Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Mastec
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$51.06 76 $3,890
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-02 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-22 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-02-27 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
CABO Cable One 6,270
GLOB Globant 2,910
VRAY Viewray 820
GTHX G1 Therapeutics 775
OPRX Optimizerx 160
ACY Aerocentury 18
CDTI CDTI Advanced Materials 0
RMP Rampart Studios 0
NUZE Nuzee 0
LXRP Lexaria Bioscience 0
MTZ 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Earnings per Share
Note 3 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Note 5 - Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance, and Contract Assets and Liabilities
Note 6 - Property and Equipment, Net
Note 7 - Debt
Note 8 - Lease Obligations
Note 9 - Stock-Based Compensation and Other Employee Benefit Plans
Note 10 - Other Retirement Plans
Note 11 - Equity
Note 12 - Income Taxes
Note 13 - Segments and Related Information
Note 14 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 15 - Related Party Transactions
Note 16 - Supplemental Guarantor Condensed Unaudited Consolidating Financial Information
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 mtz3311910-qex311.htm
EX-31.2 mtz3311910-qex312.htm
EX-32.1 mtz3311910-qex321.htm
EX-32.2 mtz3311910-qex322.htm

Mastec Earnings 2019-03-31

MTZ 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 mtz3311910-q.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________________
Form 10-Q
_____________________________________________

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
Commission File Number 001-08106
_____________________________________________

image0a08.jpg
MasTec, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Florida
65-0829355
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
800 S. Douglas Road, 12th Floor,
 
Coral Gables, FL
33134
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(305) 599-1800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
þ
 
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)    Yes ¨   No   þ

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.10 Par Value
MTZ
New York Stock Exchange
As of April 29, 2019, MasTec, Inc. had 76,281,846 shares of common stock, $0.10 par value, outstanding.





MASTEC, INC.
FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2



PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
$
1,518,340

 
$
1,396,834

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization
1,312,048

 
1,237,299

Depreciation and amortization
59,031

 
49,940

General and administrative expenses
72,616

 
63,622

Interest expense, net
22,258

 
17,058

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates
(6,260
)
 
(5,585
)
Other expense (income), net
3,507

 
(3,089
)
Income before income taxes
$
55,140

 
$
37,589

Provision for income taxes
(12,033
)
 
(11,126
)
Net income
$
43,107

 
$
26,463

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(5
)
 
(97
)
Net income attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
43,112


$
26,560

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share (Note 2):
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.57

 
$
0.33

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
74,991

 
81,150

 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
0.57

 
$
0.32

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
75,578

 
82,221


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.


3



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)

 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
43,107

 
$
26,463

Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation losses, net of tax
(100
)
 
(523
)
Unrealized (losses) gains on equity investee activity, net of tax
(5,462
)
 
7,716

Comprehensive income
$
37,545

 
$
33,656

Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(5
)
 
(97
)
Comprehensive income attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
37,550

 
$
33,753


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (in thousands, except shares and per share amounts)

 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
43,194

 
$
27,422

Accounts receivable, net (Note 5)
1,986,335

 
1,923,970

Inventories, net
121,648

 
113,709

Prepaid expenses
52,648

 
56,558

Other current assets
58,234

 
47,330

Total current assets
$
2,262,059

 
$
2,168,989

Property and equipment, net
799,479

 
747,808

Operating lease assets
223,106

 

Goodwill, net
1,140,518

 
1,100,350

Other intangible assets, net
193,192

 
169,370

Other long-term assets
242,039

 
253,436

Total assets
$
4,860,393

 
$
4,439,953

Liabilities and equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt, including finance leases
$
89,481

 
$
82,655

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
73,279

 

Accounts payable
558,696

 
669,712

Accrued salaries and wages
105,363

 
90,218

Other accrued expenses
130,095

 
133,033

Billings in excess of costs and earnings
232,253

 
227,056

Other current liabilities
73,485

 
80,937

Total current liabilities
$
1,262,652

 
$
1,283,611

Long-term debt, including finance leases
1,539,294

 
1,324,223

Long-term operating lease liabilities
153,850

 

Deferred income taxes
274,900

 
263,687

Other long-term liabilities
195,965

 
176,408

Total liabilities
$
3,426,661

 
$
3,047,929

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)


 


Equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $1.00 par value: authorized shares - 5,000,000; issued and outstanding shares – none
$

 
$

Common stock, $0.10 par value: authorized shares - 145,000,000; issued shares - 91,591,398 and 91,327,009 (including 1,158,549 and 1,251,533 of unvested stock awards) as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
9,159

 
9,133

Capital surplus
793,748

 
789,009

Retained earnings
1,161,487

 
1,118,375

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(66,056
)
 
(60,494
)
Treasury stock, at cost: 15,344,917 and 15,329,817 shares as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
(466,727
)
 
(466,125
)
Total MasTec, Inc. shareholders’ equity
$
1,431,611

 
$
1,389,898

Non-controlling interests
$
2,121

 
$
2,126

Total equity
$
1,433,732

 
$
1,392,024

Total liabilities and equity
$
4,860,393

 
$
4,439,953


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(in thousands, except shares) 

 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
Capital Surplus
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total MasTec, Inc. Shareholders’ Equity
 
Non-Controlling Interests
 
Total Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2018
91,327,009

 
$
9,133

 
(15,329,817
)
 
$
(466,125
)
 
$
789,009

 
$
1,118,375

 
$
(60,494
)
 
$
1,389,898

 
$
2,126

 
$
1,392,024

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
43,112

 
 
 
43,112

 
(5
)
 
43,107

Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,562
)
 
(5,562
)
 
 
 
(5,562
)
Non-cash stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,720

 
 
 
 
 
3,720

 
 
 
3,720

Issuance of restricted shares, net
233,362

 
23

 
 
 
 
 
(23
)
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

Other stock issuances, net of shares withheld for taxes
31,027

 
3

 
 
 
 
 
1,042

 
 
 
 
 
1,045

 
 
 
1,045

Acquisition of treasury stock, at cost
 
 
 
 
(15,100
)
 
(602
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(602
)
 
 
 
(602
)
Balance as of March 31, 2019
91,591,398

 
$
9,159

 
(15,344,917
)
 
$
(466,727
)
 
$
793,748

 
$
1,161,487

 
$
(66,056
)
 
$
1,431,611

 
$
2,121

 
$
1,433,732

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2017
90,935,584

 
$
9,094

 
(8,132,811
)
 
$
(147,124
)
 
$
775,387

 
$
857,154

 
$
(63,712
)
 
$
1,430,799

 
$
2,554

 
$
1,433,353

Cumulative effect of adoption, Topic 606
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,563

 
 
 
1,563

 
 
 
1,563

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26,560

 
 
 
26,560

 
(97
)
 
26,463

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,193

 
7,193

 
 
 
7,193

Non-cash stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,182

 
 
 
 
 
3,182

 
 
 
3,182

Issuance of restricted shares, net
104,815

 
10

 
 
 
 
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

Other stock issuances, net of shares withheld for taxes
23,300

 
2

 
 
 
 
 
890

 
 
 
 
 
892

 
 
 
892

Acquisition of treasury stock, at cost
 
 
 
 
(2,038,720
)
 
(98,449
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(98,449
)
 
 
 
(98,449
)
Balance as of March 31, 2018
91,063,699

 
$
9,106

 
(10,171,531
)
 
$
(245,573
)
 
$
779,449

 
$
885,277

 
$
(56,519
)
 
$
1,371,740

 
$
2,457

 
$
1,374,197


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6



MASTEC, INC.
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)

 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
43,107

 
$
26,463

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
59,031

 
49,940

Non-cash interest expense, net
453

 
725

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
3,720

 
3,182

Provision for (benefit from) deferred income taxes
899

 
(7,243
)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates
(6,260
)
 
(5,585
)
Gains on sales of assets, net, including fixed assets held-for-sale
(2,052
)
 
(2,758
)
Other non-cash items, net
(3,043
)
 
544

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(31,455
)
 
(97,240
)
Inventories
9,690

 
(651
)
Other assets, current and long-term portion
2,398

 
55,033

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(134,491
)
 
32,474

Billings in excess of costs and earnings
3,821

 
16,888

Other liabilities, current and long-term portion
7,375

 
11,729

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
$
(46,807
)
 
$
83,501

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(93,684
)
 
(4,329
)
Capital expenditures
(34,396
)
 
(22,545
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
8,654

 
5,382

Payments for other investments
(2,190
)
 
(14,779
)
Proceeds from other investments
10,413

 
5,415

Net cash used in investing activities
$
(111,203
)
 
$
(30,856
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from credit facilities
866,397

 
816,888

Repayments of credit facilities
(670,794
)
 
(747,099
)
Repayments of other borrowings, net
(6
)
 
(14,612
)
Payments of finance lease obligations
(17,239
)
 
(18,112
)
Distributions to non-controlling interests

 
(559
)
Proceeds from stock-based awards, net
1,067

 
916

Repurchases of common stock
(5,652
)
 
(90,880
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
$
173,773

 
$
(53,458
)
Effect of currency translation on cash
9

 
722

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
$
15,772

 
$
(91
)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
$
27,422

 
$
40,326

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$
43,194

 
$
40,235

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
26,220

 
$
21,355

Income tax payments (refunds), net
$
2,837

 
$
(28,738
)
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash information:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment from finance leases
$
40,258

 
$
25,755


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

7



MASTEC, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of the Business
MasTec, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, “MasTec” or the “Company”) is a leading infrastructure construction company operating mainly throughout North America across a range of industries. The Company’s primary activities include the engineering, building, installation, maintenance and upgrade of communications, energy, utility and other infrastructure, such as: wireless, wireline/fiber and customer fulfillment activities; petroleum and natural gas pipeline infrastructure; electrical utility transmission and distribution; power generation, including renewables; heavy civil; and industrial infrastructure. MasTec’s customers are primarily in these industries. MasTec reports its results under five reportable segments: (1) Communications; (2) Oil and Gas; (3) Electrical Transmission; (4) Power Generation and Industrial; and (5) Other.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 is derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date. Because certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted, these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018 contained in the Company’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2018 Form 10-K”). In management’s opinion, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented have been included. When necessary, certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Interim period operating results do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year. The Company believes that the disclosures made in these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information not misleading.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements include MasTec, Inc. and its subsidiaries and include the accounts of all majority owned subsidiaries over which the Company exercises control and, when applicable, entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Other parties’ interests in entities that MasTec consolidates are reported as non-controlling interests within equity. Net income or loss attributable to non-controlling interests is reported as a separate line item below net income or loss. The Company’s investments in entities for which the Company does not have a controlling interest, but for which it has the ability to exert significant influence, are accounted for using either the equity method of accounting or under the fair value option. For equity investees in which the Company has an undivided interest in the assets, liabilities and profits or losses of an unincorporated entity, but the Company does not exercise control over the entity, the Company consolidates its proportional interest in the accounts of the entity.
Translation of Foreign Currencies
The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries with a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar are translated into U.S. dollars at period-end exchange rates, with resulting translation gains or losses included within other comprehensive income or loss. Revenue and expenses are translated into U.S. dollars at average rates of exchange during the applicable period. Substantially all of the Company’s foreign operations use their local currency as their functional currency. Currency gains or losses resulting from transactions executed in currencies other than the functional currency are included in other income or expense, net. In these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements, “$” means U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted.
Management Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates are based on historical experience and various other assumptions, the results of which form the basis of making judgments about the Company’s operating results and the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Key estimates include: the recognition of revenue and project profit or loss, which the Company defines as project revenue, less project costs of revenue, including project-related depreciation, in particular, on construction contracts accounted for under the cost-to-cost method, for which the recorded amounts require estimates of costs to complete and the amount of variable consideration included in the contract transaction price; allowances for doubtful accounts; fair value estimates, including those related to acquisitions, valuations of goodwill and intangible assets, acquisition-related contingent consideration and equity investments; asset lives used in computing depreciation and amortization; fair values of financial instruments; self-insurance liabilities; other accruals and allowances; income taxes; and the estimated effects of litigation and other contingencies. While management believes that such estimates are reasonable when considered in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations taken as a whole, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Significant Accounting Policies
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue from contracts with customers under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606 (“Topic 606”). Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when, or as, control of promised goods and services is transferred to customers, and the amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for the goods and services transferred. Revenue is primarily recognized by the Company over time utilizing the cost-to-cost measure of progress, which best depicts the continuous transfer of control of goods or services to the customer, and correspondingly, when performance obligations are satisfied for the related contracts.

8



Contracts. The Company derives revenue primarily from construction projects performed under: (i) master and other service agreements, which provide a menu of available services in a specific geographic territory that are utilized on an as-needed basis, and are typically priced using time and materials or a fixed price per unit basis; or (ii) contracts for specific projects requiring the construction and installation of an entire infrastructure system or specified units within an infrastructure system, which are subject to multiple pricing options, including fixed price, unit price, time and materials, or cost plus a markup. Revenue derived from projects performed under master service and other service agreements totaled 41% of consolidated revenue for both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
For certain master service and other service agreements under which the Company performs installation and maintenance services, primarily for install-to-the-home service providers in its Communications segment, revenue is recognized at a point in time. This is generally when the work order has been fulfilled, which is typically the same day the work is initiated. Point in time revenue accounted for approximately 6% and 9% of consolidated revenue for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Substantially all of the Company’s other revenue is recognized over time.
The cost estimation process for recognizing revenue over time under the cost-to-cost method is based on the professional knowledge and experience of the Company’s project managers, engineers and financial professionals. Management reviews estimates of total contract transaction price and total project costs on an ongoing basis. Changes in job performance, job conditions and management’s assessment of expected variable consideration are factors that influence estimates of the total contract transaction price, total costs to complete those contracts and the Company’s profit recognition. Changes in these factors could result in revisions to revenue in the period in which the revisions are determined, which could materially affect the Company’s consolidated results of operations for that period. Provisions for losses on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses are determined. For both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, project profit was affected by less than 5% as a result of changes in contract estimates included in projects that were in process as of December 31, 2018 and 2017. Revenue recognized for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 as a result of changes in revenue estimates, including from variable consideration, from performance obligations satisfied or partially satisfied in prior periods totaled approximately $12.5 million and $44.3 million, respectively.
The Company may incur certain costs that can be capitalized, such as initial set-up or mobilization costs. Such costs, which are amortized over the life of the respective project, were not material for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Performance Obligations. A performance obligation is a contractual promise to transfer a distinct good or service to a customer, and is the unit of account under Topic 606. The transaction price of a contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when or as the performance obligation is satisfied. The vast majority of the Company’s performance obligations are completed within one year.
Remaining performance obligations represent the amount of unearned transaction price under contracts for which work is wholly or partially unperformed, including the Company’s share of unearned transaction price from its proportionately consolidated non-controlled joint ventures. As of March 31, 2019, the amount of the Company’s remaining performance obligations was $5.6 billion. The Company expects to recognize approximately $4.4 billion of its remaining performance obligations as revenue during 2019, with the remainder to be recognized primarily in 2020.
Variable Consideration. Transaction prices for the Company’s contracts may include variable consideration, which comprises items such as change orders, claims and incentives. Management estimates variable consideration for a performance obligation utilizing estimation methods that it believes best predict the amount of consideration to which the Company will be entitled. Management’s estimates of variable consideration and the determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on engineering studies and legal opinions, past practices with the customer, specific discussions, correspondence or preliminary negotiations with the customer and all other relevant information that is reasonably available at the time of the estimate. To the extent unapproved change orders, claims and other variable consideration reflected in transaction prices are not resolved in the Company’s favor, or to the extent incentives reflected in transaction prices are not earned, there could be reductions in, or reversals of, previously recognized revenue.
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company included approximately $38 million and $56 million, respectively, of change orders and/or claims in the transaction price for certain contracts that were in the process of being resolved in the normal course of business, including through negotiation, arbitration and other proceedings. These transaction price adjustments are included within costs and earnings in excess of billings or accounts receivable, net of allowance, as appropriate. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, these change orders and/or claims were primarily related to certain pipeline construction projects in the Oil and Gas segment. The Company actively engages with its customers to complete the final approval process, and generally expects these processes to be completed within one year. Amounts ultimately realized upon final acceptance by customers could be higher or lower than such estimated amounts.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
See the recent accounting pronouncements discussion below for information pertaining to the effects of recently adopted and other recent accounting pronouncements, as updated from the discussion in the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K.
Accounting Pronouncements Adopted in 2019
Leases. In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which, together with its related clarifying ASUs (collectively, “ASU 2016-02”), provides revised guidance for lease accounting and related disclosure requirements, including a requirement for lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for leases with durations greater than twelve months. Under the new guidance, lessees classify leases as either finance or operating leases. Lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method for finance leases, and on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease for operating leases.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 during the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective method as of January 1, 2019, without adjusting comparative periods in the financial statements. The most significant effect of the new guidance was the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets and a liability for operating leases. The accounting for finance leases (capital leases) was substantially unchanged. The Company elected to utilize the package of practical expedients that allowed entities to: (1) not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts were or contained leases;

9



(2) retain the existing classification of lease contracts as of the date of adoption; (3) not reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases; and (4) not separate non-lease components for all classes of leased assets.
As of March 31, 2019, incremental lease assets and liabilities for operating leases totaled $223 million and $227 million, respectively, which amounts approximated the balances recognized at adoption. The adoption of Topic 842 did not have a material effect on the Company's results of operations or cash flows. For additional information about the Company’s leases, see Note 8 - Lease Obligations.
Reclassification of Tax Effects from Other Comprehensive Income. In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2018-02”). ASU 2018-02, which the Company adopted during the first quarter of 2019, permitted entities to reclassify the tax effects related to the change in the federal tax rate as a result of the 2017 Tax Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The Company elected not to reclassify these tax effects, therefore, this ASU had no effect on its consolidated financial statements.
Note 2Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings or loss per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to MasTec by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period, which excludes non-participating unvested restricted share awards. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to MasTec by the weighted average number of fully diluted shares, as calculated under the treasury stock method, which includes the potential effect of dilutive common stock equivalents, such as issued but unvested restricted shares. If the Company reports a loss, rather than income, the computation of diluted loss per share excludes the effect of dilutive common stock equivalents, as their effect would be anti-dilutive. For both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, anti-dilutive common stock equivalents as calculated under the treasury stock method were de minimis.
The following table provides details underlying the Company’s earnings per share calculations for the periods indicated (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net income attributable to MasTec:
 
 
 
Net income - basic and diluted (a)
$
43,112

 
$
26,560

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
74,991

 
81,150

Dilutive common stock equivalents
587

 
1,071

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
75,578

 
82,221

(a)
Calculated as total net income less amounts attributable to non-controlling interests.
Note 3Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The following table provides balances for goodwill by reportable segment as of March 31, 2019 (in millions):
 
Communications
 
Oil and Gas
 
Electrical
Transmission
 
Power Generation and Industrial
 
Total Goodwill
Goodwill, gross
$
469.9

 
$
496.0

 
$
149.9

 
$
143.1

 
$
1,258.9

Accumulated impairment loss

 
(118.4
)
 

 

 
(118.4
)
Goodwill, net
$
469.9

 
$
377.6

 
$
149.9

 
$
143.1

 
$
1,140.5

For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, goodwill included additions of $39.9 million from new business combinations. For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, currency translation effects related to goodwill and accumulated impairment losses totaled approximately $2.0 million of gains and $1.7 million of losses, respectively.

10



The following table provides a reconciliation of changes in other intangible assets, net, for the period indicated (in millions):
 
Other Intangible Assets
 
Non-Amortizing
 
Amortizing
 
 
 
Trade Names
 
Pre-Qualifications
 
Customer Relationships and Backlog
 
Other (a)
 
Total
Other intangible assets, gross, as of December 31, 2018
$
34.5

 
$
74.0

 
$
224.4

 
$
21.1

 
$
354.0

Accumulated amortization
 
 
 
 
(170.0
)
 
(14.6
)
 
(184.6
)
Other intangible assets, net, as of December 31, 2018
$
34.5

 
$
74.0

 
$
54.4

 
$
6.5

 
$
169.4

Additions from new business combinations

 

 
26.0

 
1.6

 
27.6

Amortization expense
 
 
 
 
(4.4
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(4.8
)
Currency translation adjustments

 
0.9

 
0.1

 
0.0

 
1.0

Other intangible assets, net, as of March 31, 2019
$
34.5

 
$
74.9

 
$
76.1

 
$
7.7

 
$
193.2

(a)
Consists principally of trade names and non-compete agreements.
Amortization expense associated with intangible assets for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 totaled $4.8 million and $4.9 million, respectively.
2019 Acquisitions. During the first quarter of 2019, MasTec completed two acquisitions, which included: (i) all of the interests in a company specializing in water management and pipeline systems for the oil and gas market, which is included in the Company’s Oil and Gas segment; and (ii) certain assets and liabilities of a company specializing in the construction and maintenance of cell towers, which is included within the Company’s Communications segment. The aggregate purchase price for these entities was composed of approximately $116 million in cash plus earn-out liabilities valued at approximately $15 million, for which the earn-out periods range from three to five years. As of March 31, 2019, the range of remaining potential undiscounted earn-out liabilities for the 2019 acquisitions was estimated to be up to $39 million; however, there is no maximum payment amount. Determination of the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired and the estimated earn-out liabilities for these acquisitions was preliminary as of March 31, 2019; as a result, further adjustments to these estimates may occur.
2018 Acquisitions. During the first quarter of 2018, MasTec acquired all of the equity interests in a construction management firm specializing in steel building systems and acquired a wind turbine services company, both of which are included in the Company’s Power Generation and Industrial segment. The aggregate purchase price for these entities was composed of approximately $6.8 million in cash and estimated earn-out liabilities, net, totaling $1.5 million as of March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, the range of remaining potential undiscounted earn-out liabilities, net, for the 2018 acquisitions was estimated to be up to $6 million; however, there is no maximum payment amount.
Pro Forma Financial Information and Acquisition Results. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, unaudited supplemental pro forma revenue totaled approximately $1,518.3 million and $1,445.6 million, respectively, and unaudited supplemental pro forma net income totaled approximately $43.3 million and $28.5 million, respectively.
These unaudited pro forma financial results include the results of operations of the acquired companies as if the acquired companies had been consolidated as of the beginning of the year prior to their acquisition and are provided for illustrative purposes only. These unaudited pro forma financial results do not purport to be indicative of the actual results that would have been achieved by the combined companies for the periods indicated, or of the results that may be achieved by the combined companies in the future. The Company’s unaudited pro forma financial results were prepared by adjusting the historical results of MasTec to include the unaudited historical results of the acquired businesses described above, and then adjusted for (i) acquisition costs; (ii) amortization expense resulting from the acquired intangible assets; (iii) interest expense as a result of the cash consideration paid; (iv) interest expense from debt repaid upon acquisition; and (iv) other purchase accounting related adjustments. These unaudited pro forma financial results do not include adjustments to reflect other cost savings or synergies that may have resulted from these acquisitions. Future results may vary significantly due to future events and transactions, as well as other factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.
For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s consolidated results of operations included acquisition-related revenue of approximately $39.7 million and $76.8 million, respectively, and included acquisition-related net losses of approximately $6.1 million and acquisition-related net income of $2.0 million, respectively, based on the Company’s consolidated effective tax rates. These acquisition-related results do not include the effects of acquisition costs or interest expense associated with consideration paid for the related acquisitions.
Note 4Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, cash collateral deposited with insurance carriers, life insurance assets, equity investments, deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities, accounts payable and other current liabilities, acquisition-related contingent consideration and debt obligations.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or the amount paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value guidance establishes a valuation hierarchy, which requires maximizing the use of observable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of inputs that may be used are: (i) Level 1 - quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; (ii) Level 2 - observable market-based inputs or other observable inputs; and (iii) Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data, which are generally determined using valuation models incorporating management estimates of market participant assumptions.

11



Acquisition-Related Contingent Consideration
Acquisition-related contingent consideration, or “earn-outs,” represent the estimated fair value of future amounts payable for acquisitions of businesses and other interests. Acquisition-related contingent consideration is based on management estimates and entity-specific assumptions, which are Level 3 inputs, and is evaluated on an ongoing basis. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the estimated fair value of the Company’s earn-out liabilities totaled $140.5 million and $118.1 million, respectively, of which $30.8 million and $29.6 million, respectively, was included within other current liabilities. The fair value of the Company’s earn-out liabilities is estimated using income approaches such as discounted cash flows or option pricing models, which incorporate significant inputs not observable in the market. Key assumptions include the discount rate and probability-weighted EBITDA projections. Significant changes in any of these assumptions could result in significantly higher or lower potential earn-out liabilities. As of March 31, 2019, the range of potential undiscounted earn-out liabilities was estimated to be between $41 million and $196 million; however, there is no maximum payment amount.
Acquisition-related contingent consideration activity consists primarily of additions from new business combinations; changes in the expected fair value of future earn-out obligations; and payments. Measurement period adjustments, which are fair value adjustments for earn-out liabilities relating to new information obtained about the facts and circumstances existing as of the date of acquisition for a period of up to one year, are recorded to goodwill. Other revisions to the expected fair value of future earn-out liabilities are reflected as income or expense, as appropriate. Payments of acquisition-related contingent consideration, to the extent they relate to estimated liabilities as of the date of acquisition, are reflected within financing activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows, whereas payments in excess of acquisition date liabilities are classified within operating activities.
For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, additions to acquisition-related contingent consideration from new business combinations totaled approximately $15.2 million and $1.5 million, respectively. Fair value adjustments related to acquisition-related contingent consideration, including those related to finalization of completed earn-out arrangements, totaled a net increase of approximately $7.2 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2019 and related to businesses in the Company’s Oil and Gas and Communications segments. Fair value adjustments, net, for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 were de minimis. Measurement period adjustments related to acquisition-related contingent consideration totaled an increase of approximately $2.7 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 and related primarily to businesses in the Company’s Oil and Gas segment. There were no payments of acquisition-related contingent consideration during either of the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 or 2018.
Equity Investments
The Company’s equity investments as of March 31, 2019 include: (i) the Company’s 33% equity interests in Trans-Pecos Pipeline, LLC (“TPP”) and Comanche Trail Pipeline, LLC (“CTP,” and together with TPP, the “Waha JVs”), which are accounted for as equity method investments; (ii) a $15 million investment in Cross Country Infrastructure Services, Inc. (“CCI”); (iii) the Company’s interests in certain proportionately consolidated non-controlled contractual joint ventures; (iv) the Company’s equity interests in Pensare Acquisition Corp. (“Pensare”); and (v) certain other equity investments. See Note 15 - Related Party Transactions for additional information related to certain of the Company’s equity investments.
Investment Arrangements. From time to time, the Company may participate in selected investment or strategic arrangements, including equity interests in various business entities and participation in contractual joint ventures, some of which may involve the extension of loans or other types of financing arrangements. As of March 31, 2019, the Company determined that certain of its investment arrangements were VIEs. The Company does not, however, have the power to direct the primary activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these VIEs and the Company is not the primary beneficiary; accordingly, it has not consolidated these VIEs.
Equity investments, other than those accounted for as equity method investments or those that are proportionately consolidated, are measured at fair value if their fair values are readily determinable. Equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values are measured at cost, adjusted for changes from observable market transactions, less impairment (“adjusted cost basis”). As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the aggregate carrying value of the Company’s equity investments totaled approximately $188 million and $197 million, respectively, including approximately $18 million of equity investments measured on an adjusted cost basis as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. There were no impairments of, or material changes in the fair value of these investments during either of the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 or 2018.
The Waha JVs. The Waha JVs own and operate two pipelines and a header system that transport natural gas to the Mexican border for export. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company made equity contributions to the Waha JVs of approximately $0.8 million and $14.8 million, respectively. In the past, certain subsidiaries of MasTec have provided pipeline construction services to the Waha JVs, for which revenue and related receivables were de minimis for both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 and as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Equity in earnings related to the Company’s proportionate share of income from the Waha JVs, which is included within the Company’s Other segment, totaled approximately $6.3 million and $5.6 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Cumulative undistributed earnings from the Waha JVs, which represents cumulative equity in earnings for the Waha JVs less distributions of earnings, totaled $32.3 million as of March 31, 2019. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company received $3.9 million and $5.7 million in distributions of earnings, respectively, from the Waha JVs, which amounts are included within operating cash flows. The Company’s net investment in the Waha JVs, which differs from its proportionate share of the net assets of the Waha JVs due primarily to capitalized investment costs, totaled approximately $167 million and $168 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The Waha JVs are party to separate non-recourse financing facilities, each of which are secured by pledges of the equity interests in the respective entities, as well as a first lien security interest over virtually all of their assets. The Waha JVs are also party to certain interest rate swaps, which are accounted for as qualifying cash flow hedges. The Company reflects its proportionate share of any unrealized fair market value gains or losses from fluctuations in interest rates associated with these swaps within other comprehensive income or loss, as appropriate. For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company’s proportionate share of unrecognized unrealized activity on these interest rate swaps was losses of approximately $7.2 million, or $5.5 million, net of tax, and for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 was gains of $10.1 million, or $7.7 million, net of tax.

12



Other Investments. During the third quarter of 2017, the Company paid $2.0 million for approximately 4% of the common stock of Pensare and warrants to purchase 2.0 million shares of Pensare common stock, which is a special purpose acquisition company focusing on transactions in the telecommunications industry. José R. Mas, MasTec’s Chief Executive Officer, is a director of Pensare. The shares of common stock purchased by MasTec are not transferable or salable until one year after Pensare successfully completes a business combination transaction, with limited exceptions, as specified in the agreement. The warrants are exercisable at a purchase price of $11.50 per share after Pensare successfully completes a business combination transaction. Both the warrants and the shares contained an expiration and/or forfeiture clause without the successful completion of a business combination transaction, for which the required completion date was recently extended to August 1, 2019. On January 31, 2019, Pensare entered into a business combination agreement with U.S TelePacific Holdings Corp. (“TPx”), the completion of which is pending shareholder approval. TPx is a provider of unified communications and cloud-focused managed information technology services.
The shares, which are measured on an adjusted cost basis, and the warrants, which are derivative financial instruments, are included within other long-term assets in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2019. Due to the nature of the restrictions, the fair value of the shares is not readily determinable. The fair value of the warrants is determined based on observable and unobservable inputs, including market volatility and the rights and obligations of the warrants, which are Level 3 inputs. For both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no material changes in the fair value of the Company’s investment in Pensare.
During the second quarter of 2018, the Company invested $10.0 million for an equity interest of approximately 40% in LifeShield, LLC (“LifeShield”), a home security company, which was measured under the fair value option. As of December 31, 2018, the fair value of this investment was determined to approximate its purchase price. In February 2019, the Company sold its equity interest in LifeShield for approximately $11 million, subject to customary escrow arrangements.
In connection with the 2014 acquisition of Pacer Construction Holdings Corporation and its affiliated operating companies (collectively, “Pacer”), the Company acquired an investment that is in the final stages of liquidation, and for which the Company has minimal involvement. The net carrying value of this asset, which is included within other current assets, totaled $3.9 million and $2.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Senior Notes
As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the gross carrying amount of the Company’s 4.875% senior notes due March 15, 2023 (the “4.875% Senior Notes”), which are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, totaled $400 million. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the estimated fair value of the 4.875% Senior Notes, based on Level 1 inputs, totaled $408.0 million and $392.0 million, respectively.
Note 5Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance, and Contract Assets and Liabilities
The following table provides details of accounts receivable, net of allowance and contract assets (together, “accounts receivable, net”) as of the dates indicated (in millions):
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Contract billings
$
753.8

 
$
687.6

Less allowance for doubtful accounts
(12.4
)
 
(16.3
)
Accounts receivable, net of allowance
$
741.4

 
$
671.3

Retainage
292.2

 
230.2

Costs and earnings in excess of billings
952.7

 
1,022.5

Retainage and costs and earnings in excess of billings (together, “contract assets”)
$
1,244.9

 
$
1,252.7

Accounts receivable, net
$
1,986.3

 
$
1,924.0

Contract billings represent the amount of performance obligations that have been billed but not yet collected. Contract assets consist of costs and earnings in excess of billings (“CIEB”) and retainage. CIEB, which is also referred to as work in process, represents the estimated value of unbilled work for projects with performance obligations recognized over time. Retainage represents a portion of the contract amount that has been billed, but for which the contract allows the customer to retain a portion of the billed amount until final contract settlement (generally, from 5% to 10% of contract billings). Retainage is not considered to be a significant financing component because the intent is to protect the customer. CIEB and retainage amounts are generally classified as current assets within the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Retainage that has been billed, but is not due until completion of performance and acceptance by customers, is generally expected to be collected within one year. Accounts receivable expected to be collected beyond one year are recorded within other long-term assets. Provisions for doubtful accounts and impairment losses on contract assets were not material for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 or 2018.
Under certain contracts, the Company may be entitled to invoice the customer and receive payments in advance of performing the related contract work. In those instances, the Company recognizes a liability for advance billings in excess of revenue recognized, which is referred to as billings in excess of costs and earnings (“BIEC”). BIEC is not considered to be a significant financing component because it is generally used to meet working capital demands that can be higher in the early stages of a contract. Contract liabilities consist primarily of such BIEC, which are generally classified within current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. BIEC totaled approximately $232.3 million and $227.1 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized revenue of approximately $123.7 million, related to amounts that were included in BIEC as of December 31, 2018, resulting primarily from the advancement of physical progress on the respective projects during the period. Contract liabilities also include the amount of any accrued project losses, which are

13



classified within other current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Total contract liabilities, including accrued project losses, totaled approximately $243.7 million and $231.6 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The Company is party to non-recourse financing arrangements in the ordinary course of business, under which certain receivables are settled with the customer’s bank in return for a nominal fee. These arrangements, under which amounts can vary based on levels of activity, interest rates and changes in customer payment terms, improve the collection cycle time of the related receivables. Cash collected from these arrangements is reflected within cash provided by operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows. The discount charge, which is included within interest expense, net, totaled approximately $2.9 million and $1.9 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Note 6Property and Equipment, Net
The following table provides details of property and equipment, net, including property and equipment held under finance leases as of the dates indicated (in millions):
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Land
$
4.6

 
$
4.6

Buildings and leasehold improvements
33.0

 
30.3

Machinery and equipment
1,460.6

 
1,391.8

Office furniture and equipment
172.1

 
166.7

Construction in progress
26.1

 
20.1

Total property and equipment
$
1,696.4

 
$
1,613.5

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(896.9
)
 
(865.7
)
Property and equipment, net
$
799.5

 
$
747.8

The gross amount of capitalized internal-use software, which is included within office furniture and equipment, totaled $122.5 million and $122.0 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Capitalized internal-use software, net of accumulated amortization, totaled $24.8 million and $26.5 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense associated with property and equipment for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 totaled $54.2 million and $45.1 million, respectively.
Note 7Debt
The following table provides details of the carrying values of debt as of the dates indicated (in millions):
Description
 
Maturity Date
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Senior secured credit facility:
 
February 22, 2022
 
 
 
 
Revolving loans
 
$
660.4

 
$
456.9

Term loan
 
371.9

 
376.9

4.875% Senior Notes
 
March 15, 2023
 
400.0

 
400.0

Finance lease and other obligations
 
205.9

 
183.2

Total long-term debt obligations
 
$
1,638.2

 
$
1,417.0

Less unamortized deferred financing costs
 
(9.4
)
 
(10.1
)
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs
 
$
1,628.8

 
$
1,406.9

Current portion of long-term debt
 
89.5

 
82.7

Long-term debt
 
$
1,539.3

 
$
1,324.2

Senior Secured Credit Facility
The Company has a senior secured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). Under the Credit Facility, aggregate borrowing commitments totaled approximately $1.5 billion as of March 31, 2019, composed of $1.1 billion of revolving commitments and a term loan of approximately $0.4 billion. The term loan is subject to amortization in quarterly principal installments of $5.0 million. Quarterly principal installments on the term loan are subject to adjustment, if applicable, for certain prepayments.
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, outstanding revolving loans, which included $153 million and $128 million, respectively, of borrowings denominated in foreign currencies, accrued interest at weighted average rates of approximately 4.19% and 4.23% per annum, respectively. The term loan accrued interest at a rate of 4.00% and 4.27% as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Letters of credit of approximately $90.5 million and $88.2 million were issued as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, letters of credit fees accrued at 0.625% and 0.875% per annum, respectively, for performance standby letters of credit, and at 1.50% and 1.75% per annum, respectively, for financial standby letters of credit. Outstanding letters of credit mature at various dates and most have automatic renewal provisions, subject to prior notice of cancellation. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, availability for revolving loans totaled $349.1 million

14



and $554.9 million, respectively, or up to $349.1 million and $554.9 million, respectively, for new letters of credit. Revolving loan borrowing capacity included $146.6 million and $91.9 million of availability in either Canadian dollars or Mexican pesos as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The unused facility fee as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 accrued at a rate of 0.25% and 0.35%, respectively.
The Credit Facility is guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company (the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”) and the obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by substantially all of the Company’s and the Guarantor Subsidiaries’ respective assets, subject to certain exceptions.
Other Credit Facilities. The Company has other credit facilities that support: (i) the working capital requirements of its foreign operations, and (ii) certain letter of credit issuances. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were no borrowings under the Company’s other credit facilities. Additionally, the Company has a credit facility under which it may issue up to $50.0 million of performance standby letters of credit.  As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, letters of credit issued under this facility totaled $40.2 million, and accrued fees at 0.50% and 0.75%, respectively, per annum.
The Company’s other credit facilities are subject to customary provisions and covenants.
Debt Guarantees and Covenants
The 4.875% Senior Notes are senior unsecured unsubordinated obligations and rank equal in right of payment with existing and future unsubordinated debt, and rank senior in right of payment to existing and future subordinated debt and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, unsubordinated, joint and several basis by certain of the Company’s existing and future 100%-owned direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries that are each guarantors of the Credit Facility or other outstanding indebtedness. See Note 16 - Supplemental Guarantor Condensed Unaudited Consolidating Financial Information.
MasTec was in compliance with the provisions and covenants of its outstanding debt instruments as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
Additional Information
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accrued interest payable, which is recorded within other accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets, totaled $3.1 million and $7.4 million, respectively. For additional information pertaining to the Company’s debt instruments, including its 4.875% Senior Notes, see Note 7 - Debt in the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K.
Note 8Lease Obligations
Finance Leases
MasTec enters into agreements that provide financing for machinery and equipment. Assets associated with these arrangements, are recorded within property and equipment, with a corresponding amount recorded within the Company’s debt obligations. Expense associated with finance leases is recorded within depreciation and interest expense, and additions are reflected in the consolidated statements of cash flows within the supplemental disclosures of non-cash information. Many of the Company’s finance lease agreements contain a purchase option, which the Company generally intends to exercise, as the purchase option prices are typically below the estimated fair market values of the related assets. The gross amount of assets held under finance leases as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 totaled $353.0 million and $337.6 million, respectively. Assets held under finance leases, net of accumulated depreciation, totaled $271.3 million and $246.8 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Depreciation expense associated with finance leases totaled $10.0 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2019.
Operating Leases
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into non-cancelable operating leases for certain of its facility, vehicle and equipment needs, including related party leases. See Note 15 - Related Party Transactions. These leases allow the Company to conserve cash and provide flexibility as compared with purchasing these assets. The terms of these agreements vary from lease to lease, including some with renewal options. Operating lease costs, which are recorded as rent expense, primarily within costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization, include both fixed and variable components. Fixed costs for operating leases are composed of initial base rent amounts plus any fixed annual increases. Variable costs for operating leases consist primarily of common area maintenance expenses and taxes. In the event the Company cancels or terminates a lease before the end of the lease term, the Company is typically liable for the remaining lease payments, and such payments are generally recorded within rent expense. For operating leases with purchase options, the option to purchase equipment is considered to be at its estimated fair market value. For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, operating lease additions, excluding the effect of the adoption of $233 million, totaled $12 million.
For the three month period ended March 31, 2019, rent expense for leases that have terms in excess of one year totaled approximately $27.9 million, of which $2.3 million represented variable lease costs. The Company also incurred rent expense for leases with terms of one year or less totaling approximately $92.8 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2019. For the three month period ended March 31, 2018, rent and related expense for operating leases that have non-cancelable terms in excess of one year totaled approximately $26.9 million, and rent and related expense for operating leases having original terms of one year or less totaled approximately $91.7 million. Rent expense for operating leases is generally consistent with the amount of the related payments, and is included within operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows.

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Additional Lease Information
Future minimum lease commitments as of March 31, 2019 were as follows (in millions):
 
 Finance
 Leases
 
Operating Leases
2019, remaining nine months
$
60.7

 
$
64.6

2020
71.0

 
64.7

2021
57.3

 
42.2

2022
28.1

 
26.9

2023
3.4

 
16.9

Thereafter
0.1

 
36.1

Total minimum lease payments
$
220.6

 
$
251.4

Less amounts representing interest
(14.9
)
 
(24.2
)
Total lease obligations, net of interest
$
205.7

 
$
227.2

Less current portion
69.9

 
73.3

Long-term portion of lease obligations, net of interest
$
135.8

 
$
153.9

The Company reviews all contracts for potential leasing arrangements. As of March 31, 2019, finance leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 2.8 years and a weighted average discount rate of 4.3%. Non-cancelable operating leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 4.5 years and a weighted average discount rate of 4.4% as of March 31, 2019. If a lease does not contain an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate to determine the present value of the total lease payments, which is based on the information available as of the lease commencement date, including applicable lease terms and the current economic environment. The Company applies a portfolio approach in determining its incremental borrowing rate given that it has a centrally managed treasury function.
See Note 1 - Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies for information pertaining to the Company’s January 1, 2019 adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which, together with its related clarifying ASUs, provided revised guidance for lease accounting and related disclosure requirements.
Note 9Stock-Based Compensation and Other Employee Benefit Plans
The Company has stock-based compensation plans, under which shares of the Company’s common stock are reserved for issuance. Under all stock-based compensation plans in effect as of March 31, 2019, including employee stock purchase plans, there were approximately 4,178,000 shares available for future grant.
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense under all plans totaled $3.7 million and $3.2 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Income tax benefits associated with stock-based compensation arrangements totaled $3.2 million and $0.8 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Net tax benefits related to the vesting of share-based payment awards totaled $2.3 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2019, and were de minimis for the three month period ended March 31, 2018.
Restricted Shares
MasTec grants restricted stock awards and restricted stock units (together “restricted shares”) to eligible participants, which are valued based on the closing market share price of MasTec common stock (the “market price”) on the date of grant. During the restriction period, holders of restricted stock awards are entitled to vote the shares. Total unearned compensation related to restricted shares as of March 31, 2019 was approximately $31.4 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.4 years. The intrinsic value of restricted shares that vested, which is based on the market price on the date of vesting, totaled $13.6 million and $0.1 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Activity, restricted shares: (a)
Restricted
Shares
 
Per Share Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested restricted shares, as of December 31, 2018
1,270,233

 
$
31.80

Granted
221,462

 
46.90

Vested
(326,346
)
 
13.34

Canceled/forfeited
(1,700
)
 
35.53

Non-vested restricted shares, as of March 31, 2019
1,163,649

 
$
39.84

(a)
Includes 5,100 and 18,700 restricted stock units as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

16




Employee Stock Purchase Plans
The Company has certain employee stock purchase plans (collectively, “ESPPs”) under which shares of the Company's common stock are available for purchase by eligible employees. The following table provides details pertaining to the Company’s ESPPs for the periods indicated:
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash proceeds (in millions)
$
1.2

 
$
1.0

Common shares issued
35,732

 
25,638

Weighted average price per share
$
34.48

 
$
39.99

Weighted average per share grant date fair value
$
8.76

 
$
9.79

Note 10Other Retirement Plans
Multiemployer Plans. Certain of MasTec’s subsidiaries, including certain subsidiaries in Canada, contribute amounts to multiemployer pension and other multiemployer benefit plans and trusts (“MEPPs”), which are recorded as a component of employee wages and salaries within costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization. Contributions are generally based on fixed amounts per hour per employee for employees covered under these plans. Multiemployer plan contribution rates are determined annually and assessed on a “pay-as-you-go” basis based on union employee payrolls. Union payrolls cannot be determined for future periods because the number of union employees employed at a given time, and the plans in which they participate, vary depending upon the location and number of ongoing projects and the need for union resources in connection with those projects. Total contributions to multiemployer plans and the related number of employees covered by these plans, including with respect to the Company’s Canadian operations, for the periods indicated were as follows:
 
Multiemployer Plans
 
Covered Employees
 
Contributions (in millions)
 
Low
 
High
 
Pension
 
Other Multiemployer
 
Total
For the Three Months Ended March 31:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019
1,626

 
2,117

 
$
7.0

 
$
1.3

 
$
8.3

2018
2,018

 
2,612

 
$
11.4

 
$
2.0

 
$
13.4

The fluctuations in the number of employees covered under multiemployer plans and related contributions in the table above related primarily to timing of activity for the Company’s union resource-based projects, the majority of which are within its oil and gas operations.
Note 11Equity
Share Activity
The Company’s share repurchase programs provide for the repurchase of shares of MasTec common stock from time to time in open market transactions or in privately-negotiated transactions in accordance with applicable securities laws. The timing and the amount of any repurchases is determined based on market conditions, legal requirements, cash flow and liquidity needs and other factors. The Company’s share repurchase programs do not have an expiration date and may be modified or suspended at any time at the Company’s discretion. Share repurchases, which are recorded at cost and are held in the Company’s treasury, are funded with available cash or with availability under the Credit Facility. The Company may use either authorized and unissued shares or treasury shares to meet share issuance requirements.
During the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company repurchased shares of its common stock under several share repurchase programs. As of March 31, 2019, $128.8 million was available for future share repurchases under all of the Company’s open share repurchase programs.
Share repurchases totaled approximately $0.6 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2019. First quarter 2019 share repurchases were completed under the Company’s $150 million share repurchase program that was authorized in September 2018 (the “September 2018 Share Repurchase Program”). For the three month period ended March 31, 2018, the Company repurchased approximately 2.0 million shares for an aggregate purchase price of $98.4 million under a $100 million share repurchase program that was established in 2016 and completed in the first quarter of 2018. As of March 31, 2019, $28.8 million was available for future share repurchases under the September 2018 Share Repurchase Program, and for the Company’s $100 million share repurchase program that was authorized in December 2018, the full amount was available.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated other comprehensive loss is composed of unrealized foreign currency gains and losses from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries with a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar, as well as unrealized gains and losses from certain investment activities. Unrealized foreign currency activity for both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were de minimis. Unrealized investment activity for both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 relates to unrealized gains and losses on interest rate swaps associated with the Waha JVs.

17



Note 12Income Taxes
In determining the quarterly provision for income taxes, management uses an estimated annual effective tax rate based on forecasted annual pre-tax income, permanent tax differences, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates. The effect of significant discrete items is separately recognized in the quarter(s) in which they occur. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s consolidated effective tax rates were 22% and 30%, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rate for the three month period ended March 31, 2019 was favorably affected by the recognition of $2.3 million of excess tax benefits from the vesting of share-based awards and reduced foreign earnings.
Note 13Segments and Related Information
Segment Discussion
MasTec manages its operations under five operating segments, which represent MasTec’s five reportable segments: (1) Communications; (2) Oil and Gas; (3) Electrical Transmission; (4) Power Generation and Industrial and (5) Other. This structure is generally focused on broad end-user markets for MasTec’s labor-based construction services. All five reportable segments derive their revenue from the engineering, installation and maintenance of infrastructure, primarily in North America.
The Communications segment performs engineering, construction, maintenance and customer fulfillment activities related to communications infrastructure, primarily for wireless and wireline/fiber communications and install-to-the-home customers, and, to a lesser extent, infrastructure for utilities, among others. MasTec performs engineering, construction and maintenance services for oil and natural gas pipelines and processing facilities for the energy and utilities industries through its Oil and Gas segment. The Electrical Transmission segment primarily serves the energy and utility industries through the engineering, construction and maintenance of electrical transmission lines and substations. The Power Generation and Industrial segment primarily serves energy, utility and other end-markets through the installation and construction of power facilities, including renewables, related electrical transmission infrastructure, ethanol/biofuel facilities and various types of heavy civil and industrial infrastructure. The Other segment includes equity investees, the services of which vary from those provided by the Company’s primary segments, as well as other small business units that perform construction and other services for a variety of international end-markets.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) is the measure of profitability used by management to manage its segments and, accordingly, in its segment reporting. As appropriate, the Company supplements the reporting of consolidated financial information determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP with certain non-U.S. GAAP financial measures, including EBITDA. The Company believes these non-U.S. GAAP measures provide meaningful information and help investors understand the Company’s financial results and assess its prospects for future performance. The Company uses EBITDA to evaluate its performance, both internally and as compared with its peers, because it excludes certain items that may not be indicative of the Company’s core operating results for its reportable segments, as well as items that can vary widely across different industries or among companies within the same industry, and for non-cash stock-based compensation expense, can also be subject to volatility from changes in the market price per share of the Company’s common stock or variations in the value of shares granted. Segment EBITDA is calculated in a manner consistent with consolidated EBITDA.
Summarized financial information for MasTec’s reportable segments is presented and reconciled to consolidated financial information for total MasTec in the following tables, including a reconciliation of consolidated income before income taxes to EBITDA, all of which are presented in millions. The tables below may contain slight summation differences due to rounding.
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Revenue:
2019
 
2018
Communications (a)
$
612.8

 
$
627.1

Oil and Gas
621.3

 
536.5

Electrical Transmission
94.9

 
114.0

Power Generation and Industrial
189.4

 
117.6

Other
0.0

 
1.9

Eliminations
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
Consolidated revenue
$
1,518.3

 
$
1,396.8

(a)
Revenue generated primarily by utilities customers represented 15.6% and 17.8% of Communications segment revenue for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

18



 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
EBITDA:
2019
 
2018
Communications
$
45.3

 
$
82.1

Oil and Gas
107.4

 
33.0

Electrical Transmission
3.8

 
4.6

Power Generation and Industrial
3.2

 
4.8

Other
6.2

 
5.9

Corporate
(29.5
)
 
(25.8
)
Consolidated EBITDA
$
136.4

 
$
104.6


 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Depreciation and Amortization:
2019
 
2018
Communications
$
14.7

 
$
14.6

Oil and Gas
34.6

 
25.5

Electrical Transmission
4.5

 
5.3

Power Generation and Industrial
3.1

 
3.0

Other
0.0

 
0.0

Corporate
2.1

 
1.5

Consolidated depreciation and amortization
$
59.0

 
$
49.9


 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
EBITDA Reconciliation:
2019
 
2018
Income before income taxes
$
55.1

 
$
37.6

Plus:
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
22.3

 
17.1

Depreciation and amortization
59.0

 
49.9

Consolidated EBITDA
$
136.4

 
$
104.6

Foreign Operations. MasTec operates in North America, primarily in the United States and Canada, and, to a lesser extent, in Mexico. For both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, revenue of $1.4 billion was derived from U.S. operations, and revenue of $78.9 million and $33.8 million, respectively, was derived from foreign operations, the majority of which was from the Company’s Canadian operations in its Oil and Gas segment. Long-lived assets held in the U.S. included property and equipment, net, of $764.1 million and $707.4 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and, for the Company’s businesses in foreign countries, the majority of which are in Canada, totaled $35.4 million and $40.4 million, respectively. Intangible assets and goodwill, net, related to the Company’s U.S. operations totaled approximately $1.3 billion and $1.2 billion as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and for the Company’s businesses in foreign countries, the majority of which are in Canada, totaled approximately $62.3 million and $61.5 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, amounts due from customers from which foreign revenue was derived accounted for approximately 6% and 5%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position, which represents accounts receivable, net, less BIEC.

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Significant Customers
Revenue concentration information for significant customers as a percentage of total consolidated revenue was as follows:
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Customer:
2019
 
2018
AT&T (including DIRECTV®) (a)
23%
 
27%
Energy Transfer affiliates (b)
6%
 
26%
(a)
The Company’s relationship with AT&T is based upon multiple separate master service and other service agreements, including for installation and maintenance services, as well as construction/installation contracts for AT&T’s: (i) wireless business; (ii) wireline/fiber businesses; and (iii) various install-to-the-home businesses, including DIRECTV®. Revenue from AT&T is included in the Communications segment.
(b)
The Company's relationship with Energy Transfer affiliates is based upon various construction contracts for pipeline activities with Energy Transfer Partners L.P., and its subsidiaries and affiliates, all of which are consolidated by Energy Transfer Equity, L.P. Revenue from Energy Transfer affiliates is included in the Oil and Gas segment.
Note 14Commitments and Contingencies
MasTec is subject to a variety of legal cases, claims and other disputes that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of its business, including project contract price and acquisition purchase price disputes. MasTec cannot provide assurance that it will be successful in recovering all or any of the potential damages it has claimed or in defending claims against the Company. The outcome of such cases, claims and disputes cannot be predicted with certainty and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of them could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In April 2019, an arbitral tribunal award related to a Canadian acquisition was finalized (the “Award”) for approximately $50 million in favor of MasTec. The collectibility of the Award is uncertain and currently under review. Additionally, MasTec has incurred significant arbitration, legal and other costs related to this matter and expects to incur additional costs while pursuing collection of the Award.
Other Commitments and Contingencies
Leases. In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into non-cancelable operating leases for certain of its facility, vehicle and equipment needs, including related party leases. See Note 8 - Lease Obligations and Note 15 - Related Party Transactions.
Letters of Credit. In the ordinary course of business, the Company is required to post letters of credit for its insurance carriers, surety bond providers and in support of performance under certain contracts as well as certain obligations associated with the Company’s equity investments, including its variable interest entities. Such letters of credit are generally issued by a bank or similar financial institution. The letter of credit commits the issuer to pay specified amounts to the holder of the letter of credit under certain conditions. If this were to occur, the Company would be required to reimburse the issuer of the letter of credit, which, depending upon the circumstances, could result in a charge to earnings. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were $130.7 million and $128.4 million, respectively, of letters of credit issued under the Company’s credit facilities. The Company is not aware of any material claims relating to its outstanding letters of credit as of March 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.
Performance and Payment Bonds. In the ordinary course of business, MasTec is required by certain customers to provide performance and payment bonds for contractual commitments related to projects in process. These bonds provide a guarantee to the customer that the Company will perform under the terms of a contract and that the Company will pay subcontractors and vendors. If the Company fails to perform under a contract or to pay subcontractors and vendors, the customer may demand that the surety make payments or provide services under the bond. The Company must reimburse the surety for expenses or outlays it incurs. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, outstanding performance and payment bonds approximated $233.1 million and $123.6 million, respectively, and estimated costs to complete projects secured by these bonds totaled $61.3 million and $53.0 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. These amounts do not include performance and payment bonds associated with the Company’s equity investments.
Investment Arrangements. From time to time, the Company may participate in selected investment or strategic arrangements to expand its operations, customer base or geographic reach, including arrangements that combine the Company’s skills and resources with those of others to allow for the performance of particular projects. The Company holds undivided interests, ranging from 85% to 90%, in multiple proportionately consolidated non-controlled contractual joint ventures that provide infrastructure construction services for electrical transmission projects. The Company also holds a 35% undivided interest in a proportionately consolidated non-controlled Canadian contractual joint venture that was underway when the Company acquired Pacer in 2014, whose sole activity involves the construction of a bridge, a business in which the Company does not otherwise engage. This joint venture, which is managed by a third party, and for which the Company has minimal direct construction involvement, automatically terminates upon completion of the project. Income and/or losses incurred by these joint ventures are generally shared proportionally by the respective joint venture members, with the members of the joint ventures jointly and severally liable for all of the obligations of the joint venture. The respective joint venture agreements provide that each joint venture partner indemnify the other party for any liabilities incurred by such joint venture in excess of its ratable portion of such liabilities. Thus, it is possible that the Company could be required to pay or perform obligations in excess of its share if the other joint venture partners fail or refuse to pay or perform their respective share of the obligations. As of March 31, 2019, the Company was not aware of circumstances that would reasonably lead to material future claims against it in connection with these arrangements. Included in the Company’s cash balances as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are amounts held by entities that are proportionately consolidated totaling $26.7 million and $11.8 million, respectively. These amounts are available to support the operations of those entities, but are not available for the Company’s other operations. Advances on project work associated with the Company’s proportionately consolidated contractual joint ventures, which are reflected within other current liabilities, totaled $3.4 million and $7.0 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

20



The Company has other investment arrangements, under which it may incur costs or provide financing, performance, financial and/or other guarantees. See Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Note 15 - Related Party Transactions for additional details regarding the Company’s other investment arrangements.
Self-Insurance. MasTec maintains insurance policies for workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability, which are subject to per claim deductibles. The Company is self-insured up to the amount of the deductible. The Company also maintains excess umbrella coverage. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, MasTec’s liability for unpaid claims and associated expenses, including incurred but not reported losses related to these policies, totaled $112.8 million and $108.9 million, respectively, of which $73.1 million and $70.8 million, respectively, were reflected within other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. MasTec also maintains an insurance policy with respect to employee group medical claims, which is subject to annual per employee maximum losses. MasTec’s estimated liability for employee group medical claims totaled $3.1 million and $2.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The Company is required to post collateral, generally in the form of letters of credit, surety bonds and cash to certain of its insurance carriers. Insurance-related letters of credit for the Company’s workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability policies amounted to $67.6 million as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. Outstanding surety bonds related to self-insurance programs amounted to $34.8 million as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. In addition, cash collateral deposited with insurance carriers, which is included within other long-term assets, amounted to $1.6 million for these policies as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
Employment Agreements. The Company has employment agreements with certain executives and other employees, which provide for compensation and certain other benefits and for severance payments under certain circumstances. Certain employment agreements also contain clauses that become effective upon a change in control of the Company. Upon the occurrence of any of the defined events in the various employment agreements, the Company would be obligated to pay certain amounts to the relevant employees, which vary with the level of the employees’ respective responsibility.
Collective Bargaining Agreements and Multiemployer Plans. As discussed in Note 10 - Other Retirement Plans, certain of MasTec’s subsidiaries are party to various collective bargaining agreements with unions representing certain of their employees, which require the Company to pay specified wages, provide certain benefits and contribute certain amounts to MEPPs. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended by the Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980 (collectively, “ERISA”), which governs U.S.-registered multiemployer pension plans, subjects employers to substantial liabilities in the event of an employer’s complete or partial withdrawal from, or upon termination of, such plans. The Company currently contributes, and in the past, has contributed to, plans that are underfunded, and, therefore, could have potential liability associated with a voluntary or involuntary withdrawal from, or termination of, these plans. As of March 31, 2019, the Company does not have plans to withdraw from, and is not aware of circumstances that would reasonably lead to material claims against it, in connection with the MEPPs in which it participates. There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will not be assessed liabilities in the future, including in the form of a surcharge on future benefit contributions. The amount the Company could be obligated to pay or contribute in the future cannot be estimated, as these amounts are based on future levels of work of the union employees covered by these plans, investment returns and the level of underfunding of such plans.
Indemnities. The Company generally indemnifies its customers for the services it provides under its contracts, as well as other specified liabilities, which may subject the Company to indemnity claims, liabilities and related litigation. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company was not aware of any material asserted or unasserted claims in connection with these indemnity obligations.
Other Guarantees. In the ordinary course of its business, from time to time, MasTec guarantees the obligations of its subsidiaries, including obligations under certain contracts with customers, certain lease obligations and in some states, obligations in connection with obtaining contractors’ licenses. MasTec has also issued performance and other guarantees in connection with certain of its equity investments. MasTec also generally warrants the work it performs for a one to two year period following substantial completion of a project. Much of the work performed by the Company is evaluated for defects shortly after the work is completed. Warranty claims are not, and have historically not been, material. However, if warranty claims occur, the Company could be required to repair or replace warrantied items, or, if customers elect to repair or replace the warrantied item using the services of another provider, the Company could be required to pay for the cost of the repair or replacement.
Concentrations of Risk. The Company had approximately 320 customers for the three month period ended March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, three customers each accounted for approximately 23%, 15% and 12%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position, which represents accounts receivable, net, less BIEC. As of December 31, 2018, three customers each accounted for approximately 26%, 18% and 12%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net accounts receivable position. In addition, the Company derived 62% and 74%, respectively, of its revenue from its top ten customers for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Note 15Related Party Transactions
MasTec purchases, rents and leases equipment and purchases various types of supplies and services used in its business from a number of different vendors on a non-exclusive basis, and from time to time, rents equipment to certain entities, including entities that are associated with members of subsidiary management. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, related party lease payments to such entities for operational facilities and equipment totaled approximately $14.7 million and $7.5 million, respectively. Payables associated with these related party lease arrangements were de minimis as of March 31, 2019, and totaled approximately $1.5 million as of December 31, 2018. Additionally, payments to such related party entities for various types of supplies and services, including ancillary construction services, project-related site restoration and marketing and business development activities, totaled approximately $13.8 million and $9.0 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, related amounts payable totaled approximately $3.7 million and $15.8 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, receivables from equipment rentals to such related parties totaled approximately $0.2 million, which amount was collected in the first quarter of 2019.
The Company has an arrangement to perform certain construction services for two entities, of which a member of subsidiary management is a minority owner. Revenue from these arrangements totaled approximately $0.3 million and $2.7 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Related amounts receivable, net of BIEC, totaled approximately $0.2 million and $0.1 million as of March 31, 2019 and

21



December 31, 2018, respectively. In February 2018, MasTec acquired a construction management firm specializing in steel building systems, of which Juan Carlos Mas, who is the brother of Jorge Mas, Chairman of MasTec’s Board of Directors, and José R. Mas, MasTec’s Chief Executive Officer, was a minority owner, for approximately $6.1 million in cash and an estimated earn-out liability of approximately $1.4 million, net, as adjusted. The net assets acquired included notes payable to the former owners totaling approximately $2.6 million and accrued interest of approximately $0.1 million, which amounts were subsequently repaid. Amounts outstanding for advances made by the Company on behalf of this entity totaled approximately $1.0 million as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, which amount is expected to be settled under customary terms associated with the related purchase agreement.
The Company rents and leases equipment and purchases equipment supplies and servicing from CCI, in which it has a 15% equity investment. Juan Carlos Mas serves as the chairman of CCI, and a member of management of a MasTec subsidiary is a minority owner. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, MasTec paid CCI approximately $6.0 million and $5.9 million, net of rebates, respectively, related to these arrangements. Amounts payable to CCI, net of rebates receivable, totaled approximately $6.3 million and $4.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The Company has also rented equipment to CCI. There was no revenue from equipment rentals to CCI in either of the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 or 2018. As of December 31, 2018, amounts receivable from equipment rentals to CCI totaled approximately $0.3 million, which amount was collected in the first quarter of 2019.
MasTec has a subcontracting arrangement with an entity for the performance of construction services, the minority owners of which include an entity controlled by Jorge Mas and José R. Mas, along with two members of management of a MasTec subsidiary. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, MasTec incurred approximately $1.6 million and $5.0 million, respectively, of expenses under this subcontracting arrangement. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, related amounts payable totaled approximately $1.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
MasTec leases employees to a customer in which Jorge Mas and José R. Mas own a majority interest. For both the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, MasTec charged approximately $0.2 million to this customer. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, outstanding receivables related to this employee leasing arrangement totaled approximately $0.3 million. The Company also provides satellite communication services to this customer. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, revenue from satellite communication services provided to this customer totaled approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, amounts receivable from this arrangement totaled approximately $0.3 million.
MasTec has a leasing arrangement for an aircraft that is owned by an entity that Jorge Mas owns. For the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, MasTec paid approximately $0.7 million and $0.5 million, respectively, related to this leasing arrangement. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, related amounts payable were de minimis.
The Company’s Pacer subsidiary has a subcontracting arrangement with a contractual joint venture in which it holds a 35% undivided interest. Revenue recognized by the Company in connection with this arrangement totaled approximately $0.3 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2018, and as of December 31, 2018, related accounts receivable, net of BIEC, was de minimis. There was no activity for three month period ended March 31, 2019. Outstanding performance guarantees on behalf of this contractual joint venture, for which the related project was almost fully complete as of March 31, 2019, totaled Canadian $26.4 million as of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (or approximately $19.8 million and $19.4 million, respectively). For three month period ended March 31, 2019, there was no project-related financing provided to this contractual joint venture, and for the three month period ended March 31, 2018, project-related financing totaled approximately $0.6 million.
Non-controlling interests in entities consolidated by the Company represent ownership interests held by members of management of certain of the Company’s subsidiaries, primarily in the Company’s Oil and Gas segment. The Company made distributions of earnings to holders of its non-controlling interests of $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2018, which related to amounts earned during 2017.
Split Dollar Agreements
The Company has split dollar life insurance agreements with trusts of which Jorge Mas or José R. Mas is a trustee, for which there were no payments made in either of the three month periods ended March 31, 2019 or 2018. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, life insurance assets associated with these agreements totaled approximately $18.5 million.
Note 16Supplemental Guarantor Condensed Unaudited Consolidating Financial Information
The 4.875% Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, unsubordinated, joint and several basis by certain of the Company’s existing and future 100%-owned direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries that are, as of March 31, 2019, each guarantors of the Credit Facility or other outstanding indebtedness (the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”). The Company’s subsidiaries organized outside of the United States and certain domestic subsidiaries (collectively, the “Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”) do not guarantee these notes. A Guarantor Subsidiary’s guarantee is subject to release in certain customary circumstances, including upon the sale of a majority of the capital stock or substantially all of the assets of such Guarantor Subsidiary; if the Guarantor Subsidiary’s guarantee under the Company’s Credit Facility and other indebtedness is released or discharged (other than due to payment under such guarantee); or when the requirements for legal defeasance are satisfied or the obligations are discharged in accordance with the related indentures.
The following supplemental financial information sets forth the condensed unaudited consolidating balance sheets and the condensed unaudited consolidating statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) and cash flows for MasTec, Inc., the Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis, the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis and the eliminations necessary to arrive at the information for the Company as reported on a consolidated basis. Eliminations represent adjustments to eliminate investments in subsidiaries and intercompany balances and transactions between or among MasTec, Inc., the Guarantor Subsidiaries and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries.  Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for using the equity method for this presentation.

22



CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (in millions)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
1,402.4

 
$
139.1

 
$
(23.2
)
 
$
1,518.3

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 
1,200.7

 
134.5

 
(23.2
)
 
1,312.0

Depreciation and amortization

 
54.7

 
4.3

 

 
59.0

General and administrative expenses
0.8

 
67.3

 
4.5

 

 
72.6

Interest expense (income), net

 
37.7

 
(15.4
)
 

 
22.3

Equity in losses (earnings) of unconsolidated affiliates

 
0.1

 
(6.3
)
 

 
(6.3
)
Other expense (income), net

 
5.0

 
(1.5
)
 

 
3.5

(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(0.8
)
 
$
36.9

 
$
19.0

 
$

 
$
55.1

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.3

 
(12.0
)
 
(0.3
)


 
(12.0
)
Net (loss) income before equity in income from subsidiaries
$
(0.5
)
 
$
24.9

 
$
18.7

 
$

 
$
43.1

Equity in income from subsidiaries, net of tax
43.7

 

 

 
(43.7
)
 

Net income (loss)
$
43.2

 
$
24.9

 
$
18.7

 
$
(43.7
)
 
$
43.1

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 
(0.0
)
 

 
(0.0
)
Net income (loss) attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
43.2

 
$
24.9

 
$
18.7

 
$
(43.7
)
 
$
43.1

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
37.5

 
$
24.9

 
$
13.2

 
$
(38.1
)
 
$
37.5


For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Revenue
$

 
$
1,265.6

 
$
185.6

 
$
(54.4
)
 
$
1,396.8

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 
1,136.2

 
155.5

 
(54.4
)
 
1,237.3

Depreciation and amortization

 
43.3

 
6.6

 

 
49.9

General and administrative expenses
0.8

 
59.2

 
3.6

 

 
63.6

Interest expense (income), net

 
32.9

 
(15.8
)
 

 
17.1

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

 
(5.6
)
 

 
(5.6
)
Other income, net

 
(2.6
)
 
(0.5
)
 

 
(3.1
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(0.8
)
 
$
(3.4
)
 
$
41.8

 
$

 
$
37.6

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.2

 
0.8

 
(12.1
)
 

 
(11.1
)
Net (loss) income before equity in income from subsidiaries
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
29.7

 
$

 
$
26.5

Equity in income from subsidiaries, net of tax
27.1

 

 

 
(27.1
)
 

Net income (loss)
$
26.5

 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
29.7

 
$
(27.1
)
 
$
26.5

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.1
)
Net income (loss) attributable to MasTec, Inc.
$
26.5

 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
29.8

 
$
(27.1
)
 
$
26.6

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
33.8

 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
36.8

 
$
(34.3
)
 
$
33.7




23



CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS (in millions)
As of March 31, 2019
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current assets
$

 
$
2,046.3

 
$
278.9

 
$
(63.1
)
 
$
2,262.1

Property and equipment, net

 
756.6

 
42.9

 

 
799.5

Operating lease assets

 
205.2

 
17.9

 

 
223.1

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net

 
1,251.5

 
82.2

 

 
1,333.7

Investments in and advances to consolidated affiliates, net
1,414.7

 
1,166.3

 
791.0

 
(3,372.0
)
 

Other long-term assets
16.9

 
35.2

 
189.8

 

 
242.0

Total assets
$
1,431.6

 
$
5,461.1

 
$
1,402.7

 
$
(3,435.1
)
 
$
4,860.4

Liabilities and equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
$

 
$
1,169.3

 
$
156.4

 
$
(63.1
)
 
$
1,262.7

Long-term debt, including finance leases

 
1,534.7

 
4.6

 

 
1,539.3

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 
139.9

 
14.0

 

 
153.9

Other long-term liabilities

 
459.7

 
11.1

 

 
470.9

Total liabilities
$

 
$
3,303.6

 
$
186.1

 
$
(63.1
)
 
$
3,426.7

Total equity
$
1,431.6

 
$
2,157.5

 
$
1,216.6

 
$
(3,372.0
)
 
$
1,433.7

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,431.6

 
$
5,461.1

 
$
1,402.7

 
$
(3,435.1
)
 
$
4,860.4


As of December 31, 2018
MasTec, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
MasTec, Inc.
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current assets
$

 
$
1,993.0

 
$
248.5

 
$
(72.5
)
 
$
2,169.0

Property and equipment, net

 
699.2

 
48.6

 

 
747.8

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net

 
1,188.0

 
81.7

 

 
1,269.7

Investments in and advances to consolidated affiliates, net
1,373.1

 
1,138.4

 
816.9

 
(3,328.4
)
 

Other long-term assets
16.8

 
42.0

 
194.6

 

 
253.4

Total assets
$
1,389.9

 
$
5,060.6

 
$
1,390.3

 
$
(3,400.9
)