10-Q 1 naii20220930_10q.htm FORM 10-Q naii20220930_10q.htm
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Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 


  FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022 

 

 or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to             .

 

 

000-15701

(Commission file number)

 


NATURAL ALTERNATIVES INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

84-1007839

(State of incorporation)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

  

1535 Faraday Ave

Carlsbad, CA 92008

(760) 736-7700

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Registrants telephone number)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

NAII

Nasdaq Stock Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that NAI was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     ☒  Yes     ☐  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that NAI was required to submit and post such files).    ☒  Yes     ☐  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Emerging Growth Company

      

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ☒ No

 

As of November 9, 2022, 6,061,533 shares of NAI's common stock were outstanding, net of 3,129,873 treasury shares.

 

  

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   

Page

     

SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

1

   

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
     

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 
     
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

2
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

3
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders Equity

4
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

5
 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6
     

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17
     

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

22
     

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

23
     

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

23
     

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

23
     

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

23
     

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

23
     

Item 5.

Other Information

23
     

Item 6.

Exhibits

24
     

SIGNATURES

  25

 

 

  

SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Certain statements in this report, including information incorporated by reference, are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect current views about future events and financial performance based on certain assumptions. They include opinions, forecasts, intentions, plans, goals, projections, guidance, expectations, beliefs, or other statements that are not statements of historical fact. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “approximate,” “predict,” “forecast,” “project,”, “future”, or “likely”, or the negative or other variation of such words, and similar expressions may identify a statement as a forward-looking statement. Any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our business, our goals, strategies, focus and plans, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including statements expressing general optimism or pessimism about future operating results, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this report may include statements about:

 

 

our ability to develop market acceptance for and increase sales of new products, develop relationships with new customers and maintain or improve existing customer relationships;

 

the impact, of the Covid-19 Pandemic (“COVID-19”) and other external factors both within and outside of our control, on our business and results in operations including variations in our quarterly net sales, our employees, supply chain, vendors and customers;

 

future financial and operating results, including projections of net sales, revenue, income or loss, net income or loss per share, profit margins, expenditures, liquidity, and other financial items;

 

our ability to maintain or increase our patent and trademark licensing revenues;

 

our ability to attract and retain sufficient labor to successfully execute our business strategies and achieve our goals and objectives;

 

inventory levels, including the adequacy of quality raw material and other inventory levels to meet future customer demand, in particular assumptions regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

our ability to price our products to achieve profit margin targets, especially in the current volatile raw material and labor environment;

 

our ability to protect our intellectual property;

 

future economic and political conditions, including implementation of new or increased tariffs;

 

our ability to improve operating efficiencies, manage costs and business risks, and improve or maintain profitability;

 

currency exchange rates and their effect on our results of operations (including amounts that we may reclassify as earnings), the availability of foreign exchange facilities, our ability to effectively hedge against foreign exchange risks and the extent to which we may seek to hedge against such risks;

 

the outcome of litigation, regulatory and tax matters we may become involved in, the costs associated with such matters and the effect of such matters on our business and results of operations;

 

sources, availability and quality of raw materials, including the limited number of suppliers of beta-alanine meeting our quality requirements;

 

the future adequacy and intended use of our facilities;

 

potential manufacturing and distribution channels, product returns, and potential product recalls;

 

future customer orders;

 

the impact of external factors on our business and results of operations, especially, for example, variations in quarterly net sales from seasonal and other external factors;

 

our ability to operate within the standards set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs);

 

our ability to successfully expand our operations, including outside the United States (U.S.);

 

the adequacy of our financial reserves and allowances;

 

the sufficiency of our available cash, cash equivalents, and potential cash flows from our operations to fund our working capital and capital expenditure needs through the next 12 months and longer;

 

the impact of accounting pronouncements and our adoption of certain accounting guidance; and

 

other assumptions described in this Report underlying or relating to any forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-looking statements in this Report speak only as of the date of this Report based on information available to us at that time and caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain future events, risks, and uncertainties that are or may be outside of our control. When considering forward-looking statements, you should carefully review the risks, uncertainties and other cautionary statements in this Report as they identify certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. These factors include, among others, the risks described under Item 1A of Part I of our fiscal 2022 Annual Report, as well as in other reports and documents we have filed and will file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

 

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data)

 

  

September 30,

2022

  

June 30, 2022

 

Assets

 

(Unaudited)

     

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $12,341  $21,833 

Accounts receivable – less allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,359 at September 30, 2022 and $3,383 at June 30, 2022

  14,822   17,422 

Inventories, net

  39,990   32,475 

Income tax receivable

  445   67 

Forward contracts

  4,441   3,144 

Prepaids and other current assets

  2,365   1,805 

Total current assets

  74,404   76,746 

Property and equipment, net

  51,384   44,573 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

  21,136   21,701 

Other noncurrent assets, net

  2,644   2,983 

Total assets

 $149,568  $146,003 

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

        

Current liabilities:

        

Accounts payable

 $17,659  $16,185 

Accrued liabilities

  2,355   2,787 

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

  2,555   3,673 

Customer deposits

  108   140 

Income taxes payable

  335   174 

Forward contracts

  67    

Mortgage note payable, current portion

  305   302 

Line of credit

  3,400    

Total current liabilities

  26,784   23,261 
         

Long-term liability – operating leases

  21,144   22,047 

Long-term pension liability

  369   344 

Deferred tax liability

  1,006   1,220 

Mortgage note payable, net of current portion

  9,422   9,493 

Income taxes payable, noncurrent

  987   1,118 

Total liabilities

  59,712   57,483 

Commitments and contingencies (Notes E, F, and L)

          

Stockholders’ equity:

        

Preferred stock; $.01 par value; 500,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

      

Common stock; $.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized at September 30, 2022 and June 30, 2022, issued and outstanding (net of treasury shares) 6,082,816 at September 30, 2022 and 6,129,611 at June 30, 2022

  89   89 

Additional paid-in capital

  30,658   30,423 

Retained earnings

  78,714   77,661 

Treasury stock, at cost, 3,108,590 shares at September 30, 2022 and 3,061,795 at June 30, 2022

  (21,849

)

  (21,352

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

  2,244   1,699 

Total stockholders’ equity

  89,856   88,520 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 $149,568  $146,003 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Three Months Ended

 
  

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

Net sales

 $43,127  $38,340 

Cost of goods sold

  37,756   30,059 

Gross profit

  5,371   8,281 

Selling, general and administrative

  3,829   4,053 
         

Income from operations

  1,542   4,228 
         

Other expense:

        

Interest income

  4    

Interest expense

  (75

)

  (13

)

Foreign exchange loss

  (147

)

  (6

)

Other, net

  (6

)

  (7

)

Total other expense

  (224

)

  (26

)

         

Income before income taxes

  1,318   4,202 

Provision for income taxes

  265   946 

Net income

 $1,053  $3,256 
         

Unrealized gain resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

  545   954 
         

Comprehensive income

 $1,598  $4,210 
         

Net income per common share:

        

Basic

 $0.18  $0.52 

Diluted

 $0.18  $0.51 
         

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

  5,919,649   6,287,627 

Diluted

  5,943,446   6,351,345 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

Three-Month Period Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

(Dollars in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Common Stock

  

Additional
Paid-in

  

Retained

  

Treasury Stock

  

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

     
  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Income (Loss)

  

Total

 

Balance, June 30, 2022

  9,191,406  $89  $30,423  $77,661   3,061,795  $(21,352

)

 $1,699  $88,520 

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        235               235 

Repurchase of common stock

              46,795   (497

)

     (497)

Unrealized gain resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    545   545 

Net income

           1,053            1,053 

Balance, September 30, 2022

  9,191,406  $89  $30,658  $78,714   3,108,590  $(21,849

)

 $2,244  $89,856 
                                 

Balance, June 30, 2021

  9,004,365  $88  $29,456  $66,949   2,567,797  $(15,849

)

 $(561

)

 $80,083 

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        222               222 

Repurchase of common stock

              692   (10

)

     (10)

Forfeiture of restricted stock

              16,332          

Unrealized gain resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    954   954 

Net income

           3,256            3,256 

Balance, September 30, 2021

  9,004,365  $88  $29,678  $70,205   2,584,821  $(15,859

)

 $393  $84,505 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

Cash flows from operating activities

        

Net income

 $1,053  $3,256 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

        

(Recovery of) provision for uncollectible accounts receivable

  (24

)

  67 

Depreciation and amortization

  956   1,092 

Non-cash compensation

  235   222 

Non-cash lease expenses

  454   725 

Pension expense, net of contributions

  25   9 

Gain on disposal of assets

     (6

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

        

Accounts receivable

  2,625   (2,366

)

Inventories, net

  (7,515

)

  (4,703

)

Prepaids and other assets

  (719

)

  (101

)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  1,010   343 

Forward contracts

  (33

)

  (1,126

)

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

  (1,119

)

  (1,894

)

Operating lease liabilities

  (792

)

  (804

)

Income taxes

  (716

)

  1,510 

Net cash used in operating activities

  (4,560

)

  (3,776

)

         

Cash flows from investing activities

        

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     25 

Purchases of property and equipment

  (7,767

)

  (18,344

)

Net cash used in investing activities

  (7,767

)

  (18,319

)

         

Cash flows from financing activities

        

Net borrowings on line of credit

  3,400    

(Payments) borrowings on long-term debt

  (68

)

  10,000 

Repurchase of common stock

  (497

)

  (10

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

  2,835   9,990 
         

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

  (9,492

)

  (12,105

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

  21,833   32,133 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 $12,341  $20,028 
         

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

        

Cash paid during the period for:

        

Interest

 $75  $13 

Taxes

 $827  $303 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

A. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and with applicable rules and regulations. Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. In management’s opinion, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows have been included and are of a normal, recurring nature. The results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or for any future periods.

 

You should read the financial statements and these notes, which notes are an integral part of the financial statements, together with our audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 (“2022 Annual Report”). The accounting policies used to prepare the financial statements included in this Report are the same policies described in the notes to the consolidated financial statements in our 2022 Annual Report unless otherwise noted below.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

We did not adopt any accounting pronouncements during the three months ended September 30, 2022.

 

Recently Issued Accounting and Regulatory Pronouncements

 

Other recently issued accounting pronouncements are not discussed in this Report as such pronouncements did not have, and are not believed by management to have, a material impact on our present or future financial statements.

 

Net Income per Common Share

 

We compute net income per common share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, and diluted net income per common share using the additional dilutive effect of all dilutive securities. The dilutive impact of stock options and unvested restricted shares account for the additional weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for our diluted net income per common share computation. We calculated basic and diluted net income per common share as follows (in thousands, except per share data):

 

  

Three Months Ended

 
  

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

Numerator

        

Net income

 $1,053  $3,256 
         

Denominator

        

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

  5,920   6,288 

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

  23   63 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

  5,943   6,351 
         

Basic net income per common share

 $0.18  $0.52 
         

Diluted net income per common share

 $0.18  $0.51 

 

6

 

We excluded 50,377 shares of restricted stock and no shares related to stock options for the three months ended September 30, 2022, as their impact would have been anti-dilutive. We did not exclude any stock options or restrictive stock shares for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as none would have had an anti-dilutive impact.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We record revenue based on a five-step model which includes: (1) identifying a contract with a customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determining the transaction price; (4) allocating the transaction price among the performance obligations; and (5) recognizing revenue as each of the various performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Revenue is measured as the net amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for fulfilling one or more performance obligations. We identify purchase orders from customers as contracts. The amount of consideration expected to be received and revenue recognized includes estimates of variable consideration, including estimates for early payment discounts and volume rebates. Such estimates are calculated using historical averages adjusted for any expected changes due to current business conditions and experience. We review and update these estimates at the end of each reporting period and the impact of any adjustments is recognized in the period the adjustments are identified. In assessing whether collection of consideration from a customer is probable, we consider both the customer's ability and intent to pay that amount of consideration when it is due. Payment of invoices is due as specified in the underlying customer agreement, which is typically 30 days from the invoice date. Invoices are generally issued on the date of transfer of control of the products ordered to the customer.

 

Revenue is recognized at the point in time that each of our performance obligations is fulfilled, and control of the ordered products is transferred to the customer. This transfer occurs when the product is shipped, or in some cases, when the product is delivered to the customer.

 

We recognize revenue in certain circumstances before delivery to the customer has occurred (commonly referred to as bill-and-hold transactions). Products sold under bill-and-hold arrangements are recorded as revenue when risk of ownership has been transferred to the customer, but the product has not shipped due to a substantive reason, typically at the customer’s request. The product must be separately identified as belonging to the customer, ready for physical transfer to the customer, and we cannot have the ability to redirect the product to another customer.

 

Contract liabilities and revenue recognized were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

June 30, 2022

  

Additions

  

Revenue

Recognized

  

September

30, 2022

 

Contract Liabilities (Customer Deposits)

 $140   108  $(140)  108 

 

  

June 30, 2021

  

Additions

  

Revenue

Recognized

  

September

30, 2021

 

Contract Liabilities (Customer Deposits)

 $1,721   1,941  $(1,721)  1,941 

 

We provide early payment discounts to certain customers. Based on historical payment trends, we expect that these customers will take advantage of these early payment discounts. The cost of these discounts is reported as a reduction to the transaction price. If the actual discounts differ from those estimated, the difference is also reported as a change in the transaction price. We require prepayment from certain customers. We record any payments received in advance of contracts fulfillment as a contract liability and classified as customer deposits on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

Except for product defects, no right of return exists on the sale of our products. We estimate returns based on historical experience and recognize a returns liability for any estimated returns. As of September 30, 2022, we have no estimated returns liability.

 

We currently own certain U.S. patents, and each patent’s corresponding foreign patent applications. All of these patents and patent rights relate to the ingredient known as beta-alanine marketed and sold under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names. We recorded beta-alanine raw material sales and royalty and licensing income as a component of revenue in the amount of $1.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2022. We similarly recorded $4.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021. These royalty income and raw material sale amounts resulted in royalty expense paid to the original patent holders from whom NAI acquired its patents and patent rights. We recognized royalty expense as a component of cost of goods sold in the amount of $27,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2022. We recorded $200,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2021.

 

7

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Board of Directors approved our current omnibus equity incentive plan that became effective January 1, 2021 (the “2020 Plan”), which was approved by our stockholders at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on December 4, 2020. Under the 2020 Plan, we may grant nonqualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock grants, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, and other stock-based awards to employees, non-employee directors and consultants.

 

We did not grant any options during the three month periods ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021. No options were exercised during the three month periods ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021. There were no option forfeitures during the three month periods ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2022, we did not have any stock options outstanding.

 

We did not grant any restricted stock shares during the three months ended September 30, 2022 or September 30, 2021. No restricted stock shares were forfeited during the three months ended September 30, 2022. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, 16,332 restricted stock shares were forfeited. Our net income included stock-based compensation expense in connection with prior restricted stock grants of approximately $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Our net income included stock based compensation expense in connection with the vesting of prior restricted stock grants of approximately $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021.

 

Deferred Compensation Plan

 

Effective July 16, 2020, the Board of Directors approved and adopted a Non-Qualified Incentive Plan (the “Incentive Plan”). Pursuant to the Incentive Plan, the Human Resources Committee and the Board of Directors may make deferred cash payments or other cash awards (“Awards”) to directors, officers, employees and eligible consultants of NAI, (“Participants”). These Awards are made subject to conditions precedent that must be met before NAI is obligated to make the payment. The purpose of the Incentive Plan is to enhance the long-term stockholder value of NAI by providing the Human Resources Committee and the Board of Directors the ability to make deferred cash payments or other cash awards to encourage Participants to serve NAI or to remain in the service of NAI, or to assist NAI to achieve results determined by the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors to be in NAI's best interest.

 

The Incentive Plan authorizes the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors to grant to, and administer, unsecured and deferred cash Awards to Participants and to subject each Award to whatever conditions are determined appropriate by the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors. The terms of each Award, including the amount and any conditions that must be met to be entitled to payment of the Award are set forth in an Award Agreement between each Participant and NAI. The Incentive Plan provides the Board of Directors with the discretion to set aside assets to fund the Incentive Plan although that has not been done to date.

 

No deferred cash awards were granted during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021. No deferred cash awards were forfeited during the three months ended September 30, 2022. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, awards totaling $191,000 were forfeited.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Except for cash and cash equivalents, as of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, we did not have any financial assets or liabilities classified as Level 1. We classify derivative forward exchange and interest rate swap contracts as Level 2 assets and liabilities. The fair values were determined by obtaining pricing from our bank and corroborating those values with a third party bank or pricing service.

 

8

 

Fair value of derivative instruments classified as Level 2 assets and liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

  

September 30,

2022

  

June 30,

2022

 

Euro Forward Contract– Current Assets

 $4,441  $3,144 

Swiss Franc Forward Contract – Current Assets

     109 

Total Derivative Contracts – Current Assets

  4,441   3,253 
         

Interest Swap – Other noncurrent Assets

  627   453 

Euro Forward Contract– Other noncurrent Assets

     561 

Total Derivative Contracts – Other noncurrent Assets

  627   1,014 
         

Swiss Franc Forward Contract – Current Liabilities

  (67

)

   

Total Derivative Contracts – Current Liabilities

  (67

)

   
         

Fair Value Net Asset – all Derivative Contracts

 $5,001  $4,267 

 

We also classify any outstanding line of credit and term loan balance as a Level 2 liability. As of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, we did not have any financial assets or liabilities classified as Level 3. We did not transfer any assets or liabilities between these levels during fiscal 2022 or the three months ended September 30, 2022. 

  

 

B. Inventories, net

 

Inventories, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

  

September 30,

2022

  

June 30,

2022

 

Raw materials

 $31,752  $28,196 

Work in progress

  5,736   1,948 

Finished goods

  3,086   2,842 

Reserve

  (584

)

  (511

)

  $39,990  $32,475 

  

 

C. Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

Depreciable Life

In Years

  

September 30,

2022

  

June 30,

2022

 

Land

NA

  $7,645  $7,645 

Building and building improvements

7-39   22,617   17,415 

Machinery and equipment

3-12   42,301   40,131 

Office equipment and furniture

3-5   5,986   5,970 

Vehicles

 3    211   211 

Leasehold improvements

1-15   22,005   21,626 

Total property and equipment

      100,765   92,998 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

      (49,381

)

  (48,425

)

Property and equipment, net

     $51,384  $44,573 

 

Depreciation expense was approximately $1.0 million for the three month period ended  September 30, 2022 and $1.1 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2021.

 

9

  
 

D. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI” and “OCL”) consisted of the following during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

     
  

September 30, 2022

     
  

 

  

Unrealized

  

Unrealized

     
  Defined  Gains  Gains     
  

Benefit

  

(Losses) on

  

(Losses) on

     
  

Pension

  

Cash Flow

  

Swap

     
  

Plan

  

Hedges

  

Derivative

  

Total

 

Beginning Balance

 $(444

)

 $1,795  $348  $1,699 

OCI/OCL before reclassifications

     1,788   174   1,962 

Amounts reclassified from OCI to Sales

     (1,262)     (1,262

)

Tax effect of OCI activity

     (118

)

  (37

)

  (155

)

Net current period OCI/OCL

     408   137   545 
                 

Ending Balance

 $(444

)

 $2,203  $485  $2,244 

 

   Three Months Ended      
   September 30, 2021     
      Unrealized   Unrealized     
  Defined  Gains  Gains     
  Benefit  (Losses) on  (Losses) on     
  Pension  Cash Flow  Swap     
  Plan  Hedges  Derivative  Total 

Beginning Balance

 $(538

)

 $(23

)

 $  $(561)

OCI/OCL before reclassifications

     1,389      1,389 

Amounts reclassified from OCI to Sales

     (146)     (146

)

Tax effect of OCI activity

     (289

)

     (289

)

Net current period OCI/OCL

     954      954 
                 

Ending Balance

 $(538

)

 $931  $   393 

  

 

E. Leases

 

We currently lease our Vista, CA and Lugano, Switzerland product manufacturing and support facilities.

 

Leases are classified as operating leases. Substantially all our operating leases are comprised of payments for the use of manufacturing and office space. We have no leases classified as finance leases. As of September 30, 2022, the weighted average remaining lease term for our operating leases was 6.1 years and the weighted average discount rate for our operating leases was 4.13%. As of June 30, 2022, the weighted average remaining lease term for our operating leases was 6.3 years and the weighted average discount rate was 4.12%.

 

10

 

Other information related to leases as of September 30, 2022, was as follows (in thousands):

 

Supplemental Cash Flows Information

 

Three Months Ended

September 30, 2022

  

Three Months Ended

September 30, 2021

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities

 $811  $811 

Operating lease liabilities arising from obtaining Right of Use Assets for new leases

      

  

 

F. Debt

 

On May 24, 2021, we entered into a new credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A (“Wells Fargo”) to extend the maturity for our working line of credit from November 1, 2022 to May 24, 2024. This new credit facility provides total lending capacity of up to $20.0 million and allows us to use the credit facility for working capital as well as potential acquisitions. On August 18, 2021, we entered into an amendment of our credit facility with Wells Fargo. The amended credit facility added a $10.0 million term loan to the existing $20.0 million credit facility, and permitted us to use the $10.0 million term loan as part of the $17.5 million purchase consideration for the acquisition of our new manufacturing and warehouse property in Carlsbad, California. The amended credit agreement also increased the allowed capital expenditures from $10.0 million to $15.0 million for fiscal 2022, (exclusive of the amount paid for the acquisition of the new Carlsbad property noted above). In addition, the new credit notes now reflect a change in the interest rate reference from LIBOR to Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR). The Credit Agreement was amended and a new Revolving Line of Credit Note, and Security Agreement were entered into. A Term Note and real property security documents were added to secure the Term Note by the new Carlsbad property. Additionally, we entered into a second amendment to our credit facility with Wells Fargo on February 8, 2022 that was effective January 31, 2022 and modified the annual limit imposed upon our ability to repurchase stock and issue dividends. This amendment increased this limit from $5.0 million annually to $7.0 million annually. Effective September 19, 2022, we entered into a third amendment to our credit facility with Wells Fargo. The third amendment extends the maturity date from May 24, 2024 to May 23, 2025 and also increased the allowed capital expenditures from $7.5 million to $25.0 million for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2023.

 

11

 

Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, borrowings are subject to eligibility requirements including maintaining (i) a ratio of total liabilities to tangible net worth of not greater than 1.50 to 1.0 at any time; (ii) a ratio of total current assets to total current liabilities of not less than 1.75 to 1.0 at each fiscal quarter end (iii) net income after taxes not less than $1.00, determined on a trailing four quarter basis with no two consecutive quarterly losses, determined as of each quarter end and (iv) a rolling 4-quarter fixed charge coverage ratio not less than 1.25 to 1.0 as of each fiscal quarter end. The credit agreement also includes a limitation on the amount of capital expenditures that can be made in a given fiscal year, with such limitation set at $25.0 million for our fiscal year ending June 30, 2023 and $7.5 million for all fiscal years thereafter. Any amounts outstanding under the line of credit will bear interest at a fixed or fluctuating interest rate as elected by us from time to time; provided, however, that if the outstanding principal amount is less than $100,000 such amount shall bear interest at the then applicable fluctuating rate of interest. If elected, the fluctuating rate per annum would be equal to 1.29% above the daily simple SOFR rate as in effect from time to time. If a fixed rate is elected, it would equal a per annum rate of 1.29% above the SOFR rolling 30-day average rate in effect on the first day of the applicable fixed rate term. Any amounts outstanding under the line of credit must be paid in full on or before the maturity date. Amounts outstanding that are subject to a fluctuating interest rate may be prepaid at any time without penalty. Amounts outstanding that are subject to a fixed interest rate may be prepaid at any time in minimum amounts of $100,000, subject to a prepayment fee equal to the sum of the discounted monthly differences between payment under a fixed rate versus payment under the variable rate for each month from the month of prepayment through the month in which the then applicable fixed rate term matures. There is an unused commitment fee of 0.125% required as part of the line of credit.

 

The Term Note used as part of the purchase consideration of our new manufacturing and warehouse property in Carlsbad California referenced above, is for the original principal amount of $10.0 million, and is a seven year term note with payments fully amortized based on a twenty five year assumed term. Installment payments under this loan commenced October 1, 2021 and continue through August 1, 2028 with a final installment consisting of all remaining amounts due to be paid in full on September 1, 2028. Amounts outstanding on this note during the term of the agreement will bear interest equal to 1.8% above the SOFR rolling 30-day average. In connection with our term loan, we entered into an interest rate swap with Wells Fargo that effectively fixes our interest rate on our term loan at 2.4% for the first three years of the term of the note.

 

Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by our accounts receivable and other rights to payment, general intangibles, inventory, equipment and fixtures. We also have credit approval with Wells Fargo Bank, which allows us to hedge foreign currency exposures up to 30 months in the future. We also have credit approval with Bank of America which allows us to hedge foreign currency exposures up to 24 months in the future.

 

On September 30, 2022, we were in compliance with all of the financial and other covenants required under the Amended Credit Agreement.

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had $3.4 million outstanding on our credit facility and $16.6 million available for borrowing under our credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank.

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had $9.7 million outstanding under the Term Note used in the purchase of the warehouse in August 2021.

  

 

G. Economic Dependency

 

We had substantial net sales to certain customers during the periods shown in the following table. The loss of any of these customers, or a significant decline in (i) sales to these customers, (ii) the growth rate of sales to these customers, or (iii) these customers’ ability to make payments when due, each individually could have a material adverse impact on our net sales and net income. Net sales to any one customer representing 10% or more of the respective period's consolidated net sales were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 
         

Customer 1

 $15,152  $13,296 

Customer 2

  15,005   4,349 

Customer 3

  6,328   7,386 

Customer 4

 

(a)

   4,327 
  $36,485  $29,358 

 

(a)

Sales were less than 10% of the respective period’s total net sales.

 

Accounts receivable from these customers totaled $11.9 million at September 30, 2022 and $10.7 million at June 30, 2022.

 

12

 

We buy certain products, including beta-alanine, from a limited number of raw material suppliers who meet our quality standards. The loss of any of these suppliers could have a material adverse impact on our net sales and net income. Raw material purchases from any one supplier representing 10% or more of the respective period’s total raw material purchases were as follows (dollars in thousands):

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 
         

Supplier 1

 $2,832  $3,368 

Supplier 2

 

(a)

   2,060 
  $2,832   5,428 

 

(a)

Sales were less than 10% of the respective period’s total raw material purchases.

  

 

H. Segment Information

 

Our business consists of two segments for financial reporting purposes. The two segments are identified as (i) private-label contract manufacturing, which primarily relates to the provision of private-label contract manufacturing services to companies that market and distribute nutritional supplements and other health care products, and (ii) patent and trademark licensing, which primarily includes direct raw material sales and royalty income from our license and supply agreements associated with the sale and use of beta-alanine under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names.

 

We evaluate performance of these segments based on a number of factors. The primary performance measures for each segment are net sales and income or loss from operations before the allocation of certain corporate level expenses. Operating income or loss for each segment does not include corporate general and administrative expenses, interest expense and other miscellaneous income and expense items. Corporate general and administrative expenses include, but are not limited to human resources, corporate legal, finance, information technology, and other corporate level related expenses, which are not allocated to any segment. Transfers of raw materials between segments are recorded at cost. The accounting policies of our segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note A above and in the consolidated financial statements included in our 2022 Annual Report.

 

Our operating results by business segment were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

Net Sales

        

Private-label contract manufacturing

 $41,776  $33,594 

Patent and trademark licensing

  1,351   4,746 

Total Net Sales

 $43,127  $38,340 

 

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

Income from Operations

        

Private-label contract manufacturing

 $3,244  $3,700 

Patent and trademark licensing

  347   2,636 

Income from operations of reportable segments

  3,591   6,366 

Corporate expenses not allocated to segments

  (2,049

)

  (2,108

)

Total Income from Operations

 $1,542  $4,228 

 

  

September 30,

2022

  

June 30,

2022

 

Total Assets

        

Private-label contract manufacturing

 $120,263  $115,649 

Patent and trademark licensing

  29,305   30,354 
  $149,568  $146,003 

 

13

 

Our private-label contract manufacturing products are sold both in the U.S. and in markets outside the U.S., including Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico and Asia. Our primary markets outside the U.S. are Europe and Asia. Our patent and trademark licensing activities are primarily based in the U.S.

 

Net sales by geographic region, based on the customers’ location, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

United States

 $29,832  $23,495 

Markets outside of the United States

  13,295   14,845 

Total

 $43,127  $38,340 

 

Products manufactured by our Swiss subsidiary ("NAIE") accounted for 77% of net sales in markets outside the U.S. for the three months ended September 30, 2022. Products manufactured by our Swiss subsidiary ("NAIE") accounted for 80% of net sales in markets outside the U.S. for the three months ended September 30, 2021. No products manufactured by NAIE were sold in U.S. markets during the three month periods ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.

 

Long-lived assets by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

September 30, 2022

  

June 30, 2022

 

United States

 $50,732  $43,769 

Europe

  21,788   22,505 

Total Long-Lived Assets

 $72,520  $66,274 

 

Total assets by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

  

September 30, 2022

  

June 30, 2022

 

United States

 $93,248  $83,443 

Europe

  56,320   62,560 

Total Assets

 $149,568  $146,003 

 

Capital expenditures by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 
  

2022

  

2021

 

United States

 $7,720  $18,201 

Europe

  47   143 

Total Capital Expenditures

 $7,767  $18,344 

  

 

I. Income Taxes

 

To determine our quarterly provision for income taxes, we use an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions to which we are subject. Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur and can be a source of variability in the effective tax rate from quarter to quarter. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions, if any, as an income tax expense.

 

Our effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2022 was 20.1%. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was 22.5%. Our effective tax rates differ from the fiscal 2023 and fiscal 2022 U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to state income taxes.

 

We record valuation allowances to reduce our deferred tax assets to an amount we believe is more likely than not to be realized. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. During the three months ended September 30, 2022, there was no change to our valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets.

 

14

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates for each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled using the tax rates then in effect. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment date for such new rates.

 

We are subject to taxation in the U.S., Switzerland and various state jurisdictions. Our U.S. tax returns for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015 and forward are subject to examination by the U.S. tax authorities. Our state tax returns for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2018 and forward are subject to examination by the state tax authorities. Our Swiss tax returns for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 and forward are subject to examination by the Swiss tax authorities.

 

It is our policy to establish reserves based on management’s assessment of exposure for certain positions taken in previously filed tax returns that may become payable upon examination by tax authorities. Our tax reserves are analyzed quarterly, and adjustments are made as events occur that we believe warrant adjustments to those reserves. There were no adjustments to reserves in the three month period ended September 30, 2022.

 

On September 26, 2022, NAIE declared and paid a dividend to NAI in the amount of $7.4 million. As part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the Tax Act), we were required to recognize a one-time deemed repatriation transition tax during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 based on our total post-1986 earnings and profits (E&P) from NAIE. NAI paid the required 5% withholding tax to the Swiss tax authorities, which expense was already accrued as part of the Tax Act. U.S. taxes were recognized and paid as part of the Tax Act. We do not expect any additional US or Swiss tax liability as a result of this dividend.

  

 

J. Treasury Stock

 

We purchase shares under a stock repurchase plan (“Repurchase Plan”) authorized by the Board of Directors. The total authorized repurchase amount is $18.0 million. Under the Repurchase Plan, we may, from time to time, purchase shares of our common stock, depending upon market conditions, in open market or privately negotiated transactions.

 

Stock repurchases for the three months ended September 30, 2022 were as follows:

  

Shares

  

Average Cost

  

Total Cost (in

thousands)

 

Shares purchased under Repurchase Plan

  46,795  $10.62  $497 

Shares acquired in connection with stock option exercises

         

Shares acquired from employees for restricted stock vesting

         

Total

  46,795     $497 

 

Stock repurchases for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were as follows:

  

Shares

  

Average Cost

  

Total Cost (in

thousands)

 

Shares purchased under Repurchase Plan

    $  $ 

Shares acquired in connection with stock option exercises

         

Shares acquired from employees for restricted stock vesting

  692   14.20   10 

Total

  692      $10 

 

Stock repurchase costs include commissions and fees.

 

Shares acquired from employees for restricted stock vesting and stock options exercises were returned to us by the related employees and in return we paid each employee’s required tax withholding resulting from the vesting of restricted shares. The valuation of the shares acquired and thereby the number of shares returned to us was calculated based on the closing share price on the date the shares vested.

  

 

K. Derivatives and Hedging

 

We are exposed to gains and losses resulting from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relating to forecasted product sales denominated in foreign currencies and to other transactions of NAIE, our foreign subsidiary. As part of our overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, we may use foreign exchange contracts in the form of forward contracts. To the extent we enter into such contracts, there can be no guarantee any such contracts will be effective hedges against our foreign currency exchange risk.

 

15

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges primarily to protect against the foreign exchange risks inherent in our forecasted sales of products at prices denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar. These contracts are expected to be settled through September 2023. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, we record the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative in accumulated other comprehensive income (“OCI”) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity and subsequently reclassify these amounts into earnings in the period during which the hedged transaction is recognized in earnings.

 

For foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges, hedge effectiveness is measured using the spot rate. Changes in the spot-forward differential are excluded from the test of hedge effectiveness and are recorded currently in earnings as revenue. We measure effectiveness by comparing the cumulative change in the hedge contract with the cumulative change in the hedged item. No hedging relationships were terminated as a result of ineffective hedging for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021.

 

We monitor the probability of forecasted transactions as part of the hedge effectiveness testing on a quarterly basis. During the three months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, we did not have any losses or gains related to the ineffective portion of our hedging instruments.

 

As of September 30, 2022, the notional amounts of our foreign exchange contracts designated as cash flow hedges were approximately $33.3 million (EUR 29.1 million). As of September 30, 2022, a net gain of approximately $2.9 million, offset by $0.7 million of deferred taxes, related to derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges was recorded in OCI. It is expected that the entire amount will be reclassified into earnings in the next 12 months along with the earnings effects of the related forecasted transactions.

 

For foreign currency contracts not designated as cash flow hedges, changes in the fair value of the hedge are recorded directly to foreign exchange gain or loss in other income in an effort to offset the change in valuation of the underlying hedged item. During the three months ended September 30, 2022 we entered into forward contracts in order to hedge foreign exchange risk associated with our lease liability at NAIE, which is denominated in Swiss Francs (CHF). As of September 30, 2022, the notional amounts of our foreign exchange contracts not designated as cash flow hedges were approximately $12.3 million (CHF 12.0 million).

 

We are exposed to interest rate fluctuations related to our $10 million Term Note with Wells Fargo, which carries a variable interest rate of 1.80% above the SOFR rolling 30-day average. To manage our exposure to this variable rate, on August 23, 2021, we entered into a floored interest rate swap that fixes our all-in rate on this loan to 2.4% for the first three years of the term loan. Fluctuations in the relation of our contractual swap rate to current market rates are recorded as an asset or liability with an offset to OCI at the end of each reporting period. Interest expense is adjusted for the difference between the actual SOFR spread and the swap contractual rate such that our effective interest expense for each period is equal to our hedged rate of 2.4%.

  

 

L. Contingencies

 

From time to time, we become involved in various investigations, claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. These matters may relate to product liability, employment, intellectual property, regulatory, contract or other matters. The resolution of these matters as they arise may be subject to various uncertainties and, even if such claims are without merit, could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. While unfavorable outcomes are possible, based on available information, we currently do not believe the resolution of these matters will result in a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, or results of operations. However, a settlement payment or unfavorable outcome could be greater than we currently anticipate and if so, could adversely impact our results of operations. Our evaluation of the likely impact of these actions could change in the future and we could have unfavorable outcomes we do not expect.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

We continue to monitor and evaluate the risks to public health and the impact on overall global business activity related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including its potential impacts on our employees, customers, suppliers and financial results. As the situation remains fluid, it is difficult to predict the duration and scope of the pandemic and its impact on our business. However, it may result in a material adverse impact to our financial position, operations and cash flows if conditions persist or worsen.

 

16

  
 

ITEM 2.     MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis is intended to help you understand our financial condition and results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2022. You should read the following discussion and analysis together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included under Item 1 in this Report, as well as the risk factors and other information included in our 2022 Annual Report and other reports and documents we file with the SEC. Our future financial condition and results of operations will vary from our historical financial condition and results of operations described below based on a variety of factors.

 

Executive Overview

 

The following overview does not address all of the matters covered in the other sections of this Item 2 or other items in this Report nor does it contain all of the information that may be important to our stockholders or the investing public. You should read this overview in conjunction with the other sections of this Item 2 and this Report.

 

Our primary business activity is providing private-label contract manufacturing services to companies that market and distribute vitamins, minerals, herbal and other nutritional supplements, as well as other health care products, to consumers both within and outside the U.S. Historically, our revenue has been largely dependent on sales to two or three private-label contract manufacturing customers and subject to variations in the timing of such customers’ orders, which in turn is impacted by such customers’ internal marketing programs, supply chain management, entry into new markets, new product introductions, the demand for such customers’ products, and general industry and economic conditions. Our revenue also includes raw material sales and royalty and licensing revenue generated from license and supply agreements with third parties, granting them the right to use our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property in connection with the distribution and use of the ingredient known as beta-alanine sold under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trademarks.

 

A cornerstone of our business strategy is to achieve long-term growth and profitability and to diversify our sales base. We have sought and expect to continue to seek to diversify our sales by developing relationships with additional, quality-oriented, private-label contract manufacturing customers, and commercializing our patent estate through sales of beta-alanine under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names, royalties from license agreements, and potentially additional contract manufacturing opportunities with licensees.

 

During the first three months of fiscal 2023, our net sales were 12% higher than in the first three months of fiscal 2022. Private-label contract manufacturing sales increased 24% primarily due to higher sales to our two largest customers, partially offset by decreased sales to other smaller customers and lower average exchange rates applied to sales denominated in Euro as compared to the prior year period. Our foreign exchange rates as applied to sales denominated in Euro decreased to a weighted average of 1.12 EUR/USD in the first three months of fiscal 2023 compared to a weighted average of 1.18 EUR/USD during the first three months of fiscal 2022. Revenue concentration risk for our largest private-label contract manufacturing customer as a percentage of our total net sales remained consistent at 35% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021. We expect our annualized fiscal year 2023 revenue concentration for our largest customer to be comparable to fiscal 2022 revenue.

 

During the first three months of fiscal 2023, patent and trademark licensing revenue decreased 72% to $1.4 million, compared to revenue of $4.8 million for the first three months of fiscal 2022. The decrease in patent and trademark licensing revenue during the first three months of fiscal 2023 was primarily due to a decrease in orders from existing customers as a result of market and inflationary factors along with a general slowdown in the Sports Nutrition sales channel. Included in the market factors is the fact that the first three months of fiscal 2022 benefited from a ramp up of Sports Nutrition sales activity due to easing COVID restrictions on athletic activities with no corresponding activity in the first three months of fiscal 2023.

 

We continue to invest in research and development for our SR CarnoSyn® sustained release delivery system. We believe SR CarnoSyn® may provide a unique opportunity within the growing Wellness and Healthy Aging markets. We believe our recent efforts to refine our formulations and product offerings will be positively received and result in significant opportunity for increased SR CarnoSyn® sales.

 

 

To protect our CarnoSyn® business and our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property, we incurred litigation and patent compliance expenses of approximately $30,000 during the first three months of fiscal 2023 as compared to $0.1 million during the comparable period in fiscal 2022. Our legal expense associated with our CarnoSyn® business has remained low as we have no active litigation and the current run-rate of expenses is only related to maintenance of the patent estate. Our ability to maintain or further increase our beta-alanine royalty and licensing revenue will depend in large part on our ability to develop a market for our sustained release form of beta-alanine marketed under our SR CarnoSyn® trademark, maintain our patent rights, obtain the raw material beta-alanine when and in the amounts needed, expand distribution of beta-alanine to new and existing customers, and continued compliance by third parties with our license agreements and our patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights. During the remainder of fiscal 2023, we will continue our sales and marketing activities to consumers, customers, potential customers, and brand owners on multiple platforms to promote and reinforce the features and benefits of utilizing CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® beta-alanine.

 

Based on our current sales order volumes and forecasts we have received from our customers, we now anticipate our fiscal 2023 consolidated net sales will be slightly up as compared to fiscal 2022. While sales are expected to increase during fiscal 2023 when compared to fiscal 2022, we anticipate operating income will be negatively impacted by changes in sales mix, unfavorable foreign exchange rates, and inflationary factors including increased operational costs impacted by increased labor, raw material, freight and supply chain costs.  We are working with both suppliers and customers to attempt to mitigate the expected negative impact on our fiscal 2023 financial results.  There can be no assurances our expectations will result in the currently anticipated increase in net sales and expected operating income levels.

 

Impact of COVID-19 on Our Business

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted, and is likely to continue to result, in significant economic disruption and has and will likely continue to affect our business. Significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude of the impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our facilities, located both in the United States and Europe, have maintained operations throughout the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, there can be no assurance our facilities will continue to operate without interruption. Factors that derive from COVID-19 and the accompanying response, and that have or may negatively impact sales and gross margin in the future include, but are not limited to the following:

 

Limitations on the ability of our suppliers to manufacture, or procure from manufacturers, the materials included in the products we sell, or to meet delivery requirements and commitments;

Limitations on the ability of our employees to perform their work due to illness caused by the pandemic or due to other restrictions on our employees to keep them safe and the increased cost of measures taken to ensure employee health and safety;

Limitation on the availability of qualified individuals to adequately staff our manufacturing facilities;

Limitations on the ability of our suppliers to manufacture and meet timelines associated with capital improvement projects;

Limitations on the ability of our customers to conduct their business and purchase our products and services; and

Limitations on the ability of our customers to pay us on a timely basis.

 

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions to alter our business operations as may be required by federal, state or local authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers and shareholders. While we are unable to determine or predict the nature, duration, or scope of the overall impact the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, liquidity or capital resources, we believe we will be able to remain operational and our working capital will be sufficient for us to remain operational even as the longer-term consequences of this pandemic become known.

 

During the remainder of fiscal year 2023, we also plan to continue our focus on:

 

 

Leveraging our state-of-the-art, certified facilities to increase the value of the goods and services we provide to our highly valued private-label contract manufacturing customers, and to assist us in developing relationships with additional quality oriented customers;

     
 

Completing construction on our new high-volume powder blending and packaging facility, which we expect to be operational by mid-to-late fiscal year 2023;

     
 

Expanding the commercialization of our beta-alanine patent estate through raw material sales, developing a new sales distribution channel under the Wellness and Healthy Aging category for our sustained release form of beta-alanine marketed under our SR CarnoSyn® trademark, exploiting new contract manufacturing opportunities license and royalty agreements, and protecting our proprietary rights; and

   

 

 

Improving operational efficiencies and managing costs and business risks to improve profitability.

   

 

 

 

Discussion of Critical Accounting Estimates

 

We have identified the following as our most critical accounting estimates, which are those that are most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results, and that require management’s most subjective and complex judgments. Information regarding our other significant accounting estimates and policies are disclosed in Note 1 of Item 1 of this report and are disclosed in the 2022 Annual Report.

 

Revenue Recognition — Revenue is measured as the net amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for fulfilling one or more performance obligations. For certain contracts with volume rebates and discounts, our estimates of future sales used to assess the volume rebate and discount estimates are subject to a high degree of judgement and may differ from actual sales due to, among other things, changes in customer orders and raw material availability. 

 

Results of Operations

 

The results of our operations for the three months ended September 30 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

   

Three Months Ended

 
   

September 30,

 
   

2022

   

2021

   

% Change

 

Private-label contract manufacturing

  $ 41,776     $ 33,594       24

%

Patent and trademark licensing

    1,351       4,746       (72

)%

Total net sales

    43,127       38,340       12

%

Cost of goods sold

    37,756       30,059       26

%

Gross profit

    5,371       8,281       (35

)%

Gross profit %

    12.5

%

    21.6

%

       
                         

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    3,829       4,053       (6

)%

% of net sales

    8.9

%

    10.6

%

       
                         

Income from operations

    1,542       4,228       (64

)%

% of net sales

    3.6

%

    11.0

%

       
                         

Total other expense

    (224

)

    (26

)

    762

%

Income before income taxes

    1,318       4,202       (69

)%

% of net sales

    3.1

%

    11.0

%

       
                         

Provision for income taxes

    265       946       (72

)%

Net income

  $ 1,053     $ 3,256       (68

)%

% of net sales

    2.4

%

    8.5

%

       

 

Private-label contract manufacturing net sales increased 24% during the three months ended September 30, 2022, when compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase in sales during the three months ended September 30, 2022 was primarily due to increased sales to our two largest customers, partially offset by decreased sales to other smaller customers and lower average exchange rates applied to sales denominated in Euro as compared to the prior year period. Our foreign exchange rates as applied to sales denominated in Euro decreased to a weighted average of 1.12 EUR/USD in the first three months of fiscal 2023 compared to a weighted average of 1.18 EUR/USD during the first three months of fiscal 2022.

 

Net sales from our patent and trademark licensing segment decreased 72% during the three months ended September 30, 2022, when compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease in patent and trademark licensing revenue during the three months ended September 30, 2022 was primarily due to a decrease in orders from existing customers as a result of market and inflationary factors along with a general slowdown in the Sports Nutrition sales channel. Included in the market factors is the fact that the first three months of fiscal 2022 benefited from a ramp up of Sports Nutrition sales activity due to easing COVID restrictions on athletic activities with no corresponding activity in the first three months of fiscal 2023.

 

 

The change in gross profit margin for the three months ended September 30, 2022, was as follows:

 

   

Three Months

 
   

Ended

 
         

Contract manufacturing(1)

    (2.6

)%

Patent and trademark licensing(2)

    (6.5

)

Total change in gross profit margin

    (9.1

)%

 

 

1

Private-label contract manufacturing gross profit margin as a percentage of consolidated net sales decreased 2.6 percentage points during the three months ended September 30, 2022 when compared to the comparable prior year period. The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of sales for private-label contract manufacturing during the first quarter of fiscal 2023 is primarily due to an increase in per unit manufacturing costs, particularly related to increased labor and freight costs, and unfavorable foreign exchange rates applied to sales denominated in Euro.

 

2

Patent and trademark licensing gross profit margin as a percentage of consolidated net sales decreased 6.5 percentage points during the three months ended September 30, 2022 when compared to the comparable prior year period. The decrease in margin contribution during the three month period ended September 30, 2022 was primarily due to decreased patent and trademark licensing net sales as a percentage of total consolidated net sales, as patent and trademark licensing historically provides higher profit margins than our private-label contract manufacturing business. The three months ended September 30, 2021 also included a favorable change in estimate regarding certain volume rebate programs that was not repeated during the three months ended September 30, 2022.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.2 million, or 6%, during the three months ended September 30, 2022 as compared to the comparable prior year period.

 

Other expense increased $0.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2022 when compared to the comparable period during the prior year. The increase was primarily due to unfavorable foreign exchange revaluation activity and fluctuations in unhedged foreign currency rates when compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

 

Our income tax expense decreased $0.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2022 when compared to the same period in fiscal 2022. The decrease in income tax expense was primarily related to a decrease in pre-tax income as compared to the same period in the prior year.

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash flows provided by operating activities and the availability of borrowings under our credit facility. Net cash used by operating activities was $4.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to $3.8 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year.

 

At September 30, 2022, changes in accounts receivable, consisting of amounts due from our private-label contract manufacturing customers and our patent and trademark licensing activities, provided $2.6 million in cash compared to using $2.4 million of cash during the comparable three month period in the prior year. The increase in cash provided by accounts receivable during the three months ended September 30, 2022 primarily resulted from the timing of sales and related collections. Days sales outstanding was 34 days during the three months ended September 30, 2022 as compared to 46 days for the prior year period.

 

Changes in inventory used $7.5 million in cash during the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to using $4.7 million in the comparable prior year period. During the three months ended September 30, 2022, the change in cash related to inventory was primarily related to the difference in the amount and timing of orders and anticipated sales as compared to the same period in the prior year. Changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities provided $1.0 million in cash during the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to providing $0.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021. The change in cash flow activity related to accounts payable and accrued liabilities was primarily due to the timing of inventory receipts and payments.

 

Cash used in investing activities in the three months ended September 30, 2022 was $7.8 million compared to $18.3 million in the comparable prior year period. The primary reason for the change was due to the purchase of a new manufacturing and warehouse facility in Carlsbad, CA during the first quarter of fiscal 2022.

 

Cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2022, was $2.8 million, compared to $10.0 million in the comparable prior year period. The difference is primarily due to a net withdrawal of $3.4 million on our credit facility in the three months ended September 30, 2022, whereas the three months ended September 30, 2021 had no corresponding credit facility withdrawal. The three months ended September 30, 2021 included borrowings related to the purchase of our new manufacturing and warehouse facility in Carlsbad, CA. The decrease in borrowings was partially offset by an increase in repurchase of treasury stock for the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021.  

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had $3.4 million outstanding on our credit facility and $16.6 million available for borrowing under our credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank. During the three months ending September 30, 2022, we were in compliance with all of the financial and other covenants required under the Credit Agreement. Refer to Item 1, Note F., "Debt," in this Quarterly Report, for terms of our Credit Agreement.         

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had $9.7 million outstanding under the Term Note used in the purchase of the warehouse in August 2021.

 

As of September 30, 2022, we had $12.3 million in cash and cash equivalents. We believe our available cash, cash equivalents, credit facility and potential cash flows from operations will be sufficient to fund our current working capital needs, capital expenditures, and minimum debt and interest payments through the next 12 months. Our capital requirements for fiscal 2023 include amounts that will be required to complete our planned retrofit of the facility we purchased in August 2021 that is planned to become a powder blending, packaging, and storage facility.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of September 30, 2022, we did not have any off-balance sheet debt nor did we have any transactions, arrangements, obligations (including contingent obligations) or other relationships with any unconsolidated entities or other persons that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources, or significant components of revenue or expenses material to investors.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recent accounting pronouncements are discussed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included under Item 1, Note A. of this Report. Other than those pronouncements, we are not aware of any other pronouncements that materially affect our financial position or results of operations.

 

 

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

We maintain certain disclosure controls and procedures as defined under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. They are designed to help ensure that material information is: (1) gathered and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and financial officers, in a manner that allows for timely decisions regarding required disclosures; and (2) recorded, processed, summarized, reported and filed with the SEC as required under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and within the time periods specified by the SEC.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial and accounting officer), evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2022. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective for their intended purpose described above as of September 30, 2022.

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we become involved in various investigations, claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. These matters may relate to intellectual property, product liability, employment, tax, regulation, contract or other matters. The resolution of these matters as they arise will be subject to various uncertainties and, even if such claims are without merit, could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. While unfavorable outcomes are possible, based on available information, we currently do not believe the resolution of these matters, even if unfavorable, will result in a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, or results of operations. However, a settlement payment or unfavorable outcome could adversely impact our results of operations. Our evaluation of the likely impact of these actions could change in the future and we could have unfavorable outcomes we do not expect. An unexpected settlement expense or an unexpected unfavorable outcome of a matter could adversely impact our results of operations.

 

As of November 9, 2022, neither NAI nor NAIE were a party to any material pending legal proceeding nor was any of our property the subject of any material pending legal proceeding. We are currently involved in several matters in the ordinary course of our business. 

 

There is no assurance we will prevail in these litigation matters or in similar proceedings we or others may initiate or that litigation expenses will not be greater than anticipated.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

When evaluating our business and future prospects you should carefully consider the risks described under Item 1A of our 2022 Annual Report, as well as the other information in our 2022 Annual Report, this Report and other reports and documents we file with the SEC. If any of the identified risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously harmed. In that event, the market price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or a portion of the value of your investment in our common stock.

 

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We did not sell any unregistered equity securities during the three month periods ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021.

 

Repurchases

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2022 we repurchased 46,795 shares of our common stock at a total cost of $497,000 (including commissions and transaction fees) as set forth below:

 

Period

 

Total Number

of

Shares

Purchased

   

Average Price

Paid per Share

(1)

   

Total Number of Shares

Purchased as Part of

Publicly Announced

Plans or Programs

   

Maximum Number (or

Approximate Dollar Value) of

Shares that May Yet Be

Purchased

Under the Plans or Programs (as

of

September 30, 2022)

(in thousands)

 

July 1, 2022 to July 31, 2022

    11,777     $ 10.21       11,777        

August 1, 2022 to August 31, 2022

    21,143     $ 10.93       21,143        

September 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022

    13,875     $ 10.50       13.875        

Total

    46,795               46,795     $ 512  

 

(1) Average price paid per share includes costs associated with the repurchases

 

Refer to Note J, "Treasury Stock," in this Quarterly Report, for terms of repurchase plan and additional information.

 

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 5.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

 

ITEM 6.     EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibit index shows those exhibits filed with this Report and those incorporated by reference:

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit
Number

Description

 

Incorporated By Reference To

       

3(i)

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Natural Alternatives International, Inc. filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on January 14, 2005

 

Exhibit 3(i) of NAI’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2004, filed with the commission on February 14, 2005

3(ii)

Amended and Restated By-laws of Natural Alternatives International, Inc. dated as of February 9, 2009

 

Exhibit 3(ii) of NAI’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 9, 2009, filed with the commission on February 13, 2009

4(i)

Form of NAI’s Common Stock Certificate

 

Exhibit 4(i) of NAI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2005, filed with the commission on December 8, 2005

31.1

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer

 

Filed herewith

31.2

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer

 

Filed herewith

32

Section 1350 Certification

 

Filed herewith

       
       

101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document

 

Filed herewith

101.SCH

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

Filed herewith

101.CAL

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.LAB

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.PRE

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)   Filed herewith

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Natural Alternatives International, Inc., the registrant, has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, duly authorized officers.

 

 

Date: November 9, 2022

 

 

 

NATURAL ALTERNATIVES

INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 
       
 

By:

/s/ Mark A. LeDoux  
   

Mark A. LeDoux, Chief Executive Officer

 
   

(principal executive officer)

 
       
 

By:

/s/ Michael E. Fortin  
   

Michael E. Fortin, Chief Financial Officer

 
   

(principal financial and accounting officer)

 

 

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