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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

or

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission File Number: 001-36228

 

Navient Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

46-4054283

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

123 Justison Street, Wilmington, Delaware

19801

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(302) 283-8000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes          No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes          No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes          No  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $.01 per share

 

NAVI

 

The NASDAQ Global Select Market

6% Senior Notes due December 15, 2043

 

JSM

 

The NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

As of March 31, 2022, there were 148,744,651 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Organization of Our Form 10-Q

The order and presentation of content in our Form 10-Q differs from the traditional Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Form 10-Q format. Our format is designed to improve readability and to better present how we organize and manage our business. See Appendix A, "Form 10-Q Cross-Reference Index" for a cross-reference index to the traditional SEC Form 10-Q format.

 

 

Page

Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

1

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

2

 

 

Business

3

Overview and Fundamentals of Our Business

3

How We Organize Our Business

6

 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

7

Selected Historical Financial Information and Ratios

7

The Quarter in Review

8

Navient’s Response to COVID-19

9

Results of Operations

9

Segment Results

11

Financial Condition

18

Liquidity and Capital Resources

23

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

26

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

26

 

 

Legal Proceedings

34

Risk Factors

34

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

35

 

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

40

Controls and Procedures

40

Exhibits

41

Financial Statements

42

Signatures

77

Appendix A – Form 10-Q Cross-Reference Index

78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

FORWARD-LOOKING AND CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking” statements and other information that is based on management’s current expectations as of the date of this report. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about our beliefs, opinions, or expectations and statements that assume or are dependent upon future events, are forward-looking statements and often contain words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “see,” “will,” “would,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “goals,” or “target.” Such statements are based on management's expectations as of the date of this filing and involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties are discussed more fully under the section titled “Risk Factors” and include, but are not limited to the following:  

 

 

the continuing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and related risks;

 

the economic conditions and the creditworthiness of third parties;

 

increased defaults on education loans held by us;

 

the cost and availability of funding in the capital markets;

 

the transition away from the LIBOR reference rate to an alternative reference rate;  

 

higher or lower than expected prepayments of loans could change the expected net interest income we receive or cause the bonds issued by a securitization trust to be paid at a different speed than anticipated;

 

our unhedged Floor Income is dependent on the future interest rate environment and therefore is variable;

 

a reduction in our credit ratings;

 

adverse market conditions or an inability to effectively manage our liquidity risk could negatively impact us;

 

the interest rate characteristics of our assets do not always match those of our funding arrangements;

 

our use of derivatives exposes us to credit and market risk;

 

our ability to continually and effectively align our cost structure with our business operations;

 

a failure of our operating systems, infrastructure or information technology systems;

 

failure by any third party providing us material services or products or a breach or violation of law by one of these third parties;

 

changes to applicable laws, rules, regulations and government policies and expanded regulatory and governmental oversight;

 

our work with government clients exposes us to additional risks inherent in the government contracting environment;

 

shareholder activism;

 

shareholders’ percentage ownership in Navient may be diluted in the future;

 

reputational risk and social factors;

 

obligations owed to parties under various transaction agreements that were executed as part of the spin-off of Navient from SLM Corporation (the Spin-Off); and

 

acquisitions or strategic investments that we pursue.

Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Form 10-Q and in other documents we file from time to time with the SEC that disclose risks and uncertainties that may affect our business.  

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements also requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions including estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates or assumptions may prove to be incorrect and actual results could differ materially. All forward-looking statements contained in this report are qualified by these cautionary statements and are made only as of the date of this report. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements except as required by law.

Through this discussion and analysis, we intend to provide the reader with some narrative context for how our management views our consolidated financial statements, additional context within which to assess our operating results, and information on the quality and variability of our earnings, liquidity and cash flows.

 

1


 

USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

We prepare financial statements and present financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, we also evaluate our business segments and present financial results on a basis that differs from GAAP. We refer to this different basis of presentation as Core Earnings, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. We provide this Core Earnings basis of presentation on a consolidated basis and for each business segment because this is what we review internally when making management decisions regarding our performance and how we allocate resources. We also include this information in our presentations with credit rating agencies, lenders and investors. Because our Core Earnings basis of presentation corresponds to our segment financial presentations, we are required by GAAP to provide Core Earnings disclosures in the notes to our consolidated financial statements for our business segments.

In addition to Core Earnings, we present the following non-GAAP financial measures: Adjusted Core Earnings, Tangible Equity, Adjusted Tangible Equity Ratio, Pro forma Adjusted Tangible Equity Ratio, and Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization Expense (EBITDA) (for the Business Processing segment). See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for a further discussion and a complete reconciliation between GAAP net income and Core Earnings.

 

 

 

2


 

Overview and Fundamentals of Our Business

Navient (Nasdaq: NAVI) provides technology-enabled education finance and business processing solutions that simplify complex programs and help millions of people achieve success. Our customer-focused, data-driven services deliver exceptional results for clients in education, health care and government. Learn more at navient.com.

With a focus on data-driven insights, service, compliance and innovative support, Navient’s business consists of:

 

 

 

Federal Education Loans

We own a portfolio of $51.0 billion of federally guaranteed Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) Loans. We service and provide asset recovery services on this portfolio and for third parties, deploying data-driven approaches to support the success of our customers. Our flexible and scalable infrastructure manages large volumes of complex transactions, simplifying the customer experience and continually improving efficiency.

 

Consumer Lending

We own, service and originate Private Education Loans that enable people to pursue higher education and improve their economic opportunities. Our $20.1 billion private loan portfolio demonstrates high customer success rates. We help people simplify their finances through student loan refinancing, and we help families finance their higher education through transparent, affordable Private Education Loans. In the first quarter of 2022, we originated $966 million in Private Education Loans.

 

Business Processing

We provide business processing solutions for more than 600 public sector and healthcare organizations, and their tens of millions of clients, patients, and constituents. Our suite of solutions and customer experience expertise enable our clients to focus on their missions, optimize their cash flow and deliver essential services, while helping those they serve successfully navigate complex programs, transactions and decisions. For each client, we customize a blend of technologies to deliver personalized, omnichannel communication experiences; machine learning automation; root-cause business analytics; secure cloud computing; and intelligent customer relationship platforms.

 

Superior Operational Performance with a Strong Customer Service and Compliance Commitment

 

We help our customers — both individuals and institutions — navigate the path to financial success through proactive, simplified service and innovative solutions.

 

Scalable, data-driven solutions. Annually, we support tens of millions of people in conducting hundreds of millions of transactions and interactions. Designed using configurable architecture, our systems are built for scale and rapid implementation. We harness the power of data to build tailored programs that optimize our clients’ results.

 

We leverage our omnichannel communication platform, predictive analytics, and decades of insight to stay in touch with people and address challenges that may arise.

 

Using technology-enabled solutions, we have rapidly staffed, trained, and activated several call centers with thousands of remote staff for clients needing urgent support, such as during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Across all our businesses, we use real-time dashboards and data visualization tools to monitor performance metrics and identify, track, and address trends and opportunities.

 

3


 

Simplify complex processes. On our clients’ behalf, we help individuals successfully navigate a broad spectrum of complex transactions. Our people and platforms simplify complex programs – including healthcare, tax, and transportation programs – to help constituents understand and meet their obligations.

 

Improve customer experience and success. We continually make enhancements to improve the customer experience, drawing from a variety of inputs including customer surveys, research panels, analysis of customer inquiries, transactions and activities, and complaint data, and regulator commentary. Across our businesses, our customer-facing representatives are trained and measured to provide empathetic, accurate support.

 

o

Repayment plan education and outreach: We help student loan borrowers understand their repayment options so they can make informed choices that align with their financial circumstances and goals.

 

o

Office of the Customer Advocate: Our Office of the Customer Advocate, established in 1997, offers escalated assistance to customers. We are committed to working with customers and appreciate customer comments, which, combined with our own customer communication channels, help us improve the ways we assist our customers.

 

o

Private loan modification program: In 2009, we pioneered the creation of a loan modification program to help Private Education Loan borrowers needing additional assistance. As of March 31, 2022, approximately $838 million of our Private Education Loans were enrolled in this interest rate reduction program, helping customers through more affordable monthly payments while making progress in repaying their principal loan balance.

 

o

Serving military customers: Navient was the first student loan servicer to launch a dedicated military benefits customer service team, website (Navient.com/military) and toll-free number. Navient’s military benefits team supports service members and their families to access the benefits designed for them, including interest rate benefits, deferment and other options.

 

o

Financial literacy: We offer free resources, including videos, articles and online tools, to help customers and the general public build knowledge on personal finance topics. Our Going Merry platform enables students to match to and apply for scholarships, institutional aid and government grants.

Commitment to compliance. Our rigorous compliance posture ensures adherence with laws and regulations and helps protect our clients, customers, employees and shareholders. We use a “Three Lines of Defense” compliance framework, considered best practice by the U.S. Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC). This framework and other compliance protocols ensure we adhere to key industry laws and regulations including: Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA); Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA); Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA); Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA); Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA); Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA); Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA); Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA); IRS Publication 1075; Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA); Military Lending Act (MLA); Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA); Truth in Lending Act (TILA); Unfair, Deceptive, or Abusive Acts and Practices (UDAAP); state laws; and state and city licensing.


4


 

Deliver superior performance. Whether supporting student loan borrowers in successfully managing their loans, designing and implementing new constituent-facing services for public sector agencies, generating additional revenue for hospitals and medical systems, or helping a state manage communication backlogs or recover revenue that funds essential services, Navient delivers value for our clients and customers.

We leverage leading-edge technology, data-driven insights, scale, and exemplary customer service to maximize our value for our clients and outperform the competition  

 

Corporate Social Responsibility. We are committed to contributing to the social and economic wellbeing of our local communities; fostering the success of our customers; supporting a culture of integrity, inclusion and equality in our workforce; and embracing sustainable business practices. Navient has earned recognition from premier organizations for our continued commitment to fostering diversity. Our employees are active in our communities, through local and national organizations, including a significant national partnership with Boys & Girls Clubs of America (BGCA).

Navient is committed to a sustainable future. Our work is largely services based; as a result, our day-to-day operations require relatively small amounts of natural resource and energy inputs. We focus on reducing the total amount of CO2 and CO2 equivalents through various initiatives, including technology that minimizes energy usage in our office buildings and the widespread adoption of “paperless” digital customer communications. Navient prioritizes adding or updating insulation and other power-saving features to our buildings to further reduce our carbon emissions. We consider our energy efficiency in our growth and real estate decisions.

 

Strong Financial Performance Resulting in a Strong Capital Return

 

Our first-quarter 2022 results continue to build upon our previous year’s results demonstrating the strength of our business model and our ability to deliver predictable and meaningful cash flow and earnings in all types of economic environments.

 

Our significant earnings generate significant capital which results in a strong capital return to our investors. Navient expects to continue to return excess capital to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases in accordance with our capital allocation policy.

 

By optimizing capital adequacy and allocating capital to highly accretive opportunities, including organic growth and acquisitions, we remain well positioned to pay dividends and repurchase stock, while maintaining appropriate leverage that supports our credit ratings and ensures ongoing access to capital markets.

In December 2021, our Board approved a share repurchase program authorizing the purchase of up to $1 billion of the Company’s outstanding common stock. At March 31, 2022, $885 million remained in share repurchase authorization.

To inform our capital allocation decisions, we use the Adjusted Tangible Equity Ratio(1) in addition to other metrics. Our Adjusted Tangible Equity Ratio(1) was 7.0% as of March 31, 2022.

 

(Dollars and shares in millions)

 

Q1-22

 

 

Q1-21

 

Shares repurchased

 

 

6.2

 

 

 

8.2

 

Reduction in shares outstanding

 

 

3

%

 

 

4

%

Total repurchases in dollars

 

$

115

 

 

$

100

 

Dividends paid

 

$

24

 

 

$

29

 

Total Capital Returned(2)

 

$

139

 

 

$

129

 

Adjusted Tangible Equity Ratio(1)

 

 

7.0

%

 

 

6.2

%

 

 

 

(1)

Item is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a description and reconciliation, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”        

(2)

Capital Returned is defined as share repurchases and dividends paid.

 

 

5


 

How We Organize Our Business

We operate our business in three primary segments: Federal Education Loans, Consumer Lending and Business Processing.  

 

 

Federal Education Loans Segment

In this segment, Navient owns FFELP Loans and performs servicing and asset recovery services on this portfolio. We also service and perform asset recovery services on FFELP Loans owned by other institutions. Our servicing quality, data-driven strategies and omnichannel education about federal repayment options translate into positive results for the millions of borrowers we serve.

Consumer Lending Segment

In this segment, Navient owns, originates, acquires and services high-quality refinance and in-school Private Education Loans. We believe our more than 45 years of experience, product design, digital marketing strategies, and origination and servicing platform provide a unique competitive advantage. We see meaningful growth opportunities in originating Private Education Loans to financially responsible consumers, generating attractive long-term, risk-adjusted returns. We generate revenue primarily through net interest income on our Private Education Loan portfolio.  

Business Processing Segment

In this segment, Navient performs business processing services for over 600 government and healthcare clients.

 

Government services: We provide state governments, agencies, court systems, municipalities, and parking and tolling authorities with leveraging our scale, integrated technology solutions, decades of differentiated customer experience expertise and evidence-based approach. Our support enables our clients to better serve their constituents, meet rapidly changing needs, improve technology, reduce operating expenses, manage risk and optimize revenue opportunities.  

 

Healthcare services: We perform revenue cycle outsourcing, accounts receivable management, extended business office support, consulting engagements and public health programs. We offer customizable solutions for our clients that include hospitals, hospital systems, medical centers, large physician groups, other healthcare providers and public health departments.  

Other Segment

This segment consists of our corporate liquidity portfolio, gains and losses incurred on the repurchase of debt, unallocated expenses of shared services (which includes regulatory expenses) and restructuring/other reorganization expenses.

 

 

 

 

6


 

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Selected Historical Financial Information and Ratios

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(In millions, except per share data)

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

GAAP Basis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

255

 

 

$

370

 

Diluted earnings per common share

 

$

1.67

 

 

$

2.00

 

Weighted average shares used to compute diluted earnings per share

 

$

153

 

 

 

185

 

Return on assets

 

 

1.34

%

 

 

1.78

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core Earnings Basis(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income(1)

 

$

135

 

 

$

305

 

Diluted earnings per common share(1)

 

$

.88

 

 

$

1.65

 

Adjusted diluted earnings per common share(1)

 

$

.90

 

 

$

1.71

 

Weighted average shares used to compute diluted earnings per share

 

 

153

 

 

 

185

 

Net interest margin, Federal Education Loans segment

 

 

1.04

%

 

 

.97

%

Net interest margin, Consumer Lending segment

 

 

2.80

%

 

 

2.99

%

Return on assets

 

 

.71

%

 

 

1.46

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Education Loan Portfolios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending FFELP Loans, net

 

$

51,013

 

 

$

56,873

 

Ending Private Education Loans, net

 

 

20,088

 

 

 

19,742

 

Ending total education loans, net

 

$

71,101

 

 

$

76,615

 

Average FFELP Loans

 

$

52,258

 

 

$

58,078

 

Average Private Education Loans

 

 

21,157

 

 

 

22,143

 

Average total education loans

 

$

73,415

 

 

$

80,221

 

 

(1)   Item is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a description and reconciliation, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures – Core Earnings.”

 


7


The Quarter in Review

We prepare financial statements and present financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, we also evaluate our business segments and present financial results on a basis that differs from GAAP. We refer to this different basis of presentation as Core Earnings. We provide this Core Earnings basis of presentation on a consolidated basis and for each business segment because this is what we review internally when making management decisions regarding our performance and how we allocate resources. We also include this information in our presentations with credit rating agencies, lenders and investors. Because our Core Earnings basis of presentation corresponds to our segment financial presentations, we are required by GAAP to provide certain Core Earnings disclosures in the notes to our consolidated financial statements for our business segments. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures — Core Earnings” for a further discussion and a complete reconciliation between GAAP net income and Core Earnings.

First-quarter 2022 GAAP net income was $255 million ($1.67 diluted earnings per share), compared with $370 million ($2.00 diluted Core Earnings per share) for the year-ago quarter. See “Results of Operations – Comparison of First-Quarter 2022 Results with First-Quarter 2021” for a discussion of the primary contributors to the change in GAAP earnings between periods.

First-quarter 2022 Core Earnings net income was $135 million ($0.88 diluted Core Earnings per share), compared with $305 million ($1.65 diluted Core Earnings per share) for the year-ago quarter. First-quarter 2022 and 2021 adjusted diluted Core Earnings(1) per share were $0.90 and $1.71, respectively. See “Segment Results” for a discussion of the primary contributors to the change in Core Earnings between periods.

 

Financial highlights of first-quarter 2022 include:

 

Federal Education Loans segment:

 

Net income of $107 million.

 

FFELP Loan delinquency rate of 13.5%.

Consumer Lending segment:

 

Net income of $79 million.

 

Originated $966 million of Private Education Loans.  

 

Private Education Loan delinquency rate of 4.0% remains below pre-pandemic levels.

Business Processing segment:

 

EBITDA(1) of $19 million.  

 

Revenue of $94 million.

Capital, funding and liquidity:

 

Adjusted tangible equity ratio(1) of 7.0%.

 

Repurchased $115 million of common shares; $885 million common share repurchase authority remains outstanding.

 

Paid $24 million in common stock dividends.

 

Issued $952 million in term ABS.

Expenses:

 

Adjusted Core Earnings expenses(1) of $204 million.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Item is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a description and reconciliation, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

 

8


 

Since its emergence in early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has been dynamic and unpredictable. Variants continue to emerge while efforts to mitigate and contain the impact of the pandemic continue to evolve. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have prioritized the safety of our employees and business partners, while continually striving to support the needs of our customers and communities during this unprecedented period. During 2021 and the first quarter of 2022, the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to affect our business operations. The future direct and indirect impact of the pandemic on our businesses, results of operations and financial condition remains uncertain. Should current economic conditions deteriorate or if the pandemic worsens due to various factors, including through the spread of more easily communicable variants of COVID-19, such conditions could have an adverse effect on our businesses and results of operations and could adversely affect our financial condition. For more information on the pandemic, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Navient’s Response to COVID-19” in our 2021 Form 10-K.

Results of Operations

GAAP Income Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

Increase

(Decrease)

 

(In millions, except per share data)

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

Interest income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FFELP Loans

 

$

349

 

 

$

373

 

 

$

(24

)

 

 

(6

)%

Private Education Loans

 

 

276

 

 

 

319

 

 

 

(43

)

 

 

(13

)

Cash and investments

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

100

 

Total interest income

 

 

626

 

 

 

692

 

 

 

(66

)

 

 

(10

)

Total interest expense

 

 

289

 

 

 

329

 

 

 

(40

)

 

 

(12

)

Net interest income

 

 

337

 

 

 

363

 

 

 

(26

)

 

 

(7

)

Less: provisions for loan losses

 

 

16

 

 

 

(87

)

 

 

103

 

 

 

(118

)

Net interest income after provisions for loan losses

 

 

321

 

 

 

450

 

 

 

(129

)

 

 

(29

)

Other income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Servicing revenue

 

 

18

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

(35

)

 

 

(66

)

Asset recovery and business processing revenue

 

 

97

 

 

 

139

 

 

 

(42

)

 

 

(30

)

Other income

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

100

 

Gains on sales of loans

 

 

 

 

 

76

 

 

 

(76

)

 

 

(100

)

Gains (losses) on derivative and hedging activities, net

 

 

98

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

62

 

 

 

172

 

Total other income

 

 

223

 

 

 

304

 

 

 

(81

)

 

 

(27

)

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Operating expenses

 

 

205

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

(54

)

 

 

(21

)

   Goodwill and acquired intangible assets

      impairment and amortization expense

 

 

4

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(20

)

   Restructuring/other reorganization expenses

 

 

3

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(50

)

Total expenses

 

 

212

 

 

 

270

 

 

 

(58

)

 

 

(21

)

Income before income tax expense

 

 

332

 

 

 

484

 

 

 

(152

)

 

 

(31

)

Income tax expense

 

 

77

 

 

 

114

 

 

 

(37

)

 

 

(32

)

Net income

 

$

255

 

 

$

370

 

 

$

(115

)

 

 

(31

)%

Basic earnings per common share

 

$

1.69

 

 

$

2.02

 

 

$

(.33

)

 

 

(16

%)

Diluted earnings per common share

 

$

1.67

 

 

$

2.00

 

 

$

(.33

)

 

 

(17

%)

Dividends per common share

 

$

.16

 

 

$

.16

 

 

$

 

 

 

%

 


9


 

GAAP Comparison of First-Quarter 2022 Results with First-Quarter 2021

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, net income was $255 million, or $1.67 diluted earnings per common share, compared with net income of $370 million, or $2.00 diluted earnings per common share, for the year-ago period.

The primary contributors to the change in net income are as follows:

 

Net interest income decreased by $26 million, primarily as a result of the continued natural paydown of the FFELP and non-refinance Private Education Loan portfolios, as well as the $1.6 billion of Private Education Loans sales in first-quarter 2021. Partially offsetting this decrease was the growth in the Private Education Refinance Loan portfolio.

 

Provisions for loan losses increased $103 million from $(87) million to $16 million:

 

○ 

The provision for FFELP loan losses remained unchanged at $0.

 

○ 

The provision for Private Education Loan losses increased $103 million from $(87) million to $16 million.

The provision for loan losses in the current period primarily related to loan originations. There has been an improvement in the current and forecasted economic conditions since the prior period, but such improvement has not mitigated the uncertainty related to the potential negative impact on the portfolio from the end of various payment relief and stimulus benefits recently and in the future. The negative provision of $(87) million in the year-ago quarter was primarily related to the reversal of $102 million of allowance for loan losses in connection with the sale of approximately $1.6 billion of Private Education Loans discussed below, partially offset by $15 million of provision primarily related to loan originations.

 

Servicing revenue decreased $35 million primarily related to the transfer of the servicing contract for 5.6 million ED owned student loan accounts from Navient to a third party on October 6, 2021. As a result, Navient no longer is a party to the ED servicing contract. To aid in the transition, Navient will provide certain services in 2022 to the third party through a transition services agreement (see discussion below related to “Other income”).

 

Asset recovery and business processing revenue decreased $42 million primarily as a result of a $31 million decrease in revenue earned in our Business Processing segment, primarily due to the expected winddown of the pandemic related contracts providing unemployment benefits, contact tracing and vaccine administration services, which was partially offset by revenue from services we perform for our traditional government and healthcare services clients.  

 

Other income increased $10 million primarily related to the transition services being performed in connection with the transfer of the ED servicing contract to a third party, as discussed above.  

 

Gains on sales of loans decreased $76 million in connection with the sale of approximately $1.6 billion of Private Education Loans in first-quarter 2021. There was a $13 million gain related to derivatives that were used to hedge this transaction that did not qualify for hedge accounting. As a result, this gain related to the derivatives was included as a part of “gains (losses) on derivative and hedging activities, net” on the income statement. There were no such sales in the current quarter.

 

Net gains on derivative and hedging activities increased $62 million. The primary factors affecting the change were interest rate and foreign currency fluctuations, which impact the valuations of derivative instruments including Floor Income Contracts, basis swaps and foreign currency hedges during each period. Valuations of derivative instruments fluctuate based upon many factors including changes in interest rates, credit risk, foreign currency fluctuations and other market factors. As a result, net gains and losses on derivative and hedging activities may vary significantly in future periods.

 

Excluding net regulatory-related expenses of $1 million and $8 million in the first quarters of 2022 and 2021, respectively, operating expenses were $204 million and $251 million in the first quarters of 2022 and 2021, respectively. This $47 million decrease was primarily related to no longer being a party to the ED servicing contract as well as the decline in Business Processing segment revenue.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, the Company incurred $3 million and $6 million, respectively, of restructuring/other reorganization expenses in connection with an effort to reduce costs and improve operating efficiency.

 

We repurchased 6.2 million and 8.2 million shares of our common stock during the first quarters of 2022 and 2021, respectively. As a result of repurchases, our average outstanding diluted shares decreased by 32 million common shares (or 17%) from the year-ago period.  

 


 

10


 

Segment Results

Federal Education Loans Segment

The following table presents Core Earnings results for our Federal Education Loans segment.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

% Increase

(Decrease)

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2022 vs. 2021

 

Interest income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FFELP Loans

 

$

334

 

 

$

359

 

 

 

(7

)%

Cash and investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

 

334

 

 

 

359

 

 

 

(7

)

Total interest expense

 

 

195

 

 

 

215

 

 

 

(9

)

Net interest income

 

 

139

 

 

 

144

 

 

 

(3

)

Less: provision for loan losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

 

 

139

 

 

 

144

 

 

 

(3

)

Other income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Servicing revenue

 

 

15

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

(71

)

   Asset recovery and business processing revenue

 

 

3

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

(79

)

   Other income

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

Total other income

 

 

29

 

 

 

66

 

 

 

(56

)

Direct operating expenses

 

 

28

 

 

 

63

 

 

 

(56

)

Income before income tax expense

 

 

140

 

 

 

147

 

 

 

(5

)

Income tax expense

 

 

33

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

(6

)

Net income

 

$

107

 

 

$