QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
September 30, 2019
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
Commission File Number 001-10822
National Health Investors Inc
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
222 Robert Rose Drive
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each Class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
There were 43,960,521 shares of common stock outstanding of the registrant as of November 4, 2019.
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Real estate properties:
Buildings and improvements
Construction in progress
Less accumulated depreciation
Real estate properties, net
Mortgage and other notes receivable, net
Cash and cash equivalents
Straight-line rent receivable
Assets held for sale, net
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
Lease deposit liabilities
Commitments and Contingencies
National Health Investors, Inc. Stockholders' Equity:
Common stock, $.01 par value; 60,000,000 shares authorized;
43,956,238 and 42,700,411 shares issued and outstanding
Capital in excess of par value
Cumulative net income in (excess) deficit of dividends
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
Total National Health Investors, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2019
NOTE 1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
We, the management of National Health Investors, Inc., (“NHI” or the “Company”) believe that the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of which these notes are an integral part include all normal, recurring adjustments that are necessary to fairly present the condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of NHI in all material respects. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date. We assume that users of these condensed consolidated financial statements have read or have access to the audited December 31, 2018 consolidated financial statements and that the adequacy of additional disclosure needed for a fair presentation, except regarding material contingencies, may be determined in that context. Accordingly, notes and other disclosures which would substantially duplicate those contained in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 have been omitted. This condensed consolidated financial information is not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to, acquisitions and dispositions, changes in interest rates, rents and the timing of debt and equity financings. For a better understanding of NHI and its condensed consolidated financial statements, we recommend reading these condensed consolidated financial statements in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, which are included in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), a copy of which is available at our web site: www.nhireit.com.
Principles of Consolidation - The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures, partnerships and consolidated variable interest entities (“VIE”), if any. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
A VIE is broadly defined as an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is insufficient to finance the entity’s activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group, the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about the entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests, and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights.
We apply Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) guidance for our arrangements with VIEs which requires us to identify entities for which control is achieved through means other than voting rights and to determine which business enterprise is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. In accordance with FASB guidance, management must evaluate each of the Company’s contractual relationships which creates a variable interest in other entities. If the Company has a variable interest and the entity is a VIE, then management must determine whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. If it is determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary, NHI would consolidate the VIE. We identify the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise that has both: (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance; and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the entity. We perform this analysis on an ongoing basis.
If the Company has determined that an entity is not a VIE, the Company assesses the need for consolidation under all other provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810 Consolidation. These provisions provide for consolidation of majority-owned entities where a majority voting interest held by the Company demonstrates control of such entities in the absence of any legal constraints.
At September 30, 2019, we held interests in seven unconsolidated VIEs, and, because we generally lack either directly or through related parties any material input in the activities that most significantly impact their economic performance, we have concluded that NHI is not the primary beneficiary. Accordingly, we account for our transactions with these entities and their subsidiaries at either amortized cost or net realizable value for straight-line receivables.
Our VIEs are summarized below by date of initial involvement. For further discussion of the nature of the relationships, including the sources of our exposure to these VIEs, see the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements cross-referenced below.
1 Notes, straight-line rent receivables, and unamortized lease incentives
We are not obligated to provide support beyond our stated commitments to these tenants and borrowers whom we classify as VIEs, and accordingly, our maximum exposure to loss as a result of these relationships is limited to the amount of our commitments, as shown above and discussed in the notes. When the above relationships involve leases, some additional exposure to economic loss is present. Generally, additional economic loss on a lease, if any, would be limited to that resulting from a short period of arrearage and non-payment of monthly rent before we are able to take effective remedial action, as well as costs incurred in transitioning the lease to a new tenant. The potential extent of such loss will be dependent upon individual facts and circumstances, cannot be quantified, and is therefore not included in the tabulation above. Typically, the only carrying amounts involving our leases are accumulated straight-line receivables and unamortized lease incentives. For VIE relationships listed above without a note reference, refer to our financial statements included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash - Cash equivalents consist of all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less. Restricted cash includes amounts required to be held on deposit in accordance with agency agreements governing our Fannie Mae and HUD mortgages.
The following table sets forth our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in thousands):
September 30, 2019
September 30, 2018
Cash and cash equivalents
Restricted cash (included in Other assets)
Leases - Operating leases entered into during 2019 are accounted for under the guidance of ASC Topic 842, Leases. Our leases generally have an initial leasehold term of 10 to 15 years followed by one or more 5-year tenant renewal options. The leases are “triple net leases” under which the tenant is responsible for the payment of all taxes, utilities, insurance premiums, repairs and other charges relating to the operation of the properties, including required levels of capital expenditures each year. The tenant is obligated at its expense to keep all improvements, fixtures and other components of the properties covered by “all risk” insurance in an amount equal to at least the full replacement cost thereof, and to maintain specified minimal personal injury and property damage insurance, protecting us as well as the tenant. The leases also require the tenant to indemnify and hold us harmless from all claims resulting from the use, occupancy and related activities of each property by the tenant, and to indemnify us against all costs related to any release, discovery, clean-up and removal of hazardous substances or materials, or other environmental responsibility with respect to each facility. These provisions, along with a growing senior demographic and the historical propensity for real estate to hold its value, collectively constitute much of the means by which the risk associated with the residual value of our properties is mitigated. While we do not incorporate residual value guarantees, the above lease provisions and considerations inform our expectation of realizable value from our properties upon the expiration of their lease terms. The residual value of our real estate under lease is still subject to various market, asset, and tenant-specific risks and characteristics. As the classification of our leases is dependent on the fair value of estimated cash flows at lease commencement, management’s projected residual values represent significant assumptions in our accounting for operating leases. Similarly, the exercise of options is also subject to these same risks, making a tenant’s lease term another significant variable in a lease’s cash flows.
Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Earnings Per Share - The weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period is used to calculate basic earnings per common share. Diluted earnings per common share assumes the exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method, to the extent dilutive. Diluted earnings per share also incorporate the potential dilutive impact of our convertible senior notes. We apply the treasury stock method to our convertible debt instruments, the effect of which is that conversion will not be assumed for purposes of computing diluted earnings per share unless the average share price for the period exceeds the conversion price per share.
Reclassifications - We have reclassified certain balances where necessary to conform the presentation of prior periods to the current period. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net income.
New Accounting Pronouncements - For a review of recent accounting pronouncements pertinent to our operations and management’s judgment as to the impact that the eventual adoption of these pronouncements will have on our financial position and results of operations, see Note 10.
NOTE 2. REAL ESTATE
As of September 30, 2019, we owned 222 health care real estate properties located in 34 states and consisting of 145 senior housing communities (“SHO”), 72 skilled nursing facilities, 3 hospitals and 2 medical office buildings. Our senior housing communities include assisted living facilities, senior living campuses, independent living facilities, and entrance-fee communities. These investments (excluding our corporate office of $2,508,000) consisted of properties with an original cost of approximately $3,057,775,000 rented under triple-net leases to 31 lessees.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we made the following real estate investments and related commitments as described below ($ in thousands):
Comfort Care Senior Living
Comfort Care Senior Living
Discovery Senior Living (PropCo Joint Venture)
Capella Living Solutions
Bickford Senior Living
On January 15, 2019, we acquired a 267-unit senior living campus in Massachusetts for a purchase price of $50,300,000, including closing costs of $300,000. The facility is being leased to Wingate Healthcare, Inc. (“Wingate”) for a term of 10 years, with three renewal options of five years each, at an initial lease rate of 7.5% plus annual fixed escalators. We have committed to the additional funding of up to $1,900,000 in capital improvements, and the lease provides for incentive payments up to $5,000,000 to become available beginning in 2020 upon the attainment of certain operating metrics. NHI has a right of first offer on two additional Wingate-operated facilities. We accounted for the transaction as an asset purchase.
On April 30, 2019, we acquired a newly-constructed 60-unit assisted living facility in Shelby, Michigan which has 14 memory care units under construction. The total commitment of $10,800,000 includes $9,282,000 funded at closing with the remaining amount to be funded as construction progresses. On May 20, 2019, we acquired a property in Brighton, Michigan, consisting of 73 assisted living/memory care units. The purchase price for the Brighton acquisition was $13,500,000, inclusive of closing costs. We leased the properties to Comfort Care Senior Living (“Comfort Care”), under leases which provide for initial lease rate of 7.75%, with annual fixed escalators beginning in year three over the term of ten years plus two renewal options of five years each. The leases each include a $3,000,000 earnout incentive which will be added to the respective lease base if funded. We accounted for the acquisitions as asset purchases.
On May 31, 2019, we invested $25,028,000 in cash for a 97.5% equity interest in a consolidated subsidiary ("Discovery PropCo"), which simultaneously acquired from a third party six senior housing facilities comprising 145 independent-living units, 356 assisted-living units and 95 memory-care units, for a total of 596 units. Discovery Senior Housing Investor XXIV, LLC, (“Discovery”) contributed $631,000 for its non-controlling 2.5% equity interest. We invested an additional $102,258,000 as a preferred equity contribution, for a total NHI investment of $127,286,000. The additional equity contribution of $102,258,000 carries a preference in liquidation as well as in the distribution of operating cash flow. After the completion of all transaction accounting during the quarter ended September 30, 2019, minor adjustments were made to reconcile the partnership equity interests. Total cash of $127,917,000 invested in Discovery PropCo included approximately $1,067,000 in closing costs.
The facilities were leased by Discovery PropCo to Discovery for a term of ten years with two renewal periods of five years each at an initial lease rate of 6.5% with fixed annual escalators through the fifth year of the initial lease term followed by CPI-based escalators, subject to floor and ceiling, thereafter. Discovery is eligible, beginning in 2023, for up to $4,000,000 of lease inducement payments upon meeting specified performance metrics. Inducement payments funded under the agreement will be added to the lease base. Additionally, PropCo has committed to Discovery for funding up to $2,000,000 toward the purchase of condominium units located at one of the facilities. The total purchase price for the properties acquired, as discussed above, was allocated to the tangible assets based upon their relative fair values consisting of $6,301,000 to the land and $121,616,000 to the buildings and improvements. We accounted for the transaction as an asset purchase.
As the managing member, NHI manages Discovery Propco, subject to certain consent rights of Discovery for significant business decisions. Because of our control of Discovery PropCo, we include its assets, liabilities, noncontrolling interest and operations in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Cappella Living Solutions
On July 23, 2019, we acquired a 51-unit assisted living facility in Pueblo, Colorado for $7,600,000 including $100,000 of closing costs. We leased the facility to Christian Living Services, Inc., d/b/a Cappella Living Solutions, for a term of 15 years at an initial lease rate of 7.25%, with CPI escalators subject to a floor and ceiling. We accounted for this transaction as an asset purchase.
In November 2018, we entered into a lease amendment and guaranty release (“the Agreement”) with an affiliate of Holiday Retirement (“Holiday”). Among other provisions, the Agreement decreased base rent beginning in 2019 from $39,000,000 to $31,500,000, extended the term of the original lease through 2035, and increased required minimum capital expenditure per unit. As consideration for amending provisions included in the original 2013 lease, Holiday agreed to pay NHI $55,125,000 in cash or real estate and forfeit $10,637,000 of their original $21,275,000 security deposit.
On January 31, 2019, we acquired a senior housing facility in Vero Beach, Florida from Holiday consisting of 157 independent living and 71 assisted living units in exchange for $38,000,000 toward the $55,125,000 receivable arising from the lease amendment, discussed above. The property was added to the master lease at a 6.71% lease rate. Under the restructured master lease, annual lease escalators ranging from 2% to 3%, based on portfolio revenue growth, will go into effect on November 1, 2020. Holiday settled the remaining commitment to NHI with a cash payment of $17,125,000 at closing. Acquisition of the property and collection of residual cash flowed through our accounts as adjustments to lease receivables and resulted in the change of our straight-line receivable from Holiday at the beginning of the year into a straight-line payable, which is included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as “deferred income” at September 30, 2019.
As of September 30, 2019, we leased 26 independent living facilities to Holiday. Of our total revenues, $10,176,000 (12%) and $10,954,000 (15%) were derived from Holiday for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, including $1,664,000 and $1,530,000 in straight-line rent income, respectively. Of our total revenues, $30,283,000 (13%) and $32,863,000 (15%) were derived from Holiday for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, including $4,958,000 and $4,591,000 in straight-line rent income, respectively. Our tenant operates the facilities pursuant to a management agreement with a Holiday-affiliated manager.