20-F 1 d103463d20f.htm ANNUAL REPORT Annual Report
falseFY0.0010.011940.002460.002550.001620.00940.002490.005070.00192P1YP1DP1D0.00770.002960.0030.010320001163653trueus-gaap:OperatingLeaseLiabilityCurrentRepresents the adjustment to initially apply Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” for the year ended March 31, 2019, ASU 2016-02, “Leases” for the year ended March 31, 2020 and ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” for the year ended March 31, 2021.Includes gains and losses reported primarily within Net gain on trading, Gain on private equity and debt investments, and also within Gain (loss) on investments in equity securities, Revenue—Other and Non-interest expenses—Other, Interest and dividends and Interest expense in the consolidated statements of income.Amounts reported in Purchases / issues include increases in trading liabilities while Sales / redemptions include decreases in trading liabilities.Amounts of gains and losses on these transfers which were recognized in the period when the Transfers into Level 3 occurred were not significant for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2021.Transfers into Level 3 indicate certain valuation inputs of a financial instrument become unobservable or significant. Transfers out of Level 3 indicate certain valuation inputs of a financial instrument become observable or insignificant. See Quantitative and qualitative information regarding significant unobservable inputs above for the valuation inputs of each financial instruments.Each derivative classification includes derivatives with multiple risk underlyings. For example, interest rate contracts include complex derivatives referencing interest rate risk as well as foreign exchange risk or other factors such as prepayment rates. Credit contracts include credit default swaps as well as derivatives referencing corporate and government debt securities.Includes all recognized balances irrespective of whether they are transacted under a master netting agreement or whether Nomura has obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability of the master netting agreement. Amounts include transactions carried at fair value through election of the fair value option. As of March 31, 2020, the gross balance of reverse repurchase agreements and repurchase agreements which were not transacted under master netting agreements or are documented under master netting agreements for which Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability was ¥627 billion and ¥6,356 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2020, the gross balance of securities borrowing transactions and securities lending transactions which were not transacted under master netting agreements or are documented under master netting agreements for which Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability was ¥998 billion and ¥138 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, the gross balance of reverse repurchase agreements and repurchase agreements which were not transacted under master netting agreements or are documented under master netting agreements for which Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability was ¥480 billion and ¥2,653 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, the gross balance of securities borrowing transactions and securities lending transactions which were not transacted under master netting agreements or are documented under master netting agreements for which Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability was ¥1,947 billion and ¥213 billion, respectively.Contract liabilities primarily rise from investment advisory services and recognized in connection with the term of the contract based on time elapsed.Represents amounts offset through counterparty netting under master netting and similar agreements for which Nomura has obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability in accordance with ASC 210-20. Amounts offset include transactions carried at fair value through election of the fair value option.Reverse repurchase agreements and securities borrowing transactions are reported within Collateralized agreements—Securities purchased under agreements to resell and Collateralized agreements—Securities borrowed in the consolidated balance sheets, respectively. Repurchase agreements and securities lending transactions are reported within Collateralized financing—Securities sold under agreements to repurchase and Collateralized financing—Securities loaned in the consolidated balance sheets, respectively. Amounts reported under securities lending transactions also include transactions where Nomura lends securities and receives securities that can be sold or pledged as collateral. Nomura recognizes the securities received at fair value and a liability for the same amount, representing the obligation to return those securities. The liability is reported within Other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.Represents amounts which are not permitted to be offset on the face of the balance sheet in accordance with ASC 210-20 but which provide Nomura with the right of offset in the event of counterparty default. Amounts relating to agreements where Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability of such offsetting rights are excluded.Includes marketable and non-marketable equity securities held for other than trading or operating purposes. These investments comprise of listed equity securities and unlisted equity securities of ¥32,545 million and ¥109,310 million respectively, as of March 31, 2020, and ¥30,912 million and ¥239,334 million respectively, as of March 31, 2021. In principle, these securities are carried at fair value, with changes in fair value recognized within Revenue—Other in the consolidated statements of income. It also includes equity securities without readily determinable fair value of ¥65,365 million as of March 31, 2021.As a result of adopting ASU 2016-02 as of April 1, 2019, operating lease liabilities are presented through Other liabilities—Other. See Note 8 “Leases” for further information. It also includes a total liability of ¥62,889 million in respect of outstanding and unsettled investigations, lawsuits and other legal proceedings where loss is considered probable and the loss can be reasonably estimated. See Note 21 “Commitments, contingencies and guarantees” for further information.Includes trading balances of secured borrowings. See Note 13 “Employee benefit plans” for further information.Non-deductible expenses during the year ended March 31, 2019 includes approximately ¥21 billion relating to goodwill impairment losses (which increased Nomura’s effective tax rate by 56.3%) and approximately ¥13 billion relating to litigation provisions and settlements (which increased Nomura’s effective tax rate by 34.0%).Non-taxable income during the year ended March 31, 2020 includes approximately ¥53 billion of the tax effect from non-taxable dividend income from affiliated Nomura companies, including deemed dividend (which decreased Nomura’s effective tax rate by 21.2%).Primarily includes an increase of ¥11,843 million of valuation allowances of certain foreign subsidiaries mainly due to an increase in valuation allowances related to operating loss carryforwards, partially offset by a decrease of valuation allowances related to accrued expenses and provisions, an increase of ¥6,265 million related to Japanese subsidiaries and the Company because of an increase in valuation allowances related to operating loss carryforwards recognized in the current year, an increase of ¥14,976 million of valuation allowances related to Japanese subsidiaries and the Company as a result of changes in the expected realization of deferred tax assets, and a reduction of ¥10,448 million of valuation allowances related to expiration of operating loss carryforwards. In total, ¥22,636 million of allowances increased for the year ended March 31, 2019.Primarily includes a reduction of ¥59,330 million of valuation allowances of certain foreign subsidiaries mainly by expiration of loss carryforwards, an increase of ¥11,462 million of valuation allowances mainly due to a decrease of valuation of financial instruments, and a reduction of ¥8,637 million related to Japanese subsidiaries and the Company mainly by utilization of loss carryforwards. In total, ¥56,505 million of allowances decreased for the year ended March 31, 2020.Primarily includes an increase of ¥48,883 million of valuation allowances of certain foreign subsidiaries mainly due to an increase in valuation allowances related to operating loss carryforwards, a reduction of ¥5,871 million of valuation allowances mainly due to an increase in valuation of financial instruments, and a reduction of ¥3,409 million of valuation allowances related to Japanese subsidiaries and the Company mainly due to an increase of valuation of financial instruments and a decrease of accrued pension and severance costs. In total, ¥39,603 million of allowances increased for the year ended March 31, 2021.See Note 2 “Fair value measurements” for further information.The contractual amount of any unfunded commitments Nomura is required to make to the entities in which the investment is held. The range in frequency with which Nomura can redeem investments. Valuation technique(s) and unobservable valuation inputs in respect of equity securities reported within Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.Range information is provided in percentages, coefficients and multiples and represents the highest and lowest level significant unobservable valuation input used to value that type of financial instrument. A wide dispersion in the range does not necessarily reflect increased uncertainty or subjectivity in the valuation input and is typically just a consequence of the different characteristics of the financial instruments themselves.Weighted average information for non-derivative instruments is calculated by weighting each valuation input by the fair value of the financial instrument.The range in notice period required to be provided before redemption is possible. Tax benefit recognized on the outside basis differences for investment in subsidiaries and affiliates during the year ended March 31, 2021 of approximately ¥21 billion (which decreased Nomura’s effective tax rate by 9.1%) arises from the recognition of deferred tax assets following our decision to transfer the ownership of a certain wholly-owned subsidiary within Nomura and liquidate the subsidiary in the foreseeable future. The valuation allowances of ¥3 billion have been recognized against these deferred tax assets, the impact of which are reported in Changes in deferred tax valuation allowances for the same period.Includes equity investments that would have been accounted for under the equity method had Nomura not chosen to elect the fair value option.Certain investments that are measured at fair value using net asset value per share as a practical expedient have not been classified in the fair value hierarchy. As of March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021, the fair values of these investments which are included in Trading assets and private equity and debt investments were ¥26 billion and ¥24 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021, the fair values of these investments which are included in Other assets—Others were ¥2 billion and ¥4 billion, respectively.Represents the amount offset under counterparty netting of derivative assets and liabilities as well as cash collateral netting against net derivatives.Private equity and debt investments are typically private non-traded financial instruments including ownership or other forms of junior capital (such as mezzanine loan). Includes equity investments that would have been accounted for under the equity method had Nomura not chosen to elect the fair value option.Includes collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”) and asset-backed securities (“ABS”) such as those secured on credit card loans, auto loans and student loans.Includes loans for which the fair value option has been elected.Includes collateralized agreements or collateralized financing for which the fair value option has been elected.Includes structured notes for which the fair value option has been elected.Includes loan commitments for which the fair value option has been elected.Includes embedded derivatives bifurcated from issued structured notes. If unrealized gains are greater than unrealized losses, borrowings are reduced by the excess amount.Includes liabilities recognized from secured financing transactions that are accounted for as financings rather than sales. Nomura elected the fair value option for these liabilities.Includes embedded derivatives bifurcated from deposits received at banks. If unrealized gains are greater than unrealized losses, deposits are reduced by the excess amount.The impact of an increase in the significant unobservable input on the fair value measurement for a derivative assumes Nomura is long risk to the input e.g., long volatility. Where Nomura is short such risk, the impact of an increase would have a converse effect on the fair value measurement of the derivative.The above table only considers the impact of an increase in each significant unobservable valuation input on the fair value measurement of the financial instrument. However, a decrease in the significant unobservable valuation input would have the opposite effect on the fair value measurement of the financial instrument. For example, if an increase in a significant unobservable valuation input would result in a lower fair value measurement, a decrease in the significant unobservable valuation input would result in a higher fair value measurement.Consideration of the interrelationships between significant unobservable inputs is only relevant where more than one unobservable valuation input is used to determine the fair value measurement of the financial instrument.Includes gains and losses reported within Net gain on trading, Gain on private equity and debt investments, and also within Gain on investments in equity securities, Revenue—Other and Non-interest expenses—Other, Interest and dividends and Interest expense in the consolidated statements of income. Includes changes in unrealized gains and losses in Other comprehensive income (loss) for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period. They were ¥2 billion and ¥0 billion for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2021. Includes gains and losses reported primarily within Net gain on trading and Revenue—Other in the consolidated statements of income. Includes reverse repurchase and repurchase agreements. Includes structured notes and other financial liabilities. Includes secured financing transactions arising from transfers of financial assets which did not meet the criteria for sales accounting. Includes unfunded written loan commitments. Other than above, there were ¥321 billion and ¥299 billion of government, agency and municipal securities reported within Other assets—Non-trading debt securities in the consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively. These securities are primarily Japanese government, agency and municipal securities.Includes financial instruments which are carried at fair value on a recurring basis. Carrying values are shown after deducting relevant allowances for credit losses. As of March 31, 2020 and 2021, the amounts reported include derivatives used for non-trading purposes which are not designated as fair value or net investment hedges. These amounts have not been separately presented since such amounts were not significant.Each derivative classification includes derivatives referencing multiple risk components. For example, certain interest rate contracts include complex derivatives referencing interest rate risk as well as foreign exchange risk or other factors such as prepayment rates. Credit contracts include credit default swaps as well as derivatives referencing corporate and government securities.Includes the amount of embedded derivatives bifurcated in accordance with ASC 815.Includes all gross derivative asset and liability balances irrespective of whether they are transacted under a master netting agreement or whether Nomura has obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability of the master netting agreement. As of March 31, 2020, the gross balance of derivative assets and derivative liabilities which are not documented under master netting agreements or are documented under master netting agreements for which Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability was ¥1,013 billion and ¥1,046 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, the gross balance of such derivative assets and derivative liabilities was ¥392 billion and ¥589 billion, respectively.Represents amounts offset through counterparty netting of derivative assets and liabilities as well as cash collateral netting against net derivatives under master netting and similar agreements for which Nomura has obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability in accordance with ASC 815. As of March 31, 2020, Nomura offset a total of ¥1,679 billion of cash collateral receivables against net derivative liabilities and ¥1,940 billion of cash collateral payables against net derivative assets. As of March 31, 2021, Nomura offset a total of ¥1,594 billion of cash collateral receivables against net derivative liabilities and ¥1,683 billion of cash collateral payables against net derivative assets.Net derivative assets and net derivative liabilities are generally reported within Trading assets and private equity investments—Trading assets and Trading liabilities, respectively in the consolidated balance sheet. Bifurcated embedded derivatives are reported within Short-term borrowings or Long-term borrowings depending on the maturity of the underlying host contract.Represents amounts which are not permitted to be offset on the consolidated balance sheets in accordance with ASC 210-20 and ASC 815 but which provide Nomura with a legally enforceable right of offset in the event of counterparty default. Amounts relating to derivative and collateral agreements where Nomura has not yet obtained sufficient evidence of enforceability of such offsetting rights are excluded. As of March 31, 2020, a total of ¥374 billion of cash collateral receivables and ¥540 billion of cash collateral payables, including amounts reported in the table, have not been offset against net derivatives. As of March 31, 2021, a total of ¥283 billion of cash collateral receivables and ¥572 billion of cash collateral payables, including amounts reported in the table, have not been offset against net derivatives.Each derivative classification includes derivatives referencing multiple risk components. For example, interest rates contracts include complex derivatives referencing interest rate risk as well as foreign exchange risk or other factors such as prepayment rates. Credit contracts include credit default swaps as well as derivatives referencing corporate and government securities.Includes net gains (losses) on derivatives used for non-trading purposes which are not designated as fair value or net investment hedges. For the years ended March 31, 2019 and 2020, these amounts were not significant. For the year ended March 31, 2021, net losses for these non-trading derivatives were ¥3 billion.Carrying value amounts are shown on a gross basis prior to cash collateral or counterparty netting. Asset balances represent positive fair value amounts caused by tightening of credit spreads of underlyings since inception of the credit derivative contracts.“Other” includes credit derivatives where the credit rating of the underlying reference asset is below investment grade or where a rating is unavailable. Open transactions do not have an explicit contractual maturity date and are terminable on demand by Nomura or the counterparty. Includes loans receivable and loan commitments carried at fair value through election of the fair value option.In March 2021, following the default by the U.S. client an additional allowance for credit losses of ¥41,561 million was taken on the loans with the client. See Note 23. “U.S. Prime Brokerage Event” for further information on this event. Includes collateralized agreements, customer contract assets and receivables and other receivables.Includes CLOs and ABS such as those secured on credit card loans, auto loans and student loans.Repurchase agreements and securities lending transactions are reported within Collateralized financing—Securities sold under agreements to repurchase and Collateralized financing—Securities loaned in the consolidated balance sheets, respectively. Amounts reported for securities lending transactions also include transactions where Nomura lends securities and receives securities that can be sold or pledged as collateral. Nomura recognizes the securities received at fair value and a liability for the same amount, representing the obligation to return those securities. The liability is reported within Other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The total gross recognized liabilities reported for repurchase agreements and securities lending transactions are consistent with the total gross balances reported in the offsetting disclosures above. Includes ¥2,170 billion of U.S. government sponsored agency mortgage pass through securities and collateralized mortgage obligations.Includes the effect of foreign exchange movements. The balance recognized on April 1, 2020 on adoption of the CECL impairment model under ASC 326.Relate to collateralized exposures where a specified ratio of LTV is maintained.Includes the effect of foreign exchange movements and recoveries collected. Includes loans of ¥197,859 million in relation to the transactions with the U.S. client. Cost, accumulated depreciation and net carrying amounts include amounts relating to real estate utilized by Nomura.Gross sublease income represents income from subleases separate from lease payments made by Nomura on the head lease as lessee.For the year ended March 31, 2021, Nomura recognized goodwill as a result of acquiring 100% of the ownership interests in Greentech Capital, LLC which has been allocated in its entirety to the Wholesale division for segmental reporting and reporting unit purposes. See Note 9 “Business Combination” for further information.Includes currency translation adjustments.Includes secured borrowings of ¥170,290 million as of March 31, 2020 and ¥55,569 million as of March 31, 2021.Includes secured borrowings of ¥72,543 million as of March 31, 2020 and ¥118,106 million as of March 31, 2021. Includes secured borrowings of ¥774,319 million as of March 31, 2020 and ¥788,618 million as of March 31, 2021. Includes corporate type equity investments. Includes mainly debt investment funds. Hedge funds and real estate funds are also included. Certain assets that are measured at fair value using net asset value per share as a practical expedient have not been classified in the fair value hierarchy. As of March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020, the fair values of these assets were ¥6,462 million and ¥6,090 million, respectively. As a result of adopting ASU 2016-02 as of April 1, 2019, ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are included by ¥23,733mil and ¥20,793mil as of March 31,2020 and 2021 respectively.Non-interest revenue and Non-interest expense for the year ended March 31, 2021 include losses arising from the U.S. Prime Brokerage Event. See Note.23 “Loss Arising from U.S. Prime Brokerage Event.”Includes losses arising from the U.S. Prime Brokerage Event. See Note. 23 “Loss Arising from U.S. Prime Brokerage Event.”The earliest year in which Nomura remains subject to examination for transfer pricing issues is 2015.Credit derivatives are disclosed in Note 3 “Derivative instruments and hedging activities” and are excluded from derivative contracts.Derivative contracts primarily consist of equity, interest rate and foreign exchange contracts.The amounts of collaterals held in connection with standby letters of credit and other guarantees as of March 31, 2020 was ¥nil million.As of March 31, 2021, primarily related to a certain sponsored repo program where Nomura guarantees to a 3rd party clearinghouse the payment of its clients’ obligations. Our exposure under this guarantee is minimized through effectively obtainingcollaterals whose amount is approximately equal to the maximum potential payout of the guarantee.Includes an impairment loss of ¥47,661 million on Nomura’s investment in Nomura Real Estate holdings, Inc. for the year ended March 31, 2021. Considering the period and extent to which the share price was below carrying value, Nomura determined the impairment was other-than-temporary and therefore the impairment loss was recognized. The loss was classified within Non-interest expenses—Other in the consolidated statements of income.The income before income taxes for the year ended March 31, 2021 includes a gain of ¥ 71,075 million which represents the difference between the fair value of the assets acquired and the carrying value of the assets transferred by Nomura as a result of the rights conversion of the Tokyo Nihonbashi district redevelopment project.Includes gain of ¥73,293 million from the partial sale of Nomura’s investment in ordinary shares of Nomura Research Institute, Ltd. for the year ended March 31, 2020.Includes the impact of Nomura’s own creditworthiness.There is no revenue derived from transactions with a single major external customer.During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, as a result of the rights conversion of the Tokyo Nihonbashi district redevelopment project, we have changed our estimate of undiscounted cash flows for the ARO associated with our properties. 0001163653 2020-04-01 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