Company Quick10K Filing
Nvent Electric
Price21.90 EPS1
Shares174 P/E16
MCap3,806 P/FCF24
Net Debt1,106 EBIT281
TEV4,913 TEV/EBIT17
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-23
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-10-30
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-07-31
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-29
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-25
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-30
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-01
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-04-25
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-19
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-25
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-26
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-08
8-K 2020-10-30
8-K 2020-07-31
8-K 2020-05-15
8-K 2020-05-01
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-03-06
8-K 2020-02-05
8-K 2019-10-30
8-K 2019-09-27
8-K 2019-09-24
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-05-10
8-K 2019-04-25
8-K 2019-03-01
8-K 2019-01-31
8-K 2018-12-14
8-K 2018-10-25
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-04-25
8-K 2018-04-19
8-K 2018-04-19
8-K 2018-04-09

NVT 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-10.8 ex108employeestockpurchase.htm
EX-21 ex21nventplcsubsidiaries20.htm
EX-23 ex23consentofregisteredpub.htm
EX-24 ex24powerofattorney20201231.htm
EX-31.1 ex311ceocertification20201.htm
EX-31.2 ex312cfocertification20201.htm
EX-32.1 ex321ceocertification20201.htm
EX-32.2 ex322cfocertification20201.htm

Nvent Electric Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.08.06.04.02.00.02016201720182020
Assets, Equity
0.60.50.40.20.10.02016201720182020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.80.50.2-0.2-0.5-0.82016201720182020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-38265
nVent Electric plc
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Ireland 98-1391970
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification number)
The Mille, 1000 Great West Road, 8th Floor (East), London, TW8 9DW, United Kingdom
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: 44-20-3966-0279
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares, nominal value $0.01 per shareNVTNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨    No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer 
 
Non-accelerated filer 
 
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes     No þ
Aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, based on the closing price of $18.73 per share as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2020 (the last business day of Registrant's most recently completed second quarter): $3,149,938,990.
The number of shares outstanding of Registrant's only class of common stock on December 31, 2020 was 168,182,047.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Parts of the Registrant's definitive proxy statement for its annual general meeting to be held on May 14, 2021, are incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K in response to Part III, ITEM 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14.



nVent Electric plc
Annual Report on Form 10-K
For the Year Ended December 31, 2020
 
     Page
PART I
ITEM 1.   
ITEM 1A.   
ITEM 1B.   
ITEM 2.   
ITEM 3.   
ITEM 4.   
PART II
ITEM 5.   
ITEM 6.   
ITEM 7.   
ITEM 7A.   
ITEM 8.   
ITEM 9.   
ITEM 9A.   
ITEM 9B.   
PART III
ITEM 10.   
ITEM 11.   
ITEM 12.   
ITEM 13.   
ITEM 14.   
PART IV
ITEM 15.   
ITEM 16.   
   




PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS
COMPANY OVERVIEW
nVent Electric plc is a leading global provider of electrical connection and protection solutions. We believe our inventive electrical solutions enable safer systems and ensure a more secure world. We design, manufacture, market, install and service high performance products and solutions that connect and protect some of the world’s most sensitive equipment, buildings and critical processes. We offer a comprehensive range of enclosures, electrical fastening solutions and thermal management solutions across industry-leading brands that are recognized globally for quality, reliability and innovation.

Our broad range of products and solutions connect and protect our customers’ mission-critical equipment from hazardous conditions, improving their utilization, lowering costs and minimizing downtime. The cost of our products typically represents a small proportion of the total cost of our customers’ end systems. We also are a small cost relative to the potential cost of failure that our products help avoid. We have a portfolio of premier, industry-leading brands, including nVent CADDY, ERICO, HOFFMAN, RAYCHEM, SCHROFF and TRACER, some of which have a history spanning over 100 years, that cover a wide range of verticals, including Industrial, Commercial & Residential, Energy and Infrastructure.

Unless the context otherwise indicates, references herein to "nVent," the "Company," and such words as "we," "us," and "our" include nVent Electric plc and its consolidated subsidiaries. Our principal office is in London, United Kingdom and our management office in the United States ("U.S.") is in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Company was incorporated in Ireland on May 30, 2017. Although our jurisdiction of organization is Ireland, we manage our affairs so that we are centrally managed and controlled in the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") and have our tax residency in the U.K.

HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
On April 30, 2018, Pentair plc ("Pentair" or "former Parent") completed the separation of its Water business and its Electrical business into two independent, publicly-traded companies (the "separation"). To effect the separation, Pentair distributed to its shareholders one ordinary share of nVent for every ordinary share of Pentair held as of the record date of April 17, 2018. As a result of the distribution, nVent is now an independent publicly-traded company and began "regular way" trading under the symbol "NVT" on the New York Stock Exchange on May 1, 2018.

Our roots within Pentair trace back to the acquisition of Federal-Hoffman Corporation in 1988, which included the nVent HOFFMAN enclosures brand. From that starting point, we have grown both organically and via acquisition. Our Enclosures business first applied lean principles within the organization in the 1990s, leveraging its culture of customer service and operational excellence. In 2012, Pentair merged with Tyco International Ltd.’s Flow Control division, which included our Thermal Management business and the nVent RAYCHEM brand, a global leader in heat tracing solutions. In 2015, Pentair acquired ERICO Global Company, a leading global manufacturer of superior engineered electrical and fastening products, which operates as our Electrical & Fastening Solutions business, broadening our product offering and enabling us to provide additional global solutions to our combined customers.

We aim to continue our journey as a “One nVent” organization, with unified focus on commercial excellence, digital transformation, scaled and integrated technology, including Internet of Things (“IoT”), and global presence and capabilities. As we scale our capabilities under our umbrella brand of nVent, we expect to expand our products and solutions and to continue to differentiate our company by creating solutions that solve problems for our customers.

Our Spark management system defines how we operate. The five elements of Spark are People, Growth, Lean, Digital and Velocity. Together, they provide the mindset and operating system to propel the success of our company. Spark supports the high performance culture we are building at nVent.
People are at the core of Spark, positively impacting our business and growing their careers.
Growth is the foundation of Spark, driving shareholder, customer and employee value.
Lean is the relentless pursuit of eliminating waste and increasing velocity.
Digital transforms our products and how we do business, improving both customer and employee experiences.
Velocity is increasing speed in all we do for each other and our customers.


1


BUSINESS AND PRODUCTS
We operate across three segments: Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management. The following is a brief description of each of the Company's reportable segments and business activities.

Enclosures
Our Enclosures business provides innovative solutions to connect and protect critical electronics, communication, control and power equipment. We are a leader in the enclosures sector, and our key brands, nVent HOFFMAN and SCHROFF, have a long history of solving customers’ problems by providing high quality solutions.

nVent HOFFMAN provides trusted enclosure solutions for challenging operating environments and is one of the largest brands of enclosures in North America and a leader globally. The offerings connect and protect through reliable solutions that protect, power and cool equipment used by panel builders, original equipment manufacturers and directly by other end-users, including customized products for hazardous environments. The nVent HOFFMAN brand is over 75 years old and is recognized for delivering superior design, testing, certification and overall product quality. nVent HOFFMAN’s product customization and global footprint, along with reputation, have helped it garner long-standing relationships with many of the world’s largest industrial companies.

nVent SCHROFF provides highly-customized and technologically-advanced enclosures. These products connect and protect mission-critical electronics and communications equipment by providing a wide range of innovative standard products and customized solutions. nVent SCHROFF’s innovation is demonstrated by its constant flow of new product designs, including a focus on smart products capable of providing connectivity and remote management. The nVent SCHROFF brand is a leader due to its product flexibility and customer-first focus.

Electrical & Fastening Solutions
Our Electrical & Fastening Solutions business provides fastening solutions that connect and protect electrical and mechanical systems and civil structures.

We are a global leader in fastening solutions with spring steel and specialty metal fixings and reinforced steel connections, and our products are primarily marketed under the nVent CADDY brand. Our products reduce total installed cost by ease of installation, provide design flexibility and increase structural integrity in electrical and mechanical fastening applications through inventive products and solutions and customer intimacy. These products are targeted towards commercial and industrial verticals with applications in fire & seismic, data & telecommunications, electrical fastening and heating, ventilation and air conditioning. These products are primarily used by electricians, telecommunications installers and roof top contractors.

We are also a global leader in bonding, grounding, lightning protection and low voltage power distribution products and solutions. These products are primarily marketed under the nVent ERICO brand. We offer a comprehensive range of facility electrical connection and protection solutions to protect against electrical transients to improve safety and reliability of electrical systems. Our products reduce total cost of ownership and provide design flexibility by offering maintenance free and reliable products and global end-user application expertise and intimacy. These products are targeted towards commercial, infrastructure and industrial verticals with applications in telecommunication, power distribution and facility electrical protection. These products and solutions are primarily used by electricians, panel builders, energy contractors and lightning protection installers.

Thermal Management
Our Thermal Management business provides electric thermal solutions that connect and protect critical buildings, infrastructure, industrial processes and people. Its highly reliable and easy-to-install solutions lower total cost of ownership to building owners, facility managers, operators and end users. Thermal Management’s products have been installed in some of the world’s most iconic buildings.

For industrial and energy, we provide industrial heat-tracing and wiring, control and monitoring, sensing, engineering and construction services under industry leading nVent RAYCHEM and TRACER brands, primarily serving chemical and other industries. Products and solutions include heat tracing for freeze protection and process temperature maintenance, temperature control and monitoring systems, heat-traced tubing bundles, instrument winterization and tank heating systems. For commercial, residential and infrastructure, we provide products and services primarily under our nVent RAYCHEM brand. Applications include pipe freeze protection, roof and gutter de-icing, surface snow melting, hot water temperature maintenance, floor heating, fire rated wiring and leak detection for healthcare, recreation, hospitality, commercial offices and education facilities.


2



Impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus 2019 ("COVID-19") in 2020 resulted in a global slowdown of economic activity including worldwide travel restrictions, prohibitions of non-essential work activities, disruption and shutdown of businesses and greater uncertainty in global financial markets, all of which resulted in COVID-19 having an impact on our financial performance in fiscal 2020. As this pandemic endures and continues to have an impact on global economic activity, the extent to which COVID-19 adversely impacts our future business operations, financial performance and results of operations is uncertain and will depend on many factors outside our control. For a further discussion of the risks, uncertainties and actions taken in response to COVID-19, refer to ITEM 1A "Risk Factors" and ITEM 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations", included in this Form 10-K.

Competition
The markets for our products and services are geographically diverse and highly competitive. We compete against large and well-established national and global companies, as well as regional and local companies and lower-cost manufacturers. Some of our competitors, in particular smaller companies, attempt to compete based primarily on price, localized expertise and local relationships, especially with respect to products and applications that do not require a great deal of engineering or technical expertise. In addition, during economic downturns average selling prices tend to decrease as market participants compete more aggressively on price. Competition focuses on product performance, price, quality and service.

Our success depends on a variety of factors, including technical expertise, reputation for quality and reliability, timeliness of delivery, previous installation history, contractual terms and price. As many of our products sell through electrical distributors, data center contractors, original equipment manufacturers and maintenance contractors, our success also depends on building and partnering with a strong channel and distribution network.

Seasonality
We generally experience increased demand for Electrical & Fastening Solutions products during the spring and summer months in the Northern Hemisphere and increased demand for Thermal Management products and services during the fall and winter months in the Northern Hemisphere.

Backlog of Orders by Segment
December 31
In millions20202019$ change% change
Enclosures$117.0 $114.3 $2.7 2.4 %
Electrical & Fastening Solutions34.1 28.8 5.3 18.4 
Thermal Management155.9 156.7 (0.8)(0.5)
Total$307.0 $299.8 $7.2 2.4 %

A substantial portion of our revenues result from orders received and products delivered in the same month. Our backlog typically has a short manufacturing cycle and products generally ship within 90 days of the date on which a customer places an order. However, a portion of our backlog, particularly from orders for major capital projects, can take more than one year depending on the size and type of order. We record as part of our backlog all orders from external customers, which represent firm commitments, and are supported by a purchase order or other legitimate contract. We expect the majority of our backlog at December 31, 2020 will be shipped in 2021.

Raw materials
The principal materials we use in manufacturing our products are mild steel, stainless steel, electronic components, plastics (resins, fiberglass, epoxies), copper and paint (powder and liquid). In addition to the purchase of raw materials, we purchase some finished goods for distribution through our sales channels.

We purchase the materials we use in various manufacturing processes on the open market and the majority is available through multiple sources which are in adequate supply. We have not experienced any significant work stoppages to date due to shortages of materials. We have certain long-term commitments, principally price commitments, for the purchase of various component parts and raw materials and believe that it is unlikely that any of these agreements would be terminated prematurely. Alternate sources of supply at competitive prices are available for most materials for which long-term commitments exist and we believe that the termination of any of these commitments would not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

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Certain commodities, such as metals and resin, are subject to market and duty-driven price fluctuations. We manage these fluctuations through several mechanisms, including long-term agreements with price adjustment clauses for significant commodity market movements in certain circumstances. Prices for raw materials, such as metals and resins, may trend higher in the future.

Intellectual property
Patents, non-compete agreements, proprietary technologies, customer relationships, trademarks, trade names and brand names are important to our business. However, we do not regard our business as being materially dependent upon any single patent, non-compete agreement, proprietary technology, customer relationship, trademark, trade name or brand name.

Patents, patent applications and license agreements will expire or terminate over time by operation of law, in accordance with their terms or otherwise. We do not expect the termination of patents, patent applications or license agreements to have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Captive insurance subsidiary
We insure certain general and product liability, property, workers' compensation and automobile liability risks through our regulated wholly-owned captive insurance subsidiary, Tonka Bay Insurance Company ("Tonka Bay"). Reserves for policy claims are established based on actuarial projections of ultimate losses. Accruals are established with respect to liabilities insured by third parties, such as liabilities arising from acquired businesses, pre-Tonka Bay liabilities and those of certain non-U.S. operations.
Matters pertaining to Tonka Bay are discussed in ITEM 3, included in this Form 10-K.

HUMAN CAPITAL MATTERS
As of December 31, 2020, we employed approximately 8,800 people worldwide.

Response to COVID-19 Pandemic
In response to the evolving impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, we took proactive steps to help protect the safety and well-being of our employees, as well as maintain the continuity of our business. We quickly created a cross-functional, global Enterprise COVID-19 Response Task Force to track and address COVID cases and impacts in the locations around the world where our employees live and work. Many of our office workers began to, and continue to, work remotely. Within our manufacturing and office areas in each region where we operate, taking into account government guidance and local recommendations, we implemented safety protocols such as face masks, social distancing, enhanced cleaning and temperature checks. In addition, we have implemented new communication channels and increased the level of communication from our leaders to better inform and support our employees.

Inclusion and Diversity
We aspire to be an equitable, inclusive and diverse company. We believe that the unique contributions of individuals with varying backgrounds and experiences will benefit our businesses. Guided by our Win Right values, we are committed to creating a workplace culture where everyone is included and respected. Our Code of Conduct spells out our commitment to equal opportunity and fair treatment for all. We do not tolerate acts of harassment, including any conduct or statements made on the basis of protected status that are intimidating, hostile or abusive.

Our leaders actively support and encourage employee development and engagement, including through our CEO Inclusion Council and an active Inclusion & Diversity Advisory Council. These councils promote inclusion across all dimensions of diversity.

We also support our Employee Resource Groups (“ERGs”), which were created organically by our employees and which provide a support system to foster awareness, promote inclusion and respect and provide a sounding board on strategic initiatives for nVent. Open to all employees, the ERGs are designed to create connections and opportunities for development, training and community involvement. In 2020, we had approximately 400 members globally in the following ERGs:
Grass Roots – raises awareness and encourages the adoption of sustainable practices among nVent employees, and identifies opportunities for the company to improve its sustainability efforts.
Global Women’s Network – offers education, networking, development and business opportunities for women at all levels.
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Connecting Cultures – provides a safe, educational, open space for individuals to broaden their understanding and appreciation of multiculturalism, inclusion and diversity.
Allies – focuses on ensuring a safe space for our LGBTQ+ employees by providing education and awareness such as the use of pronouns and LBGTQ+ 101 training.

In 2020, we expanded our training offerings and mentoring programs, and focused on communications. An Inclusion Index was embedded into our Engagement Survey. Our employees from around the globe engaged in panel discussions on the topics of race and bias. We also built the platform for the beginnings of a Supplier Diversity program in early 2021. Our Chief Executive Officer has signed the CEO Action Pledge for Diversity and Inclusion as we joined the Minnesota Business Partnership on Diversity and Inclusion.

Our culture and values focus on our people. We intentionally built inclusion and diversity into our culture from nVent’s start. During 2020, we provided opportunities for our employees to openly discuss their perspectives about social injustice, and inclusion and diversity with over 50 listening circles, and panel discussions. We are also committed to ongoing efforts to combat racism.

Gender Diversity In The Workplace (as of December 31, 2020):
44% of our executive leadership team are female; 56% are male
24% of our global management team are female; 76% are male
23% of all other employees are female; 77% are male

Compensation and Benefits
We strive to offer our employees across the world comprehensive benefit programs that reflect the market practices in their country of employment. We participate in and review remuneration surveys from leading, independent consultants for all of our countries so that we have the information to set competitive wages and salaries.

We are dedicated to providing equitable compensation as a commitment to our people. By focusing on equitable pay, we enhance our ability to grow, retain and motivate diverse employees on our team. We believe diverse teams drive innovation, connection and growth for our employees.

As part of this commitment to our people, we conduct pay parity reviews of our compensation systems. The goal of these reviews is to ensure internal pay alignment and equitable treatment for employees, as well as providing competitive and performance-based pay.

Employee Engagement and Development
We believe it is important to hear from our employees to learn about what we are doing well, and where we can become stronger. In 2020, we completed our second global Employee Engagement Survey with targeted questions about inclusion and our strengths as an employer. All employees were invited to participate in the survey and provide confidential feedback. We had an 85% participation rate, and achieved an eight-point favorability increase in employee satisfaction compared to our 2018 survey. All of our people managers were required to share survey results with their teams, and develop action plans to address specific areas of improvement.

We are also committed to supporting the development of our employees. In 2020, we launched a variety of tools and training to enable our employees to develop a better understanding of their strengths and development opportunities. Our professional employees were asked to create individual development plans identifying key competencies to continue to grow or develop. With the goal of aligning development with retention, we also encourage our employees to regularly engage with their managers to discuss their performance, development and career aspirations.

Code of Conduct Training
Our Code of Conduct training is completed by approximately 3,600 professional employees each year. The courses are offered in 12 different languages to employees in 34 countries. Topics in 2020 included nVent’s Code of Business Conduct & Ethics, Unconscious Bias, Harassment and Preventing Fraud. In 2020, we completed the training with 100% completion rate among professional employees. Additionally we launched role-based training in the areas of Trade Compliance and Antitrust.
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In 2020, a live Code of Conduct training program for our offline, shop floor employees was introduced to sites in the United States, China and the Netherlands.

We provide multiple ways for employees to ask for help and report misconduct and illegal or unethical behavior, including doing so anonymously. A Helpline is available on our website (www.nventethics.com) and is available 24/7 and accessible in over 200 languages. We are committed to investigating and responding to reported concerns. nVent prohibits retaliation against anyone who raises concerns or makes good-faith reports regarding possible breaches of law or policy or ethical violations.

Workplace Health and Safety
The safety and well-being of our employees is our top priority. We are committed to preventing workplace injuries and maintaining a positive, healthy work environment. We encourage our employees to put safety first, speak up when they observe unsafe conditions or behaviors and follow all safety practices. We expect our employees to maintain a workplace free from illegal or controlled substances, weapons or potentially dangerous devices, and we strive for all nVent locations to meet or exceed all applicable Environmental, Health, and Safety ("EHS") requirements. We utilize a common safety standard identified within our EHS Lean Assessment highlighting expectations surrounding management commitment, employee engagement, metrics, regulatory compliance and hazard control.

We monitor and track health and safety data, including employee injuries, environmental releases and regulatory inspections. Additionally, we assess the EHS maturity of our locations by measuring progress against nVent's EHS Lean Assessment and Standards and region specific regulatory compliance evaluations, as well as nVent's employee driven risk notification program. Results are reviewed monthly to reduce recordable injury rates and to drive improvement within our EHS programs. Globally, we have adopted guidelines from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) in the United States to determine recordable injuries.

We believe we have achieved a strong safety track record through employee engagement and proactive risk management.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION
We make available free of charge (other than an investor's own Internet access charges) through our Internet website (http://www.nvent.com) our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and if applicable, amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Reports of beneficial ownership filed by our directors and executive officers pursuant to Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act are also available on our website. We are not including the information contained on our website as part of, or incorporating it by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider all of the information in this document and the following risk factors before making an investment decision regarding our securities. Any of the following risks could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and the actual outcome of matters as to which forward-looking statement are made in this document.

Risks Relating to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be materially adversely affected by global public health epidemics, including the current global COVID-19 pandemic.
Our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be adversely affected if a global public health pandemic, including the current global COVID-19 pandemic, interferes with the ability of our employees, vendors and customers to perform our and their respective responsibilities and obligations relative to the conduct of our business. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted economic activity and markets around the world, and it has had, and could continue to have, a material negative impact on our business in numerous ways, including but not limited to those outlined below:

The risk that we or our employees, vendors or customers may be prevented from conducting business activities for an indefinite period of time, including shutdowns that may be requested or mandated by governmental authorities or that we determine are appropriate to sanitize our facilities.

Restrictions on travel to or from locations where we provide services, or restrictions on shipping products from certain jurisdictions where they are produced or into certain jurisdictions where customers are located.
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Inability to meet our customers’ needs and achieve costs targets due to disruptions in our manufacturing and supply arrangements caused by the loss or disruption of essential manufacturing and supply elements such as raw materials or other finished product components, transportation, workforce or other manufacturing and distribution capability.

Failure of third parties on which we rely, including our suppliers, distributors, contractors and commercial banks, to meet their obligations to us, or significant disruptions in their ability to do so, which may be caused by their own financial or operational difficulties and may adversely impact our operations.

Significant reductions in demand or significant volatility in demand for one or more of our products and a global economic recession that could further reduce demand and/or pricing for our products, resulting from actions taken by governments, businesses and/or the general public in an effort to limit exposure to and spreading of such infectious diseases, such as travel restrictions, quarantines and business shutdowns or slowdowns. Deteriorating economic and political conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as increased unemployment, decreases in capital spending, business shutdowns or economic recessions, could cause a further decrease in demand for our products.

Delays or modifications to our strategic plans, initiatives and goals due to disruptions or uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic for a sustained period of time.

An impairment in the carrying value of goodwill or intangible assets or a change in the useful life of definite-lived intangible assets could occur if there are sustained changes in consumer purchasing behaviors, government restrictions, financial results, or a deterioration of macroeconomic conditions. As a result of the adverse market and economic conditions attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with significant volatility in oil and gas prices leading to a potential sustained downturn in the energy industry, during the third quarter of 2020, we recognized pre-tax, non-cash goodwill impairment expense of $212.3 million related to the Thermal Management reporting unit. During the third quarter of 2020, we also recognized pre-tax, non-cash impairment expense of $8.2 million related to trade names.

Actions we have taken or may take, or decisions we have made or may make as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic may result in legal claims or litigation against us.

The global spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption, which is likely to continue and could cause a global recession. While we have taken certain actions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic to lower costs, preserve our liquidity and manage cash flow, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows is uncertain and will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict, including:

the duration and scope of the pandemic;

governmental, business and individual actions taken in response to the pandemic and the impact of those actions on global economic activity;

the actions taken in response to economic disruption;

the impact of business disruptions on our customers and the resulting impact on their demand for our products and services; and

our customers' ability to pay for our products and services.

Any of these factors could cause or contribute to the risks and uncertainties identified below and could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Risks Relating to Our Business

General global economic and business conditions affect demand for our products.
We compete in various geographic regions and product markets around the world. Among these, the most significant are global industrial markets and commercial markets. We expect to experience fluctuations in revenues and results of operations due to economic and business cycles. Important factors for our business and the businesses of our customers include the overall strength of the economy and our customers’ confidence in the economy, industrial and governmental capital spending, the strength of the commercial real estate market, unemployment rates, availability of commercial financing, interest rates and energy and commodity prices. The businesses of many of our industrial customers are to varying degrees cyclical and have
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experienced periodic downturns. While we attempt to minimize our exposure to economic or market fluctuations by serving a balanced mix of end markets and geographic regions, any of the above factors, individually or in the aggregate, or a significant or sustained downturn in a specific end market or geographic region could reduce demand for our products and services, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We compete in attractive markets with a high level of competition, which may result in pressure on our profit margins and limit our ability to maintain or increase the market share of our products.
The markets for our products and services are geographically diverse and highly competitive. We compete against large and well-established national and global companies, as well as regional and local companies and lower-cost manufacturers. We compete based on technical expertise, reputation for quality and reliability, timeliness of delivery, previous installation history, contractual terms and price. Some of our competitors, in particular smaller companies, attempt to compete based primarily on price, localized expertise and local relationships, especially with respect to products and applications that do not require a great deal of engineering or technical expertise. In addition, during economic downturns average selling prices tend to decrease as market participants compete more aggressively on price. If we are unable to continue to differentiate our products, services and solutions, or if we are forced to cut prices or to incur additional costs to remain competitive, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Our future growth is dependent upon our ability to adapt our products, services and organization to meet the demands of local markets in both developed and emerging economies and by developing or acquiring new technologies that achieve market acceptance with acceptable margins.
We operate in global markets that are characterized by customer demand that is often global in scope but localized in delivery. We compete with thousands of smaller regional and local companies that may be positioned to offer products produced at lower cost than ours, or to capitalize on highly localized relationships and knowledge that are difficult for us to replicate. Also, in several emerging markets potential customers prefer local suppliers, in some cases because of existing relationships and in other cases because of local legal restrictions or incentives that favor local businesses. Accordingly, our future success depends upon a number of factors, including our ability to adapt our products, services, organization, workforce and sales strategies to fit localities throughout the world, particularly in high-growth emerging markets; identify emerging technological and other trends in our target end markets; and develop or acquire competitive products and services and bring them to market quickly and cost-effectively. The failure to effectively adapt our products or services could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

A sustained downturn in the energy industry, due to oil and gas prices decreasing or otherwise, could decrease demand for some of our products and services.
A portion of our revenue historically has been generated by end-users in the oil and gas markets where we serve all three major categories of customers in the petroleum industry—upstream exploration/production, midstream transportation and downstream refining. We primarily serve the customer categories of midstream transportation and downstream refining. The businesses of most of our customers in the energy industry are, to varying degrees, cyclical and historically have experienced periodic downturns. Profitability in the energy industry is highly sensitive to supply and demand cycles and commodity prices, which historically have been volatile, and our customers in this industry have tended to delay large capital projects, including expensive maintenance and upgrades, during industry downturns. Customer project delays and cancellations may limit our ability to realize value from our backlog as expected and cause fluctuations in the timing or the amount of revenue earned and the profitability of our business in a particular period. In addition, such delays and cancellations may lead to significant fluctuations in results of operations from quarter to quarter, making it difficult to predict our financial performance on a quarterly basis.

Demand for a portion of our products and services depends upon the level of capital expenditure by companies in the energy industry, which depends, in part, on energy prices. Prices of oil and gas are volatile and within recent years, the price of crude oil has declined significantly. We have experienced suspensions or delays in large capital projects within the energy sector, especially in the upstream exploration and production sector, and most notably in Canada. A sustained downturn in the capital expenditures of our customers, whether due to a decrease in the market price of oil and gas or otherwise, may delay projects, decrease demand for our products and services and cause downward pressure on the prices we charge, which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

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We may not be able to identify, finance and complete suitable acquisitions and investments, and any completed acquisitions and investments could be unsuccessful or consume significant resources.
Our business strategy includes acquiring businesses and making investments that complement our existing business. We expect to analyze and evaluate the acquisition of strategic businesses or product lines with the potential to strengthen our industry position or enhance our existing set of product and service offerings. We may not be able to identify suitable acquisition candidates, obtain financing or have sufficient cash necessary for acquisitions or successfully complete acquisitions in the future. Acquisitions and investments may involve significant cash expenditures, debt incurrences, equity issuances, operating losses and expenses. Acquisitions involve numerous other risks, including:

diversion of management time and attention from daily operations;

difficulties integrating acquired businesses, technologies and personnel into our business;

difficulties in obtaining and verifying the financial statements and other business information of acquired businesses;

inability to obtain required regulatory approvals;

potential loss of key employees, key contractual relationships or key customers of acquired companies or of ours;

assumption of the liabilities and exposure to unforeseen liabilities of acquired companies, including risks relating to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”); and

dilution of interests of holders of nVent ordinary shares through the issuance of equity securities or equity-linked securities.

It may be difficult for us to complete transactions quickly and to integrate acquired operations efficiently into our business operations. Any acquisitions or investments may not be successful and may ultimately result in impairment charges and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We may not achieve some or all of the expected benefits of our business initiatives.
During 2020, 2019 and 2018, we continued execution of certain business restructuring initiatives aimed at reducing our fixed cost structure and realigning our business. In order to align our resources with our growth strategies, operate more efficiently and control costs, we may periodically announce in the future restructuring plans, which may include workforce reductions, global plant closures and consolidations, asset impairments and other cost reduction initiatives. As these plans and actions are complex, we may not be able to achieve the operating efficiencies to reduce costs or realize benefits that were anticipated in connection with these initiatives. If we are unable to execute these initiatives as planned, we may not realize all or any of the anticipated benefits, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Our backlog may fluctuate and material amounts of cancellations or reductions of orders or a failure to deliver our backlog on time could affect our future sales.
Our backlog is comprised of the portion of firm signed purchase orders or other written contractual commitments received from customers that we have not recognized as revenue. Backlog may increase or decrease based on the addition of large multi-year projects and their subsequent completion. Backlog may also be favorably or unfavorably affected by foreign currency rate fluctuations. The dollar amount of backlog as of December 31, 2020 was $307.0 million. The timing of our recognition of revenue out of our backlog is subject to a variety of factors that may cause delays, many of which, including fluctuations in our customers’ delivery schedules, are beyond our control. Such delays may lead to significant fluctuations in results of operations from quarter to quarter, making it difficult to predict our financial performance on a quarterly basis. Further, while we have historically experienced few order cancellations and the amount of order cancellations has not been material compared to our total contract volume, if we were to experience a significant amount of cancellations of or reductions in purchase orders, it would reduce our backlog and, consequently, our future sales and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

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Our future revenue depends in part on our ability to bid and win new contracts.
Our future revenue and overall results of operations require us to successfully bid on new contracts and, in particular, contracts for large greenfield projects, which are frequently subject to competitive bidding processes. Our revenue from major projects depends in part on the level of capital expenditures in some of our principal end markets, including the energy, chemical processing and power generation industries. The number of such projects we win in any year fluctuates, and is dependent upon the number of projects available and our ability to bid successfully for such projects. Contract proposals and negotiations are complex and frequently involve a lengthy bidding and selection process, which is affected by a number of factors, such as competitive position, market conditions, financing arrangements and required governmental approvals. If negative market conditions arise, or if we fail to secure adequate financial arrangements or required governmental approvals, we may not be able to pursue particular projects or win new contracts, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are exposed to political, regulatory, economic and other risks that arise from operating a multinational business.
Sales outside of the U.S. for the year ended December 31, 2020 accounted for approximately 41% of our net sales. Further, our business obtains some products, components and raw materials from non-U.S. suppliers. Accordingly, our business is subject to the political, regulatory, economic and other risks that are inherent in operating in numerous countries. These risks include:
 
the imposition of tariffs, exchange controls or other trade restrictions;

changes in general economic and political conditions in countries where we operate, particularly in emerging markets;

relatively more severe economic conditions in some international markets than in the U.S.;

the difficulty of enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through non-U.S. legal systems;

the difficulty of communicating and monitoring standards and directives across our global facilities;

trade protection measures and import or export licensing requirements and restrictions;

the possibility of terrorist action affecting us or our operations;

the threat of nationalization and expropriation;

difficulty in staffing and managing widespread operations in non-U.S. labor markets;

changes in tax treaties, laws or rulings that could have a material adverse impact on our effective tax rate;

limitations on repatriation of earnings;

the difficulty of protecting intellectual property in non-U.S. countries; and

changes in and required compliance with a variety of non-U.S. laws and regulations.
 
Our success depends in part on our ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks. We cannot assure you that these and other factors will not have a material adverse effect on our international operations or on our business as a whole.

A disruption in the availability, price or quality of products or materials that we manufacture and source from various countries throughout the world could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Our business is subject to risks associated with global manufacturing and sourcing. We use a variety of raw materials in the production of our products including steel, aluminum, copper, nickel, paints and plastics. We also purchase certain electrical and electronic components and packaging materials from a number of suppliers. Significant shortages in the availability of these materials or price increases could increase our operating costs and adversely impact the competitive positions of our products. We rely on materials, components and finished goods that are sourced from or manufactured outside the U.S., including Mexico, China and other countries, and these countries may experience political or trade instability, which could disrupt our supply of products or materials. We rely on our suppliers to produce high quality materials, components and finished goods according to our specifications. Although we have quality control procedures in place, there is a risk that products may not meet our specifications which could impact our ability to ship quality products to our customers on a timely basis.

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Our Thermal Management segment’s dependence on subcontractors and third party suppliers and manufacturers with respect to projects could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our Thermal Management segment often relies on third party subcontractors as well as third party suppliers and manufacturers to complete projects. To the extent that we cannot engage subcontractors or acquire supplies or materials from third parties for these projects, our ability to complete a project in a timely fashion or at a profit may be impaired. If the amount we are required to pay for these goods and services exceeds the amount we have estimated in bidding for fixed-price contracts, we could experience losses on these contracts. In addition, if a subcontractor, supplier or manufacturer is unable to deliver its services or materials according to the negotiated contract terms for any reason, including the deterioration of its financial condition or over-commitment of its resources, we may be required to purchase the services or materials from another source at a higher price. This may reduce the profit to be realized or result in a loss on a project for which the services or materials were needed.

Intellectual property challenges may hinder our ability to develop, engineer and market our products.
Patents, non-compete agreements, proprietary technologies, customer relationships, trademarks, trade names and brand names are important to our business. Intellectual property protection, however, may not preclude competitors from developing products similar to ours or from challenging our names or products. Our pending patent applications, and our pending copyright and trademark registration applications, may not be allowed or competitors may challenge the validity or scope of our patents, copyrights or trademarks. In addition, our patents, copyrights, trademarks and other intellectual property rights may not provide us a significant competitive advantage. Over the past few years, we have noticed an increasing tendency for participants in our markets to use challenges to intellectual property as a means to compete. Patent and trademark challenges increase our costs to develop, engineer and market our products. We may need to spend significant resources monitoring our intellectual property rights and we may or may not be able to detect infringement by third parties. If we fail to successfully enforce our intellectual property rights or register new patents, our competitive position could suffer, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We have significant goodwill and intangible assets and future impairment of our goodwill and intangible assets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
We test goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment on at least an annual basis, and more frequently if circumstances warrant, by comparing the estimated fair value of our reporting unit to its respective carrying values on its balance sheets. As of December 31, 2020, our goodwill and intangible assets were $3.2 billion and represented 73% of our total assets. We recorded a pre-tax, non-cash goodwill impairment expense of $212.3 million related to the Thermal Management reporting unit and $8.2 million related to trade names in 2020. In connection with the impairment test as of September 30, 2020, the percentage of excess fair value over carrying value of our Electrical & Fastening Solutions reporting unit was approximately 5%. Changes in economic and operating conditions impacting the assumptions used in our impairment tests could result in future goodwill and intangible asset impairment expense.

Risks Relating to Legal, Regulatory and Compliance Matters

Changes in U.S. and foreign government administrative policy, including changes to existing trade agreements and U.S government sanctions, could have a material adverse effect on us.
As a result of changes to U.S. and foreign government administrative policy, there may be changes to existing trade agreements, greater restrictions on free trade generally, significant increases in tariffs on goods imported into the U.S. particularly tariffs on products manufactured in China, Canada and Mexico, among other possible changes.

In addition, from time to time, the U.S. government has imposed sanctions restricting U.S. companies from conducting business with specified non-U.S. individuals and companies. In particular, the U.S. government has imposed sanctions through several executive orders and legislation restricting U.S. companies from conducting business with specified Russian and Ukrainian individuals and companies. While we believe that the executive orders currently do not preclude us from conducting business with our current customers or vendors in Russia, the sanctions imposed by the U.S. government may be expanded in the future to restrict us from engaging with them. If we are unable to conduct business with new or existing customers or vendors or pursue business opportunities in Russia or Ukraine, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Changes in U.S. social, political, regulatory and economic conditions or in laws and policies governing foreign trade, manufacturing, development and investment in the territories and countries where we currently manufacture and sell products, and any resulting negative sentiments towards the U.S. as a result of such changes, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

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Violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-corruption laws outside the U.S. or international trade compliance regulations could have a material adverse effect on us.
The FCPA and similar anti-corruption laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials or other persons for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We operate in many parts of the world that are recognized as having governmental and commercial corruption and in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Because many of our customers and end users are involved in infrastructure construction and energy production, they are often subject to increased scrutiny by regulators.
Further, our global operations require importing and exporting goods and technology across international borders on a regular basis. Certain of the products we manufacture are “dual use” products, which are products that may have both civil and military applications, or may otherwise be involved in weapons proliferation, and are often subject to more stringent export controls. From time to time, we may obtain or receive information alleging improper activity in connection with imports or exports.
Our policies mandate strict compliance with applicable laws and regulations, including those pertaining to anti-corruption, anti-bribery and trade. However, even when we are in strict compliance with law and our policies, we may suffer reputational damage if certain of our products are sold through various intermediaries to entities operating in sanctioned countries. We cannot assure that our internal control policies and procedures will always protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or third-party intermediaries. In the event that we believe or have reason to believe that our employees or agents have or may have violated applicable laws, we may be required to investigate or have outside counsel investigate the relevant facts and circumstances, which can be expensive and require significant time and attention from senior management. Violations of these laws may require self-disclosure to governmental agencies and result in criminal or civil sanctions, which could disrupt our business, cause denial of import or export privileges, and result in a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are exposed to potential environmental laws, liabilities and litigation.
We are subject to U.S. federal, state, local and non-U.S. laws and regulations governing our environmental practices, public and worker health and safety, and the indoor and outdoor environment. Compliance with these environmental, health and safety regulations could require us to satisfy environmental liabilities, increase the cost of manufacturing our products or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Any violations of these laws by us could cause us to incur unanticipated liabilities. We are also required to comply with various environmental laws and maintain permits, some of which are subject to renewal from time to time, for many of our businesses and we could suffer if we are unable to renew existing permits or to obtain any additional permits that we may require. Compliance with environmental requirements also could require significant operating or capital expenditures or result in significant operational restrictions. We cannot assure you that we have been or will be at all times in compliance with environmental and health and safety laws. If we violate these laws, we could be fined, criminally charged or otherwise sanctioned by regulators.

We have been named as defendant, target or a potentially responsible party ("PRP") in a number of environmental cleanups relating to our current or former business units. We may be named as a PRP at other sites in the future for existing business units, as well as both divested and acquired businesses. In addition to clean-up actions brought by governmental authorities, private parties could bring personal injury or other claims due to the presence of, or exposure to, hazardous substances. Certain environmental laws impose liability on current or previous owners or operators of real property for the cost of removal or remediation of hazardous substances at their properties or at properties at which they have disposed of hazardous substances. The cost of clean-up and other environmental liabilities can be difficult to accurately predict. In addition, environmental requirements change and tend to become more stringent over time. Our eventual environmental clean-up costs and liabilities could exceed the amount of our current reserves.

We may incur significant costs in our efforts to successfully avoid, manage, defend and litigate intellectual property matters.
From time to time, we receive notices from third parties alleging intellectual property infringement. Any dispute or litigation involving intellectual property could be costly and time-consuming due to the complexity and the uncertainty of intellectual property litigation. Our intellectual property portfolio may not be useful in asserting a counterclaim, or negotiating a license, in response to a claim of infringement or misappropriation. In addition, as a result of such claims, we may lose our rights to utilize critical technology, may be required to pay substantial damages or license fees with respect to the infringed rights or may be required to redesign our products at a substantial cost, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
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We are exposed to certain regulatory and financial risks related to climate change.
Climate change is receiving ever increasing attention worldwide. Many scientists, legislators and others attribute global warming to increased levels of greenhouse gases, which has led to significant legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") has published findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, and other greenhouse gases ("GHGs") present an endangerment to public health and the environment because emissions of such gases are, according to the EPA, contributing to the warming of the earth's atmosphere and other climate changes. Based on these findings, the EPA has implemented regulations that require reporting of GHG emissions, or that limit emissions of GHGs from certain mobile or stationary sources. In addition, the U.S. Congress and federal and state regulatory agencies have considered other legislation and regulatory proposals to reduce emissions of GHGs, and many states have already taken legal measures to reduce emissions of GHGs, primarily through the development of GHG inventories, GHG permitting and/or regional GHG cap-and-trade programs. It is uncertain whether, when and in what form a federal mandatory carbon dioxide emissions reduction program, or other state programs, may be adopted. Similarly, certain countries have adopted the Kyoto Protocol and/or the Paris Accord, and these and other existing international initiatives or those under consideration could affect our international operations. To the extent our customers, particularly our energy and industrial customers, are subject to any of these or other similar proposed or newly enacted laws and regulations, we are exposed to risks that the additional costs incurred by customers to comply with such laws and regulations could impact their ability or desire to continue to operate at similar levels in certain jurisdictions as historically seen or as currently anticipated, which could negatively impact their demand for our products and services. These actions could also increase costs associated with our operations, including costs for raw materials and transportation. Because it is uncertain what laws will be enacted, we cannot predict the potential impact of such laws on our future financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Increased information technology security threats and computer crime pose a risk to our systems, networks, products and services, and we are exposed to potential regulatory, financial and reputational risks relating to the protection of our data.
We rely upon information technology systems and networks in connection with a variety of business activities, some of which are managed by third parties. Additionally, we collect and store data that is sensitive to us and our employees, customers, distributors and suppliers. As our business increasingly interfaces with employees, customers, distributors and suppliers using information technology systems and networks, we are subject to an increased risk to the secure operation of these systems and networks and to additional laws and regulatory requirements regarding data privacy, including the European Union General Data Protection Regulation. The secure operation of these information technology systems and networks, and the processing and maintenance of this data is critical to our business operations and strategy. Information technology security threats are increasing in frequency and sophistication. These threats pose a risk to the security of our systems and networks and the confidentiality, availability and integrity of the data we process and maintain and pose a risk of theft to our assets. Establishing systems and processes to address these threats and changes in legal requirements relating to data collection and storage may increase our costs. We have experienced data breaches, and, although we have determined such data breaches to be immaterial and such data breaches have not had a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, there can be no assurance of similar results in the future. Should future attacks succeed in the theft of assets, exporting sensitive data or financial information or controlling sensitive systems or networks, it could expose us and our employees, customers, distributors and suppliers to the theft of assets, misuse of information or systems, the compromising of confidential information, manipulation and destruction of data, defective products, production downtimes and operations disruptions, and breach of privacy, which may require notification under data privacy and other applicable laws. The occurrence of any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, such breaches in security could result in litigation, regulatory action and potential liability and the costs and operational consequences of implementing further data protection measures.

We may be negatively impacted by litigation, including product liability claims.
We are currently, and may in the future, become subject to litigation and other claims. We have been made parties to a number of actions filed or have been given notice of potential claims relating to the conduct of our business, including those pertaining to commercial disputes, product liability, asbestos, environmental, safety and health, patent infringement and employment matters. The outcome of such legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty and some may be disposed of unfavorably to us. Our business exposes us to potential litigation, such as product liability claims relating to the design, manufacture and sale of our products. While we currently maintain what we believe to be suitable product liability insurance, we may not be able to maintain this insurance on acceptable terms and this insurance may not provide adequate protection against potential or previously existing liabilities. In addition, we self-insure a portion of product liability claims. Successful claims against us for significant amounts could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
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If the distribution from Pentair fails to qualify as a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then we and our shareholders could be subject to significant tax liability or tax indemnity obligations.
Pentair received an IRS Ruling from the IRS substantially to the effect that, among other things, the distribution and certain related transactions qualify as tax-free under Section 355 and related provisions of the Code. The tax-free nature of the distribution was conditioned on the continued validity of the IRS Ruling, as well as on receipt of a tax opinion, substantially to the effect that, among other things, the distribution would qualify as a tax-free transaction under Section 355 and related provisions of the Code, and certain transactions related to the transfer of assets and liabilities to us in connection with the separation and distribution would not result in the recognition of any gain or loss to Pentair, us or our shareholders. The IRS ruling and the tax opinion relied on certain facts and assumptions, certain representations from Pentair and us regarding the past and future conduct of both businesses and other matters, and the tax opinion relies on the IRS Ruling. Notwithstanding the IRS ruling and tax opinion, the IRS could determine on audit that the distribution should be treated as a taxable transaction if it determines that any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings is not correct or has been violated, or that the distribution should be taxable for other reasons, including as a result of a significant change in stock or asset ownership after the distribution, or if the IRS were to disagree with the conclusions of the tax opinion that are not covered by the IRS ruling. If the distribution is ultimately determined to be taxable, the distribution could be treated as a taxable dividend to you for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and you could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liability. In addition, Pentair and/or we could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liabilities or tax indemnification obligations, whether under applicable law or the tax matters agreement that we entered into with Pentair, if it is ultimately determined that certain related transactions undertaken in anticipation of the distribution are taxable. To the extent we incur any tax liability or indemnification obligation under applicable law or the tax matters agreement, there could be a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and cash flows in future reporting periods.
Risks Relating to Financial Markets and Our Debt and Liquidity
Volatility in currency exchange rates could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Sales outside of the U.S. for the year ended December 31, 2020 accounted for approximately 41% of our net sales. Our financial statements reflect translation of items denominated in non-U.S. currencies to U.S. dollars. Therefore, if the U.S. dollar strengthens in relation to the principal non-U.S. currencies from which we derive revenue as compared to a prior period, our U.S. dollar-reported revenue and income will effectively be decreased to the extent of the change in currency valuations and vice-versa. For the year ended December 31, 2020, foreign currency translations had a 0.2% positive impact on our net sales. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, most notably the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the euro, could have a material adverse effect on our reported revenue and income in future periods.

Disruptions in the financial markets could adversely affect us, our customers and our suppliers by increasing funding costs or reducing availability of credit.
In the normal course of our business, we may access credit markets for general corporate purposes, which may include repayment of indebtedness, acquisitions, additions to working capital, repurchase of shares, capital expenditures and investments in our subsidiaries. Although we expect to have sufficient liquidity to meet our foreseeable needs, our access to and the cost of capital could be negatively impacted by disruptions in the credit markets, which have occurred in the past and made financing terms for borrowers unattractive or unavailable. These factors may make it more difficult or expensive for us to access credit markets if the need arises. In addition, these factors may make it more difficult for our suppliers to meet demand for their products or for prospective customers to commence new projects, as customers and suppliers may experience increased costs of debt financing or difficulties in obtaining debt financing. Disruptions in the financial markets in the past have had adverse effects on other areas of the economy and have led to a slowdown in general economic activity that may adversely affect our businesses. One or more of these factors could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Covenants in our debt instruments may adversely affect us.
Our credit agreements and indentures contain customary financial covenants, including those that limit the amount of our debt, which may restrict the operations of our business and our ability to incur additional debt to finance acquisitions. Our ability to meet the financial covenants can be affected by events beyond our control, and we cannot provide assurance that we will meet those tests. A breach of any of these covenants could result in a default under our credit agreements or indentures. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under any of our credit facilities or indentures, the lenders or trustees could elect to declare all amounts outstanding thereunder to be immediately due and payable and, in the case of credit facility lenders, terminate all commitments to extend further credit. If the lenders or trustees accelerate the repayment of borrowings, we cannot provide assurance that we will have sufficient assets to repay our credit facilities and our other indebtedness. Furthermore, acceleration of any obligation under any of our material debt instruments will permit the holders of our other material debt to accelerate their obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.
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Our indebtedness, and any future increase in debt or raising of additional capital, could affect our financial condition, and may decrease our profitability.
As of December 31, 2020, we had $1.0 billion of total debt outstanding. If we are not able to repay or refinance our debt as it becomes due, we may be forced to sell assets or take other disadvantageous actions, including (i) reducing financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures and general corporate purposes or (ii) dedicating an unsustainable level of our cash flow from operations to the payment of principal and interest on our indebtedness. The lenders who hold such debt could also accelerate amounts due, which could potentially trigger a default or acceleration of any of our other debt.

Further, we may increase our debt or raise additional capital in the future, subject to restrictions in our debt agreements. If our cash flow from operations is less than we anticipate, if our cash requirements are more than we expect, or if we intend to finance acquisitions, we may require more financing. However, debt or equity financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms, if at all. If we incur additional debt or raise equity through the issuance of additional capital shares, the terms of the debt or capital shares issued may give the holders rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of holders of our ordinary shares, particularly in the event of liquidation. The terms of the debt may also impose additional and more stringent restrictions on our operations than we currently have. If we raise funds through the issuance of additional equity, the percentage ownership of existing shareholders in our company would decline. If we are unable to raise additional capital when needed, our financial condition could be adversely affected. Unfavorable changes in the ratings that rating agencies assign to our debt may ultimately negatively impact our access to the debt capital markets and increase the costs we incur to borrow funds. If ratings for our debt are downgraded, our access to the debt capital markets may become restricted. Additionally, our credit agreements generally include an increase in interest rates if the ratings for our debt are downgraded.

Risks Relating to Our Jurisdiction of Incorporation in Ireland and Tax Residency in the U.K.

We are subject to changes in law and other factors that may not allow us to maintain a worldwide effective corporate tax rate that is competitive in our industry.
While we believe that we should be able to maintain a worldwide effective corporate tax rate that is competitive in our industry, we cannot give any assurance as to what our effective tax rate will be in the future, because of, among other things, uncertainty regarding the tax policies of the jurisdictions where we operate. Our actual effective tax rate may vary from our expectation and that variance may be material. Also, the tax laws of the U.S., the U.K., Ireland and other jurisdictions could change in the future, and such changes could cause a material change in our worldwide effective corporate tax rate. In particular, legislative action could be taken by the U.S., the U.K., Ireland or the European Union which could override tax treaties or modify tax statutes or regulations upon which we expect to rely and adversely affect our effective tax rate. We cannot predict the outcome of any specific legislative proposals. If proposals were enacted that had the effect of disregarding our incorporation in Ireland or limiting our ability as an Irish company to maintain tax residency in the U.K. and take advantage of the tax treaties among the U.S., the U.K. and Ireland, we could be subject to increased taxation, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or our effective tax rate in future reporting periods.

A change in our tax residency could have a negative effect on our future profitability, and may trigger taxes on dividends or exit charges.
We are incorporated in Ireland and we are an Irish tax resident under Irish domestic law unless we are regarded as being resident elsewhere (and not Ireland) under the terms of a double tax treaty. Under domestic U.K. law, a company that is centrally managed and controlled in the U.K. is regarded as resident in the U.K. for taxation purposes unless it is treated as resident in another jurisdiction pursuant to any appropriate double tax treaty with the U.K. Other jurisdictions may also seek to assert taxing jurisdiction over us.

Effective for tax periods beginning on or after November 1, 2019, where a company is treated as tax resident under the domestic laws of both the U.K. and Ireland, the Double Tax Convention between the U.K. and Ireland (the “Convention”) signed on June 2, 1976, and as modified by paragraph 1 of Article 4 of the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the “Multilateral Instrument” or “MLI”) provides that the residence of a dual-resident entity should be determined by way of mutual agreement between the Irish Revenue Commissioners and Her Majesty’s Revenue Commissioners. The tie-breaker test provides that, in cases of dual residence, the competent authorities of the two states shall determine by mutual agreement the territory of which the person shall be deemed to be resident for purposes of the Convention.

Our application under the Mutual Agreement Procedure provided for in Article 24 of the Convention (as amended pursuant to the MLI) seeking confirmation that we will continue to be tax resident solely in the U.K. was approved by the competent authorities of the U.K. and Ireland effective December 31, 2019.

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It is possible that in the future, whether as a result of a change in law or the practice of any relevant tax authority or as a result of any change in the conduct of our affairs, we could become, or be regarded as having become, resident in a jurisdiction other than the U.K. If we cease to be resident in the U.K. and become resident in another jurisdiction, we may be subject to U.K. exit charges, and could become liable for additional tax charges in the other jurisdiction (including dividend withholding taxes or corporate income tax charges). If we were to be treated as resident in more than one jurisdiction, we could be subject to taxation in multiple jurisdictions. If, for example, we were considered to be a tax resident of Ireland, we could become liable for Irish corporation tax and any dividends paid by us could be subject to Irish dividend withholding tax.

Legislative action in the U.S. could materially adversely affect us.
Legislative or administrative action may be taken by the U.S. Congress or U.S. Treasury which, if ultimately enacted or finalized, could limit the availability of tax benefits or deductions that we currently claim, override tax treaties upon which we rely, or otherwise affect the taxes that the U.S. imposes on our worldwide operations. Such changes could materially adversely affect our effective tax rate and/or require us to take further action, at potentially significant expense, to seek to preserve our effective tax rate.

Irish law differs from the laws in effect in the U.S. and may afford less protection to holders of our securities.
It may not be possible to enforce court judgments obtained in the U.S. against us in Ireland based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal or state securities laws. In addition, there is some uncertainty as to whether the courts of Ireland would recognize or enforce judgments of U.S. courts obtained against us or our directors or officers based on the civil liabilities provisions of the U.S. federal or state securities laws or hear actions against us or those persons based on those laws. We have been advised that the U.S. currently does not have a treaty with Ireland providing for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. Therefore, a final judgment for the payment of money rendered by any U.S. federal or state court based on civil liability, whether or not based solely on U.S. federal or state securities laws, would not automatically be enforceable in Ireland.

As an Irish company, we are governed by the Companies Act 2014, which differs in some material respects from laws generally applicable to U.S. corporations and shareholders, including, among others, differences relating to interested director and officer transactions and shareholder lawsuits. Likewise, the duties of directors and officers of an Irish company generally are owed to the company only. Shareholders of Irish companies generally do not have a personal right of action against directors or officers of the company and may exercise such rights of action on behalf of the company only in limited circumstances. Accordingly, holders of our securities may have more difficulty protecting their interests than would holders of securities of a corporation incorporated in a jurisdiction of the U.S.

In addition, our articles of association provide that the Irish courts have exclusive jurisdiction to determine any and all derivative actions in which a holder of nVent ordinary shares asserts a claim in the name of nVent, actions asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty of any of the directors of nVent and actions asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of Irish law or our articles of association. Under Irish law, the proper claimant for wrongs committed against nVent, including by our directors, is considered to be nVent itself. Irish law permits a shareholder to initiate a lawsuit on behalf of a company such as nVent only in limited circumstances and requires court permission to do so.

Transfers of nVent ordinary shares may be subject to Irish stamp duty.
Transfers of nVent ordinary shares effected by means of the transfer of book entry interests in the Depository Trust Company ("DTC") will not be subject to Irish stamp duty. However, if you hold your nVent ordinary shares directly, rather than beneficially through DTC, any transfer of your nVent ordinary shares could be subject to Irish stamp duty (currently at the rate of 1 percent of the higher of the price paid or the market value of the shares acquired). Payment of Irish stamp duty is generally a legal obligation of the transferee.

We currently intend to pay (or cause one of our affiliates to pay) stamp duty in connection with share transfers made in the ordinary course of trading by a seller who holds shares directly to a buyer who holds the acquired shares beneficially. In other cases we may, in our absolute discretion, pay (or cause one of our affiliates to pay) any stamp duty. Our constitution provides that, in the event of any such payment, we (i) may seek reimbursement from the buyer, (ii) will have a lien against the shares acquired by such buyer and any dividends paid on such shares and (iii) may set-off the amount of the stamp duty against future dividends on such shares. Parties to a share transfer may assume that any stamp duty arising in respect of a transaction in nVent ordinary shares has been paid unless one or both of such parties is otherwise notified by us.

nVent ordinary shares, received by means of a gift or inheritance, could be subject to Irish capital acquisitions tax.
Irish capital acquisitions tax (“CAT”) could apply to a gift or inheritance of nVent ordinary shares irrespective of the place of residence, ordinary residence or domicile of the parties. This is because nVent ordinary shares will be regarded as property situated in Ireland. The person who receives the gift or inheritance has primary liability for CAT. Gifts and inheritances passing
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between spouses are exempt from CAT. Children have a tax-free threshold which Irish Revenue typically updates annually in respect of taxable gifts or inheritances received from their parents.

General Risk Factors

Our share price may fluctuate significantly.
We cannot predict the prices at which nVent ordinary shares may trade. The market price of nVent ordinary shares may fluctuate widely, depending on many factors, some of which may be beyond our control, including:

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our results of operations due to factors related to our business;

success or failure of our business strategy;

our quarterly or annual earnings, or those of other companies in our industry;

our ability to obtain third-party financing as needed;

announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions or dispositions;

changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations or principles;

changes in earnings estimates by us or securities analysts or our ability to meet those estimates;

the operating and share price performance of other comparable companies;

investors' perceptions of us;

natural or other environmental disasters that investors believe may affect us;

overall market fluctuations;

results from any material litigation, including government investigations or environmental liabilities;

changes in laws and regulations affecting our business; and

general economic conditions and other external factors. 
 
Stock markets in general have experienced volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of a particular company. These broad market fluctuations could have a material adverse effect on our share price.

Our success depends on attracting and retaining qualified personnel.
Our ability to sustain and grow our business requires us to hire, retain and develop a highly skilled and diverse management team and workforce. Failure to ensure that we have the depth and breadth of personnel with the necessary skill set and experience, or the loss of key employees, could impede our ability to deliver our growth objectives and execute our strategy.

Catastrophic and other events beyond our control may disrupt operations at our manufacturing facilities and those of our suppliers, which could cause us to be unable to meet customer demands or increase our costs or reduce customer spending.
If operations at any of our manufacturing facilities or those of our suppliers were to be disrupted as a result of significant equipment failures, natural disasters, earthquakes, power outages, fires, explosions, terrorism, adverse weather conditions, labor disputes, public health epidemics or other catastrophic events or events outside of our control, we may be unable to fill customer orders and otherwise meet customer demand for our products. In addition, these types of events may negatively impact consumer, commercial and industrial spending in impacted regions or, depending on the severity, globally. As a result, any of such events could have a material adverse effect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Interruptions in production, in particular at our manufacturing facilities, could increase our costs and reduce our sales. Any interruption in production capability could require us to make substantial capital expenditures to fill customer orders. We maintain property damage insurance that we believe to be adequate to provide for reconstruction of facilities and equipment, as well as business interruption insurance to mitigate losses resulting from any production interruption or shutdown caused by an insured loss. However, any recovery under our insurance policies may not offset the lost sales or increased costs that may be
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experienced during the disruption of operations, which could have a material adverse effect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We may experience material cost and other inflation.
In the past, we have experienced material cost and other inflation in a number of our businesses. We strive for productivity improvements and implement increases in selling prices to help mitigate cost increases in raw materials, freight, energy, wage and other costs such as pension, health care and insurance. We continue to implement operational initiatives, including commodity price lock strategies, in order to mitigate the impact of this inflation and continuously reduce our costs. However, these actions may not be successful in managing our costs or increasing our productivity. Continued cost inflation or failure of our initiatives to generate cost savings or improve productivity could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
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ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES
Our principal office is located in leased premises in London, U.K., and our management office in the U.S. is located in leased premises in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Our key operations are conducted in manufacturing and distribution facilities throughout the world. The following is a summary of our principal manufacturing, distribution, and service center properties:
Number of Facilities
Manufacturing Plant LocationsManufacturing Plants Distribution FacilitiesService Centers
EnclosuresU.S. and 8 other countries1310
Electrical & Fastening SolutionsU.S. and 2 other countries86
Thermal ManagementU.S. and 2 other countries464
We believe that our production facilities are suitable for their purpose and are adequate to support our businesses. 
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ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We have been made parties to a number of actions filed or have been given notice of potential claims relating to the conduct of our business, including those pertaining to commercial disputes, product liability, asbestos, environmental, safety and health, patent infringement and employment matters.

While we believe that a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows from any such future claims or potential claims is unlikely, given the inherent uncertainty of litigation, a remote possibility exists that a future adverse ruling or unfavorable development could result in future charges that could have a material adverse impact. We do and will continue to periodically reexamine our estimates of probable liabilities and any associated expenses and receivables and make appropriate adjustments to such estimates based on experience and developments in litigation. As a result, the current estimates of the potential impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the proceedings and claims described in the notes to our consolidated and combined financial statements could change in the future.

Environmental matters
We have been named as defendant, target or a potentially responsible party ("PRP") in a number of environmental clean-ups relating to our current or former business units. We may be named as a PRP at other sites in the future for existing business units, as well as both divested and acquired businesses. In addition to clean-up actions brought by governmental authorities, private parties could bring personal injury or other claims due to the presence of, or exposure to, hazardous substances.

Certain environmental laws impose liability on current or previous owners or operators of real property for the cost of removal or remediation of hazardous substances at their properties or at properties at which they have disposed of hazardous substances. Our accruals for environmental matters are recorded on a site-by-site basis when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated, based on current law and existing technologies. It can be difficult to estimate reliably the final costs of investigation and remediation due to various factors. In our opinion, the amounts accrued are appropriate based on facts and circumstances as currently known. As of December 31, 2020, our recorded reserves for environmental matters were not material. We do not anticipate these environmental conditions will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. However, unknown conditions, new details about existing conditions or changes in environmental requirements may give rise to environmental liabilities that will exceed the amount of our current reserves and could have a material adverse effect in the future.

Product liability claims
We are subject to various product liability lawsuits and personal injury claims. A substantial number of lawsuits and claims incurred prior to the effective date of the separation on April 30, 2018 are insured and accrued for by the former Parent’s captive insurance subsidiary. Lawsuits and claims incurred after the separation are insured and accrued for by Tonka Bay, a captive insurance subsidiary of nVent. For all other claims, accruals covering the claims are recorded, on an undiscounted basis, when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated based on existing information. The accruals are adjusted periodically as additional information becomes available. We have not experienced significant unfavorable trends in either the severity or frequency of product liability lawsuits or personal injury claims.
ITEM 4.   MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

Current executive officers of nVent Electric plc, their ages, current position and their business experience during at least the past five years are as follows:
NameAgeCurrent Position and Business Experience
Beth A. Wozniak56Chief Executive Officer since 2018; Ms. Wozniak was the President of Pentair’s Electrical segment during 2017. Ms. Wozniak previously served as President of Pentair’s Flow & Filtration Solutions Global Business Unit from 2015 – 2016. Ms. Wozniak was President of the Environmental and Combustion Controls unit of Honeywell International Inc. (a software-industrial company) from 2011 – 2015 and President of the Sensing and Controls Unit of Honeywell International Inc. from 2006 – 2011, and she held various leadership positions at Honeywell International Inc. and its predecessor AlliedSignal Inc. from 1990 – 2006.
Sara E. Zawoyski
46Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since 2019; Ms. Zawoyski was the Senior Vice President Finance and Treasurer of the Company from 2018 – 2019. Ms. Zawoyski previously served in the following roles at Pentair and its predecessors: Chief Financial Officer, Electrical Segment from 2017 – 2018, Chief Financial Officer, Flow and Filtration Solutions from 2015 – 2017, Chief Financial Officer Flow Technologies from 2014 – 2015, Chief Financial Officer, Equipment Protection from 2012 – 2014, and Vice President Investor Relations from 2010 – 2012. Ms. Zawoyski also previously held various investor relations and managerial finance leadership positions at PepsiAmericas from 2002 – 2010 and various positions in the audit practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP from 1996 – 2002.
Jon D. Lammers56Executive Vice President and General Counsel and Secretary since 2018; Mr. Lammers served as Pentair's General Counsel, Electrical from 2017-2018 and was an attorney at Foulston Siefkin LLP (a Kansas-based law firm) from 2016 – 2017. Mr. Lammers previously served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Spirit Aerosystems Holdings, Inc. (a designer and manufacturer of aerostructures) from 2012 – 2016. He held various senior legal roles, including Deputy North American General Counsel and Asia Pacific General Counsel with Cargill Inc. from 1997 – 2012. Prior to his corporate experience, Mr. Lammers practiced law at Oppenheimer, Wolff & Donnelly (n/k/a Fox Rothschild LLP) from 1993 – 1997 and Paul Hastings LLP from 1991 – 1993.
Elizabeth C. Noonan61Executive Vice President and Chief Growth Officer since 2019; Ms. Noonan was the Chief Marketing Officer at Cree Inc. (a publicly traded manufacturer in the global lighting industry) from 2014 – 2019. Ms. Noonan previously held various leadership roles, including Chief Marketing Officer, with Panasonic Corporation North America from 2011 – 2014 and the Eastman Kodak Company from 1986 – 2011.
Lynnette R. Heath53Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since 2018; Ms. Heath was the Senior Vice President, Global Human Resources of Entrust Datacard (a privately held global security and identity company) from 2009 – 2017. Ms. Heath previously held various human resources roles with General Electric Company from 2000 – 2009, with McKesson Corporation from 1996 – 2000 and with Northern States Power Company (n/k/a Xcel Energy Inc.) from 1992 – 1996.
Aravind Padmanabhan52Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer since 2019; Mr. Padmanabhan was the Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of the Honeywell Connected Worker unit of Honeywell International Inc. (a software-industrial company) from 2018 – 2019, and served as Acting Chief Architect of the Honeywell Sentience Platform in 2018. Mr. Padmanabhan previously served as Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of the Home & Building Technologies unit of Honeywell International Inc. from 2016 – 2018 and the Environmental & Energy Solutions unit of Honeywell International Inc. from 2013 – 2016. Mr. Padmanabhan also previously held various other technology and engineering leadership positions at Honeywell International Inc. from 1997 – 2013.
Randolph A. Wacker56Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer since 2018 and Treasurer since 2019; Mr. Wacker was the Assistant Corporate Controller of Pentair and served in that role from 2005-2017. Mr. Wacker served as the U.S. Controller of Computer Network Technologies from 2004 – 2005. He served over 10 years in corporate controlling and external reporting roles in various public companies. Mr. Wacker also served as an accountant with the public accounting firm Larson, Allen, Weishair & Co., LLP (n/k/a CliftonLarsonAllen) from 1988 – 1993.
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Joseph A. Ruzynski45President of Enclosures since 2018; Mr. Ruzynski was the Vice President of Pentair’s Enclosures Strategic Business Unit and served in that role during 2017. Mr. Ruzynski previously served as Vice President of Pentair’s Engineered Projects Strategic Business Group in its Valves & Controls Global Business Unit from 2016 – 2017 and Vice President of Pentair’s Fluid Motion Business Group from 2015 – 2016. He was the Vice President, Operations of Pentair’s Equipment Protection and Technical Solutions Global Business Units from 2012 – 2014, and held various supply leadership positions with Pentair from 2003 – 2012. Mr. Ruzynski was a Manager with Ernst & Young from 1997 – 2003.
Robert J. van der Kolk52President of Electrical & Fastening Solutions since 2018; Mr. van der Kolk was the Vice President of Pentair’s Engineered & Fastening Solutions Strategic Business Unit of the Electrical segment and served in that role from 2015 – 2017. Mr. van der Kolk previously served as the Executive Vice President, Sales for ERICO from 2011 – 2015, and held various sales, development, and manufacturing leadership roles with ERICO from 2001 – 2008. Mr. van der Kolk held Plant Superintendent and Production Management roles for Cargill in the Netherlands and Germany from 1993 – 2001.
Michael B. Faulconer52President of Thermal Management since 2018; Mr. Faulconer was the Vice President of Pentair’s Thermal Management Strategic Business Unit of the Electrical segment and served in that role during 2017. Mr. Faulconer previously served as the Vice President of Pentair’s Thermal Building Solutions Unit from 2014 – 2016. He was the Vice President, Marketing of Pentair’s Thermal Management Unit from 2010 – 2013. Mr. Faulconer held various general management and marketing leadership roles with Tyco Thermal Controls in the U.S. and Asia from 2001 – 2010. From 1991 – 2000, Mr. Faulconer held various sales roles with Valquip Corporation.

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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our ordinary shares are listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange and trade under the symbol "NVT." As of December 31, 2020, there were 14,213 shareholders of record.

The timing, declaration and payment of future dividends to holders of our ordinary shares will depend upon many factors, including our financial condition and results of operations, the capital requirements of our businesses, industry practice and any other relevant factors.

Share Performance Graph
The following information under the caption "Share Performance Graph" in this ITEM 5 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is not deemed to be "soliciting material" or to be "filed" with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent we specifically incorporate it by reference into such a filing.

The following graph sets forth the cumulative total shareholder return on our ordinary shares from the date of the separation of nVent from Pentair, assuming the investment of $100 on April 30, 2018 and the reinvestment of all dividends since that date to December 31, 2020. The graph also contains for comparison purposes the S&P Mid Cap 400 Index and the S&P Mid Cap 400 Industrials Index, assuming the same investment level and reinvestment of dividends. By virtue of our market capitalization, we are a component of the S&P Mid Cap 400 Index. On the basis of our size and diversity of businesses, we believe the S&P Mid Cap 400 Industrials Index is an appropriate published industry index for comparison purposes.

nvt-20201231_g1.jpg
 Base Period
2018
INDEXED RETURNS
Years ended
Company / IndexApril 30Q4 2018Q4 2019Q4 2020
nVent Electric plc100102.99 117.30 113.84 
S&P Mid Cap 400 Index10088.82 110.18 128.87 
S&P Mid Cap 400 Industrials Index10090.13 118.98 137.03 
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Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information with respect to purchases we made of our ordinary shares during the fourth quarter of 2020:
(a)(b)(c)(d)
Total number of
shares purchased
Average price
paid per share
Total number of shares purchased
as part of publicly announced plans or programs
Dollar value of
shares that may
yet be purchased
under the plans or programs
October 1 – October 24, 2020857,054 $19.33 854,900 $568,604,469 
October 25 – November 21, 20201,251,491 18.72 1,251,393 545,149,839 
November 22 – December 31, 20201,450 19.51 — 545,149,839 
Total2,109,995 2,106,293 
(a)The purchases in this column includes shares repurchased as part of our publicly announced plans and shares deemed surrendered to us by participants in the nVent Electric plc 2018 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the "2018 Plan") and earlier Pentair stock incentive plans that are now outstanding under the 2018 Plan (collectively the "Plans") to satisfy the exercise price or withholding of tax obligations related to the exercise of stock options, vesting of restricted shares and vesting of performance shares.
(b)The average price paid in this column includes shares repurchased as part of our publicly announced plans and shares deemed surrendered to us by participants in the Plans to satisfy the exercise price of stock options and withholding tax obligations due upon stock option exercises, vesting of restricted shares and vesting of performance shares.
(c)The number of shares in this column represents the number of shares repurchased as part of our publicly announced plans to repurchase our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit authorized by the Board of Directors, discussed below.
(d)In July 2018, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $500.0 million (the "2018 Authorization"). In February 2019, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $380.0 million (the "2019 Authorization"). The 2018 and 2019 Authorizations expire on July 23, 2021. As of December 31, 2020, we had $545.1 million available for repurchases under the combined 2018 and 2019 Authorizations.
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ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected historical consolidated and combined financial data presented below should be read in conjunction with the “Risk Factors” in ITEM 1A, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in ITEM 7, and our consolidated and combined financial statements and accompanying notes thereto in ITEM 8 of this Annual report on Form 10-K to fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of the information presented below.

For the periods ended December 31, 2016 and 2017, and for the first four months of the year ended December 31, 2018, certain expenses of Pentair were allocated to nVent for certain support functions that were provided on a centralized basis prior to the separation from Pentair on April 30, 2018. As a result, the financial information included below may not necessarily reflect what nVent's financial position, results of operations and cash flows would have been had it been a stand-alone company during the periods presented.
 Years ended December 31
In millions, except per-share data
20202019201820172016
Consolidated and combined statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) data
Net sales$1,998.6 $2,204.0 $2,213.6 $2,097.9 $2,116.0 
Income (loss) before income taxes(9.5)257.4 268.7 313.3 315.0 
Net income (loss)(47.2)222.7 230.8 361.7 259.1 
Per-share data
Basic:
Earnings (loss) per ordinary share$(0.28)$1.30 $1.29 $2.02 $1.45 
Weighted average shares (1)
169.6 171.6 178.6 179.0 179.0 
Diluted:
Earnings (loss) per ordinary share$(0.28)$1.29 $1.28 $2.00 $1.43 
Weighted average shares (1)
169.6 173.0 180.8 181.2 181.2 
Cash dividends declared and paid per ordinary share
$0.70 $0.70 $0.35 $— $— 
Cash dividends declared and unpaid per ordinary share
$0.175 $0.175 $0.175 $— $— 
Consolidated and combined balance sheets data
Total assets$4,366.1 $4,640.3 $4,552.7 $4,725.0 $4,493.8 
Total debt948.0 1,064.6 941.7 — — 
Total equity2,409.8 2,592.5 2,687.1 3,791.3 3,485.7 
(1)
On April 30, 2018, Pentair completed the separation of its Electrical business, distributing to its shareholders one ordinary share of nVent for every ordinary share of Pentair held as of the record date of April 17, 2018. The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share for periods prior to the separation were calculated using the shares that were distributed to Pentair shareholders upon the separation.



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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations refers to and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated and combined financial statements and the corresponding notes included in ITEM 8.
Forward-looking statements
This report contains statements that we believe to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Without limitation, any statements preceded or followed by or that include the words "targets," "plans," "believes," "expects," "intends," "will," "likely," "may," "anticipates," "estimates," "projects," "forecasts," "should," "would," "positioned," "strategy," "future," "are confident," or words, phrases or terms of similar substance or the negative thereof, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These factors include adverse effects on our business operations or financial results, including due to the impact of the novel coronavirus 2019 ("COVID-19") pandemic and potential impairment of goodwill and trade names; overall global economic and business conditions impacting our business; the ability to achieve the benefits of our restructuring plans; the ability to successfully identify, finance, complete and integrate acquisitions; competition and pricing pressures in the markets we serve, including the impacts of tariffs; volatility in currency exchange rates and commodity prices; inability to generate savings from excellence in operations initiatives consisting of lean enterprise, supply management and cash flow practices; increased risks associated with operating foreign businesses; the ability to deliver backlog and win future project work; failure of markets to accept new product introductions and enhancements; the impact of changes in laws and regulations, including those that limit U.S. tax benefits; the outcome of litigation and governmental proceedings; and the ability to achieve our long-term strategic operating goals. Additional information concerning these and other factors is contained in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), including this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. nVent Electric plc assumes no obligation, and disclaims any obligation, to update the information contained in this report.

The following is the discussion and analysis of changes in the financial condition and results of operations for fiscal year 2020 compared to fiscal year 2019. The discussion and analysis of fiscal year 2018 and changes in the financial condition and results of operations for fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018 that are not included in this Form 10-K may be found in Part II, ITEM 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 25, 2020.
Overview
The terms "us," "we," "our," "the Company" or "nVent" refer to nVent Electric plc. nVent is a leading global provider of electrical connection and protection solutions. We believe our inventive electrical solutions enable safer systems and ensure a more secure world. We design, manufacture, market, install and service high performance products and solutions that connect and protect some of the world's most sensitive equipment, buildings and critical processes. We offer a comprehensive range of enclosures, electrical connections and fastening and thermal management solutions across industry-leading brands that are recognized globally for quality, reliability and innovation.

We classify our operations into business segments based primarily on types of products offered and markets served. We operate across three segments: Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management, which represented approximately 48%, 28% and 24% of total revenues during 2020, respectively.

Enclosures - The Enclosures segment provides innovative solutions to connect and protect critical control systems, electronics, data and electrical equipment. From metallic and non-metallic enclosures to cabinets, subracks and backplanes, it offers the physical infrastructure to host, connect and protect server and network equipment, as well as indoor and outdoor protection for test and measurement, aerospace and defense applications in industrial, infrastructure, energy and commercial verticals.

Electrical & Fastening Solutions - The Electrical & Fastening Solutions segment provides solutions that connect and protect electrical and mechanical systems and civil structures. Its engineered electrical and fastening products are innovative cost efficient and time saving connections that are used across a wide range of verticals, including commercial, industrial, infrastructure and energy.

Thermal Management - The Thermal Management segment provides electric thermal solutions that connect and protect critical buildings, infrastructure, industrial processes and people. Its thermal management systems include heat
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tracing, floor heating, fire-rated and specialty wiring, sensing and snow melting and de-icing solutions for use in industrial, commercial & residential, energy and infrastructure verticals. It's highly reliable and easy to install solutions lower total cost of ownership to building owners, facility managers, operators and end users.

On April 30, 2018, Pentair plc ("Pentair" or "former Parent") completed the separation of its Water business and its Electrical business into two independent, publicly-traded companies (the "separation"). To effect the separation, Pentair distributed to its shareholders one ordinary share of nVent for every ordinary share of Pentair held as of the record date of April 17, 2018. As a result of the distribution, nVent is now an independent publicly-traded company and began regular way trading under the symbol "NVT" on the New York Stock Exchange on May 1, 2018.

The Company was incorporated in Ireland on May 30, 2017. Although our jurisdiction of organization is Ireland, we manage our affairs so that we are centrally managed and controlled in the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") and have tax residency in the U.K.

On August 30, 2019, as part of our Enclosures segment, we completed the acquisition of Eldon for $127.8 million, net of cash acquired. Eldon is an innovative European-based manufacturer of enclosures that protect sensitive electrical, electronic and data and telecommunications components.

On February 10, 2020, we acquired substantially all of the assets of WBT LLC ("WBT") for $29.9 million in cash. The U.S. based WBT business manufactures high-quality cable tray systems that will be marketed as part of the nVent CADDY product line within our Electrical & Fastening Solutions segment and nVent HOFFMAN product line within our Enclosures segment.

COVID-19
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted, and is likely to continue to result, in significant economic disruption and has adversely affected, and is likely to continue to adversely affect, our business. Governments around the world have implemented measures to help control the spread of the virus, including business curtailments and shutdowns, isolating residents to their places of residence and restricting travel. Significant uncertainty exists concerning the duration and magnitude of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, but the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have had and may continue to have an unfavorable impact on our business.
Our top priority remains the safety and well-being of our employees. We have implemented safety and hygiene processes at our manufacturing and distribution locations to help keep our employees safe, including separation of shifts and workstations, temperature monitoring in most locations, and other recommended practices. We have also taken actions to help keep our non-manufacturing employees safe, including: directing employees to work from home, wherever possible, limiting and screening visitors to our facilities, travel restrictions, canceling events that involve large groups of people, encouraging social distancing best practices and enhanced cleaning in our facilities. All of our facilities have a COVID-19 readiness plan, and we have also launched updated wellness programs for employees. We expect to continue to implement these measures until we determine that the COVID-19 pandemic is adequately contained for purposes of our business, and we may take further actions as government authorities require or recommend, or as we determine to be in the best interests of our employees.

We also remain focused on continuing to serve our customers and support critical industries and essential infrastructure such as medical, data centers and networking solutions, energy and defense, among others. Government mandated measures providing for business curtailments or shutdowns have generally excluded certain essential businesses and services, including businesses that manufacture and sell products or services that are considered essential to daily life, or otherwise operate in essential or critical sectors. While our facilities are considered essential and have remained operational, we have experienced intermittent partial closures at certain facilities as a result of these measures or the need to sanitize the facilities and address employee well-being. All of our manufacturing sites are currently operational and we have not experienced any significant disruptions to our supply chain. We have experienced and expect to continue to experience reductions in customer demand in several end-markets across our business segments. During the second, third and fourth quarters of 2020, organic sales declined by approximately 22%, 14% and 11% compared to the same period of the prior year, respectively, which was primarily attributable to the adverse impacts of the pandemic.
In response to the adverse effects of the pandemic, we have taken, and expect to continue to take as appropriate, actions to lower costs, manage our liquidity and focus on cash flow. These actions have included, but are not limited to:
Limiting discretionary spending across the organization;
Reducing payroll costs, which included employee furloughs and temporarily reducing Board of Director fees and salaries for executive officers and other senior leaders in the second and third quarters of 2020;
Temporarily reducing certain discretionary employee benefits;
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Aligning our cost structure to meet demand;
Reducing capital expenditures;
Optimizing working capital through inventory reduction initiatives across business segments and focused actions to optimize customer and vendor payment terms; and
Deferring payment of income and payroll taxes and utilizing job retention subsidies in certain jurisdictions where such opportunities are available.
In addition to actions taken to lower costs, manage our liquidity and focus on cash flow, we remain focused on enhancing our digital and technological capabilities. Our shift to working virtually where possible is allowing us to accelerate our digital initiatives as we collaborate with customers and distribution partners to enhance our websites and improve our digital product content. We are also continuing to invest in our technological capabilities, with new product launches throughout 2020.
We will continue to actively monitor the impacts of the pandemic and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required by governments in the jurisdictions where we operate, or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers and shareholders.
Key trends and uncertainties regarding our existing business
The following trends and uncertainties affected our financial performance in 2020 and 2019, and will likely impact our results in the future:
There are many uncertainties regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, including the anticipated duration and severity of the pandemic and the extent of worldwide social, political and economic disruption it may cause. The magnitude of the impact of the pandemic on our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations cannot be determined at this time, and ultimately will be affected by a number of evolving factors including the length of time that the pandemic continues, its effect on the demand for the Company’s products and services and the supply chain, as well as the impact of governmental regulations imposed in response to the pandemic including potential business curtailments and shutdowns impacting our factories. In addition, the recent significant volatility in oil and gas prices have led to a potential sustained downturn in the energy industry.
We have identified specific product, vertical and geographic market opportunities that we find attractive and continue to pursue, both within and outside the U.S. We are positioning our businesses to more effectively address these opportunities through research and development and additional sales and marketing resources. Unless we successfully penetrate these markets, our organic sales growth will likely be limited or may decline.
We have experienced material and other cost inflation. We strive for productivity improvements and increase in our selling prices to help mitigate this inflation. We expect the current economic environment, including the impacts of tariffs, will result in continuing price volatility for many of our raw materials and purchased components and we are uncertain as to the timing and impact of these market changes.
During 2020 and 2019, we continued execution of certain business restructuring initiatives aimed at reducing our fixed cost structure and realigning our business. In 2020, we executed certain initiatives in response to the decrease in demand attributed to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
In addition to the actions and objectives discussed in the Overview and COVID-19 sections above, our operating objectives in 2021 also include the following:
Executing our social responsibility strategy focused on People, Products and Planet;
Enhancing and supporting employee engagement and development;
Achieving differentiated revenue growth through new products and solutions and market expansion in higher growth vertical markets and key developing regions;
Optimizing our technological capabilities to increasingly generate innovative new and connected products and advance digital transformation; and
Driving operating excellence through lean enterprise initiatives, with specific focus on sourcing and supply management, cash flow management and lean operations;
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Optimizing working capital through inventory reduction initiatives across business segments and focused actions to optimize customer and vendor payment terms; and
Deploying capital strategically to drive growth and value creation.


CONSOLIDATED AND COMBINED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The consolidated and combined results of operations were as follows:
Years ended December 31% / point change
In millions202020192020 vs 2019
Net sales$1,998.6 $2,204.0 (9.3 %)
Cost of goods sold1,249.2 1,338.2 (6.7 %)
Gross profit749.4 865.8 (13.4 %)
% of net sales37.5 %39.3 %(1.8  pts)
Selling, general and administrative447.0 484.5 (7.7 %)
% of net sales22.4 %22.0 %0.4  pts
Research and development43.5 48.2 (9.8 %)
% of net sales2.2 %2.2 %—  pts
Impairment of goodwill and trade names220.5 — N.M.
Operating income38.4 333.1 (88.5 %)
% of net sales1.9 %15.1 %(13.2  pts)
Net interest expense36.4 44.7 N.M.
Other expense
11.5 31.0 N.M.
Income (loss) before income taxes(9.5)257.4 (103.7 %)
Provision for income taxes37.7 34.7 8.6 %
   Effective tax rate(396.8 %)13.5 %N.M.
N.M. Not Meaningful
Net sales
The components of the consolidated net sales change were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Volume(13.5 %)
Price0.2 
   Organic growth (decline)(13.3)
Acquisition3.8 
Currency0.2 
Total(9.3 %)
The 9.3 percent decrease in net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
slowdown in capital spending, largely attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in organic sales decline of approximately 6.5%, 3.0% and 2.5% from our industrial, commercial & residential and energy businesses, respectively, in 2020 from 2019.
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This decrease was partially offset by:
increased sales of $83.5 million in 2020 as a result of the Eldon and WBT acquisitions.
Gross profit 
The 1.8 percentage point decrease in gross profit as a percentage of sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses in cost of goods sold; and
inflationary increases related to certain raw materials, labor and freight costs.
This decrease was partially offset by:
actions taken to lower costs in response to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporarily reducing labor costs and limiting discretionary spending; and
savings generated from our lean and supply management practices.
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") 
The 0.4 percentage point increase in SG&A expense as a percentage of sales in 2020 from 2019 was driven by:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed operating expenses; and
inflationary increases impacting our labor costs.
This increase was partially offset by:
actions taken to lower costs in response to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporarily reducing labor costs and limiting discretionary spending; and
savings generated from restructuring and lean initiatives.
Impairment of goodwill and trade names
During the third quarter of 2020, as a result of the adverse market and economic conditions attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with significant volatility in oil and gas prices leading to a potential sustained downturn in the energy industry, we recognized pre-tax, non-cash impairment expense of $212.3 million related to goodwill in the Thermal Management reporting unit and $8.2 million related to trade names.
Provision for income taxes
The difference in the effective tax rate in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of the $9.5 million loss before income taxes in 2020 and:
impairment of goodwill during the third quarter of 2020 of $212.3 million and the related $21.6 million tax benefit from deferred tax adjustments;
a $19.4 million non-cash charge related to the establishment of a valuation allowance on certain foreign deferred tax assets recorded in the first quarter of 2020; and
the mix of global earnings towards lower tax rate jurisdictions;

SEGMENT RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The summary that follows provides a discussion of the results of operations of our three reportable segments (Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management). Each of these segments comprises various product offerings that serve multiple end users.
We evaluate performance based on sales and segment income and use a variety of ratios to measure performance of our reporting segments. Segment income represents operating income exclusive of intangible amortization, separation costs, costs of restructuring activities, impairments and other unusual non-operating items.
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Enclosures
The net sales and segment income for Enclosures were as follows:
Years ended December 31% / point change
In millions202020192020 vs 2019
Net sales$952.9$1,033.8(7.8 %)
Segment income148.5181.3(18.1 %)
% of net sales15.6%17.5%(1.9  pts)
Net sales
The components of the change in Enclosures net sales were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Volume(14.2 %)
Price(0.5)
   Organic growth (decline)(14.7)
Acquisition6.6 
Currency0.3 
Total(7.8 %)
The 7.8 percent decrease in Enclosures net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
slowdown in capital spending, largely attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in organic sales decline of approximately 8.0% and 2.5% from our industrial and infrastructure businesses, respectively, and approximately 2.0% from each our energy and commercial & residential businesses in 2020 from 2019.
This increase was partially offset by:
increased sales of $68.4 million in 2020 as a result of the Eldon acquisition.
Segment income
The components of the change in Enclosures segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Growth/acquisition(2.5  pts)
Price(0.4)
Currency0.4 
Net productivity0.6 
Total(1.9  pts)
The 1.9 percentage point decrease in segment income for Enclosures as a percentage of net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses; and
inflationary increases related to certain raw materials, labor and freight costs.
This decrease was partially offset by:
actions taken to lower costs in response to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporarily reducing labor costs and limiting discretionary spending; and
savings generated from restructuring and lean initiatives.
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Electrical & Fastening Solutions
The net sales and segment income for Electrical & Fastening Solutions were as follows:
Years ended December 31% / point change
In millions202020192020 vs 2019
Net sales$569.1$579.6(1.8 %)
Segment income150.2149.70.3 %
% of net sales26.4%25.8%0.6  pts
Net sales
The components of the change in Electrical & Fastening Solutions net sales were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Volume(6.1 %)
Price1.6 
   Organic growth (decline)(4.5)
Acquisition2.6 
Currency0.1 
Total(1.8 %)
The 1.8 percent decrease in Electrical & Fastening Solutions net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:.
slowdown in capital spending, largely attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in organic sales decline of approximately 5.5% from our commercial & residential business in 2020 from 2019.
This decrease was partially offset by:
increased sales of $15.1 million in 2020 as a result of the WBT acquisition;
organic sales growth contribution of approximately 1.0% from each our energy and infrastructure businesses in 2020 from 2019; and
selective increases in selling prices to offset inflationary cost increases.
Segment income
The components of the change in Electrical & Fastening Solutions segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Growth/acquisition(2.4  pts)
Price1.2 
Currency0.1 
Net productivity1.7 
Total0.6  pts
The 0.6 percentage point increase in segment income for Electrical & Fastening Solutions as a percentage of net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
actions taken to lower costs in response to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporarily reducing labor costs and limiting discretionary spending; and
selective increases in selling prices to offset inflationary cost increases.
This increase was partially offset by:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses; and
inflationary increases related to certain raw materials, labor and freight costs.
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Thermal Management
The net sales and segment income for Thermal Management were as follows:
Years ended December 31% / point change
In millions202020192020 vs 2019
Net sales$476.6$590.6(19.3 %)
Segment income93.9145.3(35.4 %)
% of net sales19.7%24.6%(4.9  pts)
Net sales
The components of the change in Thermal Management net sales were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Volume(19.3 %)
Price— 
   Organic growth (decline)(19.3)
Currency— 
Total(19.3 %)
The 19.3 percent decrease in Thermal Management net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
slowdown in capital spending, attributable to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and significant volatility in oil and gas prices, resulting in organic sales decline of approximately 10.0%, 7.0% and 2.5% from our industrial, energy and commercial & residential businesses, respectively, in 2020 from 2019.
Segment income
The components of the change in Thermal Management segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
2020 vs 2019
Growth/acquisition(6.6  pts)
Net productivity1.7 
Total(4.9  pts)
The 4.9 percentage point decrease in segment income for Thermal Management as a percentage of net sales in 2020 from 2019 was primarily the result of:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses;
the impact of unfavorable product mix; and
inflationary increases related to certain raw materials, labor and freight costs.
This decrease was partially offset by:
actions taken to lower costs in response to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporarily reducing labor costs and limiting discretionary spending; and
savings generated from restructuring and lean initiatives.

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The primary source of liquidity for our business is cash flows provided by operations. We expect to continue to have cash requirements to support working capital needs and capital expenditures, to pay interest and service debt and to pay dividends to shareholders quarterly. We believe we have the ability and sufficient capacity to meet these cash requirements by using available cash, internally generated funds and borrowing under committed credit facilities. We are focused on increasing our cash flow, while continuing to fund our research and development, sales and marketing and capital investment initiatives. Our intent is to maintain investment grade metrics and a solid liquidity position.

In March 2020, as a proactive measure to maximize our liquidity in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, we drew down $150.0 million on our Revolving Credit Facility, as defined below. We repaid this amount, and an additional $100.0 million, on the Revolving Credit Facility in the third and fourth quarters of 2020. As of December 31, 2020, we had $122.5 million of cash on hand, of which $22.4 million is held in certain countries in which the ability to repatriate is limited due to local regulations or significant potential tax consequences.
We experience seasonal cash flows primarily due to increased demand for Electrical & Fastening Solutions products during the spring and summer months in the Northern Hemisphere and increased demand for Thermal Management products and services during the fall and winter months in the Northern Hemisphere.
Operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $344.0 million in 2020, compared to $336.3 million in 2019. Net cash provided by operating activities in 2020 primarily reflects net income of $275.9 million, net of non-cash depreciation, amortization, and impairment expenses, and the positive impact of $46.8 million as a result of changes in net working capital. Cash provided by operating activities in 2019 primarily reflects net income of $319.5 million, net of non-cash depreciation and amortization, and the positive impact of $6.3 million as a result of changes in net working capital.
Investing activities
Net cash used for investing activities was $65.0 million in 2020, compared to net cash used for investing activities of $160.3 million in 2019. Net cash used for investing activities in 2020 primarily related to cash paid for the acquisition of WBT of $27.0 million and capital expenditures of $40.0 million. Net cash used for investing activities in 2019 primarily related to net cash paid for the acquisition of Eldon of $127.8 million and capital expenditures of $38.8 million. Capital expenditures are primarily used for expansion of manufacturing facilities, developing new products and general maintenance.
Financing activities
Net cash used for financing activities was $272.5 million in 2020, which primarily related to share repurchases of $43.2 million, dividends paid of $119.0 million and net payments of revolving long-term debt of $100.0 million. Net cash used for financing activities was $226.4 million in 2019, which primarily related to share repurchases of $235.7 million and dividends paid of $120.7 million, partially offset by net receipts of revolving long-term debt of $134.6 million.

Senior notes
In March 2018, nVent Finance S.à r.l. (“nVent Finance” or “Subsidiary Issuer”), a 100-percent owned subsidiary of nVent, issued $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.950% senior notes due 2023 (the "2023 Notes") and $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.550% senior notes due 2028 (the "2028 Notes" and, collectively with the 2023 Notes, the "Notes"). Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year.

The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed as to payment by nVent ("the Parent Company Guarantor"). There are no subsidiaries that guarantee the Notes. The Parent Company Guarantor has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in its consolidated subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in its consolidated subsidiaries and the issuance of the Notes and other external debt. The Parent Company Guarantor’s principal source of cash flow, including cash flow to make payments on the Notes pursuant to the guarantees, is dividends from its subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer’s principal source of cash flow is interest income from its subsidiaries. None of the subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer is under any direct obligation to pay or otherwise fund amounts due on the Notes or the guarantees, whether in the form of dividends, distributions, loans or other payments. In addition, there may be statutory and regulatory limitations on the payment of dividends from certain subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer. If such subsidiaries are unable to transfer funds to the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer and sufficient cash or liquidity is not otherwise available, the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer may not be able to make principal and interest payments on their outstanding debt, including the Notes or the guarantees.

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The Notes constitute general unsecured senior obligations of the Subsidiary Issuer and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. The guarantees of the Notes by the Parent Company Guarantor constitute general unsecured obligations of the Parent Company Guarantor and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. Subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the indenture pursuant to which the Notes were issued contains covenants that, among other things, restrict nVent’s, nVent Finance’s and certain subsidiaries’ ability to merge or consolidate with another person, create liens or engage in sale and lease-back transactions.

There are no significant restrictions on the ability of nVent to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend or loan. None of the assets of nVent or its subsidiaries represents restricted net assets pursuant to the guidelines established by the SEC.

Senior credit facilities
In March 2018, nVent Finance entered into a credit agreement with a syndicate of banks providing for a five-year $200.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "Term Loan Facility") and a five-year $600.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility" and, together with the Term Loan Facility, the "Senior Credit Facilities"). We have the option to request to increase the Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate amount of up to $300.0 million, subject to customary conditions, including the commitment of the participating lenders. Total availability under the Revolving Credit Facility was $565.4 million as of December 31, 2020.

Our debt agreements contain certain financial covenants, the most restrictive of which are in the Senior Credit Facilities, including that we may not permit (i) the ratio of our consolidated debt (net of our consolidated unrestricted cash in excess of $5.0 million but not to exceed $250.0 million) to our consolidated net income (excluding, among other things, non-cash gains and losses) before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash share-based compensation expense ("EBITDA") on the last day of any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters to exceed 3.75 to 1.00 and (ii) the ratio of our EBITDA to our consolidated interest expense for the same period to be less than 3.00 to 1.00. In addition, subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the Senior Credit Facilities also contain covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to create liens, merge or consolidate with another person, make acquisitions and incur subsidiary debt. As of December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all financial covenants in our debt agreements, and there is no material uncertainty about our ability to meet those covenants.

Dividends
Dividends paid per ordinary share were $0.70 for both the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

On December 14, 2020, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.175 that was paid on February 5, 2021 to shareholders of record at the close of business on January 22, 2021. The balance of dividends payable included in Other current liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets was $29.4 million and $29.7 million at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

On February 22, 2021, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.175 per ordinary share payable on May 7, 2021 to shareholders of record at the close of business on April 23, 2021.

Under Irish law, the payment of future cash dividends and repurchases of shares may be paid only out of nVent Electric plc's "distributable reserves" on its statutory balance sheet. nVent Electric plc is not permitted to pay dividends out of share capital, which includes share premiums. Distributable reserves may be created through the earnings of the Irish parent company and through a reduction in share capital approved by the Irish High Court. Distributable reserves are not linked to a generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP") reported amount (e.g., retained earnings). In June 2018, the Irish High Court approved nVent Electric plc's conversion of approximately $3.8 billion of share premium to distributable reserves, and in July 2018, we made the required filing of nVent Electric plc's initial accounts with the Irish Companies Registration Office to complete the process.

Authorized shares
Our authorized share capital consists of 400.0 million ordinary shares with a par value of $0.01 per share.

Share repurchases
On July 23, 2018, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $500.0 million (the "2018 Authorization'"). On February 19, 2019, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $380.0 million (the "2019 Authorization"). The 2018 and 2019 Authorizations expire on July 23, 2021.

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During the year ended December 31, 2020, we repurchased 2.3 million of our ordinary shares for $43.2 million under the 2018 Authorization. As of December 31, 2020, we had $545.1 million available for repurchases under the 2018 and 2019 Authorizations, which total $880.0 million.

Contractual obligations
The following summarizes our significant contractual obligations that impact our liquidity:
 Years ended December 31
In millions20212022202320242025ThereafterTotal
Debt obligations$20.0 $20.0 $412.1 $— $— $500.0 $952.1 
Interest obligations on fixed-rate debt
34.6 34.6 28.7 22.8 22.8 57.0 200.5 
Operating lease obligations, net of sublease rentals
16.9 12.0 7.9 5.9 4.6 10.0 57.3 
Purchase obligations69.0 — — — — — 69.0 
Pension and other post-retirement plan contributions
6.7 7.2 6.9 8.9 7.6 48.0 85.3 
Total contractual obligations, net$147.2 $73.8 $455.6 $37.6 $35.0 $615.0 $1,364.2 
The majority of the purchase obligations represent commitments for raw materials to be utilized in the normal course of business. For purposes of the above table, arrangements are considered purchase obligations if a contract specifies all significant terms, including fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased, a pricing structure and approximate timing of the transaction.
In addition to the summary of significant contractual obligations, we will incur annual interest expense on outstanding variable rate debt. As of December 31, 2020, variable interest rate debt was $152.1 million at a weighted average interest rate of 1.520%.
The total gross liability for uncertain tax positions at December 31, 2020 was estimated to be $17.1 million. We record penalties and interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in Provision for income taxes and Net interest expense, respectively, which is consistent with our past practices. As of December 31, 2020, we had recorded $2.3 million for the possible payment of penalties and $3.5 million related to the possible payment of interest.
Other financial measures
In addition to measuring our cash flow generation or usage based upon operating, investing and financing classifications included in the Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows, we also measure our free cash flow. Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use to assess our cash flow performance. We believe free cash flow is an important measure of liquidity because it provides us and our investors a measurement of cash generated from operations that is available to pay dividends, make acquisitions, repay debt and repurchase shares. In addition, free cash flow is used as a criterion to measure and pay compensation-based incentives. Our measure of free cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
The following table is a reconciliation of free cash flow:
 Years ended December 31
In millions20202019
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities$344.0 $336.3 
Capital expenditures(40.0)(38.8)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment2.0 6.3 
Free cash flow
$306.0 $303.8 
Off-balance sheet arrangements
At December 31, 2020, we had no off-balance sheet financing arrangements.
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COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

We have been, and in the future may be, made parties to a number of actions filed or have been, and in the future may be, given notice of potential claims relating to the conduct of our business, including those pertaining to commercial or contractual disputes, product liability, environmental, safety and health, patent infringement and employment matters.

While we believe that a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows from any such future claims or potential claims is unlikely, given the inherent uncertainty of litigation, a remote possibility exists that a future adverse ruling or unfavorable development could result in future charges that could have a material impact. We do and will continue to periodically re-examine our estimates of probable liabilities and any associated expenses and receivables and make appropriate adjustments to such estimates based on experience and developments in litigation. As a result, the current estimates of the potential impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the proceedings and claims described in ITEM 8, Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements could change in the future.

Stand-by Letters of Credit, Bank Guarantees and Bonds
In the ordinary course of business, we are required to commit to bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees that require payments to our customers for any non-performance. The outstanding face value of these instruments fluctuates with the value of our projects in process and in our backlog. In addition, we issue financial stand-by letters of credit primarily to secure our performance to third parties under self-insurance programs.
As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the outstanding value of bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees totaled $43.8 million and $70.0 million, respectively.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
See ITEM 8, Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements, included in this Form 10-K, for information pertaining to recently adopted accounting standards or accounting standards to be adopted in the future.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

We have adopted various accounting policies to prepare the consolidated and combined financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Our significant accounting policies are more fully described in ITEM 8, Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements. Certain of our accounting policies require the application of significant judgment by management in selecting the appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. By their nature, these judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. These judgments are based on our historical experience, terms of existing contracts, our observance of trends in the industry and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. We consider an accounting estimate to be critical if:
it requires us to make assumptions about matters that were uncertain at the time we were making the estimate; and
changes in the estimate or different estimates that we could have selected would have had a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

Cost allocations
For periods prior to the separation, the consolidated and combined financial statements of nVent include general corporate expenses of the former Parent for certain support functions that were provided on a centralized basis, such as expenses related to executive management, finance, audit, legal, information technology, human resources, communications, facilities and employee benefits and compensation. These general corporate expenses are included in the Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) within Selling, general and administrative and Other expense. The amount allocated was $42.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, of which $10.3 million was historically recorded to the Electrical segment in the former Parent’s consolidated financial statements. These expenses were allocated to nVent on the basis of direct usage when identifiable, with the remainder allocated based on a proportional basis of net sales, headcount or other measures.

The Company considers the allocation methodology regarding the former Parent’s general corporate expenses to be reasonable for all periods presented. Nevertheless, the consolidated and combined financial statements of nVent for periods prior to the separation may not reflect the actual expenses that would have been incurred and may not reflect nVent’s consolidated and combined results of operations, financial position and cash flows had it been a stand-alone company during the periods
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presented. Actual costs for periods prior to the separation that would have been incurred if nVent had been a stand-alone company would depend on multiple factors including organization structure, capital structure and strategic decisions made in various areas, including information technology and infrastructure. Transactions between nVent and the former Parent have been included in related party transactions in these consolidated and combined financial statements and were considered to be effectively settled at the time the transaction was recorded. The total net effect of the settlement of these transactions is reflected in the Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows as a financing activity.

Impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles

Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of acquired businesses over the net of the fair value of identifiable tangible net assets and identifiable intangible assets purchased and liabilities assumed.

Goodwill is tested annually for impairment as of the first day of the fourth quarter, and is tested for impairment more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test is performed by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit with its carrying amount, and recognizing an impairment expense for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit.

The fair value of each reporting unit is determined using a discounted cash flow analysis and market approach. Projecting discounted future cash flows requires us to make significant estimates regarding future revenues and expenses, projected capital expenditures, changes in working capital and the appropriate discount rate. Use of the market approach consists of comparisons to comparable publicly-traded companies that are similar in size and industry. Actual results may differ from those used in our valuations.

Due to the adverse market and economic conditions attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with significant volatility in oil and gas prices leading to a potential sustained downturn in the energy industry, we concluded a triggering event occurred during the third quarter of 2020 for our Thermal Management reporting unit, requiring an impairment test as of September 30, 2020. In order to perform the goodwill impairment test for the Thermal Management reporting unit, including consideration of market-based inputs such as a market capitalization reconciliation, we determined it was appropriate to measure the fair value of all of our reporting units as of September 30, 2020. There were no significant changes in facts or circumstances that resulted in a change in assumptions between our September 30, 2020 interim impairment assessment date and our October 1, 2020 annual impairment assessment date.

The fair value of each reporting unit is determined using a discounted cash flow analysis and market approach. Determining the fair value of the reporting units required the use of significant judgment, including assumptions about future revenues and expenses, capital expenditures and changes in working capital and discount rates, which are based on our annual operating plan and long-term business plan. These plans take into consideration numerous factors including historical experience, anticipated future economic conditions, including the impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic and growth expectations for the industries and end markets in which the reporting unit participates. The level of judgment and estimation is inherently higher in the current environment considering the uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic. We have evaluated numerous factors and made significant assumptions, which include the severity and duration of the business disruption, the potential impact on customer demand, the timing and degree of economic recovery and ultimately, the combined effect of these assumptions on our future operating results and cash flows. These assumptions are determined over a six year long-term planning period. The six year growth rates for revenues and operating profits vary for each reporting unit being evaluated. Revenues and operating profit beyond 2026 are projected to grow at a perpetual growth rate of 3.0%.

Discount rate assumptions for each reporting unit take into consideration our assessment of risks inherent in the future cash flows of the respective reporting unit and our weighted-average cost of capital. We utilized a discount rate ranging from 11.0% to 12.5% for each reporting unit in determining the discounted cash flows in our fair value analysis.

In estimating fair value using the market approach, we identify a group of comparable publicly-traded companies for each reporting unit that are similar in terms of size and product offering. These groups of comparable companies are used to develop multiples based on total market-based invested capital as a multiple of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). We determine our estimated values by applying these comparable EBITDA multiples to the operating results of our reporting units. The ultimate fair value of each reporting unit is determined considering the results of both valuation methods.

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As a result of this analysis, we recognized a pre-tax, non-cash goodwill impairment expense of $212.3 million related to the Thermal Management reporting unit. Subsequent to the impairment charge recorded in the quarter, the remaining goodwill for the Thermal Management reporting unit was $712.5 million. The impairment resulted in a $21.6 million income tax benefit associated with the proportionate share of tax deductible goodwill.

In connection with the impairment test as of September 30, 2020, the percentage of excess fair value over carrying value of our Electrical & Fastening Solutions reporting unit was approximately 5%.

We did not recognize any goodwill impairment losses in 2019 and 2018.

There is a risk that changes in economic and operating conditions affecting the assumptions used in our impairment tests, including changes due to the evolving nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, could adversely affect future estimates or fair value and result in additional goodwill or other intangible asset impairment expense in the future.

Identifiable intangible assets
Our primary identifiable intangible assets include: customer relationships, trade names, proprietary technologies and patents. Identifiable intangibles with definite lives are amortized and those identifiable intangibles with indefinite lives are not amortized. Identifiable intangible assets that are subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events warrant. We complete our annual impairment test during the fourth quarter each year for those identifiable assets not subject to amortization.

Due to the adverse market and economic conditions attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with significant volatility in oil and gas prices leading to a potential sustained downturn in the energy industry discussed above, we determined it was appropriate to measure the fair value of all of our identifiable intangible assets along with our reporting units as of September 30, 2020. There were no significant changes in facts or circumstances that resulted in a change in assumptions between our September 30, 2020 interim impairment assessment date and our October 1, 2020 annual impairment assessment date.

The impairment test for trade names consists of a comparison of the fair value of the trade name with its carrying value. Fair value is measured using the relief-from-royalty method. This method assumes the trade name has value to the extent that the owner is relieved of the obligation to pay royalties for the benefits received from them. This method requires us to estimate the future revenue for the related brands, the appropriate royalty rate and the weighted average cost of capital.

In 2020, we recognized pre-tax, non-cash impairment expense of $8.2 million related to trade names. There was no impairment expense recorded in 2019 or 2018 for identifiable intangible assets.

Pension and other post-retirement plans
We sponsor defined-benefit pension plans and a post-retirement health plan. The defined benefit plans cover certain non-U.S. employees and retirees and the pension benefits are based principally on an employee's years of service and/or compensation levels near retirement.

The amounts recognized in our consolidated and combined financial statements related to our defined-benefit pension and other post-retirement plans are determined from actuarial valuations. Inherent in these valuations are assumptions, including: expected return on plan assets, discount rates and rate of increase in future compensation levels. These assumptions are updated annually and are disclosed for our Direct Plans in ITEM 8, Note 12 to the Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements. Differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect our pension and other post-retirement obligations and future expense.

We recognize changes in the fair value of plan assets and net actuarial gains or losses for pension and other post-retirement benefits annually in the fourth quarter each year (“mark-to-market adjustment”) and, if applicable, in any quarter in which an interim remeasurement is triggered. Net actuarial gains and losses occur when the actual experience differs from any of the various assumptions used to value our pension and other post-retirement plans or when assumptions change, as they may each year. The primary factors contributing to actuarial gains and losses each year are (1) changes in the discount rate used to value pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations as of the measurement date and (2) differences between the expected and the actual return on plan assets. This accounting method also results in the potential for volatile and difficult to forecast mark-to-market adjustments. Mark-to-market adjustments resulted in a pre-tax charge of $8.7 million, $27.3 million and $7.0 million in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The remaining components of pension expense, including service and interest costs and estimated return on plan assets, are recorded on a quarterly basis as ongoing pension expense.
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Discount rates
The discount rate reflects the current rate at which the pension liabilities could be effectively settled at the end of the year based on our December 31 measurement date. The discount rates on our pension plans ranged from 0.00% to 2.75%, 0.25% to 3.25% and 0.50% to 4.25% in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The discount rates are determined by matching high-quality, fixed-income debt instruments with maturities corresponding to the expected timing of benefit payments as of the annual measurement date for each of the various plans. There are no known or anticipated changes in our discount rate assumptions that will materially impact our pension expense in 2021.
Expected rates of return
The expected rates of return on our pension plan assets ranged from 1.00% to 5.00%, 1.00% to 5.25% and 1.00% to 5.50% in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The expected rate of return is designed to be a long-term assumption that may be subject to considerable year-to-year variance from actual returns. In developing the expected long-term rate of return, we considered our historical returns, with consideration given to forecasted economic conditions, our asset allocations, input from external consultants and broader long-term market indices. Any difference in the expected rate and actual returns will be included with the actuarial gain or loss recorded in the fourth quarter when our plans are remeasured.

Sensitivity to changes in key assumptions
A 0.25 percentage point change in the discount rates used to measure our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans is estimated to have an impact on our total projected benefit obligation of approximately $12 million. A 0.25 percentage point change in the assumed rate of return on pension assets or discount rates for our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans is estimated to have no material impact on our ongoing 2021 pension expense. These estimates exclude any potential mark-to-market adjustments.

Income taxes
For periods prior to the separation, certain nVent operations were included in the former Parent’s U.S. federal and state income tax returns and substantially all income taxes on those operations have been paid by the former Parent. Income tax expense and other income tax related information contained in these consolidated and combined financial statements for periods prior to the separation are presented on a separate return approach as if nVent filed its own tax returns. Under this approach, the provision for income taxes represented income tax paid or payable (or received or receivable) for the current year plus the change in deferred taxes during the year calculated as if nVent was a stand-alone taxpayer filing hypothetical income tax returns where applicable. Current income tax liabilities were assumed to be immediately settled with the former Parent and relieved through the Net Parent investment account and the Net transfers to Parent in the Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows.

In determining taxable income for financial statement purposes, we must make certain estimates and judgments. These estimates and judgments affect the calculation of certain tax liabilities and the determination of the recoverability of certain of the deferred tax assets, which arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenue and expense. In evaluating our ability to recover our deferred tax assets we consider all available positive and negative evidence including our past operating results, the existence of cumulative losses in the most recent years and our forecast of future taxable income. In estimating future taxable income, we develop assumptions including the amount of future pre-tax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. These assumptions require significant judgment about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates we are using to manage the underlying businesses.

We maintain valuation allowances with respect to our deferred tax assets unless it is more likely than not that all or a portion of such deferred tax assets will be realized. Our income tax expense recorded in the future may be reduced to the extent of decreases in our valuation allowances. The realization of our remaining deferred tax assets is primarily dependent on future taxable income in the appropriate jurisdiction. Any reduction in future taxable income including but not limited to any future restructuring activities may require that we record an additional valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. An increase in the valuation allowance could result in additional income tax expense in such period and could have a significant impact on our future earnings.

Changes in tax laws and rates could also affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in the future. Management records the effect of a tax rate or law change on nVent’s deferred tax assets and liabilities in the period of enactment. Future tax rate or law changes could have a material effect on nVent’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

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In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions across our global operations. We perform reviews of our income tax positions on a quarterly basis and accrue for uncertain tax positions. We recognize potential liabilities and record tax liabilities for anticipated tax audit issues in the tax jurisdictions in which we operate based on our estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. These tax liabilities are reflected net of related tax loss carryforwards. As events change or resolution occurs, these liabilities are adjusted, such as in the case of audit settlements with taxing authorities. The ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from our current estimate of the tax liabilities. If our estimate of tax liabilities proves to be less than the ultimate assessment, an additional charge to expense would result. If payment of these amounts ultimately proves to be less than the recorded amounts, the reversal of the liabilities would result in tax benefits being recognized in the period when we determine the liabilities are no longer necessary. We recognize the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not to be sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is more likely than not to be realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.
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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the potential economic loss that may result from adverse changes in the fair value of financial instruments. We are exposed to various market risks, including changes in interest rates and foreign currency rates. Periodically, we use derivative financial instruments for the purpose of hedging interest rate and currency exposures. The major accounting policies and utilization of these instruments is described more fully in ITEM 8, Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements.
Foreign currency risk
We conduct business in various locations throughout the world and are subject to market risk due to changes in the value of foreign currencies in relation to our reporting currency, the U.S. dollar. Periodically, we use derivative financial instruments to manage these risks. The functional currencies of our foreign operating locations are generally the local currency in the country of domicile. We manage these operating activities at the local level and revenues, costs, assets and liabilities are generally denominated in local currencies, thereby mitigating the risk associated with changes in foreign exchange. However, our results of operations and assets and liabilities are reported in U.S. dollars and thus will fluctuate with changes in exchange rates between such local currencies and the U.S. dollar.

From time to time, we may enter into foreign currency contracts to hedge certain foreign currency risks. As the majority of our foreign currency contracts have an original maturity date of less than one year, there is no material risk of fluctuations in the value of these contracts. Counterparties to all derivative contracts are major financial institutions. All instruments are entered into for other than trading purposes.

At December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had outstanding foreign currency derivative contracts with gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent amounts of $297.3 million and $268.9 million, respectively. Changes in the fair value of all derivatives are recognized immediately in income unless the derivative qualifies as a hedge of future cash flows. Gains and losses related to a hedge are deferred and recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and subsequently recognized in the Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) when the hedged item affects earnings.

At December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had a gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent amount of $73.5 million and $69.1 million designated as a net investment hedge for a portion of our net investment in our Euro denominated subsidiaries. The hedge is intended to reduce, but will not eliminate, the impact on our financial results of changes in the exchange rate between the Euro and the U.S. dollar. The currency risk related to the net investment hedge is measured by estimating the potential impact of a 10% change in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to the Euro. The rates used to perform this analysis were based on the market exchange rates in effect on December 31, 2020. A 10% appreciation or depreciation of the U.S. dollar relative to the Euro would result in a $6.7 million net increase or a $8.2 million net decrease, respectively, in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). However, these increases or decreases in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) would be offset by decreases or increases in the hedged net investments on our balance sheet due to currency translation.
Interest rate risk
Our debt portfolio as of December 31, 2020 was comprised of debt denominated in U.S. dollars. The debt portfolio is comprised of approximately 84% fixed-rate debt and 16% variable-rate debt. Changes in interest rates have different impacts on the fixed and variable-rate portions of our debt portfolio. A change in interest rates on the fixed portion of the debt portfolio impacts the fair value, but has no impact on interest incurred or cash flows. A change in interest rates on the variable portion of the debt portfolio impacts the interest incurred and cash flows but does not impact the net financial instrument position.
Based on the fixed-rate debt included in our debt portfolio, as of December 31, 2020, a 100 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates would result in a $44.6 million decrease or a $47.7 million increase in fair value, respectively.
Based on the variable-rate debt included in our debt portfolio as of December 31, 2020, a 100 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates would result in a $1.5 million increase or decrease in interest incurred.
We are also exposed to interest rate risk in connection with the planned issuance of long-term debt. To manage the volatility related to this exposure, we may use forward starting interest rate swap locks to fix a portion of the interest cost associated with anticipated financings. We designate these financial instruments as cash flow hedges at the time the agreements are executed.
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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
MANAGEMENT'S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
Management of nVent Electric plc and its subsidiaries (the "Company") is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Company's internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. The Company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. In making this assessment, management used the criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this assessment, management believes that, as of December 31, 2020, the Company's internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.
Our independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, has issued an attestation report on the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. That attestation report is set forth immediately following this management report.
 
Beth A. Wozniak Sara E. Zawoyski
Chief Executive Officer Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of
nVent Electric plc
London, United Kingdom
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of nVent Electric plc and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO"). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB"), the financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, of the Company and our report dated February 23, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements and included an emphasis of a matter paragraph regarding the allocation of expenses from Pentair plc for the periods prior to April 30, 2018.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
Minneapolis, Minnesota
February 23, 2021

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of
nVent Electric plc
London, United Kingdom
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of nVent Electric plc (the "Company") as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated and combined statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), changes in equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 23, 2021, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Emphasis of a Matter
As described in Note 1, prior to April 30, 2018, the accompanying consolidated and combined financial statements have been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Pentair plc. The consolidated and combined financial statements also include expense allocations for certain corporate functions historically provided by Pentair plc. These allocations may not be reflective of the actual expense which would have been incurred had the Company operated as a separate entity apart from Pentair plc during the periods prior to April 30, 2018.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Goodwill - Thermal Management Reporting Unit and Electrical & Fastening Solutions Reporting Unit - Refer to Notes 1 and 6 to the financial statements

Critical Audit Matter Description

The Company’s evaluation of goodwill for impairment involves the comparison of the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. The Company determines the fair value of its reporting units using income and market approaches. The determination of the fair value using an income approach involves the use of a discounted cash flow model that requires
45


management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to future revenues and expenses, projected capital expenditures, changes in working capital and discount rates. The determination of the fair value using the market approach requires management to make significant assumptions related to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) multiples. The goodwill balance was $2,098 million as of December 31, 2020. An impairment of $212 million was recognized at September 30, 2020 for the Thermal Management reporting unit. No other impairments were recognized related to goodwill as the fair value of the other reporting units exceeded their carrying values as of the measurement date.

Given the significant judgments made by management to estimate the fair value of the reporting units and the difference between their fair value and carrying value, performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s estimates and assumptions related to selection of the discount rates, EBITDA multiples, and forecasts of future revenues and operating margins, required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve fair value specialists.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our audit procedures related to significant estimates and assumptions for certain reporting units included the following, among others:

We tested the effectiveness of controls over goodwill, including those over the underlying assumptions to forecast future revenue and operating margins, the selection of the discount rates, and the selection of the EBITDA multiples.

We evaluated management’s ability to accurately forecast future revenues and operating margins by comparing actual results to management’s historical forecasts.

We evaluated the reasonableness of management’s forecasts by comparing the forecasts to (1) historical results, (2) internal communications to management and the Board of Directors, and (3) forecasted information included in Company press releases, analyst and industry reports of the Company and companies in its peer group.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the discount rates, including testing the underlying source information and the mathematical accuracy of the calculations, and developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rates selected by management.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the EBITDA multiples used in estimating fair value, including testing the underlying source information and mathematical accuracy of the calculations, and comparing the multiples selected by management to its guideline companies.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we compared the aggregated fair value estimates of the Company’s reporting units to the Company’s market capitalization and evaluated the implied control premium.
Income Taxes - Uncertain Tax Positions - Refer to Notes 1 and 11 in the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company’s calculation of its tax liabilities involves evaluating uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions around the world. The Company recognizes liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on their estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes may be due. The effect of income tax positions is recognized only if those positions are determined to be more likely than not to be sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is more likely than not to be realized.
Given the complexity of the tax laws and regulations associated with certain tax positions taken by the Company, auditing management’s estimate of the tax positions to be sustained upon examination required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our income tax specialists.
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to material tax positions and determination of whether the Company has appropriately considered all changes in fact patterns or tax law when concluding such positions meet the more likely than not criteria included the following, among others:
We tested the effectiveness of controls over uncertain tax positions.
With the assistance of income tax specialists, we evaluated the following sources of information for management’s tax positions taken and benefits recognized:
Management’s technical tax memorandum and related appendices.
Analysis performed by external tax specialists.
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Historical tax return data.
Results of audits performed by tax authorities.

With the assistance of income tax specialists, we assessed management’s conclusion as to whether the recorded tax benefits are more likely than not to be sustained on the basis of their technical merits.
With the assistance of income tax specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of management’s estimates of the tax benefit to be recognized by:
Evaluating the Company’s analysis of tax regulations and their application to the Company’s particular facts in each relevant jurisdiction.
Reviewing changes in tax laws and regulations or their application by the relevant taxing authorities.
Evaluating the impact of changes in taxable income, available tax credits, or other economic factors that could affect recorded tax benefits.
Assessing conclusions that benefits meet the more likely than not criteria to be realized.
Evaluating the appropriateness of the underlying assumptions in management’s estimates.
Assessing management's methods and assumptions used in identifying uncertain tax positions.
Comparing results of prior tax audits to ongoing and anticipated tax audits by tax authorities.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
Minneapolis, Minnesota
February 23, 2021

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2017.


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nVent Electric plc
Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 Years ended December 31
In millions, except per-share data202020192018
Net sales$1,998.6 $2,204.0 $2,213.6 
Cost of goods sold1,249.2 1,338.2 1,337.5 
Gross profit749.4 865.8 876.1 
Selling, general and administrative447.0 484.5 519.7 
Research and development43.5 48.2 45.6 
Impairment of goodwill and trade names220.5   
Operating income38.4 333.1 310.8 
Net interest expense36.4 44.7 31.2 
Other expense
11.5 31.0 10.9 
Income (loss) before income taxes(9.5)257.4 268.7 
Provision for income taxes37.7 34.7 37.9 
Net income (loss)$(47.2)$222.7 $230.8 
Comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Net income (loss)$(47.2)$222.7 $230.8 
Changes in cumulative translation adjustment(3.7)4.8 (48.2)
Changes in market value of derivative financial instruments, net of tax7.1 4.4 (2.5)
Comprehensive income (loss)$(43.8)$231.9 $180.1 
Earnings (loss) per ordinary share
Basic$(0.28)$1.30 $1.29 
Diluted$(0.28)$1.29 $1.28 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding
Basic169.6 171.6 178.6 
Diluted169.6 173.0 180.8 
See accompanying notes to consolidated and combined financial statements.
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nVent Electric plc
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 December 31
In millions, except per-share data20202019
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$122.5 $106.4 
Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowances of $6.2 and $5.4, respectively
313.8 334.3 
Inventories235.2 244.7 
Other current assets92.9 113.3 
Total current assets764.4 798.7 
Property, plant and equipment, net289.4 284.5 
Other assets
Goodwill2,098.2 2,279.1 
Intangibles, net1,105.5 1,160.5 
Other non-current assets108.6 117.5 
Total other assets3,312.3 3,557.1 
Total assets$4,366.1 $4,640.3 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities
Current maturities of long-term debt and short-term borrowings$20.0 $17.5 
Accounts payable171.1 187.1 
Employee compensation and benefits70.4 71.9 
Other current liabilities188.5 185.7 
Total current liabilities450.0 462.2 
Other liabilities
Long-term debt928.0 1,047.1 
Pension and other post-retirement compensation and benefits237.9 207.2 
Deferred tax liabilities230.1 237.8 
Other non-current liabilities110.3 93.5 
Total liabilities1,956.3 2,047.8 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 16)
Equity