10-Q 1 nvt-20240331.htm 10-Q nvt-20240331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2024    
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-38265
nventlogorgbf2a12.jpg
nVent Electric plc
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Ireland98-1391970
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification number)
The Mille, 1000 Great West Road, 8th Floor (East), London, TW8 9DW, United Kingdom
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: 44-20-3966-0279

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares, nominal value $0.01 per shareNVTNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting 
company 
Emerging growth
company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
On March 31, 2024, 166,019,014 shares of the registrant's common stock were outstanding.



nVent Electric plc


2


PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
nVent Electric plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Three months ended
In millions, except per share dataMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Net sales$874.6 $740.6 
Cost of goods sold519.1 437.4 
Gross profit355.5 303.2 
Selling, general and administrative175.5 162.4 
Research and development20.8 16.7 
Operating income159.2 124.1 
Net interest expense22.2 7.8 
Other expense
1.2 1.2 
Income before income taxes 135.8 115.1 
Provision for income taxes30.7 21.3 
Net income$105.1 $93.8 
Comprehensive income, net of tax
Net income$105.1 $93.8 
Changes in cumulative translation adjustment(12.0)4.2 
Changes in market value of derivative financial instruments, net of tax
3.4 (0.6)
Comprehensive income$96.5 $97.4 
Earnings per ordinary share
Basic$0.64 $0.57 
Diluted
$0.62 $0.56 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding
Basic165.5 165.3 
Diluted168.5 168.0 
Cash dividends paid per ordinary share$0.19 $0.175 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


nVent Electric plc
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
In millions, except per share data
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$211.4 $185.1 
Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowances of $15.7 and $15.0, respectively
591.5 589.5 
Inventories441.1 441.3 
Other current assets129.9 120.2 
Total current assets1,373.9 1,336.1 
Property, plant and equipment, net383.5 390.0 
Other assets
Goodwill2,571.2 2,571.1 
Intangibles, net1,489.6 1,517.0 
Other non-current assets351.5 347.5 
Total other assets4,412.3 4,435.6 
Total assets$6,169.7 $6,161.7 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities
Current maturities of long-term debt and short-term borrowings$33.8 $31.9 
Accounts payable263.2 275.7 
Employee compensation and benefits95.3 122.2 
Other current liabilities298.0 303.8 
Total current liabilities690.3 733.6 
Other liabilities
Long-term debt1,739.8 1,748.8 
Pension and other post-retirement compensation and benefits149.1 153.0 
Deferred tax liabilities202.3 204.4 
Other non-current liabilities175.9 179.8 
Total liabilities2,957.4 3,019.6 
Equity
Ordinary shares $0.01 par value, 400.0 million authorized, 166.0 million and 165.1 million issued at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
1.7 1.7 
Additional paid-in capital2,344.9 2,339.1 
Retained earnings978.3 905.3 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(112.6)(104.0)
Total equity 3,212.3 3,142.1 
Total liabilities and equity$6,169.7 $6,161.7 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


nVent Electric plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
 Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Operating activities
Net income$105.1 $93.8 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
Depreciation14.4 11.1 
Amortization25.2 17.6 
Deferred income taxes(0.2)0.6 
Share-based compensation6.6 5.7 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of business acquisitions
Accounts and notes receivable(6.1)20.8 
Inventories(7.9)(17.3)
Other current assets(12.1)(13.5)
Accounts payable(5.4)(7.6)
Employee compensation and benefits(26.1)(30.2)
Other current liabilities(3.3)(9.3)
Other non-current assets and liabilities(0.2)(2.3)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities90.0 69.4 
Investing activities
Capital expenditures(16.1)(17.1)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment0.3 0.2 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities(15.8)(16.9)
Financing activities
Repayments of long-term debt(7.5)(3.8)
Dividends paid(31.9)(29.3)
Shares issued to employees, net of shares withheld(0.8)(2.5)
Repurchases of ordinary shares (15.2)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities(40.2)(50.8)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(7.7)3.9 
Change in cash and cash equivalents26.3 5.6 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period185.1 297.5 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$211.4 $303.1 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


nVent Electric plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Unaudited)
In millionsOrdinary sharesAdditional paid-in capitalRetained earningsAccumulated
other
comprehensive loss
Total
NumberAmount
December 31, 2023165.1 $1.7 $2,339.1 $905.3 $(104.0)$3,142.1 
Net income — — — 105.1 — 105.1 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — (8.6)(8.6)
Dividends declared— — — (32.1)— (32.1)
Exercise of options, net of shares tendered for payment0.5 — 10.0 — — 10.0 
Issuance of restricted shares, net of cancellations0.6 — — — —  
Shares surrendered by employees to pay taxes(0.2)— (10.8)— — (10.8)
Share-based compensation— — 6.6 — — 6.6 
March 31, 2024166.0 $1.7 $2,344.9 $978.3 $(112.6)$3,212.3 
In millionsOrdinary sharesAdditional paid-in capitalRetained earningsAccumulated
other
comprehensive loss
 Total
NumberAmount
December 31, 2022165.3 $1.7 $2,372.3 $457.3 $(99.6)$2,731.7 
Net income— — — 93.8 — 93.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 3.6 3.6 
Dividends declared— — — (29.3)— (29.3)
Share repurchases(0.3)— (13.2)— — (13.2)
Exercise of options, net of shares tendered for payment0.2 — 5.1 — — 5.1 
Issuance of restricted shares, net of cancellations0.7 — — — —  
Shares surrendered by employees to pay taxes(0.2)— (7.5)— — (7.5)
Share-based compensation— — 5.7 — — 5.7 
March 31, 2023165.7 $1.7 $2,362.4 $521.8 $(96.0)$2,789.9 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

1.Basis of Presentation and Responsibility for Interim Financial Statements
Business
nVent Electric plc ("nVent," "we," "us," "our" or the "Company") is a leading global provider of electrical connection and protection solutions. The Company is comprised of three reporting segments: Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management.
The Company was incorporated in Ireland on May 30, 2017. Although our jurisdiction of organization is Ireland, we manage our affairs so that we are centrally managed and controlled in the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") and have tax residency in the U.K.
Basis of presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of nVent have been prepared following the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") can be condensed or omitted.
We are responsible for the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this document. The financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments that are considered necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position and operating results. As these are condensed financial statements, one should also read our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Revenues, expenses, cash flows, assets and liabilities can and do vary during each quarter of the year. Therefore, the results and trends in these interim financial statements may not be indicative of those for a full year. We may experience changes in customer demand or constrained supply that could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and overall financial performance in future periods.
7


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
2.Revenue
Disaggregation of revenue
We disaggregate our revenue from contracts with customers by geographic location and vertical, as we believe these best depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.
Geographic net sales information, based on geographic destination of the sale, was as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
In millionsEnclosuresElectrical & Fastening SolutionsThermal ManagementTotal
North America (1)
$312.9 $241.0 $86.6 $640.5 
EMEA (2)
103.1 38.8 40.1 182.0 
Asia-Pacific23.1 10.1 15.8 49.0 
Rest of World (3)
0.8 2.3  3.1 
Total$439.9 $292.2 $142.5 $874.6 
Three months ended March 31, 2023
In millionsEnclosuresElectrical & Fastening SolutionsThermal ManagementTotal
North America (1)
$275.0 $155.6 $89.2 $519.8 
EMEA (2)
91.7 40.1 40.6 172.4 
Asia-Pacific24.0 8.1 13.9 46.0 
Rest of World (3)
0.3 1.9 0.2 2.4 
Total$391.0 $205.7 $143.9 $740.6 
(1) North America includes U.S., Canada and Mexico.
(2) EMEA includes Europe, Middle East, India and Africa.
(3) Rest of World includes Latin America and South America.
In the fourth quarter of 2023, based on benchmarking of industry peers and for purposes of how we assess performance, we updated the disaggregation categories on which we report revenue by geography. For comparability, we have recategorized revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2023 to conform to the new presentation. This recategorization of revenue by geography had no impact on our consolidated financial results.
8


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
Vertical net sales information was as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
In millionsEnclosuresElectrical & Fastening SolutionsThermal ManagementTotal
Industrial$230.6 $37.4 $72.0 $340.0 
Commercial & Residential61.4 159.9 40.8 262.1 
Infrastructure141.2 82.5 7.4 231.1 
Energy6.7 12.4 22.3 41.4 
Total$439.9 $292.2 $142.5 $874.6 
Three months ended March 31, 2023
In millionsEnclosuresElectrical & Fastening SolutionsThermal ManagementTotal
Industrial$218.6 $20.2 $70.8 $309.6 
Commercial & Residential58.6 99.4 41.8 199.8 
Infrastructure106.9 77.7 5.6 190.2 
Energy6.9 8.4 25.7 41.0 
Total$391.0 $205.7 $143.9 $740.6 
Contract balances
Contract assets and liabilities consisted of the following:
In millionsMarch 31, 2024December 31, 2023$ Change% Change
Contract assets$49.1 $44.1 $5.0 11.3 %
Contract liabilities25.4 27.1 (1.7)(6.3)%
Net contract assets$23.7 $17.0 $6.7 39.4 %
The $6.7 million increase in net contract assets from December 31, 2023 to March 31, 2024 was primarily the result of the timing of milestone invoicing. The majority of our contract liabilities at December 31, 2023 were recognized in revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2024. There were no material impairment losses recognized on our contract assets for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
Remaining performance obligations
We have elected the practical expedient to disclose only the value of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or more. On March 31, 2024, we had $29.5 million of remaining performance obligations on contracts with an original expected duration of one year or more. We expect to recognize the majority of our remaining performance obligations on these contracts within the next twelve to eighteen months.
9


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
3.Restructuring
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and the year ended December 31, 2023, we initiated and continued execution of certain business restructuring initiatives aimed at reducing our fixed cost structure and realigning our business.
Restructuring related costs included in Selling, general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income included costs for severance and other restructuring costs as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Severance and related costs$0.9 $1.2 
Other0.4 2.8 
Total restructuring costs$1.3 $4.0 
Other restructuring costs primarily consist of asset impairment and various contract termination costs.
Restructuring costs by reportable segment were as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Enclosures$0.3 $0.6 
Electrical & Fastening Solutions0.6 0.2 
Thermal Management0.1 2.9 
Other0.3 0.3 
Total$1.3 $4.0 
Activity related to accrued severance and related costs recorded in Other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated -Balance Sheets is summarized as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Beginning balance$2.9 $2.4 
Costs incurred0.9 1.2 
Cash payments and other(1.5)(2.0)
Ending balance$2.3 $1.6 
10


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
4.Earnings Per Share
Basic and diluted earnings per share were calculated as follows:
Three months ended
In millions, except per share dataMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Net income $105.1 $93.8 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding
Basic165.5 165.3 
Dilutive impact of stock options, restricted stock units and performance share units3.0 2.7 
Diluted168.5 168.0 
Earnings per ordinary share
Basic earnings per ordinary share$0.64 $0.57 
Diluted earnings per ordinary share$0.62 $0.56 
Anti-dilutive stock options excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share0.2 0.1 
5.Acquisitions
ECM Industries Acquisition
On May 18, 2023, as part of our Electrical & Fastening Solutions reporting segment, we completed the acquisition of ECM Investors, LLC, the parent of ECM Industries, LLC ("ECM Industries"), for approximately $1.1 billion in cash, subject to customary adjustments. ECM Industries is a leading provider of high-value electrical connectors, tools and test instruments and cable management. The purchase price was funded primarily through borrowings under the 2033 Notes and 2023 Term Loan Facility (as described in Note 9 below).
The purchase price has been preliminarily allocated based on the estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of the ECM Industries acquisition. The preliminary purchase price allocation is subject to further refinement and may require significant adjustments to arrive at the final purchase price allocation. These changes will primarily relate to the impacts associated with income taxes. There can be no assurance that such finalization will not result in material changes from the preliminary purchase price allocation.
The following table summarizes our preliminary estimates of the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the ECM Industries acquisition as previously reported as of December 31, 2023 and revised as of March 31, 2024:
In millionsAs Previously Reported As Revised
Cash$45.7 $45.7 
Accounts receivable77.0 77.0 
Inventories104.2 99.1 
Other current assets4.9 4.9 
Property, plant and equipment75.3 75.2 
Identifiable intangible assets524.0 524.0 
Goodwill375.7 379.5 
Other assets17.0 17.0 
Current liabilities(53.9)(53.8)
Other liabilities(35.8)(34.5)
Purchase price$1,134.1 $1,134.1 
The excess purchase price over tangible net assets and identified intangible assets acquired has been allocated to goodwill in the amount of $379.5 million, substantially all of which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. Goodwill recognized from the ECM Industries acquisition primarily reflects the future economic benefit resulting from synergies of our combined operations.
11


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
Identifiable intangible assets acquired included $113.7 million of trade name intangible assets, a majority of which are indefinite-lived, $381.7 million of definite-lived customer relationships with an estimated useful life of 20 years, and $22.0 million of definite-lived proprietary technology intangible assets with an estimated useful life of 7 years. The fair values of trade names and proprietary technology acquired in the acquisition were determined using a relief-from-royalty method, and customer relationships acquired were determined using a multi-period excess earnings method. These methods utilize unobservable inputs that are significant to these fair value measurements and thus classified as Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
The following table presents unaudited pro forma financial information as if the ECM Industries acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2022:
Three months ended
In millions, except per share dateMarch 31, 2023
Pro forma net sales$847.1 
Pro forma net income96.2 
Pro forma earnings per ordinary share
Basic$0.58 
Diluted0.57 
The unaudited pro forma net income includes adjustments for the amortization of acquired intangible assets, depreciation for the fair value adjustment to acquisition-date fixed assets and interest expense on debt issued to finance the acquisition, as well as the related income tax impact.
The unaudited pro forma net income for the three months ended March 31, 2023 excludes the impact of $2.5 million of transaction-related charges.
The pro forma condensed consolidated financial information has been prepared for comparative purposes only and includes certain adjustments, as noted above. The adjustments are estimates based on currently available information and actual amounts may differ materially from these estimates. They do not reflect the effect of costs or synergies that would have been expected to result from the integration of the ECM Industries acquisition. The pro forma information does not purport to be indicative of the results of operations that actually would have resulted had the ECM Industries acquisition occurred on January 1, 2022.
On July 10, 2023, we acquired TEXA Industries for approximately $34.8 million in cash, subject to customary purchase price adjustments. TEXA Industries is an Italian manufacturer of industrial cooling applications that we will market as part of the nVent HOFFMAN product line within our Enclosures segment. We acquired $5.2 million of debt with the TEXA Industries acquisition, which we repaid in full in the third quarter of 2023.
The excess purchase price over tangible net assets and identified intangible assets acquired has been preliminarily allocated to goodwill in the amount of $11.6 million, none of which is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. Identifiable intangible assets acquired included $12.4 million of definite-lived customer relationships with an estimated useful life of 13 years. The preliminary purchase price allocation is subject to further refinement and may require significant adjustments to arrive at the final purchase price allocation. These changes will primarily relate to the impacts associated with income taxes and working capital accounts.
The pro forma impact of the TEXA Industries acquisition is not material.
12


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
6.Goodwill and Other Identifiable Intangible Assets
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment were as follows:
In millionsDecember 31,
2023
Acquisitions/
divestitures
Foreign currency
translation/other 
March 31,
2024
Enclosures$430.4 $0.3 $(2.9)$427.8 
Electrical & Fastening Solutions1,427.7 3.8  1,431.5 
Thermal Management713.0  (1.1)711.9 
Total goodwill$2,571.1 $4.1 $(4.0)$2,571.2 
Identifiable intangible assets consisted of the following:
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
In millionsCostAccumulated amortizationNetCostAccumulated
amortization
Net
Definite-life intangibles
Customer relationships$1,681.9 $(620.1)$1,061.8 $1,684.8 $(599.3)$1,085.5 
Proprietary technology and patents63.5 (22.3)41.2 63.7 (20.8)42.9 
Other finite-lived intangible assets18.0 (6.8)11.2 18.0 (4.8)13.2 
Total definite-life intangibles1,763.4 (649.2)1,114.2 1,766.5 (624.9)1,141.6 
Indefinite-life intangibles
Trade names375.4 — 375.4 375.4 — 375.4 
Total intangibles$2,138.8 $(649.2)$1,489.6 $2,141.9 $(624.9)$1,517.0 
Identifiable intangible asset amortization expense was $25.2 million and $17.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Estimated future amortization expense for identifiable intangible assets during the remainder of 2024 and the next five years is as follows:
 Q2-Q4     
In millions202420252026202720282029
Estimated amortization expense$71.5 $94.3 $94.3 $94.2 $90.0 $77.5 
13


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
7.Supplemental Balance Sheet Information
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Inventories
Raw materials and supplies$165.8 $165.1 
Work-in-process32.2 34.9 
Finished goods243.1 241.3 
Total inventories$441.1 $441.3 
Other current assets
Contract assets$49.1 $44.1 
Prepaid expenses48.4 44.7 
Prepaid income taxes7.0 10.5 
Other current assets25.4 20.9 
Total other current assets$129.9 $120.2 
Property, plant and equipment, net
Land and land improvements$39.2 $39.6 
Buildings and leasehold improvements219.1 217.4 
Machinery and equipment602.3 599.6 
Construction in progress31.6 37.2 
Total property, plant and equipment892.2 893.8 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization508.7 503.8 
Total property, plant and equipment, net$383.5 $390.0 
Other non-current assets
Deferred compensation plan assets$20.0 $19.4 
Lease right-of-use assets121.6 118.7 
Deferred tax assets178.6 179.2 
Other non-current assets31.3 30.2 
Total other non-current assets$351.5 $347.5 
Other current liabilities
Dividends payable$32.1 $32.6 
Accrued rebates76.4 90.7 
Contract liabilities25.4 27.1 
Accrued taxes payable44.8 54.0 
Current lease liabilities26.7 25.6 
Accrued interest26.0 11.2 
Other current liabilities66.6 62.6 
Total other current liabilities$298.0 $303.8 
Other non-current liabilities
Income taxes payable$28.1 $28.2 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities20.0 19.4 
Non-current lease liabilities100.5 98.4 
Other non-current liabilities27.3 33.8 
Total other non-current liabilities$175.9 $179.8 
14


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
8.Derivatives and Financial Instruments
Derivative financial instruments
We are exposed to market risk related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. To manage the volatility related to this exposure, we periodically enter into a variety of derivative financial instruments. Our objective is to reduce, where it is deemed appropriate to do so, fluctuations in earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The derivative contracts contain credit risk to the extent that our bank counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the agreements. The amount of such credit risk is generally limited to the unrealized gains, if any, in such contracts. Such risk is minimized by limiting those counterparties to major financial institutions of high credit quality.
Foreign currency contracts
We conduct business in various locations throughout the world and are subject to market risk due to changes in the value of foreign currencies. We manage our economic and transaction exposure to certain market-based risks through the use of derivative instruments. These derivative instruments primarily consist of forward foreign currency contracts used to mitigate foreign currency exposure for certain foreign currency assets and liabilities. Our objective in holding these derivatives is to reduce the volatility in net earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency rates. The majority of our foreign currency contracts have an original maturity date of less than one year. These foreign currency contracts are not designated as hedging instruments; accordingly, changes in the fair value are recorded in current period earnings.
At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had outstanding foreign currency derivative contracts with gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent amounts of $132.7 million and $146.8 million, respectively. The impact of these contracts on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income was not material for any period presented.
Cross currency swaps
At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had outstanding cross currency swap agreements with a combined notional amount of $322.6 million and $330.8 million, respectively. The agreements are accounted for as either cash flow hedges or fair value hedges, to hedge foreign currency fluctuations on certain intercompany debt, or as net investment hedges, to manage our exposure to fluctuations in the Euro-U.S. Dollar exchange rate. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had deferred foreign currency gain of $0.1 million and loss of $3.5 million, respectively, in Accumulated other comprehensive loss associated with our cross currency swap activity.
Fair value of financial instruments
The following methods were used to estimate the fair values of each class of financial instrument:
short-term financial instruments (cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts and notes payable and variable-rate debt) — recorded amount approximates fair value because of the short maturity period;
long-term fixed-rate debt, including current maturities — fair value is based on market quotes available for issuance of debt with similar terms, which are inputs that are classified as Level 2 in the valuation hierarchy defined by the accounting guidance;
cross currency swap and foreign currency contract agreements — fair values are determined through the use of models that consider various assumptions, including time value, yield curves, as well as other relevant economic measures, which are observable inputs that are classified as Level 2 in the valuation hierarchy defined by the accounting guidance; and
deferred compensation plan assets (mutual funds, common/collective trusts and cash equivalents for payment of certain non-qualified benefits for retired, terminated and active employees) — fair value of mutual funds and cash equivalents are based on quoted market prices in active markets that are classified as Level 1 in the valuation hierarchy defined by the accounting guidance; fair value of common/collective trusts are valued at net asset value ("NAV"), which is based on the fair value of underlying securities owned by the fund divided by the number of shares outstanding.
15


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
The recorded amounts and estimated fair values of total debt, excluding unamortized issuance costs and discounts, were as follows:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
In millionsRecorded
Amount
Fair
Value
Recorded
Amount
Fair
Value
Variable rate debt$485.0 $485.0 $492.5 $492.5 
Fixed rate debt1,300.0 1,241.9 1,300.0 1,261.6 
Total debt$1,785.0 $1,726.9 $1,792.5 $1,754.1 
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:
Recurring fair value measurementsMarch 31, 2024
In millionsLevel 1Level 2Level 3NAVTotal
Cross currency swap liabilities$ $(14.4)$ $ $(14.4)
Cross currency swap assets 5.3   5.3 
Foreign currency contract liabilities (1.0)  (1.0)
Foreign currency contract assets 0.7   0.7 
Deferred compensation plan assets13.3   6.7 20.0 
Total recurring fair value measurements$13.3 $(9.4)$ $6.7 $10.6 
Recurring fair value measurementsDecember 31, 2023
In millionsLevel 1Level 2Level 3NAVTotal
Cross currency swap liabilities$ $(21.7)$ $ $(21.7)
Cross currency swap assets 3.9   3.9 
Foreign currency contract liabilities (0.8)  (0.8)
Foreign currency contract assets 2.1   2.1 
Deferred compensation plan assets13.3   6.1 19.4 
Total recurring fair value measurements$13.3 $(16.5)$ $6.1 $2.9 
9.Debt
Debt and the average interest rates on debt outstanding were as follows:
In millions
Average interest rate at March 31, 2024
Maturity
Year
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Revolving credit facilityN/A2026$ $ 
2021 Term loan facility6.679%2026196.2 200.0 
2023 Term loan facility6.679%2028288.8 292.5 
Senior notes - fixed rate4.550%2028500.0 500.0 
Senior notes - fixed rate2.750%2031300.0 300.0 
Senior notes - fixed rate5.650%2033500.0 500.0 
Unamortized debt issuance costs and discountsN/AN/A(11.4)(11.8)
Total debt1,773.6 1,780.7 
Less: Current maturities and short-term borrowings
(33.8)(31.9)
Long-term debt$1,739.8 $1,748.8 
16


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
Senior notes
In March 2018, nVent Finance S.à r.l. (“nVent Finance” or "Subsidiary Issuer"), a 100-percent owned subsidiary of nVent, issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.550% senior notes due 2028 (the "2028 Notes").
In November 2021, nVent Finance issued $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.750% senior notes due 2031 (the "2031 Notes").
In May 2023, to finance the acquisition of ECM Industries, nVent Finance issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.650% Senior Notes due 2033 (the "2033 Notes" and, collectively with the 2028 Notes and the 2031 Notes, the "Notes").
Interest on the 2028 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year, and interest on the 2031 Notes and 2033 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year.
The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed as to payment by nVent (the "Parent Company Guarantor"). There are no subsidiaries that guarantee the Notes. The Parent Company Guarantor is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in consolidated subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in consolidated subsidiaries and the issuance of the Notes and other external debt. The Parent Company Guarantor’s principal source of cash flow, including cash flow to make payments on the Notes pursuant to the guarantees, is dividends from its subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer’s principal source of cash flow is interest income from its subsidiaries. None of the subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer is under any direct obligation to pay or otherwise fund amounts due on the Notes or the guarantees, whether in the form of dividends, distributions, loans or other payments. In addition, there may be statutory and regulatory limitations on the payment of dividends from certain subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer. If such subsidiaries are unable to transfer funds to the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer and sufficient cash or liquidity is not otherwise available, the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer may not be able to make principal and interest payments on their outstanding debt, including the Notes or the guarantees.
The Notes constitute general unsecured senior obligations of the Subsidiary Issuer and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. The guarantees of the Notes by the Parent Company Guarantor constitute general unsecured obligations of the Parent Company Guarantor and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. Subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the indenture pursuant to which the Notes were issued contains covenants that, among other things, restrict nVent’s, nVent Finance’s and certain subsidiaries’ ability to merge or consolidate with another person, create liens or engage in sale and lease-back transactions.
There are no significant restrictions on the ability of nVent to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend or loan. None of the assets of nVent or its subsidiaries represents restricted net assets pursuant to the guidelines established by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Senior credit facilities
In September 2021, the Company and its subsidiaries nVent Finance and Hoffman Schroff Holdings, Inc. entered into an amended and restated credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with a syndicate of banks providing for a five-year $300.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2021 Term Loan Facility") and a five-year $600.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility" and, together with the 2021 Term Loan Facility, the "Senior Credit Facilities"). Borrowings under the 2021 Term Loan Facility were permitted on a delayed draw basis during the first year of the five-year term of the 2021 Term Loan Facility, and borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility are permitted from time to time during the full five-year term of the Revolving Credit Facility. In September 2022, nVent exercised the delayed draw provision of the 2021 Term Loan Facility, increasing the total borrowings under the 2021 Term Loan Facility by $200.0 million to $300.0 million. nVent Finance has the option to request to increase the Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate amount of up to $300.0 million, subject to customary conditions, including the commitment of the participating lenders.
As of March 31, 2024, the borrowing capacity under the Revolving Credit Facility was $600.0 million.
Borrowings under the Senior Credit Facilities bear interest at a rate equal to an adjusted base rate, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"), Euro Interbank Offer Rate (“EURIBOR”) or Sterling Overnight Index Average (“SONIA”), plus, in each case, an applicable margin. The applicable margin will be based on, at nVent Finance’s election, the Company's leverage level or public credit rating.
17


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
In April 2023, nVent and nVent Finance entered into a loan agreement providing for another unsecured term loan facility of $300.0 million for five years (the "2023 Term Loan Facility"), which was used to fund the acquisition of ECM Industries. The 2023 Term Loan Facility bears interest at a rate equal to an adjusted base rate or adjusted term SOFR plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin will be based on, at nVent Finance’s election, the Company's leverage level or public credit rating.
Our debt agreements contain certain financial covenants, the most restrictive of which are in the Senior Credit Facilities and the 2023 Term Loan Facility, including that we may not permit (i) the ratio of our consolidated debt (net of our consolidated unrestricted cash in excess of $5.0 million but not to exceed $250.0 million) to our consolidated net income (excluding, among other things, non-cash gains and losses) before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash share-based compensation expense ("EBITDA") on the last day of any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters (each a "testing period") to exceed 3.75 to 1.00 (or, at nVent Finance's election and subject to certain conditions, 4.25 to 1.00 for four testing periods in connection with certain material acquisitions, which we elected in connection with the acquisition of ECM Industries in May 2023 for each of the next four fiscal quarters beginning in the second quarter of 2023) and (ii) the ratio of our EBITDA to our consolidated interest expense for the same period to be less than 3.00 to 1.00. In addition, subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the Senior Credit Facilities and the 2023 Term Loan Facility also contain covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to create liens, merge or consolidate with another person, make acquisitions and incur subsidiary debt. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with all financial covenants in our debt agreements, and there is no material uncertainty about our ongoing ability to meet those covenants.
Debt outstanding at March 31, 2024, excluding unamortized issuance costs and discounts, matures on a calendar year basis as follows:
 Q2-Q4       
In millions202420252026202720282029ThereafterTotal
Contractual debt obligation maturities$24.4 $37.5 $179.4 $22.5 $721.2 $ $800.0 $1,785.0 
10.Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was 22.6% compared to 18.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The liability for uncertain tax positions was $13.8 million and $13.9 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. We record penalties and interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in Provision for income taxes and Net interest expense, respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income, which is consistent with our past practices.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development introduced an international tax framework under Pillar II (the "Pillar II framework") which includes a global minimum tax of 15%. The Pillar II framework has been implemented by several jurisdictions, including jurisdictions in which we operate, with effect from January 1, 2024, which resulted in an increase to our effective tax rate in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2023.
11.Shareholders' Equity
Share repurchases
On May 14, 2021, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $300.0 million (the "2021 Authorization"). The 2021 Authorization began on July 23, 2021 and expires on July 22, 2024.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we did not repurchase ordinary shares under the 2021 Authorization. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we repurchased 0.3 million of our ordinary shares for $13.2 million under the 2021 Authorization.
As of March 31, 2024, we had $81.8 million available for share repurchases under the 2021 Authorization.
Dividends payable
On February 19, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.19 per ordinary share payable on May 10, 2024, to shareholders of record at the close of business on April 26, 2024. The balance of dividends payable included in Other current liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was $32.1 million and $32.6 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
18


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
12.Segment Information
We evaluate performance based on net sales and segment income (loss) and use a variety of ratios to measure performance of our reporting segments. These results are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have occurred had each segment been an independent, stand-alone entity during the periods presented. Segment income (loss) represents operating income exclusive of intangible amortization, acquisition related costs, costs of restructuring activities, impairments and other unusual non-operating items.
Financial information by reportable segment is as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Net sales
Enclosures$439.9 $391.0 
Electrical & Fastening Solutions292.2 205.7 
Thermal Management142.5 143.9 
Total$874.6 $740.6 
Segment income (loss)
Enclosures$94.8 $82.5 
Electrical & Fastening Solutions85.2 61.3 
Thermal Management31.8 30.9 
Other(19.5)(26.7)
Total$192.3 $148.0 
The following table presents a reconciliation of segment income to income before income taxes:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Segment income$192.3 $148.0 
Restructuring and other(1.3)(4.0)
Intangible amortization(25.2)(17.6)
Acquisition transaction and integration costs(6.6)(2.3)
Net interest expense(22.2)(7.8)
Other expense(1.2)(1.2)
Income before income taxes$135.8 $115.1 
13.Share-Based Compensation
Total share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, was as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Restricted stock units$3.3 $2.7 
Performance share units2.0 2.0 
Stock options1.3 1.0 
Total$6.6 $5.7 
19


nVent Electric plc
Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)
In the first quarter of 2024, we issued our annual share-based compensation grants under the 2018 Omnibus Incentive Plan to eligible employees. The total number of awards issued was approximately 0.6 million, of which 0.2 million were restricted stock units ("RSUs"), 0.1 million were performance share units ("PSUs") and 0.3 million were stock options. The weighted-average grant date fair value of the RSUs, PSUs and stock options issued was $68.74, $103.93 and $27.16, respectively.
We estimated the fair value of each stock option award issued in the annual share-based compensation grant using a Black-Scholes option pricing model, modified for dividends, and using the following assumptions:
2024 Annual Grant
Risk-free interest rate4.06 %
Expected dividend yield1.27 %
Expected share price volatility37.1 %
Expected term (years)6.8
These estimates require us to make assumptions based on historical results, observance of trends in our share price, changes in option exercise behaviors, future expectations and other relevant factors. If other assumptions had been used, share-based compensation expense, as calculated and recorded under the accounting guidance, could have been affected.
We based the expected life assumption on historical experience as well as the terms and vesting periods of the options granted. For purposes of determining expected volatility, we considered historical volatilities of peer companies over a period approximately equal to the expected option term. The risk-free rate for periods that coincide with the expected life of the options is based on the U.S. Treasury Department yield curve in effect at the time of grant.
14.Commitments and Contingencies
Warranties and guarantees
In connection with the disposition of our businesses or product lines, we may agree to indemnify purchasers for various potential liabilities relating to the sold business, such as pre-closing tax, product liability, warranty, environmental, or other obligations. The subject matter, amounts and duration of any such indemnification obligations vary for each type of liability indemnified and may vary widely from transaction to transaction.
Generally, the maximum obligation under such indemnifications is not explicitly stated and as a result, the overall amount of these obligations cannot be reasonably estimated. Historically, we have not made significant payments for these indemnifications. We believe that if we were to incur a loss in any of these matters, the loss would not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
We recognize, at the inception of a guarantee, a liability for the fair value of the obligation undertaken in issuing the guarantee.
We provide service and warranty policies on our products. Liability under service and warranty policies is based upon a review of historical warranty and service claim experience. Adjustments are made to accruals as claim data and historical experience warrant. Our liability for service and product warranties as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was not material.
Stand-by letters of credit, bank guarantees and bonds
In the ordinary course of business, we are required to commit to bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees that require payments to our customers for any non-performance. The outstanding face value of these instruments fluctuates with the value of our projects in process and in our backlog. In addition, we issue financial stand-by letters of credit primarily to secure our performance to third parties under self-insurance programs.
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the outstanding value of bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees totaled $42.7 million and $45.5 million, respectively.
20


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-looking Statements
This report contains statements that we believe to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Without limitation, any statements preceded or followed by or that include the words "targets," "plans," "believes," "expects," "intends," "will," "likely," "may," "anticipates," "estimates," "projects," "forecasts," "should," "would," "could," "positioned," "strategy," "future," "are confident," or words, phrases or terms of similar substance or the negative thereof, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Among these factors are adverse effects on our business operations or financial results, including due to the overall global economic and business conditions impacting our business; the ability to achieve the benefits of our restructuring plans; the ability to successfully identify, finance, complete and integrate acquisitions, including the ECM Industries and other recent acquisitions; competition and pricing pressures in the markets we serve, including the impacts of tariffs; volatility in currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices; inability to generate savings from excellence in operations initiatives consisting of lean enterprise, supply management and cash flow practices; inability to mitigate material and other cost inflation; risks related to the availability of, and cost inflation in, supply chain inputs, including labor, raw materials, commodities, packaging and transportation; increased risks associated with operating foreign businesses, including risks associated with military conflicts, such as that between Russia and Ukraine, and related sanctions; the ability to deliver backlog and win future project work; failure of markets to accept new product introductions and enhancements; the impact of changes in laws and regulations, including those that limit U.S. tax benefits; the outcome of litigation and governmental proceedings; and the ability to achieve our long-term strategic operating goals. Additional information concerning these and other factors is contained in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and ITEM 1A. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. nVent Electric plc assumes no obligation, and disclaims any obligation, to update the information contained in this report.
Overview
The terms "us," "we," "our," "the Company" or "nVent" refer to nVent Electric plc. nVent is a leading global provider of electrical connection and protection solutions. We believe our inventive electrical solutions enable safer systems and ensure a more secure world. We design, manufacture, market, install and service high performance products and solutions that connect and protect mission critical equipment, buildings and essential processes. We offer a comprehensive range of enclosures, electrical fastening solutions and thermal management solutions across industry-leading brands that are recognized globally for quality, reliability and innovation.
We classify our operations into business segments based primarily on types of products offered and markets served. We operate across three segments: Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management, which represented approximately 50%, 34% and 16% of total revenues during the first three months of 2024, respectively.
Enclosures—The Enclosures segment provides innovative solutions to help protect electronics and data in mission critical applications, including data solutions, that improve reliability and energy efficiency. Our standard and custom protective enclosures, cooling solutions and power distribution solutions help manage power and protect operating environments for mission critical applications in industrial, infrastructure, commercial and energy verticals.
Electrical & Fastening Solutions—The Electrical & Fastening Solutions segment provides innovative solutions that connect and protect in power and data infrastructure. Our offerings enhance end-user safety, reduce installation time and provide resiliency for critical systems. Our power connections, fastening solutions, cable management solutions, grounding and bonding systems, tools and test instruments help provide efficiencies to contractors and provide resiliency for critical systems that are used across a wide range of verticals, including commercial and residential, infrastructure, industrial and energy.
Thermal Management—The Thermal Management segment provides mission critical heat management solutions that protect people and assets and enhance process efficiency and performance. Our offerings help ensure critical safety, maximize uptime and deliver lower total cost of ownership. For industrial and energy, our products and solutions include heat tracing for freeze protection and process temperature maintenance and temperature control. For commercial, residential and infrastructure, we provide products such as pipe freeze protection, surface deicing, hot water temperature maintenance, floor heating, fire rated wiring and leak detection.
21


On May 18, 2023, as part of our Electrical & Fastening Solutions reporting segment, we completed the acquisition of ECM Investors, LLC, the parent of ECM Industries, LLC ("ECM Industries"), for approximately $1.1 billion in cash, subject to customary adjustments. ECM Industries is a leading provider of high-value electrical connectors, tools and test instruments and cable management. The purchase price was funded primarily through borrowings under the 2033 Notes and 2023 Term Loan Facility (as defined below).
On July 10, 2023, we acquired TEXA Industries for approximately $34.8 million in cash, subject to customary purchase price adjustments. TEXA Industries is an Italian manufacturer of industrial cooling applications that we will market as part of the nVent HOFFMAN product line within our Enclosures segment.
Key Trends and Uncertainties Regarding our Existing Business
The following trends and uncertainties affected our financial performance in 2023 and the first three months of 2024 and will likely impact our results in the future:
During 2023 and the first three months of 2024, we have experienced inflationary increases, primarily related to labor and raw material costs. While we have taken pricing actions and we have implemented and plan to continue to implement productivity improvements that could help offset these cost increases, we expect inflationary cost increases to continue in the remainder of 2024, which could negatively impact our results of operations.
Our global operations make our effective tax rate sensitive to significant tax law changes. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development introduced an international tax framework under Pillar II (the "Pillar II framework") which includes a global minimum tax of 15%. The Pillar II framework has been implemented by several jurisdictions, including jurisdictions in which we operate, with effect from January 1, 2024, which resulted in an increase to our effective tax rate in 2024. We will continue to monitor these developments as more countries in which we operate adopt legislation and provide guidance.
The converging megatrends of the electrification of everything, sustainability and digitalization, including the increased use of artificial intelligence, have led to sales growth, particularly in the infrastructure vertical, which includes our data solutions business that is primarily in our Enclosures segment. We expect these megatrends to continue and further drive sales growth throughout 2024 and beyond.
We have invested in innovation and new products, which contributed to sales growth across nVent. We expect continued investment in new products to further drive sales growth throughout 2024.
In 2024, our operating objectives include the following:
Executing our Environmental, Social and Governance ("ESG") strategy focused on People, Products, Planet and Governance;
Enhancing and supporting employee engagement, development and retention;
Achieving differentiated revenue growth through focus on higher growth verticals, new products and innovation, global expansion and acquisitions;
Integrating recent acquisitions with our existing operations;
Optimizing our technological capabilities to increasingly generate innovative new and connected products and advance digital transformation;
Driving operational excellence through lean and agile, with specific focus on our digital transformation and supply chain resiliency;
Optimizing working capital through inventory initiatives across business segments and focused actions to align customer and vendor payment terms; and
Deploying capital strategically to drive growth and value creation.
22


CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
 Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
$ change% / point 
change
Net sales$874.6 $740.6 $134.0 18.1 %
Cost of goods sold519.1 437.4 81.7 18.7 %
Gross profit355.5 303.2 52.3 17.2 %
      % of net sales
40.6 %40.9 %(0.3) pts
 
Selling, general and administrative
175.5 162.4 13.1 8.1 %
      % of net sales
20.1 %21.9 %(1.8) pts
Research and development
20.8 16.7 4.1 24.6 %
      % of net sales2.4 %2.3 %0.1  pts
Operating income 159.2 124.1 35.1 28.3 %
      % of net sales18.2 %16.8 %1.4  pts
Net interest expense22.2 7.8 14.4 N.M.
Other expense1.2 1.2 — N.M.
Income before income taxes135.8 115.1 20.7 18.0 %
Provision for income taxes30.7 21.3 9.4 44.1 %
      Effective tax rate22.6 %18.5 %4.1  pts
Net income$105.1 $93.8 $11.3 12.0 %
N.M. Not Meaningful
23


Net sales
The components of the change in consolidated net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Volume4.0 %
Price0.8 
Organic growth4.8 
Acquisition13.2 
Currency0.1 
Total18.1 %
The 18.1 percent increase in net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
sales of $97.8 million in the first quarter of 2024 as a result of the ECM Industries and TEXA Industries acquisitions; and
organic sales growth contribution of approximately 3.5% and 1.0% from our infrastructure and industrial businesses, respectively, which included increases in selling prices.
Gross profit
The 0.3 percentage point decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
inflationary increases, primarily related to labor costs, compared to 2023.
This decrease was partially offset by:
higher sales volume resulting in increased leverage on fixed expenses in cost of goods sold; and
increased productivity as a result of supply chain management and manufacturing efficiencies.
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A")
The 1.8 percentage point decrease in SG&A expense as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
higher sales volume resulting in increased leverage on fixed expenses; and
savings generated from restructuring and other productivity initiatives.
This decrease was partially offset by:
intangible amortization expense of $25.2 million in the first quarter of 2024 compared to $17.6 million in the first quarter of 2023, as a result of the ECM Industries and TEXA Industries acquisitions; and
investments in capacity, new products and digital to drive growth.
Net interest expense
The increase in net interest expense in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was the result of:
increased debt due to the acquisition of ECM Industries; and
increased variable interest rates compared to the same periods of the prior year.
Provision for income taxes
The 4.1 percentage point increase in the effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
the enactment of the Pillar II global minimum tax framework, effective January 1, 2024 in certain jurisdictions in which we operate; and
increased earnings in higher tax rate jurisdictions.
24


SEGMENT RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The summary that follows provides a discussion of the results of operations of each of our three reportable segments (Enclosures, Electrical & Fastening Solutions and Thermal Management). Each of these segments comprises various product offerings that serve multiple end users.
We evaluate performance based on sales and segment income and use a variety of ratios to measure performance of our reporting segments. Segment income represents operating income exclusive of intangible amortization, acquisition related expenses, costs of restructuring activities, impairments and other unusual non-operating items.
Enclosures
The net sales, segment income and segment income as a percentage of net sales for Enclosures were as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
% / point change
Net sales$439.9 $391.0 12.5 %
Segment income94.8 82.5 14.9 %
      % of net sales21.6 %21.1 %0.5  pts
Net sales
The components of the change in Enclosures net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Volume10.0 %
Price0.8 
Organic growth10.8 
Acquisition1.6 
Currency0.1 
Total12.5 %
The 12.5 percent increase in Enclosures net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
organic sales growth contribution of approximately 9.0% from our infrastructure business, which included growth in the data solutions business, and 1.5% from our industrial business, which included selective increases in selling prices.
Segment income
The components of the change in Enclosures segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Growth/acquisition1.6  pts
Price0.6 
Currency(0.3)
Net productivity(1.4)
Total0.5  pts
The 0.5 percentage point increase in segment income for Enclosures as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
higher sales volume resulting in increased leverage on fixed expenses.
This increase was partially offset by:
inflationary increases, primarily related to labor costs, compared to 2023; and
investments in capacity, new products and digital to drive growth.
25


Electrical & Fastening Solutions
The net sales, segment income and segment income as a percentage of net sales for Electrical & Fastening Solutions were as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
% / point change
Net sales$292.2 $205.7 42.1 %
Segment income85.2 61.3 39.0 %
      % of net sales29.2 %29.8 %(0.6) pts
Net sales
The components of the change in Electrical & Fastening Solutions net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Volume(2.9)%
Price0.3 
Organic growth (2.6)
Acquisition44.4 
Currency0.3 
Total42.1 %
The 42.1 percent increase in Electrical & Fastening Solutions net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
sales of $91.4 million in the first quarter of 2024 as a result of the ECM Industries acquisition; and
organic sales growth contribution of approximately 1.0% from our commercial & residential business, which included selective increases in selling prices.
This increase was partially offset by:
organic sales decline of approximately 4.5% from our infrastructure business, partially offset by selective increases in selling prices.
Segment income
The components of the change in Electrical & Fastening Solutions segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Growth/acquisition(0.9) pts
Price0.2 
Currency0.1 
Total(0.6) pts
The 0.6 percentage point decrease in segment income for Electrical & Fastening Solutions as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses;
inflationary increases, primarily related to labor costs, compared to 2023; and
investments in digital, selling and marketing to drive growth.
This decrease was partially offset by:
increased productivity as a result of supply chain management and manufacturing efficiencies.
26


Thermal Management
The net sales, segment income and segment income as a percentage of net sales for Thermal Management were as follows:
Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
% / point change
Net sales$142.5 $143.9 (1.0)%
Segment income31.8 30.9 2.9 %
      % of net sales22.3 %21.5 %0.8  pts
Net sales
The components of the change in Thermal Management net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Volume(2.8)%
Price1.8 
Organic growth(1.0)
Total(1.0)%
The 1.0 percent decrease in Thermal Management net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
organic sales decline of approximately 2.5% from our energy business, partially offset by selective increases in selling prices.
This decrease was partially offset by:
organic sales growth contribution of approximately 1.0% from our industrial business, which included selective increases in selling prices.
Segment income
The components of the change in Thermal Management segment income as a percentage of net sales from the prior period were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2024
over the prior year period
Price1.4  pts
Net productivity(0.6)
Total0.8  pts
The 0.8 percentage point increase in segment income for Thermal Management as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of 2024 from 2023 was primarily the result of:
increases in selling prices to mitigate inflationary cost increases; and
savings generated from restructuring and other productivity initiatives.
This increase was partially offset by:
inflationary increases, primarily related to labor costs, compared to 2023; and
lower sales volume resulting in decreased leverage on fixed expenses.
27


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
The primary source of liquidity for our business is cash flows provided by operations. We expect to continue to have cash requirements to support working capital needs and capital expenditures, to pay interest and service debt and to pay dividends to shareholders quarterly. We believe we have the ability and sufficient capacity to meet these cash requirements by using available cash, internally generated funds and borrowing under committed credit facilities. We are focused on increasing our cash flow, while continuing to fund our research and development, sales and marketing and capital investment initiatives. Our intent is to maintain investment grade metrics and a solid liquidity position. As of March 31, 2024, we had $211.4 million of cash on hand, of which $38.4 million is held in certain countries in which the ability to repatriate is limited due to local regulations or significant potential tax consequences.
We experience seasonal cash flows primarily due to increased demand for Electrical & Fastening Solutions products during the spring and summer months in the Northern Hemisphere and increased demand for Thermal Management products and services during the fall and winter months in the Northern Hemisphere.
Operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $90.0 million in the first three months of 2024, which primarily reflects net income, net of non-cash depreciation, amortization, changes in deferred taxes, of $144.5 million, partially offset by a $60.9 million increase in net working capital.
Net cash provided by operating activities was $69.4 million in the first three months of 2023, which primarily reflects net income, net of non-cash depreciation, amortization and changes in deferred taxes, of $123.1 million, partially offset by a $57.1 million increase in net working capital.
Investing activities
Net cash used for investing activities of $15.8 million in the first three months of 2024 relates primarily to capital expenditures of $16.1 million.
Net cash used for investing activities of $16.9 million in the first three months of 2023 relates primarily to capital expenditures of $17.1 million.
Financing activities
Net cash used for financing activities of $40.2 million in the first three months of 2024 relates primarily to dividends paid of $31.9 million.
Net cash used for financing activities of $50.8 million in the first three months of 2023 relates primarily to dividends paid of $29.3 million and share repurchases of $15.2 million.
Senior notes
In March 2018, nVent Finance S.à r.l. (“nVent Finance” or "Subsidiary Issuer"), a 100-percent owned subsidiary of nVent, issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.550% senior notes due 2028 (the "2028 Notes").
In November 2021, nVent Finance issued $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.750% senior notes due 2031 (the "2031 Notes").
In May 2023, to finance the acquisition of ECM Industries, nVent Finance issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.650% Senior Notes due 2033 (the "2033 Notes" and, collectively with the 2028 Notes and the 2031 Notes, the "Notes").
Interest on the 2028 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year, and interest on the 2031 Notes and 2033 Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year.
The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed as to payment by nVent (the "Parent Company Guarantor"). There are no subsidiaries that guarantee the Notes. The Parent Company Guarantor is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in consolidated subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations unrelated to its investments in consolidated subsidiaries and the issuance of the Notes and other external debt. The Parent Company Guarantor’s principal source of cash flow, including cash flow to make payments on the Notes pursuant to the guarantees, is dividends from its subsidiaries. The Subsidiary Issuer’s principal source of cash flow is interest income from its subsidiaries. None of the subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer is under any direct obligation to pay or otherwise fund amounts due on the Notes or the guarantees, whether in the form of dividends, distributions, loans or other payments. In addition, there may be statutory and regulatory limitations on the payment of dividends from certain subsidiaries of the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer. If such subsidiaries are unable to transfer funds to the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer and sufficient cash or liquidity is not otherwise
28


available, the Parent Company Guarantor or the Subsidiary Issuer may not be able to make principal and interest payments on their outstanding debt, including the Notes or the guarantees.
The Notes constitute general unsecured senior obligations of the Subsidiary Issuer and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. The guarantees of the Notes by the Parent Company Guarantor constitute general unsecured obligations of the Parent Company Guarantor and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsubordinated and unsecured indebtedness and liabilities of the Subsidiary Issuer. Subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the indenture pursuant to which the Notes were issued contains covenants that, among other things, restrict nVent’s, nVent Finance’s and certain subsidiaries’ ability to merge or consolidate with another person, create liens or engage in sale and lease-back transactions.
There are no significant restrictions on the ability of nVent to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend or loan. None of the assets of nVent or its subsidiaries represents restricted net assets pursuant to the guidelines established by the SEC.
Senior credit facilities
In September 2021, the Company and its subsidiaries nVent Finance and Hoffman Schroff Holdings, Inc. entered into an amended and restated credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with a syndicate of banks providing for a five-year $300.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2021 Term Loan Facility") and a five-year $600.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility" and, together with the 2021 Term Loan Facility, the "Senior Credit Facilities"). Borrowings under the 2021 Term Loan Facility were permitted on a delayed draw basis during the first year of the five-year term of the 2021 Term Loan Facility, and borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility are permitted from time to time during the full five-year term of the Revolving Credit Facility. In September 2022, nVent exercised the delayed draw provision of the 2021 Term Loan Facility, increasing the total borrowings under the 2021 Term Loan Facility by $200.0 million to $300.0 million. nVent Finance has the option to request to increase the Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate amount of up to $300.0 million, subject to customary conditions, including the commitment of the participating lenders.
As of March 31, 2024, the borrowing capacity under the Revolving Credit Facility was $600.0 million.
Borrowings under the Senior Credit Facilities bear interest at a rate equal to an adjusted base rate, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"), Euro Interbank Offer Rate (“EURIBOR”) or Sterling Overnight Index Average (“SONIA”), plus, in each case, an applicable margin. The applicable margin will be based on, at nVent Finance’s election, the Company's leverage level or public credit rating.
In April 2023, nVent and nVent Finance entered into a loan agreement providing for another unsecured term loan facility of $300.0 million for five years (the "2023 Term Loan Facility"), which was used to fund the acquisition of ECM Industries. The 2023 Term Loan Facility bears interest at a rate equal to an adjusted base rate or adjusted term SOFR plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin will be based on, at nVent Finance’s election, the Company's leverage level or public credit rating.
Our debt agreements contain certain financial covenants, the most restrictive of which are in the Senior Credit Facilities and the 2023 Term Loan Facility, including that we may not permit (i) the ratio of our consolidated debt (net of our consolidated unrestricted cash in excess of $5.0 million but not to exceed $250.0 million) to our consolidated net income (excluding, among other things, non-cash gains and losses) before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash share-based compensation expense ("EBITDA") on the last day of any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters (each a "testing period") to exceed 3.75 to 1.00 (or, at nVent Finance's election and subject to certain conditions, 4.25 to 1.00 for four testing periods in connection with certain material acquisitions, which we elected in connection with the acquisition of ECM Industries in May 2023 for each of the next four fiscal quarters beginning in the second quarter of 2023) and (ii) the ratio of our EBITDA to our consolidated interest expense for the same period to be less than 3.00 to 1.00. In addition, subject to certain qualifications and exceptions, the Senior Credit Facilities and the 2023 Term Loan Facility also contain covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to create liens, merge or consolidate with another person, make acquisitions and incur subsidiary debt. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with all financial covenants in our debt agreements, and there is no material uncertainty about our ongoing ability to meet those covenants.
Share repurchases
On May 14, 2021, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of our ordinary shares up to a maximum dollar limit of $300.0 million (the "2021 Authorization"). The 2021 Authorization began on July 23, 2021 and expires on July 22, 2024.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we did not repurchase ordinary shares under the 2021 Authorization. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we repurchased 0.3 million of our ordinary shares for $13.2 million under the 2021 Authorization.
As of March 31, 2024, we had $81.8 million available for share repurchases under the 2021 Authorization.
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Dividends
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we paid dividends of $31.9 million, or $0.19 per ordinary share. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we paid dividends of $29.3 million, or $0.175 per ordinary share.
On February 19, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.19 per ordinary share payable on May 10, 2024, to shareholders of record at the close of business on April 26, 2024. The balance of dividends payable included in Other current liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was $32.1 million and $32.6 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
Other financial measures
In addition to measuring our cash flow generation or usage based upon operating, investing and financing classifications included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, we also measure our free cash flow. Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use to assess our cash flow performance. We believe free cash flow is an important measure of liquidity because it provides us and our investors a measurement of cash generated from operations that is available to pay dividends, make acquisitions, repay debt and repurchase shares. In addition, free cash flow is used as a criterion to measure and pay annual incentive compensation. Our measure of free cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
The following table is a reconciliation of free cash flow:
 Three months ended
In millionsMarch 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities$90.0 $69.4 
Capital expenditures(16.1)(17.1)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment0.3 0.2 
Free cash flow$74.2 $52.5 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
We have adopted various accounting policies to prepare the consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Certain of our accounting policies require the application of significant judgment by management in selecting the appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. In our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K, we identified the critical accounting policies which affect our more significant estimates and assumptions used in preparing our consolidated financial statements.
There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates from those previously disclosed in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no material changes in our market risk during the quarter ended March 31, 2024. For additional information, refer to our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
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ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCE