10-Q 1 omc-20220331.htm 10-Q omc-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
_________________________
Commission File Number: 1-10551

OMNICOM GROUP INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York13-1514814
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
280 Park Avenue, New York, NY
10017
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 415-3600
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
____________________________________________________________
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolsName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.15 Par ValueOMCNew York Stock Exchange
0.800% Senior Notes due 2027OMC/27New York Stock Exchange
1.400% Senior Notes due 2031OMC/31New York Stock Exchange
2.250% Senior Notes due 2033OMC/33New York Stock Exchange
____________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No
_________________________
As of April 13, 2022, there were 205,732,684 shares of Omnicom Group Inc. Common Stock outstanding.



OMNICOM GROUP INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I.FINANCIAL INFORMATIONPage
Item 1. 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets - March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
1
 
Consolidated Statements of Income - Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income - Three Months Ended
     March 31, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Statements of Equity - Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
PART II.OTHER INFORMATION 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6.
Exhibits
SIGNATURES
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements, including statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In addition, from time to time, the Company or its representatives have made, or may make, forward-looking statements, orally or in writing. These statements may discuss goals, intentions and expectations as to future plans, trends, events, results of operations or financial position, or otherwise, based on current beliefs of the Company’s management as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, the Company’s management. Forward-looking statements may be accompanied by words such as “aim,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “future,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project” or similar words, phrases or expressions. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside the Company’s control. Therefore, you should not place undue reliance on such statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include: the impact of the war in Ukraine; adverse economic conditions, including those caused by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, severe and sustained inflation in countries that comprise our major markets, supply chain issues affecting the distribution of our clients’ products; international, national or local economic conditions that could adversely affect the Company or its clients; losses on media purchases and production costs incurred on behalf of clients; reductions in client spending, a slowdown in client payments and a deterioration or a disruption in the credit markets; the ability to attract new clients and retain existing clients in the manner anticipated; changes in client advertising, marketing and corporate communications requirements; failure to manage potential conflicts of interest between or among clients; unanticipated changes relating to competitive factors in the advertising, marketing and corporate communications industries; the ability to hire and retain key personnel; currency exchange rate fluctuations; reliance on information technology systems; changes in legislation or governmental regulations affecting the Company or its clients; risks associated with assumptions the Company makes in connection with its critical accounting estimates and legal proceedings; and the Company’s international operations, which are subject to the risks of currency repatriation restrictions, social or political conditions and regulatory environment. The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. You should carefully consider the foregoing factors and the other risks and uncertainties that may affect the Company’s business, including those described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 and in Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this report. Except as required under applicable law, the Company does not assume any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.
i



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current Assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$3,925.5 $5,316.8 
Short-term investments92.7  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $21.0 and $21.7
7,071.6 8,472.5 
Work in process1,316.8 1,201.0 
Other current assets990.9 919.2 
Total Current Assets13,397.5 15,909.5 
Property and Equipment at cost, less accumulated depreciation of $1,178.2 and $1,165.7
970.6 992.1 
Operating Lease Right-Of-Use Assets1,204.3 1,202.9 
Equity Method Investments77.6 76.3 
Goodwill9,951.9 9,738.6 
Intangible Assets, net of accumulated amortization of $821.7 and $856.5
333.0 298.0 
Other Assets210.8 204.4 
TOTAL ASSETS$26,145.7 $28,421.8 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities:  
Accounts payable$9,899.6 $11,897.2 
Customer advances1,463.8 1,644.5 
Short-term debt12.4 9.6 
Taxes payable328.5 263.3 
Other current liabilities2,472.9 2,411.6 
Total Current Liabilities14,177.2 16,226.2 
Long-Term Liabilities960.0 961.5 
Long-Term Liability - Operating Leases950.1 952.1 
Long-Term Debt5,646.4 5,685.7 
Deferred Tax Liabilities458.1 477.3 
Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Note 11)
Temporary Equity - Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests405.3 345.3 
Equity:  
Shareholders’ Equity:  
Preferred stock  
Common stock44.6 44.6 
Additional paid-in capital584.5 622.0 
Retained earnings9,027.3 8,998.8 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(1,222.6)(1,252.3)
Treasury stock, at cost(5,434.1)(5,142.9)
Total Shareholders’ Equity2,999.7 3,270.2 
Noncontrolling interests548.9 503.5 
Total Equity3,548.6 3,773.7 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY$26,145.7 $28,421.8 



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
1



OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Revenue$3,410.3 $3,426.9 
Operating Expenses:
   Salary and service costs2,491.8 2,545.0 
   Occupancy and other costs300.2 291.6 
Charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine113.4  
Cost of services2,905.4 2,836.6 
   Selling, general and administrative expenses96.7 71.6 
   Depreciation and amortization55.2 53.3 
3,057.3 2,961.5 
Operating Profit353.0 465.4 
Interest Expense51.0 53.8 
Interest Income8.2 6.3 
Income Before Income Taxes and Loss From Equity Method Investments310.2 417.9 
Income Tax Expense115.5 111.9 
Loss From Equity Method Investments(0.1) 
Net Income194.6 306.0 
Net Income Attributed To Noncontrolling Interests20.8 18.2 
Net Income - Omnicom Group Inc.$173.8 $287.8 
Net Income Per Share - Omnicom Group Inc.: 
Basic$0.83$1.33
Diluted$0.83$1.33





















The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
2



OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Net Income$194.6 $306.0 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
Cash flow hedge:
Amortization of loss included in interest expense
1.4 1.4 
Income tax effect
(0.4)(0.4)
1.0 1.0 
Defined benefit pension plans and postemployment arrangements:
Amortization of prior service cost
1.0 1.2 
Amortization of actuarial losses
1.6 3.3 
Income tax effect
(1.3)(1.8)
1.3 2.7 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
28.1 (46.9)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)30.4 (43.2)
Comprehensive Income225.0 262.8 
Comprehensive Income Attributed To Noncontrolling Interests21.5 7.4 
Comprehensive Income - Omnicom Group Inc.$203.5 $255.4 


























The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
3



OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20222021
Common Stock, shares issued297.2 297.2 
Common Stock, par value$44.6 $44.6 
Additional Paid-in Capital:
Beginning Balance622.0 747.8 
Net change in noncontrolling interests(5.6)1.0 
Change in temporary equity(57.8)(2.8)
Share-based compensation20.0 20.8 
Stock issued, share-based compensation5.9 2.9 
Ending Balance584.5 769.7 
Retained Earnings:
Beginning Balance8,998.8 8,190.6 
Net income173.8 287.8 
Common stock dividends declared
(145.3)(150.9)
Ending Balance9,027.3 8,327.5 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
Beginning Balance(1,252.3)(1,213.8)
Other comprehensive income (loss)29.7 (32.4)
Ending Balance(1,222.6)(1,246.2)
Treasury Stock:
Beginning Balance(5,142.9)(4,684.8)
Stock issued, share-based compensation9.1 1.1 
Common stock repurchased(300.3)(0.7)
Ending Balance(5,434.1)(4,684.4)
Shareholders’ Equity2,999.7 3,211.2 
Noncontrolling Interests:
Beginning Balance503.5 492.5 
Net income20.8 18.2 
Other comprehensive income (loss)0.7 (10.8)
Dividends to noncontrolling interests(14.0)(13.6)
Net change in noncontrolling interests(9.9)(5.8)
Increase in noncontrolling interests from business combinations 47.8  
Ending Balance548.9 480.5 
Total Equity$3,548.6 $3,691.7 
Dividends Declared Per Common Share$0.70$0.70





The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
4



OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:  
Net income$194.6 $306.0 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization of right-of-use assets35.8 33.4 
Amortization of intangible assets19.4 19.9 
Amortization of net deferred gain on interest rate swaps1.4 (1.3)
Share-based compensation20.0 20.8 
Non-cash charges related to the effects of the war in Ukraine65.8  
Other, net2.7 3.8 
Use of operating capital(884.2)(843.5)
Net Cash Used In Operating Activities(544.5)(460.9)
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:  
Capital expenditures(23.2)(12.4)
Acquisition of businesses and interests in affiliates, net of cash acquired
(246.6) 
Purchase of short-term investments(92.7) 
Other, net0.7 1.6 
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities(361.8)(10.8)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:  
Change in short-term debt
2.4 2.2 
Dividends paid to common shareholders(147.4)(140.1)
Repurchases of common stock(300.3)(0.7)
Proceeds from stock plans13.5 3.4 
Acquisition of additional noncontrolling interests(6.3)(2.2)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest shareholders(14.0)(13.6)
Payment of contingent purchase price obligations(6.0)(6.9)
Other, net(18.2)(17.8)
Net Cash Used In Financing Activities(476.3)(175.7)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(8.7)(55.8)
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents(1,391.3)(703.2)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at the Beginning of Period5,316.8 5,600.5 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at the End of Period$3,925.5 $4,897.3 















The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
5



OMNICOM GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. Presentation of Financial Statements
The terms “Omnicom,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” each refer to Omnicom Group Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP or GAAP, for interim financial information and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosure have been condensed or omitted.
In our opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation, in all material respects, of the information contained herein. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, or 2021 10-K. Results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year.
Risks and Uncertainties
Global economic challenges, including the impact of the war in Ukraine, the COVID-19 pandemic, rising inflation and supply-chain disruptions could cause economic uncertainty and volatility. The impact of these issues on our business will vary by geographic market and discipline. We monitor economic conditions closely, as well as client revenue levels and other factors. In response to reductions in revenue, we can take actions to align our cost structure with changes in client demand and manage our working capital. However, there can be no assurance as to the effectiveness of our efforts to mitigate any impact of the current and future adverse economic conditions, reductions in client revenue, changes in client creditworthiness and other developments.
Impact of the War in Ukraine
We have historically conducted operations in Russia and Ukraine through local agencies in which we hold a majority stake. The minority partners in these agencies are local management, which report to the applicable network management.
During the first quarter of 2022, the war in Ukraine required us to suspend our business operations in Ukraine. The war resulted in the imposition of sanctions by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union, that affect the cross-border operations of businesses operating in Russia. In addition, Russian regulators have imposed currency restrictions and regulations that created uncertainty regarding our ability to recover our investment in our operations in Russia, as well as our ability to exercise control over the operations. Also, many multinational companies, including many of our large clients, ceased or suspended their operations in Russia. Therefore, the ability to continue operations in Russia without additional funding, which we will not provide, is uncertain. As a result, we have sold, or committed to dispose of, all of our businesses in Russia. Accordingly, we recorded pretax charges of $113.4 million in the first quarter of 2022, primarily consisting of the net investment in our Russian businesses, and also including charges related to the suspension of operations in Ukraine.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic - Update
Beginning in March 2020 and continuing through the first quarter of 2021, our business experienced the effects from reductions in client spending due to the economic impact related to the COVID-19 pandemic. While mixed by business and geography, the spending reductions impacted all our businesses and markets. Globally, the most impacted businesses were our Experiential discipline, especially in our event marketing businesses, and our Execution & Support discipline, primarily in field marketing. Most of our markets began to improve in April 2021, and the improvement continued through the first quarter of 2022 as clients substantially increased their spending on our services.
2. Revenue
Nature of our services
We provide an extensive range of advertising, marketing and corporate communications services through various client-centric networks that are organized to meet specific client objectives. Our networks and agencies provide a comprehensive range of services in the following fundamental disciplines: Advertising & Media, Precision Marketing, Commerce & Brand Consulting, Experiential, Execution & Support, Public Relations and Healthcare. Advertising & Media includes creative services across digital and traditional media, strategic media planning and buying, and data analytics services. Precision Marketing includes digital and direct marketing, digital transformation and data and analytics. Commerce & Brand Consulting services include brand consulting, strategy and research, and retail ecommerce. Experiential marketing services include live and digital events and experience design and execution. Execution & Support includes field marketing, sales support, digital and physical merchandising and point-of-sale, as well as other specialized marketing and custom communications services. Public relations services include corporate communications, crisis management, public affairs, and media and media relations services. Healthcare includes advertising and media services to global healthcare and pharmaceutical clients. At the core of all our services is the ability to create or develop a
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client’s marketing or corporate communications message into content that can be delivered to a target audience across different communications mediums.
Revenue by discipline was (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Advertising & Media$1,769.4 $2,003.7 
Precision Marketing336.1 269.5 
Commerce & Brand Consulting237.9 214.5 
Experiential142.5 88.4 
Execution & Support254.3 246.6 
Public Relations360.9 317.5 
Healthcare309.2 286.7 
 $3,410.3 $3,426.9 
Economic factors affecting our revenue
Global economic conditions have a direct impact on our revenue. Adverse economic conditions pose a risk that our clients may reduce, postpone or cancel spending for our services, which would impact our revenue.
Revenue in our principal geographic markets was (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Americas:
North America$1,839.0 $1,972.5 
Latin America67.7 63.2 
EMEA:
Europe992.0 941.0 
Middle East and Africa81.9 50.2 
Asia-Pacific429.7 400.0 
$3,410.3 $3,426.9 
The Americas is comprised of North America, which includes the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico, and Latin America, which includes South America and Mexico. EMEA is comprised of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Asia-Pacific includes Australia, Greater China, India, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Singapore and other Asian countries. Revenue in the United States for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $1,724.6 million and $1,868.1 million, respectively.
Contract assets and liabilities
Work in process includes contract assets, unbilled fees and costs, and media and production costs. Contract liabilities primarily consist of customer advances. Work in process and contract liabilities were (in millions):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
Work in process:
   Contract assets and unbilled fees and costs$662.5 $469.9 $626.0 
   Media and production costs654.3 731.1 512.7 
$1,316.8 $1,201.0 $1,138.7 
Contract liabilities:
   Customer advances$1,463.8 $1,644.5 $1,278.0 
Work in process represents accrued costs incurred on behalf of customers, including media and production costs, and fees and other third-party costs that have not yet been billed. Media and production costs are billed during the production process in accordance with the terms of the client contract. Contract assets primarily include incentive fees, which are not material and will be billed to clients in accordance with the terms of the client contract. Substantially all unbilled fees and costs will be billed within the next 30 days. Contract liabilities primarily represent advance billings to customers in accordance with the terms of the client contracts, primarily for the reimbursement of third-party costs that are generally incurred in the near term. There were no impairment losses to the contract assets recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
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3. Net Income per Share
The computations of basic and diluted net income per share were (in millions, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Net Income - Omnicom Group Inc.$173.8 $287.8 
Weighted Average Shares:  
Basic208.3 215.6 
Dilutive stock options and restricted shares1.5 1.2 
Diluted209.8 216.8 
Anti-dilutive stock options and restricted shares0.5 0.7 
Net Income per Share - Omnicom Group Inc.:  
Basic$0.83$1.33
Diluted$0.83$1.33
4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill and intangible assets were (in millions):
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Gross
Carrying
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Value
Gross
Carrying
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Value
Goodwill$10,466.6 $(514.7)$9,951.9 $10,259.6 $(521.0)$9,738.6 
Intangible assets:      
Purchased and internally
developed software
$375.5 $(314.6)$60.9 $382.2 $(318.7)$63.5 
Customer related and other779.2 (507.1)272.1 772.3 (537.8)234.5 
 $1,154.7 $(821.7)$333.0 $1,154.5 $(856.5)$298.0 
Changes in goodwill were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
January 1$9,738.6 $9,609.7 
Acquisitions215.2  
Noncontrolling interests in acquired businesses47.8  
Dispositions(19.4) 
Foreign currency translation(30.3)(68.2)
March 31
$9,951.9 $9,541.5 
We evaluated the effects of the war in Ukraine and the geopolitical events in the region on our forecasted consolidated operating performance and concluded that we do not have a trigger event that would result in an update of our evaluation of goodwill for impairment that we performed in June 2021. We will continue to monitor these ongoing geopolitical events and evaluate the impact, if any, on our goodwill impairment test, which will be performed in June 2022.
5. Debt
Credit Facilities
We have a $2.5 billion multi-currency revolving credit facility, or Credit Facility, that matures on February 14, 2025. In addition, we have uncommitted credit lines aggregating $807.5 million and the ability to issue up to $2 billion of U.S. Dollar denominated commercial paper and issue up to the equivalent of $500 million in British Pounds or Euro under a Euro commercial paper program. These facilities provide additional liquidity sources for operating capital and general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2022, there were no borrowings under the Credit Facility or the uncommitted credit lines, and there were no outstanding commercial paper issuances.
The Credit Facility contains a financial covenant that requires us to maintain a Leverage Ratio of consolidated indebtedness to consolidated EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash charges) of no more than 3.0 times for the most recently ended 12-month period. At March 31, 2022, we were in compliance with this covenant as our Leverage Ratio was 2.4 times. The Credit Facility does not limit our ability to declare or pay dividends or repurchase our common stock.
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Short-Term Debt
At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, short-term debt of $12.4 million and $9.6 million, respectively, represented bank overdrafts and short-term borrowings primarily of our international subsidiaries. Due to the short-term nature of this debt, carrying value approximates fair value.
Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt was (in millions):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
3.65% Senior Notes due 2024
$750.0 $750.0 
3.60% Senior Notes due 2026
1,400.0 1,400.0 
500 million 0.80% Senior Notes due 2027
554.7 568.6 
2.45% Senior Notes due 2030
600.0 600.0 
4.20% Senior Notes due 2030
600.0 600.0 
500 million 1.40% Senior Notes due 2031
554.7 568.6 
2.60% Senior Notes due 2031
800.0 800.0 
£325 million 2.25% Senior Notes due 2033
426.5 439.8 
 5,685.9 5,727.0 
Unamortized discount(10.2)(10.8)
Unamortized debt issuance costs(30.4)(31.8)
Unamortized deferred gain from settlement of interest rate swaps1.1 1.3 
$5,646.4 $5,685.7 
Our 2.45% Senior Notes due 2030, 4.20% Senior Notes due 2030 and 2.60% Senior Notes due 2031 are senior unsecured obligations of Omnicom that rank equal in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured senior indebtedness.
Omnicom and its wholly owned finance subsidiary, Omnicom Capital Inc., or OCI, are co-obligors under our 3.65% Senior Notes due 2024 and 3.60% Senior Notes due 2026. These notes are a joint and several liability of Omnicom and OCI, and Omnicom unconditionally guarantees OCI’s obligations with respect to the notes. OCI provides funding for our operations by incurring debt and lending the proceeds to our operating subsidiaries. OCI’s assets primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents and intercompany loans made to our operating subsidiaries, and the related interest receivable. There are no restrictions on the ability of OCI or Omnicom to obtain funds from our subsidiaries through dividends, loans or advances. Such notes are senior unsecured obligations that rank equal in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured senior indebtedness.
Omnicom and OCI have, jointly and severally, fully and unconditionally guaranteed the obligations of Omnicom Finance Holdings plc, or OFH, a U.K.-based wholly owned subsidiary of Omnicom, with respect to the €500 million 0.80% Senior Notes due 2027 and the €500 million 1.40% Senior Notes due 2031, collectively the Euro Notes. OFH’s assets consist of its investments in several wholly owned finance companies that function as treasury centers, which provide funding for various operating companies in Europe, Brazil, Australia and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The finance companies’ assets consist of cash and cash equivalents and intercompany loans that they make or have made to the operating companies in their respective regions and the related interest receivable. There are no restrictions on the ability of Omnicom, OCI or OFH to obtain funds from their subsidiaries through dividends, loans or advances. The Euro Notes and the related guarantees are senior unsecured obligations that rank equal in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured senior indebtedness of OFH and each of Omnicom and OCI, respectively.
Omnicom has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the obligations of Omnicom Capital Holdings plc, or OCH, a U.K.-based wholly owned subsidiary of Omnicom, with respect to the £325 million 2.25% Senior Notes due 2033, or the Sterling Notes. OCH’s assets consist of its investments in several wholly owned finance companies that function as treasury centers, which provide funding for various operating companies in EMEA, Australia and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The finance companies’ assets consist of cash and cash equivalents and intercompany loans that they make or have made to the operating companies in their respective regions and the related interest receivable. There are no restrictions on the ability of Omnicom or OCH to obtain funds from their subsidiaries through dividends, loans or advances. The Sterling Notes and the related guarantee are senior unsecured obligations that rank equal in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured senior indebtedness of OCH and Omnicom, respectively.
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6. Segment Reporting
Our branded agency networks operate in the advertising, marketing and corporate communications services industry, and are organized into agency networks, virtual client networks, regional reporting units and operating groups or practice areas. Our networks, virtual client networks and agencies increasingly share clients and provide clients with integrated services. The main economic components of each agency are employee compensation and related costs and direct service costs and occupancy and other costs which include rent and occupancy costs, technology costs and other overhead expenses. Therefore, given these similarities, we aggregate our six operating segments, which are our agency networks, into one reporting segment.
The agency networks' regional reporting units comprise three geographic regions: the Americas, EMEA and Asia-Pacific. The regional reporting units monitor the performance and are responsible for the agencies in their region. Agencies within the regional reporting units serve similar clients in similar industries and, in many cases, the same clients, and have similar economic characteristics.
Revenue and long-lived assets and goodwill by geographic region were (in millions):
AmericasEMEAAsia-Pacific
March 31, 2022   
Revenue - Three months ended$1,906.7 $1,073.9 $429.7 
Long-lived assets and goodwill7,896.2 3,532.6 698.0 
March 31, 2021
Revenue - Three months ended$2,035.7 $991.2 $400.0 
Long-lived assets and goodwill7,562.7 3,074.7 644.8 
7. Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased period-over-period to 37.2% from 26.8%. The higher effective tax rate for 2022 was predominantly the result of the non-deductibility of the $113.4 million charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine, as well as an additional net charge of $4.8 million in connection with these charges. These charges were partially offset by the tax benefit arising from our share-based compensation awards.
At March 31, 2022, our unrecognized tax benefits were $163.5 million. Of this amount, approximately $157.9 million would affect our effective tax rate upon resolution of the uncertain tax positions.
8. Pension and Other Postemployment Benefits
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
The components of net periodic benefit expense were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Service cost$0.8 $1.4 
Interest cost1.0 0.8 
Expected return on plan assets(0.3)(0.2)
Amortization of prior service cost0.1 0.2 
Amortization of actuarial losses1.0 2.3 
 $2.6 $4.5 
We contributed $0.2 million to our defined benefit pension plans in each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Postemployment Arrangements
The components of net periodic benefit expense were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Service cost$1.1 $1.2 
Interest cost0.7 0.5 
Amortization of prior service cost0.9 1.0 
Amortization of actuarial losses0.6 1.0 
 $3.3 $3.7 
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9. Charges Arising from the Effects of the War in Ukraine
As discussed in Note 1, in the first quarter of 2022, we recorded pretax charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine of $113.4 million, which included cash charges of $47.6 million, primarily consisting of the loss on the disposition of the net investment in our Russian businesses, as well as impairment and other non-cash charges related to the suspension of operations in Ukraine.
10. Supplemental Cash Flow Data
The change in operating capital was (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable$1,142.2 $1,095.5 
(Increase) decrease in work in process and other current assets(248.1)(55.3)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable(1,755.4)(1,953.8)
Increase (decrease) in customer advances, taxes payable and other current liabilities12.2 63.0 
Change in other assets and liabilities, net(35.1)7.1 
Increase (decrease) in operating capital$(884.2)$(843.5)
Income taxes paid$49.9 $42.7 
Interest paid$14.1 $5.3 
Non-cash increase in lease liabilities (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Operating leases$76.3 $38.7 
Finance leases$17.0 $11.7 
11. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various legal proceedings. We do not presently expect that these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial position.
12. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes were (in millions):
Cash
Flow
Hedge
Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Postemployment ArrangementsForeign
Currency Translation
Total
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
January 1$(16.1)$(90.4)$(1,145.8)$(1,252.3)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
  27.4 27.4 
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive
   income (loss)
1.0 1.3  2.3 
March 31
$(15.1)$(89.1)$(1,118.4)$(1,222.6)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
January 1$(20.1)$(123.2)$(1,070.5)$(1,213.8)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
  (36.1)(36.1)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive
   income (loss)
1.0 2.7  3.7 
March 31
$(19.1)$(120.5)$(1,106.6)$(1,246.2)
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13. Fair Value
Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were (in millions):
March 31, 2022
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents$3,925.5  $3,925.5 
Short-term investments$92.7 92.7 
Marketable equity investments0.9 0.9 
Liabilities:   
Contingent purchase price obligations$160.6 $160.6 
December 31, 2021
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents$5,316.8  $5,316.8 
Marketable equity investments1.1  1.1 
Foreign currency derivative instruments$0.3 0.3 
Liabilities:
Foreign currency derivatives$0.1 $0.1 
Contingent purchase price obligations$167.1 167.1 
Changes in contingent purchase price obligations were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
January 1$167.1 $71.9 
Acquisitions0.5 1.3 
Revaluation and interest0.2 0.4 
Payments(6.0)(5.4)
Foreign currency translation(1.2)(0.5)
March 31
$160.6 $67.7 
The carrying amount and fair value of our financial assets and liabilities were (in millions):
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents$3,925.5 $3,925.5 $5,316.8 $5,316.8 
Short-term investments92.7 92.7   
Marketable equity securities0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 
Non-marketable equity securities5.6 5.6 6.5 6.5 
Foreign currency derivatives  0.3 0.3 
Liabilities:    
Short-term debt$12.4 $12.4 $9.6 $9.6 
Foreign currency derivatives  0.1 0.1 
Contingent purchase price obligations160.6 160.6 167.1 167.1 
Long-term debt5,646.4 5,561.3 5,685.7 6,011.6 
Short-term investments of $92.7 million at March 31, 2022 represent time deposits maturing at various dates within the year. These investments are classified as held-to-maturity securities because we have the positive intent and ability to hold until maturity. Held-to-maturity securities are carried at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. Fair value is based on observable interest rates for similar securities.
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The estimated fair value of the foreign currency derivatives is determined using model-derived valuations, taking into consideration foreign currency rates and counterparty credit risk. The estimated fair value of the contingent purchase price obligations is calculated in accordance with the terms of each acquisition agreement and is discounted. The fair value of debt is based on quoted market prices.
14. New Accounting Standards
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities From Contracts With Customers, or ASU 2021-08, that requires acquiring companies to apply ASC 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers acquired in a business combination consistent with those recorded by the acquiring company. ASU 2021-08 is effective January 1, 2023, and early adoption is permitted. Contracts with customers in the advertising and marketing business are typically short duration contracts. To the extent we acquire companies in the advertising and marketing communications business, we do not expect this standard to have a material impact on our results of operations or financial position.
15. Subsequent Events
We have evaluated events subsequent to the balance sheet date and determined that there have not been any events that have occurred that would require additional adjustments to or disclosures in these consolidated financial statements.
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Item 2.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Risks and Uncertainties
Global economic challenges, including the impact of the war in Ukraine, the COVID-19 pandemic, rising inflation and supply-chain disruptions could cause economic uncertainty and volatility. The impact of these issues on our business will vary by geographic market and discipline. We monitor economic conditions closely, as well as client revenue levels and other factors. In response to reductions in revenue, we can take actions to align our cost structure with changes in client demand and manage our working capital. However, there can be no assurance as to the effectiveness of our efforts to mitigate any impact of the current and future adverse economic conditions, reductions in client revenue, changes in client creditworthiness and other developments.
Impact of the War in Ukraine
We have historically conducted operations in Russia and Ukraine through local agencies in which we hold a majority stake. The minority partners in these agencies are local management, which report to the applicable network management.
During the first quarter of 2022, the war in Ukraine required us to suspend our business operations in Ukraine. The war resulted in the imposition of sanctions by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union, that affect the cross-border operations of businesses operating in Russia. In addition, Russian regulators have imposed currency restrictions and regulations that created uncertainty regarding our ability to recover our investment in our operations in Russia, as well as our ability to exercise control over the operations. Also, many multinational companies, including many of our large clients, ceased or suspended their operations in Russia. Therefore, the ability to continue operations in Russia without additional funding, which we will not provide, is uncertain. As a result, we have sold, or committed to dispose of, all of our businesses in Russia. Accordingly, we recorded pretax charges of $113.4 million in the first quarter of 2022, primarily consisting of the net investment in our Russian businesses, and also including charges related to the suspension of operations in Ukraine.
We evaluated the effects of the war in Ukraine and the geopolitical events in the region on our forecasted consolidated operating performance and concluded that we do not have a trigger event that would result in an update of our evaluation of goodwill for impairment that we performed in June 2021. We will continue to monitor these ongoing geopolitical events, evaluate available options to seek to mitigate further risk of loss and continue to evaluate the impact, if any, on our goodwill impairment test, which will be performed in June 2022.
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic - Update
Beginning in March 2020 and continuing through the first quarter of 2021, our business experienced the effects from reductions in client spending due to the economic impact related to the COVID-19 pandemic. While mixed by business and geography, the spending reductions impacted all our businesses and markets. Globally, the most impacted businesses were our Experiential discipline, especially in our event marketing businesses, and our Execution & Support discipline, primarily in field marketing. Most of our markets began to improve year in April 2021, and the improvement continued through the first quarter of 2022 as clients substantially increased their spending on our services.
Results of Operations
Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022 decreased $16.6 million, or 0.5%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. Organic growth increased revenue $408.0 million, or 11.9%, primarily reflecting increased client spending in all our disciplines and across all our geographic regions compared to the prior year period. The increase in organic revenue was offset by the reduction in acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue of $339.6 million, or 9.9%, reflecting dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline in the second quarter of 2021, and the negative impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates of $85.0 million, or 2.5%.
We are a strategic holding company providing advertising, marketing and corporate communications services to clients through our branded networks and agencies around the world. On a global, pan-regional and local basis, our networks and agencies provide a comprehensive range of services in the following fundamental disciplines: Advertising & Media, Precision Marketing, Commerce & Brand Consulting, Experiential, Execution & Support, Public Relations and Healthcare. Advertising & Media include creative services across digital and traditional media, and strategic media planning and buying and data analytics services. Precision Marketing includes digital and direct marketing, digital transformation and data and analytics. Commerce & Brand Consulting services include brand consulting, strategy and research and retail ecommerce. Experiential marketing services include live and digital events and experience design and execution. Execution & Support includes field marketing, sales support, digital and physical merchandising and point-of-sale, as well as other specialized marketing and custom communications services. Public relations services include corporate communications, crisis management, public affairs and media and media relations services. Healthcare includes advertising and media services to global healthcare and pharmaceutical clients. Our business model was built and continues to evolve around our clients. While our networks and agencies operate under different names and frame their ideas in different disciplines, we organize our services around our clients. Our fundamental business principle is that our clients’ specific marketing requirements are the central focus of how we structure our service offerings and allocate our resources. This client-
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centric business model requires that multiple agencies within Omnicom collaborate in formal and informal virtual client networks utilizing our key client matrix organization structure. This collaboration allows us to cut across our internal organizational structures to execute our clients’ marketing requirements in a consistent and comprehensive manner. We use our client-centric approach to grow our business by expanding our service offerings to existing clients, moving into new markets and obtaining new clients. In addition, we pursue selective acquisitions of complementary companies with strong entrepreneurial management teams that typically currently serve or could serve our existing clients.
Driven by our clients’ continuous demand for more effective and efficient marketing activities, we strive to provide an extensive range of advertising, marketing and corporate communications services through various client-centric networks that are organized to meet specific client objectives. These service offerings include, among others, advertising, brand consulting, content marketing, corporate social responsibility consulting, crisis communications, custom publishing, data analytics, database management, digital/direct marketing, digital transformation, entertainment marketing, experiential marketing, field marketing, financial/corporate business-to-business advertising, graphic arts/digital imaging, healthcare marketing and communications, in-store design, interactive marketing, investor relations, marketing research, media planning and buying, merchandising and point of sale, mobile marketing, multi-cultural marketing, non-profit marketing, organizational communications, package design, product placement, promotional marketing, public affairs, public relations, retail marketing, sales support, search engine marketing, shopper marketing, social media marketing and sports and event marketing.
We continually evaluate our portfolio of businesses to identify areas for investment and acquisition opportunities, as well as to identify non-strategic or underperforming businesses for disposition.
As a leading global advertising, marketing and corporate communications company, we operate in all major markets and have a large and diverse client base. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2022, our largest client accounted for 3.3% of our revenue and our 100 largest clients, which represent many of the world's major marketers, accounted for approximately 51.8% of our revenue. Our clients operate in virtually every sector of the global economy with no one industry representing more than 16% of our revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Although our revenue is generally balanced between the United States and international markets, and we have a large and diverse client base, we are not immune to general economic downturns.
Certain global events targeted by major marketers for advertising expenditures, such as the FIFA World Cup and the Olympics, and certain national events, such as the U.S. election process, may affect our revenue period-over-period in certain businesses. Typically, these events do not have a significant impact on our revenue in any period.
Global economic conditions have a direct impact on our business and financial performance. Adverse global or regional economic conditions, such as those arising from the war in Ukraine, the COVID-19 pandemic, severe and sustained inflation in countries that comprise our major markets and client supply chain issues, pose a risk that our clients may reduce, postpone or cancel spending on advertising, marketing and corporate communications services, which would reduce the demand for our services. Revenue is typically lower in the first and third quarters and higher in the second and fourth quarters, reflecting client spending patterns during the year and additional project work that usually occurs in the fourth quarter.
General marketing communications trends impact our business and industry and, on balance, we believe that these effects are generally positive. These trends include integrating traditional and non-traditional marketing channels, as well as utilizing new communications technologies and emerging digital platforms, and clients increasingly expanding the focus of their brand strategies from national markets to pan-regional and global markets. As clients increase their demands for marketing effectiveness and efficiency, many of them have made it a practice to consolidate their business within one or a small number of service providers in the pursuit of a single engagement covering all consumer touch points. We have structured our business around these trends. Certain trends such as increased spending on digital marketing platforms, and our key client matrix organization structure approach to collaboration and integration of our services and solutions provide a competitive advantage to our business, and we expect this advantage to continue over the medium and long term.
Given our size and breadth, we manage our business by monitoring several financial indicators. The key indicators that we focus on are revenue and operating expenses. We analyze revenue growth by reviewing the components and mix of the growth, including growth by principal regional market and marketing discipline, the impact from foreign currency exchange rate changes, growth from acquisitions, net of dispositions, and growth from our largest clients. Operating expenses are comprised of cost of services, selling, general and administrative expenses, or SG&A, and depreciation and amortization.
Revenue for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 decreased $16.6 million, or 0.5%, compared to the prior year quarter. Organic growth increased revenue $408.0 million, or 11.9%. Changes in foreign exchange rates reduced revenue $85.0 million, or 2.5%, and acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, reduced revenue $339.6 million, or 9.9%. The reduction in acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, primarily due to dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline in the second quarter of 2021. The change in revenue across our principal regional markets was: North America decreased $133.5 million, or 6.8%, Europe increased $51.0 million, or 5.4%, Asia-Pacific increased $29.7 million, or 7.4%, and Latin America increased $4.5 million, or 7.1%. In North America, the increase in organic revenue across all our disciplines, especially in our Advertising & Media and Precision Marketing disciplines, was offset by a reduction in acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, primarily due to dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline. In Europe, organic revenue increased in substantially all countries and in all disciplines, especially
15



our Advertising & Media discipline, which was led by our media business, and our Experiential discipline, as it continues to recover from the impact of the pandemic. The increase in organic revenue was partially offset by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against the British Pound and the Euro. In Latin America, revenue increased due to organic growth in most countries in the region, especially Brazil and Colombia, which was partially offset by negative performance in Mexico. The strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against most currencies in the region partially offset the increase in organic growth. In Asia-Pacific, revenue increased due to strong organic revenue growth in all our major markets in the region, particularly Australia, Greater China and India, and in all disciplines. The strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against substantially all currencies in the region partially offset the increase in organic revenue in the region. The change in revenue in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the first quarter of 2021 in our fundamental disciplines was: Advertising & Media decreased $234.3 million, Precision Marketing increased $66.6 million, Commerce & Brand Consulting increased $23.4 million, Experiential increased $54.1 million, Execution & Support increased $7.7 million, Public Relations increased $43.4 million and Healthcare increased $22.5 million.
We measure cost of services in two distinct categories: salary and service costs and occupancy and other costs. As a service business, salary and service costs make up the significant portion of our operating expenses and substantially all these costs comprise the essential components directly linked to the delivery of our services. Salary and service costs include employee compensation and benefits, freelance labor and third-party service costs, which include third-party supplier costs when we act as principal in providing services to our clients and client-related travel costs. Occupancy and other costs consist of the indirect costs related to the delivery of our services, including office rent and other occupancy costs, equipment rent, technology costs, general office expenses and other expenses.
Operating expenses for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 increased $95.8 million, or 3.2%, period-over-period. Operating expenses reflect pretax charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine of $113.4 million. Salary and service costs, which tend to fluctuate with changes in revenue, decreased $53.2 million, or 2.1%, compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2021, reflecting an increase in salary and related service costs of $145.4 million, offset by a decrease in third-party service costs of $198.6 million. The increase in salary and related service costs primarily resulted from the increase in organic revenue, and an increase in headcount as well as an increase in travel and related costs, partially offset by the weakening of most foreign currencies, especially the British Pound and Euro, against the U.S. Dollar. Third-party service costs, which fluctuate with changes in revenue, decreased during the quarter primarily due to dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline in the second quarter of 2021. Occupancy and other costs, which are less directly linked to changes in revenue than salary and service costs, increased $8.6 million, or 2.9%, period-over-period, primarily due to an increase in office and other costs resulting from the return of our workforce to the office. For the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the prior year period, operating profit decreased $112.4 million to $353.0 million, operating margin decreased to 10.4% from 13.6%, and EBITA margin decreased to 10.9% from 14.2%, primarily as a result of the charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine of $113.4 million, which reduced both operating margin and EBITA margin by 3.3%.
SG&A expenses primarily consist of third-party marketing costs, professional fees and compensation and benefits and occupancy and other costs of our corporate and executive offices, including group-wide finance and accounting, treasury, legal and governance, human resource oversight and similar costs. SG&A expenses increased period-over-period primarily due to increased third-party marketing costs and professional fees.
Net interest expense in the first quarter of 2022 decreased $4.7 million period-over-period to $42.8 million. Interest expense on debt in the first quarter of 2022 decreased $0.9 million to $47.0 million, primarily as a result of the benefit from the early redemption in May 2021 of all the outstanding $1.25 billion principal amount of 3.625% Senior Notes due 2022, or 2022 Notes, which was partially offset by the issuance of $800 million 2.60% Senior Notes due 2031, or the 2031 Notes, in May 2021 and the issuance of £325 million 2.25% Senior Notes due 2033, or the Sterling Notes, in November 2021. Interest income in the first quarter of 2022 increased $1.9 million period-over-period to $8.2 million.
Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased period-over-period to 37.2% from 26.8%. The higher effective tax rate for 2022 was predominantly the result of the non-deductibility of the $113.4 million charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine, as well as an additional net charge of $4.8 million in connection with these charges. These charges were partially offset by the tax benefit arising from our share-based compensation awards. We expect our tax rate for the remainder of the year to approximate 26.5%, similar to the rate for this quarter after adjusting for the charges arising for the effect of the war in Ukraine.
Net income - Omnicom Group Inc. in the first quarter of 2022 decreased $114.0 million to $173.8 million from $287.8 million in the first quarter of 2021. The period-over-period decrease is due to the factors described above. Diluted net income per share - Omnicom Group Inc. for the first quarter of 2022 was $0.83, as compared to $1.33 in the first quarter of 2021. The period-over-period change was due to the factors described above, as well as the impact of the reduction in our weighted average common shares outstanding resulting from the resumption of repurchases of our common stock during the quarter, net of shares issued for restricted stock awards, stock option exercises and the employee stock purchase plan. The impact of the after-tax charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine reduced net income - Omnicom Group Inc. in the first quarter of 2021 by $118.2 million and diluted net income per share - Omnicom Group Inc. by $0.56 per share.
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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - First Quarter 2022 Compared to First Quarter 2021 (in millions):
20222021
Revenue$3,410.3 $3,426.9 
Operating Expenses:
Salary and service costs2,491.8 2,545.0 
Occupancy and other costs300.2 291.6 
 Charges arising from the effects of the war in Ukraine113.4 — 
Cost of services2,905.4 2,836.6 
Selling, general and administrative expenses96.7 71.6 
Depreciation and amortization55.2 53.3 
3,057.3 2,961.5 
Operating Profit353.0 465.4 
Operating Margin %10.4 %13.6 %
Interest Expense51.0 53.8 
Interest Income8.2 6.3 
Income Before Income Taxes and Loss From Equity Method Investments310.2 417.9 
Income Tax Expense115.5 111.9 
Loss From Equity Method Investments(0.1)— 
Net Income194.6 306.0 
Net Income Attributed To Noncontrolling Interests20.8 18.2 
Net Income - Omnicom Group Inc.$173.8 $287.8 
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We use EBITA and EBITA Margin as additional operating performance measures that exclude the non-cash amortization expense of intangible assets, which primarily consists of amortization of intangible assets arising from acquisitions. We define EBITA as earnings before interest, taxes and amortization of intangible assets, and EBITA Margin as EBITA divided by revenue. EBITA and EBITA Margin are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe that EBITA and EBITA Margin are useful measures for investors to evaluate the performance of our business. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information presented in compliance with U.S. GAAP. Non-GAAP financial measures reported by us may not be comparable to similarly titled amounts reported by other companies.
The following table reconciles the U.S. GAAP financial measure of Net Income - Omnicom Group Inc. to EBITA and EBITA Margin for the periods presented (in millions):
20222021
Net Income - Omnicom Group Inc.$173.8 $287.8 
Net Income Attributed To Noncontrolling Interests20.8 18.2 
Net Income194.6 306.0 
Loss From Equity Method Investments(0.1)— 
Income Tax Expense115.5 111.9 
Income Before Income Taxes and Loss From Equity Method Investments310.2 417.9 
Interest Expense51.0 53.8 
Interest Income8.2 6.3 
Operating Profit353.0 465.4 
Add back: Amortization of intangible assets19.4 19.9 
Earnings before interest, taxes and amortization of intangible assets (“EBITA”)$372.4 $485.3 
Revenue$3,410.3 $3,426.9 
EBITA$372.4 $485.3 
EBITA Margin %10.9 %14.2 %

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Revenue
Revenue for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 decreased $16.6 million, or 0.5%, compared to the prior year quarter. Organic growth increased revenue $408.0 million, or 11.9%. Changes in foreign exchange rates reduced revenue $85.0 million, or 2.5%, and acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, reduced revenue $339.6 million, or 9.9%. The reduction in acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, primarily due to dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline in the second quarter of 2021. The change in revenue across our principal regional markets was: North America decreased $133.5 million, or 6.8%, Europe increased $51.0 million, or 5.4%, Asia-Pacific increased $29.7 million, or 7.4%, and Latin America increased $4.5 million, or 7.1%. In North America, the increase in organic revenue across all our disciplines, especially in our Advertising & Media and Precision Marketing disciplines, was offset by a reduction in acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue, primarily due to dispositions in the Advertising & Media discipline. In Europe, organic revenue increased in substantially all countries and in all disciplines, especially our Advertising & Media discipline, which was led by our media business, and our Experiential discipline, as it continues to recover from the impact of the pandemic. The increase in organic revenue was partially offset by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against the British Pound and the Euro. In Latin America, revenue increased due to organic growth in most countries in the region, especially Brazil and Colombia, which was partially offset by negative performance in Mexico. The strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against most currencies in the region partially offset the increase in organic growth. In Asia-Pacific, revenue increased due to strong organic revenue growth in all our major markets in the region, particularly Australia, Greater China and India, and in all disciplines. The strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against substantially all currencies in the region partially offset the increase in organic revenue in the region. The change in revenue in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the first quarter of 2021 in our fundamental disciplines was: Advertising & Media decreased $234.3 million, Precision Marketing increased $66.6 million, Commerce & Brand Consulting increased $23.4 million, Experiential increased $54.1 million, Execution & Support increased $7.7 million, Public Relations increased $43.4 million and Healthcare increased $22.5 million.
The components of revenue change for the first quarter of 2022 in the United States (“Domestic”) and the remainder of the world (“International”) were (in millions):
TotalDomesticInternational
$%$%$%
March 31, 2021$3,426.9 $1,868.1 $1,558.8 
 Components of revenue change:
     
Foreign exchange rate impact(85.0)(2.5)%— — %(85.0)(5.5)%
Acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue(339.6)(9.9)%(341.6)(18.3)%2.0 0.1 %
Organic growth408.0 11.9 %198.1 10.6 %209.9 13.5 %
March 31, 2022$3,410.3 (0.5)%$1,724.6 (7.7)%$1,685.7 8.1 %
The components and percentages are calculated as follows:
Foreign exchange rate impact is calculated by translating the current period’s local currency revenue using the prior period average exchange rates to derive current period constant currency revenue (in this case $3,495.3 million for the Total column). The foreign exchange impact is the difference between the current period revenue in U.S. Dollars and the current period constant currency revenue ($3,410.3 million less $3,495.3 million for the Total column).
Acquisition revenue is calculated as if the acquisition occurred twelve months prior to the acquisition date by aggregating the comparable prior period revenue of acquisitions through the acquisition date. As a result, acquisition revenue excludes the positive or negative difference between our current period revenue subsequent to the acquisition date and the comparable prior period revenue and the positive or negative growth after the acquisition is attributed to organic growth. Disposition revenue is calculated as if the disposition occurred twelve months prior to the disposition date by aggregating the comparable prior period revenue of dispositions through the disposition date. The acquisition revenue and disposition revenue amounts are netted in the table.
Organic growth is calculated by subtracting the foreign exchange rate impact, and the acquisition revenue, net of disposition revenue components from total revenue growth.
The percentage change is calculated by dividing the individual component amount by the prior period revenue base of that component ($3,426.9 million for the Total column).
Changes in the value of foreign currencies against the U.S. Dollar affect our results of operations and financial position. For the most part, because the revenue and expense of our foreign operations are both denominated in the same local currency, the economic impact on operating margin is minimized. Assuming exchange rates at April 15, 2022 remain unchanged, we expect the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates to reduce revenue for the full year by approximately 2% to 2.5%. In addition, based on acquisition and disposition activity to date, including the disposition of our businesses in Russia (see Note 1 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements), we expect the effect of net acquisitions and dispositions to reduce revenue for the second quarter of 2022 and for the full year by approximately 6.5% and 4.5%, respectively.
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Revenue and organic growth in our geographic markets were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021$ Change% Organic Growth
Americas:
North America$1,839.0 $1,972.5 $(133.5)10.6 %
Latin America67.7 63.2 4.5 9.3 %
EMEA:
Europe992.0 941.0 51.0 12.5 %
Middle East and Africa81.9 50.2 31.7 63.8 %
Asia-Pacific429.7 400.0 29.7 11.1 %
$3,410.3 $3,426.9 $(16.6)11.9 %
Revenue in Europe, which includes our primary markets of the United Kingdom, or the U.K., and the Euro Zone, increased $51.0 million for the first quarter of 2022. Revenue in the U.K., representing 11.4% of consolidated revenue, increased $32.2 million. Revenue in Continental Europe, which comprises the Euro Zone and the other European countries, representing 17.7% of consolidated revenue, increased $18.8 million. The increase in revenue in Europe is due to strong organic growth in all disciplines and substantially all countries, partially offset by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar against the British Pound and the Euro.
In the normal course of business, our agencies both gain and lose business from clients each year due to a variety of factors. Under our client-centric approach, we seek to broaden our relationships with all of our clients. For both the twelve months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, our largest client represented 3.3% of revenue. Our ten largest and 100 largest clients represented 21.1% and 51.8% of revenue for the twelve months ended March 31, 2022, respectively, and 21.5% and 54.2% of revenue for the twelve months ended March 31, 2021, respectively.
To monitor the changing needs of our clients and to further expand the scope of our services to key clients, we monitor revenue across a broad range of disciplines and group them into the following categories: Advertising & Media, Precision Marketing, Commerce & Brand Consulting, Experiential, Execution & Support, Public Relations and Healthcare.
Revenue and organic growth by discipline were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
202220212022 vs. 2021
$% of
Revenue
$% of
Revenue
$ Change% Organic Growth
Advertising & Media$1,769.4 51.9 %$2,003.7 58.5 %$(234.3)9.1 %
Precision Marketing336.1 9.8 %269.5 7.8 %66.6 20.3 %
Commerce & Brand Consulting237.9 7.0 %214.5 6.2 %23.4 13.8 %
Experiential142.5 4.2 %88.4 2.6 %54.1 68.0 %
Execution & Support254.3 7.4 %246.6 7.2 %7.7 6.3 %
Public Relations360.9 10.6 %317.5 9.3 %43.4 14.0 %
Healthcare309.2 9.1 %286.7 8.4 %22.5 7.7 %
 $3,410.3 $3,426.9 $(16.6)11.9 %
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We provide services to clients that operate in various industry sectors. Revenue by sector was:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare15 %15 %
Food and Beverage14 %14 %
Technology11 %%
Auto10 %10 %
Consumer Products%%
Financial Services%%
Travel and Entertainment%10 %
Retail%%
Telecommunications%%
Government%%
Services%%
Oil, Gas and Utilities%%
Not-for-Profit%%
Education%%
Other%%
100 %100 %
Operating Expenses
Operating expenses were (in millions):
Three Months Ended March 31,
202220212022 vs. 2021
$% of
Revenue
$% of
Revenue
$
Change
%
Change
Revenue$3,410.3  $3,426.9  $(16.6)(0.5)%
Operating Expenses:     
Salary and service costs:
Salary and related service costs1,794.6 52.6 %1,649.2 48.1 %145.4 8.8 %
Third-party service costs697.2 20.4 %895.8 26.1 %(198.6)(22.2)%
2,491.8 73.1 %2,545.0 74.3