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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023    Commission file number: 1-3579
PITNEY BOWES INC.
State of incorporation:DelawareI.R.S. Employer Identification No.06-0495050
Address:3001 Summer Street,Stamford,Connecticut06926
Telephone Number:(203)356-5000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $1 par value per sharePBINew York Stock Exchange
6.7% Notes due 2043PBI.PRBNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files) Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerþAccelerated filer oNon-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark whether the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. Yes No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No þ
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to § 240.10D-1(b). ¨
As of June 30, 2023, the aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $622 million based on the closing sale price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange. At January 31, 2024, there were 176,528,703 outstanding shares of common stock, $1 par value.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant's proxy statement to be filed within 120 days after our fiscal year end in connection with the Annual Meeting of Stockholders, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.
1


PITNEY BOWES INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  Page Number
PART I 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
 8
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
  
2

PART I

Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (Annual Report) contains statements that are forward-looking. We believe that these forward-looking statements are reasonable based on our current expectations and assumptions. However, we caution readers that any forward-looking statement within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results could differ materially. Words such as "estimate," "target," "project," "plan," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "intend" and similar expressions may identify such forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Forward-looking statements in this Annual Report speak only as of the date hereof, and forward-looking statements in documents attached that are incorporated by reference speak only as of the date of those documents.
While we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties and subject to change. Accordingly, actual results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could differ materially from those projected or assumed in our forward-looking statements. Certain factors which could cause future financial performance to differ materially from expectations include, without limitation:
declining physical mail volumes
changes in postal regulations or the operations and financial health of posts in the U.S. or other major markets, or changes to the broader postal or shipping markets
our ability to continue to grow volumes, gain additional economies of scale and improve profitability within our Global Ecommerce segment
the loss of some of our larger clients in our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services segments
the loss of, or significant changes to, United States Postal Service (USPS) commercial programs or our contractual relationships with the USPS or USPS' performance under those contracts
the impacts of higher interest rates and the potential for future interest rate increases on our cost of debt
declines in demand for our ecommerce services resulting from supply chain delays or interruptions affecting our retail clients, or changes in retail consumer behavior or spending patterns
changes in international trade policies, including the imposition or expansion of trade tariffs, and other geopolitical risks, including those related to China
global supply chain issues adversely impacting our third-party suppliers' ability to provide us products and services
expenses and potential impacts resulting from a breach of security, including cyber-attacks or other comparable events
the impacts of inflation and rising prices, higher interest rates and a slow-down in economic activity, including a global recession, or a U.S. government shutdown, to the company, our clients and retail consumers
competitive factors, including pricing pressures, technological developments and the introduction of new products and services by competitors
capital market disruptions or credit rating downgrades that adversely impact our ability to access capital markets at reasonable costs
changes in labor and transportation availability and costs
changes in foreign currency exchange rates, especially the impact a strengthening U.S. dollar could have on our global operations
our success at managing customer credit risk
changes in banking regulations, major bank failures or the loss of our Industrial Bank charter
changes in tax laws, rulings or regulations
our success in developing and marketing new products and services and obtaining regulatory approvals, if required
the continued availability and security of key information technology systems and the cost to comply with information security requirements and privacy laws
our success at managing relationships and costs with outsource providers of certain functions and operations
increased environmental and climate change requirements or other developments in these areas
intellectual property infringement claims
the use of the postal system for transmitting harmful biological agents, illegal substances or other terrorist attacks
acts of nature and the impact of a pandemic on the Company and the services and solutions we offer
Further information about factors that could materially affect us, including our results of operations and financial condition, is contained in Item 1A. "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report.

3


ITEM 1. BUSINESS
General
Pitney Bowes Inc. (we, us, our, or the company) is a global shipping and mailing company that provides technology, logistics, and financial services to small and medium sized businesses, large enterprises, including more than 90 percent of the Fortune 500, retailers and government clients around the world. These clients rely on us to remove the complexity and increase the efficiency in their sending of mail and parcels. For additional information, visit www.pitneybowes.com.

Business Segments
Global Ecommerce
Domestic parcel services offers retailers a parcel delivery and returns network for end consumers. We operate numerous domestic parcel sortation centers connected by a nationwide transportation network, enabling us to pick up parcels from retailer distribution centers and move them through our physical network. We also offer fulfillment services, providing pick, pack and ship services for clients through three fulfillment centers co-located within parcel sortation centers to facilitate same-day entry into our parcel delivery network.
Cross-border services offers a range of services for our clients to manage their international shopping and shipping experience. Our proprietary technology enables global tracking and logistics services; calculates duty, tax and shipping costs at checkout; enables multi-currency pricing, payment processing and fraud management; ensures compliance with product restrictions and produces all documentation requirements to meet export complexities and customs clearance.
Digital delivery services enables clients to reduce transportation and logistics costs, select the best carrier based on need and cost, improve delivery times and track packages in real-time. Powered by our shipping APIs, clients can purchase postage, print shipping labels and access shipping and tracking services from multiple carriers that can be easily integrated into any web application such as online shopping carts or ecommerce sites and provide guaranteed delivery times and flexible payment options.

Presort Services
We are the largest workshare partner of the USPS and national outsource provider of mail sortation services that allow clients to qualify large volumes of First-Class Mail, Marketing Mail and Marketing Mail Flats and Bound Printed Matter for postal workshare discounts. In 2023, we processed over 15 billion pieces of mail through our network of operating centers throughout the United States. Using our fully-customized proprietary technology, we provide clients with end-to-end solutions from pick up to delivery into the postal system network, expedited mail delivery and optimal postage savings.

Sending Technology Solutions (SendTech Solutions)
We provide clients with physical and digital mailing and shipping technology solutions and other applications to help simplify and save on the sending, tracking and receiving of letters, parcels and flats. We also offer supplies and maintenance services for these offerings. Our cloud enabled infrastructure provides software-as-a-service (SaaS) offerings delivered online and via connected or mobile devices. Our latest offerings are designed on an open platform architecture that have the capabilities to leverage partnerships with carriers, developers and other innovative companies to deliver value to our clients. We offer financing alternatives that enable clients to finance equipment and product purchases.
Through our wholly owned subsidiary, The Pitney Bowes Bank (the Bank), we offer clients located in the United States a revolving credit solution for the purchase of postage, services and supplies and an interest-bearing deposit solution to clients who prepay postage. Additionally, we offer financing alternatives that enable clients to finance or lease other manufacturers’ equipment and provide working capital. We provide revolving credit solutions to clients in Canada and the U.K. that enable them to make meter rental payments and purchase postage, services and supplies.
Seasonality
A larger percentage of our revenue is earned in the fourth quarter relative to the other quarters, driven primarily by higher shipping volumes during the holiday season.

Sales and Services
We market our products, solutions and services through a direct and inside sales force, global and regional partner channels, direct mailings and digital channels. We provide call-center, online and on-site support services for our products and solutions. Support services are primarily provided under maintenance contracts.


4


Competition
Our businesses face competition from large, multinational companies and smaller, more narrowly focused regional and local firms. We compete on the basis of technology and innovation, breadth of product offerings, our ability to design and tailor targeted solutions to meet client needs, performance, service and support, price, quality and brand.
We must continue to invest in our current technologies, products and solutions, and in the development of new technologies, products and solutions in order to maintain and improve our competitive position. We frequently encounter new competitors as the markets in which we participate evolve and newer businesses enter our existing markets.
A summary of the competitive environment for each of our segments is as follows:

Global Ecommerce
The domestic parcel services and cross-border solutions market includes competitors of various sizes, including companies and national posts with greater financial resources than us. Some of these competitors specialize in point solutions or freight forwarding services, are full-service ecommerce business process outsourcers and online marketplaces with international logistic support, or major global delivery services companies. We also face competition from companies that can offer both domestic and cross-border solutions in a single package which creates pricing leverage. The principal competitive factors include speed of delivery, price, ease of integration and use, innovative services, reliability, functionality and scalability. We compete based on the accuracy, reliability and scalability of our platform and logistics services, our ability to provide clients and their customers a one-stop full-service ecommerce experience and the ability to provide a more customized shipping solution than some of the larger competitors in the industry.
Our digital delivery services business competes with technology providers who help make shipping easier and more cost-effective. These technology providers range from large, established companies to smaller companies offering negotiated carrier rates. The principal competitive factors include technology stability and reliability, innovation, access to preferred shipping rates and ease of integration with existing systems.

Presort Services
We face competition from regional and local presort providers, cooperatives of multiple local presort providers, consolidators and service bureaus that offer presort solutions as part of a larger bundle of outsourcing services. We also face competition from large mailers that have sufficient volumes and the capability to sort their own mailings in-house and could use excess capacity to offer presort services to others. The principal competitive factors include price, innovative service, delivery speed, tracking and reporting, industry expertise and economies of scale. Our competitive advantages include our extensive network capable of processing significant volumes and our innovative proprietary technology that provides clients with reliable, secure and precise services and maximum postage discounts.

SendTech Solutions
We face competition from other mail equipment and solutions providers and those that offer online shipping and mailing products and services solutions. Additionally, the growth of alternative communication methods as compared to physical mail continue to grow, which creates competition to mail and to our offerings that enable clients to use the mail efficiently. We differentiate ourselves from our competitors through our breadth of physical and digital offerings, including cloud enabled SaaS and open platform architecture offerings; pricing; available financing and payment offerings; product reliability; support services; and our extensive knowledge of the shipping and mailing industry.
Our financing operations face competition, in varying degrees, from large, diversified financial institutions, including leasing companies, commercial finance companies and commercial banks, as well as small, specialized firms. We believe our competitive advantage that differentiates us from our competitors is the breadth of our financing and payment solutions and our ability to seamlessly integrate these solutions into our clients' shipping and mailing operations.

Also see Item 1A. Risk Factors for further details regarding the competition our businesses face.

Research, Development and Intellectual Property
We invest in research and development activities to develop new products and solutions, enhance the effectiveness and functionality of existing products and solutions and deliver high value technology and differentiated services in high value segments of the market.

Third-Party Suppliers
Our SendTech Solutions segment depends on third-party suppliers and outsource providers for a variety of services and product components and the hosting of our SaaS offerings. Our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services segments rely on third-party suppliers
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to help equip our facilities, provide warehouse support and assist with our logistical operations. All of our businesses and corporate functions depend on third-party providers for a variety of data analytics, sales, reporting and other functions. In certain instances, we rely on single-sourced or limited-sourced suppliers and outsourcing vendors around the world because doing so is advantageous due to quality, price or lack of alternative sources. We have risk mitigation programs to monitor conditions affecting our suppliers' ability to fulfill expected commitments. We believe that our available sources for services, components, supplies, logistics and manufacturing are adequate.

Regulatory Matters
We are subject to the regulations of postal authorities worldwide related to product specifications of our postage meters. Our Presort Services operations are also subject to USPS regulations. The Bank is chartered as an Industrial Bank under the laws of the State of Utah. The Bank and certain company affiliates that provide services to the Bank are subject to the regulations of the Utah Department of Financial Institutions and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. We are also subject to transportation regulations for various parts of our business, worldwide customs and trade regulations related to our cross-border shipping services and regulations concerning data privacy and security for our businesses that use, process and store certain personal, confidential or proprietary data.

Climate Change
Although climate change has had no material impact on our operations to date, the risk of increasingly severe climate events or the risk that those events happen more frequently could affect one or more of our facilities and our ability to conduct daily operations in the future. Increasing regulatory restrictions in response to climate change could also materially affect our costs, especially with respect to transportation.

Human Capital
Employee Profile
We have approximately 10,500 employees, with 81% located in the United States. We also rely on a contingent hourly workforce to supplement our full-time workforce to meet fluctuating demand.
We seek to create a high-performance culture that will drive and sustain enhanced long-term value for all our shareholders. To attract, retain and engage the talent needed, we provide competitive compensation and strive to maintain a diverse, inclusive and safe workplace, with equitable opportunities for growth and development. Our compensation programs are designed to reward performance and contribution. We regularly assess the business environments and labor markets in the areas we operate to ensure our compensation programs reflect best practices and are market competitive. Depending on position and level, elements of our compensation packages include base salary or wages, variable compensation based on individual and company objectives and equity. We provide a competitive benefits package fostered on work/life balance, including medical, dental, life and disability insurance, and benefits that provide additional support for our employees’ mental, physical, financial and social well-being.

Diversity and Inclusion
Maintaining a diverse workforce and an inclusive environment is critical to our success and we view diversity and inclusion as a competitive differentiator that helps us attract, grow, engage and retain the best talent. We celebrate a rich mix of countries, cultures, ages, races, ethnicities, gender identities, sexual orientation, abilities, and perspectives that showcase our humanity, differentiate us as individuals and enhance our businesses. Our global workforce is comprised of over 43% women and 35% of our global managers are women. Our U.S. population is nearly 50% people of color and 36% of our U.S. managers are people of color.
We continue to increase diversity and inclusion awareness throughout our company through enhancements and improvements to our talent acquisition processes, cultural awareness training and the creation of allies and mentors to help advance diversity and inclusion in our workforce.

Employee Engagement and Development
We are committed to creating a culture where our employees feel supported and valued. We offer employees many opportunities to advance their skills, learn new skills and achieve career goals through virtual and in-person development and training programs, professional development initiatives, experiential learning, mentoring and coaching programs and inclusion networks.
Through multiple platforms, we offer employees and candidates varied opportunities to find development opportunities and stay informed about key changes to our business. We conduct an independent annual employee engagement survey with demonstrated high levels of employee participation. We benchmark our results against our previous year’s performance, as well as against other high-performing organizations. We consider the feedback from employees and implement changes where possible and financially prudent.



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Health and Safety
We are committed to providing a safe workplace that protects against and limits personal injury and environmental harm. Through regular evaluations of site safety performance, sharing of successes, and creating projects to engage employees in safety improvements, we identify risks, provide guidance and training, review and learn from accidents, and reduce injuries. We also report monthly to both local site management and senior leadership on safety metrics, trends, risks and regulatory activity. Through these efforts and employee engagement, we have experienced significant improvements in our total recordable cases and total recordable incident rates since 2019.

Available Information
Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments thereto filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, are available, free of charge, through the Investor Relations section of our website at www.investorrelations.pitneybowes.com or from the SEC's website at www.sec.gov, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The other information found on our website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.

Information About Our Executive Officers
NameAgeTitleExecutive
Officer Since
Jason C. Dies54
Interim Chief Executive Officer
2017
Daniel J. Goldstein62Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer and Corporate Secretary2010
Christoph Stehmann (1)
61Executive Vice President, International Sending Technology Solutions2016
Gregg Zegras56Executive Vice President and President, Global Ecommerce2020
Ana Maria Chadwick52Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer2021
James Fairweather52
Executive Vice President, Chief Innovation Officer
2021
Debbie Pfeiffer (2)
63
Executive Vice President and President, Presort Services
2024
Shemin Nurmohamed (3)
52
Executive Vice President and President, Sending Technology Solutions
2024
(1) Effective April 1, 2024, Mr. Stehmann will be retiring.
(2) Effective January 1, 2024, Ms. Pfeiffer was appointed Executive Vice President and President, Presort Services.
(3) Effective January 1, 2024, Mrs. Nurmohamed was appointed Executive Vice President and President, Sending Technology Solutions.

There are no family relationships among the above officers. The above officers have served in various executive positions with the company for at least the past five years except as follows:
Mr. Zegras was appointed Executive Vice President and President, Global Ecommerce in July 2020. He joined the company in 2013 as President, Imagitas. Prior to joining the company, Mr. Zegras held several executive leadership positions, including at NBC Universal, Sharecare and Hearst Entertainment.
Ms. Chadwick joined the company as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in January 2021. Prior to joining the company, Ms. Chadwick was employed at the financial services division of General Electric Company as President and CEO of GE Capital Global Legacy Solutions. Ms. Chadwick spent over 20 years at GE Capital, where she held several executive positions, including Controller of GE Capital Americas and CFO at GE Capital Energy Financial Services.
Mr. Fairweather was appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer in May 2021. Prior to this, he was Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, Commerce Services. He has been a leader in the company's strategic digital transformation and technology initiatives across Design, SaaS, Data Science and Analytics, API Management, Security and Mobility.
Ms. Pfeiffer was appointed Executive Vice President and President, Presort Services in January 2024. Prior to this, she was President, Presort Services, Vice President/General Manager of the Columbus and Cincinnati Ohio Operating Centers, Vice President of National Accounts and Vice President Sales & Client Services,
Mrs. Nurmohamed was appointed Executive Vice President and President, Sending Technology Solutions in January 2024. She joined the company in 2016 as Vice President, Document Messaging Technologies France. Prior to joining the company, Mrs. Nurmohamed had a 16 year career at IBM as CFO and Sales Director of various business units at the European and global levels.
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Our operations face certain risks that should be considered in evaluating our business. We manage and mitigate these risks on a proactive basis, using an enterprise risk management program. Nevertheless, the following risk factors, some of which may be beyond our control, could materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, brand and reputation, and may cause future results to be materially different than our current expectations. These risk factors are not intended to be all inclusive.

Mailing and Shipping Industry Risks
The financial condition of the USPS, or the national posts in our other major markets, has affected, and could, in the future, affect the ability of those posts to provide services to us or our clients, which could adversely affect client demand for our offerings and thus our financial performance.
We are dependent on financially viable national posts in the geographic markets where we operate, particularly in the United States. A significant portion of our revenue depends upon the ability of these posts, especially the USPS, to provide competitive mail and package delivery services to our clients and the quality of the services they provide. Their ability to provide high quality service at affordable rates in turn depends upon their ongoing financial strength. Although Congress provided the USPS a measure of relief with the enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act of 2022, the USPS, and national posts in our other major markets, still face financial challenges. If these challenges interfere with these posts’ ability to continue to provide the services they currently provide, our financial performance may be adversely affected.

Our ability to compete in the package shipping market in the United States depends upon certain contractual relationships we have with the USPS and the successful performance of those services.
The USPS is our primary provider for the “last mile” component of our parcel delivery services in the United States. This represents a significant component of our cost in offering these services. If we are unable to receive competitive pricing from the USPS or take advantage of lower cost USPS options, our ability to compete with private carriers and achieve profitable revenue growth may be adversely affected. Our digital delivery options also depend upon certain contractual relationships with the USPS to enable us to offer these services profitably, and the USPS has adjusted the terms of those contracts in the past. Should the USPS make additional changes to how it contracts with us for this service, our profitability could be adversely affected. The quality of service we provide to our clients also depends upon the quality of delivery services received from the USPS. As the ecommerce market continues to evolve, and as the USPS implements changes to its network, if the USPS’ service performance is materially worse than that of the private carriers, we may lose clients to competition and our financial performance may be adversely affected.

We are subject to postal regulations and processes, which could adversely affect our financial performance.
A significant portion of our business is subject to regulation and oversight by the USPS, posts in other major markets, and the governmental bodies that regulate the posts themselves. These postal authorities have the power to regulate some of our current products and services and to establish guidelines for postage rates. They also must approve many of our new or future product and service offerings before we can bring them to market. If new or future product and service offerings are not approved or there are significant conditions to approval, favorable postage rates are reversed, regulations on existing products or services are changed, posts utilize their position in the market or their role as product regulator to limit competition in areas where the posts themselves offer solutions, or if we fall out of compliance with the posts’ regulations, our financial performance could be adversely affected.

If we are not able to respond to the continuing decline in the volume of physical mail delivered via traditional postal services, our financial performance could be adversely affected.
Continuing declines in traditional mail volumes impact our financial results, primarily within our SendTech Solutions and Presort Services segments. An accelerated or sudden decline could result from one or more of the following factors: changes in communication technologies and their use; changes in frequency and quality of mail delivery from national posts; legislation incentivizing alternative means of communication, burdening mail, or limiting how the mail be used; significant rate increases; or other external events affecting physical mail delivery. If we are not successful at meeting the continuing challenges faced in our mailing business, or if physical mail volumes experience an accelerated or sudden decline, our financial performance could be adversely affected.

Significant changes to the laws regulating the USPS or other posts, or changes in their operating models could have an adverse effect on our financial performance.
As a significant portion of our revenue and earnings is dependent on postal operations, changes in the laws and regulations that affect how posts operate could have an adverse effect on our financial performance. As posts consider new strategies for their operations in
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an era of declining mail volumes and increasing package volumes, if we are unable to work with posts to support those strategies, our financial performance could be adversely affected.

Business Operational Risks

We face intense competition in the industries in which we operate.
The markets for our products and services in each of our segments are highly competitive. In our Global Ecommerce segment, we face competition from full-service ecommerce business process outsourcers, online marketplaces, freight forwarders, posts, and major global delivery services companies, including those that can offer both domestic and cross-border solutions in a single package. If we cannot compete successfully in these markets with, among other things, speed of delivery, price, reliability, functionality and scalability of our platform and logistic services and ease of integration and use, we may lose clients, incur additional costs and suffer from reduced margins, and the financial results of the segment may be adversely affected. Our Presort Services segment faces competition from regional and local presort providers, cooperatives of multiple local presort providers, consolidators and service bureaus that offer presort solutions as part of a larger bundle of outsourcing services and large volume mailers that have sufficient volumes and the capability to presort their own mailings in-house and could use excess capacity to offer presort services to others. If we are not able to effectively compete on price, innovative service, delivery speed, tracking and reporting, we may lose clients and the financial results of the segment may be adversely affected. Our Sending Technology Solutions segment faces competition from other mail equipment and solutions providers, companies that offer products and services as alternative means of message communications and those that offer online shipping and mailing products and services solutions. Our digital delivery business competes with technology providers ranging from large, established companies and national posts to smaller companies offering negotiated carrier rates. In addition, our financing operations face competition, in varying degrees, from large, diversified financial institutions, including leasing companies, commercial finance companies and commercial banks, as well as small, specialized firms. If we are not able to differentiate ourselves from our competitors or effectively compete with them, the financial results of the segment may be adversely affected.

The evolution of our businesses to more digital and shipping-related services has resulted in a decline in our overall profit margins. If we cannot increase our volumes while at the same time reduce our costs, our overall profitability could be adversely affected.
As our businesses shift to more digital and shipping-related services, the relative revenue contribution from our shipping-related offerings now exceeds that of the revenue from our mailing-related offerings. We expect the revenue contribution from shipping-related services to continue to grow; however, profit margins on these services are lower than those for our mailing-related offerings. As a result, we need to achieve higher dollars of revenue to generate the same dollars of profit that we generate in our mailing businesses. Accordingly, if we cannot continue to grow package volumes and gain additional economies of scale, and in turn, improve margins and profitability, our short and long-term financial performance may be adversely affected.

Seasonality of the Global Ecommerce segment, unexpected declines in consumer demand or the performance of our retail customers, or unexpected spikes in the costs of labor or transportation, especially during the fourth quarter, could adversely affect our overall performance.
Our Global Ecommerce segment derives the majority of its revenue from retail clients. The retail industry is subject to cyclical trends in consumer sentiment and spending habits that are affected by many factors, including prevailing economic conditions, recession or fears of recession, inflation, exchange rates, unemployment levels, pandemics, or geopolitical events. Our retail clients are also dependent on third-party suppliers to provide them with either raw materials or finished goods to meet the demands of their clients. This segment also relies upon the availability of labor and transportation at a reasonable cost and unexpected increases in these costs due to higher demand or other macroeconomic factors (which have occurred in the past) could also impact the financial results of Global Ecommerce. Further, the financial results for Global Ecommerce are highly dependent on its performance in the fourth quarter, so if any of these risk factors come to pass in that quarter, the impact on the segment's performance could be more significant than other times in the year.

The loss of any of our largest clients in our Global Ecommerce segment could adversely affect the financial performance of that segment.
The Global Ecommerce segment receives a large portion of its revenue from a relatively small number of clients and business partners. If any of these larger clients or business partners leave our network or reduce their use of our services, which has occurred in the past, and we are unable to replace that lost volume, it could have a material adverse effect on the revenue and profitability of the segment.
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There can be no assurance that our larger clients and business partners will continue to utilize our products or services at current levels, or that we would be able to replace any of these clients or business partners with others who can generate revenue at current levels.

If we fail to effectively manage our third-party suppliers, or if their ability to perform were negatively impacted, our business, financial performance and reputation could be adversely affected.
Our SendTech Solutions segment relies on third-party suppliers for services and components for our mailing equipment, spare parts, supplies and services and for the hosting of our SaaS offerings. We also rely on third-party suppliers to help us equip our Presort and Ecommerce facilities and to provide us with services related to some of our operations and productivity initiatives. In certain instances, we rely on single-sourced or limited-sourced suppliers around the world because of advantages in quality, price or lack of alternative sources. Like many other companies, we and our suppliers have experienced interruptions and increased supply costs in the past, due to, among other things, volatility in the semiconductor industry, threats of strikes, rising inflation and geopolitical instability. Although our 2023 financial results were not significantly impacted, these factors, at times, caused us to experience longer wait times for supplies or increased costs. If these supply chain constraints were to worsen or, if other unknown events cause our suppliers to not be able to provide their services, components or equipment to us in a timely manner, or, if the quality of the goods or services received were to deteriorate, our relationship with certain suppliers were to be terminated, or if the costs of using these third parties were to continue to increase and we were not able to find alternate suppliers, we could lose clients, incur significant disruptions in manufacturing and operations and increased costs (including higher freight and re-engineering costs) and delay automation and productivity initiatives in our warehouses.

Fluctuations in transportation costs or disruptions to transportation services in our Global Ecommerce or Presort Services segments could adversely affect client satisfaction or our financial performance.
In addition to our reliance on the USPS, our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services segments rely upon third-party transportation service providers to transport a significant portion of our parcel and mail volumes. Some of these providers may also be competitors. The use of these providers is subject to risks, including our ability to negotiate acceptable terms, increased competition during peak periods, capacity issues, increased fuel costs, labor shortages, performance problems, extreme weather, natural or man-made disasters, pandemics, or other unforeseen difficulties. Given our continued reliance upon these providers, any disruption to the timely supply of these services, any future unforeseen disruptions affecting these providers, any dramatic increase in the cost of these services or any deterioration of the performance of these services (each of which we have experienced, at times), have adversely affected or could adversely affect client satisfaction and our financial performance.

Our business depends on our ability to attract, retain, and engage with, employees at a reasonable cost to meet the needs of our business and to consistently deliver highly differentiated, competitive offerings.
The rapid growth of the ecommerce industry has resulted in ongoing competition for employees in the shipping, transportation, and logistics industry, including drivers and warehouse employees. At times, both our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services segments have experienced increased demand and competition for labor, especially for our warehouses, driving up costs. We supplement our workforce with contingent hourly workers from staffing agencies on an as-needed basis; however, if we experience labor shortages, do not effectively manage our ability to attract and utilize contingent workers, or if our staffing agencies terminate their relationship with us and we cannot find alternative providers, it could result in increased costs and adversely affect our operations. Moreover, given the nature of our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services employee base, if we cannot continue to maintain good relationships, we could experience increased employee dissatisfaction and turnover, which could result in increased operating costs and reduced operational flexibility.
In May 2023, we approved a worldwide restructuring plan (the 2023 Plan), which involved the elimination of 850-950 positions worldwide. Such actions may cause us to experience a loss of continuity, loss of accumulated knowledge and/or inefficiency, loss of key employees and/or other retention issues during transitional periods. Such actions may also make hiring qualified employees more difficult.
There is also significant competition for the talent needed for research and development of new products and services and talent needed to sell and service our other products and services within all our business units. Increased competition for employees has resulted in higher costs for wages and other benefits necessary to attract and retain employees with the right skill sets. Additional labor costs which may also impact our business include those triggered by federal, state and local laws and regulatory actions; increased health care and workers’ compensation insurance expenses; and costs associated with the health and safety of our employees.



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Difficulty in obtaining and protecting our intellectual property, and the risk of infringement claims by others may negatively impact our financial performance.
Our businesses are not materially dependent on any one patent or license or group of related patents and licenses; however, our business success depends in part upon protecting our intellectual property rights, including proprietary technology developed or obtained through acquisitions. We rely on copyrights, patents, trademarks, trade secrets and other intellectual property laws to establish and protect our proprietary rights. If we are unable to protect our intellectual property rights, our competitive position may suffer, which could adversely affect our revenue and profitability. The continued evolution of patent law and the nature of our innovation work may affect the number of patents we are able to receive for our development efforts. As we continue to transition our business to more software and service-based offerings, patent protection of these innovations will be more difficult to obtain. In addition, from time to time, third parties may claim that we, our clients, or our suppliers, have infringed their intellectual property rights. These claims, if successful, may require us to redesign affected products, enter into costly settlement or license agreements, pay damage awards, or face a temporary or permanent injunction prohibiting us from marketing or selling certain products.

If we fail to comply with government contracting regulations, our financial performance, brand name and reputation could suffer.
We have a significant number of contracts with governmental entities. Government contracts are subject to extensive and complex procurement laws and regulations, along with regular audits and investigations by government agencies. If one or more government agency discovers contractual noncompliance by us or one of our subcontractors, we may be subject to various civil or criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, which could include the termination of the contract, reimbursement of payments received, fines and debarment from doing business with other government agencies. Any of these events could not only affect our financial performance, but also adversely affect our brand and reputation.

We may not fully realize the anticipated benefits of strategic acquisitions and divestitures which may harm our financial performance.
Strategic acquisitions and business divestitures involve significant risks and uncertainties, which could have an adverse effect on our financial performance, including:
difficulties in achieving anticipated benefits or synergies;
difficulties in integrating newly acquired businesses and operations, including combining product and service offerings and integrating financial reporting and other IT systems;
the loss of key employees or clients of businesses acquired or divested;
significant charges for employee severance and other restructuring costs, legal, accounting and financial advisory fees and goodwill and asset impairment charges; and
reducing fixed costs previously associated with divested businesses

Our capital investments to develop new products and offerings may not yield the anticipated benefits.
We made and are continuing to make significant capital investments in new products and services. If we are not successful in these new product or service introductions, or if our past investments in facilities do not yield the expected productivity improvements, at the levels anticipated when making the investments, there may be an adverse effect on our financial performance.

Cybersecurity and Technology Risks

Our financial performance and our reputation could be adversely affected, and we could be subject to legal liability or regulatory enforcement actions, if we or our suppliers are unable to protect against, or effectively respond to, cyberattacks or other cyber incidents.
We depend on the security of our and our suppliers' information technology systems to support numerous business processes and activities, to service our clients, and to enable consumer transactions and postal services. There are numerous cybersecurity risks to these systems, including individual and group criminal hackers, industrial espionage, denial of service attacks, ransomware and malware attacks, attacks on the software supply chain, and employee errors and/or malfeasance. These cyber threats are constantly evolving, especially given the advances in, and the rise of the use of, artificial intelligence, thereby increasing the difficulty of preventing, detecting, and successfully defending against them. Successful breaches could, among other things, disrupt our operations or result in the unauthorized disclosure, theft and misuse of company, client, consumer and employee sensitive and confidential information, all of which could adversely affect our financial performance. Cybersecurity breaches could result in financial liability to other parties, governmental investigations, regulatory enforcement actions and penalties, and damage to our brand and reputation. Although we maintain insurance coverage relating to cybersecurity incidents, we may incur costs or financial losses that are either not insured against or not fully covered through our insurance. Despite the fact that we continually implement and update measures to enhance our cybersecurity protections and minimize the impact of any potential attack, none of these measures are fool proof and like all companies, intrusions will occur, and have occurred in the past (e.g. the previously disclosed ransomware attacks we experienced
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in 2019 and 2020). Our goal is to prevent meaningful incursions and minimize the overall impact of those that occur. For more information on how the Company handles cybersecurity, see Item 1C. Cybersecurity.
Failure to comply with data privacy and protection laws and regulations could subject us to legal liability and adversely affect our reputation and our financial performance.
Our businesses use, process, and store proprietary information and personal, sensitive, or confidential data relating to our business, clients, and employees. Privacy laws and similar regulations in many jurisdictions where we do business require that we take significant steps to safeguard that information, and these laws and regulations continue to evolve. The scope of the laws that may be applicable to us is often uncertain and may be conflicting. In addition, new laws may add a broad array of requirements on how we handle or use information and increase our compliance obligations. For example, the European Union greatly increased the jurisdictional reach of European Law by enacting the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which, among other things, enhanced an individual’s rights with respect to their information. However, ongoing litigation in the European Union on how to comply with GDPR requirements continues to create uncertainty in how to demonstrate compliance, and the outcome of these cases could impact how companies do business in the European Union. In the United States, a growing number of states have enacted different laws regarding personal information and privacy that impose significant new requirements on consumer personal information. In some instances (e.g., California), these laws also expand the definition of consumer personal information to include information related to employees and business contacts. Some of these state laws have established independent agencies with rule making and enforcement authority, whose initial guidance, actions, and regulations remain to be determined and tested, adding additional layers of uncertainty with respect to compliance. Other countries or states have enacted and will continue to enact and amend laws or regulations in the future that have similar or additional requirements. Although we continually monitor and assess the impact of these laws and regulations, and continually update our systems to protect our data and comply with these laws, their interpretation and enforcement are uncertain, subject to change, and may require substantial costs to monitor and implement. Failure to comply with data privacy and protection laws and regulations could also result in government enforcement actions (which could include substantial civil and/or criminal penalties) and private litigation, which could adversely affect our reputation and financial performance.

If we or our suppliers encounter unforeseen interruptions or difficulties in the operation of our cloud-based applications, our business could be disrupted, our reputation and relationships may be harmed, and our financial performance could be adversely affected.
Our business relies upon the continuous and uninterrupted performance of our and our suppliers' cloud-based applications and systems to support numerous business processes, to service our clients and to support their transactions with their customers and postal services. Our applications and systems, and those of our partners, may be subject to interruptions due to technological errors, system capacity constraints, software errors or defects, human errors, computer or communications failures, power loss, adverse acts of nature and other unexpected events. We have business continuity and disaster recovery plans in place to protect our business operations in case of such events and we also require our suppliers to have the same. Nonetheless, there can be no guarantee that these plans will function as designed. If we are unable to limit interruptions or successfully correct them in a timely manner or at all, it could result in lost revenue, loss of critical data, significant expenditures of capital, a delay or loss in market acceptance of our services and damage to our reputation, brand and relationships, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business and our financial performance.

Macroeconomic and General Regulatory Risks

Periods of difficult economic conditions, other macroeconomic events, or a public health crisis could adversely affect our business.
Our operations and financial performance are impacted by the economic conditions in the United States and the other countries where we and our clients do business. Any significant or perceived weakening of these economies, reduction in business confidence or change in business or consumer spending habits, concerns of a domestic or global recession, rising inflation or interest rates, limited availability of credit, or other macroeconomic events (including public health crises), not within our control, may reduce our client’s demand for shipping and mailing products and services (especially in our Global Ecommerce business, which is subject to cyclical trends in consumer sentiment and spending habits) and thus, negatively affect our financial performance. These economic conditions, at times, have arisen and can arise suddenly, and the duration and full impact of such conditions can be difficult to predict, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Future credit rating downgrades, capital market disruptions, significant decline in cash flows, noncompliance with any of our debt covenants, or significant withdrawals by depositors at the Bank, could adversely affect our ability to maintain adequate liquidity, provide competitive financing services and to fund various discretionary priorities.
We provide competitive finance offerings and fund discretionary priorities, such as business investments, strategic acquisitions, dividend payments and share repurchases through a combination of cash generated from operations, deposits held at the Bank and access to capital markets. Our ability to access U.S. capital markets and the associated cost of borrowing is dependent upon our credit ratings and is subject to capital market volatility. Given our current credit rating, we may experience reduced financial or strategic
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flexibility and higher costs when we do access the U.S. capital markets. We maintain a $500 million revolving credit facility that requires we maintain certain financial and nonfinancial covenants.
A significant decline in cash flows, noncompliance with any of the covenants under the revolving credit facility, further credit rating downgrades, material capital market disruptions, significant withdrawals by depositors at the Bank, adverse changes to our industrial loan charter or an increase in our credit default swap spread could impact our ability to maintain adequate liquidity, which could impact our ability to provide competitive finance offerings, repay or refinance maturing debt, and fund other strategic or discretionary activities, which could adversely affect our operational and financial performance.

Changes in tax rates, laws or regulations could adversely impact our financial results.
We are subject to taxes in the U.S. and in the foreign jurisdictions where we do business. Due to continuing global fiscal challenges and political conditions, tax laws and enforcement approaches have been and may continue to be subject to significant change. Changes in tax laws may be on a prospective or retroactive basis and could have a material impact of our tax expense and cash flows. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have set forth a Two-Pillar Solution fundamentally overhauling the international tax rules. Pillar One focuses on reallocation of profits while Pillar Two applies a global minimum corporate tax. The OECD has set forth Model Rules and an ambitious timeline to ensure the effective implementation of the Two-Pillar Solution. Although some jurisdictions have issued guidance or passed tax laws based on the OECD Model Rules, the final nature, timing and extent of any such tax reforms or other legislative or regulatory actions is unpredictable, and it is difficult to assess their overall effect. However, these changes could result in double tax, increase our effective tax rate and adversely impact our financial results and cash flows.
We are subject to tax audits in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Given the complexity of the current and changing tax laws and regulations, tax authorities may disagree with certain positions we have taken and assess additional taxes. We regularly review the strength of our positions based on current law, court cases, rulings and proposed legislative changes to determine the appropriateness of our tax provision, however, there can be no assurance that we will accurately predict the outcomes of these audits, which could have a material impact on our effective tax rate and adversely impact our financial results and cash flows.

Our Global Ecommerce segment is exposed to increased foreign exchange rate fluctuations.
The sales generated from many of our clients who use our cross-border services are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Currently, merchants using our cross-border services are located primarily in the U.S. and the U.K. and a majority of consumers making purchases through these platforms are in a limited number of foreign countries. The current strength of the U.S. Dollar relative to currencies in the countries where we do the most business continues to impact our client’s ability to compete internationally as the cost of similar international products improved relative to the cost of U.S. retailer’s products. This in turn, adversely affected Global Ecommerce’s revenue and profitability during the past two years. If the strength of the U.S. dollar continues, or if the British Pound were to strengthen relative to other currencies, our retailers may continue to experience a decrease in international sales volumes, which, in turn would adversely affect this segment’s revenue and profitability.

Our operations and financial performance may be negatively affected by changes in trade policies, tariffs and regulations.
Our Global Ecommerce segment is subject to significant trade regulations, taxes, and duties throughout the world. Any changes to these regulations could potentially impose increased documentation and delivery requirements, delay delivery times and subject us to increased costs and additional liabilities, which could adversely affect our financial performance. Within the last four years, the United States increased tariffs for certain goods, which triggered other nations to also increase tariffs on certain of their goods. For our Global Ecommerce segment, tariff increases, or even an environment of uncertainty surrounding trade issues, could reduce demand and adversely affect its financial performance. For our SendTech Solutions segment, increased tariffs resulted in additional costs on certain components used in some of our products.

If we do not keep pace with evolving expectations and regulations in the areas of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) and address the potential impact of climate change on our costs and operations, our reputation and results of operations may be adversely affected.
The set of topics incorporated within the term ESG in general, and climate change in particular, cover a range of issues that pose potential risks to our operations. From an environmental perspective, the impact of climate change and a potential increase in extreme weather events may pose risk to the operation of our sortation facilities and the ability to transport mail and packages. The increased focus on alternative energy sources and the need to reduce our carbon footprint over time, could result in higher investments in capital spending and increased operational costs. There are also a series of laws related to product stewardship and waste disposal to which we need to comply. From a “social” perspective, a failure to meet employee expectations around safety and diversity, equity and inclusion could impact our ability to recruit new employees and retain talent. Finally, from a “governance” perspective, if we do not
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maintain good governance processes in general or do not satisfy investor stakeholder expectations on ESG, our reputation and attractiveness to portions of the investment community could be adversely affected.

Shareholder Activism Risks

Our business could be negatively affected as a result of shareholder activism.
We value constructive input from investors and regularly engage with our stockholders regarding strategy and performance. Although our Board of Directors and management team are committed to acting in the best interests of all our stockholders, there is no assurance that the results of actions taken by our Board of Directors and management team will be successful.
In 2023, Hestia Capital Partners, LP (collectively with its affiliates, “Hestia”) ran a proxy contest seeking the election of five of its nominees to our Board of Directors at the 2023 annual meeting of stockholders (the “2023 Annual Meeting”). At the 2023 Annual Meeting held on May 9, 2023, our stockholders voted to elect four directors nominated by Hestia to serve on our Board of Directors. Any qualifying stockholder may conduct a proxy contest in the future. Responding to proxy contests, including related litigation, can be costly, time-consuming, disrupt our operations and divert the attention of management, Board of Directors and employees. All of this could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition, as well as the market performance of our securities.
Additionally, perceived uncertainties as to our future direction or changes to the composition of our Board of Directors as a result of activist stockholders, may lead to the perception of an adverse change in the direction of our business, instability or lack of management or oversight continuity. These uncertainties may be more acute or heightened if an activist stockholder seeks to change a majority of our Board of Directors. Actions by activist stockholders may be exploited by our competitors and/or other activist stockholders, cause concern to customers, employees, investors, rating agencies, strategic partners and other constituencies, which could result in lost sales and business opportunities, make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel and business partners and adversely impact our ability to access capital markets at reasonable costs. Further, actions of activist stockholders may cause significant fluctuations in our stock price based on temporary or speculative market perceptions or other factors that do not necessarily reflect the underlying fundamentals and prospects of our business.


ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.

ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY
A comprehensive cybersecurity program is critical to achieving our business goals. Like all companies in today’s world, we face a multitude of cybersecurity threats that range from ransomware and denial-of-service, to attacks from more advanced nation state actors, and even insider threats. Likewise, our customers, suppliers, subcontractors and partners face similar cybersecurity threats, and a cybersecurity incident impacting us or any of these entities could materially adversely affect our business operations and financial performance. These cybersecurity threats and related risks make it imperative that we expend considerable resources to safeguard our organization’s assets and to prevent service disruptions or minimize the impact should an incident occur.
The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors oversees the technology functions, including management’s processes for identifying and mitigating risks, including cybersecurity risks, to help align our risk exposure with our strategic objectives. Senior technology leadership, including our Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), briefs the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors on our cybersecurity and information security posture semi-annually and on an as needed basis and the full Board of Directors is apprised on an annual basis. In the event of an incident, we strive to follow our detailed incident response playbook, which outlines the steps to be taken from incident detection to mitigation, recovery and notification, including notifying functional areas (e.g. legal), customers, as well as senior leadership and the Board, in each case, as appropriate.
Our information security organization is led by the CISO, who is responsible for our overall information security strategy, policy, security engineering, operations and cyber threat detection and response. The Vice President of Product Security (VP of Product Security) provides additional expertise and focus attempting to ensure the integrity and resiliency of the products and services we provide to our customers. Combined, the CISO and VP of Product Security possess over 50 years of deep information technology, cyber security, program management, and risk experience. The information security organization manages and continually enhances a robust enterprise security structure with the goal of preventing cybersecurity incidents to the extent feasible, while simultaneously increasing our system resilience in an effort to minimize the business impact should an incident occur. Our cybersecurity program attempts to follow the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework principles. We have adopted a risk-based management process used to define, manage, and prioritize controls required to maintain the integrity and availability of our digital assets. Employees outside of our corporate information security organization also have a role in our cybersecurity defenses
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and they are immersed in a corporate culture and periodic training, supportive of security, which we believe improves our overall cybersecurity posture.
We have also extended our cybersecurity governance to our operational business executives. Mission critical information assets, those that would cause significant business, customer, or employee impact, are periodically presented by technical leadership to the appropriate senior management executive. This is a formal assessment which describes the underlying cyber posture, mitigation plan, and commitments. In addition, the Company’s Privacy and Cybersecurity Steering committee, which is co-led by the CISO and the VP of Product Security and comprised of leaders from the Company’s information technology, innovation, legal and internal audit organizations, meets periodically to ensure the overall Cybersecurity Program is progressing against its goals and new risks are operationally prioritized.
We rely heavily on third parties to support our products, business operations and technology services, and a cybersecurity incident at a supplier, subcontractor or partner could materially adversely impact us. Where possible, we endeavor to include information security provisions, audit rights and insurance requirements, in contracts with our suppliers and third-parties based on their level of access to our systems and data. For our most critical suppliers, where possible, we attempt to pursue an annual attestation of ongoing compliance to our standard policies and practices. For select suppliers, we engage third-party cybersecurity monitoring and alerting services, and seek to work directly with those suppliers to address potential deficiencies identified.
Given the constantly evolving cyber-threat landscape, as well as the previously disclosed ransomware attacks we experienced in 2019 and 2020, we continuously test and evolve our cybersecurity program. We engage internal security team experts who perform ‘ethical hacks’ against our information assets to uncover risks. As part of its risk based annual audit plan, our internal audit team reviews a number of components of our information technology operations, which taken together, comprise our cybersecurity defenses. A report of its findings is distributed to certain members of management and completion of the auditor's comments is tracked and reported up to the Audit Committee of the Board. We also engage third-party service providers to conduct evaluations of our security controls, whether through penetration testing, independent audits or consulting on best practices to address new challenges. These evaluations include testing both the design and operational effectiveness of security controls.
Assessing, identifying, and managing cybersecurity related risks are integrated into our overall enterprise risk management (ERM) process. Cybersecurity related risks are included in the risk universe that our ERM process evaluates to assess top risks to the enterprise on an annual basis. To the extent the ERM process identifies a heightened cybersecurity related risk, risk owners are assigned to develop risk mitigation plans, which are then tracked to completion. The ERM process annual risk assessment is presented to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.
Notwithstanding the cybersecurity protections we have in place, we may not be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident that could have a material adverse effect on us. See Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for a discussion of cybersecurity risks.


ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
We lease numerous facilities worldwide, including administrative offices, fulfillment centers, parcel operations and mail sortation facilities, service locations, data centers and call centers. Our corporate headquarters is located in Stamford, Connecticut.
Our Global Ecommerce segment leases three fulfillment centers that comprise the majority of our fulfillment operations. Our Global Ecommerce and Presort Services segments conduct parcel operations and mail sortation operations through a network of approximately 45 operating centers throughout the United States. Our SendTech Solutions segment leases a manufacturing and distribution facility in Indianapolis. This facility is significant as it stores a majority of the SendTech Solutions products, supplies and inventories.
Should any facility be unable to function as intended for an extended period of time, our ability to service our clients and operating results could be impacted.
We conduct our research and development activities in facilities located in Noida and Pune, India, Bielsko-Biala, Poland, Austin, Texas and Shelton, Connecticut. Management believes that our facilities are in good operating condition, materially utilized and adequate for our current business needs.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
See Note 15 Commitments and Contingencies to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR THE COMPANY'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock is principally traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol "PBI". At January 31, 2024, we had 11,860 common stockholders of record.

Dividends and Share Repurchases
We have historically paid a quarterly dividend to our shareholders. Each quarter, our Board of Directors considers our recent and projected earnings and other capital needs and priorities in deciding whether to approve a dividend. We expect to continue to pay a quarterly dividend of $0.05 per share; however, our Board of Directors may decide to increase or decrease this amount or to not approve the payment of a dividend at any time. We may repurchase shares of our common stock to manage the dilution created by shares issued under employee stock plans and for other purposes. We did not repurchase any additional shares of our common stock in 2023.
Stock Performance Graph
The accompanying graph shows the annual change in the value of a $100 investment in Pitney Bowes Inc., the Standard and Poor's (S&P) SmallCap 600 Composite Index and a peer group over a five-year period assuming the reinvestment of dividends. Our peer group consists of publicly traded companies similar in size and/or complexity that best align with our current businesses. The composition of our peer group is the result of the Compensation Committee's independent compensation consultant's recommendations. As such, the composition of our peer group could change year-over year.
Our 2023 peer group was updated from 2022 to include one additional company. The inclusion of this company did not impact the total shareholder return of our peer group.
Our peer group for 2023 is comprised of: ACCO Brands Corporation, Avery Dennison Corporation, Cimpress plc, Bread Financial Holdings, Inc., Deluxe Corporation, Diebold Nixdorf, Incorporated, Etsy, Inc., Fidelity National Information Services, Inc., Fiserv, Inc., GXO Logistics, Inc., Hub Group, Inc., NCR Corporation, Overstock.com, Inc., Rockwell Automation, Inc., Ryder System, Inc., Schneider National, Inc., The Western Union Company, W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Xerox Holdings Corporation.
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On a total return basis, a $100 investment on December 31, 2018, in Pitney Bowes Inc., the S&P SmallCap 600 Composite Index, and our peer group would have been worth $93, $169 and $144 respectively, on December 31, 2023.
All information is based upon data independently provided to us by Standard & Poor's Corporation and is derived from their official total return calculation. Total return for the S&P SmallCap 600 Composite Index and our peer group is based on market capitalization, weighted for each year. The stock price performance is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

ITEM 6. [RESERVED]
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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion of our financial condition and operating results should be read in conjunction with our risk factors, consolidated financial statements and related notes. This discussion includes forward-looking statements based on management's current expectations, estimates and projections and involves risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ significantly from those currently expressed. A detailed discussion of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements is outlined under "Forward-Looking Statements" and "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in this Form 10-K. All table amounts are presented in thousands of dollars.
A discussion of our financial condition and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021, can be found under Item 7 “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on February 17, 2023.

OUTLOOK
We expect consolidated revenue to be flat to a low single-digit decline and EBIT margins to be relatively flat in 2024 compared to 2023. Within SendTech Solutions, we expect revenue and EBIT declines due in part to lower equipment sales as initial lease terms of prior equipment sales expire and customers are expected to renew these leases for a fixed term rather than purchase new equipment. We also expect revenue to decline due to lower meter populations due to the migration to cloud-based solutions. These declines will be partially offset by higher shipping revenues.
Within Presort Services, we anticipate total volumes to be relatively flat in 2024 compared to 2023, but revenue to benefit slightly from increased workshare discounts. We expect margin and profit to remain relatively flat to slightly higher compared to the prior year.
Within Global Ecommerce, we expect revenue growth in domestic parcel services driven by increased volumes, partially offset by lower revenue from cross-border services. We anticipate margin and profit improvements compared to 2023.
We continue to make progress on our worldwide restructuring program and expect to realize annualized cost savings of $75-$85 million by the end of 2024, a portion of which was realized in 2023. However, we also expect higher interest costs and the restoration of variable compensation costs in 2024 to significantly offset these savings.
See our Forward-Looking Statements under Part I on page 3 and Risk Factors under Item 1A for certain factors, some beyond our control, which could adversely impact our 2024 results.


OVERVIEW OF CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Factors Affecting Comparability
Certain transactions and changes occurred in 2022 that impact the comparability to our 2023 financial results. These transactions and changes include:

the sale of our Borderfree cross-border ecommerce solutions business (Borderfree) in July 2022. Accordingly, reported revenue and costs for the twelve months ended December 31, 2022 include six months of revenue and costs for Borderfree. Net income of Borderfree for these periods was not significant.
a change in the presentation of revenue for digital delivery services effective October 1, 2022, from a gross basis to a net basis. Accordingly, in 2023, revenue and costs of revenue for certain digital delivery services are reported on a net basis as business services revenue; whereas in 2022, revenue and cost of revenue for these services through September 30 were reported as business services revenue and cost of business services, respectively. The change primarily impacts our Global Ecommerce segment.

Constant Currency
In the tables below, we report the change in revenue on a reported basis and a constant currency basis. Constant currency measures exclude the impact of changes in currency exchange rates from the prior period under comparison. We believe that excluding the impacts of currency exchange rates provides investors with a better understanding of the underlying revenue performance. Constant
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currency change is calculated by converting the current period non-U.S. dollar denominated revenue using the prior year’s exchange rate.

Financial Results Summary:

Years Ended December 31,
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
20232022Actual % ChangeConstant Currency % change
Total revenue$3,266,348 $3,538,042 (8)%(8)%
Total costs and expenses3,672,850 3,498,162 (5)%
(Loss) income before taxes(406,502)39,880 >(100%)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(20,875)2,940 >100%
Net (loss) income$(385,627)$36,940 >(100%)

Revenue decreased $272 million in 2023 compared to the prior year primarily due to a decrease in business services revenue of $205 million (see Factors Affecting Comparability above), lower equipment sales of $31 million and lower support services revenue of $27 million.

Total costs and expenses increased $175 million compared to the prior year primarily due to:

Costs of revenue (excluding financing interest expense) decreased $225 million primarily due to lower cost of business services of $178 million (see Factors Affecting Comparability above) and lower cost of equipment sales of $30 million.

SG&A expense declined $8 million compared to the prior year. This decrease was primarily driven by lower professional fees of $10 million, salaries of $8 million, credit cards fees of $8 million, amortization expense of $8 million and stock based compensation expense of $7 million, partially offset by proxy solicitation fees of $11 million, higher variable compensation expense of $9 million, higher credit loss provision of $8 million and non-cash foreign currency revaluation losses on intercompany loans of $6 million.

Restructuring charges increased $43 million compared to the prior year driven by actions taken under the 2023 Plan.

Aggregate non-cash goodwill impairment charges totaling $339 million associated with our Global Ecommerce reporting unit. See Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

Interest expense, net, including financing interest expense, increased $22 million in 2023 compared to the prior year primarily due to higher interest rates. We allocate a portion of gross interest expense to financing interest expense based on our effective interest rate and average finance receivables for the period.

Other (income) expense declined $19 million compared to the prior year primarily driven by prior year gains of $27 million from the sale of assets and businesses, partially offset by a favorable year-over-year impact of $8 million associated with the redemption of debt.

The effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2023 was 5.1%, primarily due to the nondeductibility of the aggregate goodwill impairment charge. See Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

Net loss for 2023 was $386 million compared to net income of $37 million in the prior year.





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SEGMENT RESULTS
Management measures segment profitability and performance by deducting from segment revenue the related costs and expenses attributable to the segment. Segment results exclude interest, taxes, unallocated corporate expenses, restructuring charges, and other items not allocated to a business segment.
Global Ecommerce
Global Ecommerce includes the revenue and related expenses from business to consumer logistics services for domestic and cross-border delivery, returns and fulfillment. Our domestic parcel services provide retailers domestic parcel delivery and returns services for its end consumers through our nationwide parcel sortation centers and transportation network. Our cross-border services offers our clients a range of services to manage their international shopping and parcel shipping experience. Using our digital delivery services, clients can purchase postage, print shipping labels and access shipping and tracking services from multiple carriers. Delivery and return parcels using our digital delivery services are not physically processed through our network.
Financial performance for the Global Ecommerce segment was as follows:
Years Ended December 31,
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
20232022Actual % ChangeConstant Currency % change
Business Services Revenue$1,355,326 $1,576,348 (14)%(14)%
Cost of Business Services1,293,285 1,440,807 10 %
Gross Margin62,041 135,541 (54)%
Gross Margin %4.6 %8.6 %
Selling, general and administrative 184,923 225,514 18 %
Research and development10,851 10,335 (5)%
Adjusted segment EBIT$(133,733)$(100,308)(33)%
Global Ecommerce revenue decreased $221 million in 2023 compared to the prior year. The change in revenue presentation for digital delivery services and the sale of Borderfree accounted for $139 million of the decrease. Cross-border revenue declined $190 million due to lower volumes, primarily driven by changes in how two of our largest clients access our services, digital delivery services revenue declined $26 million due to a decrease in the number of shipping labels printed and fulfillment services revenue declined $23 million due to lower volumes. These declines were partially offset by domestic parcel delivery revenue growth of $158 million, driven by an increase in domestic parcel volumes.
Gross margin decreased $74 million and gross margin percentage decreased to 4.6% from 8.6% compared to the prior year. Cross-border services gross margin declined $52 million, primarily due to the decline in volumes. Digital delivery services gross margin declined $9 million primarily due to the decline in the number of shipping labels printed. The sale of Borderfree contributed a decline in gross margin of $8 million. Domestic parcel delivery services gross margin increased $3 million compared to the prior year primarily due to higher domestic parcel volumes, which was partially offset by $4 million of one-time costs in the third quarter related to facility consolidation.
SG&A expenses declined $41 million compared to the prior year period, primarily due to lower employee-related expenses of $16 million, lower amortization expense of $9 million and lower credit card fees of $8 million.
Adjusted segment EBIT was a loss of $134 million in 2023 compared to a loss of $100 million in the prior year.







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Presort Services
We are the largest workshare partner of the USPS and national outsource provider of mail sortation services that allow clients to qualify large volumes of First Class Mail, Marketing Mail, and Marketing Mail Flats and Bound Printed Matter for postal worksharing discounts.
Financial performance for the Presort Services segment was as follows:
Years Ended December 31,
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
20232022Actual % ChangeConstant Currency % change
Business Services Revenue$617,599 $602,016 %%
Cost of Business Services432,229 454,923 %
Gross Margin185,370 147,093 26 %
Gross Margin %30.0 %24.4 %
Selling, general and administrative 74,230 64,517 (15)%
Other components of net pension and postretirement costs228 146 (56)%
Adjusted segment EBIT$110,912 $82,430 35 %
Revenue increased $16 million in 2023 compared to the prior year as pricing actions to mitigate inflationary pressures on costs offset the revenue decline driven by a 6% decrease in total mail volumes. The processing of Marketing Mail Flats and Bound Printed Matter and First Class Mail contributed revenue increases of $18 million and $5 million, respectively, while the processing of Marketing Mail contributed to a revenue decrease of $7 million.
Gross margin increased $38 million and gross margin percentage increased from 24.4% to 30.0% compared to the prior year primarily due to the increase in revenue, lower transportation costs of $15 million, driven by improvements in network management, and the benefits from investments made in automation and higher-throughput sortation equipment.
SG&A expenses increased $10 million primarily due to higher employee-related expenses.
Adjusted segment EBIT was $111 million in 2023 compared to $82 million in the prior year.
















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SendTech Solutions
SendTech Solutions provides clients with physical and digital mailing and shipping technology solutions and other applications to help simplify and save on the sending, tracking and receiving of letters, parcels and flats, as well as supplies and maintenance services for these offerings. We offer financing alternatives that enable clients to finance equipment and product purchases, a revolving credit solution that enables clients to make meter rental payments and purchase postage, services and supplies, and an interest-bearing deposit solution to clients who prefer to prepay postage. We also offer financing alternatives that enable clients to finance or lease other manufacturers’ equipment and provide working capital.
Financial performance for the SendTech Solutions segment was as follows:
Years Ended December 31,
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
20232022Actual % changeConstant Currency % change
Business services$72,144 $71,578 %%
Support services410,734 438,191 (6)%(6)%
Financing271,197 274,508 (1)%(1)%
Equipment sales323,739 354,960 (9)%(8)%
Supplies147,709 154,186 (4)%(4)%
Rentals67,900 66,256 %%
Total revenue1,293,423 1,359,679 (5)%(5)%
Cost of business services29,860 37,272 20 %
Cost of support services136,821 147,653 %
Cost of equipment sales222,220 251,916 12 %
Cost of supplies43,140 43,537 %
Cost of rentals19,407 24,864 22 %
Total costs of revenue451,448 505,242 11 %
Gross margin841,975 854,437 (1)%
Gross margin %65.1 %62.8 %
Selling, general and administrative418,213 431,213 %
Research and development20,660 22,646 %
Other components of pension and post retirement costs(2,245)(331)>(100%)
Adjusted Segment EBIT$405,347 $400,909 %
SendTech Solutions revenue decreased $66 million in 2023 compared to the prior year. Equipment sales declined $31 million primarily due to customers opting to extend leases of their existing advanced-technology equipment rather than purchase new equipment. Support services revenue declined $27 million primarily due to the declining meter population and continuing shift to cloud-enabled products. Supplies revenue declined $6 million primarily driven by a declining meter population. Financing revenue declined $3 million primarily due to $6 million of lower lease extensions and lower late fees of $1 million, partially offset by higher investment income of $7 million. Business services revenue increased $14 million primarily driven by growth in enterprise shipping subscriptions, which was partially offset by a $13 million reduction in revenue due to the change in revenue presentation for digital delivery services.
Gross margin decreased $12 million primarily due to the decline in revenue. However, gross margin percentage increased to 65.1% from 62.8% compared to the prior year driven by improvements in business services gross margin due to growth in enterprise shipping subscriptions, rentals gross margin due in part to a $2 million prior year unfavorable scrap adjustment and a current year favorable adjustment and equipment sales gross margin due to cost management.
SG&A expenses declined $13 million primarily driven by lower outsourcing and professional fees of $5 million, lower rent expense of $3 million and lower marketing expenses of $1 million.
Adjusted segment EBIT was $405 million in 2023 compared to $401 million for the prior year.
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UNALLOCATED CORPORATE EXPENSES
The majority of operating expenses are recorded directly or allocated to our reportable segments. Operating expenses not recorded directly or allocated to our reportable segments are reported as unallocated corporate expenses. Unallocated corporate expenses primarily represents corporate administrative functions such as finance, marketing, human resources, legal, information technology, and research and development.
Years Ended December 31,
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
20232022Actual % change
Unallocated corporate expenses$210,931 $204,251 (3)%

Unallocated corporate expenses for 2023 increased $7 million compared to the prior year primarily due to higher variable compensation expense of $4 million and higher depreciation expense of $2 million.










































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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
At December 31, 2023 we had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $623 million, which includes $136 million held at our foreign subsidiaries used to support the liquidity needs of those subsidiaries. Our ability to maintain adequate liquidity for our operations is dependent upon a number of factors, including revenue and earnings, our ability to manage costs and improve productivity, our clients' ability to pay their balances on a timely basis and the impacts of changing macroeconomic and geopolitical conditions. We believe that existing cash and investments, cash generated from operations and borrowing capacity under our $500 million revolving credit facility will be sufficient to fund our cash needs for the next 12 months.
Cash Flow Summary
The change in cash and cash equivalents is as follows:
20232022Increase/(decrease)
Net cash from operating activities$79,468 $175,983 $(96,515)
Net cash from investing activities(122,832)(24,269)(98,563)
Net cash from financing activities(31,266)(198,083)166,817 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents5,702 (16,130)21,832 
Change in cash and cash equivalents$(68,928)$(62,499)$(6,429)

Operating activities
Cash flows from operating activities in 2023 declined $97 million compared to the prior year. This decline was driven by lower earnings, higher interest payments of $30 million, higher restructuring payments of $19 million and higher pension contributions of $7 million, partially offset by higher collections of accounts receivables and finance receivables of $33 million, lower inventory purchases of $19 million and changes in other working capital items.
Investing activities
Cash flows from investing activities for 2023 declined $99 million compared to the prior year primarily due to prior year proceeds of $162 million from the sale of businesses and our Shelton, Connecticut office building, partially offset by lower payments of $28 million to settle foreign exchange derivative contracts, lower capital expenditures of $22 million and lower net investment activity of $10 million.
Financing activities
Cash flows from financing activities for 2023 improved $167 million compared to the prior year primarily due to lower net cash outflows from debt activity of $68 million, an increase in customer account deposits at the Bank of $90 million and $13 million of common stock repurchases in the prior year.

Debt Activity
During 2023, we issued an aggregate $275 million of senior secured notes. The notes mature in March 2028 and bear interest at the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) plus 6.9%, payable quarterly. The net proceeds (net of original issue discount of 3%) were used to redeem the March 2024 notes and repay $30 million of the term loan due March 2026. Also, during 2023, we purchased an aggregate $39 million of the March 2024 notes and March 2027 notes, recognizing a gain of $3 million, and made scheduled principal repayments of $42 million on our term loans.
The credit agreement that governs our $500 million secured revolving credit facility and the term loan due March 2026 contains certain financial covenants. These covenants require us to maintain, on a quarterly basis, a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio, both of which are defined and calculated in accordance with the credit agreement. The maximum leverage ratio decreases from 4.25x to 4.0x as of June 30, 2024 and the minimum interest coverage ratio increases from 1.75x to 2.0x as of March 31, 2025. At December 31, 2023, we were in compliance with these financial covenants. Additionally, management expects that we will remain in compliance with these financial covenants over the next twelve months. However, events and circumstances could occur, some beyond our control, that could adversely impact our compliance with these covenants and require us to seek to obtain a waiver from our lenders, modify our existing covenants or refinance certain debt to cure the noncompliance. If we are unable to cure the noncompliance, amounts due under our revolving credit facility and term loan due March 2026 could be called by our lenders. At December 31, 2023, there were no outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility. Borrowings under our secured debt are secured by assets of the company.
23


The PB Bank (the Bank), a wholly owned subsidiary, is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) of Des Moines and has access to certain credit products as a funding source known as "advances." As of December 31, 2023, the Bank had yet to apply for any advances.

Future Cash Requirements
The following table summarizes our known and contractually committed cash requirements at December 31, 2023 (in millions):
Payments due in
Total
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
Thereafter
Debt maturities$2,189 $59 $53 $196 $387 $683 $811 
Lease obligations431 88 83 72 63 54 71 
Purchase obligations145 140 — 
Retiree medical payments84 11 10 10 35 
Total$2,849 $298 $148 $279 $460 $747 $917 
Debt
At December 31, 2023, we have outstanding principal debt of $2.2 billion. Approximately 64% of this debt is at fixed rates, including the effect of interest rate swaps, and the remaining 36% is at variable rates. The weighted average interest rate of our variable rate debt at December 31, 2023 was 9.7%. We estimate that cash interest payments for the next 12 months will be $190 - $200 million. Required debt repayments over the next 12 months are $59 million, which we anticipate satisfying through available cash on hand and cash generated from operations. See Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding our debt.
Lease obligations
We lease real estate and equipment under operating and capital lease arrangements. These leases have terms of up to 15 years and include renewal options. Lease obligations in the table above do not include $17 million of payments for leases signed but not yet commenced at December 31, 2023. See Note 6 and Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
Purchase obligations
Purchase obligations include unrecorded open purchase orders for goods and services.
In addition to the above known and contractually committed cash payments, we anticipate using cash for the following items:
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures are evaluated and approved by senior leadership based on several factors, including expected impacts on revenue growth, productivity enhancements, service improvements and cost savings. Capital expenditures totaled $103 million and $125 million for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Dividends
Assuming the current $0.05 per quarter dividend payment, we estimate that dividend payments will be approximately $35 million in 2024. Under the terms of the March 2028 note purchase agreement, the annual amount of permitted dividend payments is capped at the lesser of $36 million or a maximum dividend yield of 6.25%. In addition, share repurchases would further limit this amount.
Share Repurchases
We may repurchase shares of our common stock to manage the dilution created by shares issued under employee stock plans and for other purposes. We did not repurchase any additional shares of our common stock in 2023.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
At December 31, 2023, we had approximately $28 million outstanding letters of credit guarantees with financial institutions that are primarily issued as security for insurance, leases, customs and other performance obligations. In general, we would only be liable for the amount of these guarantees in the event of default in the performance of our obligations, the probability of which we believe is remote.
24


Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions about certain items that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and accompanying disclosures, including the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The accounting policies below have been identified by management as those policies that are most critical to our financial statements due to the estimates and assumptions required. Management believes that the estimates and assumptions used are reasonable and appropriate based on the information available at the time the financial statements were prepared; however, actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions. See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary of our accounting policies.

Revenue recognition
We derive revenue from multiple sources including the sale and lease of equipment, equipment rentals, financing, support services and business services. Certain transactions are consummated at the same time and can therefore generate revenue from multiple sources. The most common form of these arrangements involves a sale or noncancelable lease of equipment, meter services and an equipment maintenance agreement. We are required to determine whether each product and service within the contract should be treated as a separate performance obligation (unit of accounting) for revenue recognition purposes. We recognize revenue for performance obligations when control is transferred to the customer. Transfer of control may occur at a point in time or over time, depending on the nature of the contract and the performance obligation.
Revenue is allocated among performance obligations based on relative standalone selling prices (SSP), which are a range of selling prices that we would sell the good or service to a customer on a separate basis. SSP are established for each performance obligation at the inception of the contract and can be observable prices or estimated. Revenue is allocated to the meter service and equipment maintenance agreement elements using their respective observable selling prices charged in standalone and renewal transactions. For sale and lease transactions, the SSP of the equipment is based on a range of observable selling prices in standalone transactions. We recognize revenue on non-lease transactions when control of the equipment transfers to the customer, which is upon delivery for customer installable models and upon installation or customer acceptance for other models. We recognize revenue on equipment for lease transactions upon shipment for customer installable models and upon installation or customer acceptance for other models.

Impairment review
Goodwill is tested annually for impairment at the reporting unit level at the beginning of the fourth quarter or sooner if circumstances indicate an impairment may exist. The impairment test for goodwill determines the fair value of each reporting unit and compares it to the reporting unit's carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets assigned to that reporting unit, goodwill is not impaired, If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit, a goodwill impairment loss is calculated as the difference between these amounts, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit.
Testing goodwill for impairment requires us to identify our reporting units and assign assets and liabilities, including goodwill, to each reporting unit. The fair value of a reporting unit is based on one or a combination of techniques, including a discounted cash flow model, multiples of competitors, and/or multiples from sales of like businesses.
The performance of our Global Ecommerce reporting unit, continuing changes in macroeconomic conditions and our long-term outlook for this business were triggering events that caused us to evaluate the Global Ecommerce goodwill for impairment during the second and fourth quarters. To assess Global Ecommerce goodwill for impairment, we determined the fair value of the reporting unit and compared it to the unit's carrying value, including goodwill. We engaged a third party to assist in the determination of the fair value of the reporting unit. The fair value was estimated using a discounted cash flow model based on management developed cash flow projections, which included judgements and assumptions related to revenue growth rates, operating margins, operating income, and a discount rate. The estimates and assumptions are considered Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy. We assessed Global Ecommerce goodwill for impairment in the second and fourth quarters, and based on the results of our assessments, recorded non-cash, pre-tax goodwill impairment charges of $119 million and $220 million, respectively.
The results of our annual impairment test as of the beginning of the fourth quarter for our other reporting units indicated that the fair value of these reporting units exceeded their carrying values and no impairment existed.
Long-lived and finite-lived intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable. The estimated future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets is compared to the carrying value. If the sum of the undiscounted cash flows is less than the asset's carrying value, an impairment charge is recorded for an amount by which the carrying value exceeds its fair value. The fair value of the impaired asset is determined using probability weighted expected cash flow estimates, quoted market prices when available and appraisals, as appropriate. We derive the cash flow estimates from our long-term business plans and historical experience. Changes in
25


the estimates and assumptions incorporated in our impairment assessment could materially affect the determination of fair value and the associated impairment charge.

Allowances for credit losses
Finance receivables are comprised of sales-type leases, secured loans and unsecured revolving loans. We provide an allowance for probable credit losses based on historical loss experience, the nature of our portfolios, adverse situations that may affect a client's ability to pay and current economic conditions and outlook based on reasonable and supportable forecasts. Total allowance for credit losses as a percentage of finance receivables was 2% at both December 31, 2023 and 2022. Holding all other assumptions constant, a 0.25% increase in the allowance rate at December 31, 2023 would have reduced pre-tax income by $3 million.
Trade accounts receivable are generally due within 30 days after the invoice date. We provide an allowance for credit losses based on historical loss experience, the age of the receivables, specific troubled accounts and other currently available information. Accounts deemed uncollectible are written off against the allowance after all collection efforts have been exhausted and management deems the account to be uncollectible, or when they are 365 days past due, if sooner. The allowance for credit losses as a percentage of trade accounts receivables was 2% at both December 31, 2023 and 2022. Holding all other assumptions constant, a 0.25% increase in the allowance rate at December 31, 2023 would have reduced pre-tax income by $1 million.

Income taxes and valuation allowance
We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Our annual tax rate is based on income, statutory tax rates, tax reserve changes and tax planning opportunities available to us in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Significant judgment is required in determining the annual tax rate and in evaluating our tax positions. We regularly assess the likelihood of tax adjustments in each of the tax jurisdictions in which we have operations and account for the related financial statement implications. We have established tax reserves that we believe are appropriate given the possibility of tax adjustments. Determining the appropriate level of tax reserves requires judgment regarding the uncertain application of tax laws. Reserves are adjusted when information becomes available or when an event occurs indicating a change in the reserve is appropriate. Changes in tax reserves could have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.
Significant judgment is also required in determining the amount of deferred tax assets that will ultimately be realized and corresponding deferred tax asset valuation allowance. When estimating the necessary valuation allowance, we consider all available evidence for each jurisdiction including historical operating results, estimates of future taxable income and the feasibility of ongoing tax planning strategies. If new information becomes available that would alter our estimate of the amount of deferred tax assets that will ultimately be realized, we adjust the valuation allowance through income tax expense. Changes in the deferred tax asset valuation allowance could have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

Pension benefits
The calculation of net periodic pension expense and determination of net pension obligations are dependent on assumptions and estimates relating to, among other things, the discount rate (interest rate used to discount the future estimated liability) and the expected rate of return on plan assets. These assumptions are evaluated and updated annually.
The discount rate for our largest plan, the U.S. Qualified Pension Plan (the U.S. Plan) and our largest foreign plan, the U.K. Qualified Pension Plan (the U.K. Plan) used to determine net periodic pension expense for 2023 was 5.55% and 4.80%, respectively. The discount rate used to determine 2024 net periodic pension expense for the U.S. Plan and the U.K. Plan was 5.15% and 4.5%, respectively. A 0.25% change in the discount rate would not materially impact annual pension expense for the U.S. Plan or the U.K. Plan. A 0.25% change in the discount rate would impact the projected benefit obligation of the U.S. Plan and U.K. Plan by $24 million and $13 million, respectively.
The expected rate of return on plan assets used to determine net periodic pension expense for 2023 was 6.5% for the U.S. Plan and 5.26% for the U.K. Plan. The expected rate of return on plan assets used to determine 2024 net periodic pension expense was 6.7% and 5.5% for the U.S. Plan and the U.K. Plan, respectively. A 0.25% change in the expected rate of return on plan assets would impact annual pension expense for the U.S. Plan by $3 million and the U.K. Plan by $1 million.
Actual pension plan results that differ from our assumptions and estimates are accumulated and amortized primarily over the life expectancy of plan participants and affect future pension expense. Net pension expense is also based on a market-related valuation of plan assets where differences between the actual and expected return on plan assets are recognized over a five-year period. Plan benefits for participants in a majority of our U.S. and foreign pension plans are frozen.



26


Residual value of leased assets
Equipment residual values are determined at the inception of the lease using estimates of the equipment's fair value at the end of the lease term. Residual value estimates impact the determination of whether a lease is classified as an operating lease or a sales-type lease. Fair value estimates of equipment at the end of the lease term are based on historical renewal experience, used equipment markets, competition and technological changes.
We evaluate residual values on an annual basis or sooner if circumstances warrant. Declines in estimated residual values considered "other-than-temporary" are recognized immediately. Increases in estimated future residual values are not recognized until the equipment is remarketed. If the actual residual value of leased assets were 10% lower than management's current estimates and considered "other-than-temporary", pre-tax income would be $5 million lower.

Legal and Regulatory Matters
See Regulatory Matters in Item 1 and Other Tax Matters in Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for regulatory matters regarding our tax returns and Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding our legal proceedings.

Foreign Currency Exchange
The functional currency for most of our foreign operations is the local currency. Changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to the currencies of countries in which we operate impact our reported assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. Exchange rate fluctuations can also impact the settlement of intercompany receivables and payables between our subsidiaries in different countries. During 2023, 11% of our consolidated revenue was from operations outside the United States and the translation of foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar did not have a material impact on revenues or operating results for the year ended December 31, 2023.




































27


ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are exposed to market risks primarily from changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. To manage these market risks, we may employ derivatives according to established policies and procedures. We do not use derivatives for speculative purposes. We are also exposed to credit risk on our accounts receivable and finance receivable portfolio.

Foreign Exchange Risk
We have a number of short-term intercompany loans denominated in a foreign currency, predominantly the British Pound, Canadian Dollar and Euro. Our foreign currency risk primarily includes the periodic revaluation of these intercompany loans and related interest, which is recorded in earnings.
Historically, we entered into foreign exchange contracts to minimize the impact of the revaluation of these intercompany loans and related interest on earnings. Changes in fair value of these foreign exchange contracts were also recorded in earnings and designed to generally offset the impact to earnings from the revaluation of the underlying intercompany loans. While there was typically minimal impact to earnings, the settlement of these derivative contracts resulted in cash outflows or inflows, which could be significant.
In the fourth quarter of 2023, management decided to no longer use foreign exchange contracts to hedge the revaluation of intercompany loans and related interest. While this decision reduces volatility in cash flows, the periodic revaluation of these intercompany loans could result in significant non-cash charges or income in earnings. Assuming foreign currency exchange rates at December 31, 2023, a 1% change in the British Pound, Canadian Dollar or Euro would impact earnings by $5 million, $3 million and $2 million, respectively.
We are also exposed to foreign currency risks associated with transactions denominated in currencies other than a location’s functional currency and forecasted inventory purchases between affiliates and third parties. However, these risks are not deemed to be significant.

Interest Rate Risk
We are exposed to interest rate risk on our variable-rate debt borrowings. The weighted average interest rate of our variable rate debt at December 31, 2023 and 2022 was 9.7% and 7.5%, respectively. A 100 basis point change in the weighted average interest rate of our variable rate debt in 2023 would have increased interest expense approximately $8 million.
We also maintain a significant investment portfolio comprised of fixed-rate investment in government and municipal securities, corporate securities, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities. Changes in interest rates impact the fair value of these investments. We have designated these securities as available-for-sale, and changes in fair value due to changes in interest rates are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income, a component of equity, and not earnings. We do not expect to recognize impairment losses on investment securities in an unrealized loss position as we have the intent and ability to hold these securities until recovery of unrealized losses or maturity.

Credit Risk
We are exposed to credit risk on our accounts receivable and finance receivable balances. This risk is mitigated due to our large, diverse client base, dispersed over various geographic regions and industrial sectors. No single client comprised more than 10% of our consolidated net sales in 2023 or 2022. We maintain provisions for potential credit losses based on historical experience, age of receivable, current economic conditions and future outlook and other relevant factors that may impact our customers’ ability to pay. We continually evaluate the adequacy of our allowance for credit losses and adjust as necessary.


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
See "Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedules" in this Form 10-K.


ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
None.



28


ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)), that are designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and to reasonably assure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO), to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Any system of controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable (and not absolute) assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. Under the direction of our CEO and CFO, management evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Rule 13a-15 or Rule 15d-15 under the Exchange Act. Notwithstanding this caution, the CEO and CFO have reasonable assurance that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2023.

Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Management assessed the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023 under the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) and concluded that the internal control over financial reporting was effective.
The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report in this Form 10-K.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended December 31, 2023, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, such internal control over financial reporting.
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION
None.

ITEM 9C. DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS
None.
29

PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Other than information regarding our executive officers disclosed in Part I of this Annual Report and information regarding our directors as shown below, the information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Director
Title
Mary J. Steele Guilfoile
Chair, MG Advisors, Inc.
Steven D. Brill
Retired President of Corporate Strategy at United Parcel Service, Inc
Todd Everett
Independent advisor to several ecommerce companies, including Doddle Parcel Services Limited, Verishop, Inc., and Fetch Package, Inc
Katie May
Former Chief Executive Officer, ShippingEasy
Milena Alberti-Perez
Former Chief Financial Officer of Getty Images, Inc
Sheila A. Stamps
Former Financial Services Executive & Former Commissioner and Audit Committee Chair, New York State Insurance Fund
Darrell Thomas
Retired Vice President and Treasurer for Harley-Davison, Inc.
Kurt Wolf
Managing Member and Chief Investment Officer of Hestia Capital Management
William S. Simon
President of WSS Venture Holdings, LLC
Jill Sutton
Former Chief Legal Officer, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of United Natural Foods, Inc.

Code of Ethics
We have Business Practices Guidelines (BPG) that apply to all our officers and other employees and a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (the Code) that applies to our Board of Directors. The BPG and the Code are posted on our corporate governance website located at www.pb.com/us/our-company/leadership-and-governance/corporate-governance.html. Amendments to either the BPG or the Code and any waiver from a provision of the BPG or the Code requiring disclosure will be disclosed on our corporate governance website.

Audit Committee - Audit Committee Financial Expert
The information regarding the Audit Committee, its members and the Audit Committee financial experts is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

















30

PART III
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION TABLE

The following table provides information as of December 31, 2023 regarding the number of shares of common stock that may be issued under our equity compensation plans.
Plan Category(a)
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights (1)
(b)
Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights (2)
(c)
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans excluding securities reflected in column (a)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
15,488,458 $9.5015,950,013 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
— — — 
Total15,488,458 $9.5015,950,013 

(1)     Includes outstanding restricted stock units, stock options and performance stock units.
(2)    Weighted average exercise price of stock options only.

Other than information regarding securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans, the information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS, RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
31

PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
(a)(1)    Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedules
Page Number in Form 10-K
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2023 and 2022
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' (Deficit) Equity for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Schedule II - Valuation and Qualifying Accounts and Reserves for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021

(a)(2)    Exhibits
Reg. S-K
exhibits
DescriptionStatus or incorporation by reference
3(a)Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Pitney Bowes Inc.
3(b)Pitney Bowes Inc. Amended and Restated By-laws (effective May 10, 2013)
4Description of Registered Securities
4(a)Senior Debt Indenture, dated as of February 14, 2005, by and between the Company and Citibank N.A., as trustee
4(b)First Supplemental Indenture, dated as of October 23, 2007, by and among Pitney Bowes Inc., The Bank of New York, as successor trustee, and Citibank, N.A., as resigning trustee
4(c)Supplemental Indenture No. 2 dated as of February 26, 2020, by and between Pitney Bowes Inc. and The Bank of New York Mellon, as successor trustee to Citibank N.A.
4(d)Form of 5.25% Global Medium-Term Note due 2037
4(e)Officer's Certificate establishing the terms of the Notes, dated March 7, 2013, and Specimen of 6.70% Notes due 2043
4(f)Officer's Certificate establishing the terms of the 4.625% Notes due 2024, dated March 13, 2014, and Specimen of 4.625% Notes due 2024.
4(g)Indenture, dated March 19, 2021, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the guarantors party thereto and Truist Bank, as trustee, with respect to Pitney Bowes Inc.'s 6.875% Senior Notes due 2027.
4(h)Indenture, dated March 19, 2021, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the guarantors party thereto and Truist Bank, as trustee, with respect to Pitney Bowes Inc.'s 7.250% Senior Notes due 2029.
4(i)
Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of July 31, 2023, by and among Pitney Bowes Inc., the noteholders party thereto and Alter Domus (US) LLC, as noteholder representative
10(a) *Retirement Plan for Directors of Pitney Bowes Inc.
10(b) *
Pitney Bowes Inc. Directors' Stock Plan (as amended and restated September 11, 2023)
10(c) *
Pitney Bowes Inc. 2007 Stock Plan (as amended November 7, 2009)
32

PART IV
Reg. S-K
exhibits
DescriptionStatus or incorporation by reference
10(d) *
Pitney Bowes Inc. Key Employees' Incentive Plan (as amended and restated September 11, 2023)
10(e) *
Pitney Bowes Severance Plan (as amended and restated as of October 1, 2023)
10(f) *
Pitney Bowes Senior Executive Severance Policy (as amended and restated as of September 11, 2023)
10(g) *
Pitney Bowes Inc. Deferred Incentive Savings Plan for the Board of Directors (as amended and restated September 11, 2023)
10(h) *
Pitney Bowes Inc. Deferred Incentive Savings Plan (as amended and restated effective September 11, 2023)
10(i) *
Form of Long Term Incentive Award Agreement
10(j)*
Pitney Bowes Director Equity Deferral plan dated November 8, 2013 (effective May 12, 2014)
10(k)*
Pitney Bowes Executive Equity Deferral Plan (as amended and restated September 11, 2023)
10(l)*
Pitney Bowes Inc. 2013 Stock Plan
10(m)*
Amended and Restated Pitney Bowes Inc. 2018 Stock Plan (as amended and restated September 11, 2023)
10(n)
Credit Agreement, dated as of November 1, 2019 (the "Credit Agreement"), among the company, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent.
10(o)
First Incremental Facility Amendment, dated as of February 19, 2020, to the Credit Agreement, among the company, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., administrative agent.
10(p)
First Amendment, dated as of March 19, 2021, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the subsidiaries of Pitney Bowes Inc. party thereto, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent
10(q)
First Refinancing Agreement, dated as of March 19, 2021, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the subsidiaries of Pitney Bowes Inc. party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and refinancing tranche B term lender.
10(r)
Second Amendment, dated as of May 11, 2022, to the Credit Agreement, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the Lenders and issuing banks party thereto and JP Morgan Chase, N.A., as administrative agent
10(s)
Third Amendment, dated as of December 7, 2022, to the Credit Agreement, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the Lenders and issuing banks party thereto and JP Morgan Chase, N.A., as administrative agent.
10(t)
Fourth Amendment, dated as of December 8, 2022, to the Credit Agreement, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the Lenders and issuing banks party thereto and JP Morgan Chase, N.A., as administrative agent
10(u)
Fifth Amendment, dated as of June 6, 2023, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the subsidiaries of Pitney Bowes Inc. party thereto, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto, and JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent
10(v)
Sixth Amendment, dated as of July 31, 2023, among Pitney Bowes Inc., the subsidiaries of Pitney Bowes Inc. party thereto, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto, and JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent
33

PART IV
Reg. S-K
exhibits
DescriptionStatus or incorporation by reference
10(w)
Separation Agreement and General Release, dated as of September 29, 2023, between Pitney Bowes Inc. and Marc Lautenbach
10(x)
Letter Agreement, dated as of September 29, 2023, between Pitney Bowes Inc. and Jason Dies
21Subsidiaries of the registrant
23Consent of independent registered accounting firm
31.1Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
31.2Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
32.1Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
32.2Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
97
Compensation Recoupment Policy of Pitney Bowes Inc. dated December 1, 2023
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
104The cover page from the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, formatted in Inline XBRL (included as Exhibit 101).
* The Exhibits identified above with an asterisk (*) are management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements.

The Company has certain outstanding long-term indebtedness that does not exceed 10% of the total assets of the Company; therefore, copies of instruments defining the rights of holders of such indebtedness are not included as exhibits. The Company agrees to furnish copies of such instruments to the SEC upon request.

ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY
None
34

PART IV
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Date: February 20, 2024        PITNEY BOWES INC.
    Registrant

By: /s/ Jason C. Dies
Jason C. Dies
Interim Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
SignatureTitleDate
/s/ Jason C. Dies
Jason C. Dies
Interim Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
February 20, 2024
/s/ Ana Maria Chadwick
Ana Maria Chadwick
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)February 20, 2024
/s/ Joseph R. Catapano
Joseph R. Catapano
Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer (Principal Accounting Officer)February 20, 2024
/s/ Mary J. Steele Guilfoile
Mary J. Steele Guilfoile
Non-Executive Chairman - DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Steven D. Brill
Steven D. Brill
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Todd Everett
Todd Everett
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Katie May
Katie May
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Milena Alberti-Perez
Milena Alberti-Perez
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Sheila A. Stamps
Sheila A. Stamps
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Darrell Thomas
Darrell Thomas
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Kurt Wolf
Kurt Wolf
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ William S. Simon
William S. Simon
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
/s/ Jill Sutton
Jill Sutton
DirectorFebruary 20, 2024
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PART IV

Page Number
Consolidated Financial Statements of Pitney Bowes Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2023 and 2022
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' (Deficit) Equity for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021
Financial Statement Schedule
Schedule II - Valuation and Qualifying Accounts and Reserves for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022 and 2021


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Pitney Bowes Inc.
Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Pitney Bowes Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders’ (deficit) equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, including the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a)(1) (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.

Basis for Opinions
The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
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Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Goodwill Impairment Triggering Event Assessments – Global Ecommerce Reporting Unit
As described in Notes 1 and 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company’s consolidated goodwill balance was $734 million as of December 31, 2023, and the goodwill balance associated with the Global Ecommerce reporting unit was zero. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment at the reporting unit level as of the beginning of the fourth quarter or sooner if circumstances indicate an impairment may exist. The impairment test for goodwill determines the fair value of each reporting unit and compares it to the reporting unit’s carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit, a goodwill impairment loss is calculated as the difference between these amounts, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The performance of the Global Ecommerce reporting unit, continuing changes in macroeconomic conditions and the long-term outlook for the business were triggering events that caused management to evaluate the Global Ecommerce goodwill for impairment during the second and fourth quarters 0f 2023. The assessments indicated that the estimated fair value of the reporting unit was less than the carrying value and management recorded a non-cash, pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $119 million and $220 million in the second and fourth quarter, respectively. The fair value was estimated using a discounted cash flow model based on management developed cash flow projections, which included judgments and assumptions related to revenue growth rates, operating margins, operating income, and the discount rate.
The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to the goodwill impairment triggering event assessments of the Global Ecommerce reporting unit is a critical audit matter are (i) the significant judgment by management when developing the fair value estimates of the Global Ecommerce reporting unit; (ii) a high degree of auditor judgment, subjectivity, and effort in performing procedures and evaluating management’s significant assumptions related to revenue growth rates, certain forecasted costs included in the determination of projected operating margins and operating income, and the discount rate; and (iii) the audit effort involved the use of professionals with specialized skill and knowledge.
Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included testing the effectiveness of controls relating to management’s goodwill impairment assessments, including controls over the valuation of the Global Ecommerce reporting unit. These procedures also included, among others, (i) testing management’s process for developing the fair value estimates of the reporting unit; (ii) evaluating the appropriateness of the discounted cash flow model used by management; (iii) testing the completeness and accuracy of underlying data used in the discounted cash flow model; and (iv) evaluating the reasonableness of the significant assumptions used by management related to revenue growth rates, certain forecasted costs included in the determination of projected operating margins and operating income, and the discount rate. Evaluating management’s assumptions related to revenue growth rates and certain forecasted costs included in the determination of projected operating margins and operating income involved evaluating whether the assumptions used by management were reasonable considering (i) the current and past performance of the reporting unit, (ii) the consistency with external market and industry data, and (iii) whether the assumptions were consistent with evidence obtained in other areas of the audit. Professionals with specialized skill and knowledge were used to assist in evaluating the appropriateness of the discounted cash flow model and the reasonableness of the discount rate assumption.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Stamford, Connecticut
February 20, 2024

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1934.
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PITNEY BOWES INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
Revenu