10-K 1 ph-20220630.htm 10-K ph-20220630
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                          to                         
Commission File No. 1-4982
PARKER-HANNIFIN CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio34-0451060
(State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
6035 Parkland Boulevard,Cleveland,Ohio44124-4141
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (216) 896-3000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange
on which Registered
Common Shares, $.50 par valuePHNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    
Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.   
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The aggregate market value of the outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of December 31, 2021: $40,873,444,310.
The number of Common Shares outstanding on July 31, 2022 was 128,402,997.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Definitive Proxy Statement for the Company’s 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, to be held on October 26, 2022, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.




1

PARKER-HANNIFIN CORPORATION
FORM 10-K
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2022
PART I

ITEM 1. Business. Parker-Hannifin Corporation is a leading worldwide diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision engineered solutions for a wide variety of mobile, industrial and aerospace markets. The Company was incorporated in Ohio in 1938. Our principal executive offices are located at 6035 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio 44124-4141, telephone (216) 896-3000. As used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms "Company", "Parker", "we" or "us" refer to Parker-Hannifin Corporation and its subsidiaries, and the term "year" and references to specific years refer to the applicable fiscal year.
Our investor relations website address is www.phstock.com. We make available free of charge on or through our website our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as soon as reasonably practicable after filing or furnishing those reports electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The information contained on or accessible through our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Board of Directors has adopted a written charter for each of its committees. These charters, as well as our Global Code of Business Conduct, Corporate Governance Guidelines and Independence Standards for Directors, are posted and available on our investor relations website under the Corporate Governance page. Shareholders may request copies of these corporate governance documents, free of charge, by writing to Parker-Hannifin Corporation, 6035 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio 44124-4141, Attention: Secretary, or by calling (216) 896-3000.
Our manufacturing, service, sales, distribution and administrative facilities are located in 37 states within the United States and in 44 other countries. We sell our products as original and replacement equipment through sales and distribution centers worldwide. We market our products through direct-sales employees, independent distributors and sales representatives. We supply products to approximately 527,000 customers in virtually every significant manufacturing, transportation and processing industry.
We have two reporting segments: Diversified Industrial and Aerospace Systems. During 2022, our technologies and systems were used in the products of these two reporting segments. For 2022, the Company's net sales were $15.9 billion. Diversified Industrial Segment products accounted for 84 percent and Aerospace Systems Segment products accounted for 16 percent of those net sales.
Markets
Our technologies and systems are used across industries and in various applications. The approximately 527,000 customers who purchase Parker products are found in almost every significant manufacturing, transportation and processing industry. No single customer accounted for more than two percent of our total net sales for the year ended June 30, 2022.
2

Diversified Industrial Segment. Our Diversified Industrial Segment sells products to both original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and distributors who serve the replacement markets in manufacturing, packaging, processing, transportation, mobile construction, refrigeration and air conditioning, agricultural and military machinery and equipment industries. The major markets served by our Diversified Industrial Segment are listed below by group:
Engineered Materials Group:
•    Aerospace
 
•    Agriculture
 
•    Chemical processing
 
•    Construction
 
•    Defense
 
•    Information technology
 
•    Life sciences 

•    Microelectronics
 
•    Oil & gas
•    Power generation
•    Renewable energy
 
•    Telecommunications
 
•    Transportation
 
•    Truck & bus
Filtration
Group:
•    Aerospace & defense
•    Agriculture
•    Clean & Renewable Energy
•    Construction
 
•    Food & beverage
 
•    Heating, ventilation & air conditioning (HVAC)
 
•    Industrial plant & equipment
 
•    Life sciences

•    Marine
 •    Mining
 •    Oil & gas
 •    Power generation
 •    Renewable energy
 •    Medium & Heavy Duty Truck
 •    Water purification

Fluid Connectors
Group:
•    Aerial lift
 
•    Agriculture
 
•    Bulk chemical handling
 
•    Construction
 
•    Food & beverage
 
•    Forestry
•    Industrial machinery
•    Life sciences
 
•    Material handling
 
•    Mining
 
•    Oil & gas
 
•    Renewable energy
 
•    Transportation
 

Instrumentation
Group:
•    Air conditioning
•    Alternative fuels
•    Analytical
•    Chemical
 
•    Food & beverage 
•    Life sciences 
•    Microelectronics
•    Oil & gas
•    Refining
•    Refrigeration
•    Transportation
Motion Systems
Group:
Mobile:
•    Agriculture
•    Construction
•    Marine
•    Material handling
•    Military
•    Transportation
•    Truck & bus
•    Turf
Industrial:
•    Distribution
•    General machinery 
•    Machine tool
•    Mining
•    Oil & gas
•    Power generation
•    Semiconductor




3

Aerospace Systems Segment. Our Aerospace Systems Segment sells products primarily in the commercial and military aerospace markets to both OEMs and to end users for spares, maintenance, repair and overhaul. The major markets for products of the Aerospace Systems Segment are listed below:
•    Aftermarket services
•    Commercial transport aircraft
•    Engines
•    General & business aviation
•    Helicopters
 
•     Military aircraft
•     Missiles
•     Power generation (industrial gas turbines)
•     Regional transport aircraft
•     Unmanned aerial vehicles
 

Principal Products and Methods of Distribution
We offer hundreds of thousands of individual part numbers, and no single product contributed more than one percent to our total net sales for the year ended June 30, 2022. Listed below are some of our principal products.
Diversified Industrial Segment. Our Diversified Industrial Segment products consist of a broad range of motion-control and fluid systems and components, which are described below by group:

Engineered Materials Group: sealing, shielding, thermal products and systems, adhesives, coatings and noise vibration and harshness solutions, including:
•    Active vibration control systems
•    Bearings & dampers
•    Coatings
•    Dynamic seals
•    Elastomeric mounts & isolators
•    Elastomeric o-rings
•    Electromagnetic interference shielding
•    Extrusion & fabricated seals
•    High-temperature metal seals


  





•    Homogeneous & inserted elastomeric shapes
•    Medical products fabrication & assembly
•    Metal & plastic composite bonded seals
•    Precision-cut seals
•    Rubber-to-substrate adhesives
•    Specialty chemicals 
•    Structural adhesives
•    Thermal management
•    Wireless sensing systems


Filtration Group: filters, systems and diagnostics solutions to ensure purity in critical process chemicals and to remove contaminants from fuel, air, oil, water and other liquids and gases, including:
•    Aerospace filters & systems
•    Air pollution control & dust collection systems & filters
•    Compressed air & gas treatment solutions
•    Engine fuel, oil, air & closed crankcase ventilation filtration systems
•    Filtration & purification systems
•    Fluid condition monitoring systems
•    Gas turbine air inlet filters
•    Heating, ventilation & air conditioning filters
•    Hydrogen and alternative energy filters

•    Hydraulic & lubrication filters & systems
•    Industrial & analytical gas generators
•    Membrane, fiber, & sintered metal filters
•    Natural gas filters
•    Process liquid, air & gas filters
•    Sterile air filters
•    Water purification filters & systems

4

Fluid Connectors Group: connectors, which control, transmit and contain fluid, including:
•    Ball & check valves
•    Diagnostic and sensors
•    Hose couplings
•    Hose crimpers
•    Industrial hose
•    Low pressure fittings & adapters
•    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hose & tubing
•    Quick couplings
•    Elastomeric & thermoplastic hose
•    Tube fittings & adapters
•    Tubing & plastic fittings

Instrumentation Group: high quality flow control solutions that are critical to a wide range of applications involving extreme corrosion resistance, temperatures, pressures and precise flow, including:
•    Analytical instruments & sample conditioning systems
•    Compressed natural gas dispensers
•    Cryogenic valves
•    Diesel exhaust treatment systems
•    Electronic valves
•    Emissions
•    Filter driers
•    Fluid system & control fittings, meters, valves, regulators & manifold valves
•    Fluoropolymer chemical delivery fittings, valves & pumps
     •    High pressure fittings, valves, pumps & systems
•    High-purity gas delivery fittings, valves & regulators 
•    Miniature valves & pumps
•    Natural gas on-board fuel systems
•    Pressure regulating valves
•    Refrigeration & air conditioning electronic controls & monitoring
•    Solenoid valves
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Motion Systems Group: hydraulic, pneumatic, and electromechanical components and systems for builders and users of mobile and industrial machinery and equipment, including:
Hydraulic Actuation:
•    Accumulators 
•    Coolers
•    Cylinders
•   Electrohydraulic actuators
•   Helical actuators
•   Rotary actuators
Hydraulic Pumps & Motors:
•    Drive controlled pumps
•    Electrohydraulic pumps
•    Fan drives 
•    Gerotor pumps & motors
•    Integrated hydrostatic transmissions
•    Piston pumps & motors
•    Power take-offs
•    Screw pumps
•    Vane pumps & motors
Hydraulic and Electro Hydraulic Systems:
•    Cartridge valves
•    Hydraulic valves
•    Industrial valves
•    Mobile valves


Pneumatics:
•    Air preparation (FRL) & dryers
•    Grippers 
•    IO link controllers
•    Pneumatic cylinders
•    Pneumatic valves
Electronics:
•    Clusters
•    Controllers & human machine interfaces ("HMI")
•    Drives (AC/DC Servo)
•    Electric actuators & positioners
•    Electric motors & gearheads
•    Electronic displays & HMI
•    IoT
•    Joysticks
•    Sensors
•    Software
Diversified Industrial Segment products include standard products, as well as custom products which are engineered and produced to OEM specifications for application to particular end products. Standard and custom products are also used in the replacement of original products. We market our Diversified Industrial Segment products primarily through field sales employees and approximately 17,100 independent distributor locations throughout the world.
Beginning July 1, 2022, the Company began the consolidation of the Fluid Connectors and Instrumentation Groups. The newly consolidated group will continue to serve the major markets and offer the principal products provided by the former Fluid Connectors and Instrumentation Groups, as described above. This new group is designed to leverage the strength of Parker's fluid and gas handling, process control and climate control technologies into a single organization that can better address the emerging needs of customers across common end markets and applications. The realignment is expected to bring added growth opportunities and is a further step towards organizational simplification and alignment.
Aerospace Systems Segment. Our Aerospace Systems Segment products are used in commercial and military airframe and engine programs and include:
•    Control actuation systems & components
•    Engine build-up ducting
•    Engine exhaust nozzles & assemblies
 
•    Engine systems & components
 
•    Fluid conveyance systems & components
•    Fluid metering, delivery & atomization devices
•    Fuel systems & components




•    Fuel tank inerting systems
•    Hydraulic systems & components
•    Lubrication components
•    Pilot controls
•    Pneumatic control components
•    Thermal management
•    Wheels & brakes



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We market our Aerospace Systems Segment products through our regional sales organizations, which sell directly to OEMs and end users throughout the world.
Competition
Parker operates in highly competitive markets and industries. We offer our products over numerous, varied markets through our divisions operating in 45 countries. Our global scope means that we have hundreds of competitors across our various markets and product offerings. Our competitors include U.S. and non-U.S. companies. These competitors and the degree of competition vary widely by product lines, end markets, geographic scope and/or geographic locations. Although each of our segments has numerous competitors, given our market and product breadth, no single competitor competes with the Company with respect to all the products we manufacture and sell.
In the Diversified Industrial Segment, Parker competes on the basis of product quality and innovation, customer experience, manufacturing and distribution capability, and price competitiveness. We believe that we are one of the market leaders in most of the major markets for our most significant Diversified Industrial Segment products. We have comprehensive motion and control packages for the broadest systems capabilities. While our primary global competitors include Bosch Rexroth AG, Danaher Corporation, Danfoss A/S, Donaldson Company, Inc., Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc., Emerson/ASCO, Festo AG & Co., Freudenberg-NOK, Gates Corporation, IMI/Norgren, SMC Corporation, Swagelok Company, and Trelleborg AB, none of these businesses compete with every group or product in our Diversified Industrial Segment.
In the Aerospace Systems Segment, we have developed relationships with key customers based on our advanced technological and engineering capabilities, superior performance in quality, delivery, service, and price competitiveness. This has enabled us to obtain significant original equipment business on new aircraft programs for our systems and components, as well as the follow-on repair and replacement business for these programs. Further, the Aerospace Systems Segment utilizes low-cost manufacturing techniques and best cost region strategies to achieve a lower cost producer status. Although we believe that we are one of the market leaders in most of the major markets for our most significant Aerospace Systems Segment products, primary global competitors for these products include Eaton Corporation plc, Honeywell International, Inc., Moog Inc., Triumph Group, Inc., Senior plc., Raytheon Collins Aerospace, Woodward, Inc. and Safran S.A.
We believe that our platform utilizing eight core technologies, which consist of electromechanical, filtration, fluid handling, hydraulics, pneumatics, process control, refrigeration, and sealing and shielding, is a positive factor in our ability to compete effectively with both large and small competitors. For both of our segments, we believe that the following factors also contribute to our ability to compete effectively:
decentralized business model;
technology breadth and interconnectivity;
engineered products with intellectual property;
long product life cycles;
balanced OEM vs. aftermarket;
low capital investment requirements; and
great generators and deployers of cash over the cycle.
Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights, Trade Secrets, Licenses
We own a number of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets and licenses related to our products. We also have exclusive and non-exclusive rights to use patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets owned by others. In addition, patent and trademark applications are pending, although there can be no assurance that further patents and trademarks will be issued. We do not depend on any single patent, trademark, copyright, trade secret or license or group of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets or licenses to any material extent.
Backlog and Seasonal Nature of Business
Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale. Our backlog by business segment for the past two years is included in Part II, Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference. Our backlog was $7.9 billion at June 30, 2022 and $6.5 billion at June 30, 2021. Approximately 88 percent of our backlog at June 30, 2022 is scheduled for delivery in the succeeding twelve months. Because of the breadth and global scope of our business, our overall business is generally not seasonal in nature.
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Environmental Regulation
Certain of our operations require the use and handling of hazardous materials and, as a result, the Company is subject to United States federal, state, and local laws and regulations as well as non-U.S. laws and regulations designed to protect the environment and regulate the discharge of materials into the environment. These laws impose penalties, fines and other sanctions for non-compliance and liability for response costs, property damage and personal injury resulting from past and current spills, disposals or other releases of, or exposures to, hazardous materials. Among other environmental laws, we are subject to the United States federal "Superfund" law, under which we have been designated as a "potentially responsible party" and may be liable for cleanup costs associated with various waste sites, some of which are on the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund priority list.
As of June 30, 2022, Parker was involved in environmental remediation at various U.S. and non-U.S. manufacturing facilities presently or formerly operated by us and as a "potentially responsible party," along with other companies, at off-site waste disposal facilities and regional sites.
We believe that our policies, practices and procedures are properly designed to prevent unreasonable risk of environmental damage and the consequent financial liability to the Company. Compliance with environmental laws and regulations requires continuing management efforts and expenditures by the Company. Compliance with environmental laws and regulations has not had in the past, and, we believe, will not have in the future, a material adverse effect on our capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position.
Our reserve for environmental matters is discussed in Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated herein by reference.
Government Regulation
In addition to the environmental regulations discussed above, we are subject to various federal, state, local, and foreign government regulations relating to the development, manufacture, marketing, sale and distribution of our products and services in the countries where we conduct business. Compliance with these laws and regulations often requires the dedication of time and effort of our team members, as well as financial resources. Additional information about the impact of government regulations on our business is included in “Item 1A. “Risk Factors.”
Energy Matters and Sources and Availability of Raw Materials
Our primary energy source for both of our business segments is electric power. While we cannot predict future costs of electric power, the primary source for production of the required electric power is expected to be coal and natural gas from coal and natural gas reserves available to electric utilities. We are subject to governmental regulations in regard to energy supplies in the United States and elsewhere. To date, we have not experienced any significant disruptions of our operations due to energy curtailments.
We primarily use steel, brass, copper, aluminum, nickel, rubber and thermoplastic materials and chemicals as the principal raw materials in our products. We expect these materials to be available from numerous sources in quantities sufficient to meet our requirements.
Acquisitions
The Company made no acquisitions in 2022. On August 2, 2021, the Company announced that it reached an agreement on the terms of a recommended cash acquisition (the "Acquisition") of the entire issued and to be issued ordinary share capital of Meggitt plc ("Meggitt"). The proposed Acquisition and prior year acquisitions are discussed in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are incorporated herein by reference.

Human Capital Management

At Parker, we align employment levels with the global needs of our business and our customers. As of June 30, 2022, we employed approximately 55,090 persons that we refer to as “team members,” of whom approximately 27,890 were employed by foreign subsidiaries.

Our talented and passionate team members are the foundation of Parker’s enduring growth, bringing new ideas and perspectives to enhance our safety performance, improve productivity and inspire a diverse and inclusive culture. We see a clear path to a brighter future, and it begins with providing our people the resources that enable them to find personal and
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professional satisfaction in their work, responsibly move our company forward and strengthen our communities, fulfilling our purpose of Enabling Engineering Breakthroughs that Lead to a Better Tomorrow.

The Win Strategy™ 3.0, Purpose and Values

The Win Strategy 3.0 is Parker’s business system that defines the goals and initiatives that drive growth, transformation and success. It works with our purpose, which is a foundational element of The Win Strategy, to engage team members and create responsible and sustainable growth.

The Win Strategy has four overarching goals: Engaged People, Customer Experience, Profitable Growth and Financial Performance, supported by our shared values of a Winning Culture, Passionate People, Valued Customers and Engaged Leadership. Our shared values shape our culture and our interactions with stakeholders and the communities in which we operate and live.

Safety
The safety and well-being of Parker team members is our highest priority. Our safety goal is simple: to achieve an incident-free workplace. We have reduced our Recordable Incident Rate by 72% and our Lost Time Incident Rate by 44% from fiscal year 2015 through fiscal year 2022. In fiscal year 2022, the recordable incident rate per 100 team members was 0.39, compared to a recordable incident rate of 0.40 in fiscal year 2021. Our Lost Time Incident Rate in fiscal year 2022 was 0.15, compared to 0.14 per 100 team members in fiscal year 2021 (rates inclusive of recent acquisitions).

Building on the great progress we have made, in 2021 we established new long-term safety goals. We intend to reach our goal of zero recordable incidents by 2030 through our continued focus on team member engagement and accountability, coupled with a strong framework of systems and procedures.

To help support this goal we adopted eight standards aimed at preventing serious safety incidents or an environmental impact. We also developed a new field safety program that provides guidance for team members working outside our facilities to help them identify or anticipate safety risks. Further, for leading indicator corrective action we leverage a globally deployed Gensuite® operating platform in which proactive corrective action is managed and monitored and data analytics are employed to look for trends that can be proactively addressed to eliminate potential injury risk.

We engage team members in improving safety performance through High Performance Teams ("HPTs"). All Parker manufacturing locations have an active, chartered Safety HPT and every value stream has a representative who is responsible for safety within their area of the business. This ownership culture at the manufacturing level is an integral component of our safety program.

Engaged People

Engagement directly influences business performance. We strongly believe in empowering our team members to think as owners and take action to improve their areas of the business. Engagement is deeply ingrained in our culture, and as an overarching goal of The Win Strategy it is key to achieving top quartile financial performance.

Parker activates engagement through our HPTs, which apply the expertise and perspective of team members who are closest to the product and customer to drive improvement throughout the company. Approximately 90% of our people participate in these teams, and more than 6,500 HPTs have already been established worldwide. We closely track our progress toward support of a high performing work environment through our Global Engagement Survey. Our fiscal year 2022 survey achieved a 91% response rate with an overall engagement score of 73%, a score which exceeds our key benchmarking data by 2%.

Talent Development

We have a well-defined talent development program managed through our Talent Central system, which connects all business units globally on a common platform and provides team members with visibility to skill development, career planning and learning opportunities. This shared platform is the catalyst for talent management at Parker.

Our review process enables us to assess talent globally, from early-in-career roles through senior leaders. This review facilitates the identification of key talent and allows us to build meaningful development plans and align career growth opportunities. The talent process is also supported by our Integrated Career System program which illustrates career paths for various roles and the steps to advance through the organization.

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Supplementing the talent development process are Parker’s learning offerings, which help team members expand their professional skills and take ownership of their learning and development. Examples of center-led programs are our annual ethics and compliance training and cyber security training that all team members are required to complete, in addition to programs for developing supervisory and leadership skills. Functional-specific programs include HPT training, lean bootcamps and kaizen event orientations. Local and regional training includes site safety, equipment safety and site quality requirements.

In addition to formal training programs, there are a host of development tools available which include mentoring relationships, coaching and feedback, job shadowing, project bubble assignments and other stretch projects.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion ("DEI")

An inclusive environment is a core tenet of Parker’s values and one of our key measures of success within The Win Strategy. Throughout our history, we have been committed to building a welcoming and inclusive workplace that respects every team member’s unique perspective. Our team members come from a diverse range of personal and professional backgrounds, and their collective talent and expertise is the driving force behind the growth and success we have achieved. Our Commitment to DEI starts with our leadership and is reflected in our CEO’s statement: Continually Build Upon the Diversity, Equity and Inclusion of Our Global Team to be Reflective of the Communities in Which We Do Business.

A component of our DEI focus is to support the development and deployment of Business Resource Groups ("BRGs").
In 2015, we launched Peer W, our first BRG focused on supporting the recruitment, development and retention of women at Parker. Peer W has grown into a well-developed global network of 24 local chapters and established a Mentoring Circles program in 2020. In 2021, we introduced and launched two additional BRGs which are the Nia Network, supporting the attraction, development and retention of Black team members, and Parker Next, dedicated to our team members’ professional growth and personal development.

We have also established four global HPTs focused on Talent Attraction, Talent Development, Governance and Knowledge. Each team is led by a senior executive and tasked with rethinking the way we attract and develop diverse team members, share knowledge and measure our progress in fostering an inclusive culture.

In 2020, Parker appointed its first Vice President of Diversity and Inclusion to lead our continuing journey.

Compensation and Benefits

As a global employer, we are committed to offering competitive compensation and benefits, tailored in form and amount to geography, industry, experience and performance. Our programs are designed to attract team members, motivate and reward performance, drive growth and support retention. We provide benefit programs with the goal of improving physical, mental and financial wellness of our team members throughout their lifetime. Some examples include base and variable pay, health and insurance benefits, paid time off, and retirement saving plans.

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors.
The following "risk factors" identify what we believe to be the risks that could materially adversely affect our financial and/or operational performance. These risk factors should be considered and evaluated together with information incorporated by reference or otherwise included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Additional risks not currently known to the Company or that the Company currently believes are immaterial also may impair the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Business and Operational Risks
Risks arising from uncertainty in worldwide and regional economic conditions may harm our business and make it difficult to project long-term performance.
Our business is sensitive to global macro-economic conditions. Future macroeconomic downturns may have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, as well as our distributors, customers and suppliers, and on activity in many of the industries and markets we serve. Among the economic factors which may have such an effect are manufacturing and other end-market activity, global pandemics, currency exchange rates, air travel trends, difficulties entering new markets, tariffs and governmental trade and monetary policies, and general economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates and credit availability. These factors may, among other things, negatively impact our level of purchases, capital expenditures, and creditworthiness, as well as our distributors, customers and suppliers, and, therefore, the Company’s revenues, operating profits, margins, and order rates.
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We cannot predict changes in worldwide or regional economic conditions and government policies, as such conditions are highly volatile and beyond our control. If these conditions deteriorate or remain at depressed levels for extended periods, however, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
As a global business, we are exposed to economic, political and other risks in different countries in which we operate, which could materially reduce our sales, profitability or cash flows, or materially increase our liabilities.
Our net sales derived from customers outside the United States were approximately 39 percent in 2022, 40 percent in 2021 and 37 percent in 2020. In addition, many of our manufacturing operations and suppliers are located outside the United States. The Company expects net sales from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of its total net sales. Our non-U.S. operations are subject to risks in addition to those facing our domestic operations, including:
fluctuations in currency exchange rates and/or changes in monetary policy;
public health crises, including pandemics;
limitations on ownership and on repatriation of earnings;
transportation delays and other supply chain disruptions;
political, social and economic instability and disruptions, including armed conflicts;
government embargoes, sanctions or trade restrictions;
the imposition of duties and tariffs and other trade barriers;
import and export controls;
labor unrest and current and changing regulatory environments;
the potential for nationalization of enterprises;
difficulties in staffing and managing multi-national operations;
limitations on our ability to enforce legal rights and remedies;
potentially adverse tax consequences; and
difficulties in implementing restructuring actions on a timely basis.
If we are unable to successfully manage the risks associated with expanding our global business or adequately manage operational fluctuations internationally, the risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Increased cybersecurity threats and more sophisticated and targeted computer crime have posed and could continue to pose a risk to our information technology systems and a disruption to or breach in the security of such systems, if material, could have adverse effects on our result of operations and financial condition.
We rely extensively on information technology systems to manage and operate our business, some of which are managed by third parties. The security and functionality of these information technology systems, and the processing of data by these systems, are critical to our business operations. If these systems, or any part of the systems, are damaged, intruded upon, attacked, shutdown or cease to function properly (whether by planned upgrades, force majeure, telecommunications failures, criminal acts, including hardware or software break-ins or extortion attempts, or viruses, or other cybersecurity incidents) and we suffer any resulting interruption in our ability to manage and operate our business or if our products are affected, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. Additionally, certain of our employees work remotely at times, which may increase our vulnerability to cyber and other information technology risks. In addition to existing risks, any adoption or deployment of new technologies via acquisitions or internal initiatives may increase our exposure to risks, breaches, or failures, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition. Furthermore, the Company has access to sensitive, confidential, or personal data or information that is subject to privacy and security laws, regulations, or other contractually-imposed controls. Despite our use of reasonable and appropriate controls, security breaches, theft, misplaced, lost or corrupted data, programming, or employee errors and/or malfeasance have led and could in the future lead to the compromise or improper use of such sensitive, confidential, or personal data or information. Such events may result in possible negative consequences, such as fines, ransom demands, penalties, failure to comply with laws governing sensitive data, loss of reputation, intellectual property, competitiveness or customers, increased security and compliance costs or other negative consequences. Further, the amount of insurance coverage that we maintain may be inadequate to cover claims or liabilities relating to a cybersecurity incident. Depending on the nature and magnitude of these events, they may have an adverse impact on our results of operations or financial condition.
Price and supply fluctuations of the raw materials used in our production processes and by our suppliers of component parts could negatively impact our financial results.
Our supply of raw materials could be interrupted for a variety of reasons, including availability and pricing. Furthermore, changes to United States and other countries' tariff and import/export regulations have in the past and may in the future have a negative impact on the availability and pricing of raw materials. Prices for raw materials necessary for production have
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fluctuated significantly in the past and significant increases could adversely affect our results of operations and profit margins. Our efforts to manage these fluctuations by, among other things, passing along price increases to our customers, may be subject to a time delay between the increased raw material prices and our ability to increase the price of our products, or we may be unable to increase the prices of our products due to pricing pressure, contract terms or other factors. Any such inability to manage fluctuations could adversely impact our results of operations and cash flows.
Our suppliers of component parts may significantly and quickly increase their prices in response to increases in costs of raw materials that they use to manufacture the component parts. As a result, we may not be able to increase our prices commensurately with our increased costs. Consequently, our results of operations or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
The novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic has disrupted our operations and could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.
The COVID-19 pandemic, along with the response to the pandemic by governmental and other actors, has disrupted our operations and is expected to continue to negatively impact our operations in the future, which impact may be material. We have experienced, and may continue to experience, mandatory and voluntary facility closures in certain jurisdictions in which we operate. Furthermore, several of our customers temporarily suspended their operations and we have experienced less demand for our products. Disruptions to our customers in the aerospace industry, which is facing diminished demand, have been and may continue to be challenging. Additionally, the COVID-19 outbreak has, and could further, disrupt our supply chain. Facility closures or other restrictions, as well as supply chain disruptions, could materially adversely affect our ability to adequately staff, supply or otherwise maintain our operations. Moreover, because certain of our employees work remotely at times, we may be subject to increased vulnerability to cyber and other information technology risks. We have modified, and may further modify, our business practices in response to the risks and negative impacts associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there can be no assurance that these measures will be temporary or successful.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and its ultimate duration, severity and disruption to our business, customers and supply chain, and the related financial impact to us, cannot be accurately forecasted at this time. Should such disruption continue for an extended period, the adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition could be more severe than previously anticipated. Additionally, weak economic conditions generally as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic could result in impairment in value of our tangible or intangible assets. Furthermore, future public health crises are possible and could involve some or all of the risks discussed above.
Changes in the demand for and supply of our products may adversely affect our financial results, financial condition and cash flow.
Demand for and supply of our products has been and may be adversely affected by numerous factors, some of which we cannot predict or control. Such factors include:
changes in business relationships with and purchases by or from major customers, suppliers or distributors, including delays or cancellations in shipments, disputes regarding contract terms or significant changes in financial condition, and changes in contract cost and revenue estimates for new development programs, including changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
changes in product mix;
changes in the market acceptance of our products;
increased competition in the markets we serve;
declines in the general level of industrial production, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
weakness in the end-markets we serve, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
fluctuations in the availability or the prices of raw materials; and
fluctuations in currency exchange rates.
If any of these factors occur, the demand for and supply of our products could suffer, which could materially adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.
The development of new products and technologies requires substantial investment and is required to remain competitive in the markets we serve. If we are unable to successfully introduce new commercial products, our profitability could be adversely affected.
The markets we serve are characterized by rapidly changing technologies and frequent introductions of new products and services. Our ability to develop new products based on technological innovation can affect our competitive position and often requires the investment of significant resources. If we cannot develop, or have difficulties or delays developing new and enhanced products and services, or if we fail to gain market or regulatory acceptance of new products and technologies, our
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revenues may be materially reduced and our competitive position could be materially adversely affected. In addition, we may invest in research and development of products and services, or in acquisitions or other investments, that do not lead to significant revenue, which could adversely affect our profitability.

Changes in the competitive environment in which we operate may eliminate any competitive advantages that we currently have, which could adversely impact our business.
Our operations are subject to competition from a wide variety of global, regional and local competitors, which could adversely affect our results of operations by creating downward pricing pressure and/or a decline in our margins or market shares. To compete successfully, we must excel in terms of product quality and innovation, technological and engineering capability, manufacturing and distribution capability, delivery, price competitiveness, and customer experience.
We may be required to make material expenditures in order to comply with environmental laws and regulations, and climate change and legal or regulatory measures to address climate change may negatively impact our business.
Our operations necessitate the use and handling of hazardous materials and, as a result, subject us to various U.S. federal, state and local laws and regulations, as well as non-U.S. laws, designed to protect the environment and to regulate the discharge of materials into the environment. These laws impose penalties, fines and other sanctions for non-compliance and liability for response costs, property damages and personal injury resulting from past and current spills, disposals or other releases of, or the exposure to, hazardous materials. Among other laws, we are subject to the U.S. federal "Superfund" law, under which we have been designated as a "potentially responsible party" and may be liable for clean-up costs associated with various waste sites, some of which are on the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund priority list. We could incur substantial costs as a result of non-compliance with or liability for cleanup or other costs or damages under environmental laws, including the "Superfund" law.
In addition, increased worldwide focus on climate change issues has led to legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Increased regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and other climate change concerns could subject us to additional costs and restrictions, including increased energy and raw material costs. We are not able to predict how such regulations would affect our business, operations or financial results, but increased regulation could have a material adverse effect on our business, operations and financial condition.
Further, climate change resulting from increased concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere could present risks to our operations. Extreme weather events linked to climate change, including hurricanes, flooding, wildfires, high heat and water scarcity, among others, create physical risks to our operating locations and supply chains. Although we are working towards and intend to meet our goal of making our own operations carbon neutral by 2040, we may be required to expend significant resources to do so, which could increase our operational costs. Further, there can be no assurance of the extent to which any of our climate-related goals will be achieved, or that any future investments we make in furtherance of achieving our goals will meet customer expectations and needs, investor expectations or market standards regarding sustainability performance.

Strategic Transactions Risks

We are subject to risks relating to the pending acquisition of Meggitt.

On August 2, 2021, we announced our proposed acquisition of Meggitt. Meggitt is a leader in design, manufacturing and aftermarket support of technologically differentiated systems and equipment in aerospace, defense and selected energy markets.

The proposed acquisition of Meggitt would expand the size of our Aerospace Systems Segment relative to our other segment, increasing our susceptibility to conditions in the end markets served by our Aerospace Systems Segment. There are numerous risks and uncertainties associated with the proposed acquisition, including:

completion of the acquisition is subject to a number of conditions, some of which are outside of our control. Among these conditions are the receipt of certain regulatory approvals, including the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period (and any extension thereof) under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvement Act of 1976, as amended;
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the Company’s and Meggitt’s existing business relationships with third parties, including customers and service providers, may be disrupted due to uncertainty associated with the acquisition, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position or those of the combined company;
failure to complete the acquisition could negatively impact our stock price and our future business and financial results;
both we and Meggitt will incur significant transaction costs in connection with the acquisition, which costs may exceed those currently anticipated;
we have substantially increased our indebtedness to pay for the Acquisition and other related fees and expenses;
the COVID-19 pandemic may delay or prevent the completion of the acquisition;
after completion of the acquisition, we may be unable to successfully integrate our and Meggitt’s business and, as a result, may fail to realize the anticipated benefits and cost savings of the transaction in the intended timeframe or at all, which could adversely affect the value of our common stock;
our results after the proposed acquisition of Meggitt may suffer if we do not effectively manage our expanded operations following the acquisition; and
Meggitt may have difficulty retaining, motivating, and attracting executives and other employees in light of the pending acquisition, and failure to do so could harm the company.

Any of the foregoing risks and uncertainties could have a material adverse effect on our earnings, cash flows and financial condition.

We are subject to risks relating to acquisitions and joint ventures, and risks relating to the integration of acquired companies, including risks related to the integration of Lord Corporation ("Lord") and Exotic Metals Forming Company ("Exotic") and the potential acquisition of Meggitt.
We expect to continue our strategy of identifying and acquiring businesses with complementary products and services, and entering into joint ventures, which we believe will enhance our operations and profitability. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to find suitable businesses to purchase or joint venture opportunities, or that we will be able to acquire such businesses or enter into such joint ventures on acceptable terms. Furthermore, there are no assurances that we will be able to avoid acquiring or assuming unexpected liabilities. If we are unable to avoid these risks, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
In addition, we may not be able to integrate successfully any businesses that we purchase into our existing business and it is possible that any acquired businesses or joint ventures may not be profitable. For example, we have devoted significant management attention and resources to integrating the business and operations of Lord and Exotic. We may encounter, or have encountered, the following difficulties during the integration process:
the consequences of a change in tax treatment, including the cost of integration and compliance and the possibility that the full benefits anticipated to result from the acquisitions may not be realized;
delays in the integration of management teams, strategies, operations, products, and services;
differences in business backgrounds, corporate cultures, and management philosophies that may delay successful integration;
the ability to retain key employees;
the ability to create and enforce uniform standards, controls, procedures, policies, and information systems;
challenges of integrating complex systems, technologies, networks, and other assets of the acquired companies in a manner that minimizes any adverse impact or disruptions to customers, suppliers, employees, and other constituencies; and
unknown liabilities and unforeseen increased expenses or delays associated with the integration beyond current estimates.
The successful integration of new businesses and the success of joint ventures also depend on our ability to manage these new businesses and cut excess costs. If we are unable to avoid these risks, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
Our results may be adversely affected if expanded operations from the acquisition of Lord and Exotic, and the potential acquisition of Meggitt, are not effectively managed.
Our recent acquisitions have greatly expanded the size and complexity of our business. Our future success depends, in part, on the ability to manage this expanded business, which may pose or has posed substantial challenges for management,
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including challenges related to the management and monitoring of the expanded global operations and new manufacturing processes and products, and the associated costs and complexity. There can be no assurance of successful management of these matters or that we will realize the expected benefits of the acquisitions.
The Company may be subject to risks relating to organizational changes.
We regularly execute organizational changes such as acquisitions, divestitures and realignments to support our growth and cost management strategies. We also engage in initiatives aimed to increase productivity, efficiencies and cash flow and to reduce costs. The Company commits significant resources to identify, develop and retain key employees to ensure uninterrupted leadership and direction. If we are unable to successfully manage these and other organizational changes, the ability to complete such activities and realize anticipated synergies or cost savings as well as our results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. We cannot offer assurances that any of these initiatives will be beneficial to the extent anticipated, or that the estimated efficiency improvements, incremental cost savings or cash flow improvements will be realized as anticipated or at all.
Financial Risks
Increasing costs of certain employee and retiree benefits could adversely affect our liability for such benefits.
The funding requirements and the amount of expenses recorded for our defined benefit pension plans are dependent on changes in market interest rates and the value of plan assets, which are dependent on actual plan asset returns. Significant changes in market interest rates and decreases in the fair value of plan assets and investment losses on plan assets would increase funding requirements and expenses and may adversely impact our results of operations.
The Company absorbs a portion of healthcare costs for its employees. If healthcare costs rise significantly and we continue to absorb the majority of these costs, these increasing costs may adversely impact our future results of operations.
Additional liabilities relating to changes in tax rates or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could adversely impact our financial condition and cash flow.
We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and various non-U.S. jurisdictions. Our domestic and international tax liabilities are dependent upon the location of earnings among these different jurisdictions. Our future financial condition and cash flow could be adversely affected by changes in effective tax rate as a result of changes in tax laws and judicial or regulatory interpretation thereof, the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in overall profitability, changes in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), or changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets. In addition, the amount of income taxes paid by the Company is subject to ongoing audits by U.S. federal, state and local tax authorities and by non-U.S. tax authorities. If these audits result in assessments different from estimated amounts, future financial results may include unfavorable adjustments to the Company’s tax liabilities, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and cash flow.
Our indebtedness and restrictive covenants under our credit facilities could limit our operational and financial flexibility.
We have incurred significant indebtedness, and may incur additional debt for acquisitions, operations, research and development and capital expenditures, or for other reasons related to our overall capital deployment strategy. Our ability to make interest and scheduled principal payments and meet restrictive covenants could be adversely impacted by changes in the availability, terms and cost of capital, changes in interest rates or changes in our credit ratings or our outlook. These changes could increase our cost of financing and limit our debt capacity, thereby limiting our ability to pursue acquisition opportunities, react to market conditions and meet operational and capital needs, which may place us at a competitive disadvantage.
We carry goodwill on our balance sheet, which is subject to impairment testing and could subject us to significant non-cash charges to earnings in the future if impairment occurs.
We have goodwill recorded on our balance sheet. Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested for impairment annually in the second quarter or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment may exist. Factors that could indicate that our goodwill is impaired include a decline in our stock price and market capitalization, lower than projected operating results and cash flows, and slower growth rates in our industry. Declines in our stock price, lower operating results and any decline in industry conditions in the future could increase the risk of impairment. Impairment testing incorporates our estimates of future operating results and cash flows, estimates of allocations of certain assets and cash flows among reporting units, estimates of future growth rates, and our judgment regarding the applicable discount rates used on estimated operating
15

results and cash flows. If we determine at a future time that further impairment exists, it may result in a significant non-cash charge to earnings and lower stockholders’ equity.
Legal and Regulatory Risks
As a provider of products to the U.S. government, we are subject to additional risks related to future government spending as well as unusual performance conditions and enhanced compliance risks.
In addition to the risks identified herein, doing business with the U.S. government subjects us to unusual risks, including dependence on the level of government spending and compliance with and changes in governmental acquisition regulations. Agreements relating to the sale of products to government entities may be subject to termination, reduction or modification, either at the convenience of the government or for our failure to perform, or other unsatisfactory performance under the applicable contract. We are subject to government investigations of our business practices and compliance with government acquisition regulations. If the Company were charged with wrongdoing as a result of any such investigation, it could be suspended from bidding on or receiving awards of new government contracts, and we could be subject to fines or penalties associated with contract non-compliance or resulting from such investigations, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Litigation and legal and regulatory proceedings against the Company could decrease our liquidity, impair our financial condition and adversely affect our results of operations.
From time to time, we are subject to litigation or other commercial disputes and other legal and regulatory proceedings relating to our business. Due to the inherent uncertainties of any litigation, commercial disputes or other legal or regulatory proceedings, we cannot accurately predict their ultimate outcome, including the outcome of any related appeals. An unfavorable outcome could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, as required by U.S. GAAP, we establish reserves based on our assessment of contingencies, including contingencies related to legal claims asserted against us. Subsequent developments in legal proceedings may affect our assessment and estimates of the loss contingency recorded as a reserve and require us to make payments in excess of our reserves, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
We are subject to national and international laws and regulations, such as the anti-corruption laws of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act, relating to our business and our employees. Despite our policies, procedures and compliance programs, our internal controls and compliance systems may not be able to protect the Company from prohibited acts willfully committed by our employees, agents or business partners that would violate such applicable laws and regulations. Any such improper acts could damage the Company's reputation, subject us to civil or criminal judgments, fines or penalties, and could otherwise disrupt the Company's business, and as a result, could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Further, our operations are subject to certain antitrust and competition laws in the jurisdictions in which we conduct our business, in particular the United States and Europe. These laws prohibit, among other things, anticompetitive agreements and practices. If any of our commercial agreements or practices are found to violate or infringe such laws, we may be subject to civil and other penalties. We may also be subject to third-party claims for damages. Further, agreements that infringe antitrust and competition laws may be void and unenforceable, in whole or in part, or require modification in order to be lawful and enforceable. Accordingly, any violation of these laws could harm our reputation and could have a material adverse effect on our earnings, cash flows and financial condition.
Due to the nature of our business and products, we may be liable for damages based on product liability claims.
Our businesses expose us to potential product liability risks that are inherent in the design, manufacture and sale of our products and the products of third-party vendors that we use or resell. Significant product liability claims could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, liquidity and results of operations. Although we currently maintain what we believe to be suitable and adequate product liability insurance, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our insurance on acceptable terms or that our insurance will provide adequate protection against all potential significant liabilities.

Failure to protect our intellectual property and know-how could reduce or eliminate any competitive advantage and reduce our sales and profitability, and the cost of protecting our intellectual property may be significant.
Protecting our intellectual property is critical to our innovation efforts. We own a number of patents, trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, trade names and other forms of intellectual property related to our products and services throughout the world and in the operation of our business. We also have exclusive and non-exclusive rights to intellectual property owned by others. Our intellectual property may be challenged, stolen or otherwise infringed upon by third parties or we may be unable to
16

maintain, renew or enter into new license agreements with third-party owners of intellectual property on reasonable terms. In addition, the global nature of our business increases the risk that our intellectual property may be subject to infringement, theft or other unauthorized use or disclosure by others. In some cases, our ability to protect our intellectual property rights by legal recourse or otherwise may be limited, particularly in countries where laws or enforcement practices are inadequate or undeveloped. And the cost of enforcing our rights may be significant. Unauthorized use or disclosure of our intellectual property rights or our inability to protect our intellectual property rights could lead to reputational harm and/or adversely impact our competitive position and results of operations.
ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments. None.
ITEM 1C. Information about our Executive Officers.
Our executive officers as of August 15, 2022, were as follows:
NamePosition
Officer
Since(1)
Age as of
8/15/22
Thomas L. WilliamsChairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director200563 
Lee C. BanksVice Chairman and President and Director200159 
Jennifer A. ParmentierChief Operating Officer201555 
Todd M. LeombrunoExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer201752 
Mark J. HartExecutive Vice President – Human Resources & External Affairs201657 
Rachid BendaliVice President and President – Engineered Materials Group202245 
William R. "Skip" BowmanVice President and President - Instrumentation Group201664 
Berend BrachtVice President and President – Motion Systems Group202156 
Mark T. CzajaVice President - Chief Technology and Innovation Officer202160 
Angela R. IvesVice President and Controller202149 
Thomas C. GentileVice President – Global Supply Chain201750 
Joseph R. LeontiVice President, General Counsel and Secretary201450 
Robert W. MaloneVice President and President – Filtration Group201458 
Dinu J. ParelVice President and Chief Digital and Information Officer201841 
Andrew D. RossVice President and President – Fluid Connectors Group201255 
Roger S. SherrardVice President and President – Aerospace Group200356 
(1)Executive officers are elected by the Board of Directors to serve for a term of one year or until their respective successors are elected, except in the case of death, resignation or removal. Messrs. Williams, Banks, Bowman, Gentile, Hart, Leonti, Malone, Ross and Sherrard have served in the executive capacities indicated above during each of the past five years.
Mr. Williams has been a Director since January 2015; Chief Executive Officer since February 2015; and Chairman of the Board since January 2016. He was an Executive Vice President from August 2008 to February 2015 and an Operating Officer from November 2006 to February 2015. He is also a Director of The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company.
Mr. Banks has been a Director since January 2015 and Vice Chairman and President since August 2021. He was President and Chief Operating Officer from February 2015 to August 2021. He was an Executive Vice President from August 2008 to February 2015 and an Operating Officer from November 2006 to February 2015. He is also a Director of Wabtec Corporation.
Ms. Parmentier has been Chief Operating Officer since August 2021. She was Vice President and President of the Motion Systems Group from February 2019 to August 2021. She was Vice President and President of the Engineered Materials Group from September 2015 to February 2019. She was General Manager of the Hose Products Division from May 2014 to September 2015; and General Manager of the Sporlan Division from May 2012 to May 2014. She is also a Director of Nordson Corporation.
Mr. Hart has been Executive Vice President - Human Resources & External Affairs since January 2016. He was Vice President - Total Rewards from August 2013 to January 2016.
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Mr. Leombruno has been Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since January 2021. He was Vice President and Controller from July 2017 to January 2021. He was Vice President and Controller - Engineered Materials Group from January 2015 to June 2017; and Director of Investor Relations from June 2012 to December 2014.
Mr. Bendali has been Vice President and President of the Engineered Materials Group since August 2022. He joined the Company as part of the LORD acquisition in October 2019, when he was named General Manager of the Noise, Vibration and Harshness Division. In September 2021, he was named Vice President of Operations for the Engineered Materials Group with responsibility for multiple divisions. Prior to joining Parker, in 2015 he became leader of LORD's global Aerospace and Defense commercial function based in Cary, North Carolina and was later named Vice President with responsibility for Aerospace and Defense sales, marketing and programs. Lord is a diversified technology and manufacturing company developing highly reliable adhesives and coatings as well as vibration and motion control technologies.
Mr. Bowman has been Vice President and President - Instrumentation Group since September 2016. He was Vice President, Operations - Filtration Group from March 2015 to August 2016; and Vice President, Operations - Fluid Connectors Group from November 2007 to February 2015.
Mr. Bracht has been Vice President and President of the Motion Systems Group since August 2021. He was Vice President of Operations of the Engineered Materials Group since joining the Company in July 2018. He was President and Chief Executive Officer of Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC from 2015 to 2018. Bendix designs, develops and supplies products under the Bendix brand name for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, tractors, trailers, buses, and other commercial vehicles throughout North America. Prior to Bendix, he held several executive leadership positions during his 24-year career at Bosch Rexroth, including President and Chief Executive Officer of Bosch Rexroth Americas.
Mr. Czaja has been Vice President - Chief Technology and Innovation Officer since January 2021. He was Vice President of Technology and Innovation - Motion Systems Group from August 2019 to December 2020; Vice President of Technology and Innovation - Aerospace Group from August 2004 to July 2019; and Division Engineering Director from October 2000 to July 2004.
Mr. Gentile has been Vice President - Global Supply Chain since July 2017. He was General Manager of the Company's Process Filtration Division from December 2013 to July 2017 and was Vice President of Supply Chain - Filtration Group from July 2008 to November 2013.
Ms. Ives has been Vice President and Controller since January 2021. She was Vice President, Assistant Controller from September 2020 to December 2020; Group VP Controller for the Instrumentation Group from November 2019 to August 2020; and was Division Controller for the Electromechanical and Drives Division from August 2010 to October 2019.
Mr. Leonti has been Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since July 2014. He was Assistant Secretary from April 2011 to July 2014; and Associate General Counsel from January 2008 to July 2014.
Mr. Malone has been Vice President and President of the Filtration Group since December 2014. He was Vice President - Operations of the Filtration Group from January 2013 to December 2014. He is also a Director of The Manitowoc Company.
Mr. Parel has been Vice President and Chief Digital and Information Officer since October 2020. He was Vice President and Chief Information Officer from October 2018 to October 2020. He was Vice President and Chief Information Officer at Dover Corporation from May 2016 through October 2018. Dover is a diversified global manufacturer that delivers equipment and components, consumable supplies, aftermarket parts, software and digital solutions and support services.
Mr. Ross has been Vice President and President - Fluid Connectors Group since September 2015. He was Vice President and President of the Engineered Materials Group from July 2012 to September 2015.
Mr. Sherrard has been Vice President and President of the Aerospace Group since July 2012. He was President of the Automation Group from March 2005 to July 2012. Prior to that he was President of the Instrumentation Group and has been a Corporate Vice President since November 2003.
ITEM 2. Properties. Our corporate headquarters is located in Cleveland, Ohio, and, at June 30, 2022, the Company maintained approximately 305 manufacturing plants. We also maintain various sales and administrative offices and distribution centers throughout the world. None of these manufacturing plants, administrative offices or distribution centers are individually material to our operations. The facilities are situated in 37 states within the United States and in 44 other countries. We own the majority of our manufacturing plants, and our leased properties primarily consist of sales and administrative offices and distribution centers.
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We believe that our properties have been adequately maintained, are in good condition generally and are suitable and adequate for our business as presently conducted. The extent to which we utilize our properties varies by property and from time to time. We believe that our restructuring efforts have brought capacity levels closer to present and anticipated needs. Most of our manufacturing facilities remain capable of handling volume increases.
ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings. None. From time to time we are involved in matters that involve governmental authorities as a party under federal, state and local laws that have been enacted or adopted regulating the discharge of materials into the environment or primarily for the purpose of protecting the environment. We will report such matters that exceed, or that we reasonably believe may exceed, $1.0 million or more in monetary sanctions.
ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. Not applicable.
PART II

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
(a)Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity. The Company’s common stock is listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "PH". As of July 31, 2022, the number of shareholders of record of the Company was 3,236.
(b)Use of Proceeds. Not Applicable.
(c)    Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Period(a) Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
(b) Average
Price Paid
Per Share
(c) Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs (1)
(d) Maximum Number
(or Approximate
Dollar Value) of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
April 1, 2022 through April 30, 202257,100 $278.79 57,100 8,544,450 
May 1, 2022 through May 31, 202263,000 $267.56 63,000 8,481,450 
June 1, 2022 through June 30, 202266,288 $259.79 66,288 8,415,162 
Total186,388 186,388 
(1)On October 22, 2014, the Company publicly announced that the Board of Directors increased the overall maximum number of shares authorized for repurchase under the Company's share repurchase program, first announced on August 16, 1990, so that, beginning on October 22, 2014, the maximum aggregate number of shares authorized for repurchase was 35 million shares. There is no limitation on the amount of shares that can be repurchased in a fiscal year. There is no expiration date for this program.
ITEM 6. [Reserved]
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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Forward-Looking Statements

Forward-looking statements contained in this and other written and oral reports are made based on known events and circumstances at the time of release, and as such, are subject in the future to unforeseen uncertainties and risks. Often but not always, these statements may be identified from the use of forward-looking terminology such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “potential,” “continues,” “plans,” “forecasts,” “estimates,” “projects,” “predicts,” “would,” “intends,” “expects,” “targets,” “is likely,” “will,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions, and include all statements regarding future performance, earnings projections, events or developments. Neither the Company nor any of its respective associates or directors, officers or advisers, provides any representation, assurance or guarantee that the occurrence of the events expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements in this document will actually occur. The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on these statements. It is possible that the future performance and earnings projections of the Company, including its individual segments, may differ materially from past performance or current expectations, depending on economic conditions within its mobile, industrial and aerospace markets, and the Company’s ability to maintain and achieve anticipated benefits associated with announced realignment activities, strategic initiatives to improve operating margins, actions taken to combat the effects of the current economic environment, and growth, innovation and global diversification initiatives. Additionally, the actual impact of changes in tax laws in the United States and foreign jurisdictions and any judicial or regulatory interpretation thereof on future performance and earnings projections may impact the Company’s tax calculations. A change in the economic conditions in individual markets may have a particularly volatile effect on segment performance.

Among other factors which may affect future performance are:

changes in business relationships with and purchases by or from major customers, suppliers or distributors, including delays or cancellations in shipments;
disputes regarding contract terms or significant changes in financial condition, changes in contract cost and revenue estimates for new development programs and changes in product mix;
the impact of the global outbreak of COVID-19 and governmental and other actions taken in response;
ability to identify acceptable strategic acquisition targets; uncertainties surrounding timing, successful completion or integration of acquisitions and similar transactions, including the integration of Lord and Exotic and the proposed acquisition of Meggitt; and our ability to effectively manage expanded operations from the acquisitions of Lord and Exotic and the proposed acquisition of Meggitt;
the ability to successfully divest businesses planned for divestiture and realize the anticipated benefits of such divestitures;
the determination to undertake business realignment activities and the expected costs thereof and, if undertaken, the ability to complete such activities and realize the anticipated cost savings from such activities;
ability to implement successfully capital allocation initiatives, including timing, price and execution of share repurchases;
availability, limitations or cost increases of raw materials, component products and/or commodities that cannot be recovered in product pricing;
ability to manage costs related to insurance and employee retirement and health care benefits;
legal and regulatory developments and changes;
additional liabilities relating to changes in tax rates or exposure to additional income tax liabilities;
ability to enter into, own, renew, protect and maintain intellectual property and know-how;
leverage and future debt service obligations;
potential impairment of goodwill;
compliance costs associated with environmental laws and regulations;
potential labor disruptions or shortages;
uncertainties surrounding the ultimate resolution of outstanding legal proceedings, including the outcome of any appeals;
global competitive market conditions, including U.S. trade policies and resulting effects on sales and pricing;
global economic factors, including manufacturing activity, air travel trends, currency exchange rates, difficulties entering new markets and general economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates, credit availability and changes in consumer habits and preferences;
local and global political and economic conditions, including the Russia-Ukraine war and its residual effects;
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inability to obtain, or meet conditions imposed for, required governmental and regulatory approvals;
government actions and natural phenomena such as pandemics, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes or other natural phenomena that may be related to climate change;
increased cyber security threats and sophisticated computer crime; and
success of business and operating initiatives.

The Company makes these statements as of the date of the filing of its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2022, and undertakes no obligation to update them unless otherwise required by law.

Overview
The Company is a global leader in motion and control technologies. For more than a century, the Company has engineered the success of its customers in a wide range of diversified industrial and aerospace markets.

By aligning around our purpose, Enabling Engineering Breakthroughs that Lead to a Better Tomorrow, Parker is better positioned for the challenges and opportunities of tomorrow.

The Win Strategy 3.0 is Parker's business system that defines the goals and initiatives that drive growth, transformation and success. It works with our purpose, which is a foundational element of The Win Strategy, to engage team members and create responsible and sustainable growth. Our shared values shape our culture and our interactions with stakeholders and the communities in which we operate and live.

We believe many opportunities for profitable growth are available. The Company intends to focus primarily on business opportunities in the areas of energy, water, food, environment, defense, life sciences, infrastructure and transportation. We believe we can meet our strategic objectives by:

Serving the customer and continuously enhancing its experience with the Company;
Successfully executing The Win Strategy initiatives relating to engaged people, premier customer experience, profitable growth and financial performance;
Maintaining a decentralized division and sales company structure;
Fostering a safety-first and entrepreneurial culture;
Engineering innovative systems and products to provide superior customer value through improved service, efficiency and productivity;
Delivering products, systems and services that have demonstrable savings to customers and are priced by the value they deliver;
Enabling a sustainable future by providing innovative technology solutions that offer a positive, global environmental impact and operating responsibly by reducing our energy use and emissions;
Acquiring strategic businesses;
Organizing around targeted regions, technologies and markets;
Driving efficiency by implementing lean enterprise principles; and
Creating a culture of empowerment through our values, inclusion and diversity, accountability and teamwork.

Our order rates provide a near-term perspective of the Company's outlook particularly when viewed in the context of prior and future order rates. The Company publishes its order rates on a quarterly basis. The lead time between the time an order is received and revenue is realized generally ranges from one day to 12 weeks for mobile and industrial orders and from one day to 18 months for aerospace orders.
Recent events impacting our business include the Russia-Ukraine war and COVID-19 pandemic and their residual effects, including the inflationary cost environment as well as disruption within the global supply chain, labor markets and aerospace industry. In compliance with international sanctions, we immediately suspended all shipments to and from Russia and, in March 2022, we closed our office and warehouse facility in Moscow. We do not expect our exit of business operations in Russia to materially impact future business, operations or financial results.
Despite disruption within the aerospace industry, including ongoing travel restrictions, commercial aerospace demand is beginning to recover. We are managing the challenging supply chain environment through our "local for local" manufacturing strategy, ongoing supplier management process, and broadened supply base. We are also managing the inflationary cost environment through a variety of cost and pricing measures, including continuous improvement and lean initiatives. Additionally, we are strategically managing our workforce and discretionary spending. At the same time, we are appropriately addressing the ongoing needs of our business so that we may continue to serve our customers.
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We continue to prioritize the safety of our team members. To minimize the spread of COVID-19 in our workplaces, we implemented heightened prevention, screening and hygiene protocols. Our actions have varied depending on the spread of COVID-19 in the communities in which we operate, applicable government requirements and the needs of our employees, customers and business.
Over the long term, the extent to which our business and results of operations will be impacted by the economic and political uncertainty resulting from the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID-19 pandemic depends on future developments that remain uncertain. These developments include the duration of the supply chain and labor market constraints, the severity and duration of the Russia-Ukraine war and related sanctions, distribution and continuing effectiveness of vaccines, the severity and spread of COVID-19 and its variants and mitigating actions by government authorities. Additionally, while these events and other global economic factors have led to an increased inflationary environment, we will continue to monitor and manage inflation to minimize its impact on our business, operations, and financial results.
As previously announced, on March 14, 2022, we detected that an unauthorized party gained access to our systems. After securing our network and concluding our investigation, we found that the data exfiltrated during the incident included personal information of our team members. We have notified individuals whose personal information was involved and offered them credit monitoring services. We have also provided notification regarding the incident to the appropriate regulatory authorities. A consolidated class action lawsuit has been filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio against the Company over the incident. Based on our ongoing assessments, the incident has not had a significant financial or operational impact and has not had a material impact on our business, operations or financial results.
The discussion below is structured to separately discuss the Consolidated Statement of Income, Business Segments, and Liquidity and Capital Resources. The term "year" and references to specific years refer to the applicable fiscal year. Discussion of the 2020 financial statements is included in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

The Consolidated Statement of Income summarizes the Company's operating performance. The discussion below compares the operating performance in 2022 and 2021.
(dollars in millions)20222021
Net sales$15,862 $14,348 
Gross profit margin28.2 %27.2 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses$1,627 $1,527 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percent of sales10.3 %10.6 %
Interest expense$255 $250 
Other expense (income), net985 (17)
Gain on disposal of assets(7)(109)
Effective tax rate18.5 %22.3 %
Net income attributable to common shareholders$1,316 $1,746 
Net sales in 2022 increased from the 2021 amount due to higher volume in both the Diversified Industrial and Aerospace Systems Segments. The effect of currency rate changes decreased net sales in 2022 by approximately $255 million, substantially all of which is attributable to the Diversified Industrial International businesses.
Gross profit margin (calculated as net sales less cost of sales, divided by net sales) increased in 2022 primarily due to higher margins in both the Aerospace Systems and Diversified Industrial Segments. The increase in gross profit margin is primarily due to higher sales volume and benefits from continuous improvement initiatives, as well as price increases, partially offset by increased freight, material and labor costs resulting from the ongoing inflationary environment and disruption within the global supply chain and labor markets. Cost of sales included net foreign currency transaction gains of $40 million and $11 million in 2022 and 2021, respectively. Cost of sales also included business realignment and acquisition integration charges of $9 million in 2022 compared to $35 million in 2021.
Selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") increased in 2022 primarily due to acquisition-related transaction costs of $44 million as well as higher net expense from the Company's deferred compensation plan and related investments and higher professional fees and related expenses. SG&A also included business realignment and acquisition integration charges of $10 million and $23 million in 2022 and 2021, respectively.
22

Interest expense in 2022 increased primarily due to higher average debt outstanding, partially offset by lower average interest rates.
Other expense (income), net included the following:
(dollars in millions)20222021
Expense (income)
Income related to equity method investments$(76)$(41)
Non-service components of retirement benefit cost4 49 
Acquisition-related financing fees52 — 
Loss on deal-contingent forward contracts1,015 — 
Russia liquidation8 — 
Other items, net(18)(25)
$985 $(17)
Acquisition-related financing fees in 2022 relate to the bridge credit agreement (the "Bridge Credit Agreement") fees associated with the proposed Acquisition. Refer to Notes 3 and 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Loss on deal-contingent forward contracts in 2022 includes an unrealized loss on the deal-contingent forward contracts related to the proposed Acquisition. Refer to Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Gain on disposal of assets in 2021 primarily consists of a gain of $101 million on the sale of land.
Effective tax rate in 2022 was lower than 2021 primarily due to an overall increase in discrete tax benefits.
BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Business Segment information presents sales and operating income on a basis that is consistent with the manner in which the Company's various businesses are managed for internal review and decision-making.
Diversified Industrial Segment
(dollars in millions)20222021
Net Sales
North America$7,703 $6,676 
International5,639 5,284 
Operating income
North America1,515 1,247 
International$1,178 $988 
Operating income as a percent of sales
North America19.7 %18.7 %
International20.9 %18.7 %
Backlog$4,510 $3,239 

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The Diversified Industrial Segment operations experienced the following percentage changes in net sales:
2022
Diversified Industrial North America – as reported15.4 %
Currency0.1 %
Diversified Industrial North America – without currency1
15.3 %
Diversified Industrial International – as reported6.7 %
Currency(4.9)%
Diversified Industrial International – without currency1
11.6 %
Total Diversified Industrial Segment – as reported11.6 %
Currency(2.0)%
Total Diversified Industrial Segment – without currency1
13.6 %
1The above presentation reconciles the percentage changes in net sales of the Diversified Industrial Segment reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP to percentage changes in net sales adjusted to remove the effects of currency exchange rates (a non-GAAP measure). The effects of currency exchange rates are removed to allow investors and the Company to meaningfully evaluate the percentage changes in net sales on a comparable basis from period to period.
Net Sales
Diversified Industrial North America - Sales in 2022 for the Diversified Industrial North American businesses increased 15.4 percent from 2021. The effect of currency exchange rates increased sales by approximately $7 million. Excluding the effect of currency rate changes, sales in 2022 for the Diversified Industrial North American businesses increased 15.3 percent from prior-year levels reflecting higher demand from distributors and end users in virtually all markets, including, the farm and agriculture, life sciences, heavy-duty truck, construction equipment, engines, refrigeration, material handling, metal fabrication, and semiconductor markets.
Diversified Industrial International - Sales in the Diversified Industrial International businesses increased 6.7 percent in 2022. The effect of currency rate changes decreased sales by $256 million, reflecting the strengthening of the U.S. dollar primarily against currencies in the Eurozone countries, Turkey and Japan. Excluding the effect of currency rate changes, sales in 2022 for the Diversified Industrial International businesses increased 11.6 percent from 2021 levels. During 2022, Europe, the Asia Pacific region, and Latin America accounted for approximately 70 percent, 20 percent, and 10 percent, respectively, of the increase in sales.
Within Europe, the increase in sales was primarily due to higher demand from distributors and end users in the construction equipment, heavy-duty truck, industrial machinery, life sciences, machine tool, mining, material handling, engines, and forestry markets, partially offset by a decrease in end-user demand in the cars and light trucks, semiconductor, telecommunications, and oil and gas markets.
Within the Asia Pacific region, the increase in sales was primarily due to higher demand from distributors and end users in the semiconductor, refrigeration, industrial machinery, life sciences, and machine tool markets, partially offset by a decrease in end-user demand in the engines, power generation, heavy-duty truck, railroad equipment, and material handling markets.
Within Latin America, the increase in sales was primarily due to higher demand from distributors and end users in the farm and agriculture, cars and light trucks, mining, heavy-duty truck, construction equipment, and industrial machinery markets, partially offset by a decrease in end-user demand in the power generation and life sciences markets.
Operating Margin
Operating margins in 2022 increased in both the North American and International businesses primarily due to higher sales volume and benefits from continuous improvement initiatives, as well as price increases. These increases were partially offset by increased operating costs, including higher freight, material, and labor costs resulting from the ongoing disruption within the current supply chain environment and labor market. In addition, within the International businesses, operating margin in 2022 benefited from savings related to prior-year restructuring actions.

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Business Realignment
The following business realignment and acquisition integration charges are included in Diversified Industrial North America and Diversified Industrial International operating income:
(dollars in millions)20222021
Diversified Industrial North America$4 $14 
Diversified Industrial International14 36 

In both fiscal 2022 and 2021, business realignment charges included severance costs related to actions taken under the Company's simplification initiative aimed at reducing organizational and process complexity, as well as plant closures. During fiscal 2021, business realignment charges primarily consisted of actions taken to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business. Acquisition integration charges relate to the 2020 acquisition of Lord. Business realignment and acquisition integration charges within the Diversified Industrial International businesses were primarily incurred in Europe.

We anticipate that cost savings realized from the workforce reduction measures taken during 2022 will increase operating income in 2023 by approximately one percent in the Diversified Industrial International businesses and will not materially impact operating income in the Diversified Industrial North American businesses. In 2023, we expect to continue to take actions necessary to structure appropriately the operations of the Diversified Industrial Segment. These actions are expected to result in approximately $31 million in business realignment charges in 2023. However, continually changing business conditions could impact the ultimate costs we incur.

During 2022, we also incurred $6 million of expense within the Diversified Industrial International businesses as a result of our exit of business operations in Russia. These charges primarily consist of write-downs of inventory and other working capital items.
Backlog
The increase in Diversified Industrial Segment backlog in 2022 was primarily due to orders exceeding shipments in both the North American and International businesses. Backlog within the North American and International businesses accounted for approximately 75 percent and 25 percent of the change, respectively. Within the International business, the Asia Pacific region, Europe and Latin America accounted for approximately 60 percent, 30 percent, and 10 percent of the change, respectively. Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale.
Aerospace Systems Segment
(dollars in millions)20222021
Sales$2,520 $2,388 
Operating income501 403 
Operating income as a percent of sales19.9 %16.9 %
Backlog$3,340 $3,264 

Sales
Aerospace Systems Segment sales in 2022 were higher than the 2021 level primarily due to higher commercial aftermarket and OEM volume, partially offset by lower military OEM and aftermarket volume.
Operating Margin
Aerospace Systems Segment operating margin increased in 2022 primarily due to higher sales volume, favorable commercial aftermarket product mix, higher aftermarket profitability as well as lower unfunded engineering development expenses. These benefits were partially offset by challenges created by the ongoing inflationary environment, disruption within the supply chain and labor markets as well as unfavorable commercial OEM product mix.
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Business Realignment
During 2022, we incurred $7 million of expense within the Aerospace Systems Segment as a result of our exit of business operations in Russia. These charges primarily consist of write-downs of inventory and other working capital items.
We expect to incur approximately $4 million in business realignment charges in 2023. However, continually changing business conditions could impact the ultimate costs we incur. The amount of acquisition integration charges we will incur in 2023 is dependent upon the timing of closing of the proposed Acquisition.
Backlog
The increase in Aerospace Systems Segment backlog in 2022 was primarily due to orders exceeding shipments in the commercial OEM and aftermarket businesses, partially offset by shipments exceeding orders in the military OEM and aftermarket businesses. Backlog consists of written firm orders from a customer to deliver products and, in the case of blanket purchase orders, only includes the portion of the order for which a schedule or release date has been agreed to with the customer. The dollar value of backlog is equal to the amount that is expected to be billed to the customer and reported as a sale.
Corporate general & administrative expenses
(dollars in millions)20222021
Expense (income)
Corporate general and administrative expense$220 $178 
Corporate general and administrative expense, as a percent of sales1.4 %1.2 %
Corporate general and administrative expenses increased in 2022 primarily due to higher net expense from the Company's deferred compensation plan and related investments, higher professional fees and related expenses as well as higher incentive compensation expense. These expenses were partially offset by lower pension expense.
Other expense (income) (in Business Segments)
(dollars in millions)20222021
Expense (income)
Foreign currency transaction$(40)$(11)
Stock-based compensation63 61 
Pensions(16)22 
Acquisition-related expenses96 
Loss on deal-contingent forward contracts1,015 — 
Gain on disposal of assets(7)(109)
Russia liquidation7 — 
Other items, net(12)(5)
$1,106 $(37)
Foreign currency transaction primarily relates to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates on cash, marketable securities and other investments and intercompany transactions.
Acquisition-related expenses in 2022 include Bridge Credit Agreement financing fees and transaction costs related to the proposed Acquisition. Refer to Notes 3 and 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Loss on deal-contingent forward contracts in 2022 includes an unrealized loss on the deal-contingent forward contracts related to the proposed Acquisition. Refer to Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Gain on disposal of assets in 2021 primarily consists of a gain of $101 million on the sale of land.
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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
We believe that we are great generators and deployers of cash. We assess our liquidity in terms of our ability to generate cash to fund our operations and meet our strategic capital deployment objectives, which include the following:
Continuing our record annual dividend increases
Investing in organic growth and productivity
Strategic acquisitions that strengthen our portfolio
Offset share dilution through 10b5-1 share repurchase program

Cash Flows

A summary of cash flows follows:
(dollars in millions)20222021
Cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$2,442 $2,575 
Investing activities(419)— 
Financing activities3,916 (2,623)
Effect of exchange rates(24)96 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash$5,915 $48 

Cash flows from operating activities were $2,442 million in 2022 compared to $2,575 million in 2021. This decrease of $133 million was primarily related to net income and cash provided by working capital items, which decreased $431 million and increased $557 million, respectively. After consideration of the non-cash impact of the deal-contingent forward contracts, which increased cash provided by working capital items by $1,015 million and decreased net income by $775 million in 2022, cash flow from operations in 2022 decreased primarily due to a decrease in cash provided by working capital items of $458 million, partially offset by an increase in net income of $344 million. Refer to Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of the deal-contingent forward contracts.

Days sales outstanding relating to trade receivables for the Company was 51 days in 2022 and 50 days in 2021.
Days supply of inventory on hand was 77 days in 2022 and 75 days in 2021.

Cash flows from investing activities in 2022 and 2021 were impacted by the following factors:
Net maturities of marketable securities of $4 million in 2022 compared to $45 million in 2021.
Capital expenditures of $230 million in 2022 compared to $210 million in 2021.
Net proceeds from the sale of land of approximately $111 million in 2021.
Cash collateral paid of $250 million in 2022 per the credit support annex ("CSA") attached to the deal-contingent forward contracts. Refer to Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Cash flows from financing activities in 2022 and 2021 were impacted by the following factors:
Repurchases of 1.3 million common shares for $380 million during 2022 compared to repurchases of 0.3 million common shares for $100 million during 2021.
Net proceeds from Senior Notes issuance of $3,576 million in 2022 compared to term loan repayments of $1,210 million in 2021. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Net commercial paper borrowings of $1,422 million in 2022 compared to net commercial paper repayments of $723 million in 2021.
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Cash Requirements
We are actively monitoring our liquidity position and remain focused on managing our inventory and other working capital requirements. We are continuing to target two percent of sales for capital expenditures and are prioritizing those related to safety and strategic investments. We believe that cash generated from operations and our commercial paper program will satisfy our operating needs for the foreseeable future.
We have committed cash outflow related to long-term debt, operating lease agreements, and postretirement benefit obligations. Refer to Notes 10, 11, and 12 respectively, of Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Dividends
Dividends have been paid for 288 consecutive quarters, including a yearly increase in dividends for the last 66 years. The current annual dividend rate is $5.32 per common share.
Share Repurchases
The Company has a program to repurchase its common shares. On October 22, 2014, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an increase in the overall number of shares authorized to repurchase under the program so that, beginning on such date, the aggregate number of shares authorized for repurchase was 35 million. There is no limitation on the number of shares that can be repurchased in a year. Repurchases may be funded primarily from operating cash flows and commercial paper borrowings and the shares are initially held as treasury shares. Refer to Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
Liquidity
Cash, comprised of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities and other investments, includes $465 million and $467 million held by the Company's foreign subsidiaries at June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company does not permanently reinvest certain foreign earnings. The distribution of these earnings could result in non-federal U.S. or foreign taxes. All other undistributed foreign earnings remain permanently reinvested.
We are currently authorized to sell up to $3,000 million of short-term commercial paper notes. There were $1,422 million outstanding commercial paper notes as of June 30, 2022, and the largest amount of commercial paper notes outstanding during the fourth quarter of 2022 was $1,682 million.
The Company has a line of credit through a multi-currency revolving credit agreement with a group of banks. During 2022, we amended our existing multi-currency credit agreement, increasing its capacity from $2,500 million to $3,000 million, by exercising the accordion feature. As of June 30, 2022, $1,578 million was available for borrowing under the credit agreement. Advances from the credit agreement can be used for general corporate purposes, including acquisitions, and for the refinancing of existing indebtedness. The credit agreement supports our commercial paper program, and issuances of commercial paper reduce the amount of credit available under the agreement. The credit agreement expires in September 2024; however, the Company has the right to request a one-year extension of the expiration date on an annual basis, which request may result in changes to the current terms and conditions of the credit agreement. The credit agreement requires the payment of an annual facility fee, the amount of which is dependent upon the Company’s credit ratings. Although a lowering of the Company’s credit ratings would increase the cost of future debt, it would not limit the Company’s ability to use the credit agreement nor would it accelerate the repayment of any outstanding borrowings. Refer to Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
We primarily utilize unsecured medium-term notes and senior notes to meet our financing needs and we expect to continue to borrow funds at reasonable rates over the long term. During 2022, the Company issued $1,400 million aggregate principal amount of 3.65 percent Senior Notes due June 15, 2024, $1,200 million aggregate principal amount of 4.25 percent Senior Notes due September 15, 2027, and $1,000 million aggregate principal amount of 4.50 percent Senior Notes due September 15, 2029 (collectively, the "Senior Notes"). We intend to use the proceeds of the Senior Notes to finance a portion of the purchase of the proposed Acquisition. Refer to the Cash flows from financing activities section above and Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion. Additionally, during 2022, we entered into a senior, unsecured delayed-draw term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $2,000 million (the “Term Loan Facility”), refer to the Strategic Acquisitions section below for further discussion.
The Company’s credit agreements and indentures governing certain debt securities contain various covenants, the violation of which would limit or preclude the use of the credit agreements for future borrowings, or might accelerate the maturity of the related outstanding borrowings covered by the indentures. Based on the Company’s rating level at June 30, 2022, the most restrictive financial covenant provides that the ratio of debt to debt-shareholders' equity cannot exceed 0.65 to 1.0. At June 30,
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2022, the Company's debt to debt-shareholders' equity ratio was 0.57 to 1.0. We are in compliance, and expect to remain in compliance, with all covenants set forth in the credit agreement and indentures.
Our goal is to maintain an investment-grade credit profile. The rating agencies periodically update our credit ratings as events occur. At June 30, 2022, the long-term credit ratings assigned to the Company's senior debt securities by the credit rating agencies engaged by the Company were as follows:
Fitch RatingsBBB+
Moody's Investor Services, Inc.Baa1
Standard & Poor'sBBB+
Supply Chain Financing
We continue to identify opportunities to improve our liquidity and working capital efficiency, which includes the extension of payment terms with our suppliers. We currently have a supply chain financing program ("SCF") with a financial intermediary, which provides certain suppliers the option to be paid by the financial intermediary earlier than the due date on the applicable invoice. We are not a party to the agreements between the participating financial intermediary and the suppliers in connection with the programs. The range of payment terms we negotiate with our suppliers is consistent, irrespective of whether a supplier participates in the program. We do not reimburse suppliers for any costs they incur for participation in the program and their participation is completely voluntary. Amounts due to our suppliers that elected to participate in the SCF program are included in accounts payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. At June 30, 2022, accounts payable included approximately $46 million payable to suppliers who have elected to participate in the SCF program. In 2022, the amount settled through the SCF program and paid to participating financial institutions totaled $35 million. We account for payments made under the program in the same manner as our other accounts payable, which is a reduction to our cash flows from operations. We do not believe that changes in the availability of supply chain financing will have a significant impact on our liquidity.
Strategic Acquisitions
On August 2, 2021, the Company announced that it reached an agreement on the terms of a recommended cash acquisition of the entire issued and to be issued ordinary share capital of Meggitt for 800 pence per share, or approximately £6,263 million. We intend to fund the proposed Acquisition with cash resources, borrowings under debt facilities and net proceeds of debt securities. The proposed Acquisition received the European Commission's clearance on April 11, 2022, conditional on full compliance with commitments offered by the Company, including a commitment to divest its aircraft wheel and brake business within the Aerospace Systems Segment, for which a divestiture agreement was signed on May 23, 2022. The proposed Acquisition and divestiture of the aircraft wheel and brake business remain subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory clearance.
During 2022 we deposited funds, comprised of cash on hand and net proceeds from the issuance of commercial paper and the Senior Notes, into an escrow account. The escrow account is restricted to payments for the proposed Acquisition. At June 30, 2022, the balance was $6,112 million, which was recorded within the prepaid expenses and other caption on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Additionally, we entered into a senior, unsecured delayed-draw term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $2,000 million on August 27, 2021. The proceeds of the Term Loan Facility, if drawn, will be used solely by the Company to finance a portion of the consideration of its proposed Acquisition. Refer to Note 10 of the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
In connection with the proposed Acquisition, the Company entered into a bridge credit agreement (the "Bridge Credit Agreement") on August 2, 2021. Under the Bridge Credit Agreement, lenders committed to provide senior, unsecured financing in the aggregate principal amount of £6,524 million at August 2, 2021. As permanent financing for the proposed Acquisition was secured, the principal amount of the Bridge Credit Agreement was reduced. At June 30, 2022, the available aggregate principal amount was £591 million. In July 2022, we issued $504 million of commercial paper and deposited this amount into the escrow account to finance a portion of the purchase of Meggitt. Additionally, in July 2022, we deposited a total of $250 million into escrow that was previously posted as collateral and recorded within non-trade and notes receivables at June 30, 2022. Refer to Note 16 of the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion. In July 2022, after consideration of the escrow balance and funds available under the delayed-draw Term Loan Facility, we reduced the aggregate committed principal amount of the bridge credit agreement (the "Bridge Credit Agreement") to zero.
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In connection with the proposed Acquisition, the Company entered into deal-contingent forward contracts during October 2021 to mitigate the risk of appreciation in the GBP-denominated purchase price. The deal-contingent forward contracts have an aggregate notional amount of £6,415 million, and settlement is contingent upon closing the proposed Acquisition. We are recording the related fair value gains and losses, which have been and may continue to be significant, through the Consolidated Statement of Income until the closing of the proposed Acquisition. Refer to Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. The policies discussed below are considered by management to be more critical than other policies because their application places the most significant demands on management's judgment.

Revenue Recognition - Revenues are recognized when control of performance obligations, which are distinct goods or services within the contract, is transferred to the customer. Control is transferred when the customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain the benefits from the goods or services. A majority of our revenues are recognized at a point in time when control is transferred to the customer, which is generally at the time of shipment. However, a portion of our revenues are recognized over time if the customer simultaneously receives control as we perform work under a contract, if the customer controls the asset as it is being produced, or if the product has no alternative use and we have a contractual right to payment.

For contracts where revenue is recognized over time, we use the cost-to-cost, efforts expended or units of delivery method depending on the nature of the contract, including length of production time. The estimation of costs and efforts expended requires judgment on the part of management due to the duration of the contractual agreements as well as the technical nature of the products involved. Adjustments to these estimates are made on a consistent basis and a contract reserve is established when the estimated costs to complete a contract exceed the expected contract revenues.

When there are multiple performance obligations within a contract, the transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation based on its standalone selling price. The primary method used to estimate a standalone selling price is the price observed in standalone sales to customers for the same product or service. Revenue is recognized when control of the individual performance obligations is transferred to the customer.

We consider the contractual consideration payable by the customer and assesses variable consideration that may affect the total transaction price. Variable consideration is included in the estimated transaction price when there is a basis to reasonably estimate the amount, including whether the estimate should be constrained in order to avoid a significant reversal of revenue in a future period. These estimates are based on historical experience, anticipated performance under the terms of the contract and our best judgment at the time.

Impairment of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets - We test goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis and between annual tests whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying value of a reporting unit may exceed its fair value. Our six reporting units are equivalent to our operating segments. As quoted market prices are not available for our reporting units, determining whether an impairment occurred requires the valuation of the respective reporting unit, which is estimated using both income-based and market-based valuation methods. The income-based valuation method utilizes a discounted cash flow model which requires several assumptions, including future sales growth and operating margin levels as well as assumptions regarding future industry-specific market conditions. Each reporting unit regularly prepares discrete operating forecasts and uses these forecasts as the basis for the assumptions in the discounted cash flow analysis. Within the discounted cash flow models, the Company uses a discount rate, commensurate with its cost of capital but adjusted for inherent business risks, and an appropriate terminal growth factor. The market-based valuation performed for each reporting unit includes an analysis consisting of market-adjusted multiples based on key data points for guideline public companies. We also reconcile the estimated aggregate fair value of our reporting units resulting from these procedures to our overall market capitalization.

At December 31, 2021, the Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test for each of its six reporting units. The results of this test indicated the fair value substantially exceeded carrying value for all reporting units. We continually monitor our reporting units for impairment indicators and update assumptions used in the most recent calculation of a reporting unit's fair value as appropriate.

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Long-lived assets held for use, which primarily includes finite-lived intangible assets and property, plant and equipment, are evaluated for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the undiscounted net cash flows to be generated by their use over their expected useful lives and eventual disposition are less than their carrying value. The long-term nature of these assets requires the estimation of their cash inflows and outflows several years into the future and only takes into consideration technological advances known at the time of the impairment test. During 2022, the Company did not record any material impairment related to long-lived assets.

Pensions - The annual net periodic expense and benefit obligations related to the Company's defined benefit plans are determined on an actuarial basis. This determination requires critical assumptions regarding the discount rate, long-term rate of return on plan assets, increases in compensation levels and amortization periods for actuarial gains and losses. Assumptions are determined based on Company data and appropriate market indicators and are evaluated each year as of the plans' measurement date. Changes in the assumptions to reflect actual experience as well as the amortization of actuarial gains and losses could result in a material change in the annual net periodic expense and benefit obligations reported in the financial statements.

For the Company's domestic qualified defined benefit plan, a 50 basis point decrease in the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets is estimated to increase annual pension expense by $17 million and a 50 basis point decrease in the discount rate is estimated to increase annual pension expense by $19 million. As of June 30, 2022, $472 million of past years' net actuarial losses related to the Company's domestic qualified defined benefit plan are subject to amortization in the future. These losses will generally be amortized over approximately seven years and will negatively affect earnings in the future. Any actuarial gains experienced in future years will help offset the effect of the net actuarial loss amortization. Further information on pensions is provided in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Income Taxes - Significant judgment is required in determining the Company's income tax expense and in evaluating tax positions. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities have been recorded for the differences between the financial accounting and income tax basis of assets and liabilities. Factors considered by the Company in determining the probability of realizing deferred income tax assets include forecasted operating earnings, available tax planning strategies and the time period over which the temporary differences will reverse. The Company reviews its tax positions on a regular basis and adjusts the balances as new information becomes available. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon examination by a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information will be recorded. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Further information on income taxes is provided in Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Loss Contingencies - The Company has a number of loss exposures incurred in the ordinary course of business such as environmental claims, product liability and litigation reserves. Establishing loss accruals for these matters requires management's estimate and judgment with regards to risk exposure and ultimate liability or realization. We review these loss accruals periodically and make adjustments to reflect the most recent facts and circumstances.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently issued accounting pronouncements are described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
The Company manages foreign currency transaction and translation risk by utilizing derivative and non-derivative financial instruments, including forward exchange contracts, costless collar contracts, cross-currency swap contracts and certain foreign currency denominated debt designated as net investment hedges. The derivative financial instrument contracts are with major investment grade financial institutions and we do not anticipate any material non-performance by any of the counterparties. The Company does not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading purposes.
In connection with the proposed Acquisition, the Company entered into deal-contingent forward contracts during October 2021 to mitigate the risk of appreciation in the GBP-denominated purchase price. The deal-contingent forward contracts have an aggregate notional amount of £6,415 million, and settlement is contingent upon closing the proposed Acquisition. A one percent decrease in the GBP-USD exchange rate would result in a $78 million decrease in the fair value of the contract.
Derivative financial instruments are recognized on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as either assets or liabilities and are measured at fair value. Further information on the fair value of these contracts is provided in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Derivatives that are not designated as hedges are adjusted to fair value by recording gains and losses through the Consolidated Statement of Income. Derivatives that are designated as hedges are adjusted to fair value by recording gains and losses through accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Consolidated Balance Sheet until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. For cross-currency swaps measured using the spot method, the periodic interest settlements are recognized directly in earnings through interest expense. The translation of the foreign currency denominated debt that has been designated as a net investment hedge is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and remains there until the underlying net investment is sold or substantially liquidated.
The Company's debt portfolio contains variable rate debt, inherently exposing the Company to interest rate risk. The Company's objective is to maintain a 60/40 mix between fixed rate and variable rate debt thereby limiting its exposure to changes in near-term interest rates. At June 30, 2022, our debt portfolio did not include any variable rate debt. However, a 100 basis point increase in near-term interest rates would increase annual interest expense on weighted average commercial paper balances during 2022 by approximately $15 million.
As discussed elsewhere in this report, the future impacts of the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID-19 pandemic and their residual effects, including economic uncertainty, inflationary environment and disruption within the global supply chain, labor markets and aerospace industry, on our business remain uncertain. As we cannot anticipate the ultimate duration or scope of the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID-19 pandemic, the ultimate financial impact to our results cannot be reasonably estimated, but could be material.
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ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Parker-Hannifin Corporation

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Parker-Hannifin and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of June 30, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, equity and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2022, and the related notes and the schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
Basis for Opinions
The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a
34

whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Revenue — Refer to Notes 1 and 2 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company is a highly diversified business with revenue derived from the sales of products in a variety of industrial and aerospace markets. The Company’s business activities are carried out by numerous individual business units, which offer unique technology and product platforms in a large number of geographic areas.
We identified revenue as a critical audit matter due to the geographical dispersion of the Company’s operations and business units generating revenue. Extensive audit effort is performed due to the volume of the underlying transactions and number of individual business units. High levels of auditor judgment were necessary to determine the nature, timing, and extent of audit procedures performed to audit revenue.
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the Company’s revenue transactions included the following, among others:
We tested the design and effectiveness of internal controls within the revenue business processes, including controls over revenue recognition and controls over the review of operating results.

We performed transaction testing for revenue populations subject to detail testing by agreeing the amounts recorded as revenue to source documents and determined that revenue was recognized appropriately.

We tested the completeness of revenue for revenue populations subject to detail testing, by making selections from a reciprocal population (e.g. sales order listing) and determined whether the sales order was appropriately recorded as a sale in the general ledger.

We performed substantive analytical procedures for revenue transactions not subject to detail transaction testing. We developed independent expectations of revenue based on data derived from published industry indices, market and customer trends, and the results of our detail revenue testing and compared these expectations to the revenue recorded by management.

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Cleveland, Ohio
August 24, 2022

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2008.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

For the years ended June 30,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)202220212020
Net Sales$15,861,608 $14,347,640 $13,695,520 
Cost of sales11,387,267 10,449,680 10,292,291 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,627,116 1,527,302 1,656,553 
Interest expense255,252 250,036 308,161 
Other expense (income), net984,868 (17,003)(67,112)
Gain on disposal of assets(7,121)(109,332)(1,227)
Income before income taxes1,614,226 2,246,957 1,506,854 
Income taxes298,040 500,096 304,522 
Net Income1,316,186 1,746,861 1,202,332 
Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries' earnings581 761 362 
Net Income Attributable to Common Shareholders$1,315,605 $1,746,100 $1,201,970 
Earnings per Share Attributable to Common Shareholders
Basic earnings per share$10.24 $13.54 $9.36 
Diluted earnings per share$10.09 $13.35 $9.26 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the years ended June 30,
(Dollars in thousands)202220212020
Net Income$1,316,186 $1,746,861 $1,202,332 
Less: Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries' earnings581 761 362 
Net income attributable to common shareholders1,315,605 1,746,100 1,201,970 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation adjustment and other (net of tax of $(3,236), $(3,664) and $4,820 in 2022, 2021 and 2020)
(284,732)328,792 (182,957)
  Retirement benefits plan activity (net of tax of $(95,574), $(205,845) and $97,477 in 2022, 2021 and 2020)
306,735 664,076 (317,546)
      Other comprehensive income (loss)22,003 992,868 (500,503)
Less: Other comprehensive (loss) income for noncontrolling interests(1,526)720 (676)
Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common shareholders23,529 992,148 (499,827)
Total Comprehensive Income Attributable to Common Shareholders
$1,339,134 $2,738,248 $702,143 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Dollars in thousands)
June 30,20222021
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $535,799 $733,117 
Marketable securities and other investments 27,862 39,116 
Trade accounts receivable, net 2,341,504 2,183,594 
Non-trade and notes receivable543,757 326,315 
Inventories 2,214,553 2,090,642 
Prepaid expenses and other6,383,169 243,966 
Total Current Assets12,046,644 5,616,750 
Property, plant and equipment5,897,955 6,040,220 
Less: Accumulated depreciation3,775,197 3,773,744 
Property, plant and equipment, net2,122,758 2,266,476 
Deferred income taxes 110,585 104,251 
Investments and other assets788,057 774,239 
Intangible assets, net 3,135,817 3,519,797 
Goodwill 7,740,082 8,059,687 
Total Assets$25,943,943 $20,341,200 
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities
Notes payable and long-term debt payable within one year $1,724,310 $2,824 
Accounts payable, trade1,731,925 1,667,878 
Accrued payrolls and other compensation470,132 507,027 
Accrued domestic and foreign taxes250,292 236,384 
Other accrued liabilities1,682,659 682,390 
Total Current Liabilities5,859,318 3,096,503 
Long-term debt 9,755,825 6,582,053 
Pensions and other postretirement benefits 639,939 1,055,638 
Deferred income taxes 307,044 553,981 
Other liabilities521,897 639,355 
Total Liabilities17,084,023 11,927,530 
Equity
Shareholders' Equity
Serial preferred stock, $.50 par value, authorized 3,000,000 shares; none issued
  
Common stock, $.50 par value, authorized 600,000,000 shares; issued 181,046,128 shares in 2022 and 2021
90,523 90,523 
Additional capital327,307 329,619 
Retained earnings15,661,808 14,915,497 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)(1,543,198)(1,566,727)
Treasury shares at cost: 52,594,956 in 2022 and 51,900,460 in 2021
(5,688,429)(5,370,605)
Total Shareholders' Equity8,848,011 8,398,307 
Noncontrolling interests11,909 15,363 
Total Equity8,859,920 8,413,670 
Total Liabilities and Equity$25,943,943 $20,341,200 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
For the years ended June 30,
(Dollars in thousands)202220212020
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
Net income
$1,316,186 $1,746,861 $1,202,332 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation257,314 269,943 252,899 
Amortization314,450 325,447 284,632 
Stock incentive plan compensation137,093 121,483 111,375 
Deferred income taxes(351,201)(51,500)12,290 
Foreign currency transaction gain(39,987)(10,948)(10,018)
Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment(5,727)(109,332)(1,850)
Gain on sale of businesses(1,394)  
Gain on investments(3,972)(12,616)(2,084)
Loss (gain) on marketable securities5,131 (11,570)(587)
Other70,443 14,424 17,984 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
Accounts receivable
(179,126)(298,511)578,853 
Inventories
(212,134)(85,597)206,937 
Prepaid expenses and other37,630 (25,508)(9,312)
Other assets
(11,167)(8,779)(23,547)
Accounts payable, trade
131,384 526,781 (370,765)
Accrued payrolls and other compensation
(15,524)72,412 (62,715)
Accrued domestic and foreign taxes
32,514 36,552 30,918 
Other accrued liabilities
999,831 11,397 (148,531)
Pensions and other postretirement benefits
1,822 17,875 55,522 
Other liabilities
(41,836)46,187 (53,384)
Net cash provided by operating activities2,441,730