Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Prime Meridian Holding
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-02-21 Officers
8-K 2019-01-31 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-17 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-11 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-19 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-25 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-14 Suspend Trading, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-06 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-26 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-19 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-10 Suspend Trading, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-03 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-06 Other Events
8-K 2018-03-13 Officers
8-K 2018-01-25 Earnings, Exhibits
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PMHG 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A Risk Factors
Item 1B Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2 Properties
Item 3 Legal Proceedings
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosure
Item 5 Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder's Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6: Selected Financial Data
Item 7: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary
EX-31.1 ex_137381.htm
EX-31.2 ex_137382.htm
EX-32.1 ex_137383.htm

Prime Meridian Holding Earnings 2018-12-31

PMHG 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 pmhg20181231_10k.htm FORM 10-K pmhg20181231_10k.htm
 

 

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

 ☒

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

 

OR

 

 ☐

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

 

Commission file number: 333-191801

 

PRIME MERIDIAN HOLDING COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida

27-2980805

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

1897 Capital Circle NE, Second Floor, Tallahassee, Florida

32308

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (850) 907-2301

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

None

 

None

 

(Title of each class to be registered)

 

(Name of each exchange on which

each class is to be registered)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

YES ☐    NO ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES ☒   NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). YES ☒    NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one) 

 

Large accelerated filer:  Accelerated filer:
Nonaccelerated filer:   Smaller reporting company: 
    Emerging growth company:

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES ☐   NO ☒

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the $20.30 per share selling price of the common stock on June 30, 2018 was $50,960,085. As of March 8, 2019, there were 3,143,140 issued and outstanding shares of the Registrant’s common stock.

 

 

 

Prime Meridian Holding Company

 

2018 Form 10-K Annual Report

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item Number

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part I

 

Item 1.

 

Business

 

 3

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

14

 

 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

21

 

 

Item 2.

 

Properties

 

21

 

 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

21

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part II

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

21

 

 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

 

22

 

 

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

23

 

 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

37

 

 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

38

 

 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

72

 

 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

72

 

 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

 

73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part III

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

73

 

 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

 

77

 

 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

83

 

 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

84

 

 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part IV

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

86

             
    Item 16.   Form 10-K Summary   87
             
Signatures           88
             
Certifications            

 

 


 

 

Part I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

 

General Description of Business

 

Prime Meridian Holding Company (“PMHG”) was incorporated as a Florida corporation on May 25, 2010, and is the one-bank holding company for and sole shareholder of Prime Meridian Bank (the “Bank”). The Bank opened for business on February 4, 2008, and was acquired by PMHG on September 16, 2010. PMHG has no significant operations other than owning the stock of the Bank. In this report, the terms “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” mean PMHG and its subsidiary. Since opening in 2008, the Bank has conducted a general banking business and has grown to seventy-nine full-time equivalent (“FTE”) employees as of December 31, 2018.

 

History

 

Prime Meridian Bank, a Florida commercial bank, was chartered on February 4, 2008, with a commitment to providing a high level of client service while maintaining sound and prudent banking practices. In 2010, our holding company, PMHG, was formed and the Bank’s shareholders exchanged their shares of common stock for shares of common stock of PMHG, with the Bank becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of PMHG. This occurred through a statutory share exchange on September 16, 2010. The Company commenced a public offering registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on December 11, 2013, has continued to file periodic reports with the SEC since that date, and became listed and publicly traded on the OTCQX marketplace on August 24, 2015.

 

In an effort to provide a superior level of service, we are building a culture and brand that fosters client relationships and creates an inviting atmosphere rather than simply processing customers’ transactions. We want a culture that supports relationship banking. This culture has served us well, with many of our clients referring others to us. In our view, there is no greater compliment than to have our existing clients share their positive banking experiences with their family and friends.

 

Our team developed and adopted the following five core principles to support our actions and guide our decisions:

 

 

Passion – A level of intense excellence and commitment that goes over and above merely meeting the commercial considerations and legal requirements - Never give up. Never settle for mediocrity. Never let fear hamper us from taking calculated risks. Above all, Never let a cynic stand in our way.

 

Grace - Providing a high level of service, with courtesy and compassion. Having an awareness of how our actions, body language, and words affect others. Learning to master a mindful, calm response to any situation.

 

Integrity – Doing the right thing, simply because it is the right thing to do, based on a firm adherence to the Bank’s three-way test: (1) Is it right by the client? (2) Is it right by the Bank? (3) Is it legally, morally, and ethically correct?

 

Tenacity – A culture of looking at new ideas, tackling challenges, and overcoming obstacles in order to meet our clients’ needs.

 

Accountability – Accepting full and ultimate responsibility for the situation or action at hand.

 

These core principles and the Bank’s three-way test also serve as the foundation for our motto, “Let’s think of a few good reasons why it CAN be done!” which is an overarching concept for our Company and team. We stress the question “Why?” because, while we clearly recognize that “how” is imperative, without understanding “why” something should be done, “how it can be done” does not necessarily matter. Our mission statement is also supported by our core principles: “Building bankers to serve our clients and community in order to optimize shareholder value.” As a result of our efforts and culture, we have been able to increase our asset and deposit base exclusively through organic growth thus far.

 

Location and Service Area

 

Prime Meridian Bank is headquartered in Tallahassee, Florida and offers a broad range of banking services to the Tallahassee Metropolitan Statistical Area (“MSA”) and the surrounding North Florida and South Georgia areas. The Company is headquartered at 1897 Capital Circle NE, Second Floor, Tallahassee, Florida 32308 in the Bank’s second location, which opened on February 21, 2012. The Bank also serves clients from a branch office located at the Bank’s original main office at 1471 Timberlane Road, Suite 124, Tallahassee, Florida 32312 and from its branch office located at 2201 Crawfordville Highway, Crawfordville, Florida 32327, which opened in September, 2015. On November 20, 2018, the Company filed application with, and subsequently received approval from, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) to establish a full-service branch office at 3340 South Florida Avenue, Lakeland, Florida 33830. The Company expects to open this office during the second quarter of 2019.

 

 

A substantial portion of the Company’s market is located in the larger Tallahassee MSA. Claritas, using primarily United States Census Bureau data, estimates that the 2019 population of the Tallahassee MSA, which includes Leon, Gadsden, Jefferson, and Wakulla counties, is 390,489 and is expected to grow to 408,083 or 4.51% by 2024. Tallahassee is the state capital and is characterized by mostly small businesses in many different service industries in addition to significant governmental and educational employment. The Tallahassee MSA is furthermore home to over 70,000 college students with two state universities (Florida State University and Florida A&M University) and Tallahassee Community College, one of the largest community colleges in Florida. The region is thought to be attractive for many types of economic development. The Economic Development Council of Tallahassee/Leon County previously identified seven targeted industry sectors that match the region’s strengths, goals, and assets: (1) renewable energy and environment; (2) aviation and aerospace; (3) health sciences, medical education, training and research, and sports medicine; (4) information technology; (5) research and engineering; (6) transportation and logistics; and (7) advanced manufacturing.

 

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national unemployment rate and Florida’s unemployment rate were 3.9% and 3.3%, respectively, at December 31, 2018, while Tallahassee’s unemployment rate was reported at 3.3%. Any increases in unemployment rates could result in nonperforming loans and reduced asset quality.

 

Banking Services

 

Our business strategy focuses on traditional, relationship-based banking. The Bank provides a range of consumer and commercial banking services to individuals and businesses. In addition to electronic banking services such as mobile banking, remote deposit, mobile deposit, Apple Pay, Bank-to-Bank transfers and online banking, we offer basic services which include demand interest-bearing and non-interest bearing accounts, savings accounts, money-market deposit accounts, health savings accounts (HSA), NOW accounts, time deposits, safe deposit services, wire transfers, foreign exchange services, escrow accounts, debit cards, direct deposits, notary services, night depository, official checks, domestic collections, bank drafts, automated teller services, drive-in tellers, banking by mail, credit cards through a third party, and merchant card services with a third party. In addition, the Bank issues standby letters of credit and offers commercial real estate loans, residential real estate loans, construction loans, commercial loans, equipment loans, Small Business Administration (“SBA”) loans, and consumer loans. The Bank provides debit and automated teller machine (“ATM”) cards and is a member of the MoneyPASS and Pulse networks, thereby permitting clients to utilize the convenience of a large ATM network system including more than 400,000 member machines nationwide. As of December 31, 2018, the Bank did not have trust powers.

 

Our organizational structure focuses on a strong risk management culture. We stay abreast of our market by having our Board and management team highly involved in our communities. We believe our team's banking experience and high-quality client service distinguishes us from other banks. We believe this foundation will enable us to expand our products and services to new and existing clients, resulting in steady, long-term growth. Our culture focuses on servicing our clients and proactively exceeding their expectations, which in turn supports client retention and loyalty, increased referrals, and enhanced profitability.

 

Our loan target market includes owner-occupied and nonowner-occupied commercial real estate, small businesses, real estate developers, consumers, and professionals. Small business clients are typically commercial entities with sales of $25 million or less; these clients have the opportunity to generate significant revenue for banks.

 

Our revenues are primarily derived from interest income and fees on loans, interest and dividends from investment securities, and service charge income generated from demand accounts, ATM fees, and other services. The principal sources of funds for the Bank’s lending activities are its deposits, loan repayments, and proceeds from investment securities. The principal expenses of the Bank are the interest paid on deposits, salaries, and general operating expenses.

 

We are committed to being a successful community bank and being a good business partner within our community. We believe our active community involvement and business development strategies, in conjunction with our client relationship culture, have formed a successful foundation for developing new relationships and enhancing existing ones.

 

Lending Activities

 

The Bank offers a wide range of lending services to the community, providing loans to small to medium sized companies and their owners and not-for-profit organizations. Included in our array of commercial loan products are commercial real estate loans, equipment loans, small business loans, business lines of credit, and SBA loans. Consumer loans include residential first and second mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, and consumer installment loans for cars, trucks, boats, and other recreational vehicles. Most of our retail lending connections are driven by our commercial and mortgage client relationships. The Bank maintains strong and disciplined credit policies and procedures and makes loans on a nondiscriminatory basis throughout its lending area. The net loan portfolio, excluding loans held for sale, constituted 72.2% of the Company's total assets at December 31, 2018.

 

 

Our lenders have the authority to extend credit under guidelines established and approved by the Board of Directors. With the exception of secured consumer loans, joint approval signatures are required for all loans. Officers may not combine their lending authority to approve a loan in an amount in excess of the lending authority of the officer with the greater authority, unless otherwise provided through the approved lending authority table. However, a loan officer may obtain the approval of another officer with a higher lending authority to grant a loan. The Loan Committee approves all loans with an aggregate indebtedness that exceeds an officer’s or co-approving officer’s lending authority, staying within the Company’s in-house and legal lending limits. The voting members of the Bank’s Loan Committee consist of at least five directors, with at least two of those five being nonemployee Board members. Alternates or designates may be appointed by the Board of Directors when needed. Loan Committee generally meets at least bi-weekly to consider any loan requests which are in excess of the lending limits of individual lending officers and require approval before the disbursement of proceeds and to review all other loans for compliance with our loan policy. Liquidity and stability in the Bank’s portfolio are given the highest priority; therefore, the Board of Directors reviews the portfolio mix of loans at its monthly meetings. Actions of the Loan Committee are also reported to the Board of Directors at these monthly meetings.

 

We categorize our loans as follows: commercial real estate, residential real estate (first and second mortgages and home equity loans), construction loans, commercial loans, and consumer loans. Residential real estate and home equity loans, accounting for 41.4% of the loan portfolio, and commercial real estate loans, comprising 28.1% of the loan portfolio, were the two largest categories of loans at December 31, 2018.

 

Commercial Real Estate Loans. Secured by mortgages on commercial property, these loans are typically more complex and present a higher risk profile than our consumer real estate loans. Commercial loans that are secured by owner-occupied commercial real estate are repaid through operating cash flows of the borrower whereas nonowner-occupied commercial real estate loans are generally dependent on rental income. The typical amortization period is twenty years or less. Interest rates on our commercial real estate loans are generally fixed for five years or less after which they adjust based upon a predetermined spread over an index. At times, a rate may be fixed for longer than five years. As part of our credit underwriting standards, we normally require personal guarantees from the principal owners of the business supported by a review of the principal owners’ personal financial statements, personal tax returns, and where applicable, business tax returns. As part of our enterprise risk management process, we understand that risks associated with commercial real estate loans include fluctuations in real estate values, the overall strength of the borrower, the overall strength of the economy, new job creation trends, tenant vacancy rates, environmental contamination, and the quality of the borrowers’ management. In order to mitigate and limit these risks, we evaluate collateral value and analyze the borrower’s, and if applicable the guarantor’s, global cash flow position. Currently, the collateral securing our commercial real estate loans includes a variety of property types, such as office, warehouse, and retail facilities, multifamily properties, hotels, mixed-use residential and commercial properties.

 

Residential Real Estate and Home Equity Loans. The Company offers first and second one-to-four family mortgage loans, multifamily residential loans, and home equity lines of credit. The collateral for these loans includes both owner-occupied residences and nonowner-occupied investment properties. The owner-occupied primary residence loans generally present lower levels of risk than commercial real estate loans; however, risks do still exist because of possible fluctuations in the value of the real estate collateral securing the loan, as well as changes in the borrowers' financial condition. The nonowner-occupied investment properties are more similar in risk to commercial real estate loans, and therefore, are underwritten by assessing the property’s income potential and appraised value. In both cases, we underwrite the borrower’s financial condition and evaluate his or her global cash flow position. Borrowers may be affected by numerous factors, including job loss, illness, or other personal hardship. As part of our product mix, the Company offers both portfolio and secondary market mortgages; portfolio loans generally are based on a 3-year, 5-year, or 7-year adjustable rate mortgages; while 15-year or 30-year fixed-rate loans are generally sold to the secondary market. The longer-term, fixed-rate loans are sometimes retained in the Company’s loan portfolio and are evaluated on a case by case basis.

 

Construction Loans. Typically, these loans have a term of one to two years and the interest is paid monthly. Once the construction period terminates, some of these loans will convert to a term loan carried in the Bank’s loan portfolio with an amortization period of twenty years or less, in general. This portion of our loan portfolio includes loans to small-to-medium sized businesses to construct owner-user properties, loans to developers of commercial real estate investment properties, and loans to residential developers. This type of loan is also made to individual clients for construction of single-family homes in our market area. An independent appraisal is generally used to determine the value of the collateral and confirm that the ratio of the loan principal to the value of the collateral will not exceed the Bank’s policies. As the construction project progresses, loan proceeds are requested by the borrower to complete phases of construction, and funding is only disbursed after the project has been inspected by a third-party inspector or an experienced construction lender. Risks associated with construction loans include fluctuations in the value of real estate, project completion risk, changes in market trends, and the interest rate environment. The ability of the construction loan borrower to move to permanent financing of the loan or sell the property upon completion of the project is another risk factor that also may be affected by changes in market trends after the initial funding of the loan.

 

 

Commercial Loans. The Company offers a wide range of commercial loans, including small business loans, equipment financing, business lines of credit, and SBA loans. Small-to-medium sized businesses, retail, and professional establishments, make up our target market for commercial loans. Our lenders primarily underwrite these loans based on the borrower’s ability to service the loan from cash flow. Lines of credit and loans secured by accounts receivable and/or inventory are monitored periodically by our staff. Loans secured by “all business assets,” or a “blanket lien” are typically only made to highly qualified borrowers due to the nonspecific nature of the collateral and do not require a formal valuation of the business collateral. When commercial loans are secured by specifically identified collateral, then the valuation of the collateral is generally supported by an appraisal, purchase order, or third-party physical inspection. Personal guarantees of the principals of business borrowers are usually required. Equipment loans generally have a term of five years or less and may have a fixed or variable rate. Business lines of credit generally do not exceed two years and typically, are secured by accounts receivable and inventory. Significant factors affecting a commercial borrower’s credit-worthiness include the quality of management and the ability to evaluate changes in the supply and demand characteristics affecting the business’ markets for products and services and respond effectively to such changes. These loans may be made unsecured or secured, but most are made on a secured basis. Risks associated with our commercial loan portfolio include local, regional, and national market conditions. Other risk factors could include changes in the borrower’s management and fluctuations in collateral value. Additionally, there may be refinancing risk if a commercial loan includes a balloon payment which must be refinanced or paid off at loan maturity. In reference to our risk management process, our commercial loan portfolio presents a higher risk profile than our residential real estate and consumer loan portfolios. Therefore, we require that all loans to businesses must have a clearly stated and reasonable payment plan to allow for timely retirement of debt.

 

Consumer and Other Loans. Our consumer portfolio is the smallest portion of our loan portfolio, representing 2.3% of our total loan portfolio at December 31, 2018. These loans are made for various consumer purposes, such as the financing of automobiles, boats, and recreational vehicles. The payment structure of these loans is normally on an installment basis. The risk associated with this category of loans stems from the reduced collateral value for a defaulted loan; it may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the principal. The underwriting on these loans is primarily based on the borrower’s financial condition. Therefore, both secured and unsecured consumer loans subject the Company to risk when the borrower’s financial condition declines or deteriorates. Based upon our current trend in consumer loans, we do not anticipate that consumer loans will become a substantial component of our loan portfolio at any time in the immediate future. Consumer loans are made at fixed-interest and variable-interest rates and are based on the appropriate amortization for the asset and purpose.

 

Investments 

 

Our investments are managed in relation to loan demand and deposit growth. Available funds are placed in low risk investments and provide liquidity to fund increases in loan demand or to offset fluctuations in deposits. With respect to our investment portfolio, the total portfolio may be invested in U.S. Treasuries, general obligations of government agencies, and bank-qualified municipal securities because such securities generally represent a minimal investment risk. Occasionally, we may invest in certificates of deposit from national and state banks. We also invest in mortgage-backed securities which generally have a shorter life than the stated maturity.

 

We monitor changes in financial markets. In addition to portfolio investments, our daily cash position is monitored to ensure that all available funds earn interest at the earliest possible date. A portion of the investment account is designated as secondary reserves and invested in liquid securities that can be readily converted to cash with minimum risk of market loss. These investments usually consist of U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. Government agencies and federal funds. The remainder of the investment account may be placed in investment securities of a different type and longer maturity. Whenever possible, our strategy is to stagger the maturities of our securities to produce a steady cash-flow in the event the Bank needs cash, or economic conditions change to a more favorable rate environment.

 

Deposit Activities

 

Deposits are the major source of the Bank’s funds for lending and other investment purposes. Deposits are gathered principally from within our primary market area through the offering of a broad variety of deposit products, including checking accounts, money-market accounts, regular savings accounts, term certificate of deposit accounts (including “jumbo” certificates in denominations of $250,000 or more), and retirement savings plans. We consider the majority of our regular savings, demand, NOW, and money-market deposit accounts to be core deposits. The majority of our deposits are generated within the Leon County, Florida area. Our deposits are insured up to the maximum amount allowed by law by the FDIC and we operate under the supervision and regulations of the FDIC and the State of Florida Office of Financial Regulation (“OFR”). The Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act enacted on May 24, 2018 amended Section 29 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act to except a capped amount of reciprocal deposits from treatment as brokered deposits for certain insured depository institutions. With this change in regulation, the Company set up and began testing Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service Insured Cash Sweep accounts in the fourth quarter of 2018 with plans to begin offering these products in 2019. The Bank had no brokered deposits at December 31, 2018 or 2017.

 

Maturity terms, service fees, and withdrawal penalties are established by the Bank on a periodic basis. The determination of rates and terms is predicated on funds acquisition and liquidity requirements, market rate competition, growth goals, and federal regulations.

 

 

We offer certificates of deposit, including time deposits of $250,000 or more, public fund deposits and other large deposit accounts. More than half our time deposits are short-term in nature and are more sensitive to changes in interest rates than other types of deposits; therefore, they may be a less stable source of funds. In the event that existing short-term deposits are not renewed, the resulting loss of the deposited funds could adversely affect our liquidity. In a rising interest rate market, short-term deposits may prove to be a costly source of funds because their short-term nature requires renewal at increasingly higher interest rates, which may adversely affect the Bank’s earnings. The opposite is true in a falling interest rate market where such short-term deposits are more favorable to the Bank.

 

Company Website and U.S. Securities Exchange Commission Filings

 

Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports can be found free of charge on our website at www.primemeridianbank.com as soon as reasonably practical after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. The SEC maintains a website, www.sec.gov, which contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. Our charters of the Audit Committee and the Compensation and Nominating Committee, along with our Code of Ethics and Insider Trading Policy are available on our website at www.primemeridianbank.com. Printed copies of this information may also be obtained, without charge, by written request to the Corporate Secretary at P.O. Box 13629, Tallahassee, FL 32317.

 

Employees

 

At December 31, 2018, PMHG had seventy-nine full time equivalent employees (including executive officers), none of whom are represented by a union or covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Management considers employee relations to be good.

 

Competition 

 

The market for banking is highly competitive. Our competition is made up of a wide range of financial institutions, including credit unions, local, regional, and national commercial banks, mortgage companies, insurance companies, and other non-traditional providers of financial services. According to the annual Summary of Deposits report produced by the FDIC, total deposits (excluding non-retail) in Leon and Wakulla counties, Florida, grew to approximately $7.4 billion as of June 30, 2018. As of June 30, 2018, there were fourteen FDIC-insured financial institutions serving Leon County; only two of them, including PMHG, are headquartered in Leon County. As of June 30, 2018, according to the Summary of Deposits, the Company had a 4.28% share of the FDIC-insured deposits in Leon County. As of June 30, 2018, the Summary of Deposits reported that there were four FDIC-insured financial institutions serving Wakulla County and that PMHG ranked number three, with a 11.58% share of the FDIC-insured deposits in Wakulla County.

 

Some of our competitors are not subject to the same level of regulation and oversight that is required of banks and bank holding companies, resulting in lower cost structures. By emphasizing our exceptional client service, knowledge of local trends and conditions, and local decision-making process, we believe the Bank has developed an effective competitive advantage in its market, thus maintaining a strong level of growth. We also are actively engaged in Small Business Administration guaranteed financing to support local borrowers who might not otherwise qualify for conventional financing, which helps mitigate our credit risk and results in fee income if we sell the guaranteed portion.

 

Some of our competitors are much larger financial institutions with greater financial resources. It is not our goal to compete on all products and services, but rather to remain client-service focused and to adhere to our core principles. This strategy has yielded solid growth for the Bank thus far.

 

Other important competitive factors that have contributed to our success in our market area include convenient office hours, electronic banking products, community reputation, quality of our banking team, capacity and willingness to extend credit, and our ability to offer cash management and other commercial banking services. Although offering competitive rates is important, we believe that our greatest competitive advantages are our experienced management team, client relationship culture, and personal service.

 

Government Supervision and Regulation 

 

General

 

As a one-bank holding company, we are subject to an extensive collection of state and federal banking laws and regulations, which impose specific requirements and restrictions on virtually all aspects of our operations. We are affected by government monetary policy and by regulatory measures affecting the banking industry in general. These regulations are primarily intended to protect depositors, borrowers, the public, the FDIC, and the integrity of the U.S. banking system and capital markets. Future legislative enactments, changes in governmental policy, or changes in the way such laws or regulations are interpreted by regulatory agencies or courts could have a material impact on our business, operations, and earnings. Federal economic and monetary policy may also affect our ability to attract deposits, make loans, and achieve our planned operating results.  

 

 

The following is a brief summary of some of the statutes, rules, and regulations that currently affect PMHG’s and the Bank’s operations. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the particular statutory and regulatory provision referred to below and is not intended to be an exhaustive description of the statutes or regulations applicable to our business. Any change in applicable laws or regulations may have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Prime Meridian Holding Company

 

As a bank holding company, PMHG is subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the “BHCA”), and the examination and reporting requirements of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”). As such, the Company is required to file semi-annual reports and other information with the Federal Reserve regarding its business operations and those of its subsidiary. Under the BHCA, a bank holding company may not directly or indirectly acquire ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares or substantially all of the assets of any additional bank without prior approval of the Federal Reserve. The Company is further prohibited from merging or consolidating with another bank holding company without prior approval.

 

Prior to any person or company, excluding a bank holding company, acquiring control of a bank holding company, subject to certain exemptions, the BHCA and the Change in Bank Control Act, together with regulations promulgated by the Federal Reserve, require either the Federal Reserve’s stated approval or a notice be furnished to the Federal Reserve and not disapproved. Control is conclusively presumed to exist when an individual or company acquires 25% or more of any class of voting securities of a bank holding company. Control may be presumed to exist if a person acquires 10% or more, but less than 25%, of any class of voting securities and either the bank holding company has registered securities under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or no other person owns a greater percentage of that class of voting securities immediately after the transaction. Additionally, the BHCA provides that the Federal Reserve may not approve any of these transactions if it would result in a monopoly, substantially lessen competition, or otherwise function as a restraint of trade, unless the anti-competitive effects of the proposed transaction are clearly outweighed by the public interest in meeting the convenience and needs of the community to be served. The Federal Reserve is also required to consider the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the bank holding companies and banks concerned and the convenience and needs of the community to be served. The Federal Reserve’s consideration of financial resources generally focuses on capital adequacy, which is discussed below. As a result of the USA PATRIOT Act, the Federal Reserve is also required to consider the record of a bank holding company and its subsidiary bank(s) in combating money laundering activities in its evaluation of bank holding company merger or acquisition transactions.

 

Except as authorized by the BHCA and Federal Reserve regulations or orders, a bank holding company is generally prohibited from acquiring direct or indirect control of 5% or more of the voting shares of any company engaged in any business other than the business of banking or managing and controlling banks. The primary exception allows a bank holding company to own shares in any company whose activities have been determined by the Federal Reserve to be so closely related to banking or to managing or controlling banks that ownership of shares of that company is appropriate. Activities the Federal Reserve has determined by regulation to be permissible for bank holding companies include the following:

 

 

making or servicing loans and certain types of leases;

 

engaging in certain insurance activities;

 

performing certain data processing services;

 

acting in certain circumstances as a fiduciary or investment or financial advisor;

 

providing management consulting services;

 

owning savings associations;

 

and making investments in corporations or projects designed primarily to promote community welfare.

 

In accordance with Federal Reserve Policy, a bank holding company is expected to act as a source of financial strength to its subsidiary banks. In adhering to the Federal Reserve’s policy, we may be required to provide financial support to the Bank at a time when, absent such Federal Reserve Policy, it might not be deemed advisable to provide such assistance. Under the BHCA, the Federal Reserve may also require a bank holding company to terminate any activity or relinquish control of a nonbank subsidiary (other than a nonbank subsidiary of a bank) upon the Federal Reserve’s determination that the activity or control constitutes a serious risk to the financial soundness or stability of any subsidiary depository institution of the bank holding company. Further, federal bank regulatory authorities have additional discretion to require a bank holding company to divest itself of any bank or nonbank subsidiary if the agency determines that divestiture may aid the depository institution’s financial condition. The Dodd-Frank Act Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank Act”) codified the Federal Reserve’s policy on serving as a source of financial strength. Such support may be required at times when, absent this Federal Reserve policy, a holding company may not be inclined to provide it. A bank holding company, in certain circumstances, could be required to guarantee the capital plan of an undercapitalized banking subsidiary.

 

The Federal Reserve’s authority was expanded through the Financial Institutions Reform Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 (“FIRREA”) to prohibit activities of bank holding companies and their nonbanking subsidiaries which represent unsafe and unsound banking practices, or which constitute violations of laws or regulations. FIRREA increased the amount of civil money penalties which the Federal Reserve can assess for activities conducted on a knowing and reckless basis, if those activities caused a substantial loss to a depository institution. The penalties can be as high as $1.0 million for each day the activity continues. FIRREA also expanded the scope of the individuals and entities against which such penalties may be assessed.

 

 

Prime Meridian Bank

 

As a state-chartered commercial bank, the Bank is subject to the supervision and regulation of the OFR and the FDIC. Our deposits are insured by the FDIC for a maximum of $250,000 per account ownership category. For this protection, we must pay a quarterly statutory assessment and comply with the rules and regulations of the FDIC. The assessment levied on a bank for deposit insurance varies, depending on the capital position of each bank, and other supervisory factors. Currently, we are subject to the statutory assessment.

 

The Federal Deposit Insurance Act provides that, in the event of the “liquidation or other resolution” of a bank, the claims of depositors of the bank, including the claims of the FDIC as subrogee of insured depositors and certain claims for administrative expenses of the FDIC as a receiver, will have priority over other general unsecured claims against a bank. If a bank fails, insured and uninsured depositors, along with the FDIC, will have priority in payment ahead of unsecured, non-deposit creditors and shareholders.

 

Areas regulated and monitored by the bank regulatory authorities include:

 

 

security devices and procedures;

 

adequacy of capitalization and loss reserves;

 

loans;

 

investments;

 

borrowings;

 

deposits;

 

mergers;

 

issuances of securities;

 

payment of dividends;

 

establishment of branches;

 

corporate reorganizations;

 

transactions with affiliates;

 

maintenance of books and records

 

and adequacy of staff training to carry out safe lending and deposit gathering practices. 

 

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act

 

The Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law in July, 2010 and provides for significant regulation and oversight of the financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act addresses, among other things, systemic risk, capital adequacy, deposit insurance assessments, consumer financial protection, interchange fees, derivatives, lending limits, thrift charters, and changes among the banking regulatory agencies. There are many provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act mandating regulators to adopt new regulations and conduct studies upon which future regulation may be based. While many have been issued, some remain to be issued and may have unintended effects on smaller banks.

 

The changes resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act impact and may further impact the profitability of our business activities, require changes to some of our business practices, or otherwise adversely affect our business. These impacts also require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make any changes necessary to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements. It may further necessitate higher levels of regulatory capital and/or liquidity and lead to a change in our business strategy. We cannot predict the effects of this legislation and the corresponding regulations on us, our competitors, or on the financial markets and economy, although it may significantly increase costs and impede efficiency of internal business processes.

 

Restrictions on Transactions with Affiliates and Loans to Insiders

 

Under Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act, the Bank is subject to restrictions that limit the transfer of funds or other items of value to the parent holding company, and any other non-bank affiliates in so-called “covered transactions.” The term “covered transaction” includes loans, leases, other extensions of credit, investments and asset purchases, issuance of a guarantee, as well as other transactions involving the transfer of value from the Bank to an affiliate or for the benefit of an affiliate. An affiliate of a bank is any company or entity which controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the bank. Unless an exemption applies, covered transactions by the Bank with a single affiliate are limited to 10% of the Bank’s capital stock and surplus (tangible capital) and all such transactions are required to be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the Bank or subsidiary, as those provided to a nonaffiliate. With respect to all covered transactions with affiliates in the aggregate, they are limited to 20% of the Bank’s capital and surplus.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act expanded the scope of Section 23A and includes investment funds managed by an affiliate institution as well as other hurdles. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act expanded coverage of transactions with insiders by including credit exposure arising from derivative transactions. The Dodd-Frank Act furthermore prohibits an insured depository institution from purchasing or selling an asset to an executive officer, director, or principal shareholder (or any related interest of such a person) unless the transaction is on market terms. If the transaction exceeds 10% of the institution’s capital, it must be approved in advance by a majority of the disinterested directors.

 

 

A bank’s authority to extend credit to executive officers, directors and shareholders with greater than 10% ownership, as well as entities controlled by such persons, is subject to Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O promulgated thereunder by the Federal Reserve. Among other things, these loans must be made on terms substantially the same as those offered to unaffiliated individuals. The amount of loans a bank may make to these persons is based, in part, on the bank’s capital position, and certain approval procedures must be followed in making loans which exceed specified amounts.

 

Basel III and Sarbanes-Oxley Act

 

The Bank is also subject to capital adequacy guidelines and prompt corrective action rules that implement the revised standards of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, commonly called Basel III, and address relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. Basel III and the regulations of the federal banking agencies require bank holding companies and banks to undertake significant activities to demonstrate compliance with certain capital standards. Compliance with these rules impose additional costs on the Company and the Bank.

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 comprehensively revised the laws affecting corporate governance, accounting obligations, and corporate reporting requirements for companies with debt or equity securities registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Compliance with this complex legislation and subsequent Securities and Exchange Commission rules is a major focus of all public corporations and will be so for the Company going forward. One of the more applicable provisions of this act is corporate responsibility for financial reports. Sarbanes-Oxley requires a public company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer to sign quarterly and annual reports stating that they have reviewed the reports and that the reports are true.

 

Capital

 

Developed by an international body known as the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, regulatory capital rules were released in July 2013 to implement capital standards (referred to as Basel III) and impose higher minimum capital requirements for bank holding companies and banks. The rules apply to all national and state banks and savings associations, regardless of size, and bank holding companies and savings and loan holding companies with more than $3 billion in total consolidated assets. More stringent requirements are imposed on “advanced approaches” banking organizations which are organizations with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets, $10 billion or more in total foreign exposures, or that have opted into the Basel III capital regime.

 

Banks are subject to regulatory capital requirements imposed by the Federal Reserve and the FDIC. Until a bank holding company’s assets reach $3 billion, the risk-based capital and leverage guidelines issued by the Federal Reserve are applied to bank holding companies on a nonconsolidated basis, unless the bank holding company is engaged in nonbank activities involving significant leverage, or it has a significant amount of outstanding debt held by the general public. Instead a bank holding company with less than $3 billion generally applies the risk-based capital and leverage capital guidelines on a bank only basis and must only meet a debt-to-equity ratio at the holding company level. The FDIC risk-based capital guidelines apply directly to insured state banks, regardless of whether they are subsidiaries of a bank holding company. Both agencies’ requirements, which are substantially similar, establish minimum capital ratios in relation to assets, both on an aggregate basis as adjusted for credit risks and off-balance sheet exposures. The risk weights assigned to assets are based primarily on credit risks. Depending upon the riskiness of a particular asset, it is assigned to a risk category. Under the guidelines, capital is compared to the relative risk related to the balance sheet. To derive the risk included in the balance sheet, risk weights (from 0% to 150%) are applied to different balance sheet and off-balance sheet assets, primarily based on the relative credit risk of the counterparty. The capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors.

 

Capital is then classified into three categories, Common Equity Tier 1, Additional Tier 1, and Tier 2. Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (“CET1”) is the sum of common stock instruments and related surplus net of treasury stock, retained earnings, Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”), and qualifying minority interests, less applicable regulatory adjustments and deductions that include AOCI (if an irrevocable option to neutralize AOCI is exercised). Mortgage-servicing assets, deferred tax assets, and investments in financial institutions are limited to an aggregate of 15% of CET1 and 10% of CET1 individually. Additional Tier 1 Capital includes noncumulative perpetual preferred stock, Tier 1 minority interests, grandfathered trust preferred securities, and Troubled Asset Relief Program instruments, less applicable regulatory adjustments and deductions. Tier 2 Capital includes subordinated debt and preferred stock, total capital minority interests not included in Tier 1, and ALLL not exceeding 1.25% percent of risk-weighted assets, less applicable regulatory adjustments and deductions.

 

 

Smaller banks, such as the Bank, are also subject to the following new capital level threshold requirements under the FDIC’s Prompt Corrective Action regulations.

 

 

Threshold Ratios

Capital

Category

 

Total

Risk-Based

Capital

Ratio

 

Tier 1

Risk-Based

Capital

Ratio

 

CET1

Risk-Based

Capital Ratio

 

Tier 1

Leverage

Capital Ratio

Well capitalized

 

10%

 

8%

 

6.5%

 

5%

Adequately

Capitalized

 

8%

 

6%

 

4.5%

 

4%

Undercapitalized

 

< 8%

 

< 6%

 

< 4.5%

 

< 4%

Significantly

Undercapitalized

 

< 6%

 

< 4%

 

< 3%

 

< 3%

Critically

Undercapitalized

 

Tangible Equity/Total Assets ≤ 2%

 

Community banks are also subject to the following minimum capital requirements:

 

Minimum CET1 ratio

4.5%

Capital conversion buffer

2.50%

Minimum tier 1 capital

6.0%

Minimum total capital

8.0%

 

Federal banking regulators’ risk-based capital guidelines also take account of interest rate risk. Interest rate risk is the adverse effect that changes in market interest rates may have on a bank’s financial condition and is inherent to the business of banking. Under the regulations, when evaluating a bank’s capital adequacy, the capital standards explicitly include a bank’s exposure to declines in the economic value of its capital due to changes in interest rates. The exposure of a bank’s economic value generally represents the change in the present value of its assets, less the change in the value of its liabilities, plus the change in the value of its interest rate off-balance sheet contracts.

 

Federal bank regulatory agencies possess broad powers to take prompt corrective action as deemed appropriate for an insured depository institution and its holding company, based on the institution’s capital levels. The extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution in question is considered “well-capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly under-capitalized,” or “critically undercapitalized.” Generally, as an institution is deemed to be less well-capitalized, the scope and severity of the agencies’ powers increase, ultimately permitting the agency to appoint a receiver for the institution. Business activities may also be influenced by an institution’s capital classification. For instance, only a “well-capitalized” depository institution may accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval and can engage in various expansion activities with prior notice, rather than prior regulatory approval. However, rapid growth, poor loan portfolio performance or poor earnings performance, or a combination of these factors, could change the capital position of the Bank in a relatively short period of time. Failure to meet these capital requirements could subject the Bank to prompt corrective action provisions of the FDIC, which may include filing with the appropriate bank regulatory authorities a plan describing the means and a schedule for achieving the minimum capital requirements. In addition, we would not be able to receive regulatory approval of any application that required consideration of capital adequacy, such as a branch or merger application, unless we could demonstrate a reasonable plan to meet the capital requirement within an acceptable period of time.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Bank was considered to be “well capitalized” with a 9.28% Tier 1 Leverage ratio; a 12.90% Common Equity Tier 1 Risk-based Capital ratio, a 12.90% Tier 1 Risk-based Capital ratio, and a 14.15% Total Risk-based Capital ratio.

 

 

Other Safety and Soundness Regulations

 

The federal banking agencies also have adopted guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards relating to internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate exposure, asset growth and compensation and benefits. The federal regulatory agencies may take action against a financial institution that does not meet such standards.

 

 

Payment of Dividends

 

PMHG is a legal entity separate and distinct from the Bank. The Company’s principal sources of funds to pay dividends on its common stock are capital retained from stock offerings and dividends from the Bank. Various federal and state laws and regulations limit the amount of dividends the Bank may pay to the Company without regulatory approval. The Federal Reserve Board is authorized to determine the circumstances when the payment of dividends would be an unsafe or unsound practice and to prohibit such payments. The rights of the Company, its shareholders, and creditors, to participate in any distribution of the assets or earnings of the Bank are also subject to the prior claims of creditors of the Bank. Additionally, the Florida Business Corporation Act provides that the Bank may only pay dividends if the dividend payment would not render the company insolvent, or unable to meet its obligations as they come due.

 

As a Florida state-chartered bank, the Bank is also subject to regulatory restrictions on the payment of dividends, including a prohibition of dividend payments from the Bank’s capital under certain circumstances without the prior approval of the OFR and the FDIC. Except with the prior approval of the OFR, all dividends of any Florida bank must be paid out of retained net profits from the current period and the previous two years, after deducting expenses, including losses and bad debts.

 

Banks are also required to hold a capital conservation buffer of CET1 in excess of their minimum risk-based capital ratios to avoid limits on dividend payments and certain other bonus payments. Those requirements are reflected in the table below:

 

 

 

 

Capital Conservation Buffer

(as a percentage of risk weighted assets)

 

Maximum Payout

Ratio (as a % of

the Previous Four

Quarters of Net

Income)

     

Greater than 2.5%

 

No payout limitation

Less than or equal to 2.5%

and greater than 1.875%

 

 

60%

Less than or equal to 1.875%

and greater than 1.25%

 

 

40%

Less than or equal to 1.25%

and greater than 0.625%

 

 

20%

Less than or equal to 0.625%

 

0%

 

The Federal Reserve expects bank holding companies to serve as a source of strength to their subsidiary bank(s), which may require them to retain capital for investment in their subsidiary bank(s), rather than pay dividends to shareholders. As stated previously, the Bank may not pay dividends to PMHG, if after paying those dividends, the Bank would fail to meet the required minimum levels under the risk-based capital guidelines and the minimum leverage ratio requirements. Payment of dividends by the Bank may be restricted at any time at the discretion of its applicable regulatory authorities, based upon the Bank’s capital position and asset quality.

 

Community Reinvestment

 

In connection with its lending activities, the Bank is subject to a number of federal laws designed to protect borrowers and promote lending to various sectors of the economy and population. These include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Truth-in-Lending Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and the Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”). The CRA requires the appropriate federal banking agency to assess the Bank's record in meeting the credit needs of the communities served by the Bank, including low and moderate-income neighborhoods. Under the CRA, institutions are assigned a rating of “outstanding,” “satisfactory,” “needs to improve,” or “substantial noncompliance.” The Bank received a “satisfactory” rating in its most recent CRA evaluation. In addition, pursuant to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, federal banking regulators have enacted regulations limiting the ability of banks and other financial institutions to disclose nonpublic consumer information to non-affiliated third parties. The regulations require disclosure of privacy policies and allow consumers to prevent certain personal information from being shared with non-affiliated third parties.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act created the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) as an agency to centralize responsibility for consumer financial protection, including implementing, examining and enforcing compliance with federal consumer financial laws. The CFPB has focused its rulemaking in several areas, particularly in the areas of mortgage reform involving the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Truth in Lending Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Since 2013, the CFPB has accomplished several big changes including requiring lenders to verify borrowers’ income and ability to repay loans and simplifying the disclosures borrowers receive when taking out a loan.

 

Additional rulemakings to come under the Dodd-Frank Act will dictate compliance changes for financial institutions. Any such changes in regulations or regulatory policies applicable to the Bank make it difficult to predict the ultimate effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

 

Bank Secrecy Act / Anti-Money Laundering Laws

 

Banking regulators intensely focus on Anti-Money Laundering and Bank Secrecy Act compliance requirements, particularly the Anti-Money Laundering provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. The USA PATRIOT Act substantially broadened the scope of U.S. anti-money laundering laws and regulations by creating new laws, regulations, and penalties, imposing significant new compliance and due diligence obligations, and expanding the extra-territorial jurisdiction of the U.S. These laws and regulations require the Bank to implement policies, procedures, and controls to detect, prevent, and report potential money laundering and terrorist financing and to verify the identity of its customers. Violations of these requirements can result in substantial civil and criminal sanctions. In addition, provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act require the federal financial institution regulatory agencies to consider the effectiveness of a financial institution’s anti-money laundering activities when reviewing bank mergers and BHC acquisitions.

 

Interstate Banking and Branching

 

Current federal law authorizes interstate acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies without geographic limitation. Furthermore, national banks and state banks are able to establish branches in any state if that state would permit the establishment of the branch by a state bank chartered in that state. Florida law permits a state bank to establish a branch of the bank anywhere in the state. Accordingly, with the elimination of interstate branching under the Dodd-Frank Act, a bank with its headquarters outside the State of Florida may establish branches anywhere within Florida.


Economic and Monetary Policies

 

The Bank’s earnings are affected by the policies of various banking regulatory authorities of the United States, especially the Federal Reserve and FDIC. The Federal Reserve, among other things, regulates the supply of money, credit and interest rates as a means of influencing general economic conditions within the United States. The instruments of monetary policy employed by the Federal Reserve for these purposes influence the overall level of investments, loans, other extensions of credit and deposits, and the interest rates paid on liabilities and received on assets.

 

As is generally true with all banking institutions, the Bank’s operations are materially and significantly influenced by these general economic conditions and by related monetary and fiscal policies of financial institution regulatory agencies, including the Federal Reserve and the FDIC. Deposit flows and the cost of funds are influenced by interest rates on competing investments and general market rates of interest. Lending activities are affected by the demand for real estate financing and other types of loans, which in turn, is affected by interest rates and other factors affecting local demand and availability of funds.

 

Enterprise Risk Management

 

As evidenced by many of the challenges that the financial industry has faced, we understand and place significant emphasis on risk management. We have invested resources in comprehensive software which monitors every component of the Bank. We believe that taking a global view of the Bank’s processes, down to the details of each procedure, will keep us properly focused. We recognize that enterprise risk management is an ongoing process.

 

Our solid asset quality statistics support our emphasis on risk management. With respect to lending, our risk management philosophy focuses on structuring credits to provide for multiple sources of repayment; this philosophy, coupled with strong underwriting policies and processes administered by experienced lenders, assists us with managing and mitigating our lending risks. As loans are reviewed, any borrowers who display deteriorating financial conditions are moved to an increased level of monitoring and a plan for implementing corrective actions is developed to minimize losses. We also have an annual independent, third-party loan review performed. In addition, our risk management software has the capability to stress test our portfolio utilizing mild and severe environments.

 

Our program also focuses on other specific areas of risk management including asset liability management, regulatory compliance, vendor management, policy review tracking, audit functions, and internal controls. Our asset liability management process is extensive; we use independent models by reputable third parties to run our interest rate risk model. We may utilize hedging techniques whenever our models indicate short term (net interest income) or long term (economic value of equity) risk to interest rate movements.

 

Our enterprise risk management program assists with monitoring operational controls and compliance control functions. We have also engaged an experienced independent public accounting firm to assist us with testing controls for operations and compliance. In addition, another experienced independent firm has been engaged to review and assess our controls with respect to technology and to perform penetration testing to assist us in managing the risks associated with information security.

 

Correspondent Banking

 

Correspondent banking gives the Bank access to services that we have determined are not economical or practical to perform ourselves. We purchase correspondent services offered by larger banks, including check collections, purchase of federal funds, security safekeeping, investment services, coin and currency supplies. We may also use correspondent banks for overline and liquidity loan participations and sales of loan participations.

 

 

Interest and Usury

 

The Bank is subject to numerous state and federal statutes that affect the interest rates that may be charged on loans. These laws do not, under present market conditions, deter the Bank from continuing to originate loans.

 

Item 1A

Risk Factors

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS OPERATIONS

 

Some of our borrowers will not repay their loans, and losses from loan defaults may exceed the allowance we establish for that purpose, which may have an adverse effect on our business.

 

Consistent with the financial institution industry, some of our borrowers inevitably will not repay loans that we make to them. This risk is inherent in the banking business. The risk of credit losses on loans varies with, among other things, general economic conditions, the type of loan being made, the creditworthiness of the borrower over the term of the loan and, in the case of a collateralized loan, the value and marketability of the collateral for the loan. If a significant number of loans are not repaid, it will have an adverse effect on our earnings and overall financial condition.

 

Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for loan losses to account for possible loan defaults and nonperformance. The allowance for loan losses reflects our best estimate of probable losses in the loan portfolio at the relevant time. This evaluation is based primarily upon the following: a review of our historical loan loss experience as adjusted for certain qualitative factors; known risks contained in the loan portfolio; known risks for each segment of our loan portfolio; composition and growth of the loan portfolio; and certain economic factors. Despite our best efforts, and particularly due to the fact that we have a limited loan loss history, the determination of an appropriate level of loan loss allowance is an inherently difficult process and is based on numerous assumptions and estimations. As a result, our allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover our actual losses, and future provisions for loan losses may adversely affect our earnings.

 

Our recent results may not be indicative of our future results.

 

We may not be able to sustain our historical rate of growth. In addition, our recent growth may distort some of our historical financial ratios and statistics. Various factors, such as economic conditions, regulatory and legislative considerations and limitations, and competition, may also impede or prohibit our efforts to expand our market presence. If we experience a significant decrease in our historical rate of growth, our results from operations and financial condition may be adversely affected due to a high percentage of our operating costs being fixed expenses.

 

Changes in business and economic conditions, in particular those of the Florida markets in which we operate, could lead to lower asset quality and lower earnings.

 

Unlike larger national or regional banks that are more geographically diversified, our business and earnings are closely tied to general business and economic conditions, particularly the economy of the Tallahassee MSA. The local economy is heavily influenced by government, education, real estate, and other service-based industries. Factors that could affect the local economy include declines in government spending, higher energy costs, reduced consumer or corporate spending, natural disasters or adverse weather and a significant decline in real estate values. A sustained economic downturn could adversely affect the quality of our assets, credit losses, and the demand for our products and services, which could lead to lower revenue and lower earnings.

 

Changes in interest rates affect our profitability and assets.

 

Our profitability depends to a large extent on the Bank’s net interest income, which is the difference between income on interest-earning assets such as loans and investment securities, and expenses on interest-bearing liabilities such as deposits and borrowings. We are unable to predict changes in market interest rates, which are affected by many factors beyond our control including inflation, economic recession, unemployment, money supply, domestic and international events, and changes in the United States and other financial markets.

 

At December 31, 2018, our one-year interest rate sensitivity position was slightly asset sensitive, such that a gradual increase in interest rates during the next twelve months would have a positive impact on our net interest income. Our results of operations are affected by changes in interest rates and our ability to manage this risk. The difference between interest rates charged on interest-earning assets and interest rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities may be affected by changes in market interest rates, changes in relationships between interest rate indices, and changes in the relationships between long-term and short-term market interest rates. Our net interest income may be reduced if: (i) more interest-earning assets than interest-bearing liabilities reprice or mature during a time when interest rates are declining; or (ii) more interest-bearing liabilities than interest-earning assets reprice or mature during a time when interest rates are rising. In addition, the mix of assets and liabilities could change as varying levels of market interest rates might present our client base with more attractive options.

 

 

Liquidity risk could impair our ability to fund operations and jeopardize our financial condition.

 

Liquidity is essential to our business. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, and other sources, could have a substantial negative effect on our liquidity. Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance our activities on terms that are acceptable to us could be impaired by factors that affect us specifically, the financial services industry, or the economy in general. Factors that could negatively impact our access to liquidity sources include a decrease of our business activity as a result of a downturn in the markets in which our loans are concentrated, adverse regulatory action against us, or our inability to attract and retain deposits. Our ability to borrow could be impaired by factors that are not specific to us, such as a disruption in the financial markets and diminished expectations or growth in the financial services industry.

 

We may not be able to retain or grow our core deposit base, which could adversely impact our funding costs.

 

Like many financial institutions, we rely on client deposits as our primary source of funding for our lending activities. Our future growth will largely depend on our ability to retain and grow our deposit base. Although we have historically maintained a high deposit client retention rate, these deposits are subject to potentially dramatic fluctuations in availability or price due to certain factors outside of our control, such as increasing competitive pressures for deposits, changes in interest rates and returns on other investment classes, client perceptions of our financial health and general reputation, or a loss of confidence by clients in us or the banking sector generally. Such factors could result in significant outflows of deposits within short periods of time or significant changes in pricing necessary to maintain current client deposits or attract additional deposits. Additionally, any such loss of funds could result in lower loan originations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our loan portfolio includes commercial, real estate, and consumer and other loans that may have higher risks.

 

Our commercial real estate, residential real estate and home equity, construction, commercial, and consumer and other loans at December 31, 2018, were $ 82.5 million, $ 121.5 million, $31.6 million, $51.0 million, and $6.7 million, respectively, or 28.1%, 41.4%, 10.8%, 17.4%, and 2.3% of total loans. Commercial loans and commercial real estate loans generally carry larger balances and can involve a greater degree of financial and credit risk than other loans. As a result, banking regulators continue to give greater scrutiny to lenders with a high concentration of commercial real estate loans in their portfolios, and such lenders are expected to implement stricter underwriting standards, internal controls, risk management policies, and portfolio stress testing, as well as higher capital levels and loss allowances. The increased financial and credit risk associated with these types of loans are a result of several factors, including the concentration of principal in a limited number of loans and borrowers, the size of loan balances, the effects of general economic conditions on income-producing properties, and the increased difficulty of evaluating and monitoring these types of loans.

 

Our continued pace of growth may require us to raise additional capital in the future, but that capital may not be available when it is needed.

 

We are required by federal and state regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. Our ability to raise additional capital will depend on conditions in the capital markets at that time, which are outside our control, and depend on our financial performance. Accordingly, there is no assurance as to our ability to raise additional capital if needed on terms acceptable to us. If we cannot raise additional capital to support our growth, our ability to further expand our operations through internal growth and acquisitions could be materially impaired.

 

We may be subject to losses due to fraudulent and negligent acts on the part of loan applicants, mortgage brokers, other vendors and our employees.

 

When we originate loans, we rely heavily upon information supplied by loan applicants and third parties, including the information contained in the loan application, property appraisal, title information, and employment and income documentation provided by third parties. If any of this information is misrepresented and such misrepresentation is not detected prior to loan funding, we generally bear the risk of loss associated with the misrepresentation.

 

Both our industry and our primary service area are highly competitive.

 

There are a number of national and regional financial institutions that compete with us in our primary service area, both within Tallahassee and Leon County in general, and Crawfordville, Florida. There are also numerous competitors in our new planned market area, Lakeland, Florida. By virtue of their larger capital resources, such institutions have significantly greater lending limits than we have, and these financial institutions have the ability to offer a greater mix of financial products and services than we are able to provide. In addition, we are also competing with other financial institutions, such as savings and loan associations and credit unions, for deposits and loans. Most of our competitors benefit from a more established market presence, greater capital, and a larger asset and lending base. As a result, we cannot anticipate the extent to which such competition may negatively affect our ability to operate profitably.

 

 

Our lending limit per borrower will continue to be lower than many of our competitors which may discourage potential clients and limit our loan growth.

 

The Bank’s legally mandated lending limit is lower than that of many of our larger competitors because we have less capital. At December 31, 2018, our legal lending limit for loans was approximately $9.5 million to any one borrower on a secured basis and $5.7 million on an unsecured basis. Furthermore, management has an established in-house lending limit of $5.0 million for any single secured loan or loan relationship and an in-house limit of $1.0 million for any single unsecured loan or loan relationship as of December 31, 2018. Although we have not experienced this to date, our lower lending limit may discourage potential borrowers with loan needs that exceed our limit from doing business with us. This may restrict our ability to grow. We attempt to serve the needs of these borrowers by selling loan participations to other institutions, but this strategy may not always succeed.

 

A significant portion of our loan portfolio is secured by real estate in our geographic markets and events that negatively impact the real estate market in our primary market could hurt our business.

 

Our interest-earning assets are heavily concentrated in mortgage loans secured by real estate, particularly real estate located in Leon County, Florida. As of December 31, 2018, approximately 80.3% of our gross loan portfolio (excluding loans held for sale) had real estate as a primary or secondary component of collateral. The real estate collateral, in each case, provides an alternate source of repayment in the event of default by the borrower; however, the value of the collateral may decline during the time the credit is extended. Real estate values and real estate markets are generally affected by a variety of factors including changes in economic conditions; fluctuations in interest rates; the availability of credit; changes in tax laws and other governmental statutes, regulations, and policies; and acts of nature. If we are required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan during a period of reduced real estate values to satisfy the debt, our earnings and capital could be adversely affected.

 

This concentration of loans subjects us to risks if there is a downturn in the economy or a recession similar to the one our country most recently experienced. A downturn could result in decreased loan originations and increased delinquencies and foreclosures, which could more greatly affect us than if our lending were more geographically diversified. In addition, since a large portion of our portfolio is secured by properties located in Leon County, Florida, the occurrence of a natural disaster, such as a hurricane, or a man-made disaster could result in a decline in loan originations, a decline in the value or destruction of mortgaged properties, and an increase in the risk of delinquencies, foreclosures or loss on loans originated by us.

 

We face additional risks due to our increased mortgage banking activities that could negatively impact net income and profitability.

 

We sell the majority of the mortgage loans that we originate. The sale of these loans generates noninterest income and can be a source of liquidity for the Bank. Disruption in the secondary market for residential mortgage loans could result in our inability to sell mortgage loans, which could negatively impact our liquidity position and earnings. In addition, declines in real estate values or increases in interest rates could reduce the potential for robust mortgage originations, which could negatively impact our earnings. As we do sell mortgage loans, we also face the risk that such loans may have been made in breach of our representations and warranties to the buyers and we could be forced to repurchase such loans or pay other damages.

 

The development of our mortgage lending business will depend on our ability to attract and retain effective loan origination officers and other sources of mortgage loan referrals.

 

The mortgage lending business is highly dependent on being able to successfully originate a consistent volume of loans. The primary ways we intend to do this is through the personal sales efforts of our mortgage lending officers and our development of loan referral sources, such as real estate brokers. If we are unable to attract and retain a productive team of such officers or develop an effective network of referral sources, we will likely be unable to generate a volume of mortgage loans to produce sufficient revenue for this line of business to be profitable. If we cannot operate this line of business in a profitable manner, we will likely incur losses due to expenses associated with attempting to establish the line of business.

 

Future economic growth in our market area may be slower compared to previous years.

 

The State of Florida’s population growth historically has exceeded national averages. Consequently, the state has experienced substantial growth in new business formation and public works spending. Although recently home prices have increased due to a moderate economic growth and migration into our market area, growth in our market area may still be restrained in the near term. Any decrease in existing and new home sales limits lending opportunities and negatively affects our income. Additionally, a decline in property values could lead to valuation adjustments on our loan portfolio.

 

 

Our business strategy depends on continued growth; therefore, our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.

 

We intend to continue pursuing a growth strategy for our business. Our business prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses, and difficulties that are frequently encountered by companies in significant growth stages of development. In light of the prevailing economic conditions, we cannot assure you we will be able to expand our market presence in our existing market, successfully enter new markets, or that any such expansion will not adversely affect our results of operations. Failure to manage our growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, future prospects, financial condition, or results of operations and could negatively affect successful implementation of our business strategy.

 

Reputational risk and social factors may impact our results.

 

Our ability to originate and maintain deposit accounts and loans is highly dependent upon client and community perceptions of our business practices and our financial health. Adverse perceptions regarding those factors could damage our reputation in our markets, leading to difficulties in generating and maintaining deposit and loan client relationships. Adverse developments with respect to the consumer or other external perceptions regarding the practices of our competitors, or our industry as a whole, may also adversely impact our reputation. Adverse impacts on our reputation, or the reputation of our industry, may also result in greater regulatory or legislative scrutiny, which may lead to laws, regulations or regulatory actions that may change or constrain the manner in which we engage with our clients and the products we offer. Adverse reputational impacts or events may also increase our litigation risk. We carefully monitor internal and external developments for areas of potential reputational risk and have established governance structures to assist in evaluating such risks in our business practices and decisions.

 

We may face risks with respect to future expansion.

 

We may engage in additional de novo branch expansion, expansion through acquisitions of existing branches of other financial institutions, or the acquisition of existing financial institutions in North and Central Florida, South Georgia, or South Alabama. We may consider and enter into new lines of business or offer new products or services. Branch expansion, acquisitions, and mergers involve a number of risks, including, but not limited to: (i) the time and costs associated with identifying and evaluating potential acquisitions and merger partners; (ii) inaccurate estimates and judgments regarding credit, operations, management, and market risks of the target institutions; (iii) the time and costs of evaluating new markets, hiring experienced local management, opening new offices, and the time lags between these activities and the generation of sufficient assets and deposits to support the costs of the expansion; (iv) our ability to finance an acquisition and possible dilution to our existing shareholders; (v) the diversion of our management’s attention to the negotiation of a transaction, and the integration of the operations and personnel of the combining businesses; (vi) our ability to penetrate new markets when we lack experience in those markets; (vii) the strain of growth on our infrastructure, staff, internal controls and managements, which may require additional personnel, time, and expenditures; (viii) exposure to potential asset quality issues with acquired institutions; (ix) the introduction of new products and services into our business that could prove costly; and (x) the possibility of unknown or contingent liabilities.

 

We may incur substantial costs to expand and we can give no assurance such expansion will result in the levels of profits we seek. There can be no guarantee that integration efforts of any future mergers or acquisitions will be successful. Also, we may issue equity securities, including common stock and securities convertible into shares of our common stock in connection with a future acquisition, which could cause ownership and economic dilution to our current shareholders.

 

Our business is exposed to the possibility of technology failure and a disruption in our operations may adversely affect our business.

 

The Bank relies on its computer systems and the technology of outside service providers for its daily operations. We rely on these systems to accurately track and record our assets and liabilities. If our computer systems or outside technology sources become unreliable, fail, or experience a breach of security, our ability to maintain accurate financial records may be impaired, which could materially affect our business operations and financial condition. In addition, a disruption in our operations resulting from failure of transportation and telecommunication systems, loss of power, interruption of other utilities, natural disaster, fire, global climate changes, computer hacking or viruses, failure of technology, terrorist activity, or the domestic and foreign response to such activity or other events outside of our control could have an adverse impact on the financial services industry as a whole and/or on our business. Our business continuity plan and disaster recovery plan may not be adequate and may not prevent significant interruptions of our operations or substantial losses. The increased number of cyber-attacks during the past few years has further heightened our awareness of this risk. As the environment for such attacks continues to evolve, we will continue to implement additional security controls.

 

 

A failure in or breach of our operational or security systems or infrastructure, or those of our third-party vendors and other service providers, including as a result of cyber-attacks, could disrupt our business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage our reputation, increase our costs and cause financial losses.

 

We rely heavily on communications and information systems to conduct our business. Information security risks for financial institutions such as ours have generally increased in recent years in part because of the proliferation of new technologies, the use of the internet and telecommunications technologies to conduct financial transactions, and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime, hackers, terrorists, activists, and other external parties. As client, public, and regulatory expectations regarding operational and information security have increased, our operational systems and infrastructure must continue to be safeguarded and monitored for potential failures, disruptions, and breaches. Our business, financial, accounting and data processing systems, or other operating systems and facilities may stop operating properly or become disabled or damaged as a result of a number of factors, including events that are wholly or partially beyond our control. For example, there could be electrical or telecommunications outages; natural disasters such as earthquakes, tornadoes, and hurricanes; disease pandemics; events arising from local or larger scale political or social matters, including terrorist acts; and, as described below, cyber-attacks.

 

As noted above, our business relies on our digital technologies, computer and email systems, software, and networks to conduct its operations. Although we have information security procedures and controls in place, our technologies, systems, networks, and our clients’ devices may become the target of cyber-attacks or information security breaches that could result in the unauthorized release, gathering, monitoring, misuse, loss or destruction of our or our clients’ confidential, proprietary and other information, or otherwise disrupt our or our clients’ or other third parties’ business operations. Third parties with whom we do business or that facilitate our business activities, including financial intermediaries, or vendors that provide services or security solutions for our operations, and other third parties, could also be sources of operational and information security risk to us, including from breakdowns or failures of their own systems or capacity constraints.

 

While we have disaster recovery and other policies and procedures designed to prevent or limit the effect of the failure, interruption or security breach of our information systems, there can be no assurance that any such failures, interruptions or security breaches will not occur or, if they do occur, that they will be adequately addressed. Our risk and exposure to these matters remains heightened because of the evolving nature of these threats. As a result, cybersecurity and the continued development and enhancement of our controls, processes and practices designed to protect our systems, computers, software, data and networks from attack, damage or unauthorized access remain a focus for us. As threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend additional resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measures or to investigate and remediate information security vulnerabilities. Disruptions or failures in the physical infrastructure or operating systems that support our businesses and clients, or cyber-attacks or security breaches of the networks, systems or devices that our clients use to access our products and services could result in client attrition, regulatory fines, penalties or intervention, reputational damage, reimbursement or other compensation costs, and/or additional compliance costs, any of which could materially adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

 

Technological changes, including online and mobile banking, have the potential of disrupting our business model, and we may have fewer resources than many competitors to invest in technological improvements.

 

The financial services industry is experiencing significant and rapid technological changes. Many of our bank and non-bank competitors frequently introduce new technology-driven products and services. Changes in client expectations and behaviors have increased the need to offer these options to our clients. Our future success will depend, in part, upon our ability to invest in and use technology to provide products and services that provide convenience to clients and to create additional efficiencies in operations. We will need to make significant additional capital investments in technology, and we may not be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services in a timely manner in response to changes in client behaviors, thus adversely affecting our operations. Many competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements than we do.

 

We may not be able to attract and retain skilled people.

 

Our success depends, in large part, on our ability to attract and retain key people. Competition for the best people in most activities we engage in can be intense and we may not be able to hire people or to retain them. An inability to develop and maintain a skilled and well qualified team of employees could have a material adverse impact on our business, because they are integral to the implementation of our business strategies and the provision of service to our clients. Finding qualified replacement personnel can be time consuming and expensive and distract us from our business activities.

 

We are dependent on key executive officers, the loss of which may be detrimental to our operations.

 

We are dependent on certain executive officers of the Company and the Bank, for their leadership and oversight in all aspects of our operations and the unexpected loss of any of these personnel could adversely affect our operations. Such adverse effects may be magnified if such officers were to become employed with a competitor of ours.

 

 

If our enterprise risk management framework is not effective, we could suffer unexpected losses and our results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our enterprise risk management framework seeks to achieve an appropriate balance between risk and return, which is critical to optimizing financial performance and stockholder value. We have established processes and procedures intended to identify, measure, monitor, report and analyze the types of risk to which we are subject, including credit, liquidity, operational, regulatory compliance and reputational. However, as with any risk management framework, there are inherent limitations to our risk management strategies as there may exist, or develop in the future, risks that we have not appropriately anticipated or identified. If our risk management framework proves ineffective, we could suffer unexpected losses and our business and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

We operate in a geographic location that is vulnerable to hurricanes; a direct hit could be detrimental to our operations.

 

In October 2018, Hurricane Michael had a devastating effect on the areas just west of Tallahassee, rendering them virtually inhabitable for long periods of time. We have a disaster recovery plan in place for such events that includes among other things plans to move a team of key employees to an offsite remote location. While management believes it has a viable plan in place to keep the Bank operational, it has never been fully tested in a major natural disaster.

 

 

LEGAL AND REGULATORY RISKS

 

We are subject to government regulation and monetary policy that could constrain our growth and profitability. 

 

We are subject to extensive federal government supervision and regulations that impose substantial limitations with respect to lending activities, purchases of investment securities, the payment of dividends, and many other aspects of the banking business. Many of these regulations are intended to protect depositors, the public, and the FDIC but not our shareholders. The banking industry is heavily regulated. We are subject to examinations, supervision and comprehensive regulation by various federal and state agencies. Our compliance with these regulations is costly and restricts certain activities of the Bank. Banking regulations are primarily intended to protect the Bank Insurance Fund and depositors, not shareholders. The burden imposed by federal and state regulations puts banks at a competitive disadvantage compared to less regulated competitors such as finance companies, mortgage banking companies and leasing companies. Federal economic and monetary policy may also affect our ability to attract deposits, make loans, and achieve our planned operating results.

 

 

Legislation and regulatory proposals enacted in response to market and economic conditions may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

Changes in the laws, regulations, and regulatory practices affecting the banking industry may increase our costs of doing business or otherwise adversely affect us and create competitive advantages for others. The Dodd-Frank Act in particular represents a significant overhaul of many aspects of the regulation of the financial services industry. These changes may impact the profitability of our business activities, require changes to some of our business practices, or otherwise adversely affect our business, as would other regulatory initiatives that may become effective. These changes may also require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make any changes necessary to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements. It may also require us to hold higher levels of regulatory capital and/or liquidity and it may cause us to adjust our business strategy and limit our future business opportunities. We cannot predict the effects of this legislation and the corresponding regulations on us, our competitors, or on the financial markets and economy, although it may significantly increase costs and impede efficiency of internal business processes.

 

Our information systems may experience an interruption or security breach.

 

We rely heavily on communications and information systems to conduct our business. We also provide our clients the ability to bank electronically through online banking, remote capture, mobile capture, and mobile banking. The secure transmission of confidential information over the internet is a critical element of banking online. Our network could be vulnerable to unauthorized access, computer viruses, phishing schemes, and other security problems. Any failure, interruption, or breach in the security of these systems could result in disruptions in our client relationship management, general ledger, deposit, loan, and other systems. While we have policies and procedures designed to prevent or limit the effects of possible failure, interruption, or security breach of our information systems, there can be no assurance that any such failure, interruption or security breach will not occur or, if they do occur, that they will be adequately addressed. The occurrence of any failure, interruption, or security breach of our information systems could damage our reputation, result in a loss of client business, subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or expose us to civil litigation and possible financial liability. While we do carry insurance to protect against losses resulting from such technology issues or breaches, we could be exposed to claims, litigation, and other possible liabilities that could exceed the maximum policy limits.

 

 

Florida financial institutions face a higher risk of noncompliance and enforcement actions with the Bank Secrecy Act and other Anti-Money Laundering statutes and regulations.

 

Banking regulators focus intensely on Anti-Money Laundering and Bank Secrecy Act compliance requirements, particularly the Anti-Money Laundering provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. They also intensely scrutinize compliance with the rules enforced by the Office of Foreign Assets Control. Both federal and state banking regulators and examiners have been extremely aggressive in their supervision and examination of financial institutions located in the State of Florida with respect to institutions’ Bank Secrecy Act and Anti-Money Laundering compliance. Consequently, a number of formal enforcement actions have been issued against Florida financial institutions.

 

In order to comply with regulations, guidelines, and examination procedures in this area, the Bank has been required to adopt policies and procedures and to install expensive systems. If our policies, procedures, and systems are deemed deficient, then we may be subject to liability, including fines and regulatory actions such as restrictions on our ability to pay dividends and the necessity to obtain regulatory approvals to proceed with certain aspects of our business plan including acquisition plans.

 

Higher FDIC deposit insurance premiums and assessments could adversely affect our financial condition.

 

The deposits of the Bank are insured by the FDIC up to legal limits and, accordingly, subject the Bank to the payment of FDIC deposit insurance assessments. The Bank’s regular assessments are determined by its risk classification, which is based on its regulatory capital levels and the level of supervisory concern that it poses. Any increases in assessment rates or special assessments which may occur in the future could reduce our profitability or limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.

 

The FASB has issued an accounting standard update that may result in a significant change in how we recognize credit losses and may have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) has issued an accounting standard update, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which replaces the current “incurred loss” model for recognizing credit losses with an “expected loss” model. This model is commonly referred to as the Current Expected Credit Loss (“CECL”). Under CECL, we will be required to present certain financial assets carried at amortized cost, such as loans held for investment and held-to-maturity debt securities, at the net amount expected to be collected. The measurement of expected credit losses is to be based on information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. This measurement will take place at the time the financial asset is first added to the balance sheet and periodically thereafter. This differs from the “incurred loss” model required under current generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), which delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. Accordingly, the adoption of the CECL model may affect how we determine our allowance for loan losses and could require us to significantly increase our allowance. Moreover, the CECL model may create more volatility in the level of our allowance for loan losses. If we are required to materially increase our level of allowance for loan losses for any reason, such increase could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

CECL will become effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019.  We continue to evaluate the impact that the CECL model will have on our accounting, and plan to run parallel modeling options during the second half of 2019, in preparation of the CECL effective date.  We expect to recognize a one-time cumulative-effect adjustment to our allowance for loan losses and retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period following implementation.  We cannot yet determine the magnitude of any such one-time cumulative adjustment or the overall impact of the new standard on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OWNERSHIP OF SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK

 

The limited trading market may make it difficult for you to sell your shares in the future.

 

Shares of our common stock trade on the OTCQX market under the symbol, “PMHG.” However, there is limited trading activity in our common stock. A public market having depth and liquidity depends on having enough buyers and sellers at any given time. Without an active trading market, shareholders may find it difficult to find buyers for their shares. Investors should be aware that they may be required to bear the financial risks of this investment for an indefinite period of time.

 

Our Board of Directors owns a significant percentage of our shares and will be able to make decisions to which you may be opposed.

 

As of March 8, 2019, the Company’s directors and executive officers as a group owned 650,542 shares of common stock, or 20.7% of our outstanding common stock. In addition, the directors and executive officers have stock options to acquire 70,457 shares of common stock, which, if fully exercised, would result in them owning 22.4% of our outstanding common stock. Our directors and executive officers are expected to exert a significant influence on the election of Board members and on the direction of the Company. This influence could negatively affect the price of our shares or be inconsistent with other shareholders’ desires.

 

 

We may face statutory restrictions on our ability to pay dividends in the immediate future.

 

In January 2019, the Board of Directors declared an annual dividend of $0.12 per share on our common stock, payable on March 5, 2019, to shareholders of record on February 14, 2019. PMHG’s ability to pay dividends to our shareholders depends on our retention of capital from our stock offerings and our possible receipt of dividends from the Bank. The Bank is also subject to restrictions on dividends as a result of banking laws, regulations, and policies. If PMHG has not retained sufficient capital and the Bank elects not to, or is unable to, pay dividends to PMHG, it is unlikely that PMHG will be able to pay dividends to its shareholders.

 

Item 1B 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2 

Properties

 

We operated out of three facilities during the year ended December 31, 2018 and plan to open our fourth facility in the second quarter of 2019.

 

Location

 

 

Use

 

 

Own or Lease

 

Year First

Occupied

             

1897 Capital Circle NE

Tallahassee, Florida 32308

 

Executive office and headquarters of the Company and main office and operations center of the Bank

 

Own

 

2012

             

1471 Timberlane Road

Tallahassee, Florida 32312

 

Branch office of the Bank

 

Lease

 

2007

             

2201 Crawfordville Highway

Crawfordville, Florida 32327

 

Branch office of the Bank

 

Own

 

2016

             

3340 South Florida Avenue

Lakeland, Florida 33803

  Proposed branch office of the Bank   Own   2019(1)

 

 

(1)

The Bank purchased this facility on February 15, 2019. The Bank is renovating the office and is scheduled to open during the second quarter of 2019.

 

Item 3 

Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we are a party to various matters incidental to the conduct of a banking business. Presently, we believe that we are not a party to any legal proceedings in which resolution would have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition, liquidity, results of operation, cash flows, or capital levels.

 

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosure

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder’s Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The Company’s common stock is traded on the OTCQX, an interdealer quotation system, under the symbol “PMHG.” As of March 8, 2019, there were 336 record holders of common stock. Quotations on the OTCQX reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Share Repurchase

 

We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock in 2018.

 

Stock Plans

 

The equity compensation plan information presented in Part III, Item 12 of this Form 10-K is incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

Item 6:

Selected Financial Data

 

The following table is a presentation of summary financial data for PMHG as of December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016 and for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016. The following Selected Financial Data should be read in conjunction with the other financial disclosures and discussions contained elsewhere in this report. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in future periods.

 

   

At or For the Years Ended December 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

Balance Sheet Data:

                       

Total assets

  $ 401,702     $ 347,180     $ 303,941  

Total loans, net

    290,113       250,259       222,768  

Total deposits

    349,067       298,297       275,347  

Total shareholders' equity

    50,820       46,973       27,082  
                         

Income Statement Data:

                       

Net interest income

  $ 13,927     $ 11,770     $ 9,943  

Provision for loan losses

    591       256       424  

Noninterest income

    1,306       1,153       1,098  

Noninterest expense

    9,380       8,115       7,180  

Income taxes

    1,220       1,735       1,217  

Net earnings

    4,042       2,817       2,220  
                         

Per Common Share Outstanding Data:

                       

Basic net earnings per common share

  $ 1.29     $ 1.04     $ 1.12  

Diluted net earnings per common share

    1.29       1.04       1.11  

Book value per common share

    16.19       15.06       13.51  

Common shares outstanding

    3,138,945       3,118,977       2,004,707  

Average common shares outstanding:

                       

Per basic:

    3,125,689       2,704,382       1,982,334  

Per diluted:

    3,131,546       2,711,699       1,991,161  

Performance Ratios:

                       

Return on average assets

    1.07

%

    0.85

%

    0.81 %

Return on average equity

    8.43       7.17       8.51  

Net interest margin

    3.81       3.68       3.74  
                         

Asset Quality Ratios:

                       

Allowance to loans

    1.25

%

    1.24

%

    1.28 %

Allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans

    1,070.47       2,340.30       354.62  

Nonperforming loans to total loans

    0.12       0.05       0.36  

Nonperforming assets to total assets

    0.09       0.04       0.27  

Net charge-offs (recoveries) to average loans

    0.02       0.00       0.01  

Troubled debt restructurings to loans

    0.22       0.09       0.03  
                         

Capital Ratios:

                       

Total risk-based capital ratio (Bank)

    14.15

%

    14.01

%

    12.95 %

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (Bank)

    12.90       12.80       11.70  

Common equity Tier 1 risked-based capital ratio (Bank)

    12.90       12.80       11.70  

Tier 1 leverage capital ratio (Bank)

    9.28       9.48       8.73  

Total equity to total assets (Bank)

    12.65       13.53       8.91  
                         

Other Data:

                       

Number of full-time employees

    79       71       64  

Number of full-service branch offices

    3       3       3  

 

 

Item 7:

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Certain information in this report may include “forward-looking statements” as defined by federal securities law. Words such as “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “is confident that,” and similar expressions are intended to identify these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty and a variety of factors could cause our actual results and experience to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements. We do not have a policy of updating or revising forward-looking statements except as otherwise required by law, and silence by management over time should not be construed to mean that actual events are occurring as estimated in such forward-looking statements.

 

Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and the operations of our subsidiary, Prime Meridian Bank, include, but are not limited to, changes in the following:

 

 

local, regional, and national economic and business conditions;

 

banking laws, compliance, and the regulatory environment;

 

unanticipated changes in the U.S. and global securities markets, public debt markets, and other capital markets;

 

monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government;

 

litigation, tax, and other regulatory matters;

 

demand for banking services, both loan and deposit products in our market area;

 

quality and composition of our loan or investment portfolios;

 

risks inherent in making loans such as repayment risk and fluctuating collateral values;

 

competition;

 

attraction and retention of key personnel, including our management team and directors;

 

technology, product delivery channels, and end user demands and acceptance of new products;

 

fraud committed by our clients or persons doing business with our clients;

 

consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;

 

any failure or breach of our operational systems, information systems or infrastructure, or those of our third-party vendors and other service providers, including cyber-attacks;

 

application and interpretation of accounting principles and guidelines;

 

natural disasters, public unrest, adverse weather, public health and other conditions impacting our or our clients’ operations;

 

and other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, or technological factors affecting us.

 

General

 

The following discussion and analysis present our financial condition and results of operations on a consolidated basis. However, because we conduct all of our material business operations through the Bank, the discussion and analysis relate to activities primarily conducted at the subsidiary level. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

As a one-bank holding company, we generate most of our revenue from interest on loans and investments. Our primary source of funding for our loans is deposits. Our largest expenses are interest on those deposits, salaries plus related employee benefits, and occupancy and equipment. We measure our performance through our net interest margin, return on average assets, and return on average equity, while maintaining appropriate regulatory leverage and risk-based capital ratios.

 

Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates 

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and with prevailing practices within the banking industry. Application of these principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes; therefore, our financial condition and results of operations are sensitive to accounting measurements and estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. When applying accounting policies in areas that are subjective in nature, the Bank must use its best judgment to arrive at the carrying value of certain assets. The most critical accounting policy applied is the valuation of our subsidiary bank's loan portfolio. A variety of estimates impact the carrying value of the loan portfolio including the calculation of the allowance for loan losses, the valuation of underlying collateral, the timing of loan charge-offs, and the amount and amortization of loan fees and deferred origination costs.

 

 

We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under current circumstances. These assumptions form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily available from independent, objective sources. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis. Use of alternative assumptions may have resulted in significantly different estimates and actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

We have identified the following accounting policy and estimate as critical. In order to understand our financial condition and results of operations, it is important to comprehend how these assumptions apply to our financial statements.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses. Our allowance for loan losses (“ALLL”) is established through a provision for loan losses charged to earnings as specific loan losses are identified by management and as inherent loan losses are determined to exist. Loan losses are charged against the ALLL when management believes the uncollectability of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the ALLL.

 

Our ALLL is evaluated for adequacy by management on a monthly basis and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loan portfolio in light of historical experience in the industry, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral, prevailing economic conditions and industry standards. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

Specific loan losses are identified and evaluated in accordance with ASC 310-10 – “Receivables.” A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment status include payment status and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not considered as impaired. We look at the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed.

 

When a loan is considered impaired, the amount of the impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis by comparing the recorded investment in the loan to any of the following measurements: the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price, or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. If the recorded investment in the loan is higher than the calculated impairment basis, the difference is maintained as a specific loan loss allocation, or it is charged off if the amount is determined to be uncollectible. As the Bank grows, management may elect to collectively evaluate large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans for impairment, instead of on a loan-by-loan basis.

 

Inherent loan losses are evaluated in accordance with ASC 450-20 – “Contingencies.” Management currently uses three years of historical loan loss data; however, because of limited loss experience we also take into account the following qualitative factors: (i) changes in lending policies and procedures, risk selection and underwriting standards; (ii) changes in national, regional and local economic conditions that affect the collectability of the loan portfolio; (iii) changes in the experience, ability, and depth of lending management and other relevant staff; (iv) changes in the volume and severity of past due loans, nonaccrual loans or loans classified “Special Mention,” “Substandard,” “Doubtful” or “Loss;” (v) the quality of loan review and Board of Directors oversight; (vi) changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio and terms of loans; (vii) the existence and effect of any concentrations of credit and changes in the level of such concentrations; and (viii) the effect of other external factors, trends or uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses, such as competition and industry conditions. As evidence of inherent loan loss increases, the appropriate qualitative risk factors may be increased to support any additional risk in the portfolio.

 

Recent Interest-Rate Trends

 

Like many other financial institutions, our results of operations are dependent on net interest income, which is the difference between interest received on interest-earning assets, such as loans and securities, and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities, namely deposits and borrowings. We are unable to predict changes in market interest rates, which are affected by many factors beyond our control including inflation, economic conditions, unemployment, money supply, domestic and international events, and changes in the United States and other financial markets. Our net interest income may be reduced if (i) more interest-earning assets than interest-earning liabilities reprice or mature during a time when interest rates are declining, or (ii) more interest-bearing liabilities than interest-earning assets reprice or mature during a time when interest rates are rising. We measure the potential adverse impacts of changing interest rates by shocking average interest rates up or down 100 to 400 basis points and calculating the potential impacts on our net interest income, liquidity, and economic value of equity. We utilize the results of these simulations to determine whether to increase or decrease our fixed rate loan portfolio, to adjust our investment in assets such as bonds, or to take other action in order to maintain or improve our net interest margin given the trending or expected interest rate changes.

 

 

As of December 31, 2018, 66.0% of our loan portfolio consisted of adjustable-rate loans, meaning these loans will adjust with changes in interest rates and pose less interest rate risk in a rising interest rate environment. Of these loans, $55.3 million, or 18.8% have interest rate ceilings in place which protects the borrower from rising interest rates. The majority of our loans with ceilings in place are residential mortgage loans. Also, as of December 31, 2018, 42.6% of the total loan portfolio was scheduled to mature in five years or less, which helps mitigate the risks of a fixed-rate loan portfolio in a rising interest rate environment. If interest rates increase, however, borrowers may be less inclined to seek new loans. In addition, higher interest rates could adversely affect an adjustable rate borrower’s ability to continue servicing debt. On the other hand, loans totaling $156.9 million, or approximately 53.5% of our total loan portfolio, have interest rate floors which will help protect our net interest margin in a decreasing rate environment.

 

Our ability to originate new loans may be further impeded by increased competition for high quality borrowers which leads to downward pricing pressure on loans, a general consumer and business bias towards reducing debt levels, and the lingering effects of the economic recession on the financial condition of both consumers and businesses, making the underwriting of new loans more challenging. 

 

Interest Rate Sensitivity

 

A principal objective of the Bank’s asset liability management strategy is to manage its exposure to changes in interest rates within Board approved policy limits by matching the maturity and re-pricing characteristics of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. This strategy is overseen through the direction of the Bank’s Asset and Liability Committee (“ALCO”), which establishes policies and monitors results to control interest rate sensitivity.

 

We model our current interest rate exposure in various rate scenarios, review our model assumptions, and then stress test those assumptions. Based on the results, we then formulate strategies regarding asset generation, funding sources and their pricing parameters, as well as evaluate off-balance sheet commitments in order to maintain interest rate risk within Board approved target limits. We utilize industry recognized Asset Liability models driven by third-party providers to analyze the Bank’s interest rate sensitivity. From these externally generated reports, ALCO can estimate both the effect on Net Interest Income and the effect on Economic Value of Equity (“EVE”) in various interest rate scenarios.

 

As a part of the Bank’s Interest Rate Risk Management Policy, our ALCO examines the extent to which the Bank’s assets and liabilities are “interest rate sensitive” and monitors its interest rate sensitivity. An asset or liability is considered to be interest rate sensitive, for income purposes, if its projected income/expense amount will change if interest rates change. Likewise, it is considered interest rate sensitive for EVE if its economic value will change if interest rates change.

 

In an asset sensitive portfolio, the Bank’s net income and EVE will increase in a rising rate environment as assets will re-price faster than liabilities. Conversely, if the Bank is liability sensitive and the liabilities re-price faster than the assets, net income and EVE will fall in a rising rate environment.

 

In modeling the Bank’s interest rate exposure, the Bank makes a number of important assumptions about the behavior of assets and liabilities. The critical assumptions fall into three main categories, Nonmaturity Deposit Assumptions, Loan Prepayment Assumptions, and Options. Currently, the most significant assumptions which affect the Bank’s interest rate sensitivity are the Nonmaturity Deposit Assumptions, followed by the Loan Prepayment Assumptions.

 

Nonmaturity Deposit Assumptions

 

Nonmaturity Deposit Betas – The Beta of a nonmaturity deposit is a measure of the repricing behavior of the deposit. Based on the Bank’s own historical experience, the Bank determines how much the price of a deposit will change as a percentage of the change in the market rates. For example, a 50% Beta means that the deposit price will change by 50% of the market rate change.

 

Nonmaturity Decay – We determine how “sticky” deposits are by assigning a “maturity” to the deposits, e.g. 120 months. These assumptions are based on our own experience by looking at both the age of the current deposit base and the historic monthly account closings experience. The lower the Beta (more fixed rate nature) and the higher the Decay (longer duration), the less sensitive a bank becomes.

 

Loan Prepayment Assumptions

 

We also determine how likely each asset or liability is to prepay or be withdrawn prior to its contracted maturity date. As refinancing rates become increasingly attractive, prepayment speeds increase as clients are able to prepay loans and refinance at lower rates. Conversely, prepayments decrease in a rising rate environment; however, time deposits will display the opposite behavior if clients are able to withdraw their CDs without significant penalty and reinvest at a higher rate. In a decreasing rate environment, clients generally hold their time deposits to maturity.

 

Loan prepayment speed changes are not linear; they will continue to increase as rates fall but will plateau as rates rise. Therefore, the Bank’s asset prices will not change linearly with market rate changes. The higher the prepayment speed of assets or withdrawal speed of term liabilities, the more liability sensitive the Bank becomes. The Bank monitors its prepayments and withdrawals and updates the assumptions used in the risk models on a monthly basis.

 

 

In addition, certain balance sheet instruments such as interest-rate floors or caps on loans, be they periodic or lifetime, and other optionality on investments, limit or increase income and create value changes of the instrument as interest rates change.

 

Options

 

We monitor our exposure to option-type effects and manage our option risk. The amount of option risk, aside from prepayment risk, is minimal.

 

We monitor our exposure on a monthly basis under thirteen different rate scenarios, including rates rising or declining by up to 4% and the current yield curve flattening or steepening. We compare these results to the Board’s established limits to determine if a limit has been compromised. If a limit is exceeded, we have policies and strategies in place to reduce the exposure back to acceptable levels. In addition, we also stress test all of our assumptions under these rate scenarios to determine at what point the Board approved target limits would be compromised, even if they are not currently compromised using the historically determined assumptions. If the limits are in danger of being compromised with relatively small assumption changes, we would adjust our strategy to reduce exposure. All of these assumptions, reports, stress tests, and strategies are reviewed by ALCO at least quarterly and all limit exceptions are reported to the Board.

 

Currently, we have not entered into any interest-rate swaps or similar off-balance sheet hedging instruments in connection with our asset liability management. Further discussion on off-balance sheet arrangements can be found in Note 8 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Our exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit, unused lines of credit, guaranteed accounts, and standby letters of credit is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments.

 

Our strategy is to maintain an interest rate risk position within the tolerance limits set by the Board of Directors in order to protect our net interest margin under extreme market fluctuations. Principal among our asset liability management strategies has been the emphasis on reducing exposure during periods of fluctuating interest rates. We believe that the type and amount of our interest rate sensitive liabilities should reduce the potential impact that a rise in interest rates might have on our net interest income.

 

We look to maintain a core deposit base by providing quality services to our clients, without significantly increasing our cost of funds or operating expenses. We anticipate that these accounts will continue to comprise a significant portion of the Bank’s total deposit base. We also maintain a portfolio of liquid assets in order to reduce overall exposure to changes in market interest rates. Likewise, we maintain a “floor,” or minimum rate, on certain of our floating or published base rate loans. These floors allow us to continue to earn a higher rate when the floating rate falls below the established floor rate. All interest rate ceilings and floors are clearly and closely related to the loan agreement; therefore, they are not bifurcated and valued separately.

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 

 

Net interest income constitutes the principal source of income for the Bank and results from the excess of interest income on interest-earning assets over interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities. The principal interest-earning assets are investment securities and loans receivable. Interest-bearing liabilities primarily consist of time deposits, interest-bearing checking accounts, savings deposits, money-market accounts, and other borrowings. Funds attracted by these interest-bearing liabilities are invested in interest-earning assets. Accordingly, net interest income depends upon the volume of average interest-earning assets and average interest-bearing liabilities and the interest rates earned or paid on these assets and liabilities.

 

The table below sets forth information regarding: (i) the total dollar amount of interest and dividend income of the Bank from interest-earning assets and the resultant average yields; (ii) the total dollar amount of interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities and the resultant average costs; (iii) net interest income; (iv) interest rate spread; (v) net interest margin; and (vi) weighted-average yields and rates. Yields and costs were derived by dividing annualized income or expense by the average balance of assets or liabilities. The yields and costs depicted in the table include the amortization of fees, which are considered to constitute adjustments to yields (dollars in thousands). As shown in the table below, year over year, the yield on the average balance of interest-earning assets increased 39 basis points, while the average balance of interest-earning assets increased $45.9 million, or 14.3%. This outpaced the 14.3%, or $31.5 million, increase in the average balance of total interest-bearing liabilities and the 38 basis-point increase in the cost of funds.

 

   

For the Year Ended December 31,

 
           

2018

                   

2017

         
   

Average

   

Interest

and

   

Yield/

   

Average

    Interest

and

   

Yield/

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

Balance

   

Dividends

   

Rate

   

Balance

   

Dividends

   

Rate

 

Interest-earning assets:

                                               

Loans(1)

  $ 283,967     $ 14,215       5.01

%

  $ 240,875     $ 11,403       4.73

%

Mortgage loans held for sale

    5,385       254       4.72       4,040       186       4.60  

Securities

    46,866       1,131       2.41       43,828       983       2.24  

Other(2)

    29,625       634       2.14       31,237       379       1.21  

Total interest-earning assets

    365,843     $ 16,234       4.44       319,980     $ 12,951       4.05  

Noninterest-earning assets

    13,445                       11,702                  

Total assets

  $ 379,288                     $ 331,682                  
                                                 

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                                               

Savings, NOW and money-market deposits

  $ 218,921     $ 1,824       0.83

%

  $ 198,642     $ 1,028       0.52

%

Time deposits

    32,665       483       1.48       21,403       153       0.71  

Total interest-bearing deposits

    251,586       2,307       0.92       220,045       1,181       0.54  

Other borrowings

    -       -               8       -          

Total interest-bearing liabilities

    251,586     $ 2,307       0.92       220,053     $ 1,181       0.54  

Noninterest-bearing deposits

    78,061                       70,856                  

Noninterest-bearing liabilities

    1,709                       1,490                  

Stockholders' equity

    47,932                       39,283                  

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

  $ 379,288                     $ 331,682                  
                                                 

Net earning assets

  $ 114,257                     $ 99,927                  

Net interest income

          $ 13,927                     $ 11,770          

Interest rate spread

                    3.52

%

                    3.51

%

Net interest margin(3)

                    3.81

%

                    3.68

%

                                                 

Ratio of average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

    1.45                       1.45                  

 

(1)   Includes nonaccrual loans

(2)    Other interest-earning assets include federal funds sold, interest-bearing deposits and FHLB stock.

(3)    Net interest margin is net interest income divided by total average interest-earning assets, annualized

 

 

Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Year ended December 31,

                 

Change 2018 vs. 2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Amount

   

Percent

 

Net Interest Income

  $ 13,927     $ 11,770     $ 2,157       18.3

%

Provision for Loan Losses

    591       256       335       130.9  

Noninterest income

    1,306       1,153       153       13.3  

Noninterest expense

    9,380       8,115       1,265       15.6  

Income Taxes

    1,220       1,735       (515 )     (29.7 )

Net Income

  $ 4,042     $ 2,817     $ 1,225       43.5

%

 

 

Net earnings for the year ended December 31, 2018, were $4.0 million or $1.29 per basic and diluted share compared to net earnings of $2.8 million, or $1.04 per basic and diluted share in 2017. The $1.2 million, or 43.5%, increase in net earnings is primarily attributed to organic loan growth, higher yields on interest-earning assets, higher transactional volume of debit cards, and a lower corporate income tax rate.

 

Net Interest Income

 

Our operating results depend primarily on our net interest income, which is the difference between interest and dividend income on interest-earning assets such as loans and investments, and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities such as deposits and borrowings. Net interest income was $13.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to $11.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Interest Income.

 

Year ended December 31,

                 

Change 2018 vs. 2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Amount

   

Percent

 

Interest income:

                               

Loans

  $ 14,469     $ 11,589     $ 2,880       24.9

%

Securities

    1,131       983       148       15.1  

Other

    634       379       255       67.3  

Total interest income

  $ 16,234     $ 12,951     $ 3,283       25.3

%

 

 

Year over year, the Company’s average net loan portfolio increased $43.1 million, or 17.9%. This organic growth, in conjunction with higher average loan yields, accounted for over 85% of the increase in total interest income. Higher rates paid on federal funds sold and higher interest income on mortgage-backed securities also contributed to the increase.

 

Interest Expense.

 

Year ended December 31,

                 

Change 2018 vs. 2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Amount

   

Percent

 

Total interest expense

  $ 2,307     $ 1,181     $ 1,126       95.3 %

 

 

The increase in the Company’s cost of funds year over year was driven by growing balances of time deposits and money market accounts and higher rates paid on those deposits. For the year ended December 31, 2018, the average balance of interest-bearing deposits increased $31.5 million, or 14.3%, while the average rates paid on deposits increased 38 basis points.

 

Provision for Loan Losses. For the year ended December 31, 2018, the provision for loan losses increased $335,000, or 130.9%, due to the Company’s 15.9% increase in net loans and additional reserves taken on impaired loans during the year.

 

 

Noninterest Income

 

Year ended December 31,

                 

Change 2018 vs. 2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Amount

   

Percent

 

Service charges and fees on deposit accounts

  $ 333     $ 322     $ 11       3.4

%

Mortgage banking revenue

    447       435     $ 12       2.8  

Income from bank-owned life insurance

    66       46     $ 20       43.5  

Other income

    460       350     $ 110       31.4  

Total noninterest income

  $ 1,306     $ 1,153     $ 153       13.3

%

 

 

Year over year, the driver of noninterest income was the $110,000 increase in other income, which is principally due to a higher volume of ATM and debit card transactions. The income from bank-owned life insurance increased year over year after the Bank purchased additional life insurance during the fourth quarter to expand coverage on additional key personnel. Growth in mortgage banking revenue slowed down in the second half of the year due to a decline in FHA loan originations and a general slowdown in secondary market loan production. Management expects both of these trends to continue into 2019.

 

 

Noninterest Expense

 

Year ended December 31,

                 

Change 2018 vs. 2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

Amount

   

Percent

 

Salaries and employee benefits

  $ 5,106     $ 4,236     $ 870       20.5

%

Occupancy and equipment

    932       947     $ (15 )     (1.6 )

Professional fees

    374       320     $ 54       16.9  

Marketing

    677       574     $ 103       17.9  

FDIC/State Assessment

    163       158     $ 5       3.2  

Software maintenance, amortization and other

    634       535     $ 99       18.5  

Other

    1,494       1,345     $ 149       11.1  

Total noninterest expense

  $ 9,380     $ 8,115     $ 1,265       15.6

%

 

 

Salaries and employee benefits continue to drive the increase in noninterest expense. The Bank has continued to add additional personnel as it positions itself for organic growth and possible expansionary activities. Full-time equivalent employees increased from seventy-one at December 31, 2017 to seventy-nine at December 31, 2018.

 

Also contributing to the growth in noninterest expense were modest increases in marketing expense, software maintenance, amortization, and other expense, and other noninterest expense. The gains in other noninterest expense are primarily attributed to options expense for directors, increased ATM network expense, and higher losses from fraud and forgeries.

 

Our operating efficiency ratio, expressed as noninterest expense as a percent of net interest income plus noninterest income improved slightly from 62.8% in 2017 to 61.6% in 2018.

 

Income Taxes 

 

The provision for income taxes decreased $515,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to the year ended December 31, 2017. The Company benefitted from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which reduced the corporate income tax from 34% to 21%.

 

 

Rate/Volume Analysis

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding changes in interest income and interest expense for the periods indicated. For each category of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, information is provided on changes attributable to: (i) changes in rate (change in rate multiplied by prior volume); (ii) changes in volume (changes in volume multiplied by prior rate); and (iii) changes in rate-volume (change in rate multiplied by change in volume). As disclosed in the table below, the higher volume of loans was the primary driver of the increase in net interest income in 2018.

 

   

Year Ended December 31, 2018 versus 2017

 
   

Rate

   

Volume

   

Rate/Volume

   

Total

 
                                 

(in thousands)

                               

Interest-earning assets:

                               

Loans

  $ 658     $ 2,103     $ 119     $ 2,880  

Securities

    75       68       5       148  

Other interest-earning assets

    290       (20 )     (15 )     255  

Total

  $ 1,023     $ 2,151     $ 109     $ 3,283  
                                 

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                               

Savings, NOW and money-market deposits

  $ 627     $ 105     $ 64     $ 796  

Time deposits

    163       81       86       330  

Total Deposits

    790       186       150       1,126  

Total change in net interest income

  $ 233     $ 1,965     $ (41 )   $ 2,157  

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Average interest-earning assets increased $45.9 million from $320.0 million at December 31, 2017 to $365.8 million at December 31, 2018, primarily reflecting growth in our loan portfolio. Year over year, the average balance of portfolio loans grew 17.9% to $284.0 million at December 31, 2018, due solely to organic growth.

 

Investment Securities

 

Our investment securities portfolio is a significant part of our operations and a key component of our asset/liability management. Our primary objective in managing our investment portfolio is to maintain a portfolio of high quality, highly liquid investments yielding competitive returns. We use the investment securities portfolio for several purposes. It serves as a vehicle to manage interest rate and prepayment risk, to generate interest and dividend income, to provide liquidity to meet funding requirements, and to provide collateral for pledging of public funds. We manage our investment portfolio according to a written investment policy approved by our Board of Directors in order to accomplish these goals. Currently, two types of classifications are approved for investment securities in our portfolio - Available-for-Sale and Held-to-Maturity. Adjustments are sometimes necessary in the portfolio to provide liquidity for funding loan demand and deposit fluctuations and to control interest rate risk. Therefore, from time to time, management may sell certain securities prior to their maturity.

 

At December 31, 2018, our Available-for-Sale investment portfolio included U.S. Treasury notes, municipal securities, and mortgage-backed securities and had a fair market value of $45.4 million. At December 31, 2018 and 2017, our investment securities portfolio represented approximately 11.3% and 14.3% of our total assets, respectively. The average balance of investment securities increased 6.9%, or $3.0 million year over year, while the average yield on investment securities increased from 2.24% for the year ended December 31, 2017 to 2.41% for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

 

The following table sets forth the carrying amount of the investment portfolio as of the dates indicated:

 

   

At December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

(in thousands)

               

Available for Sale:

               

U.S. Government agency securities

  $ 799     $ 1,249  

Municipal securities

    11,529       12,373  

Mortgage-backed securities

    33,056       36,187  

Total securities available for sale

  $ 45,384     $ 49,809  

 

 

The carrying amount and weighted average yields for investments as of December 31, 2018 are shown below:

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

U.S.

Government

Agency

   

Municipal

   

Mortgage-

Backed

   

Total

   

Weighted-

Average Yields

 

Due in one to five years

  $ 799     $ 3,432     $ -     $ 4,231       2.49 %

Due in five to ten years

    -       5,496       -       5,496       2.92  

Due after ten years

    -       2,601       -       2,601       3.38  

No defined maturity

    -       -       33,056       33,056       2.52  

Total

  $ 799     $ 11,529     $ 33,056     $ 45,384       2.62

%

                                                                                                                              

* All securities are listed at actual yield and not on a tax-equivalent basis.

 

 

Cash Surrender Value of Bank-Owned Life Insurance

 

We maintained investments of $6.3 million and $1.8 million in Bank-Owned Life Insurance policies at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, due to attractive risk-adjusted returns and for protection against the loss of key executives, including our Chief Executive Officer Sammie D. Dixon and Senior Lender and Executive Vice President Chris L. Jensen, Jr. The Company increased its investment in bank-owned life insurance increased in 2018 in order to expand coverage to additional key personnel.

 

Loans

 

Our primary earning asset is our loan portfolio and our primary source of income is the interest earned on the loan portfolio. Our loan portfolio is divided into three portfolio segments - real estate mortgage loans, commercial loans and consumer and other loans - and five portfolio classes - commercial real estate loans, residential and home equity loans, construction loans, commercial loans, and consumer and other loans.

 

We work diligently to attract new lending clients through direct solicitation by our loan officers, utilizing relationship networks from existing clients and community involvement, competitive pricing, and innovative structure. Evidence of this effort is seen in the organic growth in our loan portfolio where we saw growth across all portfolio classes in 2018, with the exception of consumer loans. As of December 31, 2018, the Bank’s net loans were $290.1 million, representing 72.2% of total assets, compared to net loans of $250.3 million as of December 31, 2017, representing 72.1% of total assets. These loans were priced based upon the degree of risk, collateral, loan amount, and maturity. We have no loans to foreign borrowers.

 

 

The composition of our loan portfolio as of the dates indicated was as follows:

 

   

As of December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

   

% of

Total

   

Amount

   

% of

Total

   

Amount

   

% of

Total

 

Real estate mortgage loans:

                                               

Commercial

  $ 82,494       28.1

%

  $ 79,565       31.5

%

  $ 65,805       29.2

%

Residential and home equity

    121,454       41.4       94,824       37.4       88,883       39.4  

Construction

    31,601       10.8       26,813       10.6       19,991       8.9  

Total real estate mortgage loans

    235,549       80.3       201,202       79.5       174,679       77.5  
                                                 

Commercial

    51,018       17.4       44,027       17.4       46,340       20.6  

Consumer and other loans

    6,747       2.3       7,742       3.1       4,275       1.9  

Total loans

    293,314       100.0

%

    252,971       100.0

%

    225,294       100.0

%

Less:

                                               

Net deferred loan fees

    460               424               350          

Allowance for loan losses

    (3,661 )             (3,136 )             (2,876 )        

Loans, net

  $ 290,113             $ 250,259             $ 222,768          

 

 

 

Maturities of Loans

 

The following tables show the contractual maturities of the Bank’s loan portfolio at December 31, 2018. Loans with scheduled maturities are reported in the maturity category in which the payment is due. Demand loans with no stated maturity and overdrafts are reported in the “due one year or less” category. Loans that have adjustable rates are shown as amortizing to final maturity rather than when the interest rates are next subject to change. The tables do not include prepayment or scheduled principal repayments.

 

(in thousands)

 

Due in

One Year

or Less

   

Due in

One to

Five Years

   

Due After

Five Years

   

Total

 

Type of loans

                               
Real estate mortgage loans:                                

Commercial

  $ 5,492     $ 22,004     $ 54,998     $ 82,494  

Residential and home equity

    9,799       19,294       92,361       121,454  

Construction

    17,816       2,981       10,804       31,601  

Total real estate mortgage loans

    33,107       44,279       158,163       235,549  

Commercial

    21,713       19,140       10,165       51,018  

Consumer and other loans

    2,237       4,401       109       6,747  

Total loans

  $ 57,057     $ 67,820     $ 168,437     $ 293,314  

 

 

Sensitivity. For loans due after one year or more, the following table presents the sensitivities to changes in interest rates at December 31, 2018:

 

(in thousands)

 

Fixed

Interest

Rate

   

Floating

Interest

Rate

   

Total

 

Type of loans

                       
Real estate mortgage loans:                        

Commercial

  $ 22,435     $ 54,567     $ 77,002  

Residential and home equity

    24,397       87,258       111,655  

Construction

    2,842       10,943       13,785  

Total real estate mortgage loans

    49,674       152,768       202,442  

Commercial

    20,000       9,305       29,305  

Consumer and other loans

    1,950       2,560       4,510  

Total loans

  $ 71,624     $ 164,633     $ 236,257  

 

 

Nonperforming Assets

 

Nonperforming assets consist of nonperforming loans and other real estate owned, (“OREO”). Nonperforming loans include loans that are on nonaccrual status which includes nonperforming loans restructured as troubled debt restructurings, where we have granted a concession on the interest rate or original repayment terms due to financial difficulties of the borrower, and loans past due greater than 90 days and still accruing interest. OREO consists of real property acquired through foreclosure. We account for troubled debt restructurings in accordance with ASC 310, “Receivables.”

 

We generally place loans on nonaccrual status when they become 90 days or more past due, unless they are well secured and in the process of collection. We also place loans on nonaccrual status if they are less than 90 days past due if the collection of principal or interest is in doubt. When a loan is placed on nonaccrual status, any interest previously accrued, but not collected, is reversed from income.

 

Accounting standards require the Bank to identify loans as impaired loans when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Bank will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. These standards require that impaired loans be valued at the present value of expected future cash flows, discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, using one of the following methods: the observable market price of the loan or the fair value of the underlying collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. We implement these standards in our monthly review of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses and identify and value impaired loans in accordance with guidance on these standards. Nine loans totaling $1.2 million were deemed to be impaired under the Bank’s policy at December 31, 2018, while two loans totaling $134,000 and four loans totaling $811,000 were deemed to be impaired under the Bank’s policy at December 31, 2017, and 2016, respectively.

 

Our goal is to maintain a high quality of loans through sound underwriting and lending practices. As of December 31, 2018, 2017, and, 2016, approximately 80.3%, 79.5%, and 77.5%, respectively, of the total loan portfolio were collateralized by commercial and residential real estate mortgages. The level of nonperforming loans and OREO also is relevant to the credit quality of a loan portfolio. As of December 31, 2018, December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, there were $342,000, $134,000, and $811,000, respectively, in nonperforming loans. We had no OREO at December 31, 2018, 2017, or 2016.

 

 

The goal of the loan review process is to identify and address classified and nonperforming loans as early as possible. The following table sets forth certain information on nonaccrual loans and OREO, the ratio of such loans and foreclosed assets to total assets as of the dates indicated, and certain other related information.

 

   

At December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

(dollars in thousands)

                       

Total nonperforming loans

  $ 342     $ 134     $ 811  

OREO

    -       -       -  

Total nonperforming loans and foreclosed assets

  $ 342     $ 134     $ 811  

Total nonperforming loans as a percentage of total loans

    0.12

%

    0.05

%

    0.36

%

Total nonperforming assets as a percentage of total assets

    0.09

%

    0.04

%

    0.27

%

                         

Loans restructured as troubled debt restructurings

  $ 641     $ 221     $ 76  

Troubled debt restructurings to loans

    0.22

%

    0.09

%

    0.03

%

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

As of December 31, 2018, our ALLL was allocated mostly to inherent loan losses using historical loss experience and qualitative risk factors, but we also had a $211,000 allocation for specific loan losses. Our ALLL was allocated as follows, as of the indicated dates.

 

   

As of December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 
   

Amount

   

% of Loans to

Total Loans

   

Amount

   

% of Loans to

Total Loans

   

Amount

   

% of Loans to

Total Loans

 

(dollars in thousands)

                                               

Commercial real estate

  $ 917       28.1

%

  $ 894       31.5

%

  $ 775       29.2

%

Residential real estate and home equity

    1,397       41.4       1,097       37.4       1,074       39.4  

Construction

    391       10.8       331       10.6       258       8.9  

Commercial

    876       17.4       724       17.4       714       20.6  

Consumer

    80       2.3       90       3.1       55       1.9  

Total loans

  $ 3,661       100.0

%

  $ 3,136       100.0

%

  $ 2,876       100.0

%

 

 

The following table sets forth certain information with respect to activity in our ALLL during the years indicated:

 

   

Year Ended December 31,

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

ALLL at beginning of year

  $ 3,136     $ 2,876     $ 2,473  

Charge-offs:

                       

Construction

    (3 )     -       -  

Commercial

    (58 )     -       (17 )

Consumer

    (20 )     (35 )     (19 )

Total charge-offs

    (81 )     (35 )     (36 )

Recoveries:

                       

Commercial

    6       16       -  

Consumer

    9       23       15  

Total recoveries

    15       39       15  

Provision for loan losses charged to earnings

    591       256       424  

ALLL at end of year

  $ 3,661     $ 3,136     $ 2,876  
                         

Ratio of net charge-offs (recoveries) during the year

    (0.02

)%

    -

%

    (0.01 )%

ALLL as a percentage of total loans at end of year

    1.25

%

    1.24

%

    1.28

%

ALLL as a percentage of nonperforming loans

    1,070.5

%

    2,340.3

%

    354.6

%

 

 

We believe that our ALLL at December 31, 2018, appropriately reflected the risk inherent in the portfolio as of that date. The methodologies used in the calculation are in compliance with regulatory policy and GAAP.

 

 

Deposits

 

The major source of the Bank’s funds for lending and other investment purposes are deposits, in particular core deposits and non-maturity deposits. Management believes that substantially all of our depositors are residents in our primary market area. Total deposits were $349.1 million at December 31, 2018, compared to $298.3 million at December 31, 2017, a $50.8 million, or 17.0%, increase. Noninterest-bearing deposits increased by $3.9 million, while interest-bearing deposits increased by $46.9 million.

 

The following table sets forth the distribution by type of our deposit accounts at the dates indicated:

 

     

As of December 31,

 
     

2018

   

2017

 

(dollars in thousands)

   

Amount

   

% of

Deposits

   

Amount

   

% of

Deposits

 

Deposit Types

                                 

Noninterest-bearing deposits

    $ 80,097       22.9

%

  $ 76,216       25.5

%

Money-market accounts

      171,219       49.1       152,921       51.3  

NOW

      47,229       13.5       39,896       13.4  

Savings

      9,226       2.6       7,210       2.4  

Subtotal

      307,771       88.2       276,243       92.6  
                                   

Time deposits:

                                 
0.00 - 0.50%       1,265       0.4       7,075       2.4  
0.51 - 1.00%       5,747       1.6       7,197       2.4  
1.01 - 1.50%       3,734       1.1       5,731       1.9  
1.51 - 2.00%       7,365       2.1       2,051       0.7  
2.01 - 2.50%       18,909       5.4       -       -  
2.51 - 3.00%       4,276       1.2       -       -  

Total time deposits

      41,296       11.8       22,054       7.4  
                                   

Total deposits

    $ 349,067       100.0

%

  $ 298,297       100.0

%

 

 

The following table presents the maturities of our time deposits of $250,000 or more as of December 31, 2018:

 

(in thousands)

       

Time Deposits >$250,000

       

Due in three months or less

  $ 1,008  

Due from three months to six months

    1,950  

Due from six months to one year

    7,948  

Due over one year

    9,796  

Total

  $ 20,702  

 

 

Borrowings

 

Deposits are the primary source of funds for our lending and investment activities and general business purposes. However, as an alternate source of liquidity, the Company may obtain advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta, (“FHLB”) sell investment securities subject to our obligation to repurchase them, purchase federal funds from designated correspondent banks, and engage in overnight borrowings from the Federal Reserve, correspondent banks, or client repurchase agreements. The level of short-term borrowings can fluctuate on a daily basis depending on funding needs and the source of the funds to satisfy the needs.

 

The Bank has an agreement with the FHLB and pledges its qualified loans as collateral which would allow the Bank, as of December 31, 2018, to borrow up to $35.8 million. There were no advances outstanding at December 31, 2018 or 2017.

 


Capital Adequacy

 

Stockholders’ equity was $50.8 million as of December 31, 2018, compared to $47.0 million as of December 31, 2017.  The Company announced on January 30, 2019, an annual dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock payable on March 5, 2019, to shareholders of record on February 14, 2019.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Bank was considered to be “well capitalized” with a 9.28% Tier 1 Leverage ratio; a 12.90% Common Equity Tier 1 Risk-based Capital ratio and Tier 1 Risk-based Capital ratio, and a 14.15% Total Risk-based Capital ratio. Effective January 1, 2015, banks became subject to the following new capital level threshold requirements under the FDIC’s Prompt Corrective Action regulations.

 

 

   

Actual

   

For Capital Adequacy

Purposes

   

For Well Capitalized

Purposes

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

   

Percentage

   

Amount

   

Percentage

   

Amount

   

Percentage

 

As of December 31, 2018

                                               

Tier 1 Leverage ratio to Average Assets

  $ 37,805       9.28

%

  $ 16,288       4.00

%

  $ 20,360       5.00

%

Common Equity Tier 1 Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets

    37,805       12.90       13,190       4.50       19,052       6.50  

Tier 1 Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets

    37,805       12.90       17,587       6.00       23,449       8.00  

Total Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets

    41,466       14.15       23,449       8.00       29,311       10.00  
                                                 

As of December 31, 2017: