10-Q 1 ea0203589-10q_pmvcon.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(MARK ONE)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2024

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________ to _________

 

Commission file number: 001-39534

 

PMV Consumer Acquisition Corp.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware   84-5174573
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

249 Royal Palm Way, Suite 503

Palm Beach, FL 33480

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(561) 318-3766

(Issuer’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share   PMVC   N/A
         
Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $503.61 per share   PMVC.WS   N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No ☐

 

As of May 14, 2024, there were 73,169 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 26,831 shares of Class B convertible common stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

 

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2024

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
Part I. Financial Information   1
Item 1. Financial Statements   1
Condensed Balance Sheets   1
Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited)   2
Condensed Statements of Changes in Stockholder’s Equity (Unaudited)   3-4
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)   5
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements   6
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   17
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   20
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   20
     
Part II. Other Information   21
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   21
Item 1A. Risk Factors   21
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   37
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   37
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   37
Item 5. Other Information   37
Item 6. Exhibits   38
     
Part III. Signatures   39

 

i

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2024   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents  $1,171,427   $1,072,630 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   18,039    129,474 
TOTAL ASSETS  $1,189,466   $1,202,104 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY          
Current liabilities          
Accrued expenses  $179,971   $175,745 
Accounts payable – related party   422,000    392,000 
Income taxes payable   40,778    10,259 
Total current liabilities   642,749    578,004 
           
Derivative warrant liabilities   2,980    2,980 
Total Liabilities   645,729    580,984 
           
Commitments and contingencies   
 
    
 
 
           
Stockholder’s Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding   
    
 
Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock), $0.0001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; 73,169 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023   7    7 
Class B convertible common stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; 26,831 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023   3    3 
Additional paid-in capital   1,032,917    1,032,917 
Accumulated deficit   (489,190)   (411,807)
Total Stockholder’s Equity   543,737    621,120 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY  $1,189,466   $1,202,104 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements. 

 

1

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

 

   For the Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2024   2023 
General and administrative expenses  $54,777   $100,154 
Franchise tax expense   5,286    7,500 
Loss from operations   (60,063)   (107,654)
           
Other income:          
Interest earned on money market account   13,199    9,480 
Other income   13,199    9,480 
           
Loss before provision for income taxes   (46,864)   (98,174)
Provision for income taxes   (30,519)   (416)
Net loss  $(77,383)  $(98,590)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, of Class A convertible common stock, basic and diluted
       68,506 
           
Basic and diluted net loss per share, Class A convertible common stock
  $   $(0.99)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, of Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock), basic and diluted
   73,169    4,663 
           
Basic and diluted net loss per share, Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock)
  $(0.77)  $(0.99)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, of Class B convertible common stock, basic and diluted
   26,831    26,831 
           
Basic and diluted net loss per share, Class B convertible common stock
  $(0.77)  $(0.99)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

2

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

   Class A
Convertible
Common Stock
   Class A
(fka Class C)
Common Stock
   Class B
Convertible
Common Stock
   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total Stockholder’s 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance – January 1, 2024      $
    73,169   $7    26,831   $3   $1,032,917   $(411,807)  $621,120 
                                              
Net loss       
        
        
    
    (77,383)   (77,383)
                                              
Balance – March 31, 2024      $
    73,169   $7    26,831   $3   $1,032,917   $(489,190)  $543,737 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

3

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023
(Unaudited)

 

   Class A
Convertible
Common Stock
   Class A
(fka Class C)
Common Stock
   Class B
Convertible
Common Stock
   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholder’s
 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance – January 1, 2023   68,506   $7    4,663   $
    26,831   $3   $1,032,917   $(303,666)  $729,261 
                                              
Net loss       
        
        
    
    (98,590)   (98,590)
                                              
Balance – March 31, 2023   68,506   $7    4,663   $
    26,831   $3   $1,032,917   $(402,256)  $630,671 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

4

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

   For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2024   2023 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:        
Net loss  $(77,383)  $(98,590)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Changes in operating assets and liabilities          
Other receivable   
    42,424 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   111,435    46,989 
Income taxes payable   30,519    416 
Accrued expenses   4,226    (113)
Accounts payable – related party   30,000    30,000 
Net cash provided by operating activities   98,797    21,126 
           
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents   98,797    21,126 
Cash and cash equivalents – Beginning of period   1,072,630    1,149,157 
Cash and cash equivalents – End of period  $1,171,427   $1,170,283 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

5

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS

 

PMV Consumer Acquisition Corp. (the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware on March 18, 2020. The Company was formed for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities.

 

Although the Company is not limited to a particular industry or sector for purposes of identifying a potential business opportunity and consummating a transaction, the Company intends to focus its search on business opportunities in the consumer industry. The Company is an early stage and emerging growth company and, as such, the Company is subject to all of the risks associated with early stage and emerging growth companies.

 

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had not commenced any operations. All activity through March 31, 2024, relates to the Company’s formation, the initial public offering (“Initial Public Offering”) and simultaneous private sale of warrants (“Private Warrants”), which is described below, and identifying a potential business opportunity. It is unlikely that the Company will generate any operating revenues until after the completion of a transaction, at the earliest. The Company generates non-operating income in the form of interest income.

 

The Company initially had until September 21, 2022, to complete a business combination (the “Combination Period”). On September 21, 2022, the Company held a special meeting of stockholders (the “Meeting”). The purpose of the Meeting was to approve the following amendments to the Company’s certificate of incorporation; to extend the date by which the Company had to consummate a business combination for one year, from September 21, 2022 to September 21, 2023, conditioned on the deposit of 200,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock (to be converted into Class C common stock) into the Company’s Trust account; to increase authorized stock from 86,000,000 to 120,000,000 shares, of which 100,000,000 shall be shares of common stock, consisting of 45,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock, 10,000,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock, 25,000,000 shares of Class C common stock and 20,000,000 shares of Special common stock, and 20,000,000 shall be shares of preferred stock; to permit the Company’s board of directors to create Special common stock in one or more series and to fix for each series the voting powers, designations, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof; to provide for (i) the right of a holder of Class A convertible common stock to convert into Class C common stock on a one-for-one basis, (ii) the right of the Company to redeem Class A convertible common stock in exchange for a pro rata share of the net cash (and not stock) held in the Company’s Trust Account, unless the holder elects to receive Class C common stock issued on a one-for-one basis, plus a pro rata share of any stock held in the Trust Account, and (iii) upon such redemption the extinguishment of the legal force and effect of the business combination and Trust Account provisions contained in paragraphs A through I of Article Sixth of the charter; to (i) eliminate the Class B convertible common stock anti-dilution provisions that require adjustment to maintain the specified 20% class ownership, and (ii) provide for the right of a holder of Class B convertible common stock to convert into Class C common stock on a one-for-one basis. All such amendments were approved at the Meeting. On September 27, 2022, the Sponsor contributed to the Company for purposes of making a deposit into the Company’s Trust Account of an aggregate of 200,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock (to be converted into Class C common stock) to extend the date by which the Company has to consummate a business combination for one year, from September 21, 2022 to September 21, 2023.

 

At the Meeting, in connection with the extension, stockholders holding 15,453,391 shares of Class A convertible common stock exercised their right to redeem such shares for a pro rata portion of the funds in the Trust Account. As a result, $154,874,303 (approximately $10.02 per share), which included $340,393 of interest earned on the Trust Account which was not previously used to pay the Company’s tax obligation, was removed from the Trust Account to pay such holders. Following these redemptions, the Company had 2,046,609 shares of Class A convertible common stock outstanding and the aggregate amount remaining in the Trust Account at the time was $20,511,170.

 

On October 17, 2022, the Sponsor elected to convert 3,000,000 shares of its Class B convertible common stock into 3,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock. Following the conversion, the Sponsor owned 1,175,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock, and the Company had 5,046,609 shares of Class A convertible common stock outstanding.

 

On October 24, 2022, the Company’s Class A convertible common stock, redeemable warrants and units (consisting of one share of Class A convertible common stock and one-half of one redeemable warrant) (collectively, the “Securities”) commenced trading on the OTC Pink; the Company previously announced its intention to voluntarily delist the Securities from the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), and that the last day of trading on the NYSE would be October 21, 2022.

 

On December 14, 2022, any unseparated units of the Company (consisting of one share of Class A convertible common stock and one-half of one redeemable warrant) terminated trading and were subsequently separated.

 

6

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS (CONT.)

 

On December 27, 2022, the Company announced the completion of the redemption of its outstanding shares of Class A convertible common stock subject to redemption, totaling 2,046,609 shares issued in its IPO (the “Class A IPO Shares”), in accordance with the provision of its charter. Holders representing a total of 2,042,409 shares of the Class A IPO Shares called for redemption elected to receive a pro rata share of the cash, including the interest earned thereon net of interest that may be used by the Company to pay its taxes payable (and not any stock), held in the Company’s Trust Account. The $10.10 per share pro rata amount was calculated by dividing the number of Class A IPO Shares redeemed from each such holder by the total number of outstanding Class A IPO Shares. Holders representing a total of 4,200 shares of the Class A IPO Shares called for redemption elected to receive Class C common stock issued on a one-for-one basis for the number of Class A IPO Shares redeemed from each such holder, plus each such holder’s pro rata share of the 200,000 shares of Class C common stock held in the IPO Trust Account. The pro rata share of the Class C common stock held in the Trust Account was calculated by dividing the number of Class A IPO Shares redeemed from each such holder by the total number of Class A IPO Shares redeemed from all holders of Class A IPO Shares that elected to receive stock. The amount of cash that would otherwise have been paid to holders who redeemed for cash (totaling approximately $42,424) was released from the Trust Account and transferred to the Company. The Trust Account was terminated following the release of the cash and stock to holders of Class A IPO Shares in complete liquidation of the assets held in trust. The 3,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock owned by the Sponsor were not redeemed and were expressly excluded from participating in, and were not otherwise entitled to, any of the cash and stock held in the Trust Account. The Class A IPO Shares redeemed are no longer deemed to be outstanding and all rights of the holders thereof as stockholders of the Company with respect to the Class A IPO Shares so redeemed have ceased. The Class C common stock received by holders who elected to receive stock has not been listed on a securities exchange. Following the redemption, the Company had outstanding 3,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock, 1,175,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock, 204,200 shares of Class C common stock, 8,750,000 public warrants and 6,150,000 private placement warrants, as well as approximately $1,149,000 of cash on hand available for working capital purposes.

 

On February 27, 2023, the Sponsor purchased the 204,200 shares of Class C common stock from the holder thereof, which were comprised of (i) 4,200 shares of Class C common stock, which were issued on a one-for-one basis for the number of Class A convertible common stock of the Company previously redeemed from the holder (as described above), and (ii) 200,000 shares of Class C common stock, which represents the holder’s pro rata share of the Class C common stock that were held in the Trust Account (as described above), for an aggregate purchase price of $42,000.

 

On September 29, 2023, the Sponsor elected to voluntarily convert all of its shares of Class A convertible common stock into shares of Class C common stock (the “Class C Conversion”). Following this conversion, which occurred on November 1, 2023, the Sponsor owned 1,175,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock and 3,204,200 shares of Class C common stock.

 

In light of the Class C Conversion, and in order to simplify and better reflect the purpose, capital structure, governance and organizational policies and procedures of the Company, the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board”) recommended, and the stockholders approved on September 29, 2023, various amendments to the Charter, as well as a reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of Class B convertible common stock and Class C common stock at a ratio of 43.792-to-1 (the “Reverse Stock Split”).  The purpose of the Reverse Stock Split was to decrease the total number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding and increase the liquidity and market price of such shares to approximately $10.00 per share.  The other amendments to the Charter were as follows: (i) the elimination of any and all authorized shares of Class A convertible common stock,  the renaming of the Class C common stock to Class A common stock (the “Reclassification”), and the elimination of any and all authorized shares of Special common stock, (ii) the modification of the rights of the Class B convertible common stock such that (a) the provisions permitting conversion into shares of Class C common stock were deleted and (b) each holder of record shall be entitled to ten (10) votes for each share of Class B convertible common stock held, (iii) the deletion of certain provisions of Article SIXTH of the Charter, including with respect to any references to a business combination and/or the Company’s IPO Trust Account, as such provisions were previously extinguished in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Charter and were therefore of no further legal force and effect, and (iv) the deletion of certain provisions of Article SIXTH of the Charter, including the requirement that the Board be divided into staggered classes for election.  On November 2, 2023, the Company filed a Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, dated November 1, 2023, with the State of Delaware.

 

Also, the Board recommended, and the stockholders approved on September 29, 2023, an amendment to the Bylaws of the Company (the “Bylaws”) to provide that, subject to applicable law, any action that is required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders of the Company at any annual or special meeting of stockholders may be effected by written consent of stockholders in lieu of a meeting.  On November 2, 2023, the Company filed the Amended and Restated Bylaws with the State of Delaware.

 

7

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS (CONT.)

 

On March 12, 2024 (the “Effective Date”), the Reverse Stock Split was declared effective. As a result of the Reclassification and the Reverse Stock Split, approximately 26,831 shares of Class B convertible common stock are in issue and outstanding and approximately 73,169 shares of Class A common stock are in issue and outstanding as of the Effective Date. Accordingly, earnings per share reported for prior periods in the unaudited condensed financial statements have been restated to reflect the retroactive effect of the reverse stock split.

 

Following the Effective Date, and consistent with the terms and conditions of the Warrant Agreement, the terms of the Company’s public and private warrants are proportionately adjusted in the same ratio as the reduction in the number of shares of outstanding common stock, except any fractional shares resulting from such adjustment are rounded up or down, as the case may be, to the nearest whole share. Correspondingly, the per share exercise price of such warrants is increased in direct proportion to the Reverse Stock Split ratio such that the aggregate dollar amount payable for the purchase of the shares subject to such securities remains unchanged; therefore, the 8,750,000 public warrants are exercisable into approximately 199,808 shares of Class A common stock and the 6,150,000 private placement warrants are exercisable into approximately 140,437 shares of Class A common stock, each at a price of approximately $503.61 per share.  In furtherance of any prospective business opportunities, the Company may in the future seek to pursue a variety of capital raising initiatives.

 

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the SEC. Certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of a normal recurring nature, which are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, operating results and cash flows for the periods presented.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, as filed with the SEC on March 28, 2024, which contains the audited financial statements and notes thereto. The interim results for the three months ended March 31, 2024, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2024, or for any future periods.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standards at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

8

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT.)

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period.

 

Making estimates requires management to exercise significant judgment. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the financial statements, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change in the near term due to one or more future confirming events. One of the more significant accounting estimates included in these financial statements is the determination of the fair value of the warrant liabilities. Such estimates may be subject to change as more current information becomes available and accordingly the actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.

 

Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

 

The Company had classified all of the shares of Class A IPO common stock as temporary equity. Immediately upon the closing of the Public Offering, the Company recognized the accretion from initial book value to redemption amount value. The change in the carrying value of redeemable shares of Class A IPO common stock resulted in charges against additional paid-in capital and accumulated deficit. As a result of redemptions in September and December 2022, the Class A IPO Shares are no longer deemed to be outstanding and all rights of the holders thereof as stockholders of the Company with respect to the Class A IPO Shares so redeemed have ceased.

 

Derivative Warrant Liabilities

 

The Company accounts for warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity” (“ASC 480”), and ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” (“ASC 815”). The assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the warrants meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the warrants are outstanding.

 

For issued or modified warrants that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as a component of additional paid-in capital at the time of issuance. For issued or modified warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded at their initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the warrants are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the condensed statements of operations.

 

9

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT.)

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes under ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements’ carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.

 

Net Loss per Common Share

 

Net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. The Company has not considered the effect of warrants to purchase 340,245 shares of Class A common stock, since the warrants are contingent upon the occurrence of future events and average market price of the Company’s Class A common stock for the three month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, was below the Warrants’ $503.61 exercise price. As a result, diluted loss per common share is the same as basic loss per common share for the periods presented.

 

As of March 31, 2024, the Company has two classes of shares that participate in earnings, which are referred to as Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock) and Class B convertible common stock (the “Founder Shares”). Earnings and losses are shared pro-rata between the two classes of shares. This presentation contemplates a transaction as the most likely outcome, in which case, all two classes of shares share pro rata in the income (loss) of the Company.

 

The following tables reflect the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share of common stock (in dollars, except share amounts):

 

   For the Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2024   2023 
   Class A convertible common stock   Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock)   Class B convertible common stock   Class A convertible common stock   Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock)   Class B convertible common stock 
Basic net loss per share of common stock                        
Numerator:                        
Allocation of net loss  $
   $(56,620)  $(20,763)  $(67,540)  $(4,597)  $(26,453)
Denominator:                              
Basic weighted average shares outstanding   
    73,169    26,831    68,506    4,663    26,831 
                               
Basic net loss per share of common stock  $
   $(0.77)  $(0.77)  $(0.99)  $(0.99)  $(0.99)

 

10

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT.)

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of a cash account in a financial institution, which, at times, may exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation coverage of $250,000. Any loss incurred, or a lack of access to such funds, could have a significant adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Excluding the warrant liability, the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the accompanying condensed balance sheets, primarily due to their short-term nature.

 

Reclassification

 

The related party payables and accrued expenses have been reclassified for the prior year on the current year balance sheet for presentation purposes. No changes to the total assets, liabilities, or stockholder’s equity have been made.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

  

Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s unaudited condensed interim financial statements.

 

11

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 3. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

On March 20, 2020, the Sponsor purchased 3,593,750 shares of Class B convertible common stock (the “Founder Shares”) for an aggregate price of $25,000, or approximately $0.007 per share.

 

On August 3, 2020, the Company effected a 1.4-for-1 forward stock split of its issued and outstanding shares of Class B convertible common stock, resulting in an aggregate of 5,031,250 Founder Shares being outstanding, of which an aggregate of up to 656,250 shares were subject to forfeiture by the Sponsor to the extent that the underwriters’ over-allotment option was not exercised in full or in part so that the Sponsor would own, on an as-converted basis, 20% of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares after the Initial Public Offering.

 

On November 5, 2020, the over-allotment option expired and was not exercised. Consequently 656,250 Founder Shares were forfeited. Following the forfeiture, the sponsor owned 4,375,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock.

 

On September 27, 2022, the Company’s Sponsor contributed to the Company an aggregate of 200,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock. Following the contribution, the Sponsor owned 4,175,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock.

 

On October 17, 2022, the Sponsor elected to convert 3,000,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock into 3,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock. Following the conversion, the Sponsor owned 1,175,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock.

 

The Class B convertible common stock is identical to the Class A convertible common stock except that (i) each share of Class B convertible common stock shall be entitled to ten (10) votes at any annual or special meeting of stockholders or in the case of any written consent of stockholders in lieu of a meeting and for all purposes, and (ii) the Class B convertible common stock has the exclusive right to elect, replace and remove the directors of the Company. Holders of Class B convertible common stock may also elect to convert their shares of Class B convertible common stock into an equal number of shares of Class A common stock, subject to adjustment as provided above, at any time.

 

On February 27, 2023, the Sponsor purchased 204,200 shares of Class C common stock from a Holder, which were comprised of (i) 4,200 shares of Class C common stock, which were issued on a one-for-one basis for the number of shares of Class A convertible common stock of the Company previously redeemed from the Holder, and (ii) 200,000 shares of Class C common stock, which represent the Holder’s pro rata share of the Class C common stock that were held in the Trust Account, for an aggregate purchase price of $42,000.

 

On November 1, 2023, the Sponsor voluntarily elected to convert all of its shares of Class A convertible common stock into shares of Class C common stock (the “Class C Conversion”), which upon completion the Class C common stock was renamed Class A common stock.

 

Administrative Support Agreement

 

The Company entered into an agreement whereby, commencing September 24, 2020, the Company will pay an affiliate of the Sponsor a total of $10,000 per month for office space, utilities and secretarial and administrative support. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company incurred fees for these services of $30,000 and $30,000, respectively. Administrative support fees included in accounts payable – related party in the accompanying unaudited condensed balance sheets at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, were $422,000 and $392,000, respectively.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company held $1,081,115 and $1,067,915, respectively, in the Gabelli U.S. Treasury Money Market Fund, which is recorded in cash and cash equivalents on the condensed balance sheets. The Gabelli U.S. Treasury Money Market Fund is an open-ended money market fund with published daily net asset values (“NAV”), in which case the Company uses NAV as a practical expedient to fair value. The NAV on this investment is held constant at $1.00 per unit.

 

12

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 4. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Underwriting Agreement

 

The underwriters were entitled to a deferred fee of $0.35 per Unit, or $6,125,000.

 

On August 22, 2022, UBS agreed to waive its entitlement to the deferred underwriting commission of $4,593,750 to which it became entitled upon completion of the Company’s Initial Public Offering, subject to the consummation of the Transaction. On December 27, 2022, the Company announced the completion of the redemption of its outstanding shares of Class A common stock subject to redemption, totaling 2,046,609 shares issued in its IPO, in accordance with the provision of its charter, which resulted in the forfeiture of the remaining $1,531,250 of the deferred underwriting fee. As a result, and for the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company derecognized the entire deferred underwriting fee payable of $6,125,000 and recorded $5,815,688 of the forgiveness of the deferred underwriting fee allocated to Public Shares to the carrying value of the shares of Class A common stock and the remaining balance of $309,312 as a gain from extinguishment of liability allocated to warrant liabilities.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

United States and global markets are experiencing volatility and disruption following the geopolitical instability resulting from the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict and the recent escalation of the Israel-Hamas conflict. In response to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (“NATO”) deployed additional military forces to eastern Europe, and the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and other countries have announced various sanctions and restrictive actions against Russia, Belarus and related individuals and entities, including the removal of certain financial institutions from the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (“SWIFT”) payment system. Certain countries, including the United States, have also provided and may continue to provide military aid or other assistance to Ukraine and to Israel, increasing geopolitical tensions among a number of nations. The invasion of Ukraine by Russia and the escalation of the Israel-Hamas conflict and the resulting measures that have been taken, and could be taken in the future, by NATO, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Israel and its neighboring states and other countries have created global security concerns that could have a lasting impact on regional and global economies. Although the length and impact of the ongoing conflicts are highly unpredictable, they could lead to market disruptions, including significant volatility in commodity prices, credit and capital markets, as well as supply chain interruptions and increased cyber-attacks against U.S. companies. Additionally, any resulting sanctions could adversely affect the global economy and financial markets and lead to instability and lack of liquidity in capital markets.

 

Any of the above mentioned factors, or any other negative impact on the global economy, capital markets or other geopolitical conditions resulting from the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the escalation of the Israel-Hamas conflict and subsequent sanctions or related actions, could adversely affect the Company’s search for a business opportunity and any target business with which the Company may ultimately consummate a business opportunity.

 

NOTE 5. STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY

 

Preferred Stock — At inception, the Company was authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share with such designation, rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Company’s board of directors. On September 21, 2022, the Company amended the Certificate of Incorporation to authorize 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.

 

Common Stock — At inception, the authorized common stock of the Company included up to 75,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock and 10,000,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock. On September 21, 2022, the Company amended the Certificate of Incorporation to authorize 45,000,000 shares of Class A convertible common stock, 10,000,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock, 25,000,000 shares of Class C common stock and 20,000,000 shares of Special common stock. On November 1, 2023, the Company amended the Certificate of Incorporation to authorize 25,000,000 shares of Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock) and 10,000,000 shares of Class B convertible common stock.

 

At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were no shares of Class A convertible common stock issued and outstanding, 73,169 shares of Class A common stock (fka Class C common stock) issued and outstanding, and 26,831 shares of Class B convertible common stock issued and outstanding.

 

13

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 5. STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY (CONT.)

 

Warrants — Public Warrants may only be exercised for a whole number of shares. No fractional shares will be issued upon exercise of the Public Warrants. No warrants will be exercisable for cash unless the Company has an effective and current registration statement covering the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants and a current prospectus relating to such shares of common stock.

 

Once the warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the Public Warrants:

 

  in whole and not in part;

 

  at a price of $0.01 per warrant;

 

  upon not less than 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption;

 

  if, and only if, the reported last sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like and subject to adjustment as described below) for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third business day prior to the notice of redemption to the warrant holders; and

 

  If, and only if, there is a current registration statement in effect with respect to the shares of common stock underlying the warrants.

 

If the Company calls the Public Warrants for redemption, management will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise the Public Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis,” as described in the warrant agreement.

 

The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances, including in the event of a stock dividend, or recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. However, the warrants will not be adjusted for issuance of common stock at a price below its exercise price. Additionally, in no event will the Company be required to net cash settle the warrants. The Company liquidated the funds held in the Trust Account; holders of warrants did not receive any of such funds with respect to their warrants, nor did they receive any distribution from the Company’s assets held outside of the Trust Account with respect to such warrants. Accordingly, the warrants may expire worthless.

 

The Private Warrants will be identical to the Public Warrants underlying the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering, subject to certain limited exceptions. Additionally, the Private Warrants will be exercisable for cash or on a cashless basis, at the holder’s option, and be non-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. If the Private Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchaser or its permitted transferees, the Private Warrants will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants.

 

The below table outlines the Company’s capital structure as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

 

   Share Class      Shares
Outstanding
 
Registered*  Class A common (fka Class C common)   0.10%   96 
Restricted**  Class A common (fka Class C common)   73.07%   73,073 
Total Class A Common Shares      73.17%   73,169 
              
Restricted**  Class A convertible common   
%   
 
Restricted**  Class B convertible common   26.83%   26,831 
Total Outstanding Shares      100.00%   100,000 

 

*Registered shares are not listed, and thus not freely tradeable.

 

**Restricted shares are unregistered and not freely tradable and subject to individual legends and restrictions.

 

14

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 6. INCOME TAX

 

The Company’s net deferred tax assets at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, are as follows: 

 

Deferred tax asset  March 31,
2024
   December 31,
2023
 
Organizational costs/Start-up expenses  $413,284   $401,781 
Federal Net Operating Loss   
    
 
Total deferred tax asset   413,284    401,781 
Valuation allowance   (413,284)   (401,781)
Deferred tax asset, net of allowance  $
   $
 

 

The income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, consists of the following: 

 

Federal  March 31,
2024
   March 31,
2023
 
Current  $27,842   $416 
Deferred   (11,503)   
 
State          
Current  2,677  
 
Deferred   
    
 
Change in valuation allowance   11,503    
 
Income tax provision  $30,519   $416 

 

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company did not have any U.S. federal and state net operating loss carryovers (“NOLs”) available to offset future taxable income.

 

In assessing the realization of the deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion of all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which temporary differences representing net future deductible amounts become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. After consideration of all of the information available, management determined that a full valuation allowance was required.

 

A reconciliation of the income tax rate to the Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, is as follows:

  

   As of
March 31,
2024
   As of
March 31,
2023
 
Statutory federal income tax rate   21.0%   21.0%
State taxes, net of federal tax benefit   5.5%   0.0%
Permanent book/tax differences   0.0%   (21.0)%
Change in valuation allowance   13.9%   0.0%
Effective income tax rate   40.4%   0.0%

 

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and in various state and local jurisdictions and is subject to examination by the various taxing authorities.

 

15

 

 

PMV CONSUMER ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2024

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 7. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities reflects management’s estimate of amounts that the Company would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid in connection with the transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from independent sources) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (internal assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable inputs and unobservable inputs used in order to value the assets and liabilities:

 

  Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for an asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

 

  Level 2: Observable inputs other than Level 1 inputs. Examples of Level 2 inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

  Level 3: Unobservable inputs based on our assessment of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

 

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value.

 

Description  March 31,
2024
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Liabilities:                
Derivative Warrant Liabilities – Public Warrants  $1,750   $     —   $1,750   $
     —
 
                     
Derivative Warrant Liabilities – Private Placement Warrants  $1,230   $
   $1,230   $
 

 

Description  December 31,
2023
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Liabilities:                
Derivative Warrant Liabilities – Public Warrants  $1,750   $
    —
   $1,750   $     — 
                     
Derivative Warrant Liabilities – Private Placement Warrants  $1,230   $
   $1,230   $ 

 

The fair value of the Company’s Public Warrants at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, is based on observable inputs. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the measurement of the Private Warrants are classified as Level 2 due to the use of the closing price of the Public Warrants, an observable market quote for a similar asset in an active market.

 

The aforementioned warrant liabilities are not subject to qualified hedge accounting.

 

Transfers to/from Levels 1, 2 and 3 are recognized at the end of the reporting period in which a change in valuation technique or methodology occurs.

 

NOTE 8. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company evaluated subsequent events and transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date up to the date that the financial statements were issued. Based upon this review, the Company did not identify any subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the financial statements other than as follows:

 

On April 29, 2024, the Board of Directors of the Company recommended, and the Company’s sole shareholder approved, an amendment to the Company’s Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) to (i) reduce the number of authorized shares of Class A common stock from 25,000,000 shares to 570,000 shares, (ii) reduce the number of authorized shares of Class B common stock from 10,000,000 shares to 230,000 shares, and (iii) reduce the number of authorized shares of preferred stock from 20,000,000 shares to 460,000 shares. The Company filed the Amendment with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on April 30, 2024.

 

16

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

References in this report (the “Quarterly Report”) to “we,” “us” or the “Company” refer to PMV Consumer Acquisition Corp. References to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors, and references to the “Sponsor” refer to PMV Consumer Acquisition Holdings Company, LLC. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Exchange Act that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding the Company’s financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “seek” and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management’s current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company’s final prospectus for its Initial Public Offering and/or the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, filed on March 28, 2024, with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Company’s securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

Overview

 

We are a shell company formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on March 18, 2020, for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or other similar business opportunity with one or more businesses or entities. Our efforts to identify a prospective business opportunity will not be limited to a particular industry or geographic location, although we are currently focusing our search for a business opportunity in the consumer industry. We intend to effectuate a business opportunity using cash, our capital stock, debt or a combination of cash, stock and debt.

 

The issuance of additional shares of our stock in a transaction:

 

  may significantly reduce the equity interest of our stockholders;

 

  may subordinate the rights of holders of shares of common stock if we issue shares of preferred stock with rights senior to those afforded to our shares of common stock;

 

  will likely cause a change in control if a substantial number of our shares of common stock are issued, which may affect, among other things, our ability to use our net operating loss carry forwards, if any, and most likely will also result in the resignation or removal of our present officers and directors; and

 

  may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our securities.

 

17

 

 

Similarly, if we issue debt securities or otherwise incur significant indebtedness, it could result in:

 

  default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues after a transaction are insufficient to pay our debt obligations;

 

  acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we have made all principal and interest payments when due if the debt security contains covenants that required the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves and we breach any such covenant without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;

 

  our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand; and

 

  our inability to obtain additional financing, if necessary, if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain additional financing while such security is outstanding.

 

Results of Operations

 

We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. Our only activities through March 31, 2024, were organizational activities, those necessary to prepare for the IPO, described below, and searching for a business opportunity with which to complete a transaction. We do not expect to generate any operating revenues until after the completion of a transaction. We generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on marketable securities held. We incur expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2024, we had a net loss of $77,383, which consists of interest income of $13,199, offset by general and administrative expenses of $54,777, franchise tax expense of $5,286, and provision for income taxes of $30,519.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2023, we had a net loss of $98,590, which consists of interest income of $9,480, offset by general and administrative expenses of $100,154, franchise tax expense of $7,500, and provision for income taxes of $416.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

On September 24, 2020, we consummated the IPO of 17,500,000 Units at a price of $10.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $175,000,000. Following the IPO, a total of $175,000,000 was placed in the Trust Account. As of December 31, 2022, the Trust Account was fully redeemed.

 

To the extent that our capital stock or debt is used, in whole or in part, as consideration to complete a transaction, the remaining cash will be used as working capital to finance operations, make other acquisitions and pursue our growth strategies.

 

As of March 31, 2024, we had cash and cash equivalents of $1,171,427. We intend to use these funds primarily to identify and evaluate potential business opportunities, perform business due diligence on prospective business opportunities, travel to and from the offices, plants or similar locations associated with prospective business opportunities, review corporate documents and material agreements related to business opportunities, and structure, negotiate and complete a transaction.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2024, cash provided by operating activities was $98,797. Net loss of $77,383 was affected by net increase of changes in operating assets and liabilities of $176,180.

 

18

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2023, cash provided by operating activities was $21,126. Net loss of $98,590 was affected by net increase of changes in operating assets and liabilities of $119,716.

 

In order to fund working capital deficiencies or finance transaction costs in connection with a business opportunity, the Sponsor, or certain of our officers and directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be required. If we complete a transaction, we would repay such loaned amounts. In the event that a transaction does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital to repay such loaned amounts. Up to $1,500,000 of such loans may be convertible into warrants identical to the Private Warrants, at a price of $1.00 per warrant, at the option of the lender.

 

We do not believe we will need to raise additional funds in order to meet the expenditures required for operating our business. However, if our estimate of the costs of identifying a business opportunity, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a transaction are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to a transaction. Moreover, we may need to obtain additional financing to complete a transaction, in which case we may issue additional equity securities or incur debt in connection with such transaction. In addition, following a transaction, if cash on hand is insufficient, we may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet our obligations.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2024. 

  

Contractual Obligations

 

We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations, operating lease obligations or long-term liabilities, other than an agreement to pay an affiliate of the Sponsor a monthly fee of $10,000 for office space, utilities and secretarial and administrative support. We began incurring these fees on September 24, 2020, and will continue to incur these fees monthly for the foreseeable future.

 

On August 22, 2022, UBS agreed to waive its entitlement to the deferred underwriting commission of $4,593,750 to which it became entitled upon completion of the Company’s Initial Public Offering, subject to the consummation of a transaction. Thereafter, on December 27, 2022, in accordance with the provisions of its charter, the Company announced the completion of the redemption of its outstanding shares of Class A common stock subject to redemption (the “Class A IPO Shares”), which resulted in the forfeiture of the remaining $1,531,250 of deferred underwriting fees. Following the completion of the redemption of the Class A IPO Shares, the IPO Trust Account was terminated in complete liquidation of the assets held in trust, and the relevant provisions of the Company’s charter, including with respect to any business combination and the IPO Trust Account, were extinguished and are of no further legal force and effect. As a result, the Company derecognized the entire deferred underwriting fee payable of $6,125,000 and recorded $5,815,688 of the forgiveness of the deferred underwriting fee allocated to Public Shares to accumulated earnings (deficit) and the remaining balance of $309,312 was as a gain from extinguishment of liability allocated to warrant liabilities. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the deferred underwriting fee payable is $0.

  

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of the unaudited condensed financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. There have been no material changes to the critical accounting estimates during the quarter ended March 31, 2024.

 

We have identified the following critical accounting policies and estimates:

  

Warrant Liability

 

We account for the warrants issued in connection with our IPO in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815 under which the warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as liabilities. Accordingly, we classify the warrants as liabilities at their fair value and adjust the warrants to fair value at each reporting period. The Company’s accounting policy and estimate surrounding the warrant liability is deemed to be critical since it is an equity linked instrument, and the accounting pronouncement that determines the initial classification at issuance is considered a complex topic. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in our statements of operations. Any changes in the value could have a significant impact on the results of operations.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Through March 31, 2024, our efforts were limited to organizational activities, activities relating to our initial public offering and, since the initial public offering, the search for a business opportunity for which to consummate a transaction. We have engaged in limited operations and have not generated any revenues. We have not engaged in any hedging activities since our inception on March 18, 2020. We do not expect to engage in any hedging activities with respect to the market risk to which we are exposed.

 

As of March 31, 2024, we were not subject to any market or interest rate risk. The Company’s cash was invested in U.S. government treasury bills with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act which invest only in direct U.S. government treasury obligations. Due to the short-term nature of these investments, we believe there was no associated material exposure to interest rate risk.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Co-Principal Executive Officers and principal financial officer or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As of March 31, 2024, as required by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, our principal executive officers and principal financial and accounting officer carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon their evaluation, our Co-Chief Executive Officers and Chief Accounting Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes during the quarter ended March 31, 2024, in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

None.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the risks discussed in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” in our Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 28, 2024, for the year ended December 31, 2023.

 

You should understand that an investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. The occurrence of one or more of the events or circumstances described in this section “Risk Factors,” alone or in combination with other events or circumstances, may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results. In that event, the trading price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment. The following is a summary of some of the risks and uncertainties that could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of each risk factor incorporated by reference or contained herein below.

 

Summary of Risk Factors

 

  Our public stockholders are relying on management to locate a suitable business opportunity. We may not be successful in identifying a suitable business opportunity and, even if one is identified, no assurance can be provided that we will successfully negotiate and consummate a transaction.

  

  Our executive officers and directors will allocate their time to other businesses, thereby causing conflicts of interest in their determination as to how much time to devote to our affairs. This conflict of interest could have a negative impact on our ability to identify a business opportunity and complete a transaction.

 

  Certain of our executive officers and directors are now, and all of them may in the future become, affiliated with entities engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us and, accordingly, may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented.

 

  Our limited resources may make our financial condition unattractive to potential business opportunities, which may make it difficult for us to enter into a transaction.

 

  We may engage in a business opportunity with one or more businesses or entities that have relationships with entities that may be affiliated with our Sponsor, executive officers and directors, which may raise potential conflicts of interest.

 

  We will likely only be able to complete one business opportunity, which will cause us to be solely dependent on a single business which may have a limited number of products or services. This lack of diversification may negatively impact our operations and profitability.

 

  Our warrants are accounted for as liabilities and changes in the value of our warrants could have a material effect on our financial results.

 

The risk factors set forth below provide more detailed disclosure of the risks relating to our operations.

 

We are a recently formed company with no operating history and no revenues, and you have no basis on which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objective.

 

We are a recently formed company with no operating results. Because we lack an operating history, you have no basis upon which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objectives. We have no plans, arrangements or understandings with respect to any business opportunity and may be unable to complete a transaction. If we fail to complete a transaction, we may never generate any operating revenues.

 

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If we elect to take advantage of the controlled company standards, we would be exempt from various corporate governance requirements.

 

Certain listing rules generally define a “Controlled Company” as any company of which more than 50% of the voting power for the election of directors is held by an individual, a group or another company. Only holders of the Founder Shares will have the right to vote on the election of directors. More than 50% of the Founder Shares are held by our Sponsor. Accordingly, we satisfy the definition of being a controlled company. We may in the future elect to take advantage of the controlled company standards, pursuant to which we would be exempt from various corporate governance requirements, such as the requirement to have a majority of independent directors and to have nominating/corporate governance and compensation committees comprised entirely of independent directors.

 

Because of our limited resources and the significant competition for business opportunities, it may be more difficult for us to complete a transaction and our warrants may expire worthless.

 

We expect to encounter intense competition from other entities having a business objective similar to ours, including private investors (which may be individuals or investment partnerships), blank check companies and other entities, domestic and international, competing for the types of business opportunities we intend to pursue. Many of these individuals and entities are well-established and have extensive experience in identifying and effecting, directly or indirectly, such business opportunities and/or operating in or providing services to various industries. Many of these competitors possess greater technical, human and other resources or more industry knowledge than we do and our financial resources will be relatively limited when contrasted with those of many of these competitors. While we believe there are numerous business opportunities we could potentially pursue, our ability to compete for such business opportunities will be limited by our available financial resources. This inherent competitive limitation gives others an advantage in pursuing the acquisition of certain business opportunities.

 

Holders of Class A common stock will not be entitled to vote on any election of directors we hold.

 

Only holders of our Founder Shares will have the right to vote on the election of directors. Holders of our public shares will not be entitled to vote on the election of directors. Accordingly, you may not have any say in the management of our company.

 

Holders of Class B common stock will be entitled to ten (10) votes for each such share.

 

Holders of Class B common stock will be entitled to ten (10) votes for each such share at any annual or special meeting of stockholders or in the case of any written consent of stockholders in lieu of a meeting and for all purposes. Holders of our public shares will be entitled to one vote for each such share held. Accordingly, holders of Founder Shares may exert an outsized influence on each matter properly submitted to the stockholders on which holders of the common stock are entitled to vote.

 

Because we are neither limited to evaluating a business opportunity in a particular industry sector nor have we selected any specific business opportunities with which to pursue a transaction, you are unable to currently ascertain the merits or risks of any particular business opportunity.

 

Although we initially intend to focus our search for a business opportunity in the consumer industry, we are not limited to evaluating a business opportunity in any particular industry sector. As a result, there is no current basis to evaluate the possible merits or risks of any particular business opportunity. To the extent we complete a transaction, we may be affected by numerous risks inherent in the business opportunity. For example, if we pursue a business opportunity with a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of sales or earnings, we may be affected by the risks inherent in the business and operations of a financially unstable or a development stage entity. Although our officers and directors will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in a particular business opportunity, we cannot assure you that we will properly ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors or that we will have adequate time to complete due diligence. Furthermore, some of these risks may be outside of our control and leave us with no ability to control or reduce the chances that those risks will adversely impact a business opportunity. We also cannot assure you that an investment in our securities will ultimately prove to be more favorable to you than a direct investment, if such opportunity were available, in a business opportunity.

 

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Our success largely depends on the ability of our management team to operate and execute effectively.

 

Our success largely depends on the ability of our management team to effectively organize and consummate a business opportunity. Our management team is critical to the execution of our strategic direction and implementation of a business opportunity. It is difficult to predict with any certainty that we will be able to replace these individuals with persons of equivalent experience and capabilities should one or more members no longer be able to serve in their current capacity. If we are unable to find adequate replacements or to attract, retain and incentivize senior executives, other key advisors or new qualified personnel, such inability could have a material adverse effect on our ability to effect a business opportunity and final results of operations.

 

Past performance by our management team, our special advisors and their respective affiliates may not be indicative of future performance of an investment in us.

 

Information regarding performance by, or businesses associated with, our management team, our special advisors and their respective affiliates is presented for informational purposes only. Past performance by them is not a guarantee either (i) of success with respect to any business opportunity we may consummate, or (ii) that we will be able to locate a suitable business opportunity. You should not rely on the historical record of the performance of our management team, our special advisors and their respective affiliates or businesses associated with them as indicative of the future performance of an investment in us or the returns we will, or are likely to, generate going forward.

 

Any future involvement of our Sponsor and its affiliates, members of our management and companies with which they are affiliated in governmental investigations or civil litigation unrelated to our business affairs could materially impact our ability to consummate a business opportunity.

 

Our Sponsor and its affiliates, members of our management team and companies with which they are affiliated may become involved in governmental investigations and civil litigation relating to their business affairs unrelated to our Company in the United States or in other jurisdictions. Such matters, should they arise in the future, risk distracting them from attention to our affairs and may negatively impact our ability to attract suitable business opportunities and may ultimately impede our ability to consummate a transaction.

 

We may seek business opportunities in any industry our management chooses (which industries may be outside of our management’s areas of expertise).

 

We may consider a business opportunity in any industry our management chooses. Although our management will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in any particular business opportunity, we cannot assure you that we will adequately ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors. We also cannot assure you that an investment in our securities will not ultimately prove to be less favorable to investors in this offering than a direct investment, if an opportunity were available, in a business opportunity. In the event we elect to pursue a business opportunity outside of the areas of our management’s expertise, our management’s expertise may not be directly applicable to its evaluation or operation, and the information contained in this prospectus regarding the areas of our management’s expertise would not be relevant to an understanding of the business that we elect to pursue. As a result, our management may not be able to adequately ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors.

 

We may seek business opportunities with a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of revenue, cash flow or earnings, which could subject us to volatile revenues, cash flows or earnings or difficulty in retaining key personnel.

 

To the extent we effect a transaction with a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of revenues or earnings, we may be affected by numerous risks inherent in the operations of that business opportunity. These risks include volatile revenues or earnings and difficulties in obtaining and retaining key personnel. Although our officers and directors will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in a particular business opportunity, we may not be able to properly ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors and we may not have adequate time to complete due diligence. Furthermore, some of these risks may be outside of our control and leave us with no ability to control or reduce the chances that those risks will adversely impact a business opportunity.

 

We are not required to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm, or another valuation or appraisal firm that commonly renders fairness opinions, and consequently you may have no assurance from an independent source that the price we are paying in a transaction is fair to our stockholders from a financial point of view.

 

Unless we complete a transaction with an affiliated entity, we are not required to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm, or another valuation or appraisal firm that commonly renders fairness opinions, that the price we are paying is fair to our stockholders from a financial point of view. If no opinion is obtained, our stockholders will be relying on the judgment of our board of directors, who will determine fair market value based on standards generally accepted by the financial community.

 

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Resources could be wasted in researching business opportunities that are not completed, which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to identify and effect a business opportunity. If we are unable to complete a transaction, our warrants may expire worthless.

 

We anticipate that the investigation of each specific business opportunity and the negotiation, drafting and execution of relevant agreements, disclosure documents and other instruments will require substantial management time and attention and substantial costs for accountants, attorneys and others. If we decide not to complete a specific business opportunity, the costs incurred up to that point for the proposed transaction likely would not be recoverable. Furthermore, if we reach an agreement relating to a specific business opportunity, we may fail to complete the transaction for any number of reasons, including those beyond our control. Any such event will result in a loss to us of the related costs incurred which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to identify and effect another business opportunity.

 

We may reincorporate in another jurisdiction and such reincorporation may result in taxes imposed on stockholders.

 

We may, subject to requisite stockholder approval under the DGCL, reincorporate in another jurisdiction. The transaction may require a stockholder to recognize taxable income in the jurisdiction in which the stockholder is a tax resident or in which its members are resident if it is a tax transparent entity. We do not intend to make any cash distributions to stockholders to pay such taxes. Stockholders may be subject to withholding taxes or other taxes with respect to their ownership of us after the reincorporation.

 

Our ability to successfully effect a business opportunity and to be successful thereafter will be totally dependent upon the efforts of our key personnel. The loss of key personnel could negatively impact the operations and profitability of a business opportunity.

 

Prior to the completion of a transaction, our operations will be dependent upon a relatively small group of individuals and, in particular, our executive officers and directors. We believe that our success depends on the continued service of our officers and directors, at least until we have completed a business opportunity. In addition, our executive officers and directors are not required to commit any specified amount of time to our affairs and, accordingly, will have conflicts of interest in allocating their time among various business activities, including identifying potential business opportunities and monitoring the related due diligence. We do not have an employment agreement with, or key-man insurance on the life of, any of our directors or executive officers. The unexpected loss of the services of one or more of our directors or executive officers could have a detrimental effect on us.

 

The role of key personnel in a business opportunity, however, cannot presently be ascertained. Although some key personnel may remain in senior management or advisory positions following a transaction, it is equally likely that some or all may be replaced. While we intend to closely scrutinize any individuals we engage in relation to a particular business opportunity, we cannot assure you that our assessment of these individuals will prove to be correct. These individuals may be unfamiliar with the requirements of operating a company regulated by the SEC, which could cause us to have to expend time and resources helping them become familiar with such requirements. In addition, certain officers and directors may resign upon completion of a transaction. The departure of key personnel could negatively impact our operations and profitability. The role of key personnel cannot be ascertained at this time. Although we contemplate that certain members of the management team will remain post-transaction, it is possible that members of management will not wish to remain. The loss of key personnel could negatively impact the operations and profitability of our post-transaction business.

 

Our key personnel may negotiate employment or consulting agreements in connection with a particular business opportunity, and a particular business opportunity may be conditioned on the retention or resignation of such key personnel. These agreements may provide for them to receive compensation following a transaction and, as a result, may cause them to have conflicts of interest in determining whether a particular business opportunity is the most advantageous.

 

Our key personnel may be able to remain with our company post-transaction only if they are able to negotiate employment or consulting agreements. Such negotiations would take place simultaneously with the negotiation of the transaction and could provide for such individuals to receive compensation in the form of cash payments and/or our securities for services they would render to us with respect to such business opportunity. Such negotiations also could make such key personnel’s retention or resignation a condition to a transaction. The personal and financial interests of such individuals may influence their motivation in identifying and selecting a business opportunity, subject to their fiduciary duties under Delaware law.

 

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We may have a limited ability to assess a prospective business opportunity and, as a result, may identify and effect a business opportunity whose management may not have the skills, qualifications or abilities to manage a public company, which could, in turn, negatively impact the value of our stockholder’s investment in us.

 

When evaluating the desirability of effecting a business opportunity, our ability to assess management may be limited due to a lack of time, resources or information. Our assessment of the capabilities of the management team, therefore, may prove to be incorrect and such management may lack the skills, qualifications or abilities we suspected. Should management not possess the skills, qualifications or abilities necessary to manage a public company, the operations and profitability of the post-transaction business may be negatively impacted.

 

Our executive officers and directors will allocate their time to other businesses, thereby causing conflicts of interest in their determination as to how much time to devote to our affairs. This conflict of interest could have a negative impact on our ability to effect a business opportunity.

 

Our executive officers and directors are not required to, and will not, commit their full time to our affairs, which may result in a conflict of interest in allocating their time between our operations and our search for a business opportunity and their other businesses. We do not intend to have any full-time employees prior to the completion of a transaction. Each of our executive officers is engaged in several other business endeavors for which they may be entitled to substantial compensation, and our executive officers are not obligated to contribute any specific number of hours per week to our affairs. Our independent directors also serve as officers and board members for other entities. If our executive officers’ and directors’ other business affairs require them to devote substantial amounts of time to such affairs in excess of their current commitment levels, it could limit their ability to devote time to our affairs which may have a negative impact on our ability to effect a business opportunity.

 

Our officers and directors presently have fiduciary or contractual obligations to other entities and, accordingly, may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented.

 

We intend to engage in the business of identifying and effecting one or more business opportunities. Each of our officers and directors presently has, and any of them in the future may have, additional fiduciary or contractual obligations to other entities pursuant to which such officer or director is or will be required to present business opportunities to such entity. Accordingly, our officers and directors may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented. These conflicts may not be resolved in our favor and a potential business opportunity may be presented to another entity prior to its presentation to us, subject to their fiduciary duties under Delaware law.

 

Our officers and directors may in the future become affiliated with entities engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us, and, accordingly, may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented.

 

We intend to engage in the business of identifying and effecting one or more business opportunities. Each of our officers and directors presently has, and any of them in the future may have, additional fiduciary or contractual obligations to other entities pursuant to which such officer or director is or will be required to present business opportunities to such entities. Accordingly, they may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented. These conflicts may not be resolved in our favor and a potential target business may be presented to other entities prior to its presentation to us, subject to our officers’ and directors’ fiduciary duties under Delaware law.

 

In addition, our Sponsor and our officers and directors may sponsor or form other companies similar to ours or may pursue other business or investment ventures during the period in which we are seeking business opportunities. Any such companies, businesses or investments may present additional conflicts of interest in pursuing business opportunities. However, we do not believe that any such potential conflicts would materially affect our ability to effect a business opportunity.

 

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Our executive officers, directors, security holders and their respective affiliates may have competitive pecuniary interests that conflict with our interests.

 

We have not adopted a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, executive officers, security holders or affiliates from having a direct or indirect pecuniary or financial interest in any investment to be acquired or disposed of by us or in any transaction to which we are a party or have an interest. In fact, we may effect a business opportunity with an entity that is affiliated with our Sponsor, our directors or executive officers, although we do not intend to do so. Nor do we have a policy that expressly prohibits any such persons from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us. Accordingly, such persons or entities may have a conflict between their interests and ours.

 

The personal and financial interests of our directors and officers may influence their motivation in timely identifying and selecting a business opportunity and completing a transaction. Consequently, our directors’ and officers’ discretion in identifying and selecting a suitable business opportunity may result in a conflict of interest when determining whether the terms, conditions and timing of a particular business opportunity are appropriate and in our stockholder’s best interest. If this were the case, it would be a breach of their fiduciary duties to us as a matter of Delaware law, and we or our stockholders might have a claim against such individuals for infringing on our stockholder’s rights. However, we might not ultimately be successful in any claim we may make against them for such reason.

 

We may effect a business opportunity with one or more entities that have relationships with entities that may be affiliated with our Sponsor, executive officers, directors or existing holders, which may raise potential conflicts of interest.

 

In light of the involvement of our Sponsor, executive officers and directors with other entities, we may decide to effect one or more business opportunities that are affiliated with our Sponsor, executive officers, directors or existing holders. Our directors also serve as officers and board members for other entities. Such entities may compete with us for business opportunities. Our Sponsor, officers and directors are not currently aware of any specific business opportunities involving any entities with which they are affiliated, and there have been no substantive discussions concerning a business opportunity with any such entity or entities. Although we will not be specifically focusing on, or targeting, any transaction with any affiliated entities, we would pursue such a transaction if we determined that such affiliated entity met our criteria for a business opportunity, and such transaction was approved by a majority of our independent and disinterested directors. Despite our agreement to obtain an opinion regarding the fairness to our company from a financial point of view of a business opportunity with one or more businesses affiliated with our Sponsor, executive officers, directors or existing holders, potential conflicts of interest still may exist and, as a result, the terms of the business opportunity may not be as advantageous to our public stockholders as they would be absent any conflicts of interest.

 

We may issue notes or other debt securities, or otherwise incur substantial debt, to effect a business opportunity, which may adversely affect our leverage and financial condition and thus negatively impact the value of our stockholder’s investment in us.

 

Although we have no current commitments to issue any notes or other debt securities, or to otherwise incur outstanding debt, we may choose to incur substantial debt to effect a business opportunity. The incurrence of debt could have a variety of negative effects, including:

 

  default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues are insufficient to repay our debt obligations;

 

  acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we make all principal and interest payments when due if we breach certain covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;
     
  our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;
     
  our inability to obtain necessary additional financing if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain such financing while the debt security is outstanding;
     
  our inability to pay dividends on our Class A common stock;

 

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  using a substantial portion of our cash flow to pay principal and interest on our debt, which will reduce the funds available for dividends on our Class A common stock if declared, expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes;
     
  limitations on our flexibility in planning for and reacting to changes in our business and in the industry in which we operate;
     
  increased vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation; and
     
  limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our strategy and other purposes and other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.

 

We may only be able to effect one business opportunity, which will cause us to be solely dependent on a single business which may have a limited number of products or services. This lack of diversification may negatively impact our operations and profitability.

 

We may only be able to effect one business opportunity. By effecting a business opportunity with only a single entity, our lack of diversification may subject us to numerous economic, competitive and regulatory developments. Further, we would not be able to diversify our operations or benefit from the possible spreading of risks or offsetting of losses, unlike other entities which may have the resources to effect several business opportunities in different industries or different areas of a single industry. Accordingly, the prospects for our success may be:

 

  solely dependent upon the performance of a single business opportunity; or

 

  dependent upon the development or market acceptance of a single or limited number of products, processes or services.

 

This lack of diversification may subject us to numerous economic, competitive and regulatory risks, any or all of which may have a substantial adverse impact upon the particular industry in which we may operate.

 

We may attempt to simultaneously effect multiple business opportunities, which may hinder our ability to complete a business opportunity and give rise to increased costs and risks that could negatively impact our operations and profitability.

 

If we determine to simultaneously effect several business opportunities, we may need for each to agree that effecting one business opportunity is contingent on the other business opportunities, which may make it more difficult for us, and delay our ability, to effect a business opportunity. With multiple business opportunities, we could also face additional risks, including additional burdens and costs with respect to possible multiple negotiations and due diligence and the additional risks associated with the subsequent assimilation of different business opportunities. If we are unable to adequately address these risks, it could negatively impact our profitability and results of operations.

 

We may attempt to effect a business opportunity with a private company about which little information is available, which may result in a transaction that is not as profitable as we suspected, if at all.

 

We may seek to effect a business opportunity with a privately held company. By definition, very little public information generally exists about private companies, and we could be required to make our decision on whether to pursue a potential business opportunity on the basis of limited information, which may result in a transaction that is not as profitable as we suspected, if at all.

 

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We may be unable to obtain additional financing to effect a business opportunity or to fund our operations and growth, which could compel us to restructure or abandon a particular business opportunity. If we are unable to effect a business opportunity, our warrants may expire worthless.

 

As we have not yet selected any prospective business opportunity, we cannot ascertain the capital requirements for any particular transaction; however, it is likely that we will require additional financing to effect a business opportunity. We cannot assure you that such financing will be available on acceptable terms, if at all. The current economic environment has made it especially difficult for companies to obtain such financing. To the extent that additional financing proves to be unavailable when needed to effect a business opportunity, we would be compelled to either restructure the transaction or abandon that particular business opportunity and seek an alternative business opportunity. If we are unable to effect a business opportunity, our warrants may expire worthless. In addition, even if we do not need additional financing to effect a business opportunity, we may require such financing to fund our operations or growth. The failure to secure additional financing could have a material adverse effect on our continued development or growth. None of our officers, directors or stockholders is required to provide any financing.

 

Our Sponsor controls a substantial interest in us and thus may exert a substantial influence on actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support.

 

Given that it controls a substantial interest in us, our Sponsor may exert a substantial influence on actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support, including amendments to our certificate of incorporation.

 

We may amend the terms of the warrants in a manner that may be adverse to holders of public warrants with the approval by the holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants. As a result, the exercise price of your warrants could be increased, the exercise period could be shortened and the number of shares of our Class A common stock purchasable upon exercise of a warrant could be decreased, all without your approval.

 

Our warrants were issued in registered form under a warrant agreement between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent, and us. The warrant agreement provides that the terms of the warrants may be amended without the consent of any holder to cure any ambiguity or correct any defective provision, but requires the approval by the holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants to make any change that adversely affects the interests of the registered holders of public warrants. Accordingly, we may amend the terms of the public warrants in a manner adverse to a holder if holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants approve of such amendment (which would include any public warrants purchased by our Sponsor or any of our officers or directors).

 

Although our ability to amend the terms of the public warrants with the consent of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants is unlimited, examples of such amendments could be amendments to, among other things, increase the exercise price of the warrants, convert the warrants into cash, shorten the exercise period or decrease the number of shares of Class A common stock purchasable upon exercise of a warrant.

 

We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and if we take advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies, this could make our securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare our performance with other public companies.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. As a result, our stockholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important. We could be an emerging growth company for up to five years, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier, including if the market value of our shares of Class A common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any September 30 before that time, in which case we would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31. We cannot predict whether investors will find our securities less attractive because we will rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result of our reliance on these exemptions, the trading prices of our securities may be lower than they otherwise would be, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the trading prices of our securities may be more volatile.

 

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Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

Additionally, we are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K. Smaller reporting companies may take advantage of certain reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, providing only two years of audited financial statements. We will remain a smaller reporting company until the last day of the fiscal year in which (1) the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $250 million as of the prior September 30th, or (2) our annual revenues exceeded $100 million during such completed fiscal year and the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the prior September 30th. To the extent we take advantage of such reduced disclosure obligations, it may also make comparison of our financial statements with other public companies difficult or impossible.

 

Compliance obligations under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may make it more difficult for us to effect a business opportunity, require substantial financial and management resources, and increase the time and costs of completing a transaction.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires that we evaluate and report on our system of internal controls beginning with our Annual Report on Form 10-K. Only in the event we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer or an accelerated filer and no longer an emerging growth company will we be required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirement on our internal control over financial reporting. Further, for as long as we remain an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirement on our internal control over financial reporting. The development and maintenance of internal control to achieve compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may increase the time and costs necessary to effect a business opportunity.

 

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law may inhibit a takeover of us, which could limit the price investors might be willing to pay in the future for our common stock and could entrench management.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. Holders of our Founder Shares will be entitled to ten (10) votes for each Founder Share held at any annual or special meeting of stockholders or in the case of any written consent of stockholders in lieu of a meeting and for all purposes. Holders of our public shares will be entitled to one vote for each such share. Additionally, only holders of our Founder Shares will have the right to vote on the election of directors. Holders of our public shares will not be entitled to vote on the election of directors. This may entrench management and discourage unsolicited stockholder proposals that may be in the best interest of stockholders. Moreover, our board of directors has the ability to designate the terms of and issue new series of preferred stock.

 

We are also subject to anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law, which could delay or prevent a change of control. Together these provisions may make more difficult the removal of management and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for our securities.

 

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Our certificate of incorporation provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit our stockholder’s ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

 

Our certificate of incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware and, if brought outside of Delaware, the stockholder bringing the suit will be deemed to have consented to service of process on such stockholder’s counsel except any action (A) as to which the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware determines that there is an indispensable party not subject to the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery (and the indispensable party does not consent to the personal jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery within ten days following such determination), (B) which is vested in the exclusive jurisdiction of a court or forum other than the Court of Chancery, (C) for which the Court of Chancery does not have subject matter jurisdiction, or (D) any action arising under the Securities Act, as to which the Court of Chancery and the federal district court for the District of Delaware shall have concurrent jurisdiction. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our certificate of incorporation.

 

This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or any of our directors, officers or employees, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims, although our stockholders will not be deemed to have waived our compliance with federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder and may therefore bring a claim in another appropriate forum. We cannot be certain that a court will decide that this provision is either applicable or enforceable, and if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

Our certificate of incorporation provides that the exclusive forum provision will be applicable to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law. Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. As a result, the exclusive forum provision will not apply to suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction.

 

Cyber incidents or attacks directed at us could result in information theft, data corruption, operational disruption and/or financial loss.

 

We will likely depend on digital technologies, including information systems, infrastructure and cloud applications and services, including those of third parties with which we may deal. Sophisticated and deliberate attacks on, or security breaches in, our systems or infrastructure, or the systems or infrastructure of third parties or the cloud, could lead to corruption or misappropriation of our assets, proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data. As an early-stage company without significant investments in data security protection, we may not be sufficiently protected against such occurrences. We may not have sufficient resources to adequately protect against, or to investigate and remediate any vulnerability to, cyber incidents. It is possible that any of these occurrences, or a combination of them, could have adverse consequences on our business and lead to financial loss or inability to effect a business opportunity.

 

There may be tax consequences that may adversely affect us.

 

While we expect to undertake any business opportunity so as to minimize taxes, a particular transaction could result in the imposition of substantial taxes. Additionally, depending on the date and size of our initial business combination, it is possible that at least 60% of our adjusted ordinary gross income may consist of personal holding company income. In addition, depending on the concentration of our stock in the hands of individuals, including the members of our Sponsor and certain tax-exempt organizations, pension funds, and charitable trusts, it is possible that more than 50% of our stock will be owned or deemed owned (pursuant to the constructive ownership rules) by such persons during the last half of a taxable year. Thus, no assurance can be given that we will not become a personal holding company following this offering or in the future. If we are or were to become a personal holding company in a given taxable year, we would be subject to an additional personal holding company tax, currently 20%, on our undistributed taxable income, subject to certain adjustments.

 

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There may be uncertain or adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences.

 

There may be uncertain U.S. federal income tax consequences pertaining to certain transactions. For instance, the U.S. federal income tax consequences of a cashless exercise of warrants is unclear under current law. Prospective investors are urged to consult their tax advisors with respect to these and other tax consequences when purchasing, holding or disposing of our securities.

  

If we pursue a business opportunity outside of the United States, we may face additional burdens in connection with investigating, agreeing to and effecting such business opportunity, and if we effect such business opportunity, we would be subject to a variety of additional risks that may negatively impact our operations.

 

If we pursue a business opportunity outside of the United States, we would be subject to risks associated with a variety of cross-border issues, including in connection with investigating, agreeing to and effecting a business opportunity, conducting due diligence in a foreign jurisdiction, having such transaction approved by any local governments, regulators or agencies and changes in the purchase price based on fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.

 

If we effect a business opportunity outside of the United States, we would be subject to any special considerations or risks associated with operating in an international setting, including any of the following:

 

  costs and difficulties inherent in managing cross-border business operations;
     
  rules and regulations regarding currency redemption;
     
  complex corporate withholding taxes on individuals;
     
  laws governing the manner in which future operations may be affected;
     
  exchange listing and/or delisting requirements;
     
  tariffs and trade barriers;
     
  regulations related to customs and import/export matters;
     
  local or regional economic policies and market conditions;
     
  unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;
     
  longer payment cycles;
     
  tax issues, such as tax law changes and variations in tax laws as compared to the United States;
     
  currency fluctuations and exchange controls;
     
  rates of inflation;
     
  challenges in collecting accounts receivable;
     
  cultural and language differences;

 

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  employment regulations;
     
  underdeveloped or unpredictable legal or regulatory systems;
     
  corruption;
     
  protection of intellectual property;
     
  social unrest, crime, strikes, riots and civil disturbances;
     
  regime changes and political upheaval;
     
  terrorist attacks and wars; and
     
  deterioration of political relations with the United States.

 

We may not be able to adequately address these additional risks. If we were unable to do so, we may be unable to effect such business opportunity, or, if we do effect such business opportunity, our operations might suffer, either of which may adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If a change in management occurs, and new management is unfamiliar with United States securities laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws, which could lead to various regulatory issues.

 

Our management may resign from their positions as officers or directors of the company and new management may take their place. New management may not be familiar with United States securities laws. If new management is unfamiliar with United States securities laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws. This could be expensive and time-consuming and could lead to various regulatory issues which may adversely affect our operations.

 

If we effect a business opportunity outside of the United States, substantially all of our assets could be located in a foreign country and substantially all of our revenue could be derived from our operations in such country. Accordingly, our results of operations and prospects could be subject, to a significant extent, to the economic, political and legal policies, developments and conditions in the country in which we operate.

 

The economic, political and social conditions, as well as government policies, of the country in which our operations are ultimately located could affect our business. Economic growth could be uneven, both geographically and among various sectors of the economy, and such growth may not be sustained in the future. If in the future such country’s economy experiences a downturn or grows at a slower rate than expected, there may be less demand for spending in certain industries. A decrease in demand for spending in certain industries could materially and adversely affect our ability to find and/or effect an attractive business opportunity.

 

Exchange rate fluctuations and currency policies may cause our ability to succeed in the international markets to be diminished.

 

In the event we effect a business opportunity outside of the United States, all revenues and income would likely be received in a foreign currency, and the dollar equivalent of our net assets and distributions, if any, could be adversely affected by reductions in the value of the local currency. The value of currencies fluctuates and are affected by, among other things, changes in political and economic conditions. Any change in the relative value of such currency against our reporting currency may affect the attractiveness of any business opportunity and/or our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, if a currency appreciates in value against the dollar prior to the consummation of a transaction, the cost of a transaction as measured in dollars will increase, which may make it less likely that we are able to consummate such transaction.

 

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We may face risks related to consumer and consumer-related products and services industries.

 

Business opportunities within the consumer and consumer-related products and services industries entail special considerations and risks. If we are successful in effecting a business opportunity within such industries, we may be subject to, and possibly adversely affected by, the following risks:

 

  an inability to compete effectively in a highly competitive environment with many incumbents having substantially greater resources;
     
  an inability to manage rapid change, increasing consumer expectations and growth;
     
  an inability to build strong brand identity and improve customer satisfaction and loyalty;
     
  limitations on our ability to protect our intellectual property rights, including trade secrets, that could cause a loss in revenue and any competitive advantage;
     
  the high cost or unavailability of materials, equipment, supplies and personnel that could adversely affect our ability to execute our operations on a timely basis;
     
  an inability to attract and retain customers;
     
  an inability to license or enforce intellectual property rights on which our business may depend;
     
  seasonality and weather conditions that may cause our operating results to vary from quarter to quarter;
     
  an inability by us to successfully anticipate changing consumer preferences and buying trends and manage our product line and inventory commensurate with customer demand;
     
  potential liability for negligence, copyright, or trademark infringement or other claims based on the nature and content of materials that we may distribute;
     
  dependence of our operations upon third-party suppliers whose failure to perform adequately could disrupt our business;
     
  our operating results may be adversely affected by changes in the cost or availability of raw materials and energy;
     
  we may be subject to production-related risks which could jeopardize our ability to realize anticipated sales and profits;
     
  regulatory changes that impact our ability to import products or material inputs on a cost effective basis;
     
  changes in the retail industry and markets for consumer products affecting our customers or retailing practices could negatively impact customer relationships and our results of operations; and
     
  our business could involve the potential for product recalls, product liability and other claims against us, which could affect our earnings and financial condition.

 

Any of the foregoing could have an adverse impact on our operations. However, our efforts in identifying prospective businesses opportunities will not be limited to consumer and consumer-related products and services industries. Accordingly, if we effect a business opportunity in another industry, these risks will likely not affect us and we will be subject to other risks attendant with the specific industry in which we operate, none of which can be presently ascertained.

 

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Failure to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

As a public company, we are required to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Internal control over financial reporting is complex and may be revised over time to adapt to changes in our business, or changes in applicable accounting rules. We cannot assure you that our internal control over financial reporting will be effective in the future or that a material weakness will not be discovered with respect to a prior period for which we had previously believed that our internal control over financial reporting was effective. Matters impacting our internal control over financial reporting may cause us to be unable to report our financial information on a timely basis, or may cause us to restate previously issued financial information, and thereby subject us to adverse regulatory consequences, including sanctions or investigations by the SEC, or violations of applicable stock exchange listing rules. There could also be a negative reaction in the financial markets due to a loss of investor confidence in us and the reliability of our financial statements. Confidence in the reliability of our financial statements is also likely to suffer if we report a material weakness in the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. This could materially adversely affect us by, for example, leading to a decline in the price of our shares/warrants and impairing our ability to attract a business opportunity and/or consummate a transaction.

 

Our warrants are accounted for as liabilities and changes in the value of our warrants could have a material effect on our financial results.

 

On April 12, 2021, the SEC Staff expressed its view that certain terms and conditions common to SPAC warrants may require the warrants to be classified as liabilities instead of equity on the SPAC’s balance sheet. As a result of the SEC Staff Statement, we re-evaluated the accounting treatment of our warrants, and determined to classify the warrants as derivative liabilities measured at fair value, with changes in fair value reported in our statement of operations for each reporting period.

 

As a result, included on our balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and contained elsewhere in this report, are derivative liabilities related to embedded features contained within our warrants. ASC 815-40 provides for the re-measurement of the fair value of such derivatives at each balance sheet date, with a resulting non-cash gain or loss related to the change in the fair value being recognized in earnings in the statement of operations. As a result of the recurring fair value measurement, our financial statements and results of operations may fluctuate quarterly based on factors which are outside of our control. Due to the recurring fair value measurement, we expect that we will recognize non-cash gains or losses on our warrants each reporting period and that the amount of such gains or losses could be material.

 

Changes in laws or regulations, or a failure to comply with any laws and regulations, may adversely affect our business, including our ability to identify a potential business opportunity and/or negotiate and complete a transaction, and results of operations.

 

We are subject to laws and regulations enacted by national, regional and local governments. In particular, we will be required to comply with certain SEC and other legal requirements. Compliance with, and monitoring of, applicable laws and regulations may be difficult, time consuming and costly. Those laws and regulations and their interpretation and application may also change from time to time and those changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, investments and results of operations. In addition, a failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations, as interpreted and applied, could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our ability to identify a potential business opportunity and/or negotiate and complete a transaction, and results of operations.

 

34

 

 

If we are deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act, we may be required to institute burdensome compliance requirements and our activities may be restricted, which may make it difficult for us to complete a transaction or conduct other business activities.

 

If we are deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act, our activities may be restricted, including:

 

  restrictions on the nature of our investments; and

 

  restrictions on the issuance of securities, each of which may make it difficult for us to identify a potential business opportunity and/or negotiate and complete a transaction.

 

In addition, we may have imposed upon us burdensome requirements, including:

 

  registration as an investment company;

 

  adoption of a specific form of corporate structure; and

 

  independence, reporting, record keeping, voting, proxy and disclosure requirements and other rules and regulations.

 

In order not to be regulated as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, unless we can qualify for an exclusion, we must ensure that we are engaged primarily in a business other than investing, reinvesting or trading in securities for purposes of Section (3)(a)(1)(A) thereof and that our activities do not include investing, reinvesting, owning, holding or trading “investment securities” constituting more than 40% of our total assets (exclusive of U.S. government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis for purposes of Section (3)(a)(1)(C) thereof. Our business is to identify a potential business opportunity and complete a transaction.

 

We do not believe that our principal ongoing activities centered on identifying a potential business opportunity and completing a transaction will subject us to the Investment Company Act under the definition of “investment company” contained in Section (3)(a)(1)(A) thereof. By having a business plan targeted at identifying a potential business opportunity and completing a transaction, we intend to avoid being deemed an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act.

 

However, we are aware of litigation against certain entities asserting that, notwithstanding the foregoing, those entities should be considered investment companies and the SEC has suggested that the extended period of investment of assets by similar such entities raise questions about their status as investment companies under Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act.

 

A new 1% U.S. federal excise tax could be imposed on the Company in connection with redemptions.

 

On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the “IRA”) was signed into federal law. The IRA provides for, among other things, a new U.S. federal 1% excise tax on certain repurchases (including redemptions as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) of stock by publicly traded U.S. corporations and certain U.S. subsidiaries of publicly traded non-U.S. corporations (each, a “covered corporation”). Because our securities are publicly trading in the over-the-counter market, we may be deemed a “covered corporation” for this purpose. The excise tax is imposed on the repurchasing corporation itself, not its shareholders from which shares are repurchased. The amount of the excise tax is generally 1% of the fair market value of the shares repurchased at the time of the repurchase. However, for purposes of calculating the excise tax, repurchasing corporations are permitted to net the fair market value of certain new stock issuances against the fair market value of stock repurchases during the same taxable year. In addition, certain exceptions apply to the excise tax. The U.S. Department of Treasury has been given authority to provide regulations and other guidance to carry out, and prevent the abuse or avoidance of, the excise tax. The IRA applies only to repurchases that occur after December 31, 2022.

 

Therefore, any redemption or other repurchase that occurs after December 31, 2022, may be subject to the excise tax. Whether and to what extent we would be subject to the excise tax would depend on a number of factors, including (i) the fair market value of the redemptions and, (ii) the nature and amount of the equity, and (iii) the content of regulations and other guidance from the U.S. Department of the Treasury. In addition, because the excise tax would be payable by the Company, and not by the redeeming holder, the mechanics of any required payment of the excise tax have not been determined. The foregoing could cause a reduction in the cash available on hand to identify a potential business opportunity and/or complete a transaction.

 

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We filed a Form 25 with the SEC which became effective October 21, 2022, to voluntarily delist our common stock and public warrants from the NYSE and our securities are now available for limited quotation in the over-the-counter market and it is expected that any trading will be limited and sporadic.

 

Our delisting from the NYSE took effect on October 21, 2022; initially our shares of common stock and public warrants were trading on the NYSE and thereafter became eligible for quotation on the Pink tier of OTC Markets Group, if market makers commit to making a market in the securities. We can provide no assurance that trading in our securities will continue on the OTC Markets Group or otherwise. As a result of the delisting, we could face significant material adverse consequences, including:

 

  a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;

 

  reduced liquidity with respect to our securities;

 

  a determination that our shares of common stock are “penny stock”, which will require brokers trading in our shares of common stock to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our shares of common stock;

 

  a limited amount of news and analyst coverage for our company; and

 

  a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.

 

Currently our securities are not eligible for proprietary broker-dealer quotations. All quotes will reflect unsolicited customer orders and, as a result, we expect any trading to involve a higher risk of wider spreads, increased volatility, and price dislocations and a general illiquid trading environment. Proprietary broker-dealer quotations may not commence until an initial review by a broker-dealer under the SEC’s Rule 15c2-11 which would enable brokers to publish competing quotes and provide continuous market making. No assurance can be provided that a liquid trading market will develop even if market makers begin proprietary quotations and thus we expect investors will experience difficulty in trading our securities.

 

The National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996, which is a federal statute, prevents or preempts the states from regulating the sale of certain securities, which are referred to as “covered securities.” Because they have been delisted, our securities would not be covered securities and we would be subject to regulation in each state in which we offer our securities. This state level regulation introduces additional compliance requirements for brokers to consider making markets in our securities and will further negatively impact any trading liquidity in our securities.

 

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

On March 20, 2020, the Sponsor purchased 3,593,750 shares of Class B convertible common stock, the “Founder Shares”, for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000, or approximately $0.007 per share. On August 3, 2020, the Company effected a 1.4-for-1 forward stock split of its issued and outstanding shares of Class B convertible common stock, resulting in an aggregate of 5,031,250 Founder Shares being issued and outstanding. The Underwriters’ over-allotment option expired unutilized resulting in 656,250 shares of Founder Shares being forfeited. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, 1,175,000 Founder Shares were issued and outstanding. The foregoing issuance was made pursuant to the exemption from registration contained in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

On September 24, 2020, we consummated the Initial Public Offering of 17,500,000 Units, which did not include the full or partial exercise by the underwriters of the over-allotment option to purchase an additional 2,625,000 Units, at $10.00 per Unit. The securities in the offering were registered under the Securities Act on registration statements on Form S-1 (No. 333-241670). The Securities and Exchange Commission declared the registration statements effective on September 21, 2020.

 

Simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Public Offering, the Company consummated the sale of 6,150,000 warrants at a price of $1.00 per Private Warrant in a private placement to PMV Consumer Acquisition Holdings Company, LLC, generating gross proceeds of $6,150,000. The issuance was made pursuant to the exemption from registration contained in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

The Private Warrants are identical to the warrants underlying the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering, except that the Private Warrants are not transferable, assignable or saleable, subject to certain limited exceptions.

 

Of the gross proceeds received from the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Warrants, $175,000,000 was placed in the Trust Account. The Trust Account was terminated following the redemption of the outstanding shares of Class A common stock subject to redemption, which was completed on December 27, 2022, in accordance with the provisions of our charter, and all cash and stock held therein was released to holders of Class A IPO Shares in complete liquidation of the assets held in trust.

 

We paid a total of $3,500,000 in underwriting discounts and commissions and $332,390 for other costs and expenses related to the Initial Public Offering, net of a $175,000 credit paid by the Underwriter.

 

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities.

 

None

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

No.   Description of Exhibit
1.1.   Underwriting Agreement between the Company and UBS Securities LLC and BTIG, LLC as representatives of the underwriters (1)
3.1   Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 7, 2023)
3.1.1   Certificate of Amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of PMV Consumer Acquisition Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on May 3, 2024)
3.2   Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 7, 2023)
4.1   Warrant Agreement between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (1)
10.1   Letter Agreement between the Company and PMV Consumer Acquisition Holding Company, LLC (1)
10.2   Investment Management Trust Agreement between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company(1)
10.3   Subscription Agreement for private warrants between the Company and PMV Consumer Acquisition Holding Company, LLC(1)
10.4   Registration Rights Agreement between the Company and PMV Consumer Acquisition Company, LLC (1)
10.5   Administrative Services Agreement between the Company and PMV Consumer Delaware Management Partners LLC (1)
31.1*   Certification of Co-Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2*   Certification of Co-Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.3*   Certification of Chief Accounting Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1*   Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document - The instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

 

* Filed herewith.

 

(1) Previously filed as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed September 25, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  PMV Consumer Acquisition Corp.
     
Date: May 14, 2024 By: /s/ Marc Gabelli
  Name:  Marc Gabelli
  Title: Co-Chief Executive Officer
    (Co-Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 14, 2024 By: /s/ Robert LaPenta, Jr.
  Name:   Robert LaPenta, Jr.
  Title: Co-Chief Executive Officer
    (Co-Principal Executive Officer)

 

Date: May 14, 2024 By: /s/ John N. Givissis
  Name:  John N. Givissis
  Title: Chief Accounting Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

39

 

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