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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2024

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ________ to ________

 

Commission file number 001-13101

 

AMMO, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware   83-1950534

State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization

 

(I.R.S. Identification

No.)

 

7681 E Gray Road, Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number including area code: (480) 947-0001

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value   POWW  

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

8.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value   POWWP  

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐ Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

 

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

☐ Yes No

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock of the registrant by non-affiliates as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (September 30, 2023) was $179,118,089.

 

As of June 10, 2024, there were 119,181,067 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Part III incorporates information by reference from the definitive proxy statement for the registrant’s 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed within 120 days after the end of the registrant’s fiscal year.

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I    
     
ITEM 1: BUSINESS 4
ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS 11
ITEM 1B: UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 26
ITEM 1C: CYBERSECURITY 26
ITEM 2: PROPERTIES 27
ITEM 3: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 28
ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE 28
     
PART II    
     
ITEM 5: MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 28
ITEM 6: RESERVED 30
ITEM 7: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION 30
ITEM 7A: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 42
ITEM 8: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 42
ITEM 9: CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 42
ITEM 9A: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 43
ITEM 9B: OTHER INFORMATION 47
ITEM 9C: DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS 47
     
PART III    
     
ITEM 10: DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 48
ITEM 11: EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 48
ITEM 12: SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 48
ITEM 13: CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 48
ITEM 14: PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 48
     
PART IV    
     
ITEM 15: EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 49
     
SIGNATURES 51

 

2
 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

Descriptions of agreements or other documents contained in this report are intended as summaries and are not complete descriptions thereof. Please refer to the agreements or other documents filed or incorporated herein by reference as exhibits. Please see the exhibit index at the end of this report for a complete list of those exhibits.

 

In our Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and Form 8-K filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, references to: (a) “Common Stock” refers to our common stock, $0.001 par value per share; (b) “2024 fiscal year” refers to the fiscal year that end on March 31, 2024; (c) “AMMO, Inc.,” “AMMO,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to AMMO, Inc. and its wholly owned operating subsidiaries Enlight Group II, LLC, AMMO Munitions, Inc., Firelight Group I LLC, Speedlight Group I, LLC, SNI, LLC, GB Investments, Inc., IA Tech, LLC, Outdoors Online, LLC, Enthusiast Commerce, LLC, five other subsidiaries listed on Exhibit 21.1 filed with this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and AMMO Technologies, Inc. (with AMMO Technologies, Inc. currently being inactive); and (d) “Series A Preferred Stock” refers to our 8.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value per share.

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This document contains certain “forward-looking statements”  within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such “forward-looking statements” may include, but are not limited to, any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items, any statements of the plans, strategies, goals and objectives of management for future operations, any statements concerning proposed new products and services or developments thereof, any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance, any statements or belief, and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

Forward looking statements may include the words “may,” “could,” “estimate,” “intend,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or other similar words, or the negative thereof. In some cases, you may also identify forward-looking statements based on the fact that they do not relate solely to historical fact. These forward-looking statements present our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made. We do not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the dates they are made, except as required by law. You should, however, consult further disclosures and risk factors we include in Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K.

 

3
 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.

 

Introduction

 

Ammo Inc. is a conglomerate of two premium positions in the shooting sports industry. Ammo Inc. started in ammunition manufacturing and broadened its portfolio with the acquisition of GunBroker.com (“GunBroker”) in 2021. GunBroker is an e-commerce marketplace (“Marketplace”) that connects buyers and sellers with new/used firearms and ancillary gear and componentry for the outdoor community. GunBroker helps facilitate this community with a state and federal compliant solution that connects buyers with sellers across the United States (“U.S.”) with their local federally licensed firearm dealers. This allows our base of approximately 8.1 million users to follow ownership policies and regulations through our network of over 31,000 federally licensed firearms dealers as transfer agents. The nature and operation of the Marketplace as an online auction and sales platform also affords our company a view into the total domestic market for the purpose of understanding sales trends at a granular level across all elements of the outdoor and sports shooting space.

 

Reportable Segments

 

We operate our business within, and our Chief Executive Officer reviews financial performance based on two operating segments as described below.

 

  Ammunition – which consists of our manufacturing business. The Ammunition segment engages in the design, production and marketing of ammunition, ammunition components and related products.
  Marketplace – which consists of the GunBroker e-commerce marketplace. In its role, GunBroker supports the lawful sale of firearms, ammunition, and hunting/shooting accessories.

 

See Note 20 of our consolidated financial statements for more information regarding our reportable segments.

 

Marketplace Segment - GunBroker

 

We acquired GunBroker.com on April 30, 2021, pursuant to an agreement and plan of merger by and among us, SpeedLight Group I, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Sub”), Gemini Direct Investments, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“Gemini”), and Steven F. Urvan, dated as of such date, whereby Sub merged with and into Gemini, with Sub surviving the merger as our wholly owned subsidiary. At the time of the merger, Gemini had nine subsidiaries, all of which related to Gemini’s ownership of the GunBroker.com business.

 

GunBroker is a large online marketplace dedicated to firearms, hunting, shooting and related products. Aside from merchandise bearing its logo, GunBroker does not hold any inventory listed on its site and serves to facilitate transactions between buyers and sellers. Third-party sellers list items on the site and federal and state laws govern the sale of firearms and other restricted items. Licensed firearms dealers act as transfer agents to ensure compliance with ownership policies and regulations during online transactions. GunBroker has approximately 8.1 million registered users and had over 2.6 million average daily listings on its site for the 2024 fiscal year.

 

We intend to continue to expand the services we provide on GunBroker, which will enable us to become a partner to those in our industry. In this regard, we implemented the following services since January 2023;

 

● Payment Processing – facilitating payment between parties allowing sellers to offer fast and secure electronic payments and allowing buyers to experience the ease of instant checkout.

 

● Carting Ability – enabling buyers to checkout multiple items from multiple sellers in a single transaction. Buyers will be able finalize transactions, including both regulated and nonregulated items, allowing one payment, while also having the ability to ship their purchases to more than one location. By way of example, a buyer will be able to complete a transaction with a single payment and ship the regulated items purchased to a registered federal firearms license dealer and the nonregulated items directly to their own address.

 

● GunBroker Analytics – through the compilation and refinement of vast Marketplace data, we offer e-commerce market analytics to our industry peers allowing them to better manage business strategy and planning. The analytics offering will be rebranded to Outdoor Analytics during fiscal year 2025 to expand service offerings.

 

● GunBroker Advertising – content creation for manufacturers, email campaigns, and banner ads are all part of our advertising offerings to the outdoor industry.

 

Further, we intend to implement the following additional services in our 2025 fiscal year:

 

● Collector’s Elite – a new initiative designed specifically for the discerning collector. This premium program offers curated, high-end auctions featuring rare and distinct firearms and collectibles, with a unique, cost-effective structure tailored to enhance both buyer and seller experiences.

 

● Financing Partnerships – through our partnership with Gearfire Capital, we aim to empower retailers by offering flexible financing options to their customers, enhancing purchasing power and driving sales growth. This initiative will enable participating retailers to offer their customers competitive financing options, making it easier for buyers to purchase the products they need and want.

 

Enhance Market Share, Brand Recognition, and Customer Loyalty

 

Our work to enhance and simplify the user experience on the GunBroker Marketplace platform, while adding to its merchandise and related offerings, is designed to enhance the GunBroker brand by ensuring customer (both buyers and sellers) adhesion is amplified as they access one of the largest single on-line destinations for outdoor and shooting sports enthusiasts within the U.S. market.

 

Ammunition Segment – Manufacturing

 

Our manufacturing operations are currently based out of Manitowoc, Wisconsin (“WI”). We manufacture small arms ammunition and their components for the commercial, military, and law enforcement community. Our core competency lies in our ability to deep draw rifle brass casings with a high degree of precision up to 50 caliber. As the ability to deep draw rifle cases allows our manufacturing facility to have precise control over dimensions, ensuring consistent cartridge dimensions for reliable firearm function. Our manufacturing capacities are dependent upon mix, labor, and the number of shifts we are running. We emphasize an American heritage by using predominantly American-made components and raw materials in our products that are produced, inspected, and packaged at our facilities in Manitowoc, WI.

 

We focus on manufacturing premium pistol and rifle ammunition and supporting industry partners for manufactured components. We will continue to leverage our proprietary brands like STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION and stelTH/™ and extend our product offering with premium rifle lines and brands. We also support the U.S. military with our developmental ammunition programs as we seek out and effectively execute upon new governmental-based opportunities. Our production processes focuses on safety, consistency, precision, and cleanliness. Each round is developed for consistency, velocity, accuracy, and repeatability. Each round is chamber gauged, a dimension inspection process, and inspected with quality control processes that meet or exceed Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers’ Institute (“SAAMI”) and Commission Internationale Permanente pour l’Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives (“CIP”) standards.

 

4
 

 

Our Growth Strategy

 

We intend to continue to enhance our position as a designer, producer, and marketer of ammunition products via our manufacturing and related sales operations, while simultaneously enhancing and embracing the data we have in GunBroker.com to allow us to see growing trends and demands in the U.S. customer base, and to adjust our business plans and strategies accordingly.

 

We believe that the shift in our operational strategy focusing on higher brass casing production and sales negatively impacted our sales in the year ended March 31, 2024, as compared to the year ended March 31, 2023.

 

Design, Produce, and Market Innovative, Distinctive, Performance-Driven, High-Quality Ammunition and Ammunition Components

 

We are focused on designing, producing, and marketing innovative, distinctive, performance-driven, high-quality products that appeal to retailers, manufacturers, and consumers that will enhance our users’ shooting experiences. Our research and development activities continue to drive opportunity and market attractiveness for our brands. We balance our Research and Development (“R&D”) prowess with best-in-class operational efficiencies and continue to drive our costs down through rigorous continuous improvement initiatives.

 

Continue to Strengthen Relationships with Channel Partners and Retailers.

 

We continue to strive to strengthen our relationships with our current distributors, specialty retailers, dealers, and OEM manufacturers. The success of our efforts depends on new caliber introduction, innovation in our operations, quality, performance of our products, attractiveness of our retail packaging, and the guarantees we bring to our user community through our customer support efforts.

 

Emphasis on Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty

 

We plan to continue to emphasize customer satisfaction and loyalty by offering innovative, distinctive, high-quality products on a timely basis and by offering effective customer service, training, and support for the user community. We regard the features, quality, and performance of our products as the most important components of our customer satisfaction and loyalty efforts.

 

Continuously Improving Operations

 

We continue our efforts to enhance our production and lean out our operations by increasing daily production quantities through equipment acquisition, shift expansion, process improvements, increased operational availability of our equipment, and increased overall efficiency. Since the opening in August 2022 of the Company’s state-of-the-art manufacturing plant in Manitowoc, WI, it positioned AMMO, Inc. to be the leader in brass case supply to the OEM market and under the many brands we go to market under. The plant grants us the ability to increase capacity based upon the needs of the market and through further expansion of our casing and loading lines.

 

Products

 

We design, produce, and sell small caliber ammunition and components for commercial and military applications for a variety of calibers ranging from 25 auto to 50 caliber. We ship our ammunition in the form of cartridges (or rounds), and ammunition casings for pistol ammunition through large rifle ammunition. A cartridge consists of four components: a case made of brass, steel, or polymer that holds together all the other components of the cartridge; the primer, which is an explosive chemical compound that ignites the gunpowder when struck by the firing pin; the gun powder, which is a chemical mixture that burns rapidly and creates an expanding gas when ignited and pushes the bullet out the barrel; and the bullet, or projectile, usually containing lead that is fired through the barrel to strike the target.

 

5
 

 

STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™

 

STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ enables shooters to see the path of the bullets. STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ rounds utilize non-flammable phosphor material that produces a glow by the utilization of the light emitted during the round discharge to make STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ glow. The luminescent material is applied only to the base of the projectile, making it visible only to the shooter and those within a 30-degree viewing window. As a result, the glow of STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ is not visible to the target unlike conventional tracers, which we believe is important to the military and law enforcement. We refer to the technology used by our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ as one-way luminescent or O.W.L. Technology™. Unlike conventional tracer ammunition, STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ rounds are not incendiary and do not utilize burning metals to generate light, thereby eliminating heat generation and making them safer for use in various environments and avoiding serious fire hazards. STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ comes in 380 auto, 9 millimeter, 40 Smith& Wesson, 44 magnum, 45 long colt, and 38 special among other calibers.

 

We hold the exclusive worldwide sales and distribution rights for the patented O.W.L. Technology™ used by our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ and pay a royalty based on our product sales incorporating this technology. On October 13, 2020, the Company further expanded its patent portfolio as a result of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”)’s issuance of Patent No. 10,801,821 recognizing the Company’s development of both a protectable and cutting-edge process to mass-produce luminescent projectiles, as well as the luminescent projectiles manufactured as a result of the protected process.

 

Stelth Subsonic Ammunition

 

Stelth Subsonic Ammunition (“/stelTH/™”) is designed specifically for superior performance in suppressed firearms. Stelth ammunition finds applications in which silence is paramount, such as in tactical training, predator night hunts, and clandestine operations. The Stelth ammunition is produced to be a clean burning total metal jacket round to slow baffle corrosion and reduce lead emissions that collect in the suppressor body. Stelth ammunition comes in 9mm, 40 Smith & Wesson, and 45 Automatic Colt Pistol, 223, and 300 Blackout.

 

Jagemann Munition Components

 

Through our wholly owned subsidiary Jagemann Munitions Components (“JMC”), we offer ammunition casings for pistol and rifle ammunition. Jagemann Munitions Components is backed by decades of manufacturing experience that allows the production of high-quality pistol brass and rifle brass components. Borne from the automotive industry and refined over time to deliver durable and consistent sporting components, Jagemann Munitions Components has become one of the largest brass manufacturers in the country.

 

Marketing

 

We market our products and services to consumers through distributors, dealers, mass market, and specialty retailers. We maintain consumer-focused product marketing and promotional campaigns, which include print and digital advertising campaigns; social and electronic media; product demonstrations; point-of-sales materials; in-store training, and in-store retail merchandising. Our use of social media includes Instagram, Facebook, X (formerly known as “Twitter”), LinkedIn, and YouTube. We also utilize third-party endorsements, social influencers, and brand ambassadors.

 

Product Innovation and Development

 

The Company was founded on delivering new and innovative products, such as STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ to the firearms industry. Since initiating operations in 2017, we have developed proprietary products for the commercial and military sectors. We continue to develop new product calibers and products to meet and create market demand. The core competency of our manufacturing facility lies in its ability to deep draw rifle cases. Our goal is to fill the capacity of our new Manitowoc facility with innovative products around this core competency. In our fiscal year ended March 31, 2025, we will be delivering on product calibers with high demand in premium segments of the market such as 6.5 Precision Rifle Cartridge (“PRC”), 7 millimeter PRC, 450 Bushmaster, 35 Whelen, 350 Legend, and 45-70  both in our AMMO, Inc. Signature lines as well as brass for OEM manufacturers. We expect that we and our competitors will continue to fight for shelf space at retail outlets and that, as our market transitions from high demand periods, we must introduce new product caliber designs to foster brand strength, market positioning, and loyalty. The targeted markets that we’ve expanded into encompass sport shooting enthusiasts, hunting-specific ammunition, self-defense ammunition, law enforcement and military agencies. We aim to further penetrate these sectors through product differentiation, focusing on our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™, /stelTH/™, Signature-on-Target, and HUNT product lines, all of which offer higher profit margins relative to their selling price. We will continue to add talent and engage best in class resources to enable AMMO, Inc. to continue down this path.

 

Since the acquisition, we have evolved the GunBroker Marketplace to push best in class e-commerce standards. By streamlining customer service, we push proactive customer engagement based around outreach to the seller and buyer community. In March 2024, GunBroker went live with a multi-item cart and payment application to facilitate credit card processing empowering our buyer and sellers with a streamlined checkout process. This will enable GunBroker to facilitate cross selling and drive revenue for our marketplace community. We continue to develop listing processes and improve communication flow between buyers and sellers, while also optimizing the immense amount of market data. We currently use our platform data to present personalized marketing campaigns to the user base and will continue to evolve how we engage with our customer base. Marketing, analytics, and advertising programs have been instrumental in our success to date and we are continuing to build out our teams and structure for our aggressive go to market campaigns for this fiscal year.

 

Research and Development

 

We conduct research and development activities to enhance existing products and develop new products at our facilities in Manitowoc, WI, by utilizing our personnel and strategic relationships. We expense all costs associated with our research and development efforts through either our cost of goods sold, as they are performed by the same employees who produce our finished product, or through our general and administrative expenses if the product has not been brought to market.

 

GunBroker Marketplace researches and integrates advancements in search, document processing, database, and artificial intelligence technologies. Research and development investments continue to be made for enhanced security, data protection, customer service, improved site capacity, and system resiliency.

 

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Suppliers

 

We purchase certain raw materials and components for our ammunition products, including brass, steel, or copper jackets; ammunition primers to ignite propellant; and projectiles. We believe that we have reliable sources of supply for all our raw material and component needs, but from time to time raw materials and components are subject to shortages and price increases. Most of our suppliers are U.S.-based and provide us these materials and components at competitive rates. We plan to continue to broaden our supplier base and secure multiple sources for all the raw materials and components that we require.

 

GunBroker continually evaluates partner relationships and integrations to strengthen and streamline communication and efficiency. Consolidation with best in class partners to strengthen relationships and generate cost savings by maximizing their product and service offerings.

 

Customers

 

We sell our products through distributors, “Big Box” retailers, manufacturers, specialty retailers, local ammunition stores, and shooting range operators. Our consumers include sport and recreational shooters, hunters, competitive shooters, individuals desiring home and personal protection, manufacturers, law enforcement and military agencies, and selected international markets. We distribute our products under six primary product lines: AMMO, Inc. Signature, STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™, /stelTH/™, HUNT, Signature-on-Target, and Jagemann Munitions Components. Sales outside of the United States require licenses and approval from either the U.S. Department of Commerce or the U.S. State Department. This permits the Company to export and broker ammunition and other controlled items covered under ITAR.

 

GunBroker Marketplace is uniquely positioned to service the outdoor oriented customer. Traditionally our customers have been considered the buyers and sellers on the marketplace, but we are growing into servicing manufacturers, our sellers, and the industry with analytics, advertising and promotional content. We also support numerous regional chains, individuals, and small businesses.

 

Competition

 

The ammunition and ammunition casing industry is dominated by a small number of companies, a number of which are divisions of large public companies. We compete primarily on the quality, reliability, features, performance, brand awareness, and price of our products. Our primary competitors include Federal Premium Ammunition, Remington Arms, the Winchester Ammunition division of Olin Corporation, Hornady Manufacturing Company, and various smaller manufacturers and suppliers, including Black-Hills Ammunition, CBC Group, Fiocchi Ammunition, PMC, Rio Ammunition, and Wolf Ammunition.

 

Our GunBroker Marketplace competition comes in multiple formats including other online marketplaces, direct e-commerce, brick & mortar, big box retailers, national, regional, and local stores. Through our marketplace we have created a symbiotic relationship with these same businesses. As e-commerce evolves, retail store front competitors such as Sportsman’s Warehouse, Bass Pro Shops, Cabela’s, and Academy Sports have the ability to attract our customers through in-store pick up and no Federal Firearms License (“FFL”) transfer fees. Manufacturers with an e-commerce presence such as Palmetto State Armory, Ammunition Depot, Vista Outdoors, and Freedom Munitions have the ability to market their products aggressively with less margin impact through their direct-to-consumer model.

 

Human Capital

 

As of June 10, 2024, we had a total of 374 employees. Of these employees, 263 were engaged in manufacturing, 29 in sales, marketing and customer service, 33 in research and development, manufacturing engineering, and software engineering, and 49 in various corporate and administrative functions (information technology, accounting, executives, etc.). None of our employees are represented by a union in collective bargaining with us. We believe that our employee relations are good.

 

Our human capital proposition is centered around a team-oriented work environment that promotes a culture that fosters engagement, hard work, a desire to win, and accountability. At our core, we strive to attract, develop, and retain employees that want to be a part of a dynamic workforce centered around delivering new products and services to our passionate user base. We value diversity, engagement, and unique viewpoints that enable us to excel in the marketplace.

 

Seasonality

 

Our business has not exhibited a material degree of seasonality to date but as we move into more rifle production and strive to meet our customers’ projections and needs, seasonality will have a larger effect on our sales pipeline. In particular, our net sales could be moderately higher in our second and third fiscal quarters because of the fall hunting and holiday seasons.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We believe our that tradenames, trademarks, and service markets are important factors in distinguishing our products. In addition, we regard our trade secrets, technological resources, knowhow, licensing arrangements, and endorsements as important competitive factors.

 

Under the terms of the 2017 merger between our wholly-owned subsidiary, AMMO Technologies Inc., an Arizona corporation (“ATI”) and Hallam, Inc. (“Hallam”), ATI succeeded to all of the assets of Hallam and assumed the liabilities of Hallam, which were none. The primary asset of Hallam was an exclusive license to produce projectiles and ammunition using the Hybrid Luminescence Ammunition Technology under patent U.S. 8,402,896 B1 with a publication date of March 26, 2013 owned by University of Louisiana at Lafayette (“ULL”). The license was formally amended and assigned to ATI pursuant to an Assignment and First Amendment to Exclusive License Agreement Assumption Agreement. Under the terms of the merger with Hallam, we, the sole shareholder of ATI, issued to Hallam’s two shareholders, 600,000 shares of our Common Stock, subject to restrictions, and payment of $200,000. The first payment of $100,000 to Hallam’s shareholders was paid on September 13, 2017, and the second payment of $100,000 was paid on February 6, 2018.

 

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We hold the exclusive worldwide sales and distribution rights for the patented O.W.L. Technology™ used by our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ via our license agreement with ULL. We pay ULL a royalty based on our product sales incorporating this patented technology. We have been using our O.W.L. Technology™ to compete for military contracts in part because we believe that the glow of STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ not being visible to the target (which is unlike conventional tracers) is important to the military and law enforcement.

 

Such military use is allowed pursuant to that certain Amended and Restated Exclusive License Agreement between ATI and ULL, dated as of November 16, 2017 and effective as of January 1, 2018, as amended(the “License Agreement”). The License Agreement has been renewed twice and currently expires on January 1, 2026, and is renewable in the Company’s sole discretion for successive four-year periods provided the Company is not in breach of the License Agreement.

 

We are a party to a license agreement with Jesse James, a well-known motorcycle designer, and Jesse James Firearms, LLC, a Texas limited liability company. The licensing agreement grants us the exclusive worldwide rights through April 12, 2027 to Mr. James’ image rights and all trademarks associated with him in connection with the marketing, promotion, advertising, sale, and commercial exploitation of Jesse James Branded Products. In addition, Mr. James agreed to make himself available for certain promotional activities and to promote Jesse James Branded Products through his own social media outlets. We agreed to pay Mr. James royalty fees on the sale of ammunition and non-ammunition Branded Products and to reimburse him for any out-of-pocket expenses and reasonable travel expenses.

 

Through our acquisition of SW Kenetics, Inc. (“SWK”) in 2018, we acquired the rights to a patent for modular projectiles. We use this technology is used in connection with our AP and HAPI lines of ammunition.

 

Included in the acquisition of Jagemann Munitions Components we acquired customer relationships, intellectual property, and the use of a tradename. These intangible assets are used in the operation and production of our ammunition casing business through Jagemann Munition Components.

 

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Regulatory Matters

 

The manufacture, sale, and purchase of ammunition are subject to extensive federal, state, local, and foreign governmental laws. We are also subject to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (“ATF”) and various state and international agencies that control the manufacture, export, import, distribution and sale of firearms, explosives, and ammunition. Such regulations may adversely affect demand for our products by imposing limitations that increase the costs or limit the availability of our products.

 

Our failure to comply with applicable rules and regulations may result in the limitation of our growth or business activities and could result in the revocation of licenses necessary for our business. Applicable laws and regulations provide for the following:

 

  require the licensing of all persons manufacturing, exporting, importing, or selling ammunition as a business;
     
  require serialization, labeling, and tracking of the acquisition and disposition of certain types of ammunition;
     
  regulate the interstate sale of certain ammunition;
     
  restrict or prohibit the ownership, use, or sale of specified categories of ammunition;
     
  require registries of so-called “ballistic images” of ammunition fired from new guns;
     
  govern the sale, export, and distribution of ammunition;
     
  regulate the use and storage of gun powder or other energetic materials;
     
  regulate the employment of personnel with certain criminal convictions;
     
  restrict access to ammunition manufacturing facilities for certain individuals from other countries or with criminal convictions; and
     
  require compliance with International Traffic in Arms Regulations.

 

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The handling of our technical data and the international sale of our products may also be regulated by the U.S. Department of State and Department of Commerce. These agencies can impose civil and criminal penalties, including denying us from exporting our products, for failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations.

 

In addition, bills have been introduced in Congress to establish, and to consider the feasibility of establishing a nationwide database recording so-called “ballistic images” of ammunition fired from new guns. Should such a mandatory database be established, the cost to us, our distributors, and our customers could be significant, depending on the type of firearms and ballistic information included in the database. Bills have been introduced in Congress in the past several years that would affect the manufacture and sale of ammunition, including bills to regulate their manufacture, importation, and sale.

 

Our business, and the business of all producers and marketers of ammunition and firearms, is also subject to numerous federal, state, local, and foreign laws, regulations, and protocols. Applicable laws have the following effects:

 

  require the licensing of all persons manufacturing, exporting, importing, or selling firearms and ammunition as a business;
     
  require background checks for purchasers of firearms;
     
  impose waiting periods between the purchase of a firearm and the delivery of a firearm;
     
  prohibit the sale of firearms to certain persons, such as those below a certain age and persons with criminal records;
     
  regulate the use and storage of gun powder or other energetic materials;
     
  regulate our employment of personnel with criminal convictions; and
     
  restrict access to firearm manufacturing facilities for individuals from other countries or with criminal convictions.

 

Also, the export of our products is controlled by International Traffic in Arms Regulations, or “ITAR”, and Export Administration Regulations, or “EAR”. The ITAR implements the provisions of the Arms Export Control Act and is enforced by the U.S. Department of State. The EAR implements the provisions of the Export Administration Act and is enforced by the U.S. Department of Commerce. Among their many provisions, the ITAR and the EAR require a license application for the export of many of our products. In addition, the ITAR requires congressional approval for any firearms export application with a total value of $1 million or higher. Further, because our manufacturing process includes certain toxic, flammable and explosive chemicals, we are subject to the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, as administered by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, which require that we take additional reporting and security measures related to our manufacturing process.

 

We believe that existing federal, state, and local legislation relating to the regulation of firearms and ammunition have not had a material adverse effect on our sales of these products. However, the regulation of firearms and ammunition may become more restrictive in the future, and any such developments might have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition, and cash flows. In addition, regulatory proposals, even if never enacted, may affect firearms or ammunition sales as a result of consumer perceptions.

 

Transactions taking place on the GunBroker site involving the lawful sale of firearms are facilitated from a listing and documentation standpoint by GunBroker. The transaction is consummated between a third-party buyer and seller and requires the direct involvement of an ATF FFL holder such as a gun shop or range that accepts receipt of the firearms and completes the transaction and delivery subject to confirmation of compliance with applicable federal and/or state laws.

 

Available Information

 

You can find reports on our company including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports on our website www.ammoinc.com under the “Investor Relations” heading. These reports are available free of charge and as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been filed with, or furnished to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We are providing the address of our website solely for the information of investors and the information on our website is not a part of or incorporated into this or any report that we file with the SEC.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Purchasing our Common Stock or Series A Preferred Stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risk factors, together with all of the information included in this Form 10-K Report, before you decide to purchase shares of our Common Stock or Series A Preferred Stock. We believe the risks and uncertainties described below are the most significant we face. Additional risks and uncertainties of which we are unaware, or that we currently deem immaterial, also may become important factors that affect us. If any of the following risks occur, our business, operating results, and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our Common Stock or Series A Preferred Stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

We have a limited operating history on which you can evaluate our company.

 

With the exception of GunBroker’s approximate 25 year history operating as a private company preceding the merger, we have a limited operating history on which you can evaluate our company. Although the corporate entity has existed since 1990, we have only operated as an ammunition manufacturer since March 2017 and we acquired GunBroker in 2021. As a result, our business will be subject to many of the problems, expenses, delays, and risks inherent in the establishment of a new business enterprise.

 

Our performance is influenced by a variety of economic, social, and political factors.

 

Our performance is influenced by a variety of economic, social, and political factors. In the year ended March 31, 2024, we believe that general economic conditions and consumer spending patterns negatively impacted our operating results because consumers bought fewer discretionary items such as our products. These economic conditions included, but were not limited to, declines in consumer confidence, and increases in consumer debt levels. In times of economic uncertainty, consumers tend to defer expenditures for discretionary items, which affects demand for our products. Economic conditions also affect governmental political and budgetary policies. As a result, economic conditions also can have an adverse effect on the sale of our products to law enforcement, government, and military customers.

 

Political and other factors also can adversely affect our performance. Concerns about presidential, congressional, and state elections and legislature and policy shifts resulting from those elections can adversely affect the demand for our products. In addition, uncertainty surrounding the control of firearms, firearm products, and ammunition at the federal, state, and local level and heightened fears of terrorism and crime can adversely affect consumer demand for our products. Often, such concerns result in an increase in near-term consumer demand and subsequent softening of demand when such concerns subside.

 

Federal and state legislatures frequently consider legislation relating to the regulation of firearms, including amendment or repeal of existing legislation. Existing laws may also be affected by future judicial rulings and interpretations. If restrictive changes to legislation develop, we could find it difficult, expensive, or even impossible to comply with them, impeding new product development and distribution of existing products.

 

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War, terrorism, other acts of violence, or natural, or manmade disasters, such as a global pandemic, may affect the markets in which the Company operates, the Company’s customers, the Company’s delivery of products and customer service, and could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, or financial condition.

 

The Company’s business and supply chain could be adversely affected by instability, disruption or destruction in a geographic region in which it operates, regardless of cause, including war, terrorism, riot, civil insurrection or social unrest, and natural or manmade disasters, including famine, food, fire, earthquake, storm or pandemic events, and spread of disease.

 

Such events may cause customers to suspend their decisions on using the Company’s products and services, make it impossible to access some of our inventory, and give rise to sudden significant changes in regional and global economic conditions and cycles that could interfere with purchases of goods or services and commitments to develop new products and services. These events also pose significant risks to the Company’s personnel and to physical facilities, transportation and operations, which could materially adversely affect the Company’s financial results.

 

Any significant disruption to communications and travel, including travel restrictions and other potential protective quarantine measures against a pandemic by governmental agencies, could make it difficult for the Company to deliver goods services to its customers. War, riots, or other disasters may increase the need for our products and demand by our government and military and may make it more difficult to provide our products to other customers.

 

Worldwide economic and social instability could adversely affect our revenue, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

The health of the global economy, and the credit markets and the financial services industry in particular, as well as the stability of the social fabric of our society, affects our business and operating results. For example, the credit and financial markets may be adversely affected by the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine and measures taken in response thereto. If the credit markets are not favorable, we may be unable to raise additional financing when needed or on favorable terms. Our customers may experience financial difficulties or be unable to borrow money to fund their operations, which may adversely impact their ability to purchase our products or to pay for our products on a timely basis, if at all.

 

We are engaged in legal proceedings that could cause us to incur unforeseen expenses and could occupy a significant amount of our management’s time and attention.

 

On April 30, 2023, Director and shareholder Steve Urvan filed suit in the Delaware Chancery Court against the Company, certain Directors, former directors, employees, former employees, and consultants, seeking rescission of the Company’s acquisition of GunBroker and certain affiliated companies. Plaintiff Urvan’s claims include rescission, misrepresentation, and fraud. The Company is currently in communications with its insurance carriers as concerns coverage (defense and indemnification), has engaged counsel and formal/legal service of process is being coordinated at this time. The Company and named defendants are in alignment and believe at this date that the claims are without merit and the Company has engaged Delaware Chancery Court litigation specialists to defend its interests in all respects in this case.

 

The claims made by Mr. Urvan and such other litigation or claims that may be made against the Company or its officers or directors, from time to time, could negatively affect our business, operations, or financial position. As we grow, we will likely see a rise in the number of litigation matters against us. These matters may include employment and labor claims, product liability, and other claims related to our products, as well as consumer and securities class actions, each of which are typically expensive to defend. Litigation disputes could cause us to incur unforeseen expenses and otherwise occupy a significant amount of our management’s time and attention, any of which could negatively affect our business operations and financial position.

 

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If we are not able to expand our e-commerce business, our future growth could be curtailed.

 

Consumers are increasingly purchasing products online. We have operated direct-to-consumer e-commerce stores to maintain an online presence with our end users. The future success of our online operations depends on our ability to use our marketing resources to communicate with existing and potential customers. We face competitive pressure to offer promotional discounts, which could impact our gross margin and increase our marketing expenses. We are limited, however, in our ability to fully respond to competitor price discounting because we cannot market our products at prices that may produce adverse relationships with our customers that operate brick and mortar locations as they may perceive themselves to be at a disadvantage based on lower e-commerce pricing to end consumers. There is no assurance that we will be able to successfully expand our e-commerce business to respond to shifting consumer traffic patterns and direct-to-consumer buying trends.

 

In addition, e-commerce and direct-to-consumer operations are subject to numerous risks, including implementing and maintaining appropriate technology to support business strategies, reliance on third-party computer hardware/software and service providers, data breaches, violations of state, federal or international laws, including those relating to online privacy, credit card fraud, telecommunication failures, electronic break-ins and similar disruptions, and disruption of Internet service. Our inability to adequately respond to these risks and uncertainties or to successfully maintain and expand our direct-to-consumer business may have an adverse impact on our business and operating results.

 

The GunBroker auction website facilitates the lawful sale of firearms, ammunition and accessories between listing sellers and interested buyers and includes the direct transactional involvement of FFLs regulated by the ATF. A change in applicable federal or state law and restrictions that prohibits GunBroker from providing its facilitative auction platform services would have a direct substantial financial impact on its operations that may potentially cause an adverse effect on the continuity of its operations.

 

If we are unable to protect our intellectual property, we may lose a competitive advantage or incur substantial litigation costs to protect our rights.

 

Our future success depends upon our proprietary technology. Our protective measures, including patent and trade secret protection, may prove inadequate to protect our proprietary rights. The right to stop others from misusing our trademarks, service marks, and patents in commerce depends to some extent on our ability to show evidence of enforcement of our rights against such misuse in commerce. Our efforts to stop improper use, if insufficient, may lead to loss of trademark and service mark rights, brand loyalty, and notoriety among our customers and prospective customers. The scope of any patent that we have or may obtain may not prevent others from developing and selling competing products. The validity and breadth of claims covered in technology patents involve complex legal and factual questions, and the resolution of such claims may be highly uncertain, and expensive. In addition, our patents may be held invalid upon challenge, or others may claim rights in or ownership of our patents.

 

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We may be subject to intellectual property infringement claims, which could cause us to incur litigation costs and divert management attention from our business.

 

Any intellectual property infringement claims against us, with or without merit, could be costly and time-consuming to defend and divert our management’s attention from our business. If our products were found to infringe a third party’s proprietary rights, we could be required to enter into costly royalty or licensing agreements to be able to sell our products. Royalty and licensing agreements, if required, may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all.

 

Breaches of our information systems could adversely affect our reputation, disrupt our operations, and result in increased costs and loss of sales.

 

There have been an increasing number of cybersecurity incidents affecting companies around the world, which have caused operational failures or compromised sensitive corporate data. Although we do not believe that our systems are at a greater risk of cybersecurity incidents than other similar organizations, any such cybersecurity incidents may result in the loss or compromise of customer, financial, or operational data, disruption of billing, collections, or normal operating activities, disruption of electronic monitoring and control of operational systems, and delays in financial reporting and other management functions. Possible impacts associated with a cybersecurity incident may include among others, remediation costs related to lost, stolen, or compromised data, repairs to data processing systems, increased cyber security protection costs, reputational damage, and adverse effects on our compliance with applicable privacy and other laws and regulations.

 

A failure of our information technology systems, or an interruption in their operation due to internal or external factors including cyber-attacks, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Our operations depend on our ability to protect our information systems, computer equipment, and information databases from systems failures. We rely on our information technology systems generally to manage the day-to-day operations of our business, operate elements of our manufacturing facility, manage relationships with our customers, fulfill customer orders, and maintain our financial and accounting records. Failure of our information technology systems could be caused by internal or external events, such as incursions by intruders or hackers, computer viruses, cyber-attacks, failures in hardware or software, or power or telecommunication fluctuations or failures. The failure of our information technology systems to perform as anticipated for any reason or any significant breach of security could disrupt our business and result in numerous adverse consequences, including reduced effectiveness and efficiency of operations, increased costs, or loss of important information, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. Any technology and information security processes and disaster recovery plans we use to mitigate our risk to these vulnerabilities may not be adequate to ensure that our operations will not be disrupted should such an event occur.

 

Risks Related to Our Products and Our Dependence on Third Parties

 

Our success depends upon our ability to introduce new products that match consumer preferences.

 

Our success depends upon our ability to introduce new products that match consumer preferences. Our efforts to introduce new products into the market may not be successful, and any new products that we introduce may not result in customer or market acceptance. We develop new products that we believe will match consumer preferences. The development of a new product is a lengthy and costly process and may not result in a successful product. Failure to develop new products that are attractive to consumers could decrease our sales, operating margins, and market share and could adversely affect our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

We depend on the sale of our ammunition products.

 

We manufacture ammunition and ammunition casings for sale to a wide variety of consumers, including gun enthusiasts, collectors, hunters, sportsmen, competitive shooters, individuals desiring home and personal protection, manufacturers, law enforcement and security agencies and officers in the United States and throughout the world. The sale of ammunition and ammunition components is influenced by the sale and usage of firearms. Sales of firearms are influenced by a variety of economic, social, and political factors, which may result in volatile sales. Ammunition sales represented a substantial amount of our net sales for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2024, 2023, 2022 and 2021. If ammunition sales decline, our financial results could be adversely impacted and the market price of our Common Stock could decline.

 

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Our manufacturing facilities are critical to our success.

 

Our manufacturing operations are currently based out of two facilities in Manitowoc, WI and are critical to our success, as we currently produce all of our products at these facilities. These facilities also house our principal research, development, engineering, and design functions.

 

Any event that causes a disruption to the operation of these facilities for even a relatively short period of time would adversely affect our ability to produce and ship our products and to provide service to our customers. We make certain changes in our manufacturing operations from time to time to enhance the facilities and associated equipment and systems and to introduce certain efficiencies in manufacturing and other processes to produce our products in a more efficient and cost-effective manner. We have incurred significant capital and other expenditures with respect to our $26 million manufacturing plant, but we may not be successful in continuing to improve efficiencies.

 

Shortages of components and materials may delay or reduce our sales and increase our costs, thereby harming our results of operations.

 

The inability to obtain sufficient quantities of raw materials and components, including brass, steel, or copper jackets, primers, propellant, and projectiles necessary for the production of our products could result in reduced or delayed sales or lost orders. Any delay in or loss of sales or orders could adversely impact our operating results. Many of the materials used in the production of our products are available only from a limited number of suppliers. We do not have long-term supply contracts with any suppliers. As a result, we could be subject to increased costs, supply interruptions, and difficulties in obtaining raw materials and components. As global conflicts escalate nitrocellulose and propellant production becomes in higher demand, and as a result in these events could constrain U.S. production for propellant destined for the commercial markets, which could have an unforeseen impact on the U.S. firearm and ammunition market.

 

Our reliance on third-party suppliers for various raw materials and components for our products exposes us to volatility in the availability, quality, and price of these raw materials and components. Our orders with certain of our suppliers may represent a very small portion of their total orders. As a result, they may not give priority to our business, leading to potential delays in or cancellation of our orders. A disruption in deliveries from our third-party suppliers, capacity constraints, production disruptions, price increases, or decreased availability of raw materials or commodities could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers or increase our operating costs. Quality issues experienced by third party suppliers can also adversely affect the quality and effectiveness of our products and result in liability and reputational harm.

 

We rely on third-party suppliers for most of our manufacturing equipment.

 

We also rely on third-party suppliers for most of the manufacturing equipment necessary to produce our products. The failure of suppliers to supply manufacturing equipment in a timely manner or on commercially reasonable terms could delay our plans to expand our business and otherwise disrupt our production schedules and increase our manufacturing costs. Our orders with certain of our suppliers may represent a very small portion of their total orders. As a result, they may not give priority to our business, leading to potential delays in or cancellation of our orders. If any single-source supplier were to fail to supply our needs on a timely basis or cease providing us with manufacturing equipment or components, we would be required to locate and contract with substitute suppliers. We may have difficulty identifying a substitute supplier in a timely manner and on commercially reasonable terms. If this were to occur, our business would be harmed. In addition, adverse economic conditions, such as recent supply chain disruptions and labor shortages and persistent inflation, have impacted, and may continue to adversely impact our suppliers’ ability to provide us with materials and components, which may negatively impact our business. These economic conditions make it more difficult for us to accurately forecast and plan our future business activities.

 

Our revenue depends primarily on sales by various retailers and distributors, some of which account for a significant portion of our sales.

 

Our loaded ammunition and munition components revenue depends on our sales through various leading national and regional retailers, local specialty firearms stores, and online merchants. The U.S. retail industry serving the outdoor recreation market has become relatively concentrated. Our sales could become increasingly dependent on purchases by several large retail customers. Consolidation in the retail industry could also adversely affect our business. If our sales were to become increasingly dependent on business with several large retailers, we could be adversely affected by the loss or a significant decline in sales to one or more of these customers. In addition, our dependence on a smaller group of retailers could result in their increased bargaining position and pressures on the prices we charge.

 

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The loss of any one or more of our large or “Big Box” retail customers or significant or numerous cancellations, reductions, delays in purchases or changes in business practices by our large or “Big Box” retail customers could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

These sales channels involve a number of special risks, including the following:

 

  we may be unable to secure and maintain favorable relationships with retailers and distributors;

 

  we may be unable to control the timing of delivery of our products to end-user consumers;

 

  our retailers and distributors are not subject to minimum sales requirements or any obligation to market our products to their customers;

 

  our retailers and distributors may terminate their relationships with us at any time;

 

  our retailers and distributors market and distribute competing products; and

 

  our retailers may experience closure due to disease outbreaks or other natural or manmade disasters in a particular region.

 

Although the Company did not have any customers that comprised more than 10% of total revenues for the year ended March 31, 2024, one customer accounted for approximately 12% of our revenues for the year ended March 31, 2023 and two customers accounted for approximately 18% of our revenues for the year ended March 31, 2022. Although we intend to expand our customer base, our revenue would likely decline if we lost any major customers or if one of these sizable customers were to significantly reduce its orders for any reason. Because our sales are made by means of standard purchase orders rather than long-term contracts, we cannot assure you that our customers will continue to purchase our products at current levels, or at all.

 

In addition, periods of sluggish economies and consumer uncertainty regarding future economic prospects in our key markets can have an adverse effect on the financial health of our customers, which may in turn have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

General inflation, including rising energy prices, and interest rates and wages could have negative impacts on our business by increasing our operating costs and our borrowing costs as well as decreasing the capital available for our customers to purchase our products. Recently, general inflation in the United States, Europe, and other geographies has risen to levels not experienced in recent decades. Additionally, inflation and price volatility may cause our customers to reduce use of our products would harm our business operations and financial position.

 

We extend credit to our customers for periods of varying duration based on an assessment of the customer’s financial condition, generally without requiring collateral, which increases our exposure to the risk of uncollectable receivables. In addition, we face increased risk of order reduction or cancellation when dealing with financially ailing retailers or retailers struggling with economic uncertainty. We may reduce our level of business with customers and distributors experiencing financial difficulties and may not be able to replace that business with other customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

Our gross margins depend upon our sales mix.

 

Our gross margin is higher when our sales mix is skewed toward our higher-margin proprietary product lines versus a lower contribution from mid-market ammunition that we also manufacture. If our actual sales mix results in a lower overall percentage from our proprietary lines, our gross margins will be reduced, which would negatively affect our results of operations.

 

We face intense competition that could result in our losing or failing to gain market share and suffering reduced sales.

 

We operate in intensely competitive markets that are characterized by price erosion and competition from major domestic and international companies. Competition in the markets in which we operate is based on a number of factors, including price, quality, product innovation, performance, reliability, styling, product features, and warranties, and sales and marketing programs. This intense competition could result in pricing pressures, lower sales, reduced margins, and lower market share.

 

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Our competitors may have greater market recognition, larger customer bases, long-term government contracts, and substantially greater financial, technical, marketing, distribution, and other resources than we do and that afford them competitive advantages. As a result, they may be able to devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of products, to invest more funds in intellectual property and product development, to negotiate lower prices for raw materials and components, to deliver competitive products at lower prices, and to introduce new products and respond to consumer requirements more quickly than we can.

 

Our competitors could introduce products with superior features at lower prices than our products and could also bundle existing or new products with other more established products to compete with us. Certain of our competitors may be willing to reduce prices and accept lower profit margins to compete with us. Our competitors could also gain market share by acquiring or forming strategic alliances with other competitors.

 

Finally, we may face additional sources of competition in the future because new distribution methods offered by the Internet and electronic commerce have removed many of the barriers to entry historically faced by start-up companies. Retailers also demand that suppliers reduce their prices on products, which could lead to lower margins. Any of the foregoing effects could cause our sales to decline, which would harm our financial position and results of operations.

 

Our ability to compete successfully depends on a number of factors, both within and outside our control. These factors include the following:

 

  our success in developing, producing, marketing, and successfully selling new products;

 

  our ability to address the needs of our consumer customers;

 

  the pricing, quality, performance, and reliability of our products;

 

  the quality of our customer service;

 

  the efficiency of our production; and

 

  product or technology introductions by our competitors.

 

Because we believe technological and functional distinctions among competing products in our markets are perceived by many end-user consumers to be relatively modest, effectiveness in marketing and manufacturing are particularly important competitive factors in our business.

 

Seasonality and weather conditions may cause our operating results to vary from quarter to quarter.

 

Because many of our products are used for seasonal outdoor sporting activities, our operating results may be significantly impacted by unseasonable weather conditions. Accordingly, our operating results could suffer when weather patterns do not conform to seasonal norms.

 

Shipments of ammunition for hunting are highest during the months of June through September to meet consumer demand for the fall hunting season and holidays. The seasonality of our sales may change in the future. Seasonal variations in our operating results may reduce our cash on hand, increase our inventory levels, and extend our accounts receivable collection periods. This in turn may cause us to increase our debt levels and interest expense to fund our working capital requirements.

 

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We manufacture and sell products that create exposure to potential product liability, warranty liability, or personal injury claims and litigation.

 

Our products are used in activities and situations that involve risk of personal injury and death. Our products expose us to potential product liability, warranty liability, and personal injury claims and litigation relating to the use or misuse of our products, including allegations of defects in manufacturing, defects in design, a failure to warn of dangers inherent in the product or activities associated with the product, negligence, and strict liability. If successful, any such claims could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. Defects in our products may result in a loss of sales, recall expenses, delay in market acceptance, and damage to our reputation and increased warranty costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. Although we maintain product liability insurance in amounts that we believe are reasonable, we may not be able to maintain such insurance on acceptable terms, if at all, in the future and product liability claims may exceed the amount of insurance coverage or may not be covered by our insurance policies. In addition, our reputation may be adversely affected by such claims, whether or not successful, including potential negative publicity about our products.

 

Our business is highly dependent upon our brand recognition and reputation, and the failure to maintain or enhance our brand recognition or reputation would likely have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our brand recognition and reputation are critical aspects of our business. We believe that maintaining and further enhancing our brands, particularly our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ brands, and our reputation are critical to retaining existing customers and attracting new customers. We also believe that the importance of our brand recognition and reputation will continue to increase as competition in our markets continues to develop.

 

We anticipate that our advertising, marketing, and promotional efforts will increase in the foreseeable future as we continue to seek to enhance our brands and consumer demand for our products. Historically, we have relied on print and electronic media advertising to increase consumer awareness of our brands to increase purchasing intent and conversation. We anticipate that we will increasingly rely on other forms of media advertising, including social media and e-marketing. Our future growth and profitability will depend in large part upon the effectiveness and efficiency of our advertising, promotion, public relations, and marketing programs. These brand promotion activities may not yield increased revenue and the efficacy of these activities will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to do the following:

 

  determine the appropriate creative message and media mix for advertising, marketing, and promotional expenditures;

 

  select the right markets, media, and specific media vehicles in which to advertise;

 

  identify the most effective and efficient level of spending in each market, media, and specific media vehicle; and

 

  effectively manage marketing costs, including creative and media expenses, to maintain acceptable customer acquisition costs.

 

In addition, certain of our current or future products may benefit from endorsements and support from particular sportsmen, athletes, or other celebrities, and those products and brands may become personally associated with those individuals. As a result, sales of the endorsed products could be materially and adversely affected if any of those individuals’ images, reputations, or popularity were to be negatively impacted.

 

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Increases in the pricing of one or more of our marketing and advertising channels could increase our marketing and advertising expenses or cause us to choose less expensive but possibly less effective marketing and advertising channels. If we implement new marketing and advertising strategies, we may incur significantly higher costs than our current channels, which in turn could adversely affect our operating results. Implementing new marketing and advertising strategies also could increase the risk of devoting significant capital and other resources to endeavors that do not prove to be cost effective. We also may incur marketing and advertising expenses significantly in advance of the time we anticipate recognizing revenue associated with such expenses and our marketing and advertising expenditures may not generate sufficient levels of brand awareness and conversation or result in increased revenue. Even if our marketing and advertising expenses result in increased sales, the increase might not offset our related expenditures. If we are unable to maintain our marketing and advertising channels on cost-effective terms or replace or supplement existing marketing and advertising channels with similarly or more effective channels, our marketing and advertising expenses could increase substantially, our customer base could be adversely affected, and our business, operating results, financial condition, and reputation could suffer.

 

A portion of our revenue is contingent on an exclusive license agreement with the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

 

A significant portion of our revenue is attributable to the sale of our STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION. The manufacturing of our Streak products relies, in part, on a patent that is held by ULL. We have an exclusive license to use the licensed technology, derivative and related technology worldwide. We may renew this license agreement for successive four-year periods provided we are in compliance with the agreement. If we breach the license agreement, the licensor may terminate the agreement and if we fail to renew the license, we may be unable to use the technology, which, in either case, could significantly harm our results of operations, financial position, and prospects.

 

Excess inventory can lead to write-downs, impacting our financial statements and overall company performance.

 

Excess inventory can become obsolete, damaged, or unsellable over time. If the market value of our excess inventory, primarily consisting of primers, falls below its book value (the historical cost recorded on the balance sheet), we would be required to write-down the value of that inventory. Such a write-down would reduce the inventory balance, reflecting the impairment while still accounting for the remaining sellable inventory. The impact of excess inventory on our financial statements would include the following:

 

  For the income statement, when an adjustment entry removes the excess inventory, it reduces the closing inventory and increases the cost of goods sold;
     
  For the balance sheet, it is directly impacted by write-downs lowering the recorded value of inventory; and
     
  For the statement of cash flows, excess inventory ties up cash and affects cash flow. Write-downs release some of that tied-up capital that adjusts our net income and impacting the company’s future cash flows.

 

Regulatory Risks

 

We are subject to extensive regulation and could incur fines, penalties and other costs and liabilities under such requirements.

 

Like many other manufacturers and distributors of consumer products, we are required to comply with a wide variety of laws, rules, and regulations, including those relating to labor, employment, the environment, the export and import of our products, and taxation. These laws, rules, and regulations currently impose significant compliance requirements on our business, and more restrictive laws, rules and regulations may be adopted in the future.

 

Our operations are subject to a variety of laws and regulations relating to environmental protection, including those governing the discharge, treatment, storage, transportation, remediation, and disposal of certain materials and wastes, and restoration of damages to the environment, and health and safety matters. We could incur substantial costs, including remediation costs, resource restoration costs, fines, penalties, and third-party property damage or personal injury claims as a result of liabilities under or violations of such laws and regulations or the permits required thereunder. While environmental laws and regulations have not had a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition, the ultimate cost of environmental liabilities is difficult to accurately predict and we could incur material additional costs as a result of requirements or obligations imposed or liabilities identified in the future.

 

As a manufacturer and distributor of consumer products, we are subject to the Consumer Products Safety Act, which empowers the Consumer Products Safety Commission to exclude from the market products that are found to be unsafe or hazardous. Under certain circumstances, the Consumer Products Safety Commission could require us to repurchase or recall one or more of our products. In addition, laws regulating certain consumer products exist in some cities and states, and in other countries in which we sell our products, and more restrictive laws and regulations may be adopted in the future. Any repurchase or recall of our products could be costly to us and could damage our reputation. If we were required to remove, or we voluntarily removed, our products from the market, our reputation could be tarnished, and we could have large quantities of finished products that we are unable to sell. We are also subject to the rules and regulations of the ATF. If we fail to comply with ATF rules and regulations, the ATF may limit our growth or business activities, levy fines against or revoke our license to do business. Our business, and the business of all producers and marketers of ammunition and firearms, is also subject to numerous federal, state, local, and foreign laws, regulations, and protocols.

 

Several states currently have laws in effect that are similar to, and, in certain cases, more restrictive than, these federal laws. Compliance with all of these regulations is costly and time-consuming. Any violation of any of these regulations could cause us to incur fines and penalties, may also lead to restrictions on our ability to manufacture and sell our products and services and to import or export the products we sell and may otherwise harm our business.

 

Changes in government policies and firearms legislation could adversely affect our financial results.

 

The sale, purchase, ownership, and use of firearms are subject to numerous and varied federal, state, and local governmental regulations. Federal laws governing firearms include the National Firearms Act, the Federal Firearms Act, the Arms Export Control Act, and the Gun Control Act of 1968. These laws generally govern the manufacture, import, export, sale, and possession of firearms and ammunition.

 

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Currently, the federal legislature and several state legislatures are considering additional legislation relating to the regulation of firearms and ammunition. These proposed bills are extremely varied. If enacted, such legislation could effectively ban or severely limit the sale of affected firearms and ammunition. In addition, if such restrictions are enacted and are incongruent, we could find it difficult, expensive, or even practically impossible to comply with them, which could impede new product development and the distribution of existing products. We cannot assure you that the regulation of our business activities will not become more restrictive in the future and that any such restriction will not have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Any adverse change to the interpretations of the Second Amendment (Right to Bear Arms) could impact our ability to conduct business by restricting the ownership and use of firearms in the United States.

 

Risks Related to our Common Stock

 

If we fail to comply with the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market for continued listing or other requirements, our shares may be delisted.

 

Our Common Stock is listed on the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “POWW.” If we fail to comply with Nasdaq’s rules for continued listing, including, without limitation, minimum market capitalization and other requirements, Nasdaq may take steps to delist our shares. Failure to maintain our Nasdaq listing would make it more difficult for shareholders to sell our Common Stock and more difficult to obtain accurate price quotations on our Common Stock. The delisting of our shares could have an adverse effect on the market price of our Common Stock. Our ability to issue additional securities for financing or other purposes, or otherwise to arrange for any financing we may need in the future, may also be materially and adversely affected if our Common Stock is not traded on a national securities exchange.

 

The exercise of warrants, and issuance of incentive stock grants may have a dilutive effect on our stock, and negatively impact the market price of our Common Stock.

 

As of June 10, 2024, we had outstanding warrants to purchase 1,664,555 shares of our Common Stock with a weighted average exercise price of $2.15. As of June 10, 2024, there were options to purchase 175,000 shares of Common Stock outstanding and 2,303,159 shares of Common Stock are reserved for future issuance under the Ammo, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan. We may in the future increase the number of shares available under the plan or adopt a new equity incentive plan pursuant to which we may issue additional shares of our common stock. We expect to be able to grant stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, bonus stocks, and performance awards under our existing equity incentive plan and any similar plans that we adopt in the future.

 

To the extent that any of the outstanding warrants and outstanding and future options are exercised, our current stockholders will experience dilution with respect to their current holdings of our Common Stock. For the life of such warrants and options, the holders will have the opportunity to profit from a rise in the price of the Common Stock with a resulting dilution in the interest of the other holders of Common Stock. Further, the existence of such warrants and options may adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

 

Our management has concluded that we have material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and that our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective. If we fail to develop or maintain an effective system of internal control, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent financial fraud. As a result, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting.

 

As a public company, we are required to comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Section 404”). Section 404 requires us to include management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of the fiscal year in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. This report must also include disclosure of any material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting that we have identified.

 

During the audit of our financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2024, our management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, as described in “Item 9 Controls and Procedures - Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.”

 

These material weaknesses, if not remediated, create an increased risk of misstatement of the Company’s financial results, which, if material, may require future restatement thereof. A failure to implement improved internal control over financial reporting, or difficulties encountered in their implementation or execution, could cause future delays in our reporting obligations, and could have a negative effect on us and the trading price of our Common Stock. If these weaknesses and inadequate disclosure controls and procedures continue, investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports and other disclosures.

 

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Effective internal control over financial reporting and related controls and procedures are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we could be subject to regulatory action or other litigation and our business and operating results could be harmed.

 

General Risk Factors

 

Our operating results may experience significant fluctuations.

 

Many factors can contribute to significant fluctuations in our results of operations. These factors include the following:

 

  the cyclicality of the markets we serve;

 

  the timing and size of new orders;

 

  the cancellation of existing orders;

 

  the volume of orders relative to our capacity;

 

  product introductions and market acceptance of new products or new generations of products;

 

  timing of expenses in anticipation of future orders;

 

  changes in product mix;

 

  availability of production capacity;

 

  changes in cost and availability of labor and raw materials;

 

  timely delivery of products to customers;

 

  pricing and availability of competitive products;

 

  new product introduction costs;

 

  changes in the amount or timing of operating expenses;

 

  introduction of new technologies into the markets we serve;

 

  pressures on reducing selling prices;
     
  excess inventory levels;

 

  our success in serving new markets;

 

  adverse publicity regarding the safety, performance, and use of our products;

 

  the institution and adverse outcome of any litigation;

 

  political, economic, or regulatory developments;

 

  changes in economic conditions; and

 

  natural and manmade disasters, including health emergencies such as the recent COVID-19 pandemic.

 

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As a result of these and other factors, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our results of operations may not be meaningful in the short term, and our performance in a particular period may not be indicative of our performance in any future period.

 

We may not be able to secure additional financing on favorable terms, or at all, to meet our future capital needs.

 

In the future, we may require additional capital to fund the planned expansion of our business and to respond to business opportunities, challenges, potential acquisitions, or unforeseen circumstances. We could encounter unforeseen difficulties that may deplete our capital resources rapidly, which could require us to seek additional financing in the near future. The timing and amount of any additional financing that is required to continue the expansion of our business and the marketing of our products will depend on our ability to improve our operating results and other factors. We may not be able to secure additional debt or equity financing on a timely basis or on favorable terms, or at all. Further, such financing, if obtained, could result in substantial dilution of the equity interests of existing stockholders. If we are unable to secure any necessary additional financing, we may need to delay expansion plans, conserve cash, and reduce operating expenses. There is no assurance that any additional financing will be sufficient, that the financing will be available on terms favorable to us or to existing stockholders and at such times as required, or that we will be able to obtain the additional financing required for the continued operation and growth of our business. Any debt financing obtained by us in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to our capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities. If we raise additional funds through further issuances of equity, convertible debt securities, or other securities convertible into equity, our existing stockholders could suffer significant dilution in their percentage ownership of our company, and any new equity securities we issue could have rights, preferences, and privileges senior to those of holders of our Common Stock. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us, when we require it, our ability to grow or support our business and to respond to business challenges could be significantly limited.

 

Our charter documents and Delaware law could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us and discourage a takeover.

 

Our certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and Delaware law contain certain provisions that may have the effect of deterring or discouraging, among other things, a non-negotiated tender or exchange offer for shares of Common Stock, a proxy contest for control of our company, the assumption of control of our company by a holder of a large block of Common Stock, and the removal of the management of our company. Such provisions also may have the effect of deterring or discouraging a transaction which might otherwise be beneficial to stockholders. Our certificate of incorporation also authorizes our Board of Directors, without stockholder approval, to issue one or more series of preferred stock, which could have voting and conversion rights that adversely affect or dilute the voting power of the holders of Common Stock. Delaware law also imposes conditions on certain business combination transactions with “interested stockholders.” Further, our Bylaws authorize our Board of Directors to fill vacancies on the Board, including as a result of newly created directorships. A majority of the remaining directors may elect a successor to fill any vacancies or newly created directorships. Such provisions could limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our Common Stock and impede the ability of the stockholders to replace management.

 

The elimination of monetary liability against our directors under Delaware law pursuant to our certificate of incorporation and the existence of indemnification rights to our directors and officers under Delaware law and our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, may result in substantial expenditures by us and may discourage lawsuits against our directors, officers, and employees. We also entered into contractual indemnification obligations under employment agreements with our executive officers. The foregoing indemnification obligations could result in our incurring substantial expenditures to cover the cost of settlement or damage awards against directors and officers, which we may be unable to recoup. These provisions and resultant costs may also discourage us from bringing a lawsuit against our directors and officers for breaches of their fiduciary duties and may similarly discourage the filing of derivative litigation by our stockholders against our directors and officers even though such actions, if successful, might otherwise benefit our company and our stockholders.

 

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Our certification of incorporation designates the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for actions or proceedings that may be initiated by our stockholders, which could discourage claims or limit stockholders’ ability to make a claim against the Company, our directors, officers, and employees.

 

Our certificate of incorporation states that unless the Corporation consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for any stockholder (including a beneficial) to bring (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (ii) an action asserting a claim of breach of fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, or other employee of the Company to the Company or the Company’s stockholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers, or employees arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law or our certificate of incorporation or bylaws, or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers, or employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine, except for, as to each of (i) through (iv) above, any claim as to which the Court of Chancery determines that there is an indispensable party not subject to the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery (and the indispensable party does not consent to the personal jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery within 10 days following such determination), which is vested in the exclusive jurisdiction of a court or forum other than the Court of Chancery, or for which the Court of Chancery does not have subject matter jurisdiction.

 

These exclusive forum provisions do not apply to claims under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act. The exclusive forum provision may discourage claims or limit stockholders’ ability to submit claims in a judicial forum that they find favorable and may create additional costs as a result. If a court were to determine the exclusive forum provision to be inapplicable and unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs in conjunction with our efforts to resolve the dispute in an alternative jurisdiction, which could have a negative impact on our results of operations.

 

Risks Related to our Series A Preferred Stock

 

The Series A Preferred Stock ranks junior to all of our indebtedness and other liabilities.

 

In the event of our bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of our affairs, holders of the Series A Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive any of our assets remaining only after all of our indebtedness and other liabilities have been paid. The rights of holders of the Series A Preferred Stock to participate in the distribution of our assets will rank junior to the prior claims of our current and future creditors and any future series or class of preferred stock we may issue that ranks senior to the Series A Preferred Stock. Also, the Series A Preferred Stock effectively ranks junior to all existing and future indebtedness and to the indebtedness and other liabilities of our existing subsidiaries and any future subsidiaries. Our existing subsidiaries are, and future subsidiaries would be, separate legal entities and have no legal obligation to pay any amounts to us in respect of dividends due on the Series A Preferred Stock. If we are forced to liquidate our assets to pay our creditors, we may not have sufficient assets to pay amounts due on any or all of the Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding. We have incurred and may in the future incur substantial amounts of debt and other obligations that will rank senior to the Series A Preferred Stock. At March 31, 2024, our total liabilities equaled approximately $43.3 million.

 

Certain of our existing or future debt instruments may restrict the authorization, payment or setting apart of dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock. Also, future offerings of debt or senior equity securities may adversely affect the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock. If we decide to issue debt or senior equity securities in the future, it is possible that these securities will be governed by an indenture or other instruments containing covenants restricting our operating flexibility. Additionally, any convertible or exchangeable securities that we issue in the future may have rights, preferences and privileges more favorable than those of the Series A Preferred Stock and may result in dilution to owners of the Series A Preferred Stock. We and, indirectly, our shareholders, will bear the cost of issuing and servicing such securities. Because our decision to issue debt or equity securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. The holders of the Series A Preferred Stock will bear the risk of our future offerings, which may reduce the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock and will dilute the value of their holdings in us.

 

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The trading market for the Series A preferred stock may not provide investors with adequate liquidity.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock is listed on Nasdaq under the symbol “POWWP.” We cannot assure you that holders of the Series A Preferred Stock will be able to sell their shares at favorable prices or at all. The difference between bid and ask prices in any secondary market for the Series A Preferred Stock could be substantial. Accordingly, no assurance can be given as to the liquidity of, or trading markets for, the Series A Preferred Stock, and holders of the Series A Preferred Stock may be required to bear the financial risks of an investment in the Series A Preferred Stock for an indefinite period of time.

 

We may issue additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock and additional series of preferred stock that rank on parity with the Series A Preferred Stock as to dividend rights, rights upon liquidation or voting rights.

 

We are allowed to issue additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock and additional series of preferred stock that would rank junior to the Series A Preferred Stock as to dividend payments and rights upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up of our affairs pursuant to our certificate of incorporation and the certificate of designations relating to the Series A Preferred Stock without any vote of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock. The issuance of additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock and additional series of preferred stock that have been authorized pursuant to our certificate of incorporation and the certificate of designations could have the effect of reducing the amounts available to the Series A Preferred Stock upon our liquidation or dissolution or the winding up of our affairs. It also may reduce dividend payments on the Series A Preferred Stock if we do not have sufficient funds to pay dividends on all Series A Preferred Stock outstanding and other classes or series of stock with greater or equal priority with respect to dividends.

 

Also, although holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to limited voting rights, with respect to the circumstances under which the holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote, the Series A Preferred Stock votes separately as a class along with all other series of our preferred stock that we may issue upon which like voting rights have been conferred and are exercisable. As a result, the voting rights of holders of Series A Preferred Stock may be significantly diluted, and the holders of such other series of preferred stock that we may issue may be able to control or significantly influence the outcome of any vote.

 

Future issuances and sales of senior or pari passu preferred stock, or the perception that such issuances and sales could occur, may cause prevailing market prices for the Series A Preferred Stock and our Common Stock to decline and may adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital in the financial markets at times and prices favorable to us.

 

Market interest rates may materially and adversely affect the value of the Series A Preferred Stock.

 

One of the factors that influences the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock is the dividend yield on the Series A Preferred Stock (as a percentage of the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock) relative to market interest rates. An increase in market interest rates may lead prospective purchasers of the Series A Preferred Stock to expect a higher dividend yield (and higher interest rates would likely increase our borrowing costs and potentially decrease funds available for dividend payments). Thus, higher market interest rates could cause the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock to materially decrease.

 

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We may not be able to pay dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock if we have insufficient cash to make dividend payments.

 

Our ability to pay cash dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock requires us to have either net profits or positive net assets (total assets less total liabilities) over our capital, to be able to pay our debts as they become due in the usual course of business. Further, even if we meet this criteria, we still may not have sufficient cash to pay dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock. Our ability to pay dividends may be impaired if any of the risks described in this report were to occur. Also, payment of our dividends depends upon our financial condition and other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant from time to time. We cannot assure you that our businesses will generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available to us in an amount sufficient to enable us to make distributions on our preferred stock, including the Series A Preferred Stock, to pay our indebtedness or to fund our other liquidity needs.

 

Dividends or other payments with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock may be subject to withholding taxes in circumstances where we are not obliged to make gross up payments, and this could result in holders receiving less than expected in such circumstances.

 

In the event of certain changes to current tax law that require tax to be withheld from dividends or other payments on the Series A Preferred Stock, we are not required to make gross up payments in respect of such taxes. This would result in holders of Series A Preferred Stock receiving less than expected and could materially adversely affect the return on your investment.

 

Our Series A Preferred Stock has not been rated.

 

We have not sought to obtain a rating for the Series A Preferred Stock. No assurance can be given, however, that one or more rating agencies might not independently determine to issue such a rating or that such a rating, if issued, would not adversely affect the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock. Also, we may elect in the future to obtain a rating for the Series A Preferred Stock, which could adversely affect the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock. Ratings only reflect the views of the rating agency or agencies issuing the ratings and such ratings could be revised downward, placed on a watch list, or withdrawn entirely at the discretion of the issuing rating agency if in its judgment circumstances so warrant. Any such downward revision, placing on a watch list or withdrawal of a rating could have an adverse effect on the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock.

 

We may redeem the Series A Preferred Stock.

 

On or after May 18, 2026, we may, at our option, redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time. Also, upon the occurrence of a Change of Control (as defined in the certificate of designations with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock), we may, at our option, redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, within 120 days after the first date on which such Change of Control occurred. We may have an incentive to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock voluntarily if market conditions allow us to issue other preferred stock or debt securities at a rate that is lower than the dividend on the Series A Preferred Stock. If we redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, then from and after the redemption date, dividends will cease to accrue on shares of Series A Preferred Stock, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will no longer be deemed outstanding and all rights as a holder of those shares will terminate, except the right to receive the redemption price plus accumulated and unpaid dividends, if any, payable upon redemption.

 

The market price of the Series A Preferred Stock could be substantially affected by various factors.

 

The market price of the Series A Preferred Stock depends on many factors, which may change from time to time, including:

 

  prevailing interest rates, increases in which may have an adverse effect on the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock;
     
  trading prices of similar securities;
     
  our history of timely dividend payments;
     
  the annual yield from dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock as compared to yields on other financial instruments;
     
  general economic and financial market conditions;

 

25
 

 

  government action or regulation;
     
  the financial condition, performance and prospects of us and our competitors;
     
  changes in financial estimates or recommendations by securities analysts with respect to us or our competitors in our industry;
     
  our issuance of additional preferred equity or debt securities; and
     
  actual or anticipated variations in quarterly operating results of us and our competitors.

 

As a result of these and other factors, holders of the Series A Preferred Stock may experience a decrease, which could be substantial and rapid, in the market price of the Series A Preferred Stock, including decreases unrelated to our operating performance or prospects.

 

A holder of Series A Preferred Stock has extremely limited voting rights.

 

The voting rights for a holder of Series A Preferred Stock are limited. Our shares of Common Stock are the only class of our securities that carry full voting rights. Voting rights for holders of the Series A Preferred Stock exist primarily with respect to the ability to elect, voting together with the holders of any other series of our preferred stock having similar voting rights, two additional directors to our board of directors, subject to certain limitations in the event that dividends payable on the Series A Preferred Stock are in arrears for four or more consecutive or non-consecutive quarterly dividend periods, and with respect to voting on amendments to our certificate of incorporation or certificate of designations relating to the Series A Preferred Stock that materially and adversely affect the rights of the holders of Series A Preferred Stock or authorize, increase or create additional classes or series of our capital stock that are senior to the Series A Preferred Stock. Other than the limited circumstances set forth in the certificate of designations for the Series A Preferred and except to the extent required by law, holders of Series A Preferred Stock do not have any voting rights.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock is not convertible, and investors will not realize a corresponding upside if the market price of the Common Stock increases.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock is not convertible into shares of Common Stock and earns dividends at a fixed rate. Accordingly, an increase in market price of our Common Stock will not necessarily result in an increase in the market price of our Series A Preferred Stock. The market value of the Series A Preferred Stock may depend more on dividend and interest rates for other preferred stock, commercial paper and other investment alternatives and our actual and perceived ability to pay dividends on, and in the event of dissolution satisfy the liquidation preference with respect to, the Series A Preferred Stock. 

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY

 

Risk management and strategy

 

As a publicly traded ammo manufacturer and e-commerce outdoor company, we are acutely aware of the importance of robust cybersecurity measures in safeguarding our information assets, operational integrity, and reputation. Our approach to cybersecurity risk management is integrated into our broader risk management framework and overseen by our Board of Directors.

 

We have established comprehensive processes to assess, identify, and manage material risks from cybersecurity threats. These processes include continuous evaluation of potential threats, regular security assessments of third-party service providers, and stringent monitoring procedures to mitigate risks related to data breaches and other security incidents. We periodically engage third-party consultants, legal advisors, and audit firms to evaluate and assess our risk management systems and to assist in the remediation of potential cybersecurity incidents, as necessary.

 

26
 

 

Our Information Security Program (“Program”) is designed to protect personal and proprietary information in compliance with federal and state requirements. The Program aims to:

 

  ensure the security and confidentiality of employee and customer personal information, as well as Company proprietary information;
     
  protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such information; and
     
  prevent unauthorized access to, use of, or transfer of such information, thereby protecting the Company, its employees, and customers from potential harm or inconvenience.

 

We use a variety of tools and services, including network monitoring, vulnerability assessments, and tabletop exercises, to enhance our cybersecurity posture. Our incident response plan is comprehensive, detailing procedures for preparing for, detecting, responding to, and recovering from cybersecurity incidents. This plan includes processes for triaging, assessing the severity of, escalating, containing, investigating, and remediating cybersecurity incidents, while ensuring compliance with relevant legal obligations.

 

In addition to internal measures, we manage cybersecurity risks associated with third-party suppliers, particularly those with access to our systems or confidential data. We perform due diligence on critical third-party suppliers and monitor identified cybersecurity threats. We require these suppliers to contractually agree to manage their cybersecurity risks according to our standards or to submit to cybersecurity audits conducted by our agents.

 

We regularly engage third-party experts to conduct information security testing, including penetration testing, on our systems and infrastructure. Our information security program undergoes periodic external assessments aligned with the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. This alignment helps us identify, assess, and manage cybersecurity risks relevant to our business.

 

Governance

 

Our Board of Directors oversee our cybersecurity risk management. Directors receive reports as requested from management, including senior IT leadership and third parties, on cybersecurity matters. Additionally, the Board of Directors is kept informed about cybersecurity risks as part of our overall enterprise risk management program and through regular business updates.

 

Senior IT leaders and compliance officer are responsible for developing and implementing appropriate cybersecurity programs and ensuring our compliance with applicable laws and regulations. These leaders, equipped with relevant degrees, certifications, and extensive work experience, are informed by their cybersecurity teams about ongoing efforts to prevent, detect, mitigate, and remediate cybersecurity incidents.

 

Information regarding cybersecurity risks is communicated through various channels, including direct discussions between key leaders and Company management, and reports to the Board of Directors and its committees. The Board of Directors regularly receives updates from our compliance officer and senior IT leadership on the status of our cybersecurity measures and any significant developments.

 

Our commitment to cybersecurity is a fundamental aspect of our operational strategy, ensuring the protection of our information assets, the continuity of our operations, and the trust of our stakeholders.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

Our executive offices are located in Scottsdale, Arizona (“AZ”) where we lease approximately 21,000 square feet under a month-to-month triple net lease for approximately $25,000 per month. This space houses our principal executive, administration, and marketing functions.

 

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We lease a 10,000 square foot facility located in Atlanta, Georgia (“GA”) for approximately $20,000 per month. This space houses our GunBroker offices and operations.

 

We lease a 36,000 square foot facility located in Manitowoc, WI for approximately $10,000 per month. We utilize this facility for manufacturing and packaging .

 

We own a 185,000 square foot facility in Manitowoc, WI. Since our second fiscal quarter in the year ended March 31, 2023, we have utilized this facility for ammunition and casing manufacturing, research and development, packing, and shipping activities. A portion of this facility was financed by our Construction Loan. The terms of the Construction Loan are documented in Note 12 of our consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On April 30, 2023, Steve Urvan, one of our directors, filed a lawsuit against the Company and certain individuals (including some of its officers and directors) in the Delaware Court of Chancery. Mr. Urvan’s complaint alleges that he was fraudulently induced to sell GunBroker.com to the Company. Mr. Urvan seeks partial rescission of the transaction, monetary damages and other relief. The Company and the individual defendants plan to vigorously defend the Company and themselves against Mr. Urvan.

 

In addition, we are involved in or subject to, or may become involved in or subject to, routine litigation, claims, disputes, proceedings and investigations in the ordinary course of business. While the outcome of lawsuits and other proceedings against us cannot be predicted with certainty, in the opinion of management, individually or in the aggregate, no such lawsuits are expected to have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. We record accruals for contingencies when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. 

 

Please reference the Contingencies section of Note 2 of our Financial Statements for additional disclosure.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our Common Stock has been listed on Nasdaq since December 1, 2020 and is trading on Nasdaq under the symbol “POWW”.

 

Holders of Common Equity

 

As of June 10, 2024, there were 119,181,067 shares of Common Stock outstanding and there were approximately 271 holders of record of the Common Stock.

 

Dividend Information

 

We have never declared or paid dividends on our Common Stock. Payment of future dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including the terms of any credit arrangements, our financial condition, operating results, current and anticipated cash needs and plans for expansion. At the present time, we intend to retain any earnings in our business, and therefore do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future. We paid preferred dividends on our Series A Preferred Stock in the amount of $3.0 million for the year ended March 31, 2024.

 

We currently have $0.1 million of unpaid accrued dividends on our Series A Preferred Stock as of the date of this filing. Accordingly, we may not be able to declare a dividend on our Common Stock unless full cumulative dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock have been or contemporaneously are declared and paid or declared.

 

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Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table sets forth information as of March 31, 2024 with respect to our compensation plans under which equity securities may be issued.

 

Plan Category 

Number of Securities

to be Issued

upon Exercise

of

Outstanding

Options,

Warrants

and Rights

  

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price of

Outstanding
Options,

Warrants

and Rights

  

Number of

Securities

Remaining

Available for

Future Issuance

under Equity

Compensation

Plans

(Excluding

Securities

Reflected in

Column (a))

 
   (a)   (b)   (c) 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders:                              
2017 Equity Incentive Plan   -    -    2,303,159 
                
Total   -    -    2,303,159 

 

Transfer Agent

 

We have appointed Securities Transfer Corporation (“STC”) as the transfer agent for our Common Stock and Series A Preferred Stock. The principal office of STC is located at 2901 N. Dallas Parkway, Suite 380, Plano, Texas 75093, and its telephone number is (469) 633-0101.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Issuers Repurchase of Equity Securities  

 

On February 8, 2022, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to $30 million of our outstanding common stock. On March 28, 2023, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized the extension of our repurchase program until February 2024. On February 8, 2024, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized the extension of our repurchase program until February 2025.

 

There we no share repurchases under our repurchase program during the fourth fiscal quarter of the 2024 fiscal year.

 

As of June 10, 2024, approximately 1.4 million shares have been repurchased in total. The current plan is in effect until February 2025 and the remaining funds available to the Company pursuant to the repurchase plan is approximately $27.4 million. 

 

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Performance Graph

 

The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return of our common stock (Nasdaq: POWW) in comparison to the cumulative total return of the Nasdaq Capital Market Composite (“Nasdaq CMC”) and the Russell 2000 Index (“Russell 2000”) for the period from March 31, 2019 through March 31, 2024. The graph assumes an investment of $100 in our common stock and in each of the indexes on March 31, 2019. The calculation of cumulative stockholder return on the Nasdaq CMC and Russell 2000 include reinvestment of dividends, but the calculation of cumulative stockholder return on our common stock does not include reinvestment of dividends because we did not pay any dividends during the measurement period. The performance shown is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

 

 

ITEM 6. RESERVED

 

Not required.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

This document contains certain “forward-looking statements”. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of federal and state securities laws, including, but not limited to, any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies, goals and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new products and services or developments thereof; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements or belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

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Forward looking statements may include the words “may,” “could,” “estimate,” “intend,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect,” or “anticipate,” or other similar words, or the negative thereof. These forward-looking statements present our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made. We do not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the dates they are made. You should, however, consult further disclosures and risk factors we included in the section titled Risk Factors contained herein.

 

Overview

 

AMMO, Inc., owner of the GunBroker Marketplace, the largest online marketplace serving the firearms and shooting sports industries, and a vertically integrated producer of high-performance ammunition and premium components began its operations in 2017.

 

Through our GunBroker Marketplace segment (acquired in April 2021), we allow third party sellers to list items consisting of firearms, hunting gear, fishing equipment, outdoor gear, collectibles, and much more on our site, while facilitating compliance with federal and state laws that govern the sale of firearms and restricted items. This allows our base of over 8.1 million users to follow ownership policies and regulations through our network of over 31,000 federally licensed firearms dealers as transfer agents. The nature and operation of the Marketplace as an online auction and sales platform also affords our Company a unique view into the total domestic market for the purpose of understanding sales trends at a granular level across all elements of the outdoor sports and shooting space. Our vision is to expand the services on GunBroker and to become a peer to those in our industry. Recent expansions we have made to the platform are;

 

● Payment Processing – facilitating payment between parties allowing sellers to offer fast and secure electronic payments and allowing buyers to experience the ease of instant checkout.

 

● Carting Ability – enables our buyers to checkout multiple items from multiple sellers in a single transaction. Our buyers are able to finalize one transaction including both regulated and nonregulated items, while also affording them the ability to ship their purchases to more than one location.

 

● GunBroker Analytics – through the compilation and refinement of vast Marketplace data, we offer e-commerce market analytics to our industry peers allowing them to better manage business strategy and planning. The analytics offering will be rebranded to Outdoor Analytics during fiscal year 2025 to expand service offerings.

 

● GunBroker Advertising – content creation for manufactures, email campaigns and banner ads are all part of our advertising offerings to the outdoor industry.

 

Through our Ammunition segment, we are tailoring our focus of our manufacturing operations to the production of premium pistol and rifle ammunition and supporting industry partners with manufactured components such as premium pistol and rifle brass casings. We will continue to leverage our flagship brands that are proprietary in nature like STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™ , /stelTH/™, Signature-on-Target, and HUNT and extend our product offering with premium rifle lines and brands that complement our technologically innovative heritage. We also continue to ensure dynamic performance under the exacting standards of the U.S. military complex in support of our cutting-edge developmental ammunition programs as we seek out and effectively execute upon new governmental-based opportunities.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following discussion is intended to provide our financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of management on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and certain other factors that may affect our future results. The following information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report beginning on page F-1.

 

Fiscal Year 2024 Compared to Fiscal Year 2023

 

Our financial results for the year ended March 31, 2024 reflect our transition into our new operational strategic position, focusing on higher brass casing production and sales. We believe that we have hired a strong team of professionals and developed innovative products to establish our presence as a high-quality ammunition provider and marketplace. We continue to focus on building profitability through our rifle brass manufacturing. We experienced a 24.2% decrease in our Net Revenues for the year ended March 31, 2024 compared with the year ended March 31, 2023. This was the result of decreased revenue in both of our reporting segments due to changes in market demand as discussed below, and specifically for our ammunition division, changes in pricing, sales mix. We believe that the shift in our operational strategy focusing on higher brass casing production and sales negatively impacted our sales in the year ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the year ended March 31, 2023. Additionally, equipment malfunction related to rifle production in our manufacturing facility in Manitowoc caused lower production output contributing to lower sales results. Our focus on creating profitability is in contrast to revenue growth.

 

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The following table presents summarized financial information for the years ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, taken from our consolidated statements of operations:

 

   For the Year Ended 
   March 31, 2024   March 31, 2023 
         
Net Revenues  $145,054,572   $191,439,801 
Cost of Revenues   102,431,803    136,031,204 
Gross Margin   42,622,769    55,408,597 
Sales, general & administrative expenses   61,199,966    58,667,516 
Income (loss) from Operations   (18,577,197)   (3,258,919)
Other income (expense)          
Other income (expense)   (779,066)   (606,881)
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes  $(19,356,263)  $(3,865,800)
Provision for income taxes   (3,791,063)   730,238 
Net Income (Loss)  $(15,565,200)  $(4,596,038)

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We analyze operational and financial data to evaluate our business, allocate our resources, and assess our performance. In addition to total net sales, net loss, and other results under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”), the following information includes key operating metrics and non-GAAP financial measures that we use to evaluate our business. We believe that these measures are useful for period-to-period comparisons of the Company. We have included these non-GAAP financial measures in this Annual Report on Form 10-K because they are key measures we use to evaluate our operational performance, produce future strategies for our operations, and make strategic decisions, including those relating to operating expenses and the allocation of our resources. Accordingly, we believe that these measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management and Board of Directors.

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

   For the   For the 
   Year Ended   Year Ended 
   March 31, 2024   March 31, 2023 
         
Reconciliation of GAAP net income to Adjusted EBITDA          
Net Loss  $(15,565,200)  $(4,596,038)
Provision for income taxes   (3,791,063)   730,238 
Depreciation and amortization   18,813,897    17,519,949 
Interest expense, net   446,473    632,062 
Employee stock awards   4,082,108    5,807,779 
Stock grants   203,000    179,094 
Common stock purchase options   430,457    - 
Warrants issued for services   -    213,819 
Other income (expense), net   332,593    (25,181)
Contingent consideration fair value   (80,540)   (63,764)
Other nonrecurring expenses(1)   10,498,990    1,248,865 
Proxy contest fees(2)   -    4,724,385 
Adjusted EBITDA  $15,370,715   $26,371,208 

 

(1)

(2)

 

Other nonrecurring expenses consist of professional and legal fees that are nonrecurring in nature.

Includes proxy contest fees of $910,000 for Employee Stock Awards issued as a result of the Settlement Agreement as discussed in Note 17 of our financial statements.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measures that displays our net loss, adjusted to eliminate the effect of certain items as described below.

 

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We have excluded the following non-cash expenses from our non-GAAP financial measures: provision or benefit for income taxes; depreciation and amortization; share-based or warrant-based compensation expenses; and changes to the contingent consideration fair value. We believe that it is useful to exclude these non-cash expenses because the amount of such expenses in any specific period may not directly correlate to the underlying performance of our business operations.

 

Adjusted EBITDA as a non-GAAP financial measure also excludes other cash interest income and expense, and non-recurring expenses incurred as a result of a proxy contest as these items are not components of our core operations.

 

Non-GAAP financial measures have limitations, should be considered as supplemental in nature and are not meant as a substitute for the related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. These limitations include the following:

 

  Employee stock awards, stock grants, and common stock purchase options expense has been, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future, a significant recurring expense in the Company and an important part of our compensation strategy;
  the assets being depreciated or amortized may have to be replaced in the future, and the non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect cash capital expenditure requirements for such replacements or for new capital expenditures or other capital commitments;
  non-GAAP measures do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs; and
  other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate their non-GAAP financial measures differently or not at all, which reduces their usefulness as comparative measures.

 

Because of these limitations, you should consider the non-GAAP financial measures alongside other financial performance measures, including our net loss and our other financial results presented in accordance with GAAP.

 

Net Revenues

 

The following table shows our revenues by the various categories that comprise our total revenues for the years ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023. “Proprietary ammunition” include those lines of ammunition that we manufacture at our facilities and sell under the brand names “STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™” and “/stelTH/™”. We define “standard ammunition” as non-proprietary ammunition that directly competes with other brand manufacturers. Our “standard ammunition” includes ammunition that we manufacture at our facilities as well as any completed ammunition that we acquire in the open market for sale to others. Also included in this category is low cost target pistol and rifle ammunition as well as bulk packaged ammunition that we manufacture using reprocessed brass casings. Ammunition within the standard ammunition product line typically carries much lower gross margins than our proprietary ammunition.

 

   For the Year Ended 
   March 31, 2024   March 31, 2023 
Proprietary Ammunition  $6,265,500   $10,779,035 
Standard Ammunition   63,125,301    103,337,009 
Ammunition Casings   21,721,695    14,174,084 
Marketplace Revenue   53,942,076    63,149,673 
Total Net Revenues  $145,054,572   $191,439,801 

 

Net Revenues for the year ended March 31, 2024 decreased by $46.4 million, or 24.2%, from the prior year due to changes in market conditions. This was due to the result of a decrease of $40.2 million in sales of bulk pistol and rifle ammunition, $4.5 million in sales of Proprietary Ammunition, and $9.2 million in sales generated from our GunBroker Marketplace, which primarily consists of auction revenue, as well as payment processing revenue, and shipping income, partially offset by an increase of $7.5 million in our casing sales. We believe that the shift in our operational strategy focusing on higher brass casing production and sales negatively impacted our sales in the year ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the year ended March 31, 2023. Additionally, equipment malfunction related to rifle production in our manufacturing facility in Manitowoc caused lower production output contributing to lower sales results. Management anticipates an increase in ammunition casings sales as capacities come online in its new Manitowoc facility.

 

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With our new Manitowoc facility coming online we will continue to expand distribution into commercial markets, introduce new product lines, and continue to initiate sales to U.S. law enforcement, military, and international markets.

 

For example, through our acquisition of SWK, the Company has developed and deployed a line of tactical armor piercing (“AP”) and hard armor piercing incendiary (“HAPI”) precision ammunition to meet the lethality requirements of both the U.S. and foreign military customers. We continue to demonstrate our AP and HAPI ammunition to military personnel at scheduled and invite only events, resulting in increased interest and procurement discussions. The Company has since developed the ballistic match (“BMMPR”) and Signature-on-Target rounds under contract with the U.S. Government in support of U.S. special operations which have been publicly announced pursuant to governmental authorization. Additional work continues in support of the military operations of the U.S. and its ally military components which is not currently subject to disclosure.

 

It is important to note that, although U.S. law enforcement, military and international markets represent significant opportunities for our Company, they also have a long sales cycle. The Company’s sales team has been effective in establishing sales and distribution channels, both in the United States and abroad, that we anticipated will drive sustained sales opportunity in the military, law enforcement, and commercial markets.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of Revenues decreased by approximately $33.6 million from $136.0 million to $102.4 million for the year ended March 31, 2024 compared to the comparable period ended in 2023. This was the result of a significant decrease in net sales as well increases to non-cash depreciation related to increases in production equipment, expensing of increased labor, and overhead used to produce finished product during 2024 as compared to 2023. Cost of Revenues for our ammunition segment consists of product cost and cost directly and indirectly associated with getting those products to a sellable state and for our marketplace segment, consists of cost associated with facilitating transactions on the platform.

 

Gross Margin

 

Our gross margin percentage, which measures our gross profit as a percentage of sales increased to 29.4% during the year ended March 31, 2024 from 28.9% for the year ended March 31, 2023. This was primarily a result of our marketplace, GunBroker which, by nature has significantly higher margins than our manufactured products, offset by increases in labor costs and overhead in our ammunition segment.

 

We believe that as we grow ammunition segment sales through new markets and expanded distribution that our gross margins will continue to increase. Our goal in the next 12 to 24 months is to continue to improve our gross margins. This will be accomplished through the following:

 

  Capacity improvements at the Plant and expansion of our rifle casing and loading lines;
     
 

Increased product sales, specifically of proprietary and flagship lines of ammunition, like the STREAK VISUAL AMMUNITION™, /stelTH/™, Signature-on-Target, and HUNT all of which carry higher margins as a percentage of their selling price;

     
  Introduction of new lines of ammunition that carry higher margins in the consumer and government sectors;
     
  Reduced component costs through insourced operations of our ammunition segment and expansion of strategic relationships with component providers resulting in cost savings;
     
  Expanded use of automation equipment that reduces the total labor required to assemble finished products;
     
  Vertical integration into tooling manufacturing and annealing of rifle cases that have previously been outsourced;
     
  Better leverage of our fixed costs through expanded production to support the sales objectives
     
  With the addition of the multi-item cart, the payment processing, we’ve adjusted our category fees for nonregulated items that will enable us to increase our take rate across the platform as we enable cross selling;
     
 

And, we are growing our advertising sales, financing partnerships, and bringing shipping options to our community.

 

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Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses consists of selling and marketing expenses, corporate general & administrative, and employee salaries and related expenses. Operating expenses increased by approximately $2.5 million for the year ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year, and increased as a percentage of sales to 42.2% in the 2024 fiscal year from 30.6% for the year ended March 31, 2023. This increase was primarily due to a $4.9 million, or 18.4%, increase in corporate general and administrative expenses, offset by a $3.4 million, or 71.0%, decrease in selling and marketing expenses, during the year ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year.

 

Selling and marketing expenses consists of commissions related to our sales, as well as advertising and marketing expenses. During the year ended March 31, 2024, our selling and marketing expenses decreased primarily as a result of decreases in sales commission due to the decrease in the amount of sales of our products and services compared to the year ended March 31, 2023.

 

The increase in our corporate general and administrative expenses was due primarily to an increase of $9.2 million of nonrecurring expenses, consisting of professional and legal fees that are nonrecurring in nature, offset by the lack of expenses relating to a proxy contest in connection with our annual meeting of stockholders held on January 5, 2023, in connection with which we incurred $4.7 million in expenses.

 

In addition, employee salaries and related expenses increased approximately $1.0 million for the year ended March 31, 2024 compared to the year ended March 31, 2023. Such increase was primarily the result of $0.8 million of additional payroll expenses that we incurred as a result of the implementation of an employee bonus program during the 2024 fiscal year.

 

Other Income and Expenses

 

Total other expense for the year ended March 31, 2024, increased by $0.4 million compared to the year ended March 31, 2023. This was primarily the result of $0.2 million in losses recorded on the disposal of assets.

 

The decrease in interest expense was mainly due to additional interest of approximately $0.2 million during the year ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year on our Construction Note Payable, offset by approximately $0.3 million of interest income.

 

Income Taxes

 

For the year ended March 31, 2024, we recorded a benefit for federal and state income taxes of approximately $3.8 million in comparison to a $0.7 million provision for federal and state income taxes in the year ended March 31, 2023, as a result of the increase in our net loss before taxes during fiscal 2024 compared to the prior year.

 

Net Loss

 

We ended the year ended March 31, 2024 with a net loss of approximately $15.6 million compared with a Net Loss of approximately $4.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2023.

 

Our goal is to continue to improve our operating results as we focus on increasing sales and reducing our operating expenses.

 

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Fiscal Year 2023 Compared to Fiscal Year 2022

 

Results of Operations

 

Our financial results for the year ended March 31, 2023 reflect our newly positioned organization as we transition into our new manufacturing facility. We believe that we have hired a strong team of professionals, developed innovative products, and continue to raise capital sufficient to establish our presence as a high-quality ammunition provider and marketplace. We continue to focus on growing our top line revenue and streamlining our operations. We continue to focus on growing our top line revenue, and streamlining our operations. We experienced a 20.3% decrease in our Net Revenues for the year ended March 31, 2023 compared with the year ended March 31, 2022. This was the result of decreased ammunition sales due to changes in market demand.

 

The following table presents summarized financial information for the years ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, taken from our consolidated statements of operations:

 

   For the Year Ended 
   March 31, 2023   March 31, 2022 
         
Net Revenues  $191,439,801   $240,269,166 
Cost of Revenues   136,031,204    151,505,657 
Gross Margin   55,408,597    88,763,509 
Sales, general & administrative expenses   58,667,516    51,614,147 
Income (loss) from Operations   (3,258,919)   37,149,362 
Other income (expense)          
Other income (expense)   (606,881)   (615,957)
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes  $(3,865,800)  $36,533,405 
Provision for income taxes   730,238    3,285,969 
Net Income (Loss)  $(4,596,038)  $33,247,436 

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

   For the   For the 
   Year Ended   Year Ended 
   March 31, 2023   March 31, 2022 
         
Reconciliation of GAAP net income to Adjusted EBITDA          
Net Income (Loss)  $(4,596,038)  $33,247,436 
Provision for income taxes   730,238    3,285,969 
Depreciation and amortization   17,519,949    17,339,093 
Interest expense, net   632,062    637,797 
Employee stock awards   5,807,779    5,759,000 
Stock grants   179,094    252,488 
Stock for services   -    4,200 
Warrants issued for services   213,819    718,045 
Contingent consideration fair value   (63,764)   (385,750)
Other income   (25,181)   (21,840)
Proxy contest fees(1)   4,724,385    - 
Other nonrecurring expenses(2)   1,248,865    - 
Adjusted EBITDA  $26,371,208   $60,836,438 

 

(1) Includes proxy contest fees of $910,000 for Employee Stock Awards issued as a result of the Settlement Agreement as discussed in Note 17 of our consolidated financial statements.
(2) Other nonrecurring expenses consist of professional and legal fees that are nonrecurring in nature.

 

In addition to the adjustments described above, we have modified our adjusted EBITDA calculation in our 2023 fiscal year to remove the adjustment for excise taxes as we believe this is a better representation of our operations. In prior periods, we included an adjustment for excise taxes, but will not include this adjustment in future periods.

 

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Net Revenues

 

The following table shows our revenues by the various categories that comprise our total net revenues for the years ended March 31, 2023 and March 31, 2022.

 

   For the Year Ended 
   March 31, 2023   March 31, 2022 
Proprietary Ammunition  $10,779,035   $10,071,659 
Standard Ammunition   103,337,009    151,387,366 
Ammunition Casings   14,174,084    14,201,625 
Marketplace Revenue   63,149,673    64,608,516 
Total Net Revenues  $191,439,801   $240,269,166 

 

Revenues for the year ended March 31, 2023 decreased by $48.8 million, or 20.3%, from the prior year almost entirely as the result of a $48.1 million decrease in sales of bulk pistol and rifle ammunition. Sales of bulk pistol and rifle ammunition decreased year-over-year due to changes in market conditions.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues decreased by $15.5 million, or 10.2%, for the year ended March 31, 2023 compared to the year ended March 31, 2022. This was the result of the decrease in sales of our products, as discussed in “Revenues” above, as well increases to non-cash depreciation related to increases in production equipment, expensing of increased labor, overhead, and raw materials used to produce finished product during 2023 as compared to 2022.

 

Gross Margin

 

Our gross margin percentage decreased to 28.9% during the year ended March 31, 2023 from 36.9% during the year ended March 31, 2022. This was primarily a result of increases in the costs of materials, labor, and overhead in our ammunition segment, which was offset by our online marketplace, GunBroker.com which, by nature has significantly higher margins than our manufactured products.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses increased by $7.1 million for the year ended March 31, 2023 compared to the prior year, and increased as a percentage of sales to 30.6% from 21.5% for the year ended March 31, 2022. This increase was primarily due to increases of $8.0 million, or 47.1%, in corporate general and administrative expenses and $2.1 million, or 15.2%, in employee salaries and related expenses, offset by a $2.6 million, or 35.3%, decrease in selling and marketing expenses, during the year ended March 31, 2023 compared to the prior year.

 

For the year ended March 31, 2023, we incurred additional expenses in the amounts of $5.6 million related to a proxy contest, of which $0.9 million was included non-cash stock compensation, and $1.2 million of nonrecurring expenses.

 

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Selling and marketing expenses decreased during the year ended Marh 31, 2023, compared to the prior year, primarily as a result of the decreases in sales commission due to the year-over-year decrease in the amount of sales of our products.

 

Corporate general and administrative expenses increased year-over-year due to $6.6 million of legal and professional fees and expenses incurred during 2023, largely related to the proxy contest, as discussed above, and $1.2 million of nonrecurring expenses, which consist of professional and legal fees that are nonrecurring in nature, for which there were no comparable expenses during the year ended March 31, 2022.

 

Employee salaries and related expenses increased $2.1 million for the year ended March 31, 2023 compared to the year ended March 31, 2022, primarily as a result of $2.1 million of additional payroll expenses incurred as a result of payments due upon termination without cause as a result of the Proxy Settlement Agreement (as discussed in Note 17 – Related Party Transactions of our consolidated financial statements) and the addition of employees in our Marketplace segment.

 

Other Income and Expense

 

For the year ended March 31, 2023, other income and interest expense remained constant compared with year ended March 31, 2022. The change to interest expense from the prior periods was mainly due to increases related to our Construction Note Payable of approximately $0.3 million and decreases in activity related to our Factoring Liability and our Inventory Credit Facility of approximately $0.3 million.

 

Income Taxes

 

For the year ended March 31, 2023, we recorded a provision for federal and state income taxes of approximately $0.7 million in comparison to $3.3 million in the year ended March 31, 2022, as a result of the decrease in net income(loss) before taxes.

 

Net Income

 

We ended the year ended March 31, 2023 with a net loss of approximately $4.6 million compared with a Net Income of approximately $33.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2022.

 

Our goal is to continue to improve our operating results as we focus on increasing sales and reducing our operating expenses.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2024, we had $55,586,441 of cash and cash equivalents, an increase of $16,452,414 from March 31, 2023.

 

Working capital is summarized and compared as follows:

 

   March 31, 2024   March 31, 2023 
Current assets  $131,525,266   $128,451,893 
Current liabilities   30,940,272    25,463,399 
   $100,584,994   $102,988,494 

 

Liquidity

 

We expect existing working capital, cash flow from operations, bank borrowings, and sales of equity and debt securities are expected to be adequate to fund our operations over the next year. Generally, we have financed operations to date through the proceeds of stock sales, bank financings, and related-party notes. These sources have been adequate to fund our recurring cash expenditures including but not limited to our working capital requirements, capital expenditures to expand our operations, debt repayments, and acquisitions. We intend to continue to use the aforementioned sources of funding for capital expenditures, debt repayments, share repurchases, and any potential acquisitions.

 

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Leases

 

We lease three locations that are used for our offices, production, and warehousing. As of March 31, 2024, we had $2.6 million of fixed lease payment obligations with $0.7 million payable within the next 12 months. Please refer to Note 10 – Leases for additional information.

 

Construction Note Payable

 

We financed a portion of our new production facility with our Construction Note Payable. We expect to make $0.8 million in principal and interest payments within the next 12 months. The principal balance of the Construction Note will mature on October 14, 2026.

 

Revolving Loan

 

We have obtained a Revolving Loan with Sunflower Bank, National Association (“N.A.”) for up to $20,000,000 in December of 2023. The proceeds may be used for working capital, general corporate purposes, Permitted Acquisitions, to pay fees and expenses incurred in connection with the Revolving Line, to facilitate our stock repurchase program and to fund our general business requirements. We have not made use of the Revolving Loan as of the date of this filing.

 

Changes in cash flows are summarized as follows:

 

Operating Activities

 

For the year ended March 31, 2024, net cash provided by operations totaled $32.6 million. This was primarily the result of our net loss of $15.6 million, offset by decreases to our period end inventories of $8.8 million, deposits of $6.7 million, prepaid expenses of $4.0 million, accounts receivable of $0.4 million, increases in accounts payable of $5.1 million and increases in accrued liabilities of $2.5 million. The cash provided by operations included the benefit of non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $18.8 million, employee stock compensation of $4.1 million, $0.4 million of allowance for credit losses, common stock purchase options of $0.4 million, and stock grants totaling $0.2 million, which was offset by $3.8 million of deferred income taxes.

 

For the year ended March 31, 2023, net cash provided by operations totaled $35.6 million. This was primarily the result of our net loss of $4.6 million, decreases to our period end accounts receivable of $14.4 million, inventories of $4.7 million, deposits of $4.3 million, and  prepaid expenses of $2.8 million offset by increases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $8.7 million and $2.8 million, respectively. The cash used in operations was partially offset by the benefit of non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of approximately $17.5 million, employee stock compensation of $5.8 million, $1.6 million of deferred income taxes, stock grants totaling $0.2 million, $0.2 million of allowance for credit losses, and $0.2 million of warrants issued for services.

 

Investing Activities

 

During the year ended March 31, 2024, we used $8.0 million in net cash for investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities consisted of $8.0 million related to purchases of production equipment, and capitalized development costs related to our marketplace, GunBroker.

 

During the year ended March 31, 2023, we used approximately $12.5 million in net cash for investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities consisted of approximately $12.5 million related to purchases of production equipment, the construction of our new manufacturing facility in Manitowoc, WI, and capitalized development costs related to our marketplace, GunBroker.

 

Financing Activities

 

During the year ended March 31, 2024, net cash used in financing activities was $8.7 million, consisting of $3.2 million of insurance premium note payments, $3.0 million of preferred stock dividends paid, $2.2 million used to repurchase shares of Common Stock pursuant to our repurchase plan, and $0.2 million in payments of our related party note payable. These items were offset by $0.1 million of proceeds from warrants exercised for common stock. Additionally, $37.3 million was generated from accounts receivable factoring, which was offset by payments of $37.3 million.

 

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During the year ended March 31, 2023, net cash used in financing activities was $6.7 million, consisting of $3.0 million of preferred stock dividends paid, $2.1 million of insurance premium note payments, an $0.8 million reduction in our Inventory Credit Facility, and  $0.7 million in payments of our related party note payable. These items were offset by $1.0 million generated from our construction note payable and $0.1 million of proceeds from warrants exercised for common stock. Additionally, approximately $71.3 million was generated from accounts receivable factoring, which was offset by payments of approximately $72.3 million.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of March 31, 2024, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, net sales, expenses, results of operations, liquidity capital expenditures, or capital resources.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operation are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, however actual results may differ from these estimates. We have identified several accounting principles that we believe are key to the understanding of our financial statements. These important accounting policies and estimates require our most difficult subjective judgements.

 

We believe that certain assumptions and estimates associated with the valuation of allowances for credit losses, valuation of deferred tax assets, inventories, useful lives of assets, goodwill, intangible assets, stock-based compensation, and warrant-based compensation are material in nature due to the subjectivity associated with them and have the greatest potential impact on our consolidated financial statements. Therefore, we consider the assumptions and estimates associated with these (as further detailed below) to be our critical accounting estimates. Please refer to Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of our consolidated financial statements for more information on our critical accounting estimates and policies.

 

Goodwill

 

We evaluate goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently when an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount. In testing for goodwill impairment, we may elect to utilize a qualitative assessment to evaluate whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If our qualitative assessment indicates that goodwill impairment is more likely than not, we perform a two-step impairment test. We test goodwill for impairment under the two-step impairment test by first comparing the book value of net assets to the fair value of the reporting unit. If the fair value is determined to be less than the book value or qualitative factors indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired, a second step is performed to compute the amount of impairment as the difference between the estimated fair value of goodwill and the carrying value. We estimate the fair value of the reporting units using discounted cash flows. Forecasts of future cash flows are based on our best estimate of future net sales and operating expenses, based primarily on expected category expansion, pricing, market segment share, and general economic conditions. Due to the declines in the value of our stock price and market capitalization, we assessed qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of the Marketplace segment is less than its carrying amount. Through our analysis we determined our stock price and market capitalization decline it is not indicative of a decrease in the fair value of our Marketplace segment and a fair value calculation using the discounted cash flows was more appropriate due to the operational performance of the reporting segment. Accordingly, the impairment of Goodwill was not warranted for the year ended March 31, 2024. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has a goodwill carrying value of $90,870,094 , all of which is assigned to the Marketplace segment. However, due to declines in the value of the Company’s common stock and market capitalization in previous years which have since stabilized, it is possible that the book values of our Marketplace segment could exceed its fair value, which may result in the recognition of a material, noncash impairment of goodwill for the year ending March 31, 2025.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the balance sheet and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made in preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements include the valuation of allowances for credit losses, valuation of deferred tax assets, inventories, useful lives of assets, goodwill, intangible assets, stock-based compensation, and warrant-based compensation.

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses

 

Our accounts receivable represents amounts due from customers for products sold and include an allowance for credit losses which is estimated based on the aging of the accounts receivable and specific identification of uncollectible accounts. At March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023, we reserved $3,666,078 and $3,246,551, respectively, of allowance for credit losses.

 

Inventory

 

We state inventories at the lower of cost or net realizable value. We determine cost by using the weighted-average cost of raw materials method, which approximates the first-in, first-out method and includes allocations of manufacturing labor and overhead. We make provisions when necessary, to reduce excess, potential damaged or obsolete inventories. These provisions are based on our best estimates. At March 31, 2024, and March 31, 2023, we conducted a full analysis of inventory on hand and expensed all inventory not currently in use, or for which there was no future demand.

 

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Research and Development

 

To date, we have expensed all costs associated with developing our product specifications, manufacturing procedures, and products through our cost of products sold, as this work was done by the same employees who produced the finished product. We anticipate that it may become necessary to reclassify research and development costs into our operating expenditures for reporting purposes as we begin to develop new technologies and lines of ammunition.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We generate revenue from the production and sale of ammunition, ammunition casings, and marketplace fee revenue, which includes auction revenue, payment processing revenue, and shipping income. We recognize revenue according to Accounting Standard Codification – Revenue from Contract with Customers (“ASC 606”). When the customer obtains control over the promised goods or services, we record revenue in the amount of consideration that we can expect to receive in exchange for those goods and services. We apply the following five-step model to determine revenue recognition:

 

  Identification of a contract with a customer
  Identification of the performance obligations in the contact
  Determination of the transaction price
  Allocation of the transaction price to the separate performance allocation
  Recognition of revenue when performance obligations are satisfied

 

We only apply the five-step model when it is probable that we will collect the consideration we are entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception and once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, we assess the goods or services promised within each contract and determine those that are performance obligations, and assess whether each promised good or service is distinct.

 

For Ammunition Sales and Casing Sales, our contracts contain a single performance obligation and the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. We recognize as revenues the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when the performance obligation is satisfied or as it is satisfied. Accordingly, we recognize revenues (net) when the customer obtains control of our product, which typically occurs upon shipment of the product or the performance of the service based upon the terms of the contract. In the year ended March 31, 2021, we began accepting contract liabilities or deferred revenue. We included Deferred Revenue in our Accrued Liabilities. We will recognize revenue when the performance obligation is met.

 

For Marketplace revenue, the performance obligation is satisfied, and revenue is recognized as follows:

 

Auction revenue consists of optional listing fees with variable pricing components based on customer options selected from the GunBroker website and final value fees based on a percentage of the final selling price of the listed item. The performance obligation is to process the transactions as initiated by the customer. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when the transaction is processed.

 

Compliance fee revenue consists of fees charged to customers based on a percentage of the final price of an item at the time or purchased. The performance obligation is to process the transactions as initiated by the customer. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when the transaction is processed.

 

Payment processing revenue consists of fees charged to customers on a transactional basis. The performance obligation is to process the transactions as initiated by the customer. The price is set by the GunBroker user agreement on the website based on stand-alone selling prices. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when the transaction is processed.

 

Shipping income consists of fees charged to customers for shipping of sold items listed on the GunBroker website. The performance obligation is to ship the item sold as initiated by the customer. The price is set based on the third-party service provider selected to be used by the customer as well as the speed and location of shipment. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when the shipping label is printed.

 

Banner Advertising Campaign Revenue consists of fees charged to customers for advertisement placement and impressions generated through the GunBroker website. The performance obligation is to generate the number of impressions specified by the customer on banner advertisements on the GunBroker website using the placement selected by the customer. The price is set by the GunBroker user agreement on the website based on standalone selling prices, or by advertising insertion order as negotiated by media broker. If the number of impressions promised is not generated, the customer receives a refund and the refund is applied to the transaction price. Banner advertising campaigns generally run for one month, and revenue is recognized at a point in time at the end of the selected month.

 

Product Sales consists of fees charged for the liquidation of excess inventory for partner distributors. The performance obligation is to sell and ship the inventory item as initiated by the customer. The price depends on whether the inventory is a fixed price item or an auction item. For a fixed price item, the Company performs research to determine the current market rate for such an item, and the item is listed at that price. For an auction item, the price is set by what the buyer is willing to pay. The Company acts as a principal in these transactions due to the extent of control they have over the product prior to the sale. Due to the principal determination, gross revenue is recognized at a point in time when the item has been shipped.

 

Identity Verification consists of fees charged to customers for identity verification in order to gain access to the GunBroker website. The performance obligation is to process the identity verification as initiated by the customer. The price is set by the GunBroker user agreement on the website based on a stand-alone selling price. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when the identity verification is completed.

 

Excise Tax

 

As a result of regulations imposed by the federal government for sales of ammunition to non-government U.S. entities, we charge and collect an 11% excise tax for all products sold into these channels. During the years ended March 31, 2024, 2023, and 2022, we recognized $6.2  million, $9.8 million, and $14.6 million respectively, in excise taxes. For ease in selling to commercial markets, excise tax is included in our unit price for the products sold. We record this through net sales and expense the offsetting tax expense to cost of goods sold.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to us as of March 31, 2024. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair value. These financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, amounts due to related parties and the construction note payable. Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values because they are short term in nature and their carrying amounts approximate fair values or they are payable on demand.

 

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Income Taxes

 

We file federal and state income tax returns in accordance with the applicable rules of each jurisdiction. We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 740 - Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). The provision for income taxes includes federal, state, and local income taxes currently payable, and deferred taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable amounts in years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. If it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized. In accordance with ASC 740, we recognize the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. We measure recognized income tax positions at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. We reflect changes in recognition or measurement in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for stock-based compensation at fair value in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 718 – Compensation – Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards to employees and directors. On April 1, 2023 we adopted ASU 2022-03, “Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions.” Accordingly, stock-based compensation is valued using market value of our Common Stock. Stock-based compensation is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting periods and forfeitures are recognized in the periods they occur. We account for common stock purchase option awards by estimating the fair value of each option award on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model that uses assumption and estimates that we believe are reasonable. There were 1,936,951 and 1,777,294 shares of common stock issued to employees, members of the Board of Directors, and members of our advisory committee for services for the years ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023, respectively.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We have not entered into any market risk sensitive instruments for trading purposes. We are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of business including fluctuations in interest rates and commodity prices, which can affect our operating, investing, and financing activities. We believe our primary market risk is interest rate risk. Our Revolving Loan is indexed to market rates. Although we did not have a balance outstanding under our Revolving Loan at March 31, 2024, if we were to make use of the total commitment amount of $20.0 million, a 100 basis point increase would result in an impact of $200,000 additional interest expense for the year ended March 31, 2024. The interest rates on our Construction Note Payable are not indexed to market rates.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The consolidated financials are submitted as a separate section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on page F-1.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

As of March 31, 2024, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this report. Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(c) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of March 31, 2024. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures, and is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

 

Based on this evaluation, and because of the material weaknesses described below, our CEO and CFO have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level as of March 31, 2024.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance of the reliability of financial reporting and of the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes, in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

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Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and disposition of assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with the authorization of its management and directors; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding the prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, and because of the material weaknesses described below, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of March 31, 2024.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risks that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

These material weaknesses did not result in any identified misstatements to the financial statements, and there were no changes to previously released financial results.

 

Pannell Kerr Forster of Texas, P.C., an independent registered public accounting firm, that audited the financial statements included in this annual report has issued an attestation report on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, which is included in this report.

 

Material weaknesses and management’s remediation plan

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, within the meaning of Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) Auditing Standard AS 2201, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. The following material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting were identified in the normal course as of March 31, 2024:

 

The Company failed to maintain an effective control environment due to the following:

 

  the Company failed to fully resolve identified segregation of duties conflicts with system access for designated business and IT users, thus related user access review and application change management procedures around logging could not be relied upon for select Company systems.
     
  the Company failed to maintain effectively designed Information Technology General Controls (“ITGCs”) in the areas of user access, application change management, logical access controls, and segregation of duties for one of the Company’s third-party information technology system that supports the Company’s financial reporting process.
     
  the Company failed to effectively execute management review procedures to validate the completeness and accuracy of transactions and to clearly define and evidence the process used and criteria and judgment applied in performance of critical business activities.

 

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Management’s Remediation Initiatives 

 

We have concluded that these material weaknesses arose because we did not have the necessary business processes, systems, personnel, and related internal controls.

 

Management, with the oversight of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, has been actively engaged in remediation efforts to address the material weaknesses throughout 2024, and these efforts will continue into 2025.

 

We have made enhancements to our control environment by improving guidance, communication of expectations, and importance of internal controls . Specifically, the Board of Directors formally approved the annual budget and delegation of authority over company transactions, and a whistleblower hotline and accompanying reporting process was implemented. In addition, accounting policies related to journal entries and invoice approval were adopted and IT policies and procedures were developed. The Company hired personnel in key positions, and management continues to assess the hiring of additional personnel to ensure that the Company has a sufficient complement of qualified personnel at the right levels, based on any identified gaps in personnel requirements.

 

Due to accounting system limitations, management is limited in its ability to effectively design and implement general information technology controls around select systems that support the underlying business cycle controls. Management is planning an evaluation of a new accounting system during the next fiscal period. The new system will allow management to effectively design and implement appropriate general information technology controls including enforced segregation of duties. Management will also continue the rollout of IT remediation action plans, including developing an enhanced risk assessment process for third-party IT systems and implementation of IT monitoring procedures. In addition, management will continue to evaluate organization structure and hiring of personnel, and enhancement of management review procedures to validate completeness and accuracy of transactions at the time of review.

 

Remediation of Previously Identified Material Weaknesses

 

The following material weaknesses were previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2023:

 

  the Company’s management and the governance did not maintain appropriately designed entity-level controls impacting the control environment to prevent or detect material misstatements to the consolidated financial statements. These deficiencies were attributed to limited personnel to assist with the accounting and financial reporting function and inadequate oversight and accountability over the performance of control activities, including establishment of a Whistleblower Hotline and lack of formalization of certain key governance elements: management delegation, annual board committee charter review, acknowledgement of code of conduct, and approval of the annual budget;
     
  the Company failed to maintain effectively designed controls over journal entries, both recurring and nonrecurring, account reconciliations, and periodic flux analysis. Journal entries were not always accompanied by sufficient supporting documentation and were not adequately reviewed and approved for validity, completeness, and accuracy. In most instances, persons responsible for reviewing journal entries and account reconciliations for validity, completeness, and accuracy were also responsible for preparation.

 

We have concluded that with the exception of a lack sufficient number of qualified personnel and continued enhancement of management review procedures as discussed above, these material weaknesses have been remediated.

 

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Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There was a change in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f)) that occurred during our most recent quarter that has materially affected or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Throughout fiscal 2024 and including our most recent fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2024, we have undertaken measures to remediate the previously disclosed material weaknesses. Management intends to implement certain remediation steps to address the material weaknesses described under Management’s Remediation Initiatives. However, management has not fully implemented those remediation steps and expects remediation efforts to continue into fiscal year 2025.

 

While these actions and planned actions are subject to ongoing management evaluation and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles, we are committed to the continuous improvement of our internal control over financial reporting and will continue to diligently review our internal control over financial reporting.

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of

AMMO, Inc.

 

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

We have audited AMMO, Inc.’s (the “Company’s”) internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, because of the effect of the material weaknesses described in the following paragraph on the achievement of the objectives of the control criteria, the Company has not maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.

 

A material weakness is a control deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The following material weaknesses have been identified and included in management’s assessment.

 

  Certain information technology (“IT”) controls for security and administration of key IT systems did not operate effectively throughout the year. Specifically, (i) periodic user access reviews of roles and permissions were not performed sufficiently throughout the period for certain key IT systems, (ii) certain key IT systems were not logically restricted between business and IT administration access privileges, resulting in improper segregation of duties for certain business processes, and (iii) log monitoring was not in place to track business and IT administrator activities.
  Controls were not effectively designed in the areas of user access, application change management, logical access and segregation of duties for one third party system which supports the Company’s financial reporting process.
  Controls were not appropriately executed or evidenced related to management review procedures and validation of the accuracy and completeness of information used in the performance of controls.

 

These material weaknesses were considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the 2024 financial statements, and this report does not affect our report dated June 13, 2024, on those financial statements.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows of the Company, and our report dated June 13, 2024, expressed an unqualified opinion.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

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We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

/s/ PANNELL KERR FORSTER OF TEXAS, P.C.

 
   
Houston, Texas  
June 13, 2024  

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 9C. DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Information responsive to this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Corporate Governance section in our definitive proxy statement for our 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2024.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Information responsive to this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Executive Compensation section in our definitive proxy statement for our 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2024.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

Information responsive to this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management in our definitive proxy statement for our 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2024.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Information responsive to this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Corporate Governance section in our definitive proxy statement for our 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2024.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

Information responsive to this item is incorporated herein by reference to Proposal 2 in our definitive proxy statement for our 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2024.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

  (a) Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules are set forth under Part II, Item 8 of this report.
     
  (b) Exhibits

 

Other Schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not required, or because the required information is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or notes thereto.

 

        Reference   Filed or Furnished

Exhibit

Number

  Exhibit Description   Form   Exhibit  

Filing

Date

  Herewith
2.1#   Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated April 30, 2021, by and among Ammo, Inc., SpeedLight Group I, LLC, Gemini Direct Investments, LLC and Steven F. Urvan (1)   8-K   2.1   5/6/2021    
3.1   Certificate of Incorporation (Amended and Restated) filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 24, 2018   8-K   3.1   10/26/2018    
3.2   Bylaws   8-K   3.03   02/09/2017    
3.3   Certificate of Designations with respect to the 8.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, dated May 18, 2021   8-A   3.1   5/20/2021    
4.1   Compilation of JSC Agreements dated November 4, 2020   10-Q   4.3   11/13/2020    
4.2   Form of Underwriters’ Warrant Agreement issued December 3, 2020   8-K   4.1   12/4/2020    
4.3   Description of Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.   10-K   4.3   6/14/2023    
4.4   Promissory Note issued by Ammo, Inc., Firelight Group I, LLC in favor of Hiawatha National Bank, dated October 14, 2021.   10-Q   4.1   2/14/2022    
10.1+   2017 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended   S-8   4.1   3/30/2023    
10.2   First Amended and Restated Factoring and Security Agreement, as amended, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Factors Southwest, LLC   8-K   10.1   3/11/2021    
10.3   Revolving Inventory Loan and Security Agreement, as amended, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Factors Southwest, LLC   8-K   10.2   3/11/2021    
10.4   Exclusive License Agreement between AMMO Technologies Inc. and University of Louisiana at Lafayette, dated November 16, 2017, as amended in 2018 and 2022   10-Q   10.1   2/14/2023    

 

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10.5+   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, by and between AMMO, Inc. and Jared Smith, dated July 24, 2023   8-K   10.1   7/25/2023  
10.6+   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, by and between AMMO, Inc. and Fred W. Wagenhals, dated July 24, 2023   8-K   10.2   7/25/2023  
10.7+   Employment Agreement of Robert D. Wiley, as amended   10-K   10.6   6/14/2023    
10.8   Lock-Up Agreement, dated April 30, 2021, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Steven F. Urvan   8-K   10.1   5/6/2021    
10.9   Voting Rights Agreement, dated April 30, 2021, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Steven F. Urvan   8-K   10.2   5/6/2021    
10.10   Standstill Agreement, dated April 30, 2021, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Steven F. Urvan   8-K   10.3   5/6/2021    
10.11   Investor Rights Agreement, dated April 30, 2021, by and between Ammo, Inc. and Steven F. Urvan   8-K   10.4   5/6/2021    
10.12   Construction Loan Agreement by and among Ammo, Inc., Firelight Group I, LLC, and Hiawatha National Bank, dated October 14, 2021.   10-Q   10.1   2/14/2022    
10.13   Settlement Agreement, by and among AMMO, Inc., Steven F. Urvan and Susan T. Lokey, dated November 3, 2022   8-K   10.1   11/7/22    
10.14   Amendment to Settlement Agreement, by and among AMMO, Inc., Steven F. Urvan and Susan T. Lokey, dated November 21, 2022   8-K   10.1   11/22/22    
21.1   Subsidiaries of the Company   10-K   21.1   6/14/2023    
23.1   Consent of Pannell Kerr Forster of Texas, P.C Independent Registered Account Firm Relating to Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company for the year ended March 31, 2024               X
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.               X
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.               X
32.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.               X
32.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.               X
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document               X
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document               X
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document               X
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document               X
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document               X
101.DEF