Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Petroquest Energy
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-21 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-19 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-08 Enter Agreement, Leave Agreement, Earnings, Off-BS Arrangement, Sale of Shares, Shareholder Rights, Control, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Bankruptcy, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-14 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-18 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-06 Enter Agreement, Bankruptcy, Off-BS Arrangement, Shareholder Rights, Officers, Regulation FD, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-05 Earnings
8-K 2018-10-31 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-05 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-28 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-14 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-31 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-15 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-06 Earnings
8-K 2018-07-31 Other Events
8-K 2018-07-10 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-21 Other Events
8-K 2018-05-16 Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-07 Earnings
8-K 2018-04-17 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-05 Earnings
8-K 2018-02-20 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-31 Enter Agreement, Earnings, Exhibits
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PQ 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1-Basis of Presentation
Note 2-Emergence From Chapter 11 Reorganization
Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting
Note 4-Acquisitions and Divestitures
Note 5-Equity
Note 6-Earnings per Share
Note 7-Share-Based Compensation
Note 8-Long-Term Debt
Note 9-Asset Retirement Obligation
Note 10-Derivative Instruments
Note 11-Fair Value Measurements
Note 12-Income Taxes
Note 13-Other Comprehensive Income
Note 14-Revenue Recognition
Note 15-Leases
Item 2.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 pq3311910qex311.htm
EX-31.2 pq3311910qex312.htm
EX-32.1 pq3311910qex321.htm
EX-32.2 pq3311910qex322.htm

Petroquest Energy Earnings 2019-03-31

PQ 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 pq3311910q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from:                    to:                    
Commission file number: 001-32681
PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DELAWARE
 
72-1440714
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
400 E. Kaliste Saloom Rd., Suite 6000
Lafayette, Louisiana
 
70508
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
337-232-7028
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
x
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13, or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes x No ¨

 
 
 


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
N/A
N/A
N/A
As of May 8, 2019, the Successor registrant had outstanding 9,371,120 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding; one share of Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share; and one share of Class C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share.

 
 
 


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Table of Contents
 
 
Page No.
Part I. Financial Information
 
 
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this Form 10-Q are forward looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected.
Among those risks, trends and uncertainties are:
risks and uncertainties associated with our previous Chapter 11 proceedings;
the likelihood that our Chapter 11 proceedings may have disrupted our business;
the possibility that the assumptions and analyses used to develop our Chapter 11 plan of reorganization may prove to have been incorrect;
the likelihood that our historical financial information may no longer be indicative of our future financial performance;
the possibility that our new board of directors (the “Board”) may have a different strategy and plan for the Company's future;
our ability to attract and retain key personnel may be affected by our emergence from bankruptcy;
the volatility of oil and natural gas prices;
our indebtedness and the amount of cash required to service our indebtedness;
our ability to obtain adequate financing when the need arises to execute our long-term strategy and to fund our planned capital expenditures;
limits on our growth and our ability to finance our operations, fund our capital needs and respond to changing conditions imposed by the Term Loan Agreement dated as of February 8, 2019, by and among PQE (as defined below), as borrower, the Company, as parent, the lenders party thereto and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent (the “Exit Facility”) and restrictive debt covenants;
the effects of a financial downturn or negative credit market conditions on our liquidity, business and financial condition;
our responsibility for offshore decommissioning liabilities for offshore interests we no longer own;
our ability to find, develop, produce and acquire additional oil and natural gas reserves that are economically recoverable;
the risk of severe weather, including hurricanes and tropical storms, as well as flooding, coastal erosion and sea level rise;
our ability to successfully develop our inventory of undeveloped acreage;
the possibility of a substantial lease renewal cost or the loss of our leases and prospective drilling opportunities that could result from a failure to drill sufficient wells to hold our undeveloped acreage;
Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") rules that could limit our ability to book proved undeveloped reserves in the future;
the likelihood that our actual production, revenues and expenditures related to our reserves will differ from our estimates of proved reserves;
our ability to identify, execute or efficiently integrate future acquisitions;
losses and liabilities from uninsured or underinsured drilling and operating activities;
ceiling test write-downs resulting, and that could result in the future, from lower oil and natural gas prices;
our ability to market our oil and natural gas production;

1


changes in laws and governmental regulations and increases in insurance costs or decreases in insurance availability directed toward our business;
regulatory initiatives relating to oil and natural gas development, hydraulic fracturing, and derivatives;
proposed changes to U.S. tax laws;
competition from larger oil and natural gas companies;
the operating hazards attendant to the oil and gas business;
governmental regulation relating to environmental compliance costs and environmental liabilities;
the impact of potential cybersecurity threats;
the loss of our information and computer systems;
the impact of terrorist activities on global economies;
the possibility that the interests of our significant stockholders could be in conflict with the interest of our other stockholders;
no meaningful trading market for our Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Class A Common Stock”) and the volatility of the market price for our Class A Common Stock;
the restrictions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws which could delay or prevent a change of control of our company; and
the restrictions on our ability to pay dividends with respect to any series of common stock.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that the expectations reflected in our forward looking statements will prove to have been correct.
When used in this Form 10-Q, the words “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “estimate” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements for a number of important reasons, including those discussed under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.
You should read these statements carefully because they discuss our expectations about our future performance, contain projections of our future operating results or our future financial condition, or state other “forward-looking” information. You should be aware that the occurrence of any of the events described under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2018 (the “Form 10-K”) could substantially harm our business, results of operations and financial condition and that upon the occurrence of any of these events, the trading price of our Class A Common Stock could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment.
We cannot guarantee any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q after the date of this Form 10-Q.
As used in this Form 10-Q, the words “we,” “our,” “us,” and the “Company” refer to PetroQuest Energy, Inc. and its subsidiaries, except as otherwise specified. Furthermore, we may refer to the Company prior to the Effective Date as the “Predecessor,” and on and after the Effective Date as the “Successor.”


2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(Note 1)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
27,068

 
$
34,502

Restricted cash
1,686

 
389

Revenue receivable
3,856

 
6,364

Joint interest billing receivable
4,292

 
4,716

Deposit for surety bonds
75

 
3,550

Other current assets
2,047

 
3,261

Total current assets
39,024

 
52,782

Property and equipment:
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties:
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties, full cost method
57,360

 
1,361,374

Unevaluated oil and gas properties
120,601

 
23,492

Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
(2,276
)
 
(1,301,592
)
Oil and gas properties, net
175,685

 
83,274

Other property and equipment
248

 
9,282

Accumulated depreciation of other property and equipment
(6
)
 
(9,056
)
Total property and equipment
175,927

 
83,500

Other assets
371

 
1,005

Right of use asset
2,001

 

Total assets
$
217,323

 
$
137,287

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable to vendors
$
14,667

 
$
11,699

Advances from co-owners
3,747

 
2,020

Oil and gas revenue payable
5,492

 
7,765

Accrued interest
319

 
639

Asset retirement obligation
723

 
183

Other accrued liabilities
1,152

 
1,259

       Right of use liability-short-term
894

 

Total current liabilities
26,994

 
23,565

Multi-draw Term Loan
45,434

 
49,738

10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2024
66,340

 

Asset retirement obligation
2,521

 
2,297

Deferred income taxes
241

 

Right of use liability-long-term
990

 

Total liabilities not subject to compromise
142,520

 
75,600

Liabilities subject to compromise

 
323,854

Total liabilities
$
142,520

 
$
399,454








3




PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(Note 1)
Stockholders’ equity (Predecessor):
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.001 par value; authorized 5,000 shares; issued and outstanding 1,495 shares
$

 
$
1

Common stock, $.001 par value; authorized 150,000 shares; issued and outstanding 25,587 shares.

 
26

Paid-in capital

 
314,268

Accumulated deficit

 
(576,462
)
Stockholders’ equity (Successor):
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized 10,000 shares

 

Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized 65,000 shares, issued and outstanding 9,371 shares
94

 

Paid-in capital
73,972

 

Retained earnings
737

 

Total stockholders’ equity
74,803

 
(262,167
)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
217,323

 
$
137,287



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.



4


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019
 
January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas sales
$
8,482

 
$
6,657

 
$
24,917

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Lease operating expenses
2,178

 
2,158

 
7,040

Production taxes
443

 
298

 
1,227

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
2,282

 
1,796

 
6,505

General and administrative
1,689

 
2,468

 
3,300

Restructuring expense
668

 

 

Accretion of asset retirement obligation
23

 
17

 
198

Interest expense
331

 
307

 
7,481

Lease costs
182

 
156

 

 
7,796

 
7,200

 
25,751

Other income:
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense)
51

 
(290
)
 
13

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income/(loss) from operations
737

 
(833
)
 
(821
)
Reorganization items, net

 
262,801

 

Income tax expense

 
(241
)
 
(106
)
Net income (loss)
737

 
261,727

 
(927
)
Preferred stock dividend

 

 
1,285

Income (loss) available to common stockholders
$
737

 
$
261,727

 
$
(2,212
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.07

 
$
9.50

 
$
(0.09
)
Diluted
$
0.07

 
$
8.92

 
$
(0.09
)
Weighted average number of common shares:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
9,371

 
25,587

 
25,540

Diluted
9,935

 
27,289

 
25,540

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019
 
January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
737

 
$
261,727

 
$
(927
)
Change in fair value of derivative instruments, accounted for as hedges, net of income tax benefit of $0, $0 and $106, respectively

 

 
(996
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
737

 
$
261,727

 
$
(1,923
)




See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)

 
Common Stock
 
Preferred Stock
 
Paid-In Capital
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated deficit/Retained earnings
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance, December 31, 2017 (Predecessor)
$
26

 
$
1

 
$
313,244

 
$
278

 
$
(562,484
)
 
$
(248,935
)
Issuance of shares

 

 
(11
)
 

 

 
(11
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 
361

 

 

 
361

Issuance of shares under employee stock purchase plan

 

 
43

 

 

 
43

Derivative fair value adjustment, net of tax

 

 

 
(996
)
 
(59
)
 
(1,055
)
Preferred stock dividend

 

 

 

 
(1,285
)
 
(1,285
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 
(927
)
 
(927
)
Balance, March 31, 2018 (Predecessor)
$
26

 
$
1

 
$
313,637

 
$
(718
)
 
$
(564,755
)
 
$
(251,809
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018 (Predecessor)
$
26

 
$
1

 
$
314,268

 
$

 
$
(576,462
)
 
$
(262,167
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 
44

 

 

 
44

Net income

 

 

 

 
261,727

 
261,727

Cancellation of Predecessor equity
(26
)
 
(1
)
 
(314,312
)
 

 
314,735

 
396

Issuance of Successor common stock and options
92

 

 
72,749

 

 

 
72,841

Issuance of Successor common stock upon vesting of restricted stock, net of shares retired for taxes
2

 

 
857

 

 

 
859

Balance, February 8, 2019 (Predecessor)
$
94

 
$

 
$
73,606

 
$

 
$

 
$
73,700

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, February 8, 2019 (Successor)
$
94

 
$

 
$
73,606

 

 
$

 
$
73,700

Share-based compensation expense

 

 
366

 

 

 
366

Net income

 

 

 

 
737

 
737

Balance, March 31, 2019 (Successor)
$
94

 
$

 
$
73,972

 
$

 
$
737

 
$
74,803


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


7


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019
 
January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
737

 
$
261,727

$
(927
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 
 
 
Deferred tax expense

 
241

106

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
2,282

 
1,796

6,505

Accretion of asset retirement obligation
23

 
17

198

Share-based compensation expense
366

 
44

340

Amortization costs and other
253

 
555

211

Non-cash interest expense on PIK Notes
1,111

 

2,961

Payments to settle asset retirement obligations
(19
)
 
(11
)
(3
)
Non-cash reorganization items, net

 
(267,585
)

Changes in working capital accounts:

 
 
 
Revenue receivable
9,848

 
(7,340
)
7,493

Joint interest billing receivable
2,616

 
(2,192
)
3,016

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(15,872
)
 
8,363

(11,583
)
Advances from co-owners
384

 
1,343

(549
)
Refund of (Deposit for) surety bonds
3,475

 

(2,800
)
Other
(1,123
)
 
2,336

112

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
4,081

 
(706
)
5,080

Cash flows used in investing activities:

 
 
 
Investment in oil and gas properties
(4,075
)
 
(5,290
)
(5,810
)
Investment in other property and equipment

 
(36
)
(98
)
Sale of oil and gas properties

 

(2,405
)
Sale of unevaluated oil and gas properties

 

1,750

Net cash used in investing activities
(4,075
)
 
(5,326
)
(6,563
)
Cash flows provided by financing activities:

 
 
 
Net proceeds from share based compensation

 

43

Deferred financing costs

 
(111
)
(26
)
Costs incurred to redeem 2021 Notes

 

(11
)
Net cash provided by financing activities

 
(111
)
6

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
6

 
(6,143
)
(1,477
)
Cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
28,748

 
34,891

15,655

Cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
28,754

 
$
28,748

$
14,178

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:

 
 
 
Interest, net of capitalized interest
$

 
$
929

$
1,368

Reorganization items, net
$
5

 
$
4,784

$

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

8


PETROQUEST ENERGY, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Note 1—Basis of Presentation
PetroQuest Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation, is an independent oil and gas company headquartered in Lafayette, Louisiana with an exploration office in The Woodlands, Texas. It is engaged in the exploration, development, acquisition and operation of oil and gas properties in Texas and Louisiana. To facilitate our financial statement presentations, we refer to the post-emergence reorganized company in these consolidated financial statements and footnotes as the “Successor” for periods subsequent to February 8, 2019, and to the pre-emergence company as “Predecessor” for periods prior to and including February 8, 2019, the Effective Date of the Plan (as defined below). As discussed in “Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization” the Company and its wholly owned direct and indirect subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for bankruptcy relief on November 6, 2018 and subsequently operated as debtors in possession, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code, until emergence on February 8, 2019.
The consolidated financial information for the period February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019 (Successor), for the period January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019 (Predecessor) and for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 (Predecessor), have been prepared by the Company and were not audited by its independent registered public accountants. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments have been made to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company at March 31, 2019 and for all reported periods. Results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year or any future periods.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements of the Predecessor include the accounts of Company and its subsidiaries, PetroQuest Energy, L.L.C ("PQE"), PetroQuest Oil & Gas, L.L.C, and its former subsidiaries, Pittrans, Inc. and TDC Energy LLC through and including the Effective Date. The Successor's consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the PetroQuest, PQE and PetroQuest Oil & Gas, L.L.C. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated as part of the normal course of business.
Bankruptcy Accounting and Financial Reporting
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 852, Reorganizations ("ASC 852"), for the period subsequent to the bankruptcy filing. ASC 852 requires that the consolidated financial statements distinguish transactions and events that are directly associated with the reorganization from the ongoing operations of the business. Accordingly, certain expenses, gains and losses that were realized or incurred in the Chapter 11 Cases (as defined below) were recorded as reorganization items, net in the consolidated statement of operations. In addition, the pre-petition obligations that may be impacted by the bankruptcy reorganization process were classified on the consolidated balance sheet as liabilities subject to compromise. These liabilities are reported at the amounts expected to be allowed by the Bankruptcy Court (as defined below), even if they may be settled for lesser amounts.
Upon the Effective Date of the Plan, February 8, 2019, we applied fresh start accounting. See "Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting". As a result of the application of fresh start accounting, as well as the effects of the implementation of the Plan, a new entity for financial reporting purposes was created, and as such, the consolidated financial statements on or after February 9, 2019, are not comparable with the consolidated financial statements prior to that date. A blackline presentation has been used to delineate the lack of comparability between predecessor and successor balances. See Note 3 for additional information on the selection of the Effective Date of fresh start accounting and for further discussion.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business for the twelve month period following the filing date of these consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging," to improve the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity's risk management activities in its consolidated financial statements and make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current US GAAP. ASU 2017-12 is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal

9


years, with earlier application permitted. The Company has adopted this new standard. As there are no outstanding derivatives, there is no effect on its consolidated financial statements.    
Note 2—Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization
On November 6, 2018 (the “Petition Date”), the Company, PQE and their direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (collectively, the “Petition,” and the cases commenced thereby, the “Chapter 11 Cases”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”).
On January 31, 2019, the Court entered an order (the “Confirmation Order”) confirming the Debtors’ First Amended Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization, as Immaterially Modified as of January 28, 2019 (as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, the “Plan”) under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. On February 8, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Plan became effective in accordance with its terms and the Debtors emerged from the Chapter 11 Cases. On the Effective Date, TDC Energy, LLC, Pittrans, Inc. and Sea Harvester Energy Development, L.L.C. were dissolved. The remaining Debtors (collectively, the "Reorganized Debtors") continue in existence.
On the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company:
Adopted an amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws;
Appointed four new members to the Successor’s Board to replace all of the directors of the Predecessor, other than the director also serving as Chief Executive Officer, who was re-appointed pursuant to the Plan;
Canceled all of the Predecessor’s common stock and 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock with the former holders thereof not receiving any consideration in respect of such stock;
Authorized 64,999,998 shares of the Successor's Class A Common Stock; one share of the Successor's Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Class B Common Stock"); one share of the Successor's Class C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Class C Common Stock") and 10,000,000 shares of the Successor's preferred stock;
Issued to the former holders of the Predecessor’s 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes, (collectively, the “Old Notes”), in exchange for the cancellation and discharge of the Old Notes:
8,900,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock; and
$80 million of the Successor’s 10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2024 (the “2024 PIK Notes”);
Issued 300,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock to certain former holders of the Old Notes for their commitment to backstop the Exit Facility (as defined below);
Issued to the Class B Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of the Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Issued to the Class C Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of the Class C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Entered into a new $50 million senior secured term loan agreement (the “Exit Facility”) upon the repayment and termination of the Predecessor’s Multidraw Term Loan Agreement;
Entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with certain holders of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock and 2024 PIK Notes;
Adopted a new management incentive plan (the “2019 Long Term Incentive Plan”) for officers, directors and employees of the Successor and its subsidiary, pursuant to which 1,344,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock were reserved for issuance. Upon emergence, 827,638 restricted stock units and 263,599 options were granted to officers and directors; and
the General Unsecured Creditor's (the "GUC") pool was funded in the amount of $1.2 million.
The foregoing is a summary of the substantive provisions of the Plan and related transactions and is not intended to be a complete description of, or a substitute for a full and complete reading of, the Plan and the other documents referred to above.

10


Effect of Filing on Creditors
Subject to certain exceptions, under the Bankruptcy Code, the filing of the Petition automatically enjoined, or stayed, the continuation of most judicial or administrative proceedings or filing of other actions against the Debtors or their property to recover, collect or secure a claim arising prior to the Petition Date. Absent an order of the Bankruptcy Court, substantially all of the Debtors’ prepetition liabilities were subject to settlement under the Bankruptcy Code. Although the filing of the Petition triggered defaults on the Debtors’ debt obligations, creditors were stayed from taking any actions against the Debtors as a result of such defaults, subject to certain limited exceptions permitted by the Bankruptcy Code.
Rejection of Executory Contracts
Subject to certain exceptions, under the Bankruptcy Code, the Debtors were entitled to assume, assign or reject certain executory contracts and unexpired leases subject to the approval of the Bankruptcy Court and satisfaction of certain other conditions. Generally, the rejection of an executory contract or unexpired lease was treated as a prepetition breach of such executory contract or unexpired lease and, subject to certain exceptions, relieved the Debtors of performing their future obligations under such executory contract or unexpired lease but entitled the contract counterparty or lessor to a prepetition general unsecured claim for damages caused by such deemed breach. Counterparties to such rejected contracts or leases may assert unsecured claims in the Bankruptcy Court against the applicable Debtors’ estate for damages. Generally, the assumption of an executory contract or unexpired lease requires the Debtors to cure existing monetary defaults under such executory contract or unexpired lease and provide adequate assurance of future performance. Accordingly, any description of an executory contract or unexpired lease with any of the Debtors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including where applicable a quantification of the Company’s obligations under any such executory contract or unexpired lease with the applicable Debtor, is qualified by any overriding rejection rights the Company has under the Bankruptcy Code. Further, nothing herein is or shall be deemed an admission with respect to any claim amounts or calculations arising from the rejection of any executory contract or unexpired lease and the Debtors expressly preserve all of their rights with respect thereto. During the bankruptcy process the Company's rejection damages were approximately $0.1 million.
Reorganization Items, net
Reorganization Items, net incurred as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases are presented separately in the accompanying unaudited consolidated statement of operations for the Predecessor period January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019 as follows (in thousands):
Gain on settlement of liabilities subject to compromise
$
168,952

Fresh start adjustments
102,830

Reorganization professional fees and other expenses
(5,398
)
Write-off of deferred financing costs
(370
)
Other reorganization items, net
(3,213
)
Total reorganization items, net
$
262,801


Note 3—Fresh Start Accounting
Upon emergence from bankruptcy, the Company qualified for and adopted fresh start accounting in accordance with the provisions of ASC 852 as (i) the holders of existing voting shares of the Predecessor received less than 50% of the voting shares of the Successor and (ii) the reorganization value of the Company’s assets immediately prior to confirmation of the Plan was less than the post-petition liabilities and allowed claims. See "Note 2- Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization" for the terms of the Plan. The Company applied fresh start accounting as of February 8, 2019. Fresh start accounting required the Company to present its assets, liabilities and equity as if it were a new entity upon emergence from bankruptcy, with no beginning retained earnings or deficit as of the fresh start reporting date. As described in "Note 1-Basis of Presentation", the new entity is referred to as Successor, and includes the financial position and results of operations of the reorganized Company subsequent to February 8, 2019. References to Predecessor relate to the financial position and results of operations of the Company prior to, and including, February 8, 2019.
Reorganization Value
Under fresh start accounting, reorganization value represents the fair value of the Successor's total assets and is intended to approximate the amount a willing buyer would pay for the assets immediately after restructuring. Upon application of fresh

11


start accounting, the Company allocated the reorganization value to its individual assets based on their estimated fair values in conformity with ASC 805, "Business Combinations" ("ASC 805").
The Company’s reorganization value is derived from an estimate of enterprise value. Enterprise value represents the estimated fair value of an entity’s long-term debt and stockholders’ equity. The Bankruptcy Court approved the Plan, which included as support the Company's estimate that the enterprise value of the core assets (as defined in the Plan) of the Successor was in the range of $104 million to $187 million without cash at emergence. The sum of the estimated range of enterprise value plus the amount of estimated cash at emergence was in the range of $117 million to $200 million. This valuation analysis was prepared using reserve information, development schedules, other financial information and financial projections and applying standard valuation techniques, including net asset value analysis, precedent transactions analyses and public comparable company analyses. Based on the estimates and assumptions used in determining the enterprise value, the Company ultimately estimated the enterprise value of the Successor's core assets to be approximately $155.2 million.
Valuation of Assets
The Company’s principal assets are its oil and gas properties, which the Company accounts for under the full cost accounting method. With the assistance of valuation experts, the Company determined the fair value of its oil and gas properties based on the discounted cash flows expected to be generated from these assets. The computations were based on market conditions and reserves in place as of the bankruptcy emergence date. 
The fair value analysis performed by independent third party valuation experts was based on the Company’s estimates of reserves as developed internally by the Company’s reserve engineers. For purposes of estimating the fair value of the Company's proved and probable reserves, an income approach was used which estimated fair value based on the anticipated cash flows associated with the Company's reserves, risked by reserve category and discounted using a weighted average cost of capital of 13.0%. The discount factor was derived from a weighted average cost of capital computation which utilized a blended expected cost of debt and expected returns on equity for similar market participants.
Future revenues were based upon forward strip oil and natural gas prices as of the emergence date, adjusted for differentials realized by the Company, and held flat after 2023. Development and operating costs were based on the Company's recent cost trends. The discounted cash flow models also included estimates not typically included in proved reserves such as depletion, depreciation and income tax expenses. The proved reserve locations were limited to wells expected to be drilled in the Company's five year development plan.
As a result of this analysis, the Company concluded the fair value of its proved reserves was $52.1 million and the fair value of its unproven reserves was $99 million as of the Effective Date. The Company also reviewed its undeveloped leasehold acreage. An analysis of comparable market transactions indicated a fair value of undeveloped acreage totaling approximately $19.7 million. These amounts are reflected in item 2 in "Fresh Start Adjustments" below. The fair value of the Company's asset retirement obligations was estimated at $2.5 million and was based on estimated plugging and abandonment costs as of the Effective Date, adjusted for inflation and discounted at the Successor's credit-adjusted risk free rate of 10%.
See further discussion in "Fresh Start Adjustments" below for details on the specific assumptions used in the valuation of the Company’s various other assets.
The following table reconciles the enterprise value per the Plan to the estimated fair value (for fresh start accounting purposes) of the Successor's common stock as of the Effective Date (in thousands):
 
February 8, 2019

Enterprise value
$
155,246

Plus: Cash
23,073

Plus: Restricted cash
5,675

Less: Fair value of 10% PIK Notes due 2024
(65,025
)
Less: Fair value of Term Loan Exit Facility
(45,269
)
Fair value of Successor common stock
$
73,700

Shares issued upon emergence
9,371

Per share value
$
7.86


12


The following table reconciles the enterprise value to the reorganization value as of the Effective Date (in thousands):
 
February 8, 2019

Enterprise value
$
155,246

Plus: Cash
23,073

Plus: Restricted cash
5,675

Plus: Current liabilities
39,758

Plus: Asset retirement obligations (long-term)
2,303

Plus: Other long-term liabilities
2,845

Reorganization value of Successor assets
$
228,900

Reorganization value and enterprise value were estimated using numerous projections and assumptions that are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and resolution of contingencies that are beyond our control. Accordingly, the estimates set forth herein are not necessarily indicative of actual outcomes, and there can be no assurance that the estimates, projections or assumptions will be realized.
Consolidated Balance Sheet
The adjustments set forth in the following consolidated balance sheet reflect the effects of the transactions contemplated by the Plan and carried out by the Company (reflected in the column "Reorganization Adjustments") as well as fair value adjustments as a result of the adoption of fresh start accounting (reflected in the column "Fresh Start Adjustments"). The explanatory notes highlight methods used to determine fair values or other amounts of the assets and liabilities as well as significant assumptions or inputs.
The following table reflects the reorganization and application of ASC 852 on our consolidated balance sheet as of February 8, 2019 (in thousands):
 
 
Predecessor
 
Reorganization Adjustments
 
Fresh Start Adjustments
 
Successor
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
31,881

 
$
(8,808
)
(1)
$

 
$
23,073

Restricted cash
389

 
5,286

(2)

 
5,675

Revenue receivable
13,704

 

 

 
13,704

Joint interest billing receivable
6,908

 

 

 
6,908

Deposit for surety bonds
3,550

 

 

 
3,550

Other current assets
924

 

 

 
924

Total current assets
57,356

 
(3,522
)
 

 
53,834

Property and equipment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas properties, full cost method
1,366,884

 

 
(1,314,814
)
(12)
52,070

Unevaluated oil and gas properties
24,033

 

 
94,660

(12)
118,693

Accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization
(1,303,376
)
 

 
1,303,376

(12)

Oil and gas properties, net
87,541

 

 
83,222

 
170,763

Other property and equipment
9,318

 

 
(9,068
)
(13)
250

Accumulated depreciation of other property and equipment
(9,068
)
 

 
9,068

(13)

Total property and equipment
87,791

 

 
83,222

 
171,013

Other assets
4,151

 

 
(98
)
(14)
4,053

Total Assets
$
149,298

 
$
(3,522
)
 
$
83,124

 
$
228,900


13


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable to vendors
$
14,813

 
$
2,575

(4)
$

 
$
17,388

Advances from co-owners
3,363

 

 

 
3,363

Oil and gas revenue payable
16,059

 

 

 
16,059

Accrued interest
1,181

 
(1,181
)
(5)

 

Asset retirement obligation
183

 

 

 
183

Right of use liability-short-term
1,080

 

 

 
1,080

Other accrued liabilities
1,224

 
461

(6)

 
1,685

Total current liabilities
37,903

 
1,855

 

 
39,758

Multi-draw Term Loan
49,754

 
246

(3)
(4,731
)
(15)
45,269

10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2024

 
80,000

(7)
(14,975
)
(16)
65,025

Asset retirement obligation
2,303

 

 

 
2,303

Right of use liability-long-term
2,604

 

 

 
2,604

Deferred tax liability

 

 
241

(17)
241

Total liabilities not subject to compromise
92,564

 
82,101

 
(19,465
)
 
155,200

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities subject to compromise
321,495

 
(321,495
)
(8)

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholder's equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock (Predecessor)
1

 
(1
)
(9)

 

Common stock (Predecessor)
26

 
(26
)
(9)

 

Paid-in capital (Predecessor)
314,312

 
(314,312
)
(9)

 

Common stock (Successor)

 
94

(10)

 
94

Paid-in capital (Successor)

 
73,606

(10)

 
73,606

Accumulated deficit
(579,100
)
 
476,511

(11)
102,589

(18)

Total stockholder's equity
(264,761
)
 
235,872

 
102,589

 
73,700

 
 
$
149,298

 
$
(3,522
)
 
$
83,124

 
$
228,900

Reorganization Adjustments (in thousands, except per share values)
1.
Reflects the cash payments made as of the Effective Date from implementation of the Plan:
Uses:

Payment of accrued interest on the Multidraw Term Loan
$
(1,181
)
Payment of financing costs related to the Term Loan Exit Facility
(124
)
Funding of the general unsecured claims administrative escrow account
(1,200
)
Cash transferred to restricted cash for professional fee escrow
(5,157
)
Cash transferred to restricted cash for consenting creditors fees
(129
)
Payment of professional fees at emergence
(1,017
)
Total:
$
(8,808
)

14


2.
Reflects the cash reclassified to Restricted Cash as of the Effective Date from implementation of the Plan:
Reclassifications to Restricted Cash:
 
Funding of the professional fee escrow account
$
5,157

Funding of the consenting creditors escrow account
129

Total:
$
5,286

3.
Reflects the payment of financing costs related to the Term Loan Exit Facility and the write off of deferred financing costs related to the MultiDraw Term Loan Agreement and the Term Loan Exit Facility.
4.
Represents the $3.6 million of accrued expenses related to the success fee recognized at emergence and the payment of $1.0 million of professional fees at emergence.
5.
Represents the $1.2 million of accrued interest paid at emergence related to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement.
6.
Represents the accrual of the tax liability associated with the forfeiture of RSUs issued at emergence.
7.
Represents the issuance of the $80 million PIK Notes due 2024 at face value.
8.
Liabilities subject to compromise were settled as follows in accordance with the Plan:
10% Senior Secured Notes due 2021
$
9,427

10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021
275,046

Accrued interest on Senior Secured Notes due 2021 and PIK Notes due 2021
20,624

General Unsecured Claims & Convenience Claims
1,749

Preferred stock accrued dividends
14,649

Total liabilities subject to compromise
$
321,495

 
 
Issuance of the equity to the holders of the Senior Secured Notes due 2021 and PIK Notes due 2021
(71,343
)
Issuance of Successor 10% PIK Notes
(80,000
)
GUC Administration Funding
(1,200
)
Gain on settlement of liabilities subject to compromise
$
168,952

9.
Reflects the cancellation of the Predecessor's preferred stock, common stock and additional paid-in capital to retained earnings.

15


10.
Reflects the issuance of equity of the Successor. In accordance with the Plan, the Successor issued 8.9 million shares of new Class A Common Stock to the holder of Second Lien 10% Senior Secured Notes due 2021 and Second Lien 10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 as part of the settlement of certain liabilities subject to compromise. In addition, 300,000 shares of new Class A Common Stock were issued to consenting creditors, as well as 263,599 shares of new Class A Common Stock issued to holders of stock awards which vested at emergence. For those shares issued to the holders of stock awards, 92,479 were surrendered for tax purposes; therefore, a net 171,120 shares were considered outstanding at emergence. Each share of Class A Common Stock has a par value of $0.01. Additionally, the Successor issued one share of Class B Common Stock and one share of Class C Common Stock on the Effective Date in accordance with the Plan.
Common stock, par value $0.01
$
94

Issuance of the equity to the holders of the Senior Secured Notes due 2021 and PIK Notes due 2021
71,249

Issuance of the equity related to the emergence vesting of RSUs
1,318

Issuance of the equity to the consenting creditors
1,500

Total equity issued at emergence
74,161

Value of shares relinquished to satisfy taxes on the RSUs vested at emergence
(461
)
Net equity issued at emergence
$
73,700

11.
Reflects the cumulative net impact of the effects on Accumulated deficit as follows:
Gain on settlement of liabilities subject to compromise
$
168,952

Issuance of the equity to the consenting creditors
(1,500
)
Issuance of the equity related to the emergence vesting of RSUs
(1,318
)
Success fees recognized at emergence
(3,592
)
Accelerated vesting of Predecessor stock compensation
(396
)
Write-off deferred financing costs
(370
)
     Net impact to Reorganization items, net
161,776

Cancellation of Predecessor equity, including vesting
314,735

     Net Impact to Accumulated deficit
$
476,511

Fresh Start Adjustments
12.
Fair value adjustments to proved oil and a gas properties, associated inventory, unproved acreage, as well as the respective reset of depletion, depreciation, and amortization balances. See above for a detailed discussion of the fair value methodology.
13.
Adjustments to record the fair value of the well equipment, leasehold improvements, computer software, computers, as well as the reset of accumulated depreciation. The Company concluded that the net book value of the assets represented the fair value at emergence.
14.
Represents the write-down of the Indianola investment to fair value based on a five year cash flow analysis.
15.
Upon emergence, the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement was extinguished in the amount of $50 million and the Company entered into the Exit Facility in the amount of $50 million. This adjustment represents the fair value adjustment associated with the Exit Facility. Fair value was estimated via a discounted cash flow analysis by discounting scheduled debt service payments at a credit spread of 10.1%. The credit spread was determined by performing a synthetic credit rating analysis, considering yields on similarly-rated, energy corporate issues, and adjusting based on recovery rates for first lien debt.
16.
Represents the fair value adjustments to the 2024 PIK Notes. Fair value was estimated via a discounted cash flow analysis by discounting scheduled debt service payments at a credit spread of 11.9%. The credit spread was determined by performing a synthetic credit rating analysis, considering yields on similarly-rated, energy corporate issues, and adjusting based on recovery rates for second lien debt.
17.
Represents the net decrease in tax assets and tax liabilities associated with adjustments for fresh start accounting.

16


18.
Reflects the cumulative impact of the fresh start adjustments discussed above:
Proved oil and gas properties fair value adjustment
$
(11,438
)
Unproved oil and gas properties fair value adjustment
94,660

Other asset fair value adjustment
(98
)
Exit Facility fair value adjustment
4,731

2024 PIK Notes fair value adjustment
14,975

Net gain on fresh start adjustments
102,830

Tax impact on fresh start accounting adjustments
(241
)
Net impact to Accumulated deficit
$
102,589

The net gain on fresh start adjustments has been included in Reorganization items, net in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. See "Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization" for additional details of reorganization items, net.
Note 4—Acquisitions and Divestitures
Divestitures (Predecessor):
On January 31, 2018, the Company sold its Gulf of Mexico properties. The Company received no consideration from the sale of these properties and was required to contribute approximately $3.8 million towards the future abandonment costs for the properties. As a result of the sale, the Company extinguished approximately $28.2 million of its discounted asset retirement obligations. In connection with the sale, the Company received a cash refund of $12.4 million related to a depositary account that served to collateralize a portion of the Company's offshore bonds related to these properties. After finalizing purchase price adjustments, during October 2018 the Company settled the remaining liabilities related to this sale for $4.2 million. This sale was accounted for as an adjustment to the capitalized costs of oil and gas properties.
Note 5—Equity
Predecessor Stockholder's Equity
As discussed in “Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization,” on the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, all of the Predecessor’s common stock and 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock were canceled with the former holders thereof not receiving any consideration in respect thereof. Accordingly, the following discussion relates solely to the Predecessor’s common stock and 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock prior to such cancellation.
Convertible Preferred Stock
The Company had 1,495,000 shares of 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) outstanding as of February 8, 2019, all of which were canceled on the Effective Date pursuant to the Plan, including the $14.6 million of accumulated and unpaid dividends.    
Successor Stockholder's Equity
On the Effective Date, pursuant to the terms of the Plan, the Successor issued 8,900,000 shares of Class A Common Stock pro rata to the holders of the Old Notes. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Plan, the Successor issued 300,000 shares of Class A Common Stock to certain holders of the Old Notes for their commitment to backstop the Exit Facility. See "Note 8-Long-Term Debt". Additionally, on the Effective Date, the Company:
Issued to the Class B Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of Class B Common Stock, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Issued to the Class C Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of Class C Common Stock, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Adopted the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan for officers, directors and employees of the Successor and its subsidiaries, pursuant to which 1,344,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock were reserved for issuance; and
authorized 10 million shares of the Successor's preferred stock.

17


On the Effective Date, in accordance with the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company entered into the Registration Rights Agreement with certain former holders of Old Notes who received Class A Common Stock and the 2024 PIK Notes distributed on the Effective Date.

18


Note 6—Earnings Per Share
On February 8, 2019, upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the Predecessor equity was canceled and new equity was issued. See "Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization"and "Note 5-Equity" for further details.
A reconciliation between the basic and diluted earnings per share computations (in thousands, except per share amounts) is as follows:
For the Successor Period of February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019
Income
(Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
737

 
9,371

 
 
Attributable to participating securities
(42
)
 
 
 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
695

 
9,371

 
$
0.07

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
737

 
9,371

 
 
Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted shares

 
564

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
737

 
9,935

 
$
0.07

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Predecessor Period of January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
Income
(Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
261,727

 
25,587

 
 
Gain on retirement of Preferred Shares
$
(14,650
)
 
 
 
 
Attributable to participating securities
(3,944
)
 

 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
243,133

 
25,587

 
$
9.50

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to common stockholders
$
261,727

 
25,587

 
 
Gain on retirement of Preferred Shares
$
(14,650
)
 
 
 
 
Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred shares

 
1,287

 
 
  Restricted shares
(3,944
)
 
415

 
 
Attributable to participating securities
186

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
243,319

 
27,289

 
$
8.92

 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Loss (Numerator)
 
Shares
(Denominator)
 
Per
Share Amount
BASIC EPS
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common stockholders
$
(2,212
)
 
25,540

 
$
(0.09
)
Restricted shares

 

 
 
Attributable to participating securities

 

 
 
DILUTED EPS
$
(2,212
)
 
25,540

 
$
(0.09
)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Predecessor
An aggregate of 2.0 million shares of common stock representing options to purchase common stock and unvested shares of restricted common stock and common shares issuable upon the assumed conversion of the Series B Preferred Stock totaling 1.3 million shares were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three month periods ended March 31, 2018 because the inclusion would have been anti-dilutive as a result of the net loss reported for such period. Options to purchase 1.5 million shares of common stock were outstanding during the Predecessor period of January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019 and were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the options' exercise prices were in excess of the average market price of the common shares.

19




20


Successor

Options to purchase 0.3 million shares of common stock were outstanding during the Successor period of February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019 and were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the options' exercise prices were in excess of the fair value of the common shares.
Note 7—Share-based compensation
As discussed in “Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization,” on the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, all of the Predecessor’s common stock (and any share-based compensation based on such common stock) was canceled with the former holders thereof not receiving any consideration in respect thereof. The Predecessor's share-based compensation plan was also terminated on the Effective Date. Accordingly, unrecognized stock compensation costs of $0.4 million related to the Predecessor's share-based compensation plan was expensed in fresh start accounting. See "Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting" for the related entries.
Upon emergence from bankruptcy, the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan was established, authorizing a maximum of 1,344,000 shares of stock to officers, directors and employees of the Successor and its subsidiaries. Awards issued under the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan may consist of unrestricted shares of Class A Common Stock, stock options to purchase shares of Class A Common Stock and restricted stock units to be settled in shares of Class A Common Stock, in some cases subject to the satisfaction of certain vesting criteria. The new members of the board of directors of the Successor (the "Board") were issued 195,000 Restricted Stock Units ("RSU's"). Generally, they will vest in 3 equal installments on each of the first three anniversaries of the grant date of February 8, 2019.
Messrs. Goodson, Clement and Mixon received awards under the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan on the Effective Date and pursuant to the Plan and Confirmation Order. RSUs were awarded pursuant to the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan as follows: 379,582 RSUs, 126,528 RSUs and 126,528 RSUs, respectively. The RSUs will be settled in shares of Class A Common Stock within a specified period following vesting. The RSUs are subject to vesting as follows:
Approximately 41.7% of the RSUs were fully vested upon grant. Consequently, $1.3 million was recorded as reorganization expense to the Predecessor period ended February 8, 2019 in accordance with fresh start accounting. The officers elected to pay their taxes in stock and consequently 92,479 shares of common stock were retired and are not eligible to be reissued. See "Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting" for the related entries.
Subject to continuing employment on the vesting date, approximately 16.6% of the RSUs will fully vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the one-year anniversary of the Effective Date or (ii) a “Change in Control” (as defined in the participant’s termination agreement). In the event of the termination of a participant’s employment by the Company for any reason (other than for cause) or in the event of the participant’s death or disability, these RSUs will become fully vested.
Subject to continuing employment on the vesting date, approximately 41.7% of the RSUs will fully vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the three-year anniversary of Effective Date, (ii) a Change in Control or (iii) the attainment of a 20-trading day volume-weighted average price of $20.00 per share following the date of grant. In the event of the termination of a participant’s employment for any reason (other than death or disability) prior to vesting, these RSUs will be forfeited.
Stock options (“Options”) were awarded to Messrs. Goodson, Clement and Mixon pursuant to the 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan as follows: 189,791 Options, 63,264 Options and 63,264 Options, respectively. One half of the Options granted to each recipient have an exercise price of $10.00 per share and the other half have an exercise price of $12.50 per share. The Options vest upon the earlier to occur of (i) a 20-trading day volume-weighted average price of a share of the Class A Common Stock at least equal to the applicable exercise price following the date of grant or (ii) a “Change in Control” (as defined in the executive officer’s termination agreement).

21


Note 8—Long-Term Debt
Predecessor Long-Term Debt
On August 19, 2010, the Company issued $150 million in principal amount of its 10% Senior Notes due 2017. On July 3, 2013, the Company issued an additional $200 million in principal amount of its 10% Senior Notes due 2017 (collectively, the "2017 Notes").
On February 17, 2016, the Company closed a private exchange offer (the "February Exchange") and consent solicitation (the "February Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of its outstanding 2017 Notes. In satisfaction of the tender of $214.4 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 61% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, the Company (i) paid approximately $53.6 million of cash, (ii) issued $144.7 million aggregate principal amount of its new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the "2021 Notes") and (iii) issued approximately 1.1 million shares of its common stock. Following the completion of the February Exchange, $135.6 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes remained outstanding. The February Consent Solicitation eliminated or waived substantially all of the restrictive covenants contained in the indenture governing the 2017 Notes.
On September 27, 2016, the Company closed private exchange offers (the "September Exchange") and a consent solicitation (the "September Consent Solicitation") to certain eligible holders of its outstanding 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes. In satisfaction of the consideration of $113.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes, representing approximately 83% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2017 Notes, and $130.5 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes, representing approximately 90% of the then outstanding aggregate principal amount of 2021 Notes, the Company issued (i) $243.5 million in aggregate principal amount of its new 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the "2021 PIK Notes") and (ii) approximately 3.5 million shares of its common stock. The Company also paid, in cash, accrued and unpaid interest on the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes accepted in the September Exchange from the last applicable interest payment date to, but not including, September 27, 2016. Following the consummation of the September Exchange, there were $22.7 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes outstanding and $14.2 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes outstanding. The September Consent Solicitation amended certain provisions of the indenture governing the 2021 Notes and amended the registration rights agreement with respect to the 2021 Notes.
On March 31, 2017, the Company redeemed the remaining outstanding 2017 Notes at a redemption price of $22.8 million. The redemption was funded by cash on hand and amounts borrowed under the Old Loan Agreement described below. On December 28, 2017, the Company issued approximately 2.2 million shares of common stock to extinguish approximately $4.8 million of outstanding principal amount of 2021 Notes.
The 2021 PIK Notes accrued interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest was payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. The Company was permitted, at its option, for the first three interest payment dates of the 2021 PIK Notes, to instead pay interest at (i) the annual rate of 1% in cash plus (ii) the annual rate of 9% PIK (the "PIK Interest") payable by increasing the principal amount outstanding of the 2021 PIK Notes or by issuing additional 2021 PIK Notes in certificated form. The Company exercised this PIK option in connection with the interest payments due on February 15, 2017, August 15, 2017 and February 15, 2018. Contractual interest on the 2021 PIK Notes for the period November 7, 2018 through December 31, 2018 was approximately $4.1 million and for the period January 1 through February 8, 2019 was approximately $2.9 million. Payment of this interest was stayed by the Chapter 11 Cases effective November 6, 2018.
The 2021 Notes accrued interest at a rate of 10% per annum on the principal amount and interest was payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. Contractual interest on the 2021 Notes for the period November 7, 2018 through December 31, 2018 was approximately $0.1 million and for the period January 1 through February 8, 2019 was approximately $0.1 million. Payment of this interest was stayed by the Chapter 11 Cases effective November 6, 2018.
The February Exchange and September Exchange were accounted for as troubled debt restructurings pursuant to guidance provided by Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC Topic 470-60 "Troubled Debt Restructurings by Debtors." The Company determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes and the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange. Accordingly, no gain or loss on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the September Exchange. The net shortfall of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes and 2021 Notes tendered as compared to the principal amount of the 2021 PIK Notes issued in the September Exchange of $0.6 million is reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. Such shortfall was being amortized under the effective interest method over the term of the 2021 PIK Notes.
The Company previously determined that the future undiscounted cash flows from the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange through the maturity date exceeded the adjusted carrying amount of the 2017 Notes tendered in the February Exchange. Accordingly, no gain on extinguishment of debt was recognized in connection with the February Exchange. The excess of the remaining carrying value of the 2017 Notes tendered over the principal amount of the 2021 Notes issued in the February Exchange

22


of $13.9 million was reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 Notes. The amount of the excess carrying value attributable to the 2021 Notes tendered in the September Exchange was then reflected as part of the carrying value of the 2021 PIK Notes. The excess carrying value attributable to the remaining 2021 Notes was being amortized under the effective interest method over the term of the 2021 Notes.
On October 17, 2016, the Company entered into a multidraw term loan agreement (the "Old Loan Agreement") with Franklin Custodian Funds - Franklin Income Fund, as a lender, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent (the "Agent"), replacing the prior credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Effective August 14, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Old Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and the lenders under the Old Loan Agreement agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain specified events of default occurring under the Old Loan Agreement as a result of non-payment by the Company of interest with respect to the 2021 PIK Notes and 2021 Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018 under the indentures governing those notes. On August 31, 2018, the Company and PQE entered into a new Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (the "Multidraw Term Loan Agreement"), which replaced the Old Loan Agreement with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the "Lenders") and the Agent. The Multidraw Term Loan Agreement provided a multi-advance term loan facility in the principal amount of up to $50.0 million. The loans drawn under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (collectively, the "Term Loans") were permitted to be used to repay existing debt,to pay transaction fees and expenses, to provide working capital for exploration and production operations and for general corporate purposes. On August 31, 2018, the Company borrowed $50.0 million under the Term Loans, and repaid $32.5 million of outstanding borrowings under the Old Loan Agreement, plus accrued interest and fees, and retained the balance of the borrowings for general corporate purposes.
Effective September 14, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a Forbearance Agreement (the "Loan Forbearance Agreement") with the Agent for the lenders with respect to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement. Pursuant to the Loan Forbearance Agreement, the Agent and Lenders agreed to forbear from taking any action with respect to certain anticipated events of default occurring under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement as a result of the non-payment of interest with respect to the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes when due and payable on August 15, 2018, and such non-payment continuing for a period of 30 days under the indentures governing the notes. The Loan Forbearance Agreement was effective from September 14, 2018 until the earlier of (i) 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on September 28, 2018 or (ii) the occurrence of any specified forbearance default, which includes, among other things, any event of default under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement other than the anticipated events of default or a breach by the Company or certain of its subsidiaries of the Loan Forbearance Agreement. On September 28, 2018, October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018 and October 31, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, the Agent and the Lenders entered into first, second, third and fourth amendments to the Loan Forbearance Agreement that extended the September 28, 2018 deadline to 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on each of October 5, 2018, October 19, 2018, October 31, 2018 and November 6, 2018, respectively. The Loan Forbearance Agreement terminated on the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases described in "Note 2-Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization".
The face value of the 2021 Notes and the 2021 PIK Notes, including accrued PIK interest of $20.6 million, were classified as liabilities subject to compromise as of December 31, 2018. The Term Loans are reflected net of $0.3 million of related unamortized financing costs as of December 31, 2018. The adjustments to write off the remaining unamortized deferred financing costs related to the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement are included in reorganization items in the consolidated statement of operations for the period ended February 8, 2019.
Successor Long-Term Debt
Exit Facility
On the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company entered into the Term Loan Agreement (the “Exit Facility”) with the lenders party thereto (which were lenders under the Company's Multidraw Term Loan Agreement and certain holders of the Company's Old Notes that subscribed to be a lender pursuant to the syndication process) and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The Exit Facility provides for a $50 million term loan facility.
The proceeds of the Exit Facility were used to repay in full the loans and other obligations under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement. The maturity date of the Exit Facility is November 8, 2023. The interest rate per annum is, at the Company's election, equal to (i) in the case of LIBOR Loans (as defined in the Exit Facility), 7.5% per annum or (ii) in the case of Base Rate Loans (as defined in the Exit Facility), 6.5% per annum. The Exit Facility is secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of the Company's assets.
The Company is subject to a restrictive covenant under the Exit Facility, consisting of maintaining a ratio of (i) the present value, discounted at 10% per annum, of the estimated future net revenues in respect of its oil and gas properties, before any state, federal, foreign or other income taxes, attributable to total proved reserves, using strip prices then in effect at the end of each calendar quarter, including swap agreements in place at the end of each quarter, to (ii) the sum of the aggregate outstanding principal

23


amount of the term loans to be no less than 1.5 to 1.0 as measured on the last day of each calendar quarter. If the Company fails to maintain the ratio, it may either (i) prepay the outstanding term loans such that after giving effect to such prepayment, the financial covenant is met or (ii) be in default under the Exit Facility, in which case the term loans and all other amounts owed pursuant to the Exit Facility would become immediately due and payable.
The Exit Facility also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including as to compliance with laws (including environmental laws, ERISA and anti-corruption laws), maintenance of required insurance, delivery of quarterly and annual financial statements, maintenance and operation of property (including oil and gas properties), restrictions on the incurrence of liens and indebtedness, entering into mergers, consolidations and sales of assets, and transactions with affiliates and other customary covenants. See "Item 1A. Risk Factors-Restrictive debt covenants could limit our growth and our ability to finance our operations, fund our capital needs, respond to changing conditions and engage in other business activities that may be in our best interests" in the Company's Form 10-K for a detailed discussion of these debt covenants and their effect on the Company's business.
The Exit Facility contains customary events of default and remedies for credit facilities of this nature. If the Company does not comply with the financial and other covenants in the Exit Facility, the lenders may, subject to customary cure rights, require immediate payment of all amounts outstanding under the Exit Facility. An event of default under the Exit Facility, if not cured or waived, could result in an event of default under the 2024 PIK Notes (as defined below).
As of March 31, 2019, we are in compliance with all of the covenants under the Exit Facility.
2024 PIK Notes
On the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company entered into an indenture (the “Indenture”) with Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (the “Trustee”) and collateral agent, and issued $80 million of its new 10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2024 (the “2024 PIK Notes”) pursuant thereto.
Interest on the 2024 PIK Notes accrues at a rate of 10% per annum payable semi-annually in kind (“PIK Interest”) on February 15 and August 15 of each year, beginning on August 15, 2019. At the election of the Board, so long as the Company has provided notice to the holders of the 2024 PIK Notes and the Trustee of such election at least 30 days prior to any applicable interest payment date, interest on the 2024 PIK Notes for any interest period may instead be payable at the annual rate (i) solely in cash (the “Cash Interest”) or (ii) partially as Cash Interest and partially as PIK Interest. The maturity date of the 2024 Notes is February 15, 2024. The 2024 PIK Notes are secured on a second priority lien basis by the equity of PQE that also secures the Exit Facility. Pursuant to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement (as defined below), the security interest in those assets that secure the 2024 PIK Notes and the related guarantee will be contractually subordinated to liens thereon that secure the Exit Facility and certain other permitted obligations as set forth in the Indenture. Consequently, the 2024 PIK Notes and the related guarantee will be effectively subordinated to the Exit Facility and such other permitted obligations to the extent of the value of such assets.
The Company may, at its option, on any one or more occasions redeem all or a portion of the 2024 PIK Notes issued under the Indenture at the redemption prices set forth below (expressed in percentages of principal amount on the redemption date), plus accrued and unpaid Cash Interest together with an amount of cash equal to all accrued and unpaid PIK Interest on the 2024 PIK Notes to be redeemed to, but not including, the redemption date (subject to the right of holders of the 2024 PIK Notes of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date), if redeemed during the periods set forth below:
Period                            Redemption Price
February 8, 2019 to February 7, 2020            102.000%
February 8, 2020 to February 7, 2021            101.000%
February 8, 2021 and thereafter                100.000%
Upon the occurrence of certain change of control events, any holder of the 2024 PIK Notes will have the right to cause the Company to repurchase all or any part of such holder’s 2024 PIK Notes at a repurchase price payable in cash equal to 101% of the principal amount of the 2024 PIK Notes to be repurchased (including any PIK Notes (as defined in the Indenture) or any increase in principal amount of the 2024 PIK Notes in connection with PIK Interest, plus accrued interest to the date of repurchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the related interest payment date).
As of March 31, 2019, we are in compliance with all of the covenants under the 2024 PIK Notes.



24


The following table reconciles the face value of the 2024 PIK Notes and Term Loans to the carrying value included on the Company's consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
2024 PIK Notes
 
Term Loans
Face Value
$
80,000

 
$
50,000

Discount of Debt
(14,771
)
 
(4,566
)
Accrued PIK Interest
1,111

 

Carrying value
$
66,340

 
$
45,434


The Indenture contains certain customary events of default, including: (1) default in the payment of any interest when it becomes due and payable, and continuance of such default for a period of 30 days, (2) default in the payment of principal at maturity, upon optional redemption, upon declaration of acceleration or otherwise or failure to purchase the 2024 PIK Notes when required pursuant to the Indenture or the 2024 PIK Notes, (3) default in the performance or breach of certain covenants in the Indenture, which default continues uncured for a period of 60 days (or (x) 30 days in the case of failure to comply with certain restrictive covenants and (y) 120 days in the case of failure to comply with reporting obligations under the Indenture) after (i) the Company receives written notice from the Trustee or (ii) the Company and the Trustee receive written notice from the holders of not less than 25% in principal amount of the 2024 PIK Notes as provided in the Indenture, (4) certain voluntary or involuntary events of bankruptcy, insolvency or winding up or liquidation of the Company or the Guarantor, (5) any judgment or decree for the payment of money in excess of $10.0 million or its foreign currency equivalent at the time such judgment or decree is entered against the Company, any subsidiary guarantor under the Indenture or any significant subsidiary under the Indenture, remains outstanding for a period of 60 consecutive days following the entry of such judgment or decree and is not discharged, waived or the execution thereof stayed and (6) the occurrence of the following: (x) except as permitted by the Note Documents (as defined in the Indenture), any Note Document establishing the liens securing the notes obligations ceases for any reason to be enforceable; provided that it will not be an event of default under the Indenture if the sole result of the failure of one or more Note Documents to be fully enforceable is that any lien purported to be granted under such Note Documents on collateral, individually or in the aggregate, having a fair market value of not more than $15.0 million, ceases to be an enforceable and perfected lien; provided further, that if such failure is susceptible to cure, no event of default shall arise with respect thereto until 45 days after any officer of the Company or any restricted subsidiary becomes aware of such failure, which failure has not been cured during such time period, (y) except as permitted by the Note Documents, any lien purported to be granted under any Note Document on collateral, individually or in the aggregate, having a fair market value in excess of $15.0 million, ceases to be an enforceable and perfected second priority lien, subject to the Intercreditor Agreement and permitted liens provided that if such failure is susceptible to cure, no event of default shall arise with respect thereto until 45 days after any officer of the Company or any restricted subsidiary under the Indenture becomes aware of such failure, which failure has not been cured during such time period and (z) the Company or any other grantor under the Indenture, or any person acting on behalf of any of them, denies or disaffirms, in writing, any obligation of the Company or any other grantor under the Indenture set forth in or arising under any Note Document establishing liens securing the notes obligations.
If a default occurs and is continuing and is actually known to a trust officer of the Trustee, the Trustee must send to each holder of the 2024 PIK Notes notice of the default within 90 days after it occurs. Except in the case of defaults in payment involving the payment of principal of or interest with respect to any 2024 PIK Note, the Trustee may withhold notice if and so long as it in good faith determines that withholding notice is not opposed to the interests of the holders of the 2024 PIK Notes.
Intercreditor Agreement
On the Effective Date, in accordance with the Plan and the Confirmation Order, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as intercreditor agent, Wilmington Trust, National Association, as collateral agent, the Company and PQE entered into a lien subordination and intercreditor agreement (the “Intercreditor Agreement”) to govern the relationship of holders of the 2024 PIK Notes, the lenders under the Exit Facility and holders of other priority lien obligations with respect to certain collateral and certain other matters.


25


Note 9—Asset Retirement Obligation

The following table describes the changes to the Company’s asset retirement obligation liability (in thousands):
 
Successor
 
Predecessor
 
February 9 through March 31,
 
January 1 through February 8,
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2019
 
2018
Asset retirement obligation, beginning of period
$
2,486

 
$
2,480

 
$
31,310

Liabilities incurred

 

 
7

Liabilities settled
(50
)
 
(11
)
 
(57
)
Accretion expense
23

 
17

 
198

Revisions in estimates
785

 

 
(2
)
Divestiture of oil and gas properties

 

 
(28,214
)
Asset retirement obligation, end of period
3,244

 
2,486

 
3,242

Less: current portion of asset retirement obligation
(723
)
 
(183
)
 
(938
)
Long-term asset retirement obligation
$
2,521

 
$
2,303

 
$
2,304


Revisions in estimates for the period February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019 are primarily due to the change in timing and scope of plugging and abandonment operations at one of the Company's Gulf Coast wells. The divestiture of oil and gas properties during 2018 totaling $28.2 million relates to the sale of the Company's Gulf of Mexico assets. The liabilities incurred, revisions in estimated cash flows and divestitures represent non-cash investing activities for purposes of the consolidated statement of cash flows.

Note 10—Derivative Instruments    
The Company seeks to reduce its exposure to commodity price volatility by hedging a portion of its production through commodity derivative instruments. When the conditions for hedge accounting are met, the Company may designate its commodity derivatives as cash flow hedges. The changes in fair value of derivative instruments that qualify for hedge accounting treatment are recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged oil or natural gas quantities are produced. If a derivative does not qualify for hedge accounting treatment, the changes in the fair value of the derivative are recorded in the income statement as derivative income (expense). At March 31, 2019, the Company had no outstanding derivative contracts.
Oil and gas sales include additions (reductions) related to the settlement of oil hedges and gas hedges of $(264,000) and $804,000, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2018. No such settlements occurred in the periods ended March 31, 2019 or February 8, 2019.
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Effect of Cash Flow Hedges on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018:
Instrument
Amount of Gain Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
 
Location of
Gain Reclassified
into Income
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified into
Oil and Gas Sales
Commodity Derivatives - March 31, 2018
$
(545
)
 
Oil and gas sales
 
$
540


Note 11—Fair Value Measurements
As defined in ASC Topic 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. As presented in the tables below, this hierarchy consists of three broad levels:
Level 1: valuations consist of unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and has the highest priority;

26


Level 2: valuations rely on quoted prices in markets that are not active or observable inputs over the full term of the asset or liability;
Level 3: valuations are based on prices or third party or internal valuation models that require inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement and are less observable and thus have the lowest priority.
The fair value of the Company's cash and cash equivalents approximated book value at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The fair value of the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement was determined using Level 2 inputs and approximated face value as of December 31, 2018. The fair value of the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes was determined based upon market quotes provided by an independent broker, which represent a Level 2 input. The 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes carrying values are included in liabilities subject to compromise at December 31, 2018. The fair value of the Exit Facility and the 2024 PIK Notes was estimated via a discounted cash flow analysis by discounting scheduled debt service payments at a credit spread of 10.1% and 11.9%, respectively. The credit spread was determined by performing a synthetic credit rating analysis, considering yields on similarly-rated, energy corporate issues, and adjusting based on recovery rates for first and second lien debt. This method represents a Level 3 input. The following table summarizes the fair value, carrying value and face value of the 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Fair Value
Face Value
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Face Value
Carrying Value
2021 Notes
$

$

$

 
$
2,828

$
9,427

$
9,427

2021 PIK Notes



 
82,514

275,046

275,046

Multidraw Term Loan



 
50,000

50,000

49,738

Exit Facility
45,269

50,000

45,434

 



2024 PIK Notes
65,025

80,000

66,340

 



 
$
110,294

$
130,000

$
111,774

 
$
135,342

$
334,473

$
334,211

See Note 3 - Fresh Start Accounting for a detailed discussion of the fair value approaches used by the Company. The inputs utilized in the valuation of our most significant asset, our oil and gas properties, included mostly unobservable inputs, which fall within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

Note 12—Income Taxes
The Company typically provides for income taxes at a statutory rate adjusted for permanent differences expected to be realized, primarily statutory depletion, non-deductible stock compensation expenses and state income taxes. As a result of ceiling test write-downs recognized, the Company has incurred a cumulative three year loss excluding the impact from the gain on the bankruptcy reorganization. Because of the impact the cumulative operating loss has on the determination of the recoverability of deferred tax assets through future earnings and the strong negative evidence associated with the bankruptcy reorganization, the Company assessed the realizability of its deferred tax assets based on the future reversals of existing deferred tax liabilities. Accordingly, the Company established a valuation allowance for a portion of the deferred tax asset. The valuation allowance was $56.7 million and $118.7 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Our emergence from Chapter 11 has resulted in tax cancellation of indebtedness income, which resulted in a reduction of our net operating loss carryforward. Since our net operating loss was fully reserved under GAAP in the current period as well as the previous periods, there was not a financial statement impact as a result of the reduction of debt upon emergence. However, as part of our Fresh Start Accounting adjustments, the Company is now recording a state deferred tax liability of $0.2 million. This results in a quarterly effective tax rate of 0.2% and 0% for the predecessor period and successor periods, respectively.

Note 13—Other Comprehensive Income

The Company designates our commodity derivatives as cash flow hedges for accounting purposes upon entering into the contracts and accordingly, changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in stockholders' equity through other comprehensive income, net of related taxes, to the extent the hedge was considered effective. We had no outstanding derivative contracts at December 31, 2018, during the Predecessor period January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019 or the Successor period of February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019.


27


The following table represents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Change in Valuation Allowance
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
278

 
$

 
$
278

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 Change in fair value of derivatives
(545
)
 

 
(545
)
 Income tax effect
131

 
(131
)
 

 Net of tax
(414
)
 
(131
)
 
(545
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 Oil and gas sales
(540
)
 

 
(540
)
 Income tax effect
130

 
(41
)
 
89

 Net of tax
(410
)
 
(41
)
 
(451
)
Net other comprehensive loss
(824
)
 
(172
)
 
(996
)
Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
(546
)
 
$
(172
)
 
$
(718
)


Note 14—Revenue Recognition
The Company records natural gas and oil revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09 "Revenue from Contracts with Customers". The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is that an entity will recognize revenue when it transfers control of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which it expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and or services.
The Company’s sources of revenue are oil, natural gas and NGL production from its oil and gas properties. Oil and natural gas production is typically sold to purchasers through monthly contracts at negotiated sales prices based on published market indices. The sale takes place at the wellhead for oil production and at the wellhead or gas processing plant for natural gas. NGL production is sold once natural gas is processed and the related liquids are removed at the processing plant. The contracts for sale of NGL production are with the processing plant with prices based on what the processing plant is able to receive from third party purchasers.
Sales of oil, natural gas and NGL production are recognized when the product is delivered and title transfers to the purchaser and payment is generally received one to two months after the sale has occurred. The Company had $3.9 million of revenue receivable at March 31, 2019, comprised of $1.1 million of oil revenue, $2.2 million of natural gas revenue and $0.6 million of NGL revenue.
The following table includes a disaggregation of revenue by product including the effects of hedges in place (in thousands):
 
For the Successor Period of February 9, 2019 through March 31, 2019
 
For the Predecessor Period of January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Oil production
$
2,183

 
$
1,502

 
$
6,322

Natural gas production
5,009

 
4,130

 
14,884

Natural gas liquids production
1,289

 
1,025

 
3,711

Total
$
8,482

 
$
6,657

 
$
24,917

    


28


Note 15—Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” ASU 2016-02 was issued to increase transparency and comparability across organizations by recognizing substantially all leases on the balance sheet through the concept of right-of-use lease assets and liabilities. Under current accounting guidance, lessees do not recognize lease assets or liabilities for leases classified as operating leases. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, which added a transition option permitting entities to apply the provisions of the new standard at its adoption date instead of the earliest comparative period presented in the consolidated financial statements. Under this transition option, comparative reporting would not be required, and the provisions of the standard would be applied prospectively to leases in effect at the date of adoption. The Company adopted the guidance prospectively during the first quarter of 2019. As part of this adoption, the Company elected not to reassess historical lease classification, recognize short-term leases on its balance sheet, nor separate lease and non-lease components for its real estate leases. The adoption and implementation of this ASU resulted in a $3.8 million asset and a $3.8 million liability at January 1, 2019 ($2.0 million and $1.9 million in assets and liabilities, respectively, as of March 31, 2019) related to the Company's leasing activities which primarily consists of office leases. The Company's adoption of ASU 2016-02 did not impact retained earnings or other components of equity as of December 31, 2018.
Accordingly, the Company accounts for leases in accordance with ASC Topic 842. The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at contract inception. A lease exists when a contract conveys to the customer the right to control the use of identified property, plant, or equipment for a period of time in exchange for consideration. The definition of a lease embodies two conditions: (1) there is an identified asset in the contract that is land or a depreciable asset (i.e., property, plant, and equipment), and (2) the customer has the right to control the use of the identified asset.
In the normal course of business, the Company enters into various lease agreements for real estate and equipment related to its exploration, development and production activities that are currently accounted for as operating leases. Operating leases are included in right of use asset, right of use liability-short-term and right of use liability-long-term on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. The lease liabilities are initially and subsequently measured at the present value of the unpaid lease payments at the lease commencement date.
Key estimates and judgments include how the Company determined (1) the discount rate it uses to discount the unpaid lease payments to present value, (2) lease term and (3) lease payments.
1.
ASC 842 requires a lessee to discount its unpaid lease payments using the interest rate implicit in the lease or, if that rate cannot be readily determined, its incremental borrowing rate. As most of the Company's leases where it is the lessee do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company's incremental borrowing rate for a lease is the rate of interest it would have to pay on a collateralized basis to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments under similar terms.
2.
The lease term for all of the Company's leases includes the non-cancellable period of the lease plus any additional periods covered by either an option to extend (or not to terminate) the lease that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise, or an option to extend (or not to terminate) the lease controlled by the lessor.
3.
Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease asset or liability comprise the following: fixed payments (including in-substance fixed payments), variable payments that depend on index or rate, and the exercise price of a lessee option to purchase the underlying asset if the Company is reasonably certain to exercise. Amounts expected to be payable under residual value guarantee are also lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability.
The Right-of-use ("ROU") asset is initially measured at cost, which comprises the initial amount of the lease liability adjusted for lease payments made at or before the lease commencement date, plus any initial direct costs incurred less any lease incentives received.
For operating leases, the ROU asset is subsequently measured throughout the lease term at the carrying amount of the lease liability, plus initial direct costs, plus (minus) any prepaid (accrued) lease payments, less the unamortized balance of lease incentives received. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company monitors for events or changes in circumstances that require a reassessment of a lease. When a reassessment results in the remeasurement of a lease liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the carrying amount of the corresponding ROU asset unless doing so would reduce the carrying amount of the ROU asset to an amount less than zero. In that case, the amount of the adjustment that would result in a negative ROU asset balance is recorded in profit or loss.

29


The Company has lease agreements which include lease and nonlease components. The Company has elected to combine lease and nonlease components for all lease contracts.
The Company has elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for all short-term leases that have a lease term of 12 months or less. The Company recognizes the lease payments associated with its short-term leases as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 using a modified retrospective transition approach as of the Effective Date as permitted by the amendments in ASU 2018-11, which provides an alternative modified retrospective transition method. As a result, the Company was not required to adjust its comparative period financial information for effects of the standard or make the new required lease disclosures for periods before the date of adoption (i.e. January 1, 2019). The Company has elected to adopt the package of transition practical expedients and, therefore, has not reassessed (1) whether existing or expired contracts contain a lease, (2) lease classification for existing or expired leases or (3) the accounting for initial direct costs that were previously capitalized. The Company did not elect the practical expedient to use hindsight for leases existing at the adoption date. Further, the Company does not expect the amendments in ASU 2018-01: Land Easement Practical Expedient to have an effect on it because the Company does not enter into land easement arrangements.



30


Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
PetroQuest Energy, Inc. is an independent oil and gas company incorporated in the State of Delaware with primary operations in Texas and Louisiana. We seek to grow our production, proved reserves, cash flow and earnings at low finding and development costs through a balanced mix of exploration, development and acquisition activities. From the commencement of our operations through 2002, we were focused exclusively in the Gulf Coast Basin with onshore properties principally in southern Louisiana and offshore properties in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico shelf. During 2003, we began the implementation of our strategic goal of diversifying our reserves and production into longer life and lower risk onshore properties with our acquisition of the Carthage Field in East Texas. From 2005 through 2015, we further implemented this strategy by focusing our efforts in the Woodford Shale play in Oklahoma. In response to lower commodity prices and to strengthen our balance sheet, we sold all of our Oklahoma assets in three transactions that closed in June 2015, April 2016 and October 2016. In December 2017, we acquired approximately 24,600 gross acres in central Louisiana targeting the Austin Chalk to attempt to increase our oil production and reserves. During January 2018, we sold all of our Gulf of Mexico assets to further reduce our liabilities and strengthen our liquidity position.
Our liquidity position has been negatively impacted by lower commodity prices beginning in 2014. In response to the lower commodity prices, we executed numerous actions beginning in 2015 aimed at increasing liquidity, reducing overall debt levels and other liabilities and extending debt maturities. Despite these actions, our overall liquidity position and our cash available for capital expenditures continued to be negatively impacted by weak natural gas prices, declining production and increased cash interest expense on outstanding indebtedness.
As a result of the forgoing, we engaged in discussions and negotiations with the lenders under the Multidraw Term Loan Agreement (as defined below), certain holders of the 2021 Notes (as defined below) and 2021 PIK Notes (as defined below) and their legal and financial advisors regarding various alternatives with respect to our capital structure and financial position, including the significant amount of indebtedness, and the August 15, 2018 interest payments overdue on our 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes.
Reorganization and Emergence from Voluntary Chapter 11 Proceedings
As a result of the forgoing discussions and negotiations, on November 6, 2018 (the “Petition Date”), we and our wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (collectively, the “Petition,” and the cases commenced thereby, the “Chapter 11 Cases”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”).
In connection with the Chapter 11 filing, on the Petition Date, the Debtors entered into a restructuring support agreement (the “Restructuring Support Agreement”) with (i) holders of 81.83% of our 10% Second Lien Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the “2021 Notes”), (ii) holders of 84.76% of our 10% Second Lien Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2021 (the “2021 PIK Notes”) and (iii) each of the lenders, or investment advisors or managers for the account of each of the lenders under our multi-draw term loan agreement (the “Multidraw Term Loan Agreement”), pursuant to which such parties agreed to support the Plan (as defined below).
On January 31, 2019, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order (the “Confirmation Order”) confirming the Debtors’ First Amended Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization, as Immaterially Modified as of January 28, 2019 (as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, the “Plan”) under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. On February 8, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Plan became effective in accordance with its terms and the Debtors emerged from the Chapter 11 Cases. On the Effective Date, TDC Energy, LLC, Pittrans, Inc. and Sea Harvester Energy Development, L.L.C. were dissolved. The remaining Debtors (collectively, the “Reorganized Debtors”) continue in existence. In this Form 10-Q, we may refer to the Company prior to the Effective Date as the “Predecessor,” and on and after the Effective Date as the “Successor.”
On the Effective Date and pursuant to the terms of the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company:
Adopted an amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws;
Appointed four new members to the Successor’s Board to replace all of the directors of the Predecessor, other than the director also serving as Chief Executive Officer, who was re-appointed pursuant to the Plan;
Canceled all of the Predecessor’s common stock and 6.875% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock with the former holders thereof not receiving any consideration in respect of such stock;

31


Authorized 64,999,998 shares of the Successor's Class A Common Stock; one share of the Successor's Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Class B Common Stock"); one share of the Successor's Class C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "Class C Common Stock") and 10,000,000 shares of the Successor's preferred stock;
Issued to the former holders of the Predecessor’s 2021 Notes and 2021 PIK Notes, (collectively, the “Old Notes”), in exchange for the cancellation and discharge of the Old Notes:
8,900,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock; and
$80 million of the Successor’s 10% Senior Secured PIK Notes due 2024 (the “2024 PIK Notes”);
Issued 300,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock to certain former holders of the Old Notes for their commitment to backstop the Exit Facility (as defined below);
Issued to the Class B Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of the Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Issued to the Class C Holder (as defined in the Successor’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation) one share of the Class C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which confers certain rights to elect directors and certain drag-along rights;
Entered into a new $50 million senior secured term loan agreement (the “Exit Facility”) upon the repayment and termination of the Predecessor’s Multidraw Term Loan Agreement;
Entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with certain holders of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock and 2024 PIK Notes;
Adopted a new management incentive plan (the “2019 Long Term Incentive Plan”) for officers, directors and employees of the Successor and its subsidiary, pursuant to which 1,344,000 shares of the Successor’s Class A Common Stock were reserved for issuance. Upon emergence, 827,638 restricted stock units and 263,599 options were granted to officers and directors; and
the General Unsecured Creditor's (the "GUC") pool was funded in the amount of $1.2 million.
The foregoing is a summary of the substantive provisions of the Plan and related transactions and is not intended to be a complete description of, or a substitute for a full and complete reading of the Plan and the other documents referred to above. See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statement-Note 2- Emergence from Chapter 11 Reorganization" for further discussion of our bankruptcy and resulting reorganization.
Listing on the OTCQX Market
As a result of cancellation of the Predecessor's common stock on the Effective Date, the shares ceased to trade on the OTC Markets Group Inc.'s Pink marketplace. The Successor has applied to have its Class A Common Stock approved for trading on the OTCQX market.
Critical Accounting Policies
Bankruptcy Accounting and Financial Reporting
See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements-Note 1-Basis of Presentation-Bankruptcy Accounting and Financial Reporting".
Fresh Start Accounting
Upon emergence from bankruptcy, the Company qualified for and adopted fresh start accounting in accordance with the provisions of ASC 852, Reorganizations as (i) the holders of existing voting shares of the Predecessor received less than 50% of the voting shares of the Successor and (ii) the reorganization value of the Company's assets immediately prior to confirmation of the Plan was less than the post-petition liabilities and allowed claims. The Company applied fresh start accounting as of February 9, 2019. Fresh start accounting required the Company to present its assets, liabilities and equity at their fair values as of the fresh start reporting date. Our adoption of fresh start accounting may materially affect our results of operations following the fresh start reporting date, as we will have a new basis in certain of our assets and liabilities. As a result of the adoption of fresh start accounting and the effects of the implementation of the Plan, our unaudited consolidated financial statements subsequent to February 8, 2019

32


are not comparable to our consolidated financial statements prior to February 8, 2019. See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements-Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting."
Reserve Estimates
Our estimates of proved oil and gas reserves constitute those quantities of oil and gas, which, by analysis of geoscience and engineering data, can be estimated with reasonable certainty to be economically producible from a given date forward, from known reservoirs, and under existing economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulations prior to the time at which contracts providing the right to operate expire, unless evidence indicates that renewal is reasonably certain, regardless of whether deterministic or probabilistic methods are used for the estimation. At the end of each year, our proved reserves are estimated by independent petroleum engineers in accordance with guidelines established by the SEC. These estimates, however, represent projections based on geologic and engineering data. Reserve engineering is a subjective process of estimating underground accumulations of oil and gas that are difficult to measure. The accuracy of any reserve estimate is a function of the quantity and quality of available data, engineering and geological interpretation and professional judgment. Estimates of economically recoverable oil and gas reserves and future net cash flows necessarily depend upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, such as historical production from the area compared with production from other producing areas, the assumed effect of regulations by governmental agencies, and assumptions governing future oil and gas prices, future operating costs, severance taxes, development costs and workover costs. The future drilling costs associated with reserves assigned to proved undeveloped locations may ultimately increase to the extent that these reserves may be later determined to be uneconomic. Any significant variance in the assumptions could materially affect the estimated quantity and value of the reserves, which could affect the carrying value of our oil and gas properties and/or the rate of depletion of such oil and gas properties.
Disclosure requirements under Staff Accounting Bulletin 113 (“SAB 113”) include provisions that permit the use of new technologies to determine proved reserves if those technologies have been demonstrated empirically to lead to reliable conclusions about reserve volumes. The rules also allow companies the option to disclose probable and possible reserves in addition to the existing requirement to disclose proved reserves. The disclosure requirements also require companies to report the independence and qualifications of third party preparers of reserves and file reports when a third party is relied upon to prepare reserves estimates. Pricing is based on a 12-month, first day of month, average price during the 12-month period prior to the ending date of the balance sheet to report oil and natural gas reserves. In addition, the 12-month average will also be used to measure ceiling test impairments and to compute depreciation, depletion and amortization.
Full Cost Method of Accounting
We use the full cost method of accounting for our investments in oil and gas properties. Under this method, all acquisition, exploration and development costs, including certain related employee costs, incurred for the purpose of exploring for and developing oil and natural gas are capitalized. Acquisition costs include costs incurred to purchase, lease or otherwise acquire property. Exploration costs include the costs of drilling exploratory wells, including those in progress and geological and geophysical service costs in exploration activities. Development costs include the costs of drilling development wells and costs of completions, platforms, facilities and pipelines. Costs associated with production and general corporate activities are expensed in the period incurred. Sales of oil and gas properties, whether or not being amortized currently, are accounted for as adjustments of capitalized costs, with no gain or loss recognized, unless such adjustments would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves of oil and gas.
The costs associated with unevaluated properties are not initially included in the amortization base and primarily relate to ongoing exploration activities, unevaluated leasehold acreage and delay rentals, seismic data and capitalized interest. These costs are either transferred to the amortization base with the costs of drilling the related well or are assessed quarterly for possible impairment or reduction in value. Upon emergence from bankruptcy, we applied fresh start accounting. See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements-Note 3-Fresh Start Accounting" for a description of the revaluation of our evaluated and unevaluated oil and gas properties.
We compute the provision for depletion of oil and gas properties using the unit-of-production method based upon production and estimates of proved reserve quantities. Unevaluated costs and related carrying costs are excluded from the amortization base until the properties associated with these costs are evaluated. In addition to costs associated with evaluated properties, the amortization base includes estimated future development costs related to non-producing reserves. Our depletion expense is affected by the estimates of future development costs, unevaluated costs and proved reserves, and changes in these estimates could have an impact on our future earnings.
We capitalize certain internal costs that are directly identified with acquisition, exploration and development activities. The capitalized internal costs include salaries, employee benefits, costs of consulting services and other related expenses and do not include costs related to production, general corporate overhead or similar activities. We also capitalize a portion of the interest

33


costs incurred on our debt. Capitalized interest is calculated using the amount of our unevaluated property and our effective borrowing rate.
Capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, net of accumulated DD&A and related deferred taxes, are limited to the estimated future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves, including the effect of cash flow hedges in place, discounted at 10 percent, plus the lower of cost or fair value of unproved properties, as adjusted for related income tax effects (the full cost ceiling). If capitalized costs exceed the full cost ceiling, the excess is charged to write-down of oil and gas properties in the quarter in which the excess occurs.
Given the volatility of oil and gas prices, it is probable that our estimate of discounted future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves will change in the near term. If oil or gas prices decline, even for only a short period of time, or if we have downward revisions to our estimated proved reserves, it is possible that write-downs of oil and gas properties could occur in the future.
Future Abandonment Costs
Future abandonment costs include costs to dismantle and relocate or dispose of our production platforms, gathering systems, wells and related structures and restoration costs of land and seabed. We develop estimates of these costs for each of our properties based upon the type of production structure, depth of water, reservoir characteristics, depth of the reservoir, market demand for equipment, currently available procedures and consultations with construction and engineering consultants. Because these costs typically extend many years into the future, estimating these future costs is difficult and requires management to make estimates and judgments that are subject to future revisions based upon numerous factors, including changing technology, the timing of estimated costs, the impact of future inflation on current cost estimates and the political and regulatory environment.
Lease Accounting Standard
See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements-Note 15-Leases" for a description of the Company's accounting policies with respect to leases. At March 31, 2019, the Company had a right-to-use asset of $2.0 million and a lease liability of $1.9 million on its consolidated balance sheet.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards    
See "Item 1. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements-Notes 1-Basis of Presentation-Recently Issued Accounting Standards" for a description of the Company's recently adopted policy with respect to derivatives and hedging. Although the Company has adopted this new standard, the Company had no hedges at March 31, 2019 and thus the policy had no impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

34


Results of Operations
Predecessor Period
The following table sets forth certain information with respect to our oil and gas operations for the periods noted. These historical results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in future periods.         
 
Predecessor
 
 
January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Production:
 
 
 
 
Oil (Bbls)
26,490

 
100,175

 
Gas (Mcf)
1,312,871

 
4,604,021

 
Ngl (Mcfe)
293,135

 
897,103

 
Total Production (Mcfe)
1,764,946

 
6,102,174

 
Sales:
 
 
 
 
Total oil sales
$
1,502,149

 
$
6,321,857

 
Total gas sales
4,129,536

 
14,884,113

 
Total ngl sales
1,025,172

 
3,711,475

 
Total oil, gas, and ngl sales
$
6,656,857

 
$
24,917,445

 
Average sales prices:
 
 
 
 
Oil (per Bbl)
$
56.71

 
$
63.11

 
Gas (per Mcf)
3.15

 
3.23

 
Ngl (per Mcfe)
3.50

 
4.14

 
Per Mcfe
3.77

 
4.08

 
The above sales and average sales prices include (decreases) increases to revenue related to the settlement of oil and gas hedges of $(264,000) and $804,000, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2018. There were no hedge settlements during the period January 1, 2019 through February 8, 2019.
In January 2018, we completed the sale of our Gulf of Mexico assets. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, these assets contributed the following to our oil and gas operations:

Three months ended March 31, 2018
 
Percent of Total Company
Production:

 

Oil (Bbls)
18,727

 
19
%
Gas (Mcf)
292,844

 
6
%
Ngl (Mcfe)
21,370