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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 13, 2022

Registration No. 333-

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

PARKERVISION, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Florida

3663

59-2971472

(State of Incorporation)

(Primary Standard Industrial Classification Code Number)

(I.R.S. Employer ID No.)

4446-1A Hendricks Avenue, Suite 354,

Jacksonville, Florida 32207

Phone: (904) 732-6100

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

Jeffrey Parker, Chairman of the Board

ParkerVision, Inc.

4446-1A Hendricks Avenue, Suite 354

Jacksonville, Florida 32207

(904) 732-6100

(Name, address and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

with a copy to:

David Alan Miller, Esq.

Graubard Miller

The Chrysler Building

405 Lexington Avenue - 11th floor

New York, NY 10174-1901

__________

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as possible after the Registration Statement is declared effective.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continued basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 check the following box:

If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.


CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

Title of Securities to be Registered

Amount to be Registered (3)

Proposed Maximum Offering Price Per Share

Proposed Maximum Aggregate Offering Price

Amount of Registration Fee

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

1,052,631

(1)

$0.90 (4)

$                     947,368

$                    87.82

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

526,315

(2)

$1.00 (5)

$                     526,315

$                    48.79

Total

1,578,946

$                  1,473,683

$                  136.61

(1)Represents shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”) issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021 with the selling stockholder named herein.

(2)Represents 526,315 warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock (“Warrants”) issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021 with the selling stockholder named herein.

(3)Pursuant to Rule 416(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), this Registration Statement also covers any additional shares of Common Stock which may become issuable to prevent dilution from stock splits, stock dividends and similar events.

(4)Pursuant to Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act, this amount represents the average of the high and low prices of our Common Stock as reported on the OTCQB on January 7, 2022.

(5)Pursuant to Rule 457(g) of the Securities Act, this amount represents the exercise price of the Warrants.

_______

The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on Form S-1 on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.



The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JANUARY 13, 2022

PROSPECTUS

PARKERVISION, INC.

1,578,946 Shares of Common Stock

This prospectus relates to the resale by the selling stockholder listed under the heading “Selling Stockholder” of up to 1,578,946 shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”) consisting of an aggregate of 1,052,631 shares of Common Stock and 526,315 shares of Common Stock underlying warrants (“Warrants”) issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021.

We are registering these shares of Common Stock as required by the terms of a registration rights agreement between the selling stockholder and us. The registration of the shares of Common Stock offered by this prospectus does not mean that the selling stockholder will offer or sell any of these shares. The selling stockholder may offer the shares of Common Stock at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market price, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. See “Plan of Distribution” on page 16 for additional information.

We will not receive proceeds from the sale of the shares of Common Stock by the selling stockholder. To the extent the Warrants are exercised for cash, we will receive up to an aggregate of $526,315 in gross proceeds. We expect to use the proceeds received from the exercise of the Warrants, if any, for general working capital purposes, including payment of litigation expenses.

We will pay the expenses of registering these shares of Common Stock, but all selling and other expenses incurred by the selling stockholder will be paid by the selling stockholder.

Our Common Stock is listed on the OTCQB Venture Capital Market under the ticker symbol “PRKR.”

You should read this prospectus and any prospectus supplement carefully before you invest in any of our securities.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 5 of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved these securities or determined whether this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this prospectus is _____________, 2022.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

We have not, and the selling stockholder has not, authorized anyone to provide you with information different from that contained in this prospectus or in any supplement to this prospectus or free writing prospectus, and neither we nor the selling stockholder take any responsibility for any other information that others may give you. This prospectus is not an offer to sell, nor is it a solicitation of an offer to buy, the securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front cover of those documents, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of a security. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.



SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Some of the statements in this prospectus are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include statements about our plans, objectives, expectations, intentions and assumptions, and all other statements that are not statements of historical fact. Words such as “may,” “will,” should,” “estimates,” “plans,” “expects,” “believes,” “intends” and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of such words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Our actual results and the timing of certain events may differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a discrepancy include those discussed in “Our Company,” “Risk Factors,” and elsewhere in this prospectus and any prospectus supplements. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We are under no duty to update or revise any of the forward-looking statements or risk factors to conform them to actual results or to changes in our expectations.


2


PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights certain selected information about us, this offering and the securities offered hereby. This summary is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before deciding whether to invest in our Common Stock. For a more complete understanding of our Company and this offering, we encourage you to read the entire prospectus, including the information presented under the section entitled “Risk Factors” and the financial data and related notes. Unless we specify otherwise, all references in this prospectus to “ParkerVision,” “we,” “our,” “us,” and “our company,” refer to ParkerVision, Inc. and its wholly-owned German subsidiary, ParkerVision GmbH.

Our Company

We were incorporated under the laws of the state of Florida on August 22, 1989. We have designed and developed proprietary radio frequency (“RF”) technologies and integrated circuits based on those technologies and we license our technologies to others for use in wireless communication products. We have expended significant financial and other resources to research and develop our RF technologies and to obtain patent protection for those technologies in the United States of America (“U.S.”) and certain foreign jurisdictions. We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others and therefore the primary focus of our business plan is the enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts. We currently have patent enforcement actions ongoing in various U.S. district courts against mobile handset providers and providers of smart televisions and other WiFi products and, in certain cases, their chip suppliers for the infringement of several of our RF patents. We have made significant investments in developing and protecting our technologies, the returns on which are dependent upon the generation of future revenues for realization. Our patent-related legal proceedings are more fully described in in Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 12 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus.

Our business address is 4446-1A Hendricks Avenue, Suite 354, Jacksonville, Florida 32207 and our telephone number is (904) 732-6100. We maintain a website at www.parkervision.com. We have not incorporated by reference into this prospectus the information on our website, and you should not consider it to be a part of this prospectus.

Background of the Offering

On December 14, 2021, we sold an aggregate of 1,052,631 shares of our Common Stock (“Shares”) and 526,315 Warrants at a price of $0.95 per Share in a private placement transaction with an accredited investor, Alpine Partners (BVI), LP (the “Investor”) for aggregate proceeds of $1.0 million. The Warrants are exercisable through December 14, 2026 at an exercise price of $1.00 per share.

We entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with the Investor pursuant to which we will register the Common Stock issued to the Investor, including the shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants (“Warrant Shares”). We have committed to file the registration statement within 30 days and to cause the registration statement to become effective within 60 days (or, 90 days in the case of a review by the Commission) following the date of the Registration Rights Agreement. The Registration Rights Agreement provides for liquidated damages upon the occurrence of certain events including our failure to file the registration statement or cause it to become effective by the deadlines set forth above. The amount of the liquidated damages is 1.0% of the aggregate subscription upon the occurrence of the event, and monthly thereafter, up to a maximum of 6%, or $60,000.

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The Offering

Common Stock being offered by the selling stockholder

1,578,946 shares of Common Stock including 1,052,631 Shares and 526,315 Warrant Shares issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021.

Common Stock outstanding prior to the Offering

76,991,801 shares as of December 31, 2021 (1)

Common Stock outstanding after the Offering

77,518,116 shares (2)

Terms of Offering

The selling stockholder will determine when and how it will sell the Common Stock offered hereby, as described in “Plan of Distribution” beginning on page 16.

Use of proceeds

The selling stockholder will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of the shares offered under this prospectus. We will not receive proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholder. However, to the extent the Warrants are exercised for cash, we will receive up to an aggregate of $526,315 in gross proceeds. We expect to use the proceeds from the exercise of Warrants, if any, for general working capital purposes, including payment of litigation expenses.

OTCQB Symbol

PRKR

Risk Factors

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully review and consider the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus for a discussion of factors to consider before deciding to invest in shares of our Common Stock.

(1)This amount includes 1,052,631 Shares issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021 that are being registered hereby. This amount does not include:

Warrants to purchase up to 10,345,604 shares of Common Stock, including Warrants to purchase 526,315 shares of Common Stock that are being registered hereby.

Up to 20,157,152 shares of Common Stock issuable upon the conversion of the outstanding principal amount of our convertible promissory notes;

Up to 23,214,755 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options, including 16,703,680 options that are currently exercisable and 6,511,075 options that may become exercisable in the future.

Up to 3,234,839 additional shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance upon the payment in shares of interest on outstanding convertible promissory notes; and

1,979,632 shares of Common Stock that have been reserved for issuance in connection with future grants under our long-term equity incentive plans.

(2)This amount includes all 526,315 shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.


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RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks not presently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial may also impair our business operations. Our business, financial condition or results of operation could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. The trading price of our Common Stock could decline because of any one of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

Financial and Operating Risks

Our financial condition raises substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern.

We have had significant losses and negative cash flows in every year since inception, and continue to have an accumulated deficit which, at September 30, 2021, was approximately $430.1 million. Our net losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and for the year ended December 31, 2020 were approximately $9.0 million and $19.6 million, respectively. In conjunction with the issuance of our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we were required to evaluate our ability to continue as a going concern. Note 2 to the condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus includes a discussion regarding our liquidity and our conclusion that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Additionally, our independent registered public accounting firm has included in their audit opinion on our consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, a statement with respect to substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus includes a discussion regarding our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern. Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming we will continue to operate as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. If we become unable to continue as a going concern, we may have to liquidate our assets and the values we receive for our assets in liquidation or dissolution could be significantly lower than the values reflected in our consolidated financial statements. The substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern may adversely affect our ability to negotiate reasonable terms with our vendors and may adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital in the future.

We have had a history of losses which may ultimately compromise our ability to implement our business plan and continue in operation.

To date, our technologies and products have not produced revenues sufficient to cover our operating costs. We will continue to make expenditures on patent protection and enforcement and general operations in order to continue our current patent enforcement and licensing efforts. Those efforts may not produce a successful financial outcome in 2022, or at all. Without a successful financial outcome from one or more of our patent enforcement and licensing efforts, we will not achieve profitability. Furthermore, our current capital resources may not be sufficient to sustain our operations through 2022. If we are not able to generate sufficient revenues or obtain sufficient capital resources, we may not be able to implement our business plan or meet our current obligations and investors will suffer a loss in their investment. This may also result in a change in our business strategies.

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We will need to raise substantial additional capital in the future to fund our operations. Failure to raise such additional capital may prevent us from implementing our business plan as currently formulated.

Because we have had net losses and, to date, have not generated positive cash flow from operations, we have funded our operating losses primarily from the sale of debt and equity securities, including our secured contingent debt obligation. Our capital resources include cash and cash equivalents of $0.8 million at September 30, 2021. In addition, we received approximately $1.0 million in December 2021 from the sale of our common stock. Although we implemented significant cost reduction measures in 2019 and 2020, our business plan will continue to require expenditures for patent protection and enforcement and general operations. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, we used $6.9 million and $4.8 million, respectively in cash for operations which was funded primarily through the sale of convertible debt and equity securities. Our current capital resources will not be sufficient to meet our working capital needs for 2022 and we will require additional capital to fund our operations. Additional capital may be in the form of debt securities, the sale of equity securities, including common or preferred stock, additional litigation funding, or a combination thereof. Failure to raise additional capital may have a material adverse impact on our ability to achieve our business objectives.

Raising additional capital by issuing debt securities or additional equity securities may result in dilution and/or impose covenants or restrictions that create operational limitations or other obligations.

We may require additional capital to fund our operations and meet our current obligations. Financing, if any, may be in the form of debt or sales of equity securities, including common or preferred stock. Debt instruments or the sale of preferred stock may result in the imposition of operational limitations and other covenants and payment obligations, any of which may be burdensome to us and may have a material adverse impact on our ability to implement our business plan as currently formulated. The sale of equity securities, including common or preferred stock, may result in dilution to the current stockholders’ ownership and may be limited by the number of shares we have authorized and available for issuance.

We may be obligated to repay outstanding notes at a premium upon the occurrence of an event of default.

We have $3.0 million in outstanding principal under convertible notes payable at September 30, 2021. If we fail to comply with the various covenants set forth in each of the notes, including failure to pay principal or interest when due or, under certain notes, consummating a change in control, we could be in default thereunder. Upon an event of default under each of the notes, the interest rate of the notes will increase to 12% per annum and the outstanding principal balance of the notes plus all accrued unpaid interest may be declared immediately payable by the holders. We may not have sufficient available funds to repay the notes upon an event of default, and we cannot provide assurances that we will be able to obtain other financing at terms acceptable to us, or at all.

Our ability to utilize our tax benefits could be substantially limited if we fail to generate sufficient income or if we experience an “ownership change.”

We have cumulative net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) totaling approximately $323.2 million at December 31, 2020, of which $294.1 million is subject to expiration in varying amounts from 2021 to 2037. Our ability to fully recognize the benefits from those NOLs is dependent upon our ability to generate sufficient income prior to their expiration. In addition, our NOL carryforwards may be limited if we experience an ownership change as defined by Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (“Section

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382”). In general, an ownership change under Section 382 occurs if 5% shareholders increase their collective ownership of the aggregate amount of our outstanding shares by more than 50 percentage points over a relevant lookback period. We have sold a significant number of equity securities over the relevant lookback period which increases the risk of triggering an ownership change under Section 382 from the future sale of additional equity securities. An ownership change under Section 382 will significantly limit our ability to utilize our tax benefits.

Our litigation funding arrangements may impair our ability to obtain future financing and/or generate sufficient cash flows to support our future operations.

We have funded much of our cost of litigation through contingent financing arrangements with Brickell Key Investments LP (“Brickell”) and others and contingent fee arrangements with legal counsel. The repayment obligation to Brickell is secured by the majority of our assets until such time that we have repaid a specified minimum return. Furthermore, our contingent arrangements will result in reductions in the amount of net proceeds retained by us from litigation, licensing and other patent-related activities. The contingent fees payable to legal counsel, Brickell and others will consume all of our initial future proceeds up to specified limits and could exceed half of our proceeds thereafter depending on size and timing of proceeds, among other factors. The long-term continuation of our business plan is dependent upon our ability to secure sufficient financing to support our business, and our ability to generate revenues and/or patent related proceeds sufficient to offset expenses and meet our contingent payment obligations. Failure to generate revenue or other patent-related proceeds sufficient to repay our contingent obligations may impede our ability to obtain additional financing which will have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our long-term business objectives.

Our litigation can be time-consuming, costly and we cannot anticipate the results.

Since 2011, we have spent a significant amount of our financial and management resources to pursue patent infringement litigation against third parties. We believe this litigation, and other litigation matters that we may in the future determine to pursue, will continue to consume management and financial resources for long periods of time. There can be no assurance that our current or future litigation matters will ultimately result in a favorable outcome for us or that our financial resources will not be exhausted before achieving a favorable outcome. In addition, even if we obtain favorable interim rulings or verdicts in particular litigation matters, they may not be predictive of the ultimate resolution of the matter. Unfavorable outcomes could result in exhaustion of our financial resources and could hinder our ability to pursue licensing and/or product opportunities for our technologies in the future. Failure to achieve favorable outcomes from one or more of our patent enforcement actions will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and business prospects.

If our patents and intellectual property rights do not provide us with the anticipated market protections, our competitive position, business, and prospects will be impaired.

We rely on our intellectual property rights, including patents and patent applications, to provide competitive advantage and protect us from theft of our intellectual property. We believe that our patents are for entirely new technologies and that our patents are valid, enforceable and valuable. However, third parties have made claims of invalidity with respect to certain of our patents and other similar claims may be brought in the future. For example, in 2019, the Federal Patent Court in Munich invalidated one of our patents that was the subject of infringement cases against LG and Apple in Germany following a nullity action filed by Qualcomm. If our patents are shown not to be as broad as currently believed, or are otherwise challenged such that some or all of the protection is lost, we will suffer adverse effects from the loss of competitive advantage and our ability to offer unique products and technologies. As a result, there would be an adverse impact on our financial condition and business prospects. Furthermore, defending

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against challenges to our patents may give rise to material costs for defense and divert resources away from our other activities.

Our business, results of operations, and financial condition may be impacted by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

The global spread of COVID-19 has created significant volatility and uncertainty in financial markets. If such volatility and uncertainty persist, we may be unable to raise additional capital on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. Additionally, in response to the pandemic, governments and the private sector have taken a number of drastic measures to contain the spread of COVID-19. While our employees currently have the ability and are encouraged to work remotely, such measures may have a substantial impact on employee attendance or productivity, which, along with the possibility of employees’ illness, may adversely affect our operations.

In addition, COVID-19 has negatively impacted the timing of our current patent infringement actions as a result of office closures, travel restrictions and court closures. For example, our patent infringement trial in Orlando, Florida has been delayed twice due to the impact of COVID-19. It is possible that further delays in our cases could occur.

Although COVID-19 is currently not material to our results of operations, there is significant uncertainty relating to the potential impact of COVID-19 on our business. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our ongoing patent enforcement actions and our ability to obtain financing, as well as our results of operations and financial condition, generally, will depend on future developments which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions taken by governments and private businesses to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 continue for an extensive period of time, our business, results of operations, and financial condition may be materially adversely affected.

We are subject to outside influences beyond our control, including legislation that could adversely affect our licensing and enforcement activities and have an adverse impact on the execution of our business plan.

Our licensing and enforcement activities are subject to numerous risks from outside influences, including new legislation, regulations and rules related to obtaining or enforcing patents. For instance, the U.S. has enacted sweeping changes to the U.S. patent system including changes that transition the U.S. from a “first-to-invent” to a “first-to-file” system and that alter the processes for challenging issued patents. To the extent that we are unable to secure patent protection for our future technologies and/or our current patents are challenged such that some or all of our protection is lost, we will suffer adverse effects to our ability to offer unique products and technologies. As a result, there would be an adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows and our ability to execute our business plan.

Our industry is subject to rapid technological changes which if we are unable to match or surpass, will result in a loss of competitive advantage and market opportunity.

Because of the rapid technological development that regularly occurs in the wireless technology industry, along with shifting user needs and the introduction of competing products and services, we have historically devoted substantial resources to developing and improving our technology and introducing new product offerings. As a result of our limited financial resources, we have ceased our research and development activities which could result in a loss of future market opportunity which could adversely affect our future revenue potential.

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We are highly dependent on Mr. Jeffrey Parker as our chief executive officer. If his services were lost, it would have an adverse impact on the execution of our business plan.

Because of Mr. Parker’s leadership position in the company, the relationships he has garnered in both the industry in which we operate and the investment community and the key role he plays in our patent litigation strategies, the loss of his services might be seen as an impediment to the execution of our business plan. If Mr. Parker was no longer available to the company, investors might experience an adverse impact on their investment. We maintain $5 million in key-employee life insurance for our benefit for Mr. Parker.

If we are unable to retain key executives and other highly skilled employees, we will not be able to execute our current business plans.

Our business is dependent on having skilled and specialized key executives and other employees to conduct our business activities. The inability to retain these key executives and other specialized employees would have an adverse impact on the technical support activities and the financial reporting and regulatory compliance activities that our business requires. These activities are instrumental to the successful execution of our business plan.

Any disruptions to our information technology systems or breaches of our network security could interrupt our operations, compromise our reputation, and expose us to litigation, government enforcement actions, and costly response measures and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We rely on information technology systems, including third-party hosted servers and cloud-based servers, to keep business, financial, and corporate records, communicate internally and externally, and operate other critical functions. If any of our internal systems or the systems of our third-party providers are compromised due to computer virus, unauthorized access, malware, and the like, then sensitive documents could be exposed or deleted, and our ability to conduct business could be impaired. Cyber incidents can result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. These incidents can include, but are not limited to, unauthorized access to our systems, computer viruses or other malicious code, denial of service attacks, malware, ransomware, phishing, SQL injection attacks, human error, or other events that result in security breaches or give rise to the manipulation or loss of sensitive information or assets. Cyber incidents can be caused by various persons or groups, including disgruntled employees and vendors, activists, organized crime groups, and state-sponsored and individual hackers. Cyber incidents can also be caused or aggravated by natural events, such as earthquakes, floods, fires, power loss, and telecommunications failures. The risk of cybersecurity breach has generally increased as the number, intensity, and sophistication of attempted attacks from around the world has increased. While we have cyber security procedures in place, given the evolving nature of these threats, there can be no assurance that we will not suffer material losses in the future due to cyber-attacks.

To date, we have not experienced any material losses relating to cyber-attacks, computer viruses or other systems failures. Although we have taken steps to protect the security of data maintained in our information systems, it is possible that our security measures will not be able to prevent the systems’ improper functioning or the improper disclosure of personally identifiable information, such as in the event of cyber-attacks. In addition to operational and business consequences, if our cybersecurity is breached, we could be held liable to our customers or other parties in regulatory or other actions, and we may be exposed to reputation damages and loss of trust and business. This could result in costly investigations and litigation, civil or criminal penalties, fines and negative publicity.

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Risks Relating to our Common Stock

Our outstanding options and warrants may affect the market price and liquidity of the common stock.

At December 31, 2021, we had 77.0 million shares of common stock outstanding and had outstanding options and warrants for the purchase of up to 33.6 million additional shares of common stock, of which approximately 27.0 million were exercisable as of December 31, 2021. In addition, as described more fully below, holders of convertible notes may elect to receive a substantial number of shares of common stock upon conversion of the notes and we may elect to pay accrued interest on the notes in shares of our common stock. All of the shares of common stock underlying these securities are or will be registered for sale to the holder or for public resale by the holder. The amount of common stock reserved for issuance may have an adverse impact on our ability to raise capital and may affect the price and liquidity of our common stock in the public market. In addition, the issuance of these shares of common stock will have a dilutive effect on current stockholders’ ownership.

The conversion of outstanding convertible notes into shares of common stock, and the issuance of common stock by us as payment of accrued interest upon the convertible notes, could materially dilute our current stockholders.

We have an aggregate principal amount of $3.0 million in convertible notes outstanding at September 30, 2021. The notes are convertible into shares of our common stock at fixed conversion prices, which may be less than the market price of our common stock at the time of conversion. If the entire principal were converted into shares of common stock, we would be required to issue an aggregate of up to 20.8 million shares of common stock. If we issue all of these shares, the ownership of our current stockholders will be diluted.

Further, we may elect to pay interest on the notes, at our option, in shares of common stock, at a price equal to the then-market price for our common stock. To date, we have issued approximately 2.7 million shares of common stock as in-kind interest payments on our convertible notes. We currently do not believe that we will have the financial ability to make payments on the notes in cash when due. Accordingly, we currently intend to make such payments in shares of our common stock to the greatest extent possible. Such interest payments could further dilute our current stockholders.

The price of our common stock may be subject to substantial volatility.

The trading price of our common stock has been and may continue to be volatile. Between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021, the reported high and low sales prices for our common stock ranged between $0.15 and $1.91 per share. The price of our common stock may continue to be volatile as a result of a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to, developments in outstanding litigation, our performance and prospects, general conditions of the markets in which we compete, economic and financial conditions, and the impact of COVID-19 on global financial markets. Such volatility could materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock in future periods.

Our common stock is quoted on OTCQB, an over-the-counter market. There can be no assurance that our common stock will continue to trade on the OTCQB or on another over-the-counter market or securities exchange.

Our common stock began trading on the OTCQB, an over-the-counter market, in August 2018 immediately following delisting from Nasdaq, under the symbol “PRKR”. The over-the-counter market is

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a significantly more limited market than a nationally-recognized securities exchange such as Nasdaq, and the quotation of our common stock on the over-the-counter market has resulted in a less liquid market available for existing and potential stockholders to trade shares of our common stock. Securities traded in the over-the-counter market generally have less liquidity due to factors such as the reduced number of investors that will consider investing in the securities, the reduced number of market makers in the securities, and the reduced number of securities analysts that follow such securities. As a result, holders of shares of our common stock may find it difficult to resell their shares at prices quoted in the market or at all. We are also subject to additional compliance requirements under applicable state laws relating to the issuance of our securities. This could have a long-term adverse effect on our ability to raise capital, which ultimately could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. We cannot provide any assurances as to if or when we will be in a position to relist our common stock on a nationally-recognized securities exchange.

Our common stock is classified as a “penny stock” under SEC rules, which means broker-dealers who make a market in our stock will be subject to additional compliance requirements.

Our common stock is deemed to be a "penny stock" as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Penny stocks are stocks (i) with a price of less than five dollars per share; (ii) that are not traded on a recognized national exchange; (iii) whose prices are not quoted on an automated quotation system sponsored by a recognized national securities association; or (iv) whose issuer has net tangible assets less than $2,000,000 (if the issuer has been in continuous operation for at least three years); or $5,000,000 (if continuous operations for less than three years); or with average revenues of less than $6,000,000 for the last three years. The Exchange Act requires broker-dealers dealing in penny stocks to provide potential investors with a document disclosing the risks of penny stocks and to obtain a manually signed and dated written receipt of the document before effecting any transaction in a penny stock for the investor’s account. Potential investors in our common stock are urged to obtain and read such disclosure carefully before purchasing any shares that are deemed to be “penny stock.” Further, the Exchange Act requires broker-dealers dealing in penny stocks to approve the account of any investor for transactions in such stocks before selling any penny stock to that investor. These procedures require the broker-dealer to (i) obtain from the investor information concerning his, her or its financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives; (ii) reasonably determine, based on that information, that transactions in penny stocks are suitable for the investor, and that the investor has sufficient knowledge and experience as to be reasonably capable of evaluating the risks of penny stock transactions; (iii) provide the investor with a written statement setting forth the basis on which the broker dealer made the determination in (ii) above; and (iv) receive a signed and dated copy of such statement from the investor, confirming that it accurately reflects the investor’s financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives. Compliance with these requirements may affect the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to sell our securities, and accordingly would affect the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the public market. These additional procedures could also limit our ability to raise additional capital in the future.

We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and thus stockholders must look to appreciation of our common stock to realize a gain on their investments.

We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and intend to retain our cash and future earnings, if any, to fund our business plan. Our future dividend policy is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon various factors, including our business, financial condition, results of operations and capital requirements. We therefore cannot offer any assurance that our board of directors will determine to pay special or regular dividends in the future. Accordingly, unless our board of directors determines to pay dividends, stockholders will be required to look to appreciation of our

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common stock to realize a gain on their investment. There can be no assurance that this appreciation will occur.

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and by-laws could have effects that conflict with the interest of shareholders.

Some provisions in our certificate of incorporation and by-laws could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us. For example, our board of directors is divided into three classes with directors having staggered terms of office, our board of directors has the ability to issue preferred stock without shareholder approval, and there are advance notification provisions for director nominations and submissions of proposals from shareholders to a vote by all the shareholders under the by-laws. Florida law also has anti-takeover provisions in its corporate statute.

We have a shareholder protection rights plan that may delay or discourage someone from making an offer to purchase the company without prior consultation with the board of directors and management, which may conflict with the interests of some of the shareholders.

On November 17, 2005, as amended on November 20, 2015 and November 20, 2020, our board of directors adopted a shareholder protection rights plan which called for the issuance, on November 29, 2005, as a dividend, of rights to acquire fractional shares of preferred stock. The rights are attached to the shares of common stock and transfer with them. In the future, the rights may become exchangeable for shares of preferred stock with various provisions that may discourage a takeover bid. Additionally, the rights have what are known as “flip-in” and “flip-over” provisions that could make any acquisition of the company more costly. The principal objective of the plan is to cause someone interested in acquiring the company to negotiate with the board of directors rather than launch an unsolicited bid. This plan may limit, prevent, or discourage a takeover offer that some shareholders may find more advantageous than a negotiated transaction. A negotiated transaction may not be in the best interests of the shareholders.

Sales of substantial amounts of our Common Stock by the selling stockholder, or the perception that these sales could occur, could adversely affect the price of our Common Stock.

The sale by the selling stockholder of a significant number of shares of Common Stock, or the perception in the public markets that these sales will occur, could have a material adverse effect on the market price of our Common Stock. We cannot predict the effect, if any, that market sales of those shares of common stock or the availability of those shares of common stock for public sale will have on the market price of our common stock.


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USE OF PROCEEDS

The selling stockholders will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of the shares of Common Stock offered under this prospectus. We will not receive proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholder. However, to the extent the Warrants are exercised for cash, we will receive up to an aggregate of $526,315 in gross proceeds. We expect to use the proceeds from the cash exercise of the Warrants, if any, for general working capital purposes, including litigation expenses.


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THE PRIVATE PLACEMENT

On December 14, 2021, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor for the sale of an aggregate of 1,052,631 shares of our Common Stock and 526,315 Warrants at a price of $0.95 per share of Common Stock for proceeds of $1.0 million.

The Warrants are immediately exercisable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, expire December 14, 2026 and are subject to adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our Common Stock and also upon any distributions of assets to our stockholders. The Warrants contain provisions that prohibit exercise if the holder, together with its affiliates, would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such exercise. The holder of the Warrants may increase (up to 14.99%) or decrease this percentage by providing at least 61 days’ prior notice to the Company. In the event of certain corporate transactions, the holder of the Warrants will be entitled to receive, upon exercise of such Warrants, the kind and amount of securities, cash or other property that the holder would have received had it exercised the Warrants immediately prior to such transaction. The Warrants do not contain voting rights or any of the other rights or privileges as a holder of our Common Stock.

We entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with the investor pursuant to which we will register the shares of Common Stock, including the shares of Common Stock underlying the Warrants. We have committed to file the registration statement within 30 days and to cause the registration statement to become effective within 60 days (or, 90 days in the case of a review by the Commission). The Registration Rights Agreement provides for liquidated damages upon the occurrence of certain events including our failure to file the registration statement or cause it to become effective by the deadlines set forth above. The amount of the liquidated damages is 1.0% of the aggregate subscription upon the occurrence of the event, and monthly thereafter, up to a maximum of 6%, or an aggregate of approximately $60,000.


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SELLING STOCKHOLDER

This prospectus relates to the offer and sale by the selling stockholder from time to time of up to an aggregate of 1,578,946 shares of Common Stock including an aggregate of 1,052,631 shares of Common Stock and 526,315 shares of Common Stock underlying Warrants issued pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated December 14, 2021.

When we refer to the “selling stockholder” in this prospectus, we mean the entity listed in the table below, and each of its respective pledgees, donees, permitted transferees, assignees, successors and others who later come to hold any of such selling stockholder’s interests in shares of our Common Stock other than through a public sale.

Other than as described in this prospectus, the selling stockholder has not within the past three years had any position, office or other material relationship with us or any of our predecessors or affiliates other than as a holder of our securities. The selling stockholder is not a broker-dealer or affiliate of a broker-dealer.

The table below presents information regarding the selling stockholder, the shares of Common Stock that it may sell or otherwise dispose of from time to time under this prospectus and the number of shares and percentage of our outstanding shares of Common Stock the selling stockholder will own assuming all of the shares covered by this prospectus are sold by the selling stockholder.

We do not know when or in what amounts the selling stockholder may sell or otherwise dispose of the shares of Common Stock offered hereby. The selling stockholder might not sell or dispose of any or all of the shares covered by this prospectus or may sell or dispose of some or all of the shares other than pursuant to this prospectus. Because the selling stockholder may not sell or otherwise dispose of some or all of the shares covered by this prospectus and because there are currently no agreements, arrangements or understandings with respect to the sale or other disposition of any of the shares, we cannot estimate the number of shares that will be held by the selling stockholder after completion of the offering. However, for purposes of this table, we have assumed that all of the shares of Common Stock covered by this prospectus will be sold by the selling stockholder.

Beneficial Ownership Prior to

Shares Offered

Beneficial Ownership After Offering (1)

Selling Stockholder

This Offering (1)

Hereby

Shares

Percent

Alpine Partners (BVI), LP (2)

1,578,946

1,578,946

-

0.0%

(1)The information in the table is based on information supplied to us by the selling stockholder. The percentages of ownership are calculated based on 76,991,801 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of December 31, 2021. Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act, and generally includes shares over which the selling stockholder has voting or dispositive power, including any shares that the selling stockholder has the right to acquire within 60 days of the date of this prospectus. Beneficial ownership excludes shares underlying notes or warrants that would not be exercisable due to exercise limitations. Unless otherwise indicated, the selling stockholder has sole voting and dispositive control over the shares of Common Stock.

(2)The address for Alpine Partners (BVI), LP is 140 Broadway, 38th Floor, New York, NY 10005.


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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

The selling stockholder and any of their pledgees, assignees and successors-in-interest may, from time to time, sell any or all of the shares of Common Stock covered hereby on the principal trading market for the Common Stock or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the Common Stock is traded or in private transactions. These sales may be at fixed or negotiated prices. The selling stockholder may use any one or more of the following methods when selling securities:

ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;

block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the securities as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;

purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;

an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;

privately negotiated transactions;

settlement of short sales;

in transactions through broker-dealers that agree with the Selling Stockholder to sell a specified number of such securities at a stipulated price per security;

through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;

a combination of any such methods of sale; or

any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

In order to comply with the securities laws of certain states, if applicable, the shares may be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in certain states, the shares may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and complied with.

Further, because our Common Stock is classified as a “penny stock”, broker-dealers who make a market in our Common Stock will be subject to additional sales practice requirements for selling our Common Stock to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. For instance, the broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction prior to the sale.

The selling stockholder may also sell shares of Common Stock under Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus. In addition, the selling stockholder may transfer the shares of Common Stock by other means not described in this prospectus.

Broker dealers engaged by the selling stockholder may arrange for other brokers dealers to participate in sales. Broker dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the selling stockholder (or, if any broker dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of securities, from the purchaser) in amounts to be negotiated, but, except as set forth in a supplement to this prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction

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not in excess of a customary brokerage commission in compliance with FINRA Rule 2440; and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with FINRA IM-2440.

In connection with the sale of the securities or interests therein, the selling stockholder may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of the securities in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The selling stockholder may also sell securities short and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge the securities to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The selling stockholder may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or create one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of securities offered by this prospectus, which securities such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).

Selling stockholders and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the securities may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales, and therefore will be required to comply with the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act, including Rule 172 thereunder. Additionally, if a selling stockholder and/or their broker-dealers or agents are deemed to be underwriters, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the securities purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act. The selling stockholder has informed us that it does not have any written or oral agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distribute the securities.

We are required to pay certain fees and expenses incurred by us incident to the registration of the securities. We have also agreed to provide indemnification and contribution to the selling stockholder against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

We agreed to keep this prospectus effective until the earlier of (i) the date on which the securities may be resold by the selling stockholder without registration and without regard to any volume or manner of sale limitations by reason of Rule 144, without the requirement for us to be in compliance with the current public information requirements under Rule 144 or any other rule of similar effect or (ii) all of the securities have been sold pursuant to this prospectus or Rule 144 or any other rule of similar effect. The securities will be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certain states, the securities covered hereby may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

Under applicable rules and regulations under the Exchange Act, any person engaged in the distribution of the securities may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respect to our Common Stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution. In addition, the selling stockholder will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of Common Stock by the selling stockholder or any other person. We will make copies of this prospectus available to the selling stockholder and have informed it of the need to deliver a copy of this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale (including by compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act).


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DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

The following description of our capital stock is a summary only and is qualified by reference to our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws, which are included herewith as Exhibits 3.1 through 3.10, respectively.

Common Stock

We are authorized to issue up to 150,000,000 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share. As of December 31, 2021, there were 76,991,801 shares of our Common Stock outstanding. Holders of our Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders and may not cumulate votes for the election of directors. Common Stockholders have the right to receive dividends when, as, and if declared by the Board from funds legally available therefore. Holders of Common Stock have no preemptive rights and have no rights to convert their Common Stock into any other securities.

Shareholder Protection Rights Plan

We have a Shareholder Protection Rights Agreement (“Rights Agreement”), originally adopted on November 21, 2005 and amended on November 20, 2015 and November 20, 2020, pursuant to which we issued, on November 29, 2005, as a dividend, one right to acquire a fraction of a share of Series E Preferred Stock for each then outstanding share of Common Stock. Each share of Common Stock issued by us after such date also has included, and any subsequent shares of Common Stock issued by us prior to the Separation Time (as defined in the Rights Agreement) will include, an attached right. The following description of the Rights Agreement, and any description of the Rights Agreement included in a prospectus supplement, may not be complete and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by, reference to the terms and provisions of the Rights Agreement.

The principal objective of the Rights Agreement is to cause someone interested in acquiring us to negotiate with our Board rather than launch an unsolicited or hostile bid. The Rights Agreement subjects a potential acquirer to substantial voting and economic dilution.

The rights initially are not exercisable and trade with our Common Stock. In the future, the rights may become exercisable with various provisions that may discourage a takeover bid. If a potential acquirer initiates a takeover bid or becomes the beneficial owner of 15% or more of our Common Stock, the rights will separate from the Common Stock. Upon separation, the holders of the rights may exercise their rights at an exercise price of $8.54 per right (the “Exercise Price”), subject to adjustment and payable in cash. Additionally, the rights have what are known as “flip-in” and “flip-over” provisions that could make any acquisition of us more costly to the potential acquirer. The “flip-in” provision provides that, in the event a potential acquirer acquires 15% or more of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock, upon payment of the exercise price, the holders of the rights will receive from us that number of shares of Common Stock having an aggregate market price equal to twice the Exercise Price, as adjusted. The “flip-over” provision allows the holder to purchase that number of shares of common/voting equity of a successor entity, if we are not the surviving corporation in a business combination, with an aggregate market price equal to twice the Exercise Price.

We have the right to substitute for any of our shares of Common Stock that we are obligated to issue, shares of Series E Preferred Stock at a ratio of one thousandth of a share of Series E Preferred Stock for each share of Common Stock. Currently, there are no Series E preferred shares outstanding.

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The rights may be redeemed upon approval of the Board at a redemption price of $0.01 per right. The Rights Agreement expires on November 20, 2023.

Classified Board; Director Nominations; Special Meetings

Our Board is divided into three classes, with only one class of directors elected at each annual meeting, and our shareholders may remove our directors only for cause. Nominations for our Board may be made by our Board or by any holder of Common Stock. A shareholder entitled to vote for the election of directors may nominate a person for election as director only if the shareholder provides written notice of his nomination to our secretary not later than 120 days in advance of the same day and month that our proxy statement was released to shareholders in connection with the previous year’s annual meeting of shareholders or, if no annual meeting was held in the previous year, then by the end of the fiscal year to which the annual meeting in which the nomination will be made relates. A special meeting of our shareholders may be called only by our Board or our chief executive officer. These provisions and the Board’s right to issue shares of our preferred stock from time to time, in one or more classes or series without stockholder approval, are intended to enhance the likelihood of continuity and stability in the composition of the policies formulated by our Board. These provisions are also intended to discourage some tactics that may be used in proxy fights.

The following description of the Warrant is a summary only and is qualified by reference to the Warrant Agreement included herewith as Exhibit 10.90.

Warrant

The warrant is exercisable for up to 526,315 shares of Common Stock for a period of five years at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The exercise price and number of shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrant are subject to adjustment in the evet of stock dividends and splits and certain Fundamental Transactions (as described in the Warrant Agreement). The Warrant Agreement provides that while the Warrant is exercisable, the Company keep available out of the aggregate of its authorized but unissued and otherwise unreserved Common Stock, solely for the purpose of enabling it to issue Warrant Shares upon exercise of the Warrant, the number of shares of Common Stock that are initially issuable and deliverable upon the exercise of the Warrant (less the number of such shares so issued and delivered).


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MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

Market Information

Since August 17, 2018, our Common Stock has been listed on the OTCQB, an over-the-counter market, under the ticker symbol “PRKR”. Over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down, or commission, and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

Holders

As of January 7, 2022, we had approximately 88 holders of record and we believe there are approximately 7,200 beneficial holders of our common stock.

Dividends

We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and intend to retain our cash and future earnings, if any, to fund our business plan. The payment of cash dividends in the future will be dependent upon our revenue and earnings, if any, capital requirements and general financial condition. The payment of any dividends will be within the discretion of our board of directors.

Equity Plan Information

The following table gives information as of December 31, 2021 about shares of our common stock authorized for issuance under all of our equity compensation plans (in thousands, except for per share amounts):

Plan Category

Number of securities to
be issued upon exercise
of outstanding options,
warrants and rights

Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights

Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))

(a)

(c)

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders 1,3

1,204

$0.94

82

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders 2,3

22,011

0.39

1,898

Total

23,215

1,980

 

1.Includes our 2008 Equity Incentive Plan and our 2011 Long-Term Incentive Equity Plan.

2.Includes our 2019 Long-Term Incentive Plan.

3.The types of awards that may be issued under each of these plans is discussed more fully in Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.


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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 and the condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and notes to those statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Please see “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

Executive Overview

We are in the business of innovating fundamental wireless technologies and products. We have designed and developed proprietary RF technologies and integrated circuits based on those technologies and we license our technologies to others for use in wireless communication products. We have expended significant financial and other resources to research and develop our RF technologies and to obtain patent protection for those technologies in the U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions. We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others and therefore our business plan primarily consists of enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts. We currently have patent enforcement actions ongoing in various U.S. district courts against providers of mobile handsets, smart televisions and other WiFi products and, in certain cases, their chip suppliers for the infringement of a number of our RF patents. We have made significant investments in developing and protecting our technologies, the returns on which are dependent upon the generation of future revenues for realization.

In 2018, we restructured our operations to reduce operating expenses. As part of that restructuring, we made significant reductions in our investment in the development and marketing of a consumer distributed WiFi product line marketed under the brand name Milo®. Our cost reduction measures included the closure of our engineering design center in Lake Mary, Florida and a reduction in executive and management salaries. In early 2019, we ceased substantially all ongoing research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed resources to support our patent enforcement and product sales and support efforts. We ceased sales of our Milo products in the fourth quarter of 2019 and are currently focused exclusively on our patent enforcement litigation and licensing efforts.

We continue to aggressively pursue licensing opportunities with wireless communications companies that make, use or sell chipsets and/or products that incorporate RF. We believe there are a number of wireless communications companies that can benefit from the use of the RF technologies we have developed, whether through a license or, in certain cases, a joint product venture that may include licensing rights. Our licensing efforts to date have required litigation in order to enforce and/or defend our intellectual property rights. Since 2011, we have been involved in patent infringement litigation against Qualcomm and others for the unauthorized use of our technology. Refer to Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 12 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus for a complete discussion of our legal proceedings. We have expended significant resources since 2011 and incurred significant debt for the enforcement and defense of our intellectual property rights.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have incurred significant losses from operations and negative cash flows in every year since inception, largely as a result of our significant investments in developing and protecting our intellectual property.

Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

For the year ended December 31, 2020, we incurred a net loss of approximately $19.6 million and negative cash flows from operations of approximately $4.8 million. Our independent registered public accounting firm included in their audit report for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus for a discussion of our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern.

At December 31, 2020, we had a working capital deficit of approximately $3.8 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $421.4 million. Our working capital deficit is primarily the result of approximately $4.1 million in accounts payable related to outstanding litigation fees and expenses. Our working capital improved by $1.7 million from 2019 to 2020, primarily as the result of the increase in our cash and cash equivalents from debt and equity financings. Our use of cash for operations increased 42%, from $3.4 million in 2019 to $4.8 million in 2020. This increase is primarily the result of increased legal expenses associated with our patent enforcement efforts. Our operations in 2020 were primarily funded through approximately $6.0 million in proceeds from debt and equity financings, as well as $1.6 million received from the exercise of warrants. Comparatively, we received net proceeds of approximately $3.1 million from debt financings in 2019. We used $1.3 million and $1.2 million in cash to repay outstanding debt obligations in 2020 and 2019, respectively. These debt repayments were primarily related to a secured note payable with Mintz which had an outstanding balance of $0.03 million at December 31, 2020 and was repaid in full in the first quarter of 2021.

At December 31, 2020, we had approximately $0.19 million in current debt obligations, including $0.07 million related to a Paycheck Protection Program loan, which was forgiven in June 2021, based on the program criteria. This represents a decrease of $1.3 million from our current debt obligations at December 31, 2019. The decrease in our current debt repayment obligations is primarily the result of $1.2 million in repayments made on the Mintz note in 2020.

We had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $1.6 million at December 31, 2020. We received an additional $5.6 million in proceeds from debt and equity financings and warrant and option exercises in the first quarter of 2021, of which $3.0 million was used to settle outstanding accounts and notes payable for litigation costs.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we incurred a net loss of approximately $9.0 million, and negative cash flows from operations of approximately $6.9 million. At September 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $0.8 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $430.1 million. Additionally, a significant amount of future proceeds that we may receive from our patent enforcement and licensing programs will first be utilized to repay borrowings and legal fees and expenses under our contingent funding arrangements. These circumstances raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue to operate as a going concern for a period of one year following the issue date of our condensed consolidated interim financial statements. Note 2 to our condensed consolidated interim

23


financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus includes a discussion regarding our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern.

We used cash for operations of approximately $6.9 million and $4.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The increase in cash used for operations from 2020 to 2021 is primarily due to the use of approximately $4.1 million in cash for the reduction of accounts payables and accrued expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to a $1.3 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. This increase in use of cash is somewhat offset by a reduction in cash-based operating costs from 2020 to 2021. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we received aggregate net proceeds from the sale of debt and equity securities, including the exercise of outstanding options and warrants, of approximately $6.1 million compared to approximately $5.5 million in proceeds received for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. We repaid approximately $0.07 million and $1.3 million, respectively in debt obligations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.

Significant portions of our litigation costs to date have been funded by contingent payment arrangements with legal counsel. Fee discounts offered by legal counsel in exchange for contingent payments upon successful outcome in our litigation are not recognized in expense until such time that the related proceeds on which the contingent fees are payable are considered probable. Contingent fees vary based on each firm’s specific fee agreement. We currently have contingent fee arrangements in place for all of our active cases.

In addition to contingent fee arrangements with legal counsel, we have a contingent repayment obligation to Brickell that was recorded at its estimated fair value of $35.9 million at September 30, 2021. Brickell is entitled to a priority, prorated payment of up to 100% of proceeds received by us from funded patent-related actions up to a specified minimum return. Brickell’s minimum return is determined as a multiple of the outstanding funded amount that increases over time. The estimated minimum return due to Brickell if repaid in full at September 30, 2021 is approximately $47.2 million, an increase of approximately $5.2 million, or 12.3%, from the minimum return that would have been due to Brickell as of December 31, 2020. In addition, in 2020 we incurred unsecured contingent payment obligations in connection with various financings. These unsecured contingent payment obligations are recorded at an aggregate estimated fair value of $5.7 million at September 30, 2021, with a maximum payment obligation of $10.8 million.

Although current working capital will not be used to repay our contingent arrangements, based on our current outstanding legal proceedings, funding arrangements and contingent payment arrangements, we estimate that up to 100% of our initial future proceeds will be used to repay contingent payment arrangements until Brickell’s minimum return has been met. After repayment of Brickell’s minimum return, we estimate that 45% to 65% of estimated future proceeds from current actions could be payable to others, depending on the proceeding and the nature, amount and timing of proceeds, among other factors.

Patent enforcement litigation is costly and time-consuming and the outcome is difficult to predict. We expect to continue to invest in the support of our patent enforcement and licensing programs. All proceeds from litigation during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, were used to pay out-of-pocket legal expenses incurred by our counsel. Furthermore, we expect that revenue generated from patent enforcement actions and/or technology licenses through at least the first half of 2022, if any, after deduction of payment obligations to third-party litigation funders, legal counsel, and other investors, will not be sufficient to cover our operating expenses. Therefore, our current capital resources are not sufficient to meet our short-term liquidity needs and we will be required to seek additional capital.

24


Our ability to meet both our short-term and long-term liquidity needs, including our debt repayment obligations, is dependent upon (i) our ability to successfully negotiate licensing agreements and/or settlements relating to the use of our technologies by others in excess of our contingent payment obligations to third-party litigation funders, legal counsel, and other investors; (ii) our ability to control operating costs, and (iii) our ability to raise additional capital from the sale of debt or equity securities or other financing arrangements. Failure to generate sufficient revenues, raise additional capital through debt or equity financings or contingent fee arrangements, and/or reduce operating costs will have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our long-term liquidity needs and our ability to achieve our intended long-term business objectives.

Financial Condition

Intangible Assets

We consider our intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets to be significant to our business. Our intangible assets are pledged as security for our secured contingent payment obligation with Brickell and our secured note payable with our litigation counsel. The net book value of our intangible assets was approximately $1.9 million and $2.2 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. These assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit, generally fifteen to twenty years. The decrease in the carrying value of our intangible assets is primarily the result of patent amortization expense recognized in 2021 as our portfolio matures. Management evaluates the recoverability of intangible assets periodically and takes into account events or circumstances that may warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that may indicate impairment exists. As part of our ongoing patent maintenance program, we may, from time to time, abandon a particular patent if we determine fees to maintain the patent exceed its expected recoverability. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020, we incurred losses of approximately $0.01 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the write-off of specific patent assets. These losses are included in operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

Contingent Payment Obligations

We have secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations recorded at an aggregate estimated fair value of $41.7 million and $38.3 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. These repayment obligations are contingent upon receipt of proceeds from patent enforcement and other patent monetization actions. As a result, we have elected to account for these contingent payment obligations at their estimated fair values which are subject to significant estimates and assumptions as discussed in “Critical Accounting Policies” below. Refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 11 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus for a discussion of the fair value measurement of our contingent payment obligation.

Our secured contingent payment obligation is payable to Brickell under a 2016 funding agreement, as amended from time to time. Brickell has a right to reimbursement and compensation from gross proceeds resulting from patent enforcement and other patent monetization actions on a priority basis. The amount of our obligation varies based on the magnitude, timing and nature of proceeds received by us.

In addition, in 2020 and 2021, we incurred unsecured contingent payment obligations in connection with various funding arrangements. The contingent payment obligations are payable from our share of patent-related proceeds after satisfaction of our obligation to Brickell and payment of contingent fees to legal

25


counsel.

The $3.4 million increase in estimated fair value of our contingent payment obligations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is the result of $0.4 million in new unsecured payment obligations incurred and an $3.0 million increase in the estimated fair value of the contingent obligations.

Notes Payable

As of September 30, 2021, we had approximately $0.7 in notes payable consisting of an unsecured promissory note payable to Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein, & Fox, PLLC (“SKGF”), a related party. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $1.0 million in notes payable, including the SKGF note of approximately $0.8 million, a secured promissory note payable to Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C. (“Mintz”) of $0.03 million, and a loan from the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of approximately $0.2 million. Failure to comply with the payment terms of each of these notes constitutes an event of default which, if uncured, will result in the entire unpaid principal balance of the note and any unpaid, accrued interest to become immediately due and payable. In addition, an event of default results in an increase in the interest rate under the SKGF and Mintz notes to a default rate of 12% per annum. We were in default on the payment provisions of the Mintz note since November 2019 and, accordingly, accrued interest at the default rate. In March 2021, we settled our outstanding obligations with Mintz and Mintz waived all past defaults on the note which has been paid in full. In addition, in April 2021 we applied for forgiveness of the PPP loan and the loan was forgiven in June 2021. Notes payable are discussed more fully in Note 10 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus.

Deferred Tax Assets and Related Valuation Allowance

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Valuation allowances are established to reduce deferred tax assets when, based on available objective evidence, it is more likely than not that the benefit of such assets will not be realized. As of December 31, 2020, we had net deferred tax assets of approximately $94 million, primarily related to our NOL carryforwards, which were fully offset by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty related to realization of these assets through future taxable income. In addition, our ability to benefit from our NOL and other tax credit carryforwards could be limited under Section 382 as more fully discussed in Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.

Results of Operations for Each of the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

Revenues and Gross Margin

Licensing revenue was $0.14 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. We reported no licensing revenue for the three or nine-month periods ended September 30, 2020. We entered into patent licensing and settlement agreements with Buffalo, Inc. (“Buffalo”) and Zyxel Communications Corporation (“Zyxel”) in May 2021 and September 2021, respectively. We recognized revenue from these contracts during the three months ended September 30, 2021 when the parties performance obligations were met. The revenue from these agreements was fully offset against out-of-pocket expenses, included in selling, general and administrative expenses, incurred under our contingent fee agreements and therefore did not impact our cash flows. Although we do anticipate additional revenue to result from our licensing agreements and patent enforcement actions, the amount and timing is highly unpredictable and there can be no assurance that we will achieve our anticipated results.

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Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of litigation fees and expenses, personnel and related costs, including share-based compensation, for executive, Board, finance and accounting and technical support personnel for our patent enforcement program, and costs incurred for insurance and outside professional fees for accounting, legal and business consulting services.

Our selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $0.6 million, or 40%, during the three months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the same period in 2020. This is primarily the result of a $0.5 million increase in share-based compensation for the comparable periods.

Our selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by approximately $3.1 million, or 34%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the same period in 2020. This decrease results, in part, from a number of one-time, noncash charges in 2020 including $1.8 million associated with an amendment to certain warrant agreements, $0.4 million from an amendment to our March 2020 equity transactions and $0.2 million for impairment of the right-of-use asset associated with our Lake Mary lease. In addition, our litigation fees and expenses decreased by approximately $2.3 million as a result of the stay in the Qualcomm case in Jacksonville, Florida. These decreases were partially offset by a $1.6 million increase in share-based compensation for the comparable periods.

The increase in our share-based compensation for both the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2021 is the result of share-based compensation expense attributed to nonqualified stock options awarded to executives, key employees and nonemployee directors in January 2021 as more fully discussed in Note 14 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2021, we had $3.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to all non-vested share-based compensation awards that is expected to be recognized over a period of approximately 1.25 years.

Change in Fair Value of Contingent Payment Obligations

We have elected to measure our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations at fair value which is based on significant unobservable inputs. We estimated the fair value of our secured contingent payment obligations using a probability-weighted income approach based on the estimated present value of projected future cash outflows using a risk-adjusted discount rate. Increases or decreases in the significant unobservable inputs could result in significant increases or decreases in fair value. Generally, changes in fair value are a result of changes in estimated amounts and timing of projected future cash flows due to increases in funded amounts, passage of time, and changes in the probabilities based on the status of the funded actions.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recorded an aggregate increase in the fair value of our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations of approximately $3.0 million, compared to an increase of approximately $3.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The change in fair value for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 included a $1.4 million increase in the fair value of unsecured payment obligations resulting from a termination fee due on a failed litigation funding arrangement incurred in March 2020.

Results of Operations for Each of the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

Revenues and Gross Margins

We reported no licensing revenue for the years ended December 31, 2020 or 2019. Although we do

27


anticipate licensing revenue and/or settlement gains to result from our licensing and patent enforcement actions, the amount and timing is highly unpredictable and there can be no assurance that we will achieve our anticipated results.

We reported no product revenue during the year ended December 31, 2020 and minimal product revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019, from the sales of our Milo-branded products.  We discontinued sales of Milo products in the fourth quarter of 2019 and recognized an impairment charge for our remaining inventory, resulting in negative gross margins on our product sales.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of engineering and related management and support personnel costs; fees for outside engineering design services which we use from time to time to supplement our internal resources; depreciation expenses related to certain assets used in product development; prototype production and materials costs for both chips and end-user products; software licensing and support costs, which represent the annual licensing and support maintenance for engineering design and other software tools; and rent and other overhead costs for our engineering design facility. Personnel costs include share-based compensation which represents the grant date fair value of equity-based awards to our employees which is attributed to expense over the service period of the award. Subsequent to March 31, 2019, we halted substantially all research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed prior engineering resources to support our patent enforcement programs or our Milo sales and support.

The $0.3 million decrease in research and development expenses from 2019 to 2020 is primarily the result of $0.2 million in personnel and related costs being repurposed for selling, general and administrative purposes, including litigation support and Milo sales and support as well as a $0.1 million reduction in research and development personnel costs.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of executive, director, sales and marketing, and finance and administrative personnel costs, including share-based compensation, costs incurred for advertising, insurance, shareholder relations and outside legal and professional services, including litigation expenses, and amortization and maintenance expenses related to our patent assets.

Our selling, general and administrative expenses were approximately $10.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to approximately $7.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, representing an increase of approximately $3.1 million or 41%. This increase is primarily due to the recognition of $2.2 million in noncash charges upon amendment of equity-related agreements. In addition, we had a $1.3 million increase in litigation expenses primarily related to preparation of the infringement case against Qualcomm and Apple in Florida in early 2020 and a $0.6 million increase in share-based compensation due to executive and Board equity awards granted in August 2019 and the first quarter of 2020.  These increases were somewhat offset by a decrease of $0.3 million in board compensation expenses due to the reversal of prior board compensation expense upon the settlement of previously accrued board fees in exchange for equity based awards in 2020, a decrease of $0.2 million in rent and related overhead due to the down-sizing of our corporate headquarters in July 2019, and a decrease in depreciation and amortization of $0.3 million resulting from lower cost bases of fixed assets and patents following disposals during 2019 and 2020.

Change in Fair Value of Contingent Payment Obligations

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We have elected to measure our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations at fair value which is based on significant unobservable inputs.  We estimated the fair value of our secured contingent payment obligations using a probability-weighted income approach based on the estimated present value of projected future cash outflows using a risk-adjusted discount rate.  Increases or decreases in the significant unobservable inputs could result in significant increases or decreases in fair value.



For the year ended December 31, 2020, we recorded an increase in the fair value of our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations of approximately $8.4 million.  The change in fair value estimates are a result of changes in estimated amounts and timing of projected future cash flows primarily due to the passage of time and changes in the probabilities of future cash outflows based on the status of the funded actions.  In addition, in 2020, increases in fair value resulted from the sharp decrease in the risk-free interest rate used in the calculation as a result of the Federal Reserve lowering rates to stimulate economic activity amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.

Critical Accounting Policies

We believe that the following are critical accounting policies and estimates that significantly impact the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:

Revenue

We have an active monitoring and enforcement program with respect to our intellectual property rights that includes seeking appropriate compensation from third parties that utilize or have utilized our intellectual property without a license. As a result, we may receive payments as part of a settlement or in the form of court-awarded damages for a patent infringement dispute. We recognize such payments as revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”

Contingent Payment Obligations

We have accounted for our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations as long-term debt. Our repayment obligations are contingent upon the receipt of proceeds from patent enforcement or other patent monetization actions. We have elected to measure our contingent payment obligations at their estimated fair values based on the variable and contingent nature of the repayment provisions. We have determined that the fair value of our secured and unsecured contingent payment obligations falls within Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy, which involves significant estimates and assumptions including projected future patent-related proceeds and the risk-adjusted rate for discounting future cash flows. Actual results could differ from the estimates made. Changes in fair value, including the component related to imputed interest, are included in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss under the heading “Change in fair value of contingent payment obligations.” Refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 11 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus for a discussion of the significant estimates and assumptions used in estimating the fair value of our contingent payment obligations.

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Accounting for Share-Based Compensation

We calculate the fair value of share-based equity awards to employees, including restricted stock, stock options and restricted stock units (“RSUs”), on the date of grant and recognize the calculated fair value as compensation expense over the requisite service periods of the related awards. The fair value of stock option awards is determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model that requires the use of highly subjective assumptions and estimates including how long employees will retain their stock options before exercising them and the volatility of our common stock price over the expected life of the equity award. Changes in these subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of share-based compensation and consequently, the related amount recognized as expense in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06 "Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity."  This ASU simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current U.S. GAAP.   Consequently, more convertible debt instruments will be reported as a single liability instrument with no separate accounting for embedded conversion features. The ASU removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, which will permit more equity contracts to qualify for the exception.  The ASU also simplifies the diluted earnings per share (EPS) calculation in certain areas. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 for accelerated filers and for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years, for smaller reporting companies. Early adoption is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020.  The ASU provides for a modified retrospective method of adoption whereby the guidance is applied to transactions outstanding at the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption with the cumulative effect of the change being recorded as an adjustment to beginning retained earnings. We adopted ASU 2020-06 as of January 1, 2021 which resulted in an increase to our long-term debt of approximately $0.8 million, a decrease in additional paid-in-capital of approximately $1.1 million and an adjustment to our beginning retained deficit of $0.3 million resulting from the elimination of the previously recognized beneficial conversion feature as a debt discount.

Off-Balance Sheet Transactions

As of September 30, 2021, we had outstanding warrants to purchase 9.8 million shares of our common stock. The estimated grant date fair value of these warrants of approximately $2.8 million is included in shareholders’ deficit in our condensed consolidated interim balance sheets as of September 30, 2021. The outstanding warrants have an average exercise price of $0.73 per share and a weighted average remaining life of approximately 3.2 years.


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DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

We are in the business of innovating fundamental wireless technologies and products. We have designed and developed proprietary RF technologies and integrated circuits and license those technologies to others for use in wireless communication products.

We have designed and developed proprietary RF technologies and integrated circuits based on those technologies and we license our technologies to others for use in wireless communication products. We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others and therefore the primary focus of our business plan is the enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts. We currently have patent enforcement actions ongoing in various U.S. district courts against mobile handset providers and providers of smart televisions and other WiFi products and, in certain cases, their chip suppliers for the infringement of several of our RF patents. We have made significant investments in developing and protecting our technologies, the returns on which are dependent upon the generation of future revenues for realization.

In 2018, we restructured our operations to reduce operating expenses in light of our limited capital resources. As part of that restructuring, we made significant reductions in our investment in the development and marketing of a consumer distributed WiFi product line marketed under the brand name Milo®. In early 2019, we ceased substantially all ongoing research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed resources to support our patent enforcement and product sales and support efforts. We ceased sales of our Milo products in the fourth quarter of 2019 and are currently focused exclusively on our patent enforcement litigation and licensing efforts.

We spent much of 2020 supporting our two patent infringement cases against Qualcomm and others that were scheduled for jury trials in Florida in 2020. In 2020, the jury trial scheduled in Jacksonville, Florida was stayed pending the outcome of the Qualcomm case in Orlando, Florida. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Orlando trial was rescheduled for mid-year 2021 and subsequently the trial was further delayed. Currently, we are awaiting the court’s rulings on several pre-trial motions, following which the court has indicated it will set a trial schedule. In 2020, we filed a number of cases in Texas against alleged infringers of our patented technologies. We entered into patent license and settlement agreements with two of the Texas defendants, Buffalo and Zyxel, in 2021. We anticipate two or three jury trials in Texas in 2022 with the first scheduled against Intel in June 2022. See “Legal Proceedings” in Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 12 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus for a detailed description of our various patent enforcement actions.

A significant portion of our litigation costs have been funded under a secured contingent payment arrangement with Brickell, contingent arrangements with legal counsel, and various debt and equity financings. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis Financial Condition and Results of Operations for a full discussion of our litigation funding arrangements and our equity and debt financings.

Products and Licenses

We currently have license agreements with Samsung, Buffalo and Zyxel for the use of our technologies. Each of these licenses was the result of a patent license and settlement agreement following initiation of patent infringement actions by us.

We produced and sold consumer WiFi products, under the tradename Milo, from 2017 to 2019. These products offered a cost-effective networking system to enhance WiFi connectivity by effectively

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distributing the WiFi signal from existing routers and modems throughout a broader coverage area. We marketed these products primarily to consumers through Amazon.com and other online outlets, including our own direct-to-consumer online retail site. We ceased sales of these WiFi products in 2019 following a reduction in operating costs.

RF Technologies

Our RF technologies enable highly accurate transmission and reception of RF carriers at low power, thereby enabling extended battery life, and certain size, cost, performance, and packaging advantages.

We believe the most significant hurdle to the licensing and/or sale of our technologies and related products is the widespread use of certain of our technologies in infringing products produced by companies with significantly greater financial, technical, sales, and marketing resources. We believe we can gain adoption and/or secure licensing agreements with unauthorized current users of one or more of our technologies, and therefore compete, based on a solid and defensible patent portfolio and the advantages enabled by our unique circuit architectures.

Patents and Trademarks

We consider our intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, trademarks, and trade secrets to be significant to our business plan. We have a program to file applications for and obtain patents, copyrights, and trademarks in the U.S. and in selected foreign countries where we believe filing for such protection is appropriate to establish and maintain our proprietary rights in our technology and products. As of September 30, 2021, we had approximately 85 active U.S. and foreign patents related to our RF technologies. In addition, we have a number of recently expired patents that we believe continue to have significant economic value as a result of our ability to assert past damages in our patent enforcement actions. We estimate the economic lives of our patents to be the shorter of fifteen years from issuance or twenty years from the earliest application date. Our current portfolio of issued patents have expirations ranging from 2021 to 2036.

Employees

As of December 31, 2021, we had seven full-time employees and one part-time employee. We also outsource certain specialty services, such as information technology, and utilize contract staff and third-party consultants from time to time to supplement our workforce. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining agreements and we consider our employee relations to be satisfactory.

We have taken measures to protect our workforce in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including optional remote worksites for all of our employees beginning in April 2020. Our management, with the oversight of our board of directors, monitors the hiring, retention and management of our employees.

Available Information and Access to Reports

We file annual reports on Forms 10-K, quarterly reports on Forms 10-Q, proxy statements and other reports, including any amendments thereto, electronically with the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) where these reports may be obtained at no charge. We also make copies of these reports available, free of charge through our website (http://www.parkervision.com) via the link “SEC filings” as soon as practicable after filing or furnishing such materials with the SEC.

Properties

Until the expiration of our lease in October 2020, our headquarters were located in a 3,000 square foot

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leased facility in Jacksonville, Florida. Beginning in November 2020, we reverted to remote worksites for all of our employees in light of the pandemic. We believe a remote work environment is currently suitable for the conduct of our business. We have an additional 7,000 square foot leased facility in Lake Mary, Florida that was primarily for engineering design activities. We ceased use of the Lake Mary facility in 2018 and secured a sublease tenant in 2021 for the duration of the lease term through November 2022. Refer to Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 9 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus for information regarding our outstanding lease obligations.

Legal Proceedings

We are a party to a number of patent enforcement actions initiated by us against others for the infringement of our technologies, as well as proceedings brought by others against us in an attempt to invalidate certain of our patent claims. These patent-related proceedings are more fully described in Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements and Note 12 to our condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 included elsewhere in this prospectus.


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DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Directors

Our Board is divided into three classes with only one class of directors typically being elected in each year and each class serving a three-year term. Our current directors, including their backgrounds and qualifications are as follows:

Name

Age

Position with the Company

Frank N. Newman

79

Class II Director, Audit Committee Member

Jeffrey L. Parker

65

Class I Director, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

Paul A. Rosenbaum

79

Class III Director, Audit Committee Chair

Robert G. Sterne

70

Class III Director

 

Frank N. Newman

Frank Newman has been a director of ours since December 2016 and a member of our audit committee since April 2020. Mr. Newman has been the chief executive officer and co-founder of PathGuard, Inc. (or its predecessors), a company offering hardware-based cybersecurity, since 2015. From 2011 until December 2018, Mr. Newman served as chairman of Promontory Financial Group China Ltd., an advisory group for financial institutions and corporations in China. From 2005 to 2010, he served as chairman and chief executive officer of Shenzhen Development Bank, a national bank in China. Prior to 2005, Mr. Newman served as chairman, president, and chief executive officer of Bankers Trust and chief financial officer of Bank of America and Wells Fargo Bank. Mr. Newman served as Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Treasury from 1994 to 1995 and as Under Secretary of Domestic Finance from 1993 to 1994. He has authored two books and several articles on economic matters, published in the U.S., mainland China, and Hong Kong. Mr. Newman has served as director of Aspirational Consumer Lifestyle Corp (NYSE: ASPL), a special purpose acquisition company, since September 2020. He also serves as audit committee chair and a member of the compensation committee for ASPL. Mr. Newman has previously served as a director for major public companies in the U.S., United Kingdom, and China, and as a member of the Board of Trustees of Carnegie Hall. He earned his BA, magna cum laude, in economics at Harvard. Mr. Newman brings a substantial knowledge of international banking and business relationships to the Board. His financial background adds an important expertise to the Board with regard to financing future business opportunities.

Jeffrey L. Parker

Jeffrey Parker has been the Chairman of our Board and our Chief Executive Officer since our inception in August 1989 and was our president from April 1993 to June 1998. From March 1983 to August 1989, Mr. Parker served as executive vice president for Parker Electronics, Inc., a joint venture partner with Carrier Corporation performing research, development, manufacturing, and sales and marketing for the heating, ventilation and air conditioning industry. Mr. Parker is a named inventor on 31 U.S. patents. Among other qualifications, as Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Parker has relevant insight into our operations, our industry, and related risks as well as experience bringing disruptive technologies to market.

Paul A. Rosenbaum

Paul A. Rosenbaum has been a director of ours since December 2016 and a member of our audit committee since September 2018. Mr. Rosenbaum has extensive experience as a director and executive officer for both public and private companies in a number of industries. Since 1994, Mr. Rosenbaum has served as chief executive of SWR Corporation, a privately-held corporation that designs, sells, and markets specialty industrial chemicals. In September 2017, Mr. Rosenbaum was appointed to the Board of Commissioners for the Oregon Liquor Control Commission and has served as chairman since March

34


2018. Since 2009, Mr. Rosenbaum has been a member of the Providence St. Vincent Medical Foundation Council of Trustees, and previously served as president of the Council. In addition, from September 2000 until June 2009, Mr. Rosenbaum served as chairman and chief executive officer of Rentrak Corporation (“Rentrak”), a Nasdaq publicly traded company that provides transactional media measurement and analytical services to the entertainment and media industry. From June 2009 until July 2011, Mr. Rosenbaum served in a non-executive capacity as chairman of Rentrack. From 2007 until 2016, Mr. Rosenbaum served on the Board of Commissioners for the Port of Portland, including as vice chairman from 2012 to 2016. Mr. Rosenbaum was chief partner in the Rosenbaum Law Center from 1978 to 2000 and served in the Michigan Legislature from 1972 to 1978, during which time he chaired the Michigan House Judiciary Committee, was legal counsel to the Speaker of the House of the state of Michigan and wrote and sponsored the Michigan Administrative Procedures Act. Additionally, Mr. Rosenbaum served on the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, as vice chairman of the Criminal Justice and Consumer Affairs Committee of the National Conference of State Legislatures, and on a committee of the Michigan Supreme Court responsible for reviewing local court rules. Among other qualifications, Mr. Rosenbaum has extensive experience as a director and executive officer of a publicly held corporation and has relevant insights into operations and our litigation strategies.

Robert G. Sterne

Robert Sterne has been a director of ours since September 2006 and also served as a director of ours from February 2000 to June 2003. Since 1978, Mr. Sterne has been a partner of the law firm of Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein & Fox PLLC, specializing in patent and other intellectual property law. Mr. Sterne provides legal services to us as one of our patent and intellectual property attorneys. Mr. Sterne has co-authored numerous publications related to patent litigation strategies. He has received multiple awards for contributions to intellectual property law including Law 360’s 2016 Top 25 Icons of IP and the Financial Times 2015 Top 10 Legal Innovators in North America. Among other qualifications, Mr. Sterne has an in-depth knowledge of our intellectual property portfolio and patent strategies and is considered a leader in best practices and board responsibilities concerning intellectual property.

Director Independence

We follow the rules of Nasdaq in determining if a director is independent. The Board also consults with our counsel to ensure that the Board’s determination is consistent with those rules and all relevant securities and other laws and regulations regarding the independence of directors. The Board has affirmatively determined that Messrs. Newman, Rosenbaum, and Sterne are independent directors.

Information About Our Executive Officers

Our current executive officers are as follows:

Name

Age

Position with the Company

Jeffrey Parker

65

Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”)

Cynthia French

55

Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary (“CFO”)

 

The background for Mr. Jeffrey Parker is included above under the heading “Directors”.

Cynthia French (formerly Poehlman)

Cynthia French has been our chief financial officer since June 2004 and our corporate secretary since August 2007. From March 1994 to June 2004, Ms. French was our controller and our chief accounting officer. Ms. French has been a certified public accountant in the state of Florida since 1989.

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Former Executive Officers

Messrs. David Sorrells and Gregory Rawlins both served as our Chief Technology Officers (“CTO”) through March 2020, at which time, given our reduced scope of operations, in particular our research and development activities, our Board determined to eliminate the Chief Technology Officer role. Both Mr. Sorrells and Mr. Rawlins remain employed by us in technical support roles.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships among our officers or directors.


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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Summary Compensation Table

The following table summarizes the total compensation of each of our “named executive officers” as defined in Item 402(m) of Regulation S-K (the “Executives”) for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020. Given the complexity of disclosure requirements concerning executive compensation, and in particular with respect to the standards of financial accounting and reporting related to equity compensation, there is a difference between the compensation that is reported in this table versus that which is actually paid to and received by the Executives. The amounts in the Summary Compensation Table that reflect the full grant date fair value of an equity award, do not necessarily correspond to the actual value that has been realized or will be realized in the future with respect to these awards.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

Name and Principal Position

Year

Salary
($)

Bonus ($)

Stock Awards
($)(2)

Option Awards
($)(2)

All Other
($)

Total
($)

Jeffrey Parker, CEO

2021

$

260,000

$

-

$

-

$

3,640,000

$

24,000

3

$

3,924,000

2020

270,000

-

99,000

-

24,923

3

393,923

Cynthia French, CFO

2021

180,000

-

-

455,000

-

635,000

2020

186,923

-

-

42,750

-

229,673

David Sorrells, Former CTO 4

2020

176,150

-

49,500

-

-

225,650

Gregory Rawlins, Former CTO Heathrow 4

2020

207,692

-

49,500

-

-

257,192

 

1.There were 27 biweekly pay periods in 2020 compared to 26 in 2021 resulting in the decrease in reported base salaries.

2.The amounts represented in columns (e) and (f) represents the full grant date fair value of equity awards in accordance with ASC 718. Refer to Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 included elsewhere in this prospectus for the assumptions made in the valuation of equity awards.

3.Represents an automobile allowance in the amount of $24,000, paid biweekly. The additional amount in 2020 is the result of 27 pay periods in 2020 compared to 26 in 2021.

4.The CTO roles were eliminated in March 2020 by our Board.

In February 2020, our Board approved equity awards under our 2019 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”) including 300,000 RSUs to Mr. Parker, 150,000 RSUs to each of Messrs. Rawlins and Sorrells and 150,000 share options at an exercise price of $0.33 per share to Ms. French. These awards vest over five quarters through May 2021. These awards were, in part, in consideration of continuing voluntary salary reductions by our Executives.

In January 2021, the Board approved equity awards under the 2019 Plan including nonqualified stock options for the purchase of up to 8,000,000 shares at an exercise price of $0.54 per share to Mr. Parker and nonqualified stock options for the purchase of up to 1,000,000 shares at an exercise price of $0.54 to Ms. French. These options vest over eight equal quarterly increments commencing March 31, 2021 and expiring on January 11, 2026. These awards were awarded as long-term incentive to our executives and took into consideration the longevity of their tenure with us, the continuation of their base compensation at a 20% reduced pay rate since 2018 and in recognition of the key role each holds in the organization.

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We do not have employment agreements with any of our Executives. We have non-compete arrangements in place with all of our employees, including our Executives, that impose post-termination restrictions on (i) employment or consultation with competing companies or customers, (ii) recruiting or hiring employees for a competing company, and (iii) soliciting or accepting business from our customers. We also have a tax-qualified defined contribution 401(k) plan for all of our employees, including our Executives. We did not make any employer contributions to the 401(k) plan in 2021 or 2020.

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End

The following table summarizes information concerning the outstanding equity awards, including unexercised options, unvested stock and equity incentive awards, as of December 31, 2021 for each of our Executives:

Option Awards

Stock Awards

Number of
securities
underlying
unexercised
options
(#)
exercisable

Number of
securities
underlying
unexercised
options
(#)
unexercisable

Option
Exercise
Price
($)