Company Quick10K Filing
PermRock Royalty Trust
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 0 $0
10-Q 2019-11-14 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-08-14 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-05-15 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-04-01 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-14 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-08-14 Quarter: 2018-06-30
S-1 2018-04-06 Public Filing
10-Q 2018-06-15 Quarter: 2018-03-31
8-K 2020-03-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-02-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-12-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-11-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-09-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-29 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-15 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-19 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-09 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-04 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-04 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-04 Enter Agreement, Sale of Shares, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-01 Enter Agreement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
PRT 2019-09-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Trustee's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 d816332dex311.htm
EX-32.1 d816332dex321.htm

PermRock Royalty Trust Earnings 2019-09-30

PRT 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
CHKR
CRT
SJT
VAL
ERF
ROYT
PRT
SSL 469,968 0 0 0 0 -0 0%
MTR
CNQ

10-Q 1 d816332d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to

Commission File Number: 001-38472

 

 

PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

(Exact name of registrant as specified in the

Amended and Restated Trust Agreement of PermRock Royalty Trust)

 

 

 

Delaware   82-6725102

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

Simmons Bank, Trustee

P.O. Box 470727

Fort Worth, Texas

  76147
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(855) 588-7839

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Units of Beneficial Interest   PRT   New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company       

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

As of November 14, 2019, 12,165,732 trust units representing beneficial interests in PermRock Royalty Trust were outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Glossary of Terms

     1  
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

ITEM 1.

  Financial Statements      2  
  CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS      3  
  CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME (UNAUDITED)      4  
  CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS (UNAUDITED)      5  
  NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)      6  

ITEM 2.

  Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      10  

ITEM 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      18  

ITEM 4.

  Controls and Procedures      18  
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION  

ITEM 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     20  

ITEM 6.

 

Exhibits

     20  
 

SIGNATURE

     21  

 

 

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Glossary of Terms

 

Bbl    Barrel (of oil).
Boe    One barrel of crude oil equivalent.
differential    The difference between a benchmark price of oil and natural gas, such as the NYMEX crude oil spot, and the wellhead price received.
distributable income    An amount paid to Trust unitholders equal to the net profits income received by the Trust during a given period plus interest, less the expenses and payment of liabilities of the Trust, adjusted by any changes in cash reserves.
GAAP    United States generally accepted accounting principles.
MBbl    One thousand barrels of crude oil or condensate.
MBoe    One thousand barrels of crude oil equivalent.
Mcf    One thousand cubic feet (of natural gas).
MMcf    One million cubic feet (of natural gas).
natural gas liquids (NGL)    Those hydrocarbons that are separated from the gas as liquids through the process of absorption, condensation, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants.
net acres    The sum of the fractional working interests owned by a given operator in gross acres.
net profits    Gross profits received by Boaz Energy from the sale of production from the Underlying Properties, less applicable costs, as provided in the Conveyance.
net profits income    Net profits multiplied by the net profits percentage of 80%, which is paid to the Trust by Boaz Energy. “Net profits income” is referred to as “royalty income” for tax reporting purposes.
Net Profits Interest    An interest in an oil and natural gas property measured by net profits from the sale of production, rather than a specific portion of production. An 80% net profits interest was conveyed to the Trust entitling the Trust to receive 80% of the net profits from the Underlying Properties.
NYMEX    The New York Mercantile Exchange is a commodity futures exchange that quotes prices for transactions which are the prices paid for various commodities, including oil and natural gas, throughout the world.
Trust units    Trust units representing beneficial interests in the Trust.
Underlying Properties    The interest in certain oil and natural gas properties from which the Net Profits Interest was conveyed by Boaz Energy. The Underlying Properties include working interests in oil and natural gas producing properties located in the Permian Basin in Texas.
working interest    An operating interest in an oil and natural gas property that provides the owner a specified share of production that is subject to all production expense and development costs.


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.

Financial Statements

The condensed financial statements included herein are presented without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, and Simmons Bank, as Trustee (the “Trustee”), believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These condensed interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K (“2018 Annual Report”). In the opinion of the Trustee, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the assets, liabilities and Trust corpus of PermRock Royalty Trust at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, and the distributable income and changes in Trust corpus for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018 have been included. Distributable income for such interim periods is not necessarily indicative of distributable income for the full year.

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

 

     September 30,
2019

(unaudited)
     December 31, 2018  

ASSETS

     

Cash and short-term investments

   $ 1,151,786      $ 1,394,128  

Receivable from Boaz Energy

     0        10  

Net Profits Interest(1)

     89,679,296        92,186,166  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $  90,831,082      $  93,580,304  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

     

Distribution payable to unitholders

   $ 851,786      $ 1,394,128  

Cash reserves(2)

     300,000        0  

Trust corpus

     89,679,296        92,186,176  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

   $ 90,831,082      $ 93,580,304  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

See Note 2 to condensed financial statements for further discussion of the Net Profits Interest.

(2)

The Trustee is authorized to retain cash from distributions received by the Trust in an amount not to exceed $1.0 million to be used in the event that cash on hand is not sufficient to pay ordinary course administrative expenses and to provide for future liabilities of the Trust. Pursuant to the Trust Agreement (as defined in Note 1 to condensed financial statements below), as of September 30, 2019, since the cash reserves are less than $1.0 million, the Trust continues to rely upon the Letter of Credit provided by Boaz Energy and described in Note 4 to condensed financial statements below.

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months
Ended September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2019     2018     2019     2018  

Net profits income

   $  2,950,430     $  4,497,974     $  8,414,422     $  12,430,914  

Interest income

     3,007       3,320       7,663       6,291  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 2,953,437     $ 4,501,294     $ 8,422,085     $ 12,437,205  

Expenditures – general and administrative

     (237,111     (206,068     (849,246     (470,438

Interest received but not distributed

     0       (1,029       (1,029

Cash reserves (1)

     (160,000     0       (300,000     0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Distributable income

   $ 2,556,326     $ 4,294,197     $ 7,272,839     $ 11,965,738  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Distributable income per unit(2)

   $ 0.210124     $ 0.352975     $ 0.597812     $ 0.983560  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

The Trustee is authorized to retain cash from distributions received by the Trust in an amount not to exceed $1.0 million to be used in the event that cash on hand is not sufficient to pay ordinary course administrative expenses and to provide for future liabilities of the Trust. Pursuant to the Trust Agreement (as defined in Note 1 to condensed financial statements below), as of September 30, 2019, since the cash reserves are less than $1.0 million, the Trust continues to rely upon the Letter of Credit provided by Boaz Energy and described in Note 4 to condensed financial statements below.

(2)

Based on 12,165,732 Trust units issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2019.

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS (UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months
Ended September 30,
    Nine Months
Ended September 30,
 
     2019     2018     2019     2018  

Trust corpus, beginning of period

   $  90,613,238     $  93,158,007     $  92,186,176     $ 10  

Conveyance of Net Profits Interest

     0       0       0       95,809,136  

Amortization of Net Profits Interest

     (933,942     (1,829,750     (2,506,880     (4,480,889

Distributable income

   $ 2,556,326     $ 4,294,197     $ 7,272,839     $ 11,965,738  

Distributions declared

     (2,556,326     (4,294,197     (7,272,839     (11,965,738
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Trust corpus, end of period

   $ 89,679,296     $ 91,328,257     $ 89,679,296     $ 91,328,257  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1.

Organization of Trust

PermRock Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) is a Delaware statutory trust formed on November 22, 2017 under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act pursuant to a trust agreement dated November 22, 2017, as amended and restated on May 4, 2018, by and among Boaz Energy II, LLC (“Boaz Energy”), as trustor, Simmons Bank, as Trustee (the “Trustee”), and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Delaware Trustee (the “Delaware Trustee”) (such amended and restated trust agreement, as amended to date, the “Trust Agreement”).

The Trust was created to acquire and hold the Net Profits Interest for the benefit of the Trust unitholders. In connection with the closing of the initial public offering of Trust units, on May 4, 2018, Boaz Energy conveyed the Net Profits Interest to the Trust in exchange for Trust units pursuant to a conveyance agreement between Boaz Energy, the Trustee and the Delaware Trustee (the “Conveyance”). The Net Profits Interest represents an interest in the Underlying Properties.

The Net Profits Interest entitles the Trust to receive 80% of the net profits from the sale of oil and natural gas production from the Underlying Properties. The Net Profits Interest is passive in nature and neither the Trust nor the Trustee has any control over, or responsibility for, costs relating to the operation of the Underlying Properties. The Trust has and will continue to make monthly cash distributions of all of its monthly cash receipts, after deduction of fees and expenses for the administration of the Trust and any cash reserves, to holders of its Trust units as of the applicable record date on or before the 10th business day after the record date. Distributions generally relate to sales from a one-month period.

The Trustee may deposit funds awaiting distribution in an account with an FDIC-insured or national bank, including the Trustee, if the interest paid to the Trust at least equals amounts paid by the Trustee on similar deposits, and make other short-term investments with the funds distributed to the Trust.

In May 2018, Boaz Energy completed an initial public offering of 6,250,000 of its Trust units.

 

2.

Trust Significant Accounting Policies

 

a.

Basis of Accounting

The Trust uses the modified cash basis of accounting to report Trust receipts of the Net Profits Interest and payments of expenses incurred. The Net Profits Interest represents the right to receive revenues (primarily oil and natural gas sales), less direct operating expenses, lease operating expenses, severance and ad valorem taxes and development expenses of the Underlying Properties, multiplied by 80%, less any payments made or plus any payments received in connection with the settlement of certain hedge contracts. Cash distributions of the Trust are made based on the amount of cash received by the Trust pursuant to terms of the Conveyance creating the Net Profits Interest.

The financial statements of the Trust, as prepared on a modified cash basis, reflect the Trust’s assets, liabilities, Trust corpus, earnings and distributions as follows:

 

   

Income from the Net Profits Interest is recorded when distributions are received by the Trust;

 

   

Distributions to Trust unitholders are recorded when declared by the Trust;

 

   

Trust general and administrative expenses (which includes the Trustee’s fees as well as accounting, printing, engineering, legal, tax advisory and other professional fees) are recorded when paid; cash reserves for Trust expenses may be established by the Trustee for certain expenditures that would not be recorded as contingent liabilities under United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”);

 

   

Amortization of the investment in the Net Profits Interest is calculated on a unit-of-production basis and is charged directly to Trust corpus, and such amortization does not affect distributions from the Trust; and

 

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The Trust’s investment in the Net Profits Interest is periodically assessed to determine whether its aggregate value has been impaired below its total capitalized cost basis and, if an impairment loss is indicated by the carrying amount of the assets exceeding the sum of the undiscounted expected future net cash flows, then an impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated fair value.

The financial statements of the Trust are prepared on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is considered to be the most meaningful basis of preparation for a royalty trust because monthly distributions to the Trust unitholders are based on net cash receipts. Although this basis of accounting is permitted for royalty trusts by the SEC, the financial statements of the Trust differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP because net profits income is not accrued in the month of production, expenses are not recognized when incurred and cash reserves may be established for certain contingencies that would not be recorded in GAAP financial statements. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the SEC as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

 

b.

Interim Financial Statements.

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared by the Trust in accordance with the accounting policies stated in the audited financial statements and notes of the Trust thereto included in the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report and reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary to state fairly the information in the Trust’s unaudited interim financial statements.

 

c.

Use of Estimates.

The preparation of financial statements requires the Trust to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

d.

Risks and Uncertainties.

The Trust’s revenue and distributions are substantially dependent upon the prevailing and future prices for oil and natural gas, each of which depends on numerous factors beyond the Trust’s control such as economic conditions, the global political environment, regulatory developments and competition from other energy sources. Oil and natural gas prices historically have been volatile, and may be subject to significant fluctuations in the future.

 

e.

Contingencies.

Contingencies related to the Underlying Properties that are unfavorably resolved would generally be expected to result in reductions to cash receipts to the Trust in respect of the Net Profits Interest with corresponding reductions to cash distributions to Trust unitholders. Please see the discussion of litigation in Note 9 to condensed financial statements.

 

3.

Income Taxes

Tax counsel advised the Trust at the time of formation that for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Trust is treated as a grantor trust and will not be subject to federal income tax at the trust level. Trust unitholders will be treated for such purposes as owning a direct interest in the assets of the Trust, and each Trust unitholder is taxed directly on its pro rata share of the income and any gain, if sold, attributable to the assets of the Trust and is entitled to claim its pro rata share of deductions and expenses attributable to the assets of the Trust. Each Trust unitholder should consult his or her own tax advisor regarding income tax requirements, if any, applicable to such unitholder’s ownership of Trust units.

 

4.

Cash Reserves

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, as of May 31, 2019, the Trustee was authorized to begin retaining cash from the distributions the Trust receives (i) in an amount not to exceed $1.0 million at any one time to be used by the Trust in the event that its cash on hand (including available cash reserves) is not sufficient to pay ordinary course administrative expenses as they become due and (ii) in such amounts as the Trustee in its discretion deems

 

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appropriate to pay for future liabilities of the Trust. Boaz Energy has provided the Trust with a $1.0 million letter of credit (the “Letter of Credit”) that may be drawn by the Trust to pay administrative expenses of the Trust. The Trustee shall retain cash from distributions in such amount as the Trustee determines but not less than $25,000 per month or more than $100,000 per month until the reserve described in clause (i) equals or exceeds $1.0 million, at which time, the Trustee is required to release the Letter of Credit. Cash reserves held by the Trustee for administrative expenses totaled $300,000 as of September 30, 2019.

Boaz Energy is entitled under the Conveyance to reserve up to $3 million from the net profits for certain taxes and development or operating expenses. In July 2019, Boaz Energy held back $50,000 net to the Trust for future development expenses, in addition to the $325,000 previously held back in May 2019. Those accumulated reserves have since been expended as development costs plus an additional $320,000 net to the Trust of funds advanced by Boaz Energy and no such reserves are held back as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”). Boaz Energy reports that those advanced funds will be recouped by Boaz Energy in the calculation of the Net Profits Interest over a period of two to three months. See Note 8 to condensed financial statements for further detail.

 

5.

Distributions to Unitholders

The Trust makes monthly cash distributions of all of its monthly cash receipts, after deduction of fees and expenses for the administration of the Trust and any cash reserves, to holders of its Trust units as of the applicable record date on or before the 10th business day after the record date.

Based on 12,165,732 Trust units outstanding at each date listed below, the per unit distributions during the quarter ended September 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

Record Date

   Payment Date      Distribution
per Unit
 

July 31, 2019

     August 14, 2019      $  0.070041  

August 30, 2019

     September 16, 2019        0.070069  

September 30, 2019

     October 15, 2019        0.070014  
     

 

 

 
      $  0.210124  
     

 

 

 

 

6.

Related Party Transactions

Trustee Administrative Fee. Under the terms of the Trust Agreement, the Trust pays an annual administrative fee to the Trustee and the Delaware Trustee. The Delaware Trustee’s annual fee is $4,000. For 2019, the Trustee’s annual administrative fee is $183,600. The Trustee’s annual administrative fee will increase at a rate of 3% per year for the first three years of the Trust’s existence, increase at a rate of 2% per year for the following two years, then increase at a rate of 1% per year until the 20th anniversary of the Trust’s formation and then remain flat thereafter. These costs of the Trust, which are included in administration expenses, are deducted by the Trust before distributions are made to Trust unitholders.

Agreements with Boaz Energy. On May 4, 2018, the Trust entered into a registration rights agreement for the benefit of Boaz Energy and certain of its affiliates and transferees, pursuant to which the Trust agreed to register the offering of the Trust units held by Boaz Energy and certain of its affiliates and permitted transferees upon request by Boaz Energy. As of September 30, 2019, Boaz Energy owned 5,878,332 Trust units of the 12,165,732 Trust units issued and outstanding.

 

7.

Derivative Contracts

Income from the Net Profits Interest is exposed to fluctuations in energy prices in the normal scope of business. To mitigate the negative effects of a possible decline in oil prices on distributable income to the Trust, Boaz Energy entered into derivative put option contracts with respect to approximately 100% of expected oil production attributable to the Net Profits Interest during 2018 and 76% of such production during 2019. These derivative contracts consist of put option contracts with strike prices of $60 per barrel in 2018 and $50 per barrel in 2019. Boaz Energy believes that these put option contracts provide downside protection to the Trust in the event spot prices for crude oil decline below the applicable strike price, while still allowing the Trust to benefit from increasing

 

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crude oil prices. If prices for crude oil as quoted on NYMEX decline below the applicable strike prices, Boaz Energy could exercise its put option and receive payment generally equal to the difference between the applicable strike price and the market price for crude oil at the time of exercise, multiplied by the notional quantity of crude oil hedged under the applicable put option contract being exercised. After December 31, 2019, none of the production attributable to the Underlying Properties will be hedged. There were no cash proceeds from settlement of derivative contracts during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2019. There were no cash proceeds from settlement of derivative contracts during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

8.

Development Costs

Boaz Energy has increased its estimated capital budget expenditures for 2019 from $5.0 million to $7.0 million. Boaz Energy reports that the increase is primarily related to its commencement of a new well to be operated by it in the Permian Clearfork area, as well as an increase in drilling activities on properties in which Boaz Energy owns an interest but is not the operator. The estimate is subject to further change based on, among other things, Boaz Energy’s actual capital requirements, the pace of regulatory approvals, the mix of projects and swings in the price of oil and natural gas. In August 2019, Boaz Energy applied $375,000 net to the Trust of funds previously held back as reserves, plus an additional $320,000 net to the Trust of funds advanced by Boaz Energy, to the development costs of a new well to be operated by Boaz Energy in Terry County. See Note 4 to condensed financial statements for further details.

 

9.

Settlements and Litigation

On October 1, 2018, a lawsuit styled Thaleia L. Marston, Trustee of the Marston Trust v. Blackbeard Operating, LLC, et.al, No. 18-10-24761 – CVW in the 143rd District Court in Ward County, Texas was filed, naming, among others, Boaz Energy and the Trust as defendants. The plaintiff is a lessor under two leases operated by Blackbeard Operating LLC. The Underlying Properties include the interests of Boaz Energy in some of the minerals covered by those leases. The litigation seeks surface use damages and alleges violations of the terms of the leases, among other things. Boaz Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not anticipate the litigation will materially affect the Trust. The Trustee has filed an answer in the litigation, responses to the plaintiff’s claims are being prepared and the discovery process is underway. On July 2, 2019, the plaintiff filed its First Amended Petition and Application for Temporary Restraining Order, Temporary Injunction, and Permanent Injunction, by which, among other things, Goodnight Midstream Permian, LLC was added as a defendant. The TRO was requested to prevent Blackbeard Operating, LLC from allegedly removing articles and production from the leases and that application was denied by an order dated July 8, 2019.

In calculating the previously reported monthly distribution for May 2019, Boaz Energy included a one-time severance tax refund of $0.29 million on its Terry County Clearfork waterflood. Boaz Energy has advised the Trustee that the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts has since denied the claim for that severance tax refund, and that Plains Pipeline, the purchaser of the production subject to that severance tax, has offset the amount of the refunded severance tax against the payments otherwise due to Boaz Energy for the purchase of oil and gas during the month of June 2019. Boaz Energy nevertheless processed cash flows for the month of June as though Plains Pipeline had made payment in full for June 2019 and calculated the Net Profits Interest accordingly, such that Boaz Energy is bearing the cost of that severance tax pending the outcome of an administrative hearing on the controversy which hearing has been delayed and is now expected to take place within the next 60 to 90 days. As a result, Boaz Energy is uncertain whether it will receive the previously reported 50% reduction in severance tax going forward, which reduction is attributable to the secondary recovery efforts in the Terry County Clearfork field.

 

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10.

Subsequent Events

Distribution to Unitholders. On October 21, 2019, the Trust declared a cash distribution of $0.040777 per Trust unit based principally upon production during the month of August 2019 to record holders as of October 31, 2019. The distribution will be paid on November 15, 2019. The following table shows underlying oil and natural gas sales and average prices attributable to the distribution declared on October 21, 2019:

 

     Underlying Sales Volumes      Average Price  
     Oil
(Bbls)
     Gas
(Mcf)
     Oil
(per Bbl)
     Gas
(per Mcf)
 

August

     47,116        48,788      $  51.75      $  1.28  

Capital expenditures included in the distribution declared on October 21, 2019 totaled $0.51 million.

In October 2019, Boaz Energy held back $48,000 net to the Trust and applied that amount to offset the amount advanced by Boaz Energy in August of 2019 to complete the new well as described in Note 8 to condensed financial statements.

 

ITEM 2.

Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis is intended to help the reader understand the Trust’s financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Trust’s unaudited condensed financial statements and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) and the Trust’s audited financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking Statements

Certain information included in this Quarterly Report contains, and other materials filed or to be filed by the Trust with the SEC (as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made or to be made by the Trust) may contain or include, forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Exchange Act and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Such forward-looking statements generally are accompanied by words such as “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “expect,” “predict,” “project,” “anticipate,” “goal,” “should,” “assume,” “believe,” “plan,” “intend,” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Specifically, this Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements including, Boaz Energy and Simmons Bank’s (as the Trustee of the Trust) expectations, beliefs and plans regarding: (i) drilling activities, including timing and estimated costs, including for the new operated wells in the Permian Clearfork and Terry County areas, the well in Crane County not operated by Boaz Energy, and other Permian Platform activities, or the resulting impact of those activities on the computation of the Net Profits Interest; (ii) continued optimization of waterflood operations and converting additional wells to injection wells; (iii) the ability of derivative contracts to provide downside protection to the Trust in certain events; (iv) Boaz Energy’s estimated capital expenditures; (v) the timing of capital expenditures and offset of capital reserve amounts; (vi) expected timing for the administrative hearing; (vii) the impact of current litigation matters on the Trust; (viii) Boaz Energy’s expectations regarding recoupment from funds payable to the Trust; and (ix) distributions to Trust unitholders. Such statements are based on certain assumptions of the Trustee, and certain assumptions of information provided to the Trust by Boaz Energy, the owner of the Underlying Properties; are based on an assessment of, and are subject to, a variety of factors deemed relevant by the Trustee and Boaz Energy; and involve risks and uncertainties. Certain factors could affect the future results of the energy industry in general, and Boaz Energy and the Trust in particular, and could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements. Those factors include, without limitation, the following:

 

   

the effect of changes in commodity prices or alternative fuel prices;

 

   

uncertainties in estimating production and oil and natural gas reserves of the Underlying Properties;

 

   

risks associated with the drilling and operation of oil and natural gas wells;

 

   

the cost of developing the Underlying Properties;

 

   

the ability to maintain anticipated production levels;

 

   

the amount of future direct operating expenses, development expenses and other capital expenditures;

 

   

availability and terms of capital to fund capital expenditures;

 

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risks associated with Boaz Energy and its ability to transfer operation of the Underlying Properties to third parties without the approval of Trust unitholders;

 

 

the effect of existing and future laws and regulatory actions;

 

 

risks associated with derivative instruments, such as lower than expected production volumes, default of counterparties, and increases in price differentials;

 

 

conditions in the capital markets;

 

 

competition from others in the energy industry;

 

 

uncertainty in whether development projects will be pursued;

 

 

severe or unseasonable weather that may adversely affect production;

 

 

costs to comply with current and future governmental regulation of the oil and natural gas industry, including environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, and regulations with respect to hydraulic fracturing and the disposal of produced water;

 

 

the effect of existing and future laws and regulatory actions, including real estate, bankruptcy and tax legislation and the ability to accurately interpret the impact of such laws;

 

 

general economic conditions affecting the areas where Boaz Energy operates;

 

 

actions by Boaz Energy, including such that result in conflicts of interest, that adversely affect the Trust;

 

 

the outcome of pending litigation matters;

 

 

the cost of inflation; and

 

 

the risk factors discussed in Item 1A of Part I of the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report.

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements speak as of the date of this Quarterly Report. The Trust does not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to the forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, unless required by applicable law.

Boaz Energy Information

As a holder of a net profits interest, the Trust relies on Boaz Energy for information regarding Boaz Energy and its affiliates; the Underlying Properties, including the operations, acreage, well and completion count, working interests, production volumes, sales revenues, capital expenditures, operating expenses, reserves, drilling plans, drilling results and leasehold terms related to the Underlying Properties; and factors and circumstances that have or may affect the foregoing.

Overview

PermRock Royalty Trust, a Delaware statutory trust formed in November 2017 by Boaz Energy, completed its initial public offering in May 2018. The Trust’s only asset and source of income is the Net Profits Interest, which entitles the Trust to receive 80% of the net profits from oil and natural gas production from the Underlying Properties. The Net Profits Interest is passive in nature and neither the Trust nor the Trustee has any management control over or responsibility for costs relating to the operation of the Underlying Properties.

Although the Trust was formed on November 22, 2017, the conveyance of the Net Profits Interest did not occur until May 4, 2018, with an effective date of January 1, 2018, and no proceeds were received by the Trust from Boaz Energy during the three-month period ended March 31, 2018. As a result, the Trust did not recognize any income or make any distributions during the three-month period ended March 31, 2018.

The Trust is required to make monthly cash distributions of substantially all of its monthly cash receipts, after deduction of fees and expenses for the administration of the Trust and any cash reserves, to holders of its Trust units as of the applicable record date on or before the 10th business day after the record date. The Net Profits Interest is entitled to a share of the profits from and after January 1, 2018 attributable to production occurring on or after such date. The Trust is not subject to any pre-set termination provisions based on a maximum volume of oil or natural gas to be produced or the passage of time. The amount of Trust revenues and cash distributions to Trust unitholders depends on, among other things:

 

 

volumes produced;

 

 

wellhead prices;

 

 

price differentials;

 

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production and development costs;

 

 

potential reductions or suspensions of production; and

 

 

the amount and timing of Trust administrative expenses.

Boaz Energy typically receives payment for oil production 30 to 60 days after it is produced and for natural gas production 60 to 90 days after it is produced.

Properties. The Underlying Properties consist of four operating areas in the Permian Basin in Texas, aggregating 35,390 gross (22,997 net) acres. The Permian Clearfork area consists of 2,434 net acres on the Central Basin Platform of the Permian Basin in Hockley and Terry Counties, Texas. The Permian Abo area consists of 1,667 net acres on the Central Basin Platform of the Permian Basin in Terry and Cochran Counties, Texas. The Permian Shelf area consists of 14,727 net acres on the Eastern Shelf of the Permian Basin in Glasscock, Schleicher, Stonewall and Coke Counties, Texas. The Permian Platform area consists of 4,169 net acres on the Central Basin Platform of the Permian Basin in Ward, Crane, Terry and Ector Counties, Texas.

2018 Recap and 2019 Outlook

In 2018, Boaz Energy participated in the drilling of 23 new wells operated by others in the Permian Platform area and two new wells in the Permian Shelf. Boaz Energy has continued to optimize waterfloods in the Permian Clearfork and Permian Shelf through the use of conformance technology. For the remaining months in 2019, Boaz Energy plans to continue optimizing waterflood operations, convert additional wells to injection wells where prudent, drill one to two new operated wells and continue to participate in Permian Platform drilling proposed by non-operating partners. More particularly, Boaz Energy reported that it completed a new operated well in the Permian Clearfork area in August 2019 at an estimated cost of $1.4 million such that the majority of the development expenses of that well would be applied in the computation of the Net Profits Interest for the months of July through October 2019. Boaz Energy indicated that at the time of this report drilling operations for an additional Permian Clearfork well to be operated by Boaz Energy were underway and that it expected that well to reach total depth before the end of November 2019.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Distributable Income

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, net profits income received by the Trust was $2,950,430 compared to $4,497,974 for the same period of the prior year. This decrease in net profits income was primarily due to decreased oil and natural gas prices and increased capital costs. See “Computation of Income from the Net Profits Interest Received by the Trust” below.

After considering interest income of $3,007, general and administrative expenditures of $237,111 and cash reserves retained by the Trustee of $160,000, distributable income for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was $2,556,326, or $0.210124 per Trust unit. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, total distributable income was $4,294,197, or $0.352975 per unit.

Interest income decreased $313 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the prior year, primarily due to decreased funds available for investment.

General and administrative expenditures increased $31,043 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the prior year, primarily due to increased professional services fees.

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, as of May 31, 2019, the Trustee was authorized to begin retaining cash reserves for administrative expenses; therefore, no cash reserves were recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

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Based on 12,165,732 Trust units outstanding at each date listed below, the per unit distributions during the three months ended September 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

Record Date

   Payment Date      Distribution
per Unit
 

July 31, 2019

     August 14, 2019      $ 0.070041  

August 31, 2019

     September 16, 2019        0.070069  

September 30, 2019

     October 15, 2019        0.070014  
     

 

 

 
      $ 0.210124  
     

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, net profits income received by the Trust was $8,414,422 compared to $12,430,914 for the same period of the prior year. This decrease in net profits income was primarily due to decreased oil and natural gas prices and increased capital costs. See “Computation of Income from the Net Profits Interest Received by the Trust” below.

After considering interest income of $7,663, general and administrative expenditures of $849,246 and cash reserves retained by the Trustee of $300,000, distributable income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $7,272,839, or $0.597812 per Trust unit. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, distributable income was $11,965,738, or $0.983560 per unit.

Interest income increased $1,372 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the prior year, and was primarily attributable to a longer investment timeframe of nine months instead of five months as the Trust received its first net profits income at the end of May 2018.

General and administrative expenditures increased $378,808 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the prior year, primarily because the Trust’s IPO was completed in May 2018, resulting in only approximately five months of general and administrative expenditures in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018, and also due to expenses for printing, tax reporting and professional services and the timing of payment of such expenses in the first nine months of 2019.

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, as of May 31, 2019, the Trustee was authorized to begin retaining cash reserves for administrative expenses; therefore, no cash reserves were recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Computation of Income from the Net Profits Interest Received by the Trust

The Net Profits Interest entitles the Trust to receive 80% of the net profits attributable to Boaz Energy’s interest from the sale of oil and natural gas production from the Underlying Properties. The Trust’s income from the Net Profits Interest consists of monthly net profits attributable to income from the Underlying Properties. Because of the interval between the time of production and receipt of net profits income by the Trust, the Trust recognizes production during the month in which the related net profits income is paid to the Trust. Net profits income for the three months ended September 30, 2019, was based on production during the months of May through July 2019. Net profits income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, was based on production during the months of November 2018 through July 2019. The table below outlines the computation of income from the Net Profits Interest received by the Trust for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018:

 

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     Three
Months
Ended

September 30,
2019
    Three
Months
Ended

September 30,
2018
    Nine Months
Ended

September 30,
2019
    Nine Months
Ended

September 30,
2018
 

Underlying Properties sales volumes(1):

        

Oil (Bbl)

     138,800       145,881       416,340       363,787  

Natural gas (Mcf)(2)

     152,007       181,920       460,153       406,284  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total sales (Boe)

     164,135       176,201       493,031       431,501  

NYMEX price:

        

Oil (per Bbl)

   $ 57.67     $ 69.32     $ 56.30     $ 66.12  

Natural gas (per Mcf)

   $ 2.41     $ 2.86     $ 2.94     $ 2.83  

Average realized sales price:

        

Oil (per Bbl)

   $ 53.62     $ 59.99     $ 50.55     $ 53.02  

Natural gas (per Mcf)

     1.09       4.23       2.31       3.17  

Calculation of net profits:

        

Gross profits:

        

Oil sales

   $ 7,442,509     $ 8,757,104     $ 21,047,825     $ 22,061,502  

Natural gas sales

     166,032       769,429       1,063,441       1,654,876  

Other revenue

     43,246       27,589       111,196       92,875  

Divestitures (Qualified De Minimis Sale)

     0       0       0       0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total gross profits

   $ 7,651,789     $ 9,554,122     $ 22,222,463     $ 23,809,253  

Costs:

        

Direct operating expenses:

   $ 460,019     $ 378,189     $ 1,723,222     $ 801,765  

Lease operating expenses

     1,214,461       1,260,485       3,840,915       3,112,204  

Severance and ad valorem taxes(3)

     715,539       760,632       1,918,316       1,744,329  

Development expenses

     2,009,441       1,166,347       4,173,141       1,760,360  

Other expenses

     375,399       366,000       1,117,980       851,950  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs

   $ (4,774,859   $ (3,931,653   $ (12,773,574   $ (8,270,608

Settlement of derivative contracts(4)

   $ 0     $ 0     $ 688,562     $ 0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net profits

   $ 2,876,930     $ 5,622,469     $ 10,137,451     $ 15,538,645  

Percentage allocable to Net Profits Interest

     80     80     80     80

Net profits income (before capital reserve)

   $ 2,301,544     $ 4,497,974     $ 8,109,962     $ 12,430,914  

Capital reserve(5)

   $ 325,000       0       0       0  

Operator advance(6)

   $ 320,000     $ 0     $ 320,000     $ 0  

Net Profits Interest audit fee

   $ 3,886 (7)    $ 0     $ (15,540   $ 0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net profits income received by the Trust

   $ 2,950,430     $ 4,497,974     $ 8,414,422     $ 12,430,914  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Quarterly sales volumes are typically reported for a three-month period, and therefore sales volumes for the three months ended September 30, 2019 reflect production volumes for May through July 2019. Sales volumes for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 reflect production volumes for November 2018 through July 2019. However, because the Trust’s first distribution on May 30, 2018 related to sales from production during the months of January and February of 2018 and production expenses for the months of January, February and a portion of March of 2018, the sales volumes and computation of income and expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 generally reflects production from January through July 2018.

(2)

Sales volumes for natural gas include NGLs.

(3)

In calculating the previously reported monthly distribution for May 2019, Boaz Energy included a one-time severance tax refund of $0.29 million on its Terry County Clearfork waterflood. Boaz Energy has advised that the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts has since denied the claim for that severance tax refund, and that Plains Pipeline, the purchaser of the production subject to that severance tax, has offset the amount of the refunded severance tax against the payments otherwise due to Boaz Energy for the purchase of oil and gas during the month of June 2019. Boaz Energy nevertheless processed cash flows for the month of June as though Plains Pipeline had made payment in full for June 2019 and calculated the Net Profits Interest accordingly, such that Boaz Energy is bearing the cost of that severance tax pending the outcome of an administrative hearing on the controversy which hearing has been delayed and is now expected to take place within the next 60 to 90 days. As a result, Boaz Energy is uncertain whether it will receive the previously reported 50% reduction in severance tax going forward, which reduction is attributable to the secondary recovery efforts in the Terry County Clearfork field.

 

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(4)

Reflects gross cash proceeds from settlement of derivative contracts relating to production as discussed in Note 7 to condensed financial statements and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

(5)

Boaz Energy is entitled under the Conveyance to reserve up to $3 million from the net profits for certain taxes and development or operating expenses. In July 2019, Boaz Energy held back $50,000 net to the Trust in addition to the $325,000 net to the Trust previously held back in May 2019. Boaz Energy then applied those funds in August 2019 to cover development costs of a new well to be operated by Boaz Energy in Terry County. Therefore, the capital reserve net activity for the three months ended September 30, 2019 is $325,000 and $0 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as a result of the application of all capital reserves withheld in 2019 ($325,000 and $50,000 net to the Trust in May and July 2019, respectively) to capital costs incurred in the third quarter.

(6)

Boaz Energy advanced $320,000 net to the Trust to cover capital costs of a new well to be operated by Boaz Energy in Terry County as described in Note 8 to condensed financial statements.

(7)

This number represents a credit resulting from Boaz Energy’s overpayment of audit expenses previously reported in 2019.

Important factors used in calculating the Trust’s net profits income include the volumes of oil and natural gas produced from the Underlying Properties and the realized prices received for the sale of those minerals, including oil and natural gas liquids, as well as direct operating expenses, lease operating expenses, severance and ad valorem taxes, development and other expenses and capital reserves.

Sales Volumes

Oil

Oil sales volumes decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period. Boaz Energy reports this was primarily due to its decision to slow the pace of waterflood development in light of oil prices, but also because of the timing of sales. Oil sales volumes increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, primarily because there were nine months of production included in calculations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to only seven months of production for the nine-month period September 30, 2018.

Natural Gas

Natural gas sales volumes decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019. This was primarily because of the timing of sales. Natural gas sales volumes increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, primarily because there were nine months of production included in calculations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to only seven months of production for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018.

Sales Prices

Oil

The average realized oil price per Bbl decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period. The average realized oil price per Bbl for the three months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily related to production from May through July 2019, when the average NYMEX price was $57.67 per Bbl. The average realized oil price per Bbl also decreased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior year period. The average realized oil price per Bbl for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily related to production from November 2018 through July 2019 when the average NYMEX price was $56.30 per Bbl.

Natural Gas

The average realized natural gas price per Mcf decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period. The average realized natural gas price per Mcf for the three months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily related to production from May through July 2019 when the average NYMEX price was $2.41 per Mcf. The average realized natural gas price also decreased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019

 

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as compared to the prior year period. The average realized natural gas price per Mcf for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily related to production from November 2018 through July 2019, when the average NYMEX price was $2.94 per Mcf. Boaz Energy reports that its natural gas pricing is currently adversely affected in the Permian Basin where robust drilling activities have resulted in an oversupply of ethane and other natural gas liquids produced in conjunction with the oil and natural gas produced in those activities, requiring Boaz Energy to incur costs to dispose of those excess natural gas liquids.

Costs

Direct Operating Expenses

Direct Operating Expenses increased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year periods primarily because of increased waterflood pattern conformance work in Terry County Texas. Direct Operating Expenses also increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period because of increased waterflood pattern conformance work in Terry County, Texas, the increased marketing costs attendant to the sale of ethane and other natural gas liquids during the current period of oversupply and because of the timing of the Conveyance and the Trust’s IPO in May 2018, which caused fewer months to be included in the 2018 calculations for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018. In addition, Boaz Energy reported that it was more active in conducting workovers during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Lease Operating Expenses

Lease operating expenses decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period primarily because of the volume and timing of operations. Boaz Energy reported that lease operating expenses increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period, primarily because of the timing of the Conveyance and the Trust’s IPO in May 2018, which caused fewer months to be included in the 2018 calculations for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018, and because Boaz Energy was more active in optimizing waterflooding patterns during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Severance and ad Valorem Taxes

Severance and ad valorem taxes decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period primarily because of an increase in September 2018 to adjust ad valorem tax accrual based on revised estimates. Severance and ad valorem taxes increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period primarily because there were nine months of taxes included in the calculations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to only seven months for the period ended September 30, 2018.

Development Expenses Related to the Underlying Properties

Development expenses related to the Underlying Properties increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year periods because of an increase in development activity during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, including a new well drilled in the third quarter of 2019, injector cleanouts and preparations for planned waterflooding. The increase for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year was also because of the timing of the Conveyance and the Trust’s IPO in May 2018, which caused fewer months to be included in the 2018 calculations for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2018.

Other Expenses

Other expenses increased slightly for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period, primarily because of the timing and payment of expenses. Other expenses increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior year period primarily because of the fact that there were nine months of expenses included in the calculations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to only seven months for the period ended September 30, 2018.

 

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Capital Reserve

Boaz Energy held back $50,000 net to the Trust in July 2019 in addition to the $325,000 net to the Trust previously held back in May 2019. Boaz Energy then applied those funds (as well as $320,000 net to the Trust as an advancement as described in Note 4 to condensed financial statements) in August 2019 to cover development costs of a new well to be operated by Boaz Energy in Terry County. Boaz Energy reports that it expects that the $320,000 advancement will be recouped in the calculation of the Net Profits Interest over a period of two to three months.

Derivative Contracts

Income from the Net Profits Interest is exposed to fluctuations in energy prices in the normal scope of business. To mitigate the negative effects of a possible decline in oil prices on distributable income to the Trust, Boaz Energy entered into derivative put option contracts with respect to approximately 100% of expected oil production attributable to the Net Profits Interest during 2018 and 76% of such production during 2019. These derivative contracts consist of put option contracts with strike prices of $60 per barrel in 2018 and $50 per barrel in 2019. Boaz Energy believes that these put option contracts provide downside protection to the Trust in the event spot prices for crude oil decline below the applicable strike price, while still allowing the Trust to benefit from increasing crude oil prices. If prices for crude oil as quoted on NYMEX decline below the applicable strike prices, Boaz Energy could exercise its put option and receive payment generally equal to the difference between the applicable strike price and the market price for crude oil at the time of exercise, multiplied by the notional quantity of crude oil hedged under the applicable put option contract being exercised. After December 31, 2019, none of the production attributable to the Underlying Properties will be hedged. There were no cash proceeds from settlement of derivative contracts during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The Trust’s principal sources of liquidity and capital are cash flow generated from the Net Profits Interest and borrowings, if any, to fund administrative expenses. The Trust’s primary uses of cash are distributions to Trust unitholders, payment of Trust administrative expenses, including, if applicable, any reserves established by the Trustee for future liabilities.

Administrative expenses include the Trustee and Delaware Trustee fees, accounting, engineering, legal, tax advisory and other professional fees, and tax reporting and distribution expenses. The Trust is also responsible for paying other expenses incurred as a result of being a publicly traded entity, including costs associated with annual, quarterly and current reports to the SEC, New York Stock Exchange listing fees, independent auditor fees and registrar and transfer agent fees. If the Trustee determines that cash on hand and cash to be received in respect of the Net Profits Interest are, or will be, insufficient to cover the Trust’s liabilities and expenses, the Trustee may cause the Trust to borrow funds to pay liabilities of the Trust. Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, as of May 31, 2019 the Trustee is authorized to retain cash from the distributions it receives (i) in an amount not to exceed $1.0 million at any one time to be used by the Trust in the event that its cash on hand (including available cash reserves) is not sufficient to pay ordinary course administrative expenses as they become due and (ii) in such amounts as the Trustee in its discretion deems appropriate to pay for future liabilities of the Trust. Boaz Energy has provided the Trust with a $1.0 million Letter of Credit that may be drawn by the Trust to pay its administrative expenses. The Trustee will retain cash from distributions in such amount as the Trustee determines but not less than $25,000 per month or more than $100,000 per month until the reserve described in clause (i) equals or exceeds $1.0 million, at which time, the Trustee is required to release the Letter of Credit.

If the Trustee causes the Trust to borrow funds, or if the Trustee draws on the Letter of Credit being provided by Boaz Energy, the Trust unitholders will not receive distributions until the borrowed funds or the amount drawn, as applicable, are repaid.

 

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Boaz Energy Capital Expenditure Budget

Boaz Energy’s estimated 2019 capital budget for the Underlying Properties has been increased from $5.0 million to $7.0 million. Boaz Energy reports the increase is attributable to the completion of a new well in August 2019 to be operated by Boaz Energy in the Permian Clearfork area that it had not planned to drill at the beginning of 2019, as well as increased Crane County drilling operations of wells not operated by Boaz Energy. The estimate is subject to change based on, among other things, Boaz Energy’s actual capital requirements, the pace of regulatory approvals, the mix of projects and swings in the price of oil and natural gas. The Boaz Energy management team controls the amount and timing of capital expenditures for the Underlying Properties where it serves as operator.

Boaz Energy is entitled under the Conveyance to reserve up to $3 million from the net profits for certain taxes and development or operating expenses. Boaz Energy held back $50,000 net to the Trust in July 2019 in addition to the $325,000 net to the Trust previously held back in May 2019. Boaz Energy then applied those funds (as well as $320,000 net to the Trust as described in Note 4 to condensed financial statements) in August 2019 to cover development costs of a new well to be operated by Boaz Energy in Terry County. Boaz Energy expects to recoup the $320,000 over a period of two to three months.

Distributions Declared After Quarter End

On October 21, 2019, the Trust declared a cash distribution of $0.040777 per Trust unit to unitholders of record as of October 31, 2019. The distribution will be paid on November 15, 2019.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of September 30, 2019, the Trust had no off-balance sheet arrangements.

New Accounting Pronouncements

As the Trust’s financial statements are prepared on the modified cash basis, most accounting pronouncements are not applicable to the Trust’s financial statements. No new accounting pronouncements have been adopted or issued that would impact the financial statements of the Trust.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Refer to Note 2 to the unaudited condensed financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report and the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the audited financial statements of the Trust and notes thereto included therein, for a description of the Trust’s accounting policies and use of estimates.

 

ITEM 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The Trust is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and is not required to provide the information required under this Item.

 

ITEM 4.

Controls and Procedures

The Trustee conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(a) and 15d-15(a) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on this evaluation, the Trustee has concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust are effective as of September 30, 2019, that the information required to be disclosed by the Trust in its reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC, and such information is accumulated and communicated, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures, the Trustee has relied, to the extent considered reasonable, on information provided by Boaz Energy.

Due to the nature of the Trust as a passive entity and in light of the contractual arrangements pursuant to which the Trust was created, including the provisions of the Trust Agreement and the Conveyance, the Trustee’s disclosure controls and procedures related to the Trust necessarily rely on (A) information provided by Boaz Energy, including information relating to results of operations, the costs and revenues attributable to the Trust’s interests under the Conveyance and other operating and historical data, plans for future operating and capital expenditures, reserve information, information relating to projected production, and other information relating to the status and results of operations of the Underlying Properties, and (B) conclusions and reports regarding reserves by the Trust’s independent reserve engineers.

 

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During the quarter ended September 30, 2019 there were no changes in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trustee’s internal control over financial reporting. The Trustee notes for purposes of clarification that it has no authority over, has not evaluated and makes no statement concerning, the internal control over financial reporting of Boaz Energy.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.

Legal Proceedings

On October 1, 2018, a lawsuit styled Thaleia L. Marston, Trustee of the Marston Trust v. Blackbeard Operating, LLC, et.al, No. 18-10-24761 – CVW in the 143rd District Court in Ward County, Texas was filed, naming, among others, Boaz Energy and the Trust as defendants. The plaintiff is a lessor under two leases operated by Blackbeard Operating LLC. The Underlying Properties include the interests of Boaz Energy in some of the minerals covered by those leases. The litigation seeks surface use damages and alleges violations of the terms of the leases, among other things. Boaz Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not anticipate the litigation will materially affect the Trust. The Trustee has filed an answer in the litigation, responses to the plaintiff’s claims are being prepared and the discovery process is underway. On July 2, 2019, the plaintiff filed its First Amended Petition and Application for Temporary Restraining Order, Temporary Injunction, and Permanent Injunction (“TRO”), by which, among other things, Goodnight Midstream Permian, LLC was added as a defendant. The TRO was requested to prevent Blackbeard Operating, LLC from allegedly removing articles and production from the leases and that application was denied by an order dated July 8, 2019.

 

ITEM 6.

Exhibits.

 

The exhibits marked with the asterisk symbol (*) are filed or furnished with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

PERMROCK ROYALTY TRUST

By:

 

Simmons Bank, as Trustee

By:  

/s/ Lee Ann Anderson

 

Lee Ann Anderson

 

Senior Vice President

Date: November 14, 2019

The registrant, PermRock Royalty Trust, has no principal executive officer, principal financial officer, board of directors or persons performing similar functions. Accordingly, no additional signatures are available, and none have been provided. In signing the report above, the Trustee does not imply that it has performed any such function or that any such function exists pursuant to the terms of the Trust Agreement under which it serves.

 

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