☒QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019
☐TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 001-37872
Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2001 Westside Parkway
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(Registrant's phone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001
Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of August 9, 2019, 67,007,172 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
For the Quarters and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 and as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018
1. NATURE OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Nature of Business
Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company") are a leading fintech enterprise with strong core payments technology. The Company is headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia and operates other facilities in Texas, Tennessee, Arizona, and New York. Operations began in 2005 with a mission to build a merchant-inspired payments platform that would advance the goals of its customers and partners. Today, the Company is a leading provider of merchant acquiring and commercial payment solutions, offering unique product capabilities to small and medium size businesses and enterprises and distribution partners in the United States. The Company operates from a purpose-built business platform that includes tailored customer service offerings and bespoke technology development, allowing the Company to provide end-to-end solutions for payment and payment-adjacent needs.
The Company provides:
Consumer payments processing solutions for business-to-consumer ("B2C") transactions through independent sales organizations ("ISOs"), financial institutions, independent software vendors ("ISVs"), and other referral partners. The Company's proprietary MX platform for B2C payments provides merchants a fully customizable suite of business management solutions.
Commercial payments solutions such as automated vendor payments and professionally curated managed services to industry leading financial institutions and networks. The Company's proprietary business-to-business ("B2B") Commercial Payment Exchange (CPX) platform was developed to be a best-in-class solution for buyer/supplier payment enablement.
Institutional services (also known as Managed Services) solutions that provide audience-specific programs for institutional partners and other third parties looking to leverage the Company's professionally trained and managed call center teams for customer onboarding, assistance, and support, including marketing and direct-sales resources.
Integrated partner solutions for ISVs and other third-parties that allow them to leverage the Company's core payments engine via robust application program interfaces resources and high-utility embeddable code.
Consulting and development solutions focused on the increasing demand for integrated payments solutions for transitioning to the digital economy.
The Company provides its services through three reportable segments: (1) Consumer Payments, (2) Commercial Payments (which includes institutional and managed services described above), and (3) Integrated Partners. For additional information about our reportable segments, see Note 15, Segment Information.
To provide many of its services, the Company enters into agreements with payment processors which in turn have agreements with multiple card associations. These card associations comprise an alliance aligned with insured financial institutions ("member banks") that work in conjunction with various local, state, territory, and federal government agencies to make the rules and guidelines regarding the use and acceptance of credit and debit cards. Card association rules require that vendors and processors be sponsored by a member bank and register with the card associations. The Company has multiple sponsorship bank agreements and is itself a registered ISO with Visa®. The Company is also a registered member service provider with MasterCard®. The Company's sponsorship agreements allow the capture and processing of electronic data in a format to allow such data to flow through networks for clearing and fund settlement of merchant transactions.
On July 25, 2018, MI Acquisitions, Inc. ("MI Acquisitions"), which was formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on April 23, 2015, acquired all of the outstanding member equity interests of Priority Holdings, LLC ("Holdings") in exchange for the issuance of MI Acquisitions' common stock. As a result, Holdings which was previously a privately-owned company, became a wholly-owned subsidiary of MI Acquisitions (the "Business Combination"). Simultaneously, MI Acquisitions changed its name to Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. For financial accounting and reporting purposes under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), the acquisition was accounted for as a "reverse merger." Under this method of accounting, MI Acquisitions is treated as the acquired entity whereby Holdings was deemed to have issued common stock for the net assets and equity of MI Acquisitions accompanied by a simultaneous equity recapitalization (the "Recapitalization") of Holdings. Net assets of the Company are stated at historical cost and accordingly the equity and net assets of the Company have not been adjusted to fair value. As of July 25, 2018, the consolidated financial statements of the Company include the combined operations, cash flows, and financial positions of both MI Acquisitions and Holdings. Prior to July 25, 2018, the results of operations, cash flows, and financial position are those of Holdings. The units and corresponding capital amounts and earnings per unit of Holdings prior to July 25, 2018 have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Recapitalization.
The Company's common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol "PRTH." Certain shares of the Company's common stock are restricted shares, meaning that there are certain regulatory restrictions on the holders' abilities to sell, transfer, pledge or otherwise dispose of shares. Common shares of the Company issued to certain non-affiliates may become unrestricted common shares in the future due to the lapse of certain regulatory restrictions on the holders' ability to sell, transfer, pledge, or dispose of the unregistered shares.
The Company's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer controls a majority of the voting power of the Company's outstanding common stock. As a result, the Company is a "controlled company" within the meaning of corporate governance standards of the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC ("Nasdaq") .
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include those of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. All material inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company operates on a calendar year ending each December 31 and on four calendar quarters ending on March 31, June 30, September 30, and December 31 of each year.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the SEC.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management they include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and related footnote disclosures as of December 31, 2018 were derived from the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018. Results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year.
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Prior to July 25, 2018, substantially all of the Company's operations were conducted through pass-through entities for income tax purposes, and as such the Company had no material income tax accounting reflected in its financial statements for financial reporting purposes since substantially all taxable income and deductions were "passed through" to unconsolidated owners. Effective July 25, 2018, the Company is a "C Corp" and reports its income and deductions for income tax purposes. Accordingly, effective July 25, 2018 the consolidated financial statements of the Company now account for income taxes in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 740, Income Taxes ("ASC 740").
The Company is an "emerging growth company" (EGC), as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012. The Company may remain an EGC until December 31, 2021. However, if the Company's non-convertible debt issued within a rolling three-year period exceeds $1.0 billion, the Company would cease to be an EGC immediately, or if its revenue for any fiscal year exceed $1.07 billion, or the market value of its common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700.0 million on the last day of the second quarter of any given year, the Company would cease to be an EGC as of the beginning of the following year. As an EGC, the Company is not required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Additionally, the Company as an EGC may continue to elect to delay the adoption of any new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As such, the Company's financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Comprehensive income (loss) represents the sum of net income (loss) and other amounts that are not included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations as the amounts have not been realized. For the quarters and six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, there were no differences between the Company's net loss and comprehensive loss. Therefore, no separate Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) is included in the consolidated financial statements for the reporting periods.
Cash and Restricted Cash
Cash includes cash held at financial institutions that is owned by the Company. Restricted cash is held by the Company in financial institutions for the purpose of in-process customer settlements or reserves held per contact terms.
Notes receivable are comprised of a $3.0 million loan to another entity (see Note 10, Related Party and Other Transactions) and advances to ISOs. Substantially all of the notes receivable bear interest and are secured. ISO advances are generally repaid via reductions in future commissions paid to the ISO, thus cash flows from these activities are reported as cash flows from operations.
Certain prior period amounts in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation, with no net effect on the Company's stockholders' deficit or net loss for any period.
There have been no material changes to the Company's accounting policies from December 31, 2018 through June 30, 2019, except for the addition of an accounting policy for repurchased stock. Also, see Note 2, Acquisitions and Contributions of Assets, for information on the non-controlling interest issued in connection with certain net assets acquired from YapStone, Inc. ("YapStone").
Components of Revenues and Expenses
Merchant card fees revenue consists mainly of fees for processing electronic payments, including credit, debit and electronic benefit transaction card processing. The fees are generally based on a variable percentage of the dollar amount of each transaction and, in some cases, additional fees for each transaction. In addition, merchant customers may also be charged miscellaneous fees, including statement fees, annual fees, monthly minimum fees, fees for handling chargebacks, gateway fees, and fees for other miscellaneous services. Merchant card fees revenue is attributable primarily to our Consumer Payments segment.
Outsourced services and other revenue consist mainly of cost-plus fees related to B2B services, merchant financing and buyer-initiated payment programs sold on behalf of certain enterprise customers, originated through our in-house sales force, including incentives for meeting sales targets. Outsourced services revenue is attributable primarily to our Commercial Payments reportable segment. Other revenue include revenue from the sales of equipment (primarily point of sale terminals) and processing of automated clearing house ("ACH") transactions.
Costs of Services
Costs of Merchant Card Fees
Costs of merchant card fees primarily consist of residual payments to agents and ISOs and other third-party costs directly attributable to payment processing. The residual payments represent commissions paid to agents and ISOs based upon a percentage of the net revenue generated from merchant transactions.
Costs of Outsourced Services and Other Revenue
Costs of outsourced services and other revenue consist of salaries directly related to outsourced services revenue, the cost of equipment (point of sale terminals) sold, and third-party fees and commissions related to the Company's ACH processing activities.
Selling, General and Administrative ("SG&A")
SG&A expenses include mainly professional services, advertising, rent, office supplies, software licenses, utilities, state and local franchise and sales taxes, litigation settlements, executive travel, insurance, and expenses related to the Business Combination.
Interest expense consists of interest on outstanding debt and amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discounts.
Other, net is composed of interest income, debt modification and extinguishment expenses, changes in fair value of warrant liabilities, and equity in losses and impairment of unconsolidated entities. Interest income consists mainly of interest received pursuant to notes receivable from independent sales agents. Debt modification and extinguishment expenses includes write-offs of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount relating to the extinguished debt. Equity in loss and impairment of unconsolidated entities consists of the Company's share of the income or loss of its equity method investment as well as any impairment charges related to such investments.
New Accounting Standards Adopted
The Company did not adopt any new accounting standards during the quarter or six months ended June 30, 2019, except for ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities-Subtopic 825-10, and the policy for repurchased common stock based on existing GAAP.
ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-09
Under ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, entities have to measure equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method, those that result in consolidation of the investee and certain other investments) at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value in net income. However, for equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values and do not qualify for the existing practical expedient in ASC 820 to estimate fair value using the net asset value per share (or its equivalent) of the investment, the guidance provides a new measurement alternative.
Entities may choose to measure those investments at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. The Company early adopted the provisions of ASU 2016-01 on April 1, 2019 and applied them to an acquired warrant to purchase equity of another entity, the same entity that borrowed $3.0 million from the Company during the second quarter of 2019 under a loan and loan commitment agreement. The carrying value, at cost, and fair value of the warrant were not material. See Note 10, Related Party and Other Transactions.
The Company was also required to adopt ASU 2018-09, Codification Improvements, at the same time it adopted ASU 2016-01. The adoption of ASU 2018-09 had no material effect on the Company's financial position, operations, or cash flows.
Pursuant to the provisions of ASC 505-30, Treasury Stock, the Company has elected to apply the cost method when accounting for treasury stock resulting from the repurchase of its common stock. Under the cost method, the gross cost of the shares reacquired is charged to a contra equity account labeled Treasury Stock. The equity accounts that were originally credited for the original shares issuance, common stock and additional paid-in capital, remain intact. See Note 12, Equity.
If the treasury shares are ever reissued in the future, proceeds in excess of repurchased cost will be credited to additional paid-in capital. Any deficiency will be charged to retained earnings (accumulated deficit), unless additional paid-in capital from previous treasury stock transactions exists, in which case the deficiency will be charged to that account, with any excess charged to retained earnings (accumulated deficit). If treasury stock is reissued in the future, a cost flow assumption (e.g., FIFO, LIFO, or specific identification) will be adopted to compute excesses and deficiencies upon subsequent share reissuances.
Recently Issued Standards Not Yet Adopted
Prior to July 25, 2018, the Company was defined as a non-public entity for purposes of applying transition guidance related to new or revised accounting standards under GAAP, and as such was typically required to adopt new or revised accounting standards subsequent to the required adoption dates that applied to public companies. Subsequent to July 25, 2018, the Company retains EGC status until no later than December 31, 2021. The Company will maintain the election available to an EGC to use any extended transition period applicable to non-public companies when complying with a new or revised accounting standards. Therefore, as long as the Company retains EGC status, before December 31, 2021 the Company can continue to elect to adopt any new or revised accounting standards on the adoption date (including early adoption) required for a private company.
Revenue Recognition (ASC 606, ASU 2014-09)
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which since has been codified and amended in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and supplemented with other ASUs. This guidance clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue and will be applicable to all contracts with customers regardless of industry-specific or transaction-specific fact patterns. Further, the guidance will require improved disclosures as well as additional disclosures to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. Since its original issuance, the FASB has issued several updates to this guidance. The new standard could change the amount and timing of revenue and costs for certain significant revenue streams, increase areas of judgment and related internal controls requirements, change the presentation of revenue for certain contract arrangements and possibly require changes to the Company's software systems to assist in both internally capturing accounting differences and externally reporting such differences through enhanced disclosure requirements. As an EGC, the standard is effective for the Company's 2019 annual reporting period and for interim periods after 2019. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the effect that the standard may have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In February 2016, the FASB issued new lease accounting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, Leases-Topic 842, which has been codified in ASC 842, Leases. Under this new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases): 1) a lease liability equal to the lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis and 2) a right-of-use asset which will represent the lessee's right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. As an EGC, this standard is effective for the Company's annual reporting period beginning in 2020 and interim reporting periods beginning first quarter of 2021, unless the FASB's recent proposal to delay by a year the required adoption date becomes effective. The adoption of ASC 842 will require the Company to recognize non-current assets and liabilities for right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on its consolidated balance sheet, but it is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's results of operations or cash flows. ASC 842 will also require additional footnote disclosures to the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Credit Losses (ASU 2016-13)
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, later codified as ASC 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses. This new guidance will change how entities account for credit impairment for trade and other receivables, as well as for certain financial assets and other instruments. ASU 2016-13 will replace the current "incurred loss" model with an "expected loss" model. Under the "incurred loss" model, a loss (or allowance) is recognized only when an event has occurred (such as a payment delinquency) that causes the entity to believe that a loss is probable (i.e., that it has been "incurred"). Under the "expected loss" model, a loss (or allowance) is recognized upon initial recognition of the asset that reflects all future events that leads to a loss being realized, regardless of whether it is probable that the future event will occur. The "incurred loss" model considers past events and current conditions, while the "expected loss" model includes expectations for the future which have yet to occur. ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, was issued in November 2018 and excludes operating leases from the new guidance. The standard will require entities to record a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact that ASU 2016-13 may have on the timing of recognizing future provisions for expected losses on the Company's accounts receivable. As an EGC, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning in 2021 and interim periods within annual periods beginning in 2022, unless the FASB's recent proposal to delay the required adoption date becomes effective.
Statement of Cash Flows (ASU 2016-15)
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230). This ASU represents a consensus of the FASB's Emerging Issues Task Force on eight separate issues that each impact classifications on the statement of cash flows. In particular, issue number three addresses the classification of contingent consideration payments made after a business combination. Under ASU 2016-15, cash payments made soon after an acquisition's consummation date (i.e., approximately three months or less) will be classified as cash outflows from investing activities. Payments made thereafter will be classified as cash outflows from financing activities up to the amount of the original contingent consideration liability. Payments made in excess of the amount of the original contingent consideration liability will be classified as cash outflows from operating activities. As an EGC, this ASU is effective for the Company for years beginning in 2019 and interim periods within years beginning in 2020. The Company is evaluating the effect this ASU will have on its consolidated statement of cash flows.
Goodwill Impairment Testing (ASU 2017-04)
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. ASU 2017-04 will eliminate the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill (i.e., step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test) to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value (i.e., measure the charge based on the current step 1). Any impairment charge will be limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to an impacted reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 will not change the current guidance for completing Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test, and an entity will still be able to perform the current optional qualitative goodwill impairment assessment before determining whether to proceed to Step 1. Upon adoption, the ASU will be applied prospectively. As an EGC, this ASU will be effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed in periods beginning in 2022. The impact that ASU 2017-04 may have on the Company's financial condition or results of operations will depend on the circumstances of any goodwill impairment event that may occur after adoption.
Share-Based Payments to Non-Employees (ASU 2018-07)
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Share-based Payments to Non-Employees, to simplify the accounting for share-based payments to non-employees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions. As an EGC, the ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning in 2020 and interim periods within annual periods beginning in the first quarter of 2021, but not before the Company adopts ASC 606, Revenue Recognition. The Company is evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.
Disclosures for Fair Value Measurements (ASU 2018-13)
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements as part of the FASB's disclosure framework project. For all entities, this ASU is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning in 2020. Certain amendments must be applied prospectively while others are to be applied on a retrospective basis to all periods presented. As disclosure guidance, the adoption of this ASU will not have an effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Implementation Costs Incurred in Cloud Computing Arrangements (ASU 2018-15)
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Implementation Costs Incurred in Cloud Computing Arrangements ("ASU 2018-15"),which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). As an EGC, this ASU is effective for the Company for annual reporting periods beginning in 2021, and interim periods within annual periods beginning in 2022. The amendments should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.
Concentration of Risk
The Company's revenue is substantially derived from processing Visa® and MasterCard® bank card transactions. Because the Company is not a member bank, in order to process these bank card transactions, the Company maintains sponsorship agreements with member banks which require, among other things, that the Company abide by the by-laws and regulations of the card associations.
Substantially all of the Company's revenue and receivables are attributable to merchant customer transactions, which are processed by third-party payment processors.
A majority of the Company's cash and restricted cash is held in certain financial institutions, substantially all of which is in excess of federal deposit insurance corporation limits. The Company does not believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk from these transactions.
No one merchant customer accounted for 10% or more of the Company's consolidated revenue for any period presented.
2. ACQUISITIONS AND CONTRIBUTIONS OF ASSETS
In March 2019, the Company, through one of its subsidiaries, Priority Real Estate Technology, LLC ("PRET"), acquired certain assets and assumed certain related liabilities (the "YapStone net assets") from YapStone under an asset purchase and contribution agreement. The purchase price for the YapStone net assets was $65.0 million in cash plus a non-controlling interest in PRET. The
fair value of the non-controlling interest was estimated to be approximately $5.7 million. The total purchase price was assigned to customer relationships, except for $1.0 million and $1.2 million which were assigned to a software license agreement and a services agreement, respectively. The $65.0 million of cash was funded from a draw down of the credit facilities (the "Senior Credit Facility") under a senior credit agreement with a syndicate of lenders (the "Senior Credit Agreement") on a delayed basis as provided for and pursuant to the third amendment thereto executed in December 2018. See Note 7, Long-Term Debt.
During the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2019, no earnings of PRET were allocated to the non-controlling interest pursuant to the profit-sharing agreement between the Company and the non-controlling interest.
eTab and Cumulus (Related Party)
In February 2019, a subsidiary of the Company, Priority Hospitality Technology, LLC ("PHOT"), received a contribution of substantially all of the operating assets of eTab, LLC ("eTab") and CUMULUS POS, LLC ("Cumulus") under asset contribution agreements. No material liabilities were assumed by PHOT. These contributed assets were composed substantially of technology-related assets. Prior to these transactions, eTab was 80% owned by the Company's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. No cash consideration was paid to the contributors of the eTab or Cumulus assets on the date of the transactions. As consideration for these contributed assets, the contributors were issued redeemable preferred equity interests in PHOT. Under these redeemable preferred equity interests, the contributors are eligible to receive up to $4.5 million of profits earned by PHOT, plus a preferred yield (6% per annum) on any of the $4.5 million amount that has not been distributed to them. The Company's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer owns 83.3% of the redeemable preferred equity interests in PHOT. Once a total of $4.5 million plus the preferred yield has been distributed to the holders of the redeemable preferred equity interests, the redeemable preferred equity interests will cease to exist. The Company determined that the contributor's carrying value of the eTab net assets (as a common control transaction under GAAP) was not material. Under the guidance for a common control transaction, the contribution of the eTab net assets did not result in a change of entity or the receipt of a business, therefore the Company's financial statements for prior periods have not been adjusted to reflect the historical results attributable to the eTab net assets. Additionally, no material amount was estimated for the fair value of the contributed Cumulus net assets.
The Company's plans are to leverage and synergize its existing technology, expertise, and business relationships to enable the contributed assets of eTab and Cumulus to become more meaningful in the future.
Pursuant to the limited liability company agreement of PHOT, any material future earnings generated by the eTab and Cumulus assets that are attributable to the holders of the preferred equity interests will be reported by the Company as a form of non-controlling interests ("NCI") classified as mezzanine equity on the Company's consolidated balance sheet until $4.5 million and the preferred yield have been distributed to the holders of the preferred equity interests. Subsequent changes, if material, in the value of the NCI will be reported as an equity transaction between the Company's consolidated retained earnings (accumulated deficit) and any carrying value of the NCI in mezzanine equity. Such amounts were not material to the Company's results of operations, financial position, or cash flows for the period covering February 1, 2019 (date the assets were contributed to the Company) and June 30, 2019, and therefore no recognition of the NCI has been reflected in the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes.
Residual Portfolio Acquisition
On March 15, 2019, a subsidiary of the Company paid $15.2 million cash to acquire certain residual portfolio rights. Of the $15.2 million, $5.0 million was funded from a delayed draw down of the Senior Credit Facility as provided for and pursuant to the third amendment thereto executed in December 2018. See Note 7, Long-Term Debt. Additionally, a $10.0 million draw was made against the revolving credit facility under the Senior Credit Facility and cash on hand was used to fund the remaining amount. The purchase price may be subject to an increase of up to $6.4 million in accordance with the terms of the agreement between the Company and the sellers. Any additional purchase price, if any, will be accounted for when payment to the seller becomes probable and it will be added to the carrying value of the asset.
The standards of the card networks restrict non-members, such as the Company, from performing funds settlement or accessing merchant settlement funds. Instead, these funds must be in the possession of the member bank until the merchant is funded. The Company has relationships with member banks to facilitate payment transactions. These agreements allow the Company to route transactions under a member bank's control to process and clear transactions through card networks. Amounts for payment card settlements included in settlement assets and obligations on the Company's consolidated balance sheets represent intermediary balances arising in the settlement process.
Reserves Held For ACH Customers
For the Company's ACH business component that conducts business as ACH.com, the Company earns revenue by processing ACH transactions for financial institutions and other business customers. Certain customers establish and maintain reserves with the Company to cover potential losses in processing ACH transactions. These reserves are held in bank accounts controlled by the Company. As such, the Company recognizes the cash balances within restricted cash and settlement obligations on its consolidated balance sheets.
Merchant Reserves and Estimated Shortfalls
Under agreements between the Company and merchants, merchants assume liability for obligations such as chargebacks, customer disputes, and unfilled orders. However, under its risk-based underwriting policy, the Company may require certain merchants to establish and maintain reserves designed to protect the Company from anticipated obligations such as chargebacks, customer disputes, and unfilled orders. A merchant reserve account is funded by the merchant and held by a sponsor bank during the term of the merchant agreement. Unused merchant reserves are returned to the merchant after termination of the merchant agreement or in certain instances upon a reassessment of risks during the term of the merchant agreement. Sponsor banks held merchant reserves of approximately $99.9 million and $186.2 million at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Since these merchant reserves held at sponsor banks are not assets of the Company and the associated risks are not liabilities of the Company, neither is recognized on the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
In the event the amount in a merchant reserve is insufficient to cover expected or incurred losses, the Company may be liable to cover the shortfall. The Company recognized a liability for estimated shortfalls of approximately $2.0 million and $2.0 million at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The liabilities are included in the Company's consolidated balance sheet as contra balances against settlement assets.
The Company's settlement assets and obligations at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows:
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Card settlements due from merchants, net of estimated losses
Card settlements due from processors
Total settlement assets (1)
Card settlements due to merchants
Due to ACH payees (2)
Total Settlement Obligations
(1) Reported within prepaid expenses and other current assets on the Company's consolidated balance sheet.
(2) Amounts due to ACH payees are held by the Company in restricted cash.
The Company records goodwill when an acquisition is made and the purchase price is greater than the fair value assigned to the underlying tangible and intangible assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. The Company's goodwill was allocated to reportable segments as follows:
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
There were no changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2019.
The Company's intangible assets primarily include merchant portfolios and other intangible assets such as non-compete agreements, trade names, acquired technology (developed internally by acquired companies prior to acquisition by the Company) and customer relationships. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, intangible assets consisted of the following:
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Other intangible assets:
Total gross carrying value
Less accumulated amortization:
Total accumulated amortization
Net carrying value
See Note 2, Acquisitions and Contributions of Assets, for information about additions made during the first six months of 2019.
Amortization expense for finite-lived intangible assets was approximately $8.2 million and $15.6 million for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, and $2.8 million and $5.5 million for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. Amortization expense for future periods could differ due to new intangible asset acquisitions, changes in useful lives of existing intangible assets, and other relevant events or circumstances.
The Company tests goodwill for impairment for each of its reporting units on an annual basis, or when events occur or circumstances indicate the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying value. The Company expects to perform its next annual goodwill impairment test as of November 30, 2019 using market data and discounted cash flow analysis. The Company concluded there were no indicators of impairment as of June 30, 2019 or December 31, 2018. As such, there was no accumulated impairment loss as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
The Company's property, equipment, and software balance primarily consists of furniture, fixtures, and equipment used in the normal course of business, computer software developed for internal use, and leasehold improvements. Computer software represents purchased software and internally developed back office and merchant interfacing systems used to assist the reporting of merchant processing transactions and other related information.
A summary of property, equipment, and software as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 follows:
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Furniture and fixtures
Less accumulated depreciation
Property, equipment, and software, net
Depreciation expense for property, equipment, and software expense totaled $1.6 million and $1.2 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, respectively, and $3.0 million and $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, respectively.
6. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES
The Company accrues for certain expenses that have been incurred and not paid, which are classified within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
The components of accounts payable and accrued expenses that exceeded five percent of total current liabilities at either June 30, 2019 or December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Accrued network fees
7. LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt, excluding amounts outstanding on the revolving credit facility, as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:
Term Loan - Senior, matures January 3, 2023 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 5.0% at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (rate of 7.41% at June 30, 2019 and 7.53% at December 31, 2018)
Term Loan - Subordinated, matures July 3, 2023 and bears interest at 5.0% plus payment-in-kind interest (rate of 10.5% at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018)
Less: current portion of long-term debt
Less: unamortized debt discounts
Less: deferred financing costs
Total long-term debt
Substantially all of the Company's assets are pledged as collateral under the Senior Credit Agreement and under a credit and guaranty agreement with Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. (the "GS Credit Agreement"). However, the Company, as the parent entity, is neither a borrower nor a guarantor of this aforementioned debt. The Company's subsidiaries that are borrowers or guarantors are referred to as the "Borrowers."
The December 2018 modification of the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement (collectively, the "Third Amendment") included a delayed draw basis amount of $70.0 million. Until the additional $70.0 million, net of a $350,000 discount, was drawn in March 2019, the Borrowers were assessed a fee on the undrawn amounts. This fee amounted to $0.4 million in the first quarter of 2019.
At June 30, 2019, the Senior Credit Agreement has a maximum borrowing amount of $422.5 million consisting of a $397.5 million term loan and a $25.0 million revolving credit facility. The allowed borrowings amount under the GS Credit Agreement is $80.0 million, excluding payment-in-kind interest.
The Senior Credit Facility mature on January 3, 2023, with the exception of the revolving credit facility which expires on January 2, 2022. Any amounts outstanding under the revolving credit facility must be paid in full before the maturity date of January 2, 2022. The GS Credit Agreement matures on July 3, 2023.
At June 30, 2019, there was $14.0 million outstanding on the revolving credit facility; no amount was outstanding as of December 31, 2018. The variable interest rate on the revolving credit facility was 7.4% at June 30, 2019. Undrawn commitment for a letter of credit under the revolving credit facility was approximately $0.1 million.
As a result of the Third Amendment, borrowings under the Senior Credit Agreement are subject to an applicable margin, or percentage per annum, equal to: (i) with respect to Initial Term Loans, (a) for LIBOR Rate Loans, 5.00% per annum and (b) for Base Rate Loans, 4.00% per annum; and (ii) with respect to Revolving Loans (a) for LIBOR Rate Loans and Letter of Credit fees, 5.00% per annum, (b) for Base Rate Loans, 4.00% per annum, and (c) for unused commitment fees, 0.50% per annum.
Under the Senior Credit Agreement, the Borrowers are required to make quarterly principal payments of approximately $1.0 million. Additionally, the Borrowers may be obligated to make certain additional mandatory prepayments based on excess cash flow, as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement. No such prepayment was due for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Contractual principal payments for long-term debt, excluding amounts outstanding on the revolving credit agreement, due after June 30, 2019 are as follows:
For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, payment-in-kind (PIK) interest under the GS Credit Agreement added $2.5 million and $2.4 million, respectively, to the principal amount of the subordinated debt.
For the quarters ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, interest expense, including amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts, was $10.8 million and $7.6 million, respectively, and these amounts for the six month ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, were $20.1 million and $14.6 million, respectively. Deferred financing costs and debt discounts are being amortized using the effective interest method over the remaining term of the respective debt and are recorded as a component of interest expense. Interest expense related to amortization of deferred finance costs and debt discounts was approximately $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the quarters ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $0.8 million and $0.7 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, respectively.
The Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement, as amended, contain representations and warranties, financial and collateral requirements, mandatory payment events, events of default, and affirmative and negative covenants, including without limitation, covenants that restrict among other things, the ability to create liens, pay dividends or distribute assets from the Company's subsidiaries to the Company, merge or consolidate, dispose of assets, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments or acquisitions, enter into certain transactions (including with affiliates), and to enter into certain leases. Substantially all of the Borrowers' assets are pledged as collateral under the Senior Credit Agreement and GS Credit Agreement. The Borrowers are also required to comply with certain restrictions on their Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement and GS Credit Agreement). As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Borrowers were in compliance with the covenants.
8. INCOME TAXES
Prior to July 25, 2018, substantially all of the Company's operations were conducted through pass-through entities for income tax purposes, and as such the Company had no material income tax accounting reflected in its financial statements for financial reporting purposes since substantially all taxable income and deductions were "passed through" to unconsolidated owners. Effective July 25, 2018, the Company is a "C Corp" and reports its income and deductions for income tax purposes. Accordingly, effective July 25, 2018, the consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the accounting for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes. The Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2018 reflect unaudited pro-forma income tax disclosure amounts to illustrate the income tax effects had the Company been subject to federal and state income taxes.
Valuation Allowance for Deferred Income Tax Assets
The Company considers all available positive and negative evidence to determine whether sufficient taxable income will be generated in the future to permit realization of the existing deferred tax assets. In accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740"), the Company is required to provide a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets when it is “more likely than not” that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
Among other provisions, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 amended Internal Revenue Code Section 163(j) to create limitations on the deductibility of business interest expense. Section 163(j) limits the business interest deduction to 30% of adjusted taxable income (ATI). For taxable years through 2021, the calculation of ATI closely aligns with earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). Commencing in 2022, the ATI limitation more closely aligns with earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), without adjusting for depreciation and amortization. Any business interest in excess of the annual limitation is carried forward indefinitely.
With respect to recording a deferred tax benefit for the carryforward of business interest, the Company is required to apply the “more likely than not” threshold for assessing recoverability. Based on management’s assessment, the Company recorded a valuation allowance in the second quarter of 2019 of $7.9 millionfor the business interest carryover comprised of (i) a discrete provision of $2.7 millionassociated with the 2018 business interest deferred tax asset and (ii) a provision of $5.2 millionassociated with the 2019 excess business interest. This $7.9 millionprovision is included in income tax expense in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2019.
The Company will continue to evaluate the realizability of the deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis and, as a result, the valuation allowance may change in future periods.
Uncertain Tax Positions
The Company recognizes the tax effects of uncertain tax positions only if such positions are more likely than not to be sustained based solely upon its technical merits at the reporting date. The Company refers to the difference between the tax benefit recognized in its financial statements and the tax benefit claimed in the income tax return as an "unrecognized tax benefit." As of June 30 2019, the net amount of our unrecognized tax benefits was not material.
The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax and income tax in multiple state jurisdictions. Tax periods for 2015 and all years thereafter remain open to examination by the federal and state taxing jurisdictions and tax periods for 2014 and all years thereafter remain open for certain state taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject.
9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company is involved in certain legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of the Company, based on consultations with inside and outside counsel, the results of any of these ordinary course matters, individually and in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material effect on its results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
Contingent Consideration for Acquisitions
For information on recognized contingent consideration related to prior business acquisitions, see Note 14, Fair Value.
Under GAAP that applies to asset acquisitions that do not meet the definition of a business, the portion of the unpaid purchase price that is contingent on future activities is not initially recorded by the acquirer on the date of acquisition. Rather, the acquirer generally recognizes contingent consideration when it becomes probable and estimable. For the Company's acquisition of certain
merchant portfolio assets from Direct Connect Merchant Services, LLC in December 2018, the purchase price includes cash contingent consideration of up to approximately $7.3 million, determinable over a period that ends on December 31, 2019. For a separate asset acquisition from another entity that occurred in March 2019 for certain merchant portfolio residual rights (Note 2, Acquisitions and Contributions of Assets), the purchase price includes cash contingent consideration of up to $6.4 million covering a period of time that extends three years from the date of acquisition. Any additional purchase price, if any, will be accounted for when payment to the seller becomes probable and it will be added to the carrying value of the asset.
Commitment to Lend
See Note 10, Related Party and Other Transactions, for information on a loan commitment extended by the Company to another entity.
10. RELATED PARTY AND OTHER TRANSACTIONS
See Note 2, Acquisitions andContributions of Assets, for information about the acquisitions of certain assets and liabilities of eTab and Cumulus.
On May 22, 2019, the Company, through one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, executed an interest-bearing loan and commitment agreement with another entity. The Company loaned the entity $3.0 million, with a commitment to loan up to $10.0 million based on certain growth metrics of the entity and continued compliance by the entity with the terms and covenants of the agreement. The Company's commitment to make additional advances under the loan agreement is dependent upon such advances not conflicting with covenants or restrictions under any of the Company's debt or other applicable agreements. Amounts loaned to this entity by the Company are secured by substantially all of the assets of the entity and by a personal guarantee. The note receivable has an interest rate of 12.0% per annum and is repayable in full in May 2024. The Company also received a warrant to purchase a non-controlling interest in this entity's equity at a fixed amount. The loan agreement also gives the Company certain rights to purchase some or all of this entity's equity in the future, at the entity's then-current fair value. The fair values of the warrant, loan commitment, and purchase right were not material at inception or at June 30, 2019.
11. RECONCILIATION OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) AND NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST
The following tables provide a reconciliation of the beginning and ending carrying amounts of equity (deficit) attributable to stockholders of the Company, and equity attributable to non-controlling interest for the periods presented:
Additional Paid-In Capital
Total Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. Stockholders' (Deficit)
(a) Before reverse acquisition and recapitalization on July 25, 2018. See "Corporate Matters" in Note 1, Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation.
(b) Par value of the common shares issued in connection with the warrant exchange rounds to less than one thousand dollars (see Note 12, Equity).
The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock with such designations, voting and other rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the board of directors. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has not issued any shares of preferred stock.
During the second quarter of 2019, the Company repurchased a total of 451,224 shares of its common stock at an average price of $5.29 per share. Total cash paid by the Company was approximately $2.4 million. The repurchases were authorized under a December 2018 resolution by the Company's board of directors, which expired during the second quarter of 2019.
Warrants for the Company's Common Stock
In August 2018, the Company was informed by Nasdaq that it intended to delist the Company's outstanding warrants and units due to an insufficient number of round lot holders for the public warrants. The Company subsequently filed a Registration Statement on Form S-4 with the SEC for the purpose of offering holders of the Company's outstanding