10-Q 1 d317290d10q.htm 10-Q 10-Q
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM
10-Q
 
 
(MARK ONE)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarter ended March 31, 2022
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
                    
to
                    
Commission File number:
001-39396
 
 
PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
85-0930174
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
787 Eleventh Avenue, Ninth Floor
New York, NY 10019
(Address of principal executive offices)
(212)
813-3700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share
 
PSTH
 
New York Stock Exchange
Redeemable warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $23.00
 
PSTH.WS
 
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
       
Non-accelerated
filer
     Smaller reporting company  
       
         Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
As
of May 6, 2022, there
were 200,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001, and 100 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001, issued and outstanding.
 
 
 
 

PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM
10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
    
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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
  
March 31, 2022
 
 
December 31, 2021
 
 
  
(Unaudited)
 
 
(Audited)
 
Assets
  
 
Current Assets:
  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
   $ 22,330,378     $ 23,156,677  
Prepaid expenses
     580,146       939,289  
Dividends receivable from operating account
     1,343       203  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Current Assets
     22,911,867       24,096,169  
Forward Purchase Agreement assets
              4,889,180  
Cash and marketable securities held in Trust Account
     4,004,210,725       4,002,943,971  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Assets
  
$
4,027,122,592
 
 
$
4,031,929,320
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit
  
 
Current Liabilities:
  
 
Accrued expenses
   $ 1,696,191     $ 1,823,470  
Income taxes payable
     166,430           
Due to related party
     3,789       3,789  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Current Liabilities
     1,866,410       1,827,259  
Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities
     1,921,680       —    
Outstanding Warrant liabilities
     237,081,895       225,339,926  
Deferred underwriting fees payable
     56,250,000       56,250,000  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Liabilities
  
 
297,119,985
 
 
 
283,417,185
 
Commitments and Contingencies
Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, 200,000,000 shares subject to possible redemption at redemption value
     4,004,044,295       4,002,943,971  
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Deficit
  
 
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
     —         —    
Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value; 3,000,000,000 shares authorized
              —    
Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 100 shares issued and outstanding
     —         —    
Additional
paid-in
capital
     25,000       25,000  
Accumulated deficit
     (274,066,688     (254,456,836
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Stockholders’ Deficit
     (274,041,688     (254,431,836
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Liabilities, Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption and Shareholders’ Deficit
  
$
4,027,122,592
 
 
$
4,031,929,320
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
1

PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
  
Three Months Ended
 
 
  
March 31,

2022
 
 
March 31,

2021
 
Interest and dividends earned in operating account
   $ 1,908     $ 638  
Legal fees
     (388,215     (83,000
Insurance expense
     (413,310     (413,310
Printing fees
     (9,500     (5,851
Accounting and tax expense
     (145,817     (23,175
Franchise tax expense
     (50,050     (50,000
Research expense
     (5,423     (7,313
Other expenses
     (46,611     (39,070
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Loss from operations
  
 
(1,057,018
 
 
(621,081
Cancelled IBC related fees (see Note 5)
              (4,705,878
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Cancelled IBC related fees
  
 
  
 
 
 
(4,705,878
Dividends earned on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     1,586           
Realized gains on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     839,103           
Change in unrealized gains on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     426,065       898,278  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Income earned in Trust Account
  
 
1,266,754
 
 
 
898,278
 
Change in fair value of Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities/assets
     (6,810,860     268,621,120  
Change in fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities
     (11,741,969     72,992,581  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Other (loss)/income
  
 
(18,552,829
 
 
341,613,701
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Loss)/income before income tax benefit/(provision)
     (18,343,093     337,185,020  
Income tax provision
     (166,435     (188,639
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net (loss)/income
  
$
(18,509,528
 
$
336,996,381
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
     200,000,000       200,000,000  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Basic net income per share, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
   $ 0.01     $ 0.00  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
     200,000,000       243,057,132  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
   $ 0.01     $ 0.00  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Basic and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding,
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
     100       100  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Basic net income/(loss) per share,
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
   $ (195,102.64   $ 3,362,867.42  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Diluted net income/(loss) per share,
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
   $ (195,102.64   $ 676,656.22  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
2

PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
 
 
  
Common Stock
 
  
Additional

Paid-In

Capital
 
  
 
 
 
Total

Stockholders’

Deficit
 
 
  
Class A
 
  
Class B
 
  
Accumulated

Deficit
 
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
Balance – December 31, 2021 (Audited)
             $           100      $         $ 25,000      $ (254,456,836   $ (254,431,836
Measurement adjustment on redeemable common stock
     —          —          —          —          —          (1,100,324     (1,100,324
Net loss
                                                       (18,509,528     (18,509,528
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Balance – March 31, 2022 (Unaudited)
  
 
  
 
  
$
  
 
  
 
100
 
  
$
  
 
  
$
25,000
 
  
$
(274,066,688
 
$
(274,041,688
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
 
 
  
Common Stock
 
  
Additional

Paid-In

Capital
 
  
 
 
 
Total

Stockholders’

Deficit
 
 
  
Class A
 
  
Class B
 
  
Accumulated

Deficit
 
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
Balance – December 31, 2020 (Audited)
             $           100      $         $ 25,000      $ (1,086,215,288   $ (1,086,190,288
Measurement adjustment on redeemable common stock
     —          —          —          —          —          (709,639     (709,639
Net income
                                                       336,996,381       336,996,381  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Balance – March 31, 2021 (Unaudited)
  
 
  
 
  
$
  
 
  
 
100
 
  
$
  
 
  
$
25,000
 
  
$
(749,928,546
 
$
(749,903,546
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
3
PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
  
Three Months Ended
 
 
  
March 31, 2022
 
 
March 31, 2021
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
  
Net (loss)/income
   $ (18,509,528   $ 336,996,381  
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss)/income to net cash used in operating activities:
                
Change in fair value of Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities/assets
     6,810,860       (268,621,120
Change in fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities
     11,741,969       (72,992,581
Dividends earned on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     (1,586         
Realized gains on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     (839,103         
Change in unrealized gains on marketable securities held in Trust Account
     (426,065     (898,278
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
                
Dividends receivable from operating account
     (1,140     (8
Prepaid expenses
     359,143       425,971  
Accrued expenses
     (127,279     4,670,051  
Income taxes payable
     166,430       188,639  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities
  
 
(826,299
 
 
(230,945
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
                  
Net change in cash
     (826,299     (230,945
Cash and cash equivalents – beginning of period
     23,156,677       25,348,287  
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents – end of period
  
$
22,330,378
 
 
$
25,117,342
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of
non-cash
activities:
  
 
Change in value of common stock subject to possible redemption
  
$
1,100,324
 
 
$
709,639
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
4

PERSHING SQUARE TONTINE HOLDINGS, LTD.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2022
Note 1—Description of Organization and Business Operations
Organization and General
Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd. (the “Company” or “PSTH”) is a blank check company incorporated in Delaware on May 4, 2020. The Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses (the “Initial Business Combination”). The Company is not limited to a particular industry or sector for purposes of consummating an Initial Business Combination.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had not commenced any operations. All activity for the period from May 4, 2020 (inception) through March 31, 2022, relates to the Company’s formation, the initial public offering (“Initial Public Offering”) described below, identifying a target for an Initial Business Combination and activities in connection with the proposed and subsequent cancellation of an Initial Business Combination with Vivendi S.E. (“Vivendi”), a corporation (société européenne) incorporated under the laws of France, in which the Company would purchase shares of Universal Music Group B.V. (“UMG”, majority-owned subsidiary of Vivendi), a private company with limited liability organized under the laws of the Netherlands, as described further in Note 5. The Company generates
non-operating
income in the form of interest and dividends from the proceeds obtained in connection with the Initial Public Offering and private placements of Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants (further discussed below), and upon any exercise under the Forward Purchase Agreement (as defined in Note 4) prior to the Initial Business Combination. The Company has selected December 31
st
as its fiscal
year-end.
The Company’s sponsor is Pershing Square TH Sponsor, LLC (“Sponsor”), a Delaware limited liability company organized on May 4, 2020. The Sponsor is an affiliate of Pershing Square Capital Management, L.P. (“PSCM”), a registered investment advisor under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, with approximately $17.5 billion of assets under management as of March 31, 2022. Our Sponsor is wholly owned by Pershing Square Holdings, Ltd., a Guernsey company, Pershing Square, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, and Pershing Square International, Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempted company, each of which is an investment fund managed by PSCM (the “Pershing Square Funds”).
The registration statement for the Company’s Initial Public Offering (the “Prospectus”) was declared effective by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on July 21, 2020. On July 24, 2020, the Company consummated its Initial Public Offering of 200,000,000
units (the
“Units” and, with respect to the shares of Class A Common Stock included in the Units sold, the “Public Shares”), a
t $20.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $4,000,000,000. Each Unit consisted of one share of Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class A Common Stock”), and
one-ninth
of one redeemable warrant (the “Distributable Redeemable Warrants” or “Public Warrants”). In addition, the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”) provides that an aggregate of 44,444,444
redeemable warrants will be distributed on a
pro-rata
basis only to holders of record of the Class A Common Stock (however acquired) (the “Public Stockholder”) that are outstanding after the Company redeems any Public Shares whose holders have elected to redeem in connection with the Company’s Initial Business Combination (the “Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants” and, collectively with the Distributable Redeemable Warrants, the “Redeemable Warrants”). The Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants will be distributed immediately before the closing of the Company’s Initial Business Combination.
The number of Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants to be distributed in respect of each such share of unredeemed Class A Common Stock is contingent upon the aggregate number of shares of Class A Common Stock that are redeemed in connection with the Initial Business Combination. The right to receive Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants will remain attached to each such share of Class A Common Stock and will not be separately transferable, assignable or salable.
Simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Public Offering, the Company consummated the private placements of the Sponsor Warrants for $65,000,000 as well as the Director Warrants for $2,837,500. Both warrants are defined and further discussed in Note 4.
Total offering costs amounted to $94,623,187, which consist of $35,000,000 of upfront underwriting fees, $56,250,000 of deferred underwriting fees (further discussed in Note 5) and $3,373,187 of other offering costs.
Upon the closing of the Initial Public Offering and the private placements, $4,000,000,000 ($20.00 per Unit) of the net proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and certain of the proceeds of the private placements of the Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants were placed in a trust account (the “Trust Account”), with the remaining proceeds placed in an operating account outside the Trust Account.
 
5

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $22,330,378 and $23,156,677, respectively, were held as unrestricted cash outside the Trust Account to pay for ongoing expenses (such as business, legal and accounting due diligence costs related to prospective acquisitions, and continuing general and administrative expenses). The Trust Account is not liable for these expenses.
On September 11, 2020, the Company’s Units ceased trading, and the Company’s Class A Common Stock and the Company’s Distributable Redeemable Warrants commenced trading separately on the New York Stock Exchange. In the separation, Unit owners received the number of shares of Class A Common Stock and Distributable Redeemable Warrants underlying their Units, with the right to receive any Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants remaining attached to such shares of Class A Common Stock.
The Trust Account
The Trust Account is located in the United States with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company acting as trustee. The proceeds held in the Trust Account are invested solely in U.S. Treasury obligations (which are United States “government securities” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(16) of the Investment Company Act) having a maturity of one hundred eighty (180) days or less or in money market funds that meet certain conditions under Rule
2a-7
promulgated under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. As of March 31, 2022, the Company held U.S. Treasury bills in the Trust Account with a face value of $3,004,747,000 maturing in April and May 2022 and a money market fund balance of $1,000,004,416 which invests solely in U.S. Treasury obligations and cash.
The proceeds, other than withdrawal of interest or dividend income to pay taxes owed in respect of the income derived from the Trust Account, will remain in the Trust Account (and will not be released) until the earlier of: (i) the consummation of the Initial Business Combination or (ii) the redemption of any shares of Class A Common Stock included in the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering that have been properly tendered in connection with a stockholder vote to amend the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to allow redemptions in connection with its Initial Business Combination, (B) to modify the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to redeem 100%
 
of the Public Shares if it does not complete its Initial Business Combination by July 24, 2022 (or January 24, 2023 if it has executed a letter of intent, agreement in principle or definitive agreement for its Initial Business Combination by July 24, 2022 but has not completed its Initial Business Combination by such date) (the “Combination Period”), or (C) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights for
pre-Initial Business Combination activities; and (iii) the redemption of 100% of the Public Shares if the Company is unable to complete an Initial
Business Combination within the Combination Period, subject to the requirements of law. 
The proceeds deposited in the Trust Account could become subject to the claims of the Company’s creditors, if any, which could have priority over the claims of the Company’s Public Stockholders.
Initial Business Combination
The Company’s management has broad discretion with respect to the specific application of the net proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants, although substantially all of these proceeds are intended to be generally applied toward consummating an Initial Business Combination. The Initial Business Combination must occur with one or more target businesses that together have an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the assets held in the Trust Account (excluding the amount of deferred underwriting fees further discussed in Note 5) at the time of the agreement to enter into the Initial Business Combination. The Company will only complete an Initial Business Combination if the post-combination business owns or acquires 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise acquires a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. Furthermore, there is no assurance that the Company will be able to successfully effect an Initial Business Combination.
The Company will provide its Public Stockholders with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their Public Shares upon the completion of an Initial Business Combination either (i) in connection with a stockholder meeting called to approve the business combination or (ii) by means of a tender offer. The decision as to whether the Company will seek stockholder approval of a proposed business combination or conduct a tender offer will be made by the Company, solely in its discretion, and will be based on a variety of factors such as the timing of the transaction and whether the terms of the transaction would otherwise require the Company to seek stockholder approval under applicable law or stock exchange listing requirements. The Public Stockholders will be entitled to redeem their Public Shares for cash equal to their
pro-rata
share of the amount then on deposit in the Trust Account as of five business days prior to the consummation of the Initial Business Combination, including any interest and dividend income earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to the Company to pay taxes owed in respect of such income derived from the Trust Account (the “Redemption Value”). The Redemption Value to be distributed to Public Stockholders who properly redeem their Public Shares will not be reduced by the deferred underwriting fees (further discussed in Note 5) that the Company will pay to the underwriters. There will be no redemption rights upon the completion of an Initial Business Combination with respect to the Company’s Class B Common Stock (as defined below) or Warrants (as defined in Note 3).
 
6

The Company will be able to proceed with an Initial Business Combination if the Company has net tangible assets of at least $5,000,001 upon such consummation of an Initial Business Combination. If the Company seeks stockholder approval, a majority of the shares voted must be voted in favor of the Initial Business Combination. If a stockholder vote is not required and the Company does not decide to hold a stockholder vote for business or other legal reasons, the Company will, pursuant to its Certificate of Incorporation, conduct the redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules of the SEC and file tender offer documents with the SEC prior to completing an Initial Business Combination. If, however, stockholder approval of the transaction is required, or the Company decides to obtain stockholder approval for business or other legal reasons, the Company will conduct the redemptions in conjunction with a proxy solicitation pursuant to the proxy rules and not pursuant to the tender offer rules. Each Public Stockholder may elect to redeem its Public Shares irrespective of whether they vote for or against the proposed transaction. If the Company seeks stockholder approval in connection with an Initial Business Combination, the Company’s Sponsor, Forward Purchasers (as defined in Note 4), directors and officers have agreed to vote their Class B Common Stock as well as any Public Shares and Forward Purchase Securities (as defined in Note 4) held by them in favor of approving the Initial Business Combination.
If the Company seeks stockholder approval of an Initial Business Combination and does not conduct redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules, the Certificate of Incorporation provides that a Public Stockholder, together with any affiliate of such stockholder or any other person with whom such stockholder is acting in concert or as a “group” (as defined under Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934), will be restricted from redeeming its shares with respect to more than an aggregate of 15% of the Public Shares, unless our board of directors determines, in its sole discretion, to waive or amend such limit with respect to a particular stockholder or “group.”
Pursuant to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, if the Company is unable to complete the Initial Business Combination within the Combination Period, the Company will (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but no more than 10 business days thereafter, redeem the Public Shares, at a per share price, payable in cash, equal to the Redemption Value (less $100,000 to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then-outstanding Public Shares, which redemption will completely extinguish Public Stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of the Company’s remaining stockholders and the Company’s board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to the Company’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. The holders of the Company’s Class B common stock, (“Class B Common Stock”) will not be issued any shares of Class A Common Stock in respect of their shares of Class B Common Stock if the Company fails to complete its Initial Business Combination within the Combination Period, and will have no rights to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account in respect of such shares, although these Class B common stockholders will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account with respect to any Public Shares that they hold (however acquired).
In the event of a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company after an Initial Business Combination, the Company’s stockholders are entitled to share ratably in all remaining assets available for distribution to them after payment of liabilities and after a provision is made for each class of stock, if any, having preference over the common stock. The Company’s stockholders have no preemptive or other subscription rights. There are no sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock.
Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements are presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form
10-Q
and Article 10 of Regulation
S-X
of the SEC. The interim financial information provided is unaudited, but includes all adjustments which management considers necessary for the fair presentation of the results for these periods. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year period or for any future periods and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K/A
for the year ended December 31, 2021 as filed with the SEC on March 4, 2022, which contains the audited financial statements and notes thereto.
Reclassification
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
 
7

Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalent accounts in financial institutions, which, at times, may exceed the Federal Depository Insurance Coverage of $250,000.
The Company does not believe it is exposed to significant risks on such accounts and has not experienced any losses.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the accompanying condensed balance sheets, primarily due to their short-term nature.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed financial statements and income and expenses during the periods reported.
Making estimates requires management to exercise significant judgment. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the unaudited condensed financial statements, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change in the near term due to one or more future confirming events. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all short-term investments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, cash and cash equivalents on the condensed balance sheets are comprised of cash in bank of $105,149 and $182,037, respectively, and a money market fund balance of $22,225,229 and $22,974,640, respectively, which are invested solely in U.S. Treasury obligations and cash.
Cash and Marketable Securities Held in Trust Account
As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, substantially all of the assets held in the Trust Account were held in U.S. Treasury obligations.
From its inception to March 31, 2022, the Company has withdrawn $596,509 of income earned on the Trust Account to pay for its income tax obligations, all of which was withdrawn during the year ended December 31, 2021.
Outstanding Warrants and FPA Liabilities
The Company accounts for the Public Warrants, the Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants (“Private Placement Warrants”, collectively with the Public Warrants, the “Outstanding Warrants”) and the Forward Purchase Agreement and Director Forward Purchase Agreement (collectively, the “FPA”) in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC
815-40,
under which the Outstanding Warrants and FPA do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as derivative liabilities or assets, (the liability related to such Outstanding Warrants, the “Outstanding Warrant liabilities”). Accordingly, the Company classifies the Outstanding Warrants and FPA as derivative liabilities or assets with changes in fair value reflected on the condensed statement of operations at each reporting period. The fair value of the Public Warrants was initially measured using a modified Black-Scholes pricing model and subsequently measured at the closing quoted market price. The Private Placement Warrants and FPA are valued using a modified Black-Scholes pricing model. See Note 7 for further details.

8

Offering Costs Associated with the Initial Public Offering
The Company complies with the requirements of ASC
340-10-S99-1
and SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 5A—“Expenses of Offering.” Offering costs consist of underwriting, legal, regulatory filing, accounting, and other costs incurred through the balance sheet date that are directly related to the Initial Public Offering. The offering costs relate to the Class A Common Stock and Distributable Redeemable Warrants which comprised the Unit sold as part of the Initial Public Offering. These costs were allocated on a relative fair value basis, with the portion of offering costs allocated to the Distributable Redeemable Warrants being charged to expense, and the portion of offering costs assigned to the Public Shares being allocated to stockholders’ equity upon the completion of the Initial Public Offering. Public Stockholders who properly redeem their Public Shares (as described in Note 1) in connection with the Initial Business Combination will not bear any of the offering costs. Total offering costs amounted
t
o $94,623,187, which consist of $35,000,000 of upfront underwriting fees, $56,250,000 of deferred underwriting fees (further discussed in Note 5) and $3,373,187 of other offering costs, of which $912,625 was charged to expense, and $93,710,562 was charged to stockholders’ equity.
Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption
The Company accounts for its Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” The Company’s conditionally redeemable Class A Common Stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of its control and subject to the occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, 200,000,000
shares of Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption are presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders’ equity section of the Company’s condensed balance sheets. The Company adjusts the carrying value of redeemable common stock to equal the redemption value of the cash held in the Trust Account net of income taxes payable at the end of each reporting period.
Class B Common Stock
The Company accounts for its Class B Common Stock as contingently convertible instruments in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 505 “Equity.” Accordingly, at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, 100 shares of Class B Common Stock are presented at cost as permanent equity on the Company’s condensed balance sheets.
Net Income (Loss) per Common Share
Net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The Company applies the treasury stock method to the Public Warrants sold in the Initial Public Offering, the private placement of the Sponsor and Director Warrants and the Forward Purchase Agreement in the calculation of diluted income (loss) per share. The ability for the Outstanding Warrants to be exercised is contingent upon the occurrence of future events that have not been met as of the end of the reporting period. Similarly, the ability for automatic conversion of Sponsor’s Class B Common Stock into Class A Common Stock is contingent upon the completion of an Initial Business Combination which has not been met as of the end of the reporting period. As a result, the Company has not considered the effect of the Outstanding Warrants or the Class B Common Stock on net income (loss) per common share for the periods presented.
The Company’s condensed statements of operations include a presentation of income (loss) per share for common shares in a manner similar to the
two-class
method of calculating income (loss) per share. Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted, for Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption is calculated by dividing the allocable income earned on the Trust Account, net of applicable income taxes, by the weighted-average number of Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption outstanding for the period.
Net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted, for Class B
non-redeemable
common stock is calculated by dividing the net income (loss), adjusted for income (loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption, by the weighted-average number of Class B
non-redeemable
common stock outstanding for the period. Class B
non-redeemable
common stock includes the 100 shares owned by the Sponsor as these shares do not have any redemption features and do not participate in the income (loss) earned on the Trust Account.
 
9

The following table reflects the calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share (in dollars, except per share amounts):
 
 
  
Three Months Ended
 
 
  
March 31, 2022
 
  
March 31, 2021
 
 
  
(Basic & Diluted)
 
  
(Basic)
 
  
(Diluted)
 
Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption
  
  
  
Numerator: Earnings allocable to Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
  
  
  
Income earned in Trust Account
   $ 1,266,754      $ 898,278      $ 898,278  
Income taxes
     (266,018      (188,639      (188,639
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Net earnings
   $ 1,000,736      $ 709,639      $ 709,639  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Denominator: Weighted-average Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
                          
Weighted-average shares outstanding, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
     200,000,000        200,000,000        243,057,132  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Net income per share, Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
  
$
0.01
 
  
$
0.00
 
  
$
0.00
 
Non-Redeemable
Class B Common Stock
                          
Numerator: Net (loss)/income minus net earnings and change in fair value of FPA assets/liabilities
                          
Net (loss)/income
   $ (18,509,528    $ 336,996,381      $ 336,996,381  
Net earnings allocable to Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption
     (1,000,736      (709,639      (709,639
Change in fair value of FPA assets/liabilities
                         (268,621,120
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Non-redeemable net (loss)/income
  
$
(19,510,264
  
$
336,286,742
 
  
$
67,665,622
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Denominator: Weighted-average
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
                          
Weighted-average shares outstanding,
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
     100        100        100  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Net (loss)/income per share,
Non-redeemable
Class B Common Stock
  
$
(195,102.64
  
$
3,362,867.42
 
  
$
676,656.22
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU
No. 2020-06,
“Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic
470-20)
and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic
815-40):
Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity” (“ASU
2020-06”),
which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. ASU
2020-06
removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. ASU
2020-06
is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU
2020-06
effective as of January 1, 2021. The adoption of ASU
2020-06
did not have an impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed financial statements.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed financial statements.
Risk and Uncertainties
Management continues to evaluate the impact of the
COVID-19
pandemic on the industry and has concluded that while it is reasonably possible that the virus could have a negative effect on the Company’s financial position, results of its operations and/or search for a target company, the specific impact is not readily determinable as of the date of these unaudited condensed financial statements. The unaudited condensed financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Note 3—Initial Public Offering
Pursuant to the Initial Public Offering on July 24, 2020, the Company sold 200,000,000
Units
 
at a price of $20.00 per Unit. Each Unit consisted of one share of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, and
one-ninth
of one Distributable Redeemable Warrants. In addition, the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation provides that an aggregate of 44,444,444 Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants will be distributed on a
pro-rata
basis to the Public Stockholders who do not redeem their Public Shares in connection with the Initial Business Combination, the distribution of which will occur immediately after such redemptions and immediately prior to the closing of the Initial Business Combination. Each whole Redeemable Warrant or Forward Purchase Warrant (as defined in Note 4, and collectively with the Redeemable Warrants, the “Warrants”) entitles the holder to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $23.00 per share, subject to adjustment (see Note 6).
 
10

Note 4—Related Party Transactions
Sponsor Shares
On May 7, 2020, the Sponsor acquired 100 shares of Class B Common Stock (the “Sponsor Shares”) for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000, or $250.00 per share. The Sponsor Shares are identical to the Class A Common Stock included in the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering except that: (i) the Sponsor Shares have, in the aggregate, the voting power of 20.0% of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company immediately following the Initial Public Offering, while the shares of Class A Common Stock have, in the aggregate, 80.0% of the voting power of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company immediately following the Initial Public Offering; (ii) the Sponsor Shares automatically convert into shares of Class A Common Stock at the time of the Company’s Initial Business Combination on a
one-for-one
basis
, subject to adjustments and certain transfer restrictions; and (iii) the holders of the Sponsor Shares have the right to elect all directors of the Company prior to the Initial Business Combination.
The Company’s Sponsor has agreed, subject to limited exceptions, not to transfer, assign or sell any of their Sponsor Shares until the earlier to occur of (A) 180 days after the completion of the Initial Business Combination or (B) subsequent to the Initial Business Combination the date on which the Company completes a liquidation, merger, stock exchange or other similar transaction that results in all of the Company’s stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for cash, securities or other property.
Sponsor Warrants
Concurrently with the Initial Public Offering, the Sponsor purchased the Sponsor Warrants for an aggregate purchase price of $65,000,000 in a private placement. The fair market value of the Sponsor Warrants as of the date of the Initial Public Offering was determined by the Company to be $65,000,000 in consultation with a third-party, nationally recognized valuation firm. The Sponsor has agreed, subject to limited exceptions, not to transfer, assign or sell the Sponsor Warrants until three years after the date of the Initial Business Combination, and will only then be exercisable for that number of shares constituting 5.95% of the common shares of the post-combination business on a fully diluted basis as of the time immediately following the Initial Business Combination, at an exercise price equal to $24.00 per common share of the post-combination business. The Sponsor Warrants will have a term of 10 years from the consummation of the Initial Business Combination. The Sponsor Warrants are not redeemable by the Company and, will be exercisable, in whole or in part, on a cash or cashless basis.
Of the proceeds from the sale of the Sponsor Warrants, $35,000,000 was deposited in the Trust Account (as described in Note 1) such that $4,000,000,000 was placed in the Trust Account, and the remainder of the proceeds of the Sponsor Warrants and the full proceeds of the Director Warrants (as defined below) are held by the Company outside the Trust Account and will be used to pay for expenses in connection with the Initial Public Offering and Initial Business Combination. If the Initial Business Combination is not completed within the Combination Period, the proceeds from the sale of the Sponsor Warrants held in the Trust Account will be used to fund the redemption of Public Shares (subject to the requirements of applicable law).
Director Warrants
Concurrently with the Initial Public Offering, each of the Company’s directors, other than Mr. Ackman, purchased an aggregate amount of $2,837,500 of director warrants (“Director Warrants”) in private placements. The directors who have purchased Director Warrants have agreed, subject to limited exceptions, not to transfer, assign or sell such Director Warrants until three years after the completion of the Initial Business Combination. Each Director Warrant will be exercisable for a percentage of the common shares of the post-combination business calculated as the purchase price of such Director Warrant divided by the purchase price of the Sponsor Warrants, multiplied by 5.95%, reflecting fair market value as determined with respect to the Sponsor Warrants. The aggregate Director Warrants will be exercisable for approximately 0.26% of the common shares of the post-combination business on a fully diluted basis. The exercise price per common share of the post-combination business will be $24.00. The Director Warrants will have a term of 10 years from the consummation of the Initial Business Combination. The Director Warrants are not redeemable by the Company and will be exercisable, in whole or in part, on a cash or cashless basis.
The Sponsor Warrants and the Director Warrants will be exercisable, in the aggregate, for that number of shares equal to approximately 6.21% of the shares of the post-combination business on a fully diluted basis.
Forward Purchase Agreement
On June 21, 2020, the Pershing Square Funds (each a “Forward Purchaser” and collectively the “Forward Purchasers”) entered into a Forward Purchase Agreement (the “Forward Purchase Agreement”) with the Company, regarding the purchase of units (the “Forward Purchase Units”), each of which has a purchase price of $20.00 and consists of one share of Class A Common Stock (the “Forward Purchase Shares”), and
one-third
of one warrant (the “Forward Purchase Warrants”). Pursuant to the Forward Purchase Agreement, the Forward Purchasers agreed to purchase an aggregate amount of $1,000,000,000 of Forward Purchase Units (the “Committed Forward Purchase Units”), or 50,000,000 such units. The purchase of the Committed Forward Purchase Units will take place in one or more private placements in such amounts and at such time or times as the Forward Purchasers determine, with the full amount to have been purchased no later than simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Business Combination. The Forward Purchasers are not permitted to transfer the right to purchase the Committed Forward
Purchase Units.
 
11

The Forward Purchase Agreement also provides that the Forward Purchasers may elect to purchase up to an additional aggregate amount of $2,000,000,000 of Forward Purchase Units (the “Additional Forward Purchase Units”), or up to 100,000,000 such units, in whole or in part, in one or more private placements in such amounts and at such time or times as the Forward Purchasers determine, but no later than simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Business Combination. The Company and the Forward Purchasers may determine, by mutual agreement, to increase the number of Additional Forward Purchase Units at any time prior to the Initial Business Combination. The Forward Purchasers may transfer the right to purchase the Additional Forward Purchase Units, in whole or in part, to any entity that is managed by Pershing Square Capital Management, L.P. (the “Affiliate Transferees”), but not to any third party. The Forward Purchasers’ obligation or right, as applicable, to purchase the Forward Purchase Units will be allocated among the Forward Purchasers from time to time.
The Forward Purchase Shares, the Forward Purchase Warrants and the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the Forward Purchase Warrants (collectively, the “Forward Purchase Securities”) have terms identical to those of the shares of Class A Common Stock and the Redeemable Warrants included in the Units sold in the Initial Public Offering, except, (i) the Forward Purchase Securities will be subject to transfer restrictions and will have certain rights as long as they are held by the Forward Purchaser or its permitted transferees; (ii) the Forward Purchase Warrants will not have the right to vote on any amendments to the warrant agreement prior to the Initial Business Combination, except with respect to certain provisions relating solely to restrictions on the transfer of the Forward Purchase Securities; and (iii) the Forward Purchase Shares will not be entitled to receive any Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants, will not have any redemption rights in connection with the Initial Business Combination or in connection with certain amendments to the Certificate of Incorporation, and will not have any right to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account in the event that the Company fails to complete its Initial Business Combination within the Combination Period. Such Forward Purchase Securities will be subject to certain transfer restrictions and have certain registration rights.
Director Forward Purchase Agreement
On July 21, 2020, the Company entered into a Director Forward Purchase Agreement with certain of its independent directors (the “Director Forward Purchasers”). The Director Forward Purchasers agreed to purchase, in one or more private placements in such amounts and at such time or times as each Director Forward Purchasers determines, but no later than simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Business Combination, an aggregate amount of $6,000,000 of Forward Purchase Units. The Director Forward Purchasers may not transfer their obligation to purchase such Forward Purchase Units, other than to the Sponsor, its affiliates and other directors. Such Forward Purchase Securities will be subject to certain transfer restrictions and have certain registration rights.
Registration Rights
On July 21, 2020, the Company entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with the Sponsor, the Forward Purchasers and the independent directors of the Company, pursuant to which the Company is required to use commercially reasonable efforts to file within 120 days of the Initial Business Combination, and use best efforts to cause such registration statement to be declared effective as soon as practicable (but in no event later than 60 days) thereafter, providing for the resale, under Rule 415 of the Securities Act, of (i) the Sponsor Warrants, (ii) the Director Warrants, (iii) the shares issuable upon the exercise of the Sponsor Warrants or Director Warrants, (iv) the Forward Purchase Securities, (v) the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Sponsor’s Class B Common Stock and (vi) any other shares or warrants of the Company that the parties to the Registration Rights Agreement have purchased on the open market, subject to certain conditions as provided in the Registration Rights Agreement. The parties to the Registration Rights Agreement, and their permitted transferees, will be entitled to make up to 10 demands that the Company register the foregoing securities, and will have certain “piggyback rights” with respect to other registration statements filed by the Company. The post-combination business will bear the expenses in connection with the filing of any such registration statements.
Related Party Loans
The Sponsor agreed to loan the Company up to $1,500,000 to cover expenses related to the Initial Public Offering, general corporate purposes prior to the Initial Business Combination and potential transaction costs in connection with the Initial Business Combination, pursuant to a promissory note (the “Note”). The Note bears interest on a monthly basis at the Applicable Federal Rate, and is payable no later than the end of the Combination Period. The total borrowings under the Note in the amount of $1,121,320 (inclusive of $200 interest due to the Sponsor) were repaid upon the consummation of the Initial Public Offering on July 24, 2020. Pursuant to the terms of the Note, once an amount has been drawn down under the Note, it shall not be available for future drawdown requests even if repaid. As such, as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $378,880 was left under the promissory note that could be drawn down; however, there were no borrowings outstanding under the Note.
 
12
Due to Related Party
During the year ended December 
31
,
2021
the Company incurred $
25,148,893
of expenses related to the Proposed IBC (defined and further discussed in Note
5)
. Pershing Square Holdings, Ltd. and certain of its affiliates, as assignees of the Proposed IBC, reimbursed the Company $
25,152,682
during the year ended December 
31
,
2021
, which includes an over-reimbursement of $
3,789
due to a change in foreign exchange rate. As of March 
31
,
2022
, $
3,789
was included in “due to related party” on the Company’s condensed balance sheets.
Assignment Agreement
On July 
18
,
2021
, the Company entered into an Assignment Agreement with Pershing Square Holdings, Ltd. and certain of its affiliates, pursuant to which the Company assigned its rights under the Share Purchase Agreement (as defined and further discussed in Note
5)
to the Assignees. The Assignees have also agreed to assume the indemnity agreement between the Company and Vivendi, and to reimburse the Company for the expenses incurred in connection with the Proposed IBC (as defined and further discussed in Note
5)
, which totaled $
25,148,893
. As of March 
31
,
2022
, all expenses have been reimbursed to the Company.
Note 5—Commitments and Contingencies
Proposed and Subsequent Cancellation of an Initial Business Combination
Below is a description of the proposed Initial Business Combination, which was ultimately not consummated.
On June 20, 2021, the Company entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Share Purchase Agreement”) with Vivendi SE to purchase a number of ordinary shares, par value €10 per share (the “UMG Shares”), representing approximately 10% of the share capital and voting rights, on a fully diluted basis, of Universal Music Group (“UMG”) for approximately $4 billion (the “Share Purchase”), with the expectation that the Company would distribute the UMG Shares to its Public Stockholders (the “Distribution” and together with the Share Purchase, the “Proposed IBC”). The Company expected that the Share Purchase would be consummated in the third quarter of 2021 and the Shares held in trust under the Distribution which would occur in November or December 2021.
In connection with the Proposed IBC, the Company and Vivendi also entered into an indemnification agreement pursuant to which the Company agreed to indemnify Vivendi and certain of its related parties for certain potential liabilities in connection with the Company’s redemption tender offer, the warrant exchange offer and the Distribution (each as further described below).
Also on June 20, 2021, the Company, the Sponsor, the Pershing Square Funds and the Company’s independent directors entered into the Pershing Entities Letter Agreement, pursuant to which:
 
   
The Company and the Pershing Square Funds agreed to amend and restate the Forward Purchase Agreement concurrently with the closing of the Proposed IBC, pursuant to which the Forward Purchasers would exercise their right to purchase an aggregate amount of $1.6 billion of Forward Purchase Units ($1.0 billion of Committed Forward Purchase Units and $600 million of Additional Forward Purchase Units). The price per share at which the Pershing Square Funds would have exercised such amended Forward Purchase Agreement would be equal to RemainCo’s net asset value at the time of such purchase;
 
   
The Company and the Sponsor agreed to amend the Sponsor Warrants concurrently with the closing of the Proposed IBC, such that the Sponsor Warrants would not be exercised or otherwise participate in the Proposed IBC. Instead, they would remain in place, but the exercise price would be adjusted to equal 120% of RemainCo’s net asset value immediately prior to the time it completed its anticipated future business combination with an operating business; and
 
   
The Company and its independent directors agreed that the Director Warrants would not be exercised in connection with the Proposed IBC, and would be amended concurrently with the closing of the Proposed IBC. The result of such amendment would have been that, (i) the holders of the Director Warrants would receive shares in the Company in exchange for approximately 72% of the fair market value of the Director Warrants (as determined by a third-party valuation firm), to compensate for the fact that they would not participate in the Proposed IBC as originally envisioned, (ii) such shares would participate in the Distribution and (iii) the roughly 28% of the value of the Director Warrants would remain in place with their exercise price adjusted in the same manner as the exercise price of the Sponsor Warrants as explained above.
 
13

The Company further announced that it expected to undertake a 1:4 reverse stock split following the issuance of the Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants, all warrants in respect of the Forward Purchase Agreement and Director Forward Purchase Agreements and the Distribution to target a net asset value (“NAV”) of approximately $22 per share.
Pursuant to the Proposed IBC, following the Distribution, the Company would have continued to exist and it would not have disappeared into UMG nor would it have been liquidated. The Company that would have continued to exist is referred to herein as “RemainCo”. RemainCo would have been the same corporate entity and it would have continued to be named Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd. The Public Stockholders would have continued to own shares in RemainCo, and it was intended that RemainCo would pursue a traditional business combination with an operating business (RemainCo’s “Future Business Combination”). 
On July 8, 2021, the Company launched (i) a redemption tender offer which was intended to provide Public Stockholders with the opportunity to exercise their right to redeem their shares of Class A Common Stock in connection with the Proposed IBC and (ii) a warrant exchange offer which provided holders of the Company’s currently outstanding Distributable Redeemable Warrants the opportunity to exchange those warrants for shares of Class A Common Stock at a ratio of 0.2650 shares per warrant.
On July 19, 2021, the Company announced that its board of directors had unanimously determined not to proceed with the Proposed IBC and the Company had agreed to assign its rights and obligations under the Share Purchase Agreement with Vivendi to Pershing Square Holdings, Ltd. and certain of its affiliates (the “Assignees”). The Assignees agreed to purchase or cause to be purchased at least 5% of the share capital of UMG on the terms and subject to the conditions of the Share Purchase Agreement and Vivendi acknowledged that if the Assignees purchased at least 5% of the share capital of UMG, the Share Purchase Agreement would be of no further force with respect to remaining UMG shares to be purchased under the Share Purchase Agreement. In addition, the Assignees, severally in accordance with their obligations to purchase UMG shares, agreed to assume and reimburse the Company for
out-of-pocket
expenses incurred to that time by the Company in connection with transactions related to the Proposed IBC, which totaled $25.1 million. The Assignees also assumed, severally in accordance with their obligations to purchase UMG shares, the Company’s obligations under the indemnification agreement, between the Company and Vivendi.
On July 21, 2021, the Company terminated its redemption tender offer and warrant exchange offer, and no shares were redeemed from the Company. As a result of the termination of these offers and the cancellation of the Proposed IBC, the Pershing Entities Letter Agreement did not come into effect and there have been no changes to the instruments discussed as exhibits to such letter agreement. The FPA, Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants remain as initially issued as of June 21, 2020 and July 21, 2020, respectively.
The Company continues to seek an initial business combination.
On August 10, 2021, the Assignees completed an initial closing under the Share Purchase Agreement, as a result of which the Company was released from its obligations under the Share Purchase Agreement and the indemnification agreement described above (which indemnity was allocated without the participation of the Company, among the Pershing Square Funds). Also on August 10, 2021, the Company entered into an assignment of the registration rights agreement to the Assignees, at which time the registration rights agreement was amended to provide, among other things, the Assignees certain rights to register UMG shares for a public offering no earlier than 2023 rather than providing for the Distribution that the Company originally envisioned.
Underwriting Agreement
The underwriters are entitled to a deferred fee of $
0.28
per Unit, or $
56,250,000
in the aggregate. The aggregate deferred underwriting fees include (i) the deferral of any underwriting fees, other than the retail selling concessions, in excess of $
30,000,000
(a deferral of $
12,500,000)
, plus (ii) a
2.0
% rate applied to the gross offering proceeds, subject to a $
56,250,000
cap on the amount of such aggregate deferred underwriting fees. If the amount of proceeds from the Trust Account paid in connection with the redemption rights of Public Stockholders, together with the amount of any capital raised in private placements in connection with the Initial Business Combination from investors other than Sponsor or its affiliates (the “Net Redemptions”), results in the Company having less than $
2,000,000,000
of cash available upon consummation of the Initial Business Combination, only
25.0
% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be payable.
If such amount of cash available is $2,000,000,000 or greater, 50% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be payable, and the remaining 50% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be subject to a
pro-rata
reduction based on the amount of Net Redemptions as a percentage of the total public proceeds of the Initial Public Offering.
The deferred underwriting fees will be waived by the underwriters solely in the event that the Company does not complete the Initial Business Combination, subject to the terms of the underwriting agreement entered into by the Company and the underwriters on July 21, 2020.
 
14

Litigation
On August 
17
,
2021
, a purported stockholder of the Company filed a putative derivative lawsuit in U.S. Federal Court in New York, Assad v. Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd., et al, (S.D.N.Y), against the Company, its independent directors and certain affiliates of the Company’s Sponsor alleging that the Company was operating as an illegal investment company, because among other claims, the Company had invested the proceeds from its initial public offering in securities (in the Company’s case, short-term U.S. Treasury securities and money market funds that own short-term U.S. Treasury securities). The lawsuit also claims that, despite the Company’s stated purpose to search for and complete an initial business combination, the Company has instead been engaged primarily in the business of investing in securities in violation of the Investment Company Act of
1940
. An amended complaint filed on October 
8
,
2021
added direct claims related to the same core allegations. The defendants have filed motions to dismiss, which were fully briefed as of December 
13
,
2021
. On December 
16
,
2021
, the Court stayed discovery in the action pending decision on the motions to dismiss. The Company believes that this lawsuit is meritless and intends to defend against these claims vigorously. Nevertheless, as the Company has previously disclosed, it may be unlikely that the lawsuit, even if meritless, can finally be resolved in the short-term, which may make it more difficult for the Company to complete an initial business combination in a timely manner.
The Company has also received requests for books and records from certain purported stockholders pursuant to Section 220 of the Delaware General Corporation Law and has provided or agreed to provide certain information in response to those requests.
Note 6—Stockholders’ Equity
Common Stock
The authorized common stock of the Company includes up to 3,000,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share, and 20,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. If the Company enters into an Initial Business Combination, it may (depending on the terms of such Initial Business Combination) be required to increase the number of shares of Class A Common Stock which the Company is authorized to issue at the same time the Company’s stockholders vote on the Initial Business Combination to the extent the Company seeks stockholder approval in connection with the Initial Business Combination. The shares of Class A Common Stock have, in the aggregate, 80.0% of the voting power of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company as of the time immediately following the Initial Public Offering and the shares of Class B Common Stock have, in the aggregate, the voting power of 20.0% of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company.
At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 there were
 200,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock issued and outstanding and 100 shares of Class B Common Stock issued and outstanding.
Preferred Stock
The Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock with such designations, voting and other rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Company’s board of directors. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.
Warrants
Each whole Warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one whole share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $23.00 per share, subject to adjustment, at any time commencing on the later of 12 months from the closing of the Initial Public Offering or 30 days after the completion of the Initial Business Combination. The Warrants will expire five years after the completion of the Initial Business Combination, at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
No fractional shares of Class A Common Stock will be issued upon exercise of the Warrants. If, upon exercise, a holder would be entitled to receive a fractional interest in a share, the Company will round down to the nearest whole number of the number of shares of Class A Common Stock to be issued to the holder. If, at the time of redemption, the Warrants are exercisable for a security other than the Class A Common Stock, pursuant to the warrant agreement (for instance, if the Company is not the surviving company in the Initial Business Combination), the Warrants may be exercised for such security. At such time as the Warrants become exercisable for a security other than the Class A Common Stock, the Company (or surviving company) will use its commercially reasonable efforts to register under the Securities Act the security issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants.
The Company will not be obligated to deliver any shares of Class A Common Stock pursuant to the exercise of a Warrant and will have no obligation to settle such Warrant exercise unless a registration statement under the Securities Act with respect to the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the Warrants is then effective and a prospectus relating thereto is current, subject to the Company satisfying its obligations described below with respect to registration. No Warrant will be exercisable and the Company will not be obligated to issue shares of Class A Common Stock upon exercise of a Warrant unless the Class A Common Stock issuable upon such Warrant exercise has been registered, qualified or deemed to be exempt under the securities laws of the state of residence of the registered holder of the Warrant. In the event that the conditions in the two immediately preceding sentences are not satisfied with respect to a Warrant, the holder of such warrant will not be entitled to exercise such Warrant and such Warrant may have no value and expire worthless. In no event will the Company be required to net cash settle any Warrant. In the event that a registration statement is not effective for the exercised Warrants, the purchaser of a Unit containing such Warrant will have paid the full purchase price for the Unit solely for the share of Class A Common Stock underlying such Unit.
 
15

The Company has agreed that as soon as practicable, but in no event later than 15 business days after the closing of the Initial Business Combination, it will use its best efforts to file with the SEC a registration statement for the registration, under the Securities Act, of the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants. The Company will use its best efforts to cause the same to become effective within 60 business days after such closing, and to maintain the effectiveness of such registration statement, and a current prospectus relating thereto, until the Warrants expire or are redeemed, as specified in the warrant agreement.
Notwithstanding the above, if the Class A Common Stock is at the time of any exercise of a Warrant not listed on a national securities exchange such that it satisfies the definition of a “covered security” under Section 18(b)(1) of the Securities Act, the Company may, at its option, require holders of Warrants who exercise their Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis” in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act and, in the event the Company so elects, it will not be required to file or maintain in effect a registration statement, but it will be required to use commercially reasonable efforts to register or qualify the shares under applicable blue sky laws to the extent an exemption is not available. If a registration statement covering the Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants is not effective by
the 60
th
day after the closing of the Initial Business Combination, Warrant holders may, until such time as there is an effective registration statement and during any period when the Company will have failed to maintain an effective registration statement, exercise Warrants on a “cashless basis” in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act or another exemption. In such event, each holder would pay the exercise price by surrendering the Warrants for that number of Class A Common Stock equal to the lesser of (A) the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of Class A Common Stock underlying the Warrants, multiplied by the excess of the “fair market value” (defined herein) less the exercise price of the Warrants by (y) the fair market value and (B) 0.3611 per Warrant. The “fair market value” as used in this paragraph shall mean the average of the daily volume-weighted average trading prices of the Class A Common Stock during the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the trading day prior to the date on which the notice of exercise is received by the warrant agent.
Redemption of Warrants when the price per share of Class
 A Common Stock equals or exceeds $36.00.
Once the Warrants become exercisable, the Company may call the Warrants for redemption:
 
   
in whole and not in part;
 
   
at a price of $0.01 per Warrant;
 
   
upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption to each Warrant holder, provided that holders will be able to exercise their Warrants prior to the time of redemption and, at the Company’s election, any such exercise may be required to be on a cashless basis as described below; and
 
   
if, and only if, the daily volume-weighted average price of the Class A Common Stock equals or exceeds $36.00 per share (subject to adjustments) for any 20 trading days within a
30-trading-day
period ending three trading days before the Company sends the notice of redemption to the Warrant holders.
The Company will not redeem the Warrants as described above unless (i) a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating to those shares of Class A Common Stock is available throughout the
30-day
redemption period or (ii) if the Warrants may be exercised on a cashless basis and such cashless exercise is exempt from registration under the Securities Act. If and when the Warrants become redeemable by the Company, it may exercise its redemption right even if the Company is unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities laws.
If the Company elects to require any holder wishing to exercise their Warrants to do so on a cashless basis, each holder would pay the exercise price by surrendering the Warrants for that number of Class A Common Stock equal to the lesser of (A) the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of Class A Common Stock underlying the Warrants, multiplied by the excess of the “fair market value” (defined herein) less the exercise price of the Warrants by (y) the fair market value and (B) 0.3611 per redeemable Warrant. The “fair market value” as used in this paragraph shall mean the average of the daily volume-weighted average trading prices of the Class A Common Stock during the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the registered holders of the Warrants. In determining whether to require any such exercises to be made on a cashless basis in connection with this redemption provision, the Company will consider, among other factors, its cash position, the number of Warrants that are outstanding, and the dilutive effect on the Company’s stockholders of issuing the maximum number of shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such Warrants.
The Company has established the last of the redemption criteria discussed above to prevent a redemption call unless there is at the time of the call a significant premium to the Warrant exercise price. If the foregoing conditions are satisfied and the Company issues a notice of redemption of the Warrants, each Warrant holder will be entitled to exercise its Warrant prior to the scheduled redemption date. However, the price of the Class A Common Stock may fall below the $36.00 redemption trigger price (subject to adjustments) as well as the $23.00 Redeemable Warrant exercise price after the redemption notice is issued.
 
16

Redemption of Warrants when the price per share of Class
 A Common Stock equals or exceeds $20.00
. In addition, once the Warrants become exercisable, the Company may call the Redeemable Warrants (and the Forward Purchase Warrants) for redemption:
 
   
in whole and not in part;
 
   
at $0.10 per Warrant
 
   
upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption; provided that holders will be able to exercise their Warrants on a cashless basis prior to redemption and receive that number of shares determined by reference to the table included in the Company’s Prospectus filed with the SEC, based on the redemption date and the “fair market value” of the Class A Common Stock except as otherwise described below; and
 
   
if, and only if, the daily volume-weighted average price of the Class A Common Stock equals or exceeds $20.00 per Public Share (subject to adjustments) for any 20 trading days within the
30-trading-day
period ending three trading days before the Company sends the notice of redemption to the Warrant holders.
If the number of outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock is increased by a stock dividend payable in shares of Class A Common Stock, or by a
split-up
of shares of Class A Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such stock dividend,
split-up
or similar event, the number of shares of Class A Common Stock issuable on exercise of each Warrant will be increased in proportion to such increase in the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock. A rights offering to holders of Class A Common Stock entitling holders to purchase shares of Class A Common Stock at a price less than the historical fair market value (as defined below) will be deemed a stock dividend of a number of shares of Class A Common Stock equal to the product of (i) the number of shares of Class A Common Stock actually sold in such rights offering (or issuable under any other equity securities sold in such rights offering that are convertible into or exercisable for Class A Common Stock) multiplied by (ii) one (1) minus the quotient of (x) the price per share of Class A Common Stock paid in such rights offering divided by (y) the historical fair market value. For these purposes (i) if the rights offering is for securities convertible into or exercisable for Class A Common Stock, in determining the price payable for Class A Common Stock, there will be taken into account any consideration received for such rights, as well as any additional amount payable upon exercise or conversion and (ii) historical fair market value means the average of the daily volume-weighted average trading prices of the Class A Common Stock during the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the trading day prior to the first date on which the shares of Class A Common Stock trade on the applicable exchange or in the applicable market, regular way, without the right to receive such rights.
In addition, if the Company, at any time while the Redeemable Warrants are outstanding and unexpired, pays a dividend or makes a distribution in cash, securities or other assets to the holders of Class A Common Stock on account of such shares of Class A Common Stock (or other shares of the Company’s capital stock into which the Redeemable Warrants are convertible), other than: (a) as described above; (b) certain ordinary cash dividends; (c) to satisfy the redemption rights of the holders of Class A Common Stock in connection with a proposed Initial Business Combination; (d) to satisfy the redemption rights of the holders of Class A Common Stock in connection with a stockholder vote to amend the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation (i) to modify the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to allow redemptions in connection with the Initial Business Combination, (ii) to modify the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to redeem 100% of the shares of Class A Common Stock issued in the Initial Public Offering if it does not complete the Initial Business Combination within the Combination Period or (iii) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights or
pre-Initial
Business Combination activity; or (e) in connection with the redemption of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock upon its failure to complete the Initial Business Combination within the Combination Period, then the Redeemable Warrant exercise price will be decreased, effective immediately after the effective date of such event, by the amount of cash and/or the fair market value of any securities or other assets paid on each share of Class A Common Stock in respect of such event.
If the number of outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock is decreased by a consolidation, combination, reverse stock split or reclassification of shares of Class A Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such consolidation, combination, reverse stock split, reclassification or similar event, the number of shares of Class A Common Stock issuable on exercise of each Redeemable Warrant will be decreased in proportion to such decrease in outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock.
Whenever the number of shares of Class A Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Redeemable Warrants is adjusted, as described above, the Warrant exercise price will be adjusted by multiplying the Warrant exercise price immediately prior to such adjustment by a fraction (x) the numerator of which will be the number of shares of Class A Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Redeemable Warrants immediately prior to such adjustment, and (y) the denominator of which will be the number of shares of Class A Common Stock so purchasable immediately thereafter.
In addition, if (i) the Company issues additional shares of Class A Common Stock, equity-linked securities or any other instrument that is convertible or exercisable into, or exchangeable for, Class A Common Stock for capital raising purposes in connection with the closing of the Initial Business Combination at an issue price or effective issue price of less than $18.40 per share (with such issue price or effective issue price to be determined in good faith by the Company’s board of directors) (the “Newly Issued Price”), (ii) the aggregate gross proceeds from such issuances represent more than 60% of the total equity proceeds (including from such issuances, the Initial Public Offering, the sale of the Forward Purchase Units
 
17

and any interest thereon, net of redemptions) that are available for the funding of the Initial Business Combination on the date of the consummation thereof (net of redemptions) and (iii) the daily volume-weighted average trading price of Class A Common Stock during the
20-trading-day
period starting on the trading day prior to the date on which the Company consummates i
ts Initial Business Combination (such price, the “Market Value”) is below $18.40 per share, the exercise price of the Warrants will be adjusted (to the nearest cent) to 115% of the higher of the Market Value and the Newly Issued Price, and the $36.00 per share redemption trigger price will be adjusted (to the nearest cent) to be equal to 180% of the higher of the Market Value and the Newly Issued Price, and the $20.00 per share redemption trigger price will be adjusted (to the nearest cent) to be equal to 100% of the higher of the Market Value and the Newly Issued Price.
In case of any reclassification or reorganization of the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock (other than those described above or that solely affects the par value of such shares of Class A Common Stock), or in the case of any merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another corporation (other than a consolidation or merger in which the Company is the continuing corporation and that does not result in any reclassification or reorganization of its outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock), or in the case of any sale or conveyance to another corporation or entity of the assets or other property of the Company as an entirety or substantially as an entirety in connection with which the Company is dissolved, the holders of the Redeemable Warrants will thereafter have the right to purchase and receive, upon the basis and the terms and conditions specified in the Redeemable Warrants and in lieu of the shares of the Company Class A Common Stock immediately theretofore purchasable and receivable upon the exercise of the rights represented thereby, the kind and amount of shares of stock or other securities or property (including cash) receivable upon such reclassification, reorganization, merger or consolidation, or upon a dissolution following any such sale or transfer, that the holder of the Redeemable Warrants would have received if such holder had exercised their warrants immediately prior to such event. However, if such holders were entitled to exercise a right of election as to the kind or amount of securities, cash or other assets receivable upon such consolidation or merger, then the kind and amount of securities, cash or other assets for which each warrant will become exercisable will be deemed to be the weighted-average of the kind and amount received per share by such holders in such consolidation or merger that affirmatively make such election, and if a tender, exchange or redemption offer has been made to and accepted by such holders (other than a tender, exchange or redemption offer made by the Company in connection with redemption rights held by the Company’s stockholders as provided for in its Certificate of Incorporation or as a result of the redemption of Class A Common Stock by the Company if a proposed Initial Business Combination is presented to its stockholders for approval) under circumstances in which, upon completion of such tender or exchange offer, the maker thereof, together with members of any group (within the meaning of Rule
13d-5(b)(1)
under the Exchange Act) of which such maker is a part, and together with any affiliate or associate of such maker (within the meaning of Rule
12b-2
under the Exchange Act) and any members of any such group of which any such affiliate or associate is a part, own beneficially (within the meaning of Rule
13d-3
under the Exchange Act) more than 50% of the issued and outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock, the holder of a warrant will be entitled to receive the highest amount of cash, securities or other property to which such holder would actually have been entitled as a stockholder if such warrant holder had exercised the warrant prior to the expiration of such tender or exchange offer, accepted such offer and all of the Class A Common Stock held by such holder had been purchased pursuant to such tender or exchange offer, subject to adjustment (from and after the consummation of such tender or exchange offer) as nearly equivalent as possible to the adjustments provided for in the warrant agreement. If less than 70% of the consideration receivable by the holders of Class A Common Stock in such a transaction is payable in the form of common stock in the successor entity that is listed for trading on a national securities exchange or is quoted in an established
over-the-counter
market, or is to be so listed for trading or quoted immediately following such event, and if the registered holder of the redeemable warrant properly exercises the redeemable warrant within thirty days following public disclosure of such transaction, the warrant exercise price will be reduced as specified in the warrant agreement based on the Black-Scholes value (as defined in the warrant agreement) of the redeemable warrant. The purpose of such exercise price reduction is to provide additional value to holders of the Redeemable Warrants when an extraordinary transaction occurs during the exercise period of the Redeemable Warrants pursuant to which the holders of the Redeemable Warrants otherwise do not receive the full potential value of the warrants.
The Redeemable Warrants and the Forward Purchase Warrants will have identical terms in all respects, except that the Forward Purchase Warrants will have no right to vote on amendments to the warrant agreement prior to the Initial Business Combination (with limited exceptions), and (along with the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the Forward Purchase Warrants) will be subject to certain transfer restrictions and have certain registration rights as long as they are held by the Forward Purchasers or their permitted transferees.
The Commitments of $4,004,044,295 and $4,002,943,971 (net of income taxes) as reflected on the condensed balance sheets, relate to the Class A Common Stock held by the Public Stockholders that are subject to redemption (with the associated cash required for such redemption held in the Trust Account) as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. There were $22,330,378 and $23,156,677 of cash remaining as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, after payment of relevant expenses incurred to date, from the private placements of the Sponsor Warrants and the Director Warrants (the “Excess Warrant Proceeds”). The Excess Warrant Proceeds will be reduced as the Company incurs ongoing expenses. In the case of an Initial Business Combination, the Excess Warrant Proceeds may be applied toward general corporate purposes, including for maintenance or expansion of operations of the post-combination business, the payment of principal or interest due on indebtedness incurred in completing the Initial Business Combination, to fund the purchase of other companies or make other investments, or for working capital. In the event of no Initial Business Combination or any event that results in a liquidation, the Excess Warrant Proceeds will be allocated to the holders of the Class B common stockholders after payment of all amounts owed to the Class A Common Stockholders and creditors (if any). The Sponsor Warrants and the Director Warrants will not be entitled to any liquidating distributions.
 
18

Note 7—Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures fair value of financial instruments in accordance with ASC 820,
Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures
. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities approximates the carrying amounts represented on the condensed balance sheets.
The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities reflects management’s estimate of amounts that the Company would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid for transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from independent sources) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (internal assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The level within which the fair value measurements are categorized is determined on the basis of the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable and unobservable inputs used to value the assets and liabilities:
 
Level 1:
  
Valuation determined based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. An active market for an asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
Level 2:
  
Valuation determined based on observable inputs other than Level 1 inputs. Examples of Level 2 inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.
Level 3:
  
Valuation determined based on unobservable inputs on the Company’s assessment of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
At March 31, 2022, assets held in the Trust Account include $3,004,206,309 in U.S. Treasury Bills and a money market fund balance of $1,000,004,416 which invests solely in U.S. Treasury obligations and cash. At December 31, 2021, assets held in the Trust Account include cash of $830 and $4,002,943,141 in U.S. Treasury Bills.
The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques the Company utilized to determine such fair value:
 
Description
  
Level
 
  
March 31, 2022
 
  
December 31, 2021
 
Assets:
  
  
  
Cash and marketable securities held in Trust Account
     1      $ 4,004,210,725      $ 4,002,943,971  
Committed Forward Purchase Agreement Asset
     3                  6,569,180  
Liabilities:
  
  
  
Outstanding Warrants Liability – Public Warrants
     1        20,888,889        29,333,333  
Outstanding Warrants Liability – Private Placement Warrants
     3        216,193,006        196,006,593  
Committed Forward Purchase Agreement Liability
     3        281,680            
Additional Forward Purchase Agreement Liability
     3        1,640,000        1,680,000  
As of March 31, 2022, the net fair value of the committed FPA and additional FPA was classified as derivative liabilities. As of December 31, 2021, the net fair value of the committed FPA and additional FPA was classified as derivative assets as presented on the condensed balance sheets due to changes in its fair value during the year ended December 31, 2021. See below for further details of the significant unobservable inputs related to its valuation.
Initial Measurement
In accordance with ASC
815-40,
the Outstanding Warrants and FPA were accounted for as liabilities. Initial fair values of the Outstanding Warrants and FPA were established when the Company’s Initial Public Offering was declared effective on July 21, 2020, using a modified Black-Scholes pricing model.
 
19

Subsequent Measurement
The Company, at each reporting period,
re-evaluates
the inputs utilized in the modified Black-Scholes pricing model to measure the fair values of the Private Placement Warrants and FPA based on the Pershing Entities Letter Agreement, as if it were to become effective, with changes in their respective fair values reflected on the condensed statements of operations. On September 11, 2020, the Company’s Class A Common Stock and Public Warrants commenced trading separately on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”). As there is now a listed price on an active market, the Public Warrants were reclassified from a Level 3 to Level 1 instrument.
The significant observable and unobservable inputs used in determining the fair values of the Private Placement Warrants and FPA are as follows, and are reflective of the rights and obligations associated with each respective asset and liability as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
The observable inputs of the Private Placement Warrants and FPA include strike/exercise prices, underlying public stock and warrant prices, a risk-free interest rate and the remaining term of the instrument. The strike price of the Private Placement Warrants is the exercise price per common share of the post-combination business. The exercise price of the FPA is the purchase price of the Forward Purchasers to obtain one share of Class A Common Stock and
one-third
of one warrant. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect on the reporting date associated with the related term on the instrument. The underlying stock and warrant prices are based on the closing prices of the respective securities on the NYSE as of the reporting date. The expected term is equivalent to each of the warrant and FPA’s remaining contractual term.
 
Inputs – Private Placement Warrants
  
March 31, 2022
 
 
December 31, 2021
 
Strike Price
   $ 24.00     $ 24.00  
Risk-Free Interest Rate
     2.35     1.53
Underlying Stock Price
   $ 19.89     $ 19.72  
Public Warrant Price
   $ 0.94     $ 1.32  
Term (Years)
     10.15       10.28  
Volatility
     25.0     25.0
Illiquidity Discount
     18.0     20.0
Probability of Warrant Renegotiation
     18.8     18.8
The Private Placement Warrants have three significant unobservable inputs: (i) Volatility, (ii) Illiquidity Discount and (iii) Probability of Warrant Renegotiation. The volatility of 25.0% reflects the anticipated implied volatility of the potential target company from the Company’s initial business combination over the Private Placement Warrants’
10-year
term. The Illiquidity Discount of 18.0% relates to an embedded
lock-up,
whereby the securities underlying the Private Placement Warrants may not be sold for three years post the completion of the Company’s initial business combination. The Probability of Warrant Renegotiation is a discount based on the probability that the Private Placement Warrants will be restructured at the time of the Company’s initial business combination. The discount of 18.8% was representative of the average of sponsor incentive restructurings and founder stock forfeitures in completed special purpose acquisition company transactions.
 
Inputs – Forward Purchase Agreements
  
March 31, 2022
 
 
December 31, 2021
 
Exercise Price
   $ 20.00     $ 20.00  
Risk-Free Interest Rate
     0.36     0.07
Underlying Stock Price
   $ 19.89     $ 19.72  
Public Warrant Price
   $ 0.94     $ 1.32  
Term (Years)
     0.15       0.28  
Discount for Lack of Marketability – Committed FPA
     1.0     1.0
Discount for Lack of Marketability – Additional FPA
     49.0     45.0
Discount for Probability of Exercise – Additional FPA
     79.8     79.8
The FPA’s significant unobservable inputs include a Discount for Lack of Marketability (“DLOM”) and a Discount for Probability of Exercise. The DLOM for the Committed FPA relates to an embedded
lock-up
(the “FPA
Lock-Up”),
whereby the securities underlying the Committed FPA may not be sold for 180 days post the completion of the Company’s IBC. As a result of the FPA
Lock-Up,
the DLOM was 1.0%. The Additional FPA is subject to the same FPA
Lock-Up,
and has embedded optionality such that they may be exercised in any amount up to $2.0 billion. This additional feature, combined with the FPA
Lock-Up,
resulted in a DLOM of 49.0%. The Discount for Probability of Exercise is a direct result of the embedded option component previously stated. It is modeled by looking at the percentage of additional forward purchase agreements that are funded in other SPACs upon the completion of their initial business combinations resulting in a discount of 79.8%.
 
20

The following tables present the changes in the fair values of the Outstanding Warrants and FPA:
 
Outstanding Warrants Liability
 
Public

Warrants
 
 
Private Placement
Warrants
 
 
Total Outstanding
Warrants
 
Fair Value at December 31, 2021
   $ 29,333,333      $ 196,006,593      $ 225,339,926  
Change in Fair Value – (Gain) / Loss
     (8,444,444      20,186,413        11,741,969  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Fair Value at March 31, 2022
   $ 20,888,889      $ 216,193,006      $ 237,081,895  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
FPA Liability / (Asset)
 
Committed Forward
Purchase Agreement
 
 
Additional Forward
Purchase Agreement
 
 
Forward Purchase
Agreements
 
Fair Value at December 31, 2021 – Liability / (Asset)
   $ (6,569,180    $ 1,680,000      $ (4,889,180
Change in Fair Value – (Gain) / Loss
     6,850,860        (40,000      6,810,860  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Fair Value at March 31, 2022 – Liability
   $ 281,680      $ 1,640,000      $ 1,921,680  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Transfers between levels during the period are determined and deemed to have occurred at each reporting date. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, there were no transfers in or out of Level 3 from other levels in the fair value hierarchy.
Note 8—Subsequent Events
The Company, in consultation with the Sponsor’s valuation committee and its third-party valuation agent, has increased one of the discount components used in its valuation methodology of the Private Placement Warrants beginning on April 30, 2022. This change is due to current market conditions and the decreasing time remaining within the Combination Period.
The Company evaluated subsequent events and transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date up to the date that the unaudited condensed financial statements were issued. Except as disclosed above and based upon this review, the Company did not identify any subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
21
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
References in this report (the “Quarterly Report”) to “we”, “us”, “our” or the “Company” refer to Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd., and references to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, and including but not limited to statements regarding the Company or the Company’s management team’s expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future, included in this Quarterly Report that address activities, events or developments that the Company expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond the Company’s control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Information concerning these and other factors can be found in the Company’s filings with the SEC, including those set forth in the Risk Factors section of the Company’s final prospectus for its initial public offering. Copies are available on the SEC’s website, www.sec.gov. In light of the significant uncertainties in forward-looking statements, you should not regard such statements as a representation or warranty that the Company will achieve its objectives and plans in any specified timeframe, or at all, and you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, except as may be required by law.
Overview
We are a blank check company incorporated as a Delaware corporation and formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. We intend to effectuate our Initial Business Combination using cash from the proceeds of the initial public offering and the private placements of the Sponsor Warrants, Director Warrants and Forward Purchase Units, our capital stock, debt or a combination of cash, stock and debt. Our Initial Business Combination will be a negotiated transaction, not a hostile takeover.
The issuance of additional shares of our stock in a business combination, including the Forward Purchase Securities and any private investment on public equity, or PIPE, securities may:
 
   
significantly dilute the equity interest of investors;
 
   
subordinate the rights of holders of our common stock if preferred stock is issued with rights senior to those afforded our common stock;
 
   
cause a change in control if a substantial number of shares of our common stock is issued, which may affect, among other things, our ability to use net operating loss carry forwards, if any, and could result in the resignation or removal of our present directors and officers;
 
   
have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of us by diluting the stock ownership or voting rights of a person seeking to obtain control of us; and
 
   
adversely affect prevailing market prices for our shares of Class A Common Stock and/or Redeemable Warrants.
Similarly, if we issue debt instruments or otherwise incur significant indebtedness, it could result in:
 
   
default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues after our Initial Business Combination are insufficient to repay our debt obligations;
 
   
acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we make all principal and interest payments when due if we breach certain covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;
 
   
our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;
 
   
our inability to obtain necessary additional financing if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain such financing while the debt security is outstanding;
 
   
our inability to pay dividends on our common stock;
 
22

   
using a substantial portion of our cash flow to pay principal and interest on our debt, which will reduce the funds available to pay expenses, make capital expenditures and acquisitions, and fund other general corporate purposes;
 
   
limitations on our flexibility in planning for and reacting to changes in our business and in the industry in which we operate;
 
   
increased vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation; limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, and execution of our strategy; and
 
   
other purposes and other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.
We expect to continue to incur costs in the pursuit of our acquisition plans. We cannot assure you that our plans to complete our Initial Business Combination will be successful.
Recent Developments
On November 24, 2021, Pershing Square SPARC Holdings, Ltd. filed an initial Form S-1 to launch a Special Purpose Acquisition Rights Company (a “SPARC”). We understand Pershing Square SPARC Holdings, Ltd. intends to distribute its securities to PSTH stockholders and warrant holders. SPARC remains subject to SEC and stock exchange review and will take place if and only once the registration statement has been declared effective by the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933. No assurance can be given that SPARC will be ultimately effectuated.
On April 28, 2022, the Company announced that its affiliate, Pershing Square SPARC Holdings, Ltd., issued a press release noting the New York Stock Exchange’s withdrawal of proposed Rule 102.09 to adopt new listing standards for subscription warrants issued by an acquisition company, which would have allowed the listing of SPARC on the NYSE. SPARC will, as a result, seek to have its registration statement declared effective in connection with a listing of its securities on the OTC market.
Certain Observations
During the first quarter of 2022, we have continued to work on identifying a target for an Initial Business Combination. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded net loss of $18,509,528, which was primarily due to a
non-cash
GAAP loss of $18,552,829 related to the change in valuations of our Public Warrants, Sponsor Warrants, Director Warrants (“Private Placement Warrants”, collectively with the Public Warrants, the “Outstanding Warrants”) and the Forward Purchase Agreement and Director Forward Purchase Agreement (collectively, the “FPA”), each of which was previously accounted for as equity on our financial statements through December 31, 2020. The change in accounting was initiated following a statement by the Staff of the Securities & Exchange Commission on accounting for SPAC warrants. Following the SEC’s public statement, management along with the audit committee reconsidered accounting issues related to these instruments and restated our financial statements at December 31, 2020 to account for our Outstanding Warrants and FPA as derivative liabilities. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, this accounting treatment has required us to record a
non-cash
loss which we believe will not have any effect on our ability to consummate an initial business combination.
Changes in our stock price could lead to large fluctuations of fair value as a result of this accounting treatment. The carrying amounts of our Outstanding Warrant liabilities and FPA liabilities/assets will fluctuate based, in part on the changes in the trading price of our stock with the changes in such carrying amounts being reported as
non-cash
GAAP gains or losses in our statement of operations.
Non-cash
GAAP gains or losses due to changes in the fair value of such instruments have no impact on our cash balances – including the more than $4 billion we hold in a trust account at J.P. Morgan – and the minimum Committed FPA of $1 billion, nor do we expect the change in accounting to have any impact on our ability to consummate an Initial Business Combination.
Results of Operations
All activities through March 31, 2022 were related to the Company’s organizational activities, preparation for the Company’s initial public offering, identifying a target company for a business combination, and activities in connection with the Proposed IBC and its subsequent cancellation. We will not generate any operating revenues until after completion of our Initial Business Combination. We generate
non-operating
income in the form of interest and dividends on cash and cash equivalents, and marketable securities held in the trust account. We incur ongoing expenses as a result of being a public company for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance, as well as for due diligence and Initial Business Combination related transaction expenses.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we had net loss of $18,509,528, which consisted of
(i) non-cash
loss related to change in the fair value of Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities/assets of $6,810,860, (ii)
non-cash
loss related to change in the fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities of $11,741,969, (iii) income earned on marketable securities held in the trust account of $1,266,754, (iv) interest and dividends earned on marketable securities held in the operating account of $1,908, and (v) income tax provision of $166,435, offset by legal, insurance, research, franchise tax and other expenses totaling $1,058,926.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we had net income of $336,996,381, which consisted of
(i) non-cash
gain related to change in the fair value of Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities of $268,621,120, (ii)
non-cash
gain related to change in the fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities of $72,992,581, (iii) income earned on marketable securities held in the trust account of $898,278, and (iv) interest and dividends earned on marketable securities held in the operating account of $638, (v) cancelled IBC related fees of $4,705,878 and (vi) income tax provision of $188,639, offset by legal, insurance, research, franchise tax and other expenses totaling $621,719.
 
23

Non-GAAP
Financial Measures
As noted above, the Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. As such, we believe the amount of committed capital available for an Initial Business Combination is critical to our success as a blank check company. See Liquidity and Capital Resources below for further information on our unrestricted cash balances and funds held in the trust account as of March 31, 2022. In addition, we report adjusted net income, which is a
non-GAAP
financial measure that is not required by, or presented in accordance with, GAAP. Management uses this
non-GAAP
measure to evaluate results as it reduces the volatility of operations due to the accounting for our warrants and forward purchase agreements, which are more fully described in Note 2 of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements included herein, and which do not have an impact on the funds held in the trust account or committed capital available for an Initial Business Combination. We believe this information is useful to investors for these reasons. This
non-GAAP
measure should not be considered a substitute for the most directly comparable GAAP measures, which are reconciled below. Further, this measure has limitations as an analytical tool, and when assessing our operating performance, you should not consider this measure in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP measures. We may calculate or present this
non-GAAP
financial measure differently than other companies who report measures with the same or similar names, and as a result, the
non-GAAP
measure we report may not be comparable.
Adjusted net income/(loss) represents our net income/(loss) excluding the change in fair value of forward purchase agreement liabilities/assets and the change in fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities, which are
non-cash
items. As of March 31, 2022, our condensed balance sheets reflect a liability of $237,081,895 (December 31, 2021: $220,450,746 net of Forward Purchase Agreement assets) related to derivative liabilities which do not impact the funding available for an Initial Business Combination. As can be observed, the value of the liabilities relating to these instruments under GAAP (and the related income/(loss) that flows through the condensed statements of operations) can swing significantly when in fact no economic changes have occurred.
 
    
For the Three
Months Ended

March 31, 2022
    
For the Three
Months Ended

March 31, 2021
 
Net income/(loss)
  
$
(18,509,528
  
$
336,996,381
 
Less:
     
Change in fair value of Forward Purchase Agreement liabilities/assets
     (6,810,860      268,621,120  
Change in fair value of Outstanding Warrant liabilities
     (11,741,969      72,992,581  
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Adjusted net income/(loss)
  
$
43,301
 
  
$
(4,617,320
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our liquidity needs had been satisfied prior to the consummation of the initial public offering through a capital contribution of $25,000 by our Sponsor in exchange for 100 shares of Class B Common Stock, and interest-bearing loans of $1,121,120 from our Sponsor under an unsecured promissory note covering expenses related to the initial public offering. The loan was repaid in full on July 24, 2020, inclusive of interest. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $378,880 was left under the promissory note that could be drawn down; however, there were no borrowings outstanding under the note.
On July 24, 2020, we consummated the initial public offering of 200,000,000 Units, at $20.00 per unit, generating gross proceeds of $4,000,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the initial public offering, we consummated a $67,837,500 sale of Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants in private placements.
Following the initial public offering and the private placements of Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants, a total of $4,000,000,000 was placed into the trust account. We incurred $94,623,187 in offering costs, including $35,000,000 of underwriting fees, $56,250,000 of deferred underwriting fees and $3,373,187 of other offering costs. The per share amount to be distributed to Public Stockholders who properly redeem their Public Shares will not be reduced by the deferred underwriting fees (further discussed below).
As of March 31, 2022, we had an unrestricted cash balance of $22,330,378 in the operating account, held outside the trust account to fund our ongoing expenses, as well as cash and marketable securities held in the trust account of $4,004,210,725. Interest and dividend income earned on the balance in the trust account will be used by us to pay taxes on such income. From our inception through March 31, 2022, we withdrew $596,509 of interest and dividends earned on the trust account to pay our income taxes, of which all were withdrawn during the year ended December 31, 2021.
 
24

We intend to use substantially all of the funds held in the trust account, including any amounts representing interest and dividends earned on the trust account (less taxes payable and deferred underwriting fees), and the proceeds from the sale of the Forward Purchase Units to complete an Initial Business Combination. To the extent that our capital stock or debt is used, in whole or in part, as consideration to complete the Initial Business Combination, the remaining proceeds held in the trust account will be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business or businesses, make other acquisitions, and pursue our growth strategies.
In order to fund working capital deficiencies or finance transaction costs in connection with an Initial Business Combination, our Sponsor or an affiliate of our Sponsor or certain of our directors and officers may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be needed. If we complete the Initial Business Combination, we would repay such loaned amounts. In the event that the Initial Business Combination does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital held outside the trust account to repay such loaned amounts, but no proceeds from our trust account would be used for such repayment.
We do not believe we will need to raise additional funds in order to meet the expenditures required for operating our business. However, if our estimates of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking
in-depth
due diligence and negotiating our Initial Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to our business combination. Moreover, we may need to obtain additional financing either to complete our Initial Business Combination or because we become obligated to redeem a significant number of the shares of our Public Shares upon completion of our Initial Business Combination, in which case we may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such business combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, we would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of our Initial Business Combination. If we are unable to complete our Initial Business Combination because we do not have sufficient funds available to us, we will be forced to cease operations and liquidate the trust account. In addition, following our Initial Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, we may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet our obligations.
Contractual Obligations
We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations or operating lease obligations as of March 31, 2022.
The underwriters are entitled to a deferred fee of $0.28 per Unit, or $56,250,000 in the aggregate payable only upon the completion of our initial business combination. The aggregate deferred underwriting fees includes (i) the deferral of any underwriting fees, other than the retail selling concessions, in excess of $30,000,000 (a deferral of $12,500,000), plus (ii) a 2.0% rate applied to the gross offering proceeds, subject to a $56,250,000 cap on the amount of such aggregate deferred underwriting fees. If the amount of proceeds from the trust account paid in connection with the redemption rights of Public Stockholders, together with the amount of any capital raised in private placements in connection with the Initial Business Combination from investors other than Sponsor or its affiliates (the “Net Redemptions”), results in us having less than $2,000,000,000 of cash available upon consummation of the Initial Business Combination, only 25% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be payable. If such amount of cash available is $2,000,000,000 or greater, 50% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be payable, and the remaining 50% of the aggregate deferred underwriting fees will be subject to a
pro-rata
reduction based on the amount of Net Redemptions as a percentage of the total public proceeds of the initial public offering. The deferred underwriting fees will be waived by the underwriters solely in the event that we do not complete a business combination, subject to the terms of the underwriting agreement.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of unaudited condensed financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following critical accounting policies:
Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption
We account for our Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” The Company’s conditionally redeemable Class A Common Stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of its control and subject to the occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, 200,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption were presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders’ equity section of the Company’s condensed balance sheets. The Company adjusts the carrying value of redeemable common stock to equal the redemption value of the cash held in the Trust Account net of income taxes payable at the end of each reporting period.
 
25

Outstanding Warrants and FPA Liabilities/Assets
We account for our Outstanding Warrants and FPA in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC
815-40,
under which the Outstanding Warrants and FPA do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as derivative liabilities or derivative assets. Accordingly, we classify the Outstanding Warrants and FPA as liabilities or assets with changes in fair value reflected on the Company’s condensed statements of operations at each reporting period. The fair value of the Public Warrants was initially measured using a modified Black-Scholes pricing model and subsequently measured at the closing quoted market price. The Private Placement Warrants and FPA are valued using a modified Black-Scholes pricing model. See Note 7 of the Notes to unaudited condensed financial statements included herein for further information on the significant inputs to the models utilized to determine the fair values of the Outstanding Warrants and FPA liabilities/assets.
Net Income/(Loss) per Common Share
We apply the
two-class
method of calculating earnings per share. Net income/(loss) per common share, basic and diluted, for Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption is calculated by dividing the allocable income earned on the Trust Account, net of applicable income taxes, by the weighted-average number of Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption outstanding for the period. Net income/(loss) per share, basic and diluted, for Class B
non-redeemable
common stock is calculated by dividing the net income/(loss), adjusted for income/(loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock subject to possible redemption, by the weighted-average number of Class B
non-redeemable
common stock outstanding for the period.
Off-Balance
Sheet Arrangements
As of March 31, 2022, we did not have any
off-balance
sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation
S-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU
No. 2020-06,
“Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic
470-20)
and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic
815-40):
Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity” (“ASU
2020-06”),
which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. ASU
2020-06
removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. ASU
2020-06
is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU
2020-06
effective as of January 1, 2021. The adoption of ASU
2020-06
did not have an impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed financial statements.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed financial statements.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
As of March 31, 2022, we were not subject to any material market or interest rate risk. Following the consummation of our initial public offering, the net proceeds of our initial public offering and the private placements of the Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants that are held in the trust account have been invested in U.S. Treasury bills with a maturity of 180 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule
2a-7
under the Investment Company Act which invest only in direct U.S. Treasury obligations. Due to the short-term nature of these investments, we believe there will be no associated material exposure to interest rate risk. However, if the interest rates of U.S. Treasury obligations become negative, we may have less proceeds held in the trust account than initially deposited.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
26

We do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all errors and all instances of fraud. Disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the disclosure controls and procedures are met. Further, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all disclosure controls and procedures, no evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures can provide absolute assurance that we have detected all our control deficiencies and instances of fraud, if any. The design of disclosure controls and procedures also is based partly on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
During the most recently completed fiscal quarter, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules
13a-15(f)
and
15d-15(f)
of the Exchange Act) that have materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
27

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
On August 17, 2021, a purported stockholder of the Company filed a putative derivative lawsuit in U.S. Federal Court in New York, Assad v. Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd., et al., (S.D.N.Y), against the Company, its independent directors and certain affiliates of the Company’s Sponsor alleging that the Company was operating as an illegal investment company, because among other claims, the Company had invested the proceeds from its initial public offering in securities (in the Company’s case, short-term U.S. Treasury securities and money market funds that own short-term U.S. Treasury securities). The lawsuit also claims that, despite the Company’s stated purpose to search for and complete an initial business combination, the Company has instead been engaged primarily in the business of investing in securities in violation of the Investment Company Act of 1940. An amended complaint filed on October 8, 2021 added direct claims related to the same core allegations. The defendants have filed motions to dismiss, which were fully briefed as of December 13, 2021. On December 16, 2021, the Court stayed discovery in the action pending decision on the motions to dismiss. The Company believes that this lawsuit is meritless and intends to defend against these claims vigorously. Nevertheless, as the Company has previously disclosed, it may be unlikely that the lawsuit, even if meritless, can finally be resolved in the short-term, which may make it more difficult for the Company to complete an initial business combination in a timely manner.
The Company has also received requests for books and records from certain purported stockholders pursuant to Section 220 of the Delaware General Corporation Law and has provided or agreed to provide certain information in response to those requests.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in this Quarterly Report are any of the risks described in our Annual Report on the
10-K/A
for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on March 4, 2022. Any of these factors could result in a significant or material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition. Additional risk factors not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business or results of operations. As of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q,
there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on the
10-K/A
for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, except as follows.
If we do not complete our Initial Business Combination before the deadline of July 24, 2022, we would be required to redeem our Public Shares and liquidate; our Public Stockholders would receive their pro-rata portion of the funds held in trust or approximately $20.00 per share, and our Distributable Redeemable Warrants, Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants will expire worthless, and our Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants which have never been distributed would also be worthless.
Under our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, we must complete our Initial Business Combination on or before July 24, 2022 unless we are able to extend this deadline in limited circumstances. We may be unable to find a suitable target business and complete an Initial Business Combination before this deadline. In that case, we will: (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than 10 business days thereafter, redeem the Public Shares, at a
per-share
price, equal to the amount then on deposit in the trust account, including any interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes (less $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then-outstanding Public Shares. Following the redemption, Public Stockholders will have no further rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, dissolve and liquidate. We will, in compliance with our legal obligations, provide for claims of creditors and other requirements under applicable law. In liquidation, our Public Stockholders are likely to receive only approximately $20.00 per share, our Distributable Redeemable Warrants, Sponsor Warrants and Director Warrants will expire worthless, and our Distributable Tontine Redeemable Warrants which have never been distributed will also expire worthless. If creditors are successful in asserting claims against the proceeds held in the trust account the
per-share
redemption amount received by Public Stockholders could be less than $20.00 per share.
As previously disclosed, on November 24, 2021, Pershing Square SPARC Holdings, Ltd. filed an initial Form S-1 to launch SPARC, with the intention of distributing the securities of SPARC to security holders of PSTH in connection with an initial business combination by PSTH, the liquidation of PSTH, or at some future time. On April 28, 2022, we issued a press release announcing that the NYSE had withdrawn its proposed rule that would have allowed the listing of SPARC on the NYSE, and that, as a result, SPARC will seek to have its registration statement declared effective in connection with a listing of its securities on the OTC market.
There is no guarantee that the SPARC registration statement will be declared effective, or that SPARC will be able to list its securities on the OTC market or otherwise be able to effect a distribution of its securities to PSTH stockholders and warrant holders. In the event that such a distribution does occur, and SPARC securities are listed on the OTC market, there is no guarantee that these securities will have any value. In addition, a listing on the OTC market carries particular risks, including limited availability of market quotations, reduced liquidity, and other issues that may arise as a result of being subject to state securities regulations.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
 
28

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not Applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
None.
Item 6. Exhibits
 
Exhibit No.
  
Description of Exhibits
3.1    Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation.(1)
   
3.2    Bylaws of the Company, effective May 7, 2020.(2)
   
31.1
*
   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
31.2
*
   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.1
*
   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.2
*
   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
101.INS
*
   Inline XBRL Instance Document.
   
101.SCH
*
   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
   
101.CAL
*
   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
   
101.DEF
*
   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
   
101.LAB
*
   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
   
101.PRE
*
   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
   
104    Inline Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as an Inline XBRL document and included in Exhibit 101).
 
*
Filed herewith.
(1)
Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Amendment No. 4 to Registration Statement on Form
S-1/A
filed on July 20, 2020.
(2)
Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form
8-K
filed on July 28, 2020.
 
29

PART III - SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Date: May 6, 2022    
Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd.
   
/s/ William A. Ackman
    Name:   William A. Ackman
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board of Directors
Date: May 6, 2022    
/s/ Michael Gonnella
    Name:   Michael Gonnella
    Title:   Chief Financial Officer
 
30