10-Q 1 pstl-20240331.htm 10-Q pstl-20240331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________
Commission File Number: 001-38903
POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland83-2586114
(State or other jurisdiction of(IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
75 Columbia Avenue
Cedarhurst, NY 11516
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (516) 295-7820
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per sharePSTLNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x     No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x     No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨     No x
As of May 7, 2024, the registrant had 22,664,928 shares of Class A common stock outstanding.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

i

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except par value and share data)
March 31,
2024
December 31, 2023
Assets
Investments:
Real estate properties, at cost:
Land$112,504 $106,074 
Building and improvements456,270 443,470 
Tenant improvements7,075 6,977 
Total real estate properties, at cost575,849 556,521 
Less: Accumulated depreciation(47,216)(43,791)
Total real estate properties, net528,633 512,730 
Investment in financing leases, net16,018 16,042 
Total real estate investments, net544,651 528,772 
Cash1,898 2,235 
Escrow and reserves791 632 
Rent and other receivables4,527 4,750 
Prepaid expenses and other assets, net14,999 13,369 
Goodwill1,536 1,536 
Deferred rent receivable1,643 1,542 
In-place lease intangibles, net13,701 14,154 
Above market leases, net342 355 
Total Assets$584,088 $567,345 
Liabilities and Equity
Liabilities:
Term loans, net$198,885 $198,801 
Revolving credit facility16,000 9,000 
Secured borrowings, net32,730 32,823 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other, net9,372 11,996 
Below market leases, net13,811 13,100 
Total Liabilities270,798 265,720 
Commitments and Contingencies
Equity:
Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 22,607,251 and 21,933,005 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
226 219 
Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 27,206 shares authorized; 27,206 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Additional paid-in capital294,878 287,268 
       Accumulated other comprehensive income6,888 4,621 
Accumulated deficit(53,860)(48,546)
Total Stockholders’ Equity248,132 243,562 
Operating partnership unitholders’ non-controlling interests
65,158 58,063 
Total Equity313,290 301,625 
Total Liabilities and Equity$584,088 $567,345 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
1

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Revenues:
Rental income$16,604 $14,499 
Fee and other683 649 
Total revenues17,287 15,148 
Operating expenses:
Real estate taxes2,302 1,983 
Property operating expenses2,353 1,624 
General and administrative4,292 4,159 
Depreciation and amortization5,301 4,837 
Total operating expenses14,248 12,603 
Income from operations3,039 2,545 
Other income 50 114 
Interest expense, net:
Contractual interest expense(2,637)(2,045)
Write-off and amortization of deferred financing fees(181)(165)
Interest income1  
Total interest expense, net(2,817)(2,210)
Income before income tax expense
272 449 
Income tax expense
(16)(16)
Net income256 433 
Net income attributable to operating partnership unitholders’ non-controlling interests
(50)(85)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$206 $348 
Net (loss) income per share:
Basic and Diluted$(0.01)$0.00 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic and Diluted22,045,310 19,294,896 
Comprehensive income (loss):
Net income$256 $433 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments
2,819 (2,837)
   Comprehensive income (loss)
3,075 (2,404)
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to operating partnership unitholders’ non-controlling interests
(602)473 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$2,473 $(1,931)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
2

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share data)
Number of
shares of Common
Stock
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’
equity
Operating
Partnership
Unitholders’
Non-controlling
Interests
Total
Equity
Balance – December 31, 2023
21,960,211 $219 $287,268 $4,621 $(48,546)$243,562 $58,063 $301,625 
Net proceeds from sale of common stock576,087 6 7,861 — — 7,867 — 7,867 
Issuance of operating partnership units in connection with acquisition transactions
— — — — — — 5,788 5,788 
Issuance and amortization of equity-based compensation120,941 1 1,147 — — 1,148 965 2,113 
Issuance and amortization under the employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP")
5,137 — 77 — — 77 — 77 
Restricted stock withholdings(27,919)— (396)— — (396)— (396)
Dividends and distributions— — — — (5,520)(5,520)(1,339)(6,859)
Unrealized gain on derivative instrument
— — — 2,267 — 2,267 552 2,819 
Net income— — — — 206 206 50 256 
Reallocation of non-controlling interest— — (1,079)— — (1,079)1,079  
Balance – March 31, 202422,634,457 $226 $294,878 $6,888 $(53,860)$248,132 $65,158 $313,290 
Balance – December 31, 202219,555,272 $195 $254,107 $7,486 $(32,557)$229,231 $54,480 $283,711 
Net proceeds from sale of common stock55,082 1 709 — — 710 — 710 
Shares issued upon redemption of operating partnership units
22,798 — 409 — — 409 (409) 
Issuance and amortization of equity-based compensation146,627 1 1,376 — — 1,377 568 1,945 
Issuance and amortization under the ESPP
6,446 — 94 — — 94 — 94 
Restricted stock withholdings(21,310)— (327)— — (327)— (327)
Dividends and distributions— — — — (4,787)(4,787)(1,176)(5,963)
Unrealized loss on derivative instruments
— — — (2,279)— (2,279)(558)(2,837)
Net income— — — — 348 348 85 433 
Reallocation of non-controlling interest— — (2,338)— — (2,338)2,338  
Balance – March 31, 202319,764,915$197 $254,030 $5,207 $(36,996)$222,438 $55,328 $277,766 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.   
3

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$256 $433 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization3,476 3,067 
Amortization of in-place intangibles1,825 1,770 
Write-off and amortization of deferred financing costs181 165 
Amortization of above/below market leases(684)(578)
Amortization of intangible liability(59)(24)
Equity based compensation2,126 1,960 
Deferred rent receivable(101)(85)
   Deferred rent expense payable1 2 
Other(4)12 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Rent and other receivables247 1,827 
Prepaid expenses and other assets850 696 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other(1,713)(1,530)
Net cash provided by operating activities6,401 7,715 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of real estate(12,967)(17,389)
Escrows for acquisition and construction deposits(157)(223)
Capital improvements(599)(393)
Other investing activities(134)(11)
Net cash used in investing activities(13,857)(18,016)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repayments of secured borrowings(98)(93)
     Proceeds from revolving credit facility16,000 17,000 
Repayments of revolving credit facility(9,000) 
Net proceeds from issuance of shares7,821 718 
Deferred offering costs (107)
Proceeds from issuance of ESPP shares64 79 
Value of shares withheld for payment of taxes related to employee stock compensation(513)(461)
Dividends and distributions(6,859)(5,963)
Other financing activities(137)(130)
Net cash provided by financing activities7,278 11,043 
Net (decrease) increase in Cash and Escrows and Reserves
(178)742 
Cash and Escrows and Reserves at the beginning of period2,867 2,042 
Cash and Escrow and Reserves at the end of period$2,689 $2,784 
Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities
Reallocation of non-controlling interest1,079 2,338 
Operating partnership units issued for property acquisitions
5,788  
Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swaps, net
2,819 (2,837)
Accrued capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued expenses114 123 
Reclassification of acquisition deposits included in prepaid expenses and other assets147 205 
Write-off of fixed assets no longer in service29 139 
Accrued costs of capital included in accounts payable and accrued expenses85  
Right of use assets64  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Note 1. Organization and Description of Business

Postal Realty Trust, Inc. (the “Company”) was organized in the state of Maryland on November 19, 2018. On May 17, 2019, the Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of the Company’s Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Class A common stock”). The Company contributed the net proceeds from the IPO to Postal Realty LP, a Delaware limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), in exchange for common units of limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership (the “OP Units”). Both the Company and the Operating Partnership commenced operations upon completion of the IPO and certain related formation transactions. Prior to the completion of the IPO and the formation transactions, the Company had no operations.
The Company’s interest in the Operating Partnership entitles the Company to share in distributions from, and allocations of profits and losses of, the Operating Partnership in proportion to the Company’s percentage ownership of OP Units. As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, the Company has the exclusive power under the partnership agreement to manage and conduct the Operating Partnership’s business, subject to limited approval and voting rights of the limited partners. As of March 31, 2024, the Company held an approximately 79.2% interest in the Operating Partnership. As the sole general partner and the majority interest holder, the Company consolidates the financial position and results of operations of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership is considered a variable interest entity (“VIE”) in which the Company is the primary beneficiary.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company owned a portfolio of 1,537 properties located in 49 states and one territory. The Company’s properties are leased primarily to a single tenant, the United States Postal Service (the “USPS”). The Company also owns several, and may in the future further acquire, land parcels that may be added to existing or future leases with the USPS or used for other purposes that are consistent with the Company’s investment strategy.
In addition, through its taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”), Real Estate Asset Counseling, LLC (“REAC”), the Company provides fee-based third-party property management services for an additional 397 properties, which are owned by Andrew Spodek, the Company's chief executive officer ("CEO"), and his affiliates, and certain advisory services to third-party owners of postal properties.

Pursuant to the Company’s articles of amendment and restatement, the Company is currently authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, 27,206 shares of Class B common stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Voting Equivalency stock”), and up to 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock.
The Company elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), commencing with the Company's short taxable year ended December 31, 2019, and intends to continue to qualify as a REIT. As a REIT, the Company generally will not be subject to federal income tax to the extent that it distributes its REIT taxable income for each tax year to its stockholders. REITs are subject to a number of organizational and operational requirements. Additionally, any income earned by the TRS and any other TRS the Company may form in the future will be subject to federal, state and local corporate income tax.
Pursuant to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, the Company qualifies as an emerging growth company (“EGC”). An EGC may choose, as the Company has done, to take advantage of the extended private company transition period provided for complying with new or revised accounting standards that may be issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include the financial position and results of operations of the Company, the Operating Partnership and its wholly owned subsidiaries.
The Company consolidates the Operating Partnership, a VIE in which the Company is considered the primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary is the entity that has (i) the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE
5

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
that could be significant to the VIE. Substantially all of the assets and liabilities of the Company relate to the Operating Partnership.
A non-controlling interest is defined as the portion of the equity in an entity not attributable, directly or indirectly, to the Company. Non-controlling interests are required to be presented as a separate component of equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Accordingly, the presentation of net income reflects the income attributed to controlling and non-controlling interests.
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.
This interim financial information should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. Management believes that all adjustments of a normal, recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. This interim financial information does not necessarily represent or indicate what the operating results will be for the year ending December 31, 2024. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. As discussed in the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company’s most significant assumptions and estimates are related to the valuation of investments in real estate properties and impairment of long-lived assets. Although management believes its estimates are reasonable, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Offering and Other Costs
Offering costs are recorded in “Total Stockholders’ Equity” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a reduction of additional paid-in capital.
Deferred Costs

Financing costs related to the issuance of the Company’s long-term debt, including the term loan facility component of the Company's existing credit facilities (the "Credit Facilities"), are deferred and amortized as an increase to interest expense over the term of the related debt instrument using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective-interest rate method, and are reported as a reduction of the related debt balance on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Deferred financing costs related to the revolving credit facility component (the "Revolving Credit Facility") of the Credit Facilities are deferred and amortized as an increase to interest expense over the terms of the Revolving Credit Facility and are included in “Prepaid expenses and other assets, net” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Cash and Escrows and Reserves

Cash includes unrestricted cash with a maturity of three months or less. Escrows and reserves consist of restricted cash. The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and escrows and reserves reported within the Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:




6

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
As of
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
(in thousands)
Cash
$1,898 $2,235 
Escrows and reserves:
Maintenance reserve
341 314 
Real estate tax reserve
383 231 
ESPP reserve
67 87 
Total escrows and reserves
$791 $632 
Cash and escrows and reserves$2,689 $2,867 
Revenue Recognition
The Company has operating lease agreements with tenants, some of which contain provisions for future rental increases. Rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. In addition, certain lease agreements provide for reimbursements from tenants for real estate taxes and other recoverable costs, which are recorded on an accrual basis as part of “Rental income” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). The Company’s determination of the probability to collect lease payments is impacted by numerous factors, including the Company's assessment of the tenant’s creditworthiness, economic conditions, historical experience with the tenant, future prospects for the tenant and the length of the lease term. If leases currently classified as probable of collection are subsequently reclassified as not probable, any outstanding lease receivables (including straight-line rent receivables) would be written-off with a corresponding decrease in rental income. For certain leases with lease incentive costs, such costs are included in “Prepaid expenses and other assets, net” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and amortized on a straight-line basis over the respective lease terms as a reduction of rental revenues.
Fee and other primarily consists of (i) property management fees, (ii) income recognized from properties accounted for as financing leases and (iii) fees earned from providing advisory services to third-party owners of postal properties.
The management fees arise from contractual agreements with entities that are affiliated with the Company’s CEO. Management fee income is recognized as earned under the respective agreements.
Revenue from direct financing leases is recognized over the lease term using the effective interest rate method. At lease inception, the Company records an asset within "Investment in financing leases, net" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, which represents the Company’s net investment in the direct financing lease. This initial net investment is determined by aggregating the total future minimum lease payments attributable to the direct financing lease and the estimated residual value of the property, if any, less unearned income. Over the lease term, the investment in the direct financing lease is reduced and interest is recognized as revenue in “Fee and other” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) and produces a constant periodic rate of return on the "Investment in financing leases, net."
Revenue from advisory services is generated from service contracts generally based on (i) time and expense arrangements (where the Company recognizes revenues based on hours incurred and contracted rates), (ii) fixed-fee arrangements (where the Company recognizes revenues earned to date by applying the proportional performance method) or (iii) performance-based or contingent arrangements (where the Company recognizes revenues at a point in time when the client receives the benefit of the promised service). Reimbursable expenses for the advisory services, including those relating to travel, out-of-pocket expenses, outside consultants and other outside service costs, are generally included in revenues and in general and administrative expenses in the period in which the expense is incurred.

Fair Value Measurements
The following disclosure of estimated fair value was determined by management using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. However, considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair value. Accordingly, the estimates presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Company could have realized on disposition of the assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on the estimated fair value amounts.




7

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Cash, escrows and reserves, receivables, prepaid expenses and other assets (excluding derivatives), accounts payable and accrued expenses are carried at amounts which reasonably approximate their fair values as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 due to their short maturities.
The fair value of the Company’s borrowings under its Credit Facilities approximates carrying value because such borrowings are subject to a variable market rate, which reprices frequently. The fair value was determined using the Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined below) as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, plus an applicable spread under the Credit Facilities, a Level 2 classification in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the Company’s secured borrowings aggregated approximately $27.6 million and $28.0 million as compared to the principal balance of $32.9 million and $33.0 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The fair value of the Company’s secured borrowings was categorized as a Level 3 fair value estimate (as provided by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures) and was determined by discounting the future contractual interest and principal payments by a market rate.
The Company's derivative assets and liabilities, comprised of interest rate swap derivative instruments entered into in connection with the Credit Facilities, are recorded at fair value based on a variety of observable inputs, including contractual terms, interest rate curves, yield curves, measure of volatility and correlations of such inputs. The Company measures its derivatives at fair value on a recurring basis based on the expected amount of future cash flows on a discounted basis and incorporating a measure of non-performance risk. The fair value of the Company's derivative assets and liabilities was categorized as a Level 2 fair value estimate (as provided by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures). The Company considers its own credit risk, as well as the credit risk of its counterparties, when evaluating the fair value of its derivative assets and liabilities. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap derivative assets was approximately $8.7 million and $6.4 million, respectively, included in “Prepaid expenses and other assets, net” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the fair value of the Company's interest rate swap derivative liabilities was approximately $0.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively, included in "Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other, net" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Disclosures about fair value of assets and liabilities are based on pertinent information available to management as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. Although management is not aware of any factors that would significantly affect the fair value amounts, such amounts have not been comprehensively revalued for purposes of these financial statements since March 31, 2024 and current estimates of fair value may differ significantly from the amounts presented herein.

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

In accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, the Company records all derivative instruments on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative, whether the Company has elected to designate a derivative in a hedging relationship and apply hedge accounting and whether the hedging relationship has satisfied the criteria necessary to apply hedge accounting. Derivatives designated and qualifying as a hedge of the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows are considered cash flow hedges. Hedge accounting generally provides for the matching of the timing of gain or loss recognition on the hedging instrument with the recognition of the changes in the fair value of the hedged asset or liability that are attributable to the hedged risk in a fair value hedge or the earnings effect of the hedged forecasted transactions in a cash flow hedge. The Company may enter into derivative contracts that are intended to economically hedge certain of its risks, even though hedge accounting does not apply or the Company elects not to apply hedge accounting. See Note 6. Derivatives and Hedging Activities for further details.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The carrying value of real estate investments and related intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment exists when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds the aggregate projected future cash flows over the anticipated holding period on an undiscounted basis. An impairment loss is measured based on the excess of the asset’s carrying amount over its estimated fair value. Impairment analyses will be based on current plans, intended holding periods and available market information at the time the analyses are prepared. If estimates of the projected future cash flows, anticipated holding periods or market conditions change, the evaluation of impairment losses may be different and such differences may be material. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is subjective and is based, in part, on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results. No impairments were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.




8

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Concentration of Credit Risks
As of March 31, 2024, the Company’s properties were leased primarily to a single tenant, the USPS. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, approximately 12.4% of the Company’s total rental income, or $2.1 million, was concentrated in Pennsylvania. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, approximately 13.7% of the Company's total rental income, or $2.0 million, was concentrated in Pennsylvania. The ability of the USPS to honor the terms of its leases is dependent upon regulatory, economic, environmental or competitive conditions in Pennsylvania or other regions where the Company operates in and could have a material effect on the Company’s overall business results.
The Company has deposited cash and maintains its bank deposits with large financial institutions in amounts that, from time to time, exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.
Equity-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for equity-based compensation in accordance with ASC Topic 718 Compensation – Stock Compensation, which requires the Company to recognize an expense for the grant date fair value of equity-based awards. Equity-classified stock awards granted to employees and non-employees that have a service condition and/or a market condition are measured at fair value at date of grant and remeasured at fair value only upon a modification of the award. The Company records forfeitures as a reduction of equity-based compensation expense as such forfeitures occur.
The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of each award, with the amount of compensation expense recognized at the end of a reporting period at least equal to the portion of fair value of the respective award at grant date or modification date, as applicable, that has vested through that date. For awards with a market condition, compensation cost is not reversed if a market condition is not met so long as the requisite service has been rendered, as a market condition does not represent a vesting condition.
See Note 11. Stockholders’ Equity for further details.
Insurance Accounting
The Company carries liability insurance to mitigate its exposure to certain losses, including those relating to property damage and business interruption. The Company records the estimated amount of expected insurance proceeds for property damage and other losses incurred as an asset (typically a receivable from the insurer) and income up to the amount of the losses incurred when the amount is determinable and approved by the insurance company. Any amount of insurance recovery in excess of the amount of the losses incurred is considered a gain contingency and is not recorded in other income until the amount is determinable and approved by the insurance company. Insurance recoveries for business interruption for lost revenue or profit are accounted for as gain contingencies in their entirety, and therefore are not recorded in income until the amount is determinable and approved by the insurance company.
Earnings Per Share
The Company calculates earnings per share ("EPS") based upon the weighted average shares outstanding less issued and outstanding non-vested shares of Class A common stock. As of March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company had unvested restricted shares of Class A common stock, long term incentive units of the Operating Partnership ("LTIP Units") and certain restricted stock units (“RSUs”), which provide for non-forfeitable rights to dividend and dividend equivalent payments. Accordingly, these unvested restricted shares of Class A common stock, LTIP Units and RSUs are considered participating securities and are included in the computation of basic and diluted EPS pursuant to the two-class method. Diluted EPS is calculated after giving effect to all potential dilutive shares outstanding during the period. See Note 10. Earnings Per Share for further details.
Future Application of Accounting Standards
In November 2023, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280) - Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. ASU No. 2023-07 improves disclosures about public entities' reportable segments and addresses requests from investors for additional, more detailed information about a reportable segment's expenses. The provisions in this amendment are applicable to public entities with a single reportable segment. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after




9

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company has one reportable segment and continues to evaluate additional disclosures that may be required for entities with a single reportable segment.
Note 3. Real Estate Transactions
The following tables summarizes the Company’s acquisitions for the three months ended March 31, 2024. The purchase prices including transaction costs were allocated to the separately identifiable tangible and intangible assets and liabilities based on their relative fair values at the date of acquisition. The total purchase price including transaction costs was allocated as follows (in thousands, except for the number of properties):
Three Months EndedNumber of
Properties
LandBuilding
and
Improvements
Tenant
Improvements
In-place
lease
intangibles
Above-
market
leases
Below-
market
leases
Other
Total (1)
2024
March 31, 2024(2)29 $6,442 $12,362 $98 $1,372 $34 $(1,442)$ $18,866 
Explanatory Notes:
(1)Includes closing costs of approximately $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024.
(2)Includes the acquisition of 29 properties in various states for cash consideration in individual or portfolio transactions for a price of approximately $18.9 million, including closing costs, which was funded with both the issuance of OP Units to the sellers (valued at approximately $5.8 million using the share price of Class A common stock on the date of each issuance of such OP Units) and cash consideration.
In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell one property with an immaterial net book value, which transaction was completed in April 2024.
Note 4. Intangible Assets and Liabilities
The following table summarizes the Company’s intangible assets and liabilities:
As ofGross Asset
(Liability)
Accumulated AmortizationNet
Carrying
Amount
(in thousands)
March 31, 2024:
In-place lease intangibles
$46,993 $(33,292)$13,701 
Above-market leases
720 (378)342 
Below-market leases
(24,382)10,571 (13,811)
December 31, 2023:
In-place lease intangibles
$45,621 $(31,467)$14,154 
Above-market leases
686 (331)355 
Below-market leases
(22,940)9,840 (13,100)
Amortization of in-place lease intangibles was $1.8 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. This amortization is included in “Depreciation and amortization” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Amortization of acquired above-market leases was $0.05 million and $0.04 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and is included in “Rental income” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). Amortization of acquired below-market leases was $0.7 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and is included in “Rental income” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).




10

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Future amortization/accretion of these intangibles is below (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,In-place lease
intangibles
Above-market
leases
Below-market
leases
2024-Remaining$4,917 $107 $(2,057)
20254,374 103 (2,140)
20262,597 79 (1,741)
20271,120 34 (1,374)
2028405 8 (1,114)
Thereafter
288 11 (5,385)
Total
$13,701 $342 $(13,811)
Note 5. Debt
The following table summarizes the Company’s indebtedness as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (dollars in thousands):
Outstanding Balance as of
March 31,
2024
Outstanding
Balance as of
December 31,
2023
Interest
Rate at
March 31,
2024
Maturity Date
Revolving Credit Facility(1)
$16,000 $9,000 
SOFR+148 bps(2)
January 2026
2021 Term Loan(1)
75,000 75,000 
SOFR+143 bps(2)
January 2027
2022 Term Loan(1)
125,000 125,000 
SOFR+143 bps(2)
February 2028
Secured Borrowings:
Vision Bank(3)
1,409 1,409 3.69 %September 2041
First Oklahoma Bank(4)
312 316 3.63 %December 2037
Vision Bank – 2018(5)
844 844 3.69 %September 2041
Seller Financing(6)
100 194 6.00 %January 2025
AIG(7)
30,225 30,225 2.80 %January 2031
Total Principal248,890 241,988 
Unamortized deferred financing costs(1,275)(1,364)
Total Debt$247,615 $240,624 
Explanatory Notes:
(1)The Company have entered into the Credit Facilities, which include the $150.0 million Revolving Credit Facility, the $75.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2021 Term Loan") and the $125.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2022 Term Loan"). The Credit Facilities include an accordion feature which permits the Company to borrow up to an additional $150.0 million under the Revolving Credit Facility, subject to customary terms and conditions. The Revolving Credit Facility matures in January 2026, which may be extended for two six-month periods subject to customary conditions, the 2021 Term Loan matures in January 2027 and the 2022 Term Loan matures in February 2028. Borrowings under the Credit Facilities carry an interest rate of, (i) in the case of the Revolving Credit Facility, either a base rate plus a margin ranging from 0.5% to 1.0% per annum or Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined below) plus a margin ranging from 1.5% to 2.0% per annum, or (ii) in the case of the Term Loans, either a base rate plus a margin ranging from 0.45% to 0.95% per annum or Adjusted Term SOFR plus a margin ranging from 1.45% to 1.95% per annum, in each case depending on the Company's consolidated leverage ratio. With respect to the Revolving Credit Facility, the Company will pay, if the usage is equal to or less than 50%, an unused facility fee of 0.20% per annum, or if the usage is greater than 50%, an unused facility fee of 0.15% per annum, in each case on the average daily unused commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility. The Credit Facilities contain a number of customary financial and non-financial covenants.

11

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company incurred $0.07 million and $0.07 million, respectively, of unused facility fees related to the Revolving Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2024, the Company was in compliance with all of the Credit Facilities’ debt covenants.
(2)Based upon the one-month Adjusted Term SOFR, which is the applicable Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate plus an adjustment of 0.10%, subject to a 0% floor (the “Adjusted Term SOFR”). Upon the Company's achievement of certain sustainability targets for 2023, the applicable margins for the Credit Facilities were reduced by 0.02% for the year ending December 31, 2024, which is reflected in the margins noted in the table above.
(3)Five properties are collateralized under this loan and Mr. Spodek also provided a personal guarantee of payment for 50% of the outstanding amount thereunder. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.69% for the first five years with interest payments only (ending in October 2026), then adjusting every subsequent five-year period thereafter with principal and interest payments to the rate based on the five-year weekly average yield on United States Treasury securities adjusted to a constant maturity of five years, as made available to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Five-Year Treasury Rate"), plus a margin of 2.75%, with a minimum annual rate of 2.75%.
(4)The loan is collateralized by first mortgage liens on four properties and a personal guarantee of payment by Mr. Spodek. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.625% for the first five years (ending in August 2026), then adjusting annually thereafter to a variable annual rate of Wall Street Journal Prime Rate with a minimum annual rate of 3.625%.
(5)The loan is collateralized by first mortgage liens on one property and a personal guarantee of payment by Mr. Spodek. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.69% for the first five years with interest payments only (ending in October 2026), then adjusting every subsequent five-year period thereafter with principal and interest payments to the rate based on the Five-Year Treasury Rate, plus a margin of 2.75%, with a minimum annual rate of 2.75%.
(6)In connection with the acquisition of a property, the Company obtained seller financing secured by the property in the amount of $0.4 million requiring five annual payments of principal and interest of $0.1 million with the first installment due on January 2, 2021 based on a 6.0% interest rate per annum through January 2, 2025.
(7)The loan is secured by a first mortgage lien on an industrial property located in Warrendale, Pennsylvania. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 2.80% with interest-only payments for the first five years (ending in January 2026) and fixed payments of principal and interest thereafter based on a 30-year amortization schedule.
The weighted average maturity date for the Company's indebtedness as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was approximately 3.9 years and 4.2 years, respectively.
The scheduled principal repayments of indebtedness as of March 31, 2024 are as follows (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,Amount
2024 - Remaining$13 
2025118 
202616,636 
202775,774 
2028125,800 
Thereafter
30,549 
Total
$248,890 




12

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Note 6. Derivatives and Hedging Activities

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had seven interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $200.0 million that are used to manage its interest rate risk and fix the SOFR component on the term loans of the Credit Facilities:

Notional Amount ($ in thousands)
Fixed Rate (1)
Effective Date Maturity Date
$50,0002.27%May 2022January 2027
$25,0004.217%May 2022February 2028
$25,0004.217%May 2022February 2028
$25,0004.79%July 2022February 2028
$40,0004.932%December 2022February 2028
$25,0005.736%July 2023January 2027
$10,0006.049%September 2023February 2028

Explanatory Note:
(1)Reflects the all-in effective interest rate for the specified portion of the Term Loans hedged by the interest rate swaps.

The Company’s objectives in using the interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish these objectives, the Company uses the interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. The interest rate swaps are designated as cash flow hedges, with any gain or loss recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive income” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and subsequently reclassified into interest expense as interest payments are made on the Credit Facilities. During the next twelve months, the Company estimates that an additional $4.4 million will be reclassified from “Accumulated other comprehensive income” as a decrease to interest expense.

The Company does not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes and currently does not have any derivatives that are not designated as hedges.

The table below presents the effect of the Company’s interest rate swap derivative instruments in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships (Interest Rate Swaps)20242023
Amount of gain (loss) recognized on derivative in "Accumulated other comprehensive income"
$4,150 $(1,938)
Amount of income reclassified from "Accumulated other comprehensive income" into interest expense
$1,331 $899 

"Interest expense, net" presented in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss), in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded, totaled $2.8 million and $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company also had derivatives in a net liability position and did not post any collateral related to these agreements. If the Company had breached any of these provisions as of March 31, 2024, it could have been required to settle its obligations under the agreements of any interest rate swap in a net liability position for approximately $0.2 million, which is at their termination value.




13

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Note 7. Leases
Lessor Accounting
As of March 31, 2024, the Company's properties were leased primarily to the USPS, with leases expiring at various dates through May 31, 2031. Certain leases had expired and were in holdover status as of March 31, 2024 as discussed below. Certain leases contain renewal, termination and/or purchase options exercisable at the lessee’s election. Therefore, such options are only recognized once they are deemed reasonably certain, typically at the time the option is exercised. All of the Company’s leases are operating leases with the exception of two that are direct financing leases. The Company's operating leases and direct financing leases are described below.
Rental income related to the Company’s leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the remaining lease term. The Company’s total revenue includes fixed base rental payments provided under the lease and variable payments which principally consist of tenant expense reimbursements for certain property operating expenses, including real estate taxes. The Company elected the practical expedient to account for its lease and non-lease components as a single combined operating lease component under Topic 842. As a result, rental income and tenant reimbursements were aggregated into a single line within rental income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
The following table represents rental revenue that the Company recognized related to its operating leases (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Fixed payments
$14,439 $12,550 
Variable payments
2,165 1,949 
$16,604 $14,499 
Future minimum lease payments to be received as of March 31, 2024 under non-cancellable operating leases for the next five years and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,
Amount (1)(2)(3)
    2024 - Remaining$37,058 
202544,075 
202635,346 
202720,986 
202812,230 
Thereafter
10,868 
Total
$160,563 
Explanatory Notes:
(1)The above minimum lease payments to be received do not include reimbursements from tenants for real estate taxes and other reimbursed expenses.
(2)As of March 31, 2024, the leases at 98 of the Company's properties were expired and the USPS was occupying such properties as a holdover tenant. As such, the above minimum lease payments to be received do not include payments under these holdover leases. Holdover rent is typically paid as the greater of estimated market rent or the rent amount due under the expired lease.
(3)In August 2023, the Company received notice from the USPS to terminate the lease for one property, which termination became effective in February 2024. Also excludes lease payments from one property sold in April 2024.
Purchase Option Provisions





14

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
As of March 31, 2024, operating leases for 75 of the Company’s properties provided the USPS with the option to purchase the underlying property either at fair market value or at fixed prices, in each case as of dates set forth in the lease agreement. As of March 31, 2024, 70 of these properties had an aggregate carrying value of approximately $52.4 million with an aggregate purchase option price of approximately $68.0 million and the remaining five properties had an aggregate carrying value of approximately $4.3 million with purchase options exercisable at fair market value.
Investment in Financing Leases, Net
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, financing leases for two of the Company's properties provide the USPS with the option to purchase the underlying property at fixed prices as of dates set forth in the lease agreement. The components of the Company’s net investment in financing leases as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 are summarized in the table below (in thousands):
As of
March 31,
2024
As of
December 31,
2023
Total minimum lease payment receivable
$31,793 $32,078 
Less: unearned income
(15,775)(16,036)
Investment in financing leases, net$16,018 $16,042 

Revenue earned under direct financing leases for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were $0.3 million, which is recorded in "Fee and other" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Future lease payments to be received under the Company’s direct financing leases as of March 31, 2024 for the next five years and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,Amount
2024 – Remaining$853 
20251,137 
20261,137 
20271,137 
20281,137 
Thereafter
26,392 
Total
$31,793 
Lessee Accounting
As a lessee, the Company has ground and office leases which were classified as operating leases. As of March 31, 2024, these leases had remaining terms, including renewal options, of less than a year to 58.8 years and a weighted average remaining lease term of 22.0 years. Operating right-of-use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities are included in “Prepaid expenses and other assets, net” and “Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other, net” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows (in thousands):
As of
March 31,
2024
As of
December 31,
2023
ROU asset – operating leases
$970 $967 
Lease liability – operating leases$997 $994 
The difference between the recorded ROU assets and lease liabilities is mainly due to the reclassification of the below market ground lease intangible asset which was included within the ROU assets recognized upon transition.
Operating lease assets and liabilities are measured at the commencement date based on the present value of future lease payments. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing




15

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The Company used a discount rate ranging from 4.25% to 7.35% based on the yield of its current borrowings in determining its lease liabilities.
Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease if it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option.
Operating lease expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $0.07 million and $0.06 million, respectively. See Note 9. Related Party Transactions for more details.
Future minimum lease payments to be paid by the Company as a lessee for operating leases as of March 31, 2024 for the next five years and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):
2024 — Remaining$97 
202595 
202684 
202757 
202850 
Thereafter
1,668 
Total future minimum lease payments
2,051 
Interest discount
(1,054)
Total
$997 
Note 8. Income Taxes
TRS
In connection with the IPO, the Company and REAC jointly elected to treat REAC as a TRS. REAC performs management services, including for properties the Company does not own, and advisory services to third-party owners of postal properties. REAC generates income, resulting in federal and state corporate income tax liability for REAC. For each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, income tax expense related to REAC was $0.01 million.
Other
In connection with the IPO, the indirect sole shareholder of United Postal Holdings, Inc. ("UPH"), a portion of the Company's predecessor, agreed to reimburse the Company for unrecognized tax benefits primarily related to the utilization of certain loss carryforwards at UPH. The Company recorded an indemnification asset in the same amount as the unrecognized tax benefits. The indirect sole shareholder of UPH will be responsible for all tax related matters related to UPH.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had remaining unrecognized tax benefits of $0.02 million, which were inclusive of interest and penalties, and a corresponding indemnification asset, which were included in "Prepaid expenses and other assets, net" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company reversed the remaining $0.02 million of unrecognized tax benefits and the corresponding indemnification asset due to the expiration of statute of limitations.
Note 9. Related Party Transactions
Management Fee Income
REAC recognized management fee income of $0.3 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 from various parties which were affiliated with the Company's CEO. These amounts are included in “Fee and other” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). Accrued management fees receivable of $0.3 million and $0.3 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, are included in “Rent and other receivables” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.




16

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Related Party Lease
On May 17, 2019, the Company entered into a lease for office space in Cedarhurst, New York with an entity affiliated with the Company’s CEO (the “Office Lease”). Pursuant to the Office Lease, the monthly rent is $15,000 subject to escalations. The term of the Office Lease is five years commencing on May 17, 2019 and will expire on May 16, 2024. Rental expenses associated with the Office Lease for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were $0.05 million and was recorded in “General and administrative expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). The Company determined this Office Lease was an operating lease. For further details, see Note 7. Leases.
Guarantees
As disclosed above in Note 5. Debt, Mr. Spodek personally guaranteed a portion of or the entire amount outstanding under the Company's loans with First Oklahoma Bank and Vision Bank, totaling $1.9 million and $1.9 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. As a guarantor, Mr. Spodek's interests with respect to the amount of debt he is guaranteeing (and the terms of any repayment or default) may not align with the Company’s interests and could result in a conflict of interest.
Note 10. Earnings Per Share
EPS is calculated by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the period. The following table presents a reconciliation of income from operations used in the basic and diluted EPS calculations (dollars in thousands, except share and per share data).
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Numerator for earnings per share – basic and diluted:
Net income attributable to common stockholders$206 $348 
Less: Income attributable to participating securities(375)(306)
Numerator for earnings per share — basic and diluted$(169)$42 
Denominator for earnings per share – basic and diluted (1)
22,045,310 19,294,896 
Basic and diluted net (loss) income per share
$(0.01)$0.00 
Explanatory Note:
(1) Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution of the conversion of obligations and the assumed exercises of securities including the effects of restricted shares and RSUs issued under the Company’s 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) (See Note 11. Stockholders’ Equity). The effect of such shares and RSUs would not be dilutive and were not included in the computation of weighted average number of shares outstanding for the periods presented in the table above. OP Units and LTIP Units are redeemable for cash or, at the Company’s option, shares of Class A common stock on an one-for-one basis. The income allocable to such OP Units and LTIP Units is allocated on this same basis and reflected as non-controlling interests in these unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. As such, the assumed conversion of these OP Units and LTIP Units would have no net impact on the determination of diluted EPS.
Note 11. Stockholders’ Equity
ATM Program
On November 4, 2022, the Company entered into separate open market sale agreements for its at-the-market offering program with each of Jefferies LLC, BMO Capital Markets Corp., Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated and Truist Securities, Inc., as agents (the "ATM Program"), pursuant to which the Company may offer and sell, from time to time, shares of its Class A common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $50.0 million. The agreements also provide that the Company may enter into one or more forward sale agreements under separate master forward confirmations and related
17

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
supplemental confirmations with affiliates of certain agents. On August 8, 2023, the Company amended the ATM Program to increase the aggregate offering amount under the program from up to $50.0 million to up to $150.0 million.
The following table summarizes the activity under the ATM Program for the period presented (dollars and shares issued in thousands, except per share amounts). During the three months ended March 31, 2024, 576,087 shares were issued under the ATM program. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, 55,082 shares were issued under the ATM program. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had approximately $105.8 million remaining that may be issued under the ATM Program.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Shares issued
576 55 
Gross proceeds received
$8,211 $827 
Fees, issuance and other costs(344)(117)
Net proceeds received $7,867 $710 
Average gross sales price per share$14.25 $15.01 
Dividends and Distributions
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company's Board of Directors approved and the Company declared and paid dividends or distributions, as applicable, of $6.8 million to Class A common stockholders, Voting Equivalency stockholders, OP unitholders and LTIP unitholders, or $0.24 per share or unit, as shown in the table below.
Declaration DateRecord DateDate PaidAmount Per Share or Unit
February 2, 2024February 16, 2024February 29, 2024$0.24 
Non-controlling Interests
Non-controlling interests in the Company represent OP Units held by the Company's prior investors and certain sellers of properties to the Company and LTIP Units primarily issued to the Company’s employees and the Board of Directors in connection with the IPO and/or as a part of their compensation. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company issued 151,916 LTIP Units to the Company’s CEO for his 2023 incentive bonus, his election to defer 100% of his 2024 annual salary and for long term incentive compensation, 51,490 LTIP Units to the Company’s President for his 2023 incentive bonus, 53,906 LTIP Units to the Company's Chief Financial Officer for his 2023 incentive bonus and for long term incentive compensation and 51,940 LTIP Units to certain other employees for their 2023 incentive bonus and for long term incentive compensation.
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, non-controlling interests consisted of 4,799,318 OP Units and 1,193,873 LTIP Units and 4,387,334 OP Units and 884,621 LTIP Units, respectively. This represented approximately 20.8% and 19.3% of the outstanding Operating Partnership units as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. OP Units and shares of Class A common stock generally have the same economic characteristics, as they share equally in the total net income or loss and distributions of the Operating Partnership. Beginning on or after the date which is 12 months after the date on which a person first became a holder of common units, each limited partner and assignees of limited partners will generally have the right, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the partnership agreement, to require the Operating Partnership to redeem all or a portion of the OP Units held by such limited partner or assignee in exchange for cash, or at the Company's sole discretion, shares of Class A common stock, on an one-for-one basis determined in accordance with and subject to adjustment under the partnership agreement.
The Operating Partnership unitholders are entitled to share in cash distributions from the Operating Partnership in proportion to their percentage ownership of OP Units.
Restricted Stock and Other Awards

18

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
Pursuant to the Company’s Plan, the Company may grant equity incentive awards to its directors, officers, employees and consultants. As of March 31, 2024, the remaining shares available under the Plan for future issuance was 1,047,055. The Plan provides for grants of stock options, stock awards, stock appreciation rights, performance units, incentive awards, other equity-based awards (including LTIP Units) and dividend equivalents in connection with the grant of performance units and other equity-based awards.
The following table presents a summary of the Company's outstanding restricted shares of Class A common stock, LTIP Units and RSUs. The balance as of March 31, 2024 represents unvested restricted shares of Class A common stock and LTIP Units and RSUs that are outstanding, whether vested or not:
Restricted
Shares (1)(2)
LTIP
Units (3)
RSUs (4)
Total Shares/Units/RSUsWeighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding, as of January 1, 2024
498,402 884,621 311,737 1,694,760 $16.16 
Granted
102,126 309,252 114,137 525,515 $14.35 
Vesting of restricted shares and RSUs(5)
(41,999) (24,195)(66,194)$14.76 
Forfeited
(5,381) (23,359)(28,740)$12.67 
Outstanding, as of March 31, 2024553,148 1,193,873 378,320 2,125,341 $15.80 
Explanatory Notes:    
(1)Represents restricted shares awards included in Class A common stock.
(2)The time-based restricted share awards granted to the Company's officers and employees typically vest in three annual installments or cliff vest at the end of three years, five years or eight years. Also includes 5,336 shares of restricted stock granted to a consultant under the consultancy agreement with the Company, which shares will vest on February 28, 2025.
(3)Includes 151,916 LTIP Units granted to the Company’s CEO, 51,490 LTIP Units granted to the Company’s President and 53,906 LTIP Units granted to the Company's Chief Financial Officer, which vest over three years or cliff vest at the end of eight years. Also includes 51,940 LTIP Units granted to certain other employees of the Company, certain of which vested fully on the date of grant with the remaining vesting over three years or cliff vest at the end of eight years.
(4)Includes 79,296 RSUs granted to certain officers and employees of the Company during the three months ended March 31, 2024, subject to the achievement of a service condition and a market condition. Such RSUs are market-based awards and are subject to the achievement of performance-based hurdles relating to the Company’s specified absolute and relative total stockholder return goals and continued employment with the Company over the approximately three-year period from the grant date through December 31, 2026. The number of market-based RSUs is based on the number of shares issuable upon achievement of the market-based metric at target. Also, includes 34,841 time-based RSUs issued for 2023 incentive bonuses to certain employees that vested fully on February 2, 2024, the date of grant. RSUs reflect the right to receive shares of Class A common stock, subject to the applicable vesting criteria.
(5)Includes 38,275 of restricted shares and RSUs that vested and 27,919 shares of restricted shares that were withheld to satisfy minimum statutory withholding requirements.
During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company issued 46,714 RSUs (the “2021 Performance-Based Awards”) to certain employees that were market-based awards and subject to the achievement of performance-based hurdles relating to the Company’s absolute total stockholder return goals and continued employment with the Company over the approximately three-year performance period ended December 31, 2023. In February 2024, the Company's Corporate Governance and Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors determined that the Company's total stockholder return for such three-year performance period met the threshold performance hurdles for the 2021 Performance-Based Awards and, as a result, approved the payout of (i) 23,357 RSUs for such awards, which were settled using the Company’s shares of Class A common stock, and (ii) their cash dividends for the three-year performance period.
19

POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(CONTINUED)
During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recognized compensation expense of $1.8 million and $1.6 million, respectively, in “General and administrative expenses” and $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively, in "Property operating expenses" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) related to all awards.
As of March 31, 2024, there was $20.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 5.2 years.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Company's ESPP allows its employees to purchase shares of the Class A common stock at a discount. A total of 100,000 shares of Class A common stock was reserved for sale and authorized for issuance under the ESPP. The Code permits the Company to provide up to a 15% discount on the lesser of the fair market value of such shares of Class A common stock at the beginning of the offering period and the close of the offering period. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, 49,657 and 44,520 shares have been issued under the ESPP since commencement, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recognized compensation expense of $0.01 million and $0.01 million, respectively, related to the ESPP.
Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies 
As of March 31, 2024, the Company was not involved in any litigation nor, to its knowledge, is any litigation threatened against the Company that, in management’s opinion, would result in any material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position and results of operations, or which is not covered by insurance.
In the ordinary course of the Company’s business, the Company enters into non-binding (except with regard to exclusivity and confidentiality) letters of intent indicating a willingness to negotiate for acquisitions. There can be no assurance that definitive contracts will be entered into with respect to any matter covered by letters of intent, that the Company will close the transactions contemplated by such contracts on time, or that the Company will consummate any transaction contemplated by any definitive contract.
Note 13. Subsequent Events
In addition to the subsequent events discussed elsewhere in the notes to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, the following events occurred subsequent to March 31, 2024:
The Company's Board of Directors approved, and on April 30, 2024, the Company declared a first quarter 2024 common stock dividend of $0.24 per share, which is payable on May 31, 2024 to stockholders of record as of May 8, 2024.
As of May 7, 2024, the Company had $15.0 million drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility.
As of May 7, 2024 and during the period subsequent to March 31, 2024, the Company acquired six leased properties for approximately $4.1 million, excluding closing costs.
As of May 7, 2024 and during the period subsequent to March 31, 2024, the Company issued 57,993 shares of its Class A common stock under the ATM Program for gross proceeds of approximately $0.8 million.
As of May 7, 2024 and during the period subsequent to March 31, 2024, the Company had entered into definitive agreements to acquire 11 properties for approximately $3.5 million. However, the Company can provide no assurances that the acquisitions of these properties will be consummated on the terms and timing the Company expects, or at all.
20

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis is based on, and should be read in conjunction with, the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto of Postal Realty Trust, Inc. contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires, references to “we,” “our,” “us,” and “our company” refer to Postal Realty Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation, together with our consolidated subsidiaries, including Postal Realty LP, a Delaware limited partnership, of which we are the sole general partner and which we refer to in this section as our Operating Partnership.
Forward-Looking Statements 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of federal securities laws. In particular, statements pertaining to our capital resources, acquisitions, property performance and results of operations contain forward-looking statements. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “pro forma,” “estimates” or “anticipates” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases which are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate solely to historical matters. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.
Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties and you should not rely on them as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements depend on assumptions, data or methods which may be incorrect or imprecise and we may not be able to realize them. We do not guarantee that the transactions and events described will happen as described (or that they will happen at all). The following factors, among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:
change in the status of the United States Postal Service (“USPS”) as an independent agency of the executive branch of the U.S. federal government;
change in the demand for postal services delivered by the USPS;
our ability to come to an agreement with the USPS regarding new leases or lease renewals on the terms and timing we expect, or at all;
the solvency and financial health of the USPS;
defaults on, early terminations of or non-renewal of leases or actual, potential or threatened relocation, closure or consolidation of postal offices or delivery routes by the USPS;
the competitive market in which we operate;
changes in the availability of acquisition opportunities;
our inability to successfully complete real estate acquisitions or dispositions on the terms and timing we expect, or at all;
our failure to successfully operate developed and acquired properties;
adverse economic or real estate developments, either nationally or in the markets in which our properties are located;
decreased rental rates or increased vacancy rates;
change in our business, financing or investment strategy or the markets in which we operate;
fluctuations in interest rates;
21

increased operating costs, repair and maintenance expenses and capital expenditures for our properties;
general economic conditions (including inflation, rising interest rates, uncertainty regarding ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and their related impact on macroeconomic conditions);
financial market fluctuations;
our failure to generate sufficient cash flows to service our outstanding indebtedness;
our failure to obtain necessary outside financing on favorable terms or at all;
failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes;
our reliance on key personnel whose continued service is not guaranteed;
the outcome of claims and litigation involving or affecting us;
changes in real estate, taxation, zoning laws and other legislation and government activity and changes to real property tax rates and the taxation of real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) in general;
operations through joint ventures and reliance on or disputes with co-venturers;
cybersecurity threats;
uncertainties and risks related to adverse weather conditions, natural disasters and climate change;
exposure to liability relating to environmental and health and safety matters;
governmental approvals, actions and initiatives, including the need for compliance with environmental requirements;
lack or insufficient amounts of insurance;
limitations imposed on our business in order to maintain our status as a REIT and our failure to maintain such status; and
public health threats such as the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. We disclaim any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, of new information, data or methods, future events or other changes after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, except as required by applicable law. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements that are based on information currently available to us or the third parties making the forward-looking statements. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could impact our future results, performance or transactions, you should carefully review and consider (i) the information contained under Item 1A titled “Risk Factors” herein and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and (ii) such similar information as may be contained in our other reports and filings that we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
Overview
Company
We were formed as a Maryland corporation on November 19, 2018 and commenced operations upon completion of our initial public offering and the related formation transactions. We conduct our business through a traditional UPREIT structure in which our properties are owned by our Operating Partnership directly or through limited partnerships, limited liability companies or other subsidiaries. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we acquired 29 properties leased to the USPS for approximately $18.9 million, including closing costs. As of March 31, 2024, our portfolio consists of 1,537
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owned properties, located in 49 states and one territory and comprising approximately 6.0 million net leasable interior square feet.
We are the sole general partner of our Operating Partnership through which our properties are directly or indirectly owned. As of May 7, 2024, we owned approximately 79.2% of outstanding common units of limited partnership interest in our Operating Partnership (the “OP Units”), including long term incentive units of our Operating Partnership (the “LTIP Units”). Our Board of Directors oversees our business and affairs.
ATM Program
On November 4, 2022, we entered into separate open market sale agreements for our at-the-market offering program (the "ATM Program") with each of Jefferies LLC, BMO Capital Markets Corp., Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated and Truist Securities, Inc., as agents, pursuant to which we may offer and sell, from time to time, shares of our Class A common stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $50.0 million. The agreements also provide that we may enter into one or more forward sale agreements under separate master forward confirmations and related supplemental confirmations with affiliates of certain agents. On August 8, 2023, we amended the ATM Program to increase the aggregate offering amount under the program from up to $50.0 million to up to $150.0 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, 576,087 shares were issued under the ATM Program for approximately $8.2 million in gross proceeds. As of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $105.8 million of availability remaining under the ATM Program.
Executive Overview
We are an internally managed REIT with a focus on acquiring and managing properties leased primarily to the USPS, ranging from last-mile post offices to industrial facilities. We believe the overall opportunity for consolidation that exists within the postal logistics network is very attractive. We continue to execute our strategy to acquire and consolidate postal properties that we believe will generate strong earnings for our shareholders.
Geographic Concentration
As of March 31, 2024, we owned a portfolio of 1,537 properties located in 49 states and one territory and leased primarily to the USPS. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, approximately 12.4% of our total rental income was concentrated in Pennsylvania.
Emerging Growth Company
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the "JOBS Act"), and we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.
In addition, the JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), for complying with new or revised accounting standards. We have availed ourselves of these exemptions; although, subject to certain restrictions, we may elect to stop availing ourselves of these exemptions in the future even while we remain an “emerging growth company.”
We will remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest to occur of (i) the last day of the fiscal year during which our total annual revenue equals or exceeds $1.235 billion (subject to periodic adjustment for inflation), (ii) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of our IPO, (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt or (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).
We are also a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Regulation S-K under the Securities Act and have elected to take advantage of certain scaled disclosures available to smaller reporting companies. We may continue to be a smaller reporting company even after we are no longer an “emerging growth company.”
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We elected to be treated as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), beginning with our short taxable year ended December 31, 2019 and intend to continue to qualify as a REIT. As long as we qualify as a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax to the extent that we distribute our taxable income for each tax year to our stockholders.
Factors That May Influence Future Results of Operations
The USPS

We are dependent on the USPS’ financial and operational stability. The USPS is currently facing a variety of circumstances that are threatening its ability to fund its operations and other obligations as currently conducted without intervention by the federal government. The USPS is constrained by laws and regulations that restrict revenue sources and pricing, mandate certain expenses and cap its borrowing capacity. As a result, among other consequences, the USPS is unable to fund its mandated expenses and continues to be subject to mandated payments to its retirement system and benefits. While the USPS has recently undertaken, and proposes to undertake, a number of operational reforms and cost reduction measures, such as higher rates and slower deliveries for certain services and closure, relocation or consolidation of certain facilities and delivery routes, the USPS has taken the position such measures alone will not be sufficient to maintain its ability to meet all of its existing obligations when due or allow it to make the critical infrastructure investments that have been deferred in recent years. These measures have also led to significant criticism and litigation, which may result in reputational or financial harm or increased regulatory scrutiny of the USPS or reduced demand for its services. The occurrence of a regional epidemic or a global pandemic, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and measures taken to prevent its spread may also have a material and unpredictable effect on the USPS’ operations and liquidity, including significant additional operating expenses caused by pandemic-related disruptions. The lingering effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and other geopolitical and economic factors have also created significant inflationary pressures resulting in higher compensation, benefits, transportation and fuel costs for the USPS. If the USPS becomes unable to meet its financial obligations or its revenue declines due to reduced demand for its services, the USPS may reduce its demand for leasing postal properties, which would have a material adverse effect on our business and operations. For additional information regarding the risks associated with the USPS, see the section entitled “Risk Factors - Risks Related to the USPS” under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Revenues
We derive revenues primarily from rent and tenant reimbursements under leases with the USPS for our properties and fee and other from the management of postal properties owned by Andrew Spodek, our chief executive officer, and his affiliates managed by our taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”), income recognized from properties accounted for as financing leases and revenue from providing certain advisory services. Rental income represents the lease revenue recognized under the leases primarily with the USPS which includes the impact of above and below market lease intangibles as well as reimbursements to us made by our tenants for the real estate taxes paid at each property where tenants are responsible for such taxes under the leases. Certain of our leases include annual rent escalators. Fee and other principally represents (i) revenue our TRS received from postal properties owned by Mr. Spodek and his affiliates pursuant to the management agreements and is a percentage of the lease revenue for the managed properties, (ii) revenue our TRS received from providing advisory services to third-party owners of postal properties and (iii) income recognized from properties accounted for as financing leases. As of March 31, 2024, properties leased to our tenants had an average remaining lease term of approximately three years. Factors that could affect our rental income and fee and other in the future include, but are not limited to: (i) our ability to renew or replace expiring leases and management agreements; (ii) local, regional or national economic conditions; (iii) an oversupply of, or a reduction in demand for, postal space; (iv) changes in market rental rates; (v) changes to the USPS’ current property leasing program or form of lease; and (vi) our ability to provide adequate services and maintenance at our properties and managed properties.
Operating Expenses
We lease our properties primarily to the USPS. The majority of our leases are modified double-net leases, whereby the tenant is responsible for utilities, certain maintenance obligations and reimbursement of property taxes and the landlord is generally responsible for insurance, roof and structure. Thus, an increase in costs related to the landlord’s responsibilities under these leases could negatively influence our operating results. Refer to “Lease Renewal” below for further discussion.
Operating expenses generally consist of real estate taxes, property operating expenses, which consist of insurance, repairs and maintenance (other than those for which the tenant is responsible), property maintenance-related payroll and depreciation and amortization. Factors that may affect our ability to control these operating costs include but are not limited to: the cost of periodic repair, age and durability of our properties, renovation costs, landlord’s responsibilities under the leases, the cost of re-leasing space, inflation and the potential for liability under applicable laws. Recoveries from the tenant are recognized
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as revenue on an accrual basis over the periods in which the related expenditures are incurred. Tenant reimbursements and the related property operating expenses are recognized on a gross basis, because (i) generally, we are the primary obligor with respect to the real estate taxes and (ii) we bear the credit risk in the event the tenant does not reimburse the real estate taxes.
The expenses of owning and operating a property are not necessarily reduced when circumstances, such as market factors and competition, cause a reduction in income from the property. If revenues drop, we may not be able to reduce our expenses accordingly. Costs associated with real estate investments generally will not be materially reduced even if a property is not fully occupied or other circumstances cause our revenues to decrease. As a result, if revenues decrease in the future, static operating costs may adversely affect our future cash flow and results of operations.
General and Administrative Expense
General and administrative expense represents personnel costs, professional fees, legal fees, insurance, consulting fees, information technology costs and other expenses related to our day-to-day activities of being a public company. While we expect that our general and administrative expenses will continue to rise as our portfolio grows, we expect that such expenses as a percentage of our revenues will decrease over time due to efficiencies and economies of scale.
Equity-Based Compensation Expense
All equity-based compensation expense is recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) as components of general and administrative expense and property operating expenses. We issue share-based awards to align our directors' and employees’ interests with those of our investors.
Indebtedness and Interest Expense

Our credit facilities (the "Credit Facilities") consist of a $150.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility"), a $75.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2021 Term Loan") and a $125.0 million senior unsecured term loan facility (the "2022 Term Loan"). We intend to use the Credit Facilities for working capital purposes, which may include repayment of mortgage indebtedness, property acquisitions and other general corporate purposes. We amortize on a non-cash basis the deferred financing costs associated with our debt to interest expense using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest rate method over the terms of the related loans. Any changes to the debt structure, including debt financing associated with property acquisitions, could materially influence the operating results depending on the terms of any such indebtedness.
Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax on our net taxable income that we distribute currently to our stockholders. Under the Code, REITs are subject to numerous organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that they distribute each year at least 90% of their REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding any net capital gains. If we fail to qualify for taxation as a REIT in any taxable year and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, our income for that year will be taxed at regular corporate rates, and we would be disqualified from taxation as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which we ceased to qualify as a REIT. Even though we qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may still be subject to state and local taxes on our income and assets and to federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed income. Additionally, any income earned by our existing TRS and any other TRS we may form in the future will be subject to federal, state and local corporate income tax.
Lease Renewal

As of May 7, 2024, the leases at 101of our properties, representing approximately 673,000 net leasable interior square feet, had expired and the USPS was occupying such properties as a holdover tenant. As of the date of this report, the USPS had not vacated or notified us of its intention to vacate any of these properties. When a lease expires, the USPS becomes a holdover tenant on a month-to-month basis typically paying the greater of estimated market rent or the rent amount under the expired lease.

While we currently anticipate that we will renew the leases that have expired or will expire, there can be no guarantee that we will be successful in renewing these leases, obtaining positive rent renewal spreads or renewing the leases on terms comparable to those of the expiring leases. Even if we are able to renew these expired leases, the lease terms may not be comparable to those of the previous leases. If we are not successful, we will likely experience reduced occupancy, rental income and net operating income, as well as diminished borrowing capacity under our Credit Facilities, which could have a
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material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and ability to make distributions to shareholders. Refer to “Risk Factors - Risks Related to the USPS” under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for additional information regarding the risks associated with the USPS.
Results of Operations
Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
(Amounts in thousands)20242023$ Change% Change
Revenues
Rental income$16,604 $14,499 $2,105 14.5 %
Fee and other683 649 34 5.2 %
Total revenues17,287 15,148 2,139 14.1 %
Operating expenses
Real estate taxes2,302 1,983 319 16.1 %
Property operating expenses2,353 1,624 729 44.9 %
General and administrative4,292 4,159 133 3.2 %
Depreciation and amortization5,301 4,837 464 9.6 %
Total operating expenses14,248 12,603 1,645 13.1 %
Income from operations3,039 2,545 494 19.4 %
Other income 50 114 (64)(56.1)%
Interest expense, net
Contractual interest expense(2,637)(2,045)(592)28.9 %
Write-off and amortization of deferred financing fees(181)(165)(16)9.7 %
Interest income— 100.0 %
Total interest expense, net(2,817)(2,210)(607)27.5 %
Income before income tax expense
272 449 (177)(39.4)%
Income tax expense
(16)(16)— — 
Net income$256 $433 $(177)(40.9)%
Revenues
Rental income – Rental income includes net rental income as well as the recovery of certain operating costs and property taxes from tenants. Rental income increased by $2.1 million to $16.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $14.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to the volume of our acquisitions.
Fee and other Fee and other revenue increased by $0.03 million to $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to an increase in income received from advisory services.
Operating Expenses
Real estate taxes – Real estate taxes increased by $0.3 million to $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to the volume of our acquisitions.
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Property operating expenses – Property operating expenses increased by $0.7 million to $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. Property management expenses are included within property operating expenses and increased by $0.1 million to $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The remainder of the increase in property operating expenses of $0.5 million was related to an increase in insurance and repairs and maintenance expenses.
General and administrative – General and administrative expenses increased by $0.1 million to $4.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to an increase in net compensation costs, partially offset by a decrease in public company-related expenses.
Depreciation and amortization – Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $0.5 million to $5.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $4.8 million for three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to the volume of our acquisitions.
Other Income
Other income primarily includes insurance recoveries related to property damage claims. Other income decreased by $0.06 million to $0.05 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to a decrease in property related insurance recoveries from claims.
Total Interest Expense, Net
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we incurred total interest expense, net of $2.8 million compared to $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to additional borrowings under the Credit Facilities and increased interest rates.
Cash Flows
Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
We had $1.9 million of cash and $0.8 million of escrows and reserves as of March 31, 2024 compared to $2.1 million of cash and $0.7 million of escrows and reserves as of March 31, 2023.

Cash flows from operating activities – Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $1.3 million to $6.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $7.7 million for the same period in 2023. The decrease was mainly attributable to the timing of receivables and payables.

Cash flows used in investing activities – Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily consisted of $13.0 million of acquisitions and $0.9 million of escrow deposits for acquisition and construction, capital improvements and other investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2023 primarily consisted of $17.4 million of acquisitions and $0.6 million of escrow deposits for acquisition and construction, capital improvements and other investing activities.

Cash flows from financing activities – Net cash provided by financing activities decreased by $3.8 million to $7.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $11.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The decrease was primarily related to increased paydown of the Revolving Credit Facility and an increase in dividends and distributions during the three months ended March 31, 2024, partially offset by an increase in net proceeds received from issuance of shares during the same period.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We had approximately $1.9 million of cash and $0.8 million of escrows and reserves as of March 31, 2024.

Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loans

We have entered into the Credit Facilities, which include the $150.0 million Revolving Credit Facility. the 2021 Term Loan and the 2022 Term Loan (and, together with the 2021 Term Loan, the "Term Loans"), with Bank of Montreal, as administrative agent, and BMO Capital Markets Corp., M&T Bank, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and Truist Securities, Inc. as joint lead arrangers and joint book runners. Additional participants in the Credit Facilities include Stifel Bank & Trust and TriState Capital Bank. As of March 31, 2024, we had $216.0 million of aggregate principal amount outstanding under our
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Credit Facilities, with $75.0 million drawn on the 2021 Term Loan, $125.0 million drawn on the 2022 Term Loan and $16.0 million drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility.

The Credit Facilities include an accordion feature which permit us to borrow up to an additional $150.0 million under the Revolving Credit Facility subject to customary terms and conditions. The Revolving Credit Facility matures in January 2026, which may be extended for two six-month periods subject to customary conditions, the 2021 Term Loan matures in January 2027 and the 2022 Term Loan matures in February 2028. Borrowings under the Credit Facilities carry an interest rate of, (i) in the case of the Revolving Credit Facility, either a base rate plus a margin ranging from 0.5% to 1.0% per annum or Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined below) plus a margin ranging from 1.5% to 2.0% per annum, or (ii) in the case of the Term Loans, either a base rate plus a margin ranging from 0.45% to 0.95% per annum or Adjusted Term SOFR plus a margin ranging from 1.45% to 1.95% per annum, in each case depending on a consolidated leverage ratio. With respect to the Revolving Credit Facility, we will pay, if the usage is equal to or less than 50%, an unused facility fee of 0.20% per annum, or if the usage is greater than 50%, an unused facility fee of 0.15% per annum, in each case on the average daily unused commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility.

The Credit Facilities are guaranteed, jointly and severally, by us and certain of our indirect subsidiaries and contain customary covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, our ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens on assets, make certain types of investments, engage in acquisitions, mergers or consolidations, sell assets, enter into certain transactions with affiliates and pay dividends or make distributions. The Credit Facilities require compliance with consolidated financial maintenance covenants to be tested quarterly, including a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, maximum total leverage ratio, minimum tangible net worth, maximum secured leverage ratio, maximum unsecured leverage ratio, minimum unsecured debt service coverage ratio and maximum secured recourse leverage ratio. The Credit Facilities also contain certain customary events of default, including the failure to make timely payments under the Credit Facilities, any event or condition that makes other material indebtedness due prior to its scheduled maturity, the failure to satisfy certain covenants and specified events of bankruptcy and insolvency. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with all of the Credit Facilities’ debt covenants.

As of March 31, 2024, we had seven interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $200.0 million that are used to manage our interest rate risk and fix the SOFR component on the Term Loans of the Credit Facilities (together, the "Interest Rate Swaps"). See Note 6. Derivatives and Hedging Activities in the Notes to our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included under Item 1 herein for further details regarding the Interest Rate Swaps.
Capital Resources and Financing Strategy
Our short-term liquidity requirements primarily consist of operating expenses and other expenditures associated with our properties, distributions to our limited partners and distributions to our stockholders required to qualify for REIT status, capital expenditures and property acquisitions. We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements through net cash provided by operations, cash, borrowings under our Credit Facilities and the potential issuance of securities. We have an effective shelf registration statement on file with the SEC under which we may issue equity financing through the instruments and on the terms most attractive to us at such time, including through our $150.0 million ATM Program.
Our long-term liquidity requirements primarily consist of funds necessary for the repayment of debt at maturity, distributions to our limited partners and distributions to our stockholders required to qualify for REIT status, property acquisitions and non-recurring capital improvements. We expect to meet our long-term liquidity requirements with net cash from operations, long-term indebtedness including our Credit Facilities and mortgage financing, the issuance of equity and debt securities and proceeds from select sales of our properties. We also may fund property acquisitions and non-recurring capital improvements using our Credit Facilities pending permanent property-level financing.
We believe we have access to multiple sources of capital to fund our long-term liquidity requirements, including the incurrence of additional debt and the issuance of additional equity securities. However, in the future, there may be a number of factors that could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to access these capital sources, including unfavorable conditions in the overall equity and credit markets, our degree of leverage, our unencumbered asset base, borrowing restrictions imposed by our lenders, general market conditions for REITs, our operating performance, liquidity and market perceptions about us. The success of our business strategy will depend, to a significant degree, on our ability to access these various capital sources. In addition, we continuously evaluate possible acquisitions of postal properties, which largely depend on, among other things, the market for owning and leasing postal properties and the terms on which the USPS will enter into new or renewed leases.
To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we must make distributions to our stockholders aggregating annually at least 90% of our REIT taxable income determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding capital gains. As
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a result of this requirement, we cannot rely on retained earnings to fund our business needs to the same extent as other entities that are not REITs. If we do not have sufficient funds available to us from our operations to fund our business needs, we will need to find alternative ways to fund those needs. Such alternatives may include, among other things, divesting ourselves of properties (whether or not the sales price is optimal or otherwise meets our strategic long-term objectives), incurring indebtedness or issuing equity securities in public or private transactions, the availability and attractiveness of the terms of which cannot be assured.
Consolidated Indebtedness
As of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $248.9 million of outstanding consolidated principal indebtedness. The following table sets forth information as of March 31, 2024 with respect to our outstanding indebtedness (in thousands):
Outstanding
Balance as of March 31, 2024
Interest
Rate at March 31, 2024
Maturity
Date
Revolving Credit Facility(1)
$16,000 
SOFR+148 bps(2)
January 2026
2021 Term Loan(1)
75,000 
SOFR+143 bps(2)
January 2027
2022 Term Loan(1)
125,000 
SOFR+143 bps(2)
February 2028
Secured Borrowings:
Vision Bank(3)
1,409 3.69 %September 2041
First Oklahoma Bank(4)
312 3.63 %December 2037
Vision Bank – 2018(5)
844 3.69 %September 2041
Seller Financing(6)
100 6.00 %January 2025
AIG (7)
30,225 2.80 %January 2031
Total Principal$248,890 
Explanatory Notes:
(1)See above under "—Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loans" for details regarding the Credit Facilities. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we incurred $0.07 million of unused facility fees related to the Revolving Credit Facility.
(2)Based upon the one-month Adjusted Term SOFR, which is the applicable Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate plus an adjustment of 0.10%, subject to a 0% floor (the “Adjusted Term SOFR”). Upon our achievement of certain sustainability targets for 2023, the applicable margins for the Credit Facilities were reduced by 0.02% for the year ending December 31, 2024, which is reflected in the margins noted in the table above.

(3)Five properties are collateralized under this loan and Mr. Spodek also provided a personal guarantee of payment for 50% of the outstanding amount thereunder. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.69% for the first five years with interest payments only (ending in October 2026), then adjusting every subsequent five-year period thereafter with principal and interest payments to the rate based on the five-year weekly average yield on United States Treasury securities adjusted to a constant maturity of five years, as made available to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Five-Year Treasury Rate"), plus a margin of 2.75%, with a minimum annual rate of 2.75%.
(4)The loan is collateralized by first mortgage liens on four properties and a personal guarantee of payment by Mr. Spodek. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.625% for the first five years (ending in August 2026), then adjusting annually thereafter to a variable annual rate of Wall Street Journal Prime Rate with a minimum annual rate of 3.625%.
(5)The loan is collateralized by first mortgage liens on one property and a personal guarantee of payment by Mr. Spodek. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 3.69% for the first five years with interest payments only (ending in October 2026), then adjusting every subsequent five-year period thereafter with principal and interest payments to the rate based on the Five-Year Treasury Rate, plus a margin of 2.75%, with a minimum annual rate of 2.75%.
(6)In connection with the acquisition of a property, we obtained seller financing secured by the property in the amount of $0.4 million requiring five annual payments of principal and interest of $0.1 million with the first installment due on January 2, 2021 based on a 6.0% interest rate per annum through January 2, 2025.
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(7)The loan is secured by a first mortgage lien on an industrial property located in Warrendale, Pennsylvania. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 2.80% with interest-only payments for the first five years (ending in January 2026) and fixed payments of principal and interest thereafter based on a 30-year amortization schedule.
Secured Borrowings as of March 31, 2024
As of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $32.9 million of secured borrowings outstanding, all of which are currently fixed-rate debt with a weighted average interest rate of 2.88% per annum.
Dividends
To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we are required to pay dividends to stockholders at least equal to 90% of our REIT taxable income determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we paid cash dividends of $0.24 per share. Our Board of Directors approved, and on April 30, 2024, we declared a first quarter 2024 common stock dividend of $0.24 per share, which will be paid on May 31, 2024 to stockholders of record as of May 8, 2024.
Inflation
Because most of our leases provide for fixed annual rental payments without annual rent escalations, our rental revenues are fixed while our property operating expenses are subject to inflationary increases. A majority of our leases provide for tenant reimbursement of real estate taxes and thus the tenant must reimburse us for real estate taxes. We believe that if inflation increases expenses over time, increases in lease renewal rates will materially offset such increase.
Subsequent Real Estate Acquisitions
As of May 7, 2024 and during the period subsequent to March 31, 2024, we have acquired six properties in individual or portfolio transactions for an aggregate of approximately $4.1 million, excluding closing costs.
Critical Accounting Estimates
Refer to the heading titled “Critical Accounting Estimates” under Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for a discussion of our critical accounting estimates.
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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in market prices and interest rates. Our future earnings, cash flows and fair values relevant to financial instruments are dependent upon prevailing market interest rates. Our primary market risk results from our indebtedness, which bears interest at both fixed and variable rates. As of March 31, 2024, our indebtedness was approximately $248.9 million, consisting of approximately $216.0 million of variable-rate debt and approximately $32.9 million of fixed-rate debt. Of the $216.0 million variable-rate debt, $200.0 million relates to the Term Loans, which have been fixed through the Interest Rate Swaps. When factoring in the Term Loans as fixed-rate debt through the Interest Rate Swaps, as of March 31, 2024, approximately $16.0 million of our indebtedness was variable-rate debt and approximately $232.9 million was fixed-rate debt. Assuming no increase in the amount of our outstanding variable-rate indebtedness, if the one-month Adjusted Term SOFR were to increase or decrease by 1.0%, our cash flows would decrease or increase by approximately $0.2 million on an annualized basis.

Subject to maintaining our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we manage our market risk on variable rate debt through the use of interest rate swaps that fix the rate on all or a portion of our variable rate debt for varying periods up to maturity, such as the Interest Rate Swaps. In the future, we may use other derivative instruments such as interest cap agreements to, in effect, cap the interest rate on all or a portion of the debt for varying periods up to maturity. This in turn, reduces the risks of variability of cash flows created by variable rate debt and mitigates the risk of increases in interest rates. Our objective when undertaking such arrangements will be to reduce our floating rate exposure. However, we provide no assurance that our efforts to manage interest rate volatility will successfully mitigate the risks of such volatility in our portfolio and we do not intend to enter into hedging arrangements for speculative purposes.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Exchange Act is processed, recorded, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and regulations of the SEC and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer), as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
We have carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, regarding the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on the foregoing, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded, as of the end of the period covered by this report, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act (i) is processed, recorded, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we may in the future be party to various claims and routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. Our management does not believe that any such litigation will materially affect our financial position or operations.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
On March 15, 2024, Jeremy Garber, our president, entered into a pre-arranged trading plan (the “10b5-1 plan”) that is intended to satisfy the affirmative defense of Rule 10b5-1(c) under the Exchange Act. Under the 10b5-1 plan, Mr. Garber can sell up to 10,000 shares of our Class A common stock between June 15, 2024 and June 14, 2025, subject to price and trading limitations under the plan.
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Item 6. Exhibits
ExhibitExhibit Description
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INSINSTANCE DOCUMENT**
101.SCHSCHEMA DOCUMENT**
101.CALCALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT**
101.LABLABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT**
101.PREPRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT**
101.DEFDEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT**
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
*    Exhibits filed with this report.
**    Submitted electronically herewith. Attached as Exhibit 101 to this report are the following documents formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss); (iii) Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
POSTAL REALTY TRUST, INC.
Date: May 7, 2024By:/s/ Andrew Spodek
Andrew Spodek
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date: May 7, 2024By:/s/ Robert B. Klein
Robert B. Klein
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

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