Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Quest Patent Research
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-06-30 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-06-30 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-03-31 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-K 2012-12-31 Annual: 2012-12-31
KMG KMG Chemicals 1,160
HMMR Hammer Fiber Optics Holdings 24
TRIS Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association 0
WBHC Wilson Bank Holding 0
NDRAU Endra Life Sciences 0
CPA17 Corporate Property Associates 17 - Global 0
EXNT Enxnet 0
RUHN Ruhnn Holding Ltd. 0
HCMC Healthier Choices Management 0
AEI22 AEI Income & Growth Fund XXII 0
QPRC 2019-06-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3 - Short-Term Debt and Long-Term Liabilities
Note 4 - Derivative Liabilities
Note 5 - Stockholders' Equity
Note 6 - Intangible Assets
Note 7 - Non-Controlling Interest
Note 8 - Related Party Transactions
Note 9 - Commitments and Contingencies
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 f10q0619ex31-1_questpatent.htm
EX-32.1 f10q0619ex32-1_questpatent.htm

Quest Patent Research Earnings 2019-06-30

QPRC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 f10q0619_questpatent.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

☒   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (D) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019

 

or

 

☐   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (D) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

 

Delaware   33-18099-NY   11-2873662
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
  (Commission File Number)   (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

 

411 Theodore Fremd Ave., Suite 206S, Rye, NY   10580-1411
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (888) 743-7577

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class  Trading Symbol(s)  Name of each exchange on which registered
       

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 383,038,334 shares of common stock are issued and outstanding as of August 14, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page No.
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements. 1
  Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 1
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 2
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 3
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 4
  Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. 5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 16
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 21
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 21
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 6. Exhibits. 22

 

i

 

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains forward-looking statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not deemed to represent an all-inclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements as denoted in this report. Additionally, statements concerning future matters are forward-looking statements.

 

Although forward-looking statements in this report reflect the good faith judgment of our management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, without limitation, those specifically addressed under the headings “Risks Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-Q and in other reports that we file with the SEC.  You are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.

 

We file reports with the SEC. The SEC maintains a website (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including us. You can also read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. You can obtain additional information about the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

 

We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this report, except as required by law. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made throughout the entirety of this quarterly report, which are designed to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

OTHER PERTINENT INFORMATION

 

Unless specifically set forth to the contrary, “Quest”, “Company”, “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Quest Patent Research Corporation, and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

 

ii

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
         
ASSETS        
         
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents  $416,477   $166,911 
Accounts receivable   274,897    - 
Other current assets   13,836    2,343 
Total current assets   705,210    169,254 
           
Patents, net of accumulated amortization of $1,336,916 and $1,088,280, respectively   3,035,200    2,045,618 
           
Total assets  $3,740,410   $2,214,872 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT          
Liabilities          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $1,115,319   $338,748 
Loans payable – third party   163,000    163,000 
Purchase price of patents, current portion   275,000    100,000 
Loan payable – related party, net of unamortized discount and debt issuance costs of $293,344 and $379,948, respectively   4,379,466    4,292,862 
Accrued interest – loan payable related party   116,500    117,780 
Accrued interest - loans payable third party   289,664    281,514 
Derivative liability   1,100,000    540,000 
Total current liabilities   7,438,949    5,833,904 
Non-current liabilities          
Contingent funding liabilities   150,000    150,000 
Purchase price of patents, net of unamortized discount of $368,934 and $105,171, respectively   1,731,066    769,829 
Total liabilities   9,320,015    6,753,733 
           
Stockholders’ deficit:          
Preferred stock – par value $.00003 per share – authorized 10,000,000 Shares – no shares issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, par value $0.00003 per share; authorized 10,000,000,000 shares and 10,000,000,000 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively; shares issued and outstanding 383,038,334 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   11,491    11,491 
Additional paid-in capital   14,107,782    14,107,782 
Accumulated deficit   (19,698,731)   (18,659,892)
Total Quest Patent Research Corporation deficit   (5,579,458)   (4,540,619)
           
Non-controlling interest in subsidiary   (147)   1,758 
           
Total stockholders’ deficit   (5,579,605)   (4,538,861)
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit  $3,740,410   $2,214,872 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   FOR THE   FOR THE 
   THREE MONTHS ENDED   SIX MONTHS ENDED 
   JUNE 30,   JUNE 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
                 
Revenues                
Licensed packaging sales  $20,409   $5,635   $25,274   $13,953 
Patent licensing fees   992,418    6,200,000    1,362,418    7,049,000 
    1,012,827    6,205,635    1,387,692    7,062,953 
Operating expenses                    
Cost of revenue:                    
Cost of sales   3,543    1,129    4,520    2,594 
Litigation and licensing expenses   579,485    5,210,000    844,529    6,009,100 
Management support services   1,303    125    1,643    6,609 
Selling, general and administrative expenses   322,590    247,700    643,027    541,686 
                     
Total operating expenses   906,921    5,458,954    1,493,719    6,559,989 
                     
Income /(loss) from operations   105,906    746,681    (106,027)   502,964 
                     
Other Income and (expenses)                    
Gain/(loss) on derivative   (395,000)   25,000    (560,000)   15,000 
Interest expense   (211,582)   (156,708)   (374,492)   (306,783)
Total Other Income and (expenses)   (606,582)   (131,708)   (934,492)   (291,783)
                     
Net gain/(loss) before income tax   (500,676)   614,973    (1,040,519)   211,181 
                     
Income tax   -    (990,000)   (225)   (1,040,125)
                     
Net loss   (500,676)   (375,027)   (1,040,744)   (828,944)
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries   1,646    432    1,905    1,026 
Net loss attributable to Quest Patent Research Corporation  $(499,030)  $(374,595)  $(1,038,839)  $(827,918)
                     
Loss per share basic and diluted  $(0.00)  $(0.00)  $(0.00)  $(0.00)
                     
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic and diluted   383,038,334    383,038,334    383,038,334    383,038,334 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in       Non-
controlling Interest in
   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Subsidiaries   Deficit 
Balances as of December 31, 2017   383,038,334    11,491    14,107,782    (16,549,493)   3,219    (2,427,001)
Net loss   -    -    -    (453,323)   (594)   (453,917)
 Balance as of March 31, 2018   383,038,334    11,491    14,107,782    (17,002,816)   2,625    (2,880,918)
Net loss                  (374,595)   (432)   (375,027)
Balances as of June 30, 2018   383,038,334   $11,491   $14,107,782   $(17,377,411)  $2,193   $(3,255,945)
                               
   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in       Non-
controlling Interest in
   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Subsidiaries   Deficit 
Balances as of December 31, 2018   383,038,334    11,491    14,107,782    (18,659,892)   1,758    (4,538,861)
Net loss   -    -    -    (539,809)   (259)   (540,068)
 Balance as of March 31, 2019   383,038,334    11,491    14,107,782    (19,199,701)   1,499    (5,078,929)
Net loss                  (499,030)   (1,646)   (500,676)
Balances as of June 30, 2019   383,038,334   $11,491   $14,107,782   $(19,698,731)  $(147)  $(5,579,605)

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

 

    For the  
    Six Months Ended  
    June 30,  
    2019     2018  
             
Cash flows from operating activities:            
Net loss   $ (1,040,744 )   $ (828,944 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities:                
Amortization of debt discount     159,651       96,673  
(Gain)/loss on derivative liability     560,000       (15,000 )
Depreciation and amortization     248,636       228,860  
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     (274,897 )     2,846  
Accrued interest – loans payable related party     (26,280 )     201,961  
Accrued interest – loans payable third party     8,150       8,150  
Other current assets     (11,493 )     (493 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     776,543       52,140  
                 
Net cash provided by (used) in operating activities     399,566       (253,807 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchase of patents     (75,000 )     (20,000 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (75,000 )     (20,000 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Repayment of purchase price of patents     (75,000 )     -  
Proceeds from loans – related party     -       125,000  
Net cash used in financing activities     (75,000 )     125,000  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     249,566       (148,807 )
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     166,911       165,546  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 416,477     $ 16,739  
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities                
Accounts payable for patent purchase, net of imputed interest of $336,781 and $0     1,238,219       -  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Cash paid during the period for:                
Income taxes, including foreign taxing authorities withheld taxes of $0 and $1,039,900 during the periods ended June 30, 2019, and 2018 respectively.     225       1,040,125  
Interest     233,000       -  

  

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2019

  

NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The Company is a Delaware corporation, incorporated on July 17, 1987 and has been engaged in the intellectual property monetization business since 2008.

 

As used herein, the “Company” refers to Quest Patent Research Corporation and its wholly and majority-owned and controlled operating subsidiaries unless the context indicates otherwise. All intellectual property acquisition, development, licensing and enforcement activities are conducted by the Company’s wholly and majority-owned and controlled operating subsidiaries.

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the US (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these interim financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. All adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items) necessary to present fairly the Company’s consolidated financial position have been included. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Operating results for the interim periods presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year. Reclassifications have been made to conform with the current year presentation.

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of consolidation and financial statement presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”) and present the consolidated financial statements of the Company and its wholly owned and majority owned subsidiaries as of June 30, 2019. 

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of:

 

  Quest Patent Research Corporation (“The Company”)
  Quest Licensing Corporation (NY) (wholly owned)
  Quest Licensing Corporation (DE) (wholly owned)
  Quest Packaging Solutions Corporation (90% owned)
  Quest Nettech Corporation (65% owned)
  Semcon IP, Inc. (wholly owned)
  Mariner IC, Inc. (wholly owned)
  IC Kinetics, Inc. (wholly owned)
  CXT Systems, Inc. (wholly owned)
  Photonic Imaging Solutions Inc. (wholly owned)
  M-RED Inc. (wholly owned)

 

Prior to April 2019, the operations of Wynn Technologies, Inc. were not included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as there were significant contingencies related to its control of Wynn Technologies, Inc. The sole asset of Wynn Technologies, Inc. was US Patent No. RE38,137E. Wynn Technologies, Inc. could not transfer, assign, sell, hypothecate or otherwise encumber US Patent No. RE38,137E without the express written consent of Sol Li, owner of 35% of Wynn Technologies, Inc., unless, as of the date of such transfer, assignment, sale, hypothecation or other encumbrance, Mr. Li had received a total of at least $250,000. US Patent No. RE38,137E expired on September 28, 2015. The Company accounted for its 65% interest in Wynn Technologies, Inc. under the equity method whereby the investment accounts were increased for contributions by the Company plus its 60% share of income pursuant to the contractual agreement which provides that Sol Li, owner of 35% of Wynn Technologies, Inc. retained 40% of the income, and reduced for distributions and its 60% share of losses incurred, respectively, with the restriction whereby the account balances cannot go below zero. On April 11, 2019, Quest NetTech Corporation merged with Wynn Technologies, Inc. with Quest NetTech Corporation being the surviving entity. Pursuant to the merger agreement, we issued to Mr. Li a 35% interest in Quest NetTech Corporation.

 

Significant intercompany transaction and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. 

  

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. 

 

5

 

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of patents which are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives or statutory lives whichever is shorter and are reviewed for impairment upon any triggering event that may give rise to the assets ultimate recoverability as prescribed under the guidance related to impairment of long-lived assets. Costs incurred to acquire patents, including legal costs, are also capitalized as long-lived assets and amortized on a straight-line basis with the associated patent.  

 

Patents include the cost of patents or patent rights (hereinafter, collectively “patents”) acquired from third-parties or acquired in connection with business combinations.  Patent acquisition costs are amortized utilizing the straight-line method over their remaining economic useful lives, ranging from one to ten years. Certain patent application and prosecution costs incurred to secure additional patent claims that, based on management’s estimates are deemed to be recoverable, are capitalized and amortized over the remaining estimated economic useful life of the related patent portfolio.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company evaluates the embedded conversion feature within its convertible debt instruments under ASC 815-15 and ASC 815-40 to determine if the conversion feature meets the definition of a liability and, if so, whether to bifurcate the conversion feature and account for it as a separate derivative liability. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. For stock-based derivative financial instruments, the Company uses a Black Scholes model, in accordance with ASC 815-15 “Derivative and Hedging” to value the derivative instruments at inception and on subsequent valuation dates. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months after the balance sheet date. 

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy is used which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. See Note 4 for information about derivative liabilities. 

 

The fair value hierarchy based on the three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are as follows:

 

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 – Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are financial instruments whose values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. 

 

The carrying value reflected in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and short-term borrowings approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these items.

 

6

 

 

Income Tax

 

The Company records revenues on a gross basis, before deduction for income taxes. The Company incurred foreign income tax expenses of $0 and $225 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, and approximately $990,000 and approximately $1,040,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.

  

Inventor/Former Owner Royalties and Contingent Legal/Litigation Finance Expenses

 

In connection with the investment in certain patents and patent rights, certain of the Company’s operating subsidiaries may execute related agreements which grant to the inventors and/or former owners of the respective patents or patent rights, the right to receive a percentage of future net revenues (as defined in the respective agreements) generated as a result of licensing and otherwise enforcing the respective patents or patent portfolios.

 

The Company’s operating subsidiaries may retain the services of law firms that specialize in patent licensing and enforcement and patent law in connection with their licensing and enforcement activities. These law firms may be retained on a contingent fee basis whereby such law firms are paid a percentage of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments awarded.

 

The Company’s operating subsidiaries may engage with funding sources that provide financing for patent licensing and enforcement. These litigation finance firms may be engaged on a non-recourse basis whereby such litigation finance firms are paid a percentage of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments awarded in exchange for providing funding for legal fees and out of pocket expenses incurred as a result of the licensing and enforcement activities.

 

The economic terms of the inventor agreements, operating agreements, contingent legal fee arrangements and litigation financing agreements associated with the patent portfolios owned or controlled by the Company’s operating subsidiaries, if any, including royalty rates, contingent fee rates and other terms, vary across the patent portfolios owned or controlled by such operating subsidiaries. Inventor/former owner royalties, payments to non-controlling interests, contingent legal fees expenses and litigation finance expenses fluctuate period to period, based on the amount of revenues recognized each period, the terms and conditions of revenue agreements executed each period and the mix of specific patent portfolios with varying economic terms and obligations generating revenues each period. Inventor/former owner royalties, contingent legal fees expenses and litigation finance expenses will continue to fluctuate and may continue to vary significantly period to period, based primarily on these factors.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when there is a contract which has commercial substance which is approved by both parties and identifies the rights of the parties and the payment terms. The Company adopted Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method, with no impact on the consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

The Company adopted Topic 842 “Leases” as of January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition method with no impact on the consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

Management does not believe that there are any recently issued, but not effective, accounting standards which, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements. 

 

7

 

 

Going Concern

 

As shown in the accompanying financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $19,700,000 and negative working capital of approximately $6,734,000 as of June 30, 2019. Because of the Company’s continuing losses, its working capital deficiency, the uncertainty of future revenue, the Company’s low stock price and the absence of a trading market in its common stock, the ability of the Company to raise funds in equity market or from lenders is severely impaired. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Although the Company may seek to raise funds and to obtain third party funding for litigation to enforce its intellectual property rights, the availability of such funds is uncertain. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

  

NOTE 3 – SHORT-TERM DEBT AND LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

 

The following table shows the Company’s short-term and long-term debt at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Short-term debt:        
Loans payable – third party  $163,000   $163,000 
           
Loan payable – related party          
Gross   4,672,810    4,672,810 
Accrued Interest   116,500    117,780 
Unamortized discount   (293,344)   (379,948)
Net loans payable – related party  $4,495,966   $4,410,642 
Long-term liabilities:          
Purchase price of patents          
Gross   2,100,000    875,000 
Unamortized discount   (368,934)   (105,171)
Net purchase price of patents – long-term  $1,731,066   $769,829 
Contingent funding liabilities:          
Gross   150,000    150,000 
Net contingent funding liabilities  $150,000   $150,000 

  

The loan payable – third party is a demand loan made by former officers and directors, who are unrelated third parties at June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, in the amount of $163,000. The loans are payable on demand plus accrued interest at 10% per annum. These third parties are also stockholders, but their stockholdings are not significant. 

 

The loan payable – related party at June 30, 2019 represents the principal amount of the Company’s 10% note to Intelligent Partners, LLC (“Intelligent Partners”) as transferee of the notes issued to United Wireless Holdings, Inc. (“United Wireless”), in the amount of $4,672,810 pursuant to securities purchase agreement dated October 22, 2015 between the Company and United Wireless, as more fully described in the Company’s financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018. The notes payable to Intelligent Partners, as transferee of United Wireless, have been classified as a current liability as of June 30, 2019.

 

Interest on all notes issued pursuant to the securities purchase agreement, accrued through September 30, 2018, with accrued interest being added to principal on September 30, 2016, 2017 and 2018. On September 30, 2018, approximately $395,459 of accrued interest was added to principal. Since September 30, 2018, the Company has been required to pay interest quarterly. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company paid approximately $115,000 and 233,000 in interest, respectively.

 

Because of its right to elect a director of the Company, United Wireless is treated as a related party. Prior to the securities purchase agreement with United Wireless, the Company had no relationship with United Wireless.

 

8

 

 

Long term liabilities

 

The purchase price of patents at June 30, 2019 represents:

 

  The non-current portion of minimum payments due under the agreement between CXT Systems, Inc. (“CXT”), a wholly owned subsidiary, and IV 34/37 pursuant to which CXT acquired by assignment all right, title, and interest in a portfolio of fourteen United States patents, five foreign patents and six related applications (the “CXT Portfolio”). Under the agreement, CXT will distribute 50% of net recoveries, as defined, to IV 34/37. CXT advanced $25,000 to IV 34/37 at closing, and agreed that in the event that, on December 31, 2018, December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2020, cumulative distributions to IV 34/37 total less than $100,000, $375,000 and $975,000, respectively, CXT shall pay the difference necessary to achieve the applicable minimum payment amount within ten days after the applicable date; with any advances being credited toward future distributions to IV 34/36. No affiliate of CXT has guaranteed the minimum payments. CXT’s obligations under the agreement are secured by a security interest in the proceeds (from litigation or otherwise) from the CXT Portfolio. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company paid the $75,000 liability, representing the difference between the $100,000 of distributions that were payable by December 31, 2018 and the $25,000 paid at closing, that was classified as a short-term liability as of December 31, 2018.

  

  The non-current portion of minimum payments due under the agreement between M-RED Inc. (“M-RED”), a wholly owned subsidiary Intellectual Ventures Assets 113 LLC and Intellectual Ventures Assets 108 LLC (“IV 113/108”) pursuant to which M-RED paid IV 113/108 $75,000 and IV 113/108 transferred to M-RED all right, title and interest in a portfolio of sixty United States patents and eight foreign patents (the “M-RED Portfolio”). Under the agreement, M-RED will distribute 50% of net proceeds, as defined, to IV 113/108, as long as the Company generates revenue from the M-RED Portfolio. The agreement with IV 113/108 provides that if, on September 30, 2020, September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2022, cumulative distributions to IV 113/108 total less than $450,000, $975,000 and $1,575,000, respectively, M-RED shall pay the difference between such cumulative amounts and the amount paid to IV 113/108 within ten days after the applicable date. The $75,000 advance is treated as an advance against the first distributions of net proceeds payable to IV 113/108. No affiliate of M-RED has guaranteed the minimum payments. M-RED’s obligations under the agreement with IV 113/108 are secured by a security interest in the proceeds (from litigation or otherwise) from the M-RED Portfolio.

 

The contingent funding liabilities at June 30, 2019 represents the non-current portion of our obligations under the litigation funding agreement with a third-party litigation funder entered into in December 2018 whereby the third-party agreed to provide litigation funding in the amount of $150,000 to the Company to enable the Company to support its structured licensing programs for the CMOS and M-RED portfolios. Under the funding agreement, the third party receives an interest in the proceeds from the programs that are payable to the Company, and the Company has no other obligation to the third party.

 

Our relationship with the funding source meets the criteria in ASC 470-10-25 - Sales of Future Revenues or Various Other Measures of Income (“ASC 470”), which relates to cash received from a funding source in exchange for a specified percentage or amount of revenue or other measure of income of a particular product line, business segment, trademark, patent, or contractual right for a defined period. Under this guidance, we recognized the fair value of our contingent obligation to the funding source, as of the acquisition date, as long-term debt in our consolidated balance sheet. This initial fair value measurement is based on the perspective of a market participant and includes significant unobservable inputs which are classified as Level 3 inputs within the fair value hierarchy and are discussed further within Note 2. At each subsequent reporting period, we will measure the long-term debt at fair value based on the discounted expected future cash flows over the life of the obligation. Our repayment obligations are contingent upon future patent licensing fee revenues generated from the licensing programs.

 

Under ASC 470, amounts recorded as debt shall be amortized under the interest method. The Company made an accounting policy election to utilize the prospective method when there is a change in the estimated future cash flows, whereby a new effective interest rate is determined based on the revised estimate of remaining cash flows. The new rate is the discount rate that equates the present value of the revised estimate of remaining cash flows with the carrying amount of the debt, and it will be used to recognize interest expense for the remaining periods. Under this method, the effective interest rate is not constant, and any change in expected cash flows is recognized prospectively as an adjustment to the effective yield. As of June 30, 2019, the total contingent funding liability remains $150,000 and the effective interest rate was approximately 12.8%. This rate represents the discount rate that equates the estimated future cash flows with the fair value of the debt and is used to compute the amount of interest to be recognized each period. Any future payments made to the funding source will decrease the long-term debt balance accordingly. For the period ended June 30, 2019, the amortization amount is deemed immaterial. 

 

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NOTE 4 – DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

Because there is not a fixed conversion price, remaining compliant with the authorized share requirement under the notes to Intelligent Partners is outside of the control of the Company. Because there is no set limit on the number of shares issuable under the notes if the notes become convertible, absent an increase in the stock price or an increase in authorized shares, there are potentially not enough authorized shares of common stock to satisfy the exercise of the Company’s options, thus the Company determined that certain options qualify as derivative liabilities under ASC Topic 815. On January 22, 2016, the Company reclassified all non-employee warrants and options as derivative liabilities and revalued them at their fair values at each balance sheet date. Any change in fair value was recorded as other income (expense) for each reporting period at each balance sheet date.

 

As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the aggregate fair value of the outstanding derivative liability was approximately $1,100,000 and $540,000, respectively.

 

The Company estimated the fair value of the derivative liability using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following key assumptions during the period ended June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

    Period Ended  
    June 30, December 31,  
    2019     2018  
Volatility           389 %     388-426 %
Risk-free interest rate     1.36 %     0.64 %
Expected dividends     -       - %
Expected term     1.25       1.75-4.70  

 

The following schedule summarizes the valuation of financial instruments at fair value in the balance sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

   Fair Value Measurements as of 
   June 30, 2019   December 31, 2018 
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Assets                        
None           -            -      -             -            -            - 
Total assets   -    -    -    -    -    - 
Liabilities                              
Option derivative liability   -    -    1,100,000    -    -    540,000 
Total liabilities  $-   $-   $1,100,000   $-   $-   $540,000 

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of changes in the fair value of derivative liabilities classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy:

 

  

Significant Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)
as of
June 30,
2019

 
Beginning balance  $540,000 
Change in fair value   560,000 
Ending balance  $1,100,000 

 

10

 

 

NOTE 5 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

No options were granted during six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

A summary of the status of the Company’s stock options and changes is set forth below:

 

   Number of
Options (#)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price ($)
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
 
Balance - December 31, 2018   50,000,000    0.03    1.75 
Granted   -    -    - 
Exercised   -    -    - 
Expired   -    -    - 
Cancelled   -    -    - 
Balance - June 30, 2019   50,000,000    0.03    1.25 

 

NOTE 6 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets include patents purchased and are recorded based at their acquisition cost. Intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

           Weighted
average
 
   June 30,   December 31,   amortization
period
 
   2019   2018   (years) 
Patents  $5,595,000   $4,020,000    6.50 
Less: net monetization obligations   (509,811)   (509,811)     
Imputed interest   (713,073)   (376,291)     
Subtotal   4,372,116    3,133,898      
Less: accumulated amortization   (1,336,916)   (1,088,280)     
Net value of intangible assets  $3,035,200   $2,045,618    6.38 

 

Intangible assets are comprised of patents with estimated useful lives. The intangible assets at June 30, 2019 represent:

 

  patents acquired in October 2015 for a purchase price of $3,000,000, the useful lives of the patents, at the date of purchase, was 6-10 years;

 

  patents acquired in July 2017 pursuant to an obligation to distribute 50% of net revenues to IV 34/37, against which $25,000 was advanced at closing and provided that in the event that, on December 31, 2018, December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2020, cumulative distributions of 50% of net revenues to IV 34/37 total less than $100,000, $375,000 and $975,000, respectively, CXT shall pay the difference necessary to achieve the applicable minimum payment amount within ten days after the applicable date; with any advances being credited toward future distributions to IV 34/36; the useful lives of the patents, at the date of acquisition, was 5-6 years;

 

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  patents (which were fully depreciated at the date of acquisition) acquired in January 2018 pursuant to an agreement with to Intellectual Ventures Assets 62 LLC and Intellectual Ventures Assets 71 LLC “(IV 62/71”), pursuant to which CXT has an obligation to distribute 50% of net revenues to IV 62/71 against which CXT advanced $10,000 at closing;

 

  patents acquired in January 2018 by Photonic Imaging Solutions Inc. (“PIS”) from Intellectual Ventures Assets 64 LLC (“IV 64”) pursuant to which PIS is to pay IV 64 (a) 70% of the first $1,500,000 of net revenue, (b) 30% of the next $1,500,000 of net revenue and (c) 50% of net revenue in excess of $3,000,000, against which PIS advanced $10,000 at closing; and

 

  patents acquired in March 2019 by M-Red Inc. (“M-Red”) from Intellectual Ventures Assets 113 LLC and Intellectual Ventures 108 LLC (“IV 113/108”) pursuant to which M-Red is obligated to distribute 50% of net revenues to IV 113/108, against which $75,000 was advanced at closing and provided that in the event that, on September 30, 2020, September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2022, cumulative distributions of 50% of net revenues to IV 113/108 total less than $450,000, $975,000 and $1,575,000, respectively, M-Red shall pay the difference necessary to achieve the applicable minimum payment amount within ten days after the applicable date; with any advances being credited toward future distributions to IV 113/108; the useful lives of the patents, at the date of acquisition, was approximately nine years.

  

The Company amortizes the costs of intangible assets over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. Costs incurred to acquire patents, including legal costs, are also capitalized as long-lived assets and amortized on a straight-line basis with the associated patent. Amortization of patents is included as a selling, general and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

 

The Company assesses intangible assets for any impairment to the carrying values. As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, management concluded that there was no impairment to the acquired assets. At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the book value of the Company’s intellectual property was $3,035,200 and $2,045,618, respectively. 

 

Amortization expense for patents comprised $248,636 and $437,720 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, respectively. Future amortization of intangible assets is as follows:

 

Year ended December 31,    
2019  $277,261 
2020   553,779 
2021   549,345 
2022   495,742 
2023 and thereafter   1,159,073 
Total  $3,035,200 

 

Pursuant to the securities purchase agreement dated October 22, 2015 between the Company and United Wireless, more fully described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, 15% of the net monetization proceeds from the patents acquired in October 2015 will be paid to Intelligent Partners, as transferee of United Wireless. This monetization obligation was recognized as a discount to the loan and will be amortized over the life of the loan using the effective interest method. In addition, the Company entered into a monetization agreement with United Wireless pursuant to which the Company agreed to pay United Wireless 7.5% of the net monetization proceeds from the patents acquired by CXT in July 2017. This obligation was recorded as an expense and is reflected in interest expense during the third quarter of 2017.

 

The Company granted Intellectual Ventures a security interest in the patents assigned to the Company as security for the payment of the balance of the purchase price. The security interest of Intellectual Ventures is senior to the security interest of United Wireless in the proceeds derived from such patents. 

 

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The balance of the purchase price of the patents is reflected as follows:

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Current Liabilities:        
Purchase price of patents, current portion   275,000   $100,000 
Unamortized discount          
Non-current liabilities:          
Purchase price of patents, long term   2,100,000   $875,000 
Unamortized discount   (368,934)   (105,172)
Total current and non-current   2,006,066    869,828 
Effective interest rate of Amortized over 2-3 years   9.35%-14.45%   9.6%

 

Because the non-current minimum payment obligations of $2,100,000 are due over the next three and a quarter years, the Company imputed interest of 10% and the interest will be accreted up to the maturity date. 

 

NOTE 7 – NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST

 

The following table reconciles equity attributable to the non-controlling interest related to Quest Packaging Solutions Corporation.

 

Balance as of December 31, 2018  $1,758 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest  $(1,905)
Balance as of June 30, 2019  $(147)

 

NOTE 8 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company has at various times entered into transactions with related parties, including officers, directors and major stockholders, wherein these parties have provided services, advanced or loaned money, or both, to the Company which was needed to support its daily operations. The Company discloses all related party transactions.

 

See Notes 3 and 6 in connection with transactions with United Wireless. During periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company incurred interest expense on the Company’s 10% notes issued to United Wireless pursuant to the securities purchase agreement dated October 22, 2015 more fully described in the Company’s financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018. The interest expense was approximately $116,500 and $232,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively and $103,000 and $202,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. On each of September 30, 2017 and 2018, accrued interest was added to the principal amount of the note. Subsequent to September 30, 2018, the Company is to pay interest quarterly. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 the Company paid approximately $115,000 and 233,000 in interest, respectively.

 

See Note 9 with respect to the employment agreement with the Company’s president and chief executive officer.

   

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company contracted with an entity owned by the chief technology officer for the provision of information technology services to the Company. The cost of such services was approximately $90 and $235 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, and approximately $190 and $420 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.

 

13

 

 

NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Employment Agreements

 

Pursuant to a restated employment agreement, dated November 30, 2014, with the Company’s president and chief executive officer, the Company agreed to employ him as president and chief executive officer for a term of three years, commencing January 1, 2014, and continuing on a year-to-year basis unless terminated by either party on not less than 90 days’ notice prior to the expiration of the initial term or any one-year extension. The agreement provides for an initial annual salary of $252,000, which may be increased, but not decreased, by the board or the compensation committee. In March 2016, the Company’s board of directors increased the chief executive officer’s annual salary to $300,000, effective January 1, 2016. The chief executive officer is entitled to a bonus if the Company meets or exceeds performance criteria established by the compensation committee. In August 2016, the Company’s board of directors approved annual bonus compensation equal to 30% of the amount by which our consolidated income before income taxes exceeds $500,000, but, if the Company is subject to the limitation on deductibility of executive compensation pursuant to Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code, the bonus cannot exceed the amount which would be deductible pursuant to Section 162(m). The chief executive officer is also eligible to participate in any executive incentive plans which the Company may adopt. 

 

Inventor Royalties, Contingent Litigation Funding Fees and Contingent Legal Expenses

 

In connection with the investment in certain patents and patent rights, certain of the Company’s operating subsidiaries executed agreements which grant to the former owners of the respective patents or patent rights, the right to receive inventor royalties based on future net revenues (as defined in the respective agreements) generated as a result of licensing and otherwise enforcing the respective patents or patent portfolios. 

 

The Company’s operating subsidiaries may engage third party funding sources to provide funding for patent licensing and enforcement. The agreements with the third party funding sources may provide that the funding source receive a portion of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments. In certain instances, these third party funding sources are entitled to receive a significant percentage of any proceeds realized until the third party funder has recouped agreed upon amounts based on formulas set forth in the underlying funding agreement, which may reduce or delay and proceeds due to the Company.

 

The Company’s operating subsidiaries may retain the services of law firms in connection with their licensing and enforcement activities. These law firms may be retained on a contingent fee basis whereby the law firms are paid on a scaled percentage of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments awarded based on how and when the fees, settlements or judgments are obtained. 

 

Depending on the amount of any recovery, it is possible that all the proceeds from a specific settlement may be paid to the funding source and legal counsel.

 

The economic terms of the inventor agreements, funding agreements and contingent legal fee arrangements associated with the patent portfolios owned or controlled by the Company’s operating subsidiaries, if any, including royalty rates, proceeds sharing rates, contingent fee rates and other terms, vary across the patent portfolios owned or controlled by the operating subsidiaries. Inventor royalties, payments to noncontrolling interests, payments to third party funding providers and contingent legal fees expenses fluctuate period to period, based on the amount of revenues recognized each period, the terms and conditions of revenue agreements executed each period and the mix of specific patent portfolios with varying economic terms and obligations generating revenues each period. Inventor royalties, payments to third party funding sources and contingent legal fees expenses will continue to fluctuate and may continue to vary significantly period to period, based primarily on these factors. 

 

In March 2014, the Company entered into a funding agreement whereby a third party agreed to provide funds to the Company to enable the Company to implement a structured licensing program, including litigation if necessary, for the Mobile Data portfolio. Under the funding agreement, the third party receives an interest in the proceeds from the program, and we have no other obligation to the third party. In April and June 2014, as part of a structured licensing program for the Mobile Data portfolio, Quest Licensing Corporation brought patent infringement suits in the U.S. District for the District of Delaware against Bloomberg LP et. al., FactSet Research Systems Inc., Interactive Data Corporation, SunGard Data Systems Inc. and The Charles Schwab Corporation et. al. In June and August 2016, Quest Licensing Corporation entered into a settlement agreement with SunGard Data Systems Inc. and FactSet Research Systems Inc. On January 19, 2017, the court in the Mobile Data Portfolio litigation granted the remaining defendants’ motion for summary judgment of non-infringement. On June 8, 2018 the appellate court affirmed the lower court’s decision. On June 9, 2018 Quest Licensing Corporation filed a petition for rehearing with the appellate court. On July 30, 2018 the appellate court denied Quest Licensing Corporations petition for rehearing. As of the date of filing the third party litigation has advanced approximately $3,000,000 in litigation fees, costs and expenses. Under the terms of the funding agreement, the third party funder is entitled to a priority return of funds advanced from any proceeds recovered. The Company’s management fees and management support services expenses relate to this agreement.

 

14

 

 

In December 2018, we entered into a funding agreement whereby a third party agreed to provide funds to us to enable us to support our structured licensing programs for the CMOS and M-RED portfolios. Under the funding agreement, the third party receives an interest in the proceeds from the programs, and we have no other obligation to the third party. As of December 31, 2018, the third party funding source advanced $150,000 for costs and expenses, and has no further obligation to provide additional funds. Under the terms of the funding agreement, the third party funder is entitled to a priority return of funds advanced from net proceeds recovered. 

 

On April 11, 2019, Quest NetTech Corporation merged with Wynn Technologies, Inc. with Quest NetTech Corporation being the surviving entity. Pursuant to the merger agreement, we issued to Mr. Li a 35% interest in Quest NetTech Corporation and Mr. Li is entitled to receive 40% of the net licensing revenues generated by Quest NetTech Corporation from the Financial Data Portfolio.

 

Patent Enforcement and Other Litigation

 

Certain of the Company’s operating subsidiaries are engaged in litigation to enforce their patents and patent rights. In connection with these patent enforcement actions, it is possible that a defendant may request and/or a court may rule that an operating subsidiary has violated statutory authority, regulatory authority, federal rules, local court rules, or governing standards relating to the substantive or procedural aspects of such enforcement actions. In such event, a court may issue monetary sanctions against the Company or its operating subsidiaries or award attorney’s fees and/or expenses to a defendant(s), which could be material, and if required to be paid by the Company or its operating subsidiaries, could materially harm the Company’s operating results and financial position and could result in a default under the Company’s notes to Intelligent Partners. Since the operating subsidiaries do not have any assets other than the patents, and the Company does not have any available financial resources to pay any judgment which a defendant may obtain against a subsidiary, such a judgement may result in the bankruptcy of the subsidiary and/or the loss of the patents, which are the subsidiaries’ only assets.

 

On January 19, 2017, the court in the Mobile Data Portfolio litigation granted the defendants’ motion for summary judgment of non-infringement, On January 31, 2017, Quest Licensing Corporation filed a notice of appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Following the court’s decision granting the defendant’s motion for summary judgment, the defendants moved for an award of attorneys’ fees under Section 285 of the Patent Act which provides that “the court in exceptional cases may award reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party.” Such a motion, if granted, would result in a judgment against Quest Licensing Corporation, which does not have the financial resources to enable it to pay any judgment which may be rendered against it, and, the defendants may seek to enforce their judgment by seeking to foreclose on the patents owned by the subsidiary or seek to force the subsidiary into bankruptcy and purchase the patents in the bankruptcy proceeding, either of which could result in a default under the Company’s agreement with United Wireless. The possible amount of any judgment cannot be estimated and the funding source for the litigation will not provide the Company with funds to pay an adverse judgment. On June 29, 2017, the defendants’ motion for attorney fees in the Mobile Data litigation was denied, without prejudice and with leave to renew their motion thirty days from the decision of the appellate court on Quest Licensing Corporation’s appeal. On June 8, 2018 the appellate court affirmed the lower court’s decision. On June 9, 2018 Quest Licensing Corporation filed a petition for rehearing with the appellate court. On July 30, 2018 the appellate court denied Quest Licensing Corporations petition for rehearing. On March 27, 2019 the court in the Mobile Data Portfolio litigation denied the defendants’ motion for attorney fees under Section 285 of the Patent Act. 

 

15

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Overview

 

Our principal operations include the development, acquisition, licensing and enforcement of intellectual property rights that are either owned or controlled by us or one of our wholly owned subsidiaries. We currently own, control or manage eleven intellectual property portfolios, which principally consist of patent rights. Our ten intellectual property portfolios include the portfolios which we acquired from Intellectual Ventures Assets 16, LLC (“Intellectual Ventures”) and seven of its affiliates. As part of our intellectual property asset management activities and in the ordinary course of our business, it has been necessary for either us or the intellectual property owner who we represent to initiate, and it is likely to continue to be necessary to initiate patent infringement lawsuits and engage in patent infringement litigation. We anticipate that our primary source of revenue will come from the grant of licenses to use our intellectual property, including licenses granted as part of the settlement of patent infringement lawsuits.

 

We seek to generate revenue from two sources:

 

  Patent licensing fees relating to our intellectual property portfolio, which includes fees from the licensing of our intellectual property, primarily from litigation relating to enforcement of our intellectual property rights. Almost all of the revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were from patent licensing fees, of which approximately 98% and 100%, respectively, was paid to funding sources and legal counsel pursuant to our agreements with funding sources and legal counsel.
     
  Licensed packaging sales, which relate to the sale of licensed products

 

In previous periods, we also generated revenue from management fees, which we received for managing structured licensing programs, including litigation, related to our intellectual property rights. We do not currently receive these fees and do not have any agreements that provide for such payments.

 

Because of the nature of our business transactions to date, we recognize revenues from licensing upon execution of a license agreement following settlement of litigation and not over the life of the patent. Thus, we would recognize revenue when we receive the license fee or settlement payment. Although we intend to seek to develop portfolios of intellectual property rights that provide us for a continuing stream of revenue, to date we have not been successful in doing so, and we do not anticipate that we will be able to generate any significant revenue from licenses that provide a continuing stream of revenue. Thus, to the extent that we continue to generate cash from single payment licenses, our revenue can, and is likely to, vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year. Our gross profit from license fees reflects any royalties which we pay in connection with our license.

 

It is generally necessary for us to commence litigation in order to obtain a recovery for past infringement of, or to license the use of, our intellectual property rights. Intellectual property litigation is very expensive, with no certainty of any recovery. To the extent possible we seek to engage counsel on a contingent fee or partial contingent fee basis, which significantly reduces our litigation cost, but which also reduces the value of the recovery to us. We do not have the resources to enable us to fund the cost of litigation. To the extent that we cannot fund litigation ourselves, we may enter into an agreement with a third-party funding source. Our agreements with the funding sources typically provide that the funding source pays the litigation costs and that the funding source receives a percentage of the recovery, thus reducing our recovery in connection with any settlement of the litigation. In view of our limited cash and our working capital deficiency, we are not able to institute any monetization program that may require litigation unless we engage counsel on a fully contingent basis or we obtain funding from third party funding sources. In these cases, counsel may be afforded a greater participation in the recovery and the third party that funds the litigation would be entitled to participate in any recovery. To the extent that we have agreements with counsel and/or litigation funding sources pursuant to which payments made to them represent a portion of the gross recovery, and such payment is contingent upon a recovery, our revenue from litigation reflects the gross recovery from litigation as licensing fees, and payments to counsel and/or litigation funding sources are reflected as cost of revenue.  

 

To a significantly lesser extent, we generate revenue from sale of packaging materials based on our TurtlePakTM technology. Our gross profit from sales reflects the cost of contract manufacturing and labor. We did not generate any revenue from the TurtlePakTM Portfolio other than from the sale of products using our technology. 

 

During 2018, Mariner IC brought patent infringement suits in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against Sharp Corporation, AsusTek Computer Inc., TiVo Corporation and Huawei Device Co., Ltd et. al. In April 2019, the action against TiVo Corporation was settled and our revenue for the period ended June 30, 2019 includes revenue from this settlement. The actions against Sharp Corporation and AsusTek Computer Inc. are currently stayed pending settlement, although no assurance can be given that any settlement will result in significant, if any, revenue to us.

 

In April 2018 Photonic Imaging Systems Inc. brought patent infringement actions in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware against Lenovo Group Ltd., AsusTek Computer Inc., Lorex Technology Inc., and NETGEAR, Inc. The actions against AsusTek Computers Inc. and Lorex Technology Inc. are currently stayed pending settlement, although no assurance can be given that any settlement will result in significant, if any, revenue to us.

 

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On April 11, 2019, Quest NetTech Corporation merged with Wynn Technologies, Inc. with Quest NetTech Corporation being the surviving entity. Pursuant to the merger agreement, we issued to Mr. Li a 35% interest in Quest NetTech Corporation and Mr. Li is entitled to receive 40% of the net licensing revenues generated by Quest NetTech Corporation from the Financial Data Portfolio. On April 12, 2019, Quest NetTech brought a patent infringement suit in the U.S. District for the Eastern District of Texas against Apple, Inc.

 

In April 2018, CXT Systems, Inc brought patent infringement suits in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against Academy Ltd., The Container Store Group, Inc. and Pier 1 Imports, Inc. In May 2018 CXT Systems brought patent infringement suits in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against Conn’s, Inc., Fossil Group, Inc., J.C. Penney Company, Inc., Stage Stores, Inc. and Tailored Brands, Inc. In April 2019, BazaarVoice, Inc. took a license to certain patents in the CXT Portfolio which resolved certain, but not all, claims in the actions against J.C. Penney Company, Inc., Tailored Brands, Inc., and The Container Store Group, Inc. As part of the license agreement, BazaarVoice, Inc. issued to CXT a promissory note in the principal amount of $250,000 in two installment payments each in the amount of $125,000, without interest, as follows: the first installment payment in the amount of $125,000 on July 7, 2019, and; the second installment payment in the amount of $125,000 on October 7, 2019. Our revenue for the period ended June 30, 2019 includes revenue from this license. The action against The Container Store Group, Inc. is currently stayed pending settlement.

 

On July 16, 2019, M-Red Inc. brought patent infringement suits in the U.S. District for the Eastern District of Texas against Panasonic Corporation.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018

 

Revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were approximately $1,013,000, a decrease of approximately $5,193,000, or 84%, from the comparable period of 2018, which were approximately $6,206,000. Revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were approximately $1,388,000, a decrease of approximately $5,675,000, or 80%, from the comparable period of 2018, which was approximately $7,063,000. We generated revenue from patent fees of approximately $992,000 and approximately $1,362,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, from settlements in the CXT portfolio actions and anchor structure portfolio actions. We generated revenue from patent fees of approximately $6,200,000 and $7,049,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively, from settlements in the power management/bus controller portfolio actions. As discussed above, the timing and amount of our revenue is dependent upon the results of litigation seeking to enforce our intellectual property rights, and we cannot predict when or whether we will have a recovery and how much of the recovery will be received by us after payments to legal counsel, to our funding sources and to Intelligent Partners who has an interest in our share of the recovery from certain patent portfolios after deducting payments due to counsel and the litigation funding source.

 

Operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019 decreased by approximately $4,552,000, or 83%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2018. Operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019 decreased by approximately $5,066,000, or 77%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018. Our principal operating expense for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 was litigation and licensing expenses of approximately $579,000 and $845,000, respectively, which represent fees payable to attorneys and third-party funding sources associated with the power management portfolio settlements and are reflected as cost of revenues. These fees became payable as a result of settlement agreements that provided for a recovery. The total settlement recovery is included in revenue and the associated costs are treated as cost of revenue. When the settlement funds are disbursed we receive the net amount due us after deducting the associated settlement costs. We had settlement costs of $5,210,000 and approximately $6,009,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.

 

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Other income (expense) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 included a loss on the derivative liability associated with the options granted pursuant to our agreement with Intelligent Partners of $395,000 and $560,000, respectively. We realized a gain of $25,000 and $15,000 on derivative liability for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. Other income reflects interest expense of approximately $212,000 and approximately $374,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, and approximately $157,000 and approximately $307,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The increase in interest expense reflects the interest accrued on our note to Intelligent Partners.

 

During the period we incurred income tax expense of approximately $0 and $225 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to approximately $990,000 and $1,040,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The decrease in income tax expense primarily reflect foreign income taxes related to foreign source patent licensing fees. We did not incur foreign income tax expenses in the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

As a result of the foregoing, we realized net loss of approximately $499,000, or $0.00 per share (basic and diluted) and approximately $1,039,000, or $0.00 per share (basic and diluted), for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, compared to net loss of approximately $375,000, or $0.00 per share (basic and diluted), and approximately $828,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At June 30, 2019, we had current assets of approximately $705,000, and current liabilities of approximately $7,439,000. Our current liabilities include approximately $275,000 payable to Intellectual Ventures, loans payable of approximately $4,379,000 (net of discount of approximately $293,000) and accrued interest of approximately $116,500 payable to Intelligent Partners, as transferee of the notes initially issued to United Wireless, and loans payable of $163,000 and accrued interest of approximately $290,000 due to former directors and minority stockholders. As of June 30, 2019, we have an accumulated deficit of approximately $19,700,000 and a negative working capital of approximately $6,734,000. Other than salary to our chief executive officer, we do not contemplate any other material operating expense in the near future other than normal general and administrative expenses, including expenses relating to our status as a public company filing reports with the SEC.  

 

We cannot assure you that we will be successful in generating future revenues, in obtaining additional debt or equity financing or that such additional debt or equity financing will be available on terms acceptable to us, if at all, or that we will be able to obtain any third party funding in connection with any of our intellectual property portfolios. We have no credit facilities.

 

We have an agreement with a funding source which is providing litigation financing in connection with our pending litigation relating to our mobile data portfolio. We cannot predict the success of any pending or future litigation. Our obligations to Intelligent Partners are not contingent upon the success of any litigation. If we fail to generate a sufficient recovery in these actions (net of any portion of any recovery payable to the funding source or our legal counsel) in a timely manner to enable us to pay Intelligent Partners on the present loans we would be in default under our agreements with Intelligent Partners which could result in Intelligent Partners obtaining ownership of the three subsidiaries which own the patent rights we acquired from Intellectual Ventures. Our agreements with the funding sources provide that the funding sources will participate in any recovery which is generated. We believe that our financial condition, our history of losses and negative cash flow from operations, and our low stock price make it difficult for us to raise funds in the debt or equity markets.

 

As noted below, there is a substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. 

 

Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates including the allowance for doubtful accounts, the salability and recoverability of our products, income taxes and contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form our basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

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Management believes the following critical accounting policies affect the significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with US GAAP and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X of the SEC, and present the financial statements of the Company and our wholly-owned subsidiary. In the preparation of our consolidated financial statements, intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated. 

 

Use of Estimates and Assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

We adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis. ASC 820 establishes a common definition for fair value to be applied to existing US GAAP that require the use of fair value measurements which establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosure about such fair value measurements. 

 

ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Additionally, ASC 820 requires the use of valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. These inputs are prioritized below:

 

  Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
     
  Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data
     
  Level 3:  Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require the use of the reporting entity’s own assumptions.

 

In addition, FASB ASC 825-10-25 “Fair Value Option” was effective for January 1, 2008. ASC 825-10-25 expands opportunities to use fair value measurements in financial reporting and permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value.

 

Income Tax

 

We record revenues on a gross basis, before deduction for income taxes. We incurred foreign income tax expenses of $0 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and approximately $990,000 and approximately $1,040,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

We review for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable, pursuant to guidance established in ASC 360-10-35-15, “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”. We recognize an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value.

 

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Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when there is a contract which has commercial substance which is approved by both parties and identifies the rights of the parties and the payment terms. We adopted Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective transition method, with no impact on the consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

Cost of Revenue

 

Cost of revenues mainly includes expenses incurred in connection with our patent enforcement activities, such as legal fees, consulting costs, patent maintenance, royalty fees for acquired patents and other related expenses. Cost of revenue does not include expenses related to product development, patent amortization, integration or support, as these are included in general and administrative expenses.

 

Inventor/Former Owner Royalties and Contingent Legal/Litigation Finance Expenses

 

In connection with the investment in certain patents and patent rights, certain of our operating subsidiaries may execute related agreements which grant to the inventors and/or former owners of the respective patents or patent rights, the right to receive a percentage of future net revenues (as defined in the respective agreements) generated as a result of licensing and otherwise enforcing the respective patents or patent portfolios. 

 

Our operating subsidiaries may retain the services of law firms that specialize in patent licensing and enforcement and patent law in connection with their licensing and enforcement activities. These law firms may be retained on a contingent fee basis whereby such law firms are paid a percentage of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments awarded.

 

Our operating subsidiaries may engage with funding sources that specialize in providing financing for patent licensing and enforcement. These litigation finance firms may be engaged on a non-recourse basis whereby such litigation finance firms are paid a percentage of any negotiated fees, settlements or judgments awarded in exchange for providing funding for legal fees and out of pocket expenses incurred as a result of the licensing and enforcement activities.

 

The economic terms of the inventor agreements, operating agreements, contingent legal fee arrangements and litigation financing agreements associated with the patent portfolios owned or controlled by our operating subsidiaries, if any, including royalty rates, contingent fee rates and other terms, vary across the patent portfolios owned or controlled by such operating subsidiaries. Inventor/former owner royalties, payments to non-controlling interests, contingent legal fees expenses and litigation finance expenses fluctuate period to period, based on the amount of revenues recognized each period, the terms and conditions of revenue agreements executed each period and the mix of specific patent portfolios with varying economic terms and obligations generating revenues each period. Inventor/former owner royalties, contingent legal fees expenses and litigation finance expenses will continue to fluctuate and may continue to vary significantly period to period, based primarily on these factors. 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

We adopted Topic 842 “Leases” as of January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition method with no impact on the consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

Management does not believe that there are any recently issued, but not effective, accounting standards which, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on our financial statements. 

 

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Going Concern

 

We have an accumulated deficit of approximately $19,700,000 and negative working capital of approximately $6,734,000 as of June 30, 2019. Because of our continuing losses, our working capital deficiency, the uncertainty of future revenue, our obligations to Intellectual Ventures and Intelligent Partners, as transferee of United Wireless, our low stock price and the absence of a trading market in our common stock, our ability to raise funds in equity market or from lenders is severely impaired, and we may not be able to continue as a going concern. Although we may seek to raise funds and to obtain third party funding for litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, the availability of such funds in uncertain. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. 

 

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any other financial guarantees or other commitments to guarantee the payment obligations of any third parties. We have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as stockholder’s equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are not required to provide the information under this item. 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Management’s Conclusions Regarding Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” (“Disclosure Controls”), as defined by Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of June 30, 2019, the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Disclosure Controls evaluation was done under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, which positions are held by the same person. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives. Based upon this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, due to the inadequacy of our internal controls over financial reporting and our limited internal audit function, our disclosure controls were not effective as of June 30, 2019, such that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the president and treasurer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure. 

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

As reported in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, management has determined that our internal audit our internal controls contains material weaknesses due to lack of segregation of duties within accounting functions as well as lack of qualified accounting personnel and excessive reliance on third party consultants for accounting, financial reporting and related activities. These problems continue to affect us as we only have on full-time executive officer, who is our only full-time employee and who serves as chief executive officer and chief financial officer.

 

During the period ended June 30, 2019, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. 

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

31.1 Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1 Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.ins XBRL Instance Document
101.sch XBRL Taxonomy Schema Document
101.cal XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Document
101.def XBRL Taxonomy Linkbase Document
101.lab XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
101.pre XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: August 14, 2019

 

  QUEST PATENT RESEARCH CORPORATION
     
  By:  /s/ Jon C. Scahill
    Jon C. Scahill
    Chief Executive Officer and
Acting Chief Financial Officer

 

 

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