10-Q 1 qvc-20230930.htm 10-Q qvc-20230930
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 001-38654
QVC, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
State of Delaware
 23-2414041
   (State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer Identification
   incorporation or organization)
 Number)
    1200 Wilson Drive
19380
     West Chester, Pennsylvania
(Zip Code)
     (Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (484) 701-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
6.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2067QVCDNew York Stock Exchange
6.250% Senior Secured Notes due 2068QVCCNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company  Emerging growth
company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No x

None of the voting stock of the registrant is held by a non-affiliate of the registrant. There is no publicly traded market for any class of voting stock of the registrant. There is one holder of record of our equity, Qurate Retail Group, Inc., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, Inc.



QVC, Inc.
2023 QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q


Table of Contents




Item 1. Financial Statements
QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
September 30,December 31,
(in millions, except share amounts)20232022
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$279 357 
Restricted cash13 10 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for credit losses of $90 at September 30, 2023 and $102 at December 31, 2022
934 1,362 
Inventories1,021 1,035 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets134 144 
Total current assets2,381 2,908 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $963 at September 30, 2023 and $929 at December 31, 2022
426 472 
Operating lease right-of-use assets (note 5)468 419 
Television distribution rights, net (note 2)108 72 
Goodwill (note 3)3,444 3,470 
Other intangible assets, net (note 3)3,127 3,184 
Note receivable - related party (note 1)1,740 1,740 
Other noncurrent assets53 68 
Assets held for sale noncurrent (note 5) 71 
Total assets$11,747 12,404 
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:
Current portion of debt and finance lease obligations (note 4)$424 216 
Accounts payable-trade765 832 
Accrued liabilities718 911 
Other current liabilities49 57 
Total current liabilities1,956 2,016 
Long-term portion of debt and finance lease obligations (note 4)4,048 4,721 
Deferred income taxes (note 6)629 577 
Long-term operating lease liabilities434 377 
Other long-term liabilities91 141 
Total liabilities7,158 7,832 
Commitments and contingencies (note 7)
Equity:
QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1 authorized share
  
Additional paid-in capital10,894 10,869 
Accumulated deficit(6,040)(6,080)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(351)(312)
Total QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity4,503 4,477 
Noncontrolling interest86 95 
Total equity4,589 4,572 
Total liabilities and equity$11,747 12,404 
1

QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Net revenue$2,194 2,217 6,611 6,963 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)1,424 1,526 4,368 4,775 
Operating175 186 530 543 
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation324 309 989 906 
Depreciation23 21 68 88 
Amortization75 73 213 217 
Impairment losses (note 3) 2,600  2,600 
Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) (note 10)19 (137)(196)(134)
Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions (277)(119)(520)
2,040 4,301 5,853 8,475 
Operating income (loss)154 (2,084)758 (1,512)
Other (expense) income:
(Losses) gains on financial instruments  (1)1 
Interest expense, net(63)(50)(167)(175)
Foreign currency gain (loss)6 21 (3)50 
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt  10 (6)
Other income   20 
(57)(29)(161)(110)
Income (loss) before income taxes97 (2,113)597 (1,622)
Income tax expense(34)(101)(173)(251)
Net income (loss)63 (2,214)424 (1,873)
Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest(12)(12)(38)(41)
Net income (loss) attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder$51 (2,226)386 (1,914)
2

QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Net income (loss)$63 (2,214)424 (1,873)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax(47)(127)(51)(330)
Total comprehensive income (loss)16 (2,341)373 (2,203)
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest(8)(6)(26)(16)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder$8 (2,347)347 (2,219)
3

QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)20232022
Operating activities:
Net income (loss)$424 (1,873)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Deferred income taxes66 (39)
Foreign currency loss (gain)3 (50)
Depreciation68 88 
Amortization 213 217 
Impairment losses 2,600 
Change in fair value of financial instruments and noncash interest1 (1)
Other charges, net16 30 
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt(10)6 
Stock-based compensation27 27 
Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions(119)(520)
Gain on insurance proceeds, net of fire related costs(225)(139)
Insurance proceeds received for operating expenses and business interruption losses226 96 
Change in operating assets and liabilities
Decrease in accounts receivable378 482 
Decrease (increase) in inventories12 (82)
Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets19 42 
Decrease in accounts payable-trade(62)(362)
Decrease in accrued liabilities and other(273)(345)
Net cash provided by operating activities764 177 
Investing activities:
Capital expenditures(116)(135)
Expenditures for television distribution rights(111)(36)
Insurance proceeds received for fixed asset loss54 184 
Proceeds from derivative instruments167  
Payments for derivative instruments(179) 
Changes in other noncurrent assets(2)(5)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets202 701 
Other investing activities2 20 
Net cash provided by investing activities17 729 
Financing activities:
Principal payments of debt and finance lease obligations(1,086)(1,942)
Principal borrowings of debt from senior secured credit facility1,022 1,850 
Principal repayment of senior secured notes(396)(536)
Payment of premium on redemption of senior secured notes (6)
Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc.(344)(162)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest(35)(39)
Withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation (5)
Net cash used in financing activities(839)(840)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(17)(59)
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(75)7 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period367 519 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$292 526 
4

QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(unaudited)
Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficitAccumulated other
comprehensive loss
Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
(in millions, except share data)SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 20211 $ 10,687 (2,942)(146)122 7,721 
Net (loss) income— — — (1,914)— 41 (1,873)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax— — — — (305)(25)(330)
Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc. and noncontrolling interest— — — (162)— (39)(201)
Impact of tax liability allocation and indemnification agreement with Qurate Retail, Inc.— —  (1)— — (1)
Withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation— — (5)— — — (5)
Stock-based compensation— — 27 — — — 27 
Common control transaction with Qurate Retail, Inc.— — (110)— — — (110)
Balance, September 30, 20221$ 10,599 (5,019)(451)99 5,228 
Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficitAccumulated other
comprehensive loss
Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
(in millions, except share data)SharesAmount
Balance, June 30, 20221 $ 10,628 (2,751)(330)105 7,652 
Net (loss) income— — — (2,226)— 12 (2,214)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax— — — — (121)(6)(127)
Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc. and noncontrolling interest— — — (41)— (12)(53)
Impact of tax liability allocation and indemnification agreement with Qurate Retail, Inc.— — (4)(1)— — (5)
Stock-based compensation— — 9 — — — 9 
Common control transaction with Qurate Retail, Inc.— — (34)— — — (34)
Balance, September 30, 20221$ 10,599 (5,019)(451)99 5,228 




5

QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(unaudited)
Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficit
Accumulated other
comprehensive loss
Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
(in millions, except share data)SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 20221 $ 10,869 (6,080)(312)95 4,572 
Net income— — — 386 — 38 424 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax— — — — (39)(12)(51)
Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc. and noncontrolling interest— — — (344)— (35)(379)
Impact of tax liability allocation and indemnification agreement with Qurate Retail, Inc.— —  (2)— — (2)
Stock-based compensation— — 25 — — — 25 
Balance, September 30, 20231 $ 10,894 (6,040)(351)86 4,589 
Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficitAccumulated other
comprehensive loss
Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
(in millions, except share data)SharesAmount
Balance, June 30, 20231 $ 10,886 (6,050)(308)89 4,617 
Net income— — — 51 — 12 63 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax— — — — (43)(4)(47)
Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc. and noncontrolling interest— — — (44)— (11)(55)
Impact of tax liability allocation and indemnification agreement with Qurate Retail, Inc.— —  3 — — 3 
Stock-based compensation— — 8 — — — 8 
Balance, September 30, 20231 $ 10,894 (6,040)(351)86 4,589 
6

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

(1) Basis of Presentation
QVC, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, the terms "we," "our," "us," the "Company" and "QVC" refer to QVC, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries) is a retailer of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise-focused televised shopping programs, the Internet and mobile applications.
In the United States ("U.S."), QVC's televised shopping programs, including live and recorded content, are distributed across multiple channels nationally on a full-time basis, including QVC, QVC2, QVC3, HSN and HSN2. The Company's U.S. programming is also available on QVC.com and HSN.com, which we refer to as our "U.S. websites"; virtual multichannel video programming distributors (including Hulu + Live TV, DirecTV Stream, and YouTube TV); applications via streaming video; Facebook Live, Roku, Apple TV, Amazon Fire, Xfinity Flex and Samsung TV Plus; mobile applications; social media pages and over-the-air broadcasters.
QVC's digital platforms enable consumers to purchase goods offered on our televised programming, along with a wide assortment of products that are available only on our U.S. websites and our other digital platforms (including our mobile applications, social media pages and others) are natural extensions of our business model, allowing customers to engage in our shopping experience wherever they are, with live or on-demand content customized to the device they are using. In addition to offering video content, our U.S. websites allow shoppers to browse, research, compare and perform targeted searches for products, read customer reviews, control the order-entry process and conveniently access their account.
Internationally, QVC's televised shopping programs, including live and recorded content, are distributed to households outside of the U.S., primarily in Germany, Austria, Japan, the United Kingdom ("U.K."), the Republic of Ireland and Italy. In some of the countries where QVC operates, QVC's televised shopping programs are distributed across multiple QVC channels: QVC Style and QVC2 in Germany and QVC Beauty, QVC Extra and QVC Style in the U.K. Similar to the U.S., our international businesses also engage customers via websites, mobile applications, and social media pages. QVC's international business employs product sourcing teams who select products tailored to the interests of each local market.
The Company's Japanese operations ("QVC-Japan") are conducted through a joint venture with Mitsui & Co., LTD ("Mitsui"). QVC-Japan is owned 60% by the Company and 40% by Mitsui. The Company and Mitsui share in all profits and losses based on their respective ownership interests. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, QVC-Japan paid dividends to Mitsui of $35 million and $39 million, respectively.
The Company is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, Inc. ("Qurate Retail") (Nasdaq: QRTEA, QRTEB and QRTEP), which owns Cornerstone Brands, Inc. ("CBI"), as well as other minority investments. QVC is part of the Qurate Retail Group ("QRG"), a portfolio of brands including QVC and CBI. Zulily, LLC (“Zulily”) was a wholly owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail until its divestiture on May 24, 2023.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, QVC and Zulily engaged in multiple transactions relating to sales, sourcing of merchandise, marketing initiatives and business advisory services. Prior to Qurate Retail's divestiture of Zulily, QVC allocated expenses of $3 million to Zulily for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022. Zulily allocated expenses of $2 million and $6 million to QVC for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
In September 2020, QVC and Zulily executed a Master Promissory Note ("Promissory Note") whereby Zulily could borrow up to $100 million at a variable interest rate equal to the LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin rate. In connection with Qurate Retail's divestiture of Zulily, the Promissory Note was terminated in May 2023. There were no borrowings on the Promissory Note as of December 31, 2022.
During each of the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, QVC and CBI engaged in multiple transactions relating to personnel and business advisory services. QVC allocated expenses of $19 million and $22 million to CBI for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. CBI allocated expenses of $1 million to QVC for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022.

7

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
On December 30, 2020, the Company and Liberty Interactive LLC ("LIC") completed an internal realignment of the Company's global finance structure that resulted in a common control transaction with Qurate Retail. As part of the common control transaction, LIC issued a promissory note (“LIC Note”) to a subsidiary of the Company with an initial face amount of $1.8 billion, a stated interest rate of 0.48% and a maturity of December 29, 2029. Interest on the LIC Note is paid annually. QVC recorded $6 million of related party interest income for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, included in interest expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of QVC, Inc. and its majority-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions were eliminated in consolidation.

The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in QVC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022. Certain prior period balances were reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates include, but are not limited to, sales returns, uncollectible receivables, inventory obsolescence, internally-developed software, valuation of acquired intangible assets and goodwill and income taxes.

(2) Television Distribution Rights, Net
Television distribution rights consisted of the following:
(in millions)September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Television distribution rights$593 664 
Less accumulated amortization(485)(592)
Television distribution rights, net$108 72 
The Company recorded amortization expense of $24 million and $29 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to television distribution rights. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, amortization expense for television distribution rights was $74 million and $88 million, respectively.
As of September 30, 2023, related amortization expense for each of the next five years ended December 31 was as follows (in millions):
Remainder of 2023$25 
202475 
20258 
2026 
2027 


8

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
(3) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, Net
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by operating segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 were as follows:
(in millions)QxHQVC-InternationalTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2022$2,692 778 3,470 
Exchange rate fluctuations (26)(26)
Balance as of September 30, 2023$2,692 752 3,444 
Other intangible assets consisted of the following:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
(in millions)Gross
cost
Accumulated
amortization
Other intangible assets, net Gross
cost
Accumulated
amortization
Other intangible assets, net
Purchased and internally developed software$1,043 (771)272 962 (670)292 
Affiliate and customer relationships2,817 (2,665)152 2,818 (2,630)188 
Debt origination fees9 (4)5 9 (3)6 
Trademarks (indefinite life)2,698 — 2,698 2,698 — 2,698 
$6,567 (3,440)3,127 6,487 (3,303)3,184 
The Company recorded amortization expense of $51 million and $44 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to other intangible assets. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, amortization expense for other intangible assets was $139 million and $129 million, respectively.

9

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
As of September 30, 2023, the related amortization and interest expense for each of the next five years ended December 31 was as follows (in millions):
Remainder of 2023$54 
2024181 
2025120 
202674 
2027 
During the third quarter of 2022, as a result of recent financial performance and macroeconomic conditions including inflation and higher interest rates, the Company initiated a process to evaluate its current business model and long-term business strategy. It was determined during the third quarter of 2022 that an indication of impairment existed for the QxH reporting unit related to its tradenames and goodwill. With the assistance of a third party specialist, the fair value of the tradenames was determined using the relief from royalty method, primarily using a discounted cash flow model using projections of future operating performance (income approach) and applying a royalty rate (market approach) (Level 3), and an impairment in the amount of $180 million related to the HSN Tradename was recorded during the third quarter of 2022, in impairment losses in the consolidated statements of operations.
During the third quarter of 2022, with the assistance of a third party specialist, the fair value of the QxH reporting unit was determined using a discounted cash flow method (Level 3), and a goodwill impairment in the amount of $2,420 million was recorded during the third quarter of 2022, in impairment losses in the consolidated statements of operations. After the triggering event and impairment loss recorded during the third quarter of 2022, the Company performed a qualitative goodwill impairment analysis during its annual impairment assessment in the fourth quarter of 2022 and no further impairment was identified.
QVC’s results have been challenged as a result of current business trends and global economic conditions. The Company will continue to monitor its current business performance versus the current and updated long-term forecasts, among other relevant considerations, to determine if the carrying value of its assets (including Goodwill and Trademarks) are appropriate. Future outlook declines in revenue, cash flows, or other factors could result in a sustained decrease in fair value that may result in a determination that material carrying value adjustments are required.


10

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
(4) Long-Term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations consisted of the following:
(in millions)September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023, net of original issue discount
$ 214 
4.85% Senior Secured Notes due 2024, net of original issue discount
423 600 
4.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2025, net of original issue discount
585 599 
4.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2027
575 575 
4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2028
500 500 
5.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2034, net of original issue discount
399 399 
5.95% Senior Secured Notes due 2043, net of original issue discount
300 300 
6.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2067
225 225 
6.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2068
500 500 
Senior secured credit facility995 1,057 
Finance lease obligations2 4 
Less debt issuance costs, net(32)(36)
Total debt and finance lease obligations4,472 4,937 
Less current portion(424)(216)
Long-term portion of debt and finance lease obligations$4,048 4,721 
Senior Secured Notes
All of QVC's senior secured notes are secured by the capital stock of QVC and have equal priority to the senior secured credit facility. The interest on QVC's senior secured notes is payable semi-annually with the exception of the 6.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2067 (the "2067 Notes") and the 6.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2068 (the "2068 Notes"), which are payable quarterly. The remaining outstanding 4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023 were repaid at maturity in March 2023.
During the second quarter of 2023, QVC purchased $177 million of the outstanding 4.85% Senior Secured Notes due 2024 (the "2024 Notes") and $15 million of the outstanding 4.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2025. As a result of the repurchases, the Company recorded a gain on extinguishment of debt in the condensed consolidated statements of operations of $10 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. As of September 30, 2023, the remaining outstanding 2024 Notes are classified within the current portion of long term debt as they mature in less than one year.

11

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
Senior Secured Credit Facility
On October 27, 2021, QVC entered into the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement") with Zulily, CBI, and QVC Global, each a direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, as borrowers (collectively, the “Borrowers”). The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement is a multi-currency facility providing for a $3.25 billion revolving credit facility, with a $450 million sub-limit for letters of credit and an alternative currency revolving sub-limit equal to 50% of the revolving commitments thereunder. The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement may be borrowed by any Borrower, with each Borrower jointly and severally liable for the outstanding borrowings. Borrowings bear interest at either the alternate base rate (“ABR Rate”) or a LIBOR-based rate (or the applicable non-U.S. Dollar equivalent rate) (“Term Benchmark/RFR Rate”) at the applicable Borrower’s election in each case plus a margin. Borrowings that are ABR Rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the base rate plus a margin that varies between 0.25% and 0.625% depending on the Borrowers’ combined ratio of consolidated total debt to consolidated EBITDA (the “consolidated leverage ratio”). Borrowings that are Term Benchmark/RFR Rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable rate plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.625% depending on the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio. Each loan may be prepaid at any time and from time to time without penalty other than customary breakage costs. No mandatory prepayments will be required other than when borrowings and letter of credit usage exceed availability; provided that, if Zulily, CBI, QVC Global or any other borrower (other than QVC) is removed, at the election of QVC, as a borrower thereunder, all of its loans must be repaid and its letters of credit are terminated or cash collateralized. Any amounts prepaid may be reborrowed. The facility matures on October 27, 2026. Payment of loans may be accelerated following certain customary events of default. In connection with Qurate Retail's divestiture of Zulily (see note 1), Zulily is no longer a co-borrower in the Credit Facility, and Zulily repaid its outstanding borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement using cash contributed from Qurate Retail.
On June 20, 2023, QVC, QVC Global and CBI, as borrowers, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other parties thereto entered into an agreement whereby, in accordance with the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, LIBOR-based rate loans denominated in U.S. dollars made on or after June 30, 2023 would be replaced with Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR")-based rate loans. Borrowings that are SOFR-based loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable SOFR rate, plus a credit spread adjustment, plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.625% depending on the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio.
In accordance with the accounting guidance for obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements, QVC will record a liability for amounts it has borrowed under the senior secured credit facility plus any additional amount it expects to repay on behalf of CBI. There were no borrowings by CBI outstanding on the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement as of September 30, 2023. As of December 31, 2022, there was $18 million borrowed by CBI on the senior secured credit facility, none of which the Company expected to repay on behalf of CBI.
Prior to the removal of Zulily as a co-borrower, QVC recorded a liability for amounts it expected to repay on behalf of Zulily as part of a common control transaction with Qurate Retail. Upon repayment of Zulily's outstanding borrowings, QVC removed a $57 million liability for Zulily's borrowings during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, which was treated as additional paid in capital in the consolidated statements of equity. There were no borrowings by Zulily outstanding on the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement as of December 31, 2022.
Availability under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at September 30, 2023 was $2.15 billion. The interest rate on the senior secured credit facility was 6.8% and 4.5% at September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
The payment and performance of the Borrowers’ obligations under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are guaranteed by each of QVC’s, QVC Global’s and CBI’s Material Domestic Subsidiaries (as defined in the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement), if any, and certain other subsidiaries of any Borrower that such Borrower has chosen to provide guarantees. Further, the borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are secured, pari passu with QVC’s existing notes, by a pledge of all of QVC’s equity interests. The borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are also secured by a pledge of all of CBI’s equity interests.

12

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including certain restrictions on the Borrowers and each of their respective restricted subsidiaries (subject to certain exceptions) with respect to, among other things: incurring additional indebtedness; creating liens on property or assets; making certain loans or investments; selling or disposing of assets; paying certain dividends and other restricted payments; dissolving, consolidating or merging; entering into certain transactions with affiliates; entering into sale or leaseback transactions; restricting subsidiary distributions; and limiting the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio.
Other Debt Related Information
QVC was in compliance with all of its debt covenants as of September 30, 2023.
There are no restrictions under the debt agreements on QVC's ability to pay dividends or make other restricted payments if QVC is not in default on its senior secured notes or the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement and (i) with respect to QVC’s senior secured notes, QVC's consolidated leverage ratio would be no greater than 3.5 to 1.0 (“senior secured notes leverage basket”) and (ii) with respect to the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, the consolidated net leverage ratio for QVC, QVC Global and CBI, would be no greater than 4.0 to 1.0. As of September 30, 2023, QVC’s consolidated leverage ratio (as calculated under QVC’s senior secured notes) was greater than 3.5 to 1.0 and as a result QVC is restricted in its ability to make dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes. Although QVC will not be able to make unlimited dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes leverage basket, QVC will continue to be permitted to make unlimited dividends under the senior secured notes to parent entities of QVC to service the principal and interest when due in respect of indebtedness of such parent entities (so long as there is no default under the indentures governing QVC’s senior secured notes) and permitted to make certain restricted payments to Qurate Retail under an intercompany tax sharing agreement (the “Tax Agreement”) in respect of certain tax obligations of QVC and its subsidiaries.
The weighted average interest rate applicable to all of the outstanding debt (excluding finance leases) prior to amortization of bond discounts and related debt issuance costs was 5.5% and 5.0% as of September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

(5) Leases
Sale-Leaseback Transactions
In November 2022, QVC-International entered into agreements to sell two properties located in Germany and the U.K. to an independent third party. Under the terms of the agreements, QVC received net cash proceeds of $102 million related to its German facility and $80 million related to its U.K. facility when the sale closed in January 2023. Concurrent with the sale, the Company entered into agreements to lease each of the properties back from the purchaser over an initial term of 20 years with the option to extend the terms of the property leases for up to four consecutive terms of five years. QVC recognized a $69 million and $44 million gain related to the successful sale leaseback of the German and U.K. properties, respectively, during the first quarter of 2023 calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received and the carrying value of the properties. The Company accounted for the leases as operating leases and recorded a $42 million and $32 million right-of-use asset and operating lease liability for the German and U.K. properties, respectively.
As of December 31, 2022, assets of $71 million primarily related to the Germany and U.K. properties were classified as held for sale and included in Assets held for sale noncurrent in the consolidated balance sheet, as the proceeds from the sale were used to repay a portion of QVC's senior secured credit facility borrowings which were classified as noncurrent as of December 31, 2022. QVC classifies obligations as current when they are contractually required to be satisfied in the next twelve months.

13

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
In June 2022, QVC modified the finance lease for its distribution center in Ontario, California which reduced the term of the lease and removed QVC’s ability to take ownership of the distribution center at the end of the lease term. QVC will make annual payments over the modified lease term. Since the lease was modified and removed QVC’s ability to take ownership at the end of the lease term, the Company accounted for the modification similar to a sale and leaseback transaction and, as a result, recognized a $240 million gain on the sale of the distribution center during the second quarter of 2022, calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received (including cash of $250 million and forgiveness of the remaining financing obligation of $84 million) and the carrying value of the distribution center. The gain is included in gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. The Company accounted for the modified lease as an operating lease and recorded a $37 million right-of-use asset and a $31 million operating lease liability, with the difference attributable to prepaid rent.
In July 2022, QVC sold five owned and operated properties located in the U.S. to an independent third party and received net cash proceeds of $443 million. Concurrent with the sale, the Company entered into agreements to lease each of the properties back from the purchaser over an initial term of 20 years with the option to extend the terms of the property leases for up to four consecutive terms of five years. QVC recognized a $277 million gain related to the successful sale leaseback for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received and the carrying value of the properties. The Company accounted for the leases as operating leases and recorded a $207 million right-of-use asset and a $205 million operating lease liability, with the difference attributable to initial direct costs.

14

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
(6) Income Taxes
The Company calculates its interim income tax provision by applying its best estimate of the annual expected effective tax rate to its ordinary year-to-date income or loss. The tax or benefit related to significant, unusual or extraordinary items that will be separately reported or reported net of their related tax effect are individually computed and recognized in the interim period in which those items occur.
The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgments including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences as a result of differences between amounts measured and recognized in accordance with tax laws and financial accounting standards, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained or as the tax environment changes. To the extent that the estimated annual effective tax rate changes during a quarter, the effect of the change on the prior quarters is included in the tax expense for the current quarter.

For the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded a tax provision of $34 million and $101 million, respectively, which represented an effective tax rate of 35.1% and (4.8)%, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded a tax provision of $173 million and $251 million, respectively, which represented an effective tax rate of 29.0% and (15.5)%, respectively. The 2023 rate differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 21% primarily due to state and foreign tax expense and permanent items. The 2023 effective tax rate has increased from the prior year for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 primarily due to the 2022 goodwill impairment loss of $2,420 million that is not deductible for tax purposes. Excluding the goodwill impairment loss, the effective tax rate would have been 32.9% and 31.5% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, the effective tax rate has increased from the prior year rate, excluding the goodwill impairment loss, primarily due to permanent items including a civil penalty (see note 10) that is not deductible for tax purposes and foreign taxes which were impacted by the relative decrease in pretax income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the effective tax rate has decreased from the prior year rate, excluding the goodwill impairment loss, primarily due to the reversal of tax expense accrued in prior periods related to the settlement of state income tax reserves.

The Company participates in a consolidated federal return filing with Qurate Retail. As of September 30, 2023, the Company's tax years through 2018 are closed for federal income tax purposes, and the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has completed its examination of the Company's tax years through 2021. The Company's 2022 and 2023 tax years are being examined currently as part of the Qurate Retail consolidated return under the IRS's Compliance Assurance Process program. The Company, or one of its subsidiaries, files income tax returns in various states and foreign jurisdictions. As of September 30, 2023, the Company was under examination in Colorado, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York City, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Wisconsin, Germany and the U.K.

The Company is a party to the Tax Agreement with Qurate Retail. The Tax Agreement establishes the methodology for the calculation and payment of income taxes in connection with the consolidation of the Company with Qurate Retail for income tax purposes. Generally, the Tax Agreement provides that the Company will pay Qurate Retail an amount equal to the tax liability, if any, that it would have if it were to file as a consolidated group separate and apart from Qurate Retail, with exceptions for the treatment and timing of certain items, including but not limited to deferred intercompany transactions, credits, and net operating and capital losses. To the extent that the separate company tax expense is different from the payment terms of the Tax Agreement, the difference is recorded as either a dividend or capital contribution.
The amounts of the tax-related payable due to Qurate Retail as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 were $3 million and $23 million, respectively, and were included in accrued liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.


15

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
(7) Commitments and Contingencies
The Company has contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Although it is reasonably possible the Company may incur losses upon conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that the amounts, if any, which may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Network and information systems, including the Internet and telecommunication systems, third party delivery services and other technologies are critical to QVC's business activities. Substantially all of QVC's customer orders, fulfillment and delivery services are dependent upon the use of network and information systems, including the use of third party telecommunication and delivery service providers. If information systems including the Internet or telecommunication services are disrupted, or if the third party delivery services experience a disruption in their transportation delivery services, the Company could face a significant disruption in fulfilling QVC's customer orders and shipment of QVC's products. The Company has active disaster recovery programs in place to help mitigate risks associated with these critical business activities.

(8) Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
For assets and liabilities required to be reported or disclosed at fair value, U.S. GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
The Company measures the fair value of money market funds based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets. Money market funds are included as cash equivalents Level 1 fair value instruments in the table below. The 2067 Notes (ticker: QVCD) and the 2068 Notes (ticker: QVCC) are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, which the Company considers to be an "active market," as defined by U.S. GAAP. Therefore, these Notes are measured based on quoted prices in an active market and included as Level 1 fair value instruments in the table below. The remainder of the Company's debt instruments and derivative instruments are considered Level 2 fair value instruments and measured based on quoted market prices that are not considered to be traded on "active markets." Accordingly, these financial instruments are reported in the below tables as Level 2 fair value instruments.

16

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
The Company's assets and liabilities measured or disclosed at fair value were as follows:
Fair value measurements at September 30, 2023 using
(in millions)TotalQuoted prices
in active
markets for
identical
assets
(Level 1)
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Current assets:
    Cash equivalents$47 47 — — 
Current liabilities:
     Debt (note 4)408 — 408 — 
Long-term liabilities:
Debt (note 4)2,700 253 2,447 — 
Fair value measurements at December 31, 2022 using
(in millions)TotalQuoted prices
in active
markets for
identical
assets
(Level 1)
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Current assets:
Cash equivalents$64 64 — — 
Current liabilities:
Debt (note 4)213 — 213 — 
Foreign currency forwards10 — 10 — 
Long-term liabilities:
Debt (note 4)3,520 346 3,174 — 
Interest Rate Swap Arrangement
In July 2019, the Company entered into a three-year interest swap arrangement with a notional amount of $125 million to mitigate the interest rate risk associated with interest payments related to its variable rate debt. The swap arrangement did not qualify as a cash flow hedge under U.S. GAAP. Changes in the fair value of the swap arrangement are reflected in (losses) gains on financial instruments in the consolidated statements of operations. The swap arrangement expired in July 2022.
Foreign Currency Forward Contracts
On October 31, 2022, the Company entered into foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $167 million to mitigate the foreign currency risk associated with the sale and leaseback of Germany and U.K. properties. The forwards did not qualify as a cash flow hedge under U.S. GAAP. Changes in the fair value of the forwards are reflected in (losses) gains on financial instruments in the consolidated statements of operations. The forwards were in a net liability position of $10 million as of December 31, 2022, which was included in accrued liabilities. The contract expired in January 2023 which resulted in a net cash settlement of $12 million.

17

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
(9) Information about QVC's Operating Segments

The Company's chief operating decision maker ("CODM") is the Company's Chief Executive Officer who has ultimate responsibility for enterprise decisions. QVC's CODM determines, in particular, resource allocation for, and monitors performance of, the consolidated enterprise, QxH, and QVC-International. The segment managers have responsibility for operating decisions, allocating resources and assessing performance within their respective segments. QVC's CODM relies on internal management reporting that analyzes enterprise results and segment results to the Adjusted OIBDA level (see below).
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, QVC identified QxH and QVC-International as its two reportable segments. Both operating segments are retailers of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise-focused televised-shopping programs as well as via the Internet and mobile applications in certain markets.
Performance measures
The Company evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as net revenue, Adjusted OIBDA (defined below), gross margin, average sales price per unit, number of units shipped and revenue or sales per customer. For segment reporting purposes, the Company defines Adjusted OIBDA, as net revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding fire related costs, net of recoveries and Rocky Mount inventory losses, see note 10), operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation, penalties and restructuring costs). The Company believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its segments by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each segment's performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking among the Company's businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation, amortization, impairment losses, gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions, restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries, Rocky Mount inventory losses and stock-based compensation that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
18

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Disaggregated revenue by segment and product category consisted of the following:
Three months ended September 30, 2023Nine months ended September 30, 2023
(in millions)QxHQVC-InternationalTotalQxHQVC-InternationalTotal
Home$631 220 851 1,868 701 2,569 
Apparel304 105 409 939 329 1,268 
Beauty235 141 376 745 417 1,162 
Accessories204 49 253 619 156 775 
Electronics124 16 140 316 48 364 
Jewelry76 44 120 218 118 336 
Other revenue43 2 45 131 6 137 
Total net revenue$1,617 577 2,194 4,836 1,775 6,611 

Three months ended September 30, 2022Nine months ended September 30, 2022
(in millions)QxHQVC-InternationalTotalQxHQVC-InternationalTotal
Home$621 208 829 1,950 729 2,679 
Apparel330 100 430 982 334 1,316 
Beauty252 129 381 766 419 1,185 
Accessories190 49 239 633 162 795 
Electronics152 20 172 411 71 482 
Jewelry73 45 118 231 139 370 
Other revenue45 3 48 128 8 136 
Total net revenue$1,663 554 2,217 5,101 1,862 6,963 

Adjusted OIBDA is summarized as follows:
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2023202220232022
(in millions)Net
revenue
Adjusted
OIBDA
Net
revenue
Adjusted
OIBDA
Net
revenue
Adjusted
OIBDA
Net
revenue
Adjusted
OIBDA
QxH$1,617 201 1,663 143 4,836 525 5,101 600 
QVC-International577 77 554 62 1,775 226 1,862 261 
   Consolidated QVC$2,194 278 2,217 205 6,611 751 6,963 861 
Other information
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2023202220232022
(in millions)DepreciationAmortizationDepreciationAmortizationDepreciationAmortizationDepreciationAmortization
QxH$15 71 17 70 44 201 62 207 
QVC-International8 4 4 3 24 12 26 10 
Consolidated QVC$23 75 21 73 68 213 88 217 
19

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
September 30, 2023
(in millions)Total
assets
Capital
expenditures
Property and equipment, net
QxH$9,947 83 257 
QVC-International1,800 33 169 
Consolidated QVC$11,747 116 426 
The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to operating income and income before income taxes:
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Adjusted OIBDA$278 205 751 861 
Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions 277 119 520 
Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries (including Rocky Mount inventory losses)(19)137 196 39 
Impairment losses (2,600) (2,600)
Stock-based compensation(7)(9)(27)(27)
Depreciation and amortization(98)(94)(281)(305)
Operating income (loss)154 (2,084)758 (1,512)
(Losses) gains on financial instruments  (1)1 
Interest expense, net(63)(50)(167)(175)
Foreign currency gain (loss)6 21 (3)50 
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt  10 (6)
Other income   20 
Income (loss) before income taxes$97 (2,113)597 (1,622)

(10) Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries)

Fire at Rocky Mount Fulfillment Center

On December 18, 2021, QVC experienced a fire at its Rocky Mount fulfillment center in North Carolina. Rocky Mount was the Company’s second-largest fulfillment center for QxH and the Company’s primary returns center for hard goods. The Company maintains property, general liability and business interruption insurance coverage. Based on the provisions of QVC’s insurance policies, the Company recorded estimated insurance recoveries for fire related costs for which recovery was deemed probable. As of December 31, 2022 the Company had an insurance receivable of $40 million recorded in accounts receivable in the consolidated balance sheet.

In June 2023, the Company agreed to a final insurance settlement with its insurance company and received all remaining proceeds related to the Rocky Mount claim. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023, the Company recorded cumulative fire related costs of $407 million and $439 million, respectively, of which $5 million and $32 million, were recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively. Cumulative costs as of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023 include $119 million of costs that were not reimbursable by QVC’s insurance policies. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023, the Company received cumulative insurance proceeds of $380 million and $660 million, respectively, and recorded net gains, representing the proceeds received in excess of recoverable losses recognized, of $132 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 and losses of $5 million and net gains of $208 million, respectively, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023. Of the $280 million of insurance proceeds received during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, $210 million represents recoveries for business interruption losses. The fire related costs and gains related to insurance recoveries are included in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

20

QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)
In February 2023, QVC sold the Rocky Mount fulfillment center to an independent third party and received net cash proceeds of $15 million. During the three months ended June 30, 2023, QVC received an additional $2 million of proceeds from the sale that were released from escrow. During the three months ended September 30, 2023, QVC received the final $2 million of proceeds from the sale that were released from escrow. QVC recognized gains on the sale of $2 million and $17 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received and the carrying value of the property. The gain is included in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded $147 million of fire related costs including $95 million for the write-down of Rocky Mount inventory which was included in Cost of goods sold. Due to the circumstances surrounding the write-down of the inventory, this write-down has been excluded from Adjusted OIBDA (as defined in note 9).

Project Athens
On June 27, 2022, Qurate Retail announced a five-point turnaround plan designed to stabilize and differentiate its core QxH and QVC-International businesses and expand the Company's leadership in video streaming commerce (“Project Athens”). Project Athens main initiatives include: (i) improve customer experience and grow relationships; (ii) rigorously execute core processes; (iii) lower cost to serve; (iv) optimize the brand portfolio; and (v) build new high growth businesses anchored in strength.
During 2022, QVC commenced the first phase of Project Athens, including actions to reduce inventory and a planned workforce reduction. These initiatives are consistent with QVC’s strategy to operate more efficiently as it implements its turnaround plan. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QVC implemented a workforce reduction and recorded restructuring charges of $13 million in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Other
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 the Company recorded a $16 million provision for an unresolved matter between HSN and the Consumer Product Safety Commission ("CPSC") concerning the imposition of civil penalties for allegedly failing to timely submit a report under the Consumer Product Safety Act in relation to handheld clothing steamers sold by HSN under the Joy Mangano brand names My Little Steamer® and My Little Steamer® Go Mini that were subject to a voluntary recall previously announced on May 26, 2021. The civil penalty was recorded in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
21

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, product and marketing strategies; the impact of the fire at the Rocky Mount fulfillment center; insurance recoveries; the remediation of a material weakness; capital expenditures; revenue growth; the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; repayment of debt; and the anticipated impact of certain contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. The following include some but not all of the factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:
the continuing global and regional economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and other public health-related risks and events, on our customers, our vendors and our businesses generally;
customer demand for our products and services and our ability to attract new customers and retain existing customers by anticipating customer demand and adapting to changes in demand;
competitor responses to our products and services;
increased digital TV penetration and the impact on channel positioning of our programs;
the levels of online traffic on our websites and our ability to convert visitors into consumers or contributors;
uncertainties inherent in the development and integration of new business lines and business strategies;
our future financial performance, including availability, terms and deployment of capital;
our ability to effectively manage our installment sales plans and revolving credit card programs;
the cost and ability of shipping companies, manufacturers, suppliers, digital marketing channels and vendors to deliver products, equipment, software and services;
the outcome of any pending or threatened litigation;
availability of qualified personnel;
the impact of the seasonality of our business;
changes in, or failure or inability to comply with, government regulations, including, without limitation, regulations of the Federal Communications Commission, and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;
changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, distributors, suppliers and vendors;
domestic and international economic and business conditions and industry trends, including the impact of inflation and increased labor costs;
increases in market interest rates;
changes in tariffs, trade policy and trade relations and the United Kingdom ("U.K.")'s exit from the European Union;
changes in trade policy and trade relations with China;
consumer spending levels, including the availability and amount of individual consumer debt;
the effects of our debt obligations;
advertising spending levels;
system interruption and the lack of integration and redundancy in the systems and infrastructures of our business;
22

changes in distribution and viewing of television programming, including the expanded deployment of video on demand technologies and Internet Protocol television and their impact on home shopping programming;
failure to protect the security of personal information, subjecting us to potentially costly government enforcement actions and/or private litigation and reputational damage;
the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which we operate;
threatened terrorist attacks, political unrest in international markets and ongoing military action around the world;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
natural disasters, public health crises (including resurgences of COVID-19 and its variants), political crises, and other catastrophic events or other events outside of our control, including climate change;
failure to successfully implement Project Athens (defined below); and
Qurate Retail's dependence on our cash flow for servicing its debt.
For additional risk factors, please see Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the "2022 10-K"). These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.
The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and the 2022 10-K.
Overview
QVC, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, the terms "we," "our," "us," the "Company" and "QVC" refer to QVC, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries) is a retailer of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise-focused televised shopping programs, the Internet and mobile applications. QVC is comprised of the reportable segments of QxH, which is comprised of QVC-U.S. and HSN, Inc. ("HSN"), and QVC-International. These segments reflect the way the Company evaluates its business performance and manages its operations.
23

Strategies and challenges of business units
The goal of QVC is to extend its leadership in video commerce, e-commerce, streaming commerce and social commerce by continuing to create the world’s most engaging shopping experiences, combining the best of retail, media, and social, highly differentiated from traditional brick-and-mortar stores or transactional e-commerce. QVC provides customers with curated collections of unique products, made personal and relevant by the power of storytelling. We curate experiences, conversations and communities for millions of highly discerning shoppers, and we also reach large audiences, across our many platforms, for our thousands of brand partners.
On June 27, 2022, Qurate Retail announced a five-point turnaround plan designed to stabilize and differentiate its core QxH and QVC-International businesses and expand the Company's leadership in video streaming commerce (“Project Athens”). Project Athens main initiatives include: (i) improve customer experience and grow relationships; (ii) rigorously execute core processes; (iii) lower cost to serve; (iv) optimize the brand portfolio; and (v) build new high growth businesses anchored in strength. In support of Project Athens, QVC’s strategies are as follows.
QVC is focused on rebuilding stronger connections with their customers. In order to improve customer experience and grow relationships, QVC is working to optimize programming using advanced analytics to align product offerings, promotions and airtime with customer preferences. In addition, we expect to invest in infrastructure which will endeavor to improve the customer's order to delivery experience by increasing personalization, reducing shipping time and improving shipment tracking visibility. We expect to develop a customer loyalty program which will provide customers with a more personalized experience.
QVC is enhancing its core processes to deliver the human story telling experience behind a product while also sharing a clear and compelling value proposition. In order to rigorously execute core processes, QVC will optimize pricing and assortment by investing in enhanced Information Technology systems that will support real-time pricing and promotion adjustments at an item level. We will also focus on growing our private label brands to drive revenue and margin at productive scale.
QVC is right sizing its cost base to improve profitability and cash generation. In order to lower cost to serve, QVC will enhance review of spending to identify cost savings opportunities, including opportunities for workforce reduction. Additionally, we will improve product margin through market vendor efficiency and lower fulfillment costs through freight optimization and higher productivity.
Finally, QVC is focused on expanding in the video streaming shopping market. In order to build new high growth businesses anchored in strength, QVC expects to expand streaming viewership by improving the current streaming experience with enhanced video and navigation and seamless transactions. Additionally, we are shaping the future streaming experience with exclusive content, program and deal concepts. We are also building a next generation shopping app featuring vendors with self-made content.
During 2022, QVC commenced the first phase of Project Athens, including actions to reduce inventory and a planned workforce reduction. These initiatives are consistent with QVC’s strategy to operate more efficiently as it implements its turnaround plan, and QVC expects to incur additional expenses related to Project Athens initiatives in future periods. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QVC implemented a workforce reduction and recorded restructuring charges of $13 million in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
QVC’s future net revenue will depend on its ability to grow through digital platforms, retain and grow revenue from existing customers, and attract new customers. QVC's future net revenue may also be affected by (i) the willingness of cable television and direct-to-home satellite system operators to continue carrying QVC's programming service; (ii) QVC's ability to maintain favorable channel positioning, which may become more difficult due to governmental action or from distributors converting analog customers to digital; (iii) changes in television viewing habits because of video-on-demand technologies and Internet video services; (iv) QVC's ability to source new and compelling products; and (v) general economic conditions.
24

The current economic uncertainty in various regions of the world in which our subsidiaries and affiliates operate could adversely affect demand for our products and services since a substantial portion of our revenue is derived from discretionary spending by individuals, which typically falls during times of economic instability. Global financial markets may experience disruptions, including increased volatility and diminished liquidity and credit availability. If economic and financial market conditions in the U.S. or other key markets, including Japan and Europe, continue to be uncertain or deteriorate, our customers may respond by suspending, delaying or reducing their discretionary spending. A suspension, delay or reduction in discretionary spending could adversely affect revenue. Accordingly, our ability to increase or maintain revenue and earnings could be adversely affected to the extent that relevant economic environments decline. Such weak economic conditions may also inhibit our expansion into new European and other markets. We currently are unable to predict the extent of any of these potential adverse effects.
The Company has seen inflationary pressures during the period including higher wages and merchandise costs. If these pressures persist, inflated costs may result in certain increased costs outpacing our pricing power in the near term.
On December 18, 2021, QVC experienced a fire at its Rocky Mount fulfillment center in North Carolina. Rocky Mount was the Company’s second-largest fulfillment center, processing approximately 25% to 30% of volume for QVC-U.S., and also served as QVC-U.S.’s primary returns center for hard goods. The building was significantly damaged as a result of the fire and related smoke and will not reopen. The Company took steps to mitigate disruption to operations including diverting inbound orders, leveraging its existing fulfillment centers and supplementing these facilities with short-term leased space as needed. QVC sold the property in February 2023 and received net cash proceeds of $15 million. During the three months ended June 30, 2023, QVC received an additional $2 million of proceeds from the sale that were released from escrow. During the three months ended September 30,2023, QVC received the final $2 million of proceeds from the sale that were released from escrow. QVC recognized gains on the sale of $2 million and $17 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively. We continue to assess our network footprint and are making investments to expand capacity and increase throughput as a result of the loss of the Rocky Mount fulfillment center.

Based on the provisions of QVC’s insurance policies certain fire related costs were recoverable. In June 2023, the Company agreed to a final insurance settlement with its insurance company and received all remaining proceeds related to the Rocky Mount claim. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023, the Company recorded cumulative fire related costs of $407 million and $439 million, respectively, of which $5 million and $32 million, were recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively. Cumulative costs as of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023 include $119 million of costs that were not reimbursable by QVC’s insurance policies. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2023, the Company received cumulative insurance proceeds of $380 million and $660 million, respectively, and recorded net gains, representing the proceeds received in excess of recoverable losses recognized, of $132 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 and losses of $5 million and net gains of $208 million, respectively, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023. Of the $280 million of insurance proceeds received during the nine months ended September 30, 2023, $210 million represents recoveries for business interruption losses. The fire related costs and gains related to insurance recoveries are included in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
While the Company took steps to minimize the overall impact to the business, we experienced increased warehouse and logistics costs during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022. We do not anticipate these increased warehouse and logistics costs will have a material impact on future periods.
In November 2022, QVC-International entered into agreements to sell two properties located in Germany and the U.K. to an independent third party. Under the terms of the agreements, QVC received net cash proceeds of $102 million related to its German facility and $80 million related to its U.K. facility when the sale closed in January 2023. Concurrent with the sale, the Company entered into agreements to lease each of the properties back from the purchaser over an initial term of 20 years with the option to extend the terms of the property leases for up to four consecutive terms of five years. QVC recognized a $69 million and $44 million gain related to the successful sale leaseback of the German and U.K. properties, respectively, during the first quarter of 2023 calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received and the carrying value of the properties. The Company accounted for the leases as operating leases and recorded a $42 million and $32 million right-of-use asset and operating lease liability for the German and U.K. properties, respectively.
In June 2022, QVC modified the finance lease for its distribution center in Ontario, California which reduced the term of the lease and removed QVC’s ability to take ownership of the distribution center at the end of the lease term. QVC will make annual payments over the modified lease term. Since the lease was modified and removed QVC’s ability to take ownership at the end of the lease term, the Company accounted for the modification similar to a sale and leaseback transaction and, as a result, recognized a $240 million gain on the sale of the distribution center during the second quarter of 2022, calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received (including cash of $250 million and forgiveness of the remaining
25

financing obligation of $84 million) and the carrying value of the distribution center. The gain is included in gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. The Company accounted for the modified lease as an operating lease and recorded a $37 million right-of-use asset and a $31 million operating lease liability, with the difference attributable to prepaid rent.
In July 2022, QVC sold five owned and operated properties located in the U.S. to an independent third party and received net cash proceeds of $443 million. Concurrent with the sale, the Company entered into agreements to lease each of the properties back from the purchaser over an initial term of 20 years with the option to extend the terms of the property leases for up to four consecutive terms of five years. QVC recognized a $277 million gain related to the successful sale leaseback for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 calculated as the difference between the aggregate consideration received and the carrying value of the properties. The Company accounted for the leases as operating leases and recorded a $207 million right-of-use asset and a $205 million operating lease liability, with the difference attributable to initial direct costs.


























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Results of Operations
QVC's operating results were as follows:
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Net revenue$2,194 2,217 6,611 6,963 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation, amortization and Rocky Mount inventory losses shown below)1,424 1,526 4,368 4,680 
Operating175 186 530 543 
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation317 300 962 879 
Adjusted OIBDA (defined below)278 205 751 861 
Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries (including Rocky Mount inventory losses)19 (137)(196)(39)
Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions— (277)(119)(520)
Impairment losses— 2,600 — 2,600 
Stock-based compensation27 27 
Depreciation23 21 68 88 
Amortization75 73 213 217 
Operating income (loss)154 (2,084)758 (1,512)
Other (expense) income:
(Losses) gains on financial instruments— — (1)
Interest expense, net(63)(50)(167)(175)
Foreign currency gain (loss)21 (3)50 
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt— — 10 (6)
Other income— — — 20 
(57)(29)(161)(110)
Income (loss) before income taxes97 (2,113)597 (1,622)
Income tax expense(34)(101)(173)(251)
Net income (loss)63 (2,214)424 (1,873)
Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest(12)(12)(38)(41)
Net income (loss) attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder$51 (2,226)386 (1,914)
Net revenue
Net revenue by segment was as follows:
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
QxH$1,617 1,663 4,836 5,101 
QVC-International577 554 1,775 1,862 
   Consolidated QVC$2,194 2,217 6,611 6,963 
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QVC's consolidated net revenue decreased 1.0% and 5.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The three month decrease in net revenue is primarily due to a 1.0% decrease in units shipped driven by QxH, partially offset by QVC-International. The decrease was also impacted by a $17 million increase in estimated product returns across both segments. These decreases were partially offset by $15 million in favorable foreign exchange rates and a slight increase in average selling price per unit ("ASP") driven by QxH, partially offset by QVC-International. The nine month decrease in net revenue is primarily due to a 5.9% decrease in units shipped across both segments, $52 million in unfavorable foreign exchange rates, a $36 million decrease in shipping and handling revenue at QxH and to a lesser extent QVC-International and a $16 million increase in estimated product returns, driven by QxH. These declines were partially offset by a 2.8% increase in ASP across both segments.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the changes in revenue and expenses were affected by changes in the exchange rates for the U.K. Pound Sterling, the Euro and the Japanese Yen. In the event the U.S. Dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies in the future, QVC's revenue and operating cash flow will be negatively affected.
In discussing our operating results, the term currency exchange rates refers to the currency exchange rates we use to convert the operating results for all countries where the functional currency is not the U.S. Dollar. We calculate the effect of changes in currency exchange rates as the difference between current period activity translated using the prior period's currency exchange rates. Throughout our discussion, we refer to the results of this calculation as the impact of currency exchange rate fluctuations. When we refer to "constant currency operating results", this means operating results without the impact of the currency exchange rate fluctuations. The disclosure of constant currency amounts or results permits investors to understand better QVC’s underlying performance without the effects of currency exchange rate fluctuations.
The percentage change in net revenue for each of QVC's segments in U.S. Dollars and in constant currency was as follows:
Three months ended September 30, 2023Nine months ended September 30, 2023
U.S. DollarsForeign Currency Exchange ImpactConstant CurrencyU.S. DollarsForeign Currency Exchange ImpactConstant Currency
QxH(2.8)%— %(2.8)%(5.2)%— %(5.2)%
QVC-International4.2 %2.7 %1.5 %(4.7)%(2.8)%(1.9)%
QxH net revenue decline for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was primarily due to a 2.7% decrease in units shipped, and a $13 million increase in estimated product returns. These declines were partially offset by a 1% increase in ASP. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, QxH experienced shipped sales growth in accessories, jewelry and home with declines in all other categories. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QxH net revenue decreased due to a 6.8% decrease in units shipped, a $16 million increase in estimated product returns, and a $31 million decrease in shipping and handling revenue. These declines were partially offset by a 2.9% increase in ASP. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QxH experienced shipped sales declines across all categories.

QVC-International net revenue growth in constant currency for the three months ended September 30, 2023 was primarily due to a 2.7% increase in units shipped driven by the U.K. and to a lesser extent Japan and Germany. This increase was partially offset by a 0.7% decrease in ASP across the U.K. and Japan. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, QVC-International experienced shipped sales growth in constant currency in beauty, home and apparel with declines across all other product categories except jewelry, which remained flat. QVC-International net revenue decline in constant currency for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was primarily due to a 3.9% decrease in units shipped across all markets except the U.K. and a $5 million decrease in shipping and handling revenue. These declines were partially offset by a 2.8% increase in ASP across all markets except the U.K. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QVC-International experienced shipped sales growth in constant currency in beauty and apparel with declines across all other product categories except accessories, which remained flat.
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Cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation, amortization and fire related costs, net)
QVC's cost of goods sold as a percentage of net revenue was 64.9% and 66.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, compared to 68.8% and 67.2% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. The decrease in cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily due to product margin expansion and lower inventory obsolescence across both segments and lower freight and warehousing costs at QxH. The decrease in cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily due to lower inventory obsolescence and lower freight costs driven by QxH and product margin expansion driven by QVC-International. These decreases were partially offset by higher warehousing costs across both segments. Higher warehousing costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 are primarily due to higher rent expense of $29 million as a result of warehouses sold and leased back during the prior year and current period, partially offset by favorability at QxH as a result of strains on our fulfillment network due to the loss of the Rocky Mount fulfillment center impacting the prior year that did not recur at the same level in the current year. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, warehousing costs at QxH included comparable rent expense in the prior period, so the decrease was the result of prior year strains on our fulfillment network due to the loss of the Rocky Mount fulfillment center that did not recur at the same level in the current year.

Operating expenses
QVC's operating expenses are principally comprised of commissions, order processing and customer service expenses, credit card processing fees and telecommunications expenses. Operating expenses were 8.0% of net revenue for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and were 8.4% and 7.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. Operating expenses decreased $11 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and decreased $13 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, the decreases in operating expenses are primarily due to lower customer service personnel costs at QxH. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the decreases in operating expenses are primarily due to lower customer service personnel costs at QxH and favorable exchange rates, partially offset by higher commissions expense at QxH.

Selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation)
QVC's selling, general, and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation) include personnel, information technology, provision for doubtful accounts, production costs, and marketing and advertising expenses. Such expenses increased $17 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022 and as a percentage of net revenue from 13.5% to 14.4%. Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased $83 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and increased as a percentage of net revenue from 12.6% to 14.6%.
For the three months ended September 30, 2023, the increase was primarily due to a $12 million increase in consulting costs primarily at QxH and to a lesser extent QVC-International. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the increase was primarily due to a $60 million increase in consulting expenses primarily at QxH and to a lesser extent QVC-International and a $37 million increase in personnel costs across both segments and an $8 million increase in rent expense at QxH. These increases were partially offset by a $19 million decrease in credit losses, primarily at QxH and a $10 million decrease in marketing expenses, primarily at QxH. The increase in consulting expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily related to Project Athens. The increase in personnel costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was driven by higher benefits expense in comparison to the prior year. The decrease to estimated credit losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was due to unfavorable adjustments recognized in the prior year based on actual collections experience.












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Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of (recoveries) (including Rocky Mount inventory losses)

QVC recorded a loss of $19 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and a gain of $196 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, the loss was primarily related to a Consumer Product Safety Commission ("CPSC") civil penalty of $16 million (refer to note 10 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements) and $5 million of other fire related costs, partially offset by a $2 million gain on the sale of the Rocky Mount property. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the gain related to a $240 million gain on insurance proceeds received in excess of fire losses and a $17 million gain on the sale of the Rocky Mount property, partially offset by $32 million of other fire related costs, the CPSC civil penalty of $16 million and $13 million of restructuring costs related to workforce reduction. QVC recorded gains of $137 million and $39 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, in restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries. For the three months ended September 30, 2022, the gain primarily related to insurance proceeds received for inventory and fixed asset losses. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the gain primarily related to insurance proceeds received for inventory and fixed asset losses partially offset by write-downs on Rocky Mount inventory. Fire related costs, net includes expenses directly related to the Rocky Mount fulfillment center fire net of expected and received insurance recoveries and gain on the sale of the Rocky Mount property. Expenses indirectly related to the Rocky Mount fulfillment center fire, including operational inefficiencies, are primarily included in Cost of goods sold.

Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions
There were no gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions recorded by QVC for the three months ended September 30, 2023. QVC recorded $119 million of gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 primarily related to the sale leaseback of two properties located in Germany and the U.K. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, QVC recorded $277 million and $520 million of gains on sale leaseback transactions. For the three months ended September 30, 2022, the gain related to the sale leaseback of five owned and operated U.S. properties. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the gain was primarily related to the sale leaseback of six owned and operated U.S. properties.

Impairment losses
There were no impairment losses recorded by QVC for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023. QVC recorded impairment losses of $2,600 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, related to the decrease in the fair value of the HSN indefinite-lived tradename and the QxH reporting unit as a result of the quantitative assessments that were performed by the Company (refer to note 3 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements).
Stock-based compensation
Stock-based compensation includes compensation related to options and restricted stock units granted to certain officers and employees. QVC recorded $7 million and $27 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and recorded $9 million and $27 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.
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Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation and amortization consisted of the following:
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Customer relationships12 12 35 35 
Other technology11 11 
Acquisition related amortization15 15 46 46 
Property and equipment23 21 68 88 
Software amortization36 29 93 83 
Channel placement amortization and related expenses24 29 74 88 
Total depreciation and amortization$98 94 281 305 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 property and equipment depreciation decreased primarily due to assets disposed of related to the six owned and operated U.S. properties sold and leased back during 2022 and the Germany and U.K properties sold and leased back during the first quarter of 2023. The decrease in channel placement amortization and related expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily due to adjustments recognized related to lower subscriber counts and a reduction in channel placement assets due to reduced contract terms. The increase in software amortization for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 is due to software additions including an enhancement to QVC's Enterprise Resource Planning system that was placed into service in the second quarter of 2023.
Interest expense, net
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, consolidated interest expense, net increased $13 million and decreased $8 million, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The increase in interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily due to higher outstanding debt and a higher interest rate on the senior secured credit facility. The decrease in interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is primarily due to the reversal of interest expense accrued in prior periods related to the settlement of state income tax reserves during the current period, partially offset by higher interest expense as a result of higher outstanding debt and a higher interest rate on the senior secured credit facility.
Foreign currency gain (loss)
Certain loans between QVC and its subsidiaries are deemed to be short-term in nature, and accordingly, the translation of these loans is recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, the change in foreign currency gain (loss) was also due to variances in interest and operating payables balances between QVC and its international subsidiaries denominated in the currency of the subsidiary and the effects of currency exchange rate changes on those balances.
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt
For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded a gain on extinguishment of debt of $10 million related to the repurchase of the 4.85% and 4.45% senior secured notes. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $6 million related to the repayment of $536 million of the 4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023.
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Income taxes
Our effective tax rate was 35.1% and 29.0% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, compared to an effective tax rate of (4.8)% and (15.5)% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. The 2023 rate differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 21% primarily due to state and foreign tax expense and permanent items. The 2023 effective tax rate has increased from the prior year for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 primarily due to the 2022 goodwill impairment loss of $2,420 million that is not deductible for tax purposes. Excluding the goodwill impairment loss, the effective tax rate would have been 32.9% and 31.5% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2023, the effective tax rate has increased from the prior year rate, excluding the goodwill impairment loss, primarily due to permanent items including a civil penalty that is not deductible for tax purposes and foreign taxes which were impacted by the relative decrease in pretax income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the effective tax rate has decreased from the prior year rate, excluding the goodwill impairment loss, primarily due to the reversal of tax expense accrued in prior periods related to the settlement of state income tax reserves.

Adjusted Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization (Adjusted OIBDA)
To provide investors with additional information regarding our financial statements, we disclose Adjusted OIBDA (defined below), which is a non-U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") measure. QVC defines Adjusted OIBDA as operating income plus depreciation and amortization, impairment losses, stock-based compensation and excluding restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries (including Rocky Mount inventory losses) and gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions. QVC's chief operating decision maker and management team use this measure of performance in conjunction with other measures to evaluate the businesses and make decisions about allocating resources among the businesses. QVC believes that this is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of the segments by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each segment's performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows QVC to view operating results, perform analytical comparisons and perform benchmarking among its businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
The primary material limitations associated with the use of Adjusted OIBDA as compared to U.S. GAAP results are (i) it may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies in the industry, and (ii) it excludes financial information that some may consider important in evaluating QVC's performance. QVC compensates for these limitations by providing disclosure of the difference between Adjusted OIBDA and U.S. GAAP results, including providing a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to U.S. GAAP results, to enable investors to perform their own analysis of QVC's operating results. The following table provides a reconciliation of operating income to Adjusted OIBDA.

Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Operating income (loss)$154 (2,084)758 (1,512)
     Depreciation and amortization98 94 281 305 
Impairment losses— 2,600 — 2,600 
     Stock-based compensation27 27 
Restructuring, penalties and fire related costs, net of recoveries (including Rocky Mount inventory losses) (see note 10)
19 (137)(196)(39)
Gains on sale of intangible asset and sale leaseback transactions— (277)(119)(520)
Adjusted OIBDA$278 205 751 861 

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QVC Adjusted OIBDA increased by $73 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022. The increase is comprised of a $58 million increase in QxH and a $15 million increase in QVC-International.
QVC Adjusted OIBDA decreased by $110 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease is comprised of a $75 million decrease in QxH and a $35 million decrease in QVC-International.
Seasonality
QVC's business is seasonal due to a higher volume of sales in the fourth calendar quarter related to year-end holiday shopping. In recent years, QVC has earned, on average, between 21% and 24% of its revenue in each of the first three quarters of the year and between 30% and 32% of its revenue in the fourth quarter of the year.
Financial Position, Liquidity and Capital Resources
General
Historically, QVC's primary sources of cash have been cash provided by operating activities and borrowings. In general, QVC uses this cash to fund its operations, make capital purchases, make dividend and tax sharing payments to Qurate Retail, make interest payments and repay borrowings.
As of September 30, 2023, substantially all of QVC's cash and cash equivalents were invested in AAA rated money market funds and time deposits with banks rated equal to or above A.
Senior Secured Notes
All of QVC's senior secured notes are secured by the capital stock of QVC and have equal priority to the senior secured credit facility. The interest on QVC's senior secured notes is payable semi-annually with the exception of the 6.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2067 (the "2067 Notes") and the 6.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2068 (the "2068 Notes"), which are payable quarterly. The remaining outstanding 4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023 were repaid at maturity in March 2023.
During the second quarter of 2023, QVC purchased $177 million of the outstanding 4.85% Senior Secured Notes due 2024 (the "2024 Notes") and $15 million of the outstanding 4.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2025. As a result of the repurchases, the Company recorded a gain on extinguishment of debt in the condensed consolidated statements of operations of $10 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. As of September 30, 2023, the remaining outstanding 2024 Notes are classified within the current portion of long term debt as they mature in less than one year.
The senior secured notes contains certain covenants, including certain restrictions on QVC and its restricted subsidiaries (subject to certain exceptions), with respect to, among other things: incurring additional indebtedness; creating liens on property or assets; making certain loans or investments; selling or disposing of assets; paying certain dividends and other restricted payments; consolidating or merging; entering into certain transactions with affiliates; entering into sale or leaseback transactions; and restricting subsidiary distributions.
The senior secured notes permit QVC to make unlimited dividends or other restricted payments so long as QVC is not in default under the indentures governing the senior secured notes and QVC’s consolidated leverage ratio is not greater than 3.5 to 1.0 (the “senior secured notes leverage basket”). As of September 30, 2023, QVC’s consolidated leverage ratio (as calculated under QVC’s senior secured notes) was greater than 3.5 to 1.0 and as a result QVC is restricted in its ability to make dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes. Although QVC will not be able to make unlimited dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes leverage basket, QVC will continue to be permitted to make unlimited dividends to parent entities of QVC to service the principal and interest when due in respect of indebtedness of such parent entities (so long as there is no default under the indentures governing QVC’s senior secured notes) and permitted to make certain restricted payments to Qurate Retail under an intercompany tax sharing agreement in respect of certain tax obligations of QVC and its subsidiaries.
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Senior Secured Credit Facility
On October 27, 2021, QVC entered into the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement") with Zulily, CBI, and QVC Global, each a direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, as borrowers (collectively, the “Borrowers”). The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement is a multi-currency facility providing for a $3.25 billion revolving credit facility, with a $450 million sub-limit for letters of credit and an alternative currency revolving sub-limit equal to 50% of the revolving commitments thereunder. The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement may be borrowed by any Borrower, with each Borrower jointly and severally liable for the outstanding borrowings. Borrowings bear interest at either the alternate base rate (“ABR Rate”) or a LIBOR-based rate (or the applicable non-U.S. Dollar equivalent rate) (“Term Benchmark/RFR Rate”) at the applicable Borrower’s election in each case plus a margin. Borrowings that are ABR Rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the base rate plus a margin that varies between 0.25% and 0.625% depending on the Borrowers’ combined ratio of consolidated total debt to consolidated EBITDA (the “consolidated leverage ratio”). Borrowings that are Term Benchmark/RFR Rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable rate plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.625% depending on the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio. Each loan may be prepaid at any time and from time to time without penalty other than customary breakage costs. No mandatory prepayments will be required other than when borrowings and letter of credit usage exceed availability; provided that, if Zulily, CBI, QVC Global or any other borrower (other than QVC) is removed, at the election of QVC, as a borrower thereunder, all of its loans must be repaid and its letters of credit are terminated or cash collateralized. Any amounts prepaid may be reborrowed. The facility matures on October 27, 2026. Payment of loans may be accelerated following certain customary events of default. In connection with Qurate Retail's divestiture of Zulily (see note 1), Zulily is no longer a co-borrower in the Credit Facility, and Zulily repaid its outstanding borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement using cash contributed from Qurate Retail.
On June 20, 2023, QVC, QVC Global and CBI, as borrowers, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other parties thereto entered into an agreement whereby, in accordance with the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, LIBOR-based rate loans denominated in U.S. dollars made on or after June 30, 2023 would be replaced with Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR")-based rate loans. Borrowings that are SOFR-based loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable SOFR rate, plus a credit spread adjustment, plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.625% depending on the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio.
Availability under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at September 30, 2023 was $2.15 billion. The interest rate on the senior secured credit facility was 6.8% and 4.5% at September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
The payment and performance of the Borrowers’ obligations under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are guaranteed by each of QVC’s, QVC Global’s and CBI’s Material Domestic Subsidiaries (as defined in the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement), if any, and certain other subsidiaries of any Borrower that such Borrower has chosen to provide guarantees. Further, the borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are secured, pari passu with QVC’s existing notes, by a pledge of all of QVC’s equity interests. The borrowings under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are also secured by a pledge of all of CBI’s equity interests.
The Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including certain restrictions on the Borrowers and each of their respective restricted subsidiaries (subject to certain exceptions) with respect to, among other things: incurring additional indebtedness; creating liens on property or assets; making certain loans or investments; selling or disposing of assets; paying certain dividends and other restricted payments; dissolving, consolidating or merging; entering into certain transactions with affiliates; entering into sale or leaseback transactions; restricting subsidiary distributions; and limiting the Borrowers’ consolidated leverage ratio.
Parent Issuer and Subsidiary Guarantor Summarized Financial Information
The following information contains the summarized financial information for the combined parent (QVC, Inc.) and subsidiary guarantors (Affiliate Relations Holdings, Inc.; Affiliate Investment, Inc.; AMI 2, Inc.; ER Marks, Inc.; QVC Global Corporate Holdings, LLC; QVC GCH Company, LLC; QVC Rocky Mount, Inc.; QVC San Antonio, LLC; QVC Global Holdings I, Inc.; HSN, Inc; HSNi, LLC; HSN Holding LLC; AST Sub, Inc.; Home Shopping Network En Espanol, L.P.; Home Shopping Network En Espanol, L.L.C; Ingenious Designs LLC; NLG Merger Corp.; Ventana Television, Inc.; and Ventana Television Holdings, Inc.) pursuant to Rules 3-10, 13-01 and 13-02 of Regulation S-X.

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This consolidated summarized financial information has been prepared from the Company's financial information on the same basis of accounting as the Company's consolidated financial statements. Transactions between the parent and subsidiary guarantors presented on a combined basis have been eliminated. The principal elimination entries relate to investments in subsidiaries and intercompany balances and transactions, such as management fees, royalty revenue and expense, interest income and expense and gains on intercompany asset transfers. Goodwill and other intangible assets have been allocated to the subsidiaries based on management’s estimates. Certain costs have been partially allocated to all of the subsidiaries of the Company.

The subsidiary guarantors are 100% owned by the Company. All guarantees are full and unconditional and are joint and several. There are no significant restrictions on the ability of the Company to obtain funds from its U.S. subsidiaries, including the guarantors, by dividend or loan.

Summarized financial information for the year-to-date interim period and the most recent annual period was as follows:

Combined Parent-QVC, Inc. and Subsidiary Guarantors
September 30, 2023
Current assets$1,633 
Intercompany payable to non-guarantor subsidiaries(2,710)
Note receivable - related party1,740 
Noncurrent assets6,257 
Current liabilities1,449 
Noncurrent liabilities4,944 

Combined Parent-QVC, Inc. and Subsidiary Guarantors
December 31, 2022
Current assets$2,086 
Intercompany payable to non-guarantor subsidiaries(2,746)
Note receivable - related party1,740 
Noncurrent assets6,316 
Current liabilities1,495 
Noncurrent liabilities5,612 

Combined Parent-QVC, Inc. and Subsidiary Guarantors
Nine months ended September 30, 2023
Net revenue$5,289 
Net revenue less cost of goods sold2,215 
Income before taxes417 
Net income424 
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. Stockholder386 

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Combined Parent-QVC, Inc. and Subsidiary Guarantors
Year ended
December 31, 2022
Net revenue$8,043 
Net revenue less cost of goods sold3,030 
Loss before taxes(2,018)
Net loss(1,810)
Net loss attributable to QVC, Inc. Stockholder(1,867)
Other Debt Related Information
QVC was in compliance with all of its debt covenants as of September 30, 2023.
There are no restrictions under the debt agreements on QVC’s ability to pay dividends or make other restricted payments if QVC is not in default on its senior secured notes or the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement and (i) with respect to QVC’s senior secured notes, QVC’s consolidated leverage ratio would be no greater than 3.5 to 1.0 and (ii) with respect to the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, the consolidated net leverage basket for QVC, QVC Global and CBI, would be no greater than 4.0 to 1.0. As of September 30, 2023, QVC’s consolidated leverage ratio (as calculated under QVC’s senior secured notes) was greater than 3.5 to 1.0 and as a result QVC is restricted in its ability to make dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes. Although QVC will not be able to make unlimited dividends or other restricted payments under the senior secured notes leverage basket, QVC will continue to be permitted to make unlimited dividends under the senior secured notes to parent entities of QVC to service the principal and interest when due in respect of indebtedness of such parent entities (so long as there is no default under the indentures governing QVC’s senior secured notes) and permitted to make certain restricted payments to Qurate Retail under an intercompany tax sharing agreement in respect of certain tax obligations of QVC and its subsidiaries.
QVC’s debt credit ratings were downgraded during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 as follows: (i) Fitch Ratings downgraded QVC’s long-term issuer default ratings from “BB-” to “B” and QVC’s senior secured rating from “BB+” to “B+”; (ii) S&P Global downgraded QVC’s senior secured rating from “B+” to “B-”; and (iii) Moody’s downgraded QVC’s senior secured debt ratings from “Ba3” to “B2”.
Additional Cash Flow Information
During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, QVC's primary uses of cash were $1,086 million of principal payments of the senior secured credit facility and finance lease obligations, $396 million of principal repayment of senior secured notes, $344 million of dividends to Qurate Retail, $227 million of capital and television distribution rights expenditures and $35 million in dividend payments from QVC-Japan to Mitsui. These uses of cash were funded primarily with $1,022 million of principal borrowings from the senior secured credit facility, $764 million of cash provided by operating activities, $202 million in proceeds from sale of fixed assets and $54 million of insurance proceeds for fixed asset loss. As of September 30, 2023, QVC's cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance was $292 million.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, QVC's primary uses of cash were $1,942 million of principal payments of the senior secured credit facility and finance lease obligations, $536 million of principal repayment of senior secured notes, $171 million of capital and television distribution rights expenditures, $162 million of dividends to Qurate Retail and $39 million in dividend payments from QVC-Japan to Mitsui & Co., LTD ("Mitsui"). These uses of cash were funded primarily with $1,850 million of principal borrowings from the senior secured credit facility, $701 million in proceeds from sale of fixed assets, $184 million of insurance proceeds for fixed asset loss, and $177 million of cash provided by operating activities. As of September 30, 2022, QVC's cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash balance was $526 million.
The change in cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the previous year was primarily due to insurance proceeds received for operating expenses and business interruption losses related to the Rocky Mount insurance settlement and changes in working capital. Working capital at any specific point in time is subject to many variables, including seasonality, inventory management, the timing of cash receipts and payments, vendor payment terms and fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.

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As of September 30, 2023, $165 million of the $292 million in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash was held by foreign subsidiaries. Cash in foreign subsidiaries is available for domestic purposes with no significant tax consequences upon repatriation to the U.S. QVC accrues taxes on the unremitted earnings of its international subsidiaries. Approximately 75% of this foreign cash balance was that of QVC-Japan. QVC owns 60% of QVC-Japan and shares all profits and losses with the 40% minority interest holder, Mitsui. We believe that we currently have appropriate legal structures in place to repatriate foreign cash as tax efficiently as possible and meet the business needs of QVC.
Other
QVC’s material cash requirements for 2023, outside of normal operating expenses, include the costs to service outstanding debt, expenditures for affiliation agreements with television providers, and capital expenditures. Capital expenditures are expected to be between $185 and $215 million, including $116 million already expended for the nine months ended September 30, 2023. The Company also may make dividend payments to Qurate Retail. Refer to the off-balance sheet arrangements and aggregate contractual obligations table below for a summary of other material cash requirements as of September 30, 2023. The Company expects that cash on hand and cash provided by operating activities in future periods and outstanding borrowing capacity will be sufficient to fund projected uses of cash.
The Company may from time to time repurchase any level of its outstanding debt through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions, redemptions, tender offers or otherwise. Repurchases or retirement of debt, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.
QVC has contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Although it is reasonably possible QVC may incur losses upon the conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that amounts, if any, that may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Off-balance Sheet Arrangements and Aggregate Contractual Obligations
Information concerning the amount and timing of cash requirements, both accrued and off-balance sheet, under our contractual obligations as of September 30, 2023 is summarized below:
Payments due by period
(in millions)Remainder of 20232024202520262027ThereafterTotal
Long-term debt (1)$— 423 586 995 575 1,925 4,504 
Interest payments (2)41 245 221 196 121 2,302 3,126 
Finance lease obligations (including imputed interest)