Company Quick10K Filing
Rave Restaurant Group
Price2.83 EPS-0
Shares16 P/E-73
MCap45 P/FCF113
Net Debt-2 EBIT-1
TEV43 TEV/EBIT-79
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-29 Filed 2020-06-29
10-Q 2019-12-29 Filed 2020-02-12
10-Q 2019-09-29 Filed 2019-11-13
10-K 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-03-24 Filed 2019-05-08
10-Q 2018-12-23 Filed 2019-02-06
10-Q 2018-09-23 Filed 2018-11-07
10-Q 2018-09-23 Filed 2018-11-06
10-K 2018-06-24 Filed 2018-09-24
10-Q 2018-03-25 Filed 2018-05-09
10-Q 2017-12-24 Filed 2018-02-06
10-Q 2017-09-24 Filed 2017-11-08
10-K 2017-06-25 Filed 2017-09-25
10-Q 2017-03-26 Filed 2017-05-10
10-Q 2016-12-25 Filed 2017-02-08
10-Q 2016-09-25 Filed 2016-11-09
10-K 2016-06-26 Filed 2016-09-23
10-Q 2016-03-27 Filed 2016-05-11
10-Q 2015-12-27 Filed 2016-02-10
10-Q 2015-09-27 Filed 2015-11-12
10-K 2015-06-28 Filed 2015-09-24
10-Q 2015-03-29 Filed 2015-05-13
10-Q 2014-12-28 Filed 2015-02-11
10-Q 2014-09-28 Filed 2014-11-12
10-K 2014-06-29 Filed 2014-09-23
10-Q 2014-03-30 Filed 2014-05-14
10-Q 2013-12-29 Filed 2014-02-12
10-Q 2013-09-29 Filed 2013-11-12
10-K 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-09-26
10-Q 2013-03-24 Filed 2013-05-08
10-Q 2012-12-23 Filed 2013-02-06
10-Q 2012-09-23 Filed 2012-11-07
10-K 2012-06-24 Filed 2012-09-24
10-Q 2012-03-25 Filed 2012-05-09
10-Q 2011-12-25 Filed 2012-02-08
10-Q 2011-09-25 Filed 2011-11-09
10-K 2011-06-26 Filed 2011-09-14
10-Q 2011-03-27 Filed 2011-05-10
10-Q 2010-12-26 Filed 2011-02-09
10-Q 2010-09-26 Filed 2010-11-09
10-K 2010-06-27 Filed 2010-09-16
10-Q 2010-03-28 Filed 2010-05-10
10-Q 2009-12-27 Filed 2010-02-09
8-K 2020-07-14 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2020-07-08
8-K 2020-06-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-06-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2020-05-08
8-K 2020-04-13
8-K 2020-03-13
8-K 2020-03-12
8-K 2020-03-09
8-K 2020-02-12
8-K 2019-12-16
8-K 2019-12-10
8-K 2019-11-13
8-K 2019-11-09
8-K 2019-10-18
8-K 2019-09-30
8-K 2019-07-10
8-K 2019-06-13
8-K 2019-06-01
8-K 2019-05-24
8-K 2019-05-08
8-K 2019-04-05
8-K 2019-02-11
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2018-12-07
8-K 2018-09-24
8-K 2018-09-23
8-K 2018-09-18
8-K 2018-07-31
8-K 2018-06-14
8-K 2018-05-09
8-K 2018-03-01
8-K 2018-02-06
8-K 2018-02-06

RAVE 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and The Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 ex31_1.htm
EX-31.2 ex31_2.htm
EX-32.1 ex32_1.htm
EX-32.2 ex32_2.htm

Rave Restaurant Group Earnings 2020-03-29

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 form10q.htm 10-Q
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)


Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 29, 2020
 
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Commission File Number: 0-12919

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Missouri
 
45-3189287
(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

3551 Plano Parkway
The Colony, Texas 75056
(Address of principal executive offices)

(469) 384-5000
(Registrant's telephone number,
including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
RAVE
Nasdaq Capital Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☑ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 
Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☑
Smaller reporting company ☑
 
Emerging growth company ☐
     

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☑

As of June 29, 2020, 15,463,022 shares of the issuer’s common stock were outstanding.



RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.

Index

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
       
Item 1.
 
Financial Statements
Page
       
   
3
       
   
4
       

 
5
       
   
6
       
   
7
       
Item 2.
 
19
       
Item 3.
 
32
       
Item 4.
 
32
       
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
       
Item 1.
 
33
       
Item 1A.
 
33
       
Item 2.
 
33
       
Item 3.
 
33
       
Item 4.
 
33
       
Item 5.
 
33
       
Item 6.
 
34
       
 
35
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
                         
REVENUES:
 
$
2,705
   
$
3,070
   
$
8,411
   
$
9,256
 
                                 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
                               
Cost of sales
   
104
     
382
     
353
     
715
 
General and administrative expenses
   
1,655
     
1,569
     
4,583
     
4,623
 
Franchise expenses
   
860
     
888
     
2,564
     
2,841
 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets
   
18
     
104
     
7
     
(250
)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other lease charges
   
495
     
219
     
836
     
389
 
Bad debt
   
11
     
16
     
39
     
211
 
Interest expense
   
24
     
26
     
75
     
77
 
Depreciation and amortization expense
   
45
     
120
     
141
     
385
 
Total costs and expenses
   
3,212
     
3,324
     
8,598
     
8,991
 
                                 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE TAXES
   
(507
)
   
(254
)
   
(187
)
   
265
 
Income tax expense
   
4,008
     
9
     
4,077
     
188
 
NET INCOME (LOSS)
   
(4,515
)
   
(263
)
   
(4,264
)
   
77
 
                                 
INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK - BASIC:
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.28
)
 
$
0.01
 
                                 
INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK - DILUTED:
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.28
)
 
$
0.01
 
                                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic
   
15,133
     
15,071
     
15,123
     
15,069
 
                                 
Weighted average common and potential dilutive common shares outstanding
   
15,133
     
15,071
     
15,123
     
15,902
 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

   
March 29,
2020
   
June 30,
2019
 
             
ASSETS
           
             
CURRENT ASSETS
           
Cash and cash equivalentsa
 
$
1,535
   
$
2,264
 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for bad debts of $254 and $209, respectively
   
1,214
     
1,191
 
Notes receivable, less allowance for bad debt of $916 and $916, respectively
   
802
     
389
 
Inventories
   
-
     
7
 
Income tax receivable
   
4
     
4
 
Property held for sale
   
-
     
231
 
Deferred contract charges
   
44
     
38
 
Prepaid expenses and other
   
413
     
346
 
Total current assets
   
4,012
     
4,470
 
                 
LONG-TERM ASSETS
               
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
399
     
500
 
Operating lease right of use asset, net
   
3,712
     
-
 
Intangible assets definite-lived, net
   
164
     
196
 
Long-term notes receivable
   
200
     
735
 
Deferred tax asset, net
   
-
     
4,060
 
Long-term deferred contract charges
   
241
     
232
 
Deposits and other
   
240
     
233
 
Total assets
 
$
8,968
   
$
10,426
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Accounts payable - trade
 
$
299
   
$
400
 
Accounts payable - lease termination impairments
   
376
     
832
 
Accrued expenses
   
1,154
     
834
 
Deferred rent
   
-
     
37
 
Operating lease liability, current
   
620
     
-
 
Deferred revenues
   
154
     
275
 
Total current liabilities
   
2,603
     
2,378
 
                 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
               
Convertible notes
   
1,542
     
1,584
 
Deferred rent, net of current portion
   
-
     
397
 
Operating lease liability, net of current portion
   
3,635
     
-
 
Deferred revenues, net of current portion
   
996
     
1,561
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
51
     
72
 
Total liabilities
   
8,827
     
5,992
 
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (SEE NOTE 5)
               
                 
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized 26,000,000 shares; issued 22,231,014 and 22,208,141 shares, respectively; outstanding 15,145,860 and 15,090,837 shares, respectively
   
222
     
222
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
33,203
     
33,327
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(8,747
)
   
(4,483
)
Treasury stock at cost
               
Shares in treasury: 7,085,154 and 7,117,304, respectively
   
(24,537
)
   
(24,632
)
Total shareholders' equity
   
141
     
4,434
 
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
 
$
8,968
   
$
10,426
 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statement.

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Accumulated
Deficit
   
Treasury Stock
     
Total
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
           
Shares
   
Amount
     
                                           
Balance, June 24, 2018
   
22,167
   
$
222
   
$
33,206
   
$
(2,493
)
   
(7,119
)
 
$
(24,636
)
 
$
6,299
 
                                                         
ASC 606 cumulative adjustment
                           
(1,622
)
                   
(1,622
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
101
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
101
 
Issuance of common stock
   
24
     
-
     
36
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
36
 
Net income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
108
             
-
     
108
 
Balance, September 23, 2018
   
22,191
   
$
222
   
$
33,343
   
$
(4,007
)
   
(7,119
)
 
$
(24,636
)
 
$
4,922
 
                                                         
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
180
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
180
 
Equity issue cost - ATM Offering
   
-
     
-
     
(3
)
                           
(3
)
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
232
             
-
     
232
 
Balance, December 23, 2018
   
22,191
     
222
   
$
33,520
   
$
(3,775
)
   
(7,119
)
 
$
(24,636
)
 
$
5,331
 
                                                         
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
129
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
129
 
Equity issue cost - ATM Offering
   
-
     
-
     
(1
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(1
)
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(263
)
   
-
     
-
     
(263
)
Balance, March 24, 2019
   
22,191
     
222
   
$
33,648
   
$
(4,038
)
   
(7,119
)
 
$
(24,636
)
 
$
5,196
 

   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Accumulated
Deficit
   
Treasury Stock
     
Total
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
           
Shares
   
Amount
     
                                           
Balance, June 30, 2019
   
22,208
   
$
222
   
$
33,327
   
$
(4,483
)
   
(7,117
)
 
$
(24,632
)
 
$
4,434
 
                                                         
Conversion of senior notes, net
   
-
     
-
     
(31
)
   
-
     
32
     
95
     
64
 
Equity issue costs - ATM Offering
   
-
     
-
     
(2
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(2
)
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
237
     
-
     
-
     
237
 
Balance, September 29, 2019
   
22,208
   
$
222
   
$
33,294
   
$
(4,246
)
   
(7,085
)
 
$
(24,537
)
 
$
4,733
 
                                                         
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
(85
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(85
)
Issuance of common stock
   
9
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Equity issue costs - ATM Offering
   
-
     
-
     
1
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1
 
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
14
     
-
     
-
     
14
 
Balance, December 29, 2019
   
22,217
   
$
222
   
$
33,210
   
$
(4,232
)
   
(7,085
)
 
$
(24,537
)
 
$
4,663
 
                                                         
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
(19
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(19
)
Issuance of common stock
   
14
     
-
     
14
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
14
 
Equity issue costs - ATM Offering
   
-
     
-
     
(2
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(2
)
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(4,515
)
   
-
     
-
     
(4,515
)
Balance, March 29, 2020
   
22,231
   
$
222
   
$
33,203
   
$
(8,747
)
   
(7,085
)
 
$
(24,537
)
 
$
141
 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
             
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net income (loss)
 
$
(4,264
)
 
$
77
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
               
Impairment of fixed assets and other assets
   
836
     
389
 
Stock compensation expense
   
(104
)
   
410
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
109
     
353
 
Amortization of operating lease asset
   
(396
)
   
-
 
Amortization of intangible assets definite-lived
   
32
     
32
 
Amortization of debt issue costs
   
22
     
19
 
Gain on the sale of assets
   
7
     
(250
)
Provision for bad debt
   
39
     
25
 
Provision for bad debt (notes receivable)
   
-
     
186
 
Deferred income tax
   
4,060
     
151
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
(62
)
   
202
 
Operating notes receivable
   
14
     
-
 
Inventories
   
7
     
(10
)
Prepaid expenses, deposits and other, net
   
(74
)
   
(201
)
Deferred revenue
   
(661
)
   
(758
)
Accounts payable - trade
   
(101
)
   
(19
)
Accounts payable - lease termination impairments
   
(972
)
   
(64
)
Operating lease liability
   
380
     
-
 
Accrued expenses, deferred rent and other
   
325
     
(121
)
Cash (used in) provided by operating activities
   
(803
)
   
421
 
                 
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Payments received on notes receivable from fixed asset sales
   
117
     
-
 
Proceeds from sale of assets
   
-
     
169
 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
   
(53
)
   
(76
)
Cash provided by investing activities
   
64
     
93
 
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from sale of stock
   
14
     
36
 
Equity issuance costs
   
(4
)
   
(4
)
Cash provided by financing activities
   
10
     
32
 
                 
Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
(729
)
   
546
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
2,264
     
1,386
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
1,535
   
$
1,932
 
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
               
                 
CASH PAID FOR:
               
Interest
 
$
66
   
$
71
 
Income taxes
 
$
18
   
$
145
 
                 
Non-cash activities:
               
Conversion of notes to common shares
 
$
64
   
$
-
 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Rave Restaurant Group, Inc. (the "Company") have been prepared without audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to fairly present the Company's financial position and results of operations for the interim periods reflected. Except as noted, all adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Results of operations for the fiscal periods presented are not necessarily indicative of fiscal year-end results.

(1)
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned. All appropriate intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Fiscal Quarters
The three and nine month periods ended March 29, 2020 and March 24, 2019 each contained 13 weeks and 39 weeks, respectively.

Use of Management Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect its reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosure of contingent liabilities. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and other various assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically, and actual results could differ materially from estimates.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in contracts with customers and excludes incentives and amounts collected on behalf of third parties, primarily sales tax. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer. Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction, that are collected by the Company from a customer, are excluded from revenue.

The following describes principal activities, separated by major product or service, from which the Company generates its revenues:

Restaurant Sales

Revenue from restaurant sales is recognized when food and beverage products are sold in Company-owned restaurants. The Company reports revenue net of sales taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental taxing authorities.

Franchise Revenues

Franchise revenues consist of 1) franchise royalties, 2) supplier and distributor incentive revenues, 3) franchise license fees, 4) area development exclusivity fees and foreign master license fees, 5) advertising funds, and 6) supplier convention funds.

Franchise royalties, which are based on a percentage of franchise restaurant sales, are recognized as sales occur.

Supplier and distributor incentive revenues are recognized when title to the underlying commodities transfer.

Franchise license fees are typically billed upon execution of the franchise agreement and amortized over the term of the franchise agreement which can range from five to 20 years. Fees received for renewal periods are amortized over the life of the renewal period.

Area development exclusivity fees and foreign master license fees are typically billed upon execution of the area development and foreign master license agreements. Area development exclusivity fees are included in deferred revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and allocated on a pro rata basis to all stores opened under that specific development agreement. Area development exclusivity fees that include rights to subfranchise are amortized as revenue over the term of the contract.

Advertising fund contributions for Pie Five units represent contributions collected where we have control over the activities of the fund. Contributions are based on a percentage of net retail sales. The adoption of Topic 606 revised the determination of whether these arrangements are considered principal versus agent. For Pie Five, we have determined that we are the principal in these arrangements, and advertising fund contributions and expenditures are, therefore, reported on a gross basis in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. In general, we expect such advertising fund contributions and expenditures to be largely offsetting and, therefore, do not expect a significant impact on our reported income before income taxes. Our obligation related to these funds is to develop and conduct advertising activities. Pie Five marketing fund contributions are billed and collected weekly.

Supplier convention funds are deferred until the obligations of the agreement are met and the event takes place.

Rental Income

The Company also subleases some of its restaurant space to third parties. The Company’s two subleases have terms that end in 2023 and 2025. The sublease agreements are noncancelable through the end of the term and both parties have substantive rights to terminate the lease when the term is complete. Sublease agreements are not capitalized and are recorded as rental income in the period that rent is received.

Total revenues consist of the following (in thousands):

   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
             
Restaurant sales
 
$
36
   
$
315
 
Franchise royalties
   
948
     
1,126
 
Supplier and distributor incentive revenues
   
1,085
     
1,070
 
Franchise license fees
   
175
     
316
 
Area development fees and foreign master license fees
   
4
     
7
 
Advertising funds
   
391
     
148
 
Supplier convention funds
   
-
     
79
 
Rental income
   
54
     
-
 
Other
   
12
     
9
 
   
$
2,705
   
$
3,070
 

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
             
Restaurant sales
 
$
240
   
$
534
 
Franchise royalties
   
3,084
     
3,610
 
Supplier and distributor incentive revenues
   
3,141
     
3,302
 
Franchise license fees
   
796
     
928
 
Area development fees and foreign master license fees
   
16
     
35
 
Advertising funds
   
675
     
514
 
Supplier convention funds
   
278
     
295
 
Rental income
   
144
     
-
 
Other
   
37
     
38
 
   
$
8,411
   
$
9,256
 

Stock-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for stock options using the fair value recognition provisions of the authoritative guidance on share-based payments. The Company uses the Black-Scholes formula to estimate the value of stock-based compensation for options granted to employees and directors and expects to continue to use this acceptable option valuation model in the future. The authoritative guidance also requires the benefits of tax deductions in excess of recognized compensation cost to be reported as a financing cash flow.

Compensation cost for restricted stock units (“RSU’s”) is measured as an amount equal to the fair value of the RSU’s on the date of grant and is expensed over the vesting period if achievement of the performance criteria is deemed probable, with the amount of the expense recognized based on the best estimate of the ultimate achievement level.

(2)
Adoption of ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 and Topic 606 using the modified retrospective transition method effective June 25, 2018. A cumulative effect adjustment of $1.6 million was recorded as a reduction to retained earnings as of June 25, 2018 to reflect the impact of adopting Topic 606.

The adoption of Topic 606 did not impact the recognition and reporting of our two largest sources of revenue: franchise royalties and supplier and distributor incentives. The items impacted by the adoption include the timing of franchise and development revenue recognition and the presentation of advertising funds and supplier convention contributions.

Cumulative adjustment from adoption

As noted above, an after-tax reduction of $1.6 million was recorded to retained earnings to reflect the cumulative impact of adopting Topic 606. This was comprised of $1.3 million related to domestic franchise and renewal fees, $0.2 million related to domestic area development fees and $0.3 million related to international development and franchise master license fees partially offset by $0.2 million in deferral of contract-related expenses.

(3)
Adoption of ASC 842, “Leases”

In February 2016, FASB issued Accounting Standards Codification 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) which requires an entity to recognize a right of use asset and lease liability for all leases. Classification of leases as either a finance or operating lease determines the recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses.

The new standard was effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and was adopted using a modified retrospective approach with the date of initial application on July 1, 2019. Consequently, upon transition, the Company recognized an operating lease right of use asset and an operating lease liability.

The Company applied the following practical expedients as provided in the standards update which provide elections to:

not apply the recognition requirements to short-term leases (a lease that at commencement date has a lease term of 12 months or less and does not contain a purchase option);

not reassess whether a contract contains a lease, lease classification and initial direct costs; and

not reassess certain land easements in existence prior to July 1, 2019.

Through the implementation process, the Company evaluated each of its lease arrangements and enhanced its systems to track and calculate additional information required upon adoption of this standards update. The adoption had an impact to the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of July 1, 2019 relating to the recognition of operating lease right of use assets and operating lease liabilities which represented approximately a 30% change to total assets and a 64% change to total liabilities. The impact of adoption of this new standards update is as follows (in thousands):

   
July 1,
 
   
2019
 
   
Adoption
   
Reclassification (1)
   
Total Adjustment
 
 Balance Sheet:
                 
 Operating lease right of use assets
 
$
3,428
   
$
434
   
$
3,862
 
 Operating lease liabilities - current
   
528
             
528
 
 Operating lease liabilities - long-term
   
3,347
             
3,347
 

(1) As of June 30, 2019, the Company had $132 thousand recorded within deferred rent for lease incentives incurred at the inception of the affected leases and $302 thousand in deferred rent tenant improvements. Upon adoption of the new standards update, these lease incentives were included within the lease liability.

Adoption of the new standard did not materially impact the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, Cash Flows or Shareholders’ Equity.

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the arrangement. To the extent that it can be determined that an arrangement represents a lease, it is classified as either an operating lease or a finance lease. The Company does not currently have any finance leases. The Company capitalizes operating leases on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets through a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability. Right of use assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Short-term leases that have an initial term of one year or less are not capitalized but are disclosed below. Short-term lease costs exclude expenses related to leases with a lease term of one month or less.

Operating lease right of use assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of an arrangement based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. In addition to the present value of lease payments, the operating lease right of use asset also includes any lease payments made to the lessor prior to lease commencement less any lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Nature of Leases

The Company leases certain office space, restaurant space, and information technology equipment under non-cancelable leases to support its operations. A more detailed description of significant lease types is included below.

Office Agreements

The Company rents office space from third parties for its corporate location. Office agreements are typically structured with non-cancelable terms of one to 10 years. The Company has concluded that its office agreements represent operating leases with a lease term that equals the primary non-cancelable contract term. Upon completion of the primary term, both parties have substantive rights to terminate the lease. As a result, enforceable rights and obligations do not exist under the rental agreements subsequent to the primary term.

10

Restaurant Space Agreements

The Company rents restaurant space from third parties for its Company-owned restaurants. Restaurant space agreements are typically structured with non-cancelable terms of one to 10 years. The Company has concluded that its restaurant agreements represent operating leases with a lease term that equals the primary non-cancelable contract term. Upon completion of the primary term, both parties have substantive rights to terminate the lease. As a result, enforceable rights and obligations do not exist under the rental agreements subsequent to the primary term.

The Company also subleases some of its restaurant space to third parties. The Company’s two subleases have terms that end in 2023 and 2025. The sublease agreements are noncancelable through the end of the term and both parties have substantive rights to terminate the lease when the term is complete. Sublease agreements are not capitalized and are recorded as rental income in the period that rent is received.

Information Technology Equipment

The Company rents information technology equipment, primarily printers and copiers, from a third party for its corporate office location. Information technology equipment agreements are typically structured with non-cancelable terms of one to five years. The Company has concluded that its information technology equipment commitments are operating leases.

Discount Rate

Leases typically do not provide an implicit rate. Accordingly, the Company is required to use incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments based on the information available at commencement date. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate reflects the estimated rate of interest that it would pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. The Company uses the implicit rate in the limited circumstances in which that rate is readily determinable.

Lease Guarantees

The Company has guaranteed the financial responsibilities of certain franchised store leases. These guaranteed leases are not considered operating leases because the Company does not have the right to control the underlying asset. If the franchisee abandons the lease and fails to meet the lease’s financial obligations, the lessor may assign the lease to the Company for the remainder of the term. If the Company does not expect to assign the abandoned lease to a new franchisee within 12 months, the lease will be considered an operating lease and a right-of-use asset and liability will be recognized.

Practical Expedients and Accounting Policy Elections

Certain lease agreements include lease and non-lease components. For all existing asset classes with multiple component types, the Company has utilized the practical expedient that exempts it from separating lease components from non-lease components. Accordingly, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components in an arrangement as a single lease component.

11

In addition, for all existing asset classes, the Company has made an accounting policy election not to apply the lease recognition requirements to short-term leases (that is, a lease that, at commencement, has a lease term of 12 months or less and does not include an option to purchase the underlying asset that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise). Accordingly, we recognize lease payments related to our short-term leases in our statement of operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term which has not changed from our prior recognition. To the extent that there are variable lease payments, we recognize those payments in our statement of operations in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred.

The components of total lease expense for the nine months ended March 29, 2020, the majority of which is included in general and administrative expense, are as follows (in thousands):

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
 
Operating lease cost
 
$
474
 
Sublease income
   
(143
)
Total lease expense, net of sublease income
 
$
331
 

Supplemental cash flow information related to operating leases is included in the table below (in thousands):

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
$
491
 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to operating leases is included in the table below (in thousands):

   
March 29,
2020
 
Operating lease right of use asset, net
 
$
3,712
 
Operating Lease liability - current
   
620
 
Operating lease liability - long-term
   
3,635
 

Weighted average remaining lease term and weighted average discount rate for operating leases are as follows:

   
March 29,
2020
 
Weighted average remaining lease term
 
5.5 Years
 
Weighted average discount rate
   
4.0
%

12

Operating lease liabilities with enforceable contract terms that are greater than one year mature as follows (in thousands):

   
Operating Leases
 
Remainder of fiscal year 2020
 
$
193
 
2021
   
785
 
2022
   
804
 
2023
   
813
 
2024
   
766
 
Thereafter
   
1,449
 
Total operating lease payments
 
$
4,810
 
Less: imputed interest
   
(555
)
Total operating lease liability
 
$
4,255
 

13

(4)
Stock Purchase Plan

On May 23, 2007, the Company’s board of directors approved a stock purchase plan (the “2007 Stock Purchase Plan”) authorizing the purchase of up to 1,016,000 shares of its common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. On June 2, 2008, the Company’s board of directors amended the 2007 Stock Purchase Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock the Company may repurchase by 1,000,000 shares to a total of 2,016,000 shares. On April 22, 2009 the Company’s board of directors amended the 2007 Stock Purchase Plan again to increase the number of shares of common stock the Company may repurchase by 1,000,000 shares to a total of 3,016,000 shares. The 2007 Stock Purchase Plan does not have an expiration date. There were no stock purchases in the fiscal quarters ended March 29, 2020 or March 24, 2019.

(5)
Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is subject to various claims and contingencies related to employment agreements, franchise disputes, lawsuits, taxes, food product purchase contracts and other matters arising out of the normal course of business. Management believes that any such claims and actions currently pending are either covered by insurance or would not have a material adverse effect on the Company's annual results of operations or financial condition if decided in a manner that is unfavorable to the Company.

(6)
Stock-Based Compensation

Stock Options:

For the fiscal quarters ended March 29, 2020 and March 24, 2019, the Company did not recognize any stock-based compensation expense related to stock options. As of March 29, 2020, there was no unamortized stock-based compensation expense related to stock options.

The following table summarizes the number of shares of the Company’s common stock subject to outstanding stock options:

   
Nine Months Ended
 
             
   
March 29, 2020
   
March 24, 2019
 
   
Shares
   
Shares
 
Outstanding at beginning of year
   
216,550
     
478,056
 
                 
Granted
   
-
     
-
 
Exercised
   
-
     
-
 
Forfeited/Canceled/Expired
   
-
     
(190,000
)
                 
Outstanding at end of period
   
216,550
     
288,056
 
                 
Exercisable at end of period
   
216,550
     
288,056
 

14

Restricted Stock Units:

For the three and nine months ended March 29, 2020, the Company had stock-based compensation credit of $19 thousand and $104 thousand, respectively, related to RSU’s. For the three and nine months ended March 24, 2019, the Company had stock-based compensation expense of $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively. As of March 29, 2020, unamortized stock-based compensation expense related to RSU’s was $9 thousand.

A summary of the status of restricted stock units as of March 29, 2020, and changes during the nine months then ended is presented below:

Number of Restricted Stock Units
 
       
Unvested at June 30, 2019
   
155,106
 
Granted
   
-
 
Vested
   
(9,053
)
Forfeited
   
(146,053
)
Unvested at March 29, 2020
   
-
 

15

(7)
Earnings per Share (EPS)

The following table shows the reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS calculation to the numerator and denominator of the diluted EPS calculation (in thousands, except per share amounts).

(In thousands, except per share amounts)
                       
   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders
 
$
(4,515
)
 
$
(263
)
 
$
(4,264
)
 
$
77
 
Interest saved on convertible notes at 4%
 
$
16
   
$
16
   
$
48
   
$
47
 
Adjusted net income (loss)
 
$
(4,499
)
 
$
(247
)
 
$
(4,216
)
 
$
124
 
                                 
BASIC:
                               
Weighted average common shares
   
15,133
     
15,071
     
15,123
     
15,069
 
                                 
Net income per common share
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.28
)
 
$
0.01
 
                                 
DILUTED:
                               
Weighted average common shares
   
15,133
     
15,071
     
15,123
     
15,069
 
Convertible notes
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
833
 
Dilutive stock options
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
   
15,133
     
15,071
     
15,123
     
15,902
 
                                 
Net income per common share
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.28
)
 
$
0.01
 

For the three and nine months ended March 29, 2020, options to purchase 216,550 shares of common stock at exercise prices from $2.71 to $13.11 were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

For the three and nine months ended March 24, 2019, options to purchase 288,056 shares of common stock at exercise prices ranging from $1.55 to $13.11 were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

(8)
Income Taxes

For the nine months ended March 29, 2020, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $4.1 million including federal deferred tax expense of $4.1 million and state deferred tax expense of $12 thousand and $11 thousand in current state taxes.

The Company continually reviews the realizability of its deferred tax assets, including an analysis of factors such as future taxable income, reversal of existing taxable temporary differences, and tax planning strategies. In assessing the need for the valuation allowance, the Company considers both positive and negative evidence related to the likelihood of realization of deferred tax assets. Future sources of taxable income are also considered in determining the amount of the recorded valuation allowance. For the quarter ending March 29, 2020, it was determined that the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets should be increased by $4.3 million resulting in a full valuation allowance.

As of March 29, 2020, the Company reflects $6.7 million of deferred tax assets and a valuation allowance of $6.7 million.  The Company will continue to review the need for future adjustments to the valuation allowance.

16

(9)
Segment Reporting

The Company has three reportable operating segments as determined by management using the “management approach” as defined by the authoritative guidance on Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information: (1) Pizza Inn Franchising, (2) Pie Five Franchising and (3) Company-Owned Restaurants. These segments are a result of differences in the nature of the products and services sold. Corporate administration costs, which include, but are not limited to, general accounting, human resources, legal and credit and collections, are partially allocated to the three operating segments. Other revenue consists of non-recurring items.

The Pizza Inn and Pie Five Franchising segments establish franchisees, licensees and territorial rights. Revenue for this segment is primarily derived from franchise royalties, franchise license fees, sale of area development and foreign master license rights, incentive payments from third party suppliers and distributors, advertising funds, and supplier convention funds. Assets for these segments include equipment, furniture and fixtures.

The Company-Owned Restaurant segment includes sales and operating results for all Company-owned restaurants. Assets for this segment include equipment, furniture and fixtures for the Company-owned restaurants.

Revenue for corporate administration and other consists of rental income and interest income.  Assets primarily include cash and short-term investments, as well as furniture and fixtures located at the corporate office and trademarks and other intangible assets. All assets are located within the United States.

Summarized in the following table are net sales and operating revenues, depreciation and amortization expense, and income before taxes, for the Company's reportable segments as of the three months and nine months ended March 29, 2020 and March 24, 2019 (in thousands):

17

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
Net sales and operating revenues:
                       
Pizza Inn Franchising
 
$
1,942
   
$
1,645
   
$
5,454
   
$
5,338
 
Pie Five Franchising
   
665
     
1,102
     
2,539
     
3,348
 
Company-Owned Restaurants
   
36
     
314
     
240
     
533
 
Corporate administration and other
   
62
     
9
     
178
     
37
 
Consolidated revenues
 
$
2,705
   
$
3,070
   
$
8,411
   
$
9,256
 
                                 
Depreciation and amortization:
                               
Pizza Inn Franchising
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Pie Five Franchising
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Company-Owned Restaurants
   
-
     
31
     
-
     
93
 
Combined
   
-
     
31
     
-
     
93
 
Corporate administration and other
   
45
     
89
     
141
     
292
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
$
45
   
$
120
   
$
141
   
$
385
 
                                 
Income before taxes:
                               
Pizza Inn Franchising
 
$
1,568
   
$
1,308
   
$
4,303
   
$
4,081
 
Pie Five Franchising
   
179
     
551
     
1,126
     
1,764
 
Company-Owned Restaurants
   
(446
)
   
(253
)
   
(885
)
   
(677
)
Combined
   
1,301
     
1,606
     
4,544
     
5,168
 
Corporate administration and other
   
(1,808
)
   
(1,860
)
   
(4,731
)
   
(4,903
)
Income before taxes
 
$
(507
)
 
$
(254
)
 
$
(187
)
 
$
265
 
                                 
Geographic information (revenues):
                               
United States
 
$
2,652
   
$
2,986
   
$
8,255
   
$
9,042
 
Foreign countries
   
53
     
84
     
156
     
214
 
Consolidated total
 
$
2,705
   
$
3,070
   
$
8,411
   
$
9,256
 

(10)
Subsequent Events

On April 13, 2020, the Company received the proceeds from a loan in the amount of $656,830 (the “PPP Loan”) from JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (the “Lender”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”).  The PPP Loan matures on April 10, 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 0.98% per annum. Commencing November 10, 2020, the Company is required to pay the Lender equal monthly payments of principal and interest as necessary to fully amortize by April 10, 2022 the principal amount outstanding on the PPP Loan as of October 10, 2020. The Company may prepay the PPP Loan at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. The PPP Loan is evidenced by a promissory note dated April 10, 2020, which contains various certifications and agreements related to the PPP, as well customary default and other provisions.

The PPP Loan is unsecured by the Company and is guaranteed by the SBA.  All or a portion of the PPP Loan may be forgiven by the SBA upon application by the Company accompanied by documentation of expenditures in accordance with SBA requirements under the PPP.  In the event all or any portion of the PPP Loan is forgiven, the amount forgiven will be applied to outstanding principal.

18

Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019 and may contain certain forward-looking statements that are based on current management expectations. Generally, verbs in the future tense and the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intends,” “opinion,” “potential” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this report include, without limitation, statements relating to our business objectives, our customers and franchisees, our liquidity and capital resources, and the impact of our historical and potential business strategies on our business, financial condition, and operating results. Our actual results could differ materially from our expectations. Further information concerning our business, including additional factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, are set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019. These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. The forward-looking statements contained herein speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and, except as may be required by applicable law, we do not undertake, and specifically disclaim any obligation to, publicly update or revise such statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.

Results of Operations
Overview

Rave Restaurant Group, Inc., through its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “we,” “us” or “our”) operates and franchises pizza buffet (“Buffet Units”), delivery/carry-out (“Delco Units”) and express (“Express Units”) restaurants under the trademark “Pizza Inn” and operates and franchises fast casual pizza restaurants (“Pie Five Units”) under the trademarks “Pie Five Pizza Company” or “Pie Five”. The Company also licenses Pizza Inn Express, or PIE, kiosks (“PIE Units”) under the trademark “Pizza Inn”. We facilitate food, equipment and supply distribution to our domestic and international system of restaurants through agreements with third party distributors. At March 29, 2020, Company-owned, franchised and licensed units consisted of the following:

Three Months Ended March 29, 2020
(in thousands, except unit data)
                                   
   
Pizza Inn
   
Pie Five
   
All Concepts
 
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
 
                                     
Domestic Franchised/Licensed
   
152
   
$
19,867
     
43
   
$
5,547
     
195
   
$
25,414
 
Company-Owned
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
36
     
-
     
36
 
Total Domestic Units
   
152
   
$
19,867
     
43
   
$
5,583
     
195
   
$
25,450
 
                                                 
International Franchised
   
37
             
-
             
37
         

Nine Months Ending March 29, 2020
(in thousands, except unit data)
                                   
   
Pizza Inn
   
Pie Five
   
All Concepts
 
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
   
Ending
Units
   
Retail
Sales
 
                                     
Domestic Franchised/Licensed
   
152
   
$
62,665
     
43
   
$
21,666
     
195
   
$
84,331
 
Company-Owned
                   
-
     
240
     
-
     
240
 
Total Domestic Units
   
152
   
$
62,665
     
43
   
$
21,906
     
195
   
$
84,571
 
                                                 
International Franchised
   
37
             
-
             
37
         

19

Domestic units are located in 22 states predominantly situated in the southern half of the United States. International units are located in seven foreign countries.

          Basic net loss increased $0.28 per share to $0.30 per share for the three months ended March 29, 2020, compared to basic net loss of $0.02 per share in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year. The Company had net loss of $4.5 million for the three months ended March 29, 2020 compared to net loss of $0.3 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year, on revenues of $2.7 million for the three months ended March 29, 2020 compared to $3.1 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year. The decline in revenue was primarily due to decreases in restaurant sales, franchise royalties and franchise license fees partially offset by an increase in advertising funds.  The increased net loss for the three months ended March 29, 2020, compared to the comparable period of the prior year was primarily the result of a $4.1 million addition to the reserve against net deferred tax assets.

Basic net income declined $0.29 per share for the nine months ended March 29, 2020, compared to the comparable period in the prior fiscal year. The Company had net loss of $4.3 million for the nine months ended March 29, 2020 compared to net income of $0.1 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year, on revenues of $8.4 million for the nine months ended March 29, 2019 compared to $9.3 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year. The decline in revenue was primarily due to decreases in restaurant sales, franchise royalties, supplier incentive revenues and franchise license fees partially offset by increases in advertising funds and rental income. The increased net loss for the nine months ended March 29, 2020, compared to the comparable period of the prior year was primarily the result of a $4.1 million addition to the reserve against net deferred tax assets taken during the latest fiscal quarter.

COVID-19 Pandemic

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) as a pandemic, and the disease has spread rapidly throughout the United States and the world.  Federal, state and local responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as our internal efforts to protect customers, franchisees and employees, have severely disrupted our business operations.  Most of the domestic Pizza Inn buffet restaurants and Pie Five restaurants are in areas that have been subject to “shelter-in-place” and social distancing restrictions prohibiting in-store sales and, therefore, have been limited to carry-out and/or delivery orders.  In some areas, these restrictions have also limited non-essential movement outside the home, which has discouraged or precluded even carry-out orders.  Further, the COVID-19 pandemic has precipitated significant job losses and a national economic downturn that typically impacts the demand for restaurant food service.  Although most of our domestic restaurants have continued to operate under these conditions, two domestic franchised Buffet Units and 11 domestic franchised Pie Five Units have closed at least temporarily since restrictions were announced. The closure of one Company-owned Pie Five restaurant in January 2020 was unrelated to the COVID-19 outbreak but the quick closure of a Pie Five Unit recently acquired from a franchisee was accelerated by the pandemic.

Due to the timing of events, the COVID-19 pandemic had only a moderate impact on our operations during the three and nine months ended March 29, 2020.  However, we expect a more significant adverse impact on our results of operations and liquidity during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and continuing into fiscal 2021.  Operational disruptions have resulted in dramatically reduced aggregate in-store retail sales at Buffet Units and Pie Five Units, modestly offset by increased aggregate carry-out and delivery sales.  The decreased aggregate retail sales have correspondingly decreased supplier rebates and franchise royalties payable to the Company.  Although we have furloughed certain employees, reduced base salary by 20% for all remaining employees and otherwise reduced expenses, future results of operations are likely to be materially adversely impacted.

As restrictions to in-store dining begin to be eased, we expect that Buffet Units and Pie Five Units will continue to be subject to capacity restrictions for some time as social distancing protocols remain in place. Additionally, an outbreak or perceived outbreak of COVID-19 connected to restaurant dining could cause negative publicity directed at any of our brands and cause customers to avoid our restaurants. We cannot predict how long the pandemic will last or whether it will reoccur, what additional restrictions may be enacted, to what extent off-premises dining will continue, or if individuals will be comfortable returning to our Buffet Units and Pie Five Units following social distancing protocols. Any of these changes could materially adversely affect the Company’s future financial performance.  However, the ultimate impact of COVID-19 on our future results of operations and liquidity cannot presently be predicted.

20

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA for the fiscal quarter ended March 29, 2020, decreased $0.2 million compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year. Year-to-date Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $0.4 million compared to $0.7 million in the prior fiscal year. The following table sets forth a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods shown (in thousands):

RAVE RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
ADJUSTED EBITDA
(In thousands)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
Net income
 
$
(4,515
)
 
$
(263
)
 
$
(4,264
)
 
$
77
 
Interest expense
   
24
     
26
     
75
     
77
 
Income taxes
   
4,008
     
9
     
4,077
     
188
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
45
     
120
     
141
     
385
 
EBITDA
 
$
(438
)
 
$
(108
)
 
$
29
   
$
727
 
Stock compensation expense (income)
   
(19
)
   
129
     
(104
)
   
410
 
Severance
   
38
     
-
     
157
     
-
 
Loss (gain) on sale/disposal of assets
   
18
     
104
     
7
     
(250
)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other lease charges
   
495
     
219
     
836
     
389
 
Franchisee default and closed store revenue
   
(133
)
   
(248
)
   
(587
)
   
(714
)
Closed and non-operating store costs
   
45
     
70
     
50
     
151
 
Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
6
   
$
166
   
$
388
   
$
713
 

Pizza Inn Brand Summary

The following tables summarize certain key indicators for the Pizza Inn franchised and licensed domestic units that management believes are useful in evaluating performance.

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
   
March 29,
2020
   
March 24,
2019
 
Pizza Inn Retail Sales - Total Domestic Units
 
(in thousands, except unit data)
   
(in thousands, except unit data)
 
Domestic Units
                       
Buffet Units - Franchised
 
$
18,313
   
$
20,469
   
$
57,866
   
$
60,070
 
Delco/Express Units - Franchised
   
1,485
     
1,717
   
$
4,554
     
5,296
 
PIE Units - Licensed
   
69
     
56
   
$
245
     
136
 
Total Domestic Retail Sales
 
$
19,867
   
$
22,242
   
$
62,665
   
$
65,502
 
                                 
Pizza Inn Comparable Store Retail Sales - Total Domestic
   
18,994
     
20,603
     
60,182
     
60,893
 
                                 
Pizza Inn Average Units Open in Period
                               
Domestic Units
                               
Buffet Units - Franchised
   
83
     
89
     
83
     
88
 
Delco/Express Units - Franchised
   
56
     
59
     
57
     
60
 
PIE Units - Licensed
   
13
     
7
     
12
     
5
 
Total Domestic Units
   
152
     
155
     
152
     
153
 

Total Pizza Inn domestic retail sales decreased $2.3 million, or 10.5%, for the three months ended March 29, 2020 when compared to the same period of the prior year. Pizza Inn domestic comparable store retail sales decreased by $1.6 million, or 7.8%, for the three months ended March 29, 2020 when compared to the same period of the prior year.

Total Pizza Inn domestic retail sales decreased $2.8 million, or 4.3%, for the nine months ended March 29, 2020 when compared to the same period of the prior year. Pizza Inn domestic comparable store retail sales decreased by $0.7 million, or 1.2%, for the nine months ended March 29, 2020 when compared to the same period of the prior year.

21

The following chart summarizes Pizza Inn unit activity for the three and nine months ended March 29, 2020:

   
Three Months Ended March 29, 2020
 
   
Beginning
Units
   
Opened
   
Concept
Change
   
Closed
   
Ending
Units
 
Domestic Units
                             
Buffet Units - Franchised
   
82
     
1
     
-
     
-
     
83
 
Delco/Express Units - Franchised
   
59
     
1
     
-
     
4
     
56
 
PIE Units - Licensed
   
12
     
1
     
-
     
-
     
13
 
Total Domestic Units
   
153
     
3
     
-
     
4
     
152
 
                                         
International Units (all types)
   
34
     
3
     
-
             
37
 
                                         
Total Units
   
187
     
6
     
-
     
4
     
189
 

   
Nine Months Ending March 29, 2020
 
   
Beginning
Units
   
Opened
   
Concept
Change
   
Closed
   
Ending
Units
 
Domestic Units
                             
Buffet Units - Franchised
   
87
     
2
     
-
     
6
     
83
 
Delco/Express Units - Franchised
   
59
     
2
     
-
     
5
     
56
 
PIE Units - Licensed
   
9
     
4
     
-
     
-
     
13
 
Total Domestic Units
   
155
     
8
     
-
     
11
     
152