10-K 1 reg-20231231.htm 10-K 10-K
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number 1-12298 (Regency Centers Corporation)

Commission File Number 0-24763 (Regency Centers, L.P.)

REGENCY CENTERS CORPORATION

REGENCY CENTERS, L.P.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida (REGENCY CENTERS CORPORATION)

59-3191743

Delaware (REGENCY CENTERS, L.P.)

 

img38278871_0.jpg

 

59-3429602

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

One Independent Drive, Suite 114

Jacksonville, Florida 32202

(904) 598-7000

(Address of principal executive offices) (zip code)

 

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Regency Centers Corporation

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

 

REG

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

6.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

REGCP

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

5.875% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

REGCO

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Regency Centers, L.P.

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

None

 

N/A

N/A

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Regency Centers Corporation: None

Regency Centers, L.P.: Units of Partnership Interest

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Regency Centers Corporation Yes No Regency Centers, L.P. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act

Regency Centers Corporation Yes No Regency Centers, L.P. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Regency Centers Corporation Yes No Regency Centers, L.P. Yes No

 

 


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Regency Centers Corporation Yes No Regency Centers, L.P. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Regency Centers Corporation:

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Emerging growth company

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Regency Centers, L.P.:

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Emerging growth company

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Regency Centers Corporation Regency Centers, L.P.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Regency Centers Corporation Regency Centers, L.P.

 

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.1

Regency Centers Corporation Regency Centers, L.P.

 

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to Section 240.10D-1(b).1

Regency Centers Corporation Regency Centers, L.P.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

Regency Centers Corporation Yes No Regency Centers, L.P. Yes No

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrants' most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

Regency Centers Corporation $10.5 billion Regency Centers, L.P. N/A

 

The number of shares outstanding of the Regency Centers Corporation’s common stock was 184,578,554 as of February 15, 2024.

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of Regency Centers Corporation's proxy statement, prepared in connection with its upcoming 2024 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the extent described therein.

1 Per SEC guidance, this blank checkbox is included on this cover page but no disclosure with respect thereto shall be made until the adoption and effectiveness of related stock exchange listing standards.

 


EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report") combines the annual reports on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, of Regency Centers Corporation and Regency Centers, L.P. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to "Regency Centers Corporation" or the "Parent Company" mean Regency Centers Corporation and its controlled subsidiaries and references to "Regency Centers, L.P." or the "Operating Partnership" mean Regency Centers, L.P. and its controlled subsidiaries. The terms "the Company," "Regency Centers," "Regency," "we," "our," and "us" as used in this Report mean the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, collectively.

The Parent Company is a real estate investment trust ("REIT") and the general partner of the Operating Partnership. As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, the Parent Company has exclusive control of the Operating Partnership's day-to-day management. The Operating Partnership's capital includes general and limited common partnership units ("Common Units"). As of December 31, 2023, the Parent Company owned approximately 99.4% of the Common Units in the Operating Partnership. The remaining Common Units, which are all limited Common Units, are owned by third party investors. In addition to the Common Units, the Operating Partnership has also issued two series of preferred units: the 6.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Units (the “Series A Preferred Units”) and the 5.875% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Units (the “Series B Preferred Units”). The Parent Company currently owns all of the Series A Preferred Units and Series B Preferred Units. The Series A Preferred Units and Series B Preferred Units are sometimes referred to collectively as the “Preferred Units."

The Company believes combining the annual reports on Form 10-K of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership into this single report provides the following benefits:

Enhances investors' understanding of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
Eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation; and
Creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.

Management operates the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of the Parent Company consists of the same individuals as the management of the Operating Partnership. These individuals are officers of the Parent Company, and officers and employees of the Operating Partnership.

The Company believes it is important to understand the key differences between the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership in the context of how the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership operate as a consolidated company. The Parent Company is a REIT, whose only material asset is its ownership of Common and Preferred Units of the Operating Partnership. As a result, the Parent Company does not conduct business itself, other than acting as the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, issuing public equity from time to time and guaranteeing certain debt of the Operating Partnership. Except for $200 million of unsecured private placement debt, the Parent Company does not hold any indebtedness, but guarantees all of the unsecured debt of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership, directly or indirectly, is also the co-issuer and guarantor of the $200 million Parent Company’s unsecured private placement debt referenced above. The Operating Partnership holds all the assets of the Company and ownership of the Company's subsidiaries and equity interests in its joint ventures. Except for net proceeds from public equity issuances by the Parent Company, which are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for Common Units or Preferred Units, the Operating Partnership generates all other capital required by the Company's business. These sources include the Operating Partnership's operations, its direct or indirect incurrence of indebtedness, and the issuance of Common Units and Preferred Units

Shareholders' equity, partners' capital, and noncontrolling interests are the main areas of difference between the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Parent Company and those of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership's capital includes the Common Units and the Preferred Units. The limited partners' Common Units in the Operating Partnership owned by third parties are accounted for in partners' capital in the Operating Partnership's financial statements and outside of shareholders' equity in noncontrolling interests in the Parent Company's financial statements. The Preferred Units owned by the Parent Company are eliminated in consolidation in the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Parent Company and are classified as preferred units of general partner in the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Operating Partnership.

In order to highlight the differences between the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, there are sections in this Report that separately discuss the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, including separate financial statements, controls and procedures sections, and separate Exhibit 31 and 32 certifications. In the sections that combine disclosure for the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, this Report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of the Company.

As general partner with control of the Operating Partnership, the Parent Company consolidates the Operating Partnership for financial reporting purposes, and the Parent Company does not have assets other than its investment in the Operating Partnership. Therefore, while shareholders' equity and partners' capital differ as discussed above, the assets and liabilities of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership are the same on their respective financial statements.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

Item No.

Form 10-K

Report Page

PART I

1.

Business

1

 

1A.

Risk Factors

9

 

1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

22

 

1C.

Cybersecurity

22

 

 

 

2.

Properties

24

 

3.

Legal Proceedings

41

 

4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

41

 

PART II

 

 

5.

Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

41

 

6.

Reserved

42

 

7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

43

 

7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

58

 

8.

Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

59

 

9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

126

 

9A.

Controls and Procedures

126

 

9B.

Other Information

127

 

9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspection

128

 

PART III

 

 

10.

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

128

 

11.

Executive Compensation

128

 

12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

128

 

13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

128

 

14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

129

 

PART IV

 

 

15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

130

 

16.

Form 10-K Summary

136

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

17.

Signatures

137

 

 


 

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this document regarding anticipated financial, business, legal or other outcomes including business and market conditions, outlook and other similar statements relating to Regency's future events, developments, or financial or operational performance or results, are "forward-looking statements" made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are identified by the use of words such as "may," "will," "could," "should," "would," "expect," "estimate," "believe," "intend," "forecast," "project," "plan," "anticipate," "guidance," and other similar language. However, the absence of these or similar words or expressions does not mean a statement is not forward-looking. While we believe these forward-looking statements are reasonable when made, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or events and undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance these expectations will be attained, and it is possible actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements due to a variety of risks and uncertainties.

Our operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, risk factors described in "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of this Report. When considering an investment in our securities, you should carefully read and consider these risks, together with all other information in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and our other filings with and submissions to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including those made in connection with the Company's acquisition of Urstadt Biddle Properties Inc. (“UBP” or “Urstadt Biddle”). If any of the events described in the risk factors actually occur, our business, financial condition or operating results, as well as the market price of our securities, could be materially adversely affected. Forward-looking statements are only as of the date they are made, and Regency undertakes no duty to update its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or developments or otherwise, except as and to the extent required by law.

PART I

Item 1. Business

Regency Centers Corporation is a fully integrated real estate company and self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust that began its operations as a publicly-traded REIT in 1993. Our corporate headquarters are located at One Independent Drive, Suite 114, Jacksonville, Florida. Regency Centers, L.P. is a subsidiary through which Regency Centers Corporation conducts substantially all of its operations, and which owns, directly or indirectly, substantially all of its assets. Our business consists of acquiring, developing, owning, and operating income-producing retail real estate principally located in suburban trade areas with compelling demographics within the United States of America ("USA" or "United States"). We generate revenues by leasing space to necessity, service, convenience, and value-based retailers serving the essential needs of our communities. Regency has been an S&P 500 Index member since 2017. Our business experienced material growth in 2023 due to our acquisition of UBP which is further discussed in "Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

As of December 31, 2023, we had full or partial ownership interests in 482 properties, primarily anchored by market leading grocery stores, encompassing 56.8 million square feet ("SF") of gross leasable area ("GLA"). Our Pro-rata share of this GLA is 48.6 million square feet, including our share of properties owned through unconsolidated real estate partnerships.

We are a preeminent national owner, operator, and developer of neighborhood and community shopping centers predominantly located in suburban trade areas with compelling demographics that have strategic attributes supporting growth through economic cycles. Our mission is to create thriving environments for retailers and service providers to connect with surrounding neighborhoods and communities. Our vision is to elevate quality of life as an integral thread in the fabric of our communities. Our portfolio includes thriving properties merchandised with highly productive grocers, restaurants, service providers, and best-in-class retailers that connect with their neighborhoods, communities, and customers.

Our values:

We are our people: Our people are our greatest asset, and we believe that a talented team from diverse backgrounds and experiences makes us better.
We do what is right: We act with unwavering standards of honesty and integrity.
We connect with our communities: We promote philanthropic ideas and strive for the betterment of our neighborhoods by giving our time and financial support.
We are responsible: Our duty is to balance purpose and profit, being good stewards of capital and the environment for the benefit of all our stakeholders.
We strive for excellence: When we are passionate about what we do, it is reflected in our performance.
We are better together: When we listen to each other and our customers, we will succeed together.

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Our goals are to:

Own and manage a portfolio of high-quality neighborhood and community shopping centers anchored primarily by market leading grocers and principally located in suburban trade areas in the most desirable metro areas in the United States. We believe that this strategy will result in highly desirable and attractive centers with best-in-class retailers. These centers should command higher rental and occupancy rates resulting in excellent prospects to grow net operating income ("NOI");
Create shareholder value by increasing earnings and dividends per share that generate total returns at or near the top of our shopping center peers;
Maintain an industry leading, disciplined development and redevelopment platform to create exceptional retail centers that deliver favorable returns;
Support our business activities with a conservative capital structure, including a strong balance sheet with sufficient liquidity to meet our capital needs together with a carefully constructed debt maturity profile;
Implement leading environmental, social, and governance ("ESG") practices through our Corporate Responsibility program to support and enhance our business goals and objectives; and
Engage and retain an exceptional and diverse team that is guided by our strong values, while fostering an environment of innovation and continuous improvement.

Key strategies to achieve our goals are to:

Generate same property NOI growth that over the long-term consistently ranks at or near the top of our shopping center peers;
Reinvest free cash flow and portfolio enhancement disposition proceeds into high-quality developments, redevelopments and acquisitions in a long term accretive manner;
Maintain a conservative balance sheet that provides liquidity, financial flexibility and cost-effective funding of investment opportunities, while also managing debt maturities that enable us to weather economic downturns;
Pursue best-in-class ESG programs and practices; and
Attract, retain, and engage an exceptional and diverse team that is guided by our values while fostering an environment of innovation and continuous improvement.

Competition

We are among the largest owners of shopping centers in the USA based on revenues, number of properties, GLA, and market capitalization. There are numerous companies and individuals engaged in our line of business that compete with us in our targeted markets, including grocery store chains that own shopping centers and also anchor some of our shopping centers. This dynamic results in competition for attracting tenants as well as acquiring existing shopping centers and new development sites. In addition, brick and mortar shopping centers face continued competition from alternative shopping and delivery methods. We believe that our competitive advantages are driven by:

the market areas in which we operate, and the locations of our shopping centers within those trade areas;
the quality of our shopping centers including our strategy of maintaining and renovating these centers to our high standards;
the compelling demographics surrounding our shopping centers;
our relationships with our anchor, shop, and out-parcel tenants;
our experienced leadership team and cycle-tested expertise; and
our ability to successfully develop, redevelop, and acquire shopping centers.

 

2


 

Corporate Responsibility and Human Capital

To execute our mission, which is to create thriving environments for retailers and service providers to connect with surrounding neighborhoods and communities, we strive to achieve best-in-class corporate responsibility. For this reason, corporate responsibility, including our focus on ESG practices that support and enhance our business, is a foundational strategy of Regency. We believe that alignment of strategy and business sustainability is critical to the long-term success of our Company, our shareholders, the environment, and the communities in which we operate. To achieve this alignment, our corporate responsibility (which term we use interchangeably with “ESG”) practices are built on four pillars:

Our People;
Our Communities;
Ethics and Governance; and
Environmental Stewardship.

These practices are guided by three overarching concepts: long-term value creation, our Regency brand and reputation, and the importance of maintaining our culture, which has been a crucial driver of our long-term success. Our continued commitment to these concepts helps to guide our business strategy, and identify and focus on key corporate responsibility-related drivers that we expect to contribute to our future success.

We regularly review our corporate responsibility strategies, goals, and objectives under these four pillars with our Board of Directors (or the "Board") and its committees, which oversee our programs. More information about our corporate responsibility strategy, goals, performance, and reporting, including our annual Corporate Responsibility Report, and our policies and practices related to corporate responsibility, is available on our website at www.regencycenters.com. The content of our website and other information contained therein, including relating to corporate responsibility, is not incorporated by reference into this Report or in any other report or document we file with the SEC, and any references to our website are intended to be inactive textual references only.

Our People – Our people are our most important asset, and we strive to ensure that they are engaged, passionate about their work, connected to their teams, and supported to deliver their best performance. Regency recognizes and values the importance to the Company's success of attracting and retaining talented individuals with different skills, backgrounds, and experiences to encourage diversity of thought and ideas. In addition, we strive to maintain a safe and healthy workspace, promote employee well-being, and empower our employees by focusing on their personal and professional development through training and education opportunities.

As of December 31, 2023, we had 497 employees, including 5 part-time employees. We presently maintain 24 market offices nationwide, including our corporate headquarters in Jacksonville, Florida. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit, and we believe our relationship with our employees is good.

In 2023, we continued implementing our comprehensive diversity, equity, and inclusion ("DEI") strategy focused on promoting and advancing diversity across our organization. The goals of this strategy are to attract, recruit, and retain a diverse group of employees to grow, develop, and succeed, as we collectively work to implement our mission and contribute to the long-term success of the organization. Furthermore, aligned with our near-and long-term human capital goals, we remained focused on employee engagement, leveraging our annual employee survey to identify opportunities to improve and further engage our people.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion - We believe that much of our success is rooted in the diversity and inclusion of our teams and our commitment to a diverse and inclusive culture. We continue to foster a culture in which everyone is respected, valued, and has an equal opportunity to contribute and thrive. Our shopping centers are in trade areas throughout the U.S. and our tenants and visitors to our centers represent a cross section of those communities. We remain focused on building a workforce that represents the many tenants and visitors to our centers we serve and the communities in which we operate.

Our most recent U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission EEO-1 survey data can be found on our website, including additional information related to employee gender and ethnic diversity.

Human Rights – Regency is committed to a workplace free from discrimination and harassment and is focused on advancing fundamental human rights. Anti-discrimination and anti-harassment training is provided to all employees at orientation, and annually thereafter.

Talent Attraction and Retention – Our core values place a strong importance on our people, which we believe make us an employer of choice. We understand the importance of attracting and retaining the best talent to sustain our history of success and build long-term value. We strive to offer some of the most competitive pay and benefits in the industry in which we operate and are continually looking for new opportunities to ensure that we attract and retain our people.

3


 

Training and Development– We strive to provide an environment where our people are connected to their teams, passionate about what they do, and supported to deliver their best efforts and results. From individual contributors to managers and senior leaders, we want to empower our employees to take control of their career growth and realize their full potential through meaningful training and development opportunities.

Health, Safety, and Well-Being – The safety, health, and well-being of our people are a top priority for Regency. We strive to provide a benefit package that is comprehensive, competitive, and thoughtfully designed to attract and retain the best in the business. We prioritize employee safety at our centers and offices, and require contractors working at our sites to engage in safe work practices.

Our Communities – Our predominately grocery-anchored neighborhood and community shopping centers provide many benefits to the communities in which we live and work, including significant local economic impacts in the form of investment, jobs, and taxes. Our local teams are passionate about investing in and engaging with our communities as they customize and cultivate our centers to create a distinctive environment to bring our tenants and shoppers together for the best retail experience.

We believe philanthropy and charitable giving are important elements of our corporate responsibility commitment to the communities in which we operate. Throughout 2023, Regency supported its employees to serve and invest in community organizations through volunteer and financial support. Charitable contributions were made directly by the Company, as well as by the vast majority of our employees who donated their time and money to local non-profits directly serving their communities. Furthermore, as part of our strategy, we continued to improve our communities by investing in property enhancements and placemaking at our new and existing shopping centers.

Ethics and Governance – As long-term stewards of our investors’ capital, we are committed to best-in-class corporate governance. To create long-term value for our stakeholders, we place great emphasis on our culture and core values, the integrity and transparency of our reporting practices, and our overall governance structure in respect of oversight and shareholder rights.

To continue to strive for the best achievable mix of skills, experience, backgrounds, tenures, and competencies, including gender, ethnicity, age, and other attributes, Regency’s Board of Directors annually reviews its overall composition and succession planning process. As an outcome of this process, on September 26, 2022, the Company's Board of Directors elected Kristin A. Campbell to serve as one of the Regency's directors effective January 15, 2023. Ms. Campbell’s skill set, background, experience and competencies align with Regency’s ongoing commitment to board refreshment and best-in-class corporate governance.

Environmental Stewardship – We believe sustainability is in the best interest of our investors, tenants, employees, and the communities in which we operate, and we strive to integrate sustainable practices throughout our business.

We have identified eight strategic priorities to foster sustainable business practices and minimize both our environmental impact and the long-term risks to Regency’s business: green building, energy efficiency, electric vehicle charging stations, renewable energy, greenhouse gas emissions (“GHG”) reduction, water conservation, waste management, and climate change as it applies to our real estate portfolio. We believe these strategic priorities are not only the right thing to do to address environmental concerns such as climate change, resource scarcity and pollution (including GHG emissions reduction), but also support our achievement of key strategic financial and business objectives relating to our operations and development and redevelopment projects.

Throughout 2023, we continued to make progress towards our target to reduce GHG emissions and collaborate closely with our tenants to minimize their operational environmental impact. Aligned with the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi), our target aims to reduce our absolute Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions by 28% by 2030, measured against a 2019 baseline year, and to achieve net-zero Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions across all operations by 2050. In addition, the Company has established targets to enhance energy efficiency, manage water and waste responsibly and invest in renewable energy sources and electric vehicle charging stations. These targets reflect our proactive stance in addressing environmental challenges and contributing to a more sustainable future. Regency’s progress towards these targets, together with our strategy and efforts influenced by climate change, are further described in our 2022 Corporate Responsibility Report. Based on our current estimates and asset base, we do not expect the pursuit of these targets to materially impact our operating results and financial condition.

As a long-term owner, operator, and developer of real estate, we acknowledge the potential for climate change to have a material impact on our properties, people, and long-term success. Regency wants to ensure that our properties can safely, sustainably, and responsibly withstand the test of time. We continue to refine our understanding of our exposure to climate-related impacts by conducting ongoing property-level analysis as well as the risks that climate change may pose to our business.

Compliance with Governmental Regulations

We are subject to various regulatory and tax-related requirements within the jurisdictions in which we operate. Changes to such requirements may result in unanticipated material financial impacts or adverse tax consequences and could materially affect our operating results and financial condition. Significant regulatory requirements include the laws and regulations described below.

4


 

REIT Laws and Regulations

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under the federal income tax laws. As a REIT, we are generally not subject to federal income tax on taxable income that we distribute to our shareholders. Under the Internal Revenue Code (the "Code"), REITs are subject to numerous regulatory requirements, including the requirement to generally distribute at least 90% of taxable income each year. We will be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates if we fail to qualify as a REIT for tax purposes in any taxable year, or to the extent we distribute less than 100% of our taxable income. We will also generally not qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year during which qualification is lost. Even if we qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may be subject to certain state and local income and franchise taxes and to federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income.

We have elected to treat certain of our subsidiaries as taxable REIT subsidiaries ("TRS"). In general, a TRS may engage in any real estate business and certain non-real estate businesses, subject to certain limitations under the Code. A TRS is subject to federal and state income taxes which, to date, have not been material to us.

Environmental Laws and Regulations

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations (collectively, "environmental laws"), we may be liable for some or all of the cost to assess and remediate certain hazardous substances at our shopping centers. To the extent any environmental issues arise, they most typically stem from the historic practices of current and former dry cleaners, gas stations, and other similar businesses at our centers, as well as the presence of asbestos in some structures. These environmental laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner knew of, or committed the acts or omissions that caused the presence of the hazardous substances. The presence of such substances, or the failure to properly address contamination caused by such substances, may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease the property or borrow using the property as collateral, and could result in claims by and liabilities to third parties relating to contamination that emanated from our properties. Although we have a number of properties that could require or are currently undergoing varying levels of assessment and remediation, known environmental liabilities are not currently expected to have a material impact on our financial condition.

Information About Our Executive Officers

Our executive officers are appointed by our Board of Directors and each of our executive officers has been employed by us for more than five years. As of the date of this Report, our executive officers are:

 

Name

Age

 

Title

Executive Officer in
Position Shown Since

Martin E. Stein, Jr.

 

71

 

Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors

2020 (1)

Lisa Palmer

 

56

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

2020 (2)

Michael J. Mas

 

48

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

2019 (3)

Alan T. Roth

 

48

 

East Region President & Chief Operating Officer

2023 (4)

Nicholas A. Wibbenmeyer

 

43

 

West Region President & Chief Investment Officer

2023(5)

(1)
Mr. Stein was appointed Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors effective January 1, 2020. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Stein served as Chief Executive Officer from 1993 through December 31, 2019 and Chairman of the Board since 1999.
(2)
Ms. Palmer was named Chief Executive Officer effective January 1, 2020, in addition to her responsibilities as President, a position she has held since January 2016. Prior to this appointment, Ms. Palmer served as Chief Financial Officer since January 2013. Prior to that, Ms. Palmer served as Senior Vice President of Capital Markets since 2003 and has been with the Company since 1996.
(3)
Mr. Mas assumed the responsibilities of Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer effective August 2019. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Mas served as Managing Director, Finance, since February 2017, and Senior Vice President, Capital Markets, since 2013, and has been with the Company since 2003.
(4)
Mr. Alan T. Roth was named East Region President & Chief Operating Officer, effective January 1, 2024. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Roth served as Executive Vice President, National Property Operations and East Region President, since 2023, and Senior Managing Director, East Region since 2020. Prior to that, he served as Managing Director Northeast Region since 2016 and has been with the Company since 1997.
(5)
Mr. Nicholas A. Wibbenmeyer was named West Region President & Chief Investment Officer, effective January 1, 2024. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Wibbenmeyer served as Executive Vice President, West Region President since 2023 and Senior Managing Director, West Region since 2020. Prior to that, he served as Managing Director of Florida and the Midwest Region since 2016, and has been with the Company since 2005.

Company Website Access and SEC Filings

Our website may be accessed at www.regencycenters.com. All of our filings with the SEC can be accessed free of charge through our website promptly after filing; however, in the event that the website is inaccessible, we will provide paper copies of our most recent annual report on Form 10-K, the most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q, current reports filed or furnished on Form 8-K, and all

5


 

related amendments, excluding exhibits, free of charge upon request. These filings are also accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. The content of our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or in any other report or document we file with the SEC, and any references to our website are intended to be inactive textual references only.

General Information

Our registrar and stock transfer agent is Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions, LLC ("Broadridge"), Edgewood, NY. We offer a dividend reinvestment plan ("DRIP") that enables our shareholders to reinvest dividends automatically, as well as to make voluntary cash payments toward the purchase of additional shares. For more information, contact Broadridge toll free at (877) 830-4936 or our Shareholder Relations Department at (904) 598-7000.

The Company's stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, with its common stock traded under the ticker symbol "REG," and the Company's 6.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, and 5.875% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock trade under the ticker symbols "REGCP", and "REGCO", respectively.

Our independent registered public accounting firm is KPMG LLP, Jacksonville, Florida, Firm ID 185.

Annual Meeting of Shareholders

Our 2024 annual meeting of shareholders is currently expected to be held on Wednesday, May 1, 2024, and will be conducted in a virtual-only format to the extent permitted by applicable law.

Non-GAAP Measures

In addition to the required Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") presentations, we use and report certain non-GAAP measures as we believe these measures improve the understanding of our operational results. We believe these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to our Board of Directors, management and investors regarding certain trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, purposes of determining management incentive compensation and budgeting, forecasting and planning purposes. We continually evaluate the usefulness, relevance, limitations, and calculation of our reported non-GAAP measures to determine how best to provide relevant information to the public, and thus such reported measures could change.

We do not consider non-GAAP measures an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP, rather they supplement GAAP measures by providing additional information we believe to be useful to our shareholders. The principal limitation of these non-GAAP measures is that they may exclude significant expense and income items that are required by GAAP to be recognized in our Consolidated Financial Statements. In addition, they reflect the exercise of management's judgment about which expense and income items are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP measures. In order to compensate for these limitations, reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures we use to their most directly comparable GAAP measures are provided. Non-GAAP measures should not be relied upon in evaluating the financial condition, results of operations, or future prospects of the Company.

Defined Terms

The following terms, as defined, are commonly used by management and the investing public to understand, and evaluate our operational results, and are included in this document:

Core Operating Earnings is an additional performance measure we use because the computation of Nareit Funds from Operations ("Nareit FFO") includes certain non-comparable items that affect our period-over-period performance. Core Operating Earnings excludes from Nareit FFO: (i) transaction related income or expenses, (ii) gains or losses from the early extinguishment of debt, (iii) certain non-cash components of earnings derived from straight-line rents, above and below market rent amortization, and debt and derivative mark-to-market amortization, and (iv) other amounts as they occur. We provide reconciliations of both Net Income Attributable to Common Shareholders to Nareit FFO and Nareit FFO to Core Operating Earnings.
Development Completion is a Property in Development that is deemed complete upon the earlier of: (i) 90% of total estimated net development costs have been incurred and percent leased equals or exceeds 95%, or (ii) the property features at least two years of anchor operations. Once deemed complete, the property is termed a Retail Operating Property.
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is defined as Operating EBITDAre divided by the sum of the gross interest and scheduled mortgage principal paid to our lenders.
Nareit EBITDAre is a measure of REIT performance, which the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("Nareit") defines as net income, computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding (i) interest expense, (ii) income tax

6


 

expense, (iii) depreciation and amortization, (iv) gains on sales of real estate, (v) impairments of real estate, and (vi) adjustments to reflect the Company's share of unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.
Nareit Funds from Operations ("Nareit FFO") is a commonly used measure of REIT performance, which Nareit defines as net income, computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains on sales and impairments of real estate, net of tax, plus depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We compute Nareit FFO for all periods presented in accordance with Nareit's definition.

Companies use different depreciable lives and methods, and real estate values historically fluctuate with market conditions. Since Nareit FFO excludes depreciation and amortization and gains on sale and impairments of real estate, it provides a performance measure that, when compared year over year, reflects the impact on operations from trends in percent leased, rental rates, operating costs, acquisition and development activities, and financing costs. This provides a perspective of our financial performance not immediately apparent from net income determined in accordance with GAAP. Thus, Nareit FFO is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure of our operating performance, which does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP; and, therefore, should not be considered a substitute measure of cash flows from operations. We provide a reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Common Shareholders to Nareit FFO.

Net Operating Income ("NOI") is the sum of base rent, percentage rent, recoveries from tenants, other lease income, and other property income, less operating and maintenance expenses, real estate taxes, ground rent, and uncollectible lease income. NOI excludes straight-line rental income and expense, above and below market rent and ground rent amortization, tenant lease inducement amortization, and other fees. We also provide disclosure of NOI excluding termination fees, which excludes both termination fee income and expenses.
A Non-Same Property is any property, during either calendar year period being compared, that was acquired, sold, a Property in Development, a Development Completion, or a property under, or being positioned for, significant redevelopment that distorts comparability between periods. Non-retail properties and corporate activities, including the captive insurance program, are part of Non-Same Property.
Operating EBITDAre begins with Nareit EBITDAre and excludes certain non-cash components of earnings derived from straight-line rents and above and below market rent amortization. We provide a reconciliation of Net income to Nareit EBITDAre to Operating EBITDAre.
Pro-rata information includes 100% of our consolidated properties plus our economic share (based on our ownership interest) in our unconsolidated real estate investment partnerships.

We provide Pro-rata financial information because we believe it assists investors and analysts in estimating our economic interest in our consolidated and unconsolidated partnerships, when read in conjunction with our reported results under GAAP. We believe presenting our Pro-rata share of assets, liabilities, operating results, and other metrics, along with certain other non-GAAP measures, makes comparisons of our operating results to those of other REITs more meaningful. The Pro-rata information provided is not, nor is it intended to be, presented in accordance with GAAP. The Pro-rata supplemental details of assets and liabilities and supplemental details of operations reflect our proportionate economic ownership of the assets, liabilities, and operating results of the properties in our portfolio

The Pro-rata information is prepared on a basis consistent with the comparable consolidated amounts and is intended to more accurately reflect our proportionate economic interest in the assets, liabilities, and operating results of properties in our portfolio. We do not control the unconsolidated investment partnerships, and the Pro-rata presentations of the assets and liabilities, and revenues and expenses do not represent our legal claim to such items. The partners are entitled to profit or loss allocations and distributions of cash flows according to the operating agreements, which generally provide for such allocations according to their invested capital. Our share of invested capital establishes the ownership interests we use to prepare our Pro-rata share.

The presentation of Pro-rata information has limitations which include, but are not limited to, the following:

o
The amounts shown on the individual line items were derived by applying our overall economic ownership interest percentage determined when applying the equity method of accounting and do not necessarily represent our legal claim to the assets and liabilities, or the revenues and expenses; and
o
Other companies in our industry may calculate their Pro-rata interest differently, limiting the comparability of Pro-rata information.

Because of these limitations, the Pro-rata financial information should not be considered independently or as a substitute for our financial statements as reported under GAAP. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP financial statements, using the Pro-rata information as a supplement.

Property In Development includes properties in various stages of ground-up development.
Property In Redevelopment includes Retail Operating Properties under redevelopment or being positioned for redevelopment. Unless otherwise indicated, a Property in Redevelopment is included in the Same Property pool.

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Redevelopment Completion is a Property in Redevelopment that is deemed complete upon the earlier of: (i) 90% of total estimated project costs have been incurred and percent leased equals or exceeds 95% for the Company owned GLA related to the project, or (ii) the property features at least two years of anchor operations, if applicable.
Retail Operating Property is any retail property not termed a Property in Development. A retail property is any property where the majority of the income is generated from retail uses.
Same Property is a Retail Operating Property that was owned and operated for the entirety of both calendar year periods being compared. This term excludes Properties in Development, prior year Development Completions, and Non-Same Properties. Properties in Redevelopment are included unless otherwise indicated.

 

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

Our operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, those listed below. When considering an investment in our securities, carefully read and consider these risks, together with all other information in our other filings and submissions to the SEC, which provide much more information and detail. If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occur, our business, financial condition and/ or operating results, as well as the market price of our securities, could be materially adversely affected.

Risk Factors Related to the Current Economic and Geopolitical Environments

Interest rates in the current economic environment may adversely impact our cost to borrow, real estate valuation, and stock price.

On multiple occasions during 2022 and 2023, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System ("the U.S. Federal Reserve") raised its benchmark federal funds rate, which has led to numerous increases in interest rates in the credit markets, with further increases possible. Higher interest rates may negatively impact consumer spending, our tenants' businesses, and/or future demand for space in our shopping centers.

Additionally, higher interest rates adversely impact our cost of borrowing. Our exposure to higher interest rates in the short term includes our variable-rate borrowings, which consist of borrowings under our unsecured senior line of credit and variable rate based secured notes payable. Increases in interest rates could increase our financing costs over time, either through near-term borrowings on our floating-rate line of credit or refinancing of our existing borrowings that may incur higher interest expenses related to the issuance of new debt. Prolonged periods of higher interest rates may negatively impact the valuation of our real estate asset portfolio and could result in a decline of our stock price and market capitalization, which may adversely impact our ability and willingness to raise equity capital on favorable terms through sales of our common shares, including through our At the Market ("ATM") program.

Although the extent of any prolonged periods of higher interest rates remains unknown at this time, negative impacts to our cost of capital may also adversely affect our future business plans and growth, at least in the near term.

Current economic challenges, including the potential for recession, may adversely impact our tenants and our business.

The success of our tenants in operating their businesses and their corresponding ability to pay us rent continue to be significantly impacted by many current economic challenges, which impact their cost of doing business, including, but not limited to, inflation, labor shortages, supply chain constraints, decreasing consumer confidence and discretionary spending, and increasing energy prices and interest rates. Additionally, macroeconomic and geopolitical risks create challenges that may exacerbate current market conditions in the United States, including the potential for a recession.

These economic challenges could adversely impact our volume of leasing activity, which could include tenant move outs and/or higher levels of uncollectible lease income, as well as negatively affect the business and financial results of our tenants. The aggregate impacts of these current economic challenges may also negatively affect the overall market for retail space, resulting in decreased demand for space in our centers. This, in turn, could result in pricing pressure on rent that we are able to charge to new or renewing tenants, such that future rent spreads could be adversely impacted. Further, we may experience higher costs for tenant buildouts, as costs of materials and labor may increase and supply and availability of both may become more limited.

Unfavorable developments affecting the banking and financial services industry could adversely affect our business, liquidity and financial condition, and overall results of operations.

Actual events, concerns or speculation about disruption or instability in the banking and financial services industry, such as liquidity constraints or lack of available credit, the failure of individual institutions, or the inability of individual institutions or the banking and financial service industry generally to meet their contractual obligations, could significantly impair our access to capital, delay access to deposits or other financial assets, or cause actual loss of funds subject to cash management arrangements. Similarly, these events, concerns or speculation could result in less favorable commercial financing terms, including higher interest rates or costs and tighter financial and operating covenants, or systemic limitations on access to credit and liquidity sources, thereby making it more difficult for us and our tenants to acquire financing on acceptable terms or at all. Additionally, our critical vendors and business partners also could be adversely affected by these risks as described above, which in turn could result in their committing a breach or default under their contractual agreements with us, their insolvency or bankruptcy, or other adverse effects.

Any decline in available funding, lack of credit in the commercial real estate market, or access to cash and liquidity resources, or non-compliance of banking and financial services counterparties with their contractual commitments to us, our tenants or our critical vendors and business partners could, among other risks, have material adverse impacts on our ability to meet our operating expenses and other financial needs, could result in breaches of our financial and/or contractual obligations, and could have material adverse impacts on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Current geopolitical challenges could impact the U.S. economy and consumer spending and our results of operations and financial condition.

The success of our business, and the businesses of our tenants, largely depends on consumer spending. While we currently own no shopping centers or other assets outside of the U.S. nor have meaningful direct international supply chain exposure, geopolitical challenges and their potential impact on the global macroeconomic environment, including the war involving Russia and Ukraine, Middle East conflicts and wars, and the economic and other possible conflicts involving China (including any slowing of its economy), could impact aspects of the U.S. economy and, therefore, consumer spending. In addition, these geopolitical challenges could impact other areas of the U.S. economy, which could impact our business and the businesses of our tenants through rising inflation and interest rates (and, hence, reduced availability and/or increased costs of borrowing), increased energy prices, labor shortages, supply chain constraints and, potentially, a U.S. economic recession. It is unclear whether and when these geopolitical challenges and uncertainties will be mitigated or resolved, and what effects they may have on global political and economic conditions over the long term. However, a substantial delay in or lack of resolution of these challenges could have an adverse impact on the U.S. economy and consumer spending and, therefore, an adverse effect on our results of operations and the financial condition of the Company.

Risks Relating to Regency's Financial Performance Relating to the Urstadt Biddle Merger

Regency may not realize the anticipated benefits and synergies from the Urstadt Biddle merger.

On August 18, 2023, Regency completed its merger with Urstadt Biddle. The success of the merger will depend, in part, on Regency’s ability to realize the anticipated benefits from successfully combining its and Urstadt Biddle’s businesses. Regency is devoting substantial management attention and resources to integrating its and Urstadt Biddle’s business practices and operations so that Regency can fully realize the anticipated benefits of the mergers. Nonetheless, the business and assets acquired may not be successful or continue to grow at the same rate as when operated independently or may require greater resources and investments than originally anticipated. The mergers could also result in the assumption of unknown or contingent liabilities. Potential difficulties Regency may encounter in the integration process include the following:

the inability to successfully combine the businesses of Regency and Urstadt Biddle in a manner that permits Regency to achieve the cost savings anticipated to result from the mergers, which would result in some anticipated benefits of the mergers not being realized in the time frame currently anticipated, or at all;
the failure to integrate operations and internal systems, programs and controls;
the inability to successfully realize the anticipated value from some of Urstadt Biddle’s assets;
lost sales, loss of tenants and other commercial relationships;
the complexities associated with managing the combined company;
the complexities of combining two companies with different histories, cultures, markets, strategies and customer bases;
the failure to retain key employees of either of the two companies that may be difficult to replace;
the disruption of each company’s ongoing businesses or inconsistencies in services, standards, controls, procedures and policies;
potential unknown liabilities and unforeseen increased expenses, delays or regulatory conditions associated with the mergers; and
performance shortfalls as a result of the diversion of management’s attention caused by completing the mergers and integrating Regency’s and Urstadt Biddle’s operations.

As a result, the anticipated benefits of the mergers may not be realized fully within the expected time frame or at all or may take longer to realize or cost more than expected, which could adversely affect Regency’s business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.

Risk Factors Related to Pandemics or other Health Crises

Pandemics or other health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may adversely affect our tenants' financial condition, the profitability of our properties, and our access to the capital markets and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, federal, state, and local governments mandated or recommended various actions to reduce or prevent the spread of COVID-19, which altered customer behaviors and temporarily limited many of our tenants’ ability to operate. As a result, certain tenants requested rent concessions or sought to renegotiate future rents based on changes to the economic environment. Some tenants chose not to reopen or to honor the terms of their lease agreements. In addition, moratoria and other legal restrictions in certain states impacted our ability to bring legal action to enforce our leases and our ability to collect rent. Should

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federal, state, and local governments mandate or recommend lockdowns again in the future due to a pandemic or other similar health crises, tenants could request rent concessions or seek to renegotiate future rents.

In the event of future pandemics or similar health crises, consumers could elect to make more of their purchases online instead of in physical stores and businesses could delay executing new or renewals of leases amidst the immediate and uncertain economic impacts. These developments, coupled with potential tenant failures and a reduction in newly-formed businesses, could result in decreased demand for retail space in our centers, which could result in lower occupancy or higher levels of uncollectible lease income, as well as downward pressure on rents. Additionally, delays in construction of tenant improvements due to the impacts of constraints on supply chains and labor, resulting from government ordered lockdowns, could result in delayed rent commencement due to it taking longer for new tenants to open and operate.

Although the vast majority of our lease income is derived from contractual rent payments, the ability of certain of our tenants to meet their lease obligations could be negatively impacted by the disruptions and uncertainties of a new virus strain of COVID-19 or any future pandemic or other health crisis. Our tenants' ability to respond to these disruptions and uncertainties, including adjusting to governmental orders and changes in their customers' shopping habits and behaviors, may impact their ability to survive, and ultimately, their ability to comply with their lease obligations. Our future results of operations and overall financial performance could be uncertain should a new virus strain of COVID-19, or any future pandemic or other health crises occur.

Risk Factors Related to Operating Retail-Based Shopping Centers

Economic and market conditions may adversely affect the retail industry and consequently reduce our revenues and cash flow, and increase our operating expenses.

Our properties are leased primarily to retail tenants from whom we derive most of our revenue in the form of base rent, expense recoveries and other income. Therefore, our performance and operating results are directly linked to the economic and market conditions occurring in the retail industry. We are subject to the risks that, upon expiration, leases for space in our properties are not renewed by existing tenants, vacant space is not leased to new tenants, and/or tenants demand modified lease terms, including costs for renovations or concessions. The economic and market conditions potentially affecting the retail industry and our properties specifically include the following:

changes in national, regional and local economic conditions;
changes in population and migration patterns to/from the markets in which we operate;
deterioration in the competitiveness and creditworthiness of our retail tenants;
increased competition from the use of e-commerce by retailers and consumers as well as other concepts that could impact more traditional retail;
labor challenges and supply delays and shortages due to a variety of macroeconomic factors, including disruptions to global supply chains as a result of wars involving Russia and Ukraine, Israel and Gaza, the slowing of China's economy, pandemics, and/or inflationary pressures;
tenant bankruptcies and subsequent rejections of our leases;
reductions in consumer spending and retail sales, including inflationary impacts on consumer behavior;
reduced tenant demand for retail space;
oversupply of retail space;
reduced consumer demand for certain retail categories;
consolidation within the retail sector;
increased operating costs attendant to owning and operating retail shopping centers;
perceptions by retailers and shoppers of the safety, convenience and attractiveness of our properties; and
other factors which could alter shopping habits or otherwise deter customers from visiting our shopping centers, such as criminal activity, including civil unrest, acts of terrorism, or other types of violent crimes.

To the extent that any or a combination of these conditions occur, they are likely to impact the retail industry, our retail tenants, the emergence of new tenants, the demand for retail space, market rents and rent growth, capital expenditures, the percent leased levels of our properties, the value of our properties, our ability to sell, acquire or develop properties, our operating results and our cash flows.

 

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Shifts in retail trends, sales, and delivery methods between brick and mortar stores, e-commerce, home delivery, and curbside pick-up may adversely impact our revenues, results of operations, and cash flows.

Retailers are increasingly impacted by e-commerce and changes in customer buying habits, including shopping from home and the delivery or curbside pick-up of items ordered online. Retailers are considering these customer buying habits and other trends when making decisions regarding their brick and mortar stores and how they will compete and innovate in a rapidly changing retail environment. Many retailers in our shopping centers provide services or sell goods which have historically been less likely to be purchased online; however, the continuing change in customer buying habits, including increase in e-commerce sales in all retail categories may cause retailers to adjust the size or number of their retail locations in the future or close stores. For example, our grocer tenants are incorporating e-commerce concepts through home delivery and curbside pick-up, which could reduce foot traffic at our centers. These alternative delivery methods are more likely to impact foot traffic at our centers in certain higher-income markets where consumers are willing to pay premiums for such services. Changes in customer buying habits and shopping trends may also impact the profitability and financial condition of retailers that do not adapt to changes in market conditions, and therefore may impact their ability to pay rent. This shift may adversely impact our percent leased and rental rates, which would impact our results of operations and cash flows.

Changing economic and retail market conditions in geographic areas where our properties are concentrated may reduce our revenues and cash flow.

Economic conditions in markets where our properties are concentrated can greatly influence our financial performance. Our properties in California and Florida represent 23.4% and 19.3%, respectively, of our annualized base rent. Our revenues and cash flow may be adversely affected by this geographic concentration if market conditions, such as supply of or demand for retail space, deteriorate more significantly in these states compared to other geographic areas. Additionally, there is a risk that businesses and residents in major metropolitan cities may relocate to different states or suburban markets.

Our success depends on the continued presence and success of our "anchor" tenants.

"Anchor Tenants" (tenants occupying 10,000 square feet or more) operate large stores in our shopping centers, pay a significant portion of the total rent at a property and contribute to the attraction and success of other tenants by drawing shoppers to the property. Our net income and cash flow may be adversely affected by the loss of revenues and incurrence of additional costs in the event a significant Anchor Tenant:

becomes bankrupt or insolvent;
experiences a downturn in its business;
shifts its capital allocation away from brick and mortar formats;
materially defaults on its leases;
does not renew its leases as they expire;
renews at lower rental rates and/or requires a tenant improvement allowance; or
renews but reduces its store size, which results in down-time and additional tenant improvement costs to the landlord to re-lease the vacated space.

Some anchors have the right to vacate their space and may prevent us from re-tenanting by continuing to comply and pay rent in accordance with their lease agreement. Vacated "Anchor Space" (spaces 10,000 square feet or more), including space that may be owned by the anchor (as discussed below), can reduce rental revenues generated by the shopping center in other spaces because of the loss of the departed anchor's customer drawing power. In addition, if a significant tenant vacates a property, so-called "co-tenancy clauses" in select leases may allow other tenants to modify or terminate their rent payment or other lease obligations. Co-tenancy clauses have several variants: they may allow a tenant to postpone a store opening if certain other tenants fail to open their stores; they may allow a tenant to close its store prior to lease expiration if another tenant closes its store prior to lease expiration; or more commonly, they may allow a tenant to pay reduced levels of rent until a certain number of tenants open their stores within the same shopping center.

Additionally, some of our shopping centers are anchored by retailers who own their space in a location that is within or immediately adjacent to our shopping center ("shadow anchors"). In those cases, the shadow anchors appear to the consumer as a retail tenant of the shopping center and, as a result, attract additional consumer traffic to the center. In the event that a shadow Anchor Space becomes vacant, it could negatively impact our center as consumer traffic would likely be reduced.

A percentage of our revenues are derived from "local" tenants and our net income may be adversely impacted if these tenants are not successful, or if the demand for the types or mix of tenants significantly change.

At December 31, 2023, tenants with less than three locations ("Local Tenants") represent approximately 22% of annualized base rent. Local Tenants vary from retail shops and restaurants to service providers. These Local Tenants may be more vulnerable to negative

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economic conditions and changing customer buying habits and retail trends as they may have more limited resources and access to capital than other tenants. As such, in the event of such changing conditions, habits and trends, they may suffer disproportionately greater impacts and be at greater risk of lease default than other tenants.

We may be unable to collect balances due from tenants in bankruptcy.

Although lease income is supported by long-term lease contracts, tenants who file for bankruptcy have the legal right to reject any or all of their leases and close related stores. Any unsecured claim we hold against a bankrupt tenant for unpaid rent may be paid only to the extent that funds are available and only in the same percentage as is paid to all other holders of unsecured claims. As a result, it is likely that we would recover substantially less than the full value of any unsecured claims we hold. Additionally, we may incur significant expense to recover our claim and to re-lease the vacated space. In the event that a tenant with a significant number of leases in our shopping centers files for bankruptcy and rejects its leases, we may experience a significant reduction in our revenues and may not be able to collect all pre-petition amounts owed by the bankrupt tenant.

Many of our costs and expenses associated with operating our properties may remain constant or increase, even if our lease income decreases.

Certain costs and expenses associated with our operating our properties, such as real estate taxes, insurance, utilities and common area expenses, generally do not decrease in the event of reduced occupancy or rental rates, non-payment of rents by tenants, general economic downturns, pandemics or other similar circumstances. In fact, in some cases, such as real estate taxes and insurance, they may actually increase despite such events. As such, we may not be able to lower the operating expenses of our properties sufficiently to fully offset such circumstances and may not be able to fully recoup these costs from our tenants. In such cases, our cash flows, operating results and financial performance may be adversely impacted.

Compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and other building, fire, and safety regulations may have a material negative effect on us.

All of our properties are required to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"), which generally requires that buildings be made accessible to people with disabilities. Compliance with ADA requirements may require removal of access barriers, and noncompliance may result in imposition of fines by the U.S. government or an award of damages to private litigants, or both. While the tenants to whom we lease space in our properties are obligated by law to comply with the ADA provisions, and typically under tenant leases are obligated to cover costs associated with compliance, if required changes involve greater expenditures than anticipated, or if the changes must be made on a more accelerated basis than anticipated, the ability of these tenants to cover costs may be adversely affected. In addition, we are required to operate the properties in compliance with fire and safety regulations and building codes as they may be adopted by governmental entities and become applicable to the properties. Costs to be in compliance with the ADA or any other building, fire, and safety regulations could have a material negative impact on our results of operations.

Risk Factors Related to Real Estate Investments

Our real estate assets may decline in value and be subject to impairment losses which may reduce our net income.

Our real estate properties are carried at cost unless circumstances indicate that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable which may result in impairment. We evaluate whether there are any indicators, including declines in property operating performance and general market conditions, such that the value of the real estate properties (including any related tangible or intangible assets or liabilities, including goodwill) may not be recoverable and therefore may be impaired. Our evaluation includes several key assumptions, including rental rates, costs of tenant improvements, leasing commissions, anticipated holding periods, and assumptions regarding the residual value upon disposition, including the exit capitalization rate. These key assumptions are subjective in nature and may differ materially from actual results. Changes in our investment, redevelopment, and disposition strategies or changes in the market where an asset is located may alter management's intended holding period of an asset or asset group, which may result in an impairment loss and such loss may be material to our financial condition or operating performance.

The fair value of real estate assets is subjective and is determined through the use of comparable sales information and other market data if available, or through use of an income approach such as the direct capitalization method or the discounted cash flow approach. Such cash flow projections take into account expected future operating income, trends and prospects, as well as the effects of demand, competition and other relevant criteria, and therefore are subject to management judgment. In estimating the fair value of undeveloped land, we generally use market data and comparable sales information.

These subjective assessments have a direct impact on our net income because recording an impairment charge results in an immediate negative adjustment to net income, which may be material. There can be no assurance that we will not record impairment charges in the future related to our assets.

 

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We face risks associated with development, redevelopment, and expansion of properties.

We actively pursue opportunities for new retail development and existing property redevelopment and/or expansion. Development and redevelopment activities require various government and other approvals for entitlements, and any delay in such approvals may significantly delay development and redevelopment projects. We may not recover our investment in our projects for which approvals are not received, and delays may adversely impact our expected returns. Additionally, changes in political elections and policies may impact our ability to obtain favorable land use and zoning for in-process and future developments and redevelopment projects. We are subject to other risks associated with these activities, including the following:

we may be unable to lease developments or redevelopments to full occupancy on a timely basis;
the occupancy rates and rents of a completed project may not be sufficient to make the project profitable, or otherwise not meet our investment return expectations;
actual costs of a project may exceed original estimates, possibly making the project unprofitable, or not meet our investment return expectations;
delays in the development or construction process may increase our costs;
construction cost increases may reduce investment returns on development and redevelopment opportunities;
we may abandon development or redevelopment opportunities and lose our investment due to adverse market conditions;
the size of our development and redevelopment pipeline may strain our labor or capital capacity to complete the development and redevelopment projects within targeted timelines and may reduce our investment returns;
a reduction in the demand for new retail space may reduce our future development and redevelopment activities, which in turn may reduce our NOI; and
changes in the level of future development and redevelopment activity may adversely impact our results of operations by reducing the amount of internal overhead costs that may be capitalized.

We face risks associated with the development of mixed-use commercial properties.

If we engage in more complex acquisitions and mixed-use development and redevelopment projects, there could be more unique risks to our return on investment. Mixed-use projects refer to real estate projects that, in addition to retail space, may also include space for residential, office, hotel or other commercial purposes. We have less experience in developing and managing non-retail real estate than we do retail real estate. As a result, if a development or redevelopment project includes a non-retail use, we may seek to develop that component ourselves, sell the rights to that component to a third-party developer, or partner with a developer.

If we decide to develop the non-retail components ourselves, we would be exposed not only to those risks typically associated with the development of commercial real estate, but also to risks associated with developing, owning, operating or selling non-retail real estate, including but not limited to more complex entitlement processes and multiple-story buildings. These unique risks may adversely impact our return on investment in these mixed-use development projects.
If we sell the non-retail components, our retail component will be impacted by the decisions made by the other owners, and actions of those occupying the non-retail spaces in these mixed-use properties.
If we partner with a developer, it makes us dependent upon the partner's ability to perform and to agree on major decisions that impact our investment returns of the project. In addition, there is a risk that the non-retail developer may default on its obligations necessitating that we complete the other components ourselves, including providing necessary financing.

We face risks associated with the acquisition of properties.

Our investment strategy includes investing in high-quality shopping centers that are leased to market-leading grocers, category-leading anchors, specialty retailers, and/or restaurants located in areas with above average household incomes and population densities. The acquisition of properties and/or real estate entities entails risks that include, but are not limited to, the following, any of which may adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows:

properties we acquire may fail to achieve the occupancy or rental rates we project, within the time frames we estimate, which may result in the properties' failure to achieve expected investment returns;
our investigation of an entity, property or building prior to our acquisition, and any representation we may have received from such seller, may fail to reveal various liabilities including defects, necessary repairs or environmental matters requiring corrective action, which may increase our costs;
our estimate of the costs to improve, reposition or redevelop a property may prove to be too low, or the time we estimate to complete the improvement, repositioning or redevelopment may be too short, either of which may result in the property failing to achieve our projected return, either temporarily or permanently;
we may not recover our costs from an unsuccessful acquisition;

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our acquisition activities may distract or strain our management capacity; and
we may not be able to successfully integrate an acquisition into our existing operations platform.

We may be unable to sell properties when desired because of market conditions.

Our properties, including their related tangible and intangible assets, represent the majority of our total consolidated assets and they may not be readily convertible to cash. Market conditions, including macroeconomic events, pandemics and other health crises, may impact our ability to sell properties on our preferred timing and at prices and returns we deem acceptable. As a result, our ability to sell one or more of our properties, including properties held in joint ventures, in response to changes in economic, industry, financial market, or other conditions may be limited. The real estate market is affected by many factors, such as general economic conditions, availability and terms of financing, interest rates and other factors, including supply and demand for space, that are beyond our control. There may be less demand for lower quality properties that we have identified for ultimate disposition in markets with uncertain economic or retail environments, and where buyers are more reliant on the availability of third party mortgage financing. If we want to sell a property, we can provide no assurance that we will be able to dispose of it in the desired time period or at all or that the sales price of a property will be attractive at the relevant time or even exceed the carrying value of our investment.

Changes in tax laws could impact our acquisition or disposition of real estate.

Certain properties we own have a low tax basis, which may result in a meaningful taxable gain on sale. We utilize, and intend to continue to utilize, Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 like-kind exchanges to tax-efficiently buy and sell properties; however, there can be no assurance that we will identify properties that meet our investment objectives for acquisitions or that changes to the tax laws do not eliminate the benefits of effectuating 1031 exchanges, or significantly change the requirements for a transaction to qualify for 1031 exchange treatment. In the event that we cannot or do not utilize 1031 exchanges, we may be required to distribute the gain proceeds to shareholders or pay income tax, which may reduce our cash flow available to fund our commitments or other priorities.

Risk Factors Related to the Environment Affecting Our Properties

Climate change may adversely impact our properties directly and may lead to additional compliance obligations and costs as well as additional taxes and fees.

While we work with experts to plan for the impacts of climate change on our business, we cannot reliably predict the extent, rate, timing, or impact of climate change. To the extent climate change causes adverse changes in weather patterns, our properties in certain markets, especially those nearer to the coasts, may experience increases in storm frequency and intensity and rising sea‑levels. Further, population migration may occur in response to these or other factors and negatively impact our centers. For example, climate and other environmental changes may result in more unpredictable or decreased demand for retail space at certain of our properties, reduced rent or, in extreme cases, our inability to operate certain properties at all. Climate change may also have indirect effects on our business by increasing the cost of insurance or making insurance unavailable. While the federal government has not yet enacted comprehensive legislation to address climate change that would directly impact us, certain states in which we own and operate shopping centers, including California and New York, have done so. Compliance with these and future new laws or regulations related to climate change may require us to make additional investments in or for our existing properties, resulting in increased capital expenditures and operating costs, implement new or additional processes and controls to facilitate compliance, and/or pay additional energy, insurance, taxes and related fees and costs. At this time, there can be no assurance that we can anticipate all potential material impacts of climate change, or that climate change will not have a material adverse effect on the value of our properties and our financial performance in the future.

Geographic concentration of our properties makes our business more vulnerable to natural disasters, severe weather conditions and climate change.

A significant number of our properties are located in areas that are susceptible to earthquakes, tropical storms, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildfires, sea-level rise, and other natural disasters. At December 31, 2023, 18.7% of the GLA of our portfolio is located in the state of California, including a number of properties in the San Francisco Bay and Los Angeles areas. Additionally, 20.1% and 7.1% of the GLA of our portfolio is located in the states of Florida and Texas, respectively. Insurance costs for properties in these areas have increased significantly, and recent intense weather conditions may cause property insurance premiums to increase significantly in the future. We recognize that the frequency and / or intensity of extreme weather events, and other climatic changes may continue to increase, and as a result, our exposure to these events may increase. These weather conditions may disrupt our business and the business of our tenants, which may affect the ability of some tenants to pay rent and may reduce the willingness of tenants or residents to remain in or move to these affected areas. Therefore, as a result of the geographic concentration of our properties, we face risks, including disruptions to our business and the businesses of our tenants and higher costs, such as uninsured property losses, higher insurance premiums, and potential additional regulatory requirements by government agencies in response to perceived risks.

 

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Costs of environmental remediation may adversely impact our financial performance and reduce our cash flow.

Under various federal, state, and local laws, an owner or manager of real property may be liable for some or all the costs to assess and remediate the presence of hazardous substances on the property, which in our case most typically arise from current or former dry cleaners, gas stations, asbestos usage, and historic land use practices. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of hazardous substances, which may adversely impact our financial performance and reduce our cash flow. The presence of, or the failure to properly address the presence of, hazardous substances may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease the property or borrow using the property as collateral. We can provide no assurance that we are aware of all potential environmental liabilities or their ultimate cost to address; that our properties will not be affected by tenants or nearby properties or other unrelated third parties; and that future uses or conditions, or changes in environmental laws and regulations, or their interpretation, will not result in additional material environmental liabilities to us.

Risk Factors Related to Corporate Matters

An increased focus on metrics and reporting related to environmental, social and governance ("ESG") factors, may impose additional costs and expose us to new risks.

Investors have become more focused on understanding how companies address a variety of ESG factors. As they evaluate investment decisions, many investors look not only at company disclosures but also to ESG rating systems that have been developed by third parties to allow ESG comparisons between companies. Although we participate in a number of these ratings systems, we do not participate in all such systems, and may not score as well in all of the available ratings systems as other REITs and real estate operators. Further, the criteria used in these ratings systems may conflict with each other and change frequently, and we cannot guaranty that we will be able to score well in the future. We supplement our participation in ratings systems by disclosing on our website information about our ESG activities, but some investors may desire additional disclosures that we do not provide. In addition, the SEC is currently considering adopting new regulations that would impose additional ESG disclosure and other compliance requirements on us. California has adopted a number of climate disclosure laws which will increase our compliance costs and require us to make additional climate disclosures. Other states are considering legislation similar to California’s new laws. Failure to participate in certain of the third-party ratings systems, failure to score well in those ratings systems or failure to provide certain ESG disclosures could adversely impact us when investors compare us against similar companies in our industry, and could cause certain investors to be unwilling to invest in our stock, which could adversely impact our stock price and our ability to raise capital. In addition, failure to comply with new government climate and other ESG disclosure obligations could subject us to significant fines and penalties.

An uninsured loss or a loss that exceeds the insurance coverage on our properties may subject us to loss of capital and revenue on those properties.

We carry liability, fire, flood, terrorism, business interruption, and environmental insurance for our properties. Some types of losses, such as losses from named windstorms, earthquakes, terrorism, or wars may have more limited coverage, or in some cases, can be excluded from insurance coverage. In addition, it is possible that the availability of insurance coverage in certain areas may decrease in the future, and the cost to procure such insurance may increase due to factors beyond our control. As a result, we may reduce the insurance we procure or we may elect or be compelled to self-insure or otherwise assume some of this risk. Should a loss occur at any of our properties that is in excess of the property or casualty insurance limits of our policies, we may lose part or all of our invested capital and revenues from such property, which may have a material adverse impact on our operating results, financial condition, and our ability to make distributions to stock and unit holders.

Terrorist activities or violence occurring at our properties also may directly affect the value of our properties through damage, destruction or loss. Insurance for such acts may be unavailable or cost more resulting in an increase to our operating expenses and adversely affect our results of operations. To the extent that our tenants are affected by such attacks and threats of violence, their businesses may be adversely affected, including their ability to continue to meet obligations under their existing leases.

Failure to attract and retain key personnel may adversely affect our business and operations.

The success of our business depends, in significant part, on the leadership and performance of our executive management team and other key personnel, and our ability to attract, retain and motivate talented and diverse employees may significantly impact our future performance. Competition for these individuals is intense, and we cannot be assured that we will retain all of our executive management team and other key personnel or that we will be able to attract and retain other highly qualified individuals for these positions in the future. Losing any key personnel may have an adverse effect on us.

 

16


 

Risk Factors Related to Our Partnerships and Joint Ventures

We do not have voting control over all of the properties owned in our real estate partnerships and joint ventures, so we are unable to ensure that our objectives will be pursued.

We have invested substantial capital as a partner in a number of partnerships and joint ventures to acquire, own, lease, develop or redevelop properties. These activities are subject to the same risks as our investments in our wholly-owned properties. However, these investments, and other future similar investments may involve risks that would not be present were a third party not involved, including the possibility that partners or other owners might become bankrupt, suffer a deterioration in their creditworthiness, or fail to fund their share of required capital contributions. Partners or other owners may have economic or other business interests or goals that are inconsistent with our own business interests or goals, and may be in a position to take actions contrary to our policies or objectives.

These investments, and other future similar investments, also have the potential risk of creating impasses on decisions, such as a sale or financing, because neither we nor our partner or other owner has full control over the partnership or joint venture. Disputes between us and partners or other owners might result in a premature termination of the applicable partnership or joint venture, or potentially litigation or arbitration, that may increase our investment and related risk as well as our costs and expenses associated with the investment, and distract management from sufficiently focusing their time and efforts on others areas of our business. In addition, we risk the possibility of being held liable for the actions of our partners or other owners. These factors may limit the return that we receive from such investments or cause our cash flows to be lower than our estimates.

The termination of our partnerships may adversely affect our cash flow, operating results, and our ability to make distributions to stock and unit holders.

If partnerships owning a significant number of properties were dissolved for any reason, we could lose the asset, property management, leasing and construction management fees from these partnerships as well as the operating income of the properties, which may adversely affect our operating results and our cash available for distribution to stock and unit holders. Certain of our partnership operating agreements provide either member the ability to elect buy/sell clauses. The election of these dissolution provisions could require us to invest additional capital to acquire the partners’ interest or to sell our share of the property thereby losing the operating income and cash flow.

Risk Factors Related to Funding Strategies and Capital Structure

Our ability to sell properties and fund acquisitions and developments may be adversely impacted by higher market capitalization rates and lower NOI at our properties which may dilute earnings.

As part of our funding strategy, we sell properties that no longer meet our strategic objectives or investment standards and/or those with a limited future growth profile. These sales proceeds are used to fund debt repayment, acquisition of other properties, and new developments and redevelopments. An increase in market capitalization rates (which may or may not be driven by an increase in interest rates) or a decline in NOI may cause a reduction in the value of centers identified for sale, which would have an adverse impact on the amount of cash generated. Additionally, the sale of properties resulting in significant tax gains may require higher distributions to our stockholders or payment of additional income taxes in order to maintain our REIT status.

We depend on external sources of capital, which may not be available in the future on favorable terms or at all.

To qualify as a REIT, the Parent Company must, among other things, distribute to its stockholders each year at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (excluding any net capital gains). Because of these distribution requirements, we may not be able to fund all future capital needs with income from operations. In such instances, we would rely on third-party sources of capital, which may or may not be available on favorable terms or at all. Our access to third-party sources of capital depends on a number of things, including the market's perception of our growth potential and our current and potential future earnings. Our access to debt depends on our credit rating, the willingness of creditors to lend to us and conditions in the capital markets. In addition to finding lenders willing to lend to us, we are dependent upon our joint venture partners to contribute their pro rata share of any amount needed to repay or refinance existing debt when lenders reduce the amount of debt our partnerships and joint ventures are eligible to refinance.

In addition, our existing debt arrangements also impose covenants that limit our flexibility in obtaining other financing. Additional equity offerings may result in substantial dilution of stockholders' interests and additional debt financing may substantially increase our degree of leverage.

Without access to external sources of capital, we would be required to pay outstanding debt with our operating cash flows and proceeds from property sales. Our operating cash flows may not be sufficient to pay our outstanding debt as it comes due and real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly at a return we believe is appropriate. If we are required to deleverage our business

17


 

with operating cash flows and proceeds from property sales, we may be forced to reduce the amount of, or eliminate altogether, our distributions to stock and unit holders or refrain from making investments in our business.

Our debt financing may adversely affect our business and financial condition.

Our ability to make scheduled payments or to refinance our indebtedness will depend primarily on our future performance, which to a certain extent is subject to economic, financial, competitive and other factors beyond our control. In addition, we do not expect to generate sufficient operating cash flow to make balloon principal payments on our debt when due. If we are unable to refinance our debt on acceptable terms, we may be forced (i) to dispose of properties, which might result in losses, or (ii) to obtain financing at unfavorable terms, either of which may reduce the cash flow available for distributions to stock and unit holders. If we cannot make required mortgage loan payments, the mortgagee may foreclose on the property securing the mortgage.

Covenants in our debt agreements may restrict our operating activities and adversely affect our financial condition.

Our unsecured notes and unsecured line of credit (the "Line") contain customary covenants, including compliance with financial ratios, such as ratio of indebtedness to total asset value and fixed charge coverage ratio. These covenants may limit our operational flexibility and our investment activities. Moreover, if we breach any of the covenants in our debt agreements, and do not cure the breach within the applicable cure period, our lenders may require us to repay the debt immediately, even in the absence of a payment default. Many of our debt arrangements, including our unsecured notes and the Line, are cross-defaulted, which means that the lenders under those debt arrangements can require immediate repayment of their debt if we breach and fail to cure a default under certain of our other material debt obligations. As a result, any default under our debt covenants may have an adverse effect on our financial condition, our results of operations, our ability to meet our obligations, and the market value of our stock.

Increases in interest rates would cause our borrowing costs to rise and negatively impact our results of operations.

Although a significant amount of our outstanding debt has fixed interest rates, we do borrow funds at variable interest rates under our credit facility, and certain secured borrowings. As of December 31, 2023, less than 1.0% of our outstanding debt was variable rate debt not hedged to fixed rate debt. Increases in interest rates would increase our interest expense on any variable rate debt to the extent we have not hedged our exposure to changes in interest rates. In addition, increases in interest rates will affect the terms under which we refinance our existing debt as it matures, to the extent we have not hedged our exposure to changes in interest rates. This would reduce our future earnings and cash flows, which may adversely affect our ability to service our debt and meet our other obligations and also may reduce the amount we are able to distribute to our stock and unit holders.

Hedging activity may expose us to risks, including the risks that a counterparty will not perform and that the hedge will not yield the economic benefits we anticipate, which may adversely affect us.

We manage our exposure to interest rate volatility by using interest rate hedging arrangements. These arrangements involve risk, such as the risk that counterparties may fail to honor their obligations under these arrangements, and that these arrangements may not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes. There can be no assurance that our hedging arrangements will qualify for hedge accounting or that our hedging activities will have the desired beneficial impact on our results of operations. Should we desire to terminate a hedging arrangement, there may be significant costs and cash requirements involved to fulfill our obligations under the hedging arrangement. In addition, failure to effectively hedge against interest rate changes may adversely affect our results of operations.
 

Risk Factors Related to Information Management and Technology

The unauthorized access, use, theft or destruction of tenant or employee personal, financial or other data, or of Regency's proprietary or confidential information stored in our information systems or by third parties on our behalf could impact our reputation and brand and expose us to potential liabilities and adverse financial impact.

Many of our information technology systems (including the systems of our real estate partners and other third-party business partners and service providers, whether cloud-based or hosted in our servers) contain personal, financial or other information that is entrusted to us by our tenants and employees. Many of our information technology systems contain our proprietary information and other confidential information related to our business.

We are subject to attempts to compromise our information technology systems. To the extent we or a third party were to experience a material breach of our information technology systems that results in the unauthorized access, theft, use, destruction or other compromises of tenants' or employees' data or our confidential information stored in such systems, including through cyber-attacks such as ransomware, denial of service or other methods, such a breach may damage our reputation and cause us to lose tenants and employees, result in adverse financial impact, incur third party claims and cause disruption to our business and plans. Despite planning, preparation, and preventative measures, such attacks may be successful in the future and our business may be significantly

18


 

disrupted if unable to quickly recover. Such security breaches also could result in a violation of applicable U.S. privacy and other laws, and potentially subject us to litigation and governmental investigations and proceedings, any of which could result in our exposure to material civil or criminal liability, and we may not be able to recover these expenses from our service providers, responsible parties, or insurance carriers. Despite the ongoing significant investments in technology and training we make relating to cybersecurity, we can provide no assurance that we will avoid or prevent such breaches or attacks.

In addition, despite the implementation of security measures for our disaster recovery and business continuity plans, our information systems may be vulnerable to damage or other adverse impact from multiple sources other than cybersecurity risks, including computer viruses, energy blackouts, natural disasters, terrorism, war, and telecommunication failure. Any system failure or accident that causes disruption or interruptions to our information systems could result in a material disruption to our operations and business, and cause us to incur material costs to remedy such damages or adverse impacts.

The use of technology based on artificial intelligence presents risks relating to confidentiality, creation of inaccurate and flawed outputs and emerging regulatory risk, any or all of which may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

As with many technological innovations, artificial intelligence (“AI") presents great promise but also risks and challenges that could adversely affect our business. Sensitive, proprietary, or confidential information of the Company, our tenants and employees, could be leaked, disclosed, or revealed as a result of or in connection with the use of generative AI technologies by our employees or vendors. Any such information input into a third-party generative AI or machine learning platform could be revealed to others, including if information is used to train the third party's generative AI or machine learning models. Additionally, where a generative AI or machine learning model ingests personal information and makes connections using such data, those technologies may reveal other sensitive, proprietary, or confidential information generated by the model. Moreover, generative AI or machine learning models may create incomplete, inaccurate, or otherwise flawed outputs, some of which may appear correct. Due to these issues, these models could lead us to make flawed decisions that could result in adverse consequences to us, including exposure to reputational and competitive harm, customer loss, and legal liability. In addition, uncertainty in the legal regulatory regime relating to AI may require significant resources to modify and maintain business practices to comply with applicable law, the nature of which cannot be determined at this time. Several jurisdictions have already proposed or enacted laws governing AI. For example, on October 30, 2023, the Biden administration issued an Executive Order to, among other things, establish extensive new standards for AI safety and security. Other jurisdictions may decide to adopt similar or more restrictive legislation that may render the use of such technologies challenging. These obligations may prevent or limit our ability to use AI in our business, lead to regulatory fines or penalties, or require us to change our business practices. If we cannot use AI, or that use is restricted, our business may be less efficient, or we may be at a competitive disadvantage. Any of these factors could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Risk Factors Related to the Market Price for Our Securities

Changes in economic and market conditions may adversely affect the market price of our securities.

The market price of our debt and equity securities may fluctuate significantly in response to many factors, many of which are out of our control, including:

actual or anticipated variations in our operating results;
changes in our funds from operations or earnings estimates;
publication of research reports about us or the real estate industry in general and recommendations by financial analysts or actions taken by rating agencies with respect to our securities or those of other REITs;
increases in market interest rates that drive investors in, or potential purchasers of, our stock to seek other investments or demand a higher dividend yield;
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
adverse market reaction to any additional debt we incur in the future;
any future issuances of equity securities;
additions or departures of key management personnel;
strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;
actions by institutional stockholders;
reports by corporate governance rating companies;
increased investor focus on sustainability-related risks, including climate change;
changes in our dividend payments;
potential tax law changes relating to REITs;
speculation in the press or investment community; and
general market and economic conditions.

19


 

These factors may cause the market price of our securities to decline, regardless of our financial condition, results of operations, business or prospects. It is impossible to ensure that the market price of our securities, including our common stock, will not fall in the future. A decrease in the market price of our common stock may reduce our ability to raise additional equity capital in the public markets. Selling common stock at a decreased market price would have a dilutive impact on existing stockholders.

There is no assurance that we will continue to pay dividends at current or historical rates.

Our ability to continue to pay dividends at current or historical rates or to increase our dividend rate will depend on a number of factors, including, among others, the following:

our financial condition and results of future operations;
the terms of our loan covenants; and
our ability to acquire, finance, develop or redevelop and lease additional properties at attractive rates.

If we do not maintain or periodically increase the dividend on our common stock, it may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and other securities.

Risk Factors Related to Taxes and the Parent the Company's Qualification as a REIT

If the Parent Company fails to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, it would be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates.

We believe that the Parent Company qualifies for taxation as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, and we plan to operate so that the Parent Company can continue to meet the requirements for taxation as a REIT. If the Parent Company continues to qualify as a REIT, it generally will not be subject to federal income tax on income that we distribute to our stockholders. Many REIT requirements, however, are highly technical and complex. The determination that the Parent Company is a REIT requires an analysis of various factual matters and circumstances, some of which may not be totally within our control and some of which involve questions of interpretation. For example, to qualify as a REIT, at least 95% of our gross income must come from specific passive sources, like rent, that are itemized in the REIT tax laws. There can be no assurance that the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") or a court would agree with the positions we have taken in interpreting the REIT requirements. The Parent Company is also required to distribute to the stockholders at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gains. The Parent Company will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on undistributed taxable income and net capital gains and to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on any amount by which distributions the Parent Company pays with respect to any calendar year are less than the sum of 85% of our ordinary income, 95% of our capital gain net income and 100% of our undistributed income from prior years. The fact that we hold many of our assets through real estate partnerships and their subsidiaries further complicates the application of the REIT requirements. Furthermore, Congress and the IRS might make changes to the tax laws and regulations, and the courts might issue new rulings, that make it more difficult for the Parent Company to remain qualified as a REIT.

Also, unless the IRS granted relief under certain statutory provisions, the Parent Company would remain disqualified as a REIT for four years following the year it first failed to qualify. If the Parent Company failed to qualify as a REIT (currently and/or with respect to any tax years for which the statute of limitations has not expired), the Parent Company would have to pay significant income taxes, reducing cash available to pay dividends, which would likely have a significant adverse effect on the value of our securities. In addition, we would no longer be required to pay any dividends to stockholders in order to maintain our REIT status. Although we believe that the Parent Company qualifies as a REIT, we cannot be assured that the Parent Company will continue to qualify or remain qualified as a REIT for tax purposes.

Even if the Parent Company qualifies as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, the Parent Company is required to pay certain federal, state, and local taxes on its income and property. For example, if we have net income from "prohibited transactions," that income will be subject to a 100% tax. In general, prohibited transactions include sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. The determination as to whether a particular sale is a prohibited transaction depends on the facts and circumstances related to that sale. While we have undertaken a significant number of asset sales in recent years, we do not believe that those sales should be considered prohibited transactions, but there can be no assurance that the IRS would not contend otherwise.

New legislation, as well as new regulations, administrative interpretations, or court decisions may be introduced, enacted, or promulgated from time to time, that may change the tax laws or interpretations of the tax laws regarding qualification as a REIT, or the federal income tax consequences of that qualification, in a manner that is adverse to our stockholders.

Dividends paid by REITs generally do not qualify for reduced tax rates.

Subject to limited exceptions, dividends paid by REITs (other than distributions designated as capital gain dividends, qualified dividends or returns of capital) are not eligible for reduced rates for qualified dividends paid by "C" corporations and are taxable at ordinary income tax rates. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "TCJA"), however, domestic shareholders that are individuals, trusts, and estates generally may deduct up to 20% of the ordinary dividends (e.g., dividends not designated as capital gain dividends or qualified dividend income) received from a REIT for taxable years beginning after December 3, 2017, and before

20


 

January 1, 2026. Although these rules do not adversely affect the taxation of REITs or dividends payable by REITs, investors who are individuals, trusts and estates may perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stocks of non-REIT corporations that pay dividends, which may adversely affect the value of the shares of REITs, including the per share trading price of the Parent Company's capital stock.

Certain foreign stockholders may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gain recognized on a disposition of our common stock if we do not qualify as a "domestically controlled" REIT.

A foreign person, other than a "qualified shareholder" or a "qualified foreign pension fund," as each is defined for purposes of the Code, disposing of a U.S. real property interest, including shares of a U.S. corporation whose assets consist principally of U.S. real property interests is generally subject to U.S. federal income tax on the gain recognized on the disposition. This tax does not apply, however, to the disposition of stock in a REIT if the REIT is "domestically controlled." In general, the Parent Company will be a domestically controlled REIT if, at all times during the five-year period ending on the applicable stockholder’s disposition of our stock, less than 50% in value of our stock was held directly or indirectly by non-U.S. persons. If the Parent Company were to fail to qualify as a domestically controlled REIT, gain recognized by a foreign stockholder on a disposition of our common stock would be subject to U.S. federal income tax unless our common stock was traded on an established securities market and the foreign stockholder did not at any time during a specified testing period directly or indirectly own more than 10% of our outstanding common stock.

We seek to act in the best interests of the Parent Company as a whole and do not take into consideration the particular tax consequences to any specific holder of our stock. Foreign persons should inform themselves as to the U.S. tax consequences, and the tax consequences within the countries of their citizenship, residence, domicile, and place of business, with respect to the purchase, ownership, and disposition of shares of our common stock.

Legislative or other actions affecting REITs may have a negative effect on us or our investors.

The rules dealing with federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process and by the IRS and the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Changes to the tax laws, with or without retroactive application, may adversely affect the Parent Company or our investors. We cannot predict how changes in the tax laws might affect the Parent Company or our investors. New legislation, Treasury Regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly and negatively affect our ability to qualify as a REIT or the federal income tax consequences of such qualification, or the federal income tax consequences of an investment in us. There is also a risk that REIT status may be adversely impacted by a change in tax or other laws. Also, the law relating to the tax treatment of other entities, or an investment in other entities, may change, making an investment in such other entities more attractive relative to an investment in a REIT.

Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.

The REIT provisions of the Code limit our ability to hedge our liabilities. Generally, income from a hedging transaction does not constitute "gross income" for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests, provided that we properly identify the hedging transaction pursuant to the applicable sections of the Code and Treasury Regulations. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, or fail to make the proper tax identifications, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of both gross income tests. As a result of these rules, we may need to limit our use of otherwise advantageous hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS.

Partnership tax audit rules could have a material adverse effect.

Under current federal partnership tax audit rules, subject to certain exceptions, any audit adjustment to items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership (and a partner’s allocable share thereof) is determined, and taxes, interest, and penalties attributable thereto are assessed and collected, at the partnership level. With respect to any partnership in which we invest, unless such partnership makes an election or takes certain steps to require the partners to pay their tax on their allocable shares of the adjustment, it is possible that such partnership would be required to pay additional taxes, interest, and penalties as a result of an audit adjustment. We could be required to bear the economic burden of those taxes, interest, and penalties even though we may not otherwise have been required to pay additional taxes had we owned the assets of the partnership directly.

Risk Factors Related to the Company's Common Stock

Restrictions on the ownership of the Parent Company's capital stock to preserve its REIT status may delay or prevent a change in control.

Ownership of more than 7% by value of our outstanding capital stock is prohibited, with certain exceptions, by the Parent Company's articles of incorporation, for the purpose of maintaining its qualification as a REIT. This 7% limitation may discourage a change in control and may also (i) deter tender offers for our capital stock, which offers may be attractive to our stockholders, or (ii) limit the opportunity for our stockholders to receive a premium for their capital stock that might otherwise exist if an investor attempted to assemble a block in excess of 7% of our outstanding capital stock or to affect a change in control.

 

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The issuance of the Parent Company's capital stock may delay or prevent a change in control.

The Parent Company's articles of incorporation authorize our Board of Directors to issue up to 30,000,000 shares of preferred stock (less the shares of preferred stock already issued and outstanding) and 10,000,000 shares of special common stock and to establish the preferences and rights of any shares issued. The issuance of preferred stock or special common stock may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control. The provisions of the Florida Business Corporation Act regarding affiliated transactions may also deter potential acquisitions by preventing the acquiring party from consummating a merger or other extraordinary corporate transaction without the approval of our disinterested stockholders.

Ownership in the Parent Company may be diluted in the future.

In the future, a stockholder's percentage ownership in the Company may be diluted because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or other corporate purposes, including equity awards we will grant to our directors, officers and employees. In the past we have issued equity in the secondary market and may do so again in the future, depending on the price of our stock and other factors.

In addition, our restated articles of incorporation, as amended, authorizes our Board of Directors to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred stock having such preferences, limitations, and relative rights, including preferences over our common stock respecting dividends and distributions, as our Board of Directors generally may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred stock could dilute the voting power or reduce the value of our common stock. For example, we could grant the holders of preferred stock the right to elect some number of our directors in all events or on the happening of specified events or the right to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we could assign to holders of preferred stock could affect the residual value of the common stock.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 1C. Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity Risk Management and Strategy

The Company employs a tiered structure of management and oversight for cybersecurity, characterized by distinct layers of responsibility and decision making, which includes operation staff, management, and senior management and board-level governance. As discussed in more detail below under “Cybersecurity Governance”, this involves management responsibility through a specialized Cyber Risk Committee (the “CRC”) and oversight of that committee by a group of the most senior leaders of the Company, which comprise the Company’s Executive Committee. At the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) level, the Audit Committee oversees our cybersecurity risk management program.

Our strategy for managing cybersecurity risk is integrated into the Company’s overall risk management program and structure, as depicted in the Corporate Governance section of our Proxy under “Risk Oversight”.

The Company, through its Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”), other Company employees experienced in information network security, and the use of third-party expertise, references various recognized cybersecurity frameworks. These frameworks are used to benchmark and tailor the Company’s cybersecurity strategies and program to our risk profile and specific operational needs and goals. Our core cybersecurity strategy focuses on five key pillars: identification, protection, detection, response, and recovery, each tailored to meet the specific challenges and needs of our business. The primary goal of this strategy is to proactively safeguard the confidentiality, security, and availability of the information we collect and store. This proactive approach includes identifying, preventing, and mitigating cybersecurity threats, as well as preparing to respond to cybersecurity incidents quickly and efficiently to minimize their impact. Under the leadership of our CISO and CRC, we are committed to a continuous evaluation and enhancement of our cybersecurity practices to facilitate adaptation to the constantly evolving landscape of cybersecurity threats.

We have adopted a risk-based strategy to manage cybersecurity risks associated with third parties. We prioritize our cybersecurity efforts relating to third parties based on the likelihood and potential impact of cybersecurity threats. This includes reviewing the security protocols of key vendors, service providers, and external users of our systems.

The CRC engages third-party expertise from time to time as it deems necessary or appropriate to test our cybersecurity defenses, to evaluate the cybersecurity programs of current and potential vendors and service providers, and to seek specialized legal advice regarding cybersecurity.

Since at least January 1, 2021, we are not aware of any cybersecurity incidents that have materially affected the Company. Based on our current understanding of the cyber risk environment and our preparedness level, we do not believe it to be reasonably likely in the near term that a cybersecurity threat will materially impact our business strategy, results of operations or financial condition.

 

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Cybersecurity Governance

The Audit Committee of the Board is charged with overseeing our cybersecurity risk management program. The CRC Chair and the CISO provide the Audit Committee with quarterly updates. These updates cover the overall status of the Company’s cybersecurity program, as well as developments and potential new risks and trends. In the event of a significant cybersecurity threat or incident, the CRC would escalate communication frequency and intensity with the Audit Committee, Board, and the Company’s Executive Committee (discussed below).

As designated by the Company’s Executive Committee and the Audit Committee, our CRC leads Regency's cybersecurity risk management program. This includes risk identification, assessment, management, prevention and mitigation, as well as securing necessary resources and reporting on cybersecurity preparedness to the Executive Committee (which is currently comprised of the CEO, CFO, and several of the Company’s other senior leaders) and the Audit Committee.

CRC membership, which is subject to change from time to time, includes management leadership possessing a diverse range of education, experience and expertise, and is currently comprised of Company’s CISO, chief accounting officer, head of internal audit, general counsel and chief compliance officer, head of litigation, head of human resources, head of IT operations and the manager of network security. The collective experience of this committee encompasses areas such as IT, network security, change and incident management, public company governance, accounting, financial controls, insurance, risk management, communications, human capital, and legal matters including securities, privacy and technology contracting.

 

 

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Item 2. Properties

The following table is a list of our shopping centers, summarized by state and in order of largest holdings by number of properties, presented for consolidated properties (excludes properties owned by unconsolidated real estate partnerships):

 

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

 

December 31, 2022

 

Location

 

Number of
Properties

 

 

GLA (in
thousands)

 

 

Percent of
Total GLA

 

 

Percent
Leased

 

 

Number of
Properties

 

 

GLA (in
thousands)

 

 

Percent of
Total GLA

 

 

Percent
Leased

 

Florida

 

 

88

 

 

 

10,767

 

 

 

24.6

%

 

 

95.1

%

 

 

88

 

 

 

10,783

 

 

 

27.8

%

 

 

95.1

%

California

 

 

54

 

 

 

8,300

 

 

 

19.0

%

 

 

94.9

%

 

 

53

 

 

 

8,204

 

 

 

21.1

%

 

 

93.9

%

Connecticut

 

 

43

 

 

 

3,702

 

 

 

8.5

%

 

 

92.5

%

 

 

14

 

 

 

1,452

 

 

 

3.7

%

 

 

91.1

%

New York

 

 

42

 

 

 

3,399

 

 

 

7.8

%

 

 

88.7

%

 

 

16

 

 

 

1,953

 

 

 

5.0

%

 

 

89.0

%

Texas

 

 

26

 

 

 

3,288

 

 

 

7.5

%

 

 

97.3

%

 

 

25

 

 

 

3,239

 

 

 

8.3

%

 

 

98.0

%

Georgia

 

 

22

 

 

 

2,121

 

 

 

4.8

%

 

 

94.2

%

 

 

22

 

 

 

2,120

 

 

 

5.5

%

 

 

92.9

%

New Jersey

 

 

17

 

 

 

1,585

 

 

 

3.6

%

 

 

93.3

%

 

 

2

 

 

 

573

 

 

 

1.5

%

 

 

89.2

%

Colorado

 

 

13

 

 

 

1,097

 

 

 

2.5

%

 

 

97.7

%

 

 

13

 

 

 

1,097

 

 

 

2.8

%

 

 

96.6

%

North Carolina

 

 

10

 

 

 

1,221

 

 

 

2.8

%

 

 

98.1

%

 

 

10

 

 

 

1,222

 

 

 

3.2

%

 

 

98.2

%

Washington

 

 

10

 

 

 

962

 

 

 

2.2

%

 

 

96.0

%

 

 

10

 

 

 

963

 

 

 

2.5

%

 

 

97.3

%

Massachusetts

 

 

9

 

 

 

996

 

 

 

2.3

%

 

 

98.5

%

 

 

8

 

 

 

897

 

 

 

2.3

%

 

 

97.6

%

Ohio

 

 

8

 

 

 

1,221

 

 

 

2.8

%

 

 

98.8

%

 

 

8

 

 

 

1,224

 

 

 

3.2

%

 

 

96.7

%

Oregon

 

 

7

 

 

 

741

 

 

 

1.7

%

 

 

95.0

%

 

 

7

 

 

 

742

 

 

 

1.9

%

 

 

94.6

%

Illinois

 

 

6

 

 

 

1,085

 

 

 

2.5

%

 

 

94.1

%

 

 

6

 

 

 

1,085

 

 

 

2.8

%

 

 

94.9

%

Virginia

 

 

6

 

 

 

939

 

 

 

2.1

%

 

 

97.7

%

 

 

6

 

 

 

939

 

 

 

2.4

%

 

 

93.4

%

Pennsylvania

 

 

4

 

 

 

443

 

 

 

1.0

%

 

 

99.5

%

 

 

4

 

 

 

443

 

 

 

1.1

%

 

 

98.7

%

Missouri

 

 

4

 

 

 

408

 

 

 

0.9

%

 

 

98.9

%

 

 

4

 

 

 

408

 

 

 

1.1

%

 

 

99.5

%

Tennessee

 

 

3

 

 

 

314

 

 

 

0.7

%

 

 

99.5

%

 

 

3

 

 

 

314

 

 

 

0.8

%

 

 

99.1

%

Maryland

 

 

2

 

 

 

244

 

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

89.9

%

 

 

2

 

 

 

250

 

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

94.4

%

Minnesota

 

 

2

 

 

 

246

 

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

2

 

 

 

246