Company Quick10K Filing
Resideo Technologies
Price13.46 EPS0
Shares123 P/E27
MCap1,661 P/FCF-24
Net Debt1,121 EBIT148
TEV2,782 TEV/EBIT19
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-25
10-Q 2020-09-26 Filed 2020-11-05
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-04
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-07
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-27
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-06
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-07
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-08
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-18
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-13
8-K 2020-11-16
8-K 2020-11-05
8-K 2020-10-13
8-K 2020-08-04
8-K 2020-07-28
8-K 2020-06-08
8-K 2020-05-27
8-K 2020-05-16
8-K 2020-05-06
8-K 2020-04-21
8-K 2020-03-18
8-K 2020-02-26
8-K 2020-01-06
8-K 2019-11-29
8-K 2019-11-26
8-K 2019-11-06
8-K 2019-10-21
8-K 2019-08-07
8-K 2019-06-12
8-K 2019-05-08
8-K 2019-03-07
8-K 2019-02-11
8-K 2019-01-15
8-K 2018-11-13
8-K 2018-10-28
8-K 2018-10-14
8-K 2018-10-10
8-K 2018-10-04

REZI 10K Annual Report

Part I.
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II.
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1. Organization, Operations and Basis of Presentation
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Earnings per Share
Note 4. Acquisitions
Note 5. Related Party Transactions with Honeywell
Note 6. Revenue Recognition
Note 7. Restructuring Charges
Note 8. Other Expense, Net
Note 9. Income Taxes
Note 10. Accounts Receivable - Net
Note 11. Inventories - Net
Note 12. Property, Plant and Equipment - Net
Note 13. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets - Net
Note 14. Accrued Liabilities
Note 15. Long - Term Debt and Credit Agreement
Note 16. Leases
Note 17. Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measures
Note 18. Stock - Based Compensation Plans
Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 20. Pension
Note 21. Segment Financial Data
Note 22. Geographic Areas - Financial Data
Note 23. Unaudited Quarterly Financial Information
Note 24. Subsequent Events
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III.
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV.
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-2.1 rezi-ex21_16.htm
EX-2.11 rezi-ex211_3381.htm
EX-4.1 rezi-ex41_4174.htm
EX-21.1 rezi-ex211_3594.htm
EX-23.1 rezi-ex231_3793.htm
EX-24.1 rezi-ex241_3882.htm
EX-31.1 rezi-ex311_13.htm
EX-31.2 rezi-ex312_9.htm
EX-32.1 rezi-ex321_18.htm
EX-32.2 rezi-ex322_8.htm

Resideo Technologies Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.08.06.04.02.00.02016201720182020
Assets, Equity
1.31.00.70.50.2-0.12016201720182020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12016201720182020
Ops, Inv, Fin

rezi-10k_20201231.htm
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ______ to _____

Commission File Number 001-38635

Resideo Technologies, Inc.

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

82-5318796

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

901 E. 6th Street

Austin, Texas

 

 

 

    78702

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (512) 726-3500

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:

Trading Symbol:

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

REZI

New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under section 404(b) of the Sarbanes Oxley Act (15 U.S.C 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, based on the closing price of the shares of common stock on the New York Stock Exchange as of June 30, 2020, was $1.6 billion.

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share as of February 19, 2021 was 143,139,475 shares.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A in connection with the registrant’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed subsequent to the date hereof, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K. Such proxy statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days following the end of the registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Item

 

Page

 

 

 

 

Part I.

1.

Business

3

 

 

 

 

 

1A.

Risk Factors

8

 

 

 

 

 

1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

20

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Properties

21

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Legal Proceedings

21

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

21

 

 

 

 

Part II.

5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

22

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Selected Financial Data

23

 

 

 

 

 

7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

 

 

 

 

 

7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

42

 

 

 

 

 

8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

42

 

 

 

 

 

9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

87

 

 

 

 

 

9A.

Controls and Procedures

87

 

 

 

 

 

9B.

Other Information

88

 

 

 

 

Part III.

10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

88

 

 

 

 

 

11.

Executive Compensation

88

 

 

 

 

 

12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

88

 

 

 

 

 

13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

88

 

 

 

 

 

14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

88

 

 

 

 

Part IV.

15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

89

 

 

 

 

 

16.

Form 10-K Summary

93

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

94

 

  

 

 

 

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

PART I.

Item 1.

Business

In this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context otherwise dictates, references to “Resideo”, “the Company”, “we,” “us” or “our” means Resideo Technologies, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

This Annual Report includes industry and market data that we obtained from various third-party industry and market data sources. While we believe the projections of the industry sources referenced in this Annual Report are reasonable, forecasts based upon such data involve inherent uncertainties, and actual results are subject to change based upon various factors beyond our control. All such industry data is available publicly or for purchase and was not commissioned specifically for us. While we are not aware of any misstatements regarding any market, industry or similar data presented herein, forecasts based upon such data involve inherent uncertainties, and actual results regarding the subject matter of such forecasts are subject to change based upon various factors, including those beyond our control and those discussed under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements” in this Annual Report.

On October 29, 2018, we separated from Honeywell International Inc. (“Honeywell”), becoming an independent publicly traded company as a result of a pro rata distribution of our common stock to shareholders of Honeywell (the “Spin-Off”). The Spin-Off is further described in Note 1. Organization, Operations and Basis of Presentation of Notes to the Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Form 10-K. Our common stock began trading “regular way” under the ticker symbol “REZI” on the NYSE on October 29, 2018.

Description of Business

Resideo is a leading global manufacturer and developer of technology-driven products and solutions that provide critical comfort, residential thermal and security solutions to over 150 million homes globally. We are also the leading wholesale distributor of low-voltage security products including intrusion, access control and video products and participates significantly in the broader related markets of smart home, fire, power, audio, ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity, and structured wiring products. We have a global footprint serving commercial and residential end markets. Our primary focus is on the professional channel where we are a trusted partner to over 110,000 professional installers. Our global scale, breadth of product offerings, innovation heritage, and differentiated service and support has enabled our trusted relationship with professional installers and has been a key driver of our success. Leveraging our underlying strengths, we are transforming our business with a strategy that includes operational improvements, product innovation, and investments to drive future growth and value creation. We believe our large presence in the home, both on the wall and behind the wall, positions us well for the value and convenience consumers will expect out of the connected home in the future.

We operate in large markets that sit at the intersection of multiple secular growth trends. We believe the increased desire for critical comfort, residential thermal and security solutions in the home, combined with the long-term impacts of working from home, are driving investment in the home both in terms of time and dollars. We believe our total addressable market represents approximately a $114 billion inclusive of $27 billion for our comfort, residential thermal solutions and security, and $88 billion for distribution of low-voltage security products and additional adjacent products, including intrusion and smart home, fire, video surveillance, access control, power, audio and video, ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity and structured wiring. At the same time, the ability to better understand the functioning of a home through sensors, controls and connectivity has created a large and fast-growing connected home market. According to Statista, the global connected home market is expected to grow at a 16% compounded annual growth rate from $80 billion in 2019 to $195 billion in 2025. To date, we believe this market has been primarily composed of point products and services from a wide variety of industry participants, creating significant complexity for consumers. Given this complexity, we believe a significant opportunity exists to provide products, solutions and services to consumers and professional installers that integrate the disparate sensors, systems and controls inside the home, and enable differentiated insight.

Our meaningful presence in the home derived from our broad portfolio of products and our focus on the professional installer, combined with our service-focused global distribution footprint, positions us well to take advantage of this significant market opportunity. We deliver value to our professional customers via two business

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

segments, Products & Solutions and ADI Global Distribution, which respectively contributed 41.8% and 58.2% of our net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Products & Solutions: Our comfort, security and energy products and solutions have a presence in over 150 million homes globally and benefit from the trusted, well-established Honeywell Home brand as well as key branded offerings such as Resideo, Braukmann, and others. Our offerings include temperature and humidity control, thermal water and air solutions, as well as security panels, sensors, peripherals, wire and cable, communications devices, video cameras, awareness solutions, cloud infrastructure, installation and maintenance tools, and related software. We are a leading player across the majority of our product categories with 15 million systems installed annually. Through our whole home presence on the wall and behind the wall, we are an enabler of home connectivity with approximately 6.7 million connected customers via our software solutions. Our connected solutions harness this data to provide control, visibility, insights, and alerts to the end user. Our comprehensive product suite has also allowed us to develop and sustain a long-standing partnership with professional installers who have relied on our selection and availability of products and configured solutions to help them succeed for over 100 years. Our broad portfolio of innovative products is delivered through a comprehensive network of over 110,000 professional contractors, more than 3,000 distributors and over 1,200 original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), as well as major retailers and online merchants.

ADI Global Distribution: Our ADI Global Distribution segment is the leading wholesale distributor of low-voltage security products including intrusion, access control and video products, and participates significantly in the broader related markets of smart home, fire, access control, power, audio, ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity, and structured wiring products. Through nearly 200 stocking locations in 17 countries, ADI Global Distribution distributes more than 350,000 products from over 1,000 manufacturers to a customer base of over 100,000 contractors and is independently recognized for superior customer service. We believe this global footprint gives us distinct scale and network advantages in our core products over our competitors. Further, we believe our customers derive great value from the advice and recommendations of our knowledgeable design specialists, allowing our customers to better meet the technical and systems integration expertise requirements to install and service professional security systems. We continue to be a leader in the industry with value-added services including presales system design, 24/7 order pick-up, and the selective introduction of new product categories such as professional audio-visual.

Our industries and markets are highly competitive in both our Products & Solutions and ADI Global Distribution segments, where we compete with global, national, regional and local providers for our products, services and solutions, including manufacturers, distributors, service providers, retailers and online commerce providers, as well as newer entrants to the market with non-traditional business and customer service models or disruptive technologies and products, including cable, telecommunications, and large technology companies competing in the connected home space.

Factors influencing our competitive position in the industry include product and service innovation, our reputation and the reputation of our brands, sales and marketing programs, product performance, reliability and warranty, quality and breadth of product training and events, product availability, speed and accuracy of delivery, service and price, technical support, and credit availability.

Our management team has significant experience and a track record of leading tech-enabled businesses, developing best-in-class products, and executing organizational change. This team is focused on ingraining a culture of continuous improvement into our organization with the goal of lowering costs, increasing margins and positioning the Company for growth. Leveraging the Company’s presence in the home and its relationship with professional installers, management has reorganized the Products & Solutions business to enhance focus and collaboration across business lines and segments.

With this ongoing transformation underway, we believe we are well-positioned to execute on our growth strategy across both of our segments. Our strategy in Products & Solutions is focused on accelerating our product innovation, expanding our presence in the home and buildings, and over time, enabling connected ecosystems grounded in relationships with professional installers. Our ADI Global Distribution growth strategy is focused on increasing our omni-channel presence to grow our customer base, expanding into adjacent growth markets, and continuing to enhance our value-add services to support our professional installers’ efficiency and profitability.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Materials and Suppliers

Purchased materials in our manufacture of products include copper, steel, aluminum, plastics, printed circuit boards, semiconductors and passive electronics. Purchased materials cover a wide range of supplier value-add, from raw materials and single components to subassemblies and complete finished goods, and there are considerable expenditures on both commercial off-the-shelf and make-to-print items. Although execution of material substitutions or supplier changes may be resource intensive, alternatives usually exist in the event that a supplier becomes unable to provide material. Unforeseen shortages and supply disruptions occur from time to time but are typically manageable such that adverse impact to customers can be avoided. Raw material price fluctuations, the ability of key suppliers to meet quality and delivery requirements, and catastrophic events can increase the cost of our products and services, and impact our ability to meet commitments to customers.

Regulatory and Environmental Compliance and Regulatory Capital Expenditures

We are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign government requirements relating to environmental health and safety protection standards and permitting, labeling and other requirements regarding, among other things, electronic and wireless communications, air emissions, wastewater discharges, the use, handling, and disposal of hazardous or toxic materials, remediation of environmental contamination, data privacy, consumer protection, licensing, working conditions for and compensation of our employees and others. The Company’s businesses may also be affected by changes in governmental regulation of energy efficiency and conservation standards, product safety regulations, and consumer privacy and protection regulations. These and other laws and regulations impact the manner in which the Company conducts its business, and changes in legislation or government policies can affect the Company’s worldwide operations, both favorably and unfavorably. For a more detailed description of the various laws and regulations that affect the Company’s business, see Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

The Company’s efforts to comply with numerous federal, state, and local laws and regulations applicable to its business and products often results in capital expenditures. As of December 31, 2020, we have recorded a liability for environmental investigation and remediation of approximately $22 million related to sites owned and operated by Resideo. The Company makes capital expenditures to design and upgrade its products to comply with or exceed standards applicable to the industries in which it competes. The Company’s ongoing environmental compliance programs also results in capital expenditures. Regulatory and environmental considerations are a part of all significant capital expenditure decisions; however, expenditures in 2020 related solely to regulatory compliance were not material. It is management’s opinion that the amount of any future capital expenditures related to compliance with any individual regulation or grouping of related regulations will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial results or competitive position in any one year. See Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for further discussion of environmental matters.

Human Capital

As of December 31, 2020, we employed approximately 14,700 employees in 32 countries. Approximately 3,100 employees were located in the United States, and the remaining 11,600 employees were located primarily in Mexico, the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom. Approximately 160 employees in the U.S. were subject to collective bargaining with approximately 1,270 employees outside of the U.S. subject to collective bargaining. We believe overall our relations with our workforce are good. 

Health and Safety: The Company’s commitment to providing a safe and healthy workplace for all employees continued throughout 2020 and was further heightened by the challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the pandemic, we took numerous actions to protect the health and safety of our employees, visitors and customers. These actions included formation of a response team, contact tracing and tracking of exposure and positive cases, enhanced cleaning protocols, moving to work from home where possible, suspension of most business travel and in-person meetings, the purchase of face coverings, gloves, hand sanitizer, and hand held scanning devices, installation of thermal scanners at our manufacturing sites, installation of floor demarcations and plastic shields in our ADI Global Distribution branches and on manufacturing lines, weekly internal audits, external audits of select sites, leasing of additional vans to permit distancing where we provide transportation to employees,

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

daily symptom self-assessments, curbside and contactless pickup in many locations, enhanced employee benefits, COVID-19 testing, and policies requiring face coverings and physical distancing.  

At the end of 2020, our global Total Case Incident Rate (“TCIR”) (the number of occupational injuries and illnesses per 100 employees) was 0.28, significantly lower than the North American Industry Classification System injury rate for Automatic Environmental Controls of 1.7 (as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics). We monitor our safety through a balanced scorecard of key performance indicators. In addition to reactive incident management investigation and root cause analysis indicators, we measure and analyze the data generated from our hazard observation, designated Health, Safety, and Environment Internal Department (“HSE”) inspections by line managers and internal audit programs by accredited HSE lead auditors to provide insights and intelligence that help us proactively mitigate issues before they result in incidents. 

Total Rewards: Our primary reward strategy is ensuring “pay-for-performance” on an annual basis, as well as over the long term, which drives a mindset of accountability and productivity. Our compensation guiding principles are to structure compensation that is simple, aligned and balanced. We structure and administer our Rewards programs in a manner consistent with good governance practices. We believe that the interests of employees must be aligned with our shareholders. To that end, in 2020 we launched an employee stock purchase plan and expanded the use of stock-based incentives to encourage managers to think like owners of Resideo. We provide comprehensive, competitive and contemporary benefits that recognize the diversity of our workforce and are designed to meet the varying needs of our employees and promote choice. Our package includes generous paid time off, flexible work schedules, education assistance programs and more. We believe the combination of our competitive pay-for-performance compensation programs and our comprehensive benefit programs demonstrate our commitment to a compelling total rewards value proposition for our employees.

In April 2020, we took the necessary steps to weather the COVID-19 crisis with several cost saving programs including temporary payroll savings, furloughs, and reduced work schedules. Where employee agreement was necessary, an overwhelming majority of employees joined their worldwide colleagues in supporting this effort to help the Company preserve business continuity. In December 2020, we announced a special year-end bonus payable to current employees who had been directly impacted by COVID-19 cost saving actions, in an amount generally comparable to the financial impact of the cost savings actions.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion: In 2020, we adopted a revised Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion statement, through which we aspire to be a company where employees are empowered to bring their whole, authentic selves to work each day. We work to advance this mission by actively reaching out to people of diverse backgrounds and experiences to join our teams and nurturing an inclusive culture. We maintain employee resource groups across six categories: Women, LGBTQIA+, Black, Latino, Veterans, and People with Differing Abilities. Each group is sponsored and supported by a senior leader of the company. We encourage our hiring managers and recruiters to build a network of diverse talent. Our diversity outreach includes reaching out to all categories of diversity job boards, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities (“HBCUs”). Diversity is a key component of service level agreements we maintain with our recruiting process outsourcing (“RPO”) partners to ensure they are accountable and meet our sourcing standards. Our corporate functions and business units continue to track and report on progress with respect to our diversity and inclusion initiatives.

Talent Acquisition, Management and Development: We have a robust recruiting model to attract all levels of talent across the regions where we operate. In 2020, our average time to fill open roles was 35 days, and we hired 6,700 employees, of which approximately 5,600 were production workers. We expanded our virtual interviewing platforms and onboarding experience to mitigate COVID-19 risk. Internally, strategic talent reviews and succession planning occur on an annual basis, globally and across all business areas.

We strongly value feedback from our employees and launched a revised Employee Voice Survey in 2020. This survey allows each function in our company to see its ratings across three levers: Motivation, Ability, and Knowledge of Expectations. Our score for the first cycle was 7.8 on a 10-point scale, with an Employee Net Promoter score of 25 on a scale ranging from -100 to +100 (based on industry standards for Employee Net Promoter score, any score above 10 is considered good). While we are pleased with these results, there is still room for improvement, and each sub-organization has been tasked with creating an action plan based on feedback received.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

We recognize that a key facet of an effective and high performing team is the quality of the people manager. This year we introduced a new initiative, the People Manager Certification, to equip managers with an understanding of Resideos expectations for managers. The certification includes trainings in the skills required to be a successful manager at Resideo as well as a toolkit for managers to put learnings in action. We also encourage employees to take responsibility for their own development and provide an extensive learning library in order to ensure our people have what they need to succeed, both professionally and personally. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we provided training to our employees on working successfully from home and developing resiliency during this stressful time. 

Managers and their team members participate in quarterly “Pulse” conversations to set performance expectations and monitor and evaluate performance. People managers at Resideo are strongly encouraged to give frequent, informal feedback so that employees are always clear on their performance level. In supporting our employees’ development, we refined our global mentorship program, which supports employees across all levels and functions. The program allows for multiple forms of interaction, including one-on-one relationships and "fireside chats," which improve knowledge transfer and skill development throughout the organization. 

Seasonality

Our Products & Solutions business experiences a moderate level of seasonality. Sales activity is generally highest in the fall and early winter months, with the highest sales at the end of the third quarter and throughout the fourth quarter in the majority of our geographical markets.

Research and Development and Intellectual Property

We have software centers of excellence in Austin, Texas; Bengaluru, India; and Melville, New York, along with major product design centers in the U.S., Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In addition, our laboratories are certified to meet various industry standards, such as FCC and UL, enabling us to test and certify products internally. We also have a user experience design group that consists of researchers and product and user experience designers aligned with development sites with the primary studios in Golden Valley, Minnesota. As of December 31, 2020, we employed over 850 engineers.

 

Our deep domain expertise, proprietary technology and brands are protected by a combination of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, non-disclosure agreements, and contractual provisions. We own approximately 2,300 worldwide active patents and pending patent applications to protect our research and development investments in new products and services. We have and will continue to protect our products and technology by asserting our intellectual property rights against third-party infringers. See Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for more information. We also have a significant trademark license with Honeywell in connection with our use of the Honeywell Home trademark as well as certain intellectual property licensed by Honeywell to us in connection with the Spin-Off. For a more detailed description of the various intellectual property rights and relationships that affect the Company’s business, see Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Other Information

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports are available free of charge on our website (www.resideo.com) under the heading Investors (see SEC Filings) immediately after they are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. All of the reports that we file or furnish with the SEC are also available on the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov). In addition, in this Form 10-K, we incorporate by reference certain information from parts of our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will also be available free of charge on our website. Information contained on, or connected to, our website does not and will not constitute part of this Form 10-K.

We are a Delaware corporation incorporated on April 24, 2018. Our principal executive offices are located at 901 E. 6th Street, Austin, Texas 78702. Our telephone number is (512) 726-3500. Our website address is www.resideo.com.

We disclose public information to investors, the media and others interested in our Company through a variety of means, including our investor relations website (https://investor.resideo.com), press releases, SEC filings, blogs, public conference calls and presentations, webcasts and social media, in order to achieve broad, non-

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

exclusionary distribution of information to the public. We use these channels to communicate with our stockholders and the public about our Company, our products, solutions and other issues. It is possible that the information we post on social media could be deemed to be material information. We encourage investors, the media and others interested in our Company to review the information we post on our website and the social media channels listed below. The list of social media channels we use may be updated from time to time on our investor relations website.

The Company’s News Page (https://www.resideo.com/news)

The Company’s Facebook Page (www.facebook.com/resideo)

The Company’s Twitter Feed (https://twitter.com/resideo)

The Company’s LinkedIn Feed (https://www.linkedin.com/company/resideo1/)

References to our website and other social media channels are made as inactive textual references and information contained on them is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report.

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

You should carefully consider all of the information in this Form 10-K and each of the risks described below, which we believe are the material risks that we face.

Any of these risks, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and the actual outcome of matters as to which forward-looking statements are made in this Form 10-K.

The following risk factors are not necessarily presented in order of relative importance and should not be considered to represent a complete set of all potential risks that could affect us.

Risks Relating to Our Business

We operate in highly competitive markets.

We operate in highly competitive markets in both our Products & Solutions and ADI Global Distribution segments and compete directly with global, national, regional, and local providers of our products, services and solutions including manufacturers, distributors, service and software providers, retailers, and online commerce providers. The most significant competitive factors we face are product and service innovation, reputation of our Company and brands, sales and marketing programs, product performance, warranty, quality of product training and events, product availability, speed and accuracy of delivery, price, customer and technical support, and furnishing of customer credit, with the relative importance of these factors varying among our segments and their respective products and services.

In addition to current competitive factors, there have been, and in the future, there may be new market entrants with non-traditional business, new business and customer service models or disruptive technologies and products, resulting in increased competition and changing business dynamics. Examples of these include cable, telecommunications and large technology companies competing in the connected home and home security spaces, utilities expanding their role in the provision of home energy services, OEMs vertically integrating, and the expansion of direct-to-consumer, retail and e-tail distribution in competition with our ADI Global Distribution business. Existing or future competitors may seek to gain or retain market share by reducing prices, or shifting business models to a software based model, and we may be required to lower prices or may lose business, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Also, to the extent that we do not meet changing customer preferences or demands or other market changes, or if one or more of our competitors introduces new products or services, becomes more successful with private label products, online offerings or establishes exclusive supply relationships, our ability to attract and retain customers could be adversely affected.

To remain competitive, we will need to invest continually in product and services development, marketing, customer service and support, manufacturing and our distribution networks. We may not have sufficient resources to continue to make such investments and we may be unable to maintain our competitive position including due to the

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

fact that our competitors and potential competitors may have greater brand recognition, resources, access to capital, including greater research and development or sales and marketing funds, more customers, lower costs and more advanced technology platforms, particularly with our products and services in connected services and in new geographic regions. It is possible that competitive pressures resulting from consolidation, including customers taking manufacturing or distribution in house, purchasing directly from a manufacturer instead of from ADI Global Distribution, moving to a competitor, partnering with third parties and consolidation amongst our customers, could affect our growth and profit margins. Existing or future competitors also may seek to compete with us for acquisitions, which could have the effect of increasing the price for, and reducing the number of, suitable acquisition targets. We may not be successful in effectively identifying all risks of an acquired business, integrating the acquired business, product or technology into our existing business and operations or realizing the benefits expected at acquisition. Our due diligence may fail to identify all of the problems, liabilities or other shortcomings or challenges of an acquired business, product or technology, including issues related to intellectual property, product quality or product architecture, regulatory compliance practices, revenue recognition or other accounting practices or employee or customer issues. Some of our competitors may also be able to deliver their service solutions more quickly to market than we can by capitalizing on technology developed in connection with their substantial existing service models. In addition, some of our competitors have significant bases of customer adoption in other services and in online content, which they could use as a competitive advantage in the growing connected home solutions services market or otherwise in our product or distribution businesses. The expansion by large technology companies into connected home solutions, could result in pricing pressure, a shift in customer preferences towards the services of these companies and a reduction in our market share.

Our Products & Solutions business' offerings are primarily sold through a network of professional contractors, distributors, OEMs, retailers and online merchants. Growth of the retail markets and greater e-tail distribution alternatives relative to the professional installation markets may negatively impact our sales and margins, which could negatively affect our cash flow and have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and cash flows.

With respect to our ADI Global Distribution business, if retail outlets, including online commerce or big box stores increase their participation in wholesale distribution markets, or if buying patterns for our products become more retail or e-commerce based through these outlets than they currently are, our ADI Global Distribution business may not be able to effectively compete, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Technology in our markets is changing rapidly and our future results and growth are largely dependent upon our ability to develop and successfully market new technologies and products and develop and protect the intellectual property related thereto as well as defend against the intellectual property threats of others.

Technology in our markets changes constantly, as new technologies and enhancements to existing technologies continue to be introduced both in our traditional and connected product markets. Our future results depend upon a number of factors, including our ability to (i) identify emerging technological trends, (ii) develop and maintain competitive products, in part by adding innovative features that differentiate our products from those of our competitors and prevent commoditization of our products, as well as through the use of intellectual property protections such as patents and trade secrets, (iii) grow our market share, (iv) develop, manufacture and bring compelling new products to market quickly and cost-effectively, (v) find and effectively partner with and continue to partner with home connected device platforms and (vi) attract, develop and retain individuals with the requisite technical expertise and understanding of customers’ needs to develop new technologies and introduce new products. Our inability to predict the growth of and respond in a timely way to customer preferences and other developments could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

We rely on a combination of patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade names, trade secrets and other proprietary rights, as well as contractual arrangements, including licenses, to establish, maintain and protect our intellectual property rights. Our intellectual property rights may not be sufficient to permit us to take advantage of some business opportunities. As a result, we may be required to change our plans or acquire necessary intellectual property rights, which could be costly. Furthermore, our ability to enforce our intellectual property rights in emerging markets may be limited by legal or practical considerations that have not historically affected our business in markets with more established intellectual property protection systems.

Our industry experiences significant intellectual property litigation and we could become involved in costly and lengthy litigation involving patents or other intellectual property rights which could adversely affect our business. We have received allegations of patent infringement from third parties, including non-practicing entity patent holders, as well as communications from customers requesting indemnification for allegations brought by third parties. These have resulted and may continue to result in litigation. These proceedings could subject us to significant liability, harm our ability to compete, and can divert our management’s time and attention. Often, we receive offers to license patents for our use. Such offers typically relate to various technologies including electronics, the “internet of things”, “connected homes”, power systems, controls, and software, as well as, the use of certain wireless networking methods, and the design of specific products. We believe that we will be able to access any necessary rights through licensing, cross-licensing, or other mutually beneficial arrangements, although to the extent we are required but unable to enter into such arrangements on acceptable economic terms, it could adversely impact us, requiring us to take specific actions including ceasing using, selling or manufacturing certain products, services or processes or incurring significant costs and time delays to develop alternative technologies or re-design products.

Our operations depend upon third-party technologies, software, and intellectual property. Failure to renew contracts with existing providers or licensors of technology, software, intellectual property or connectivity solutions, or to contract with other providers or licensors on commercially acceptable terms or at all, as well as any failure by such third-party provider to provide such technology solutions may adversely impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We could also be subjected to claims of infringement regardless of our lack of involvement in the development of the licensed technology. Although a third-party licensor is typically obligated to indemnify us if the licensed technology infringes on another party’s intellectual property rights, such indemnification is typically limited in amount and may be worthless if the licensor becomes insolvent.

 

Market and economic conditions may adversely affect the economic conditions of our customers, demand for our products and services and our results of operations.

As a global provider of Comfort, RTS and Security products, services and technologies for the home, as well as a worldwide wholesale distributor of low-voltage electronics products, as well as smart home, fire, power, audio and ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity, and structured wiring products, our business is affected by the performance of the global new and repair and remodel construction industry. Our markets are sensitive to changes in the regions in which we operate and are also influenced by cyclical factors such as interest rates, inflation, availability of financing, consumer spending habits and confidence, housing market changes, employment rates and other macroeconomic factors over which we have no control, and which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Our sales are also affected by fluctuations in demand for Internet-connected devices. If the market for connected home solutions grows more slowly than anticipated, we may not be able to increase our revenue and earnings.

We may not be able to retain or expand relationships with certain significant customers.

A number of our customers contribute significantly to our net revenue and operating income. Consolidation or change of control, particularly among our OEM customers (and in certain instances, their authorized dealers), or a decision by any one or more of our customers to outsource all or most manufacturing work to a single equipment manufacturer, or partner with third parties may continue to concentrate our business in a limited number of customers and expose us to increased risks relating to dependence on a smaller number of customers. We generally have to qualify, and are required to maintain our status, as a supplier for each of our OEM customers. A significant failure or inability to comply with customer specifications and manufacturing requirements or delays or other problems with existing or new products or inability to meet price requirements could result in financial penalties, cancelled orders, increased costs, loss of sales, market share shift, loss of customers or potential breaches of customer contracts, which have had and could in the future have an adverse effect on our profitability and results of

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operations. By virtue of certain customers’ size and the significant portion of revenue that we derive from them, they are able to exert significant influence in the negotiation of our commercial agreements and the conduct of our business with them. If we are unable to retain and expand our business with these customers on favorable terms, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will be adversely affected.

We rely on certain suppliers of products, materials and components and are otherwise subject to raw material price and supply variability with our suppliers which may impact our ability to meet commitments to customers and cause us to incur significant liabilities.

Both of our business segments depend on third parties for the supply of certain materials and components for products we manufacture and those manufactured on our behalf, or sold through our ADI Global Distribution business, some of which are supplied by single or limited source suppliers/manufacturers. Our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could be adversely affected by disruptions in supply from our third-party suppliers and manufacturers, whether due to work stoppages, component failures, natural disasters, pandemics, economic, political, financial or labor concerns, weather conditions affecting products or shipments or transportation disruptions or other reasons, or if suppliers lack sufficient quality control or if there are significant changes in their financial or business condition or otherwise. For example, there is currently a global semiconductor supply shortage. While our supply chain team has been diligently working to help ensure surety of supple, if our third-party suppliers and manufacturers fail to deliver materials, products, parts and components on time and at reasonable prices, we could have difficulties fulfilling our orders or stocking our distribution centers on similar terms or at all, sales and profits could decline, and our commercial reputation could be damaged. Our ability to manage inventory and meet delivery requirements may be constrained by our suppliers’ inability to scale production and adjust delivery of long-lead-time products during times of volatile demand. Our inability to fill our supply needs would jeopardize our ability to fulfill obligations which could, in turn, result in reduced sales and profits, contract penalties or terminations, and damage to customer relationships. In particular, terminations of supply or services agreements or a change in terms or conditions of sale from one or more of our key manufacturers could negatively affect our ADI Global Distribution’s operating margins, net revenue or the level of capital required to fund operations.

Manufacturers who currently distribute their products through our ADI Global Distribution business may decide to shift to or substantially increase their existing distribution with other distributors, their own dealer networks, or directly to resellers or end-users. This could result in more intense competition as distributors strive to secure distribution rights with these manufacturers, which could have an adverse impact on our ADI Global Distribution business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, our ADI Global Distribution business may not be able to acquire from manufacturers certain product lines that we are interested in adding to our distribution business, and if even we are able to add products, they may not result in sales as expected and may not be profitable to the overall business.

 

Failure to achieve and maintain a high level of product and service quality could damage our reputation with customers and negatively impact our results.

Product and service quality issues could result in a negative impact on customer confidence in our Company, our products and our brand image. If our offerings do not meet applicable safety standards or our customers’ expectations regarding safety or quality, or if our products are improperly designed, manufactured, packaged, or labeled, or are otherwise alleged to cause harm or injury, we may need to recall those items, experience increased warranty costs or lost sales and increased costs and be exposed to legal, financial and reputational risks including litigation and government enforcement action, as well as product liability claims. Such actions may damage our relationship with our customers which may result in a loss of market share; additionally, the financial expenses related to such events may not be covered by our insurance or may be subject to deductibles. We may not be able to obtain indemnity or reimbursement from our suppliers or other third parties for the warranty costs or liabilities associated with our products and there can be no assurance that we will have adequate reserves to cover any recalls, repair and replacement costs. A significant product recall, warranty claim, or product liability case, especially with respect to our security and life safety-related products or services, could also result in adverse publicity, damage to our reputation, and a loss of consumer confidence in our products and services. We have in the past experienced, and may in the future experience, product recalls and litigation related to our products or services, none of which have been material to date.

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Our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and stock price may be materially adversely impacted by pandemics, epidemics or other public health emergencies, such as the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

Our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, and stock price may be adversely affected by pandemics, epidemics or other public health emergencies, such as the COVID-19 (including newly discovered variants) virus pandemic as described in this Annual Report, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. This outbreak has negatively impacted and could continue to negatively impact the global economy. While we continue to comply with all applicable health and sanitation and legal requirements, we cannot ensure uninterrupted operations in geographical areas impacted by COVID-19. Deterioration in economic conditions could reduce our sales and profitability. Any financial distress of our customers due to deterioration in economic conditions or lack of continued governmental funding and support of our customers could result in reduced sales and decreased collectability of accounts receivable which could negatively impact our results of operations. The COVID-19 outbreak has had, and could continue to have, an impact on our ability to obtain certain of the raw materials, parts and components we need to manufacture our products as our suppliers face disruptions in their businesses, and disruptions to other aspects of our business. We depend greatly on our suppliers for items that are essential to the manufacturing of our products. If our suppliers fail to meet our manufacturing needs, it could delay our production and our product shipments to customers and negatively affect our operations. While we believe that we are considered as an essential product and service provider pursuant to laws, rules and regulations in the majority of regions in which we operate, which has generally provided us with the ability to continue to operate during the COVID-19 pandemic, we may be subject to changing laws, rules and regulations, and limitations on the scope of essential businesses, which may impact our ability to operate in such regions. In addition, we have in the past and may continue in the future during the pendency of the corona virus pandemic, be subject to government inspections of our manufacturing facilities to confirm compliance with government regulations related to employee health and safety at our sites.

 

To the extent the COVID-19 outbreak adversely affects our business and financial results, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section.

 

We rely on a dependable IT infrastructure and network operations that have adequate cyber-security functionality to produce and sell our products and solutions and manage our business.

The efficient operation of our business requires substantial investment in technology infrastructure systems, including enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) systems, information systems, supply chain management systems, digital commerce systems and connected solutions platforms and network operations and systems. The failure to acquire, implement, maintain and upgrade as required, these systems may impact our ability to respond effectively to changing customer expectations, manage our business, scale our solutions effectively or impact our customer service levels, which may put us at a competitive disadvantage and negatively impact our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Repeated or prolonged interruptions of service, due to problems with our systems or third- party technologies, whether or not in our control, could have a significant negative impact on our reputation and our ability to sell products and services. Our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows may be adversely affected if our information systems fail or do not allow us to transmit accurate information. Failure to properly or adequately address these issues, including the failure to fund upgrades and improvements to our systems, could impact our ability to perform necessary business operations, which could adversely affect our reputation, competitive position, business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Our ability to keep our business operating is highly dependent on the proper and efficient operation of our network operations centers and data backup systems. In addition, many of our employees are and have been engaged in remote work from their homes during COVID-19; this further exposes our information technology systems to potential cyber interference and disruption of work activities based on availability of Wi-Fi in the regions in which our employees reside.

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Our information technology (“IT”) and engineering systems may involve sensitive information, including personal data, trade secrets, and other proprietary information. In addition, our connected products potentially expose our business and customers to cybersecurity threats. As a result, we are subject to systems interruption and service and product failures, not only resulting from the failures of our products or services but also from the failures of third-party service providers, natural disasters, power shortages or terrorist attacks, and cyber or other security threats. There is no assurance that the comprehensive security measures we have put in place to protect our information systems and products against unauthorized access and disclosure of personal information or confidential or trade secret information will be effective in every case.

 

We have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, cybersecurity threats and incidents, none of which, to our knowledge, have been material to date. The potential consequences of a material cyber or other security incident include financial loss, reputational and brand impact, negative media coverage, loss of customers, litigation with third parties, including class-action litigation, regulatory investigations or actions, theft of intellectual property, fines, diminution in the value of our investment in research, development and engineering, regulatory reporting for data breaches, and increased cyber and other security protection and remediation costs due to the increasing sophistication and proliferation of threats, which in turn could adversely affect our competitiveness, business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, damages, fines and claims arising from such incidents may not be covered by, or may exceed the amount of any insurance available or may not be insurable.

 

We are subject to the economic, political, health, epidemic, regulatory, foreign exchange and other risks of international operations.

Our international revenues represented approximately 30% of our net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Our international geographic footprint subjects us to many risks including: exchange control regulations; wage and price controls; antitrust/competition and environmental regulations; employment regulations; foreign investment laws; monetary and fiscal policies and protectionist measures that may prohibit acquisitions or joint ventures, establish local content requirements, or impact trade volumes; import, export and other trade restrictions (such as embargoes); violations by our employees of anti-corruption laws (despite our efforts to mitigate these risks); changes in regulations regarding transactions with state-owned enterprises; nationalization of private enterprises; natural and man-made disasters, hazards and losses; backlash from foreign labor organizations related to our restructuring actions; violence, civil and labor unrest; acts of terrorism; health epidemics; and our ability to hire and maintain qualified staff and maintain the safety of our employees in these regions. Additionally, certain of the markets in which we operate have adopted increasingly strict data privacy and data protection requirements or may require local storage and processing of data or similar requirements

Instabilities and uncertainties arising from the global geopolitical environment can negatively impact our business. The implementation of more restrictive trade policies or the renegotiation of existing trade agreements in the U.S. or other countries where we sell or manufacture large quantities of products and services or procure supplies and other materials incorporated into our products could negatively impact our business results of operations, cash flows and financial condition. For example, a government’s adoption of “buy national” policies or retaliation by another government against such policies, such as tariffs or quotas, could have a negative impact on our results of operations.

Tariffs, sanctions and other barriers to trade could adversely affect the business of our customers and suppliers, which could in turn negatively impact our net revenue and results of operations. Instabilities and uncertainties arising from the global geopolitical environment, along with the cost of compliance with increasingly complex regulations worldwide, can impair our flexibility in modifying product, marketing, pricing or other strategies for growing our businesses, as well as our ability to improve productivity and maintain acceptable operating margins.

As a result of our global presence, a portion of our net revenue are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar, whereas a significant amount of our payment obligations, including pursuant to the Reimbursement Agreement and Tax Matters Agreement are denominated in U.S. Dollars, which exposes us to foreign exchange risk. We monitor and may seek to reduce such risk through hedging activities; however, foreign exchange hedging activities bear a financial cost and may not always be available to us or be successful in eliminating such volatility.

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Finally, we generate significant amounts of cash outside of the United States that is invested with financial and non-financial counterparties. While we employ comprehensive controls regarding global cash management to guard against cash or investment loss and to ensure our ability to fund our operations and commitments, a material disruption to the counterparties with whom we transact business could expose us to financial loss.

We operate in many high-growth regions that require modifications to our products based on local building codes, regulations, standards, certifications and other factors, which may impact our cost to serve and profitability as we continue our penetration into these regions.

Failure to increase productivity through sustainable operational improvements, as well as an inability to successfully execute transformation programs or to effectively manage our workforce, may reduce our profitability or adversely impact our businesses.

Our profitability and margin growth are dependent upon our ability to drive sustainable improvements. In addition, we seek productivity and cost savings benefits through transformation and other programs, such as consolidation and outsourcing of manufacturing operations or facilities, transitions to cost-competitive regions, workforce reductions, product line rationalizations and other cost-saving initiatives. Risks associated with these actions include delays in execution of the planned initiatives, additional unexpected costs, asset impairments, realization of fewer than estimated productivity improvements, and adverse effects on employee morale leading to reduced production and unanticipated departures. We may not realize the full operational or financial benefits we expect and the recognition of these benefits may be delayed and these actions may potentially disrupt our operations. In addition, organizational changes, attrition, labor relations difficulties, or workforce stoppage could have an adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Regulations and societal actions to respond to global climate change could negatively affect our business.

Responses to climate change may cause a shift away from fossil fuels to alternative power sources such as electricity or alternative fuels such as natural gas/hydrogen mixtures. Many of our thermal solutions are designed for application with oil and gas systems. A shift away from fossil fuels could affect our OEM customers’ business and result in a loss of business for them and for us. If we fail to adapt our solutions to alternative power sources, it could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. Similarly, regulations to drive higher fuel efficiency and requirements to support varying fuel mix could shift business away from us if we fail to adapt our solutions to address these needs in a timely manner.

We are subject to risks associated with the Reimbursement Agreement, pursuant to which we are required to make substantial cash payments to Honeywell, measured in substantial part by reference to estimates by Honeywell of certain of its liabilities.

 

In connection with the Spin-Off, we entered into the Reimbursement Agreement, described in Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements. In each calendar quarter, our ability to pay dividends and repurchase capital stock, or take other material corporate actions, in such calendar quarter will be restricted until any amounts payable under the Reimbursement Agreement in such quarter are paid to Honeywell and we will be required to use available restricted payment capacity under our debt agreements to make payments in respect of any such amounts. Payment of deferred amounts and certain other amounts could cause the amount we are required to pay under the Reimbursement Agreement in respect of liabilities arising in any given calendar year to exceed $140 million. All amounts payable under the Reimbursement Agreement are guaranteed by certain of our subsidiaries that act as guarantors under our principal credit agreement, subject to certain exceptions. Under the Reimbursement Agreement, we are subject to certain of the affirmative and negative covenants that are substantially similar to those presently included in our principal credit agreement. Further, pursuant to the Reimbursement Agreement, our ability to (i) amend or enter into waivers under our principal credit agreement or our indenture, (ii) enter into another credit agreement or our indenture or make amendments or waivers thereto, or (iii) enter into or amend or waive any provisions under other agreements, in each case, in a manner that would adversely affect the rights of Honeywell under the Reimbursement Agreement, may be subject to Honeywell’s prior written consent. The covenants contained in the Reimbursement Agreement and/or the consent right described in the preceding sentence may significantly limit our ability to engage in many types of significant transactions on favorable terms (or at all), including, but not limited to, equity and debt financings, liability management transactions, refinancing transactions, mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, and other strategic

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transactions. The Reimbursement Agreement may have material adverse effects on our liquidity and cash flows and on our results of operations, regardless of whether we experience a decline in net revenue. The Reimbursement Agreement may also require us to accrue significant long-term liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet, the amounts of which will be dependent on factors outside our control, including Honeywell’s responsibility to manage and determine the outcomes of claims underlying the liabilities. This may have a significant negative impact on the calculation of key financial ratios and other metrics that are important to investors, rating agencies and securities analysts in evaluating our creditworthiness, and the value of our securities. Although we will have access to information regarding these liabilities as we may reasonably request for certain purposes, as well as the ability to participate in periodic standing meetings with Honeywell’s remediation management team responsible for management of the underlying claims, the payment obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement relate to legal proceedings, costs and remediation efforts that we will not control, and we accordingly do not expect to be able to make definitive decisions regarding settlements or other outcomes that could influence our potential related exposure.

 

If our goodwill, other intangible assets and long-lived assets become impaired, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings.

 

We test, at least annually, the carrying value of goodwill for impairment, as discussed in Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of Notes to the Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements included in this Annual Report. We review other intangible assets and long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. The estimates and assumptions about future results of operations and cash flows made in connection with the impairment testing could differ from future actual results of operations and cash flows. If the assumptions used in our analysis are not realized or if there was an adverse change in facts and circumstances, it is possible that an impairment charge may need to be recorded in the future. If the fair value of the Company’s reporting units falls below its carrying amount because of reduced operating performance, market declines, changes in the discount rate, or other conditions, charges for impairment may be necessary. Any such charges may have a material negative impact on our results of operations. There were no impairment charges taken during the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018.

 

Risks Relating to Legal and Regulatory Matters

Failure to comply with the broad range of standards, laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate may result in exposure to substantial disruptions, costs and liabilities.

The laws and regulations impacting us impose complex, stringent and costly compliance activities, including but not limited to environmental, health, and safety protection standards and permitting, labeling and other requirements regarding, among other things, electronic and wireless communications, air emissions, wastewater discharges, the use, handling, and disposal of hazardous or toxic materials, remediation of environmental contamination, data privacy, consumer protection and working conditions for and compensation of our employees. We may also be affected by future standards, laws or regulations, including those imposed in response to energy, climate change, product functionality, geopolitical, corporate social responsibility, privacy or similar concerns. We expect that the growth of our business may depend on our development of new technologies in response to legislation and regulation related to efficiency standards, safety, privacy and security, and environmental concerns. These standards, laws, or regulations may further impact our costs of operation, the sourcing of raw materials, and the manufacture and distribution of our products and place restrictions and other requirements or impediments on the products and solutions we can sell in certain geographical locations. The net revenue and margins of our business are directly impacted by government regulations, including safety, performance and product certification regulations, particularly those driven by customer demands and national approvals, as well as changes in trade agreements, tariffs, and environmental and energy efficiency standards. We may develop unexpected legal contingencies or matters that exceed, or are excluded from, insurance coverage. We are subject to and in the future may be subject to various claims, including legal claims arising in the normal course of business. Such claims may include without limitation employment claims, product recall, personal injury, network security, data privacy, or property damage claims resulting from the use of our products, services, or solutions, as well as exposure to hazardous materials, contract disputes, or intellectual property disputes. The actual costs of resolving legal claims may be substantially higher or lower than the level of insurance coverage we hold and/or the amounts accrued for

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such claims or may be excluded from coverage. In the event of unexpected future developments, it is possible that the ultimate resolutions of such matters could be unfavorable.

Various laws and regulations apply to the collection, processing, transfer, disposal, disclosure and security of personal data. The interpretation and application of many privacy and data protection laws and regulations around the world may be interpreted in a manner that is inconsistent with our existing data management practices or the features of our products and services. Any such new laws or regulations, any changes to existing laws and regulations and any such interpretation may affect demand for our products and services, impact our ability to effectively transfer data across borders in support of our business operations, or increase the cost of providing our products and services. Additionally, any actual or perceived breach of such laws or regulations may subject us to claims and may lead to administrative, civil or criminal liability, as well as reputational harm. We could also be required to fundamentally change our business activities and practices, or modify our products and services, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. Privacy-related claims or lawsuits initiated by governmental bodies, customers or other third parties, whether meritorious or not, could be time consuming, result in costly regulatory proceedings, litigation, penalties and fines, or require us to change our business practices, sometimes in expensive ways, or other potential liabilities. Unfavorable publicity regarding our privacy practices could injure our reputation, harm our ability to keep existing customers or attract new customers or otherwise adversely affect our business, assets, revenue, brands, and reputation.

Changes in laws, regulations or government enforcement of policies concerning the environment, the discovery of previously unknown contamination or new technology or information related to individual contaminated sites owned or operated by Resideo, the establishment of stricter state or federal toxicity standards with respect to certain contaminants, or the imposition of new clean-up requirements or remedial techniques, could require us to incur additional currently unanticipated costs in the future that would have a negative effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

We are currently subject to laws and regulations regarding labor and employment matters, including consultation requirements, and may be subject in the future to government investigations and/or employment claims, allegations and/or work stoppages that may have a negative effect on our business operations and/or financial results.

We cannot predict with certainty the outcome of litigation matters, government proceedings, and other contingencies and uncertainties.

In the ordinary course of business, we may make certain commitments, including representations, warranties and indemnities relating to current and past operations, and issue guarantees of third-party obligations. We are also subject to various lawsuits, investigations and disputes arising out of the conduct of our business, including matters relating to public disclosure and reporting, commercial transactions, government contracts, product liability, prior acquisitions and divestitures, labor and employment matters, employee benefit plans, intellectual property, and environmental, health and safety matters.

We are unable to predict how long such proceedings, in particular, the class action and derivative lawsuits described in Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements, will continue, but we anticipate that we may incur significant costs in connection with some or all of these matters and that these proceedings and any related matters may result in a substantial distraction of management’s time. In addition, we are currently subject to investigations and inquiries by governmental agencies (including the SEC) relating to these matters, which may result in fine or penalties which may not be covered by insurance. We may face future governmental inquiries and investigations on these and other issues.

Our potential liabilities are subject to change over time due to new developments, changes in settlement strategy or the impact of evidentiary requirements, and we may become subject to or be required to pay damage awards or settlements that could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. If we were required to make payments, such payments could be significant and could exceed the amounts we have accrued with respect thereto, adversely affecting our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. While we maintain or may otherwise have access to insurance for certain risks, certain risks may be excluded and the amount of our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover the total amount of all insured claims, legal fees, costs and liabilities and we may have to satisfy high insurance retentions. The

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incurrence of significant liabilities for which there is no or insufficient insurance coverage (or where there is available insurance but high retention levels) could adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

As described in Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements, we are subject to potentially material liabilities related to the investigation and cleanup of environmental hazards and to claims of personal injuries or property damages that may arise from hazardous substance releases and exposures. These liabilities arise out of our current and past operations and the operations and properties of predecessor companies (including off site waste disposal). We are also subject to potentially material liabilities related to the compliance of sites owned or operated by Resideo with the requirements of various federal, state, local, and foreign governments that regulate the discharge of materials into the environment and the generation, handling, storage, treatment, and disposal of and exposure to hazardous substances. If we are found to be in violation of these laws and regulations, we may be subject to substantial fines, criminal sanctions, trade restrictions, product recalls, public exposure and be required to install costly equipment or make operational changes to achieve compliance with such laws and regulations.

Risks related to the Spin-Off and our relationships with Honeywell

The Spin-Off was generally intended to be a tax-free transaction for our shareholders, but any failure to comply with the relevant tax requirements could result in certain of our shareholders incurring substantial tax liabilities. In addition, we may have material payment obligations to Honeywell under the Tax Matters Agreement, including upon the resolution of pending or future disputes with Honeywell regarding the appropriate allocation of tax liabilities incurred in connection with the Spin-Off.

Completion of the Spin-Off was conditioned on Honeywell’s receipt of separate written opinions from Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton and KPMG to the effect that the Spin-Off should qualify for non-recognition of gain and loss under Section 355 and related provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). The opinions assume that the Spin-Off was completed according to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

If the distribution made in connection with the Spin-Off were determined not to qualify for non-recognition of gain or loss under Section 355 and related provisions of the Code, then a U.S. Holder who received our common stock in the Spin-Off generally would be treated as receiving a distribution in an amount equal to the fair market value of our common stock received. In connection with the Spin-Off, we entered into the Tax Matters Agreement with Honeywell described in Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements. We presently have, and in the future may have, disputes with Honeywell regarding the allocation of tax related liabilities between us and Honeywell under the Tax Matters Agreement. While we maintain reserves for potential liabilities arising under the Tax Matters Agreement, to the extent we are obligated to indemnify Honeywell for tax related liabilities in respect of matters that are not reserved or in excess of reserved amounts, including upon resolution of any dispute with Honeywell, such payments could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and cash flows.

We have certain business conflicts of interest with Honeywell with respect to our past and ongoing relationships. In addition, the agreements that we entered into with Honeywell in connection with the Spin-Off impose significant restrictions on us and our subsidiaries and limit our ability to engage in actions that may be in our long-term best interests, and we may from time to time have disputes with Honeywell under such agreements that could have a material impact on our business and operations.

Conflicts of interest may or have arisen with Honeywell in a number of areas relating to our past and ongoing relationships, including:

 

labor, tax, employee benefit, indemnification and other matters arising from our separation from Honeywell;

 

intellectual property matters;

 

employee recruiting and retention;

 

interpretations of contractual arrangements; and

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business combinations involving our Company.

We may not be able to resolve any potential conflicts, and, even if we do so, the resolution may be less favorable to us than if we were dealing with a party other than our former parent company.

The agreements that we entered into with Honeywell in connection with the Spin-Off may impose significant restrictions on us and our subsidiaries and limit our ability to engage in actions that may be in our long-term best interests. As described in more detail in Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements, the Reimbursement Agreement imposes material restrictions on our business and operations, including limitations or impediments on our ability to separate or otherwise divest businesses and modify or waive the terms of certain agreements in a manner that would adversely affect the rights of Honeywell under the Reimbursement Agreement. In addition, the Trademark Agreement is terminable by Honeywell under certain circumstances, including if we fail to comply with all material obligations, including the payment obligations, set forth in the Reimbursement Agreement. The Trademark Agreement also automatically terminates upon the occurrence of a change of control of Resideo that is not approved by Honeywell, and automatically terminates as to any subsidiary of Resideo upon it ceasing to be a wholly-owned subsidiary of Resideo. Any termination of the Trademark Agreement could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows, and reputation. In addition, the provisions of the Trademark Agreement in respect of a change of control of Resideo or the sale of any interests in any subsidiary of Resideo may impact our ability to enter into transactions that are otherwise in the best interests of our stockholders.

We and Honeywell also have had and may in the future have disputes under the agreements and related exhibits entered into in connection with the Spin-Off. In addition, because of their former positions with Honeywell, certain of our executive officers and directors, including the chairman of the Board, own equity interests in Honeywell. Continuing ownership of Honeywell shares and equity awards could appear to create, potential conflicts of interest if our Company and Honeywell face decisions that could have implications for both our Company and Honeywell.

 

The terms of our debt documents may impose restrictions on our business and our operations require substantial capital and we may not be able to obtain additional capital that we need in the future on favorable terms or at all.

 

The terms of our varied indebtedness include a number of restrictive covenants that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us and limit our ability to engage in actions that may be in our long-term best interests, including actions such as incurring additional indebtedness, paying dividends, making investments or acquisitions, selling or transferring certain assets and other corporate actions. If market changes, economic downturns, or other negative events occur, our ability to comply with these covenants may be impaired and waivers from our lenders may not be provided. A breach of any of these covenants could result in an event of default under the terms of our indebtedness giving lenders the right to accelerate the repayment of such debt, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. Additionally, we might not have, or be able to obtain, sufficient funds to make these accelerated payments, and lenders could then proceed against any collateral. Any subsequent replacement of the agreements governing such indebtedness, or any new indebtedness could have similar or greater restrictions. As a result of these restrictions, we may be limited in how we conduct our business and pursue our strategy, unable to raise additional debt financing to operate during general economic or business downturns or unable to compete effectively or to take advantage of new business opportunities.

 

Notwithstanding that we recently completed a follow-on equity offering and a refinance of certain of our debt obligations, we may require additional capital in the future to finance our growth and development, upgrade and improve our manufacturing capabilities, implement further marketing and sales activities, fund ongoing research and development activities, satisfy regulatory and environmental compliance obligations and national approvals requirements, satisfy obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement, fund acquisitions and meet general working capital needs. If our access to capital were to become constrained significantly, or if costs of capital increased significantly, due to lowered credit ratings, increased interest rates, prevailing business conditions, financial leverage, the volatility of the capital markets, decreased investor interest or other factors, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected and our ability to fund future development and acquisition activities could be impacted. 

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We believe that we have adequate capital resources to meet our projected operating needs, capital expenditures and other cash requirements, including payments to Honeywell under the Reimbursement Agreement. However, we may need additional capital resources in the future and if we are unable to obtain sufficient resources for our operating needs, capital expenditures and other cash requirements for any reason, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Risks Relating to Our Common Stock and the Securities Market

Our stock price has been volatile; stockholder’s percentage ownership in our Company may be diluted in the future.

Our stock price may be volatile. The market price of our common stock has been volatile in the past and may be volatile in the future. The market price of our common stock may be significantly affected by the following factors: actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results; changes in financial estimates by securities analysts or our failure to perform in line with such estimates; announcements by us or our competitors of significant technical innovations, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments; the loss of, or decrease in sales to, one or more key customers; and departures of key personnel.

A stockholder’s percentage ownership in our Company may be diluted in the future because of common stock-based equity awards that we have granted and expect to grant in the future in accordance with our 2018 Stock Incentive Plan for the benefit of certain employees and other service providers, as well as our equity plan for our non-employee directors. In addition, we may issue additional equity as necessary to finance our ongoing operations.

In addition, our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (our “Certificate”) authorizes us to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred stock, which may have preferences over our common stock with respect to dividends and distributions, as our Board may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred stock could dilute the voting power or reduce the value of our common stock. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences that we could assign to holders of preferred stock could affect the residual value of our common stock. In addition, we may pursue acquisition opportunities for which the consideration thereof may consist partially or entirely of newly issued shares of our common stock and such transactions would dilute the voting power and/or reduce the value of our common stock.

Certain provisions in our governing documents may discourage takeovers.

Several provisions of our Charter Documents and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition. These include, among others, our staggered board that remains in effect until our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders; our stockholders are not permitted to act by written consent; we have established advance notice requirements for stockholder nominations and proposals; we limit the persons who may call special meetings of stockholders and we have limitations on our ability to enter into business combinations transactions.

These and other provisions of our Charter Documents and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent certain types of transactions involving an actual or a threatened acquisition or change in control of our Company, including unsolicited takeover attempts, even though the transaction may offer our stockholders the opportunity to sell their shares of our common stock at a price above the prevailing market price.

We may be required to make significant cash contributions to our defined benefit pension plans.

We sponsor defined benefit pension plans under which certain eligible Company employees will earn pension benefits. We have plans in several countries including the U.S., the terms of which require that such qualified defined benefit pension plans maintain certain capitalization levels. Changes in discount rates and actual asset returns different than our anticipated asset returns can result in significant non-cash actuarial gains or losses. With regard to cash pension contributions, funding requirements for our pension plans are largely dependent upon interest rates, actual investment returns on pension assets and the impact of legislative or regulatory changes related to pension funding obligations. Our pension plan contributions may be material and could adversely impact our

19


RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

financial condition, cash flow, and results of operations. We may need to make pension plan contributions in future periods sufficient to satisfy funding requirements.

General Risk Factors

We depend on the recruitment and retention of qualified personnel, and our failure to attract and retain such personnel could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Due to the complex nature of our business, our future performance is highly dependent upon the continued services of our employees and management who have significant industry expertise, including our engineering and design personnel and trained sales force. Our performance is also dependent on the development of additional personnel and the hiring of new qualified engineering, design, manufacturing, marketing, sales and management personnel for our operations. Competition for qualified personnel in our markets is intense, and we may not be successful in attracting or retaining qualified personnel. The loss of key employees, our inability to attract new qualified employees or adequately train employees, or the delay in hiring key personnel could negatively affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Our effective tax rate will be affected by factors including changes in tax rules, and in the interpretation and application of those rules, in the countries in which we operate.

Our future results of operations could be adversely affected by changes in the effective tax rate as a result of a change in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in tax laws, including any changes that may be enacted by the Biden administration to laws or regulations (such as changes to US tax reform regulations enacted during the Trump administration), regulations and judicial rulings (or changes in the interpretation thereof), changes in generally accepted accounting principles, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in the amount of earnings permanently reinvested offshore, the results of audits and examinations of previously filed tax returns and continuing assessments of our tax exposures, and various other governmental enforcement initiatives. Our tax expense includes estimates of tax reserves and reflects other estimates and assumptions, including assessments of our future earnings which could impact the valuation of our deferred tax assets. Changes in tax laws or regulations, including multi-jurisdictional changes enacted in response to the guidelines provided by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development to address base erosion and profit shifting will increase tax uncertainty and may adversely impact our provision for income taxes.

If we fail to maintain proper and effective internal controls, our ability to produce accurate and timely financial statements could be impaired and investors’ views of us could be harmed.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires that we maintain effective internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures. If we are not able to comply with the requirements of Section 404 in a timely manner, or if we or our independent registered public accounting firm identify deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting that are deemed to be material weaknesses, the market price of shares of common stock could decline and we could be subject to sanctions or investigations by SEC or other regulatory authorities, which would require additional financial and management resources.

Even if we were to conclude, and our auditors were to concur, that our internal controls over financial reporting provided reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP, because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting might not prevent or detect fraud or misstatements. This, in turn, could have an adverse impact on trading prices for our shares of common stock, and could adversely affect our ability to access the capital markets.

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

20


RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

Our corporate headquarters is located in Austin, Texas.

 

The Products & Solutions segment owns or leases 16 manufacturing sites. ADI Global Distribution owns or leases 195 stocking locations. There are also 5 warehouses shared by both segments and 55 other sites owned or leased, including offices shared by both segments and engineering and lab sites used by the Products & Solutions segment. The following table shows the regional distribution of these sites:

 

 

 

Americas

 

 

Asia

Pacific

 

 

EMEA

 

 

India

 

Sites

 

 

145

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

16

 

 

We also sublease 1 lab site and 6 other sites that include office and engineering space from Honeywell. 29 warehouses are operated by third parties. In addition, Honeywell leases or subleases 3 manufacturing sites and 6 other sites, with office and warehouse space, from us.

 

We believe our properties are adequate and suitable for our business as presently conducted and are adequately maintained.

 

Item 3.

 

We are subject to various lawsuits, investigations and disputes arising out of the conduct of our business, including matters relating to commercial transactions, government contracts, product liability, prior acquisitions and divestitures, employee matters, intellectual property, and environmental, health and safety matters. We recognize a liability for any contingency that is probable of occurrence and reasonably estimable. We continually assess the likelihood of adverse judgments of outcomes in these matters, as well as potential ranges of possible losses (taking into consideration any insurance recoveries), based on a careful analysis of each matter with the assistance of outside legal counsel and, if applicable, other experts. We do not currently believe that such matters are material to our results of operations.

 

For further information on our legal proceedings see Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements.

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

PART II.

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “REZI”. On February 19, 2021, there were 37,987 holders of record of our common stock and the closing price of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange was $27.89 per share. As of February 19, 2021, 143,139,475 shares of our Common Stock and 0 shares of our preferred stock were outstanding.

 

As described in Item 1. Business of this Form 10-K, on October 29, 2018, Honeywell completed the separation of Resideo Technologies, Inc. Following the Spin-Off, our authorized capital stock consisted of 700,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. The Spin-Off is further described in Note 1. Organization, Operations and Basis of Presentation of Notes to the Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Form 10-K.

 

Dividends

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we currently do not intend to pay cash dividends. We currently expect to retain any future earnings to fund the operation and expansion of our business and pay back debt obligations. The Board’s decision regarding any future payment of dividends will depend on the consideration of many factors, including our financial condition, earnings, sufficiency of distributable reserves, opportunities to retain future earnings for use in the operation of our business and to fund future growth, capital requirements, debt service obligations, obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, and other factors that the Board deems relevant. Additionally, the terms of the indebtedness we incurred in connection with the Spin-Off, obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement and other amounts owed to Honeywell under the Tax Matters, Trademark License and Patent Cross-License Agreements, will limit our ability to pay cash dividends.

Stock Performance

 

Information relating to cumulative total returns of our common stock will be included in our Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after our year ended December 31, 2020 in connection with our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or the 2021 Proxy Statement, and is incorporated by reference.

 

22


RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

Selected Historical Consolidated and Combined Financial Data

The following tables present certain selected historical consolidated and combined financial information as of and for each of the years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2020. For periods prior to October 29, 2018, the Company’s historical financial statements were prepared on a stand-alone combined basis and were derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Honeywell. Accordingly, for periods prior to October 29, 2018, these financial statements are presented on a combined basis and for periods subsequent to October 29, 2018 are presented on a consolidated basis (collectively, the historical financial data for all periods presented are referred to as “Consolidated and Combined Financial Data”).

The selected historical Consolidated and Combined Financial Data presented below should be read in conjunction with Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and our historical Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements and the accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition, for periods prior to our Spin-Off, our historical consolidated and combined financial information does not reflect changes that we have experienced as a result of our separation from Honeywell, including changes in the financing, operations, cost structure and personnel needs of our business. The financial information included herein may not necessarily reflect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows in the future or what our financial position, results of operations and cash flows would have been had we been an independent, publicly traded company during the periods presented. Further, the historical consolidated and combined financial information includes allocations of certain Honeywell corporate expenses, as described in Note 5. Related Party Transactions with Honeywell of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements. We believe the assumptions and methodologies underlying the allocation of these expenses are reasonable. However, such expenses may not be indicative of the actual level of expenses that we would have incurred if we had operated as an independent, publicly traded company or of the costs expected to be incurred in the future.

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In millions except share and per share data)

 

Selected Statements of Operations Information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

5,071

 

 

$

4,988

 

 

$

4,827

 

 

$

4,519

 

 

$

4,455

 

Operating profit

 

 

311

 

 

 

258

 

 

 

493

 

 

 

445

 

 

 

495

 

Net income (loss) (1)

 

 

37

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

405

 

 

 

(394

)

 

 

177

 

Selected Balance Sheets Information at Year-End:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

5,610

 

 

$

5,128

 

 

$

4,972

 

 

$

4,473

 

 

$

4,294

 

Long-term obligations

 

 

2,079

 

 

 

2,032

 

 

 

1,950

 

 

 

723

 

 

 

338

 

Total liabilities

 

 

3,617

 

 

 

3,526

 

 

 

3,439

 

 

 

1,870

 

 

 

1,420

 

Total equity

 

 

1,993

 

 

 

1,602

 

 

 

1,533

 

 

 

2,603

 

 

 

2,874

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share: (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.29

 

 

$

3.31

 

 

$

(3.22

)

 

$

1.44

 

Diluted

 

 

0.29

 

 

 

0.29

 

 

 

3.30

 

 

 

(3.22

)

 

 

1.44

 

Weighted Average Common Shares (in thousands): (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

125,348

 

 

 

122,722

 

 

 

122,499

 

 

 

122,499

 

 

 

122,499

 

Diluted

 

 

126,324

 

 

 

122,238

 

 

 

122,624

 

 

 

122,499

 

 

 

122,499

 

 

1)

Net income (loss) attributable to Resideo and Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share for 2018 and 2017 were impacted by U.S. Tax Reform. See Note 9. Income Taxes of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for further details regarding the 2018 impact. In 2017, the Company reasonably estimated certain effects of the U.S. Tax Reform and, therefore, recorded provisional amounts, including the deemed repatriation transition tax and withholding taxes on undistributed earnings.

2)

On October 29, 2018, the date of consummation of the Spin-Off, 122,499 shares of our Common Stock were distributed to Honeywell stockholders of record as of October 16, 2018. Basic and Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share for all periods prior to the Spin-Off reflect the number of distributed shares, or 122,499 shares. For the 2018, 2017 and 2016 year to date calculations, these shares are treated as issued and outstanding from January 1, 2016 for purposes of calculating historical basic earnings per share. No dividends have been paid from October 29, 2018 through December 31, 2020.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(In millions, except per share amounts)

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is intended to help you understand the results of operations and financial condition of Resideo Technologies, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Resideo” or “the Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) for the three years ended December 31, 2020 and should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

Overview and Business Trends

We are a leading global manufacturer and distributor of technology driven products and solutions that help homeowners and businesses stay connected and in control of their comfort, security and energy use. We are a leader in the home heating, ventilation and air conditioning controls and security markets. We have a global footprint serving commercial and residential end-markets. We manage our business operations through two segments, Products & Solutions and ADI Global Distribution. Our Products & Solutions segment consists of comfort, security, residential thermal (“RTS”) products and solutions. Our offerings include temperature and humidity control, thermal and combustion solutions, water and air solutions, as well as security panels, sensors, peripherals, wire and cable, communications devices, video cameras, awareness solutions, cloud infrastructure, installation and maintenance tools and related software. Our ADI Global Distribution business is the leading wholesale distributor of low-voltage security products including intrusion, access control and video products and participates significantly in the broader related markets of smart home, fire, power, audio, ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity, and structured wiring products. The Products & Solutions segment, consistent with our industry, has a higher gross and operating profit margin profile in comparison to the ADI Global Distribution segment.

During the fourth quarter of 2020, we made a change to our reportable segments. Previously we allocated corporate costs to the Products & Solutions segment as well as the ADI Global Distribution segment. We now report corporate costs separately, as Corporate, from the two operating segments. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2020, our Chief Operating Decision Maker moved towards making financial decisions and allocating resources based on Operating profit, rather than Segment Adjusted EBITDA. These changes were designed to better align accountability and authority, give a clearer view into the operational performance of the two segments and increase accountability for management of corporate spending.

Our financial performance is influenced by several macro factors such as repair and remodeling activity, residential and non-residential construction, employment rates, and overall macro environment. The global outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) created economic disruption. Starting at the end of the first quarter and throughout the second quarter, we experienced constrained supply and slowed customer demand, as well as temporary closures of several of our ADI Global Distribution branches, that adversely impacted business, results of operations, and overall financial performance. Although there remains uncertainty as to the continuing implications of COVID-19, during the second half of the year customer demand improved and ongoing cost actions and transformation efforts contributed to the improvements in the Company’s operations and overall financial performance.

During 2020, the Products & Solutions segment revenue declined 2% compared to 2019, driven by softness in Comfort and RTS product lines offset by strength in the Security business. Operating profit was positively impacted by cost savings from transformation programs, sourcing productivity, lower charges related to obsolete and surplus inventory, and other cost reduction efforts, offset by lower revenue volumes, unfavorable sales mix, investments to support new product launches, and labor and material inflation.

Our ADI Global Distribution business revenue increased 5% compared to 2019. Throughout 2020, the business continued its strong performance, achieving solid growth in US, including the impact from the 2020 Herman ProAV acquisition, as well as EMEA, and expansion in top product lines. ADI Global Distribution accelerated the adoption of digital tools, which is reflected in strong e-commerce growth. Operating profit was negatively impacted by unfavorable sales mix, commercial investments, acquisition related costs, and other cost inflation of $34 million, partially offset by transformation program cost savings, other expense productivity and cost reduction programs totaling $18 million.

 

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Current Period Highlights

 

Net revenues increased $83 million in 2020 compared to 2019, primarily due to increased pricing on certain products and acquisitions, partially offset by volume. Gross profit as a percent of net revenues was consistent at 26%. The primary drivers to the flat gross profit percentage were a 100 basis point (“bps”) negative impact from unfavorable sales mix changes offset by 100 bps positive impact from transformation program cost savings. Net income for 2020 was $37 million compared to $36 million for 2019.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $17 million in 2020 compared to 2019. The decrease was driven by transformation program cost savings, decrease in Spin-Off related expenses, and other cost reductions totaling $150 million. These decreases were partially offset by transformation program expenses and related restructuring expenses, labor and other cost inflation, commercial investments, investments to support new product launches, the expense impact of acquisitions, and labor and other expense inflation totaling $133 million.

We ended 2020 with $517 million in cash and cash equivalents. Net cash provided by operating activities was $244 million for the year. At December 31, 2020, accounts receivable were $863 million and inventories were $672 million.

Recent Developments

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

The World Health Organization (“WHO”) declared COVID-19 a pandemic in March 2020. The broader implications of COVID-19 on our results of operations and overall financial performance remain uncertain. Starting at the end of the first quarter of 2020 and throughout the second quarter, we experienced constrained supply and slowed customer demand, as well as temporary closures of several of our ADI Global Distribution branches, that adversely impacted business, results of operations and overall financial performance. During the second half of 2020 customer demand improved and on-going cost actions and transformation efforts contributed to improvements in the Company’s results of operations and overall financial performance. As there remains uncertainty around the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company addresses and evaluates the impacts frequently. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K for further discussion of the possible impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.

 

U.S. and international government responses to the COVID-19 outbreak have included “shelter in place,” “stay at home” and similar types of orders. These orders exempt certain products and services needed to maintain continuity of operations of critical infrastructure sectors as determined by the U.S. federal government and certain other countries globally. Although certain of the Company’s operations are currently considered essential and exempt in the United States, Canada and certain other countries globally, there remain certain jurisdictions where there have been and may continue to be restrictions on manufacturing or operations or other government lockdown mandates or recommendations, under which we have temporarily closed certain manufacturing and sales facilities, and restricted operations in others, including manufacturing in Mexico and restricted operations in certain ADI sales branches, although these facilities have since reopened or remained opened with restricted sales activities. If any of the applicable exemptions are curtailed or revoked in the future, that could adversely impact our business, operating results and financial condition. Furthermore, to the extent these exemptions do not extend to our key suppliers and customers, this could also adversely impact our business, operating results and financial condition. We have also implemented work-from-home policies for a significant percentage of our employees, which could negatively impact productivity, disrupt conduct of our business in the ordinary course and delay our production timelines. Due to the significant remote workforce populations, we may also face informational technology infrastructure and connectivity issues from the vendors that we rely on for certain information technologies to administer, store and support the Company’s multiple business activities. Finally, we are incurring increased costs associated with cleaning and other employee safety measures.

Our visibility toward future performance is more limited than is typical due to the uncertainty surrounding the duration and ultimate impact of COVID-19 and the mitigation measures that are implemented by governmental authorities. We also expect business conditions to remain challenging. In response to these challenges, we will continue to focus on those factors that we can control: closely managing and controlling our expenses;

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

aligning our production schedules with demand in a proactive manner as there are changes in market conditions to minimize our cash operating costs; and pursuing further improvements in the productivity and effectiveness of our manufacturing, selling and administrative activities.

2020 Public Offering of Common Stock

 

On November 17, 2020, we entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) which provided for the offer and sale of 17,000,000 shares of common stock at the public offering price of $15.00 per share (the “Offering”). The Offering closed on November 20, 2020. On December 14, 2020 the closing of the exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase an additional 2,550,000 shares of common stock of the Offering price of $15.00 per share as allowed in the Underwriting Agreement. Net proceeds received were approximately $279 million.

Amended and Restated Credit Facilities

On February 12, 2021, we entered into an amended and restated credit agreement (the “A&R Credit Agreement”). The A&R Credit Agreement provides for (i) a seven-year senior secured term B loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $950 million (the “A&R Term B Facility”) and (ii) a five-year senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of $500 million (the “A&R Revolving Credit Facility” and, together with the Term Loan Facilities, the “A&R Senior Credit Facilities”).

Basis of Presentation

Prior to becoming an independent publicly traded company (the “Spin-Off”) on October 29, 2018, our historical financial statements were prepared on a stand-alone combined basis and were derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Honeywell International Inc. (“Honeywell”). Accordingly, for periods prior to October 29, 2018, our financial statements are presented on a combined basis and for the periods subsequent to October 29, 2018 are presented on a consolidated basis (collectively, the historical financial statements for all periods presented are referred to as “Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements”). The Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The historical combined financial information prior to the Spin-Off may not be indicative of our future performance and does not necessarily reflect what our consolidated and combined results of operations, financial condition and cash flows would have been had we operated as a separate, publicly traded company during the periods presented, particularly because of changes that we experienced as a result of our separation from Honeywell, including changes in the financing, cash management, operations, cost structure, and personnel needs of our Company.

The combined financial statements prior to the Spin-Off include certain assets and liabilities that were held at the Honeywell corporate level but were specifically identifiable or otherwise attributable to us. Additionally, Honeywell historically provided certain services, such as legal, accounting, information technology, human resources and other infrastructure support, on our behalf. The costs of these services were allocated to us on the basis of the proportion of net revenue. Actual costs that would have been incurred if we had been a stand-alone company for the entire period being presented would depend on multiple factors, including organizational structure and strategic decisions made in various areas, including information technology and infrastructure. Both we and Honeywell consider the basis on which the expenses were allocated during the period before the Spin-Off to be a reasonable reflection of the utilization of services provided to or the benefits received by us during the periods presented.

Since the completion of the Spin-Off, we have incurred expenditures consisting of employee-related costs, costs to start up certain stand-alone functions and information technology systems and other one-time transaction related costs. Recurring stand-alone costs include establishing the internal audit, treasury, investor relations, tax and corporate secretary functions as well as the annual expenses associated with running an independent publicly traded company including listing fees, compensation of non-employee directors, related board of director fees and other fees and expenses related to insurance, legal and external audit.

Prior to Spin-Off, our environmental expenses for specified Honeywell properties contaminated through historical business operations (“Honeywell Sites”), now subject to the Reimbursement Agreement, were reported within other expense, net in our Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations, which reflect an estimated liability for resolution of pending and future environmental-related liabilities. Prior to the Spin-Off, this estimated

26


RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

liability was calculated as if we were responsible for 100% of the environmental-liability payments associated with certain sites. See Environmental Matters and Reimbursement Agreement sections of Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for additional information.

Reclassification

On January 1, 2020, we changed our classification of research and development expenses from Cost of goods sold to Selling, general and administrative expenses, such that research and development expenses are excluded from the calculation of Gross profit. This change had no impact on Net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share or the Consolidated Balance Sheet, Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flow or Equity. The Company determined the impact on previously issued consolidated and combined annual and interim financial statements was not material. The impact for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, was a decrease in Cost of goods sold and an increase in Gross profit and in Selling, general and administrative expenses of $87 million and $59 million, respectively. The impact of the reclassification for the year ended December 31, 2019 is also reflected in Note 7. Restructuring Charges of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements.

In addition, the prior year segment information was recast to present Corporate separately as well as present Operating profit which replaces Segment Adjusted EBITDA. See Note 21. Segment Financial Data of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for additional information. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period financial statements to conform to the classification adopted in the current period.

Components of Operating Results

Net Revenue

We manage our global business operations through two reportable segments, Products & Solutions and ADI Global Distribution:

 

Products & Solutions: We generate the majority of our Products & Solutions net revenue primarily from residential end-markets. Our Products & Solutions segment includes traditional products, as well as connected products, which we define as any device with the capability to be monitored or controlled from a remote location by an end-user or service provider. Our products are sold through a network of HVAC, plumbing, security, and electrical distributors including our ADI Global Distribution business, OEMs, and service providers such as HVAC contractors, security dealers and plumbers. We also sell some products via retail and online channels.

ADI Global Distribution: We generate revenue through the distribution of low-voltage electronic and security products, as well as smart home, fire, power, audio and ProAV, networking, communications, wire and cable, enterprise connectivity, and structured wiring products that are delivered through a comprehensive network of professional contractors, distributors and OEMs, as well as major retailers and online merchants. In addition to our own security products, ADI Global Distribution distributes products from industry-leading manufacturers, and also carries a line of private label products. We sell these products to contractors that service non-residential and residential end-users. 14% of ADI Global Distribution’s net revenue is supplied by our Products & Solutions Segment. Management estimates that in 2020 approximately two-thirds of ADI Global Distribution’s net revenue was attributed to non-residential end markets and one-third to residential end markets.

Cost of Goods Sold

Products & Solutions: Cost of goods sold includes costs associated with raw materials, assembly, shipping and handling of those products, costs of personnel-related expenses, including pension benefits, and equipment associated with manufacturing support, logistics and quality assurance, non-research and development engineering costs, and costs of certain intangible assets.

ADI Global Distribution: Cost of goods sold consists primarily of inventory-related costs and includes labor and personnel-related expenses.

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

 

Selling, general and administrative expense includes trademark royalty expenses, sales incentives and commissions, professional fees, legal fees, promotional and advertising expenses, personnel-related expenses, including stock compensation expense and pension benefits, and research and development expenses. In addition, prior to the Spin-Off, our selling, general and administrative expense included an allocated portion of general corporate expenses.

Other Expense, Net

Other expense, net consists primarily of Reimbursement Agreement expenses (gains) for certain environmental claims related to approximately 230 sites or groups of sites that are undergoing environmental remediation under U.S. federal or state law and agency oversight for contamination associated with Honeywell historical business operations. Prior to the Spin-Off, other expense, net included the environmental expenses related to these same sites. For further information see Note 19. Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements for discussion of environmental and the Reimbursement Agreement. Other expense, net also includes foreign exchange gains and losses.

Interest Expense

Interest expense consists of interest on our short and long-term obligations, including our senior notes, term credit facility, and revolving credit facility. Interest expense on our obligations includes contractual interest, amortization of the debt discount and amortization of deferred financing costs.

Tax Expense (Benefit)

Provision for income taxes includes both domestic and foreign income taxes at the applicable statutory tax rates adjusted for U.S. taxation of foreign earnings, non-deductible expenses and other permanent differences.

 

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RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

Results of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018

The following table sets forth our Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations for the periods presented:

Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations

(In millions except share and per share data)

 

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Net revenue

 

$

5,071

 

 

$

4,988

 

 

$

4,827

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

3,758

 

 

 

3,711

 

 

 

3,402

 

Gross profit

 

 

1,313

 

 

 

1,277

 

 

 

1,425

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

1,002

 

 

 

1,019

 

 

 

932

 

Operating profit

 

 

311

 

 

 

258

 

 

 

493

 

Other expense, net

 

 

147

 

 

 

118

 

 

 

369

 

Interest expense

 

 

63

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

20

 

Income before taxes

 

 

101

 

 

 

71

 

 

 

104

 

Tax expense (benefit)

 

 

64

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

(301

)

Net income

 

$

37

 

 

$

36

 

 

$

405

 

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding (in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

125,348

 

 

 

122,722

 

 

 

122,499

 

Diluted

 

 

126,324

 

 

 

123,238

 

 

 

122,624

 

Earnings Per Share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.29

 

 

$

3.31

 

Diluted

 

$

0.29

 

 

$

0.29

 

 

$

3.30

 

 

Net Revenue

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Net revenue

 

$

5,071

 

 

$

4,988

 

 

$

4,827

 

% change compared with prior period

 

 

2

%

 

 

3

%

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue increased 2% in 2020 compared to 2019, primarily due to increase in pricing on certain products and acquisitions, partially offset by reduced volume. Net revenue increased 3% in 2019 compared to 2018, primarily due to an increase in volume and pricing on certain products, partially offset by foreign exchange translation.

 

Further discussion of net revenue by segment can be found in the Review of Business Segments section of this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Cost of Goods Sold

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Cost of goods sold

 

$

3,758

 

 

$

3,711

 

 

$

3,402

 

% change compared with prior period

 

 

1

%

 

 

9

%

 

 

 

 

Gross profit percentage

 

 

26

%

 

 

26

%

 

 

30

%

 

29


RESIDEO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

2020 compared with 2019

Cost of goods sold for 2020 was $3,758 million, an increase of $47 million, or 1%, from $3,711 million in 2019. This $47 million increase in cost of goods sold was primarily driven by impact of product expenses related to revenue that was attributable to the operations of the 2020 Herman ProAV acquisition, unfavorable changes in sales mix, and material and labor inflation totaling $137 million. The increased costs were partially offset by the favorable impact of sourcing productivity, transformation programs cost savings, lower charges related to obsolete and surplus inventory, lower spin-related costs, and other cost reductions totaling $90 million.

The primary drivers of flat gross profit percentage were a 100 bps negative impact from changes in sales mix, offset by 100 bps favorable impact of transformation programs cost savings.

2019 compared with 2018

Cost of goods sold for 2019 was $3,711 million, an increase of $309 million, or 9%, from $3,402 million in 2018. This $309 million increase in cost of goods sold was primarily driven by higher revenue in the ADI Global Distribution segment, material and labor inflation and increased production costs including charges related to obsolete and surplus inventory, changes in sales mix, increased headquarter allocations in the period prior to the Spin-Off, expenses related to transformation programs and related restructuring costs, and Spin-Off related costs totaling $435 million. The increased costs were partially offset by sourcing productivity, foreign currency translation, lower environmental expense, and savings in other miscellaneous costs of goods sold totaling $126 million.

The primary drivers to the decrease in gross profit percentage were a 200 bps impact from changes in sales mix, 100 bps impact from material and labor inflation and fixed production costs, and 100 bps impact from headquarter allocations previously classified in selling, general and administrative expense in the period prior to the Spin-Off.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

$

1,002

 

 

$

1,019

 

 

$

932

 

% of revenue

 

 

20

%

 

 

20

%

 

 

19

%