10-K 1 rgco20220930_10k.htm FORM 10-K rgco20220930_10k.htm
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Washington, D.C. 20549


Form 10-K


(Mark One)





For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022








Commission file number 000-26591


RGC Resources, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)




(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)


519 Kimball Ave., N.E., Roanoke, VA


(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(540) 777-4427

(Registrants Telephone Number, Including Area Code)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:


Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $5 Par Value


NASDAQ Global Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☐  No  ☒


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ☐  No  ☒


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 


Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company


Emerging growth company


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. 


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes     No  ☒


The aggregate market value of the common equity held by non-affiliates of RGC Resources, Inc. as of March 31, 2022, the last business day of the its most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based on the last sale price on that date, as reported by NASDAQ, was approximately $169,677,888.


Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the last practicable date.



Outstanding at November 30, 2022

Common Stock, $5 Par Value





Portions of the RGC Resources, Inc. Proxy Statement for the 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.








Page Number





Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements





Item 1.




Item 1A.

Risk Factors



Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments



Item 2.




Item 3.

Legal Proceedings



Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures





Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities



Item 6.




Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk



Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data



Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure



Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures



Item 9B.

Other Information





Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance



Item 11.

Executive Compensation



Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters



Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence



Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services





Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules



Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary












Allowance for Funds Used During Construction

AIF Annual Information Filing


Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)



Asset Retirement Obligation



Alternative Revenue Program, regulatory or rate recovery mechanisms approved by the SCC that allow for the adjustment of revenues for certain broad, external factors, or for additional billings if the entity achieves certain performance targets

ARPA American Rescue Plan Act of 2021


Accounting Standards Codification



Accounting Standards Update as issued by the FASB

ATM At-the-market program whereby a Company can incrementally offer common stock through a broker at prevailing market prices and on an as-needed basis
CARES Act Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act


RGC Resources, Inc. or Roanoke Gas Company


COVID-19 or Coronavirus

A pandemic disease that causes respiratory illness similar to the flu with symptoms such as coughing, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty in breathing



Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity


Diversified Energy

Diversified Energy Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Resources



Dividend Reinvestment and Stock Purchase Plan of RGC Resources, Inc.



Decatherm (a measure of energy used primarily to measure natural gas)



Earnings Per Share



Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974



Eligible Safety Activity Costs, a Virginia natural gas utility’s operation and maintenance expenditures that are related to the development, implementation, or execution of the utility’s integrity management plan or programs and measures implemented to comply with regulations issued by the SCC or a federal regulatory body with jurisdiction over pipeline safety



Financial Accounting Standards Board



Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation



Federal Energy Regulatory Commission


Fourth Circuit

U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals



Accounting Principles Generally Accepted in the United States





Heating degree day, a measurement designed to quantify the demand for energy. It is the number of degrees that a day’s average temperature falls below 65 degrees Fahrenheit



Inventory carrying cost revenue, an SCC approved rate structure that mitigates the impact of financing costs on natural gas inventory



Internal Revenue Service



RGC Resources, Inc. Key Employee Stock Option Plan



Liability Driven Investment approach, a strategy which reduces the volatility in the pension plan's funded status and expense by matching the duration of the fixed income investments with the duration of the corresponding pension liabilities



London Inter-Bank Offered Rate



Mountain Valley Pipeline, L.L.C., a joint venture established to design, construct and operate the Mountain Valley Pipeline and MVP Southgate



Liquefied natural gas, the cryogenic liquid form of natural gas. Roanoke Gas operates and maintains a plant capable of producing and storing up to 200,000 dth of liquefied natural gas



Manufactured gas plant



RGC Midstream, L.L.C., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Resources created to invest in pipeline projects including MVP and Southgate



Mountain Valley Pipeline, a FERC-regulated natural gas pipeline project intended to connect the Equitran's gathering and transmission system in northern West Virginia to the Transco interstate pipeline in south central Virginia with a planned interconnect to Roanoke Gas’ natural gas distribution system

NQDC Plan RGC Resources, Inc. Non-qualified Deferred Compensation Plan

Normal Weather

The average number of heating degree days based on the most recent 30-year period



Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation


Pension Plan

Defined benefit plan that provides pension benefits to employees hired prior to January 1, 2017 who meet certain years of service criteria



Purchased Gas Adjustment, a regulatory mechanism, which adjusts natural gas customer rates to reflect changes in the forecasted cost of gas and actual gas costs


Postretirement Plan

Defined benefit plan that provides postretirement medical and life insurance benefits to eligible employees hired prior to January 1, 2000 who meet years of service and other criteria



RGC Resources, Inc., parent company of Roanoke Gas, Midstream and Diversified Energy



Trading symbol for RGC Resources, Inc. on the NASDAQ Global Stock Market

RNG Renewable natural gas

Roanoke Gas

Roanoke Gas Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Resources



RGC Resources, Inc. Restricted Stock Plan for Outside Directors





RGC Resources, Inc. Restricted Stock Plan for Officers



Steps to Advance Virginia's Energy, a regulatory mechanism per Chapter 26 of Title 56 of the Code of Virginia that allows natural gas utilities to recover the investment, including related depreciation and expenses and provide return on rate base, in eligible infrastructure replacement projects on a prospective basis without the filing of a formal base rate application



Steps to Advance Virginia's Energy Plan, the Company's proposed and approved operational replacement plan and related spending under the SAVE regulatory mechanism


SAVE Rider

Steps to Advance Virginia's Energy Plan Rider, the rate component of the SAVE Plan as approved by the SCC that is billed monthly to the Company’s customers to recover the costs associated with eligible infrastructure projects including the related depreciation and expenses and return on rate base of the investment



Virginia State Corporation Commission, the regulatory body with oversight responsibilities of the utility operations of Roanoke Gas



U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

SOFR Secured Overnight Financing Rate


Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC’s Southgate project, which extends from the MVP in south central Virginia to central North Carolina, of which Midstream holds less than a 1% investment


S&P 500 Index

Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index



Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017



Weather Normalization Adjustment, an ARP mechanism which adjusts revenues for the effects of weather temperature variations as compared to the 30-year average


Some of the terms above may not be included in this filing




Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements


This report contains forward-looking statements that relate to future transactions, events or expectations. In addition, Resources may announce or publish forward-looking statements relating to such matters as anticipated financial performance, business prospects, technological developments, new products, research and development activities and similar matters. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and information available at the time of such statements and are believed to be reasonable and are made in good faith. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements. In order to comply with the terms of the safe harbor, the Company notes that a variety of factors could cause the Company’s actual results and experience to differ materially from the anticipated results or expectations expressed in the Company’s forward-looking statements. The risks and uncertainties that may affect the operations, performance, development and results of the Company’s business include, but are not limited to those set forth in the following discussion and within Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All of these factors are difficult to predict and many are beyond the Company’s control. Accordingly, while the Company believes its forward-looking statements to be reasonable, there can be no assurance that they will approximate actual experience or that the expectations derived from them will be realized. When used in the Company’s documents or news releases, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “objective,” “projection,” “forecast,” “budget,” “assume,” “indicate” or similar words or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “can,” “could” or “may” are intended to identify forward-looking statements.


Forward-looking statements reflect the Company’s current expectations only as of the date they are made. The Company assumes no duty to update these statements should expectations change or actual results differ from current expectations except as required by applicable laws and regulations.







Item 1.    Business.


General and Historical Development


Resources was incorporated in the Commonwealth of Virginia on July 31, 1998 and, effective July 1, 1999, its subsidiaries were reorganized into the Resources holding company structure. Resources is currently composed of the following subsidiaries: Roanoke Gas, Midstream and Diversified Energy.


Roanoke Gas, originally established in 1883, was organized as a public service corporation under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1912. The principal service of Roanoke Gas is the distribution and sale of natural gas to residential, commercial and industrial customers within its service territory in Roanoke, Virginia and the surrounding localities. Roanoke Gas also provides certain non-regulated services which account for less than 1% of consolidated revenues.


In July 2015, the Company formed Midstream for the purpose of becoming a 1% investor in Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC. The LLC was created to construct and operate interstate natural gas pipelines. Additional information regarding this investment is provided under Note 5 of the Company's annual consolidated financial statements and under the Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline section of Item 7.


Diversified Energy is currently inactive.




Roanoke Gas maintains an integrated natural gas distribution system to deliver natural gas purchased from suppliers to residential, commercial and industrial users in its service territory. The schedule below is a summary of customers, delivered volumes (expressed in DTHs), revenues and margin as a percentage of the total for each category. For the purposes of this schedule, margin for the utility operations is defined as revenues less cost of gas. 














    91.3 %     35 %     57 %     63 %


    8.6 %     29 %     35 %     24 %


    0.1 %     36 %     7 %     11 %

Other Utility

    0.0 %     0 %     1 %     2 %

Other Non-Utility

    0.0 %     0 %     0 %     0 %

Total Percent

    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %

Total Value

    62,001       10,325,336     $ 84,165,222     $ 41,640,041  














    91.3 %     37 %     58 %     63 %


    8.6 %     31 %     34 %     25 %


    0.1 %     32 %     7 %     11 %

Other Utility

    0.0 %     0 %     1 %     1 %

Other Non-Utility

    0.0 %     0 %     0 %     0 %

Total Percent

    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %

Total Value

    62,623       9,909,529     $ 75,174,779     $ 39,969,380  


Roanoke Gas’ regulated natural gas distribution business accounted for more than 99% of Resources total revenues for fiscal years ending September 30, 2022 and 2021. The tables above indicate that residential customers represent over 91% of the Company’s customer total; however, they represent less than 40% of the total gas volumes delivered and more than half of the Company’s consolidated revenues and margin. Industrial customers include primarily transportation customers that purchase their natural gas requirements directly from a supplier other than the Company and utilize Roanoke Gas’ natural gas distribution system for delivery to their operations. Most of the revenue billed for these customers relates only to transportation service, and not to the purchase of natural gas, causing total revenues generated by these deliveries to be less than 10%, although they represent more than 30% of total natural gas volumes and approximately 11% of margin for the years presented.




The Company’s revenues are affected by changes in gas costs, changes in consumption volume due to weather and economic conditions and changes in the non-gas portion of customer billing rates. Increases or decreases in the cost of natural gas are passed on to customers through the PGA mechanism as explained in Note 1 of the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements.


The Company’s residential and commercial sales are primarily seasonal and subject to temperature sensitivity as the majority of the gas sold by Roanoke Gas to these customers is used for heating. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, approximately 62% of the Company’s total DTH of natural gas deliveries and 74% of the residential and commercial deliveries were made in the five-month period of November through March.


Roanoke Gas relies on multiple interstate pipelines including those operated by Columbia Gas Transmission Corporation, LLC and Columbia Gulf Transmission Corporation, LLC (together “Columbia”), and East Tennessee Natural Gas, LLC (“East Tennessee”), Tennessee Gas Pipeline, Midwestern Gas Transmission Company and Saltville Gas Storage Company, LLC ("Saltville"), to transport natural gas from the production and storage fields to Roanoke Gas’ distribution system. Roanoke Gas is directly served by two pipelines, Columbia and East Tennessee. Columbia historically has delivered more than 65% of the Company’s required gas supply, with East Tennessee delivering the balance. The rates paid for interstate natural gas transportation and storage services are established by tariffs approved by FERC. The current pipeline and storage contracts expire at various times from 2023 to 2028. The Company anticipates being able to renew these contracts or enter into other contracts to meet customers’ existing demand for natural gas.


The Company manages its pipeline contracts and LNG facility in order to provide for sufficient capacity to meet the current natural gas demands of its customers. The maximum daily winter capacity available for delivery into Roanoke Gas’ distribution system from the current interstate pipelines is 78,606 DTH per day. The LNG facility is capable of storing up to 200,000 DTH of natural gas in a liquid state for use during peak demand. Combined, the pipelines and LNG facility may provide up to 103,606 DTH on a single winter day.


The Company currently contracts with Sequent Energy Management, L.P. to manage its pipeline transportation, storage rights, gas supply inventories and deliveries and serve as the primary supplier of natural gas for Roanoke Gas. Natural gas purchased under the asset management agreement is priced at indexed-based market prices as reported in major industry pricing publications. The current Sequent contract was extended to March 31, 2025.


The Company uses summer storage programs to supplement heating season gas supply requirements. The Company has contracted for 2.4 million DTH of storage capacity from Columbia, Tennessee Gas Pipeline and Saltville in addition to the capacity available at the Company's LNG facility. The balance of the Company’s annual natural gas requirements are met primarily through market purchases made by its asset manager.




The Company’s natural gas utility operates in a regulated, monopolistic environment. Roanoke Gas currently holds the only franchises and/or CPCNs to distribute natural gas in its Virginia service areas. These franchises generally extend for multi-year periods and are renewable by the municipalities, including exclusive franchises in the cities of Roanoke and Salem and the Town of Vinton, Virginia. All three franchise agreements were renewed for a 20-year term, set to expire December 31, 2035. In 2019, the SCC issued a final order granting a CPCN to furnish gas to all of Franklin County. Unlike the CPCNs for the other counties served by Roanoke Gas, the Franklin County CPCN will terminate within five years of the date of the order if Roanoke Gas does not furnish gas service to the designated service area. Roanoke Gas plans to serve the Franklin County area with natural gas delivered through the MVP, once MVP is placed into service.


Management anticipates that the Company will be able to renew all of its franchises prior to their current expiration date; however, there can be no assurance that a given jurisdiction will not refuse to renew a franchise or will not, in connection with the renewal of a franchise, attempt to impose restrictions or conditions that could adversely affect the Company’s business operations or financial condition. CPCNs, issued by the SCC, are generally of perpetual duration and subject to compliance with regulatory standards.




Although Roanoke Gas has exclusive rights for the distribution of natural gas in its service area, the Company competes with suppliers of other forms of energy such as fuel oil, electricity, propane, coal, wind and solar. Competition can be intense among the other energy sources with price being the primary consideration. This is particularly true for those industrial applications that have the ability to switch to alternative fuels. The relationship between supply and demand has the greatest impact on the price of natural gas. Greater demand for natural gas for electric generation and other uses can provide upward pressure on the price of natural gas. Increased demand, including off-shore LNG shipments, and lower storage levels are placing upward pressure on the price of natural gas.


Competition from renewable energy sources such as solar and wind is likely to increase as the political environment currently favors these energy sources through incentives or by placing restrictions on emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. Nevertheless, the Company continues to see a demand for natural gas. Growth in residential and commercial service has been steady as the Company continues to grow its customer base through a combination of extending distribution service and converting other energy users to natural gas.




In addition to the regulatory requirements generally applicable to all companies, Roanoke Gas is also subject to additional regulation at the federal, state and local levels. At the federal level, the Company is subject to pipeline safety regulations issued by the Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.


At the state level, the SCC performs regulatory oversight including the approval of rates and other charges for natural gas sold to customers, the approval of agreements between or among affiliated companies involving the provision of goods and services, pipeline safety and certain other corporate activities of the Company, including mergers and acquisitions related to utility operations.


At the local level, Roanoke Gas is further regulated by the municipalities and localities that grant franchises for the placement of gas distribution pipelines and the operation of gas distribution networks within their jurisdictions.


Human Capital Resources


At September 30, 2022, Resources had 96 full-time employees.  During fiscal 2022, Roanoke Gas notified the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied-Industrial International Union, Local No. 515 (the "Union") representing Company employees of its intent to withdraw recognition of the Union upon expiration of the current agreement.  Effective August 1, 2022, the collective bargaining agreement between the Union and Roanoke Gas expired and the Union, due to the sustained lack of majority support by bargaining unit members, accepted the Company's withdrawal of recognition and disclaimed its interest in serving as the exclusive collective-bargaining representative of employees of Roanoke Gas.  Prior to the expiration of the contract, 16 employees were represented by the Union. Employees had been represented by a union since 1952.


The Company’s business strategy and ability to serve customers relies on employing talented professionals and attracting, training, developing and retaining a skilled workforce. This is particularly relevant as the Company continues to face retirements of key personnel over the next several years.  Like many employers, Resources has been challenged at filling key positions but has been successful in engaging the necessary qualified personnel to fill vacancies by reviewing and adjusting its compensation package to remain competitive in the current market environment.


With respect to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company continues to evaluate and implement its pandemic plan to ensure the continuation of safe and reliable service to customers and to maintain the safety of the Company's employees.


Website Access to Reports


The Company’s website address is www.rgcresources.com. Information appearing on this website is not incorporated by reference in and is not a part of this annual report. The Company files reports with the SEC. A copy of this annual report, as well as other recent annual and quarterly reports are available on the Company's website or through the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding the Company’s filings at www.sec.gov.       





Item 1A.    Risk Factors


Please carefully consider the risks described below regarding the Company. These risks are not the only ones faced by the Company. Additional risks not presently known to the Company or that the Company currently believes are immaterial may also impair business operations and financial results. If any of the following risks actually occur, the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of the Company’s common stock could decline and investors could lose all or part of their investment. The risk factors below are categorized by operational, regulatory, financial and general:




            Availability of sufficient and reliable pipeline capacity.


The Company is currently served directly by two interstate pipelines. These two pipelines carry 100% of the natural gas transported to the Company’s distribution system. Depending on weather conditions and the level of customer demand, failure of one or both of these interstate transmission pipelines could have a major impact on the Company’s ability to meet customer demand for natural gas and adversely affect the Company’s earnings as a result of lost revenue and the cost of service restoration. Frequent or prolonged failure could lead customers to switch to alternative energy sources. Capacity limitations on existing pipeline and storage infrastructure could impact the Company’s ability to obtain additional natural gas supplies, thereby limiting its ability to add new customers or meet increased customer demand and thereby limiting future earnings potential.


Risks associated with the operation of a natural gas distribution pipeline and LNG storage facility.


Numerous potential risks are inherent in the operation of a natural gas distribution system and LNG storage facility, including unanticipated or unforeseen events that are beyond the control of the Company. Examples of such events include adverse weather conditions, acts of terrorism or sabotage, accidents and damage caused by third parties, equipment failure, failure of upstream pipelines and storage facilities, as well as catastrophic events such as explosions, fires, earthquakes, floods, or other similar events.  These risks could result in injury or loss of life, property damage, pollution and customer service disruption resulting in potentially significant financial losses. The Company maintains insurance coverage to protect against many of these risks. However, if losses result from an event that is not fully covered by insurance, the Company’s financial condition could be significantly impacted if it were unable to recover such losses from customers through the regulatory rate making process. Even if the Company did not incur a direct financial loss as a result of any of the events noted above, it could encounter significant reputational damage from a reliability, safety, integrity or similar viewpoint, potentially resulting in a longer-term negative earnings impact or decline in share price.


Security incident or cyber-attacks on the Companys computer or information technology systems.


The Company’s business operations and information technology systems may be vulnerable to an attack by individuals or organizations intending to disrupt the operations of the Company. Such an attack or cyber-security incident on the Company’s information technology systems could result in corruption of the Company’s financial information; disruption of services to our customers; the unauthorized release of confidential customer, employee or vendor information; the interruption of natural gas deliveries to our customers; or compromise the safety of our distribution, transmission and storage systems. The Company has implemented policies, procedures and controls to prevent and detect these activities; however, there are no guarantees that Company processes will adequately protect against unauthorized access. In the event of a successful attack, the Company could be exposed to material financial and reputational risks, possible disruptions in natural gas deliveries or a compromise of the safety of the natural gas distribution system, as well as be exposed to claims by persons harmed by such an attack, all of which could materially increase the Company's costs to protect against such risks. Resources maintains cyber-insurance coverage, which does not protect the Company from cyber incidents but does provide some level of protection to mitigate the financial impacts resulting from such attacks.


Volatility in the price and availability of natural gas.


Natural gas purchases represent the single largest expense of the Company.  Increasing demand from other areas, including electricity generation, combined with other factors, are placing upward pressure on natural gas commodity prices.  If these factors continue for an extended period of time, higher natural gas prices could result in declining sales as well as increases in bad debt expense and increased competition from other energy providers.




Supply disruptions due to weather or other forces.


Hurricanes, floods, fires and other natural or man-made disasters could damage or inhibit production and/or pipeline transportation facilities, which could result in decreased natural gas supplies. Decreased supplies could result in an inability to meet customer demand, service new franchise areas or lead to higher prices and/or service disruptions. Disasters could increase costs to repair damaged facilities and result in delays to restore service to interrupted customers as well as lead to additional governmental regulations that may limit production activity and/or increase production and transportation costs.


Inability to attract and retain professional and technical employees.


The ability to implement the Company’s business strategy and serve customers is dependent upon employing talented professionals and attracting, training, developing and retaining a skilled workforce. As the Company expects key personnel to retire over the next several years, the failure to transition the skills and knowledge of the departing employees to qualified existing or new employees could increase operating costs and expose the Company to other operational, reputational and financial risks.


Increased dependence on technology may hinder the Companys business operations and adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations if such technologies fail.


Over the last several years, the Company has implemented or acquired a variety of technological tools including both Company-owned information technology and technological services provided by outside parties. These tools and systems support critical functions including, scheduling and dispatching of service technicians, automated meter reading systems, customer care and billing, operational plant logistics, and external financial reporting. The failure of these or other similarly important technologies, or the Company’s inability to have these technologies supported, updated, expanded, or integrated into other technologies, could hinder its business operations and adversely impact its financial condition and results of operations.  Although the Company has, when possible, developed alternative sources of technology and built redundancy into its computer networks and tools, there can be no assurance that these efforts would protect against all potential issues related to the loss of any such technologies.


Inability to complete necessary or desirable pipeline expansion or infrastructure improvement projects.


In order to serve new customers or expand service to existing customers, the Company needs to install new pipeline facilities and maintain, expand or upgrade its existing distribution, transmission and/or storage infrastructure. Various factors may prevent or delay the completion of such projects or make them more costly, such as the inability to obtain required approval from local, state and/or federal regulatory and governmental bodies, public opposition to the projects, inability to obtain adequate financing, competition for labor and materials, construction delays, cost overruns, and an inability to negotiate acceptable agreements relating to rights-of-way, construction or other material development components. As a result, the Company may not be able to adequately serve existing customers or expand its distribution system to support customer growth. This could include any potential customer growth or system reliability enhancement resulting from connection to the MVP. Any of these factors could negatively impact earnings.


Impact of weather conditions and related regulatory mechanisms.


The Company’s revenues and earnings are primarily dependent upon weather conditions. The Company’s rate structure currently has a WNA factor that results in either a recovery or refund of revenues due to variation from the 30-year average for heating degree-days. If the WNA mechanism were removed from its rate structure, the Company would be exposed to a much greater risk related to weather variability resulting in earnings volatility. 


Geographic concentration of business activities.


The Company's business activities are concentrated in the Roanoke Valley and surrounding areas. Changes in the local economy, politics, regulations and weather patterns or other factors limiting demand for natural gas could negatively impact the Company's existing customer base, leading to declining usage patterns and financial condition of customers. Furthermore, these changes could also limit the Company's ability to serve its customers or add new customers within its service territory. Any of these factors could adversely affect earnings.




Competition from other energy providers.


The Company competes with other energy providers in its service territory, including those that provide electricity, propane, coal, fuel oil, wind and solar. Price is a significant competitive factor. Higher natural gas costs or decreases in the price of other energy sources may enhance competition and encourage customers to switch to alternative energy sources, thus lowering natural gas deliveries and earnings. Price considerations could also inhibit customer and revenue growth if builders and developers do not perceive natural gas to be a better value than other energy options and elect to install heating systems that use an energy source other than natural gas.


Inability to renew or obtain new franchise agreements or certificates of public convenience.


Roanoke Gas holds either franchises or CPCNs to provide natural gas to customers in its service territory. The franchises are granted by the local municipalities and the CPCNs are granted by the SCC. The ability to renew such agreements is important to the long-term operations of the Company and the ability to obtain new franchises or CPCNs is fundamental to expanding the Company’s service territory. Failure to renew these agreements could result in significant impact to future earnings and the inability to obtain new franchises or CPCNs for new service areas could negatively impact future earnings growth.




Environmental laws or regulations associated with climate change.


Several federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives have been proposed and passed in recent years in an attempt to limit the effects of climate change, including greenhouse gas emissions such as those created by the combustion of fossil fuels, including natural gas. Passage of new environmental legislation or implementation of regulations that mandate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions or other similar restrictions could have a negative effect on the Company’s core operations and its investment in the LLC. Such legislation could impose limitations on greenhouse gas emissions, require funding of new energy efficiency objectives, impose new operational requirements or lead to other additional costs to the Company. Regulations restricting or prohibiting the use of coal as a fuel for electric power generation has increased the demand for natural gas, and could at some point potentially result in natural gas supply concerns and higher costs for natural gas. Legislation or regulations could limit the exploration and development of natural gas reserves, making the price of natural gas less competitive and less attractive as a fuel source for consumers. Future legislation could also place limitations on the amount of natural gas used by businesses and homeowners to reduce the level of emissions, resulting in reduced deliveries and earnings or provide incentives to customers to utilize alternative energy sources not associated with fossil fuels.


Increased compliance and pipeline safety requirements and fines.


The Company is committed to the safe and reliable delivery of natural gas to its customers. Working in concert with this commitment are numerous federal and state laws and regulations. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in the levy of significant fines. There are inherent risks that may be beyond the Company’s control, including third party actions, which could result in damage to pipeline facilities, injury and even death. Such incidents could subject the Company to lawsuits, large fines, increased scrutiny and loss of customers, all of which could have a significant effect on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.


Regulatory actions or failure to obtain timely rate relief.


The Company’s natural gas distribution operations are regulated by the SCC. The SCC approves the rates that the Company charges its customers.  During periods of enhanced inflationary pressure or the incurrence of significant additional costs, if the SCC did not timely authorize rates that provided for the recovery of such costs including a reasonable rate of return on investment in natural gas distribution facilities, earnings could be negatively impacted.


Furthermore, issuance of debt and equity by Roanoke Gas is also subject to SCC regulation and approval. Delays or lack of approvals could inhibit the ability to access capital markets and negatively impact liquidity or earnings.


Compliance with and changes in tax laws.


The Company is subject to extensive tax laws and regulations. New tax laws and regulations and changes in existing tax laws and regulations are continuously being enacted that could result in increased tax expenditures in the future.




Many of these tax liabilities are subject to audits by the respective taxing authority. These audits may result in additional taxes as well as interest and penalties.




Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC.


On January 25, 2022, the Fourth Circuit vacated and remanded on specific issues certain permits issued by the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service to the LLC in respect to the Jefferson National Forest.  On February 3, 2022, the Fourth Circuit vacated and remanded on specific issues the Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for MVP.   Due to the greater uncertainty of the ultimate completion and commercial operation of MVP, the in-service target of summer 2022 was withdrawn.  Additionally, the Company, after assessing the fair value of its investment in the project, using probability-weighted scenarios of ultimate completion and commercial operation, including discounted future cash flows, concluded that an other-than-temporary decline in fair value existed as of February 22, 2022.  The resulting $39.8 million pre-tax impairment loss was recorded in the Company’s fiscal 2022 second quarter financial statements.


The Company re-assesses its equity investment at least quarterly.  In its most recent assessment, due to increasing uncertainty concerning the ultimate completion of the pipeline, and the decision by the LLC's managing partner to record a further impairment of its investment in the joint venture, the Company recorded an additional $15.3 million pre-tax impairment concluding an other-than-temporary decline in fair value existed as of September 30, 2022.  After the subsequent impairment loss, recorded in the Company's fiscal fourth quarter, the total pre-tax loss totaled $55.1 million for the year ended September 30, 2022.


Future circumstances, including but not limited to significant construction delays, further denials of necessary permits and approvals, changes in the probability of ultimate completion, changes in future cash flow assumptions or changes in the discount rate could lead to further and possibly full impairment of the Company's investment in the LLC.


The success of the Company's investment in the LLC is predicated on several key factors including but not limited to the ability of all investors to meet their capital calls when due, timely state and federal approvals and resolving legal challenges to same and completing the construction of the pipeline. Any significant delay, cost over-run or the failure to receive the requisite approvals on a timely basis, or at all, could have a significant effect on the Company's earnings and financial position.


Although the LLC initially received the necessary federal and state permits to construct the pipeline, progress on MVP has been hindered by several legal and regulatory obstacles as the Fourth Circuit, FERC and other governmental agencies have vacated certain agency actions and issued stays, stop orders or delayed authorizations affecting portions or all of the project pending resolution of issues or concerns raised as the project has progressed.  In addition to needing to address the matters referenced above regarding the Jefferson National Forest and Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement, other regulatory and legal matters continue to affect the project.


Ongoing obstacles as discussed above have in the past caused and new future obstacles may cause delays in construction, and may further result in significantly higher projected costs and an extended targeted in-service date for the pipeline. These cost overruns may not be approved for recovery or be recovered through other regulatory mechanisms, and the LLC could be obligated to make delay or termination payments or be responsible for other contractual damages. The LLC could also experience the loss of tax incentives, or delayed or diminished returns, and could be required to write-off all or a portion of its investment in the project. New or extended regulatory, legislative or judicial actions or challenges could lead to additional delays and even higher costs, which could affect future returns for the LLC and materially impact Resources consolidated financial position and results of operations, including Resources ability to pay shareholder dividends at the current level or remain in compliance with credit agreement covenants.  There is no guarantee that the LLC will ultimately (or timely) receive all necessary authorizations or that such authorizations will be maintained in effect following challenge, or even after MVP is placed in service.




In addition, there are numerous risks facing the LLC, which can adversely affect the Company's earnings and financial performance through its investment. The LLC's ability to retain contract crews to complete construction of the pipeline, the inability to obtain or renew ancillary licenses, rights-of-way, permits or other approvals and opposition from pipeline opponents and environmental groups could all influence the successful completion of the pipeline. Should the LLC be unable to adequately address these issues, the LLC’s business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be adversely affected, which could materially impact the financial condition and results of operations of the Company. Any failure to negotiate successful project development agreements for new facilities with third parties could have similar results.


Once in operation, the LLC’s gas infrastructure facilities are subject to many operational risks. Operational risks could result in, among other things, lost revenues due to prolonged outages, increased expenses due to monetary penalties or fines for compliance failures, liability to third parties for property and personal injury damage, a failure to perform under applicable sales agreements and associated loss of revenues from terminated agreements or liability for liquidated damages under continuing agreements. The consequences of these risks could have a material adverse effect on the LLC’s business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Uncertainties and risks inherent in operating and maintaining the LLC's facilities include, but are not limited to, risks associated with facility start-up operations, such as whether the facility will achieve projected operating performance on schedule and otherwise as planned. The LLC’s business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects can be materially adversely affected by weather conditions, including, but not limited to, the impact of severe weather. Threats of terrorism and catastrophic events resulting from terrorism, cyber-attacks, or individuals and/or groups attempting to disrupt the LLC’s business, or the businesses of third parties, may materially adversely affect the LLC’s business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.


Access to capital to maintain liquidity.


The Company relies on a variety of capital sources to operate its business and fund capital expenditures, including internally generated cash from operations, short-term borrowings under its line-of-credit, proceeds from the issuance of additional shares of its common stock and other sources. Access to a line-of-credit is essential to provide seasonal funding of natural gas operations and provide capital budget bridge financing. Access to capital markets and other long-term funding sources is important for capital outlays and funding of the LLC investment. The ability of the Company to maintain and renew its line-of-credit and to secure longer-term financing is critical to operations. Adverse market trends, market disruptions or deterioration in the financial condition of the Company could increase the cost of borrowing, restrict the Company's ability to issue additional shares of its common stock or otherwise limit the Company’s ability to secure adequate funding.


Failure to comply with debt covenant requirements.


The Company's long-term debt obligations and bank line-of-credit contain financial covenants. Noncompliance with any of these covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could accelerate payment on outstanding debt obligations or cause prepayment penalties. In such an event, the Company may not be able to refinance or repay all of its indebtedness, pay dividends or have sufficient liquidity to meet operating and capital expenditure requirements. Any such acceleration would cause a material adverse change in the Company's financial condition.


The cost of providing health care benefits and post-retirement benefits.


The Company provides health care benefits to its employees and covers a portion of the total cost.  The cost of providing these and other benefits to active employees could significantly increase over time due to rapidly increasing health care inflation and any future legislative changes related to providing such benefits.


The Company also provides certain post-retirement benefits. The costs of providing defined benefit pension and retiree medical plans are dependent on a number of factors such as the rates of return on plan assets, discount rates used in determining plan liabilities, the level of interest rates used to measure the required minimum funding levels of the plan, future government regulation, changes in life expectancy and required or voluntary contributions made to the plan. Changes in actuarial assumptions and differences between the assumptions and actual results, as well as a significant decline in the value of investments that fund these plans, if not offset or mitigated by a decline in plan liabilities, could increase the expense of these plans and require significant additional funding. Although the Company has soft-frozen both plans to limit future growth in each plan's liabilities, ongoing funding obligations and expenses could have a material impact on the Company's financial position, results of operation and cash flows should there be a material reduction in the amount of the recovery of these costs through rates currently charged to customers or significant delays in the timing of the recovery of such costs.




Obligations for income taxes that may arise from examinations by taxing authorities.


The Company is subject to domestic income taxes as prescribed by the laws of the United States.  Significant judgments are required in determining the provisions for income taxes. In preparing its tax provisions and returns, the Company must make calculations and assumptions regarding tax treatment of various transactions including the applicability of tax credits.  The Company’s tax returns are subject to examination by the IRS and state tax authorities. Although the Company utilizes the assistance of tax professionals in the preparation of its tax returns, there can be no assurance as to the outcome of these examinations.  If the ultimate determination from an examination results in additional taxes above the amount reflected in its financial statements, the Company will record any additional income taxes as may be required including any interest and penalties that might result.


Exposure to market risks.


The Company is subject to market risks that are beyond the Company’s control, such as commodity price volatility and interest rate risk. The Company is generally isolated from commodity price risk through the PGA mechanism the Company has in place. With respect to interest rate risk, there has been significant upward movement in interest rates.  Much of the Company's outstanding debt is comprised of fixed rate notes or have interest rate swaps in place.  However, these higher interest rates will impact the Company through higher borrowing costs on Roanoke Gas' line-of-credit and Midstream's variable rate credit facility as well as any future borrowings by the Company.


Pandemic outbreak.


A pandemic event such as COVID-19 or other similar diseases could cause a significant economic restriction or recession negatively impacting the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Depending on the duration of these impacts, the liquidity of the Company could be strained, reducing the Company’s ability to complete infrastructure investments and its ability to safely and reliably serve its customers.


Impact from commercial customers: In an effort to reduce the spread of disease, businesses, either on their own or by government mandates, may close or reduce operations to limit contact with the contagion. A reduction in business activity could result in lower natural gas consumption for both production activities as well as space heating, thereby reducing revenues and gross profit. The closing or reduction in operations by businesses, whether temporary or prolonged, could result in a permanent loss of some commercial customers.


Impact from residential customers: The closing of businesses may result in job layoffs or other reductions in employee numbers and/or working hours, thus reducing or eliminating customers’ ability to pay their utility bills and resulting in increased bad debt expense.


Impact on suppliers: A pandemic event could reduce the ability of the Company’s suppliers to supply a sufficient level of natural gas limiting our ability to meet customer demands.




Impact to the Company's employees: Orders by government bodies could result in employees of the Company being required to limit contact with customers or work remotely, thus not allowing them to complete tasks normally requiring a physical presence. Also, if a significant number of employees were to contract the virus or be quarantined, the Company may not be able to complete key or critical tasks, not limited to, but including key financial, reporting, and operational controls.


Impact from SCC actions: The SCC could issue orders in response to a pandemic event that result in increased regulatory oversight, operational mandates or restrictions on normal business activities. Any such action could result in increased operating costs or other financial or operational burdens that may negatively impact the Company's results of operations or financial position.


Impact on financing capabilities: A prolonged economic shutdown due to a pandemic could stress the banking system, thereby limiting the Company’s ability to obtain financing on commercially reasonable terms, which could lead to higher interest costs. Furthermore, a distressed equity market could limit the ability to raise capital through the issuance of Resources’ equity instruments due to depressed prices and low trading volumes.




General downturn in the economy or prolonged period of slow economic recovery.


A weak or poorly performing economy can negatively affect the Company’s profitability. An economic downturn can result in loss of commercial and industrial customers due to plant closings, a loss of residential customers as well as slow or declining growth in new customer additions, all of which would result in reduced sales volumes and lower revenues. An economic downturn could also result in rising unemployment and other factors that could lead to a loss of customers and an increase in customer delinquencies and bad debt expense.


Insurance coverage may not be sufficient.


The Company currently has liability and property insurance to cover a variety of exposures and risks. The insurance policies supporting said coverages are subject to certain limits, deductibles and exclusions. Insurance coverage for risks against which the Company and its industry peers typically insure may not be offered in the future or such policies may expand exclusions that limit the amount of coverage or remove certain risks completely as insured events. Furthermore, litigation awards continue to increase and the limits of insurance may not keep pace accordingly. The proceeds received from any such insurance may not be paid in a timely manner. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows.


Public perception of the natural gas industry in general have had and could continue to have a negative effect on the Company's business and may increase the likelihood of governmental actions directed at the natural gas industry.


Public perception resulting from, among other things, climate change, gas and other hydrocarbon leaks, the explosive nature of natural gas, erosion and sedimentation issues, unpopular expansion projects, environmental justice concerns, and general concerns raised by activists about hydraulic fracturing and pipeline projects has led to, and may in the future lead to, increased regulatory scrutiny, which may, in turn, lead to new local, state and federal safety and environmental laws, regulations, guidelines, enforcement interpretations and/or adverse judicial rulings or regulatory action. As discussed under Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC above, there are several pending challenges to certain aspects of the MVP that affect the project cost and completion timeline.  Failure to resolve these challenges could further increase the cost of completing the pipeline, delay the in-service date or potentially result in the termination of the project.





Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments.




Item 2.    Properties.


Included in “Utility Property” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet are storage plant, transmission plant, distribution plant and general plant of Roanoke Gas as categorized by natural gas utilities. The Company has approximately 1,168 miles of transmission and distribution pipeline with transmission and distribution plant representing 89% of the total utility property investment. The transmission and distribution pipelines are located on or under public roads and highways or private property for which the Company has obtained the legal authorization and rights to operate.


Roanoke Gas currently owns and operates six metering stations through which it measures and regulates the gas being delivered by its suppliers. These stations are located at various points throughout the Company’s distribution system.


Roanoke Gas also owns a liquefied natural gas storage facility located in its service territory that has the capacity to store up to 200,000 DTH of natural gas.


The Company’s executive, accounting and business offices, along with its maintenance and service departments, are located on Kimball Avenue in Roanoke, Virginia.


Although the Company considers its present properties to be adequate, management continues to evaluate the adequacy of its current facilities as additional needs arise.


Item 3.    Legal Proceedings.


The Company is not known to be a party to any pending legal proceedings.


Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.


Not applicable.







Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.


Market Information


Resources' common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Market under the trading symbol RGCO. Payment of dividends is within the discretion of the Board of Directors and depends on, among other factors, earnings, capital requirements, and the operating and financial condition of the Company.



Range of Bid Prices


Cash Dividends


Year Ending September 30, 2022








First Quarter

  $ 25.00     $ 21.32     $ 0.195  

Second Quarter

    23.84       20.25       0.195  

Third Quarter

    22.00       18.01       0.195  

Fourth Quarter

    23.35       19.18       0.195  

Year Ending September 30, 2021


First Quarter

  $ 27.40     $ 22.82     $ 0.185  

Second Quarter

    25.60       22.08       0.185  

Third Quarter

    25.60       21.32       0.185  

Fourth Quarter

    26.02       22.33       0.185  


As of November 18, 2022, there were 992 holders of record of the Company’s common stock. This number does not include all beneficial owners of common stock who hold their shares in “street name."


A summary of the Company’s equity compensation plans follows as of September 30, 2022:









Plan category


Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights


Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights


Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))


Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

    34,500     $ 18.69       411,547  

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders



    34,500     $ 18.69       411,547  


Item 6.    [Reserved].






Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.




Resources is an energy services company primarily engaged in the regulated sale and distribution of natural gas to approximately 62,000 residential, commercial and industrial customers in Roanoke, Virginia, and the surrounding localities, through its Roanoke Gas subsidiary. As a wholly-owned subsidiary of Resources, Midstream is a more than 1% investor in the MVP and a less than 1% investor in Southgate. More information regarding the investment in MVP is provided below and under the Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline section.


Primarily due to decisions in January and February 2022 by the Fourth Circuit vacating and remanding certain permits necessary for the completion of MVP construction and its commercial operation, and the greater uncertainty that exists given the Fourth Circuit's more recent hearing involving an MVP permit, as well as the consequent actions by project partners to impair their respective investments and revocation of the previously disclosed summer 2022 in-service target date, Midstream determined that in April 2022 its investment in the LLC experienced an other-than-temporary decline in value.  Accordingly, management recorded a $39.8 million impairment to the value of its investments in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.  In November 2022, Resources re-assessed the valuation of its investment in MVP in response to the Fourth Circuit's comments regarding a challenge to a water permit certification from the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, ongoing delays in the permitting process as well as the additional impairment recognized by the LLC's managing partner.  As a result, management recorded an additional $15.3 million impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2022 to reflect an additional other-than-temporary decline in value.  In determining the current valuation, the Company, with the assistance of a third party valuation specialist, conducted an evaluation of Midstream's investment to incorporate the recent legal and governmental responses and the expected impact to future cash flows.  As of September 30, 2022, the impairment of the investment in the LLC totaled $55.1 million.


The utility operations of Roanoke Gas are regulated by the SCC, which oversees the terms, conditions and rates charged to customers for natural gas service, safety standards, extension of service and depreciation. Nearly all of the Company’s revenues, excluding equity in earnings of MVP, are derived from the sale and delivery of natural gas to Roanoke Gas customers based on rates authorized by the SCC. These rates are designed to provide the Company with the opportunity to recover its gas and non-gas expenses and to earn a reasonable rate of return for shareholders based on normal weather.  These rates are determined based on the filing of a formal non-gas rate application with the SCC.  Generally, investments related to extending service to new customers are recovered through the additional revenues generated by the non-gas base rates in place at that time.  The investment in replacing and upgrading existing infrastructure, as well as recovering increases in non-gas expenses due to inflationary pressures, regulatory requirements or operation needs are generally not recoverable until a formal rate application is filed to include additional investment and higher costs, and new non-gas base rates are approved.  The gas portion of rates are adjusted at least quarterly by administrative approval based on filings submitted by the Company. 


The Company is also subject to federal regulation from the Department of Transportation in regard to the construction, operation, maintenance, safety and integrity of its transmission and distribution pipelines. FERC regulates the prices for the transportation and delivery of natural gas to the Company's distribution system and underground storage services. In addition, Roanoke Gas is subject to other regulations which are not necessarily industry specific.


As the Company’s business is seasonal in nature, volatility in winter weather and the commodity price of natural gas, can impact the effectiveness of the Company’s rates in recovering its costs and providing a reasonable return for its shareholders. In order to mitigate the effect of weather variations and other factors not provided for in the Company's base rates, Roanoke Gas has certain approved rate mechanisms in place that help provide stability in earnings, adjust for volatility in the price of natural gas and provide a return on qualified infrastructure investment. These mechanisms include the SAVE Rider, WNA, ICC and PGA.




The SAVE Rider provides the Company with a mechanism through which it recovers costs related to SAVE qualified infrastructure investments on a prospective basis, until a formal rate application is filed to incorporate these investments in non-gas base rates.  The SAVE Plan and Rider were last reset effective January 1, 2019, when the recovery of all prior SAVE Plan investment was incorporated into the current non-gas rates.  Accordingly, SAVE Plan revenues continue to increase year over year with fiscal 2022 levels reaching $3,286,000 compared to $2,487,000 in fiscal 2021, reflecting the Company's cumulative investment in qualified SAVE Plan infrastructure since 2019. The current SAVE Plan is focused on replacing first generation, pre-1973 plastic pipe and other qualifying infrastructures projects. Additional information regarding the SAVE Plan and Rider is provided under the Regulatory section below.


The WNA mechanism reduces the volatility in earnings due to the variability in temperatures during the heating season. The WNA is based on the most recent 30-year temperature average and provides the Company with a level of earnings protection when weather is warmer than normal and provides its customers with a level of price protection when the weather is colder than normal. The WNA allows the Company to recover from its customers the lost margin, excluding gas costs, from the impact of weather that is warmer than normal and correspondingly requires the Company to refund to its customers the excess margin earned for weather that is colder than normal.  The WNA mechanism used by the Company is based on a linear regression model that determines the value of a single heating degree day and thereby estimates the revenue adjustment based on weather variance from normal.  Any billings or refunds related to the WNA are completed following each WNA year, which extends for the 12-month period from April to March. The Company recorded approximately $1,973,000 and $1,196,000 in additional revenue from the WNA for weather that was approximately 13% and 8% warmer than normal for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.  The number of heating degree days used to determine normal will change annually as a new year is added to the 30-year period and the oldest year is removed. As a result of adding recent warmer than normal years to replace historical colder years, the number of heating degree days that defines normal has trended downward over the last several years.


The Company also has an approved rate structure in place that mitigates the impact of financing costs of its natural gas inventory. Under this rate structure, Roanoke Gas recognizes revenue by applying the ICC factor, based on the Company’s weighted-average cost of capital, including interest rates on short-term and long-term debt, and the Company’s authorized return on equity, to the average cost of natural gas inventory during the period.  Total ICC revenues increased from $396,000 in fiscal 2021 to $657,000 in fiscal 2022 in response to the impact of rising natural gas commodity prices on average natural gas storage balances.  Monthly average inventory balances, used to calculate ICC revenues, increased by 69% and ending storage balances increased by 115% year over year.


The cost of natural gas is a pass-through cost and is independent of the non-gas rates of the Company. Accordingly, the Company's approved billing rates include a component designed to allow for the recovery of the cost of natural gas used by its customers. This rate component, referred to as the PGA, allows the Company to pass along to its customers increases and decreases in natural gas costs based on a quarterly filing, or more frequent if necessary, with the SCC. Once administrative approval is received, the Company adjusts the gas cost component of its rates to reflect the approved amount. As actual costs will differ from the projections used in establishing the PGA rate, the Company will either over-recover or under-recover its actual gas costs during the period. The difference between actual costs incurred and costs recovered through the application of the PGA is recorded as a regulatory asset or liability. At the end of the annual deferral period, the balance is amortized over an ensuing 12-month period as amounts are reflected in customer billings.


Roanoke Gas is required to submit an AIF each year to the SCC. Included as part of this filing is an earnings test, which is required when the Company has certain regulatory assets. If the results of the earnings test indicate that the Company's regulatory earnings exceed the mid-point of its authorized return on equity range, then certain regulatory assets are written-down and recovery is accelerated to the point where the actual return for the period adjusts to the mid-point of the range.  In years when Roanoke Gas files an application for an increase in non-gas base rates, an AIF is not required; however an earnings test must be completed as part of the application filing. As a result of the preliminary earnings tests conducted in 2022 and 2021, Roanoke Gas expensed $232,000 in regulatory assets related to the R&D tax credit study, a portion of which were incurred during fiscal 2022, and $57,000 in deferred COVID costs in September 2022; and in September 2021, Roanoke gas expensed $217,000 in deferred COVID costs incurred during that period. 




As was discussed under Item 1A "Risk Factors" above, COVID-19 and the resulting pandemic continues to impact the local, state, national and global economies. Supply chain disruptions, labor shortages and inflation have supplanted quarantines and government restrictions as the primary examples of matters impacting economic conditions.  Significant progress was made in distributing and administering vaccines to the public through September 30, 2022, which has allowed a return to mostly normal operating conditions. Most restrictions implemented as a result of the pandemic have been eased, including Virginia’s state of emergency, allowing for increased business, recreational and travel activities. Natural gas consumption by the Company’s commercial customers has largely returned to pre-pandemic levels. However, the easing of restrictions and the existence of variant strains of COVID-19 may lead to a rise in infections, which could result in the reinstatement of some or all of the restrictions previously in place. Management continues to monitor current conditions to ensure the continuation of safe and reliable service to customers and to maintain the safety of the Company's employees. 


See the Regulatory section below for information regarding the service disconnection moratorium, CARES Act and ARPA funds.


The full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will impact the Company depends on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be reasonably predicted, including the increase or reduction in governmental restrictions to businesses and individuals, the potential resurgence of the virus, including variants, as well as efficacy of the vaccines.


Cyber Risk


Cyber attacks are a constant threat to businesses and individuals. The Company remains focused on these threats and is committed to safeguarding its information technology systems. These systems contain confidential customer, vendor and employee information as well as important operational and financial data. There is risk associated with unauthorized access of this information with a malicious intent to corrupt data, cause operational disruptions or compromise information. Management continuously monitors access to these systems and believes it has security measures in place to protect these systems from cyber attacks and similar incidents; however, there can be no guarantee that an incident will not occur. In the event of a cyber incident, the Company will execute its Security Incident Response Plan. The Company maintains cyber insurance to mitigate financial costs that may result from a cyber incident.


Inflation and Rising Prices


Natural gas commodity, delivery and storage capacity costs constitute the single largest expense of the Company representing 61% of fiscal 2022 total operating expenses.  Natural gas commodity prices have increased through fiscal 2022 with a sharp rise during the fiscal third and fourth quarters.  Several factors have contributed to rising natural gas prices including lack of interstate pipeline development, demand rebounding as activity returns to pre-pandemic levels, lower inventory storage levels, increased demand for cleaner energy and global energy conditions, including the Russia/Ukraine conflict.  Roanoke Gas can recover rising natural gas costs through the PGA mechanism as noted above; however, in times of rapidly increasing costs, the timing of recovery may lag.  Increasing natural gas prices, especially in relation to other energy options, may lead to reductions in energy consumption through customer conservation or fuel switching in addition to the potential for higher bad debts related to customers inability to pay higher natural gas bills.


Inflation, due to supply chain delays, labor shortages and limited availability of critical supplies among other factors, affects the Company through increases in non-gas expenses such as labor, employee benefits, materials and supplies, contracted services, corporate insurance and other areas.  The Company recovers non-gas related costs through the non-gas portion of its tariff rates, which are adjusted through a non-gas rate application. Unlike the rate adjustments for the gas portion of rates which are done administratively, the non-gas rate application results in an inherent lag in non-gas expense recovery.  Therefore, authorized non-gas rates may not keep pace with the rising costs during inflationary periods.  Management regularly evaluates the Company's operations, economic conditions and other factors to assess the need to apply for a non-gas rate adjustment. Accordingly, management plans to file a non-gas rate application in early December 2022 to incorporate the increased expense levels and additional rate base, including both SAVE and Non SAVE related plant, since the last non-gas base rate application.  See the Regulatory section for more information.





Results of Operations


The analysis on the results of operations is based on the consolidated operations of the Company, which is primarily associated with the utility segment. Additional segment analysis is provided in areas where Midstream's investment in affiliates represents a significant component of the comparison.  Net income decreased by $41,834,664 to a net loss of $31,732,602 for the year ended September 30, 2022 primarily due to the impairment of the LLC investment and lower equity in earnings.


The Company's operating revenues are affected by the cost of natural gas, as reflected in the consolidated income statement under the line item cost of gas - utility. The cost of natural gas, which includes commodity price, transportation, storage, injection and withdrawal fees with any increase or decrease offset by a correlating change in revenue through the PGA, is passed through to customers at the Company's cost.  Accordingly, management believes that gross utility margin, a non-GAAP financial measure defined as utility revenues less cost of gas, is a more useful and relevant measure to analyze financial performance. The term gross utility margin is not intended to represent or replace operating income, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, as an indicator of operating performance and is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. The following results of operations analyses will reference gross utility margin.


Fiscal Year 2022 Compared with Fiscal Year 2021


The table below reflects operating revenues, volume activity and heating degree days.


Operating Revenues


Year Ended September 30,






Increase / (Decrease)




Gas Utility

  $ 84,035,644     $ 75,045,103     $ 8,990,541       12 %

Non Utility

    129,578       129,676       (98 )     (0 )%

Total Operating Revenues

  $ 84,165,222     $ 75,174,779     $ 8,990,443       12 %


Delivered Volumes


Year Ended September 30,






Increase / (Decrease)




Regulated Natural Gas (DTH)


Residential and Commercial

    6,577,369       6,773,819       (196,450 )     (3 )%

Transportation and Interruptible

    3,747,967       3,135,710       612,257       20 %

Total Delivered Volumes

    10,325,336       9,909,529       415,807       4 %


    3,398       3,610       (212 )     (6 )%


Total gas utility operating revenues for the year ended September 30, 2022 increased by 12% from the year ended September 30, 2021 primarily due to higher natural gas commodity prices, increases in SAVE and ICC revenues and higher transportation and interruptible volumes.  Rising natural gas commodity prices resulted in a 40% per DTH increase in the commodity component of revenue and a 16% per DTH increase in total revenue.  The total demand component of revenue remained relatively unchanged as the corresponding transportation and storage fees declined slightly from the prior year.  Corresponding to the increase in natural gas commodity prices, ICC revenues rose 66% as the average storage injection price per DTH increased from $3.19 last year to $7.98 for the current year.  Transportation and interruptible volumes, primarily driven by business activity rather than weather, increased by 20% due to a single multi-fuel customer that switched its primary fuel to natural gas from an alternate energy source.  Over the last few years, this customer has alternated its primary energy source between natural gas and alternative fuels.  Accordingly, Roanoke Gas expects volatility in the this customer's usage patterns to continue.  Excluding the multi-fuel customer's usage from both periods, total transportation and interruptible volumes would have increased by approximately 2% on a comparative basis.  The weather sensitive residential and commercial natural gas deliveries decreased by 3% corresponding to the decline in heating degree days.  





Gross Utility Margin


Year Ended September 30,










Gas Utility Revenues

  $ 84,035,644     $ 75,045,103     $ 8,990,541       12 %

Cost of Gas - Utility

    42,496,055       35,179,842       7,316,213       21 %

Gross Utility Margin

  $ 41,539,589     $ 39,865,261     $ 1,674,328       4 %


Gross utility margin increased over the prior fiscal year primarily as a result of the aforementioned higher SAVE and ICC revenues, increase in transportation and interruptible deliveries and higher WNA adjusted residential and commercial margins. Even though residential and commercial volumes decreased by 3%, after adjusting for the impact of warmer weather, the WNA mechanism provided for additional margins equivalent to nearly 100,000 DTH more than the corresponding WNA adjusted margin for the prior year.  Other revenues increased due to reinstatement of late payment fees and charges that were suspended during the moratorium prohibiting the disconnection of customers for late or non-payment.  When the moratorium was lifted on August 30, 2021, the Company resumed the assessment of these fees.  


The changes in the components of the gross utility margin are summarized below:



    Years Ended September 30,   Increase  







Customer Base Charge

  $ 14,557,492     $ 14,563,274     $ (5,782 )


    3,285,518       2,487,299       798,219  


    20,901,637       21,188,794       (287,157 )


    1,972,801       1,196,499       776,302  


    657,042       395,626       261,416  

Other Revenues

    165,099       33,769       131,330  


  $ 41,539,589     $ 39,865,261     $ 1,674,328  


Operations and Maintenance Expense - Operations and maintenance expense increased by $1,012,885, or 7%, over the prior year primarily due to increases in bad debt expense, corporate insurance premiums, professional and contracted services and the accelerated amortization of certain regulatory assets, net of higher capitalized overheads.  Bad debt expense increased by $900,000 as the prior year included more than $400,000 in CARES Act funds and $859,000 in ARPA funds applied to delinquent customer account balances.  Bad debt expense was also impacted in the current fiscal year due to higher customer bills related to rising natural gas commodity prices and delinquencies attributed to the prior year moratorium that prevented service disconnections for non-payment until after August 30, 2021.  Corporate insurance premiums increased by $194,000 due to insurance market conditions.  Contracted services increased by $225,000 due to facility maintenance projects, higher costs for the customer call center and cyber security enhancements.  Roanoke gas expensed an additional $289,000 in deferred regulatory assets related to COVID and the R&D tax credit study, compared to $217,000 in the prior year related to COVID expenses as a result of the earnings test conducted for each of the respective years.  The accelerated expensing of deferred costs was required as Roanoke Gas' actual returns exceeded the top of the authorized return range as defined in the last non-gas rate award.  Total capitalized overheads increased by $391,000 on a $5.5 million increase in capital expenditures primarily related to the RNG and capital project timing.


General Taxes - General taxes decreased by $4,893, or less than 1%.   Property tax expense was nearly unchanged as a 7% increase in gross utility property was offset by a corresponding reduction in the assessed values reported by the SCC to the Company.  


Depreciation - Depreciation expense increased by $524,303, or 6%, corresponding to a similar increase in depreciable utility property.


Equity in Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliate - The equity in earnings of the MVP investment decreased by $1,594,227 as the limited growth construction activities and the related accrual of AFUDC ceased in October 2021.  The prior fiscal year reflected higher activity levels early in the year, followed by a halt in growth activities and AFUDC during the second fiscal quarter with limited construction resuming in April 2021 and a much lower level of AFUDC recognized for the remainder of fiscal 2021.  See the Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline section for additional information.




Impairment of Unconsolidated Affiliates - The $55,092,303 impairment is due to two other-than-temporary write-downs of the Company's investment in the LLC that were made during the second and fourth quarters of fiscal 2022.  See Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline and Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates sections for more information.


Other Income, net - Other income increased by $544,837, or 60%, primarily due to a $345,000 decrease in the non-service cost components of net periodic benefit costs and $219,000 in income related to gas distribution property donated by a local housing authority. After receiving approval from the SCC, Roanoke Gas acquired the natural gas facilities from two apartment complexes in exchange for assuming the responsibility for the operation and maintenance of these assets.  The fair value of these assets were reflected in utility property with an offsetting credit to income. See the Regulatory section for more information.  


Interest Expense - Total interest expense increased by $446,044, or 11%, due to a combination of higher total debt levels and increasing interest rates on the Company's variable rate debt.  Total average debt outstanding increased by 8% to meet the funding needs of Roanoke Gas' capital projects and Midstream's continuing investment in the LLC.  The average interest rate increased by 10 basis points as the higher rates on the Company's variable rate debt offset lower rates on the Company's new fixed rate debt issuances.  Total borrowing levels were mitigated by the infusion of $22 million of the $27 million proceeds from the March equity offering into Roanoke Gas and Midstream.


Roanoke Gas' interest expense increased by $189,819, or 7%, as total average debt outstanding increased by $7,300,000 associated with two new debt issues totaling $25,000,000, of which the proceeds were used to pay down the capital bridge financing provided by the line-of-credit and contribute additional financing for the capital budget.  The average interest rate decreased slightly from 3.48% in fiscal 2021 to 3.38% in fiscal 2022. The lower average interest rate was attributable to the two new debt issues that have interest rate swap rates of 2.00% and 2.49%, respectively.  


Midstream's interest expense increased by $256,225, or 21%, as the average interest rate on Midstream's total debt increased from 2.23% to 2.59% related to rising interest rates on the variable rate credit facility combined with a $2,600,000 increase in total average debt outstanding during the period.


Income Taxes - Income tax expense decreased by $14,614,707, moving from a tax expense of $3,204,062 in fiscal 2021 to a net tax benefit of $11,410,645 due to a net deferred tax benefit of $14,180,759 in fiscal 2022 corresponding to the recognition of the impairment of the Company's investment in the LLC. The effective tax rate was 26.5% for fiscal 2022 compared to 24.1% for fiscal 2021. The effective tax rate for the current fiscal year exceeded the combined federal and state statutory rate of 25.74% due to the combination of moving to a taxable loss position combined with additional deductions related to the amortization of the R&D tax credits. Excluding the impairment, the effective tax rate for fiscal 2022 would have been 23.2% representing a decline from 24.1% in the prior year.  


Earnings Per Share and Dividends - Basic and diluted loss per share were $3.48 in fiscal 2022 compared to $1.22 earnings per share in fiscal 2021. Dividends declared per share of common stock were $0.78 in fiscal 2022 compared to $0.74 in fiscal 2021.


Capital Resources and Liquidity


Due to the capital intensive nature of the utility business, as well as the impact of weather variability, the Company’s primary capital needs are the funding of its capital projects, investment in the LLC, the seasonal funding of its natural gas inventories and accounts receivables and payment of dividends to shareholders.  The Company anticipates funding these items through its operating cash flows, credit availability under short-term and long-term debt agreements and proceeds from the sale of its common stock.


Cash and cash equivalents increased by approximately $3.4 million in fiscal 2022 compared to $1.2 million in fiscal 2021. The following table summarizes the categories of sources and uses of cash:


Cash Flow Summary


Years Ended September 30,






Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 15,551,676     $ 11,568,108  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (30,615,878 )     (25,849,237 )

Net cash provided by financing activities

    18,444,799       15,508,380  

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

  $ 3,380,597     $ 1,227,251  




Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities:


The seasonal nature of the natural gas business causes operating cash flows to fluctuate significantly during the year, as well as from year to year. Factors, including weather, energy prices, natural gas storage levels and customer collections, all contribute to working capital levels and related cash flows. Generally, operating cash flows are positive during the second and third fiscal quarters as a combination of earnings, declining storage gas levels and collections on customer accounts all contribute to higher cash levels. During the first and fourth fiscal quarters, operating cash flows generally decrease due to the combination of increasing natural gas storage levels and rising customer receivable balances.


Cash flows from operating activities increased by nearly $4 million from the prior year. The table below summarizes the significant components operating cash flow:



    Years Ended September 30, Increase  

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:








Net Income (Loss)

  $ (31,732,602 )   $ 10,102,062     $ (41,834,664 )

Non-cash adjustments:



    9,182,751       8,669,977       512,774  

Equity in earnings

    (73,327 )     (1,667,554 )     1,594,227  


    (75,154 )     (55,981 )     (19,173 )

Allowance for doubtful accounts

    129,260       (461,130 )     590,390  

Impairment of unconsolidated affiliates

    55,092,303             55,092,303  

Changes in working capital and regulatory assets and liabilities:


Accounts receivable

    (532,630 )     (1,084,726 )     552,096  

Gas in Storage

    (9,049,181 )     (2,158,709 )     (6,890,472 )

Prepaid income taxes

    17,195       (2,457,327 )     2,474,522  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    310,700       2,862,861       (2,552,161 )

Deferred Taxes

    (14,258,294 )     106,188       (14,364,482 )

Change in over (under) collection of gas costs

    3,731,584       (3,314,446 )     7,046,030  


    (185,414 )     (609,888 )     424,474  

Supplier refunds

    2,484,992             2,484,992  

Non-current regulatory liabilities

    507,116       2,367,512       (1,860,396 )


    2,377       (730,731 )     733,108  

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 15,551,676     $ 11,568,108     $ 3,983,568  


Recovery of the prior year under-collection of gas costs and receipt of supplier refunds, net of the impact of the continuing rise in natural gas commodity prices, accounted for much of the nearly $4 million increase in operating cash flows.  At September 30, 2021, Roanoke Gas was in a net under-collected gas cost position of more than $5 million due to timing in adjusting the PGA factor for rising gas costs.  During fiscal 2022, Roanoke Gas collected, through customer billings, nearly $3.6 million of the prior year under-collection.  Roanoke Gas also received supplier refunds totaling nearly $2.7 million from the pipelines that serve the Company.  These refunds are required to be returned to customers over a 12 month period, which began in July 2022.  As noted above, natural gas prices have risen steadily over the last two years; however, commodity prices took a sharp increase during the summer of fiscal 2022, which resulted in an increase in gas in storage of more than $9 million over the same period last year.  The prior fiscal year also reflected an increase of $2.1 million as natural gas prices increased at a slower pace.  As a result, the change in under-collection of gas costs and the receipt of the supplier refunds provided $7.0 million and $2.5 million in additional operating cash flow over last year, while the much higher cost of gas in storage resulted in a reduction of $6.9 million in operating cash flow from last year.  The impairments on the Company's investment in the LLC resulted in significant swings in net income, deferred taxes and the recognition of impairment charges; however, they did not have an operating cash flow impact.




Other significant fluctuations in cash flows from operations include $2.4 million in the prior year primarily related to the establishment of a regulatory liability for the R&D tax credits and the corresponding $2.9 million increase in prepaid income taxes primarily attributable to the pending refunds for the R&D tax credits.


Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities:


Investing activities primarily consist of expenditures related to investment in Roanoke Gas' utility property, which includes replacing aging natural gas pipe with new plastic or coated steel pipe, improvements to the LNG plant and gas distribution system facilities and expansion of its natural gas system to meet the demands of customer growth, as well as Midstream's continued investment in the LLC.  Roanoke Gas' expenditures were approximately $25.5 million and $20.0 million in fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively. Roanoke Gas renewed 8.3 miles of main and 605 service lines and 7.8 miles of main and 620 service lines in fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. The current SAVE Plan is focused on the replacement of pre-1973 first generation plastic pipe in addition to other SAVE related infrastructure. Furthermore, Roanoke Gas’ capital expenditures included costs to extend natural gas distribution mains and services to 544 customers in fiscal 2022, compared to 480 customers in fiscal 2021. Depreciation covered approximately 36% and 43% of the current and prior year's capital expenditures, respectively, with the balance provided from other operating cash flows and financing activities.


Capital expenditures are expected to be around $20 million annually over the next few years as Roanoke Gas continues to focus on its SAVE Plan, completion of the RNG project, as well as system improvements and customer growth. The Company expects to utilize its credit facilities, as well as consider additional equity capital, to meet the funding requirements of these planned expenditures.


Investing cash flows also reflect the fiscal 2022 funding of $5.3 million for Midstream's participation in the LLC. Based on the LLC's managing partner's most recent projections, Midstream's total expected funding requirement is expected to increase to between $68 and $70 million as discussed below, with anticipated cash investment to be approximately $13 million over the next 12 to 24 months. Funding for the investment in the LLC is provided through Midstream's credit facility and three unsecured notes in the combined amount of $32 million. More information regarding the credit facility is provided in Note 7 and under the Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline section below.


Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities:


Financing activities generally consist of borrowings and repayments under credit agreements, issuance of stock and the payment of dividends. Net cash flows provided by financing activities were $18.4 million and $15.5 million in fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively.  The increase in financing cash flows was primarily attributable to Resources' $27 million equity offering in March 2022 of which $12 million was invested in Roanoke Gas and $10 million in Midstream.  Due to these cash infusions from the equity issue and the issuance of Roanoke Gas' $15 million and $10 million unsecured notes and Midstreams' $8 million note, Roanoke Gas was able to pay down its line-of-credit balance and maturing $7 million note and Midstream applied $18 million against its non-revolving credit facility and $125,000 related to an amortizing note.  The Company also realized another $2.0 million from the issuance of stock through DRIP activity, the ATM program and the exercise of options. Cash out-flows for dividend payments exceeded $7.0 million as the annualized dividend rate increased from $0.74 to $0.78 per share and total outstanding shares increased significantly as a result of the equity offering. The Company’s consolidated capitalization was 40.4% equity and 59.6% long-term debt at September 30, 2022, exclusive of unamortized debt expense. This compares to 41.5% equity and 58.5% long-term debt at September 30, 2021. 




Based on the LLC's projected cash requirements for MVP, which includes MVP construction resuming in 2023, Midstream will need between $15 million and $17 million in additional capital over the next 12 to 24 months to meet its funding commitments to the LLC and cover Midstream's operating and financing expenses.  Additionally, the $21.9 million credit facility is scheduled to mature on December 31, 2023 as well as  debt service related to monthly and quarterly scheduled installment payments on two of Midstream's unsecured notes in fiscal 2023 and 2024. Various options are being evaluated, including seeking additional borrowing capacity from its lending partners and/or equity infusion from Resources.


As of September 30, 2022, Roanoke Gas had $28 million available under its line-of-credit agreement. In addition, Roanoke Gas also has private shelf agreements with two different financial institutions.  The first agreement provides for the issuance of up to $40 million in unsecured notes in addition to the $28 million previously issued.  This shelf agreement is scheduled to expire on December 6, 2022; however, management expects to reach an agreement to extend the term of the agreement.  The second agreement provides for the issuance of up to $70 million in unsecured notes during its current term, which expires September 30, 2025.  These debt facilities along with potential equity issuances should provide the Company with sufficient funding to meet its liquidity needs over the next 12 months.


Notes 6 and 7 provide details on the Company's line-of-credit and three debt issuances mentioned above.


ATM Program


Resources issued 4,872 shares of common stock for $112,500, net of $2,813 in fees, under the ATM program for the year ended September 30, 2022.  For the year ended September 30, 2021, Resources issued 142,726 shares of common stock for $3,400,443, net of $85,221 in fees, under the ATM program.


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements


The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Regulation S-K, Item 303(a)(4)(ii).


Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline


Recent construction activity has been limited based on legal and regulatory challenges. Although certain permits and authorizations were received, the MVP project has been subject to repeated, significant delays and cost increases because of legal and regulatory setbacks, particularly in respect of litigation in the Fourth Circuit in January and February 2022 as discussed below.


Following a comprehensive review of all outstanding stream and wetland crossings across the approximately 300-mile MVP project route, on February 19, 2021, the LLC submitted (i) a joint application package to each of the Huntington, Pittsburgh and Norfolk Districts of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Army Corps) that requests an individual permit from the Army Corps to cross certain streams and wetlands utilizing open cut techniques (the Army Corps Individual Permit) and (ii) an application to amend the MVP project’s CPCN that seeks FERC authority to cross certain streams and wetlands utilizing alternative trenchless construction methods.  On April 8, 2022, the FERC authorized the amended CPCN.


Related to seeking the Army Corps Individual Permit, on March 4, 2021, the LLC submitted applications to each of the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ) seeking Section 401 water quality certification approvals or waivers (such approvals or waivers, the State 401 Approvals).  The State 401 Approvals were both issued in December 2021 and are the subject of ongoing litigation.




On January 25, 2022, the LLC’s authorizations related to the Jefferson National Forest (JNF) received from the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service were vacated and remanded on specific issues by the Fourth Circuit. On February 3, 2022, the Fourth Circuit vacated and remanded on specific issues the Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement issued by the United States Department of the Interior’s Fish and Wildlife Service for MVP.  On May 3, 2022, the operator for MVP announced that after evaluating legal options and consulting with the relevant federal agencies, the LLC planned to pursue new authorizations relating to the JNF and a new Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement.  Related to pursuing a new Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement, on July 29, 2022, the LLC submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service an updated supplement to the Biological Assessment (and notified the FERC of such submission), which updated supplement is intended to address aspects of the Fourth Circuit's February 2022 ruling and points raised by project opponents.


Given ongoing litigation and regulatory matters, on June 24, 2022, the LLC filed a request with the FERC for an extension of time to complete the project for an additional four years (relative to a prior obtained extension) through October 13, 2026, which request was granted on August 23, 2022.


On October 25, 2022, oral argument was held in the Fourth Circuit relating to the WVDEP State 401 approval, which oral argument was conducted by the same panel of Fourth Circuit judges as have appeared, and overruled permitting agencies, in numerous prior matters relating to the MVP. Based upon the oral argument, the project operator perceives continued hostility to and risk posed by the Fourth Circuit panel to the LLC’s State 401 Approvals and those potential future authorizations and permits within the Fourth Circuit’s jurisdiction, including any new authorizations for the JNF and new Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement. Further, as of the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, there remains uncertainty with respect to the relevant federal agencies' final permitting issuance timelines.


Notwithstanding prior setbacks and ongoing risks, the MVP Joint Venture continues to engage in pursuing the requisite authorizations necessary under applicable law from the relevant agencies to complete the MVP project. However, in light of the continuing and likely future litigation and regulatory challenges posed to the MVP project (including the need for existing or future authorizations to remain in effect notwithstanding any pending or future challenge thereto) and timing uncertainties within the permitting process, the Company believes that the best path to complete the MVP in accordance with the Company’s previously-communicated targeted full in-service date for the project during the second half of 2023 and at a targeted total project cost of approximately $6.6 billion (excluding AFUDC) is for the United States Congress to expeditiously pass, and there to be enacted, federal energy infrastructure permitting reform legislation that specifically requires the completion of the MVP project, similar to MVP-specific aspects of legislation proposed in September 2022 by each of United States Senators Joseph Manchin and Shelley Moore Capito.


As noted above, the LLC has sought new authorizations relating to the JNF, a new Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement, and the Army Corps Individual Permit. In order to complete the project, in addition to the authorizations with respect to water crossings and other relevant regulatory matters, the LLC needs to continue to have available the orders previously issued by the FERC that are necessary to complete the MVP project and receive authorization from the FERC to complete construction work in the portion of the project route currently remaining subject to the FERC’s previous stop work order and in the JNF. The LLC also is participating in the defense of the State 401 Approvals, which are the subject of ongoing litigation in the Fourth Circuit.


Resources' earnings from MVP are primarily attributable to AFUDC income generated by the LLC. The LLC temporarily suspended the accrual of AFUDC on the project from January 1, 2021 (due to a temporary reduction in growth construction activities) through March 31, 2021.  Limited growth construction activities resumed in April 2021, and the LLC began accruing AFUDC associated with those activities.  In November 2021, the LLC suspended the accrual of AFUDC for the winter curtailment period and until such time as growth construction activities may resume. Additionally, Roanoke Gas continues the suspension of AFUDC accruals on its two gate stations that will interconnect with MVP until such time as construction activities resume on the respective gate stations.




In April 2018, the LLC announced the Southgate project and submitted Southgate's certificate application to the FERC in November 2018.  In June 2020, the FERC issued the CPCN for Southgate; however, the FERC, while authorizing the project, directed the Office of Energy Projects not to issue a notice to proceed with construction until necessary federal permits are received for MVP and the Director of the Office of Energy Projects lifts the stop work order and authorizes the LLC to continue constructing MVP.  In addition, there have been certain other litigation and regulatory-related delays affecting completion of the MVP Southgate project, including on August 11, 2020, the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality denied Southgate's application for a Clean Water Act Section 401 Individual Water Quality Certification and Jordan Lake Riparian Buffer Authorization due to uncertainty surrounding MVP's completion, which denial was reissued in April 2021 following an appellate proceeding.  On December 3, 2021, the Virginia State Air Pollution Control Board denied the permit for Southgate's Lambert compressor station, which decision the LLC initially appealed before withdrawing its request to review the denial.


Given the continually evolving regulatory and legal environment for greenfield pipeline construction projects, as well as factors specific to MVP and Southgate, the LLC continues to evaluate Southgate including engaging in discussions with Dominion Energy North Carolina regarding options with respect to Southgate, including likely refining the project's design, scope and timing.  Dominion Energy North Carolina's obligations under the precedent agreement in support of the original project are subject to certain conditions, including that the LLC would have completed construction of the project facilities by June 1, 2022, which deadline is subject to extension by virtue of previously declared events of force majeure.  The project operator has announced that it is unable to predict the results of the discussions between the LLC and Dominion Energy North Carolina, including any potential modifications to the project, or ultimate undertaking or completion of the project.


Management conducted an assessment of its investment in the LLC in accordance with the provisions of ASC 323, Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures. This assessment included a third-party valuation.  As a result of its evaluation, management concluded that the investment in the LLC sustained an other-than-temporary decline in fair value as of February 22, 2022 and recorded a pre-tax impairment loss of approximately $39.8 million in its second quarter operating results to the consolidated financial statements. Management re-evaluated its investment as of September 30, 2022 and recognized an additional $15.3 million impairment in the fourth quarter.  Management will continue monitoring the status of MVP and Southgate for circumstances that may lead to future impairments, including further delays or denials of necessary permits and approvals. If necessary, the amount and timing of any further impairment would be dependent on the specific circumstances, including changes to probabilities of completion, and changes in the assumed future cash flows, and discount rate at the time of evaluation. 


Midstream had borrowing capacity of $23 million under its non-revolving credit facility, which matures in December 2023. As of September 30, 2022, $21.9 million had been utilized.  Effective November 1, 2021, the borrowing capacity under this credit facility was reduced to $33 million as $8 million of the outstanding balance was re-financed through a separate unsecured promissory note.  Effective March 31, 2022, the borrowing capacity under the credit facility was further reduced to its current $23 million level as $10 million of the outstanding balance was paid.  See Note 7 for more information. This credit facility will provide limited financing capacity for MVP funding; however, due to ongoing delays, additional financing will be required. Management is evaluating various options to secure the necessary capital including discussions with Midstream's current lenders and the potential for additional equity capital. If the legal and regulatory challenges, including any future challenges, are not resolved in a timely manner and/or restrictions are imposed that impact future construction, the cost of the MVP and Midstream's capital contributions may increase above current projections.




In April 2020, the SCC issued an order allowing regulated utilities in Virginia to defer certain incremental, prudently incurred costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and to apply for recovery at a future date. Roanoke Gas deferred certain COVID-19 related costs during fiscal 2022 and 2021.  However, based on the Company’s preliminary earnings test for those years, Roanoke Gas' earnings exceeded the authorized return on equity on which the Company’s rates were established in its last rate proceeding.  Accordingly, Roanoke Gas expensed $57,000 and $217,000 in COVID-19 related deferred costs during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively.




Roanoke Gas continues to recover the costs of its infrastructure replacement program through its SAVE Rider.  In May 2022, Roanoke Gas filed its most recent SAVE application with the SCC to update the SAVE Plan and Rider for the period October 2022 through September 2023.  The updated SAVE Rider is designed to collect approximately $4.1 million in annual revenues representing approximately a $650,000 increase over the current SAVE Rider.  The Company received a final order from the SCC on the SAVE Rider application on August 23, 2022 approving the application with the new rates placed into effect in October 2022. 


On May 16, 2022, Roanoke Gas announced a cooperative agreement under which Roanoke Gas and the Western Virginia Water Authority will produce commercial quality renewable natural gas, or RNG, from biogas produced at the regional water pollution control plant.  In August 2022, Roanoke Gas filed an application with the SCC seeking approval of a rate adjustment clause under which the Company will recover the costs associated with constructing, owning, operating and maintaining the renewable natural gas facility.  The application was filed under Chapter 30 of Title 56 of the Code of Virginia.  The Company expects a final order from the Commission in January 2023.


On June 2, 2022, Roanoke Gas filed an application with the SCC to acquire certain natural gas distribution assets from a local housing authority.  Under this application, the Company requested the approval to acquire such facilities at five separate apartment complexes, located in the Company’s service territory, that were under housing authority management.  Under the proposed plan, the housing authority would renew existing natural gas distribution facilities to include mains, services and meter installations and then transfer ownership of these facilities to Roanoke Gas.  In turn, Roanoke Gas would assume responsibility for the operation and maintenance of these assets and recognize a gain related to the asset acquisition equal to the cost associated with the renewal.


On July 19, 2022, the SCC approved the application and on August 4, 2022, the housing authority transferred the assets from two apartment complexes to Roanoke Gas. Roanoke Gas recorded these assets and recognized a pre-tax gain of approximately $219,000 during the Company’s fiscal fourth quarter. The housing authority expects to complete the upgrade and subsequent asset transfer at one more apartment complex in fiscal 2023.  The authority is awaiting future funding to complete two additional apartment complexes.  The timing of funding and the completion of the asset renewals for these two complexes is unknown at this time.


On September 30, 2022, the Company filed notice with the SCC that it intended to file a non-gas base rate case.  The Company plans to file in early December with the rates expected to become effective on January 1, 2023 on an interim basis subject to refund. 


The final order from the last non-gas base rate increase excluded from current rates a return on the investment in two gate stations that would interconnect with the MVP; however, the SCC allowed Roanoke Gas to defer the related financing costs of those investments for possible future recovery. As a result, the Company began recognizing AFUDC during the second quarter of fiscal 2020 to capitalize both the equity and debt financing costs incurred during the construction phases.  Beginning January 2021, Roanoke Gas temporarily ceased recording AFUDC on its related MVP interconnect construction projects until such time as construction activities resume. For the year ended September 30, 2021, the Company recognized a total of $55,981 in AFUDC related to the two gates stations, $41,978 of equity and $14,003 of debt carrying costs.  In connection with the RNG project, Roanoke Gas began accruing AFUDC in fiscal 2022 associated with construction of the facility.  For the year ended September 30, 2022, Roanoke Gas recognized a total of $75,154 in AFUDC, $59,243 of equity and $15,911 of debt carrying costs.


The service disconnection moratorium under which the Company had been operating since March 16, 2020, expired August 30, 2021. During the moratorium, utilities were prohibited from disconnecting residential customers for non-payment of their natural gas service and from assessing late payment fees; therefore, residential customers that ordinarily would have been disconnected for non-payment continued incurring charges for gas service. As a result, the Company’s arrearage balances were at historically high levels, which has resulted in a higher potential for bad debt write-offs. 


In December 2020, Roanoke Gas received $403,000 in CARES Act funds to assist customers with growing past due balances. Based on guidance provided by the SCC, the Company was able to apply the full amount to eligible customer accounts during the second and third fiscal quarters of fiscal 2021. On October 28, 2021, Roanoke Gas received notification from the SCC that its application for ARPA funds had been approved.  The Company received $859,000 based on arrearage balances as of August 31, 2021.  These funds were considered in the valuation of the estimated allowance for credit losses as of September 30, 2021 and applied to customer accounts in early part of fiscal 2022. 




Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates


The consolidated financial statements of Resources are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in the Company’s financial statements are affected by accounting policies, estimates and assumptions that are necessary to comply with generally accepted accounting principles. Estimates used in the financial statements are derived from prior experience, statistical analysis and professional judgments. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates and assumptions.


The Company considers an estimate to be critical if it is material to the financial statements and requires assumptions to be made that were uncertain at the time the estimate was made and changes in the estimate are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. The Company considers the following accounting policies and estimates to be critical.


Investments - Under the provisions of ASC 323, Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures, the Company is required to evaluate its investment in the LLC to determine if the fair value of the investments are below the carrying amount and if this decline in fair value is considered other-than-temporary.  If the results of the evaluation indicate that the decline in fair value is other-than-temporary, then the recognition of an impairment is required. The following events or circumstances would indicate the potential of an other-than-temporary decline in the fair value of the investment in the LLC:


• a prolonged period of time that the fair value is below the investor’s carrying value;


• the current expected financial performance is significantly worse than anticipated when the investor originally invested in the investee;


• adverse regulatory action is expected to substantially reduce the investee’s product demand or profitability;


• the investee has lost significant customers or suppliers with no immediate prospects for replacement;


• the investee’s discounted or undiscounted cash flows are below the investor’s carrying amount; and


• the investee’s industry is declining and significantly lags the performance of the economy as a whole.


The determination of fair value of the Company's investment in the LLC is a significant estimate.  Management has conducted quarterly evaluations of its investment in the LLC, with the assistance of a valuation specialist, to determine the fair value utilizing an income approach and probability scenarios of discounted cash flows.  In conducting these evaluations, management made a variety of assumptions that it believes to be reasonable.  Variations in many of these assumptions could have a significant impact on the calculation of the fair value and the resulting level of impairment recorded.  Furthermore, these assumptions are based on the facts and circumstances at the date of the evaluations and are subject to change.  See the Equity Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline section for additional information regarding the LLC valuation and impairment.


Regulatory accounting - The Company’s regulated operations follow the accounting and reporting requirements of ASC 980, Regulated Operations. The economic effects of regulation can result in a regulated company deferring costs that have been or are expected to be recovered from customers in a period different from the period in which the costs would be charged to expense by an unregulated enterprise. When this occurs, costs are deferred as regulatory assets on the consolidated balance sheet and recorded as expenses in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income when such amounts are reflected in rates. Additionally, regulators can impose regulatory liabilities upon a regulated company for amounts previously collected from customers and for current collection in rates of costs that are expected to be incurred in the future.


If, for any reason, the Company ceases to meet the criteria for application of regulatory accounting treatment for all or part of its operations, the Company would remove the applicable regulatory assets or liabilities from the consolidated balance sheet and include them in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the period in which the discontinuance occurred. The write-down of the COVID asset and deferred R&D tax credit study costs are consistent with the provisions of ASC 980.




Revenue recognition - Regulated utility sales and transportation revenues are based upon rates approved by the SCC. The non-gas cost component of rates may not be changed without a formal rate application and corresponding authorization by the SCC in the form of a Commission order; however, the gas cost component of rates is adjusted quarterly, or more frequently if necessary, through the PGA mechanism. When the Company files a request for a non-gas rate increase, the SCC may allow the Company to place such rates into effect subject to refund pending a final order. Under these circumstances, the Company estimates the amount of increase it anticipates will be approved based on the best available information.


The Company also bills customers through a SAVE Rider that provides a mechanism to recover on a prospective basis the costs associated with the Company’s expected investment related to the replacement of natural gas distribution pipe and other qualifying projects. As authorized by the SCC, the Company adjusts billed revenues monthly through the application of the WNA model. As the Company's non-gas rates are established based on the 30-year temperature average, monthly fluctuations in temperature from the 30-year average could result in the recognition of more or less revenue than for what the non-gas rates were designed. The WNA authorizes the Company to adjust monthly revenues for the effects of variation in weather from the 30-year average with a corresponding entry to a WNA receivable or payable. At the end of each WNA year, the Company refunds excess revenue collected for weather that was colder than the 30-year average or bills customers for revenue short-fall resulting from weather that was warmer than normal. As required under the provisions of ASC 980, the Company recognizes billed revenue related to SAVE projects and from the WNA to the extent such revenues have been earned under the provisions approved by the SCC.


The Company bills its regulated natural gas customers on a monthly cycle. The billing cycle for most customers does not coincide with the accounting periods used for financial reporting. The Company accrues revenue for estimated natural gas delivered to customers but not yet billed during the accounting period. The following month, the unbilled estimate is reversed, the actual usage is billed and a new unbilled estimate is calculated. The consolidated financial statements include unbilled revenue of $1,585,062 and $1,191,227 as of September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.


Under the provisions of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the Company recognizes revenues when natural gas is delivered to customers (the performance obligation) based on SCC approved tariff rates (the transaction price). The Company recognizes revenue through both billed and unbilled customer usage. The Company also recognizes revenue through ARPs, including the WNA.


Allowance for Credit Losses - The Company evaluates the collectability of its accounts receivable balances based upon a variety of factors including loss history, level of delinquent account balances, collections on previously written off accounts and general economic conditions. The historical model used in valuing reserve for bad debts has been consistently applied prior to COVID-19 and has produced reasonable estimates for valuing the potential credit losses on customer accounts receivable. With the arrival of COVID-19 and the unprecedented widespread impact deriving from the pandemic, including the 17 month disconnection moratorium which ended August 30, 2021, the estimation of the Company's allowance for credit losses has become more subjective with greater reliance on qualitative assessments and judgment rather than historical patterns.  This greater focus on qualitative assessments continued into fiscal 2022 as the residual impact of COVID and the availability of federal financial assistance through the CARES Act and ARPA that were incorporated into fiscal 2021 credit loss estimates continue to have an effect on customer payment patterns as well as the effect of higher natural gas prices reflected on current customer bills.  Accordingly, based on management's evaluation and assessments, the total allowance for credit losses were estimated at $371,271 and $242,010 as of September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.    


Pension and Postretirement Benefits - The Company offers a pension plan and a postretirement plan to eligible employees. The expenses and liabilities associated with these plans, as disclosed in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements, are based on numerous assumptions and factors, including provisions of the plans, employee demographics, contributions made to the plan, return on plan assets and various actuarial calculations, assumptions and accounting requirements. In regard to the pension plan, specific factors include assumptions regarding the discount rate used in determining future benefit obligations, expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, compensation increases and life expectancies. Similarly, the postretirement medical plan also requires the estimation of many of the same factors as the pension plan in addition to assumptions regarding the rate of medical inflation and Medicare availability. Actual results may differ materially from the results expected from the actuarial assumptions due to changing economic conditions, differences in actual returns on plan assets, different rates of medical inflation, volatility in interest rates and changes in life expectancy. Such differences may result in a material impact on the amount of expense recorded in future periods or the value of the obligations on the consolidated balance sheet.




In selecting the discount rate to be used in determining the benefit liability, the Company utilized the FTSE Pension Discount Curve, which incorporates the rates of return on high-quality, fixed-income investments that corresponded to the length and timing of benefit streams expected under both the pension plan and postretirement plan. The Company used a discount rate of 5.15% and 5.16%, respectively, for valuing its pension plan liability and postretirement plan liability at September 30, 2022. These discount rates represent an increase from the 2.73% and 2.70% rates used for valuing the corresponding liabilities at September 30, 2021. The increase in discount rates corresponds to the market reactions to the inflationary pressures on the current financial environment resulting from labor shortages and supply chain issues, among other factors.  The yield on the 30-year Treasury increased from 2.08% last year to 3.79% at September 30, 2022. Corporate bond rates experienced a larger increase as credit spreads appear to have widened. The rise in the discount rates was the primary factor in the reduction of the benefit obligations for both the pension and the postretirement plan. Mortality assumptions were based on the PRI-2012 Mortality Table with generational mortality improvements using Projection Scale MP-2021 for the current year valuation.


Management has continued to focus on reducing risk in the Company's defined benefit plans with a greater emphasis on pension plan risk. In 2016, the Company offered a one-time, lump-sum payout of the pension benefit to vested former employees who were not receiving payments under the plan. In 2017, the Company implemented a "soft freeze" to the pension plan whereby employees hired on or after January 1, 2017 would not be eligible to participate. Employees hired prior to that date continue to accrue benefits based on compensation and years of service. This "soft freeze" mirrored the strategy in 2000 when the Company implemented a similar freeze in its postretirement plan. In October 2020, the Company again offered a one-time lump-sum payout option of deferred pension benefits to those vested terminated employees not currently receiving pension benefits. Lump sum payments of $717,197 were made to those participants that elected this option and reduced corresponding pension liabilities by approximately $965,000 in fiscal 2021.  Each of these strategies have served to limit liability growth and reduce volatility.


The Company also has focused on its asset investment strategy. With the soft freeze of both the pension and postretirement plans, future liability growth associated with participant service and compensation has been limited.  Under the pension plan, the portion of the liability attributable to active eligible employees continuing to accrue benefits has declined from 56% of the liability as of the date of the soft freeze to 39% in fiscal 2022.  The remaining 61% of the 2022 liability is set subject to variability due to changes in the discount rate and mortality adjustments.  Since January 2017 when the pension plan froze access to new employees, the asset allocation has transitioned from a 60% equity and  40% fixed income allocation to a 30% equity and 70% fixed income allocation.  During the same period, the fixed income portion of the plan was transitioned to an LDI approach with the fixed income assets invested in securities with a duration that corresponds to the duration of the corresponding liability for benefits to be paid.  This synchronization of 70% of the pension assets with the pension liabilities has reduced volatility in the funded status of the plan as well as the corresponding expense.  This is evidenced by the September 30, 2022 valuation where the projected benefit obligation declined by $10.4 million primarily due to an actuarial gain of $10.9 million, while total plan assets experienced a decline of $10.9 million, primarily due to rising interest rates reducing the value of the fixed income assets.  Although both components used in determining the funded status reflected significant movements, the funded status still maintained a ratio of 103% for both periods.  The 30% allocation to equity investments provides asset growth potential to offset increases in the pension liability related to those employees continuing to accrue benefits. Management will continue to evaluate the investment allocation as the liabilities mature and make adjustments as necessary.


The Company has not made a change in investment allocation for the postretirement plan assets as increasing medical and insurance costs warrant the need for a continued higher allocation to equities for future plan asset growth potential.  During fiscal 2022, the postretirement plan assets decreased by $3.7 million and liabilities decreased by $4.4 million.  The funded status for the postretirement plan was 98% and 95% as of September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.  As the number of participants in the postretirement plan continue to decline through attrition, management will continue to monitor and evaluate the asset allocation and adjust as warranted.




A summary of the funded status of both the pension and postretirement plans is provided below:


Funded status - September 30, 2022








Benefit Obligation

  $ 27,268,456     $ 12,416,546     $ 39,685,002  

Fair value of assets

    28,017,797       12,138,119       40,155,916  

Funded status

  $ 749,341     $ (278,427 )   $ 470,914  


Funded status - September 30, 2021








Benefit Obligation

  $ 37,654,468     $ 16,796,849     $ 54,451,317  

Fair value of assets

    38,914,107       15,882,342       54,796,449  

Funded status

  $ 1,259,639     $ (914,507 )   $ 345,132  


The Company annually evaluates the long-term rate of return on its targeted investment allocation model as well as the overall asset allocation of its benefit plans and reviews both plans' potential long-term rate of return with its investment advisors to determine the rates used in each plan's actuarial assumptions.  Management lowered the long-term rate of return assumption from 4.75% in fiscal 2022 to 4.50% in fiscal 2023 based on evaluation by the Company's investment advisor and management's assessment of the current market environment. The long-term rate of return for the postretirement plan declined from 4.25% in fiscal 2022 to 3.95% in fiscal 2023 for the same reasons as the pension plan. Management will continue to re-evaluate the return assumptions and asset allocation and adjust both as market conditions warrant.


Management estimates that the Company will have no minimum funding requirements next year. Furthermore, the Company currently does not expect to make contributions to its pension plan and postretirement plan in fiscal 2023 due to other financing considerations. The Company will continue to evaluate its benefit plan funding levels in light of funding requirements and ongoing investment returns and make adjustments, as necessary, to avoid benefit restrictions and minimize PBGC premiums.


The following schedule reflects the sensitivity of pension costs to changes in certain actuarial assumptions, assuming that the other components of the calculation remain constant.


Actuarial Assumptions - Pension Plan


Change in Assumption


Increase in Pension Cost


Increase in Projected Benefit Obligation


Discount rate

    -0.25 %   $ 90,000     $ 888,000  

Rate of return on plan assets

    -0.25 %     68,000       N/A  

Rate of increase in compensation

    0.25 %     33,000       153,000  


The following schedule reflects the sensitivity of postretirement benefit costs from changes in certain actuarial assumptions, while the other components of the calculation remain constant.


Actuarial Assumptions - Postretirement Plan


Change in Assumption


Increase (Decrease) in Postretirement Benefit Cost


Increase in Accumulated Postretirement Benefit Obligation


Discount rate

    -0.25 %   $ (19,000 )   $ 378,000  

Rate of return on plan assets

    -0.25 %     39,000       N/A  

Medical claim cost increase

    0.25 %     22,000       371,000  


Derivatives - The Company may hedge certain risks incurred in its operation through the use of derivative instruments. The Company applies the requirements of ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, which requires the recognition of derivative instruments as assets or liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at fair value. In most instances, fair value is based upon quoted futures prices for natural gas commodities and interest rate futures for interest rate swaps. Changes in the commodity and futures markets will impact the estimates of fair value in the future. Furthermore, the actual market value at the point of realization of the derivative may be significantly different from the values used in determining fair value in prior financial statements. The Company had five interest-rate swaps outstanding at September 30, 2022 related to its variable rate notes. See Notes 1 and 7 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the swaps.




Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.


Not applicable.


Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.





RGC Resources, Inc. and Subsidiaries


Consolidated Financial Statements

for the Years Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

and Report of Independent

Registered Public Accounting Firm











Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB ID 423)



Consolidated Financial Statements for the Years Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021:


Consolidated Balance Sheets



Consolidated Statements of Income



Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)



Consolidated Statements of Stockholders Equity



Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows



Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements









Board of Directors and Stockholders

RGC Resources, Inc.

Roanoke, Virginia


Opinion on the Financial Statements


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of RGC Resources, Inc. and Subsidiaries (“the Company”) as of September 30, 2022 and 2021, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended September 30, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended September 30, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


Basis for Opinion


These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.


Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


Critical Audit Matter


The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.




Valuation of Equity Method Investment in Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC (MVP)


Description of the matter


As of September 30, 2022, the Company has investments in unconsolidated affiliates of $13.8 million. The majority of this amount, $13.7 million consists of an equity method investment in the Mountain Valley Pipeline, LLC.  As discussed in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company accounts for its investment in MVP under the equity method because it has the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over MVP’s operating and financial policies. The Company reviews the carrying value of its investments in unconsolidated entities for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate a decline in value. When there is evidence of loss in value that is other than temporary, the Company compares the investment's carrying value to its estimated fair value to determine whether impairment has occurred.  The Company evaluated its investment in MVP for impairment and determined the carrying value exceeded the fair value at September 30, 2022. Accordingly, an impairment loss of $55.1 million was recorded reducing the investment in unconsolidated affiliates from $68.9 million to $13.8 million as of September 30, 2022. The Company contracted a third party valuation specialist to perform a valuation of this investment as of September 30, 2022.


Auditing management’s evaluation of impairment of the equity investment in MVP was complex due to significant judgment required to determine fair value of the investment. In particular, fair value estimates of the investment in MVP were sensitive to significant assumptions, including discounted cash flows and probability estimates employed. These assumptions could be affected by factors such as adverse macroeconomic conditions or permit and litigation matters impacting MVP. Audit procedures performed to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s estimates required a high degree of auditor judgement and increased effort.


How We Addressed the Matter in our Audit


We obtained an understanding of the Company’s equity method investment impairment evaluation process and significant assumptions described above.  In order to test this process, we performed audit procedures regarding methodologies utilized, significant assumptions, and underlying data in the analyses for completeness and accuracy. We involved valuation specialists from our firm to assist in reviewing valuation methodology and testing the discount rate assumption.


Audit procedures related to discounted future cash flows included, among others, procedures to evaluate cash flows considered in the valuation. Audit procedures related to probability estimates included assessment of management's considerations in development of these estimates. Additionally, we performed procedures to assess management’s consideration of potential changes in legal or regulatory trends and how such developments could impact significant assumptions that influence the in-service dates or viability of the project, and evaluated the sufficiency of the Company’s financial statement disclosures.


/s/ Brown Edwards & Company, L.L.P 


We have served as the Company's auditor since 2006.


Roanoke, Virginia

December 2, 2022








AS OF September 30, 2022 AND 2021











Cash and cash equivalents

 $4,898,914  $1,518,317 

Accounts receivable, net

  5,353,270   4,949,900 

Materials and supplies

  1,228,554   1,031,666 

Gas in storage

  16,916,651   7,867,470 

Prepaid income taxes

  3,087,755   3,104,950 

Regulatory assets

  1,877,468   5,656,453 

Interest rate swaps



  967,496   1,015,099 

Total current assets

  35,548,319   25,143,855 



In service

  290,940,683   272,382,539 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

  (80,242,946)  (76,038,433)

In service, net

  210,697,737   196,344,106 

Construction work in progress

  19,163,337   15,305,578 

Utility property, net

  229,861,074   211,649,684 



Regulatory assets

  5,446,547   6,769,759 

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

  13,773,075   64,867,319 

Benefit plan assets

  749,341   1,259,639 

Deferred income taxes


Interest rate swaps



  293,552   418,937 

Total other non-current assets

  24,899,850   73,315,654 


 $290,309,243  $310,109,193 








AS OF September 30, 2022 AND 2021











Current maturities of long-term debt

 $1,300,000  $7,000,000 

Dividends payable

  1,915,317   1,549,841 

Accounts payable

  8,600,919   7,729,707 

Capital contributions payable

  804,506   2,140,637 

Customer credit balances

  1,400,770   1,539,680 

Customer deposits

  1,457,610   1,571,342 

Accrued expenses

  3,668,122   3,819,977 

Interest rate swaps


Regulatory liabilities

  3,168,066   329,959 

Total current liabilities

  22,315,310   26,013,532 



Notes payable

  135,971,200   116,110,200 



Less unamortized debt issuance costs

  (275,911)  (267,670)

Long-term debt, net

  135,695,289   133,471,427 



Interest rate swaps


Asset retirement obligations

  10,204,079   7,628,958 

Regulatory cost of retirement obligations

  12,277,796   13,640,567 

Benefit plan liabilities

  337,535   949,851 

Deferred income taxes

  3,165,454   14,948,213 

Regulatory liabilities

  13,223,124   12,891,242 

Total deferred credits and other non-current liabilities

  39,207,988   50,922,525 





Stockholders’ Equity:


Common Stock, $5 par value; authorized 20,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 9,820,535 and 8,375,092 shares in 2022 and 2021, respectively

  49,102,675   41,875,460 

Preferred stock, no par; authorized 5,000,000 shares; no shares issued and outstanding in 2022 and 2021


Capital in excess of par value

  41,479,459   19,705,387 

Retained earnings

  544,158   39,656,296 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

  1,964,364   (1,535,434)

Total stockholders’ equity

  93,090,656   99,701,709 


 $290,309,243  $310,109,193 


See notes to consolidated financial statements.







YEARS ENDED September 30, 2022 AND 2021









Gas utility

  $ 84,035,644     $ 75,045,103  

Non utility

    129,578       129,676  

Total operating revenues

    84,165,222       75,174,779  



Cost of gas - utility

    42,496,055       35,179,842  

Cost of sales - non utility

    29,126       25,557  

Operations and maintenance

    15,489,240       14,476,355  

General taxes

    2,285,203       2,290,096  

Depreciation and amortization

    8,948,923       8,424,620  

Total operating expenses

    69,248,547       60,396,470  


    14,916,675       14,778,309  

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliate

    73,327       1,667,554  

Impairment of unconsolidated affiliates

    (55,092,303 )      

Other income, net

    1,456,983       912,146  

Interest expense

    4,497,929       4,051,885  


    (43,143,247 )     13,306,124  


    (11,410,645 )     3,204,062  


  $ (31,732,602 )   $ 10,102,062