Company Quick10K Filing
Rollins
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 328 $11,997
10-K 2020-02-28 Annual: 2019-12-31
10-Q 2019-10-25 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-07-26 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-04-26 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-03-01 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-10-26 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-07-27 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-04-27 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2018-02-26 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-10-27 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-07-28 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-04-28 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2017-02-24 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-10-28 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-07-28 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-04-28 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2016-02-24 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-10-29 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-07-29 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-04-30 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2015-02-25 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-10-29 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-07-25 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-04-25 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2014-02-26 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-10-25 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-Q 2013-07-26 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-04-26 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-Q 2012-10-26 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-Q 2012-07-27 Quarter: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-04-27 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-Q 2011-10-28 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-Q 2011-07-29 Quarter: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-04-29 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-Q 2010-07-30 Quarter: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-04-30 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-K 2010-02-25 Annual: 2009-12-31
8-K 2020-03-05 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2020-02-18 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-31 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-07 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-11-01 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-10-03 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-10-01 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-23 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-30 M&A, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-30 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement
8-K 2019-04-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-23 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-03 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-23 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-22 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-08 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-07 Enter Agreement
8-K 2019-01-03 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-23 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-03 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-08 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-06 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-27 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-25 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-24 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-19 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-13 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-23 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-23 Officers
8-K 2018-01-23 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-03 Other Events, Exhibits
ROL 2019-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1.A. Risk Factors
Item 1.B.Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2.Properties.
Item 3.Legal Proceedings.
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 4.A.Information About Our Executive Officers.
Part II
Item 5.Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Item 6.Selected Financial Data
Item 7.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures.
Item 9A.Controls and Procedures
Item 9B.Other Information
Part III
Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
Item 11.Executive Compensation.
Item 12.Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions, and Director Independence.
Item 14.Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
Part IV
Item 15.Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
EX-4.B i20108_ex4b.htm
EX-21 i20108_ex21.htm
EX-23.1 i20108_ex23-1.htm
EX-24.1 i20108_ex24-1.htm
EX-24.2 i20108_ex24-2.htm
EX-24.3 i20108_ex24-3.htm
EX-24.4 i20108_ex24-4.htm
EX-24.5 i20108_ex24-5.htm
EX-24.6 i20108_ex24-6.htm
EX-24.7 i20108_ex24-7.htm
EX-31.1 i20108_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 i20108_ex31-2.htm
EX-32.1 i20108_ex32-1.htm

Rollins Earnings 2019-12-31

ROL 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
ROL 11,164 1,765 958 1,954 994 0 95 11,060 51% 116.3 0%
ALLE 9,600 6,049 2,686 2,134 933 428 551 10,825 44% 19.6 7%
URI 9,789 19,405 15,755 9,201 3,703 1,146 1,702 20,420 40% 12.0 6%
AER 5,761 43,209 34,328 0 0 0 0 33,853 0%
ADT 4,620 16,947 13,236 5,013 0 -502 964 14,311 0% 14.8 -3%
AL 4,814 21,610 16,148 1,918 0 561 1,307 18,376 0% 14.1 3%
AAN 4,371 3,220 1,352 3,937 445 200 254 4,221 11% 16.6 6%
JOBS 3,731 12,238 4,420 0 0 0 0 1,757 0%
FTDR 3,989 1,217 1,436 1,066 539 134 247 4,545 51% 18.4 11%
ABM 2,432 3,693 2,151 6,499 731 127 293 3,175 11% 10.9 3%

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

     

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

 

Commission file No. 1-4422

     

 

ROLLINS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   51-0068479
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
2170 Piedmont Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia   30324
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

     

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (404) 888-2000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

   
         Title of each class         

   Trading Symbol(s)   

     Name of each exchange on which registered     
Common Stock, $1 Par Value

ROL

The New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated Filer x   Accelerated filer o  
Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
    Emerging growth company  o  
           
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes o No x

The aggregate market value of Rollins, Inc. Common Stock held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2019 was $5,063,827,695 based on the reported last sale price of common stock on June 30, 2019, which is the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

Rollins, Inc. had 327,779,714 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of January 31, 2020.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Proxy Statement for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Rollins, Inc. are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14.

 
 
Rollins, Inc.
Form 10-K
For the Year Ended December 31, 2019
Table of Contents
        Page
Part I        
Item 1.   Business.   3
Item 1.A.   Risk Factors.   6
Item 1.B.   Unresolved Staff Comments.   9
Item 2.   Properties.   10
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings.   10
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures.   10
Item 4.A.   Information about our Executive Officers   11
         
Part II        
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.   12
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data.   14
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.   14
Item 7.A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.   22
Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.   27
Item 9.   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures.   63
Item 9.A.   Controls and Procedures.   63
Item 9.B.     Other Information.   63
         
Part III        
Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.   64
Item 11.   Executive Compensation.   64
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.   64
Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions, and Director Independence.   65
Item 14.   Principal Accounting Fees and Services.   65
         
Part IV        
Item 15.   Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.   66
    Signatures.   69
    Schedule II.   71
    Exhibit Index.   72
2
 

PART I

Item 1.        Business

General

Rollins, Inc. (the “Company”) was originally incorporated in 1948 under the laws of the state of Delaware as Rollins Broadcasting, Inc.

The Company is an international service company with headquarters located in Atlanta, Georgia, providing pest and termite control services through its wholly-owned subsidiaries to both residential and commercial customers in the United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, and Asia with international franchises in Mexico, Canada, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Australia. Our pest and termite control services are performed through a contract that specifies the pricing arrangement with the customer.

 

For a listing of the Company’s Subsidiaries, see Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Notes to the Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8, of this Form 10-K).

The Company has only one reportable segment, its pest and termite control business. Revenue, operating profit and identifiable assets for this segment, which includes the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Australia are included in Item 8 of this document, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” on pages 27 and 28. The Company’s results of operations and its financial condition are not reliant upon any single customer or a few customers or the Company’s foreign operations.

Three-for-Two Stock Split

All share and per share data presented have been adjusted to account for the three-for-two stock split effective December 10, 2018.

Common Stock Repurchase Program

At the July 24, 2012 Quarterly Board of Directors’ meeting, the Board authorized the purchase of 11.3 million shares of the Company’s common stock. During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not repurchase shares on the open market. In total, there are 7.6 million additional shares authorized to be repurchased under prior Board approval. The repurchase program does not have an expiration date.

 

Backlog

Backlog services and orders are usually provided within the month following the month of order receipt, except in the area of prepaid pest control and bait monitoring services, which are usually provided within twelve months of order receipt. The Company does not have a material portion of its business that may be subject to renegotiation of profits or termination of contracts at the election of a governmental entity.

 

December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
Backlog  $7,137   $5,837   $4,875 
3
 

Franchising Programs

Orkin Franchises

 

The Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Orkin Systems, LLC, began its Orkin franchise program in the U.S. in 1994, and established its first international franchise in 2000. It has since expanded to Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. The Company continues to expand its growth through the franchise program of its Orkin brand. This program is primarily used in smaller markets where it is currently not economically efficient to locate a company-owned Orkin branch. Domestic franchisees are subject to a contractual buyback provision at Orkin’s option with a pre-determined purchase price using a formula applied to revenues of the franchise; however, the franchisee has the prior right of renewal of the agreement. International franchise agreements also contain an optional buyback provision, subject to the franchisee’s renewal option.

   At December 31, 
Orkin franchises  2019   2018   2017 
Domestic franchises   50    47    47 
International franchises   97    86    81 
Total Orkin franchises   147    133    128 

Critter Control Franchises

 

The Company expands its animal control growth through the franchise program of its Critter Control brand. The Company has purchased several Critter Control locations from its franchise owners while renaming and converting several previous Trutech locations to Critter Control. The majority of Critter Control’s locations are franchised. Critter Control has franchises in the United States and had two in Canada as of December 31, 2017, one of which was repurchased in 2018 to bring the international count to one at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

   At December 31, 
Critter Control franchises  2019   2018   2017 
Critter Control franchises   84    80    89 

Orkin Australia Franchises

 

The Company has Australian franchises through Orkin Australia’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, Murray Pest Control and Scientific Pest Management.

   At December 31, 
Australia franchises  2019   2018   2017 
Total Australia franchises   10    10    11 

Seasonality

The business of the Company is affected by the seasonal nature of the Company’s pest and termite control services. The increase in pest presence and activity, as well as the metamorphosis of termites in the spring and summer (the occurrence of which is determined by the timing of the change in seasons), has historically resulted in an increase in the revenue of the Company’s pest and termite control operations during such periods as evidenced by the following chart.

   Total Net Revenues 
(in thousands)  2019   2018   2017 
First quarter  $429,069   $408,742   $375,247 
Second quarter   523,957    480,461    433,555 
Third quarter   556,466    487,739    450,442 
Fourth quarter   505,985    444,623    414,713 
Years ended December 31,  $2,015,477   $1,821,565   $1,673,957 
4
 

Inventories

The Company has relationships with a national pest control product distributor and other suppliers for pest and termite control treatment products. The Company maintains a sufficient level of chemicals, materials and other supplies to fulfill its immediate servicing needs and to alleviate any potential short-term shortage in availability from its national network of suppliers.

 

Competition

The Company believes that Rollins, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Orkin, Orkin Canada, HomeTeam Pest Defense, Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc. (“Clark Pest Control”), Western Pest Services, The Industrial Fumigant Company, Crane Pest Control, Waltham Services, Trutech, PermaTreat, Orkin Australia, Critter Control, Safeguard Pest Control, Northwest Pest Control, OPC Services, and Aardwolf Pestkare competes favorably with competitors as the world’s largest pest and termite control company. The Company’s major competitors include Terminix, Ecolab, Rentokil and Anticimex.

The principal methods of competition in the Company’s pest and termite control markets are quality of service, customer proximity, guarantee terms, reputation for safety, technical proficiency, and price.

Research and Development

Expenditures by the Company on research activities relating to the development of new products or services are not significant. Some of the new and improved service methods and products are researched, developed and produced by unaffiliated universities and companies. Also, a portion of these methods and products are produced to the specifications provided by the Company.

The Company maintains a close relationship with several universities for research and validation of treatment procedures and material selection.

The Company conducts tests of new products with the specific manufacturers of such products.  The Company also works closely with leading scientists, educators, industry consultants and suppliers to improve service protocols and materials.

Environmental and Regulatory Considerations

The Company’s pest control business is subject to various legislative and regulatory enactments that are designed to protect the environment, public health and consumers. Compliance with these requirements has not had a material negative impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (“FIFRA”)

This federal law (as amended) grants to the states the responsibility to be the primary agent in enforcement and conditions under which pest control companies operate. Each state must meet certain guidelines of the Environmental Protection Agency in regulating the following: licensing, record keeping, contracts, standards of application, training and registration of products. This allows each state to institute certain features that set their regulatory programs in keeping with special interests of the citizens’ wishes in each state. The pest control industry is impacted by these federal and state regulations.

Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (“FQPA”)

The FQPA governs the manufacture, labeling, handling and use of pesticides and does not have a direct impact on how the Company conducts its business.

Environmental Remediation

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”), also known as Superfund, is the primary Federal statute regulating the cleanup of inactive hazardous substance sites and imposing liability for cleanup on the responsible parties. Responsibilities governed by this statute include the management of hazardous substances, reporting releases of hazardous substances, and establishing the necessary contracts and agreements to conduct cleanup. Customarily, the parties involved will work with the EPA and under the direction of the responsible state agency to agree and implement a plan for site remediation. Consistent with the Company’s responsibilities under these regulations, the Company undertakes environmental assessments and remediation of hazardous substances from time to time as the Company determines its responsibilities for these purposes. As these situations arise, the Company accrues management’s best estimate of future costs for these activities. Based on management’s current estimates of these costs, management does not believe these costs are material to the Company’s financial condition or operating results.

5
 

Employees

The number of persons employed by the Company as of January 31, 2020 was approximately 15,000.

December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
Employees    14,952    13,734    13,126 

Available Information

Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports, are available free of charge on our website at www.rollins.com, under the heading “Investor Relations – Filings and Reports – SEC Filings,” as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Item 1.A.         Risk Factors

Our business depends on our strong brands, and failing to maintain and enhance our brands and develop a positive client reputation could hurt our ability to retain and expand our base of customers.

Our strong brands, Rollins, Orkin, HomeTeam Pest Defense, Clark Pest Control, Western Pest Services, Northwest Pest Control, The Industrial Fumigant Company, Crane Pest Control, Waltham Services, Trutech, PermaTreat, Critter Control, Safeguard Pest Control, Aardwolf Pestkare, OPC Services, and other strong brands have significantly contributed to the success of our business.  Maintaining and enhancing our brands increases our ability to enter new markets and launch new and innovative services that better serve the needs of our customers.  Our brands may be negatively impacted by a number of factors, including, among others, reputational issues and product/technical failures.  Further, if our brands are significantly damaged, our business, operating results, and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected.  We continue to develop strategies and innovative tools to gain a deeper understanding of customer acquisition, retention and client replacement in order to more effectively expand and retain our customer base. Maintaining and enhancing our brands will depend largely on our ability to remain a service leader and continue to provide high-quality pest control services that are truly beneficial and play a meaningful role in people’s lives.

 

Economic conditions may adversely affect our business.

Pest and termite services represent discretionary expenditures to many of our residential customers. If consumers restrict their discretionary expenditures, we may suffer a decline in revenues from our residential service lines. Economic downturns can also adversely affect our commercial customers, including food service, hospitality and food processing industries whose business levels are particularly sensitive to adverse economies. For example, we may lose commercial customers and related revenues because of consolidation or cessation of commercial businesses or because these businesses switch to a lower cost provider.

Expanding into international markets presents unique challenges, and our expansion efforts with respect to international operations may not be successful.

An element of our strategy includes further expansion into international markets. Our ability to successfully operate in international markets may be adversely affected by political, economic and social conditions beyond our control, local laws and customs, and legal and regulatory constraints, including compliance with applicable anti-corruption and currency laws and regulations, of the countries or regions in which we currently operate or intend to operate in the future. Risks inherent in our existing and future international operations also include, among others, the costs and difficulties of managing international operations, difficulties in identifying and gaining access to local suppliers, suffering possible adverse tax consequences from changes in tax laws or the unfavorable resolution of tax assessments or audits, maintaining product quality and greater difficulty in enforcing intellectual property rights. Additionally, foreign currency exchange rates and fluctuations may have an adverse effect on the financial results of our international operations.

6
 

Our inability to attract and retain skilled workers may impair growth potential and profitability.

Our ability to remain productive and profitable will depend substantially on our ability to attract and retain skilled workers. Our ability to expand our operations is in part impacted by our ability to increase our labor force. The demand for skilled employees is high, and the supply is very limited. A significant increase in the wages paid by competing employers could result in a reduction in our skilled labor force, increases in wage rates paid by us, or both. If either of these events occurred, our capacity and profitability could be diminished, and our growth potential could be impaired.

We may not be able to maintain our competitive position in the pest control industry in the future.

We operate in a highly competitive industry. Our revenues and earnings may be affected by changes in competitors’ prices, and general economic issues. We compete with other large pest control companies, as well as numerous smaller pest control companies, for a finite number of customers. We believe that the principal competitive factors in the market areas that we serve are service quality, product availability, terms of guarantees, reputation for safety, technical proficiency and price. Although we believe that our experience and reputation for safety and quality service are excellent, we cannot assure investors that we will be able to maintain our competitive position.

 

Our operations could be affected by pending and ongoing litigation.

In the normal course of business, we and some of our subsidiaries are defendants in a number of lawsuits or arbitrations, which allege that plaintiffs have been damaged.  The Company does not believe that any pending claim, proceeding or litigation, either alone or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position; however, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome of some or all of the matters, however unlikely, could result in a charge that might be material to the results of an individual year.

Our operations could be affected if there is unauthorized access of personal, financial, or other data or information about our customers, employees, third parties, or of the Company’s proprietary of confidential information. We could be subject to interruption of our business operations, private litigation, reputational damage and costly penalties.

 

Our information technology systems, as well as the information technology systems of our third-party business partners and service providers, can contain personal, financial, health, or other information that is entrusted to us by our customers and employees. Our information technology systems also contain the Company’s and its wholly-owned subsidiaries’ proprietary and other confidential information related to our business, such as business plans and product development initiatives. We rely on, among other things, commercially available vendors, cyber protection systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide security for processing, transmission and storage of this information and data. The systems currently used for transmission and approval of payment card transactions, and the technology utilized in payment cards themselves, all of which can put payment card data at risk, meet standards set by the payment card industry (“PCI”). We have also implemented policies and procedures to comply with consumer privacy laws in the areas in which we operate. We continue to evaluate and modify our systems and protocols for data security compliance purposes, and such standards may change from time to time. Activities by third parties, advances in computer and software capabilities and encryption technology, new tools and discoveries and other events or developments may facilitate or result in a compromise or breach of our systems. Any compromises, breaches or errors in applications related to our systems or failures to comply with applicable standards could cause damage to our reputation and interruptions in our operations, including our customers’ ability to pay for our services and products by credit card or their willingness to purchase our services and products and could result in a violation of applicable laws, regulations, orders, industry standards or agreements and subject us to costs, penalties and liabilities which could have a material adverse impact on our reputation, business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Also, a breach of data security or failure to comply with rigorous consumer privacy requirements could expose us to customer litigation, regulatory actions and costs related to the reporting and handling of such a violation or breach.

7
 

Our operations may be adversely affected if we are unable to comply with regulatory and environmental laws.

Our business is significantly affected by environmental laws and other regulations relating to the pest control industry and by changes in such laws and the level of enforcement of such laws. We are unable to predict the level of enforcement of existing laws and regulations, how such laws and regulations may be interpreted by enforcement agencies or court rulings, or whether additional laws and regulations will be adopted. We believe our present operations substantially comply with applicable federal and state environmental laws and regulations. We also believe that compliance with such laws has had no material adverse effect on our operations to date. However, such environmental laws are changed frequently. We are unable to predict whether environmental laws will, in the future, materially affect our operations and financial condition. Penalties for noncompliance with these laws may include cancellation of licenses, fines, and other corrective actions, which would negatively affect our future financial results.

We may not be able to identify, complete or successfully integrate acquisitions.

Acquisitions have been and may continue to be an important element of our business strategy. We cannot assure investors that we will be able to identify and acquire acceptable acquisition candidates on terms favorable to us in the future. We cannot assure investors that we will be able to integrate successfully the operations and assets of any acquired business with our own business. Any inability on our part to integrate and manage the growth from acquired businesses could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our operations are affected by adverse weather conditions.

Our operations are directly impacted by the weather conditions worldwide. The business of the Company is affected by the seasonal nature of the Company’s pest and termite control services. The increase in pest presence and activity, as well as the metamorphosis of termites in the spring and summer (the occurrence of which is determined by the timing of the change in seasons), has historically resulted in an increase in the revenue and income of the Company’s pest and termite control operations during such periods. The business of the Company is also affected by extreme weather such as drought which can greatly reduce the pest population for extended periods.

Our franchisees, subcontractors, and vendors could take actions that could harm our business.

Our franchisees, subcontractors, and vendors are contractually obligated to operate their businesses in accordance with the standards set forth in our agreements with them and applicable laws and regulations. Each franchising brand also provides training and support to franchisees. However, franchisees, subcontractors, and vendors are independent third parties that we do not control, and who own, operate and oversee the daily operations of their businesses. As a result, the ultimate success of any franchise operation rests with the franchisee. If franchisees do not successfully operate their businesses in a manner consistent with required standards, royalty payments to us will be adversely affected and our brands’ image and reputation could be harmed. This could adversely impact our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Similarly, if subcontractors, vendors and franchisees do not successfully operate their businesses in a manner consistent with required laws, standards and regulations, we could be subject to claims from regulators or legal claims for the actions or omissions of such third-party distributors, subcontractors, vendors and franchisees. In addition, our relationship with our franchisees, subcontractors, and vendors could become strained (including resulting in litigation) as we impose new standards or assert more rigorous enforcement practices of the existing required standards. These strains in our relationships or claims could have a material adverse impact on our reputation, business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

From time to time, we receive communications from our franchisees regarding complaints, disputes or questions about our practices and standards in relation to our franchised operations and certain economic terms of our franchise arrangements. If franchisees or groups representing franchisees were to bring legal proceedings against us, we would vigorously defend against the claims in any such proceeding. Our reputation, business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows could be materially adversely impacted, and the price of our common stock could decline.

8
 

Our brand recognition could be impacted if we are not able to adequately protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights that are material to our business.

Our ability to compete effectively depends in part on our rights to service marks, trademarks, trade names and other intellectual property rights we own or license, particularly our registered brand names and service marks, Orkin®, Orkin Canada®, HomeTeam Pest Defense®, TAEXX®, Clark Pest Control®, Western Pest Services®, Northwest Exterminating®, Critter Control®, IFC®, Trutech®, Waltham Pest Services®, OPC Services®, Perma Treat Pest and Termite Control®, Crane Pest Control®, Safeguard the Pest Control People®, Aardwolf Pest Control® and others. We have not sought to register or protect every one of our marks either in the United States or in every country in which they are or may be used. Furthermore, because of the differences in foreign trademark, patent and other intellectual property or proprietary rights laws, we may not receive the same protection in other countries as we would in the United States. If we are unable to protect our proprietary information and brand names, we could suffer a material adverse impact on our reputation, business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights and protect our proprietary information, or to defend against claims by third parties that our products, services or activities infringe their intellectual property rights.

The Company’s management has a substantial ownership interest; public stockholders may have no effective voice in the Company’s management.

The Company has elected the “Controlled Company” exemption under Section 303A of the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) Listed Company Manual. The Company is a “Controlled Company” because a group that includes the Company’s Chairman of the Board, R. Randall Rollins, and his brother, Gary W. Rollins, who is the Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and a director of the Company, and certain companies under their control, controls in excess of fifty percent of the Company’s voting power. As a “Controlled Company,” the Company need not comply with certain NYSE rules.

Rollins, Inc.’s executive officers, directors and their affiliates hold directly, or through indirect beneficial ownership, in the aggregate, approximately 57 percent of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock. As a result, these persons will effectively control the operations of the Company, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions such as acquisitions and approval of matters requiring stockholder approval. This concentration of ownership could also have the effect of delaying or preventing a third party from acquiring control of the Company at a premium.

Our management has a substantial ownership interest, and the availability of the Company’s common stock to the investing public may be limited.

The availability of Rollins’ common stock to the investing public would be limited to those shares not held by the executive officers, directors and their affiliates, which could negatively impact Rollins’ stock trading prices and affect the ability of minority stockholders to sell their shares. Future sales by executive officers, directors and their affiliates of all or a portion of their shares could also negatively affect the trading price of our common stock.

Provisions in Rollins, Inc.’s certificate of incorporation and bylaws may inhibit a takeover of the Company.

Rollins, Inc.’s certificate of incorporation, bylaws and other documents contain provisions including advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and staggered terms for the Board of Directors. These provisions may make a tender offer, change in control or takeover attempt that is opposed by the Company’s Board of Directors more difficult or expensive.

 

Item 1.B.Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

9
 

Item 2.Properties.

The Company’s administrative headquarters are owned by the Company, and are located at 2170 Piedmont Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30324. The Company owns or leases over 550 branch offices and operating facilities used in its business as well as the Rollins Training Center located in Atlanta, Georgia, the Rollins Customer Service Center located in Covington, Georgia, and the Pacific Division Administration and Training Center in Riverside, California. None of the branch offices, individually considered, represents a materially important physical property of the Company. The facilities are suitable and adequate to meet the current and reasonably anticipated future needs of the Company.

 

Item 3.Legal Proceedings.

In the normal course of business, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries are defendants in a number of lawsuits, claims or arbitrations which allege that the subsidiaries’ services caused damage.  In addition, the Company defends employment related cases and claims from time to time, which may include claims on a representative or class action basis alleging wage and hour law violations. We are involved in certain environmental matters primarily arising in the normal course of business. We are actively contesting each of these matters.

Management does not believe that any pending claim, proceeding or litigation, either alone or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or liquidity; however, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome of some or all of the matters, however unlikely, could result in a charge that might be material to the results of an individual quarter or year.

 

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

10
 

Item 4.A.Information about our Executive Officers.

Each of the executive officers of the Company was elected by the Board of Directors to serve until the Board of Directors’ meeting immediately following the next Annual Meeting of Stockholders or until his or her earlier removal by the Board of Directors or his or her resignation. The following table lists the executive officers of the Company and their ages, offices within the Company, and the dates from which they have continually served in their present offices with the Company.

Name   Age   Office with Registrant  

Date First Elected

to Present Office

R. Randall Rollins (1)   88   Chairman of the Board of Directors   10/22/1991
Gary W. Rollins (1) (2)   75   Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer   7/24/2001
John F. Wilson (3)   62   President and Chief Operating Officer   1/23/2013
Paul E. Northen (4)   55   Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer   1/26/2016
Elizabeth B. Chandler (5)   56   Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary   1/1/2018
(1)R. Randall Rollins and Gary W. Rollins are brothers.
(2)Gary W. Rollins was elevated to Vice Chairman of Rollins, Inc. in January 2013. He was elected to the office of Chief Executive Officer in July 2001. In February 2004, he was named Chairman of Orkin, LLC.
(3)John Wilson joined the Company in 1996 and has held various positions of increasing responsibility, serving as a technician, sales inspector, branch manager, region manager, vice president and division president. His most senior positions have included Vice President of Rollins, Inc., Southeast Division President, Atlantic Division Vice President and Central Commercial region manager. Mr. Wilson was elevated to President and Chief Operating Officer in January 2013.
(4)Paul E. Northen joined Rollins in 2015 as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer. He was promoted to Vice President of Rollins, Inc. in January 2016, and Senior Vice President of Rollins, Inc. in April 2018. He began his career with UPS in 1985 and brings a wealth of tax, risk management and audit experience as well as strong international exposure to Rollins. Prior to joining Rollins, Mr. Northen was Vice President of International Finance and Accounting-Global Business Services for UPS. He previously held the positions of Chief Financial Officer of UPS’ Asia Pacific Region based in Hong Kong, and as Vice President of Finance in UPS’ Pacific and Western Regions.
(5)Elizabeth (Beth) Brannen Chandler joined Rollins in 2013 as Vice President and General Counsel. In 2017, Beth assumed responsibility for the Risk Management and Internal Audit groups. She was appointed to Corporate Secretary in January 2018. Before joining Rollins, Mrs. Chandler was Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary for Asbury Automotive. Prior to working with Asbury, Mrs. Chandler served as city attorney for the City of Atlanta; and she served as Vice President, Assistant General Counsel and Corporate Secretary for Mirant Corp.

11
 

PART II

Item 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

The Common Stock of the Company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is traded on the Philadelphia, Chicago and Boston Exchanges under the symbol ROL.

As of January 31, 2020, there were 7,852 holders of record of the Company’s common stock. However, a large number of our shareholders hold their shares in “street name” in brokerage accounts and, therefore, do not appear on the shareholder list maintained by our transfer agent.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not repurchase shares on the open market. In total, there remain 7.6 million additional shares authorized to be repurchased under prior Board approval. The repurchase program does not have an expiration date.

 

Period  Total number
of shares
purchased (1)
   Weighted
average
price paid
per share
   Total number of
shares purchased as
part of publicly
announced
repurchase plans (2)
   Maximum number of
shares that may yet be
purchased under the
repurchase plans
 
October 1 to 31, 2019      $        7,610,416 
November 1 to 30, 2019   848    38.79        7,610,416 
December 1 to 31, 2019   1,210    33.18        7,610,416 
Total   2,058   $35.49        7,610,416 

 

(1)Includes repurchases from employees for the payment of taxes on vesting of restricted shares in the following amounts: October 2019: 0; November 2019: 848; and December 2019: 1,210.

 

(2)The Company has a share repurchase plan adopted in 2012, to repurchase up to 11.25 million shares of the Company’s common stock.

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PERFORMANCE GRAPH

 

The following graph sets forth a five-year comparison of the cumulative total stockholder return based on the performance of the stock of the Company as compared with both a broad equity market index and an industry index. The indices included in the following graph are the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Commercial Services Index.

 

(LINE GRAPH)

 

COMPARISON OF FIVE YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*

 

               
    12/14 12/15 12/16 12/17 12/18 12/19
               
Rollins Inc.   100.00 119.30 158.37 221.12 260.67 242.52
S&P 500   100.00 101.38 113.51 138.29 132.23 173.86
S&P 500 Commercial Services & Supplies 100.00 96.70 121.62 146.98 147.70 207.01

 

ASSUMES INITIAL INVESTMENT OF $100

*TOTAL RETURN ASSUMES REINVESTMENT OF DIVIDENDS

NOTE: TOTAL RETURNS BASED ON MARKET CAPITALIZATION

13
 
Item 6.Selected Financial Data

The following summary financial data of Rollins highlights selected financial data and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document.

All share and per share data presented in the following table have been adjusted for the three-for-two stock split effective December 10, 2018.

FIVE-YEAR FINANCIAL SUMMARY

 

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA                    
(in thousands except per share data)                    
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017   2016   2015 
Revenues  $2,015,477   $1,821,565   $1,673,957   $1,573,477   $1,485,305 
Income before taxes   261,160    310,733    294,502    260,636    243,178 
Net income  $203,347   $231,663   $179,124   $167,369   $152,149 
Earnings per share - Basic  $0.62   $0.71   $0.55   $0.51   $0.47 
Earnings per share - Diluted  $0.62   $0.71   $0.55   $0.51   $0.47 
Dividends per share  $0.47   $0.47   $0.37   $0.33   $0.28 
OTHER DATA:                         
Net cash provided by operating activities  $309,188   $286,272   $235,370   $226,525   $196,356 
Net cash used in investing activities  $(455,107)  $(101,375)  $(154,175)  $(76,842)  $(69,942)
Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities  $127,655   $(162,283)  $(130,263)  $(136,371)  $(97,216)
Depreciation  $36,646   $30,364   $27,381   $24,725   $19,354 
Amortization of intangible assets  $44,465   $36,428   $29,199   $26,177   $25,168 
Capital expenditures  $(27,146)  $(27,179)  $(24,680)  $(33,081)  $(39,495)
BALANCE SHEET DATA AT END OF YEAR:                         
Current assets  $309,787   $286,021   $262,795   $290,171   $269,434 
Total assets  $1,744,376   $1,094,124   $1,033,663   $916,538   $848,651 
Stockholders’ equity  $815,750   $711,908   $653,924   $568,545   $524,029 
Number of shares outstanding at year-end   327,431    327,308    326,988    326,688    327,830 

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Presentation

This discussion should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document. Discussions of 2017 items and year-to-year comparisons of 2018 and 2017 that are not included in this Form 10-K can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 on our Annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The following discussion (as well as other discussions in this document) contains forward-looking statements. Please see “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements.

The Company

Rollins, Inc. (the “Company”), was originally incorporated in 1948, under the laws of the state of Delaware as Rollins Broadcasting, Inc. The Company is an international service company with headquarters located in Atlanta, Georgia, providing pest and termite control services through its wholly-owned subsidiaries to both residential and commercial customers in the United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, and Asia with international franchises in Mexico, Canada, Central and South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and Africa. Services are performed through a contract that specifies the treatment and the pricing arrangement with the customer.

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The Company has only one reportable segment, its pest and termite control business. The Company’s results of operations and its financial condition are not reliant upon any single customer or a few customers or the Company’s foreign operations.

Overview

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

                     
   (in thousands)   % Better/(worse)
compared to prior year
 
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017   2019   2018 
Revenues  $2,015,477   $1,821,565   $1,673,957    10.6    8.8 
Cost of services provided   993,593    894,437    819,943    (11.1)   (9.1)
Depreciation and amortization   81,111    66,792    56,580    (21.4)   (18.0)
Pension settlement loss   49,898             N/M      N/M 
Sales, general and administrative   623,379    550,698    503,433    (13.2)   (9.4)
Gain on sales of assets, net   (581)   (875)   (242)   (33.6)   261.6 
Interest expense/(income), net   6,917    (220)   (259)    N/M     (15.1)
Income before income taxes   261,160    310,733    294,502    (16.0)   5.5 
Provision for income taxes   57,813    79,070    115,378    26.9    31.5 
Net income  $203,347   $231,663   $179,124    (12.2)   29.3 

 

General Operating Comments

2019 marked the Company’s 22nd consecutive year of improved revenues. Revenues for the year rose 10.6 percent to $2.015 billion compared to $1.822 billion for the prior year. Income before income taxes decreased 16.0% to $261.2 million compared to $310.7 million the prior year. Net income decreased 12.2% to $203.3 million, with earnings per diluted share of $0.62 compared to $231.7 million, or  $0.71 per diluted share for the prior year.

All of the Company’s business lines experienced growth for the year, with residential pest control revenues up 11.3%, commercial pest control revenues up 8.9% and termite and ancillary services revenues up 11.6%, each compared to 2018.

 

Results of Operations—2019 Versus 2018

Overview

The Company’s revenues increased to $2.015 billion in 2019, a 10.6% increase compared to 2018. Gross margin decreased to 50.7% for 2019 from 50.9% in 2018. Service salaries and personnel related expenses for the 401(k) match were impacted by the Clark Pest Control acquisition. Sales, general and administrative expense were 30.9% of revenues in 2019 compared to 30.2% in 2018. The Company’s depreciation and amortization expense increased 21.4% to 4.0% in 2019 compared to 3.7% in 2018. Rollins’ net income of $203.3 million in 2019 was a decrease of $28.3 million or 12.2% compared to $231.7 million in 2018. Net profit margin declined to 10.1% in 2019 from 12.7% in 2018. Rollins continued to expand our global brand recognition with acquisitions in the United States and Canada as well as expanded our Orkin international franchise program in numerous countries around the globe. In our first 50 years, we have grown to over 2.4 million customers who are served in 65 countries, and those countries represent 73.6% of the world’s GDP. The Company continues to seek new international opportunities.

Revenues

Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2019 were $2.015 billion, an increase of $194 million or 10.6% from 2018 revenues of $1.822 billion. Growth occurred across all service lines with our Canadian and Australian companies being hindered by unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates. Growth and pricing accounted for approximately 4.8% of our increase, and our acquisitions contributed the remaining revenue growth. Commercial pest control represented approximately 38% of the Company’s revenue in 2019 and grew 8.9%. Acquisitions from foreign companies, which are primarily commercial, contributed to the increase, as well as increases in sales, an emphasis on closing leads, and better cancellation rates. Commercial pest control was negatively impacted by foreign currency exchange rates as our foreign companies are heavily commercial. Residential pest control, which represented approximately 43% of the Company’s revenue, increased 11.3% driven largely by the Clark Pest Control acquisition, which is mainly residential. Other factors such as increases in leads received, leads sold, a lower cancellation rate, and pricing, as well as increased TAEXX® homebuilder installations also contributed to the increase in residential pest control revenue. The Company’s termite business, which represented approximately 18% of the Company’s revenue, grew 11.6% in 2019 due to acquisitions, increases in termite baiting, and ancillary service sales (such as moisture control, insulation and deck and gutter work).

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The Company implemented its traditional price increase program in June 2019. Around 1% of the Company’s revenue increase is attributable to pricing actions. Approximately 80% of the Company’s pest control revenue was recurring in 2019, as well as 2018.

The Company’s foreign operations accounted for approximately 8% of total revenues for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company established new franchises in several international countries around the globe in 2019 for a total of 97 Orkin international franchises, one Canadian Critter Control franchise, and ten Australia franchises at December 31, 2019, compared to 86 Orkin international franchises, two Canadian Critter Control franchises and ten Australia franchises at December 31, 2018. The Australia franchises operate under the Murray Pest Control and Scientific Pest Management names.

International and domestic franchising revenue was less than 1% of the Company’s revenues for 2019. Orkin had 147 and 133 franchises (domestic and international) at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company had 84 Critter Control franchises at December 31, 2019, up 4 from 2018. Revenue from franchising was up 3.2% in 2019 compared to 2018 as the Company continued to expand Orkin’s international footprint and recognition of initial franchise fees.

Cost of Services Provided

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, cost of services provided increased $99.2 million or 11.1%, compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2018. Gross margin for the year decreased to 50.7% for 2019 compared to 50.9% for 2018 due to increased participation rates in our enhanced 401(k) match to employees and an increase in group insurance premiums in 2019. Integration of acquisitions resulted in slight increases in service salaries percentages.

Depreciation and Amortization

 

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, depreciation and amortization increased $14.3 million, or 21.4% compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2018. The dollar increase was primarily due to depreciation increasing $6.3 million or 20.7% from the depreciation of acquired and purchased assets and depreciation from various IT related projects. Amortization of intangible assets increased $8.0 million or 22.1% for 2019 due to the additional amortization of customer contracts from several acquisitions over the last year, including a full year of OPC Services and Aardwolf Pestkare, acquired in early and mid-2018, respectively, and the 2019 acquisition of Clark Pest Control in April, as well as several smaller foreign and domestic companies.

Sales, General and Administrative

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, sales, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses increased $72.7 million, or 13.2% compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2018. SG&A increased to 30.9% of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 30.2% in 2018. The Company incurred higher than normal expenses in 2019 related to acquisition preparation and integration as well as expenses related to the pension settlement activities. The enhanced 401(k) match enticed more of the Company’s workforce to save for their futures. Administrative salaries were up due to increased office headcount and wages. Medical and casualty insurance expenses were up for the year. The Company also had increased use of outside professional services in IT projects as well as other projects.

Gain on Sales of assets, Net

Gain on sales of assets, net decreased to $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to $0.9 million in 2018. The Company recognized gains from the sale of owned vehicles and owned property in 2019 and 2018. 

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Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $6.9 million, driven largely by new borrowings to fund acquisitions, among other things. For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company earned $0.2 million in net interest income on cash balances in the Company’s various cash accounts.

Taxes

 

The Company’s effective tax rate was 22.1% in 2019 compared to 25.4% in 2018, due primarily to state and foreign income taxes and beneficial adjustments related to the pension settlement.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and Cash Flow

Cash from operating activities is the principal source of cash generation for our businesses.

The most significant source of cash in Rollins’ cash flow from operations is customer-related activities, the largest of which is collecting cash resulting from services sales. The most significant operating use of cash is to pay our suppliers, employees, tax authorities and others for a wide range of material and services.

The Company’s cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 were $94.3 million, $115.5 million, and $107.1 million, respectively.

             
   (in thousands) 
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $309,188   $286,272   $235,370 
Net cash used in investing activities   (455,107)   (101,375)   (154,175)
Net cash used in financing activities   127,655    (162,283)   (130,263)
Effect of exchange rate on cash   (2,945)   (14,179)   13,333 
Net increase(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  $(21,209)  $8,435   $(35,735)

 

Cash Provided by Operating Activities

The Company’s operations generated cash of $309.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 primarily from net income of $203.3 million, compared with cash provided by operating activities of $286.3 million in 2018 and $235.4 million in 2017. The Company believes its current cash and cash equivalents balances, future cash flows expected to be generated from operating activities, available borrowings under its $175.0 million revolving credit facility and $250.0 million term loan facility will be sufficient to finance its current operations and obligations, and fund expansion of the business for the foreseeable future.

The Company settled its obligations under the Rollins, Inc. Pension Plan without making any additional contributions during the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 or 2017. The plan was fully funded with a prepaid balance. The plan assets exceeded the plan benefit obligations, and $31.8 million remained after the combination of lump sum payments to participants, the purchase of a group annuity contract, and payments to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. The Company has evaluated the ERISA allowable opportunities for utilization of the excess pension assets including funding other employee benefits. The Company used $11.0 million of the $31.8 million to fund its 401(k) match obligation during the year ended December 31, 2019, and plans to continue funding future benefit plan obligations, with a possible reversion of any remaining pension assets to the Company per ERISA regulations.

The Company has one small remaining pension in one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries and made a contribution of $0.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2019. No contributions were made during 2018 or 2017. While the Company’s management does not expect to make a contribution to its remaining pension plan during fiscal year 2020, additional Plan contributions, if any, will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

17
 

Cash Used in Investing Activities

The Company used $455.1 million in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $101.4 million and $154.2 million during 2018 and 2017, respectively, and of that, invested approximately $27.1 million in capital expenditures during 2019 compared to $27.2 million and $24.7 million during 2018 and 2017, respectively. Capital expenditures for the year consisted primarily of property purchases, equipment replacements and technology related projects. The Company expects to invest between $28 million and $30 million in 2020 in capital expenditures. During 2019, the Company and its subsidiaries acquired Clark Pest Control as well as several other small to mid-sized companies for a total of $430.6 million compared to $76.8 million and $130.2 million in acquisitions during 2018 and 2017, respectively. The expenditures for the Company’s acquisitions were funded through existing cash balances, borrowings on our line of credit, a term loan, and other operating cash flows. The Company continues to seek new acquisitions.

Cash From Financing Activities

The Company generated cash of $127.7 million from financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to using $162.3 million and $130.3 million during 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company borrowed $291.5 million throughout 2019, net of repayments, primarily to fund the investing activities notes above. A total of $153.8 million was paid in cash dividends ($0.47 per share) during the year ended December 31, 2019 including a special dividend paid in December 2019 of $0.05 per share, compared to $152.7 million in cash dividends paid ($0.47 per share) during the year ended December 31, 2018, including a special dividend paid in December 2018 of $0.09 per share and $122.0 million paid in cash dividends ($0.37 per share) during the year ended December 31, 2017, including a special dividend paid in December 2017 of $0.07 per share.

The Company did not purchase shares on the open market during the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017. There remain 7.6 million shares, adjusted for the December 10, 2018 three-for-two stock split, authorized to be repurchased under prior Board approval. The Company repurchased $10.0 million, $9.5 million, and $8.2 million of common stock for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively, from employees for the payment of taxes on vesting restricted shares.

The Company’s $94.3 million of total cash at December 31, 2019 is primarily cash held at various banking institutions. Approximately $74.1 million is held in cash accounts at international bank institutions and the remaining $20.2 million is primarily held in Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insured non-interest-bearing accounts at various domestic banks which at times may exceed federally insured amounts.

The Company’s international business is expanding, and we intend to continue to grow the business in foreign markets in the future through reinvestment of foreign deposits and future earnings as well as acquisitions of unrelated companies. Repatriation of cash from the Company’s foreign subsidiaries is not a part of the Company’s current business plan.

Rollins maintains adequate liquidity and capital resources, without regard to its foreign deposits, that are directed to finance domestic operations and obligations and to fund expansion of its domestic business.

 

For Information regarding our Revolving Credit Agreement see Note 4 – Debt of the Notes to Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K).

Litigation

For discussion on the Company’s legal contingencies, see Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies to the accompanying financial statements.

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Off Balance Sheet Arrangements, Contractual Obligations and Contingent Liabilities and Commitments

The Company has no material off balance sheet arrangements.

The impact that the Company’s contractual obligations as of December 31, 2019 are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods is as follows:

   Payments due by period 
Contractual obligations (in thousands)  Total   Less than
1 year
   2-3 years   4-5 years   More than
5 years
 
Line of credit  $101,500   $   $   $101,500   $ 
Revolver Term Loan   190,000    12,500    35,938    141,562     
Acquisition contingent payments   21,434    14,005    7,429         
Acquisition holdbacks   27,697    16,477    11,220         
Non-cancelable operating leases   219,381    72,916    98,134    31,708    16,623 
Non compete agreements   323    323             
Other notes payable   19    19             
Unrecognized Tax Positions (1)   844        844         
Total (2)  $561,198   $116,240   $153,565   $274,770   $16,623 
1.These amounts represent expected payments with interest for unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2019.
2.Minimum pension funding requirements are not included as funding will not be required.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company views critical accounting policies and estimates to be those that are very important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations, and that require management’s most difficult, complex or subjective judgments. The circumstances that make these judgments difficult or complex relate to the need for management to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We believe our critical accounting policies to be as follows:

Accrual for Termite Contracts—The Company maintains an accrual for termite claims representing the estimated costs of reapplications, repairs and associated labor and chemicals, settlements, awards and other costs relative to termite control services. Factors that may impact future costs include termiticide life expectancy and government regulation. It is significant that the actual number of claims has decreased in recent years due to changes in the Company’s business practices. However, it is not possible to precisely predict future significant claims. Accruals for termite contracts are included in other current liabilities and long-term accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated statements of financial position.

Accrued Insurance—The Company retains, up to specified limits, certain risks related to general liability, workers’ compensation and vehicle liability. Risks above specified limits are managed through either high deductible insurance or a non-affiliated group captive insurance member arrangement. The estimated costs of existing and future claims under the retained loss program are accrued based upon historical trends as incidents occur, whether reported or unreported (although actual settlement of the claims may not be made until future periods) and may be subsequently revised based on developments relating to such claims. The Company contracts with an independent third-party actuary on a semi-annual basis to provide the Company an estimated liability based upon historical claims information. The actuarial study is a major consideration in establishing the reserve, along with management’s knowledge of changes in business practice and existing claims compared to current balances. Management’s judgment is inherently subjective as a number of factors are outside management’s knowledge and control. Additionally, historical information is not always an accurate indication of future events. The Company continues to be proactive in safety and risk management to develop and maintain ongoing programs to reduce claims. Initiatives that have been implemented include required pre-employment screening and ongoing motor vehicle record review for all drivers, post-offer physicals for new employees, pre-hire, random and post incident drug testing, increased driver training and post-injury nurse triage for work-related injuries.

19
 

Revenue Recognition— the Company’s Revenue recognition policy is to recognize revenue upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, each of which are distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

More on the Company’s revenue recognition policy can be found in the Company’s Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies with the heading Revenue Recognition.

Contingency Accruals—The Company is a party to legal proceedings with respect to matters in the ordinary course of business. In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 450 “Contingencies,” Management estimates and accrues for its liability and costs associated with the litigation. Estimates and accruals are determined in consultation with outside counsel. Because it is not possible to accurately predict the ultimate result of the litigation, judgments concerning accruals for liabilities and costs associated with litigation are inherently uncertain and actual liabilities may vary from amounts estimated or accrued. However, in the opinion of management, the outcome of the litigation will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. Contingency accruals are included in other current liabilities and long-term accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated statements of financial position.

Defined benefit pension plans — The Company had two defined benefit pension plans; the Rollins, Inc. Defined Benefit Plan and the Waltham Services, LLC Hourly Employee Pension Plan.

The Company ceased all future benefit accruals under the Rollins, Inc. Defined Benefit Plan, in 2005, but remained obligated to provide employees benefits earned through June 2005. During 2018, the Company initiated the process to transition its pension plan to an insurance provider. At December 31, 2018, the Company utilized a termination liability approach. This approach reflected the estimated impact of the distribution of benefits due to a standard termination. Plan liabilities were to be settled through the purchase of annuities from an insurance provider or through the distribution of lump sum payments to eligible participants that elected to receive such a form of payment. Discount rates of 3.90% per year for participants in pay status and 4.11% per year for participants with deferred benefits were selected by the plan sponsor to determine the benefit obligation resulting from plan termination annuity purchases. The discount rates reflected the single effective interest rate that produced the same present value as that produced when the expected future cash flows for participants expected to elect an annuity were discounted with the FTSE Yield Curve (formerly Citigroup) as of the measurement date. To determine the benefit obligation resulting from plan termination lump sum payments, the expected future cash flows for lump sum eligible participants, determined with the IRC 417(e) Mortality Table for 2019, were discounted with the IRC 417(e) segment interest rates for the month of November 2018 (3.43%, 4.46%, and 4.88%). Only 50% of active, 30% of deferred vested, and 25% of retired participants that were eligible to receive a lump sum distribution of their pension benefit upon plan termination, were assumed to elect this form of payment.

The plan was settled during 2019 through a combination of lump sum payments to participants, the purchase of a group annuity contract, and payments to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

The Company’s sole remaining defined benefit pension plan is the Waltham Services, LLC Hourly Employee Pension Plan. This Plan was amended, effective September 1, 2018, to freeze future benefit accruals for all participants. The Company accounts for these defined benefit plans in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 715 “Compensation- Retirement Benefits,” and engages an outside actuary to calculate its obligations and costs. With the assistance of the actuary, the Company evaluates the significant assumptions used on a periodic basis including the estimated future return on plan assets, the discount rate, and other factors, and makes adjustments to these liabilities as necessary.

20
 

The Company chooses an expected rate of return on plan assets based on historical results for similar allocations among asset classes, the investments strategy, and the views of our investment adviser. Differences between the expected long-term return on plan assets and the actual return are amortized over future years. Therefore, the net deferral of past asset gains or losses ultimately affects future pension expense. The Company’s assumption for the expected return on plan assets is 7.0% which is unchanged from the prior year.

Waltham Services, LLC Hourly Employees Pension Plan utilizes a yield curve approach. The approach utilizes an economic model whereby the Company’s expected benefit payments over the life of the plans is forecast and then compared to a portfolio of corporate bonds that will mature at the same time that the benefit payments are due in any given year. The economic model then calculates the one discount rate to apply to all benefit payments over the life of the plan which will result in the same total lump sum as the payments from the corporate bonds. The discount rate was 4.70% as of December 31, 2019 compared to 4.05% in both 2018 and 2017. A higher discount rate decreases the present value of benefit obligation.

As set forth in Note 16 to the Company’s financial statements, included among the asset categories for the Plan’s investments are real estate, tactical composite and alternative investments comprised of investments in real estate and hedge funds. These investments are categorized as investments at net asset value (“NAV”) and are valued using significant non-observable inputs which do not have a readily determinable fair value. In accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2009-12 “Investments In Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (Or Its Equivalent),” these investments are valued based on the net asset value per share calculated by the funds in which the plan has invested. These valuations are subject to judgments and assumptions of the funds which may prove to be incorrect, resulting in risks of incorrect valuation of these investments. The Company seeks to mitigate against these risks by evaluating the appropriateness of the funds’ judgments and assumptions by reviewing the financial data included in the funds’ financial statements for reasonableness.

The Waltham Services, LLC Hourly Employee Pension Plan had a net pension liability of $0.8 million and $0.6 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018 respectively. The recorded change within accumulated other comprehensive income increased stockholders’ equity by $75.6 million before tax and $45.9 million after tax, driven mainly by the Rollins, Inc. Defined Benefit Plan settlement.

Recent Accounting Guidance

See Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting policies of the Notes to Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K) for further discussion.

21
 

Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements include statements regarding (i) management’s belief that the Company competes favorably with competitors; (ii) our belief that our operations’ substantially comply with applicable federal and state environmental laws and regulations and that such compliance has had no material adverse effect on our operations to date; (iii) our maintenance of supplies is sufficient to fulfill our immediate needs and to alleviate potential short-term shortages in such supplies; (iv) any environmental remediation costs estimated to be incurred are not material to our financial condition or operating results, (v) the adequacy of our facilities to meet our future needs; (vi) the outcome of litigation, as discussed in the Legal Proceedings section and elsewhere and our belief that such litigation will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity; (vii) the belief that we have adequate liquid assets, funding sources and insurance accruals to satisfy any claims; (viii) our expectation to continue our payment of cash dividends; (ix) plans regarding future acquisitions and franchise expansions, including our belief that acquisitions have been and may continue to be an important element of our business strategy; (x) the adequacy of our resources and borrowings to fund operations, obligations, and expansions; (xi) plans to continue funding future defined benefit plan obligations with a possible reversion of any remaining pension assets to us in compliance with ERISA regulations; (xii) our belief that the Company will not make a contribution to its remaining pension plan during fiscal year 2020; (xiii) our belief that any potential additional plan pension plan contributions will not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity; (xiv) our projected 2020 capital expenditures; (xv) the plans to grow the business in foreign markets through reinvestment of foreign deposits and future earnings and through acquisitions of unrelated companies with no expectation of repatriation of cash from our foreign subsidiaries; (xvi) our expectation that we will maintain compliance with the covenants contained in our Revolving Credit Agreement throughout 2020; (xvii) the impact and amount of our contractual obligations; (xviii) our expectations regarding termite claims and factors that impact future costs from those claims; (xix) the expected cost of termite renewals; (xx) the expected collectability of accounts receivable; (xxi) our belief that our tax positions are fully supportable; (xxii) expectations and plans regarding any losses from franchisees; (xxiii) the impact of recent accounting pronouncements; (xxiv) and interest rate risks and foreign exchange rate risk on our financial position, results of operations and liquidity; (xxv) our ability to utilize all of our foreign net operating losses and the possibility that the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits will decrease in the next 12 months; (xxvi) our estimation regarding an interest rate reclassification in the next 12 months; (xxvii) our reasonable certainty that we will exercise the renewal options on our operating leases; (xxviii) expectations regarding the recognition of compensation costs related to time-lapse restricted shares; (xxix) our estimation that the allowance for credit losses reported in our consolidated balance sheet will decrease by an immaterial amount upon the adoption of ASU 2016-13; (xxx) the impact of foreign interest and exchange rate fluctuation on the value of our cash receipts and payments in terms of our functional currency; (xxxi) our belief that maintaining and enhancing our brands increases our ability to enter new markets and launch new and innovative services that better serve the needs of our customers (xxxii) the maintenance of adequate liquidity and capital resources, without regard to its foreign deposits, that are directed to finance domestic operations and obligations and to fund expansion of our domestic business; (xxxiii) our ability to be proactive in safety and risk management to develop and maintain ongoing programs to reduce claims; and (xxxiv) our expected return on plan assets. Our actual results could differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements because of various risks, timing and uncertainties including, without limitation, the failure to maintain and enhance our brands and develop a positive client reputation; possibility of an adverse ruling against us in pending litigation; general economic conditions; unsuccessful expansion into international markets; general market risk; our inability to attract and retain skilled workers; changes in industry practices or technologies; the unauthorized access of personal, financial, or other data or information about our customers, employees, third parties, or of our proprietary confidential information; the degree of success of our termite process reforms and pest control selling and treatment methods; the unauthorized access of personal, financial, or other data or information about our customers, employees, third parties, or of our proprietary confidential information; our ability to identify and integrate potential acquisitions; climate and weather trends; competitive factors and pricing practices; potential increases in labor costs; changes in various government laws and regulations, including environmental regulations; and any actions taken by our franchisees, subcontractors, and vendors that could harm our business. All of the foregoing risks and uncertainties are beyond our ability to control, and in many cases we cannot predict the risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements. The Company does not undertake to update its forward-looking statements.

 

Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Market Risk

The Company maintained an investment portfolio (included in cash and cash equivalents) subject to short-term interest rate risk exposure. The Company is subject to interest rate risk exposure through borrowings on its $175.0 million revolving credit facility and $250.0 million term loan facility. As of December 31, 2019, the revolving commitment had outstanding borrowings of $101.5 million and the term loan had outstanding borrowings of $190.0 million. Additionally, the Company maintained $32.9 million in Letters of Credit. These letters of credit are required by the Company’s fronting insurance companies and/or certain states, due to the Company’s self-insured status, to secure various workers’ compensation and casualty insurance contracts coverage. The Company believes that it has adequate liquid assets, funding sources and insurance accruals to accommodate such claims. The Company is also exposed to market risks arising from changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company believes that this foreign exchange rate risk will not have a material impact upon the Company’s results of operations going forward. For a discussion of the Company’s activities to manage risks relative to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, see Note 11 to the accompanying financial statements.

22
 

MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

To the Stockholders of Rollins, Inc.:

The management of Rollins, Inc. is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting for the Company. Rollins, Inc. maintains a system of internal accounting controls designed to provide reasonable assurance, at a reasonable cost, that assets are safeguarded against loss or unauthorized use and that the financial records are adequate and can be relied upon to produce financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The internal control system is augmented by written policies and procedures, an internal audit program and the selection and training of qualified personnel. This system includes policies that require adherence to ethical business standards and compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of internal controls over financial reporting, as of December 31, 2019 based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. We have elected to exclude our wholly-owned subsidiary, Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc, a 2019 acquisition, from Management’s evaluation of Internal Controls over Financial Reporting as of December 31, 2019. This acquisition constituted 21.8% of total assets as of December 31, 2019 and 4.7% of revenues for the year then ended. Refer to Notes 1 and 2 in the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of this acquisition and its impact on Rollins, Inc.’s financial statements. Management has commenced evaluation of the design of the internal control environment and expects to include this entity in evaluation of ICFR effective December 31, 2020. Based on this evaluation, management’s assessment is that Rollins, Inc. maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019.

The independent registered public accounting firm, Grant Thornton LLP has audited the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019, and has also issued their report on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, included in this report on page 24.

     
/s/ Gary W. Rollins   /s/ Paul E. Northen

Gary W. Rollins

 

Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

Paul E. Northen

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Atlanta, Georgia

February 28, 2020

23
 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

Board of Directors and Stockholders’

Rollins, Inc.

 

Opinion on internal control over financial reporting

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Rollins, Inc. (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019, and our report dated February 28, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

 

Basis for opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Our audit of, and opinion on, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting does not include the internal control over financial reporting of Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary, whose financial statements reflect total assets and revenues constituting 21.8 and 4.7 percent, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019. As indicated in Management’s Report, Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc. was acquired during 2019. Management’s assertion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting excluded internal control over financial reporting of Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc.

 

Definition and limitations of internal control over financial reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

  

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP                  

 

Atlanta, Georgia

 

February 28, 2020 

24
 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM ON CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULE

Board of Directors and Stockholders’

Rollins, Inc.

 

Opinion on the financial statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of Rollins, Inc. (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive earnings, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes and financial statement schedule included under item 15(a) (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”), and our report dated February 28, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion.

 

Change in accounting principle

As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for leases as of January 1, 2019, due to the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases.

 

Basis for opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical audit matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

Business Combinations – Acquisition of Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc.

As described further in Notes 1 and 2 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the company completed the acquisition of Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc. (“Clark”) on April 30, 2019. The Company allocated the purchase price to the identifiable intangible assets acquired based on their respective fair values. We identified the Company’s determination of the fair value of the identified intangible assets acquired in the Clark acquisition as a critical audit matter.

 

The principal considerations for our determination that the fair value of identified intangible assets in the acquisition of Clark is a critical audit matter are because of the significant estimates management makes to determine their fair value. This requires a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our valuation specialists, when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s assumptions related to the discount rates, customer attrition, and revenue growth projections.

 

Our audit procedures related to the determination of the fair value of acquired intangible assets in the Clark acquisition included the following, among others. We tested the effectiveness of controls relating to the accounting for the Clark acquisition, which included the models used to determine the fair value of major classes of intangible assets along with any contingent consideration liabilities. We inspected the purchase agreement for this acquisition. We utilized valuation specialists to assess the reasonableness of the significant assumptions utilized by management within the models. We recalculated the calculation and support for the opening entry and subsequent recording of the entry for the Clark acquisition.

25
 

Accrued Insurance

As described further in Note 1 to the financial statements, Rollins, Inc. (the “Company”) retains, up to certain policy-specified limits, certain risks related to general liability, workers’ compensation, and vehicle and equipment liability costs. The estimated costs of existing and future claims under the retained loss program are accrued based upon historical trends as incidents occur, whether reported or unreported (although actual settlement of the claims may not be made until future periods) and may be subsequently revised based on developments relating to such claims. We identified accrued insurance reserves and related expenses (“accrued insurance”) as a critical audit matter.

 

The principal considerations for our determination that accrued insurance is a critical audit matter are that the accrual for accrued insurance has higher risk of estimation uncertainty due to the loss development factors and inherent assumptions in actuarial methods used in determining the required reserves. The estimation uncertainty and complexity of the actuarial methods utilized resulted in auditor judgment when assessing if management’s accrual for accrued insurance was determined utilizing a reasonable basis and was materially correct.

 

Our audit procedures related to the accrued insurance reserves included the following, among others:

 

We utilized a specialist in evaluating management’s methods and assumptions to ensure the methods provided a reasonable basis for determining reserves including selected loss development factors.
We performed a retrospective review of prior projections to current projections to validate that changes in estimated ultimate losses were reasonable.
We reconciled claims data to the actuarial information and tested a sample of underlying claims through review of accident reports, insurance claims and legal records to validate information utilized by management in developing the accrual for accrued insurance was complete and accurate.
We tested the design and operating effectiveness of key controls relating to accrued insurance, including, but not limited to, controls to (1) validate that claims were reported and submitted accurately and timely, and (2) internal claims data were reconciled to claims data maintained by the third party administrator and submitted to the Company’s actuary to validate information utilized by management in developing the accrual for accrued insurance was complete and accurate.

 

Implementation of ASC 842

As more fully described in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company adopted ASC 842, Leases, as of January 1, 2019 which resulted in the recognition of a right-of-use asset (“ROU asset”) and a lease liability for operating leases (other than leases that meet the definition of a short-term lease), at the commencement of the lease term. The liability is equal to the present value of future lease payments. The asset will be based on the liability, subject to certain adjustments, including initial direct costs and lessor provided incentives. We identified adoption of ASC 842 as a critical audit matter driven primarily by the significant judgment in establishing the lease liability and ROU asset – specifically the discount rate to apply to the future lease payments.

 

We identified the adoption of ASC 842 as a critical audit matter because it is a substantial change in accounting for leases and as such requires significant auditor judgment in obtaining sufficient and appropriate audit evidence related to management’s determination of the lease liability and ROU asset and their selection of a discount rate to be applied to future lease payments.

 

Our audit procedures related to the adoption of ASC 842 include the following, among others. We tested the design and operating effectiveness of controls relating to the initial adoption of ASC 842 and ongoing accounting for new leases obtained during the period. We evaluated the independent auditor’s report on operating effectiveness of controls at the Company’s third party lease software vendor, which included testing the design and operating effectiveness of the relevant user controls due to the Company’s reliance on the third party software to appropriately calculate the related ROU asset and lease liability. We verified the completeness of the population of leases that management evaluated as part of the initial impact of adoption and the on-going accounting. We inspected a sample of lease contracts, validated the relevant inputs to the lease software, and recalculated the software’s calculation of the ROU asset and lease liability. We performed procedures to evaluate the appropriateness of the discount rate used by the Company in establishing the ROU asset and lease liability, which included the use of a specialist to evaluate the reasonableness of the discount rate used by management in the initial measurement of the lease liability.

 

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP                   

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2004.

 

Atlanta, Georgia

 

February 28, 2020 

26
 

Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION        
Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries        
(in thousands except share information)        
         
December 31,  2019   2018 
ASSETS          
Cash and cash equivalents  $94,276   $115,485 
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $16,699 and $13,285, respectively   122,766    104,016 
Financed receivables, short-term, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,675 and $1,845, respectively   22,267    18,454 
Materials and supplies   19,476    15,788 
Other current assets   51,002    32,278 
Total current assets   309,787    286,021 
Equipment and property, net   195,533    136,885 
Goodwill   572,847    368,481 
Customer contracts, net   273,720    178,075 
Trademarks and tradenames, net   102,539    54,140 
Other intangible assets, net   10,525    11,043 
Operating lease, right-of-use assets, net   200,727     
Financed receivables, long-term, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,284 and $1,536 respectively   30,792    28,227 
Benefit plan assets   21,565     
Prepaid pension       5,274 
Deferred income taxes   2,180    6,915 
Other assets   24,161    19,063 
Total assets  $1,744,376   $1,094,124 
LIABILITIES          
Accounts payable  $35,234   $27,168 
Accrued insurance   30,441    27,709 
Accrued compensation and related liabilities   81,943    77,741 
Unearned revenues   122,825    116,005 
Operating lease liabilities-current   66,117     
Current portion of long-term debt   12,500     
Other current liabilities   60,975    50,406 
Total current liabilities   410,035    299,029 
Accrued insurance, less current portion   34,920    33,867 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion   135,651     
Long-term debt   279,000     
Deferred income tax liability   9,927     
Long-term accrued liabilities   59,093    49,320 
Total liabilities   928,626    382,216 
Commitments and contingencies          
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Preferred stock, without par value; 500,000 shares authorized, zero shares issued        
Common stock, par value $1 per share; 550,000,000 shares authorized, 327,430,846 and 327,308,079 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   327,431    327,308 
Paid in capital   89,413    85,386 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (21,109)   (71,078)
Retained earnings   420,015    370,292 
Total stockholders' equity   815,750    711,908 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $1,744,376   $1,094,124 
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

27
 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME            
Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries            
(in thousands except share information)            
             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
REVENUES               
Customer services  $2,015,477   $1,821,565  $1,673,957 
COSTS AND EXPENSES               
Cost of services provided   993,593    894,437    819,943 
Depreciation and amortization   81,111    66,792    56,580 
Pension settlement loss   49,898         
Sales, general and administrative   623,379    550,698    503,433 
Gain on sales of assets, net   (581)   (875)   (242)
Interest expense/(income)   6,917    (220)   (259)
TOTAL COSTS AND EXPENSES   1,754,317    1,510,832    1,379,455 
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES   261,160    310,733    294,502 
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES               
Current   65,041    71,442    96,742 
Deferred   (7,228)   7,628    18,636 
TOTAL PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   57,813    79,070    115,378 
NET INCOME   203,347    231,663    179,124 
 INCOME PER SHARE - BASIC  $0.62   $0.71   $0.55 
INCOME PER SHARE - DILUTED  $0.62   $0.71   $0.55 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic   327,477    327,291    326,982 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted   327,477    327,291    326,982 
DIVIDENDS PAID PER SHARE  $0.47   $0.47   $0.37 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

28
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS            
Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries            
(in thousands)            
             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
NET INCOME  $203,347   $231,663   $179,124 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS/(LOSS)               
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans, net of tax   45,896    (11,050)   14,159 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   4,350    (14,072)   9,960 
Interest rate swap, net of tax   (277)        
Other comprehensive earnings/(loss)   49,969    (25,122)   24,119 
COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS  $253,316   $206,541   $203,243 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

29
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY            
Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries            
(in thousands)            
                                 
   Common Stock   Treasury        Accumulated         
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Paid-
In-Capital
   Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   Retained
Earnings
   Total 
Balance at December 31, 2016   326,688   $326,688       $   $77,452   $(70,075)  $234,480   $568,545 
Net Income                                179,124    179,124 
Other comprehensive income                                        
Pension liability adjustment, net of tax                            14,159         14,159 
Foreign currency translation adjustments                            9,960         9,960 
Cash dividends                                 (122,017)   (122,017)
Stock compensation   651    651              11,965         (217)   12,399 
Employee stock buybacks   (351)   (351)             (8,012)        117    (8,246)
Balance at December 31, 2017   326,988   $326,988       $   $81,405   $(45,956)  $291,487   $653,924 
Net Income                                231,663    231,663 
Other comprehensive income                                        
Pension liability adjustment, net of tax                            (11,050)        (11,050)
Foreign currency translation adjustments                            (14,072)        (14,072)
Cash dividends                                 (152,742)   (152,742)
Stock compensation   605    605              13,323         (202)   13,726 
Employee stock buybacks   (285)   (285)             (9,342)        86    (9,541)
Balance at December 31, 2018   327,308   $327,308       $   $85,386   $(71,078)  $370,292   $711,908 
Impact of adoption of ASC 842                                 212    212 
Net Income                                203,347    203,347 
Other comprehensive income                                        
Pension settlement loss, net of tax                            46,022         46,022 
Pension liability adjustment, net of tax                            (126)        (126)
Foreign currency translation adjustments                            4,350         4,350 
Interest rate swaps, net of tax                            (277)        (277)
Cash dividends                                 (153,836)   (153,836)
Stock compensation   387    387              13,772              14,159 
Employee stock buybacks   (264)   (264)             (9,745)             (10,009)
Balance at December 31, 2019   327,431   $327,431       $   $89,413   $(21,109)  $420,015   $815,750 
                                         

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

30
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS            
Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries            
(in thousands)            
             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES               
Net Income  $203,347   $231,663   $179,124 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:               
Depreciation, amortization and other non-cash charges   79,544    64,675    55,533 
Pension settlement loss   49,898         
Provision for deferred income taxes   (7,228)   7,628    18,636 
Stock based compensation expense   14,159    13,726    12,399 
Provision for bad debts   15,145    13,606    10,455 
Changes in assets and liabilities:               
Trade accounts receivables and other accounts receivables   (20,151)   (12,549)   (13,661)
Financing receivables   (9,080)   (10,784)   (6,527)
Materials and supplies   (2,151)   (374)   (837)
Other current assets   (14,009)   (7,121)   1,448 
Other non-current assets   6,081    11,329    (5,137)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   (9,925)   (23,820)   (25,691)
Unearned revenue   5,424    4,901    1,222 
Accrued insurance   1,915    (686)   4,039 
Pension funding   (144)        
Long-term accrued liabilities   (3,637)   (5,922)   4,367 
Net cash provided by operating activities   309,188    286,272    235,370 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES               
Cash used for acquisitions of companies, net of cash acquired   (430,558)   (76,769)   (130,189)
Capital expenditures   (27,146)   (27,179)   (24,680)
Cash from sale of franchises   617    343    519 
Derivative Investments   104    297    (264)
Proceeds from sale of assets   1,758    1,840    370 
Investment tax credits   118    93    69 
Net cash used in investing activities   (455,107)   (101,375)   (154,175)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES               
Borrowings under term loan   250,000         
Borrowings under revolving commitment   190,000         
Repayments of long term debt   (148,500)        
Payment of dividends   (153,836)   (152,742)   (122,017)
Cash paid for common stock purchased   (10,009)   (9,541)   (8,246)
Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities   127,655    (162,283)   (130,263)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   (2,945)   (14,179)   13,333 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (21,209)   8,435    (35,735)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   115,485    107,050    142,785 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year  $94,276   $115,485   $107,050 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information               
Cash paid for interest  $6,452   $25   $ 
Cash paid for income taxes, net  $75,812   $77,351   $90,702 
Non-cash additions to operating lease right-of-use assets  $75,782   $   $ 
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

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Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Items

Pension—Non-cash decreases/(increases) in the minimum pension liability which were charged/(credited) to other comprehensive income were $75.4  million, ($14.8) million, and $19.0 million in 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

Business Combinations —There were $34.2 million in non-cash acquisitions of assets in business combinations for the year ended December 31, 2019, $18.1 million in 2018 and $34.0 million for 2017. 

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, Rollins, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

1.           SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Business Description—Rollins, Inc. (the “Company”), was originally incorporated in 1948, under the laws of the state of Delaware as Rollins Broadcasting, Inc.

The Company is an international service company with headquarters located in Atlanta, Georgia, providing pest and termite control services through its wholly-owned subsidiaries to both residential and commercial customers in the United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, and Asia with international franchises in Mexico, Canada, Central and South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Services are performed through a contract that specifies the pricing arrangement with the customer.

Orkin, LLC. (“Orkin”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company founded in 1901, is the world’s largest pest and termite control company. It provides customized services from over 400 locations. Orkin either serves customers directly or through franchise operations, in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and Africa providing essential pest control services and protection against termite damage, rodents and insects to homes and businesses, including hotels, food service establishments, food manufacturers, retailers and transportation companies. Orkin operates under the Orkin®, and Orkin Canada® trademarks and the AcuridSM service mark. The Orkin® brand name makes Orkin the most recognized pest and termite company throughout the United States. The Orkin Canada brand name provides similar brand recognition throughout Canada.

Orkin Canada, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Orkin founded in 1952, was acquired by Orkin in 1999. Orkin Canada is Canada’s largest pest control provider and a leader in the development of fast, effective and environmentally responsible pest control solutions.

Western Pest Services (“Western”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company founded in 1928, was acquired by Rollins, Inc. in 2004. Western is primarily a commercial pest control service company and its business complements most of the services Orkin offers, focusing on the northeastern United States.

The Industrial Fumigant Company (“IFC”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company founded in 1937, was acquired by Rollins, Inc. in 2005. IFC is a leading provider of pest management and sanitation services and products to the food and commodity industries.

HomeTeam Pest Defense (“HomeTeam”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company established in 1996, was acquired by Rollins, Inc. in April 2008. At the time of the acquisition, HomeTeam, with its unique Taexx® tubes in the wall pest control system, was recognized as a premier pest control business and ranked as the 4th largest company in the industry. HomeTeam services home builders nationally.

Rollins Australia (“Rollins Australia”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, acquired Allpest WA (“Allpest”), in February 2014. Allpest was established in 1959 and is headquartered in Perth, Australia. Allpest provides traditional commercial, residential, and termite service as well as consulting services on border protection related to Australia’s biosecurity program and provides specialized services to Australia’s mining and oil and gas sectors.

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Critter Control, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, was acquired by Rollins, Inc. on February 27, 2015. Critter Control was established in 1983 and is headquartered in Traverse City, Michigan. The business is primarily franchised, operating in 40 states and one Canadian province.

Rollins UK was formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company to acquire Safeguard Pest Control (“Safeguard”) in June 2016. Safeguard is a pest control company established in the United Kingdom in 1991 with a history of providing superior pest control, bird control, and specialist services to residential and commercial customers.

Northwest Pest Control, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company founded in 1951, was acquired by Rollins, Inc. in August 2017. Northwest specializes in residential and commercial termite control, pest control, mosquito control, wildlife services, lawn care, insulation, and HVAC services, focusing on the Southeast United States.

On April 30, 2019, the Company acquired Clark Pest Control of Stockton, Inc. (“Clark Pest Control”) located in Lodi, CA. At the time of the acquisition, Clark Pest Control was a leading pest management company in California and the nation’s 8th largest pest management company according to PCT 100 rankings. Clark Pest Control services its customers from 26 service locations in 2 states. Clark Pest Control recorded revenues of approximately $139.2 million for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. The Company’s consolidated statements of income include the results of operations of Clark Pest Control for the period beginning April 30, 2019 through December 31, 2019.

The Company has several smaller wholly-owned subsidiaries that in total make up less than 5% of the Company’s total revenues.

The Company has only one reportable segment, its pest and termite control business. Revenue, operating profit and identifiable assets for this segment, includes the United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, Asia, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Africa. The Company’s results of operations and its financial condition are not reliant upon any single customer, few customers or foreign operations.

Principles of Consolidation—The Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Rollins, Inc. and the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). The Company does not consolidate the financial statements of any company in which it has an ownership interest of 50% or less. The Company is not the primary beneficiary of, nor does it have a controlling financial interest in, any variable interest entity. Accordingly, the Company has not consolidated any variable interest entity. The Company reclassified certain prior period amounts, none of which were material, to conform to the current period presentation. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Subsequent Events—The Company evaluates its financial statements through the date the financial statements are issued.

Estimates Used in the Preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements—The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying notes and financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition—The Company’s Revenue recognition policy is to recognize revenue upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, each of which are distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

Nature of Goods and Services and Performance Obligations

The Company contracts with its customers to provide the following goods and services, each of which is a distinct performance obligation:

Pest control services - Rollins provides pest control services to protect residential and commercial properties from common pests, including rodents and insects. Pest control generally consists of assessing a customer’s property for conditions that invite pests, tackling current infestations, and stopping the life cycle to prevent future invaders. Revenue from pest control services is recognized as services are rendered.

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The Company’s revenue recognition policies are designed to recognize revenues upon satisfaction of the performance obligation at the time services are performed. For certain revenue types, because of the timing of billing and the receipt of cash versus the timing of performing services, certain accounting estimates are utilized. Residential and commercial pest control services are primarily recurring in nature on a monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly basis, while certain types of commercial customers may receive multiple treatments within a given month. In general, pest control customers sign an initial one-year contract, and revenues are recognized at the time services are performed. The Company defers recognition of advance payments and recognizes the revenue as the services are rendered. The Company classifies discounts related to the advance payments as a reduction in revenues.

Termite control services (including traditional and baiting) - Rollins provides both traditional and baiting termite protection services. Traditional termite protection uses “Termidor” liquid treatment and/or dry foam and Orkin foam to treat voids and spaces around the property, while baiting termite protection uses baits to disrupt the molting process termites require for growth and offers ongoing protection. Revenue from initial termite treatment services is recognized as services are provided.

Maintenance/monitoring/inspection - In connection with the initial service offerings, Rollins provides recurring maintenance, monitoring or inspection services to help protect consumer’s property for any future sign of termite activities after the original treatment. This recurring service is a service-type warranty under ASC 606 as it is routinely sold and purchased separately from the initial treatment services and is typically purchased or renewed annually.

Termite baiting revenues are recognized based on the transfer of control of the individual units of accounting. At the inception of a new baiting services contract, upon quality control review of the installation, the Company recognizes revenue for the installation of the monitoring stations, initial directed liquid termiticide treatment and servicing of the monitoring stations. A portion of the contract amount is deferred for the undelivered monitoring performance obligation. This portion is recognized as income on a straight-line basis over the remaining contract term, which results in recognition of revenue that depicts the Company’s performance in transferring control of the service. The allocation of the transaction price to the two deliverables is based on the relative stand-alone selling price. There are no contingencies related to the delivery of additional items or meeting other specified performance conditions. Baiting renewal revenue is deferred and recognized over the annual contract period on a straight-line basis that depicts the Company’s performance in transferring control of the service.

Revenue received for conventional termite renewals is deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the remaining contract term that depicts the Company’s performance in transferring control of the service; and, the cost of reinspections, reapplications and repairs and associated labor and chemicals are expensed as incurred. For outstanding claims, an estimate is made of the costs to be incurred (including legal costs) based upon current factors and historical information. The performance of reinspections tends to be close to the contract renewal date and while reapplications and repairs involve an insubstantial number of the contracts, these costs are incurred over the contract term. As the revenue is being deferred, the future cost of reinspections, reapplications and repairs and associated labor and chemicals applicable to the deferred revenue are expensed as incurred. The Company accrues for noticed claims. The costs of providing termite services upon renewal are compared to the expected revenue to be received and a provision is made for any expected losses.

Miscellaneous services (e.g., cleaning, etc.) - In certain agreements with customers, Rollins may offer other miscellaneous services, including restroom cleaning (e.g., eliminating foul odors, grease and grime which could attract pests), training (e.g., seminars covering good manufacturing practices and product stewardship), etc. Revenue from miscellaneous services is recognized when services are provided.

Products - Depending on customer demand, Rollins may separately sell pest control and/or termite protection products, such as traps. Revenue from product sales is recognized upon transfer of control of the asset.

Equipment rental (or lease) - Depending on customer demand, Rollins may lease certain pest control and/or termite protection equipment. Revenue from equipment rentals are recognized over the period of the rental/lease. Revenue from equipment rentals represent less than 1.0% of the Company’s revenues for each reported period.

Right to access intellectual property (Franchise) - The right to access Rollins’ intellectual property is an essential part of Orkin’s franchising agreements. These agreements provide the franchisee (the customer) a license to use the Rollins’ name and trademark when advertising and selling services to end customers in their normal course of business. Orkin franchise agreements contain a clause allowing Orkin to purchase certain assets of the franchisee. This is only an offer for Orkin to re-purchase the assets originally provided by Orkin to the franchisee and is not a performance obligation or a form of consideration. International and domestic franchising revenue was less than 1.0% of the Company’s annual revenues.

34
 

All Orkin domestic franchises have a guaranteed repurchase clause that the Orkin franchise may be repurchased by Orkin at a later date once it has been established. The Company amortizes the initial franchise fee over the initial franchise term. Deferred Orkin franchise fees were $1.7 million and $1.6 million for the year ending December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Royalties from Orkin franchises are accrued and recognized as revenues are earned on a monthly basis. Revenue from Orkin franchises was $8.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 and $8.8 million and $5.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Contract Balances

Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers. We record unearned revenue when revenue is recognized subsequent to billing. Unearned revenue mainly relates to the Company’s termite baiting offering, conventional renewals, and year-in-advance pest control services for which we have been paid in advance and earn the revenue when we transfer control of the product or service. For multi-year agreements, we generally invoice customers annually at the beginning of each annual coverage period. Refer to Note 3 - Revenue for further information, including changes in unearned revenue for the year.

The Company extends terms to certain customers on higher dollar termite and ancillary work, as well as to certain franchisees for initial funding on the sale of franchises. These financed receivables are segregated from our trade receivables. The amounts that are due within one year from the balance sheet dates are classified as short-term financed receivables, and are shown, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, at $22.3 million as of December 31, 2019 and $18.5 million at December 31, 2018. The balances of long-term financed receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, were $30.8 million as of December 31, 2019 and $28.2 million at December 31, 2018 and are included in long-term assets on our consolidated statements of financial position. See Note 6 – Financing Receivables for further information.

The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence. Activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts can be found on Schedule II-Valuation and Qualifying Accounts.

Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within 30 to 60 days. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined our contracts generally do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of our invoicing terms is to provide customers with simplified and predictable ways of purchasing our products and services, not to receive financing from our customers or to provide customers with financing.

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

We generally expense sales commissions when incurred because the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded within sales and marketing expenses.

We do not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which we recognize revenue at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services performed. All revenues are reported net of sales taxes.

The Company’s foreign operations accounted for approximately 8% of revenues for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts— The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts based on the expected collectability of accounts receivable.  Management uses historical collection results as well as accounts receivable aging in order to determine the expected collectability of accounts receivable.  Substantially all of the Company’s receivables are due from pest control and termite services in the United States and selected international locations.  The Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts is determined using a combination of factors to ensure that our receivables are not overstated due to uncollectability. The Company’s established credit evaluation procedures seek to minimize the amount of business we conduct with higher risk customers. Provisions for doubtful accounts are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. Accounts are written-off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when the Company determines that amounts are uncollectible, and recoveries of amounts previously written off are recorded when collected. Significant recoveries will generally reduce the required provision in the period of recovery. Therefore, the provision for doubtful accounts can fluctuate significantly from period to period. There were no large recoveries in 2019, 2018, and 2017.  We record specific provisions when we become aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations to us, such as in the case of bankruptcy filings or deterioration in the customer’s operating results or financial position. If circumstances related to customers change, our estimates of the realizability of receivables would be further adjusted, either upward or downward. See Recent Accounting Guidance for discussion of the new FASB, ASU 2016-13 which provides updated guidance on measuring expected credit losses to be implemented in 2020.

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Advertising—Advertising costs are charged to sales, general and administrative expense during the year in which they are incurred.

             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
(in thousands)            
Advertising  $81,174   $69,875   $66,115 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents— The Company considers all investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Short-term investments, included in cash and cash equivalents, are stated at cost, which approximates fair market value.

The Company’s $94.3 million of total cash at December 31, 2019, is primarily cash held at various banking institutions. Approximately $74.1 million is held in cash accounts at international bank institutions and the remaining $20.2 million is primarily held in Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insured non-interest-bearing accounts at various domestic banks which at times may exceed federally insured amounts.

The Company’s international business is expanding, and we intend to continue to grow the business in foreign markets in the future through reinvestment of foreign deposits and future earnings as well as acquisitions of unrelated companies. Repatriation of cash from the Company’s foreign subsidiaries is not a part of the Company’s current business plan.

Rollins maintains adequate liquidity and capital resources, without regard to its foreign deposits, that are directed to finance domestic operations and obligations and to fund expansion of its domestic business for the foreseeable future.

         
At December 31,  2019   2018 
(in thousands) (in US dollars)        
Cash held in foreign bank accounts  $74,094   $53,613 

Marketable Securities— From time to time, the Company maintains investments held by several large, well-capitalized financial institutions. The Company’s investment policy does not allow investment in any securities rated less than “investment grade” by national rating services.

Management determines the appropriate classification of debt securities at the time of purchase and re-evaluates such designations as of each balance sheet date. Debt securities are classified as available-for-sale because the Company does not have the intent to hold the securities to maturity. Available-for-sale securities are stated at their fair values, with the unrealized gains and losses reported as in earnings.

The Company had no marketable securities other than those held in the defined benefit pension plan and the non-qualified deferred compensation plan at December 31, 2019 and 2018. See Note 16 for further details.

Materials and Supplies— Materials and supplies are stated at the lower cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the first-in, first-out method.

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Income Taxes—The Company provides for income taxes based on FASB ASC topic 740 “Income Taxes”, which requires recognition of deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the consolidated financial statements or tax returns. The Company provides an allowance for deferred tax assets when it determines that it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be utilized. The Company establishes additional provisions for income taxes when, despite the belief that tax positions are fully supportable, there remain certain positions that do not meet the minimum probability threshold. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense.

Equipment and Property— Equipment and Property are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation, and are provided principally on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Annual provisions for depreciation are computed using the following asset lives: buildings, 10 to 40 years; and furniture, fixtures, and operating equipment, 2 to 10 years. Expenditures for additions, major renewals and betterments are capitalized and expenditures for maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. The cost of assets retired or otherwise disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation and amortization are eliminated from the accounts in the year of disposal with the resulting gain or loss credited or charged to income. The annual provisions for depreciation, below, have been reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Income in the line item entitled Depreciation and Amortization.

             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
(in thousands)            
Depreciation  $36,646   $30,364   $27,381 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets— In accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and other”, the Company classifies intangible assets into three categories: (1) intangible assets with definite lives subject to amortization; (2) intangible assets with indefinite lives not subject to amortization; and (3) goodwill. The Company does not amortize intangible assets with indefinite lives or goodwill. Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate the assets might be impaired. Such conditions may include an economic downturn or a change in the assessment of future operations. The Company performs impairment tests of goodwill at the Company level. Such impairment tests for goodwill include comparing the fair value of the appropriate reporting unit (the Company) with its carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit is lower than its carrying value, then the Company will compare the implied fair value of goodwill to its carrying value. Impairment losses are recognized whenever the implied fair value of goodwill is less than its carrying value.  The Company performs impairment tests for indefinite-lived intangible assets by comparing the fair value of each indefinite-lived intangible asset unit to its carrying value. The Company recognizes an impairment charge if the asset’s carrying value exceeds its estimated fair value. The Company completed its most recent annual impairment analysis as of September 30, 2019. Based upon the results of these analyses, the Company has concluded that no impairment of its goodwill or intangible assets with indefinite lives was indicated.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - In accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”, the Company’s long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets with definite lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. We periodically evaluate the appropriateness of remaining depreciable lives assigned to long-lived assets, including customer contracts and assets that may be subject to a management plan for disposition.

Accrued Insurance—The Company retains, up to specified limits, certain risks related to general liability, workers’ compensation and vehicle liability. Risks above specified limits are managed through either high deductible insurance or a non-affiliated group captive insurance member arrangement. The estimated costs of existing and future claims under the retained loss program are accrued based upon historical trends as incidents occur, whether reported or unreported (although actual settlement of the claims may not be made until future periods) and may be subsequently revised based on developments relating to such claims. The Company contracts with an independent third-party actuary on a semi-annual basis to provide the Company an estimated liability based upon historical claims information. The actuarial study is a major consideration in establishing the reserve, along with management’s knowledge of changes in business practice and existing claims compared to current balances. Management’s judgment is inherently subjective as a number of factors are outside management’s knowledge and control. Additionally, historical information is not always an accurate indication of future events.

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Accrual for Termite Contracts—The Company maintains an accrual for termite claims representing the estimated costs of reapplications, repairs and associated labor and chemicals, settlements, awards and other costs relative to termite control services. Factors that may impact future costs include termiticide life expectancy and government regulation. It is significant that the actual number of claims has decreased in recent years due to changes in the Company’s business practices. However, it is not possible to precisely predict future significant claims. An accrual for termite contracts is included in other current liabilities and long-term accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated statements of financial position.

Contingency Accruals—The Company is a party to legal proceedings with respect to matters in the ordinary course of business. In accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 450 “Contingencies,” management estimates and accrues for its liability and costs associated with the litigation. Estimates and accruals are determined in consultation with outside counsel. Because it is not possible to accurately predict the ultimate result of the litigation, judgments concerning accruals for liabilities and costs associated with litigation are inherently uncertain and actual liability may vary from amounts estimated or accrued. However, in the opinion of management, the outcome of the litigation will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. Contingency accruals are included in other current liabilities and long-term accrued liabilities on the Company’s consolidated statements of financial position.

Three-for-two stock split—The Board of Directors at its quarterly meeting on October 23, 2018, authorized a three-for-two stock split by the issuance on December 10, 2018 of one additional common share for each two common shares held of record at November 9, 2018. All share and per share data appearing in the consolidated financial statements and related notes are restated for the three-for-two stock split.

Earnings Per Share—the FASB ASC Topic 260-10 “Earnings Per Share-Overall,” requires a basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share presentation. Further, all outstanding unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents, whether paid or unpaid, are considered participating securities and an entity is required to include participating securities in its calculation of basic earnings per share.

The Company has periodically issued share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends and therefore are considered participating securities. See Note 17 for further information on restricted stock granted to employees.

The basic and diluted calculations are the same as there were no stock options included in diluted earnings per share as we have no stock options outstanding. Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the respective periods.

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A reconciliation of weighted average shares outstanding along with the earnings per share attributable to restricted shares of common stock (participating securities) is as follows (in thousands except per share data). All share and per share information in the following chart are restated for the stock split effective December 10, 2018:

Years Ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
Net income available to stockholders  $203,347   $231,663   $179,124 
Less: Dividends paid               
Common Stock   (152,793)   (151,458)   (120,930)
Restricted shares of common stock   (1,042)   (1,284)   (1,087)
Undistributed earnings for the period  $49,512   $78,921   $57,107 
Allocation of undistributed earnings:               
Common stock   49,144    78,255    56,567 
Restricted shares of common stock   368    666    540 
Basic and diluted shares outstanding:               
Common stock   325,046    324,529    323,891 
Restricted shares of common stock   2,431    2,762    3,091 
Basic and diluted shares outstanding (in shares)   327,477    327,291    326,982 
Basic and diluted earnings per share:               
Common stock:               
Distributed earnings  $0.47   $0.47   $0.37 
Undistributed earnings   0.15    0.24   $0.18 
   $0.62   $0.71   $0.55 
Restricted shares of common stock               
Distributed earnings  $0.43   $0.47   $0.35 
Undistributed earnings   0.15    0.24    0.18 
   $0.58   $0.71   $0.53 

Translation of Foreign Currencies—Assets and liabilities reported in functional currencies other than U.S. dollars are translated into U.S. dollars at the year-end rate of exchange. Revenues and expenses are translated at the weighted-average exchange rates for the year. The resulting translation adjustments are charged or credited to other comprehensive income. Gains or losses from foreign currency transactions, such as those resulting from the settlement of receivables or payables, denominated in foreign currency are included in the earnings of the current period.

Stock-Based Compensation— The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation.” Time lapse restricted shares (TLRSs) have been issued to officers and other management employees under the Company’s Employee Stock Incentive Plan.

TLRSs provide for the issuance of a share of the Company’s Common Stock at no cost to the holder and generally vest after a certain stipulated number of years from the grant date, depending on the terms of the issue. Outstanding TLRSs vest in 20 percent increments starting with the second anniversary of the grant, over six years from the date of grant. During these years, grantees receive all dividends declared and retain voting rights for the granted shares. The agreements under which the restricted stock is issued provide that shares awarded may not be sold or otherwise transferred until restrictions established under the plans have lapsed. The fair value of these awards is recognized as compensation expense, net of forfeitures, on a straight-line basis over six years.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)—Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) results from foreign currency translations, minimum pension liability adjustments and cash flow hedge of interest rate risks.

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Franchising Program – Rollins’ wholly-owned subsidiary, Orkin, had 50, 47 and 47 domestic franchises as of December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Transactions with Orkin’s domestic franchises involve sales of customer contracts to establish new Orkin franchises, initial franchise fees and royalties. The customer contracts and initial Orkin franchise fees are typically sold for a combination of cash and notes due over periods ranging up to five years. Notes receivable from Orkin franchises were $6.7 million at December 31, 2019 and $6.5 million at December 31, 2018. The Company amortizes the initial domestic franchise fees over the initial franchise term. Deferred domestic Orkin franchise fees were $1.7 million at December 31, 2019 and $1.6 million December 31, 2018. These notes receivable are included as financing receivables and the deferred franchise fees are included in other current liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss (notes receivable from franchises less deferred franchise fees) relating to Orkin’s domestic franchises was $5.0 million, $4.9 million, and $2.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

As of December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, Orkin had 97, 86, and 81 international franchises, respectively. Orkin’s international franchise program began with its first international franchise in 2000 and since has expanded to Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and Africa.

Royalties from Orkin franchises (domestic and international) are accrued and recognized as revenues and are earned on a monthly basis. Revenue from Orkin franchises was $8.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 and $8.8 million and $5.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Rollins’ wholly-owned subsidiary, Critter Control, had 84, 80 and 89 franchises in the United States and Canada as of December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Transactions with Critter Control franchises involve sales of territories to establish new franchises, initial franchise fees and royalties. The territories and initial franchise fees are typically sold for a combination of cash and notes. Notes receivable from Critter Control franchises were $0.9 million and $0.6 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These notes are not guaranteed.  The Company anticipates that should there be any losses from franchisees, these losses would be recouped by terminating the franchisee and re-selling the territory. These amounts are included as financing receivables in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

Combined domestic and international revenues from Orkin, Critter Control and Australia franchises were $17.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 and $14.7 million and $9.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Total franchising revenues were less than 1.0% of the Company’s annual revenues.

Right to access intellectual property (Franchise) - The right to access Orkin’s and Critter Control’s intellectual property is an essential part of Orkin and Critter Control franchising agreements, respectively. These agreements provide the franchisee a license to use the brand name and trademark when advertising and selling services to end customers in their normal course of business. Orkin and Critter Control franchise agreements contain a clause allowing the respective franchisor to purchase certain assets of the franchisee at the conclusion of their franchise agreement or upon termination. This is only an option for the franchisor to re-purchase the assets selected by the franchisor and is not a performance obligation or a form of consideration.

 

Recent Accounting Guidance

Recently adopted accounting standards

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (ASC 842), on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach and did not restate comparative periods as permitted by ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements. We have elected the transition package of practical expedients, which permitted us not to reassess our prior conclusions regarding lease identification, lease classification and initial direct cost. The new standard also provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. We elected the short-term lease recognition exemption. Accordingly, the Company does not recognize right of use assets or lease liabilities, for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. Upon adoption, the Company recognized operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities of $195.7 million and $195.5 million, and a $0.2 million adjustment to beginning retained earnings.

The Company adopted ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (ASC 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income”, which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Reform Act”). The Company adopted ASU 2018-02 effective January 1, 2019 and elected not to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815), which provides new guidance intended to improve the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements. This ASU was adopted by the Company in 2019. The adoption of this ASU did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

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Recently issued accounting standards to be adopted in 2020 or later

In June of 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The updated accounting guidance requires the Company to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets, including trade receivables. Based on our current receivables and forecasts of future macroeconomic conditions, we estimate that the allowance for credit losses reported in our consolidated balance sheet will decrease by an immaterial amount at adoption. We will record the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill (i.e., Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test) to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value (i.e., measure the charge based on the current Step 1). The standard in this update is effective for the Company’s financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning in 2020. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (ASC 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The updated accounting guidance modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements by removing certain disclosure requirements related to the fair value hierarchy, modifying existing disclosure requirements related to measurement uncertainty and adding new disclosure requirements. The standard in this update is effective for the Company’s financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning in 2020. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

2.          ACQUISITIONS

The Company has made 30 and 38 acquisitions during the years ended December 31, 2019, and 2018, respectively, some of which have been disclosed on various press releases and related Current Reports on Form 8-K. 

Acquisition of Clark Pest Control:

The Company completed the acquisition of Clark Pest Control on April 30, 2019. Clark Pest Control is a leading pest management company in California and was the nation’s 8th largest pest management company according to PCT 100 rankings at the time of the acquisition, making it the largest Rollins acquisition since the Company acquired HomeTeam Pest Defense in 2008. Clark Pest Control services its customers from 26 service locations in 2 states. Clark Pest Control recorded revenues of approximately $139.2 million for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. The Company’s consolidated statements of income include the results of operations of Clark Pest Control for the period beginning April 30, 2019 through December 31, 2019.

The Company engaged an independent valuation firm to determine the allocation of the purchase price to goodwill and identifiable intangible assets. The valuation resulted in the allocation of $191.9 million to goodwill, $112.7 million to customer contracts, and $49.8 million to other intangible assets, principally tradenames. The finite-lived intangible assets, principally customer contracts, are being amortized over periods principally ranging from 5 to 10 years on a straight-lined basis.

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The fair values of Clark Pest Control's assets and liabilities, at the date of acquisition, were as follows:

 

(in thousands)  at April 30,
2019
 
Assets and liabilities:     
Trade accounts receivables  $6,974 
Materials and supplies   900 
Other current assets   5,367 
Equipment and property, net   65,535 
Goodwill   191,853 
Customer contracts   112,700 
Trademarks & tradenames   49,300 
Non-compete agreements   500 
Accounts payable   (1,929)
Accrued compensation and related liabilities   (5,678)
Unearned revenues   (879)
Contingent Consideration, short-term   (6,777)
Other current liabilities   (5,452)
Other long term liabilities   (9,352)
Accrued insurance, less current portion   (1,870)
Contingent Consideration, long-term   (5,923)
Total  $395,269 

The unaudited pro forma financial information presented below gives effect to the Clark Pest Control acquisition as if it had occurred as of the beginning of our fiscal year 2018. The information presented below is for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of results that would have been achieved if the acquisition had actually occurred as of the beginning of such years or results which may be achieved in the future.

   12 Months Ended 
   December 31, 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)  2019   2018 
Revenues:          
Customer Services  $2,060,280   $1,960,741 
Costs And Expenses   1,798,984    1,640,120 
Income Before Income Taxes   261,296    320,621 
Provision For Income Taxes   57,813    79,070 
Net Income  $203,483   $241,551 
Net Income Per Share - Basic And Diluted  $0.62   $0.74 
Dividends Paid Per Share  $0.47   $0.47 
Weighted average participating shares outstanding - basic and diluted   327,477    327,291 

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Total cash purchase price for the Company’s acquisitions in 2019 and 2018 were $430.6 million and $76.8 million, respectively. The fair values of major classes of assets acquired and liabilities assumed along with the contingent consideration liability recorded during the valuation period of acquisition is included in the reconciliation of the total consideration as follows (in thousands):

December 31,  2019   2018 
Accounts receivable  $7,728   $3,558 
Materials and supplies   1,378    556 
Equipment and property   68,704    7,374 
Goodwill   204,162    25,605 
Customer contracts   136,344    62,228 
Other intangible assets   50,650    6,936 
Current liabilities   (18,195)   (21,536)
Other assets and liabilities, net   (7,513)   (3,089)
Total consideration paid   443,258    81,632 
Less: Contingent consideration liability   (12,700)   (4,863)
Total cash purchase price  $430,558   $76,769 

3.          REVENUE

Adoption of ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under ASC 605.

There was no material impact on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting ASC 606 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018.

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by revenue source (in thousands, unaudited).

Sales and usage-based taxes are excluded from revenues. No sales to an individual customer or in a country other than the United States accounted for more than 10% of the sales for the periods listed on the following table. Revenue, classified by the major geographic areas in which our customers are located, was as follows:

             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
(in thousands)            
United States  $1,862,698   $1,677,116   $1,541,336 
Other Countries   152,779    144,449    132,621 
Total Revenues  $2,015,477   $1,821,565   $1,673,957 

Revenue from external customers, classified by significant product and service offerings, was as follows:

             
Years ended December 31,  2019   2018   2017 
(in thousands)            
Residential revenue  $861,636   $773,932   $705,787 
Commercial revenue   770,342    707,386    666,523 
Termite completions, bait monitoring and renewals   371,258    332,573    294,982 
Other revenues   12,241    7,674    6,665 
Total Revenues  $2,015,477   $1,821,565   $1,673,957 

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Deferred revenue recognized for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $165.0 million and $156.6 million, respectively. Changes in unearned revenue were as follows:

         
At December 31,  2019   2018 
(in thousands)        
Balance at beginning of year  $127,075   $117,614 
Deferral of unearned revenue   174,404    166,053 
Recognition of unearned revenue   (164,972)   (156,592)
Balance at end of year  $136,507   $127,075 

Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized (“contracted not recognized revenue”), which includes both unearned revenue and revenue that will be billed and recognized in future periods. The Company has no material contracted not recognized revenue as of December 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.

At December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had long-term unearned revenue of $13.7 million and $11.1 million, respectively. Unearned short-term revenue is recognized over the next 12-month period. The majority of unearned long-term revenue is recognized over a period of five years or less with immaterial amounts recognized through 2025.

4.          DEBT

The Company entered into a new Credit Agreement with SunTrust Bank and Bank of America, N.A. for an unsecured Revolving Commitment of up to $175.0 million, which includes a $75.0 million letter of credit subfacility and a $25.0 million swingline subfacility and an unsecured variable rate $250.0 million Term Loan with SunTrust Bank and Bank of America, N.A. Both the Revolving Commitment and the Term Loan have five-year durations commencing on April 29, 2019. In addition, the agreement has provisions to extend the duration beyond the Revolving Commitment Termination date as well as optional prepayments rights at any time and from time to time to prepay any borrowing, in whole or in part, without premium or penalty. As of December 31, 2019, the Revolving Commitment had outstanding borrowings of $101.5 million and the Term Loan had outstanding borrowings of $190.0 million. As of December 31, 2018, there were no outstanding borrowings. The $291.5 million outstanding borrowings value approximated the fair value at December 31, 2019 based upon interest rates available to the Company as evidenced by debt of other companies with similar credit characteristics. Our effective interest rate on the debt outstanding as of December 31, 2019 was 2.66%. The effective interest rate is comprised of the 1-month LIBOR plus a margin of 87.5 basis points as determined by our leverage ratio calculation.

The aggregate annual maturities of long-term debt were as follows:

(in thousands)  Revolving
Commitment
   Term Loan   Total 
2020  $   $12,500   $12,500 
2021       17,188    17,188 
2022