Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Royale Energy
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.36 51 $18
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
8-K 2019-09-20 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-09-10 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-01 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-25 Other Events
8-K 2019-03-18 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-11 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-31 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-10 M&A, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-17 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-19 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-26 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-06-29 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-26 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-22 Officers
8-K 2018-04-13 Enter Agreement, M&A, Sale of Shares, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-04 Enter Agreement, M&A, Sale of Shares, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-07 Enter Agreement, M&A, Off-BS Arrangement, Shareholder Rights, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
LNGG Linn Energy 6,140
APTI Apptio 1,641
FBNK First Connecticut Bancorp 495
REIS Reis 253
GRWG Growgeneration 139
EACO Eaco 55
LEDL LED Lighting 0
RETC 12 Retech 0
FTFC First Trinity Financial 0
TRXD Trxade Group 0
ROYL 2019-06-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 2 - Oil and Gas Property and Equipment and Fixtures
Note 3 - Loss per Share
Note 4 - Income Taxes
Note 5 - Implementation of Asc 842 - Lease Accounting
Note 6 - Issuance of Common Stock
Note 7 - Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 ex_154386.htm
EX-31.2 ex_154387.htm
EX-32.1 ex_154388.htm
EX-32.2 ex_154389.htm

Royale Energy Earnings 2019-06-30

ROYL 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 royaleinc20190809_10q.htm FORM 10-Q royaleinc20190809_10q.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2019

Commission File No. 000-55912

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

81-4596368

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

1870 Cordell Court, Suite 210

El Cajon, CA 92020

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

619-383-6600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Royale Energy Holdings, Inc.

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and  (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes ☒     No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Check one:

 

Large accelerated filer  ☐

Accelerated filer  ☐

Non-accelerated filer  ☐

Smaller reporting company  ☒

Emerging growth company ☐

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes ☐    No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a blank check company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value .001 per share

ROYL

OTC: QB

 

At August 1, 2019, a total of 50,863,438 shares of registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

24

 

 

 

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

25

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

25

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

25

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and of Proceeds

25

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

25

Item 5.

Other Information

25

Item 6.

Exhibits

25

Signatures

27

 

 

 

 

 

PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.     Financial Statements

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

 

   

June 30, 2019

   

December 31, 2018

 

ASSETS

               

Current Assets

               

Cash and Cash Equivalents

  $ 2,064,606     $ 1,853,742  

Restricted Cash

    6,479,199       4,501,300  

Other Receivables, net

    794,488       1,411,144  

Revenue Receivables

    432,987       316,974  

Prepaid Expenses

    697,108       174,852  

Total Current Assets

    10,468,388       8,258,012  
                 

Investment in Joint Venture

    6,125,662       6,583,931  

Right of Use Assets - Leases

    413,089       -  

Other Assets

    783,555       509,955  
                 

Oil and Gas Properties, (Successful Efforts Basis), net

    4,661,148       6,314,597  
                 

Furniture, Fixtures & Equipment, net

    7,974       92,893  

Total Assets

  $ 22,459,816     $ 21,759,388  

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

 

   

June 30, 2019

   

December 31, 2018

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

               
                 

Current Liabilities:

               

Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

  $ 5,867,200     $ 4,895,533  

Royalties Payable

    1,676,865       1,676,865  

Notes Payable, Current

    296,059       390,839  

Due to RMX Resources, LLC

    23,087       552,645  

Accrued Liabilities

    1,254,204       1,254,204  

Deferred Drilling Obligation

    8,746,276       6,213,283  

Lease Liability - current

    146,573       -  

Total Current Liabilities

    18,010,264       14,983,369  
                 

Noncurrent Liabilities:

               

Accrued Liabilities - Long Term

    1,306,605       1,306,605  

Accrued Unpaid Guaranteed Payments

    1,616,205       1,616,205  

Lease Liability - long-term

    266,516       -  

Asset Retirement Obligation

    2,529,223       2,366,455  

Total Liabilities

    23,728,813       20,272,634  
                 

Stockholders' Equity (Deficit):

               

Convertible Preferred Stock, Series B, $10 par value, 3,000,000 Shares Authorized, 2,089,740 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and 2,012,400 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018, respectively. Shares accrued but not issued at June 30, 2019, 18,235

    21,079,756       20,718,613  

Common Stock, $.001 Par Value, 280,000,000 Shares Authorized 50,804,608 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and 49,421,387 issued and outstanding at December 31,2018, respectively

    50,804       49,421  

Additional Paid in Capital

    53,370,890       53,023,350  

Accumulated Deficit

    (75,770,447 )     (72,304,630 )

Total Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

    (1,268,997 )     1,486,754  

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

  $ 22,459,816     $ 21,759,388  

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

 

FOR THE PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

   

2019

   

2018

 

Revenues:

                               

Oil, NGL and Gas Sales

  $ 406,225     $ 281,929     $ 809,394     $ 953,131  

    Supervisory Fees and Other

    15,903       512,430       586,010       564,400  
                                 

Total Revenues

    422,128       794,359       1,395,404       1,517,531  
                                 

Costs and Expenses:

                               

    Lease Operating

    364,548       499,170       720,158       766,818  

    Lease Impairment

    -       -       -       -  

    Geological and Geophysical Expense

    -       -       262,586       -  

    Well Equipment Write Down

    -       9,790       -       9,790  

    Bad Debt Expense

    3,936       -       5,863       -  

    General and Administrative

    604,739       608,273       1,302,902       1,467,630  

    Legal and Accounting

    111,032       364,580       388,804       1,077,302  

    Marketing

    93,409       55,210       160,540       123,693  

    Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization

    72,774       102,230       124,857       275,946  

        Total Costs and Expenses

    1,250,438       1,639,253       2,965,710       3,721,179  
                                 

Gain (Loss) on Turnkey Drilling

    83,930       -       110,399       -  

(Loss) From Operations

    (744,380 )     (844,894 )     (1,459,907 )     (2,203,648 )

Other Income (Loss):

                               

Interest Expense

    (6,637 )     -       (12,344 )     (169,829 )

Gain on Settlement of Accounts Payable

    -       46,218       62,972       46,218  

Loss on Sale of Assets

    -       (16,217,673 )     (1,237,126 )     (16,217,673 )

Gain (Loss) on Investment in Joint Venture

    283,526       (684,264 )     (458,269 )     (684,264 )

Loss on Derivative Instruments

    -       -       -       (105,130 )

Loss on Issuance of Warrants

    -       (1,439,990 )     -       (1,439,990 )

(Loss) Before Income Tax Expense

    (467,491 )     (19,140,603 )     (3,104,674 )     (20,774,316 )
                                 

Net (Loss)

  $ (467,491 )   $ (19,140,603 )   $ (3,104,674 )   $ (20,774,316 )

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend

    -       57,891       -       57,891  

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend in Arrears

    182,349       175,601       182,349       175,601  

Net (Loss) Attributable to Common Shareholders

    (649,840 )     (19,374,095 )     (3,287,023 )     (21,007,808 )
                                 

Shares used in computing Basin and Diluted Net Loss per share

    50,651,433       48,400,371       50,475,055       39,745,890  

Basic and Diluted (Loss) Per Share

  $ (0.01 )   $ (0.40 )   $ (0.07 )   $ (0.52 )

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018

 

   

2019

   

2018

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

               

Net Loss

  $ (3,104,674 )   $ (20,774,316 )

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Loss to Net

               

Cash Used in Operating Activities:

               

Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization

    124,857       275,946  

Loss on Sale of Assets

    1,237,126       16,217,673  

Gain on Turnkey Drilling Programs

    (110,399 )     -  

Gain on Settlement of Accounts Payable

    (62,972 )     (46,218 )

Loss on Investment in Joint Venture

    458,269       684,264  

Loss on Issuance of Warrants

            1,439,990  

Bad Debt Expense

    5,863          

Well Equipment Write Down

            9,790  

Loss on Derivative Instruments

            105,130  

Stock Based Compensation

    348,923          

Debt Issuance Costs Amortization

            144,186  

(Increase) Decrease in:

               

Other & Revenue Receivables

    500,643       319,805  

Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets

    (308,994 )     (9,634 )

Due from Affiliate

            (1,083,520 )

Increase (Decrease) in:

               

Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

    1,012,329       1,757,760  

Royalties Payable

            (301,220 )

Due to Affiliate

    (311,908 )        

Other Liabilities

            50,415  

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

    (210,937 )     (1,209,949 )
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

               

Expenditures for Oil and Gas Properties and Other Capital Expenditures

    (4,388,760 )     (36,008 )

Proceeds from Turnkey Drilling Programs

    6,953,655       2,762,500  

Proceeds from Sale of Assets, net

            3,444,482  

Cash Acquired in Merger

            548,805  

Net Cash Provided by Investing Activities

    2,564,895       6,719,779  
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

               

Principal Payments on Long-Term Debt

    (329,183 )     (274,920 )

Seismic Financing Agreement

    163,988          

Cash Advances on Pending Transactions Settlement

            (1,900,000 )

Net Cash Used by Financing Activities

    (165,195 )     (2,174,920 )
                 

Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents

    2,188,763       3,334,910  
                 

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period

    6,355,042       3,338,693  
                 

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at End of Period

  $ 8,543,805     $ 6,673,603  

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION:

               

Cash Paid for Interest

  $ 12,344     $ 164,829  

Cash Paid for Taxes

  $ 14,181     $ 2,400  
                 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASH INVESTING & FINANCING TRANSACTIONS:

               

Issuance of Common Stock in Acquisition

  $ -     $ 9,546,068  

Issuance of Convertible Preferred Stock, Series B, in Acquisition

  $ -     $ 20,124,000  

Issuance of Warrants in Joint Venture

  $ -     $ 1,440,000  

Issuance of Common Stock for Cash Advances and Interest

  $ -     $ 347,500  

Asset Retirement Obligation Addition

  $ -     $ -  

Issuance of Common Stock for Accrued Compensation Expense

  $ -     $ -  

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   

Common Stock

   

Preferred Stock
Series B

                         
   

Number of
Shares Issued
and Outstanding

   

Amount

   

Number of
Shares Issued
and Outstanding

   

Amount

   

Additional
Paid in
Capital

   

Accumulated
Comprehensive Deficit

   

Total

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

                                                       

December 31, 2017 Balance

    21,850,185     $ 40,561,882             $ -     $ 703,567     $ (48,205,690 )   $ (6,940,241 )

Matrix Merger

    25,800,186       (40,165,982 )     2,012,400       20,124,000       50,407,050       -       30,365,068  

Stock issued for conversion of notes pursuant to merger agreement

    750,000       (347,500 )             -       -       -       (347,500 )

Warrants issued to CIC with Sale of Assets to RMX

    -       -               -       1,440,000               1,440,000  

Preferred Series B 3.5% Dividend

    -       -               -       -       (233,492 )     (233,492 )

Net Loss

    -       -               -       -       (20,774,316 )     (20,774,316 )

June 30, 2018 Balance

    48,400,371     $ 48,400       2,012,400     $ 20,124,000     $ 52,550,617     $ (69,213,498 )   $ 3,509,519  
                                                         

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

                                                       

December 31, 2018 Balance

    49,421,387     $ 49,421       2,071,861     $ 20,718,613     $ 53,023,350     $ (72,304,630 )   $ 1,486,754  

Stock Issued in lieu of Compensation

    1,383,221       1,383               -       347,540       -       348,923  

Preferred Series B 3.5% Dividend

    -       -       36,115       361,143       -       (361,143 )     -  

Implementation of ASC 842 - Lease Accounting

    -       -               -       -       -       -  

Net Loss

    -       -               -       -       (3,104,674 )     (3,104,674 )

June 30, 2019 Balance

    50,804,608     $ 50,804       2,107,976     $ 21,079,756     $ 53,370,890     $ (75,770,447 )   $ (1,268,997 )
                                                         

Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

                                                       

March 31, 2018 Balance

    48,400,371     $ 48,400       2,012,400     $ 20,124,000     $ 51,110,617     $ (49,897,294 )   $ 21,385,723  

Warrants issued to CIC with Sale of Assets to RMX

     -       -               -       1,440,000               1,440,000  

Preferred Series B 3.5% Dividend

     -       -                       -       (175,601 )     (175,601 )

Net Loss

     -       -               -       -       (19,140,603 )     (19,140,603 )

June 30, 2018 Balance

    48,400,371     $ 48,400       2,012,400     $ 20,124,000     $ 52,550,617     $ (69,213,498 )   $ 3,509,519  
                                                         

Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

                                                       

March 31, 2019 Balance

    50,411,353     $ 50,411       2,089,741     $ 20,897,407     $ 53,262,368     $ (75,104,161 )   $ (893,975 )

Stock Issued in lieu of Compensation

    393,255       393               -       108,522               108,915  

Preferred Series B 3.5% Dividend

    -       -       18,235       182,349       -       (182,349 )     -  

Implementation of ASC 842 - Lease Accounting

    -               -                       (16,446 )     (16,446 )

Net Loss

    -       -       -       -       -       (467,491 )     (467,491 )

June 30, 2019 Balance

    50,804,608     $ 50,804       2,107,976     $ 21,079,756     $ 53,370,890     $ (75,770,447 )   $ (1,268,997 )

 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position and the results of its operations and cash flows for the periods presented.  The results of operations for the six-month period are not, in management’s opinion, indicative of the results to be expected for a full year of operations.  It is suggested that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s latest annual report as filed on Form 10-K.

 

The Company has a substantial investment in RMX Resources, LLC (“RMX”), a joint venture with CIC RMX LP. Royale entered into the RMX joint venture on April 13, 2018 and records its interest in RMX under the equity method as further described below.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

The Company has had recurring operating and net losses and cash used in operations and the consolidated financial statements reflect a working capital deficiency of $7,541,876 and an accumulated deficit of $75,770,447. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. We anticipate that our primary sources of liquidity will be from the sale of oil & gas in the course of normal operations, the sale of oil and gas property, sales of participation interest and possible issuance of debt and/or equity. If the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, it may become necessary to curtail, suspend or cease operations, sell property, or enter into financing transaction(s) on less favorable terms; any such outcomes could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity. Additionally, management has, and plans to continue, to increase revenue and reduce overhead and Lease Operating Expense (LOE) costs.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Consolidation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Royale Energy, Inc. (sometimes called the “Company” “we,” “our,” “us,” “Royale Energy,” or “Royale”), Royale Energy Funds, Inc. (“REF”), and Matrix Oil Management Corporation and its subsidiaries.  All entities comprising the consolidated financial statements of Royale Energy have fiscal years ending December 31.  All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.  As reflected in the accompanying financial statements, the Company has negative working capital, losses from operations and negative cash flows from operations.

 

Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change relate to the estimate of Company oil and gas reserves prepared by an independent engineering consultant.  Such estimates are subject to numerous uncertainties inherent in the estimation of quantities of proven reserves. Estimated reserves are used in the calculation of depletion, depreciation and amortization, unevaluated property costs, impairment of oil and natural gas properties, estimated future net cash flows, taxes, and contingencies.

 

Termination of RMX MSA

 

On December 31, 2018, Royale was formally notified of RMX Resources, LLC’s intent to terminate the MSA as of March 31, 2019. The Termination Notice calls for Royale to continue to provide accounting and other services through March 31, 2019. Thereafter, per Article VII, Section 7.2 of the MSA, Royale has provided all reasonable assistance requested, by the RMX Board of Directors, to transition the management of RMX through April 30, 2019 at which point all services under the Master Service Agreement (“MSA”) terminated.

 

 

Settlement Agreement and Well Participation Agreement with RMX

 

On March 11, 2019, Royale entered into a Settlement Agreement with RMX to resolve differences resulting from the calculation of certain post-closing amounts as called for under Section 7.3 of the Subscription and Contribution Agreement. Under the terms of this provision, Royale estimated that it may owe RMX approximately $552,645 related to its calculation of this post-closing amount under this provision. In addition, there are other disputed amounts related to certain joint owner billing amounts remaining unpaid at year end. In settlement of these differences, Royale has agreed to assign its remaining interests in the Bellevue Field, located in Kern County and the W. Whittier Field located in Los Angeles County, California to RMX. At December 31, 2018, the Bellevue and W. Whittier fields accounted for 5.145 and 140.647 Mboe in reserves and were valued at $67,671 and $2.4 million, respectively, using SEC pricing and discounted at 10 percent. Royale will continue to be responsible for the liability for the payment of all royalties and suspended funds incurred prior to March 1, 2018. As part of this Settlement Agreement, RMX will offer Royale the right, but not the obligation, to participate in a number of wells to be drilled in the Sansinena, Sempra, Whittier and/or East LA properties in Los Angeles County, California at an offered working interest up to 75% of RMX’s working interest in each of the offered wells. The minimum number of wells to be offered to Royale in each year is 2 net wells as determined by an agreed upon methodology. The Agreement also calls for certain credits toward future drilling costs of the offered wells. The Company recorded a loss of $1,237,126 on the settlement during 1st quarter 2019.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The majority of our ongoing revenues are derived from the sale of crude oil and condensate, natural gas liquids ("NGLs") and natural gas under spot and term agreements with our customers.

 

   

For the Three Months  
Ended June 30,

   

For the Six Months  
Ended June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

   

2019

   

2018

 

Oil & Condensate Sales

  $ 214,657     $ 213,377     $ 360,907     $ 799,373  

Natural Gas Sales

    191,568       65,041       448,487       150,246  

NGL Sales

    -       3,511       -       3,511  

  Oil, NGL and Gas Sales

  $ 406,225     $ 281,929     $ 809,394     $ 953,131  

 

The pricing in our hydrocarbon sales agreements are variable, determined using various published benchmarks which are adjusted for negotiated quality and location differentials. As a result, revenue collected under our agreements with customers is highly dependent on the market conditions and may fluctuate considerably as the hydrocarbon market prices rise or fall. Typically, our customers pay us monthly, within a short period of time after we deliver the hydrocarbon products. As such, we do not have any financing element associated with our contracts. We do not have any issues related to returns or refunds, as product specifications are standardized for the industry and are typically measured when transferred to a common carrier or midstream entity, and other contractual mechanisms (e.g., price adjustments) are used when products do not meet those specifications.

 

We often serve as the operator for jointly owned oil and gas properties. As part of this role, we perform activities to explore, develop and produce oil and gas properties in accordance with the joint operating arrangement and collective decisions of the joint parties. Other working interest owners reimburse us for costs incurred based on our agreements. We determined that these activities are not performed as part of customer relationships, and, accordingly, these reimbursements are not reported as revenue.

 

We commonly market the share of production belonging to other working interest owners as the operator of jointly owned oil and gas properties. We concluded that those marketing activities are carried out as part of the collaborative arrangement, and we do not purchase or otherwise obtain control of other working interest owners’ share of production. Therefore, we act as a principal only in regards to the sale of our share of production and recognize revenue for the volumes associated with our net production.

 

The Company frequently sells a portion of the working interest in each well it drills or participates in to third party investors and retains a portion of the prospect for its own account.  The Company typically guarantees a cost to drill to the third-party drilling participants and records a loss or gain on the difference between the guaranteed price and the actual cost to drill the well.  When monies are received from third parties for future drilling obligations, the Company records the liability as Deferred Drilling Obligations.  Once the contracted depth for the drilling of the well is reached and a determination as to the commercial viability of the well (typically call “Casing Point Election” or “Logging Point”), the difference in the actual cost to drill and the guaranteed cost is recorded as income or expense depending on whether there was a gain or loss.

 

 

Crude oil and condensate

 

For the crude sales agreements, we satisfy our performance obligations and recognize revenue once customers take control of the crude at the designated delivery points, which include pipelines, trucks or vessels.

 

Natural gas and NGLs

 

When selling natural gas and NGLs, we engage midstream entities to process our production stream by separating natural gas from the NGLs. Frequently, these midstream entities also purchase our natural gas and NGLs under the same agreements. In these situations, we determined the performance obligation is complete and satisfied at the tailgate of the processing plant when the natural gas and NGLs become identifiable and measurable products. We determined the plant tailgate is the point in time where control, is transferred to midstream entities and they are entitled to significant risks and rewards of ownership of the natural gas and NGLs.

 

The amounts due to midstream entities for gathering and processing services are recognized as shipping and handling cost and included as lease operating expense in our consolidated statement of operations, since we make those payments in exchange for distinct services with the exception of natural gas sold to PG&E where transportation is netted directly against revenue. Under some of our natural gas processing agreements, we have an option to take the processed natural gas and NGLs in-kind and sell to customers other than the processing company. In those circumstances, our performance obligations are complete after delivering the processed hydrocarbons to the customer at the designated delivery points, which may be the tailgate of the processing plant or an alternative delivery point requested by the customer.

 

Turnkey Drilling Obligations

 

Turnkey Agreements are managed by the Company for the participants of the well.  The collections of pre-drilling AFE amounts are segregated by the Company and the gains and losses on the Turnkey Agreements are recorded in income or expense at the time of the casing point election in accordance with ASC 932-323-25 (Extractive Activities - Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures) and 932-360 (Extractive Activities - Oil and Gas Property, Plant, and Equipment).  The Company manages the performance obligation for the well participants and only records revenue or expense at the time the performance obligation of the Turnkey Agreement has been satisfied. At June 30, 2019 we had Deferred Drilling Obligations of $8,746,276, during the first six months of 2019 we disposed of $4,420,662 of drilling obligations upon completing the drilling of two natural gas wells in Northern California and two oil wells in Southern California, while incurring expenses of $4,310,263 resulting in a gain of $110,399. At June 30, 2018, Royale Energy had a Deferred Drilling Obligation of $8,654,398.  During the first six months of 2018, we were unable to drill new wells due to wet weather conditions and other delays in our Northern California fields.

 

Supervisory Fees and Other

 

These amounts include proceeds from the MSA with RMX for the providing of land, engineering, accounting and support services for the RMX joint venture. Revenues earned under the MSA are recorded at the end of each month that services were performed in conformity with the Agreement with an offsetting receivable from the RMX joint venture. The service fee income is deemed earned at the end of each month that services are performed as prescribed by the contract. During the first half of 2019, we recognized $540,000 or 39% of our total revenues from these services. Royale has a single supervisory fee customer, that being RMX, which represents 100% of the Supervisory Fee income. On December 31, 2018, Royale received notice of cancelation of the MSA by RMX effective March 31, 2019. Also included are Pipeline and Compressor fees which are received and allocated based on production volumes.

 

Restricted Cash

 

Royale sponsors turnkey drilling arrangements in both proved and exploratory properties. The contracts require that participants pay Royale the full contract price upon execution of the drilling agreement. Each participant earns an undivided interest in the well bore at the completion of the well. A portion of the funds received in advance of the drilling of a well from a working interest participant are held for the expressed purpose of drilling a well. If something changes, the Company may designate these funds for a substitute well. Under certain conditions, a portion of these funds may be required to be returned to a participant. Once the well is drilled, the funds are used to satisfy the drilling cost. Royale classifies these funds prior to drilling as restricted cash.

 

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheet that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the statement of cash flows.

 

   

June 30, 2019

   

December 31, 2018

 

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 2,064,606     $ 1,853,742  

Restricted cash 

    6,479,199       4,501,300  

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the statement of cash flows

  $ 8,543,805     $ 6,355,042  

 

Equity Method Investments

 

Investments in entities over which we have significant influence, but not control, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Income from equity method investments represents our proportionate share of net income generated by the equity method investees and is reflected in revenue and other income in our consolidated statements of income. Equity method investments are included as noncurrent assets on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

Equity method investments are assessed for impairment whenever changes in the facts and circumstances indicate a loss in value may have occurred as called for under ASC 323. When a loss is deemed to have occurred and is other than temporary, the carrying value of the equity method investment is written down to fair value, and the amount of the write-down is included in income.

 

Listed below is the summarized information required under Rule 3-09 of regulation S-X, Article 10 for Royale’s investment in RMX:

 

   

RMX Resources
LLC

   

Royale Energy, Inc.
Share

 
   

June 30,
2019
(unaudited)

   

December 31,

2018

   

June 30,
2019
(unaudited)

   

December 31,

2018

 

Balance Sheet

                               

    Total Assets

  $ 69,850,682     $ 71,758,262     $ 13,970,136     $ 14,351,652  

    Total Liabilities

    39,222,371       38,838,608       7,844,474       7,767,722  

    Member Equity

    30,628,311       32,919,654       6,125,662       6,583,931  

 

   

RMX Resources
LLC

   

Royale Energy, Inc.
Share

 
   

For the three months ended

June 30, 2019
(unaudited)

   

For the six months ended

June 30, 2019
(unaudited)

   

For the three months ended

June 30, 2019
(unaudited)

   

For the six months ended

June 30, 2019
(unaudited)

 

Results of Operations:

                               

    Net Operating revenue

  $ 4,140,138     $ 7,779,816     $ 828,028     $ 1,555,963  

    Income (Loss) from operations

    880,589       502,827       176,118       100,565  

    Net Income (Loss)

    1,417,633       (2,291,342 )     283,527       (458,268 )

 

 

Other Receivables

 

Our other receivables consist of joint interest billing receivables from direct working interest investors and industry partners. We provide for uncollectible accounts receivable using the allowance method of accounting for bad debts.  Under this method of accounting, a provision for uncollectible accounts is charged directly to bad debt expense when it becomes probable the receivable will not be collected.  The allowance account is increased or decreased based on past collection history and management’s evaluation of accounts receivable.  All amounts considered uncollectible are charged against the allowance account and recoveries of previously charged off accounts are added to the allowance.  At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company maintained an allowance for uncollectable accounts of $2,260,077 and $2,296,384, respectively, for receivables from direct working interest investors whose expenses on non-producing wells were unlikely to be collected from revenue.

 

Revenue Receivables

 

Our revenue receivables consist of receivables related to the sale of our natural gas and oil.  Once a production month is completed, we receive payment approximately 15 to 30 days later for Company operated properties. For outside operated properties, we receive payment approximately 45 to 60 days later.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

According to Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring and nonrecurring basis in period subsequent to initial recognition, the reporting entity shall disclose information that enable users of its financial statements to assess the inputs used to develop those measurements and for recurring fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, the effect of the measurements on earnings for the period.

 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible as well as considers counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value. Carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, approximate their fair values as of the balance sheet dates because of their generally short maturities.

 

The fair value hierarchy distinguishes between (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) and (2) an entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2: Directly or indirectly observable inputs as of the reporting date through correlation with market data, including quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets and quoted prices in markets that are not active. Level 2 also includes assets and liabilities that are valued using models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment since the input assumptions used in the models, such as interest rates and volatility factors, are corroborated by readily observable data from actively quoted markets for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and reflect the use of significant management judgment. These values are generally determined using pricing models for which the assumptions utilize management’s estimates of market participant assumptions. The Company estimates the fair value of ARO’s based on discounted cash flow projections using numerous estimates, assumptions and judgements regarding such factors as the existence of a legal obligation for an ARO, amounts and timing of settlements, the credit-adjusted risk-free rate to be used and inflation rates.

 

At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, Royale Energy did not have any financial assets measured and recognized at fair value on a recurring basis.  The Company estimates asset retirement obligations pursuant to the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 410, “Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations” (“FASB ASC 410”). The initial measurement of asset retirement obligations at fair value is calculated using discounted cash flow techniques and based on internal estimates of future retirement costs associated with oil and gas properties. Given the unobservable nature of the inputs, including plugging costs and reserve lives, the initial measurement of the asset retirement obligation liability is deemed to use Level 3 inputs.

 

 

Fair Values - Non-recurring

 

The Company applies the provisions of the fair value measurement standard to its non-recurring, non-financial measurements including oil and natural gas property impairments and other long-lived asset impairments. These items are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis but are subject to fair value adjustments only in certain circumstances.

 

Stock Dividends Accrued but Not Declared

 

The Convertible Preferred Stock, Series B, has a legal requirement to pay a dividend on a quarterly basis. The Board of Directors has authorized the payment of dividends of $773,407 for which 77,340 Preferred B shares were issued in kind through March 31, 2019. The Board has not authorized any dividends for subsequent periods. Because there is a legal requirement to pay this dividend, either in cash or in kind, the Company charges retained earnings for the fair value of the dividend with an offsetting credit allocating the amount of the dividend between the preferred stock account (at par or at stated value) and Additional Paid in Capital in the same manner as would be done if the dividend were issued before the balance sheet date. For the second quarter of 2019, the Company is reflecting an accrued dividend of $182,349 and is estimating 18,235 shares to be issued.

 

Accounting Standards

 

Recently Adopted

 

ASU 842, Lease Accounting Standard

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued a new leasing accounting standard, which modified the definition of a lease and established comprehensive accounting and financial reporting requirements for leasing arrangements. It requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use ("ROU") asset for all leases, including operating leases, with a term of greater than 12 months on the balance sheet. On January 1, 2019, we adopted the new lease accounting standard as further described in Note 5 using the modified retrospective method and applied to all leases that existed as of that date. It does not apply to oil & gas mineral leases and contracts to explore for or use minerals, oil, natural gas and similar non-regenerative resources, including the intangible right to explore for those natural resources and rights to use the land in which those natural resources are contained.

 

We also adopted the following ASUs during 2018, none of which had a material impact to our financial statements or financial statement disclosures:

 

ASU 2018-02, Reporting Comprehensive Income – Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued an ASU allowing an entity the choice to retained earnings the tax effects related to the TCJA that are stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income. We adopted this standard during the first quarter of 2019. It did not have a material impact to our financial statements or financial statement disclosures.

 

ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and hedging – Targeted Improvement to Accounting for Hedging Activities

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to amend the hedge accounting rules to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance and better portray the economic results of risk management activities in the financial statements. The guidance expands the ability to hedge nonfinancial and financial risk components, reduces complexity in fair value hedges of interest rate risk, eliminates the requirements to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and eases certain hedge effectiveness assessment requirements. The guidance is effective beginning in 2019. We have not historically used derivatives to hedge our commodity price risk, this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

NOT YET ADOPTED

 

ASU 2018-18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808) Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606

 

This is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ASU 2018-17, Consolidation (Topic 810), Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities

 

Effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2018-15, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internet Use Software (Subtopic 350-400), Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract

 

Effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2018-14, Compensation – Retirement Benefits – Defined Benefit Plans – General (Subtopic 715-720), Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans

 

Effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for fair value measurement

 

Effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2017-04, Intangible – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued a new ASU that eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of the goodwill (Step 2 of goodwill impairment test under the current guidance) to measure a goodwill impairment charge. We anticipate the standard to require entities to record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value (measure the charge based on Step 1 under the current guidance). This standard is effective for us in the first quarter of 2020 and shall be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. We plan to adopt the standard on a prospective basis, and do not expect a material impact on our consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows for prior periods.

 

ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

 

Effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 including interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is permitted only for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Application of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU 2016-13, Credit Losses -- CECL –Current Expected Credit Losses Methodology

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued a new expected credit loss accounting standard in June 2016. The new accounting standard introduces the current expected credit losses methodology (CECL) for estimating allowances for credit losses. The guidance requires that for most financial assets, losses be based on an expected loss approach which includes estimates of losses over the life of exposures that considers historical, current and forecasted information. Expanded disclosures related to the methods used to estimate the losses as well as a specific disaggregation of balances for financial assets are also required. The standard is effective for SEC filers in fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. For public business entities that are not SEC filers, the standard takes effect in fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. For an entity that is not a public business entity, it takes effect in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020.

 

 

NOTE 2  OIL AND GAS PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT AND FIXTURES

 

Oil and gas properties, equipment and fixtures consist of the following:

 

   

June 30,
2019

   

December 31,
2018

 
   

(Unaudited)

         

Oil and Gas

               

Producing properties, including drilling costs

  $ 7,614,769       9,340,779  

Undeveloped or unevaluated properties

    71,637       25,582  

Lease and well equipment

    3,332,909       3,350,893  

Total Oil & Gas

    11,019,315       12,717,254  

Accumulated depletion, depreciation & amortization

    (6,358,167 )     (6,402,657 )

Total Oil & Gas Net

    4,661,148       6,314,597  
                 

Commercial and Other

               

Real estate, including furniture and fixtures

    -       83,405  

Vehicles

    40,061       40,061  

Furniture and equipment

    1,097,428       1,095,149  

Total Commercial and Other

    1,137,489       1,218,615  

Accumulated depreciation

    (1,129,515 )     (1,125,722 )

Total Commercial and Other Net

    7,974       92,893  

Oil & Gas Property and Equipment and Fixtures

  $ 4,669,122     $ 6,407,490  

 

The guidance set forth in the Continued Capitalization of Exploratory Well Costs paragraph of the Extractive Activities Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification requires that we evaluate all existing capitalized exploratory well costs and disclose the extent to which any such capitalized costs have become impaired and are expensed or reclassified during a fiscal period. We did not make any additions to capitalized exploratory well costs pending a determination of proved reserves during the periods ended June 30, 2019 or in 2018.

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization, based on cost less estimated salvage value of the asset, are primarily determined under either the unit-of-production method or the straight-line method, which is based on estimated asset service life taking obsolescence into consideration.  Maintenance and repairs, are expensed as incurred.  Major renewals and improvements are capitalized and the assets replaced are retired.

 

The project construction phase commences with the development of the detailed engineering design and ends when the constructed assets are ready for their intended use.  Interest costs, to the extent they are incurred to finance expenditures during the construction phase, are included in property, plant and equipment and are depreciated over the service life of the related assets.

 

Royale Energy uses the “successful efforts” method to account for its exploration and production activities.  Under this method, Royale Energy accumulates its proportionate share of costs on a well-by-well basis with certain exploratory expenditures and exploratory dry holes being expensed as incurred and capitalizes expenditures for productive wells.  Royale Energy amortizes the costs of productive wells under the unit-of-production method.

 

Royale Energy carries, as an asset, exploratory well costs when the well has found a sufficient quantity of reserves to justify its completion as a producing well and where Royale Energy is making sufficient progress assessing the reserves and the economic and operating viability of the project.  Exploratory well costs not meeting these criteria are charged to expense. Other exploratory expenditures, including geophysical costs and annual lease rentals, are expensed as incurred.

 

Acquisition costs of proved oil & gas properties are amortized using a unit-of-production method, computed on the basis of total proved oil and gas reserves.

 

 

Capitalized exploratory drilling and development costs associated with productive depletable extractive properties are amortized using unit-of-production rates based on the amount of proved developed reserves of oil and gas that are estimated to be recoverable from existing facilities using current operating methods.  Under the unit-of-production method, oil and gas volumes are considered produced once they have been measured through meters at custody transfer or sales transaction points at the outlet valve on the lease or field storage tank.

 

Production costs are expensed as incurred. Production involves lifting the oil and gas to the surface and gathering, treating, field processing and field storage of the oil and gas. The production function normally terminates at the outlet valve on the lease or field production storage tank. Production costs are those incurred to operate and maintain Royale Energy’s wells and related equipment and facilities. They become part of the cost of oil and gas produced. These costs, sometimes referred to as lifting costs, include such items as labor costs to operate the wells and related equipment; repair and maintenance costs on the wells and equipment; materials, supplies and energy costs required to operate the wells and related equipment; and administrative expenses related to the production activity. Proved oil and gas properties held and used by Royale Energy are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable.

 

Royale Energy estimates the future undiscounted cash flows of the affected properties to judge the recoverability of carrying amounts and whether carrying amounts should be impaired. The Company performs the evaluation of carrying amounts at least annually or when economic events or commodity prices indicate that a substantial and measurable change in future cash flows has occurred. Cash flows used in impairment evaluations are developed using updated evaluation assumptions for crude oil and natural gas commodity prices.  Annual volumes are based on field production profiles, which are also updated annually.

 

Impairment analyses are generally based on proved reserves. An asset group would be impaired if the undiscounted cash flows were less than it’s carrying value.  Impairments are measured by the amount the carrying value exceeds fair value. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, no impairment losses were incurred.

 

Significant unproved properties are assessed for impairment individually, and valuation allowances against the capitalized costs are recorded based on the estimated economic chance of success and the length of time that Royale Energy expects to hold the properties.  The valuation allowances are reviewed at least annually.

 

 Upon the sale or retirement of a complete field of a proved property, Royale Energy eliminates the cost from its books, and the resultant gain or loss is recorded to Royale Energy’s Statement of Operations.  Upon the sale of an entire interest in an unproved property where the property has been assessed for impairment individually, a gain or loss is recognized in Royale Energy’s Statement of Operations.  If a partial interest in an unproved property is sold, any funds received are accounted for as a recovery of the cost in the interest retained with any excess funds recognized as a gain. Should Royale Energy’s turnkey drilling agreements include unproved property, total drilling costs incurred to satisfy its obligations are recovered by the total funds received under the agreements.  Any excess funds are recorded as a Gain on Turnkey Drilling Programs, and any costs not recovered are capitalized and accounted for under the “successful efforts” method. 

 

Royale Energy sponsors turnkey drilling agreement arrangements in unproved properties as a pooling of assets in a joint undertaking, whereby proceeds from participants are reported as Deferred Drilling Obligations, and then reduced as costs to complete its obligations are incurred with any excess booked against its property account to reduce any basis in its own interest.  Gains on Turnkey Drilling Programs represent funds received from turnkey drilling participants in excess of all costs Royale incurs during the drilling programs (e.g., lease acquisition, exploration and development costs), including costs incurred on behalf of participants and costs incurred for its own account; and are recognized only upon making this determination after Royale’s obligations have been fulfilled.

 

The contracts require the participants pay Royale Energy the full contract price upon execution of the agreement.  Royale Energy completes the drilling activities typically between 10 and 30 days after drilling begins.  The participant retains an undivided or proportional beneficial interest in the property and is also responsible for its proportionate share of operating costs.  Royale Energy retains legal title to the lease.  The participants purchase a working interest directly in the well bore.

 

In these working interest arrangements, the participants are responsible for sharing in the risk of development, but also sharing in a proportional interest in rights to revenues and proportional liability for the cost of operations after drilling is completed and the interest is conveyed to the participant.

 

 

A certain portion of the turnkey drilling participant’s funds received are non-refundable.  The Company holds all funds invested as Deferred Drilling Obligations until drilling is complete.  Occasionally, drilling is delayed for various reasons such as weather, permitting, drilling rig availability and/or contractual obligations.  At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, Royale Energy had Deferred Drilling Obligations of $8,746,276 and $6,213,283, respectively.

 

If Royale Energy is unable to drill the wells, and a suitable replacement well is not found, Royale would retain the non-refundable portion of the contract and return the remaining funds to the participant.  Included in Restricted Cash are amounts for use in completion of turnkey drilling programs in progress.

 

Losses on properties sold are recognized when incurred or when the properties are held for sale and the fair value of the properties is less than the carrying value.

 

NOTE 3  LOSS PER SHARE

 

Basic and diluted loss per share are calculated as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

 
   

Basic

   

Diluted

   

Basic

   

Diluted

 

Net (Loss)

  $ (467,491 )   $ (467,491 )   $ (19,140,603 )   $ (19,140,603 )

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend

    -       -       57,891       57,891  

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend in Arrears

    182,349       182,349       175,601       175,601  

Net (Loss) Attributable to
Common Shareholders

    (649,840 )     (649,840 )     (19,374,095 )     (19,374,095 )

Weighted average common shares outstanding

    50,651,443       50,651,443       48,400,371       48,400,371  

Effect of dilutive securities

    -       -       -       -  

Weighted average common shares,
including Dilutive effect

    50,651,443       50,651,443       48,400,371       48,400,371  

Per share:

                               

     Net (Loss)

  $ (0.01 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.40 )   $ (0.40 )

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

 
   

Basic

   

Diluted

   

Basic

   

Diluted

 

Net (Loss)

  $ (3,104,674 )   $ (3,104,674 )   $ (20,774,316 )   $ (20,774,316 )

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend

    -       -       57,891       57,891  

Less: Preferred Stock Dividend in Arrears

    182,349       182,349       175,601       175,601  

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to
Common Shareholders

    (3,287,023 )     (3,287,023 )     (21,007,808 )     (21,007,808 )

Weighted average common shares outstanding

    50,475,055       50,475,055       39,745,890       39,745,890  

Effect of dilutive securities

    -       -       -       -  

Weighted average common shares,
including Dilutive effect

    50,475,055       50,475,055       39,745,890       39,745,890  

Per share:

                               

     Net (Loss)

  $ (0.07 )   $ (0.07 )   $ (0.52 )   $ (0.52 )

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, Royale Energy had dilutive securities of 23,978,631 and 23,509,917, respectively.  These securities were not included in the dilutive loss per share due to their antidilutive nature.

 

 

NOTE 4 – INCOME TAXES 

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the net tax effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and amounts used for income tax purposes.  Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.  At the end of 2015, management reviewed the reliability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets, and due to the Company’s continued cumulative losses in recent years, the Company concluded it is not “more-likely-than-not” its deferred tax assets will be realized.  As a result, the Company will continue to record a full valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets in 2019.

 

A reconciliation of Royale Energy’s provision for income taxes and the amount computed by applying the statutory income tax rates at June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, to pretax income is as follows: 

 

   

Six Months
Ended
June 30, 2019

   

Six Months
Ended
June 30, 2018

 

Tax benefit computed at statutory rate of 21% at June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively

  $ (651,982 )   $ (4,362,606 )
                 

Increase (decrease) in taxes resulting from:

               

State tax / percentage depletion / other

               

Other non-deductible expenses

    850       624  

Change in valuation allowance

    651,132       4,361,982  

Provision (benefit)

  $ -     $ -  

 

NOTE 5 – IMPLEMENTATION OF ASC 842 – LEASE ACCOUNTING

 

In February 2016, the FASB established Topic 842, Leases, by issuing Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, which requires lessees to recognize leases on-balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842; ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases; and ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements. The new standard establishes a right-of-use model (“ROU”) that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. As a public company, the new standard is effective for us on January 1, 2019. A modified retrospective transition approach is the implementation methodology we have selected; applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application, in this case January 1, 2019. Consequently, financial information has not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard have not been provided for dates and periods before January 1, 2019.

 

The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients for the transition. We have elected the ‘package of practical expedients’, which permits us not to reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. We do not expect to elect the use-of hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter not being applicable to us. We have elected all of the new standard’s available transition practical expedients.

 

The standard did not materially impact our consolidated results of operations, earnings per share, and had no impact on cash flows. The most significant effects relate to: (1) the recognition of new ROU assets in long-term assets on the balance sheet; (2) lease liabilities, both short-term and long-term, on our balance sheet; and, (3) providing significant new disclosures about our leasing activities. We do not expect a significant change in our leasing activities as a result of the adoption of this new pronouncement

 

The interest rate used in each lease analysis was the risk-free rate for the period of the lease plus 400 basis points as the Company’s risk premium.

 

 

The Company has two office leases. One at 1870 Cordell Court, El Cajon, California, the location of its corporate offices and one at 104 W. Anapamu, Santa Barbara, California, the location of the Company’s CEO and engineering team. The corporate office lease was entered into on August 31, 2016 and expires on October 31, 2021 with initial monthly payments of $6,148 with escalations. The lease in Santa Barbara was initiated in December of 2006 and, through several extensions and renewals, will expire in March of 2022. The initial base rental payment was $5,086 with various adjustments to market and planned escalations. These two leases were initially recorded as operating leases at January 1, 2019 as listed below.

 

   

Debit (Credit)

 

● Operating Lease – ROU Asset

  $ 483,504  
         

● Operating Lease Liability – Current

    (140,831 )

● Operating Lease Liability – Long-Term

    (342,673 )

 

The new standard provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. We have elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. This means, for those leases that qualify, we will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets or lease liabilities for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. We also currently expect to elect the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all of our finance leases. For our real estate operating leases, we have only considered the fixed portion of our lease payment commitment and have excluded the variable components from the capitalized ROU and lease liability.

 

Lease expense for operating as well as finance leases is included in General and Administrative expense and interest expense on the Consolidated Statement of Operations, while the lease expense for those leases that are short-term are included in Oil and Gas Lease Operating Expenses. The amounts are as follows:

 

   

Six Months ended
June 30, 2019

   

Three Months ended
June 30, 2019

 

Operating lease expense

  $ 100,474     $ 42,117  

Financing lease expense

    2,939       1,602  

Operating – short-term

    7,886       7,886  

Short Term - field

    3,000       1,500  

Total lease expense

  $ 114,299     $ 53,105  

 

The following tables summarized the operating lease obligations.

 

Operating Lease Obligations

       

2019 (remaining 6 months)

  $ 84,446  

2020

    173,809  

2021

    179,630  

2022

    24,409  

Total undiscounted lease payments

  $ 462,294  

Less:  Amount representing interest

    49,205  

Total operating lease liabilities

  $ 413,089  

Current portion of long-term liability as June 30, 2019

  $ 146,573  

Long-term lease liability as of June 30, 2019

  $ 266,516  

 

NOTE 6 ISSUANCE OF COMMON STOCK

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, in lieu of cash payments for salaries and fees, Royale issued 1,383,221 shares of its Common stock valued at approximately $348,923 to various officers and board members.

 

 

NOTE SUBSEQUENT EVENTS 

 

West Coast Settlement

 

On December 5, 2018, Royale entered into a Purchase and Sales Agreement (“West Coast Agreement”) for properties located in the Jameson North Field Area in Mitchell and Nolan Counties, Texas and the Big Mineral Creek Field Area in Grayson County, Texas. The seller was West Coast Energy Properties, LP. The West Coast Agreement called for a post-closing settlement. In July 11, 2019, Royale entered into a post-closing settlement as called for under the terms of the West Coast Agreement calling for payment due seller of $156,975 to be made in equal monthly payments of $26,163 commencing July 31, 2019 with the final payment on December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

Item 2.           Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

In addition to historical information contained herein, this discussion contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, subject to various risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the “forward-looking” statements. While we believe our forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, there are factors that are difficult to predict and that are influenced by economic and other conditions beyond our control. Investors are directed to consider such risks and other uncertainties discussed in documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Results of Operations

 

The merger between Royale Energy and Matrix Oil Management was completed during the first quarter of 2018.  For the period in 2018, the consolidated amounts represented here are for the six month period for Royale Energy, Inc. and the four month period from March through June for Matrix Oil Management and its subsidiaries. For a further discussion regarding the 2018 merger and subsequent sale of oil and gas assets to RMX Resources, LLC, please refer to our 2018 Form 10-K.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, we had a net loss of $3,104,674, when compared to the net loss of $20,774,316 during the six months ended June 30, 2018.  This difference was primarily due to the loss in the second quarter 2018 on the transfer of assets of $16,217,673 which was recorded upon the transfer of oil and gas properties to RMX and surface rights in exchange for cash and a 20 percent working interest in RMX under the Contribution Agreement. Under the Contribution Agreement, we also issued warrants to acquire 4,000,000 shares of Royale common stock and recorded a loss of $1,439,990.  Our net loss for the second quarter of 2019 was $467,491, while in the second quarter of 2018 the net loss was $19,140,603, mainly due to the sale of assets to RMX. Total revenues for the first six months of 2019 and 2018 were $1,395,404 and $1,517,531, respectively.  

 

During the first six months of 2019, revenues from oil and gas production decreased $143,737 or 15.1% to $809,394 from the 2018 first half revenues of $953,131.  This decrease was mainly due to higher production volumes during the period in 2018 which were associated with the merger consolidation.  The net sales volume of oil and condensate for the six months ended June 30, 2019, was approximately 6,629 barrels with an average price of $54.44 per barrel, versus 12,345 barrels with an average price of $64.75 per barrel for the first half of 2018.  This represents a decrease in net sales volume of 5,716 barrels. The net sales volume of natural gas for the six months ended June 30, 2019, was approximately 135,887 Mcf with an average price of $3.30 per Mcf, versus 62,385 Mcf with an average price of $2.41 per Mcf for the same period in 2018.  This represents an increase in net sales volume of 73,502 Mcf or 117.8%.  The increase in natural gas production volume was due to wells that were drilled and put into production during the period in 2019 and to several of our operated wells being offline during the period in 2018 due to new pipeline equipment requirements by Pacific Gas & Electric. For the quarter ended June 30, 2019, revenues from oil and gas production increased $124,296 or 44.1% to $406,225 from the 2018 second quarter revenues of $281,929.  This increase was also to the wells which came online during the period in 2019 and to several of our operated wells being offline during the period in 2018.  The net sales volume of oil and condensate for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, was approximately 3,584 barrels with an average price of $59.89 per barrel, versus 3,036 barrels with an average price of $70.89 per barrel for the second quarter of 2018.  This represents an increase in net sales volume of 548 barrels for the quarter in 2019. The net sales volume of natural gas for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, was approximately 73,420 Mcf with an average price of $2.61 per Mcf, versus 29,221 Mcf with an average price of $2.23 per Mcf for the second quarter of 2018.  This represents an increase in net sales volume of 44,199 Mcf or 151.3% for the quarter in 2019.

 

Oil and natural gas lease operating expenses decreased by $46,660 or 6.1%, to $720,158 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $766,818 for the same period in 2018.  For the second quarter in 2019, lease operating expenses decreased $134,622 or 27.0% from the same quarter in 2018. These were both lower due to the decrease in the number of wells operated by the Company during the period in 2019, related to the transfer of properties during the sale and final settlement with RMX Resources, LLC.  

 

The aggregate of supervisory fees and other income was $586,010 for six months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $21,610 from $564,400 during the same period in 2018.  This increase was due to higher pipeline and compressor fee receipts related to higher production volumes during the period in 2019 and higher interest income. During the second quarter 2019, supervisory fees and other income decreased $496,527 or 96.9% when compared to the quarter in 2018, due to the cancellation of the service agreement with RMX Resources as of March 31, 2019.

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense decreased to $124,857 from $275,946, a decrease of $151,089 or 54.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2019, as compared to the same period in 2018. During the second quarter 2019, depreciation, depletion and amortization expenses decreased $29,456 or 28.8%. The depletion rate is calculated using production as a percentage of reserves.  This decrease in depreciation expense was due to the decrease in the number of wells and related equipment, as a result of the transfer of properties during the sale and final settlement with RMX Resources, LLC.

 

General and administrative expenses decreased by $164,728 or 11.2% from $1,467,630 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, to $1,302,902 for the same period in 2019, due mainly to lower fees related to a loan Matrix had at the time of the merger.  For the second quarter 2019, general and administrative expenses decreased $3,534 or 0.6% when compared to the same period in 2018. Marketing expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019, increased $36,847, or 29.8%, to $160,540, compared to $123,693 for the same period in 2018.  For the second quarter 2019, marketing expenses increased $38,199 or 69.2% when compared to the second quarter in 2018. Marketing expense varies from period to period according to the number of marketing events attended by personnel and their associated costs.

 

Legal and accounting expense decreased to $388,804 for the six month period in 2019, compared to $1,077,302 for the same period in 2018, a $688,498 or 63.9% decrease.  For the second quarter 2019, legal and accounting expenses decreased $253,548 or 69.6%, when compared to the second quarter in 2018. These decreases were primarily due to legal fees related to the Matrix merger during the periods in 2018.

 

During first quarter in 2019, we recorded geological and geophysical expense of $262,586 related to the acquisition of a seismic survey of a Northern California field. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, we recorded losses of $458,269 and $684,264, respectively on investment in joint venture as our 20% share of RMX Resources, LLC’s period net losses of $2,291,343 and $3,421,321. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, we recorded gains of $62,972 and $46,218, respectively, on the settlement of accounts payable.  During the period ended June 30, 2018, we recorded a $105,130 loss on derivative instruments, reflecting the period end market-to market changes in the fair value positions, related to Matrix operations prior to the conclusion of the merger. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded a write down of $9,790 on certain well equipment that was no longer useable.

 

At June 30, 2019, Royale Energy had a Deferred Drilling Obligation of $8,746,276.  During the first six months of 2019, we disposed of $4,420,662 of drilling obligations upon completing the drilling of two natural gas wells in Northern California and two oil wells in Southern California, while incurring expenses of $4,310,263, resulting in a gain of $110,399.  At June 30, 2018, Royale Energy had a Deferred Drilling Obligation of $8,654,398.  During the first six months of 2018, we were unable to drill new wells due to wet weather conditions and other delays in our Northern California fields.  

 

Interest expense decreased to $12,344 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $169,829 for the same period in 2018, a $157,485 decrease.  This decrease resulted from interest accrued during the period in 2018 on the term loan agreement originated by Matrix.  Further details concerning this agreement can be found in Capital Resources and Liquidity, below.  

 

Capital Resources and Liquidity

 

At June 30, 2019, Royale Energy had current assets totaling $10,468,388 and current liabilities totaling $18,010,264 a $7,541,876 working capital deficit.  We had $2,064,606 in cash and $6,479,199 in restricted cash at June 30, 2019, compared to $1,853,742 in cash and $4,501,300 in restricted cash at December 31, 2018.

 

At June 30, 2019, our other receivables, which consist of joint interest billing receivables from direct working interest investors and industry partners, totaled $794,488, compared to $1,411,144 at December 31, 2018, a $616,656 decrease.  This decrease was mainly due to receipts from RMX Resources for contracted services.  At June 30, 2019, revenue receivable was $432,987, an increase of $116,013, compared to $316,974 at December 31, 2018, due to higher oil and gas production volumes on wells drilled during the period in 2019.  At June 30, 2019, our accounts payable and accrued expenses totaled $5,867,200, an increase of $971,667 from the accounts payable at December 31, 2018 of $4,895,533, which was related to increased drilling activities during the period in 2019. 

 

The Company has had recurring operating and net losses and cash used in operations and the consolidated financial statements reflect a working capital deficiency of $7,541,876 and an accumulated deficit of $75,770,447. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. We anticipate that our primary sources of liquidity will be from the sale of oil & gas in the course of normal operations, the sale of oil and gas property, sales of participation interest and possible issuance of debt and/or equity. If the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, it may become necessary to curtail, suspend or cease operations, sell property, or enter into financing transaction(s) on less favorable terms; any such outcomes could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity. Additionally, management has, and plans to continue, to increase revenue and reduce overhead and Lease Operating Expense (LOE) costs.

 

 

Matrix Oil Management Corp entered into a term loan agreement with Arena Limited SPV, LLC (Term Loan) for approximately $12.4 million, in conjunction with a Purchase and Sale Agreement on June 15, 2016. The original maturity date of the Term Loan was June 15, 2018, it was secured by the assets of Matrix, and contained financial covenants commencing June 30, 2016 and thereafter, as defined in the term loan agreement. The Term Loan contained preferential payment requirements in advance of the amounts outstanding under the subordinated notes payable to partners, as defined in the term loan agreement.  The Term Loan Agreement called for interest at the rate of nine percent (9%) plus the adjusted LIBOR Rate computed on a daily basis.  The loan balance as of March 31, 2018 was $11,140,749.  The Company recognized $164,017 in interest expense for the period ended March 31, 2018.  This loan agreement was paid in full in April 2018.

 

Operating Activities.  Net cash used by operating activities totaled $210,937 and $1,209,949 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  This decrease in cash used was mainly due to lower receivables due from affiliates during the period in 2018 related to the sale of oil and gas assets in the formation of RMX Resources, LLC.

 

Investing Activities.  Net cash provided by investing activities totaled $2,564,895 and $6,719,779 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. During the period in 2019, we received approximately $7 million in direct working interest investor turnkey drilling investments while our drilling expenditures were approximately $4.2 million in the drilling and completion of two Northern California natural gas wells and two Southern California oil wells. During the 2018 period, the cash provided was due to approximately $4 million received in the merger and for the oil and gas asset sale and contribution in the formation of RMX Resources, LLC. In the 2018 period, we also received $2,762,500 in direct working interest investor turnkey drilling investments.

 

Financing Activities.  During the six months ended June 30, 2019, net cash used by financing activities totaled $165,195. During the period in 2019, a financing agreement for a seismic survey was recognized when the terms were finalized.  Additionally, in 2019, there were principal payments of approximately $259,000 on our note with Forza Operating. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, net cash used by financing activities totaled $2,174,920, mainly due to the $1.9 million settlement payment for the cash advances on pending transactions. During the period in 2018, we also paid approximately $275,000 for principal and fee payments on the Matrix originated term loan agreement.

 

 

Item 3.      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Our major market risk exposure relates to pricing of oil and gas production.  The prices we receive for oil and gas are closely related to worldwide market prices for crude oil and local spot prices paid for natural gas production.  Prices have been volatile for the last several years, and we expect that volatility to continue.  Monthly average natural gas prices ranged from a low of $2.53 per Mcf to a high of $5.87 per Mcf for the first six months of 2019. 

 

Item 4.      Controls and Procedures

 

As of June 30, 2019, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures.  These controls and procedures are based on the definition of disclosure controls and procedures in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. 

 

As a result of the review by the CFO and CEO, a number of weaknesses were identified as listed below.

 

Certain legal documents, such as debt and equity financing transactions, during the 2018 fiscal year were not supported by fully executed agreements. Management will have all equity and note transactions reviewed by outside counsel for proper completion and execution. Should the Company receive funds prior to receipt of fully executed documents, they will be recorded as a liability pending finalization of legal documents. Management is monitoring this situation for compliance on a going forward basis.

 

We did not maintain effective controls over our financial close and reporting process during the period when Royale was providing back office accounting services for RMX under the terms of the MSA. Providing these services for RMX while meeting the financial reporting requirements of a public company created workload issues for the accounting staff. The MSA with RMX has been terminated and the additional workload has been alleviated. Management is working to document more completely the closing and reporting processes of the Company. Management is monitoring the closing processes as they return to the environment of the period prior to the RMX formation and the responsibilities of the MSA.

 

We did not have appropriate policies and procedures to properly evaluate the accuracy of the tax basis of acquired assets associated with the merger of the Company with Matrix as more fully described in the financial notes to these statements. Management has engaged a nationally recognized CPA firm and believes that their engagement will remediate this weakness. Management is actively working with the outside CPA firm to complete the remediation of these issues and file the required tax returns for the year ending December 31, 2018.

 

Because of the material weaknesses described above, our management was unable to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of the end of period to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Except for the actions described above that were taken to address the material weaknesses, there were no changes in our internal controls during the period ended June 30, 2019, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Notwithstanding the material weaknesses described above, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, believes that the consolidated financial statements contained in this Report on Form 10-Q fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the fiscal periods presented in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. In addition, the material weaknesses described did not result in the restatements of any of our audited or unaudited consolidated financial statements or disclosures for any previously reported periods.

 

Internal Control over Financial Reporting and Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II.      OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.      Legal Proceedings

 

None

 

Item 1A.      Risk Factors

 

Not applicable to smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 2.      Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

During the period covered by this report, we have not issued any unregistered shares.

 

Item 4.      Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable

 

Item 5.      Other Information

 

None

 

Item 6.      Exhibits

 

4.1

Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., Certificate of Designation of Series B 3.5% Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on February 27, 2018, filed as Exhibit 2.5 to the Company’s Form 8-A, filed March 8, 2018

 

 

10.1

Agreement and Plan of Exchange between Royale Energy, Inc., Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., and the partners of Matrix Investments, LP (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.2

Agreement and Plan of Exchange between Royale Energy, Inc., Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., and the partners of Matrix Las Cienegas Limited Partnership (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.3

Agreement and Plan of Exchange between Royale Energy, Inc., Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., and the partners of Matrix Permian Investments, LP (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.4

Agreement and Plan of Exchange between Royale Energy, Inc., Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., Matrix Oil Corporation and the shareholders of Matrix Oil Corporation (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.5

Preferred Exchange Agreement between Royale Energy, Inc., Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., and the holders of the preferred limited partnership interests of Matrix Investments, LP (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.6

Consent To Merger, Joinder, Waiver And Fourth Amendment To Term Loan Agreement between Matrix Oil Corporation, Matrix Pipeline LP, Matrix Oil Management Corporation, Matrix Las Cienegas Limited Partnership, Matrix Investments, L.P., Matrix Permian Investments, LP, Matrix Royalty, LP, Royale Energy Holdings, Inc., Royale Energy, Inc., Arena Limited SPV, LLC, Arena Limited SPV, LLC, , and  Cargill Incorporated (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.7

Pledge Agreement by Royale Energy, Inc., in favor of Arena Limited SPV, LLC (February 28, 2018) filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.8

Settlement Agreement and Release between Joseph Henry Paquette TR FBO OVE, Inc Profit Sharing Plan FBO Joseph Paquette and Royale Energy, Inc. (February 28, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 12, 2018

 

 

10.11

Company Agreement of RMX (April 4, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 10, 2018

 

 

10.12

Assignment and Assumption Agreement by and between Sunny Frog Oil, LLC, RMX, Royale, and SFO Production Payment LLC (April 4, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 10, 2018

 

 

10.13

Conveyance of Term Overriding Royalty Interest between Sunny Frog Oil, LLC, and Royale (April 4, 2018), filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 10, 2018

 

 

10.14

Form of Management Services Agreement between Royale and RMX to be entered upon Second Closing of Contribution Agreement, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 10, 2018

 

 

10.15

Purchase and Sale Agreement between Sunny Frog Oil, LCC, and REF (November 27, 2017), filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 10, 2018

 

 

10.16

Letter Agreement by and among RMX, CIC, Royale, REF and Matrix (April 12, 2018), filed as Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 17, 2018

 

 

10.17

Royale Energy, Inc., 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.19

Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas M. Gladney, filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.20

Employment Agreement between the Company and Jonathan Gregory, filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.21

Employment Agreement between the Company and Harry E. Hosmer, filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.22

Employment Agreement between the Company and Barry Lasker, filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.23

Employment Agreement between the Company and Mel. G. Riggs, filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.24

Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert Vogel, filed as Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

 

 

10.25

Employment Agreement between the Company and Michael McCaskey, filed as Exhibit 10.9 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 29, 2018

   
10.26 Settlement Agreement and Well Participation Agreement by and between Royale Energy, Inc., and RMX Resources, LLC, dated March 11, 2019, filed as Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed March 14, 2019.
   

31.1

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

 

31.2

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

 

32.1

18 U.S.C. § 1350 Certification

 

 

32.2

18 U.S.C. § 1350 Certification

 

 

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

 

 

 

Signatures

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

ROYALE ENERGY, INC.

 

 

 

 

Date:  August 14, 2019

/s/ Johnny Jordan

 

 

Johnny Jordan, Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

Date:  August 14, 2019

/s/ Stephen M. Hosmer

 

 

Stephen M. Hosmer, Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

27