Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Red Robin
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$33.73 13 $437
10-Q 2019-07-14 Quarter: 2019-07-14
10-Q 2019-04-21 Quarter: 2019-04-21
10-K 2018-12-30 Annual: 2018-12-30
10-Q 2018-10-07 Quarter: 2018-10-07
10-Q 2018-07-15 Quarter: 2018-07-15
10-Q 2018-04-22 Quarter: 2018-04-22
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-10-01 Quarter: 2017-10-01
10-Q 2017-07-09 Quarter: 2017-07-09
10-Q 2017-04-16 Quarter: 2017-04-16
10-K 2016-12-25 Annual: 2016-12-25
10-Q 2016-10-02 Quarter: 2016-10-02
10-Q 2016-07-10 Quarter: 2016-07-10
10-Q 2016-04-17 Quarter: 2016-04-17
10-K 2015-12-27 Annual: 2015-12-27
10-Q 2015-10-04 Quarter: 2015-10-04
10-Q 2015-07-12 Quarter: 2015-07-12
10-Q 2015-04-19 Quarter: 2015-04-19
10-K 2014-12-28 Annual: 2014-12-28
10-Q 2014-10-05 Quarter: 2014-10-05
10-Q 2014-07-13 Quarter: 2014-07-13
10-Q 2014-04-20 Quarter: 2014-04-20
10-K 2013-12-29 Annual: 2013-12-29
8-K 2019-10-07 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-09-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-09-05 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-09-02 Enter Agreement, Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-23 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-02 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-26 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-19 Other Events
8-K 2019-06-11 Officers
8-K 2019-06-04 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-30 Officers, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-03 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-01 Officers
8-K 2019-03-20 Officers
8-K 2019-02-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-31 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-06 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-30 Officers
8-K 2018-09-04 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-30 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-05-22 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-22 Earnings, Exhibits
MCD McDonalds 168,395
CMG Chipotle 23,380
JACK Jack In The Box 2,212
BLMN Bloomin' Brands 1,514
BJRI BJS Restaurants 753
LOCO El Pollo Loco 383
FRGI Fiesta Restaurant 242
ARKR Ark Restaurants 71
FAT FAT Brands 45
GTIM Good Times Restaurants 24
RRGB 2019-07-14
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 exhibit101amendmenttoemplo.htm
EX-10.2 exhibit102secondamendmentt.htm
EX-31.1 rrgb-2019714xex311.htm
EX-31.2 rrgb-2019714xex312.htm
EX-32.1 rrgb-2019714xex321.htm

Red Robin Earnings 2019-07-14

RRGB 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 rrgb-2019714x10xq.htm 10-Q Document
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    
For the quarterly period ended July 14, 2019

or
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission File Number: 001-34851

RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
84-1573084
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
6312 S. Fiddler’s Green Circle, Suite 200 N
 
 
Greenwood Village, CO
 
80111
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(303) 846-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ý   No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ý  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer ý
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
RRGB
 
NASDAQ (Global Select Market)

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

As of August 21, 2019, there were 12,967,566 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value of $0.001 per share outstanding.



RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.

1


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements (unaudited)

RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
December 30, 2018
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
26,194

 
$
18,569

Accounts receivable, net
 
12,978

 
25,034

Inventories
 
27,428

 
27,370

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
15,005

 
27,576

Total current assets
 
81,605

 
98,549

Property and equipment, net
 
527,789

 
565,142

Right of use assets, net
 
448,352

 

Goodwill
 
96,453

 
95,838

Intangible assets, net
 
32,071

 
34,609

Other assets, net
 
73,665

 
49,803

Total assets
 
$
1,259,935

 
$
843,941

Liabilities and stockholders equity:
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
32,037

 
$
39,024

Accrued payroll and payroll-related liabilities
 
37,863

 
37,922

Unearned revenue
 
39,723

 
55,360

Short-term portion of lease obligations
 
42,136

 
786

Accrued liabilities and other
 
43,899

 
38,057

Total current liabilities
 
195,658

 
171,149

Deferred rent
 

 
75,675

Long-term debt
 
181,375

 
193,375

Long-term portion of lease obligations
 
503,030

 
9,414

Other non-current liabilities
 
10,158

 
11,523

Total liabilities
 
890,221

 
461,136

Stockholders equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock; $0.001 par value: 45,000 shares authorized; 17,851 and 17,851 shares issued; 12,985 and 12,971 shares outstanding
 
18

 
18

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value: 3,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
 

 

Treasury stock 4,866 and 4,880 shares, at cost
 
(200,428
)
 
(201,505
)
Paid-in capital
 
212,059

 
212,752

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
(4,724
)
 
(4,801
)
Retained earnings
 
362,789

 
376,341

Total stockholders’ equity
 
369,714

 
382,805

Total liabilities and stockholders equity
 
$
1,259,935

 
$
843,941

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2


RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurant revenue
 
$
302,418

 
$
310,392

 
$
702,902

 
$
725,094

Franchise and other revenues
 
5,563

 
4,996

 
14,945

 
11,813

Total revenues
 
307,981

 
315,388

 
717,847

 
736,907

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurant operating costs (excluding depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 
72,387

 
74,874

 
166,102

 
173,389

Labor
 
106,538

 
106,476

 
249,432

 
249,491

Other operating
 
43,000

 
42,668

 
98,565

 
97,693

Occupancy
 
25,458

 
26,460

 
60,478

 
61,470

Depreciation and amortization
 
21,369

 
22,323

 
49,807

 
51,516

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
35,234

 
35,617

 
83,350

 
81,935

Pre-opening costs
 

 
569

 
319

 
1,706

Other charges
 
16,847

 
10,615

 
19,245

 
16,902

Total costs and expenses
 
320,833

 
319,602

 
727,298

 
734,102

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Loss) income from operations
 
(12,852
)
 
(4,214
)
 
(9,451
)
 
2,805

Other expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net and other
 
2,153

 
2,385

 
5,391

 
5,792

Loss before income taxes
 
(15,005
)
 
(6,599
)
 
(14,842
)
 
(2,987
)
Income tax benefit
 
(15,986
)
 
(4,725
)
 
(16,462
)
 
(5,493
)
Net income (loss)
 
$
981

 
$
(1,874
)
 
$
1,620

 
$
2,506

Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.08

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
0.19

Diluted
 
$
0.08

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
0.19

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
12,970

 
12,982

 
12,969

 
12,979

Diluted
 
13,043

 
12,982

 
13,047

 
13,080

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
$
406

 
$
(497
)
 
$
77

 
$
(770
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
406

 
(497
)
 
77

 
(770
)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
1,387

 
$
(2,371
)
 
$
1,697

 
$
1,736

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss,
net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paid-in
Capital
 
 
Retained
Earnings
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Total
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,880

 
$
(201,505
)
 
$
212,752

 
$
(4,801
)
 
$
376,341

 
$
382,805

Exercise of options, issuance of restricted stock, shares exchanged for exercise and tax, and stock issued through employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
(32
)
 
1,344

 
(1,204
)
 

 

 
140

Acquisition of treasury stock
 

 

 
31

 
(974
)
 

 

 

 
(974
)
Non-cash stock compensation
 

 

 

 

 
477

 

 

 
477

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
639

 
639

Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
(329
)
 

 
(329
)
Topic 842 transition impairment, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(15,172
)
 
(15,172
)
Balance, April 21, 2019
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,879

 
$
(201,135
)
 
$
212,025

 
$
(5,130
)
 
$
361,808

 
$
367,586

Exercise of options, issuance of restricted stock, shares exchanged for exercise and tax, and stock issued through employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
(30
)
 
1,208

 
(907
)
 

 

 
301

Acquisition of treasury stock
 

 

 
17

 
(501
)
 

 

 

 
(501
)
Non-cash stock compensation
 

 

 

 

 
941

 

 

 
941

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
981

 
981

Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
406

 

 
406

Balance, July 14, 2019
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,866

 
$
(200,428
)
 
$
212,059

 
$
(4,724
)
 
$
362,789

 
$
369,714


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
(In thousands)

 
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss,
net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paid-in
Capital
 
 
Retained
Earnings
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2017
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,897

 
$
(202,485
)
 
$
210,708

 
$
(3,566
)
 
$
382,760

 
$
387,435

Exercise of options, issuance of restricted stock, shares exchanged for exercise and tax, and stock issued through employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
(26
)
 
1,042

 
(1,167
)
 

 

 
(125
)
Non-cash stock compensation
 

 

 

 

 
1,287

 

 

 
1,287

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
4,380

 
4,380

Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
(273
)
 

 
(273
)
Balance April 22, 2018
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,871

 
$
(201,443
)
 
$
210,828

 
$
(3,839
)
 
$
387,140

 
392,704

Exercise of options, issuance of restricted stock, shares exchanged for exercise and tax, and stock issued through employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
(22
)
 
961

 
(545
)
 

 

 
416

Non-cash stock compensation
 

 

 

 

 
1,069

 

 

 
1,069

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,874
)
 
(1,874
)
Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
(497
)
 

 
(497
)
Balance, July 15, 2018
 
17,851

 
$
18

 
4,849

 
$
(200,482
)
 
$
211,352

 
$
(4,336
)
 
$
385,266

 
$
391,818



See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,620

 
$
2,506

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
49,807

 
51,516

Gift card breakage
 
(4,320
)
 
(1,673
)
Unpaid other charges
 
15,964

 
14,537

Deferred income tax (benefit) provision
 
(21,526
)
 
(7,766
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
1,415

 
2,356

Other, net
 
560

 
709

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
12,132

 
14,070

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
3,459

 
13,744

Trade accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(7,388
)
 
(732
)
Unearned revenue
 
(11,343
)
 
(13,591
)
Other operating assets and liabilities, net
 
1,366

 
1,344

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
41,746

 
77,020

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property, equipment, and intangible assets
 
(21,168
)
 
(27,319
)
Proceeds from sales of real estate and property, plant, and equipment and other investing activities
 
178

 
115

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(20,990
)
 
(27,204
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Borrowings of long-term debt
 
162,000

 
160,500

Payments of long-term debt and finance leases
 
(174,464
)
 
(205,870
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(1,475
)
 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan
 
693

 
732

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(13,246
)
 
(44,638
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
 
115

 
(996
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
7,625

 
4,182

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
18,569

 
17,714

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
26,194

 
$
21,896

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 
 
 
Income taxes paid
 
$
2,742

 
$
991

Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized
 
$
5,482

 
$
5,411

Change in construction related payables
 
$
1,883

 
$
2,127

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


RED ROBIN GOURMET BURGERS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation and Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its subsidiaries (“Red Robin” or the “Company”), primarily develops, operates, and franchises full-service restaurants in North America. As of July 14, 2019, the Company owned and operated 472 restaurants located in 39 states and two Canadian provinces. The Company also had 90 franchised full-service restaurants in 16 states as of July 14, 2019. The Company operates its business as one operating and one reportable segment.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Red Robin and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company’s financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Red Robin have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements on Form 10-K have been condensed or omitted. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 30, 2018 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures required for audited annual financial statements. For further information, please refer to and read these interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2019.
The Company’s quarter that ended July 14, 2019 is referred to as second quarter 2019, or the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019; the first quarter ended April 21, 2019 is referred to as first quarter 2019; and together, the first and second quarters of 2019 are referred to as the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019. The Company’s quarter that ended July 15, 2018 is referred to as second quarter 2018, or the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018; the first quarter ended April 22, 2018 is referred to as first quarter 2018; and together, the first and second quarters of 2018 are referred to as the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018. The Company’s fiscal year 2019 comprises 52 weeks and will end on December 29, 2019.
Reclassifications
Certain amounts presented in prior periods have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation. For the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018, the Company reclassified unfavorable lease rights of $1.4 million from Deferred rent to Other non-current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Management believes this presentation better reflects the nature of these liabilities subsequent to the adoption of Topic 842, as defined below.


7


2. Revenue
Disaggregation of revenue
In the following table, revenue is disaggregated by type of good or service (in thousands):
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Restaurant revenue
 
$
302,418

 
$
310,392

 
$
702,902

 
$
725,094

Franchise revenue
 
4,389

 
4,006

 
9,752

 
9,449

Other revenue
 
$
1,174

 
$
990

 
$
5,193

 
$
2,364

Total revenues
 
$
307,981

 
$
315,388

 
$
717,847

 
$
736,907

Contract liabilities
Unearned gift card revenue at July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 was $29.4 million and $45.3 million. Deferred loyalty revenue, which was also included in Unearned revenue in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets, was $10.3 million and $10.0 million at July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018.
Revenue recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the redemption of gift cards that were included in the liability balance at the beginning of the fiscal year was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Gift card revenue
 
$
18,380

 
$
16,269


8


3. Leases
Adoption of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASU 2016-02
On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” along with related clarifications and improvements using the modified retrospective approach without application to prior periods. This guidance requires the recognition of liabilities for lease obligations and corresponding right-of-use assets on the balance sheet and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. We applied the practical expedients that do not require us to reassess existing contracts for embedded leases, to separate lease and non-lease components for our population of operating assets, or to reassess lease classification or initial direct costs.
The effect of the changes made to our consolidated December 31, 2018 balance sheet as a result of the adoption of Topic 842 was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Balance at December 30, 2018
 
Adjustments due to Topic 842
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Right of use assets, net
 
$

 
$
478,268

 
$
478,268

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
27,576

 
(6,592
)
 
20,984

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term portion of lease obligations
 
786

 
40,606

 
41,392

Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 

Deferred Rent
 
75,675

 
(75,675
)
 

Long-term portion of lease obligations
 
9,414

 
506,745

 
516,159

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
 
$
376,341

 
$
(15,172
)
 
$
361,169

This change did not have any impact on our consolidated statement of operations or consolidated statement of cash flows.
Leases
The Company leases land, buildings, and equipment used in its operations under operating and finance leases. Our leases generally have remaining terms of 1-15 years, most of which include options to extend the leases for additional 5-year periods. Generally, the lease term is the minimum of the non-cancelable period of the lease or the lease term inclusive of reasonably certain renewal periods up to a term of 20 years.
We determine if a contract contains a lease at inception. Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date. Operating lease liabilities represent the present value of lease payments not yet paid. Operating lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset and are based upon the operating lease liabilities adjusted for prepayments or accrued lease payments, initial direct costs, lease incentives, and impairment of operating lease assets. To determine the present value of lease payments not yet paid, we estimate incremental secured borrowing rates corresponding to the maturities of the leases. We estimate this rate based on comparable company and credit analysis, prevailing financial market conditions, comparable company and credit analysis, as well as management judgment.
Our leases typically contain rent escalations over the lease term. We recognize expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Additionally, tenant incentives used to fund leasehold improvements are recognized when earned and reduce our right-of-use asset related to the lease. These are amortized through the right-of-use asset as reductions of expense over the lease term.
Some of our leases include rent escalations based on inflation indexes and fair market value adjustments. Certain leases contain contingent rental provisions that include a fixed base rent plus an additional percentage of the restaurant’s sales in excess of stipulated amounts. Operating lease liabilities are calculated using the prevailing index or rate at lease commencement. Subsequent escalations in the index or rate and contingent rental payments are recognized as variable lease expenses. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

9


Leases are included in right-of-use assets, net, short-term portion of lease obligations, and long-term portion of lease liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 14, 2019 as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Finance
 
Operating
 
Total
Right of use assets, net
 
$
8,878

 
$
439,474

 
$
448,352

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term portion of lease obligations
 
931

 
41,205

 
42,136

Long-term portion of lease obligations
 
10,459

 
492,571

 
503,030

Total
 
$
11,390

 
$
533,776

 
$
545,166

We have elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all applicable classes of underlying assets. Short-term disclosures include only those leases with a term greater than one month and 12 months or less, and expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less, that do not include an option to purchase the underlying asset that we are reasonably certain to exercise, are not recorded on the balance sheet.
The components of lease expense, including variable lease costs primarily consisting of common area maintenance charges and real estate taxes, are included in occupancy on our condensed consolidated statement of operations as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 14, 2019
Operating lease cost
 
$
17,442

 
$
41,114

Finance lease cost
 
 
 
 
Amortization of right of use assets
 
193

 
441

Interest on lease liabilities
 
125

 
294

Total finance lease cost
 
318

 
735

Variable lease cost
 
6,647

 
15,532

Total
 
$
24,407

 
$
57,381

Maturities of our lease liabilities as of July 14, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):
 
Finance Leases
 
Operating Leases
 
Total
Remainder of 2019
$
626

 
$
32,754

 
$
33,380

2020
1,396

 
78,506

 
79,902

2021
1,437

 
77,773

 
79,210

2022
1,283

 
75,260

 
76,543

2023
1,220

 
72,931

 
74,151

Thereafter
8,828

 
469,432

 
478,260

Total future lease liability
14,790

 
806,656

 
821,446

Less imputed interest
3,400

 
272,880

 
276,280

Fair value of lease liability
$
11,390

 
$
533,776

 
$
545,166


10


As previously disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K and under the previous lease accounting guidance, maturities of lease liabilities were as follows as of December 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
Capital
Leases
 
Operating
Leases
2019
 
$
1,234

 
$
80,367

2020
 
1,242

 
76,936

2021
 
1,240

 
70,419

2022
 
1,063

 
61,649

2023
 
1,019

 
54,121

Thereafter
 
7,552

 
206,879

Total
 
13,350

 
$
550,371

Less amount representing interest
 
(3,150
)
 
 

Present value of future minimum lease payments
 
10,200

 
 

Less current portion
 
(786
)
 
 

Long-term capital lease obligations
 
$
9,414

 
 

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases is as follows:
 
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities (in thousands):
 
$
40,129

Right of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations following the adoption of Topic 842 (in thousands):
 
$
7,022

Right of use assets obtained in exchange for finance lease obligations following the adoption of Topic 842 (in thousands):
 
$
1,669

 
 
 
Other information related to operating leases as follows:
 
 
Weighted average remaining lease term
 
11 years

Weighted average discount rate
 
7.35
%
 
 
 
Other information related to financing leases as follows:
 
 
Weighted average remaining lease term
 
12 years

Weighted average discount rate
 
4.74
%

4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The following table presents goodwill as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 (in thousands):
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
$
95,838

Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
615

Balance, July 14, 2019
 
$
96,453

The Company recorded no goodwill impairment losses in the period presented in the table above or any prior periods.

11


The following table presents intangible assets as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
December 30, 2018
 
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise rights
 
$
53,736

 
$
(34,580
)
 
$
19,156

 
$
54,404

 
$
(33,160
)
 
$
21,244

Favorable leases
 
13,001

 
(8,490
)
 
4,511

 
13,001

 
(8,136
)
 
4,865

Liquor licenses and other
 
10,730

 
(9,786
)
 
944

 
10,810

 
(9,770
)
 
1,040

 
 
$
77,467

 
$
(52,856
)
 
$
24,611

 
$
78,215

 
$
(51,066
)
 
$
27,149

Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liquor licenses and other
 
$
7,460

 
$

 
$
7,460

 
$
7,460

 
$

 
$
7,460

Intangible assets, net
 
$
84,927

 
$
(52,856
)
 
$
32,071

 
$
85,675

 
$
(51,066
)
 
$
34,609

5. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share amounts are calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share amounts are calculated based upon the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potentially dilutive shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the computation in periods in which they have an anti-dilutive effect. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if holders of options exercised their options into common stock.
The Company uses the treasury stock method to calculate the effect of outstanding stock options. Basic weighted average shares outstanding is reconciled to diluted weighted average shares outstanding as follows (in thousands):
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
12,970

 
12,982

 
12,969

 
12,979

Dilutive effect of stock options and awards
73

 

 
78

 
101

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
13,043

 
12,982

 
13,047

 
13,080

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Awards excluded due to anti-dilutive effect on diluted earnings per share
378

 
344

 
457

 
298


12


6. Other Charges
Other charges consist of the following (in thousands):
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Asset impairment
 
$
14,064

 
$
9,643

 
$
14,064

 
$
9,643

Executive transition and severance
 
370

 

 
2,364

 

Restaurant closure costs
 
1,001

 

 
1,305

 

Board and shareholder matter costs
 
1,152

 

 
1,152

 

Litigation contingencies
 

 

 

 
4,000

Reorganization costs
 

 
466

 

 
2,753

Spiral menu disposal
 

 
506

 

 
506

Executive retention
 
260

 

 
360

 

Other charges
 
$
16,847

 
$
10,615

 
$
19,245

 
$
16,902

In second quarter 2019, the Company determined 29 Company-owned restaurants were impaired and recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $14.1 million. In second quarter 2018, the Company determined eight Company-owned restaurants were impaired and recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $9.6 million. The Company recognized the impairment charges resulting from the continuing and projected future results of these restaurants, primarily through projected cash flows.
7. Borrowings
Long-term debt as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 was $181.4 million and $193.4 million.
On June 30, 2016, the Company entered into a credit facility (the “Credit Facility”), which provides for a $400 million revolving line of credit with a sublimit for the issuance of up to $25 million in letters of credit and swingline loans up to $15 million. On August 19, 2019, the Company entered into a second amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Credit Facility. The Amendment increases the lease adjusted leverage ratio to 5.0x through December 29, 2019 before returning to 4.75x thereafter. In addition, the Amendment revises the definition of permitted acquisitions under the Credit Facility to correspond with the change to the lease adjusted leverage ratio and clarifies the classification of existing capital and operating leases. A copy of the Amendment is filed as Exhibit 10.2 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
The Company’s lease adjusted leverage ratio was 4.30x as of July 14, 2019. The lease adjusted leverage ratio is defined in Section 1.1 of the Company’s credit facility, which is filed as Exhibit 10.32 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 21, 2017.
The Credit Facility matures on June 30, 2021. As of July 14, 2019, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility of $180.5 million, in addition to amounts issued under letters of credit of $7.4 million, which reduced the amount available under the facility but were not recorded as debt. As of December 30, 2018, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility of $192.5 million, in addition to amounts issued under letters of credit of $7.8 million.
Loan origination costs associated with the Credit Facility are included as deferred costs in Other assets, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Unamortized debt issuance costs were $1.3 million and $1.7 million as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018.

13


8. Fair Value Measurements
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The carrying amounts of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximate fair value due to the short term nature or maturity of the instruments.
The following tables present the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in rabbi trust
 
$
6,808

 
$
6,808

 
$

 
$

Total assets measured at fair value
 
$
6,808

 
$
6,808

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in rabbi trust
 
$
8,198

 
$
8,198

 
$

 
$

Total assets measured at fair value
 
$
8,198

 
$
8,198

 
$

 
$

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Assets and liabilities recognized or disclosed at fair value on the consolidated financial statements on a nonrecurring basis include items such as property, plant and equipment, goodwill, and other intangible assets. These assets are measured at fair value if determined to be impaired.
As of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018, the Company measured non-financial assets for impairment using continuing and projected future cash flows, as discussed in Note 6, Other Charges, which were based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represented a level 3 fair value measurement.
Disclosures of Fair Value of Other Assets and Liabilities
The Company’s liabilities under its Credit Facility and finance leases are carried at historical cost in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Both the Credit Facility and the Company’s finance lease obligations are measured using level 2 inputs. The carrying value of the Credit Facility approximates fair value as the interest rate on this instrument approximates current market rates. For disclosure purposes, the Company estimated the fair value of the finance lease obligations using discounted cash flow analysis based on market rates obtained from independent third parties for similar types of debt.
The following table presents the carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company’s finance lease obligations as of July 14, 2019 and December 30, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
December 30, 2018
 
 
Carrying Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
Finance lease obligations
 
$
11,405

 
$
10,977

 
$
10,200

 
$
10,143

9. Commitments and Contingencies
In the normal course of business, there are various claims in process, matters in litigation, and other contingencies. These include employment-related claims and claims alleging illness, injury, or other food quality, health, or operational issues. Evaluating contingencies related to litigation is a complex process involving subjective judgment on the potential outcome of future events, and the ultimate resolution of litigated claims may differ from our current analysis. We review the adequacy of accruals and disclosures pertaining to litigation matters each quarter in consultation with legal counsel, and we assess the probability and range of possible losses associated with contingencies for potential accrual in the consolidated financial statements. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of these claims with certainty, management is of the opinion that adequate provision for potential losses associated with these matters has been made in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
During the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018, the Company recorded $4.0 million of litigation contingencies for employment-related claims.

14


ITEM 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations provides a narrative of our financial performance and condition that should be read in conjunction with the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. All comparisons under this heading between 2019 and 2018 refer to the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ending July 14, 2019 and July 15, 2018, unless otherwise indicated.
Overview
Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its subsidiaries (“Red Robin,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company”), primarily develops, operates, and franchises full-service restaurants with 562 locations in North America. As of July 14, 2019, the Company operated 472 Company-owned restaurants located in 39 states and two Canadian provinces. The Company also had 90 franchised full-service restaurants in 16 states as of July 14, 2019. The Company operates its business as one operating and one reportable segment.
The following summarizes the operational and financial highlights during the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019:
Financial performance.
Restaurant revenue decreased $8.0 million, or 2.6%, to $302.4 million for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, as compared to the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018, due to a $4.4 million, or 1.5%, decrease in comparable restaurant revenue, and a $4.2 million decrease from closed restaurants, partially offset by a $0.6 million increase in revenue from late 2018 new restaurant openings. Restaurant revenue decreased $22.2 million, or 3.1%, to $702.9 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019, as compared to the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018, due to a $16.8 million, or 2.4%, decrease in comparable restaurant revenue, a $7.1 million decrease from closed restaurants, and a $0.9 million unfavorable foreign currency exchange impact partially offset by a $2.6 million increase in revenue from late 2018 new restaurant openings.
Restaurant operating costs, as a percentage of restaurant revenue, increased 110 basis points to 81.8% for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, as compared to 80.7% for the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018. For the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019, restaurant operating costs, as a percentage of restaurant revenue increased 140 basis points to 81.7%, as compared to 80.3% for the same period in 2018. The increase was due to higher labor and other operating costs, offset by a decrease in food and beverage costs as a percentage of restaurant revenue.
Net income was $1.0 million for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to a net loss of $1.9 million for the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018. Diluted earnings per share were $0.08 for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, as compared to diluted loss per share of $0.14 for the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018. Excluding charges of $0.80 for impairment expenses, $0.07 for board and shareholder matter costs, $0.05 for restaurant closure costs, $0.02 for executive transition and severance, and $0.01 for executive retention, adjusted earnings per diluted share for the second quarter ended July 14, 2019 were $1.03. Excluding charges of $0.54 for asset impairment, $0.03 for spiral menu disposal, and $0.03 for reorganization costs, adjusted earnings per diluted share for the second quarter ended July 15, 2018 were $0.46. Net income was $1.6 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to net income of $2.5 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018. Diluted earnings per share were $0.12 for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, as compared to diluted earnings per share of $0.19 for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018. Excluding the impact of $0.80 per diluted share for impairment expenses, $0.13 for executive transition and severance, $0.08 for restaurant closure costs, $0.07 for board and shareholder matter costs, and $0.02 for executive retention, net income per diluted share for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 was $1.22. Excluding the impact of $0.54 per diluted share for asset impairment, $0.23 per diluted share for litigation contingencies, $0.16 per diluted share for reorganization costs, and $0.03 per diluted share for the disposal of spiral menus, net income per diluted share for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018 was $1.15.
Marketing. Our Red Robin Royalty™ loyalty program operates in all our U.S. and Canadian Company-owned Red Robin restaurants and has been rolled out to most of our franchised restaurants. We engage our guests through Red Robin Royalty with offers designed to increase frequency of visits as a key part of our overall marketing strategy. We also inform enrolled guests early about new menu items to generate awareness and trial of these offerings. Our media buying approach is concentrated on generating significant reach and frequency while on-air. In addition, we use digital, social, and earned media to target and more effectively reach specific segments of our guest base.

15


Restaurant Data
The following table details restaurant unit data for our Company-owned and franchised locations for the periods indicated:
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Company-owned:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
 
483

 
484

 
484

 
480

Opened during the period
 

 
2

 

 
6

Closed during the period(1)
 
(11
)
 
(2
)
 
(12
)
 
(2
)
End of period
 
472

 
484

 
472

 
484

Franchised:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
 
89

 
87

 
89

 
86

Opened during the period
 
1

 
1

 
1

 
2

End of period
 
90

 
88

 
90

 
88

Total number of restaurants
 
562

 
572

 
562

 
572

_________________________________________________________
(1) Restaurants closed during the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 include the permanent closure of ten restaurants and the temporary closure of one restaurant. Restaurants closed during the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 include the permanent closure of eleven restaurants, and the temporary closure of one restaurant. Restaurants closed in the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 15, 2018 consisted entirely of permanently closed restaurants.


16


Results of Operations
Operating results for each fiscal period presented below are expressed as a percentage of total revenues, except for the components of restaurant operating costs, which are expressed as a percentage of restaurant revenue.
This information has been prepared on a basis consistent with our audited 2018 annual financial statements, with the exception of changes made due to the adoption of Topic 842, and, in the opinion of management, includes all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the information for the periods presented. Our operating results may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, and operating results for any period presented are not necessarily indicative of results for a full fiscal year.
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
 
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurant revenue
 
98.2
 %
 
98.4
 %
 
97.9
 %
 
98.4
 %
Franchise royalties, fees, and other revenues
 
1.8

 
1.6

 
2.1

 
1.6

Total revenues
 
100.0

 
100.0

 
100.0

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 
23.9

 
24.1

 
23.6

 
23.9

Labor
 
35.2

 
34.3

 
35.5

 
34.4

Other operating
 
14.2

 
13.7

 
14.0

 
13.5

Occupancy
 
8.4

 
8.5

 
8.6

 
8.5

Total restaurant operating costs
 
81.8

 
80.7

 
81.7

 
80.3

Depreciation and amortization
 
6.9

 
7.1

 
6.9

 
7.0

Selling, general, and administrative
 
11.4

 
11.3

 
11.6

 
11.1

Pre-opening costs
 

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

Other charges
 
5.5

 
3.4

 
2.7

 
2.3

Income from operations
 
(4.2
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(1.3
)
 
0.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net and other
 
0.7

 
0.8

 
0.8

 
0.8

Income before income taxes
 
(4.9
)
 
(2.1
)
 
(2.1
)
 
(0.4
)
Income tax benefit
 
(5.2
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(2.3
)
 
(0.7
)
Net income
 
0.3
 %
 
(0.6
)%
 
0.2
 %
 
0.3
 %
___________________________________
Certain percentage amounts in the table above do not total due to rounding as well as restaurant operating costs being expressed as a percentage of restaurant revenue and not total revenues.

17


Revenues
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
(Revenues in thousands)
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
Restaurant revenue
 
$
302,418

 
$
310,392

 
(2.6
)%
 
$
702,902

 
$
725,094

 
(3.1
)%
Franchise and other revenue
 
5,563

 
4,996

 
11.3
 %
 
14,945

 
11,813

 
26.5
 %
Total revenues
 
$
307,981

 
$
315,388

 
(2.3
)%
 
$
717,847

 
$
736,907

 
(2.6
)%
Average weekly sales volumes in Company-owned restaurants(1)
 
$
52,907

 
$
53,266

 
(0.7
)%
 
$
52,272

 
$
53,470

 
(2.2
)%
Total operating weeks
 
5,716

 
5,827

 
(1.9
)%
 
13,447

 
13,544

 
(0.7
)%
Restaurant revenue per square foot
 
$
102

 
$
104

 
(1.9
)%
 
$
236

 
$
243

 
(2.9
)%
_________________________________________________________
(1)
Calculated using constant currency rates. Using historical currency rates, the average weekly sales per unit for the twelve and twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018 for Company-owned restaurants was $53,268 and $53,536, respectively. The Company calculates non-GAAP constant currency average weekly sales per unit by translating prior year local currency average weekly sales per unit to U.S. dollars based on current quarter average exchange rates. The Company considers non-GAAP constant currency average weekly sales per unit to be a useful metric to investors and management as they facilitate a more useful comparison of current performance to historical performance.
Restaurant revenue for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, which comprises primarily food and beverage sales, decreased $8.0 million, or 2.6%, as compared to second quarter 2018. The decrease was due to a $4.4 million, or 1.5%, decrease in comparable restaurant revenue and a $4.2 million decrease from closed restaurants, partially offset by a $0.6 million increase in revenue from late 2018 new restaurant openings. The comparable restaurant revenue decrease was driven by a 6.4% decrease in guest counts offset by a 4.9% increase in average guest check. The increase in average guest check resulted from a 2.6% increase in pricing and a 2.3% increase in menu mix. The increase in menu mix was primarily driven by our current menu and promotional strategy, resulting in lower Tavern burger sales and higher Finest burger and entrée sales.
Restaurant revenue for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019, decreased $22.2 million or 3.1%, as compared to the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018. The decrease was due to a $16.8 million, or 2.4%, decrease in comparable restaurant revenue, a $7.1 million decrease from closed restaurants, and a $0.9 million unfavorable foreign currency exchange impact partially offset by $2.6 million increase in revenue from late 2018 new restaurant openings. The comparable restaurant revenue decrease was driven by a 5.9% decrease in guest counts offset by a 3.5% increase in average guest check. The increase in average guest check resulted from a 2.2% increase in pricing and a 1.3% increase in menu mix. The increase in menu mix was primarily driven by our current menu and promotional strategy, resulting in lower Tavern burger sales and higher Finest burger and entrée sales.
We are focusing on opportunities to improve our service execution, which we believe will drive increased guest counts and comparable restaurant revenue.
Average weekly sales volumes represent the total restaurant revenue for all Company-owned Red Robin restaurants for each time period presented, divided by the number of operating weeks in the period. Comparable restaurant revenues include those restaurants that are in the comparable base at the end of each period presented. New restaurants are restaurants that are open but not included in the comparable category because they have not operated for five full quarters. Fluctuations in average weekly net sales volumes for Company-owned restaurants reflect the effect of comparable restaurant revenue changes as well as the performance of new and acquired restaurants during the period and the average square footage of our restaurants.
Franchise and other revenue increased $0.6 million for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018 and increased $3.1 million for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to the twenty-eight weeks ended July 15, 2018, primarily due to an increase in gift card breakage. Our franchisees reported a comparable restaurant revenue decrease of 2.8% for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to the twelve weeks ended July 15, 2018 and a decrease of 2.2% for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 compared to the twenty eight weeks ended July 15, 2018.

18


Cost of Sales
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
Cost of sales
 
$
72,387

 
$
74,874

 
(3.3
)%
 
$
166,102

 
$
173,389

 
(4.2
)%
As a percent of restaurant revenue
 
23.9
%
 
24.1
%
 
(0.2
)%
 
23.6
%
 
23.9
%
 
(0.3
)%
Cost of sales, which comprises food and beverage costs, is variable and generally fluctuates with sales volume. Cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant revenue decreased 20 basis points for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018, and decreased 30 basis points for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. The decrease was mainly driven by reduction in waste and lower Tavern mix.
Labor
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
Labor
 
$
106,538

 
$
106,476

 
0.1
%
 
$
249,432

 
$
249,491

 
 %
As a percent of restaurant revenue
 
35.2
%
 
34.3
%
 
0.9
%
 
35.5
%
 
34.4
%
 
1.1
 %
Labor costs include restaurant-level hourly wages and management salaries as well as related taxes and benefits. For the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019, labor as a percentage of restaurant revenue increased 90 basis points compared to the same period in 2018. The increase was primarily driven by sales deleverage.
For the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019, labor as a percentage of restaurant revenue increased 110 basis points compared to the same period in 2018. The increase was primarily driven by increases in minimum wage rates in certain jurisdictions, increased management headcount to allow our restaurants to become fully staffed in support of our focus on operational execution, and sales deleverage.
Other Operating
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
Other operating
 
$
43,000

 
$
42,668

 
0.8
%
 
$
98,565

 
$
97,693

 
0.9
%
As a percent of restaurant revenue
 
14.2
%
 
13.7
%
 
0.5
%
 
14.0
%
 
13.5
%
 
0.5
%
Other operating costs include costs such as equipment repairs and maintenance costs, restaurant supplies, utilities, restaurant technology, and other miscellaneous costs. For the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 14, 2019, Other operating costs as a percentage of restaurant revenue increased 50 basis points as compared to the same periods in 2018. The increase was primarily due to higher costs of third-party delivery fees, partially offset by a decrease in restaurant supplies.
Occupancy
 
 
Twelve Weeks Ended
 
Twenty-Eight Weeks Ended
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
 
July 14, 2019
 
July 15, 2018
 
Percent Change
Occupancy
 
$
25,458

 
$
26,460

 
(3.8
)%
 
$
60,478

 
$
61,470

 
(1.6
)%
As a percent of restaurant revenue
 
8.4
%
 
8.5
%
 
(0.1
)%
 
8.6
%
 
8.5
%
 
0.1
 %
Occupancy costs include fixed rents, property taxes, common area maintenance charges, general liability insurance, contingent rents, and other property costs. Occupancy costs incurred prior to opening our new restaurants are included in pre-opening costs. For the twelve and twenty-eight week periods ended July 14, 2019, occupancy costs as a percentage of restaurant revenue remained flat over the same periods in 2018. Our fixed rents for the twelve weeks ended July 14, 2019 and July 15, 2018 were $17.0 million and $17.7 million, a decrease of $0.7 million due to 10 net locations permanently closed during the period. Our fixed rents for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 14, 2019 and July 15, 2018 were $40.2 million and $41.2 million, a decrease of $1.0 million due to 11 net locations permanently closed during the period.


19


Depreciation and Amortization