10-Q 1 rsi-20220331.htm 10-Q rsi-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from_______to_______
Commission file number: 001-39232
Rush Street Interactive, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware84-3626708
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
900 N. Michigan Avenue, Suite 950
Chicago, Illinois 60611
(312) 915-2815
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per shareRSIThe New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer¨Accelerated filerx
Non-accelerated filer¨Smaller reporting company¨
Emerging growth companyx
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
As of May 4, 2022, there were 63,947,832 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 155,893,584 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Class V common stock, $0.0001 per value per share.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Rush Street Interactive, Inc.


Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. The forward-looking statements depend upon events, risks and uncertainties that may be outside of our control. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “would” and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. You are cautioned that our business and operations are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and, consequently, our actual results may differ materially from those projected.
Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified below and those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this Report. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements.
competition in the online casino, online sports betting and retail sports betting (i.e., such as within a bricks-and-mortar casino) industries is intense and, as a result, we may fail to attract and retain customers, which may negatively impact our operations, growth prospects and financial condition;
economic downturns and political and market conditions beyond our control, including a reduction in consumer discretionary spending and sports leagues shortening, delaying or cancelling parts of their seasons or certain events due to COVID-19, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects;
our growth prospects may suffer if we are unable to develop successful offerings, if we fail to pursue additional offerings or if we lose any of our executives or other key employees;
our business is subject to a variety of U.S. and foreign laws (including the laws of Colombia and Canada, where we have business operations), many of which are unsettled and still developing, and our growth prospects depend on the legal status of real-money gaming in various jurisdictions;
failure to comply with regulatory requirements or to successfully obtain a license or permit applied for could adversely impact our ability to comply with licensing and regulatory requirements or to obtain or maintain licenses in other jurisdictions, or could cause financial institutions, online platforms and distributors to stop providing services to us;
we rely on information technology and other systems and platforms (including reliance on third-party providers to validate the identity and location of our customers and to process customer deposits and withdrawals), and any breach or disruption of such information technology could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, disclosed, lost, corrupted or stolen;
our officers and directors allocating their time to other businesses and potentially having conflicts of interest with our business;
our projections, including for revenues, market share, expenses and profitability, are subject to significant risks, assumptions, estimates and uncertainties;
the requirements of being a public company, including compliance with the SEC’s requirements regarding internal controls over financial reporting, may strain our resources and divert management’s attention, and the increases in legal, accounting and compliance expenses that may continue to arise as a result of us being a publicly listed company may be greater than we anticipate;
we license certain trademarks and domain names to Rush Street Gaming, LLC (“RSG”) and its affiliates, and RSG’s and its affiliates’ use of such trademarks and domain names, or failure to protect or enforce our intellectual property rights, could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects; and
we currently and will likely continue to rely on licenses and service agreements to use the intellectual property rights and technology of related or third parties that are incorporated into or used in our products and services.
i

Due to the uncertain nature of these factors, management cannot assess the impact of each factor on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any of these statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Report. New factors may emerge, and it is not possible to predict all factors that may affect our business and prospects.
Limitations of Key Metrics and Other Data
Our key metrics, which include monthly active users (“MAUs”) and average revenue per MAU (“ARPMAU”), are calculated using internal company data and numbers based on the activity of our users’ accounts. While these data and numbers are based on what we believe to be reasonable estimates of our user base and activity levels for the applicable period of measurement, there are inherent challenges in measuring usage of our offerings across large online and mobile populations based in numerous jurisdictions. In addition, we continuously seek to improve our estimates of our user base and user activity, and such estimates may change due to improvements or changes in our methodology.
We regularly evaluate these metrics to estimate the number of “duplicate” accounts among our MAUs and remove the effects of such duplicate accounts on our key metrics. A duplicate account is one that a user maintains in addition to his or her principal account. Generally, duplicate accounts arise as a result of users signing up to use more than one of our brands (i.e., BetRivers, PlaySugarHouse and RushBet) or to use our offerings in more than one jurisdiction, for instance when a user lives in New Jersey but works in New York. Our estimates of duplicate accounts are based on an internal review of a limited sample of accounts, and we apply significant judgment in making this determination. For example, to identify duplicate accounts we use data signals such as similar IP addresses or usernames. Our estimates may change as our methodologies evolve, including through the application of new data signals or technologies, which may allow us to identify previously undetected duplicate accounts and may improve our ability to evaluate a broader population of our users. Duplicate accounts are very difficult to measure, and it is possible that the actual number of duplicate accounts may vary significantly from our estimates.
Our data limitations may affect our understanding of certain details of our business. We regularly review our processes for calculating these metrics, and from time to time we may discover inaccuracies in our metrics or make adjustments to improve their accuracy, including adjustments that may result in the recalculation of our historical metrics. We believe that any such inaccuracies or adjustments are immaterial unless otherwise stated. In addition, our key metrics and related information and estimates, including the definitions and calculations of the same, may differ from those published by third parties or from similarly titled metrics of our competitors due to differences in operations, offerings, methodology and access to information.
The data and numbers used to calculate MAUs and ARPMAU discussed in this Report only include U.S.-based users of our online real-money offerings unless stated otherwise.
ii

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands except for share and per share amounts)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$232,248 $281,030 
Restricted cash28,761 19,299 
Players’ receivables7,264 5,829 
Due from affiliates30,757 28,159 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets9,924 7,433 
Total current assets308,954 341,750 
Intangible assets, net53,522 53,380 
Property and equipment, net8,186 7,232 
Operating lease right-of-use asset, net1,400 1,562 
Other assets4,630 4,807 
Total assets$376,692 $408,731 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$1,257 $6,501 
Accrued expenses57,897 48,287 
Players’ liabilities33,616 24,160 
Deferred royalty, short-term1,468 1,415 
Operating lease liabilities, short-term522 509 
Other current liabilities4,534 3,062 
Total current liabilities99,294 83,934 
Deferred royalty, long-term15,257 15,633 
Operating lease liabilities, long-term970 1,148 
Other long-term liabilities289 315 
Total liabilities115,810 101,030 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value, 750,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021; 63,927,151 and 61,118,406 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
6 6 
Class V common stock, $0.0001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021; 155,893,584 and 158,702,329 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
16 16 
Additional paid-in capital171,873 167,270 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(57)(475)
Accumulated deficit(96,078)(81,381)
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit) attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc.75,760 85,436 
Non-controlling interests185,122 222,265 
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)260,882 307,701 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)$376,692 $408,731 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-1

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Amounts in thousands except for share and per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Revenue$134,938 $111,820 
Operating costs and expenses
Costs of revenue99,858 79,687 
Advertising and promotions66,849 42,216 
General administration and other15,540 16,564 
Depreciation and amortization2,737 674 
Total operating costs and expenses184,984 139,141 
Loss from operations(50,046)(27,321)
Other income (expenses)
Interest expense, net(222)(13)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities 41,802 
Change in fair value of earnout interests liability (13,740)
Total other income (expenses)(222)28,049 
Income (loss) before income taxes(50,268)728 
Income tax expense2,002 804 
Net loss$(52,270)$(76)
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests(37,573)(59)
Net loss attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc.$(14,697)$(17)
Net loss per common share attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc. – basic$(0.24)$0.00 
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic61,800,359 46,955,262 
Net loss per common share attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc. – diluted$(0.24)$(0.18)
Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted61,800,359 53,415,488 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Net loss$(52,270)$(76)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Foreign currency translation adjustment1,514 (624)
Comprehensive loss$(50,756)$(700)
Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests(36,485)(540)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc.$(14,271)$(160)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-2

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(Amounts in thousands except for share amounts)
Class A
Common Stock
Class V
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
(Deficit)
Attributable
To RSI
Non-
Controlling
Interests
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
(Deficit)
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2021
61,118,406 $6 158,702,329 $16 $167,270 $(475)$(81,381)$85,436 $222,265 $307,701 
Share-based compensation— — — — 1,145 — — 1,145 2,792 3,937 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — 426 — 426 1,088 1,514 
Issuance of Class A Common Stock upon RSILP Unit Exchanges
2,808,745 — (2,808,745)— — — — — — — 
Net loss— — — — — — (14,697)(14,697)(37,573)(52,270)
Allocation of equity and non-controlling interests upon changes in RSILP ownership— — — — 3,458 (8)— 3,450 (3,450) 
Balance at March 31, 2022 (Unaudited)
63,927,151 $6 155,893,584 $16 $171,873 $(57)$(96,078)$75,760 $185,122 $260,882 
Class A
Common Stock
Class V
Common Stock
Treasury StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
(Deficit)
Attributable
To RSI
Non-
Controlling
Interests
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
(Deficit)
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2020
44,792,517 $4 160,000,000 $16 $ $ $ $93 $(61,892)$(61,779)$(205,550)$(267,329)
Share-based compensation571,239 — — — — — 2,557 — — 2,557 9,019 11,576 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — — — (143)— (143)(481)(624)
Issuance of Class A Common Stock upon exercise of Warrants14,014,197 2 — — — — 70,144 — — 70,146 189,749 259,895 
Repurchase of Class A Common Stock— — — — 218,589 (850)— — — (850)(2,615)(3,465)
Settlement of earnout interests liability— — — — — — 79,779 — — 79,779 285,009 364,788 
Net loss— — — — — — — — (17)(17)(59)(76)
Allocation of equity and non-controlling interests upon changes in RSILP ownership— — — — — — 8,757 — — 8,757 (8,757) 
Balance at March 31, 2021 (Unaudited)
59,377,953 $6 160,000,000 $16 218,589 $(850)$161,237 $(50)$(61,909)$98,450 $266,315 $364,765 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-3

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(52,270)$(76)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities
Share-based compensation expense3,937 11,576 
Depreciation and amortization expense2,737 674 
Deferred income taxes44 (317)
Noncash lease expense162 67 
Change in fair value of earnout interests liability 13,740 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities (41,802)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Players’ receivables(1,435)(2,610)
Due from affiliates(2,598)(1,223)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(2,491)(3,402)
Other assets133 (298)
Accounts payable(5,275)(5,688)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities11,078 11,846 
Players’ liabilities9,456 6,368 
Deferred royalty(323)(20)
Lease liabilities(162)(67)
Net cash used in operating activities(37,007)(11,232)
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(1,045)(447)
Acquisition of gaming licenses(927)(1,450)
Cash paid for internally developed software costs(1,400)(909)
Investment in long-term time deposits (250)
Net cash used in investing activities(3,372)(3,056)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from shares issued for warrants 131,447 
Repurchase of common stock (3,465)
Principal payments of finance lease liabilities(432) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(432)127,982 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash1,491 (616)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(39,320)113,078 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at the beginning of the period (1)
300,329 262,065 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at the end of the period (1)
$261,009 $375,143 
Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new or modified operating lease liabilities$410 $ 
Non-cash redemption of Private Placement and Working Capital Warrants$ $50,798 
Non-cash settlement of Public Warrants$ $77,650 
Non-cash settlement of Earnout Interests Liability$ $364,788 
Allocation of equity and non-controlling interests upon changes in RSILP ownership$3,450 $8,757 
Increase in accounts payable for property and equipment purchases$31 $ 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for income taxes$559 $252 
Cash paid for interest$241 $28 
_____________________________________
(1)Cash and cash equivalents and Restricted cash are each presented separately on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-4

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1.Description of Business
Rush Street Interactive, Inc. is a holding company organized under the laws of the State of Delaware and, through its main operating subsidiary, Rush Street Interactive, LP and its subsidiaries (collectively, “RSILP”), is a leading online gaming company that provides online casino and sports betting in the U.S., Canadian and Latin American markets. Rush Street Interactive, Inc. and its subsidiaries (including RSILP) are collectively referred to as “RSI” or the “Company.” The Company is headquartered in Chicago, IL.
On December 29, 2020, in connection with the closing (the “Closing”) and the transactions as described in the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July 27, 2020, among RSILP, the sellers set forth on the signature pages thereto (collectively, the “Sellers” and each, a “Seller”), dMY Sponsor, LLC (the “Sponsor”) and Rush Street Interactive GP, LLC (as amended and/or restated from time to time, the “Business Combination Agreement” and the transactions contemplated thereby, the “Business Combination”), the Company was reorganized into an umbrella partnership-C corporation, or UP-C, structure, in which substantially all of the combined company’s assets are held by RSILP and the Company’s primary assets are its equity interests in RSILP (which are held indirectly through wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company – RSI ASLP, Inc. (the “Special Limited Partner”) and RSI GP, LLC (“RSI GP”), which is the general partner of RSILP). As of the Closing, the Company owned, indirectly through the Special Limited Partner, approximately 23.1% of the Class A Common Units of RSILP (“RSILP Units”) and controlled RSILP through RSI GP, and the Sellers owned approximately 76.9% of the RSILP Units and controlled the Company through their ownership of the Company’s Class V Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class V Common Stock”). Upon consummation of the Business Combination, dMY Technology Group, Inc. (“dMY”) changed its name to “Rush Street Interactive, Inc.” As of March 31, 2022, the Company and the Sellers owned approximately 29.08% and 70.92% of the RSILP Units, respectively.
Impact of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted global commercial activity, disrupted supply chains and contributed to significant volatility in financial markets. Starting in 2020 and continuing through the date hereof, the COVID-19 pandemic continued to adversely impact many different industries. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic could have a continued material adverse impact on economic and market conditions and trigger a period of global economic slowdown. The rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as to the extent and the duration of the impact of COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic therefore presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to the Company and its performance and could affect its financial results in a materially adverse way.
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted RSI. The direct impact to the business, beyond disruptions in normal business operations, is primarily through the change in consumer habits as a result of people being ordered or requested to stay at home and restrict their traveling or otherwise voluntarily choosing to stay home or restrict travel. During the periods affected by government imposed stay-at-home orders, the Company’s business volume significantly increased and has since continued to remain strong as many of these orders were lifted. COVID-19 has also directly impacted sports betting due to the rescheduling, reconfiguring, suspension, postponement and cancellation of major sports seasons and sporting events or exclusion of certain players or teams from sporting events. Beginning in early 2020 and continuing into the third quarter of 2020, many sports seasons and sporting events, including the NBA regular season and playoffs, the NCAA college basketball tournament, the MLB regular season, the Masters golf tournament, the NHL regular season and playoffs and domestic soccer leagues and European cup competitions, were suspended, postponed, modified or cancelled. While most major professional sports leagues have since resumed their activities primarily starting in the second half of 2020, sporting events were still being impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic during the first quarter of 2022. For example, players are or were being excluded from certain games or events due to local COVID-19 vaccine requirements, COVID-19 or COVID-19 protocols. However, the Company has observed a trend where such local COVID-19 vaccine requirements and/or COVID-19 protocols are being eased or lifted. Sports seasons, events and calendars could be further suspended, cancelled or rescheduled due to additional COVID-19 outbreaks.

The alteration of sports seasons and sporting events, including the postponement or cancellation of events, throughout fiscal year 2021 reduced the Company’s customers’ use of, and spending on, the Company’s sports betting offerings and from time to time caused us to issue refunds for canceled events. Additionally, any ongoing or future closures of bricks-and-mortar casinos and limitations on visitations to such casinos due to COVID-19 may provide additional opportunities for us to market online casino and sports betting to traditional bricks-and-mortar casino patrons.
The Company’s revenues vary based on sports seasons and sporting events, among other factors, and cancellations, suspensions or alterations resulting from COVID-19 have the potential to adversely affect the Company’s revenue,
F-5

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
possibly materially. However, the Company’s online casino offerings do not rely on sports seasons and sporting events, thus, they may partially offset this adverse impact on revenue.
The ultimate impact of COVID-19 and the related restrictions on consumer behavior is currently unknown. A significant or prolonged decrease in consumer spending on entertainment or leisure activities would likely have an adverse effect on demand for RSI offerings, reducing cash flows and revenues, thus materially harming the business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, a significant uptick in COVID-19 cases or an emergence of additional variants or strains could cause other widespread or more severe impacts depending on where infection rates are highest. As steps taken to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 have necessitated a shift away from a traditional office environment for many employees, the Company has implemented business continuity programs to help ensure that employees were safe and that the business continues to function with minimal disruptions to normal work operations while employees work remotely. The Company will continue to monitor developments relating to disruptions and uncertainties caused by COVID-19.
2.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) and the applicable regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Therefore, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the SEC on March 7, 2022.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its directly and indirectly wholly owned subsidiaries, and all entities in which the Company has a controlling interest. RSI is deemed to have a controlling interest of RSILP through its wholly owned subsidiary RSI GP, which is the sole general partner of RSILP. For consolidated entities that are less than wholly owned, third party holdings of equity interests are presented as Non-controlling interests in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets and condensed consolidated statements of equity (deficit). The portion of net earnings attributable to the non-controlling interests is presented as Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, the Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with U.S. GAAP (the “Reverse Recapitalization”). Under this method of accounting, dMY was treated as the acquired company and RSILP was treated as the acquirer for financial statement reporting purposes.
Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Reverse Recapitalization was treated as the equivalent of RSILP issuing equity for the net assets of dMY, accompanied by a recapitalization.
RSILP was determined to be the accounting acquirer based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:
RSILP’s existing partners, through their ownership of the Class V Common Stock, had the largest portion of the voting rights in the Company;
The Company’s Board of Directors and management were primarily composed of individuals associated with RSILP; and
RSILP was the larger entity based on historical operating activity and had the larger employee base.
Reclassifications
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications had no impact on the Company’s reported total revenues, expenses, net loss, current assets, total assets, current liabilities,
F-6

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
total liabilities, stockholders’ equity (deficit), non-controlling interests or cash flows. No reclassifications of prior period balances were material to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Interim Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2022, the condensed consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, changes in equity (deficit) and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to state fairly the Company’s financial condition, its operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The historical results are not necessarily indicative of future results, and the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements relate to and include, but are not limited to: the valuation of share-based awards; long-lived assets and investments in equity; the estimated useful lives of property, equipment, and intangible assets; redemption rate assumptions associated with the Company’s player loyalty program and other discretionary player bonuses; deferred revenue relating to the Company’s social gaming revenue stream; accrued expenses; determination of the incremental borrowing rate to calculate operating lease liabilities and finance lease liabilities; valuation of the earnout interests liability; valuation of the warrant liabilities; and deferred taxes and amounts associated with the Tax Receivable Agreement entered into in connection with the Business Combination (the “Tax Receivable Agreement”).
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326). Together with subsequent amendments, this ASU sets forth a “current expected credit loss” model, which requires the Company to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable supportable forecasts. This ASU replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost, available-for-sale debt securities and applies to certain off-balance sheet credit exposures. This ASU is effective for the Company in calendar year 2023. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the adoption of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-6, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. This ASU removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. This ASU is effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 and adoption must be as of the beginning of the Company’s annual fiscal year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
3.Revenue Recognition
The Company’s revenue from contracts with customers consists of online casino, online sports betting, retail sports betting and social gaming.
F-7

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Online casino and online sports betting
Online casino offerings typically include the full suite of games available in land-based casinos, such as blackjack, roulette and slot machines. For these offerings, the Company generates revenue through hold, or gross winnings, as customers play against the house. Online casino revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less other incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in the progressive jackpot liability.
Online sports betting involves a user placing a bet on the outcome of a sporting event, or a series of sporting events, with the chance to win a pre-determined amount, often referred to as fixed odds. Online sports betting revenue is generated by setting odds such that there is a built-in theoretical margin in each bet offered to customers. Online sports betting revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less other incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in unsettled bets.
Retail sports betting
The Company provides retail sports services to land-based partners in exchange for a monthly commission based on the land-based partner’s retail sportsbook revenue. Services generally include ongoing management and oversight of the retail sportsbook, technical support for the land-based partner’s customers, risk management, advertising and promotion, and support for the third-party vendor’s sports betting equipment. The Company has a single performance obligation to provide retail sports services and records the revenue as services are performed and when the commission amounts are no longer constrained (i.e., the amount is known).
Certain relationships with business partners provide the Company the ability to operate the retail sportsbook. In this scenario, revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less other incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in unsettled retail sports bets.
Social gaming
The Company provides a social gaming platform for users to enjoy free-to-play games that use virtual credits. While virtual credits are issued to users for free, some users may choose to purchase additional virtual credits through the Company’s virtual cashier. The Company has a single performance obligation associated with social gaming services, to provide social gaming services to users upon the redemption of virtual credits. Deferred revenue is recorded when users purchase virtual credits and revenue is recognized when the virtual credits are redeemed and the Company’s performance obligation has been fulfilled.
Disaggregation of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
($ in thousands)20222021
Online casino and online sports betting$131,658 $109,978 
Retail sports betting2,330 627 
Social gaming950 1,215 
Total revenue$134,938 $111,820 
Revenue by geographic region for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
($ in thousands)20222021
United States$122,534$105,303
Colombia12,4046,517
Total revenue$134,938$111,820
F-8

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Deferred revenue associated with online casino and online sports betting revenue and retail sports betting revenue includes unsettled customer bets and unredeemed customer incentives, and is included within Players’ liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred revenue associated with social gaming revenue includes unredeemed social gaming virtual credits and is included within Other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The deferred revenue balances as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were as follows:
($ in thousands)
Deferred revenue balance at December 31, 2021
$4,637 
Deferred revenue balance at March 31, 2022
$4,862 
Revenue recognized in the period from amounts included in deferred revenue at December 31, 2021
$3,917 
4.Intangible Assets, Net
The Company has the following intangible assets, net as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
($ in thousands)Weighted
Average
Remaining
Amortization
Period (years)
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
License Fees
March 31, 20229.60$50,007 $(7,191)$42,816
December 31, 20218.61$49,226 $(5,582)$43,644
Internally Developed Software
March 31, 20223.12$5,491 $(534)$4,957
December 31, 20212.96$4,091 $(286)$3,805
Developed Technology
March 31, 20227.25$5,931 $(182)$5,749
December 31, 20218.00$5,931 $$5,931
Amortization expense was $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to amortization expense of $0.5 million in the same period of 2021.
5.Accrued Expenses
The Company has the following accrued expenses as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
($ in thousands)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accrued compensation and related expenses$4,166 $6,038 
Accrued operating expenses25,090 15,955 
Accrued marketing expenses24,776 21,948 
Accrued professional fees2,128 1,753 
Due to affiliates279 1,005 
Other1,458 1,588 
Total accrued expenses$57,897 $48,287 
F-9

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
6.Warrant Liabilities
As part of dMY’s initial public offering, dMY issued to third-party investors 23.0 million units, consisting of one share of dMY’s Class A common stock (“Class A Common Stock”) and one-half of one warrant, at a price of $10.00 per unit. Each whole warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share (the “Public Warrants”). Simultaneously with the dMY initial public offering, 6,600,000 private placement warrants were sold to the Sponsor (the “Private Placement Warrants”) and an additional 75,000 warrants were issued to the Sponsor upon the Closing in connection with converting certain working capital loans into warrants (the “Working Capital Warrants” and together with the Private Placement Warrants, the “Private Warrants” and the Private Warrants together with the Public Warrants, the “Warrants”). Each Private Warrant allowed the Sponsor to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock at $11.50 per share.
The Company classified the Warrants as derivative liabilities on its consolidated balance sheet at fair value as of each reporting date, with subsequent changes in their respective fair values recognized in its consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.
Public Warrants
On February 22, 2021, the Company announced the redemption of all the Company’s Public Warrants, which were exercisable for an aggregate of approximately 11.5 million shares of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share. During March 2021, 11,442,389 Public Warrants were exercised at a price of $11.50 per share, resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $131.6 million (of which $0.1 million was not received until April 2021) and the issuance of 11,442,389 shares of Class A Common Stock. None of the Public Warrants remained outstanding as of March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
The Company determined the fair value of its Public Warrants based on the publicly listed trading price of such warrants as of the valuation date. Accordingly, the Public Warrants were classified as Level 1 financial instruments. The aggregate fair value of the Public Warrants on the dates of exercise throughout March 2021 was $77.5 million.
Private Warrants
On March 26, 2021, the Private Warrants were exercised in full on a cashless basis, resulting in the issuance of 2,571,808 shares of Class A Common Stock. None of the Private Warrants remained outstanding as of March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
The estimated fair value of the Private Warrants was determined with Level 3 inputs using the Black-Scholes model. The significant inputs and assumptions in this method are the stock price, exercise price, volatility, risk-free rate, and term or maturity. The underlying stock price input is the closing stock price as of each valuation date and the exercise price is the price as stated in the warrant agreement. The volatility input was determined using the historical volatility of comparable publicly traded companies that operate in a similar industry or compete directly against the Company. Volatility for each comparable publicly traded company is calculated as the annualized standard deviation of daily continuously compounded returns. The Black-Scholes analysis is performed in a risk-neutral framework, which requires a risk-free rate assumption based upon constant-maturity treasury yields, which are interpolated based on the remaining term of the Private Warrants as of each valuation date. The term/maturity is the duration between each valuation date and the maturity date, which is five years following the Closing, or December 29, 2025.
The Private Warrants were valued as of March 26, 2021 (i.e., the exercise date). The following table provides quantitative information regarding Level 3 fair value measurement inputs at their measurement dates:
March 26,
2021
Exercise price$11.50
Stock price$15.96
Volatility42.6%
Term (years)4.77
Risk-free interest rate0.76%
F-10

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The fair value of the Private Warrants was $50.8 million as of March 26, 2021.
The Company recorded $41.8 million to Change in fair value of warrant liabilities on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss, representing the change in fair value of the Public Warrants and Private Warrants from December 31, 2020 through the respective dates of exercise.
The following table summarizes the fair values of Warrant liabilities and change in fair value at each measurement date:
Public Warrants (Level 1)Private Warrants (Level 3)Total
Fair value of warrants at December 31, 2020$88,079 $82,030 $170,109 
Change in fair value of warrant liability(10,570)(31,232)(41,802)
Fair value of warrants at redemption(77,509)(50,798)(128,307)
Fair value of warrants at March 31, 2021
$ $ $ 
(1) This amount represents the change in fair value of warrant liability, excluding the effect of $4.0 million of transactions costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Warrants.
7.Earnout Interests Liability
The earnout interests were subject to certain restrictions on transfer and voting and potential forfeiture pending the achievement of certain earnout targets. The earnout targets included (a) a change of control within three years of the Closing, (b) achieving certain revenue targets for the 2021 fiscal year, and (c) achieving certain volume weighted average share prices (“VWAPs”) within three years of the Closing.
Earnout interests represented a freestanding financial instrument initially classified as liabilities on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as the Company determined that these financial instruments were not indexed to the Company’s own equity in accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. Earnout interests were initially recorded at fair value and were adjusted to fair value at each reporting date with changes in fair value recorded in Change in fair value of earnout interests liability in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.
On January 13, 2021, the earnout interests were fully earned and no longer subject to the applicable restrictions on transfer and voting because the VWAP exceeded $14.00 per share for 10 trading days within a 20 consecutive trading day period following the Closing. As a result, the earnout interests liability was reclassed to equity resulting in 1,212,813 shares of Class A Common Stock held by Darla Anderson, Francesca Luthi, Charles E. Wert and Sponsor and 15,000,000 shares of Class V Common Stock and RSILP Units issued to the Sellers (i.e., non-controlling interests) that were no longer subject to the applicable restrictions.
The Company recorded $13.7 million to Change in fair value of earnout interests liability on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss, representing the change in fair value of the earnout interests from December 31, 2020 through January 13, 2021 when the earnout interests were no longer subject to the restrictions.
Earnout Interests Liability
Total
December 31, 2020$351,048 
Change in fair value of earnout interests liability13,740 
Settlement of earnout interests liability
(364,788)
March 31, 2021
$ 

F-11

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
8.Equity
Non-Controlling Interest
The non-controlling interest represents the RSLIP Units held by holders other than the Company.
The non-controlling interests owned 70.92% and 72.20% of the RSILP Units outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The table below illustrates a rollforward of the non-controlling interest percentages during the three months ended March 31, 2022:
Non-Controlling Interest %
Non-controlling interest % as of December 31, 2021:
72.20 %
Issuance of Class A Common Stock upon RSILP Unit Exchanges
(1.28)%
Non-controlling interest % as of March 31, 2022:
70.92 %
The non-controlling interests owned 73.01% and 76.89% (which excluded the earnout interests that did not vest until January 2021) of the RSILP Units outstanding, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The table below illustrates a rollforward of the non-controlling interest percentages during the three months ended March 31, 2021:
Non-Controlling Interest %
Non-controlling interest % as of December 31, 2020:
76.89 %
Issuance of RSILP units in connection with the vesting of earnout interest in January 20211.24 %
Issuance of Class A Common Stock in connection with the exercise of the Warrants(4.98)%
Repurchases of Class A Common Stock
0.08 %
Issuance of Class A Common Stock in connection with the vesting of certain share-based equity grants(0.22)%
Non-controlling interest % as of March 31, 2021:
73.01 %
Treasury Stock
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company repurchased 218,589 shares of its Class A Common Stock at an average price of $15.85 and a total cost of $3.5 million. The repurchased shares were considered issued but not outstanding. The Company subsequently reissued the repurchased shares in connection with the issuance of shares under the 2020 Plan (as defined below) during the year ended December 31, 2021. No treasury shares remain outstanding as of March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
9.Share-Based Compensation
The Company adopted the Rush Street Interactive, Inc. 2020 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan, as amended from time to time (the “2020 Plan”), to attract, retain and incentivize employees, consultants and independent directors who will contribute to the success of the Company. Awards that may be granted under the 2020 Plan include incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted awards, performance share awards, cash awards and other equity-based awards. Upon adoption of the 2020 Plan, there was an aggregate of 13.4 million shares of Class A Common Stock reserved under the 2020 Plan, which may consist of authorized and unissued shares, treasury shares or shares reacquired by the Company. The 2020 Plan will terminate on December 29, 2030.
The Company granted 20.0 thousand and 3.6 million restricted stock units (“RSUs”) during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company’s outstanding awards are based on service conditions and other awards that are based on market conditions. The grant date fair value of the awards with service conditions is determined based on the quoted market price, while the grant date fair value of the awards with market-based conditions is estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation.
The Company granted no stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Previously granted stock options that remain outstanding as of March 31, 2022 were valued using a Black-Scholes valuation model.
F-12

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
RSU and stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:
RSUsOptions
Number of unitsWeighted-average
grant price
Number of optionsWeighted-average
grant price
Unvested balance at December 31, 2021
3,076,158 $16.08 96,827 $7.41 
Granted20,000 7.99   
Vested    
Forfeited(6,000)15.85   
Unvested balance at March 31, 2022
3,090,158 $16.02 96,827 $7.41 
RSUsOptions
Number of unitsWeighted average
grant price
Number of optionsWeighted-average
grant price
Unvested balance at December 31, 2020
 $  $ 
Granted3,647,504 15.85   
Vested(719,479)15.85   
Forfeited    
Unvested balance at March 31, 2021
2,928,025 $15.85  $ 
The aggregate fair value of the RSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, was approximately $0.2 million and $57.8 million, respectively.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to RSUs and stock options of approximately $43.9 million and $0.5 million, respectively, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of 3.2 years. The Company’s stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2022 have no intrinsic value.
Share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)20222021
Costs of revenue$244 $915 
Advertising and promotions505 1,698 
General administration and other3,188 8,963 
Total share-based compensation expense$3,937 $11,576 
10.Income Taxes
The income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
($ in thousands)20222021
Income tax provision$2,002$804
The Company recognized federal, state and foreign income tax expense of $2.0 million and $0.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were (4)%, and 110%, respectively. The difference between the Company’s effective tax rate and the U.S. statutory tax rate of 21% was primarily due to a full valuation allowance recorded on the Company’s net U.S. deferred tax assets and income tax rate differences related to its foreign operations for which both current and deferred taxes are
F-13

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
recorded. The Company evaluates the realizability of the deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis and establishes a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset may not be realized.
In connection with the Business Combination, the Special Limited Partner entered into the Tax Receivable Agreement, which generally provides for the payment by it of 85% of certain net tax benefits, if any, that the Company (including the Special Limited Partner) realize (or in certain cases is deemed to realize) as a result of an increase in tax basis and tax benefits related to the transactions contemplated under the Business Combination Agreement and the exchange of Retained RSILP Units (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement) for Class A Common Stock (or cash at the Company’s option) pursuant to RSILP’s amended and restated limited partnership agreement and tax benefits related to entering into the Tax Receivable Agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement. These payments are the obligation of the Special Limited Partner and not of RSILP. The actual increase in the Special Limited Partner’s allocable share of RSILP’s tax basis in its assets, as well as the amount and timing of any payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement, will vary depending upon a number of factors, including the timing of exchanges, the market price of our Class A Common Stock at the time of the exchange and the amount and timing of the recognition of RSI and its consolidated subsidiaries’ (including the Special Limited Partner’s) income.
Based primarily on historical losses of RSILP, management has determined it is more-likely-than-not that the Company will be unable to utilize its deferred tax assets subject to the Tax Receivable Agreement; therefore, management applies a full valuation allowance to deferred tax asset or a corresponding liability under the Tax Receivable Agreement related to the tax savings the Company may realize from the utilization of tax deductions related to basis adjustments created by the transactions in the Business Combination Agreement. The unrecognized Tax Receivable Agreement liability as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is $52.6 million and $46.2 million, respectively. The increase in the liability is primarily due to the issuance of Class A Common Stock upon RSILP unit exchanges. Due to the fact that the Company's deferred tax assets and corresponding Tax Receivable Agreement liability are unrecognized, this decrease had no impact on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.
11.Loss Per Share
The basic and diluted loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are as follows (amounts in thousands, except for share and per share amounts):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Numerator: 
Net loss$(52,270)$(76)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests(37,573)(59)
Net loss attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc. – basic$(14,697)$(17)
Effect of dilutive securities:
Warrants, net of amounts attributable to non-controlling interests (9,569)
Net loss attributable to Rush Street Interactive, Inc. – diluted$(14,697)$(9,586)
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic61,800,359 46,955,262 
Weighted average effect of dilutive securities:
Public Warrants(1)
 3,770,106 
Private Placement and Working Capital Warrants(1)
 2,690,120 
Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted61,800,359 53,415,488 
Net loss per Class A common share – basic$(0.24)$ 
Net loss per Class A common share – diluted$(0.24)$(0.18)
_____________________________________
(1)Calculated using the treasury stock method.
F-14

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Class V Common Stock does not participate in the Company’s earnings or losses and is therefore not a participating security. As such, separate presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share of Class V Common Stock under the two-class method has not been presented.
The Company excluded the following securities from its computation of diluted shares outstanding, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
RSILP Units(1)
155,893,584 160,000,000 
Unvested Restricted Stock Units3,090,158 2,928,025 
Unvested Stock Options96,827 N/A
_____________________________________
(1)These RSILP Units are held by the Sellers pursuant to the Business Combination, and may be exchanged, subject to certain restrictions, for Class A Common Stock. Upon exchange of an RSILP Unit, a share of Class V Common Stock is cancelled.
12.Related Parties
Services Agreement
At the Closing, Rush Street Gaming, LLC (“RSG”), a current affiliate of the Company controlled by Neil Bluhm, Executive Chairman, and also formerly controlled through May 1, 2022, by Greg Carlin, the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer and former vice chairman, entered into a Services Agreement (the “Services Agreement”), pursuant to which, among other things, RSG or certain of its affiliates provide certain specified services to the Company for a period of two years following the Closing, subject to extension and early termination, including, without limitation, certain services such as government affairs, certain business development, insurance and other services (in each case as more fully described in the Services Agreement). RSG and its affiliates had provided similar services to RSILP prior to the Business Combination and the Services Agreement represents a continuation of those services and support. As compensation for the provision of these services, the Company reimburses RSG and its affiliates for (i) all third-party costs, including fees and costs incurred in connection with any required consents, incurred in connection with the provision of services, (ii) its reasonable and documented out-of-pocket travel and related expenses as approved by the Company, and (iii) an allocable portion of payroll, benefits and overhead (calculated at 150% of an employee’s salary, bonus and benefits cost) with respect to RSG’s or its affiliates’ employees who perform or otherwise assist in providing the services. Expenses relating to support services were $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Payables due to RSG for support services were $0.2 million and $0.1 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. These support services are recorded as General administration and other in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and any payables to RSG are recorded as Accrued expenses within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Affiliated Land-Based Casinos

Neil Bluhm and his adult children (including Ms. Leslie Bluhm), through their individual capacities, entities or trusts that they have created for the benefit of themselves or their family members, and Greg Carlin, through his individual capacity, entities or trusts that he has created for the benefit of himself or his family members, are direct or indirect owners, directors and/or officers of certain land-based casinos. The Company has entered into certain agreements with these affiliated land-based casinos that create strategic partnerships aimed to capture the online gaming, online sports betting and retail sports services markets in the various states and municipalities where the land-based casinos operate.
Generally, the Company pays a royalty fee to the land-based casino (calculated as a percentage of the Company’s revenue less reimbursable costs as defined in the applicable agreement) in exchange for the right to operate real-money online casino and/or online sports betting and social gaming under the gaming license of the land-based casinos. Royalties related to arrangements with affiliated casinos were $9.5 million and $12.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, which were net of any consideration received from the affiliated casino for reimbursable costs, as well as costs that are paid directly by the affiliate casino on the Company’s behalf. Net royalties paid are recorded as Costs of revenue in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. In
F-15

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
certain cases, the affiliate casino maintains the bank account that processes cash deposits and withdrawals for RSI customers. Accordingly, at any point in time, the Company will record a receivable from the affiliate, representing RSI total gaming revenue (with RSI customers) that was collected by the affiliate, less consideration payable to the affiliate for use of its license, which is offset by any consideration received from the affiliate based on the terms of the applicable agreement. Receivables due from affiliate land-based casinos were $30.8 million and $28.2 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
In addition, the Company provides retail sports services to certain affiliated land-based casinos in exchange for a monthly commission based on the land-based casino’s retail sportsbook revenue. Services generally include ongoing management and oversight of the retail sportsbook, technical support for the land-based casino’s customers, risk management, advertising and promotion, and support for the third-party vendor’s sports betting equipment. Revenue recognized relating to retail sports services provided to affiliated land-based casinos for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were not material to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Any payables due to the affiliated land-based casinos are netted against affiliate receivables to the extent a right of offset exists and were not material to the condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.
13.Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
The Company is not a party to any material legal proceedings and is not aware of any pending or threatened claims except as noted below. From time to time however, the Company may be subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of its business activities.
A complaint in a case Todd L. Anderson. vs. Rush Street Gaming, LLC and Rush Street Interactive, LLC, Case Number # 120CV04794 that was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois was served on the Company on August 18, 2020 and was subsequently amended and served on the Company on September 15, 2020. The amended complaint alleges that Todd Anderson was offered a 1% equity stake in RSILP in 2012 that was never issued and asserts breach of contract, promissory estoppel, constructive fraud, conversion, breach of fiduciary duty, and unjust enrichment. On October 13, 2020, RSILP filed a motion to dismiss all the alleged claims asserted in the complaint. On September 28, 2021, the court entered an order granting in part and denying in part RSILP's motion to dismiss, dismissing Mr. Anderson’s constructive fraud, breach of fiduciary duty and unjust enrichment claims, but allowing his remaining claims to proceed. On October 19, 2021, RSILP filed an answer to the amended complaint. The Company believes it has multiple defenses against the remaining claims and has defended the case as such. The potential result is not able to be estimated and, therefore, the Company has not recorded a loss or related accrual on its condensed consolidated financial statements related to this matter.
F-16

RUSH STREET INTERACTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Other Contractual Obligations
The Company is a party to several non-cancelable contracts with vendors and licensors for marketing and other strategic partnership related agreements where the Company is obligated to make future minimum payments under the non-cancelable terms of these contracts as follows ($ in thousands):
Remainder of 2022
$24,680 
Year ending December 31, 202313,822 
Year ending December 31, 20246,471 
Year ending December 31, 20253,013 
Year ending December 31, 20263,595 
Thereafter12,812 
Total(1)
$64,393 
_____________________________________
(1)
Includes operating lease and finance lease obligations under non-cancelable lease contracts totaling $2.2 million, obligations under non-cancelable contracts with marketing vendors totaling $28.5 million, and license and market access commitments totaling $33.7 million. Certain market access arrangements require the Company to make additional payments at a contractual milestone date if the market access fees paid up until that milestone date do not meet a minimum contractual threshold. In these instances, the Company calculates the future minimum payment as the total milestone payment less any amounts already paid to the Partner and includes such payments in the period in which the milestone date occurs.
F-17

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (our “Annual Report”), and our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”). In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results and timing of selected events may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those discussed under the sections of this Report captioned “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors.” For a discussion of limitations in measuring certain of our key metrics, see the section of this Report captioned “Limitations of Key Metrics and Other Data.”
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains certain financial measures, in particular the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, which are not presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (“GAAP”). We present these non-GAAP financial measures because they provide us and readers of this Report with additional insight into our operational performance relative to earlier periods and relative to our competitors. These non-GAAP financial measures are not a substitute for any GAAP financial information. Readers of this Report should use these non-GAAP financial measures only in conjunction with the comparable GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss, the most comparable GAAP measure, are provided in this Report.
Unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this Report to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” refer to: (i) the business of Rush Street Interactive, LP and its subsidiaries prior to the consummation of the previously disclosed business combination between dMY Technology Group, Inc. and Rush Street Interactive, LP on December 29, 2020 (the “Business Combination”); and (ii) Rush Street Interactive, Inc. and its subsidiaries after the consummation of the Business Combination.
Our Business
We are a leading online gaming and entertainment company that focuses primarily on online casino and online sports betting in the U.S., Canadian and Latin American markets. Our mission is to provide our customers with the most player-friendly online casino and online sports betting experience in the industry. In furtherance of this mission, we strive to create an online community for our customers where we are transparent and honest, treat our customers fairly, show them that we value their time and loyalty, and listen to feedback. We also endeavor to implement industry leading responsible gaming practices and provide our customers with a cutting-edge online gaming platform and exciting, personalized offerings that will enhance their user experience.
We provide our customers an array of leading gaming offerings such as real-money online casino, online sports betting and retail sports betting (i.e., sports betting services provided at bricks-and-mortar locations), as well as social gaming, which involves free-to-play games that use virtual credits that users can earn or purchase. We launched our first social gaming website in 2015 and began accepting real-money bets in the United States in 2016. Currently, we offer real-money online casino, online sports betting and/or retail sports betting in thirteen U.S. states as outlined in the table below.
18

U.S. StateOnline CasinoOnline Sports
Betting
Retail Sports
Betting
Arizonaü
Coloradoü
Connecticutüü
Illinoisüü
Indianaüü
Iowaü
Louisianaü
Michiganüüü
New Jerseyüü
New Yorküü
Pennsylvaniaüüü
Virginiaü
West Virginiaü
In 2018, we were the first U.S.-based online gaming operator to launch in Colombia, which was an early adopting Latin American country to legalize and regulate online casino and sports betting nationally. In addition, we launched real-money online casino and sports betting in Ontario, Canada during April 2022 and previously launched our social gaming offering in Canada during October 2021. We also expect to launch online casino and online sports betting in Mexico during the second quarter of 2022.
Our real-money online casino and online sports betting offerings are currently provided under our BetRivers.com and PlaySugarHouse.com brands in the United States and under our RushBet.co brand in Colombia. We operate and/or support retail sports betting for our bricks-and-mortar partners primarily under their respective brands. Many of our social gaming offerings are marketed under our partners’ brands, although we also offer social gaming under our own brands as well. Our decision about what brand or brands to use is market- and partner-specific, and is based on brand awareness, market research, marketing efficiency and applicable gaming rules and regulations.
Impact of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted global commercial activity, disrupted supply chains and contributed to significant volatility in financial markets. Starting in 2020 and continuing through the date hereof, the COVID-19 pandemic continued to adversely impact many different industries. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic could have a continued material adverse impact on economic and market conditions and trigger a period of global economic slowdown. The rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as to the extent and the duration of the impact of COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic therefore presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to us and our performance and could affect our financial results in a materially adverse way.
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted our business. The direct impact on our business, beyond disruptions in normal business operations, is primarily through the change in consumer habits as a result of people being ordered or requested to stay home and restrict their traveling or otherwise voluntarily choosing to stay at home or restrict travel. During the periods affected by government-imposed stay-at-home orders, our business volume significantly increased and has since continued to remain strong as many of these orders were lifted. COVID-19 has also directly impacted sports betting due to the rescheduling, reconfiguring, suspension, postponement and cancellation of major sports seasons and sporting events or exclusion of certain players or teams from sporting events. Beginning in early 2020 and continuing into the third quarter of 2020, many sports seasons and sporting events, including the NBA regular season and playoffs, the NCAA college basketball tournament, the MLB regular season, the Masters golf tournament, the NHL regular season and playoffs and domestic soccer leagues and European cup competitions, were suspended, postponed, modified or cancelled. While most major professional sports leagues have since resumed their activities primarily starting in the second half of 2020, sporting events were still being impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic during the first quarter of 2022. For example, players are or were being excluded from certain games or events due to local COVID-19 vaccine requirements, COVID-19 or COVID-19 protocols. However, we are seeing a trend where such local COVID-19 vaccine requirements and/or COVID-19 protocols are being eased or lifted. Sports seasons, events and calendars could be further suspended, cancelled or rescheduled due to additional COVID-19 outbreaks.
19

The alteration of sports seasons and sporting events, including the postponement or cancellation of events, throughout fiscal year 2021 reduced our customers’ use of, and spending on, our sports betting offerings and from time to time caused us to issue refunds for canceled events. Additionally, any ongoing or future closures of bricks-and-mortar casinos and limitations on visitations to such casinos due to COVID-19 may provide additional opportunities for us to market online casino and sports betting to traditional bricks-and-mortar casino patrons.
Our revenue varies based on sports seasons and sporting events, among other factors, and cancellations, suspensions or alterations resulting from COVID-19 have the potential to adversely affect our revenue, possibly materially. However, our online casino offerings do not rely on sports seasons and sporting events, thus, they may partially offset this adverse impact on revenue.
The ultimate impact of COVID-19 and the related restrictions on consumer behavior is currently unknown. A significant or prolonged decrease in consumer spending on entertainment or leisure activities would likely have an adverse effect on demand for our offerings, reducing cash flows and revenues, thus materially harming our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, a significant uptick in COVID-19 cases or an emergence of additional variants or strains could cause other widespread or more severe impacts depending on where infection rates are highest. As steps taken to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 have necessitated a shift away from a traditional office environment for many employees, we implemented business continuity programs to help ensure that our personnel were safe and our business continued to function with minimal disruptions to normal work operations while personnel worked remotely. We will continue to monitor developments relating to disruptions and uncertainties caused by COVID-19.
Trends in Key Metrics
Monthly Active Users
MAUs is the number of unique users per month who have placed at least one real-money bet across one or more of our online casino or online sports betting offerings. For periods longer than one month, we average the MAUs for the months in the relevant period. We exclude users who have made a deposit but have not yet placed a real-money bet on at least one of our online offerings. We also exclude users who have placed a real-money bet but only with promotional incentives. The numbers of unique users included in calculating MAUs only include U.S.-based users of our online real-money offerings.
MAUs is a key indicator of the scale of our user base and awareness of our brands. We believe that year-over-year MAUs is also generally indicative of the long-term revenue growth potential of our business, although MAUs in individual periods may be less indicative of our longer-term expectations. We expect the number of MAUs to grow as we attract, retain and re-engage users in new and existing jurisdictions and expand our offerings to appeal to a wider audience.
The chart below presents our average MAUs for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
rsi-20220331_g1.jpg
20

The increase in MAUs was mainly due to our continued growth in existing markets such as Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Illinois, Indiana, Colorado, Iowa, Michigan and Virginia, as well as our expansion into new markets such as West Virginia, Arizona, Connecticut, New York, and Louisiana, which had not launched until after March 31, 2021. Additionally, we continue to achieve a positive response from our strategic advertising and marketing efforts.
Average Revenue Per Monthly Active User
ARPMAU for an applicable period is average revenue divided by average MAUs. This key metric represents our ability to drive usage and monetization of our online offerings.
The chart below presents our ARPMAU for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
rsi-20220331_g2.jpg
The year-over-year decrease in ARPMAU was mainly due to an increase in the number of markets where we offer only sports betting (we launched in four new sports betting-only markets during that period - Arizona, Connecticut, Louisiana and New York), which, when combined with our increased promotional and advertising activities in those markets, resulted in an increase in the number of customers in sports betting-only markets. Sports betting-only customers generally generate less revenue per customer than online casino-only customers.
Non-GAAP Information
This Report includes Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP performance measure that we use to supplement our results presented in accordance with GAAP. We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations and operating performance, as it is similar to measures reported by our public competitors and is regularly used by securities analysts, institutional investors and other interested parties in analyzing operating performance and prospects. Non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for any GAAP financial measures and, as calculated, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of performance of other companies in other industries or within the same industry.
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation, adjustments for certain one-time or non-recurring items and other adjustments. Adjusted EBITDA excludes certain expenses that are required in accordance with GAAP because certain expenses are either non-cash (for example, depreciation and amortization, and share-based compensation) or are not related to our underlying business performance (for example, interest income or expense).
We include Adjusted EBITDA because management uses it to evaluate our core operating performance and trends and to make strategic decisions regarding the distribution of capital and new investments. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with useful information on our past financial and operating performance, enable comparison of financial results from period-to-period where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for
21

greater transparency with respect to metrics used by our management in operating our business. Management also believes this non-GAAP financial measure is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance.
The table below presents our Adjusted EBITDA reconciled from our Net loss, the closest GAAP measure, for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
($ in thousands)20222021
Net loss$(52,270)$(76)
Interest expense, net222 13 
Income tax expense2,002 804 
Depreciation and amortization2,737 674 
Change in fair value of warrant liability— (41,802)
Change in fair value of earnout interests liability— 13,740 
Share-based compensation expense3,937 11,576 
Adjusted EBITDA$(43,372)$(15,071)
Key Components of Revenue and Expenses
Revenue
We offer real-money online casino, online sports betting and/or retail sports betting in thirteen U.S. states, Colombia and since April 2022, Ontario, Canada. We also provide social gaming where users are given virtual credits to enjoy free-to-play games.
Our revenue is predominantly generated from our U.S. operations, with the remaining revenue being generated from our Colombian operations. We generate revenue primarily through the following offerings:
Online Casino
Online casino offerings typically include the full suite of games available in bricks-and-mortar casinos, such as table games (i.e., blackjack and roulette) and slot machines. For these offerings, we function similarly to bricks-and-mortar casinos, generating revenue through hold, or gross winnings, as customers play against the house. Like bricks-and-mortar casinos, there is volatility with online casino, but as the number of bets placed increases, the revenue retained from bets placed becomes easier to predict. Our experience has been that online casino revenue is less volatile than sports betting revenue.
Our online casino offering consists of a combination of licensed content from leading suppliers in the industry, customized third-party games and a small number of proprietary games that we developed in-house. Third-party content is usually subject to standard revenue-sharing agreements specific to each supplier, where the supplier generally receives a percentage of the net gaming revenue generated from its casino games played on our platform. In exchange, we receive a limited license to offer the games on our platform to customers in jurisdictions where use is approved by the regulatory authorities. We pay much lower fees on revenue generated through our in-house developed casino games such as our multi-bet blackjack (with side bets: 21+3, Lucky Ladies, Lucky Lucky) and single-deck blackjack, which primarily relate to hosting/remote gaming server fees and certain intellectual property license fees.
Online casino revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in the progressive jackpot reserve.
Online Sports Betting
Online sports betting involves a user placing a bet on the outcome of a sporting event, or a series of sporting events, with the chance to win a pre-determined amount, often referred to as fixed odds. Online sports betting revenue is generated
22

by setting odds such that there is a built-in theoretical margin in each sports bet offered to customers. While sporting event outcomes may result in revenue volatility, we believe that we can achieve a long-term betting win margin.
Integrated into our online sports betting platform is a third-party risk and trading platform currently provided by certain subsidiaries of Kambi Group plc. In addition to traditional fixed-odds betting, we also offer other sports betting products including in-game betting and multi-sport and same-game parlay betting. We have also incorporated live streaming of certain sporting events into our online sports betting offering.
Online sports revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in unsettled sports bets.
Retail Sports Betting
We provide retail sports services to certain land-based partners in exchange for a monthly commission that is calculated based on the land-based retail sportsbook revenue. Services generally include ongoing management and oversight of the retail sportsbook (i.e., within a bricks-and-mortar location), technical support for the partner’s customers, risk management, advertising and promotion, and support for third-party sports betting equipment.
In addition, certain relationships with business partners provide us the ability to operate the retail sportsbook at the land-based partner’s facility. In this scenario, revenue is generated based on total customer bets less amounts paid to customers for winning bets, less other incentives awarded to customers, plus or minus the change in unsettled retail sports bets.
Social Gaming
We provide social gaming (where permitted) where users are given virtual credits to enjoy free-to-play games. Users who exhaust their credits can either purchase additional virtual credits from the virtual cashier or wait until their virtual credits are replenished for free. Virtual credits have no monetary value and can only be used within our social gaming platform.
Our social gaming business has three main goals: building online databases in key markets ahead of and post-legalization and regulation; generating revenues; and increasing engagement and visitation to our bricks-and-mortar partner properties. Our social gaming products are a marketing tool that keeps the applicable brands present in the minds of our users and engages with users through another channel while providing the entertainment value that users seek. We also leverage our social gaming products to cross-sell to our real-money offerings in jurisdictions where real-money gaming is authorized.
We recognize deferred revenue when users purchase virtual credits and revenue when the virtual credits are redeemed. We pay a percentage of the social gaming revenue derived from the sale and redemption of the virtual credits to content suppliers as well as to our land-based partners.
Costs and Expenses
Costs of Revenue. Costs of revenue consist primarily of (i) revenue share and market access fees, (ii) platform and content fees, (iii) gaming taxes, (iv) payment processing fees and chargebacks and (v) salaries, bonuses, benefits and share-based compensation for dedicated personnel. These costs are primarily variable in nature and should, in large part, correlate with the change in revenue. Revenue share and market access fees consist primarily of amounts paid to local land-based partners that hold the applicable gaming license, providing us the ability to offer our real-money online offerings in the respective jurisdictions. Our platform and content fees are primarily driven by costs associated with third-party casino content, sports betting trading services and certain elements of our platform technology, such as geolocation and know-your-customer. Gaming taxes primarily relate to state taxes and are determined on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis. We incur payment processing costs on customer deposits and occasionally chargebacks (i.e., when a payment processor contractually disallows customer deposits in the normal course of business).
Advertising and Promotions Costs. Advertising and promotion costs consist primarily of costs associated with marketing our offerings via different channels, promotional activities and the related costs incurred to acquire new customers. These costs also include salaries, bonuses, benefits and share-based compensation for dedicated personnel and are expensed as incurred.
Our ability to effectively market is critical to operational success. Using experience, dynamic learnings and analytics, we leverage marketing to acquire, convert, retain and re-engage customers. We use a variety of earned media and paid
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marketing channels, in combination with compelling offers and unique game and site features, to attract and engage customers. Furthermore, we continuously optimize our marketing spend using data collected from our operations. Our marketing spend is based on a return-on-investment model that considers a variety of factors, including the products and services offered in the jurisdiction, the performance of different marketing channels, predicted lifetime value, marginal costs and expenses and behavior of customers across various product offerings.
With respect to paid marketing, we use a broad array of advertising channels, including television, radio, social media platforms, sponsorships, affiliates and paid search, and other digital channels. We also use other forms of marketing and outreach, such as our social media channels, first-party websites, media interviews and other media spots and organic searches. These efforts are primarily concentrated within the specific jurisdictions where we operate or intend to operate. We believe there is significant benefit to having a flexible approach to advertising spending as we can quickly redirect our advertising spending based on dynamic testing of our advertising methods and channels.
General Administration and Other. General administration and other expenses consist primarily of administrative personnel costs, including salaries, bonuses and benefits, share-based compensation expense for dedicated personnel, professional fees related to legal, compliance, audit and consulting services, rent and insurance costs.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense consists of depreciation on our property and equipment and amortization of market access licenses, gaming jurisdictional licenses, internally developed software and finance lease right-of-uses amortization over their useful lives.
Results of Operations
The following tables set forth a summary of our consolidated results of operations for the interim periods indicated and the changes between periods. We have derived these data from our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report. The results of historical periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for any future period.
Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
($ in thousands)20222021$
%*
Revenue$134,938 $111,820 $23,118 21 %
Costs of revenue99,858 79,687 20,171 25 %
Advertising and promotions66,849 42,216 24,633 58 %
General administration and other15,540 16,564 (1,024)(6)%
Depreciation and amortization2,737 674 2,063 306 %
Loss from operations(50,046)(27,321)(22,725)83