10-Q 1 ea0205875-10q_redwoods.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                 to                    

 

Commission file number: 001-41340

 

Redwoods Acquisition Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   86-2727441
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1115 Broadway, 12th Floor

New York, NY 10010

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(646) 916-5315
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Units   RWODU   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Common Stock   RWOD   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants   RWODW   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Rights   RWODR   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

 

As of May 22, 2024, there were 5,165,194 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2024

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page 
Part I. Financial Information   1
Item 1. Financial Statements   1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2023 (Audited)   1
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023   2
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023   3
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023   4
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements   5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   23
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   33
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   33
Part II. Other Information   34
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   34
Item 1A. Risk Factors   34
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   34
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   34
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   34
Item 5. Other Information   34
Item 6. Exhibits   34
Signatures   35

 

i

 

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.-Financial Statements.

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.
CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   March 31,
2024
(Unaudited)
   December 31,
2023
(Audited)
 
Assets        
Current Assets        
Cash  $8,051   $172,535 
Prepaid expenses   
    26,995 
Total Current Assets   8,051    199,530 
           
Investments held in Trust Account   19,578,086    19,256,423 
Total Assets  $19,586,137   $19,455,953 
           
Liabilities, Temporary Equity, and Stockholders’ Deficit          
Current Liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $467,916   $396,669 
Due to related party   347,052    65,000 
Franchise tax payable   93,600    75,600 
Income tax payable   650,462    751,562 
Excise tax liability   1,024,249    1,024,249 
Total Current Liabilities   2,583,279    2,313,080 
           
Warrant liability   41,340    58,300 
Deferred income tax payable   18,087    17,919 
Convertible promissory note - related party   1,540,000    1,540,000 
Deferred underwriting fee payable   4,312,500    4,312,500 
Total Liabilities   8,495,206    8,241,799 
           
Commitments and Contingencies   
 
    
 
 
           
Common stock subject to possible redemption, 1,760,194 shares and 1,760,194 shares at redemption value of $10.69 and $10.55 per share as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively   18,819,250    18,564,656 
           
Stockholders’ Deficit          
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 3,405,000 shares issued and outstanding   340    340 
Additional paid-in capital   
    
 
Accumulated deficit   (7,728,659)   (7,350,842)
Total Stockholders’ Deficit   (7,728,319)   (7,350,502)
Total Liabilities, Temporary Equity, and Stockholders’ Deficit  $19,586,137   $19,455,953 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

1

 

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2024   2023 
         
General and administrative expenses  $324,777   $293,654 
Franchise tax expenses   18,000    32,100 
Loss from operations   (342,777)   (325,754)
           
Interest earned on investments held in Trust Account   251,663    1,250,068 
Change in fair value of convertible notes       462,670 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   16,960    (10,600)
Income (loss) before income taxes   (74,154)   1,376,384 
           
Income tax provision   (49,069)   (255,773)
Net income (loss)  $(123,223)  $1,120,611 
           
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, redeemable common stock
   1,760,194    11,364,370 
           
Basic and diluted net income per share, redeemable common stock
  $0.07   $0.10 
           
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, non-redeemable common stock
   3,405,000    3,405,000 
           
Basic and diluted net loss per share, non-redeemable common stock
  $(0.07)  $(0.01)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

2

 

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY(DEFICIT)

 

For the Three Month Ended March 31, 2024

 

   Common stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balance, January 1, 2024   3,405,000   $340   $
      —
   $(7,350,842)  $(7,350,502)
                          
Accretion of common stock to redemption value       
    
    (254,594)   (254,594)
                          
Net income       
    
    (123,223)   (123,223)
Balance as of March 31, 2024   3,405,000   $340   $
   $(7,728,659)  $(7,728,319)

 

For the Three Month Ended March 31, 2023 

 

   Common stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Deficit 
Balance, January 1, 2023   3,405,000   $340   $
     —
   $(4,044,852)  $(4,044,512)
                          
Accretion of common stock to redemption value       
    
    (1,322,195)   (1,322,195)
                          
Exercise tax liability       
    
    (631,696)   (631,696)
                          
Net income       
    
    1,120,611    1,120,611 
Balance as of March 31, 2023   3,405,000   $340   $
   $(4,878,132)  $(4,877,792)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

3

 

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2024   2023 
Cash flows from operating activities:        
Net Income (loss)  $(123,223)  $1,120,611 
Adjustments to reconcile net cash used in operating activities:          
Interest earned on investment held in Trust Account   (251,663)   (1,250,068)
Change in fair value of convertible notes   
    (462,670)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   (16,960)   10,600 
Changes in current assets and current liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses   26,995    (122,876)
Accrued expenses   71,247    166,354 
Franchise tax payable   18,000    (90,701)
Income tax payable   (101,100)   160,947 
Deferred income tax liability   168    94,826 
Net cash used in operating activities   (376,536)   (372,977)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Cash deposited in Trust Account   (70,000)   (360,000)
Net cash used in investing activities   (70,000)   (360,000)
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from issuance of convertible promissory notes to related party   
    510,000 
Advance from related party   282,052    
 
Net cash provided by financing activities   282,052    510,000 
           
Net change in cash   (164,483)   (222,977)
Cash, beginning of the period   172,535    340,962 
Cash, end of the period  $8,051   $117,985 
Supplemental Disclosure of Non-cash Financing Activities          
Accretion of Common stock to redemption value  $254,594   $1,322,195 
Exercise tax liability  $
   $631,696 
Income tax paid  $150,000   $
 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

 

4

 

 

REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 — Description of Organization and Business Operations

 

Redwoods Acquisition Corp. (the “Company”) is a newly organized blank check company incorporated as a Delaware corporation on March 16, 2021. The Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities (“Business Combination”). The Company is not limited to a particular industry or geographic region for purposes of consummating a Business Combination.

 

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had not commenced any operations. All activities through March 31, 2024 are related to the Company’s formation, the initial public offering (“IPO” as defined below in Note 4) and, subsequent to the IPO, identifying a target company for a Business Combination. The Company will not generate any operating revenues until after the completion of a Business Combination, at the earliest. The Company generates non-operating income in the form of interest income from the proceeds derived from the IPO. The Company has selected December 31 as its fiscal year end.

 

The Company’s sponsor is Redwoods Capital LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Sponsor”).

 

The registration statement for the Company’s IPO became effective on March 30, 2022. On April 4, 2022, the Company consummated the IPO of 10,000,000 units at an offering price of $10.00 per unit (the “Public Units’), generating gross proceeds of $100,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, the Company sold to the Sponsor and Chardan Capital Markets LLC (“Chardan”), in a private placement, 377,500 units and 100,000 units, respectively, at $10.00 per unit (the “Private Units”), generating total gross proceeds of $4,775,000, which is described in Note 5.

 

The Company granted the underwriters a 45-day option to purchase up to 1,500,000 additional Public Units to cover over-allotments, if any. On April 7, 2022, the underwriters exercised the over-allotment option in full and purchased 1,500,000 Public Units at a price of $10.00 per Public Unit, generating gross proceeds of $15,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the over-allotment option, the Company consummated the sale of an additional aggregate of 52,500 Private Units with the Sponsor and Chardan at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit, generating total proceeds of $525,000.

 

Transaction costs amounted to $8,365,339, consisting $2,875,000 of underwriting fees, $4,312,500 of deferred underwriting fees (payable only upon completion of a Business Combination) and $1,177,839 of other offering costs.

 

Upon the closing of the IPO and the sale of Private Units on April 4, 2022, and the exercise of the over-allotment option and the sale of the additional Private Units on April 7, 2022, a total of $116,150,000 was placed in a trust account (the “Trust Account”) maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company as a trustee and will be invested only in U.S. government treasury bills with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), and that invest only in direct U.S. government treasury obligations. These funds will not be released until the earlier of the completion of the initial Business Combination and the liquidation due to the Company’s failure to complete a Business Combination within the applicable period of time. The proceeds deposited in the Trust Account could become subject to the claims of the Company’s creditors, if any, which could have priority over the claims of the Company’s public stockholders. In addition, interest income earned on the funds in the Trust Account may be released to the Company to pay its income or other tax obligations. With these exceptions, expenses incurred by the Company may be paid prior to a business combination only from the net proceeds of the IPO and private placement not held in the Trust Account.

 

On March 31, 2023, the Company held a special meeting of stockholders, at which the Company’s stockholders approved (i) an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Extension Amendment”) and (ii) an amendment (the “Trust Amendment”) to the Investment Management Trust Agreement, dated March 30, 2022 (the “Trust Agreement”), by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as trustee (the “Trustee”), extending the date by which the Company must consummate a Business Combination from April 4, 2023 to July 4, 2023, with the ability to further extend the deadline on a monthly basis up to five times from July 4, 2023 to December 4, 2023. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 6,103,350 shares with redemption value of approximately $63,169,451 (or $10.35 per share) of the Company’s common stock were tendered for redemption.

 

5

 

 

As a result of stockholder approval of the Extension Amendment and the Trust Amendment, the Sponsor, or any of their respective affiliates or designees, agreed to deposit into the Trust Account $360,000 for the initial three-month extension and $120,000 per month for each subsequent one-month extension. The extension payment(s) will bear no interest and will be repayable by the Company to the contributors upon consummation of the Business Combination. The loans will be forgiven by the contributors if the Company is unable to consummate the Business Combination except to the extent of any funds held outside of the Trust Account.

 

On March 31, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time the Company has to consummate an initial Business Combination from April 4, 2023 to July 4, 2023, on June 29, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time the Company has to consummate an initial Business Combination from July 4, 2023 to October 4, 2023, and subsequently on each of September 26, 2023 and November 1, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $120,000 into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to December 4, 2023.

 

On November 13, 2023, the Company held a special meeting of stockholders, at which the Company’s stockholders approved (i) an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Second Extension Amendment”) to allow the Company to extend the date by which the Company must consummate a business combination up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 and (ii) an amendment to the Trust Agreement (the “Second Trust Amendment”) to allow the Company to extend the date on which the Trustee must liquidate the Trust Account by up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 by depositing $35,000 per month for each monthly extension. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 3,636,456 shares with redemption value of approximately $39,255,410 (or $10.79 per share) of the Company’s common stock were tendered for redemption.

 

Following the special meeting on November 13, 2023, the Company and the Trustee entered into the Second Trust Amendment and the Company filed the Second Extension Amendment with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware which became effective upon filing. Pursuant to the Second Extension Amendment, the Company is permitted to extend the date by which the Company must consummate an initial business combination on a monthly basis up to twelve times from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 by depositing $35,000 for each monthly extension in accordance with the terms of the Second Trust Amendment. Subsequently on each month from January 2024 to April 2024, the Sponsor made a deposit of $35,000 into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to June 4, 2024.

 

The Company will provide its holders of the outstanding Public Shares (the “Public Stockholders”) with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their Public Shares upon the completion of a Business Combination either (i) in connection with a stockholder meeting called to approve the Business Combination or (ii) by means of a tender offer. The decision as to whether the Company will seek stockholder approval of a Business Combination or conduct a tender offer will be made by the Company, solely in its discretion. The Public Stockholders will be entitled to redeem their Public Shares for a pro rata portion of the amount then in the Trust Account (initially anticipated to be $10.10 per Public Share, plus any pro rata interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to the Company to pay its franchise and income tax obligations). 

 

If a stockholder vote is not required by law and the Company does not decide to hold a stockholder vote for business or other legal reasons, the Company will, pursuant to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (as amended, the “Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation”), conduct the redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and file tender offer documents with the SEC prior to completing a Business Combination. If, however, stockholder approval of the transaction is required by law, or the Company decides to obtain stockholder approval for business or legal reasons, the Company will offer to redeem shares in conjunction with a proxy solicitation pursuant to the proxy rules and not pursuant to the tender offer rules. Additionally, each public stockholder may elect to redeem their Public Shares irrespective of whether they vote for or against the proposed transaction. If the Company seeks stockholder approval in connection with a Business Combination, the Company’s Sponsor and any of the Company’s officers or directors that may hold Insider Shares (as defined in Note 6) (the “Initial Stockholders”) and Chardan have agreed (a) to vote their Insider Shares, the shares underlying the Private Units (“Private Shares”) and any Public Shares purchased during or after the IPO in favor of approving a Business Combination and (b) not to convert any shares (including the Insider Shares) in connection with a stockholder vote to approve, or sell the shares to the Company in any tender offer in connection with, a proposed Business Combination.

 

The Initial Stockholders and Chardan have agreed (a) to waive their redemption rights with respect to the Insider Shares, Private Shares and Public Shares (excluding 1,760,194 public shares subject to possible redemption) held by them in connection with the completion of a Business Combination and (b) not to propose, or vote in favor of, an amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation that would affect the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to redeem 100% of its Public Shares if the Company does not complete a Business Combination, unless the Company provides the public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their Public Shares in conjunction with any such amendment.

 

6

 

 

The Company has until June 4, 2024 (unless further extended monthly up to December 4, 2024 as allowed under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended) to consummate a Business Combination. As a result of stockholder approval of the Second Extension Amendment and the Second Trust Amendment, in order to extend the period of time available for the Company to consummate a Business Combination (the “Combination Period”), the Sponsor, or any of its affiliates or designees, within two business days prior to the applicable deadline, must deposit $35,000 into the Trust Account for each additional one-month extension.

 

If the Company is unable to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period, the Company will (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem the Public Shares, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes payable, and less certain amount of interest to pay dissolution expenses) divided by the number of then outstanding Public Shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of the Company’s remaining stockholders and the Company’s board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to the Company’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law.

 

The Initial Stockholders and Chardan have agreed to waive their liquidation rights with respect to the Insider Shares and Private Shares, as applicable, if the Company fails to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period. However, if any Initial Stockholder or Chardan acquires Public Shares in or after the IPO, such Public Shares will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account if the Company fails to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period. The underwriters have agreed to waive their rights to their deferred underwriting commissions (see Note 7) held in the Trust Account in the event the Company does not complete a Business Combination within in the Combination Period and, in such event, such amounts will be included with the other funds held in the Trust Account that will be available to fund the redemption of the Public Shares. In the event of such distribution, it is possible that the per share value of the assets remaining available for distribution will be less than $10.10.

 

In order to protect the amounts held in the Trust Account, the Sponsor has agreed to be liable to the Company if and to the extent any claims by a third party for services rendered or products sold to the Company, or a prospective target business with which the Company has entered into a written letter of intent, confidentiality or similar agreement or business combination agreement, reduce the amount of funds in the Trust Account to below the lesser of (i) $10.10 per Public Share and (ii) the actual amount per Public Share held in the Trust Account as of the date of the liquidation of the Trust Account, if less than $10.10 per share due to reductions in the value of the trust assets, in each case less taxes payable, provided that such liability will not apply to any claims by a third party or prospective target business who executed a waiver of any and all rights to the monies held in the Trust Account (whether or not such waiver is enforceable), nor will it apply to any claims under the Company’s indemnity of the underwriters of the IPO against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Moreover, in the event that an executed waiver is deemed to be unenforceable against a third party, the Sponsor will not be responsible to the extent of any liability for such third party claims.

 

On May 30, 2023, the Company entered into a business combination agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) by and among the Company, ANEW Medical Sub, Inc., a Wyoming corporation (“Merger Sub”), and ANEW Medical, Inc., a Wyoming corporation (“ANEW”). The Business Combination Agreement provides, among other things, that on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub will merge with and into ANEW, with ANEW as the surviving company in the merger and, after giving effect to such merger, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). Upon the closing of the Merger, the Company will change its name to “ANEW Medical, Inc.”

 

Under the Business Combination Agreement, the Company will acquire all of the outstanding equity interests of ANEW in exchange for shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), based on an implied ANEW equity value of $60,000,000, to be paid to ANEW stockholders at the effective time of the Merger. In addition, certain ANEW stockholders will be issued additional shares of Common Stock (the “Contingent Consideration Shares”), which will be issued as follows: (i) 2,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $12.50 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; (ii) 2,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $15.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; and (iii) 1,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $20.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first five years following the closing of the Merger.

 

7

 

 

In connection with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, the Sponsor and other persons party thereto (together with the Sponsor, collectively, the “Company Insiders”), entered into a support agreement with the Company and ANEW (the “Sponsor Support Agreement”). Under the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor agreed to vote, at any meeting of the stockholders of the Company and in any action by written consent of the stockholders of the Company, all of such Sponsor’s 2,875,000 shares of common stock (the “Founder Shares”) and 530,000 Private Units, each consisting of one share of Common Stock (such shares, together with the Founder Shares, the “Supporter Shares”), one warrant and one right, (i) in favor of (a) the Business Combination Agreement and each ancillary document to which the Company is a party and the transactions contemplated thereby and (b) the other proposals that the Company and ANEW agreed in the Business Combination Agreement shall be submitted at such meeting for approval by the Company’s stockholders together with the proposal to approve the Merger, (ii) approval of the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws and (iii) against any other action that would reasonably be expected to impede, interfere with or adversely affect the Merger. The Sponsor Support Agreement also prohibits the Sponsor from, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, selling, assigning or transferring any Supporter Shares held by the Sponsor or taking any action that would have the effect of preventing or materially delaying the Sponsor from performing its obligations under the Sponsor Support Agreement. In addition, in the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor agreed to waive, and not to assert or claim, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any anti-dilution protection pursuant to the organizational documents of the Company in connection with the Merger.

 

In connection with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, certain ANEW stockholders (the “ANEW Supporting Stockholders”) entered into a voting and support agreement with the Company and ANEW (the “ANEW Support Agreement”). Under the ANEW Support Agreement, each ANEW Supporting Stockholder agreed that, at any meeting of ANEW’s stockholders related to the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, each such ANEW Supporting Stockholder will appear at the meeting or otherwise cause its shares to be voted (i) in favor of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, and authorize and approve any amendment to ANEW’s governing documents that is deemed necessary or advisable by ANEW to effect the Merger; and (ii) against any other action would reasonably be expected to impede, interfere with or adversely affect the Merger.

 

The ANEW Support Agreement also restricts the ANEW Supporting Stockholders from, among other things, selling, assigning or otherwise transferring any of its shares unless the buyer, assignee or transferee thereof executes a joinder agreement to the ANEW Support Agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Company.

 

On November 4, 2023, Redwoods entered into Amendment No. 1 to the Business Combination (the “Amendment”) with the other parties thereto. The Amendment extends the termination date under the Business Combination Agreement from November 4, 2023 to March 4, 2024 (the “Termination Date”); provided, further, that (i) the right to terminate the Business Combination Agreement will not be available to Redwoods if any Redwoods party’s breach of any of its covenants or obligations under the Business Combination Agreement will have proximately caused the failure to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement on or before the Termination Date, and (ii) the right to terminate the Business Combination Agreement will not be available to the Company if the Company’s breach of its covenants or obligations under the Business Combination Agreement will have proximately caused the failure to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement on or before the Termination Date. On April 16, 2024, Redwoods entered into a Side Letter to Business Combination Agreement by and among Redwoods, Merger Sub and ANEW pursuant to which the parties agreed to extend the Termination Date to June 4, 2024.

 

Use of Funds Restricted for Payment of Taxes

 

In April 2023, the Company withdrew approximately $519,231 of interest income earned in the Trust Account. Such amount was restricted for payment of the Company’s income and franchise tax liabilities as provided in the Company’s charter. During the third quarter of 2023, approximately $153,089 of these funds were inadvertently used for the payments of general operating expenses. These funds were replenished to the Company’s operating account by the Sponsor loans during the fourth quarter 2023. The Company subsequently paid $150,000 income tax on January 22, 2024.

 

8

 

 

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Going Concern

 

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had cash of $8,051 and a working capital deficit of $2,575,228. On March 22, 2023, March 30, 2023, June 28, 2023, August 29, 2023, September 25, 2023, and November 27, 2023, the Sponsor provided a loan of $150,000, $360,000, $360,000, $150,000, $120,000, and $400,000, respectively, to be used, in part, for transaction costs related to the Business Combination (see Note 6). Subsequently on each month from January 2024 to April 2024, the Sponsor made a deposit of $35,000 per month into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to June 4, 2024. The Company has until June 4, 2024 (unless further extended monthly up to December 4, 2024 as allowed under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended) to consummate a Business Combination. It is uncertain that the Company will be able to consummate a Business Combination by this time. If a Business Combination is not consummated by this date, there will be a mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution.

 

The Company expects to continue to incur significant professional costs to remain as a publicly traded company and to incur significant transaction costs in pursuit of the consummation of a Business Combination. The Company may need to obtain additional financing either to complete its Business Combination or because it becomes obligated to redeem a significant number of public shares upon consummation of its Business Combination, in which case the Company may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such Business Combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, the Company would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of our Business Combination. If the Company is unable to complete its Business Combination because it does not have sufficient funds available, it will be forced to cease operations and liquidate the Trust Account. In addition, following the Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, the Company may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet its obligations.

 

In connection with the Company’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with Financial Accounting Standard Board’s Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-15, “Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern”, the Company has until June 4, 2024 (unless further extended monthly up to December 4, 2024 as allowed under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended) to consummate a Business Combination. It is uncertain that the Company will be able to consummate a Business Combination by this time. If a Business Combination is not consummated by such date and an extension has not been requested by the Sponsor and approved by the Company’s stockholders, there will be a mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution of the Company. Management has determined that the date for liquidation and subsequent dissolution as well as liquidity concerns raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statement does not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

In February 2022, an armed conflict escalated between Russia and Ukraine. The sanctions announced by the United States and other countries against Russia and Belarus following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine to date include restrictions on selling or importing goods, services, or technology in or from affected regions and travel bans and asset freezes impacting connected individuals and political, military, business, and financial organizations in Russia and Belarus. The United States and other countries could impose wider sanctions and take other actions should the conflict further escalate. Separately, in October 2023, Israel and certain Iranian-backed Palestinian forces began an armed conflict in Israel, the Gaza Strip, and surrounding areas, which threatens to spread to other Middle Eastern countries including Lebanon and Iran.

 

As a result of the ongoing Russia/Ukraine, Hamas/Israel conflicts and/or other future global conflicts, the Company’s ability to consummate a Business Combination, or the operations of a target business with which the Company ultimately consummates a Business Combination, may be materially and adversely affected. In addition, the Company’s ability to consummate a transaction may be dependent on the ability to raise equity and debt financing which may be impacted by these events, including as a result of increased market volatility, or decreased market liquidity in third-party financing being unavailable on terms acceptable to the Company or at all. The impact of this action and potential future sanctions on the world economy and the specific impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or ability to consummate a Business Combination are not yet determinable. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Inflation Reduction Act of 2022

 

On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the “IR Act”) was signed into federal law. The IR Act provides for, among other things, a new U.S. federal 1% excise tax on certain repurchases (including redemptions) of stock by publicly traded domestic (i.e., U.S.) corporations and certain domestic subsidiaries of publicly traded foreign corporations. The excise tax is imposed on the repurchasing corporation itself, not its stockholders from which shares are repurchased. The amount of the excise tax is generally 1% of the fair market value of the shares repurchased at the time of the repurchase. However, for purposes of calculating the excise tax, repurchasing corporations are permitted to net the fair market value of certain new stock issuances against the fair market value of stock repurchases during the same taxable year. In addition, certain exceptions apply to the excise tax. The U.S. Department of the Treasury (the “Treasury”) has been given authority to provide regulations and other guidance to carry out and prevent the abuse or avoidance of the excise tax. The IR Act applies only to repurchases that occur after December 31, 2022.

 

9

 

 

Any redemption or other repurchase that occurs after December 31, 2022, in connection with a Business Combination, extension vote or otherwise, may be subject to the excise tax. Whether and to what extent the Company would be subject to the excise tax in connection with a Business Combination, extension vote or otherwise would depend on a number of factors, including (i) the fair market value of the redemptions and repurchases in connection with the Business Combination, extension or otherwise, (ii) the structure of a Business Combination, (iii) the nature and amount of any “PIPE” or other equity issuances in connection with a Business Combination (or otherwise issued not in connection with a Business Combination but issued within the same taxable year of a Business Combination) and (iv) the content of regulations and other guidance from the Treasury. In addition, because the excise tax would be payable by the Company and not by the redeeming holders, the mechanics of any required payment of the excise tax have not been determined. The foregoing could cause a reduction in the cash available on hand to complete a Business Combination and in the Company’s ability to complete a Business Combination.

 

At this time, it has been determined that the IR Act tax provisions would have an impact to the Company’s fiscal 2023 tax provision as there were redemptions by the public stockholders in March 2023 and November 2023; as a result, the Company recorded $1,024,250 excise tax liability as of March 31, 2024. The Company will continue to monitor for updates to the Company’s business along with guidance issued with respect to the IR Act to determine whether any adjustments are needed to the Company’s tax provision in future periods.

 

Note 2 — Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements are presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, and include all normal and recurring adjustments that management of the Company considers necessary for a fair presentation of its financial position and operation results. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2024 or any future period. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on April 17, 2024.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

10

 

 

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing these consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, the Company’s management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported expenses during the reporting period.

 

Making estimates requires management to exercise significant judgment. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the consolidated financial statements, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change in the near term due to one or more future confirming events. Accordingly, the actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of six months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company had $8,051 and $172,535 in cash and did not have any cash equivalents as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

 

Investments Held in Trust Account

 

As of March 31, 2024, the assets held in the Trust Account were held in cash and U.S. Treasury securities. The Company classifies its U.S. Treasury securities as trading securities in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 320, “Investments—Debt and Equity Securities.” Trading securities are presented on balance sheets at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Gains and losses resulting from the change in fair value of these securities is included in gain on investments held in Trust Account in the accompanying statement of operations. The estimated fair values of all assets held in the Trust Account are determined using available market information and classified as Level 1 measurements.

 

Offering Costs

 

The Company complies with the requirements of FASB ASC Topic 340-10-S99-1, “Other Assets and Deferred Costs – SEC Materials” (“ASC 340-10-S99”) and SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 5A, “Expenses of Offering”. Offering costs were $8,365,339 consisting principally of underwriting, legal, accounting and other expenses that are directly related to the IPO and charged to stockholders’ equity upon the completion of the IPO.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740, “Income Taxes (“ASC 740”)”. ASC 740 requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for both the expected impact of differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax loss and tax credit carry forwards. ASC 740 additionally requires a valuation allowance to be established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

The Company’s effective tax rate was -66.17% and 18.58% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The effective tax rate differs from the statutory tax rate of 21% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, due to change in fair value of warrants and convertible notes, the change in valuation of deferred tax assets and non-deductible M&A costs.

 

ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. ASC 740 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim period, disclosure and transition.

 

11

 

 

While ASC 740 identifies usage of an effective annual tax rate for purposes of an interim provision, it does allow for estimating individual elements in the current period if they are significant, unusual or infrequent. Computing the effective tax rate for the Company is complicated due to the potential impact of the timing of any Business Combination expenses and the actual interest income that will be recognized during the year. The Company has taken a position as to the calculation of income tax expense in a current period based on ASC 740-270-25-3 which states, “If an entity is unable to estimate a part of its ordinary income (or loss) or the related tax (benefit) but is otherwise able to make a reasonable estimate, the tax (or benefit) applicable to the item that cannot be estimated shall be reported in the interim period in which the item is reported.” The Company believes its calculation to be a reliable estimate and allows it to properly take into account the usual elements that can impact its annualized book income and its impact on the effective tax rate. As such, the Company is computing its taxable income (loss) and associated income tax provision based on actual results through March 31, 2024.

 

The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position.

 

ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. ASC 740 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim period, disclosure and transition.

 

The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of March 31, 2024. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position.

 

The Company has identified the United States and the State of New York as its only “major” tax jurisdictions.

 

The Company may be subject to potential examination by federal and state taxing authorities in the areas of income taxes. These potential examinations may include questioning the timing and amount of deductions, the nexus of income among various tax jurisdictions and compliance with federal and state tax laws. The Company’s management does not expect that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will materially change over the next twelve months. 

 

Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company complies with accounting and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. The consolidated statements of operations include a presentation of income (loss) per redeemable share and income (loss) per non-redeemable share following the two-class method of income per share. In order to determine the net income (loss) attributable to both the redeemable shares and non-redeemable shares, the Company first considered the undistributed income (loss) allocable to both the redeemable shares and non-redeemable shares and the undistributed income (loss) is calculated using the total net loss less any dividends paid. The Company then allocated the undistributed income (loss) ratably based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding between the redeemable and non-redeemable shares. Any remeasurement of the accretion to redemption value of the common stock subject to possible redemption was considered to be dividends paid to the public stockholders. As of March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company did not have any dilutive securities and other contracts that could, potentially, be exercised or converted into common stock and then share in the earnings of the Company. As a result, diluted loss per share is the same as basic loss per share for the period presented.

 

12

 

 

The net income (loss) per share presented in the consolidated statement of operations is based on the following:

 

  

For the Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
   2023   2023 
Net income (loss)  $(123,223)  $1,120,611 
Accretion of common stock to redemption value(1)   (254,594)   (1,322,195)
Net loss including accretion of common stock to redemption value  $(377,817)  $(201,584)

 

   For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024
   For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
 
   Redeemable
share
   Non-
redeemable
shares
   Redeemable
shares
   Non-
redeemable
shares
 
Basic and diluted net income/(loss) per share:                
Numerator:                
Allocation of net income (loss) including accretion of common stock  $(128,752)  $(249,065)  $(155,110)  $(46,474)
Accretion of common stock to redemption value(1)   254,594    
    1,322,195    
 
Allocation of net income (loss)  $125,842   $(249,065)  $1,167,085   $(46,474)
                     
Denominator:                    
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding
   1,760,194    3,405,000    11,364,370    3,405,000 
Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share
  $0.07   $(0.07)  $0.10   $(0.01)

 

(1) Accretion amount includes fees deposited into the Trust Account to extend the time for the Company to complete the Business Combination and franchise and income taxes paid out of the Trust Account.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist of a cash account in a financial institution and money market funds held in the Trust Account. The Company has not experienced losses on this account and management believes the Company is not exposed to significant risks on such account.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

FASB ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” defines fair value, the methods used to measure fair value and the expanded disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between the buyer and the seller at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and cost approach shall be used to measure fair value. FASB ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy for inputs, which represent the assumptions used by the buyer and seller in pricing the asset or liability. These inputs are further defined as observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs are those that buyer and seller would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s assumptions about the inputs that the buyer and seller would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances.

 

13

 

 

The fair value hierarchy is categorized into three levels based on the inputs as follows:

 

Level 1 —  Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Valuation adjustments and block discounts are not being applied. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these securities does not entail a significant degree of judgment.

 

Level 2 —  Valuations based on (i) quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, (ii) quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar assets, (iii) inputs other than quoted prices for the assets or liabilities, or (iv) inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by market through correlation or other means.

 

Level 3 —  Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

 

The fair value of the Company’s certain assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, and other current assets, accrued expenses, due to sponsor are estimated to approximate the carrying values as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 due to the short maturities of such instruments. See Note 9 for the disclosure of the Company’s assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

Convertible Promissory Notes

 

The Company initially accounted for its convertible promissory notes under ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” and elected the fair value option under ASC 825. Using the fair value option method, each convertible promissory note is required to be recorded at its initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the notes are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the statements of operations.

 

Subsequently, the conversion feature of the convertible promissory notes was amended on May 15, 2023; the holder of the convertible promissory notes, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the convertible promissory notes into common stocks of the Company (see Note 6). As a result, the Company assessed the change in conversion feature and determined that the convertible promissory notes should be recorded as debt (liability) at cash proceeds on the balance sheet. The Company’s assessment of the embedded conversion feature considered the derivative scope exception guidance under ASC 815 pertaining to equity classification of contracts in an entity’s own equity.

 

The Company’s assessment was also based on ASC 470-50 – Debt Modifications and Exchanges; management determined that the amended conversion option (which is based on shares of the Company’s common stocks) is substantially different from the original conversion option (which was based on units). Since each unit consists of one share of common stock, one share of right convertible into one-tenth (1/10) of one share of common stock upon the consummation of a Business Combination, the original conversion option offers at least 10% more shares of common stock (including underlying shares from the rights conversion) than the amended conversion option. As such, a remeasurement under ASC 825 has occurred and the previously selected fair value option is no longer applied. The convertible promissory notes were recorded as debt (liability) at cash proceeds on the balance sheet effective May 15, 2023.

 

For all newly issued and unmodified convertible promissory notes, the Company elects an early adoption of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) (“ASU 2020-06”) and accounts for newly issued s as debt (liability) on the balance sheet. The Company considers the derivative scope exception guidance under ASC 815 pertaining to equity classification of contracts in an entity’s own equity.

 

Warrants

 

The Company accounts for warrants (Public Warrants or Private Warrants) as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”) and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). The assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the warrants meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the warrant holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the warrants are outstanding.

 

For issued or modified warrants that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as a component of equity at the time of issuance. For issued or modified warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as liabilities at their initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the warrants are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the statements of operations. The Company accounts for its Public Warrants as equity and the Private Warrants as liabilities.

 

14

 

 

Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

 

The Company accounts for its common stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” Common stock subject to mandatory redemption (if any) are classified as a liability instrument and are measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable common stock (including common stock that feature redemption rights that is either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, common stock is classified as stockholders’ equity. The Company’s common stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of the Company’s control and subject to occurrence of uncertain future events. The Company recognizes changes in redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of redeemable common stock to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period. Increases or decreases in the carrying number of shares of redeemable common stock are affected by charges against additional paid in capital or accumulated deficit if additional paid in capital equals to zero.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In December 2023, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosure (“ASU 2023-09”). ASU 2023-09 mostly requires, on an annual basis, disclosure of specific categories in an entity’s effective tax rate reconciliation and income taxes paid disaggregated by jurisdiction. The incremental disclosures may be presented on a prospective or retrospective basis. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact, if any, that ASU 2023-09 would have on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not effective, accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3 — Cash and Investment Held in Trust Account

 

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, investment securities in the Company’s Trust Account consisted of $19,578,086 and $19,256,423 in cash and U.S. Treasury securities, respectively.

 

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value.

 

   March 31,
2024
   Quoted
Prices in
Active 
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable 
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets                
Marketable securities held in Trust Account  $19,578,086   $19,578,086    
    
 

 

   December 31,
2023
   Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets                
Marketable securities held in Trust Account  $19,256,423   $19,256,423    
    
 

 

15

 

 

Note 4 — Initial Public Offering

 

On April 4, 2022, pursuant to its initial public offering (the “IPO”), the Company sold 10,000,000 Public Units at $10.00 per Public Unit, generating gross proceeds of $100,000,000. The Company granted the underwriters a 45-day option to purchase up to 1,500,000 additional Public Units to cover over-allotments, if any. On April 7, 2022, the underwriters exercised the over-allotment option in full and purchased 1,500,000 Public Units at a price of $10.00 per Public Unit, generating gross proceeds of $15,000,000. Each Public Unit consists of one share of common stock (“Public Share”), one right (“Public Right”) and one redeemable warrant (“Public Warrant”). Each Public Right will convert into one-tenth (1/10) of one share of common stock upon the consummation of a Business Combination. Each Public Warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment. The Public Warrants will become exercisable on the later of the completion of the Company’s initial Business Combination or 12 months from the closing of the IPO, and will expire five years after the completion of the Company’s initial Business Combination or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.

 

All of the 11,500,000 Public Shares sold as part of the Public Units in the IPO contain a redemption feature which allows for the redemption of such Public Shares if there is a stockholder vote or tender offer in connection with the Business Combination and in connection with certain amendments to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, or in connection with the Company’s liquidation. In accordance with the SEC and its staff’s guidance on redeemable equity instruments, which has been codified in ASC 480-10-S99, redemption provisions not solely within the control of the Company require common stock subject to redemption to be classified outside of permanent equity.

 

The Company’s redeemable common stock is subject to SEC and its staff’s guidance on redeemable equity instruments, which has been codified in ASC 480-10-S99. If it is probable that the equity instrument will become redeemable, the Company has the option to either accrete changes in the redemption value over the period from the date of issuance (or from the date that it becomes probable that the instrument will become redeemable, if later) to the earliest redemption date of the instrument or to recognize changes in the redemption value immediately as they occur and adjust the carrying amount of the instrument to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period. The Company has elected to recognize the changes immediately. The accretion or remeasurement is treated as a deemed dividend (i.e., a reduction to retained earnings, or in absence of retained earnings, additional paid-in capital).

 

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the shares of common stock reflected on the balance sheet are reconciled in the following table.

 

Gross proceeds  $115,000,000 
Less:     
Proceeds allocated to Public Warrants   (10,695,000)
Proceeds allocated to Public Rights   (9,430,000)
Offering costs of Public Shares   (6,901,405)
Plus:     
Accretion of carrying value to redemption value   29,388,057 
Common stock subject to possible redemption– December 31, 2022  $117,361,652 
Plus:     
Accretion of carrying value to redemption value   3,627,865 
Redeemed common stock payable to public stockholders   (102,424,861)
Common stock subject to possible redemption– December 31, 2023  $18,564,656 
Plus:     
Accretion of carrying value to redemption value   254,594 
Common stock subject to possible redemption– March 31, 2024  $18,819,250 

 

Note 5 — Private Placement 

 

Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, the Sponsor and Chardan purchased an aggregate of 477,500 Private Units at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit for an aggregate purchase price of $4,775,000 in a private placement. Simultaneously with the closing of the over-allotment option, the Company consummated the sale of an additional aggregate of 52,500 Private Units with the Sponsor and Chardan at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit, generating total proceeds of $525,000. The Private Units are identical to the Public Units except with respect to certain registration rights and transfer restrictions and the private warrants, which have terms and provisions that are identical to those of the warrants being sold as part of the units in the IPO, except that the private warrants (i) will be exercisable either for cash or on a cashless basis at the holder’s option and (ii) will not be redeemable by the Company, in either case as long as the private warrants are held by the initial purchasers or any of their permitted transferees. The net proceeds from the Private Units were added to the proceeds from the IPO to be held in the Trust Account. If the Company does not complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period, the proceeds from the sale of the Private Units will be used to fund the redemption of the Public Shares (subject to the requirements of applicable law), and the Private Units and all underlying securities will expire worthless.

 

16

 

 

Note 6 — Related Party Transactions

 

Insider Shares

 

On January 4, 2022, the Company issued 2,875,000 shares of common stock (the “Insider Shares”) to the Initial Stockholders for an aggregate consideration of $25,000, or approximately $0.009 per share. As a result of the underwriters’ full exercise of their over-allotment option on April 7, 2022, no insider shares are currently subject to forfeiture. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were 2,875,000 Insider Shares issued and outstanding.

 

The Initial Stockholders have agreed, subject to certain limited exceptions, not to transfer, assign or sell any of their Insider Shares until, with respect to 50% of the Insider Shares, the earlier of six months after the consummation of a Business Combination and the date on which the closing price of the common stock equals or exceeds $12.50 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period commencing after a Business Combination and, with respect to the remaining 50% of the Insider Shares, until the six months after the consummation of a Business Combination, or earlier, in either case, if, subsequent to a Business Combination, the Company completes a liquidation, merger, stock exchange or other similar transaction which results in all of the Company’s stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for cash, securities or other property. 

 

Promissory Notes — Related Party

 

On January 4, 2022 and February 28, 2022, the Sponsor agreed to loan the Company up to an aggregate amount of $200,000 to be used, in part, for transaction costs incurred in connection with the IPO (the “Promissory Notes”). The Promissory Notes were unsecured, interest-free and due on the closing the IPO. The Company repaid the outstanding balance of $200,000 to the Sponsor on April 7 and April 8, 2022. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had no borrowings under the Promissory Notes.

 

On March 22, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $150,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 1”). On March 30, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $360,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 2”). These promissory notes are payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the promissory notes, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory notes into Private Units of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per unit, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On May 15, 2023, the conversion feature of Convertible Note 1 and Convertible Note 2 was amended; the holder of the promissory notes, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory notes into shares of common stock of the Company, at a conversion price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On June 28, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $360,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 3”). Convertible Note 3 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 3, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On August 29, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $150,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 4”). Convertible Note 4 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 4, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On September 25, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $120,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 5”). Convertible Note 5 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 5, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On November 27, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $400,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 6”). Convertible Note 6 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 6, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, a total amount of $1,540,000 was outstanding under promissory notes.

 

Related Party Loans

 

In addition, in order to finance transaction costs in connection with searching for a target business or consummating an intended initial business combination, the initial stockholders, officers, directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be required. In the event that the initial business combination does not close, the Company may use a portion of the working capital held outside the trust account to repay such loaned amounts, but no proceeds from the Trust Account would be used for such repayment. Such loans would be evidenced by promissory notes. The notes would either be paid upon consummation of our initial business combination, without interest, or, at the lender’s discretion, up to $500,000 of the notes may be converted upon consummation of the Company’s business combination into private units at a price of $10.00 per unit. The purchase price of these units will approximate the fair value of such units when issued. However, if it is determined, at the time of issuance, that the fair value of such units exceeds the purchase price, the Company would record compensation expense for the excess of the fair value of the units on the day of issuance over the purchase price in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718 - Compensation - Stock Compensation.

 

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had no borrowings under the working capital loans.

 

17

 

 

Administrative Services Agreement

 

The Company entered into an agreement, commencing on the effective date of the IPO through the earlier of the Company’s consummation of a Business Combination and its liquidation, to pay the Sponsor a total of $10,000 per month for office space, utilities, secretarial and administrative support. However, pursuant to the terms of such agreement, the Sponsor agreed to defer the payment of such monthly fee. Any such unpaid amount will accrue without interest and be due and payable no later than the date of the consummation of initial Business Combination. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company incurred $30,000 and $30,000, respectively, in fees for these services, of which $240,000 and $210,000 were included in accrued expenses in the accompanying balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

 

Note 7 — Commitments and Contingencies

 

Registration Rights

 

The holders of the insider shares, the private units, securities underlying the Unit Purchase Option and any units that may be issued upon conversion of working capital loans or extension loans (and any securities underlying the private units or units issued upon conversion of the working capital loans or extension loans) will be entitled to registration rights pursuant to a registration rights agreement signed on the effective date of the IPO. The holders of a majority of these securities are entitled to make up to two demands (or one demand with respect to the securities underlying the Unit Purchase Option) that the Company register such securities. The holders of the majority of the Insider Shares can elect to exercise these registration rights at any time commencing three months prior to the date on which these shares of common stock are to be released from escrow. The holders of a majority of the private units and units issued in payment of working capital loans made to us can elect to exercise these registration rights at any time commencing on the date that the Company consummate an initial business combination. In addition, the holders have certain “piggy-back” registration rights with respect to registration statements filed subsequent to the consummation of an initial business combination. Furthermore, notwithstanding the foregoing, pursuant to FINRA Rule 5110, Chardan may not exercise its demand and “piggyback” registration rights after five and seven years, respectively, after the commencement of sales of this offering and may not exercise its demand rights on more than one occasion. The Company will bear the expenses incurred in connection with the filing of any such registration statements. 

 

Underwriting Agreement

 

Pursuant to an underwriting agreement in connection with the IPO, the Company granted Chardan, the representative of the underwriters, a 45-day option from the date of the prospectus for the IPO to purchase up to 1,500,000 additional Public Units to cover over-allotments, if any, at the IPO price less the underwriting discounts and commissions. On April 7, 2022, Chardan exercised the over-allotment option in full (see Note 4).

 

The underwriters were paid a cash underwriting discount of 2.5% of the gross proceeds of the IPO (including the exercise of the over-allotment option), or $2,875,000. In addition, the underwriters will be entitled to a deferred fee of 3.75% of the gross proceeds of the IPO (including the exercise of the over-allotment option), or $4,312,500, which will be paid upon the closing of a Business Combination from the amounts held in the Trust Account, subject to the terms of the underwriting agreement.

 

Unit Purchase Option

 

Simultaneously with the IPO (including the closing of the over-allotment option), the Company sold to Chardan, for $100, an option (the “Unit Purchase Option”) to purchase 345,000 units exercisable at $11.50 per unit (or an aggregate exercise price of $3,967,500) commencing on the later of six months from the effective date of the registration statement related to the IPO and the consummation of a Business Combination. The Unit Purchase Option may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis, at the holder’s option, and expires five years from the effective date of the registration statement related to the IPO. The units issuable upon exercise of the Unit Purchase Option are identical to those offered in the IPO. The Company accounts for the Unit Purchase Option, inclusive of the receipt of $100 cash payment, as an expense of the IPO resulting in a charge directly to stockholders’ equity. The Unit Purchase Option and such units purchased pursuant to the Unit Purchase Option, as well as the common stock underlying such units, the rights included in such units, the shares of common stock that are issuable for the rights included in such units, the warrants included in such units, and the shares underlying such warrants, have been deemed compensation by FINRA and are therefore subject to a 180-day lock-up pursuant to FINRA Rule 5110(e)(1). The Unit Purchase Option grants to holders demand and “piggy back” rights for periods of five and seven years, respectively, from the effective date of the registration statement with respect to the registration under the Securities Act of the securities directly and indirectly issuable upon exercise of the Unit Purchase Option. The Company will bear all fees and expenses attendant to registering the securities, other than underwriting commissions which will be paid for by the holders themselves. The exercise price and number of units issuable upon exercise of the Unit Purchase Option may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a stock dividend, or the Company’s recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. However, the option will not be adjusted for issuances of common stock at a price below its exercise price.

 

18

 

 

Right of First Refusal

 

The Company has granted Chardan a right of first refusal, for a period of 18 months after the date of the consummation of a Business Combination, to act as a book-running manager or placement agent, with at least 30% of the economics, for any and all future public and private equity, equity linked and debt offerings of the Company or any of its successors or subsidiaries.

 

Financial Advisor - Chardan

 

Chardan was independently retained as M&A and capital markets advisor by each of Redwoods (in April of 2022) and ANEW (in October of 2022) in connection with possible business combinations and related transactions that each was considering, including (eventually) the Merger. When Redwoods and ANEW commenced discussions in March of 2023 related to the Merger, Redwoods and ANEW consented to such dual representation in connection with the Merger and waived any conflicts of interest arising therefrom. On August 25, 2023, Redwoods received Chardan’s formal resignation from its previous engagement as Redwood’s M&A and capital markets advisor in connection with the Merger and of the fees to which Chardan would have been entitled for such engagement upon the closing of the Merger. Chardan’s letter indicated that it would continue its representation of ANEW in connection with the Merger and that Chardan was not waiving its entitlement to receive from Redwoods the deferred IPO underwriting commission described in Redwoods’ IPO prospectus. Upon the closing of the Merger, Chardan will be entitled to $4,312,500 in deferred IPO underwriting commissions from Redwoods.

 

Financial Advisor – Del Mar Global Advisors Limited (“Del Mar”)

 

On November 29, 2023, Redwoods and Del Mar executed a Consultant Agreement pursuant to which Del Mar is serving as a financial advisor to Redwoods on a consultancy basis. Redwoods has no prior relationship with Del Mar. At closing the business combination, 240,000 shares will be issued to Del Mar as financial advisor compensation to Redwoods. The 240,000 shares of Redwoods common stock are valued at $2,400,000 or $10 per share. Del Mar will retain an ownership interest of 2.2% of the issued and outstanding shares of the Combined Company’s Common Stock.

 

Contingent Legal Fees

 

The Company engaged a legal counsel firm for legal advisory services, and the legal counsel agreed to defer their fees in excess of $200,000. The contingent fee will become payable in the event that the Company completes a Business Combination. In the event that the Business Combination does not close and the Company receive a break-up fee or similar payment from the target company, The Company agrees to pay the legal counsel the balance of legal fees, up to the lesser of (i) one-half of the amount received from the target company, and (ii) $500,000. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had deferred legal fees of approximately $1.5 million and $1.2 million, respectively, in connection with such services.

 

Note 8 — Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock — The Company is authorized to issue 50,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Holders of the common stock are entitled to one vote for each share. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were 3,405,000 shares of common stock issued and outstanding (excluding 1,760,194 shares and 11,500,000 shares subject to possible redemption, respectively).

 

Rights — Each holder of a right will receive one-tenth (1/10) of one share of common stock upon consummation of a Business Combination, even if the holder of such right redeemed all shares held by it in connection with a Business Combination. No fractional shares will be issued upon conversion of the rights. No additional consideration will be required to be paid by a holder of rights in order to receive its additional shares upon consummation of a Business Combination, as the consideration related thereto has been included in the unit purchase price paid for by investors in the IPO. If the Company enters into a definitive agreement for a Business Combination in which the Company will not be the surviving entity, the definitive agreement will provide for the holders of rights to receive the same per share consideration the holders of the common stock will receive in the transaction on an as-converted into common stock basis and each holder of a right will be required to affirmatively covert its rights in order to receive 1/10 share underlying each right (without paying additional consideration). The shares issuable upon conversion of the rights will be freely tradable (except to the extent held by affiliates of the Company). 

 

If the Company is unable to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period and the Company liquidates the funds held in the Trust Account, holders of rights will not receive any of such funds with respect to their rights, nor will they receive any distribution from the Company’s assets held outside of the Trust Account with respect to such rights, and the rights will expire worthless. Further, there are no contractual penalties for failure to deliver securities to the holders of the rights upon consummation of a Business Combination. Additionally, in no event will the Company be required to net cash settle the rights. Accordingly, holders of the rights might not receive the shares of common stock underlying the rights. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were 12,030,000 rights issued and outstanding.

 

Warrants — Each redeemable warrant entitles the holder thereof to purchase one share of common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as described in this prospectus. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were 12,030,000 warrants issued and outstanding. The warrants will become exercisable on the later of the completion of an initial Business Combination and 12 months from the closing of the IPO. However, no Public Warrants will be exercisable for cash unless the Company has an effective and current registration statement covering the issuance of the common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants and a current prospectus relating to such common stock. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a registration statement covering the issuance of the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Public Warrants is not effective within 90 days from the closing of the Company’s initial Business Combination, warrant holders may, until such time as there is an effective registration statement and during any period when we shall have failed to maintain an effective registration statement, exercise warrants on a cashless basis pursuant to an available exemption from registration under the Securities Act. If an exemption from registration is not available, holders will not be able to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis. The warrants will expire five years from the closing of the Company’s initial Business Combination at 5:00 p.m., New York City time or earlier redemption.

 

19

 

 

In addition, if (x) the Company issues additional shares of common stock or equity-linked securities for capital raising purposes in connection with the closing of the Company’s initial Business Combination at an issue price or effective issue price of less than $9.50 per share (with such issue price or effective issue price to be determined in good faith by our board of directors), (y) the aggregate gross proceeds from such issuances represent more than 60% of the total equity proceeds, and interest thereon, available for the funding of the Company’s initial Business Combination, and (z) the volume weighted average trading price of the Company’s common stock during the 20 trading day period starting on the trading day prior to the day on which the Company consummates its initial Business Combination (such price, the “Market Price”) is below $9.50 per share, the exercise price of the warrants will be adjusted (to the nearest cent) to be equal to 115% of the Market Price, and the $16.50 per share redemption trigger price described below will be adjusted (to the nearest cent) to be equal to 165% of the Market Value.

 

The Company may redeem the outstanding Public Warrants at any time while the warrants are exercisable:

 

  in whole and not in part;
     
  at a price of $0.01 per warrant;
     
  upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption, which the Company refers to as the 30-day redemption period;
     
  if, and only if, the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $16.50 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the to the warrant holders.

 

If the Company calls the Public Warrants for redemption, management will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise the Public Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis,” as described in the warrant agreement. In such event, each holder would pay the exercise price by surrendering the whole warrants for that number of shares of common stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of common stock underlying the warrants, multiplied by the difference between the exercise price of the warrants and the “fair market value” (defined below) by (y) the fair market value. The “fair market value” shall mean the average reported last sale price of the common stock for the 10 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of warrants. 

 

Except as described above, no warrants will be exercisable and the Company will not be obligated to issue common stock unless at the time a holder seeks to exercise such warrant, a prospectus relating to the common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants is current and the common stock have been registered or qualified or deemed to be exempt under the securities laws of the state of residence of the holder of the warrants. Under the terms of the warrant agreement, the Company has agreed to use its best efforts to meet these conditions and to maintain a current prospectus relating to the common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants until the expiration of the warrants. However, the Company cannot assure that it will be able to do so and, if the Company does not maintain a current prospectus relating to the common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants, holders will be unable to exercise their warrants and the Company will not be required to settle any such warrant exercise. If the prospectus relating to the common stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrants is not current or if the common stock is not qualified or exempt from qualification in the jurisdictions in which the holders of the warrants reside, the Company will not be required to net cash settle or cash settle the warrant exercise, the warrants may have no value, the market for the warrants may be limited and the warrants may expire worthless.

 

The private warrants have terms and provisions that are identical to those of the warrants being sold as part of the units in the IPO, except that the private warrants (i) will be exercisable either for cash or on a cashless basis at the holder’s option and (ii) will not be redeemable by the Company, in either case as long as the private warrants are held by the initial purchasers or any of their permitted transferees. 

 

Note 9 — Fair Value Measurements

 

The fair value of the Company’s consolidated financial assets and liabilities reflects management’s estimate of amounts that the Company would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid in connection with the transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from independent sources) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (internal assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable inputs and unobservable inputs used in order to value the assets and liabilities:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for an asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
   
Level 2: Observable inputs other than Level 1 inputs. Examples of Level 2 inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs based on the assessment of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

 

20

 

 

The following table presents information about the Company’s liabilities that are measured at fair value on March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value:

 

   March 31,
2024
   Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant 
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Liabilities:                
Warrant liability  $41,340    
    
   $41,340 

 

   December 31,
2023
   Quoted 
Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant 
Other
Observable 
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant 
Other
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Liabilities:                
Warrant liability  $58,300    
    
   $58,300 

 

The private warrants are accounted for as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815-40 and are presented within warrant liabilities on the balance sheet. Changes in the fair value of the warrants are recorded in the statement of operations each period.

 

The table below shows the change in fair value of warrant liabilities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

 

   Private
Warrants
   Total 
Fair value at January 1, 2023  $31,800   $31,800 
Change in fair value   26,500    26,500 
Fair value as of December 31, 2023   58,300    58,300 
Change in fair value   (16,960)   (16,960)
Fair value as of March 31, 2024  $41,340   $41,340 

 

The Company established the initial fair value for the private warrants at $587,717 (including over-allotment) on April 4, 2022, the date of the Company’s IPO, using the Black-Scholes model. The Company allocated the proceeds received from the sale of Private Units, first to the private warrants based on their fair values as determined at initial measurement, with the remaining proceeds recorded as common stock subject to possible redemption, and common stock based on their relative fair values recorded at the initial measurement date. The warrants were classified as Level 3 at the initial measurement date due to the use of unobservable inputs.

 

The key inputs into the Black-Scholes model were as follows at their measurement date:

 

   March 31,
2024
   December 31,
2023
 
Exercise Price  $11.50   $11.50 
Underlying share price  $11.97   $10.70 
Expected Volatility   5.40%   3.51%
Warrant life (years)   5.0    5.0 
Risk-free rate   4.21%   3.84%

 

The fair value of the Convertible Note 1 was estimated at the as converted value at March 31, 2023 and initial measurement date of March 22, 2023 to be $13,930 and $13,910, respectively. The fair value of the Convertible Note 2 was estimated at the as converted value at March 31, 2023 and initial measurement date of March 30, 2023 to be $33,400 and $33,400, respectively. The binomial tree model was used for the underlying warrants based on the following key assumptions which were unchanged as of March 31, 2023.

 

21

 

 

   March 31,
2023
Convertible
Note 2
   March 22,
2023
Convertible
Note 1
 
Strike Price  $10.00   $10.00 
Spot Price  $10.28   $10.26 
Time to maturity   0.68    0.70 
Business combination success rate   9%   9%
Expected Volatility   5.0%   5.0%
Expected dividend rate   0%   0%
Risk-free rate   4.8%   4.7%

 

The following table presents the changes in the fair value of the Level 3 Convertible Notes:

 

Fair value as of January 1, 2023  $
 
Proceeds received through Convertible Note 1 on March 22, 2023   150,000 
Proceeds received through Convertible Note 2 on March 30, 2023   360,000 
Change in valuation inputs or other assumptions   (462,670)
Fair value as of March 31, 2023  $47,330 

 

As a result of amendments to the conversion feature of Convertible Note 1 and Convertible Note 2, a remeasurement under ASC 825 has occurred and the previously selected fair value option is no longer applied. The convertible promissory notes were recorded as debt (liability) at cash proceeds on the balance sheet effective May 15, 2023. As of December 31, 2023, the Convertible Note 1 and Convertible Note 2 were recorded at $150,000 and $360,000, respectively, based on the cash proceeds on March 22, 2023 and March 30, 2023.

 

Note 10 — Subsequent Events

 

In accordance with ASC 855, “Subsequent Events,” the Company evaluated subsequent events and transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date up to the date that the consolidated financial statements were issued. Based on this review, as further disclosed in the footnotes and except as disclosed below, the Company did not identify any subsequent events that would have required disclosure in the consolidated financial statements.

 

On April 12, 2024, the Company completed its special meeting that was originally convened and adjourned on March 8, 2024. At the special meeting holders of 4,189,027 shares of common stock of the Company were present in person or by proxy, representing 81% of the total shares of common stock as of February 16, 2024, the record date for the special meeting, and constituting a quorum for the transaction of business. At the special meeting, the stockholders approved the business combination proposal, the charter proposal, the governance proposal, the incentive plan proposal, the director election proposal and the Nasdaq proposal. The Company plans to close the business combination transaction as soon as possible and will continue to accept reversal of redemption requests until closing.

 

On April 16, 2024, the Company entered into a Side Letter to Business Combination Agreement by and among the Company, the Merger Sub and ANEW pursuant to which the parties agreed to extend the Termination Date to June 4, 2024.

 

On May 9, 2024, the Company entered into a non-redemption agreement (the “Non-Redemption Agreement”) with certain investors named therein (each, a “Backstop Investor”), each acting on behalf of certain funds, investors, entities or accounts that are managed, sponsored or advised by each such Backstop Investor or its affiliates. Pursuant to the Non-Redemption Agreement, the Backstop Investors agreed that, on or prior to Closing, the Backstop Investors will rescind or reverse their previous election to redeem an aggregate of up 360,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Backstop Shares”), which redemption requests were made in connection with the special meeting of the Company’s stockholders held on April 12, 2024 for the purpose of approving the transactions (the “Transactions”) contemplated by that certain business combination agreement, dated May 30, 2023, by and among the Company, ANEW MEDICAL, INC., a Wyoming corporation, and ANEW MEDICAL SUB, INC., a Wyoming corporation. The Company agreed to accept any request to rescind or reverse redemption requests made no later than two business days prior to the closing of the Transactions promptly once submitted by the Backstop Investors.

 

Upon consummation of the Transactions, the Company shall pay or cause to be paid to each Backstop Investor a payment in respect of its respective Backstop Shares in cash released from the Company’s trust account in an amount equal to the product of (x) the number of Backstop Shares and (y) the Redemption Price (as defined below), less $5.00.

 

As of May 8, 2024, the Company has received requests to redeem a total of 1,589,776 of the Shares. As of May 8, 2024, the pro rata portion of the Trust Account each public share would be entitled to receive upon redemption (the “Redemption Price”) is approximately $11.20 per share (prior to the deduction of any applicable taxes). Stockholders who wish to withdraw their previously submitted redemption requests may do so by requesting the Company’s transfer agent, Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, to return such shares. Based on the redemption requests received as of the date hereof, the Company will have a total of 170,418 Shares outstanding following redemptions.

 

22

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

References in this report (this “Quarterly Report”) to “we,” “us” or the “Company” refer to Redwoods Acquisition Corp. References to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report, including, without limitation, statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding the search for an initial business combination, the Company’s financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “seek” and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management’s current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company’s final prospectus for its initial public offering filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Company’s filings with the SEC can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

Overview

 

We are a blank check company incorporated in Delaware on March 16, 2021. We were formed for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more target businesses, which we refer to herein as our “initial business combination.” We intend to effectuate our initial business combination using cash from the proceeds of our initial public offering (“IPO” as defined below) and the private placement of Private Units (as defined below), our securities, debt or a combination of cash, securities and debt.

 

We expect to continue to incur significant costs in the pursuit of our acquisition plans. We cannot assure you that our plans to complete an initial business combination will be successful.

 

ANEW Business Combination

 

On May 30, 2023, we entered into a business combination agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) by and among the Company, ANEW Medical Sub, Inc., a Wyoming corporation (“Merger Sub”), and ANEW Medical, Inc., a Wyoming corporation (“ANEW”). The Business Combination Agreement provides, among other things, that on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub will merge with and into ANEW, with ANEW as the surviving company in the merger and, after giving effect to such merger, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). Upon the closing of the Merger, the Company will change its name to “ANEW Medical, Inc.”

 

23

 

 

Under the Business Combination Agreement, we will acquire all of the outstanding equity interests of ANEW in exchange for shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), based on an implied ANEW equity value of $60,000,000, to be paid to ANEW stockholders at the effective time of the Merger. In addition, certain ANEW stockholders will be issued additional shares of Common Stock (the “Contingent Consideration Shares”), which will be issued as follows: (i) 2,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $12.50 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; (ii) 2,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $15.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; and (iii) 1,000,000 Contingent Consideration Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $20.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first five years following the closing of the Merger.

 

In connection with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, the Sponsor and other persons party thereto (together with the Sponsor, collectively, the “Company Insiders”), entered into a support agreement with the Company and ANEW (the “Sponsor Support Agreement”). Under the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor agreed to vote, at any meeting of the stockholders of the Company and in any action by written consent of the stockholders of the Company, all of such Sponsor’s 2,875,000 shares of common stock (the “Founder Shares”) and 530,000 Private Units, each consisting of one share of Common Stock (such shares, together with the Founder Shares, the “Supporter Shares”), one warrant and one right, (i) in favor of (a) the Business Combination Agreement and each ancillary document to which the Company is a party and the transactions contemplated thereby and (b) the other proposals that the Company and ANEW agreed in the Business Combination Agreement shall be submitted at such meeting for approval by the Company’s stockholders together with the proposal to approve the Merger, (ii) approval of the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws and (iii) against any other action that would reasonably be expected to impede, interfere with or adversely affect the Merger. The Sponsor Support Agreement also prohibits the Sponsor from, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, selling, assigning or transferring any Supporter Shares held by the Sponsor or taking any action that would have the effect of preventing or materially delaying the Sponsor from performing its obligations under the Sponsor Support Agreement. In addition, in the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor agreed to waive, and not to assert or claim, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any anti-dilution protection pursuant to the organizational documents of the Company in connection with the Merger.

 

The Sponsor Support Agreement commits 1,375,000 Founder Shares (the “Deferred Shares”) to a share escrow account which will be established at the closing of the Merger pursuant to an escrow agreement to be entered into on such date by and among the Company, the Company Insiders and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as escrow agent. The Deferred Shares will be released from the escrow account as follows: (i) 458,333 Deferred Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $12.50 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; (ii) 458,333 Deferred Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $15.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first three years following the closing of the Merger; and (iii) 458,333 Deferred Shares upon the Company achieving a closing price equal to or exceeding $20.00 for 10 trading days within a 20-day trading period in the first five years following the closing of the Merger.

 

In connection with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, certain ANEW stockholders (the “ANEW Supporting Stockholders”) entered into a voting and support agreement with the Company and ANEW (the “ANEW Support Agreement”). Under the ANEW Support Agreement, each ANEW Supporting Stockholder agreed that, at any meeting of ANEW’s stockholders related to the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, each such ANEW Supporting Stockholder will appear at the meeting or otherwise cause its shares to be voted (i) in favor of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, and authorize and approve any amendment to ANEW’s governing documents that is deemed necessary or advisable by ANEW to effect the Merger; and (ii) against any other action would reasonably be expected to impede, interfere with or adversely affect the Merger.

 

The ANEW Support Agreement also restricts the ANEW Supporting Stockholders from, among other things, selling, assigning or otherwise transferring any of its shares unless the buyer, assignee or transferee thereof executes a joinder agreement to the ANEW Support Agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Company.

 

On November 4, 2023, the Company entered into Amendment No. 1 to the Business Combination (the “Amendment”) with the other parties thereto. The Amendment extends the termination date under the Business Combination Agreement from November 4, 2023 to March 4, 2024 (the “Termination Date”); provided, further, that (i) the right to terminate the Business Combination Agreement will not be available to the Company if any Company party’s breach of any of its covenants or obligations under the Business Combination Agreement will have proximately caused the failure to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement on or before the Termination Date, and (ii) the right to terminate the Business Combination Agreement will not be available to the Company if the Company’s breach of its covenants or obligations under the Business Combination Agreement will have proximately caused the failure to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement on or before the Termination Date.

 

24

 

 

On April 12, 2024, the Company held a special meeting of stockholders to, among other things, approve the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereunder. At the special meeting holders of 4,189,027 shares of common stock of the Company were present in person or by proxy, representing 81% of the total shares of common stock as of February 16, 2024, the record date for the special meeting, and constituting a quorum for the transaction of business. At the special meeting, the stockholders approved the business combination proposal, the charter proposal, the governance proposal, the incentive plan proposal, the director election proposal and the Nasdaq proposal. The Company plans to close the business combination transaction as soon as possible, subject to the satisfaction of the closing condition set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

 

On April 16, 2024, the Company entered into a Side Letter to Business Combination Agreement by and among the Company, the Merger Sub and ANEW pursuant to which the parties agreed to extend the Termination Date to June 4, 2024.

 

On May 9, 2024, the Company entered into a non-redemption agreement (the “Non-Redemption Agreement”) with certain investors named therein (each, a “Backstop Investor”), each acting on behalf of certain funds, investors, entities or accounts that are managed, sponsored or advised by each such Backstop Investor or its affiliates. Pursuant to the Non-Redemption Agreement, the Backstop Investors agreed that, on or prior to Closing, the Backstop Investors will rescind or reverse their previous election to redeem an aggregate of up 360,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Backstop Shares”), which redemption requests were made in connection with the special meeting of the Company’s stockholders held on April 12, 2024 for the purpose of approving the transactions (the “Transactions”) contemplated by that certain business combination agreement, dated May 30, 2023, by and among the Company, ANEW MEDICAL, INC., a Wyoming corporation, and ANEW MEDICAL SUB, INC., a Wyoming corporation. The Company agreed to accept any request to rescind or reverse redemption requests made no later than two business days prior to the closing of the Transactions promptly once submitted by the Backstop Investors.

 

Upon consummation of the Transactions, the Company shall pay or cause to be paid to each Backstop Investor a payment in respect of its respective Backstop Shares in cash released from the Company’s trust account in an amount equal to the product of (x) the number of Backstop Shares and (y) the Redemption Price (as defined below), less $5.00.

 

As of May 8, 2024, the Company has received requests to redeem a total of 1,589,776 of the Shares. As of May 8, 2024, the pro rata portion of the Trust Account each public share would be entitled to receive upon redemption (the “Redemption Price”) is approximately $11.20 per share (prior to the deduction of any applicable taxes). Stockholders who wish to withdraw their previously submitted redemption requests may do so by requesting the Company’s transfer agent, Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, to return such shares. Based on the redemption requests received as of the date hereof, the Company will have a total of 170,418 Shares outstanding following redemptions.

 

Extension Meetings

 

On March 31, 2023, we held a special meeting of stockholders, at which our stockholders approved (i) an amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Extension Amendment”) and (ii) an amendment (the “Trust Amendment”) to the Investment Management Trust Agreement, dated March 30, 2022 (the “Trust Agreement”), by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as trustee (the “Trustee”), extending the date by which we must consummate a Business Combination from April 4, 2023 to July 4, 2023, with the ability to further extend the deadline on a monthly basis up to five times from July 4, 2023 to December 4, 2023. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 6,103,350 shares with redemption value of $63,169,451 (or $10.35 per share) of the Company’s common stock were tendered for redemption.

 

As a result of stockholder approval of the Extension Amendment and the Trust Amendment, our sponsor, Redwoods Capital LLC (the “Sponsor”), or any of their respective affiliates or designees, agreed to deposit into the Trust Account $360,000 for the initial three-month extension and $120,000 per month for each subsequent one-month extension. The extension payment(s) will bear no interest and will be repayable by the Company to the contributors upon consummation of the Business Combination. The loans will be forgiven by the contributors if the Company is unable to consummate the Business Combination except to the extent of any funds held outside of the Trust Account.

 

25

 

 

On March 31, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time we have to consummate an initial Business Combination from April 4, 2023 to July 4, 2023, on June 29, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time we have to consummate an initial business combination from July 4, 2023 to October 4, 2023, and subsequently on each of September 26, 2023 and November 1, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $120,000 into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to December 4, 2023.

 

On November 13, 2023, we held a special meeting of stockholders, at which our stockholders approved (i) an amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Second Extension Amendment”) to allow us to extend the date by which we must consummate a business combination up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 and (ii) an amendment to the Trust Agreement (the “Second Trust Amendment”) to allow us to extend the date on which the Trustee must liquidate the Trust Account by up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 by depositing $35,000 per month for each monthly extension. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 3,636,456 shares with redemption value of approximately $39,255,410 (or $10.79 per share) of our common stock were tendered for redemption.

 

Following the special meeting on November 13, 2023, we and the Trustee entered into the Second Trust Amendment and we filed the Second Extension Amendment with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware which became effective upon filing. Pursuant to the Second Extension Amendment, we are permitted to extend the date by which we must consummate an initial business combination on a monthly basis up to twelve times from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 by depositing $35,000 for each monthly extension in accordance with the terms of the Second Trust Amendment.

 

Results of Operations

 

We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any operating revenues to date. Our only activities through March 31, 2024 were organizational activities and those necessary to prepare for our IPO, which is described below, and subsequent to the IPO, identifying a target company for an initial business combination. We do not expect to generate any operating revenues until after the completion of our initial business combination. We generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents held in the Trust Account, which is described below. There has been no significant change in our financial or trading position and no material adverse change has occurred since the date of our audited financial statements. We incur expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses in connection with searching for, and completing, an initial business combination.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2024, we had net loss of $123,223 which consisted of general and administrative expenses of $324,777, franchise tax of $18,000, and income tax expense of $49,069, offset by interest earned on the investments held in the Trust Account of $251,663 and a decrease in fair value of warrant liabilities of $16,960. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, we had net income of $1,120,611, which consisted of interest earned on the investments held in the Trust Account of $1,250,067 and change in fair value of convertible promissory notes of $462,670, offset by general and administrative expenses of $293,654, franchise tax of $32,100, and an increase in fair value of warrant liabilities of $10,600, and income tax expense of $255,773.

 

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Going Concern

 

On April 4, 2022, we completed our initial public offering (“IPO”) of 10,000,000 units (the “Public Units”), at $10.00 per Public Unit, generating gross proceeds of $100,000,000. Each Public Unit consisted of one share of common stock, par value $0.0001, one redeemable warrant and one right to receive one-tenth (1/10) of a share of common stock upon the consummation of an initial business combination. Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, we completed the sale of 477,500 units (the “Private Units”) in a private placement, at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit, generating gross proceeds of $4,775,000. The Private Units are identical to the Public Units sold in the IPO, except that the private warrants will be non-redeemable and may be exercised on a cashless basis, in each case so long as they continue to be held by their initial purchasers or their permitted transferees.

 

26

 

 

We granted the underwriters in the IPO a 45-day option to purchase up to 1,500,000 additional Public Units to cover over-allotments, if any. On April 7, 2022, the underwriters exercised the over-allotment option in full and purchased an additional 1,500,000 Public Units (the “Over-Allotment Units”), at a price of $10.00 per unit, generating gross proceeds of $15,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the exercise of the over-allotment option, we consummated the sale of 52,500 Private Units (the “Over-Allotment Private Units”) in a private placement, at a purchase price of $10.00 per Private Unit, generating gross proceeds of $525,000.

 

Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, we issued to Chardan Capital Markets, LLC (“Chardan”), the representative of the underwriters, for an aggregate of $100.00, an option (the “UPO”) to purchase up to 345,000 units. The UPO is exercisable at any time, in whole or in part, commencing on the later of the consummation of the initial business combination and six months from the date of the prospectus for the IPO and expiring on the fifth anniversary of the date of the prospectus, at a price of $11.50 per unit.

 

Following the IPO and the private placement (including the Over-Allotment Units and the Over-Allotment Private Units), a total of $116,150,000 was placed in a trust account located in the United States established for the benefit of the Company’s public stockholders (the “Trust Account”). We incurred $8,365,339 of transaction costs, consisting of $2,875,000 of underwriting fees, $4,312,500 of deferred underwriting fees (payable only upon completion of an initial business combination) and $1,177,839 of other offering costs.

 

On March 31, 2023, we held a special meeting of stockholders, at which our stockholders approved the Extension Amendment and the Trust Amendment. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 6,103,350 shares of our common stock were tendered for redemption representing a total redemption amount of $63,169,451 (or $10.35 per share).

 

As a result of stockholder approval of the Extension Amendment and the Trust Amendment, the Sponsor, or any of its affiliates or designees, agreed to deposit into the Trust Account $360,000 for the initial three-month extension and $120,000 per month for each subsequent one-month extension. The extension payment(s) will bear no interest and will be repayable by the Company to the contributors upon consummation of an initial business combination. The loans will be forgiven by the contributors if the Company is unable to consummate an initial business combination except to the extent of any funds held outside of the Trust Account.

 

On March 31, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time we have to consummate an initial Business Combination from April 4, 2023 to July 4, 2023, on June 29, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $360,000 into the Trust Account and extended the period of time we have to consummate an initial business combination from July 4, 2023 to October 4, 2023, and subsequently on each of September 26, 2023 and November 1, 2023, the Sponsor made a deposit of $120,000 each into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to December 4, 2023.

 

On November 13, 2023, we held a special meeting of stockholders, at which our stockholders approved (i) an amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to allow us to extend the date by which we must consummate a business combination up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 and (ii) an amendment to the Trust Agreement to allow us to extend the date on which the Trustee must liquidate the Trust Account by up to twelve (12) times for an additional one month each time from December 4, 2023 to December 4, 2024 by depositing $35,000 per month for each monthly extension. In connection with the stockholders’ vote at the special meeting, an aggregate of 3,636,456 shares with redemption value of approximately $39,255,410 (or $10.79 per share) of our common stock were tendered for redemption.

 

On April 12, 2024, the Company held a special meeting of stockholders to, among other things, approve the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereunder. At the special meeting holders of 4,189,027 shares of common stock of the Company were present in person or by proxy, representing 81% of the total shares of common stock as of February 16, 2024, the record date for the special meeting, and constituting a quorum for the transaction of business. At the special meeting, the stockholders approved the business combination proposal, the charter proposal, the governance proposal, the incentive plan proposal, the director election proposal and the Nasdaq proposal. The Company’s stockholders elected to redeem an aggregate of 1,739,776 shares of common stock in connection with the special meeting. The Company plans to close the business combination transaction as soon as possible, subject to the satisfaction of the closing condition set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

 

27

 

 

As of March 31, 2024, we had marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $19,578,086 consisted of securities held in a treasury trust fund that invests in U.S. “government securities,” within the meaning set forth in Section 2(a)(16) of the Investment Company Act, with a maturity of 185 days or less. Interest income on the balance in the Trust Account may be used by us to pay taxes. Through March 31, 2024, we did not withdraw any interest earned on the Trust Account to pay our taxes. We intend to use substantially all of the funds held in the Trust Account, to acquire a target business and to pay our expenses relating thereto. To the extent that our capital stock is used in whole or in part as consideration to effect a Business Combination, the remaining funds held in the Trust Account will be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business. Such working capital funds could be used in a variety of ways including continuing or expanding the target business’ operations, for strategic acquisitions and for marketing, research and development of existing or new products. Such funds could also be used to repay any operating expenses or finders’ fees which we had incurred prior to the completion of our Business Combination if the funds available to us outside of the Trust Account were insufficient to cover such expenses.

 

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had cash of $8,051 and a working capital deficit of $2,575,228. On March 22, 2023, March 30, 2023, June 28, 2023, August 29, 2023, September 25, 2023 and November 27, 2023, the Sponsor provided a loan of $150,000, $360,000, $360,000, $150,000, $120,000, and $400,000, respectively, to be used, in part, for transaction costs related to the Business Combination. Subsequently on each month from January 2024 to April 2024, the Sponsor made a deposit of $35,000 into the Trust Account to further extend the business combination period to June 4, 2024. Until consummation of the Business Combination, we intend to use the funds held outside the Trust Account for identifying and evaluating prospective acquisition candidates, performing business due diligence on prospective target businesses, traveling to and from the offices, plants or similar locations of prospective target businesses, reviewing corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses, selecting the target business to acquire and structuring, negotiating and consummating the Business Combination. If our estimate of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to our Business Combination. In this event, our officers, directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be required. If we consummate an initial Business Combination, we would repay such loaned amounts out of the proceeds of the Trust Account released to us upon consummation of the Business Combination. In the event that a Business Combination does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital held outside the Trust Account to repay such loaned amounts, but no proceeds from our Trust Account would be used for such repayment. The terms of such loans by our initial stockholders, officers and directors, if any, have not been determined and no written agreements exist with respect to such loans.

 

The Company has incurred and expects to continue to incur significant professional costs to remain as a publicly traded company and to incur significant transaction costs in pursuit of the consummation of a Business Combination. If the Company is unable to complete the Business Combination because it does not have sufficient funds available, the Company will be forced to cease operations and liquidate the Trust Account. In addition, following the Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, the Company may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet its obligations. In connection with the Company’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with Financial Accounting Standard Board’s Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-15, “Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern,” the Company has until June 4, 2024 (unless further extended monthly up to December 4, 2024 as allowed under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended) (the period of time it has to complete an initial business combination) to consummate a Business Combination. It is uncertain that the Company will be able to consummate a Business Combination by this time. If a Business Combination is not consummated by such date and an extension has not been requested by the Sponsor and approved by the Company’s stockholders, there will be a mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution of the Company. Management has determined that the date for liquidation and subsequent dissolution as well as liquidity concerns raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statement does not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no obligations, assets or liabilities, which would be considered off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2024. We do not participate in transactions that create relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, often referred to as variable interest entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. We have not entered into any off-balance sheet financing arrangements, established any special purpose entities, guaranteed any debt or commitments of other entities, or purchased any non-financial assets.

 

28

 

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Promissory Notes - Related Party

 

On March 22, 2023, we issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of up to $150,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 1”). The promissory note is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the promissory note, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into private units of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per unit, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On March 30, 2023, we issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of up to $360,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 2”). The promissory note is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the promissory note, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into private units of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per unit, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On May 15, 2023, the conversion feature of Convertible Note 1 and Convertible Note 2 was amended; the holder of the promissory notes, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory notes into shares of common stock of the Company, at a conversion price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On June 28, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $360,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 3”). Convertible Note 3 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 3, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On August 29, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $150,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 4”). Convertible Note 4 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 4, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On September 25, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $120,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 5”). Convertible Note 5 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 5, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

On November 27, 2023, the Company issued an unsecured, non-interest-bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $400,000 to the Sponsor (“Convertible Note 6”). Convertible Note 6 is payable upon the closing of the Business Combination or the liquidation of the Company. The holder of the Convertible Note 6, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the promissory note into shares of common stock of the Company, at a price of $10.00 per share, upon consummation of the Business Combination.

 

Registration Rights

 

The holders of our insider shares, as well as the holders of the private units, the securities underlying the unit purchase option and any securities our insiders, officers, directors or their affiliates may be issued in payment of working capital loans made to us (and any shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the underlying private warrants and any shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the underlying the private rights), will be entitled to registration rights pursuant to registration rights agreement. The holders of a majority of these securities are entitled to make up to two demands (or one demand with respect to the securities underlying the unit purchase option) that we register such securities. The holders of the majority of the insider shares can elect to exercise these registration rights at any time commencing three months prior to the date on which these shares of common stock are to be released from escrow. The holders of a majority of the private units and units issued in payment of working capital loans made to us can elect to exercise these registration rights at any time commencing on the date that we consummate our initial business combination. In addition, the holders have certain “piggy-back” registration rights with respect to registration statements filed subsequent to our consummation of our initial business combination. We will bear the expenses incurred in connection with the filing of any such registration statements.

 

29

 

 

Administrative Services Agreement

 

We have entered into an administrative services agreement pursuant to which we will pay the Sponsor a total of $10,000 per month (subject to deferral as described herein) for office space, utilities, secretarial and administrative support services. Upon completion of our initial business combination or our liquidation, we will cease paying these monthly fees.

 

Underwriting Agreement

 

Pursuant to an underwriting agreement in connection with the IPO, the underwriters were paid a cash underwriting discount of $0.25 per unit, or $2,875,000 in the aggregate, upon the closing of the IPO and full exercise of the over-allotment option. In addition, $0.375 per unit, or $4,312,500 in the aggregate, will be payable to the underwriters for deferred underwriting commissions. The deferred commissions will become payable to the underwriters from the amounts held in the Trust Account solely in the event that we complete an initial business combination, subject to the terms of the underwriting agreement.

 

Right of First Refusal

 

Subject to certain conditions, we granted Chardan, for a period of 18 months after the date of the consummation of our initial business combination, a right of first refusal to act as a book-running manager or placement agent, with at least 30% of the economics, for any and all future public and private equity, equity linked and debt offerings by us or any of our successors or subsidiaries. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5110(g)(6)(A), such right of first refusal shall not have a duration of more than three years from the commencement of sales of this offering.

 

Financial Advisor - Chardan

 

Chardan was independently retained as M&A and capital markets advisor by each of Redwoods (in April of 2022) and ANEW (in October of 2022) in connection with possible business combinations and related transactions that each was considering, including (eventually) the Merger. When Redwoods and ANEW commenced discussions in March of 2023 related to the Merger, Redwoods and ANEW consented to such dual representation in connection with the Merger and waived any conflicts of interest arising therefrom. On August 25, 2023, Redwoods received Chardan’s formal resignation from its previous engagement as Redwood’s M&A and capital markets advisor in connection with the Merger and of the fees to which Chardan would have been entitled for such engagement upon the closing of the Merger. Chardan’s letter indicated that it would continue its representation of ANEW in connection with the Merger and that Chardan was not waiving its entitlement to receive from Redwoods the deferred IPO underwriting commission described in Redwoods’ IPO prospectus. Upon the closing of the Merger, Chardan will be entitled to $4,312,500 in deferred IPO underwriting commissions from Redwoods.

 

Financial Advisor – Del Mar Global Advisors Limited (“Del Mar”)

 

On November 29, 2023, Redwoods and Del Mar executed a Consultant Agreement pursuant to which Del Mar is serving as a financial advisor to Redwoods on a consultancy basis. Redwoods has no prior relationship with Del Mar. At closing the business combination, 240,000 shares will be issued to Del Mar as financial advisor compensation to Redwoods. The 240,000 shares of Redwoods common stock are valued at $2,400,000 or $10 per share. Del Mar will retain an ownership interest of 2.2% of the issued and outstanding shares of the Combined Company’s Common Stock.

 

Contingent Legal Fees

 

The Company engaged a legal counsel firm for legal advisory services, and the legal counsel agreed to defer their fees in excess of $200,000. The contingent fee will become payable in the event that the Company completes a Business Combination. In the event that the Business Combination does not close and the Company receive a break-up fee or similar payment from the target company, The Company agrees to pay the legal counsel the balance of legal fees, up to the lesser of (i) one-half of the amount received from the target company, and (ii) $500,000. As of March 31,2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had deferred legal fees of approximately $1.5 million and $1.2 million, respectively, in connection with such services.

 

30

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have not identified any critical accounting estimates; we have identified the following critical accounting policies:

 

Investments Held in Trust Account

 

As of March 31, 2024, the assets held in the Trust Account were held in cash and U.S. Treasury securities. The Company classifies its U.S. Treasury securities as trading securities in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 320, “Investments-Debt and Equity Securities.” Trading securities are presented on the balance sheets at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Gains and losses resulting from the change in fair value of these securities is included in gain on investments held in Trust Account in the accompanying statement of operations. The estimated fair values of all assets held in the Trust Account are determined using available market information and classified as Level 1 measurements.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

FASB ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” defines fair value, the methods used to measure fair value and the expanded disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between the buyer and the seller at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and cost approach shall be used to measure fair value. FASB ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy for inputs, which represent the assumptions used by the buyer and seller in pricing the asset or liability. These inputs are further defined as observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs are those that buyer and seller would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s assumptions about the inputs that the buyer and seller would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances.

 

The fair value hierarchy is categorized into three levels based on the inputs as follows:

 

Level 1 - Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Valuation adjustments and block discounts are not being applied. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these securities does not entail a significant degree of judgment.
   
Level 2 - Valuations based on (i) quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, (ii) quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar assets, (iii) inputs other than quoted prices for the assets or liabilities, or (iv) inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by market through correlation or other means.
   
Level 3- Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

 

The fair value of the Company’s certain assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, and other current assets, accrued expenses, due to sponsor are estimated to approximate the carrying values as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 due to the short maturities of such instruments. See Note 9 to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the disclosure of the Company’s assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

31

 

 

The fair value of the Company’s certain assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, and other current assets, accrued expenses, due to sponsor are estimated to approximate the carrying values as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 due to the short maturities of such instruments. See Note 9 for the disclosure of the Company’s assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

Convertible Promissory Notes

 

The Company initially accounted for its convertible promissory notes under ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” and elected the fair value option under ASC 825. Using the fair value option method, each convertible promissory note is required to be recorded at its initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the notes are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the statements of operations.

 

Subsequently, the conversion feature of the convertible promissory notes was amended on May 15, 2023; the holder of the convertible promissory notes, in its sole discretion, may convert any or all of the unpaid principal under the convertible promissory notes into common stocks of the Company (see Note 6). As a result, the Company assessed the change in conversion feature and determined that the convertible promissory notes should be recorded as debt (liability) at cash proceeds on the balance sheet. The Company’s assessment of the embedded conversion feature considered the derivative scope exception guidance under ASC 815 pertaining to equity classification of contracts in an entity’s own equity.

 

The Company’s assessment was also based on ASC 470-50 - Debt Modifications and Exchanges; management determined that the amended conversion option (which is based on shares of the Company’s common stocks) is substantially different from the original conversion option (which was based on units). Since each unit consists of one share of common stock, one share of right convertible into one-tenth (1/10) of one share of common stock upon the consummation of a Business Combination, the original conversion option offers at least 10% more shares of common stock (including underlying shares from the rights conversion) than the amended conversion option. As such, a remeasurement under ASC 825 has occurred and the previously selected fair value option is no longer applied. The convertible promissory notes were recorded as debt (liability) at cash proceeds on the balance sheet effective May 15, 2023.

 

For all newly issued and unmodified convertible promissory notes, the Company elects an early adoption of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) (“ASU 2020-06”) and accounts for newly issued s as debt (liability) on the balance sheet. The Company considers the derivative scope exception guidance under ASC 815 pertaining to equity classification of contracts in an entity’s own equity.

 

Warrants

 

The Company accounts for warrants (Public Warrants or Private Warrants) as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”) and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). The assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the warrants meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the warrant holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the warrants are outstanding.

 

For issued or modified warrants that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as a component of equity at the time of issuance. For issued or modified warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, the warrants are required to be recorded as liabilities at their initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the warrants are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the statements of operations. The Company has elected to account for its Public Warrants as equity and the Private Warrants as liabilities.

 

32

 

 

Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

 

We account for our common stock subject to possible conversion in accordance with the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” Common stock subject to mandatory redemption is classified as a liability instrument and measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable common stock (including common stock that features redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within our control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, common stock is classified as stockholders’ equity. Our common stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of our control and subject to occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, common stock subject to possible redemption is presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders’ equity section of our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. We recognize changes in redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of redeemable common stock to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period. Increases or decreases in the carrying amount of shares of redeemable common stock are affected by charges against additional paid in capital or accumulated deficit if additional paid in capital equals to zero.

 

Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company complies with accounting and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. In order to determine the net income (loss) attributable to both the redeemable shares and non-redeemable shares, the Company first considered the undistributed income (loss) allocable to both the redeemable shares and non-redeemable shares and the undistributed income (loss) is calculated using the total net loss less any dividends paid. We then allocated the undistributed income (loss) ratably based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding between the redeemable and non-redeemable shares. Any re-measurement of the accretion to redemption value of the common stock subject to possible redemption was considered to be dividends paid to the public stockholders.

 

Offering Costs

 

Offering costs were consisting principally of underwriting, legal, accounting and other expenses incurred through the balance sheet date that are related to the IPO and were charged to stockholders’ equity upon the completion of the IPO. The Company allocates offering costs between public shares and public rights based on the relative fair values of public shares and public rights.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to make disclosures under this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2024, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer have concluded that as of March 31, 2024, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to material weaknesses in controls over the protection of funds permitted for withdrawal from the Trust account, including the timely payment of income and other tax liabilities. Additionally, the Company lacks the controls needed to assure that the accounting for its income tax payable and deferred tax liability is accurate and complete, including properly evaluating classification of tax liabilities and differentiating them as current liability or non-current liability. Finally, the Company lacks adequate internal control over fair value measurement.

 

To address the material weakness management has implemented additional oversight of the cash availability for the Company’s operational needs, which includes segregation of funds restricted for payment of taxes and the requirement for an additional member of the Company’s management team to review and approve the disbursements from the Trust Account. We also plan to enhance our internal control over accounting for income tax and other tax liabilities and increase communication among our personnel and third-party professionals with whom we consult regarding tax accounting. We do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all errors and all instances of fraud. Disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the disclosure controls and procedures are met. Further, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all disclosure controls and procedures, no evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures can provide absolute assurance that we have detected all our control deficiencies and instances of fraud, if any. The design of disclosure controls and procedures also is based partly on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

33

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

None.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to make disclosures under this Item.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report.

 

Exhibit No.   Description
31.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2*   Certification of Principal Accounting and Financial Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1**   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2**   Certification of Principal Accounting and Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS*   Inline XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104*   Cover Page Interactive Data File (Embedded within the Inline XBRL document and included in Exhibit)

 

* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith. This certification is being furnished solely to accompany this report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, and is not being filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is not to be incorporated by reference into any filings of the Company, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

 

34

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  REDWOODS ACQUISITION CORP.
     
Date: May 22, 2024 By: /s/ Jiande Chen
  Name: Jiande Chen
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 22, 2024 By: /s/ Edward Cong Wang
  Name: Edward Cong Wang
  Title: Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Accounting and Financial Officer)

 

 

35

 

 

11364370 1760194 0.07 0.10 3405000 3405000 0.01 0.07 11364370 1760194 3405000 3405000 0.01 0.07 0.07 0.10 P5Y false --12-31 Q1 0001907223 0001907223 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:UnitsMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:WarrantsMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:RightMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 2024-05-22 0001907223 2024-03-31 0001907223 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:RedeemableCommonStockMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:RedeemableCommonStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:NonRedeemableCommonStockMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:NonRedeemableCommonStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-12-31 0001907223 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:IPOMember 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 0001907223 2022-04-04 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 0001907223 rwod:ChardanCapitalMarketsLLCMember 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 0001907223 rwod:ChardanCapitalMarketsLLCMember 2022-04-04 0001907223 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 0001907223 2022-04-07 0001907223 us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember 2022-04-01 2022-04-07 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2022-04-01 2022-04-07 0001907223 rwod:ChardanCapitalMarketsLLCMember 2022-04-07 0001907223 2022-04-01 2022-04-07 0001907223 rwod:TrustAccountMember 2022-04-01 2022-04-07 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-06-29 2023-06-29 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 0001907223 2023-11-01 2023-11-01 0001907223 2023-11-13 2023-11-13 0001907223 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-11-13 2023-11-13 0001907223 2023-11-13 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:FounderSharesMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 2023-04-16 2023-04-16 0001907223 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 0001907223 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 0001907223 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 0001907223 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 0001907223 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 0001907223 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 0001907223 2023-11-27 2023-11-27 0001907223 2024-05-31 0001907223 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 0001907223 2022-08-16 0001907223 rwod:RedeemableSharesMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:NonredeemableSharesMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:RedeemableSharesMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:NonredeemableSharesMember 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2023-12-31 0001907223 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001907223 2023-01-01 2023-12-31 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:InsiderSharesMember 2022-01-04 0001907223 rwod:InsiderSharesMember 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 0001907223 rwod:InsiderSharesMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 rwod:InsiderSharesMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember rwod:InsiderSharesMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2022-04-01 2022-04-08 0001907223 2023-03-22 0001907223 2023-03-30 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-03-30 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-05-15 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-06-28 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-08-29 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-09-25 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2023-11-27 2023-11-27 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2023-11-27 0001907223 rwod:RelatedPartyLoansMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember rwod:RelatedPartyLoansMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:SponsorMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:IPOMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:IPOMember 2023-08-25 2023-08-25 0001907223 us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember rwod:DelMarMember 2023-11-29 2023-11-29 0001907223 rwod:DelMarMember 2023-11-29 0001907223 rwod:DelMarMember 2023-11-29 2023-11-29 0001907223 rwod:StockRightsMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:StockRightsMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2023-01-01 2023-12-31 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteOneMember 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteOneMember 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteTwoMember 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteTwoMember 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteOneMember 2023-01-01 2023-12-31 0001907223 rwod:ConvertibleNoteTwoMember 2023-01-01 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember rwod:PrivateWarrantMember 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember rwod:PrivateWarrantMember 2023-01-01 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember rwod:PrivateWarrantMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2023-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember rwod:PrivateWarrantMember 2024-01-01 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember rwod:PrivateWarrantMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2024-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 rwod:SpotPriceMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:SpotPriceMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationSuccessRateMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 rwod:BusinessCombinationSuccessRateMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember 2023-03-22 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2022-12-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2023-01-01 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2023-03-31 0001907223 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2024-04-12 0001907223 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 0001907223 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember rwod:SponsorMember 2024-05-09 0001907223 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 0001907223 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2024-05-08 xbrli:shares iso4217:USD iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure