10-Q 1 sah-20240331.htm 10-Q sah-20240331
2024Q1FALSE0001043509--12-3120027.025.01.252.250.251.250.18500.0350.0400.02.62.9401.251.8750.0 million4.80.0 million0.11.00.30.0 million0.0 million0.10.3no0.0 millionzero0.0 million6.125250.06.1256.125100.06.1256.1256.125103.063102.042101.021100.0006.125100.06.1256.1256.1256.1256.125101.06.1256.1256.1256.1250.126.1256.1256.125256.1256.12550.02.500.50.10250.06.1256.1256.1256.1256.125263.26.12513.26.125400.056.1253.517.031.52.92.502.25P1Y0.40.30.40.3Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
For further discussion of Sonic’s accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), see Note 13, “Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss),” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. For further discussion of Sonic’s defined benefit pension plan, see Note 10, “Employee Benefit Plans,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
For further discussion of Sonic’s accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), see Note 13, “Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss),” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. For further discussion of Sonic’s defined benefit pension plan, see Note 10, “Employee Benefit Plans,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
10. Subsequent Events
Subsequent to March 31, 2024, we repurchased an additional [ ] shares of Class A Common Stock at an average price of [ ], resulting in current remaining share repurchase authorization of approximately [ ] million.
250.06.1256.125
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________
FORM 10-Q
______________________________________
(Mark One)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 1-13395
______________________________________
SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
______________________________________
Delaware
56-2010790
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
      4401 Colwick Road
28211
Charlotte,North Carolina
         (Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(704) 566-2400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
______________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareSAHNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes ☒    No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer☐  Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  
As of April 23, 2024, there were 21,861,771 shares of the registrant’s Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 12,029,375 shares of the registrant’s Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.





UNCERTAINTY OF FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND INFORMATION
This report contains, and written or oral statements made from time to time by us or by our authorized officers may contain, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements address our future objectives, plans and goals, as well as our intent, beliefs and current expectations regarding future operating performance, results and events, and can generally be identified by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “believe,” “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “foresee” and other similar words or phrases.
These forward-looking statements are based on our current estimates and assumptions and involve various risks and uncertainties. As a result, you are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, and that actual results could differ materially from those projected in these forward-looking statements. Factors which may cause actual results to differ materially from our projections include those risks described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 and elsewhere in this report, as well as:
the number of new and used vehicles sold in the United States as compared to our expectations and the expectations of the market;
our ability to generate sufficient cash flows or to obtain additional financing to fund our business expansion, capital expenditures, our share repurchase program, dividends on our common stock, acquisitions and general operating activities;
our business and growth strategies, including, but not limited to, our EchoPark store operations;
the reputation and financial condition of vehicle manufacturers whose brands we represent, the financial incentives vehicle manufacturers offer and their ability to design, manufacture, deliver and market their vehicles successfully;
our relationships with vehicle manufacturers, which may affect our ability to obtain desirable new vehicle models in inventory or to complete additional acquisitions or dispositions;
the adverse resolution of one or more significant legal proceedings against us or our subsidiaries;
changes in laws and regulations governing the operation of automobile franchises, accounting standards, taxation requirements and environmental laws;
changes in vehicle and parts import quotas, duties, tariffs or other restrictions, including supply shortages that could be caused by global political and economic factors or other supply chain disruptions;
the inability of vehicle manufacturers and their suppliers to obtain, produce and deliver vehicles or parts and accessories to meet demand at our franchised dealerships for sale and use in our parts, service and collision repair operations;
general economic conditions in the markets in which we operate, including fluctuations in interest rates, inflation, vehicle valuations, employment levels, the level of consumer spending and consumer credit availability;
high levels of competition in the retail automotive industry, which not only create pricing pressures on the products and services we offer, but also on businesses we may seek to acquire;
our ability to successfully integrate recent or future acquisitions;
the significant control that our principal stockholders exercise over us and our business matters; and
the rate and timing of overall economic expansion or contraction.
These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or when made, and we undertake no obligation to revise or update these statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required under the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.




SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2024

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 5.
Item 6.




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts)
Revenues:
Retail new vehicles$1,455.8 $1,442.8 
Fleet new vehicles19.6 18.8 
Total new vehicles1,475.4 1,461.6 
Used vehicles1,215.6 1,344.9 
Wholesale vehicles77.3 85.6 
Total vehicles2,768.3 2,892.1 
Parts, service and collision repair446.7 430.5 
Finance, insurance and other, net169.0 168.6 
Total revenues3,384.0 3,491.2 
Cost of sales:
Retail new vehicles(1,359.4)(1,304.7)
Fleet new vehicles(18.9)(17.9)
Total new vehicles(1,378.3)(1,322.6)
Used vehicles(1,168.6)(1,314.9)
Wholesale vehicles(78.1)(82.6)
Total vehicles(2,625.0)(2,720.1)
Parts, service and collision repair(222.8)(217.6)
Total cost of sales(2,847.8)(2,937.7)
Gross profit536.2 553.5 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(392.2)(412.8)
Impairment charges(1.0) 
Depreciation and amortization(36.3)(34.3)
Operating income106.7 106.4 
Other income (expense):
Interest expense, floor plan(20.3)(14.6)
Interest expense, other, net(29.0)(28.4)
Other income (expense), net0.1 0.2 
Total other income (expense)(49.2)(42.8)
Income before taxes57.5 63.6 
Provision for income taxes - benefit (expense)(15.5)(15.9)
Net income$42.0 $47.7 
Basic earnings per common share:
Earnings per common share$1.24 $1.33 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding34.0 35.9 
Diluted earnings per common share:
Earnings per common share$1.20 $1.29 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding34.9 36.9 
    



See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


1


SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
Net income$42.0 $47.7 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before taxes:
Change in fair value and amortization of interest rate cap agreements0.7 (0.1)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) before taxes0.7 (0.1)
Provision for income tax benefit (expense) related to components of other comprehensive income (loss)(0.2) 
Other comprehensive income (loss)0.5 (0.1)
Comprehensive income$42.5 $47.6 





See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


2


SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$15.1 $28.9 
Receivables, net420.6 528.1 
Inventories1,700.5 1,578.3 
Other current assets374.8 385.1 
Total current assets2,511.0 2,520.4 
Property and Equipment, net1,598.8 1,601.0 
Goodwill253.8 253.8 
Other Intangible Assets, net417.4 417.4 
Operating Right-of-Use Lease Assets207.1 222.6 
Finance Right-of-Use Lease Assets306.5 236.6 
Other Assets113.0 112.8 
Total Assets$5,407.6 $5,364.6 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Notes payable - floor plan - trade$144.4 $152.1 
Notes payable - floor plan - non-trade1,516.7 1,520.6 
Trade accounts payable143.9 149.8 
Operating short-term lease liabilities27.6 29.9 
Finance short-term lease liabilities10.7 10.2 
Other accrued liabilities388.4 370.2 
Current maturities of long-term debt68.0 60.1 
Total current liabilities2,299.7 2,292.9 
Long-Term Debt1,583.4 1,616.5 
Other Long-Term Liabilities88.9 89.6 
Operating Long-Term Lease Liabilities204.0 219.2 
Finance Long-Term Lease Liabilities327.2 254.5 
Commitments and Contingencies
Stockholders’ Equity:
Class A Convertible Preferred Stock, none issued
  
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 69,047,806 shares issued and 21,861,407 shares outstanding at March 31, 2024; 68,618,393 shares issued and 21,931,785 shares outstanding at December 31, 2023
0.7 0.7 
Class B Common Stock, $0.01 par value; 30,000,000 shares authorized; 12,029,375 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
0.1 0.1 
Paid-in capital862.6 855.4 
Retained earnings1,270.4 1,238.6 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)2.1 1.6 
Treasury stock, at cost; 47,186,399 Class A Common Stock shares held at March 31, 2024 and 46,686,608 Class A Common Stock shares held at December 31, 2023
(1,231.5)(1,204.5)
Total Stockholders’ Equity904.4 891.9 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity$5,407.6 $5,364.6 



See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)

Class A
Common Stock
Class A
Treasury Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts)
Balance at December 31, 202267.6 $0.7 (43.4)$(1,026.9)12.0 $0.1 $819.4 $1,100.3 $1.6 $895.2 
Shares awarded under stock compensation plans0.7  — — — — 7.6 — — 7.6 
Purchases of treasury stock— — (1.6)(90.7)— — — — — (90.7)
Effect of cash flow hedge instruments, net of tax benefit— — — — — — — — (0.1)(0.1)
Stock compensation expense— — — — — — 5.0 — — 5.0 
Net income— — — — — — — 47.7 — 47.7 
Class A dividends declared ($0.28 per share)
— — — — — — — (6.5)— (6.5)
Class B dividends declared ($0.28 per share)
— — — — — — — (3.4)— (3.4)
Balance at March 31, 202368.3 $0.7 (45.0)$(1,117.6)12.0 $0.1 $832.0 $1,138.1 $1.5 $854.8 

Class A
Common Stock
Class A
Treasury Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts)
Balance at December 31, 202368.6 $0.7 (46.7)$(1,204.5)12.0 $0.1 $855.4 $1,238.6 $1.6 $891.9 
Shares awarded under stock compensation plans0.4  — — — — 0.6 — — 0.6 
Purchases of treasury stock— — (0.5)(27.0)— — — — — (27.0)
Effect of cash flow hedge instruments, net of tax expense of $0.2
— — — — — — — — 0.5 0.5 
Stock compensation expense— — — — — — 6.6 — — 6.6 
Net income— — — — — — — 42.0 — 42.0 
Class A dividends declared ($0.30 per share)
— — — — — — — (6.6)— (6.6)
Class B dividends declared ($0.30 per share)
— — — — — — — (3.6)— (3.6)
Balance at March 31, 202469.0 $0.7 (47.2)$(1,231.5)12.0 $0.1 $862.6 $1,270.4 $2.1 $904.4 







See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income$42.0 $47.7 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment31.5 30.0 
Debt issuance cost amortization1.6 1.6 
Stock-based compensation expense6.6 5.0 
Deferred income taxes(3.7)(3.3)
Asset impairment charges1.0  
Gain on disposal of dealerships and property and equipment1.5 0.1 
Other1.0 0.6 
Changes in assets and liabilities that relate to operations:
Receivables107.3 87.5 
Inventories(122.2)(234.6)
Other assets6.1 4.2 
Notes payable - floor plan – trade(7.7)4.2 
Trade accounts payable and other liabilities5.1 23.0 
Total adjustments28.1 (81.7)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
70.1 (34.0)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of businesses, net of cash acquired (75.1)
Purchases of land, property and equipment(43.8)(37.2)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment4.4 4.8 
Net cash used in investing activities(39.4)(107.5)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Net borrowings on notes payable - floor plan - non-trade
21.1 188.8 
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities15.6  
Repayments on revolving credit facilities(15.6) 
Debt issuance costs(4.9)(1.3)
Principal payments of long-term debt(22.0)(19.5)
Principal payments of long-term lease liabilities(2.1)(2.2)
Purchases of treasury stock(27.0)(90.7)
Issuance of shares under stock compensation plans0.6 7.6 
Dividends paid(10.2)(10.2)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(44.5)72.5 
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(13.8)(69.0)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF YEAR28.9 229.2 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD$15.1 $160.2 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash paid (received) during the period for:
Interest, including amounts capitalized$34.3 $26.5 
Income taxes$(0.2)$(0.4)




See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Sonic Automotive, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively referred to herein as “Sonic,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (the “U.S.”) (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and applicable rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect, in the opinion of management, all material normal, recurring adjustments necessary to fairly state the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements – Please refer to Note 1, “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for further discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2023-07, “Segment Reporting (Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures.” The amendments require the disclosure of significant segment expenses as well as expanded interim disclosures, along with other changes to segment disclosure requirements. The standard will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2024. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the provisions of the ASU will have on our consolidated financial statements.
Principles of Consolidation All of our dealership and non-dealership subsidiaries are wholly owned and consolidated in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, except for one 50%-owned dealership that is accounted for under the equity method. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Certain amounts and percentages may not compute due to rounding.
Revenue Recognition – Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services and in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. We do not include the cost of obtaining contracts within the related revenue streams since we elected the practical expedient to expense the costs to obtain a contract when incurred.
Management has evaluated our established business processes, revenue transaction streams and accounting policies, and identified our material revenue streams to be: (1) the sale of new vehicles; (2) the sale of used vehicles to retail customers; (3) the sale of wholesale used vehicles at third-party auctions; (4) the arrangement of third-party vehicle financing and the sale of third-party service, warranty and other insurance contracts; and (5) the performance of vehicle maintenance and repair services and the sale of related parts and accessories. The transaction price for a retail vehicle sale is specified in the contract with the customer and encompasses both cash and non-cash considerations. In the context of a retail vehicle sale, customers frequently trade in their existing vehicles. The value of this trade-in is determined based on its stand-alone selling price as specified in the contract, utilizing various third-party pricing sources. There are no other non-cash forms of consideration associated with retail vehicle sales, and sales are reported net of sales tax and other similar assets. Generally, performance obligations are satisfied when the associated vehicle is delivered to a customer and customer acceptance has occurred, over time as the maintenance and repair services are performed, or at the time of wholesale and retail parts sales. We do not have any revenue streams with significant financing components, as payments are typically received within a short period of time following completion of the performance obligation(s).
Retrospective finance and insurance revenues (“F&I retro revenues”) are recognized when the product contract has been executed with the end customer and the transaction price is estimated each reporting period based on the expected value method using historical and projected data. F&I retro revenues can vary based on a variety of factors, including number of contracts and history of cancellations and claims. Accordingly, we utilize this historical and projected data to constrain the consideration to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved.
6

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
We record revenue when vehicles are delivered to customers, as vehicle service work is performed and when parts are delivered. Conditions for completing a sale include having an agreement with the customer, including pricing, and it being probable that the proceeds from the sale will be collected.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 include approximately $3.7 million and $31.8 million, respectively, related to contract assets from F&I retro revenues recognition, which are recorded in receivables, net. In addition, we recorded approximately $19.8 million related to contract assets from F&I retro revenues recognition in other assets as of March 31, 2024. Changes in contract assets from December 31, 2023 to March 31, 2024 were primarily due to ordinary business activity, including the receipt of cash for amounts earned and recognized in prior periods. Please refer to Note 1, “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for further discussion of our revenue recognition policies and processes.
Earnings Per Share The calculation of diluted earnings per share considers the potential dilutive effect of outstanding restricted stock units, restricted stock and stock options granted under Sonic’s stock compensation plans (and any non-forfeitable dividends paid on such awards).

2. Business Acquisitions and Dispositions
We did not acquire any businesses during the three months ended March 31, 2024. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we acquired one business (consisting of five locations) in our Powersports Segment (as defined below) for an aggregate gross purchase price (including inventory acquired and subsequently funded by floor plan notes payable) of approximately $75.1 million. The allocation of the approximately $75.1 million aggregate gross purchase price included inventory of approximately $11.1 million, property and equipment of approximately $0.7 million, franchise assets of approximately $22.6 million, goodwill of approximately $11.9 million, real estate of approximately $29.0 million, other assets of approximately $0.1 million, and other liabilities of approximately $0.3 million.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we terminated two luxury franchises, in addition to closing the remaining seven Northwest Motorsport stores within the EchoPark Segment (as defined below). We did not dispose of any businesses during the three months ended March 31, 2023.
Revenues and other activities associated with disposed stores, terminated franchises or closed stores that remain in continuing operations were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Income (loss) from operations$(4.9)$(13.5)
Gain (loss) on disposal, termination and closure charges
(1.7) 
Lease exit accrual adjustments and charges2.4 (1.7)
Pre-tax income (loss)(4.2)(15.2)
Total Revenues$13.2 $203.2 
3. Inventories
Inventories consist of the following:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
New vehicles$938.5 $799.6 
Used vehicles481.5 505.7 
Service loaners (1)177.8 172.7 
Parts, accessories and other102.7 100.3 
Inventories$1,700.5 $1,578.3 

(1)Service loaner inventory includes approximately $31.6 million and $22.7 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, related to vehicles that are leased directly from the manufacturer on a short-term basis. A corresponding liability is included within notes payable - floor plan - trade on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
7

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
4. Property and Equipment
Property and equipment, net consists of the following:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Land$491.9 $493.0 
Buildings and improvements1,426.3 1,425.8 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 550.5 563.3 
Construction in progress83.5 61.4 
Total, at cost2,552.2 2,543.5 
Less accumulated depreciation(929.2)(927.8)
Subtotal 1,623.0 1,615.7 
Less assets held for sale (1)(24.2)(14.7)
Property and equipment, net$1,598.8 $1,601.0 
(1)Classified in other current assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Capital expenditures were approximately $43.8 million and $37.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Capital expenditures in all periods were primarily related to construction of new franchised dealerships and EchoPark and powersports stores, building improvements and equipment purchased for use in our franchised dealerships and EchoPark and powersports stores. Certain capital expenditures are recognized in the Franchised Dealerships Segment to better monitor project development costs prior to transferring the capitalized asset balance to the appropriate entity or operating segment upon project completion. Assets held for sale as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of real property not currently used in operations that we expect to dispose of in the next 12 months.
Fixed asset impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were approximately $1.0 million, which related to capitalized IT project write-off costs associated with our decision to close the remaining Northwest Motorsport stores in January 2024. There were no fixed asset impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2023.
5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the year ended December 31, 2023 and the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
Franchised
Dealerships
Segment
EchoPark SegmentPowersports SegmentTotal
(In millions)
Balance at December 31, 2022 (1)$221.8 $ $9.2 $231.0 
Additions through current year acquisitions  11.9 11.9 
Reductions from dispositions(1.8)  (1.8)
Prior year acquisition allocations9.8  2.9 12.7 
Balance at December 31, 2023 (1)$229.8 $ $24.0 $253.8 
Additions through current year acquisitions    
Reductions from dispositions    
Reductions from impairment    
Prior year acquisition allocations    
Balance at March 31, 2024 (1)$229.8 $ $24.0 $253.8 
(1)Net of accumulated impairment losses of $1.1 billion and $202.9 million related to the Franchised Dealerships Segment and the EchoPark Segment, respectively.
8

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The changes in the carrying amount of franchise assets for the year ended December 31, 2023 and the three months ended March 31, 2024 were as follows:
 Franchised Dealerships SegmentEchoPark SegmentPowersports Segment
Total
(In millions)
Balance at December 31, 2022$371.7 $1.9 $23.1 $396.7 
Additions through current year acquisitions  22.6 22.6 
Reductions from dispositions (1.9) (1.9)
Balance at December 31, 2023$371.7 $ $45.7 $417.4 
Additions through current year acquisitions    
Reductions from dispositions    
Balance at March 31, 2024$371.7 $ $45.7 $417.4 

6. Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consists of the following:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Revolving Credit Facility (1)$ $ 
4.625% Senior Notes due 2029 (the “4.625% Notes”)650.0 650.0 
4.875% Senior Notes due 2031 (the “4.875% Notes”)500.0 500.0 
Mortgage Facility (2)307.0 311.0 
Mortgage notes to finance companies - fixed rate, bearing interest from 2.05% to 7.03%152.8 163.0 
Mortgage notes to finance companies - variable rate, bearing interest at 1.50% to 2.90% above one-month or three-month SOFR67.9 75.6 
Subtotal$1,677.7 $1,699.6 
Debt issuance costs(26.3)(23.0)
Total debt1,651.4 1,676.6 
Less current maturities(68.0)(60.1)
Long-term debt$1,583.4 $1,616.5 
(1)The interest rate on the Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below) was 125 basis points above one-month Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Facilities) at March 31, 2024 and 125 basis points above one-month Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Facilities) at December 31, 2023.
(2)The interest rate on the Mortgage Facility (as defined below) was 150 basis points above one-month Adjusted Term SOFR at March 31, 2024 and 150 basis points above one-month Term SOFR at December 31, 2023.
9

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Credit Facilities
On April 14, 2021, we amended and restated our syndicated revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) and our syndicated new and used vehicle floor plan credit facilities (the “Floor Plan Facilities” and, together with the Revolving Credit Facility, the “Credit Facilities”). The amendment and restatement of the Credit Facilities extended the scheduled maturity dates to April 14, 2025. On October 8, 2021, we amended the Credit Facilities to, among other things: (1) increase the aggregate commitments; and (2) permit the issuance of the 4.625% Notes and the 4.875% Notes. On October 7, 2022, we amended the Credit Facilities to, among other things: (i) replace the Credit Facilities’ London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”)-based Eurodollar reference interest rate option with Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Facilities, inclusive of a 10-basis point credit spread adjustment); (ii) amend the provisions relating to the basis for inclusion of real property owned by the Company or certain of its subsidiaries in the borrowing base for the Revolving Credit Facility; (iii) amend the minimum amount of commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility and the proportion that such commitments may compose of the total Credit Facility commitments made by the lenders; and (iv) adjust aspects of the offset account used for voluntary reductions to interest under the Floor Plan Facilities.
On March 13, 2024, we amended the Credit Facilities (the “Sixth Credit Facility Amendment”) to extend the maturity date to March 13, 2029, with a permitted one-year extension option thereafter, and reduce the aggregate commitments to $2.4 billion. The commitment under the new vehicle revolving floor plan facility was increased to $1.35 billion, the commitment under the used vehicle revolving floor plan facility was reduced to $700.0 million and the commitment under the revolving credit facility remained at $350.0 million. The Sixth Credit Facility Amendment also includes an accordion feature in which the aggregate commitments may be increased at the Company’s option up to $450.0 million allocated between the three facilities on a pro rata basis. The Sixth Credit Facility Amendment also contains the provision indicating that the Revolving Credit Facility commitments cannot be reduced below $50.0 million and may not consist of more than 40% of total commitments.

In addition, the Sixth Credit Facility Amendment (i) increased the basket for quarterly dividends from $0.12 to $0.18 per share of qualified capital stock; (ii) provided additional flexibility for the Company to make asset sales and repurchases of its qualified capital stock; (iii) removed the covenant requiring the Company to maintain a specified consolidated liquidity ratio; and (iv) amended the definition of “Adjusted Term SOFR” to clarify that it is inclusive of a 10-basis point credit spread adjustment. Amounts outstanding under the Credit Facilities bear interest at rates based upon specified credit spreads above Adjusted Term SOFR.

Availability under the Revolving Credit Facility is calculated as the lesser of the current $350.0 million commitment or a borrowing base (the “Revolving Borrowing Base”) collateralized by certain eligible assets, less any outstanding letters of credit and borrowings. As of March 31, 2024, the Revolving Borrowing Base was $350.0 million and we had $11.5 million in outstanding letters of credit and no borrowings, resulting in $338.5 million of availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Our obligations under the Credit Facilities are guaranteed by the Company and certain subsidiaries and are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of the guarantors. We have agreed under the Credit Facilities not to pledge any assets to any third parties (other than those explicitly allowed to be pledged by the amended terms of the Credit Facilities), including other lenders, subject to certain stated exceptions, including floor plan financing arrangements. In addition, the Credit Facilities contain certain negative covenants, including covenants which could restrict or prohibit indebtedness, liens, the payment of dividends and other stockholder distributions, capital expenditures and material dispositions and acquisitions of assets, as well as other customary covenants and default provisions. Specifically, the Credit Facilities permit quarterly cash dividends on our Class A and Class B Common Stock up to $0.18 per share so long as no Event of Default (as defined in the Credit Facilities) has occurred and is continuing and provided that we remain in compliance with all financial covenants under the Credit Facilities. Dividends greater than $0.18 per share are permitted subject to limitations on restricted payments set forth in the Credit Facilities.

4.625% Notes
On October 27, 2021, we issued $650.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.625% Notes, which will mature on November 15, 2029. Sonic used the net proceeds from the issuance of the 4.625% Notes, along with the net proceeds of the 4.875% Notes, to fund the acquisition of RFJ Auto Partners, Inc. and its subsidiaries completed in December 2021 (“RFJ Acquisition”) and to repay existing debt.

10

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The 4.625% Notes were issued under an Indenture, dated as of October 27, 2021 (the “2029 Indenture”), by and among the Company, certain subsidiary guarantors named therein (collectively, the “Guarantors”) and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the “trustee”). The 4.625% Notes are unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis initially by all of the Company’s domestic operating subsidiaries. The parent company has no independent assets or operations. The non-domestic operating subsidiary that is not a guarantor is considered minor. Under certain circumstances set forth in the 2029 Indenture, the guarantees of the certain subsidiaries of the Company comprising the EchoPark Business (as defined in the 2029 Indenture) may be released. The 2029 Indenture also provides substantial flexibility for the Company to enter into fundamental transactions involving the EchoPark Business. The 2029 Indenture provides that interest on the 4.625% Notes will be payable semi-annually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year beginning May 15, 2022. The 2029 Indenture also contains other restrictive covenants and default provisions common for an issue of senior notes of this nature. The 4.625% Notes are redeemable by the Company under certain circumstances. For further discussion of the 4.625% Notes, see Note 6, “Long-Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

4.875% Notes

On October 27, 2021, we issued $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.875% Notes, which will mature on November 15, 2031. Sonic used the net proceeds from the issuance of the 4.875% Notes, along with the net proceeds of the 4.625% Notes, to fund the RFJ Acquisition and to repay existing debt.

The 4.875% Notes were issued under an Indenture, dated as of October 27, 2021 (the “2031 Indenture”), by and among the Company, the Guarantors and the trustee. The 4.875% Notes are unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis initially by all of the Company’s domestic operating subsidiaries. The parent company has no independent assets or operations. The non-domestic operating subsidiary that is not a guarantor is considered minor. Under certain circumstances set forth in the 2031 Indenture, the guarantees of the certain subsidiaries of the Company comprising the EchoPark Business (as defined in the 2031 Indenture) may be released. The 2031 Indenture also provides substantial flexibility for the Company to enter into fundamental transactions involving the Echo-Park Business. The 2031 Indenture provides that interest on the 4.875% Notes will be payable semi-annually in arrears on May 15 and November 15 of each year beginning May 15, 2022. The 2031 Indenture also contains other restrictive covenants and default provisions common for an issue of senior notes of this nature. The 4.875% Notes are redeemable by the Company under certain circumstances. For further discussion of the 4.875% Notes, see Note 6, “Long-Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

Mortgage Facility
On November 22, 2019, we entered into a delayed draw-term loan credit agreement, which was scheduled to mature on November 22, 2024 (the “Mortgage Facility”). On October 11, 2021, we entered into an amendment to the Mortgage Facility to permit the consummation of the RFJ Acquisition and the issuance of the 4.625% Notes and the 4.875% Notes. On November 17, 2022, we entered into an amendment to the Mortgage Facility to, among other things, extend the scheduled maturity date to November 17, 2027.

On November 17, 2022, in connection with the closing of the Fourth Mortgage Facility Amendment, the Company incurred a $320.0 million term loan, with a portion of the proceeds used to repay the entire $77.6 million principal amount of a prior term loan. The $320.0 million borrowing amortizes on a fixed schedule through the maturity date. In addition, the lenders under the Mortgage Facility committed to providing, upon the terms set forth in the Fourth Mortgage Facility Amendment and upon the pledging of sufficient collateral by the Company, delayed draw-term loans in an aggregate principal amount up to $85.0 million (the “Delayed Draw Credit Facility”) and revolving loans in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $95.0 million. Based on this, the aggregate commitments of the lenders under the Mortgage Facility equaled a total of $500.0 million, after satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Mortgage Facility, including the appraisal and pledging of collateral of a specified value. The Fourth Mortgage Facility Amendment also (i) replaced the Mortgage Facility’s LIBOR-based Eurodollar reference interest rate option one-month Term SOFR (as defined in the Mortgage Facility); and (ii) made changes to the pricing grid for loans incurred under the Mortgage Facility, specifying credit spreads based on the Company’s Consolidated Total Lease Adjusted Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Mortgage Facility). As permitted by this amendment, the Company incurred a term loan under the Delayed Draw Credit Facility with a principal amount of $7.0 million on November 18, 2022.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
On March 22, 2024, we entered into an amendment to the Mortgage Facility (the “Fifth Mortgage Facility Amendment”) to conform to the terms of the Sixth Credit Facility Amendment including (i) adding certain specified share exchange transactions as permitted restricted payments and dispositions; (ii) removing the requirement that the Company maintain a specified consolidated liquidity ratio; and (iii) increasing the basket for quarterly dividends from $0.12 to $0.18 per share of qualified capital stock.
As of March 31, 2024, we had $307.0 million of outstanding borrowings and $173.0 million available under the Mortgage Facility.
Interest on the Mortgage Facility is paid monthly in arrears. Amortizing principal payments are scheduled to be $4.0 million per quarter from the quarter ending March 31, 2023 through the quarter ending December 31, 2024 and $6.0 million per quarter from the quarter ending March 31, 2025 through the quarter ending September 30, 2027 with the remaining balance due on the November 17, 2027 maturity date. The Company has the right to prepay outstanding principal at any time without premium or penalty provided the prepayment amount exceeds $0.5 million.
For further discussion of the Mortgage Facility, see Note 6, “Long-Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Mortgage Notes to Finance Companies
As of March 31, 2024, the weighted-average interest rate of our other outstanding mortgage notes (excluding the Mortgage Facility) was 5.20% and the total outstanding mortgage principal balance of these notes (excluding the Mortgage Facility) was approximately $220.8 million. These mortgage notes require monthly payments of principal and interest through their respective maturities, are secured by the underlying properties and contain certain cross-default provisions. Maturity dates for these mortgage notes range from 2024 to 2033.
Covenants

The Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility contain certain negative covenants, including covenants which could restrict or prohibit indebtedness, liens, the payment of dividends and other restricted payments, capital expenditures and material dispositions and acquisitions of assets, as well as other customary covenants and default provisions. The Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility also contain limitations on our ability to pledge assets to third parties, subject to certain stated exceptions.
We were in compliance with the financial covenants under the Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility as of March 31, 2024. Financial covenants include required specified ratios (as each is defined in the Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility) of:
Covenant
Minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage RatioMaximum Consolidated Total Lease Adjusted Leverage Ratio
Required ratio1.205.75
March 31, 2024 actual1.943.10
The Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility contain events of default, including cross defaults to other material indebtedness, change of control events and other events of default customary for syndicated commercial credit facilities. Upon the future occurrence of an event of default, we could be required to immediately repay all outstanding amounts under the Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility.
After giving effect to the applicable restrictions on the payment of dividends under our debt agreements, as of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $264.1 million of net income and retained earnings free of such restrictions. We were in compliance with all restrictive covenants under our debt agreements as of March 31, 2024.
In addition, many of our facility leases are governed by a guarantee agreement between the landlord and us that contains financial and operating covenants. The financial covenants under the guarantee agreement are identical to those under the Credit Facilities and the Mortgage Facility with the exception of one additional financial covenant related to the ratio of EBITDAR to Rent (as defined in the guarantee agreement) with a required ratio of no less than 1.50 to 1.00. As of March 31, 2024, the ratio was 11.70 to 1.00.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
7. Commitments and Contingencies
Guarantees and Indemnification Obligations
In accordance with the terms of our operating lease agreements, our dealership subsidiaries, acting as lessees, generally agree to indemnify the lessor from certain exposure arising as a result of the use of the leased premises, including environmental exposure and repairs to leased property upon termination of the lease. In addition, we have generally agreed to indemnify the lessor in the event of a breach of the lease by the lessee.
In connection with dealership dispositions and facility relocations, certain of our subsidiaries have assigned or sublet to the buyer their interests in real property leases associated with such dealerships. In general, the subsidiaries retain responsibility for the performance of certain obligations under such leases, including rent payments and repairs to leased property upon termination of the lease, to the extent that the assignee or the sublessee does not perform. In the event an assignee or a sublessee does not perform its obligations, Sonic remains liable for such obligations.
In accordance with the terms of agreements entered into for the sale of our dealerships, we generally agree to indemnify the buyer from certain liabilities and costs arising subsequent to the date of sale, including environmental exposure and exposure resulting from the breach of representations or warranties made in accordance with the agreements. While our exposure with respect to environmental remediation is difficult to quantify, our maximum exposure associated with these general indemnifications was approximately $8.0 million as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. These indemnifications typically expire within a period of one to three years following the date of sale. The estimated fair value of these indemnifications was not material and the amount recorded for this contingency was not significant at March 31, 2024.
We also guarantee the floor plan commitments of our 50%-owned joint venture, and the amount of such guarantee at both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was approximately $4.3 million.
Legal Matters
Sonic is involved, and expects to continue to be involved, in various legal and administrative proceedings arising out of the conduct of its business, including regulatory investigations and private civil actions brought by plaintiffs purporting to represent a potential class or for which a class has been certified. Although Sonic is unable to predict with certainty the outcome of any litigation, regulatory investigation or inquiry, in the opinion of management, Sonic does not believe it is reasonably possible that its current and threatened legal proceedings will have a material adverse effect on Sonic’s business, financial position or consolidated results of operations. Given the inherent unpredictability of these types of proceedings, however, it is possible that future adverse outcomes could have a material adverse effect on Sonic’s financial results.
There were no significant liabilities recorded related to legal matters as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.
8. Fair Value Measurements
Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 were as follows:
Fair Value Based on Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Assets:
Cash surrender value of life insurance policies (1)$43.9 $42.9 
Interest rate caps designated as hedges (2)1.1 1.0 
Total assets$45.0 $43.9 
(1)Included in other assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)As of March 31, 2024, approximately $1.1 million was included in other current assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2023, approximately $1.0 million was included in other current assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the fair values of Sonic’s financial instruments, including receivables, notes receivable from finance contracts, notes payable – floor plan, trade accounts payable, borrowings under the revolving credit facilities and certain mortgage notes, approximated their carrying values due either to length of maturity or existence of variable interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates.
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the fair value and the carrying value of Sonic’s significant fixed rate long-term debt were as follows:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Fair ValueCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying Value
(In millions)
4.875% Notes (1)$435.0 $500.0 $447.5 $500.0 
4.625% Notes (1)$578.5 $650.0 $591.5 $650.0 
Mortgage Notes (2)$147.1 $152.8 $156.6 $163.0 
(1)As determined by market quotations from similar securities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively (Level 2).
(2)As determined by the discounted cash flow method (Level 2).
For further discussion of Sonic’s fair value measurements, see Note 11, “Fair Value Measurements,” to the consolidated financial statements in Sonic’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
9. Segment Information
As of March 31, 2024, Sonic had three operating segments: (1) retail automotive franchises that sell new vehicles and buy and sell used vehicles, sell replacement parts, perform vehicle maintenance, warranty and repair services, and arrange finance and insurance products (the “Franchised Dealerships Segment”); (2) pre-owned vehicle specialty retail locations that provide guests an opportunity to search our nationwide inventory, purchase a pre-owned vehicle, select finance and insurance products and sell their current vehicle to us (the “EchoPark Segment”); and (3) retail locations that sell new and used powersports vehicles, perform vehicle maintenance, warranty and repair services, and arrange finance and insurance products (the “Powersports Segment”). Sonic has determined that its operating segments also represent its reportable segments.
The reportable segments identified above are the business activities of Sonic for which discrete financial information is available and for which operating results are regularly reviewed by Sonics chief operating decision maker to assess operating performance and allocate resources. Sonic’s chief operating decision maker is a group of three individuals consisting of: (1) the Company’s Chief Executive Officer; (2) the Company’s President; and (3) the Company’s Chief Financial Officer.

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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Reportable segment financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Revenues:
Franchised Dealerships Segment revenues:
Retail new vehicles$1,439.9 $1,421.0 
Fleet new vehicles19.6 18.8 
Total new vehicles1,459.5 1,439.8 
Used vehicles729.3 767.6 
Wholesale vehicles48.6 58.4 
Parts, service and collision repair439.9 423.8 
Finance, insurance and other, net119.6 117.1 
Franchised Dealerships Segment revenues$2,796.9 $2,806.7 
EchoPark Segment revenues:
Retail new vehicles$ $1.0 
Used vehicles482.9 572.5
Wholesale vehicles28.6 27.0 
Finance, insurance and other, net47.9 50.0 
EchoPark Segment revenues$559.4 $650.5 
Powersports Segment revenues:
Retail new vehicles$15.9 $20.8 
Used vehicles3.4 4.8 
Wholesale vehicles0.1 0.2 
Parts, service and collision repair6.8 6.7 
Finance, insurance and other, net1.5 1.5 
Powersports Segment revenues$27.7 $34.0 
Total consolidated revenues$3,384.0 $3,491.2 

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Income (Loss) (1):
Franchised Dealerships Segment (2)
$62.7 $109.8 
EchoPark Segment (3)
(2.9)(46.8)
Powersports Segment(2.3)0.6 
Total segment income$57.5 $63.6 
Impairment charges (4)
(1.0) 
Income before taxes$56.5 $63.6 
(1)Segment income (loss) for each segment is defined as income (loss) before taxes and impairment charges.
(2)For the three months ended March 31, 2024, amount includes approximately $2.2 million of pre-tax charges for severance and long-term compensation expense and approximately $1.0 million of pre-tax impairment charges related to property and equipment.
(3)For the three months ended March 31, 2024, amount includes approximately $2.1 million of pre-tax charges for severance and long-term compensation expense and approximately $2.1 million of pre-tax charges related to closed store accrued expenses related to the indefinite suspension of operations at certain EchoPark locations. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, amount includes approximately $2.0 million of pre-tax charges for long-term compensation expense.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(4)For the three months ended March 31, 2024, amount includes approximately $1.0 million of pre-tax property and equipment charges for the Franchised Dealerships Segment.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Impairment Charges:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$1.0 $ 
EchoPark Segment  
Powersports Segment  
Total impairment charges$1.0 $ 

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Depreciation and Amortization:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$29.8 $26.5 
EchoPark Segment5.5 7.0 
Powersports Segment1.0 0.8 
Total depreciation and amortization$36.3 $34.3 

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Floor Plan Interest Expense:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$16.0 $9.9 
EchoPark Segment3.8 4.6 
Powersports Segment0.5 0.1 
Total floor plan interest expense$20.3 $14.6 


Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Interest Expense, Other, Net:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$27.8 $26.9 
EchoPark Segment0.7 0.9 
Powersports Segment0.5 0.6 
Total interest expense, other, net$29.0 $28.4 
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In millions)
Segment Capital Expenditures:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$43.0 $31.0 
EchoPark Segment0.4 5.7 
Powersports Segment0.4 0.5 
Total capital expenditures$43.8 $37.2 
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Segment Assets:
Franchised Dealerships Segment$4,214.1 $4,110.8 
EchoPark Segment638.2 667.9 
Powersports Segment220.2 212.0 
Corporate and other:
Cash and cash equivalents15.1 28.9 
Floor plan deposit balance320.0 345.0 
Total assets$5,407.6 $5,364.6 

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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto, as well as the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Unless otherwise noted, we present the discussion in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations on a consolidated basis. To the extent that we believe a discussion of the differences among reportable segments will enhance a reader’s understanding of our financial condition, cash flows and other changes in financial condition and results of operations, the differences are discussed separately. Certain amounts and percentages may not compute due to rounding.
Unless otherwise noted, all discussion of increases or decreases are for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2023. The following discussion of Franchised Dealerships Segment new vehicles, used vehicles, wholesale vehicles, parts, service and collision repair, and finance, insurance and other, net is on a same store basis, except where otherwise noted. All currently operating franchised dealership stores are included within the same store group as of the first full month following the first anniversary of the store’s opening or acquisition. The following discussion of EchoPark Segment used vehicles, wholesale vehicles, and finance, insurance and other, net is on a reported basis, except where otherwise noted. All currently operating EchoPark stores in a local geographic market are included within the same market group as of the first full month following the first anniversary of the market’s opening or acquisition. The following discussion of Powersports Segment new vehicles, used vehicles, wholesale vehicles, parts, service and collision repair, and finance, insurance and other, net is on a reported basis, except where otherwise noted. All currently operating stores in the Powersports Segment are included within the same store group as of the first full month following the first anniversary of the store’s opening or acquisition.
Overview
We are one of the largest automotive retailers in the U.S. (as measured by reported total revenue). As a result of the way we manage our business, we had three reportable segments as of March 31, 2024: (1) the Franchised Dealerships Segment; (2) the EchoPark Segment; and (3) the Powersports Segment. For management and operational reporting purposes, we group certain businesses together that share management and inventory (principally used vehicles) into “stores.” As of March 31, 2024, we operated 108 stores in the Franchised Dealerships Segment, 18 stores in the EchoPark Segment and 13 stores in the Powersports Segment. The Franchised Dealerships Segment consists of 132 new vehicle franchises (representing 26 different brands of cars and light trucks) and 16 collision repair centers in 18 states. The EchoPark Segment consists of 18 stores in 10 states. The Powersports Segment consists of nine franchises in two states.
The Franchised Dealerships Segment provides comprehensive sales and services, including (1) sales of both new and used cars and light trucks; (2) sales of replacement parts and performance of vehicle maintenance, manufacturer warranty repairs, and paint and collision repair services (collectively, “Fixed Operations”); and (3) arrangement of third-party financing, extended warranties, service contracts, insurance and other aftermarket products (collectively, “F&I”) for our guests. The EchoPark Segment sells used cars and light trucks and arranges third-party F&I product sales for our guests in pre-owned vehicle specialty retail locations, and does not offer customer-facing Fixed Operations services. The Powersports Segment offers guests: (1) sales of both new and used powersports vehicles (such as motorcycles, personal watercraft and all-terrain vehicles); (2) Fixed Operations activities; and (3) F&I services. All three segments generally operate independently of one another with the exception of certain shared back-office functions and corporate overhead costs.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Executive Summary
Retail Automotive Industry Performance
The U.S. retail automotive industry’s total new vehicle (retail and fleet combined) seasonally adjusted annual rate of unit sales volume (the “total new vehicle SAAR”) increased 1% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 to approximately 15.4 million vehicles, compared to approximately 15.3 million vehicles for the three months ended March 31, 2023, according to the Power Information Network (“PIN”) from J.D. Power. We currently estimate the 2024 new vehicle industry volume will be between 15.5 million vehicles (flat compared to 2023) and 16.0 million vehicles (an increase of 3% compared to 2023). The effects of interest rates, changes in consumer confidence, availability of consumer financing, manufacturer inventory production levels, incentive levels from automotive manufacturers or shifts in such levels, or timing of consumer demand as a result of economic conditions, natural disasters or other unforeseen circumstances could cause the actual 2024 new vehicle industry volume to vary from expectations. Many factors, including brand and geographic concentrations as well as the industry sales mix between retail and fleet new vehicle unit sales volume, have caused our past results to differ from the industry’s overall trend. Our new vehicle sales strategy focuses on our retail new vehicle sales (as opposed to fleet new vehicle sales) and, as a result, we believe it is appropriate to compare our retail new vehicle unit sales volume to the industry retail new vehicle seasonally adjusted annual rate of unit sales volume (the “retail new vehicle SAAR”) (which excludes fleet new vehicle sales). According to PIN from J.D. Power, the retail new vehicle SAAR remained flat at approximately 12.6 million vehicles for both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
Franchised Dealerships Segment
As a result of the acquisition, disposition, termination or closure of certain franchised dealership stores in 2023 and 2024, the change in reported amounts from period to period may not be indicative of the current or future operational or financial performance of our current group of operating stores.
Retail new vehicle revenue increased 3% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 5% increase in retail new vehicle unit sales volume, partially offset by a 2% decrease in retail new vehicle average selling prices. Retail new vehicle gross profit decreased 29% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, due primarily to increased price competition as a result of higher levels of available inventory and higher inventory invoice cost, which combined to drive lower retail new vehicle gross profit per unit. Retail new vehicle gross profit per unit decreased $1,783 per unit, or 32%, to $3,716 per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024. On a trailing quarter cost of sales basis, our reported Franchised Dealerships Segment new vehicle inventory days’ supply was approximately 50 and 31 days as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, as a result of increased manufacturer production levels.
Retail used vehicle revenue decreased 4% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 7% decrease in retail used vehicle average selling prices, partially offset by a 4% increase in retail used vehicle unit sales volume. Retail used vehicle gross profit increased 1% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily due to the 4% increase in retail used vehicle unit sales volume, partially offset by lower retail used vehicle gross profit per unit. Retail used vehicle gross profit per unit decreased $46 per unit, or 3%, to $1,585 per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024 due primarily to higher inventory acquisition costs and lower selling prices due to increased price competition as a result of ongoing consumer affordability challenges, including the effect of higher interest rates. Wholesale vehicle gross profit (loss) worsened approximately $2.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 due primarily to a $382 per unit, or 110%, worsening of in wholesale vehicle gross profit (loss) per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024. We generally focus on maintaining Franchised Dealerships Segment used vehicle inventory days’ supply in the 25- to 35-day range, which may fluctuate seasonally, in order to limit our exposure to market pricing volatility. On a trailing quarter cost of sales basis, our reported Franchised Dealerships Segment used vehicle inventory days’ supply was approximately 28 and 29 days as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Fixed Operations revenue increased 5% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, and Fixed Operations gross profit increased 6% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by higher repair order volume and higher parts and labor costs that were passed along to consumers. Fixed Operations gross margin increased 70 basis points, to 50.1%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily driven by an increase in warranty revenue contribution and higher customer pay and warranty gross margin.
F&I revenue increased 4% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven by a 4% increase in total retail vehicle unit sales volume. F&I gross profit per retail unit decreased $20 per unit, or 1%, to $2,350 per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024. We believe that our proprietary software applications, playbook processes and guest-centric selling approach enable us to optimize F&I gross profit and penetration rates (the number of F&I products sold per vehicle) across our F&I product lines.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
EchoPark Segment
In January 2024, we closed the remaining seven Northwest Motorsport stores following the closure of three Northwest Motorsport stores in the third quarter of 2023.
Reported total revenues decreased 14% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 10% decrease in retail used vehicle unit sales volume and a 6% decrease in average retail used vehicle unit selling prices. Reported total gross profit increased 34% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily due to a 150% increase in retail used vehicle gross profit per unit, to $294 per unit, partially offset by a 10% decrease in retail used vehicle unit sales volume.
Reported retail used vehicle revenue decreased 16% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by the decrease in retail used vehicle unit sales volume. F&I revenue decreased 4% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by the decrease in retail used vehicle unit sales volume, offset partially by a 6% increase in F&I gross profit per unit. Reported combined retail used vehicle and F&I gross profit per unit increased $1,049 per unit, or 55%, to $2,955 per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024, due primarily to a 150% increase in retail used vehicle gross profit per unit and a 6% increase in F&I gross profit per unit.
Reported wholesale vehicle gross profit decreased approximately $1.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily due to a 139% decrease in wholesale vehicle gross profit per unit. We generally focus on maintaining EchoPark Segment used vehicle inventory days’ supply in the 30- to 40-day range, which may fluctuate seasonally, in order to limit our exposure to market pricing volatility. On a trailing quarter cost of sales basis, our reported EchoPark Segment used vehicle inventory days’ supply was approximately 36 and 48 days as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Same market total revenues increased 12% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily attributable to a 13% increase in total retail used vehicle unit sales volume. The change in same market total retail vehicle unit sales volume is driven primarily by the closure of EchoPark and Northwest Motorsport locations in 2023 and the first quarter of 2024. Same market total gross profit increased 79% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 150% increase in retail used vehicle gross profit per unit.
Powersports Segment
Reported retail new vehicle revenue decreased 24% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily driven by a 24% decrease in retail new vehicle unit sales volume. Retail new vehicle gross profit decreased 43% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, as a result of a 25% decrease in retail new vehicle gross profit per unit and lower retail new vehicle unit sales volume. Retail new vehicle gross profit per unit decreased $897 per unit, or 25%, to $2,676 per unit, due primarily to higher inventory invoice cost. On a trailing quarter cost of sales basis, our reported Powersports Segment new vehicle inventory days’ supply was approximately 225 and 140 days as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, varying based on manufacturer production levels, consumer demand and seasonality.
Reported retail used vehicle revenue decreased 30% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily driven by a 24% decrease in retail used vehicle average selling prices and an 8% decrease in retail used vehicle unit sales volume. Retail used vehicle gross profit decreased 10% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, as a result of lower retail used vehicle unit sales volume. Retail used vehicle gross profit per unit decreased $143 per unit, or 6%, to $2,185 per unit, due primarily to lower retail used vehicle average selling prices. On a trailing quarter cost of sales basis, our reported Powersports Segment used vehicle inventory days’ supply was approximately 99 and 133 days as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Reported Fixed Operations revenue remained flat during the three months ended March 31, 2024, and Fixed Operations gross profit decreased 6% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by lower repair order volume. Fixed Operations gross margin decreased 250 basis points to 46.4% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a decrease in customer pay revenue contribution and lower customer pay gross margin.
Reported F&I revenue remained flat during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 19% decrease in combined retail new and used vehicle unit sales volume, offset by a 22% increase in F&I gross profit per retail unit. F&I gross profit per retail unit increased $217 per unit, or 22%, to $1,197 per unit during the three months ended March 31, 2024.
Same store total revenues decreased 22% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 22% decrease in total vehicle unit sales volume. Same store total gross profit decreased 25% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, driven primarily by a 28% decrease in retail new vehicle gross profit per unit.

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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Results of Operations – Consolidated

As a result of the acquisition, disposition, termination or closure of certain franchised dealership stores and EchoPark stores in 2023 and 2024, the change in consolidated reported amounts from period to period may not be indicative of the current or future operational or financial performance of our current group of operating stores.

New Vehicles – Consolidated
New vehicle revenues include the sale of new vehicles, including new powersports vehicles, to retail customers, as well as the sale of fleet vehicles to businesses for use in their operations. New vehicle revenues and gross profit can be influenced by vehicle manufacturer incentives to consumers (which vary from cash-back incentives to low interest rate financing, among other things), the availability of consumer credit and the level and type of manufacturer-to-dealer incentives, as well as manufacturers providing adequate inventory allocations to our dealerships to meet consumer demand. The automobile manufacturing industry is cyclical and historically has experienced periodic downturns characterized by oversupply and weak demand, both within specific brands and in the industry as a whole. As an automotive retailer, we seek to mitigate the effects of this sales cycle by maintaining a diverse brand mix of dealerships. Our brand diversity allows us to offer a broad range of products at a wide range of prices from lower-priced economy automobiles to luxury automobiles and powersports vehicles.
21

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table depicts the breakdown of our Franchised Dealerships Segment new vehicle revenues by brand for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
Three Months Ended March 31,
New Vehicle Brand20242023
Luxury:
BMW25 %25 %
Mercedes14 %14 %
Lexus%%
Audi%%
Land Rover%%
Porsche%%
Cadillac%%
Volvo%%
MINI%%
Other Luxury (1)— %%
Total Luxury62 %63 %
Mid-line Import:
Honda11 %10 %
Toyota%%
Volkswagen%%
Hyundai%%
Other Mid-line Import (2)%%
Total Mid-line Import24 %23 %
Domestic:
General Motors (3)%%
Chrysler%%
Ford%%
Total Domestic14 %14 %
Total100 %100 %
(1)Includes Alfa Romeo, Infiniti, Jaguar and Maserati.
(2)Includes Mazda, Nissan and Subaru.
(3)Includes Buick, Chevrolet and GMC.

The U.S. retail automotive industry’s new vehicle unit sales volume below reflects all brands marketed or sold in the U.S. This industry sales volume includes brands we do not sell and markets in which we do not operate, therefore, changes in our new vehicle unit sales volume may not trend directly in line with changes in the industry new vehicle unit sales volume. We believe that the industry retail new vehicle unit sales volume is a more meaningful metric for comparing our new vehicle unit sales volume to the industry due to our minimal fleet vehicle business.
U.S. retail new vehicle SAAR, fleet new vehicle seasonally adjusted annual rate of unit sales volume (the “fleet new vehicle SAAR”) and total new vehicle SAAR were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,Better / (Worse)
20242023% Change
(In millions of vehicles)
U.S. Retail new vehicle SAAR (1)
12.6 12.6 — %
U.S. Fleet new vehicle SAAR
2.8 2.7 %
U.S. Total new vehicle SAAR (1)
15.4 15.3 %
(1)Source: PIN from J.D. Power
22

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Our consolidated reported new vehicle results (combined retail and fleet data) were as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,Better / (Worse)
20242023Change% Change
(In millions, except unit and per unit data)
Reported new vehicle:
Retail new vehicle revenue$1,455.8 $1,442.8 $13.0 %
Fleet new vehicle revenue19.6 18.8 0.8 %
Total new vehicle revenue$1,475.4 $1,461.6 $13.8 %
Retail new vehicle gross profit$96.4 $138.1 $(41.7)(30)%
Fleet new vehicle gross profit0.7 0.9 (0.2)(22)%
Total new vehicle gross profit$97.1 $139.0 $(41.9)(30)%
Retail new vehicle unit sales26,142 25,657 485 %
Fleet new vehicle unit sales379 441 (62)(14)%
Total new vehicle unit sales26,521 26,098 423 %
Revenue per new retail unit$55,689 $56,233 $(544)(1)%
Revenue per new fleet unit$51,708 $42,680 $9,028 21 %
Total revenue per new unit$55,632 $56,004 $(372)(1)%
Gross profit per new retail unit$3,688 $5,381 $(1,693)(31)%
Gross profit per new fleet unit$1,706 $2,020 $(314)(16)%
Total gross profit per new unit$3,660 $5,325 $(1,665)(31)%
Retail gross profit as a % of revenue6.6 %9.6 %(300)bps
Fleet gross profit as a % of revenue3.3 %4.7 %(140)bps
Total new vehicle gross profit as a % of revenue6.6 %9.5 %(290)bps
For further analysis of new vehicle results, see the tables and discussion under the headings “New Vehicles - Franchised Dealerships Segment” and “New Vehicles - Powersports Segment” in the Franchised Dealerships Segment and Powersports Segment sections, respectively, below.
Used Vehicles – Consolidated
Used vehicle revenues include the sale of used vehicles, including used powersports vehicles, to retail customers and at wholesale. Used vehicle revenues are directly affected by a number of factors, including consumer demand for used vehicles, the pricing and level of manufacturer incentives on new vehicles, the number and quality of trade-ins and lease turn-ins available to our dealerships, the availability and pricing of used vehicles acquired at wholesale auction, and the availability of consumer credit. Depending on the mix of inventory sourcing (trade-ins or purchases from customers versus wholesale auction), the days’ supply of used vehicle inventory, and the pricing strategy employed by the dealership, retail used vehicle gross profit per unit and retail used vehicle gross profit as a percentage of revenue may vary significantly from historical levels given recent trends in the used vehicle environment.
23

SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Our consolidated reported retail used vehicle results were as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,Better / (Worse)
20242023Change% Change
(In millions, except unit and per unit data)
Reported retail used vehicle:
Revenue$1,215.6 $1,344.9 $(129.3)(10)%
Gross profit$47.0 $30.0 $17.0 57 %
Unit sales44,056 45,531 (1,475)(3)%
Revenue per unit$27,593 $29,538 $(1,945)(7)%
Gross profit per unit$1,068 $660 $408 62 %
Gross profit as a % of revenue3.9 %2.2 %170 bps
For further analysis of used vehicle results, see the tables and discussion under the headings “Used Vehicles - Franchised Dealerships Segment,” “Used Vehicles and F&I - EchoPark Segment” and “Used Vehicles - Powersports Segment” in the Franchised Dealerships Segment, EchoPark Segment and Powersports Segment sections, respectively, below.
Wholesale Vehicles – Consolidated

Wholesale vehicle revenues are affected by retail new and used vehicle unit sales volume and the associated trade-in volume, as well as short-term, temporary and seasonal fluctuations in wholesale auction pricing. In recent years, wholesale vehicle prices and supply at auction have experienced periods of volatility, impacting our wholesale vehicle revenues and related gross profit (loss), as well as our retail used vehicle revenues and related gross profit. We believe that the current wholesale vehicle price environment is not sustainable in the long term and expect that average wholesale vehicle pricing and related gross profit (loss) will continue to return toward long-term normalized levels in the long run, but may continue to experience volatility through 2024 or beyond. Wholesale vehicle revenues are also significantly affected by our corporate inventory management strategy and policies, which are designed to optimize our total used vehicle inventory and expected gross profit levels and minimize inventory carrying risks.
Our consolidated reported wholesale vehicle results were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,Better / (Worse)
20242023Change% Change
(In millions, except unit and per unit data)
Reported wholesale vehicle:
Revenue$77.3 $85.6 $(8.3)(10)%
Gross profit (loss)$(0.8)$3.0 $(3.8)(127)%
Unit sales8,112 8,406 (294)(3)%
Revenue per unit$9,530 $10,169 $(639)(6)%
Gross profit (loss) per unit$(89)$359 $(448)(125)%
Gross profit (loss) as a % of revenue(0.9)%3.5 %(440)bps
For further analysis of wholesale vehicle results on a segment basis, see the tables and discussion under the headings “Wholesale Vehicles – Franchised Dealerships Segment,” “Wholesale Vehicles – EchoPark Segment” and “Wholesale Vehicles – Powersports Segment” in the Franchised Dealerships Segment, EchoPark Segment and Powersports Segment sections, respectively, below.
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SONIC AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Fixed Operations – Consolidated
Parts, service and collision repair revenues consist of repairs and maintenance requested and paid by customers (“customer pay”), warranty repairs (manufacturer-paid), wholesale parts (sales of parts and accessories to third-party automotive repair businesses) and internal, sublet and other. Parts and service revenue is driven by the volume and mix of warranty repairs versus customer pay repairs, available service capacity (a combination of service bay count and technician availability), vehicle quality, manufacturer recalls, customer loyalty, and prepaid or manufacturer-paid maintenance programs. Internal, sublet and other primarily relates to preparation and reconditioning work performed on vehicles in inventory that are later sold to a third party and may vary based on used vehicle inventory and sales volume from period to period. When that work is performed by one of our dealerships or stores, the work is classified as internal. In the event the work is performed by a third party on our behalf, it is classified as sublet.
We believe that, over time, vehicle quality will continue to improve, but vehicle complexity and the associated demand for repairs by qualified technicians at manufacturer-affiliated dealerships may result in market share gains that could offset any revenue lost from improvement in vehicle quality. We also believe that, over the long term, we have the ability to continue to optimize service capacity and customer retention at our dealerships and stores to further increase Fixed Operations revenues. Manufacturers continue to extend new vehicle warranty periods (in particular for battery electric vehicles) and have also begun to include regular maintenance items in the warranty or complimentary maintenance program coverage. These factors, over the long term, combined with the extended manufacturer warranties on certified pre-owned vehicles, should facilitate growth in our parts and service business. Barriers to long-term growth may include reductions in the rate paid by manufacturers to dealers for warranty repair work performed, as well as the improved quality and design of vehicles that may affect the level and frequency of future customer pay or warranty-related repair revenues.
Our consolidated reported Fixed Operations results were as follows: