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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission file number: 1-14092

 

THE BOSTON BEER COMPANY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Massachusetts

04-3284048

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

\

One Design Center Place, Suite 850, Boston, Massachusetts

(Address of principal executive offices)

02210

(Zip Code)

(617) 368-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Class A Common Stock. $0.01 par value

 

SAM

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒

The aggregate market value of the Class A Common Stock ($0.01 par value) held by non-affiliates of the registrant totaled $2,937.59 million (based on the closing price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2023). All of the registrant’s Class B Common Stock ($0.01 par value) is held by an affiliate.

As of February 23, 2024 there were 9,956,520 shares outstanding of the Company’s Class A Common Stock ($0.01 par value) and 2,068,000 shares outstanding of the Company’s Class B Common Stock ($0.01 par value).

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain parts of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for its 2024 Annual Meeting to be held on May 7, 2024 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

 


 

THE BOSTON BEER COMPANY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

FORM 10-K

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED DECEMBER 30, 2023

 

PART I.

 

 

Page

Item 1.

Business

 

3

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

17

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

25

Item 1C.

Cybersecurity

 

25

Item 2.

Properties

 

26

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

28

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

28

 

 

PART II.

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

29

Item 6.

[Reserved]

 

31

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

32

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

39

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

40

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures

 

71

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

 

71

           Item 9B.

Other Information

 

73

           Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

 

73

 

 

 

 

PART III.

 

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

74

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

 

74

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

74

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

74

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

74

 

 

 

PART IV.

 

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

75

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

 

77

 

 

Signatures

 

78

 

2


 

PART I.

 

Item 1. Business

 

General

 

The Boston Beer Company, Inc. and certain subsidiaries (the “Company”) are engaged in the business of selling alcohol beverages throughout the United States and in selected international markets, under the trademarks “The Boston Beer Company®”, “Twisted Tea Brewing Company®”, “Hard Seltzer Beverage Company”, “Angry Orchard® Cider Company”, “Dogfish Head® Craft Brewery”, “Dogfish Head Distilling Co.”, “Angel City® Brewing Company”, “Coney Island® Brewing Company”, "Green Rebel Brewing Co.", "Truly Distilling Co.", “American Fermentation Company”, “General Admission Brewing Co.”, “TeaPot Worldwide”, and “Sun Cruiser Beverage Co.".

 

Boston Beer produces alcohol beverages, including flavored malt beverages, hard seltzer, beer, and hard cider at Company-owned breweries and its cidery and under contract arrangements at other brewery locations. The four primary Company-owned breweries are focused on production and research and development, including breweries located in Boston, Massachusetts (the “Boston Brewery”), Cincinnati, Ohio (the “Cincinnati Brewery”), Milton, Delaware (the “Milton Brewery”) and Breinigsville, Pennsylvania (the “Pennsylvania Brewery”). These breweries, with the exception of the Pennsylvania Brewery, have tap rooms for retail sales on site. The Company produces a small but growing amount of distilled spirits and spirits based ready to drink beverages (“spirits RTDs”) at the Milton Brewery and other contract brewery locations.

 

The Company also operates three smaller local breweries that are mainly focused on brewing and packaging beers for retail sales on site at tap rooms and gift shops, restaurant activities, developing innovative and traditional beers and in some cases, supporting draft and package accounts in the respective local market areas. These local breweries are located in Boston, Massachusetts (the “Samuel Adams Boston Downtown Tap Room”), Rehoboth, Delaware (“Dogfish Head Brewings and Eats”), Los Angeles, California (the “Angel City Brewery" and "Truly LA”), and Cincinnati, Ohio ("Cincincatti Tap Room").

 

In addition, the Company owns an apple orchard and cidery located in Walden, New York (the “Orchard” and “Cidery”), a restaurant in Rehoboth, Delaware (“Chesapeake & Maine”) and a boutique inn in Lewes, Delaware (the “Dogfish Inn”).

 

The Company sells its beverages in various packages. Sleek cans, standard cans and bottles are sold primarily for off-premise retailers, which include grocery stores, club stores, convenience stores, liquor stores, and other traditional and e-commerce retail outlets. Kegs are sold primarily for on-premise retailers, which include bars, restaurants, stadiums and other venues.

 

The Company’s principal executive offices are located at One Design Center Place, Suite 850, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, and its telephone number is (617) 368-5000.

 

Industry Background

 

Most of the Company’s products are sold through off-premise retailers and the Company estimates the size of its markets using third-party metrics from measured off-premise channels, which is standard in the beer industry.

 

The Company was founded in 1984 as a craft brewery and continues to compete in the craft beer category primarily with its Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head brands. The Company has a strong history of innovation and has internally developed brands outside of the craft beer category that are among the leaders in their respective categories. These brands include Twisted Tea, a flavored malt beverage introduced in 2001, Angry Orchard, a hard cider introduced in 2009, and Truly Hard Seltzer, a hard seltzer introduced in 2016.

 

The Company’s flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, beers, and hard ciders are primarily positioned in the market for High End beer occasions. The Company defines “High End” beers as including hard seltzer and flavored malt beverages, craft beers, domestic specialty beers, and most imported beer and hard cider that are called for by a High End beer drinker occasion. High End beers and beer occasions (the “High End category”) are determined by higher price, quality, image and taste, as compared with regular domestic beers. Boston Beer is one of the largest suppliers in the High End category in the United States.

 

3


 

The domestic beer industry, excluding the High End category, has experienced a decline in shipment volume over the last twenty years. The Company believes that this decline is due to declining alcohol consumption per person in the population, drinkers trading up to drink high-quality, more flavorful beers, health and wellness trends and increased competition from wine and spirits companies. The Company estimates that the High End full year percentage volume changes in 2021, 2022 and 2023 were approximately 2%, (3%), and 1%, respectively. These trends are above the United States beer market volume changes in 2021, 2022 and 2023, of (5%), (5%), and (2%), respectively.

 

Before Prohibition, the United States beer industry consisted of hundreds of small breweries that brewed full-flavored beers. After the end of Prohibition, most domestic brewers shifted production to less flavorful, lighter beers, which use lower-cost ingredients, and can be mass-produced to take advantage of economies of scale in production. This shift towards mass-produced beers coincided with consolidation in the beer industry that by 2008 ultimately resulted in the two largest breweries, Anheuser-Busch InBev (“AB InBev”) and Molson Coors Beverage Company (“Molson Coors”), comprising over 90% of all United States domestic beer production. At the same time, during recent years the number of breweries in the United States has increased significantly from approximately 1,500 in 2009 to over 10,000 in 2023. Most of these breweries are craft (small and independent) brewers. The rise of craft breweries along with the growth of imported beers, flavored malt beverages, and hard seltzers has resulted in a decline in the volume of the two largest breweries who now comprise approximately 75% of all United States domestic beer production, excluding imports.

 

The Company and the alcohol industry, at large, is forecasting significant growth in a newly defined category named “Beyond Beer” that includes flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, spirits RTDs, ciders, and other emerging beverages. The Company believes that the Beyond Beer category in dollars grew approximately 4% in 2022 and 6% in 2023 and is now approximately $9.6 billion at retail and 20% of the combined United States beer market and Beyond Beer category. The Company has approximately a 23% market share of the Beyond Beer category which is the second largest in the category.

 

Approximately 85% of the Company’s 2023 volume is in the Beyond Beer category. The Company believes that the Beyond Beer category is positioned to increase market share.

 

Description of the Company’s Business

 

The Company’s business goal is to become the leading supplier in the High End and Beyond Beer categories by creating and offering high quality alcohol beverages. With the support of a large, well-trained sales organization and world-class brewers, the Company strives to achieve this goal by offering consumer-responsive beverages, increasing brand availability and awareness through traditional media and digital advertising, point-of-sale, promotional programs, and drinker education and engagement.

 

The Company’s beverages are sold by the Company’s sales force to the same types of customers and drinkers in similar size quantities, at similar price points and through substantially the same channels of distribution. These beverages are manufactured using similar production processes, have comparable alcohol content and generally fall within the same regulatory environment.

 

The Company’s strategy is to create and offer a world-class variety of traditional and innovative alcohol beverages. The Company’s primary brands which include the Twisted Tea, Truly Hard Seltzer, Samuel Adams, Angry Orchard and Dogfish Head brands are all available nationally. The Twisted Tea brand family has grown each year since the product was first introduced in 2001 and has established a loyal drinker following and has become the largest selling flavored malt beverage brand. In 2016, the Company began national distribution of the Truly Hard Seltzer brand and it maintained its place as one of the leading brands in the hard seltzer category in 2023. The Samuel Adams brand began in 1984 and the brand is recognized as one of the largest and most respected craft beer brands with a particular focus on lagers and seasonal beers. The Angry Orchard brand was launched in 2011 and since 2013, Angry Orchard has been the largest selling hard cider in the United States. The Dogfish Head brand began in 1995 and is recognized as one of the most innovative and respected craft beer and spirits brand with a particular focus on India Pale Ales (“IPAs”) and spirits RTDs. In addition to its primary brands, the Company has two local brewery brands, Angel City® and Coney Island®, that primarily focus on local and regional distribution.

 

The Company entered the market for spirits RTDs through its Dogfish Head brand in 2021 followed by its Truly Vodka Soda brand in 2022. The Company is planning to launch additional RTD brands during the first quarter of 2024 which include Truly Tequila Soda brand and Sun Cruiser, a new spirit-based hard tea brand made with vodka.

 

4


 

In 2021, the Company entered separate licensing agreements with PepsiCo, Inc. (“Pepsi”) and Jim Beam Brands Co. (“Jim Beam”) to develop, market and sell alcohol beverages. During 2022 and 2023, the Company sold products under the brand names ‘Hard Mountain Dew’ under the Pepsi agreements and ‘Sauza Agave Cocktails’ and ‘Jim Beam Kentucky Coolers’ under the Jim Beam agreements. Also, the Company collected royalties under the Jim Beam agreement on Jim Beam shipments of ‘Truly Vodka’ and ‘Twisted Tea Whiskey’. While the Company believes these agreements represent strategic opportunities to increase volume in the longer term, these combined brands represented approximately 2% of net revenue in 2023.

 

Twisted Tea

 

The Company’s Twisted Tea products generally compete within the flavored malt beverage (“FMB”) category of the beer industry. The Company believes that the FMB category comprises approximately 7% of United States beer consumption and that the volume comprising the FMB category grew approximately 9% in 2022 and 16% in 2023. This category is highly competitive due to, among other factors, the presence of large brewers and spirits companies in the category as well as many smaller national and regional competitors and a fast pace of product innovation.

 

The Company offers over ten styles of flavored malt beverages in the Twisted Tea brand family, most of which are available nationally in both the United States and Canada. The majority of the promotional and distribution efforts for the Twisted Tea brand family are focused on Twisted Tea Original, Twisted Tea Half and Half and variety packs in various standard can packages. During 2023, the Company increased its promotional efforts related to Twisted Tea Light and the style grew over 115% off a relatively small base.

 

Truly Hard Seltzer

 

The Company’s Truly Hard Seltzer brand generally competes within the hard seltzer category that has similar characteristics to the beer industry for reporting and regulatory purposes. This category grew rapidly in the early stages of its development and is highly competitive and includes large international and domestic competitors as well as many smaller national, regional and local craft breweries and hard seltzer companies. Beginning in the latter half of 2021 and continuing into 2023, the category saw sharp declines in volume. The Company believes that the hard seltzer category comprises approximately 6% of United States beer consumption and that the volume comprising the hard seltzer category grew 13% in 2021 and then declined 15% in 2022 and 21% in 2023. This relatively sudden and sharp decline has had a significant impact on the Company's business.

 

The Company offers over thirty styles of hard seltzer in the Truly Hard Seltzer brand family, most of which are available nationally in the United States. The majority of the promotional and distribution efforts for the Truly brand family in 2023 were focused on sleek can variety packages which include, Truly Berry Mix Pack, Truly Tropical Mix Pack, Truly Citrus Mix Pack, Truly Lemonade Seltzer Mix Pack, Truly Fruit Punch Mix Pack, and Truly Margarita Style Pack.

 

In early 2024, the Company is launching a new 8% ABV “Truly Unruly” variety pack, which will replace its Truly Margarita Style Pack, and a new Truly Party Pack, which will replace its Truly Tropical Pack.

 

Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head Beers

 

The Company’s Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head beers generally compete within the craft beer and domestic specialty beer category. The Company believes that the category comprises approximately 5% of United States beer consumption and that the volume comprising the category declined approximately 9% in 2022 and 3% in 2023. This category is highly competitive and includes large international and domestic competitors, as well as many smaller national, regional and local craft breweries.

 

The Company offers over twenty styles of beer in the Samuel Adams brand family and the brand is recognized for helping launch the craft beer industry. Samuel Adams Boston Lager® is the Company’s flagship beer that was introduced in 1984.

 

The Samuel Adams Seasonal program of beers was originally introduced in the late 1980’s and includes various limited availability seasonal beers and variety packs.

 

5


 

The majority of the promotional and distribution efforts for the Samuel Adams brand family are focused on Samuel Adams Boston Lager and the Samuel Adams Seasonal program as well as Samuel Adams Just the Haze, a non-alcoholic hazy IPA that was released in early 2021 and Samuel Adams Gold Rush, a non-alcoholic golden lager that was released in early 2023. The two Samuel Adams non-alcoholic beers combined grew over 80% in 2023 and represent over 5% of the brands total volume. Most Samuel Adams beers are available nationally in various bottle, standard can, and keg packages.

 

The Samuel Adams brand also releases a variety of specialty package and draft beers brewed in limited quantities at its Samuel Adams Downtown Boston Tap Room, Samuel Adams Boston Brewery Tap Room, and Samuel Adams Cincinnati Brewery Tap Room.

 

The Company offers over twenty-five styles of beer in the Dogfish Head brand family. The Dogfish Head brand began in 1995 and it is recognized as an early leader in bringing culinary innovations to the U.S. craft beer market. The majority of the promotional and distribution efforts for the Dogfish Head brand family are focused on continually-hopped Dogfish Head 60 Minute and 90 Minute IPAs, along with seasonal variety packs. These styles are offered in various can, bottle and keg packages. The Dogfish Head brand also releases a variety of specialty package and draft beers brewed in limited quantities at its Dogfish Head Brewings and Eats and Milton Brewery tasting room locations. The Company does not own distribution rights to the Dogfish Head beer and distilled spirits brands outside of the United States and Canada.

 

Angry Orchard Hard Cider

 

The Company’s Angry Orchard ciders compete within the hard cider category that has similar characteristics to the beer industry. The Company believes that the hard cider category comprises approximately 0.6% of United States beer consumption and that the volume comprising the category declined 10% in 2022 and 3% in 2023. This category is small and highly competitive and the competition consists mostly of many small regional and local hard cider companies.

The Company offers over ten styles of hard cider in the Angry Orchard brand family, most of which are available nationally in the United States in various bottle, can, and keg packages. The majority of the promotional and distribution efforts for the Angry Orchard brand family are focused on Angry Orchard Crisp Apple. The Angry Orchard brand also releases a variety of specialty package and draft ciders fermented in limited quantities at its Company-owned Orchard and Cidery in Walden, New York.

 

Dogfish Head Spirit RTDs, Truly Vodka Soda and Truly Tequila Soda

The Company’s Dogfish Head Distilling Canned Cocktails brand and Truly Vodka and Tequilla Soda brands compete in the spirits RTD category. The Company believes that the spirits RTD category comprises over 11% of the United States Beyond Beer market and that the dollar value comprising the category increased 78% and 54% in 2022 and 2023, respectively. This category is small and highly competitive and includes large international and domestic competitors, as well as many small regional and local craft distilling companies.

The Dogfish Head brand began distilling spirits in 2002 and is considered one of the original craft distilleries. The Company offers over 15 styles of distilled spirits under the Dogfish Head brand in small quantities that are sold in limited markets. In 2021, the Company entered the market for spirits RTDs through its Dogfish Head brand.

 

The Company currently offers seven styles of spirits RTDs under the Dogfish Head brand that are available nationally in sleek can and sleek can variety packages.

 

The Company currently offers eleven styles of spirits RTDs under the Truly Vodka Soda brand that are available nationally in sleek can and sleek can variety packages. In the second half of 2023, the Company introduced its Truly Tequila Soda variety pack to limited test markets. The Company is planning to launch the Truly Tequila Soda variety pack nationally during the first quarter of 2024.

 

The Company continually evaluates the performance of its beverages and the rationalization of its product lines as a whole. Periodically, the Company discontinues certain styles and packages. For example, during the first half of 2023, the Company discontinued Truly Iced Tea Variety Pack and is planning to discontinue Truly Margarita Style Variety Pack and Truly Tropical Variety Pack during the first half of 2024. Certain styles or brands put on hiatus or discontinued in previous years may be produced for the Company’s variety packs or reintroduced.

 

6


 

Product Innovations

 

The Company has a proven track record of innovation and building new brands and is committed to maintaining its position as a leading innovator. To that end, the Company continually tests new alcohol beverages and may sell them under various brand labels for evaluation of drinker interest. The Boston Brewery, the Milton Brewery and the Orchard, along with its other larger breweries and brewery tap rooms spend significant time ideating, testing and developing alcohol beverages for the Company’s potential future commercial development and evaluating ingredients and process improvements for existing beverages.

 

The Company’s most significant innovations in 2023 were the launches of new styles of its Truly Vodka Soda brand and its launch in limited markets of Truly Tequila Soda and Slingers, a new flavored malt beverage brand. In the first quarter of 2024, the Company is planning to launch Truly Tequila Soda nationally and expand Slingers to more markets. Also, during the first quarter of 2024, the Company is planning to launch two new brands in limited markets. These two new brands are Sun Cruiser, a new vodka based hard tea and General Admission, a new non-alcoholic beer. During the rest of 2024, the Company has plans to add new beverage styles and reformulate existing styles of beverages.

 

In May 2021, the Company announced that it was establishing a subsidiary to serve as a dedicated research and innovation hub in the federally regulated market of Canada focused on non-alcoholic cannabis beverages. This subsidiary enables the Company to develop and pilot unique cannabis beverages, while cannabis regulations continue to evolve in the United States and worldwide. The Company began selling limited quantities of cannabis beverage products in Canada under the TeaPot brand during the second half of 2022. The Company currently does not have plans to produce or sell any cannabis products outside of Canada.

 

Sales, Distribution, and Marketing

 

As dictated by the legal and regulatory environment, most all the Company’s sales are made to a network of over 300 wholesalers in the United States and to a network of foreign wholesalers, importers or other agencies (collectively referred to as “Distributors”). These Distributors, in turn, sell the products to retailers, such as grocery stores, club stores, convenience stores, liquor stores, bars, restaurants, stadiums and other traditional and e-commerce retail outlets, where the products are sold to drinkers, and in some limited circumstances to parties who act as sub-distributors. The Company sells its products predominantly in the United States, but also has markets in Canada, Europe, Israel, Australia, New Zealand, the Caribbean, the Pacific Rim, Mexico, and Central and South America.

 

With few exceptions, the Company’s products are not the primary brands in its Distributors’ portfolios. Thus, the Company, in addition to competing with other beverages for a share of the drinker’s business, competes with other beverage companies for a share of the Distributor’s attention, time and selling efforts. During 2023, the Company’s largest individual Distributor accounted for approximately 3% of the Company’s gross sales. The top three individual Distributors collectively accounted for approximately 7% of the Company’s gross sales. In some states and countries, the Company’s contracts with its Distributors may be affected by laws that restrict the enforcement of some contract terms, especially those related to the Company’s right to terminate the relationship.

 

Historically, most of the Company’s products were shipped within days of packaging, resulting in limited finished goods at the Company’s breweries and third-party production facilities. The Company received most of its orders from Distributors in the first week of a month for products to be shipped the following month. Distributors would carry three to five weeks of packaged inventory and three to four weeks of draft inventory and the Company was able to meet Distributor orders with limited out of stocks.

 

Beginning in 2019, primarily as a result of higher than anticipated demand for the Truly Hard Seltzer and Twisted Tea brands and supply chain constraints, the Company began to have out of stocks and at times was not able to fully meet Distributor demand, particularly during the peak summer months. In response to these out of stocks, the Company began working with certain Distributors on plans to increase Distributor inventories of packaged inventory of Truly Hard Seltzer and Twisted Tea brands to ensure that drinker demand could be met. Beginning in the second half of 2021, as the hard seltzer category slowed significantly more than industry expectations, both Company inventory and Distributors inventory in terms of days on hand increased above historical levels. In 2021, this resulted in write-offs of excess inventory at the Company’s breweries and warehouses and lower orders as distributors aggressively reduced their inventory levels.

 

During 2022, the Company produced and sourced materials for Truly Hard seltzer and some of its newer brands at the upper end of its projections to avoid out of stocks at retail. This led to improved customer service levels and significantly fewer out of stocks but resulted in additional write-offs of excess inventory at the Company’s breweries and warehouses. During 2023,

7


 

the Company significantly improved its supply chain functions which led to reduced inventories internally and at distributors, while improving customer service levels and significantly reducing write-offs of excess inventory. The Company continues to work on its supply chain transformation initiatives to better manage inventory and further reduce write-offs of excess inventory.

 

The Company believes distributor inventory as of December 30, 2023 was at an appropriate level for each of its brands and averaged approximately four weeks on hand compared to five weeks on hand at December 31, 2022.

 

Boston Beer has a sales force of over 475 people, which the Company believes is one of the largest in the domestic beer industry. The Company’s sales organization is designed to develop and strengthen relations at the Distributor, retailer and drinker levels by providing educational and promotional programs. The Company’s sales force has a high level of product knowledge and is trained in the details of the brewing and selling processes. Sales representatives typically carry samples of the Company’s beverages and other promotional materials to educate wholesale and retail buyers about the quality and taste of the Company’s products. The Company has developed strong relationships with its Distributors and retailers, many of which have benefited from the Company’s premium pricing strategy and growth.

 

The Company also engages in media campaigns, including television, digital and social media, radio, billboards, and print. These media efforts are complemented by participation in sponsorships, which currently include the United States Soccer Federation, the Boston Red Sox, and other professional sports teams, the Boston Marathon, local concert and festivals, and industry-related trade shows and promotional events at local establishments, to the extent permitted under local laws and regulations. The Company uses a wide array of point-of-sale items (banners, neon signs, umbrellas, glassware, display pieces, signs and menu stands) designed to stimulate impulse sales and continued awareness.

 

Packaging and Ingredients

 

Historically, the Company has been successful in obtaining sufficient quantities of the packaging materials and ingredients used in the production of its beverages. During 2020 and 2021, the Company experienced some supply chain constraints in packaging materials, primarily cans, that impacted the Company’s production schedules and increased can costs as a result of using a more expensive can supplier. The Company enters into limited-term supply agreements with certain vendors in order to receive preferential pricing. The Company maintains competitive sources for most all packaging materials and ingredients. In 2023, certain flavorings, crowns and labels were each supplied by a single source; however, the Company believes that, given time to adjust, alternative suppliers are available. The most significant packaging and ingredients include:

 

Cans. Truly Hard Seltzer brand beverages are primarily packaged in sleek cans and Twisted Tea brand beverages are primarily packaged in standard cans. In 2023, approximately 79% of the Company’s total volume was packaged in cans and the Company expects that percentage to increase further in 2024. The demand for cans in the beverage industry significantly increased during 2020 and 2021 and there was a shortage of capacity, as can manufacturers adjusted their supply chains to keep up with the increased demand which had accelerated beginning in 2020 as alcohol consumption shifted from on-premise to off-premise. In 2021, as the Truly brand family and the Twisted brand families grew, the Company experienced supply shortages and these supply shortages impacted the Company’s production schedules and increased can costs as a result of using a more expensive can supplier. During 2022 and 2023, the Company did not have any significant disruptions in its can supply and the Company currently believes that it will have a sufficient supply of cans in 2024.

 

Flavorings and Fruit Juice. The Company’s beverages include many unique and proprietary flavors and combinations of flavors and some of these flavorings are single sourced. Truly Hard Seltzer and Twisted Tea brand beverages are particularly reliant on the use of flavorings and a variety of flavors as part of their appeal to drinkers. The Company is working closely with various flavoring and fruit juice suppliers to ensure it has an adequate supply and currently believes that it will have sufficient supply of flavorings and fruit juice in 2024.

 

Cardboard. The Company’s beverages are packaged primarily in cardboard wraps, carriers and cardboard shipping cases. During 2020, the Company experienced a disruption to its supply of cardboard wraps which impacted its production schedules. Since 2020, the Company has not had any significant disruptions in its supply of cardboard and the Company currently believes that it will have a sufficient supply of cardboard wraps in 2024.

 

Glass. Some of the Company’s beverages are sold in glass bottles. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic during 2020 and 2021, the demand for glass bottles in the beverage industry significantly increased and there was a shortage of capacity, as glass manufacturers needed to adjust their supply chains to keep up with the increased demand. The most recent disruption was during the fourth quarter of 2020, which impacted production schedules. Since 2020, the Company has not had any

8


 

significant disruptions in its supply of glass and the Company currently believes that it will have a sufficient supply of glass in 2024.

 

Malt. The two-row varieties of barley used in the Company’s malt are mainly grown in the United States and Canada. The 2023 North American barley crop, which will support 2024 malt needs, was generally consistent with historical long-term averages with regard to both quality and quantity. The Company purchased most of the malt used in the production of its beers from four suppliers during 2023. The Company also believes that there are other malt suppliers available that are capable of supplying its needs.

 

Hops. The Company uses Noble hop varieties from Europe for many of its Samuel Adams beers and also uses hops grown in other areas of Europe, the United States, and New Zealand. Noble hops are grown in several specific areas in Germany and the Czech Republic that are recognized for growing hops with superior taste and aroma properties. The Company uses hops in various formats including T-90 hop pellets, T-45 hop pellets and CO2 Extract. The Company stores its hops in multiple cold storage warehouses to minimize the impact of a catastrophe at a single site.

 

The Company enters into purchase commitments with seven primary hop dealers and attempts to maintain a one to two-year supply of essential hop varieties on-hand in order to limit the risk of an unexpected reduction in supply and procures hops needed for new beers, based on its best estimate of likely short-term demand. The Company classifies hops inventory in excess of two years of forecasted usage as other long term assets.

 

Variations to usage plans could result in hops shortages for specific beers or an excess of certain hops varieties.

 

Yeast. The Company uses multiple yeast strains for production of its beverages. While some strains are commercially available, other strains are proprietary. Since the proprietary strains cannot be replaced if destroyed, the Company protects these strains by storing multiple cultures of the same strain at different production locations and in several independent laboratories.

 

Apples. The Company uses special varieties and origins of apples in its hard ciders that it believes are important for their flavor profiles. In 2023, these apples were sourced primarily from Europe and the United States and include bittersweet apples from France and culinary apples from Italy, Washington State and New York. Purchases and commitments are denominated in Euros for European apples and US Dollars for American apples. There is limited availability of some of these apple varieties, and many outside factors, including weather conditions, growers rotating from apples to other crops, competitor demand, government regulation and legislation affecting agriculture could affect both price and supply.

 

Quality Assurance

 

The Company employs a quality assurance team and brewmasters to monitor the Company’s brewing operations and control the production of its beverages both at Company-owned breweries and at the third-party production facilities at which the Company’s products are brewed, fermented or distilled. Extensive tests, tastings and evaluations are typically required to ensure that each batch of the Company’s beverages conforms to the Company’s standards. The Company has on-site quality control labs at each of the Company-owned breweries and supports the smaller tap rooms and local breweries with additional centralized lab services.

 

With the exception of certain specialty and distilled products, the Company includes a clearly legible “freshness” date on every bottle, can and keg of its beverages, in order to ensure that its drinkers enjoy only the freshest products. Boston Beer was the first American brewer to use this practice.

 

Production Strategy

 

The Company continues to pursue a production strategy that includes production at breweries owned by the Company and breweries and packaging facilities owned by others. The Company made capital investments in 2023 of approximately $63.9 million, most of which represented investments in these breweries. These investments were made to drive efficiencies and cost reductions and support product innovation. Based on its current estimates of future volumes and mix, the Company expects to invest between $90 million and $110 million in 2024 to meet those estimates. Because actual capital investments are highly dependent on meeting demand, the actual amount spent may well be significantly different from the Company’s current expectations.

 

The Pennsylvania Brewery, the Cincinnati Brewery and the Milton Brewery produced most of the Company’s shipment volume from breweries owned by the Company during 2023. The Pennsylvania Brewery is the Company’s largest brewery.

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Production and retail activities at the Company's local breweries and tap rooms are mainly for brewing and packaging beers for retail sales on site at tap rooms and gift shops, restaurant activities, developing innovative and traditional beers and in some cases supporting draft and package accounts in the respective local market areas.

 

The Cidery’s production is mainly for developing new types of innovative hard ciders and fermenting and packaging ciders for retail sales on site at the Cidery and supporting draft and package accounts in the local market area.

 

During the years ended December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company brewed, fermented, and packaged approximately 71% and 65%, respectively, of its volume at Company-owned breweries. In the normal course of its business, the Company has historically entered into various production arrangements with other brewing companies. Pursuant to these arrangements, the Company generally supplies raw materials and packaging to those brewing companies and incurs conversion fees for labor at the time the liquid is produced and packaged. The Company has made up-front payments that were used for capital improvements at these third-party production facilities that it expenses over the period of the contracts.

 

The Company currently has a brewing and packaging services agreement with subsidiaries of City Brewing Company, LLC (“City Brewing”). During 2023 and 2022, City Brewing supplied approximately 22% and 26%, respectively, of the Company’s annual shipment volume, respectively. In accordance with the brewing and packaging services agreement, the Company has paid to City Brewing $113.4 million for capital improvements at City Brewing facilities and other pre-payments. During 2022, the Company amended its agreement with City Brewing to ensure access to capacity at a new location and continued access at certain existing locations. The agreement includes a minimum capacity availability commitment by City Brewing and the Company is obligated to meet annual minimum volume commitments and is subject to contractual shortfall fees, if these annual minimum volume commitments are not met. The Company has the contractual right to extend its agreement with City Brewing beyond the December 31, 2024 termination date on an annual basis through December 31, 2035.

 

The Company currently has a production agreement with Rauch North America (“Rauch”). The agreement includes a minimum capacity availability commitment by Rauch and the Company is obligated to meet annual minimum volume commitments and is subject to contractual shortfall fees, if these annual minimum volume commitments are not met. Production under the Rauch agreement commenced in early 2022. The initial term of the agreement expires December 31, 2031 with provisions to extend.

 

At current production volume projections, the Company believes that it will fall short of its future annual volume commitments at certain third-party production facilities and will incur shortfall fees. The Company expenses the shortfall fees during the contractual period when such fees are incurred as a component of cost of goods sold. During 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded $9.5 million and $3.0 million, respectively, in shortfall fees. As of December 30, 2023, if volume for the remaining term of the production arrangements was zero, the contractual shortfall fees, with advance notice as specified in the related contractual agreements, would total approximately $106 million over the duration of the contracts which have expiration dates through December 31, 2031. At current volume projections and based on understandings reached with these third-party production facilities, the Company anticipates that it will recognize approximately $41 million of shortfall fees and expects to record those expenses as follows:

 

 

 

Expected Shortfall Fees to be Incurred

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

2024

 

$

13

 

2025

 

 

13

 

2026

 

 

3

 

2027

 

 

3

 

2028

 

 

2

 

Thereafter

 

 

7

 

Total shortfall fees expected to be incurred

 

$

41

 

 

The Company currently expects that the percentage of total production at breweries and packaging facilities owned by others will be approximately 24% in 2024. The Company selects breweries and packaging facilities owned by others with one or more of: (i) sleek can packaging and automated variety packaging capability and capacity; (ii) first-rate quality control capabilities throughout the process; and (iii) the capability of utilizing traditional brewing, fermenting and finishing methods. Under its brewing and packaging arrangements with third parties, the Company is charged a service fee based on units produced at each of the facilities.

 

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The Company’s international business is supplied by breweries owned by the Company, under third-party production and packaging agreements, and production under license at international locations.

 

While the Company believes that it has alternatives available to it, in the event that production at any of its current locations is interrupted, severe interruptions at the Pennsylvania Brewery, Cincinnati Brewery, or City Brewing facilities would be most problematic, especially in seasonal peak periods. In addition, the Company may not be able to maintain its current economics, if interruptions were to occur, and could face significant delays in starting up replacement production locations. Potential interruptions at breweries include labor issues, governmental actions, quality issues, contractual disputes, machinery failures, operational shutdowns, or natural or other unavoidable catastrophes. The Company would work with available contract brewers to attempt to minimize any potential disruptions.

 

Competition

 

The Beer industry in the United States is highly competitive due to large domestic and international brewers and the increasing number of craft brewers and craft distilleries in this category who distribute similar products that have similar pricing and target drinkers.

 

The two largest brewers in the United States, AB InBev and Molson Coors, participate actively in the High End and Beyond Beer categories, through numerous flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, beers, and spirit RTDs from existing beer brands or new brands, importing and distributing import brands, and with their own domestic specialty beers, either by developing new brands or by acquiring, in whole or part, existing brands. In addition, AB InBev and Molson Coors have business units headquartered in the United States that are focused exclusively on competing in the High End and Beyond Beer categories. Imported beers, such as Modelo Especial®, Corona®, Heineken®, and Stella Artois®, continue to compete aggressively in the United States and have gained market share over the last ten years. Constellation Brands (owner of the United States Distribution rights to Modelo Especial and Corona) and Heineken may have substantially greater financial resources, marketing strength and distribution networks than the Company.

 

More recently, beginning in 2021, large non-alcoholic beverage companies including The Coca-Cola Company (“Coke"), Pepsi, Monster Beverage Corporation (“Monster”), and Arizona Beverage Company (“Arizona") have begun to enter these markets directly or through licensing agreements with alcoholic beverage companies to develop alcohol versions of existing traditional non-alcohol brands. Coke has entered into agreements with Molson Coors to develop, market and sell Topo Chico brand Hard Seltzer, Simply Spiked Lemonade, and Peace Hard Tea. Coke also announced agreements with Constellation Brands to develop, market and sell FRESCA™ Mixed and with Brown Forman to develop, market and sell Jack Daniel's® Tennessee Whiskey and Coca-Cola®™ Ready-to-Drink Cocktail. As previously discussed, the Company has entered into an agreement with Pepsi to develop, market and sell Hard Mountain Dew, to take advantage of this trend. Pepsi also entered an agreement in late 2022 with FIFCO USA, a New York based brewery, to develop, market and sell Lipton Hard Iced Tea which launched during the first half of 2023. In addition, Monster acquired CaNarchy Craft Brewery Collective in early 2022 and launched the Beast Unleashed, a new brand of flavored malt beverages in early 2023 which includes Nasty Beast Hard Tea. Arizona, after earlier development and launch in 2020 in Canadian markets, launched Arizona Hard Tea in certain markets in the United States during 2023.

 

The Company’s Twisted Tea beverages compete generally within the FMB category of the beer industry. FMBs, such as Twisted Tea, Mike’s Hard Lemonade, Smirnoff Ice, Cayman Jack, Beast Unleashed, Bud Light Lime, Redd’s Apple Ale, Seagrams Escapes are typically priced competitively with High End beers. As Twisted Tea has grown, more hard teas have been introduced by competitors. Some of these hard tea competitors currently include Arizona Hard Tea, Arnold Palmer Spiked, Nasty Beast Hard Tea, VooDoo Ranger Hard Charged Tea, Hoop Hard Tea, 2Hoots Hard Tea and Peace Hard Tea. As noted earlier, the FMB category is highly competitive due to, among other factors, the presence of large brewers and spirits companies in the category, the advertising of malt-based spirits brands in channels not available to the parent brands and a fast pace of product innovation.

 

The Company’s Truly Hard Seltzer beverages compete primarily within the hard seltzer category of the beer industry. This category grew quickly from 2016 to 2021 and then declined in 2022 and 2023. The hard seltzer category, is highly competitive and includes large international and domestic competitors. Hard seltzers are typically priced competitively with High End beers and may compete for drinkers with beer, wine, spirits, or FMBs. Some of these competitors include Mark Anthony Brands under the brand name “White Claw” "White Claw Surf" and "White Claw Surge."; ABInBev under “Bud Light Seltzer”, and “Michelob Ultra Organic Seltzer”, and Molson Coors under “Vizzy Hard Sparkling Water” and "Topo Chico".

 

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The Company’s Truly brand, including Truly Hard Seltzer, Truly Vodka Soda, and Truly Tequila Soda also compete against a sub-category of Spirits RTDs that the Company and the alcohol industry at large categorize as Spirit Seltzer and Soda. The Spirit Seltzer and Soda sub-category generally consists of lower calorie and lower alcohol Spirits RTDs that are similar in flavor and taste to the hard seltzer category beverages but at a higher price. The leading brand in the Spirit Seltzer and Soda category is owned by E&J Gallo Winery under the brand name "High Noon” and other competitors in the category include ABInBev under “Nutrl Vodka Seltzer”, Mark Anthony under "White Claw Vodka Soda" and "Rey Azul Tequila and Soda" and Molson Coors under "Topo Chico Spirited Can Cocktails".

 

The Company’s Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head beers compete primarily within the craft beer and domestic specialty beer category of the beer industry. The Company expects competition and innovation among domestic craft brewers to remain strong, as the number of craft brewers continues to grow. The Company estimates there are over 10,000 breweries in operation, up from approximately 1,500 operating breweries in 2009. Most of these new breweries are craft (small and independent) brewers. Also, some existing craft breweries are building more capacity, adding additional local tap rooms, expanding geographically and adding more SKUs and styles.

 

In recent years, there have been numerous announcements of acquisitions of or investments in craft brewers by larger breweries and private equity and other investors. The most significant acquisitions include Heineken’s acquisition of Lagunitas Brewing Company for approximately $1 billion and AB InBev’s and Molson Coors purchase of multiple smaller craft breweries.

 

The Company’s Angry Orchard product line competes within the hard cider category. As noted earlier, this category is small and highly competitive and the competitors include mostly small regional and local hard cider companies. Hard ciders are typically priced competitively with High End Beers and may compete for drinkers with beer, wine, spirits, or FMBs. Some of these competitors include "Bold Rock", "Ace" and "2 Towns".

 

The Company’s Dogfish Head Canned Cocktails compete in the spirits RTDs category. This category is small and highly competitive and includes large international and domestic competitors, as well as many small regional and local distilling companies. Spirits RTDs are typically priced above High End Beers and may compete for drinkers with beer, wine, spirits, or FMBs. As discussed above, spirits RTDs consist of the sub-category of Spirit Seltzer and Soda. Dogfish Head Canned Cocktails generally competes in the other sub-category of spirits RTDs named Spirits-based Canned Cocktails. Beverages in the Spirits-based Canned Cocktails sub-category generally have more flavor and higher alcohol than spirits RTDs in the sub-category of Spirit Seltzer and Soda. Some of these Spirits-based Canned Cocktails competitors include; ABInBev under the brand name "Cutwater" and Diageo under the brand name "Crown Royal".

 

The Company’s products also compete with other alcoholic beverages for drinker attention and consumption and the pace of innovation in the categories in which the Company competes is increasing. In recent years, wine and spirits have been competing more directly with beers. The Company monitors such activity and attempts to develop strategies which benefit from the drinker’s interest in trading up, in order to position its beverages competitively with wine and spirits.

 

The Company competes with other beer and alcoholic beverage companies within a three-tier distribution system. The Company competes for a share of the Distributor’s attention, time and selling efforts. At retail, the Company competes for traditional retail shelf, cold box and tap space, as well as e-commerce placement. From a drinker perspective, competition exists for brand acceptance and loyalty. The principal factors of competition in the market for High End beer and Beyond Beer occasions include product quality and taste, brand advertising and imagery, trade and drinker promotions, pricing, packaging and the development of innovative new products.

 

The Company distributes its products through independent Distributors who also distribute competitors’ products. Certain brewers have contracts with their Distributors that impose requirements on the Distributors that are intended to maximize the Distributors’ attention, time and selling efforts on that brewer’s products. These contracts generally result in increased competition among brewers as the contracts may affect the manner in which a Distributor allocates selling effort and investment to the brands included in its portfolio. The Company closely monitors these and other trends in its Distributor network and works to develop programs and tactics intended to best position its products in the market.

 

The Company has certain competitive advantages over other brewers and competitors, including a long history of awards for product quality, greater available resources and the ability to distribute and promote its products on a more cost-effective basis. Additionally, the Company believes it has competitive advantages over imported beers, including lower transportation costs, higher product quality, a lack of import charges and superior product freshness.

 

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Regulation and Taxation

 

The alcoholic beverage industry is regulated by federal, state and local governments. These regulations govern the production, sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages, including permitting, licensing, marketing and advertising. To operate its production facilities, the Company must obtain and maintain numerous permits, licenses and approvals from various governmental agencies, including but not limited to, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (the “TTB”), the Food and Drug Administration, state alcohol regulatory agencies and state and federal environmental agencies.

 

Governmental entities may levy various taxes, license fees and other similar charges and may require bonds to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Beginning in 2018, as a result of the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”, the Company’s federal excise tax rate on hard seltzer and beer decreased from $18 to $16 per barrel on all barrels below 6 million barrels produced annually. The top tier rate on hard cider (with alcohol by volume of 8.5% or less) is $0.226 per gallon, on hard cider (with non-qualifying fermentable fruits) is $1.07 per gallon, on artificially carbonated wine (hard cider with high CO2 levels) is $3.30 per gallon, and on distilled spirits is $13.50 per proof gallon. States levy excise taxes at varying rates based on the type of beverage and alcohol content. Failure by the Company to comply with applicable federal, state or local laws and regulations could result in higher taxes, penalties, fees and suspension or revocation of permits, licenses or approvals. While there can be no assurance that any such regulatory action would not have a material adverse effect upon the Company or its operating results, the Company is not aware of any infraction affecting any of its licenses or permits that would materially impact its ability to continue its current operations.

 

Trademarks

 

The Company has obtained trademark registrations with the United States Patent and Trademark Office for over 400 trademarks, including Samuel Adams®, Sam Adams®, Twisted Tea®, Truly®, Truly Hard Seltzer®, Angry Orchard®, Dogfish Head®, Coney Island®, and Angel City Brewery®. It also has a number of common law trademarks. Several Company trademarks are also registered or have registrations pending in various foreign countries. The Company regards its trademarks as having substantial value and as being an important factor in the marketing of its products. The Company is not aware of any trademark infringements that could materially affect its current business or any prior claim to the trademarks that would prevent the Company from using such trademarks in its business. The Company’s policy is to pursue registration of its marks whenever appropriate and to oppose infringements of its marks through available enforcement options.

 

Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulations and Operating Considerations

 

The Company’s operations are subject to a variety of extensive and changing federal, state and local environmental and occupational health and safety laws, regulations and ordinances that govern activities or operations that may have adverse effects on human health or the environment. Environmental laws, regulations or ordinances may impose liability for the cost of remediation of, and for certain damages resulting from, sites of past releases of hazardous materials. The Company believes that it currently conducts, and in the past has conducted, its activities and operations in substantial compliance with applicable environmental laws, and believes that any costs arising from existing environmental laws will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.

 

As part of its efforts to be environmentally responsible, the Company has adopted a number of practices designed to improve recycling, waste reduction, and utilities consumption at its breweries.

 

The Company has adopted various policies and procedures intended to ensure that its facilities meet occupational health and safety requirements. The Company believes that it currently is in compliance with applicable requirements and will continue to endeavor to remain in compliance. In the future, however, new and more restrictive requirements could well be adopted, compliance with which might have a material, adverse financial effect on the Company and its operating results. There can be no assurances that such policies and procedures will be consistently followed and be sufficient to prevent serious accidents.

 

Among the Company’s key Environmental, Social, and Governance ("ESG") achievements in 2022 was the publication of its inaugural ESG Report entitled Setting the Course for the Future, which is available on the Company’s investor relations website at www.bostonbeer.com. While the Company is just starting its ESG journey, it has long believed in the importance of accurate and transparent reporting on the impact that the Company has on its people, the planet, and its communities. Going forward, the Company intends to share its progress regarding its ESG initiatives in its annual ESG Report, but the Company will continue to share select highlights in its 10-K and annual proxy statement.

 

Human Capital Resources

 

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As of December 30, 2023, the Company had 2,793 coworkers, of which 169 were represented by unions or similar organizations. The Company’s Executive Leadership Team (“ELT”) is comprised of the Company's CEO and seven of his direct reports who collectively have management responsibility for the Company's primary business areas, including but not limited to brewing, supply chain operations, sales, marketing, finance, legal, and people and culture. The Company’s Board of Directors and the ELT believe that succession planning, talent management, culture, and diversity, equity, and inclusion are critical to the Company’s continued success.

 

Succession Planning and Talent Management

 

The Company regularly reviews talent development and succession plans for each of its functional areas to identify and develop a pipeline of talent to maintain business operations. The Company understands the potential costs and risks of bringing in an outside executive officer in today’s environment, and that businesses are often – but not always – more successful in promoting internal candidates. Accordingly, the Board of Directors and the ELT make efforts to identify potential successors for those positions long in advance of any potential positional vacancies, perform skills gap analyses for those internal candidates, and provide training and exposure on those gap areas to those candidates in order to develop better potential successors. The Board of Directors is primarily responsible for succession planning for the CEO, but also participates in succession planning discussions for other executive officer positions. The Company believes that its culture, compensation structure, long-term equity program, and robust training and development program provide motivation for talented leaders to remain with the Company.

 

Culture

 

The ELT discusses culture with its employees and the Board of Directors on a regular basis. The Company is continuously focused on developing an inclusive and respectful work environment, where all employees at every level should feel empowered to honestly “discuss the undiscussables” with other employees at any level, all the way up to the Chairman and the CEO, without fear of retribution or retaliation. The Chairman teaches this philosophy during orientation to all new employees, and each company-wide meeting has time set aside to discuss the undiscussables. Additionally, each year the Board meets with a set of key senior managers, without the ELT present, so that the Board may seek direct feedback on the Company, its practices, culture, and employee benefits and programs.

 

The Company also fosters a culture of ongoing training and education. Some examples of trainings provided to employees include New Co-Worker Orientation, Respectful and Effective Communications, Leading the Boston Beer Company Way, Selling Skills, Negotiations, and Building Brands. Over the past year, the Company has been particularly focused on delivering a Crucial Conversations class, designed to teach all employees refined skills for having “undiscussable” conversations. Employees also receive beer and cider education training during New Co-Worker Orientation. Then, after having been with the Company for one year, employees are encouraged to participate in further beer and cider education courses where they can train to be certified as industry experts in those areas. The Company believes that it has the most beer industry experts, called “Certified Cicerones,” in the beer industry.

 

In October 2020, the Company rolled out a formal mentoring and leadership program to connect dozens of senior and junior employees across a range of backgrounds with the purpose of diversifying perspectives, building networks, developing capabilities, growing competencies, and cultivating leadership.

 

The Company also regularly conducts internal engagement surveys of its employee base to help ensure that it is maintaining its culture. In 2023, over 83% of employees participated in the survey, which resulted in high scores in response to the questions related to pride in working for the Company, embodying the Company’s values, the Company’s concern for employee safety, personal well-being, and diversity, and creating a respectful work environment.

 

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

 

Core to the Company's "Our People" value is Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DE&I), which prioritizes building a diverse and fair-minded organization that recognizes and values differences. The Company committed to making Boston Beer a welcoming place to work for all employees, by fostering a culture where everyone feels heard, valued, and respected. These efforts reinforce a workplace that supports and uplifts coworkers to feel accepted, equal, and involved, and to increase diverse representation across our organization. In 2023, the Company set out to accomplish two objectives including hiring an Inclusion and Belonging Program Manager dedicated to supporting the continued efforts in this space.

 

The following are a few accomplishments tied to these objectives:

 

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Prioritized inclusion and belonging to ensure coworkers feel heard, valued, and respected.
Rolled out visible pay ranges for all roles, including open job requisitions.

 

To support DE&I efforts, the Company previously established a “Value 4 Council” (named for the Company's 4th value, ‘our differences make us stronger’). This council, comprised of leaders across all departments, continues to engage in efforts supporting inclusion. To date, the Company has had two cohorts participate on the council and complete 15 hours of allyship training.

 

To promote an inclusive culture across the organization, the Company held six “Fearless Moments” discussion sessions. These sessions, featuring founders Jim Koch and Sam Calagione and facilitated by members of the Company's ELT and Value 4 Council, create a space for coworkers to reflect on the Company's values and their role in creating a community of belonging.

 

To improve its ability to cultivate a more diverse workforce, the Company refreshed its employer brand, prominently updating its public-facing website, www.bostonbeer.com. In 2023, this led to a 9% increase in total job applicants. Within that overall growth, the Company saw an increase in diverse candidates in several demographics in 2023.

 

In 2022, the Company clearly established an ongoing commitment to pay transparency. Pay transparency is the commitment from Boston Beer to provide coworkers visibility into the BBC’s pay philosophy, how the Company administers pay, and finally the pay range for individual jobs. To deliver on pay ranges, over the course of 8 months the Company:

 

Created ~1,500 unique pay statements for each eligible coworker.
Hosted over 50 comp 101 education sessions to educate on the Company's pay practices with every department.
Held 100+ leadership review sessions to ensure the details were accurate.
Provided deep education to managers to help deliver the statements.

 

Following the successful roll-out of pay ranges for existing coworkers, in November 2023, the Company began publicly disclosing salary ranges on job requisitions.

 

Corporate Social Responsibility

 

The Company’s Social Impact Team works with external partners and internal stakeholders across the organization to bring Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives to life for our coworker communities and for its brands. In 2023, the Company invested nearly $3 million into cause-marketing, bringing the total dollars spent since 2016 to more than $23 million.

 

Boston Beer Benevolence Days are curated one day service projects during which coworkers work together to support non-profit partners in the communities they work and live in. In 2023, Boston Beer coworkers participated in 47 separate Benevolence Days totaling more than 1800 hours with 45 community partners. Some of the projects coworkers supported in 2023 included food & clothing pantry sorting/packing, home building, clearing invasive species from waterways, community beautification, and trail cleanup. In addition, the Social Impact Team hosted onsite Benevolence opportunities at our BeerFest meetings. In Boston, coworkers assembled hygiene kits for 2 New England veterans organizations and at the Delaware BeerFest gathering they penned Veterans Day cards for those staying at a local shelter.

 

The Samuel Adams Brewing the American Dream® program celebrated a milestone 15th year in 2023, surpassing more than $100 million in loans to support small business owners. In partnership with Accion Opportunity Fund, the nation’s largest non-profit micro-lender, as well as other local non-profit partners, the initiative supports small business owners in the food, beverage, and brewing industries through access to business capital, coaching, and new market opportunities. The goal is to help strengthen small businesses, create local jobs, and build vibrant communities. Boston Beer coworkers provide one-on-one coaching for the entrepreneurs in subjects ranging from procurement, sales and marketing. At the Samuel Adams Boston Taproom we launched a series of Brewing The American Dream collaboration beers to bring visibility to small, local breweries.

 

In 2023, Dogfish Head’s Beer & Benevolence program invested more than $625,000 into the coastal Delaware community through organizations working to build community, amplify the arts and make positive environmental impact. Some of the 2023 Beer & Benevolence highlights included: 1,800 runners participating in the 2023 Dogfish Dash, raising $70,000 for the Delaware Center for the Inland Bays; our seafood restaurant Chesapeake & Maine contributing 135.5 bushels of shellfish shucks to the Don't Chuck Your Shucks program. These shucks contributed to the 2,700 oyster shell bags that help restore

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shorelines and protect marsh edges; and providing support to the Developing Artist Collaboration which provides artists with career development, peer connection and physical spaces.

 

The Company kicked off a three-year partnership with the newly formed National Black Brewers Association ("NB2A") in 2023, pledging financial support for the organization. The company has coworkers serving on the Advisory Board and the Business Council for the NB2A, whose mission is dedicated to addressing under-representation of Black people in the brewing industry.

 

Through these actions and others, the BBC Social Impact Team is focused on empowering coworkers, brands and partners to impact the Company's communities through inclusive engagement to deepen connections and make a difference.

 

Other

 

The Company submitted the Section 12(a) CEO Certification to the New York Stock Exchange in accordance with the requirements of Section 303A of the NYSE Listed Company Manual. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains at Exhibits 31.1 and 31.2 the certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, respectively, in accordance with the requirements of Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Company makes available free of charge copies of its Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as other reports required to be filed by Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, on the Company’s investor relations website at www.bostonbeer.com, or upon written request to Investor Relations, The Boston Beer Company, Inc., One Design Center Place, Suite 850, Boston, Massachusetts 02210.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the risks described below should be carefully considered before deciding to invest in shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock. These are risks and uncertainties that management believes are most likely to be material and therefore are most important for an investor to consider. The Company’s business operations and results may also be adversely affected by additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to it, or which it currently deems immaterial, or which are similar to those faced by other companies in its industry or business in general. If any of the following risks or uncertainties actually occurs, the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows would likely suffer. In that event, the market price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock could decline.

 

Risks Associated with Our Industry

 

The Company faces substantial competition.

 

The High End and Beyond Beer categories within the United States are highly competitive due to the participation of large domestic and international brewers in the categories and the increasing number of regional and local competitors, who distribute similar products that have similar pricing and target drinkers.

 

The two largest brewers in the United States, AB InBev and Molson Coors, participate actively in the High End and Beyond Beer categories, through numerous launches of new hard seltzers, flavored malt beverages and spirit RTDs from existing brands or new brands, importing and distributing import brands, and with their own domestic specialty beers, either by developing new brands or by acquiring, in whole or part, existing brands. Imported beers, such as Modelo Especial®, Corona®, Heineken®, and Stella Artois®, continue to compete aggressively in the United States and have gained market share over the last ten years. Constellation Brands (owner of the United States distribution rights to Modelo Especial and Corona) and Heineken may have substantially greater financial resources, marketing strength and distribution networks than the Company. The Company anticipates competition will remain strong as some existing beverage companies are building more capacity, expanding geographically and adding more SKUs and styles. The potential for growth in the sales of flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, craft-brewed domestic beers, imported beers and spirits RTDs is expected to increase the competition in the market for High End beer and Beyond Beer occasions within the United States and, as a result, the Company may well face competitive pricing pressures and the demand for and market share of the Company’s products may fluctuate and possibly decline.

 

The Company’s products compete generally with other alcoholic beverages. The Company competes with other beer and beverage companies not only for drinker acceptance and loyalty, but also for traditional retail shelf, cold box and tap space, as well as e-commerce placement and for marketing focus by the Company’s Distributors and their customers, all of which also distribute and sell other alcoholic beverage products. Many of the Company’s competitors, including AB InBev, Molson Coors, Constellation, Heineken and Mark Anthony Brands, have substantially greater financial resources, marketing strength and distribution networks than the Company. Moreover, the introduction of new products by competitors that compete directly with the Company’s products or that diminish the importance of the Company’s products to retailers or Distributors may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results.

 

Beginning in 2021, large non-alcoholic beverage companies including Coca-Cola Company (“Coke"), Pepsi, Monster Beverage Corporation (“Monster”) and Arizona Beverage Company ("Arizona") have begun to enter these markets directly or through licensing agreements with alcoholic beverage companies to develop alcohol versions of existing traditional non-alcohol brands. Coke has entered into agreements with Molson Coors to develop, market and sell Topo Chico brand Hard Seltzer, Simply Spiked Lemonade and Peace Hard Tea. Coke also announced agreements with Constellation to develop, market and sell FRESCA™ Mixed, a line of spirits RTDs and with Brown Forman to develop, market and sell Jack Daniel’s® Tennessee Whiskey and Coca-Cola®™ Ready-to-Drink Cocktail. As previously discussed, the Company has entered into an agreement with Pepsi to develop, market and sell alcohol beverages which include Hard Mountain Dew, to take advantage of this trend. In addition, Monster acquired CANarchy Craft Brewery Collective in early 2022 and launched the Beast Unleashed, a new brand of flavored malt beverages in early 2023 which includes Nasty Beast Hard Tea. Arizona, after earlier development and launch in 2020 in Canadian markets, launched Arizona Hard Tea in certain markets in the United States during 2023.

 

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Due to the increased leverage that these larger companies have in distribution and sales and marketing expenses, the costs to the Company of competing could increase. The potential also exists for these large competitors to increase their influence with their Distributors, making it difficult for smaller beverage companies to maintain their market presence or enter new markets. Also, consolidation in the industry could also reduce the contract brewing capacity that is available to the Company. These potential increases in the number and availability of competing brands, the costs to compete, reductions in contract brewing capacity and decreases in distribution support and opportunities may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results.

 

Changes in public attitudes and drinker tastes could harm the Company’s business. Regulatory changes in response to public attitudes could adversely affect the Company’s business.

 

The alcoholic beverage industry has been the subject of considerable societal and political attention for several years, due to public concern over alcohol-related social problems, including driving under the influence, underage drinking and health consequences from the misuse of alcohol, including alcoholism. As an outgrowth of these concerns, the possibility exists that advertising by beer producers could be restricted, that additional cautionary labeling or packaging requirements might be imposed, that further restrictions on the sale of alcohol might be imposed or that there may be renewed efforts to impose increased excise or other taxes on beer sold in the United States.

 

The domestic beer industry, other than the market for High End beer occasions and Beyond Beer occasions, has experienced a decline in shipments over the last ten years. The Company believes that this decline is due to declining alcohol consumption per person in the population, drinkers trading up to drink high quality, more flavorful FMBs, hard seltzers, beers, and spirts RTDs, health and wellness trends and increased competition from wine and spirits companies. If consumption of the Company’s products in general were to come into disfavor among domestic drinkers, or if the domestic alcohol beverage industry were subjected to significant additional societal pressure or governmental regulations, the Company’s business could be materially adversely affected.

Additionally, certain states are considering or have passed laws and regulations that allow the sale and distribution of marijuana. Currently it is not possible to predict the impact of this on sales of alcohol, but it is possible that legal marijuana usage could adversely impact the demand for the Company’s products.

 

The Company is dependent on its distributors.

 

In the United States, where approximately 95% of its beverages are sold, the Company sells most of its alcohol beverages to independent beer Distributors for distribution to retailers and, ultimately, to drinkers. Although the Company currently has arrangements with over 300 Distributors, sustained growth will require it to maintain such relationships and possibly enter into agreements with additional Distributors. Changes in control or ownership within the current distribution network could lead to less support of the Company’s products.

 

Contributing to distribution risk is the fact that the Company’s distribution agreements are generally terminable by the Distributor on relatively short notice. While these distribution agreements contain provisions giving the Company enforcement and termination rights, some state laws prohibit the Company from exercising these contractual rights. The Company’s ability to maintain its existing distribution arrangements may be adversely affected by the fact that many of its Distributors are reliant on one of the major beer producers for a large percentage of their revenue and, therefore, they may be influenced by such producers. If the Company’s existing distribution agreements are terminated, it may not be able to enter into new distribution agreements on substantially similar terms, which may result in an increase in the costs of distribution.

 

No assurance can be given that the Company will be able to maintain its current distribution network or secure additional Distributors on terms not less favorable to the Company than its current arrangements.

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Risks Related to the Company's Business and Operations

 

There is no assurance that the Company will grow its business in the future or that the Company can adapt to the challenges of the changing competitive environment.

 

From 2015 to 2017, the Company experienced a decline in the demand for its products, as craft beer growth rates slowed and the hard cider category declined. From 2018 to 2021, the Company experienced increases in demand for its products, driven by growth in its Truly and Twisted Tea brands, and grew 13%, 22%, 37% and 22% in depletion volume for 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. Beginning in the second half of 2021, the market for hard seltzer products experienced decelerating growth trends, which resulted in a depletion volume decline of 5% in 2022 and 6% in 2023 (5% decline on a 52-week comparable basis). The slowdown in growth trends greatly impacted the Company's volume of production and shipments, as well as its volume projections for the future. The volume reduction also resulted in increased supply chain related costs. These costs include the destruction of excess inventory, provisions for excess and obsolete inventories, property, plant and equipment impairments, write-offs of third-party production prepayments and provisions for costs associated with the termination of various third-party production contracts.

 

The Company is targeting a percentage change in shipments and depletion volume of between down single digits to up single digits. The Company’s ability to meet these targets may be affected by an increasing number of competing beverages. The development of new products by the Company to meet these challenges may lead to reduced sales of the Company’s existing brands and there is no guarantee that these new product initiatives will generate stable long term volume. Additionally, changes in the use of media and technology are impacting the economics of how brands are marketed to drinkers and may be diminishing the traditional competitive advantage the Company may have had in buying national media relative to smaller brands. While the Company believes that a combination of innovation, new brand messaging and exploration of new media, and increased investment in sales execution can lead to increased demand, there is no guarantee that the Company’s actions will be successful in maintaining the Company’s historical levels of profitability. Reduced sales, among other factors, could lead to lower brewery utilization, lower funds available to invest in brand support and reduced profitability, and these challenges may require a different mix and level of marketing investments to stabilize and grow volumes. A lower growth environment or periods of sales declines will present challenges for the Company to motivate and retain employees, maintain the current levels of distributor and retailer support of its brands, and fund its current brand investment levels, and could potentially require a review of long term organization and brewery needs. Currently, the Company believes it can meet its volume targets in 2024 and return to volume growth in future years, but there is no guarantee its efforts will be successful or profitable.

 

The Company’s inability to react to changes in demand could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations or financial results.

 

Despite the depletion volume declines in 2023 of 6% (5% decline on a 52-week comparable basis), since 2017 demand for the Company’s products has grown significantly and its 2023 depletion volume was over two times 2017 volumes. During 2021, the market for hard seltzer products experienced decelerating growth trends which resulted in the annual volume growth rate declining from an increase of 158% in 2020 to 13% in 2021 and then a decrease of 15% in 2022 and 21% in 2023.

 

The changes in growth trends in the Company’s business, particularly for the Truly Hard Seltzer Brand, as well as added product complexity, heighten the management challenges that the Company faces. In recent years, the Company has had periods of excess capacity that were nevertheless accompanied by product shortages and service issues. As demand for its products grew from 2017 through the first half of 2021, the Company faced challenges in meeting demand. The challenges were both production constraints, primarily resulting from canning and variety pack capacity limitations, and can supply constraints. During this period, the Company experienced increased inventory obsolescence, operational, and freight costs, as it reacted. In response to these issues, the Company significantly increased its packaging capabilities and tank capacity and added personnel to address these challenges.

 

With a decline in volume over the second half of 2021 through 2023, the Company then incurred additional supply chain related costs associated with downsizing its production model to adjust to reduced demand. In recent periods, the Company has been able to better match its supply chain to meet demand, but a sudden increase could result in a recurrence of challenges in meeting demand and a sudden decrease could result in other incremental costs. There can be no assurance that the Company will effectively address changing consumer demand or manage increasing product complexity, without experiencing similar issues in the future. Planning failures, operating inefficiencies, insufficient employee training, control

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deficiencies, or other similar issues could well have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results. Growth or decline in the Company’s revenues, changes in operating procedures, and increased complexity have required significant capital investment. The Company on an overall basis has yet to see any operating cost leverage from these investments and there is no guarantee that it will.

 

The Company remains reliant on third party-owned breweries, particularly City Brewing Company, LLC, to meet demand and the percentage of its volume produced at Company owned breweries decreased from over 90% in 2017 to approximately 71% in 2023. The Company currently expects that the percentage of total production at Company owned breweries in 2024 will be over 75%. The Company expects its reliance on production at City Brewing Company, LLC to decline from approximately 22% of production in 2023 to approximately 20% of production in 2024.

The Company’s ability to grow and to meet potentially increasing consumer demand will be affected by:

 

its ability to meet production goals and/or targets at the Company’s owned breweries and third party-owned breweries;
its ability to enter into new brewing contracts with third party-owned breweries on commercially acceptable terms;
disruption or other operating performance issues at the Company’s owned breweries or limits on the availability of suitable production capacity at third party-owned breweries;
its ability to obtain sufficient quantities of certain packaging materials and ingredients, such as cans, flavorings, cardboard wraps and glass bottles from suppliers; and
its ability to reduce risk of both over and under supply by improving and automating manual internal processes for demand and production planning.

 

If the Company were unable to increase supply to meet increased consumer demand for its products, the Company’s business and financial results could well be adversely affected. Alternatively, if there is a sudden decline in demand for the Company’s products, additional costs and inefficiencies could likely result from efforts to adjust the Company’s production model accordingly.

 

The Company’s advertising and promotional investments may affect the Company’s financial results but not be effective.

 

The Company has made and expects to continue to make, significant advertising and promotional expenditures to enhance its existing brands and promote new brands. These expenditures may adversely affect the Company’s results of operations in a particular quarter or even for the full year, and may not result in increased sales. Variations in the levels of advertising and promotional expenditures have in the past caused, and are expected in the future to continue to cause, variability in the Company’s quarterly results of operations. While the Company attempts to invest only in effective advertising and promotional activities, it is difficult to correlate such investments with sales results, and there is no guarantee that the Company’s expenditures will be effective in building brand equity or growing long term sales.

 

The Company is dependent on key packaging suppliers and an increase in packaging costs could harm the Company’s financial results.

 

The demand for packaging materials in the beverage industry has increased and during 2020 and 2021 there was a shortage of capacity, as manufacturers adjusted their supply chains to keep up with the increased demand, caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Truly Hard Seltzer brand beverages are primarily packaged in sleek cans and Twisted Tea brand beverages are primarily packaged in standard cans. In 2020 and 2021, as the Truly and the Twisted brand families grew significantly and overall demand for cans increased, the Company experienced supply constraints for cans. These supply constraints impacted the Company’s production schedules and increased can cost by having to use a more expensive supplier. These pressures were reduced during 2022 and 2023 and the Company currently believes it will have a sufficient supply of packaging materials for 2024.

 

The Company maintains competitive sources for the supply of packaging materials, such as cans, glass, cardboard wraps and shipping cases. The Company enters into limited-term supply agreements with certain vendors in order to receive preferential pricing. In 2023, certain flavorings, crowns, and labels were each supplied by single sources. Although the Company believes that alternative suppliers are available, the loss of any of the Company’s packaging materials suppliers could, in the short-term, adversely affect the Company’s results of operations, cash flows and financial position until alternative supply arrangements were secured. Additionally, there has been acquisition, change in control and consolidation activity in several of the packaging supplier networks which could potentially lead to further disruption in supply and changes in economics. If packaging costs continue to increase, there is no guarantee that such costs can be fully passed along through increased prices.

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The Company has entered into long-term supply agreements for certain packaging materials that have shielded it from some cost increases. These contracts have varying lengths and terms and there is no guarantee that the economics of these contracts can be replicated when renewed. The Company’s inability to preserve the current economics on renewal could expose the Company to significant cost increases in future years. Some of these contracts require the Company to make commitments on minimum volume of purchases based on Company forecasts. If the Company's needs decline significantly from its forecasts, the Company would likely incur storage costs for excess production or contractual penalties that might be significant and could have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial results.

 

The Company is dependent on key ingredient suppliers, including foreign sources; its dependence on foreign sources creates foreign currency exposure for the Company; the Company’s use of natural ingredients creates weather and crop reliability and excess/shortage inventory exposure for the Company.

 

The Company purchases a substantial portion of the ingredients used in its beverages, including its flavorings, fruit juice, malt, hops, apples, and other ingredients, from a limited number of domestic and foreign suppliers. The Company has historically not experienced material difficulties in obtaining timely delivery from its ingredient suppliers and currently believes that it will have sufficient supply of ingredients in 2024. The Company believes that there are alternative sources available for some of the ingredients, but there can be no assurance that the Company would be able to acquire such ingredients from substitute sources on a timely or cost-effective basis, if current suppliers could not adequately fulfill orders. The loss or significant reduction in the capability of a supplier to support the Company’s requirements could, in the short-term, adversely affect the Company’s business and financial results, until alternative supply arrangements were secured.

 

The Company’s beverages include many unique and proprietary flavors and combinations of flavors and some of these flavorings are single sourced. Truly Hard Seltzer and Twisted Tea brand beverages are particularly reliant on the use of flavorings and variety of flavors as part of their appeal to drinkers.

 

The Company purchased most of the malt used in the production of its beer from four suppliers during 2023. Nevertheless, the Company believes that there are other malt vendors available that are capable of supplying part of its needs. The Company is exposed to the quality of the barley crop each year, and significant failure of a crop would adversely affect the Company’s costs.

 

The Company uses Noble hop varieties from Europe for many of its Samuel Adams beers and also uses hops grown in other areas of Europe, the United States, and New Zealand. Noble hops are grown in several specific areas in Germany and the Czech Republic that are recognized for growing hops with superior taste and aroma properties. The Company stores its hops in multiple cold storage warehouses to minimize the impact of a catastrophe at a single site. The performance and availability of the hops, as with any agricultural product, may be materially adversely affected by factors such as adverse weather or pests and there is no guarantee the contracts will be fulfilled completely. The Company has purchase commitments with seven primary hop dealers and attempts to maintain a one to two-year supply of essential hop varieties on-hand in order to limit the risk of an unexpected reduction in supply and procures hops needed for new beers, based on its best estimate of likely short-term demand. The failure of management’s assumptions regarding future sales growth, product mix and hops market conditions to prove accurate could result in future material losses.

 

The Company uses special varieties of apples in its ciders that it believes are important for the ciders’ flavor profile. These apples are sourced primarily from European and United States suppliers and include bittersweet apples from France and culinary apples from Italy and Washington state. There is limited availability of these apples and many outside factors, including weather conditions, farmers rotating from apples to other crops, government regulations and legislation affecting agriculture, could affect both price and supply.

 

The Company’s new product development can also be constrained by any limited availability of the desired ingredients. Growth rates higher than planned or the introduction of new products requiring special ingredients could create demand for ingredients greater than the Company can source.

 

The Company’s contracts for certain hops and apples are payable in Euros, Pounds Sterling and New Zealand dollars, and therefore, the Company is subject to the risk that the Euro, Pound or New Zealand dollar may fluctuate adversely against the U.S. dollar. The Company has, as a practice, not hedged this exposure, although this practice is regularly reviewed. The cost of hops has increased in recent years due to the rising market price of hops and exchange rate changes. The continuation of these trends will impact the Company’s product cost and potentially the Company’s ability to meet the demand for its beers. The Company buys some other ingredients and capital equipment from foreign suppliers for which the Company also carries

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exposure to foreign exchange rate changes. Significant adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results.

 

The Company’s reliance on breweries owned by others and an inability to leverage investment in the Company-owned breweries could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations or financial results.

 

During 2023, the Company produced approximately 71% of its volume at breweries owned by the Company and, as noted above, anticipates producing 75% of its volume at breweries owned by the Company in 2024. While, on balance, the Company views greater reliance on its own breweries favorably, this reliance on its own breweries exposes the Company to capacity constraints and risk of disruption of supply, as these breweries are operating at or close to current capacity in peak months. Management believes that it has alternatives available to it, in the event that production at any of its brewing locations is temporarily interrupted, although as volumes at the Pennsylvania Brewery increase, severe interruptions there would be problematic, particularly during peak seasons. Potential interruptions at breweries include labor issues, governmental action, quality issues, contractual disputes, machinery failures, operational shutdowns, pandemic-related or other staffing shortages, or natural or unavoidable catastrophes. If interruptions were to occur, the Company could face significant delays in starting replacement brewing locations and its operating results could be materially adversely affected.

 

The Company continues to avail itself of capacity at third-party production facilities. Also as noted above, during 2023, approximately 22% of the Company’s annual shipment volume was brewed and/or packaged under service agreements with City Brewing Company, LLC. In selecting third party breweries for brewing services arrangements, the Company carefully weighs a brewery’s sleek can packaging and automated variety packaging capability and capacity, its quality control capabilities throughout the production process and its ability to utilize traditional brewing, fermenting and finishing methods. To the extent that the Company needs to avail itself of a third-party production services arrangement, it exposes itself to higher than planned costs of operating under such contract arrangements than would apply at the Company-owned breweries, potential lower service levels and reliability than internal production, and potential unexpected declines in the brewing capacity available to it, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results. The use of such third party facilities also creates higher logistical costs and uncertainty in the ability to deliver product to the Company’s customers efficiently and on time.

 

As the beer industry continues to consolidate and the Company has grown, the capacity and willingness of breweries owned by others where the Company could brew, ferment or package some of its products, if necessary, has become a more significant concern and, thus, there is no guarantee that the Company’s needs will be uniformly met. The Company continues to work at its Company-owned breweries and with its third-party production partners to attempt to minimize any potential disruptions. Nevertheless, should an interruption occur, the Company could experience temporary shortfalls in production and/or increased production and/or distribution costs and be required to make significant capital investments to secure alternative capacity for certain brands and packages, the combination of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results. A production interruption caused by an acquisition or change of control of City Brewing or a simultaneous interruption at several of the Company’s other production locations would likely cause significant disruption, increased costs and, potentially, lost sales.

 

The Company’s emphasis on owning production facilities requires it to continue to make a significant level of capital expenditure to maintain and improve these facilities and to incur significant fixed operating costs to support them. In an uncertain volume environment, the Company faces the risk of not being able to support the owned brewery operating costs, if volumes were to decline. At the same time, despite making these expenditures and incurring these costs, if demand were to further increase above current volume estimates, the Company could still face the risk of not being able to meet the increased demand.

 

The Company attempts to mitigate production and distribution risks through a combination of owned breweries and access to third-party contract facilities, but there is no guarantee that this strategy will be successful, and it might result in short term costs and inefficiencies which could adversely impact our business and financial results.

 

Turnover in Company leadership or other key positions may lead to loss of key knowledge or capability and adversely impact Company performance.

 

The Company has an experienced leadership team with an established track record of business success and innovation in the beverage and consumer goods industries.

 

The Company has and is likely to experience changes in key leadership or key positions regularly. The departure of key leadership personnel can take from the Company significant knowledge and experience. This loss of knowledge and

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experience can be mitigated through successful succession planning or external hiring and transition, but there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in such efforts. Attracting, retaining, integrating and developing high performance individuals in key roles is a core component of the Company’s strategy for addressing its business opportunities. Attracting and retaining qualified senior leadership may be more challenging under adverse business conditions, such as the current declining growth environment the Company is facing. Failure to attract and retain the right talent, or to manage the transition of responsibilities resulting from such turnover smoothly, would affect the Company's ability to meet its challenges and may cause the Company to miss performance objectives or financial targets.

 

The Company has significantly increased its product offerings and distribution footprint, which increases complexity and could adversely affect the Company’s performance and financial results.

 

The Company has significantly increased the number of commercially available flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, beers, hard ciders, and spirits RTDs that it produces. In the last five years, the Company has developed, introduced and reformulated many new and existing beverage styles under the Twisted Tea, Truly Hard Seltzer, Samuel Adams and Angry Orchard brands. The Dogfish Head brand, acquired in July 2019, currently has over 25 styles of beer, 15 styles of distilled spirits, 7 spirits RTDs, two brewery tap rooms, a restaurant, and a boutique inn. In January 2020, the Company opened the Samuel Adams Tap Room and small brewery in downtown Boston. The Company currently operates 8 retail locations, including seven brewery tap rooms, a cidery tasting room and a restaurant, where its beverages are sold and consumed on-premise. The Company’s most significant innovations in 2023 were the launches of new styles of its Truly Vodka Soda brand and its launch in limited markets of Truly Tequila Soda and Slingers, a new flavored malt beverage brand. In the first quarter of 2024, the Company is planning to launch Truly Tequila Soda nationally and expand Slingers to more markets. Also, during 2024, the Company has plans to add new beverage styles and reformulate existing styles of beverages. During the first quarter of 2024, the Company is launching two new brands in limited markets. These two new brands are Sun Cruiser, a new vodka based hard tea brand and General Admission, a new non-alcoholic beer brand.

 

These additional brands, styles, reformulations and locations, along with the increases in demand for certain existing brands, have added to the complexity of the Company’s product development process, as well as its brewing, fermenting, distilling, packaging, marketing and selling processes, and retail operations. There can be no assurance that the Company will effectively manage such increased complexity, without experiencing coordination issues, operating inefficiencies, supply shortages or control deficiencies. Such inefficiencies or deficiencies could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results.

 

Changes in drinker attitudes on brand equity and reliance on the Company’s founders in the Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head brand communications may adversely affect demand for the Company’s production and results of operations.

 

The success of the Company's brands depends upon the positive image that drinkers have of those brands and maintaining a good reputation is critical to selling our branded products. Our reputation could be impacted negatively by public perception, adverse publicity, negative comments in social media, or our responses to negative publicity or comments, either by members of the Company or those who may be affiliated with it. There is also no guarantee that the brand equities that the Company has built in its brands will continue to appeal to drinkers. Changes in drinker attitudes or demands, or competitor activity and promotion, could adversely affect the strength of the Company’s brands and the revenue that is generated from that strength. It is possible that the Company could react to such changes and reposition its brands, but there is no certainty that the Company would be able to maintain volumes, pricing power and profitability. It is also possible that marketing messages or other actions taken by the Company could damage its brand equities, as opposed to building them. If such damage were to occur, it would likely have a negative effect on the financial condition of the Company.

 

In addition to these inherent brand risks, C. James Koch, the founder and Chairman of the Company, as well as the founders of Dogfish Head brand, Samuel Calagione, Founder and Brewer, Dogfish Head Brewery and Mariah Calagione, Founder and Communitarian, Dogfish Head Brewery, are an integral part of the Company’s history, brand equity and current and potential future brand messaging and the Company relies on the positive public perception of these founders. The role of these founders as founders, brewers and leaders of the Company is emphasized as part of the Company’s brand communication and has appeal to some drinkers. If these founders were not available to the Company to continue their active roles, their absence could negatively affect the strength of the Company’s messaging and, accordingly, the Company’s growth prospects. The Company and its brands may also be impacted if drinkers’ perceptions of these founders, including their social or political views, were to change negatively. If any negative changes were to occur, the Company might need to adapt its strategy for communicating its key messages regarding its history, equity, and current and potential future brand messaging. Any such change in the Company’s messaging strategy might have a detrimental impact on the future growth of the Company.

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The Company’s operations are subject to certain operating hazards that could result in unexpected costs or product recalls that could harm the Company’s business.

 

The Company’s operations are subject to certain hazards and liability risks faced by all beverage companies, such as potential contamination of ingredients or products by bacteria or other external agents that may be wrongfully or accidentally introduced into products or packaging, or defective packaging and handling. Such occurrences may create bad tasting beverages, or pose health risk to the consumer or risk to the integrity and safety of the packaging. These could result in unexpected costs to the Company and, in the case of a costly product recall, potentially serious damage to the Company’s reputation for product quality, as well as product liability claims.

 

The Company relies upon complex information systems and vulnerabilities or disruptions of these systems could expose us to liability and harm our business and operations.

 

The Company depends on information technology to be able to operate efficiently and interface with customers and suppliers, as well as maintain financial and accounting reporting accuracy to ensure compliance with all applicable laws. If the Company does not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to build and sustain the proper technology infrastructure, the Company could be subject to transaction errors, processing inefficiencies, the loss of customers, business disruptions, or the loss of or damage to intellectual property through security breaches. The Company recognizes that many groups on a world-wide basis have experienced increases in security breaches, cyber-attacks, and other hacking activities such as denial of service, malware and ransomware. The Company has dedicated internal and external resources to review and address such threats. However, as with all large information technology systems, the Company’s systems could be penetrated by outside parties intent on extracting confidential or proprietary information, corrupting information, disrupting business processes, or engaging in the unauthorized use of strategic information. Such unauthorized access could disrupt business operations and could result in the loss of assets or revenues, remediation costs or damage to the Company’s reputation, as well as litigation against the Company by third parties adversely affected by the unauthorized access. Such events could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results. The Company also relies on third parties for supply of software, software and data hosting and telecommunications and networking, and is reliant on those third parties for the quality and integrity of these complex services. Failure by a third-party supplier could have material adverse effects on the Company’s ability to operate.

 

An increase in energy costs could harm the Company’s financial results.

 

In the last five years, the Company has experienced significant variation in direct and indirect energy costs, and energy costs could change unpredictably. Increased energy costs would result in higher transportation, freight and other operating costs, including increases in the cost of ingredients and supplies. The Company’s future operating expenses and margins could be dependent on its ability to manage the impact of such cost increases. If energy costs increase, there is no guarantee that such costs can be fully passed along through increased prices.

 

The Class B shareholder has significant control over the Company.

 

The Company’s Class A Common Stock is not entitled to any voting rights except for the right as a class to (1) approve certain mergers, charter amendments and by-law amendments and (2) elect a minority of the directors of the Company. Although not as a matter of right, the Class A stockholders have also been afforded the opportunity to vote on an advisory basis on executive compensation. Consequently, the election of a majority of the Company’s directors and all other matters requiring stockholder approval are currently decided by C. James Koch, who is the founder and Chairman of the Company, as the holder of 100% of the voting rights to the outstanding shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock. As a result, Mr. Koch is able to exercise substantial influence over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the composition of the board of directors, approval of equity-based and other executive compensation and other significant corporate and governance matters, such as approval of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. This could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of the Company and makes most material transactions difficult or impossible to accomplish without the support of Mr. Koch. While Mr. Koch is currently the 100% holder of the Company’s Class B Common Stock, there is nothing that prevents Mr. Koch or his heirs from transferring some or all shares of the Class B Common Stock to others.

 

The Company’s acquisition of Dogfish Head included intangible assets that are marked to fair value on an annual basis, which have resulted and could in the future further result in impairment charges that have an adverse impact on the Company’s operating results.

 

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On July 3, 2019, the Company completed its acquisition of Dogfish Head Brewery and various related operations, through the acquisition of all of the equity interests held by certain private entities in Off-Centered Way LLC, the parent holding company of the Dogfish Head Brewery operations. During 2022 and 2023, the Company recorded $27.1 million and $15.8 million, respectively, in non-cash impairment charges for the Dogfish Head brand, as a result of the Company’s annual impairment analysis. The impairment determination was primarily based on the latest forecasts of brand performance which have been below the Company’s projections made on the acquisition date. As of December 30, 2023, the Dogfish Head brand intangible asset was valued at $55.6 million on the Company’s statement of financial position. The Company cannot assure that there will not be further non-cash impairment charges recognized on the Company’s Dogfish Head brand intangible assets that would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations.

 

Risks Related to Law and Regulations

 

Changes in tax, environmental and other regulations, government shutdowns or failure to comply with existing licensing, trade or other regulations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition.

 

The Company’s business is highly regulated by federal, state and local laws and regulations regarding such matters as licensing requirements, trade and pricing practices, labeling, advertising, promotion and marketing practices, relationships with Distributors, environmental impact of operations and other matters. These laws and regulations are subject to frequent reevaluation, varying interpretations and political debate, and inquiries from governmental regulators charged with their enforcement. In addition, any delays in federal or state government required approvals caused by federal or state government shutdowns, similar to the January 2019 federal government shutdown, could prevent new brands or innovations from getting to market on time or at all. Failure to comply with existing laws and regulations to which the Company’s operations are subject or any revisions to such laws and regulations or the failure to pay taxes or other fees imposed on the Company’s operations and results could result in the loss, revocation or suspension of the Company’s licenses, permits or approvals, and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Changes in federal and other tax rates could have a significant effect on the Company’s financial results.

 

There is no guarantee that the Company will not face litigation that could harm the Company’s business.

 

While the Company has from time to time in the past been involved in material litigation, it is not currently a party to any pending or threatened litigation, the outcome of which would be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or the results of its operations. In general, while the Company believes it conducts its business appropriately in accordance with laws, regulations and industry guidelines, claims, whether or not meritorious, could be asserted against the Company that might adversely impact the Company’s results. See Item 3 - Legal Proceedings below.

 

Risks Related to General Economic Conditions

 

The Company’s operating results and cash flow may be adversely affected by unfavorable economic, financial and societal market conditions.

 

Volatility, uncertainty, and inflation in the financial markets and economic conditions generally may directly or indirectly affect the Company’s performance and operating results in a variety of ways, including: (a) prices for energy, labor, packaging, ingredients, and agricultural products may rise faster than current estimates, including increases resulting from currency fluctuations; (b) the Company’s key suppliers may not be able to fund their capital requirements, resulting in disruption in the supplies of the Company’s raw and packaging materials; (c) the credit risks of the Company’s Distributors may increase; (d) the impact of currency fluctuations on amounts owed to the Company by distributors that pay in foreign currencies; (e) the Company’s credit facility, or portion thereof, may become unavailable at a time when needed by the Company to meet critical needs; (f) overall beer consumption may decline; or (g) drinkers of the Company’s products may change their purchase preferences and frequency, which might result in sales declines.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

The Company has not received any written comments from the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) regarding the Company’s periodic or current reports that (1) the Company believes are material, (2) were issued not less than 180 days before the end of the Company’s 2023 fiscal year, and (3) remain unresolved.

 

Item 1C. Cybersecurity

 

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The Company faces motivated and persistent cybersecurity threats from a variety of adversaries on a daily basis. As a manufacturing company dispersed across multiple states supported by a global supply chain, the Company recognizes the critical importance of maintaining the safety and security of its networks and systems, as well as ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of its data. The Company employs a holistic process for overseeing and managing cybersecurity and information security risks which is supported by both management and its Board of Directors.

 

As described in more detail below, the Company has established policies, standards, processes and practices for assessing, identifying, and managing material risks from cybersecurity threats. The Company has devoted significant financial and personnel resources to implement and maintain security measures to meet regulatory requirements and customer expectations and intends to continue to make significant investments to maintain the security of its data and cybersecurity infrastructure.

 

The Company's cybersecurity program is led by its Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), who reports to its Chief Information Officer (CIO). The CISO is responsible for management of cybersecurity risk and the protection and defense of the Company's networks and systems. The CISO manages a team of cybersecurity professionals with broad experience and expertise, including in incident response, forensics, threat intelligence, vulnerability management, and mitigation. The Company's cybersecurity team has processes in place to assess, identify, manage, and address material cybersecurity threats and incidents. These include, among other things: annual and ongoing security awareness training for employees, mechanisms to detect and monitor unusual network and endpoint activity, integrated threat intelligence, and containment and incident response tools. The cybersecurity team also leverages multiple third-party security programs for full-time monitoring of security stacks and on-demand support to act as force multipliers in the event of severe or critical security events.

 

The Company's Board of Directors has ultimate oversight of cybersecurity risk and aids in making decisions with respect to company priorities, resource allocations, and oversight structures. The Board of Directors is assisted by the Audit Committee, which regularly reviews the cybersecurity program with management and reports to the Board of Directors. Cybersecurity reviews by the Audit Committee or the Board of Directors generally occur at least once annually, or more frequently as determined to be necessary or advisable.

 

The Company's approach to cybersecurity risk management includes the following key elements:

 

Multi-Layered Defense and Continuous Monitoring. The Company works to protect its computing environments and products from cybersecurity threats through multi-layered defenses and apply lessons learned from its defense and monitoring efforts to proactively prevent future attacks. The Company utilizes best-in-class SIEM technologies, data analytics and threat intelligence to detect anomalies and search for cyber threats. The Company's internal cybersecurity team and third-party security services provide comprehensive cyber threat detection and response capabilities and maintain a full-time monitoring system which complements the technology, processes and threat detection techniques we use to monitor, manage and mitigate cybersecurity threats. From time to time, the Company engages third-party consultants or other advisors to assist in assessing, identifying and/or managing cybersecurity threats and also periodically uses its Internal Audit function to conduct additional reviews and assessments.
Third-Party Risk Assessments. The Company conducts information security assessments before sharing or allowing the hosting of sensitive data in computing environments managed by third parties, and its standard terms and conditions contain contractual provisions requiring certain security protections.
Training and Awareness. The Company conducts monthly attack simulations across the Company and provide awareness training to our coworkers to help identify, avoid and mitigate cybersecurity threats. Employees with network access participate annually in required training, including spear phishing, malware, access control, and other awareness training. The Company also periodically hosts tabletop exercises with management and other employees to practice rapid cyber incident response;
Supplier Engagement. The Company requires its suppliers to comply with its standard information security terms and conditions as a condition of doing business, and requires them to complete information security questionnaires to review and assess any potential cyber-related risks depending on the nature of the services being provided. The Company also monitors supplier network access to its networks and systems.

 

While the Company has experienced minor cybersecurity incidents in the past, to date none have materially affected the Company or its financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows. The Company continues to invest in the cybersecurity and resiliency of its networks and to enhance its internal controls and processes, which are designed to help protect its systems, infrastructure, and the information they contain.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

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The Company maintains its principal corporate offices in approximately 54,200 square feet of leased space located in Boston, Massachusetts, the term of which is set to expire in 2031.

 

The Company owns approximately 76 acres of land in Breinigsville, Pennsylvania, consisting of two parcels on which the Company’s Pennsylvania Brewery is located. The buildings on this property consist of approximately 1 million square feet of brewery and warehouse space.

 

The Company owns approximately 57 acres of land in Milton, Delaware, consisting of the parcels on which the Company’s Milton Brewery is located. The buildings on this property consist of approximately 240,000 square feet of brewery and warehouse space.

 

The Company owns approximately 10 acres of land in Cincinnati, Ohio, on which the Company’s Cincinnati Brewery is located, and leases, with an option to purchase, approximately 1 acre of land from the City of Cincinnati which abuts its property. The buildings on this property consist of approximately 128,500 square feet of brewery and warehouse space.

 

The Company owns approximately 62 acres of land in Walden, New York, consisting of an apple orchard and buildings, including a small cidery, gift shop, and tour center. The small cidery, gift shop, and tour center on this property consist of approximately 15,000 square feet of space.

 

The Company owns approximately 1 acre of land in Lewes, Delaware, on which the Company’s Dogfish Head Inn is located. The buildings on this property consists of approximately 8,400 square feet of space.

 

The Company leases approximately 43,000 square feet of space in Boston, Massachusetts, on which it maintains a Samuel Adams brand tap room and tour center. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2034, although it has an option to extend the term for an additional fifteen years in five-year increments.

 

The Company leases approximately 6,666 square feet of space in Boston, Massachusetts, on which it maintains a research and development site. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2026, although it has an option to extend the term for an additional three years in one-year increments.

 

The Company leases approximately 48,650 square feet of space in Los Angeles, California, on which it maintains an Angel City and Truly brand tap room, small brewery, and tour center. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2026.

 

The Company leases approximately 9,000 square feet of space in Boston, Massachusetts, on which it maintains a Samuel Adams brand tap room and small brewery. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2028, although it has two options to extend the term for an additional 5 years.

 

The Company leases approximately 8,900 square feet of space in Cincinnati, Ohio, on which it maintains a Samuel Adams brand tap room and small brewery. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2028.

 

The Company leases approximately 7,100 square feet of space within the retail section of MCU Park in Brooklyn, New York on which it previously maintained a Coney Island brand tap room and small brewery. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2025.

 

The Company leases approximately 4,490 square feet of space in Rehoboth, DE, on which it maintains Dogfish Head Brewings and Eats, a tap room, small brewery, and the Chesapeake & Maine restaurant. The current term of the lease for this facility will expire in 2029.

 

The Company, under a development agreement, has access to approximately 900 square feet of space in Windsor, Ontario, on which it maintains a cannabis research and development facility. The current term of the agreement for this facility will expire in 2026.

 

The Company also leases small offices in Burlington, Vermont, Cincinnati, Ohio, Montreal, Quebec, and Toronto, Ontario as well as various warehousing facilities across the United States and Canada.

 

The Company believes that its facilities are adequate for its current needs and that suitable additional space will be available on commercially acceptable terms as required.

 

27


 

 

The Company is party to legal proceedings and claims, including class action claims, where significant damages are asserted against it. Given the inherent uncertainty of litigation, it is possible that the Company could incur liabilities as a consequence of these claims, which may or may not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or the results of its operations. The Company accrues loss contingencies if, in the opinion of management and its legal counsel, the risk of loss is probable and able to be estimated. Material pending legal proceedings are discussed below.

 

Securities Litigation. On September 14, 2021, a purported class action lawsuit was filed by an individual shareholder in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company and three of its officers. The complaint alleged claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 between April 22, 2021 and September 8, 2021. The plaintiff claimed that defendants made materially false and/or misleading statements or failed to disclose material adverse facts about the Company’s business, operations, and prospects. On October 8, 2021, a nearly identical complaint was filed against the Company by an individual shareholder in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The Court consolidated the two actions and on December 14, 2021 appointed a lead plaintiff, who filed an amended complaint on January 13, 2022. The Company’s Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint was granted by the Court on December 5, 2022. The plaintiff filed a notice of appeal on January 5, 2023. After briefing and oral argument on the appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the dismissal on November 22, 2023. The Mandate of the United States Court of Appeals was issued and transmitted to the District Court on December 15, 2023.

 

Supplier Dispute. On December 31, 2022, Ardagh Metal Packaging USA Corp. (“Ardagh”) filed an action against the Company alleging, among other things, that the Company had failed to purchase contractual minimum volumes of certain aluminum beverage can containers in 2021 and 2022. The Company denies that it breached the terms of the parties’ contract and intends to defend against the Ardagh claims vigorously. On February 23, 2023 and April 4, 2023, Ardagh and the Company engaged in mediation sessions with a neutral, third-party mediator, but were not able to resolve the matter and the litigation will proceed. On May 5, 2023, the Company filed an Answer in response to the Complaint, and Counterclaims against Ardagh. On June 26, 2023, Ardagh filed a Motion to Dismiss Certain Counterclaims and a Motion to Strike Certain Affirmative Defenses, to which the Company filed Oppositions on July 24, 2023. On November 9, 2023, Ardagh filed a Notice of Plaintiff’s Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings on Count II of the Complaint, to which the Company filed an Opposition on November 22, 2023. The parties are currently engaged in the fact discovery phase of the matter and the range of potential outcomes cannot be estimated at this time.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable

28


 

PART II.

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The graph set forth below shows the value of an investment of $100 on January 1, 2019 in each of the Company’s stock (“The Boston Beer Company, Inc.”), the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (“S&P 500 Index”) and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Beverage Index, which consists of producers of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages (“S&P 500 Beverages Index”) for the five years ending December 30, 2023.

 

Total Return to Shareholders

(Includes reinvestment of dividends)

 

 

 

ANNUAL RETURN PERCENTAGE
Years Ending

 

Company Name / Index

 

12/28/2019

 

 

12/26/2020

 

 

12/25/2021

 

 

12/31/2022

 

 

12/30/2023

 

The Boston Beer Company, Inc.

 

 

58.59

 

 

 

167.97

 

 

 

(48.29

)

 

 

(37.22

)

 

 

4.88

 

S&P 500 Index

 

 

32.97

 

 

 

16.40

 

 

 

29.44

 

 

 

(17.40

)

 

 

26.29

 

S&P 500 Beverages Index

 

 

23.99

 

 

 

6.56

 

 

 

14.51

 

 

 

8.93

 

 

 

(1.98

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEXED RETURNS
Years Ending

 

Company Name / Index

 

Base Period 12/30/2018

 

 

12/28/2019

 

 

12/26/2020

 

 

12/25/2021

 

 

12/31/2022

 

 

12/30/2023

 

The Boston Beer Company, Inc.

 

 

100

 

 

 

158.59

 

 

 

424.98

 

 

 

219.78

 

 

 

137.98

 

 

 

144.71

 

S&P 500 Index

 

 

100

 

 

 

132.97

 

 

 

154.78

 

 

 

200.35

 

 

 

165.49

 

 

 

209.00

 

S&P 500 Beverages Index

 

 

100

 

 

 

123.99

 

 

 

132.12

 

 

 

151.29

 

 

 

164.81

 

 

 

161.54

 

 

img2070507_0.jpg 

 

The Company’s Class A Common Stock is listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol SAM.

 

There were 6,875 holders of record of the Company’s Class A Common Stock as of February 23, 2024. Excluded from the number of stockholders of record are stockholders who hold shares in “nominee” or “street” name. The closing price per share of the Company’s Class A Common Stock as of February 23, 2024, as reported under the New York Stock Exchange-Composite Transaction Reporting System, was $354.43.

29


 

 

Class A Common Stock

 

At December 30, 2023, the Company had 22,700,000 authorized shares of Class A Common Stock with a par value of $0.01, of which 10,057,950 were issued and outstanding, which includes 24,647 shares that have trading restrictions. The Class A Common Stock has no voting rights, except (1) as required by law, (2) for the election of Class A Directors, and (3) that the approval of the holders of the Class A Common Stock is required for (a) future authorizations or issuances of additional securities which have rights senior to Class A Common Stock, (b) alterations of rights or terms of the Class A or Class B Common Stock as set forth in the Articles of Organization of the Company, (c) certain other amendments of the Articles of Organization of the Company, (d) certain mergers or consolidations with, or acquisitions of, other entities, and (e) sales or dispositions of any significant portion of the Company’s assets.

 

Class B Common Stock

 

At December 30, 2023, the Company had 4,200,000 authorized shares of Class B Common Stock with a par value of $0.01, of which 2,068,000 shares were issued and outstanding. The Class B Common Stock has full voting rights, including the right to (1) elect a majority of the members of the Company’s Board of Directors and (2) approve all (a) amendments to the Company’s Articles of Organization, (b) mergers or consolidations with, or acquisitions of, other entities, (c) sales or dispositions of any significant portion of the Company’s assets and, (d) equity-based and other executive compensation, and other significant corporate matters, such as approval of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. The Company’s Class B Common Stock is not listed for trading. Each share of Class B Common Stock is freely convertible into one share of Class A Common Stock, upon request of any Class B holder.

 

As of February 23, 2024, C. James Koch, the Company’s Chairman, was the direct holder of record of all of the Company’s issued and outstanding Class B Common Stock.

 

The holders of the Class A and Class B Common Stock are entitled to dividends, on a share-for-share basis, only if and when declared by the Board of Directors of the Company out of funds legally available for payment thereof. Since its inception, the Company has not paid dividends and does not currently anticipate paying dividends on its Class A or Class B Common Stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Repurchases of Class A Common Stock

 

In 1998, the Company began a share repurchase program. Under this program, the Company's Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of the Company's Class A Stock. On May 18, 2023, the Board of Directors authorized an increase in the aggregate expenditure limit for the Company’s stock repurchase program by $269.0 million, increasing the limit from $931.0 million to $1.2 billion. The Board of Directors did not specify a date upon which the total authorization would expire and, in the future, can further increase the authorized amount. As of December 30, 2023, the Company had repurchased a cumulative total of approximately 14.1 million shares of its Class A Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $933.5 million and had approximately $266.5 million remaining on the $1.2 billion stock repurchase expenditure limit set by the Board of Directors.

 

During fiscal year 2023, the Company repurchased and subsequently retired 276,045 shares of its Class A Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $92.9 million. Additionally, the Company repurchased 1,891 shares of its Class A Common

30


 

Stock for repurchases of unvested investment shares issued under the Investment Share Program of the Company’s Employee Equity Incentive Plan, as illustrated in the table below:

 

Period

 

Total Number
of Shares
Purchased

 

 

Average
Price Paid
per Share

 

 

Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs

 

 

Dollar Value
of Shares that
May Yet be
Purchased
Under the
Plans or
Programs
(in thousands)

 

January 1, 2023 - February 4, 2023

 

 

21,058

 

 

$

351.21

 

 

 

20,770

 

 

$

83,007

 

February 5, 2023 - March 4, 2023

 

 

19,379

 

 

 

340.70

 

 

 

19,266

 

 

 

76,434

 

March 5, 2023 - April 1, 2023

 

 

25,125

 

 

 

319.49

 

 

 

24,993

 

 

 

68,438

 

April 2, 2023 - May 6, 2023

 

 

30,447

 

 

 

316.72

 

 

 

30,132

 

 

 

58,841

 

May 7, 2023 - June 3, 2023

 

 

23,741

 

 

 

321.01

 

 

 

23,607

 

 

 

320,245

 

June 4, 2023 - July 1, 2023

 

 

23,354

 

 

 

325.69

 

 

 

23,302

 

 

 

312,647

 

July 2, 2023 - August 5, 2023

 

 

26,755

 

 

 

313.85

 

 

 

26,752

 

 

 

304,250

 

August 6, 2023 - September 2, 2023

 

 

11,150

 

 

 

360.77

 

 

 

11,017

 

 

 

300,254

 

September 3, 2023 - September 30, 2023

 

 

10,360

 

 

 

370.78

 

 

 

10,118

 

 

 

296,457

 

October 1, 2023 - November 4, 2023

 

 

32,349

 

 

 

351.09

 

 

 

32,067

 

 

 

285,152

 

November 5, 2023 - December 2, 2023

 

 

33,334

 

 

 

342.29

 

 

 

33,275

 

 

 

273,755

 

December 3, 2023 - December 30, 2023

 

 

20,884

 

 

 

350.76

 

 

 

20,746

 

 

 

266,457

 

Total

 

 

277,936

 

 

$

335.51

 

 

 

276,045

 

 

$

266,457

 

 

Item 6. [Reserved]

31


 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The Company has elected to omit discussion of the earliest of the three years covered by the consolidated financial statements presented. Refer to Item 7. "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" located in the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, filed on February 22, 2023, for reference to discussion of the fiscal year ended December 25, 2021, the earliest of the three fiscal years presented.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

In this Form 10-K and in other documents incorporated herein, as well as in oral statements made by the Company, statements that are prefaced with the words “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “intend,” “designed,” and similar expressions, are intended to identify forward-looking statements regarding events, conditions, and financial trends that may affect the Company’s future plans of operations, business strategy, results of operations, and financial position. These statements are based on the Company’s current expectations and estimates as to prospective events and circumstances about which the Company can give no firm assurance. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect future events or circumstances. Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual future financial condition or results. These forward-looking statements, like any forward-looking statements, involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or anticipated. Such risks and uncertainties include the factors set forth above and the other information set forth in this Form 10-K.

 

Introduction

 

The Boston Beer Company is engaged in the business of producing and selling alcohol beverages primarily in the domestic market and, to a lesser extent, in selected international markets. The Company’s revenues are primarily derived by selling its beverages to Distributors, who in turn sell the products to retailers and drinkers.

 

Most of the Company’s beverages which include flavored malt beverages, hard seltzers, beers, and hard ciders, are primarily positioned in the market for High End beer occasions. High End beers and beer occasions (the “High End category”) are determined by higher price, quality, image and taste, as compared with regular domestic beers. Boston Beer is one of the largest suppliers in the High End category in the United States. The High End category has seen high single-digit compounded annual growth over the past ten years. The Company believes that the High End category is positioned to increase market share in the total beer category, as drinkers continue to trade up in taste and quality. The Company estimates that the High End full year percentage volume changes in 2021, 2022 and 2023 were approximately 2%, (3%) and 1% respectively. These trends are above the estimated United States beer market volume changes in 2021, 2022 and 2023, of (5%), (5%) and (2%) respectively.

 

The market for hard seltzer products has experienced declining annual volume growth rate trends from estimated growth of 158% in 2020 and 13% in 2021 to an estimated decline of 15% in 2022 and 21% in 2023. The decline in volume trends has negatively impacted the Company's volume of depletions, or Distributor sales to retailers, and shipments, as well as its projections for the future. The decline in volume trends resulted in several supply chain related costs recorded during the second half of 2021 and 2022. These costs included provisions for excess and obsolete inventories, property, plant, and equipment impairments, write-offs of third-party production prepayments, and provisions for costs associated with the termination of various third-party production contracts.

 

Depletions of the Company’s beverages for the 52 week fiscal period ended December 30, 2023, decreased approximately 6% from the 53 week fiscal period in the prior year.

 

Depletions of the Company’s beverages for the 53 week fiscal period ended December 31, 2022, decreased approximately 5% from the comparable 52 week fiscal period in the prior year.

 

32


 

Results of Operations

 

Year Ended December 30, 2023 (52 weeks) Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2022 (53 weeks)

 

 

 

Year Ended
(in thousands, except per barrel)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dec. 30
2023

 

 

Dec. 31
2022

 

 

Amount
change

 

 

% change

 

 

Per barrel
change

 

Barrels sold

 

 

 

 

 

7,678

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,183

 

 

 

 

 

 

(505

)

 

 

(6.2

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Per barrel

 

 

% of net
revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Per barrel

 

 

% of net
revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

2,008,625

 

 

$

261.61

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

2,090,334

 

 

$

255.44

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

(81,709

)

 

 

(3.9

)%

 

$

6.17

 

Cost of goods

 

 

1,156,256

 

 

 

150.59

 

 

 

57.6

%

 

 

1,228,348

 

 

 

150.10

 

 

 

58.8

%

 

 

(72,092

)

 

 

(5.9

)%

 

 

0.49

 

Gross profit

 

 

852,369

 

 

 

111.01

 

 

 

42.4

%

 

 

861,986

 

 

 

105.33

 

 

 

41.2

%

 

 

(9,617

)

 

 

(1.1

)%

 

 

5.68

 

Advertising, promotional, and selling
    expenses

 

 

555,998

 

 

 

72.41

 

 

 

27.7

%

 

 

578,400

 

 

 

70.68

 

 

 

27.7

%

 

 

(22,402

)

 

 

(3.9

)%

 

 

1.73

 

General and administrative
   expenses

 

 

174,548

 

 

 

22.73

 

 

 

8.7

%

 

 

157,534

 

 

 

19.25

 

 

 

7.5

%

 

 

17,014

 

 

 

10.8

%

 

 

3.48

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 

 

16,426

 

 

 

2.14

 

 

 

0.8

%

 

 

27,100

 

 

 

3.31

 

 

 

1.3

%

 

 

(10,674

)

 

 

(39.4

)%

 

 

(1.17

)

Impairment of brewery assets

 

 

5,396

 

 

 

0.70

 

 

 

0.3

%

 

 

2,782

 

 

 

0.34

 

 

 

0.1

%

 

 

2,614

 

 

 

94.0

%

 

 

0.36

 

Contract termination costs and other

 

 

 

 

 

0.00

 

 

 

0.0

%

 

 

5,379

 

 

 

0.66

 

 

 

0.3

%

 

 

(5,379

)

 

 

(100.0

)%

 

 

(0.66

)

Total operating expenses

 

 

752,368

 

 

 

97.99

 

 

 

37.5

%

 

 

771,195

 

 

 

94.24

 

 

 

36.9

%

 

 

(18,827

)

 

 

(2.4

)%

 

 

3.75

 

Operating income

 

 

100,001

 

 

 

13.02

 

 

 

5.0

%

 

 

90,791

 

 

 

11.09

 

 

 

4.3

%

 

 

9,210

 

 

 

10.1

%

 

 

1.93

 

Other income, net

 

 

9,587

 

 

 

1.25

 

 

 

0.5

%

 

 

645

 

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

0.0

%

 

 

8,942

 

 

 

1386.4

%

 

 

1.17

 

Income before income tax provision

 

 

109,588

 

 

 

14.27

 

 

 

5.5

%

 

 

91,436

 

 

 

11.17

 

 

 

4.4

%

 

 

18,152

 

 

 

19.9

%

 

 

3.10

 

Income tax provision

 

 

33,338

 

 

 

4.34

 

 

 

1.7

%

 

 

24,173

 

 

 

2.95

 

 

 

1.2

%

 

 

9,165

 

 

 

37.9

%

 

 

1.39

 

Net income

 

$

76,250

 

 

$

9.93

 

 

 

3.8

%

 

$

67,263

 

 

$

8.22

 

 

 

3.2

%

 

$

8,987

 

 

 

13.4

%

 

$

1.71

 

 

Net revenue. Net revenue decreased by $81.7 million, or 3.9%, to $2,008.6 million for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $2,090.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, primarily as a result of lower shipment volume of $129.3 million and $12.6 million of product mix impacts, partially offset by price increases of $60.2 million.

 

Volume. Total shipment volume of 7,678,000 barrels for the year ended December 30, 2023 decreased by 6.2% over 2022 levels of 8,183,000 barrels, reflecting decreases in the Company’s Truly Hard Seltzer, Angry Orchard, Samuel Adams, Dogfish Head and Hard Mountain Dew brands, partially offset by increases in its Twisted Tea brand. On a 52-week comparable basis, shipment volume decreased 5.2%.

 

Depletions of the Company’s products for the year ended December 30, 2023 decreased by approximately 6% compared to the prior year, reflecting decreases in the Company’s Truly Hard Seltzer, Angry Orchard, Samuel Adams and Dogfish Head brands, partially offset by increases in its Twisted Tea and Hard Mountain Dew brands. On a 52-week comparable basis, depletions decreased 5%.

 

The Company believes distributor inventory as of December 30, 2023 averaged approximately four weeks on hand and was at an appropriate level for each of its brands.

 

Net Revenue per barrel. The net revenue per barrel increased by 2.4% to $261.61 per barrel for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $255.44 per barrel for the year ended December 31, 2022, primarily due to price increases, partially offset by product mix impacts.

 

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold was $150.59 per barrel for the fifty-two weeks ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $150.10 per barrel for the fifty-three weeks ended December 31, 2022. The 2023 increase in cost of goods sold of $0.49, or 0.3% per barrel was primarily due to inflationary cost impacts of $30.0 million, or $3.91 per barrel, increased third-party production shortfall fees of $6.5 million, or $0.85 per barrel, the brewery cost absorption impact due to lower volume of $6.2 million, or $0.80 per barrel, and a contract settlement cost of $4.5 million, or $0.59 per barrel partially offset by contract renegotiations and recipe optimization of $26.6 million, or $3.46 per barrel, and decreases in inventory obsolescence of $14.8 million, or $1.93 per barrel.

 

Inflationary impacts of $30.0 million consist primarily of increased material costs of $16.0 million, costs of third-party production of $7.6 million, and internal brewery costs of $6.4 million.

 

33


 

Supply chain constraints in package materials, primarily cans, have impacted production schedules and increased can costs, as a result of using a more expensive supplier. During fiscal 2023 and 2022, the additional can costs related to use of this more expensive supplier were zero and $3.6 million, respectively. These supply chain constraints in package materials did not otherwise have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or capital resources.

 

Gross profit. Gross profit was $111.01 per barrel for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $105.33 per barrel for the year ended December 31, 2022. Gross margin was 42.4% for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to 41.2% for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase was primarily due price increases, contract renegotiations and recipe optimization and lower inventory obsolescence partially offset by inflationary costs, increased third-party production shortfall fees and brewery cost absorption impact due to lower volume.

 

The Company includes freight charges related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to Distributor locations in its advertising, promotional and selling expense line item. As such, the Company’s gross margins may not be comparable to other entities that classify costs related to distribution differently.

 

Advertising, promotional, and selling expenses. Advertising, promotional and selling expenses, decreased $22.4 million, or 3.9%, to $556.0 million for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $578.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease was primarily due to decreased freight to distributors of $50.9 million from lower rates and volumes, partially offset by an increase in brand investments of $28.5 million, mainly driven by higher investments in local marketing and media of $15.9 million and increased salaries and benefits costs of $14.0 million.

 

Advertising, promotional and selling expenses were 27.7% of net revenue, or $72.41 per barrel, for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to 27.7% of net revenue, or $70.68 per barrel, for the year ended December 31, 2022. The Company will invest in advertising and promotional campaigns that it believes are effective, but there is no guarantee that such investment will generate sales growth.

 

The Company conducts certain advertising and promotional activities in its Distributors’ markets, and the Distributors make contributions to the Company for such efforts. These amounts are included in the Company’s statement of operations as reductions to advertising, promotional and selling expenses. Historically, contributions from Distributors for advertising and promotional activities have amounted to approximately 2% of net sales. The Company may adjust its promotional efforts in the Distributors’ markets, if changes occur in these promotional contribution arrangements, depending on the industry and market conditions.

 

General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses increased by $17.0 million, or 10.8%, to $174.5 million for the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $157.5 million for the comparable period in 2022. The increase was primarily due to increased consulting costs of $7.5 million and increased salaries and benefits costs of $4.9 million, mainly due to higher incentive compensation.

 

Impairment of intangible assets. Impairment of intangible assets reflects a $16.4 million non-cash impairment charge recorded primarily for the Dogfish Head brand, taken as a result of the Company’s annual impairment analysis as of September 1, 2023. The impairment determination was primarily based on the latest forecasts of brand performance which have been below the Company’s previous projections. In fiscal 2022, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $27.1 million for the Dogfish Head brand. See further discussion in Note H to the Consolidated Financial Statements within Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

Impairment of brewery assets. Impairment of brewery assets of $5.4 million increased by $2.6 million from the prior fiscal year, due to higher write-offs of equipment at Company-owned breweries.

 

Contract termination costs and other. Contract termination costs decreased by $5.4 million primarily due to costs incurred during fiscal year 2022 resulting from negotiations with a supplier that terminated a production agreement.

 

Income tax provision. The Company’s effective tax rate for fiscal 2023 was a tax provision of 30.2% compared to 26.4% in fiscal 2022, primarily due to an increase in non-deductible officer compensation.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are its existing cash balances, cash flows from operating activities and amounts available under its revolving credit facility. The Company’s material cash requirements include working capital needs, satisfaction of contractual commitments, and investment in the Company’s business through capital expenditures.

34


 

 

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash increased to $298.5 million as of December 30, 2023 from $180.6 million as of December 31, 2022, primarily reflecting cash provided by operating activities and proceeds from the exercise of stock options and sale of investment shares, partially offset by repurchases of Class A common stock and purchases of property, plant, and equipment.

 

Cash provided by operating activities consists of net income, adjusted for certain non-cash items, such as depreciation and amortization, impairment of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, other non-cash items included in operating results, and changes in operating assets and liabilities, such as accounts receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, and accrued expenses.

 

Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 30, 2023 was $265.2 million and consisted of net income of $76.3 million, non-cash items of $124.0 million, and an inflow of $64.9 million from a net decrease in operating assets and liabilities. The inventory decrease of $31.5 million is due to improvements in supply chain process resulting in lower inventory levels and lower volumes. The third-party production prepayments decrease of $27.8 million is due to expensing of these prepayments over the respective contract terms. The accrued expenses and other current liabilities increase of $13.9 million is primarily due to increases in accrued incentive compensation compared to the prior year. The accounts receivable increase of $10.3 million is primarily due timing of shipments in the month of December compared to the prior year.

 

Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $199.9 million and consisted of net income of $67.3 million, non-cash items of $142.4 million and outflows of $9.7 million from net increases in operating assets and liabilities. The change is primarily due to a net decrease in operating assets and liabilities in fiscal 2023 compared to a net increase in fiscal 2022.

 

The Company used $62.4 million in investing activities during the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $88.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2022. Investing activities during both periods primarily consisted of capital investments made mostly in the Company’s breweries to drive efficiencies and cost reductions and support product innovation and potential future growth.

 

Cash used in financing activities was $84.8 million during the year ended December 30, 2023, as compared to $2.8 million provided by during the year ended December 31, 2022. The change is primarily due to $92.9 million in repurchases of Class A common stock in fiscal 2023.

 

During fiscal year 2023, the Company repurchased and subsequently retired 276,045 shares of its Class A Common Stock, respectively, for an aggregate purchase price of $92.9 million. As of December 30, 2023, the Company had repurchased a cumulative total of approximately 14.1 million shares of its Class A Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $933.5 million and had approximately $266.5 million remaining on the $1.2 billion stock repurchase expenditure limit set by the Board of Directors.

 

The Company expects that its cash balance as of December 30, 2023 of $298.5 million and future operating cash flows, along with its $150.0 million credit facility agreement, will be sufficient to fund future cash requirements. Refer to Note K of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements within Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for further details of the terms of the credit facility agreement. As of the date of this filing, the Company was not in violation of any of its covenants to the lender under the credit facility.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations is based upon its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires the Company to make significant estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. These items are monitored and analyzed by management for changes in facts and circumstances, and material changes in these estimates could occur in the future. The more judgmental estimates are summarized below. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from the Company’s estimates.

 

Provision for Excess or Expired Inventory

 

35


 

The provisions for excess or expired inventory are based on management’s estimates of forecasted usage of inventories on hand. Forecasting usage involves significant judgments regarding future demand for the Company’s various existing products and products under development as well as the potency and shelf-life of various raw material ingredients and finished goods. A significant change in the timing or level of demand for certain products as compared to forecasted amounts may result in recording additional provisions for excess or expired inventory in the future. Provision for excess or expired inventory included in cost of goods sold was $19.3 million, $35.9 million, and $62.6 million in fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021 respectively.

 

Valuation of Property, Plant, and Equipment

 

The carrying value of property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, at December 30, 2023 was $642.5 million. For purposes of determining whether there are any impairment losses on brewery assets, as further discussed below, management has historically examined the carrying value of the Company’s identifiable long-lived assets, including their useful lives, semi-annually, or more frequently when indicators of impairment are present. Evaluations of whether indicators of impairment exist involve judgments regarding the current and future business environment and the length of time the Company intends to use the asset. If an impairment loss is identified based on the fair value of the asset, as compared to the carrying value of the asset, such loss would be charged to expense in the period the impairment is identified. Furthermore, if the review of the carrying values of the long-lived assets indicates impairment of such assets, the Company may determine that shorter estimated useful lives are more appropriate. In that event, the Company will be required to record additional depreciation in future periods, which will reduce earnings. Estimating the amount of impairment, if any, requires significant judgments including identification of potential impairments, market comparison to similar assets, estimated cash flows to be generated by the asset, discount rates, the remaining useful life of the asset, and the usefulness of the asset in consideration of future business plans. Impairment of brewery assets classified as property, plant, and equipment included in operating expenses was $5.0 million, $2.6 million and $18.5 million in fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

 

Factors generally considered important which could trigger an impairment review on the carrying value of long-lived assets include the following: (1) significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results; (2) significant changes in the manner of use of acquired assets or the strategy for the Company’s overall business; (3) underutilization of assets; and (4) discontinuance of products by the Company or its customers.

 

Valuation of Goodwill and Indefinite Lived Intangible Assets

 

The Company has recorded intangible assets with indefinite lives and goodwill for which impairment testing is required at least annually or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that these assets might be impaired. The Company performs its annual impairment tests and re-evaluates the useful lives of other intangible assets with indefinite lives at the annual impairment test measurement date in the third quarter of each fiscal year or when circumstances arise that indicate a possible impairment or change in useful life might exist.

 

The Company’s annual goodwill impairment evaluation analysis conducted at the end of fiscal August indicated that the fair value of the Company’s goodwill was substantially greater than the carrying value and accordingly there was no impairment to record during fiscal 2023. The guidance for goodwill impairment testing allows an entity to assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the estimated fair value of a reporting unit, of which the Company has one, is less than its carrying amount or to proceed directly to performing a quantitative impairment test. Under the quantitative assessment, the estimated fair value of the Company’s reporting unit is compared to its carrying value, including goodwill. The estimate of fair value of the Company’s reporting unit is generally calculated based on an income approach using the discounted cash flow method supplemented by the market approach which considers the Company’s market capitalization and enterprise value. If the estimated fair value of the Company’s reporting unit is less than the carrying value of its reporting unit, a goodwill impairment will be recognized. In estimating the fair value of the Company’s reporting unit, management must make assumptions and projections regarding such items as future cash flows, future revenues, future earnings, cost of capital, and other factors. The assumptions used in the estimate of fair value are based on historical trends and the projections and assumptions that are used in the latest operating plans. These assumptions reflect management’s estimates of future economic and competitive conditions and are, therefore, subject to change as a result of changing market conditions. If these estimates or their related assumptions change in the future, the Company may be required to recognize an impairment loss for the Company’s goodwill which could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

The Company’s intangible assets consist primarily of a trademark and customer relationships obtained through the Company’s Dogfish Head acquisition. Customer relationships are amortized over their estimated useful lives. The Dogfish Head trademark which was determined to have an indefinite useful life is not amortized. The guidance for indefinite lived

36


 

intangible asset impairment testing allows an entity to assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that the indefinite lived intangible asset is impaired or to proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test. Under the quantitative assessment, the trademark is evaluated for impairment by comparing the carrying value of the trademark to its estimated fair value. The estimated fair value of the trademark is calculated based on an income approach using the relief from royalty method. If the estimated fair value is less than the carrying value of the trademark, then an impairment charge is recognized to reduce the carrying value of the trademark to its estimated fair value.

 

Significant judgment is required to estimate the fair value the Dogfish Head trademark. Accordingly, the Company obtains the assistance of third-party valuation specialists as part of the impairment evaluation. In estimating the fair value of the trademark, management must make assumptions and projections regarding future cash flows based upon future revenues, the market-based royalty rate, the discount rate, and the after-tax royalty savings expected from ownership of the trademark. The assumptions and projections used in the estimate of fair value are consistent with recent trends and represent the projections used in the Company’s current strategic operating plans which include reductions in revenues from the Dogfish Head beer products which were partially offset with revenue growth from the new Dogfish Head canned cocktails products that were launched in 2021. These assumptions reflect management’s estimates of future economic and competitive conditions and consider many factors including macroeconomic conditions, industry growth rates, and competitive activities and are, therefore, subject to change as a result of changing market conditions. If these estimates or their related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to recognize an additional impairment charge for the asset. The recognition of any resulting impairment charge could have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial statements.

 

The Company performed a sensitivity analysis on its significant assumptions used in the Dogfish Head trademark fair value calculation and determined the following:

 

A decrease in the annual forecasted revenue growth rate of 1.0% would result in a 5.2% decrease to the current fair value of $55.6 million.
An increase in the discount rate of 1.5% would result in a 11.7% decrease to the current fair value of $55.6 million.

 

Revenue Recognition and Classification of Customer Programs and Incentives

 

The Company recognizes revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with its customer are satisfied; generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of its products. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for transferring products. If the conditions for revenue recognition are not met, the Company defers the revenue until all conditions are met. As of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had deferred revenue of $8.9 million and $6.8 million, respectively, related to product shipped prior to these dates for which the criteria to recognize revenue was not met as of these dates. These amounts are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

The Company is committed to maintaining the freshness of its products in the market. In certain circumstances and with the Company’s approval, the Company accepts and destroys or offers credits for stale beer that is returned or destroyed by Distributors. The Company generally credits approximately fifty percent of the distributor’s cost of beer that has passed its freshness expiration date when it is returned to the Company or destroyed. The Company reduces revenue and establishes an accrual based upon both historical returns, which is applied to an estimated lag time for receipt of product, and knowledge of specific return transactions. Estimating this reserve involves significant judgments and estimates, including comparability of historical return trends to future trends, lag time from date of sale to date of return, and product mix of returns. Stale beer expense is reflected in the accompanying financial statements as a reduction of revenue. Historically, the cost of actual stale beer returns has been in line with established reserves; however, the cost could differ materially from the reserves which would impact revenue. As of December 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, the stale beer reserve was $8.2 million and $5.6 million, respectively. These amounts are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Customer programs and incentives are a common practice in the alcohol beverage industry. Amounts paid in connection with customer programs and incentives are recorded as reductions to net revenue or as advertising, promotional and selling expenses, based on the nature of the expenditure. Customer incentives and other payments made to Distributors are primarily based upon the performance of certain marketing and advertising activities. Depending on applicable state laws and regulations, these activities promoting the Company’s products may include, but are not limited to, point-of-sale and merchandise placement, samples, product displays, promotional programs at retail locations and meals, travel and entertainment. Amounts paid to customers in connection with these programs that were recorded as reductions to net revenue or as advertising, promotional and selling expenses totaled $106.4 million, $95.9 million and $126.1 million in fiscal years

37


 

2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively. Estimates are based on historical and projected experience for each type of program or customer and have historically been in line with actual costs incurred.

 

Customer promotional discount programs are entered into with Distributors for certain periods of time. Amounts paid to Distributors in connection with these programs in fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021 were $62.6 million, $54.8 million and $72.7 million, respectively. The reimbursements for discounts to Distributors are recorded as reductions to net revenue. The agreed-upon discount rates are applied to certain Distributors’ sales to retailers, based on volume metrics, in order to determine the total discounted amount. The computation of the discount allowance requires that management make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the timing and amounts of revenue and liabilities recorded. Actual promotional discounts owed and paid have historically been in line with allowances recorded by the Company; however, the amounts could differ from the estimated allowances.

 

Customer incentives and other payments are made primarily to Distributors based upon the performance of certain marketing and advertising activities. Depending on applicable state laws and regulations, these activities promoting the Company’s products may include, but are not limited to point-of-sale and merchandise placement, samples, product displays, promotional programs at retail locations and meals, travel and entertainment. Amounts paid to customers in connection with these programs in fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021 were $43.8 million, $41.1 million and $53.4 million, respectively. In fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021, the Company recorded certain of these costs in the total amount of $31.4 million, $29.9 million and $42.0 million, respectively as reductions to net revenue. Costs recognized in net revenues include, but are not limited to, promotional discounts, sales incentives and certain other promotional activities. Costs recognized in advertising, promotional and selling expenses include point of sale materials, samples and media advertising expenditures in local markets. These costs are recorded as incurred, generally when invoices are received; however certain estimates are required at the period end. Estimates are based on historical and projected experience for each type of program or customer and have historically been in line with actual costs incurred.

 

In connection with its preparation of financial statements and other financial reporting, management is required to make certain estimates and assumptions regarding the amount, timing and classification of expenditures resulting from these activities. Actual expenditures incurred could differ from management’s estimates and assumptions.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for share-based awards in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), which generally requires recognition of share-based compensation costs in financial statements based on fair value. Compensation cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award (the requisite service period). The amount of compensation cost recognized in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income is based on the awards ultimately expected to vest, and therefore, reduced for estimated forfeitures. Stock-based compensation was $17.0 million, $14.0 million and $18.6 million in fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

 

As permitted by ASC 718, the Company elected to use a lattice model, such as the trinomial option-pricing model, to estimate the fair values of stock options. All option-pricing models require the input of subjective assumptions. These assumptions include the estimated volatility of the Company’s common stock price over the expected term, the expected dividend rate, the estimated post-vesting forfeiture rate, the risk-free interest rate and expected exercise behavior. See Note N for further discussion of the application of the option-pricing models.

 

In addition, an estimated pre-vesting forfeiture rate is applied in the recognition of the compensation charge. Periodically, the Company grants performance-based stock options. The Company only recognizes compensation expense with respect to these options if it is probable that the performance targets will be met. Consequently, at the end of each reporting period, the Company estimates whether it is probable that performance targets will be met. Changes in the subjective assumptions and estimates can materially affect the amount of stock-based compensation expense recognized in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

Business Environment

 

38


 

The alcoholic beverage industry is highly regulated at the federal, state and local levels. The TTB and the Justice Department’s Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives enforce laws under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act. The TTB is responsible for administering and enforcing excise tax laws that directly affect the Company’s results of operations. State and regulatory authorities have the ability to suspend or revoke the Company’s licenses and permits or impose substantial fines for violations. The Company has established strict policies, procedures and guidelines in efforts to ensure compliance with all applicable state and federal laws. However, the loss or revocation of any existing license or permit could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

The High End category and the Beyond Beer category within the United States are highly competitive due to large domestic and international brewers and the increasing number of craft brewers in this category who distribute similar products that have similar pricing and target drinkers. The Company believes that its pricing is appropriate given the quality and reputation of its brands, while realizing that economic pricing pressures may affect future pricing levels. Large domestic and international brewers are able to compete more aggressively than the Company, as they have substantially greater resources, marketing strength and distribution networks than the Company. The Company anticipates competition among domestic craft brewers will remain strong, as the number of craft brewers continues to grow. The Company also increasingly competes with wine and spirits companies, some of which have significantly greater resources than the Company. This competitive environment may affect the Company’s overall performance within the High End category. As the market matures and the High End category continues to consolidate, the Company believes that companies that are well-positioned in terms of brand equity, marketing and distribution will have greater success than those who do not. With its over 300 Distributors nationwide and the Company’s sales force of over 475 people, as well as a commitment to maintaining its innovation capability, brand equity and quality, the Company believes it is well positioned to compete in the High End Beer category.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is exposed to the impact of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The Company does not enter into derivatives or other market risk sensitive instruments for the purpose of speculation or for trading purposes. Market risk sensitive instruments include derivative financial instruments, other financial instruments and derivative commodity instruments, such as futures, forwards, swaps and options, that are exposed to rate or price changes.

 

The Company enters into hops purchase contracts, as described in Note M to the Consolidated Financial Statements within Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, and makes purchases of other ingredients, equipment, and machinery and payments for commissions and marketing services to an international sales agent denominated in foreign currencies. The cost of these commitments changes as foreign exchange rates fluctuate. Currently, it is not the Company’s policy to hedge against foreign currency fluctuations.

 

The interest rate for borrowings under the Company’s credit facility is based on the applicable secured overnight financing rate ("SOFR") plus 1.1%, and therefore, subjects the Company to fluctuations in such rates. At December 30, 2023, the applicable SOFR was 5.4%. As of December 30, 2023, the Company had no amounts outstanding under its current line of credit.

 

Sensitivity Analysis

 

The Company applies a sensitivity analysis to reflect the impact of a 10% hypothetical adverse change in the foreign currency exchange rates. A potential adverse fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates could negatively impact future cash flows by approximately $1.8 million as of December 30, 2023.

 

There are many economic factors that can affect volatility in foreign exchange rates. As such factors cannot be predicted, the actual impact on earnings due to an adverse change in the respective rates could vary substantially from the amounts calculated above.

 

39


 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

40


 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of The Boston Beer Company, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of The Boston Beer Company, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended December 30, 2023, and the related notes. In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of The Boston Beer Company, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 30, 2023, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 27, 2024, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matter

 

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

 

Dogfish Head Trademark Intangible — Refer to Notes B, H, and N to the financial statements

 

Critical Audit Matter Description

 

The Company has an indefinite lived intangible asset consisting of the Dogfish Head Trademark (the “trademark”). The Company's evaluation of the trademark for impairment involves the comparison of the fair value to its' carrying value. Management estimates the fair value of the trademark annually on its elected assessment date which is September 1st of each fiscal year, or more often if impairment indicators are present, using the relief-from-royalty method, which is a discounted cash flow method. The determination of fair value requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to forecasted revenues, including growth rates, the royalty rate, and the discount rate used to estimate the fair value of the trademark asset. Changes in these assumptions could have a significant impact on the fair value of the trademark and the amount of any impairment charge. As of December 30, 2023, the carrying value of the trademark was $55.6 million. During the year ended December 30, 2023, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $15.8 million related to the trademark, since its fair value was lower than its carrying value.

 

41


 

We identified the valuation of the trademark as a critical audit matter because of the significant judgments and assumptions management makes in estimating the fair value of the trademark. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort when performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s forecasted revenues, the selection of the royalty rate and the selection of the discount rate, including the need to involve our fair value specialists.

 

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

 

Our audit procedures related to the forecasted revenues, the selected royalty rate, and the selected discount rate utilized in estimating the fair value of the trademark included the following, among others:

 

We tested the effectiveness of controls over management’s trademark impairment evaluation, including those over the determination of the fair value of the trademark, such as controls related to management’s forecasts of future revenue, and the selection of the royalty rate and the discount rate.

 

We evaluated management’s ability to accurately forecast revenues by comparing actual revenues to management’s historical forecasts.

 

We evaluated the reasonableness of management’s forecasts by comparing forecasted revenues to:

 

The Company’s business strategies and growth plans including consideration of the effects of new products;
Historical results and trends; and
Industry reports.

 

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the valuation methodology and management’s assumptions including the royalty rate and the discount rate by:

 

Testing the source information underlying the determination of the royalty rate, the discount rate, and the mathematical accuracy of the calculations.
Developing a range of independent estimates for the discount rate and comparing those to the discount rate selected by management.

 

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Boston, Massachusetts

February 27, 2024

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.

 

42


 

THE BOSTON BEER COMPANY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

December 30,
2023

 

 

December 31,
2022

 

 

December 25,
2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

2,133,292

 

 

$

2,222,667

 

 

$

2,196,650

 

Less excise taxes

 

 

124,667

 

 

 

132,333

 

 

 

139,028

 

Net revenue

 

 

2,008,625

 

 

 

2,090,334

 

 

 

2,057,622

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

1,156,256

 

 

 

1,228,348

 

 

 

1,259,830

 

Gross profit

 

 

852,369

 

 

 

861,986

 

 

 

797,792

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertising, promotional, and selling expenses

 

 

555,998

 

 

 

578,400

 

 

 

606,994

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

174,548

 

 

 

157,534

 

 

 

133,624

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 

 

16,426

 

 

 

27,100

 

 

 

 

Impairment of brewery assets

 

 

5,396

 

 

 

2,782

 

 

 

18,499

 

Contract termination costs and other

 

 

 

 

 

5,379

 

 

 

30,678

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

752,368

 

 

 

771,195

 

 

 

789,795

 

Operating income

 

 

100,001

 

 

 

90,791

 

 

 

7,997

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

10,995

 

 

 

2,561

 

 

 

(110

)

Other expense, net

 

 

(1,408

)

 

 

(1,916

)

 

 

(978

)

Total other income (expense), net

 

 

9,587

 

 

 

645

 

 

 

(1,088

)

Income before income tax provision

 

 

109,588

 

 

 

91,436

 

 

 

6,909

 

Income tax provision (benefit)

 

 

33,338

 

 

 

24,173

 

 

 

(7,644

)

Net income

 

$

76,250

 

 

$

67,263

 

 

$

14,553

 

Net income per common share - basic

 

$

6.23

 

 

$

5.46

 

 

$

1.19

 

Net income per common share - diluted

 

$

6.21

 

 

$

5.44

 

 

$

1.17

 

Weighted-average number of common shares - basic

 

 

12,243

 

 

 

12,317

 

 

 

12,280

 

Weighted-average number of common shares - diluted

 

 

12,258

 

 

 

12,345

 

 

 

12,436

 

Net income

 

$

76,250

 

 

$

67,263

 

 

$

14,553

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

166

 

 

 

(269

)

 

 

(32

)

Defined benefit plans liability adjustment

 

 

(13

)

 

 

253

 

 

 

90

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

153

 

 

 

(16

)

 

 

58

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

76,403

 

 

$

67,247

 

 

$

14,611

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

43


 

THE BOSTON BEER COMPANY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

December 30,
2023

 

 

December 31,
2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

298,491

 

 

$

180,560

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

66,997

 

 

 

56,672

 

Inventories

 

 

115,773

 

 

 

148,450

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

20,538

 

 

 

27,461

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

1,711

 

 

 

10,126

 

Total current assets

 

 

503,510

 

 

 

423,269

 

Property, plant, and equipment, net

 

 

642,509