Company Quick10K Filing
Scandium International Mining
Price-0.00 EPS-0
Shares312 P/E0
MCap-0 P/FCF0
Net Debt-0 EBIT-2
TEV-0 TEV/EBIT0
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-11
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-28
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-12
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10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-15
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10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-16
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10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-25
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10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-03-28
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10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-14
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8-K 2020-06-04
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8-K 2018-01-31
8-K 2018-01-23
8-K 2018-01-16

SCY 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management’S Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II – Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 scy_ex311.htm
EX-31.2 scy_ex312.htm
EX-32.1 scy_ex321.htm
EX-32.2 scy_ex322.htm

Scandium International Mining Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 scy_10q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT scy_10q
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
[X] QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
 
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _________ to __________________
 
000-54416
(Commission File Number)
 
SCANDIUM INTERNATIONAL MINING CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 British Columbia, Canada    
 98-1009717
 (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 (IRS Employer Identification No.)

1430 Greg Street, Suite 501, Sparks, Nevada 89431
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
 (775) 355-9500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes [X] No [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer [ ] Accelerated filer [ ] Non-accelerated filer [ ] Smaller reporting company [X] Emerging growth company [ ]
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: As of May 7, 2020, the registrant’s outstanding common stock consisted of 312,482,595 shares.
 

 
 
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Scandium International Mining Corp.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Expressed in US Dollars) (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
As at:
 
 
March 31,
2020
 
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $310,629 
 $115,568 
    Prepaid expenses and receivables
  31,805 
  45,763 
 
    
    
Total Current Assets
  342,434 
  161,331 
 
    
    
Reclamation bond (Note 4)
  11,444 
  11,444 
Equipment (Note 3)
  6,390 
  6,967 
Mineral property interests (Note 4)
  704,053 
  704,053 
 
    
    
Total Assets
 $1,064,321 
 $883,795 
 
    
    
 
    
    
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
    
    
 
    
    
Current
    
    
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 $266,784 
 $269,059 
    Accounts payable with related parties (Note 5)
  343,220 
  269,165 
 
    
    
Total Liabilities
  610,004 
  538,224 
 
    
    
Equity
    
    
Capital stock (Note 6) (Authorized: Unlimited number of common shares; Issued and outstanding: 312,482,595 (2019 – 312,482,595)
  109,375,661 
  109,375,661 
Treasury stock (Note 7) (1,033,333 common shares) (2019 – 1,033,333)
  (1,264,194)
  (1,264,194)
Additional paid in capital (Note 6)
  6,190,834 
  5,936,074 
    Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  (853,400)
  (853,400)
Deficit
  (112,994,584)
  (112,848,570)
 
    
    
Total Equity
  454,317 
  345,571 
 
    
    
Total Liabilities and Equity
 $1,064,321 
 $883,795 
 
Nature and continuance of operations (Note 1)
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3
 
Scandium International Mining Corp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Expressed in US Dollars) (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3-month period ended
 
 
 
March 31,
2020
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization (Note 3)
 $577 
 $577 
Consulting
  30,375 
  95,618 
Exploration (recovery)
  15,961 
  (26,184)
General and administrative
  62,450 
  94,492 
Insurance
  8,239 
  7,584 
Professional fees
  27,545 
  29,204 
Salaries and benefits
  113,570 
  114,109 
Stock-based compensation (Note 6)
  254,760 
  13,116 
Travel and entertainment
  3,657 
  13,731 
 
    
    
 
  (517,134)
  (342,247)
 
    
    
Foreign exchange gain (loss)
  (11,310)
  9,481 
      Sale of royalty (Note 9)
  382,430 
  - 
 
    
    
Loss and comprehensive loss for the period
 $(146,014)
 $(332,766)
 
    
    
Basic and diluted loss per common share
 $0.00 
 $0.00 
 
    
    
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted
  312,482,595 
  305,571,161 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4
 
 
Scandium International Mining Corp.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Expressed in US Dollars) (Unaudited)
 
 
 
3-month period ended
 
 
 
March 31,
2020
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss for the period
 $(146,014)
 $(332,766)
Items not affecting cash:
    
    
Amortization
  577 
  577 
Stock-based compensation
  254,760 
  13,116 
 
    
    
Changes in non-cash working capital items:
    
    
Decrease in prepaid expenses and receivables
  13,958 
  8,493 
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable, accrued liabilities and accounts payable with related parties
  71,780 
  (96,018)
 
  195,061 
  (406,598)
 
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    
    
Common shares issued
  - 
  799,483 
Options exercised for common shares
  - 
  96,680 
 
  - 
  896,163 
 
    
    
Change in cash during the period
  195,061 
  489,565 
Cash, beginning of period
  115,568 
  284,757 
 
    
    
Cash, end of period
 $310,629 
 $774,322 
 
 
2020
2019
Cash paid during the 3-month period for interest
 $- 
 $ 
Cash paid during the 3-month period for taxes
 $- 
 $- 
 
 
5
 
 
 Scandium International Mining Corp.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (Expressed in US Dollars) (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Capital Stock
 
 
 
Additional Paid in Capital
 
 
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
  304,781,294 
 $108,244,311 
 $5,675,812 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(110,900,636)
 $901,893 
Private placement
  5,926,301 
  799,483 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  799,483 
Options exercised
  1,075,000 
  197,778 
  (101,098)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  96,680 
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  13,116 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  13,116 
Loss for the three months
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (332,766)
  (332,766)
Balance, March 31, 2019
  311,782,595 
 $109,241,572 
 $5,587,830 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(111,233,402)
 $1,478,406 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  409,520 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  409,520 
Loss for the three months
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (859,934)
  (859,934)
Balance, June 30, 2019
  311,782,595 
 $109,241,572 
 $5,997,350 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(112,093,336)
 $1,027,992 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Options exercised
  700,000 
  134,089 
  (69,773)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  64,316 
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  4,844 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  4,844 
Loss for the three months
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (443,426)
  (443,426)
Balance, September 30, 2019
  312,482,595 
 $109,375,661 
 $5,932,421 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(112,536,762)
 $653,726 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  3,653 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  3,653 
Loss for the three months
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (311,808)
  (311,808)
Balance, December 31, 2019
  312,482,595 
 $109,375,661 
 $5,936,074 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(112,848,570)
 $345,571 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  254,760 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  254,760 
Loss for the three months
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (146,014)
  (146,014)
Balance, March 31, 2020
  312,482,595 
 $109,375,661 
 $6,190,834 
 $(1,264,194)
 $(853,400)
 $(112,994,584)
 $454,317 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
6
 
 
1.
NATURE AND CONTINUANCE OF OPERATIONS
 
Scandium International Mining Corp. (the “Company”) is a specialty metals and alloys company focusing on scandium and other specialty metals.
 
The Company was incorporated under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, Canada in 2006. The Company currently trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol “SCY”.
 
The Company’s focus is on the exploration and evaluation of its specialty metals assets, specifically the Nyngan scandium deposit located in New South Wales, Australia. The Company is an exploration stage company and anticipates incurring significant additional expenditures prior to production at any and all of its properties.
 
These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis that contemplates the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities at their carrying values in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future. These financial statements do not reflect any adjustments that may be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.
 
The Company currently earns no operating revenues and will require additional capital in order to advance the Nyngan property. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is uncertain and is dependent upon the generation of profits from mineral properties, obtaining additional financing and maintaining continued support from its shareholders and creditors. These are material uncertainties that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. In the event that additional financial support is not received, or operating profits are not generated, the carrying values of the Company’s assets may be adversely affected.
 
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus COVID-19 a global pandemic. This contagious disease outbreak, which has continued to spread, and any related adverse public health developments, has adversely affected workforces, economies, and financial markets globally, potentially leading to an economic downturn. It is not possible for the Company to predict the duration or magnitude of the adverse results of the outbreak and its effects on the Company’s business or ability to raise funds.
 
2.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
Basis of presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the consolidated accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries with all significant intercompany transactions eliminated. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods have been made. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the United States of America (“US GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 and with our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2020. Operating results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 may not necessarily be indicative of the results for the year ending December 31, 2020.
 
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, EMC Metals USA Inc., Scandium International Mining Corp., Norway AS, SCY Exploration Finland Oy, and EMC Metals Australia Pty Ltd. (“EMC-A”).
 
Use of estimates
 
The preparation of unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to the deferred income tax asset valuations, asset impairment, stock-based compensation and loss contingencies. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience, and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences between estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
 
The Company considers itself to be an exploration stage company and will consider the transition to development stage after it receives funding to begin mine construction, and board approval.
 
Fair value of financial assets and liabilities
 
The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on US GAAP guidance which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.
 
 
7
 
 
  2.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION (cont’d…)
 
The Company classifies financial assets and liabilities as held-for-trading, available-for-sale, held-to-maturity, loans and receivables or other financial liabilities depending on their nature. Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized at fair value on their initial recognition, except for those arising from certain related party transactions which are accounted for at the transferor’s carrying amount or exchange amount. 
 
Financial assets and liabilities classified as held-for-trading are measured at fair value, with gains and losses recognized in net income. Financial assets classified as held-to-maturity, loans and receivables, and financial liabilities other than those classified as held-for-trading are measured at amortized cost, using the effective interest method of amortization. Financial assets classified as available-
for-sale are measured at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses being recognized as other comprehensive income until realized, or if an unrealized loss is considered other than temporary, the unrealized loss is recorded in income.
 
Financial instruments, including receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, and accounts payable with related parties are carried at amortized cost, which management believes approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.
 
The Company has no leases with a term of greater than 12 months. Short term lease expenses totaled $7,383 during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and $6,699 during the quarter ended March 31, 2019.
 
The following table presents information about the assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as at March 31, 2020 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques the Company utilized to determine such fair value. In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize data points that are observable such as quoted prices, interest rates and yield curves. Fair values determined by Level 3 inputs are unobservable data points for the asset or liability, and included situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset:
 
 
 
March 31,
2020
 
 
Quoted Pricesin Active Markets
(Level 1)
 
 
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash 
 $310,629 
 $310,629 
 $ 
 $ 
 
    
    
    
    
Total
 $310,629 
 $310,629 
 $ 
 $ 
 
Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards
 
Accounting Standards Update 2019-12 – Income Taxes (Topic 740) The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“Board”) is issuing this Update as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial statements.
 
Accounting Standards Update 2019-01 – Leases (Topic 842) Codification Improvements - Issue 3 Transition Disclosures Related to Topic 250, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections. The amendments in this Update clarify the Board’s original intent by explicitly providing an exception to the paragraph 250-10-50-3 interim disclosure requirements in the Topic 842 transition disclosure requirements. The effective date is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company has evaluated that this guidance will have little or no impact on its financial statements.
 
Accounting Standards Update 2018-13 – Fair Value Measurement (Topic 840) Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this update apply to all entities that are required, under existing GAAP, to make disclosures about recurring or nonrecurring fair value measurements. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company has adopted this policy which has no material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
 
3.
EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
Net Book Value
 
 
Additions
(disposals)
(write-offs)
 
 
Amortization
 
 
March 31, 2020
Net Book Value
 
Computer equipment
 $6,967 
 $- 
 $(577)
 $6,390 
 
 
 
December 31, 2018
Net Book Value
 
 
Additions
(disposals)
(write-offs)
 
 
 
 
Amortization
 
 
December 31, 2019
Net Book Value
 
Computer equipment
 $9,274 
 $- 
 $(2,307)
 $6,967 
 
 
8
 
 
4.
MINERAL PROPERTY INTERESTS
 
March 31, 2020
 
Scandium and other
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019
 $704,053 
 
Title to mineral property interests involves certain inherent risks due to the difficulties of determining the validity of certain claims as well as the potential for problems arising from the frequently ambiguous conveyancing history characteristic of many mineral property interests. The Company has investigated title to all of its mineral property interests and, to the best of its knowledge, title to all of its properties is in good standing.
 
SCANDIUM PROPERTIES
 
Nyngan, New South Wales Property
 
The Company holds a 100% interest in the Nyngan property in New South Wales, Australia (NSW). A definitive feasibility study was completed on the property in fiscal 2016.
 
In April 2019, the Company received notice from the New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment (the “Department”) that, due to a procedural issue within the Department, the Company’s Mine Lease Grant (“ML 1763”) pertaining to the Nyngan Scandium Project, previously issued by the Department, is invalid. In May 2019, the Company filed a new mine lease application with the Department, related to the Nyngan Scandium Project. On July 24, 2019, the Company announced that a new mine lease (“ML 1792”) had been granted.
 
Royalties attached to the Nyngan property include a 0.7% royalty on gross mineral sales on the property, a 1.5% Net Profits Interest royalty to private parties involved with the early exploration on the property, and a 1.7% Net Smelter Returns royalty payable for 12 years after production commences. Another revenue royalty is payable to private interests of 0.2%, subject to a $370,000 cap. A NSW minerals royalty will also be levied on the project, subject to negotiation, currently 4% on revenue.
 
Honeybugle property, Australia
 
The Company holds a 100% interest in the Honeybugle property.
 
Kiviniemi Scandium Property Finland
 
In August 2018, the Company was granted an Exploration License for the Kiviniemi Scandium Property in central Finland from the Finnish regulatory body governing mineral exploration and mining in Finland. As of March 31, 2019, no funds have been capitalized for this property. During fiscal 2018, a reclamation bond of $11,444 (€10,000) was placed.
 
5.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company expensed $196,551 for stock-based compensation for stock options issued to Company directors. During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company expensed $Nil for stock-based compensation for stock options issued to Company directors.
 
During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company expensed a consulting fee of $25,500 to one of its directors.During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company expensed a consulting fee of $25,500 to one of its directors.
 
As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $343,220 to various directors and officers of the Company. (December 31, 2019 - $269,165).
 
6.
CAPITAL STOCK AND ADDITIONAL PAID IN CAPITAL
 
Private placements
 
On March 21, 2019, the Company issued 5,926,301 common shares at a value of C$0.18 per common share for total proceeds of C$1,066,734 ($799,483).
 
 
9
 
 
6.
CAPITAL STOCK AND ADDITIONAL PAID IN CAPITAL (cont’d…)
 
Stock Options
 
The Company established a stock option plan (the “Plan”) under which it is authorized to grant options to executive officers and directors, employees and consultants and the number of options granted under the Plan shall not exceed 15% of the shares outstanding. Under the Plan, the exercise period of the options may not exceed ten years from the date of grant and vesting is determined by the Board of Directors. 
 
Stock option transactions are summarized as follows:
 
 
 
Stock Options
 
 
 
 
 
Number
 
 
Weighted average
exercise price in Canadian $
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding, December 31, 2018
  29,065,000 
 $0.19 
Granted
  9,860,000 
  0.15 
Exercised
  (1,775,000)
  0.12 
Expired
  (2,540,000)
  0.16 
 
    
    
Outstanding, December 31, 2019
  34,610,000 
  0.188 
Granted
  8,425,000 
  0.065 
Expired
  (4,660,000)
  0.150 
 
    
    
Outstanding, March 31, 2020
  38,375,000 
 $0.166 
 
    
    
Number currently exercisable
  38,375,000 
 $0.166 
 
As at March 31, 2020, incentive stock options were outstanding as follows:
 
 
 
 
Number of
Options Outstanding
 
 
 
Number of
Options Exercisable
 
 
 
Exercise
Price in Canadian $
 
 Expiry Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  3,450,000 
  3,450,000 
  0.140 
April 17, 2020*
 
  250,000 
  250,000 
  0.600 
May 11, 2020
 
  100,000 
  100,000 
  0.225 
July 11, 2020
 
  25,000 
  25,000 
  0.150 
July 11, 2020
 
  400,000 
  400,000 
  0.115 
August 28, 2020
 
  4,300,000 
  4,300,000 
  0.100 
November 5, 2020
 
  4,850,000 
  4,850,000 
  0.130 
February 8, 2021
 
  4,800,000 
  4,800,000 
  0.370 
February 21, 2022
 
  250,000 
  250,000 
  0.300 
October 6, 2022
 
  6,100,000 
  6,100,000 
  0.225 
January 19, 2023
 
  350,000 
  350,000 
  0.185 
August 30, 2023
 
  5,025,000 
  5,025,000 
  0.150 
May 9, 2024
 
  50,000 
  50,000 
  0.130 
June 24, 2024
 
  8,425,000 
  8,425,000 
  0.065 
March 19, 2025
 
    
    
    
 
 
  38,375,000 
  38,375,000 
    
 
            * These options expired unexercised on April 17, 2020.
 
As at March 31, 2020 the Company’s outstanding and exercisable stock options have an aggregate intrinsic value of $Nil (December 31, 2019 - $Nil).
 
 
10
 
 
6.
CAPITAL STOCK AND ADDITIONAL PAID IN CAPITAL (cont’d…)
 
           
Stock-based compensation
 
During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized stock-based compensation of $254,760 (March 31, 2019 - $13,116) in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss. There were 8,425,000 stock options granted during the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020 (March 31, 2019 – Nil).
 
The weighted average fair value of the options granted in the quarter was C$0.065 (2018 – C$ Nil).
 
The fair value of all compensatory options granted is estimated on grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The weighted average assumptions used in calculating the fair values of stock options granted in the 3-month period ended March 31 are as follows:
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Risk-free interest rate
  1.31%
  N/A 
Expected life
  5 years  
  N/A 
Volatility
  86.26%
  N/A 
Forfeiture rate
  N/A 
  N/A 
Dividend rate
  N/A 
  N/A 
 
 
7.
TREASURY STOCK
 
 
 
 
Number
 
 
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury shares, March 31, 2020 and December 31 2019
  1,033,333 
 $1,264,194 
 
    
    
 
  1,033,333 
 $1,264,194 
 
Treasury shares comprise shares of the Company which cannot be sold without the prior approval of the TSX.
 
 
8.
SEGMENTED INFORMATION
 
The Company’s mineral properties are located in Australia. The Company’s capital assets’ geographic information is as follows:
 
March 31, 2020
 
Australia
 
 
United States
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment
 $- 
 $6,390 
 $6,390 
Mineral property interests
  704,053 
  - 
  704,053 
 
    
    
    
 
 $704,053 
 $6,390 
 $710,443 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Australia
 
 
United States
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment
 $- 
 $6,967 
 $6,967 
Mineral property interests
  704,053 
  - 
  704,053 
 
    
    
    
 
 $704,053 
 $6,967 
 $711,020 
 
9.
SALE OF ROYALTY
 
On January 16, 2020, the Company received net proceeds of C$500,000 from completion of a royalty buyback agreement.  The Company’s royalty interest was related to the Windfall Lake gold property in Quebec, Canada, and was carried at zero value on the balance sheet.
 
 
11
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
The following discussion of the operating results, corporate activities and financial condition of Scandium International Mining Corp. (hereinafter referred to as “we”, “us”, “Scandium International”, “SCY”, or the “Company”) and its subsidiaries provides an analysis of the operating and financial results between December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020 and a comparison of the material changes in our results of operations and financial condition between the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 and the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. This discussion should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth under the heading “Risk Factors and Uncertainties” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
The interim statements have been prepared in accordance with US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, as required under U.S. federal securities laws applicable to the Company, and as permitted under applicable Canadian securities laws. The Company is a reporting company under applicable securities laws in Canada and the United States. The reporting currency used in our financial statements is the United States Dollar.
 
The information contained within this report is current as of May 7, 2020 unless otherwise noted. Additional information relevant to the Company’s activities can be found on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and on EDGAR at www.sec.gov.
 
Technical information in this Form 10Q, including the MD&A, has been reviewed and approved by Willem Duyvesteyn, a Qualified Person as defined by Canadian National Instrument 43-101 (“NI 43-101”). Mr. Duyvesteyn is a director of and consultant to Scandium International.
 
Cautionary Note to U.S. Investors Regarding Reserve and Resource Estimates
 
The Company uses Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum definitions for the terms “proven reserves”, “probable reserves”, “measured resources” and “indicated resources”. U.S. investors are cautioned that while these terms are recognized and required by Canadian regulations, including National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects (“NI 43-101”), the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) does not recognize them. Canadian mining disclosure standards differ from the requirements of the SEC under SEC Industry Guide 7, and reserve and resource information referenced in this Form 10-Q may not be comparable to similar information disclosed by companies reporting under U.S. standards. In particular, and without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the term “resource” does not equate to the term “reserve”. Under United States standards, mineralization may not be classified as a “reserve” unless the determination has been made that the mineralization could be economically and legally produced or extracted at the time the reserve determination is made. The SEC’s disclosure standards normally do not permit the inclusion of information concerning “measured mineral resources” or “indicated mineral resources” or other descriptions of the amount of mineralization in mineral deposits that do not constitute “reserves” by U.S. standards in documents filed with the SEC. Disclosure of “contained ounces” in a resource estimate is permitted disclosure under Canadian regulations; however, the SEC normally only permits issuers to report mineralization that does not constitute “reserves” by SEC standards as tonnage and grade without reference to unit measures. The requirements of NI 43-101 for identification of “reserves” are also not the same as those of the SEC, and reserves in compliance with NI 43-101 may not qualify as “reserves” under SEC standards.
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
Certain statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute forward-looking statements about the Company and its business. Forward looking statements are statements that are not historical facts and include, but are not limited to, reserve and resource estimates, estimated value of the project, projected investment returns, anticipated mining and processing methods for the project, the estimated economics of the project, anticipated scandium recoveries, production rates, scandium grades, estimated capital costs, operating cash costs and total production costs, planned additional processing work and environmental permitting. The forward-looking statements in this report are subject to various risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the Company's actual results or achievements to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by forward looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and other factors include, without limitation, risks related to uncertainty in the demand for scandium and pricing assumptions; uncertainties related to raising sufficient financing to fund the Nyngan Scandium Project in a timely manner and on acceptable terms; changes in planned work resulting from logistical, technical or other factors; the possibility that results of work will not fulfill expectations and realize the perceived potential of the Company's properties; uncertainties involved in the estimation of scandium reserves and resources; the possibility that required permits may not be obtained in a timely manner or at all; the possibility that capital and operating costs may be higher than currently estimated and may preclude commercial development or render operations uneconomic; the possibility that the estimated recovery rates may not be achieved; risk of accidents, equipment breakdowns and labor disputes or other unanticipated difficulties or interruptions; the possibility of cost overruns or unanticipated expenses in the work program; risks related to projected project economics, recovery rates, and estimated NPV and anticipated IRR and other factors identified in the Company's SEC filings and its filings with Canadian securities regulatory authorities. Forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs, opinions and expectations of the Company's management at the time they are made, and other than as required by applicable securities laws, the Company does not assume any obligation to update its forward-looking statements if those beliefs, opinions or expectations, or other circumstances, change.
 
 
12
 
 
Scandium International Corporate Overview
 
Scandium International is a specialty metals and alloys company focused on developing the production and sales of scandium and other specialty metals. The Company intends to utilize its knowhow and, in certain instances, patented technologies to maximize opportunities in scandium and other specialty metals.
 
The Company was formed in 2006, under the name Golden Predator Mines Inc. As part of a reorganization and spin-out of the Company’s precious metals portfolio in March 2009, the Company changed its name to EMC Metals Corp. In order to reflect our emphasis on mining for scandium minerals, effective November 19, 2014, we changed our name to Scandium International Mining Corp. The Company currently trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol “SCY”.
 
Our focus of operations is the exploration and development of the Nyngan scandium deposit located in New South Wales (“NSW”,) Australia (“Nyngan” or the “Nyngan Scandium Project.”) We also hold exploration stage properties in Australia, known as the “Honeybugle Scandium Property”, and in Finland, known as the “Kiviniemi Scandium Property.”
 
We acquired a 100% interest in the Nyngan Scandium Project in June of 2014 pursuant to the terms of a settlement agreement with Jervois Mining Ltd. of Melbourne, Australia. The project is held through our Australian subsidiary, EMC Metals Australia Pty Ltd. (“EMC Australia” or “EMC-A,”) which also holds the Honeybugle Scandium Property.
 
Pursuant to a share exchange agreement dated June 14, 2017 between the Company and Scandium Investments LLC (“SIL”), the Company purchased SIL’s 20% interest in EMC Australia in exchange for 57,371,565 common shares of SCY and an additional 1,459,080 common shares as a royalty adjustment payment. Closing of the purchase of the EMC Australia shares was subject to shareholder approval, which the Company obtained at a special meeting of shareholders held on September 11, 2017. The transaction subsequently closed on October 9, 2017, with SCY holding a 100% ownership interest in EMC Australia. Under the terms of the share exchange agreement, SIL was granted the right to nominate two individuals to the board of the Company for so long as SIL held at least 15% of SCY’s issued and outstanding shares, and one director for so long as SIL held at least 5% but less than 15% of SCY’s issued and outstanding shares. Pursuant to the nomination rights, Peter Evensen and R. Christian Evensen were appointed as directors to the SCY Board on closing of the transaction.
 
During the first quarter of 2020, we focused on Nyngan Scandium Project activities including scandium marketing arrangements.
 
Principal Properties Review
 
Nyngan Scandium Project (NSW, Australia)
 
Nyngan Property Description and Location
 
The Nyngan Scandium Project site is located approximately 450 kilometers northwest of Sydney, NSW, Australia and approximately 20 kilometers due west of the town of Nyngan, a rural town of approximately 2,900 people. The general area can be characterized as flat countryside and is classified as agricultural land, used predominantly for wheat farming and livestock grazing.
 
Figure 1: Location of Nyngan Project
 
 
Note: None of the Existing Mines identified in Figure 1 produce scandium.
 
 
13
 
 
Figure 2: Location of the Exploration Licenses and Mining Lease for the Nyngan Scandium Project
 
 
 
 
Note: All Exploration Licenses and Leases described in Figure 2 are held 100% by EMC-A.
 
 
Nyngan Feasibility Study
 
On April 18, 2016, the Company announced the results of an independently prepared feasibility study on the Nyngan Scandium Project. The technical report on the feasibility study entitled “Feasibility Study – Nyngan Scandium Project, Bogan Shire, NSW, Australia” is dated May 4, 2016 and was independently compiled pursuant to the requirements of NI 43-101 (the “Feasibility Study”). The report was filed on May 6, 2016 and is available on SEDAR (www.sedar.com), on the Company’s website (www.scandiummining.com) and the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov). A full discussion on the technical report was provided in the Company’s Form 10Q for the quarterly period ending March 31, 2016, as filed with the SEC and on SEDAR on May 13, 2016.
 
The Feasibility Study concluded that the Nyngan Scandium Project has the potential to produce an average of 37,690 kilograms of scandium oxide (scandia) per year, at grades of 98.0%-99.8%, generating an after tax cumulative cash flow over a 20 year Project life of US$629 million, with an NPV10% of US$177 million. The average process plant feed grade over the 20 year Project life is 409ppm of scandium.
 
The financial results of the Feasibility Study are based on a conventional flow sheet, employing continuous high pressure acid leach (HPAL) and solvent extraction (SX) techniques. The flow sheet was modeled and validated from METSIM modeling and considerable bench scale/pilot scale metallurgical test work utilising Nyngan resource material. A number of the key elements of this flowsheet work have been protected by the Company under US patent applications.
 
The Feasibility Study has been developed and compiled to an accuracy level of +15%/-5%, by a globally recognized engineering firm that has considerable expertise in laterite deposits and process facilities, as well as in smaller mining and processing projects, and has excellent familiarity with the Nyngan Scandium Project location and environment.
 
 
14
 
 
Nyngan Scandium Project Highlights
 
Capital cost estimate for the Project is US$87.1 million,
Annual scandium oxide product volume averages 37,690 kg per year, over 20 years,
Annual revenue of US$75.4 million (oxide price assumption of US$2,000/kg),
Operating cost estimate for the Project is US$557/kg scandium oxide,
Project Constant Dollar NPV10% is US$177 million, (NPV8% is US$225 million),
Project Constant Dollar IRR is 33.1%,
Oxide product grades of 98-99.8%, as based on customer requirements,
Project resource increases by 40% to 16.9 million tonnes, grading 235ppm Sc, at a 100ppm cut-off in the measured and indicated categories, and
Project Reserve totalling 1.43 million tonnes, grading 409ppm Sc was established on part of the resource.
 
DFS Conclusions and Recommendations
 
The production assumptions in the Feasibility Study are backed by solid independent flow sheet test work on the planned process for scandium recovery and consolidates a significant amount of metallurgical test work and prior study on the Nyngan Scandium Project. The entire body of work demonstrates a viable, conventional process flow sheet utilizing a continuous-system HPAL leaching process, and good metallurgical recoveries of scandium from the resource. The metallurgical assumptions are supported by various bench and pilot scale independent test work programs that are consistent with known outcomes in other laterite resources. The continuous autoclave configuration, as opposed to batch systems explored in previous flow sheets, is also a more conventional and current design choice.
 
The level of accuracy established in the Feasibility Study substantially reduces the uncertainty levels inherent in earlier studies. The greater confidence intervals around the Feasibility Study were achieved by reliance on significant project engineering work, a capital and operating cost estimate supported by detailed requirements and vendor pricing, plus one conditional offtake agreement and an independent marketing assessment, both supportive of the marketing assumptions on the business.
 
The Feasibility Study delivered a positive result on the Nyngan Scandium Project, and recommended the Nyngan Scandium Project owners seek finance and proceed to construction. Recommendations were made therein for additional immediate work, notably to win additional offtake agreements with customers, complete some optimizing flow sheet studies, and to initiate as early as possible detailed engineering required on certain long-lead capital items. The Company intends to act on these recommendations as financing permits.
 
Confirmatory Metallurgical Test Results
 
On June 29, 2016, we announced the results of a confirmatory metallurgical test work report from Altrius Engineering Services (AES) of Brisbane, Australia. The test work results directly relate to the list of recommended programs included in the Feasibility Study. AES devised and supervised these test work programs at the SGS laboratory in Perth, Australia and at the Nagrom laboratory in Brisbane, Australia.
 
The project DFS recommended a number of process flowsheet test work programs be investigated prior to commencing detailed engineering and construction. Those study areas included pressure leach (“HPAL”), counter-current decant circuits, solvent extraction (“SX”), and oxalate precipitation, with specific work steps suggested in each area. This latest test work program addressed all of these recommended areas, and the results confirm recoveries and efficiencies that either meet or exceed the parameters used in the DFS. Highlights of the testing are:
 
Pressure leach test work achieved 88% recoveries, from larger volume tests,
Settling characteristics of leach discharge slurry show substantial improvement,
Residue neutralization work meets or exceeds all environmental requirements as presented in the DFS and the environmental impact statement,
Solvent extraction circuit optimization tests generated improved performance, exceeding 99% recovery in single pass systems, and
Product finish circuits produced 99.8% scandium oxide, completing the recovery process from Nyngan ore to finished scandia product.
 
 
15
 
 
Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management Contract
 
On May 30, 2017, the Company announced that its subsidiary EMC Australia signed an Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management ("EPCM") contract with Lycopodium Minerals Pty Ltd ("Lycopodium"), to build the Nyngan Scandium Project in New South Wales, Australia. The EPCM contract also provides for start-up and commissioning services.
 
The EPCM contract appoints Lycopodium (Brisbane, QLD, Australia) to manage all aspects of project construction. Lycopodium is the principal engineering firm involved with the DFS. Lycopodium's continued involvement in project construction and commissioning ensures valuable technical and management continuity for the project during the construction and start-up of the project.
 
On October 19, 2017, we announced that Lycopodium has been instructed to initiate critical path engineering for the Nyngan Scandium Project. Lycopodium commenced work on select critical path components for the project, including design and specification engineering on the high-pressure autoclave unit, associated flash and splash vessels and several specialized high-pressure input pumps. The engineering work was completed in 2018 and will enable final supplier selection, firm component pricing and delivery dates for these key process components.
 
Environmental Permitting/Development Consent/Mining Lease
 
On May 2, 2016, the Company announced the filing of an Environmental Impact Statement (“EIS”) with the New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment (the “Department”) in support of the planned development of the Nyngan Scandium Project. The EIS was prepared by R.W. Corkery & Co. Pty. Limited, on behalf of the Company’s subsidiary, EMC Australia, to support an application for Development Consent for the Nyngan Scandium Project. The EIS is a complete document, including a Specialist Consultants Study Compendium, and was submitted to the Department on April 29, 2016.
 
EIS Highlights:
 
The EIS finds residual environmental impacts represent negligible risk.
The proposed development design achieves sustainable environmental outcomes.
The EIS finds net-positive social and economic outcomes for the community.
Nine independent environmental consulting groups conducted analysis over five years, and contributed report findings to the EIS.
The Nyngan Project development is estimated to contribute A$12.4M to the local and regional economies, and A$39M to the State and Federal economies, annually.
The EIS is fully aligned with the DFS and with a NSW Mining License Application for the Nyngan Project.
 
Conclusion statement in the EIS:
 
“In light of the conclusions included throughout this Environmental Impact Statement, it is assessed that the Proposal could be constructed and operated in a manner that would satisfy all relevant statutory goals and criteria, environmental objectives and reasonable community expectations.”
 
Development Consent:
 
The EIS is the foundation document submitted by a developer intending to build a mine facility in Australia. The Nyngan Scandium Project is considered a State Significant Project, in that capital cost exceeds A$30 million, which means State agencies are designated to manage the investigation and approval process for granting a Development Consent, from the Minister of Planning and Environment. This Department will manage the review of the Proposal through a number of State and local governmental agencies.
 
The EIS is a self-contained set of documents used to seek a Development Consent. It is however, supported in many ways by the feasibility study.
 
On November 10, 2016, the Company announced that the Development Consent had been granted. This Development Consent represents an approval to develop the Nyngan Scandium Project and is based on the EIS. The Development Consent follows an in-depth review of the EIS, the project plan, community impact studies, public EIS exhibition and commentary, and economic viability, and involved more than 12 specialized governmental agencies and groups.
 
Mining Lease:
 
During July 2019, EMC Australia received notice of approval for its Mining Lease application. The Mining Lease (“ML 1792”) overlays select areas previously covered by Exploration Licenses. The ML represents the final major development approval required from the NSW Government to begin construction on the project. The ML 1792 grant is issued for a period of 21 years and is based on the development plans and intent submitted in the ML Application. The ML can be modified by NSW regulatory agencies, as requested by EMC Australia over time, to reflect changing operating conditions.
 
 
16
 
 
In addition to these two key governmental approvals, other required licenses and permits must be acquired but are considered routine and require only compliance with fixed standards and objective measurements. These remaining approvals include submittal of numerous plans and reports supporting compliance with Development Consent and Mining Lease. In addition, the following water, roads, dam and electrical access reviews and arrangements must be finalized:
 
Water Supply Works and Use Approval and Water Access License,
State and local approval for construction of the intersection of the Site Access Road and Gilgai Road,
An approval from the NSW Dams Safety Committee for the design and construction of the Residue Storage Facility, and
A high voltage connection agreement with Essential Energy.
 
The ML 1792 grant covers 810 acres (370 hectares) of surface area fully owned by the Company, an area adequate to construct and operate a scandium mine of a scale outlined in the definitive feasibility study. The Company had originally filed a mining lease application (MLA 531) covering an area of 874 hectares, providing for significant project expansion capacity. However, due to an objection filed in 2016 by a landowner who holds freehold surface ownership over a portion of the 874 hectare area, the original MLA 531 remains in review by the New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment. The landowner objection claims the property is “Agricultural Land”, with meaning as defined in the relevant law.
 
On April 20, 2020 the Company announced that it received a favorable ‘Notice of Proposed Decision’ (the ‘Notice’) from the Deputy Secretary, Mining, Exploration and Geoscience (Government of New South Wales, Australia), related to the landowner objection.
 
This Notice references new governmental findings regarding determination of the longstanding 2016 Agricultural Land Objection, and indicates that the Deputy Secretary now believes the objection has failed to meet key legal tests on major portions of the affected area. The Deputy Secretary engaged staff from the Department of Primary Industry, with relevant agricultural knowledge, to review the external consultant work on the objection. These government agricultural experts opined that most of the land covered under the objection was in fact not ‘Agricultural Land’ as defined by Law and recommended only a small portion of specific areas under question be excluded from a future Mine Lease.
 
The Notice also makes clear the advice is to be understood as a proposed decision, rather than a final decision. The affected parties have 21 days to file further information or arguments, at which time the Deputy Secretary will consider those submissions and render a final decision on the matter. The Company expects to have only limited input to insert into the 21 day comment period, and looks forward to a final and binding determination by the Secretary or his designate in June of 2020. We have every expectation the determination will be delivered on the basis of the proposed decision, as supported by a thorough opinion document shared with the Company by the decision makers.
 
However, if the Department Secretary’s decision upholds the landowner objection, the Company believes that outcome will not delay or prevent the development of the Nyngan Scandium Project, as is generally characterized in the 2016 feasibility study.
 
As of the date of this Form 10-Q, the Department Secretary has not made a decision on the validity of the landowner objection.
 
Downstream Scandium Products
 
In February 2011 we announced results of a series of laboratory-scale tests investigating the production of aluminum-scandium master alloys directly from aluminum oxide and scandium oxide feed materials. The overall objective of this research was to demonstrate and commercialize the production of aluminum-scandium master alloy using impure scandium oxide as the scandium source, potentially significantly improving the economics of aluminum-scandium master alloy production. In October 2019 the Company was granted Patent No. 10450634, titled “Scandium-Containing Master Alloys And Method For Making The Same”.
 
During the 2015-2017 timeframe, we continued our own internal laboratory-scale investigations into the production of aluminum-scandium master alloys, furthering our understanding of commercial processes, and achievable recoveries. We advanced our abilities to make a standard-grade 2% scandium master alloy product typical of commercially available products offered today.
 
On March 2, 2017, we announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding ("MOU") with Weston Aluminium Pty Ltd. ("Weston") of Chatswood, NSW, Australia. The MOU defines a cooperative commercial alliance to jointly develop the capability to manufacture aluminum-scandium master alloy. The intended outcome of this alliance will be to develop the capability to offer Nyngan Scandium Project aluminum alloy customers scandium in form of Al-Sc master alloy, should customers prefer that product form.
 
The MOU outlines steps to jointly establish the manufacturing parameters, metallurgical processes, and capital requirements to convert Nyngan Scandium Project scandium product into Master Alloy, on Weston's existing production site in NSW. The MOU does not include a binding contract with commercial terms at this stage, although the intent is to pursue the necessary technical elements to arrive at a commercial contract for conversion of scandium oxide to master alloy, and to do so prior to first mine production from the Nyngan Scandium Project.
 
On March 5, 2018, the Company announced that it had initiated a small scale pilot program (4kg scale) at the Alcereco Inc. metallurgical research facilities in Kingston, Ontario, to confirm and refine previous lab-scale work on the manufacture of aluminum-scandium 2% master alloy (MA). The program advanced the process understanding for commercial scale upgrade of Nyngan scandium oxide product to master alloy product.
 
 
17
 
 
The 2018 pilot program consisted of 5 separate trials on two MA product types, production of MA in various forms, and dross analysis to ascertain scandium recoveries to product. The mass of master alloy and product variants produced in the program totaled approximately 20kg and was completed in December of 2018. The results of the program included the successful production of 2% grade MA, with recoveries of scandium to product of 85%.
 
A second phase of the small-scale pilot program was initiated in the first half of 2019, again at 4kg scale, building on the work done in phase I. The results of this second program included successful production of 2% grade MA, with improvements in form of rapid kinetics, and recoveries of scandium to product of +90%.
 
On March 5, 2018, the Company also announced that it filed for patent protection on certain process refinements for master alloy manufacture that it believes are novel methods, and also on certain product variants that it believes represent novel forms of introducing scandium more directly into aluminum alloys.
 
Focus on Aluminum Alloy Applications for Scandium Products
 
The Company is in the process of obtaining sales agreements for scandium products produced from our Nyngan Scandium Project. Our focus is on the use of scandium as an alloying ingredient in aluminum-based products. The specific scandium product forms we intend to sell from the Nyngan project include both scandium oxide (Sc2O3) and aluminum-scandium master alloys (Al-Sc 2%).
 
Scandium as an alloying agent in aluminum allows for aluminum metal products that are much stronger, more easily weldable and exhibit improved performance at higher temperatures than current aluminum-based materials. This means lighter structures, lower manufacturing costs and improved performance in areas that aluminum alloys do not currently compete.
 
Aluminum Alloy Research Partner – Alcereco
 
In 2015, the Company entered into a memorandum of understanding (“MOU”) with Alcereco Inc. of Kingston, Ontario (“Alcereco”), forming a strategic alliance to develop markets and applications for aluminum alloys containing scandium. To further that alliance, and to reinforce the capability of both companies to deliver product developed for scandium aluminum alloy markets, Scandium International and Alcereco also signed an offtake agreement governing sales terms of scandium oxide product produced from the Nyngan Scandium Project. The offtake agreement specifies prices, delivery volumes and timeframes for commencement of delivery of scandium oxide product. The offtake agreement does not provide for a mandatory annual minimum purchase volume of scandium oxide by Alcereco, and there is no requirement for payment in lieu of purchase.
 
The MOU represented keen mutual interest in foundry-based test work on aluminum alloys containing scandium, based on understandings that Alcereco’s team had gained from prior work with Alcan Aluminum, and based on SCY’s twin goals of understanding and identifying quality applications for scandium, and also understanding the scandium value proposition for customers.
 
During December 2017, the Company revised and renewed the scandium product offtake agreement with Alcereco. The revised agreement extends the deadline for initial production and shipments from the Nyngan Scandium Project from December 1, 2017, to as late as December 1, 2020. The defined sale product was changed to an aluminum scandium 2% master alloy from scandium oxide in the prior agreement. The revised sales agreement covers approximately the same scandium oxide volume as the prior agreement, representing 55% of Nyngan’s initial twelve month forecast production, and approximately 20% of nameplate capacity, as established by the Definitive Feasibility Study. The revised offtake agreement does not provide for a mandatory annual minimum purchase volume of scandium oxide by Alcereco, and there is no requirement for payment in lieu of purchase.
 
The Company has sponsored research work as contemplated by the MOU with Alcereco and with multiple other unrelated entities in separate locations. This work develops and documents the improvement in strength characteristics scandium can deliver to aluminum alloys without degrading other key properties. The team has run multiple alloy mix programs where scandium loading is varied, in order to look at response to scandium additions on a cost/benefit basis. This work has been done in the context of industries and applications where these particular alloys are popular today.
 
These programs are focused on 1000 series, 3000 Series, 5000 Series and 7000 Series Al-Sc alloys, and have served to make independent data and volume samples available for sales efforts.
 
The results of our research work are positive, and consistent with the body of published literature available today on aluminum scandium alloys. We are observing noteworthy strengthening effects with scandium additions above 0.1%, and dramatic strengthening improvements with additions of 0.35%, while preserving or enhancing other alloy properties and characteristics. We have also demonstrated that altering the combinations of scandium loads and alloy hardening process techniques has significant effect on the final alloy properties, offering the opportunity to tune alloy characteristics to suit specific applications. These findings are considered commercially sensitive, and the data is not intended for public disclosure at this time, although the findings and data are being shared with select potential customers under specific non-disclosure agreement protections, as is deemed relevant to their specific areas of commercial interest.
 
 
18
 
 
Letters of Intent
 
During 2018 and 2019, the Company announced that it entered into letter of intent (“LOI”) agreements with nine unrelated partnering entities. In each LOI, we have agreed to contribute scandium samples, either in form of scandium master alloy product, or aluminum-scandium alloy product, for trial testing by the partners in their downstream manufacturing applications. Each of the parties to the LOI agreements have agreed to report the parameters and general results of the testing program utilizing these scandium-containing alloys, upon completion of testing. The Company plans to continue this LOI program of introducing scandium for trial testing by partners through agreements with more potential customers in 2020.
 
These formal LOI agreements, with distinct industry segment leaders, represent a key marketing program demonstrating precisely how scandium will perform in specific products, and in production-specific environments. Potential scandium customers insist on these sample testing opportunities, directly in their research facilities or on their shop floor, to ensure their full understanding of the impacts, benefits, and costing implications of introducing scandium into their traditional aluminum feedstocks.
 
The partnering entities in these LOI agreements are set out below:
 
Austal Ltd. (“Austal”), headquartered in Henderson, Western Australia, (Australia). Austal is a public corporation, listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASB.ASX), with shipbuilding facilities in Perth, Australia, Mobile, Alabama (USA), Vung Tau, Vietnam and Balamban, Cebu (Philippines). The company maintains a focus on research and development of emerging maritime technologies and cutting-edge ship designs, and is a recognized world leader in the design and construction of large aluminum commercial and defense vessels.
 
Impression Technologies Ltd. (“ITL”), based in Coventry, UK. ITL is a privately held technology company, developing and licensing its advanced aluminum forming technology, Hot Form Quench (“HFQ®”), to automotive, aerospace, rail and electronics industries, globally. ITL manufactures custom parts for customers with its patented HFQ® technology, which enables the single-pass forming of complex, lightweight, high-strength aluminum parts that cannot otherwise be similarly formed today.
 
PAB Coventry Ltd. (“PAB”), based in Coventry, UK. PAB is a privately held manufacturing and prototyping company offering specialty metal parts and design capabilities, serving the automotive, aerospace, defense and HVAC industries. PAB has been a well-known parts and forms supplier to the premium market segment of the British automotive industry for decades.
 
Eck Industries Inc. (“Eck”), based in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, USA. Eck is a privately held manufacturer of precision sand cast parts, and engineering services. Eck Industries operates a 210,000 sq. ft. facility with over 250 employees, and 110 customers. Customer segments include commercial aircraft parts, automotive and trucking cast parts, military drivetrain casings, marine propulsion system castings, and military aerospace components.
 
Grainger & Worrall Ltd. (“GW”), based in Shropshire, UK. GW is a privately held manufacturer of precision sand cast parts, and engineering services. GW is a well-recognized precision air-set sand cast parts manufacturer in the UK, specializing in low to intermediate volume cast parts for commercial automotive, motorsports/racing, defense, marine, and aerospace applications.
 
Gränges AB (“Gränges”), based in Stockholm, Sweden. Gränges is a public company, traded on the NASDAQ Stockholm Stock Exchange (GRNG:OMX), and a large global player in the rolled aluminum products business, with production assets in Europe, USA, and China, and a worldwide customer base, majority concentrated in the USA. Gränges is focused on advanced aluminum materials, and holds a leading global position in rolled products for brazed heat exchangers, which it estimates at 20%.
 
Ohm & Häner Metallwerk GmbH & Co. GK (“O&H”), based in Olpe, Germany. O&H is a privately held manufacturer of sand cast and gravity die cast parts, using metal alloys, servicing a significant, global customer base. O&H produces over 3,000 individual cast parts, and currently works with over 40 different alloys, primarily aluminum and copper-based alloys.
 
AML Technologies (“AML”), an Adelaide, Australia based start-up company with proprietary technology for applying aluminum alloys to additive layer manufacturing processes, also commonly referred to as 3D printing.
 
Bronze-Alu Group (“BAL”), based in La Couture-Boussey, northern France. BAL is a privately held manufacturer of precision high-pressure die cast parts, and offers prototyping, machining, finishing and engineering services, employing both aluminum and copper-based alloys.  BAL exports approximately 80% of its products to customers outside of France.
 
These LOI agreements are part of a developing strategy by the Company to engage with innovative, research-capable partners, willing to test scandium in their applications. The Company also has similar agreements with other research capable partners who do not wish to be publicly named at this time. We are selecting and approaching these specific partners because we have an understanding, from our commissioned alloy mixing programs, that scandium additions can make value-added contributions to their specific products, and we have the alloy samples to enable an expedient uptake on that validation. The scandium market for aluminum alloys needs to be built, and that construction should be seen as underway in the most direct sense. The Company plans to conduct further application-specific programs in pursuit of sales contracts with quality, predominantly existing aluminum alloy customers across numerous industry segments.
 
 
19
 
 
Nyngan Scandium Project - Planned Activities for 2020-2021
 
The following steps are planned for Nyngan during the 2020 and 2021 calendar years:
 
Complete master alloy pilot trials and optimization work in Q1 2020 (Done),
Pursue additional offtake agreements in support of planned future scandium sales,
With offtakes, seek construction financing for project, earliest 2021,
Commence site construction in late 2021, with anticipated completion over 14 months, and
Initiate project commissioning earliest late 2022, with product available for sale by year end 2022.
 
Other Properties Review
 
Honeybugle Scandium Property (NSW, Australia)
 
On April 2, 2014, the Company announced that it had secured a 100% interest in an exploration license (EL 7977) covering 34.7 square kilometers in New South Wales, Australia. The license area we call the ‘Honeybugle Scandium Property’ is located approximately 24 kilometers west-southwest from the Company’s Nyngan Scandium Project and approximately 36 kilometers southwest from the town of Nyngan, NSW.
 
Exploration rights for the Honeybugle Scandium Property include certain minimum expenditure requirements. The Company intends to fulfill those minimum expenditure requirements.
 
Honeybugle Drill Results
 
On May 7, 2014, the Company announced completion of an initial program of 30 air core (“AC”) drill holes on the property, specifically at the Seaford anomaly, targeting scandium (Sc). Results on 13 of these holes are shown in detail, in the table below. These holes suggest the potential for scandium mineralization on the property similar to Nyngan.
 
Highlights of initial drilling program results include the following:
 
The highest 3-meter intercept graded 572 ppm scandium (hole EHAC 11),
EHAC 11 also generated two additional high grade scandium intercepts, grading 510 ppm and 415 ppm, each over 3 meters,
The program identified a 13-hole cluster which was of particular interest; intercepts on these 13 holes averaged 270 ppm scandium over a total 273 meters, at an average continuous thickness of 21 meters per hole, representing a total of 57% (354 meters) of total initial program drilling,
The 13 holes produced 29 individual (3-meter) intercepts over 300 ppm, representing 31% of the mineralized intercepts in the 273 meters of interest, and
This initial 30-hole AC exploratory drill program generated a total of 620 meters of scandium drill/assay results, over approximately 1 square kilometer on the property.
 
Kiviniemi Scandium Property (Eastern Finland Province, Finland)
 
On September 25, 2017, the Company announced that its wholly-owned subsidiary company, Scandium International Mining Corp., Norway AS, was granted a reservation on an Exploration License for the Kiviniemi Scandium property in central Finland from the Finnish regulatory body governing mineral exploration and mining in Finland. The exploration license was subsequently granted during August 2018.
 
The Geological Survey of Finland (“GTK”) conducted airborne survey work on the area in 1986, conducted exploration drilling on the property in 2008-2010, and published those program results on their public GTK website in 2016. The Company’s Exploration License area is approximately 24.6 hectares (0.25 square kilometer), identical to the historic GTK exploration license on the property.
 
Highlights
 
Kiviniemi property previously identified for scandium and explored by GTK,
Property is a high iron content, medium grade scandium target, located on surface, with on-site upgrade potential,
Early resource upgrade work done for GTK promising, confirmed by SCY,
Property is all-weather accessible, close to infrastructure, and
Finland location is mining-friendly and ideally suited to EU customer markets.
 
 
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Kiviniemi Summary
 
The Kiviniemi property represents a medium grade scandium resource target that has remained unrecognized and overlooked by exploration work, largely due to the absence of the more commonly sought-after minerals in the region, specifically copper, nickel and cobalt. We believe that Kiviniemi is Europe’s largest underdeveloped primary scandium resource.
 
The target has benefited significantly from valuable early exploration work by the GTK, which has advanced the property to a stage where successful metallurgical investigations may prove value that offsets grade concerns. SCY estimates roughly US$2M of work value has been directed at this property to date, including field work, drilling programs, assay work, overheads, and metallurgical upgrade studies, but firm numbers are not available.
 
We intend to undertake a limited drill program to augment the existing GTK data and provide more sample material for metallurgical test work programs to define economic site upgrade possibilities on the scandium mineralization observed to date.
 
Other Developments – First Quarter 2020
 
Master Alloy Capability Demonstrated: On February 24, 2020 the Company announced the completion of a three year, three stage program to demonstrate the capability to manufacture aluminum-scandium master alloy (Al-Sc2%), from scandium oxide, using a patent pending melt process involving aluminothermic reactions.
 
This master alloy capability will allow the Company to offer scandium product from the Nyngan Scandium Project in a form that is used directly by aluminum alloy manufacturers globally, either major integrated manufacturers or smaller wrought or casting alloy consumers.
 
Research Highlights:
 
Program achieved full 2% target product quality requirement,
Sc recoveries from oxide exceeded target, demonstrated in final tests,
The microstructure and metal quality meet major alloy producers’ specifications,
Rapid kinetics achieved, important for commercial viability,
Individual testing batches done at 4kg scale, and
Successful program testing forms a basis for a larger scale demonstration facility, supporting large scale samples required for industrial aluminum alloy trials.
 
Cerium-Scandium Aluminum Alloy Program Agreement: On February 27, 2020 the Company announced signing a Program Agreement with Eck Industries (“ECK”) located in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, to pursue novel alloy development of a combined cerium-scandium aluminum alloy, based on previous work done independently by the companies in this area.
 
The companies intend to pursue alloy refinements in both wrought and cast alloy applications, specifically targeting property improvements related to strength, corrosion resistance, and heat-working tolerance, principally in A5000 series alloys.
 
Program Highlights:
 
Joint economic and technical support to alloy design,
Joint sharing of previous data, and new data produced from this program,
Samples production for customer trials, either as cast products, or wrought sample shapes for various potential customers and alloy manufacturers,
Initial high value application expected to be in marine applications, and
Program work is protected by existing patent applications filed by ECK,
 
Operating results - Revenues and Expenses, for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 
The Company’s results reflect higher operating costs due to an increase in stock-based compensation (a non-cash expense). Excluding non-cash costs, expenditures were down $66,758 due to lower consulting fees, travel expenditures, and general and administrative expenses. These lower costs were partially offset by higher exploration fees. Also, in the current quarter the Company received funds from the sale of a royalty interest.
 
 
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Summary of quarterly results
 
A summary of the Company’s quarterly results are shown below at Table 10.
 
Table 10. Quarterly Results Summary (US$)
 
 
  2020      
       2019      
       2018      
 
  Q1 
  Q4 
  Q3 
  Q2 
  Q1 
  Q4 
  Q3 
  Q2 
Net Sales
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Net Income (Loss) attributable to Scandium Mining Corp.
  (146,014)
  (311,807)
  (443,426)
  (859,934)
  (332,766)
  (543,316)
  (461,781)
  (626,398)
Basic and diluted
Net Income (Loss) per share attributable to Scandium Mining Corp.
 
  (0.00)
  (0.00)
  (0.01)
  (0.00)
  (0.00)
  (0.00)
  (0.00)
 
Results of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020
 
The net loss for the quarter was $146,014, a decrease of $186,752 from $332,766 in the same quarter of the prior year. Details of the individual items contributing to the decreased net loss are set out below at Table 11:
 
Table 11. Variance Analysis for Net Loss
 
 
Q1 2020 vs. Q1 2019 - Variance Analysis
 
 
Item
 
 
Variance Favourable / (Unfavourable)
 
Explanation
Sale of royalty interest
 $382,430 
In January of 2020 the Company sold a royalty interest for net proceeds of $382,430. This was a non-recurring event.
 
    
 
Consulting
 $65,243 
The Company released several contractors who were no longer required, resulting in this positive variance in the current quarter.
 
    
 
General and administrative
 $32,043 
The decrease in this expense is due to the downturn of activity in Q1 2020 compared to Q1 2019.
 
    
 
Travel and entertainment
 $10,074 
Less travel in Q1 2020 was due to an overall decrease in Company activities when compared to Q1 2019.
 
    
 
Professional fees
 $1,659 
Lower 2020 activity levels resulted in the favourable variance.
 
    
 
Salaries and benefits
 $539 
This favourable variance is due to foreign exchange impacts to accrued payments due individuals.
 
    
 
Insurance
 $(655)
The slightly higher cost in Q1 2020 is due to overall increases in insurance premiums for the Company’s operations.
 
    
 
Foreign exchange
 $(20,791)
The impact of the weakening Canadian and Australian currencies led to this unfavourable variance in Q1 of 2020 when compared to Q1 2019 when currency fluctuations were moving in opposite directions.
 
    
 
Exploration
 $(42,145)
Q1 of 2019 reflects the receipt of Australian R&D credits. In 2020 no such credits were available due to the negligible amounts expended on the activities that qualify for this credit.
 
    
 
 Stock-based compensation
 $(241,644)
In Q1 2020 the Company issued 8,425,000 stock options all of which were vested and expensed immediately. In Q1 2019 there were no stock options issued resulting in this unfavourable variance.
 
 
 
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Cash flow discussion for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 compared to March 31, 2019
 
The cash inflow for operating activities was $195,062, an increase of $601,660 (March 31, 2019 – ($406,598)), due mainly to the sale of a royalty interest.
 
Cash inflows from financing activities of $Nil reflect the fact that there were no private placements or options exercised in the current quarter when compared to Q1 2019, in which there was private placements of $799,483, and options exercised of $96,680.
 
Financial Position
 
Cash
 
The Company’s cash position increased during the three-month period by $195,061 to $310,629 (December 31, 2019 - $115,568) due to the sale of a royalty interest.
 
Prepaid expenses and receivables
 
Prepaid expenses and accounts receivable decreased by $13,958 to $31,805 due to funds received from cancellation of promotion events and the amortization of prepaid expenditures (December 31, 2019 - $45,763).
 
Property and equipment
 
Property and equipment consist of computer equipment at the Sparks, Nevada office. The decrease of $577 to $6,390 (December 2019 - $6,967) is due to amortization of that computer equipment in the quarter.
 
Mineral interests
 
Mineral interests remained the same at $704,053.
 
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and accounts payable with related parties
 
Accounts payable has increased by $71,780 to $610,004 (December 2019– $538,224) due to the continued deferral of salaries to certain individuals.
 
Capital Stock
 
Capital stock remained the same at $109,241,572 (December 31, 2019 - $109,241,572).
 
Additional paid-in capital increased by $254,760, to $6,190,834 (December 31, 2019 - $5,936,074) as a result of the expensing of stock options.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At March 31, 2020, the Company had a working capital of $(267,570) including cash of $310,629 as compared to a working capital of $(376,893) including cash of $115,568 at December 31, 2019.
 
At March 31, 2020, the Company had a total of 38,375,000 stock options exercisable between CAD$0.065 and CAD$0.60 that have the potential upon exercise to generate a total of C$6,361,875 in cash over the next five years. There is no assurance that these securities will be exercised. The Company’s continued development is contingent upon its ability to raise sufficient financing both in the short and long term. There are no guarantees that additional sources of funding will be available to the Company; however, management is committed to pursuing all possible sources of financing in order to execute its business plan. The Company continues its cost control measures to conserve cash to meet its operational obligations.
 
Outstanding share data
 
At the date of this report, the Company has 312,482,595 issued and outstanding common shares and 34,925,000 stock options currently outstanding at a weighted average exercise price of CAD$0.17.
 
 
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Off-balance sheet arrangements
 
At March 31, 2020, the Company had no material off-balance sheet arrangements such as guarantee contracts, contingent interest in assets transferred to an entity, derivative instruments obligations or any obligations that trigger financing, liquidity, market or credit risk to the Company.
 
Transactions with related parties
 
During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company expensed $196,551 for stock-based compensation for stock options issued to Company directors. During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company expensed $Nil for stock-based compensation for stock options issued to Company directors.
 
During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company paid a consulting fee of $25,500 to one of its directors. During the 3-month period ended March 31, 2019, the Company paid a consulting fee of $25,500 to one of its directors.
 
As at March 31, 2020, the Company owed $343,220 to various directors and officers of the Company (December 31, 2019 - $269,165).
 
Proposed Transactions
 
There are no proposed transactions outstanding other than as disclosed.
 
Critical Accounting Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting policies requires management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates are based on past experience, industry trends and known commitments and events. By their nature, these estimates are subject to measurement uncertainty and the effects on the financial statements of changes in such estimates in future periods could be significant. Actual results will likely differ from those estimates.
 
Stock-based compensation
 
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the fair value of stock options and compensatory warrants granted. This model is subject to various assumptions. The assumptions the Company makes will likely change from time to time. At the time the fair value is determined, the methodology the Company uses is based on historical information, as well as anticipated future events. The assumptions with the greatest impact on fair value are those for estimated stock volatility and for the expected life of the instrument.
 
Future income taxes
 
The Company accounts for tax consequences of the differences in the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases using tax rates expected to apply when these temporary differences are expected to be settled. When the future realization of income tax assets does not meet the test of being more likely than not to occur, a valuation allowance in the amount of the potential future benefit is taken and no future income tax asset is recognized. The Company has taken a valuation allowance against all such potential tax assets.
 
Mineral properties and exploration and development costs
 
The Company capitalizes the costs of acquiring mineral rights at the date of acquisition. After acquisition, various factors can affect the recoverability of the capitalized costs. The Company’s recoverability evaluation of our mineral properties and equipment is based on market conditions for minerals, underlying mineral resources associated with the assets and future costs that may be required for ultimate realization through mining operations or by sale. The Company is in an industry that is exposed to a number of risks and uncertainties, including exploration risk, development risk, commodity price risk, operating risk, ownership and political risk, funding and currency risk, as well as environmental risk. Bearing these risks in mind, the Company has assumed recent world commodity prices will be achievable. The Company has considered the mineral resource reports by independent engineers on the Nyngan Scandium Project in considering the recoverability of the carrying costs of the mineral properties. All of these assumptions are potentially subject to change, out of our control, however such changes are not determinable. Accordingly, there is always the potential for a material adjustment to the value assigned to mineral properties and equipment.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
Accounting Standards Update 2019-12 – Income Taxes (Topic 740) The Financial Accounting Standards Board issued this Update as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial statements.
 
Accounting Standards Update 2019-01 – Leases (Topic 842) Codification Improvements - Issue 3 Transition Disclosures Related to Topic 250, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections. The amendments in this Update clarify the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s original intent by explicitly providing an exception to the paragraph 250-10-50-3 interim disclosure requirements in the Topic 842 transition disclosure requirements. The effective date is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company has evaluated that this guidance will have little or no impact on its financial statements.
 
 
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Accounting Standards Update 2018-13 – Fair Value Measurement (Topic 840) Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this update apply to all entities that are required, under existing GAAP, to make disclosures about recurring or nonrecurring fair value measurements. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company has adopted this policy which has no material effect to the consolidated financial statements.
 
Financial instruments and other risks
 
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash, receivables, accounts payable, accounts payable with related parties, accrued liabilities and promissory notes payable. It is management's opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest, currency or credit risks arising from its financial instruments. The fair values of these financial instruments approximate their carrying values unless otherwise noted. The Company has its cash primarily in three commercial banks: (i) one in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, (ii) one in Mackay, Queensland, Australia, and (iii) one in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
 
Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contain certain forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include but are not limited to those with respect to the prices of metals, the estimation of mineral resources and reserves, the realization of mineral reserve estimates, the timing and amount of estimated future production, costs of production, capital expenditures, costs and timing of the development of new deposits, success of exploration activities, permitting time lines, currency fluctuations, requirements for additional capital, government regulation of mining operations, environmental risks, unanticipated reclamation expenses, title disputes or claims and limitations on insurance coverage and the timing and possible outcome of pending litigation. In certain cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “plans”, “expects” or “does not expect”, “is expected”, “estimates”, “intends”, “anticipates” or “does not anticipate”, or “believes” or variations of such words and phrases, or statements that certain actions, events or results “may”, “could”, “would”, or “will” be taken, occur or be achieved. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Scandium International to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, the actual results of current exploration activities, conclusions or economic evaluations, changes in project parameters as plans continue to be refined, possible variations in grade and or recovery rates, failure of plant, equipment or processes to operate as anticipated, accidents, labor disputes or other risks of the mining industry, delays in obtaining government approvals or financing or incompletion of development or construction activities, risks relating to the integration of acquisitions, to international operations, and to the prices of metals and risks relating to the COVID-19 pandemic. While Scandium International has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events or results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Scandium International expressly disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure controls and procedures
 
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate disclosure controls and procedures. The Company’s management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company has maintained effective disclosure controls and procedures in all material respects, including those necessary to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted with the SEC (i) is recorded, processed, and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decision regarding required disclosure.
 
Changes in Internal Control
 
There have been no changes in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
25
 
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
We are not aware of any material current, pending, or threatened litigation with respect to the Company.
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5. Other Information
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 6. Exhibits
 
Certification of the Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (filed herewith)
 
Certification of the Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (filed herewith)
 
Section 1350 Certification of the Principal Executive Officer (filed herewith)
 
Section 1350 Certification of the Principal Financial Officer (filed herewith)
 
101 
Financial Statements from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2020, formatted in XBRL (filed herewith)
 
 
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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
SCANDIUM INTERNATIONAL MINING CORP.
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
Date: May 7, 2020
By:  
/s/ George Putnam  
 
 
 
George Putnam  
 
 
 
Principal Executive Officer  
 
 
 
   
 
 
By:
/s/ Edward Dickinson    
 
 
 
Edward Dickinson    
 
 
 
Principal Financial Officer
 
 
 
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