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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-33784
SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware20-8084793
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1 E. Sheridan Ave, Suite 500
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
73104
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (405429-5500
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: Not applicable
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.001 par valueSDNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes     No þ
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, as of the close of business on May 2, 2024, was 37,125,450.




References in this report to the “Company,” “SandRidge,” “we,” “our,” and “us” mean SandRidge Energy, Inc., including its consolidated subsidiaries and its proportionately consolidated share of SandRidge Mississippian Trust I (“Royalty Trust”). All monetary values are stated in U.S. dollars.

DISCLOSURES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) of the Company includes “forward-looking statements” as defined by the SEC. These forward-looking statements may include projections and estimates concerning our capital expenditures, liquidity, capital resources and debt profile, the timing and success of specific projects, the potential impact of international negotiations on the supply and demand of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids (“NGL”), outcomes and effects of litigation, claims and disputes, elements of our business strategy, compliance with governmental regulation of the oil, natural gas and NGL industry, including environmental regulations, acquisitions and divestitures and the potential effects on our financial condition and other statements concerning our operations, financial performance and financial condition.

Forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “assume,” “target,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “potential,” “could,” “may,” “foresee,” “plan,” “goal,” “should,” “intend” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments as well as other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected. The Company disclaims any obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements unless required by law, and it cautions readers not to rely on them unduly. While we consider these expectations and assumptions to be reasonable, they are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory and other risks, contingencies and uncertainties relating to, among other matters, the risks and uncertainties discussed in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 (the “2023 Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 7, 2024 and in Item 1A of this Quarterly Report.




SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
Quarter Ended March 31, 2024

INDEX



PART I. Financial Information

ITEM 1. Financial Statements


SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$206,956 $252,407 
Restricted cash - other1,537 1,537 
Accounts receivable, net22,316 22,166 
Prepaid expenses2,384 430 
Other current assets1,105 1,314 
Total current assets234,298 277,854 
Oil and natural gas properties, using full cost method of accounting
Proved1,539,497 1,538,724 
Unproved11,215 11,197 
Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion and impairment(1,396,534)(1,393,801)
154,178 156,120 
Other property, plant and equipment, net85,062 86,493 
Other assets3,250 3,130 
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance50,569 50,569 
Total assets$527,357 $574,166 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$39,276 $38,828 
Asset retirement obligations9,789 9,851 
Other current liabilities778 645 
Total current liabilities49,843 49,324 
Asset retirement obligations55,545 54,553 
Other long-term obligations2,265 2,178 
Total liabilities107,653 106,055 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)
Stockholders’ Equity
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 250,000 shares authorized; 37,118 issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and 37,091 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023
37 37 
Additional paid-in capital1,011,489 1,071,021 
Accumulated deficit(591,822)(602,947)
Total stockholders’ equity419,704 468,111 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$527,357 $574,166 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Revenues
Oil, natural gas and NGL$30,283 $43,147 
Total revenues30,283 43,147 
Expenses
Lease operating expenses10,892 11,694 
Production, ad valorem, and other taxes1,896 3,751 
Depreciation and depletion — oil and natural gas4,076 3,454 
Depreciation and amortization — other1,678 1,618 
General and administrative3,332 2,909 
Restructuring expenses 39 
Employee termination benefits 19 
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts (1,447)
Other operating (income) expense, net(9)(94)
Total expenses21,865 21,943 
Income from operations8,418 21,204 
Other income (expense)
Interest income (expense), net2,698 2,499 
Other income (expense), net9 55 
Total other income (expense)2,707 2,554 
Income (loss) before income taxes11,125 23,758 
Income tax (benefit) expense  
Net income (loss)$11,125 $23,758 
Net income (loss) per share
Basic$0.30 $0.64 
Diluted$0.30 $0.64 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
Basic37,042 36,859 
Diluted37,134 37,110 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In Capital
Accumulated Deficit
Total
Shares
Amount
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Balance at January 1, 2024
37,091 $37 $1,071,021 $(602,947)$468,111 
Issuance of stock awards, net of cancellations27 — — — — 
Tax withholdings paid in exchange for shares withheld on employee vested stock awards— — (103)— (103)
Stock-based compensation— — 536 — 536 
Dividends to shareholders— — (59,965)(59,965)
Net income
— — — 11,125 11,125 
Balance at March 31, 202437,118 $37 $1,011,489 $(591,822)$419,704 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Balance at January 1, 2023
36,868 $37 $1,151,689 $(663,804)$487,922 
Issuance of stock awards, net of cancellations34 — — — — 
Tax withholdings paid in exchange for shares withheld on employee vested stock awards— — (211)— (211)
Stock-based compensation— — 396 — 396 
Net income
— — — 23,758 23,758 
Balance at March 31, 202336,902 $37 $1,151,874 $(640,046)$511,865 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$11,125 $23,758 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization5,754 5,072 
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts (1,447)
Settlement gains (losses) on derivative contracts 5,876 
Stock-based compensation536 396 
Other40 38 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities(1,774)6,154 
Net cash provided by operating activities15,681 39,847 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment(1,124)(9,392)
Purchase of other property and equipment(18)(16)
Proceeds from sale of assets38  
Net cash used in investing activities(1,104)(9,408)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Dividends paid to shareholders(59,718) 
Reduction of financing lease liability(207)(132)
Tax withholdings paid in exchange for shares withheld on employee vested stock awards(103)(211)
Net cash used in financing activities(60,028)(343)
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS and RESTRICTED CASH(45,451)30,096 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS and RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of year253,944 257,468 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS and RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$208,493 $287,564 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized$(33)$(32)
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
Capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment in accounts payables and accrued expenses$605 $8,904 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for financing lease obligations$230 $ 
Inventory material transfers to oil and natural gas properties$19 $75 
Asset retirement obligation capitalized$ $12 
Change in dividends payable$247 $ 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)




1. Basis of Presentation

Nature of Business. SandRidge Energy, Inc. is an oil and natural gas acquisition, development and production company headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and organized in 2006 with a principal focus on developing and producing hydrocarbon resources in the United States.

Principles of Consolidation. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned or majority-owned subsidiaries, including its proportionate share of the Royalty Trust. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Interim Financial Statements. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes contained in the Company’s 2023 Form 10-K. Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, although the Company believes that the disclosures contained herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, the financial statements include all adjustments, which consist of normal recurring adjustments unless otherwise disclosed, necessary to fairly state the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.     

Significant Accounting Policies. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with the accounting policies stated in the Company’s 2023 Form 10-K, as well as the items noted below.

Use of Estimates. The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

The more significant areas requiring the use of assumptions, judgments and estimates include: oil, natural gas, and NGL reserves; impairment tests of long-lived assets; the carrying value of unproved oil and natural gas properties; depreciation, depletion and amortization; asset retirement obligations; determinations of significant alterations to the full cost pool and related estimates of fair value used to allocate the full cost pool net book value to divested properties, as necessary; valuation allowances for deferred tax assets; income taxes; valuation of derivative instruments; contingencies; and accrued revenue and related receivables. Although management believes the estimates used in the areas noted above are reasonable, actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted. The FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures, which require greater disaggregation of income tax disclosures. The amendments in this update change income tax disclosures by requiring (1) consistent categories and greater disaggregation of information in the rate reconciliation and (2) income taxes paid disaggregated by jurisdiction. This update changes said disclosures by requiring disaggregation by jurisdiction of disclosures of pretax income (or loss) and income tax expense (or benefit). This ASU is to be applied on a prospective basis, with retrospective application permitted. The guidance in this update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. We are currently evaluating the potential effect of the adoption of this ASU will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

The FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which requires entities to disclose significant segment expenses and other segment items on an annual and interim basis and provide in interim periods all disclosures about a reportable segment’s profit or loss and assets that are currently required annually. Additionally, it requires entities to disclose the title and position of the Chief Operating Decision Maker. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. A public entity should apply the amendments in this ASU retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. We expect this ASU to only impact our disclosures with no impact to our consolidated financial statements.

8

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
The FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, amended by ASU 2022-06, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Deferral of the Sunset Date of Topic 848. This guidance provides optional practical expedients and exceptions for applying United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("US GAAP") provisions to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR, or other reference rates expected to be discontinued because of reference rate changes, if certain criteria are met. The guidance in this update was effective upon its issuance. If elected, the guidance is to be applied prospectively through December 31, 2024. At this time, we do not expect this ASU to impact our disclosures or consolidated financial statements.

2. Fair Value Measurements

The Company measures and reports certain assets and liabilities on a fair value basis and has classified and disclosed its fair value measurements using the levels of the fair value hierarchy noted below. The carrying values of cash, restricted cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other current liabilities included in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets approximated fair value at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.

Level 1Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.
Level 2Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3Measurement based on prices or valuation models that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and less observable from objective sources (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).

Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, which may affect the valuation of the fair value of assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The determination of the fair values, stated below, considers the market for the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, the associated credit risk and other factors. The Company considers active markets as those in which transactions for the assets and liabilities occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis. The Company had no assets or liabilities classified in Level 2 of the hierarchy as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

Level 2 Fair Value Measurements

Commodity Derivative Contracts. As applicable, the fair values of the Company’s oil, natural gas and NGL fixed price swaps are based upon inputs that are either readily available in the public market, such as oil, natural gas and NGL futures prices, volatility factors and discount rates, or can be corroborated from active markets. Historically, if the Company has a commodity derivative contract in place, the fair value is determined through the use of a discounted cash flow model or option pricing model using the applicable inputs discussed above. The Company applies a weighted average credit default risk rating factor for its counterparties or gives effect to its credit default risk rating, as applicable, in determining the fair value of these derivative contracts. Credit default risk ratings are based on current published credit default swap rates.

3. Derivatives

Commodity Derivatives 

The Company is exposed to commodity price risk, which impacts the predictability of its cash flows from the sale of oil, natural gas and NGL. On occasion, the Company has attempted to manage this risk on a portion of its forecasted oil, natural gas or NGL production sales through the use of commodity derivative contracts. There were no open commodity derivative contracts as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.

Historically, the Company has not designated any of its derivative contracts as hedges for accounting purposes. As applicable, if the Company has open derivative contracts, the Company has recorded such contracts at fair value with changes in derivative contract fair values recognized as a gain or loss on derivative contracts in the condensed consolidated income statements. Commodity derivative contracts were settled on a monthly basis, and the commodity derivative contract valuations were adjusted on a mark-to-market valuation basis quarterly.
9

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

The following table summarizes derivative activity for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts$ $(1,447)
Settlement gains (losses) on derivative contracts$ $5,876 

Master Netting Agreements and the Right of Offset. As applicable, the Company historically has had master netting agreements with all of its commodity derivative counterparties and has presented its derivative assets and liabilities with the same counterparty on a net basis in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. As a result of the netting provisions, the Company's maximum amount of loss under commodity derivative transactions due to credit risk was limited to the net amounts due from its counterparties. There were no open commodity derivatives contracts as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.


Because we did not designate any of our derivative contracts as hedges for accounting purposes, changes in the fair value of our derivative contracts were recognized as gains and losses in the earnings of the relevant period. Changes in fair value were principally measured based on a comparison of future prices to the contract price at the end of the period.

4. Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Oil and natural gas properties
Proved
$1,539,497 $1,538,724 
Unproved
11,215 11,197 
Total oil and natural gas properties
1,550,712 1,549,921 
Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion and impairment(1,396,534)(1,393,801)
Net oil and natural gas properties capitalized costs154,178 156,120 
Land200 200 
Electrical infrastructure121,819 121,819 
Non-oil and natural gas equipment1,673 1,656 
Building and structures3,603 3,603 
Financing leases1,373 1,399 
Total128,668 128,677 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization(43,606)(42,184)
Other property, plant and equipment, net
85,062 86,493 
Total property, plant and equipment, net
$239,240 $242,613 

10

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
5. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses$12,702 $12,854 
Production payable20,857 21,086 
Payroll and benefits4,994 4,146 
Taxes payable723 742 
Total accounts payable and accrued expenses$39,276 $38,828 

6. Commitments and Contingencies

Included below is a discussion of the Company's various future commitments and contingencies as of March 31, 2024. The Company has provided accruals where necessary for contingent liabilities, based on ASC 450, Contingencies, when it has determined that a liability is probable and reasonably estimable. The Company continuously assesses the potential liability related to the Company's pending litigation and revises its estimates when additional information becomes available. Additionally, the Company currently expenses all legal costs as they are incurred. The commitments and contingencies under these arrangements are not recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.


Legal Proceedings. As previously disclosed, on May 16, 2016, the Company and certain of its direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”). The Bankruptcy Court confirmed the joint plan of organization (the “Plan”) of the Debtors on September 9, 2016, and the Debtors subsequently emerged from bankruptcy on October 4, 2016.

Pursuant to the Plan, claims against the Company were discharged without recovery in each of the following consolidated cases (the “Cases”):

• In re SandRidge Energy, Inc. Securities Litigation, Case No. 5:12-cv-01341-LRW, USDC, Western District of Oklahoma (“In re SandRidge Energy, Inc. Securities Litigation”); and

• Ivan Nibur, Lawrence Ross, Jase Luna, Matthew Willenbucher, and the Duane & Virginia Lanier Trust v. SandRidge Mississippian Trust I, et al., Case No. 5:15-cv-00634-SLP, USDC, Western District of Oklahoma (“Lanier Trust”)

Both cases were settled with all defendants except the SandRidge Mississippian Trust I (“the Trust”), which is being sued by a class of purchasers of units under Sections 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Act of 1933 and Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder, based on allegations that the Trust, made misrepresentations or omissions concerning various topics including the performance of wells operated by the Company. The Company is contractually obligated to indemnify the Trust for losses, claims, damages, liabilities and expenses, including reasonable costs of investigation and attorney’s fees and expenses, which it is required to advance. Such indemnification is not covered by insurance. Considering the status of the Lanier Trust matter, and the facts, circumstances and legal theories relating thereto, the Company is not able to determine the likelihood of an outcome or provide an estimate of any reasonably possible loss or range of possible loss related thereto. However, such losses, if incurred, could be material. The Company has not established any liabilities relating to the Lanier Trust matter and believes that the plaintiffs’ claims are without merit.

Separately, the Company had received a demand by two of the settling individual defendants to fund a proposed settlement of $17 million with those defendants. The Company refused and filed an action in Oklahoma state court seeking a declaratory judgment that the defendants were not entitled to indemnification. The insurance carriers funded the settlement of $17 million and filed a counterclaim, which seeks reimbursement of the $17 million settlement, with each carrier to receive their funded portion of the $17 million. The Company disputes any liability, as it believes it has meritorious defenses. Considering the status of this matter, and the facts, circumstances and legal theories thereto, the Company is not able to determine the likelihood of an outcome. The Company has not established any liabilities relating to this matter.

11

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
In addition to the matters described above, the Company is involved in various lawsuits, claims and proceedings, which are being handled and defended by the Company in the ordinary course of business.

7. Income Taxes

For each interim reporting period, the Company estimates the effective tax rate expected for the full fiscal year and uses that estimated rate in providing for income taxes on a current year-to-date basis.

Deferred income taxes are provided to reflect the future tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. In assessing the realizability of the deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of the deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future income in periods in which the deferred tax assets can be utilized. In prior years, we determined that the deferred tax assets did not meet the more likely than not threshold of being utilized and thus recorded a valuation allowance. We have partially released our valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets by $50.6 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. We anticipate being able to utilize these deferred tax assets based on the generation of future income. A change in the estimate of future income could cause the valuation allowance to be adjusted in subsequent periods. The Company had no federal or state income tax expense or benefit for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 382 addresses company ownership changes and specifically limits the utilization of certain deductions and other tax attributes on an annual basis following an ownership change. As a result of the Chapter 11 reorganization and related transactions, the Company experienced an ownership change within the meaning of IRC Section 382 during 2016 that subjected certain of the Company’s tax attributes, including net operating losses ("NOLs"), to an IRC Section 382 limitation. This limitation has not resulted in cash taxes for any period subsequent to the ownership change. Since the 2016 ownership change, the Company has generated additional NOLs and other tax attributes that are not currently subject to an IRC Section 382 limitation. The Company's ability to use NOLs and other tax attributes to reduce taxable income and income taxes could be materially impacted by a future IRC 382 ownership change. Future transactions involving the Company's stock including those outside of the Company's control could cause an IRC 382 ownership change resulting in a limitation on tax attributes currently not limited and a more restrictive limitation on tax attributes currently subject to the previous IRC 382 limitation. The Company adopted the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan, as amended on March 16, 2021 and June 20, 2023, in order to protect the Company’s ability to use its tax NOLs and certain other tax benefits.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had approximately $1.6 billion of federal NOL carryforwards, net of NOLs expected to expire unused due to the 2016 IRC Section 382 limitation. Of the $1.6 billion of federal NOL carryforwards, $0.7 billion expire during the years 2025 through 2037, while the remaining $0.9 billion do not have an expiration date. In addition, the Company had approximately $1.1 billion of state NOL carryforwards, net of NOLs expected to expire unused due to the 2016 IRC Section 382 limitation. Of the $1.1 billion in state NOL carryforwards, $199.0 million are derived from states the Company currently does not operate in. $651.0 million do not have an expiration date and $237.0 million will begin expiring in 2026 through 2037. Additionally, the Company had federal tax credits in excess of $33.5 million which begin expiring in 2029.

The Company did not have unrecognized tax benefits at March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023.

The Company’s only taxing jurisdiction is the United States (federal and state). The Company’s tax years 2020 to present remain open for federal examination. Additionally, tax years 2005 through 2019 remain subject to examination for the purpose of determining the amount of federal NOL and other carryforwards. The number of years open for state tax audits varies, depending on the state, but are generally from three to five years.
    
12

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
8. Equity

Capital Stock and Equity Awards. Our authorized capital stock consists of 300 million shares, which include 250 million shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share (“common stock”) and 50 million shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. At March 31, 2024, the Company had 37.1 million shares of common stock issued and outstanding. Further, at March 31, 2024, the Company had 0.1 million of unvested restricted stock awards, 0.1 million shares of unvested restricted stock units, 0.2 million unvested stock options outstanding and no unvested performance share units.

Share Repurchase Program. In May 2023, the Company's Board of Directors (the “Board”) approved a share repurchase program (the “Program”) authorizing the Company to repurchase up to an aggregate of $75.0 million of the Company’s outstanding common stock with the Company’s cash on hand. The Program replaced the prior share repurchase program previously approved by the Board in August 2021 of $25.0 million. Purchases under the Program are intended to meet the requirements of Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. The Program does not require any specific number of shares to be acquired, and can be modified or discontinued by the Board at any time. The Company did not repurchase any common stock under the Program or the prior share repurchase program during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 or 2023.

Dividends. In January 2024, the Board approved a one-time cash dividend of $1.50 per share of the Company's common stock, which was paid on February 20, 2024 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on February 5, 2024. The aggregate total payout was approximately $55.6 million. Additionally, in March 2024, the Board increased the on-going quarterly dividend to $0.11 per share which was first paid on March 29, 2024, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 15, 2024. The aggregate total payout was $4.1 million. The $0.11 per share dividend is subject to quarterly approval by the Board. Dividend payments for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 totaled $59.7 million, which included $0.1 million of dividends on vested stock awards.

The Tax Benefits Preservation Plan. On July 1, 2020, the Board declared a dividend distribution of one right (a “Right”) for each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock to shareholders of record at the close of business on July 13, 2020. On June 20, 2023, the Company entered into an amendment to the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan to extend the expiration time of the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan from July 1, 2023 to July 1, 2026. Each Right entitles its holder, under certain circumstances, to purchase from the Company one one-thousandth of a share of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share, at an exercise price of $5.00 per Right, subject to adjustment. The description and terms of the Rights are set forth in the tax benefits preservation plan, dated as of July 1, 2020, as amended, between the Company and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC, as rights agent (and any successor rights agent, the “Rights Agent”). The Tax Benefits Preservation Plan will expire on the earliest of: (i) the time at which the Rights are redeemed pursuant to the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan, (ii) the time at which the Rights are exchanged pursuant to the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan, (iii) the closing of any merger or other acquisition transaction involving the Company pursuant to an agreement of the type described in Section 13(f) of the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan, at which time, the Rights are terminated, (iv) the time at which the Board determines that the NOLs are utilized in all material respects or that an ownership change under Section 382 would not adversely impact in any material respect the time period in which the Company could use the NOLs, or materially impair the amount of the NOLs that could be used by the Company in any particular time period, for applicable tax purposes and (v) the Close of Business on July 1, 2026. The Board plans to request shareholder approval for the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan at the 2024 annual meeting.

The Company adopted the Tax Benefits Preservation Plan, as amended on March 16, 2021, and June 20, 2023, in order to protect shareholder value against a possible limitation on the Company’s ability to use its tax net operating losses (the “NOLs”) and certain other tax benefits to reduce potential future U.S. federal income tax obligations. The NOLs are a valuable asset to the Company, which may inure to the benefit of the Company and its shareholders. However, if the Company experiences an “ownership change,” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), its ability to fully utilize the NOLs and certain other tax benefits will be substantially limited and the timing of the usage of the NOLs and such other benefits could be substantially delayed, which could significantly impair the value of those assets. Generally, an “ownership change” occurs if the percentage of the Company’s stock owned by one or more of its “five-percent shareholders” (as such term is defined in Section 382 of the Code) increases by more than 50 percentage points over the lowest percentage of stock owned by such shareholder or shareholders at any time over a three-year period. The Tax Benefits Preservation Plan is intended to prevent against such an “ownership change” by deterring any person or group from acquiring beneficial ownership of 4.9% or more of the Company’s securities.

13

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
9. Revenues

The following table disaggregates the Company’s revenue by source for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(In thousands)
Oil$15,599 $19,410 
Natural gas6,007 13,390 
NGL8,677 10,347 
Total revenues $30,283 $43,147 


Oil, natural gas and NGL revenues. A majority of the Company’s revenues come from sales of oil, natural gas and NGLs. In accordance with the contracts governing these sales, revenues are recorded at a point in time when control of the oil, natural gas and NGL production passes to the purchaser at the inlet of the processing plant or pipeline, or the delivery point for onloading to a delivery truck. As the Company’s purchaser obtains control of the production prior to selling it to other end customers, the Company presents its revenues on a net basis, rather than on a gross basis.

Pricing for the Company’s oil, natural gas and NGL contracts is variable and is based on volumes sold multiplied by either an index price, net of deductions, or a percentage of the sales price obtained by the purchaser, which is also based on index prices. The transaction price is allocated on a pro-rata basis to each unit of oil, natural gas or NGL sold based on the terms of the contract. Oil, natural gas and NGL revenues are also recorded net of royalties, discounts and allowances, and transportation costs, as applicable. Taxes assessed by governmental authorities on oil, natural gas and NGL sales are presented separately from revenues and are included in production, ad valorem, and other taxes expense in the condensed consolidated income statements.

Revenues Receivable. The Company records an asset in accounts receivable, net on its condensed consolidated balance sheet for revenues receivable from contracts with purchasers at the end of each period. Pricing for revenues receivable is estimated using current month crude oil, natural gas and NGL prices, net of deductions. Revenues receivable on operated properties are typically collected the month after the Company delivers the related production to its purchaser. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had revenues receivable of $13.7 million and $14.5 million, respectively. The Company did not record any credit losses on revenues receivable nor write-offs during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 or 2023, as the Company’s purchasers of oil, natural gas and NGL have had no issues of payment collectability or lack of credit worthiness with the Company.


14

SANDRIDGE ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
10. Earnings per Share

The following table summarizes the calculation of weighted average common shares outstanding used in the computation of diluted earnings per share:
Net income (loss)
Weighted Average Shares
Earnings Per Share
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Basic earnings per share
$11,125 37,042 $0.30 
Effect of dilutive securities
Restricted stock units 38 
Restricted stock awards  35 
Performance share units (1) 13 
Stock options 6 
Diluted earnings per share (2)
$11,125 37,134 $0.30 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Basic earnings per share$23,758 36,859 $0.64 
Effect of dilutive securities
Restricted stock units 177 
Restricted stock awards 7 
Performance share units (1) 13 
Stock options 54 
Diluted earnings per share (2)
$23,758 37,110 $0.64 
____________________

(1)The performance share unit awards are contingently issuable and are considered in the calculation of diluted earnings per share. The Company assesses the number of awards that would be issuable, if any, under the terms of the agreement if the end of the reporting period were the end of the contingency period.
(2)The incremental shares of potentially dilutive restricted stock units, restricted stock awards, performance share units, and stock options were included for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 as their effect was dilutive under the treasury stock method.



11. Subsequent Events

On May 2, 2024, the Board declared a cash dividend of $0.11 per share of the Company’s common stock, payable on May 31, 2024 to shareholders of record on May 17, 2024.


15

ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis is intended to help the reader understand our business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report, as well as our audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the 2023 Form 10-K. Our discussion and analysis includes the following subjects:

Overview;
Consolidated Results of Operations;
Liquidity and Capital Resources; and
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.

The financial information with respect to the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, discussed below, is unaudited. In the opinion of management, this information contains all adjustments, which consist only of normal recurring adjustments unless otherwise disclosed, necessary to state fairly the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the full fiscal year.

Overview

We are an independent oil and natural gas company with a principal focus on acquisition, development and production activities in the U.S. Mid-Continent region (“Mid-Con”).

The charts below show production by product and percent revenues for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
1554
549755837364
549755837342
Total MBoe production for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 was comprised of approximately 15.1% oil, 58.2% natural gas and 26.7% NGL compared to 17.4% oil, 54.6% natural gas and 28.0% NGL in the first quarter of 2023.

16

Recent Events

In January 2024, the Board approved a one-time cash dividend of $1.50 per share of the Company's common stock, which was paid on February 20, 2024 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on February 5, 2024. The aggregate total payout was approximately $55.6 million. Additionally, in March 2024, the Board increased the on-going quarterly dividend to $0.11 per share which was first paid on March 29, 2024, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 15, 2024. The aggregate total payout was $4.1 million. The $0.11 per share dividend is subject to quarterly approval by the Board.

On May 2, 2024, the Board declared a cash dividend of $0.11 per share of the Company’s common stock, payable on May 31, 2024 to shareholders of record on May 17, 2024.
Outlook

We will continue to focus on growing the value and cash generation capability of our asset base in a safe, responsible and efficient manner, while exercising prudent capital allocations to projects we believe provide high rates of returns in the current commodity price environment. These projects include (1) artificial lift conversions to more efficient and cost effective systems, (2) high-graded re-fracturing and recompletion and (3) limited opportunistic leasing in proven areas around or adjacent to our area of operations that could further bolster future development. While commodity price futures are not yet at preferred levels to resume drilling or further well reactivations at this time, we retain the development option over a reasonable tenor, since our assets are 99% held by production. We will continue to monitor forward-looking commodity prices, results, costs and other factors that could influence returns on investments, which will continue to shape our disciplined development decisions in 2024 and beyond. We will also continue to maintain optionality to execute on value accretive merger and acquisition opportunities that could bring synergies, leverage our core competencies, compliment our portfolio of assets, further utilize our NOLs or otherwise yield attractive returns for our shareholders.



Consolidated Results of Operations

Our consolidated revenues and cash flows are generated from the production and sale of oil, natural gas and NGL. Our revenues, profitability and future growth depend substantially on prevailing prices received for our production, the quantity of oil, natural gas and NGL we produce, and our ability to find and economically develop and produce our reserves. Prices for oil, natural gas and NGL fluctuate widely and are difficult to predict. To provide information on the general trend in pricing, the average New York Mercantile Exchange ("NYMEX") prices for oil and natural gas are shown in the tables below:
    
Three-month periods ended
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023September 30, 2023June 30, 2023March 30, 2023
NYMEX Oil (per Bbl)$77.50 $78.53 $82.25 $73.54 $75.93 
NYMEX Natural gas (per Mcf)$2.23 $2.84 $2.69 $2.26 $2.74 

In order to reduce our exposure to price fluctuations, from time to time we may enter into commodity derivative contracts for a portion of our anticipated future oil, natural gas and NGL production as discussed in “Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.” During periods where the strike prices for our commodity derivative contracts are below market prices at the time of settlement, we may not fully benefit from increases in the market price of oil and natural gas. Conversely, during periods of declining oil and natural gas market prices, our commodity derivative contracts may partially offset declining revenues and cash flows to the extent strike prices for our contracts are above market prices at the time of settlement. See “Note 3 — Derivatives” to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for additional information regarding our commodity derivatives.

17

Revenues

Consolidated revenues for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are presented in the table below (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023Change
Oil$15,599 $19,410 $(3,811)
Natural gas6,007 13,390 (7,383)
NGL8,677 10,347 (1,670)
Total revenues $30,283 $43,147 $(12,864)


Oil, Natural Gas and NGL Production and Pricing

Our production and pricing information for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 is shown in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023Change
Production data
Oil (MBbls)208 261 (53)
Natural gas (MMcf)4,807 4,912 (105)
NGL (MBbls)367 420 (53)
Total volumes (MBoe)1,376 1,500 (124)
Average daily total volumes (MBoe/d)15.1 16.7 (1.6)
Average prices—as reported (1)
Oil (per Bbl)$75.08 $74.26 $0.82 
Natural gas (per Mcf)$1.25 $2.73 $(1.48)
NGL (per Bbl)$23.65 $24.62 $(0.97)
Total (per Boe)$22.01 $28.76 $(6.75)
Average prices—including impact of derivative contract settlements
Oil (per Bbl)$75.08 $74.26 $0.82 
Natural gas (per Mcf)$1.25 $3.92 $(2.67)
NGL (per Bbl)$23.65 $24.62 $(0.97)
Total (per Boe)$22.01 $32.67 $(10.66)

__________________
(1)     Prices represent actual average sales prices for the periods presented and do not include effects of derivative settlements.

18

Variances in oil, natural gas and NGL revenues attributable to changes in the average prices received for our production and total production volumes sold for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 are shown in the table below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Q1 2023 oil, natural gas and NGL revenues$43,147 
Change due to production volumes(2,729)
Change due to average prices(10,135)
Q1 2024 oil, natural gas and NGL revenues$30,283 

Oil, natural gas, and NGL revenues decreased primarily due to lower commodity prices. Production volumes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 decreased primarily due to the natural declines of our producing wells, as well as an increase in downtime associated with inclement weather for the period. There were no new wells or completions during the period, as the Company defers higher level of capital investment for higher commodity periods to maximizes returns. See "Item 1A—Risk Factors" included in our 2023 Form 10-K for additional discussion of the potential impact these events may have on our future revenues.

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):    
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023Change
Lease operating expenses$10,892 $11,694 $(802)
Production, ad valorem, and other taxes1,896 3,751 (1,855)
Depreciation and depletion—oil and natural gas4,076 3,454 622 
Depreciation and amortization—other1,678 1,618 60 
Total operating expenses$18,542 $20,517 $(1,975)
Lease operating expenses ($/Boe)$7.92 $7.79 $0.13 
Production, ad valorem, and other taxes ($/Boe)$1.38 $2.50 $(1.12)
Depreciation and depletion—oil and natural gas ($/Boe)$2.96 $2.30 $0.66 
Production, ad valorem, and other taxes (% of oil, natural gas and NGL revenue)6.3 %8.7 %(2.4)%

The decrease in lease operating expenses for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 was primarily due to decreases in utility costs and expense workovers.

Production, ad valorem, and other taxes for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 decreased primarily due to lower commodity prices and related revenues. Production, ad valorem, and other taxes for the three month period ended March 31, 2024 decreased as a percentage of oil, natural gas and NGL revenue primarily due to a decrease in ad valorem taxes as a result of decreased valuation assessments on our oil and gas properties.

The increase in depreciation and depletion for oil and natural gas properties was primarily the result a decrease in proved reserves at March 31, 2024, driven by lower SEC prices (as defined below), which increased our depletion rate.

19

Impairment

A ceiling limitation calculation is performed at the end of each quarter. If the full cost pool balance exceeds the ceiling limitation, an impairment of the full cost pool is required. Calculation of the full cost ceiling test is based on, among other factors, trailing twelve-month first-day-of-the-month index prices (“SEC prices”) as adjusted for price differentials and other contractual arrangements. The SEC prices utilized in the calculation of proved reserves included in the full cost ceiling test at March 31, 2024 were $77.48 per barrel of oil and $2.45 per MMBtu of natural gas, before price differential adjustments.

The ceiling limitation was not exceeded; therefore, no full cost ceiling limitation impairments were recorded during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 or 2023. During certain periods within the past five years, the SEC prices used in the full cost ceiling test have been lower than the SEC prices used for the March 31, 2024 full cost ceiling test and resulted in material ceiling limitation impairments. Full cost pool ceiling limitation impairments have no impact to our cash flow or liquidity.

Based on the SEC prices over the trailing ten months ended April 30, 2024, as well as two months of NYMEX strip pricing for May and June of 2024 as of April 30, 2024, we estimate the SEC prices utilized in the June 30, 2024 full cost ceiling test may be $79.60 per barrel of oil and $2.34 per MMBtu of natural gas (the "estimated second quarter prices"). Applying these estimated second quarter prices, and holding all other inputs constant to those used in the calculation of our March 31, 2024 ceiling test, we expect that no full cost ceiling limitation impairment is indicated for the second quarter of 2024.

Any actual full cost ceiling limitation impairment recognized in future quarters may fluctuate significantly from projected amounts based on the outcome of numerous other factors such as declines in the actual trailing twelve-month SEC prices, lower NGL pricing, changes in estimated future development costs and operating expenses, and other adjustments to our levels of proved reserves.

Other Operating Expenses

Other operating expenses for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 consisted of the following (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023Change
General and administrative$3,332 $2,909 $423 
Restructuring expenses— 39 (39)
Employee termination benefits— 19 (19)
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts— (1,447)1,447 
Other operating (income) expense, net(9)(94)85 
Total other operating expenses$3,323 $1,426 $1,897 

The increase in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily the result of an increase in service and personnel costs.

The following table summarizes derivative activity for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts$— $(1,447)
Settlement gains (losses) on derivative contracts$— $5,876 

20

Our derivative contracts were not designated as accounting hedges and, as a result, changes in their fair values were recorded each quarter as a component of operating expenses. Internally, management has historically viewed the settlement of commodity derivative contracts at contractual maturity as adjustments to the price received for oil, natural gas and NGL production to determine “effective prices.” In general, cash is received on settlement of contracts due to lower oil and natural gas prices at the time of settlement, compared to the contract price for our commodity derivative contracts; and, cash is paid on settlement of contracts due to higher oil, natural gas and NGL prices at the time of settlement, compared to the contract price for our commodity derivative contracts. See further discussion of derivative contracts in “Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” included in Part I of this Quarterly Report.


Other Income (Expense)

Our other income (expense) for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are presented in the table below (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Other income (expense)
Interest income (expense), net$2,698 $2,499 
Other income (expense), net55 
Total other income$2,707 $2,554 

Interest income, net during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 is primarily comprised of interest income on cash deposits.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2024, our cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash was $208.5 million. We expect our cash on hand and cash from operations to be adequate to meet our short and long-term liquidity needs. We had no outstanding term or revolving debt obligations as of March 31, 2024.

Working Capital and Sources and Uses of Cash

Our principal sources of liquidity for the next year include cash flows from operations and cash on hand.

Dividend payments to shareholders of $59.7 million were the primary drivers in the reduction of working capital to $184.5 million at March 31, 2024 compared to $228.5 million at December 31, 2023. This activity was partially offset by cash flows from operations.

In January 2024, the Board approved a one-time cash dividend of $1.50 per share of the Company's common stock, which was paid on February 20, 2024 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on February 5, 2024. The aggregate total payout was approximately $55.6 million. Additionally, in March 2024, the Board increased the on-going quarterly dividend to $0.11 per share which was first paid on March 29, 2024, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 15, 2024. The aggregate total payout was $4.1 million. The $0.11 per share dividend is subject to quarterly approval by the Board. Dividend payments for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 totaled $59.7 million, which included $0.1 million in dividends on vested stock awards. See Note 8 for further discussion of the Company’s dividends.

Cash Flows

Our cash flows from operations are substantially dependent on current and future prices for oil, natural gas and NGL, which historically have been, and may continue to be, volatile. Cash flows from operations are also affected by timing of cash receipts and disbursements and changes in other working capital assets and liabilities.

21

Our cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are presented in the following table and discussed below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Cash flows provided by operating activities$15,681 $39,847 
Cash flows used in investing activities(1,104)(9,408)
Cash flows used in financing activities(60,028)(343)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash$(45,451)$30,096 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

The $24.2 million decrease in cash flows from operations for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 is primarily due to a decrease in revenues from lower commodity prices.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Our cash flows used in investing activities during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 reflect capital expenditures of $1.1 million and $9.4 million, respectively, primarily related to capital expenditures made for capital workovers, well reactivation and drilling in 2023. Given the decline in natural gas prices, we have prudently elected to defer our drilling option for higher commodity price environments to maximize returns.

Capital expenditures for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are summarized below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Capital Expenditures
Drilling, completion, and capital workovers$745 $12,079 
Leasehold and geophysical84 141 
Capital expenditures (on an accrual basis)829 12,220 
Changes in accounts payable and accrued expenses314 (2,753)
Inventory material transfers to oil and natural gas properties(19)(75)
Total cash paid for capital expenditures$1,124 $9,392 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Cash used in financing activities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 consisted primarily of $59.7 million in cash dividends, $0.1 million of cash used for tax withholdings paid in exchange for shares withheld on employee vested stock awards that were settled by net exercise, and finance lease payments of $0.2 million. Cash used in financing activities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2023 consisted primarily of $0.2 million of cash used for tax withholdings paid in exchange for shares withheld on employee vested stock awards that were settled by net exercise and finance lease payments of $0.1 million. Net exercises of stock awards allows the holder of a stock award to tender back to us a number of shares at fair value upon the vesting of such stock award, that equals the employee payroll tax obligation due. We then remit a cash payment to the relevant taxing authority on behalf of the employee for their payroll tax obligations resulting from the vesting of their stock award.

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At March 31, 2024, our contractual obligations included asset retirement obligations, leases and other individually insignificant obligations. Additionally, we have certain financial instruments representing potential commitments that were incurred in the normal course of business to support our operations, including surety bonds. The underlying liabilities insured by these instruments are reflected in our balance sheets, where applicable. Therefore, no additional liability is reflected for the surety bonds or other instruments.

There were no other significant changes in total contractual obligations and off-balance sheet arrangements from those reported in the 2023 Form 10-K.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

For a description of our critical accounting policies and estimates, refer to Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in the 2023 Form 10-K. For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements, newly adopted and recent accounting pronouncements not yet adopted, see “Note 1—Basis of Presentation” to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report. We did not have any material changes in critical accounting policies, estimates, judgments and assumptions during the first three months of 2024.
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ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

General

This discussion provides information about the financial instruments we have historically used to manage commodity prices. All contracts were settled in cash and did not require the actual delivery of a commodity at settlement. Additionally, our exposure to credit risk and interest rate risk is also discussed.

Commodity Price Risk. Our most significant market risk relates to the prices we receive for our oil, natural gas and NGLs. Due to the historical price volatility of these commodities, from time to time, we have historically entered, depending upon our view of opportunities under the then-prevailing current market conditions, we enter into commodity derivative contracts for a portion of our anticipated production volumes for the purpose of reducing the impact of the variability of oil and natural gas prices.

We have used, and may use, a variety of commodity-based derivative contracts, including fixed price swaps, basis swaps and collars. At March 31, 2024, we had no open commodity derivative contracts or obligations to enter into commodity derivative contracts.

Because we historically have not designated any of our derivative contracts as hedges for accounting purposes, changes in the fair value of our derivative contracts were recognized as gains and losses in current period earnings. As a result, and when applicable, current period earnings could have been significantly affected by changes in the fair value of our commodity derivative contracts. Changes in fair value were principally measured based on a comparison of future prices to the contract price at the end of the period.


The following table summarizes derivative activity for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 (in thousands):


Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Gain) loss on derivative contracts$— $(1,447)
Settlement gains (losses) on derivative contracts$— $5,876 


See “Note 3 — Derivatives” to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for additional information regarding our commodity derivatives.

Credit Risk. As applicable, we were exposed to credit risk related to counterparties to our derivative financial contracts. All of our derivative transactions have been carried out in the over-the-counter market. The use of derivative transactions in over-the-counter markets involves the risk that the counterparties may be unable to meet the financial terms of the transactions. The counterparties for all of our derivative transactions have had an “investment grade” credit rating. We have historically monitored the credit ratings of our derivative counterparties and considered our counterparties’ credit default risk ratings in determining the fair value of our derivative contracts. Our derivative contracts have historically been with multiple counterparties to minimize exposure to any individual counterparty, and in addition our counterparties have been large financial institutions.

We did not require collateral or other security from counterparties to support derivative instruments. We historically had master netting agreements with our derivative contract counterparties, which allowed us to net our derivative assets and liabilities by commodity type with the same counterparty. As a result of the netting provisions, our maximum amount of loss under derivative transactions due to credit risk was limited to the net amounts due from the counterparties under the commodity derivative contracts. Therefore, we were not required to post additional collateral under our commodity derivative contracts.

We are also exposed to credit risk related to the collection of receivables from our joint interest partners for their proportionate share of expenditures on wells and properties we operate. Historically, our credit losses on joint interest receivables have been immaterial.


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ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s CEO and CFO, the Company performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of its disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2024, to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in its reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and such information is accumulated and communicated to management, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2024 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. Other Information

ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings

See "Note 6—Commitments and Contingencies” to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report.
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ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

Information regarding our risk factors appears in Item 1A. of our 2023 Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. These risk factors describe some of the assumptions, risks, uncertainties and other factors that could adversely affect our business or that could otherwise result in changes that differ materially from our expectations.

ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Our current equity-based compensation plans include provisions that allow for the “net exercise” of share-settled vested awards by all plan participants. In a net exercise, any required payroll taxes, federal withholding taxes and exercise price of the shares due from the share-based award holders are settled by having the holder tender back to us a number of shares at fair value equal to the amounts due. Net exercises are treated as purchases and retirements of shares.

The following table presents a summary of share repurchases made by the Company during the three-month period ended March 31, 2024.

PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased(1)Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Program(2)Maximum Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Program
(in Millions)(2)
January 1, 2024 - January 31, 2024— $— — $75.0 
February 1, 2024 - February 29, 20244,886 $12.71 — $75.0 
March 1, 2024 - March 31, 20242,925 $13.89 — $75.0 
Total7,811 — 
(1) Includes shares of common stock tendered by employees in order to satisfy tax withholding requirements upon vesting of their stock awards. Shares withheld are initially recorded as treasury shares, then immediately retired.
(2) In May 2023, the Company's Board of Directors approved the initiation of a share repurchase program authorizing the Company to purchase up to an aggregate of $75.0 million of the Company’s common stock.


ITEM 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

ITEM 5. Other Information

None.
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ITEM 6. Exhibits
Incorporated by Reference
Exhibit
No.
Exhibit DescriptionForm
SEC
File No.
ExhibitFiling Date
Filed
Herewith
2.1


8-A001-337842.110/4/2016
3.1

8-A001-337843.110/4/2016
3.2

8-A001-337843.210/4/2016
4.1

8-K001-337844.16/20/2023
22.110-K001-3378422.13/4/2021
31.1*
31.2*
32.1*
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.*
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document*
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document*
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Document*
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document*
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document*
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)*


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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

SandRidge Energy, Inc.
Date: May 8, 2024
By:
/s/ Brandon Brown
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

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