10-Q 1 self-20230930.htm 10-Q 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023

or

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from ____________________ to ____________________

Commission File Number: 001-12681

 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Maryland

 

13-3926714

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

Global Self Storage, Inc.

3814 Route 44

Millbrook, NY 12545

(212) 785-0900

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Company’s principal executive offices)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common shares, $0.01 par value per share

 

SELF

 

NASDAQ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☒ No

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, as of October 31, 2023 was 11,142,970.

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

STATEMENT ON FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

 

3

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

5

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited).

 

5

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

21

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

33

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

 

33

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

34

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

 

34

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

 

34

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

34

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

34

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

34

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

 

34

 

Item 6.

Exhibits.

 

34

Exhibit Index

 

35

SIGNATURES

 

36

 

2


 

STATEMENT ON FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

Certain information presented in this report may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws including the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward looking statements include statements concerning our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, future revenues or performance, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions relating to acquisitions and other information that is not historical information. In some cases, forward looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “believes,” “plans,” “intends,” “expects,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” or “anticipates” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. All forward-looking statements made by the Company involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the control of the Company, which may cause the Company’s actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such statements. We may also make additional forward looking statements from time to time. All such subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, by us or on our behalf, are also expressly qualified by these cautionary statements. All forward-looking statements, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends and estimates of future earnings, are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved.

All forward looking statements apply only as of the date made. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward looking statements which may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in or contemplated by this report. Any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of the risks referenced in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K and in other subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Such factors include, but are not limited to:

general risks associated with the ownership and operation of real estate, including changes in demand, risks related to development or redevelopment (including expansion) of self storage properties, potential liability for environmental contamination, natural disasters and adverse changes in tax, real estate and zoning laws and regulations;
risks associated with downturns in the national and local economies in the markets in which we operate, including risks related to current economic conditions and the economic health of our customers;
the impact of competition from new and existing self storage and commercial properties and other storage alternatives;
difficulties in our ability to successfully evaluate, finance, integrate into our existing operations, and manage acquired and developed properties;
risks related to our development of new properties and expansions and related lease up at our existing properties and/or participation in joint ventures;
risks of ongoing litigation and other legal and regulatory actions, which may divert management’s time and attention, require us to pay damages and expenses or restrict the operation of our business;
the impact of the regulatory environment as well as national, state, and local laws and regulations including, without limitation, those governing the environment, taxes and our tenant reinsurance business and real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), and risks related to the impact of new laws and regulations;
risk of increased tax expense associated either with a possible failure by us to qualify as a REIT, or with challenges to intercompany transactions with our taxable REIT subsidiaries;
changes in federal or state tax laws related to the taxation of REITs, which could impact our status as a REIT;
increases in taxes, fees and assessments from state and local jurisdictions;
security breaches or a failure of our networks, systems or technology;
our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on favorable terms;
market trends in our industry, interest rates, the debt and lending markets or the general economy;
the timing of acquisitions and our ability to execute on our acquisition pipeline;

3


 

general volatility of the securities markets in which we participate;
changes in the value of our assets;
changes in interest rates and the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from interest rate volatility;
increasing inflation;
our ability to continue to qualify and maintain our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes;
availability of qualified personnel;
difficulties in raising capital at a reasonable cost;
fiscal policies or inaction at the U.S. federal government level, which may lead to federal government shutdowns or negative impacts on the U.S economy;
estimates relating to our ability to make distributions to our stockholders in the future; and
economic uncertainty due to the impact of terrorism, infectious or contagious diseases or pandemics, including the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, or war.

 

4


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

September 30, 2023

 

 

December 31, 2022

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate assets, net

 

$

55,856,225

 

 

$

56,884,160

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

6,695,712

 

 

 

6,363,610

 

Restricted cash

 

 

209,763

 

 

 

151,397

 

Investments in securities

 

 

2,200,887

 

 

 

2,366,153

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

204,790

 

 

 

168,299

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

847,731

 

 

 

479,458

 

Line of credit issuance costs, net

 

 

76,201

 

 

 

152,402

 

Interest rate cap

 

 

92,649

 

 

 

123,152

 

Goodwill

 

 

694,121

 

 

 

694,121

 

Total assets

 

$

66,878,079

 

 

$

67,382,752

 

Liabilities and equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable, net

 

$

17,033,431

 

 

$

17,420,854

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

1,959,774

 

 

 

1,622,784

 

Total liabilities

 

 

18,993,205

 

 

 

19,043,638

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value: 50,000,000 shares authorized; no shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value: 450,000,000 shares authorized; 11,142,970 shares and 11,109,077 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

 

 

111,430

 

 

 

111,091

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

49,155,801

 

 

 

49,029,712

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(1,382,357

)

 

 

(801,689

)

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

47,884,874

 

 

 

48,339,114

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

66,878,079

 

 

$

67,382,752

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

5


 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS and COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental income

 

$

2,968,263

 

 

$

2,970,875

 

 

$

8,857,845

 

 

$

8,542,221

 

Other property related income

 

 

103,676

 

 

 

93,630

 

 

 

293,788

 

 

 

281,702

 

Management fees and other income

 

 

18,435

 

 

 

21,907

 

 

 

62,712

 

 

 

62,218

 

Total revenues

 

 

3,090,374

 

 

 

3,086,412

 

 

 

9,214,345

 

 

 

8,886,141

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operations

 

 

1,163,064

 

 

 

1,010,495

 

 

 

3,374,379

 

 

 

3,053,481

 

General and administrative

 

 

683,629

 

 

 

560,675

 

 

 

2,172,965

 

 

 

1,892,382

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

409,245

 

 

 

404,961

 

 

 

1,224,624

 

 

 

1,214,344

 

Business development

 

 

5,903

 

 

 

4,598

 

 

 

11,152

 

 

 

46,708

 

Total expenses

 

 

2,261,841

 

 

 

1,980,729

 

 

 

6,783,120

 

 

 

6,206,915

 

Operating income

 

 

828,533

 

 

 

1,105,683

 

 

 

2,431,225

 

 

 

2,679,226

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend and interest income

 

 

66,906

 

 

 

46,846

 

 

 

194,960

 

 

 

92,894

 

Unrealized loss on marketable equity securities

 

 

(411,969

)

 

 

(59,512

)

 

 

(165,266

)

 

 

(889,885

)

Interest expense

 

 

(212,712

)

 

 

(163,153

)

 

 

(619,550

)

 

 

(572,174

)

Gain on Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan forgiveness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

307,210

 

Total other expense, net

 

 

(557,775

)

 

 

(175,819

)

 

 

(589,856

)

 

 

(1,061,955

)

Net income and comprehensive income

 

$

270,758

 

 

$

929,864

 

 

$

1,841,369

 

 

$

1,617,271

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.02

 

 

$

0.08

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

0.15

 

Diluted

 

$

0.02

 

 

$

0.08

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.15

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

11,048,877

 

 

 

10,924,646

 

 

 

11,041,578

 

 

 

10,785,362

 

Diluted

 

 

11,090,674

 

 

 

10,978,000

 

 

 

11,084,684

 

 

 

10,842,515

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

Additional paid in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par value

 

 

capital

 

 

deficit

 

 

equity

 

Balances at December 31, 2022

 

 

11,109,077

 

 

$

111,091

 

 

$

49,029,712

 

 

$

(801,689

)

 

$

48,339,114

 

Restricted stock grants issued

 

 

37,976

 

 

 

380

 

 

 

(380

)

 

 

 

 

Restricted stock grant forfeiture

 

 

(3,145

)

 

 

(32

)

 

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

37,787

 

 

 

 

 

37,787

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

992,541

 

 

 

992,541

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(805,228

)

 

 

(805,228

)

Balances at March 31, 2023

 

 

11,143,908

 

 

 

111,439

 

 

 

49,067,151

 

 

 

(614,376

)

 

 

48,564,214

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

43,921

 

 

 

 

 

43,921

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

578,070

 

 

 

578,070

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(807,933

)

 

 

(807,933

)

Balances at June 30, 2023

 

 

11,143,908

 

 

 

111,439

 

 

 

49,111,072

 

 

 

(844,239

)

 

 

48,378,272

 

Restricted stock grant forfeiture

 

 

(938

)

 

 

(9

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

44,720

 

 

 

 

 

44,720

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

270,758

 

 

 

270,758

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(808,876

)

 

 

(808,876

)

Balances at September 30, 2023

 

 

11,142,970

 

 

$

111,430

 

 

$

49,155,801

 

 

$

(1,382,357

)

 

$

47,884,874

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

7


 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

earnings

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

Additional paid in

 

 

(accumulated

 

 

stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

 

 

capital

 

 

deficit)

 

 

equity

 

Balances at December 31, 2021

 

 

10,708,613

 

 

$

107,086

 

 

$

46,851,360

 

 

$

159,651

 

 

$

47,118,097

 

Restricted stock grants issued

 

 

26,025

 

 

 

260

 

 

 

(260

)

 

 

 

 

Restricted stock grant forfeiture

 

 

(203

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses

 

 

65,843

 

 

 

659

 

 

 

197,711

 

 

 

 

 

198,370

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

52,604

 

 

 

 

 

52,604

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

283,207

 

 

 

283,207

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(700,339

)

 

 

(700,339

)

Balances at March 31, 2022

 

 

10,800,278

 

 

 

108,003

 

 

 

47,101,417

 

 

 

(257,481

)

 

 

46,951,939

 

Restricted stock grant forfeiture

 

 

(406

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses

 

 

165,808

 

 

 

1,658

 

 

 

984,295

 

 

 

 

 

985,953

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

39,329

 

 

 

 

 

39,329

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

404,200

 

 

 

404,200

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(708,487

)

 

 

(708,487

)

Balances at June 30, 2022

 

 

10,965,680

 

 

 

109,657

 

 

 

48,125,045

 

 

 

(561,768

)

 

 

47,672,934

 

Restricted stock grant forfeiture

 

 

(2,329

)

 

 

(23

)

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses

 

 

137,491

 

 

 

1,374

 

 

 

796,331

 

 

 

 

 

797,705

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

39,179

 

 

 

 

 

39,179

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

929,864

 

 

 

929,864

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(804,289

)

 

 

(804,289

)

Balances at September 30, 2022

 

 

11,100,842

 

 

$

111,008

 

 

$

48,960,578

 

 

$

(436,193

)

 

$

48,635,393

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

8


 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

1,841,369

 

 

$

1,617,271

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,224,624

 

 

 

1,214,344

 

Unrealized loss on marketable equity securities

 

 

165,266

 

 

 

889,885

 

Unrealized loss (gain) on interest rate cap premium

 

 

30,503

 

 

 

(102,393

)

Amortization of loan procurement costs

 

 

94,916

 

 

 

105,027

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

126,428

 

 

 

131,112

 

Gain on PPP loan forgiveness

 

 

 

 

(307,210

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(36,491

)

 

 

(42,060

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(354,483

)

 

 

(12,300

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

317,410

 

 

 

317,330

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

3,409,542

 

 

 

3,811,006

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Improvements and equipment additions

 

 

(196,689

)

 

 

(81,904

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(196,689

)

 

 

(81,904

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal payments on note payable

 

 

(406,138

)

 

 

(398,361

)

Dividends paid

 

 

(2,416,247

)

 

 

(2,210,072

)

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses

 

 

 

 

1,982,028

 

Proceeds received on PPP loan forgiveness

 

 

 

 

307,210

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(2,822,385

)

 

 

(319,195

)

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

390,468

 

 

 

3,409,907

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

6,515,007

 

 

 

3,063,699

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

6,905,475

 

 

$

6,473,606

 

Supplemental cash flow and noncash information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

553,907

 

 

$

569,539

 

Supplemental disclosure of noncash activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends payable

 

$

5,790

 

 

$

3,043

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

9


 

GLOBAL SELF STORAGE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

 

1. ORGANIZATION

Global Self Storage, Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us”) is a self-administered and self-managed Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that owns, operates, manages, acquires, develops and redevelops self storage properties (“stores” or “properties”) in the United States. As of September 30, 2023, through its wholly owned subsidiaries, the Company owned and/or managed 13 self-storage properties in Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Oklahoma. The Company operates primarily in one segment: rental operations.

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting standards generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information, and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they may not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

The Company’s cash is deposited with financial institutions located throughout the United States and at times may exceed federally insured limits. Cash equivalents may consist of money market fund shares and may include, among other things, highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less. Restricted cash is comprised of escrowed funds deposited with a bank relating to capital expenditures.

The carrying amount reported on the balance sheet for cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash approximates fair value.

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash in our unaudited consolidated balance sheets to the total amount shown in our consolidated statements of cash flows:

 

 

 

September 30, 2023

 

 

December 31, 2022

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

6,695,712

 

 

$

6,363,610

 

Restricted cash

 

$

209,763

 

 

 

151,397

 

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash as shown in our unaudited consolidated statements of cash flows

 

$

6,905,475

 

 

$

6,515,007

 

 

10


 

Income Taxes

The Company has elected to be treated as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). In order to maintain its qualification as a REIT, among other things, the Company is required to distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income to its stockholders and meet certain tests regarding the nature of its income and assets. As a REIT, the Company is not subject to federal income tax with respect to that portion of its income which meets certain criteria and is distributed annually to stockholders. The Company plans to continue to operate so that it meets the requirements for taxation as a REIT. Many of these requirements, however, are highly technical and complex. If the Company were to fail to meet these requirements, it would be subject to federal income tax. In management's opinion, the requirements to maintain these elections are being fulfilled. The Company is subject to certain state and local taxes.

The Company has elected to treat its corporate subsidiary, SSG TRS LLC, as a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). In general, the Company’s TRS may perform additional services for tenants and may engage in any real estate or non-real estate related business. A TRS is subject to federal corporate income tax.

The Company recognizes the tax benefits of uncertain tax positions only where the position is “more likely than not” to be sustained assuming examination by tax authorities. The Company has reviewed its tax positions and has concluded that no liability for unrecognized tax benefits should be recorded related to uncertain tax positions taken on federal, state, and local income tax returns for open tax years (2020 – 2022), or are expected to be taken in the Company’s 2023 tax returns.

Marketable Equity Securities

Investments in equity securities that have readily determinable fair values are measured at fair value. Gains or losses from changes in the fair value of equity securities are recorded in net income, until the investment is sold or otherwise disposed. The specific identification method is used to determine the realized gain or loss on investments sold or otherwise disposed.

Fair value is determined using a valuation hierarchy generally by reference to an active trading market, using quoted closing or bid prices. Judgment is used to ascertain if a formerly active market has become inactive and in determining fair values when markets have become inactive.

Real Estate Assets

Real estate assets are carried at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Direct and allowable internal costs associated with the development, construction, renovation, and improvement of real estate assets are capitalized. Property taxes and other costs associated with development incurred during a construction period are capitalized. A construction period begins when expenditures for a real estate asset have been made and activities that are necessary to prepare the asset for its intended use are in progress. A construction period ends when an asset is substantially complete and ready for its intended use.

 

Acquisition costs are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which was adopted on January 1, 2018 and are generally capitalized for acquisitions that qualify as asset acquisitions. When properties are acquired, the purchase price is allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values. Allocations to land, building and improvements, and equipment are recorded based upon their respective fair values as estimated by management.

 

In allocating the purchase price for an acquisition, the Company determines whether the acquisition includes intangible assets or liabilities. The Company allocates a portion of the purchase price to an intangible asset attributed to the value of in-place leases. This intangible is generally amortized to expense over the expected remaining term of the respective leases. Substantially all of the leases in place at acquired properties are at market rates, as the majority of the leases are month-to-month contracts.

Repairs and maintenance costs are charged to expense as incurred. Major replacements and betterments that improve or extend the life of the asset are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the buildings and improvements, which are generally between 5 and 39 years.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company carries all derivative financial instruments on the balance sheet at fair value. Fair value of derivatives is determined by reference to observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether the derivative has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship. The Company’s use of derivative instruments has been limited to an interest rate cap agreement and such instrument is not designated as a cash flow hedge. For derivative instruments not designated as cash flow hedges, the unrealized gains

11


 

and losses are included in interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the changes in the fair value of the derivatives is initially reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Company’s balance sheets and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the hedged transaction affects earnings. The valuation analysis of the interest rate cap reflects the contractual terms of derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves.

Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

Accounts payable and accrued expenses generally consist of property tax accruals, unearned rental income, and trade payables.

Revenue and Expense Recognition

Revenues from stores, which are primarily composed of rental income earned pursuant to month-to-month leases for storage space, as well as associated late charges and administrative fees, are recognized as earned in accordance with ASC Topic 842, Leases. Promotional discounts reduce rental income over the promotional period. Ancillary revenues from sales of merchandise and tenant insurance and other income are recognized as earned in accordance with ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606").

The Company's management fees are earned subject to the terms of the related property management services agreements (“PSAs”). These PSAs provide that the Company will perform management services, which include leasing and operating the property and providing accounting, marketing, banking, maintenance and other services. These services are provided in exchange for monthly management fees, which are based on a percentage of revenues collected from stores owned by third parties. PSAs generally have original terms of three years, after which management services are provided on a month-to-month basis unless terminated. Management fees are due on the last day of each calendar month that management services are provided.

The Company accounts for the management services provided to a customer as a single performance obligation which are rendered over time each month in accordance with ASC 606. The total amount of consideration from the contract is variable as it is based on monthly revenues, which are influenced by multiple factors, some of which are outside the Company's control. No disaggregated information relating to PSAs is presented as the Company currently has only one contract.

General and administrative expenses and property operations expenses, which may include among other expenses, property taxes, utilities, repairs and maintenance, and other expenses, are expensed as incurred. The Company accrues for property tax expense based upon actual amounts billed and, in some circumstances, estimates and historical trends when bills or assessments have not been received from the taxing authorities or such bills and assessments are in dispute.

Evaluation of Asset Impairment

The Company evaluates its real estate assets and intangible assets consisting of in-place leases for indicators of impairment. If there are indicators of impairment and we determine that the asset is not recoverable from future undiscounted cash flows to be received through the asset’s remaining life (or, if earlier, the expected disposal date), we record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value or net proceeds from expected disposal.

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment annually and whenever relevant events, circumstances, and other related factors indicate that fair value may be less that carrying amounts. If it is determined that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the amount that would be allocated to goodwill if the reporting unit were acquired for estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recorded. There were no indicators of impairment to goodwill, real estate assets, and intangible assets as of September 30, 2023, and no impairment charges were recorded during for any periods presented herein.

 

Stock-based Compensation
 

The measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards to employees are based on estimated fair values. Awards granted are measured at fair value and any compensation expense is recognized over the service periods of each award. For awards granted which contain a graded vesting schedule and the only condition for vesting is a service condition, compensation cost is recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period as if the award was, in substance, a single award. For awards granted for which vesting is subject to a performance condition, compensation cost is recognized over the requisite service period if and when the Company concludes it is probable that the performance condition will be achieved. The estimated number of stock awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from our current estimates, such amounts will be recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the period estimates are revised.

 

Loan Procurement Costs

 

12


 

Loan procurement costs on the Company's note payable are presented as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability. The loan procurement costs related to the note payable are amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the loan. If there is not an associated debt liability recorded on the consolidated balance sheets, the costs are recorded as an asset net of accumulated amortization. Loan procurement costs associated with the Company's revolving credit facility remain in line of credit issuance costs, net of amortization on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. The costs related to the line of credit facility are amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the estimated life of the related debt.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from management's estimates.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). ASU 2020-04 contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. ASU 2020-04 is effective upon issuance, and the provisions generally can be applied prospectively as of January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2024. The adoption of the standard did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

3. REAL ESTATE ASSETS

The carrying value of the Company’s real estate assets is summarized as follows

 

 

 

September 30, 2023

 

 

December 31, 2022

 

Land

 

$

6,122,065

 

 

$

6,122,065

 

Buildings, improvements, and equipment

 

 

60,881,082

 

 

 

60,684,393

 

Self storage properties

 

 

67,003,147

 

 

 

66,806,458

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(11,146,922

)

 

 

(9,922,298

)

Real estate assets, net

 

$

55,856,225

 

 

$

56,884,160

 

 

 

4. MARKETABLE EQUITY SECURITIES

Investments in marketable equity securities consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2023

 

Cost Basis

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

Investment in marketable equity securities