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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

Commission file number  000-22117
SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware06-1269834
(State or other jurisdiction(I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
  
4 Landmark Square 
Stamford,Connecticut06901
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(203) 975-7110
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareSLGNNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes    No

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes    No

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
           Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
           Smaller reporting company
           Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes    No

As of October 31, 2022, the number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock was 110,079,007.
-1-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  
 Page No.
  
  
  
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
 
  
 
 
  

-2-



Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements

SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands)
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Dec. 31, 2021
 (unaudited)(unaudited) 
Assets   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$243,609 $270,567 $631,439 
Trade accounts receivable, net1,124,051 1,033,680 711,332 
Inventories851,070 762,182 798,837 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets113,498 114,945 154,241 
Total current assets2,332,228 2,181,374 2,295,849 
Property, plant and equipment, net1,886,596 1,963,349 1,993,877 
Goodwill1,914,894 2,039,033 2,038,408 
Other intangible assets, net757,882 839,332 830,772 
Other assets, net627,813 524,752 611,940 
 $7,519,413 $7,547,840 $7,770,846 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity   
Current liabilities:   
Revolving loans and current portion of long-term debt$591,287 $934,246 $20,251 
Trade accounts payable688,383 761,018 1,133,318 
Accrued payroll and related costs110,358 110,452 109,279 
Accrued liabilities291,384 235,372 245,674 
Total current liabilities1,681,412 2,041,088 1,508,522 
Long-term debt3,246,738 3,191,581 3,772,926 
Deferred income taxes425,181 383,154 435,252 
Other liabilities472,851 475,311 491,450 
Stockholders’ equity:   
Common stock1,751 1,751 1,751 
Paid-in capital335,924 320,132 325,448 
Retained earnings2,954,292 2,622,401 2,691,745 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(365,356)(291,158)(259,828)
Treasury stock(1,233,380)(1,196,420)(1,196,420)
Total stockholders’ equity1,693,231 1,456,706 1,562,696 
 $7,519,413 $7,547,840 $7,770,846 

See accompanying notes.
-3-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
(Dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
   
Net sales$1,970,445 $1,651,070 $4,956,112 $4,237,841 
Cost of goods sold1,662,680 1,402,836 4,140,968 3,533,257 
Gross profit307,765 248,234 815,144 704,584 
Selling, general and administrative expenses96,680 90,299 320,521 282,072 
Rationalization charges2,726 2,315 7,533 13,026 
Other pension and postretirement income(11,051)(12,297)(33,729)(37,934)
Income before interest and income taxes219,410 167,917 520,819 447,420 
Interest and other debt expense before loss on
    early extinguishment of debt
33,743 27,039 91,752 79,868 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
  1,481 883 
Interest and other debt expense33,743 27,039 93,233 80,751 
Income before income taxes185,667 140,878 427,586 366,669 
Provision for income taxes46,964 34,586 111,333 92,620 
Net income$138,703 $106,292 $316,253 $274,049 
Earnings per share:
Basic net income per share$1.26 $0.96 $2.86 $2.48 
Diluted net income per share$1.25 $0.96 $2.85 $2.47 
Weighted average number of shares:
Basic110,281 110,465 110,572 110,372 
Effect of dilutive securities460 732 548 739 
Diluted110,741 111,197 111,120 111,111 

See accompanying notes.

-4-


 SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
Net income$138,703 $106,292 $316,253 $274,049 
  Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
  Changes in net prior service credit and actuarial losses693 2,156 1,731 5,910 
  Change in fair value of derivatives421 1,071 2,698 2,540 
  Foreign currency translation(58,254)(30,952)(109,957)(38,655)
Other comprehensive loss(57,140)(27,725)(105,528)(30,205)
Comprehensive income $81,563 $78,567 $210,725 $243,844 
 
See accompanying notes.
-5-


 SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 20222021
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:  
Net income$316,253 $274,049 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash
    provided by (used in) operating activities:
  
Depreciation and amortization201,912 185,968 
Rationalization charges7,533 13,026 
Stock compensation expense12,917 15,605 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt1,481 883 
Other changes that provided (used) cash, net of effects from acquisitions:  
Trade accounts receivable, net(459,131)(415,331)
Inventories(92,181)(78,738)
Trade accounts payable(165,717)62,303 
Accrued liabilities64,458 (33,488)
Other, net(5,047)(30,055)
Net cash used in operating activities(117,522)(5,778)
Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities:  
Purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired(1,333)(718,430)
Capital expenditures(162,271)(172,994)
Other, net1,993 2,234 
Net cash used in investing activities(161,611)(889,190)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities:  
Borrowings under revolving loans813,628 1,155,199 
Repayments under revolving loans(290,327)(248,310)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt6,042 499,725 
Repayments of long-term debt(300,314)(500,000)
Changes in outstanding checks - principally vendors(225,863)(84,216)
Dividends paid on common stock(54,325)(47,030)
Debt issuance costs (4,909)
Repurchase of common stock(39,402)(8,573)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(90,561)761,886 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(18,136)(5,832)
Cash and cash equivalents:  
Net decrease(387,830)(138,914)
Balance at beginning of year631,439 409,481 
Balance at end of period$243,609 $270,567 
Interest paid, net$91,037 $79,107 
Income taxes paid, net66,959 79,812 

See accompanying notes.
-6-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
(Dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 

Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
Common stock - shares outstanding
Balance at beginning of period
110,215 110,408 110,410 110,057 
Net issuance of treasury stock for vested restricted stock units 2 455 353 
Repurchases of common stock
  (650) 
Balance at end of period
110,215 110,410 110,215 110,410 
Common stock - par value
Balance at beginning and end of period
$1,751 $1,751 $1,751 $1,751 
Paid-in capital
Balance at beginning of period
331,877 314,873 325,448 306,363 
Stock compensation expense
4,047 5,268 12,917 15,605 
Net issuance of treasury stock for vested restricted stock units (9)(2,441)(1,836)
Balance at end of period
335,924 320,132 335,924 320,132 
Retained earnings
Balance at beginning of period
2,833,431 2,531,783 2,691,745 2,395,395 
Net income
138,703 106,292 316,253 274,049 
Dividends declared on common stock
(17,842)(15,674)(53,706)(47,043)
Balance at end of period
2,954,292 2,622,401 2,954,292 2,622,401 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Balance at beginning of period
(308,216)(263,433)(259,828)(260,953)
Other comprehensive loss(57,140)(27,725)(105,528)(30,205)
Balance at end of period
(365,356)(291,158)(365,356)(291,158)
Treasury stock
Balance at beginning of period
(1,233,380)(1,196,394)(1,196,420)(1,189,683)
Net issuance of treasury stock for vested restricted stock units (26)(10,593)(6,737)
Repurchases of common stock
  (26,367) 
Balance at end of period
(1,233,380)(1,196,420)(1,233,380)(1,196,420)
Total stockholders' equity$1,693,231 $1,456,706 $1,693,231 $1,456,706 
Dividends declared on common stock per share$0.16 $0.14 $0.48 $0.42 

See accompanying notes.
-7-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 1.               Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Silgan Holdings Inc., or Silgan, have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the full year.

The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2021 has been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

You should read the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. We review goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment as of July 1 of each year and more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment. We determined that our goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets were not impaired in our annual 2022 assessment performed during the third quarter.

Note 2.               Revenue

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by reportable segment and geography as they best depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Revenues by segment were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
(Dollars in thousands)
Dispensing and Specialty Closures$575,530 $533,329 $1,775,888 $1,588,449 
Metal Containers1,212,034 942,125 2,617,156 2,120,740 
Custom Containers182,881 175,616 563,068 528,652 
$1,970,445 $1,651,070 $4,956,112 $4,237,841 

Revenues by geography were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
(Dollars in thousands)
North America$1,592,775 $1,274,025 $3,833,613 $3,140,924 
Europe and other377,670 377,045 1,122,499 1,096,917 
$1,970,445 $1,651,070 $4,956,112 $4,237,841 

Our contract assets primarily consist of unbilled accounts receivable related to over time revenue recognition and were $113.3 million, $94.6 million, and $78.2 million as of September 30, 2022 and 2021 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Unbilled receivables are included in trade accounts receivable, net on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.



-8-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 3.               Rationalization Charges

We continually evaluate cost reduction opportunities across each of our segments, including rationalizations of our existing facilities through plant closings and downsizings. We use a disciplined approach to identify opportunities that generate attractive cash returns. Rationalization charges by segment were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
 (Dollars in thousands)
Dispensing and Specialty Closures$346 $406 $346 $5,704 
Metal Containers2,480 1,822 7,182 7,068 
Custom Containers(100)87 5 254 
 $2,726 $2,315 $7,533 $13,026 

Activity in reserves for our rationalization plans were as follows:
Employee
Severance
and Benefits
Plant
Exit
Costs
Non-Cash
Asset
Write-Down
Total
 (Dollars in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2021
$41,090 $157 $ $41,247 
Charged to expense5,324 348 1,861 7,533 
Utilized and currency translation(5,908)(378)(1,861)(8,147)
Balance at September 30, 2022
$40,506 $127 $ $40,633 

Non-cash asset write-downs were the result of comparing the carrying value of certain production related assets to their fair value using estimated future discounted cash flows, a Level 3 fair value measurement (see Note 7 for information regarding a Level 3 fair value measurement).

Rationalization reserves as of September 30, 2022 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as accrued liabilities of $4.4 million and other liabilities of $36.2 million. Excluding the impact of our withdrawal from the Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Plan, or the Central States Pension Plan, in 2019, remaining expenses and cash expenditures for our rationalization plans are expected to be $3.1 million and $6.0 million, respectively. Remaining expenses for the accretion of interest for the withdrawal liability related to the Central States Pension Plan are expected to average approximately $0.9 million per year and be recognized annually through 2040, and remaining cash expenditures for the withdrawal liability related to the Central States Pension Plan are expected to be approximately $3.1 million annually through 2040.



-9-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 4.               Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Accumulated other comprehensive loss is reported in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity.  Amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, were as follows:
 
Unrecognized Net
Defined Benefit
Plan Costs
Change in Fair
Value of
Derivatives
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Total
 (Dollars in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2021
$(119,474)$(2,327)$(138,027)$(259,828)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications 3,135 (109,957)(106,822)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other
    comprehensive loss
1,731 (437) 1,294 
 Other comprehensive loss1,731 2,698 (109,957)(105,528)
Balance at September 30, 2022
$(117,743)$371 $(247,984)$(365,356)
 
The amounts reclassified to earnings from the unrecognized net defined benefit plan costs component of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 were net (losses) of $(0.9) million and $(2.4) million, respectively, excluding income tax benefits of $0.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, these net (losses) consisted of amortization of net actuarial (losses) of $(1.3) million and $(3.5) million and amortization of net prior service credit of $0.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Amortization of net actuarial losses and net prior service credit was recorded in other pension and postretirement income in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. See Note 9 for further information.

The amounts reclassified to earnings from the change in fair value of derivatives component of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 were not significant.

Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications related to foreign currency translation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 consisted of (i) foreign currency (losses) related to translation of quarter end financial statements of foreign subsidiaries utilizing a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar of $(82.5) million and $(168.1) million, respectively, (ii) foreign currency gains related to intra-entity foreign currency transactions that are of a long-term investment nature of $1.2 million and $3.1 million, respectively, and (iii) foreign currency gains related to our net investment hedges of $30.2 million and $72.2 million, respectively, excluding income tax (provisions) of $(7.1) million and $(17.1) million, respectively. See Note 7 for further discussion.



-10-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 5.               Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following: 
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Dec. 31, 2021
 (Dollars in thousands)
Raw materials$452,307 $333,202 $394,102 
Work-in-process231,036 152,429 157,406 
Finished goods542,044 370,134 394,378 
Other16,857 16,005 15,731 
 1,242,244 871,770 961,617 
Adjustment to value inventory at cost on the LIFO method(391,174)(109,588)(162,780)
 $851,070 $762,182 $798,837 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we implemented an inventory management program which resulted in permanent reductions of inventories valued under the last-in, first-out basis. This resulted in liquidations of inventory layers carried at costs prevailing in prior years and thereby decreased cost of goods sold by $26.2 million and $33.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 20, 2022, respectively.

Note 6.               Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following: 
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Dec. 31, 2021
 (Dollars in thousands)
Bank debt   
Bank revolving loans$497,000 $910,000 $ 
U.S. term loans1,000,000 400,000 1,000,000 
Other foreign bank revolving and term loans66,649 36,003 38,862 
Total bank debt1,563,649 1,346,003 1,038,862 
4¾% Senior Notes
 300,000 300,000 
3¼% Senior Notes
636,740 753,285 739,180 
4⅛% Senior Notes600,000 600,000 600,000 
2¼% Senior Notes489,800 579,450 568,600 
1.4% Senior Secured Notes500,000 500,000 500,000 
Finance leases66,109 69,061 68,730 
Total debt - principal3,856,298 4,147,799 3,815,372 
Less unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discount18,273 21,972 22,195 
Total debt3,838,025 4,125,827 3,793,177 
Less current portion591,287 934,246 20,251 
 $3,246,738 $3,191,581 $3,772,926 

At September 30, 2022, the current portion of long-term debt consisted of $497.0 million of bank revolving loans and $50.0 million of U.S. term loans under our amended and restated senior secured credit facility, as amended, or the Credit Agreement, $41.6 million of other foreign bank revolving and term loans and $2.7 million of finance leases.


-11-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


On March 28, 2022, we redeemed all $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of our outstanding 4¾% Senior Notes due 2025, or the 4¾% Notes, at a redemption price of 100 percent of their principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. We funded this redemption with revolving loan borrowings under the Credit Agreement and cash on hand. As a result of this redemption, we recorded a pre-tax charge for the loss on early extinguishment of debt of $1.5 million during the first quarter of 2022 for the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs.

Note 7.               Financial Instruments

The financial instruments recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets include cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, trade accounts payable, debt obligations and swap agreements. Due to their short-term maturity, the carrying amounts of trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable approximate their fair market values. The following table summarizes the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our other financial instruments at September 30, 2022:

Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
 (Dollars in thousands)
Assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$243,609 $243,609 
Liabilities:  
Bank debt$1,563,649 $1,563,649 
3¼% Senior Notes636,740 601,083 
4⅛% Senior Notes599,287 532,200 
2¼% Senior Notes489,800 394,632 
1.4% Senior Secured Notes499,811 427,000 

Fair Value Measurements

GAAP defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price). GAAP classifies the inputs used to measure fair value into a hierarchy consisting of three levels. Level 1 inputs represent unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs represent unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs represent unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Financial Instruments Measured at Fair Value

The financial assets and liabilities that were measured on a recurring basis at September 30, 2022 consisted of our cash and cash equivalents and derivative instruments. We measured the fair value of cash and cash equivalents using Level 1 inputs. We measured the fair value of our derivative instruments using the income approach. The fair value of our derivative instruments reflects the estimated amounts that we would pay or receive based on the present value of the expected cash flows derived from market interest rates and prices. As such, these derivative instruments were classified within Level 2.

Financial Instruments Not Measured at Fair Value

Our bank debt, 3¼% Senior Notes, 4⅛% Senior Notes, 2¼% Senior Notes and 1.4% Senior Secured Notes were recorded at historical amounts in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as we have not elected to measure them at fair value. We measured the fair value of our variable rate bank debt using the market approach based on Level 2 inputs. Fair values of the 3¼% Senior Notes, 4⅛% Senior Notes, 2¼% Senior Notes and 1.4% Senior Secured Notes were estimated based on quoted market prices, a Level 1 input.
-12-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Our derivative financial instruments were recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at their fair values. Changes in fair values of derivatives are recorded in each period in earnings or comprehensive income, depending on whether a derivative is designated as part of a hedge transaction and, if it is, the type of hedge transaction.

We utilize certain derivative financial instruments to manage a portion of our interest rate and natural gas cost exposures. We generally limit our use of derivative financial instruments to interest rate and natural gas swap agreements. We do not engage in trading or other speculative uses of these financial instruments. For a financial instrument to qualify as a hedge, we must be exposed to interest rate or price risk, and the financial instrument must reduce the exposure and be designated as a hedge. Financial instruments qualifying for hedge accounting must maintain a high correlation between the hedging instrument and the item being hedged, both at inception and throughout the hedged period.

We also utilize certain internal hedging strategies to minimize our foreign currency exchange rate risk. Net investment hedges that qualify for hedge accounting result in the recognition of foreign currency gains or losses, net of tax, in accumulated other comprehensive loss. 

Interest Rate Swap Agreements

We have entered into two U.S. dollar interest rate swap agreements, each for $50.0 million notional principal amount, to manage a portion of our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These agreements have a fixed rate of 2.878 percent and mature on March 24, 2023. The difference between amounts to be paid or received on our interest rate swap agreements is recorded in interest and other debt expense in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and was not significant for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. These agreements are with a financial institution which is expected to fully perform under the terms thereof. The total fair value of our interest rate swap agreements in effect at September 30, 2022 was not significant.

Natural Gas Swap Agreements

We have entered into natural gas swap agreements to manage a portion of our exposure to fluctuations in natural gas prices. The difference between amounts to be paid or received on our natural gas swap agreements is recorded in cost of goods sold in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and was not significant for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. These agreements are with a financial institution which is expected to fully perform under the terms thereof. The total fair value of our natural gas swap agreements in effect at September 30, 2022 was not significant.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

In an effort to minimize our foreign currency exchange rate risk, we have financed acquisitions of foreign operations primarily with borrowings denominated in Euros. In addition, where available, we have borrowed funds in local currency or implemented certain internal hedging strategies to minimize our foreign currency exchange rate risk related to foreign operations, including net investment hedges related to the 3¼% Senior Notes which are Euro denominated. Foreign currency gains related to our net investment hedges included in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 were $30.2 million and $72.2 million, respectively.



-13-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 8.               Commitments and Contingencies

On July 12, 2022, we concluded a settlement with the European Commission to end a long-running investigation of our metal packaging operations in Europe. This investigation was started in 2015 by the German antitrust authority and was transferred in 2018 to the European Commission. With the settlement, the European Commission closed its investigation and we paid a fine of €23.9 million in October 2022, although we do not fully concur with the facts and legal qualifications put forth by the European Commission.

We are a party to other legal proceedings, contract disputes and claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not a party to, and none of our properties are subject to, any pending legal proceedings which could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

Note 9.               Retirement Benefits

The components of the net periodic pension benefit credit were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
 (Dollars in thousands)
Service cost$2,937 $3,177 $9,507 $10,754 
Interest cost5,131 4,579 15,430 13,288 
Expected return on plan assets(17,220)(19,892)(51,849)(59,590)
Amortization of prior service cost 62 67 170 183 
Amortization of actuarial losses1,370 3,464 3,682 9,518 
Net periodic benefit credit $(7,720)$(8,605)$(23,060)$(25,847)
 
The components of the net periodic other postretirement benefit credit were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
(Dollars in thousands)
Service cost$5 $25 $56 $81 
Interest cost96 82 314 272 
Amortization of prior service credit(415)(460)(1,247)(1,373)
Amortization of actuarial gains(75)(137)(229)(232)
Net periodic benefit credit$(389)$(490)$(1,106)$(1,252)

Note 10.               Income Taxes

Silgan and its subsidiaries file U.S. Federal income tax returns, as well as income tax returns in various states and foreign jurisdictions. The Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, has completed its review of the 2020 tax year with no change to our filed federal income tax return. We have been accepted into the Compliance Assurance Program for the 2021 and 2022 tax years which provides for the review by the IRS of tax matters relating to our tax return prior to filing.



-14-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 11.               Treasury Stock

On March 4, 2022, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase by us of up to an aggregate of $300.0 million of our common stock by various means from time to time through and including December 31, 2026. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we repurchased an aggregate of 649,727 shares of our common stock at an average price per share of $40.56, for a total purchase price of $26.4 million. At September 30, 2022, we had approximately $273.6 million remaining under this authorization for the repurchase of our common stock.

During the first nine months of 2022, we issued 765,917 treasury shares which had an average cost of $3.19 per share for restricted stock units that vested during the period. In accordance with the Silgan Holdings Inc. Amended and Restated 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, we repurchased 310,904 shares of our common stock at an average cost of $41.92 to satisfy minimum employee withholding tax requirements resulting from the vesting of such restricted stock units.

We account for treasury shares using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost method. As of September 30, 2022, 64,896,981 shares of our common stock were held in treasury.

Note 12.             Stock-Based Compensation

We currently have one stock-based compensation plan in effect under which we have issued options and restricted stock units to our officers, other key employees and outside directors. During the first nine months of 2022, 429,731 restricted stock units were granted to certain of our officers, other key employees and outside directors. The fair value of these restricted stock units at the grant date was $17.9 million, which is being amortized ratably over the respective vesting period from the grant date.



-15-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at September 30, 2022 and 2021 and for the
three and nine months then ended is unaudited)


Note 13.             Segment Information

Reportable segment information was as follows:
Dispensing and Specialty ClosuresMetal
Containers
Custom
Containers
CorporateTotal
 (Dollars in thousands)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2022     
Net sales$575,530 $1,212,034 $182,881 $ $1,970,445 
Depreciation and amortization(1)
36,056 17,811 9,882 39 63,788 
Rationalization charges346 2,480 (100) 2,726 
Segment income 79,163 121,267 24,262 (5,282)219,410 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021     
Net sales$533,329 $942,125 $175,616 $ $1,651,070 
Depreciation and amortization(1)
30,830 21,231 10,072 38 62,171 
Rationalization charges406 1,822 87  2,315 
Segment income 60,090 94,271 22,704 (9,148)167,917 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022     
Net sales$1,775,888 $2,617,156 $563,068 $ $4,956,112 
Depreciation and amortization(1)
109,216 58,749 29,699 120 197,784 
Rationalization charges346 7,182 5  7,533 
Segment income (2)
257,825 225,634 79,846 (42,486)520,819 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021     
Net sales$1,588,449 $2,120,740 $528,652 $ $4,237,841 
Depreciation and amortization(1)
88,821 63,809 29,077 119 181,826 
Rationalization charges5,704 7,068 254  13,026 
Segment income 199,571 198,520 74,434 (25,105)447,420 
_____________

(1)Depreciation and amortization excludes amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs of $1.3 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $4.1 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
(2)Corporate includes a charge of $25.2 million for the settlement with the European Commission for the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

Total segment income is reconciled to income before income taxes as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021Sept. 30, 2022Sept. 30, 2021
 (Dollars in thousands)
Total segment income $219,410 $167,917 $520,819 $447,420 
Interest and other debt expense33,743 27,039 93,233