Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Silgan Holdings
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$29.86 111 $3,320
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-07-01 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-01 Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-12 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-06-11 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-08 Officers
8-K 2019-05-07 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-15 Officers
8-K 2019-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-08 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-07 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-06 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-11 Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-30 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-16 Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-24 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
MASI Masimo 7,480
CRY Cryolife 1,170
CONN Conn's 777
UBNK United Financial Bancorp 688
BIOC Biocept 18
ISIG Insignia Systems 14
AEMD Aethlon Medical 11
ACOL Acology 0
PRSI Portsmouth Square 0
TAKD Transakt 0
SLGN 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Leases
Note 3. Revenue
Note 4. Rationalization Charges
Note 5. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Note 6. Inventories
Note 7. Long-Term Debt
Note 8. Financial Instruments
Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 10. Retirement Benefits
Note 11. Income Taxes
Note 12. Treasury Stock
Note 13. Stock-Based Compensation
Note 14. Business Segment Information
Item 2.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 exhibit3113-31x19.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit3123-31x19.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit3213-31x19.htm
EX-32.2 exhibit3223-31x19.htm

Silgan Holdings Earnings 2019-03-31

SLGN 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 slgn-3312019x10q.htm 10-Q Document



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[x]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

Commission file number  000-22117
SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
06-1269834
(State or other jurisdiction
(I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
4 Landmark Square
 
Stamford, Connecticut
06901
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(203) 975-7110
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
SLGN
Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [ X ]   No [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes [ X ]   No [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  [ X ]
           Accelerated filer  [   ]
Non-accelerated filer  [   ]  
           Smaller reporting company  [   ]
 
           Emerging growth company [ ]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying
with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes [   ]   No [ X ]

As of April 30, 2019, the number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock was 111,142,513.

-1-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

-2-




Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements

SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands)

 
March 31,
2019
 
March 31,
2018
 
Dec. 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
141,400

 
$
174,540

 
$
72,819

Trade accounts receivable, net
596,601

 
578,584

 
511,332

Inventories
686,213

 
743,286

 
634,806

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
70,622

 
72,127

 
71,177

Total current assets
1,494,836

 
1,568,537

 
1,290,134

 
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
1,511,718

 
1,502,880

 
1,517,510

Goodwill
1,141,202

 
1,183,678

 
1,148,302

Other intangible assets, net
374,809

 
413,240

 
383,448

Other assets, net
402,008

 
284,152

 
239,900

 
$
4,924,573

 
$
4,952,487

 
$
4,579,294

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

Revolving loans and current portion of long-term debt
$
578,001

 
$
758,652

 
$
170,214

Trade accounts payable
536,909

 
552,707

 
712,739

Accrued payroll and related costs
61,874

 
66,764

 
68,773

Accrued liabilities
122,001

 
81,173

 
127,342

Total current liabilities
1,298,785

 
1,459,296

 
1,079,068

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
2,113,575

 
2,174,709

 
2,134,400

Deferred income taxes
273,345

 
268,023

 
268,036

Other liabilities
338,661

 
225,668

 
216,525

 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

 
 

Common stock
1,751

 
1,751

 
1,751

Paid-in capital
276,435

 
265,022

 
276,062

Retained earnings
2,031,487

 
1,853,351

 
1,997,785

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(272,431
)
 
(174,707
)
 
(268,808
)
Treasury stock
(1,137,035
)
 
(1,120,626
)
 
(1,125,525
)
Total stockholders’ equity
900,207

 
824,791

 
881,265

 
$
4,924,573

 
$
4,952,487

 
$
4,579,294


See accompanying notes.

-3-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)


 
 
2019
 
2018
   
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
1,027,131

 
$
1,012,280

Cost of goods sold
 
861,134

 
852,246

Gross profit
 
165,997

 
160,034

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
77,662

 
76,747

Rationalization charges
 
6,083

 
703

Other pension and postretirement income
 
(4,490
)
 
(9,598
)
Income before interest and income taxes
 
86,742

 
92,182

Interest and other debt expense
 
27,103

 
30,481

Income before income taxes
 
59,639

 
61,701

Provision for income taxes
 
12,897

 
15,980

Net income
 
$
46,742

 
$
45,721

 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share: 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.41

Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.41

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
110,709

 
110,492

Effect of dilutive securities
 
883

 
1,066

Diluted
 
111,592

 
111,558

 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.


-4-


 SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)



 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
46,742

 
$
45,721

  Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
 
 
 
  Changes in net prior service credit and actuarial losses
2,506

 
856

  Change in fair value of derivatives
(887
)
 
(390
)
  Foreign currency translation
(5,242
)
 
13,800

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(3,623
)
 
14,266

Comprehensive income
$
43,119

 
$
59,987

 
See accompanying notes.

-5-


 SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)



 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
46,742

 
$
45,721

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash
    provided by (used in) operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
51,232

 
48,931

Rationalization charges
6,083

 
703

Stock compensation expense
3,909

 
3,700

Other changes that provided (used) cash:
 

 
 

Trade accounts receivable, net
(88,594
)
 
(49,615
)
Inventories
(53,793
)
 
(74,451
)
Trade accounts payable
(81,242
)
 
(16,077
)
Accrued liabilities
(51,321
)
 
(41,215
)
Other, net
11,198

 
(7,816
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(155,786
)
 
(90,119
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities:
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(61,746
)
 
(49,196
)
Other, net
20

 
800

Net cash used in investing activities
(61,726
)
 
(48,396
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities:
 

 
 

Borrowings under revolving loans
614,103

 
444,595

Repayments under revolving loans
(205,856
)
 
(79,821
)
Repayments of long-term debt
(8,161
)
 
(4,638
)
Changes in outstanding checks - principally vendors
(83,670
)
 
(87,795
)
Dividends paid on common stock
(14,161
)
 
(11,333
)
Repurchase of common stock under stock plan
(15,046
)
 
(2,746
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
287,209

 
258,262

 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(1,116
)
 
1,260

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
 

 
 

Net increase
68,581

 
121,007

Balance at beginning of year
72,819

 
53,533

Balance at end of period
$
141,400

 
$
174,540

 
 
 
 
Interest paid, net
$
39,969

 
$
39,953

Income taxes paid, net
16,933

 
21,835


See accompanying notes.

-6-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
Shares Outstanding
 
Par Value
 
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
Treasury Stock
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
110,385

 
$
1,751

 
$
262,201

 
$
1,809,845

 
$
(188,973
)
 
$
(1,118,759
)
 
$
766,065

Net income

 

 

 
45,721

 

 

 
45,721

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
14,266

 

 
14,266

Dividends declared on common stock of $0.10 per share

 

 

 
(11,276
)
 

 

 
(11,276
)
Stock compensation expense

 

 
3,700

 

 

 

 
3,700

Net issuance of treasury stock for vested restricted stock units
184

 

 
(879
)
 

 

 
(1,867
)
 
(2,746
)
Adoption of accounting standards update related to revenue recognition

 

 

 
9,061

 

 

 
9,061

Balance at March 31, 2018
110,569

 
$
1,751

 
$
265,022

 
$
1,853,351

 
$
(174,707
)
 
$
(1,120,626
)
 
$
824,791

Balance at December 31, 2018
110,430

 
$
1,751

 
$
276,062

 
$
1,997,785

 
$
(268,808
)
 
$
(1,125,525
)
 
$
881,265

Net income

 

 

 
46,742

 

 

 
46,742

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(3,623
)
 

 
(3,623
)
Dividends declared on common stock of $0.11 per share

 

 

 
(12,447
)
 

 

 
(12,447
)
Stock compensation expense

 

 
3,909

 

 

 

 
3,909

Net issuance of treasury stock for vested restricted stock units
698

 

 
(3,536
)
 

 

 
(11,510
)
 
(15,046
)
Adoption of accounting standards update related to leases

 

 

 
(593
)
 

 

 
(593
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
111,128

 
$
1,751

 
$
276,435

 
$
2,031,487

 
$
(272,431
)
 
$
(1,137,035
)
 
$
900,207

 
See accompanying notes.

-7-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 1.               Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Silgan Holdings Inc., or Silgan, have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation.  The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the full year.

The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018 has been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

You should read the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements. In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued an accounting standards update, or ASU, that amends existing guidance for certain leases by lessees. This amendment required us to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for the rights and obligations created by long-term leases and to disclose additional quantitative and qualitative information about leasing arrangements. We adopted this amendment on January 1, 2019 using the transition method, which allowed us to recognize the effects of applying this amendment as a cumulative effect to retained earnings as of January 1, 2019. We elected certain practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance for this amendment, which did not require us to reassess whether other contracts contain leases and allowed us to carryforward our lease classifications determined under the previous guidance. In addition, we elected to retain our previously determined assumptions concerning options to extend or terminate our leases. As a result of the adoption of this amendment, we recognized additional long-term assets of $160.8 million, additional related lease liabilities of $161.4 million and reduced retained earnings by $0.6 million all on January 1, 2019. The adoption of this amendment did not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows. See Note 2 for further information.




-8-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)

Note 2.               Leases

We have noncancelable operating leases for office and plant facilities, equipment and automobiles that expire at various dates through 2040. Certain operating leases have renewal options and rent escalation clauses as well as various purchase options.

Lease right-of-use assets represent the right to use an underlying asset pursuant to the lease for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement of an arrangement where it is determined at inception that a lease exists. These assets and liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term calculated using our incremental borrowing rate generally applicable to the location of the lease right-of-use asset, unless an implicit rate is readily determinable. We combine lease and certain non-lease components in determining the lease payments subject to the initial present value calculation. Lease right-of-use assets include upfront lease payments and exclude lease incentives, where applicable. Lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that those options will be exercised.
Lease expense for operating leases consists of both fixed and variable components. Expense related to fixed lease payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments are generally expensed as incurred, where applicable, and include certain index-based changes in rent, certain non-lease components, such as maintenance and other services provided by the lessor, and other charges included in the lease. Leases with an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. The depreciable life of lease right-of-use assets is generally the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise for such assets.
We recognized total lease expense of $16.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 primarily related to operating lease costs paid to lessors from operating cash flows. We did not recognize any new significant leases in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

The aggregate annual maturities of operating lease liabilities are as follows (dollars in thousands):
Nine months ended December 31, 2019
$
32,434

2020
38,124

2021
31,297

2022
24,010

2023
20,164

Thereafter
58,097

Total lease payments
204,126

Less imputed interest
(36,026
)
Total
$
168,100


Operating lease right-of-use assets as of March 31, 2019 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as other assets, net of $160.2 million. Operating lease liabilities of $168.1 million as of March 31, 2019 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as accrued liabilities of $33.7 million and other liabilities of $134.4 million. At March 31, 2019, our operating leases had a weighted average discount rate of 5.8 percent and a weighted average remaining lease term of approximately six years.

To a lesser extent, we have certain leases that qualify as finance leases. Finance lease right-of-use assets as of March 31, 2019 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as property, plant and equipment, net of $22.6 million. Finance lease liabilities of $22.2 million as of March 31, 2019 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as revolving loans and current portion of long term-debt of $1.1 million and long-term debt of $21.1 million.
  
At March 31, 2019, we did not have any significant operating or finance leases that had not commenced.

-9-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 3.               Revenue

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by reportable business segment and geography as they best depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.

Revenues by business segment for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Metal containers
$
507,062

 
$
485,954

Closures
356,199

 
370,345

Plastics
163,870

 
155,981

 
$
1,027,131

 
$
1,012,280


Revenues by geography for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
North America
$
810,741

 
$
779,790

Europe and other
216,390

 
232,490

 
$
1,027,131

 
$
1,012,280


Our contracts generally include standard commercial payment terms generally acceptable in each region. We do not provide financing with extended payment terms beyond generally standard commercial payment terms for the applicable industry. We have no significant obligations for refunds, warranties or similar obligations.
 
Trade accounts receivable, net are shown separately on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Contract assets are the result of the timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections. Our contract assets primarily consist of unbilled accounts receivable related to over time revenue recognition and were $75.3 million, $73.6 million, and $72.5 million as of March 31, 2019 and 2018 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Unbilled receivables are included in trade accounts receivable, net on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

-10-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)

Note 4.               Rationalization Charges

We continually evaluate cost reduction opportunities across each of our businesses, including rationalizations of our existing facilities through plant closings and downsizings. We use a disciplined approach to identify opportunities that generate attractive cash returns. Rationalization charges by business segment for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Metal containers
$
222

 
$
482

Closures
5,660

 
39

Plastic containers
201

 
182

 
$
6,083

 
$
703

Rationalization charges in 2019 for the closures business were primarily related to the announced shutdown of the Torello, Spain metal closures manufacturing facility.
 
Activity in reserves for our rationalization plans for the three months ended March 31 was as follows:
 
 
Employee
Severance
and Benefits
 
Plant
Exit
Costs
 
Non-Cash
Asset
Write-Down
 
Total
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
130

 
$
1,482

 
$

 
$
1,612

Charged to expense
 
3,152

 
205

 
2,726

 
6,083

Utilized and currency translation
 
(392
)
 
(379
)
 
(2,726
)
 
(3,497
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
2,890

 
$
1,308

 
$

 
$
4,198


Rationalization reserves as of March 31, 2019 were recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as accrued liabilities of $3.5 million and other liabilities of $0.7 million. Remaining expenses for our rationalization plans of $4.1 million are expected primarily in 2019. Remaining cash expenditures for our rationalization plans of $8.3 million are expected through 2023.



-11-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 5.               Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Accumulated other comprehensive loss is reported in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity.  Amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, were as follows:
 
 
Unrecognized Net
Defined Benefit
Plan Costs
 
Change in Fair
Value of
Derivatives
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2018
$
(154,466
)
 
$
(1,008
)
 
$
(113,334
)
 
$
(268,808
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

 
(887
)
 
(5,242
)
 
(6,129
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other
    comprehensive loss
2,506

 

 

 
2,506

 Other comprehensive loss
2,506

 
(887
)
 
(5,242
)
 
(3,623
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
$
(151,960
)
 
$
(1,895
)
 
$
(118,576
)
 
$
(272,431
)
 
The amounts reclassified to earnings from the unrecognized net defined benefit plan costs component of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were net (losses) of $(3.4) million, excluding an income tax benefit of $0.9 million.  These net (losses) consisted of amortization of net actuarial (losses) of $(4.0) million and amortization of net prior service credit of $0.6 million. Amortization of net actuarial losses and net prior service credit was recorded in other pension and postretirement income in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.  See Note 10 for further information.

The amounts reclassified to earnings from the change in fair value of derivatives component of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were not significant.

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications related to foreign currency translation for the three months ended March 31, 2019 consisted of (i) foreign currency (losses) related to translation of quarter end financial statements of foreign subsidiaries utilizing a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar of $(11.3) million, (ii) foreign currency gains related to intra-entity foreign currency transactions that are of a long-term investment nature of $0.7 million and (iii) foreign currency gains related to our net investment hedges of $7.0 million, excluding an income tax provision of $(1.6) million. See Note 8 for further discussion.




-12-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 6.               Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:
 
 
March 31,
2019
 
March 31,
2018
 
Dec. 31,
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Raw materials
$
244,859

 
$
230,847

 
$
288,860

Work-in-process
135,685

 
133,271

 
123,574

Finished goods
418,702

 
449,133

 
335,180

Other
12,850

 
12,858

 
13,075

 
812,096

 
826,109

 
760,689

Adjustment to value inventory
   at cost on the LIFO method
(125,883
)
 
(82,823
)
 
(125,883
)
 
$
686,213

 
$
743,286

 
$
634,806



Note 7.               Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
 
March 31,
2019
 
March 31,
2018
 
Dec. 31, 2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Bank debt
 
 
 
 
 
Bank revolving loans
$
506,000

 
$
415,000

 
$

U.S. term loans
800,000

 
800,000

 
800,000

Canadian term loans
15,825

 
23,362

 
22,103

Other foreign bank revolving and term loans
30,906

 
30,135

 
129,697

Total bank debt
1,352,731

 
1,268,497

 
951,800

5% Senior Notes

 
280,000

 

5½% Senior Notes
300,000

 
300,000

 
300,000

4¾% Senior Notes
300,000

 
300,000

 
300,000

3¼% Senior Notes
729,170

 
801,060

 
744,380

Finance leases
22,167

 

 
21,543

Total debt - principal
2,704,068

 
2,949,557

 
2,317,723

Less unamortized debt issuance costs
12,492

 
16,196

 
13,109

Total debt
2,691,576

 
2,933,361

 
2,304,614

Less current portion
578,001

 
758,652

 
170,214

 
$
2,113,575

 
$
2,174,709

 
$
2,134,400


At March 31, 2019, the current portion of long-term debt consisted of $506.0 million of bank revolving loans under our amended and restated senior secured credit facility, or the Credit Agreement, $40.0 million of term loans under the Credit Agreement, $30.9 million of foreign bank revolving and term loans and $1.1 million of finance leases.


-13-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 8.               Financial Instruments

The financial instruments recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets include cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, trade accounts payable, debt obligations and swap agreements.  Due to their short-term maturity, the carrying amounts of trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable approximate their fair market values.  The following table summarizes the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our other financial instruments at March 31, 2019:

 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
141,400

 
$
141,400

 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 

 
 

Bank debt
$
1,352,731

 
$
1,352,731

5½% Senior Notes
300,000

 
303,069

4¾% Senior Notes
300,000

 
296,565

3¼% Senior Notes
729,170

 
755,056

Derivative instruments (accrued and other liabilities)
2,477

 
2,477


Fair Value Measurements

GAAP defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price).  GAAP classifies the inputs used to measure fair value into a hierarchy consisting of three levels.  Level 1 inputs represent unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.  Level 2 inputs represent unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.  Level 3 inputs represent unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.  Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Financial Instruments Measured at Fair Value

The financial assets and liabilities that were measured on a recurring basis at March 31, 2019 consisted of our cash and cash equivalents and derivative instruments.  We measured the fair value of cash and cash equivalents using Level 1 inputs.  We measured the fair value of our derivative instruments using the income approach.  The fair value of our derivative instruments reflects the estimated amounts that we would pay or receive based on the present value of the expected cash flows derived from market interest rates and prices.  As such, these derivative instruments were classified within Level 2.

Financial Instruments Not Measured at Fair Value

Our bank debt, 5½% Senior Notes, 4¾% Senior Notes and 3¼% Senior Notes were recorded at historical amounts in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as we have not elected to measure them at fair value.  We measured the fair value of our variable rate bank debt using the market approach based on Level 2 inputs. Fair values of the 5½% Senior Notes, 4¾% Senior Notes and 3¼% Senior Notes were estimated based on quoted market prices, a Level 1 input.









-14-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Our derivative financial instruments were recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at their fair values.  Changes in fair values of derivatives are recorded in each period in earnings or comprehensive income, depending on whether a derivative is designated as part of a hedge transaction and, if it is, the type of hedge transaction.

We utilize certain derivative financial instruments to manage a portion of our interest rate and natural gas cost exposures.  We generally limit our use of derivative financial instruments to interest rate and natural gas swap agreements.  We do not engage in trading or other speculative uses of these financial instruments. For a financial instrument to qualify as a hedge, we must be exposed to interest rate or price risk, and the financial instrument must reduce the exposure and be designated as a hedge.  Financial instruments qualifying for hedge accounting must maintain a high correlation between the hedging instrument and the item being hedged, both at inception and throughout the hedged period.

We utilize certain internal hedging strategies to minimize our foreign currency exchange rate risk.  Net investment hedges that qualify for hedge accounting result in the recognition of foreign currency gains or losses, net of tax, in accumulated other comprehensive loss.  We generally do not utilize external derivative financial instruments to manage our foreign currency exchange rate risk.

Interest Rate Swap Agreements

We have entered into two U.S. dollar interest rate swap agreements, each for $50.0 million notional principal amount, to manage a portion of our exposure to interest rate fluctuations.  These agreements have a fixed rate of 2.878 percent and mature on March 24, 2023. The difference between amounts to be paid or received on our interest rate swap agreements is recorded in interest and other debt expense in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and was not significant for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.  These agreements are with financial institutions which are expected to fully perform under the terms thereof. The total fair value of our interest rate swap agreements in effect at March 31, 2019 was not significant.

Natural Gas Swap Agreements

We have entered into natural gas swap agreements with a major financial institution to manage a portion of our exposure to fluctuations in natural gas prices. The difference between amounts to be paid or received on our natural gas swap agreements is recorded in cost of goods sold in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and was not significant for the quarter ended March 31, 2019. These agreements are with financial institutions which are expected to fully perform under the terms thereof. The total fair value of our natural gas swap agreements in effect at March 31, 2019 was not significant.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

In an effort to minimize foreign currency exchange rate risk, we have financed acquisitions of foreign operations primarily with borrowings denominated in Euros and Canadian dollars.  In addition, where available, we have borrowed funds in local currency or implemented certain internal hedging strategies to minimize our foreign currency exchange rate risk related to foreign operations.  We have designated the 3¼% Senior Notes, which are Euro denominated, as net investment hedges.  Foreign currency gains related to our net investment hedges included in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were $7.0 million.


-15-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 9.               Commitments and Contingencies

A competition authority in Germany commenced an antitrust investigation in 2015 involving the industry association for metal packaging in Germany and its members, including our metal container and closures subsidiaries in Germany. At the end of April 2018, the European Commission commenced an antitrust investigation involving the metal packaging industry in Europe including our metal container and closures subsidiaries, which should effectively close out the investigation in Germany. Given the continued early stage of the investigation, we cannot reasonably assess what actions may result from these investigations or estimate what costs we may incur as a result thereof.

We are a party to other legal proceedings, contract disputes and claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not a party to, and none of our properties are subject to, any pending legal proceedings which could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.


Note 10.               Retirement Benefits

The components of the net periodic pension benefit credit for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:

 
2019
 
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Service cost
$
3,258

 
$
3,721

Interest cost
7,049

 
6,309

Expected return on plan assets
(15,113
)
 
(17,123
)
Amortization of prior service cost
19

 
35

Amortization of actuarial losses
4,119

 
1,786

Net periodic benefit credit
$
(668
)
 
$
(5,272
)
 

The components of the net periodic other postretirement benefit credit for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Service cost
$
22

 
$
31

Interest cost
185

 
163

Amortization of prior service credit
(582
)
 
(649
)
Amortization of actuarial gains
(167
)
 
(119
)
Net periodic benefit credit
$
(542
)
 
$
(574
)


-16-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 11.               Income Taxes

Silgan and its subsidiaries file U.S. Federal income tax returns, as well as income tax returns in various states and foreign jurisdictions. The Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, is completing its review of the 2017 tax year. We expect no material change to our filed federal income tax return for 2017. We have been accepted into the Compliance Assurance Program for the 2018 and 2019 tax years which provides for the review by the IRS of tax matters relating to our tax return prior to filing. In the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that our reserve for unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by approximately $4.0 million primarily related to tax attributes acquired from and expenses related to certain acquisitions, as we anticipate the expiration of the applicable statutes of limitation with respect to certain tax matters and resolving certain other outstanding tax matters with the IRS.



Note 12.               Treasury Stock

On October 17, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase by us of up to an aggregate of $300.0 million of our common stock by various means from time to time through and including December 31, 2021, of which we had approximately $124.6 million remaining under this authorization for the repurchase of our common stock at March 31, 2019. We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock under this authorization during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

During the first three months of 2019, we issued 1,227,240 treasury shares which had an average cost of $2.88 per share for restricted stock units that vested during the period.  In accordance with the Silgan Holdings Inc. Amended and Restated 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, we repurchased 528,687 shares of our common stock at an average cost of $28.46 to satisfy minimum employee withholding tax requirements resulting from the vesting of such restricted stock units.

We account for treasury shares using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost method.  As of March 31, 2019, 63,984,347 shares of our common stock were held in treasury.


Note 13.             Stock-Based Compensation

We currently have one stock-based compensation plan in effect under which we have issued options and restricted stock units to our officers, other key employees and outside directors.  During the first three months of 2019, 1,054,700 restricted stock units were granted to certain of our officers and other key employees.  The fair value of these restricted stock units at the grant date was $30.0 million, which is being amortized ratably over the respective vesting period from the grant date.



-17-


SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Information at March 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the
three months then ended is unaudited)


Note 14.             Business Segment Information

Reportable business segment information for the three months ended March 31 was as follows:

 
Metal
Containers
 
Closures
 
Plastic
Containers
 
Corporate
 
Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
507,062

 
$
356,199

 
$
163,870

 
$

 
$
1,027,131

Depreciation and amortization(1)
21,107

 
20,354

 
8,816

 
41

 
50,318

Rationalization charges
222

 
5,660

 
201

 

 
6,083

Segment income
38,897

 
40,256

 
12,066

 
(4,477
)
 
86,742

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net sales
$
485,954

 
$
370,345

 
$
155,981

 
$

 
$
1,012,280

Depreciation and amortization(1)
20,254

 
18,650

 
8,950

 
22

 
47,876

Rationalization charges
482

 
39

 
182

 

 
703

Segment income
37,093

 
48,224

 
11,082

 
(4,217
)
 
92,182


_____________

(1) 
Depreciation and amortization excludes amortization of debt issuance costs of $0.9 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.



Total segment income is reconciled to income before income taxes as follows:
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 


 
(Dollars in thousands)

Total segment income
 
 
$
86,742

 
$
92,182

Interest and other debt expense
 
 
27,103

 
30,481

Income before income taxes
 
 
$
59,639

 
$
61,701


Sales and segment income of our metal container business and part of our closures business are dependent, in part, upon fruit and vegetable harvests.  The size and quality of these harvests varies from year to year, depending in large part upon the weather conditions in applicable regions.  Because of the seasonality of the harvests, we have historically experienced higher unit sales volume in the third quarter of our fiscal year and generated a disproportionate amount of our annual segment income during that quarter.


-18-


Item 2.
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Statements included in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  Such forward-looking statements are made based upon management’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events impacting us and therefore involve a number of uncertainties and risks, including, but not limited to, those described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  As a result, the actual results of our operations or our financial condition could differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements.
 

General

We are a leading manufacturer of rigid packaging for consumer goods products.  We currently produce steel and aluminum containers for human and pet food and general line products; metal and plastic closures and dispensing systems for food, beverage, health care, garden, personal care, home and beauty products; and custom designed plastic containers for personal care, food, health care, pharmaceutical, household and industrial chemical, pet food and care, agricultural, automotive and marine chemical products.  We are a leading manufacturer of metal containers in North America and Europe, a leading worldwide manufacturer of metal and plastic closures and dispensing systems and a leading manufacturer of plastic containers in North America for a variety of markets, including the personal care, food, health care and household and industrial chemical markets.

Our objective is to increase shareholder value by efficiently deploying capital and management resources to grow our business, reduce operating costs and build sustainable competitive positions, or franchises, and to complete acquisitions that generate attractive cash returns.  We have grown our net sales and income from operations largely through acquisitions but also through internal growth, and we continue to evaluate acquisition opportunities in the consumer goods packaging market.  If acquisition opportunities are not identified over a longer period of time, we may use our cash flow to repay debt, repurchase shares of our common stock or increase dividends to our stockholders or for other permitted purposes.










-19-




RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table sets forth certain unaudited income statement data expressed as a percentage of net sales for the three months ended March 31:
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
 
 
 
 
Metal containers
 
49.4
 %
 
48.0
 %
Closures
 
34.7

 
36.6

Plastic containers
 
15.9

 
15.4

Consolidated
 
100.0

 
100.0

Cost of goods sold
 
83.8

 
84.2

Gross profit
 
16.2

 
15.8

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
7.6

 
7.6

Rationalization charges
 
0.6

 
0.1

Other pension and postretirement income
 
(0.4
)
 
(1.0
)
Income before interest and income taxes
 
8.4

 
9.1

Interest and other debt expense
 
2.6

 
3.0

Income before income taxes
 
5.8

 
6.1

Provision for income taxes
 
1.2

 
1.6

Net income
 
4.6
 %
 
4.5
 %

Summary unaudited results of operations for the three months ended March 31 are provided below.
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
Net sales
 
 
 
 
Metal containers
 
$
507.0

 
$
486.0

Closures
 
356.2

 
370.3

Plastic containers
 
163.9

 
156.0

Consolidated
 
$
1,027.1

 
$
1,012.3

 
 
 
 
 
Segment income
 
 
 
 
Metal containers (1)
 
$
38.9

 
$
37.1

Closures (2)
 
40.2

 
48.2

Plastic containers (3)
 
12.1

 
11.1

Corporate
 
(4.5
)
 
(4.2
)
Consolidated
 
$
86.7

 
$
92.2

 
(1) Includes rationalization charges of $0.2 million and $0.5 million in 2019 and 2018, respectively.
(2) Includes rationalization charges of $5.7 million in 2019.
(3) Includes rationalization charges of $0.2 million in each of 2019 and 2018.



-20-




Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

Overview.  Consolidated net sales were $1.03 billion in the first quarter of 2019, representing a 1.5 percent increase as compared to the first quarter of 2018 primarily due to the pass through of higher raw material costs in each of the businesses, higher volumes in the plastic container business and a more favorable mix of products sold in the closures business, partially offset by the impact from unfavorable foreign currency translation and lower unit volumes in the metal container and closures businesses. Income before interest and income taxes for the first quarter of 2019 decreased by $5.5 million, or 6.0 percent, as compared to the same period in 2018 primarily as a result of lower unit volumes in the metal container and closures businesses, higher rationalization charges, lower pension income in each of the businesses and the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation in the closures business. These decreases were partially offset by the favorable impact from the larger seasonal inventory build in the current year period as compared to the prior year period in the metal container business, improved manufacturing efficiencies in each of the businesses, the favorable impact from the lagged pass through to customers of lower raw material costs and a more favorable mix of products sold in the closures business, and higher volumes in the plastic container business. Results for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018 included rationalization charges of $6.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Results for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018 included other pension and postretirement income of $4.5 million and $9.6 million, respectively. Net income for the first quarter of 2019 was $46.7 million as compared to $45.7 million for the same period in 2018.  Net income per diluted share for the first quarter of 2019 was $0.42 as compared to $0.41 for the same period in 2018.

Net Sales.  The $14.8 million increase in consolidated net sales in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the first quarter of 2018 was the result of higher net sales in the metal and plastic container businesses, partially offset by lower net sales in the closures business.

Net sales for the metal container business increased $21.0 million, or 4.3 percent, in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018.  This increase was primarily the result of the pass through of higher raw material and other manufacturing costs, partially offset by lower unit volumes of approximately four percent and the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of approximately $5 million. The decrease in unit volumes was primarily the result of lower volumes with customers who bought ahead of 2019 steel inflation in the fourth quarter of 2018 and the prior year loss of a smaller customer, partially offset by continued growth in volumes for pet food.

Net sales for the closures business decreased $14.1 million, or 3.8 percent, in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018.  This decrease was primarily the result of the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of approximately $13 million and lower unit volumes of approximately two percent, partially offset by the pass through of higher raw material costs and a more favorable mix of products sold. The decrease in unit volumes was primarily due to the timing of certain customer purchases, particularly for metal closures in Europe and the U.S. as customers likely timed purchases around steel cost inflation.

Net sales for the plastic container business increased $7.9 million, or 5.1 percent, in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. This increase was primarily due to the pass through of higher raw material costs and higher volumes of approximately two percent, partially offset by the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of approximately $1 million.

Gross Profit.  Gross profit margin increased 0.4 percentage points to 16.2 percent in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018 for the reasons discussed below in "Income before Interest and Income Taxes".

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of consolidated net sales remained constant at 7.6 percent for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $1.0 million to $77.7 million for the first quarter of 2019 as compared to $76.7 million for the same period in 2018.

Income before Interest and Income Taxes.  Income before interest and income taxes for the first quarter of 2019 decreased by $5.5 million, or 6.0 percent, as compared to the first quarter of 2018, and margins decreased to 8.4 percent from 9.1 percent over the same periods. The decrease in income before interest and income taxes was primarily the result of lower segment income in the closures business principally due to higher rationalization charges, partially offset by higher segment income in the metal and plastic container businesses. Rationalization charges were $6.1 million and $0.7 million in the first quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Segment income of the metal container business for the first quarter of 2019 increased $1.8 million, or 4.9 percent, as compared to the same period in 2018, and segment income margin increased to 7.7 percent from 7.6 percent over the same periods.  The increase in segment income was primarily attributable to the favorable impact from a larger seasonal inventory build in the first quarter of 2019 as compared to the prior year period and improved manufacturing efficiencies, partially offset by lower unit volumes and lower pension income. Segment margin increased despite the negative impact on margin of higher sales as a result of the contractual pass through of significantly higher raw material costs.

-21-





Segment income of the closures business for the first quarter of 2019 decreased $8.0 million, or 16.6 percent, as compared to the same period in 2018, and segment income margin decreased to 11.3 percent from 13.0 percent over the same periods.  The decrease in segment income was primarily due to rationalization charges of $5.7 million principally related to the announced shutdown of a metal closures manufacturing facility in Spain, lower unit volumes, the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation and lower pension income, partially offset by the favorable impact from the lagged pass through to customers of lower raw material costs and a more favorable mix of products sold.

Segment income of the plastic container business for the first quarter of 2019 increased $1.0 million, or 9.0 percent, as compared to the same period in 2018, and segment income margin increased to 7.4 percent from 7.1 percent over the same periods.  The increase in segment income was primarily attributable to higher volumes and lower manufacturing costs, partially offset by lower pension income.

Interest and Other Debt Expense. Interest and other debt expense for the first quarter of 2019 decreased $3.4 million to $27.1 million as compared to $30.5 million in the same period in 2018 primarily due to lower average outstanding borrowings.

Provision for Income Taxes. The effective tax rates were 21.6 percent and 25.9 percent for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2019 was favorably impacted by the timing of certain tax deductions recognized in the quarter and changes in certain state tax rates. The effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2018 was unfavorably impacted by higher income in less favorable tax jurisdictions.


CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY

Our principal sources of liquidity have been net cash from operating activities and borrowings under our debt instruments, including our senior secured credit facility.  Our liquidity requirements arise from our obligations under the indebtedness incurred in connection with our acquisitions and the refinancing of that indebtedness, capital investment in new and existing equipment, the funding of our seasonal working capital needs and other general corporate uses.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we used net borrowings of revolving loans of $408.3 million to fund cash used in operations of $155.8 million, decreases in outstanding checks of $83.7 million, net capital expenditures and other investing activities of $61.7 million, dividends paid on our common stock of $14.2 million, repayments of long-term debt of $8.2 million and repurchases of our common stock of $15.0 million and to increase cash and cash equivalents (including the negative effect of exchange rate changes of $1.1 million) by $68.6 million.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, we used net borrowings of revolving loans of $364.8 million to fund cash used in operations of $90.1 million, decreases in outstanding checks of $87.9 million, net capital expenditures and other investing activities of $48.4 million, dividends paid on our common stock of $11.3 million, repayments of long-term debt of $4.6 million and repurchases of our common stock of $2.8 million and to increase cash and cash equivalents (including the positive effect of exchange rate changes of $1.3 million) by $121.0 million.

At March 31, 2019, we had $506.0 million of revolving loans outstanding under the Credit Agreement.  After taking into account outstanding letters of credit, the available portion of revolving loans under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2019 was $664.5 million and Cdn $15.0 million.

Because we sell metal containers and closures used in fruit and vegetable pack processing, we have seasonal sales.  As is common in the industry, we must utilize working capital to build inventory and then carry accounts receivable for some customers beyond the end of the packing season.  Due to our seasonal requirements, which generally peak sometime in the summer or early fall, we may incur short-term indebtedness to finance our working capital requirements.  Our peak seasonal working capital requirements have historically averaged approximately $350 million. We fund seasonal working capital requirements through revolving loans under the Credit Agreement, other foreign bank loans and cash on hand. We may use the available portion of revolving loans under the Credit Agreement, after taking into account our seasonal needs and outstanding letters of credit, for other general corporate purposes including acquisitions, capital expenditures, dividends, stock repurchases and to refinance or repurchase other debt.

We believe that cash generated from operations and funds from borrowings available under the Credit Agreement and other foreign bank loans will be sufficient to meet our expected operating needs, planned capital expenditures, debt service, tax obligations, pension benefit plan contributions, share repurchases and common stock dividends for the foreseeable future.  We continue to evaluate acquisition opportunities in the consumer goods packaging market and may incur additional indebtedness, including indebtedness under the Credit Agreement, to finance any such acquisition.

-22-





We are in compliance with all financial and operating covenants contained in our financing agreements and believe that we will continue to be in compliance during 2019 with all of these covenants.

Rationalization Charges
We continually evaluate cost reduction opportunities across each of our businesses, including rationalizations of our existing facilities through plant closings and downsizings. We use a disciplined approach to identify opportunities that generate attractive cash returns. Under our rationalization plans, we made cash payments of $0.8 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Additional cash spending under our rationalization plans of $8.3 million is expected through 2023.
You should also read Note 4 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three months ended March 31, 2019 included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.









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Item 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risks relating to our operations result primarily from changes in interest rates and, with respect to our international metal container and closures operations and our Canadian plastic container operations, from foreign currency exchange rates.  In the normal course of business, we also have risk related to commodity price changes for items such as natural gas.  We employ established policies and procedures to manage our exposure to these risks.  Interest rate, foreign currency and commodity pricing transactions are used only to the extent considered necessary to meet our objectives.  We do not utilize derivative financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

Information regarding our interest rate risk, foreign currency exchange rate risk and commodity pricing risk has been disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.  Since such filing there has not been a material change to our interest rate risk, foreign currency exchange rate risk or commodity pricing risk or to our policies and procedures to manage our exposure to these risks.


 

Item 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
As required by Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures.  Based upon that evaluation, as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that our disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Principal Executive Officer and the Principal Financial Officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the period covered by this Quarterly Report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, these internal controls.
 


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Part II.  Other Information

Item 6.  Exhibits


Exhibit Number
 
Description
 
 
 
31.1
 
 
 
 
31.2
 
 
 
 
32.1
 
 
 
 
32.2
 
 
 
 
101.INS 
 
XBRL Instance Document.
 
 
 
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
 
 
 
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

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SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Quarterly Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
SILGAN HOLDINGS INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dated: May 8, 2019 
/s/ Robert B. Lewis                 
 
 
Robert B. Lewis
 
Executive Vice President and
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
(Principal Financial and
 
Accounting Officer)

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