Company Quick10K Filing
Smith Midland
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 5 $45
10-Q 2019-11-07 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-08-08 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-05-14 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-03-26 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-13 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-08-02 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-05-10 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2018-03-29 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-11-14 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-08-10 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-05-12 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2017-03-30 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-11-14 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-08-11 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-05-12 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2016-03-28 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-11-12 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-08-14 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-05-14 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2015-03-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-11-18 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-08-19 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-05-15 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2014-03-27 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-11-14 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-Q 2013-08-15 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-05-15 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-K 2013-04-01 Annual: 2012-12-31
10-Q 2012-11-13 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-Q 2012-08-13 Quarter: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-05-21 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-K 2012-04-16 Annual: 2011-12-31
10-Q 2011-11-14 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-Q 2011-08-15 Quarter: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-05-13 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-K 2011-03-31 Annual: 2010-12-31
10-Q 2010-11-12 Quarter: 2010-09-30
10-Q 2010-08-13 Quarter: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-05-13 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-K 2010-03-30 Annual: 2009-12-31
8-K 2019-12-05
8-K 2019-11-07
8-K 2019-08-28 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-13 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-08-08
8-K 2019-07-10 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-14
8-K 2019-03-26
8-K 2018-12-06 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-05 Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-14 Amend Bylaw, Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-24 Officers
8-K 2018-05-10 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-29 Earnings, Exhibits
SMID 2019-09-30
Part I — Financial Information
Note 1. – Interim Financial Reporting
Note 2. – Net Income per Share
Note 3. – Notes Payable
Note 4. – Stock Compensation
Note 5. – Subsequent Events
Part II — Other Information
EX-31.1 smid-20190930xex311.htm
EX-31.2 smid-20190930xex312.htm
EX-32.1 smid-20190930xex321.htm

Smith Midland Earnings 2019-09-30

SMID 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
NMTC 46 2 2 0 0 -8 -8 45 -5.8 -497%
NLST 45 18 30 27 2 -17 -16 53 8% -3.3 -94%
SCOO 45 333 297 661 219 -51 4 229 33% 65.3 -15%
PAYM 45 3 3 0 -0 -7 -7 44 -588% -6.5 -210%
SMID 45 39 20 31 10 2 4 46 34% 10.3 5%
MFON 45 7 10 11 6 -9 -8 49 54% -6.4 -128%
HAHA 45 0 0 0 0 -0 -0 45 -772.2 -181%
HICKA 45 63 47 87 19 6 11 54 22% 4.7 10%
PPHI 45 157 84 13 0 -0 -1 20 0% -33.1 -0%
INTX 44 38 37 155 106 9 14 57 68% 4.2 25%

10-Q 1 smid-20190930x10xq.htm QUARTERLY REPORT Document
 

 UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q 
 
 
 
 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
 
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ________ to ________
 
Commission File Number 1-13752
 
Smith-Midland Corporation
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
54-1727060
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
5119 Catlett Road, P.O. Box 300
Midland, VA 22728
(Address, zip code of principal executive offices)
 
(540)  439-3266
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 Title of each class
 Trading Symbol
 Name of each exchange on which registered
 Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 SMID
 OTCQX
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 ☐
Accelerated filer
 ☐
Non-accelerated filer
 ☐
Smaller reporting company
 ☑
Emerging growth company
 ☐
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common Stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of November 1, 2019: 5,134,492 shares, net of treasury shares
 



 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION 
Form 10-Q Index  
 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
    
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
    
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
 
    
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited)
 
    
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Unaudited)

    
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
8
 
    
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
    
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
    
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
    
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
    
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
    
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
    
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
    
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
    
Item 5. Other Information
 
    
Item 6. Exhibits
 
    
Signatures
 

2

 
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements
 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data) 
 
ASSETS
 
September 30,
2019
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2018
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $1,019
 
 $1,946 
Investment securities, available-for-sale, at fair value
  1,170
 
  1,107 
Accounts receivable, net
    
    
       Trade - billed (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $329 and $214), including contract retentions
  12,067
 
  12,281 
Trade - unbilled
  539
 
  1,313 
Inventories, net
    
    
Raw materials
  725
 
  1,005 
Finished goods (less reserves of $39)
  1,842
 
  2,555 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
  547
 
  480 
Refundable income taxes
  126
 
  909 
 
    
    
Total current assets
  18,035
  21,596 
 
    
    
Property and equipment, net
  16,855
 
  14,102 
 
    
    
Deferred buy-back lease asset, net
  5,222
 
  5,304 
 
    
    
Other assets
  291
 
  367 
 
    
    
Total assets
 $40,403
 
 $41,369 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

3

 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
September 30,
2019
(Unaudited)
 
 
December 31,
2018
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable - trade
 $3,239
 
 $4,212 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
  48
 
  610 
Deferred revenue
  1,354
 
  1,112
 
Accrued compensation
  999
 
  1,556 
Dividend payable
   
  281 
Line-of-credit construction draw 
  1,500 
  1,000 
Deferred buy-back lease obligation 
  947
 
  720 
Operating lease liabilities
  96
 
  
 
Current maturities of notes payable
  733
 
  711 
Customer deposits
 1,149
 
  1,658 
 
    
    
Total current liabilities
 10,066
  11,860
 
 
    
    
Deferred revenue
  688
 
  570
 
Deferred buy-back lease obligation
  5,444
 
  5,873
 
Operating lease liabilities 
  235
 
  
 
Notes payable - less current maturities
  2,264
 
  2,792 
Deferred tax liability
  1,429
 
  1,427 
 
    
    
Total liabilities
 20,126
 
  22,522 
 
    
    
Stockholders’ equity
    
    
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized 1,000,000 shares, none issued and outstanding
   
   
Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized 8,000,000 shares; 5,225,245 and 5,223,245 issued and 5,134,492 and 5,112,825 outstanding, respectively
  52
 
  51 
Additional paid-in capital
  6,195
 
  5,973 
Treasury stock, at cost, 40,920 shares
  (102)
  (102)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  (8)
  (37)
Retained earnings
  14,140
 
  12,962 
 
    
    
Total stockholders' equity
  20,277
 
  18,847 
 
    
    
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 $40,403
 
 $41,369 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

4

 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
        Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
            Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2019
 
 
  2018
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales
 $8,589
 
 $6,828
 
 $23,420
 
 $21,224
 
Barrier rentals
  625
 
  540
 
  1,787
 
  1,188
 
Royalty income
  427
 
  465
 
  1,162
 
  1,193
 
Shipping and installation revenue
  3,568
 
  1,711
 
  7,880
 
  4,897
 
 
    
    
    
    
Total revenue
  13,209
 
  9,544
 
  34,249
 
  28,502
 
 
    
    
    
    
Cost of goods sold
  10,616
  6,951
 
  27,278
 
  21,508
 
 
    
    
    
    
Gross profit
  2,593
 
  2,593
 
  6,971
 
  6,994
 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating expenses
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
  1,123
 
  1,305
 
  3,474
 
  4,059
 
Selling expenses
  717
 
  624
 
  1,924
 
  1,913
 
 
    
    
    
    
Total operating expenses
  1,840
 
  1,929
 
  5,398
 
  5,972
 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating income
  753
 
  664
 
  1,573
 
  1,022
 
 
    
    
    
    
Other income (expense)
    
    
    
    
Interest expense
  (43)
  (44)
  (127)
  (135)
Interest income
  9
 
  10
 
  31 
  29
 
Gain on sale of assets
  19
 
  51
 
  30
 
  106
 
Other income
  15
 
  11
 
  35
 
  30
 
 
    
    
    
    
Total other income (expense)
  
  28
 
  (31)
  30
 
 
    
    
    
    
Income before income tax expense
  753
 
  692
 
  1,542
 
  1,052
 
 
    
    
    
    
Income tax expense (benefit)
  179
 
  172
 
  364
 
  262
 
 
    
    
    
    
Net income (loss)
 $574
 
 $520
 
 $1,178
 
 $790
 
 
    
    
    
    
Basic earnings per share
 $0.11
 
 $0.10
 
 $0.23
 
 $0.16
 
    Diluted earnings per share
 $0.11
 
 $0.10
 
 $0.23
 
 $0.15
 
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
    
    
    
    
Basic
  5,134
 
  5,080
 
  5,134 
  5,078
 
Diluted
  5,138
 
  5,099
 
  5,138
 
  5,098
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

5

 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

 
 
 Three Months Ended September 30,  
 
 
   Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 2019
 
 
 2018
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
Net income (loss)
 $574
 
 $520
 
 $1,178
 
 $790
 
  Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
    
    
    
    
    Net unrealized holding gain (loss) (1)
 4
 
  (9)
  29
 
  (22)
 
    
    
    
    
      Comprehensive income (loss)
 $578
 
 $511
 
 $1,207
 
 $768
 
 
    
    
    
    

(1) Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities are shown net of income tax expense (benefit) of $1 and $(3) for three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities are shown net of income tax expense (benefit) of $9 and $(7) for nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 

 
 Common Stock
 
 
 Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 Treasury Stock
 
 
 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 Retained Earnings
 
 
 Total
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 $51
 
 $5,973 
 $(102)
 $(37)
 $12,962 
 $18,847 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss)
   
   
   
  15
 
   
  15
 
Vesting of restricted stock
  
 
  84
 
   
   
   
  84
 
Net income  (loss)
   
   
   
   
  331 
  331 
Balance at March 31, 2019 
  51 
  6,057 
  (102)
  (22)
  13,293 
  19,277 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss) 
   
   
   
  10 
   
  10 
Vesting of restricted stock 
  1 
  69 
   
   
   
  70 
Net income (loss)
   
   
   
   
  273 
  273 
Balance at June 30, 2019 
  52 
  6,126 
  (102)
  (12)
  13,566 
  19,630 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss)  
   
   
   
  4 
   
  4 
Vesting of restricted stock  
   
  69 
   
   
   
  69 
Net income (loss) 
    
    
    
   
  574 
  574 
Balance at September 30, 2019
 $52
 
 $6,195
 
 $(102)
 $(8)
 $14,140
 
 $20,277
 
 
 

 
 Common Stock
 
 
 Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 Treasury Stock
 
 
 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 Retained Earnings
 
 
 Total
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
 $51
 
 $5,719 
 $(102)
 $(19)
 $11,556 
 $17,205 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss)
   
   
   
  (14)
   
  (14)
Proceeds from options exercised 
  
 
  6
 
   
   
   
  6
 
Vesting of restricted stock
  
 
  117
 
   
   
   
  117 
Net income  (loss)
   
   
   
   
  (422)
  (422)
Balance at March 31, 2018 
  51 
  5,842 
  (102)
  (33)
  11,134 
  16,892 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss) 
   
   
   
  1 
   
  1 
Proceeds from options exercised
   
  6 
   
   
   
  6 
Vesting of restricted stock 
   
  69 
   
   
   
  69 
Net income (loss)
   
   
   
   
  692 
  692 
Balance at June 30, 2018 
  51 
  5,917 
  (102)
  (32)
  11,826 
  17,660 
Net unrealized holding gain (loss)  
   
   
   
  (9)
   
  (9)
Vesting of restricted stock  
   
  69 
   
   
   
  69 
Net income (loss) 
   
   
   
   
  520 
  520 
Balance at September 30, 2018
 $51
 
 $5,986 
 $(102)
 $(41)
 $12,346
 
 $18,240
 
 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

7
 
 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 $1,178
 $790
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization
  1,321
 
  840
 
Gain on sale of assets
  (30)
  (106)
Allowance for doubtful accounts
  115
 
  39
 
Stock compensation
  223
 
  256
 
Deferred taxes
  1
 
  (97)
(Increase) decrease in
    
    
Accounts receivable  - billed
 99
 
  (1,163)
Accounts receivable  - unbilled
  775
 
  (246)
Inventories
  993
 
  254
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
  (25
)
  (44)
Refundable income taxes
  783
 
  33
 
Increase (decrease) in
    
    
Accounts payable - trade
  (973)
  (674)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
  (562)
  (63
)
Deferred revenue
  358
 
  85
 
Accrued compensation
  (557)
  (409)
Accrued income taxes payable 
  
 
  339
 
Deferred buy-back lease obligation
  (201)
  5,389
 
Customer deposits
  (508)
  495
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  2,990
 
  5,718
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
    
    
Purchases of investment securities available-for-sale
  (24)
  (24)
Purchases of property and equipment
  (3,392)
  (1,737)
Deferred buy-back lease asset
  (358)
  (4,400
)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets
  145
 
  113
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
  (3,629)
  (6,048)
Cash flows from financing activities:
    
    
Proceeds from the line-of-credit construction draw 
  500 
  
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
  49
 
  350 
Repayments of long-term borrowings
  (556)
  (479)
Dividends paid on common stock
  (281)
  (256)
Proceeds from options exercised
  
 
  12
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  (288)
  (373)
Net increase (decrease) in cash
  (927
)
  (703)
Cash
    
    
Beginning of period
  1,946 
  3,390 
End of period
 $1,019
 
 $2,687
 
 
    
    
Cash payments for interest 
 $127
 
 $135
 
Cash payments for income taxes 
 $41
 
 $49
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

8

 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 1. – INTERIM FINANCIAL REPORTING
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for interim financial information, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 and Regulation S-X. Accordingly, we have condensed or omitted certain information and footnote disclosures that are included in our annual financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, summary of significant accounting policies, and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The condensed consolidated December 31, 2018 balance sheet was derived from the audited financial statements included in the Form 10-K. Dollar amounts in the footnotes are stated in thousands, except for per share data.

In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (which consist of normal, recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results disclosed in the condensed consolidated statements of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected in any future periods.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
Fair Value Measurement. In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, “Fair Value (“FV”) Measurement (Topic 820).” Among other modifications, the standard removes the requirements to disclose: (i) the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the FV hierarchy; (ii) the policy for timing transfers between levels; and (iii) the valuation process for Level 3 FV measurements. The standard will require public entities to disclose: (a) the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 FV measurements held at the end of the reporting period; and (b) the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. For certain unobservable inputs, an entity may disclose other quantitative information in lieu of the weighted average if the entity determines that other quantitative information would be a more reasonable and rational method to reflect the distribution of unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 FV measurements. The additional disclosure requirements should be applied prospectively for the most recent interim or annual period presented in the fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented. The amendments in this standard are effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, and an entity may adopt the removed or modified disclosures and delay the adoption of new disclosures until the effective date. We have not completed our assessment of the standard but we do not expect the adoption to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
 
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Leases. In 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” Topic 842 establishes a new lease accounting model for leases. The most significant changes include the clarification of the definition of a lease, the requirement for lessees to recognize for all leases a right-of-use asset and a lease liability in the consolidated balance sheet, and additional quantitative and qualitative disclosures which are designed to give financial statement users information on the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. Expenses are recognized in the consolidated statement of income in a manner similar to current accounting guidance. Lessor accounting under the new standard is substantially unchanged. We adopted this standard, and all related amendments thereto, effective January 1, 2019, using the transition approach, which applies the provisions of the new guidance at the effective date without adjusting the comparative periods presented. We have elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allows us to carry forward the historical accounting relating to lease identification and classification for existing leases upon adoption. We have made an accounting policy election to keep leases with an initial term of 12 months or less off the consolidated balance sheet. We have finalized our evaluation of the impacts that the adoption of this accounting guidance on the consolidated financial statements and initially recorded approximately $400 of right-of-use assets, included in property and equipment, and liabilities recognized in our consolidated balance sheet, amortized over the expected lives of the leases upon adoption.
 
Comprehensive Income. In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220).” This standard provides an option to reclassify stranded tax effects within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) to retained earnings due to the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate change in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. This standard was effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We did not exercise the option to make this reclassification.
 

9

  
Revenue Recognition

Product Sales - Over Time
 
Under Topic 606, the Company recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for goods or services provided. Revenue associated with contracts with customers is recognized over time as the Company's performance creates or enhances customer controlled assets or creates or enhances an asset with no alternative use, which the Company has an enforceable right to receive compensation as defined under the contract for performance completed. To determine the amount of revenue to recognize over time, the Company recognizes revenue over the contract terms based on the output method. The Company applied the "as-invoiced" practical expedient as the amount of consideration the Company has the right to invoice corresponds directly with the value of the Company's performance to date.
 
As the output method is driven by units produced, the Company recognizes revenues based on the value transferred to the customer relative to the remaining value to be transferred. The Company also matches the costs associated with the units produced. If a contract is projected to result in a loss, the entire contract loss is recognized in the period when the loss was first determined and the amount of the loss updated in subsequent reporting periods. Revenue recognition also includes an amount related to a contract asset or contract liability. If the recognized revenue is greater than the amount billed to the customer, a contract asset is recorded in 'Accounts receivable - unbilled". Conversely, if the amount billed to the customer is greater than the recognized revenue, a contract liability is recorded in "Customer deposits". Changes in the job performance, job conditions and final contract settlements are factors that influence management’s assessment of total contract value and therefore, profit and revenue recognition.
 
A portion of the work the Company performs requires financial assurances in the form of performance and payment bonds or letters of credit at the time of execution of the contract. Some contracts include retention provisions of up to 10% which are generally withheld from each progress payment as retainage until the contract work has been completed and approved.
 
Product Sales - Point in Time
 
For certain product sales that do not meet the over time criteria, under Topic 606 the Company recognizes revenue when the product has been shipped to the destination in accordance with the terms outlined in the contract where a present obligation to pay exists as the customer has gained control of the product.

Accounts Receivable and Contract Balances
 
The timing of when we bill our customers is generally dependent upon billing terms, milestone billings based on the completion of certain phases of the work, or when services are provided or products are shipped. Projects with performance obligations recognized over time that have costs and estimated earnings recognized to date in excess of cumulative billings, are reported on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as "Accounts receivable - unbilled". Projects with performance obligations recognized over time that have cumulative billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings recognized to date, are reported on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as "Customer deposits" (i.e. contract liabilities).
 
Any uncollected billed amounts for our performance obligations recognized over time, including contract retentions, are recorded within accounts receivable. At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accounts receivable included contract retentions of approximately $1,833 and $1,704, respectively.
 
Our billed and unbilled revenue may be exposed to potential credit risk if our customers should encounter financial difficulties, and we maintain reserves for specifically-identified potential uncollectible receivables. At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our allowances for doubtful accounts were $329 and $214, respectively.
  

10

 
Sale to Customer with a Buy-Back Guarantee

The Company entered into a buy-back agreement with one specific customer. Under this agreement, the Company guaranteed to buy-back product at a predetermined price at the end of the long-term project, subject to the condition of the product. Although the Company receives payment in full as the product is produced, GAAP requires these transactions to be accounted for as operating leases. The amount of sale proceeds equal to the buy-back obligation, included in "Deferred buy-back lease obligation" in the liabilities section of the consolidated balance sheet, is deferred until the buy-back is exercised or expired. The remaining sale proceeds are deferred in the same account and recognized on a straight-line basis over the usage period, such usage period commencing on delivery to the job-site and ending at the time the buy-back is exercised or expired. The Company capitalizes the cost of the product on the consolidated balance sheet shown in "Deferred buy-back lease asset, net", and depreciates the value, less residual value, to cost of leasing revenue in "Cost of goods sold" over the estimated useful life of the asset.
 
In the case the customer does not exercise the buy-back option and retains ownership of the product at the end of the usage period, the guarantee buyback liability and any deferred revenue balances related to the product are settled to revenue, and the net book value of the asset is expensed to cost of leasing revenue. If the customer exercises the buy-back guarantee option, the Company purchases the product back in the amount equal to the buyback guarantee, we settle any remaining deferred balances, in excess of the buy-back payment, to leasing revenue, and we reclassify the net book value of the product on the consolidated balance sheet to "Inventories" or "Property and equipment, net" depending on the intended use at the time. The revenue is being recognized in accordance with Topic 842, Leases.

Barrier Rentals - Leasing Fees
 
Leasing fees are paid by customers at the beginning of the lease period and are recorded as deferred revenue. The deferred revenue is then recognized each month as lease income for the duration of the lease, in accordance with Topic 842, Leases. Topic 842 is applied, as Topic 606-10-15-2 provides a scope exception for lease contracts.

Royalty Income
 
The Company licenses certain products to other precast companies to manufacture the Company's products to engineering specifications under the licensing agreements. The agreements are typically for five year terms and require royalty payments from 4% to 6% of total sales of licensed products, which are paid on a monthly basis. The revenues from licensing agreements are recognized in the month earned, in accordance with Topic 606-10-55-65.

Shipping and Installation
 
Shipping and installation revenues are recognized as a distinct performance obligation in the period the shipping and installation services are provided to the customer, in accordance with Topic 606.
 

11

 
Disaggregation of Revenue
 
In the following table, revenue is disaggregated by primary sources of revenue:
 
Revenue by Type
 
Three Months Ended September 30
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30
 
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
 
Change
 
 
% Change
 
 
 2019
 
 
 2018
 
 
 Change
 
 
%  Change
 
Soundwall Sales
 $1,736
 
 $2,334
 
 $(598)
  (26)%
 $5,790
 
 $7,339
 
 $(1,549)
  (21)%
Architectural Panel Sales
  593
 
  41
 
  552
 
  1,346%
  1,018
 
  498
 
  520
 
  104%
SlenderWall Sales
  816
 
  1,637
 
  (821)
  (50)%
  3,551
 
  4,203
 
  (652
)
  (16)%
Miscellaneous Wall Sales
  474
 
  87
 
  387
 
  445%
  1,243
 
  846
 
  397
 
  47%
Barrier Sales
  1,921
 
  1,749
 
  172
 
  10%
  5,329
 
  5,624
 
  (295)
  (5)%
Easi-Set and Easi-Span Building Sales
  2,468
 
  496
 
  1,972
 
  398%
  4,837
 
  1,557
 
  3,280
 
  211%
Utility Sales
  471
 
  429
 
  42
 
  10%
  1,228
 
  890
 
  338
 
  38%
Miscellaneous Sales
  110
 
  55
 
  55
 
 100%
  424
 
  267
 
  157
 
  59%
Total Product Sales
  8,589
 
  6,828
 
  1,761
 
  26%
  23,420
 
  21,224
 
  2,196
 
  10%
Barrier Rentals
  625
 
  540
 
  85
 
  16%
  1,787
 
  1,188
 
  599
 
  50%
Royalty Income
  427
 
  465
 
  (38)
  (8)%
  1,162
 
  1,193
 
  (31
)
  (3)%
Shipping and Installation Revenue
  3,568
 
  1,711
 
  1,857
 
  109%
  7,880
 
  4,897
 
  2,983
 
  61%
Total Service Revenue
  4,620
 
  2,716
 
  1,904
 
  70%
  10,829
 
  7,278
 
  3,551
 
  49%
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Total Revenue
 $13,209
 
 $9,544
 
 $3,665
 
  38%
 $34,249
 $28,502
 
 $5,747
 
  20%
 
Warranties

The Company's products are typically sold pursuant to an implicit warranty as to merchantability only. Warranty claims are reviewed and resolved on a case by case method. Although the Company does incur costs for these types of expense, historically the amount of expense is minimal.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Segment Reporting

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company currently operates in one operating and reportable business segment for financial reporting purposes.
 

12

 
Reclassifications of Certain Items Included within Comparable Prior Year Periods and Previous Current Year Interim Periods

Certain minor reclassifications have been made to prior year balances to conform to current year presentation, including separation of current and non-current portion of deferred revenue and deferred buy-back lease obligation.
NOTE 2. – NET INCOME PER SHARE

Basic earnings per common share exclude all common stock equivalents, primarily restricted stock awards, and is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The diluted earnings per common share calculation reflects the potential dilutive effect of securities that could share in earnings of the Company. As of September 30, 2019, there are no outstanding stock options. For periods prior to September 30, 2019 outstanding options were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation when they would have an anti-dilutive effect. Earnings per share are calculated as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
 
 2019
 
 
 2018
 
Basic income per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 $574
 
 $520
 
 $1,178
 
 $790
 
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average shares outstanding
  5,134 
  5,080
 
  5,134
 
  5,078
 
 
    
    
    
    
Basic income per share
 $0.11
 
 $0.10
 
 $0.23
 
 $0.16
 
 
    
    
    
    
Diluted income per share
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Net income
 $574
 
 $520
 
 $1,178
 
 $790
 
 
    
    
    
    
  Weighted average shares outstanding
  5,134 
  5,080
 
  5,134
 
  5,078
 
    Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock
  4
 
  19
 
  4
 
  20
 
 
    
    
    
    
  Total weighted average shares outstanding
  5,138
 
  5,099
 
  5,138
 
  5,098
 
 
    
    
    
    
    Diluted income per share
 $0.11
 
 $0.10
 
 $0.23
 
 $0.15
 
 
 
13
 
 
NOTE 3. – NOTES PAYABLE
 
The Company has a mortgage note payable to Summit Community Bank (the “Bank”), with a balance of $590 as of September 30, 2019. The note has a maturity date of September 20, 2021 and a fixed interest rate of 3.99% annually with monthly payments of $26 and is secured by principally all of the assets of the Company. Under the terms of the note, the Bank will permit chattel mortgages on purchased equipment not to exceed $250 for any one individual loan so long as the Company is not in default. 
 
The Company has a mortgage note payable to the Bank for the the purchase of the Columbia, South Carolina facility. Such loan is evidenced by a promissory note dated July 19, 2016. The note provides for a 15 year term, a fixed annual interest rate of 5.29%, monthly fixed payments of $11 and a security interest in favor of the Bank in respect to the land, building and fixtures purchased with the proceeds of the loan. The balance of the loan at September 30, 2019 was $1,120.
 
The Company additionally has 13 smaller installment loans with annual interest rates between 2.94% and 5.75%, maturing between 2020 and 2024, with varying balances totaling $1,287.
 
Under the loan covenants with the Bank, the Company is limited to annual capital expenditures of $3,500 excluding the North Carolina and Virginia plant expansions. The Company is in compliance with all covenants pursuant to the loan agreements as of September 30, 2019.
 
In addition to the notes payable discussed above, the Company had a $4,000 line-of-credit with the Bank that had a balance of $1,500 at September 30, 2019 used to fund the construction of the North Carolina expansion, which was paid in full and converted to long-term debt when the Company closed the financing on October 11, 2019. See Note 5 - Subsequent Event below. Also, on October 11, 2019 the Company received a Commitment Letter from the Bank to provide a line-of-credit in the amount of $4,000 and is expecting to complete the renewal by the end of 2019.
  
NOTE 4. – STOCK COMPENSATION
 
The fair value of restricted stock awards is estimated to be the market price of the Company's common stock at the close of the date of grant. Restricted stock activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is as follows:

 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
  69,500 
 $5.19 
Granted
  2,000 
  7.43
 
Vested
  (21,667)
  (5.63)
Forfeited
   
   
 
    
    
Non-vested, end of period
  49,833 
 $5.15 

Awards are amortized to expense ratably, on an annual basis, over a three year vesting term, except one grant in January 2019 for 2,000 shares of restricted stock, and one grant in January 2018 for 2,500 shares of restricted stock, which both vested upon grant. There was stock compensation expense of approximately $223 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and $256 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The total unrecognized compensation cost as of September 30, 2019 related to the non-vested restricted stock is approximately $64.
 
NOTE 5. – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
On October 11, 2019, the Company closed on the financing of the North Carolina expansion project with a $2,228 promissory note with the Bank. The loan is collateralized by a first lien position on the North Carolina property, building, and assets. The interest rate per the Promissory Note Rate Conversation Agreement is fixed at 3.64% per annum, with principal and interest payments payable monthly over 120 months in the amount of $22. The loan matures on October 10, 2029. Under the loan covenants with the Bank, the Company is limited to annual capital expenditures of $3,500 excluding the North Carolina and Virginia plant expansions.


14
 
ITEM 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report and related documents include “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act 1934. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which could cause the Company’s actual results, performance (financial or operating), or achievements expressed or implied by such forward looking statements not to occur or be realized. Such forward looking statements generally are based upon the Company’s best estimates of future results, performance or achievement, based upon current conditions and the most recent results of operations. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “continue,” or similar terms, variations of those terms or the negative of those terms. Potential risks and uncertainties include, among other things, such factors as:

While the Company was profitable for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and for the three quarters of 2019, there are no assurances that the Company can remain profitable in future periods,
 
our debt level increased in 2018 and in the first nine months of 2019, and our ability to satisfy the same cannot be assured,
 
the continued availability of financing in the amounts, at the times, and on the terms required, to support our future business and capital projects,
 
the extent to which we are successful in developing, acquiring, licensing or securing patents for proprietary products,
 
changes in economic conditions specific to any one or more of our markets (including the availability of public funds and grants for construction),
 
the highly competitive nature of our industry and our ability to effectively compete,
 
changes in general economic conditions in the Company’s primary service areas,

the ability to generate sufficient revenues to justify our expansion of manufacturing facilities,
 
adverse weather, which inhibits the demand for our products,
 
our compliance with governmental regulations,
 
the outcome of future litigation, if any,
 
our contract backlog,
 
on material construction projects, our ability to produce and install product that conforms to contract specifications and in a time frame that meets the contract requirements,
 
the cyclical nature of the construction industry,
 
our exposure to increased interest expense payments should interest rates change,
 
the Company’s Board of Directors, which is composed of five members, has two only outside, independent directors, and
 
the other factors and information disclosed and discussed in other sections of this Report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

Investors and shareholders should carefully consider such risks, uncertainties and other information, disclosures and discussions which contain cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those provided in the forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 

15
 
  
Overview

The Company invents, develops, manufactures, markets, leases, licenses, sells, and installs a broad array of precast concrete products for use primarily in the construction, highway, utilities and farming industries. The Company's customers are primarily general contractors and federal, state, and local transportation authorities located in the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, Midwestern regions and parts of the Southeastern region of the United States. The Company's operating strategy has involved producing innovative and proprietary products, including SlenderWall™, a patented, lightweight, energy efficient concrete and steel exterior insulated wall panel for use in building construction; J-J Hooks® Highway Safety Barrier, a positive-connected highway safety barrier; Sierra Wall, a sound barrier primarily for roadside use; and Easi-Set® transportable concrete buildings, also patented. In addition, the Company produces custom order precast concrete products with various architectural surfaces, as well as generic highway sound barriers, utility vaults, and farm products such as cattleguards.
    
The Company was incorporated in Delaware on August 2, 1994. Prior to a corporate reorganization completed in October 1994, the Company conducted its business primarily through Smith-Midland Virginia, which was incorporated in 1960 as Smith Cattleguard Company, a Virginia corporation, and subsequently changed its name to Smith-Midland Corporation in 1985. The Company’s principal offices are located at 5119 Catlett Road, Midland, Virginia 22728 and its telephone number is (540) 439-3266. As used in this report, unless the context otherwise requires, the term the “Company” refers to Smith-Midland Corporation and its subsidiaries.
 
           The Company had (in thousands) net income of $331 for the first quarter 2019, net income of $273 for the second quarter 2019, and net income of $574 for the third quarter 2019, resulting in net income of $1,178 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The cost of goods sold as a percent of revenue, not including royalties, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 was 83% and 82%, respectively, as compared to 77% and 79% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The increase in cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue, not including royalties, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, is mainly due to the increase in shipping and installation which typically have lower margins than product sales. In addition, the Company continues to have competitive pricing pressure along with increased wage and labor costs. Total sales for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 were $13,209 and $34,249, respectively, compared to $9,544 and $28,502 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The increase was mainly from Easi-Set building sales, barrier rentals, which were impacted favorably from the deferred buy-back revenue recognition, and the significant increase in shipping and installation revenue. With respect to the barrier customer contract described in Note 1 ("Sale to Customer with a Buy-Back Guarantee"), although barrier product sales from this contract are not being recognized, the Company is recognizing barrier rental revenue which will continue through the life of the customer's project. Accordingly, once all product is delivered to this customer, the Company will nonetheless continue to recognize the net profits from this project until the buy-back option is either exercised or expired. Delivery of product commenced in the second quarter of 2018 and is expected to be completed by the middle of 2020. The buy-back option expires when the customer completes the project utilizing the barrier, which is expected to be in 2022. Thus, whereas the Company will likely have completed its production and delivery/installation obligations in 2020, it will nonetheless continue to recognize net profits through 2022. Management expects total sales for the year 2019 to surpass 2018 annual sales, although no assurance can be given.
  

16

 
Results of Operations (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018  
 
Revenue includes product sales, barrier rentals, royalty income, and shipping and installation revenues. Product sales are further divided into soundwall, architectural and SlenderWall™ panels, miscellaneous wall panels, highway barrier, Easi-Set® and Easi-Span® buildings, utility products, and miscellaneous precast products. The following table summarizes the sales by product type and comparison for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.
 
Revenue by Type (Disaggregated Revenue)
 
Three Months Ended September 30
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30
 
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
 
Change
 
 
% Change
 
 
 2019
 
 
 2018
 
 
 Change
 
 
%  Change
 
Soundwall Sales
 $1,736
 
 $2,334
 
 $(598)
  (26)%
 $5,790
 
 $7,339
 
 $(1,549)
  (21)%
Architectural Panel Sales
  593
 
  41
 
  552
 
  1,346%
  1,018
 
  498
 
  520
 
  104%
SlenderWall Sales
  816
 
  1,637
 
  (821)
  (50)%
  3,551
 
  4,203
 
  (652
)
  (16)%
Miscellaneous Wall Sales
  474
 
  87
 
  387
 
  445%
  1,243
 
  846
 
  397
 
  47%
Barrier Sales
  1,921
 
  1,749
 
  172
 
  10%
  5,329
 
  5,624
 
  (295)
  (5)%
Easi-Set and Easi-Span Building Sales
  2,468
 
  496
 
  1,972
 
  398%
  4,837
 
  1,557
 
  3,280
 
  211%
Utility Sales
  471
 
  429
 
  42
 
  10%
  1,228
 
  890
 
  338
 
  38%
Miscellaneous Sales
  110
 
  55
 
  55
 
 100%
  424
 
  267
 
  157
  59%
Total Product Sales
  8,589
 
  6,828
 
  1,761
 
  26%
  23,420
 
  21,224
 
  2,196
 
  10%
Barrier Rentals
  625
 
  540
 
  85
 
  16%
  1,787
 
  1,188
 
  599
 
  50%
Royalty Income
  427
 
  465
 
  (38)
  (8)%
  1,162
 
  1,193
 
  (31
)
  (3)%
Shipping and Installation Revenue
  3,568
 
  1,711
 
  1,857
 
  109%
  7,880
 
  4,897
 
  2,983
 
  61%
Total Service Revenue
  4,620
 
  2,716
 
  1,904
 
  70%
  10,829
 
  7,278
 
  3,551
 
  49%
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Total Revenue
 $13,209
 
 $9,544
 
 $3,665
 
  38%
 $34,249
 
 $28,502
 
 $5,747
 
  20%
 
Soundwall Sales - Soundwall sales decreased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 when compared to the same periods in 2018. The decrease for the three and nine month period in soundwall sales is mainly attributed to the reduction of orders associated with soundwall production at the North Carolina and South Carolina plants in the three and nine months of 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. The Virginia plant continues to have strong soundwall production, which is expected to continue into 2020. Management expects soundwall sales to remain similar to the first three quarters of 2019 during the fourth quarter 2019, although no assurance can be given.

Architectural Panel Sales - Architectural panel sales increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. The Company had two small architectural panel projects in production during the third quarter 2019, while there was minimal production in the third quarter 2018. There will be lower arhitectural panel production during the fourth quarter of 2019, and management expects production to increase during the first quarter 2020. Architectural panel sales continue to be a smaller complimentary product to the Company's high profile proprietary product SlenderWall.

SlenderWallTM - SlenderWall panel sales decreased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the same periods in 2018. SlenderWall sales are generated on a project basis, and success is determined by the number and dollar value of projects awarded and produced in any particular period. The Company finished producing a major SlenderWall project during the first quarter 2019, while only producing a couple smaller projects during the second and third quarters 2019. The Company continues to focus sales initiatives for SlenderWall with the hiring of a regional sales manager for the proprietary product.
 

17

 
Miscellaneous Wall Sales - Miscellaneous wall sales increased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. The Company has recently been awarded various miscellaneous wall panel projects with production expected to continue into 2020. Management expects miscellaenous wall sales to increase in the fourth quarter 2019 with it still remaining a smaller portion of revenue, although no assurance can be given.
 
Barrier Sales - Barrier sales increased during the three month period ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018, and decreased during the nine month period ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018. Although barrier production decreased during the more recent nine month period, the Company completed production of its largest barrier order ever during the second quarter of 2019. A portion of barrier production is not being recognized as barrier sales due to the guaranteed buy-back agreement with a customer; instead the Company is recognizing the income as barrier rental revenue over the duration of the project, for which deliveries began in the second quarter of 2018 and are expected to be completed by the middle of 2020. Accordingly, during and after product delivery to this customer, the Company will recognize the revenue as barrier rental revenue until the buy-back option is either exercised by the customer, or expired, which is expected to be in 2022. Thus, whereas the Company is likely to have completed its production and delivery of all product in 2020, it will recognize net profits through 2022. Management expects barrier sales to increase for the fourth quarter 2019 with a large order recently awarded with production occuring during the fourth quarter of 2019. Beyond 2019, future barrier sales growth is expected with the new MASH TL3 requirements which the Company product line can satisfy, although no assurance can be given.
 
Easi-Set® and Easi-Span® Building Sales - Building and restroom sales increased significantly for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. The Company has recently seen competitive pricing pressure in certain building and restroom sales. The Company had a short-term increase in building sales during the third quarter 2019 with a large building and restroom order from the Columbia, South Carolina plant that was produced, shipped, and installed all during such quarter. Management expects building and restroom sales to be lower in the fourth quarter 2019 compared to the third quarter 2019.
 
Utility Sales - Utility and farm products sales increased in the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. Utility products are tied closely with infrastructure spending by federal, state and local governments. The Company continues to bid on utility projects and is competitive on larger quantities, although there are competitors who specialize in lower priced utility products. Management believes utility product sales will remain at the current level for the remainder of 2019.
 
Miscellaneous Sales - Miscellaneous sales are items sold that do not meet the criteria defined for other revenue categories. Miscellaneous sales increased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. Management believes that miscellaneous product sales will remain low for the remainder of the year.
 
Barrier Rentals - Barrier rentals increased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. The increase is mainly due to the recognition of revenue associated with the guaranteed buy-back agreement deferral. The Company's core barrier rental fleet also showed an increase for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. With the Company expanding the barrier rental services, management believes it has the potential to increase barrier rental revenue during 2020 and future years, as the outlays for infrastructure spending by federal and state governments are expected to continue to increase. As stated above in Barrier Sales, barrier rental revenue will continue to be positively effected for future periods due to the accounting treatment afforded to the guaranteed buy-back agreement with a customer.
 
Royalty Income - Royalties slightly decreased for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018. Royalties for buildings increased and royalties for barrier remained flat for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same period for 2018. SlenderWall royalties for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 lag behind the same period in 2018, as projects can be multi-year initiatives. Management continues to seek new licensee opportunities to expand product offerings around the world. With continued construction and infrastructure spending, management believes 2019 royalty revenue will be similar to 2018, although no assurance can be given.
 
Shipping and Installation - Shipping revenue results from shipping our products to the customers' final destination and is recognized when the shipping services take place. Installation activities include installation of our products at the customers’ construction sites. Installation revenue is recognized when attaching architectural and SlenderWall panels to a building, installing an Easi-Set® building at customers' sites or setting any of our other precast products at a site specific to the requirements of the owner. Shipping and installation revenue increased significantly for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019, compared to the same periods in 2018. The increase is mainly derived from shipping and installation associated with barrier, barrier rental deliveries, buildings and SlenderWall installation and deliveries, which increased significantly in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the first nine months of 2018. The Company continues to expand shipping and installation services through products such as barrier and barrier rentals.
 

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Cost of Goods Sold - Total cost of goods sold, as a percentage of total revenue, not including royalties, was 83% for the three months ended September 30, 2019, an increase from 77% for the same period in 2018. Total cost of goods sold, as a percentage of total revenue, not including royalties, was 82% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, an increase from 79% for the same period in 2018. The increase is mainly due to the increase in shipping and installation which typically have lower margins than product sales. Shipping costs have also been increasing due to the demand and difficulty obtaining subcontracted drivers to haul our products. The cost of goods sold was also impacted by increased wages and the associated labor costs, and flat selling prices for certain products due to competitive pricing pressure. The Company expects labor costs to continue to increase and raw material prices to slightly increase during the remainder of 2019, although it has had slight decreases in steel prices.
 
General and Administrative Expenses - For the three months ended September 30, 2019 the Company's general and administrative expenses decreased by $181 to $1,123 from $1,305 during the same period in 2018, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 the Company's general and administrative expenses decreased by $585 to $3,474 from $4,059. The decreased general and administrative expenses for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 is mainly attributed to an administrative staffing reduction, as compared to the same periods in 2018. General and administrative expense as a percentage of total revenue was 10% and 14% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 
Selling Expenses - Selling expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2019 increased to $717 from $624 for the same period in 2018. Selling expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 slightly increased to $1,924 from $1,913 for the same period in 2018. As the Company grows, additional selling expenses will be incurred. Management expects selling expenses to increase for the year 2019 as compared to 2018.
 
Operating Income - The Company had operating income for the three month period ended September 30, 2019 of $753 compared to operating income of $664 for the same period in 2018. The Company had operating income for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019 of $1,573 compared to operating income of $1,023 for the same period in 2018. The increase in operating income for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018 is mainly due to the reduction in general and administrative expenses.
 
Interest Expense - Interest expense was $43 and $44 for the three month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Interest expense was $127 and $135 for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company expects interest expense to slightly increase for the full year 2019, as compared to the full year 2018, due to the debt financing on the North Carolina expansion project.
 
Income Tax Expense - The Company had an income tax expense of $179 with an effective rate of 24% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 compared to income tax expense of $172 with an effective rate of 25% for the same period in 2018. The Company had an income tax expense of $364 with an effective rate of 24% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to income tax expense of $262 with an effective tax rate of 25% for the same period in 2018.
 
Net Income - The Company had net income of $574 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared to net income of $520 for the same period in 2018. The basic and diluted income per share was $0.11 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, and the basic and diluted income per share was $0.10 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The Company had net income of $1,178 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to net income of $790 for the same period in 2018. The basic and diluted income per share was $0.23 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, and the basic and diluted income per share was $0.16 and $0.15, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources (dollar amounts in thousands)
 
The Company financed its capital expenditures and operating requirements for the first nine months of 2019 primarily from cash balances and the line-of-credit construction draws. The Company had $2,997 of debt obligations at September 30, 2019, of which $733 was scheduled to mature within twelve months, along with the line of credit balance of $1,500. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company made repayments of outstanding debt in the amount of $556 and received $49 in proceeds of borrowings for the financing of a vehicle. The Company had draws on the line of credit of $500 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
 
The Company has a mortgage note payable to Summit Community Bank (the “Bank”) with a balance of $590 as of September 30, 2019. The note has a maturity date of September 20, 2021 and a fixed interest rate of 3.99% annually with monthly payments of $26 and is secured by principally all of the assets of the Company. Under the terms of the note, the Bank will permit chattel mortgages on purchased equipment not to exceed $250 for any one individual loan so long as the Company is not in default. 
 
The Company has a mortgage note payable to the Bank for the the purchase of the Columbia, South Carolina facility. Such loan is evidenced by a promissory note, dated July 19, 2016. The note provides for a 15 year term, a fixed annual interest rate of 5.29%, monthly fixed payments of $11 and a security interest in favor of the Bank in respect to the land, building and fixtures purchased with the proceeds of the loan. The balance of the loan at September 30, 2019 was $1,120.
 
The Company additionally has 13 smaller installment loans with annual interest rates between 2.94% and 5.29%, maturing between 2020 and 2024, with varying balances totaling $1,287.
 
Under the loan covenants with the Bank, the Company is limited to annual capital expenditures of $3,500, excluding the deferred buy-back lease asset. The Company is in compliance with all covenants pursuant to the loan agreements.
 
In addition to the notes payable discussed above, the Company had a $4,000 line of credit with the Bank that had a balance of $1,500 at September 30, 2019 used to fund the construction of the North Carolina expansion, which was paid in full and converted to long-term debt on October 11, 2019. On October 11, 2019, the Company closed on the financing of the North Carolina expansion project with a $2,228 promissory note with the Bank. The loan is collateralized by a first lien position on the North Carolina property, building, and assets. The interest rate per the Promissory Note Rate Conversion Agreement is fixed at 3.64% per annum, with principal and interest payments payable monthly over 120 months in the amount of $22. The loan matures on October 10, 2029. Under the loan covenants with the Bank, the Company is limited to annual capital expenditures of $3,500. Also on October 11, 2019, the Company received a Commitment Letter from the Bank to provide a line of credit in the amount of $4,000 and is expecting to complete the renewal by the end of 2019.
 
At September 30, 2019, the Company had cash totaling $1,019 and investment securities totaling $1,170, compared to cash totaling $1,946 and investment securities totaling $1,107 at December 31, 2018. Investment securities at September 30, 2019 consist of shares of USVAX (a Virginia Bond Fund). The decrease in cash is primarily the result of the purchase of capital expenditures for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the balance at December 31, 2018.
 
Capital spending for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 totaled $3,392, as compared to $1,737 for the same period in 2018. The 2019 expenditures were mainly for the North Carolina plant expansion and rental barrier, along with yard and manufacturing equipment. The Company plans to make additional capital purchases of approximately $1,000 over the remainder of the year. The additional 2019 expenditures are expected to be for rental barrier, land improvements, and miscellaneous manufacturing equipment.
 
The Company received approval from the Bank for the financing of the North Carolina expansion and for additional land expansions at the Virginia manufacturing plant. The expansions are excluded from the capital expenditure limitations in the loan agreements with the Bank. See "North Carolina Plant Expansion" below.
 
The Company's two mortgage notes payable are financed at fixed rates of interest. This leaves the Company almost impervious to fluctuating interest rates. Increases in such rates will only slightly affect the interest paid by the Company on an annual basis. Approximately 95% of the Company's debt obligations are financed at a fixed interest rate so that each 1% increase in the interest rates of the Company’s outstanding debt will reduce income by approximately $2 annually.
 

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The Company’s cash flow from operations is affected by production schedules set by contractors, which generally provide for payment 35 to 90 days after the products are produced and with some architectural contracts, retainage may be held until the entire project is completed. This payment schedule may result in liquidity problems for the Company because it must bear a portion of the cost of production before it receives payment from its customers. The Company’s average days sales outstanding (DSO), excluding the effect of unbilled revenue, was 90 days for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to 76 days for the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase in DSO is mainly due to retainage being withheld on multiple large projects. Although no assurances can be given, the Company believes that anticipated cash flow from operations and the availability under the lines of credits will be sufficient to finance the Company’s operations for at least the next 12 months.
 
The Company’s inventory was $2,567 at September 30, 2019 and $3,560 at December 31, 2018, or a decrease of $993. The decrease in inventory is due to sales of finished goods on hand at December 31, 2018 and the decrease in raw materials for use in production during the first nine months of 2019. Inventory turnover was 11.3, annualized for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to 12.3, annualized for the same period in 2018.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company’s critical accounting policies are more fully described in its Summary of Accounting Policies to the Company’s consolidated financial statements on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. There have been no changes as of September 30, 2019.

Seasonality

The Company services the construction industry primarily in areas of the United States where construction activity may be inhibited by adverse weather during the winter. As a result, the Company may experience reduced revenues from December through February and realize a more significant part of its revenues during the other months of the year. The Company may experience lower profits, or losses, during the winter months, and as such, must have sufficient working capital to fund its operations at a reduced level until the spring construction season. The failure to generate or obtain sufficient working capital during the winter may have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Inflation

Raw material costs for the Company, cement, steel, aggregates, and other direct materials used in production have remained flat for the first nine months of 2019. The Company anticipates raw material prices will increase over the remainder of 2019, although no assurance can be given regarding future pricing.

Sales Backlog

As of November 1, 2019, the Company’s sales backlog was approximately $28.5 million, as compared to approximately $31.0 million at the same time in 2018. The decrease is mainly due to the large orders booked in early 2018 combined with competitive pricing pressure on recent bids. It is estimated that majority of the projects in the sales backlog will be produced within 12 months, with a portion extending several years. 

North Carolina Plant Expansion

The Company currently owns 46 acres on which it substantially completed the process of building a 15,000 square foot manufacturing plant with additional space for future expansion in North Carolina. This expansion cost approximately $3,300 and will provide the Company with the ability to increase production while adding storage capacity. The project is funded through bank financing and cash. The initial production in the new facility commenced during the third quarter 2019, with the full manufacturing operations moving from the current facility to the new facility in mid 2020. The current North Carolina facility will remain open and support operations, with future use undetermined at this time. There can be no assurance as to the transition timetable, full completion, or success of this project.
 
 
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ITEM 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Not Applicable
ITEM 4.    Controls and Procedures

(a)      Disclosure controls and procedures

The Company carried out our evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report, pursuant to Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  Based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective at September 30, 2019.

(b)      Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended September 30, 2019 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.
 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    Legal Proceedings

The Company is not presently involved in any litigation of a material nature.
ITEM 1A.    Risk Factors

Not required
ITEM 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None
ITEM 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None
 

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ITEM 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

 Not applicable
ITEM 5.    Other Information

None

ITEM 6.    Exhibits
 
 
 
Exhibit No.
 
Exhibit Description
 
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
Certification pursuant 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adapted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
 
 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SMITH-MIDLAND CORPORATION
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
November 7, 2019
By:
/s/ Ashley B. Smith
 
 
 
 
Ashley B. Smith, Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
November 7, 2019
By:
/s/ Adam J. Krick
 
 
 
 
Adam J. Krick, Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
(Principal Financial Officer) 
 
 

 
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