20-F 1 d262126d20f.htm FORM 20-F Form 20-F
http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherAssetsNoncurrent2028-04-302024-06-30http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrent0001734107falsehttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesCurrentOrdinary sharestrueFY0.1389http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#Liabilitieshttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#Liabilitieshttp://www.corp.sohu.com/20211231#OtherLongTermLiabilitieshttp://www.corp.sohu.com/20211231#OtherLongTermLiabilitieshttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#Liabilitieshttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#LiabilitiesP12MFor details see Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Accounts Receivable, Net - Allowance of credit losses.Includes the financial results of the discontinued operations from January 1, 2019 to August 12, 2019.Includes the financial results of the discontinued operations from January 1, 2021 to September 23, 2021.Expenses generated from marketing services among the Sohu and Sogou, and leasing expenses generated from a building that Sohu leases to Sogou are not eliminated because those expenses are considered to continue after the disposal of the discontinued operations.Total depreciation and amortization expenses of Sohu and Changyou were $50.7 million and $16.4 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2019.Total depreciation and amortization expenses of Sohu and Changyou were $23.4 million and $12.6 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2021.Total depreciation and amortization expenses of Sohu and Changyou were $26.4 million and $13.5 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2020.“SBC” stands for share-based compensation expense. The elimination for segment assets mainly consists of elimination of intra-Group loans between Sohu and Changyou, and elimination of long-term investments in subsidiaries and consolidated VIEs. The contingent liability represents the aggregate of estimated potential payments to third parties in connection with the liquidation of Shanghai Jingmao. The stated amount of the contingent liability reflects Changyou’s best estimate as of December 31, 2020 and 2021 pursuant to ASC 450-20. Changyou may revise this estimate in the future based on developments in PRC bankruptcy court proceedings regarding.In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Sohu Group recognized impairment losses of $23.2 million for equity investments.The reversal of income tax for preferential income tax rates that Changyou’s subsidiaries and VIEs were entitled to as KNSEs or Software Enterprises for 2019, 2020 and 2021 was included in the “Effect of tax holidays applicable to subsidiaries and consolidated VIEs” in the above table.The revised policy was adopted to facilitate the distribution of a special cash dividend in the aggregate amount of approximately $500.0 million that was declared by Changyou’s Board of Directors on April 5, 2018. The change for 2020 was mainly due to additional income withholding tax of $88 million that was recognized in the second quarter of 2020 due to a revised policy with respect to Changyou’s PRC subsidiaries regarding their distribution of cash dividends.The aggregated intrinsic value in the preceding table represents the difference between Sohu’s closing ADS price of $16.28 on December 31, 2021 and the nominal exercise price of the options.The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 using the modified retrospective transition approach. The adjustments arising from the new CECL model are recognized in the opening Consolidated Balance Sheet on January 1, 2020.Sogou leases from Sohu, on an arms-length basis, office space at Sohu.com Internet Plaza under a lease that expires on December 31, 2022 and may be renewed subject to terms to be agreed to by Sohu and Sogou. The cash receipts from this lease within operating activities for 2021, 2020 and 2019 were $12.3 million, $12.1 million and $8.4 million, respectively.The increase for 2021 compared to 2020 and the decrease for 2020 compared to 2019 were mainly due to income earned from investments in financial instruments.The changes in the effective tax rate for the period ended September 23, 2021 resulted from the lower income from discontinued operations before income tax expense.Shanghai Jingmao. In 2021, Changyou received $9.4 million from the bankruptcy proceedings, as a creditor of Shanghai Jingmao, during the process of the liquidation of Shanghai Jingmao. 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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM
20-F
 
 
(Mark One)
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number:
001-38511
 
 
SOHU.COM LIMITED
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
Cayman Islands
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
Level 18, Sohu.com Media Plaza
Block 3, No. 2 Kexueyuan South Road, Haidian District
Beijing 100190
People’s Republic of China
(Address of principal executive offices)
Joanna Lv
Chief Financial Officer
Level 18, Sohu.com Media Plaza
Block 3, No. 2 Kexueyuan South Road, Haidian District
Beijing 100190
Telephone: (011)
8610-
6272
6666
Email:
IR@sohu-inc.com
(Name, Telephone, Email and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
(Title of each class)
 
(Trading Symbol(s))
 
(Name of each exchange on which registered)
American Depositary Shares, each representing one ordinary share, par value US$0.001 per share
 
SOHU
 
The NASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None
 
 
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report: 38,220,845 ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share, as of December 31, 2021.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  ☐    Yes   ☒ No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  ☐    Yes   ☒ No
Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  ☒    Yes   ☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  ☒    Yes   ☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ☐                Accelerated
filer
  ☒                Non-accelerated
filer  ☐                Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
 
The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing.

 
U.S. GAAP ☒
 
International Financial Reporting Standards as
issued by the International Accounting Standards Board  ☐
 
Other  ☐
If “other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.  ☐    Item 17  ☐    Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).  ☐    Yes      No
(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.  ☐    Yes  ☐    No
 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
     1  
   
     2  
   
        
     
Item 1.
  Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers      3  
Item 2.
  Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable      3  
Item 3.
  Key Information      3  
Item 4.
  Information on the Company      59  
Item 4A.
  Unresolved Staff Comments      102  
Item 5.
  Operating and Financial Review and Prospects      102  
Item 6.
  Directors, Senior Management and Employees      117  
Item 7.
  Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions      124  
Item 8.
  Financial Information      129  
Item 9.
  The Offer and Listing      129  
Item 10.
  Additional Information      129  
Item 11.
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      140  
Item 12.
  Description of Securities Other than Equity Securities      141  
   
        
     
Item 13.
  Defaults, Dividend Arrearages and Delinquencies      142  
Item 14.
  Material Modifications to the Rights of Security Holders and Use of Proceeds      142  
Item 15.
  Controls and Procedures      142  
Item 16A.
  Audit Committee Financial Expert      143  
Item 16B.
  Code of Ethics      143  
Item 16C.
  Principal Accountant Fees and Services      143  
Item 16D.
  Exemptions from the Listing Standards for Audit Committees      144  
Item 16E.
  Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers      144  
Item 16F.
  Change in Registrant’s Certifying Accountant      144  
Item 16G.
  Corporate Governance      144  
Item 16H.
  Mine Safety Disclosure      144  
Item 16I.
  Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections      144  
   
        
     
Item 17.
  Financial Statements      144  
Item 18.
  Financial Statements      144  
Item 19.
  Exhibits      146  
   
     152  
 

Introduction
In this annual report, except where the context otherwise requires and for purposes of this annual report only:
 
   
“we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” “our Group,” the “Sohu Group,” the “Group,” and “Sohu” refer to Sohu.com Limited (or our predecessor Sohu.com Inc., as applicable) and, unless the context requires otherwise, include its subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”). As described elsewhere in this annual report, we do not own the VIEs, and the results of the VIEs’ operations only accrue to us through contractual arrangements between the VIEs, and the VIEs’ nominee shareholders, and certain of our subsidiaries. Accordingly, in appropriate contexts we will describe the VIEs’ activities separately from those of our direct and indirect owned subsidiaries and our use of the terms “we,” “us,” and “our” may not include the VIEs in those contexts. Sohu.com Inc., a Delaware corporation, was dissolved on May 31, 2018 and Sohu.com Limited, which before then was a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Sohu.com Inc., replaced Sohu.com Inc. as the
top-tier,
publicly-traded holding company of the Sohu Group. See “Information on the Company-History and Development of the Company” in Item 4 of this annual report.
 
   
“ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents one ordinary share, par value $0.001 per share;
 
   
“Changyou” refers to Changyou.com Limited, a Cayman Islands exempted company, and unless the context requires otherwise, includes its subsidiaries and VIEs;
 
   
“China,” the “PRC,” or “Mainland China” refers to the People’s Republic of China, and for the purpose of this annual report, excludes Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan;
 
   
“HNTE” refers to high and new technology enterprises;
 
   
“IVAS” refers to our Internet value-added services;
 
   
“IPO” refers to an initial public offering;
 
   
“KNSE” refers to key national software enterprises;
 
   
“Legacy TLBB Mobile” refers to a mobile game that Changyou developed based on the title and characters of Tian Long Ba Bu, which is operated by Tencent under license from Changyou and was launched in May 2017;
 
   
“Memorandum and Articles of Association” refers to our Amended and Restated Memorandum of Association and our Amended and Restated Articles of Association;
 
   
“MMORPGs” refers to massively multiplayer online role-playing games;
 
   
“Offshore” refers to nations and territories outside of Mainland China, and for this purpose includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan;
 
   
“PC games” refers to interactive online games that may be accessed and played simultaneously by hundreds of thousands of game players through personal computers with local game
client-end
access software installation requirements. In previous annual reports, we have sometimes used the terms “MMOGs” and “MMORPGs” when referring to these
client-end
installed games played through personal computers;
 
   
“PRC GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles of the PRC;
 
   
“RMB” refers to the Renminbi, which is the legal currency of China;
 
   
“Sogou” refers to Sogou Inc., a Cayman Islands exempted company, and unless the context requires otherwise, includes its subsidiaries and VIEs;
 
   
“Tencent” refers to Tencent Holdings Limited and its subsidiaries under International Financial Reporting Standards;
 
   
“Tian Long Ba Bu,” refers to the popular novel of that name by the famous Chinese writer Louis Cha;
 
   
“TLBB” or “TLBB PC” refers to the PC game developed based on the title and characters of Tian Long Ba Bu;
 
   
“TLBB 3D” refers to a mobile game that was developed based on the title and characters of Tian Long Ba Bu;
 
1

   
“TLBB Honor” refers to another mobile game that was developed based on the title and characters of Tian Long Ba Bu, which adopts an innovative portrait interface;
 
   
“U.S. GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States;
 
   
“U.S. TCJA” refers to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act signed into law on December 22, 2017; and
 
   
“VIE” refers to an entity that is a variable interest entity under U.S. GAAP, including a subsidiary of an entity that is a variable interest entity under U.S. GAAP.
This annual report on Form
20-F
includes our audited consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss) for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020, and 2021 and audited consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2021.
Our predecessor Sohu.com Inc. completed an IPO of shares of its common stock on NASDAQ on July 17, 2000. Following the dissolution of Sohu.com Inc. on May 31, 2018, our ADSs began trading on NASDAQ in place of the shares of common stock of Sohu.com Inc. under the same “SOHU” symbol under which Sohu.com Inc.’s shares had previously traded.
Changyou completed its IPO on NASDAQ in April 2009, trading under the symbol “CYOU.” On April 17, 2020, we acquired all outstanding shares of Changyou that we did not already beneficially own pursuant to the merger (the “Changyou Merger”) of an indirect newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary (“Changyou Merger Co.”) with and into Changyou, with Changyou being the company surviving the Changyou Merger, and resulting in Changyou being delisted from NASDAQ and continuing as a privately-held company wholly-owned directly and indirectly by us.
Sogou completed its IPO on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) in November 2017, trading under the symbol “SOGO.” On September 23, 2021, we completed the transactions contemplated by a Share Purchase Agreement, dated September 29, 2020 and amended on December 1, 2020 and further amended on July 19, 2021, among us, our indirect wholly-owned subsidiary Sohu.com (Search) Limited (“Sohu Search”), and TitanSupernova Limited (“Tencent Merger Sub”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Tencent (as so amended, the “Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase Agreement”), in which Sohu Search sold all of the Class A ordinary shares of Sogou and Class B ordinary shares of Sogou owned by Sohu Search to Tencent Merger Sub at a purchase price of $9.00 per share (the “Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase”). We received gross consideration of approximately $1.18 billion in cash from the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase. Also on September 23, 2021, shortly after the completion of the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase, Tencent Merger Sub was merged with and into Sogou (the “Sogou Merger”) pursuant to a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated September 29, 2020 and amended on December 1, 2020 and further amended on July 19, 2021 (as so amended, the “Sogou Merger Agreement”), among Sogou, Tencent Merger Sub, and two other wholly-owned subsidiaries of Tencent. As a result of the completion of the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase and the Sogou Merger, we no longer have any beneficial ownership interest in Sogou. See “Item 4. Information on the Company—History and Development of the Company” for a more detailed description of the transactions contemplated by the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase Agreement and the Sogou Merger Agreement.
FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This annual report on Form
20-F
contains “forward looking statements.” These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You can identify these forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “estimate,” “is/are likely to” and similar expressions. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We undertake no obligation, beyond any that is required by law, to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made, even though our situation will change in the future.
These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
   
our ability to maintain and strengthen our position as a leading Chinese online media, video, and game business group in China;
 
   
our expected development, launch and market acceptance of our products and services;
 
   
our various initiatives to implement our business strategies to expand our business;
 
   
our future business development, results of operations and financial condition;
 
   
the expected growth of and change in the online media, video, and game industries in China;
 
2

   
the PRC government policies relating to the Internet and Internet content providers, including online media, video, and game developers and operators; and
 
   
the effect that PRC laws and regulations; PRC government policies; and the views of courts, arbitral tribunals, and other governmental authorities may have on our ability to rely on contractual rights to effect control and management of the VIEs that are consolidated with us and our ability to consolidate such VIEs’ results of operations, assets, and liabilities in our consolidated financial statements and/or to transfer the revenues of such VIEs to our corresponding PRC subsidiaries.
Whether actual results will conform with our expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and reflect future business decisions that are subject to change. Some of the assumptions, future results, and levels of performance expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements we make inevitably will not materialize, and unanticipated events may occur which will affect our results.
We would like to caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements and you should read these statements in conjunction with all other parts of this annual report, including the risk factors set forth in Item 3. See “Key Information-Risk Factors”
PART I
 
ITEM 1.
IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not Applicable.
 
ITEM 2.
OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not Applicable.
 
ITEM 3.
KEY INFORMATION
Financial Information Related to VIEs and Sohu.com Limited
We do not own the VIEs that we consolidate in our financial statements. We consolidate the results of the VIEs and their subsidiaries under U.S. GAAP through our contractual arrangements with the VIEs and their nominee shareholders. For more details of such contractual arrangements, see Item 7 “Related Party Transactions - Contractual Arrangements with VIEs and their Shareholders” of this annual report.
Between our entry into the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase Agreement on September 29, 2020 and the completion of the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase on September 23, 2021, Sogou met the criteria for discontinued operations. Accordingly, the results of operations of Sogou and the gain of approximately $855 million, net of transaction and other costs, from its disposal are presented in separate line items as discontinued operations. Retrospective adjustments to the historical statements have been made in order to provide a consistent basis of comparison. The financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in relation to the discontinued operations were therefore not disaggregated considering they will not constitute any part of our consolidated financial statements going forward after the completion of the Tencent/Sohu Sogou Share Purchase.
 
3

The following table presents our condensed consolidating schedule of financial position for our
top-tier
publicly-traded holding company Sohu.com Limited (the “Company”), our wholly-owned subsidiaries (“WFOEs”) that are the primary beneficiaries of the VIEs under U.S. GAAP (the “Primary Beneficiaries of VIEs”), our other subsidiaries that are not the Primary Beneficiaries of VIEs (the “Other Subsidiaries”), and the VIEs and their subsidiaries that we consolidate as of the dates presented (in thousands):
 
    
As of December 31, 2020
 
    
Sohu.com
Limited
    
Other
Subsidiaries
    
Primary
Beneficiaries
of VIEs
    
VIEs and

their
subsidiaries
    
Eliminating
adjustments
   
Consolidated
totals
 
ASSETS
                                                    
Current assets:
                                                    
Cash and cash equivalents
   $ 586        61,505        107,938        47,028        0       217,057  
Restricted cash
     0        112,028        217,552        1,211        0       330,791  
Short-term investments
     0        31,429        69,163        153        0       100,745  
Accounts receivable, net
     0        19,870        20,417        47,234        0       87,521  
Prepaid and other current assets
     1,609        9,932        110,316        15,385        (30,652     106,590  
Intra-Group receivables due from the Company’s subsidiaries (1)
     533,678        486,704        1,015,652        506,659        (2,542,693     0  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current assets from continuing operations
     535,873        721,468        1,541,038        617,670        (2,573,345     842,704  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Assets held for sale (current)
                                                 1,412,168  
                                                
 
 
 
Total current assets
                                                 2,254,872  
                                                
 
 
 
Fixed assets, net
     0        55,929        281,450        295        0       337,674  
Investment in subsidiaries and VIEs (2)
     0        898,680        347,153        0        (1,245,833     0  
Restricted time deposits
     0        19,924        81,595        0        0       101,519  
Other
non-current
assets
     22,036        22,324        15,945        69,284        (1,533     128,056  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total assets
   $                                             2,822,121  
                                                
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
                                                    
Current liabilities:
                                                    
Accounts payable
   $ 0        15,824        80,642        11,145        0       107,611  
Accrued liabilities
     1,739        13,677        95,209        46,888        0       157,513  
Receipts in advance and deferred revenue
     0        1,402        7,577        43,076        0       52,055  
Accrued salary and benefits
     138        48,396        44,594        7,698        0       100,826  
Tax payables
     0        4,322        19,262        4,422        0       28,006  
Short-term bank loans
     0        315,550        0        0        0       315,550  
Intra-Group payables due to the Company’s subsidiaries (1)
     0        1,216,889        975,205        350,599        (2,542,693     0  
Other short-term liabilities
     55        89,751        21,989        25,028        (30,652     106,171  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current liabilities from continuing operations
     1,932        1,705,811        1,244,478        488,856        (2,573,345     867,732  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Liabilities held for sale (current)
                                                 416,998  
                                                
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
                                                 1,284,730  
                                                
 
 
 
Long-term other payables
     0        0        3,202        0        0       3,202  
Long-term bank loans
     0        92,000        0        0        0       92,000  
Long-term tax liabilities
     158,507        16,119        0        14,134        0       188,760  
Deferred tax liabilities
     0        206,594        8,985        2,014        0       217,593  
Deficit of investment in subsidiaries and VIEs
     50,101        0        0        0        (50,101     0  
Other non-current liabilities
     0        84        3,485        1,819        (1,533     3,855  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total long-term liabilities
     208,608        314,797        15,672        17,967        (51,634     505,410  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total liabilities
   $                                             1,790,140  
                                                
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
                                                    
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                                                    
Total Sohu.com Limited shareholders’ equity
                                                 347,369  
Noncontrolling interest
                                                 684,612  
                                                
 
 
 
Total shareholders’ equity (2)
                                                 1,031,981  
                                                
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
   $                                             2,822,121  
                                                
 
 
 
 
4

    
As of December 31, 2021
 
    
Sohu.com
Limited
    
Other
Subsidiaries
    
Primary
Beneficiaries
of VIEs
    
VIEs and

their
subsidiaries
    
Eliminating
adjustments
   
Consolidated
totals
 
ASSETS
                                                    
Current assets:
                                                    
Cash and cash equivalents
   $ 13,564        606,306        346,566        32,513        0       998,949  
Restricted cash
     0        0        1,969        0        0       1,969  
Short-term investments
     0        147,598        251,747        0        0       399,345  
Accounts receivable, net
     0        25,552        20,971        36,027        0       82,550  
Prepaid and other current assets
     723        13,224        74,528        18,836        0       107,311  
Intra-Group receivables due from the Company’s subsidiaries (1)
     539,677        670,362        837,566        647,330        (2,694,935     0  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current assets
     553,964        1,463,042        1,533,347        734,706        (2,694,935     1,590,124  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Fixed assets, net
     0        55,358        274,212        427        0       329,997  
Investment in subsidiaries and VIEs (2)
     918,243        779,717        562,971        0        (2,260,931     0  
Long-term time deposits
     0        0        189,007        0        0       189,007  
Other
non-current
assets
     22,036        9,469        19,976        86,744        (1,568     136,657  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total assets
   $ 1,494,243        2,307,586        2,579,513        821,877        (4,957,434     2,245,785  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
                                                    
Current liabilities:
                                                    
Accounts payable
   $ 0        21,301        53,821        12,325        0       87,447  
Accrued liabilities
     1,678        11,257        81,566        43,695        0       138,196  
Receipts in advance and deferred revenue
     0        4,938        6,259        45,844        0       57,041  
Accrued salary and benefits
     83        25,637        57,372        8,393        0       91,485  
Tax payables
     9        7,925        7,241        1,539        0       16,714  
Intra-Group payables due to the Company’s subsidiaries (1)
     36,912        1,011,224        1,184,312        462,487        (2,694,935     0  
Other short-term liabilities
     1,358        58,866        38,250        14,094        0       112,568  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
     40,040        1,141,148        1,428,821        588,377        (2,694,935     503,451  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Long-term other payables
     0        0        3,922        0        0       3,922  
Long-term tax liabilities
     163,334        16,119        0        14,465        0       193,918  
Deferred tax liabilities
     0        237,116        8,726        3,323        0       249,165  
Other non-current liabilities
     0        0        2,960        1,750        (1,568     3,142  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total long-term liabilities
     163,334        253,235        15,608        19,538        (1,568     450,147  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total liabilities
   $ 203,374        1,394,383        1,444,429        607,915        (2,696,503     953,598  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
                                                    
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                                                    
Total Sohu.com Limited shareholders’ equity
     1,290,869        911,936        1,135,084        213,962        (2,260,982     1,290,869  
Noncontrolling interest
     0        1,267        0        0        51       1,318  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total shareholders’ equity (2)
     1,290,869        913,203        1,135,084        213,962        (2,260,931     1,292,187  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
   $ 1,494,243        2,307,586        2,579,513        821,877        (4,957,434     2,245,785  
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
5

The following table presents our condensed consolidating schedules of results of operations for the VIEs that we consolidate and other entities for the periods presented (in thousands):
 
    
Year Ended December 31, 2019
 
    
Sohu.com
Limited
   
Other
Subsidiaries
   
Primary
Beneficiaries
of VIEs
   
VIEs and

their
subsidiaries
    
Eliminating
adjustments
   
Consolidated
totals
 
Revenues:
                                                 
Third-party revenues
   $ 0       111,548       79,972       482,283        0       673,803  
Intra-Group revenues (3)
     0       25,606       321,469       29,674        (376,749     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total revenues
     0       137,154       401,441       511,957        (376,749     673,803  
Cost of revenues:
                                                 
Third-party cost of revenues
     0       15,105       127,498       101,044        0       243,647  
Intra-Group cost of revenues (3)
     0       2,234       39,692       139,765        (181,691     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total cost of revenues
     0       17,339       167,190       240,809        (181,691     243,647  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Gross profit
     0       119,815       234,251       271,148        (195,058     430,156  
Operating expenses:
                                                 
Third-party operating expenses
     2,320       75,800       354,102       69,131        0       501,353  
Intra-Group operating expenses (3)
     0       4,260       6,044       184,799        (195,103     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total operating expenses
     2,320       80,060       360,146       253,930        (195,103     501,353  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Operating profit/(loss)
     (2,320     39,755       (125,895     17,218        45       (71,197
Income/(loss) from subsidiaries and VIEs (2)
     (167,657     (154,566     75,149       0        247,074       0  
Non-operating
income/(expense)
     21,142       11,870       (36,770     4,929        (45     1,126  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Income/(loss) before income tax expense
     (148,835     (102,941     (87,516     22,147        247,074       (70,071
Income tax expense
     7,887       6,493       11,508       2,540        0       28,428  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations
     (156,722     (109,434     (99,024     19,607        247,074       (98,499
Less: Net income from continuing operations attributable to the noncontrolling interest shareholders
     0       58,223       0       0        0       58,223  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to Sohu.com Limited
     (156,722     (167,657     (99,024     19,607        247,074       (156,722
Net income from discontinued operations, net of tax
                                              7,386  
                                             
 
 
 
Net loss
   $                                          (149,336
                                             
 
 
 
 
6

    
Year Ended December 31, 2020
 
    
Sohu.com
Limited
   
Other
Subsidiaries
   
Primary
Beneficiaries
of VIEs
    
VIEs and

their
subsidiaries
    
Eliminating
adjustments
   
Consolidated
totals
 
Revenues:
                                                  
Third-party revenues
   $ 0       119,098       77,812        552,980        0       749,890  
Intra-Group revenues (3)
     0       19,598       390,062        30,207        (439,867     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total revenues
     0       138,696       467,874        583,187        (439,867     749,890  
Cost of revenues:
                                                  
Third-party cost of revenues
     0       24,674       99,430        93,333        0       217,437  
Intra-Group cost of revenues (3)
     0       4,376       34,280        141,717        (180,373     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total cost of revenues
     0       29,050       133,710        235,050        (180,373     217,437  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Gross profit
     0       109,646       334,164        348,137        (259,494     532,453  
Operating expenses:
                                                  
Third-party operating expenses
     1,613       95,727       310,759        50,983        0       459,082  
Intra-Group operating expenses (3)
     0       3,957       741        254,796        (259,494     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total operating expenses
     1,613       99,684       311,500        305,779        (259,494     459,082  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Operating profit/(loss)
     (1,613     9,962       22,664        42,358        0       73,371  
Income/(loss) from subsidiaries and VIEs (2)
     (46,084     69,099       78,938        0        (101,953     0  
Non-operating
income/(expense)
     (1,071     (3,948     24,679        3,668        0       23,328  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Income/(loss) before income tax expense
     (48,768     75,113       126,281        46,026        (101,953     96,699  
Income tax expense
     6,207       102,749       20,000        4,270        0       133,226  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations
     (54,975     (27,636     106,281        41,756        (101,953     (36,527
Less: Net income from continuing operations attributable to the noncontrolling interest shareholders
     0       18,448       0        0        0       18,448  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to Sohu.com Limited
     (54,975     (46,084     106,281        41,756        (101,953     (54,975
Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
                                               (31,137
                                              
 
 
 
Net loss
   $                                           (86,112
                                              
 
 
 
 
7

    
Year Ended December 31, 2021
 
    
Sohu.com
Limited
   
Other
Subsidiaries
   
Primary
Beneficiaries
of VIEs
   
VIEs and

their
subsidiaries
    
Eliminating
adjustments
   
Consolidated
totals
 
Revenues:
                                                 
Third-party revenues
   $ 0       90,830       79,923       664,823        0       835,576  
Intra-Group revenues (3)
     0       275,774       256,801       21,488        (554,063     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total revenues
     0       366,604       336,724       686,311        (554,063     835,576  
Cost of revenues:
                                                 
Third-party cost of revenues
     0       26,055       96,891       81,725        0       204,671  
Intra-Group cost of revenues (3)
     0       4,957       37,732       136,221        (178,910     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total cost of revenues
     0       31,012       134,623       217,946        (178,910     204,671  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Gross profit
     0       335,592       202,101       468,365        (375,153     630,905  
Operating expenses:
                                                 
Third-party operating expenses
     1,768       123,963       335,576       72,126        0       533,433  
Intra-Group operating expenses (3)
     0       11,325       2,831       366,762        (380,918     0  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total operating expenses
     1,768       135,288       338,407       438,888        (380,918     533,433  
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
 
Operating profit/(loss)
     (1,768     200,304       (136,306     29,477        5,765       97,472  
Income/(loss) from subsidiaries and VIEs (2)
     75,343       (71,989     218,623       0        (221,977     0  
Non-operating
income/(expense)
     526       (3,017     32,843       9,508        (5,765     34,095