S-1 1 fs12022_soundhound.htm REGISTRATION STATEMENT

As filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission on September 19, 2022.

Registration No. 333-______

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

____________________

FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

____________________

SOUNDHOUND AI, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

____________________

Delaware

 

7372

 

86-1286799

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

5400 Betsy Ross Drive
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Telephone: (408) 441
-3200
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

____________________

Dr. Keyvan Mohajer
SoundHound AI, Inc.
5400 Betsy Ross Drive
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Telephone: (408) 441
-3200
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

____________________

Copies of all communications, including communications sent to agent for service, should be sent to:

Douglas Ellenoff, Esq.
Matthew Bernstein, Esq.
Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP
1345 Avenue of the Americas, 11
th Floor
New York, New York 10105
Telephone: (212) 370
-1300
Fax: (212) 370
-7889

____________________

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box:

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If delivery of the Prospectus is expected to be made pursuant to Rule 434, check the following box.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

 

Accelerated filer

 

   

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

Smaller reporting company

 

           

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

The Registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment that specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

Table of Contents

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

 

DATED SEPTEMBER 19, 2022

SOUNDHOUND AI, INC.

25,250,000 Shares of Class A Common Stock

This prospectus relates to the potential offer and sale from time to time by CF Principal Investments LLC (“Cantor” the “Holder”) of up to 25,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class A Shares” or the “Class A Common Stock”) of SoundHound AI, Inc. (“SoundHound AI,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”), that may be issued by us to the Holder pursuant to a Common Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of August 16, 2022, by and between us and the Holder (the “Purchase Agreement”) establishing a committed equity facility (the “Facility”).

We are not selling any securities under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares of our Class A Common Stock by the Holder. However, we will receive proceeds from our sale to the Holder of up to 25,000,000 Class A Shares at varying purchase prices depending on the market price of our shares of Class A Common Stock at the time of such purchases, pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, after the date of this prospectus. The purchase price per share that Cantor will pay for shares of Class A Common Stock purchased from us under the Purchase Agreement will fluctuate based on the market price of our Class A Shares at the time we elect to sell shares to Cantor and, further, to the extent that the Company sells shares of Class A Common Stock under the Facility, substantial amounts of Class A Shares could be issued and resold, which would cause dilution and may impact the Company’s stock price. In addition, this prospectus also relates to 250,000 shares of Class A Common Stock which we have agreed to issue to Cantor in connection with the execution of the Purchase Agreement (the “Commitment Shares”) as consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase the Class A Shares at our election in our sole discretion, from time to time after the date of this prospectus, upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. The Company and the Holder have agreed that if the net proceeds with respect to Commitment Shares either sold by the Holder by the 121st day after the Commencement Date, subject to an extension under certain circumstances (the “True-Up Date”), or held by the Holder on the True-Up Date (based on the closing price of the Class A Common Stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market on the trading day immediately prior to the True-Up Date), in the aggregate, is less than $1 Million, the Company will pay to the Holder the difference between $1 Million and the applicable net proceeds. Alternatively, in the event that such net proceeds exceed $1 Million, the Holder will pay to the Company the difference between the applicable net proceeds and $1 Million. See “The Committed Equity Financing” for a description of the Purchase Agreement and the Facility and “Selling Holder” for additional information regarding Cantor.

The Holder may offer, sell or distribute all or a portion of the Class A Shares registered hereby publicly or through private transactions at prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. We will bear all costs, expenses and fees in connection with the registration of these shares, including with regard to compliance with state securities or “blue sky” laws. The timing and amount of any sale are within the sole discretion of the Holder. The Holder is an underwriter under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and any profit on sale of the shares by it and any discounts, commissions or concessions received by it may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. Although the Holder is obligated (subject to certain conditions) to purchase shares of our Class A Common Stock under the terms of the Purchase Agreement to extent we choose to sell such shares to it, there can be no assurances that the Holder will sell any or all of the shares purchased under the Purchase Agreement pursuant to this prospectus. The Holder will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to its sale of shares of Class A Common Stock. See “Plan of Distribution (Conflict of Interest)” beginning on page 116.

Our Class A Common Stock is listed on the Global Market of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “SOUN.” On September 6, 2022, the last reported sale price of our Class A Common Stock was $2.91 per share.

We are an “emerging growth company” under federal securities laws and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus, in any amendment or supplements to this prospectus.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this prospectus is             , 2022.

 

Table of Contents

i

Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using a “shelf” registration process. Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that either we or the Holder will issue, offer or sell, as applicable, any of the securities registered hereunder. Under this shelf registration process, the Holder may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by it described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by the Holder of the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. However, we will receive proceeds from our sale to the Holder of up to 25,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock, which will fluctuate based on the market price of our shares of Class A Common Stock at the time we elect to sell shares to Cantor pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, after the date of this prospectus.

Neither we nor the Holder have authorized anyone to provide you with any information other than that provided in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Holder can provide any assurance as to the reliability of any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Holder are making an offer of these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed.

We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the section of this prospectus entitled “Where You Can Find More Information.”

On April 26, 2022, pursuant to the merger agreement (the “Merger Agreement”) dated as of November 15, 2021 by and among Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co. (“ATSP”), ATSPC Merger Sub, Inc. and SoundHound, Inc., the parties consummated the merger of ATSPC Merger Sub, Inc. with and into SoundHound, Inc., with SoundHound, Inc. continuing as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”), as well as the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the Merger and such other transactions, the “Business Combination”). As a result of the Business Combination, SoundHound, Inc. became a wholly owned subsidiary of ATSP and ATSP changed its name to “SoundHound AI, Inc.” SoundHound AI currently owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of SoundHound, Inc.

Frequently Used Terms

Unless otherwise stated in this prospectus, the terms, “we,” “us,” “our” “the Company” or “SoundHound AI” refer to, a Delaware corporation. Further, in this document:

        “Amended Charter” means the Second Amended & Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, which took effect upon the filing thereof in the State of Delaware. Among other things, pursuant to the Amended Charter, ATSP changed its name to SoundHound AI, Inc.

        “Amended Bylaws” means the Amended & Restated Bylaws of the Company, which took effect upon the effectiveness of the Amended Charter.

        “ATSP” means Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co.

        “Board” means the board of directors of the Company.

        “Business Combination” means the merger contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

        “Class A Common Stock” or “Class A Shares” mean the Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, of the Company.

1

Table of Contents

        “Class B Common Stock” or “Class B Shares” mean the Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, of the Company, issued at the closing to the SoundHound Founders, having the rights and terms set forth in the Amended Charter, which are generally the same as the rights and terms as shares of Class A Common Stock, except that each share of Class B Common Stock is entitled to ten votes per share and except that shares of Class B Common Stock may be converted into, or under some circumstances shall be mandatorily converted into, shares of Class A Common Stock.

        “Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

        “Continental” means Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, our transfer agent and warrant agent.

        “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

        “Founder Shares” means the 3,325,000 outstanding shares of common stock of ATSP initially purchased by the Sponsor for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000 on January 4, 2021.

        “GAAP” means accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

        “Initial Stockholders” means the Sponsor and other initial holders of common stock of ATSP and Private Units, excluding the holders of the representative shares issued to EarlyBirdCapital, Inc..

        “IPO” refers to the initial public offering of 13,300,000 Units of the Company consummated in March 2021, inclusive of the partial exercise of the over-allotment option.

        “IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

        “Legacy SoundHound” means SoundHound, Inc., prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.

        “Merger Agreement” means that certain Merger Agreement, dated as of November 15, 2021, by and among ATSP, Merger Sub and SoundHound, Inc., as it may be amended or supplemented

        “Organizational Documents” means organizational or governing documents of an applicable entity.

        “Sponsor” means Archimedes Tech SPAC Sponsors LLC.

2

Table of Contents

MARKET AND INDUSTRY DATA

This prospectus includes industry position and industry data and forecasts that SoundHound AI obtained or derived from internal company reports, independent third party publications and other industry data. Some data are also based on good faith estimates, which are derived from internal company analyses or review of internal company reports as well as the independent sources referred to above.

Although SoundHound AI believes that the information on which it has based these estimates of industry position and industry data are generally reliable, the accuracy and completeness of this information is not guaranteed and SoundHound AI has not independently verified any of the data from third-party sources nor have they ascertained the underlying economic assumptions relied upon therein. Statements as to industry position are based on market data currently available. While SoundHound AI is not aware of any misstatements regarding the industry data presented herein, these estimates involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

3

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are forward-looking and as such are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding the benefits of the Business Combination, future financial performance, business strategies, expansion plans, future operations, future operating results, estimated revenues, losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management. These forward-looking statements are based on our management’s current expectations, estimates, projections and beliefs, as well as a number of assumptions concerning future events, and are not guarantees of performance. Such statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. When used in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, words such as “outlook,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words or phrases, may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. The following factors among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:

        the ability to maintain the listing of SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock on the Nasdaq Global Market;

        execution of our business strategy, including launching new product offerings and expanding information and technology capabilities;

        our market opportunity and our ability to acquire new customers and retain existing customers;

        the timing and impact of our growth initiatives on our future financial performance;

        the ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination (as defined in “Prospectus Summary” below), which may be affected by, among other things, competition and the ability of SoundHound AI to manage its growth;

        the ability of SoundHound AI to protect intellectual property and trade secrets;

        the ability to obtain additional capital, including equity or debt financing;

        changes in applicable laws or regulations and extensive and evolving government regulations that impact the Company’s operations and business;

        the ability to attract or maintain a qualified workforce;

        level of product service failures that could lead SoundHound AI customers to use competitors’ services;

        investigations, claims, disputes, enforcement actions, litigation and/or other regulatory or legal proceedings;

        the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic or any similar public health developments on SoundHound AI’s business;

        risks relating to uncertainty of our estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth;

        litigation, regulatory matters, complaints, adverse publicity and/or misconduct by employees, vendors and/or service providers;

        the possibility that SoundHound AI may be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors; and

        other risks and uncertainties described under the section titled “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on our business. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting our business will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual

4

Table of Contents

results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described in the section entitled “Risk Factors.” Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the effect of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor or combination of factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of the assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements.

The forward-looking statements made by us in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement speak only as of the date of this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement. Except to the extent required under the federal securities laws and rules and regulations of the SEC, we disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there is no assurance that the events or results suggested by the forward-looking statements will in fact occur, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

5

Table of Contents

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights selected information contained elsewhere in this prospectus, and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our Class A Common Stock. This summary is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read in conjunction with, the more detailed information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. You should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the information set forth in the sections titled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this prospectus before making an investment decision. Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this prospectus to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” the “Company” or similar terminology refer to SoundHound AI, Inc.

Company Overview

SoundHound AI is a leading innovator of conversational intelligence, offering an independent Voice AI platform that enables businesses across industries to deliver high quality conversational experiences to their customers. Built on proprietary Speech-to-Meaning® and Deep Meaning Understanding® technologies developed over the past 16 years, our advanced Voice AI platform provides exceptional speed and accuracy.

We envision a future where people interact with products on a daily basis through voice-enabled AI. Our technology provides a conversational voice-enabled user interface, allowing a more natural and more productive way of interacting with the products and services we use. SoundHound AI is also committed to enabling product creators to design, customize, differentiate, innovate, and monetize the voice interfaces to their own products and services, as opposed to outsourcing to a third-party assistant.

More often than not, we currently interact with voice-enabled third-party assistants using halted speech patterns, consciously dividing queries into limited, broken, and unnatural instructions. By contrast, using SoundHound AI, businesses can voice-enable their products so consumers can say things like, “Turn off the air conditioning and lower the windows,” while in their cars, “Find romantic comedies released in the last year,” while streaming on their TV, and even place food orders before arriving at a restaurant by talking to their cars, TVs, or other “internet of things” (“IoT”) devices. Additionally, SoundHound AI’s technology can address complex user queries such as, “Show me all restaurants within half a mile of the Space Needle that are open past 9pm on Wednesdays and have outdoor seating,” and follow-on qualifications such as “Okay, don’t show me anything with less than 3 stars or fast food.”

SoundHound AI’s technology is currently being used globally by customers that include Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz, Pandora, Deutsche Telekom, Snap, VIZIO, KIA, and Stellantis. We have seen significant inflection in customer adoption of our technology, as measured through monthly queries on our Houndify platform, which doubled over the first six months of 2021, are now in excess of 100 million queries per month and surpassed 1 billion annual queries in 2021 (for the six months ended June 30, 2022, queries were over 100% greater than during the same period in 2021). Our current customers, which in many cases have contractual obligations that average multiple years (often between three to five years), span multiple industries and geographies, and together have an estimated combined reach of over two billion end users. We consider our long-term customers our “partners” and, by growing these strategic relationships, SoundHound AI’s revenues have grown by more than 50% year over year each fiscal year over the past three years. The cumulative value of contracts with our existing partners has already exceeded $100M.

We support our customers by providing them access to Houndify® — an open-access platform that allows developers to leverage SoundHound AI’s Voice AI technology and a library of over 100 content domains, including commonly used domains for points of interest, weather, flight status, sports, and more. To ensure that our content domains continue to evolve and grow, our platform is built on our breakthrough Collective AI® — an architecture for connecting domain knowledge, which encourages collaboration and contribution among developers, is always learning, and is greater than the sum of its parts. This architecture allows us to improve the understanding capability of our platform super-linearly and even exponentially based on linear contributions because of how the domains interact with one another. They can be inter-connected and can learn from each other and, as developers contribute to the platform, its understanding capability can grow exponentially.

Our technology is backed by SoundHound AI’s investments in intellectual property, with over 250 patents granted or pending, spanning multiple fields including speech recognition, natural language, machine learning, monetization, and more. We have achieved this critical momentum in part thanks to a leadership team with deep expertise and proven ability to attract and retain talent.

6

Table of Contents

Our Mission

SoundHound AI’s mission is to voice-enable the world with conversational intelligence through an independent AI platform enabling humans to interact with products and services like they interact with each other — by speaking naturally.

Our Opportunity

Industry sources predict that 90% of new vehicles globally will have voice assistants by 2028 and that there will be 75 billion connected devices worldwide by 2025. The number of devices with their own voice assistant is expected to overtake the world’s population within four years. Additionally, across industries, 94% of large companies expect to use Voice AI within two years, according to a Pindrop Security, Inc. study, indicating the imperative most companies feel to provide a voice user interface to their products and services. These and other trends are adding up to exponential growth for Voice AI in a variety of markets, including IoT, automotive, retail, hospitality, enterprise, healthcare, contact center, and banking and finance.

Our Vision

We aim to change the way people talk to voice assistants by making computers better than humans in language understanding. As a result, SoundHound AI can make humans more productive and help make the world a better place. Our vision further includes empowering billions of devices around the world using our technology, with innovation and monetization opportunities for the product creators that integrate the Houndify platform. It means product creators can not only use Voice AI to make their product better they can also generate incremental recurring revenues from customer interactions. Our vision also places a high emphasis on user experience. Before monetization growth can occur, delivering value and delight to end users is paramount. As a result, the most effective monetizable interactions will be those that flow naturally based on context, create value for the end-user, and would not be perceived by users as intrusive advertisements.

Our Products

Houndify platform, SoundHound Ai’s Voice AI platform, combines advanced AI with engineering expertise to help brands build conversational voice assistants. From proprietary components to customizable and scalable solutions, we offer tools to build a highly accurate and responsive voice user interface. The suite of Houndify tools, includes Application Programming Interfaces (“API”) for text and voice queries, support for custom commands, extensive library of content domains, inclusive Software Development Kit platforms, collaboration capabilities, diagnostic tools, and built-in analytics. Houndify provides a web API that takes in text queries or audio and returns actionable JavaScript Object Notation to anyone with an internet connection wanting to add Voice AI to any product or application.

Automatic Speech Recognition, our highly optimized, tunable, and scalable ASR engine, supports vocabulary sizes containing millions of words. Houndify’s machine learning infrastructure allows us to tune the engine to achieve optimal Computer Processing Unit (“CPU”) performance while delivering high accuracy rates. Houndify’s language and acoustic modelling architecture also uses machine learning to increase word recognition accuracy. Rapid iteration is possible due to our accelerated training pipeline and architecture that improves as data is collected. Highly accurate transcriptions result from advanced acoustic models trained to perform in a variety of scenarios — including in severely noisy environments and when accented language is spoken.

Natural Language Understanding (“NLU”), our proprietary Speech-to-Meaning technology, tracks speech in real-time and understands the context, even before the user has finished speaking. Instead of the typical two-step process of transcribing speech into text and then passing the text into an NLU model, Houndify can accomplish both of these tasks in one step, delivering faster and more accurate results. Houndify’s ability to process and understand speech the instant a user stops speaking gives voice assistants the ability to respond faster. Understanding speech in real-time without requiring additional processing or waiting for the user to finish speaking creates responsive and natural conversations between people and products. By understanding context, Houndify responds accurately to users by distinguishing between similar words and names. Our NLU can discern the difference between words that sound the same, but have different spellings and meanings. For example, if users want to navigate to 272 Hoch Street in Dayton, Ohio, it won’t look for Hawk Street. Using our proprietary Deep Meaning Understanding technology, a custom voice assistant can handle complex queries with compound criteria including conversational follow up, address multiple questions and filter results simultaneously — accurately and quickly answering users’ most complex questions.

7

Table of Contents

Wake Words are the entry point into branded voice experiences, allowing users to invoke the assistant by literally speaking the company’s name. Examples range from “Hey Pandora” in a mobile app to “Hey Peugeot” within a vehicle. Rigorous development and testing enable our wake words to perform in noisy environments and minimize false-positives or false-negatives. We use advanced machine learning algorithms and Deep Neural Networks to provide broad robustness to our high-volume training data, resulting in high accuracy.

Custom Domains, a library of over 100 public domains, is available with a free Houndify account. Houndify public domains give developers instant access to a broad range of content to fit their unique use cases. This includes multi-category content intended to appeal to broad range of audiences, including, for instance, sports scores, weather, podcasts, travel information, recipes, stock prices, among many others. Companies can enhance product functionality or proprietary operations with Houndify Private Domains, allowing customization and development of more specific content. Customers who subscribe for this service have full access to their private domains securely on the Houndify platform while retaining the ability to iterate and update content. For example, an automotive manufacturer can make helpful updates about the car’s user manual over time. In this way, SoundHound AI becomes a long-term “partner” to its customers, helping companies create the domains that they need in order to improve brand value for their own customers or end users.

Text-to-speech (“TTS”).    A high-quality TTS can help companies create a unique voice that differentiates them from the competition. Brands can fully express their personality by choosing the gender, tone, and personality that will become their vocal identity. Our machine learning algorithms transform recorded voices into large databases of spoken sounds to form entire vocabularies of natural language — adapted to the user’s environment. We can transform any voice to generate a high-quality TTS with a small CPU footprint.

Edge (Embedded) is a fully-embedded voice solution for brands seeking the convenience of a voice user interface without the privacy or connectivity concerns of the internet. Edge includes full access to custom commands and the ability to instantly update commands during development. As of June 30, 2022, we have not yet generated revenue from Edge.

To harness the capabilities of full cloud connectivity with the reliability of embedded voice technology. Houndify Edge Hybrid solutions are designed to ensure that devices are always-on and responsive to commands. Allows for over-the-air product updates and a broader voice experience with the level of cloud-connectivity that best matches the product and its users.

Our Competitive Advantage

The majority of participants in the Voice AI industry can be characterized as either “big tech” companies (meaning large corporations offering Voice AI as an extension of other services) and “legacy vendors” (meaning long-time Voice-AI industry participants with older technologies). Brands relying on big tech Voice AI frequently experience decreased ability to innovate, differentiate, and customize the way that their products interact with Voice AI platforms and/or end users. In some cases, these big tech Voice AI providers even compete with the customers whose products their technologies support, making them increasingly less attractive as a choice for a voice interface. Many “legacy vendors” offer dated technologies at a high price. Furthermore, in many cases, legacy vendor technologies still require significant effort by product creators to turn legacy AI product offerings into solutions that can compete with the quality of Voice AI products currently offered by big tech companies, which is oftentimes neither economical nor practical.

There is currently a high barrier to entry into Voice AI and we view the current environment as an opportunity to provide disruptive technologies with capabilities we believe are superior to existing alternatives, allowing customers to maintain their brand, control the user experience, get access to the data, and define their own privacy policies, while being able to customize, differentiate, innovate, and monetize.

Our Revenue Model

We have identified three pillars for revenue growth: Royalties, Subscription, and Monetization, and all three pillars contribute to our current revenues today. While the majority of current revenues come from royalties, over time we expect our revenues from subscription and monetization pillars to increase and eventually represent a larger portion of our overall revenues.

8

Table of Contents

Royalties:    This involves voice-enabling a product. The product creator pays us a royalty based on volume, usage, or duration. SoundHound AI collects royalties when Houndify is integrated into a product such as a car, smart speaker, or appliance.

Subscription:    This involves voice-enabling a service that doesn’t rely on a physical product. Examples include when SoundHound AI enables customer service or food ordering for restaurants or content management, appointments, or voice commerce, we generate subscription revenue from the service providers.

Monetization:    This pillar creates an ecosystem that enables monetization services in products and services from both pillar one and pillar two. When users of a voice-enabled product access the voice-enabled monetization, this creates new leads and transactions. SoundHound AI generates monetization revenue for generating these leads and transactions, and will share revenue with the product creators. Through June 30, 2022, we have not generated revenue from leads and transactions on voice-enabled products from voice-enabled services other than from the SoundHound AI music identification app. Going forward, SoundHound AI expects monetization revenue to be generated through a combination of advertising revenue from the music identification app and from leads and transactions on voice-enabled products from voice-enabled services.

Our Sales and Marketing

We employ Account-Based Marketing (“ABM”) leveraging leading-edge platforms supported by fully-current Marketing Automation tools to capture and nurture business leads through to Marketing Qualified Leads (“MQL”), Sales Accepted Leads (“SAL”), and Sales Qualified Leads (“SQL”) ultimately to drive towards return-on-investment-positive marketing expenditures. We also sees strategic partnerships as the foundation for our ongoing growth and success. Our deep collaboration with leading companies across industries has allowed our technology to reach millions of customers. Largely through our existing customer base, query volume doubled in the first half of 2021 and exceeded 1 billion at the end of 2021, with over 100 million queries per month. During the first half of 2022 query volume experienced over 100% growth compared to the same period in 2021. Information provided to us by our strategic partners suggests that our customers’ products are currently used by have a reach over a billion users.

Our Intellectual Property

SoundHound AI’s intellectual property portfolio includes over 250 granted or pending patents. These patents cover areas such as speech recognition, natural language understanding, machine learning, human interfaces, and others, including monetization and advertising. Out of our over 250 granted and pending patents, more than 40 of these patents are in conversational monetization. Because we predict that search traffic will change from keyword-based queries to conversational interactions, we have a large number of patents in the area of conversational advertising.

Initial Public Offering

The Company was incorporated in Delaware on September 15, 2020 and was formed for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities. On March 15, 2021, the Company closed its IPO. Following the closing of the IPO and the underwriters’ partial exercise of over-allotment option on March 19, 2021, $133,000,000 from the net proceeds of the sale of the public units in the IPO and the sale of the Private Units was placed in a trust account maintained by Continental, acting as trustee.

Business Combination

On November 15, 2021, a Merger Agreement was signed by and among ATSP, ATSPC Merger Sub, Inc. and SoundHound, Inc., which provided for the merger of ATSP Merger Sub, Inc. with and into SoundHound, Inc., with SoundHound, Inc. continuing as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”), as well as the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the Merger and such other transactions, the “Business Combination”). On April 26, 2022, the parties consummated the Business Combination as well as the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. As a result of the Merger, the Company owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of SoundHound, Inc. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company changed its name from “Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co.” to “SoundHound AI, Inc.” In connection with the Business Combination, each share of common stock of ATSP was redesignated as Class A Common Stock.

9

Table of Contents

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company and a Smaller Reporting Company

We qualify as an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. For as long as we remain an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies. These provisions include, but are not limited to:

        being permitted to have only two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related selected financial data and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations disclosure;

        an exemption from compliance with the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

        reduced disclosure about executive compensation arrangements in our periodic reports, registration statements and proxy statements; and

        exemptions from the requirements to seek non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation or golden parachute arrangements.

In addition, the JOBS Act permits emerging growth companies to take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies. We are not choosing to “opt out” of this provision. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earliest of (i) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of our IPO, (ii) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, (iii) the date on which we have, during the immediately preceding three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities and (iv) the end of any fiscal year in which the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the second quarter of that fiscal year. We have elected to take advantage of certain of the reduced disclosure obligations in the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part and may elect to take advantage of other reduced reporting requirements in future filings. As a result, the information that we provide to our stockholders may be different than you might receive from other public reporting companies in which you hold equity interests.

We are also a “smaller reporting company” as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. We may continue to be a smaller reporting company even after we are no longer an emerging growth company. We may take advantage of certain of the scaled disclosures available to smaller reporting companies and will be able to take advantage of these scaled disclosures for so long as the market value of our voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates is less than $250 million measured on the last business day of our second fiscal quarter, or our annual revenue is less than $100 million during the most recently completed fiscal year and the market value of our voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates is more than $700 million measured on the last business day of our second fiscal quarter.

Summary of Risks Factors

Our business is subject to a number of risks, including risks that may prevent us from achieving our business objectives or may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and prospects that you should consider before making a decision to invest in our Class A Common Stock. These risks are discussed more fully in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus. These risks include, but are not limited to, the following:

Risks Related to the Committed Equity Financing

        It is not possible to predict the actual number of shares of Class A Common Stock, if any, we will sell under the Purchase Agreement to Cantor, or the actual gross proceeds resulting from those sales.

        Investors who buy shares of Class A Common Stock from the Holder at different times will likely pay different prices.

10

Table of Contents

        We are engaged in multiple transactions and offerings of our securities. Future resales and/or issuances of Class A Shares, including pursuant to this prospectus may cause the market price of our shares to drop significantly.

        We may use proceeds from sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement in ways with which you may not agree or in ways which may not yield a significant return.

Risks Related to SoundHound AI’s Business

        The Voice AI market is a relatively new and rapidly changing market, and we may be unable to compete successfully.

        If SoundHound AI does not maintain a customer base that will generate a recurring stream of revenues, its operating results may be adversely affected.

        If SoundHound AI fails to grow its business as anticipated, its revenues and gross margin will be adversely affected.

        If SoundHound AI does not successfully anticipate market needs, enhance its existing products, execute on delivering quality products and services, or develop new products and services, it may not be able to compete effectively and its ability to generate revenues will suffer.

        Actual or alleged failure to comply with data privacy laws and regulations could damage SoundHound AI’s reputation, result in government action and have an adverse impact on its operating results.

        Failure to attract and retain key personnel in the future could harm SoundHound AI’s business and negatively affect our ability to successfully grow our business.

        SoundHound AI’s use of open source technology could impose limitations on its ability to commercialize its software.

        Unauthorized use of SoundHound AI’s proprietary technology and intellectual property could adversely affect its business and results of operations.

        Failure to comply with applicable anti-corruption legislation and other governmental laws and regulations, including consumer and data privacy laws, could result in fines, criminal penalties and materially adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The continuation or worsening of the COVID-19 pandemic, or other similar public health developments, could have an adverse effect on business, results of operations, and financial condition.

        Our management has limited experience in operating a public company.

        We operate in an uncertain regulatory environment and may from time to time be subject to governmental investigations or other inquiries by state, federal and local governmental authorities.

Risks Related to our Securities

        The market price of our securities is likely to be highly volatile, and you may lose some or all of your investment.

        Volatility in our share price could subject us to securities class action litigation.

Corporate Information

We were incorporated in Delaware on September 15, 2020 under the name Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co. Our principal executive offices are located at 5400 Betsy Ross Drive, Santa Clara, CA 95054, and our telephone number is (408) 441-3200. Our corporate website address is www.soundhound.com. The information contained on or accessible through our website is not a part of this prospectus.

11

Table of Contents

THE OFFERING

Issuer

 

SoundHound AI, Inc.

Shares of Class A Common Stock Offered by the Holder

 

Up to 25,250,000 shares, consisting of:

The Commitment Shares, which are the 250,000 Class A Shares that we issued to Cantor in consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase Class A Shares at our election under the Purchase Agreement; and

Up to 25,000,000 Class A Shares that we may elect, in our sole discretion, to issue and sell to Cantor, from time to time from and after the Commencement Date under the Purchase Agreement.

Use of Proceeds

 

We will not receive any proceeds from any sale of shares of our Class A Common Stock by the Holder. However, we will receive 97% of the VWAP (as such term is defined in the Purchase Agreement) of the Common A Shares sold to the Holder pursuant to the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, as of each applicable date the Holder purchases Class A Shares from us, after the date of this prospectus. We intend to use any proceeds from the Facility for working capital and general corporate purposes. See “Use of Proceeds” and “The Committed Equity Financing.”

Conflict of Interest

 

Cantor is an affiliate of Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. (“CF&CO”) a FINRA member. CF&CO is expected to act as an executing broker for the sale of the shares of our Class A Common Stock sold by Cantor pursuant to the Facility. See “Plan of Distribution (Conflict of Interest).”

   

The receipt by Cantor of all the proceeds from sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock to the public made through CF&CO results in a “conflict of interest” under Rule 5121 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”). Accordingly, such sales will be conducted in compliance with FINRA Rule 5121. See “Plan of Distribution (Conflict of Interest).”

Risk Factors

 

See “Risk Factors” and the other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider before investing in our securities.

Market for Class A Common Stock

 

Our Class A Common Stock is currently traded on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “SOUN.”

12

Table of Contents

RISK FACTORS

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following information about these risks, together with the other information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus, including our financial statements, the notes thereto and the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” before deciding to invest in our securities. The occurrence of any of the following risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, results of operations and future growth prospects, as well as our ability to accomplish our strategic objectives. As a result, the trading price of our securities could decline and you could lose all or part of your investment. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations and the market price of our securities.

Risks Related to the Committed Equity Financing

It is not possible to predict the actual number of shares of Class A Common Stock, if any, we will sell under the Purchase Agreement to Cantor, or the actual gross proceeds resulting from those sales.

On August 16, 2022, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with Cantor, pursuant to which Cantor has committed to purchase up to 25,000,000 shares of our Class A Common Stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. The shares of Class A Common Stock that may be issued under the Purchase Agreement may be sold by us to Cantor at our discretion from time to time until the first day of the month next following the 36-month period commencing on the date of this prospectus.

We generally have the right to control the timing and amount of any sales of shares to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement. Sales of shares, if any, to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement will depend upon market conditions and other factors to be determined by us. We may ultimately decide to sell to Cantor all, some or none of the shares of Class A Common Stock that may be available for us to sell to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.

Because the purchase price per share to be paid by Cantor for the shares of Class A Common Stock that we may elect to sell to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement, if any, will fluctuate based on the market prices of our Class A Common Stock at the time we elect to sell shares to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, if any, it is not possible for us to predict, as of the date of this prospectus and prior to any such sales, the purchase price per share that Cantor will pay for shares of Class A Common Stock purchased from us under the Purchase Agreement, or the aggregate gross proceeds that we will receive from those purchases by Cantor under the Purchase Agreement.

Because the market price of our Class A Common Stock may fluctuate from time to time after the date of this prospectus and, as a result, the actual purchase prices to be paid by Cantor for shares of our Class A Common Stock that we direct it to purchase under the Purchase Agreement, if any, also may fluctuate significantly based on the market price of our Class A Common Stock.

The number of shares of Class A Common Stock ultimately offered for sale by Cantor is dependent upon the number of shares, if any, we ultimately elect to sell to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement. However, even if we elect to sell shares of Class A Common Stock to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, Cantor may resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its sole discretion and at different prices.

Investors who buy shares of Class A Common Stock from the Holder at different times will likely pay different prices.

Pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement, we will have discretion, to vary the timing, price and number of shares sold to Cantor. If and when we elect to sell shares of Class A Common Stock to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, after Cantor has acquired such shares, Cantor may resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its sole discretion and at different prices. As a result, investors who purchase shares from Cantor in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices for those shares, and so may experience different levels of dilution and in some cases substantial dilution and different outcomes in their investment results. Investors may experience a decline in the value of the shares they purchase from Cantor in this offering as a result of future sales made by us to Cantor at prices lower than the prices such investors paid for their shares in this offering. In addition, if we sell a substantial number of shares to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement, or if investors expect

13

Table of Contents

that we will do so, the actual sales of shares or the mere existence of our arrangement with Cantor may make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect such sales.

We are engaged in multiple transactions and offerings of our securities. Future resales and/or issuances of Class A Shares, including pursuant to this prospectus may cause the market price of our shares to drop significantly.

To the extent we sell Class A Shares under the Facility, substantial amounts of Class A Shares will be issued and available for resale by Cantor, which would cause dilution and represent a significant portion of our public float and may result in substantial decreases to the price of our Class A Common Stock. After Cantor has acquired shares under the Facility, Cantor may resell all, some or none of such Common Shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion and at different prices. If all of the 25,250,000 Class A Shares offered for resale by Cantor under this prospectus were issued and outstanding as of September 7, 2022, such Class A Shares would represent approximately 13.9% of the total number of our Class A Shares outstanding, after giving effect to such issuance.

In addition to this prospectus covering the resale by Cantor of up to 25,250,000 shares of Class A Common Stock, we have filed a registration statement for (a) the offer and resale of an aggregate of up to 56,348,404 shares of Class A Shares held by certain selling securityholders, including (i) certain shares issued to investors in a previous private placement (the “PIPE Shares”) issued at $10.00 per share, (ii) securities held by our officers, directors and their affiliates which were originally issued as (1) Founder Shares in connection with ATSP’s IPO for approximately $0.009 per share and (2) as part of placement units in connection with ATSP’s IPO at a price of $10.00 per placement unit, and (iii) shares of Class A Common Stock exercisable under options held by certain selling securityholders which were assumed by us and converted into options of SoundHound AI in connection with the Business Combination and have an weighted average exercise price of $3.05 per share after giving effect to the Business Combination, (b) the resale by certain of our affiliates from time to time of up to 40,396,600 Class A Shares issuable upon conversion of Class B Shares issued pursuant to the Merger Agreement in connection with the Business Combination as merger consideration at an acquiror share value of $0.0073 per share, (c) the resale from time to time of up to 174,750 warrants issued in a previous private placement (the “Placement Warrants”), each exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50, subject to adjustment, which were originally issued as part of placement units in connection with ATSP’s IPO at a price of $10.00 per placement unit and (d) the issuance by us of up to 3,532,984 Class A Shares upon the exercise of outstanding warrants to purchase our Class A Shares at an exercise price of $11.50, which were originally issued as part of the units in connection with ATSP’s IPO at a price of $10.00 per unit.

In connection with the Business Combination, certain of our stockholders agreed that, subject to certain exceptions, they will not, during the period beginning at the effective time of the Business Combination and the date that is 180 days (or 1 year in the case of our chief executive officer) after the date of the Business Combination (subject to early release if the Company consummates a liquidation, merger, share exchange or other similar transaction with an unaffiliated third party), directly or indirectly, offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option to purchase, make any short sale, or otherwise dispose of any shares of common stock, or any options or warrants to purchase any shares of common stock, or any securities convertible into, exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive shares of common stock, or any interest in any of the foregoing. Specifically, holders of approximately 123,213,530 shares of our Class A Common Stock, representing 78.7% of the Class A Common Stock outstanding, and 40,396,600 shares of our Class B Common Stock, representing 100% of our Class B Common Stock outstanding, are subject to lock-up agreements (1,231,800 shares of such Class A Common Stock and all of such shares of Class B Common Stock being held by affiliates of the Company).

Upon the expiration or waiver of the lock-up described above, shares held by these stockholders will be eligible for resale, subject to, in the case of stockholders who are our affiliates, volume, manner of sale, and other limitations under Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act.

In addition, shares of our Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise or vesting of incentive awards under our incentive plans are, once issued, eligible for sale in the public market, subject to any lock-up agreements and, in some cases, limitations on volume and manner of sale applicable to affiliates under Rule 144. Furthermore, shares of our Class A Common Stock reserved for future issuance under SoundHound AI, Inc. 2022 Incentive Award Plan and SoundHound AI, Inc. 2022 ESPP may become available for sale in future.

14

Table of Contents

The market price of shares of our Class A Common Stock could drop significantly if the holders of the shares described above sell them or are perceived by the market as intending to sell them. These factors could also make it more difficult for us to raise additional funds through future offerings of shares of our Class A Common Stock or other securities.

We may use proceeds from sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement in ways with which you may not agree or in ways which may not yield a significant return.

We will have broad discretion over the use of proceeds from sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, as described in the section entitled “Use of Proceeds,” and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the proceeds are being used appropriately. In addition, the ultimate use of the net proceeds may vary from the currently intended uses. The net proceeds may be used for corporate purposes that do not increase our operating results or enhance the value of our Class A Shares.

Risks Related to SoundHound AI’s Business

The market in which SoundHound AI operates is highly competitive and rapidly changing and SoundHound AI may be unable to compete successfully.

There are a number of companies that develop or may develop products that compete in the Voice AI market. The market for SoundHound AI’s products and technologies is characterized by intense competition, evolving industry and regulatory standards, emerging business and distribution models, disruptive software technology developments, short product and service life cycles, price sensitivity on the part of customers, and frequent new product introductions, including alternatives to certain of SoundHound AI’s products from other vendors which may be offered at significantly lower costs or free of charge. Current and potential competitors have established, or may establish, cooperative relationships among themselves or with third parties to increase the ability of their technologies to address the needs of SoundHound AI’s current and prospective customers. Furthermore, current or prospective customers may decide to develop competing products or to establish, strategic relationships with SoundHound AI’s competitors.

Competition in the Voice AI market could adversely affect SoundHound AI’s operating results by reducing the volume of the products and technologies SoundHound AI licenses or sells, the prices SoundHound AI can charge or the obligations of SoundHound AI to incur expenses or capital costs associated with the development, acquisition or promotion of new products or technologies. Some of SoundHound AI’s current or potential competitors are large technology companies that have significantly greater financial, technical and marketing resources than SoundHound AI does, and others are smaller specialized companies that possess specialized expertise or regional focus and may have greater price flexibility than SoundHound AI does in connection with their business models. These competitors may be able to respond more rapidly than SoundHound AI can to new or emerging technologies or changes in customer requirements, or may decide to offer products at low or unsustainable cost to win new business or to retain their existing clients. They may also devote greater resources to the development, promotion and sale of their products than SoundHound AI does, and in certain cases may be able to include or combine their competitive products or technologies with other of their products or technologies in a manner whereby the competitive functionality is available at lower cost or free of charge within the larger offering. To the extent they do so, the penetration of SoundHound AI’s products, and therefore its revenue, may be adversely affected. SoundHound AI’s large competitors may also have greater access to customer data, which provides them with a competitive advantage in developing new products and technologies. SoundHound AI’s success depends substantially upon its ability to enhance its products and technologies, to develop and introduce, on a timely and cost-effective basis, new products and technologies that meet changing customer requirements and incorporate technological enhancements, and to maintain SoundHound AI’s alignment with the technologies and market strategies of its customers, which change and advance over time. If SoundHound AI is unable to develop new products and enhance functionalities or technologies to adapt to these changes and maintain SoundHound AI’s alignment with its customers, its business will suffer.

Adverse conditions in the Voice AI market or the global economy more generally could have adverse effects on SoundHound AI’s results of operations.

SoundHound AI’s business depends on, and is directly affected by, the global Voice AI market, as well as the global economy more generally, including global economic trends affecting the automotive, internet of things (“IoT”), mobile application, call center, semiconductor device maker and restaurant and hospitality industries. For example,

15

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI’s largest customers are currently in the automotive industry, and automotive production and sales are highly cyclical and depend on general economic conditions and other factors, including consumer spending and preferences, changes in interest rate levels and credit availability, consumer confidence, fuel costs, fuel availability, environmental impact, governmental incentives and regulatory requirements, and political volatility, especially in energy-producing countries and growth markets. Such factors may also negatively impact consumer demand for products, including automobiles, that incorporate or use SoundHound AI products or technologies. In addition, global production and sales trends can be affected by SoundHound AI’s customers’ ability to continue operating in response to challenging economic conditions, and in response to labor relations issues, regulatory requirements, trade agreements and other factors. The volume of global automotive production, in particular, has fluctuated, sometimes significantly, from year to year, and such fluctuations give rise to fluctuations in the demand for SoundHound AI’s products. Any significant adverse change in any of these factors, including, but not limited to, general economic conditions and the resulting bankruptcy of a customer or the closure of a customer manufacturing facility, may result in a reduction in sales and production by SoundHound AI’s customers, and could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

SoundHound AI’s strategy to increase cloud connected and embedded products and technologies and expand the number of foreign languages SoundHound AI understands may adversely affect its near-term revenue growth and results of operations.

SoundHound AI has been and is continuing to develop new cloud-connected and embedded products and technologies and expand the number of foreign languages that its products and technologies understand. The design and development of new cloud-connected and embedded products and technologies and the addition of new languages will involve significant expense. SoundHound AI’s research and development costs have greatly increased in recent years and, together with certain expenses associated with delivering SoundHound AI’s connected services, are projected to continue to escalate in the near future. SoundHound AI may encounter difficulties with designing, developing, and releasing new cloud-connected and embedded components, as well as integrating these components with SoundHound AI’s existing technologies. These development issues may further increase costs and may affect SoundHound AI’s ability to innovate in a manner that allows SoundHound AI to remain competitive relative to its peers. As a result, SoundHound AI’s strategy to incorporate more cloud-connected and embedded components may adversely affect its revenue growth and results of operations.

Pricing pressures from SoundHound AI’s customers may adversely affect its results of operations.

SoundHound AI may experience pricing pressure from its customers in the future, including, relative to its automotive industry customers, pricing pressure resulting from the strong purchasing power of major OEMs SoundHound AI may be expected to quote fixed prices or be forced to accept prices with annual price reduction commitments for long-term sales arrangements or discounted reimbursements for SoundHound AI’s work. Any price reductions could impact SoundHound AI’s sales and profit margins. SoundHound AI’s profitability is also influenced by its success in designing and marketing technological improvements in Voice AI systems. If SoundHound AI is unable to offset any price reductions in the future, its business, results of operations and financial condition would be adversely affected.

Currently, SoundHound AI’s largest customers are OEMs, and while SoundHound AI invests effort and money seeking OEMs’ validation of SoundHound AI’s technology, and there can be no assurance that SoundHound AI will win or be able to renew its contracts with OEM customers, which could adversely affect SoundHound AI’s results of operations.

Some of SoundHound AI’s largest customers are currently OEMs and SoundHound AI invests effort and money in product research and development in relationship to SoundHound AI’s OEM customers from the time an OEM or a “Tier 1” supplier to OEMs begins designing for an upcoming program through the date on which an OEM or Tier 1 supplier customer chooses SoundHound AI’s technology to be incorporated directly or indirectly into one or more specific vehicle models to be produced by such customer. This selection process is known as a “design win.” SoundHound AI could expend its resources on these and similar efforts without success. After a design win, a product or technology that did not receive the design win may not be able to displace the winner until the customer begins a new selection process because it is very unlikely that a customer will change complex technology until a product model is revamped. In addition, the company with the winning design may have an advantage with the customer going forward because of the established relationship between the winning company and such customer, which could make

16

Table of Contents

it more difficult for such company’s competitors to win the designs for other service contracts. Even if SoundHound AI has an established relationship with a customer, any failure to perform under a service contract or innovate in response to their feedback may neutralize its advantage with that customer. If SoundHound AI fails to win a significant number of customer design competitions in the future or to renew a significant number of existing service contracts, SoundHound AI’s operating results would be adversely affected. Moreover, to the extent SoundHound AI is unable to renew existing service contracts, this would negatively impact its revenue. The period of time from winning a contract to implementation is long and SoundHound AI is subject to the risks of cancellation or postponement of the contract or unsuccessful implementation.

SoundHound AI’s products are technologically complex and incorporate many technological innovations. Prospective customers generally must make significant commitments of resources to test and validate SoundHound AI’s products before including them in a product or vehicle. The development cycles of SoundHound AI’s products with new customers are approximately six months to two years after a design win, depending on the customer and the complexity of the product. These development cycles result in SoundHound AI investing its resources in customers and customer products prior to realizing any revenues from the related customer contracts. Further, SoundHound AI is subject to the risk that a customer cancels or postpones implementation of SoundHound AI’s technology, as well as that SoundHound AI will not be able to implement its technology successfully. Additionally, SoundHound AI’s sales could be less than forecast if the product is unsuccessful, including for reasons unrelated to its technology. Long development cycles and product cancellations or postponements may adversely affect SoundHound AI’s business, results of operations.

SoundHound AI’s operating results could be materially and adversely affected if it loses any of its largest customers.

The loss of business from any of SoundHound AI’s major customers, whether by lower overall demand for the products manufactured by its major customers, cancellation of existing contracts or the failure to award SoundHound AI new business, could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s operating results. Alternatively, there is a risk that one or more of SoundHound AI’s major customers could be unable to pay its invoices as they become due or that a customer will simply refuse to make such payments given its financial difficulties. If a major customer becomes subject to bankruptcy or similar proceedings whereby contractual commitments are subject to stay of execution and the possibility of legal or other modification, or if a major customer otherwise successfully procures protection against SoundHound AI legally enforcing its obligations, it is likely that SoundHound AI will be forced to record a substantial loss. In addition, certain of SoundHound AI’s customers that are tier 1 suppliers to the automotive industry exclusively sell to certain OEMs, including some of SoundHound AI’s other customers. A bankruptcy of, or other significant disruption to, any of these OEMs could intensify any adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

During the 12 months ended December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively, two and three customers accounted for the following approximate percentages of SoundHound AI’s total revenues during the applicable period: 43% and 61%. However, the majority of these revenues were from non-refundable upfront payments (as opposed to subscription services), where SoundHound AI performed their contractual obligations related to the services prior to December 31, 2021 and the related revenues are recognized over time for GAAP accounting purposes. For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, four and two customers accounted for 70% and 64% of revenue. At June 30, 2022, accounts receivable balances due from four customers collectively totaled 54% of the Company’s condensed consolidated accounts receivable balance compared to accounts receivable balances due from five customers collectively totaling 86% of the Company’s condensed consolidated accounts receivable balance at December 31, 2021.

In addition to upfront payments pursuant to professional services or custom engineering agreements, SoundHound AI generally enters into master service agreements with its largest customers and also provides them with engineering and custom services. Our largest current customers entered into master services agreements with SoundHound AI pursuant to which they are provided Houndify Cloud Services and, in some cases, associated services on an as-needed basis. The license fees that SoundHound AI receives under our master services agreements are either fixed minimum monthly hosting fees with overage charges based on usage, or determined based on the volume of products that our customers sell that utilize SoundHound AI technology. Our master services agreements generally renew automatically for one year terms and are terminable by the customer upon prior written notice of six months to one year. As of the date of this prospectus, SoundHound AI has no reason to believe that its largest customers will discontinue or reduce its usage of SoundHound AI services.

17

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI’s operating results may fluctuate significantly from period to period, and this may cause its stock price to decline.

SoundHound AI’s operating results may fluctuate materially in the future. These fluctuations may cause SoundHound AI’s results of operations to not meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors which would likely cause the price of its stock to decline. Factors that may contribute to fluctuations in operating results include:

        the volume, timing and fulfilment of large customer contracts;

        renewals of existing customer contracts and wins of new customer programs;

        increased expenditures incurred pursuing new product or market opportunities;

        receipt of royalty reports;

        fluctuating sales by SoundHound AI’s customers to their end-users;

        contractual counterparties failing to meet their contractual commitments to SoundHound AI;

        introduction of new products by SoundHound AI or its competitors;

        cybersecurity or data breaches;

        reduction in the prices of SoundHound AI’s products in response to competition, market conditions or contractual obligations;

        impairment of goodwill or intangible assets;

        accounts receivable that are not collectible;

        higher than anticipated costs related to fixed-price contracts with SoundHound AI’s customers;

        change in costs due to regulatory or trade restrictions;

        expenses incurred in litigation matters, whether initiated by SoundHound AI or brought by third-parties against SoundHound AI, and settlements or judgments it is required to pay in connection with disputes; and

        general economic trends as they affect the customer bases into which SoundHound AI and its customers sell and operate.

Due to the foregoing factors, among others, SoundHound AI’s revenue and operating results may fluctuate significantly from period to period. SoundHound AI’s expense levels are based in significant part on its expectations of future revenue, and SoundHound AI may not be able to reduce its expenses quickly to respond to near-term shortfalls in projected revenue. Therefore, SoundHound AI’s failure to meet revenue expectations would seriously harm its operating results, financial condition, and cash flows.

SoundHound AI has generated substantial net losses and negative operating cash flows since its inception and expects to continue to do so for the foreseeable future.

To date, SoundHound AI has generated substantial net losses and negative cash flows from operating activities. SoundHound AI expects that its net losses and its negative operating cash flows will continue for the foreseeable future, as SoundHound AI increases its development activities, and invest in sales and marketing. SoundHound AI also expects to incur the incremental costs of operating as a public company, contributing to SoundHound AI’s losses and operating uses of cash. SoundHound AI’s costs may also increase due to such factors as higher than anticipated financing and other costs; increases in the costs of labor or infrastructure; and major incidents or catastrophic events. If any of these or similar factors occur, SoundHound AI’s net losses and accumulated deficit could increase significantly and the price of shares of its Class A Common Stock could decline.

18

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI may not be able to obtain capital when desired on favorable terms, if at all, or without dilution to its stockholders.

SoundHound AI anticipates that current cash, cash equivalents, cash provided by operating activities and funds available through SoundHound AI’s working capital line of credit, will be sufficient to meet its current and anticipated needs for general corporate purposes. SoundHound AI operates in an emerging market, however, which makes SoundHound AI’s prospects difficult to evaluate. It is possible that SoundHound AI may not generate sufficient cash flow from operations or otherwise have the capital resources to meet SoundHound AI’s future capital needs. If this occurs, SoundHound AI may need additional financing to execute on its current or future business strategies, including to:

        hire additional software engineers, sales and marketing professionals, and other personnel;

        develop new or enhance existing products and services;

        enhance SoundHound AI’s operating infrastructure;

        acquire complementary businesses or technologies; or

        otherwise respond to competitive pressures.

If SoundHound AI raises additional funds through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, the percentage ownership of its stockholders could be significantly diluted, and these newly-issued securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing stockholders, including those acquiring shares in this offering. SoundHound AI cannot assure you that additional financing will be available on terms favorable to SoundHound AI, or at all. If adequate funds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms, if and when needed, SoundHound AI’s ability to fund its operations, take advantage of unanticipated opportunities, develop or enhance its products, or otherwise respond to competitive pressures would be significantly limited.

The loss of one or more key members of SoundHound AI’s management team or personnel, or its failure to attract, integrate and retain additional personnel in the future, could harm its business and negatively affect its ability to successfully grow its business.

SoundHound AI is highly dependent upon the continued service and performance of the key members of SoundHound AI’s management team and other personnel. The loss of any of these individuals, each of whom is “at will” and may terminate his or her employment relationship with us at any time, could disrupt SoundHound AI’s operations and significantly delay or prevent the achievement of our business objectives.

Additionally, if any of SoundHound AI’s key management team members or other employees were to leave, SoundHound AI could face substantial difficulty in hiring qualified successors and could experience a loss in productivity while any successor obtains the necessary training and experience. Although SoundHound AI has arrangements with some of its executive officers designed to promote retention, its employment relationships are generally at-will and SoundHound AI has had key employees leave in the past. SoundHound AI cannot assure you that one or more key employees will not leave in the future. SoundHound AI intends to continue to hire additional highly qualified personnel, including research and development and operational personnel, but may not be able to attract, assimilate or retain qualified personnel in the future or may be required to pay increased compensation in order to do so. Any failure to attract, integrate, motivate and retain such employees could harm SoundHound AI’s business or impair our ability to timely meet business goals and objectives.

SoundHound AI depends on skilled employees and could be impacted by a shortage of critical skills.

Much of SoundHound AI’s future success depends on the continued service and availability of skilled employees, particularly with respect to technical areas. Skilled and experienced personnel in the areas where SoundHound AI competes are in high demand, and competition for their talents is intense. Many of SoundHound AI’s key employees receive a total compensation package that includes equity awards. New regulations or volatility in the stock market could diminish SoundHound AI’s use, and the value, of its equity awards. This would place SoundHound AI at a competitive disadvantage in attracting qualified personnel or force it to offer more cash compensation.

19

Table of Contents

Cybersecurity and data privacy incidents or breaches may damage client relations and inhibit SoundHound AI’s growth.

The confidentiality and security of SoundHound AI’s information, and that of third parties, is critical to SoundHound AI’s business. SoundHound AI’s services involve the transmission, use, and storage of customers’ and their customers’ information, which may be confidential or contain personally identifiable information. Any cybersecurity or data privacy incidents could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s results of operations and financial condition. While SoundHound AI maintains a broad array of information security and privacy measures, policies and practices, its networks may be breached through a variety of means, resulting in someone obtaining unauthorized access to SoundHound AI’s information, to information of SoundHound AI’s customers or their customers, or to SoundHound AI’s intellectual property; disabling or degrading service; or sabotaging systems or information. In addition, hardware, software, systems, or applications SoundHound AI develops or procure from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture or other problems that could unexpectedly compromise information security. Unauthorized parties may also attempt to gain access to SoundHound AI’s systems or facilities, or those of third parties with whom SoundHound AI does business, through fraud or other forms of deceiving SoundHound AI’s employees, contractors, and vendors. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, or to sabotage systems, change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, SoundHound AI may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. SoundHound AI will continue to incur significant costs to continuously enhance its information security measures to defend against the threat of cybercrime. Any cybersecurity or data privacy incident or breach may result in:

        loss of revenue resulting from the operational disruption;

        loss of revenue or increased bad debt expense due to the inability to invoice properly or to customer dissatisfaction resulting in collection issues;

        loss of revenue due to loss of customers;

        material remediation costs to recreate or restore systems;

        material investments in new or enhanced systems in order to enhance SoundHound AI’s information security posture;

        cost of incentives offered to customers to restore confidence and maintain business relationships;

        reputational damage resulting in the failure to retain or attract customers;

        costs associated with potential litigation or governmental investigations;

        costs associated with any required notices of a data breach;

        costs associated with the potential loss of critical business data;

        difficulties enhancing or creating new products due to loss of data or data integrity issues; and

        other consequences of which SoundHound AI is not currently aware but would discover through the process of remediating any cybersecurity or data privacy incidents or breaches that may occur.

SoundHound AI’s business is subject to a variety of domestic and international laws, rules, policies and other obligations, including data protection and anticorruption.

SoundHound AI is subject to U.S. and international laws and regulations in multiple areas, including data protection, anticorruption, labor relations, tax, foreign currency, anti-competition, import, export and trade regulations, and SoundHound AI is subject to a complex array of federal, state and international laws relating to the collection, use, retention, disclosure, security and transfer of personally identifiable information. In many cases, these laws apply not only to transfers between unrelated third-parties but also to transfers between SoundHound AI and its subsidiaries. Many jurisdictions have passed laws in this area, and other jurisdictions are considering imposing additional restrictions. The European Commission adopted the European General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”), which went into

20

Table of Contents

effect on May 25, 2018. In addition, California adopted significant new consumer privacy laws that became effective beginning in January 2020. Complying with the GDPR and other requirements may cause SoundHound AI to incur substantial costs and may require it to change our business practices. Additionally,

China has recently implemented new regulation pertaining to cybersecurity and the protection of personal information, including the Data Security Law which took effect in September 2001 and the Personal Information Protection Law which took effect in November 2021. Interpretation, application and enforcement of these laws, rules and regulations evolve from time to time and their scope may continually change, through new legislation, amendments to existing legislation or changes in enforcement. Compliance with cybersecurity and data security legislation could significantly increase the cost to SoundHound AI of carrying out its business in China, require significant changes to its operations or even prevent SoundHound AI from providing certain service offerings in jurisdictions in which SoundHound AI currently operates or in which it may operate in the future.

Despite SoundHound AI’s efforts to comply with applicable laws, regulations and other obligations relating to privacy, data protection and information security, it is possible that SoundHound AI’s practices, offerings or platform could fail to meet all of the requirements imposed on SoundHound AI by legislation relating to cybersecurity, data security and/or related implementing regulations. Any failure on SoundHound AI’s part to comply with such law or regulations or any other obligations relating to privacy, data protection or information security, or any compromise of security that results in unauthorized access, use or release of personally identifiable information or other data, or the perception or allegation that any of the foregoing types of failure or compromise has occurred, could damage SoundHound AI’s reputation, discourage new and existing counterparties from contracting with SoundHound AI or result in investigations, fines, suspension or other penalties and private claims or litigation, any of which could materially adversely affect SoundHound AI’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Even if SoundHound AI’s practices are not subject to legal challenge, the perception of privacy concerns, whether or not valid, may harm its reputation and brand and adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, the legal uncertainty created by certain of these laws, including the Data Security Law, and recent government actions could materially adversely affect its ability, on favorable terms, to raise capital, including engaging in follow-on offerings of its securities in the U.S. market once SoundHound AI is a public. Compliance with data security and personal information protection laws, may result in additional expenses to SoundHound AI and subject it to negative publicity, which could harm SoundHound AI’s reputation among users and negatively affect the trading price of its shares in the future. Furthermore, SoundHound AI’s data transfer policies may be subject to additional compliance requirement and regulatory burdens, and SoundHound AI may be required to make further adjustments to its business practices to comply with the interpretation and implementation of such laws, which may increase our compliance costs and adversely affect our operating results.

Any failure by SoundHound AI, its customers or other parties with whom SoundHound AI does business to comply with its privacy policy or with federal, state or international privacy-related or data protection laws and regulations could result in proceedings against SoundHound AI by governmental entities or others. Any alleged or actual failure to comply with applicable privacy laws and regulations may:

        cause SoundHound AI’s customers to lose confidence in its solutions;

        harm SoundHound AI’s reputation;

        expose SoundHound AI to litigation, regulatory investigations and to resulting liabilities including reimbursement of customer costs, damages penalties or fines imposed by regulatory agencies; and

        require SoundHound AI to incur significant expenses for remediation.

SoundHound AI is also subject to a variety of anticorruption laws in respect of its international operations, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act and the Canadian Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act, and regulations issued by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the U.S. Bureau of Industry and Security, the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, and various other foreign governmental agencies. SoundHound AI cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of future regulatory requirements to which its international operations might be subject or the manner in which existing laws might be administered or interpreted. Actual or alleged violations of these laws and regulations could lead to enforcement actions and financial penalties that could result in substantial costs.

21

Table of Contents

Because a significant portion of SoundHound AI’s revenues are derived, and a significant portion of its research and development activities are based, outside the United States, its results could be harmed by economic, political, regulatory, foreign currency fluctuations and other risks associated with these international regions.

Because SoundHound AI operates worldwide, its business is subject to risks associated with doing business internationally. SoundHound AI currently generates most of its international revenue in Europe and Asia, and SoundHound AI anticipates that revenue from international operations could increase in the future. SoundHound AI conducts a significant portion of the development of its voice recognition and natural language understanding solutions in Canada, Germany, Japan and China. SoundHound AI is exposed to fluctuating exchange rates of foreign currencies including the euro, British pound, Canadian dollar, Chinese RMB, Japanese yen, Indian rupee and South Korean won. Accordingly, SoundHound AI’s future results could be harmed by a variety of factors associated with international sales and operations, including:

        adverse political and economic conditions, or changes to such conditions, in a specific region or country;

        trade protection measures, including tariffs and import/export controls, imposed by the United States and/or by other countries or regional authorities such as China, Canada or the European Union;

        the impact on local and global economies of the United Kingdom leaving the European Union;

        changes in foreign currency exchange rates or the lack of ability to hedge certain foreign currencies;

        compliance with laws and regulations in many countries and any subsequent changes in such laws and regulations;

        geopolitical turmoil, including terrorism and war;

        changing data privacy regulations and customer requirements to locate data centers in certain jurisdictions;

        evolving restrictions on cross-border investment, including recent enhancements to the oversight by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States pursuant to the Foreign Investment Risk Preview Modernization Act and substantial restrictions on investment from China;

        changes in applicable tax laws;

        difficulties in staffing and managing operations in multiple locations in many countries;

        longer payment cycles of foreign customers and timing of collections in foreign jurisdictions; and

        less effective protection of intellectual property than in the United States.

SoundHound AI’s business in China is subject to aggressive competition and is sensitive to economic, market and political conditions.

SoundHound AI operates in the highly competitive Voice AI market in China and face competition from both international and smaller domestic manufacturers. SoundHound AI currently generates less than $1.0 million annually in revenue from its operations in China, though SoundHound AI expects to expand its business in China going forward. SoundHound AI anticipates that additional competitors, both international and domestic, may seek to enter the Chinese market resulting in increased competition. Increased competition may result in price reductions, reduced margins and SoundHound AI’s inability to gain or hold market share. There have been periods of increased market volatility and moderation in the levels of economic growth in China, which resulted in periods of lower automotive production growth rates in China than those previously experienced, including in the Chinese automotive production industry, which affects SoundHound AI because SoundHound AI’s largest customers are currently OEMs. In addition, political tensions between China and the United States may negatively impact SoundHound AI’s ability to conduct business in China. If SoundHound AI is unable to grow or maintain its position in the Chinese market, the pace of growth slows or vehicle sales in China decrease, SoundHound AI’s business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely effected. Government regulations and business considerations may also require SoundHound AI to conduct business in China through joint ventures with Chinese companies. SoundHound AI’s participation in joint

22

Table of Contents

ventures would limit its control over Chinese operations and may expose SoundHound AI’s proprietary technologies to misappropriation by joint venture partners. The above risks, if realized, could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s results of operations.

If the Chinese government deems that the contractual arrangements in relation to SoundHound AI’s variable interest entity do not comply with Chinese governmental restrictions on foreign investment, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations changes in the future, SoundHound AI could be subject to penalties or be forced to relinquish SoundHound AI’s interests in those operations.

SoundHound AI currently generates less than $1.0 million annually in revenue from its operations in China, though SoundHound AI expects to expand its business in China going forward. Foreign ownership of certain types of internet businesses, such as internet information services, is subject to restrictions under applicable Chinese laws, rules and regulations. For example, foreign investors are generally not permitted to own more than 50% of the equity interests in a value-added telecommunication service provider. Any such foreign investor must also have experience and a good track record in providing value-added telecommunications services overseas. Accordingly, under current and applicable Chinese laws, it is possible that SoundHound AI will lose the license that currently permits its operations of its Chinese subsidiary.

It is uncertain whether any new Chinese laws, rules or regulations relating to variable interest entity structures will be adopted or if adopted, what they would provide. If SoundHound AI or its variable interest entity are found to be in violation of any existing or future Chinese laws, rules or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required permits or approvals, the relevant Chinese regulatory authorities would have broad discretion to take action in dealing with such violations or failures, including revoking the operating licenses of its Chinese subsidiary or variable interest entity, requiring SoundHound AI to discontinue or restrict its operations, restricting its right to collect revenue, blocking one or more of its websites, requiring SoundHound AI to restructure its operations or taking other regulatory or enforcement actions against SoundHound AI. The imposition of any of these measures could result in a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s ability to conduct all or any portion of its business operations through its Chinese subsidiary. In addition, it is unclear what impact Chinese government actions would have on SoundHound AI and on its ability to consolidate the financial results of its variable interest entity in its consolidated financial statements, if the Chinese government authorities were to find SoundHound AI’s legal structure and contractual arrangements to be in violation of Chinese laws, rules and regulations. If the imposition of any of these government actions causes SoundHound AI to lose its right to direct the activities of its variable interest entity or otherwise separate from it and if SoundHound AI is not able to restructure its ownership structure and operations in a satisfactory manner, SoundHound AI would no longer be able to consolidate the financial results of its variable interest entity in its consolidated financial statements. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s business, financial condition and results of operations through its Chinese subsidiary.

Interruptions or delays in SoundHound AI’s services or services from data center hosting facilities or public clouds could impair the delivery of its services and harm its business.

Because SoundHound AI’s services are complex and incorporate a variety of third-party hardware and software, its services may have errors or defects that could result in unanticipated downtime for its customers and harm to its reputation and its business. SoundHound AI has from time to time, found defects in its services, and new errors in its services may be detected in the future. In addition, SoundHound AI currently serves its customers from data center hosting facilities or third-party public clouds SoundHound AI directly manages. Any damage to, or failure of, the systems and facilities that serve SoundHound AI’s customers in whole or in part could result in interruptions in its service. Interruptions in SoundHound AI’s service may reduce its revenue, cause SoundHound AI to issue credits or pay service level agreement penalties, cause customers to terminate their on-demand services, and adversely affect SoundHound AI’s renewal rates and its ability to attract new customers.

SoundHound AI is subject to certain U.S. and foreign anti-corruption, anti-money laundering, export control, sanctions, and other trade laws and regulations. SoundHound AI can face serious consequences for violations.

Among other matters, U.S. and foreign anti-corruption, anti-money laundering, export control, sanctions, and other trade laws and regulations, which are collectively referred to as Trade Laws, prohibit companies and their employees, agents, clinical research organizations, legal counsel, accountants, consultants, contractors, and other partners from authorizing, promising, offering, providing, soliciting, or receiving directly or indirectly, corrupt or

23

Table of Contents

improper payments or anything else of value to or from recipients in the public or private sector. Violations of Trade Laws can result in substantial criminal fines and civil penalties, imprisonment, the loss of trade privileges, debarment, tax reassessments, breach of contract and fraud litigation, reputational harm, and other consequences. SoundHound AI also expects its non-U.S. activities to increase in time.

SoundHound AI’s business is subject to risks, expenses and uncertainties associated with selling its solutions in locations outside the United States that could adversely affect its operating results.

In 2021 and 2020 and for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, SoundHound AI derived approximately 76%, 73%, 69% and 81%, respectively, of its revenues from customer(s) located in countries outside the United States, and SoundHound AI plans to increase its international operations in the future. Accordingly, SoundHound AI expects to increasingly face significant operational risks and expenses from doing business internationally.

SoundHound AI’s international operating results may be affected by volatility in currency exchange rates and its ability to effectively manage its currency transaction risks. SoundHound AI would incur currency transaction risks if SoundHound AI were to enter into either a purchase or a sale transaction using a different currency from the currency in which SoundHound AI reports revenue. In such cases, SoundHound AI may suffer an exchange loss because SoundHound AI does not currently engage in currency swaps or other currency hedging strategies to address this risk. As SoundHound AI realizes its strategy to expand internationally, its exposure to currency risks may increase. Given the volatility of exchange rates, SoundHound AI can give no assurance that it will be able to effectively manage its Currency transaction risks or that any volatility in currency exchange rates will not have a material adverse effect on its results of operations.

Other risks and uncertainties SoundHound AI faces from its global operations include, but are not limited to:

        difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations;

        limited protection for the enforcement of contract and intellectual property rights in certain countries where SoundHound AI may sell SoundHound AI’s solutions or work with suppliers or other third parties;

        potentially longer sales and payment cycles and potentially greater difficulties in collecting accounts receivable;

        costs and difficulties of customizing solutions for foreign countries;

        challenges in providing solutions across a significant distance, in different languages and among different cultures;

        laws and business practices favoring local competition;

        being subject to a wide variety of complex foreign laws, treaties and regulations and adjusting to any unexpected changes in such laws, treaties and regulations;

        specific and significant regulations, including, but not limited to, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), which imposes compliance obligations on companies who possess and use data of EU residents;

        differences in analysis of regulatory, legal and tax issues across various countries, such as different interpretations of antitrust and competition laws;

        uncertainty and resultant political, financial and market instability arising from the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union;

        compliance with U.S. laws affecting activities of U.S. companies abroad, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act;

        uncertainties related to geopolitical risks, including the relationship between the U.S. government and the government of other nations;

        tariffs, trade barriers and other regulatory or contractual limitations on SoundHound AI’s ability to sell or develop its solutions in certain foreign markets;

24

Table of Contents

        operating in countries with a higher incidence of corruption and fraudulent business practices;

        changes in regulatory requirements, including export controls, tariffs and embargoes, other trade restrictions, competition, corporate practices and data privacy concerns;

        potential adverse tax consequences arising from global operations;

        seasonal reductions in business activity in certain parts of the world, particularly during the summer months in Europe and at year-end globally;

        rapid changes in government, economic and political policies and conditions; and

        political or civil unrest or instability, terrorism or epidemics or pandemics (including any risks related to or resulting from COVID-19) and other similar outbreaks or events.

SoundHound AI’s failure to effectively manage the risks and uncertainties associated with its existing and planned global operations could limit the future growth of its business and adversely affect its operating results.

SoundHound AI relies on third-party telecommunications and internet service providers, including connectivity to its cloud software, and any failure by these service providers to provide reliable services could cause SoundHound AI to lose customers and subject it to claims for credits or damages, among other things.

SoundHound AI relies on services from third-party telecommunications providers in order to provide services to its customers and their customers, including telephone numbers. In addition, SoundHound AI depends on its internet bandwidth suppliers to provide uninterrupted and error-free service through their networks. SoundHound AI exercises little control over these third-party providers, which increases its vulnerability to problems with the services they provide.

When problems occur, it may be difficult to identify the source of the problem. Service disruption or outages, whether caused by SoundHound AI’s service, the products or services of SoundHound AI’s third-party service providers, or SoundHound AI’s customers’ or their customers’ equipment and systems, may result in loss of market acceptance of its products and technologies and any necessary remedial actions may force it to incur significant costs and expenses.

If any of these service providers fail to provide reliable services, suffer outages, degrade, disrupt, increase the cost of or terminate the services that SoundHound AI and its customers depend on, SoundHound AI may be required to switch to another service provider. Delays caused by switching SoundHound AI’s technology to another service provider, if available, and qualifying this new service provider could materially harm its operating results. Further, any failure on the part of third-party service providers to achieve or maintain expected performance levels, stability and security could harm SoundHound AI’s relationships with its customers, cause it to lose customers, result in claims for credits or damages, increase its costs or the costs incurred by its customers, damage its reputation, significantly reduce customer demand for its products and technologies and seriously harm its and operating results.

SoundHound AI’s customers rely on third-party telecommunications and internet service providers to provide them with access and connectivity to SoundHound AI’s cloud software, and changes in how telecommunication and internet service providers handle and charge for access to telecommunications and the internet could materially harm SoundHound AI’s customer relationships, business, financial condition and operations results.

SoundHound AI’s customers must have access to wireless telecommunications and/or broadband internet access services in order to use certain of its products and certain of its offerings require substantial capacity to operate effectively. In the United States, wireless telecommunications and internet access services are provided by relatively few companies that, depending on the geographic area, have market power over such offerings. It is possible that these companies could charge SoundHound AI, its customers, or both fees to guarantee a service amount of capacity, or for quality of wireless telecommunications and broadband internet access services, that could advantage SoundHound AI’s competitors by degrading, disrupting, limiting, or otherwise restricting the use of infrastructure required to support SoundHound AI’s services. These providers likely have the ability to increase SoundHound AI’s rates, SoundHound AI’s customers’ rates, or both for wireless telecommunications and/or broadband internet access services which may increase the cost of SoundHound AI’s products and technologies making its products and technologies less competitive or decreasing SoundHound AI’s profit margins.

25

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI’s plans to expand upon and establish new public cloud-based data centers for its U.S. and international operations may be unsuccessful and may present execution and competitive risks.

SoundHound AI plans to expand upon and establish new public cloud deployments in the future to facilitate its platform in the U.S. and certain international markets. SoundHound AI may partner with one or more third-parties to develop, test and deploy its technology to offer a full stack of products on the public cloud in the U.S. and certain international markets. SoundHound AI’s public cloud-based platform offering is critical to developing and providing its products to its customers, scaling its business for future growth, accurately maintaining data and otherwise operating its business. Infrastructure buildouts on the public cloud are complex, time-consuming and may involve substantial expenditures. In addition, the implementation of public cloud-based data centers involves risks, including loss of information and potential disruption to SoundHound AI’s normal operations. Deficiencies in the design, implementation or maintenance of the cloud-based data centers could materially harm SoundHound AI’s business.

As SoundHound AI considers approaches for expanding internationally, government regulation protecting the non-discriminatory provision of internet access may be nascent or non-existent. In those markets where regulatory safeguards against unreasonable discrimination are nascent or non-existent and where local network operators possess substantial market power, SoundHound AI could experience anti-competitive practices that could impede its growth, cause it to incur additional expenses or otherwise harm its business. Future regulations or changes in laws and regulations or their existing interpretations or applications could also hinder SoundHound AI’s operational flexibility, raise compliance costs and result in additional liabilities for SoundHound AI, which may harm its business.

Sales to customers outside the United States or customers with international operations and SoundHound AI’s international sales efforts and operations expose it to risks inherent in international sales and operations.

An element of SoundHound AI’s growth strategy is to expand its international sales efforts and develop a worldwide customer base. SoundHound AI’s international expansion may not be successful and may not produce the return on investment it expects.

SoundHound AI’s international subsidiaries employ workers primarily in Canada, Germany, Japan, China, France and Korea. Operating in international markets requires significant resources and management attention and subjects it to intellectual property, regulatory, economic and political risks that are different from those in the United States. As SoundHound AI increases its international sales efforts it will face risks in doing business internationally that could harm its business, including:

        the need to establish and protect SoundHound AI’s brand in international markets;

        the need to localize and adapt SoundHound AI’s products for specific countries, including translation into foreign languages and associated costs and expenses;

        difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations, particularly hiring and training qualified sales and service personnel;

        the need to implement and offer customer care in various languages;

        different pricing environments, longer sales and accounts receivable payment cycles and collections issues;

        weaker protection for intellectual property and other legal rights than in the U.S. and practical difficulties in enforcing intellectual property and other rights outside of the U.S.;

        privacy and data protection laws and regulations that are complex, expensive to comply with and may require that customer data be stored and processed in a designated territory;

        increased risk of piracy, counterfeiting and other misappropriation of SoundHound AI’s intellectual property in its locations outside the U.S.;

        new and different sources of competition;

        general economic conditions in international markets;

26

Table of Contents

        fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies, which may make SoundHound AI’s products more expensive in other countries or may increase its costs, impacting its operating results when translated into U.S. dollars;

        compliance challenges related to the complexity of multiple, conflicting and changing governmental laws and regulations, including employment, tax, telecommunications and telemarketing laws and regulations;

        increased risk of international telecom fraud;

        laws and business practices favoring local competitors;

        compliance with laws and regulations applicable to foreign operations and cross border transactions, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-corruption laws, supply chain restrictions, import and export control laws, tariffs, trade barriers, economic sanctions and other regulatory or contractual limitations on SoundHound AI’s ability to sell its products in certain foreign markets, and the risks and costs of non-compliance;

        increased financial accounting and reporting burdens and complexities;

        restrictions or taxes on the transfer of funds;

        adverse tax consequences; and

        unstable economic and political conditions and potential accompanying shifts in laws and regulations.

These risks could harm SoundHound AI’s international operations, increase its operating costs and hinder its ability to grow its international business and, consequently, its overall business and results of operations.

In addition, compliance with laws and regulations applicable to SoundHound AI’s international operations increases its cost of doing business outside the United States. SoundHound AI may be unable to keep current with changes in foreign government requirements and laws as they change from time to time, which often occurs with minimal or no advance notice. Failure to comply with these regulations could harm its business. In many countries outside the United States, it is common for others to engage in business practices that are prohibited by SoundHound AI’s internal policies and procedures or United States or international regulations applicable to it. Although SoundHound AI has implemented policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with these laws and policies, there can be no assurance that all of its employees, contractors, strategic partners and agents will comply with these laws and policies. Violations of laws or key control policies by SoundHound AI’s employees, contractors, strategic partners or agents could result in delays in revenue recognition, financial reporting misstatements, fines, delays in filing financial reports required as a public company, penalties, or prohibitions on selling its products, any of which could harm its business.

Tax matters may cause significant variability in SoundHound AI’s operating results and may impact its overall financial condition.

SoundHound AI’s businesses are subject to income taxation in the United States, as well as in many tax jurisdictions throughout the world. Tax rates in these jurisdictions may be subject to significant change. If SoundHound AI’s effective tax rate increases, its operating results and cash flow could be adversely affected. SoundHound AI’s effective income tax rate can vary significantly between periods due to a number of complex factors including:

        projected levels of taxable income;

        pre-tax income being lower than anticipated in countries with lower statutory rates or higher than anticipated in countries with higher statutory rates;

        increases or decreases to valuation allowances recorded against deferred tax assets;

        tax audits conducted and settled by various tax authorities;

        adjustments to income taxes upon finalization of income tax returns;

        the ability to claim foreign tax credits;

27

Table of Contents

        the repatriation of non-U.S. earnings for which SoundHound AI has not previously provided for income taxes; and

        changes in tax laws and their interpretations in countries in which SoundHound AI is subject to taxation.

SoundHound AI regularly evaluates the need for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets, considering historical profitability, projected future taxable income, the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences and tax planning strategies. This analysis is heavily dependent upon SoundHound AI’s current and projected operating results. A decline in future operating results could provide substantial evidence that a full or partial valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is necessary. This could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s results of operations and financial condition.

Forecasts of SoundHound AI’s market and market growth may prove to be inaccurate, and even if the markets in which it competes achieve the forecasted growth, there can be no assurance that its business will grow at similar rates, or at all.

Growth forecasts described in this prospectus relating to SoundHound AI’s market opportunities, including in the Voice AI market and adjacent markets, and the expected growth thereof, are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates which may prove to be inaccurate. Even if these markets meet its size estimate and experience the forecasted growth, it may not grow its business at a similar rate, or at all. Its growth is subject to many factors, including its success in implementing its business strategy and ability to penetrate adjacent markets, which is subject to many risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, the forecasts of market growth included in this prospectus should not be taken as indicative of its future growth.

If SoundHound AI is unable to acquire new customers, its operating results will be harmed. Likewise, potential customer turnover in the future, or costs it incurs to retain its existing customers, could materially and adversely affect its operating results.

SoundHound AI’s success depends on its ability to acquire new customers in new and existing verticals, and in new and existing geographic markets. If SoundHound AI is unable to attract a sufficient number of new customers, it may be unable to reduce gross margins at desired rates and its operating results may suffer. The Voice AI market is competitive and many of SoundHound AI’s competitors have substantial financial, personnel and other resources that they utilize to develop solutions and attract customers. As a result, it may be difficult for us to add new customers to SoundHound AI’s existing customer base. Competition in the marketplace may also lead us to win fewer new customers or result in us providing discounts and other commercial incentives. Additional factors that impact SoundHound AI’s ability to acquire new customers include the perceived need for Voice AI -enabled products or Voice AI services, the size of prospective customers’ budgets for Voice AI, the utility and efficacy of SoundHound AI’s existing and new products, whether proven or perceived, and general economic conditions. These factors may have a meaningful negative impact on operating results.

If SoundHound AI does not successfully anticipate market needs, enhance its existing products, execute on delivering quality products and services, or develop new products and services that meet those needs on a timely basis, it may not be able to compete effectively and its ability to generate revenues will suffer.

SoundHound AI cannot guarantee that it will be able to anticipate future market needs and opportunities or be able to develop product and service enhancements or new products and services to meet such needs or opportunities in a timely manner, if at all. Even if SoundHound AI is able to anticipate, develop and commercially introduce enhancements and new products and services, there can be no assurance that enhancements or new products and services will achieve widespread market acceptance.

New products, as well as enhancements to its existing products, could fail to attain sufficient market acceptance for many reasons, including:

        delays in releasing new products, or product enhancements;

        failure to accurately predict market demand and to supply products that meet this demand in a timely fashion;

        defects in its products, errors or failures of its products;

28

Table of Contents

        negative publicity or perceptions about the performance or effectiveness of products;

        introduction or anticipated introduction of competing products or technologies by its competitors; and

        installation, configuration or usage errors by its customers.

If SoundHound AI fails to anticipate market requirements or fail to develop and introduce product enhancements or new products to meet those needs in a timely manner, it could cause us to lose existing customers and prevent us from gaining new customers, which would significantly harm its business, financial condition and results of operations.

If SoundHound AI spends significant time and effort on research and development and is unable to generate an adequate return on its investment, its results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

SoundHound AI’s business model is predicated, in part, on maintaining a customer base that will generate a recurring stream of revenues. If that recurring stream of revenues is not maintained or does not increase as expected, or if SoundHound AI’s business model changes as the industry evolves, its operating results may be adversely affected.

SoundHound AI’s business model is dependent, in part, on its ability to maintain and increase a customer base that generates recurring revenues. Existing and future customers of SoundHound AI’s products, technologies and systems may not purchase its subscriptions for its proprietary products or enter into service contracts with SoundHound AI at the same rate at which customers currently purchase those subscriptions or enter into service contracts with us. If SoundHound AI’s current and future customers purchase a lower volume of subscriptions for SoundHound AI’s proprietary products or do not continue entering into service contracts with us, SoundHound AI’s recurring revenue stream relative to its total revenues would be reduced and its operating results would be adversely affected.

SoundHound AI’s brand, reputation and ability to attract, retain and serve its customers are dependent in part upon the reliable performance of its products and technologies.

SoundHound AI’s brand, reputation and ability to attract, retain and serve its customers are dependent in part upon the reliable performance of, and the ability of its existing customers and new customers to access and use, its solutions, including real-time analytics and intelligence.

Interruptions in SoundHound AI’s systems or the third-party systems on which SoundHound AI and its products rely, whether due to system failures, computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins, or other factors, could affect the security or availability of our products, network infrastructure, cloud infrastructure and website.

Problems with the reliability or security of SoundHound AI’s systems could harm its reputation. Damage to SoundHound AI’s reputation and the cost of remedying these problems could negatively affect its business, financial condition, and operating results. Additionally, SoundHound AI’s third-party hosting suppliers in certain instances may have no obligations to renew their agreements with us on commercially reasonable terms or at all, and certain of the agreements governing these relationships may be terminated by either party at any time. If SoundHound AI is unable to maintain, renew, or expand its agreements with these providers on commercially reasonable terms, it may experience costs or downtime as it transitions its operations.

Any disruptions or other performance problems with its products could harm SoundHound AI’s reputation and business and may damage its customers’ businesses. Interruptions in its service delivery might reduce SoundHound AI’s revenue, cause SoundHound AI to issue credits to customers, subject us to potential liability and cause customers not to renew their subscription purchases of its products.

If SoundHound AI is unable to maintain and enhance its brand or reputation as an industry leader, its operating results may be adversely affected.

SoundHound AI believes that maintaining and enhancing its reputation as the leader in Voice AI market is critical to its relationship with its customers and its customers’ end-users and its ability to maintain customers and continue to attract new customers. The successful promotion of its brand will depend on multiple factors, including its marketing efforts, its ability to continue to deliver a superior customer experience and develop high-quality features for its products and its ability to successfully differentiate its products from those of its competitors. Its brand promotion activities may not be successful or yield increased revenue. The promotion of its brand requires

29

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI to make substantial expenditures, and it anticipates that the expenditures will increase as its market becomes more competitive, as it expands into new geographies and vertical markets and as more sales are generated through its reseller partners. To the extent that these activities yield increased revenue, this revenue may not offset the increased expenses it incurs. If SoundHound AI does not successfully maintain and enhance its brand and reputation, its operating results may be adversely affected.

Risks Relating to SoundHound AI’s Intellectual Property and Technology

SoundHound AI’s use of open source technology could impose limitations on its ability to commercialize its software.

SoundHound AI uses open source technology in some of its software and expect to continue to use open source technology in the future. Although we monitor its use of open source technology to avoid subjecting its software to conditions SoundHound AI does not intend, we may face allegations from others alleging ownership of, or seeking to enforce the terms of, an open source license, including by demanding release of the open source software, derivative works, or SoundHound AI’s proprietary source code that was developed using such technology. These allegations could also result in litigation. The terms of many open source licenses have not been interpreted by United States courts. There is a risk that these licenses could be construed in a way that could impose unanticipated conditions or restrictions on SoundHound AI’s ability to commercialize its software. In such an event, we may be required to seek licenses from third parties to continue commercially offering its software, to make its proprietary code generally available in source code form, to re-engineer its software or to discontinue the sale of its software if re-engineering could not be accomplished on a timely basis, any of which could adversely affect SoundHound AI’s business and revenue.

The use of open source technology could subject SoundHound AI to a number of other risks and challenges. Certain open source technology is subject to further development or modification by anyone. Others may develop such software to be competitive with or no longer useful by us. It is also possible for competitors to develop their own solutions using open source software, potentially reducing the demand for SoundHound AI’s software. If SoundHound AI is unable to successfully address these challenges, its operating results may be adversely affected, and its development costs may increase.

Third parties have claimed in the past and may claim in the future that SoundHound AI is infringing their intellectual property, and we could be exposed to significant litigation or licensing expenses or be prevented from selling SoundHound AI’s products or making its technologies available to its customers if such claims are successful.

SoundHound AI has been and in the future may be subject to claims and legal actions alleging that we or its customers may be infringing or contributing to the infringement of the intellectual property rights of others (though no material legal actions against SoundHound AI are currently pending). We may be unaware of intellectual property rights of others that may cover some of its technologies and products. If it appears necessary or desirable, we may seek licenses for these intellectual property rights. However, we may not be able to obtain licenses from some or all claimants, the terms of any offered licenses may not be acceptable to us, and we may not be able to resolve disputes without litigation. Any litigation regarding intellectual property could be costly and time-consuming and could divert the attention of SoundHound AI’s management and key personnel from its business operations. Intellectual property disputes could subject us to significant liabilities, require us to enter into royalty and licensing arrangements on unfavorable terms, prevent us from licensing certain of its products, cause severe disruptions to its operations or the markets in which we compete, or require us to satisfy indemnification commitments with its customers including contractual provisions under various arrangements. Furthermore, because of the substantial amount of discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of SoundHound AI’s confidential information could be compromised by disclosure during this type of litigation. For example, during the course of this kind of litigation, confidential information may be inadvertently disclosed in the form of documents or testimony in connection with discovery requests, depositions or trial testimony. This disclosure could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s business and its financial results. Any of these could seriously harm SoundHound AI’s business.

Unauthorized use of SoundHound AI’s proprietary technology and intellectual property could adversely affect its business and results of operations.

SoundHound AI’s success and competitive position depend in large part on its ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property rights protecting its products and technologies. We rely on a combination of patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, confidentiality provisions and licensing arrangements to establish and protect

30

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI’s intellectual property and proprietary rights. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or discover aspects of SoundHound AI’s products or to obtain, license, sell or otherwise use information that we regard as proprietary. Policing unauthorized use of SoundHound AI’s products is difficult and we may not be able to protect its technology from unauthorized use. Additionally, SoundHound AI’s competitors may independently develop technologies that are substantially the same or superior to its technologies and that do not infringe its rights. In these cases, we would be unable to prevent its competitors from selling or licensing these similar or superior technologies. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect SoundHound AI’s proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. Although the source code for SoundHound AI’s proprietary software is protected both as a trade secret and as a copyrighted work, litigation may be necessary to enforce its intellectual property rights, to protect its trade secrets, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others, or to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity. Litigation, regardless of the outcome, can be very expensive and can divert management’s efforts.

SoundHound AI’s software products may have bugs, which could result in delayed or lost revenue, expensive correction, liability to its customers and claims against us.

Complex software products such as SoundHound AI’s may contain errors, defects or bugs. Defects in the solutions or products that we develop and sell to its customers could require expensive corrections and result in delayed or lost revenue, adverse customer reaction and negative publicity about us or SoundHound AI’s products and technologies. Customers who are not satisfied with any of SoundHound AI’s products may also bring claims against us for damages, which, even if unsuccessful, would likely be time-consuming to defend, and could result in costly litigation and payment of damages. Such claims could harm SoundHound AI’s reputation, financial results and competitive position.

We may be unable to respond quickly enough to changes in technology and technological risks and to develop its intellectual property into commercially viable products.

Changes in legislative, regulatory or industry requirements or in competitive technologies may render certain of SoundHound AI’s products obsolete or less attractive to its customers, which could adversely affect its results of operations. SoundHound AI’s ability to anticipate changes in technology and regulatory standards and to successfully develop and introduce new and enhanced products on a timely basis will be a significant factor in its ability to be competitive. There is a risk that we will not be able to achieve the technological advances that may be necessary for us to be competitive or that certain of its products will become obsolete. SoundHound AI is also subject to the risks generally associated with new product introductions and applications, including lack of market acceptance, delays in product development and failure of products to operate properly. These risks could have a material adverse effect on SoundHound AI’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

Risks Related to SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock and the Securities Market

SoundHound AI’s stock price may fluctuate significantly.

The market price of SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock may fluctuate widely, depending on many factors, some of which may be beyond our control, including:

        actual or anticipated fluctuations in our results of operations due to factors related to our business;

        success or failure of our business strategies;

        competition and industry capacity;

        changes in interest rates and other factors that affect earnings and cash flow;

        our level of indebtedness, our ability to make payments on or service our indebtedness and our ability to obtain financing as needed;

        our ability to retain and recruit qualified personnel;

        our quarterly or annual earnings, or those of other companies in our industry;

        announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions or dispositions;

31

Table of Contents

        changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations or principles;

        the failure of securities analysts to cover, or positively cover, our Class A Common Stock;

        changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts or our ability to meet those estimates;

        the operating and stock price performance of other comparable companies;

        investor perception of the Company and its industry;

        overall market fluctuations unrelated to our operating performance;

        results from any material litigation or government investigation;

        changes in laws and regulations (including tax laws and regulations) affecting our business;

        changes in capital gains taxes and taxes on dividends affecting stockholders; and

        general economic conditions and other external factors.

Low trading volume for SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock, which may occur if an active trading market does not develop, among other reasons, would amplify the effect of the above factors on stock price volatility.

Should the market price of our shares drop significantly, stockholders may institute securities class action lawsuits against us. A lawsuit against SoundHound AI could cause SoundHound AI to incur substantial costs and could divert the time and attention of its management and other resources.

Your percentage ownership in SoundHound AI may be diluted in the future.

Stockholders’ percentage ownership in SoundHound AI may be diluted in the future because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or otherwise, including equity awards that SoundHound AI will be granting to directors, officers and other employees. Our Board has adopted the incentive plan and ESPP for the benefit of certain of our current and future employees, service providers and non-employee directors. Such awards will have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share, which could adversely affect the market price of our Class A Common Stock.

From time-to-time, SoundHound AI may opportunistically evaluate and pursue acquisition opportunities, including acquisitions for which the consideration thereof may consist partially or entirely of newly issued shares of SoundHound AI Class A Common Stock and, therefore, such transactions, if consummated, would dilute the voting power and/or reduce the value of our Class A Common Stock.

The issuance of additional shares of Class A Common Stock or convertible securities may dilute your ownership and could adversely affect the stock price.

From time to time in the future, SoundHound AI may issue additional shares of Class A Common Stock or securities convertible into Class A Common Stock pursuant to a variety of transactions, including acquisitions. Additional shares of Class A Common Stock may also be issued upon exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants to purchase Class A Common Stock. The issuance by us of additional shares of Class A Common Stock or securities convertible into Class A Common Stock would dilute your ownership of SoundHound AI and the sale of a significant amount of such shares in the public market could adversely affect prevailing market prices of our Class A Common Stock. Subject to the satisfaction of vesting conditions and the expiration of lockup agreements, shares issuable upon exercise of options will be available for resale immediately in the public market without restriction.

Issuing additional shares of SoundHound AI’s capital stock, other equity securities, or securities convertible into equity may dilute the economic and voting rights of our existing stockholders, reduce the market price of our Class A Common Stock, or both. Debt securities convertible into equity could be subject to adjustments in the conversion ratio pursuant to which certain events may increase the number of equity securities issuable upon conversion. Preferred stock, if issued, could have a preference with respect to liquidating distributions or a preference with respect to dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of our Class A Common Stock. SoundHound AI’s decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond

32

Table of Contents

our control, which may adversely affect the amount, timing, or nature of our future offerings. As a result, holders of SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock bear the risk that SoundHound AI’s future offerings may reduce the market price of SoundHound AI’s Class A Common Stock and dilute their percentage ownership.

We do not intend to pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future.

The timing, declaration, amount and payment of future dividends to stockholders falls within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on many factors, including our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements of our business and covenants associated with debt obligations, as well as legal requirements, regulatory constraints, industry practice and other factors that our Board deems relevant. We do not intend to and there can be no assurance that we will pay any dividend in the future.

SoundHound AI’s management has limited experience in operating a public company. The requirements of being a public company may strain SoundHound AI’s resources and divert management’s attention, and the increases in legal, accounting and compliance expenses may be greater than SoundHound AI anticipates.

As a public company, and particularly after we are no longer an “emerging growth company” or a “smaller reporting company,” we will continue to incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that SoundHound did not incur as a private company. SoundHound AI is subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and is required to comply with the applicable requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, as well as the rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC and the listing standards of the Nasdaq, including changes in corporate governance practices and the establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls. Compliance with these rules and regulations can be burdensome. SoundHound AI’s management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. Moreover, these rules and regulations have increased, and will continue to increase, SoundHound’s historical legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, SoundHound AI expects to incur significant expenses and devote substantial management effort toward ensuring compliance with the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which will increase when SoundHound AI is no longer an “emerging growth company” or a “smaller reporting company” with revenues of less than $100 million. SoundHound AI will need to hire additional accounting and financial staff, and engage outside consultants, all with appropriate public company experience and technical accounting knowledge and maintain an internal audit function, which will increase its operating expenses. Moreover, SoundHound AI could incur additional compensation costs in the event that it decides to pay cash compensation closer to that of other publicly listed companies, which would increase its general and administrative expenses and could materially and adversely affect its profitability. SoundHound AI will evaluate these rules and regulations, and cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs SoundHound AI may incur or the timing of such costs.

SoundHound AI’s executive officers have limited experience in the management of a publicly traded company. Their limited experience in dealing with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies could be a significant disadvantage in that it is likely that an increasing amount of their time may be devoted to these activities, which will result in less time being devoted to the management and growth of the post-combination company. SoundHound AI may not have adequate personnel with the appropriate level of knowledge, experience and training in the accounting policies, practices or internal control over financial reporting required of public companies. SoundHound AI’s management will need to continually assess its staffing and training procedures to improve its internal control over financial reporting. For example, SoundHound AI did not timely file its Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 and unless the matters discussed in this risk factor and elsewhere in this prospectus are mitigated, the risk exists that SoundHound AI may not be able to file timely in the future. Further, the development, implementation, documentation and assessment of appropriate processes, in addition to the need to remediate any potential deficiencies, will require substantial time and attention from management. The development and implementation of the standards and controls necessary for us to achieve the level of accounting standards required of a public company may require costs greater than expected. It is possible that SoundHound AI will be required to expand its employee base and hire additional employees to support its operations as a public company which will increase our operating costs in future periods.

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including regulations implemented by the SEC and the Nasdaq, are subject to varying interpretations, and as a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies.

33

Table of Contents

SoundHound AI intends to invest resources to comply with evolving laws, regulations and standards, and this investment may result in increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management’s time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities. If, notwithstanding our efforts, we fail to comply with new laws, regulations and standards, regulatory authorities may initiate legal proceedings against us, and our business may be harmed.

Failure to comply with these rules might also make it more difficult for us to obtain certain types of insurance, including director and officer liability insurance, and we might be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. The impact of these events would also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our Board, on committees of our Board or as members of senior management.

If securities or industry analysts publish inaccurate or unfavorable research or reports about SoundHound AI’s business, its stock price and trading volume could decline.

The trading market for the Class A Common Stock depends, in part, on the research and reports that third-party securities analysts publish about us and the industries in which we operate. We may be unable or slow to attract research coverage and if one or more analysts cease coverage of us, the price and trading volume of our securities would likely be negatively impacted. If any of the analysts that may cover us change their recommendation regarding our Class A Common Stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, the price of our Class A Common Stock would likely decline. If any analyst that may cover us ceases covering us or fails to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause the price or trading volume of our Class A Common Stock to decline. Moreover, if one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrades our Class A Common Stock, or if our reporting results do not meet their expectations, the market price of our Class A Common Stock could decline.

SoundHound AI may be subject to securities litigation, which is expensive and could divert management attention.

The per share price of our Class A Common Stock may be volatile and, in the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities litigation, including class action litigation. Litigation of this type could result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Any adverse determination in litigation could also subject SoundHound AI to significant liabilities.

Risks Applicable to a Dual Class Common Stock Structure

SoundHound AI has a dual class common stock structure that has the effect of concentrating voting control with the holders of our Class B Common Stock. Our Class B Common Stock has multiple votes per share and this ownership will limit or preclude your ability to influence corporate matters, including the election of directors, amendments of our Organizational Documents, and any merger, consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or other major corporate transactions requiring stockholder approval, and that may adversely affect the trading price of our Class A Common stock.

SoundHound AI has a dual class common stock structure and the holders of SoundHound AI Class B Common Stock have ten votes per share. SoundHound Founders own shares of Class B Common Stock representing approximately 72% of the voting power of the outstanding capital stock of SoundHound AI. In addition, because of the ten-to-one voting ratio between our Class B and Class A Common Stock, holders of our Class B Common Stock could continue to control a majority of the combined voting power of our common stock and therefore control all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval until such time, if any, as a sufficient number of shares of our Class B Common Stock are converted into shares of our Class A Common Stock in accordance with the terms of the Amended Charter. This concentrated control may limit or preclude your ability to influence corporate matters for the foreseeable future, including the election of directors, amendments of our Organizational Documents and any merger, consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of our assets or other major corporate transactions requiring stockholder approval. In addition, this concentrated control may prevent or discourage unsolicited acquisition proposals or offers for our capital stock that you may feel are in your best interest as one of our stockholders. As a result, such concentrated control may adversely affect the market price of our Class A Common Stock.

34

Table of Contents

Shares of Class B Common Stock are convertible into shares of Class A Common Stock and will automatically convert into shares of Class A Common Stock upon the occurrence of certain future events, generally including transfers, subject to limited excepts set forth in the Amended Charter. The conversion of Class B Common Stock to Class A Common Stock will have the effect, over time, of increasing the relative voting power of those holders of Class B Common Stock who retain their shares in the long term. As a result, it is possible that one or more of the persons or entities holding our Class B Common Stock could gain significant voting control as other holders of Class B Common Stock sell or otherwise convert their shares into Class A Common Stock.

The Amended Charter provides for a dual-class multiple voting common stock structure, and we cannot predict the effect this structure of our common stock may have on the market price of our Class A Common Stock.

We cannot predict whether having an Amended Charter that permits the issuance of multiple voting shares in a dual-class structure will result in a lower or more volatile market price of our Class A Common Stock, adverse publicity or other adverse consequences. For example, certain index providers have announced and implemented restrictions on including companies with multiple-class share structures in certain of their indices. In July 2017, FTSE Russell announced that it would require new constituents of its indices to have greater than 5% of the company’s voting rights in the hands of public stockholders, and S&P Dow Jones announced that it would no longer admit companies with multiple-class share structures to certain of its indices. Affected indices include the Russell 2000 and the S&P 500, S&P MidCap 400 and S&P SmallCap 600, which together make up the S&P Composite 1500. Also in 2017, MSCI, a leading stock index provider, opened public consultations on its treatment of no-vote and multi-class structures and temporarily barred new multi-class listings from certain of its indices; however, in October 2018, MSCI announced its decision to include equity securities “with unequal voting structures” in its indices and to launch a new index that specifically includes voting rights in its eligibility criteria. Under such announced and implemented policies, the dual-class structure of our common stock would make us ineligible for inclusion in certain indices and, as a result, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds and other investment vehicles that attempt to passively track those indices would not invest in our Class A Common Stock. These policies are relatively new and it is unclear what effect, if any, they will have on the valuations of publicly-traded companies excluded from such indices, but it is possible that they may adversely affect valuations, as compared to similar companies that are included. Due to the dual-class structure of our common stock, we will likely be excluded from certain indices and we cannot assure you that other stock indices will not take similar actions. Given the sustained flow of investment funds into passive strategies that seek to track certain indices, exclusion from certain stock indices would likely preclude investment by many of these funds and could make our Class A Common stock less attractive to other investors. As a result, the market price of our Class A Common Stock could be adversely affected.

We are considered a “controlled company” within the meaning of Nasdaq listing standards and, as a result, qualify for, and may rely on, exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements. You will not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to such requirements.

SoundHound AI has a dual class structure and pursuant to the Business Combination, SoundHound Founders exchanged their shares of SoundHound Class B Common Stock for shares of Class B Common Stock of SoundHound AI which allows SoundHound Founders to also control a majority of the voting power of SoundHound AI after the Business Combination.

SoundHound AI qualifies as a “controlled company” within the meaning of the corporate governance standards of Nasdaq. Under these rules, a listed company of which more than 50% of the voting power is held by an individual, group or another company is a “controlled company” and may elect not to comply with certain corporate governance requirements, including the requirement that (i) a majority of our Board consists of independent directors, (ii) we have a compensation committee that is composed entirely of independent directors and (iii) director nominees be selected or recommended to the Board by independent directors. We are currently in compliance with all of these corporate governance requirements. However, SoundHound AI may in the future rely on the corporate governance exemptions as we adopted the dual class common stock structure reflected in our Amended and Restated Charter and qualify as a controlled company. To the extent we will rely on any of these exemption, holders of our Class A Common Stock will not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of the corporate governance requirements of Nasdaq and we cannot predict the impact this may have on the price of our Class A Common Stock.

35

Table of Contents

Delaware law and provisions in our charter documents could make a merger, tender offer, or proxy contest difficult, thereby depressing the trading price of our Class A Common Stock.

The Amended Charter, Amended Bylaws, and Delaware law contain provisions that could depress the trading price of our Class A Common Stock by acting to discourage, delay, or prevent a change of control of SoundHound AI or changes in SoundHound AI that our management or stockholders may deem advantageous. Among other things, the Amended Charter and Amended Bylaws include the following provisions:

        permit the Board to establish the number of directors and fill any vacancies and newly created directorships;

        authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that our Board could use to implement a stockholder rights plan;

        eliminates the ability of our stockholders to call special meetings of stockholders, except to the extent otherwise provided in the Amended Bylaws;

        prohibit stockholder action by written consent, except to the extent otherwise provided in the Amended Bylaws, which requires all stockholder actions to be taken at a meeting of our stockholders;

        provide that the Board is expressly authorized to make, alter, or repeal our Amended Bylaws; and

        establish advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our Board or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at annual stockholder meetings.

These provisions, alone or together, could delay or prevent hostile takeovers and changes in control or changes in our management. As a Delaware corporation, we are also subject to provisions of Delaware law. Pursuant to the Amended Charter, we have opted out of Section 203 of the DGCL, which prevents interested stockholders, such as certain stockholders holding more than 15% of our outstanding common stock, from engaging in certain business combinations unless (i) prior to the time such stockholder became an interested stockholder, our Board approved the transaction that resulted in such stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, (ii) upon consummation of the transaction that resulted in such stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of our common stock, or (iii) following Board approval, such business combination receives the approval of the holders of at least two-thirds of our outstanding common stock not held by such interested stockholder at an annual or special meeting of stockholders. However, our Amended Charter includes provisions similar to the provisions contained in Section 203 of the DGCL, which are designed to limit SoundHound AI’s ability to enter into certain business combination transactions within a three (3) year period following the adoption of the Amended Charter.

Any provision of our Amended Charter, our Amended Bylaws, or Delaware law that has the effect of delaying, preventing, or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for our stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of our Class A Common Stock and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for our Class A Common Stock.

Risks Related to U.S. and International Taxation Generally

Changes in tax laws or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could affect SoundHound AI’s future profitability.

Factors that could materially affect SoundHound AI’s future effective tax rates include but are not limited to:

        changes in tax laws or the regulatory environment;

        changes in accounting and tax standards or practices;

        changes in the composition of operating income by tax jurisdiction; and

        SoundHound AI’s operating results before taxes.

36

Table of Contents

Because SoundHound AI does not have a long history of operating at its present scale and it has significant expansion plans, SoundHound AI’s effective tax rate may fluctuate in the future. Future effective tax rates could be affected by operating losses in jurisdictions where no tax benefit can be recorded under GAAP, changes in the composition of earnings in countries with differing tax rates, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities, or changes in tax laws.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”), was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). In particular, sweeping changes were made to the U.S. taxation of foreign operations. Changes include, but are not limited to, a permanent reduction to the corporate income tax rate, limiting interest deductions, adopting elements of a territorial tax system, assessing a repatriation tax or “toll-charge” on undistributed earnings and profits of U.S.-owned foreign corporations, and introducing certain anti-base erosion provisions, including a new minimum tax on global intangible low-taxed income and base erosion and anti-abuse tax. The new legislation had no effect on SoundHound AI’s 2018 and 2019 or 2020 provision for income taxes because SoundHound AI incurred losses in the U.S. in these years, and the management set up a full valuation allowance against its U.S. federal and states deferred tax assets.

In addition to the impact of the Tax Act on SoundHound AI’s federal taxes, the Tax Act may impact its taxation in other jurisdictions, including with respect to state income taxes. State legislatures have not had sufficient time to respond to the Tax Act. Accordingly, there is uncertainty as to how the laws will apply in the various state jurisdictions. Additionally, other foreign governing bodies may enact changes to their tax laws that could result in changes to SoundHound AI’s global tax position and materially adversely affect its business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, the IRS and several foreign tax authorities have increasingly focused attention on intercompany transfer pricing with respect to sales of products and technologies and the use of intangibles. Tax authorities could disagree with SoundHound AI’s future intercompany charges, cross-jurisdictional transfer pricing or other matters and assess additional taxes. If SoundHound AI does not prevail in any such disagreements, its profitability may be affected.

SoundHound AI’s ability to use its net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.

As of December 31, 2021, SoundHound AI had $301.5 million of U.S. federal and $102.9 million of state net operating loss carryforwards available to reduce future taxable income. Of the $301.5 million in U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards, $212.9 million will be carried forward indefinitely for U.S. federal tax purposes and $88.6 million will begin to expire in 2025. $102.9 million of SoundHound AI’s U.S. state net operating loss carryforwards will begin to expire in 2028. It is possible that SoundHound AI will not generate taxable income in time to use these net operating loss carryforwards before their expiration or at all. Under legislative changes made in December 2017, U.S. federal net operating losses incurred in 2018 and in future years may be carried forward indefinitely, but the deductibility of such net operating losses is limited. It is uncertain if and to what extent various states will conform to the newly enacted federal tax law. In addition, the federal and state net operating loss carryforwards and certain tax credits may be subject to significant limitations under Section 382 and Section 383 of the Code, respectively, and similar provisions of state law. Under those sections of the Code, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other pre-change attributes, such as research tax credits, to offset its post-change income or tax may be limited. In general, an “ownership change” will occur if there is a cumulative change in SoundHound AI’s ownership by “5-percent shareholders” that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. Similar rules may apply under state tax laws. SoundHound AI has not yet undertaken an analysis of whether the Business Combination constitutes an “ownership change” for purposes of Section 382 and Section 383 of the Code. In addition, certain U.S. states have imposed additional limitations on the use of net operating loss carryforwards not otherwise imposed on the use of U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards and may impose additional limitations in the future.

37

Table of Contents

Unanticipated changes in effective tax rates or adverse outcomes resulting from examination of our income or other tax returns could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to income taxes in the United States and other jurisdictions, and our tax liabilities will be subject to the allocation of expenses in differing jurisdictions. Our future effective tax rates could be subject to volatility or adversely affected by a number of factors, including:

        changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities;

        expected timing and amount of the release of any tax valuation allowances;

        tax effects of stock-based compensation;

        costs related to intercompany restructurings;

        changes in tax laws, regulations or interpretations thereof; or

        lower than anticipated future earnings in jurisdictions where we have lower statutory tax rates and higher than anticipated future earnings in jurisdictions where we have higher statutory tax rates.

In addition, we may be subject to audits of our income, sales and other transaction taxes by taxing authorities. Outcomes from these audits could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

38

Table of Contents

THE COMMITTED EQUITY FINANCING

On August 16, 2022, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with Cantor establishing the Facility. Upon the initial satisfaction of the conditions to Cantor’s obligation to purchase Class A Shares set forth in the Purchase Agreement (the “Commencement Date”), including that the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is declared effective by the SEC and a final prospectus relating thereto is filed with the SEC, we have the right from time to time at our option to direct Cantor to purchase up to the lesser of (i) 25,000,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) the Exchange Cap (as defined below), subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement (the “Committed Equity Financing”).

Sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement, and the timing of any sales, will be determined by us from time to time in our sole discretion and will depend on a variety of factors, including, among other things, market conditions, the trading price of our Class A Common Stock and determinations by us regarding the use of proceeds from any sale of such shares. The net proceeds from any sales under the Facility will depend on the frequency with, and prices at, which the shares of Class A Common Stock are sold to Cantor.

In connection with the execution of the Purchase Agreement, the Company also has agreed to issue to the Holder 250,000 shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Commitment Shares”) as consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase the shares of Class A Common Stock upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. The Company and the Holder have agreed that if the net proceeds with respect to Commitment Shares either sold by the Holder by the 121st day after the Commencement Date, subject to an extension under certain circumstances (the “True-Up Date”), or held by the Holder on the True-Up Date (based on the closing price of the Class A Common Stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market on the trading day immediately prior to the True-Up Date), in the aggregate, are less than $1 Million, the Company will pay to the Holder the difference between $1 Million and the applicable net proceeds. Alternatively, in the event that such net proceeds exceed $1 Million, the Holder will pay to the Company the difference between the applicable net proceeds and $1 Million. Unless earlier terminated, the Purchase Agreement will remain in effect until the first day of the month next following the 36-month period commencing on the date of this prospectus.

Under applicable Nasdaq rules, and pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, in no event may we issue to Cantor and Cantor may not purchase or acquire share of Class A Common Stock, to the extent that after giving effect thereto, the aggregate number of shares of Class A Common Stock that would be issued pursuant to the Purchase Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby would exceed 39,365,804 shares of Class A Common stock (representing 19.99% of the voting power or number of shares of Class A Common Stock, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the execution of the Purchase Agreement), which number of shares shall be reduced, on a share-for-share basis, by the number of shares of Class A Common Stock issued or issuable pursuant to any transaction or series of transactions that may be aggregated with the transactions contemplated under the Purchase Agreement under applicable Nasdaq rules of (more than 19.99% of the total number of shares of our Class A Common Stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the execution of the Purchase Agreement, unless we obtain prior shareholder approval (the “Exchange Cap”).

In addition, Cantor is not obligated to buy any shares of Class A Common Stock under the Purchase Agreement if such shares, when aggregated with all other shares of Class A Common Stock then beneficially owned by Cantor and its affiliates (as calculated pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-3 promulgated thereunder), would result in Cantor beneficially owning shares in excess of 4.99% of our outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Beneficial Ownership Cap”).

We also entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with Cantor, pursuant to which we filed the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

The Purchase Agreement contains customary registration rights, representations, warranties, conditions and indemnification obligations by each party. The representations, warranties and covenants contained in the Purchase Agreement were made only for purposes of the Purchase Agreement and as of specific dates, were solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreements and are subject to certain important limitations.

39

Table of Contents

VWAP Purchase of Shares Under the Purchase Agreement

From and after the Commencement Date, subject to certain conditions, we will have the right, but not the obligation, from time to time at our sole discretion, until the first day of the month next following the 36-month period from the Commencement Date, to direct Cantor to purchase up to a specified maximum amount of shares of our Class A Common Stock (each such purchase, a “VWAP Purchase”) by delivering written notice to Cantor (such notice, a “VWAP Purchase Notice”) prior to the commencement of trading on any trading day (the “VWAP Purchase Date”), so long as all shares of Class A Common Stock subject to all prior VWAP Purchases by Cantor have previously been delivered to Cantor.

The maximum number of shares of Class A Common Stock that Cantor is required to purchase in any single VWAP Purchase under the Purchase Agreement is equal to the lesser of: (i) a number of shares of Class A Common Stock which, when aggregated with all other shares then beneficially owned by Cantor and its affiliates (as calculated pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and Rule 13d-3 promulgated thereunder), would result in Cantor beneficially owning shares of Class A Common Stock equal to (but not exceeding) the Beneficial Ownership Cap; (ii) a number of shares of Class A Common Stock equal to 20% of the total number (or volume) of shares of Class A Common Stock traded on Nasdaq during normal trading hours on the applicable VWAP Purchase Date; and (iii) the Company’s good faith estimate of the number Class A Shares that Cantor will have the obligation to purchase pursuant to the VWAP Purchase Notice.

The purchase price per share to be purchased by Cantor in such VWAP Purchase on such VWAP Purchase Date equal to 97.0% of the VWAP over normal trading hours on such VWAP Purchase Date for such VWAP Purchase (the “VWAP Purchase Price”). Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, on any trading day on which we deliver, and Cantor accepts, a VWAP Purchase Notice for a percentage in excess of 20%, the VWAP Purchase Price shall be calculated using the lower of (i) the VWAP over normal trading hours on such VWAP Purchase Date; and (ii) the lowest Sale Price in any block sold on such Trading Day following the delivery and acceptance of such VWAP Purchase Notice for a percentage in excess of 20%. “VWAP” is defined as, for the Class A Common Stock for a specified period, the dollar volume-weighted average price for the Class A Common Stock on the Principal Market (as defined in the Purchase Agreement), for such period, as reported by Bloomberg through its “AQR” function. All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction during such period.

At or prior to 5:30 p.m., New York City time, on the applicable VWAP Purchase Date, Cantor will provide us with a written confirmation for such VWAP Purchase setting forth the applicable VWAP Purchase Price per share to be paid by Cantor and the total aggregate VWAP Purchase Price to be paid by Cantor for the total number of shares of our Class A Common Stock purchased by Cantor in such VWAP Purchase.

The payment for, against delivery of, shares of Class A Common Stock purchased by Cantor in a VWAP Purchase under the Purchase Agreement is required to be fully settled by 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the second trading day immediately following the applicable date of such VWAP Purchase Date, as set forth in the Purchase Agreement.

Conditions Precedent to Commencement and Each VWAP Purchase

Cantor’s obligation to accept VWAP Purchase Notices that are timely delivered by us under the Purchase Agreement and to purchase shares of our Class A Common Stock in VWAP Purchases under the Purchase Agreement, are subject to the satisfaction, at the official open of trading on the VWAP Purchase Date, of the conditions precedent thereto set forth in the Purchase Agreement, which conditions include, among others, the following:

        the accuracy (in all material respects, if not qualified by materiality or Material Adverse Effect (as defined in the Purchase Agreement)) of the representations and warranties of the Company and Cantor included in the Purchase Agreement;

        the Company having performed, satisfied and complied in all material respects with all covenants, agreements and conditions required by the Purchase Agreement to be performed, satisfied or complied with by the Company;

        neither Cantor nor any affiliate of Cantor, in the prior 30 calendar days, having published or distributed any research report concerning us;

40

Table of Contents

        the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part having been declared effective under the Securities Act by the SEC and not being subject to any stop order, and Cantor being permitted to utilize this prospectus to resell all of the shares of our Class A Common Stock included in this prospectus;

        none of the following having occurred and being in continuance: the receipt of certain requests from governmental authorities relating to the registration statement; the issuance of certain orders by governmental authorities relating to the registration statement; any objection from FINRA to the terms of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement; or the occurrence any event or the existence of any condition or state of facts which makes any statement of a material fact made in the registration statement or this prospectus untrue or which requires the making of any additions to or changes to the statements then made in the registration statement or this prospectus in order to state a material fact required by the Securities Act to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements then made therein (in the case of this prospectus, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made) not misleading, or which requires an amendment to the registration statement or this prospectus to comply with the Securities Act or any other law;

        all reports, schedules, registrations, forms, statements, information and other documents required to have been filed by the Company with the SEC pursuant to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act having been filed with the SEC;

        trading in the Class A Common Stock having not been suspended by the SEC, Nasdaq or the FINRA, and our having not received any final and non-appealable notice that the listing or quotation of the Class A Common Stock on Nasdaq shall be terminated on a date certain, subject to certain limited exceptions; and

        the receipt by Cantor of customary legal opinions and auditor comfort letters, and customary bring-down legal opinions and auditor comfort letters, as required under the Purchase Agreement.

Termination of the Purchase Agreement

Unless earlier terminated as provided in the Purchase Agreement, the Purchase Agreement will terminate automatically on the earliest to occur of:

        the first day of the month next following the 36-month anniversary of the date of this prospectus;

        the date on which Cantor shall have purchased 25,000,000 shares of our Class A Common Stock under the Purchase Agreement;

        the date on which our Class A Common Stock shall have failed to be listed or quoted on Nasdaq or any alternative market; and

        the date on which we commence a voluntary bankruptcy case or any person commences a proceeding against us, a custodian is appointed for us or for all or substantially all of our property, or we make a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors.

Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we may terminate the agreement after the Commencement Date effective upon three trading days’ prior written notice to Cantor in accordance with the Purchase Agreement.

The Purchase Agreement may be terminated at any time by the mutual written consent of the parties, effective as of the date of such mutual written consent unless otherwise provided in such written consent.

Cantor shall have the right to terminate the Purchase Agreement effective upon three trading days’ prior written notice to us, which notice shall be made in accordance with the Purchase Agreement, if: (a) any condition, occurrence, state of facts or event constituting a Material Adverse Effect has occurred and is continuing; (b) a Fundamental Transaction (as defined in the Purchase Agreement) shall have occurred; (c) we are in breach or default in any material respect of any of our covenants and agreements in the Registration Rights Agreement, and, if such breach or default is capable of being cured, such breach or default is not cured within 15 trading days after notice of such breach or default is delivered to us; (d) while the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is required to be maintained effective pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement and Cantor holds any securities required to be registered pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, the effectiveness of the registration statement lapses for any reason

41

Table of Contents

(including, without limitation, the issuance of a stop order by the SEC) or the registration statement or this prospectus otherwise becomes unavailable to Cantor for the resale of all of the securities required to be registered, and such lapse or unavailability continues for a period of 45 consecutive trading days or for more than an aggregate of 90 trading days in any 365-day period, other than due to acts of Cantor; (e) trading in the Class A Common Stock on Nasdaq shall have been suspended and such suspension continues for a period of five consecutive trading days; or (f) we are in material breach or default of any of our covenants and agreements contained in the Purchase Agreement, and, if such breach or default is capable of being cured, such breach or default is not cured within 15 trading days after notice of such breach or default is delivered to us.

No Short-Selling or Hedging by Cantor

Subject to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, Cantor has agreed that, during the term of the Purchase Agreement, neither it nor any entity managed or controlled by it, will engage in or effect, directly or indirectly, engage in any “short sale” (as such term is defined in Rule 200 of Regulation SHO of the Exchange Act) of the Class A Common Stock or hedging transaction, which establishes a net short position with respect to the Class A Common Stock, for the principal account of Cantor or any entity managed or controlled by Cantor.

Prohibition on Similar Transactions

We have agreed not to effect or enter into an agreement to effect an “equity line of credit,” “at the market offering,” “equity distribution program” or any similar transaction whereby we may issue or sell Class A Common Stock or Class A Common Stock equivalents at a future determined price, other than in connection with certain exempt issuances.

Effect of Sales of Our Shares under the Purchase Agreement on Our Stockholders

The shares of Class A Common Stock being registered for resale in this offering may be issued and sold by us to Cantor from time to time at our discretion over a period until the first day of the month next following the 36-month anniversary of the date of this prospectus, unless the Purchase Agreement is earlier terminated as described above. The resale by Cantor of a significant number of shares registered for resale in this offering at any given time, or the perception that these sales may occur, could cause the market price of our Class A Common Stock to decline and to be highly volatile. Sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock, if any, to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement will be determined by us in our sole discretion and will depend upon market conditions and other factors. We may ultimately decide to sell to Cantor all, some or none of the shares of our Class A Common Stock that may be available for us to sell to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. If and when we elect to sell shares of our Class A Common Stock to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, Cantor may resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion and at different prices. As a result, investors who purchase shares from Cantor in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices for those shares, and so may experience different levels of dilution and in some cases substantial dilution and different outcomes in their investment results. See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to the Committed Equity Financing — Investors who buy shares of our Class A Common Stock from Cantor at different times will likely pay different prices.

Investors may experience a decline in the value of the shares they purchase from Cantor in this offering as a result of future sales made by us to Cantor at prices lower than the prices such investors paid for their shares in this offering. In addition, if we sell a substantial number of shares of our Class A Common Stock to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement, or if investors expect that we will do so, the actual sales of shares or the mere existence of our arrangement with Cantor may make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect such sales.

Because the purchase price per share to be paid by Cantor for the shares of our Class A Common Stock that we may elect to sell to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement, if any, will fluctuate based on the market prices of our Class A Common Stock during the applicable period for each VWAP Purchase made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, if any, as of the date of this prospectus it is not possible for us to predict the actual purchase price per share to be paid by Cantor for those shares, or the actual gross proceeds to be raised by us from those sales, if any. As of September 7, 2022, 156,608,707 shares of our Class A Common Stock are issued and outstanding.

42

Table of Contents

If all of the 25,250,000 shares of our Class A Common Stock offered for resale by Cantor under this prospectus were issued and outstanding as of September 7, 2022, such shares would represent approximately 13.9% of the total number of our Class A Common Stock outstanding.

The number of shares of our Class A Common Stock ultimately offered for sale by Cantor for resale under this prospectus or under any future prospectus is dependent upon the number of shares, if any, we ultimately sell to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement. Further, if and when we elect to sell shares of our Class A Common Stock to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, after Cantor has acquired such shares, Cantor may resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion and at different prices.

The issuance of our shares of our Class A Common Stock to Cantor pursuant to the Purchase Agreement will not affect the rights or privileges of our existing stockholders, except that the economic and voting interests of each of our existing stockholders will be diluted. Although the number of shares that our existing stockholders own will not decrease, the shares owned by our existing stockholders will represent a smaller percentage of our total outstanding Class A Common Stock after any such issuance.

The following table sets forth information at varying purchase prices assuming we sell to Cantor under the Purchase Agreement all 25,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock at that price:

Assumed Trading Price of Class A Shares

 

Number of Shares Sold Under the Facility(1)

 

Commitment Shares(2)

 

Percentage of Outstanding Class A Common Stock After Giving Effect to Issuances to Cantor(3)

 

Aggregate Purchase Price for Class A Common Stock Sold Under the Facility(4)

$

3.01

(5)

 

25,000,000

 

250,000

 

13.9

%

 

$

75,250,000

$

5.00

 

 

25,000,000

 

250,000

 

13.9

%

 

$

121,250,000

$

7.00

 

 

25,000,000

 

250,000

 

13.9

%

 

$

169,750,000

$

10.00

 

 

25,000,000

 

250,000

 

13.9

%

 

$

242,500,000

____________

(1)      We have included in this column those shares being offered for resale by Cantor under this prospectus, without regard to the Beneficial Ownership Cap. The assumed average purchase prices are solely for illustrative purposes and are not intended to be estimates or predictions of the future performance of our Class A Common Stock.

(2)      Represents the Commitment Shares, which are the 250,000 Class A Shares we agreed to issue to the Holder as consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase the Class A Shares at our election in our sole discretion, from time to time after the date of this prospectus, upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement

(3)      The denominator used to calculate the percentages in this column is based on 156,608,707 shares of our Class A Common Stock outstanding as of September 7, 2022, adjusted to include the shares issued and sold to the Holder under the Facility.

(4)      Purchase prices represent the illustrative aggregate purchase price to be received from the sale of all of the shares of our Class A Common Stock issued and sold to the Holder under the Facility as set forth in the second column, multiplied by the VWAP Purchase Price, assuming for illustrative purposes that the VWAP Purchase Price is equal to 97.0% of the assumed trading price of the Class A Common Stock listed in the first column.

(5)      Represents the closing price of our Class A Common Stock on Nasdaq on September 7, 2022.

43

Table of Contents

USE OF PROCEEDS

Any sales of shares of Class A Common Stock by the Holder pursuant to this prospectus will be solely for the Holder’s account. The Company will not receive any proceeds from any such sales. However, we will receive proceeds from our sale to the Holder of up to 25,000,000 Class A Shares at varying purchase prices depending on the market price of our shares of Class A Common Stock at the time of such purchases, pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, after the date of this prospectus. The net proceeds from any sales under the Purchase Agreement will depend on the frequency with, and prices at, which the Shares are sold to Cantor. The Company expects to use the proceeds from any sales under the Purchase Agreement for working capital and general corporate purposes. See “Plan of Distribution (Conflict of Interest)” and “The Committed Equity Financing” elsewhere in this prospectus for more information.

We intend to use any proceeds from the Facility for working capital and general corporate purposes. We will have broad discretion in the way we use these proceeds. See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to the Committed Equity Financing — We may use proceeds from sales of shares of our Class A Common Stock made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement in ways with which you may not agree or in ways which may not yield a significant return.”

The Holder will pay any underwriting fees, discounts and selling commissions incurred by the Holder in connection with any sale of its shares. The Company will bear all other costs, fees and expenses incurred in effecting the registration of the shares covered by this prospectus, including, without limitation, all registration and filing fees, Nasdaq listing fees and fees and expenses of counsel and independent registered public accountants.

44

Table of Contents

DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE

We cannot currently determine the price or prices at which the shares of Class A Common Stock may be sold by the Holder under this prospectus.

45

Table of Contents

MARKET INFORMATION FOR CLASS A COMMON STOCK AND WARRANTS AND DIVIDEND POLICY

Market Information

Our Class A Common Stock and Warrants are currently listed on Nasdaq under the symbols “SOUN” and “SOUNW,” respectively. Prior to the consummation of the Business Combination, ATSP’s units, subunits, and warrants were listed on the Nasdaq Stock Market, under the symbols “ATSPU,” “ATSPT,” and “ATSPW,” respectively. As of September 14, 2022, there were 168 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock, three holders of record of our Class B Common Stock, and 31 holders of record of our Warrants. Our Class B Common Stock is not listed on any exchange and we do not intend to list the Class B Common Stock on any exchange or stock market.

Dividend Policy

We have not paid any cash dividends on our Class A Common Stock to date. The payment of cash dividends in the future will be dependent upon our revenues and earnings, if any, capital requirements and general financial condition. The payment of any cash dividends will be within the discretion of our Board at such time. We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our Class A Common Stock in the foreseeable future.

46

Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF ATSP

The following discussion and analysis of ATSP’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of ATSP and the notes related thereto which are included elsewhere in this prospectus. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this prospectus, including information with respect to SoundHound AI’s plans and strategy for its business and related financing, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, including those factors set forth in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus, our actual results could differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis. SoundHound AI has not included the financial statements of ATSP for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 since the Business Combination was accounted for as the acquisition of ATSP by SoundHound AI (a reverse recapitalization of SoundHound AI) and therefore S-X 3-05 and S-X 8-04 do not apply. Accordingly, the discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of ATSP is limited to the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

References in this section to “ATSP,” the “Company,” “Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co.” “our,” “us” or “we” refer to Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.

Overview

We were formed on September 15, 2020 for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more target businesses (the “Business Combination”).

All activity from the consummation of our IPO on March 15, 2021 through April 26, 2022, the date of the consummation of the Business Combination, related to our formation, the search for a prospective initial Business Combination target, and efforts toward consummating the initial Business Combination.

On November 15, 2021, we entered into a definitive merger agreement with SoundHound Inc., a voice artificial intelligence company, pursuant to which the two companies agreed to consummate a Business Combination (the “Merger Agreement”). The total consideration to be paid to SoundHound Inc. is $2 billion in equity of the Company, with outstanding SoundHound Inc. stock options and warrants included on a net exercise basis.

On April 26, 2022, we consummated our Business Combination with SoundHound, Inc. pursuant to the Merger Agreement. The aggregate merger consideration we paid to Legacy SoundHound security holders in connection with the Business Combination was an amount equal to $2,000,000,000, with outstanding Legacy SoundHound stock options and warrants assumed by us included on a net exercise basis. As a result of the Business Combination, we own 100% of the outstanding common stock of SoundHound, Inc. and we changed our name from “Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co.” to “SoundHound AI, Inc”

Additional information about the Merger Agreement and related transactions can be found in the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on November 16, 2021, the Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed on February 14, 2022, the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 2, 2022 and the Form 8-K/A filed on May 17, 2022.

Results of Operations

For the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

As of December 31, 2021, we have not commenced any operations. All activity for the period from September 15, 2020 (inception) through December 31, 2021 relates to our formation, IPO and, after our IPO, identifying a target

47

Table of Contents

company for a Business Combination. We will not generate any operating revenues until after the completion of our initial Business Combination, at the earliest. We will generate non-operating income in the form of interest income from the proceeds derived from the IPO and placed in the Trust Account.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, we had a net loss of $981,884, which was comprised of operating costs of $1,015,260, interest income of $10,583 from marketable securities held in our Trust Account, and unrealized gain on change in fair value of warrants of $22,793.

For the period from September 15, 2020 (inception) through December 31, 2020, we had a net loss of $716, which was comprised of operating costs of $716.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Information relating to liquidity and capital resources is reported in the section titled Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of SoundHound AI, elsewhere in this prospectus.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. We have identified the following as our critical accounting policies:

Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

The Company accounts for its common stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” Common stock subject to mandatory redemption (if any) is classified as a liability instrument and is measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable common stock (including common stock that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, common stock is classified as stockholders’ equity. The Company’s common stock features certain redemption rights that is considered to be outside of the Company’s control and subject to the occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, common stock subject to possible redemption is presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders’ equity section of the Company’s balance sheet.

Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share

The Company complies with accounting and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. The statements of operations include a presentation of income (loss) per redeemable Public Share and income (loss) per founder non-redeemable share following the two-class method of income (loss) per share. In order to determine the net income (loss) attributable to both the public redeemable shares and founder non-redeemable shares, the Company first considered the total income (loss) allocable to both sets of shares. This is calculated using the total net income (loss) less any dividends paid. For purposes of calculating net income (loss) per share, any remeasurement of the accretion to redemption value of the common stock subject to possible redemption was considered to be dividends paid to the public stockholders. Subsequent to calculating the total income (loss) allocable to both sets of shares, the Company split the amount to be allocated using a ratio of 72.8% for the Public Shares and 27.2% for the founder non-redeemable shares for the year ended December 31, 2021, reflective of the respective participation rights.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements during the periods presented.

48

Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF SOUNDHOUND AI

You should read the following discussion and analysis of SoundHound AI’s financial condition and results of operations together with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes appearing at the end of this prospectus. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this prospectus, including information with respect to SoundHound AI’s plans and strategy for its business and related financing, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, including those factors set forth in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus, our actual results could differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis. Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references in this section to “SoundHound,” “we,” “us,” “our” and other similar terms refer to Legacy SoundHound and its subsidiaries prior to the Business Combination, which became the business of SoundHound AI, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries after giving effect to the Business Combination. Information relating to the audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 are those of Legacy SoundHound prior to the Business Combination. Information relating to unaudited financial statements for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2022 reflect the financial statements of SoundHound AI giving effect to the Business Combination.

Company Overview

We are a leading innovator of conversational intelligence, offering an independent Voice AI platform that enables businesses across industries to deliver high-quality conversational experiences to their customers. Built on proprietary Speech-to-Meaning, Deep Meaning Understanding and Collective AI breakthrough technologies developed over the past 16 years, our advanced Voice AI platform provides exceptional speed and accuracy and enables humans to interact with products and services like they interact with each other — by speaking naturally.

We believe voice-enabled conversational user interface is a more natural interface for nearly all use cases, and product creators should have the ability to design, customize, differentiate, innovate and monetize the interface to their own product, as opposed to outsourcing it to a third-party assistant. For example, using SoundHound, businesses can voice-enable their products so consumers can say things like, “Turn off the air conditioning and lower the windows,” while in their cars, “Find romantic comedies released in the last year,” while streaming on their TV and even place food orders before arriving at a restaurant by talking to their cars, TVs or other IoT devices. Additionally, SoundHound AI’s technology can address complex user queries such as, “Show me all restaurants within half a mile of the Space Needle that are open past 9pm on Wednesdays and have outdoor seating,” and follow-on qualifications such as “Okay, don’t show me anything with less than 3 stars or fast food.”

The SoundHound AI developer platform, Houndify, is an open-access platform that allows developers to leverage SoundHound AI’s Voice AI technology and a library of over 100 content domains, including commonly used domains for points of interest, weather, flight status, sports and more. Houndify’s Collective AI is an architecture for connecting domain knowledge that encourages collaboration and contribution among developers, is always learning, and is greater than the sum of its parts — ensuring the platform continues to become smarter at a faster rate.

SoundHound AI’s technology is live in production and at scale with companies around the globe, including Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz, Pandora, Deutsche Telekom, Snap, VIZIO, KIA and Stellantis. As a testament to its capabilities, the Houndify platform surpassed 1 billion annual queries in 2021. Additionally, traffic has experienced over 100% growth through the first half of 2022, compared to the same period in 2021.

Our current partners span multiple industries and geographies, and together have a combined reach of over 2 billion end users.

Our market position is strengthened by the technical barriers to entry in the Voice AI space, which tend to discourage new market participants. Furthermore, our technology is backed by significant investments in intellectual property, with over 250 granted or pending patents, spanning multiple fields including speech recognition, natural language understanding, machine learning, monetization and more. We have achieved this critical momentum in part thanks to a long-tenured leadership team with deep expertise and proven ability to attract and retain talent. We believe that SoundHound AI has extensive technical expertise and a proven track record of innovation and value creation for us to continue to attract customers in the growing market for Voice AI transactions, which is estimated to grow to $160.0 billion per year by 2026.

49

Table of Contents

We believe that SoundHound AI is well-positioned to fill the growing void and demand for an independent Voice AI platform. The Voice AI offerings from big tech companies are primarily an extension of their more core services and offerings. Rather than strengthening a customer’s product, it can take over the entire experience, thus disintermediating the company’s brand, users and data. As a result, brands relying on big tech mostly lose their ability to innovate, differentiate and customize. In some cases, these providers even compete with the products they support, making them increasingly less attractive as a choice for a voice interface.

The alternative options are generally legacy vendors tending to use dated technologies at a high price. Furthermore, many of these technologies still require significant effort by the product creators to turn them into solutions that can compete with the quality of the big tech offering, which in many cases is not practical. Due to the high barrier to entry in Voice AI, there are not many independent players.

This creates a great opportunity for SoundHound AI: we believe that we provide disruptive technologies that are superior to the alternatives, with better terms, allowing customers to maintain their brand, control the user experience, get access to the data and define their own privacy policies, while being able to customize, differentiate, innovate and monetize.

When it comes to criteria for adoption, our goal is to win on every dimension. The first two criteria customers typically consider are technology and brand control. We strive to provide our customers with the best technology, and we provide a white label solution giving our customers control of their brands. In some industries you may have to choose between technology and brand control. In our case, we offer our customers the best of both, we enable them to offer disruptive technologies to their users while maintaining control of their brand and user experience.

With our disruptive monetization strategy, we also provide an additional path to monetization for our customer base. By choosing our platform, product creators can generate additional revenue while making their product better using Voice AI, providing further incentive to choose our platform.

We believe that we offer a superior ecosystem, benefitting from our Collective AI product architecture along with offering customers definable privacy controls, which are becoming increasingly important in the industry of Voice AI. Additionally, there is no conflict of interest between us and our partners and customers as we do not compete with them (as some other Voice AI vendors do). We also offer edge and hybrid solutions. This means our technology can optionally run without a cloud connection for increased flexibility and privacy. Our focus is on delivering the most advanced Voice AI in the world and thus allowing our partners to differentiate and innovate their overall experiences for their brands.

We strongly believe that product creators know their product and users best. The idea of a single third-party assistant taking over their product is not reflective of our anticipated future. We envision that every product will have its own identity, and they will have Voice AI customized in different ways. They can each tap into a single Collective AI to access the ever-growing set of domains, but the product creators can innovate on top of Collective AI and create value for the end users in their own way. This is the future that we are focusing on enabling.

When a product is voice enabled, we see three stages of integration and value propositions. The first stage is to enable the core use cases of the product. For example, the product could be a TV, a coffee machine, a car, a wearable device, a robot, a smart speaker or an appliance, and with your voice you can control the functionality of the device and the product. On a TV, you can ask it to change the channel, increase the volume, rewind by 30 seconds, search for movies and even add personalization by adding a TV show to your favorites. Note that this is different from adding a third-party voice assistant to the product. Our view is that every product needs to have an interface, and voice-AI is a natural and compelling interface that unlocks new use cases and potential. Consider just the simple example of rewinding or fast forwarding by a specific duration. That is a command that can be done with voice within a few seconds, but it can take many steps to do using alternative interfaces such as a remote control or a companion app.

Once the core features of a product are voice-enabled, it can be further enhanced in the second stage of integration: the addition of third-party content and domains. SoundHound AI has extensive partnerships with content providers and, through these partnerships, can fulfill many needs of our customers. For example, your TV, car or even a coffee machine can answer questions about weather, sports scores, stock prices or flight status, and even search for local businesses. The addition of these public domains further enhances the value proposition of the product.

50

Table of Contents

Finally, as the third step, you enter the world of monetization where you can add features that deliver value to the end user, and also generate revenues that we share with the product creators. To summarize with an example, imagine walking up to your coffee machine and asking for a triple shot extra hot latte. While you are waiting for your drink, you can ask for weather and sports scores, and if you desire, you can even order bagels from your favorite nearby bakery.

There are three pillars to our revenue model. The first pillar is Product Royalties, where we voice enable a product and the product creator pays us a royalty based on volume, usage or duration. SoundHound AI collects royalties when Houndify is placed in a car, smart speaker or an appliance, for example.

The second pillar is Service Subscription. This is when, for example, SoundHound AI enables customer service or food ordering for restaurants or content management, appointments and voice commerce. And, for that, we generate subscription revenue from the service providers. Pillars one and two can grow independently and they are proven, established business models.

The third pillar creates a monetization ecosystem that brings the services from pillar two to the products in pillar one. When the users of a voice-enabled product in pillar one access the voice-enabled services of pillar two, these services generate new leads and transactions. SoundHound AI generates monetization revenue from the services for generating these leads and transactions, and we will share the revenue with the product creators of pillar one. For example, when the driver of a voice-enabled car places an order to a restaurant that’s also voice enabled, we will have unlocked a seamless transaction. Accordingly, the restaurant will pay us for that order, and we will share that revenue with the product creator or the car manufacturer. In this example, each party receives value in the ecosystem. The restaurant is happy because they generated a new lead and booked a sale. The user is happy because they have received value through a natural ordering process, simply by speaking to their car. And the car manufacturer is happy because they delivered value to the end user and generated additional revenue from the usage of their product. During the periods presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements, we have not generated revenue from leads and transactions on voice-enabled products from voice-enabled services other than from the SoundHound music identification app. Going forward, SoundHound AI expects monetization revenue to be generated through a combination of advertising revenue from the music identification app and from leads and transactions on voice-enabled products from voice-enabled services.

We expect this disruptive, three-pillar business model will create a monetization flywheel; as more products integrate into our platform, more users will use it and more services will choose to integrate as well. This creates even more usage, and results in a flow of revenue share to product creators, which further encourages even greater adoption and integration with our platform and the cycle will perpetually continue and expand. This ecosystem increases adoption and increases our addressable market. All three pillars contribute to our revenues today in 2022. While the majority of the contribution is currently from our first pillar of royalties, over time, the subscription and monetization portions are expected to grow and make a bigger contribution to our overall revenue.

Recent Developments

ATSP Merger

On November 15, 2021, Archimedes Tec SPAC Partners Co. (“ATSP”), Legacy SoundHound and Merger Sub, Inc, entered into a merger agreement (“Merger Agreement”), resulting in the reverse recapitalization of Legacy SoundHound (the “Business Combination”) and the issuance of Archimedes Tech SPAC Partners Co. (“ATSP”) common stock (now common stock of the Company) in the PIPE investment. The Business Combination was completed on April 26, 2022. Upon the consummation of the Business Combination, ATSP changed its name to SoundHound AI, Inc.

Cash proceeds of the Business Combination were funded through a combination of $5.4 million in cash held in trust by ATSP (following satisfaction of redemptions by public stockholders), and $113.0 million in aggregate gross proceeds from PIPE investors in exchange for 11,300,000 shares of SoundHound AI Class A Common Stock that closed substantially contemporaneously with the consummation of the Business Combination. The combined company incurred $27.7 million of expenses related to the transaction. After giving effect to these transactions, SoundHound received $90.7 million in net proceeds, which are intended to be used for general corporate purposes, including investments in sales, marketing and advancement of product development, but which may also be used to acquire other companies in the Voice AI industry. SoundHound has not entered into any agreements to acquire companies in the

51

Table of Contents

Voice AI industry, nor does it require consummation of mergers or acquisitions of other businesses to achieve its stated goals. That said, if there are candidates that makes strategic, operational and financial sense, the combined company may consider such opportunities from time to time as they become available.

Accounting Impact of the Business Combination

The Business Combination was accounted for as a “reverse recapitalization,” with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded, in accordance with GAAP. A reverse recapitalization did not result in a new basis of accounting, and the financial statements of the combined entity represent the continuation of the financial statements of Legacy SoundHound in many respects.

Under this method of accounting, ATSP was treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. For accounting purposes, SoundHound was deemed to be the accounting acquirer in the transaction and, consequently, the transaction was treated as a recapitalization of SoundHound (i.e., a capital transaction involving the issuance of stock by ATSP for the stock of SoundHound). Accordingly, the consolidated assets, liabilities and results of operations of SoundHound became the historical financial statements of the combined company, and ATSP’s assets, liabilities and results of operations were consolidated with SoundHound’s beginning on the acquisition date. Operations prior to the Business Combination were presented as those of SoundHound in future reports. The net assets of SoundHound were recognized at carrying value, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded.

Committed Equity Financing

On August 16, 2022, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with Cantor establishing the Facility. Upon the initial satisfaction of the conditions to Cantor’s obligation to purchase Class A Shares set forth in the Purchase Agreement, including that the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is declared effective by the SEC and a final prospectus relating thereto is filed with the SEC, we have the right from time to time at our option to direct Cantor to purchase up to the lesser of (i) 25,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock and (ii) the Exchange, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. See The Committed Equity Financing elsewhere in this prospectus.

Impact of COVID-19

As the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business continues to develop, we are closely monitoring the global situation. As a supplier to multiple industries, including the automotive industry, we are adversely impacted by the decline in the production of certain of our customers’ products in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, including reductions in automotive production, chip shortages in the semiconductor industry and broader supply chain challenges across the globe. We are unable at this time to predict the full impact of COVID-19 on our operations, liquidity and financial results, and, depending on the magnitude and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, such impact may be material. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on our billings and revenue recognized from per unit royalties for Houndify Solutions and, although the impact during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 was not considered material, the extent of this impact in future periods is not currently determinable. However, we expect billings to increase as car manufacturers continue to recover from delayed production due to the pandemic. Accordingly, it may not be indicative of future results and trends for reasons other than COVID-19 discussed herein may not be indicative of future operating results and trends. While we are unable to accurately predict the full impact that COVID-19 will have on our results from operations, financial condition, liquidity and cash flows due to numerous uncertainties, including the duration and severity of the pandemic and containment measures, these measures have impacted, and may continue to impact, our business, as well as our customers and consumers.

SoundHound continues to monitor its operations and government recommendations and has modified its operations because of the COVID-19 pandemic, including making remote work more accessible to its employees. SoundHound does not yet know the full extent of potential impacts on our business and operations. Given the extant uncertainty, SoundHound cannot reasonably estimate the impact on our future results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

52

Table of Contents

Known Trends, Demands, Commitments, Events or Uncertainties Impacting Our Business

SoundHound believes that its performance and future success depend on many factors that present significant opportunities for us but also pose risks and challenges, including the following:

        Investments in Technology.    Our business model since inception has been to invest significantly in our Houndify platform technology in the form of dedicated research and development. We will continue to invest in the development of our software platform to deliver consumers with continually improving value and delight. Our investments include continuous enhancements to our ASR and NLU models, investments in data to help refine and improve our underlying algorithms, and other costs to attract and retain a world-class technical workforce.

        Revenue Growth.    Our commercial success, including acceptance and use of our applications, will depend on a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control, such as size of the market opportunity, successful integration with original equipment manufacturers (“OEM”), competition and demand from the public and members of the conversational AI community. Our product offerings have disruptive effects in the ways human interact with computers and we are developing new, innovative economic models that we believe will enhance value to customers, partners and shareholders. For our revenue growth to continue, we will need to invest in sales and marketing to ensure our messaging, capabilities and offerings are well understood and valued by customers. With our primary focus on enterprise customers, we also need to align with enterprise sales cycles, which can be longer than consumer cycles. Additionally, as we build new customer relationships, we continually focus on maintaining and growing our existing relationships through long-term partnerships through significant upfront investment in customer specific engineering projects. Our revenue consists of subscription revenue, royalties, and monetization revenues, which we consider recurring if our customer contract does not terminate the relationship and we continue to provide the customer with same or other services in the subsequent year. For example, if we perform a one-time non-recurring engineering project for a customer and that same customer engages with us afterwards for a Product Royalty contract, the revenue in both years, regardless of the specific service, would contribute towards our overall customer retention rate. By contrast, if SoundHound provides an annual subscription contract to a customer and that customer does not execute an agreement for services for the subsequent annual period, SoundHound would not consider that customer as retained. As determined on the foregoing basis, based on the number of customers to whom we provide services during one year compared to the prior year period, our customer retention rate as of June 30, 2022 is at least 90%.

        Cost of Revenues.    The results of our business will depend in part on our ability to establish and increase our gross margins by scaling our business model and effectively managing our costs to produce our applications. Our revenue will be directly supported by data center investments in technology, both on premise and in the cloud. The associated workloads, along with supporting labor costs, will need to be managed effectively as we scale to improve our margins over time. Our Houndify platform is also powered by a library of over 100 content domains, including commonly used domains for points of interest, weather, flight status, sports and more.

        Seasonality.    Our ability to accurately forecast demand for our technology could be negatively affected by many factors, including seasonal demand. We anticipate that we will experience fluctuations in customer and user demand based on seasonality. Given that we address markets across several different industry verticals, the associated overall seasonality impact to us may not be consistent year-to-year.

        Development of International Markets.    We have rapidly expanded our capabilities and global reach. We have globalized our solution from 1 to 22 languages, with a roadmap of 38 languages and 114 acoustic variations. We view opportunities for conversational Voice AI to be global in reach, and we expect our growth to be fueled across multiple geographies.

        Industry Risks.    The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected our business and results of operations to date. The duration and extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations remains uncertain and could be material. Additionally, the war between Russia and Ukraine, which began on February 24, 2022, has had an adverse impact on the global economy and financial markets. Although our business has not been materially impacted by this ongoing military conflict, it is impossible to predict the extent to which our operations, or those of our customers’

53

Table of Contents

suppliers and manufacturers, will be impacted in the short and long term, or the ways in which the conflict may impact our business. The extent and duration of the military action, sanctions and resulting market disruptions are impossible to predict but could be substantial.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying audited consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for the year ended December 31, 2021 (“Fiscal 2021”) and December 31, 2020 (“Fiscal 2020”). The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.

Components of Our Results of Operations

Revenues

SoundHound AI generates revenues through: (1) “Product Royalties,” meaning royalties from voice-enabled products which are driven by volume, usage or life of applicable products and are affected by number of devices, users and units of usage time, (2) “Service Subscriptions,” meaning subscription revenues, derived from monthly fees based on usage-based revenue, revenue per query or revenue per user, and (3) “Monetization,” meaning revenues generated from focused ad targeting to users of products and services that employ our technologies. Currently, our monetization revenue is derived from our music identification application primarily in the form of ad impression revenue — revenue generated when an ad is shown in our music identification app — and, to a lesser extent, affiliate revenue for referrals to music stores for content sales and downloads of our premium music application.

“Houndify Products,” meaning products of our customers that employ SoundHound AI technology, and “Houndify Services,” meaning services provided to customers related to SoundHound AI technology, provide our customers with access to our Houndify platform over a contractual period without taking possession of the software. This generally includes revenues derived from up-front services (“professional services”) that develop and customize the Houndify platform to fit customers’ specific needs. These professional services are included in both our Product Royalties and Service Subscriptions revenues. Non-distinct professional services are recognized over the contractual life of the contract, whereas revenues from distinct professional services are recognized as the services are performed or when the services are complete depending on the arrangement.

We have and may continue to experience volatility for our remaining performance obligations and deferred revenue as a result of the timing for completing our performance obligations. We had remaining performance obligations in the amount of $23.1 million as of June 30, 2022, consisting of both billed and unbilled consideration. Deferred revenue consists of billings or payments received in advance of revenue being recognized and can fluctuate with changes in billing frequency and other factors. As a result of these factors, as well as our mix of revenue streams and billing frequencies, we do not believe that changes in our remaining performance obligations and deferred revenue in a given period are directly correlated with our revenue growth in that period.

We anticipate that we will experience fluctuations in our revenues from quarter-to-quarter due to a variety of factors, including the supply and demand of end user products such as automobiles, the size and success of our sales force and the number of users who are aware of and use our applications.

Operating Expenses

We classify our operating expenses into the following four categories, which are cost of revenues, sales and marketing, research and development, and general and administrative. Excluding cost of revenues, each expense category includes overhead, including rent and related occupancy costs, which is allocated based on headcount.

Cost of Revenues

SoundHound AI’s cost of revenues are comprised of direct costs associated directly with SoundHound AI’s revenue streams as described above. This primarily includes costs and depreciation related to hosting for cloud-based services, such as data centers, electricity charges, content fees and certain personnel-related expenses that are directly related to these revenue streams.

54

Table of Contents

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expenses consist of personnel-related expenses related costs of the sales and marketing team, promotional campaigns, advertising fees and other marketing related costs. Advertising costs are expensed to sales and marketing when incurred. We expect that our sales and marketing expenses will continue to increase as we continue to increase headcount and program spend to support a greater investment in go-to-market strategies and customer engagement.

Research and Development

Our research and development expenses are our largest operating expense as we continue to develop our software platforms and produce new technological capabilities.

The costs of these activities consist primarily of personnel-related expenses, third-party consultants and costs associated with technological supplies and materials, along with other direct and allocated expenses such as facility costs, depreciation and other shared expenses. We expense research and development costs in the periods in which they are incurred. We expect that our research and development expenses will continue to increase as we continue to invest in development activities related to our current and future applications.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses consist of personnel-related costs, accounting and legal expenses, third-party consulting costs, insurance and allocated overhead including rent, depreciation and utilities.

We expect that our general and administrative expenses will increase due to our operations as a public company, including expenses related to compliance with the rules and regulations applicable to companies listed on a national securities exchange and related to compliance and reporting obligations pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, as well as increased expenses for insurance (including director and officer insurance), investor relations activities and other administrative and professional services such as accounting, legal, regulatory and tax. We also expect our administrative expenses, including personnel related expenses, to increase as we increase our headcount and expand our facilities and information technology to support our operations as a public company. Our general and administrative expenses may fluctuate from period-to-period due to seasonality.

Interest Expense

Interest expense consists of stated interest incurred on our outstanding convertible notes and debt during the relevant periods, as well as the amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs over the life of the instruments or a shorter period if a lender can demand payment in the event certain events occur that are outside of the control of the Company.

The issuance of debt instruments with direct transaction costs and the bifurcation of embedded derivatives and warrant instruments has resulted in debt discounts. Direct transaction costs consist of various transaction fees, such as bank and legal fees, that are incurred upon issuance. Overall, the discounts from debt issuance costs result in an increased amount of interest expense over the amortization period.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Change in Fair Value of Derivative and Warrant Liability

We account for certain warrants and conversion features as liabilities at fair value and adjust the instruments to fair value at each reporting period. We determined that the conversion feature associated with one of our debt instruments is a freestanding derivative instrument. The derivative and warrant liabilities’ changes in fair value that result from remeasurement at each balance sheet date is recognized in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss as other income (expense), net.

55

Table of Contents

Loss on Extinguishment of Convertible Note

We did not record any losses on extinguishment of convertible note during the six months ended June 30, 2022 or during the year ended December 31, 2021. The loss on extinguishment of convertible note during Fiscal 2020 was attributable to the convertible note issued in May 2020 that was converted into shares of our Series D-3 and D-3A preferred stock in August 2020 at a loss.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Other income (expense), net consists of realized and unrealized gains and losses related to foreign currency revaluation. As the functional currency of the Company and its subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar, transactions denominated in foreign currency are converted into U.S. dollars at the average rates of exchange prevailing during the period. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are remeasured into U.S. dollars at current exchange rates at the balance sheet date for monetary assets and liabilities and at historical exchange rates for non-monetary assets and liabilities.

Provision for Income Taxes

Income tax expense includes federal, state and foreign taxes and is based on reported income before income taxes. We are in a cumulative loss position for tax purposes based on historical earnings. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $301.5 million and $102.9 million available to reduce future taxable income, if any, for both federal and state income tax purposes, respectively. Additionally, as of December 31, 2021, the Company had net operating loss carryforwards of $3.4 million relating to net operating losses in Germany (“Germany Net Operating Losses”). The federal and state net operating loss carry forwards will start to expire in 2025 and 2028, respectively, with the exception of $212.9 million in federal net operating loss carryforwards, which can be carried forward indefinitely. The Germany Net Operating Losses can be carried forward indefinitely. The Company also had federal and state research and development credit carry forwards of approximately $8.9 million and $8.0 million, respectively, at December 31, 2021. The federal credits will expire starting in 2029 if not utilized. State research and development tax credits will carry forward indefinitely.

In addition, we may in the future experience ownership changes as a result of changes in our stock ownership (some of which are not in our control). For these reasons, or other factors outside of our control, such as future regulatory or other changes, our ability to utilize our NOL carryforwards and other tax attributes to reduce future tax liabilities may be limited.

Results of Operations

The following tables set forth the significant components of our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (in thousands except for %):

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Change

   

2022

 

2021

 

$

 

%

Revenues

 

$

6,152

 

 

$

8,279

 

 

$

(2,127

)

 

(26

)%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

2,488

 

 

 

1,628

 

 

 

860

 

 

53

%

Sales and marketing

 

 

4,370

 

 

 

1,008

 

 

 

3,362

 

 

334

%

Research and development

 

 

18,862

 

 

 

14,023

 

 

 

4,839

 

 

35

%

General and administrative

 

 

9,362

 

 

 

4,119

 

 

 

5,243

 

 

127

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

35,082

 

 

 

20,778

 

 

 

14,304

 

 

69

%

Loss from operations

 

 

(28,930

)

 

 

(12,499

)

 

 

(16,431

)

 

131

%

Other expense, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,572

)

 

 

(2,294

)

 

 

722

 

 

(31

)%

Other income, net

 

 

223

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

39

 

 

21

%

Total other expense, net

 

 

(1,349

)

 

 

(2,110

)

 

 

761

 

 

(36

)%

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(30,279

)

 

 

(14,609

)

 

 

(15,670

)

 

107

%

Provision for income taxes

 

 

389

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

346

 

 

805

%

Net loss

 

$

(30,668

)

 

$

(14,652

)

 

$

(16,016

)

 

109

%

56

Table of Contents

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

Change

   

2022

 

2021

 

$

 

%

Revenues

 

$

10,442

 

 

$

12,018

 

 

$

(1,576

)

 

(13

)%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

4,261

 

 

 

3,221

 

 

 

1,040

 

 

32

%

Sales and marketing

 

 

6,951

 

 

 

2,084

 

 

 

4,867

 

 

234

%

Research and development

 

 

35,512

 

 

 

28,466

 

 

 

7,046

 

 

25

%

General and administrative

 

 

13,365

 

 

 

7,365

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

81

%

Total operating expenses

 

 

60,089

 

 

 

41,136

 

 

 

18,953

 

 

46

%

Loss from operations

 

 

(49,647

)

 

 

(29,118

)

 

 

(20,529

)

 

71

%

Other expense, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Interest expense

 

 

(4,549

)

 

 

(3,042

)

 

 

(1,507

)

 

50

%

Other expense, net

 

 

(834

)

 

 

(1,542

)

 

 

708