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J

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

SIMON PROPERTY GROUP, INC.

SIMON PROPERTY GROUP, L.P.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
Delaware
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)
(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

001-14469
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
001-36110
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)
(Commission File No.)

04-6268599
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
34-1755769
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

225 West Washington Street
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204
(Address of principal executive offices)

(317636-1600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

   

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbols

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Common stock, $0.0001 par value

SPG

New York Stock Exchange

Simon Property Group, Inc.

83/8% Series J Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value

SPGJ

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Simon Property Group, Inc. Yes  No

Simon Property Group, L.P. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).

Simon Property Group, Inc. Yes No

Simon Property Group, L.P. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Simon Property Group, Inc.:

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company

Simon Property Group, L.P.:

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Simon Property Group, L.P.

Indicate by check mark whether Registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). 

Simon Property Group, Inc. Yes  No

Simon Property Group, L.P. Yes  No

As of March 31, 2024, Simon Property Group, Inc. had 325,935,826 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 8,000 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding. Simon Property Group, L.P. has no common stock outstanding.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This report combines the quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024 of Simon Property Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Simon Property Group, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to “Simon” mean Simon Property Group, Inc. and references to the “Operating Partnership” mean Simon Property Group, L.P. References to “we,” “us” and “our” mean collectively Simon, the Operating Partnership and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Simon and/or the Operating Partnership.

Simon is a real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code. We are structured as an umbrella partnership REIT under which substantially all of our business is conducted through the Operating Partnership, Simon’s majority-owned partnership subsidiary, for which Simon is the general partner. As of March 31, 2024, Simon owned an approximate 87.0% ownership interest in the Operating Partnership, with the remaining 13.0% ownership interest owned by limited partners. As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, Simon has exclusive control of the Operating Partnership’s day-to-day management.

We operate Simon and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of Simon consists of the same members as the management of the Operating Partnership. As general partner with control of the Operating Partnership, Simon consolidates the Operating Partnership for financial reporting purposes, and Simon has no material assets or liabilities other than its investment in the Operating Partnership. Therefore, the assets and liabilities of Simon and the Operating Partnership are the same on their respective financial statements.

We believe that combining the quarterly reports on Form 10-Q of Simon and the Operating Partnership into this single report provides the following benefits:

enhances investors’ understanding of Simon and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined presentation since substantially all of the disclosure in this report applies to both Simon and the Operating Partnership; and
creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.

We believe it is important for investors to understand the few differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership in the context of how we operate as a consolidated company. The primary difference is that Simon itself does not conduct business, other than acting as the general partner of the Operating Partnership and issuing equity or equity-related instruments from time to time. In addition, Simon itself does not incur any indebtedness, as all debt is incurred by the Operating Partnership or entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by the Operating Partnership.

The Operating Partnership holds, directly or indirectly, substantially all of our assets, including our ownership interests in our joint ventures. The Operating Partnership conducts substantially all of our business and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity. Except for the net proceeds from equity issuances by Simon, which are contributed to the capital of the Operating Partnership in exchange for, in the case of common stock issuances by Simon, common units of partnership interest in the Operating Partnership, or units, or, in the case of preferred stock issuances by Simon, preferred units of partnership interest in the Operating Partnership, or preferred units, the Operating Partnership, directly or indirectly, generates the capital required by our business through its operations, the incurrence of indebtedness, proceeds received from the disposition of certain properties and joint ventures and the issuance of units or preferred units to third parties.

The presentation of stockholders’ equity, partners’ equity and noncontrolling interests are the main areas of difference between the consolidated financial statements of Simon and those of the Operating Partnership. The differences between stockholders’ equity and partners’ equity result from differences in the equity issued at the Simon and Operating Partnership levels. The units held by limited partners in the Operating Partnership are accounted for as partners’ equity in the Operating Partnership’s financial statements and as noncontrolling interests in Simon’s financial statements. The noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership’s financial statements include the interests of unaffiliated partners in various consolidated partnerships. The noncontrolling interests in Simon’s financial statements include the same noncontrolling interests at the Operating Partnership level and, as previously stated, the units held by limited partners of the Operating Partnership. Although classified differently, total equity of Simon and the Operating Partnership is the same.

To help investors understand the differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership, this report provides:

separate consolidated financial statements for Simon and the Operating Partnership;
a single set of condensed notes to such consolidated financial statements that includes separate discussions of noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity or partners’ equity, accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and per share and per unit data, as applicable;

2

a combined Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section that also includes discrete information related to each entity; and
separate Part II, Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities sections related to each entity.

This report also includes separate Part I, Item 4. Controls and Procedures sections and separate Exhibits 31 and 32 certifications for each of Simon and the Operating Partnership in order to establish that the requisite certifications have been made and that Simon and the Operating Partnership are each compliant with Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. §1350. The separate discussions of Simon and the Operating Partnership in this report should be read in conjunction with each other to understand our results on a consolidated basis and how management operates our business.

In order to highlight the differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership, the separate sections in this report for Simon and the Operating Partnership specifically refer to Simon and the Operating Partnership. In the sections that combine disclosure of Simon and the Operating Partnership, this report refers to actions or holdings of Simon and the Operating Partnership as being “our” actions or holdings. Although the Operating Partnership is generally the entity that directly or indirectly enters into contracts and joint ventures, holds assets and incurs debt, we believe that references to “we,” “us” or “our” in this context is appropriate because the business is one enterprise and we operate substantially all of our business through the Operating Partnership.

3

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Simon Property Group, L.P.

Form 10-Q

INDEX

    

Page

Part I — Financial Information

Item 1.

Consolidated Financial Statements of Simon Property Group, Inc. (Unaudited)

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

5

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

6

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

7

Consolidated Statements of Equity at March 31, 2024 and 2023

8

Consolidated Financial Statements of Simon Property Group, L.P. (Unaudited)

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

10

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

11

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

12

Consolidated Statements of Equity at March 31, 2024 and 2023

13

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

15

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

36

Item 3.

Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk

48

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

49

Part II — Other Information

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

50

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

50

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

50

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

50

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

50

Item 5.

Other Information

50

Item 6.

Exhibits

51

Signatures

52

4

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)

    

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

   

2024

   

2023

ASSETS:

Investment properties, at cost

$

39,494,402

$

39,285,138

Less - accumulated depreciation

 

18,014,303

 

17,716,788

 

21,480,099

 

21,568,350

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,251,105

 

1,168,991

Short-term investments

1,300,000

1,000,000

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

 

793,437

 

826,126

Investment in TRG, at equity

 

3,004,129

 

3,049,719

Investment in Klépierre, at equity

 

1,447,515

 

1,527,872

Investment in other unconsolidated entities, at equity

2,770,652

3,540,648

Right-of-use assets, net

524,920

484,073

Deferred costs and other assets

 

1,124,834

 

1,117,716

Total assets

$

33,696,691

$

34,283,495

LIABILITIES:

Mortgages and unsecured indebtedness

$

25,519,340

$

26,033,423

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, and deferred revenues

 

1,527,859

 

1,693,248

Cash distributions and losses in unconsolidated entities, at equity

 

1,724,494

 

1,760,922

Dividend payable

1,412

1,842

Lease liabilities

525,681

484,861

Other liabilities

 

635,781

 

621,601

Total liabilities

 

29,934,567

 

30,595,897

Commitments and contingencies

Limited partners’ preferred interest in the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests

 

177,528

 

195,949

EQUITY:

Stockholders’ Equity

Capital stock (850,000,000 total shares authorized, $0.0001 par value, 238,000,000 shares of excess common stock, 100,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock):

Series J 83/8% cumulative redeemable preferred stock, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 796,948 issued and outstanding with a liquidation value of $39,847

 

41,024

 

41,106

Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 511,990,000 shares authorized, 342,895,886 and 342,895,886 issued and outstanding, respectively

 

33

 

33

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000 shares authorized, 8,000 issued and outstanding

 

 

Capital in excess of par value

 

11,370,740

 

11,406,236

Accumulated deficit

 

(5,987,514)

 

(6,095,576)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(165,796)

 

(172,787)

Common stock held in treasury, at cost, 16,960,060 and 16,983,364 shares, respectively

 

(2,152,382)

 

(2,156,178)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

3,106,105

 

3,022,834

Noncontrolling interests

 

478,491

 

468,815

Total equity

 

3,584,596

 

3,491,649

Total liabilities and equity

$

33,696,691

$

34,283,495

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

5

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

For the Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

REVENUE:

Lease income

$

1,302,671

$

1,248,185

Management fees and other revenues

 

29,455

 

28,949

Other income

 

110,464

 

73,715

Total revenue

 

1,442,590

 

1,350,849

EXPENSES:

Property operating

 

126,114

 

111,748

Depreciation and amortization

 

307,369

 

307,059

Real estate taxes

 

109,210

 

111,159

Repairs and maintenance

 

25,728

 

22,174

Advertising and promotion

 

28,081

 

24,159

Home and regional office costs

 

60,723

 

56,820

General and administrative

 

9,132

 

9,107

Other

 

41,053

 

45,900

Total operating expenses

 

707,410

 

688,126

OPERATING INCOME BEFORE OTHER ITEMS

 

735,180

 

662,723

Interest expense

 

(230,623)

 

(199,429)

Gain on disposal, exchange, or revaluation of equity interests, net (Notes 3 and 6)

414,769

Income and other tax (expense) benefit

 

(47,603)

 

13,453

(Loss) income from unconsolidated entities

 

(34,342)

 

21,900

Unrealized (losses) gains in fair value of publicly traded equity instruments and derivative instrument, net

(7,192)

20,608

Gain on acquisition of controlling interest, sale or disposal of, or recovery on, assets and interests in unconsolidated entities and impairment, net

 

10,966

 

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

841,155

519,255

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

108,619

 

66,594

Preferred dividends

 

834

 

834

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS

$

731,702

$

451,827

BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$

2.25

$

1.38

Consolidated Net Income

$

841,155

$

519,255

Unrealized gain on derivative hedge agreements

 

27,744

 

5,672

Net gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

 

(1,611)

 

(501)

Currency translation adjustments

 

(17,429)

 

(751)

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

 

(626)

 

194

Comprehensive income

 

849,233

 

523,869

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

109,705

 

67,189

Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders

$

739,528

$

456,680

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

6

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Dollars in thousands)

For the Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

Consolidated Net Income

$

841,155

$

519,255

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities

Depreciation and amortization

 

324,762

 

322,392

Gain on acquisition of controlling interests, sale or disposal of, or recovery on, assets and interests in unconsolidated entities and impairment, net

 

(10,966)

 

Gain on disposal, exchange, or revaluation of equity interests, net

(414,769)

Unrealized losses (gains) in fair value of publicly traded equity instruments and derivative instrument, net

7,192

(20,608)

Straight-line lease loss

 

3,849

 

6,912

Loss (income) from unconsolidated entities

 

34,342

 

(21,900)

Distributions of income from unconsolidated entities

 

73,341

 

119,146

Changes in assets and liabilities

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

 

30,426

 

25,774

Deferred costs and other assets

 

(3,392)

 

3,981

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, deferred revenues and other

 

(112,837)

 

(126,271)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

773,103

 

828,681

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

Acquisitions

 

 

(27,712)

Funding of loans to related parties

 

(106,000)

 

(6,500)

Repayments of loans to related parties

 

4,083

 

2,913

Capital expenditures, net

 

(162,974)

 

(166,070)

Cash impact from the consolidation of properties

 

10,454

 

Investments in unconsolidated entities

 

(27,923)

 

(10,664)

Purchase of short-term investments

(600,000)

Proceeds from redemption of short-term investments

300,000

Purchase of equity instruments

 

(626)

 

Proceeds from sales of equity instruments

 

1,152,180

 

978

Distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities and other

 

124,177

 

47,315

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

693,371

 

(159,740)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

Proceeds from sales of common stock and other, net of transaction costs

 

(82)

 

(83)

Purchase of shares related to stock grant recipients' tax withholdings

(4,438)

(2,624)

Redemption of limited partner units

 

(40,716)

 

(2,858)

Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders in properties

 

(6,571)

 

(5,525)

Contributions from noncontrolling interest holders in properties

 

1,734

 

6,459

Preferred distributions of the Operating Partnership

 

(432)

 

(479)

Distributions to stockholders and preferred dividends

 

(636,453)

 

(590,434)

Distributions to limited partners

 

(95,349)

 

(85,163)

Proceeds from issuance of debt, net of transaction costs

 

67,890

 

1,412,721

Repayments of debt

 

(669,943)

 

(867,160)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(1,384,360)

 

(135,146)

INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

82,114

 

533,795

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period

 

1,168,991

 

621,628

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period

$

1,251,105

$

1,155,423

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

7

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Equity

(Dollars in thousands)

   

   

   

Accumulated

   

   

   

Common

   

   

 

Other

Capital in

Stock

 

Preferred

Common

Comprehensive

Excess of

Accumulated

Held in

Noncontrolling

Total

 

    

Stock

    

Stock

    

Income (Loss)

    

Par Value

    

Deficit

    

Treasury

    

interests

    

Equity

 

December 31, 2023

$

41,106

$

33

$

(172,787)

$

11,406,236

$

(6,095,576)

$

(2,156,178)

$

468,815

$

3,491,649

Series J preferred stock premium amortization

(82)

(82)

Stock incentive program (54,075 common shares)

(8,234)

8,234

Redemption of limited partner units (279,350 units)

(38,160)

(2,556)

(40,716)

Amortization of stock incentive

5,118

5,118

Long-term incentive performance units

4,765

4,765

Issuance of unit equivalents and other (30,771 common shares repurchased)

(1)

11,979

(4,438)

 

(252)

 

7,288

Unrealized gain on hedging activities

24,138

3,606

27,744

Currency translation adjustments

(15,201)

(2,228)

(17,429)

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

(545)

(81)

(626)

Net gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

(1,401)

(210)

(1,611)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

6,991

1,087

8,078

Adjustment to limited partners’ interest from change in ownership in the Operating Partnership

 

5,781

 

(5,781)

 

Distributions to common stockholders and limited partners, excluding Operating Partnership preferred interests

 

(636,453)

 

(95,349)

 

(731,802)

Distributions to other noncontrolling interest partners

 

(2,040)

(2,040)

Net income, excluding $432 attributable to preferred interests in the Operating Partnership and a $1,615 loss attributable to noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

 

 

732,536

 

109,802

 

842,338

March 31, 2024

$

41,024

$

33

$

(165,796)

$

11,370,740

$

(5,987,514)

$

(2,152,382)

$

478,491

$

3,584,596

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

8

Simon Property Group, Inc.

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Equity

(Dollars in thousands)

   

   

   

Accumulated

   

   

   

Common

   

   

Other

Capital in

Stock

Preferred

Common

Comprehensive

Excess of

Accumulated

Held in

Noncontrolling

Total

    

Stock

    

Stock

    

Income (Loss)

    

Par Value

    

Deficit

    

Treasury

    

interests

    

Equity

December 31, 2022

$

41,435

$

34

$

(164,873)

$

11,232,881

$

(5,926,974)

$

(2,043,979)

$

473,128

$

3,611,652

Series J preferred stock premium amortization

(83)

(83)

Stock incentive program (65,017 common shares)

(7,880)

7,880

Redemption of limited partner units (22,442 units)

(2,645)

(213)

(2,858)

Amortization of stock incentive

5,379

5,379

Long-term incentive performance units

3,382

3,382

Issuance of unit equivalents and other (22,338 common shares repurchased)

(5,020)

(2,624)

 

189

 

(7,455)

Unrealized gain on hedging activities

4,959

713

5,672

Currency translation adjustments

(671)

(80)

(751)

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

169

25

194

Net gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

(438)

(63)

(501)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

4,019

595

4,614

Adjustment to limited partners’ interest from change in ownership in the Operating Partnership

 

3,736

 

(3,736)

 

Distributions to common stockholders and limited partners, excluding Operating Partnership preferred interests

 

(590,434)

 

(85,163)

 

(675,597)

Distributions to other noncontrolling interest partners