Company Quick10K Filing
Surge Components
Price1.75 EPS0
Shares5 P/E6
MCap9 P/FCF25
Net Debt-3 EBIT2
TEV7 TEV/EBIT4
TTM 2019-05-31, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-05-31 Filed 2020-07-15
10-Q 2020-02-29 Filed 2020-04-14
10-K 2019-11-30 Filed 2020-02-28
10-Q 2019-08-31 Filed 2019-10-15
10-Q 2019-05-31 Filed 2019-07-15
10-Q 2019-02-28 Filed 2019-04-15
10-K 2018-11-30 Filed 2019-02-28
10-Q 2018-08-31 Filed 2018-10-09
10-Q 2018-05-31 Filed 2018-07-16
10-Q 2018-02-28 Filed 2018-04-16
10-K 2017-11-30 Filed 2018-02-28
10-Q 2017-08-31 Filed 2017-10-16
10-Q 2017-05-31 Filed 2017-07-17
10-Q 2017-02-28 Filed 2017-04-14
10-K 2016-11-30 Filed 2017-02-28
10-Q 2016-08-31 Filed 2016-09-26
10-Q 2016-05-31 Filed 2016-07-15
10-Q 2016-02-29 Filed 2016-04-14
10-K 2015-11-30 Filed 2016-02-26
10-Q 2015-08-31 Filed 2015-10-09
10-Q 2015-05-31 Filed 2015-07-15
10-Q 2015-02-28 Filed 2015-04-14
10-K 2014-11-30 Filed 2015-02-27
10-Q 2014-08-31 Filed 2014-10-10
10-Q 2014-05-31 Filed 2014-07-15
10-Q 2014-02-28 Filed 2014-04-14
10-K 2013-11-30 Filed 2014-02-28
10-Q 2013-08-31 Filed 2013-10-15
10-Q 2013-02-28 Filed 2013-04-12
10-K 2012-11-30 Filed 2013-02-28
10-Q 2012-08-31 Filed 2012-10-12
10-Q 2012-05-31 Filed 2012-07-13
10-Q 2012-02-29 Filed 2012-04-13
10-K 2011-11-30 Filed 2012-02-28
10-Q 2011-05-31 Filed 2011-07-14
10-Q 2011-02-28 Filed 2011-04-14
8-K 2019-11-26
8-K 2019-04-15
8-K 2019-02-05
8-K 2018-08-16
8-K 2018-02-22

SPRS 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 f10q0520ex31-1_surge.htm
EX-32.1 f10q0520ex32-1_surge.htm

Surge Components Earnings 2020-05-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
2016128402012201420172020
Assets, Equity
10.07.85.63.41.2-1.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
1.2-1.0-3.3-5.5-7.8-10.02012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 f10q0520_surgecomponents.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

  

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

☒  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended May 31, 2020

 

☐  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______ to _______

 

Commission File No. 000-27688

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   11-2602030
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     

95 East Jefryn Boulevard

Deer Park, New York

  11729
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(631) 595-1818
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer    Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

The registrant’s common stock outstanding as of July 13, 2020, was 5,437,526 shares of common stock. The registrant’s common stock trades on the OTC Markets under the stock symbol “SPRS.”

 

 

 

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of  May 31, 2020 (unaudited) and November 30, 2019 1
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the six and three months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 (unaudited) 3
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended May 31,2020  and May 31, 2019 (unaudited) 4
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)  6
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 20
   
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 24
   
Item 4. Controls and Procedures  24
   
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 25
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 25
   
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 25
   
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 25
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 25
   
Item 5. Other Information 25
   
Item 6. Exhibits 26
   
SIGNATURES 27

 

i

 

  

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

  

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   May 31,   November 30, 
   2020   2019 
   (unaudited)     
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash  $4,082,753   $2,739,305 
Accounts receivable - net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $132,221 and $132,221   4,606,164    5,129,792 
Inventory, net   3,873,970    3,593,231 
Prepaid expenses and income taxes   458,105    486,940 
           
Total current assets   13,020,992    11,949,268 
           
Fixed assets – net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $2,324,629 and $2,305,724   119,843    120,752 
Operating Lease Right of Use Asset   147,779    - 
Deferred income taxes   907,894    1,185,740 
Other assets   22,607    22,607 
           
Total assets  $14,219,115   $13,278,367 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

1

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Continued)

 

   May 31,   November 30, 
   2020   2019 
   (unaudited)     
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable  $3,821,882   $3,344,182 
Operating lease liabilities   154,788    - 
Financing lease payable, current maturities   7,444    7,782 
Accrued expenses and taxes   503,449    581,201 
Accrued salaries   431,190    506,663 
           
Total current liabilities   4,918,753    4,439,828 
Financing lease payable, net of current maturities   13,640    17,102 
Note payable to bank   449,700    - 
Deferred rent   -    12,998 
           
Total liabilities   5,382,093    4,469,928 
           
Commitments and contingencies          
           
Shareholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock - $.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized:          
Series C–100,000 shares authorized, 10,000 and 10,000 shares issued and outstanding, redeemable,  convertible, and a liquidation preference of $5 per share   10    10 
Series D – 75,000 shares authorized, none issued or outstanding, voting, convertible, redeemable.          
Common stock - $.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 5,362,526 and 5,320,026 shares issued and outstanding   5,362    5,319 
Additional paid-in capital   16,883,357    16,666,465 
Accumulated deficit   (8,051,707)   (7,863,355)
           
Total shareholders’ equity   8,837,022    8,808,439 
           
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity  $14,219,115   $13,278,367 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended
May 31,
   Three Months Ended
May 31,
 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Net sales  $13,436,189   $16,872,094   $6,647,051   $8,464,752 
                     
Cost of goods sold   9,507,819    12,078,746    4,604,457    5,994,964 
                     
Gross profit   3,928,370    4,793,348    2,042,594    2,469,788 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
Selling and shipping expenses   1,230,971    1,294,235    574,133    651,339 
General and administrative expenses   2,514,873    2,371,387    1,325,633    1,284,350 
Depreciation and amortization   18,905    19,252    9,541    9,674 
                     
Total operating expenses   3,764,749    3,684,874    1,909,307    1,945,363 
                     
Income before other income (expense) and income taxes   163,621    1,108,474    133,287    524,425 
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Other income   20,978    3    20,460    2 
Interest expense   (1,089)   (1,427)   (522)   (694)
                     
Other income (expense)   19,889    (1,424)   19,938    (692)
                     
Income before income taxes   183,510    1,107,050    153,225    523,733 
                     
Income taxes (benefit)   369,362    (48,379)   75,275    62,101 
                     
Net (loss) income   (185,852)   1,155,429    77,950    461,632 
Dividends on preferred stock   2,500    2,500    -    - 
                     
Net (loss) income available to common shareholders  $(188,352)  $1,152,929   $77,950   $461,632 
                     
Net (loss)income per share available to common shareholders:                    
                     
Basic  $(.04)  $.22   $.02   $.09 
Diluted  $(.04)  $.21   $.01   $.09 
                     
Weighted Shares Outstanding:                    
                     
Basic   5,329,917    5,266,278    5,337,608    5,270,338 
Diluted   5,329,917    5,419,892    5,484,573    5,423,952 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements 

 

3

 

  

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended 
   May 31,   May 31, 
   2020   2019 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net (Loss) Income  $(185,852)  $1,155,429 
Adjustments to reconcile net (Loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   18,905    19,252 
Deferred income taxes   277,846    (62,313)
Allowance for doubtful accounts   -    66,525 
Stock Compensation   213,527    88,750 
           
CHANGES IN OPERATING ASSETS AND LIABILITIES:          
Accounts receivable   523,628    (47,409)
Inventory   (280,739)   (186,819)
Prepaid expenses and income taxes   28,835    (113,064)
Other assets   (2,581)   (9,223)
Accounts payable   477,700    44,667 
Deferred rent   -    (5,974)
Accrued expenses   (155,725)   (104,262)
           
NET CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES   915,544    845,559 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Acquisition of fixed assets   (17,996)   (7,222)
           
NET CASH FLOWS USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES  $(17,996)  $(7,222)

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Continued)

 

   Six Months Ended 
   May 31,   May 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
         
Proceeds from notes payable to bank  $449,700   $- 
Repayment of financing lease obligations   (3,800)   (5,273)
           
NET CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES   445,900    (5,273)
           
NET CHANGE IN CASH   1,343,448    833,064 
           
CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD   2,739,305    1,761,863 
           
CASH AT END OF PERIOD  $4,082,753   $2,594,927 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
           
Income taxes paid  $125,376   $97,100 
           
Interest paid  $1,089   $1,427 
           
NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Accrued dividends on preferred stock  $2,500   $2,500 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE A – ORGANIZATION, DESCRIPTION OF COMPANY’S BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Surge Components, Inc. (“Surge”) was incorporated in the State of New York and commenced operations on November 24, 1981 as an importer of electronic products, primarily capacitors and discrete semi-conductors selling to customers located principally throughout North America. On June 24, 1988, Surge formed Challenge/Surge Inc. (“Challenge”), a wholly-owned subsidiary to engage in the sale of electronic component products and sounding devices from established brand manufacturers to customers located principally throughout North America.

 

In May 2002, Surge and an officer of Surge founded and became sole owners of Surge Components, Limited (“Surge Limited”), a Hong Kong corporation. Under current Hong Kong law, Surge Limited is required to have at least two shareholders. Surge owns 999 shares of the outstanding common stock and the officer of Surge owns 1 share of the outstanding common stock. The officer of Surge has assigned his rights regarding his 1 share to Surge. Surge Limited started doing business in July 2002. Surge Limited operations have been consolidated with the Company. Surge Limited is responsible for the sale of Surge’s products to customers located in Asia.

 

On August 31, 2010, the Company changed its corporate domicile by merging into a newly-formed corporation, Surge Components, Inc. (Nevada), which was formed in the State of Nevada for that purpose. Surge Components Inc. is the surviving entity.

 

In February 2019, the Company converted into a Delaware corporation. The number of authorized shares of common stock was decreased to 50,000,000 shares.

 

NOTE B – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

(1) Principles of Consolidation:

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Surge, Challenge, and Surge Limited (collectively the “Company”). All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared without audit, in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q for interim financial reporting and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

The results and trends in these interim consolidated financial statements for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 may not be representative of those for the full fiscal year or any future periods.

 

(2) Accounts Receivable:

 

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the net invoice value and are not interest bearing. The Company considers receivables past due based on the payment terms. The Company reviews its exposure to amounts receivable and reserves specific amounts if collectability is no longer reasonably assured. The Company also reserves a percentage of its trade receivable balance based on collection history and current economic trends that might impact the level of future credit losses. The Company re-evaluates such reserves on a regular basis and adjusts its reserves as needed. Based on the Company’s operating history and customer base, bad debts to date have not been material.

 

(3) Revenue Recognition:

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Topic 606.” This ASU replaces nearly all existing U.S. generally accepted accounting principles guidance on revenue recognition. The standard prescribes a five-step model for recognizing revenue, the application of which will require significant judgment by the Company. The Company adopted the standard using the modified retrospective approach in its fiscal year beginning December 1, 2017. The preponderance of the Company’s contracts with customers are standard ship and bill arrangements where revenue is recognized at the time of shipment.

 

Revenue is recognized for products sold by the Company when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the price is fixed and determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and title and risk of loss have been transferred to the customer. This occurs when product is shipped from the Company’s warehouse. 

 

6

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE B – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(3) Revenue Recognition (continued):

 

For direct shipments, revenue is recognized when product is shipped from the Company’s supplier. The Company has a long term supply agreement with one of our suppliers. The Company purchases the merchandise from the supplier and has the supplier directly ship to the customer through a freight forwarder. Title passes to customer upon the merchandise being received by a freight forwarder. Direct shipments were approximately $993,000 and $702,000 for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 respectively.

 

The Company also acts as a sales agent to certain customers in North America for one of its suppliers. The Company reports these commissions as revenues in the period earned. Commission revenue totaled $199,054 and $211,167 for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 respectively.

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and maintains reserves for potential credit losses.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries currently have agreements with several distributors. There are no provisions for the granting of price concessions in any of the agreements. Revenues under these distribution agreements were approximately $2,773,000 and $3,438,000 for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 respectively.

 

(4) Inventories:

 

Inventories, which consist solely of products held for resale, are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or net realizable value. Products are included in inventory when the Company obtains title and risk of loss on the products, primarily when shipped from the supplier. Inventory in transit principally from foreign suppliers at May 31, 2020 was $868,206. The Company, at May 31, 2020 has a reserve against slow moving and obsolete inventory of $250,565. From time to time the Company’s products are subject to legislation from various authorities on environmental matters.

 

(5) Depreciation and Amortization:

 

Fixed assets are recorded at cost. Depreciation is generally calculated on a straight line method and amortization of leasehold improvements is provided for on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the various assets as follows:

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 5 - 7 years
Computer equipment 5 years
Leasehold Improvements Estimated useful life or lease term, whichever is shorter

 

Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred while renewals and betterments are capitalized.

 

7

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

  

NOTE B – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(6) Concentration of Credit Risk:

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of accounts receivable.  The Company maintains substantially all of its cash balances in a limited number of financial institutions. At May 31, 2020 and November 30, 2019, the Company’s uninsured cash balances totaled $3,518,257 and $2,174,808, respectively.

 

(7) Income Taxes:

 

The Company’s deferred income taxes arise primarily from the differences in the recording of net operating losses, allowances for bad debts, inventory reserves and depreciation expense for financial reporting and income tax purposes. A valuation allowance is provided when it has been determined to be more likely than not that the likelihood of the realization of deferred tax assets will not be realized. See Note J.

 

The Company follows the provisions of the Accounting Standards Codification topic, ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (ASC 740). There have been no unrecognized tax benefits and, accordingly, there has been no effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations as a result of ASC 740.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal tax examinations for years before fiscal years ending November 30, 2015, and state tax examinations for years before fiscal years ending November 30, 2014. Management does not believe there will be any material changes in our unrecognized tax positions over the next twelve months.

 

The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. As of the date of adoption of ASC 740, there was no accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized benefits, nor was any interest expense recognized during the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019. 

 

(8) Cash Equivalents:

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

8

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE B – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(9) Use of Estimates:

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

(10) Marketing and promotional costs:

 

Marketing and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and have not been material to date. The Company has contractual arrangements with several of its distributors which provide for cooperative advertising rights to the distributor as a percentage of sales. Cooperative advertising is reflected as a reduction in revenues and has not been material to date.

 

(11) Fair Value of Financial Instruments:

 

The carrying amount of cash balances, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair value based on the nature of those items. Estimated fair values of financial instruments are determined using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is required to interpret the market data used to develop the estimates of fair value, and accordingly, the estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current market exchange.

 

(12) Shipping Costs

 

The Company classifies shipping costs as a component of selling expenses. Shipping costs totaled $1,564 and $3,781 for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 respectively.

 

(13) Earnings Per Share

 

Basic earnings per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing net (loss) income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In the period with a profit, the difference between reported basic and diluted weighted-average common shares results from the assumption that all dilutive stock options and convertible preferred stock exercised into common stock. Total potentially dilutive shares excluded from diluted weighted shares outstanding at May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 totaled 432,000 and 118,386, respectively.

 

9

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE B – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(14) Stock Based Compensation

 

Stock Based Compensation to Employees

 

The Company accounts for its stock-based compensation for employees in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718.  The Company recognizes in the statement of operations the grant-date fair value of stock options and other equity-based compensation issued to employees and non-employees over the related vesting period.

 

Stock Based Compensation to Other than Employees

 

The Company accounts for equity instruments issued in exchange for the receipt of goods or services from other than employees in accordance with ASC 718. Costs are measured at the estimated fair market value of the consideration received or the estimated fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably determinable. The value of equity instruments issued for consideration other than employee services is determined on the earlier of a performance commitment or completion of performance by the provider of goods or services. In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is recognized over the term of the consulting agreement.

 

(15) Leases

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("Topic 842"). Topic 842 requires the entity to recognize the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by leased assets. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting expense recognition in the income statement.

 

On December 1, 2019, the Company adopted Topic 842 applying the optional transition method, which allows an entity to apply the new standard at the adoption date with a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. As a result of adopting Topic 842, the Company recognized assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by operating leases totaling approximately $290,000.

 

The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception based on whether it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset. Substantially all of the Company's leases are classified as operating leases. The Company records operating lease right-of-use assets within “Other assets” and lease liabilities are recorded within “current and noncurrent liabilities” in the consolidated balance sheets. Lease expenses are recorded within “General and administrative expenses” in the consolidated statements of operations. Operating lease payments are presented within “Operating cash flows” in the consolidated statements of cash flows.

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized based on the net present value of future minimum lease payments over the lease term starting on the commencement date. The Company generally is not able to determine the rate implicit in its leases and, as such, applies an incremental borrowing rate based on the Company's cost of borrowing for the relevant terms of each lease. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Lease terms may include an option to extend or terminate a lease if it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options. The Company has elected the practical expedient to not separate lease components from non-lease components, and also has elected not to record a right-of-use asset or lease liability for leases which, at inception, have a term of twelve months or less. Variable lease payments are recognized in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE C – FIXED ASSETS

 

Fixed assets consist of the following:

 

   May 31,   November 30, 
   2020   2019 
         
Furniture and Fixtures  $327,971   $327,971 
Leasehold Improvements   1,022,556    1,022,556 
Computer Equipment   1,093,945    1,075,949 
Less-Accumulated Depreciation   (2,324,629)   (2,305,724)
Net Fixed Assets  $119,843   $120,752 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 was $18,905 and $19,252, respectively.

 

NOTE D – FINANCING LEASE OBLIGATIONS

 

The Company is obligated under financing leases for telephone equipment. The Company leases equipment under two capital lease arrangements with NEC Financial Services. Pursuant to the leases, the lessor retains actual title to the leased property until the termination of the lease, at which time the equipment can be purchased for one dollar for each lease. The terms of the leases are 60 months with a combined monthly payment of $815, respectively. The assumed interest rates on the leases are 9.342%. The leases terminate in 2022.

 

Future minimum lease payments under these financing lease obligations as of May 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

2020  $9,779 
2021  $9,779 
2022  $4,261 
      
Total  $23,819 
Less: interest portion   2,735 
Present value of net minimum lease payments  $21,084 
Less: current portion   7,444 
Non-current portion  $13,640 

 

Financing lease obligations mature as follows:    
     
Twelve Months Ended May 31:    
     
2020  $7,444 
2021  $9,657 
2022  $3,983 
      
Principal payments remaining  $21,084 

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE E – LOANS PAYABLE

 

In February 2017, the Company obtained a line of credit with a bank for up to $3,000,000 (the “Credit Line”). Borrowings under the Credit Line are due upon demand and accrue interest at the greater of the prime rate or the LIBOR rate plus two percent (and may be increased by three percent in the event the Company fails to (i) repay all amounts due on the Credit Line upon demand or (ii) comply with any terms or conditions relating to the Credit Line). The Credit Line is collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the Company. As of May 31, 2020, the balance on the Credit Line was $0. As of May 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with the debt covenants under the Credit Line.

 

The Company in May 2020 received loan proceeds in the amount of approximately $449,700 under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”).  The PPP, established as part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), provides for loans to qualifying businesses for amounts up to 2.5 times of the average monthly payroll expenses of the qualifying business. The loans and accrued interest are forgivable after twenty-four weeks as long as the borrower uses the loan proceeds for eligible purposes, including payroll, benefits, rent and utilities, and maintains its payroll levels. The amount of loan forgiveness will be reduced if the borrower terminates employees or reduces salaries during the period.

 

The unforgiven portion of the PPP loan is payable over two years at an interest rate of 1%, with a deferral of payments for the first six months.  The Company intends to use the proceeds for purposes consistent with the PPP. While the Company currently believes that its use of the loan proceeds will meet the conditions for forgiveness of the loan, we cannot assure you that we will not take actions that could cause the Company to be ineligible for forgiveness of the loan, in whole or in part.

 

NOTE F – ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consist of the following:

 

   May 31,   November 30, 
   2020   2019 
         
Commissions  $218,487   $233,784 
Preferred stock dividends   149,069    146,569 
Other accrued expenses   135,893    200,848 
           
   $503,449   $581,201 

 

NOTE G – RETIREMENT PLAN

 

In June 1997, the Company adopted a qualified 401(k) retirement plan for all full-time employees who are twenty-one years of age and have completed twelve months of service. The plan allows total employee contributions of up to fifteen percent (15%) of the eligible employee’s salary through salary reduction. The Company makes a matching contribution of twenty percent (20%) of each employee’s contribution for each dollar of employee deferral up to five percent (5%) of the employee’s salary. Net assets for the plan, as estimated by Union Central, Inc., which maintains the plan’s records, were approximately $1,486,000 at November 30, 2019. Pension expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 was $558 and $1,196, respectively.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE H – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

[1] Preferred Stock:

 

In February 1996, the Company amended its Certificate of Incorporation to authorize the issuance of 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series. In August 2010, the number of preferred shares authorized for issuance was increased to 5,000,000 shares.

 

In November 2000, the Company authorized 100,000 shares of preferred stock as Non-Voting Redeemable Convertible Series C Preferred Stock (“Series C Preferred”). Each share of Series C Preferred is automatically convertible into 10 shares of our common stock upon shareholder approval. If the Series C Preferred were converted into common stock on or before April 15, 2001, these shares were entitled to cumulative dividends at the rate of $.50 per share per annum commencing April 15, 2001 payable on June 30 and December 31 of each year. In November 2000, 70,000 shares of the Series C Preferred were issued in payment of financial consulting services to its investment banker and a shareholder of the Company.

 

Between April 2001 and July 2015, 60,000 shares of the series C shares were repurchased or converted to common stock. Dividends aggregating $149,069 have not been paid for the semi-annual periods ended December 31, 2001 through the semi-annual payment due December 31, 2019. The Company has accrued these dividends. At May 31, 2020, there are 10,000 shares of Series C Preferred issued and outstanding.

 

In October 2016, the Company authorized 75,000 shares of preferred stock as Voting Non-Redeemable Convertible Series D Preferred Stock (“Series D Preferred”). None of the Series D Preferred Stock is outstanding as of May 31, 2020.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE H – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Continued)

 

[2] 2010 Incentive Stock Plan

 

In March 2010, the Company adopted, and in April 2010 the shareholders ratified, the 2010 Incentive Stock Plan (“2010 Stock Plan”). The 2010 Stock Plan provides for the grant of options to officers, employees, directors or consultants to the Company to purchase an aggregate of 1,500,000 common shares.

 

In March 2019, one employee director exercised options to acquire 25,000 shares of common stock at $0.87 per share.

 

[3] 2015 Incentive Stock Plan

 

In November 2015, the Company adopted and the shareholders ratified, the 2015 Incentive Stock Plan (“2015 Stock Plan”). The 2015 Stock Plan provides for the grant of options to officers, employees, directors or consultants to the Company to purchase an aggregate of 1,500,000 common shares.

 

In May 2016 a total of 99,151 shares were issued to the Company’s officers as part of their 2015 bonus compensation under the 2015 Stock Plan.

 

In May 2019, a total of 47,207 shares were issued to the Company’s officers as part of their 2018 bonus compensation under the 2015 Stock Plan.

 

In April 2020, the Company awarded one non-employee director 15,000 shares of its common stock under the 2015 Stock Plan. The Company recorded a cost of $21,150 related to the issuance of these shares.

 

In April 2020, a total of 27,500 shares were issued to one of the Company’s officers as part of their 2019 bonus compensation under the 2015 Stock Plan. The Company recorded a cost of $41,250 relating to the issuance of these shares.

 

In April 2020, the Company granted stock options to (a) four non-employee directors to each purchase 15,000 shares of common stock, (b) one non-employee-director to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock, and (c) two Company officers to each purchase 50,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.41 per share, the market price of the common stock on the date of the grant.  These options vest immediately and expire five years from the grant date. The Company recorded a cost of $154,534 related to the granting of these options.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE H – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Continued)

 

Activity in the Company’s stock plans for the period ended May 31, 2020 is summarized as follows:

 

       Weighted 
       Average 
   Shares   Exercise
Price
 
         
Options outstanding December 1, 2019   147,000   $1.01 
Options issued in the six months ended May 31, 2020   185,000   $1.41 
Options exercised in the six months ended May 31, 2020   -   $- 
Options cancelled in the six months ended May 31, 2020   -   $- 
Options outstanding at May 31, 2020   332,000   $1.22 
           
Options exercisable at May 31, 2020   332,000   $1.22 

 

The intrinsic value of the exercisable options at May 31, 2020 totaled $59,220. At May 31, 2020 the weighted average remaining life of the stock options is 2.9 years. At May 31, 2020 there was no unrecognized compensation cost related to the stock options granted under the plan.

 

[4] Compensation of Directors

 

Compensation for each non-employee director is $2,500 per month (and $3,500 per month for a non-employee director that serves as the chairman of more than two committees of the Board of Directors).

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE I – INCOME TAXES

 

Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes using the enacted tax rates in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse.

 

The Company’s deferred income taxes are comprised of the following:

 

   May 31,   November 30, 
   2020   2019 
Deferred Tax Assets        
Net operating loss  $1,483,462   $1,524,286 
Allowance for bad debts   27,121    27,121 
Inventory   60,746    60,746 
Other   68,518    65,353 
Depreciation   64,517    65,402 
Total deferred tax assets   1,704,364    1,742,908 
Valuation allowance   (796,470)   (557,168)
           
Deferred Tax Assets  $907,894   $1,185,740 

 

The valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets relates principally to the uncertainty of the utilization of deferred tax assets and was calculated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, which requires that a valuation allowance be established or maintained when it is “more likely than not” that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized. The valuation allowance increased by approximately $239,302 during the six months ended May 31, 2020. This valuation is based on management estimates of future taxable income. Although the degree of variability inherent in the estimates of future taxable income is significant and subject to change in the near term, management believes, that the estimate is adequate. The estimated valuation allowance is continually reviewed and as adjustments to the allowance become necessary, such adjustments are reflected in the current operations.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE I – INCOME TAXES (Continued)

 

The Company’s income tax expense consists of the following:

 

   Six Months Ended 
   May 31,
2020
   May 31,
2019
 
         
Current:        
Federal  $-   $- 
States   91,516    13,934 
           
    91,516    13,934 
Deferred:          
Federal   219,498    (49,227)
States   58,348    (13,086)
           
    277,846    (62,313)
           
Provision for income taxes  $369,362   $(48,379)

 

The Company files a consolidated income tax return with its wholly-owned subsidiaries and has net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $5,676,000 for federal and state purposes, which expire through 2020. A reconciliation of the difference between the expected income tax rate using the statutory federal tax rate and the Company’s effective rate is as follows: 

 

   Six Months ended 
   May 31,   May 31, 
   2020   2019 
U.S Federal Income tax statutory rate   21%   21%
Valuation allowance   175%   (33)%
State income taxes   5%   8%
Other   -    - 
Effective tax rate   201%   (4)%

 

17

 

 

SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE J – OPERATING LEASE COMMITMENTS

 

The Company leases its office and warehouse space through 2020 from a corporation that is controlled by officers/shareholders of the Company (“Related Company”). Annual minimum rental payments to the Related Company approximated $180,000 for the year ended November 30, 2019, and increase at the rate of three per cent per annum throughout the lease term.

 

Pursuant to the lease, rent expense charged to operations differs from rent paid because of scheduled rent increases. Accordingly, the Company has recorded deferred rent. Rent expense is calculated by allocating to rental payments, including those attributable to scheduled rent increases, on a straight line basis, over the lease term.

 

In June 2019, the Company renewed its lease to rent office space and a warehouse in Hong Kong for two years. Annual minimum rental payments for this space are approximately $68,460.

 

In January 2019, the Company entered into a lease to rent warehouse space in Hong Kong for two years. Annual minimum rental payments for this space are approximately $36,840.

 

The Company’s future minimum rental commitments at May 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

Twelve Months Ended May 31,

 

2021  $152,013 
2022  $5,705 
      
   $157,718 

 

Net rental expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 were $181,325 and $173,903 respectively, of which $133,437 and $131,612 respectively, was paid to the Related Company.

 

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SURGE COMPONENTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE K – EMPLOYMENT AND OTHER AGREEMENTS

 

In February 2016, the Company entered into revised employment agreements with two officers of the Company. Pursuant to these agreements, the base salary for one officer is $275,000 and the base salary for the other officer is $225,000. The agreements continue until terminated by either party.

 

The Company’s Compensation Committee may award these officers with bonuses and will review the base salary amounts for each of the officers on an annual basis to determine if any changes to the base salary amounts need to be made and may also award these officers with annual bonuses.  Pursuant to the employment agreements, the officers are prohibited from engaging in activities which are competitive with those of the Company during their employment with the Company and for one year following termination.  If the agreement is terminated other than for cause, the officer would be entitled to all base salary earned through the date of termination, accrued but unused vacation, all vested equity, and bonus amounts payable to the officer through the date of termination. The officers would also be entitled to receive an additional thirty-six months of annual compensation equal to the average of his base salary and bonus for the three calendar years prior to the date of termination, payable in accordance with the Company’s regular payroll practice over a 52-week period.

 

NOTE L – MAJOR CUSTOMERS

 

The Company had two customers who each accounted for 16% and 12% of net sales for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and two customers who accounted for 12% and 13% of net sales for the six months ended May 31, 2019. The Company had two customers who accounted for 18% and 11% of accounts receivable at May 31, 2020 two customers who accounted for 11% and 12% of accounts receivable at May 31, 2019.

 

NOTE M – MAJOR SUPPLIERS

 

During the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 there was one foreign supplier accounting for 40% and 40% of total inventory purchased.

 

The Company purchases substantially all of its products overseas. For the six months ended May 31, 2020, the Company purchased 45% of its products from Taiwan, 14% from Hong Kong, 34% from elsewhere in Asia and less than 1% overseas outside of Asia. The Company purchases the balance of its products in the United States.

 

NOTE N – EXPORT SALES

 

The Company’s export sales were as follows:

 

   Six Months Ended 
   May 31,   May 31, 
   2020   2019 
Canada   1,529,736    2,360,932 
China   2,472,615    2,804,193 
Other Asian Countries   448,001    1,055,605 
South America   138,110    247,230 
Europe   563,369    678,907 

 

Revenues are attributed to countries based on location of customer. 

 

NOTE O – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In early January 2020, an outbreak of a respiratory illness caused by the Coronavirus was identified in Wuhan, China. As part of its effort to combat the virus, the government of China has placed travel restrictions throughout parts of China. This has resulted in some of the Company’s customers and suppliers being closed for an extended period or operating at significantly below their normal capacity and will also affect our suppliers that source some of their materials from China. Conditions in China have improved. Some customers and suppliers are back to full operation but others are taking longer. The duration and intensity of this global health emergency and related disruptions is uncertain, although there has been some improvement globally, including Asia, America and Europe. The duration of this crisis and its impact on both the Company’s customers and supply chain is expected to have a material impact on the consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition, but cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. As an update, the unprecedented virus has grown significantly especially in America and has significantly impacted the Company’s customers. The Company has experienced order cancellations and order hold notices from customers and expects this to continue.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

This report contains forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained herein, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Furthermore, we cannot at this time assess the affect that the global outbreak of the novel Coronavirus may have on the Company.

 

In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar words. These statements are only predictions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. We discuss many of the risks in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of the filing of this report. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of the filing of this report.

 

Overview

 

The Company operates with two sales groups, Surge Components (“Surge”) and Challenge Electronics (“Challenge”). Surge is a supplier of electronic products and components. These products include capacitors, which are electrical energy storage devices, and discrete semiconductor components, such as rectifiers, transistors and diodes, which are single function low power semiconductor products that are packaged alone as compared to integrated circuits such as microprocessors. The products sold by Surge are typically utilized in the electronic circuitry of diverse products, including, but not limited to, automobiles, audio products, temperature control products, lighting products, energy related products, computer related products, various types of consumer products, garage door openers, household appliances, power supplies and security equipment. These products are sold to both original equipment manufacturers, commonly referred to as OEMs, who incorporate them into their products, and to distributors of the lines of products we sell, who resell these products within their customer base. These products are manufactured predominantly in Asia by approximately sixteen independent manufacturers. We act as the master distribution agent utilizing independent sales representative organizations in North America to sell and market the products for one such manufacturer pursuant to a written agreement. When we act as a sales agent, our supplier who sold the product to the customer that we introduced to our supplier pays us a commission. The amount of the commission is determined on a sale by sale basis depending on the profit margin of the product. Commission revenue totaled $199,054 and $211,167 for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 respectively.

 

Challenge is engaged in the sale of electronic components. In 1999, Challenge began as a division to sell audible components. We have been able to increase the types of products that we sell because some of our suppliers introduced new products, and we also located other products from new suppliers. Our core products include buzzers, speakers, microphones, resonators, alarms, chimes, filters, and discriminators. We now also work with our suppliers to have our suppliers customize many of the products we sell for many customers through the customers’ own designs and those that we work with our suppliers to have our suppliers redesign for them at our suppliers’ factories. We have an engineer on our staff who works with our suppliers on such redesigns and assists with the introduction of new product lines. We are continually looking to expand the line of products that we sell. We sell these products through independent representatives that earn a commission on the products we sell. We are also working with local, regional, and national distributors to sell these products to local accounts in every state.  

 

The Company has a Hong Kong office to effectively handle the transfer business from United States customers purchasing and manufacturing in Asia after designing the products in the United States. This office has strengthened the Company’s global position, improving our capabilities and service to our customer base.

 

20

 

 

The world of business is constantly changing because of “disruptors,” which are significant changes in traditional business practices that did not previously exist.  For example, customers continue to centralize purchasing from regional purchasing and are stretching their payment terms.  These changes also include customers moving their manufacturing operations from North America to Asia, and the trend of globalization. Some of our customers have been involved in mergers and acquisitions, causing consolidation. This trend makes business more complicated and costly for the Company. The Company must have a presence in Asia to service and further develop the business. For these reasons, we established Surge Ltd., our Asia subsidiary. Currency fluctuations may also have an effect on doing business outside of North America. Customers have moved to reduce their supply chain, which could adversely affect the Company. In some market segments, demand for electronic components have decreased, and in other segments, the demand is still strong. Some technologies have become obsolete, while customers develop new products using different kinds of components.  Management expects 2020 to be a year of change and challenge. These challenges could affect the Company in negative ways, possibly reducing sales and or profitability. In order for the Company to grow, we will depend on, among other things, the continued growth of the electronics and semiconductor industries, our ability to withstand intense price competition, our ability to obtain new customers, our ability to retain and attract sales and other key personnel in order to expand our marketing capabilities, our ability to secure adequate sources of products, which are in demand on commercially reasonable terms, our success in executing and managing growth,  including monitoring  an expanded level of operations  and systems, controlling costs, the availability of adequate financing, and our ability to deal successfully, with new and future disruptors. The global economic slowdown is strongly impacted by the tariffs which are negatively impacting the growth of our customers and many of the manufacturing companies in China. However, at this time some of the Company’s products have become excluded from tariffs and so the Company has not yet experienced a material adverse effect from the tariffs.

 

The Coronavirus is impacting all of Asia, America and Europe and Surge Components seriously. Some of our customers and suppliers who had shut down or slowed operations are back to normal but others are taking longer. We are hopeful that things will return to normal as soon as possible. We are doing everything we can to keep customers production running and to keep things as smooth and stable as possible. We do expect that this could have a negative impact on our sales until production is fully running. Our customers in China and elsewhere have reduced their future purchases from us and will continue to reduce, if they are not able to complete the manufacturing of their products due to the shortage of components from other suppliers. The Company has also experienced order cancellations and order hold notices from customers and we expect this to continue. The duration of this crisis and its impact on both the Company’s customers and supply chain had had a negative impact on the period ending May 31, 2020. The Company showed a decline in revenue of 20% for the six months ending May 31, 2020 and 22% for the second quarter. We expect the virus to continue to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results for the balance of Fiscal 2020.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Accounts Receivable

 

The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the Company’s assessment of the collectability of specific customer accounts and an assessment of international, political and economic risk as well as the aging of the accounts receivable. If there is a change in actual defaults from the Company’s historical experience, the Company’s estimates of recoverability of amounts due could be affected and the Company would adjust the allowance accordingly.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the price is fixed and determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and title and risk of loss have been transferred to the customer. This occurs when product is shipped from the Company’s warehouse. For direct shipments from our suppliers to our customer, revenue is recognized when product is shipped from the Company’s supplier. The Company acts as a sales agent for certain customers buying direct from one of its suppliers. The Company reports these commissions as revenues in the period earned.

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and maintains reserves for potential credit losses.

 

Inventory Valuation

 

Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Write-downs of inventories to net realizable value are based on stock rotation, historical sales requirements and obsolescence as well as in the changes in the backlog. Reserves required for obsolescence were not material in any of the periods in the financial statements presented. If market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional write-downs of inventories could be required. For example, each additional 1% of obsolete inventory would reduce operating income by approximately $41,000.

 

The Company does not have price protection agreements with any of its vendors and assumes the risk of changes in the prices of its products. The Company does not believe there to be a significant risk with regards to the lack of price protection agreements as many of its inventory items are purchased to fulfill purchase orders received.

 

Income Taxes

 

We have made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of a deferred income tax asset to prepare our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. These estimates have a significant impact on our valuation allowance relating to deferred income taxes. Our estimates could materially impact the financial statements.

 

21

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Consolidated net sales for the six months ended May 31, 2020 decreased by $3,435,905 or 20.4%, to $13,436,189 as compared to net sales of $16,872,094 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Consolidated net sales for the three months ended May 31, 2020 decreased by $1,817,701 or 21.5%, to $6,647,051 as compared to net sales of $8,464,752 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. We attribute the decrease to a decrease in business with new customers as well as a decrease in additional business with existing customers. We also attribute the decline in sales to the impact of the virus in China, This has had an impact on the Company’s sales in that we did not receive enough inventory from our suppliers to cover customer orders as well as the fact that our customers were not getting enough inventory from their other suppliers to complete their manufacturing and put some of our orders on hold. Net sales for the six months ended May 31, 2020 and May 31, 2019 reflect $595,733 and $686,000, respectively of tariff costs that the Company was able to pass on to its customers.

 

Our gross profit for the six months ended May 31, 2020 decreased by $864,978 to $3,928,370, or 18%, as compared to $4,793,348 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales increased to 29.2% for the six months ended May 31, 2020 compared to 28.4% for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Gross profit for the three months ended May 31, 2020 decreased by $427,194 to $2,042,594, or 17.3%, as compared to $2,469,788 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales increased to 30.7% for the three months ended May 31, 2020 compared to 29.2% for the three months ended May 31, 2019. The increase in gross profit can be attributed to the Company selling products at higher margins. Our industry will continue to receive pressure from customers for price reductions. Some of them further demand periodic price reductions on a quarterly or semi-annual basis, as opposed to annual fixed pricing. We work with electronic manufacturing service subcontractor customers who manufacture products for other customers who do not have their own manufacturing operations. At times we are not able to recover these price reductions from our suppliers. The Company has agreements with these subcontractor customers to provide periodic cost reductions through rebates in the amount of 5%. These reductions only affect future shipments of our products, and do not affect existing orders. These reductions can have a negative impact on our profit margins since they reduce the amount of commissions we can earn. Even though this rebate can impact the Company’s gross profit margin, these subcontractor customers represent very significant potential growth for the Company, because they can help the Company become an approved supplier at the customers they manufacture for, and they purchase our components for these customers. We believe it would be very difficult for the Company to achieve business at these customers without the help of these subcontractor customers. During the six months ended May 31, 2020, the Company was impacted by tariff costs on certain products imported from China, which went into effect as of July 6, 2018. The Company has been able to pass along a portion of these costs to its customers. The Company is also moving some customer deliveries directly to Hong Kong in order to mitigate some of these costs.

 

Selling and shipping expenses for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $1,230,971, a decrease of $63,264, or 4.9% as compared to $1,294,235 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Selling and shipping expenses for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $574,133, a decrease of $77,206, or 11.9%, as compared to $651,339 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. We attribute the decrease to decreases in selling expenses such as commission expense, travel expenses and entertainment expenses, and auto expenses offset by increases in salesman payroll, due to the hiring of a new salesperson and freight out expenses.

 

General and administrative expenses for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $2,514,873, an increase of $143,486, or 6.1%, as compared to $2,371,387 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. General and administrative expenses for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $1,325,633, an increase of $41,283, or 3.2%, as compared to $1,284,350 for the three months ended May 31, 2019.The increase is due primarily to increases in salaries and related payroll tax expenses, rent expenses, general insurance, and bank charges as well as directors fees and public company expenses, as partially offset by decreases in utilities, warehouse expenses, as well as maintenance expenses, temporary help expenses, bad debt and computer expenses.

 

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Depreciation expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $18,905, a decrease of $347, or 1.8%, as compared to $19,252 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Depreciation expense for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $9,541, a decrease of $133, or 1.4%, as compared to $9,674 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. The decrease is due the company purchasing less equipment during the six months ended May 31, 2020.

 

Other income for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $20,978, an increase of $20,975 compared to $3 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Other income for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $20,460, an increase of $20,458 compared to $2 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. We attribute the increase to Company receiving $20,000 for Covid-19 relief from the SBA as well as an increase in the cash balances for the six months ended May 31, 2020.

 

Interest expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $1,089, a decrease of $338, or 23.7% compared to $1,427 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Interest expense for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $522, a decrease of $172, or 24.8% compared to $694 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. We attribute the decrease to the Company not utilizing the line of credit during the six months ended May 31, 2020.

 

Tax expense for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $369,362 an increase $417,741 as compared to a tax benefit of $48,379 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. Tax expense for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $75,275 an increase $13,174 as compared to a tax expense of $62,101 for the three months ended May 31, 2019. The changes result from our net (loss) income for such periods and management’s revised estimate of future taxable income and the related impact on the reported deferred tax. The change in the valuation allowance is based on management estimates of future taxable income. The degree of variability inherent in the estimates of future taxable income is significant and subject to change in the near term. The Company reviews its estimates of future taxable income in each reporting period and adjustments to the valuation allowance are reflected in the current operations.

 

As a result of the foregoing, net loss for the six months ended May 31, 2020 was $(185,852), compared to a net income of $1,155,429 for the six months ended May 31, 2019.  As a result of the foregoing, net income for the three months ended May 31, 2020 was $77,950, compared to a net income of $461,632 for the three months ended May 31, 2019.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of May 31, 2020 we had cash of $4,082,753, and working capital of $8,102,239. We believe that our working capital levels are adequate to meet our operating requirements during the next twelve months. The Company is exploring and evaluating opportunities for growth and expansion using the Company’s cash resources.

 

During the six months ended May 31, 2020, we had net cash flow provided by operating activities of $915,544, as compared to net cash flow provided by operating activities of $845,559 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. The increase in cash flow from operating activities resulted from increases in cash flows provided by accounts receivable, accounts payable and prepaid expenses as partially offset by net loss, and decreases in inventory and accrued expenses.

 

We had net cash flow used in investing activities of $(17,996) for the six months ended May 31, 2020, as compared to net cash flow used in investing activities of $(7,222) for the six months ended May 31, 2019.  We attribute the change to the Company purchasing more equipment during the six months ended May 31, 2020.

 

We had net cash flow provided by financing activities of $445,900 during the six months ended May 31, 2020 as compared to $(5,273) used in financing activities for the six months ended May 31, 2019. We attribute the increase to the funding received from the bank related to the Paycheck Protection Program during the six months ended May 31, 2020.

 

As a result of the foregoing, the Company had a net increase in cash of $1,343,448 for the six months ended May 31, 2020, as compared to a net increase in cash of $833,064 for the six months ended May 31, 2019. 

 

The table below sets forth our contractual obligations, including long-term debt, operating leases and other long-term obligations, as of May 31, 2020:

 

       Payments due         
       0 – 12   13 – 36   37 – 60   More than 
Contractual Obligations  Total   Months   Months   Months   60 Months 
                     
Financing Lease Obligations  $21,084   $7,444   $13,640   $         -   $   - 
Operating Right of Use Leases  $157,749    152,043    5,706    -    - 
                          
Total obligations  $178,833   $159,487   $19,346   $-   $- 

 

Inflation

 

In the past two fiscal years, inflation has not had a significant impact on our business. However, any significant increase in inflation and interest rates could have a significant effect on the economy in general and, thereby, could affect our future operating results.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements.

  

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company maintains controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”). Ira Levy, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) as of May 31, 2020 and has concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

During the three months ended May 31, 2020 there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

There are no legal proceedings to which the Company or any of its property is the subject.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

None. 

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit Number   Description
     
4.1   Rights Agreement dated as of October 7, 2016 between Surge Components, Inc., as the Company, and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as Rights Agent, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Current Report on Form 8-K filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 7, 2016.
     
4.2   Amendment to the Rights Agreement dated as of October 6, 2019 between Surge Components, Inc., as the Company, and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as Rights Agent filed with Form 10-Q on October 15, 2019.
     
31.1   Certification by principal executive officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32.1   Certification by principal executive officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     

101.INS

  XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  SURGE COMPONENTS, INC.
     
Date: July 15, 2020 By: /s/ Ira Levy
  Name:  Ira Levy
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer,
Principal Financial Officer and
Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

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