Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Sunrise Real Estate Group
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-01-28 Other Events
8-K 2018-10-29 Control, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Officers
REN Resolute Energy 801
CHCR Advanzeon 20
BIIO Bionovate Technologies 15
SOFO Sonic Foundry 8
PL Protective Life 0
WEWA Wewards 0
BHAC Barington/Hilco Acquisition 0
CHPII CNL Healthcare Properties II 0
HDHC High Desert Holding 0
STQN Strategic Acquisitions 0
SRRE 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Property
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks
Item 8. Financial Statementsand Supplementary Data
Note 1 - Organization and Description of Business
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3 - Restricted Cash
Note 4 - Transactional Financial Assets
Note 5 - Promissory Deposits
Note 6 - Real Estate Property Under Development
Note 7 - Other Receivables and Deposits
Note 8 - Property and Equipment, Net
Note 9 - Investment Properties, Net
Note 10 - Investments in and Amount Due From Unconsolidated Affiliates
Note 11 - Other Investments, Net
Note 12 - Promissory Notes Payable
Note 13 - Amounts Due To Directors
Note 14 - Accounts Payable
Note 15 - Customer Deposits
Note 16 - Amount Due To Affiliates
Note 17 - Other Payables and Accrued Expenses
Note 18 - Income Taxes Payable
Note 19- Deferred Government Subsidy
Note 20- Statutory Reserve
Note 21- Commitments and Contingencies
Note 22- Segment Information
Note 23 - Subsequent Events
Item 9 Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance; Compliance with Section 16(A) of The Exchange Act
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
EX-31.1 tv525182_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 tv525182_ex31-2.htm
EX-32.1 tv525182_ex32-1.htm
EX-32.2 tv525182_ex32-2.htm

Sunrise Real Estate Group Earnings 2018-12-31

SRRE 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 tv525182_10k.htm FORM 10-K

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2018

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 000-32585

 

SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC.

(Name of Small Business Issuer in its Charter)

 

Texas 6500 75-2713701
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(Primary Standard Industrial Classification
Code Number)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

No. 638, Hengfeng Road, 5A11 Floor, Building A

Shanghai, PRC 200070

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

 

Issuer's telephone number: + 86-21-6139-8018

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share SRRE N/A

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock, $0.01 par value

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No þ

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act of 1934. Yes ¨ No þ

 

Check whether the issuer (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ¨  No þ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). 

Yes ¨  No þ

 

Indicate by check mark if there is no disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this Chapter) is not contained in this form, and no disclosure will be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer¨   Accelerated filer¨  
  Non-accelerated filerþ   Smaller reporting companyþ  
  Emerging growth company ¨      

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ¨

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act): Yes ¨ No þ

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates 15,334,803 shares was approximately $153,348, based on the average opening and closing price of $0.22 for the Common Stock on June 29, 2018.

 

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer's Common Stock, $0.01 par value, as of August 23, 2019 was 68,691,925 shares.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I    
Item 1. Business 2
Item 1A. Risk Factors 8
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 17
Item 2. Property 18
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 18
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 18
PART II    
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 18
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 18
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition, and Results of Operations 18
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks 26
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 27
Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 51
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 51
Item 9B. Other Information 52
PART III    
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 53
Item 11. Executive Compensation 57
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 58
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence 58
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 59
PART IV    
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 60

 

 1 

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Corporate History

 

The principal activities of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. (“SRRE”) and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Company”) are real estate development and property brokerage services, including real estate marketing services, property leasing services; and property management services in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”). Our current ownership interests in our various subsidiaries and other entities are set forth in the below organizational chart below.

 

Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc. (“CY-SRRE”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of SRRE, was established in the Cayman Islands on April 30, 2004 as a limited liability company. Shanghai Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SHXJY”) was established in the PRC on August 20, 2001 as a limited liability company. SHXJY was originally owned by a Taiwanese company, the principal and controlling shareholder of which was Lin Chi-Jung. On June 8, 2004, all the fully paid up capital of SHXJY was transferred to CY-SRRE. On June 25, 2004, SHXJY and two individuals established a subsidiary, namely, Suzhou Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZXJY”) in the PRC and SHXJY held a 90% equity interest in SZXJY at the time.

 

On August 9, 2005, SHXJY sold a 10% equity interest in SZXJY to a company owned by a director of SZXJY, and transferred a 5% equity interest in SZXJY to CY-SRRE. Following the sale and transfer, CY-SRRE effectively held an 80% equity interest in SZXJY. On November 24, 2006, CY-SRRE, SHXJY, a director of SZXJY and a third party established a subsidiary, namely, Suzhou Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZSY”) in the PRC, with CY-SRRE holding a 12.5% equity interest, SHXJY holding a 26% equity interest and the director of SZXJY holding a 12.5% equity interest in SZSY. At the date of incorporation, SRRE and the director of SZXJY entered into a voting agreement that provided that SRRE is entitled to exercise the voting right in respect of his 12.5% equity interest in SZSY. As a result of the voting agreement, SRRE effectively holds 51% of the voting power of SZSY. On September 24, 2007, CY-SRRE sold a 5% equity interest in SZXJY to a company owned by a director of SZXJY. Following the sale, CY-SRRE held a 75% equity interest in SZXJY.

 

In October 2011, SHXJY purchased a 24% interest in Linyi Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“LYSY”) and acquired approximately 103,385 square meters of land for the purpose of developing the land into villa-style residential housing. On March 6, 2012, SHXJY established a wholly-owned subsidiary, namely Linyi Rui Lin Construction and Design Company Limited (“LYRL”). SHXJY’s 24% equity interest in LYSY was then transferred to LYRL. In agreement with Zhang Shu Qin, who owns 51% of LYSY, we have the right to vote 51% interest and thus have 75% of the voting power of LYSY.

 

LIN RAY YANG Enterprise Ltd. (“LRY”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of SRRE, was established in the British Virgin Islands on November 13, 2003 as a limited liability company. On February 5, 2004, LRY established a wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Shang Yang Investment Management and Consulting Company Limited (“SHSY”) in the PRC as a limited liability company. On January 10, 2005, LRY and a PRC third party established a subsidiary, Suzhou Gao Feng Hui Property Management Company Limited (“SZGFH”), in the PRC, with LRY holding 80% of the equity interest in SZGFH. On May 8, 2006, LRY acquired 20% of the equity interest in SZGFH from the third party. Following the acquisition, LRY effectively held 100% of the equity interest in SZGFH. The Company sold SZGFH in 2017.

 

In 2011, we acquired a 49% ownership interest in Wuhan Yuan Yu Long Property Development Company Limited (“WHYYL”). The purpose of this project company is for a development project in Wuhan.

 

SRRE was initially incorporated in Texas on October 10, 1996, under the name of Parallax Entertainment, Inc. (“Parallax”). On December 12, 2003, Parallax changed its name to Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc.

 

On August 31, 2004, SRRE, CY-SRRE and Lin Chi-Jung, an individual and agent for the beneficial shareholder of CY-SRRE, i.e., Ace Develop, entered into an exchange agreement under which SRRE issued 5,000,000 shares of common stock to the beneficial shareholder or its designees, in exchange for all outstanding capital stock of CY-SRRE. The transaction closed on October 5, 2004. Lin Chi-Jung is Chairman of the Board of Directors of SRRE, the President of CY-SRRE and the principal and controlling shareholder of Ace Develop.

 

Also on August 31, 2004, SRRE, LRY and Lin Chi-Jung, an individual and agent for beneficial shareholders of LRY, i.e., Ace Develop, Planet Tech and Systems Tech, entered into an exchange agreement under which SRRE issued 10 million shares of common stock to the beneficial shareholders, or their designees, in exchange for all outstanding capital stock of LRY. The transaction was closed on October 5, 2004. Lin Chi-Jung is Chairman of the Board of Directors of SRRE, the President of LRY and the principal and controlling shareholder of Ace Develop. Regarding the 10 million shares of common stock of SRRE issued in this transaction, SRRE issued 8.5 million shares to Ace Develop, 750,000 shares to Planet Tech and 750,000 shares to Systems Tech.

 

As a result of the acquisition, the former owners of CY-SRRE and LRY hold a majority interest in the combined entity. Generally accepted accounting principles require in certain circumstances that a company whose shareholders retain the majority voting interest in the combined business be treated as the acquirer for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, the acquisition was accounted for as a “reverse acquisition” arrangement whereby CY-SRRE and LRY are deemed to have purchased SRRE. However, SRRE remained the legal entity and the Registrant for Securities and Exchange Commission reporting purposes.

 

 2 

 

 

On May 23, 2006, Sunrise Estate Development Group, Inc. changed its name to Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.

 

General Business Description

 

SRRE went through a series of transactions leading to the completion of a reverse merger on October 5, 2004. Prior to the closing of the exchange agreements described in “Corporate History” above, SRRE was an inactive "shell" company. Following the closing, SRRE, through its two wholly owned subsidiaries, CY-SRRE and LRY, has engaged in the property brokerage services, real estate marketing services, property leasing services and property management services in the PRC.

 

The Company recognizes that in order to differentiate itself from the market, it should avoid direct competition with large-scale property developers who have their own marketing departments. Our objective is to develop a niche position with marketing alliances with mid-sized and smaller developers and become their outsourcing marketing and sales agents. This strategic plan is designed to expand our activities beyond our existing revenue base, enabling us to assume higher investment risk and giving us flexibility in collaborating with partnering developers. The plan is aimed at improving our capital structure, diversifying our revenue base, and creating higher values and equity returns.

 

SRRE operates through its wholly owned subsidiaries, CY-SRRE and LRY. CY-SRRE and LRY do not have operations themselves but conduct operations in Mainland China through their respective subsidiaries that are based in the PRC. CY-SRRE operates through its wholly owned subsidiary, SHXJY. LRY operates through its wholly owned subsidiaries, SHSY. SHXJY and SHSY are property agency business earning commission revenue from marketing and sales services to developers. Our company organization chart is as follows:

 

Figure 1: Company Organization Chart

 

 

1.It was previously known as Shanghai Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Co., Limited. The company changed its name to Shanghai Shang Yang Investment Management and Consulting Company Limited on May 28, 2013.
2.SHGXL is consolidated into the Company’s financials because the Company has control of the development rights and are beneficiary of the revenue SHGXL generates.

 

 3 

 

 

Our major business is agency sales and real estate development. Additionally, we expand our business to the field of financial activities such as entity investment, fund management, financial services and so on.

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, 9% of our net revenues of $763,622 was generated from our brokerage operations. For these services we earned a commission fee calculated as a percentage of the sales prices. We have focused our sales on the entire China market, with a particular focus on secondary cities. To expand our business agencies, we have established subsidiaries and branches in Shanghai, Suzhou and Wuhan.

 

Since we started our agency sales operations in 2001, we have established a reputation as a sales and marketing agency for new projects. With our accumulated expertise and experience, we intend to take a more aggressive role by participating in property investments. We plan to select property developers with outstanding qualifications as our strategic partners, and continue to build strength in design, planning, positioning and marketing services. Beginning in 2012, we commenced our first development project in Wuhan and Linyi and started the initial construction in the first quarter of 2012. In Wuhan, we commenced the construction of Phase 1 of the project in the third quarter of 2012.There are a total of eight buildings. The eight buildings that are open for sale currently have a 90% sales rate. As of May 31, 2019, the project has sold 726 apartment units with an area of 81,221 square meters. All apartment units have been sold and only store fronts on the first floor and parking lots remain on sale.

 

Since October 20, 2014, the Linyi project has constructed 123 units, which encompasses approximately 40% of the gross sales area. Proceeds from sales will be used to finance the construction of the subsequent phases of the project. We are applying for bank loans and other forms of funding. However, there are no assurances we will be able to obtain future financings. As of May 31, 2019, the Linyi project has sold 119 units with a sales area of 45,005 square meters and we have started phase two construction of about 17,000 square meters.

 

SHDEW was established in June 2013 as a skincare and cosmetic company. We own 20.63% of the common stock of SHDEW. The company has made progress in its operations. It has become an ecommerce business with its own app and a membership of over a million members as of December 31, 2018. SHDEW is developing its own skincare products as well as solidifying its position in the ecommerce platform.

 

Business Activities

 

Our main operating subsidiaries, SHXJY and SHSY, have engaged in sales and marketing agency work for newly built property units. We also have developed a network of landowners and developers, allowing us to explore opportunities in property investments.

 

Additionally, we expanded into real estate development in 2011 by establishing LYSY and investing in WHYYL, an unconsolidated affiliate. LYSY has a real estate development project located in Linyi City Economic Development Zone, Shandong Province, PRC, which covers a site area of approximately 103,385 square meters for development of villa-style residential housing buildings. WHYYL is developing a real estate project in Wuhan, with a site area of approximately 27,950 square meters for development of eight high-rise residential buildings.

 

We added a business line in 2015 as part of our service sales. The business line mainly provides business consulting services.

 

Commission Based Services

 

Commission based services refer to marketing and sales agency operations, which provide the following services:

 

a. Integrated Marketing Planning

b. Advertising Planning & Execution

c. Sales Planning and Execution

 

In this business, we sign a marketing and sales agency agreement with property developers to undertake the marketing and sales activities of a specific project. The scope of service varies according to clients' needs; it could be a full package of all the above services, a combination of any two of the above services or any single service.

 

9% of our revenue in 2018 was from commission-based services. We secure these projects via bidding or direct appointments. As a result of our relationships with existing clients and our sales track record, we have secured a number of cases from prior clients on subsequent phases of projects.

 

 4 

 

 

Normally, before a developer retains us, we evaluate and determine the Average Sales Value of a project. This value will be proposed to the developer, and the parties agree on an Average Sales Value as the basis of our agency agreement. The actual sales price of the project is generally priced higher than the Average Sales Value depending on market conditions. On average, we have been able to sell the property at a small premium over Average Sales Value.

 

Our normal commission structure is a combination of the following:

a) Base Commission of 1.0% - 1.5% based on the Average sales value.

b) Surplus Commission of 10% - 30% based on the difference between Average Sales Value and actual sales price.

 

Our wholly owned subsidiaries, SHXJY and SHSY, engage in this sales and marketing phase of our business.

 

Real Estate Development

 

In mid-2011, we established a project company in Wuhan of which we own 49%. We commenced the construction of phase one of the project in the third quarter of 2012 and the pre-sale of the phase one in the first quarter of 2013. There are a total of 8 buildings. As of May 30, 2019, all residential units have been sold except for commercial shops and underground park units.

 

In October 2011, we established LYSY and own 24% of the company. During the first quarter of 2012, we acquired approximately 103,385 square meters for the purpose of developing villa-style residential housing. We began construction in mid-2012 and as of December 31, 2018 have constructed 123 units, which include all units in phase 1 which we completed construction in May 2015. The sales started in November 2013; we have made sales of 104 units by the end of May 2019. Proceeds from sales will be used to finance the construction of the subsequent phases of the project. Phase 2 has begun construction of 17,000 square meters (“sqm”) in October 2017. We have completed 8,832 sqm of Phase 2 and began the its sale on October 2018 with 45 units. We sold 41 units (8,054 sqm) as of May, 2019.

 

On March 13, 2014, the Company signed a joint development agreement with Zhongji Pufa Real Estate Co. According to this agreement, the Company obtained the right to develop the Guangxin Lu (“GXL”) project, which is located in the Putuo District, Shanghai, PRC. This project covers a site area of approximately 2,502 square meters for the development of one apartment building. Presale began on March 2016, and construction was completed on March of 2017. As of June 14, 2019, the project has sold 79 units with a sales area of 3,967 square meters. There are 18 units subject to presale contract termination out of a total of 97 presale units. The project is preparing for the final acceptance of construction by the government authorities. Regulations issued in 2017 require that all commercial and office buildings be used in accordance to what it was originally intended for when the project registered its plans. Our GXL project was inspected by the government and was found to be in accordance with our originally registered plan. However, as of June 14, 2019, we are waiting for the proper authority to allow continued sale of the units.

 

On December 6, 2018, the Company  established 60% ownership of an investment holding company, Huaian Zhanbao (“HAZB”), for the purpose of possible future real estate development project in Huaian. In March 2019, HAZB purchased 100%  of Huaian Tianxi Real Estate Development (“Huaian Tianxi”) for $0 from SHDEW. The Company, indirectly through Huaian Tianxi, holds a property of 78,027 sqm with an above-ground constructible area of 195,000 sqm.

 

Mainland China's Property Sector

 

The industry's macro environment is improving, and the property sector is gradually becoming a more regulated market. Stable economic growth provides a solid and secure base for investment returns in the property sector.

 

GDP Growth of PRC for the period of 2014 through 2018:

 

   GDP GROWTH 
2014   7.3%
2015   6.9%
2016   6.7%
2017   6.9%
2018   6.6%

Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China

 

Government Regulation

 

In 2017, the Shanghai Municipal Construction and Construction Commission issued the Opinions on the Clarification of Commercial and Office Project (Document 2017 No. 400). This regulation requires all commercial and office buildings be used in accordance to what it was originally intended for when the project registered its plans.

 

The State Taxation Administration issued the Regulation of Land Value-added Tax Clearing and Administration in May 2009, effective on June 1, 2009. It requires developers to clear the land value-added tax, which have completed development projects and have finished sale, or have sold development projects under construction, to clear the land value-added tax..

 

In December 2009, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Supervision, the Central Government, and five other agencies required issued “Notice Regarding Improving Land Sales and Responsible Management” and required that the initial payment of land purchases be increased to 50% of the purchase price and that the entire purchase price be paid in full within the year. Prior to the announcement, the initial payment was around 20% to 30% of the purchase price.

 

 5 

 

 

On January 1, 2010, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation re-imposed the business tax on total proceeds from the resale of certain residential properties held for less than five years. The China Banking Regulatory Authority withdrew its earlier policy and re-imposed a minimum of 40% down payment requirement for mortgages for second housing units purchased by families. On March 8, 2010, the Ministry of Land and Resources issued a circular to further strengthen the supervision on land supply, requiring a real estate developer to pay at least 50% of the land premium within one month and 100% within one year after the land use right contract is executed. On April 17, 2010, the State Council issued the Circular on Firmly Restraining Soaring Housing Prices in Certain Cities. Pursuant to this circular,

 

  A down payment must be no less than 30% of the purchase price for first self-use housing unit purchases by a family with a gross construction area of more than 90 square meters;
  The minimum down payment for the second housing unit purchased by a family is increased from 40% to 50% and the loan interest rate must be no less than 110% of benchmark lending interest rate;
  Down payment for the third or additional housing unit purchased by any family and the loan interest rate must be further increased significantly based on the rate for the first and second housing units, as determined by commercial banks based on their assessment of the risks;
  Commercial banks may suspend extending loans to families for their purchases of the third or additional housing units in regions where commercial housing unit prices are too high or have risen too fast or supply of housing units is insufficient. The banks may also suspend extending loans to individuals for their purchase of housing units outside of their registered residence if they cannot furnish evidence of their tax or social insurance premium payment for at least one year locally in the region where the subject housing units are located; and
  Local governments are allowed to limit the total number of housing units one can purchase in certain period in light of the local situation.

 

On January 10, 2010, the government established 11 measures to strengthen management of the real estate market to address rising real estate prices. The measures called for an increasing supply of low-cost houses for low-income families and common residential houses, encouraging reasonably priced house buying while limiting purchases for speculation and investment, strengthening real estate project loan risk management and market supervision, speeding up construction of residential housing projects for low-income households, and specifying responsibilities of local governments.

 

In January 2011, the State Council released an additional eight new measures to put downward pressure on property prices by:

1) Requiring local governments to set housing price targets in proportion to local income levels for 2011;
2) Requiring a business tax for housing sales within 5 years of purchase must be levied on total sales value;
3) Strengthening the management of land supply for housing;
4) Imposing purchase restrictions in all large and medium-sized cities. Families already owning a residential property are allowed to buy only one more, while those already owning two or more properties are prohibited from purchasing additional properties;
5) Accelerating the construction of social security residential housings;
6) Providing that the down payment ratio for second-home purchases must not be less than 60%, up from 50%, with an interest rate at least 1.1 times of the benchmark rate;
7) Improving guidance for the media's housing market coverage;
8) Providing for implementation & accountability for local governments over the housing price control targets.

 

In May 2011, the National Development and Reform Commission (“NDRC”) began the “one house, one price” policy which requires developers to enhance its disclosure of the residential properties’ offering prices and available supply volume. This policy is designed to prevent developers from posting false supply volume and prices to fuel speculative price volatility.

 

In July 2011, China’s State Council declared that it will continue to implement tightening policies and expand the housing purchase restrictions to second and third-tier cities.

 

In late February and March 2013, the PRC government issued the “New Five Policies” for administration of the housing market and detailed implementation rules, which signified the PRC government’s strong determination to curb the increase in housing prices by requiring more stringent implementation of the housing price control measures. For example, in the cities where there are existing restrictions on housing sale, if the housing prices are rising fast due to insufficient local housing supply, the local governments are required to take more stringent measures to restrict housing units from being sold to those households that own more than one housing unit.  In these cities, the minimum down payment for the second housing unit purchased by a household may be further increased from 60% and the loan interest rate may be raised to be more than 110% of benchmark lending interest rate, as the local housing price control measures require. The New Five Policies also reiterated and emphasized the implementation of the 20% income tax on capital gain generated from housing unit sale. Following the request of the central government, Beijing, Shanghai and other major cities in China have announced detailed regulations to implement the New Five Policies in late March 2013 to further cool down the local real estate markets.

 

 6 

 

 

In July 2012, the Ministry of Land and Resources and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued a notice to further tighten the land use administration and seek stricter enforcement of the existing real estate market regulations, which include, in particular, enhanced control over the floor area and plot ratio of land for housing purpose, closer scrutiny on the qualification of land bidders, and strengthened investigation and punishment on land bidding winners who leave land idle for more than one year.

 

Such measures and policies by the government have negatively affected the real estate market and caused a reduction in transactions in the real estate market. While these measures and policies remain in effect, they may continue to depress the real estate market, dissuade would-be buyers from making purchases, reduce transaction volume, cause a decline in average selling prices, and prevent developers from raising the capital they need and increase developers’ costs to start new projects.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had the following number and categories of employees:

 

   Employees 
SRRE     
Executive Dept.   2 
Accounting Dept.   2 
Investor Relations Dept.   1 
      
SHXJY     
Administration Dept.   1 
Accounting Dept.   1 
Research & Development Dept.   2 
Marketing Dept.   1 
      
SZXJY     
Administration Dept.   11 
Research & Development Dept.   3 
Accounting Dept.   6 
Marketing Dept.   4 
      
SZSY     
Marketing Dept.   2 
Research & Development Dept.     
      
SHSY     
Administration Dept.   4 
Accounting Dept.   3 
Development Dept.   5 
      
LYSY     
Accounting Dept   2 
Administration Dept.   6 
Construction Dept.   9 
Marketing Dept.   16 
Executive Dept.   3 
      
SHRJ     
Administration Dept.     
Design Dept.   1 
Total   85 

 

None of our employees are represented by a labor union or bound by a collective bargaining unit. We believe that our relationship with its employees is satisfactory.

 

 7 

 

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

RISK FACTORS

 

SRRE has identified a number of risk factors the Company faces. These factors, among others, may cause actual results, events or performance to differ materially from those expressed in this 10-K or in press releases or other public disclosures. You should be aware of the existence of these factors.

 

RISKS RELATING TO THE GROUP

 

SRRE is a holding company and depends on its subsidiaries’ cash flows to meet its obligations.

 

SRRE is a holding company and it conducts all of its operations through its subsidiaries. As a result, its ability to meet any obligations depends upon its subsidiaries’ cash flows and payment of funds as dividends, loans, advances or other payments. In addition, the payment of dividends or the making of loans, advances or other payments to SRRE may be subject to regulatory or contractual restrictions.

 

Our invoicing for commissions may be delayed.

 

Generally, we recognize our commission revenues after the contracts signed with developers are completed and confirmations are received from the developers. However, sometimes we do not recognize income even when we have rendered our services for any of the following reasons:

 

a. The developers have not received payments from potential purchasers who have promised to pay the outstanding sum by cash;
b. The purchasers, who need to obtain mortgage financing to pay the outstanding balance due, are unable to obtain the necessary financing from their banks;
c. Banks are sometimes unwilling to grant the necessary bridge loan to the developers in time due to the developers’ relatively low credit rating;
d. The developers tend to be in arrears with sales commissions and, as a result, do not grant confirmation to us to be able to invoice them accordingly.

 

Development of new business may stretch our cash flow and strain our operation efficiency.

 

Business expansion and the need to integrate operations arising from the expansion may place a significant strain on our managerial, operational and financial resources, and will further contribute to a need to increase in our financial needs.

 

Our acquisition of new property may involve risks.

 

These acquisitions involve several risks including, but not limited to, the following:

 

a.The acquired properties may not perform as well as we expect or ever become profitable.
b.Improvements to the properties may ultimately cost significantly more than we had originally estimated.

 

Additional acquisitions might harm our business.

 

As part of our business strategy, we may seek to acquire or invest in additional businesses, products, services or technologies that we think could complement or expand our business. If we identify an appropriate acquisition opportunity, we might be unable to negotiate the terms of that acquisition successfully, finance it, or integrate it into our existing business and operations. We may also be unable to select, manage or absorb any future acquisitions successfully. Furthermore, the negotiation of potential acquisitions, as well as the integration of an acquired business, would divert management time and other resources. We may have to use a substantial portion of our available cash to consummate an acquisition. If we complete acquisitions through exchange of our securities, our shareholders could suffer significant dilution. In addition, we cannot assure that any particular acquisition, even if successfully completed, will ultimately benefit our business.

 

Our real estate investments are subject to numerous risks.

 

We are subject to risks that generally relate to investments in real estate. The investment returns available from equity investments in real estate depend in large part on the amount of income earned and capital appreciation generated by the related properties, as well as the expenses incurred. In addition, a variety of other factors affect income from properties and real estate values, including governmental regulations, insurance, zoning, tax and eminent domain laws, interest rate levels and the availability of financing. For example, new or existing real estate zoning or tax laws can make it more expensive and/or time-consuming to develop real property or expand, modify or renovate properties. When interest rates increase, the cost of acquiring, developing, expanding or renovating real property increases and real property values may decrease as the number of potential buyers decrease. Similarly, as financing becomes less available, it becomes more difficult both to acquire and to sell real property. Finally, governments can, under eminent domain laws, take real property. Sometimes this taking is for less compensation than the owner believes the property is worth. Any of these factors could have a material adverse impact on results of our operations or financial condition. In addition, equity real estate investments, such as the investments we hold and any additional properties that we may acquire, are relatively difficult to sell quickly. If our properties do not generate sufficient revenue to meet operating expenses, including debt servicing and capital expenditures, our income will be reduced.

 

 8 

 

 

Competition, economic conditions and similar factors affecting us, and the real estate industry in general, could affect our performance.

 

Our properties and business are subject to all operating risks common to the real estate industry. These risks include:

 

a. Adverse effects of general and local economic conditions;
b. Increases in operating costs attributable to inflation and other factors; and
c. Overbuilding in certain property sectors.

 

These factors could adversely affect our revenues, profitability and results of operations.

 

Our business is susceptible to fluctuations in the real estate market of China, especially in certain areas of eastern China where a significant portion of our operations are concentrated, which may adversely affect our revenues and results of operations.

 

We conduct our real estate services business in China. Our business depends substantially on the conditions of the PRC real estate market. Demand for private residential real estate in China has grown rapidly in the recent decade but such growth is often coupled with volatility in market conditions and fluctuation in real estate prices. Fluctuations of supply and demand in China’s real estate market are caused by economic, social, political and other factors. To the extent fluctuations in the real estate market adversely affect real estate transaction volumes or prices, our financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

 

As a significant portion of our operations is concentrated in Shanghai and Jiangsu Province, any decrease in demand or real estate prices or any other adverse developments in these regions may materially and adversely affect our total real estate transaction volumes and average selling prices, which may in turn adversely affect our revenues and results of operations. These economic uncertainties involve, among other things, conditions of supply and demand in local markets and changes in consumer confidence and income, employment levels, increase in mortgage interest rates and government regulations. These risks and uncertainties could periodically have an adverse effect on consumer demand for and the pricing of our homes, which could cause our operating revenues to decline. In addition, builders are subject to various risks, many of them outside the control of the homebuilder including competitive overbuilding, availability and cost of building lots, materials and labor, adverse weather conditions, cost overruns, changes in government regulations, and increases in real estate taxes and other local government fees. A reduction in our revenues could in turn negatively affect the market price of our securities.

 

Our net income is generated primarily from an investment in one of our unconsolidated affiliates, and we are dependent upon advances and expected distributions from such affiliate to operate and grow our business and satisfy our liabilities.

 

We are dependent upon our investment in SHDEW, an unconsolidated affiliate, to generate our net income and expect such investment to generate the majority of our cash receipts through the payment of dividends and advances over the next few years. Any material decline in the business of SHDEW or in its expected ability to pay dividends would materially and adversely affect our business, our ability to service liabilities and to pay dividends on our common stock, unless we obtain other sources of financing, of which there can be no assurance. In 2018, out of the Company’s total net income of $46,885,066, we generated $59,337,569 in equity income from our investment in SHDEW. As of December 31, 2018, we own 20.63% of SHDEW, but we do not control the payment by SHDEW of dividends or other distributions to us. In addition, the payment of dividends or other distributions from SHDEW could be subject to restrictions on, or taxation of, dividends or repatriation of earnings under applicable law, monetary transfer restrictions, currency exchange regulations in jurisdictions in which our subsidiaries operate or any other restrictions imposed by current or future agreements to which SHDEW may be a party, including debt instruments. Events beyond our control, including changes in general business and economic conditions, could adversely impact the value of our investment and the ability of SHDEW to pay dividends or make other distributions to us.

 

In addition, a significant portion of our assets consist of ownership interests in SHDEW. If we were required to liquidate any of such securities in order to generate funds to satisfy our liabilities, we may be required to sell such securities at a time or times at which we would not be able to realize what we believe to be the long-term value of such assets and there might be a very limited market for such securities.

 

Our business may be materially and adversely affected by government measures aimed at China’s real estate industry.

 

The real estate industry in China is subject to government regulations. Until 2009, the real estate markets in a number of major cities in China had experienced rapid and significant growth. Before the global economic crisis hit all the major economies worldwide in 2009, the PRC government had adopted a series of measures to restrain what it perceived as unsustainable growth in the real estate market. From 2003 to 2013, the PRC government introduced a series of specific administrative and credit-control measures including, but not limited to, setting minimum down payment requirements for residential and commercial real estate transactions, limiting availability of mortgage loans, and tightening governmental approval process for certain real estate transactions.

 

 9 

 

 

In cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, we have seen the effects of such policies and regulatory measures. The sales volumes for real properties in Beijing and Shanghai decreased significantly after the policy change. The sale prices for certain properties in such cities are also weakened. The PRC government’s policy and regulatory measures on the PRC real estate sector could adversely affect the property purchasers’ ability to obtain mortgage financing or significantly increase the cost of mortgage financing and reduce market demand for properties. These factors may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Despite the recent government measures aimed at maintaining the long-term stability of the real estate market, there is no assurance that the PRC government will not continue to adopt new measures in the future that may result in short-term downward adjustments and uncertainty in the real estate market.

 

Our business may be materially and adversely affected as a result of decreased transaction volumes or real estate prices that may follow these adjustments or market uncertainty.

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment.

 

Our competitors may be able to adapt more quickly to changes in customer needs or to devote greater resources than we can to developing and expanding our services. Such competitors could also attempt to increase their presence in our markets by forming strategic alliances with other competitors, by offering new or improved services or by increasing their efforts to gain and retain market share through competitive pricing. As the market for our services matures, price competition and penetration into the market will intensify. Such competition may adversely affect our gross profits, margins and results of operations. There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully with existing or new competitors.

 

We may be unable to effectively manage our growth.

 

We will need to manage our growth effectively, which may entail devising and effectively implementing business and integration plans, training and managing our growing workforce, managing our costs, and implementing adequate control and reporting systems in a timely manner. We may not be able to successfully manage our growth or to integrate and assimilate any acquired business operations. Our failure to do so could affect our success in executing our business plan and adversely affect our revenues, profitability and results of operations.

 

If we fail to successfully manage our planned expansion of operations, our growth prospects will be diminished and our operating expenses could exceed budgeted amounts.

 

Our ability to offer our services in an evolving market requires an effective planning and management process. We have expanded our operations rapidly since inception, and we intend to continue to expand them in the foreseeable future. This rapid growth places significant demand on our managerial and operational resources and our internal training capabilities. In addition, we have hired a significant number of employees and plan to further increase our total work force. This growth will continue to substantially burden our management team. To manage growth effectively, we must:

 

  a. Implement and improve our operational, financial and other systems, procedures and controls on a timely basis.
  b. Expand, train and manage our workforce, particularly our sales and marketing and support organizations.

 

We cannot be certain that our systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support our current or future operations or that our management will be able to handle such expansion and still achieve the execution necessary to meet our growth expectations. Failure to manage our growth effectively could diminish our growth prospects and could result in lost opportunities as well as operating expenses exceeding the amount budgeted.

 

We may be unable to maintain internal funds or obtain financing or renew credit facilities in the future.

 

Adequate financing is one of the major factors, which can affect our ability to execute our business plan in this regard. We finance our business mainly through internal funds, bank loans or raising equity funds. There is no guarantee that we will always have internal funds available for future developments or we will not experience difficulties in obtaining financing and renewing credit facilities granted by financial institutions in the future. In addition, there may be a delay in equity fundraising activities. Although in August and November 2014 we issued 40,000,000 shares of stock of the Company in aggregate for cash of approximately $3,400,000 to Ace Develop, with Lin Chi-Jung, our CEO, President and Chairman, the sole shareholder of Ace Develop, our access to obtain debt or equity financing depends on the bank’s willingness to lend and on conditions in the capital markets, and we may not be able to secure additional sources of financing on commercially acceptable terms, if at all. If we cannot raise additional capital on acceptable terms, we may not be able to develop or enhance our services, take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements. To fully realize our business objectives and potential, we may require additional financing. If we are unable to obtain any necessary additional financing, we will be required to substantially curtail our approach to implementing our business objectives. Additional financing may be debt, equity or a combination of debt and equity. If equity is used, it could result in significant dilution to our shareholders.

 

 10 

 

 

We require substantial capital resources to fund our land use rights acquisition and property developments, which may not be available.

 

Property development is capital intensive. Our ability to secure sufficient financing for land use rights acquisition and property development depends on a number of factors that are beyond our control, including market conditions in the capital markets, the PRC economy and the PRC government regulations that affect the availability and cost of financing for real estate companies.

 

In order to strengthen liquidity management and regulate money and credit supply, the People’s Bank of China raised the RMB reserve requirement ratio for depository financial institutions. Prior to December 2011, the People’s Bank of China raised the reserve requirement ratio by an additional 1.5%. People’s Bank of China decided to further cut the RMB reserve requirement ratio by 0.5% twice. The reserve requirement ratio refers to the amount of funds that banks must hold in reserve against deposits made by their customers. These increases in the reserve requirement ratio have reduced the amount of commercial bank credit available to businesses in China, including us.

 

Our operations and growth prospects may be significantly impeded if we are unable to retain our key personnel or attract additional key personnel, particularly since experienced personnel and new skilled personnel are in short supply.

 

Competition for key personnel is intense. As a small company, our success depends on the service of our executive officers, and other skilled managerial and technical personnel, and our ability to attract, hire, train and retain personnel. There is always the possibility that certain of our key personnel may terminate their employment with us to work for one of our competitors at any time for any reason. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in attracting and retaining key personnel. The loss of services of one or more key personnel could have a material adverse effect on us and would materially impede the operation and growth of our business.

 

If our partnering developers experience financial or other difficulties, our business and revenues could be adversely affected.

 

As a service-based company, we greatly depend on the working relationships and agency contracts with its partnering developers. We are exposed to the risks that our partnering developers may experience financial or other difficulties, which may affect their ability or will to carry out any existing development projects or resell contracts, thus delaying or canceling the fulfillment of their agency contracts with us. Any of these factors could adversely affect our revenues, profitability and results of operations.

 

Our partnering developers are subject to extensive government regulation which could make it difficult for them to obtain adequate funding or additional funding. Various PRC regulations restrict developers’ ability to raise capital through external financings and other methods, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

  developers cannot pre-sell uncompleted residential units in a project prior to achieving certain development milestones specified in related regulations;
     
  PRC banks are prohibited from extending loans to real estate companies to fund the purchase of land use rights;
     
  developers cannot borrow from a PRC bank for a particular project unless we fund at least 35% of the total investment amount of that project using our own capital;
     
  developers cannot borrow from a PRC bank for a particular project if we do not obtain the land use right certificate for that project;
     
  property developers are strictly prohibited from using the proceeds from a loan obtained from a local bank to fund property developments outside of the region where the bank is located; and
     
  PRC banks are prohibited from accepting properties that have been vacant for more than three years as collateral for a loan.

 

We may fail to obtain, or may experience material delays in obtaining necessary government approvals for any major property development, which will adversely affect our business.

 

The real estate industry is strictly regulated by the PRC government. Property developers in China must abide by various laws and regulations, including implementation rules promulgated by local governments to enforce these laws and regulations. Before commencing, and during the course of, development of a property project, we need to apply for various licenses, permits, certificates and approvals, including land use rights certificates, construction site planning permits, construction work planning permits, construction permits, pre-sale permits and completion acceptance certificates. We need to satisfy various requirements to obtain these certificates and permits. To date, we have not encountered serious delays or difficulties in the process of applying for these certificates and permits, but we cannot guarantee that we will not encounter serious delays or difficulties in the future. In the event that we fail to obtain the necessary governmental approvals for any of our major property projects, or a serious delay occurs in the government’s examination and approval progress, we may not be able to maintain our development schedule and our business and cash flows may be adversely affected.

 

 11 

 

 

We may be unable to complete our property developments on time or at all.

 

The progress and costs for a development project can be adversely affected by many factors, including, without limitation:

 

  delays in obtaining necessary licenses, permits or approvals from government agencies or authorities;
  shortages of materials, equipment, contractors and skilled labor;
  disputes with our third-party contractors;
  failure by our third-party contractors to comply with our designs, specifications or standards;
  difficult geological situations or other geotechnical issues;
  on-site labor disputes or work accidents; and natural catastrophes or adverse weather conditions.

 

Any construction delays, or failure to complete a project according to our planned specifications or budget, may delay our property sales, which could harm our revenues, cash flows and our reputation.

 

If we fail to establish and maintain strategic relationships, the market acceptance of our services, and our profitability, may suffer.

 

To offer services to a larger customer base, our direct sales force depends on strategic partnerships, marketing alliances, and partnering developers to obtain customer leads and referrals. If we are unable to maintain our existing strategic relationships or fail to enter into additional strategic relationships, we will have to devote substantially more resources to the marketing of our services. We would also lose anticipated customer introductions and co-marketing benefits. Our success depends in part on the success of our strategic partners and their ability to market our services successfully. In addition, our strategic partners may not regard us as significant for their own businesses. Therefore, they could reduce their commitment to us or terminate their respective relationships with us, pursue other partnerships or relationships, or attempt to develop or acquire services that compete with our services. Even if we succeed in establishing these relationships, they may not result in additional customers or revenues.

 

We are subject to the risks associated with projects operated through joint ventures.

 

Some of our projects are operated through joint ventures in which we have controlling interests. We may enter into similar joint ventures in the future. Any joint venture investment involves risks such as the possibility that the joint venture partner may seek relief under Chinese insolvency laws, or have economic or business interests or goals that are inconsistent with our business interests or goals. While the bankruptcy or insolvency of our joint venture partner generally should not disrupt the operations of the joint venture, we could be forced to purchase the partner’s interest in the joint venture, or the interest could be sold to a third party. Additionally, we may enter into joint ventures in the future in which we have non-controlling interests. If we do not have control over a joint venture, the value of our investment may be affected adversely by a third party that may have different goals and capabilities than ours. It may also be difficult for us to exit a joint venture that we do not control after an impasse. In addition, a joint venture partner may be unable to meet its economic or other obligations, and we may be required to fulfill those obligations.

 

We are subject to the risks associated with projects operated through joint ventures.

 

Some of our projects are operated through joint ventures in which we have controlling interests. We may enter into similar joint ventures in the future. Any joint venture investment involves risks such as the possibility that the joint venture partner may seek relief under federal or state insolvency laws or have economic or business interests or goals that are inconsistent with our business interests or goals. While the bankruptcy or insolvency of our joint venture partner generally should not disrupt the operations of the joint venture, we could be forced to purchase the partner’s interest in the joint venture, or the interest could be sold to a third party. Additionally, we may enter into joint ventures in the future in which we have non-controlling interests. If we do not have control over a joint venture, the value of our investment may be affected adversely by a third party that may have different goals and capabilities than ours. It may also be difficult for us to exit a joint venture that we do not control after an impasse. In addition, a joint venture partner may be unable to meet its economic or other obligations, and we may be required to fulfill those obligations.

 

We are subject to risks relating to acts of God, terrorist activity and war.

 

Our operating income may be reduced by acts of God, such as natural disasters or acts of terror, in locations where we own and/or operate significant properties and areas from which we draw customers and partnering developers. Some types of losses, such as from earthquake, hurricane, terrorism and environmental hazards, may be either uninsurable or too expensive to justify insuring against. Should an uninsured loss or a loss in excess of insured limits occur, we could lose all or a portion of the capital we have invested in any particular property, as well as any anticipated future revenue from such property. In that event, we might nevertheless remain obligated for any mortgage debt or other financial obligations related to the property. Similarly, wars (including the potential for war), terrorist activity (including threats of terrorist activity), political unrest and other forms of civil strife as well as geopolitical uncertainty have caused in the past, and may cause in the future, our results to differ materially from anticipated results.

 

 12 

 

 

We have limited business insurance coverage in China.

 

The insurance industry in China is still at an early stage of development. Insurance companies in China offer limited business insurance products. As a result, we do not have any business liability or disruption insurance coverage for our operations in China. Any business disruption, litigation or natural disaster might result in substantial costs and diversion of resources.

 

We may be affected by global climate change or by legal, regulatory, or market responses to such change.

 

There is a growing concern in regards to the global warming issues affecting the world. The changing weather patterns and abnormal conditions may affect the construction and logistics of developers and this may indirectly cause inverse effect to our operation. Extreme weather conditions may delay in construction of properties; this then may delay the sale of these properties and therefore delaying our future revenue stream. There may be regulations in manufacturing materials for property construction and new building codes in response to global warming that may delay construction and/or create further expenses to the developers. These possible changes may indirectly affect our business.

 

Our real estate development operating results may not achieve our goals.

 

As there are many variables to developing a real estate project, we face the risk of running out of funds mid construction and may have to delay or be unable to continue developing the project. We may also run into market downturn and not be able to sell any of the housings we’ve developed. If any of the above happens, we may face an extreme cash shortage and will directly affect our business.

 

The staff of our accounting department lack training and experience in the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), which may result in accounting errors in the financial statements that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

 

Our executive offices are located in the PRC. Our entire bookkeeping and accounting staff is located there. Our books and records are maintained in Chinese, using Chinese accounting principles. Chinese accounting principles vary in many important respects from U.S. GAAP. To file our Company’s financial statements with the SEC, our accounting staff must convert the financial statements from Chinese accounting principles to U.S. accounting principles. However, none of the members of our accounting staff has extensive experience or training in the preparation of financial statements under U.S. accounting principles. Neither do we have any employee who has previous experience in accounting for a U.S. public company. This situation creates a risk that the financial statements we file with the SEC will fail to present our financial condition and/or results of operations as required by SEC rules and U.S. GAAP.

 

We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. If we fail to develop or maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results and prevent fraud. As a result, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial statements, which would harm the trading price of our common stock.

 

Companies that file reports with the SEC, including us, are subject to the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or SOX 404. SOX 404 requires management to establish and maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting and annual reports on Form 10-K filed under the Exchange Act to contain a report from management assessing the effectiveness of a company’s internal control over financial reporting. A report of our management is included under Item 9A. “Controls and Procedures” of this report. We are a smaller reporting company and, consequently, are not required to include an attestation report of our auditor in this annual report. However, if and when we become subject to the auditor attestation requirements under SOX 404, we can provide no assurance that we will receive an unqualified report from our independent auditors.

 

During its evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, management identified a material weakness relating to our lack of sufficient accounting personnel with an appropriate understanding of U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting requirements.

 

We are undertaking remedial measures, which measures will take time to implement and test, to address the material weakness. There can be no assurance that such measures will be sufficient to remedy the material weakness identified or that additional material weaknesses or other control or significant deficiencies will not be identified in the future. If we continue to experience material weaknesses in our internal controls or fail to maintain or implement required new or improved controls, such circumstances could cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations or result in material misstatements in our financial statements, or adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations and, if required, annual auditor attestation reports. Each of the foregoing results could cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and lead to a decline in our stock price. See Item 9A. “Controls and Procedures” for more information.

 

Concerns about global warming could adversely affect our business.

 

There is a growing concern regarding global warming. The changing weather patterns and abnormal conditions may affect the construction and logistics of developers and this may indirectly have adverse effect on our operations. Extreme weather conditions may cause delay in construction of properties, which may in turn delay the sale of these properties and our future revenue stream.

 

 13 

 

 

RISKS RELATING TO OUR SECURITIES

 

Our controlling shareholders could take actions that are not in the public shareholders’ best interests.

 

As of May 31, 2019, Ace Develop Properties directly controls 64.80% of our outstanding common stock and Lin Chi-Jung, our Chairman, is the sole shareholder of Ace Develop. As of May 31, 2019, Robert Lin Investments directly controls 4.87% of our outstanding common stock and Lin Chao Chun, one of our directors, is the principal and controlling shareholder of Robert Lin Investments. Accordingly, pursuant to our Articles of Incorporation and bylaws, Ace Develop Properties and Lin Chi-Jung, and Robert Lin Investments and Lin Chao Chun, by virtue of their controlling ownership of share interests, will be able to exercise substantial influence over our business by directly or indirectly voting at either shareholders meetings or the board of directors meetings in matters of significance to us and our public shareholders, including matters relating to:

 

a.Election of directors and officers;
b.The amount and timing of dividends and other distributions;
c.Acquisition of or merger with another company; and
d.Any proposed amendments to our Articles of Incorporation.

 

Future sales of our common stock could adversely affect our stock price.

 

If our shareholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected. In addition, the sale of these shares could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities.

 

We are traded on the OTCQB, which can be a volatile market.

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB a quotation system for equity securities. It is a more limited trading market than the Nasdaq Capital Market, and timely and accurate quotations of the price of our common stock may not always be available. Investors may expect trading volume to be low in such a market. Consequently, the activity of only a few shares may affect the market and may result in wide swings in price and in volume.

 

We may be subject to exchange rate fluctuations.

 

A majority of our revenues are received, and a majority of our operating costs are incurred, in Renminbi. Because our financial statements are presented in U.S. Dollars, any significant fluctuation in the currency exchange rates between the Renminbi and the U.S. Dollar will affect our reported results of operations. We do not currently engage in currency-hedging transactions.

 

Trading of our common stock is limited, which may make it difficult for investors to sell their shares at times and prices that investors feel are appropriate.

 

Trading of our common stock has been extremely limited. This adversely effects the liquidity of our common stock, not only in terms of the number of shares that can be bought and sold at a given price, but also through delays in the timing of transactions and reduction in security analysts’ and the media’s coverage of us. This may result in lower prices for our common stock than might otherwise be obtained and could also result in a larger spread between the bid and asked prices for our common stock.

 

There is a limited market for our common stock and an active trading market for our common stock may never develop.

 

Trading in our common stock has been limited and has been characterized by wide fluctuations in trading prices, due to many factors that may have little to do with a company’s operations or business prospects.

 

Because it may be a “penny stock,” it will be more difficult for shareholders to sell shares of our common stock.

 

In addition, our common stock may be considered a “penny stock” under SEC rules because it has been trading on the OTC Bulletin Board at prices lower than $1.00. Broker-dealers who sell penny stocks must provide purchasers of these stocks with a standardized risk-disclosure document prepared by the SEC. This document provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks involved in investing in the penny-stock market. A broker must also give a purchaser, orally or in writing, bid and offer quotations and information regarding broker and salesperson compensation, make a written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser, and obtain the purchaser’s written agreement for the purchaser. Broker-dealers also must provide customers that hold penny stocks in their accounts with such broker-dealers a monthly statement containing price and market information relating to the penny stock. If a penny stock is sold to investors in violation of the penny stock rules, investors may be able to cancel the purchase and get the money back. The penny stock rules may make it difficult for investors to sell their shares of our stock, and because of these rules, there is less trading in penny stocks. Moreover, many brokers simply choose not to participate in penny-stock transactions. Accordingly, investors may not always be able to resell shares of our common stock publicly at times and at prices that investors feel are appropriate.

 

 14 

 

 

Our stock price is, and we expect it to remain, volatile, which could limit investors’ ability to sell stock at a profit.

 

Since the completion of the SRRE /CY-SRRE/LRY share exchange transactions the market price of our common stock has ranged from a high of $1.00 per share to a low of $0.09 per share in 2018. The volatile price of our stock makes it difficult for investors to predict the value of our investment, to sell shares at a profit at any given time, or to plan purchases and sales in advance. A variety of factors may affect the market price of our common stock. These include, but are not limited to:

 

a. Announcements of new technological innovations or new commercial services by our competitors or us;
b. Developments concerning proprietary rights;
c. Regulatory developments in Mainland China and foreign countries;
d. Period-to-period fluctuations in our revenues and other results of operations;
e. Economic or other crises and other external factors;
f. Changes in financial estimates by securities analysts; and
g. Sales of our common stock.

 

We will not be able to control many of these factors, and we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our financial results will not necessarily be indicative of our future performance.

 

The stock market in general has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that may have been unrelated and disproportionate to the operating performance of individual companies. These broad market and industry factors may seriously harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance.

 

Because we have not paid and do not plan to pay cash dividends, investors will not realize any income from an investment in our common stock unless and until investors sell their shares at profit.

 

We paid a cash dividend on our common stock in January 28, 2019. We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future. Investors should not rely on an investment in our stock if they require dividend income. Further, investors will only realize income on an investment in our stock in the event they sell or otherwise dispose of their shares at a price higher than the price they paid for their shares. Such a gain would result only from an increase in the market price of our common stock, which is uncertain and unpredictable.

 

We intend to retain all of our earnings for use in our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future.

 

The payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon a number of factors, including future earnings, the success of our business activities, general financial condition, future prospects, general business conditions and such other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

 

RISKS RELATING TO THE REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY IN YANGTZE DELTA AND OTHER AREAS OF THE PRC

 

The real estate market in Yangtze Delta and other areas of the PRC is at an early stage of development.

 

We are subject to real estate market conditions in the PRC generally and Yangtze Delta in particular. Private ownership of property in the PRC is still at an early stage of development. Although there is a perception that economic growth in the PRC and the higher standard of living resulting from such growth will lead to a greater demand for private properties in the PRC, it is not possible to predict with certainty that such a correlation exists as many social, political, economic, legal and other factors may affect the development of the property market. The level of uncertainty is increased by the limited availability of accurate financial and market information as well as the overall low level of transparency in the PRC.

 

The PRC property market, including the Yangtze Delta property market, is volatile and may experience oversupply and property price fluctuations. The central and local governments frequently adjust monetary and other economic policies to prevent and curtail the overheating of the PRC and local economies, and such economic adjustments may affect the real estate market in Yangtze Delta and other parts of China. Furthermore, the central and local governments from time to time make policy adjustments and adopt new regulatory measures in a direct effort to control the over development of the real estate market in China, including Yangtze Delta. Such policies may lead to changes in market conditions, including price instability and an imbalance of supply and demand of residential properties, which may materially adversely affect our business and financial conditions. Also, there is no assurance that there will not be over development in the property sector in Yangtze Delta and other parts of China in the future. Any future over development in the property sector in Yangtze Delta and other parts of China may result in an oversupply of properties and a fall of property prices in Yangtze Delta or any of our other markets, which could adversely affect our business and financial condition. The lack of a liquid secondary market for residential property may discourage investors from acquiring new properties. The limited amount of property mortgage financing available to PRC individuals may further inhibit demand for residential developments.

 

Local government may issue further restrictive measures in the future.

 

In January 2011, the Shanghai municipal government put forward a local restrictive policy. The policy prohibits residential housing purchases for 1) non-local residents, who are not able to provide a local tax payment or social security payment certificate over one year within the most recent two years, 2) local resident, who is already in possession of two residential units. The policy also limits residential housing purchases for 1) non-local residents, who are able to provide local tax payment certificate over one year, to only one unit, 2) local residents, who are already in possession of only one residential unit, to one additional residential unit.

 

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In 2017, the Shanghai Municipal Construction and Construction Commission issued the Opinions on the Clarification of Commercial and Office Project (Document 2017 No. 400). This new regulation requires all commercial and office buildings be used in accordance to what it was originally intended when the project registered its plans. Our GXL project was inspected by the government and was found to be in accordance with our originally registered plan. However, as of June 14, 2019, we are waiting for the proper authority to allow continued selling of the units.

 

We cannot assure you that the local government in Shanghai or Jiangsu Province will not issue further restrictive measures in the future. The local government’s restrictive regulations and measures could increase our operating costs in adapting to these regulations and measures, limit our access to capital resources or even restrict our business operations, which could further adversely affect our business and prospects.

 

We face increasing competition, which may adversely affect our revenues, profitability and results of operations.

 

In recent years, a large number of property companies have begun undertaking property sales and investment projects in Yangtze Delta and elsewhere in the PRC. Some of these property companies may have better track records and greater financial and other resources than we do. The intensity of the competition may adversely affect our business and financial position. In addition, the real estate market in Yangtze Delta and elsewhere in the PRC is rapidly changing. If we cannot respond to the changes in the market conditions more swiftly or effectively than our competitors do, our business and financial position will be adversely affected.

 

If the availability or attractiveness of mortgage financing were significantly limited, many of our prospective customers would not be able to purchase the properties, thus adversely affecting our business and financial position.

 

Mortgages are becoming increasingly popular as a means of financing property purchases in the PRC. An increase in interest rates may significantly increase the cost of mortgage financing, thus reducing the affordability of mortgages as a source of financing for residential property purchases. The PRC government has increased the down payment requirements and imposed certain other conditions that make mortgage financing unavailable or unattractive for some potential property purchasers. There is no assurance that the down payment requirements and other conditions will not be further revised. If the availability or attractiveness of mortgage financing is further significantly limited, many of our prospective customers would not be able to purchase the properties and, as a result, our business and future prospects would be adversely affected.

 

Our future prospects are heavily dependent on the performance of property sectors in specific geographical areas.

 

The properties we resell and intend to invest in are mainly based in Yangtze Delta. Our future prospects are, therefore, heavily dependent on the continued growth of the property sector around Yangtze Delta, and our business may be affected by any adverse developments in the supply and demand or housing prices in the property sector around Yangtze Delta.

 

The current level of property development and investment activity in Yangtze Delta and other markets is substantial. However, there is no assurance that such property resale and investment activity in Yangtze Delta or any of our other markets will continue at this level in the future or that we will be able to benefit from the future growth of these property markets.

 

Our revenues and operating income could be reduced by adverse conditions specific to our property locations.

 

The properties we resell and intend to invest in are concentrated geographically and are located predominately in Yangtze Delta. As a result, our business and our financial operating results may be materially affected by adverse economic, weather or business conditions in this area. Adverse conditions that affect these areas such as economic recession, changes in extreme weather conditions and natural disasters, may have an adverse impact on our operations.

 

RISKS RELATING TO THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA

 

All of our current prospects and deals are generated in Mainland China; thus all of our revenues are derived from our operations in the PRC. Accordingly, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects are subject, to a significant extent, to economic, political and legal developments in the PRC.

 

PRC economic, political policies and social conditions could adversely affect our business.

 

The economy of PRC differs from the economies of most developed countries in a number of respects, including the amount of government involvement, level of development, growth rate and control of foreign exchange and allocation of resources.

 

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The PRC Government has been reforming the PRC economic system from planned economy to market oriented economy for more than 20 years, and has also begun reforming the government structure in recent years. These reforms have resulted in significant economic growth and social progress. Although we believe these reforms will have a positive effect on our overall and long-term development, we cannot predict whether any future changes in PRC’s political, economic and social conditions, laws, regulations and policies will have any adverse effect on our current or future business, results of operations or financial condition.

 

Changes in foreign exchange regulations may adversely affect our ability to pay dividends and could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Substantially all of our revenues and operating expenses are denominated in Renminbi. Conversion of Renminbi is under strict government regulation in the PRC. The Renminbi is currently freely convertible under the "current account", including trade and service related foreign exchange transactions and payment of dividends, but not under the "capital account", which includes foreign direct investment and loans. Under the existing foreign exchange regulations in the PRC, we will be able to pay dividends in foreign currencies without prior approval from the State Administration for Foreign Exchange by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, there is no assurance that the above foreign policies regarding payment of dividends in foreign currencies will continue in the future.

 

Fluctuation of the Renminbi could materially affect the value of, and dividends payable on, the common stock.

 

The value of the Renminbi is subject to changes in the PRC Government’s policies and depends to a large extent on China’s domestic and international economic and political developments, as well as supply and demand in the local market. Since 1994, the official exchange rate for the conversion of Renminbi to U.S. Dollars has generally been stable, and in 2005 the official exchange rate between U.S. Dollars and Renminbi had a little fluctuation. However, we cannot give any assurance that the value of the Renminbi will continue to remain stable against the U.S. Dollar or any other foreign currency. Since our income and profit are denominated in Renminbi, any devaluation of the Renminbi would adversely affect the value of, and dividends, if any, payable on, our shares in foreign currency terms.

 

Our operations could be adversely affected by changes in the political and economic conditions in the PRC. The PRC is our main market and accounted for all of our revenue. Therefore, we face risks related to conducting business in the PRC. Changes in the social, economic and political conditions of the PRC may adversely affect our business. Unfavorable changes in government policies, political unrest and economic developments may also have a negative impact on our operations.

 

Since the adoption of the “open door policy” in 1978 and the “socialist market economy” in 1993, the PRC government has been reforming and is expected to continue to reform its economic and political systems. Any changes in the political and economic policies of the PRC government may lead to changes in the laws and regulations or the interpretation of the same, as well as changes in the foreign exchange regulations, taxation and import and export restrictions, which may, in turn, adversely affect our financial performance. While the current policy of the PRC government seems to be one of imposing economic reform policies to encourage foreign investments and greater economic decentralization, we cannot assure that such a policy will continue to prevail in the future.

 

The PRC Legal System Embodies Uncertainties

 

The PRC legal system is a civil law system based on written statutes. Unlike common law systems, it is a system in which decided legal cases have little value as precedents. In 1979, the PRC Government began to promulgate a comprehensive system of laws and regulations governing economic matters in general. The overall effect of legislation over the past 28 years has significantly enhanced the protections afforded to various forms of foreign investment in Mainland China. Our PRC operating subsidiaries, wholly foreign-owned enterprises (“WFOEs”), are subject to laws and regulations applicable to foreign investment in the PRC in general and laws and regulations applicable to WFOEs in particular. However, these laws, regulations and legal requirements are constantly changing, and their interpretation and enforcement involve uncertainties. These uncertainties could limit the legal protections available to us and other foreign investors. In addition, we cannot predict the effect of future developments in the PRC legal system, including the promulgation of new laws, changes to existing laws or the interpretation or enforcement thereof, or the pre-emption of local regulations by national laws.

 

Our shareholders may not be able to enforce U.S. civil liabilities claims.

 

Our assets are located outside the United States and are held through subsidiaries incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands and the PRC. Our current operations are conducted in the PRC. In addition, our directors and officers are residents of the PRC. As a result, it may be difficult for shareholders to implement service of process on these individuals. In addition, there is uncertainty as to whether the courts of China would recognize or enforce judgments of United States courts obtained against the Company or such persons predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof, or be competent to hear original actions brought in these countries against us or such persons predicated upon the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTY

 

Our headquarter office space is located at 638 Hengfeng Road, 5A11 Floor, Shanghai, PRC. In February 2016, the office property at 25th floor of the same building was sold to SHDEW, an affiliate corporation. We also rent regional field support offices in various cities in Mainland China, including Shanghai, Suzhou, Linyi and Wuhan. We lease the facilities that house our regional field support offices. The terms of the leases do not contain rent escalation, contingent rent, renewal, or purchase options.

 

The Company also owns two floors and four units of the Sovereign Building in Suzhou, PRC. One floor is held for the Company’s own use, and the remaining properties are held for long term investment purposes.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Currently we are not a party to any legal proceeding that could reasonably be expected to have a material impact on our operations or finances. However, from time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in any such matter may harm our business. 

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Market system under the symbol “SRRE.” The following table sets forth the high and low quotations of our common stock reported by the OTC Market system for the periods indicated. Effective in March, 2011, quotations for our common stock were reported by the OTC Market system.

 

Over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down, or commissions, and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars based on Yahoo Finance)

 

   2018      2017 
   High   Low      High   Low 
First quarter  $0.30   $0.09   First quarter  $0.05   $0.01 
Second quarter  $0.34   $0.06   Second quarter  $0.01   $0.01 
Third quarter  $0.26   $0.22   Third quarter  $0.08   $0.01 
Fourth quarter  $1.00   $0.22   Fourth quarter  $0.11   $0.07 

 

As of July 24, 2019, we have approximately 601 record holders of our common stock. On December 31, 2018, the closing price of our common stock was $0.47.

 

No cash dividends were declared on our common stock in 2017. We declared a dividend of $0.1 per share to shareholders on record on December 28, 2018 that was payable on January 28, 2019.

 

The Company did not repurchase any of its outstanding equity securities nor have any sales of unregistered securities during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. (“SRRE”). MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our financial statements and the accompanying notes.

 

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OVERVIEW

 

In October 2004, the former shareholders of Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc. (Cayman Islands) (“CY-SRRE”) and LIN RAY YANG Enterprise Ltd. (“LRY”) acquired a majority of our voting interests in a share exchange. Before the completion of the share exchange, SRRE had no continuing operations, and its historical results would not be meaningful if combined with the historical results of CY-SRRE, LRY and their subsidiaries.

 

As a result of the acquisition, the former owners of CY-SRRE and LRY hold a majority interest in the combined entity. Generally accepted accounting principles require in certain circumstances that a company whose shareholders retain the majority voting interest in the combined business be treated as the acquirer for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, the acquisition has been accounted for as a “reverse acquisition” arrangement whereby CY-SRRE and LRY are deemed to have purchased SRRE. However, SRRE remains the legal entity and the Registrant for Securities and Exchange Commission reporting purposes. The historical financial statements prior to October 5, 2004 are those of CY-SRRE and LRY and their subsidiaries. All equity information and per share data prior to the acquisition have been restated to reflect the stock issuance as a recapitalization of CY-SRRE and LRY.

 

SRRE and its subsidiaries, namely, CY-SRRE, LRY, Shanghai Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SHXJY”), Shanghai Shang Yang Investment Management and Consulting Company Limited (“SHSY”), Suzhou Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZSY”), Suzhou Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZXJY”), Linyi Rui Lin Construction and Design Company Limited (“LYRL”), Linyi Shang Yang Real Estate Development Company Limited (“LYSY”), Shangqiu Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SQSY”), Wuhan Gao Feng Hui Consultation Company Limited (“WHGFH”), Sanya Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SYSY”), Shanghai Rui Jian Design Company Limited (“SHRJ”), Putian Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“PTXJY”), and its equity investments in affiliates, namely Wuhan Yuan Yu Long Real Estate Development Company Limited (“WHYYL”), Shanghai Xin Xing Yang Real Estate Brokerage Company Limited (“SHXXY”) and Xin Guang Investment Management and Consulting Company Limited (“XG”) are sometimes hereinafter collectively referred to as “the Company,” “our” or “us”.

 

The principal activities of the Company are real estate agency sales, real estate marketing services, real estate investments, property leasing services and property management services in the PRC.

 

RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS INCLUDED IN THIS FORM 10-K

 

In addition to historical information, this Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs and expectations, information currently available to us, estimates and projections about our industry, and certain assumptions made by our management. These statements are not historical facts. We use words such as "anticipates", "expects", "intends", "plans", "believes", "seeks", "estimates", and similar expressions to identify our forward-looking statements, which include, among other things, our anticipated revenue and cost of our agency and investment business.

 

Because we are unable to control or predict many of the factors that will determine our future performance and financial results, including future economic, competitive, and market conditions, our forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. They are subject to risks, uncertainties, and errors in assumptions that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in our forward-looking statements. We believe that the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable. However, the investor should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. They only reflect our view and expectations as of the date of this Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement in light of new information, future events, or other occurrences.

 

There are several risks and uncertainties, including those relating to our ability to raise money and grow our business and potential difficulties in integrating new acquisitions with our current operations, especially as they pertain to foreign markets and market conditions. These risks and uncertainties can materially affect the results predicted. The Company’s future operating results over both the short and long term will be subject to annual and quarterly fluctuations due to several factors, some of which are outside our control. These factors include but are not limited to fluctuating market demand for our services, and general economic conditions.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, “Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The amendments in this ASU, among other things, required that equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. This ASU also simplified the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. When a qualitative assessment indicates that impairment exists, an entity is required to measure the investment at fair value. For public business entities, the amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We have adopted the amendments in this ASU on January 1, 2018 and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

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In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes and replaces nearly all existing GAAP revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The authoritative guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The five steps are: (i) identify the contract with the customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) recognize revenue when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. The authoritative guidance applies to all contracts with customers except those that are within the scope of other topics in the FASB ASC. The authoritative guidance requires significantly expanded disclosures about revenue recognition and was initially effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within these fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2016. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date.” This standard defers for one year the effective date of ASU 2014-09. The Company adopted ASC 606 from January 1, 2018. The adoption had no material impact on the Group’s in previous years’ retained earnings and the Group’s accompanying consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) Clarifying the Definition of a Business. The amendments in this update clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions or disposals of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and should be applied prospectively on or after the effective date. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 with no material impact in its consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires restricted cash to be presented with cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows and disclosure of how the statement of cash flows reconciles to the balance sheet if restricted cash is shown separately from cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-18 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 on a retrospective basis. The adoption of this standard does not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, but resulted in restricted cash being included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-year and end-of-year total amounts shown on the statements of cash flows. As a result of this ASU adoption, the impact of the retrospective reclassification on cash flow of financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2018 were an increase of $722,337 and an increase of $552,505, respectively.

 

In August, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force). The ASU is intended to reduce diversity in practice in the presentation and classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments by providing guidance on eight specific cash flow issues. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted, including adoption during an interim period. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 with no material impact in its consolidated financial statements.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which introduces a new standard related to leases to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by requiring the recognition of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. Most prominent among the changes in the standard is the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under current U.S. GAAP. Under the standard, disclosures are required to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cashflows arising from leases. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, and provided another transition method by allowing entities to initially apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The ASU will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have in its consolidated financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326)”, which requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost. This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early application will be permitted for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have in its consolidated financial statements.

 

APPLICATION OF CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements. These financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of our assets and liabilities and revenues and expenses, to disclose contingent assets and liabilities on the date of the consolidated financial statements, and to disclose the reported amounts of revenues and expenses incurred during the financial reporting period. The most significant estimates and assumptions include the collection of accounts receivable, and the useful lives and impairment of property and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets, the valuation of deferred tax assets and inventories and the provisions for income taxes. We continue to evaluate these estimates and assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. We rely on these evaluations as the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Since the use of estimates is an integral component of the financial reporting process, actual results could differ from those estimates. Some of our accounting policies require higher degrees of judgment than others in their application. We believe critical accounting policies as disclosed in this Form 10-K reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements. We believe there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates.

 

The following critical accounting policies rely upon assumptions and estimates and were used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Most of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales in the PRC. The majority of the Company’s contracts contain a single performance obligation involving significant real estate development activities that are performed together to deliver a real estate property to customers. Revenues arising from real estate sales are recognized when or as the control of the asset is transferred to the customer. The control of the asset may transfer over time or at a point in time. For the sales of individual condominium units in a real estate development project, the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date, revenue is recognized over time by measuring the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. Otherwise, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the asset.

 

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All revenues represent gross revenues less sales and business tax.

 

ASC 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contract(s) which include (i) identifying the contract(s) with the customer, (ii) identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determining the transaction price, (iv) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (v) recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. ASC 606 also specifies the accounting for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract and the costs directly related to fulfilling a contract. In addition, ASC 606 requires extensive disclosures.

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach with no restatement of comparative periods and no cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from development and sales of condominium real estate property in the PRC, with revenue previously recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Real Estate Property Under Development

 

Real estate property under development, which consists of residential unit sites and commercial and residential unit sites under development, is stated at the lower of carrying amounts or fair value less selling costs.

 

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, pre-development costs and engineering costs, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales value of units to the estimated total sales value times the total project costs.

 

Costs of amenities transferred to buyers are allocated as common costs of the project that are allocated to specific units as a component of total construction costs. For amenities retained by the Company, costs in excess of the related fair value of the amenity are also treated as common costs. Results of operations of amenities retained by the Company are included in current operating results.

 

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment” (“ASC 360”), real estate property under development is subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets.

 

There is no impairment of real estate property under development during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC 360, "Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets", the Company is required to review its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. Whenever any such impairment exists, an impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value.

 

The Company tests long-lived assets, including property and equipment, investment properties and other assets, for recoverability when events or circumstances indicate that the net carrying amount is greater than its fair value. Assets are grouped and evaluated at the lowest level for their identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets. The Company considers historical performance and future estimated results in its evaluation of potential impairment and then compares the carrying amount of the asset to the future estimated cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. The estimation of fair value is generally determined by using the asset's expected future discounted cash flows or market value. The Company estimates fair value of the assets based on certain assumptions such as budgets, internal projections, and other available information as considered necessary. There is no impairment of long-lived assets during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

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We had a dispute with the construction contractor, Hubei Fifth Construction Company, (“HFCC”) that was settled in August 2017. We have begun the handover process.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”), which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

The Company recognizes tax benefits that satisfy a greater than 50% probability threshold and provides for the estimated impact of interest and penalties for such tax benefits. The Company did not incur any interest or penalties related to potential underpaid income tax expenses during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Government Subsidies

 

Government subsidies include cash subsidies received by the Company’s subsidiaries in the PRC from local governments.

 

In recognizing the benefit of government subsidies in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company considers intended use of and restrictions of the subsidy, the requirements for the receipt of funds, and whether or not the incentive is given for immediate financial support, or to encourage activities such as land development in specified area. Each grant is evaluated to determine the propriety of classification on the consolidated statements of operations and consolidated balance sheets. Those grants that are substantively reimbursements of specified costs are matched with those costs and recorded as a reduction in costs. Those benefits that are more general in nature or driven by business performance measures are classified as revenue.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the balance of deferred government subsidy was $4,829,440 (2017: $5,072,605). The subsidy is given to reimburse the land acquisition costs and certain construction costs incurred for the Company’s property development project and are repayable if the Company fails to complete the subsidized property development project by the agreed date. The Company recorded the subsidy received as a deferred government subsidy

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

We provide the following discussion and analyses of our changes in financial condition and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2018 with comparisons to the historical year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Net Revenues

 

The following table shows the detail for net revenues by line of business:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   % to total   2017   % to total   % change 
Agency sales   763,622    9    1,233,006    4    (38)
Property management   697,760    9    714,621    3    (2)
House sales   6,782,184    82    23,382,975    85    (71)
Service sales   -         2,225,243    8    (100)
Net revenues   8,243,566    100    27,555,845    100    (70)

 

The net revenue for 2018 was $8,243,566, a decrease of 70% from $27,555,845 in 2017. In 2018, agency sales represented 9%, property management represented 9%, house sales represented 82% of total net revenue. The decrease in 2018 is mainly due to the lower proportion of net revenue recognized for the Linyi project.

 

Agency Sales

 

In 2018, 9% of our net revenue was derived from agency sales, which was primarily from the business activities of SHXJY, SHSY and their subsidiaries and branches. As compared with 2017, net revenue of agency sales in 2018 decreased by 38%. The decrease is mainly due to less sales collection of projects during this year.

 

 22 

 

 

Government policies enacted in 2018 as well as similar subsequent policies aiming to stabilize real estate prices affected many businesses in the real estate industry. These restrictive policies had a substantial effect in our agency sales revenue. We are continually seeking stable growth in our agency sales business in 2019. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so.

 

Property Management

 

Property management represented 9% of our revenue in year of 2018 and revenue from property management decreased by 1% compared with same period in 2017.

 

House Sales

 

House sales represented 82% of our revenue in year of 2018. The company has recognized a proportion of net revenue from Linyi project.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

The following table shows the Cost of Revenues detail by line of business:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   % to total   2017   % to total   % change 
Agency sales   374,147    6    623,253    3    (40)
Property management   474,820    7    495,124    2    (4)
House sales   5,840,978    87    21,445,775    95    (72)
Cost of revenues   6,689,945    100    22,574,152    100    (70)

 

The cost of revenues for 2018 was $6,689,945. this was decrease of 70% from $22,574,152 for 2017. In 2018, agency sales represented 6% of total cost of revenues, property management represented 7%, house sales represented 87%. The decrease in cost of revenues is mainly due to the reduction in recognition of cost of revenue of house sales from Linyi project at a certain proportion.

 

Agency Sales

 

As compared with 2017, cost of agency sales in 2018 decreased by 40%. The decrease is mainly due to fewer sales project operation of projects during this year.

 

Property Management

 

The cost of revenue from property management for 2018 was $474,820, a decrease from $495,124 for 2017.

 

Service Sales

 

In 2018, there was no cost of revenues attributable to service sales.

 

House Sales

 

House sales represented 87% of our cost of revenue in year of 2018. The company have recognized its cost of revenue from Linyi project at a certain proportion.

 

Operating Expenses

 

The following table shows operating expenses detailed by line of business:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   % to total   2017   % to total   % change 
Agency sales   256,839    14    449,455    38    (42)
Property management   675,514    37    250,078    21    170 
House sales   905,105    49    485,170    41    86 
Service Sales   -    0    374    -    (100)
Operating expenses   1,837,458    100    1,185,078    100    55 

 

 23 

 

 

The operating expenses for 2018 were $1,837,458, an increase from $1,185,078 in 2017. In 2018, the expenses related to house sales represented 49% of the total operating expenses, agency sales represented 14%, property management represented 37% and service sales represented 0%, respectively.

 

Agency Sales

 

Compared to 2017, the operating expenses for agency sales decreased by 42% in 2018. The primary reason for the decrease in 2018 was a decrease in staff costs and service expense.

 

Property Management

 

Compared to 2017, the operating expenses for property management increased by 170% compared to the amount in 2018.The primary reason for the increase is due to relevant consulting service costs.

 

House sales

 

The operating expenses related to our house sales business in 2018 increased by 86% compared to 2017. This increase was mainly due to the increase in our sales promotion activities in GXL project and Linyi project.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

The general and administrative expenses in 2018 were $2,920,376, a 20% decrease from $3,654,667 in 2017. The primary reason for the decrease was a decrease in staff costs and consulting service expenses.

 

Operating Loss

 

In 2018, we had an operating loss of $3,204,213, representing a decreased profit from an operating gain of $141,948 in 2017.

 

The decrease in profit was mainly due to the recognition of net revenue and cost of revenue from Linyi project at a certain proportion compared to 2017.

 

Interest Expense

 

Compared to 2017, the interest expense in 2018 increased by 405% to $2,142,282 The increase in interest expense is mainly due to the interest payments from loans to affiliates.

 

Equity Income (Loss) of Affiliate

 

Equity in net gain for the year of 2018 was $53,323,968, decreased 19% from $66,234,367 for the same period in 2017. The equity in net income (loss) of an affiliate was from investment in WHYYL and SHDEW. The decrease was mainly due to equity gain of SHDEW.

 

Major Related Party Transaction

 

A related party is an entity that can control or significantly influence the management or operating policies of another entity to the extent one of the entities may be prevented from pursuing its own interests. A related party may also be any party the entity deals with that can exercise that control.

 

Interest Cost to Affiliates

 

The Company had received dividend from SHDEW with the amount of $71,336,614 during the year ended December 31, 2018. There was an interest expense of $2,142,282 mainly due to the interest payments on loans from affiliates.

 

Amount Due To Directors

 

The amounts due to directors as of December 31, 2018 were $1,767,609. The amounts due are as follows:

 

Amount Due To Lin Chi-Jung

 

The amount due to Lin Chi-Jung as of December 31, 2018 was $1,769,484 which is unpaid interest.

 

 24 

 

 

Amount Due to Pan Yu-Jen

 

The balance due from Pan Yu-Jen as of December 31, 2018 was $58,284, which is unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed term of repayment.

 

Amount Due To Lin Hsin Hung

 

The balance due to Lin Hsin Hung as of December 31, 2018 was $56,407, which is unsecured, interest-free and has no fixed term of repayment.

 

Amount Due From An Unconsolidated Affiliates

 

Advances to the unconsolidated affiliate, WHYYL, as of December 31, 2018 amounted to $2,686,498, which no longer charged interest since September 1, 2014.

 

Advances to the unconsolidated affiliate, HATX, as of December 31, 2018 amounted to $3,260,724, which is a property project company considered to be acquired with significant equities.

 

Amount Due to Affiliates

 

As of December 31, 2018, the amount due to JXSY, in the amount of $513,551, was intercompany transfers for day to day operation.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

In 2018, our principal sources of cash were revenues from our agency sales, receipts in advance from real estate development projects and property management business, as well as the dividend distribution, advances and intercompany transfers from our affiliates. Most of our cash resources were used to fund our property development investment and revenue related expenses, such as salaries and commissions paid to the sales force, daily administrative expenses and the maintenance of regional offices.

 

We ended the period with a cash position of $17,656,361.

 

Net cash provided in the Company’s operating activities in 2018 was $17,618,818, representing an increase of receipts in cash in the amount of $2,765,946 as compared to the cash received for 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to the decrease in cash used in payment to the unconsolidated affiliates in the amount of $48,565,445.

 

Net cash provided by the Company’s investment activities was $42,842,934, representing a decrease of $7,850,733 as compared to the cash received in investing activities for 2017. The increase in cash from investment activities was primarily attributable to the increase in cash provided in dividend distribution from SHDEW, an affiliate, of $13,890,653 in 2018. The Company also invested a total of $28,389,144 in short term bank wealth management products with varying terms and rates of return.

 

Net cash used by the Company’s financing activities was $20,474,314, representing a decrease from $37,440,984 in 2017. This decrease was primarily attributable to repayments to an affiliate of $25,302,148 and no new bank loans in 2018.

 

The cash needs for 2019 were for the funds required to finance the Company’s future projects in property agency and real estate developments.

 

If our business otherwise grows more rapidly than we currently predict, we plan to raise funds through the issuance of additional shares of our equity securities in one or more public or private offerings. We will also consider raising funds through credit facilities obtained with lending institutions and affiliates, as we have done previously, but there can be no guarantee that we will be able to obtain such funds through the issuance of debt or equity with terms satisfactory to management and our board of directors.

 

Management believes that the Company will generate sufficient cash flows to fund its operations and to meet its obligations on a timely basis for the next twelve months by successfully implementing its business plans, obtaining continued support from its lenders to roll over debts when they became due, and securing additional financing as needed. Based upon the equity income generated by SHDEW in 2018, we expect a substantial cash dividend from SHDEW in 2019, which will be our principal source of liquidity. We have been able to secure new bank lines of credit from banks and secure additional loans from affiliates to fund our operations to date. However, if events or circumstances occur such that the Company is unable to successfully implement its business plans, fails to obtain continued support from its lenders or to secure additional financing, the Company may be required to suspend operations or cease business entirely.

 

Indebtedness

 

The Company’s indebtedness is described under “Note 12-Promissory Notes Payable” and “Note 13- Amounts Due to Directors” to the Company’s accompanying consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 in Item 8.

 

 25 

 

 

Promissory Notes – As of December 31, 2018, the Company had an aggregate amount due under outstanding promissory notes to parties other than banks in the amount of $1,457,046 bearing interest at a rate of 0%. The interest expense on promissory notes amounted to $NIL and $NIL as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Advances from Officers and Directors - The Company has also financed its operations in part with advances from officers and directors. At December 31, 2018, the Company had loans with unpaid principals and interest expenses as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 totaling $1,767,609 and $5,263,171, respectively. The balances are unsecured and interest bearing at rates ranging from 18% to 30% per annum.

 

The interest expense on amounts due to directors, which amount is entirely due to Lin Chi-Jung, amounted to $NIL and $NIL for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Amount due to affiliates - As of December 31, 2018, the amount due to JXSY, in the amount of $513,551, was intercompany transfers for day to day operation.

 

OFF BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

 

We do not have any outstanding derivative financial instruments, off-balance sheet guarantees, interest rate swap transactions or foreign currency forward contracts. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or that engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISKS

 

Not applicable.

 

 26 

 

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTSAND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

    Page
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   28
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017   29
     

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

  30
     
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017   31
     
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017   32
     

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

  33 - 34
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   35 – 50

 

 27 

 

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and
Stockholders of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two years’ period ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two years’ period ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ RH CPA
   
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.
   
Bayside, NY
   
August 16, 2019  

 

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SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
ASSETS          
           
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $17,656,165   $5,869,944 
Restricted cash (Note 3)   1,550,988    1,068,805 
Transactional financial assets (Note 4)   49,451,172    23,152,639 
Accounts receivable, net   234,358    350,524 
Promissory deposits (Note 5)   114,751    120,529 
Real estate property under development (Note 6)   64,423,978    67,974,281 
Amount due from unconsolidated affiliates (Note 10)   5,818,440    2,686,498 
Other receivables and deposits, net (Note 7)   8,775,153    6,719,078 
Total current assets   148,025,005    107,942,298 
           
Property and equipment, net (Note 8)   1,098,842    1,283,901 
Investment properties, net (Note 9)   3,707,480    4,255,265 
Deferred tax assets   -    591,300 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates (Note 10)   30,857,551    50,677,228 
Other investments, net (Note 11)   145,705    153,041 
Total assets  $183,834,583   $164,903,033 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
Current liabilities          
Promissory notes payable (Note 12)   1,457,046    1,530,409 
Amounts due to directors (Note 13)   1,767,609    5,263,171 
Accounts payable (Note14)   5,268,437    3,767,578 
Customer deposits (Note 15)   40,698,987    41,468,361 
Amount due to an affiliate (Note 16)   513,551    18,579,652 
Dividends payables   6,869,193    - 
Other payables and accrued expenses (Note 17)   929,941    961,235 
Other taxes payable   214,502    261,633 
Income Taxes payable (Note 18)   730,051    776,110 
Total current liabilities   58,449,317    72,608,149 
           
Long-term income tax payable (Note 18)   3,278,403    3,623,499 
Deferred government subsidy (Note 19)   4,829,440    5,072,605 
           
Total liabilities   66,557,160    81,304,253 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 21)          
           
Stockholders’ equity          
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 200,000,000 shares Authorized; 68,691,925 and 68,691,925 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively   686,919    686,919 
Additional paid-in capital   7,570,008    7,570,008 
Statutory reserve (Note 20)   3,194,604    931,510 
Retained earnings   106,727,898    68,975,118 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   -2,790,200    3,095,469 
Total equity of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.   115,389,229    81,259,024 
Non-controlling interests   1,888,194    2,339,756 
Total stockholders’ equity   117,277,423    83,598,780 
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $183,834,583   $164,903,033 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 29 

 

 

SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Net revenues  $8,243,566   $27,555,845 
Cost of revenues   (6,689,945)   (22,574,152)
Gross profit   1,553,621    4,981,693 
           
Operating expenses   (1,837,458)   (1,185,078)
General and administrative expenses   (2,920,376)   (3,654,667)
Operating profit (loss)   (3,204,213)   141,948 
           
Other income (expenses)          
Interest income   42,218    39,469 
Interest expense   (2,142,282)   (423,864)
Other income (loss)   87,393    1,019,588 
Equity income (loss) of affiliates   53,323,968    66,234,367 
Total Other Income (Expenses)   51,311,297    66,869,560 
           
Income (Loss) before income taxes   48,107,084    67,011,508 
Income taxes (Note 19)   (1,573,573)   (4,144,726)
Net income   46,533,511    62,866,782 
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests   351,555    (212,152)
Net income attributable to stockholders of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.  $46,885,066   $62,654,630 
           
Earnings per share - basic and fully diluted  $0.68   $0.91 
           
Weighted average common shares outstanding        
-       Basic and fully diluted    68,691,925    68,691,925 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Net income  $46,533,511   $62,866,782 
           
Other comprehensive income          
-       Foreign currency translation adjustment   (5,985,676)   3,195,953 
Total comprehensive income (loss)   40,547,835    66,062,735 
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests   451,562    (786,711)
           
Total comprehensive income attributable to stockholders of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.  $40,999,397   $65,276,024 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 31 

 

 

SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   Common Stock                     
   Number of
shares issued
   Amount  

Additional

 Paid-in
Capital

   Statutory
Reserve
  

Retained
Earnings
(Deficits)

  

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive
Income

   Non-controlling
Interests
  

Total

Stockholders’

 (Deficit)
Equity

 
                                 
Balance, January 1, 2017   68,691,925   $686,919   $7,570,008   $938,128   $5,831,320   $474,073   $1,566,072   $17,066,522 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    -          
Shares issued                                      - 
Surplus reserve                  (6,618)   6,618              - 
Profit (loss) for the year                       62,654,630         212,152    62,866,782 
Deconsolidation of subsidiary                       482,550         (13,027)   469,523 
Cash dividends paid to non-controlling interests   -    -    -    -    -    -         - 
Capital contribution from non-controlling interests of new consolidated subsidiaries   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Translation of foreign operations   -    -    -    -    -    2,621,396    574,559    3,195,953 
Balance, December 31, 2017   68,691,925    686,919    7,570,008    931,510    68,975,118    3,095,469    2,339,756    83,598,780 
Shares issued   -    -    -                        - 
Surplus reserve                  2,263,094    (2,263,094)        -    - 
Accrual dividend                       (6,869,193)             (6,869,193)
Profit (loss) for the year                       46,885,066         (351,555)   46,533,511 
Deconsolidation of subsidiary                                        
Cash dividends to non-controlling interest                                 -    - 
Capital contribution from non-controlling interests of new consolidated Subsidiaries   -    -    -    -    -         -    - 
Translation of foreign Operations   -    -    -    -    -    (5,885,669)   (100,007)   (5,985,676)
Balance, December 31, 2018   68,691,925   $686,919   $7,570,008   $3,194,604   $106,727,898   $(2,790,200)  $1,888,194   $117,277,423 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 32 

 

 

SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   Years ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income (loss)  $46,533,511   $62,866,782 
           
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities          
Depreciation and amortization   480,020    503,790 
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment   4,118    38,994 
           
Bad debt   72,093    90,603 
Equity in net loss (gain) of unconsolidated affiliates   18,012,647    (68,493,355)
Impairment loss on Real estate property under development   -    426,984 
Changes in assets and liabilities          
Accounts receivable   102,918    586,530 
Promissory deposits   -    65,259 
Real estate property under development   302,275    12,560,521 
Customer deposits   1,262,088    (15,642,207)
Amount due from unconsolidated affiliates   (74,714,016)   372,197 
Other receivables and deposits   (2,535,357)   (560,972)
Deferred tax assets   583,099    - 
Accounts payable   1,741,632    1,093,145 
Other payables and accrued expenses   15,314    (752,517)
Taxes payable   (354,268)   4,063,835 
Other Tax payable   (35,827)   14,465 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   (8,529,753)   (2,765,946)
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Acquisition of property, plant and equipment   (4,536)   (15,723)
Transactional financial assets   (28,389,144)   (22,438,037)
Dividend distribution of affiliates   71,336,614    57,445,961 
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment   -    - 
Net cash provided by investing activities   42,942,934    34,992,201 
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Repayments of bank loans        (15,710,845)
Advances from directors   502,493    7,945,377 
Repayments of advances from directors   (3,819,422)   (9,122,540)
Advances from an affiliate   8,144,763    45,581,379 
Repayments to an affiliate   (25,302,148)   (65,231,905)
Proceeds from promissory notes   -    - 
Repayments of promissory notes   -    (180,113)
Net cash (used in) financing activities   (20,474,314)   (36,718,647)
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (1,670,463)   2,433,115 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   12,268,404    (2,059,277)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of year   6,938,749    8,998,026 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of year  $19,207,153   $6,938,749 

 

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SUNRISE REAL ESTATE GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(CONTINUED)

(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)

 

   Years ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information          
Income taxes paid  $1,079,478   $173,510 
Interest paid   917,268    672,424 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. (“SRRE”) and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “the Company”, “our” or “us”) was incorporated in Texas on October 10, 1996, under the name of Parallax Entertainment, Inc. (“Parallax”). On December 12, 2003, Parallax changed its name to Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc. On April 25, 2006, Sunrise Estate Development Group, Inc. filed Articles of Amendment with the Texas Secretary of State, changing its name to Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc., effective May 23, 2006.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company has the following major subsidiaries and equity investments.

 

Company Name  Date of
Incorporation
  Place of
Incorporation
  % of
Ownership
held by the
Company
   Relationship
with the
Company
  Principal activity
Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc. (“CY-SRRE”)  April 30, 2004  Cayman Islands   100%  Subsidiary  Investment holding
Lin Ray Yang Enterprise Limited (“LRY”)  November 13, 2003  British Virgin Islands   100%  Subsidiary  Investment holding
Shanghai XinJi Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SHXJY”)  August 20, 2001  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Shanghai Shang Yang Investment Management Consultation Company Limited (“SHSY”)  February 5, 2004  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Suzhou Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZSY”)  November 24, 2006  PRC   75.25%1  Subsidiary  Property brokerage and management services
Suzhou Xi Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SZXJY”)  June 25, 2004  PRC   75%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Linyi Shangyang Real Estate Development Company Limited (“LYSY”)  October 13, 2011  PRC   24%2  Subsidiary  Real estate development
Shangqiu Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SQSY”)  October 20, 2010  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Wuhan GaoFengHui Consultation Company Limited (“WHGFH”)  November 10, 2010  PRC   60%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Sanya Shang Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited (“SYSY”)  September 18, 2008  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Shanghai RuiJian Design Company Limited (“SHRJ”)  August 15, 2011  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Linyi Rui Lin Construction and Design Company Limited (“LYRL”)  March 6, 2012  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Investment holding

 

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Company Name  Date of
Incorporation
  Place of
Incorporation
  % of
Ownership
held by the
Company
   Relationship
with the
Company
  Principal activity
Shanghai XinJi Yang Real Estate Brokerage Company Limited (“SHXJYB”)  January 28, 2013  PRC   75%3  Subsidiary  Property brokerage services
Wuhan Yuan Yu Long Real Estate Development Company Limited (“WHYYL”)  December 28, 2009  PRC   49%  Equity investment  Real estate development
Shanghai Xin Xing Yang Real Estate Brokerage Company Limited (“SHXXY”)  September 28, 2011  PRC   40%  Equity investment  Property brokerage services
Xin Guang Equity Investment Management (Shanghai) Company Limited (“SHXG”)  December 17, 2012  PRC   49%  Equity investment  Equity investment and consultancy
Shanghai Da Er Wei Trading Company Limited (“SHDEW”)  June 6, 2013  PRC   20.63%4  Equity investment  Import and export trading
Shanghai HuiTian (“SHHT”)  July 25, 2014  PRC   100%  Subsidiary  Investment holding
Huaian Zhanbao Industrial Co., Ltd  December 6, 2018  PRC   60%  Subsidiary  Investment holding

 

1.After an equity transaction in February 2015, the Company held equity in subsidiaries of SZSY as follows: SZXJY 49%, SHXJY 26% and Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc. (CY-SRRE) 12.5%, totaling a 75.25% equity interest in SZSY.
2.The Company and a shareholder of LYSY, which holds a 51% equity interest in LYSY, entered into a voting agreement whereby the Company is entitled to exercise the voting rights in respect of her 51% equity interest in LYSY. The Company effectively holds 75% voting rights in LYSY and as a result considers LYSY to be a subsidiary of the Company.
3.On January 28, 2013, CY-SRRE, SZXJY and an unrelated party established a subsidiary in the PRC, SHXJYB, with CY-SRRE holding a 15% equity interest and SZXJY holding a 60% equity interest in SHXYJB.
4. On June 20, 2018 and December 16, 2018, SHDEW sold additional shares of capital stock to increase its registered capital, which diluted the Company’s equity interest in SHDEW from 23.08% to 20.63%.

 

CY-SRRE was established in the Cayman Islands on April 30, 2004 as a limited liability company. CY-SRRE was wholly owned by Ace Develop Properties Limited (“Ace Develop”), a corporation, of which Lin Chi-Jung, an individual, is the principal and controlling shareholder. SHXJY was established in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) on August 20, 2001 as a limited liability company. SHXJY was originally owned by a Taiwanese company, of which the principal and controlling shareholder was Lin Chi-Jung. On June 8, 2004, all the fully paid up capital of SHXJY was transferred to CY-SRRE. On June 25, 2004, SHXJY and two individuals established a subsidiary, SZXJY in the PRC, at which point in time, SHXJY held a 90% equity interest in SZXJY. On August 9, 2005, SHXJY sold a 10% equity interest in SZXJY to a company owned by a director of SZXJY and transferred a 5% equity interest in SZXJY to CY-SRRE. Following the disposal and the transfer, CY-SRRE effectively held an 80% equity interest in SZXJY.

 

LRY was established in the British Virgin Islands on November 13, 2003 as a limited liability company. LRY was owned by Ace Develop, Planet Technology Corporation (“Planet Tech”) and Systems & Technology Corporation (“Systems Tech”). On February 5, 2004, LRY established a wholly owned subsidiary, SHSY in the PRC as a limited liability company.

 

On August 31, 2004, SRRE, CY-SRRE and Lin Chi-Jung, an individual and agent for the beneficial shareholder of CY-SRRE, i.e., Ace Develop, entered into an exchange agreement under which SRRE issued 5,000,000 shares of common stock to the beneficial shareholder or its designees, in exchange for all outstanding capital stock of CY-SRRE. The transaction closed on October 5, 2004. Lin Chi-Jung is Chairman of the Board of Directors of SRRE, the President of CY-SRRE and the principal and controlling shareholder of Ace Develop.

 

Also on August 31, 2004, SRRE, LRY and Lin Chi-Jung, an individual and agent for beneficial shareholders of LRY, i.e., Ace Develop, Planet Tech and SystemsTech, entered into an exchange agreement under which SRRE issued 10,000,000 shares of common stock to the beneficial shareholders, or their designees, in exchange for all outstanding capital stock of LRY. The transaction was closed on October 5, 2004. Lin Chi-Jung is Chairman of the Board of Directors of SRRE, the President of LRY and the principal and controlling shareholder of Ace Develop. Regarding the 10,000,000 shares of common stock of SRRE issued in this transaction, SRRE issued 8,500,000 shares to Ace Develop, 750,000 shares to Planet Tech and 750,000 shares to Systems Tech.

 

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As a result of the acquisition, the former owners of CY-SRRE and LRY hold a majority interest in the combined entity. Generally accepted accounting principles require in certain circumstances that a company whose shareholders retain the majority voting interest in the combined business be treated as the acquirer for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, the acquisition has been accounted for as a “reverse acquisition” arrangement whereby CY-SRRE and LRY are deemed to have purchased SRRE. However, SRRE remains the legal entity and the Registrant for Securities and Exchange Commission reporting purposes. All shares and per share data prior to the acquisition have been restated to reflect the stock issuance as a recapitalization of CY-SRRE and LRY.

 

On January 10, 2005, LRY and a PRC third party established a subsidiary, SZGFH, a limited liability company in the PRC, with LRY holding 80% of the equity interest in SZGFH. On May 8, 2006, LRY acquired 20% of the equity interest in SZGFH from the third party. Following the acquisition, LRY effectively held 100% of the equity interest in SZGFH. The Company sold SZGFH in 2017.

 

On November 24, 2006, CY-SRRE, SHXJY, a shareholder of SZXJY and a third party established a subsidiary, SZSY in the PRC, with CY-SRRE holding a12.5% equity interest, SHXJY holding a 26% equity interest and the shareholder of SZXJY holding a 12.5% equity interest in SZSY. At the date of incorporation, SRRE and the shareholder of SZXJY entered into a voting agreement that SRRE is entitled to exercise the voting right in respect of its 12.5% equity interest in SZSY. Following that, SRRE effectively holds 51% of the voting rights in SZSY.

 

On September 24, 2007, CY-SRRE sold a 5% equity interest in SZXJY to a company owned by a director of SZXJY. Following the disposal, CY-SRRE effectively holds a 75% equity interest in SZXJY.

 

In January 2011, SYSY acquired 49% equity interest in a project company in the PRC, WHYYL to expand its operations to real estate development business. WHYYL is developing a real estate project in Wuhan, the PRC on a parcel of land covering approximately 27,950 square meters with an estimated construction period of 3 years. The Company accounts for this investment using the equity method.

 

On September 28, 2011, SRRE and four individual investors established a company, SHXXY, in the PRC to provide real estate brokerage services. SRRE holds a 40% equity interest in SHXXY.

 

On October 13, 2011, SHXJY, four individual investors and an unrelated company established a project company in the PRC, namely LYSY to develop villa style residential housing buildings with an estimated construction period of 4 years. SHXJY holds 24% equity interest in LYSY. At the date of its incorporation, SRRE and an individual shareholder holding 51% equity interest in LYSY entered into a voting agreement that the Company is entitled to exercise the voting right of her 51% equity interest in LYSY. The Company effectively holds 75% voting rights in LYSY and considers LYSY as a subsidiary of the Company.

 

On March 6, 2012, SHXJY established a subsidiary in the PRC - LYRL. The equity interest in LYRL is held by three Chinese individuals in trust for SHXJY. At the date of its incorporation, SHXJY transferred its 24% equity interest in LYSY to LYRL. On August 2014, all the equity interest in LYRL was transferred to SHRJ.

 

On December 17, 2012, LRY, together with two corporate investors, established a company, SHXG, in the PRC to provide investment management and consulting services. LRY holds a 49% equity interest SHXG. SHXG has not commenced its operations.

 

On June 6, 2013, SHSY and LYRL together with 4 investors established a company, Shanghai Daerwei (“SHDEW”), in the PRC focusing on the cosmetics and skincare business. SHSY holds a 13.07% equity interest and LYRL holds a 7.56% equity interest in SHDEW. For the year ended December 31, 2018, SHDEW had a net profit of $287,627,574.

 

On July 25, August 19 and October 15, 2014 respectively, the Company established three investment holding company separately, namely SHHT, SHSYTX and SZSYHT. These three company were wholly owned subsidiary to the Company and have not commenced their operations. In the year 2017, SHSYTX has transferred its shares of 76.92% to other shareholders and SZSYHT has transferred its 100% shares to other shareholders as well.

 

On December 6, 2018, the Company established 60% ownership of an investment holding company, Huaian Zhanbao (“HAZB”), for the purpose of possible future real estate development project in Huaian. In March 2019, HAZB purchased 100% of Huaian Tianxi Real Estate Development (“Huaian Tianxi”) for $0 from SHDEW. The Company, indirectly through Huaian Tianxi, holds a property of 78,027 sqm with an above-ground constructible area of 195,000 sqm.

 

The principal activities of the Company are property brokerage services, including property marketing, leasing and management services, and real estate development in the PRC.

 

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Accounting and Principles of Consolidation

 

The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

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The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated on consolidation.

 

Investments in business entities, in which the Company does not have control but can exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for using the equity method.

 

Certain amounts presented in the consolidated financial statements of 2017 have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation to facilitate comparison, including the addition of restricted cash to cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated statements of cash flows as a result of the adoption of new accounting guidance of ASU 2016-18.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). It clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

 

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions on what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

 

The Company values its investments in wealth management products using alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs, and accordingly the Company classifies the valuation techniques that use these inputs as Level 2.

 

The carrying amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, promissory deposits, amount due from an unconsolidated affiliate, other receivables and deposits, deferred tax assets, bank loans, promissory notes payable, accounts payable, customer deposits, amounts due to directors, other payables and accrued expenses, other taxes payable and income taxes payable approximate their fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially expose the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, other receivables and deposits, and amount due from an unconsolidated affiliate. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with reputable financial institutions with high credit ratings.

 

The Company conducts credit evaluations of customers and generally does not require collateral or other security from customers. The Company establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts primarily based upon the age of the receivables and factors relevant to determining the credit risk of specific customers. The amount of receivables ultimately not collected by the Company has generally been consistent with management's expectations and the allowance established for doubtful accounts.

 

Major Customers

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, there was no single customer that represented more than 10% of our net revenues.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand and all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

 

The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents with various banks in the PRC which are not insured or otherwise protected. Should any of these banks holding the Company’s cash deposits become insolvent, or if the Company is otherwise unable to withdraw funds for any reason, the Company could lose the cash on deposit with that particular bank. 

 

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Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

 

The functional currency of SRRE, CY-SRRE and LRY is U.S. dollars (“$”) and their financial records are maintained and the financial statements prepared in U.S. dollars. The functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries and affiliates in China is Renminbi (“RMB”) and their financial records and statements are maintained and prepared in RMB.

 

Foreign currency transactions during the year are translated into each company’s denominated currency at the exchange rates ruling at the transaction dates. Gain and loss resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in the consolidated statement of operations. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated into each company’s denominated currency at year-end exchange rates. All exchange differences are dealt with in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

The financial statements of the Company’s operations based outside of the United States have been translated into U.S. dollars in accordance with ASC830. Management has determined that the functional currency for each of the Company’s foreign operations is its applicable local currency. When translating functional currency financial statements into U.S. dollars, year-end exchange rates are applied to the consolidated balance sheets, while average exchange rates as to revenues and expenses are applied to consolidated statements of operations. The effect of foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in shareholders’ equity.

 

The exchange rates as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are $1: RMB6.8632 and $1: RMB6.5364 respectively.

 

The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transaction must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars at the rate used in translation.

 

Real Estate Property under Development

 

Real estate property under development, which consists of residential unit sites and commercial and residential unit sites under development, is stated at the lower of carrying amounts or fair value.

 

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, and pre-development costs and engineering costs, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales value of units to the estimated total sales value times the total project costs.

 

Costs of amenities transferred to buyers are allocated as common costs of the project that are allocated to specific units as a component of total construction costs. For amenities retained by the Company, costs in excess of the related fair value of the amenity are also treated as common costs. Results of operations of amenities retained by the Company are included in current operating results.

 

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment” (“ASC 360”), real estate property under development is subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had not recognized any impairment for real estate property under development.

 

Capitalization of Interest

 

Interest incurred during and directly related to real estate development projects is capitalized to the related real estate property under development during the active development period, which generally commences when borrowings are used to acquire real estate assets and ends when the properties are substantially complete or the property becomes inactive. Interest is capitalized based on the interest rate applicable to specific borrowings or the weighted average of the rates applicable to other borrowings during the period. Interest capitalized to real estate property under development is expensed as a component of cost of real estate sales when related units are sold. All other interest is expensed as incurred.

 

Property and Equipment, Net

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method to allocate the cost of depreciable assets over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

 

  Estimated
Useful Life
(in years)
 
     
Furniture and fixtures 5-10  
Computer and office equipment 3-5  
Motor vehicles 5  
Properties 20  

 

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Maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged directly to the statement of operations as incurred. Additions and improvements are capitalized. When assets are disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation thereon are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in the statement of operations.

 

Investment Properties, Net

 

Investment properties are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method to allocate the cost of depreciable assets over their respective estimated useful lives of 20 years.

 

Significant additions that extend property lives are capitalized and are depreciated over their respective estimated useful lives. Routine maintenance and repair costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC 360, "Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets" (“ASC 360”), the Company is required to review its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. Whenever any such impairment exists, an impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value.

 

The Company tests long-lived assets, including property and equipment, investment properties and other assets, for recoverability when events or circumstances indicate that the net carrying amount is greater than its fair value. Assets are grouped and evaluated at the lowest level for their identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets. The Company considers historical performance and future estimated results in its evaluation of potential impairment and then compares the carrying amount of the asset to the future estimated cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. The estimation of fair value is generally determined by using the asset's expected future discounted cash flows or market value. The Company estimates fair value of the assets based on certain assumptions such as budgets, internal projections, and other available information as considered necessary. There is no impairment of long-lived assets during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Customer Deposits

 

Customer deposits consist of amounts received from customers relating to the sale of residential units in the PRC. In the PRC, customers will generally obtain permanent financing for the purchase of their residential unit prior to the completion of the project. The lending institution will provide the funding to the Company upon the completion of the financing rather than the completion of the project. The Company receives these funds and recognizes them as a liability until the revenue can be recognized.

 

Long Term Investments

 

The Company accounts for long term investments in equities as follows.

 

Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates

 

Affiliates are entities over which the Company has significant influence, but which it does not control. The Company generally considers an ownership interest of 20% or higher to represent significant influence. Investments in unconsolidated affiliates are accounted for by the equity method of accounting. Under this method, the Company’s share of the post-acquisition profits or losses of affiliates is recognized in the income statement and its shares of post-acquisition movements in other comprehensive income are recognized in other comprehensive income. Unrealized gains on transactions between the Company and its affiliates are eliminated to the extent of the Company’s interest in the affiliates; unrealized losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred.

 

When the Company’s share of losses in an affiliate equals or exceeds its interest in the affiliate, the Company does not recognize further losses, unless the Company has incurred obligations or made payments on behalf of the affiliate.

 

The Company is required to perform an impairment assessment of its investments whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investment may not be fully recoverable. An impairment loss is recorded when there has been a loss in value of the investment that is other than temporary.

 

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During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company provided no allowance for impairment loss on investments in unconsolidated affiliates. As of December 31, 2018, the allowance for impairment loss on investments in unconsolidated affiliates amounted to $ 702,283 (2017: $236,028).

 

Other Investments

 

Where the Company has no significant influence, the investment is classified as other investments in the balance sheet and is carried under the cost method. Investment income is recognized by the Company when the investee declares a dividend and the Company believes it is collectible. The Company periodically evaluates the carrying value of its investment under the cost method and any decline in value is included in impairment of cost of the investment.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company provided no allowance for impairment loss on other investments. As of December 31, 2018, the allowance for impairment loss on other investments amounted to $$76,922 (2017: $76,922).

 

Government Subsidies

 

Government subsidies include cash subsidies received by the Company’s subsidiaries in the PRC from local governments.

 

In recognizing the benefit of government subsidies in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company considers intended use of and restrictions of the subsidy, the requirements for the receipt of funds, and whether or not the incentive is given for immediate financial support, or to encourage activities such as land development in specified area. Each grant is evaluated to determine the propriety of classification on the consolidated statements of operations and consolidated balance sheets. Those grants that are substantively reimbursements of specified costs are matched with those costs and recorded as a reduction in costs. Those benefits that are more general in nature or driven by business performance measures are classified as revenue.

 

During the year of 2012, the Company received no refundable government subsidy amount of $4,829,440 (RMB33, 175,416). The subsidy is given to reimburse the land acquisition costs and certain construction cost incurred for the Company’s property development project in Linyi, and is repayable if the Company fails to complete the subsidized property development project before the agreed date. The Company recorded the subsidy received as a deferred government subsidy. As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s deferred government subsidy amounted to $4,829,440 (2017: $5,072,605).

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Most of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales in the PRC. The majority of the Company’s contracts contain a single performance obligation involving significant real estate development activities that are performed together to deliver a real estate property to customers. Revenues arising from real estate sales are recognized when or as the control of the asset is transferred to the customer. The control of the asset may transfer over time or at a point in time. For the sales of individual condominium units in a real estate development project, the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date, revenue is recognized over time by measuring the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. Otherwise, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the asset.

 

All revenues represent gross revenues less sales and business tax.

 

ASC 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contract(s) which include (i) identifying the contract(s) with the customer, (ii) identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determining the transaction price, (iv) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (v) recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. ASC 606 also specifies the accounting for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract and the costs directly related to fulfilling a contract. In addition, ASC 606 requires extensive disclosures .

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach with no restatement of comparative periods and no cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from development and sales of condominium real estate property in the PRC, with revenue previously recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. 

 

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

In accordance with ASC 220-10-55, comprehensive income (loss) is defined as all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. The Company’s only components of comprehensive loss during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were net loss and foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

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Net Earnings (Loss) per Common Share

 

The Company computes net earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share” (“ASC 260”). Under the provisions of ASC 260, basic net earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) available to common shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The calculation of diluted net earnings (loss) per share recognizes common stock equivalents, however; potential common stock in the diluted EPS computation is excluded in net loss periods, as their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”), which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

The Company recognizes tax benefits that satisfy a greater than 50% probability threshold and provides for the estimated impact of interest and penalties for such tax benefits. The Company did not incur any interest or penalties related to potential underpaid income tax expenses during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, “Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The amendments in this ASU, among other things, required that equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. This ASU also simplified the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. When a qualitative assessment indicates that impairment exists, an entity is required to measure the investment at fair value. For public business entities, the amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We have adopted the amendments in this ASU on January 1, 2018 and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes and replaces nearly all existing GAAP revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The authoritative guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The five steps are: (i) identify the contract with the customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) recognize revenue when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. The authoritative guidance applies to all contracts with customers except those that are within the scope of other topics in the FASB ASC. The authoritative guidance requires significantly expanded disclosures about revenue recognition and was initially effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within these fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2016. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date.” This standard defers for one year the effective date of ASU 2014-09. The Company adopted ASC 606 from January 1, 2018. The adoption had no material impact on the Group’s in previous years’ retained earnings and the Group’s accompanying consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) Clarifying the Definition of a Business. The amendments in this update clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions or disposals of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and should be applied prospectively on or after the effective date. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 with no material impact in its consolidated financial statements. 

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires restricted cash to be presented with cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows and disclosure of how the statement of cash flows reconciles to the balance sheet if restricted cash is shown separately from cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-18 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 on a retrospective basis. The adoption of this standard does not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, but resulted in restricted cash being included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-year and end-of-year total amounts shown on the statements of cash flows. As a result of this ASU adoption, the impact of the retrospective reclassification on cash flow of financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2018 were an increase of $722,337 and an increase of $552,505, respectively.

 

In August, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force). The ASU is intended to reduce diversity in practice in the presentation and classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments by providing guidance on eight specific cash flow issues. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted, including adoption during an interim period. The Company adopted this ASU beginning January 1, 2018 with no material impact in its consolidated financial statements.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which introduces a new standard related to leases to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by requiring the recognition of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. Most prominent among the changes in the standard is the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under current U.S. GAAP. Under the standard, disclosures are required to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cashflows arising from leases. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, and provided another transition method by allowing entities to initially apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The ASU will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have in its consolidated financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326)”, which requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost. This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early application will be permitted for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have in its consolidated financial statements.

 

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NOTE 3 - RESTRICTED CASH

 

The Company is required to maintain certain deposits with the bank that provide mortgage loans to the Company. As of December 31, 2018, the Company held cash deposits of $1,550,988 (2017: $1,068,805) as guarantee to the banks which provides mortgage loan to individual customers of our construction products. These balances are subject to withdrawal restrictions and were not covered by insurance.

 

NOTE 4 - TRANSACTIONAL FINANCIAL ASSETS

 

As of December 31, 2018, we have $49,451,172 invested in bank wealth management investment products. The investments have short maturity periods and can be rolled into a maturity date of our choosing or automatically rolled into subsequent maturity period. The annualized rate of return may range from 4.8% to 5.0% depending on the amount and time period invested.

 

NOTE 5 - PROMISSORY DEPOSITS

 

Promissory deposits were paid to property developers in respect of the real estate projects were the Company has been appointed as sales agent. The balances were unsecured, interest free and recoverable on completion of the respective projects.

 

NOTE 6 - REAL ESTATE PROPERTY UNDER DEVELOPMENT

 

Real estate property under development represents the Company’s real estate development project in Linyi, the PRC (“Linyi Project”), which is located on the junction of Xiamen Road and Hong Kong Road in Linyi City Economic Development Zone, Shandong Province, PRC. This project covers a site area of approximately 103,385 square meters for the development of villa-style residential housing buildings. The Company acquired the site and commenced construction of this project during the fiscal year of 2012.

 

In March 13, 2014, the Company had signed a joint development agreement with Zhongji Pufa Real Estate Co. According to this agreement, the Company obtained the right to develop the GXL project, which is located on 182 lane Guangxinglu, Putuo district, Shanghai, PRC. This project covers a site area of approximately 2,502 square meters for the development of one apartment building.

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, the company had recognized the net revenue and cost of revenue of Linyi project at a certain proportion. As of December 31, 2018, the real estate property under development totaled $64,423,978 compared to $67,974,281 as of December 31, 2017.

 

NOTE 7 - OTHER RECEIVABLES AND DEPOSITS

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Advances to staff  $22,864   $118,835 
Rental deposits   39,085    72,531 
Prepaid expense   12,033    22,572 
Prepaid tax   4,620,338    4,687,947 
Other receivables   4,080,833    1,817,193 
   $8,775,153   $6,719,078 

 

Other receivables and deposits as of December 31, 2018 are stated net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $674,478 (2017: $674,478). Other receivables of $3,948,578 mainly consists of $2,491,532 from Zhongji Pufa for our GXL project and $1,457,046 from Nanjing Longchang.

 

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NOTE 8 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Furniture and fixtures  $161,949   $166,660 
Computer and office equipment   155,395    163,969 
Motor vehicles   535,089    602,260 
Properties   2,204,433    2,315,428 
    3,056,867    3,248,317 
Less: Accumulated depreciation   1,958,025    1,964,416 
   $1,098,842   $1,283,901 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment amounted to $128,351.

 

NOTE 9 - INVESTMENT PROPERTIES, NET

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Investment properties  $9,022,150   $9,476,420 
Less: Accumulated depreciation   (5,314,670)   (5,221,155)
   $3,707,480   $4,255,265 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, depreciation and amortization expense for investment properties amounted to $1,068,308.

 

NOTE 10 - INVESTMENTS IN AND AMOUNT DUE FROM UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES

 

The investments in unconsolidated affiliates primarily consist of WHYYL (49%), SHDEW (20.63%). As of December 31, 2018, the investment amount in WHYYL and SHDEW were $0 and $30,857,551 respectively.

 

WHYYL is primarily developing a real estate project in Wuhan, the PRC on a parcel of land covering approximately 27,950 square meters with a 3-year planned construction period. SHDEW is a trading company with cosmetics. The Company has accounted for these investments using the equity method as the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence over their activities.

 

In 2011, the Company invested $4,697,686 for acquiring 49% equity interest in WHYYL to expand its operations to real estate development business. As of December 31, 2018, the investment in WHYYL was $0, which included its equity in loss of WHYYL, net of income taxes, totaling $660,610 as of December 31, 2018.

 

For the year ended of December 31, 2018, the company had recognized the net revenue and cost of revenue of WHYYL project at a certain proportion. The following table sets forth the financial information of WHYYL.

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
     
Revenues  $11,092,339   $53,638,709 
           
Net profit (loss)  $(793,624)  $(6,920,837)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
     
Current assets  $9,097,536   $19,066,691 
Non-current assets   8,025    9,736 
Total assets   9,105,561    19,076,427 
           
Current liabilities   9,766,171    18,965,514 
Total equity  $(660,610)  $110,914 

 

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As of December 31, 2018, the Company had a balance of $2,557,716 (2017: $2,686,498) due from WHYYL, which has not charged interest since September 1, 2014

 

SHDEW was established in June 2013 with its business as a skincare and cosmetic company. SHDEW’s online Wechat stores had a membership of over five million members as of December 31, 2018. SHDEW is developing its own skincare products as well as improving its online ecommerce platform. SHDEW sells products under its own brands as well as the products of third parties. The products include skincare, cosmetics, personal care products such as soaps, shampoos, skin care devices and children’s apparel. SHDEW began to operate its own online shopping platform in 2017, where consumers can purchase its cosmetics and skincare products as well as products imported into China.

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, the net profit for SHDEW was $287,627,574 with total equity in the amount of $150,134,466 as of December 31, 2018.

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
     
Revenues  $732,521,705   $743,253,100 
           
Net profit (loss)  $287,627,574   $342,843,033 

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
     
Current assets  $501,775,990   $647,287,630 
Non-current assets   40,700,549    19,471,756 
Total assets   542,476,539    666,759,387 
           
Current liabilities   391,123,793    447,406,389 
Total equity  $151,352,745   $219,337,694 

 

NOTE 11 - OTHER INVESTMENTS, NET

 

Equity investments measured at fair value without readily determinable fair value were accounted as cost method investments prior to adopting ASU 2016-01. As of December 31, 2017, the carrying amount of the Company’s cost method investments was $153,041. After adoption of ASU 2016-01, as of December 31, 2018, the carrying amount of the Company's equity investments measured at fair value using the measurement alternative was $145,705. During the year ended December 31, 2018, fair value changes recognized for certain equity investments which were measured using the measurement alternative were not significant.

 

The Company performs impairment assessment of its investments under the measurement alternative whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investment may not be fully recoverable. Impairment charges in connection with the measurement alternative investments of nil were recorded in others, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income/(Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, the accumulated impairment of the Company's measurement alternative investments was $76,922.

 

NOTE 12 - PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE

 

The promissory notes payable consists of the following unsecured notes to unrelated parties. Included in the balances are promissory notes with outstanding principal and unpaid interest of an aggregate of $1,457,046 and $1,530,409 as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

The promissory note with a principal as of December 31, 2018 amounting to $728,523 bears interest at a rate of 0% per annum, is unsecured and has no fixed term of repayment. As of December 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, the outstanding principal and unpaid interest related to this promissory note amounted to $728,523 and $765,205, respectively.

 

The promissory note with a principal as of December 31, 2018 amounting to $728,523 bears interest at a rate of 0% per annum, is unsecured and has no fixed term of repayment. As of December 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, the outstanding principal and unpaid interest related to this promissory note amounted to $728,523 and $765,205, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, there were no interest expenses related to these promissory notes.

 

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NOTE 13 - AMOUNTS DUE TO DIRECTORS

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Lin Chi-Jung  $1,769,484   $5,154,329 
Pan Yu-Jen   (58,282)   - 
Lin Hsin-Hung   56,407    108,842 
   $1,767,609   $5,263,171 

 

(a)The balance due to Lin Chi-Jung, President and Chairman of the Company, consisted of a balance of unpaid salaries and reimbursements totaling $NIL (2017: $105,445) and advances together with unpaid interest totaling $1,769,484 (2017: $5,154,329).

 

(b)The balance due to Pan Yu-Jen, the Company’s CEO, was unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed term of repayment.

 

(c)The balances due to Lin Hsin-Hung was unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed term of repayment.

 

NOTE 14 - ACCOUNTS PAYABLE

 

As of December 31, 2018, and 2017, the balances of accounts payable were $5,268,437 and $3,767,578 respectively. The balance of accounts payable as of December 31, 2018 included unpaid development fee of Linyi project of $1,570,010 and GXL project of 3,320,654. The remaining balance was due to agents of the operating business.

 

NOTE 15 - CUSTOMER DEPOSITS

 

Customer deposits consisted of the sales from real estate development project (Linyi project and GXL project) which cannot be recognized as revenue at the accounting period and deposits received for rental.

 

Linyi project has started pre-sales in November 2013 and in the year of 2018, the Project has recognized its revenue along with customer deposit, as of December 31, 2018, the pre-sales amounted to $7,434,610. GXL project has started pre-sales in March 2016, and as of December 31, 2018; the pre-sales amounted to $33,239,346.

 

NOTE 16 - AMOUNT DUE TO AFFILIATES

 

As of December 31, 2018, the amount due to JXSY, in the amount of $513,551 was intercompany transfers for day to day operations.

 

NOTE 17 - OTHER PAYABLES AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
     
Accrued staff commission and bonus  $285,506   $302,710 
Rental deposits received   46,331    161,055 
Bid bond   203,986    - 
Other payables   198,065    291,546 
Dividends payable to non-controlling interest   196,053    205,924 
   $929,941   $961,235 

 

Other payables are advances from unrelated parties are unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed term of repayment.

 

NOTE 18 - INCOME TAXES PAYABLE

 

The 2017 Tax Act was enacted on December 22, 2017. Due to the complexities involved in the accounting for the 2017 Tax Act, the SEC issued SAB 118, which provides guidance on the application of US GAAP for income taxes in the period of enactment. SAB 118 requires companies to include in their financial statements a reasonable estimate of the impact of the 2017 Tax Act, to the extent such an estimate has been determined. As a result, our financial results reflect the income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act for which the accounting is complete, as well as provisional amounts for those impacts for which the accounting is incomplete but a reasonable estimate could be determined.

 

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The Tax Legislation significantly revises the U.S. corporate income tax by, among other things, lowering the corporate income tax rate to 21%, implementing a modified territorial tax system and imposing a one-time repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings and profits of U.S.-owned foreign subsidiaries (the Toll Charge). As a fiscal-year taxpayer, certain provisions of the Tax Legislation impacted the Company in fiscal 2018, including the change in the corporate income tax rate and the Toll Charge, while other provisions will be effective starting at the beginning of fiscal 2019, including the implementation of a modified territorial tax system. The U.S. federal income tax rate reduction was effective as of January 1, 2018.

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Income /(loss) before income tax expense          
Income /(loss) from China operations  $80,337,786   $67,182,830 
Income /(loss) from non-China operations   (503,417)   (171,322)
           
Total income /(loss) before income tax expense   79,834,369    67,011,508 
           
Income tax expense applicable to China operations          
Current tax   1,573,573    56,803 
Deferred tax   -    (225,766)
           
Subtotal income tax expense applicable to China operations   1,573,573    (168,963)
Non-China income tax expense/(benefit)   -    4,313,689 
Total income tax expense  $1,573,573   $4,144,726 

 

In 2018, of the $1,573,573 income tax benefit, was for PRC tax, mainly attributable to the non-U.S. subsidiaries of the Company’s business operations and $0 was for U.S. corporate income tax, resulting primarily from a one-time transition tax recognized in the fourth quarter of 2017 that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company may make an election to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years commencing in April 2020 or pay in a single lump sum.

 

Effective Tax Rate

The following is reconciliation between the U.S. federal statutory rate and the Company’s effective tax rate:

 

   2018   2017 
PRC Statutory rate   25%   25%
Effect of the U.S. Transition Tax under the 2017 TCJA   0%   6.4%
Effect of income not taxable for PRC tax purposes   (23.1)%   (25.3)%
Under (Over)-provision for income taxes in prior years   0.0%   0%
Effective income tax rate   1.97%   6.2%

 

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities consist of the following:

 

   As of December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Deferred tax assets:          
Net operating loss from operations  $-   $591,300 
Total deferred tax assets   -    591,300 
Less: Valuation allowance   -    - 
           
Net deferred tax assets  $-   $591,300 

 

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In assessing the reliability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible or are utilized. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based upon an assessment of the level of historical taxable income and projections for future taxable income over the periods in which the deferred tax assets are tested whether they are deductible or can be utilized, the Company recorded the deferred tax assets resulting from net operating loss carry forwards of $NIL as of December 31, 2018 (2016: $591,300).

 

The Company adopted ASC 740-10-25 Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes and such adoption did not have any material impact on the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The Company is subject to income taxes in the PRC. Tax regulations are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply. All tax positions taken, or expected to be taken, continue to be more likely than not ultimately settled at the full amount claimed. The Company’s tax filings are subject to the PRC tax bureau’s examination for a period up to 5 years. The Company is not currently under any examination by the PRC tax bureau.

 

NOTE 19- DEFERRED GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY

 

Deferred government subsidy consists of the cash subsidy provided by the local government.

 

Government subsidies include cash subsidies received by the Company’s subsidiaries in the PRC from local governments.

 

In recognizing the benefit of government subsidies in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company considers intended use of and restrictions of the subsidy, the requirements for the receipt of funds, and whether or not the incentive is given for immediate financial support, or to encourage activities such as land development in specified area. Each grant is evaluated to determine the propriety of classification on the consolidated statements of operations and consolidated balance sheets. Those grants that are substantively reimbursements of specified costs are matched with those costs and are recorded as a reduction in costs. Those benefits that are more general in nature or driven by business performance measures are classified as revenue.

 

The Company has received refundable government subsidy of $4,829,440 as of December 31, 2018. The subsidy is given to reimburse the land acquisition costs and certain construction costs incurred for the Company’s property development project in Linyi, and are repayable if the Company fails to complete the subsidized property development project according to the agreed schedules. The Company recorded the subsidy received as a deferred government subsidy.

 

NOTE 20- STATUTORY RESERVE

 

According to the relevant corporation laws in the PRC, a PRC company is required to transfer at least 10% of its profit after taxes, as determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the PRC, to the statutory reserve until the balance reaches 50% of its registered capital. The statutory reserve can be used to make good on losses or to increase the capital of the relevant company.

 

According to the Law of the PRC on Enterprises with Wholly-Owned Foreign Investment, the Company PRC’s subsidiaries are required to make appropriations from after-tax profits as determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the PRC (“PRC GAAP”) to non-distributable reserves. These reserve funds include one or more of the following: (i) a general reserve, (ii) an enterprise expansion reserve and (iii) a staff bonus and welfare fund. A wholly-owned PRC subsidiary is not required to make appropriations to the enterprise expansion reserve but annual appropriations to the general reserve are required to be made at 10% of the profit after tax as determined under PRC GAAP at each year-end, until such fund has reached 50% of its respective registered capital. The staff welfare and bonus reserve is determined by the board of directors. The general reserve is used to offset future losses. The subsidiary may, upon a resolution passed by the stockholders, convert the general reserve into capital. The staff welfare and bonus reserve are used for the collective welfare of the employees of the subsidiary. The enterprise expansion reserve is for the expansion of the subsidiary operations and can be converted to capital subject to approval by the relevant authorities. These reserves represent appropriations of the retained earnings determined in accordance with Chinese law.

 

In addition to the general reserve, the Company’s PRC subsidiaries are required to obtain approval from the local PRC government prior to distributing any registered share capital. Accordingly, both the appropriations to general reserve and the registered share capital of the Company’s PRC subsidiary are considered as restricted net assets and are not distributable as cash dividends. As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s statutory reserve fund was $3,194,604 (2017: 931,510).

 

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NOTE 21- COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Lease Commitments

 

The Company leases certain of its office properties under non-cancellable operating lease arrangements. Payments under operating leases are expensed on a straight-line basis over the periods of their respective terms, and the terms of the leases do not contain rent escalation, or contingent rent, renewal, or purchase options. There are no restrictions placed upon the Company by entering into these leases. Rental expenses under operating leases for the year ended December 31, 2018 were $119,900 (2017: $198,158).

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company had the following operating lease obligations falling due.

 

   Amount 
Year Ending    
Within one year  $218,048 
Two to five years   - 
   $218,048 

 

NOTE 22- SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Operating Officer have been identified as the chief operating decision makers. The Company's chief operating decision makers direct the allocation of resources to operating segments based on the profitability and cash flows of each respective segment.

 

The Company evaluates performance based on several factors, including net revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses, and income from operations. The following tables show the operations of the Company's operating segments:

 

   Year Ended December 31, 2018 
   Property                 
   Brokerage   Real Estate   Investment         
   Services   Development   Transaction   Others   Total 
Net revenues  $1,461,382   $6,782,184   $-   $-   $8,243,566 
Cost of revenues   (848,967)   (5,840,978)   -    -    (6,689,945)
Gross profit   612,415    941,206    -    -    1,553,621 
                          
Operating expenses   (886,428)   (950,665)   -    (365)   (1,837,458)
General and administrative expenses   (1,800,289)   (622,086)   -    (498,001)   (2,920,376)
Operating loss   (2,074,302)   (631,545)   -    (498,366)   (3,204,213)
                          
Other income (expenses)                         
Interest income   21,315    12,343    -    8,560    42,218 
Interest expense   6    (155,496)   (1,986,792)   -    (2,142,282)
Other income, Net   (126,906)   (1,045,862)   1,268,417    (8,256)   87,393 
Equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliates             53,323,968         53,323,968 
Total other (expenses) income   (105,585)   (1,189,015)   52,605,593    304    51,311,297 
                          
Income (loss) before income taxes   (2,179,887)   (1,820,560)   52,605,593    (498,062)   48,107,084 
Income tax   (57,183)   (583,099)        (933,291)   (1,573,573)
Net Income (loss)  $(2,237,070)  $(2,403,659)  $52,605,593   $(1,431,353)  $46,533,511 

 

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   Year Ended December 31, 2017 
   Property                 
   Brokerage   Real Estate   Investment         
   Services   Development   Transaction   Others   Total 
Net revenues  $4,172,870   $23,382,975   $-   $-   $27,555,845 
Cost of revenues   (1,118,377)   (21,455,775)   -    -    (22,574,152)
Gross profit   3,054,493    1,927,200    -    -    4,981,693 
                          
Operating expenses   (699,534)   (485,170)   -    (374)   (1,185,078)
General and administrative expenses   (1,929,700)   (1,414,037)   -    (310,930)   (3,654,667)
Operating loss   425,259    27,993    -    (311,304)   141,948 
                          
Other income (expenses)                         
Interest income   24,213    11,392    -    3,864    39,469 
Interest expense   (423,864)   -    -    -    (423,864)
Other income, Net   483,687    (611,537)   1,008,896    138,542    1,019,588 
Equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliates             66,234,367         66,234,367 
Total other (expenses) income   84,036    (600,145)   67,243,263    142,406    66,869,560 
                          
Income (loss) before income taxes   509,295    (572,152)   67,243,263    (168,898)   67,011,508 
Income tax   (56,803)   225,766    (4,313,689)   -    168,963 
Net Income (loss)  $452,492   $(346,386)  $62,929,574   $(168,898)  $67,180,471 

 

   Property                 
   Brokerage   Real Estate   Investment*         
   Services   Development   Transaction   Others   Total 
As of December 31, 2018                    
Real estate property under development  $-   $64,423,978   $-   $-   $64,423,978 
Total assets   14,126,067    81,270,916    80,454,428    7,983,172    183,834,583 
                          
As of December 31, 2017                         
Real estate property under development  $-   $67,974,281   $-   $-   $67,974,281 
Total assets   9,283,409    81,625,107    73,982,908    11,609    164,903,033 

 

NOTE 23 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

We declared a dividend of $0.1 per share to shareholders on record on December 28, 2018. The dividend was paid on January 28, 2019.

 

On December 6, 2018, the Company established 60% ownership of an investment holding company, Huaian Zhanbao (“HAZB”), for the purpose of possible future real estate development project in Huaian. On March of 2019, HAZB purchased 78.46% of Huaian Tianxi Real Estate Development (“Huaian Tianxi”) for $0 from SHDEW. Huaian Tianxi holds a land property of 78,027 sqm with an above-ground constructible area of 195,000 sqm.

 

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ITEM 9 CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls or procedures will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues are instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control. The design of any system of controls is also based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018, the end of the annual period covered by this report. The evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures included a review of the disclosure controls’ and procedures’ objectives, design, implementation and the effect of the controls and procedures on the information generated for use in this report. In the course of our evaluation, we sought to identify errors, control problems or acts of fraud and to confirm the appropriate corrective actions, including process improvements, were being undertaken. Our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company had a material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018 because the Company’s accounting department personnel had limited knowledge and experience in U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting requirements.

 

Based on the foregoing, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were ineffective as of December 31, 2018.

 

Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, the Company has conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, based on the framework in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

 

During this evaluation, the Company’s management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, has identified one material weakness in the control environment of the Company. The material weakness is related to the Company’s accounting department personnel having limited knowledge and experience in U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting requirements.

 

A material weakness is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. As a result of the material weakness identified above, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was ineffective as of December 31, 2018.

 

To remediate the material weakness identified in internal control over financial reporting of the Company, we have begun to:

 

recruit additional personnel with sufficient knowledge and experience in U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting requirements; and
provide ongoing training courses in U.S. GAAP to existing personnel, including our Chief Financial Officer and our Financial Controller.

 

The Company believes that the consolidated financial statements fairly present, in all material respects, the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, in conformity with U.S. GAAP, notwithstanding the material weakness we identified.

 

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This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of the Company's registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by the Company's registered public accounting firm pursuant to Section 989G of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act that permit the Company to provide only management's report in this Annual Report.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

During our fiscal year 2018, there were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE; COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 16(a) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT

 

Date of Appointment   Name of Individual   Age   Position with Company
October 28, 2003   LIN CHI-JUNG   59   President and Chairman
January 30, 2018   PAN YU-JEN   60   Chief Executive Officer  and Director
May 23, 2005   LIN CHAO-CHIN   69   Director
November 28, 2006   LIN HSIN-HUNG   64   Executive Director
November 23, 2004   CHEN REN   71   Director
November 23, 2004   FU XUAN-JIE   89   Director
November 23, 2004   LI XIAO-GANG   60   Director
June 24, 2013   MI YONG JUN   45   Chief Financial Officer
January 30, 2018   BRYAN LIN   40   Chief Operating Officer

 

Following is biographical information for each of the seven directors consisting of the age, principal occupation, and other relevant information. The designation of "Affiliated" noted beside the director’s name indicates that the director is an officer or employee of Sunrise. The designation of “Independent” noted beside the director’s name indicates that the director is considered an independent director within the meaning of the Marketplace Rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc., which is the independence standard that we have chosen to report under.

 

Lin Chi-Jung, Director (Affiliated)

 

Lin Chi-Jung, age 59, was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of SRRE until October 29, 2018. Mr. Lin began serving as a Director of SRRE on October 28, 2003 and was appointed Chairman on October 11, 2004. He founded Shanghai Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Co., Ltd. (“SHXJY”) in late 2001, Shanghai Shang Yang Investment Management and Consulting Co., Ltd. (“SHSY”) in early 2004 and Suzhou Gao Feng Hui Property Management Co., Ltd. (“SZGFH”) in early 2005. Under his leadership and management, SHXJY, SHSY and SZGFH have grown rapidly. Prior to establishing this property business, Mr. Lin invested in the film making and publishing businesses. In his younger days, Mr. Lin was a well-known actor in Chinese communities around the world, including Mainland China, Taiwan, North America and South East Asia. The Board believes that Mr. Lin has the experience and qualification as a member of the Board of Directors because of his experience in the real estate industry, his leadership and strategic direction for the Company and his public personality, which makes him an invaluable asset to the Company. Mr. Lin is not a member of the Board of any other public company or any investment company, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years. Mr. Lin, stepped down as CEO on January 30, 2018 and was succeeded by Mr. Pan Yu-Jen.

 

Pan Yu-Jen, CEO (Affiliated)

 

Mr. Pan Yu-Jen, age 60, joined the Company’s subsidiary, Shanghai Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company in 2002. He subsequently became the Chairman of the Board for two of the Company’s subsidiaries, Shanghai Xin Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited and Suzhou Xi Ji Yang Real Estate Consultation Company Limited in 2017, where he was also responsible for the operations of both subsidiaries. He has also served as the President at the Taiwan Compatriot Investment Enterprise Association of Suzhou since 2015, and the Taiwan Compatriot Investment Enterprise Association of Suzhou Industrial Park since 2014. Mr. Pan received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Electric Engineering from Fu Hsin Trade and Arts School in Taiwan in 1977. He was appointed CEO and Director for the Company on January 30, 2018.

 

Lin Chao-Chin, Director (Affiliated)

 

Lin Chao-Chin, age 69, was appointed as a director on May 23, 2005, and serves on our Compensation and Governance and Nominating Committees. He is one of the co-founders of SHXJY. The Board believes Mr. Lin has the experience and skill to serve as a director of the Company because he brings with him 29 years of real estate industry experience, particularly in the areas of agency, property investment, and development services. Prior to starting his business in Mainland China, he co-founded Taipei Xin Lian Yang Property Co. Ltd. in Taiwan in the early 1980’s. Under Mr. Lin’s leadership, this business had contracted sales of NTD 120 Billion (approx. US$ 3.4 billion) and 800 employees. In 2001 he joined Lin Chi-Jung to re-establish his career in Mainland China. Currently, Lin Chao-Chin is managing the day-to-day business operation of SHXJY. Lin Chao-Chin graduated from Taiwan Chung Yuan University with a Bachelor Degree in Business Administration. Mr. Lin is not a member of the Board of any other public company or any investment company, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years.

 

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Lin Hsin-Hung, Chairman (Affiliated)

 

Lin Hsin Hung, age 64, was appointed as an executive director on November 28, 2006 and Chairman of the Board on October 29, 2018. He graduated from the Economics Department of Taiwan Wen Hua College in 1981. Mr. Lin has served as the Chairman of the Board of Tian Li Manufacture Corporation, Ding Kai Industry Corporation, Hua Wei Development Corporation and an executive Director of Di Heng Capital Management Corporation. The Board believes Mr. Lin has the knowledge and expertise in the capital markets that will benefit to the Company. Mr. Lin is not a member of the board of any other public company or any investment company in the US, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years.

 

Chen Ren, Director (Independent)

 

Chen Ren, age 71, was appointed an independent director on November 23, 2004. Mr. Chen is Chairman and General Manager of Shanghai Real Estate Group of Companies. He has been involved in the Shanghai real property market for the past 16 years. Among some of the companies that he has been associated with are: Shanghai She-ye Property Ltd, Shanghai Rui Nan Property Limited, the General Manager of Shanghai Gong Zhi Jing Center and Shanghai An Ju Property Development Center. With his extensive knowledge and experience in the real estate property development industry in China, the Board believes Mr. Chen an asset to the Company serving as one of its independent director. Mr. Chen is not a member of the Board of any other public company or any investment company, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years.

 

Fu Xuan-Jie, Director (Independent)

 

Fu Xuan-Jie, age 89, was appointed an independent director on November 23, 2004, and serves on our Audit, Compensation, and Governance and Nominating Committees. Mr. Fu has been an attorney since February 1980 and has practiced law in his co-founded firm, Fu Xuan-Jie & Associates Law Office since April 1994. Mr. Fu specializes in corporate and international law, especially in the areas of international compensation and other financial matters. Among the clientele that Mr. Fu serves are Coca-Cola, Banque Endosuez, AT&T, and L'Oreal. The Board believes that Mr. Fu’s is qualified to serve on our Board because of his knowledge in corporate and international law. Mr. Fu is not a member of the Board of any other public company or any investment company, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years.

 

Li Xiao-Gang, Director (Independent)

 

Li Xiao-Gang, age 61, was appointed an independent director on November 23, 2004, and serves on our Audit, Compensation, and Governance and Nominating Committees. Mr. Li graduated from Shanghai Finance and Economics University in 1984, and joined the Shanghai Academy of Social Science. In 1992, he was appointed the deputy director of the Economics Law Consultation Center of the Shanghai Academy. In 2000, he was the Director of the Foreign Investment Research Center of the Academy. From 1992 to the present, Mr. Li has served as a Director cum Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Consultation Association. The Board believes Mr. Li’s contribution of his views on economy as well as his knowledge of the real estate movement in China invaluable to the Company. Mr. Li is not a member of the Board of any other public company or any investment company, neither has he been a member of the boards of directors of such companies for the past five years.

 

Mi Yong Jun, Chief Financial Officer

 

Mr. Mi, age 45, was the Chief Financial Officer of Wanbang from 2010 until his appointment as our CFO on June 24, 2013. From 2009 to 2010, he worked for the Company as the financial controller. Prior to 2009, he worked for Macquarie Banking Limited, as a senior finance manager. Mr. Mi graduated from East China Normal University in 2012 with an MBA degree.

 

Bryan Lin, Chief Operating Officer

 

Mr. Lin, age 41, has more than 15 years of experiences in the capital markets. From 2008 to 2014, he served as the Company’s Investor Relations Director, and subsequently became the Vice President of Operations in 2011. Prior to his return to the Company in 2017, Mr. Lin worked at Cushman & Wakefield, from 2014 to 2016. Mr. Lin received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics from the University of California, Los Angeles in 2001. He assumed the COO position on April 2nd, 2018.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships among directors, executive officers, or person nominated or chosen to become the directors or executive officers.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

None of our directors, executive officers, or control persons has been involved in any of the following events during the past ten years:

 

  · Any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time; or

 

  · Any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses); or

 

  · Being subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities; or

 

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  · Being found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil violation), the SEC or the Commodity Future Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated; or

 

  · Being the subject of, or a party to, any Federal or State judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of: any Federal or State securities or commodities law or regulation; or any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order; or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity. This violation does not apply to any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants; or

 

  · Being the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(26))), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1(a)(29))), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

Code of Ethics

 

On October 8, 2005, we adopted a code of ethics. We believe our code of ethics is reasonably designed to deter wrongdoing and promote honest and ethical conduct; provide full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in public reports; comply with applicable laws; ensure prompt internal reporting of code violations; and provide accountability for adherence to the code. The Company will provide to any person without charge, upon request, a copy of the corporate code of ethics. Any person wishing a copy should write to Alice Wang, Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc., Building A, Floor 25, No. 638, Hengfeng Road, Shanghai, PRC 200070.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires our executive officers, directors and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Copies of these filings must be furnished to the Company. Based solely on a review of the copies of such reports furnished to the Company and written representations that no other reports were required, during the fiscal year ending December 31, 2013, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to our executive officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners have been met on a timely basis.

 

Information Concerning our Board and Committees of our Board

 

The Company’s Board has three standing committees: an Audit Committee, Governance and Nominating Committee, and a Compensation Committee. We have a written Audit Committee Charter, Governance and Nominating Committee Charter and Compensation Committee Charter. Except for Lin Chao-Chin, all of our directors serving on our committees are “independent” within the meaning of the Marketplace Rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc., which is the independence standard that we have chosen to report under.

 

Audit Committee and Audit Committee Financial Expert

        

Our Board established the Audit Committee on August 23, 2005. The Audit Committee consists of two members, Fu Xuan-Jie, Li Xiao-Gang, all of whom are “independent” within the meaning of the Marketplace Rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc., which is the independence standard that we have chosen to report under. With the resignation of Mr. Zhang Xi on April 14, 2014, our Audit Committee currently does not have a financial expert, as that term is used under Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-B. The Company is in process of replacing Mr. Zhang Xi.

 

Governance and Nominating Committee

 

The Governance and Nominating Committee of the Board consists of Mr. Lin Chao-Chin, Mr. Li Xiao-Gang and Mr. Fu Xuan-Jie. The primary duties of the Governance and Nominating Committee are to identify and review candidates for the Board and recommend candidates for election to the Board, periodically review the skills and characteristics required of Board members in the context of the current Board, and periodically review the Company’s corporate governance policies and recommend modifications to the Board as appropriate. The Governance and Nominating Committee operates pursuant to a charter that was approved by our Board, a current copy of which is available on our website at www.sunrise.sh under the heading “Investor” and subheading “Corporate Governance.”

 

Our shareholders may recommend director nominees, and the Governance and Nominating Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders. We anticipate that nominees recommended by shareholders will be evaluated in the same manner as nominees recommended by anyone else, although the Governance and Nominating Committee may prefer nominees who are personally known to the existing directors and whose reputations are highly regarded. The Governance and Nominating Committee will consider all relevant qualifications as well as the needs of the company in terms of compliance with SEC rules.

 

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While the selection of qualified directors is a complex, subjective process that requires consideration of many intangible factors, the Governance and Nominating Committee and the Board takes into account the following criteria, among others, in considering directors and candidates for the board: judgment, experience, skills and personal character of the candidate, and the needs of the Board.

 

The Governance and Nominating Committee conducts a process of making a preliminary assessment of each proposed nominee based upon the resume and biographical information, an indication of the individual’s willingness to serve and other background information. This information is evaluated against the criteria set forth above and our specific needs at that time. Based upon a preliminary assessment of the candidate(s), those who appear best suited to meet our needs may be invited to participate in a series of interviews, which are used as a further means of evaluating potential candidates. On the basis of information learned during this process, the Governance and Nominating Committee determines which nominee(s) to recommend to the Board to submit for election at the next annual meeting. The Governance and Nominating Committee uses the same process for evaluating all nominees, regardless of the original source of the nomination.

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee of the Board consists of Mr. Lin Chao-Chin, Mr. Li Xiao-Gang and Mr. Fu Xuan-Jie. The primary duties of the Compensation Committee are to annually review and approve the Company’s compensation strategy to ensure that employees are rewarded appropriately; review annually and approve corporate goals and objectives relevant to executive compensation; annually review and determine elements of compensation of the CEO and other officers; and review and recommend compensation for non-employee members of our Board. The Compensation Committee operates pursuant to a charter that was approved by our Board, a current copy of which is available on our website at www.sunrise.sh under the heading “Investor” and subheading “Corporate Governance.”

 

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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Compensation Philosophy

 

The Company has established a compensation committee to ensure that employees are reward appropriately based on performance and review the compensation of the CEO and other executive managers annually. Our compensation program for our executive officers and all other employees is designed such that it will not incentivize unnecessary risk-taking as our compensation consists primarily of base salaries without bonuses or stock awards.

 

The following table reflects the compensation paid to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and each of the Company’s compensated executive officers whose compensations exceeded $100,000 in fiscal years 2018, 2017 and 2016 for services rendered to the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

Name and Principal Position
(a)
  Year
(b)
   Salary
($)
(c)
   Bonus
($)
(d)
   Stock
Awards
($)
(e)
   Option
Awards
($)
(f)
   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
(g)
   Change in
Pension Value
and
Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
(h)
   All Other
Compensation
($)
(i)
   Total
($)
(j)
 
Lin Chi-Jung   2018    72,960    -    -    -    -    -    4,505    77,465 
Director (former CEO and Chairman until   2017    72,960    -    -    -    -    -    4,505    77,465 
    2016    72,960    -    -    -    -    -    4,505    77,465 
                                              
Pan Yu Jen   2018                                         
CEO and Director                                             
                                              
Mi Yong Jun   2018    24,500    -    -    -    -    -    295    24,795 
CFO (June 24, 2013)   2017    24,500    -    -    -    -    -    295    24,795 
    2016    24,500                             295    24,795 
                                              
Bryan Lin   2018    23,880    -    -    -    -    -    -    23,880 
COO (April 1, 2018)                                             

 

Option/SAR Grants

The Company has no stock option plan or other equity incentive plan in place. Accordingly, no individual grants of stock options, whether or not in tandem with Stock Appreciation Rights (“SARs”) and freestanding SARs have been made to any executive officer or any director since the Company’s inception, accordingly, no stock options have been exercised by the Company’s officers or directors in any fiscal year.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

 

Name
(a)
  Fees Earned
or Paid in
Cash
($)
(b)
   Stock Awards
($)
(c)
   Option
Awards
($)
(d)
   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
(e)
   Change in
Pension Value
and
Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
(f)
   All Other
Compensation
($)
(g)
   Total
($)
(h)
 
LIN CHI-JUNG   0    0    0    0    0    0    0 
LIN CHAO-CHIN   0    0    0    0    0    0    0 
LIN HSIN-HUNG   18,071    0    0    0    0    0    18,071 
FU XUAN-JIE   6,966    0    0    0    0    0    6,966 
LI XIAO-GANG   6,966    0    0    0    0    0    6,966 
CHEN REN   6,966    0    0    0    0    0    6,966 

 

 

(1) There are no stock option, retirement, pension, or profit sharing plans for the benefit of directors

 

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ITEM 12 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

The following table sets forth, as of August 22, 2019, the number and percentage of our 68,691,925 shares of common stock outstanding that were beneficially owned by (1) each person known to the Company to be the beneficial owner of five percent or more of our common stock, (2) each director and named executive officer, and (3) all of the Company's directors and executive officers as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, the person listed in the table is the beneficial owner of, and has sole voting and investment power with respect to, the shares indicated.

 

Title of Class  Name and Address  Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership
  

Percent

of Class

 
Common 

Lin Chi-Jung

Hengfeng Road, No. 638, 5th Fl., Bldg A

   44,511,400(1)   64.80%
              
Common 

Lin Hsin-Hung

Hengfeng Road, No. 638, 5th Fl., Bldg A

   334,750(2)   0.49%
              
Common 

Lin Chao Chun

Hengfeng Road, No. 638, 5th Fl., Bldg A

   1,511,400(3)   2.2%
              
Common 

Bryan Lin

Hengfeng Road, No. 638, 5th Fl., Bldg A

   25,000    0.03%
              
All Directors and Officers As a Group     46,357,550    67.52%
              
Common  Better Time International   3,530,000(4)   5.14%
              
Common  Good Speed Service Limited   3,469,572(5)   5.05%
              
Non-Officers and Directors   6,999,572    10.19%

 

(1) These shares are owned by Ace Develop Properties Limited, of which Mr. Lin Chi-Jung is the sole beneficiary owner

(2) These shares are owned by Glorystar International Enterprise Limited, of which Mr. Lin Hsing Hung is a minority shareholder and an officer.

(3) These shares are owned by Robert Lin Investments, Inc., of which Mr. Lin Chao Chun is the sole beneficiary owner.

(4) The beneficiary owner of Better Time International is Wang Chun-Chieh.

(5) The beneficiary owner of Good Speed Services Limited is Yuan Chi Lung.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Certain Relationships

 

A related party is an entity that can control or significantly influence the management or operating policies of another entity to the extent one of the entities may be prevented from pursuing its own interests. A related party may also be any party the entity deals with that can exercise that control.

 

Amounts Due To Directors

 

The amounts due to directors as of December 31, 2018 were $1,767,609. The amounts due are as follows:

 

Amount Due To Lin Chi-Jung

 

The amount due to Lin Chi-Jung as of December 31, 2018 was $1,769,484, which includes unsecured advances and unpaid interest.

 

Amount Due to Pan Yu-Jen

 

The balance due to Pan Yu-Jen as of December 31, 2018 was $58,284, which is unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed term of repayment.

 

Amount Due to Lin Hsin-Hung

 

The balance due to Lin Hsin-Hung as of December 31, 2018 was $56,407, which is unsecured, interest-free and payable on demand.

 

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Advances To An Unconsolidated Affiliate

 

Advances to an unconsolidated affiliate as of December 31, 2018 was $2,557,716, which no longer charged interest from September 1, 2014.

 

Director Independence

 

Fu Xuan-Jie, Li Xiao-Gang and Chen Ren are members of the Board of Directors and are each “independent” within the meaning of the Marketplace Rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

 

Audit Fees

 

For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the fees billed from RH. CPA were $121,658 and $121,658, respectively.

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

None.

 

Tax Fees

 

None.

 

All Other Fees

 

R.H CPA did not bill the Company any additional fees for professional services rendered to the Company during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors

 

According to the charter of the Audit Committee, the Company’s policy on pre-approval of audit and permissible non-audit services of independent auditors is to pre-approve all audit services and permissible non-audit services by the independent accountants, as set forth in Section 10A of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder by the SEC. The Audit Committee may establish pre-approval policies and procedures, as permitted by Section 10A of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder by the SEC, for the engagement of independent accountants to render services to the Company, including but not limited to policies that would allow the delegation of pre-approval authority to one or more members of the Audit Committee, provided that any pre-approvals delegated to one or more members of the Audit Committee are reported to the Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a)Financial Statements and Schedules

 

The financial statements filed as part of this filing are listed on the index to the Financial Statements, Item 8 of Part II.

 

Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
     
2.1   Exchange Agreement dated as of August 31, 2004 by and among Lin Ray Yang Enterprise Ltd., Lin Chi-Jung, as agent for the beneficial shareholders of such company, and the Company, incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 8, 2004.
     
2.2   Exchange Agreement dated as of August 31, 2004 by and among Sunrise Real Estate Development Group, Inc., a Cayman Islands company, Lin Chi-Jung, as agent for the beneficial shareholder of such company, and the Company, incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 8, 2004.
     
3.1   Articles of Incorporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of Form-10 QSB filed on April 23, 2001.
     
3.1a   Amendments to the Articles of Incorporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 3.1a and 3.1b to Form-10-KSB for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003 filed on April 14, 2004.
     
3.1b   Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation dated April 25, 2006, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1b of Form-10 QSB filed on November 14, 2006.
     
3.2   Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of Form-10SB filed on April 23, 2001.
     
7.1   Letter from Kenne Ruan, CPA, P.C. dated August 14, 2012 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K) filed on August 17, 2012).
     
7.2   Letter from Kenne Ruan, CPA, P.C. dated February 16, 2013 (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K) filed on February 21, 2013).
     
10.1   Financial Advisory Agreement dated January 15, 2006 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Marco Partners, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Form SB-2 filed on February 13, 2006.
     
10.2   Consultancy Service Agreement dated January 15, 2006 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Chiang Hui Hsiung, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Form SB-2 filed on February 13, 2006.
     
10.3   Placement Agent Agreement dated June 15, 2006 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Midtown Partners & Co., LLC.  (Filed on January 28, 2011)
     
10.21   Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of January 22, 2011 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Better Times International Limited  (Filed on January 28, 2011)
     
10.22   Stock purchase agreement dated August 20, 2014 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Ace Develop Properties Limited (Filed on August 24, 2014)
     
10.23   Stock purchase agreement dated November10, 2014 between Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. and Ace Develop Properties Limited (Filed on November 10, 2014)
     
14   Code of Ethics
     
21.1   Subsidiaries of the Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21.1 to Form SB-2 filed on February 13, 2006. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K dated September 30, 2011)

 

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31.1   Certification of Lin Chi-Jung, pursuant to Rule 15d-14(a).
     
31.2   Certification of Mi Yong Jun, pursuant to Rule 15d-14(a).
     
32.1   Certifications of Lin Chi-Jung, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350.
     
32.2   Certifications of Mi Yong Jun, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350.
     
99.1   Press Release dated March 27, 2012, titled Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc. Announces Resignation and appointment of CFO. (Incorporated by reference from Form 8-K dated March27, 2012)
     
101.1NS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definitions Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Sunrise Real Estate Group, Inc.

 

/s/ Pan Yu-Jen  
By: Pan Yu-Jen  
Principal Executive Officer and Director  

 

DATE: August 23, 2019

 

In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
         
/s/ Lin Chi-Jung   Director   August 23, 2019
Lin Chi-Jung      
         
/s/ Pan Yu-Jen   Principal Executive Officer   August 23, 2019
Pan Yu-Jen   and Director    
         
/s/ Mi Yong Jun   Principal Financial Officer   August 23, 2019
Mi Yong Jun        
         
/s/ Lin Chao-Chin   Director   August 23, 2019
Lin Chao-Chin        
         
/s/ Lin Hsin-Hung   Chairman   August 23, 2019
Lin Hsin-Hung        
         
/s/ Fu Xuan-Jie   Director   August 23, 2019
Fu Xuan-Jie        
         
/s/ Li Xiao-Gang    Director   August 23, 2019
Li Xiao-Gang        
         
/s/ Chen Ren   Director   August 23, 2019
Chen Ren        

 

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