10-Q 1 ssp-20240331.htm 10-Q ssp-20240331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 001-10701
THE E.W. SCRIPPS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio31-1223339
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer
Identification Number)
312 Walnut Street
Cincinnati,Ohio45202
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (513) 977-3000

Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareSSPNASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of March 31, 2024, there were 73,457,243 of the registrant’s Class A Common shares, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding and 11,932,722 of the registrant’s Common Voting shares, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.



Index to The E.W. Scripps Company Quarterly Report
on Form 10-Q for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2024
Item No.Page
 
1. Financial Statements
2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
4. Controls and Procedures
PART II - Other Information
 
1. Legal Proceedings
1A. Risk Factors
3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
4. Mine Safety Disclosures
5. Other Information
6. Exhibits
    Signatures
2


PART I

As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the terms “Scripps,” “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” may, depending on the context, refer to The E.W. Scripps Company, to one or more of its consolidated subsidiary companies, or to all of them taken as a whole.

Item 1. Financial Statements

The information required by this item is filed as part of this Form 10-Q. See Index to Financial Information at page F-1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The information required by this item is filed as part of this Form 10-Q. See Index to Financial Information at page F-1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The information required by this item is filed as part of this Form 10-Q. See Index to Financial Information at page F-1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

The information required by this item is filed as part of this Form 10-Q. See Index to Financial Information at page F-1 of this Form 10-Q.

PART II

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are involved in litigation and regulatory proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, such as defamation actions and governmental proceedings primarily relating to renewal of broadcast licenses, none of which is expected to result in material loss.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in Item 1A. Risk Factors in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

There were no sales of unregistered equity securities during the quarter ended March 31, 2024.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

There were no defaults upon senior securities during the quarter ended March 31, 2024.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

None.
3


Item 5. Other Information

Annual Meeting of Shareholders

The following table presents information on matters submitted to a vote of security holders at our May 6, 2024 Annual Meeting of Shareholders:

Descriptions of Matters SubmittedIn FavorAgainstAuthority Withheld
1. Election of Directors
Directors elected by holders of Class A Common Shares:
Nishat A. Mehta55,911,370 — 2,908,917 
Burton F. Jablin53,032,122 — 5,788,165 
Kim Williams36,587,901 — 22,232,386 
Directors elected by holders of Common Voting Shares:
Marcellus W. Alexander, Jr.11,130,723 — — 
Charles L. Barmonde11,130,723 — — 
Kelly P. Conlin11,130,723 — — 
Raymundo H. Granado, Jr.11,130,723 — — 
John W. Hayden11,130,723 — — 
Monica O. Holcomb11,130,723 — — 
Leigh B. Radford11,130,723 — — 
Adam P. Symson11,130,723 — — 
2. Votes by holders of Common Voting Shares to ratify Deloitte & Touche LLP as the independent registered public accountant11,130,723 — — 
3. Advisory (non-binding) vote by holders of Common Voting Shares to approve named executive officer compensation (Say-on-Pay)11,130,723 — — 
4. Votes by holders of Common Voting Shares to approve Amendment No.1 to The E.W. Scripps Company 2023 Long-term Incentive Plan11,130,723 — — 

Director and Officer Trading Arrangements

None of our directors or officers adopted, modified or terminated a Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement or a non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement (as defined in Item 408(a) of Regulation S-K) during the quarter ended March 31, 2024.

Item 6. Exhibits

Exhibit NumberExhibit Description
31(a)
31(b)
32(a)
32(b)
101The Company's unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, formatted in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language). *
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101). *

* - Filed herewith
4


Signatures
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 THE E.W. SCRIPPS COMPANY
Dated: May 10, 2024By:
/s/ Daniel W. Perschke
Daniel W. Perschke
  Senior Vice President, Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)


5


The E.W. Scripps Company
Index to Financial Information (Unaudited)

F-1


The E.W. Scripps Company
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share data)As of 
March 31, 
2024
As of 
December 31, 
2023
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$30,229 $35,319 
Accounts receivable (less allowances — $5,317 and $5,041)
566,706 610,541 
Miscellaneous42,504 30,233 
Total current assets639,439 676,093 
Investments23,689 23,265 
Property and equipment457,181 455,255 
Operating lease right-of-use assets101,676 99,194 
Goodwill1,968,574 1,968,574 
Other intangible assets1,704,532 1,727,178 
Programming421,735 449,943 
Miscellaneous10,999 10,618 
Total Assets$5,327,825 $5,410,120 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$90,969 $76,383 
Unearned revenue13,875 12,181 
Current portion of long-term debt15,612 15,612 
Accrued liabilities:
Employee compensation and benefits44,412 60,869 
Programming liability 154,672 171,860 
Accrued interest 16,288 32,030 
Miscellaneous47,299 43,934 
Other current liabilities63,674 64,950 
Total current liabilities446,801 477,819 
Long-term debt (less current portion)2,855,258 2,896,824 
Deferred income taxes309,987 307,399 
Operating lease liabilities 91,241 87,714 
Other liabilities (less current portion)462,576 484,181 
Equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par — authorized: 25,000,000 shares; none outstanding
  
Preferred stock — Series A, $100,000 par; 6,000 shares issued and outstanding (redemption value of $643,801 at March 31, 2024)
415,125 414,549 
Common stock, $0.01 par:
Class A — authorized: 240,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding: 73,457,243 and 72,843,881 shares
735 729 
Voting — authorized: 60,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding: 11,932,722 and 11,932,722 shares
119 119 
Total preferred and common stock415,979 415,397 
Additional paid-in capital1,442,055 1,438,518 
Accumulated deficit(620,596)(622,222)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes(75,476)(75,510)
Total equity1,161,962 1,156,183 
Total Liabilities and Equity$5,327,825 $5,410,120 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-2


The E.W. Scripps Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20242023
Operating Revenues:
Advertising$349,758 $352,099 
Distribution202,560 166,559 
Other9,146 9,120 
Total operating revenues561,464 527,778 
Operating Expenses:
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization328,533 308,460 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization145,693 146,886 
Restructuring costs5,015 16,511 
Depreciation15,120 15,053 
Amortization of intangible assets23,568 23,490 
Losses (gains), net on disposal of property and equipment147 896 
Total operating expenses518,076 511,296 
Operating income43,388 16,482 
Interest expense(54,917)(48,838)
Defined benefit pension plan income177 134 
Miscellaneous, net16,821 (503)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes5,469 (32,725)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes3,843 (14,185)
Net income (loss)1,626 (18,540)
Preferred stock dividends(14,377)(12,576)
Net loss attributable to the shareholders of The E.W. Scripps Company$(12,751)$(31,116)
Net loss per basic share of common stock attributable to the shareholders of The E.W. Scripps Company$(0.15)$(0.37)
Net loss per diluted share of common stock attributable to the shareholders of The E.W. Scripps Company:$(0.15)$(0.37)

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-3


The E.W. Scripps Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Net income (loss)$1,626 $(18,540)
Changes in defined benefit pension plans, net of tax of $11 and $8
29 25 
Other5  
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to preferred and common stockholders$1,660 $(18,515)
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-4


The E.W. Scripps Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income (loss)$1,626 $(18,540)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization38,688 38,543 
Losses (gains), net on disposal of property and equipment147 896 
Programming assets and liabilities(5,227)(6,924)
Restructuring impairment charges 13,608 
Losses (gains) on sale of investments(18,018) 
Deferred income taxes2,577 6,852 
Stock and deferred compensation plans7,502 5,389 
Pension contributions, net of income/expense(503)(411)
Other changes in certain working capital accounts, net15,226 (26,713)
Miscellaneous, net3,418 2,527 
Net cash provided by operating activities45,436 15,227 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Additions to property and equipment(22,145)(7,782)
Purchase of investments(1,055)(142)
Proceeds from sale of investments18,108  
Miscellaneous, net7 3 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,085)(7,921)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Net borrowings (payments) under revolving credit facility(40,000)20,000 
Payments on long-term debt(3,903)(4,653)
Dividends paid on preferred stock (12,000)
Tax payments related to shares withheld for vested stock and RSUs(1,001)(4,558)
Miscellaneous, net(537)(7,646)
Net cash used in financing activities(45,441)(8,857)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents(5,090)(1,551)
Cash and cash equivalents:
Beginning of year35,319 18,027 
End of period$30,229 $16,476 
Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosures
Interest paid$67,347 $61,973 
Income taxes paid (refunded)$182 $(7,679)
Non-cash investing information
Accrued capital expenditures$882 $2,769 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-5


The E.W. Scripps Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024 and 2023
(in thousands, except per share data)
Preferred
Stock
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss) ("AOCI")
Total
Equity
As of December 31, 2023$414,549 $848 $1,438,518 $(622,222)$(75,510)$1,156,183 
Comprehensive income (loss)— — — 1,626 34 1,660 
Preferred stock dividends, $576 of issuance costs accretion
576 — (576)— —  
Compensation plans: 613,362 net shares issued *
— 6 4,113 — — 4,119 
As of March 31, 2024$415,125 $854 $1,442,055 $(620,596)$(75,476)$1,161,962 
* Net of tax payments related to shares withheld for vested RSUs of $1,001 for the three months ended March 31, 2024.

As of December 31, 2022$412,244 $836 $1,444,501 $350,715 $(77,471)$2,130,825 
Comprehensive income (loss)— — — (18,540)25 (18,515)
Preferred stock dividends, $2,000 per share, $576 of issuance costs accretion
576 — — (12,576)— (12,000)
Compensation plans: 728,266 net shares issued *
— 7 (509)— — (502)
As of March 31, 2023$412,820 $843 $1,443,992 $319,599 $(77,446)$2,099,808 
* Net of tax payments related to shares withheld for vested RSUs of $4,558 for the three months ended March 31, 2023.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
F-6


The E.W. Scripps Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
As used in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, the terms “Scripps,” “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” may, depending on the context, refer to The E.W. Scripps Company, to one or more of its consolidated subsidiary companies, or to all of them taken as a whole.
Basis of Presentation — The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. The interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto included in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In management's opinion, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the interim periods have been made.
Results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for future interim periods or for the full year. Additionally, certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period's presentation.
Principles of Consolidation — The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and those of our wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities ("VIEs") for which we are the primary beneficiary. We are the primary beneficiary of a VIE when we have the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE and have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive returns that would be significant to the VIE. All intercompany transactions and account balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Investments in entities over which we have significant influence but not control are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Income from equity method investments represents our proportionate share of net income generated by equity method investees.
Nature of Operations — We are a diverse media enterprise, serving audiences and businesses through a portfolio of local television stations and national news and entertainment networks. All of our businesses provide content and services via digital platforms, including the Internet, smartphones and tablets. Our media businesses are organized into the following reportable business segments: Local Media, Scripps Networks and Other. Additional information for our business segments is presented in Note 11. Segment Information.

Use of Estimates — Preparing financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make a variety of decisions that affect the reported amounts and the related disclosures. Such decisions include the selection of accounting principles that reflect the economic substance of the underlying transactions and the assumptions on which to base accounting estimates. In reaching such decisions, we apply judgment based on our understanding and analysis of the relevant circumstances, including our historical experience, actuarial studies and other assumptions.

Our financial statements include estimates and assumptions used in accounting for our defined benefit pension plan; the periods over which long-lived assets are depreciated or amortized; the fair value of long-lived assets, goodwill and indefinite lived assets; the liability for uncertain tax positions and valuation allowances against deferred income tax assets; the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations; and self-insured risks.
While we re-evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis, actual results could differ from those estimated at the time of preparation of the financial statements.
Nature of Products and Services — The following is a description of principal activities from which we generate revenue.
Core Advertising Core advertising is comprised of sales to local and national businesses. The advertising includes a combination of broadcast spots as well as digital and connected TV advertising. Pricing of advertising time is based on audience size and share, the demographic of our audiences and the demand for our limited inventory of commercial time. Local advertising time is sold by each station's local sales staff who call upon advertising agencies and local businesses. National
F-7


advertising time is generally sold by calling upon advertising agencies. Digital revenues are primarily generated from the sale of advertising to local and national customers on our local television websites, smartphone apps, tablet apps and other platforms.
Political Advertising Political advertising is generally sold through our Washington, D.C. sales office. Advertising is sold to presidential, gubernatorial, U.S. Senate and House of Representative candidates, as well as for state and local issues. It is also sold to political action groups (PACs) and other advocacy groups.
Distribution Revenues We earn revenues from cable operators, satellite carriers, other multi-channel video programming distributors (collectively "MVPDs"), other online video distributors and subscribers for access rights to our local broadcast signals. These arrangements are generally governed by multi-year contracts and the fees we receive are typically based on the number of subscribers the respective distributor has in our markets and the contracted rate per subscriber.
Refer to Note 11. Segment Information for further information, including revenue by significant product and service offering.
Revenue Recognition — Revenue is measured based on the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for promised goods or services provided to customers, and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers.
Advertising Advertising revenue is recognized, net of agency commissions, over time primarily as ads are aired or impressions are delivered and any contracted audience guarantees are met. We apply the practical expedient to recognize revenue at the amount we have the right to invoice, which corresponds directly to the value a customer has received relative to our performance. For advertising sold based on audience guarantees, audience deficiency may result in an obligation to deliver additional advertisements to the customer. To the extent that we do not satisfy contracted audience ratings, we record deferred revenue until such time that the audience guarantee has been satisfied.
DistributionOur primary source of distribution revenue is from retransmission consent contracts with MVPDs. Retransmission revenues are considered licenses of functional intellectual property and are recognized at the point in time the content is transferred to the customer. MVPDs report their subscriber numbers to us generally on a 30- to 90-day lag. Prior to receiving the MVPD reporting, we record revenue based on estimates of the number of subscribers, utilizing historical levels and trends of subscribers for each MVPD.
Cost of Revenues — Cost of revenues reflects the cost of providing our broadcast signals, programming and other content to respective distribution platforms. The costs captured within the cost of revenues caption include programming, content distribution, satellite transmission fees, production and operations and other direct costs.
Contract Balances — Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of cash collection from customers. We record a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to cash receipt, or unearned revenue when cash is collected in advance of revenue being recognized.
Payment terms may vary by contract type, although our terms generally include a requirement of payment within 30 to 90 days. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined our contracts do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of our invoicing terms is to provide customers with simplified and predictable ways of purchasing our products and services.
The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We estimate the allowance based on expected credit losses, including our historical experience of actual losses and known troubled accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts totaled $5.3 million at March 31, 2024 and $5.0 million at December 31, 2023.
We record unearned revenue when cash payments are received in advance of our performance, including amounts which are refundable. We generally require amounts payable under advertising contracts with political advertising customers to be paid in advance. Unearned revenue totaled $13.9 million at March 31, 2024 and substantially all is expected to be recognized within revenue or refunded over the next 12 months. Unearned revenue totaled $12.2 million at December 31, 2023. We recorded $4.8 million of revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2024 that was included in unearned revenue at December 31, 2023.

Leases — We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, other current liabilities and operating lease liabilities in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Finance leases are included in property and equipment and other long-term liabilities in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

F-8


Lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As the implicit rate is not readily determinable for most of our leases, we use our incremental borrowing rate when determining the present value of lease payments. The incremental borrowing rate represents an estimate of the interest rate we would incur at lease commencement to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over the term of the lease. Our lease assets also include any payments made at or before commencement and are reduced by any lease incentives. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Share-Based Compensation — We have a Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) which is described more fully in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Plan provides for the award of incentive and nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units ("RSUs") and unrestricted Class A Common shares and performance units to key employees and non-employee directors.
Share-based compensation costs totaled $4.6 million and $3.5 million for the first quarter of 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Earnings Per Share (“EPS”) — Unvested awards of share-based payments with non-forfeitable rights to receive dividends or dividend equivalents, such as our RSUs, are considered participating securities for purposes of calculating EPS. Under the two-class method, we allocate a portion of net income to these participating securities and, therefore, exclude that income from the calculation of EPS for common stock. We do not allocate losses to the participating securities.

The following table presents information about basic and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
 Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Numerator (for basic and diluted earnings per share)
Net income (loss)$1,626 $(18,540)
Less preferred stock dividends(14,377)(12,576)
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share$(12,751)$(31,116)
Denominator
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding84,891 83,751 
Effect of dilutive securities  
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding84,891 83,751 

The dilutive effects of performance-based stock awards are included in the computation of diluted earnings per share to the extent the related performance criteria are met through the respective balance sheet reporting date. As of March 31, 2024, potential dilutive securities representing 420,000 shares were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share as the related performance criteria were not yet met, although the Company expects to meet various levels of criteria in the future.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we incurred a net loss and the inclusion of RSUs would be anti-dilutive. The March 31, 2024 and 2023 diluted EPS calculations exclude the effect from 4.4 million and 1.4 million, respectively, of outstanding RSUs that were anti-dilutive. The March 31, 2024 and 2023 basic and dilutive EPS calculations also exclude the impact of the common stock warrant as the effect would be anti-dilutive.

2. Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Standards

In December 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued new guidance that modifies the rules on income tax disclosures. The guidance requires entities to disclose: (1) specific categories in the rate reconciliation, (2) the income or loss from continuing operations before income tax expense or benefit (separated between domestic and foreign) and (3) income tax expense or benefit from continuing operations (separated by federal, state and foreign). The guidance also requires entities to disclose their income tax payments to international, federal, state and local jurisdictions, among other changes. The guidance is effective for our annual periods beginning in 2025, with early adoption permitted. The guidance will be applied on a prospective basis, but retrospective application is permitted. We are currently assessing the impact of this new guidance on our disclosures.

F-9


In November 2023, the FASB issued new guidance which expands annual and interim disclosure requirements for reportable segments, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. The guidance is effective for our annual period beginning in fiscal year 2024 and interim periods beginning in the first quarter of 2025. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance will be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Upon transition, the segment expense categories and amounts disclosed in the prior periods should be based on the significant segment expense categories identified and disclosed in the period of adoption. We are currently assessing the impact of this new guidance on our disclosures.

3. Restructuring Costs and Other Charges and Credits

Restructuring and Reorganization

In January 2023, we announced a strategic restructuring and reorganization of the Company to further leverage our strong position in the U.S. television ecosystem and propel our growth across new distribution platforms and emerging media marketplaces. The restructuring created a leaner and more agile operating structure through the centralization of certain services and the consolidation of layers of management across our operating businesses and corporate office.

Restructuring costs in the first quarter of 2024 and 2023 totaled $5.0 million and $16.5 million, respectively. Restructuring costs include severance charges and outside consulting fees associated with the ongoing strategic reorganization of the Company. First quarter of 2023 also included a $13.6 million charge related to the write-down of certain programming assets in connection with the shutdown of the TrueReal network.

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024 and 2023
(in thousands)
Severance and Employee BenefitsOther Restructuring ChargesTotal
Liability as of December 31, 2023$6,735 $1,430 $8,165 
   Net charges4,563 452 5,015 
   Payments(8,054)(452)(8,506)
   Non-cash (a)
   
Liability as of March 31, 2024$3,244 $1,430 $4,674 

Liability as of December 31, 2022$ $ $ 
   Net charges1,310 15,201 16,511 
   Payments (1,593)(1,593)
   Non-cash (a)
(289)(13,608)(13,897)
Liability as of March 31, 2023$1,021 $ $1,021 
(a) Represents share-based compensation costs and asset write-downs included in restructuring charges.

Other Charges and Credits

On February 9, 2024, following the completed sale of Broadcast Music, Inc. ("BMI") to New Mountain Capital, we received $18.1 million in pre-tax cash proceeds for our equity ownership in BMI. We did not have any carrying value associated with our BMI investment. This gain was included in Miscellaneous, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024.
F-10


4. Income Taxes

We file a consolidated federal income tax return, consolidated unitary tax returns in certain states and other separate state income tax returns for our subsidiary companies.

The income tax provision for interim periods is determined based upon the expected effective income tax rate for the full year and the tax rate applicable to certain discrete transactions in the interim period. To determine the annual effective income tax rate, we must estimate both the total income (loss) before income tax for the full year and the jurisdictions in which that income (loss) is subject to tax. The actual effective income tax rate for the full year may differ from these estimates if income (loss) before income tax is greater than or less than what was estimated or if the allocation of income (loss) to jurisdictions in which it is taxed is different from the estimated allocations. We review and adjust our estimated effective income tax rate for the full year each quarter based upon our most recent estimates of income (loss) before income tax for the full year and the jurisdictions in which we expect that income will be taxed.

The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was 70% and 43%, respectively. Differences between our effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate are the impact of state taxes, foreign taxes, non-deductible expenses, changes in reserves for uncertain tax positions, excess tax benefits or expense from the exercise and vesting of share-based compensation awards ($3.1 million expense in 2024 and $1.2 million expense in 2023), state deferred rate changes ($1.1 million expense in 2024) and state NOL valuation allowance changes.

We recognize state NOL carryforwards as deferred tax assets, subject to valuation allowances. At each balance sheet date, we estimate the amount of carryforwards that are not expected to be used prior to expiration of the carryforward period. The tax effect of the carryforwards that are not expected to be used prior to their expiration is included in the valuation allowance.

5. Leases

We have operating leases for office space, data centers and certain equipment. We also have finance leases for office space. Our leases have lease terms of 1 year to 35 years, some of which may include options to extend the leases for up to 5 years, and some of which may include options to terminate the leases within 1 year. Operating lease costs recognized in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 totaled $6.1 million and $6.8 million, respectively, including short-term lease costs of $1.0 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Amortization of the right-of-use asset for our finance leases totaled $0.2 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Interest expense on the finance leases liability totaled $0.5 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Other information related to our leases was as follows:
(in thousands, except lease term and discount rate)As of 
March 31, 
2024
As of 
December 31, 
2023
Balance Sheet Information
Operating Leases
Right-of-use assets$101,676 $99,194 
Other current liabilities18,307 19,466 
Operating lease liabilities 91,241 87,714 
Finance Leases
Property and equipment, at cost28,321 28,321 
Accumulated depreciation1,061 862 
Property and equipment, net27,260 27,459 
Other liabilities30,470 30,146 
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term
Operating leases 7.80 years7.41 years
Finance leases34.25 years34.50 years
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Operating leases 4.94 %4.43 %
Finance leases7.10 %7.10 %
F-11



Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Supplemental Cash Flows Information
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows from operating leases$5,754 $6,379 
Operating cash flows from finance leases213  
Financing cash flows from finance leases  
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations10,095 2,439 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for finance lease obligations  

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases as of March 31, 2024 were as follows:
(in thousands)Operating
Leases
Finance
Leases
Remainder of 2024$18,349 $1,089 
202522,368 1,776 
202620,497 1,824 
202717,571 1,875 
202814,219 1,926 
Thereafter39,303 90,124 
  Total future minimum lease payments132,307 98,614 
Less: Imputed interest(22,759)(68,144)
    Total$109,548 $30,470 

6. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Local MediaScripps NetworksOtherTotal
Gross balance as of December 31, 2023$1,122,408 $2,028,890 $7,190 $3,158,488 
Accumulated impairment losses(216,914)(973,000) (1,189,914)
Net balance as of December 31, 2023$905,494 $1,055,890 $7,190 $1,968,574 
Gross balance as of March 31, 2024$1,122,408 $2,028,890 $7,190 $3,158,488 
Accumulated impairment losses(216,914)(973,000) (1,189,914)
Net balance as of March 31, 2024$905,494 $1,055,890 $7,190 $1,968,574 

F-12


Other intangible assets consisted of the following:
(in thousands)As of 
March 31, 
2024
As of 
December 31, 
2023
Amortizable intangible assets:
Carrying amount:
Television affiliation relationships$1,060,244 $1,060,244 
Customer lists and advertiser relationships220,997 220,997 
Other137,372 136,452 
Total carrying amount1,418,613 1,417,693 
Accumulated amortization:
Television affiliation relationships(289,680)(276,163)
Customer lists and advertiser relationships(138,455)(132,161)
Other(65,361)(61,606)
Total accumulated amortization(493,496)(469,930)
Net amortizable intangible assets925,117 947,763 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets — FCC licenses779,415 779,415 
Total other intangible assets$1,704,532 $1,727,178 

Estimated amortization expense of intangible assets for each of the next five years is $69.5 million for the remainder of 2024, $90.2 million in 2025, $86.1 million in 2026, $83.2 million in 2027, $62.0 million in 2028, $62.0 million in 2029 and $472.1 million in later years.

Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment annually and any time events occur or changes in circumstances indicate it is more likely than not the fair value of a reporting unit, or respective indefinite-lived intangible asset, is below its carrying value. Such events or changes in circumstances include, but are not limited to, changes in business climate, declines in the price of our stock, or other factors resulting in lower cash flow related to such assets. If the carrying amount exceeds its fair value, then an impairment loss is recognized. The reporting unit valuations used to test goodwill and intangible assets for impairment are dependent on a number of significant estimates and assumptions, including macroeconomic conditions, market growth rates, competitive activities, cost containment, margin expansion and strategic business plans (inputs of which are categorized as Level 3 under the fair value hierarchy). Additionally, future changes in these assumptions and estimates with respect to long-term growth rates and discount rates or future cash flow projections, could result in significantly different estimates of the fair values.

Upon completing our annual impairment test in the fourth quarter of 2023, we determined that the fair value of our Local Media reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by more than 20% and that a goodwill impairment charge was necessary for the Scripps Networks reporting unit. Given that the fair value of the Scripps Networks reporting unit currently approximates carrying value, this reporting unit is more sensitive to changes in assumptions regarding its fair value. While we believe the estimates and judgments used in determining the fair values were appropriate, these estimates of fair value assume certain levels of growth for the business, which, if not achieved, could impact the fair value and possibly result in an impairment of the goodwill in future periods. For example, a 50 basis point increase in the discount rate would reduce the fair value of the Scripps Networks reporting unit by approximately $90 million.

F-13


7. Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
(in thousands)As of 
March 31, 
2024
As of 
December 31, 
2023
Revolving credit facility$290,000 $330,000 
Senior secured notes, due in 2029523,356 523,356 
Senior unsecured notes, due in 2027425,667 425,667 
Senior unsecured notes, due in 2031392,071 392,071 
Term loan, due in 2026726,922 728,825 
Term loan, due in 2028549,000 551,000 
    Total outstanding principal2,907,016 2,950,919 
Less: Debt issuance costs and issuance discounts(36,146)(38,483)
Less: Current portion(15,612)(15,612)
   Net carrying value of long-term debt$2,855,258 $2,896,824 
Fair value of long-term debt *$2,549,369 $2,732,318 
* The fair values of debt are estimated based on either quoted private market transactions or observable estimates provided by third party financial professionals, and as such, are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Scripps Senior Secured Credit Agreement

On July 31, 2023, we entered into the Eighth Amendment to the Third Amended Restated Credit Agreement ("Eighth Amendment"). The Eighth Amendment increased the borrowing capacity of our Revolving Credit Facility from $400 million to $585 million and matures on January 7, 2026. Commitment fees of 0.30% to 0.50% per annum, based on our leverage ratio, of the total unused commitment are payable under the Revolving Credit Facility. Interest is payable on the Revolving Credit Facility at rates based on the secured overnight financing rate ("SOFR"), plus a margin based on our leverage ratio, ranging from 1.75% to 2.75%. As of March 31, 2024, we had $290 million outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility with an interest rate of 8.19%. The weighted-average interest rate over the period during which we had a drawn revolver balance in 2024 was 8.20%. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had outstanding letters of credit totaling $6.9 million and $6.7 million, respectively, under the Revolving Credit Facility.

On October 2, 2017, we issued a $300 million term loan B which was due to mature in October 2024 ("2024 term loan"). On July 31, 2023, we borrowed $283 million on the Revolving Credit Facility to pay off the remaining principal balance of the 2024 term loan. The weighted-average interest rate on the 2024 term loan was 6.53% for the three months ended March 31, 2023.

On May 1, 2019, we issued a $765 million term loan B ("2026 term loan") that matures in May 2026. Interest is currently payable on the 2026 term loan at a rate based on SOFR, plus a fixed margin of 2.56%. The 2026 term loan requires annual principal payments of $7.6 million. Deferred financing costs and original issuance discount totaled approximately $23.0 million with this term loan, which are being amortized over the life of the loan.

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the interest rate on the 2026 term loan was 8.00% and 8.03%, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate on the 2026 term loan was 8.02% and 7.10% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

On January 7, 2021, we issued an $800 million term loan B ("2028 term loan") that matures in January 2028. Interest is currently payable on the 2028 term loan at a rate based on SOFR, plus a fixed margin of 3.00%. Additionally, the credit agreement states the SOFR rate could not be less than 0.75% for our term loans that mature in 2026 and 2028. The 2028 term loan requires annual principal payments of $8.0 million. We incurred deferred financing costs totaling $23.4 million related to this term loan and a previous amendment to the Revolving Credit Facility, which are being amortized over the life of the term loan.

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the interest rate on the 2028 term loan was 8.44% and 8.47%, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate on the 2028 term loan was 8.45% and 7.28% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

The Senior Secured Credit Agreement contains covenants that limit our ability to incur additional debt and provides for restrictions on certain payments (dividends and share repurchases). Additionally, we must be in compliance with certain leverage ratios in order to proceed with acquisitions. Our credit agreement also includes a provision that in certain circumstances we must use a portion of excess cash flow to repay debt. We granted the lenders pledges of our equity interests in our subsidiaries and security interests in substantially all other personal property including cash, accounts receivables and equipment. The Eighth Amendment contains a covenant to comply with a maximum first lien net leverage ratio when we have outstanding borrowings on the Revolving Credit Facility. Through December 31, 2024, we must comply with a maximum first lien net leverage ratio of 5.0 to 1.0, at which point it steps down to 4.75 times through September 30, 2025, and then steps down to 4.50 times thereafter. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with our financial covenants.

2029 Senior Secured Notes

On December 30, 2020, we issued $550 million of senior secured notes (the "2029 Senior Notes"), which bear interest at a rate of 3.875% per annum and mature on January 15, 2029. The 2029 Senior Notes were priced at 100% of par value and interest is payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15. Prior to January 15, 2026, we may redeem the notes, in whole or in part, at applicable redemption prices noted in the indenture agreement. If we sell certain of our assets or have a change of control, the holders of the 2029 Senior Notes may require us to repurchase some or all of the notes. Our credit agreement also includes a provision that in certain circumstances we must use a portion of excess cash flow to repay debt. The 2029 Senior Notes are guaranteed by us and the majority of our subsidiaries and are secured on equal footing with the obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement. The notes are secured, on a first lien basis, from pledges of equity interests in our subsidiaries and by substantially all of the existing and future assets of Scripps. The 2029 Senior Notes contain covenants with which we must comply that are typical for borrowing transactions of this nature.

We incurred approximately $13.8 million of deferred financing costs in connection with the issuance of the 2029 Senior Notes, which are being amortized over the life of the notes.

2027 Senior Unsecured Notes

On July 26, 2019, we issued $500 million of senior unsecured notes, which bear interest at a rate of 5.875% per annum and mature on July 15, 2027 ("the 2027 Senior Notes"). The 2027 Senior Notes were priced at 100% of par value and interest is payable semi-annually on July 15 and January 15. We may redeem the notes before July 15, 2025, in whole or in part, at applicable redemption prices noted in the indenture agreement. If we sell certain of our assets or have a change of control, the holders of the 2027 Senior Notes may require us to repurchase some or all of the notes. The 2027 Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by certain of our existing and future domestic restricted subsidiaries. The 2027 Senior Notes contain covenants with which we must comply that are typical for borrowing transactions of this nature. There are no registration rights associated with the 2027 Senior Notes.

We incurred approximately $10.7 million of deferred financing costs in connection with the issuance of the 2027 Senior Notes, which are being amortized over the life of the notes.

2031 Senior Unsecured Notes

On December 30, 2020, we issued $500 million of senior unsecured notes (the "2031 Senior Notes"), which bear interest at a rate of 5.375% per annum and mature on January 15, 2031. The 2031 Senior Notes were priced at 100% of par value and interest is payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15. We may redeem some or all of the 2031 Senior Notes before January 15, 2026 at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date plus a "make whole" premium. On or after January 15, 2026 and before January 15, 2029, we may redeem the notes, in whole or in part, at applicable redemption prices noted in the indenture agreement. If we sell certain of our assets or have a change of control, the holders of the 2031 Senior Notes may require us to repurchase some or all of the notes. The 2031 Senior Notes are also guaranteed by us and the majority our subsidiaries. The 2031 Senior Notes contain covenants with which we must comply that are typical for borrowing transactions of this nature.

We incurred approximately $12.5 million of deferred financing costs in connection with the issuance of the 2031 Senior Notes, which are being amortized over the life of the notes.

Debt Repurchase Authorization

In February 2023, our Board of Directors provided a new debt repurchase authorization, pursuant to which we may reduce, through redemptions or open market purchases and retirement, a combination of the outstanding principal balance of our senior secured and senior unsecured notes. The authorization permits an aggregate principal amount reduction of up to $500 million and expires on March 1, 2026.

Debt Repurchase Transactions

During the second quarter of 2023, we paid off the remaining $283 million principal balance of the 2024 term loan and wrote-off $0.4 million of deferred financing costs related to this term loan to interest expense.

8. Other Liabilities
Other liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)As of 
March 31, 
2024
As of 
December 31, 
2023
Employee compensation and benefits$31,418 $29,249 
Deferred FCC repack income40,831 41,863 
Programming liability251,570 274,564 
Liability for pension benefits73,090 73,651 
Liabilities for uncertain tax positions16,760 16,334 
Finance leases30,470 30,146 
Other18,437 18,374 
Other liabilities (less current portion)$462,576 $484,181 

9. Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The following table presents additional information about the change in certain working capital accounts:
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Accounts receivable$43,835 $28,782 
Other current assets(12,271)(15,453)
Accounts payable7,535 (4,100)
Accrued employee compensation and benefits(17,168)(3,325)
Accrued interest(15,742)(16,936)
Other accrued liabilities7,917 (12,216)
Unearned revenue1,694 504 
Other, net(574)(3,969)
Total$15,226 $(26,713)


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10. Employee Benefit Plans

We sponsor a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan and non-qualified Supplemental Executive Retirement Plans ("SERPs"). The accrual for future benefits has been frozen in our defined benefit pension plan and SERPs.

We sponsor a defined contribution plan covering substantially all non-union and certain union employees. We match a portion of employees' voluntary contributions to this plan.
Other union-represented employees are covered by defined benefit pension plans jointly sponsored by us and the union, or by union-sponsored multi-employer plans.

The components of the employee benefit plan expense consisted of the following:
 Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Interest cost$5,602 $5,935 
Expected return on plan assets, net of expenses(6,018)(6,306)
Amortization of actuarial loss and prior service cost5 5 
Total for defined benefit pension plan(411)(366)
SERPs234 232 
Defined contribution plan5,503 4,429 
Net periodic benefit cost$5,326 $4,295 

We contributed $0.3 million to fund current benefit payments for our SERPs during the three months ended March 31, 2024. During the remainder of 2024, we anticipate contributing an additional $1.1 million to fund the SERPs' benefit payments. We have met regulatory funding requirements for our qualified benefit pension plan and do not have a mandatory contribution in 2024.

11. Segment Information
We determine our business segments based upon our management and internal reporting structures, as well as the basis on which our chief operating decision maker makes resource-allocation decisions.
Our Local Media segment includes more than 60 local television stations and their related digital operations. It is comprised of 18 ABC affiliates, 11 NBC affiliates, nine CBS affiliates and four FOX affiliates. We also have seven CW affiliates - four on full power stations and three on multicast; seven independent stations and 10 additional low power stations. Our Local Media segment earns revenue primarily from the sale of advertising to local, national and political advertisers and retransmission fees received from cable operators, telecommunications companies, satellite carriers and over-the-top virtual MVPDs.

Our Scripps Networks segment includes national news outlets Scripps News and Court TV as well as popular entertainment brands ION, Bounce, Defy TV, Grit, ION Mystery and Laff. The Scripps Networks reach nearly every U.S. television home through free over-the-air broadcast, cable/satellite, connected TV and digital distribution. These operations earn revenue primarily through the sale of advertising.
Our respective business segment results reflect the impact of intercompany carriage agreements between our local broadcast television stations and our national networks. We also allocate a portion of certain corporate costs and expenses, including accounting, human resources, employee benefit and information technology to our business segments. These intercompany agreements and allocations are generally amounts agreed upon by management, which may differ from an arms-length amount.
The other segment caption aggregates our operating segments that are too small to report separately. Costs for centrally provided services and certain corporate costs that are not allocated to the business segments are included in shared services and corporate costs. These unallocated corporate costs would also include the costs associated with being a public company. Corporate assets are primarily cash and cash equivalents, property and equipment primarily used for corporate purposes and deferred income taxes.

F-15


Our chief operating decision maker evaluates the operating performance of our business segments and makes decisions about the allocation of resources to our business segments using a measure called segment profit. Segment profit excludes interest, defined benefit pension plan amounts, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, divested operating units, restructuring activities, investment results and certain other items that are included in net income (loss) determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Information regarding our business segments is as follows:
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Segment operating revenues:
Local Media$352,836 $311,923 
Scripps Networks209,278 216,473 
Other4,113 3,756 
Intersegment eliminations(4,763)(4,374)
Total operating revenues$561,464 $527,778 
Segment profit (loss):
Local Media$65,556 $45,843 
Scripps Networks49,654 51,526 
Other(6,397)(1,532)
Shared services and corporate(21,575)(23,405)
Restructuring costs(5,015)(16,511)
Depreciation and amortization of intangible assets(38,688)(38,543)
Gains (losses), net on disposal of property and equipment(147)(896)
Interest expense(54,917)(48,838)
Defined benefit pension plan income177 134 
Miscellaneous, net16,821 (503)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes$5,469 $(32,725)
Depreciation:
Local Media$10,033 $9,853 
Scripps Networks4,825 4,736 
Other60 45 
Shared services and corporate202 419 
Total depreciation$15,120 $15,053 
Amortization of intangible assets:
Local Media$8,945 $8,980 
Scripps Networks12,977 13,009 
Other451 449 
Shared services and corporate1,195 1,052 
Total amortization of intangible assets$23,568 $23,490 
Additions to property and equipment:
Local Media$15,461 $7,267 
Scripps Networks2,316 194 
Other118  
Shared services and corporate2 835 
Total additions to property and equipment$17,897 $8,296 

F-16


A disaggregation of the principal activities from which we generate revenue is as follows:
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Operating revenues:
Core advertising$333,790 $348,574 
Political15,968 3,525 
Distribution202,560 166,559 
Other9,146 9,120 
Total operating revenues$561,464 $527,778 

12. Capital Stock
Capital Stock — We have two classes of common shares, Common Voting shares and Class A Common shares. The Class A Common shares are only entitled to vote on the election of the greater of three or one-third of the directors and other matters as required by Ohio law.
On January 7, 2021, we issued 6,000 shares of series A preferred stock, having a face value of $100,000 per share. The preferred shares are perpetual and will be redeemable at the option of the Company beginning on the fifth anniversary of issuance, and redeemable at the option of the holders in the event of a Change of Control (as defined in the terms of the preferred shares), in each case at a redemption price of 105% of the face value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends (whether or not declared). As long as the Company pays quarterly dividends in cash on the preferred shares, the dividend rate will be 8% per annum. Preferred stock dividends declared and paid were $12.0 million during the first three months of 2023.
If dividends on the preferred shares, which compound quarterly, are not paid in full in cash, the rate will increase to 9% per annum for the remaining period of time that the preferred shares are outstanding. We did not declare or provide payment for the first quarter 2024 dividend. At March 31, 2024, aggregated undeclared and unpaid cumulative dividends totaled $13.5 million and the redemption value of the preferred stock totaled $644 million.
Under the terms of the preferred shares, we are prohibited from paying dividends on and repurchasing our common shares until all preferred shares are redeemed.
Class A Common Shares Stock Warrant — In connection with the issuance of the preferred shares, Berkshire Hathaway, Inc. ("Berkshire Hathaway") also received a warrant to purchase up to 23.1 million Class A shares, at an exercise price of $13 per share. The warrant is exercisable at the holder's option at any time or from time to time, in whole or in part, until the first anniversary of the date on which no preferred shares remain outstanding.


F-17


13. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") by component, including items reclassified out of AOCI, were as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
(in thousands)Defined Benefit Pension ItemsOtherTotal
Beginning balance, December 31, 2023$(75,247)$(263)$(75,510)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications   
Amounts reclassified from AOCI, net of tax of $11(a)
29 5 34 
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)29 5 34 
Ending balance, March 31, 2024$(75,218)$(258)$(75,476)


Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
(in thousands)Defined Benefit Pension ItemsOtherTotal
Beginning balance, December 31, 2022$(77,327)$(144)$(77,471)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications   
Amounts reclassified from AOCI, net of tax of $8(a)
25  25 
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)25  25 
Ending balance, March 31, 2023$(77,302)$(144)$(77,446)
(a) Actuarial gain (loss) is included in defined benefit pension plan expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

F-18


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. You should read this discussion in conjunction with those financial statements.

Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains certain forward-looking statements related to the Company's businesses that are based on management’s current expectations. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties, including changes in advertising demand and other economic conditions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations expressed in forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this document and should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty. A detailed discussion of principal risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results and events to differ materially from such forward-looking statements is included in the section titled “Risk Factors.” The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date the statement is made.

Executive Overview

The E.W. Scripps Company (“Scripps”) is a diverse media enterprise that serves audiences and businesses through a portfolio of more than 60 local television stations in more than 40 markets and national news and entertainment networks. Our local stations have programming agreements with ABC, NBC, CBS, FOX and the CW. The Scripps Networks reach nearly every American through national news outlets Scripps News and Court TV and popular entertainment brands ION, Bounce, Defy TV, Grit, ION Mystery and Laff. Scripps News is our national news outlet that combines our 24/7 national news network, the Local Media national desk and our award-winning investigative reporting newsroom in Washington, D.C. into one coordinated organization. The combined operation more efficiently serves national audiences and our local television stations. We also serve as the longtime steward of one of the nation's largest, most successful and longest-running educational programs, the Scripps National Spelling Bee. Additionally, we provide a television viewing device called Tablo that allows households to watch and record dozens of free, over-the-air and streaming channels anywhere in their home without a subscription.

Scripps is a leader in free, ad-supported television. All of our local stations and national networks reach consumers over the air, and all of our television brands can also be found on free streaming platforms. We have continued to expand in the fast-growing connected television marketplace, and we are leveraging our leadership position in the growing over-the-air marketplace. Currently, one in three non pay-TV homes is watching television over the air alongside their streaming subscription services, and as cord-cutting and streaming service price increases continue, over-the-air channels will be an important part of television viewers' choices. To that end, Scripps continues efforts to broaden antenna use even more, and is working with key partners in retail, manufacturing and antenna installation to help television owners understand the quality and quantity of programming available over the air and the ease of antenna use. During 2024, we will continue our efforts to build awareness, grow the broadcast marketplace and improve consumers over-the-air television experiences through our Tablo product.

In January 2023, we announced a strategic restructuring and reorganization of the Company to further leverage our strong position in the U.S. television ecosystem and propel our growth across new distribution platforms and emerging media marketplaces. Lisa Knutson was named chief operating officer, assuming responsibility for the Local Media and Scripps Networks operating divisions, and was tasked with leading the Company’s restructuring efforts. The restructuring created a leaner and more agile operating structure through the centralization of certain services and the consolidation of layers of management across our operating businesses and corporate office. We currently anticipate this effort will result in more than $40 million in annual savings, of which $20 million of the annualized savings was achieved by the end of 2023. We currently anticipate our restructuring efforts to be substantially completed by the middle of 2024.

In April 2024, we began a public process to explore the sale of our Bounce multi-cast television network. Bounce, which is available in approximately 98% of U.S. television broadcast homes, broadcasts a combination of syndicated shows, movies and original content that is created for Black audiences.

F-19


Preferred stock dividends declared and paid in the first three months of 2023 totaled $12.0 million. We did not declare or provide payment for the first quarter 2024 dividend. We currently have sufficient liquidity to pay the scheduled dividends on the preferred shares; however, this action provides us better flexibility for accelerating deleveraging and maximizing the paydown of our traditional bank debt. Under the terms of the preferred shares, we are prohibited from paying dividends on and repurchasing our common shares until all preferred shares are redeemed.

Results of Operations
The trends and underlying economic conditions affecting the operating performance and future prospects differ for each of our business segments. Accordingly, you should read the following discussion of our consolidated results of operations in conjunction with the discussion of the operating performance of our business segments that follows.
Consolidated Results of Operations
Consolidated results of operations were as follows:
Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)2024Change2023
Operating revenues$561,464 6.4 %$527,778 
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization(328,533)6.5 %(308,460)
Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization(145,693)(0.8)%(146,886)
Restructuring costs(5,015)(16,511)
Depreciation and amortization of intangible assets(38,688)(38,543)
Gains (losses), net on disposal of property and equipment(147)(896)
Operating income43,388 16,482 
Interest expense(54,917)(48,838)
Defined benefit pension plan income177 134 
Miscellaneous, net16,821 (503)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes5,469 (32,725)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(3,843)14,185 
Net income (loss)$1,626 $(18,540)

Operating revenues increased $33.7 million or 6.4% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter, driven by an increase in distribution revenues of $36.0 million. The increase was driven by Local Media, as we completed distribution agreement renewals for approximately 75% of our subscriber households in 2023.

Cost of revenues, which is comprised of programming costs and costs associated with distributing our content, increased $20.1 million or 6.5% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Programming expense increased $14.0 million or 6.9% when compared to the prior year quarter, driven by $10.1 million in new sports rights fees associated with the airing of games for the National Hockey League's Vegas Golden Knights and Arizona Coyotes as well as the National Women's Soccer League ("NWSL"). The remainder of the increase in programming expense was due to higher network affiliation fees and syndicated programming costs. Production costs increased cost of revenues by $3.7 million when compared to the prior year quarter, driven by the television production costs associated with airing of the Vegas Golden Knights, Arizona Coyotes and NWSL games.

Selling, general and administrative expenses are primarily comprised of sales, marketing and advertising expenses, research costs and costs related to corporate administrative functions. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $1.2 million or 0.8% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter.

Restructuring costs totaled $5.0 million and $16.5 million for the first three months of 2024 and 2023, respectively. Restructuring costs include severance charges and outside consulting fees associated with the ongoing strategic reorganization of the Company. First quarter of 2023 also included a $13.6 million charge related to the write-down of certain programming assets in connection with the shutdown of the TrueReal network.

F-20


Depreciation and amortization of intangible assets remained relatively flat in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter.

Interest expense increased $6.1 million in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to higher year-over-year interest rates on our variable debt borrowings.

On February 9, 2024, following the completed sale of Broadcast Music, Inc. ("BMI") to New Mountain Capital, we received $18.1 million in pre-tax cash proceeds for our equity ownership in BMI. We did not have any carrying value associated with our BMI investment. This gain was included in Miscellaneous, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024.

The effective income tax rate was 70% and 43% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Differences between our effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate are the impact of state taxes, foreign taxes, non-deductible expenses, changes in reserves for uncertain tax positions, excess tax benefits or expense from the exercise and vesting of share-based compensation awards ($3.1 million expense in 2024 and $1.2 million expense in 2023), state deferred rate changes ($1.1 million expense in 2024) and state NOL valuation allowance changes.


F-21


Business Segment Results — As discussed in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, our chief operating decision maker evaluates the operating performance of our business segments using a measure called segment profit. Segment profit excludes interest, defined benefit pension plan amounts, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, divested operating units, restructuring activities, investment results and certain other items that are included in net income (loss) determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Items excluded from segment profit generally result from decisions made in prior periods or from decisions made by corporate executives rather than the managers of the business segments. Depreciation and amortization charges are the result of decisions made in prior periods regarding the allocation of resources and are, therefore, excluded from the measure. Generally, our corporate executives make financing, tax structure and divestiture decisions. Excluding these items from measurement of our business segment performance enables us to evaluate business segment operating performance based upon current economic conditions and decisions made by the managers of those business segments in the current period.
Our respective business segment results reflect the impact of intercompany carriage agreements between our local broadcast television stations and our national networks. We also allocate a portion of certain corporate costs and expenses, including accounting, human resources, employee benefit and information technology to our business segments. These intercompany agreements and allocations are generally amounts agreed upon by management, which may differ from an arms-length amount.
The other segment caption aggregates our operating segments that are too small to report separately. Costs for centrally provided services and certain corporate costs that are not allocated to the business segments are included in shared services and corporate costs. These unallocated corporate costs would also include the costs associated with being a public company. Corporate assets are primarily cash and cash equivalents, property and equipment primarily used for corporate purposes and deferred income taxes.

Information regarding the operating performance of our business segments and a reconciliation of such information to the condensed consolidated financial statements is as follows:
 Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)2024Change2023
Segment operating revenues:
Local Media
$352,836 13.1 %$311,923 
Scripps Networks209,278 (3.3)%216,473 
Other
4,113 9.5 %3,756 
  Intersegment eliminations(4,763)8.9 %(4,374)
Total operating revenues$561,464 6.4 %$527,778 
Segment profit (loss):  
Local Media
$65,556 43.0 %$45,843 
Scripps Networks49,654 (3.6)%51,526 
Other
(6,397)(1,532)
Shared services and corporate
(21,575)(7.8)%(23,405)
Restructuring costs(5,015)(16,511)
Depreciation and amortization of intangible assets(38,688)(38,543)
Gains (losses), net on disposal of property and equipment(147)(896)
Interest expense(54,917)(48,838)
Defined benefit pension plan income177 134 
Miscellaneous, net16,821 (503)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes$5,469  $(32,725)



F-22


Local Media — Our Local Media segment includes more than 60 local television stations and their related digital operations. It is comprised of 18 ABC affiliates, 11 NBC affiliates, nine CBS affiliates and four FOX affiliates. We also have seven CW affiliates - four on full power stations and three on multicast; seven independent stations and 10 additional low power stations. Our Local Media segment earns revenue primarily from the sale of advertising to local, national and political advertisers and retransmission fees received from cable operators, telecommunications companies, satellite carriers and over-the-top virtual MVPDs.
National television networks offer affiliates a variety of programming and sell the majority of advertising within those programs. In addition to network programs, we broadcast internally produced local and national programs, syndicated programs, sporting events and other programs of interest in each station's market. News is the primary focus of our locally produced programming.
The operating performance of our Local Media group is most affected by local and national economic conditions, particularly conditions within the automotive and services categories, and by the volume of advertising purchased by campaigns for elective office and political issues. The demand for political advertising is significantly higher in the third and fourth quarters of even-numbered years.
Operating results for our Local Media segment were as follows:
 Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)2024Change2023
Segment operating revenues:   
Core advertising$136,443 (3.4)%$141,313 
Political15,166 3,525 
Distribution197,499 20.8 %163,441 
Other3,728 2.3 %3,644 
Total operating revenues352,836 13.1 %311,923 
Segment costs and expenses:
Employee compensation and benefits106,726 1.0 %105,714 
Programming130,744 10.8 %118,052 
Other expenses49,810 17.7 %42,314 
Total costs and expenses287,280 8.0 %266,080 
Segment profit$65,556 43.0 %$45,843 

Revenues

Total Local Media revenues increased $40.9 million or 13% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Distribution revenues increased $34.1 million or 21% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Rate increases, driven by the 2023 renewal negotiations on distribution agreements covering about 75% of our subscriber households, favorably impacted year-over-year distributions revenues by 28% which more than offset the mid-single-digit subscriber declines experienced during 2024. During this election year, political revenues increased $11.6 million for the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in core advertising revenues of $4.9 million or 3.4% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter.

Costs and expenses

Employee compensation and benefits increased $1.0 million or 1.0% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter.

Programming expense increased $12.7 million or 11% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Costs attributed to the new Vegas Golden Knights and Arizona Coyotes sports rights agreements increased year-over-year programming expense by $9.1 million.

Other expenses increased $7.5 million or 18% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter, driven by a $4.1 million increase in production costs.

F-23


Scripps Networks — Our Scripps Networks segment includes national news outlets Scripps News and Court TV and popular entertainment brands ION, Bounce, Defy TV, Grit, ION Mystery and Laff. The networks reach nearly every U.S. television home through free over-the-air broadcast, cable/satellite, connected TV and digital distribution. Our Scripps Networks group earns revenue primarily through the sale of advertising. The advertising received by our national networks can be subject to seasonal and cyclical variations and is most impacted by national economic conditions.
Operating results for our Scripps Networks segment were as follows:
 Three Months Ended 
March 31,
(in thousands)2024Change2023
Total operating revenues$209,278 (3.3)%$216,473 
Segment costs and expenses:
Employee compensation and benefits29,981 (0.6)%30,173 
Programming89,162 2.0 %87,406 
Other expenses40,481 (14.5)%47,368 
Total costs and expenses159,624 (3.2)%164,947 
Segment profit$49,654 (3.6)%$51,526 

Revenues

Scripps Networks revenues, which are primarily comprised of advertising revenues, decreased $7.2 million or 3.3% in the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Excluding the impact of the low-margin programmatic product we began to sunset in the second quarter of 2023, Scripps Networks revenues decreased 0.8% year-over-year. The amount of advertising revenue we earn is a function of the pricing negotiated with advertisers, the number of advertising spots sold and the audience impressions delivered. Lower ratings in our key monetized demographics unfavorably impacted Scripps Networks revenues by 4.5% year-over-year, which was partially offset by the expanded distribution of our networks on connected TV ("CTV") platforms that increased revenues 1.5% year-over-year.

Costs and expenses

Employee compensation and benefits decreased $0.2 million or 0.6% for the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter.

Programming expense increased $1.8 million or 2.0% for the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Costs attributed to the new National Women's Soccer League sports rights agreement increased year-over-year programming expense $1.0 million.

Other expenses decreased $6.9 million or 15% for the first three months of 2024 when compared to the prior year quarter. Excluding the impact of the low-margin programmatic product we began to sunset in the second quarter of 2023, other expenses decreased 5.9% year-over-year, driven by lower marketing and promotion costs.
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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary source of liquidity is our available cash and borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility. Our primary source of cash is generated from our ongoing operations and can be affected by various risk and uncertainties. At the end of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $30.2 million of cash on hand and $288 million of additional borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility. Based on our current business plan, we believe our cash flow from operations will provide sufficient liquidity to meet the Company’s operating needs for the next 12 months.

Cash Flows

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Net cash provided by operating activities$45,436 $15,227 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,085)(7,921)
Net cash used in financing activities(45,441)(8,857)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents$(5,090)$(1,551)

Cash flows from operating activities

Cash provided by operating activities increased $30.2 million in 2024 compared to 2023 driven by a $14.8 million year-over-year increase in segment profit and a $41.9 million increase in cash provided by changes in certain working capital accounts. These year-over-year increases were partially offset by a $7.9 million increase in net cash used for income taxes, an increase of $5.4 million in cash interest paid and an increase of $6.9 million in cash restructuring payments.

Cash flows from investing activities

Cash used in investing activities was $5.1 million in 2024 compared to $7.9 million in 2023. On February 9, 2024, following the completed sale of Broadcast Music, Inc. ("BMI") to New Mountain Capital, we received $18.1 million in pre-tax cash proceeds for our equity ownership in BMI. This increase in cash provided by investing activities was more than offset by $22.1 million of capital expenditures in 2024. Capital expenditures in 2023 were $7.8 million.

Cash flows from financing activities

Cash used in financing activities was $45.4 million in 2024 compared to $8.9 million in 2023. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had $290 million and $330 million, respectively, outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility, resulting in net debt payments of $40.0 million during the first quarter of 2024. During the first quarter of 2023, we had net debt proceeds of $20 million, reflecting borrowings on our Revolving Credit Facility. Preferred stock dividends declared and paid were $12.0 million in the first three months of 2023.

Debt

On July 31, 2023, we entered into the Eighth Amendment to the Third Amended Restated Credit Agreement ("Eighth Amendment"). Under the Eighth Amendment, we have a $585 million Revolving Credit Facility that matures on January 7, 2026. In connection with our credit agreement, we also have $1.3 billion of outstanding balance on our term loans as of March 31, 2024. The annual required principal payments on these term loans total $15.6 million and the earliest maturity date for any of the loans in May of 2026.

As of March 31, 2024, we also have $1.3 billion of senior notes outstanding. Senior secured notes totaling $523 million bear interest at a rate of 3.875% per annum and mature on January 15, 2029. Senior unsecured notes have a total outstanding principal balance of $818 million. The senior unsecured notes that mature on July 15, 2027 bear interest at 5.875% per annum and the senior unsecured notes that mature on January 15, 2031 bear interest at a rate of 5.375% per annum.
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Debt Covenants

Our term loans and notes do not have maintenance covenants. The earliest maturity of our term loans and notes is the second quarter of 2026. The Eighth Amendment to our Revolving Credit Facility permits a maximum leverage through December 31, 2024 of 5.0 times the two-year average earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as defined by our credit agreement. The maximum leverage covenant steps down to 4.75 times through September 30, 2025, and then steps down to 4.50 times thereafter. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with our financial covenants.

Debt Repurchase Program

In February 2023, our Board of Directors provided a new repurchase authorization, pursuant to which we may reduce, through redemptions or open market purchases and retirement, a combination of the outstanding principal balance of our senior secured and senior unsecured notes. The authorization currently permits an aggregate principal amount reduction of up to $500 million and expires on March 1, 2026.

Equity

On January 7, 2021 we issued 6,000 shares of series A preferred stock, having a face value of $100,000 per share.
The preferred shares are perpetual and will be redeemable at the option of the Company beginning on the fifth anniversary of issuance, and redeemable at the option of the holders in the event of a Change of Control (as defined in the terms of the preferred shares), in each case at a redemption price of 105% of the face value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends (whether or not declared). Preferred stock dividends declared and paid in the first three months of 2023 totaled $12.0 million. We did not declare or provide payment for the first quarter 2024 dividend. We currently have sufficient liquidity to pay the scheduled dividends on the preferred shares; however, this action provides us better flexibility for accelerating deleveraging and maximizing the paydown of our traditional bank debt. At March 31, 2024, aggregated undeclared and unpaid cumulative dividends totaled $13.5 million. In connection with the issuance of the preferred shares, Berkshire Hathaway also received a warrant to purchase up to 23.1 million Class A shares, at an exercise price of $13 per share.

Under the terms of the preferred shares, we are prohibited from paying dividends on and repurchasing our common shares until all preferred shares are redeemed.

Other
During the remainder of 2024, we anticipate contributing an additional $1.1 million to fund the SERPs' benefit payments. We have met regulatory funding requirements for our qualified benefit pension plan and do not have a mandatory contribution in 2024.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
There have been no material changes to the off-balance sheet arrangements disclosed in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires us to make a variety of decisions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures, including the selection of appropriate accounting principles and the assumptions on which to base accounting estimates. In reaching such decisions, we apply judgment based on our understanding and analysis of the relevant circumstances, including our historical experience, actuarial studies and other assumptions. We are committed to incorporating accounting principles, assumptions and estimates that promote the representational faithfulness, verifiability, neutrality and transparency of the accounting information included in the financial statements.

Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K describes the significant accounting policies we have selected for use in the preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures. An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made and if different estimates that reasonably could have been used or changes in estimates that are likely to occur could materially change the financial statements. We believe the accounting for
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acquisitions, goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets and pension plans to be our most critical accounting policies and estimates. A detailed description of these accounting policies is included in the Critical Accounting Policies section of Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Recent Accounting Guidance
    Refer to Note 2. Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Standards of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q) for further discussion.







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Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Earnings and cash flow can be affected by, among other things, economic conditions and interest rate changes. We are also exposed to changes in the market value of our investments.
Our objectives in managing interest rate risk are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on our earnings and cash flows and to reduce overall borrowing costs. We may use derivative financial instruments to modify exposure to risks from fluctuations in interest rates. In accordance with our policy, we do not use derivative instruments unless there is an underlying exposure, and we do not hold or enter into financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.
We are subject to interest rate risk associated with our credit agreement, as borrowings bear interest at the secured overnight financing rate ("SOFR") plus respective fixed margin spreads or spreads determined relative to our Company’s leverage ratio. Accordingly, the interest we pay on our borrowings is dependent on interest rate conditions and the timing of our financing needs. A 100 basis point increase in SOFR would increase annual interest expense on our variable rate borrowings by approximately $15.7 million.
The following table presents additional information about market-risk-sensitive financial instruments:
 As of March 31, 2024As of December 31, 2023
(in thousands)Cost
Basis
Fair
Value
Cost
Basis
Fair
Value
Financial instruments subject to interest rate risk:    
Revolving credit facility$290,000 $290,000 $330,000 $330,000 
Senior secured notes, due in 2029523,356 416,068 523,356 463,170 
Senior unsecured notes, due in 2027425,667 355,432 425,667 378,843 
Senior unsecured notes, due in 2031392,071 242,104 392,071 286,212 
Term loan, due in 2026726,922 721,470 728,825 727,914 
Term loan, due in 2028549,000 524,295 551,000 546,179 
Long-term debt, including current portion$2,907,016 $2,549,369 $2,950,919 $2,732,318 
Financial instruments subject to market value risk:    
Investments held at cost$21,079 (a)$21,169 (a)