Company Quick10K Filing
Sensata Technologies
Price49.40 EPS3
Shares163 P/E17
MCap8,041 P/FCF19
Net Debt2,503 EBIT564
TEV10,543 TEV/EBIT19
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-12
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-10-27
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-07-28
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-29
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-11
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-30
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-07-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-01
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-06
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-24
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-04-24
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-01
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-24
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-07-25
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-04-25
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-02
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-10-25
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-07-26
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-04-26
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-02
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-10-27
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-07-28
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-04-28
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-03
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-10-28
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-07-29
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-04-29
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-06
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-29
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-07-29
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-04-29
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-08
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-10-26
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-07-27
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-01
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-10
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-10-24
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-07-22
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-04-22
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-01-31
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-10-22
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-07-26
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-04-26
8-K 2020-10-27
8-K 2020-09-08
8-K 2020-09-04
8-K 2020-08-17
8-K 2020-08-03
8-K 2020-07-31
8-K 2020-07-28
8-K 2020-05-28
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-04-01
8-K 2020-03-16
8-K 2020-02-14
8-K 2020-02-11
8-K 2020-01-17
8-K 2019-10-30
8-K 2019-09-20
8-K 2019-09-10
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-07-30
8-K 2019-05-28
8-K 2019-05-01
8-K 2019-03-27
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2019-01-21
8-K 2018-10-30
8-K 2018-08-28
8-K 2018-07-24
8-K 2018-05-31
8-K 2018-04-24
8-K 2018-02-21
8-K 2018-02-16
8-K 2018-02-06
8-K 2018-02-01
8-K 2018-01-01

ST 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B.Other Information
Part III
Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance
Item 11.Executive Compensation
Item 12.Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14.Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15.Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
EX-10.41 exhibit1041-2020_prsuxfinal.htm
EX-10.42 exhibit1042-xirgosecuritie.htm
EX-21.1 exhibit211_123120.htm
EX-23.1 exhibit231_123120.htm
EX-31.1 exhibit311_123120.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312_123120.htm
EX-31.3 exhibit313_123120.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321_123120.htm
EX-99.1 exhibit991-xirgoannounceme.htm

Sensata Technologies Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.08.06.04.02.00.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
1.00.80.60.40.20.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
1.00.60.2-0.3-0.7-1.12012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-K
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-34652
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
SENSATA TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING PLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
England and Wales
98-1386780
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
529 Pleasant Street, Attleboro, Massachusetts, 02703, United States
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code))
+1 (508) 236 3800
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares - nominal value €0.01 per shareSTNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filero
Non-accelerated filero Smaller reporting company
 Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s ordinary shares held by non-affiliates at June 30, 2020 was approximately $5.8 billion based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price for such shares on that date.
As of January 29, 2021, 157,645,484 ordinary shares were outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III of this Report incorporates information from certain portions of the registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days of the registrant's fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.


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Cautionary Statements Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), including any documents incorporated by reference herein, includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results and estimates of amounts not yet determinable. These forward-looking statements also relate to our future prospects, developments, and business strategies. These forward-looking statements may be identified by terminology such as "may," "will," "could," "should," "expect," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "project," "forecast," "continue," "intend," "plan," and similar terms or phrases, or the negative of such terminology, including references to assumptions. However, these terms are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.
Forward-looking statements contained herein, or in other statements made by us, are made based on management’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events impacting us. These statements are subject to uncertainties and other important factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict, and many of which are beyond our control, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those matters expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions, and expectations reflected in, or suggested by, such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by these forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition.
We believe that the following important factors, among others (including those described in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," included elsewhere in this Report), could affect our future performance and the liquidity and value of our securities and cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf:
Future risks and existing uncertainties associated with the coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, which continues to have a significant adverse impact on our business and operations including: (i) full or partial shutdowns of our facilities as mandated by government decrees, (ii) limited ability to adjust certain costs due to government actions, (iii) significant travel restrictions and “work-from-home” orders limiting the availability of our workforce, (iv) supplier constraints and supply-chain interruptions, (v) logistics challenges and limitations, (vi) reduced demand from certain customers, (vi) uncertainties associated with a protracted economic slowdown that could negatively affect the financial condition of our customers and suppliers, and (vii) uncertainties and volatility in the global capital markets;
instability and changes in the global markets, including regulatory, political, economic, governmental, and military matters, such as the recent exit of the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") from the European Union (the "EU");
adverse conditions or competition in the industries upon which we are dependent, including the automotive industry;
losses and costs as a result of intellectual property, product liability, warranty, and recall claims;
market acceptance of new product introductions and product innovations;
inability to realize all of the revenue or achieve anticipated gross margins from products subject to existing purchase orders for which we are currently engaged in development;
supplier interruption or non-performance, limiting our access to manufactured components or raw materials;
risks related to the acquisition or disposition of businesses, or the restructuring of our business;
labor disruptions or increased labor costs;
competitive pressure from customers that could require us to reduce prices or result in reduced demand;
security breaches, cyber theft of our intellectual property, and other disruptions to our information technology infrastructure, or improper disclosure of confidential, personal, or proprietary data;
our ability to attract and retain key senior management and qualified technical, sales, and other personnel;
foreign currency risks, changes in socioeconomic conditions, or changes to monetary and fiscal policies;
our level of indebtedness, or our inability to meet debt service obligations or comply with the covenants contained in the credit agreement and senior notes indentures;
changes to current policies, such as trade tariffs, by various governments worldwide;
risks related to the potential for goodwill impairment;
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the impact of challenges by taxing authorities of our historical and future tax positions or our allocation of taxable income among our subsidiaries, unfavorable developments in taxation sentiments in countries where we do business, and challenges to the sovereign taxation regimes of EU member states by the European Commission and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development;
changes to, or inability to comply with, various regulations, including tax laws, import/export regulations, anti-bribery laws, environmental, health, and safety laws, and other governmental regulations; and
risks related to our domicile in the U.K.
In addition, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact our business and financial results going forward will be dependent on future developments, such as the length and severity of the crisis, the potential resurgence of the crisis, future government actions in response to the crisis and the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and capital markets, among many other factors, all of which remain highly uncertain and unpredictable.
All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf speak only as of the date of this Report and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this Report. We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. We urge readers to review carefully the risk factors described in this Report and in the other documents that we file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. You can read these documents at www.sec.gov or on our website at www.sensata.com.
PART I
ITEM 1.     BUSINESS
The Company
The reporting company is Sensata Technologies Holding plc, a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as the "Company," "Sensata," "we," "our," and "us."
We are a global industrial technology company that develops, manufactures, and sells sensors, electrical protection products, and other products that are used in mission-critical systems and applications that create valuable business insights for our customers and end users. For more than 100 years, we have been providing a wide range of customized, sensor-rich solutions that address increasingly complex engineering and operating performance requirements to help our customers solve their most difficult challenges in the automotive, heavy vehicle and off-road ("HVOR"), industrial, and aerospace industries. We operate in, and report financial information for, two reportable segments: Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions.
Original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") are producing products that are safer, cleaner, more efficient, more electrified, and increasingly more connected. Our sensors are used by our customers to translate a physical parameter, such as pressure, temperature, position, or location of an object, into electronic signals that our customers’ products and solutions can act upon. Our electrical protection product portfolio is comprised of various sensors, controllers, receivers, and software, and includes high-voltage contactors and other products embedded within systems to maximize their efficiency and protect them from excessive heat or current.
We have long-standing relationships with a geographically diverse base of leading OEMs and other multinational companies. In geographic and product markets where we lack established relationships with customers, we rely on third-party distributors to sell our products. We have had relationships with our top ten customers for an average of 31 years. Our largest customer accounted for approximately 7% of our net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Business Strategy
Our business strategy involves leveraging certain new and emerging technology trends, which complement our existing product offerings, to deliver products used in mission-critical systems and applications that create valuable business insights for our customers and end users. Each of these trends, which we refer to as “megatrends,” is expected to significantly transform the industries in which we operate. Refer to Megatrends section for additional detailed information on the new and emerging technologies that we consider key to our strategies.
These megatrends are also creating greater secular demand for our products, resulting in growth that exceeds end-market production growth in many of the markets we serve, a defining characteristic of our company. We refer to this as “market
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outgrowth,” which describes the impact of an increasing quantity and value of our products used in customer systems and applications, and is only loosely correlated to normal unit demand fluctuations in the markets we serve.
Our customers are facing ever increasing mandates, due to regulation and consumer demand, to make their products cleaner, more efficient, and safer, while providing more comfort-related features. Our sensors are being used in mission-critical systems and applications that are addressing these demands, including those that help: industrial customers to make more efficient pumps and boilers; automotive customers to meet the standards of emissions and pollution control legislation; and fleet managers to proactively monitor the health of their vehicles, conduct proactive maintenance, optimize fleet operations, and enhance driver safety. We consider these capabilities to be core to our historical success, and will continue to be significant drivers of outgrowth in the future.
We believe the medium- to long-term outlook for internal combustion engine powertrain products will evolve with the advent of more environmentally friendly vehicles that rely more heavily on Electrification (as defined in the Megatrends section below) and other adjacent technologies. Accordingly, we are focusing on expanding our market share on electrified platforms, including both sensor and electrical protection products. Many of the components and subsystems that we have historically developed and produced will play a significant role in this expansion, but we will also seek strategic partnerships and acquisitions to accelerate the growth and transformation of our product portfolio. By entering into such relationships, we obtain access to new technologies and solutions, which we can leverage with our existing expertise to optimize and expand our product portfolio. Beyond Electrification, we also recognize the potential market impact of autonomous vehicles and advanced driver-assistance systems ("ADAS"), and are developing sensors to facilitate development of this market by manufacturers of vehicles (light passenger, heavy on and off-road) and material handling equipment.
In addition, in our HVOR business, we are working on integrating our current products with software and services, as well as data collection, analysis, and insight capabilities, that will provide a large opportunity across the market segment. We also believe that adoption of driver assistance technologies, like radar, is a growth area – whether mandated by government legislation (such as the pedestrian safety requirements in the European Union ("EU")) or adopted by OEMs ahead of regulations.
We are also seeking to expand our business and accelerate market share in other areas that we believe will experience high growth in the future, such as deployment of Internet of Things (“IoT”) solutions for buildings, factories and warehouses. This is driven by the need for smarter and more connected sensors that collect, analyze, and provide insights into how a particular industrial environment is operating and ultimately make that environment more productive and efficient. We also believe that the industrial markets will see higher adoption of autonomous technologies to enhance productivity resulting in higher demand for our radar solutions.
Megatrends
New and emerging technology trends that are expected to significantly impact our customers and our business strategy include Electrification, Smart & Connected, and Industrial IoT.
Electrification
Our objective with the Electrification initiative is to become a leading and foundational player in solutions that will support a future that is more environmentally-sustainable and efficient, including (1) clean energy transportation systems and components in electrified vehicles, charging stations, and chargers and (2) mission-critical high voltage components and subsystems with high value solutions in advanced smart grid technologies. Electrification provides a significant opportunity for us to expand the use of our sensors and electrical protection products within the automotive, industrial, and HVOR industries. For example, in the automotive industry, as customers seek to extend the range of batteries and improve the efficiency of electric vehicles, they are incorporating electrical subsystems, which require additional sensors to monitor, control, and optimize what is happening within the vehicle. Further, higher voltage battery systems are also driving increased needs for electrical protection. Sensors are also used in thermal management applications to help maintain batteries at optimal temperatures as well as electric motors and heat pumps. We are expanding our capabilities in Electrification, including through third party collaboration, and expect continued material expansion of this initiative within our automotive, HVOR, and industrial businesses.
Smart & Connected
Our objective with the Smart & Connected initiative is to become the leader in delivering diagnostic insight and prognostics to fleet operators and owners. Smart & Connected provides a large market opportunity across heavy, medium, and light vehicles. Leveraging certain of the sensor products and embedded and wireless systems expertise in our existing tire
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pressure monitoring portfolio, we are developing smart, connected, modular, and full-stack solutions that collect data from wireless sensors or related vehicle system information through a connected vehicle-area network and deliver actionable insight to drivers, maintenance workers and back-office personnel through mobile applications, web portals and via cloud Application Programming Interfaces ("APIs") for integration in other enterprise systems. These solutions allow fleet managers to proactively monitor the health of their vehicles, conduct proactive maintenance, optimize fleet operations and enhance driver safety. We are leveraging our leadership position in tire pressure monitoring systems and know-how of vehicles and use cases within fleet operations to deliver scalable platforms to a variety of players within the connected ecosystem, including Tier 1 suppliers, OEMs, telematics services providers and fleets directly.
Industrial IoT
Our objective in the Industrial IoT/Digitization of Factories & Warehouses initiative is to become a leader in factory smart sensing and edge intelligence with solutions in machine health and materials tracking. The digitization of factories and warehouses represent fast-growing opportunities that we believe will drive new business wins and market outgrowth for our industrial business. Bringing our products to enhance material handling and electrification charging infrastructure represent fast growing opportunities that we believe will drive industrial business content and market outgrowth.
Performance Sensing
The Performance Sensing reportable segment has historically also been an operating segment. As discussed further in Note 20, “Segment Reporting,” of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto (our "Financial Statements") included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), in the fourth quarter of 2020, we determined, based on various factors, that the Performance Sensing operating segment should be divided into two operating segments, Automotive and HVOR. The Automotive and HVOR operating segments meet the criteria for aggregation into the Performance Sensing reportable segment, and no change was made to the overall components of, or the business conducted by, the Performance Sensing reportable segment. Accordingly, no prior period information has been recast.
Performance Sensing, which accounted for approximately 73% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2020, primarily serves the automotive and HVOR industries through development and manufacture of sensors, high-voltage contactors, and other solutions used in mission-critical systems and applications such as those in subsystems of automobiles, on-road trucks, and off-road equipment (e.g., tire pressure monitoring, thermal management, electrical protection, regenerative braking, powertrain (engine/transmission), and exhaust management). Our products are used in subsystems that, among other things, improve operating performance and efficiency, as well as contribute to environmentally sustainable and safe solutions as the world continues to pivot in those directions.
Customers
Our customers include leading global automotive, on-road truck, construction, and agriculture OEMs, the companies that supply parts directly to these OEMs, which are known as Tier 1 suppliers, and various aftermarket distributors. We believe large OEMs and other multinational companies are increasingly demanding a global presence to supply sensors and electrical protection products for their key platforms worldwide. As our customers develop common global electrified platforms to drive scale and efficiency across their global markets, we are well positioned to serve them with our global manufacturing and technical centers. We provide our customers with the worldwide technical and manufacturing presence to enable their success around the globe.
Markets
The global sensor market is characterized by a broad range of products and applications across a diverse set of market segments. According to an October 2020 report prepared by Strategy Analytics, Inc., the global automotive sensor market was $20.3 billion in 2020, compared to $23.7 billion in 2019 as a result of the global economic impacts caused by the coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic.
As the markets we serve continue to drive improved safety, efficiency, and performance we are well positioned to grow in this expanding market opportunity. Our automotive solutions are present in a wide variety of automotive systems and subsystems playing a critical role in ensuring the functionality and safety of the vehicle’s operation. Within the combustion and electrified propulsion architecture we provide various sensor solutions (i.e. electric motor position, gasoline direct injection, oil pressure monitoring, fuel delivery, and various others) that enable superior functionality, efficiency, and optimized performance to reduce environmental impact. Further protecting the environment are our exhaust after-treatment devices used in closed-loop feedback control to reduce emissions of traditional and hybrid powertrains. Our chassis (i.e. tire pressure monitoring systems), thermal management, electrical protection (i.e. high voltage contactors), and safety (i.e. braking and electronic stability control)
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sensor/product solutions all play critical roles in enabling the safety, improved performance, and increased efficiency and range of electrified vehicles and combustion powertrains.
Applications we serve require close engineering collaboration between us and the OEM or their Tier 1 suppliers. Solutions are designed to meet application-specific requirements with customer specific fit, form, and function. As a result, OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers make significant investments in selecting, integrating, and testing sensors as part of their product development. Once our solutions are designed into an application, we are well positioned as the incumbent supplier for the application due to the high degree of sensor customization and application/vehicle platform certification. This results in high switching costs for automotive and HVOR manufacturers once a sensor is designed into a particular system or platform. We believe this is one of the reasons that sensors are rarely changed during a platform life-cycle, which in the case of the automotive industry typically lasts five to seven years. OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers look to partner with suppliers that have a proven track record of quality, on-time delivery, and performance, as well as the engineering and manufacturing scale/resources to meet their needs over the multi-year lifecycle of these highly engineered vehicles and systems. As electrified and autonomous automobile platforms continue to evolve and grow, we expect OEM and Tier 1 suppliers to require sensing partners that can continue to meet their increasing needs for mission-critical sensors and solutions enabling their global vehicle strategies. We continue to drive investments in new technologies, competencies, and solutions that will enable our customers' success as they pivot toward an electrified world. The automotive industry provides one of the largest markets for sensors, giving participants with a presence in this market significant scale advantages over those participating only in smaller, more niche industrial and medical markets.
Market Trends
Net revenue growth from the automotive and HVOR sensor markets served by Performance Sensing has historically been driven, we believe, by three principal trends, including (1) growth in the number of vehicles produced globally, (2) expansion in the number and type of sensors per vehicle, and (3) efforts toward commercializing higher value sensors. In addition, we believe that the automotive and HVOR sensor markets are and will continue to be substantially impacted in the near term by current megatrends, primarily Electrification, as well as other trends such as connectivity and ADAS.
Light vehicle production: Global production of light vehicles had consistently demonstrated steady annual growth for most of the decade prior to 2019, when it started to plateau. This was demonstrated at the time by the fourth quarter 2019 LMC Automotive "Global Car & Truck Forecast," which showed that the global production of light vehicles in fiscal year 2019 decreased from the prior year by 5.0%. In fiscal year 2020, production was significantly lower according to the fourth quarter 2020 LMC Automotive "Global Car & Truck Forecast," which showed that the global production of light vehicles in fiscal year 2020 further decreased from the prior year by 16.2% to approximately 74.9 million units. We expect global production of light vehicles to see a strong rebound in fiscal year 2021, although not yet back to the level of 2019 production. This increasing trend in light vehicle production is expected to continue beyond 2021 due to population growth and increased usage of cars in emerging markets. Current estimates anticipate global production of light vehicles to approach 100 million units by fiscal year 2028.
On Road Truck Production: Global production of heavy-duty trucks has also demonstrated consistent growth prior to 2019. In fiscal year 2020, global production was approximately 5% lower than fiscal year 2019 according to industry data. We expect production of trucks to improve in North America and Europe in fiscal year 2021. This increasing trend in truck production is expected to continue beyond 2021 due to increased freight loads globally.
Number of sensors per vehicle: We believe that the numbers of sensors used per vehicle will continue to be driven by increasing requirements in vehicle emissions, efficiency, safety, and comfort-related control systems that depend on sensors for proper functioning, such as electronic stability control, tire pressure monitoring, advanced driver assistance, and advanced combustion and exhaust after-treatment applications. For example, government regulation of emissions, including fuel economy standards such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Corporate Average Fuel Economy requirements in the United States (the "U.S.") and emissions requirements such as "Euro 6d" in Europe, "China National 6" in China, and "Bharat Stage VI" in India require advanced sensors to achieve these performance metrics. Sensors are a key enabler for a vehicle’s systems and sub-systems to meet the ever-increasing requirements in a vehicle’s operation.
Increasing safety requirements and needs for electrification are also key trends driving increased sensor content in vehicles. These trends are driving advanced braking systems as they transition from traditional hydraulic brakes towards electromechanical braking and regenerative braking systems, thus driving additional content in pressure and force sensing. Furthermore, electrified vehicles are driving more sophisticated thermal management systems to control heating and cooling systems throughout the vehicle, and additional content in battery management systems to optimize drive range and safety in electrical protection as battery voltages increase.
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Higher value sensors: We believe that our revenue growth has been augmented by a continuing shift away from legacy sensors to more solid-state sensors and related solutions that include controllers, receivers, and software, and will continue to grow as our sensors get "smarter" with more embedded algorithms. As we strive to increase the value we bring to the market and our customers, we are continuously looking to drive increased data-based insights that are derived from our foundational sensing solutions. Our ability to provide our customer with insights into the systems/sub-systems we serve increases the value of our offering and enables improved performance, safety, efficiency, and environmental impacts. Our focus on delivering enhanced value through our solutions to the market positions us to drive profitable revenue growth as the market demands continue to evolve.
New Technology: Automobiles and heavy vehicles continue to evolve with new alternative technologies being developed to make these vehicles more efficient, reliable, financially viable, and safe. We believe that this trend has the potential to drive growth in our business for the foreseeable future, particularly in the areas of Electrification, Smart & Connected, ADAS, and autonomy. Moreover, we believe our broad customer base, global diversification, and evolving portfolio provide the foundation that will allow us to grow with these megatrends across a diverse set of markets.
For example, we expect this growth to include content growth in both hybrid and electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles require systems and sensors to drive high efficiency across the powertrain, managing better diagnostics, more efficient combustion, and reduced emissions. Also, sensor content on vehicle climate control and thermal management systems, where our market share is high, is increasing. This is driven by the need for high efficiency control of thermal management in battery electric vehicle heating and cooling systems as vehicle manufacturers look to drive increased vehicle range where the thermal loads on the vehicle become critical to manage. As long-range plug-in hybrid and full battery electric vehicles gain market share, multiple instances of efficient thermal management across the battery, electronics, and cabin systems are required to protect and manage the vehicle, which drives additional core Sensata sensor and electrical protection content available in the market today.
Safety and efficiency systems are also evolving on hybrid and electric vehicles. New and emerging energy recuperation technologies, such as regenerative motors, require additional sensing content to manage and efficiently switch between traditional braking systems and regenerative braking. Additionally, semi-automated vehicles containing advanced driver assistance systems benefit from more efficient and faster electromechanical braking systems, driving additional sensor content to control these brakes. Each of these systems enable more efficient use of energy, enabling greater electric vehicle range.
New content in high voltage electrical protection from our fiscal year 2018 acquisition of GIGAVAC, LLC ("GIGAVAC") addresses many of the needs in evolving electric vehicle powertrain systems with higher voltage systems that must be properly controlled and protected as vehicle voltages and electrical currents increase. This protection safeguards the expensive electronics used to power the vehicle and allowing for an increase in power levels to improve charging times.
Emerging Markets: We have a long-standing position in emerging markets, including a presence in China for more than 20 years. With our presence in China, we believe that our automotive and HVOR businesses are well positioned to grow. With sustained vehicle modernization and tightening regulations in China, we expect our content per vehicle in China will continue to increase, moving towards the levels we see in developed markets. In addition to China, we are well positioned to grow in the next wave of emerging markets, such as India, where we will be able to serve the market needs with our vast global sensing solution portfolio and technical/manufacturing capabilities.
Product Categories
The following table presents the key products, solutions, applications, systems, and end markets related to the product categories in Performance Sensing:
Key Products/SolutionsKey Applications/SystemsKey End Markets
Product category: Sensors
Pressure sensors
Speed and position sensors
High temperature sensors
Thermal management and air conditioning systems
Powertrain
Exhaust after-treatment
Suspension
Braking
Tire pressure monitoring
Operator controls
Radar solutions
Automotive
HVOR
Product category: Electrical protection
High-voltage contactors
Battery management system
Electrical protection
Electrical powertrain
Battery management
Automotive
HVOR
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The table below sets forth the amount of net revenue generated by our sensor product category in Performance Sensing, reconciled to total segment net revenue, for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018:
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)202020192018
Net revenue:
Sensors$2,171,364 $2,489,644 $2,532,631 
Electrical protection (1)
35,366 41,273 7,423 
Other (1)
17,080 15,099 87,597 
Performance Sensing net revenue$2,223,810 $2,546,016 $2,627,651 
________________________
(1)    Beginning in the year ended December 31, 2020, we adjusted our product categories to better reflect how we view our products. The product category we previously referred to as "controls" was renamed to "electrical protection," and our GIGAVAC products, which were previously grouped in "other," have been recast into "electrical protection." The amount of Performance Sensing revenue recast from "other" to "electrical protection" in the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $41.3 million and $7.4 million, respectively. The "sensors" product category was unchanged.
Competitors
Within each of the principal product categories in Performance Sensing, we compete with a variety of independent suppliers. We believe that the key competitive factors in the markets served by this segment are product performance in mission-critical operating environments, quality, service, reliability, manufacturing footprint, and commercial competitiveness. We believe that our ability to design and produce customized solutions globally, breadth and scale of product offerings, technical expertise and development capability, product service and responsiveness, and a commercially competitive offering, make us well positioned to succeed in these markets. We are experts in the applications we serve, enabling us to provide industry leading solutions to our customers. We take great pride in our ability to be a strategic partner for our customers as we head toward an electrified future where clean energy, safety, and efficiency are of the utmost importance.
Sensing Solutions
Sensing Solutions, which accounted for approximately 27% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2020, primarily serves the industrial and aerospace industries through development and manufacture of a broad portfolio of application-specific sensor and electrical protection products used in a diverse range of industrial markets, including the appliance, heating, ventilation and air conditioning ("HVAC"), semiconductor, material handling, factory automation, and water management markets, as well as the aerospace market.
Some of the products the segment sells include pressure and position sensors, motor and compressor protectors, high-voltage contactors, solid state relays, bimetal electromechanical controls, thermal and magnetic-hydraulic circuit breakers, power inverters, charge controllers, and IoT solutions. Our products perform many functions including prevention of damage from excess heat or electrical current, optimization of system performance, low-power circuit control, and power conversion from direct current ("DC") power to alternating current ("AC") power. We believe that we are a leading supplier of electrical protection products in the majority of the key applications and systems in which we compete.
Customers
Our customers include a wide range of industrial and commercial manufacturers and suppliers across multiple end markets, primarily OEMs in the climate control, appliance, semiconductor, medical, energy and infrastructure, data/telecom, material handling, factory automation, and aerospace industries, as well as Tier 1 aerospace and motor and compressor suppliers.
Markets
Demand for our sensor products is driven by many of the same factors as in the automotive and HVOR sensor markets: regulation of emissions, greater energy efficiency, and safety, as well as consumer demand for new features. Gross Domestic Product ("GDP") growth is a broad indicator for demand for our consolidated industrial markets over the long term. We use Purchasing Managers' Index ("PMI") to gauge short-term trends in the markets we serve.
We continue to focus our efforts on expanding our presence in all global geographies, both emerging and developed and serving our global customers in a highly efficient and cost-effective manner. Our customers include established multinationals
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as well as local producers in emerging markets such as China, India, Eastern Europe, and Turkey. China continues to remain a priority for us because of its export focus and the increasing domestic consumption of products that use our devices.
Product Categories
The following table presents the significant product categories offered by Sensing Solutions and the corresponding key products, solutions, applications, systems, and end markets:
Key Products/SolutionsKey Applications/SystemsKey End Markets
Product category: Electrical protection devices
Bimetal electromechanical controls
Motor protectors
Motor starters
Thermostats
Switches
Circuit breakers
Thermal circuit breakers
Magnetic-hydraulic circuit breakers
High-voltage contactors
Battery management system
HVAC/Refrigeration
Industrial equipment
Small/large appliances
Lighting
DC motors
Commercial and military aircraft
Marine/industrial
Data and telecom equipment
Medical equipment
Recreational vehicles
Aerospace and defense
Industrial
HVAC/Refrigeration
Automotive
Marine
Medical
Energy/solar
Product category: Sensors
Linear and rotary position sensors
Linear variable differential transformers
Pressure sensors
Aircraft controls
HVAC/Refrigeration
Air compressors
Hydraulic machinery
Motion control systems
Pumps and storage tanks
Commercial and military aircraft
IoT solutions
Aerospace and defense
Industrial automation
HVAC/Refrigeration
Motors
Marine
Energy
The table below sets forth the amount of net revenue generated by our sensors and electrical protection product categories in Sensing Solutions, reconciled to total segment net revenue, for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018:
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)202020192018
Net revenue:
Electrical protection (1)
$468,635 $532,358 $514,749 
Sensors209,244 223,282 222,649 
Other (1)(2)
143,889 148,975 156,578 
Sensing Solutions net revenue$821,768 $904,615 $893,976 
________________________
(1)    Beginning in the year ended December 31, 2020, we adjusted our product categories to better reflect how we view our products. The product category we previously referred to as "controls" was renamed to "electrical protection," and our GIGAVAC products, which were previously grouped in "other," have been recast into "electrical protection." The amount of Sensing Solutions revenue recast from "other" to "electrical protection" in the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $50.6 million and $6.0 million, respectively. The "sensors" product category was unchanged.
(2)    Primarily includes thermal management solutions, DC to AC power converters, and brushless DC motors.
Competitors
Within each of the principal product categories in Sensing Solutions, we compete with divisions of large multinational industrial corporations and companies with smaller market share that compete primarily in specific markets, applications, systems, or products. We believe that the key competitive factors in these markets are product performance, quality, and reliability.
Technology and Intellectual Property
We develop products that address increasingly complex engineering and operating performance requirements to help our customers solve their most difficult challenges in the automotive, HVOR, industrial, and aerospace industries. We believe that continued focused investment in research and development ("R&D") is critical to our future growth and maintaining our leadership positions in the markets we serve. Our R&D efforts are directly related to timely development of new and enhanced products that are central to our business strategy. We continuously develop our technologies to meet an evolving set of customer requirements and new product introductions. We conduct such activities in areas that we believe will increase our
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long-term revenue growth. Our development expense is typically associated with engineering core technology platforms to specific applications and engineering major upgrades that improve the functionality or reduce the cost of existing products. As discussed in the Megatrends section above, one of the areas we are focusing on is Smart & Connected. This initiative will be based on many of our current products and technology (associated with embedded and wireless systems), but will involve more complex software, systems, and solutions. In addition, we continually consider new technologies where we may have expertise for potential investment or acquisition.
An increasing portion of our R&D activities are being directed towards technologies and megatrends that we believe have the potential for significant future growth, but relate to products that are not currently within our core business or include new features and capabilities for existing products. Expenses related to these activities are less likely to result in increased near-term revenue than our more mainstream development activities.
We benefit from many development opportunities at an early stage for several reasons: (1) we are the incumbent in many systems for our key customers; (2) we have strong design and service capability; and (3) our global engineering teams are located in close proximity to key customers in regional business centers. We work closely with our customers to deliver solutions that meet their needs. As a result of the long development lead times and embedded nature of our products, we collaborate closely with our customers throughout the design and development phase of their products. Systems development by our customers typically requires significant multi-year investment for certification and qualification, which are often government or customer mandated. We believe the capital commitment and time required for this process significantly increases the switching costs once a customer has designed and installed a particular sensor into a system.
We rely primarily on patents, trade secrets, manufacturing know-how, confidentiality procedures, and licensing arrangements to maintain and protect our intellectual property rights. While we consider our patents to be valuable assets, we do not believe that our overall competitive position is dependent on patent protection or that our overall business is dependent upon any single patent or group of related patents. Many of our patents protect specific functionality in our products, and others consist of processes or techniques that result in reduced manufacturing costs.
The following table presents information on our patents and patent applications as of December 31, 2020:
U.S.
Non-U.S.
Patents313 483 
Pending patent applications, filed within the last five years120 283 
Our patents have expiration dates ranging from 2020 to 2042. We also own a portfolio of trademarks and license various patents and trademarks. "Sensata" and our logo are trademarks.
We use licensing arrangements with respect to certain technology provided in our sensor and electrical protection products. In 2006, we entered into a perpetual, royalty-free cross-license agreement with our former owner, Texas Instruments Incorporated, which permits each party to use specified technology owned by the other party in its business. No license may be terminated under the agreement, even in the event of a material breach.
Raw Materials
We use a broad range of manufactured components, subassemblies, and raw materials in the manufacture of our products in both our Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions segments, including those containing certain commodities, resins, and rare earth metals, which may experience significant volatility in their price and availability due to, among other things, new laws or regulations, including the impact of tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes, and global economic or political events including government actions, labor strikes, suppliers' allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and prevailing price levels. It is generally difficult to pass increased prices for manufactured components and raw materials through to our customers in the form of price increases. Therefore, a significant increase in the price or a decrease in the availability of these items could materially increase our operating costs and materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.
The automotive industry supply chain is currently facing a global shortage of semiconductors, the technology used to make microchips, resulting in paused production on certain vehicles and increased costs to procure microchips. As discussed in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report (the "MD&A"), we believe this shortage will have an adverse impact on our operating costs in fiscal year 2021. If the impacts of this shortage are more severe than we expect, it could result in further deterioration of our results, potentially for a longer period than currently anticipated.
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Seasonality
Because of the diverse global nature of the markets in which we operate, our net revenue is only moderately impacted by seasonality. However, Sensing Solutions experiences some seasonality, specifically in its air conditioning and refrigeration products, which tend to peak in the first two quarters of the year as inventory is built up for spring and summer sales. In addition, Performance Sensing net revenue tends to be weaker in the third quarter of the year as automotive OEMs retool production lines for the coming model year.
Human Capital Resources
As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 19,200 employees, of whom approximately 8% were located in the U.S. As of December 31, 2020, less than 100 of our employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. In addition, in various countries, local law requires our participation in works councils. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 56% of our employees were female. We also engage contract workers in multiple locations, primarily to cost-effectively manage variations in manufacturing volume, but also to perform engineering and other general services. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 2,600 contract workers on a worldwide basis. We believe that our relations with our employees are good.
Our employees, whom we refer to as Team Sensata, are responsible for upholding our purpose – to help our customers and partners safely deliver a cleaner, more efficient, electrified, and connected world – and embody our values in all aspects of daily work. Our corporate values are the essence of our identity, provide a level-set foundation, and are a key way we are able to improve our culture. Our values are passion, excellence, integrity, flexibility and "OneSensata."
Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
We believe in treating all people with respect and dignity. We strive to create and foster a supportive and understanding environment in which all individuals realize their maximum potential within the Company, regardless of their differences. Each employee has the personal responsibility to maintain a respectful and inclusive workplace.
We believe that each person brings unique and valuable skills and perspectives due to their varying backgrounds and experiences. An inclusive culture is fundamental to innovation and problem-solving. It is the policy and practice of Sensata to hire and employ individuals without regard to age, color, disability, ethnicity, family or marital status, gender identity or expression, language, national origin, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, and veteran status or other characteristics that make our employees unique. This policy applies to all terms and conditions of employment including recruitment and selection; compensation and benefits; professional development and training; promotions; transfers; social and recreational programs; reductions in force; terminations, and the ongoing development of a work environment built on the premise of gender and diversity, equity, and inclusion.
Our employee resource groups (“ERGs”) are company-sponsored groups of employees that support the inclusion, diversity and equity goals and objectives that are determined by the Company. Sensata ERGs exist to benefit and advance their group members by working strategically, both internally and externally. They also help contribute to Sensata's market success. As of December 31, 2020, we had 11 ERGs globally focused on the following areas — women’s empowerment and career growth; cultural awareness; Black and Hispanic Heritage; and emerging professionals.
Learning and Development
We believe that we will continue to be successful in executing on our business strategy by providing a broad range of learning and development programs and opportunities. In 2017, we launched our online global learning management system, Sensata Learning, that enables employees to access instructor-led classroom, virtual classes, or self-paced lessons. As of December 31, 2020, we delivered 63,000 hours of training spanning various required learning, professional development and many courses specifically on diversity, inclusion, and ethics. We have a robust talent and succession planning process and have established specialized programs to support the development of our talent pipeline for critical roles in management, engineering, and operations. On an annual basis, we conduct a leadership review process with our chief executive officer, our chief human resources officer and our business and functional leaders.
Social and Human Rights Matters
We have policies related to our position on various social and human rights matters, including child labor, forced labor, human trafficking, health and safety, non-discrimination, and environmental matters. Each of these policies can be found on our website at www.sensata.com. Sensata’s human rights expectations apply to all of our personnel, business partners and other parties directly linked to our operations, products or services; as such, Sensata is committed to respecting the United Nations Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights (2011) and its principles within our operations and supply chains.
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Sensata is committed to responsible corporate practices in the area of human rights and working conditions and aligns with practices recommended by industry standards such as the Global Automotive Sustainability Practical Guidance and the RBA Code of Conduct, which incorporates the International Bill of Human Rights, namely the Universal Convention of Human Rights (1948), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols (1966).
Sensata also adheres to the principles set forth in the fundamental International Labor Organization ("ILO") Conventions, namely the Forced Labor Convention (1930), the Minimum Age Convention (1973), the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention (1999) and ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). The working conditions of our employees are, at minimum, in compliance with internationally recognized labor standards and the laws of the countries we operate in. When national law directly conflicts with international human rights standards or does not fully comply with them, Sensata will seek ways to respect internationally recognized human rights.
Employee Engagement
Our long-term success is dependent on hiring, retaining, training, rewarding, and engaging employees for the long-term. We strive to retain and engage employees by providing competitive pay and benefits packages and a challenging and rewarding work experience. We want our employees to feel connected to the business and company strategy, our purpose and what we are doing to add value to them, our customers, and our investors. Our ability to create an environment where ideas are shared freely is fundamental to ensuring our employees reach their true potential, which grants us the ability to innovate. Each person brings unique value no matter their gender, race, age, education or place of birth. We believe an inclusive culture is vital.
Ethics
We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics governing the conduct of our personnel, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, and controller, and persons performing similar functions. In addition, we have adopted a Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Employees. Copies of the current Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Employees are available on the investor relations page of our website at www.sensata.com under Corporate Governance. We have annual required training on Sensata Learning, our online global learning management system.
We believe our management team has the experience necessary to effectively execute our strategy and advance our product and technology leadership. Our chief executive officer and business leaders average approximately 25 years of industry experience. They are supported by an experienced and talented management team who is dedicated to maintaining and expanding our position as a global leader in the industry. For discussion of the risks relating to the attraction and retention of management and executive management employees, see Item 1A, "Risk Factors," included elsewhere in this Report.
Environmental and Governmental Regulations
Our operations and facilities are subject to numerous environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations, both domestic and foreign, including those governing air emissions, chemical usage, water discharges, the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes, and the cleanup of contaminated sites. We are, however, not aware of any threatened or pending material environmental investigations, lawsuits, or claims involving us or our operations.
Many of our products are governed by material content restrictions and reporting requirements, examples of which include: EU regulations, such as Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals ("REACH"), Restriction of Hazardous Substances ("RoHS"), and End of Life Vehicle ("ELV"); U.S. regulations, such as the conflict minerals requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; and similar regulations in other countries. Further, numerous customers, across all end markets, are requiring us to provide declarations of compliance or, in some cases, extra material content documentation as a requirement of doing business with them.
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We are subject to compliance with laws and regulations controlling the import and export of goods and services. Certain of our products are subject to International Traffic in Arms Regulation ("ITAR"). The export of many such ITAR-controlled products requires an individual validated license from the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The State Department makes licensing decisions based on type of product, destination of end use, end user, national security, and foreign policy. We have a trade compliance team and other systems in place to apply for licenses and otherwise comply with import and export regulations. Any failure to maintain compliance with domestic and foreign trade regulations could limit our ability to import or export raw material and finished goods across various jurisdictions. These laws and regulations are subject to change, and any such change may require us to change technology or incur expenditures to comply with such laws and regulations.
Compliance with environmental and governmental regulations and meeting customer requirements has increased our cost of doing business in a variety of ways and may continue to do so in the future. We do not currently expect any material capital expenditures during fiscal year 2021 for environmental control facilities. We also do not believe that existing or pending legislation, regulation, or international treaties or accords, whether related to environmental or other government regulations, are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect in the foreseeable future on our business or the markets we serve, nor on our results of operations, capital expenditures, earnings, competitive position, or financial standing.
Available Information
We make available free of charge on our Internet website (www.sensata.com) our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). Our website and the information contained or incorporated therein are not intended to be incorporated into this Report.
The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy, and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov. The contents on, or accessible through, this website or our website are not incorporated into this filing. Further, our references to the URLs for the SEC's website and our website are intended to be inactive textual references only.
ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS
The following are important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Investors should carefully consider these risks and all other information in this Report before investing in our securities. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Our business is also subject to general risks that affect many other companies. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business, operations, liquidity, and financial condition. Many of the risks listed below are, and will be, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and any worsening of the economic environment.
If actions taken by management to limit, monitor or control enterprise risk exposures are not successful, our business and consolidated financial statements could be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock and debt securities could decline and investors may lose all or part of their investment.
Business and Operational Risks
We are subject to various risks related to public health crises, including the COVID-19 pandemic, which have had, and may in the future have, material and adverse impacts on our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.
Any outbreaks of contagious diseases and other adverse public health developments in countries where we operate could have a material and adverse impact on our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused widespread disruptions to our business in fiscal year 2020. During the first quarter of 2020, these disruptions were primarily limited to our manufacturing operations in China, portions of which were closed during the end of January and first half of February due to government mandates. As the virus spread to the rest of the world beginning in March, all of our other operations outside of China also were impacted. These impacts have continued to varying degrees throughout fiscal year 2020, as regions have had varying levels of success mitigating the impacts of the virus, resulting in varying degrees of reopening. As of December 31, 2020, we were still experiencing disruptions, which include, depending on the specific location, partial shutdowns of our facilities as mandated by government decree, government actions limiting our ability to adjust certain costs, significant travel restrictions, “work-from-home” orders, limited availability of our workforce,
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supplier constraints, supply-chain interruptions, logistics challenges and limitations, and reduced demand from certain customers.
In addition, in these challenging and dynamic circumstances, we are working to protect our employees, maintain business continuity and sustain our operations, including ensuring the safety and protection of our people who work in our plants and distribution centers across the world, many of whom support the manufacturing and delivery of products deemed part of the critical infrastructure or essential businesses by the applicable local or country governments. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact our business and financial results going forward will be dependent on future developments such as the length and severity of the crisis, the potential resurgence of the crisis, future government actions in response to the crisis and the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and capital markets, among many other factors, all of which remain highly uncertain and unpredictable.
In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic increases the likelihood and potential severity of other risks discussed elsewhere in this Item 1A, "Risk Factors." These include, but are not limited to, the following:
A protracted economic downturn could negatively affect the financial condition of the industries and customers we serve, which may result in an increase in bankruptcies or insolvencies, a delay in payments, and decreased sales.
A scarcity of resources or other hardships caused by the COVID-19 pandemic may result in increased nationalism, protectionism and political tensions which may cause governments and/or other entities to take actions that may have a significant negative impact on the ability of us, our suppliers, and our customers to conduct business.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may cause us to further restructure our business or divest some of our businesses or product lines in the future, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
To mitigate the spread of COVID-19, we have transitioned a significant subset of our employee population to a remote work environment, which may exacerbate various cybersecurity risks to our business, including an increased demand for information technology ("IT") resources, an increased risk of phishing and other cybersecurity attacks, and an increased risk of unauthorized dissemination of sensitive personal information or proprietary or confidential information.
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the supply chain, and we may experience increased difficulties in obtaining a consistent supply of materials at stable pricing levels.
If the financial performance of our businesses were to decline significantly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we could incur a material non-cash charge to our income statement for the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets.
The continued global spread of COVID-19 has led to disruption and volatility in the global capital markets, which may increase the cost of, and adversely impact access to, capital.
If the financial performance of our businesses were to decline significantly for an extended period of time as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we may face challenges to comply with the covenants contained in our credit arrangements.
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Our business is subject to numerous global risks, including regulatory, political, economic, governmental, and military concerns and instability.
Our business, including our employees, customers, and suppliers, are located throughout the world. We employ approximately 92% of our workforce outside of the U.S. Our customers are located throughout the world, and we have many manufacturing, administrative, and sales facilities outside of the U.S. Our subsidiaries located outside of the U.S. generated approximately 64% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2020, with approximately 21% in China, and we expect sales from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of our total net revenue. International sales and operations are subject to changes in local government regulations and policies, including those related to tariffs and trade barriers, investments, taxation, exchange controls, and repatriation of earnings.
As a result, we are exposed to numerous global, regional, and local risks that could decrease revenue and/or increase expenses, and therefore decrease our profitability. Such risks may result from instability in economic or political conditions, inflation, recession, and/or actual or anticipated military or political conflicts, and include, without limitation: trade regulations, including customs, import, and export matters, tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes; local employment costs, regulations, and conditions; difficulties with, and costs for, protecting our intellectual property; challenges in collecting accounts receivable; tax laws and regulatory changes, including examinations by taxing authorities, variations in tax laws from country to country, changes to the terms of income tax treaties, and difficulties in the tax-efficient repatriation of earnings generated or held in a number of jurisdictions; natural disasters; instability in economic or political conditions, inflation, recession, actual or anticipated military or political conflicts, and potential impact due to the upcoming withdrawal of the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") from the EU ("Brexit"); and the impact of each of the foregoing on our business operations, manufacturing, and supply chain.
In addition, other risks are inherent in our non-U.S. operations, including the potential for changes in socio-economic conditions and/or monetary and fiscal policies, intellectual property protection difficulties and disputes, the settlement of legal disputes through certain foreign legal systems, the collection of receivables, exposure to possible expropriation or other government actions, unsettled political conditions, and possible terrorist attacks. These and other factors may have a material adverse effect on our non-U.S. operations and, therefore, on our business and results of operations.
Brexit was completed on January 31, 2020. On December 24, 2020, the EU and the U.K. reached an agreement on their future trading relationship, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement. We are incorporated in the U.K., and we have significant operations and a substantial workforce therein and therefore enjoy certain benefits based on the U.K.’s membership in the EU. The terms of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, particularly those around financial laws and regulations, tax and free trade agreements, immigration laws, and employment laws, may impact our business and operations. Additionally, there is a risk that other countries may decide to leave the EU. Despite the progress made on reaching the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, there is still uncertainty surrounding Brexit, not only related to the potential affects of our business in the U.K. and the EU, but also on global economic conditions and the stability of global financial markets, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
We have sizable operations in China, including two principal manufacturing sites. Economic and political conditions in China have been and may continue to be volatile and uncertain, especially as the U.S. and China continue to discuss and have differences in trade policies. As discussed in the MD&A, increased tariff costs have increased our cost of revenue as a percentage of net revenue in fiscal year 2020. In addition, the legal and regulatory system in China is still developing and is subject to change. Our operations and transactions with customers in China could continue to be adversely affected by increased tariffs and could be otherwise adversely affected by other changes to market conditions, changes to the regulatory environment, or interpretation of Chinese law.
Adverse conditions in the industries upon which we are dependent, including the automotive industry, have had, and may in the future have, adverse effects on our business.
We are dependent on market dynamics to sell our products, and our operating results could be adversely affected by cyclical and reduced demand in these markets. Periodic downturns in our customers’ industries could significantly reduce demand for certain of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
Much of our business depends on, and is directly affected by, the global automobile industry. Sales in our automotive end markets accounted for approximately 58% of our total net revenue in fiscal year 2020. As discussed in the MD&A, demand in the automotive end market we serve has declined from the prior year. Continued declines in demand such as discussed above, and other adverse developments like those we have seen in past years in the automotive industry, including but not limited to customer bankruptcies and increased demands on us for lower prices, could have adverse effects on our results of operations and could impact our liquidity and our ability to meet restrictive debt covenants. In addition, these same conditions could
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adversely impact certain of our vendors’ financial solvency, resulting in potential liabilities or additional costs to us to ensure uninterrupted supply to our customers.
We may incur material losses and costs as a result of product liability, warranty, and recall claims that may be brought against us.
We have been, and will continue to be, exposed to product liability and warranty claims in the event that our products actually or allegedly fail to perform as expected, or the use of our products results, or is alleged to result, in death, bodily injury, and/or property damage. Accordingly, we could experience material warranty or product liability losses in the future and incur significant costs to defend these claims. In addition, if any of our products are, or are alleged to be, defective, we may be required to participate in a recall of the underlying end product, particularly if the defect or the alleged defect relates to product safety. Depending on the terms under which we supply products, an OEM may hold us responsible for some or all of the repair or replacement costs of these products under warranty when the product supplied did not perform as represented. In addition, a product recall could generate substantial negative publicity about our business and interfere with our manufacturing plans and product delivery obligations as we seek to repair affected products. Our costs associated with product liability, warranty, and recall claims could be material.
We are dependent on market acceptance of our new product introductions and product innovations for future revenue and we may not realize all of the revenue or achieve anticipated gross margins from products subject to existing awards or for which we are currently engaged in development.
Substantially all markets in which we operate are impacted by technological change or change in consumer tastes and preferences, which are rapid in certain markets. Our operating results depend substantially upon our ability to continually design, develop, introduce, and sell new and innovative products; to modify existing products; and to customize products to meet customer requirements driven by such change. There are numerous risks inherent in these processes, including the risk that we will be unable to anticipate the direction of technological change; that we will be unable to develop and market profitable new products and applications before our competitors or in time to satisfy customer demands; the possibility that investment of significant time and resources will not be successful; the possibility that the marketplace does not accept our products or services; that we are unable to retain customers that adopt our new products or services; and the risk of additional liabilities associated with these efforts.
Our ability to generate revenue from products pending customer awards is subject to a number of important risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, including the number of products our customers will actually produce, as well as the timing of such production. Many of our customer agreements provide for the supply of a certain share of the customer’s requirements for a particular application or platform, rather than for a specific quantity of products. In some cases, we have no remedy if a customer chooses to purchase less than we expect. In cases where customers do make minimum volume commitments to us, our remedy for their failure to meet those minimum volumes may be limited to increased pricing on those products that the customer does purchase from us or renegotiating other contract terms. There is no assurance that such price increases or new terms will offset a shortfall in expected revenue. In addition, some of our customers may have the right to discontinue a program or replace us with another supplier under certain circumstances. As a result, products for which we are currently incurring development expenses may not be manufactured by our customers at all, or may be manufactured in smaller amounts than currently anticipated. Therefore, our anticipated future revenue from products relating to existing customer awards or product development relationships may not result in firm orders from customers for the originally contracted amount. We also incur capital expenditures and other costs and price our products based on estimated production volumes. If actual production volumes were significantly lower than estimated, our anticipated revenue and gross margin from those new products would be adversely affected. We cannot predict the ultimate demand for our customers’ products, nor can we predict the extent to which we would be able to pass through unanticipated per-unit cost increases to our customers.
Increasing costs for, or limitations on the supply of or access to, manufactured components and raw materials may adversely affect our business and results of operations.
We use a broad range of manufactured components, subassemblies, and raw materials in the manufacture of our products in both our Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions segments, including those containing certain commodities, resins, and rare earth metals, which may experience significant volatility in their price and availability due to, among other things, new laws or regulations, including the impact of tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes, and global economic or political events including government actions, labor strikes, suppliers' allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and prevailing price levels. It is generally difficult to pass increased prices for manufactured components and raw materials through to our customers in the form of price increases. Therefore, a significant increase in the price or a decrease in the availability of these items could materially increase our operating costs and materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations. We have entered into hedge arrangements for certain metals used in
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our products in an attempt to minimize commodity pricing volatility and may continue to do so from time to time in the future. Such hedges might not be economically successful. In addition, these hedges do not qualify as accounting hedges in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, the change in fair value of these hedges is recognized in earnings immediately, which could cause volatility in our results of operations from quarter to quarter.
The automotive industry supply chain is currently facing a global shortage of semiconductors, the technology used to make microchips, resulting in paused production on certain vehicles and increased costs to procure microchips. As discussed in the MD&A, we believe this shortage will have an adverse impact on our operating costs in fiscal year 2021. If the impacts of this shortage are more severe than we expect, it could result in further deterioration of our results, potentially for a longer period than currently anticipated.
In connection with the implementation of our corporate strategies, we face risks associated with the acquisition of businesses, the integration of acquired businesses, and the growth and development of these businesses.
In pursuing our corporate strategy, we often acquire other businesses. The success of this strategy is dependent upon our ability to identify appropriate acquisition targets, negotiate transactions on favorable terms, complete transactions, and successfully integrate them into our existing businesses. There can be no assurance that we will realize the anticipated synergies or cost savings related to acquisitions, including, but not limited to, revenue growth and operational efficiencies, or that they will be achieved in our estimated timeframe. We may not be able to successfully integrate and streamline overlapping functions from future acquisitions, and integration may be more costly to accomplish than we expect. In addition, we could encounter difficulties in managing our combined company due to its increased size and scope.
Subject to the terms of our indebtedness, we may finance future acquisitions with cash from operations, additional indebtedness, and/or by issuing additional equity securities. In addition, we could face financial risks associated with incurring additional indebtedness such as reducing our liquidity, limiting our access to financing markets, and increasing the amount of service on our debt. The availability of debt to finance future acquisitions may be restricted, and our ability to make future acquisitions may be limited. Refer to separate risk factor for additional information on risks related to our level of indebtedness.
In addition, many of the businesses that we acquire and develop will likely have significantly smaller scales of operations prior to the implementation of our growth strategy. If we are not able to manage the growing complexity of these businesses, including improving, refining, or revising our systems and operational practices, and enlarging the scale and scope of the businesses, our business may be adversely affected. Other risks include developing knowledge of and experience in the new business, integrating the acquired business into our systems and culture, recruiting professionals, and developing and capitalizing on new relationships with experienced market participants. External factors, such as compliance with new or revised regulations, competitive alternatives, and shifting market preferences may also impact the successful implementation of a new line of business. Failure to manage these risks in the acquisition or development of new businesses could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Restructuring our business or divesting some of our businesses or product lines in the future may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
In pursuing our corporate strategy, we continue to evaluate the strategic fit of specific businesses and products and occasionally dispose of or exit businesses and products. The success of this strategy is dependent upon our ability to identify appropriate disposition targets, negotiate transactions on favorable terms, and complete transactions. Any divestitures may result in significant write-offs, including those related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Divestitures could involve additional risks, including difficulties in the separation of operations, services, products, and personnel; the diversion of management's attention from other business concerns; the disruption of our business; and the potential loss of key employees. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing these or any other significant risks encountered.
We also may seek to restructure our business in the future by relocating operations, disposing of certain assets, or consolidating operations. There can be no assurance that any restructuring of our business will not adversely affect our financial condition, leverage, or results of operations. In addition, any significant restructuring of our business will require significant managerial attention, which may be diverted from our other operations.
Labor disruptions or increased labor costs have had, and may in the future have, adverse impacts on our business.
A material labor disruption or work stoppage at one or more of our manufacturing or business facilities could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, work stoppages occur relatively frequently in the industries in which many of our customers operate, such as the automotive industry. If one or more of our larger customers were to experience a material
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work stoppage for any reason, that customer may halt or limit the purchase of our products. This could cause us to reduce production levels or shut down production facilities relating to those products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and/or financial condition.
We operate in markets that are highly competitive and competitive pressures could require us to lower our prices or result in reduced demand for our products.
We operate in markets that are highly competitive, and we compete on the basis of product performance in mission-critical operating environments, quality, service, reliability, manufacturing footprint, and commercial competitiveness across the industries and end markets we serve. A significant element of our competitive strategy is to design and manufacture high-quality products that meet the needs of our customers at a commercially competitive price, particularly in markets where low-cost, country-based suppliers, primarily in China with respect to the Sensing Solutions segment, have entered the markets or increased their per-unit sales in these markets by delivering products at low cost to local OEMs. In addition, certain of our competitors in the automotive sensor market are influenced or controlled by major OEMs or suppliers, thereby limiting our access to these customers. Many of our customers also rely on us as their sole source of supply for many of the products that we have historically sold to them. These customers may choose to develop relationships with additional suppliers or elect to produce some or all of these products internally, primarily to reduce risk of delivery interruptions or as a means of extracting more value from us. Certain of our customers currently have, or may develop in the future, the capability to internally produce the products that we sell to them and may compete with us with respect to those and other products and with respect to other customers.
Many of our customers, including automotive manufacturers and other industrial and commercial OEMs, demand annual price reductions. If we are not able to offset continued price reductions through improved operating efficiencies and reduced expenditures, these price reductions may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. In addition, our customers occasionally require engineering, design, or production changes. In some circumstances, we may be unable to cover the costs of these changes with price increases. Further, as our customers grow larger, they may increasingly require us to provide them with our products on an exclusive basis, which could limit sales, cause an increase in the number of products we must carry and, consequently, increase our inventory levels and working capital requirements. Certain of our customers, particularly in the automotive industry, are increasingly requiring their suppliers to agree to their standard purchasing terms without deviation as a condition to engage in future business transactions, many of which are increasing warranty requirements. As a result, we may find it difficult to enter into agreements with such customers on terms that are commercially reasonable to us.
Security breaches and other disruptions to our IT infrastructure could interfere with our operations, compromise confidential information, and expose us to liability, which could materially adversely impact our business and reputation.
In the ordinary course of business, we rely on IT networks and systems, some of which are managed by third parties, to process, transmit, and store electronic information, and to manage or support a variety of business processes and activities.
We are at risk of attack by a growing list of adversaries through increasingly sophisticated methods. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or sabotage systems change frequently, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, we may not be able to detect breaches in our IT systems or assess the severity or impact of a breach in a timely manner. We regularly experience attacks to our systems and networks and have from time to time experienced cybersecurity breaches, such as computer viruses and malware, unauthorized parties gaining access to our IT systems, and similar incidents, which to date have not had a material impact on our business. If we are unable to efficiently and effectively maintain and upgrade our system safeguards, we may incur unexpected costs and certain of our systems may become more vulnerable to unauthorized access. While we select our third party vendors carefully, problems with the IT systems of our vendors, including breakdowns or other disruptions in communication services provided by a vendor, failure of a vendor to handle current or higher volumes, cyber-attacks, and security breaches at a vendor could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers and otherwise conduct our business. Additionally, we are an acquisitive organization and the process of integrating the information systems of the businesses we acquire is complex and exposes us to additional risk as we might not adequately identify weaknesses in the targets’ information systems, which could expose us to unexpected liabilities or make our own systems more vulnerable to attack.
Despite our cybersecurity measures (including employee and third-party training, monitoring of networks and systems, maintenance of backup and protective systems, and maintenance of cybersecurity insurance), our IT networks and infrastructure may still be vulnerable to damage, disruptions, or shutdowns due to attacks by hackers, breaches, employee error or malfeasance, power outages, computer viruses, malware, and ransomware, telecommunication or utility failures, systems failures, natural disasters, or other catastrophic events. We also face the challenge of supporting our older systems and
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implementing necessary upgrades.
Moreover, as we continue to develop products containing complex IT systems designed to support today’s increasingly connected vehicles, these systems also could be susceptible to similar interruptions, including the possibility of unauthorized access. Further, as we transition to offering more cloud-based solutions that are dependent on the Internet or other networks to operate with increased users, we may become a greater target for cyber threats, such as malware, denial of service, external adversaries or insider threats.
These types of incidents affecting us or our third-party vendors could result in intellectual property or other confidential information being lost or stolen, including client, employee, or company data. Any such events could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability or penalties under privacy laws, disruption in operations, and damage to our reputation, which could materially adversely affect our business. Further, to the extent that any disruption or security breach results in a loss of, or damage to, our data, or an inappropriate disclosure of confidential information, it could cause significant damage to our reputation, affect our relationships with our customers, lead to claims against us, and ultimately harm our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Improper disclosure of confidential, personal, or proprietary data could result in regulatory scrutiny, legal liability, or harm to our reputation. Changes to data protection laws, new customer requirements and changes to international data transfer rules could impose new burdens. New developments in smart vehicles changes our risk profile as Sensata creates new classes of personal data with its products and insights.
One of our significant responsibilities is to maintain the security and privacy of our employees’ and customers’ confidential and proprietary information. We maintain policies, procedures, and technological safeguards designed to protect the security and privacy of this information and regularly review compliance changes in the states where Sensata operates. Nevertheless, we cannot eliminate the risk of human error, employee or vendor malfeasance, or cyber-attacks that could result in improper access to or disclosure or transfer of confidential, personal, or proprietary information by Sensata or our supply chain. Such access transfers could harm our reputation and subject us to liability under our contracts and the laws and regulations that protect personal data, resulting in increased costs, loss of revenue, and loss of customers. The release of confidential information could also lead to litigation or other proceedings against us by affected individuals, business partners, or by regulators, and the outcome of such proceedings, which could include penalties or fines, could have a significant negative impact on our business.
In many jurisdictions we are subject to laws and regulations relating to the use of this information. These are becoming increasingly complex and can conflict across the jurisdictions in which we operate. Our failure to adhere to processes in response to changing regulatory requirements could result in legal liability, significant regulator penalties and fines or impair our reputation in the marketplace.
The technological capabilities we are developing in our Smart & Connected initiative bring new risks to our company. Laws and regulations for smart vehicles are expected to continue to evolve in numerous jurisdictions globally, which could affect our product portfolio and operations. Further, managing and securing personal data that our products, as well as our partners’ products, gather is a new and evolving risk for us. We must also prepare and adjust for rapid design philosophies associated with building these new solutions.
Our future success depends in part on our ability to attract and retain key senior management and qualified technical, sales, and other personnel
Our future success depends in part on our continued ability to retain key executives and our ability to attract and retain qualified technical, sales, and other personnel. Significant competition exists for such personnel and we cannot assure the retention of our key executives, technical and sales personnel or our ability to attract, integrate and retain other such personnel that may be required in the future. We cannot assure that employees will not leave and subsequently compete against us. If we are unable to attract and retain key personnel, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Financial Risks
We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates that could negatively impact our financial results and cash flows.
A portion of our net revenue, expenses, receivables, and payables are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar (the "USD"). We, therefore, face exposure to adverse movements in exchange rates of currencies other than the USD, which may change over time and could affect our financial results and cash flows. For financial reporting purposes, we, and each of
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our subsidiaries, operate under a USD functional currency because of the significant influence of the USD on our operations. In certain instances, we enter into transactions that are denominated in a currency other than the USD. At the date that such transaction is recognized, each asset, liability, revenue, expense, gain, or loss arising from the transaction is measured and recorded in USD using the exchange rate in effect at that date. At each balance sheet date, recognized monetary balances denominated in a currency other than the USD are adjusted to USD using the exchange rate at the balance sheet date, with gains or losses recognized in other, net in the consolidated statements of operations. During times of a weakening USD, our revenue recognized in currencies other than the USD may increase because the non-U.S. currency will translate into more USD. Conversely, during times of a strengthening USD, our revenue recognized in currencies other than the USD may decrease because the local currency will translate into fewer USD.
Our level of indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and our ability to operate our business, including our ability to service our debt and/or comply with the related covenants.
The credit agreement governing our secured credit facility (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") provides for senior secured credit facilities (the "Senior Secured Credit Facilities") consisting of a term loan facility (the "Term Loan"), a $420.0 million revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility"), and incremental availability (the "Accordion") under which additional secured credit facilities could be issued under certain circumstances. As of December 31, 2020, we had $4,036.6 million of gross outstanding indebtedness, including various tranches of senior notes (the “Senior Notes”). Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our outstanding indebtedness.
Our substantial indebtedness could have important consequences. For example, it could make it more difficult for us to satisfy our debt obligations; restrict us from making strategic acquisitions; limit our ability to repurchase shares; limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and future business opportunities, thereby placing us at a competitive disadvantage if our competitors are not as highly-leveraged; increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and market conditions; or require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flows from operations to payments on our indebtedness if we do not maintain specified financial ratios or are not able to refinance our indebtedness as it comes due, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flows for other purposes.
In addition, the Accordion permits us to incur additional secured credit facilities in certain circumstances in the future, subject to certain limitations as defined in the indentures under which the Senior Notes were issued. This could allow us to issue additional secured debt or increase the capacity of the Revolving Credit Facility. If we increase our indebtedness by borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility or incur other new indebtedness under the Accordion, the risks described above would increase.
We cannot guarantee that we will be able to obtain enough capital to service our debt and fund our planned capital expenditures and business plan. If we complete additional acquisitions, our debt service requirements could also increase. If we cannot service our indebtedness, we may have to take actions such as selling assets, seeking additional equity investments, or reducing or delaying capital expenditures, strategic acquisitions, investments, and alliances, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our operations. Additionally, we may not be able to effect such actions, if necessary, on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.
If we experience an event of default under any of our debt instruments that is not cured or waived, the holders of the defaulted debt could cause all amounts outstanding with respect to the debt to become due and payable immediately, which, in turn, would result in cross-defaults under our other debt instruments. Our assets and cash flows may not be sufficient to fully repay borrowings if accelerated upon an event of default.
If, when required, we are unable to repay, refinance, or restructure our indebtedness under, or amend the covenants contained in, the Credit Agreement, or if a default otherwise occurs, the lenders under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities could: elect to terminate their commitments thereunder; cease making further loans; declare all borrowings outstanding, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable; institute foreclosure proceedings against those assets that secure the borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities; and prevent us from making payments on the Senior Notes. Any such actions could force us into bankruptcy or liquidation, and we might not be able to repay our obligations in such an event.
Changes in government trade policies, including the imposition of tariffs, may have a material impact on our results of operations.
We evaluate all trade policies that impact us, and adjust our operational strategies to mitigate the impact of these policies. However, trade policies, including quotas, duties, tariffs, taxes or other similar restrictions upon the import or export of our products, are subject to change, and we cannot ensure that any mitigation strategies employed will remain available in the future
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or that we will be able to offset tariff-related costs or maintain competitive pricing of our products. The adoption and expansion of trade restrictions, the occurrence of a trade war, or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies has the potential to adversely impact demand for our products, our costs, our customers, our suppliers, and the global economy, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Existing free trade laws and regulations, such as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, provide certain beneficial duties and tariffs for qualifying imports and exports, subject to compliance with the applicable classification and other requirements. Changes in laws or policies governing the terms of foreign trade, and in particular increased trade restrictions, tariffs or taxes on imports from countries where we manufacture products, such as China and Mexico, could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial results. As discussed in the MD&A, increased tariff costs have increased our cost of revenue as a percentage of net revenue in fiscal year 2020. In addition, most of our facilities in Mexico operate under the Mexican Maquiladora program. This program provides for reduced tariffs and eased import regulations; we could be adversely affected by changes in such program, or by our failure to comply with its requirements.
Further tariffs may be imposed on other imports of our products or our business may be further impacted by retaliatory trade measures taken by China or other countries in response to existing or future U.S. tariffs. We may raise our prices on products subject to such tariffs to share the cost with our customers, which could harm our operating performance or cause our customers to seek alternative suppliers. In addition, we may seek to shift some of our China manufacturing to other countries, which could result in additional costs and disruption to our operations. We also sell our products globally and, therefore, our export sales could be impacted by the tariffs. Any material reduction in sales may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
We have recorded a significant amount of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets, and we may be required to recognize goodwill or intangible asset impairments, which would reduce our earnings.
We have recorded a significant amount of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. Goodwill and other intangible assets, net totaled approximately $3.8 billion as of December 31, 2020, or 48% of our total assets. Goodwill, which represents the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized, was approximately $3.1 billion as of December 31, 2020, or 40% of our total assets. Goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets were recognized at fair value as of the corresponding acquisition date. Impairment of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets may result from, among other things, deterioration in our performance, adverse market conditions, adverse changes in laws or regulations, significant unexpected or planned changes in the use of assets, and a variety of other factors. We consider a combination of quantitative and qualitative factors to determine whether a reporting unit is at risk of failing Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test, including: the timing of our most recent quantitative impairment tests and the relative amount by which a reporting unit’s fair value exceeded its then carrying value, the inputs and assumptions underlying our valuation models and the sensitivity of our fair value measurements to those inputs and assumptions, the impact that adverse economic or market conditions may have on the degree of uncertainty inherent in our long-term operating forecasts, and changes in the carrying value of a reporting unit’s net assets from the time of our most recent goodwill impairment test.
The amount of any quantified impairment must be expensed immediately as a charge that is included in operating income, which may impact our ability to raise capital. Should certain assumptions used in the development of the fair value of our reporting units change, we may be required to recognize goodwill or other intangible asset impairments. Refer to Note 11, "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, Net," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. Refer to Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates, included in the MD&A for additional information related to the assumptions used in the development of the fair value of our reporting units.
Our global effective tax rate is subject to a variety of different factors that could create volatility in that tax rate, expose us to greater than anticipated tax liabilities, or cause us to adjust previously recognized tax assets and liabilities.
We are subject to income taxes in the U.K., China, Mexico, the U.S., and many other jurisdictions. As a result, our global effective tax rate from period to period can be affected by many factors, including changes in tax legislation, changes in tax rates and tax laws, our jurisdictional mix of earnings, the use of global funding structures, the tax characteristics of our income, the effects on our revenues and costs of complying with transfer pricing requirements under differing laws of various countries, consequences of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses and business segments, the generation of sufficient future taxable income to realize our deferred tax assets, and the taxation of subsidiary income in the jurisdiction of its parent company regardless of whether or not distributed. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for (or benefit from) income taxes, and our determination of the amount of our tax liability is always subject to review by applicable tax authorities. Refer to Note 7, "Income Taxes," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our accounting for income taxes.
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We cannot provide any assurances as to what our tax rate will be in any period because of, among other things, uncertainty regarding the nature and extent of our business activities in any particular jurisdiction in the future and the tax laws of such jurisdictions, as well as changes in U.S. and other tax laws, treaties, and regulations, in particular related to proposed tax laws by the U.S. government as a result of seating of a new administration, which could increase our tax liabilities. Our actual global tax rate may vary from our expectation and that variance may be material. We continuously monitor all global regulatory developments and consider alternatives to limit their detrimental impacts. However, not all unfavorable developments can be moderated and we may consequently experience adverse effects on our effective tax rate and cash flows. Therefore, we cannot provide any assurances as to what our tax rate will be in any future period.
For example, the European Commission (“EC”) has been conducting investigations of state aid and have focused on whether EU sovereign country laws or rulings provide favorable treatment to taxpayers conflicting with its interpretation of EU law. EC findings may have retroactive effect and can cause increases in tax liabilities where we considered ourselves in full compliance with local legislation. Furthermore, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”), representing a number of jurisdictions where we conduct business, is recommending changes to long-accepted tax principles applied by most multinational corporations. As currently drafted, OECD guidelines would precipitate incremental future tax liabilities to Sensata. However, the OECD guidelines’ timing and impact to us remains unclear. We continue to monitor developments and shall react accordingly.
We could be subject to future audits conducted by these foreign and domestic tax authorities, and the resolution of such audits could impact our tax rate in future periods, as would any reclassification or other changes (such as those in applicable accounting rules) that increases the amounts we have provided for income taxes in our consolidated financial statements. There can be no assurance that we would be successful in attempting to mitigate the adverse impacts resulting from any changes in law, audits and other matters. Our inability to mitigate the negative consequences of any changes in the law, audits and other matters could cause our global tax rate to increase, our use of cash to increase and our financial condition and results of operations to suffer.
We are a holding company and, therefore, may not be able to receive dividends or other payments in needed amounts from our subsidiaries.
We are organized as a holding company, a legal entity separate and distinct from our operating entities. As a holding company without significant operations of its own, our principal assets are the shares of capital stock of our subsidiaries. We rely on dividends, interest, and other payments from these subsidiaries to meet our obligations for paying principal and interest on outstanding debt, repurchasing ordinary shares, and corporate expenses. Certain of our subsidiaries are subject to regulatory requirements of the jurisdictions in which they operate or other restrictions that may limit the amounts that subsidiaries can pay in dividends or other payments to us. No assurance can be given that there will not be further changes in law, regulatory actions, or other circumstances that could restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or otherwise make payments to us. Furthermore, no assurance can be given that our subsidiaries may be able to make timely payments to us in order for us to meet our obligations.
Legal and Regulatory Risks
We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the "FCPA"), the U.K.'s Bribery Act, and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws.
The U.S. FCPA, the U.K.'s Bribery Act, and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. We operate in many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree, and in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Despite our training and compliance program, we cannot provide assurance that our internal control policies and procedures will protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. Violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our business and result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
Export of our products is subject to various export control regulations and may require a license from the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Commerce, or the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Any failure to comply with such regulations could result in governmental enforcement actions, fines, penalties, or other remedies, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Certain of our products require us to comply with the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, ITAR, and the sanctions, regulations, and embargoes administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC"). Our products that have military
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applications are on the munitions list of ITAR and require an individual validated license in order to be exported to certain jurisdictions. These restrictions also apply to technical data for design, development, production, use, repair, and maintenance of such ITAR-controlled products. The export of ITAR-controlled products or technical data requires an individual validated license from the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
We also export products that are subject to other export regulations. Any changes in these export regulations may further restrict the export of our products, and we may cease to be able to procure export licenses for our products under existing regulations. This area remains fluid in terms of regulatory developments. Should we need an export license under existing regulations, the length of time required by the licensing process can vary, potentially delaying the shipment of products and the recognition of the corresponding revenue. We have no control over the time it takes to process an export license. Any restriction on the export of a significant product line or a significant amount of our products could cause a significant reduction in revenue.
We have discovered in the past, and may discover in the future, deficiencies in our OFAC and ITAR compliance programs. Although we continue to enhance these compliance programs, we cannot assure you that any such enhancements will ensure that we are in compliance with applicable laws and regulations at all times, or that applicable authorities will not raise compliance concerns or perform audits to confirm our compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Any failure by us to comply with applicable laws and regulations could result in governmental enforcement actions, fines or penalties, criminal and/or civil proceedings, or other remedies, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and/or financial condition.
Changes in existing environmental or safety laws, regulations, and programs could reduce demand for our products, which could cause our revenue to decline.
A significant amount of our business is generated either directly or indirectly as a result of existing laws, regulations, and programs related to environmental protection, fuel economy, energy efficiency, and safety regulation. Accordingly, a relaxation or repeal of these laws and regulations, or changes in governmental policies regarding the funding, implementation, or enforcement of these programs, could result in a decline in demand for environmental and/or safety products, which may have a material adverse effect on our revenue.
Our operations expose us to the risk of material environmental liabilities, litigation, government enforcement actions, and reputational risk.
We are subject to numerous federal, state, and local environmental protection and health and safety laws and regulations in the various countries where we operate and where our products are sold. These laws and regulations govern, among other things, the generation, storage, use, and transportation of hazardous materials; emissions or discharges of substances into the environment; investigation and remediation of hazardous substances or materials at various sites; greenhouse gas emissions; product hazardous material content; and the health and safety of our employees.
We may not have been, or we may not always be, in compliance with all environmental and health and safety laws and regulations. If we violate these laws, we could be fined, criminally charged, or otherwise sanctioned by regulators. In addition, environmental and health and safety laws are becoming more stringent, resulting in increased costs and compliance burdens.
Certain environmental laws assess liability on current or previous owners or operators of real property for the costs of investigation, removal, and remediation of hazardous substances or materials at their properties or properties at which they have disposed of hazardous substances. Liability for investigation, removal, and remediation costs under certain federal and state laws is retroactive, strict, and joint and several. In addition to cleanup actions brought by governmental authorities, private parties could bring personal injury or other claims due to the presence of, or exposure to, hazardous substances.
We cannot provide assurance that our costs of complying with current or future environmental protection and health and safety laws, or our liabilities arising from past or future releases of, or exposures to, hazardous substances will not exceed our estimates or adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows, or that we will not be subject to additional environmental claims for personal injury, property damage, and/or cleanup in the future based on our past, present, or future business activities.
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In addition, our products are subject to various requirements related to chemical usage, hazardous material content, and recycling. The EU, China, and other jurisdictions in which our products are sold have enacted or are proposing to enact laws addressing environmental and other impacts from product disposal, use of hazardous materials in products, use of chemicals in manufacturing, recycling of products at the end of their useful life, and other related matters. These laws include but are not limited to the EU RoHS, ELV, and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directives; the EU REACH regulation; and the China law on Management Methods for Controlling Pollution by Electronic Information Products. These laws prohibit the use of certain substances in the manufacture of our products and directly and indirectly impose a variety of requirements for modification of manufacturing processes, registration, chemical testing, labeling, and other matters. These laws continue to proliferate and expand in these and other jurisdictions to address other materials and aspects of our product manufacturing and sale. These laws could make the manufacture or sale of our products more expensive or impossible, could limit our ability to sell our products in certain jurisdictions, and could result in liability for product recalls, penalties, or other claims.
Our ability to compete effectively depends, in part, on our ability to maintain the proprietary nature of our products and technology.
The electronics industry is characterized by litigation regarding patent and other intellectual property rights. Within this industry, companies have become more aggressive in asserting and defending patent claims against competitors. There can be no assurance that we will not be subject to future litigation alleging infringement or invalidity of certain of our intellectual property rights, or that we will not have to pursue litigation to protect our property rights. Depending on the importance of the technology, product, patent, trademark, or trade secret in question, an unfavorable outcome regarding one of these matters may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
We may be subject to claims that our products or processes infringe on the intellectual property rights of others, which may cause us to pay unexpected litigation costs or damages, modify our products or processes, or prevent us from selling our products.
Third parties may claim that our processes and products infringe their intellectual property rights. Whether or not these claims have merit, we may be subject to costly and time consuming legal proceedings, and this could divert management’s attention from operating our business. If these claims are successfully asserted against us, we could be required to pay substantial damages, make future royalty payments, and/or could be prevented from selling some or all of our products. We also may be obligated to indemnify our business partners or customers in any such litigation. Furthermore, we may need to obtain licenses from these third parties or substantially re-engineer or rename our products in order to avoid infringement. In addition, we might not be able to obtain the necessary licenses on acceptable terms, or at all, or be able to re-engineer or rename our products successfully. If we are prevented from selling some or all of our products, our sales could be materially adversely affected.
We are a defendant to a variety of litigation in the course of our business that could cause a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
In the normal course of business, we are, from time to time, a defendant in litigation, including litigation alleging the infringement of intellectual property rights, anti-competitive behavior, product liability, breach of contract, and employment-related claims. In certain circumstances, patent infringement and antitrust laws permit successful plaintiffs to recover treble damages. The defense of these lawsuits may divert our management's attention, and we may incur significant expenses in defending these lawsuits. In addition, we may be required to pay damage awards or settlements, or become subject to injunctions or other equitable remedies, that could cause a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
U.K. Domicile Risks
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, we may have less flexibility with respect to certain aspects of capital management.
English law imposes additional restrictions on certain corporate actions. For example, English law provides that a board of directors may only allot, or issue, securities with the prior authorization of shareholders, such authorization being up to the aggregate nominal amount of shares and for a maximum period of five years, each as specified in the articles of association or relevant shareholder resolution. English law also generally provides shareholders with preemptive rights when new shares are issued for cash; however, it is possible for the articles of association, or shareholders at a general meeting, to exclude preemptive rights. Such an exclusion of preemptive rights may be for a maximum period of up to five years as specified in the articles of association or relevant shareholder resolution. We currently only have authorization to issue shares under our equity
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plan excluding preemptive rights until our next annual general meeting. This authorization and exclusion needs to be renewed by our shareholders periodically and we intend to renew the authorization and exclusion at each annual general meeting.
English law also requires us to have available "distributable reserves" to make share repurchases or pay dividends to shareholders. Distributable reserves may be created through the earnings of the U.K. parent company or other actions. While we intend to maintain a sufficient level of distributable reserves, there is no assurance that we will continue to generate sufficient earnings in order to maintain the necessary level of distributable reserves to make share repurchases or pay dividends.
English law also generally prohibits a company from repurchasing its own shares by way of "off-market purchases" without the prior approval of our shareholders. Such approval lasts for a maximum period of up to five years. Our shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, which is not a recognized investment exchange in the U.K. Consequently, any repurchase of our shares is currently considered an "off-market purchase." Our current authorization expires on May 28, 2025, and we intend to renew this authorization periodically.
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, the enforcement of civil liabilities against us may be more difficult.
Because we are a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, investors could experience more difficulty enforcing judgments obtained against us in U.S. courts than would have been the case for a U.S. company. In addition, it may be more difficult (or impossible) to bring some types of claims against us in courts in England than it would be to bring similar claims against a U.S. company in a U.S. court.
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, it may not be possible to effect service of process upon us within the U.S. to enforce judgments of U.S. courts against us based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws.
There is doubt as to the enforceability in England and Wales, in original actions or in actions for enforcement of judgments of U.S. courts, of civil liabilities solely based on the U.S. federal securities laws. The English courts will, however, treat any amount payable by us under U.S. judgment as a debt and new proceedings can be commenced in the English courts to enforce this debt against us. The following criteria must be satisfied for the English court to enforce the debt created by the U.S. judgment: (1) the U.S. court having had jurisdiction over the original proceedings according to English conflicts of laws principles and rules of English private international law at the time when proceedings were initiated; (2) the U.S. proceedings not having been brought in breach of a jurisdiction or arbitration clause except with the agreement of the defendant or the defendant’s subsequent submission to the jurisdiction of the court; (3) the U.S. judgment being final and conclusive on the merits in the sense of being final and unalterable in the court which pronounced it and being for a definite sum of money; (4) the recognition or enforcement, as the case may be, of the U.S. judgment not contravening English public policy in a sufficiently significant way or contravening the Human Rights Act 1998 (or any subordinate legislation made thereunder, to the extent applicable); (5) the U.S. judgment not being for a sum payable in respect of taxes, or other charges of a like nature, or in respect of a penalty or fine, or otherwise based on a U.S. law that an English court considers to be a penal or revenue law; (6) the U.S. judgment not having been arrived at by doubling, trebling or otherwise multiplying a sum assessed as compensation for the loss or damages sustained, and not otherwise being a judgment contrary to section 5 of the Protection of Trading Interests Act 1980 or is a judgment based on measures designated by the Secretary of State under Section 1 of that Act; (7) the U.S. judgment not having been obtained by fraud or in breach of English principles of natural justice; (8) the U.S. judgment not being a judgment on a matter previously determined by an English court, or another court whose judgment is entitled to recognition (or enforcement as the case may be) in England, in proceedings involving the same parties that conflicts with an earlier judgment of such court; (9) the party seeking enforcement (being a party who is not ordinarily resident in some part of the U.K. or resident in an EU Member State) providing security for costs, if ordered to do so by the English courts; and (10) the English enforcement proceedings being commenced within the relevant limitation period.
If an English court gives judgment for the sum payable under a U.S. judgment, the English judgment will be enforceable by methods generally available for this purpose. These methods generally permit the English court discretion to prescribe the manner of enforcement. In addition, in any enforcement proceedings, the judgment debtor may raise any counterclaim that could have been brought if the action had been originally brought in England unless the subject of the counterclaim was in issue and denied in the U.S. proceedings.
ITEM 1B.     UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
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ITEM 2.     PROPERTIES
As of December 31, 2020, we occupied principal manufacturing facilities and business centers in the following locations:
Reportable SegmentApproximate Square Footage (in thousands)
Performance SensingSensing Solutions
CountryLocationOwnedLeased
BulgariaBotevgradX169
BulgariaPlovdivX125
BulgariaSofiaX121
China
Baoying (1)
XX296385
ChinaChangzhouXX335256
MalaysiaSubang JayaX138
MexicoAguascalientesXX489
Mexico
Tijuana
XX235
NetherlandsHengeloXX94
United KingdomAntrimX137
United Kingdom
Swindon (2)
X34
United States
Attleboro, MA (3)
XX443
United StatesCarpinteria, CAXX50
United StatesThousand Oaks, CAXX115
1,5521,870
__________________________________________
(1)    The owned portion of the properties in this location serves the Sensing Solutions segment only.
(2)    Our U.K. headquarters is located in this facility.
(3)    Our U.S. headquarters is located in this facility.
These facilities are primarily devoted to research, development, engineering, manufacturing, and assembly. In addition to these principal facilities, we occupy other manufacturing, engineering, warehousing, administrative, and sales facilities worldwide, which are primarily leased.
We consider our manufacturing facilities sufficient to meet our current operational requirements. An increase in demand for our products may require us to expand our production capacity, which could require us to identify and acquire or lease additional manufacturing facilities. We believe that suitable additional or substitute facilities will be available as required; however, if we are unable to acquire, integrate, and move into production the facilities, equipment, and personnel necessary to meet such an increase in demand, our customer relationships, results of operations, and/or financial condition may suffer materially. Leases covering our currently occupied principal leased facilities expire at varying dates within the next 16 years. We do not anticipate difficulty in retaining occupancy through lease renewals, month-to-month occupancy, or by replacing the leased facilities with equivalent facilities.
A significant portion of our owned properties and equipment is subject to a lien under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to the Senior Secured Credit Facilities.
ITEM 3.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are regularly involved in a number of claims and litigation matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. Although it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these matters, based upon our experience and current information known to us, we do not expect the outcome of these matters, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
ITEM 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II
ITEM 5.     MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
Our ordinary shares trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "ST."
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the total shareholder return of our ordinary shares since December 31, 2015 to the total shareholder return since that date of the Standard & Poor’s ("S&P") 500 Stock Index and the S&P 500 Industrial Index. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in our ordinary shares and each index was $100.00 on December 31, 2015.
st-20201231_g1.jpg
Total Shareholder Return of $100.00 Investment from December 31, 2015
As of December 31,
 201520162017201820192020
Sensata$100.00 $84.56 $110.96 $97.35 $116.96 $114.50 
S&P 500
$100.00 $111.96 $136.40 $130.42 $171.49 $203.04 
S&P 500 Industrial
$100.00 $116.08 $137.60 $116.96 $148.34 $161.70 
The information in the graph and table above is not "soliciting material," is not deemed "filed" with the United States (the "U.S.") Securities and Exchange Commission, and is not to be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), except to the extent that we specifically incorporate such information by reference. The total shareholder return shown on the graph represents past performance and should not be considered an indication of future price performance.
Stockholders
As of January 29, 2021, there were three holders of record of our ordinary shares, primarily Cede & Co. (which acts as nominee shareholder for the Depository Trust Company).
Dividends
We have never declared or paid any dividends on our ordinary shares, and we currently do not plan to declare any such dividends in the foreseeable future. Because we are a holding company, our ability to pay cash dividends on our ordinary shares may be limited by restrictions on our ability to obtain sufficient funds through dividends from our subsidiaries, including
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restrictions under the terms of the agreements governing our indebtedness. In that regard, our indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary, Sensata Technologies B.V. ("STBV"), may be limited in its ability to pay dividends or otherwise make distributions to its immediate parent company and, ultimately, to us. Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto (our "Financial Statements") included elsewhere in this Report for additional information related to our dividend restrictions.
Additionally, certain of our subsidiaries may be limited in their ability to pay dividends or make other distributions to the extent that the shareholders' equity of such subsidiary exceeds the reserves required to be maintained by law or under its articles of association. Under the laws of England and Wales, we are able to declare dividends, make distributions, or repurchase shares only out of distributable reserves on our statutory balance sheet. Distributable reserves are a company’s accumulated, realized profits, so far as not previously utilized by distribution or capitalization, less its accumulated, realized losses, so far as not previously written off in a reduction or reorganization of capital duly made. Realized reserves are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles at the time the relevant accounts are prepared. We are not permitted to make a distribution if, at the time, the amount of our net assets is less than the aggregate of our issued and paid-up share capital and undistributable reserves or to the extent that the distribution will reduce our net assets below such amount. Subject to these limitations, the payment of cash dividends in the future, if any, will depend upon such factors as earnings levels, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, our overall financial condition, and any other factors deemed relevant by our shareholders and Board of Directors.
Under current United Kingdom ("U.K.") tax legislation, any future dividends paid by us will not be subject to withholding or deduction on account of U.K. tax, irrespective of the tax residence or the individual circumstances of the recipient shareholder. Shareholders should consult their tax advisors regarding their particular tax situation and the income tax consequences on any potential dividend income received from us.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased
(in shares) (1)
Weighted-Average 
Price
Paid per Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly
Announced Plan or Programs
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan or Programs
(in millions)
October 1 through October 31, 2020— $— — $302.3 
November 1 through November 30, 202010,499 $43.71 — $302.3 
December 1 through December 31, 20202,301 $50.97 — $302.3 
Quarter total12,800 $45.02 — $302.3 
__________________________
(1)     The number of ordinary shares presented were withheld upon the vesting of restricted securities to cover payment of employee withholding tax. These withholdings took place outside of a publicly announced repurchase plan.
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ITEM 6.     SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
We have derived the selected consolidated statements of operations and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018 and the selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 from our Financial Statements. We have derived the selected consolidated statements of operations and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 and the selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016 from audited consolidated financial statements not included in this Report.
You should read the following information in conjunction with our Financial Statements and Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report (the "MD&A"). Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected in any future period.
 
Sensata Technologies Holding plc (Consolidated) (a)
 For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share data)20202019201820172016
Statement of operations data: (b)
Net revenue$3,045,578 $3,450,631 $3,521,627 $3,306,733 $3,202,288 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue2,119,044 2,267,433 2,266,863 2,138,898 2,084,159 
Research and development131,429 148,425 147,279 130,127 126,656 
Selling, general and administrative294,725 281,442 305,558 301,896 293,506 
Amortization of intangible assets129,549 142,886 139,326 161,050 201,498 
Restructuring and other charges, net (c)
33,094 53,560 (47,818)18,975 4,113 
Total operating costs and expenses2,707,841 2,893,746 2,811,208 2,750,946 2,709,932 
Operating income337,737 556,885 710,419 555,787 492,356 
Interest expense, net(171,757)(158,554)(153,679)(159,761)(165,818)
Other, net(d)
(339)(7,908)(30,365)6,415 (5,093)
Income before taxes165,641 390,423 526,375 402,441 321,445 
Provision for/(benefit from) income taxes (e)
1,355 107,709 (72,620)(5,916)59,011 
Net income$164,286 $282,714 $598,995 $408,357 $262,434 
Basic net income per share$1.04 $1.76 $3.55 $2.39 $1.54 
Diluted net income per share$1.04 $1.75 $3.53 $2.37 $1.53 
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding—basic157,373 160,946 168,570 171,165 170,709 
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding—diluted158,134 161,968 169,859 172,169 171,460 
Other financial data: (b)
Net cash provided by/(used in):
Operating activities$559,775 $619,562 $620,563 $557,646 $521,525 
Investing activities$(182,092)$(208,777)$(237,606)$(140,722)$(174,778)
Financing activities$710,178 $(366,499)$(406,213)$(15,263)$(337,582)
Additions to property, plant and equipment and capitalized software$(106,719)$(161,259)$(159,787)$(144,584)$(130,217)
As of December 31,
(In thousands)20202019201820172016
Balance sheet data: (b)
Cash and cash equivalents$1,861,980