Company Quick10K Filing
Starguide Group
Price13.31 EPS3
Shares81 P/E4
MCap1,076 P/FCF-14
Net Debt2,900 EBIT402
TEV3,977 TEV/EBIT10
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-23
10-Q 2020-10-31 Filed 2020-12-11
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-11-03
10-Q 2020-07-31 Filed 2020-09-08
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-06
S-1 2020-04-15 Public Filing
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-30
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-24
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-31
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-01
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-02
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-26
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-01
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-03
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-03
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-26
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-02
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-04
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-04
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-27
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-03
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-04
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-03
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-26
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-03
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-04
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-04
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-02
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-04
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-05
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-06
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-03
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-06
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-06
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-06
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-03-01
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-09
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-07
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-10
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-29
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-08
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-09
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-10
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-03-24
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-08
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-06
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-07
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-03-01
8-K 2020-11-03
8-K 2020-09-01
8-K 2020-08-18
8-K 2020-08-06
8-K 2020-08-03
8-K 2020-06-01
8-K 2020-04-30
8-K 2020-02-24
8-K 2020-02-20
8-K 2020-02-13
8-K 2020-01-14
8-K 2019-12-16
8-K 2019-12-06
8-K 2019-12-06
8-K 2019-11-26
8-K 2019-11-22
8-K 2019-10-31
8-K 2019-09-12
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-06-27
8-K 2019-05-30
8-K 2019-05-16
8-K 2019-05-02
8-K 2019-03-23
8-K 2019-03-11
8-K 2019-02-25
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2019-01-02
8-K 2018-11-01
8-K 2018-10-04
8-K 2018-08-02
8-K 2018-07-01
8-K 2018-06-30
8-K 2018-06-28
8-K 2018-05-16
8-K 2018-05-03
8-K 2018-04-03
8-K 2018-03-24
8-K 2018-02-26

STAR 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Equity and Related Stock Matters
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1 - Business and Organization
Note 2 - Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 4 - Real Estate
Note 5 - Net Investment in Leases
Note 6 - Land and Development
Note 7 - Loans Receivable and Other Lending Investments, Net
Note 8 - Other Investments
Note 9 - Other Assets and Other Liabilities
Note 10 - Loan Participations Payable, Net
Note 11 - Debt Obligations, Net
Note 12 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 13 - Risk Management and Derivatives
Note 14 - Equity
Note 15 - Stock - Based Compensation Plans and Employee Benefits
Note 16 - Earnings per Share
Note 17 - Fair Values
Note 18 - Segment Reporting
Item 9. Changes and Disagreements with Registered Public Accounting Firm on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance of The Registrant
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Registered Public Accounting Firm Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules and Reports on Form 8 - K
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-21.1 starexhibit21112312020.htm
EX-23.1 starexhibit23112312020.htm
EX-31.0 starexhibit31012312020.htm
EX-32.0 starexhibit32012312020.htm

Starguide Group Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.08.06.04.02.00.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.40.30.20.0-0.1-0.22012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.90.50.1-0.3-0.7-1.12012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-K
(Mark One) 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended
December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to            
Commission File No. 1-15371
_______________________________________________________________________________
iStar Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland95-6881527
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
1114 Avenue of the Americas, 39th Floor
New York,NY10036
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (212930-9400
_______________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:Trading Symbol(s) Name of Exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, $0.001 par valueSTAR New York Stock Exchange
8.00% Series D Cumulative Redeemable
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value
STAR-PD New York Stock Exchange
7.65% Series G Cumulative Redeemable
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value
STAR-PG New York Stock Exchange
7.50% Series I Cumulative Redeemable
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value
STAR-PI New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes     No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (i) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (ii) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     No 


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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company Emerging growth company
  
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes     No 
    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal controls over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
As of June 30, 2020 the aggregate market value of iStar Inc. common stock, $0.001 par value per share, held by non-affiliates (1) of the registrant was approximately $889.5 million, based upon the closing price of $12.32 on the New York Stock Exchange composite tape on such date.
As of February 19, 2021, there were 73,871,977 shares of common stock outstanding.
(1)For purposes of this Annual Report only, includes all outstanding common stock other than common stock held directly by the registrant's directors and executive officers.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
1.Portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement for the registrant's 2021 Annual Meeting, to be filed within 120 days after the close of the registrant's fiscal year, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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PART I


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PART I
Item 1.    Business
Explanatory Note for Purposes of the "Safe Harbor Provisions" of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
Certain statements in this report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Forward-looking statements are included with respect to, among other things, iStar Inc.'s current business plan, business strategy, portfolio management, prospects and liquidity. These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words "believe," "project," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "intend," "strategy," "plan," "may," "should," "will," "would," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that iStar Inc. believes might cause such differences are discussed in the section entitled, "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1a of this Form 10-K or otherwise accompany the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In assessing all forward-looking statements, readers are urged to read carefully all cautionary statements contained in this Form 10-K.
Overview
iStar Inc. (references to the "Company," "we," "us" or "our" refer to iStar Inc.) finances, invests in and develops real estate and real estate related projects as part of its fully-integrated investment platform. The Company also manages entities focused on ground lease ("Ground Lease") and net lease investments. The Company has invested over $40 billion over the past two decades and is structured as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") with a diversified portfolio focused on larger assets located in major metropolitan markets. The Company's primary reportable business segments are net lease, real estate finance, operating properties and land and development.
The Company's primary sources of revenues are rent and reimbursements that tenants pay to lease the Company's properties, interest that borrowers pay on loans, land development revenue from lot and parcel sales, proceeds from asset sales and income from management fees and equity investments.
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As of December 31, 2020, based on our gross book value, including the carrying value of our equity method investments exclusive of accumulated depreciation, our total investment portfolio has the following characteristics:
star-20201231_g1.jpg
Net Lease: The net lease portfolio includes the Company's traditional net lease investments and its Ground Lease investments made through Safehold Inc. ("SAFE"), a publicly traded REIT focused exclusively on Ground Leases that we launched in 2017 and manage pursuant to a management agreement, both of which we believe offer stable long-term cash flows. We own our traditional net lease properties directly and through ventures that we manage. As of December 31, 2020, we owned approximately 65.4% of SAFE's outstanding common stock.
Real Estate Finance: The real estate finance portfolio is comprised of leasehold loans (including leasehold loans to SAFE's tenants), preferred equity investments and senior and subordinated loans to business entities and may be either secured or unsecured. The Company's loan portfolio includes whole loans and loan participations. The Company's real estate loans may be either fixed-rate or variable-rate and are structured to meet the specific financing needs of borrowers
Operating Properties: The operating properties portfolio is comprised of commercial and residential properties, which represent a pool of assets across a broad range of geographies and property types. The Company generally seeks to reposition or redevelop its transitional properties with the objective of maximizing their value through the infusion of capital and/or concentrated asset management efforts. The commercial properties within this portfolio include retail, hotel and other property types. The residential properties within this portfolio are generally luxury condominium projects located in major U.S. cities where the Company's strategy is to sell individual condominium units through retail distribution channels.
Land & Development: The land and development portfolio is primarily comprised of land entitled for master planned communities and waterfront and urban infill land parcels located throughout the United States. Master planned communities represent large-scale residential projects that the Company will entitle, plan and/or develop and may sell through retail channels to homebuilders or in bulk ("MPCs"). The communities also typically have a smaller portion of their land reserved for future commercial development. Waterfront parcels are generally entitled for residential projects and urban infill parcels are generally entitled for mixed-use projects. The Company may develop these properties itself, or in partnership with commercial real estate developers, or may sell the properties.
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Investment Strategy
Throughout our more than 20-year history, we have focused on providing capital to the commercial real estate sector in a differentiated way that emphasizes custom-tailored solutions over commoditized products. We have adjusted the allocation of our capital and resources from time to time based on market conditions. Our Ground Lease strategy is the most recent example of our historical approach. We believe that investment and financing opportunities in the Ground Lease sector currently offer more attractive risk adjusted returns than other investment opportunities, and should enable us to benefit from the unique insights and competitive advantages we have gained through SAFE.
In originating new investments, the Company's strategy is to focus on the following:
Targeting custom-tailored opportunities where customers require flexible financial solutions and "one-call" responsiveness, such as a joint offering of a SAFE Ground Lease and an iStar leasehold loan;
Acquiring a fee simple interest in a commercial property that we intend to bifurcate into a SAFE Ground Lease to be acquired by SAFE and a leasehold interest which we may sell or hold for investment;
Avoiding commodity businesses where there is significant direct competition from other providers of capital;
Developing direct relationships with borrowers and corporate customers in addition to sourcing transactions through intermediaries;
Adding value beyond simply providing capital by offering borrowers and corporate customers specific lending and Ground Lease expertise, flexibility, certainty of closing and continuing relationships beyond the closing of a particular transaction;
Taking advantage of market anomalies in the real estate capital markets when, in the Company's view, credit is mispriced by other providers of capital; and
Evaluating relative risk adjusted returns across multiple investment markets.

We have been actively seeking to reduce the level of our "legacy assets," which refer primarily to properties that we took back from defaulting borrowers in the financial crisis. As we sell these assets, we expect to use the net proceeds primarily to make additional investments in our net lease business, including Ground Leases, and for general corporate purposes.
Financing Strategy
We use leverage to enhance our return on assets. Our principal financing sources are unsecured bonds issued in capital markets transactions, our revolving credit facility and term loan and individual mortgage loans. In August 2020, we took advantage of favorable interest rate and liquidity conditions to refinance debt through the issuance of $400 million of unsecured notes due February 2026. Proceeds from the issuance were used to repay unsecured notes due September 2022. We have no corporate debt maturities through September 2022.
Going forward, the Company will seek to raise capital through a variety of means, which may include unsecured and secured debt financing, debt refinancings, asset sales, issuances of equity, engaging in joint venture transactions and other third party capital arrangements. A more detailed discussion of the Company's current liquidity and capital resources is provided in Item 7—"Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."
Underwriting Process
The Company reviews investment opportunities with its investment professionals, as well as representatives from its legal, credit, risk management and capital markets departments. The Company has developed a process for screening potential investments called the Six Point Methodologysm. Through this proprietary process, the Company internally evaluates an investment opportunity by: (1) evaluating the source of the opportunity; (2) evaluating the quality of the collateral, corporate credit or lessee, as well as the market and industry dynamics; (3) evaluating the borrower equity, corporate sponsorship and/or guarantors; (4) determining the optimal legal and financial structure for the transaction given its risk profile; (5) performing an alternative investment test; and (6) evaluating the liquidity of the investment. The Company uses a similar screening methodology for leasehold loans to tenants of SAFE and related party transactions with SAFE. The Company maintains an internal investment committee, and certain investments, including related party transactions and leasehold loans to tenants of SAFE, are subject to the approval of the Board of Directors or a committee thereof.
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Hedging Strategy
The Company finances its business with a combination of fixed-rate and variable-rate debt and its asset base consists of fixed-rate and variable-rate investments. Its variable-rate assets and liabilities are intended to be matched against changes in variable interest rates. This means that as interest rates increase, the Company earns more on its variable-rate lending assets and pays more on its variable-rate debt obligations and, conversely, as interest rates decrease, the Company earns less on its variable-rate lending assets and pays less on its variable-rate debt obligations. When the Company's variable-rate debt obligations differ from its variable-rate lending assets, the Company may utilize derivative instruments to limit the impact of changing interest rates on its net income. The Company may also use derivative instruments to limit its exposure to changes in currency rates in respect of certain investments denominated in foreign currencies. The derivative instruments the Company uses are typically in the form of interest rate swaps, interest rate caps and foreign exchange contracts.
Investment Restrictions or Limitations
The Company does not have any prescribed allocation among investments or product lines. Instead, the Company focuses on corporate and real estate credit underwriting to develop an analysis of the risk/reward trade-offs in determining the pricing and advisability of each particular transaction.
The Company believes that it is not, and intends to conduct its operations so as not to become, regulated as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. The Company engages primarily in the non-investment company businesses of investing in, financing and developing real estate and real estate-related projects, generally through subsidiaries and affiliated companies, including SAFE. Subject to applicable limitations resulting from the Company's intentions to continue to qualify as a REIT and remain exempt from registration as an investment company, the Company may make additional investments in the securities of other REITs, other entities engaged in real estate activities or other issuers, including for the purpose of exercising control over such entities.
Competition
The Company operates in a competitive market. See Item 1a—Risk factors—"We compete with a variety of financing and leasing sources for our customers," for a discussion of how we may be affected by competition.
Regulation
The operations of the Company are subject, in certain instances, to supervision and regulation by state and federal governmental authorities and may be subject to various laws and judicial and administrative decisions imposing various requirements and restrictions, which, among other things: (1) regulate credit granting activities; (2) establish maximum interest rates, finance charges and other charges; (3) require disclosures to customers; (4) govern secured transactions; (5) set collection, foreclosure, repossession and claims-handling procedures and other trade practices; (6) govern privacy of customer information; and (7) regulate anti-terror and anti-money laundering activities. Although most states do not regulate commercial finance, certain states impose limitations on interest rates and other charges and on certain collection practices and creditor remedies, and require licensing of lenders and financiers and adequate disclosure of certain contract terms. The Company is also required to comply with certain provisions of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act that are applicable to commercial loans.
In the judgment of management, the Company's compliance with existing statutes and regulations, including environmental regulations, is not currently expected to have a material effect on the Company's capital expenditures, earnings and competitive position. It is not possible at this time to forecast the exact nature of any future legislation, regulations, judicial decisions, orders or interpretations, nor their impact upon the future capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position of the Company.
The Company has elected and expects to continue to qualify to be taxed as a REIT under Section 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). As a REIT, the Company must generally distribute at least 90% of its net taxable income, excluding capital gains, to its shareholders each year. In addition, the Company must distribute 100% of its net taxable income (including net capital gains) each year to eliminate U.S. corporate federal income taxes payable by it. REITs are also subject to a number of organizational and operational requirements in order to elect and maintain REIT qualification. These requirements include specific share ownership tests and asset and gross income tests. If the Company fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, the Company will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on its net taxable income at regular corporate tax rates. Even if the Company qualifies for taxation as a REIT, the Company may be subject to state and local taxes and to U.S. federal income tax and excise tax on its undistributed income.
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Code of Conduct
The Company has adopted a code of conduct that sets forth the principles of conduct and ethics to be followed by our directors, officers and employees (the "Code of Conduct"). The purpose of the Code of Conduct is to promote honest and ethical conduct, compliance with applicable governmental rules and regulations, full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in periodic reports, prompt internal reporting of violations of the Code of Conduct and a culture of honesty and accountability. A copy of the Code of Conduct has been provided to each of our directors, officers and employees, who are required to acknowledge that they have received and will comply with the Code of Conduct. A copy of the Company's Code of Conduct has been previously filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K as Exhibit 14.0. The Code of Conduct is also available on the Company's website at www.istar.com. The Company will disclose to shareholders material changes to its Code of Conduct, or any waivers for directors or executive officers, if any, within four business days of any such event. As of December 31, 2020, there have been no amendments to the Code of Conduct and the Company has not granted any waivers from any provision of the Code of Conduct to any directors or executive officers.
Employees and Human Capital Resources
Central to our business strategy is attracting, developing and retaining a talented, diverse and engaged workforce to drive our success. As of February 19, 2021, the Company had 143 employees. The Company believes it has good relationships with its employees. Substantially all of our employees are full time employees and they are not represented by any collective bargaining agreements.
As we have transitioned the focus of our business to growing our Ground Lease platform, we have sought to recruit new talent and provide training to existing employees to support our business strategy. In our recruiting efforts, we generally strive to have a diverse group of candidates to consider for roles. We have designed a compensation structure, including an array of benefits, that we believe is attractive to current and prospective personnel. We also offer our professionals the opportunity to participate in a variety of development programs, including discussions led by outside speakers on topics of interest and a learning management tool that enables employees and their managers to select courses that enhance professional development.

In fiscal 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on our human capital management. Substantially all of our workforce worked remotely throughout the initial several months of the pandemic, and we instituted safety protocols and procedures to enable certain employees to work on site in shifts later in the year.

We maintain a number of health and wellness programs to support the welfare of our people. These programs include an employee assistance program that offers confidential assessment, counseling and referral services at no cost to the employee. We seek to provide a safe workplace for our employees. In addition to the safety protocols that we instituted in response to the pandemic, we have established emergency procedures that address emergency health and safety situations.

We support the charitable endeavors of our employees with a program that matches the contributions made by them within limits that vary by position. We have engaged with, and made significant investments in, some of the communities where we do business in an effort to enhance the communities’ economic prospects and quality of life. For example, in connection with some of our development projects, we have partnered with a local construction company to create a workforce development, apprenticeship and internship program that offers residents the opportunity to learn valuable trade skills; launched a job training program for local residents interested in pursuing opportunities in the hospitality sector; and we setup and promote a seasonal farmers' market in one of our communities to support local businesses.
Additional Information
We maintain a website at www.istar.com. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this report, and our web address is included only as an inactive textual reference. In addition to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company files quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Through the Company's corporate website, www.istar.com, the Company makes available free of charge its annual proxy statement, annual reports to stockholders, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after the Company electronically files such material with, or furnishes it to, the SEC. These documents also may be accessed through the SEC's electronic data gathering, analysis and retrieval system via electronic means, including on the SEC's homepage, which can be found at www.sec.gov.
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Item 1a.    Risk Factors
In addition to the other information in this report, you should consider carefully the following risk factors in evaluating an investment in the Company's securities. Any of these risks or the occurrence of any one or more of the uncertainties described below could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness, ability to pay distributions and the market price of the Company's common stock. The risks set forth below speak only as of the date of this report and the Company disclaims any duty to update them except as required by law. For purposes of these risk factors, the terms "our Company," "we," "our" and "us" refer to iStar Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.
Risks Related to Our Business

Our business and the growth of SAFE were adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and could be adversely affected in the future by the pandemic or the outbreak of any other highly infectious or contagious diseases.

The COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected our business and SAFE's growth in 2020 and could adversely affect our business and SAFE's growth in the future. At this time, we cannot predict the full extent or duration of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and SAFE's growth prospects. COVID-19 or another pandemic could adversely affect us due to, among other factors:

closures of, or other operational issues at, one or more of our operating properties resulting from government or tenant action;
the impact of reduced economic activity on our tenants' and borrowers' businesses, financial condition and liquidity, which have resulted in certain of our tenants or borrowers not meeting their obligations to us in full or at all and may do so in the future;
the adverse impact of the pandemic on the entertainment/leisure and hotel sectors, which represent approximately 20.7% and 5.7%, respectively, of the gross book value of our investments as of December 31, 2020. We entered into two lease modifications with a material tenant in the entertainment sector in 2020, as described in Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements. There can be no assurance that tenant or borrower bankruptcies will not occur or that additional accommodations will not be made, in these and other sectors;
the adverse impact of the pandemic on SAFE's hotel Ground Leases, which accounted for approximately 15.2% of SAFE's total revenues in 2020, excluding percentage rent, which accounted for approximately 2.5% of SAFE's total revenues in 2020; we expect a material decline in percentage rent payable to SAFE in 2021 in respect of 2020 hotel operating performance;
the decline in real estate transaction activity and constrained credit conditions which adversely affected our strategies of monetizing legacy assets and scaling SAFE's portfolio as its Manager in 2020 and may continue to do so while these conditions persist;
the negative impact on our earnings from increased allowances against potential future losses and impairment charges and placing certain assets on accrual status;
deteriorations in our financial condition, if they were to cause us to be unable to satisfy financial covenants in our debt obligations, which could trigger a default and acceleration of outstanding borrowings;
the negative impacts on our operations if the health of a significant number of our employees were to be impacted by the pandemic;
difficulty accessing debt and equity capital on attractive terms, or at all, to fund business operations or address maturing liabilities; and
delays in the supply of products or services that are needed for our tenants' and borrowers' efficient operations.

We have made a significant commitment to the Ground Lease business. Our future success will depend in large part on our ability to execute our Ground Lease strategy, which is subject to risks.

In 2019, we announced that we would focus our business activities primarily on scaling SAFE's portfolio through our position as SAFE's largest stockholder and investment manager and by offering leasehold financing and equity to Ground Lease customers. We have made a significant investment in SAFE's common stock and have dedicated a significant majority of our personnel to working on growing the Ground Lease business. As of December 31, 2020, we own approximately 65.4% of SAFE's outstanding common stock. There is no assurance that we will be able to achieve our objectives for the Ground Lease business. Our Ground Lease strategy is subject to a number of risks, including the following:

the size of the market for Ground Leases may not meet our growth objectives because, among other reasons, potential tenants may prefer to own both the land and the improvements they intend to develop, rehabilitate or own; negative
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publicity about the experience of tenants with non-Safehold Ground Leases may discourage potential tenants; interest rate increases may adversely affect the availability and terms of leasehold financing which is critical to the growth of a robust Ground Lease market; the effects of the pandemic on commercial real estate trends, including the negative impacts of decreased travel on hotels and of work-from-home trends on urban office properties, which comprise a material portion of SAFE's portfolio;
as and when interest rates increase, there may be less activity generally in real estate transactions, including leasing, development and financing, and less financing available on attractive terms for SAFE to refinance its debt obligations or for potential tenants to finance their leasehold interests;
if SAFE suffers adverse business developments, the market value of our investment in SAFE will likely decline and may decline materially, the management fees we receive from SAFE may not grow as anticipated and/or SAFE may reduce its distributions to stockholders, including us;
there are potential conflicts of interests in our relationship with SAFE, as discussed further below under "There are various potential conflicts of interest in our relationship with SAFE, including our executive officers and/or directors who are also officers and/or directors of SAFE, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders;"
we have waived or elected not to seek reimbursement in full for certain expenses that we have incurred on SAFE's behalf while it is in its growth stage, and will likely continue to do so while we foster SAFE's growth; and
if we terminate our management agreement with SAFE for convenience, we will be prohibited from competing with SAFE for one year after such termination.

SAFE is a public company that files separately with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). In its filings with the SEC, SAFE provides disclosure as to its business, including disclosure regarding its views as to the drivers of its financial performance and the risks it faces. SAFE's SEC filings also include certifications and disclosure regarding internal controls over financial reporting and disclosure controls.

We are subject to risks relating to our concentrations in certain asset types, geographies and sectors.

Our portfolio consists primarily of real estate, commercial real estate loans and our investment in SAFE. Refer to "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis - Portfolio Overview" for a breakdown of our asset concentrations by property type and geographic location. In addition, our largest tenant, representing a net lease tenant in the entertainment/leisure sector, constituted 11.6% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020. Through our investment in SAFE, we are also exposed to asset concentrations in SAFE's portfolio. For the year ended December 31, 2020, 17.7% of SAFE's total revenues came from hotel properties and one of SAFE's tenants, under an office property Ground Lease in Washington, DC, represented more than 10% of its revenues for the year. Many property types were adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the previous economic recession and we may suffer additional losses on our assets due to these concentrations during periods of economic distress that affect these concentrations.

There are various potential conflicts of interest in our relationship with SAFE, including our executive officers and/or directors who are also officers and/or directors of SAFE, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interest of our stockholders.

There are various potential conflicts of interest in our relationship with SAFE, including our executive officers and/or directors who are also directors or officers of SAFE. Conflicts may include, without limitation: conflicts arising from the enforcement of agreements between us and SAFE; conflicts in the amount of time that our officers and employees will spend on SAFE's affairs vs. our other affairs; conflicts in determining whether to seek reimbursement from SAFE of certain expenses we incur on its behalf; conflicts in transactions that we pursue with SAFE; conflicts between the interests of our stockholders and members of our management who hold SAFE common stock and other equity interests in SAFE such as grants of interests in a subsidiary of SAFE's operating partnership (called CARET units) that will entitle them to participate in distributions arising from certain sales and financings of SAFE's Ground Leases; and conflicts in allocating investments to, and managing, a potential investment fund in which we and SAFE would invest, as discussed further below. Transactions between iStar and SAFE are subject to certain approvals of our independent directors; however, there can be no assurance that such approval will be successful in achieving terms and conditions as favorable to us as would be available from a third party.

Two directors of iStar also serve on SAFE's board of directors, including Jay Sugarman, who is the chief executive officer of SAFE and our chief executive officer. Our directors and executive officers have duties to our company under applicable Maryland law, and our executive officers and our directors who are also directors or officers of SAFE have duties to SAFE under applicable Maryland law. Those duties may come in conflict from time to time. We have duties as the manager of SAFE which may come in conflict with our duties to our stockholders from time to time. In addition, conflicts of interest may
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exist or could arise in the future with our duties to Net Lease Venture II and our duties to SAFE as its manager in connection with future investment opportunities.

We are considering the formation of an investment fund in which we and SAFE would invest which would target the origination and acquisition of Ground Leases for commercial real estate projects that are in a pre-development phase, unlike the later stage development Ground Leases that fit SAFE's investment criteria. We may face conflicts of interest in fulfilling our duties to our stockholder, to SAFE as its manager and to the fund as its general partner and manager. We would be responsible for identifying and appropriately allocating investments between the fund and SAFE. In addition, iStar would be involved in establishing the price and the conditions of any future potential purchases of assets by SAFE from any such fund. The fund's fee structure could potentially be more favorable to us than the management fees we receive from SAFE. If we fail to deal appropriately with these and other conflicts, our business could be adversely affected.

Transactions between iStar and SAFE were negotiated between related parties and their terms may not be as favorable to us as if they had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.

Transactions between iStar and SAFE were negotiated between related parties and their terms may not be as favorable to us as if they had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party. In addition, we may choose not to enforce, or to enforce less vigorously, our rights under agreements with SAFE because of our desire to maintain our ongoing relationship with SAFE. See Note 8 to our financial statements for a discussion of related party transactions between SAFE and us in 2020.

Our voting power in SAFE is subject to limitations, and joint venture and other investments we hold or may make in the future may not provide us with full control.

Although we own approximately 65.4% of the outstanding common stock of SAFE as of December 31, 2020, we are party to a stockholder's agreement with SAFE that generally limits the discretionary voting power of our shares to 41.9% and requires that we vote shares in excess of that amount in proportion to the votes of SAFE's other stockholders on matters presented for approval. As a result of such limitations, actions may be approved by SAFE's board and stockholders with which we do not agree. We have a joint venture partner in our Net Lease Ventures and we hold equity investments in certain funds and limited partnerships managed by third parties. These and other investments we may make in the future present risks that we may have differing objectives than our partners or the managers, board of directors, shareholders or other members in such investments, that we may become involved in disputes with them and that we may compete with such entities. In addition, we rely on the internal controls and financial reporting controls of these entities and their failure to maintain effectiveness or comply with applicable standards may adversely affect us.

Although the businesses in which we have invested generally have a significant real estate component, some of them may operate in businesses that are different from our primary or historical business segments. Consequently, investments in these businesses, among other risks, subject us to the operating and financial risks of new business lines or industries other than real estate and to the risk that we do not have sole control over the operations of these businesses.

We have acquired, and may in the future acquire, commercial properties with the intent to sell the land to SAFE and to sell or lease the leasehold interest to a third party. If we are unable to sell or lease the leasehold interest, we will be exposed to the risks of ownership of operating properties.

We have acquired, and may in the future acquire, commercial properties with the intent to separate the property into an ownership interest in land that is sold to SAFE and an interest in the buildings and improvements thereon that is sold or leased to a third party. There may be instances where we are unable to find a purchaser or lessee for the improvements, in which case we will be subject to the risks of owning operating properties.

The ownership and operation of commercial properties will expose us to risks, including, without limitation:
adverse changes in international, regional or local economic and demographic conditions;
tenant vacancies and market pressures to offer tenant incentives to sign or renew leases;
adverse changes in the financial position or liquidity of tenants;
the inability to collect rent from tenants;
tenant bankruptcies;
higher costs resulting from capital expenditures and property operating expenses;
civil disturbances, hurricanes and other natural disasters, or terrorist acts or acts of war, which may result in uninsured or underinsured losses;
liabilities under environmental laws;
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risks of loss from casualty or condemnation;
changes in, and changes in enforcement of, laws, regulations and governmental policies, including, without limitation, health, safety, environmental, zoning and tax laws; and
the other risks described under "We are subject to additional risks associated with owning and developing property."

Upon taking ownership of a commercial property, we may be required to contribute ownership of the land to a taxable REIT subsidiary ("TRS"), which would subsequently seek to sell the land to SAFE and lease or sell a leasehold interest in such commercial property to a third party. Any gain from the sale of land would be subject to corporate income tax.

We have recognized losses when a borrower defaults on a loan and the underlying collateral value is not sufficient, and we may recognize additional losses in the future.

We have recognized losses arising from borrower defaults on our loan assets and we may recognize additional losses in the future. In the event of a default by a borrower on a non-recourse loan, we will only have recourse to the real estate-related assets collateralizing the loan. If the underlying collateral value is less than the loan amount, we will suffer a loss. Conversely, we sometimes make loans that are unsecured or are secured only by equity interests in the borrowing entities. These loans are subject to the risk that other lenders may be directly secured by the real estate assets of the borrower. In the event of a default, those collateralized lenders would have priority over us with respect to the proceeds of a sale of the underlying real estate. In cases described above, we may lack control over the underlying asset collateralizing our loan or the underlying assets of the borrower prior to a default, and as a result the value of the collateral may be reduced by acts or omissions by owners or managers of the assets.

We sometimes obtain individual or corporate guarantees from borrowers or their affiliates. In cases where guarantees are not fully or partially secured, we typically rely on financial covenants from borrowers and guarantors which are designed to require the borrower or guarantor to maintain certain levels of creditworthiness. Where we do not have recourse to specific collateral pledged to satisfy such guarantees or recourse loans, or where the value of the collateral proves insufficient, we will only have recourse as an unsecured creditor to the general assets of the borrower or guarantor, some or all of which may be pledged to satisfy other lenders. There can be no assurance that a borrower or guarantor will comply with its financial covenants, or that sufficient assets will be available to pay amounts owed to us under our loans and guarantees. As a result of these factors, we may suffer additional losses which could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance, liquidity and the market price of our common stock.

In the event of a borrower bankruptcy, we may not have full recourse to the assets of the borrower in order to satisfy our loan. In addition, certain of our loans are subordinate to other debts of the borrower. If a borrower defaults on our loan or on debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt receives payment. Where debt senior to our loan exists, the presence of intercreditor arrangements may limit our ability to amend our loan documents, assign our loans, accept prepayments, exercise our remedies (through "standstill" periods) and control decisions made in bankruptcy proceedings relating to borrowers. Bankruptcy and borrower litigation can significantly increase collection costs and losses and the time necessary to acquire title to the underlying collateral, during which time the collateral may decline in value, causing us to suffer additional losses.

If the value of collateral underlying our loan declines or interest rates increase during the term of our loan, a borrower may not be able to obtain the necessary funds to repay our loan at maturity through refinancing. Decreasing collateral value and/or increasing interest rates may hinder a borrower's ability to refinance our loan because the underlying property cannot satisfy the debt service coverage requirements necessary to obtain new financing. If a borrower is unable to repay our loan at maturity, we could suffer additional loss which may adversely impact our financial performance.

We are subject to additional risks associated with loan participations.

Some of our loans are participation interests or co-lender arrangements in which we share the rights, obligations and benefits of the loan with other lenders. We may need the consent of these parties to exercise our rights under such loans, including rights with respect to amendment of loan documentation, enforcement proceedings in the event of default and the institution of, and control over, foreclosure proceedings. Similarly, a majority of the participants may be able to take actions to which we object but to which we will be bound if our participation interest represents a minority interest. We may be adversely affected by this lack of full control.

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We are subject to additional risk associated with owning and developing real estate.

As of December 31, 2020, we own approximately $430.7 million of land and development assets and $197.6 million of operating properties, based on net carrying values. These assets expose us to additional risks, including, without limitation:

We must incur costs to carry these assets and in some cases make repairs to defects in construction, make improvements to, or complete the assets, which requires additional liquidity and results in additional expenses that could exceed our original estimates and impact our operating results.
Real estate projects are not liquid and, to the extent we need to raise liquidity through asset sales, we may be limited in our ability to sell these assets in a short-time frame.
Uncertainty associated with economic conditions, rezoning, obtaining governmental permits and approvals, concerns of community associations, reliance on third party contractors, increasing commodity costs and threatened or pending litigation may materially delay our completion of rehabilitation and development activities and materially increase their cost to us.
The values of our real estate investments are subject to a number of factors outside of our control, including changes in the general economic climate, changes in interest rates and the availability of attractive financing, over-building or decreasing demand in the markets where we own assets, and changes in law and governmental regulations.

The residential market has previously experienced significant downturns that could recur and adversely affect us.

As of December 31, 2020, we owned land and residential condominiums with a net carrying value of $435.9 million. The housing market in the United States has previously been affected by weakness in the economy, high unemployment levels and low consumer confidence. It is possible another downturn could occur again in the near future and adversely impact our portfolio, and accordingly our financial performance. In addition, rising interest rates tend to negatively impact the residential mortgage market, which in turn may adversely affect the value of and demand for our land assets including our residential development projects.

We may experience losses if the creditworthiness of our tenants deteriorates and they are unable to meet their lease obligations.

We own properties leased to tenants of our real estate assets and receive rents from tenants during the contracted term of such leases. We underwrite the credit of prospective borrowers and tenants and often require them to provide some form of credit support such as corporate guarantees, letters of credit and/or cash security deposits. Although our loans and real estate assets are geographically diverse and the borrowers and tenants operate in a variety of industries, to the extent we have a significant concentration of interest or operating lease revenues from any single borrower or customer, the inability of that borrower or tenant to make its payment could have a material adverse effect on us. For the year ended December 31, 2020, our five largest borrowers or tenants of net lease assets collectively accounted for approximately 21.4% of our revenues, of which our largest customer accounted for approximately 11.6%. A tenant's ability to pay rent is determined by its creditworthiness, among other factors. If a tenant's credit deteriorates, the tenant may default on its obligations under our lease and may also become bankrupt. The bankruptcy or insolvency of our tenants or other failure to pay is likely to adversely affect the income produced by our real estate assets. If a tenant defaults, we may experience delays and incur substantial costs in enforcing our rights as landlord. If a tenant files for bankruptcy, we may not be able to evict the tenant solely because of such bankruptcy or failure to pay. A court, however, may authorize a tenant to reject and terminate its lease with us. In such a case, our claim against the tenant for unpaid, future rent would be subject to a statutory cap that might be substantially less than the remaining rent owed under the lease. In addition, certain amounts paid to us within 90 days prior to the tenant's bankruptcy filing could be required to be returned to the tenant's bankruptcy estate. In any event, it is highly unlikely that a bankrupt or insolvent tenant would pay in full amounts it owes us under a lease that it intends to reject. In other circumstances, where a tenant's financial condition has become impaired, we may agree to partially or wholly terminate the lease in advance of the termination date in consideration for a lease termination fee that is likely less than the total contractual rental amount. Without regard to the manner in which the lease termination occurs, we are likely to incur additional costs in the form of tenant improvements and leasing commissions in our efforts to lease the space to a new tenant. In any of the foregoing circumstances, our financial performance could be materially adversely affected.

Lease expirations, lease defaults and lease terminations may adversely affect our revenue.

Lease expirations and lease terminations may result in reduced revenues if the lease payments received from replacement tenants are less than the lease payments received from the expiring or terminating corporate tenants. In addition, lease defaults or lease terminations by one or more significant tenants or the failure of tenants under expiring leases to elect to renew their leases could cause us to experience long periods of vacancy with no revenue from a facility and to incur substantial capital
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expenditures and/or lease concessions in order to obtain replacement tenants. Leases representing approximately 16.7% of our annualized in-place operating lease income and interest income from sales-type leases are scheduled to expire during the next five years.

We and SAFE compete with a variety of financing and leasing sources for our customers.

The financial services industry and commercial real estate markets are highly competitive and have become more competitive in recent years. Our competitors include finance companies, other REITs, commercial banks and thrift institutions, investment banks and hedge funds, among others. SAFE's competitors include those same entities, as well as private individuals and pension funds. These competitors may seek to compete aggressively with us or SAFE on a number of factors including transaction pricing, terms and structure. We and SAFE may have difficulty competing to the extent we are unwilling to match the competitors' deal terms in order to maintain our or SAFE's profit margins and/or credit standards. To the extent that we match competitors' pricing, terms or structure, we or SAFE may experience decreased interest margins and/or increased risk of credit losses, which could have a material adverse effect on our or SAFE's financial performance, liquidity and the market price of our common stock.

We face significant competition within our net leasing business from other owners, operators and developers of properties, many of which own properties similar to ours in markets where we operate. Such competition may affect our ability to attract and retain tenants and reduce the rents we are able to charge. These competing properties may have vacancy rates higher than our properties, which may result in their owners offering lower rental rates than we would or providing greater tenant improvement allowances or other leasing concessions. This combination of circumstances could adversely affect our revenues and financial performance.

We are subject to certain risks associated with investing in real estate, including potential liabilities under environmental laws and risks of loss from weather conditions, man-made or natural disasters, climate change and terrorism.

Under various U.S. federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, a current or previous owner of real estate (including, in certain circumstances, a secured lender that succeeds to ownership or control of a property) may become liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances at, on, under or in its property. Those laws typically impose cleanup responsibility and liability without regard to whether the owner or control party knew of or was responsible for the release or presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. The costs of investigation, remediation or removal of those substances may be substantial. The owner or control party of a site may be subject to common law claims by third parties based on damages and costs resulting from environmental contamination emanating from a site. Certain environmental laws also impose liability in connection with the handling of or exposure to asbestos-containing materials, pursuant to which third parties may seek recovery from owners of real properties for personal injuries associated with asbestos-containing materials. While a secured lender is not likely to be subject to these forms of environmental liability, when we foreclose on real property, we become an owner and are subject to the risks of environmental liability. Additionally, our net lease assets and SAFE's Ground Leases generally require the tenants to undertake the obligation for environmental compliance and indemnify us and SAFE from liability with respect thereto. There can be no assurance that the tenants will have sufficient resources to satisfy their obligations to us.

Weather conditions and man-made or natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, floods, droughts, fires and other environmental conditions can damage properties we own. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 17.2% of the carrying value of our assets was located in the western United States, geographic areas at higher risk for earthquakes. Additionally, we own properties located near the coastline and the value of our properties will potentially be subject to the risks associated with long-term effects of climate change. A significant number of our properties are located in major urban areas which, in recent years, have been high risk geographical areas for terrorism and threats of terrorism. Certain forms of terrorism including, but not limited to, nuclear, biological and chemical terrorism, political risks, environmental hazards and/or Acts of God may be deemed to fall completely outside the general coverage limits of our insurance policies or may be uninsurable or cost prohibitive to justify insuring against. Furthermore, if the U.S. Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act is repealed or not extended or renewed upon its expiration, the cost for terrorism insurance coverage may increase and/or the terms, conditions, exclusions, retentions, limits and sublimits of such insurance may be materially amended, and may effectively decrease the scope and availability of such insurance to the point where it is effectively unavailable. Future weather conditions, man-made or natural disasters, effects of climate change or acts of terrorism could adversely impact the demand for, and value of, our assets and could also directly impact the value of our assets through damage, destruction or loss, and could thereafter materially impact the availability or cost of insurance to protect against these events. Although we believe our owned real estate and the properties collateralizing our loan assets are adequately covered by insurance, we cannot predict at this time if we or our borrowers will be able to obtain appropriate coverage at a reasonable cost in the future, or if we will be able to continue to pass along all of the costs of insurance to our tenants. The foregoing risks also apply generally to SAFE's properties
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and the buildings thereon owned by SAFE's tenants. Any weather conditions, man-made or natural disasters, terrorist attack or effect of climate change, whether or not insured, could have a material adverse effect on our or SAFE's financial performance, liquidity and the market price of our or SAFE's common stock. In addition, there is a risk that one or more of our property insurers may not be able to fulfill their obligations with respect to claims payments due to a deterioration in its financial condition.

Declines in the market values of our equity investments that are not publicly traded may adversely affect periodic reported results.

Certain of our equity investments other than SAFE, are in funds or companies that are not publicly traded and their fair value may not be readily determinable. As of December 31, 2020, the aggregate carrying value of such investments represented 4.9% of our assets. We may periodically estimate the fair value of these investments, based upon available information and management's judgment. Because such valuations are inherently uncertain, they may fluctuate over short periods of time. In addition, our determinations regarding the fair value of these investments may be materially higher than the values that we ultimately realize upon their disposal, which could result in losses that have a material adverse effect on our financial performance, the market price of our common stock and our ability to pay dividends.

Our ability to retain and attract key personnel is critical to our success.

Our success depends on our ability to retain our senior management and the other key members of our management team and recruit additional qualified personnel. We rely in part on equity compensation to retain and incentivize our personnel. In addition, if members of our management join competitors or form competing companies, the competition could have a material adverse effect on our business or SAFE's business. Efforts to retain or attract professionals may result in additional compensation expense, which could affect our financial performance.

Security breaches and other disruptions could compromise our information and expose us to liability, which would cause our business and reputation to suffer.

In the ordinary course of our business, we collect and store sensitive data, including intellectual property, our proprietary business information and that of our customers, and personally identifiable information of our customers and employees, in our data centers and on our networks. The secure processing, maintenance and transmission of this information is critical to our operations and business strategy. Despite our security measures, our information technology and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions. Any such breach could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen. Any such access, disclosure or other loss of information could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability under laws that protect the privacy of personal information, disrupt our operations and the services we provide to customers, and damage our reputation, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Financing Risks

Our credit ratings will impact our borrowing costs.

Our borrowing costs and our access to the debt capital markets depend significantly on our credit ratings. Our unsecured corporate credit ratings from major national credit rating agencies are currently below investment grade. Having below investment grade credit ratings makes our borrowing costs higher than they would be with an investment grade rating and makes restrictive covenants in our public unsecured debt securities operative. These restrictive covenants are described below in "Covenants in our indebtedness could limit our flexibility and adversely affect our financial condition."

Covenants in our indebtedness could limit our flexibility and adversely affect our financial condition.

Our outstanding unsecured debt securities contain corporate level covenants that include a covenant to maintain a ratio of unencumbered assets to unsecured indebtedness of at least 1.2x and a restriction on debt incurrence based upon the effect of the debt incurrence on our fixed charge coverage ratio, subject to certain permitted debt baskets. If any of our covenants are breached and not cured within applicable cure periods, the breach could result in acceleration of our debt securities unless a waiver or modification is agreed upon with the requisite percentage of the bondholders. Limitations on our ability to incur new indebtedness under the fixed charge coverage ratio may limit the amount of new investments we make.

Our revolving credit facility with a maximum capacity of $350.0 million (our "Revolving Credit Facility") and our $650.0 million senior term loan (our "Senior Term Loan") contain certain covenants, including covenants relating to collateral
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coverage, restrictions on fundamental changes, transactions with affiliates, matters relating to the liens granted to the lenders and the delivery of information to the lenders. In particular, our Senior Term Loan requires the Company to maintain collateral coverage of at least 1.25x outstanding borrowings on the facility and our Revolving Credit Facility requires us to maintain both collateral coverage of at least 1.5x outstanding borrowings on the facility and a consolidated ratio of cash flow to fixed charges of at least 1.5x. We may not pay common dividends if the Company is in default under the Senior Term Loan or the Revolving Credit Facility or would fail to comply with the covenants in such agreements after giving effect to the dividend.

Our Senior Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility contain cross default provisions that would allow the lenders to declare an event of default and accelerate our indebtedness to them if we fail to pay amounts due in respect of our other recourse indebtedness in excess of specified thresholds or if the lenders under such other indebtedness are otherwise permitted to accelerate such indebtedness for any reason. The indentures governing our unsecured public debt securities permit the bondholders to declare an event of default and accelerate our indebtedness to them if our other recourse indebtedness in excess of specified thresholds is not paid at final maturity or if such indebtedness is accelerated. The covenants described above could limit our flexibility and make it more difficult and/or expensive to refinance our existing indebtedness. A default by us on our indebtedness would have a material adverse effect on our business, liquidity and the market price of our common stock.

We have significant indebtedness and funding commitments and limitations on our liquidity and ability to raise capital may adversely affect us.

Sufficient liquidity is critical to our ability to grow and to meet our scheduled debt payments, make additional investments in SAFE, pay distributions and satisfy funding commitments to borrowers. We have relied on proceeds from the issuance of unsecured debt, secured borrowings, repayments from our loan assets and proceeds from asset sales to fund our operations and other activities, and we expect to continue to rely primarily on these sources of liquidity for the foreseeable future. Our ability to access capital in 2021 and beyond will be subject to a number of factors, many of which are outside of our control, such as general economic conditions, changes in interest rates and conditions prevailing in the credit and real estate markets. There can be no assurance that we will have access to liquidity when needed or on terms that are acceptable to us. We may also encounter difficulty in selling assets or executing capital raising strategies on acceptable terms in a timely manner, which could impact our ability to make scheduled repayments on our outstanding debt. Failure to repay or refinance our borrowings as they come due would be an event of default under the relevant debt instruments, which could result in a cross default and acceleration of our other outstanding debt obligations. Failure to meet funding commitments could cause us to be in default of our financing commitments to borrowers. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, liquidity and the market price of our common stock.

We utilize derivative instruments to hedge risk, which may adversely affect our borrowing cost and expose us to other risks.

The derivative instruments we use are typically in the form of interest rate swaps, interest rate caps and foreign exchange contracts. Our use of derivative instruments involves the risk that a counterparty to a hedging arrangement could default on its obligation and the risk that we may have to pay certain costs, such as transaction fees or breakage costs, if a hedging arrangement is terminated by us. Developing an effective strategy for dealing with movements in interest rates and foreign currencies is complex and no strategy can completely insulate us from risks associated with such fluctuations. There can be no assurance that any hedging activities will have the desired beneficial impact on our results of operations or financial condition.

Significant increases in interest rates could have an adverse effect on our operating results.

Our operating results depend in part on the difference between the interest and related income earned on our assets and the interest expense incurred in connection with our interest bearing liabilities. Changes in the general level of interest rates prevailing in the financial markets will affect the spread between our interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities subject to the impact of interest rate floors and caps, as well as the amounts of floating rate assets and liabilities. Any significant compression of the spreads between interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities could have a material adverse effect on us. While interest rates remain low by historical standards, rates are generally expected to rise in the coming years, although there is no certainty as to the amount by which they may rise. In the event of a significant rising interest rate environment, rates could exceed the interest rate floors that exist on certain of our floating rate debt and create a mismatch between our floating rate loans and our floating rate debt that could have a significant adverse effect on our operating results. An increase in interest rates could also, among other things, reduce the value of our fixed-rate interest bearing assets and our ability to realize gains from the sale of such assets. In addition, rising interest rates may adversely affect the value of our investment in SAFE. Rising interest rates also tend to negatively impact the residential mortgage market, which in turn may adversely affect the value of and demand for our land assets, including our residential development projects. Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary and tax policies, domestic and international economic and political conditions, and other factors beyond our control.
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