As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 7, 2023.
Registration No. 333-
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
SaverOne 2014 Ltd.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
(Translation of Registrant’s Name into English)
|State of Israel||7371||Not Applicable|
or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
Classification Code Number)
SaverOne 2014 Ltd.
Em Hamoshavot Rd. 94
Petah Tikvah, Israel
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)
850 Library Avenue, Suite 204
Newark, Delaware 19711
(302) 738-7210 (facsimile)
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)
Gary Emmanuel, Esq.
Greenberg Traurig, P.A.
One Azrieli Center
Round Tower, 30th floor
Menachem Begin Rd
Giora Gutman, Esq.
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to YA: As soon as practicable after effectiveness of this registration statement.
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. ☒
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933.
Emerging growth company ☒
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐
The Registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
The information contained in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
|PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS||SUBJECT TO COMPLETION||DATED JUNE 7, 2023|
Up to 5,000,000 American Depositary Shares Representing 25,000,000 Ordinary Shares
SaverOne 2014 Ltd.
This prospectus relates to the offer and sale of up to 5,000,000 of our American Depositary Shares, or ADSs, by YA II PN, LTD., or YA or the Selling Shareholder, a Cayman Islands exempt limited partnership. Each ADS represents five of our ordinary shares, NIS 0.01 par value. Our ADSs will be evidenced by American Depositary Receipts, or ADRs.
The ordinary shares represented by ADSs being offered by the Selling Shareholder are to be issued pursuant to the Standby Equity Purchase Agreement dated June 5, 2023 that we entered into with YA, or the Purchase Agreement. We are not selling any securities under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of our ADSs by the Selling Shareholder. However, we may receive up to $10.0 million in aggregate gross proceeds from sales of our ordinary shares represented by ADSs to YA that we may make under the Purchase Agreement, from time to time during the 48 months following the execution of the Purchase Agreement, or the Advance Shares. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we agreed to issue 340,760 ordinary shares represented by 68,152 ADSs to YA as consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase our ADSs under the Purchase Agreement, or the Commitment Shares. The additional 24,659,240 ordinary shares represented by 4,931,848 ADSs representing Advance Shares, that may be offered pursuant to this prospectus would be purchased by YA from time to time pursuant to the Purchase Agreement at a price equal to 95% of the lowest of the three daily volume weighted average prices, or VWAPs, during a pricing period as set forth in the Purchase Agreement and would be subject to certain limitations.
See the sections titled “The YA Transaction” for a description of the transaction contemplated by the Purchase Agreement and “Selling Shareholder” for additional information regarding YA.
The Selling Shareholder may sell the ADSs included in this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. We provide more information about how the Selling Shareholder may sell the shares in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.” The Selling Shareholder is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Securities Act.
The Selling Shareholder will pay all brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses in connection with the offer and sale of the shares by the Selling Shareholder pursuant to this prospectus. We will pay the expenses (except brokerage fees and commissions and similar expenses) incurred in registering under the Securities Act the offer and sale of the shares included in this prospectus by the Selling Shareholder. See “Plan of Distribution.”
Our ordinary shares are listed on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange Ltd., or the TASE, under the symbol “SVRE.” The last reported sale price of our ordinary shares on the TASE on June 6, 2023 was NIS 1.077, or $0.29, per share (based on the exchange rate reported by the Bank of Israel on that date, which was NIS 3.7150 = $1.00).
Our ADSs are listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market, or Nasdaq, under the symbol “SVRE. The last reported sale price of our ADSs on Nasdaq on June 6, 2023 was $1.365 per ADS.
We are both an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act, and, a “foreign private issuer,” as defined under the U.S. federal securities laws, and as such, are eligible for reduced public company reporting requirements. See “Prospectus Summary—Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company and a Foreign Private Issuer” for additional information.
Investing in our ADSs involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 8 of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our ADSs.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Israel Securities Authority nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is , 2023
Table of Contents
|Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements||10|
|The YA Transaction||11|
|Use Of Proceeds||14|
|Description of Share Capital||17|
|Description of American Depositary Shares||21|
|Plan of Distribution||29|
|Enforceability of Civil Liabilities||30|
|Where You Can Find Additional Information||31|
|Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference||32|
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form F-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. The Selling Shareholder may, from time to time, sell the securities described in this prospectus.
The Selling Shareholder may resell, from time to time, in one or more offerings, the ADSs offered by this prospectus. Information about the Selling Shareholder may change over time.
You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus. We have not, and the Selling Shareholder has not, authorized anyone to provide you with different or additional information from that contained in this prospectus, any amendment or supplement to this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any information that others may give. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor the sale of our ADSs means that information contained in this prospectus is correct after the date of this prospectus.
This prospectus is an offer to sell only our ADSs offered hereby, but only under circumstances and in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. The Selling Shareholder is not making an offer to sell our ADSs in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted or where the person making the offer or sale is not qualified to do so or to any person to whom it is not permitted to make such offer or sale.
Persons who come into possession of this prospectus and any applicable free writing prospectus in jurisdictions outside the United States are required to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions as to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus and any such free writing prospectus applicable to that jurisdiction.
For investors outside of the United States: Neither we nor the Selling Shareholder has done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. You are required to inform yourselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus.
We are incorporated under Israeli law and under the rules of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, we are currently eligible for treatment as a “foreign private issuer.” As a foreign private issuer, we will not be required to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as domestic registrants whose securities are registered under the Securities Exchange Act.
We were incorporated in Israel on November 16, 2014 under the name Saverone 2014 Ltd.
For purposes of this Registration Statement on Form F-1, “Company”, “SaverOne”, “we” or “our” refers to SaverOne 2014 Ltd. thereafter unless otherwise required by the context.
INDUSTRY AND MARKET DATA
This prospectus includes statistical, market and industry data and forecasts which we obtained from publicly available information and independent industry publications and reports that we believe to be reliable sources. These publicly available industry publications and reports generally state that they obtain their information from sources that they believe to be reliable, but they do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information. Although we are responsible for all of the disclosures contained in this prospectus, including such statistical, market and industry data, we have not independently verified any of the data from third-party sources, nor have we ascertained the underlying economic assumptions relied upon therein. In addition, while we believe the market opportunity information included in this prospectus is generally reliable and is based on reasonable assumptions, such data involves risks and uncertainties, including those discussed under the heading “Risk Factors.”
PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The term “NIS” refers to New Israeli Shekels, the lawful currency of the State of Israel and the terms “dollar” or “$” refer to U.S. dollars, the lawful currency of the United States. We prepare our financial statements in NIS. This prospectus contains conversions of NIS amounts into U.S. dollars at specific rates solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise noted, for the purposes of the presentation of financial data, all conversions from NIS to U.S. dollars and from U.S. dollars to NIS were made at the rate of NIS 3.5190 to $1.00, based on the representative exchange rate reported by the Bank of Israel on December 31, 2022. The dollar amounts presented in this prospectus should not be construed as representing amounts that are receivable or payable in dollars or convertible into dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
We report under International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or IASB. None of the financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP.
Certain figures included in this prospectus have been subject to rounding adjustments. Accordingly, figures shown as totals in certain tables may not be an arithmetic aggregation of the figures that precede them.
TRADEMARKS AND TRADENAMES
We own or have rights to trademarks, service marks and trade names that we use in connection with the operation of our business, including our corporate name, logos and website names. Other trademarks, service marks and trade names appearing in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners. Solely for convenience, some of the trademarks, service marks and trade names referred to in this prospectus are listed without the ® and ™ symbols, but we will assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights to our trademarks, service marks and trade names.
Investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described in our 2022 Annual Report which are incorporated by reference herein, as well as the financial or other information included in this prospectus or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, including our financial statements and related notes, before you decide to purchase our securities. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely impacted. In that event, the trading price of our securities would likely decline and you might lose all or part of your investment.
Risks Related to the Offering
It is not possible to predict the actual number of shares we will sell under the Purchase Agreement to the Selling Shareholder, or the actual gross proceeds resulting from those sales.
On June 5, 2023, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with YA, pursuant to which YA has committed to purchase up to $10.0 million in ordinary shares represented by ADSs, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. The ADSs that may be issued under the Purchase Agreement may be sold by us to YA at our discretion from time to time during the Commitment Period.
We generally have the right to control the timing and amount of any sales of our ADSs to YA under the Purchase Agreement. Sales of our ADSs, if any, to YA under the Purchase Agreement will depend upon market conditions and other factors. We may ultimately decide to sell to YA all, some or none of the ADSs that may be available for us to sell to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.
Because the purchase price per share to be paid by YA for the ADSs that we may elect to sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement, if any, will fluctuate based on the market prices of our ADSs during the applicable Pricing Period for each purchase made pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, if any, it is not possible for us to predict, as of the date of this prospectus and prior to any such sales, the number of ADSs that we will sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement, the purchase price per share that YA will pay for shares purchased from us under the Purchase Agreement, or the aggregate gross proceeds that we will receive from those purchases by YA under the Purchase Agreement, if any.
Limitations in the Purchase Agreement, including the Ownership Limitation, and our ability to meet the conditions necessary to deliver an Advance Notice, could prevent us from being able to raise funds up to the Commitment Amount.
Moreover, although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to an aggregate of $10.0 million of our ADSs to YA, only 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs are being registered for resale by YA under the registration statement that includes this prospectus, consisting of (i) the Commitment Shares that we agreed to issue to YA upon execution of the Purchase Agreement as consideration for its commitment to purchase our ADSs under the Purchase Agreement, and (ii) the Advance Shares that we may elect to sell to YA, in our sole discretion, from time to time from during the Commitment Period, subject to the restrictions and satisfaction of the conditions in the Purchase Agreement, through sales under the Purchase Agreement. Even if we elect to sell to YA all of the shares being registered for resale under this prospectus, depending on the market prices of our ADSs at the time of such sales, the actual gross proceeds from the sale of all such shares may be substantially less than the $10.0 million Commitment Amount under the Purchase Agreement, which could materially adversely affect our liquidity.
If we desire to issue and sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement more than the a number of ADSs in excess of the YA Shares being registered for resale under this prospectus, and the Ownership Limitation and other limitations in the Purchase Agreement would allow us to do so, we would need to file with the SEC one or more additional registration statements to register under the Securities Act the resale by YA of any such additional ADSs and the SEC would have to declare such registration statement or statements effective before we could sell additional ADSs.
Any issuance and sale by us under the Purchase Agreement of a substantial amount of ADSs in addition to the ADSs being registered for resale by YA under this prospectus could cause additional substantial dilution to our shareholders. The number of our ADSs ultimately offered for sale by YA is dependent upon the ADSs, if any, we ultimately sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement.
The resale by YA of a significant amount of shares registered for resale in this offering at any given time, or the perception that these sales may occur, could cause the market price of our ADSs to decline and to be highly volatile.
Investors who buy shares at different times will likely pay different prices.
Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we will have discretion, subject to market demand, to vary the timing, prices, and numbers of shares sold to YA. If and when we do elect to sell ADSs to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, YA may resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion and at different prices. As a result, investors who purchase shares from YA in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices for those shares, and so may experience different levels of dilution and in some cases substantial dilution and different outcomes in their investment results. Investors may experience a decline in the value of the shares they purchase from YA in this offering as a result of future sales made by us to YA at prices lower than the prices such investors paid for their shares in this offering.
We may require additional financing to sustain our operations and without it we will not be able to continue operations.
The extent to which we rely on YA as a source of funding will depend on a number of factors, including the prevailing market price of our ADSs, our ability to meet the conditions necessary to deliver Advance Notices under the Purchase Agreement, the impacts of the Ownership Limitation and the extent to which we are able to secure funding from other sources. Regardless of the amount of funds we ultimately raise under the Purchase Agreement, if any, we expect to continue to seek other sources of funding. Even if we were to sell to YA the total Commitment Amount under the Purchase Agreement, we expect that we will need additional capital to fully implement our business plan.
The sale of a substantial amount of our ordinary shares or ADSs, including resale of the held by the selling shareholder in the public market could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our ADSs.
We are registering for resale 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs. Sales of substantial amounts of shares of our ordinary shares or ADSs in the public market, or the perception that such sales might occur, could adversely affect the market price of our ordinary shares, and the market value of our other securities. We cannot predict if and when the selling shareholder may sell such shares in the public markets. Furthermore, in the future, we may issue additional ordinary shares or ADSs or other equity or debt securities convertible into ordinary shares or ADSs. Any such issuance could result in substantial dilution to our existing shareholders and could cause our share price to decline.
Management will have broad discretion as to the use of the net proceeds from the Purchase Agreement.
Our management will have broad discretion in the allocation of the net proceeds and could use them for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of this offering. Accordingly, you will be relying on the judgment of our management with regard to the use of those net proceeds, and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the proceeds are being used appropriately. It is possible that, pending their use, we may invest those net proceeds in a way that does not yield a favorable, or any, return for us. The failure of our management to use such funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We make expressed and implied forward-looking statements in this prospectus and elsewhere, including in our 2022 Annual Report incorporated by reference herein, and other information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, plans and objectives. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “believe,” “may,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “should,” “plan,” “expect,” “predict,” “potential,” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on information we have when those statements are made or our management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus include, but are not limited to:
|●||the ability of our technology to substantially improve the safety of drivers;|
|●||our planned level of revenues and capital expenditures;|
|●||our ability to market and sell our products;|
|●||our plans to continue to invest in research and development to develop technology for both existing and new products;|
|●||our intention to advance our technologies and commercialization efforts;|
|●||our intention to use local distributors in each country or region that we will conduct business to distribute our products or technology;|
|●||our plan to seek patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights for our products and technologies in the United States and internationally, as well as our ability to maintain and protect the validity of our currently held intellectual property rights;|
|●||our expectations regarding future changes in our cost of revenues and our operating expenses;|
|●||our expectations regarding our tax classifications;|
|●||interpretations of current laws and the passage of future laws;|
|●||acceptance of our business model by investors;|
|●||the ability to correctly identify and enter new markets;|
|●||the impact of competition and new technologies;|
|●||general market, political and economic conditions in the countries in which we operate;|
|●||projected capital expenditures and liquidity|
|●||our intention to retain key employees, and our belief that we maintain good relations with all of our employees;|
|●||any resurgence of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our business and industry; and|
|●||those factors referred to in our 2022 Annual Report incorporated by reference herein in “Item 3. Key Information - D. Risk Factors,” “Item 4. Information on the Company,” and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects,” as well as in our 2022 Annual Report generally, which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus.|
The preceding list is not intended to be an exhaustive list of any forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of future performance, taking into account the information available to us. These statements are only predictions based upon our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. In particular, you should consider the risks and uncertainties described under “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.
The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based upon information available to our management as of the date of this prospectus and, while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements after the date of this prospectus to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations.
On June 5, 2023, we entered into the Purchase Agreement, pursuant to which YA has committed to purchase up to $10 million of our ADSs at our direction from time to time during the Commitment Period, subject to the restrictions and satisfaction of the conditions in the Purchase Agreement.
Under the terms and subject to the conditions of the Purchase Agreement, we have the right, but not the obligation, to sell to YA, and YA is obligated to purchase up to $10.0 million of our ADSs. Such sales of ADSs, if any, will be subject to certain limitations, and may occur from time to time at our sole discretion, during the Commitment Period, provided, that the registration statement that includes this prospectus covering the resale by YA of ADSs that are to be issued under the Purchase Agreement is declared effective by the SEC and the other conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement are satisfied.
YA has no right to require us to sell any ADSs to YA, but YA is obligated to make purchases at our direction subject to certain conditions. There is no upper limit on the price per share that YA could be obligated to pay for the ADSs under the Purchase Agreement. Actual sales of ADSs to YA from time to time will depend on a variety of factors, including, among others, market conditions, the trading price of our ADSs and determinations by us as to the appropriate sources of funding for us and our operations.
Since the purchase price of our ADSs will be equal to 95% of the lowest of the three daily VWAPs during applicable Pricing Period, we do not know what the purchase price for our ADSs will be and therefore cannot be certain as to the number of ADSs we might issue to YA under the Purchase Agreement. As of June 5, 2023, there were 27,780,896 of our ordinary shares outstanding. Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to $10.0 million of our ADSs to YA, only 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs are being registered for resale by the Selling Shareholder under this prospectus, which represent the (i) the Commitment Shares that we agreed to issue to YA as consideration of its irrevocable commitment to purchase ADSs under the Purchase Agreement and (ii) the Advance Shares that may be issued to YA, if and when we elect to sell shares under the Purchase Agreement. Depending on the market prices of our ADSs at the time we elect to issue and sell shares to YA under the Purchase Agreement, and to the extent the Ownership Limitation provisions and other limitations in the Purchase Agreement allow, we may need to file with the SEC one or more additional registrations statements to register for resale additional ordinary shares representing ADSs in order to receive aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $10.0 million total commitment amount under the Purchase Agreement. If all of the total amount of the YA Shares under this prospectus were issued and outstanding as of the date hereof, such shares would represent approximately 47% of the total number of our ordinary shares outstanding.
Upon the execution of the Purchase Agreement, YA, upon our request, advanced to us $2.0 million of the Commitment Amount, which is evidenced in the form of the Promissory Note, equal to an amount of $2.0 million. The Promissory Note matures on the twelve-month anniversary of execution. The Promissory Note accrues interest at a rate of 8%, and was issued with a 3% original issue discount, and is payable in 10 equal monthly installments beginning on the 60th day following the date of the Promissory Note’s execution. The Promissory Note may be repaid with the proceeds of an Advance under the Purchase Agreement or repaid in cash.
The Purchase Agreement prohibits us from directing YA to purchase any ADSs if those shares, when aggregated with all other ADSs or ordinary shares beneficially owned by YA and its affiliates, would result in YA and its affiliates having beneficial ownership that exceeds the Ownership Limitation.
The net proceeds under the Purchase Agreement to us will depend on the frequency and prices at which we sell ADSs to YA. We expect that any proceeds received by us from such sales to YA will be used for global sales and marketing expansion, research and development, working capital, general corporate purposes and possible future acquisitions.
As consideration for YA’s irrevocable commitment to purchase our ADSs upon the terms of and subject to the restrictions and satisfaction of the conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, upon execution of the Purchase Agreement, we agreed to issue the Commitment Shares to YA.
Purchase of Shares Under the Purchase Agreement
We have the right, but not the obligation, from time to time at our sole discretion during the Commitment Period to direct YA to purchase amounts of our ADSs under the Purchase Agreement that we specify in an Advance Notice delivered to YA on any trading day. The maximum amount that may specify in an Advance Notice is equal to 4.99% of the outstanding ordinary shares of the Company, subject to the Ownership Limitation. Subject to the restrictions and satisfaction of the conditions under the Purchase Agreement, we may deliver Advance Notices from time to time subject to certain conditions. See “Conditions to Delivery of Advance Notices” below.
The purchase price of the ADSs that we may direct YA to purchase from time to time under the Purchase Agreement will be equal to 95% of the lowest of the three daily VWAPs during applicable Pricing Period as set forth in the Purchase Agreement.
As of May 31, 2023, there were 27,780,896 ordinary shares outstanding, of which 21,319,600 ordinary shares were held by non-affiliates. If all of the 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs offered by YA under this prospectus were issued and outstanding, such shares would represent approximately 47% of the total number of ordinary shares outstanding and approximately 54% of the total number of outstanding ordinary shares held by non-affiliates, in each case as of May 31, 2023. The Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to an aggregate of $10.0 million of our common stock to YA.
The payment for, against simultaneous delivery of, shares in respect of each purchase under the Purchase Agreement will be settled as soon as practicable on or after the first trading day following the applicable Pricing Period for such purchase, as set forth in the Purchase Agreement.
Conditions to Delivery of Advance Notices
Our ability to deliver Advance Notices to YA under the Purchase Agreement is subject to the restrictions set forth in the Purchase Agreement and the satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, all of which are entirely outside of YA’s control, including, among other things, the following:
|●||the accuracy in all material respects of our representations and warranties included in the Purchase Agreement;|
|●||we shall have delivered the Commitment Shares to YA;|
|●||the registration statement to which this prospectus relates (and any one or more additional registration statements filed with the SEC that include the ADSs that may be issued and sold by us to YA under the Purchase Agreement) shall be effective to permit the resale of ADSs issuable pursuant to an Advance Notice;|
|●||we shall be current in our periodic reporting requirements under the Exchange Act for the twelve-month period immediately preceding the date on which we deliver an Advance Notice to YA;|
|●||no Material Outside Event, as defined in the Purchase Agreement, shall have occurred or be continuing;|
|●||us having performed, satisfied and complied in all material respects with all covenants, agreements and conditions required by the Purchase Agreement to be performed, satisfied or complied with by us;|
|●||the absence of any statute, regulation, order, decree, writ, ruling or injunction by any court or governmental authority of competent jurisdiction which prohibits or directly, materially and adversely affects any of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement;|
|●||trading in our ADSs shall not have been suspended by the SEC, the Nasdaq or the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, we shall not have received any final and non-appealable notice that the listing or quotation of the ADSs on the Nasdaq shall be terminated, and there is no suspension or restriction on electronic trading or book-entry services with respect to our ADSs by the Depository Trust Company, or DTC;|
|●||there shall be a sufficient number of authorized but unissued and otherwise unreserved ADSs for the issuance of all the ADSs issuable pursuant to such Advance Notice;|
|●||the representations contained in the appliable Advance Notice shall be true and correct in all material respects; and|
|●||except with respect to the first Advance Notice, we have shall have delivered all Advance Shares relating to all prior Advances.|
No Short-Selling or Hedging by YA
YA has agreed that, during the term of the Purchase Agreement, neither YA or its affiliates will engage in any short sales or hedging transactions with respect to our ADSs or ordinary shares, provided that YA and its affiliates may enter into Permitted Sales.
Prohibitions on Variable Rate Transactions
There are no restrictions on future financings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the Purchase Agreement other than a prohibition on our entering into certain types of transactions that are defined in the Purchase Agreement as “Variable Rate Transactions.”
Termination of the Purchase Agreement
Unless earlier terminated as provided in the Purchase Agreement, the Purchase Agreement will terminate automatically on the earliest to occur of:
|●||the first day of the month next following the 48-month anniversary of the date of the Purchase Agreement; and|
|●||the date on which YA shall have purchased Advance Shares under the Purchase Agreement for an aggregate gross purchase price equal to the Commitment Amount.|
We have the right to terminate the Purchase Agreement at any time, at no cost or penalty, upon one trading day prior written notice to YA provided that (i) there are no outstanding Advance Notices, Advance Shares under which have yet to be issued, (ii) there is no outstanding Promissory Note, and (iii) the Company has paid all amount owed to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. We and YA may also terminate the Purchase Agreement at any time by mutual written consent.
Effect of Performance of the Purchase Agreement on our Shareholders
All ADSs that may be issued or sold by us to YA under the Purchase Agreement that are being registered under the Securities Act for resale by YA under this prospectus are expected to be freely tradable. The Advance Shares being registered for resale in this offering may be issued and sold by us to YA from time to time at our discretion over a period of up to 48 months commencing on the date of execution of the Purchase Agreement. The resale by YA of a significant amount of ADSs registered for resale in this offering at any given time, or the perception that these sales may occur, could cause the market price of our ADSs to decline and to be highly volatile. Sales of our ADSs, if any, to YA under the Purchase Agreement will depend upon market conditions and other factors. We may ultimately decide to sell to YA all, some or none of our ADSs that may be available for us to sell to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.
Depending on market prices of our ADSs and subject to the Ownership Limitation and other limitations in the Purchase Agreement, we may seek to issue and sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement more ordinary shares represented by ADSs than are offered under this prospectus in order to receive the aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $10.0 million Commitment Amount under the Purchase Agreement. If we choose to do so, we must first register for resale under the Securities Act any such additional ordinary shares represented by ADSs, which could cause additional substantial dilution to our shareholders. The number of ordinary shares represented by ADSs ultimately offered for resale under this prospectus is dependent upon the number of shares we direct YA to purchase under the Purchase Agreement.
We have filed the registration statement that includes this prospectus so that we may issue to YA up to 24,659,240 ordinary shares represented by 4,931,848 ADSs from time to time during the Commitment Period, subject to the restrictions and satisfaction of the conditions in the Purchase Agreement, through sales under the Purchase Agreement. The following table sets forth the amount of gross proceeds we may receive from YA from our sale of up to 24,659,240 ordinary shares represented by 4,931,848 ADSs that we may issue and sell to YA in the future under the Purchase Agreement assuming that all such ADSs are sold at varying purchase prices designated below:
|Assumed Average Purchase|
Price Per ADS
|Number of ADSs to be|
Issued if Full
|Percentage of Outstanding|
Ordinary Shares After
Giving Effect to
the Sales to
|Gross Proceeds from|
Sale of Shares to
Under the Purchase
|(1)||Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to $10.0 million of our ADSs to YA, we are only registering 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs for resale under the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, including 340,760 ordinary represented by 68,152 ADSs as Commitment Shares, which may or may not cover all the ordinary shares represented by ADSs we ultimately sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement, depending on the purchase price per share.|
|(2)||The denominator is based on 27,780,896 ordinary shares outstanding as of May 31, 2023 plus the assumed issuance of the Commitment Shares, adjusted to include the number of shares set forth in the adjacent column which we would have sold to YA, assuming the purchase price in the adjacent column. The numerator is based on the number of ordinary shares issuable under the Purchase Agreement at the corresponding assumed purchase price set forth in the adjacent column plus the assumed issuance of the Commitment Shares and without giving effect to the Ownership Limitation.|
|(3)||The closing sale price per ADS on June 6, 2023.|
This prospectus relates to our ordinary shares represented by ADSs that may be offered and sold from time to time by YA. All of our ordinary shares represented by ADSs offered by the Selling Shareholder pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Shareholder for its own account. We will not receive any of the proceeds from these sales.
We may receive up to $10.0 million aggregate gross proceeds under the Purchase Agreement from any sales of ADSs we make to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. However, we are unable to estimate the actual amount of proceeds that we may receive, as it will depend on the number of ADSs that we choose to sell, our ability to meet the conditions to purchases set forth in the Purchase Agreement, market conditions and the price of our ADSs, among other factors.
We expect to use any proceeds that we receive under the Purchase Agreement for global sales and marketing expansion, research and development, working capital, general corporate purposes and possible future acquisitions. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot specify with certainty all of the particular uses, and the respective amounts we may allocate to those uses, for any net proceeds we receive. Accordingly, we will retain broad discretion over the use of these proceeds.
Our expected use of net proceeds under the Purchase Agreement represents our current intentions based on our present plans and business condition, which could change in the future as our plans and business conditions evolve. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot predict with certainty any or all of the particular uses for the net proceeds to be received under the Purchase Agreement, or the amounts, if any, that we will actually spend on the uses set forth above. The amounts and timing of our actual use of the net proceeds may vary depending on numerous factors, including our ability to obtain additional financing and changes we may make to our development plan. As a result, our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds, which may include uses not set forth above, and investors will be relying on our judgment regarding the application of the net proceeds from this offering.
Pending our use of proceeds from the Purchase Agreement, we plan to invest the net proceeds from this offering in a variety of investment-grade instruments and/or to hold such proceeds as cash or interest-bearing deposits, in the currencies in which we expect to make payment.
The following table sets forth our total capitalization as of December 31, 2022:
|●||on an actual basis;|
|●||on an as adjusted basis, to give effect to the issuance and sale of 340,760 ordinary represented by 68,152 ADSs and 24,659,240 ordinary shares represented by 4,931,848 ADSs at an assumed offering price of $1.365 per ADS, which is the last reported sales price of our ADSs on Nasdaq on June 6, 2023 assuming (i) the Promissory Note will be repaid with the proceeds of an Advance under the Purchase Agreement and (ii) the equity line will be partially utilized by us, after deducting the estimated offering expenses by us.|
You should read this information in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this prospectus, as well as the section of this prospectus titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
|As of December 31, 2022|
|(NIS, in thousands, except share data)||Convenience translation into USD in thousands (1)||(NIS, in thousands, except share data)||Convenience translation into USD in thousands (1)|
|Cash and cash equivalents and short-term bank deposits||29,310||8,329||52,736||14,986|
|Ordinary shares, value NIS 0.01: 100,000,000 shares authorized, 27,980,896 shares issued and outstanding (actual); 52,780,896 issued and outstanding (as adjusted)||-||-||-||-|
|Share capital and premium||118,284||33,613||141,710||40,270|
|Capital reserves in respect of share-based payment||10,045||2,855||10,045||2,855|
|Total shareholders’ capital equity||26,554||7,546||49,980||14,203|
|(1)||Calculated using the exchange rate reported by the Bank of Israel for December 31, 2022, at the rate of one U.S. dollar per NIS 3.5190.|
The number of ordinary shares to be outstanding after this offering assumes that all 5,000,000 ADSs (including both the Commitment Shares and Advance Shares) representing 25,000,000 ordinary shares offered by the Selling Shareholder are sold and is based on 27,780,896 ordinary shares outstanding as of December 31, 2022. The number of ordinary shares referred to above to be outstanding after this offering and, unless otherwise indicated, the other information in this prospectus, excludes as of such date:
|●||1,826,519 ordinary shares issuable upon exercise of options outstanding under the Saverone 2014 Ltd. 2015 Share Incentive Plan, or the 2015 Plan, at a weighted average exercise price of NIS 4.82 (approximately $1.37) per share;|
|●||173,481 ordinary shares reserved for future issuance under our 2015 Plan;|
|●||787,550 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of warrants granted to the underwriters in connection with our IPO in the United States in June 2022; and|
|●||16,383,410 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold in our IPO in June 2022.|
This prospectus relates to the possible resale from time to time by YA of any or all of the ADSs that are to be issued by us to YA under the Purchase Agreement. For additional information regarding the issuance of ADSs covered by this prospectus, see the section titled “The YA Transaction” above. Except for the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement, YA does not, and has not had, any material relationship with us.
The table below presents information regarding the Selling Shareholder and the shares ADSs that it may offer from time to time under this prospectus. This table is prepared based on information supplied to us by the Selling Shareholder. The number of shares in the column “Maximum Number of ADSs to be Offered Pursuant to this Prospectus” represents all of the ADSs that the Selling Shareholder may offer under this prospectus. The Selling Shareholder may sell some, all or none of its shares in this offering. We do not know how long the Selling Shareholder will hold the shares before selling them, and we currently have no agreements, arrangements or understandings with the Selling Shareholder regarding the sale of any of the shares.
The beneficial ownership of our ordinary shares is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. See “Principal Shareholders” for additional information.
The percentage of ADSs beneficially owned by the Selling Shareholder prior to the offering shown in the table below is based on an aggregate of on 27,780,896 ordinary shares outstanding on May 31, 2023. The number of ADSs that may actually be sold by us under the Purchase Agreement may be fewer than the number of ADSs being offered by this prospectus. The fourth column assumes the sale of all of the ADSs offered by the Selling Shareholder pursuant to this prospectus.
|Name of Selling Shareholder||Number of Ordinary Shares Owned Prior to Offering||Maximum Number of Ordinary Shares to be Offered Pursuant to this||Number of Ordinary Shares Owned After Offering|
|YA II PN, LTD.(4)||340,760||*||25,000,000||–||–|
|*||Represents ownership of less than 1%.|
|(1)||This number represents the 340,760 ordinary represented by 68,152 ADSs we agreed to issue to YA as Commitment Shares in consideration for entering into the Purchase Agreement with us. In accordance with Rule 13d-3(d) under the Exchange Act, we have excluded from the number of ADSs beneficially owned prior to the offering all of the ADSs that YA may be required to purchase under the Purchase Agreement, because the issuance of such ADSs is solely at our discretion and is subject to conditions contained in the Purchase Agreement, the satisfaction of which are entirely outside of YA’s control, including the registration statement that includes this prospectus becoming and remaining effective.|
|(2)||Although the Purchase Agreement provides that we may sell up to $10 million of our ADSs to YA, we are only registering 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,0000 ADSs for resale under this prospectus, including the Commitment Shares we have agreed to issue to YA, in consideration of YA’s obligation to purchase ADSs at our direction under the Purchase Agreement and, for which we will receive no cash proceeds. Therefore, only 4,931,848 of such ADSs represent shares that we may issue and sell to YA for cash consideration in purchases under the Purchase Agreement from time to time, at our sole discretion, during the 48-month period. Depending on the price per ADS at which we sell the Advance Shares to YA pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we may need to sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement more ADSs than are offered under this prospectus in order to receive aggregate gross proceeds equal to the $10.0 million Commitment Amount under the Purchase Agreement. If we choose to do so and otherwise satisfy the conditions in the Purchase Agreement, we must first register for resale under the Securities Act such additional ADSs. The number of ADSs ultimately offered for resale by YA is dependent upon the number of ADSs we sell to YA under the Purchase Agreement.|
|(3)||Assumes the sale of all ADSs being offered pursuant to this prospectus.|
|(4)||YA is a fund managed by Yorkville Advisors Global, LP or Yorkville LP. Yorkville Advisors Global II, LLC or Yorkville LLC is the General Partner of Yorkville LP. All investment decisions for YA are made by Yorkville LLC’s President and Managing Member, Mr. Mark Angelo. The business address of YA is 1012 Springfield Avenue, Mountainside, NJ 07092.|
As of May 31, 2023, our authorized share capital consisted of 100,000,000 ordinary shares, par value NIS 0.01 per share, of which 27,780,896 ordinary shares were issued and outstanding as of such date.
All of our outstanding ordinary shares are validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable. Our ordinary shares are not redeemable and do not have any preemptive rights.
Registration number and purposes of the company
Our registration number with the Israeli Registrar of Companies is 515154607. Our purpose as set forth in our articles of association is to engage in any lawful activity.
Voting rights and conversion
All ordinary shares will have identical voting and other rights in all respects.
Transfer of shares
Our fully-paid ordinary shares are issued in registered form and may be freely transferred under our articles of association, unless the transfer is restricted or prohibited by another instrument, applicable law or the rules of a stock exchange on which the shares are listed for trade. The ownership or voting of our ordinary shares by non-residents of Israel is not restricted in any way by our articles of association or the laws of the State of Israel, except for ownership by nationals of some countries that are, or have been, in a state of war with Israel.
Election of directors
Our ordinary shares do not have cumulative voting rights for the election of directors. As a result, the holders of a majority of the voting power represented at a shareholders meeting have the power to elect all of our directors, subject to the special approval requirements for external directors under the Companies Law described under “Management — External directors.”
Under our articles of association, our board of directors must consist of no less than three but no more than 12 directors, including external directors. Pursuant to our articles of association, other than the external directors, for whom special election requirements apply under the Companies Law, the vote required to appoint a director is a simple majority vote of holders of our voting shares participating and voting at the relevant meeting.
In addition, our articles of association allow our board of directors to appoint new directors to fill in vacancies which can occur for any reason or as additional directors, provided that the number of board members shall not exceed the maximum number of directors mentioned above. The appointment of a director by the board shall be in effect until the following annual general meeting of the shareholders or until the end of the director’s tenure in accordance with our articles of association.
Our external directors have a term of office of three years under Israeli law and may be elected for up to two additional three-year terms under the circumstances described above. External directors may be removed from office only under the limited circumstances set forth in the Companies Law. See “— External directors” for a description of the procedure for the election and dismissal of external directors.
Dividend and liquidation rights
We may declare a dividend to be paid to the holders of our ordinary shares in proportion to their respective shareholdings. Under the Companies Law, dividend distributions are determined by the board of directors and do not require the approval of the shareholders of a company unless the company’s articles of association provide otherwise. Our articles of association do not require shareholder approval of a dividend distribution and provide that dividend distributions may be determined by our board of directors.
Pursuant to the Companies Law, the distribution amount is limited to the greater of retained earnings or earnings generated over the previous two years, according to our then last reviewed or audited financial statements, provided that the date of the financial statements is not more than six months prior to the date of the distribution, or we may distribute dividends that do not meet such criteria only with court approval. In each case, we are only permitted to distribute a dividend if our board of directors and the court, if applicable, determines that there is no reasonable concern that payment of the dividend will prevent us from satisfying our existing and foreseeable obligations as they become due. As of December 31, 2021, we did not have distributable earnings pursuant to the Companies Law.
In the event of our liquidation, after satisfaction of liabilities to creditors, our assets will be distributed to the holders of our ordinary shares in proportion to their shareholdings. This right, as well as the right to receive dividends, may be affected by the grant of preferential dividend or distribution rights to the holders of a class of shares with preferential rights that may be authorized in the future. For more information, see “Dividend Policy.”
There are currently no Israeli currency control restrictions on remittances of dividends on our ordinary shares, proceeds from the sale of the shares or interest or other payments to non-residents of Israel.
Under Israeli law, we are required to hold an annual general meeting of our shareholders once each calendar year that must be held no later than 15 months after the date of the previous annual general meeting. All general meetings other than the annual meeting of shareholders are referred to in our articles of association as special meetings. Our board of directors may call special meetings whenever it sees fit, at such time and place, within or outside of Israel, as it may determine. In addition, the Companies Law provides that our board of directors is required to convene a special meeting upon the written request of (i) any two of our directors or one-quarter of the members of our board of directors or (ii) one or more shareholders holding, in the aggregate, either (a) 5% or more of our outstanding issued shares and 1% or more of our outstanding voting power or (b) 5% or more of our outstanding voting power.
Under Israeli law, one or more shareholders holding at least 1% of the voting rights at the general meeting may request that the board of directors include a matter in the agenda of a general meeting to be convened in the future, provided that it is appropriate to discuss such a matter at the general meeting. Also, one or more shareholders holding at least 5% of our voting rights may request that we convene an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders.
Subject to the provisions of the Companies Law and the regulations promulgated thereunder, shareholders entitled to participate and vote at general meetings are the shareholders of record on a date to be decided by the board of directors, which may be between no less than 28 days and no more than 40 days prior to the date of the meeting. Furthermore, the Companies Law requires that resolutions regarding the following matters must be passed at a general meeting of our shareholders:
|●||amendments to our articles of association;|
|●||appointment or termination of our auditors;|
|●||appointment of external directors;|
|●||approval of certain related party transactions;|
|●||increases or reductions of our authorized share capital;|
|●||the exercise of our board of director’s powers by a general meeting, if our board of directors is unable to exercise its powers and the exercise of any of its powers is required for our proper management.|
Under our articles of association, we are required to publish notice of any annual or special general meeting in two widely-published, Hebrew-language daily newspapers, or on our website and are not required to give notice of any annual general meeting or special general meeting to our registered shareholders, unless otherwise required by law. The Companies Law requires that a notice of any annual general meeting or special general meeting be provided to our shareholders at least 21 days prior to the meeting and if the agenda of the meeting includes the appointment or removal of directors, the approval of transactions with office holders or interested or related parties, or an approval of a merger, or as otherwise required under applicable law, notice must be provided at least 35 days prior to the meeting. Under the Companies Law, shareholders are not permitted to take action by written consent in lieu of a meeting.
Pursuant to our articles of association, holders of our ordinary shares have one vote for each ordinary share held on all matters submitted to a vote before the shareholders at a general meeting. The quorum required for our general meetings of shareholders consists of at least two shareholders present in person, by proxy or written ballot who hold or represent between them at least 25% of the total outstanding voting rights. A meeting adjourned for lack of a quorum is generally adjourned to the next week at the same time and place or to a different time or date if so specified in the notice of the meeting. At the reconvened meeting, any number of shareholders present in person or by proxy shall constitute a lawful quorum, instead of 25% otherwise required by the Companies Law.
Our articles of association provide that all resolutions of our shareholders require a simple majority vote, unless otherwise required by the Companies Law or by our articles of association. Pursuant to our articles of association, an amendment to our articles of association regarding any change to the board composition will require a simple majority. Under the Companies Law, each of (i) the approval of an extraordinary transaction with a controlling shareholder and (ii) the terms of employment or other engagement of the controlling shareholder of the company or such controlling shareholder’s relative (even if not extraordinary) requires the approval described above under “Management — Fiduciary duties and approval of related-party transactions — Approval of related-party transactions.” Certain transactions with respect to remuneration of our office holders and directors require further approvals described above under “Management — Fiduciary duties and approval of related-party transactions — Director and officer compensation.” Under our articles of association, any change to the rights and privileges of the holders of any class of our shares requires a simple majority of the class so affected (or such other percentage of the relevant class that may be set forth in the governing documents relevant to such class), in addition to the ordinary majority vote of all classes of shares voting together as a single class at a shareholder meeting. Another exception to the simple majority vote requirement is a resolution for the voluntary winding up, or an approval of a scheme of arrangement or reorganization, of the company pursuant to Section 350 of the Companies Law, which requires the approval of holders of 75% of the voting rights represented at the meeting, in person, by proxy or by voting deed and voting on the resolution.
Access to corporate records
Under the Companies Law, shareholders are entitled to access to minutes of our general meetings, our shareholders register and principal shareholders register, our articles of association, our financial statements and any document that we are required by law to file publicly with the Israel Securities Authority. In addition, shareholders may request any document related to an action or transaction requiring shareholder approval under the related-party transaction provisions of the Companies Law. We may deny this request if we believe it has not been made in good faith or if such denial is necessary to protect our interest or protect a trade secret or patent.
Under the Companies Law, a shareholder has a duty to act in good faith and customary manner toward the company and other shareholders and to refrain from abusing its power in the company. This duty applies, among other things, when voting at a meeting of shareholders on an amendment to the articles of association, an increase of the authorized share capital, a merger or certain related-party transactions.
In addition, certain shareholders have a duty of fairness toward the company. These shareholders include any controlling shareholder, any shareholder that knows that it possesses the power to determine the outcome of a shareholder vote and any shareholder who, under our articles of association, has the power to appoint or to prevent the appointment of a director or officer of the company or to exercise another power with respect to the company. The Companies Law does not define the substance of this duty of fairness. However, a shareholder’s breach of the duty of fairness is subject to laws regarding breaches of contracts and takes into account the status of such shareholder with respect to the company.
Acquisitions under Israeli law
Full tender offer
A person wishing to acquire shares of a publicly-traded company incorporated in Israel, and who would, as a result, hold over 90% of the target company’s issued and outstanding share capital is required by the Companies Law to make a tender offer to all of the company’s shareholders for the purchase of all of the issued and outstanding shares of the company. If the shareholders who do not accept the offer hold less than 5% of the issued and outstanding share capital of the company, and more than half of the shareholders who do not have a personal interest in the offer accept the offer, all of the shares that the acquirer offered to purchase will be transferred to the acquirer by operation of law. However, a tender offer will also be accepted if the shareholders who do not accept the offer hold less than 2% of the issued and outstanding share capital of the company or of the applicable class of shares.
Upon a successful completion of such a full tender offer, any shareholder that was an offeree in such tender offer, whether or not such shareholder accepted the tender offer, may, within six months from the date of acceptance of the tender offer, petition an Israeli court to determine whether the tender offer was for less than fair value and that the fair value should be paid as determined by the court. However, under certain conditions, the offeror may include in the terms of the tender offer that an offeree who accepted the offer will not be entitled to petition the Israeli court as described above.
If a tender offer is not accepted in accordance with the requirements set forth above, the acquirer may not acquire shares from shareholders who accepted the tender offer that will increase its holdings to more than 90% of the company’s issued and outstanding share capital or of the applicable class.
Special tender offer
The Companies Law provides that an acquisition of shares in a public company must be made by means of a tender offer if, as a result of the acquisition, the purchaser would become a holder of 25% of the voting rights in the company, unless there is already a person holding 25% of the voting rights in the company. Similarly, the Companies Law provides that an acquisition of shares in a public company must be made by means of a tender offer if, as a result of the acquisition, the purchaser would become a holder of more than 45% of the voting rights in the company, unless there is already a person holding more than 45% of the voting rights in the company. These requirements do not apply if the acquisition (i) occurs in the context of a private placement by the company that received shareholder approval or (ii) was from a 25% or 45% shareholder, as the case may be. The tender offer must be extended to all shareholders, but the offeror is not required to purchase more than 5% of the company’s outstanding shares, regardless of how many shares are tendered by shareholders. The tender offer generally may be consummated only if (i) at least 5% of the voting rights in the company will be acquired by the offeror and (ii) the number of shares tendered in the offer exceeds the number of shares whose holders objected to the offer.
The Companies Law permits merger transactions if approved by each party’s board of directors and, unless certain requirements described under the Companies Law are met, by a majority vote of each party’s shares.
Special rules govern a merger with an acquiror that is already affiliated with the target. Unless a court rules otherwise, the merger must also be approved by at least 50% of the votes of the shares of the target that are held by the shareholders other than (i) the acquiror and (ii) any person (or group of persons acting in concert) who holds 25% or more of the voting rights of the acquiror, or the right to appoint 25% or more of the directors of the acquiror. If, however, the merger involves a merger with a company’s own controlling shareholder or if the controlling shareholder has a personal interest in the merger, then the merger is instead subject to the same special majority approval that governs all extraordinary transactions with controlling shareholders (as described under “Management — Fiduciary duties and approval of related-party transactions— Approval of related-party transactions”). If the transaction would have been approved by the shareholders of a merging company but for the exclusion of the votes of certain shareholders as provided above, a court may still approve the merger upon the request of holders of at least 25% of the voting rights of a company, if the court holds that the merger is fair and reasonable, taking into account the value to the parties to the merger and the consideration offered to the shareholders of the company.
Upon the request of a creditor of either party to the proposed merger, the court may delay or prevent the merger if it concludes that there exists a reasonable concern that, as a result of the merger, the surviving company will be unable to satisfy the obligations of the merging entities, and may further give instructions to secure the rights of creditors.
In addition, a merger may not be consummated unless at least 50 days have passed from the date on which a proposal for approval of the merger was filed by each party with the Israeli Registrar of Companies and at least 30 days have passed from the date on which the merger was approved by the shareholders of each party.
Pursuant to the Companies Law and our articles of association, our board of directors may exercise all powers and take all actions that are not required under law or under our articles of association to be exercised or taken by our shareholders, including the power to borrow money for company purposes.
Changes in capital
Our articles of association enable us to increase or reduce our share capital. Any such changes are subject to the provisions of the Companies Law and must be approved by a resolution duly passed by our shareholders at a general meeting. In addition, transactions that have the effect of reducing capital, such as the declaration and payment of dividends in the absence of sufficient retained earnings or profits, require the approval of both our board of directors and an Israeli court.
American Depositary Shares
The Bank of New York Mellon, as depositary, will register and deliver our ADSs. Each ADS will represent five ordinary shares (or a right to receive three ordinary shares) deposited with Bank Leumi, as custodian for the depositary in Israel. Each ADS will also represent any other securities, cash or other property which may be held by the depositary. The depositary’s office at which our ADSs will be administered is located at the depositary’s principal executive office, at 240 Greenwich Street, New York, N.Y. 10286.
You may hold ADSs either (A) directly (i) by having an ADR, which is a certificate evidencing a specific number of ADSs, registered in your name or (ii) by having uncertificated ADSs registered in your name or (B) indirectly by holding a security entitlement in ADSs through your broker or other financial institution that is a direct or indirect participant in the DTC. If you hold ADSs directly, you are a registered ADS holder, also referred to as an ADS holder. This description assumes you are an ADS holder. If you hold our ADSs indirectly, you must rely on the procedures of your broker or other financial institution to assert the rights of ADS holders described in this section. You should consult with your broker or financial institution to find out what those procedures are.
Registered holders of uncertificated ADSs will receive statements from the depositary confirming their holdings.
As an ADS holder, we will not treat you as one of our shareholders and you will not have shareholder rights. Israeli law governs shareholder rights. The depositary will be the holder of the ordinary shares underlying your ADSs. As a registered holder of ADSs, you will have ADS holder rights. A deposit agreement among us, the depositary, ADS holders and all other persons indirectly or beneficially holding ADSs sets out ADS holder rights as well as the rights and obligations of the depositary. New York law governs the deposit agreement and our ADSs.
The following is a summary of the material provisions of the deposit agreement. For more complete information, you should read the entire deposit agreement and the form of ADR. For directions on how to obtain copies of those documents see “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”
Dividends and Other Distributions
How will you receive dividends and other distributions on the shares?
The depositary has agreed to pay or distribute to ADS holders the cash dividends or other distributions it or the custodian receives on ordinary shares or other deposited securities, upon payment or deduction of its fees and expenses. You will receive these distributions in proportion to the number of ordinary shares your ADSs represent.
Cash. The depositary will convert any cash dividend or other cash distribution we pay on the ordinary shares into U.S. dollars, if it can do so on a reasonable basis and can transfer the U.S. dollars to the United States. If that is not possible or if any government approval is needed and cannot be obtained, the deposit agreement allows the depositary to distribute the foreign currency only to those ADS holders to whom it is possible to do so. It will hold the foreign currency it cannot convert for the account of the ADS holders who have not been paid. It will not invest the foreign currency and it will not be liable for any interest.
Before making a distribution, any withholding taxes or other governmental charges that must be paid will be deducted. See “Taxation and Government Programs.” It will distribute only whole U.S. dollars and cents and will round fractional cents to the nearest whole cent. If the exchange rates fluctuate during a time when the depositary cannot convert the foreign currency, you may lose some or all of the value of the distribution.
Shares. The depositary may distribute additional ADSs representing any ordinary shares we distribute as a dividend or free distribution. The depositary will only distribute whole ADSs. It will sell ordinary shares which would require it to deliver a fraction of an ADS (or ADSs representing those ordinary shares) and distribute the net proceeds in the same way as it does with cash. If the depositary does not distribute additional ADSs, the outstanding ADSs will also represent the new shares. The depositary may sell a portion of the distributed ordinary shares (or ADSs representing those ordinary shares) sufficient to pay its fees and expenses in connection with that distribution.
Rights to purchase additional shares. If we offer holders of our securities any rights to subscribe for additional ordinary shares or any other rights, the depositary may (i) exercise those rights on behalf of ADS holders, (ii) distribute those rights to ADS holders or (iii) sell those rights and distribute the net proceeds to ADS holders, in each case after deduction or upon payment of its fees and expenses. To the extent the depositary does not do any of those things, it will allow the rights to lapse. In that case, you will receive no value for them. The depositary will exercise or distribute rights only if we ask it to and provide satisfactory assurances to the depositary that it is legal to do so. If the depositary will exercise rights, it will purchase the securities to which the rights relate and distribute those securities or, in the case of ordinary shares, new ADSs representing the new ordinary shares, to subscribing ADS holders, but only if ADS holders have paid the exercise price to the depositary. U.S. securities laws may restrict the ability of the depositary to distribute rights or ADSs or other securities issued on exercise of rights to all or certain ADS holders, and the securities distributed may be subject to restrictions on transfer.
Other Distributions. The depositary will send to ADS holders anything else we distribute on deposited securities by any means it thinks is legal, fair and practical. If it cannot make the distribution in that way, the depositary will have a choice. It may decide to sell what we distributed and distribute the net proceeds, in the same way as it does with cash. Or, it may decide to hold what we distributed, in which case ADSs will also represent the newly distributed property. However, the depositary is not required to distribute any securities (other than ADSs) to ADS holders unless it receives satisfactory evidence from us that it is legal to make that distribution. The depositary may sell a portion of the distributed securities or property sufficient to pay its fees and expenses in connection with that distribution. U.S. securities laws may restrict the ability of the depositary to distribute securities to all or certain ADS holders, and the securities distributed may be subject to restrictions on transfer.
The depositary is not responsible if it decides that it is unlawful or impractical to make a distribution available to any ADS holders. We have no obligation to register ADSs, ordinary shares, rights or other securities under the Securities Act. We also have no obligation to take any other action to permit the distribution of ADSs, shares, rights or anything else to ADS holders. This means that you may not receive the distributions we make on our ordinary shares or any value for them if it is illegal or impractical for us to make them available to you.
Deposit, Withdrawal and Cancellation
How are ADSs issued?
The depositary will deliver ADSs if you or your broker deposits ordinary shares or evidence of rights to receive ordinary shares with the custodian. Upon payment of its fees and expenses and of any taxes or charges, such as stamp taxes or stock transfer taxes or fees, the depositary will register the appropriate number of ADSs in the names you request and will deliver our ADSs to or upon the order of the person or persons that made the deposit.
How can ADS holders withdraw the deposited securities?
You may surrender your ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal at the depositary’s office. Upon payment of its fees and expenses and of any taxes or charges, such as stamp taxes or stock transfer taxes or fees, the depositary will deliver the ordinary shares and any other deposited securities underlying our ADSs to the ADS holder or a person the ADS holder designates at the office of the custodian. Or, at your request, risk and expense, the depositary will deliver the deposited securities at its office, if feasible. The depositary may charge you a fee and its expenses for instructing the custodian regarding delivery of deposited securities.
How do ADS holders interchange between certificated ADSs and uncertificated ADSs?
You may surrender your ADR to the depositary for the purpose of exchanging your ADR for uncertificated ADSs. The depositary will cancel that ADR and will send to the ADS holder a statement confirming that the ADS holder is the registered holder of uncertificated ADSs. Alternatively, upon receipt by the depositary of a proper instruction from a registered holder of uncertificated ADSs requesting the exchange of uncertificated ADSs for certificated ADSs, the depositary will execute and deliver to the ADS holder an ADR evidencing those ADSs.
How do you vote?
ADS holders may instruct the depositary how to vote the number of deposited ordinary shares their ADSs represent. If we request the depositary to solicit your voting instructions (and we are not required to do so), the depositary will notify you of a shareholders’ meeting and send or make voting materials available to you. Those materials will describe the matters to be voted on and explain how ADS holders may instruct the depositary how to vote. For instructions to be valid, they must reach the depositary by a date set by the depositary. The depositary will try, as far as practical, subject to the laws of Israel and the provisions of our articles of association or similar documents, to vote or to have its agents vote the ordinary shares or other deposited securities as instructed by ADS holders. If we do not request the depositary to solicit your voting instructions, you can still send voting instructions, and, in that case, the depositary may try to vote as you instruct, but it is not required to do so.
Except by instructing the depositary as described above, you won’t be able to exercise voting rights unless you surrender your ADSs and withdraw the ordinary shares. However, you may not know about the meeting enough in advance to withdraw the ordinary shares. In any event, the depositary will not exercise any discretion in voting deposited securities and it will only vote or attempt to vote as instructed.
We cannot assure you that you will receive the voting materials in time to ensure that you can instruct the depositary to vote your shares. In addition, the depositary and its agents are not responsible for failing to carry out voting instructions or for the manner of carrying out voting instructions. This means that you may not be able to exercise your right to vote and there may be nothing you can do if your ordinary shares are not voted as you requested.
In order to give you a reasonable opportunity to instruct the Depositary as to the exercise of voting rights relating to Deposited Securities, if we request the Depositary to act, we agree to give the Depositary notice of any such meeting and details concerning the matters to be voted upon at least 45 days in advance of the meeting date.
|Fees and Expenses|
|Persons depositing or withdrawing ordinary shares or ADS holders must pay||For|
|$5.00 (or less) per 100 ADSs (or portion of 100 ADSs)||Issuance of ADSs, including issuances resulting from a distribution of ordinary shares or rights or other property Cancellation of ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal, including if the deposit agreement terminates|
|$.05 (or less) per ADS||Any cash distribution to ADS holders|
|Persons depositing or withdrawing ordinary shares or ADS holders must pay||For|
|A fee equivalent to the fee that would be payable if securities distributed to you had been ordinary shares and the ordinary shares had been deposited for issuance of ADSs||Distribution of securities distributed to holders of deposited securities (including rights) that are distributed by the depositary to ADS holders|
|$.05 (or less) per ADS per calendar year||Depositary services|
|Registration or transfer fees||Transfer and registration of ordinary shares on our share register to or from the name of the depositary or its agent when you deposit or withdraw ordinary shares|
|Expenses of the depositary||Cable, telex and facsimile transmissions (when expressly provided in the deposit agreement) converting foreign currency to U.S. dollars|
|Taxes and other governmental charges the depositary or the custodian has to pay on any ADSs or ordinary shares underlying ADSs, such as stock transfer taxes, stamp duty or withholding taxes||As necessary|
|Any charges incurred by the depositary or its agents for servicing the deposited securities||As necessary|
The depositary collects its fees for delivery and surrender of ADSs directly from investors depositing ordinary shares or surrendering ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal or from intermediaries acting for them. The depositary collects fees for making distributions to investors by deducting those fees from the amounts distributed or by selling a portion of distributable property to pay the fees. The depositary may collect its annual fee for depositary services by deduction from cash distributions or by directly billing investors or by charging the book-entry system accounts of participants acting for them. The depositary may collect any of its fees by deduction from any cash distribution payable (or by selling a portion of securities or other property distributable) to ADS holders that are obligated to pay those fees. The depositary may generally refuse to provide fee-attracting services until its fees for those services are paid.
From time to time, the depositary may make payments to us to reimburse us for costs and expenses generally arising out of establishment and maintenance of the ADS program, waive fees and expenses for services provided to us by the depositary or share revenue from the fees collected from ADS holders. In performing its duties under the deposit agreement, the depositary may use brokers, dealers, foreign currency or other service providers that are owned by or affiliated with the depositary and that may earn or share fees, spreads or commissions.
The depositary may convert currency itself or through any of its affiliates, or the custodian or we may convert currency and pay U.S. dollars to the depositary. Where the depositary converts currency itself or through any of its affiliates, the depositary acts as principal for its own account and not as agent, advisor, broker or fiduciary on behalf of any other person and earns revenue, including, without limitation, transaction spreads, that it will retain for its own account. The revenue is based on, among other things, the difference between the exchange rate assigned to the currency conversion made under the deposit agreement and the rate that the depositary or its affiliate receives when buying or selling foreign currency for its own account. The depositary makes no representation that the exchange rate used or obtained by it or its affiliate in any currency conversion under the deposit agreement will be the most favorable rate that could be obtained at the time or that the method by which that rate will be determined will be the most favorable to ADS holders, subject to the depositary’s obligation to act without negligence or bad faith. The methodology used to determine exchange rates used in currency conversions made by the depositary is available upon request. Where the custodian converts currency, the custodian has no obligation to obtain the most favorable rate that could be obtained at the time or to ensure that the method by which that rate will be determined will be the most favorable to ADS holders, and the depositary makes no representation that the rate is the most favorable rate and will not be liable for any direct or indirect losses associated with the rate. In certain instances, the depositary may receive dividends or other distributions from us in U.S. dollars that represent the proceeds of a conversion of foreign currency or translation from foreign currency at a rate that was obtained or determined by us and, in such cases, the depositary will not engage in, or be responsible for, any foreign currency transactions and neither it nor we make any representation that the rate obtained or determined by us is the most favorable rate and neither it nor we will be liable for any direct or indirect losses associated with the rate.
Payment of Taxes
You will be responsible for any taxes or other governmental charges payable on your ADSs or on the deposited securities represented by any of your ADSs. The depositary may refuse to register any transfer of your ADSs or allow you to withdraw the deposited securities represented by your ADSs until such taxes or other charges are paid. It may apply payments owed to you or sell deposited securities represented by your ADSs to pay any taxes owed and you will remain liable for any deficiency. If the depositary sells deposited securities, it will, if appropriate, reduce the number of ADSs to reflect the sale and pay to ADS holders any proceeds, or send to ADS holders any property, remaining after it has paid the taxes.
Tender and Exchange Offers; Redemption, Replacement or Cancellation of Deposited Securities
The depositary will not tender deposited securities in any voluntary tender or exchange offer unless instructed to do by an ADS holder surrendering ADSs and subject to any conditions or procedures the depositary may establish.
If deposited securities are redeemed for cash in a transaction that is mandatory for the depositary as a holder of deposited securities, the depositary will call for surrender of a corresponding number of ADSs and distribute the net redemption money to the holders of called ADSs upon surrender of those ADSs.
If there is any change in the deposited securities such as a subdivision, combination or other reclassification, or any merger, consolidation, recapitalization or reorganization affecting the issuer of deposited securities in which the depositary receives new securities in exchange for or in lieu of the old deposited securities, the depositary will hold those replacement securities as deposited securities under the deposit agreement. However, if the depositary decides it would not be lawful and to hold the replacement securities because those securities could not be distributed to ADS holders or for any other reason, the depositary may instead sell the replacement securities and distribute the net proceeds upon surrender of our ADSs.
If there is a replacement of the deposited securities and the depositary will continue to hold the replacement securities, the depositary may distribute new ADSs representing the new deposited securities or ask you to surrender your outstanding ADRs in exchange for new ADRs identifying the new deposited securities.
If there are no deposited securities underlying ADSs, including if the deposited securities are cancelled, or if the deposited securities underlying ADSs have become apparently worthless, the depositary may call for surrender of those ADSs or cancel those ADSs upon notice to the ADS holders.
Amendment and Termination
How may the deposit agreement be amended?
We may agree with the depositary to amend the deposit agreement and the ADRs without your consent for any reason. If an amendment adds or increases fees or charges, except for taxes and other governmental charges or expenses of the depositary for registration fees, facsimile costs, delivery charges or similar items, or prejudices a substantial right of ADS holders, it will not become effective for outstanding ADSs until 30 days after the depositary notifies ADS holders of the amendment. At the time an amendment becomes effective, you are considered, by continuing to hold your ADSs, to agree to the amendment and to be bound by the ADRs and the deposit agreement as amended.
How may the deposit agreement be terminated?
The depositary will initiate termination of the deposit agreement if we instruct it to do so. The depositary may initiate termination of the deposit agreement if:
|●||60 days have passed since the depositary told us it wants to resign but a successor depositary has not been appointed and accepted its appointment;|
|●||we delist our ordinary shares from an exchange in the United States on which they were listed and do not list the ADSs on another exchange in the United States or make arrangements for trading of ADSs on the U.S. over-the-counter market;|
|●||we delist our shares from an exchange outside the United States on which the were listed and do not list the shares on another exchange outside the United States;|
|●||the depositary has reason to believe the ADSs have become, or will become, ineligible for registration on Form F-6 under the Securities Act of 1933;|
|●||we appear to be insolvent or enter insolvency proceedings;|
|●||all or substantially all the value of the deposited securities has been distributed either in cash or in the form of securities;|
|●||there are no deposited securities underlying our ADSs or the underlying deposited securities have become apparently worthless; or|
|●||there has been a replacement of deposited securities.|
If the deposit agreement will terminate, the depositary will notify ADS holders at least 90 days before the termination date. At any time after the termination date, the depositary may sell the deposited securities. After that, the depositary will hold the money it received on the sale, as well as any other cash it is holding under the deposit agreement, unsegregated and without liability for interest, for the pro rata benefit of the ADS holders that have not surrendered their ADSs. Normally, the depositary will sell as soon as practicable after the termination date.
After the termination date and before the depositary sells, ADS holders can still surrender their ADSs and receive delivery of deposited securities, except that the depositary may refuse to accept a surrender for the purpose of withdrawing deposited securities, or reverse previously-accepted surrenders of that kind that have not settled, if it would interfere with the selling process. The depositary may refuse to accept a surrender for the purpose of withdrawing sale proceeds until all the deposited securities have been sold. The depositary will continue to collect distributions on deposited securities, but, after the termination date, the depositary is not required to register any transfer of ADSs or distribute any dividends or other distributions on deposited securities to our ADSs holder (until they surrender their ADSs) or give any notices or perform any other duties under the deposit agreement except as described in this paragraph.
Limitations on Obligations and Liability
Limits on our Obligations and the Obligations of the Depositary; Limits on Liability to Holders of ADSs
The deposit agreement expressly limits our obligations and the obligations of the depositary. It also limits our liability and the liability of the depositary. We and the depositary:
|●||are only obligated to take the actions specifically set forth in the deposit agreement without negligence or bad faith, and the depositary will not be a fiduciary or have any fiduciary duty to holders of ADSs;|
|●||are not liable if we are or it is prevented or delayed by law or by events or circumstances beyond our or its ability to prevent or counteract with reasonable care or effort from performing our or its obligations under the deposit agreement;|
|●||are not liable if we exercise or it exercises discretion permitted under the deposit agreement;|
|●||are not liable for the inability of any holder of ADSs to benefit from any distribution on deposited securities that is not made available to holders of ADSs under the terms of the deposit agreement, or for any special, consequential or punitive damages for any breach of the terms of the deposit agreement;|
|●||have no obligation to become involved in a lawsuit or other proceeding related to our ADSs or the deposit agreement on your behalf or on behalf of any other person;|
|●||may rely upon any documents we believe or it believes in good faith to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper person;|
|●||are not liable for the acts or omissions of any securities depository, clearing agency or settlement system; and|
|●||the depositary has no duty to make any determination or provide any information as to our tax status, or any liability for any tax consequences that may be incurred by ADS holders as a result of owning or holding ADSs or be liable for the inability or failure of an ADS holder to obtain the benefit of a foreign tax credit, reduced rate of withholding or refund of amounts withheld in respect of tax or any other tax benefit.|
In the deposit agreement, we and the depositary agree to indemnify each other under certain circumstances.
Requirements for Depositary Actions
Before the depositary will deliver or register a transfer of ADSs, make a distribution on ADSs, or permit withdrawal of shares, the depositary may require:
|●||payment of stock transfer or other taxes or other governmental charges and transfer or registration fees charged by third parties for the transfer of any ordinary shares or other deposited securities;|
|●||satisfactory proof of the identity and genuineness of any signature or other information it deems necessary; and|
|●||compliance with regulations it may establish, from time to time, consistent with the deposit agreement, including presentation of transfer documents.|
The depositary may refuse to deliver ADSs or register transfers of ADSs when the transfer books of the depositary or our transfer books are closed or at any time if the depositary or we think it advisable to do so.
Your Right to Receive the Ordinary Shares Underlying your ADSs
ADS holders have the right to cancel their ADSs and withdraw the underlying ordinary shares at any time except:
|●||when temporary delays arise because: (i) the depositary has closed its transfer books or we have closed our transfer books; (ii) the transfer of ordinary shares is blocked to permit voting at a shareholders’ meeting; or (iii) we are paying a dividend on our shares;|
|●||when you owe money to pay fees, taxes and similar charges; or|
|●||when it is necessary to prohibit withdrawals in order to comply with any laws or governmental regulations that apply to ADSs or to the withdrawal of ordinary shares or other deposited securities.|
This right of withdrawal may not be limited by any other provision of the deposit agreement.
Jury Trial Waiver
The deposit agreement provides that, to the extent permitted by law, ADS holders waive the right to a jury trial of any claim they may have against us or the depositary arising out of or relating to our shares, the ADSs or the deposit agreement, including any claim under the U.S. federal securities laws. If we are the depositary opposed a jury trial demand based on the waiver, the court would determine whether the waiver was enforceable in the facts and circumstances of that case in accordance with applicable case law.
You will not, by agreeing to the terms of the deposit agreement, be deemed to have waived our or the depositary’s compliance with U.S. federal securities laws or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
Direct Registration System
In the deposit agreement, all parties to the deposit agreement acknowledge that the Direct Registration System, or DRS, and Profile Modification System, or Profile, will apply to our ADSs. DRS is a system administered by DTC that facilitates interchange between registered holding of uncertificated ADSs and holding of security entitlements in ADSs through DTC and a DTC participant. Profile is feature of DRSs that allows a DTC participant, claiming to act on behalf of a registered holder of uncertificated ADSs, to direct the depositary to register a transfer of those ADSs to DTC or its nominee and to deliver those ADSs to the DTC account of that DTC participant without receipt by the depositary of prior authorization from the ADS holder to register that transfer.
In connection with and in accordance with the arrangements and procedures relating to DRS/Profile, the parties to the deposit agreement understand that the depositary will not determine whether the DTC participant that is claiming to be acting on behalf of an ADS holder in requesting registration of transfer and delivery as described in the paragraph above has the actual authority to act on behalf of the ADS holder (notwithstanding any requirements under the Uniform Commercial Code). In the deposit agreement, the parties agree that the depositary’s reliance on and compliance with instructions received by the depositary through the DRS/Profile system and in accordance with the deposit agreement will not constitute negligence or bad faith on the part of the depositary.
Shareholder communications; inspection of register of holders of ADSs
The depositary will make available for your inspection at its office all communications that it receives from us as a holder of deposited securities that we make generally available to holders of deposited securities. The depositary will send you copies of those communications or otherwise make those communications available to you if we ask it to. You have a right to inspect the register of holders of ADSs, but not for the purpose of contacting those holders about a matter unrelated to our business or our ADSs.
On June 5, 2023, we entered into the Purchase Agreement with YA. The Purchase Agreement provides that, upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, YA is committed to purchase up to $10 million in ADSs during the Commitment Period. From time to time, and at our sole discretion, we may present YA with Advance Notices to purchase our ADSs. The ADSs would be purchased pursuant to the Purchase Agreement at 95% of the lowest of the three daily VWAPs during the applicable Pricing Period as set forth in the Purchase Agreement.
The ADSs offered by this prospectus are being offered by the Selling Shareholder. The Selling Shareholder is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act. We have agreed in the Purchase Agreement to provide customary indemnification to YA.
It is possible that our shares may be sold from time to time by YA in one or more of the following manners:
|●||ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker solicits purchasers;|
|●||a block trade in which the broker or dealer so engaged will attempt to sell the shares as agent, but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;|
|●||to a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account; or|
|●||a combination of any such methods of sale.|
YA has agreed that, during the term of the Purchase Agreement, neither YA or its affiliates will engage in any short sales or hedging transactions with respect to our ADSs, provided that YA and its affiliates may enter into Permitted Sales.
YA and any unaffiliated broker-dealer will be subject to liability under the federal securities laws and must comply with the requirements of the Exchange Act, including without limitation, Rule 10b-5 and Regulation M under the Exchange Act. These rules and regulations may limit the timing of purchases and sales of ADSs by YA or any unaffiliated broker-dealer. Under these rules and regulations, YA and any unaffiliated broker-dealer:
|●||may not engage in any stabilization activity in connection with our securities;|
|●||must furnish each broker which offers our ADSs covered by the prospectus and accompanying prospectus that are a part of our Registration Statement with the number of copies of such prospectus and accompanying prospectus which are required by each broker; and|
|●||may not bid for or purchase any of our securities or attempt to induce any person to purchase any of our securities other than as permitted under the Exchange Act.|
These restrictions may affect the marketability of the ADSs by YA and any unaffiliated broker-dealer.
We have advised YA that it is required to comply with Regulation M promulgated under the Exchange Act. With certain exceptions, Regulation M precludes the Selling Shareholder, any affiliated purchasers, and any broker-dealer or other person who participates in the distribution from bidding for or purchasing, or attempting to induce any person to bid for or purchase any security which is the subject of the distribution until the entire distribution is complete. Regulation M also prohibits any bids or purchases made in order to stabilize the price of a security in connection with the distribution of that security. All of the foregoing may affect the marketability of the securities offered by this prospectus.
We will pay the expenses incident to the registration under the Securities Act of the offer and sale of our ADSs covered by this prospectus by the Selling Shareholder. We estimate that our total expenses for the offering will be approximately $100,000 (excluding the Commitment Shares). As consideration for its irrevocable commitment to purchase our ADSs under the Purchase Agreement, we agreed to issue the Commitment Shares to the Selling Shareholder, calculated as 1% of the Commitment Amount. We also paid a $10,000 structuring fee to an affiliate of the Selling Shareholder in connection with entry into the Purchase Agreement.
The validity of our securities and other legal matters concerning this offering relating to Israeli law will be passed upon for us by Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman & Amit Gross. The validity of our securities being offered by this prospectus and certain legal matters in connection with this offering relating to U.S. federal law will be passed upon for us by Greenberg Traurig, P.A., Tel Aviv, Israel.
The audited financial statements of SaverOne 2014 Ltd. as of December 31, 2022 and 2022 , and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2022, have been incorporated by reference herein in reliance upon the report of Fahn Kanne & Co. Grant Thornton Israel, an independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated by reference herein, and upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.
We have been informed by our legal counsel in Israel, Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman & Amit Gross, that it may be difficult to assert U.S. securities law claims in original actions instituted in Israel. Israeli courts may refuse to hear a claim based on a violation of U.S. securities laws because Israel is not the most appropriate forum to bring such a claim. In addition, even if an Israeli court agrees to hear a claim, it may determine that Israeli law and not U.S. law is applicable to the claim. If U.S. law is found to be applicable, the content of applicable U.S. law must be proved as a fact which can be a time-consuming and costly process. Certain matters of procedure will also be governed by Israeli law.
Subject to specified time limitations and legal procedures, Israeli courts may enforce a U.S. judgment in a civil matter which, subject to certain exceptions, is non-appealable, including judgments based upon the civil liability provisions of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and including a monetary or compensatory judgment in a non-civil matter, provided that among other things:
|●||the judgment is obtained after due process before a court of competent jurisdiction, according to the laws of the state in which the judgment is given and the rules of private international law currently prevailing in Israel;|
|●||the judgment is final and is not subject to any right of appeal;|
|●||the prevailing law of the foreign state in which the judgment was rendered allows for the enforcement of judgments of Israeli courts;|
|●||adequate service of process has been effected and the defendant has had a reasonable opportunity to be heard and to present his or her evidence;|
|●||the liabilities under the judgment are enforceable according to the laws of the State of Israel and the judgment and the enforcement of the civil liabilities set forth in the judgment is not contrary to the law or public policy in Israel nor likely to impair the security or sovereignty of Israel;|
|●||the judgment was not obtained by fraud and does not conflict with any other valid judgments in the same matter between the same parties;|
|●||an action between the same parties in the same matter is not pending in any Israeli court at the time the lawsuit is instituted in the foreign court; and|
|●||the judgment is enforceable according to the laws of Israel and according to the law of the foreign state in which the relief was granted.|
If a foreign judgment is enforced by an Israeli court, it generally will be payable in Israeli currency, which can then be converted into non-Israeli currency and transferred out of Israel. The usual practice in an action before an Israeli court to recover an amount in a non-Israeli currency is for the Israeli court to issue a judgment for the equivalent amount in Israeli currency at the rate of exchange in force on the date of the judgment, but the judgment debtor may make payment in foreign currency. Pending collection, the amount of the judgment of an Israeli court stated in Israeli currency ordinarily will be linked to the Israeli CPI plus interest at the annual statutory rate set by Israeli regulations prevailing at the time. Judgment creditors must bear the risk of unfavorable exchange rates.
The following table sets forth the costs and expenses payable by us in connection with this offering. All amounts listed below are estimates except the SEC registration fee.
|SEC registration fee||$||755|
|Legal fees and expenses||60,000|
|Accounting fees and expenses||6,000|
We have filed a registration statement on Form F-1 (including amendments and exhibits thereto) with the SEC under the Securities Act, relating to this offering of our ADSs. This prospectus, which forms a part of the registration statement, does not contain all of the information contained in the registration statement. The rules and regulations of the SEC allow us to omit certain information from this prospectus that is included in the registration statement. Statements made in this prospectus concerning the contents of any contract, agreement or other document are summaries of all material information about the documents summarized, but are not complete descriptions of all terms of these documents. If we filed any of these documents as an exhibit to the registration statement, you may read the document itself for a complete description of its terms.
The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports and other information regarding issuers, like us, that file electronically with the SEC. The address of that website is www.sec.gov.
We are subject to the information reporting requirements of the Exchange Act that are applicable to foreign private issuers, and under those requirements are filing reports with the SEC. As a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from the rules under the Exchange Act relating to the furnishing and content of proxy statements, and our officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required under the Exchange Act to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act. However, we will be required to file with the SEC, within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, or such applicable time as required by the SEC, an annual report on Form 20-F containing financial statements audited by an independent registered public accounting firm, and will submit to the SEC, on Form 6-K, unaudited quarterly financial information.
As a foreign private issuer, we are also exempt from the requirements of Regulation FD (Fair Disclosure) which, generally, are meant to ensure that select groups of investors are not privy to specific information about an issuer before other investors. We are, however, still subject to the anti-fraud and anti-manipulation rules of the SEC, such as Rule 10b-5. Since many of the disclosure obligations required of us as a foreign private issuer are different than those required of U.S. domestic reporting companies, our shareholders, potential shareholders and the investing public in general should not expect to receive information about us in the same amount, or at the same time, as information is received from, or provided by, other U.S. domestic reporting companies. We are only liable for violations of the rules and regulations of the SEC that apply to us as a foreign private issuer.
We maintain a corporate website at https://saver.one/en/home/. Information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus. We have included our website address in this prospectus solely as an inactive textual reference.
The SEC allows us to incorporate by reference information into this document. This means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this document, except for any information superseded by information that is included directly in this prospectus or incorporated by reference subsequent to the date of this prospectus.
We incorporate by reference the following documents or information that we have filed with the SEC:
|●||the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on April, 27, 2023;|
|●||the Company’s Report on Form 6-K filed with the SEC on June 6, 2023; and|
|●||The description of our ordinary shares contained in Exhibit 2.1 to our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on April 27, 2022, including any amendment or report filed with the SEC for the purpose of updating such description.|
We will provide you without charge, upon your written or oral request, a copy of any of the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, other than exhibits to such documents which are not specifically incorporated by reference into such documents. Please direct your written or telephone requests to us at SaverOne 2014 Ltd., Em Hamoshavot Rd. 94, Petah Tikvah, 4970602 Israel, Attention: Tony Klein, Chief Financial Officer, telephone number: +972 3 909 4177.
Up to 5,000,000 American Depositary Shares
Representing 25,000,000 Ordinary Shares
SaverOne 2014 Ltd.
Information Not Required in Prospectus
Item 6. Indemnification, Insurance and Exculpation of Office Holders (including Directors).
Under the Israeli Companies Law 5759-1999, or the Companies Law, the Securities Law, 5728-1968, or the Securities Law, and the Restrictive Trade Practices Law, 5748-1988, or the Antitrust Law, a company may indemnify an office holder in respect of the following liabilities, payments and expenses incurred for acts performed by him or her as an office holder, either in advance of an event or following an event, provided its articles of association include a provision authorizing such indemnification:
|●||a monetary liability incurred by or imposed on the office holder in favor of another person pursuant to a court judgment, including pursuant to a settlement confirmed as judgment or arbitrator’s decision approved by a competent court. However, if an undertaking to indemnify an office holder with respect to such liability is provided in advance, then such an undertaking must be limited to events which, in the opinion of the board of directors, can be foreseen based on the company’s activities when the undertaking to indemnify is given, and to an amount or according to criteria determined by the board of directors as reasonable under the circumstances, and such undertaking shall detail the abovementioned foreseen events and amount or criteria;|
|●||reasonable litigation expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, which were incurred by the office holder as a result of an investigation or proceeding filed against the office holder by an authority authorized to conduct such investigation or proceeding, provided that such investigation or proceeding was either (i) concluded without the filing of an indictment against such office holder and without the imposition on him of any monetary obligation in lieu of a criminal proceeding; (ii) concluded without the filing of an indictment against the office holder but with the imposition of a monetary obligation on the office holder in lieu of criminal proceedings for an offense that does not require proof of criminal intent; or (iii) in connection with a monetary sanction;|
|●||a monetary liability imposed on the office holder in favor of all the injured parties by the breach in an Administrative Proceeding (as defined below) as set forth in Section 52(54)(a)(1)(a) to the Securities Law;|
|●||expenses expended by the office holder with respect to an Administrative Proceeding under the Securities Law, including reasonable litigation expenses and reasonable attorneys’ fees;|
|●||reasonable litigation expenses, including attorneys’ fees, incurred by the office holder or which were imposed on the office holder by a court (i) in a proceeding instituted against him or her by the company, on its behalf, or by a third party, or (ii) in connection with criminal indictment of which the office holder was acquitted, or (iii) in a criminal indictment which the office holder was convicted of an offense that does not require proof of criminal intent;|
|●||financial liability imposed on the office holder on behalf of all the victims of the breach in an Administrative Proceeding;|
|●||expenses incurred by an office holder in connection with a proceeding conducted with respect to the office holder under the Antitrust Law, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and other litigation expenses; and|
|●||any other obligation or expense in respect of which it is permitted or will be permitted under applicable law to indemnify an office holder, including, without limitation, matters referenced in Section 56H(b)(1) of the Securities Law.|
An “Administrative Proceeding” is defined as a proceeding pursuant to chapters H3 (Monetary Sanction by the Israel Securities Authority), H4 (Administrative Enforcement Proceedings of the Administrative Enforcement Committee) or I1 (Arrangement to Conditionally Prevent Proceedings or Suspend Proceedings) of the Securities Law.
|●||Under the Companies Law, the Securities Law and the Antitrust Law, a company may insure an office holder against the following liabilities incurred for acts performed by him or her as an office holder if and to the extent provided in the company’s articles of association:|
|●||a breach of the duty of loyalty to the company, provided that the office holder acted in good faith and had a reasonable basis to believe that the act would not harm the company;|
|●||a breach of duty of care to the company or to a third party, to the extent such a breach arises out of the negligent conduct of the office holder;|
|●||a monetary liability imposed on the office holder in favor of a third party;|
|●||a monetary liability imposed on the office holder in favor of an injured party in certain Administrative Proceedings under the Securities Law, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and other litigation expenses;|
|●||expenses incurred by an office holder in connection with an Administrative Proceeding, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and other litigation expenses; and|
|●||monetary liability imposed on the office holder in proceedings under or in connection with the Antitrust Law, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and other litigation expenses.|
Under the Companies Law, a company may not indemnify, exculpate or insure an office holder against any of the following:
|●||a breach of the duty of loyalty, except for indemnification and insurance for a breach of the duty of loyalty to the company to the extent that the office holder acted in good faith and had a reasonable basis to believe that the act would not prejudice the company;|
|●||a breach of duty of care committed intentionally or recklessly, excluding a breach arising out of the negligent conduct of the office holder;|
|●||an act or omission committed with intent to derive illegal personal benefit; or|
|●||a fine or forfeit levied against the office holder.|
Under the Companies Law, exculpation, indemnification and insurance of office holders in a public company must be approved by the compensation committee and the board of directors and, with respect to directors or controlling shareholders, their relatives and third parties in which such controlling shareholders have a personal interest, also by the shareholders.
Our articles of association permit us to insure our office holders to the fullest extent permitted or to be permitted by law. Our office holders are currently covered by a directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policy. As of the date of this prospectus, no claims for directors’ and officers’ liability insurance have been filed under this policy and we are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation or proceeding involving any of our office holders, including our directors, in which indemnification is sought.
We have entered into agreements with each of our current office holders undertaking to indemnify them to the fullest extent permitted by law, subject to limited exceptions, including, with respect to liabilities resulting from this offering, to the extent that these liabilities are not covered by insurance. This indemnification is limited as follows: the maximum aggregate amount of indemnification that we may pay to all office holders entitled to indemnification, whether in advance or after the event, with respect to all our indemnification undertakings to officer holders, if and to the extent that it grants them, based on the grounds specified above, shall not exceed the maximum indemnification amount of 25% of our shareholders’ equity according to its last financial statements at the time of indemnification. Such indemnification amounts are in addition to any insurance amounts. However, in the opinion of the SEC, indemnification of office holders for liabilities arising under the Securities Act is against public policy and therefore unenforceable.
There is no pending litigation or proceeding against any of our office holders as to which indemnification is being sought, nor are we aware of any pending or threatened litigation that may result in claims for indemnification by any office holder.
We have also entered into agreements with each of our current office holders undertaking to exculpate them in accordance with the Companies Law, whereby an Israeli company may exculpate an office holder in advance from liability to the company, in whole or in part, for damages caused to the company as a result of a breach of duty of care, if a provision authorizing such exculpation is included in its articles of association. Our articles of association include such a provision. A company may not exculpate an office holder from liability for a breach of a fiduciary duty, and may not exculpate a director in advance from liability arising out of a prohibited dividend or distribution to shareholders. We also do not exculpate our directors in advance from liability for damages caused to the company as a result of a breach of duty of care in connection with a transaction in which a controlling shareholder or any office holder has a personal interest.
Item 7. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.
We have issued securities which were not registered under the Securities Act as set forth below.
The following is a summary of transactions during the preceding three years involving sales of our securities that were not registered under the Securities Act (all amounts converted to USD using the exchange rate as of December 31, 2022):
On June 9, 2020, we issued 1,585,400 ordinary shares pursuant to our initial public offering, or IPO, on the Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange, or TASE, at a price per share of NIS 16.40 (approximately $4.66). The aggregate proceeds from the offering were approximately NIS 26 million (approximately $7.4 million).
Upon completion of the IPO on the TASE, all the then outstanding seed shares were fully converted into 2,525,018 ordinary shares of the Company, par value NIS 0.01 each. This amount includes 614,149 seed shares that were issued to certain investors on January 7, 2020 for NIS 2,422,000 (approximately $688,000).
On November 16, 2020, we completed a public offering on the TASE, pursuant to which we issued 387,097 units, which consisted of 774,194 ordinary shares and 387,097 stock warrants, for aggregate gross proceeds of NIS 21 million (approximately $5.9 million).
During August-December 2020, we issued 27,011 ordinary shares, pursuant to the on exercise of options by employees, for aggregate proceeds of NIS 96,000 (approximately $27,000).
On January 31, 2021, we issued 288,080 ordinary shares upon exercise of unregistered rights granted to Keshet Holdings Limited Partnership in August 2019.
On December 11, 2022, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with a certain investor to raise approximately $1.5 million through the private placement of 809,061 ADSs (representing 4,045,305 ordinary shares) at a price of $1.854 per ADS, representing a 58% premium on the closing price of our ADSs on December 9, 2022.
Since January 2019, we have granted to our directors, officers, employees and other service providers options to purchase an aggregate of 1,584,696 ordinary shares under our incentive option plan, with exercise prices ranging between NIS 0.30 (approximately $0.08) and NIS 36 (approximately $10.20) per share. As of December 20, 2022, 52,758 ordinary shares have been issued upon the exercise of options granted to our directors, officers and employees and other service providers under our incentive option plan, and options to purchase 56,270 shares were cancelled, forfeited, expired, or were otherwise not granted, such that the total outstanding amount of options to our directors, officers and employees and other service providers under our incentive option plan as of such date is 173,481.
On June 5, 2023, we completed a private placement to YA II PN, LTD., or YA, pursuant to which we have the right to sell to YA up to $10.0 million in ADSs subject to certain limitations, from time to time during the Commitment Period. We agreed to issue 340,760 ordinary shares represented by 68,152 ADSs to YA as consideration for its commitment to purchase our ADSs under the Purchase Agreement, or the Commitment Shares, and may issue up to $10.0 million of our ADSs pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, or the Advance Shares. Upon the execution of the Purchase Agreement, we issued a promissory note in the amount of $2.0 million to YA. The promissory note matures on the twelve-month anniversary of execution, accrues interest at a rate of 8%, was issued with a 3% original issue discount, and is payable in 10 equal monthly installments beginning on the 60th day following the date of the promissory note’s execution. The promissory note may be repaid with the proceeds of an advance under the Purchase Agreement or repaid in cash. The resale of 25,000,000 ordinary shares represented by 5,000,000 ADSs, representing the Commitment Shares and the Advance Shares, is being registered for resale pursuant to this Registration Statement. In the Purchase Agreement, YA represented to us, among other things, that it was an “accredited investor”, as such term is defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. The securities were sold by us under the Purchase Agreement in reliance upon an exemption from the registration requirements under the Securities Act afforded by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.
We believe that the offers, sales and issuances of the securities described in the preceding paragraphs were exempt from registration either (a) under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (including Regulation D and Rule 506), in that the transactions were between an issuer and sophisticated investors or members of its senior executive management and did not involve any public offering within the meaning of Section 4(a)(2) or (b) under Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act in that offers, sales and issuances were not made to persons in the United States and no directed selling efforts were made in the United States.
Item 8. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.
|3.1#||Articles of Association of the Registrant (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to our Registration Statement on Form F-1 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|4.1||Form of Deposit Agreement between the registrant, the Bank of New York Mellon as Depositary, and owners and holders from time to time of ADSs issued thereunder (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to our Registration Statement on Form F-1 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|4.2||Specimen American Depositary Receipt (included in Exhibit 4.1) (filed as Exhibit 4.2 to our Registration Statement on Form F-1 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|5.1*||Opinion of Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman & Amit Gross, Israeli counsel to the Registrant (including consent)|
|10.1#||Form of Indemnification Agreement (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Registration Statement on Form F-1 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|10.2||Saverone 2014 Ltd. 2015 Share Incentive Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Registration Statement on Form F-1 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|10.3||Form of Securities Purchase Agreement by and between SaverOne 2014 Ltd. and the purchasers identified on the signature pages thereto (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 12, 2022, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|10.4||Standby Equity Purchase Agreement, dated June 5, 2023, between SaverOne 2014 Ltd. and YA II PN, LTD., (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 6, 2023, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|10.5||Promissory Note dated June 5, 2023 (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Report on Form 6-K furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 6, 2023, and incorporated herein by reference)|
|23.1*||Consent of Fahn Kanne & Co. Grant Thornton Israel, independent registered public accounting firm with respect to financial statements of the Registrant|
|23.2*||Consent of Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman & Amit Gross, Israeli counsel to the Registrant (included in Exhibit 5.1)|
|24.1*||Power of Attorney (included in signature page hereto)|
|107*||Filing Fee Table|
|#||English translation of original Hebrew document.|
Item 9. Undertakings.
|a.||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:|
|1.||To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:|
|i.||To include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;|
|ii.||To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and|
|iii.||To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement.|
|2.||That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
|3.||To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.|
|4.||To file a post-effective amendment to the registration statement to include any financial statements required by Item 8.A. of Form 20-F at the start of any delayed offering or throughout a continuous offering. Financial statements and information otherwise required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Act need not be furnished, provided that the registrant includes in the prospectus, by means of a post-effective amendment, financial statements required pursuant to this paragraph (a)(4) and other information necessary to ensure that all other information in the prospectus is at least as current as the date of those financial statements.|
|5.||That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser, each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.|
|6.||That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities: The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:|
|i.||Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;|
|ii.||Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;|
|iii.||The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and|
|iv.||Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.|
|b.||Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.|
|c.||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that:|
|1.||For purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(1) or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of this registration statement as of the time it was declared effective.|
|2.||For the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form F-1 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Petah Tikva, Israel, on this 7th day of June, 2023.
|SAVERONE 2014 LTD.|
|By:||/s/ Ori Gilboa|
|Title:||Chief Executive Officer|
Each of the undersigned officers and directors of SaverOne 2014 Ltd. hereby constitutes and appoints Ori Gilboa and Tony Klein, with full power of substitution, each of them singly our true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents to take any actions to enable the Company to comply with the Securities Act, and any rules, regulations and requirements of the SEC, in connection with this registration statement on Form F-1, including the power and authority to sign for us in our names in the capacities indicated below any and all further amendments to this registration statement and any other registration statement filed pursuant to the provisions of Rule 462 under the Securities Act.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ Ori Gilboa||Chief Executive Officer and Director||June 7, 2023|
|Ori Gilboa||(Principal Executive Officer)|
|/s/ Tony Klein||Chief Financial Officer||June 7, 2023|
|Tony Klein||(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)|
|/s/ Jacob Tenenboim||Chairman of the Board of Directors||June 7, 2023|
|/s/ Sharon Schreiber||Director||June 7, 2023|
|/s/ Yaron Be’eri||Director||June 7, 2023|
|/s/ Shlomo Shalev||Director||June 7, 2023|
Signature of authorized representative in the United States
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Registrant’s duly authorized representative has signed this registration statement on Form F-1 in the city of Newark, the State of Delaware, on this 7th day of June, 2023.
|By:||Puglisi & Associates|
|By:||/s/ Donald J. Puglisi|
|Name:||Donald J. Puglisi|