Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Carrols Restaurant Group
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$10.68 37 $390
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-07-01 Quarter: 2018-07-01
10-Q 2018-04-01 Quarter: 2018-04-01
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-10-01 Quarter: 2017-10-01
10-Q 2017-07-02 Quarter: 2017-07-02
10-Q 2017-04-02 Quarter: 2017-04-02
10-K 2017-01-01 Annual: 2017-01-01
10-Q 2016-10-02 Quarter: 2016-10-02
10-Q 2016-07-03 Quarter: 2016-07-03
10-Q 2016-04-03 Quarter: 2016-04-03
10-K 2016-01-03 Annual: 2016-01-03
8-K 2019-02-20 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-30 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Rights, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-06 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-08 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-07 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-05-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-28 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-20 Officers
WEN Wendy's
DENN Dennys
RRGB Red Robin
BH Biglari
ARKR Ark Restaurants
FAT FAT Brands
IPIC iPic
BDL Flanigans Enterprises
LUB Lubys
GTIM Good Times Restaurants
TAST 2018-09-30
Part I-Financial Information
Item 1-Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2-Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3-Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4-Controls and Procedures
Part Ii-Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 tast-ex311_20180930xq3.htm
EX-31.2 tast-ex312_20180930xq3.htm
EX-32.1 tast-ex321_20180930xq3.htm
EX-32.2 tast-ex322_20180930xq3.htm

Carrols Restaurant Group Earnings 2018-09-30

TAST 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 tast-20180930x10q.htm FORM 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-33174
CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
16-1287774
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
968 James Street
Syracuse, New York
13203
(Address of principal executive office)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (315) 424-0513 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
o
 
Accelerated filer
x
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Smaller reporting company
o
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
o
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting registrant has elected not standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of November 1, 2018, Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. had 36,538,903 shares of its common stock, $.01 par value, outstanding.



CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
Item 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2
 
 
 
Item 3
 
 
 
Item 4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1
 
 
 
Item 1A
 
 
 
Item 2
 
 
 
Item 3
 
 
 
Item 4
 
 
 
Item 5
 
 
 
Item 6

2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1—INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
19,563

 
$
29,412

Trade and other receivables
13,447

 
9,420

Inventories
8,810

 
9,373

Prepaid rent
2,346

 
5,134

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
7,636

 
6,622

Refundable income taxes
104

 
54

Total current assets
51,906

 
60,015

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $319,447 and $289,760, respectively
281,090

 
274,098

Franchise rights, net of accumulated amortization of $106,004 and $100,615, respectively (Note 3)
168,677

 
152,028

Goodwill (Note 3)
38,053

 
36,792

Franchise agreements, at cost less accumulated amortization of $11,583 and $11,028, respectively
24,175

 
23,192

Favorable leases, net of accumulated amortization of $2,129 and $1,943, respectively (Note 3)
6,034

 
5,862

Deferred income taxes (Note 7)
27,810

 
27,647

Other assets
2,337

 
1,880

Total assets
$
600,082

 
$
581,514

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt (Note 6)
$
1,912

 
$
1,808

Accounts payable
22,491

 
29,245

Accrued interest
9,172

 
3,672

Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits
27,372

 
26,635

Accrued real estate taxes
5,965

 
5,269

Other liabilities
17,453

 
12,900

Total current liabilities
84,365

 
79,529

Long-term debt, net of current portion (Note 6)
277,229

 
278,519

Lease financing obligations
1,196

 
1,196

Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate
10,349

 
11,451

Accrued postretirement benefits
4,991

 
4,838

Unfavorable leases, net of accumulated amortization of $6,019 and $5,053, respectively (Note 3)
12,689

 
13,111

Other liabilities (Note 5)
27,405

 
23,810

Total liabilities
418,224

 
412,454

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $.01; authorized 20,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding—100 shares

 

Voting common stock, par value $.01; authorized—100,000,000 shares, issued—36,538,903 and 36,158,711 shares, respectively, and outstanding—35,742,427 and 35,436,252 shares, respectively
357

 
354

Additional paid-in capital
149,148

 
144,650

Retained earnings
33,704

 
25,407

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,210
)
 
(1,210
)
Treasury stock, at cost
(141
)
 
(141
)
Total stockholders’ equity
181,858

 
169,060

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
600,082

 
$
581,514


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
3


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND OCTOBER 1, 2017
(In thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Restaurant sales
$
296,917

 
$
285,235

 
$
871,553

 
$
804,565

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
82,082

 
81,850

 
237,004

 
224,810

Restaurant wages and related expenses
95,391

 
91,540

 
283,489

 
260,559

Restaurant rent expense
20,259

 
19,574

 
60,112

 
56,063

Other restaurant operating expenses
45,510

 
42,884

 
132,938

 
123,989

Advertising expense
12,120

 
11,693

 
35,741

 
33,025

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $1,531, $723, $4,501 and $2,509 respectively)
17,602

 
14,699

 
49,758

 
44,686

Depreciation and amortization
14,555

 
13,655

 
43,426

 
40,172

Impairment and other lease charges (Note 4)
164

 
1,039

 
3,354

 
2,002

Other income, net
(434
)
 
(383
)
 
(434
)
 
(354
)
Total operating expenses
287,249

 
276,551

 
845,388

 
784,952

Income from operations
9,668

 
8,684

 
26,165

 
19,613

Interest expense
5,909

 
5,937

 
17,752

 
15,767

Gain on bargain purchase (Note 2)

 

 
(230
)
 

Income before income taxes
3,759

 
2,747

 
8,643

 
3,846

Provision (benefit) for income taxes (Note 7)
148

 
(48
)
 
346

 
608

Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Basic and diluted net income per share (Note 11)
$
0.08

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.07

Weighted average common shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
35,735,680

 
35,431,806

 
35,707,245

 
35,410,482

Diluted
45,410,556

 
44,937,641

 
45,293,255

 
44,966,264

Comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

Comprehensive income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
Total
 
Common Stock
 
Preferred
 
Paid-In
 
Retained
 
Comprehensive
 
Treasury
 
Stockholders'
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Stock
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Loss
 
Stock
 
Equity
Balance at January 1, 2017
35,258,579

 
$
353

 
$

 
$
141,133

 
$
14,514

 
$
(1,203
)
 
$
(141
)
 
$
154,656

Cumulative-effect adjustment from adoption of ASU 2016-09

 

 

 

 
3,734

 

 

 
3,734

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 
3,518

 

 

 

 
3,518

Vesting of non-vested shares and excess tax benefits
177,673

 
1

 

 
(1
)
 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 
7,159

 

 

 
7,159

Change in postretirement benefit obligations, net of tax benefit of $4

 

 

 

 

 
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
Balance at December 31, 2017
35,436,252

 
354

 

 
144,650

 
25,407

 
(1,210
)
 
(141
)
 
169,060

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 
4,501

 

 

 

 
4,501

Vesting of non-vested shares and excess tax benefits
306,175

 
3

 

 
(3
)
 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 
8,297

 

 

 
8,297

Balance at September 30, 2018
35,742,427

 
$
357

 
$

 
$
149,148

 
$
33,704

 
$
(1,210
)
 
$
(141
)
 
$
181,858





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND OCTOBER 1, 2017
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Cash flows provided from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operating activities:
 
 
 
Loss on disposals of property and equipment
371

 
252

Stock-based compensation
4,501

 
2,509

Gain on bargain purchase (Note 2)
(230
)
 

Impairment and other lease charges
3,354

 
2,002

Depreciation and amortization
43,426

 
40,172

Amortization of deferred financing costs
901

 
735

Amortization of bond premium
(679
)
 
(239
)
Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions
(1,186
)
 
(1,230
)
Deferred income taxes
184

 
608

Change in refundable income taxes

 
(30
)
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities
8,838

 
8,551

Net cash provided from operating activities
67,777

 
56,568

Cash flows used for investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
New restaurant development
(17,753
)
 
(3,726
)
Restaurant remodeling
(21,505
)
 
(23,036
)
Other restaurant capital expenditures
(12,328
)
 
(13,613
)
Corporate and restaurant information systems
(2,661
)
 
(4,285
)
Total capital expenditures
(54,247
)
 
(44,660
)
Acquisition of restaurants, net of cash acquired (Note 2)
(27,595
)
 
(36,556
)
Properties purchased for sale-leaseback
(2,123
)
 
(1,404
)
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions
4,504

 
4,257

Proceeds from insurance recoveries
642

 
481

Net cash used for investing activities
(78,819
)
 
(77,882
)
Cash flows provided from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of 8% senior secured second lien notes

 
79,875

Borrowings under senior credit facility
4,500

 
183,250

Repayments under senior credit facility
(4,500
)
 
(196,750
)
Proceeds from lease financing obligations
2,692

 

Principal payments on capital leases
(1,345
)
 
(1,222
)
Costs associated with financing long-term debt
(154
)
 
(1,966
)
Net cash provided from financing activities
1,193

 
63,187

Net increase (decrease) in cash
(9,849
)
 
41,873

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
29,412

 
2,002

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
19,563

 
$
43,875

Supplemental disclosures:
 
 
 
Interest paid on long-term debt
$
11,952

 
$
9,310

Interest paid on lease financing obligations
$
78

 
$
93

Accruals for capital expenditures
$
3,589

 
$
3,144

Non-cash reduction of lease financing obligations
$
2,538

 
$
1,744

Income taxes paid
$
(211
)
 
$
(30
)
Capital lease obligations acquired or incurred
$
24

 
$
277


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
6

CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)



1. Basis of Presentation
Business Description. At September 30, 2018 Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. ("Carrols Restaurant Group") operated, as franchisee, 838 restaurants under the trade name “Burger King®” in 17 Northeastern, Midwestern and Southeastern states.
Basis of Consolidation. Carrols Restaurant Group is a holding company and conducts all of its operations through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Carrols Corporation (“Carrols”) and Carrols' wholly-owned subsidiary, Carrols LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and Carrols LLC's wholly-owned subsidiary Republic Foods, Inc., a Maryland corporation ("Republic Foods"). The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein include the accounts of Carrols Restaurant Group and its wholly-owned subsidiary Carrols.
Unless the context otherwise requires, Carrols Restaurant Group, Carrols, Carrols LLC and Republic Foods, Inc. are collectively referred to as the “Company.” All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 each contained thirteen and thirty-nine weeks, respectively. The 2018 fiscal year will end December 30, 2018 and will contain 52 weeks.
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 have been prepared without an audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain of the information and the footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such unaudited consolidated financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2017. The December 31, 2017 consolidated balance sheet data is derived from those audited consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates include: accrued occupancy costs, insurance liabilities, evaluation for impairment of long-lived assets and franchise rights, lease accounting matters, the valuation of acquired assets and liabilities and the valuation of deferred income tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Segment Information. Operating segments are components of an entity for which separate financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in order to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company's chief operating decision maker currently evaluates the Company's operations from a number of different operational perspectives; however resource allocation decisions are determined based on the chief operating decision maker's evaluation of the total Company operations. The Company derives all significant revenues from a single operating segment. Accordingly, the Company views the operating results of its Burger King restaurants as one reportable segment.
Business Combinations. In accordance with ASC 805, the Company allocates the purchase price of an acquired business to its net identifiable assets and liabilities based on the estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the amount allocated to the assets and liabilities, if any, is recorded as goodwill. The excess value of the net

7


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


identifiable assets and liabilities acquired over the purchase price, if any, is recorded as a bargain purchase gain. The Company uses all available information to estimate fair values of identifiable intangible assets and property acquired. In making these determinations, the Company may engage an independent third party valuation specialist to assist with the valuation of certain leasehold improvements, franchise rights and favorable and unfavorable leases.
The Company estimates that the seller's carrying value of acquired restaurant equipment, subject to certain adjustments, is equivalent to fair value of this equipment at the date of the acquisition. The fair values of assumed franchise agreements are valued as if the remaining term of the agreement is at the market rate. The fair values of acquired land, buildings, certain leasehold improvements and restaurant equipment subject to capital leases are determined using both the cost approach and market approach. The fair value of the favorable and unfavorable leases acquired, as well as the fair value of land, buildings, leasehold improvements and restaurant equipment subject to capital leases acquired is measured using significant inputs observable in the open market. The Company categorizes all such inputs as Level 2 inputs under ASC 820. The fair value of acquired franchise rights is primarily determined using the income approach, and unobservable inputs classified as Level 3 under ASC 820.

Cash and Cash Equivalents. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $17.7 million and $27.6 million, respectively, invested in money market funds, which are classified as cash equivalents on the consolidated balance sheet.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect the Company's own assumptions. Financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, accounts payable and long-term debt. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these financial instruments. The fair value of the Carrols Restaurant Group 8.0% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due 2022 is based on a recent trading value, which is considered Level 2, and at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was approximately $286.9 million and $290.5 million, respectively.
Fair value measurements of non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities are primarily used in the impairment analysis of long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets. Long-lived assets and definite-lived intangible assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis using Level 3 inputs. As described in Note 4, the Company recorded long-lived asset impairment charges of $0.1 million and $2.5 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and $0.5 million and $1.0 million during the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted. In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This ASU simplifies the accounting for goodwill by eliminating step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Under the new ASU, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds its fair value. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company believes that this pronouncement will have no impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which has been subsequently amended and updated by issuing additional ASU’s that provide clarification and further guidance around areas identified as potential implementation issues. The ASU requires a lessee to recognize a liability for lease obligations, representing the discounted obligation to make minimum lease payments, and a corresponding right-of-use asset on the balance sheet. The Company anticipates implementing the standard using the modified retrospective transition method and anticipates recognizing a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of

8


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


adoption while continuing to present all prior periods under previous lease accounting guidance as permitted by the ASU. The Company also anticipates taking advantage of certain practical expedient options which, among other items, precludes the Company from needing to reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, the lease classification of any expired or existing leases, and initial direct costs for any existing leases.
The ASU will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. The Company anticipates the ASU will have a material impact on the consolidated balance sheet upon recognition of the right-of-use asset and lease liability due to the significance of the Company's operating lease portfolio. Though the majority of the assessment is complete, the Company continues to evaluate the impact the adoption of this new guidance will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, as well as the impact on accounting policies and related disclosures.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Adopted. In May 2014, the FASB issued amended guidance for revenue recognition. The new guidance outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. Additionally, the guidance requires improved disclosure to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. The new guidance supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance, and became effective for the Company on January 1, 2018. The new guidance did not impact the Company's recognition of revenue from Company-operated restaurant sales and did not impact the manner in which the Company recognizes revenue from its advertising fund or gift card program, as these are managed by its franchisor.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. This ASU addresses the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows in order to eliminate diversity in practice. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. This new guidance did not impact the Company's consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Subsequent Events. The Company reviewed and evaluated subsequent events through the issuance date of the
Company’s consolidated financial statements. On October 2, 2018, the Company acquired ten Burger King restaurants located in South Carolina and Georgia for a cash purchase price of $10.4 million, which included inventory, restaurant equipment and intangible assets.

9


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


2. Acquisitions
In 2012, as part of an acquisition of restaurants from Burger King Corporation ("BKC"), the Company was assigned BKC's right of first refusal on the sale of franchisee-operated restaurants in 20 states (the "ROFR"). Since the beginning of 2017, the Company has acquired an aggregate of 98 restaurants from other franchisees in the following transactions, some of which were subject to the ROFR:
Closing Date
 
Number of Restaurants
 
Purchase Price
 
Market Location
2017 Acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 28, 2017
 
43

 
$
20,366

 
Cincinnati, Ohio
June 5, 2017
(1)
17

 
16,355

 
Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, DC
November 28, 2017
 
4

 
1,202

 
Maine
 
 
64

 
$
37,923

 
 
2018 Acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 13, 2018
(2)
1

 


New York
August 21, 2018
(1)
2

 
1,666

 
Detroit, MI
September 5, 2018
(1)
31

 
25,929

 
Western Virginia
Total 2017 and 2018 Acquisitions
 
98

 
$
65,518

 
 
(1)
Acquisitions resulting from the exercise of the ROFR.
(2)
This acquisition resulted in a bargain purchase gain because the fair value of assets acquired, largely representing a franchise right asset of $290, exceeded the total fair value of consideration paid by $230. The Company recognized this gain and recorded it as "Gain on bargain purchase" in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
The Company allocated the aggregate purchase price to the net tangible and intangible assets acquired in the acquisitions at their estimated fair values. The following table summarizes the preliminary allocation of the aggregate purchase price for the 2018 acquisitions reflected in the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2018.
Inventory
$
252

Restaurant equipment
1,680

Restaurant equipment - subject to capital lease
19

Leasehold improvements
1,329

Franchise fees
971

Franchise rights (Note 3)
22,037

Favorable leases (Note 3)
587

Deferred income taxes
346

Goodwill (Note 3)
1,261

Capital lease obligations for restaurant equipment
(24
)
Unfavorable leases (Note 3)
(624
)
Accounts payable
(9
)
Net assets acquired
$
27,825

Goodwill recorded in connection with these acquisitions represents costs in excess of fair values assigned to the underlying net assets of acquired restaurants. Goodwill of $1.3 million is not expected to be deductible for income tax

10


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


purposes for the 2018 acquisitions. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are due primarily to the book and tax bases difference of franchise rights, property and equipment, net favorable and unfavorable leases and other liabilities.
The Company allocated the aggregate purchase price to the net tangible and intangible assets acquired in the acquisitions at their estimated fair values. The following table summarizes the final allocation of the aggregate purchase price for the three 2017 acquisitions as of December 31, 2017:
Trade and other receivables
$
486

Inventory
616

Prepaid expenses
192

Other assets
52

Restaurant equipment
3,290

Cap lease assets
264

Leasehold improvements
2,496

Franchise fees
1,315

Franchise rights
24,691

Favorable leases
1,100

Deferred taxes
(4,357
)
Goodwill
13,923

Capital lease obligation for equipment
(316
)
Unfavorable leases
(2,997
)
Accounts payable
(880
)
Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits
(270
)
Other liabilities, long-term
(1,682
)
Net assets acquired
$
37,923

The restaurants acquired in 2017 and 2018 contributed restaurant sales of $25.6 million and $71.2 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the restaurant acquired in 2017 contributed restaurant sales of $22.0 million and $42.6 million in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, respectively. It is impracticable to disclose net earnings for the post-acquisition period for the acquired restaurants as net earnings of these restaurants were not tracked on a collective basis due to the integration of administrative functions, including field supervision.
The unaudited pro forma impact on the results of operations for the restaurants acquired in 2017 and 2018 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 is included below. The unaudited pro forma results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results that would have occurred had the acquisitions been consummated at the beginning of the periods presented, nor are they necessarily indicative of any future consolidated operating results. The following table summarizes the Company's unaudited pro forma operating results:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Restaurant sales
$
304,274

 
$
297,181

 
$
899,197

 
$
862,328

Net income
$
4,808

 
$
3,631

 
$
11,100

 
$
6,798

Basic and diluted net income per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.15

This unaudited pro forma financial information does not give effect to any anticipated synergies, operating efficiencies, cost savings or any integration costs related to the acquired restaurants. The unaudited pro forma financial

11


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


results exclude transaction costs recorded as general and administrative expenses of $0.8 million and $1.0 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and $0.5 million and $1.7 million during the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017.
3. Intangible Assets
Goodwill. The Company is required to review goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. If the determined fair value of goodwill is less than the related carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. The Company performs its annual impairment assessment as of the last day of its fiscal year and does not believe circumstances have changed since the last assessment date which would make it necessary to reassess the value of its goodwill. There have been no recorded goodwill impairment losses during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 or October 1, 2017. The change in goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is summarized below:

Balance at December 31, 2017
$
36,792

Acquisitions of restaurants (Note 2)
1,261

Balance at September 30, 2018
$
38,053

Franchise Rights. Amounts allocated to franchise rights for each acquisition of Burger King restaurants are amortized using the straight-line method over the average remaining term of the acquired franchise agreements plus one twenty-year renewal period.
The Company assesses the potential impairment of franchise rights whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If an indicator of impairment exists, an estimate of the aggregate undiscounted cash flows from the acquired restaurants is compared to the respective carrying value of franchise rights for each acquisition. If an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. No impairment charges were recorded related to the Company’s franchise rights for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 or October 1, 2017. The change in franchise rights for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is summarized below:
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
152,028

Acquisitions of restaurants (Note 2)
22,037

Amortization expense
(5,388
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$
168,677

Amortization expense related to franchise rights was $1.8 million for both the three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 and $5.4 million and $5.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively. The Company expects annual amortization expense to be $7.3 million in 2018 and $7.8 million in each of the following five years.
Favorable and Unfavorable Leases. Amounts allocated to favorable and unfavorable leases are being amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining terms of the underlying lease agreements as a net reduction of restaurant rent expense.
The net reduction of rent expense related to the amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases was $0.2 million for both the three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 and $0.6 million for both the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017. The Company expects the net annual reduction of rent expense to be $0.8 million in 2018, $0.8 million in 2019, $0.7 million in 2020, $0.6 million in 2021, $0.6 million in 2022 and $0.7 million in 2023.

12


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


4. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges
The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment, for impairment at the restaurant level. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset’s carrying value. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. For closed restaurant locations, the Company reviews the future minimum lease payments and related ancillary costs from the date of the restaurant closure to the end of the remaining lease term and records a lease charge for the lease liabilities to be incurred, net of any estimated sublease recoveries.
The Company determines the fair value of restaurant equipment, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment, based on current economic conditions and the Company’s history of using these assets in the operation of its business. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
 During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $0.2 million consisting of a loss of $0.1 million associated with a sale-leaseback of a restaurant property and $0.1 million of capital expenditures at underperforming restaurants. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $3.4 million consisting of $0.6 million of capital expenditures at underperforming restaurants, losses of $0.7 million associated with sale-leaseback transactions of restaurant properties and $1.9 million related to the write-off of defective product holding unit kitchen equipment that was replaced.
During the three months ended October 1, 2017, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $1.0 million which included $0.2 million of capital expenditures at previously impaired restaurants, $0.3 million associated with an underperforming restaurant anticipated to close in 2018 and $0.6 million of other lease charges associated with the closure of one underperforming restaurant and an acquired administrative office. During the nine months ended October 1, 2017, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $2.0 million, which included $0.5 million of capital expenditures at previously impaired restaurants, $0.5 million of asset impairment charges at four underperforming restaurants and $0.9 million of other lease charges primarily due to four restaurants and an acquired administrative office closed during the period.
The following table presents the activity in the accrual for closed restaurant locations:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Year Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Balance, beginning of the period
$
2,028

 
$
1,513

Provisions for closures
162

 
1,174

Changes in estimates of accrued costs
(120
)
 
81

Payments, net
(746
)
 
(862
)
Other adjustments, including the effect of discounting future obligations
89

 
122

Balance, end of the period
$
1,413

 
$
2,028

Changes in estimates of accrued costs primarily relate to revisions or terminations of certain closed restaurant leases, changes in assumptions for sublease income and other costs.

13


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


5. Other Liabilities, Long-Term
Other liabilities, long-term, at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the following:
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Deferred rent
$
15,944

 
$
14,040

Other accrued occupancy costs
3,193

 
3,189

Accrued workers’ compensation and general liability claims
4,678

 
3,353

Deferred compensation
3,415

 
3,053

Other
175

 
175

 
$
27,405

 
$
23,810

Other accrued occupancy costs above include long-term obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations, contingent rent and unamortized lease incentives.
6. Long-term Debt
Long-term debt at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the following:
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Collateralized:
 
 
 
Carrols Restaurant Group 8% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes
$
275,000

 
$
275,000

Capital leases
4,352

 
5,681

 
279,352

 
280,681

Less: current portion of capital leases
(1,912
)
 
(1,808
)
Less: deferred financing costs
(3,948
)
 
(4,770
)
Add: bond premium
$
3,737

 
$
4,416

Total Long-term Debt
$
277,229

 
$
278,519

8% Notes. On April 29, 2015, the Company issued $200.0 million principal amount of 8.0% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due 2022 (the "Existing Notes") pursuant to an indenture dated as of April 29, 2015 governing such notes. On June 23, 2017, the Company issued an additional $75.0 million principal amount of 8.0% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due 2022 (the "Additional Notes" and together with the "Existing Notes", the "8% Notes") for net proceeds of $35.5 million after the repayment of outstanding revolving credit borrowings of $42.6 million and transaction fees of $1.8 million. The 8% Notes mature and are payable on May 1, 2022. Interest is payable semi-annually on May 1 and November 1. The 8% Notes are guaranteed by the Company's subsidiaries and are secured by second-priority liens on substantially all of the Company's and its subsidiaries' assets (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of its subsidiaries).
The 8% Notes are redeemable at the option of the Company in whole or in part at any time after May 1, 2018 at a price of 104% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed before May 1, 2019, 102% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed after May 1, 2019 but before May 1, 2020 and 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed after May 1, 2020.
The 8% Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed, unconditionally and in full by the Company's subsidiaries which are directly or indirectly 100% owned by the Company. Separate condensed consolidating information is not included because Carrols Restaurant Group is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations. There are no significant restrictions on the Company's ability or any of the guarantor subsidiaries' ability to obtain funds from its respective subsidiaries. All consolidated amounts in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are representative of the combined guarantors.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes includes certain covenants, including limitations and restrictions on the Company and its subsidiaries who are guarantors under such indenture to, among other things: incur indebtedness or issue preferred stock; incur liens; pay dividends or make distributions in respect of capital stock or make certain other restricted payments or investments; sell assets; agree to payment restrictions affecting certain subsidiaries; enter into transaction with affiliates; or merge, consolidate or sell substantially all of the Company's assets.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes and the security agreement provide that any capital stock and equity interests of any of the Company's subsidiaries will be excluded from the collateral to the extent that the par value, book value or market value of such capital stock or equity interests exceeds 20% of the aggregate principal amount of the 8% Notes then outstanding.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the 8% Notes and the indenture governing the 8% Notes if there is a default under any of the Company's indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount of
$20.0 million or more which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
Senior Credit Facility. On May 30, 2012, the Company entered into a senior credit facility, which has a maturity date of February 12, 2021, and was most recently amended on June 20, 2017 to increase the permitted indebtedness of our second lien notes to a principal amount not to exceed $300.0 million in order to provide for the additional $75.0 million of the 8% Notes issued on June 23, 2017. On January 13, 2017, the senior credit facility was amended to, among other things, provide for maximum revolving credit borrowings of up to $73.0 million (including $20.0 million available for letters of credit). The amended senior credit facility also provides for potential incremental borrowing increases of up to $25.0 million, in the aggregate. As of September 30, 2018, there were no revolving credit borrowings outstanding and $12.0 million of letters of credit were issued under the senior credit facility. After reserving for issued letters of credit and outstanding revolving credit borrowings, $61.0 million was available for revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility at September 30, 2018.
Borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum, at the Company’s option, of:
(i) the Alternate Base Rate plus the applicable margin of 1.75% to 2.75% based on the Company’s Adjusted Leverage Ratio, or
(ii) the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin of 2.75% to 3.75% based on the Company’s Adjusted Leverage Ratio (all terms as defined under the senior credit facility).
At September 30, 2018 the Company's LIBOR Rate margin was 2.75% and the Alternate Base Rate margin was 1.75% based on the Company's Adjusted Leverage Ratio at the end of the second quarter of 2018.
The Company’s obligations under the senior credit facility are jointly and severally guaranteed by its subsidiaries and are secured by first priority liens on substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of its subsidiaries.
Under the amended senior credit facility, the Company is required to make mandatory prepayments of borrowings in the event of dispositions of assets, debt issuances and insurance and condemnation proceeds (all subject to certain exceptions).
The amended senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including without limitation, those limiting the Company’s and its subsidiaries' ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the character of its business in all material respects, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments, make certain restricted payments or pay dividends. In addition, the amended senior credit facility requires the Company to meet certain financial ratios, including a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, Adjusted Leverage Ratio and First Lien Leverage Ratio (all as defined under the amended senior credit facility). The Company was in compliance with the financial covenants under its senior credit facility at September 30, 2018.
The amended senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including that the lenders may terminate their obligation to advance and may declare the unpaid balance of borrowings, or any part thereof, immediately due and payable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of customary defaults which include, without limitation, payment default, covenant defaults, bankruptcy type defaults, cross-defaults on other indebtedness, judgments or upon the occurrence of a change of control.

14


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


7. Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 was comprised of the following:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Current
$
2

 
$

 
$
162

 
$

Deferred
146

 
(48
)
 
184

 
608

Provision for income taxes
$
148

 
$
(48
)
 
$
346

 
$
608

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Act") was signed into law. The Act reduces the corporate tax rate to 21% from 35% while retaining the employment tax credits the Company is eligible for. In addition, the Act provides for one hundred percent expensing of certain qualified property placed in service after September 27, 2017.
Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amount used for income tax purposes.
The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for all of 2018 of 4.5%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments and is below the statutory rate due to the effect of fixed employment tax credits on taxable income. The benefits of federal employment credits are not directly related to the amount of pre-tax income recorded in a period. Accordingly, in periods where recorded pre-tax income is relatively small, the proportional effect of these items on the effective tax rate may be significant. There were no discrete adjustments for the three months ended September 30, 2018.
The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for all of 2017 of (6.7)%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments and was below the statutory rate due to the effect of fixed employment tax credits on taxable income. The income tax expense for the nine months ended October 1, 2017 contains net discrete tax adjustments of $0.9 million of income tax expense.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had federal net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $84.4 million which expire beginning in 2033. The Company's state net operating loss carryforwards expire beginning in 2018 through 2037.
The Company's policy is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits and no accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions. The tax years 2014 - 2017 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject. Although it is not reasonably possible to estimate the amount by which unrecognized tax benefits may increase within the next twelve months due to the uncertainties regarding the timing of examinations, the Company does not expect unrecognized tax benefits to significantly change in the next twelve months.

8. Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense for three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 was $1.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively and was $4.5 million and $2.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively.

15


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


A summary of all non-vested shares activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was as follows:
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Price
Non-vested at December 31, 2017
722,459

 
$
12.76

Granted
380,192

 
13.25

Vested
(306,175
)
 
12.43

Non-vested at September 30, 2018
796,476

 
$
13.12

The fair value of non-vested shares is based on the closing price on the date of grant. As of September 30, 2018, the total non-vested unrecognized stock-based compensation expense was approximately $7.1 million and the remaining weighted average vesting period for non-vested shares was 1.7 years. The Company expects to record an additional $1.2 million in stock-based compensation expense related to the vesting of these awards for the remainder of 2018.
9. Commitments and Contingencies
Lease Guarantees. Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. ("Fiesta"), a former wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, was spun-off in 2012 to the Company's stockholders. As of September 30, 2018, the Company is a guarantor under 27 Fiesta restaurant property leases, with lease terms expiring on various dates through 2030, and is the primary lessee on five Fiesta restaurant property leases, which it subleases to Fiesta. The Company is fully liable for all obligations under the terms of the leases in the event that Fiesta fails to pay any sums due under the lease, subject to indemnification provisions of the Separation and Distribution Agreement entered into in connection with the spin-off of Fiesta.
The maximum potential amount of future undiscounted rental payments the Company could be required to make under these leases at September 30, 2018 was $17.5 million. The obligations under these leases will generally continue to decrease over time as these operating leases expire. No payments related to these guarantees have been made by the Company to date and none are expected to be required to be made in the future. The Company has not recorded a liability for these guarantees in accordance with ASC 460 - Guarantees as Fiesta has indemnified the Company for all such obligations and the Company did not believe it was probable it would be required to perform under any of the guarantees or direct obligations.
Litigation. The Company is a party to various litigation matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these other matters meet the disclosure or recognition standards, nor will they have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.
10. Transactions with Related Parties
In connection with an acquisition of restaurants from BKC in 2012, the Company issued to BKC 100 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock which is convertible into approximately 20.5% of the outstanding shares of the Company's common stock on a fully diluted basis. Pursuant to the terms of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, BKC also has two representatives on the Company's board of directors.
Each of the Company's restaurants operates under a separate franchise agreement with BKC. These franchise agreements generally provide for an initial term of twenty years and currently have an initial franchise fee of fifty thousand dollars. Any franchise agreement, including renewals, can be extended at the Company's discretion for an additional 20 year term, with BKC's approval, provided that, among other things, the restaurant meets the current Burger King image standard and the Company is not in default under terms of the franchise agreement. In addition to the initial franchise fee, the Company generally pays BKC a monthly royalty at a rate of 4.5% of sales. Royalty expense was $12.8 million and $12.2 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively and was $37.3 million and $34.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively.

16


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


The Company is also generally required to contribute 4% of restaurant sales from its restaurants to an advertising fund utilized by BKC for its advertising, promotional programs and public relations activities, and additional amounts for additional local advertising in markets that approve such advertising. Advertising expense associated with these expenditures was $11.8 million and $11.4 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively and was $34.8 million and $32.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company leased 245 of its restaurant locations from BKC and 117 of these locations are subleased by BKC from a third-party lessor. Aggregate rent under these BKC leases was $6.8 million and $7.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively and $20.3 million and $20.4 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, respectively.
The Company believes the related party lease terms have not been significantly affected by the fact that the Company and BKC are deemed to be related parties.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company owed BKC $9.4 million related to the payment of advertising, royalties and rent, which is remitted on a monthly basis.
11. Net Income per Share
The Company applies the two-class method to calculate and present net income per share. The Company's non-vested share awards and Series A Convertible Preferred Stock issued to BKC contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends and are considered participating securities for purposes of computing net income per share pursuant to the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are reduced by the amount of dividends declared (whether paid or unpaid) and the remaining undistributed earnings are then allocated to common stock and participating securities, based on their respective rights to receive dividends.
Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the reporting period. Diluted net income per share reflects additional shares of common stock outstanding, where applicable, calculated using the treasury stock method or the two-class method.

17


CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)


The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Less: Income attributable to non-vested shares
(63
)
 
(45
)
 
(147
)
 
(54
)
Less: Income attributable to preferred stock
(740
)
 
(577
)
 
(1,701
)
 
(669
)
Net income available to common stockholders
$
2,808

 
$
2,173

 
$
6,449

 
$
2,515

Weighted average common shares outstanding
35,735,680

 
35,431,806

 
35,707,245

 
35,410,482

Basic net income per share
$
0.08

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.07

Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Shares used in computing basic net income per share
35,735,680

 
35,431,806

 
35,707,245

 
35,410,482

Dilutive effect of preferred stock and non-vested shares
9,674,876

 
9,505,835

 
9,586,010

 
9,555,782

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share
45,410,556

 
44,937,641

 
45,293,255

 
44,966,264

Diluted net income per share (1)
$
0.08

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.07


(1) Diluted net income per share is equal to basic net income per share for the periods presented due to the allocation of earnings to participating securities under the two-class method of calculating basic net income per share causing basic net income per share to be lower than diluted net income per share calculated under the treasury-stock method.


12. Other Income

In both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, the Company recorded a gain of $0.4 million related to insurance recoveries from a restaurant fire in each period.




18


ITEM 2—MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
As of September 30, 2018, Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, "Carrols Restaurant Group", the "Company", “we”, “our” or “us”) operated, as franchisee, 838 restaurants under the trade name “Burger King®” in 17 Northeastern, Midwestern and Southeastern states.
We operate on a 52 or 53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. Our fiscal quarters are comprised of 13 weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of a 53 week year, which contains 14 weeks. Our fiscal years ending December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 each contain 52 weeks.
Introduction
We are a holding company and conduct all of our operations through our direct and indirect subsidiaries and have no assets other than the shares of capital stock of Carrols Corporation, our direct wholly-owned subsidiary. The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (or "MD&A") is written to help the reader understand our company. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with our unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying financial statement notes appearing elsewhere in this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2017. The overview provides our perspective on the individual sections of MD&A, which include the following:
Company Overview—a general description of our business and our key financial measures.
Recent and Future Events Affecting Our Results of Operations—a description of recent events that affect, and future events that may affect, our results of operations.
Results from Operations—an analysis of our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017 including a review of material items and known trends and uncertainties.
Liquidity and Capital Resources—an analysis of historical information regarding our sources of cash and capital expenditures, the existence and timing of commitments and contingencies, changes in capital resources and a discussion of cash flow items affecting liquidity.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies—an overview of accounting policies requiring critical judgments and estimates.
Effects of New Accounting Standards—a discussion of new accounting standards and any implications related to our financial statements.
Forward Looking Statements—cautionary information about forward-looking statements and a description of certain risks and projections.

19


Company Overview
We are one of the largest restaurant companies in the United States and have been operating restaurants for more than 55 years. We are the largest Burger King® franchisee in the United States, based on number of restaurants, and have operated Burger King restaurants since 1976. As of September 30, 2018, our restaurant operations consisted of 838 franchised Burger King restaurants in 17 states.
In 2012, as part of an acquisition of restaurants from Burger King Corporation ("BKC") we were assigned BKC's right of first refusal on the sale of franchisee-operated restaurants in 20 states (the "ROFR"). In the first nine months of 2018 we acquired 34 restaurants in three separate transactions. During the year ended December 31, 2017 we acquired 64 restaurants in three separate transactions and during the year ended January 1, 2017 we acquired 56 restaurants in seven separate transactions. On October 2, 2018, we acquired ten Burger King restaurants located in South Carolina and Georgia.
The following is an overview of the key financial measures discussed in our results of operations:
Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales at our restaurants, net of discounts and excluding sales tax collected. Restaurant sales are influenced by changes in comparable restaurant sales, menu price increases, new restaurant development, acquisition of restaurants, and the closure of restaurants. Comparable restaurant sales reflects the change in year-over-year sales for the comparable restaurant base. Restaurants, including restaurants we acquire, are included in comparable restaurant sales after they have been open or owned for 12 months and immediately after they re-open following a remodel.
Cost of sales consists of food, paper and beverage costs including packaging costs, less purchase discounts. Cost of sales is generally influenced by changes in commodity costs, the mix of items sold, the level of promotional discounting and the effectiveness of our restaurant-level controls to manage food and paper costs.
Restaurant wages and related expenses include all restaurant management and hourly productive labor costs and related benefits, employer payroll taxes and restaurant-level bonuses. Payroll and related benefits are subject to inflation, including minimum wage increases and increased costs for health insurance, workers’ compensation insurance and federal and state unemployment insurance.
Restaurant rent expense includes base rent and contingent rent on our leases characterized as operating leases, and the amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases, reduced by the amortization of deferred gains on sale-leaseback transactions.
Other restaurant operating expenses include all other restaurant-level operating costs, the major components of which are royalty expenses paid to BKC, utilities, repairs and maintenance, real estate taxes and credit card fees.
Advertising expense includes advertising payments to BKC based on a percentage of sales as required under our franchise and operating agreements and additional marketing and promotional expenses in certain of our markets.
General and administrative expenses are comprised primarily of salaries and expenses associated with corporate and administrative functions that support the development and operations of our restaurants, legal, auditing and other professional fees, acquisition costs and stock-based compensation expense.
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income. EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income are non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA represents net income or loss, before provision or benefit for income taxes, interest expense and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted to exclude impairment and other lease charges, acquisition costs, stock compensation expense and non-recurring income or expense. Restaurant-Level EBITDA represents income or loss from operations adjusted to exclude general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges and other income or expense. Adjusted net income represents net income adjusted to exclude loss on extinguishment of debt, impairment

20


and other lease charges, acquisition costs, non-recurring income and expense and the related income tax effect of these adjustments.
We are presenting Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income because we believe that they provide a more meaningful comparison than EBITDA and net income of our core business operating results, as well as with those of other similar companies. Additionally, we present Restaurant-Level EBITDA because it excludes the impact of general and administrative expenses and other income or expense, which are not directly related to restaurant-level operations. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-Level EBITDA, when viewed with our results of operations in accordance with GAAP and the accompanying reconciliations on page 28, provide useful information about operating performance and period-over-period growth, and provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of our core business without regard to potential distortions. Additionally, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-Level EBITDA permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting our ongoing cash earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced.
However, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net income, income from operations or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. Also, these measures may not be comparable to similarly titled captions of other companies. For the reconciliation between net income to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income and the reconciliation of income from operations to Restaurant-Level EBITDA, see page 28.
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income have important limitations as analytical tools.  These limitations include the following:
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-Level EBITDA do not reflect our capital expenditures, future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments to purchase capital equipment;
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-Level EBITDA do not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service principal or interest payments on our debt;
Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets that we currently depreciate and amortize will likely have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-Level EBITDA do not reflect the cash required to fund such replacements; and
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted net income do not reflect the effect of earnings or charges resulting from matters that our management does not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations. However, some of these charges (such as impairment and other lease charges and acquisition costs) have recurred and may reoccur.
Depreciation and amortization primarily includes the depreciation of fixed assets, including equipment, owned buildings and leasehold improvements utilized in our restaurants, the amortization of franchise rights from our acquisitions of Burger King restaurants and the amortization of franchise fees paid to BKC.
Impairment and other lease charges are determined through our assessment of the recoverability of property and equipment and intangible assets by determining whether the carrying value of these assets can be recovered over their respective remaining lives through undiscounted future operating cash flows. A potential impairment charge is evaluated whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be fully recoverable. Losses on sale-leaseback transactions are recognized when they are incurred. Lease charges are recorded for our obligations under the related leases for closed locations net of estimated sublease recoveries.
Interest expense consists primarily of interest expense associated with our $275.0 million of 8% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due 2022 (the "8% Notes"), amortization of deferred financing costs, amortization of bond premium and interest on revolving credit borrowings under our senior credit facility.

21


Recent and Future Events Affecting our Results of Operations
Burger King Restaurant Acquisitions
From the beginning of 2017 through September 30, 2018, we have acquired 98 restaurants from other franchisees in the following transactions ($ in thousands):
Closing Date
 
Number of Restaurants
 
Purchase Price
 
Market Location
2017 Acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 28, 2017
 
43

 
$
20,366

 
Cincinnati, Ohio
June 5, 2017
(1)
17

 
16,355

 
Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, DC
November 28, 2017
 
4

 
1,202

 
Maine
 
 
64

 
37,923

 
 
2018 Acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 13, 2018
(2)
1

 

 
New York
August 21, 2018
(1)
2

 
1,666

 
Detroit, MI
September 5, 2018
(1)
31

 
25,929

 
Western Virginia
Total 2017 and 2018 Acquisitions
 
98

 
$
65,518

 
 
(1)
Acquisitions resulting from the exercise of our ROFR.
(2)
This acquisition resulted in a bargain purchase gain because the fair value of assets acquired, largely representing a franchise right asset of $290, exceeded the the total fair value of consideration paid by $230. The Company recognized this gain and recorded it as "Gain on bargain purchase" in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
The unaudited pro forma impact on the results of operations for the 2017 and 2018 acquisitions is included below. The unaudited pro forma results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results that would have occurred had the acquisitions been consummated at the beginning of the periods presented, nor are they necessarily indicative of any future consolidated operating results. This unaudited pro forma financial information does not give effect to any anticipated synergies, operating efficiencies or cost savings or any transaction costs related to the 2017 or 2018 acquired restaurants. The following table summarizes certain unaudited pro forma financial information related to our operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Restaurant sales
$
304,274

 
$
297,181

 
$
899,197

 
$
862,328

Income from operations
$
11,265

 
$
10,032

 
$
29,793

 
$
25,355

Adjusted EBITDA
$
27,889

 
$
26,274

 
$
83,747

 
$
74,180

Capital Expenditures
Under our operating agreement with BKC, until we exceed operating 1,000 Burger King restaurants, a minimum of 10% of our annual new restaurant growth (including acquisitions) must come from the development of new Burger King restaurants (which includes restaurants we relocate within their market area). In 2018, we anticipate opening 10 to 13 new restaurants and expect to remain in compliance with this commitment at the end of 2018.
In 2018, we expect that capital expenditures before discretionary growth-related expenditures (i.e. new restaurant development and acquisitions) will be $58 million to $60 million, although the actual amount of capital expenditures may differ from these estimates. Estimated capital expenditures in 2018 include remodeling 30 to 35 restaurants to the

22


BKC 20/20 image standard. In addition, capital expenditures for constructing 12 to 13 new restaurants, including 2 or 3 restaurants to be relocated within their respective markets, and remaining costs from 2017 construction late last year are expected to be $22 million to $25 million. We will review our future remodel and development plans on an ongoing basis in relation to our available capital resources and alternate investment opportunities. At September 30, 2018 we had 659 restaurants with the 20/20 restaurant image, which included restaurants upgraded prior to our acquisition.
Effect of Tax Law Changes
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which we refer to as the "Act", was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Act made significant changes to the Federal tax code, including a reduction in the statutory Federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%.
Refinancing of Indebtedness and Amendment to Our Senior Credit Facility
On June 23, 2017, we issued an additional $75 million principal amount of 8% Notes at a premium of 106.5% in a private placement and used a portion of the net proceeds to repay all of our revolving credit borrowings under our amended senior credit facility and to pay related fees and expenses. We received net proceeds of approximately $35.5 million from the offering to be used for working capital and general corporate purposes, including future restaurant acquisitions.
On June 20, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our senior credit facility to increase the permitted indebtedness for our 8% Notes to a principal amount not to exceed $300.0 million in order to provide for the additional $75 million of 8% Notes issued on June 23, 2017.
Previously, on January 13, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our senior credit facility to, among other things, increase the maximum revolving credit borrowings by $18.0 million to a total of $73.0 million.
Future Restaurant Closures
We evaluate the performance of our restaurants on an ongoing basis including an assessment of the current and future operating results of the restaurant in relation to its cash flow and future occupancy costs, and with regard to franchise agreement renewals, the cost of required capital improvements. We may elect to close restaurants based on these evaluations.
In the first nine months of 2018 we closed 9 restaurants. We currently anticipate closing a total of 10 to 15 restaurants in 2018 at or near the end of their respective lease term, excluding any restaurants being relocated within their trade area.
Our determination of whether to close restaurants in the future is subject to further evaluation and may change. We may incur lease charges in the future from closures of underperforming restaurants prior to the expiration of their contractual lease term. We do not believe that the future impact on our results of operations due to restaurant closures will be material, although there can be no assurance in this regard.
Effect of Minimum Wage Increases
Certain of the states and municipalities in which we operate have increased their minimum wage rates for 2018 and in many cases have also approved additional increases for future periods. Most notably, New York State has increased the minimum wage applicable to our business to $11.75 an hour in 2018 (from $10.75 an hour in 2017) with subsequent annual increases, including to $12.75 an hour in 2019, until reaching $15.00 an hour by July 1, 2021. Since 2015, we have been receiving New York State minimum wage tax credits that partially offset these additional labor costs. These tax credits diminish over the next few years but currently total approximately $500,000 per year. We had 128 restaurants in New York State at September 30, 2018. We typically attempt to offset the effects of wage inflation, at least in part, through periodic menu price increases. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to offset these wage increases in the future.

23


Results of Operations
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to Three and Nine Months Ended October 1, 2017
    
The following table highlights the key components of sales and the number of restaurants in operation for the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the three and nine month period ended October 1, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Restaurant Sales:
 
$
296,917

 
$
285,235

 
$
871,553

 
$
804,565

Change in Comparable Restaurant Sales %
 
1.6
%
 
7.5
%
 
4.2
%
 
3.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restaurants operating at beginning of period
 
807

 
799

 
807

 
753

New restaurants opened, including relocations
(1)
2

 

 
6

 
2

Restaurants acquired
 
33

 

 
34

 
60

Restaurants closed
(1)
(4
)
 
(1
)
 
(9
)
 
(17
)
Restaurants operating at end of period
 
838

 
798

 
838

 
798

(1) In the nine months ended October 1, 2017, new restaurants opened include two restaurants relocated within their market area and closed restaurants include one restaurant closed as a result of relocation.
Restaurant Sales. Comparable restaurant sales increased 1.6% in the third quarter of 2018 consisting of an increase in average check of 2.1%, including a 2.1% effect of menu price increases since the beginning of the third quarter of 2017, and a decrease in customer traffic of 0.5%. Restaurant sales also reflected the acquisition of 38 restaurants and the opening of 15 new restaurants since the beginning of the third quarter of 2017.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, comparable restaurant sales increased 4.2% due to an increase in average check of 4.0% and an increase in customer traffic of 0.2%. The effect in the first nine months of 2018 from menu price increases taken since the beginning of 2017 was approximately 2.8%. Restaurant sales also increased due to the 98 restaurants acquired since the beginning of 2017 which added $71.2 million of restaurant sales.
Operating Costs and Expenses (percentages stated as a percentage of total restaurant sales). The following table sets forth, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017, selected operating results as a percentage of total restaurant sales:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Costs and expenses (all restaurants):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
27.6
%
 
28.7
%
 
27.2
%
 
27.9
%
Restaurant wages and related expenses
32.1
%
 
32.1
%
 
32.5
%
 
32.4
%
Restaurant rent expense
6.8
%
 
6.9
%
 
6.9
%
 
7.0
%
Other restaurant operating expenses
15.3
%
 
15.0
%
 
15.3
%
 
15.4
%
Advertising expense
4.1
%
 
4.1
%
 
4.1
%
 
4.1
%
General and administrative
5.9
%
 
5.2
%
 
5.7
%
 
5.6
%
Cost of sales decreased to 27.6% in the third quarter of 2018 from 28.7% in the third quarter of 2017 due primarily to a decrease in commodity costs (0.7%) which included a 10.2% decrease in beef costs and a decrease in pork costs compared to the prior year period, menu pricing (0.7%), higher beverage rebates (0.6%) and partially offset by higher promotional discounting (0.7%).

24


Cost of sales decreased to 27.2% in the first nine months of 2018 from 27.9% in the first nine months of 2017 as a result of higher beverage rebates (0.5%), menu pricing (0.8%) and sales mix changes (0.1%) offset in part by higher levels of promotional discounting (0.4%).
Restaurant wages and related expenses were 32.1% in the third quarter of 2018 and 2017 due primarily to higher team member wage rates offset by lower workers compensation, medical and incentive costs. In the first nine months of 2018 restaurant wages and related expenses increased to 32.5% from 32.4% in the first nine months of 2017 as leveraging of our sales growth on fixed labor costs enabled us to offset the impact from a 5.5% increase in our hourly wage rate over last year.
Other restaurant operating expenses increased to 15.3% in the third quarter of 2018 from 15.0% in the third quarter of 2017 and in the first nine months of 2018 decreased to 15.3% from 15.4% in the first nine months of 2017 due primarily to higher repair and maintenance expenses and utility costs in the third quarter while in the first nine months we were able to leverage our fixed expenses on the higher sales volumes.
Restaurant rent expense decreased to 6.8% in the third quarter of 2018 from 6.9% in the third quarter of 2017, and decreased to 6.9% in the first nine months of 2018 from 7.0% in the first nine months of 2017 due primarily to the leveraging of fixed rents on higher sales volumes.
Advertising expense was 4.1% in the third quarter of 2018 and 2017 and in the first nine months of both periods.
Restaurant-Level EBITDA. As a result of the factors discussed above, Restaurant-Level EBITDA increased $3.9 million, or 10.2%, to $41.6 million in the third quarter of 2018, and as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 14.0% in the third quarter of 2017 from 13.2% in the prior year period. Restaurant-Level EBITDA increased $16.2 million, or 15.2%, to $122.3 million in first nine months of 2018, and as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 14.0% in the first nine months of 2018 from 13.2% in the prior year period. For a reconciliation between Restaurant-Level EBITDA and income from operations see page 28.
General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses increased $2.9 million in the third quarter of 2018 to $17.6 million, and as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 5.9% from 5.2% in the third quarter of 2017. The increase in total general and administrative expenses was due primarily to additional district manager salaries related to the 2017 and 2018 acquisitions, higher administrative bonus accruals of $0.9 million, higher stock-based compensation expense of $0.8 million and higher acquisition costs of $0.3 million.
In the first nine months of 2018, general and administrative expenses increased $5.1 million to $49.8 million and, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 5.7% from 5.6% in the first nine months of 2017. The increase in total general and administrative expenses was due primarily to additional district manager salaries, higher administrative bonus accruals of $2.1 million and higher stock-based compensation expense of $2.0 million partially offset by lower acquisition costs of $0.6 million.
Adjusted EBITDA. As a result of the factors above, Adjusted EBITDA increased to $26.3 million in the third quarter of 2018 from $24.2 million in the third quarter of 2017, and, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 8.9% in the third quarter of 2018 from 8.5% in the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased to $78.0 million in the first nine months of 2018 from $65.6 million in the first nine months of 2017.
For a reconciliation between net income and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA see page 28.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense. Depreciation and amortization expense increased $0.9 million to $14.6 million in the third quarter of 2018 from $13.7 million in the third quarter of 2017 and increased to $43.4 million in the first nine months of 2018 from $40.2 million in the first nine months of 2017 due primarily to our newly constructed restaurants, ongoing remodeling initiatives and acquisition of restaurants in 2017 and 2018.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges were $0.2 million in the third quarter of 2018 and included a loss of $0.1 million associated with the sale-leaseback of a restaurant property and $0.1 million of capital expenditures at underperforming restaurants. Impairment and other lease charges were $3.4 million in the first nine months of 2018 included $0.6 million of capital expenditures at underperforming restaurants, losses of $0.7 m

25


illion associated with sale-leaseback transactions of restaurant properties and $1.9 million related to the write-off of defective product holding unit kitchen equipment that was replaced.
In the third quarter of 2017, impairment and other lease charges were $1.0 million which included $0.2 million of capital expenditures at previously impaired restaurants, $0.3 million associated with an underperforming restaurant anticipated to close in 2018 and $0.6 million of other lease charges associated with the closure of one underperforming restaurant and an acquired administrative office. Impairment and other lease charges were $2.0 million in the first nine months of 2017, which included $0.5 million of capital expenditures at previously impaired restaurants, $0.5 million of asset impairment charges at four underperforming restaurants and $0.9 million of other lease charges primarily due to four restaurants and an acquired administrative office closed during the period.
Gain on Bargain Purchase. During the first nine months of 2018, we recorded a $0.2 million gain related to our acquisition of one restaurant in the first quarter of 2018. The acquisition resulted in a bargain purchase gain because the fair value of assets acquired exceeded the total fair value of consideration paid.
Interest Expense. Interest expense was $5.9 million in both the third quarter of 2018 and 2017. In the first nine months of 2018 interest expense increased to $17.8 million from $15.8 million in the first nine months of 2017 due to additional interest from the issuance of additional $75.0 million principal amount of 8% Notes in June 2017. The weighted average interest rate on our long-term debt, excluding lease financing obligations, was 7.9% in both the third quarter and first nine months of 2018 compared to 7.9% in the third quarter of 2017 and 7.7% in the first nine months of 2017.
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes. The provision (benefit) for income taxes for both the third quarter and first nine months of 2018 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for all of 2018 of 4.5%, and for all of 2017 was estimated at (6.7)% which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. The effective tax rate is below the statutory tax rate due to the effect of fixed employment tax credits on taxable income. The income tax provision for the first nine months of 2018 and 2017 contains net discrete tax adjustments of $0.1 million and $0.9 million of tax expense, respectively.
Net Income. As a result of the above, net income for the third quarter of 2018 was $3.6 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, compared to net income in the third quarter of 2017 of $2.8 million, or $0.06 per diluted share. Net income for first nine months of 2018 was $8.3 million, or $0.18 per diluted share, compared to net income in first nine months of 2017 of $3.2 million, or $0.07 per diluted share.


26


Reconciliations of net income to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income, and income from operations to Restaurant-Level EBITDA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 are as follows (in thousands, except for per share data):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
Reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
October 1, 2017
Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
148

 
(48
)
 
346

 
608

Interest expense
5,909

 
5,937

 
17,752

 
15,767

Gain on bargain purchase

 

 
(230
)
 

Depreciation and amortization
14,555

 
13,655

 
43,426

 
40,172

EBITDA
24,223

 
22,339

 
69,591

 
59,785

Impairment and other lease charges (1)
164

 
1,039

 
3,354

 
2,002

Acquisition costs (2)
842

 
502

 
1,036

 
1,668

Other income, net (3)
(434
)
 
(383
)
 
(434
)
 
(383
)
Stock-based compensation expense
1,531

 
723

 
4,501

 
2,509

Adjusted EBITDA
$
26,326

 
$
24,220

 
$
78,048

 
$
65,581

Reconciliation of Restaurant-Level EBITDA:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
$
9,668

 
$
8,684

 
$
26,165

 
$
19,613

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative expenses
17,602

 
14,699

 
49,758

 
44,686

Depreciation and amortization
14,555

 
13,655

 
43,426

 
40,172

Impairment and other lease charges (1)
164


1,039

 
3,354

 
2,002

Other income, net (3)
(434
)

(383
)
 
(434
)
 
(354
)
Restaurant-Level EBITDA
$
41,555

 
$
37,694

 
$
122,269

 
$
106,119

Reconciliation of Adjusted net income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
3,611

 
$
2,795

 
$
8,297

 
$
3,238

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impairment and other lease charges (1)
164

 
1,039

 
3,354

 
2,002

Other income, net (3)
(434
)
 
(383
)
 
(434
)
 
(383
)
Gain on bargain purchase

 

 
(230
)
 

Acquisition costs (2)
842

 
502

 
1,036

 
1,668

Income tax effect on above adjustments (4)
(143
)
 
(440
)
 
(805
)
 
(1,249
)
Adjusted net income
$
4,040

 
$
3,513

 
$
11,218

 
$
5,276

Adjusted diluted net income per share (5)
$
0.09

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.12

(1)
Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, among other things, included a $1.9 million write-off of defective restaurant equipment that was replaced in approximately 300 restaurants. The Company has commenced litigation against the equipment supplier.
(2)
Acquisition costs include legal and professional fees incurred in connection with restaurant acquisitions and in the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017, include certain payroll and other costs associated with the wind-down of the corporate headquarters from our June 2017 acquisition, which were included in general and administrative expense.
(3)
Other income for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and October 1, 2017 each included a gain of $0.4 million related to an insurance recovery from a fire at one of its restaurants.

27


(4)
The income tax effect related to the adjustments for impairment and other lease charges, gain on bargain purchase, gain on insurance proceeds and acquisition costs during the periods presented was calculated using an effective income tax rate of 25% and 21.6% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively and 38% for the three and nine months ended October 1, 2017.
(5)
Adjusted diluted net income per share is calculated based on Adjusted net income and the dilutive weighted average common shares outstanding for the respective periods, where applicable.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We do not have significant receivables or inventory and receive trade credit based upon negotiated terms in purchasing food products and other supplies. We are able to operate with a substantial working capital deficit because:
restaurant operations are primarily conducted on a cash basis;
rapid turnover results in a limited investment in inventories; and
cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for food, supplies and payroll are paid.
On June 20, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our senior credit facility to, among other things, increase the permitted indebtedness of our 8% Notes to a principal amount not to exceed $300.0 million in order to provide for the additional $75 million of the 8% Notes issued on June 23, 2017. On January 13, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our senior credit facility to, among other things, increase the maximum revolving credit borrowings by $18.0 million to a total of $73.0 million.
Interest payments under our debt obligations, capital expenditures including our remodeling initiatives, payments of royalties and advertising to BKC and payments related to our lease obligations represent significant liquidity requirements for us, as well as any discretionary expenditures for the acquisition or development of additional Burger King restaurants. We believe our cash balances, cash generated from our operations and availability of revolving credit borrowings under our amended senior credit facility will provide sufficient cash availability to cover our anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twelve months.
Operating Activities. Net cash provided from operating activities in the first nine months of 2018 increased to $67.8 million from $56.6 million in the first nine months of 2017 due primarily due to an increase in Adjusted EBITDA of $12.5 million.
Investing Activities. Net cash used for investing activities in the first nine months of 2018 and 2017 was $78.8 million and $77.9 million, respectively. In the first nine months of 2018 we acquired 34 restaurants in three transactions for a total cash purchase price of $27.6 million, purchased two existing restaurants for $2.1 million for future sale-leaseback, received net proceeds of $4.5 million from three sale-leaseback transactions, and received $0.6 million of proceeds from an insurance recovery related to a fire at one of our restaurants in 2018.
The first nine months of 2017 included our acquisition of 60 restaurants in two separate transactions for a total cash purchase price of $36.6 million and the purchase of certain restaurant properties to be sold in sale-leaseback transactions of $1.4 million. Investing activities in the first nine months of 2017 also included $4.3 million of proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions were and $0.5 million of insurance proceeds of related to a fire at one of our restaurants in 2017.
Capital expenditures are a large component of our investing activities and include: (1) new restaurant development, which may include the purchase of real estate; (2) restaurant remodeling, which includes the renovation or rebuilding of the interior and exterior of our existing restaurants including expenditures associated with our franchise agreement renewals and certain restaurants that we acquire; (3) other restaurant capital expenditures, which include capital maintenance expenditures for the ongoing reinvestment and enhancement of our restaurants, and from time to time, to support BKC’s initiatives; and (4) corporate and restaurant information systems, including expenditures for our point-of-sale systems for restaurants that we acquire.

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The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the periods presented (in thousands of dollars):
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
New restaurant development
 
$
17,753

Restaurant remodeling
 
21,505

Other restaurant capital expenditures
 
12,328

Corporate and restaurant information systems
 
2,661

Total capital expenditures
 
$
54,247

Nine Months Ended October 1, 2017
 
 
New restaurant development
 
$
3,726

Restaurant remodeling
 
23,036

Other restaurant capital expenditures
 
13,613

Corporate and restaurant information systems
 
4,285

Total capital expenditures
 
$
44,660

Financing Activities. Net cash provided from financing activities in the first nine months of 2018 was $1.2 million resulting from $2.7 million of proceeds from a lease financing obligation net of $1.3 million of principal payments on capital leases. The lease financing obligation resulted from the sale-leaseback of a property that was under construction and has been reclassified to an operating lease upon the completion of construction in the third quarter of 2018. Net cash provided from financing activities in the first nine months of 2017 was $63.2 million due primarily to proceeds of $79.9 million from the issuance of the additional $75.0 million of principal amount of 8% Notes, at a premium, in June 2017 offset by the net repayment of revolving credit borrowings of $13.5 million and principal payments on capital leases of $1.2 million.
8% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes. The $275 million principal amount of 8% Notes mature on May 1, 2022. Interest is payable semi-annually on May 1 and November 1. The 8% Notes are guaranteed by our material subsidiaries and are secured by second-priority liens on substantially all of our and our subsidiaries' assets (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of our subsidiaries).
The 8% Notes are redeemable at our option in whole or in part at any time after May 1, 2018 at a price of 104% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed before May 1, 2019, 102% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed after May 1, 2019 but before May 1, 2020 and 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, if redeemed after May 1, 2020.
The 8% Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed, unconditionally and in full by our subsidiaries which are directly or indirectly 100% owned by us. Separate condensed consolidating information is not included because Carrols Restaurant Group is a holding company that has no independent assets or operations. There are no significant restrictions on our ability or any of the guarantor subsidiaries' ability to obtain funds from its respective subsidiaries. All consolidated amounts in our financial statements are representative of the combined guarantors.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes includes certain covenants, including limitations and restrictions on our and our subsidiaries who are guarantors under such indenture to, among other things: incur indebtedness or issue preferred stock; incur liens; pay dividends or make distributions in respect of capital stock or make certain other restricted payments or investments; sell assets; agree to payment restrictions affecting certain subsidiaries; enter into transaction with affiliates; or merge, consolidate or sell substantially all of our assets.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes and the security agreement provide that any capital stock and equity interests of any of our subsidiaries will be excluded from the collateral to the extent that the par value, book value or market value of such capital stock or equity interests exceeds 20% of the aggregate principal amount of the 8% Notes then outstanding.
The indenture governing the 8% Notes contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the 8% Notes and the indenture governing the 8% Notes if there is a default under any of our indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount of $20.0 million

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or more which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
Senior Credit Facility. On May 30, 2012, we entered into a senior credit facility, which was most recently amended on June 20, 2017 to increase the permitted indebtedness of our second lien notes to a principal amount not to exceed $300.0 million in order to provide for the additional $75 million principal amount of the 8% Notes issued on June 23, 2017. Previously, on January 13, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our senior credit facility to, among other things, increase maximum revolving credit borrowings to $73.0 million (including $20.0 million available for letters of credit). The amended senior credit facility also provides for potential incremental borrowing increases of up to $25.0 million, in the aggregate. As of September 30, 2018, there were no revolving credit borrowings outstanding and $12.0 million of letters of credit were issued under the senior credit facility. After reserving for issued letters of credit, $61.0 million was available for revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility at September 30, 2018.
Borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum, at our option, of:
(i) the Alternate Base Rate plus the applicable margin of 1.75% to 2.75% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio, or
(ii) the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin of 2.75% to 3.75% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio (all terms as defined under the senior credit facility).
At September 30, 2018 our LIBOR Rate margin was 2.75% and the Alternate Base Rate margin was 1.75% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio at the end of the second quarter of 2018.
Our obligations under the senior credit facility are jointly and severally guaranteed by our subsidiaries and are secured by first priority liens on substantially all of our assets, including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of our subsidiaries.
Under the amended senior credit facility, we are required to make mandatory prepayments of borrowings in the event of dispositions of assets, debt issuances and insurance and condemnation proceeds (all subject to certain exceptions).
The amended senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including without limitation, those limiting our and our subsidiaries' ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the character of its business in all material respects, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments, make certain restricted payments or pay dividends. In addition, the amended senior credit facility requires us to meet certain financial ratios, including a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, Adjusted Leverage Ratio and First Lien Leverage Ratio (all as defined under the amended senior credit facility). We were in compliance with the financial covenants under our senior credit facility at September 30, 2018.
The amended senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including that the lenders may terminate their obligation to advance and may declare the unpaid balance of borrowings, or any part thereof, immediately due and payable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of customary defaults which include, without limitation, payment default, covenant defaults, bankruptcy type defaults, cross-defaults on other indebtedness, judgments or upon the occurrence of a change of control.
Contractual Obligations
A table of our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2017 was included in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. There have been no significant changes to our contractual obligations during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements other than our operating leases, which are primarily for our restaurant properties and not recorded on our consolidated balance sheet.

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Inflation
The inflationary factors that have historically affected our results of operations include increases in food and paper costs, labor and other operating expenses, the cost of providing medical and prescription drug insurance to our employees and energy costs. Wages paid in our restaurants are impacted by changes in the Federal and state hourly minimum wage rates and the Fair Labor Standards Act. Accordingly, changes in the Federal and state hourly minimum wage rates and increases in the wage level to not be considered an hourly employee will directly affect our labor costs. We typically attempt to offset the effect of inflation, at least in part, through periodic menu price increases and various cost reduction programs. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to offset such inflationary cost increases in the future.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparing consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by the application of our accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in the “Significant Accounting Policies” footnote in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. Critical accounting estimates are those that require application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. There have been no material changes affecting our critical accounting policies previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
Forward Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements which constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Statements that are predictive in nature or that depend upon or refer to future events or conditions are forward-looking statements. These statements are often identified by the words “may”, “might", “will”, “should”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “expect”, “intend”, “estimate”, “hope”, “plan” or similar expressions. In addition, expressions of our strategies, intentions or plans are also forward looking statements. These statements reflect management’s current views with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of their date. There are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements, many of which are beyond our control. Investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those projected or implied in the forward-looking statements. We have identified significant factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those stated or implied in the forward-looking statements. We believe important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations include the following, in addition to other risks and uncertainties discussed herein and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017:
Effectiveness of the Burger King® advertising programs and the overall success of the Burger King brand;
Increases in food costs and other commodity costs;
Competitive conditions, including pricing pressures, couponing, aggressive marketing and the potential impact of competitors new unit openings on sales of our restaurants;
Our ability to integrate any restaurants we acquire;
Regulatory factors;
Environmental conditions and regulations;
General economic conditions, particularly in the retail sector;
Weather conditions;

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Fuel prices;
Significant disruptions in service or supply by any of our suppliers or distributors;
Changes in consumer perception of dietary health and food safety;
Labor and employment benefit costs, including the effects of minimum wage increases, health care reform and changes in the Fair Labor Standards Act;
The outcome of pending or future legal claims or proceedings;
Our ability to manage our growth and successfully implement our business strategy;
Our inability to service our indebtedness;
Our borrowing costs and credit ratings, which may be influenced by the credit ratings of our competitors;
The availability and terms of necessary or desirable financing or refinancing and other related risks and uncertainties; and
Factors that affect the restaurant industry generally, including recalls if products become adulterated or misbranded, liability if our products cause injury, ingredient disclosure and labeling laws and regulations, reports of cases of food borne illnesses such as "mad cow" disease, and the possibility that consumers could lose confidence in the safety and quality of certain food products, as well as negative publicity regarding food quality, illness, injury or other health concerns.

ITEM 3—QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There were no material changes from the information presented in Item 7A included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2017 with respect to our market risk sensitive instruments.
A 1% change in interest rates would have resulted in a nominal change to interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and a $0.1 million change to interest expense for the nine months ended October 1, 2017 due to the issuance of additional $75.0 million principal amount of 8% Notes at a premium and interest on our revolving credit borrowings prior to repayment in June 2017.
ITEM 4—CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our senior management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d – 15(e) under the Exchange Act), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. We have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as well as other key members of our management. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2018.
No change occurred in our internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter of 2018 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are a party to various litigation matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. We do not believe that the outcome of any of these other matters meet the disclosure or recognition standards, nor will they have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Part I-Item 1A of Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 describes important factors that could materially adversely affect our business, consolidated financial condition or results of operations or cause our operating results to differ materially from those indicated or suggested by forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q or presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable
Item 5. Other Information
None
Item 6. Exhibits
(a)The following exhibits are filed as part of this report.
Exhibit No.
 
 
31.1
 
31.2
 
32.1
 
32.2
 
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
 
 
Date: November 8, 2018
/s/ Daniel T. Accordino
 
(Signature)
 
Daniel T. Accordino
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
Date: November 8, 2018
/s/ Paul R. Flanders
 
(Signature)
 
Paul R. Flanders
Vice President – Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

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