10-K 1 tdc-20231231.htm 10-K tdc-20231231
000081676112/312023FYfalse0P1YP1Yhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#RevenueFromContractWithCustomerExcludingAssessedTax39700008167612023-01-012023-12-3100008167612023-06-30iso4217:USD00008167612024-01-31xbrli:shares0000816761tdc:SubscriptionSoftwareLicenseRecurringMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionSoftwareLicenseRecurringMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionSoftwareLicenseRecurringMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:ServicesAndOtherRecurringMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ServicesAndOtherRecurringMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:ServicesAndOtherRecurringMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:ProductAndServiceRecurringMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ProductAndServiceRecurringMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:ProductAndServiceRecurringMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingServicesMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingServicesMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingServicesMember2021-01-012021-12-3100008167612022-01-012022-12-3100008167612021-01-012021-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00008167612023-12-3100008167612022-12-3100008167612021-12-3100008167612020-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310000816761srt:MinimumMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:MaximumMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:EquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:EquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:CustomerRentalEquipmentMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2021-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2020-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:InternalUseSoftwareMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-12-31xbrli:pure00008167612023-10-012023-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembersrt:AmericasMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembersrt:AmericasMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembersrt:AmericasMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:ConsultingRevenueMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:ConsultingRevenueMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMembertdc:ConsultingRevenueMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMemberus-gaap:EMEAMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:EMEAMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:EMEAMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:EMEAMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:SubscriptionsRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:PerpetualSoftwareLicensesHardwareAndOtherMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:ConsultingRevenueMembertdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2021-01-012021-12-3100008167612024-01-012023-12-3100008167612025-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMember2022-12-310000816761srt:AmericasMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:EMEAMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:EMEAMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:AsiaPacificJapanMember2023-12-31tdc:reporting_unit0000816761us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:AcquiredIntangibleAssetsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:AcquiredIntangibleAssetsMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:UnitedStatesAndCertainForeignJurisdictionsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ResearchMemberus-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:A2023StockIncentivePlanMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:NewEmployeeStockInducementPlanMember2023-12-310000816761srt:MinimumMembertdc:ServiceBasedAwardsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:MinimumMembertdc:PerformanceBasedAwardsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761srt:MaximumMembertdc:PerformanceBasedAwardsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:ServiceBasedSharesMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:PerformanceBasedSharesMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:EmployeeStockPuchaseProgramMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:EmployeeStockPuchaseProgramMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:EmployeeStockPuchaseProgramMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:EmployeeStockPuchaseProgramMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:OtherAssetMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:OtherAssetMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMember2021-12-310000816761tdc:InsuranceContractMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:UnitedStatesSavingsPlanCostMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:UnitedStatesSavingsPlanCostMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:UnitedStatesSavingsPlanCostMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:InternationalSubsidiarySavingsPlanCostMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:InternationalSubsidiarySavingsPlanCostMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:InternationalSubsidiarySavingsPlanCostMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2022-06-30iso4217:EUR0000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2018-06-012018-06-300000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2018-06-300000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-06-282022-06-280000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-06-280000816761us-gaap:MediumTermNotesMembertdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-280000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-12-3100008167612019-07-012019-07-31tdc:patent00008167612020-08-312020-08-310000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-06-012022-06-300000816761us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-06-300000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2022-06-012022-06-300000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:MediumTermNotesMembertdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-282022-06-280000816761us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembertdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-282022-06-280000816761us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembertdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-280000816761tdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2022-06-280000816761tdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:BridgeLoanMember2022-06-280000816761tdc:RevolvingCreditFacilityEndingInJune2023Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2018-12-310000816761us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembertdc:SeniorUnsecuredTermLoanIssuedJune2018Member2018-12-310000816761tdc:RevolvingCreditFacilityEndingInJune2023Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-06-282022-06-280000816761tdc:CreditAgreementIssuedInJune2022Memberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2022-06-282022-06-28tdc:renewal0000816761tdc:RevolvingCreditFacilityEndingInJune2023Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-12-310000816761tdc:RevolvingCreditFacilityEndingInJune2023Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:TermLoanMembertdc:SeniorUnsecuredTermLoanIssuedJune2018Member2023-12-310000816761tdc:TermLoanMembertdc:SeniorUnsecuredTermLoanIssuedJune2018Member2022-12-310000816761tdc:TermLoanMember2023-12-310000816761srt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000816761srt:MaximumMember2023-12-31tdc:segment0000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:AmericasSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:AmericasSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:AmericasSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:EMEASegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:EMEASegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:EMEASegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:APJSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:APJSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembertdc:APJSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761country:US2023-01-012023-12-310000816761country:US2022-01-012022-12-310000816761country:US2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:NorthAmericaAndLatinAmericaRegionExcludingUnitedStatesMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761tdc:NorthAmericaAndLatinAmericaRegionExcludingUnitedStatesMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761tdc:NorthAmericaAndLatinAmericaRegionExcludingUnitedStatesMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761country:US2023-12-310000816761country:US2022-12-310000816761tdc:NorthAmericaAndLatinAmericaRegionExcludingUnitedStatesMember2023-12-310000816761tdc:NorthAmericaAndLatinAmericaRegionExcludingUnitedStatesMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761tdc:TimothyCKChouMember2023-10-012023-12-310000816761tdc:TimothyCKChouMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-01-012021-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-12-310000816761us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-01-012021-12-31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 001-33458
TERADATA CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 75-3236470
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
17095 Via Del Campo
San Diego, California 92127

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (866548-8348
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:Trading SymbolName of Each Exchange on which Registered:
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueTDCNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15 (d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerý  Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer¨  Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. Yes      No  ¨




If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.                    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No  ý
The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2023, was approximately $5.4 billion.
At January 31, 2024, there were 97.4 million shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III:Portions of the registrant’s Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Proxy Statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after registrant’s fiscal year end of December 31, 2023 are incorporated herein by reference.





TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
ItemDescriptionPage
1.
1A.
1B.
1C.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
7A.
8.
9.
9A.
9B.
9C.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
This report contains trademarks, service marks, and registered marks of Teradata Corporation and its subsidiaries, and other companies, as indicated.
3

PART I
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Forward-looking statements in our public filings or other public statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements or other public statements. These forward-looking statements were based on various facts and were derived utilizing numerous important assumptions and other important factors, and changes in such facts, assumptions or factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include the information concerning our expected future financial and reporting performance, business strategy and trends, projected plans and objectives, liquidity, financial guidance, capital allocation, including share repurchase plans, and market conditions. Statements preceded by, followed by or that otherwise include the words "believe," "expects," "anticipates," "intend," "project," "estimate," "plan," "increase," "fluctuate," "strive," "looking ahead," "outlook," "guidance," "forecast," "continue," "likely," "potential," "drive," and similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "will," "should," "would," "may" and "could" are generally forward-looking in nature and not historical facts. You should understand that the factors described under "Risk Factors" and the following important factors could affect our future results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements:
Our ability to timely and effectively execute our strategy, including our initiatives to provide and enhance our offerings for on-premises and cloud environments and market acceptance of our cloud platform and artificial intelligence ("AI") capabilities;
Our ability to rapidly and successfully develop and introduce new solutions that include highly advanced technology, and the increased difficulty and complexity associated with producing new offerings with greater capacity, delivery and performance capabilities, which may increase the likelihood of reliability, quality and operability issues;
The rapidly changing and intensely competitive nature of the information technology ("IT") industry and the analytic data platform business, including the ongoing consolidation activity, new and emerging technologies and competitors, including for AI and machine learning ("ML"), and pressure on achieving continued price/performance gains for analytic data product offerings and solutions;
Fluctuations in our operating results, timing of transactions, customer cancellations or non-renewals of subscription arrangements or support services, unanticipated delays or accelerations in our sales cycles and the difficulty of accurately estimating revenues;
Risks associated with data privacy, cyberattacks and maintaining secure and effective products for our customers, as well as, internal IT and control systems;
The impact of global economic fluctuations on the markets in general or on the ability of our suppliers and customers to meet their commitments to us, or the timing of purchases by our current and potential customers, including the potential impacts of catastrophic events, epidemics, pandemics, inflation, recessions, and/or labor availability on global economies; and
Risks inherent in operating in foreign countries, including the impact of foreign currency fluctuations, foreign currency controls, economic, political, legal, regulatory, compliance, cultural, public health, and other conditions abroad.
Other factors not identified above, including the risk factors described in the section entitled "Risk Factors" included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Annual Report"), may also cause actual results to differ materially from those projected by our forward-looking statements. Most of these factors are difficult to anticipate and are generally beyond our reasonable control. We undertake no obligation to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements, to report events or to report the occurrence of unanticipated events.


4

Item 1. BUSINESS
Overview. At Teradata Corporation ("we," "us," "Teradata," or the "Company"), we believe that people thrive when empowered with trusted information. We are focused on helping organizations improve business performance, enrich customer experiences, and integrate data across the enterprise. As such, we strive to innovate and deliver trusted solutions for their toughest data and analytics challenges. That is why we built our open and connected cloud analytics and data platform for artificial intelligence ("AI"). With our Teradata Vantage platform, underpinned by our extensive patented workload management optimization, we are well positioned to help enterprises solve business problems and deliver business breakthroughs with its capabilities to provide harmonized data, trusted AI, and faster innovation.
Harmonized data: We strive to empower our customers to make more confident decisions with integrated data using our cloud-native platform that is designed to be efficient, flexible, and secure.
Trusted AI: We believe that our platform provides our customers with powerful, open, and connected analytics that perform with speed and deliver better insights.
Faster innovation: Our Teradata Vantage platform is designed to fuel our customer’s growth opportunities with AI/ML innovation that's cost-effectively operationalized at scale.
As a result, we believe that we empower our customers - and our customers' customers - to make better, more confident decisions, engage in faster innovation, and drive positive impact within the enterprise.
Our Complete Analytics and Data Platform
Teradata Vantage is our open and connected platform that is designed to allow organizations to leverage all their data across an enterprise, whether in public or private clouds, in a multi-cloud environment, or on-premises, and at the scale. Teradata Vantage comprises deployment options that are designed to address the full span of analytics and data needs while providing optimized total cost of ownership and financial governance:
Teradata VantageCloud: Our flexible, connected, and modern cloud platform and includes Teradata VantageCloud Lake, which is built on our cloud-native lake architecture, and Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise for managed enterprise workloads.
Teradata VantageCore: Our on-premises data and analytics offering, which seamlessly integrates with our cloud offerings to enable hybrid environments that many large enterprises currently demand.
Key capabilities of Teradata Vantage across all deployments are:
ClearScape Analytics™: ClearScape Analytics provides the analytics capabilities of our Vantage platform and is designed to be a secure, highly concurrent, and resilient analytics offering that provides robust in-database analytics functionality across advanced calculations and data preparation to enable end-to-end AI and machine learning ("ML") capabilities. We believe that our ClearScape Analytics capabilities provide the analytics enterprises need to improve business performance and drive profitable growth. ClearScape Analytics is available across all of our Vantage deployment options.
Query Grid: Query Grid is our "data fabric" is a data integration and management layer included with our Teradata Vantage offering. QueryGrid serves as the connective tissue in multi-cloud and between cloud, and on-premises environments. This technology innovation is designed to reduce data silos, as it brings data together and enables consistent data access across the ecosystem, so that users can query data regardless of where it lies. With our data fabric, we enable analytics and data integration across public clouds for a multi-cloud experience that large enterprises are investing in to leverage diverse capabilities across multiple ecosystems and mitigate risk. As AI is deployed across the enterprise, our data fabric is designed to provide our customers with the analytic capabilities to deliver trusted data, that is secure and well governed, while controlling costs.




5

Our Cloud Transformation
Across Teradata, we are executing to advance in our transformation as a leading cloud analytics and data platform. Teradata is recognized by industry analysts as offering a cloud analytics and data platform with next-generation, cloud-native deployment and expansive analytics capabilities. Whether their first move into the cloud or moving from other vendors, we help companies smoothly move to the cloud, offering a fast path to cloud modernization with our extensive cloud migration capabilities.
Our 2023 Innovations
During 2023, we delivered several innovations and executed transactions that we believe position Teradata to lead in trusted AI, including:
Teradata VantageCloud Lake: We made Teradata VantageCloud Lake available on both Amazon Web Services ("AWS") and Microsoft Azure, and expect to have it available on Google Cloud in 2024.
Stemma Technologies Acquisition: With a focus on AI-enhanced data search and exploration, we expect this acquisition to broaden Teradata’s capacity to provide analytics value from discovery through delivery. Stemma’s automated data catalog capabilities is expected to help Teradata deliver an enhanced user experience and accelerate growth in AI/ML analytics, including through AI Unlimited.
Teradata ask.ai: Teradata ask.ai is our generative AI capability for VantageCloud Lake. This natural language interface is designed to allow users to ask questions of their company’s data and receive instant responses from VantageCloud Lake.
ModelOps: Teradata included new ModelOps capabilities in ClearScape Analytics, which is intended to provide no-code capabilities to enable customers to quickly scale AI and advanced analytics with enterprise governance.
Teradata AI Unlimited: We launched Teradata AI Unlimited, our AI and ML experience in the cloud. AI Unlimited can enable customers to drive faster, easier, and more cost-effective AI innovation. It is designed to provide access to vast amounts of data, flexibility, and the ability to cost-effectively and securely explore, experiment and operationalize new AI use cases, at scale. Further, we announced that Teradata AI Unlimited will be natively integrated with Microsoft's AI-powered platform, Microsoft Fabric.
Integration with both Microsoft Azure Machine Learning ("Azure ML") and Google Vertex AI: Already available on Amazon Sagemaker, the integrations of Teradata VantageCloud and ClearScape Analytics with Microsoft Azure ML and Google Cloud's Vertex AI are designed to operationalize AI/ML models with the scalability and performance of ClearScape Analytics. These integrations are designed to enable companies to access the full value of their data, put AI models into production, and to scale those models across the organization.
Dataiku AI Models in ClearScape Analytics: Teradata launched new ClearScape Analytics capabilities that are designed to allow customers the ability to import and operationalize Dataiku AI models inside the Vantage platform. The combination of Dataiku and ClearScape Analytics is intended to empower customers to accelerate digital transformations and deliver AI-led business value.
Dell Technologies ("Dell") Integration: We further deepened our relationship with Dell by co-engineering and bringing together our companies’ best-of-breed technologies, as we integrated Teradata Vantage with Dell’s converged infrastructure. As a result, we are jointly offering private cloud solutions that are designed to give the flexibility of the cloud with the control and security of on-premises environment.

Market Dynamics with AI Focus
Our target market focuses on organizations that are large-scale users of data. As data volumes grow exponentially along with increasing sources of data, organizations are expected to increasingly move to cloud-based analytic and data technologies. With companies pivoting to cloud-based environments, we believe it is essential for these enterprises to be able to integrate ecosystems across multi-cloud and on-premises environments, simplify access to trusted data wherever it resides, and accommodate analytics at massive scale and speed to derive significant business value. We believe that Teradata addresses the full spectrum of analytics needs and varying cloud adoption strategies—from cloud-only to multi-cloud to hybrid and on-premises.


6

Generative AI is ushering in new frontiers of creativity, productivity, and innovation. We believe that we can help enterprises accelerate AI value, including by:
Managing uncontrolled data growth: AI requires volumes of high-quality data. We deliver AI capabilities for our customers by providing a platform that is designed to integrate and harmonize data across the organization.
Building a flexible, open, and connected ecosystem: Teradata’s Vantage architecture is designed to provide a flexible, open, and connected ecosystem to allow companies freedom to use their preferred tools and technologies with public or custom large language models ("LLM") to produce generative AI.
Providing secure, trusted, and cost-effective AI: Teradata’s Vantage platform is designed to deliver a secure environment, while controlling costs.

Our customers use Teradata technologies and innovations in leveraging data to solve their business challenges and drive business outcomes, which can include, among other things:
AI/ML,
digital identity management,
financial visibility,
resilient supply chains,
fraud prevention,
customer acquisition, experience and retention,
regulatory compliance, and
operational resilience.
Our Consulting Services and Third-Party Relationships
Our experienced consultants offer a broad range of services, including helping organizations establish a data and analytics vision, enabling a modern, multi-cloud ecosystem architecture, and identifying and operationalizing opportunities to ensure their data and analytics ecosystem investments deliver significant value. Our support and maintenance services are designed to provide an optimal experience with Teradata and our managed services offerings are designed to provide an enhanced experience to our customers by helping their analytic environments operate efficiently. We also work closely with the top global systems integrators to accelerate innovation, enable digital transformation and maximize customer value from their Teradata technologies.
Our Subscription Options
Teradata offers subscription offerings that are flexibly priced ranging from capacity-based to consumption-based pricing. These flexible pricing options are designed to enable our customers to reduce complexity, risk, and cost and expand their analytics and data capabilities to fit their data and budget needs.
Our Segments
For the calendar year ended December 31, 2023, we had total revenues of $1.833 billion, of which approximately 59% was derived from the Americas region (North America and Latin America) and 41% from the EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) and APJ regions (Asia Pacific and Japan). For financial information about our segments and geographic information, see "Note 14-Segment, Other Supplemental Information and Concentrations" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report.
History. Teradata was incorporated in 1979 as a Delaware corporation. Teradata became a publicly traded company named Teradata Corporation (NYSE: TDC) on September 30, 2007.
Industry and Market Opportunity. As companies face mounting data demands, along with the need to extract value from this data, we believe that our opportunity to grow in the multi-billion dollar data management and analytics market will continue. Industry analysts forecast that the data management and analytics market will grow at a double-digit rate year-over-year for the next few years and it is expected that the market opportunity will continue to expand with the anticipated rapid and global adoption of AI. We believe that, in addition to companies facing significant ongoing increases in data volumes and proliferation of data silos, there will also be an increasing expectation that this data be trusted, secured, and democratized. Furthermore, the agility provided by cloud-based
7

technologies can bring significant benefits, yet also creates complexity, particularly with the increased need that data and analytics ecosystems span multiple environments. These factors all contribute to the increased complexity, cost, and risk associated with managing data and analytic environments, as well as the rapidly emerging desire of customers to create and deliver value from AI. This is particularly true for our target market of global enterprise companies, and we believe that these companies require well integrated solutions that can accommodate significant agility, scale and speed. We are focused on supporting our on-premises customers and helping new and existing customers migrate to the cloud, upgrade from VantageCloud Enterprise to VantageCloud Lake, expand workloads in the cloud, grow platform adoption and software utilization, and demonstrate the capabilities we have for AI.
Our Strategy. We continue to focus on our strategy of providing the most complete cloud analytics and data platform for AI. We are continuing to execute our transformation to be "cloud-first" across all parts of our business, as we consistently drive for profitable growth. In this regard, our strategic growth objectives are to:

further strengthen our cloud analytics and data platform, with Teradata VantageCloud Lake and ClearScape Analytics;
help our customers create enterprise value with harmonized data, trusted AI, and faster innovation;
enable end-to-end business outcomes through a seamless user experience;
accelerate our cloud-first strategy by supporting our customers on their cloud migration journeys;
expand customer footprints by increasing consumption and onboarding new workloads in existing and new business buying centers;
expand our product capabilities through deeper integration with cloud ecosystems;
focus on partner enablement to drive solution adoption and execution on our Vantage platform;
deepen relationships with strategic public cloud service providers, systems integrators, independent software vendors, and resellers;
expand our go-to-market reach by onboarding new customers, making vertical investments, enhancing customer success programs, and strengthening our partner relationships; and
deliver operational excellence through efficient cost management and execution.
AI requires significant high-quality data to create value, as such integrating and harmonizing data across the organization is crucial. Our analytics and data offering is designed to be scalable, secure, highly concurrent and resilient in order to help companies solve complex data challenges at scale. We provide a data management solution that enables enterprises to support their data and analytic ecosystems, enable consistent data across business units, and easily grow and scale. Furthermore, as demand shifts to the cloud, we provide enterprise customers with the flexibility to address their hybrid and multi-cloud data and analytics needs, empowering operational, ad-hoc analytic and mixed workloads, whether in the cloud or on-premises.
We believe we are differentiated by providing our analytics and data platform offering across a secure, multi-cloud ecosystem. Our differentiated approach spans deployments in the top public cloud service provider platforms of AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud, as well as private cloud platform instances, on-premises, and hybrid environments.
As customers increasingly grow their cloud-based analytic ecosystems, our strategy supports existing customers on that journey with a fast path to migration that is enabled through a data fabric that connects all environments, as well as data and workload migration tools and services.
We also believe that we offer a competitive and compelling total cost of ownership by building out best-in-class capabilities that are designed to provide an easy experience for ingestion, exploration, development, consumption and operationalization of data and analytics. With a focus on delivering an outstanding user experience and an ability to start small and easily scale in the cloud, we are attracting new customers, migrating existing customers to the cloud with Teradata VantageCloud, and seeing customers expand their Teradata cloud environments.
Our strategy is further supported by our commitment to be a responsible corporate citizen. We believe it is our responsibility to make a positive impact on and support important issues, such as addressing the climate crisis and environmental sustainability, responsible use of AI, promoting diversity, equity and inclusion, supporting communities where we live and work, protecting data privacy, and acting ethically in everything we do.
Customers. Teradata concentrates our marketing and go-to-market efforts on companies that are seeking to improve business performance and view data as a strategic asset in achieving that objective. We focus on business, analytics, and technology buyers and users. Our platform differentiates Teradata in industries with high-data
8

requirements, including Financial Services, Government, Healthcare and Life Sciences, Manufacturing, Retail, Telecommunications, and Travel/Transportation. We believe that these industries provide a good fit for our analytic solutions and services as they typically have the greatest analytic potential with large and growing data volumes, as well as complex data management requirements, and large and varied groups of users. We currently do not have any customer that represents 10% or more of our total revenue.
Seasonality. Historically, our new contract bookings and renewals are seasonal, in line with customer spending patterns, with lower volume typically in the first quarter and higher volume generally in the fourth quarter of each calendar year. Such seasonality causes our working capital cash flow requirements to vary from quarter to quarter depending on the variability in the volume, timing of invoices and subsequent collection, and mix of platform sales. Historically, cash provided by operating activities is higher in the first half of the year due to collections of the higher receivable balances at December 31 driven by the higher contract bookings in the fourth quarter and receipts from annual renewals of our maintenance support agreements. In addition, contract bookings in the third month of each quarter have historically been significantly higher than in the first and second months, with the majority occurring in the last quarter of our fiscal year. In addition, the size and complexity of our sales transactions have resulted in, and we expect will continue to result in, lengthy sales cycles with multiple levels of customer approvals which can also lead to less predictability of the timing of quarterly transactions. These factors, among others as more fully described in Item 1A, Risk Factors, in this Annual Report, make forecasting more difficult and may adversely affect our ability to accurately predict financial results.
We have transitioned the majority of our customers from perpetual to subscription-based purchasing options. As a result, our revenue from sales is recurring which generally increases the predictability of our revenue and the durability of our cash flows in the future. The majority of our customer contracts are based on a blended pricing model which provides a fixed capacity but also offers the customer optional consumption for times when they experience increased activity.
Sales, Marketing, Customer Services and Partners
Sales and Marketing. We primarily sell and market our solutions and services through a direct sales force. We have more than 80% of our employees in customer-facing and/or revenue-driving roles (including sales, marketing, consulting, customer services, and product engineering).
We support our sales force with marketing and training programs that are designed to:
grow awareness of Teradata as a hybrid multi-cloud leader, highlighting our technology leadership and innovation, differentiation, cloud, and analytics and AI expertise;
lead customers on their migration to the cloud with the benefits of multi-cloud and hybrid cloud capabilities, and then help them easily expand their environment when needed;
create demand for, and adoption and expanded use of, our technologies, including Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise, Teradata VantageCloud Lake, ClearScape Analytics, and Teradata AI Unlimited, as well as related services; and
educate and enable the sales force with the skills and knowledge to deliver our value proposition.
Our brand messaging is intended to highlight Teradata’s role as a leader in AI, analytics, and cloud data and on our strength as a leading connected multi-cloud data platform for enterprise analytics. To support our growth objectives, we employ a broad range of modern marketing strategies, including programs designed to inform, educate and generate demand with customers and prospects. These strategies include our global website, digital marketing, demos and trials of our software, webinars, conferences and events, public and media relations, social media, a customer reference program, and targeted account-based marketing.
Customer Services. Our global customer services organization is dedicated to creating and sustaining an optimal customer experience and working with our customers to help them achieve the best use and outcomes for the data that they produce in our Vantage platform so they are empowered with the full potential of Teradata’s data analytics solutions. Our global customer services organization is comprised of cloud operations, customer support, customer experience, consulting and managed services, and customer education. Our customer services organization supports our cloud-first strategy by facilitating a customer’s migration to the VantageCloud platform and managing the day-to-day operations of a customer’s VantageCloud environment. This organization focuses on delivering business value throughout the customer journey, enabling innovative use of the Vantage platform, extracting additional efficiencies, and maximizing customer impact and satisfaction—which are designed to retain customers and drive greater consumption of our technology.
9

Strategic Partnerships. We seek to extend our sales and marketing reach by partnering with cloud service providers, alliance partners (including independent software vendors, open-source software distributors, and resellers), leading global and regional systems integrators, consultants, and universities that we believe complement our differentiated offerings. Strategic partnerships are a key element in our ability to leverage the value and expand the scope of our data and analytics platform offering in the marketplace.
Cloud Service Providers: Teradata has established partnerships with the top three global public cloud service providers: AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud. We work to continuously strengthen these strategic partnerships so that Teradata can provide companies around the world access to Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise and VantageCloud Lake.
Alliance Partners: Teradata has a focus on working collaboratively with independent software vendors in several areas, including AI/ML and large language models ("LLMs"), tools, data and application integration solutions, data mining, analytics, business intelligence, and specific analytic and industry solutions. Our goal is to provide choices to our customers with partner offerings that are optimized and certified to work with the Teradata Vantage platform to deliver end-to-end analytic and data solutions and to provide comprehensive capabilities that support the customer’s business goals and work within their analytic ecosystem.
Systems Integrators and Consultants: We work with a range of systems integrators and consultants who engage in the design, implementation, and integration of analytic solutions for our joint customers. Our strategic partnerships with select global and regional consulting and systems integration firms provide broad industry and technology expertise in the design of business solutions that leverage Teradata technologies to enable enterprise analytics.
Competition. We compete in a large and growing data management and analytics market that is attractive to both current and new competitors. There is a large number of vendors in the analytics and data market and the market landscape of vendors is rapidly increasing with the introduction and increasing traction of cloud and AI. Participants include AWS, Databricks, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure, Snowflake, and more; the competitive market also comprises traditional legacy competitors. We believe our focus on AI, hybrid and multi-cloud ecosystem simplification, providing solutions for the most scalable and complex workloads, and providing products designed to achieve desired business outcomes of our customers, enables us to successfully compete within our target market. We believe that our technology innovations of the Teradata Vantage platform, including Teradata VantageCore, Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise, Teradata VantageCloud Lake, ClearScape Analytics, and Teradata AI Unlimited are highly differentiated, deliver scale and integration, and are positioned to provide business value to our customers. Furthermore, we provide our customers with the opportunity to de-risk their buying decisions with the ability to deploy across the top public clouds, private cloud and on-premises, coupled with flexibility in purchasing and portable licensing. For more information on competition, see Item 1A, Risk Factors, in this Annual Report.
We believe that the principal competitive factors for our products and services include: data and analytics experience; business outcome delivery; hybrid multi-cloud offerings and experience; total cost of ownership; customer references; technology leadership; product quality; performance, scalability, availability, integrity, security, and manageability; partner relationships; support and consulting services capabilities; management of technologies in a complex analytical ecosystem; delivery of a platform and tools that are designed to provide AI for our customers; and industry knowledge.
Research and Development ("R&D"). We remain focused on designing and developing our analytics and data platform that anticipates our customers' evolving needs and supports solving their complex business challenges. Our teams are extending Teradata technologies and innovations for the Teradata Vantage platform, including Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise, Teradata VantageCloud Lake, ClearScape Analytics, and Teradata AI Unlimited in order to have consistent and differentiated capabilities that meet the demands of todays’ multi-cloud and hybrid ecosystems. We have delivered significant innovations such as VantageCloud Lake. With extensive in-database functionality, seamless and expedited interconnectivity, and robust features for easy operationalization, ClearScape Analytics is designed to enable companies to scale AI/ML quicker and more effectively. Aligning to the growing AI-enabled world, we acquired Stemma Technologies to enhance data search and exploration.
With a focus on creating a truly open and connected platform, we continue to build a deep integration with cloud data and analytic ecosystems, including advanced analytics and AI/ML tools. Furthermore, with our strong partnerships, our R&D team is extending our platform to enable deeper integration with a broader range of solution and service providers.
10

Our extensive and talented R&D workforce is one of our core strengths. Our R&D team is globally dispersed to take advantage of global engineering talent. We anticipate that we will continue to have significant R&D expenditures, which may include complementary strategic acquisitions, to help support the flow of innovative, high-quality cloud-based data and analytic offerings.
Intellectual Property and Technology. We own 594 patents in the United States. We are also the exclusive licensee of four additional patents in the United States and counterpart patents in foreign countries. Many of the patents that we own are licensed to others, and we are licensed to use certain patents owned by others. While our portfolio of patents and patent applications in aggregate is of significant value to our Company, we do not believe that any individual patent is by itself of material importance to our business.
In addition, we own copyrights and trade secrets in our code base that comprises all of the Teradata software offerings, including analytic data platforms and analytic applications and capabilities. Teradata’s software offerings reflect the investment of hundreds of person-years of development work.
The source code versions of our offerings are protected as trade secrets and, in all major markets, as unpublished copyright works. We take great efforts to protect our rights in all software offerings and related intellectual property; however, there can be no assurance that these measures will be successful. The Company owns the Teradata® word and logo trademarks, which are registered in the United States and in many foreign countries, as well as other trade names, service marks, and trademarks.
Sources of Materials. Our hardware components are assembled and configured by Flex Ltd. ("Flex"). Our platform line is designed to leverage the components from manufacturers that we believe are industry leaders. Our data storage devices and memory components utilize industry-standard technologies but are selected and configured to work optimally with our software and hardware platform. Flex also procures a wide variety of components used in the assembly process on our behalf. Although many of these components are available from multiple sources, Teradata utilizes preferred supplier relationships to better ensure more consistent quality, cost and delivery. Typically, these preferred suppliers maintain alternative processes and/or facilities to ensure business continuity of supply. Given our strategy to outsource product assembly activities to Flex and to source certain components from single suppliers, a disruption in production at Flex or at a supplier, a global shortage of components, commodity, transportation, and/or inflationary pressures could impact the timing or profitability of customer shipments. In addition, a significant change in the forecasts to any of these preferred suppliers could result in purchase obligations for components that may be in excess of demand. Although we have not experienced issues from inflationary challenges or otherwise, the current inflation environment could present potential supply chain uncertainty, and we have implemented programs to mitigate these potential risks. For more information, see Item 1A, Risk Factors in this Annual Report.
Human Capital
Teradata operates with a fully flexible work environment, empowering employees to make decisions about where and how they can be most productive. Our global workforce is located in approximately 40 countries, and our corporate headquarters are in San Diego, California.
Teradata’s people objectives are to attract, retain, develop, and nurture the most innovative, curious, and skilled talent available. Along with our fully flexible work environment, we offer competitive pay and comprehensive health and wellness benefits and programs designed to help our people thrive.
As of December 31, 2023, we had approximately 6,500 employees globally, with approximately 30% employed in the United States and 70% across the rest of the world. Our global workforce is critical to our overall business strategy across target markets. During fiscal 2023, our overall headcount decreased somewhat as we continue to align and optimize our talent needs to drive our cloud-first and profitable growth strategy.
Culture and Engagement. At Teradata, we believe that people thrive when empowered with trusted information. We have designed our culture to be the guiding force behind our ability to deliver on that purpose. We empower our people to live our core principles: customer and market driven, agility in execution, and accountability to each other. We strive to cultivate a trusted environment where every individual feels not only valued, but truly empowered to thrive.
Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion. Teradata’s core strength is our people. We believe that we have built a workplace where everyone can bring their authentic selves to work.
11

Diversity, equity, and inclusion ("DEI") is an important focus across many of our people and culture initiatives. Examples include:
A DEI Advisory Board, designed to support our DEI mission.
Many resources and tools to help our employees engage within culturally- and geographically-dispersed work teams to enable a culture of growth, learning, and collaboration.
Our Inclusion Communities, which are networks of employees who unite based on shared characteristics, life experiences, or common interests. These communities are designed to provide support, networking and enhanced career and personal development. Our Inclusion Communities include Teradata Alliance of Black Employees, Blend (a community for employees in India), Veterans, Teradata Pride, HISPA (a community for Hispanic and Latin employees), Women of Teradata, Green Agenda, and Asian and Pacific Islander. All our Inclusion Communities encourage membership from allies.
Diversity in Technology Scholarship, a program for STEM-related degrees in support of the communities where we operate and live.
A score of 100 out of 100 in the Human Rights Campaign Corporate Equality Index ("CEI"), a benchmarking survey and report that measures corporate policies and practices related to LGBTQ+ equality. 2023 marked our second time earning a score of 100.
Health, Safety, and Wellness. We are committed to the health, safety, and wellness of our employees and their families. We provide flexible and inclusive programs that cater to diverse needs of well-being.
Compensation and Benefits. Our compensation and benefits reflect our commitment to fairness and inclusion. We have robust compensation and benefit programs designed to attract and retain talent and meet the varied and evolving needs of a global and diverse workforce. In addition to our competitive base pay, these programs (which vary by country/region) include sales incentives, annual bonuses, stock awards, an Employee Stock Purchase Plan, a 401(k) Savings Plan with a company match, healthcare and insurance benefits, paid time off, family leave, and paid parental leave. As an example of our commitment to DEI, we ensure that all of our benefits provide coverage for domestic partners.
Talent Development. Teradata is committed to supporting the professional development of our employees by providing resources and pathways for growth. Over the last several years, we have evolved our talent practices to facilitate frequent conversations between managers and employees on performance and development. We have launched on-demand learning resources, such as LinkedIn Learning and Country Navigator, which give employees flexibility in when and how they learn. We also provide facilitated learning opportunities to help build specific capabilities and skills, such as Basics of Communication, Emotional Intelligence, Influence, and Time Management. Our executive and leadership development programs are designed to empower individuals to lead at every level.
Community Engagement. We believe that building connections between our employees, their families, and our communities creates a more meaningful, fulfilling, and enjoyable workplace. We support local STEM education programs to ensure emerging leaders in our communities have opportunities to explore their interests. Our Teradata Cares program empowers our employees to make a positive difference where we live and work through volunteerism and giving. We support our employees’ giving and volunteer efforts by providing matching donations for employee contributions to qualified not-for-profit agencies, project grants, Annual Days of Caring, and supporting communities where we have employee populations. To further enable employees to support the charity of their choice, we afford every employee four days a year, during normal working hours, for volunteer efforts of their choice.
Properties and Facilities. Our corporate headquarters is located in San Diego, California. As of December 31, 2023, we operated 44 facilities in 30 countries throughout the world. We own our San Diego complex, while all other facilities are leased.
12

Information About Our Executive Officers. The following table and biographies sets forth information as of February 23, 2024 regarding the individuals who are serving as our executive officers.
NameAgePosition(s)
Stephen McMillan53President and Chief Executive Officer
Hillary Ashton52Chief Product Officer
Claire Bramley46Chief Financial Officer
Todd Cione54Chief Revenue Officer
Kathleen Cullen-Cote59Chief People Officer
Michael Hutchinson58Chief Customer Officer
Margaret Treese57Chief Legal Officer
Jacqueline Woods62Chief Marketing Officer
Stephen McMillan. Stephen McMillan is the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer and has served in this role since joining the Company in June 2020. Mr. McMillan has served on the Company’s Board of Directors since June 2020. Previously, he served as the Executive Vice President of Global Services for F5 Networks, Inc., a transnational company that specializes in application services and application delivery networking, from October 2017 when he joined F5 until May 2020. Prior to joining F5, from September 2015 until October 2017, he was Senior Vice President, Customer Success and Managed Cloud Services at Oracle Corporation, a global software and services company, where he was responsible for developing, overseeing, and expanding a customer success organization focused on the company’s strategic SaaS portfolio. From May 2012 to September 2015, he served as Senior Vice President, Managed Cloud Services at Oracle.
Hillary Ashton. Hillary Ashton is the Company’s Chief Product Officer and has served in this role since August 2020. Prior to that, Ms. Ashton served as the Executive Vice President of Teradata Products from November 2019, when she joined the Company, until August 2020. Prior to joining Teradata, she served as Executive Vice President and General Manager Augmented Reality, at PTC Inc., a global computer software and services company, from July 2018 until November 2019. In this role, she was responsible for all operational aspects of the Vuforia business and its product lines, including executive leadership and vision, strategy, sales, and marketing. From 2014 to 2018, she served as SVP of Analytics SaaS solutions at Manthan, a cloud analytics company for consumer-facing businesses.
Claire Bramley. Claire Bramley is the Company's Chief Financial Officer and has served in this role since joining Teradata in June 2021. She served as the Global Controller for HP Inc., a multinational information technology company, from December 2018 until June 2021. From June 2015 until December 2018, she served as HP's Regional Head for Finance for EMEA, and from January 2013 to May 2015, she served as Vice President, Corporate Financial Planning and Analysis at HP. Ms. Bramley also serves on the Board of Directors of Ansys, Inc.
Todd Cione. Todd Cione is the Company’s Chief Revenue Officer and has served in this role since joining Teradata in January 2021. Mr. Cione served as the Head of U.S. Enterprise Accounts for Apple, Inc., a multinational technology company, from the time he joined the company in July 2017 until December 2020. Prior to joining Apple, from 2016 until 2017, he was Senior Vice President, Oracle Digital, North America Applications, at Oracle Corporation, a global software and services company.
Kathleen Cullen-Cote. Kathleen Cullen-Cote is the Company’s Chief People Officer and has served in this role since joining Teradata in July 2019. Prior to joining Teradata, Ms. Cullen-Cote served in human resource leadership roles at PTC Inc., a global computer software and services company, from 2002 to June 2019, including Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer from April 2019 to July 2019; Corporate Vice President, Human Resources from 2012 until March 2019; Senior Vice President, Human Resources, from December 2010 to 2012; and Vice President, Human Resources, from October 2009 until December 2010.

13

Michael Hutchinson. Michael Hutchinson is the Company's Chief Customer Officer and has served in this role since January 2022. Previously, from June 2021 when he joined the Company until December 2022, he served as Senior Vice President World-Wide Customer Success, Consulting and Renewals. Prior to joining Teradata, Mr. Hutchinson served as the Senior Vice President and Chief Customer Officer at Verint Systems Inc., a customer engagement solutions provider, from August 2020 to May 2021 and as its Senior Vice President, Global Professional Services and Support from April 2018 until August 2020. From 1990-2018, he held several positions with Oracle Corporation , a global software and services company, most recently as the Group Vice President, North America Customer Success from December 2015 to March 2018.
Margaret Treese. Margaret Treese is the Company’s Chief Legal Officer and has served in this role since November 2020. Previously, from 2018 until January 2020, she served as Teradata’s Deputy General Counsel and Secretary. From 2007 until 2018, she served as the Chief Corporate and Governance Counsel and Assistant Secretary and was named Corporate Secretary of Teradata in 2018.
Jacqueline Woods. Jacqueline Woods is the Company's Chief Marketing Officer and has served in this role since joining Teradata in December 2021. Previously, she served as the Global Chief Marketing and Communications Officer for NeilsenIQ, a consumer intelligence company, from 2019 until November 2021. Prior to that, Ms. Woods was with IBM Corporation, a global technology company, serving as the company's Chief Marketing Officer of IBM Global Partner Ecosystem Division from 2017 until 2019 and, Chief Marketing Officer of IBM Global Financing from 2015 until 2017. Ms. Woods also serves on the Board of Directors of Winnebago Industries, Inc.
There are no family relationships between any of the executive officers or directors of Teradata.
There are no contractual obligations regarding the election of our executive officers or directors.
Information. Teradata makes available through its website, free of charge, its Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to such reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are electronically filed or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act"). These reports and other information are available, free of charge, at www.sec.gov. Teradata will furnish, without charge to a security holder upon written request, the Notice of Meeting and Proxy Statement for the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Teradata will furnish the Code of Conduct and any other exhibit at cost (the Code of Conduct is also available through Teradata’s website at http://www.teradata.com/about-us/corporate-governance/code-of-conduct/). Document requests are available by calling or writing to:
Teradata - Investor Relations
17095 Via Del Campo
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone: 858-485-2088
Website: www.teradata.com

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS
You should carefully consider each of the following risk factors and all other information set forth in this Annual Report. Based on the information currently known to us, we believe that the following information identifies the most significant risk factors affecting our company in each of these categories of risks. However, the risks and uncertainties our Company faces are not limited to those set forth in the risk factors described below. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business.
In addition, past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods.
If any of the following risks and uncertainties develops into actual events or occurrences, these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline.
14

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND OPERATIONS
Our failure to successfully execute our cloud-first strategy and achieve the anticipated benefits of our business transformation, which includes successfully developing, launching, and scaling cloud-based products and product enhancements and/or enabling our data platform to operate effectively in cloud environments, including those of our cloud service provider partners, could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, business, brand and reputation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
The successful implementation of our cloud-first strategy coupled with the continued execution of our business transformation presents organizational and infrastructure challenges. We may not be able to implement, execute and realize some or all of the anticipated benefits from our strategy or our business transformation plan on a timely basis, or at all. Even if the anticipated benefits and savings are substantially realized, there may be unforeseen consequences, internal control issues, or business impacts.
A core component of our business strategy is to expand and enhance our product offerings, particularly for analytic solutions in a cloud-based environment with cloud service providers, to include newer market-relevant features, functionality, and cloud native options, including AI/ML, and to keep pace with price-to-performance gains. In this regard, we have launched our Teradata VantageCloud Lake and Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise components of our Teradata Vantage platform, have focused on migrating our customers from on-premises environments to the cloud and upgrading our customers from our VantageCloud Enterprise environment to our VantageCloud Lake environment, and consistently released additional capabilities and new cloud platforms throughout 2023, and we expect that we will continue to enhance our cloud offerings in the future. In addition, we are focused on expanding our customer's workloads in both our on-premises and cloud platforms. Shortened product life cycles due to customer demands and competitive pressures impact the pace at which we must introduce and implement new technology as part of our product offerings. This requires a high-level anticipation of customer needs and technology trends, as well as innovation by both our software developers and the suppliers of the third-party software components included in our solutions. Bringing new offerings to the market entails a costly and, at times, lengthy process, may increase our risk of liability and cause us to incur significant technical, legal or other costs. Furthermore, as we migrate our customers from on-premises environments to the cloud, upgrade customers from VantageCloud Enterprise to VantageCloud Lake, and expand our customer's workloads we may incur unexpected costs or delays. New cloud offerings, migrations, expansions, upgrades, and deployment models that we rollout may not be successful and we may not be able to develop the necessary business models, infrastructure and systems to support and scale the business as our business evolves. This includes acquiring, retaining and developing the right people to execute our business strategy in a competitive job market. In addition, market acceptance of new product and service offerings will be dependent in part on our ability to include functionality and usability that address customer requirements, and to optimally price our offerings and services to meet customer demand and cover our costs. Our go-to-market, cloud, and multi-cloud strategies also must adjust to customers' changing buying preferences, and there can be no assurance that our go-to-market approach will adequately and completely address such preferences.
As part of our business strategy, we also continue to dedicate a significant amount of resources to our R&D efforts in order to maintain and advance our competitive position, including our initiatives to provide and improve our offerings for cloud environments and to enable our data platform to operate effectively in cloud environments. However, we may not receive significant revenues from these investments for several years, if at all. R&D expenses represent a significant portion of our discretionary fixed costs.
We may not successfully execute on our vision or strategy because of challenges we may face, including with regard to product planning and timing, technical hurdles that we fail to overcome in a timely fashion, cloud service provider costs or other requirements, or a lack of appropriate resources. If we are unable to successfully execute on our cloud-first strategy and/or continue to respond to market demands, develop leading technologies, timely deliver offerings to the market, timely scale our cloud business to achieve gross margins comparable or better than our on-premises business, continue successful migrations for our customers, and maintain our leadership in analytic data solutions performance and scalability, our competitive position, business, brand and reputation, financial condition, guidance, and forecasts, results of operations, and cash flows may be adversely affected.
Unanticipated delays or accelerations in our sales cycles makes accurate estimation of our revenues difficult and have resulted in, and could in the future result in, significant fluctuations in our quarterly operating results and could impact any financial guidance and forecasts that we may provide.
15

The length of our sales cycle varies depending on several factors over which we may have little or no control, including the size and complexity of a potential transaction, whether a sale involves a cloud offering, the level of competition that we encounter in our selling activities, and our current and potential customers’ internal budgeting and approval process, as well as overall macro-economic conditions. In addition, our account team has had difficulty in the past obtaining and assessing information as to whether a transaction is proceeding as planned or if a longer sales cycle will be required, and such difficulty may continue in the future. Because of a generally long sales cycle, we may expend significant effort over a long period of time in an attempt to obtain an order, but ultimately not complete the sale, or the order ultimately received may be smaller than anticipated. The long sales cycle for our products also makes it difficult to predict the quarter in which sales will occur. For instance, in the fourth quarter of 2023, we experienced elongated sales cycles resulting in Teradata’s Public Cloud ARR for the 2023 fiscal year falling below the 2023 Public Cloud ARR guidance range that had previously been provided. Delays in sales have caused, and could in the future cause, significant variability in our results for any particular period and have impacted, and could in the future impact, any financial guidance and forecasts that we may provide.
We may experience variability in our operating results based on the purchasing behavior of our customers.
Our business has substantially shifted from a traditional, perpetual pricing and revenue model to a subscription-based model in which less revenue is recognized upfront at the time the customer enters into a transaction. The pace and extent to which customers will continue to purchase, consume and renew our offerings on a subscription basis is variable and, therefore, has impacts on our results and operations. In addition, we have flexible pricing options for our cloud customers, including consumption-unit based, "pay as you go" pricing. Under such a pricing model, we generally recognize revenue based on consumption. To the extent that customers opt for such a flexible pricing model, we may not be able to accurately forecast the timing of customer consumption of our offerings. As a result, our actual results may differ from our projections. Furthermore, our on-premises subscription arrangements may provide the customers with the right to cancel our agreement upon certain notice periods, which we may change in the future. Such arrangements may impact the timing of revenue recognition for these customers and result in fluctuations in our quarterly operating results.
As we develop new offerings with enhanced capacity, delivery and performance capabilities, the increased difficulty and complexity associated with producing these offerings may increase the likelihood of reliability, quality, operability, and/or security issues.
From time to time, errors or security flaws are identified in our offerings, which in certain cases are discovered after the offerings are introduced and delivered to customers. This risk is enhanced when offerings are first introduced or when new versions are released. In particular, when we develop offerings with more advanced technology, the production of such offerings involve increased difficulty and complexity and as a result may increase the likelihood of reliability, quality, operability, and/or security issues with such offerings. Our products and services may also fail to perform to the full specifications and expectations of our customers, including as part of transitioning customers to the cloud, in particular those that involve customer and/or third-party dependencies. Additionally, third-party components that we integrate into our solutions can have undetected quality issues that can impact the performance of our offerings. We may not be able to detect or remedy all errors, including those that may be deemed critical by our customers, prior to release or deployment.
Such reliability, quality, operability, and security issues may negatively impact our ability to retain current customers, including due to customer cancellations or non-renewals, as well as our ability to obtain new customers and could expose us to liability, performance and warranty claims, as well as harm our brand and reputation. These and other risks associated with new offerings may have a material adverse impact on our results of operations and future performance.
A cybersecurity incident, disruption, or failure of our information systems or those of our third-party providers could adversely impact our reputation, business, and financial results.
Our operations are critically dependent on the security of our computer systems, the computer systems of our key suppliers and third parties, and the information stored in such systems. We face risks from, among other things, natural disasters (such as earthquakes and fires), technological threats (such as cyber-attacks, power outages, and telecommunications failures), and human actions (such as unauthorized access or exploitations, insider actions, phishing schemes, and other events). Increasingly, companies are subject to a wide variety of attacks on their networks on an ongoing basis. Incidences of cyberattacks and other cybersecurity breaches and incidents have
16

increased and are likely to continue to increase. The occurrence of one or more of these events could result in data loss, system outages, and other interruptions in our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Despite robust data security measures and skilled computer programmers, nation state sponsored cyber attackers (including from countries such as Iran, China, Russia and certain Eastern European nations) and hackers may be able to penetrate our network security or that of our third-party providers and misappropriate or compromise our intellectual property or other confidential information or that of our customers, create system disruptions or cause shutdowns. They may also be able to develop and deploy viruses, worms, and other malicious software programs that attack our systems or products or otherwise exploit security vulnerabilities of our systems or products. In addition, phishing-scheme-perpetrators may be able to lure employees or contractors into providing such perpetrators with information that may enable them to avoid some of our network security controls or those of third-party providers which could result in system disruptions or a loss of confidential and proprietary information.
While immaterial in impact, we have been subject to actual and threatened cyber-attacks, and there can be no assurance that our defensive measures will be adequate to prevent them in the future. From time to time we discover vulnerabilities in our software products, and while we routinely perform regular system updates and patches to our various information systems and our products to address such vulnerabilities, our security measures may not be able to detect and address each vulnerability, which if exploited by threat actors, can result in a cyber incident with material impact to our business, financial condition and results of operations. When such attacks occur, we could incur significant liability to our customers whose information was compromised, and our product platform may be perceived as less desirable, which could negatively affect our business and damage our reputation. Further, because we do not control our third-party service providers, or the processing of data by our third-party service providers, we cannot ensure the integrity or security of measures they take to protect customer information and prevent data loss. These types of activities will recur and persist, one or more of them may be successful in the future, and one or more of them may have been or will be successful but not detected, prevented, remediated or mitigated by us, and the costs to us to eliminate, detect, prevent, remediate, mitigate or alleviate cyber security or security vulnerabilities could be significant, and our efforts to address these problems may not be successful and could adversely impact our future results of operations. If as a result of these events, the information stored on our or our customers’ systems could be accessed, publicly disclosed, altered, lost or stolen, they can subject us to additional liability and cause us financial harm. In addition, our disclosures concerning security incidents may become the subject of litigation, and cause us, especially in the event of an adverse court ruling, additional financial strain and reputational harm. While we take and will continue to take remediation steps, there is no guarantee that our preventative and mitigation actions with respect to any cybersecurity incident will fully eliminate the risk of a malicious compromise of our, our third-party service providers’ or our customers’ systems.
Additionally, we offer the ability for our employees to choose a remote work location which introduces additional security challenges. The increase in endpoints to manage and reliance on employees to adhere to information security policies and hygiene practices, heightens the vulnerability of our systems to security breaches.
While we maintain insurance coverage for certain liabilities related to cyber-attacks and/or data breaches, such coverage may not adequately cover all costs, expenses, liability and damages that we or our customers may incur as a result of such incidents.
The transition to cloud-based software-as-a-service (SaaS) and cloud solutions has increased our exposure to information security risks related to the protection of sensitive information processed through these solutions and any unauthorized access to or use of such systems could adversely impact our results of operation, reputation, and relationships with our customers.
Prior to our transition to a subscription-based business, our customers generally purchased or leased on-premises hardware systems used in connection with our software solutions, which our customers deployed and operated. With respect to these types of customer on-premises solutions, the customer, directly or through its selected services providers, has full control over its data security. Our ongoing transition from traditional on-premises hardware systems to cloud-based SaaS offerings has altered our information security risk landscape. Cloud-based SaaS offerings generally require us to deploy or operate solutions for our customers, directly or through the use of third-party services providers, either on-premises at customer-selected data center facilities, or at third-party-hosted data
17

center facilities. As a result, more responsibility for data security has been transferred to us and our third-party service providers. Furthermore, in cloud environments, we are exposed to additional security risks (such as compromised credentials, hijacked accounts, data breaches due to misconfigured cloud storage, inadequate security practices by third-party providers, and vulnerabilities in shared technology) and bear greater responsibility for securing data against unauthorized access, data breaches, and other cyber threats. This responsibility extends not only to our infrastructure but also to third-party cloud service providers we engage. The transition to cloud-based SaaS and cloud solutions has increased our exposure to risks related to the protection of sensitive information processed through these solutions and the need to obtain various security certifications for our Vantage Cloud platforms, such as the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program ("FedRAMP®"), to remain competitive in certain industries. The distributed nature of cloud computing can also complicate data governance and compliance with various global data protection regulations. If unauthorized access to or use of such information or systems occurs, despite data security measures and third-party commitments to protect them, our results of operation, reputation, and relationships with our customers could be adversely impacted. Even the perception of inadequate security, including as a result of delays or failure to obtain necessary security certifications, may damage our reputation and negatively impact our ability to win new customers and retain existing customers, consequently adversely impacting our financial performance and condition.
If our existing customers fail to renew, or cancel, their subscription license arrangements or support agreements, or if customers do not renew on terms favorable to us, our business could be adversely affected.
Teradata’s platform offerings have been expanded to include a variety of subscription options, which impact the timing of when revenues are recognized and related cash flows are collected. The IT industry generally has been experiencing increasing pricing pressure from customers when purchasing or renewing support agreements. In addition, we are in a transformation to a cloud-first company. As our on-premises customers migrate all or a portion of their data analytics solutions to a cloud-based environment, some customers have selected a cloud-based offering of one of our competitors and existing customers may do so in the future. As a result, such customers have cancelled all or a portion of their arrangements with us and may continue to do so in the future. While customer cancellations we have had to date have not been material to our business, they could become material in the future. Mergers and acquisitions in certain industries that we serve could result in a reduction of the software and hardware being supported and put pressure on our subscription and support terms with customers who have merged. Given these factors, there can be no assurance that our current customers will migrate from on-premises to the cloud with Teradata, renew their subscription and/or support agreements, or agree to the same terms when they renew, which could result in our reducing or losing subscription and/or support fees which could adversely impact operating results.
Our future results depend in part on our relationships with strategic partners, key suppliers, and other third parties.
Our development, marketing, and distribution plans depend in part on our ability to form strategic alliances with third parties that have complementary offerings, software, services, and skills. Our strategic partners include cloud service providers, consultants and system integrators, software and technology providers, hardware support service providers, and indirect channel distributors in certain countries. These relationships involve risks, including our partners changing their business focus, entering strategic alliances with other companies, being acquired, including by our competitors, failing to meet regulatory requirements, data privacy or other laws, or performance criteria, improperly using our confidential information, exposing our data and/or customer information through the transfer of data to the cloud or otherwise or through other security breaches, or their market reputation deteriorating. If we fail to maintain or expand our relationships with strategic partners or if we are forced to seek alternative technology or technology for new solutions that may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, our business may be adversely affected.
As part of our cloud-first strategy, the growth of our business is dependent primarily on our relationships with public cloud service providers, Amazon Web Services ("AWS"), Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure. Our strategic partnerships with these cloud service providers for our cloud offerings on their platforms require significant investments to ensure that our solutions are optimized in these cloud environments. In addition, there are geographies in which we operate that utilize alternative, local cloud-platform service providers where AWS, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure are inaccessible or not available. The cloud service providers maintain relationships
18

with certain of our competitors, and our competitors may in the future establish relationships with additional competing cloud data platform providers. Furthermore, cloud service providers do and may in the future provide platforms that compete with VantageCloud and VantageCloud Lake. Any of these cloud service providers may decide to modify or terminate our business relationship, change the terms of any agreement or pricing terms that we have with them, or may otherwise enter into preferred relationships with one or more competing cloud data platform providers. If we are unsuccessful in meeting performance requirements or obtaining future returns on these investments, or if we are otherwise unable to maintain adequate relationships with any of these cloud service providers, our financial results may be adversely impacted.
Third-party vendors provide important elements to our solutions; if we do not maintain our relationships with these vendors or if these vendors cease to be going concerns, interruptions in the supply of our offerings may result. There are some components of our solutions that we purchase from single sources due to price, quality, technology or other reasons. For example, we rely on Flex as a key single source contract manufacturer for our on-premises hardware systems. In addition, we buy servers from Dell Technologies Inc. and storage disk systems from NetApp, Inc. Some components supplied by third parties may be critical to our solutions, and several of our suppliers may terminate their agreements with us without cause with 180-days' notice. In addition, we rely on certain vendors for hardware support services and parts supply. If we were unable to purchase necessary services, parts, components or offerings from a particular vendor and had to find an alternative supplier, our shipments and deliveries could be delayed. Also, quality issues, commodity, transportation, wage, or other inflationary pressures, a disruption in our supply chain or the need to find alternative suppliers could impact the costs and/or timing associated with procuring necessary offerings, components and services. In any case, our operations could be adversely impacted. Similarly, our suppliers’ offerings and services have certain dependencies with respect to their own supply chain networks, and supply and/or inflation issues among our suppliers may also adversely impact our business.
Demand for the offerings and services we sell could decline if we fail to maintain positive brand perception and recognition.
In 2023, Teradata introduced a new brand identity. With this brand we strive to be modern, innovative, and reflective of our vision for the future. Our updated brand is designed to highlight Teradata’s role as a leader in AI, analytics, and cloud data. We believe that recognition and the reputation of our brand is key to our success, including our ability to retain existing customers and attract new customers. While we leverage our decades of experience in data analytics and database management services, we believe we have evolved to provide the modern offerings customers need. These include the cloud-native architecture of Teradata VantageCloud Lake, the end-to-end pipeline of AI/ML capabilities in ClearScape Analytics, and our AI and ML engine in the cloud that delivers a completely self-service and serverless experience of Teradata AI Unlimited. The failure for the market to recognize our new brand or misperceptions in the market regarding our cloud, AI, or other capabilities could negatively impact our ability to upgrade existing on-premises customers to our cloud-based solutions or from VantageCloud Enterprise to VantageCloud Lake, drive expansion/consumption growth, and/or acquire new customers for our on-premises and cloud businesses. In addition, damage to the reputation of our brands could result in, among other things, customer cancellations or non-renewals, lower employee retention and productivity, vendor relationship issues, and investor and other stakeholder scrutiny, all of which could materially affect our revenue and profitability.
Increases in the cost of components used in our product, and/or increases in our other costs of doing business, have, and could continue to, adversely affect our profit margins.
Our cloud offerings are dependent on cloud service providers and require significant investments to ensure that our solutions are optimized in these cloud environments. In addition, our profit margins are currently adversely impacted by the price we pay for cloud services and will continue to do so until we effectively scale our cloud business.
Our hardware components are assembled and configured by Flex. Flex also procures a wide variety of components used in the assembly process on our behalf. Although many of these components are available from multiple sources, we utilize preferred supplier relationships to better ensure more consistent quality, cost and delivery. Components used in our products require commodities as part of their manufacturing. In addition, we have a global employee population. As such, increased costs and/or commodity and other inflation, and/or increased tariffs on certain items imported from foreign countries have affected our profit margins and could continue to result in declines in our profit margins. Historically, we have mitigated certain cost increases, in part, by increasing prices on
19

some of our products and collaborating with suppliers, in particular Flex, reviewing alternative sourcing options, and engaging in internal cost reduction efforts, all as appropriate. However, we may not be able to fully offset increased costs. Further, if any price increases we adopt are not accepted by our customers and the market, our net sales, profit margins, earnings, and market share could be adversely affected.
Challenges with the design and implementation of our new enterprise resource planning ("ERP") system could adversely impact our business and operations.
We are executing a multi-year initiative to transform and modernize our ERP system. The ERP system is designed to accurately maintain the Company’s financial records, enhance operational functionality, and provide timely information to the Company’s management team related to the operation of the business. The implementation of the new ERP system requires an investment in financial and personnel resources, including substantial expenditures for outside consultants and system expenses in connection with the transformation of our financial and operating processes. While the ERP system is intended to further improve and enhance our information management systems, the ongoing implementation of this new ERP system exposes us to integration complexities and challenges with our existing systems and processes, including the possible disruption of our financial reporting. If we failed to properly design our ERP system or are unable to successfully implement the new ERP system as planned, we may experience increased expenditure and the diversion of personnel resources which could adversely affect our internal control over financial reporting, business operations and financial condition.
Any disruption, including as a result of natural disasters or climate change, at or near any of our facilities or other operations or those of our customers, vendors, data warehouses, distribution channels, and public cloud service providers could adversely affect our business.
Disruptions could occur as a result of supply chain challenges; decreases in work force availability; natural resources availability; natural disasters; inclement weather, including as exacerbated by global climate change; man-made disasters; or other external events, such as terrorist acts or acts of war, pandemics and/or epidemics, boycotts and sanctions, widespread criminal activities, or protests and/or social unrest, or other events, at or in proximity to any of our facilities or those of our customers, vendors, data warehouses, distribution channels, and public cloud service providers. Such events and disruptions could make it difficult or impossible to deliver products and services to our customers or perform critical business functions and could adversely affect our business.
Our headquarters and data centers are located in California, a region with a history of seismic activity and wildfires and an extreme risk of drought, flooding, and vulnerability to future water scarcity. As such, we could experience disruptions as a result of natural disasters and/or extreme weather conditions, including sea-level rise, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, typhoons, drought, and fire, that could impact our business and operations. Such events could pose physical risks to our facilities and data warehouses, result in power outages and shortages, and/or result in failures of global critical infrastructure, telecommunication and security systems, natural resource availability, such as energy and water sources, employees’ ability to work, availability of supply chain and logistics, and the additional costs to maintain or resume operations such as costs to repair damages to our facilities, equipment, infrastructure, and business relationships, each of which could negatively impact our business and operations. Furthermore, environmental regulations are increasing in their frequency of issuance and applicability to our company, particularly due to our operations in California and the European Union. Such regulations may result in changes in the demand for resources that could adversely impact the availability or cost of goods and services, including natural resources necessary to run our business.
The world economy, including our business, realized significant disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic. The occurrence of future global pandemics and/or regional epidemics may disrupt our business in the future. The extent to which our business may be affected in the future is highly uncertain and cannot be predicted as it would be dependent on factors such the duration and scope of the pandemic; governmental, business, and individuals' actions in response to the pandemic; and the impact on economic activity such as financial market instability.
Failure to successfully complete reorganization activities in connection with our transformation activities or otherwise could negatively affect our operations.
We have completed reorganization efforts in connection with our business transformation and we may continue to complete reorganization activity in furtherance of our strategy. In addition, from time to time, we may wind down certain business activities and/or facilities, cease doing business in certain geographic areas, and/or perform other organizational reorganization projects in an effort to reduce costs and optimize operations. For example, in 2022, we ceased our operations in Russia to comply with sanctions imposed as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and in
20

2023 we ceased our direct operations in China. Reorganization activities involve risks as they may divert management's attention from our core businesses, increase expenses on a short‑term basis or reduce revenues. We may also experience a loss of continuity, loss of accumulated knowledge, or loss of efficiency during such transitional periods, all of which may negatively impact our business, financial condition, operating results, and cash flows.
Our business is affected by the global economies in which we operate and the economic climate of the industries we serve.
Our business and results of operations are affected by international, national and regional economic conditions. In particular, the IT industry in which we operate is susceptible to significant changes in the strength of the economy and the financial health of companies and governmental entities that make spending commitments for new technologies. Accordingly, adverse global economic, inflationary, recessionary, and market conditions, including in certain economic sectors in which many of our customers operate (such as retail, manufacturing, financial services or government), may adversely impact our business. For example, adverse changes to the economy could impact the timing of purchases by our current and potential customers or the ability of our customers to fulfill their obligations to us. In addition, decreased or more closely scrutinized spending in our customers’ businesses and in the industries we serve, may adversely impact our business. Uncertainty about future economic conditions may make it difficult for us to forecast operating results and to make decisions about future investments. In addition, our inability or failure to quickly respond to inflation and the resulting buying behaviors of our customers could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition. Our success in periods of economic uncertainty may also be dependent, in part, on our ability to reduce costs in response to changes in demand, inflation or other activity.
Generating substantial revenues from our international operations poses several risks.
In 2023, the percentage of our total revenues from outside of the United States was 47%. We have exposure to more than 30 functional currencies. The risks associated with the geographic scope of our business operations include, among other things the following:
Cultural, management, and staffing challenges associated with operating in countries around the world, including developing countries;
Realignment of our international strategy and organization structure;
The imposition of additional and/or different country laws, governmental controls and regulations;
The ever-changing macro-economic and geo-political (including local conflicts and wars) environments we operate in;
Longer payment cycles for sales in certain foreign countries and difficulties in enforcing contracts and collecting accounts receivable;
Fluctuations in the value of local currencies and foreign currency controls in various jurisdictions where we operate, including Argentina;
Tariffs or other restrictions on foreign trade or investment;
Foreign trade policy changes, trade regulations, and/or disputes may adversely affect sales of our solutions and services and may result in longer sales cycles;
The imposition of sanctions against a country, company, person or entity with whom we do business that would restrict or prohibit our business; and
Foreign government activities that favor domestic companies, including those that may require companies to procure goods and services from locally-based suppliers.
Any of these events, among others, could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.
Our offerings are subject to United States export controls and, when exported from the United States, or re-exported to another country, must be authorized under applicable United States export regulations. Changes in our offerings or changes in export regulations may create delays in the introduction of our offerings in international markets, prevent our customers with international operations from deploying our offerings throughout their global systems or, in some cases, prevent the export of our offerings to certain countries or customers altogether. Any change in export regulations or related legislation, shift in approach to the enforcement or scope of existing regulations, or change in the countries, persons or technologies targeted by these regulations could result in decreased use of our offerings by, or in our decreased ability to export or sell our offerings to, existing or potential customers with
21

international operations. There is active enforcement and ongoing focus by the SEC and other governmental authorities on the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 and similar anti-bribery, anti-corruption laws in other countries. Given the breadth and scope of our international operations, we may not in all cases be able to detect improper or unlawful conduct by our partners, distributors, resellers, customers, and employees, despite our high ethics, governance and compliance standards, which could put the Company at risk regarding possible violations of such laws and could result in various civil or criminal fines, penalties or administrative sanctions, and related costs, which could negatively impact the Company's business, brand, results of operations or financial condition.
Inadequate internal control over financial reporting and accounting practices could lead to errors, which could adversely impact our ability to assure timely and accurate financial reporting.
Internal control over financial reporting, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control objectives will be met. These inherent limitations include system errors, the potential for human error and unauthorized actions of employees or contractors, inadequacy of controls, temporary lapses in controls due to shortfalls in transition planning and oversight of resources, and other factors. Consequently, such controls may not prevent or detect misstatements in our reported financial results as required under the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") rules, which could increase our operating costs or impair our ability to operate our business. Controls may also become inadequate due to changes in circumstances, and it is necessary to replace, upgrade or modify our internal information systems from time to time. In addition, unforeseen risks may arise in connection with financial reporting systems due to inefficient business processes, business process reengineering projects, or changes in accounting standards.
If management is not successful in maintaining a strong internal control environment, material weaknesses could occur, causing investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information. This could lead to a decline in our stock price, limit our ability to access the capital markets in the future, and require us to incur additional costs to improve our internal control systems and procedures.
Increased scrutiny from governments, investors, raters, customers, and others regarding our environmental, social, and governance ("ESG") practices and our inability to achieve any ESG goals we establish could impose additional costs, expose us to new risks, or negatively impact our reputation.
The ESG landscape is constantly changing, with an increased focus from certain investors, raters, employees, customers, and other stakeholders which could result in greater expectations of us and our ESG initiatives, goals, efforts, transparency, and communications which may not satisfy our stakeholders.
To meet expectations from our stakeholders, we are working to align our reporting with emerging ESG disclosure frameworks, new regulations, including those passed in the European Union and the state of California, and potential new disclosure requirements, while we also seek to report timely on progress toward our ESG objectives. We have established ESG goals, and we expect to continue to establish additional ESG goals in which our ESG goals and/or our ESG program performance may be reviewed by third-party providers such as raters and rankers who may unfavorably evaluate our ESG initiatives. If we fail, or are perceived to fail, to meet our stakeholders’ and/or raters’ expectations, including the achievement of the ESG goals that we establish, we could be exposed to increased risk of litigation, difficulty in attracting and retaining employees, negative investor sentiment, and an adverse impact on our reputation.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR INDUSTRY
Our cloud and service offerings are designed to offer AI/ML capabilities, which exposes us to an uncertain regulatory environment and rapidly changing technology where any inability to comply with any such regulations may result in reputational harm, liability and disruption to our business operations.
The AI/ML regulatory environment is rapidly evolving, and it is difficult to predict the impact the evolving regulatory landscape may have on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Teradata VantageCloud Enterprise, Teradata VantageCloud Lake, and ClearScape Analytics are designed to deliver harmonized data, AI/ML, and faster innovation to facilitate better decision-making. AI/ML technologies are rapidly
22

changing, and with the evolving regulatory environment, we may be subject to increased regulatory requirements, as well as other risks such as data privacy concerns, intellectual property disputes, and exposure to litigation.
The IT industry is intensely competitive and evolving, and competitive pressures could adversely affect our pricing practices or demand for our offerings and services.
We operate in the intensely competitive IT industry, which is characterized by rapidly changing technology, evolving industry standards and models for consuming and delivering business and IT services, frequent new product introductions, and frequent price and cost reductions. In general, as a participant in the data analytic solutions market, we face:
Changes in customer spending preferences and other shifts in market demands, which drive changes in the Company's competition;
Changes in pricing, marketing and product strategies, such as potential aggressive price discounting and the use of different pricing models by our competitors;
Rapid changes in product delivery models, such as on-premises solutions versus cloud solutions;
Rapid changes in computing technology and capabilities that challenge our ability to maintain differentiation;
New and emerging analytic technologies, including for AI/ML, competitors, and business models;
Continued emergence of open-source software that often rivals current technology offerings at a much lower cost despite its limited functionality;
Changing competitive requirements and deliverables in developing and emerging markets; and
Continuing trend toward consolidation of companies, which could adversely affect our ability to compete, including if our key partners merge or partner with our competitors.
Our competitors include established companies within our industry, including Amazon, Google, IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, and SAP, which are well-capitalized companies with widespread distribution, brand recognition and penetration of our product platforms and service offerings. The significant purchasing and market power of these larger competitors, which have greater financial resources than we do, could allow them to surpass our market penetration and marketing efforts to promote and sell their offerings and services. In addition, many other companies participate in specific areas of our business, such as enterprise applications, analytic platforms and business intelligence software. In some cases, we may partner with a company in one area of our business and compete with them in another. In particular, in delivering our Teradata VantageCloud offerings in a cloud environment to certain of our customers, we partner with each of Amazon Web Services, Google, and Microsoft, which are public cloud service providers. The status of our business relationships with these companies can influence our ability to compete for analytic data solutions opportunities in such areas. In addition, we see additional competition from both established and emerging cloud-only data vendors and open-source providers. Failure to compete successfully with new or existing competitors in these and other areas could have a material adverse impact on our ability to generate additional revenues or sustain existing revenue levels.
Current and evolving privacy laws and regulations regarding cloud computing, cross-border data transfer restrictions and other aspects of data privacy may impact the use and adoption of our solutions and services and adversely affect our business.
Federal, state and foreign governments continue to adopt new, or modify existing, laws and regulations addressing data privacy and the collection, processing, storage, transfer and use of data. Some of these impose new obligations directly on the Company as both a data controller and a data processor, as well as on many of our customers. New laws also require us to evaluate any required changes to our solutions and services on an ongoing basis to enable Teradata and/or our customers to comply with the new legal requirements and may also increase our potential liability through higher potential penalties for non-compliance. Further, laws such as the European Union’s proposed e-Privacy Regulation are increasingly aimed at the use of personal information for marketing purposes, and the tracking of individuals’ online activities. These new or proposed laws and regulations are also subject to differing interpretations which may be inconsistent among jurisdictions. These and other requirements could reduce demand for our solutions and services, require us to take on more onerous obligations in our contracts, restrict our ability to store, transfer and process data or, in some cases, impact our ability to offer our solutions and services in certain locations or our customers' ability to deploy our solutions globally. For example, existing and developing laws regarding how companies transfer personal data from the European Economic Area to the United States and other third-world countries can be unpredictable and could result in further limitations on the ability to transfer data
23

across borders, particularly if governments are unable or unwilling to create new, or maintain existing, mechanisms that support cross-border data transfers. Additionally, certain countries have passed or are considering passing laws requiring local data residency. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, privacy laws, regulations and standards may limit the use and adoption of our solutions and services, reduce overall demand for our solutions and services, make it more difficult to meet expectations from or commitments to customers, lead to significant fines, penalties or liabilities for noncompliance, or slow the pace at which we close sales transactions, any of which could harm our business.
In addition to government activity, privacy advocacy and other industry groups establish new self-regulatory standards that may place additional burdens on our ability to provide our solutions and services globally. Our customers expect us to meet voluntary certification and other standards established by third parties, such as related International Organization for Standardization ("ISO") standards. If we are unable to maintain these certifications or meet these standards, it could adversely affect our ability to provide our solutions to certain customers and could harm our business.
Furthermore, concerns regarding data privacy may cause our customers’ customers to resist providing the data necessary to allow our customers to use our solutions and services effectively. Even the perception that the privacy of personal information is not satisfactorily protected or does not meet regulatory requirements could inhibit sales of our offerings or services and could limit adoption of our cloud-based solutions.
RISKS RELATED TO HUMAN CAPITAL
We depend on key employees and face competition in hiring and retaining qualified employees.
Our employees and access to talent are critical to our success. Our future success depends on our ability to attract, retain, develop, and motivate the services of senior management and key personnel in all areas of our Company, including engineering and development, marketing and sales professionals, and consultants. Competition for highly skilled personnel and acquired talent in the IT industry is intense. We have experienced, and may continue to experience, voluntary workforce attrition, including the loss of senior management and key personnel, in part due to the highly-competitive job market in our industry. Furthermore, we are required to attract and retain talent with expertise in cloud-based technologies, particularly with respect to our engineering and development teams. No assurance can be made that key personnel will remain with us, and it may be difficult and costly to replace such employees and/or obtain qualified talent who are not employees. We implemented a remote working policy to expand our talent pool for key personnel and we cannot predict the longer-term workforce implications. Competition is heightened for diverse talent as companies, including us, develop and enhance DEI initiatives. Our failure to execute on our key culture initiatives, hire, retain or replace our key personnel could have a material adverse impact on our business operations.
RISKS RELATED TO LEGAL AND REGULATORY MATTERS
We face uncertainties regarding legal proceedings, complex and changing laws and regulations, and other related matters.
In the normal course of business, we are subject to proceedings, lawsuits, claims and other matters, including those that could relate to the environment, health and safety, employee benefits, export compliance, intellectual property, a variety of local laws and regulations, and other regulatory compliance and general matters. See "Note 10-Commitments and Contingencies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report. Because such matters are subject to many uncertainties, their outcomes are not predictable. There can be no assurances that the amounts required to satisfy alleged liabilities from such matters will not impact future operating results.
In addition, we are subject to diverse and complex laws and regulations, including those relating to technology, including AI/ML, corporate governance, data privacy, public disclosure, and reporting, which are rapidly changing and subject to possible changes in the future. From time to time, we may conduct internal investigations to ensure compliance with such laws and regulations, the costs or results of which could impact our financial results. In addition, we may be subject to unexpected costs in connection with new public disclosure or other regulatory requirements that are issued from time to time. Laws and regulations impacting our customers, such as those relating to privacy, data protection and digital marketing, could also impact our future business. Because we do
24

business in the government sector, we are generally subject to audits and investigations which could result in various civil or criminal fines, penalties or administrative sanctions, including debarment from future government business, which could negatively impact the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.
In addition, our facilities and operations, including former facilities and former operations for which we may have liabilities, are subject to a wide range of environmental protection laws. There can be no assurances that the costs required to comply with applicable environmental laws will not adversely impact future operating results.
Management time and resources are spent to understand and comply with changing laws, regulations and standards relating to such matters as corporate governance, accounting principles, public disclosure, SEC regulations, and the rules of the NYSE where our shares are listed. Rapid changes in accounting standards, and federal securities laws and regulations, among others, may substantially increase costs to our organization, challenge our ability to timely comply with all of them and could have a negative impact on our future operating results.
Gaps in protection of Teradata’s intellectual property or unlicensed use of third-party intellectual property could impact our business and financial condition.
As a technology company, our intellectual property portfolio is crucial to our continuing ability to be a leading multi-cloud data and analytics platform provider. We strive to enhance and, as much as is legally and reasonably possible, protect our proprietary intellectual property rights through patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as through technological safeguards and the actions of our people. These efforts include protection of the offerings and application, diagnostic and other software we develop.
Where gaps exist in our intellectual property protection, even if such gaps are reasonable, our business could be materially adversely impacted. We may be unable to prevent third parties from using our technology without our authorization or independently developing technology that is similar to ours, particularly in those countries where the laws do not protect our proprietary rights as fully as in the United States (such as Iran, China and certain Eastern European countries who may use NSSAPC to advance their own industries). With respect to inventions for which we choose to file patent applications, we may not be successful in securing patents for these claims, and our competitors may already have applied for patents that, once issued, will prevail over our patent rights or otherwise limit our ability to sell our offerings.
While we take steps to provide for confidentiality obligations of employees and third parties with whom we do business (including customers, suppliers and strategic partners), there is a risk that such parties will breach such obligations and jeopardize our intellectual property rights. Many customers have outsourced the administration and management of their data and analytics environments to third parties, including some of our competitors, who then have access to our confidential information. Although we have agreements in place to mitigate this risk, there can be no assurance that such protections will be sufficient. In addition, our ability to capture and re-use field-based developed intellectual property is important to future business opportunities and profits.
We are seeing an extended trend towards aggressive enforcement of intellectual property rights, especially by so-called "patent assertion entities" ("PAEs") or "non-practicing entities" ("NPEs"), as the functionality of offerings in our industry increasingly overlaps and the volume of issued software patents continues to grow. As a result, we have been, and in the future could be, subject to infringement claims which, regardless of their validity, could:
Be expensive, time consuming, and divert company resources and management attention away from normal business operations;
Require us to pay monetary damages or enter into non-standard royalty and licensing agreements;
Require us to modify our product sales and development plans; or
Require us to satisfy indemnification obligations to our customers.
Regardless of whether these claims have any merit, they can be burdensome to defend or settle and can harm our business, reputation, financial condition and results of operations.
A change in our effective tax rate can have a significant adverse impact on our business.
A number of factors may adversely impact our future effective tax rates, such as:
The jurisdictions in which our profits are determined to be earned and taxed;
25

The resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various tax authorities;
Changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities;
Adjustments to estimated taxes upon finalization of various tax returns; and
Changes in available tax credits, especially surrounding tax credits in the United States for our research and development activities and foreign tax credits.
Tax rules may change in a manner that adversely affects our future reported results of operations or the way we conduct our business. Further changes in the tax laws of foreign jurisdictions could arise as a result of the base erosion and profit shifting project that was undertaken by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ("OECD"). The OECD, which represents a coalition of member countries, recommended changes to numerous long-standing tax principles impacting how large multinational enterprises are taxed. In particular, the OECD has issued its guidance on the Global Anti-Base Erosion rules, with the purpose of ensuring multinational companies pay a 15% global minimum tax on the income generated in each of the jurisdictions where they operate in, referred to as "Pillar Two." Many jurisdictions, including several European Union members and G20 countries, have now committed to an effective enactment date for Pillar Two starting January 1, 2024. We are monitoring developments and evaluating the impacts these new rules will have on our tax rate, including eligibility to qualify for these safe harbor rules.
Further, the increased scrutiny on international tax and continuous changes to countries’ tax legislation may also affect the policies and decisions of tax authorities with respect to certain income tax and transfer pricing positions taken by the Company in prior or future periods. It is not uncommon for taxing authorities in different countries to have conflicting views, for instance, with respect to, among other things, the manner in which the arm’s length standard is applied for transfer pricing purposes, or with respect to the valuation of intellectual property. Our income tax obligations are based partly on our corporate structure and inter-company arrangements, including how we develop, value, and use our intellectual property and the valuations of our inter-company transactions. Tax authorities may disagree with certain positions we have taken and assess additional taxes. We regularly assess the likely outcomes of these audits to determine the appropriateness of our tax provision; however, there can be no assurance that we will accurately predict the outcomes of these audits, and the actual outcomes of these audits could have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. In addition, governmental authorities in the United States and throughout the world may increase or impose new income taxes or indirect taxes, or revise interpretations of existing tax rules and regulations, as a means of financing the costs of stimulus and other measures enacted or taken, or that may be enacted or taken in the future. Such actions could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR FINANCIAL CONDITION
Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and limit our financial flexibility.
The Company's indebtedness could:
Expose us to interest rate risk;
Increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
Limit our ability to obtain additional financing or refinancing at attractive rates;
Require the dedication of a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of principal of, and interest on, our indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of such cash flow to fund our growth strategy, working capital, capital expenditures, share repurchases and other general corporate purposes;
Limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry; and
Place us at a competitive disadvantage relative to our competitors with less debt.
Further, our outstanding indebtedness is subject to financial and other covenants, which may be affected by changes in economic or business conditions or other events that are beyond our control. If we fail to comply with the covenants in any of our indebtedness, we may be in default under the loan, which may entitle the lenders to accelerate the debt obligations. To avoid defaulting on our indebtedness, we may be required to take actions such as reducing or delaying capital expenditures, reducing or eliminating stock repurchases, selling assets, restructuring or refinancing all or part of our existing debt, or seeking additional equity capital, any of which may not be available on terms that are favorable to us, if at all.
26

fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates have affected our operating results and could continue to impact our revenue and net earnings.
Because the functional currency of most of our foreign activities is the applicable local currency, but our financial reporting currency is the U.S. dollar, we are required to translate the assets, liabilities, expenses, and revenues of our foreign activities into U.S. dollars at the applicable exchange rate in preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements. We operate in approximately 40 countries and are exposed to various foreign currencies in the Americas region (North America and Latin America), EMEA region (Europe, Middle East, and Africa) and APJ region (Asia Pacific and Japan). Accordingly, we face foreign currency exchange rate risk arising from transactions in the normal course of business.
In addition, we operate in certain jurisdictions that utilize foreign currency controls that may temporarily restrict access to foreign currency which results in excess cash in the jurisdiction that cannot be remitted outside of the country and is, therefore, subject to foreign currency exchange rate risk. For example, the Company has operations in Argentina. The Central Bank of Argentina maintains currency controls that limit the Company’s ability to access U.S. dollars in Argentina and remit cash from its Argentine operations. During October of 2023, the Company began entering into Blue Chip Swap transactions (a foreign exchange mechanism which effectively results in a parallel U.S. dollar exchange rate) in order to remit cash from its Argentine operations and such action resulted in a pre-tax loss on investment of $13 million during the fourth quarter of 2023.
Foreign currency exchange rates and foreign currency controls have affected our revenue and net earnings and could continue to impact our revenue and net earnings. While we actively manage our foreign currency market risk in the normal course of business by entering into various derivative instruments to hedge against such risk, these derivative instruments involve risks and may not effectively limit our underlying exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations or minimize our net earnings and cash volatility associated with foreign currency exchange rate changes. Further, the failure of one or more counterparties to our foreign currency exchange rate contracts to fulfill their obligations to us could adversely affect our operating results.
Item 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None. 
Item 1C.CYBERSECURITY
Risk Management and Strategy
Our cybersecurity program is designed to protect information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.
Enterprise Risk Management. We have processes in place for assessing, identifying, and managing material risks from cybersecurity threats, which are integrated into our Enterprise Risk Management ("ERM") program. Our ERM program, which is coordinated through our Enterprise Risk and Internal Audit function ("ERAS team"), includes the identification of risks relevant to Teradata’s business, including material risks from cybersecurity threats; assigning personnel responsible for such risks; the development of strategies and plans to monitor, assess, and mitigate such risks; and oversight of the identified risks through regular reporting and risk evaluations with management, our Board, and/or relevant Board committee. Our ERAS team works closely with the Information Security function, including our Chief Information Security Officer ("CISO"), in the cybersecurity risk management process that informs the ERM program.
Cybersecurity Processes. The processes in place for managing cybersecurity threats, including threats associated with our use of third-party service providers, include identifying potential cybersecurity threats; defining the roles and responsibilities of our personnel pursuant to our Cybersecurity Incident Response Plan ("CIRP"); continuous testing and training of our employees on cybersecurity risks and security hygiene; communication and escalation protocols; and tools and technologies for incident detection and responses. We continuously assess risks and changes in the cybersecurity environment and adjust our processes and cybersecurity investments as appropriate.
Our information security processes are built upon a foundation of advanced security technology, a trained team of security experts, and operations based on various global practices, standards, and frameworks,
27

including the International Organization for Standardization, International Electrotechnical Commission, and National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework.
We maintain policies, procedures, and controls that are designed to identify, protect, detect, respond to, and recover from information security and cybersecurity threats and incidents. Such items are reviewed, approved, and maintained by our CISO on an ongoing basis. In addition, we engage external advisors periodically to review and assess our policies, procedures, and controls.
Our CIRP provides a documented framework for handling cybersecurity incidents. The CIRP addresses cybersecurity incident detection, containment, analysis, eradication, recovery, escalation protocols, and coordination across multiple functions of the organization.
We have processes to manage cybersecurity risks associated with third-party service providers. Such providers are subject to information security assessments at the time of onboarding and at certain other times during their engagement with us. We require our providers to meet appropriate security requirements, controls, and responsibilities and comply with certain cybersecurity and data security standards that we have. We monitor compliance with these standards and investigate security incidents to take appropriate actions as necessary. However, despite the controls that we have in place, we also rely on our third-parties to implement security programs and we cannot ensure in all circumstances that their efforts will be successful.
We maintain an annual cybersecurity training plan including employee training on cybersecurity risks, requirements, and incident reporting. As part of our training plan, we regularly perform phishing tests of our employees. In addition, our security training incorporates awareness of cyber threats (including but not limited to malware, ransomware, and social engineering attacks), password hygiene, incident reporting process, as well as physical security best practices. On an annual basis, our employees must complete cybersecurity awareness training.
We perform simulations and drills to review and test our information security program, including tabletop exercises, penetration and vulnerability testing, and other exercises to evaluate the effectiveness of our information security program and improve our security measures and planning.
We maintain insurance to provide coverage for certain losses from cybersecurity threats and incidents.
We have developed business continuity and disaster recovery capabilities to mitigate interruptions to critical information systems and the loss of data and services from the effects of natural or man-made disasters to Teradata systems.
Cybersecurity Incidents. To protect our information systems from cybersecurity incidents and threats, we use various security tools that help prevent, identify, escalate, investigate, resolve, and recover from identified vulnerabilities and security incidents in a timely manner. We maintain controls and procedures that are designed to ensure prompt escalation of certain cybersecurity incidents so that decisions regarding materiality of the incident and any necessary public disclosure and reporting of such incidents can be made in a timely manner. In the last three fiscal years, we have not experienced any material cybersecurity incident and the expenses we have incurred from security incidents were immaterial. As a result, we do not believe that cybersecurity threats, including as a result of any previous cybersecurity incidents, have materially impacted our results of operations and financial condition. As cybersecurity threats become more sophisticated and coordinated, it is reasonably likely that we will be required to expend greater resources to continue to modify and enhance our protective measures as we pursue our business strategies.
Cybersecurity Risks. Notwithstanding the extensive approach we take to cybersecurity, we may not be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident that could have a material adverse effect on us. While we maintain cybersecurity insurance, the costs related to cybersecurity incidents may not be fully insured. See "Risk Factors — A cybersecurity incident, disruption, or failure of our information systems or those of our third-party providers could adversely impact our reputation, business, and financial results."
Governance
Board Oversight of Cybersecurity Risk. Our Board’s role is to engage in informed oversight of enterprise-wide risks as managed through our ERM program, including cybersecurity. While the full Board has overall
28

responsibility for risk oversight, the Board has delegated oversight responsibility related to risks from cybersecurity threats to the Audit Committee.
The Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of the Company’s information security policies, the internal controls regarding information security and cybersecurity, and risks related to such exposures and actions taken to monitor and/or mitigate such risks. The Audit Committee receives quarterly reports as part of its meeting materials prepared by our CISO regarding the assessment of the status, adequacy, and effectiveness of our processes related to assessing, identifying, and managing cybersecurity risks and related mitigation plans. In addition, at least twice per year, the Audit Committee meeting agenda includes a presentation by the CISO to review and discuss the CISO’s report on cybersecurity risks, mitigation plans and the steps the security team has taken to monitor and control related exposures. The Audit Committee reports to the Board on cybersecurity matters discussed at its meetings and the CISO’s quarterly reports are provided to the Board as part of their meeting materials for their information as well.
Executive Oversight of Cybersecurity. Management is responsible for the Company’s planning, identification, assessment, and mitigation of risks from cybersecurity threats. Our CISO, Chief Legal Officer, and Chief Financial Officer comprise our Core Cybersecurity Management Team (the "CCMT"). The CCMT has oversight of Teradata’s CIRP and is informed and consulted on the response and resolution process for cybersecurity incidents. The CCMT is responsible for determining communications to inform relevant stakeholders of cybersecurity incidents as applicable, relevant, and/or required, including the Board; Audit Committee; the executive leadership team; investors; customers; employees; law enforcement; and regulators.
Depending on the nature and/or severity of the incident, additional stakeholders within the broader enterprise-wide management team may be included in the assessment, response, and resolution of an incident by the CCMT. The broader management team for this purpose may include, but is not limited to, executive and senior leaders in our Product, Customer, People, Information Technology, and Law functions, as well as others that may be considered necessary (collectively referred to as the "ECMT"). The ECMT provides oversight, perspective, and support from their respective areas of expertise to assist in analyzing the cybersecurity incident, materiality of the incident, and remediation considerations.
CISO and Cybersecurity Team. Our Information Security function is led by our CISO and is responsible for executing our enterprise-wide cybersecurity strategy, policy, standards, architecture, and processes.

The Information Security function consists of qualified professionals in cybersecurity. This team sets the cybersecurity strategy for Teradata; develops Teradata’s cybersecurity architecture and deploys and manages tools and technologies aligned with such architecture to safeguard our information systems; manages the cybersecurity training required of our employees; monitors our cybersecurity threats and incidents; escalates the occurrence of cybersecurity incidents pursuant to the CIRP; and addresses and incorporates mitigation items.
The CISO appoints a Cybersecurity Incident Response Coordinator ("CIRC") to lead the management of cybersecurity incidents. The primary responsibilities of the CIRC include, but are not limited to:
receiving and tracking all reported potential cybersecurity threats;
escalating incident response;
determining relevant stakeholders of the Information Technology function and cybersecurity incident response team, which team is selected by CIRC to serve as the lead function for investigating and coordinating cybersecurity incidents;
alerting the applicable support functions of the potential cybersecurity threat and any defensive action that would be required; and
alerting management, as applicable and necessary, of the potential cybersecurity threat.
Members of our Information Security function have broad ranges of qualifications and experience in information technology and security.
Our CISO has over 25 years of information security experience during which he has worked on various information technology and security programs, including privacy operations and security risk management. He has experience with many different types of enterprises, including the federal government, private companies, and publicly listed companies. Our CISO has a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology and an MBA.
29

The team within the Information Security function (referred hereinto as the "cybersecurity team") possesses a robust blend of technical knowledge, practical skills, and strategic insight, gained through years of experience in the field of cybersecurity. Our cybersecurity team includes professionals certified in a wide array of cybersecurity disciplines. Their qualifications include, but are not limited to, Certified Information Systems Security Professional ("CISSP") for general security practices, Certified Ethical Hacker ("CEH") for penetration testing capabilities, Certified Information Systems Auditor ("CISA") for information systems auditing, Certified Information Security Manager ("CISM") for overseeing enterprise security, Certified Risk and Information Systems Control ("CRISC") for risk management, and Certified Cloud Security Professional ("CCSP") for cloud security expertise. Additionally, they possess various other certifications in specific technologies and cloud security from providers like AWS and Microsoft, along with numerous other industry-relevant security certifications. This diverse expertise underscores their comprehensive understanding of the cybersecurity landscape.
The cybersecurity team attends training programs to update their skills and knowledge.
Item 2.PROPERTIES
As of December 31, 2023, Teradata operated 44 facilities in 30 countries consisting of approximately 672 thousand square feet throughout the world. Approximately 69% of this square footage is our headquarters in San Diego, which is the only property that we own, the rest of our property is leased. Within the total facility portfolio, Teradata operates 7 facilities where R&D activity occurs totaling approximately 253 thousand square feet, of which approximately 90% is owned. The remaining approximately 419 thousand square feet of space includes office, repair, warehouse and other miscellaneous sites, and is 55% owned and 45% leased. Teradata believes its facilities are suitable and adequate to meet its current needs. Teradata’s corporate headquarters is in San Diego, California.
Item 3.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
The information required to be set forth under this Item 3 is incorporated by reference to Note 10, Commitments and Contingencies—Legal Proceedings of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
N/A.
30

PART II
Item 5.MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Teradata common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "TDC." There were approximately 18,457 registered holders of Teradata common stock as of February 14, 2024.
Teradata has not paid cash dividends and does not anticipate the payment of cash dividends to holders of Teradata common stock in the immediate future. The declaration of dividends in the future would be subject to the discretion of Teradata’s Board of Directors.
The information under the caption "Stock Ownership" and the caption "Current Equity Compensation Plan Information" in Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is also incorporated by reference in this section.
The following graph compares the relative performance of Teradata stock, the Standard & Poor’s ("S&P") 500 Stock Index and the S&P Information Technology Index. This graph covers the five-year period from December 31, 2018 to December 31, 2023. In each case, assumes a $100 investment on December 31, 2018, and reinvestment of all dividends, if any.
1008
As of December 31,
Company/Index201820192020202120222023
Teradata Corporation$100 $70 $59 $111 $88 $113 
S&P 500 Index$100 $129 $150 $190 $153 $190 
S&P Information Technology Index$100 $148 $211 $281 $200 $312 
31

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchases
Section 16 officers occasionally transfer vested shares earned under restricted share awards to the Company at the current market price to cover their withholding taxes. For the year ended December 31, 2023, the total of these purchases was 416,815 shares at an average price of $40.57 per share.
The following table provides information relating to the Company’s repurchase of common stock for the year ended December 31, 2023:
Total
Number
of Shares Purchased
Average
Price
Paid
per Share
Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
as Part of
Publicly
Announced
Dilution
Offset Program (1)
Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
as Part of
Publicly
Announced
General 
Share
Repurchase Program (2)
Maximum
Dollar
Value
that May
Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
Dilution
Offset Program
Maximum
Dollar
Value
that May
Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
General Share
Repurchase Program
Period
First quarter total2,322,106 $37.69 137,380 2,184,726 $1,072,676 $758,232,193 
Second quarter total1,610,383 $44.93 56,144 1,554,239 $5,553,859 $688,873,071 
Third quarter total2,938,181 $48.02 253,402 2,684,779 $409,123 $560,227,734 
October 2023123,583 $43.23 7,800 115,783 $122,386 $555,227,916 
November 202327,848 $43.00 — 27,848 $1,536,392 $554,030,560 
December 2023— $— — — $2,200,413 $554,030,560 
Fourth quarter total151,431 $43.19 7,800 143,631 $2,200,413 $554,030,560 
2023 Full year total7,022,101 $43.79 454,726 6,567,375 $2,200,413 $554,030,560 
1.The dilution offset program allows the Company to repurchase Teradata common stock to the extent of cash received from the exercise of stock options and the ESPP to offset dilution from shares issued pursuant to these plans.
2.The general share repurchase program authorized by the Board allows the Company to repurchase outstanding shares of Teradata common stock. Share repurchases made by the Company are reported on a trade date basis. On November 1, 2021, Teradata's Board of Directors authorized an additional $1 billion to be utilized to repurchase Teradata common stock under this share repurchase program. The general share repurchase program expires on December 31, 2025.

Item 6.[Reserved]
Item 7.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS ("MD&A")
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Annual Report"). This Annual Report contains certain statements that are forward-looking within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Certain statements contained in the MD&A are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates, assumptions and projections about our industry, business and future financial results. Our actual results could differ materially from the results contemplated by these forward-looking statements due to several factors, including those discussed in other sections of this Annual Report. See "Risk Factors" and "Forward-looking Statements." 
OVERVIEW
At Teradata Corporation ("we," "us," "Teradata," or the "Company"), we believe that people thrive when empowered with trusted information. We are focused on helping organizations improve business performance, enrich customer experiences, and integrate data across the enterprise. As such, we strive to innovate and deliver
32

trusted solutions for their toughest data and analytics challenges. That is why we built our comprehensive open and connected cloud analytics and data platform for artificial intelligence ("AI"). With our Teradata Vantage platform, underpinned by our extensive patented workload management optimization, we are well positioned to help enterprises solve business problems and deliver business breakthroughs with its capabilities to provide harmonized data, trusted AI, and faster innovation. As a result, we believe that we empower our customers - and our customers' customers - to make better, more confident decisions, engage in faster innovation, and drive positive impact within the enterprise.
Teradata is recognized by industry analysts as offering a cloud analytics and data platform with next-generation, cloud-native deployment and expansive analytics capabilities. Teradata’s strategy is discussed under Part I, Item I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We are continuing to execute on our key priorities, including supporting our on-premises customers, migrating customers to the cloud, upgrading customers from VantageCloud Enterprise to VantageCloud Lake, expanding our Teradata Vantage analytics and data platform product offering (which includes VantageCloud Enterprise, VantageCloud Lake, and ClearScape Analytics), adding new customers and expanding our footprint with existing customers, informing our customers on our AI capabilities, increasing our focus on diversity and inclusiveness, and driving operational excellence and agility across the Company.
To allow for greater transparency regarding the progress we are making toward achieving our strategic objectives, we utilize the following financial and performance metrics:
Total Annual Recurring Revenue ("Total ARR") - annual value at a point in time of all recurring contracts, including subscription, cloud, software upgrade rights, and maintenance. ARR does not include managed services and third-party software.
Public Cloud ARR (included within Total ARR) - annual value at a point in time of all contracts related to public cloud implementations of Teradata VantageCloud and does not include ARR related to private or managed cloud implementations.
Cloud Net Expansion Rate - Teradata calculates its last-twelve months dollar-based cloud net expansion rate as of a fiscal quarter end as follows:
We identify the ARR for active cloud customers in the fiscal quarter ending one year prior to the given fiscal quarter (the "base period");
We then identify the public cloud ARR in the given fiscal quarter (the "current period") from the same set of active cloud customers as the base period, including increases in usage, as well as reductions and cancellations, and additional conversions of on-premises revenues to the cloud for customers active in the base period, all in constant currency; and
The quarterly dollar-based, cloud net expansion rate is calculated by taking the ARR from the current period and dividing by the ARR from the base period.
The last twelve-month dollar-based cloud net expansion rate is calculated by taking the average of the quarterly dollar-based cloud net expansion rate from the last fiscal quarter and the prior three fiscal quarters.

2023 FINANCIAL OVERVIEW
As more fully discussed in later sections of this MD&A, the following are the financial highlights for 2023:
Revenue of $1,833 million increased by 2% in 2023 as compared to 2022, with a 5% increase in recurring revenue. Foreign currency fluctuations had a 2% adverse impact on total revenue compared to the prior year. The recurring revenue increase was due primarily to an increase in Public Cloud revenue from migrations and expansions. Perpetual software licenses, hardware and other revenue decreased by 31% and consulting services revenue decreased by 5%. Revenues from perpetual software licenses, hardware and other decreased primarily due to our strategic shift towards recurring revenue. The decline in consulting service revenue was additionally due to our focus on higher-margin engagements and purposeful decrease in consulting services given the development of our strategic partner ecosystem.
33

Gross profit as a percent of revenue was 60.8% in 2023, an increase from 60.2% in 2022, primarily due to a higher mix of recurring revenue and improving cloud gross profit rates year-over-year.
Operating expenses in 2023 decreased by 4% as compared to 2022, primarily driven by our cost discipline initiatives and a favorable impact from foreign currency fluctuations.
Operating income was $186 million in 2023, up from $118 million in 2022.
Net income was $62 million in 2023 versus net income of $33 million in 2022, primarily due to increased revenue and lower operating expenses. Diluted net earnings per share was $0.61 in 2023 compared to diluted earnings per share of $0.31 in 2022.
RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023 AND 2022
For discussion of fiscal year 2022 versus 2021 see "Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report filed with the SEC for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.
Revenue
% of% of
In millions2023Revenue2022Revenue
Recurring$1,492 81.4 %$1,419 79.1 %
Perpetual software license, hardware and other45 2.5 %65 3.6 %
Consulting services296 16.1 %311 17.3 %
Total revenue$1,833 100.0 %$1,795 100.0 %
2023 compared to 2022 - Total revenue increased 2% in 2023, which included a 2% negative impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Total revenue growth was led by increased recurring revenue, offset in part by lower perpetual software license, hardware, and other revenue, as well as lower consulting revenue. Recurring revenue grew 5% in 2023, which included a 2% negative impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Recurring revenue growth was driven by an increase in cloud revenue as we continue our intentional shift to the cloud. All three regions experienced strong cloud revenue growth year-over-year.
Revenues from perpetual software licenses, hardware, and other were down 31% in 2023, including 2% of adverse impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, as customers continue to transition to our subscription-based offerings, consistent with our overall strategy towards recurring revenue.
Consulting services revenue decreased 5%, including a 3% adverse impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, as we continue to realign and focus our consulting resources on higher-margin engagements. In this regard, we are focused on both direct engagement with customers and joint engagement with partners that drive increased software consumption within our targeted customer base.
As a portion of our operations and revenue occur outside the United States, and in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, we are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Based on currency rates as of January 31, 2024, Teradata is estimating a 1.0%-to-1.5% negative impact from currency translation on our 2024 full-year total revenues.
34

Financial and Performance Measures
Total ARR is composed of three main categories: (1) Public Cloud ARR, (2) ARR related to on-premises subscription-based contracts and private cloud ("Subscription ARR"), and (3) ARR related to our legacy perpetual maintenance and software upgrade rights. Our financial and performance measures for the following years ended December 31 was as follows:
ARR
20232022
In millions
Public Cloud$528$357
Subscription869844
Maintenance and Software upgrade rights173281
Total ARR$1,570$1,482
Cloud Net Expansion rate124 %117 %
Total ARR increased 6% versus the prior year, with declines in Maintenance and Software upgrade rights ARR, more than off-set by growth in Public Cloud ARR and Subscription ARR. Foreign currency fluctuations had a positive 1% impact on total ARR. Our overall ARR growth was primarily driven by increased demand for our differentiated offerings, increasing partner involvement, and incremental workloads driving migrations and expansions.
Public Cloud ARR increased 48% versus the prior year primarily due to on-premises customers migrating to Teradata VantageCloud along with a strong net expansion rate of 124%. Foreign currency fluctuations had a positive 2% impact on Public Cloud ARR. Public Cloud ARR growth and the improved Cloud Net Expansion rate were driven by customer demand for our differentiated offerings, resulting in new workloads for both migrations and expansions. Subscription ARR increased 3% in 2023 from the prior year primarily due to net expansions, and included a 1% positive impact from foreign currency fluctuations.
Our Maintenance and Software upgrade rights ARR declined 38% compared to 2022. This was expected as we continue to transition to a subscription model and customers increasingly purchased Teradata on a subscription and/or public cloud basis.
We expect to see expansion as the primary contributor for Total ARR growth in 2024 and expansion and conversion as the primary contributors for Public Cloud ARR growth in 2024.
Gross Profit
The Company often uses specific terms and definitions to describe variances in gross profit. The terms and definitions most often used are as follows:
Revenue Mix - The proportion of recurring, consulting, and perpetual software licenses, hardware and other revenue that generates the total revenue of the Company. Changes in revenue mix can have an impact on gross profit even if total revenue remains unchanged.
Recurring Revenue Mix - The proportion of various recurring revenue offerings that comprise the total of recurring revenue. For example, a higher mix of cloud deals will have a negative impact on total recurring gross profit until we achieve scale.
Deal Mix - Refers to the type of transactions closed within the period that generate the total perpetual software license, hardware and other revenue. For example, a higher mix of Teradata versus third-party products can positively impact profitability.
35

Gross profit for the following years ended December 31 was as follows:
% of% of
In millions2023Revenue2022Revenue
Gross profit
Recurring$1,074 72.0 %$1,022 72.0 %
Perpetual software licenses, hardware and other15.6 %18 27.7 %
Consulting services34 11.5 %41 13.2 %
Total gross profit$1,115 60.8 %$1,081 60.2 %
2023 compared to 2022 - The increase in gross profit as a percentage of revenue was primarily driven by a higher mix of recurring revenue and improving cloud gross profit rates year-over-year.
Recurring gross profit as a percentage of revenue was flat from the prior year, primarily because the negative gross profit rate impact on increased Public Cloud revenue was offset by improved Public Cloud gross profit rates year-over-year.
The decrease in perpetual software licenses, hardware and other gross profit as a percentage of revenue was primarily driven by deal mix and a higher ratio of perpetual hardware to software revenue as compared to prior year as the vast majority of all customers have transitioned to our subscription-based offerings, consistent with our overall strategy.
Consulting services gross profit as a percentage of revenue decreased as compared to the prior year primarily due to lower consulting services revenue. We continue to refocus our consulting organization on Teradata Vantage-oriented offerings and reduce our footprint in non-core consulting engagements, accompanied by our strategic development of a partner ecosystem.
We expect to continue investing in activities that generate growth in AI, enhance commercial awareness of our brand, and continue to drive increased adoption and consumption of the Teradata VantageCloud platform, including greater efficiencies with cloud service providers.
Operating Expenses
% of% of
In millions2023Revenue2022Revenue
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses$635 34.6 %$650 36.2 %
Research and development expenses294 16.0 %313 17.4 %
Total operating expenses$929 50.7 %$963 53.6 %
2023 compared to 2022 - The decrease in selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense was primarily driven by the favorable impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and continued cost discipline as compared to the prior year.
R&D expenses decreased in 2023 as compared to the prior year. R&D expenses were impacted by continued cost discipline initiatives as compared to the prior year.
We intend to continue investing in areas that generate growth, such as AI/ML, demand creation, and brand awareness. We expect to balance these investments with cost discipline in non-revenue generating areas and productivity improvements.
36

Other Expense, net
In millions20232022
Interest income$25 $15 
Interest expense(30)(24)
Other(64)(42)
Total Other Expense, net$(69)$(51)
Other expense, net in 2023 and 2022, is comprised primarily of interest expense on long-term debt and finance leases, foreign currency transactions, as well as benefit costs for our pension and postemployment plans, partially offset by interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents. Other expense is higher in 2023, primarily due to a $13 million loss with respect to Argentina Blue Chip Swaps (a foreign exchange mechanism which effectively results in a parallel U.S. dollar exchange rate) in order to remit cash from our Argentine operations and $8 million higher losses resulting from foreign currency transactions compared to the prior year.
Provision for Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate for the following years ended December 31 was as follows:
20232022
Effective Tax Rate47.0 %50.7 %
The 2023 effective tax rate included a net $18 million of discrete tax expense, of which $15 million of tax expense related to the foreign currency translation impact on deferred and payable balances for our Argentina operations due to hyperinflation in Argentina and $10 million of tax expense related to a valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets for our operations in Argentina and other reorganization and transformation activities. These expenses were offset by $4 million of tax benefit related to the reversal of a FIN 48 tax reserve due to the expiration of statute of limitations and $3 million of incremental tax benefit related to stock-based compensation.
The 2022 effective tax rate included a net $1 million of discrete tax benefit, of which $2 million of tax benefit related to the reversal of a FIN 48 tax reserve due to the expiration of statute of limitations and $4 million of incremental tax benefit related to stock-based compensation. These tax benefits were partially offset by $5 million of discrete tax expense related to valuation allowances recorded against deferred tax assets and current receivables in Russia that are not expected to be realized as a result of the discontinuation of our business in Russia in 2022.
Effective on January 1, 2022, the U.S. tax law changed to require that R&D expenses be capitalized and amortized for tax purposes under Internal Revenue Code Section 174; as a result of this law change, we recognized approximately $2 million of tax expense related to global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI") in our marginal effective tax rate for 2023 and approximately $4 million for 2022. We expect that a majority of our foreign earnings will be repatriated to the U.S.
Revenue and Gross Profit by Operating Segment
Teradata manages its business under three geographic regions, which are also the Company’s operating segments: (1) Americas region (North America and Latin America); (2) EMEA region (Europe, Middle East, and Africa) and (3) APJ region (Asia Pacific and Japan). For purposes of discussing results by segment, management excludes the impact of certain items, consistent with the manner by which management evaluates the performance of each segment. This format is useful to investors because it allows analysis and comparability of operating trends. It also includes the same information that is used by Teradata management to make decisions regarding the segments and to assess financial performance. The chief operating decision maker, who is our President and Chief Executive Officer, evaluates the performance of the segments based on revenue and multiple profit measures, including segment gross profit. For management reporting purposes, assets are not allocated to the segments. Our segment results are reconciled to total company results reported under GAAP in Note 14 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
37

The following table presents revenue and operating performance by segment for the years ended December 31:
% of% of
In millions2023Revenue2022Revenue
Segment revenue
Americas$1,089 59.4 %$1,038 57.8 %
EMEA475 25.9 %465 25.9 %
APJ269 14.7 %292 16.3 %
Total segment revenue$1,833 100 %$1,795 100 %
Segment gross profit
Americas$689 63.3 %$643 61.9 %
EMEA295 62.1 %285 61.3 %
APJ149 55.4 %177 60.6 %
Total segment gross profit$1,133 61.8 %$1,105 61.6 %
2023 compared to 2022
Americas
Americas revenue increased 5% including a 2% negative impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. An increase in Americas recurring revenue of 7% and Americas consulting revenue of 2% was partially offset by a decrease of 39% in Americas perpetual software licenses, hardware and other revenue. Segment gross profit, as a percentage of revenue, increased due to higher gross profit associated with upfront license revenue compared to the prior year, partially offset by a higher mix of Public Cloud revenue.
EMEA
EMEA revenue increased 2%, which included a 1% unfavorable impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The overall increase in revenue included an increase of 10% in EMEA recurring revenue offset by a 10% decrease in EMEA consulting revenue and a decrease of 39% in EMEA perpetual software licenses, hardware and other revenue. EMEA segment gross profit, as a percentage of revenue, increased due to a higher mix of recurring revenue, partially offset by the negative impact of ceasing operations in Russia in 2022.
APJ
APJ revenue decreased 8%, which included a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The overall decrease in revenue included a decrease in APJ recurring revenue of 9% , an increase of 22% ($2 million) in APJ perpetual software licenses, hardware and other revenue and a decrease in APJ consulting revenue of 8%. Overall APJ revenue was negatively impacted by the wind-down of direct operations in China that started earlier in 2023. The decrease in consulting revenue was also consistent with our focus on higher-margin Teradata Vantage-oriented engagements and purposeful decrease in consulting services given our strategic development of a partner ecosystem. The decrease in APJ segment gross profit, as a percentage of revenue was primarily due to reduced revenues.

FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Teradata ended 2023 with $486 million in cash and cash equivalents, a $83 million decrease from December 31, 2022, after using approximately $308 million for repurchases of Company common stock during the year. Cash provided by operating activities decreased by $44 million to $375 million in 2023 compared to 2022. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to the difference in cash taxes paid. Teradata had $65 million in net cash tax payments in 2023, compared to a net refund of $18 million in 2022, due primarily to a $50 million tax refund received the first quarter of 2022 related to our Cares Act carryback claim. Teradata used approximately $43 million of cash in 2023 for reorganization activities, including aligning our go-to-market function with our cloud-first strategy, and other activities to optimize our workforce, as compared to $26 million used in 2022 for similar purposes.
38

Teradata’s management uses a non-GAAP measure called "free cash flow," which is not a measure defined under GAAP. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures for property and equipment and additions to capitalized software. Free cash flow is one measure of assessing the financial performance of the Company, and this may differ from the definition used by other companies. The components that are used to calculate free cash flow are GAAP measures taken directly from the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. We believe that free cash flow information is useful for investors because it relates the operating cash flow of the Company to the capital that is spent to continue and improve business operations. In particular, free cash flow indicates the amount of cash available after capital expenditures for, among other things, investments in the Company’s existing businesses, strategic acquisitions, and repurchase of Teradata common stock. Free cash flow does not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since there may be other non-discretionary expenditures that are not deducted from the measure. This non-GAAP measure should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, cash flows from operating activities under GAAP.
The table below shows net cash provided by operating activities and capital expenditures for the following periods: 
In millions20232022
Net cash provided by operating activities$375 $419 
Less:
Expenditures for property and equipment(19)(14)
Additions to capitalized software(1)(2)
Free cash flow$355 $403 
Financing activities and certain other investing activities, such as our strategic acquisition of Stemma Technologies during the third quarter of 2023, are not included in our calculation of free cash flow. The acquisition of Stemma Technologies was not financially material. In the fourth quarter of 2023, we entered into Blue Chip Swap transactions in order to remit cash from our Argentine operations that resulted in a pre-tax loss on investment of $13 million, the net purchases of which are reported in other investing activities in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. There were no other material other investing activities in 2023 and 2022.
Teradata’s financing activities for 2023 and 2022 primarily consisted of cash outflows for share repurchases and payments on our finance leases. At December 31, 2023, we had no outstanding borrowings on our $400 million Revolving Facility (as defined below).
We have two share repurchase programs that were authorized by our Board of Directors:
The dilution offset share repurchase program allows us to repurchase Teradata common stock to the extent (i) cash is received from the exercise of stock options and (ii) employees' purchase Teradata stock pursuant to the Teradata Employee Stock Purchase Plan ("ESPP"). The purpose of the dilution offset share repurchase program is to offset dilution from shares issued pursuant to the exercise of stock options and shares purchased under the ESPP.
Our open market share repurchase program provides for the repurchase of Teradata stock periodically on an ongoing basis in open market transactions, through 10b5-1 programs, through accelerated share repurchase programs, in privately negotiated transactions, or through the use of derivative instruments, in accordance with applicable securities rules regarding issuer repurchases. The open market share repurchase program will expire on December 31, 2025. On November 1, 2021, our Board of Directors authorized an additional $1 billion for share repurchases under the open market share repurchase program. There is a total authority of $554 million remaining under the open market share repurchase program as of December 31, 2023.
In the aggregate under the dilution offset share repurchase program and the open market share repurchase program, we repurchased approximately 7.0 million shares of our common stock at an average price per share of $43.79 in 2023 and approximately 9.4 million shares of our common stock at an average price per share of $41.16 in 2022.
Share repurchases are reported on a trade date basis. Our share repurchase activity depends on factors such as our working capital needs, our cash requirements for capital investments, our stock price, and economic and market conditions.
39

Other financing activities, including net share settlement for the payroll tax liability of section 16 officers (as discussed in Item 5 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K), offset by proceeds from the ESPP and the exercise of stock options, net of tax, was a net inflow of $7 million for 2023 and a net inflow of $5 million (including fees from the credit facility agreement) for 2022.
Our total cash and cash equivalents held outside the United States in various foreign subsidiaries was $428 million as of December 31, 2023 and $405 million as of December 31, 2022. The remaining balance held in the United States ("U.S.") was $58 million as of December 31, 2023 and $164 million as of December 31, 2022. The Company expects that a majority of its foreign earnings will be repatriated to the U.S. Effective January 1, 2018, the U.S. moved to a territorial system of international taxation, and as such will generally not subject future foreign earnings to U.S. taxation upon repatriation in future years.
Management believes current cash, cash generated from operations and the $400 million available under the Credit Facility will be sufficient to satisfy future working capital, research and development activities, capital expenditures, pension contributions, and other financing requirements for at least the next twelve months. The Company principally holds its cash and cash equivalents in bank deposits and highly-rated money market funds.
The Company’s ability to generate positive cash flows from operations is dependent on general economic conditions, competitive pressures, and other business and risk factors described in this Annual Report. If the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash flows from operations, or otherwise comply with the terms of the Credit Facility or its term loan agreement, the Company may be required to seek additional financing alternatives.
Long-Term Debt. On June 28, 2022, we entered into a Credit Agreement that provides for (i) a five-year unsecured term loan in an aggregate principal amount of $500 million (the "Term Loan"), and (ii) a five-year unsecured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $400 million, including a $50 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $50 million sublimit for swingline loans (the "Revolving Facility" and, collectively with the Term Loan, the "Credit Facility"). The Credit Facility replaces our prior revolving credit agreement in the maximum principal of $400 million and our prior term loan agreement in the principal amount of $500 million, both of which were entered into in 2018 (the "Prior Agreements"). In connection with the execution of the Credit Facility, the $400 million term loan outstanding under the Prior Agreements was repaid in full. Our long-term debt is discussed in Note 12 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. In addition, as disclosed in Note 9 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Teradata entered into an interest rate swap to hedge approximately 90% of the floating interest rate of the total $500 million Term Loan and a cross currency swap to hedge a portion of Euro currency exposure of its net investment in certain foreign subsidiaries.
On September 21, 2023, the Credit Agreement was amended to establish key performance indicators with respect to certain environmental, social, and governance ("ESG") targets, pursuant to which certain positive or negative adjustments would be made to various fees and applicable margin based on Teradata’s performance against such ESG targets.
Leases. In the normal course of business, we enter into operating and finance leases that impact, or could impact, our liquidity. Leases and minimum lease obligations as of December 31, 2023 are described in detail in Note 13 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Contractual and Other Commercial Commitments. In the normal course of business, we enter into various contractual obligations that impact, or could impact, our liquidity. The following table and discussion outline our material obligations at December 31, 2023, with projected cash payments in the periods shown:
Total2025-2027-2029 and
In millionsAmounts202420262028Thereafter
Transition tax$52 $23 $29 $— $— 
Purchase obligations848 255 412 181 — 
Total transition tax and purchase obligations$900 $278 $441 $181 $— 
Transition tax is the remaining payable balance as of December 31, 2023 of the one-time tax on accumulated foreign earnings resulting from the 2017 Tax Act. The payments associated with this deemed repatriation are being paid over seven years ending in 2025. Purchase obligations are committed purchase orders and other contractual
40

commitments for goods and services and include non-cancelable contractual payments for fixed or minimum amounts to be purchased in relation to service agreements with various vendors for ongoing telecommunications, information technology, hosting and other services.
Additionally, we had $40 million of unrecognized tax benefits recorded on our balance sheet as of December 31, 2023, of which $19 million is recorded in non-current liabilities and $21 million is reflected as an offset to deferred tax assets related to certain tax attribute carryforwards. These items are not included in the table of obligations shown above. The settlement period for the non-current income tax liabilities cannot be reasonably estimated as the timing and the amount of the payments, if any, will depend on possible future tax examinations with the various tax authorities.
We also have postemployment and international pension obligations that may affect future cash flow. These items are not included in the table of obligations shown above. We are also potentially subject to concentration of supplier risk. Our hardware components are assembled primarily by Flex Ltd. ("Flex"). Flex procures a wide variety of components used in the manufacturing process on our behalf. Although many of these components are available from multiple sources, we utilize preferred supplier relationships to better ensure more consistent quality, cost, and delivery. Typically, these preferred suppliers maintain alternative processes and/or facilities to ensure continuity of supply. Given our strategy to outsource manufacturing activities to Flex and to source certain components from single suppliers, a disruption in production at Flex or at a supplier could impact the timing of customer shipments and/or Teradata’s operating results. In addition, a significant change in the forecasts to any of these preferred suppliers could result in purchase obligations or components that may be in excess of demand. Postemployment and pension obligations are described in detail in "Note 8—Employee Benefit Plans" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements. We do not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or for other contractually narrow or limited purposes.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP. In connection with the preparation of these financial statements, we are required to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the related disclosure of contingent liabilities. These assumptions, estimates and judgments are based on historical experience and assumptions that are believed to be reasonable at the time. However, because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. Our critical accounting policies are those that require assumptions to be made about matters that are highly uncertain. Different estimates could have a material impact on our financial results. Judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of these policies and estimates may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or circumstances. Our management periodically reviews these estimates and assumptions to ensure that our financial statements are presented fairly and are materially correct.
In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require significant management judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting among available alternatives would not produce a materially different result. The significant accounting policies and estimates that we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results are discussed in the paragraphs below. Teradata’s senior management has reviewed these critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of Teradata’s Board of Directors. For additional information regarding our accounting policies and other disclosures required by GAAP, see "Note 1—Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
41

Revenue Recognition
Revenue recognition for complex contractual arrangements requires judgment, including a review of specific contracts, past experience, creditworthiness of customers, international laws and other factors. Specifically, complex arrangements with nonstandard terms and conditions may require significant contract interpretation to determine the appropriate accounting. We must also apply judgment in determining all performance obligations in the contract and in determining the standalone selling price of each performance obligation, considering the price charged for each product when sold on a standalone basis and applicable renewal rates for services and subscriptions. Changes in judgments about these factors could impact the timing and amount of revenue recognized between periods.
We review the standalone selling price on a periodic basis and update it, when appropriate, to ensure that the practices employed reflect our recent pricing experience. We maintain internal controls over the establishment and updates of these estimates, which includes review and approval by management. For the year ended December 31, 2023 there was no material impact to revenue resulting from changes in the standalone selling price, nor do we expect a material impact from such changes in the near term. Refer to Notes 1 and 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for discussion of our revenue recognition policies.
Income Taxes
In accounting for income taxes, we recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. The deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the enacted tax rates expected to apply in the periods in which the deferred tax assets or liabilities are expected to be settled or realized. The Company made an accounting policy election in 2018 related to the 2017 Tax Act to provide for the tax expense related to GILTI in the year the tax is incurred.
Effective January 1, 2018, the United States moved to a territorial system of international taxation, and as such will generally not subject future foreign earnings to United States taxation upon repatriation in future years. The Company considers a majority of its foreign earnings not indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States. However, these distributions may be subject to non-U.S. withholding taxes if profits are distributed from certain jurisdictions; accordingly, the Company has recorded $5 million of deferred foreign tax expense with respect to certain earnings that are not considered permanently reinvested. Deferred taxes have not been provided on earnings considered indefinitely reinvested.
We account for uncertainty in income taxes by prescribing thresholds and attributes for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. We may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. We record any interest and/or penalties related to uncertain tax positions in the income tax expense line on our Consolidated Statements of Income. As of December 31, 2023, the Company has a total of $40 million of unrecognized tax benefits, of which $19 million is included in the other liabilities section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as a non-current liability and $21 million of uncertain tax positions relates to certain tax attributes generated by the Company which are netted against the underlying deferred tax assets recorded on the balance sheet.
We regularly review our deferred tax assets for recoverability and establish a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. We have recorded $90 million in 2023 and $69 million in 2022 for valuation allowances, $69 million of which offset our California R&D tax credit carryfoward, and $15 million of which relates to our US Foreign Tax Credit Carryforward, as the Company expects to continue to generate excess California R&D & Foreign tax credits into the foreseeable future.
On January 1, 2020, we transferred certain of our intellectual property among our wholly-owned subsidiaries, which resulted in the recognition of deferred tax assets of $157 million. The recognition of deferred tax assets from intra-entity transfers of intellectual property required us to make significant estimates and assumptions to determine the fair value of such intellectual property. Significant assumptions in valuing the intellectual property include, but are not limited to, internal revenue and expense forecasts, and the discount rate. The sustainability of our future tax benefits is dependent upon the acceptance of these valuation estimates and assumptions by the taxing authorities.
42

Stock-based Compensation
We issue service-based and performance-based restricted share units. We measure compensation cost for service-based restricted share unit awards at fair value and recognize compensation expense over the service period. Our performance-based restricted share units vest only if specific performance conditions are satisfied. The number of shares that will be earned pursuant to our performance-based restricted share unit awards will vary based on actual performance. No shares will vest if the threshold objectives are not met. In the event the objectives are exceeded, additional shares will vest up to a maximum payout. The cost of our performance-based restricted share awards is expensed over the performance period based upon management’s estimate and analysis of the probability of meeting the performance criteria. Because the actual number of shares to be awarded is not known until the end of the performance period, the actual compensation expense related to our performance-based restricted share unit awards could differ from our current expectations. We account for forfeitures for both service-based and performance-based restricted share units as they occur instead of estimating forfeitures at the time of grant and revising those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from our estimates.
Goodwill and Acquired Intangible Assets
The Company reviews goodwill for impairment annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable. For 2023, the Company performed a quantitative impairment test. In this test, the Company compared the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. The Company typically determines the fair value of its reporting units using a weighting of fair values derived from the income and market approaches. Under the income approach, the Company calculates the fair value of a reporting unit based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. The market approach estimates fair value based on market multiples of revenue and earnings derived from comparable companies with similar operating and investment characteristics as the reporting unit. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets assigned to that unit, goodwill is not impaired. If the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then the Company records an impairment loss equal to the difference. In the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company performed its annual impairment test of goodwill and determined that no impairment to the carrying value of goodwill was necessary.
Determining the fair value of goodwill and acquired intangibles is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions include revenue growth rates and operating margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, discount rates and future economic and market conditions. The Company’s estimates are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. These valuations require the use of management’s assumptions, which may not reflect unanticipated events and circumstances that may occur.
Pension and Postemployment Benefits
We measure pension and postemployment benefit costs and credits using actuarial valuations. Actuarial assumptions attempt to anticipate future events and are used in calculating the expense and liability relating to these plans. These factors include assumptions we make about interest rates, expected investment return on plan assets, total and involuntary turnover rates, and rates of future compensation increases. In addition, our actuarial consultants also use subjective factors such as withdrawal rates and mortality rates to develop our valuations. We review and update these assumptions on an annual basis at the beginning of each fiscal year. We are required to consider current market conditions, including changes in interest rates, in making these assumptions. The actuarial assumptions that we use may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions, higher or lower withdrawal rates, or longer or shorter life spans of participants. These differences may result in a significant impact to the measurement of our pension and postemployment benefit obligations and to the amount of pension and postemployment benefits expense we have recorded or may record. For example, as of December 31, 2023, a one-half percent increase/decrease in the discount rate would change the projected benefit obligation of our pension plans by approximately $7 million, and a one-half percent increase/decrease in our involuntary turnover assumption would change our postemployment benefit obligation by approximately $5 million.

43

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
A discussion of recently issued accounting pronouncements is described in "Note 1—Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report, and we incorporate such discussion by reference.
Item 7A.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The Company employs a foreign currency hedging strategy to limit potential losses in earnings or cash flows from adverse foreign currency exchange rate movements. Foreign currency exposures arise from transactions denominated in a currency other than the Company’s functional currency and from foreign denominated revenue and profit translated into U.S. dollars. The Company operates in approximately 40 countries and is exposed to various foreign currencies in the Americas region (North America and Latin America), EMEA region (Europe, Middle East, and Africa) and APJ region (Asia Pacific and Japan). Exposures are hedged with foreign currency forward contracts with maturity dates of twelve months or less. The potential loss in fair value at December 31, 2023, for such contracts resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in all foreign currency exchange rates is immaterial. Any loss would be mitigated by corresponding gains on the underlying exposures.
In June 2022, Teradata entered into a four-year interest rate swap to hedge approximately 90% of the floating interest rate of the total $500 million Term Loan and a cross currency swap to hedge a portion of Euro currency exposure of its net investment in certain foreign subsidiaries as more fully described in "Note 12 - Debt" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report. The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage interest rate risks on future interest payments caused by interest rate changes on its variable rate term loan facility. The notional amount of the hedge will step-down according to the amortization schedule of the term loan. The fair value of these contracts and swaps are measured at the end of each reporting period using observable inputs other than quoted prices, specifically market spot and forward exchange rates. The fair value of interest rate swaps recorded in other assets at December 31, 2023 was $8 million. A hypothetical 50 basis point increase/decrease in interest rates would result in an increase/decrease to the fair value of the hedge of approximately $6 million. The fair value of the net investment Euro currency hedge recorded in other liabilities at December 31, 2023 was $8 million. A hypothetical 50 basis point increase/decrease in currency exchange rates would result in an increase/decrease to the fair value of the hedge of approximately $2 million. 
For additional information regarding the Company’s foreign currency hedging strategy and interest rate swaps, see "Note 9 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report.

Item 8.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Teradata Corporation
Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Teradata Corporation and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the related consolidated statements of income, of comprehensive income, of changes in stockholders’ equity and of cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, including the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a)(2) (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria
44

established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.
Basis for Opinions
The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i)
45

relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Revenue Recognition - Evaluation of Nonstandard Terms and Conditions with Customers
As described in Notes 1 and 3 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has $1,833 million of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023, of which a significant portion is generated from revenue with contracts which contain multiple performance obligations. When the Company enters into contracts with multiple performance obligations, management allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation using the relative standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. As disclosed by management, revenue recognition for complex contractual arrangements requires judgment, including a review of specific contracts and other factors. Specifically, complex arrangements with nonstandard terms and conditions may require significant contract interpretation to determine the appropriate accounting, including the determination whether promised goods or services are capable of being distinct and distinct within the context of the contract. If these criteria are not met, the promised goods or services are combined with other goods or services and accounted for as a combined performance obligation.
The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to revenue recognition, specifically related to the evaluation of nonstandard terms and conditions with customers, is a critical audit matter are the significant judgment by management in evaluating the impact of nonstandard terms and conditions with customers on revenue recognition and determining the appropriate revenue recognition. This in turn led to significant auditor judgment, subjectivity, and effort in performing procedures to evaluate the impact of nonstandard terms and conditions on revenue recognition.
Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included testing the effectiveness of controls relating to the revenue recognition process, including controls over the evaluation of the impact of nonstandard terms and conditions with customers on revenue recognition. These procedures also included, among others (i) evaluating and testing management’s process for determining whether the criteria for revenue recognition have been met based on the specific terms and performance under the arrangement, and (ii) examining revenue arrangements on a test basis, which included evaluating the impact of nonstandard terms and conditions with customers on revenue recognition.
/s/PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Atlanta, Georgia
February 23, 2024
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2007.
46

TERADATA CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Income
In millions, except per share amounts
 
 For the Years Ended December 31
 202320222021
Revenue
Subscription software licenses$310 $289 $303 
Services and other1,182 1,130 1,161 
Total recurring1,492 1,419 1,464 
Perpetual software licenses, hardware and other45 65 77 
Consulting services296 311 376 
Total revenue1,833 1,795 1,917 
Cost of revenue
Subscription software licenses20 22 12 
Services and other398 375 353 
Total recurring418 397 365 
Perpetual software licenses, hardware and other38 47 43 
Consulting services262 270 323 
Total cost of revenue718 714 731 
Gross profit1,115 1,081 1,186 
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses635 650 646 
Research and development expenses294 313 309 
Total operating expenses929 963 955 
Income from operations186 118 231 
Other expense, net
Interest expense(30)(24)(26)
Interest income25 15 6 
Other expense(64)(42)(19)
Total other expense, net(69)(51)(39)
Income before income taxes117 67 192 
Income tax expense55 34 45 
Net income$62 $33 $147 
Net income per weighted average common share
Basic$0.62 $0.32 $1.35 
Diluted$0.61 $0.31 $1.30 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
Basic99.8 103.2 108.6 
Diluted102.4 105.8 112.9 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

47

TERADATA CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
In millions
 
 For the Years Ended December 31
 202320222021
Net income$62 $33 $147 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments6 (30)(12)
Unrealized loss on cross-currency net investment hedge, before tax(7)(1) 
Unrealized loss on cross-currency net investment hedge, tax portion2   
Total currency translation adjustments1 (31)(12)
Derivatives:
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivatives, before tax(5)25 14 
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivatives, tax portion1 (6)(3)
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivatives, net of tax(4)19 11 
Defined benefit plans:
Reclassification of loss to net income7 9 11 
Defined benefit plan adjustment, before tax(17)33 (2)
Defined benefit plan adjustment, tax portion3 (11)(3)
Defined benefit plan adjustment, net of tax(7)31 6 
Other comprehensive (loss) income(10)19 5 
Comprehensive income$52 $52 $152 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

48

TERADATA CORPORATION
Consolidated Balance Sheets
In millions, except per share amounts
 At December 31
 20232022
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$486 $569 
Accounts receivable, net286 364 
Inventories13 8 
Other current assets84 87 
Total current assets869 1,028 
Property and equipment, net239 244 
Right of use assets - operating lease, net9 13 
Goodwill398 390 
Capitalized contract costs, net68 92 
Deferred income taxes221 213 
Other assets69 42 
Total assets$1,873 $2,022 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities
Current portion of long-term debt$19 $ 
Current portion of finance lease liability66 67 
Current portion of operating lease liability6 8 
Accounts payable100 94 
Payroll and benefits liabilities130 137 
Deferred revenue570 589 
Other current liabilities105 112 
Total current liabilities996 1,007 
Long-term debt480 498 
Finance lease liability63 54 
Operating lease liability6 10 
Pension and other postemployment plan liabilities102 101 
Long-term deferred revenue22 8 
Deferred tax liabilities8 7 
Other liabilities61 79 
Total liabilities1,738 1,764 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Stockholders’ equity
Preferred stock: par value $0.01 per share, 100.0 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
  
Common stock: par value $0.01 per share, 500.0 shares authorized, 97.9 and 101.1 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
1 1 
Paid-in capital2,074 1,941 
Accumulated deficit(1,811)(1,565)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(129)(119)
Total stockholders’ equity135 258 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,873 $2,022 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
49

TERADATA CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
In millions
 For the Years Ended December 31
 202320222021
Operating activities
Net income$62 $33 $147 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization116 134 149 
Stock-based compensation expense126 126 112 
Deferred income taxes(11)(26)14 
Loss on Blue Chip Swap13   
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Receivables78 (28)(5)
Inventories(5)18 3 
Account payables and accrued expenses7 35 17 
Deferred revenue(5)18 42 
Other assets and liabilities(6)109 (16)
Net cash provided by operating activities375 419 463 
Investing activities
Expenditures for property and equipment(19)(14)(28)
Additions to capitalized software(1)(2)(3)
Business acquisitions, other investing activities and proceeds on Blue Chip Swap, net of purchases(29)(2) 
Net cash used in investing activities(49)(18)(31)
Financing activities
Repurchases of common stock(308)(387)(244)
Proceeds from long-term borrowings 500  
Repayments of long-term borrowings (413)(44)
Payments of finance leases(82)(86)(92)
Other financing activities, net7 5 24 
Net cash used in financing activities(383)(381)(356)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(28)(44)(14)
(Decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(85)(24)62 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year571 595 533 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year$486 $571 $595 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash to the Consolidated Balance Sheets
Cash and cash equivalents$486 $569 $592 
Restricted cash 2 3 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$486 $571 $595 
Supplemental data
Supplemental cash flow disclosure:
Assets acquired by finance lease$90 $78 $76 
Assets acquired by operating lease$6 $4 $9 
Annual variable incentive payout settled in equity$ $ $17 
Cash paid during the year for:
Income taxes, net$65 $(18)$44 
Interest$30 $23 $26 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
50

TERADATA CORPORATION
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
In millions
 Common StockPaid-inRetained Earnings (Accumulated Accumulated Other Comprehensive 
 SharesAmountCapitalDeficit)(Loss) incomeTotal
December 31, 2020108 $1 $1,656 $(1,114)$(143)$400 
Net income— — — 147 — 147 
Employee stock compensation, employee stock purchase programs and option exercises, net of tax5 — 152 — — 152 
Repurchases of common stock, retired(6)— — (244)— (244)
Pension and postemployment benefit plans, net of tax— — — — 6 6 
Unrealized gain on derivatives, net of tax— — — — 11 11 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (12)(12)