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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
 FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2024
OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____ to ____
 
Commission File No. 001-33866
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 45-0357838
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

644 East Beaton Drive
West Fargo, ND 58078-2648
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number (701) 356-0130

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.00001 par value per shareTITNThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 

    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes     No  

As of May 27, 2024, 22,817,789 shares of Common Stock, $0.00001 par value, of the registrant were outstanding.


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
 Table of Contents
 Page No.
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES, USE OF PROCEEDS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
Exhibit Index
Signatures

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
Assets
Current Assets
Cash$35,684 $38,066 
Receivables, net of allowance for expected credit losses134,142 153,657 
Inventories, net 1,429,762 1,303,030 
Prepaid expenses and other15,301 24,262 
Total current assets1,614,889 1,519,015 
Noncurrent Assets
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation 304,472 298,774 
Operating lease assets51,858 54,699 
Deferred income taxes517 529 
Goodwill62,979 64,105 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization51,301 53,356 
Other1,651 1,783 
Total noncurrent assets472,778 473,246 
Total Assets$2,087,667 $1,992,261 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$47,629 $43,846 
Floorplan payable 1,024,999 893,846 
Current maturities of long-term debt13,890 13,706 
Current operating lease liabilities10,918 10,751 
Deferred revenue84,900 115,852 
Accrued expenses and other65,402 74,400 
Total current liabilities1,247,738 1,152,401 
Long-Term Liabilities
Long-term debt, less current maturities 105,440 106,407 
Operating lease liabilities47,693 50,964 
Deferred income taxes21,740 22,607 
Other long-term liabilities2,455 2,240 
Total long-term liabilities177,328 182,218 
Commitments and Contingencies
Stockholders' Equity
Common stock, par value $.00001 per share, 45,000,000 shares authorized; 22,818,170 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2024; 22,848,138 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2024
  
Additional paid-in-capital258,700 258,657 
Retained earnings406,666 397,225 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(2,765)1,760 
Total stockholders' equity 662,601 657,642 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$2,087,667 $1,992,261 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
3

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
Revenue
Equipment$468,089 $429,376 
Parts108,226 96,606 
Service45,079 34,933 
Rental and other7,309 8,716 
Total Revenue628,703 569,631 
Cost of Revenue
Equipment412,239 368,262 
Parts73,151 65,103 
Service16,776 12,409 
Rental and other4,782 5,277 
Total Cost of Revenue506,948 451,051 
Gross Profit121,755 118,580 
Operating Expenses99,158 81,315 
Income from Operations22,597 37,265 
Other (Expense) Income
Interest and other (expense) income(288)720 
Floorplan interest expense(7,064)(1,272)
Other interest expense(2,459)(1,274)
Income Before Income Taxes12,786 35,439 
Provision for Income Taxes3,345 8,474 
Net Income$9,441 $26,965 
Earnings per Share:
Basic$0.41 $1.19 
Diluted$0.41 $1.19 
Weighted Average Common Shares:
Basic22,542 22,441 
Diluted22,546 22,448 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
Net Income$9,441 $26,965 
Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Foreign currency translation adjustments(4,525)1,096 
Comprehensive Income$4,916 $28,061 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Shares OutstandingAmount
Balance at January 31, 202422,848 $— $258,657 $397,225 $1,760 $657,642 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax(30)— (794)— — (794)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 837 — — 837 
Net income— — — 9,441 — 9,441 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (4,525)(4,525)
Balance at April 30, 202422,818 $— $258,700 $406,666 $(2,765)$662,601 
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Shares OutstandingAmount
Balance at January 31, 202322,698 $— $256,541 $284,784 $(5,019)$536,306 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax(29)— (993)— — (993)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 659 — — 659 
Net income— — — 26,965 — 26,965 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 1,096 1,096 
Balance at April 30, 202322,669 $— $256,207 $311,749 $(3,923)$564,033 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
6


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
Operating Activities
Net income$9,441 $26,965 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization8,715 6,948 
Deferred income taxes(379)(904)
Stock-based compensation expense837 659 
Noncash interest expense88 64 
Other, net3,767 1,663 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions
Receivables20,115 (32,307)
Prepaid expenses and other assets6,815 1,274 
Inventories(137,760)(140,107)
Manufacturer floorplan payable92,084 86,259 
Deferred revenue(30,670)(23,987)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other and other long-term liabilities(5,407)(4,231)
Net Cash Used for Operating Activities(32,354)(77,704)
Investing Activities
Rental fleet purchases(2,968)(1,329)
Property and equipment purchases (excluding rental fleet)(10,757)(9,599)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment950 2,850 
Acquisition consideration, net of cash acquired(260)(17,463)
Other, net131 (759)
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities(12,904)(26,300)
Financing Activities
Net change in non-manufacturer floorplan payable46,442 97,266 
Proceeds from long-term debt borrowings 5,131 
Principal payments on long-term debt and finance leases(2,567)(3,207)
Other, net(794)(994)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities43,081 98,196 
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash(205)252 
Net Change in Cash(2,382)(5,556)
Cash at Beginning of Period38,066 43,913 
Cash at End of Period$35,684 $38,357 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information
Cash paid during the period
Income taxes, net of refunds$1,043 $84 
Interest$9,458 $2,090 
Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
Net property and equipment financed with long-term debt, finance leases, accounts payable and accrued liabilities$508 $1,473 
Net transfer of assets to property and equipment from inventories$(746)$(935)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
7

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
NOTE 1 - BUSINESS ACTIVITY AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The quarterly operating results for Titan Machinery Inc. (the “Company”) are subject to fluctuation due to varying weather patterns, which may impact the timing and amount of equipment purchases, rentals, and after-sales parts and service purchases by the Company’s agriculture, construction and international customers. Therefore, operating results for the three-months ended April 30, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending January 31, 2025. The information contained in the consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2024 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company for the fiscal year then ended. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 as filed with the SEC.
Nature of Business
The Company is engaged in the retail sale, service and rental of agricultural and construction machinery through its stores in the United States, Europe, and Australia. The Company’s North American stores are located in Colorado, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Internationally, the Company's European stores are located in Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, and Ukraine and the Company's Australian stores are located in New South Wales, South Australia, and Victoria in Southeastern Australia.
Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, particularly related to realization of inventory, impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill, or indefinite lived intangible assets, collectability of receivables, and income taxes.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material accounts, transactions and profits between the consolidated companies have been eliminated in consolidation.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which updates reportable segment disclosure requirements primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments should be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of the amendments and the impact on its future consolidated statements.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures, which requires additional income tax disclosures in the rate reconciliation table for federal, state and foreign income taxes, in addition to more details about the reconciling items in some categories when items meet a certain quantitative threshold. ASU 2023-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of the amendments and the impact on its future consolidated statements.
8

In March 2024, the SEC adopted new rules that will require registrants to provide certain climate-related information in their registration statements and annual reports. The rules require information about a registrant's climate-related risks that are reasonably likely to have a material impact on its business, results of operations, or financial condition. The required information about climate-related risks will also include disclosure of a registrant's greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the rules will require registrants to present certain climate-related financial metrics in their audited financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the rules and the impact on its future consolidated statements.
NOTE 2 - EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS):
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
 (in thousands, except per share data)
Numerator:
Net income$9,441 $26,965 
Allocation to participating securities(123)(295)
Net income attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. common stockholders$9,318 $26,670 
Denominator:
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding22,542 22,441 
Plus: incremental shares from vesting of restricted stock units4 7 
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding22,546 22,448 
Earnings Per Share:
Basic$0.41 $1.19 
Diluted$0.41 $1.19 
NOTE 3 - REVENUE
Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the customer, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to collect in exchange for those goods or services. Sales, value added and other taxes collected from our customers concurrent with our revenue activities are excluded from revenue.
The following tables present our revenue disaggregated by revenue source and segment:
Three Months Ended April 30, 2024
AgricultureConstructionEurope
Australia (1)
Total
(in thousands)
Equipment$338,713 $47,095 $47,499 $34,782 $468,089 
Parts74,965 11,830 14,524 6,907 108,226 
Service32,943 6,800 2,757 2,579 45,079 
Other875 316 153 151 1,495 
Revenue from contracts with customers
447,496 66,041 64,933 44,419 622,889 
Rental191 5,451 172 — 5,814 
Total revenue$447,687 $71,492 $65,105 $44,419 $628,703 
(1) Australia segment was acquired through the J.J. O’Connor & Sons Pty. Ltd. ("O’Connors") acquisition that closed in October 2023.
9

Three Months Ended April 30, 2023
AgricultureConstructionEuropeTotal
(in thousands)
Equipment$325,660 $45,458 $58,258 $429,376 
Parts69,547 13,664 13,395 96,606 
Service26,266 6,336 2,331 34,933 
Other1,167 360 359 1,886 
Revenue from contracts with customers422,640 65,818 74,343 562,801 
Rental555 6,178 97 6,830 
Total revenue$423,195 $71,996 $74,440 $569,631 
Unbilled Receivables and Deferred Revenue
Unbilled receivables from contracts with customers amounted to $30.1 million and $22.3 million as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, respectively. This increase in unbilled receivables is primarily the result of a seasonal increase in the volume of our service transactions in which we recognize revenue as our work is performed and prior to customer invoicing.
Deferred revenue from contracts with customers amounted to $83.8 million and $114.6 million as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, respectively. Our deferred revenue most often increases in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year due to a higher level of customer down payments or prepayments and longer time periods between customer payment and delivery of the equipment asset, and the related recognition of equipment revenue, prior to its seasonal use. During the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, the Company recognized $76.7 million and $66.4 million, respectively, of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of January 31, 2024 and January 31, 2023, respectively. No material amount of revenue was recognized during the three months ended April 30, 2024 or 2023 from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods.     
NOTE 4 - RECEIVABLES
The Company provides an allowance for expected credit losses on its nonrental receivables. To measure the expected credit losses, receivables have been grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics as shown in the table below.
Trade and unbilled receivables from contracts with customers have credit risk and the allowance is determined by applying expected credit loss percentages to aging categories based on historical experience that are updated each quarter. The rates may also be adjusted to the extent future events are expected to differ from historical results. In addition, the allowance is adjusted based on information obtained by continued monitoring of individual customer credit.
Short-term receivables from finance companies, other receivables due from manufacturers, and other receivables have not historically resulted in any credit losses to the Company. These receivables are short-term in nature and deemed to be of good credit quality and have no need for any allowance for expected credit losses. Management continually monitors these receivables and should information be obtained that identifies potential credit risk, an adjustment to the allowance would be made if deemed appropriate.
Trade and unbilled receivables from rental contracts are primarily in the United States and are specifically excluded from the accounting guidance in determining an allowance for expected losses. The Company provides an allowance for these receivables based on historical experience and using credit information obtained from continued monitoring of customer accounts.
10

April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
Trade and unbilled receivables from contracts with customers
Trade receivables due from customers$66,757 $83,187 
Unbilled receivables30,134 22,324 
Less allowance for expected credit losses3,253 3,038 
93,638 102,473 
Short-term receivables due from finance companies24,765 28,486 
Trade and unbilled receivables from rental contracts
Trade receivables3,239 3,101 
Unbilled receivables899 666 
Less allowance for expected credit losses584 465 
3,554 3,302 
Other receivables
Due from manufacturers11,583 18,775 
Other602 621 
12,185 19,396 
Receivables, net of allowance for expected credit losses$134,142 $153,657 
Following is a summary of allowance for credit losses on trade and unbilled accounts receivable by segment:
AgricultureConstructionEurope
Australia (1)
Total
(in thousands)
Balance at January 31, 2024$164 $177 $2,638 59 $3,038 
Current expected credit loss provision51 64 121 37 273 
Write-offs charged against allowance17 22 5 — 44 
Credit loss recoveries collected 2  — 2 
Foreign exchange impact— — (10)(6)(16)
Balance at April 30, 2024$198 $221 $2,744 $90 $3,253 
(1) Australia segment was acquired through the O'Connors acquisition that closed in October 2023.
AgricultureConstructionEuropeTotal
(in thousands)
Balance at January 31, 2023$367 $124 $2,589 $3,080 
Current expected credit loss provision30 62 191 283 
Write-offs charged against allowance44 42 15 101 
Credit loss recoveries collected12 1 2 15 
Foreign exchange impact— — 11 11 
Balance at April 30, 2023$365 $145 $2,778 $3,288 
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The following table presents impairment losses on receivables arising from sales contracts with customers and receivables arising from rental contracts reflected in Operating Expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Three Months Ended April 30,
20242023
(in thousands)
Impairment losses on:
Receivables from sales contracts$274 $282 
Receivables from rental contracts115 52 
$389 $334 
NOTE 5 - INVENTORIES
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
 (in thousands)
New equipment$850,930 $745,445 
Used equipment374,097 347,041 
Parts and attachments195,505 203,124 
Work in process9,230 7,420 
$1,429,762 $1,303,030 
NOTE 6 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
 (in thousands)
Rental fleet equipment$81,091 $79,308 
Machinery and equipment32,092 31,760 
Vehicles105,698 103,765 
Furniture and fixtures58,141 57,935 
Land, buildings, and leasehold improvements211,043 204,992 
488,065 477,760 
Less accumulated depreciation183,593 178,986 
$304,472 $298,774 
The Company includes depreciation expense related to its rental fleet and its trucking fleet, for hauling equipment, in Cost of Revenue, which was $1.9 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, respectively. All other depreciation expense is included in Operating Expenses, which was $6.0 million and $4.8 million for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for potential impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the long-lived asset (or asset group) may not be recoverable. Due to the results of the analyses, the Company concluded no impairments were necessary, thus no impairment was recognized for the three months ended April 30, 2024 or 2023.
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NOTE 7 - INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Finite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company's finite-lived intangible assets consist of customer relationships and covenants not to compete. The following is a summary of intangible assets with finite lives as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024:
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
CostAccumulated AmortizationNetCostAccumulated AmortizationNet
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Customer relationships$11,676 $(1,110)$10,566 $12,209 $(704)$11,505 
Covenants not to compete1,233 (517)716 1,236 (453)783 
$12,909 $(1,627)$11,282 $13,445 $(1,157)$12,288 
Total expense related to the amortization of intangible assets, which is recorded in operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, was $0.5 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Future amortization expense, as of April 30, 2024, is expected to be as follows:
Fiscal Year Ending January 31,
Amount
(in thousands)
2025 (remainder)$1,449 
20261,896 
20271,846 
20281,707 
20291,611 
Thereafter2,773 
$11,282 
Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company's indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of distribution rights assets. The following is a summary of the changes in indefinite-lived intangible assets, by segment, for the three months ended April 30, 2024:
AgricultureConstructionAustraliaTotal
(in thousands)
January 31, 2024$18,154 $72 $22,842 $41,068 
Foreign currency translation— — (1,049)(1,049)
April 30, 2024$18,154 $72 $21,793 $40,019 
Goodwill
The following presents changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by segment, for the three months ended April 30, 2024:
AgricultureEuropeAustraliaTotal
(in thousands)
January 31, 2024$37,820 $474 $25,811 $64,105 
Arising from business combinations 70 — 70 
Foreign currency translation (11)(1,185)(1,196)
April 30, 2024$37,820 $533 $24,626 $62,979 
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NOTE 8 - FLOORPLAN PAYABLE/LINES OF CREDIT
As of April 30, 2024, the Company had floorplan and working capital lines of credit totaling $1.4 billion, which is primarily comprised of three floorplan lines of credit: (i) a $875.0 million credit facility with CNH Industrial, (ii) a $275.0 million floorplan line of credit and a $75.0 million working capital line of credit under the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Bank Syndicate Agreement"), and (iii) a $80.0 million credit facility with DLL Finance LLC.
The Company's outstanding balances of floorplan lines of credit as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, consisted of the following:
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
CNH Industrial$672,905 $567,677 
Bank Syndicate Agreement Floorplan Loan194,550 162,845 
DLL Finance46,394 38,528 
Other outstanding balances with manufacturers and non-manufacturers111,150 124,796 
$1,024,999 $893,846 
As of April 30, 2024, the interest-bearing U.S. floorplan payables carried a variable interest rate with a range of 7.19% to 10.68% compared to a range of 7.22% to 10.70% as of January 31, 2024. As of April 30, 2024, foreign floorplan payables carried a variable interest rate with a range of 5.26% to 8.25%, compared to a range of 5.24% to 8.27% as of January 31, 2024, on multiple lines of credit. The Company had non-interest-bearing floorplan payables of $546.8 million and $507.7 million, as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, respectively.
On May 17, 2024, the Company entered into a Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Bank Syndicate Agreement") with a group of banks, which replaced the previous Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Existing Credit Facility") the Company had entered into in April 2020. The Credit Agreement provides for a secured credit facility in an amount of up to $500.0 million, consisting of $395.0 million floorplan facility and $105.0 million revolving operating line which can be used by both the U.S. Borrowers and the Australian Borrower. The maximum aggregate facility for the Australian Borrower cannot exceed $100.0 million and the U.S. Borrowers aggregate facility cannot exceed $485.0 million. The outstanding indebtedness under the Credit Agreement matures on May 17, 2029. The amounts available under the Bank Syndicate Agreement are subject to borrowing base calculations and reduced by outstanding standby letters of credit and certain reserves. The Bank Syndicate Agreement includes a variable interest rate on outstanding balances, charges a 0.25% non-usage fee on the average monthly unused amount, and requires monthly payments of accrued interest.
For the U.S. borrowings under the Credit Agreement, the Company elects at the time of any advance to choose a Base Rate Loan or a SOFR Rate Loan. The SOFR Rate is based upon one month, three month or six-month SOFR plus an adjustment (0.11448% for one-month term; 0.26161% for three-month term; and 0.42826% for six-month term), as chosen by the Company, but in no event shall the SOFR Rate be less than zero. The Base Rate is the greater of (a) the prime rate of interest announced, from time to time, by Bank of America; (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, and (c) one-month SOFR plus 1.0%, but in no event shall the Base Rate be less than zero. The effective interest rate on the Company’s borrowings is then calculated by adding an applicable margin to the SOFR Rate or Base Rate. The applicable margin is determined based on excess availability as determined under the Credit Agreement and ranges from 0.75% to 1.25% for Base Rate Loans and 1.75% to 2.25% for SOFR Rate Loans. The applicable margins for the U.S. loans under the Bank Syndicate Agreement are 0.25% higher than the margins under the Existing Credit Facility.
For the Australian borrowings under the Credit Agreement, the Company elects at the time of the advance to choose an Australian Base Rate Loan or an Australian Bill Rate Loan. The Australian Bill Rate is based on the Bank Bill Swap Reference Bid Rate with an equivalent term of the loan, but in no event shall the Australian Bill Rate be less than zero. The Australian Base Rate is the sum of 1% plus the interbank overnight cash rate calculated by the Reserve Bank of Australia (but in no event shall the Australian cash rate be less than zero). The effective interest rate on the Australian’s borrowings is then calculated by adding an applicable margin to the Australian Bill Rate or the Australian Base Rate. The applicable margin is determined based on excess availability as determined under the Credit Agreement and ranges from 1.75% to 2.25%.

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NOTE 9 - LONG TERM DEBT
The following is a summary of the Company's long-term debt as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024:
DescriptionMaturity DatesInterest RatesApril 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
Mortgage loans, securedVarious through May 2039
2.1% to 7.3%
$87,871 $88,669 
Sale-leaseback financing obligationsVarious through December 2030
3.4% to 10.3%
9,729 10,043 
Vehicle loans, securedVarious through September 2029
2.1% to 7.3%
15,211 14,433 
OtherVarious through July 2039
1.2% to 7.0%
6,519 6,968 
Total debt119,330 120,113 
Less: current maturities13,890 13,706 
Long-term debt, net$105,440 $106,407 
NOTE 10 - DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The Company holds derivative instruments for the purpose of minimizing exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates to which the Company is exposed in the normal course of its operations.
From time to time, the Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the effects of fluctuations in exchange rates on outstanding intercompany loans. The Company does not formally designate and document such derivative instruments as hedging instruments; however, the instruments are an effective economic hedge of the underlying foreign currency exposure. Both the gain or loss on the derivative instrument and the offsetting gain or loss on the underlying intercompany loan are recognized in earnings immediately, thereby eliminating or reducing the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on net income. The Company's foreign currency forward contracts generally have three-month maturities, maturing on the last day of each fiscal quarter. The notional value of outstanding foreign currency contracts was $26.6 million and $25.3 million as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, respectively.
As of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024, the fair value of the Company's outstanding derivative instruments was not material. Derivative instruments recognized as assets are recorded in prepaid expenses and other in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, and derivative instruments recognized as liabilities are recorded in accrued expenses and other in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The following table sets forth the gains and losses recognized in income from the Company’s derivative instruments for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023. Gains and losses are recognized in Interest and other income (expense) in the condensed consolidated statements of operations:
Three Months Ended April 30,
20242023
 (in thousands)
Foreign currency contract gain (loss)$153 $(60)
15

NOTE 11 - ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The following is a summary of the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), by component, for the three month periods ended April 30, 2024 and 2023:
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentNet Investment Hedging GainTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in thousands)
Balance, January 31, 2024$(951)$2,711 $1,760 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(4,525)— (4,525)
Balance, April 30, 2024(5,476)2,711 (2,765)
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentNet Investment Hedging GainTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in thousands)
Balance, January 31, 2023$(7,730)$2,711 $(5,019)
Other comprehensive income (loss)1,096 — 1,096 
Balance, April 30, 2023(6,634)2,711 (3,923)
NOTE 12 - LEASES
As Lessor
Revenue generated from leasing activities is disclosed, by segment, in Note 3 - Revenue. The following is the balance of our dedicated rental fleet assets, included in Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, of our Construction segment as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024:
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
Rental fleet equipment$81,091 $79,308 
Less accumulated depreciation26,990 27,282 
$54,101 $52,026 
NOTE 13 - FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
As of April 30, 2024, the fair value of the Company's foreign currency contracts, which are either assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, was not material. These foreign currency contracts were valued using a discounted cash flow analysis, which is an income approach, utilizing readily observable market data as inputs, which is classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement.
The Company also has financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets, including cash, receivables, payables and long-term debt. The carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximated their fair values as of April 30, 2024 and January 31, 2024. The fair value of these financial instruments was estimated based on Level 2 fair value inputs. The estimated fair value of the Company's Level 2 long-term debt, which is provided for disclosure purposes only, is as follows:
April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
Carrying amount$103,082 $99,031 
Fair value$96,350 $103,102 
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NOTE 14 - INCOME TAXES
Our effective tax rate was 26.2% and 23.9% for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023 were subject to various other factors such as the impact of certain discrete items, mainly the vesting of share-based compensation, the mix of domestic and foreign income, and the change of valuation allowances in certain foreign jurisdictions.
NOTE 15 - BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
Fiscal 2025
The Company acquired Gose Landtechnik e.K. on March 1, 2024, which consists of one location in Germany and is included in the Europe segment. This acquisition is not considered material to the overall consolidated financial statements during the three months ended April 30, 2024 and has been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of the acquisition.
Fiscal 2024
On October 2, 2023, we acquired all of the outstanding equity interests of O’Connors. The acquired business consisted of 15 Case IH dealership locations and one parts center in the states of New South Wales, South Australia, and Victoria in Southeastern Australia. O'Connors has been a successful Case IH complex, and our acquisition of O'Connors provides the Company the opportunity to expand our international presence into the large, well-established Australian agricultural market. Total cash consideration paid for O'Connors was $66.5 million, which was financed through available cash resources and line of credit availability. The 15 O’Connors stores locations are included within our Australia segment. The Company incurred $1.1 million in acquisition related expenses in connection with this acquisition, which are included in operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations for the year ended January 31, 2024.
The Company completed acquisitions that were not considered material, individually or collectively, to the overall consolidated financial statements during the year ended January 31, 2024. These acquisitions consisted of five locations of Pioneer Farm Equipment Co. on February 1, 2023, in the state of Idaho, one location of Midwest Truck Parts Inc. on June 1, 2023, in the state Minnesota and one location of Scott Supply Co. on January 10, 2024, in the state of South Dakota, all of which are included in the Agriculture segment. The Company also acquired MAREP GmbH on May 1, 2023, which included two locations in Germany and is included in the Europe segment. These acquisitions have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of the respective acquisition.

17

Purchase Price Allocation
Each of the above acquisitions has been accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting, which requires the Company to estimate the acquisition date fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. As of April 30, 2024, the purchase price allocation for all business combinations from fiscal year 2024 and prior are complete with the exception of the O'Connors acquisition for which we are still finalizing the closing tax balances and intangible asset valuations. The following summarizes the acquisition date fair value of consideration transferred and the acquisition date fair value of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including an amount for goodwill (in thousands):
O’Connors
October 2, 2023
(in thousands)
Assets acquired:
Cash$4,165 
Receivables8,323 
Inventories96,802 
Prepaid expenses and other314 
Property and equipment11,450 
Operating lease assets14,798 
Intangible assets acquired:
Customer Relationships10,928 
Distribution Rights21,470 
Goodwill24,261 
Total assets192,511 
Liabilities assumed:
Accounts payable4,702 
Floorplan payable74,815 
Current operating lease liabilities1,064 
Deferred revenue12,008 
Accrued expenses and other17,284 
Long-term debt2,371 
Operating lease liabilities13,733 
Total liabilities125,977 
Net assets acquired$66,534 
Goodwill recognized by segment:
Australia$24,261 
Goodwill expected to be deductible for tax purposes$ 
The recognition of goodwill in the above business combination arose from the acquisition of an assembled workforce and anticipated synergies expected to be realized. The acquired customer relationship intangible assets are being amortized on a straight line basis over a useful life of seven years. The distribution rights assets are indefinite-lived intangible assets not subject to amortization, but are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently upon the occurrence of certain events or when circumstances indicate that impairment may be present. The Company estimated the fair value of these intangible assets using a multi-period excess earnings model, an income approach.

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Pro Forma Information
The following summarized unaudited pro forma condensed statement of operations information for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023, assumes that the O'Connors acquisition occurred as of February 1, 2023. The Company prepared the following summarized unaudited pro forma financial results for comparative purposes only. The summarized unaudited pro forma information may not be indicative of the results that would have occurred had the Company completed the acquisition as of February 1, 2023 or that will be attained in the future.
Three Months Ended April 30,
20242023
(in thousands)
Total Revenues$628,703 $611,086 
Net Income$9,441 $27,706 
NOTE 16 - CONTINGENCIES
The Company is engaged in legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of business. Due to their nature, such legal proceedings involve inherent uncertainties, including but not limited to, court rulings, negotiations between affected parties and governmental intervention. Based upon the information available to the Company and discussions with legal counsel, it is the Company's opinion that the outcome of these various legal actions and claims will not have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows. These matters, however, are subject to many uncertainties, and the outcome of any matter is not predictable.
NOTE 17 - SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
The Company has four reportable segments: Agriculture, Construction, Europe and Australia. Revenue between segments is immaterial. The Company retains various unallocated income/(expense) items and assets at the general corporate level, which the Company refers to as “Shared Resources” in the table below. Shared Resources assets primarily consist of cash and property and equipment.
Certain financial information for each of the Company’s business segments is set forth below.
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
 (in thousands)
Revenue
Agriculture$447,687 $423,195 
Construction71,492 71,996 
Europe65,105 74,440 
Australia (1)
$44,419 $ 
Total$628,703 $569,631 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
Agriculture$13,045 $24,152 
Construction268 4,533 
Europe1,350 6,384 
Australia(486) 
Segment income before income taxes14,177 35,069 
Shared Resources(1,391)370 
Total$12,786 $35,439 
(1) Australia segment was acquired through the O'Connors acquisition that closed in October 2023.
 
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April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
 (in thousands)
Total Assets
Agriculture$1,247,645 $1,183,367 
Construction288,188 257,142 
Europe293,999 280,354 
Australia208,479 225,421 
Segment assets2,038,311 1,946,284 
Shared Resources49,356 45,977 
Total$2,087,667 $1,992,261 
Net sales and long-lived assets, by geographic area were as follows:
RevenueLong-lived assets
Three Months Ended
April 30,
20242023April 30, 2024January 31, 2024
(in thousands)
United States$519,179 $495,191 $309,205 $305,512 
Australia (1)
44,419  26,768 27,637 
Other international countries65,105 74,440 21,265 21,233 
$628,703 $569,631 $357,238 $354,382 
(1) Australia segment was acquired through the O'Connors acquisition that closed in October 2023.
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ITEM 2.                        MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024.
Overview
We own and operate a network of full service agricultural and construction equipment stores in the United States, Australia, and Europe. Based upon information provided to us by CNH Industrial N.V. or its U.S. subsidiary CNH Industrial America, LLC, we are the largest retail dealer of CaseIH Agriculture equipment in the world, one of the largest retail dealers of Case Construction equipment in North America and one of the largest retail dealers of New Holland Agriculture and New Holland Construction equipment in the United States. We operate our business through four reportable segments: Agriculture, Construction, Europe and Australia. Within each segment, we have four principal sources of revenue: new and used equipment sales, parts sales, service, and equipment rental and other activities.
Demand for agricultural equipment and, to a lesser extent, parts and service support, is impacted by agricultural commodity prices and net farm income. Based on February 2024 U.S. Department of Agriculture publications, net farm income is estimated to decrease by 25.5% in calendar year 2024, as compared to calendar year 2023, but remain in line with the average inflation adjusted net farm income for the previous 20 years.
For the first quarter of fiscal 2025, our net income was $9.4 million, or $0.41 per diluted share, compared to a fiscal 2024 first quarter net income of $27.0 million, or $1.19 per diluted share. Significant factors impacting the quarterly comparisons were:
Gross profit margin decreased to 19.4% for first quarter of fiscal 2025, as compared to 20.8% for the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The decrease in gross profit margin is primarily the result of a normalization of equipment gross profit margin as supply has caught up with demand.
Floorplan interest expense increased by $5.8 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2024, due to an increase in interest bearing inventory.
Revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 increased by 10.4% compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The revenue increase was led by additional revenue resulting from the acquisition of O'Connors, in October 2023.
Acquisitions
Fiscal 2024
J.J. O’Connor & Sons Pty. Ltd. Acquisition
On October 2, 2023, we acquired all of the outstanding equity interests of O’Connors. The acquired business consisted of 15 CaseIH dealership locations and one parts center in the states of New South Wales, South Australia, and Victoria in Southeastern Australia. O'Connors has been a successful Case IH complex, and our acquisition of this entity provides the Company with the opportunity to expand our international presence into the large, well-established Australian agriculture market. Total cash consideration paid for O'Connors was $66.5 million, which was financed through available cash resources and line of credit availability. The 15 O’Connors store locations are included within our new Australia segment.
ERP Transition
The Company is in the process of converting to a new Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP") application. The new ERP application is expected to provide data-driven and mobile-enabled sales and support tools to improve employee efficiency and deliver an enhanced customer experience. The Company has implemented a phased roll-out plan to integrate all of its domestic stores to the new ERP, which it plans to complete by the end of fiscal year 2025.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our critical accounting policies and estimates are included in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024. There have been no changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates since January 31, 2024.
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Results of Operations
The results presented below include the operating results of any acquisition made during these periods, from the date of acquisition, as well as the operating results of any stores closed or divested during these periods, up to the date of the store closure. The period-to-period comparisons included below are not necessarily indicative of future results. Segment information is provided later in the discussion and analysis of our results of operations.
Same-store sales for any period represent sales by stores that were part of the Company for the entire comparable period in the current and preceding fiscal years. We do not distinguish between relocated or recently expanded stores in this same-store analysis. Closed stores are excluded from the same-store analysis. Stores that do not meet the criteria for same-store classification are described as excluded stores throughout this Results of Operations section.
Comparative financial data for each of our four sources of revenue are expressed below.
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
 (dollars in thousands)
Equipment
Revenue$468,089 $429,376 
Cost of revenue412,239 368,262 
Gross profit$55,850 $61,114 
Gross profit margin11.9 %14.2 %
Parts
Revenue$108,226 $96,606 
Cost of revenue73,151 65,103 
Gross profit$35,075 $31,503 
Gross profit margin32.4 %32.6 %
Service
Revenue$45,079 $34,933 
Cost of revenue16,776 12,409 
Gross profit$28,303 $22,524 
Gross profit margin62.8 %64.5 %
Rental and other
Revenue$7,309 $8,716 
Cost of revenue4,782 5,277 
Gross profit$2,527 $3,439 
Gross profit margin34.6 %39.5 %

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The following table sets forth our statements of operations data expressed as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:
 Three Months Ended April 30,
 20242023
Revenue
Equipment74.5 %75.4 %
Parts17.2 %17.0 %
Service7.2 %6.1 %
Rental and other1.1 %1.5 %
Total Revenue100.0 %100.0 %
Total Cost of Revenue80.6 %79.2 %
Gross Profit Margin19.4 %20.8 %
Operating Expenses15.8 %14.3 %
Income from Operations3.6 %6.5 %
Other Expense(1.6)%(0.3)%
Income Before Income Taxes2.0 %6.2 %
Provision for Income Taxes0.5 %1.5 %
Net Income1.5 %4.7 %
Three Months Ended April 30, 2024 Compared to Three Months Ended April 30, 2023
Consolidated Results
Revenue
 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Equipment$468,089 $429,376 $38,713 9.0 %
Parts108,226 96,606 11,620 12.0 %
Service45,079 34,933 10,146 29.0 %
Rental and other7,309 8,716 (1,407)(16.1)%
Total Revenue$628,703 $569,631 $59,072 10.4 %
Total revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 was 10.4% or $59.1 million higher than the first quarter of fiscal 2024 driven primarily due to the acquisition of O'Connors that was completed in October 2023. Same-store sales increased by 1.1%, driven by an increase of 4.3% by the Agriculture segment, which was partially offset by European same-store sales decrease of 15.5%.
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 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Gross Profit
Equipment$55,850 $61,114 $(5,264)(8.6)%
Parts35,075 31,503 3,572 11.3 %
Service28,303 22,524 5,779 25.7 %
Rental and other2,527 3,439 (912)(26.5)%
Total Gross Profit$121,755 $118,580 $3,175 2.7 %
Gross Profit Margin
Equipment11.9 %14.2 %(2.3)%(16.2)%
Parts32.4 %32.6 %(0.2)%(0.6)%
Service62.8 %64.5 %(1.7)%(2.6)%
Rental and other34.6 %39.5 %(4.9)%(12.4)%
Total Gross Profit Margin19.4 %20.8 %(1.4)%(6.7)%
Gross Profit Mix
Equipment45.9 %51.5 %(5.6)%(10.9)%
Parts28.8 %26.6 %2.2 %8.3 %
Service23.2 %19.0 %4.2 %22.1 %
Rental and other2.1 %2.9 %(0.8)%(27.6)%
Total Gross Profit Mix100.0 %100.0 %
Gross profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 increased 2.7% or $3.2 million, as compared to the same period last year. Gross profit margin declined to 19.4% in the current quarter from 20.8% in the prior year quarter. The decrease in gross profit margin is primarily the result of a normalization of equipment gross profit margin as supply has caught up with demand.
Our Company-wide absorption rate — which is calculated by dividing our gross profit from sales of parts, service and rental fleet by our operating expenses, less commission expense on equipment sales, plus interest expense on floorplan payables and rental fleet debt — decreased to 71.2% for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to 83.5% during the same period last year, led by increased floorplan interest expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to the same period last year.
Operating Expenses
 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Operating Expenses$99,158 $81,315 $17,843 21.9 %
Operating Expenses as a Percentage of Revenue15.8 %14.3 %1.5 %10.5 %
Our operating expenses in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 increased 21.9% as compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The increase in operating expenses was led by additional operating expenses due to acquisitions that have taken place in the past year. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenue increased to 15.8% in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 from 14.3% in the first quarter of fiscal 2024.

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 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Interest and other income (expense)$(288)$720 $(1,008)(140.0)%
Floorplan interest expense(7,064)(1,272)5,792 455.3 %
Other interest expense(2,459)(1,274)1,185 93.0 %
The change in interest and other income (expense) for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024 was primarily the result of foreign currency fluctuations in the quarter, creating foreign currency losses for the first quarter fiscal 2025. The increase in floorplan interest expense for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 as compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024 was primarily due to a higher level of interest-bearing inventory in the first quarter of fiscal 2025. The increase in other interest expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2025 is the result of an increased amount of long term debt outstanding resulting from real estate purchased as part of dealership acquisitions and purchases of previously leased facilities in fiscal 2024 as well as increased borrowing on our CNH Industrial revolver line of credit.
Provision for Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Provision for Income Taxes$3,345 $8,474 $(5,129)(60.5)%
Our effective tax rate was 26.2% and 23.9% for each of the three months ended April 30, 2024 and April 30, 2023, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three months ended April 30, 2024 and 2023 were subject to various factors such as the impact of certain discrete items, mainly the vesting of share-based compensation and the mix of domestic and foreign income.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (“OECD”) Pillar Two Global Anti-Base Erosion (“GloBE”) model rules, issued under the OECD Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting, introduce a global minimum tax of 15% applicable to multinational enterprise groups with consolidated financial statement revenue in excess of €750 million. Numerous foreign jurisdictions have already enacted tax legislation based on the GloBE rules, with some effective as early as January 1, 2024. As of April 30, 2024, we recognized a nominal income tax expense for Pillar Two GloBE minimum tax. The Company is continuously monitoring the evolving application of this legislation and assessing its potential impact on our future tax liability.

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Segment Results
Certain financial information for our Agriculture, Construction, Europe and Australia business segments is presented below. “Shared Resources” in the table below refers to the various unallocated income/(expense) items that we have retained at the general corporate level. Revenue between segments is immaterial.
 Three Months Ended April 30,Increase/Percent
 20242023(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Revenue
Agriculture$447,687 $423,195 $24,492 5.8 %
Construction71,492 71,996 (504)(0.7)%
Europe65,105 74,440 (9,335)(12.5)%
Australia$44,419 $— $44,419 *N/M
Total$628,703 $569,631 $59,072 10.4 %
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
Agriculture$13,045 $24,152 $(11,107)(46.0)%
Construction268 4,533 (4,265)(94.1)%
Europe1,350 6,384 (5,034)(78.9)%
Australia(486)— (486)*N/M
Segment Income Before Income Taxes14,177 35,069 (20,892)(59.6)%
Shared Resources(1,391)370 (1,761)475.9 %
Total$12,786 $35,439 $(22,653)(63.9)%
*N/M = Not Meaningful
Agriculture 
Agriculture segment revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 increased 5.8% compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The higher revenue was driven primarily by the increase in same-store sales in our Agriculture segment of 4.3%. Same-store sales was positively impacted by the availability of equipment, but was partially offset by softer demand for equipment purchases which is being negatively impacted by the expected decrease in net farm income.
Agriculture segment income before income taxes for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 was $13.0 million compared to $24.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The decrease in gross profit is primarily the result of a normalization of equipment gross profit margin as supply has caught up with demand.
Construction
Construction segment revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 was essentially flat compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2024.
Our Construction segment income before taxes was $0.3 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to $4.5 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The decrease in segment results was led by increases in operating expenses and floorplan interest expense. The dollar utilization of our rental fleet decreased from 26.8% in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 to 21.7% in the first quarter of fiscal 2025. Dollar fleet utilization is calculated by dividing the rental revenue earned on our rental fleet by the average gross carrying value of our rental fleet (comprised of original equipment costs plus additional capitalized costs) for that period.
Europe
Europe segment revenue was $65.1 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to $74.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The decrease in revenue was impacted by a lower demand, which was impacted by a decrease in global commodity prices and higher interest rates.
Our Europe segment income before income taxes was $1.4 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to segment income before income taxes of $6.4 million for the same period last year. The decrease in segment pre-tax income was primarily the result of decreased equipment sales as noted above as well as gross profit margin normalization of equipment sales as supply has caught up with demand.
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Australia
We entered into the Australian market in October 2023 with the O'Connor acquisition. Australia segment revenue for fiscal 2024 was $44.4 million. Our Australia segment loss before income taxes was $0.5 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2025.
Shared Resources/Eliminations
We incur centralized expenses/income at our general corporate level, which we refer to as “Shared Resources,” and then allocate most of these net expenses to our segments. Since these allocations are set early in the year, unallocated balances may occur. Shared Resources loss before income taxes was $1.4 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2025 compared to profit before income taxes of $0.4 million for the same period last year. The lower Shared Resources results were primarily driven by foreign currency fluctuations.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash reserves, cash generated from operations, and borrowings under our floorplan and other credit facilities. We expect these sources of liquidity to be sufficient to fund our working capital requirements, acquisitions, capital expenditures and other investments in our business, service our debt, pay our tax and lease obligations and other commitments and contingencies, and meet any seasonal operating requirements for the foreseeable future, provided that our borrowing capacity under our credit agreements is dependent on compliance with various covenants as further described in the "Risk Factors" section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Equipment Inventory and Floorplan and Working Capital Payable Credit Facilities
As of April 30, 2024, the Company had floorplan payable lines of credit for equipment purchases totaling $1.4 billion, which is primarily comprised of a $875.0 million credit facility with CNH Industrial, a $275.0 million floorplan payable line and a $75.0 million working capital line of credit under the Bank Syndicate Agreement, and a $80.0 million credit facility with DLL Finance.
Our equipment inventory turnover decreased from 3.0 times for the rolling 12 month period ended April 30, 2023 to 2.0 times for the rolling 12 month period ended April 30, 2024. The decrease in equipment turnover was attributable to an increase in equipment inventory over the rolling 12 month period ended April 30, 2024. Our equity in equipment inventory, which reflects the portion of our equipment inventory balance that is not financed by floorplan payables, decreased to 16.3% as of April 30, 2024 from 18.2% as of January 31, 2024.
Adequacy of Capital Resources
Our primary uses of cash have been to fund our operating activities, including the purchase of inventories and providing for other working capital needs, meeting our debt service requirements, making payments due under our various leasing arrangements, funding capital expenditures, including rental fleet assets, and funding acquisitions. Based on our current operational performance, we believe our cash flow from operations, available cash and available borrowing capacity under our existing credit facilities will adequately provide for our liquidity needs for, at a minimum, the next 12 months.
As of April 30, 2024, we were in compliance with the financial covenants under our CNH Industrial and DLL Finance credit agreements and we were not subject to the fixed charge coverage ratio covenant under the Bank Syndicate Agreement as our adjusted excess availability plus eligible cash collateral (as defined therein) was not less than 15% of the lesser of (i) aggregate borrowing base and (ii) maximum credit amount as of April 30, 2024. While not expected to occur, if anticipated operating results were to create the likelihood of a future covenant violation, we would expect to work with our lenders on an appropriate modification or amendment to our financing arrangements.
Cash Flow
Cash Flow Used for Operating Activities
Net cash used for operating activities was $32.4 million for the first three months of fiscal 2025, compared to $77.7 million for the first three months of fiscal 2024. The change in net cash used for operating activities is primarily the result of timing and collections of accounts receivable, which was partially offset by lower net income for the first three months of fiscal 2025.
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Cash Flow Used for Investing Activities
Net cash used for investing activities was $12.9 million for the first three months of fiscal 2025, compared to $26.3 million for the first three months of fiscal 2024. The decrease in cash used for investing activities was primarily the result of the acquisitions of Pioneer Farm Equipment and MAREP in the first three months of fiscal 2024.
Cash Flow Provided by Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities was $43.1 million for the first three months of fiscal 2025 compared to $98.2 million for the first three months of fiscal 2024. The decrease in cash provided by financing activities was primarily the result of lower drawings on our non-manufacturer floorplan lines of credit in the first three months of fiscal 2025.
Information Concerning Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of April 30, 2024, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Therefore, we are not exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in these relationships.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2024, and in other materials filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (and included in oral statements or other written statements made by the Company).
Forward-looking statements are statements based on future expectations and specifically may include, among other things, the impact of farm income levels on customer demand for agricultural equipment and services, the effectiveness and expected benefits of our new ERP system and the timing of the phased roll-out of the ERP system to the Company's domestic locations, the general market conditions of the agricultural and construction industries, equipment inventory levels, and our primary liquidity sources, and the adequacy of our capital resources and sources of liquidity. Any statements that are not based upon historical facts, including the outcome of events that have not yet occurred and our expectations for future performance, are forward-looking statements. The words “potential,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “plan,” “anticipate,” and similar words and expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management. These forward-looking statements involve important risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect anticipated results or outcomes in the future and, accordingly, actual results or outcomes may differ from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of the Company. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the impact of the Russia -Ukraine conflict on our Ukrainian subsidiary, our ability to successfully integrate and realize growth opportunities and synergies in connection with the O'Connors acquisition, the risk that we have assumed unforeseen or other liabilities in connection with the O'Connors acquisition and the impact of those conditions and obligations imposed on us under the CaseIH dealer agreements entered into in connection with the Heartland companies acquisition for the commercial application equipment business, our substantial dependence on CNH Industrial, including CNH Industrial's ability to design, manufacture and allocate inventory to our stores in quantities necessary to satisfy our customer's demands, disruptions of supply chains and associated impacts on the Company's supply vendors and their ability to provide the Company with sufficient and timely inventory to meet customer demand, adverse market conditions in the agricultural and construction equipment industries, and those matters identified and discussed under the section titled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition to those matters, there may exist additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial that may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations and may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Other than as required by applicable law, we disclaim any obligation to update such risks and uncertainties or to publicly announce results of revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to reflect future events or developments.
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