Company Quick10K Filing
Timken
Price43.80 EPS4
Shares77 P/E11
MCap3,368 P/FCF9
Net Debt1,433 EBIT484
TEV4,802 TEV/EBIT10
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-10-29
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-03
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-01
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-14
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-31
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-07-31
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-01
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-15
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-31
10-Q 2018-05-01 Filed 2018-05-01
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-15
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-25
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-07-27
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-04-27
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-21
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-10-27
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-07-28
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-04-27
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-24
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-10-28
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-07-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-01
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-02
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-10
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-11
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-04-29
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-28
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-04
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-07-31
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-04-29
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-13
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-10-29
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-07-31
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-02
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-17
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-02
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-04
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-02
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-22
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-04
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-05
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-05
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-25
8-K 2020-10-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-10-28 Officers
8-K 2020-08-03 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-05-27
8-K 2020-05-08
8-K 2020-05-01
8-K 2020-04-18
8-K 2020-04-03
8-K 2020-03-20
8-K 2020-02-05
8-K 2020-01-30
8-K 2019-10-30
8-K 2019-07-31
8-K 2019-07-12
8-K 2019-06-25
8-K 2019-05-10
8-K 2019-05-01
8-K 2019-04-01
8-K 2019-02-07
8-K 2018-11-09
8-K 2018-10-29
8-K 2018-09-14
8-K 2018-09-06
8-K 2018-07-31
8-K 2018-07-27
8-K 2018-07-19
8-K 2018-05-08
8-K 2018-05-01
8-K 2018-03-19
8-K 2018-02-07
8-K 2018-01-31

TKR 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3 - Acquisitions
Note 4 - Revenue
Note 5 - Segment Information
Note 6 - Income Taxes
Note 7 - Earnings per Share
Note 8 - Inventories
Note 9 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 10 - Financing Arrangements
Note 11 - Contingencies
Note 12 - Equity
Note 13 - Impairment and Restructuring Charges
Note 14 - Retirement Benefit Plans
Note 15 - Other Postretirement Benefit Plans
Note 16 - Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Note 17 - Fair Value
Note 18 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 tkr93020exhibit311.htm
EX-31.2 tkr93020exhibit312.htm
EX-32 tkr93020exhibit32.htm

Timken Earnings 2020-09-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
4.73.82.81.90.90.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
1.20.90.60.40.1-0.22012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.70.40.1-0.2-0.5-0.82012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
tkr-20200930_g1.jpg
FORM 10-Q  
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to                          
Commission file number: 1-1169
THE TIMKEN COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Ohio34-0577130
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
4500 Mount Pleasant Street NW
North CantonOhio 44720-5450
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
234.262.3000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, without par valueTKRThe New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   
 Yes      No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common shares, as of the latest practicable date.
ClassOutstanding at September 30, 2020
Common Shares, without par value75,356,188 shares


Table of Contents
THE TIMKEN COMPANY
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q REPORT
PAGE
I.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
II.
Item 1.
Item1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.



Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
THE TIMKEN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2020201920202019
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Net sales$894.6 $914.0 $2,621.5 $2,893.7 
Cost of products sold630.9 636.5 1,848.6 2,007.9 
Gross Profit263.7 277.5 772.9 885.8 
Selling, general and administrative expenses132.7 148.0 398.1 459.4 
Impairment and restructuring charges12.0 1.6 18.7 3.5 
Operating Income119.0 127.9 356.1 422.9 
Interest expense(16.3)(18.2)(52.3)(55.5)
Interest income0.9 1.1 3.0 3.5 
Non-service pension and other postretirement income (expense)15.3 (14.4)13.4 (14.1)
Other income (expense), net(1.0)5.8 1.1 10.5 
Income Before Income Taxes117.9 102.2 321.3 367.3 
Provision for income taxes26.6 35.5 84.2 110.4 
Net Income91.3 66.7 237.1 256.9 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest2.5 2.5 5.7 8.3 
Net Income Attributable to The Timken Company$88.8 $64.2 $231.4 $248.6 
Net Income per Common Share Attributable to The Timken Company
Common Shareholders
Basic earnings per share$1.18 $0.85 $3.07 $3.28 
Diluted earnings per share$1.16 $0.84 $3.04 $3.23 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2020201920202019
(Dollars in millions)
Net Income$91.3 $66.7 $237.1 $256.9 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments63.5 (63.0)9.2 (62.1)
Pension and postretirement liability adjustments(1.2)76.7 (4.0)76.6 
Change in fair value of marketable securities(0.1)   
Change in fair value of derivative financial instruments(1.8)1.9 (0.2)0.5 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax60.4 15.6 5.0 15.0 
Comprehensive Income, net of tax151.7 82.3 242.1 271.9 
Less: comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest3.0 0.7 (0.1)8.1 
Comprehensive Income Attributable to The Timken Company$148.7 $81.6 $242.2 $263.8 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
1

Table of Contents
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)September 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$313.1 $209.5 
Restricted cash0.9 6.7 
Accounts receivable, less allowances (2020 – $17.1 million; 2019 – $18.1 million)
571.5 545.1 
Unbilled receivables141.1 129.2 
Inventories, net789.9 842.0 
Deferred charges and prepaid expenses32.7 36.7 
Other current assets115.3 105.4 
Total Current Assets1,964.5 1,874.6 
Property, Plant and Equipment, net980.2 989.2 
Other Assets
Goodwill1,021.1 993.7 
Other intangible assets737.2 758.5 
Operating lease assets105.4 114.1 
Non-current pension assets9.0 3.4 
Non-current other postretirement benefit assets 36.6 
Deferred income taxes72.9 71.8 
Other non-current assets18.8 18.0 
Total Other Assets1,964.4 1,996.1 
Total Assets$4,909.1 $4,859.9 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities
Short-term debt$64.8 $17.3 
Current portion of long-term debt10.8 64.7 
Short-term operating lease liabilities26.6 28.3 
Accounts payable, trade306.7 301.7 
Salaries, wages and benefits116.7 134.5 
Income taxes payable23.3 17.8 
Other current liabilities191.5 172.3 
Total Current Liabilities740.4 736.6 
Non-Current Liabilities
Long-term debt1,533.0 1,648.1 
Accrued pension benefits161.5 165.1 
Accrued postretirement benefits44.8 31.8 
Long-term operating lease liabilities66.0 71.3 
Deferred income taxes162.3 168.2 
Other non-current liabilities102.1 84.0 
Total Non-Current Liabilities2,069.7 2,168.5 
Shareholders’ Equity
Class I and II Serial Preferred Stock, without par value:
Authorized – 10,000,000 shares each class, none issued
  
Common shares, without par value:
Authorized – 200,000,000 shares
Issued (including shares in treasury) (2020 – 98,375,135 shares;
   2019 – 98,375,135 shares)
Stated capital53.1 53.1 
Other paid-in capital930.6 937.6 
Earnings invested in the business2,073.4 1,907.4 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(39.3)(50.1)
Treasury shares at cost (2020 – 23,018,947 shares; 2019 – 22,836,180 shares)
(989.7)(979.8)
Total Shareholders’ Equity2,028.1 1,868.2 
Noncontrolling Interest70.9 86.6 
Total Equity2,099.0 1,954.8 
Total Liabilities and Equity$4,909.1 $4,859.9 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 20202019
(Dollars in millions)
CASH PROVIDED (USED)
Operating Activities
Net income$237.1 $256.9 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization125.2 120.4 
Impairment charges0.1 0.8 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets1.7 (1.0)
Deferred income tax (benefit) provision(6.7)1.7 
Stock-based compensation expense19.2 20.7 
Pension and other postretirement (income) expense(3.9)23.2 
Pension and other postretirement benefit contributions and payments(12.9)(37.1)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(27.6)(6.4)
Unbilled receivables(11.9)(35.0)
Inventories47.9 37.8 
Accounts payable, trade2.8 (7.4)
Other accrued expenses49.4 (28.7)
Income taxes12.4 9.0 
Other, net24.4 (0.1)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities457.2 354.8 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures(85.7)(82.9)
Acquisitions, net of cash received(6.7)(82.7)
Investments in short-term marketable securities, net(10.4)0.1 
Other1.4 3.3 
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities(101.4)(162.2)
Financing Activities
Cash dividends paid to shareholders(65.0)(63.8)
Purchase of treasury shares(42.3)(56.1)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options18.2 9.9 
Payments related to tax withholding for stock-based compensation(12.0)(9.3)
Accounts receivable facility borrowings10.0 25.0 
Accounts receivable facility payments(110.0) 
Proceeds from long-term debt550.0 451.0 
Payments on long-term debt(635.2)(481.7)
Deferred financing costs(1.6)(1.9)
Short-term debt activity, net46.0 (10.2)
Noncontrolling interest dividends paid(15.8)(0.3)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities(257.7)(137.4)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(0.3)(6.4)
Increase in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash97.8 48.8 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year216.2 133.1 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of Period$314.0 $181.9 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)

Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) for The Timken Company (the "Company" or "Timken") have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information and notes required by the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) and disclosures considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. For further information, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies
The Company's significant accounting policies are detailed in "Note 1 - Significant Accounting Policies" of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

New Accounting Guidance Adopted:

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments," which was subsequently updated with ASU 2019-04 in April 2019. These ASUs change how entities will measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The new guidance will replace the current incurred loss approach with an expected loss model. The new expected credit loss impairment model applies to most financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade and other receivables, loans, held-to-maturity debt instruments, net investments in leases, loan commitments and standby letters of credit. Upon initial recognition of the exposure, the expected credit loss model requires entities to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure (or pool of exposures). The estimate of expected credit losses should consider historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts, including estimates of prepayments. Financial instruments with similar risk characteristics should be grouped together when estimating expected credit losses. ASU 2016-13 does not prescribe a specific method to make the estimate, so its application requires significant judgment. ASU 2016-13 is effective for public companies in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 effective January 1, 2020, and the impact of adoption was not material to the Company's results of operations and financial condition. Refer to Note 12 - Equity for the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2016-13.

New Accounting Guidance Issued and Not Yet Adopted:

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting." This guidance is intended to provide temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the U.S. GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burden related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. This guidance is available immediately and may be implemented in any period prior to the guidance expiration on December 31, 2022. The Company is currently assessing which of its various contracts will require an update for a new reference rate, and will determine the timing for implementation of this guidance after completing that analysis.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (ASC 740) – Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which is intended to reduce complexity in the accounting for income taxes while maintaining or improving the usefulness of information provided to financial statement users. The guidance amends certain existing provisions under ASC 740 to address a number of distinct items. This standard is effective for public companies in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued.  Depending on the amendment, adoption may be applied on the retrospective, modified retrospective or prospective basis. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this standard on its results of operations and financial conditions.
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Note 3 - Acquisitions
During 2019, the Company completed two acquisitions. On November 1, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of BEKA Lubrication ("BEKA"), a leading global supplier of automatic lubrication systems. BEKA serves a diverse range of industrial sectors, including wind, food and beverage, rail, on- and off-highway and other process industries. Headquartered in Pegnitz, Germany, BEKA has manufacturing and research and development facilities in Germany, and assembly facilities and sales offices around the world. On April 1, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of Diamond Chain Company ("Diamond Chain"), a leading supplier of high-performance roller chains for industrial markets. Diamond Chain serves a diverse range of market sectors, including industrial distribution, material handling, food and beverage, agriculture, construction and other process industries. Diamond Chain operates primarily in the United States and China. These acquisitions are collectively referred to hereafter as the "2019 Acquisitions."

The following table presents the purchase price allocation at fair value, net of cash acquired, for the 2019 Acquisitions as of September 30, 2020: 
Initial Purchase
Price Allocation
AdjustmentsPurchase
Price Allocation
Assets:
Accounts receivable, net$26.3 $(0.1)$26.2 
Inventories, net62.9 (0.4)62.5 
Other current assets4.9 0.2 5.1 
Property, plant and equipment, net57.4 (0.1)57.3 
Operating lease assets4.7 (0.1)4.6 
Goodwill44.2 6.6 50.8 
Other intangible assets84.4  84.4 
Other non-current assets0.7  0.7 
   Total assets acquired$285.5 $6.1 $291.6 
Liabilities:
Accounts payable, trade$10.8 $(0.2)$10.6 
Salaries, wages and benefits6.8  6.8 
Income taxes payable2.1  2.1 
Other current liabilities6.7 0.4 7.1 
Short-term debt0.8  0.8 
Long-term debt17.2  17.2 
Accrued pension benefits0.5  0.5 
Accrued postretirement benefits 0.1  0.1 
Long-term operating lease liabilities4.1 (0.1)4.0 
Deferred income taxes5.1 (0.7)4.4 
Other non-current liabilities1.1  1.1 
   Total liabilities assumed$55.3 $(0.6)$54.7 
Noncontrolling interest acquired1.8  1.8 
   Net assets acquired$228.4 $6.7 $235.1 
In March 2020, the Company accrued $6.6 million for a working capital adjustment to the purchase price for BEKA in accordance with the purchase agreement, which was paid during the second quarter of 2020 in the amount of $6.7 million. This adjustment, as well as other measurement period adjustments recorded in 2020, resulted in a $6.6 million increase to goodwill.
In determining the fair value of the amounts above, the Company utilized various forms of the income, cost and market approaches depending on the asset or liability being valued. The estimation of fair value required significant judgment related to future net cash flows, discount rates, competitive trends, market comparisons and other factors. Inputs were generally determined by taking into account independent appraisals and historical data, supplemented by current and anticipated market conditions.

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Note 3 - Acquisitions (continued)
The above purchase price allocation, including the residual amount allocated to goodwill, is based on preliminary information and is subject to change as additional information concerning final asset and liability valuations is obtained. The purchase price allocation for BEKA is preliminary as a result of the continued evaluation of working capital accounts and contingent liabilities, as well as the finalization of the Company's review pertaining to a limited set of valuation calculations and inputs. The primary areas of the BEKA purchase price allocation that have not been finalized relate to the fair value of inventory, net property, plant, and equipment and other intangible assets, and the related impacts on deferred income taxes and goodwill. During the measurement period, the Company will adjust assets and liabilities if new information is obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have resulted in revised estimated values of those assets or liabilities as of that date. The effect of measurement period adjustments to the estimated fair values will be reflected as if the adjustments had been completed on the acquisition date.

Note 4 - Revenue
The following table presents details deemed most relevant to the users of the financial statements about total revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:
Three Months EndedThree Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
MobileProcessTotalMobileProcessTotal
United States$220.7 $163.2 $383.9 $245.8 $196.0 $441.8 
Americas excluding United States45.1 36.0 81.1 54.7 41.1 95.8 
Europe / Middle East / Africa92.7 114.3 207.0 85.3 120.2 205.5 
Asia-Pacific70.1 152.5 222.6 69.3 101.6 170.9 
Net sales$428.6 $466.0 $894.6 $455.1 $458.9 $914.0 
Nine Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
MobileProcessTotalMobileProcessTotal
United States$645.5 $529.5 $1,175.0 $778.1 $632.6 $1,410.7 
Americas excluding United States120.7 100.3 221.0 160.4 125.5 285.9 
Europe / Middle East / Africa280.2 342.8 623.0 288.2 374.3 662.5 
Asia-Pacific191.5 411.0 602.5 222.1 312.5 534.6 
Net sales$1,237.9 $1,383.6 $2,621.5 $1,448.8 $1,444.9 $2,893.7 
When reviewing revenue by sales channel, the Company separates net sales to original equipment manufacturers from sales to distributors and end users. The following table presents the percent of revenue by sales channel for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:
Nine Months EndedNine Months Ended
Revenue by sales channelSeptember 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Original equipment manufacturers60%56%
Distribution/end users40%44%
In addition to disaggregating revenue by segment and geography and by sales channel as shown above, the Company believes information about the timing of transfer of goods or services, type of customer and distinguishing service revenue from product sales is also relevant. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, approximately 12% and 11%, respectively, of total net sales were recognized on an over-time basis because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer, with the remainder recognized as of a point in time. Approximately 5% of total net sales represented service revenue during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. Finally, the United States ("U.S.") government or its contractors represented approximately 9% and 8% of total net sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively.

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Note 4 - Revenue (continued)

Remaining Performance Obligations:
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price of orders meeting the definition of a contract for which work has not been performed and excludes unexercised contract options. Performance obligations having a duration of more than one year are concentrated in contracts for certain products and services provided to the U.S. government or its contractors. The aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations for such contracts with a duration of more than one year was approximately $246 million at September 30, 2020.

Unbilled Receivables:
The following table contains a rollforward of unbilled receivables for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
September 30, 2020
Beginning balance, January 1$129.2 
Additional unbilled revenue recognized310.0 
Less: amounts billed to customers(298.1)
Ending balance$141.1 

There were no impairment losses recorded on unbilled receivables for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Note 5 - Segment Information
The primary measurement used by management to measure the financial performance of each segment is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA").
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2020201920202019
Net sales:
Mobile Industries$428.6 $455.1 $1,237.9 $1,448.8 
Process Industries466.0 458.9 1,383.6 1,444.9 
Net sales$894.6 $914.0 $2,621.5 $2,893.7 
Segment EBITDA:
Mobile Industries$64.0 $70.1 $177.9 $227.4 
Process Industries109.2 116.5 343.0 369.8 
Total EBITDA, for reportable segments$173.2 $186.6 $520.9 $597.2 
Corporate EBITDA(10.6)(11.2)(28.2)(40.6)
Corporate pension and other postretirement benefit
   related income (expense) (1)
11.9 (16.9)3.1 (16.9)
Depreciation and amortization(41.2)(39.2)(125.2)(120.4)
Interest expense(16.3)(18.2)(52.3)(55.5)
Interest income0.9 1.1 3.0 3.5 
Income before income taxes$117.9 $102.2 $321.3 $367.3 

(1) Corporate pension and other postretirement benefit related income (expense) represents actuarial gains and (losses) that resulted from the remeasurement of pension and other postretirement plan assets and obligations as a result of changes in assumptions.


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Note 6 - Income Taxes
The Company's provision for income taxes in interim periods is computed by applying the estimated annual effective tax rates to income or loss before income taxes for the period. In addition, non-recurring or discrete items are recorded during the period(s) in which they occur.
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2020201920202019
Provision for income taxes$26.6 $35.5 $84.2 $110.4 
Effective tax rate22.6 %34.7 %26.2 %30.1 %
Income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was calculated using forecasted multi-jurisdictional annual effective tax rates to determine a blended annual effective tax rate. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the projected mix of earnings in international jurisdictions with relatively higher tax rates and unfavorable U.S. permanent differences.

The effective tax rate of 22.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was lower than the rate for the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to the projected decrease in the mix of earnings in international jurisdictions with relatively higher tax rates. Income tax expense also decreased due to discrete tax benefit in the current year compared to discrete tax expense in the prior year.

The effective tax rate of 26.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was lower than the rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Income tax expense was lower due to the projected decrease in the mix of earnings in international jurisdictions with relatively higher tax rates. In addition, income tax expense decreased due to additional accruals recorded discretely for uncertain tax positions in the prior year related to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("U.S. Tax Reform").

Note 7 - Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the reconciliation of the numerator and the denominator of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2020201920202019
Numerator:
Net income attributable to The Timken Company$88.8 $64.2 $231.4 $248.6 
Less: undistributed earnings allocated to nonvested
stock
    
Net income available to common shareholders for basic
and diluted earnings per share
$88.8 $64.2 $231.4 $248.6 
Denominator:
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - basic75,223,462 75,628,410 75,288,567 75,864,544 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options and awards - based on the treasury stock method
1,062,674 964,284 843,353 1,037,882 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding
assuming dilution of stock options and awards
76,286,136 76,592,694 76,131,920 76,902,426 
Basic earnings per share$1.18 $0.85 $3.07 $3.28 
Diluted earnings per share $1.16 $0.84 $3.04