Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Tejon Ranch
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$17.69 26 $460
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-15 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-30 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-18 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-13 Amend Bylaw
8-K 2019-03-12 Other Events
8-K 2019-01-04 Officers
8-K 2019-01-03 Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-04 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-08 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-03-25 Amend Bylaw
8-K 2018-03-22 Officers
VFC VF 37,200
VRNT Verint Systems 4,030
NVMI Nova Measuring Instruments 768
SDRL Seadrill 727
INO Inovio Pharmaceuticals 379
SHBI Shore Bancshares 202
EMKR Emcore 105
ORIG Ocean Rig Udw 0
DTH Delta Tucker Holdings 0
RMES Red Metal Resources 0
TRC 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
EX-31.1 ex311section302certceoq120.htm
EX-31.2 ex312section302cfoq12019.htm
EX-32 ex32section906ceocfoq12019.htm

Tejon Ranch Earnings 2019-03-31

TRC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a03312019-form10xq.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 (Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number: 1-07183
brandnoguides.jpg
TEJON RANCH CO.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
 
77-0196136
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
P.O. Box 1000, Tejon Ranch, California 93243
 
(661) 248-3000
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
 
 
Common Stock, $0.50 par value
 
TRC
 
New York Stock Exchange
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer
¨
 
Accelerated filer
x
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
x
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨ No  x                                                                                                                                                                                                       
The number of the Company’s outstanding shares of Common Stock on April 30, 2019 was 25,949,799.



TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
 
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
 
 
Item 5.
Other Information
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 

2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues:
 
 
 
Real estate - commercial/industrial
$
2,826

 
$
2,154

Mineral resources
6,132

 
9,131

Farming
815

 
1,195

Ranch operations
889

 
989

Total revenues
10,662

 
13,469

Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
Real estate - commercial/industrial
1,792

 
1,319

Real estate - resort/residential
648

 
415

Mineral resources
3,832

 
4,231

Farming
1,598

 
1,838

Ranch operations
1,350


1,389

Corporate expenses
2,474

 
2,732

Total expenses
11,694

 
11,924

Operating (loss) income
(1,032
)
 
1,545

Other Income:
 
 
 
Investment income
349

 
283

Other income (loss), net
26

 
(14
)
Total other income
375

 
269

(Loss) income from operations before equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures
(657
)
 
1,814

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures, net
876

 
167

Income before income tax expense
219

 
1,981

Income tax expense
95

 
526

Net income
124

 
1,455

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest
5

 
(2
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
119

 
$
1,457

Net income per share attributable to common stockholders, basic
$

 
$
0.06

Net income per share attributable to common stockholders, diluted
$

 
$
0.06


See accompanying notes.


3


TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(In thousands)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
124

 
$
1,455

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities
202

 
(302
)
Unrealized (loss) gain on interest rate swap
(733
)
 
1,328

Other comprehensive (loss) income before taxes
(531
)
 
1,026

Benefit (provision) for income taxes related to other comprehensive income items
112

 
(216
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
(419
)
 
810

Comprehensive (loss) income
(295
)
 
2,265

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests
5

 
(2
)
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to common stockholders
$
(300
)
 
$
2,267

See accompanying notes.

4


TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
7,904

 
$
15,908

Marketable securities - available-for-sale
60,270

 
63,749

Accounts receivable
9,655

 
10,876

Inventories
5,179

 
2,618

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,654

 
3,348

Total current assets
86,662

 
96,499

Real estate and improvements - held for lease, net
18,859

 
18,953

Real estate development (includes $101,331 at March 31, 2019 and $100,311 at December 31, 2018, attributable to Centennial Founders, LLC, Note 15)
287,444

 
283,385

Property and equipment, net
46,915

 
46,086

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures
29,503

 
28,602

Net investment in water assets
54,993

 
51,832

Deferred tax assets
1,341

 
1,229

Other assets
2,249

 
2,462

TOTAL ASSETS
$
527,966

 
$
529,048

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
$
6,610

 
$
6,037

Accrued liabilities and other
3,218

 
3,575

Deferred income
1,997

 
2,863

Current maturities of long-term debt
4,048

 
4,018

Total current liabilities
15,873

 
16,493

Long-term debt, less current portion
60,749

 
61,780

Long-term deferred gains
3,405

 
3,405

Other liabilities
13,245

 
12,698

Total liabilities
93,272

 
94,376

Commitments and contingencies

 

Equity:
 
 
 
Tejon Ranch Co. Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, $.50 par value per share:
 
 
 
Authorized shares - 30,000,000
 
 
 
Issued and outstanding shares - 26,020,953 at March 31, 2019 and 25,972,080 at December 31, 2018
13,010

 
12,986

Additional paid-in capital
336,813

 
336,520

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(5,276
)
 
(4,857
)
Retained earnings
74,766

 
74,647

Total Tejon Ranch Co. Stockholders’ Equity
419,313

 
419,296

Non-controlling interest
15,381

 
15,376

Total equity
434,694

 
434,672

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
$
527,966

 
$
529,048

See accompanying notes.

5



TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
124

 
$
1,455

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
1,089

 
1,071

Amortization of premium/discount of marketable securities
(21
)
 
35

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures, net
(876
)
 
(167
)
Non-cash retirement plan expense
77

 
41

Loss on sale of property plant and equipment

 
36

Stock compensation expense
813

 
948

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
46

 
22

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Receivables, inventories, prepaids and other assets, net
(1,385
)
 
2,001

Current liabilities, net
(1,078
)
 
1,527

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(1,211
)
 
6,969

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Maturities and sales of marketable securities
14,567

 
10,942

Funds invested in marketable securities
(10,865
)
 
(11,520
)
Real estate and equipment expenditures
(5,112
)
 
(3,779
)
Reimbursement proceeds from Community Facilities District

 
1,385

Investment in unconsolidated joint ventures
(100
)
 

Distribution of equity from unconsolidated joint ventures
41

 
181

Investments in long-term water assets
(3,502
)
 
(2,659
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(4,971
)
 
(5,450
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Repayments of long-term debt
(1,007
)
 
(985
)
Rights offering costs

 
(166
)
Taxes on vested stock grants
(815
)
 
(996
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(1,822
)
 
(2,147
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(8,004
)
 
(628
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
15,908

 
20,107

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
7,904

 
$
19,479

Supplemental cash flow information
 
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures included in current liabilities
$
292

 
$
673

See accompanying notes.

6


TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY AND NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
(In thousands, except shares outstanding)

 
Common Stock Shares Outstanding
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Retained Earnings
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2018
25,972,080

 
$
12,986

 
$
336,520

 
$
(4,857
)
 
$
74,647

 
$
419,296

 
$
15,376

 
$
434,672

Net income

 

 

 

 
119

 
119

 
5

 
124

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 
(419
)
 

 
(419
)
 

 
(419
)
Restricted stock issuance
91,478

 
46

 
(46
)
 

 

 

 

 

Stock compensation

 

 
1,132

 

 

 
1,132

 

 
1,132

Shares withheld for taxes and tax benefit of vested shares
(42,605
)
 
(22
)
 
(793
)
 

 

 
(815
)
 

 
(815
)
Balance, March 31, 2019
26,020,953

 
$
13,010

 
$
336,813

 
$
(5,276
)
 
$
74,766

 
$
419,313

 
$
15,381

 
$
434,694

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2017
25,894,773

 
$
12,947

 
$
320,167

 
$
(5,264
)
 
$
70,392

 
$
398,242

 
$
28,568

 
$
426,810

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 
1,457

 
1,457

 
(2
)
 
1,455

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 
810

 

 
810

 

 
810

Rights offering costs
 
 
 
 
(166
)
 
 
 
 
 
(166
)
 
 
 
(166
)
Restricted stock issuance
89,480

 
45

 
(45
)
 

 

 

 

 

Stock compensation

 

 
1,294

 

 

 
1,294

 

 
1,294

Shares withheld for taxes and tax benefit of vested shares
(42,773
)
 
(21
)
 
(975
)
 

 

 
(996
)
 

 
(996
)
Balance, March 31, 2018
25,941,480

 
$
12,971

 
$
320,275

 
$
(4,454
)
 
$
71,849

 
$
400,641

 
$
28,566

 
$
429,207

See accompanying notes.

7




TEJON RANCH CO. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The summarized information of Tejon Ranch Co. and its subsidiaries (the Company, Tejon, we, us and our), provided pursuant to Part I, Item 1 of Form 10-Q, is unaudited and reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of the Company’s management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. We have evaluated subsequent events through the date of issuance of our consolidated financial statements.
The periods ending March 31, 2019 and 2018 include the consolidation of Centennial Founders, LLC’s statement of operations within the resort/residential real estate development segment and statements of cash flows. The Company’s March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 balance sheets and statements of changes in equity and noncontrolling interests are presented on a consolidated basis, including the consolidation of Centennial Founders, LLC.
The Company has identified five reportable segments: commercial/industrial real estate development, resort/residential real estate development, mineral resources, farming, and ranch operations. Information for the Company’s reportable segments are presented in its Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company’s reportable segments follow the same accounting policies used for the Company’s consolidated financial statements. We use segment profit or loss, along with equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures, as the primary measure of profitability to evaluate operating performance and to allocate capital resources.
The results of the period reported herein are not indicative of the results to be expected for the full year due to the seasonal nature of the Company’s agricultural activities, water activities, and the timing of real estate sales and leasing activities. Historically, the Company’s largest percentages of farming revenues are recognized during the third and fourth quarters of the fiscal year.
For further information and a summary of significant accounting policies, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Allowance for Credit Losses
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, No. 2016-13, "Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326)," changing the impairment model for most financial instruments by requiring companies to recognize an allowance for expected losses, rather than incurred losses as required currently by the other-than-temporary impairment model. The ASU will apply to most financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade and other receivables, loans, available-for-sale and held-to-maturity debt securities, net investments in leases, and off-balance-sheet credit exposures. The ASU is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020, and will be applied as a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date.

8



The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements. The Company's implementation efforts include, but are not limited to, identifying key interpretive issues, assessing its policies and processes, and evaluating related control activities to determine if modifications or enhancements may be required. The Company's accounts receivable balance is primarily composed of crop receivables. Based on historical experience with our current customers and periodic credit evaluations of our customers' financial conditions, we believe our credit risk is minimal. With regards to the marketable securities, as the Company limits its investment to securities with investment grade rating from Moody's or Standard and Poor's, and it generally does not sell securities before recovery of their amortized cost basis, we do not expect this ASU to have any material impact on its accounting of marketable securities.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement". This ASU removes certain disclosure requirements related to the fair value hierarchy, such as disclosure of amounts and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2, and adds new disclosure requirements, such as disclosure of the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurement. For the Company, the new standard will be effective on January 1, 2020. The Company does not expect this ASU to have any material impact on its consolidated financial statements, as the Company does not have financial instruments classified as Level 3.
Retirement Benefits
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, "Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans." This ASU removes certain disclosure requirements, including the amounts in accumulated other comprehensive income expected to be recognized as components of net periodic benefit cost over the next fiscal year and the amount and timing of plan assets expected to be returned to the employer. This ASU also requires additional disclosures for the weighted average interest crediting rates for cash balance plans and explanations for significant gains and losses related to changes in the benefit plan obligation. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Newly Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Lease Accounting
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases." From the lessee's perspective, the new standard establishes a right-of-use, or ROU, model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement for a lessee. From the lessor's perspective, the new standard requires a lessor to classify leases as either sales-type, finance or operating. Entities are prohibited from using a full retrospective transition approach to adopt this guidance, and a modified retrospective approach is required to be used for all leases that exist at or commence after the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented. Entities are permitted to elect a package of expedients where an entity need not reassess (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases, or (iii) initial direct costs for any existing leases.

9



In January 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-01, "Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842," which permits entities to elect a transition practical expedient to not assess land easements that exist or expired before the adoption of the new standard in order to reduce the costs and complexity of complying with the transition provisions. If this practical expedient is elected, entities are effectively allowed to grandfather the accounting for easements entered into prior to the adoption of the new standards.
In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, "Targeted Improvements to Leases (Topic 842)," which allows entities to not apply the new leases standard in the comparative periods they present in their financial statements. Under this transition option, entities can continue to apply the legacy guidance in the comparative periods presented in the year they adopt the new standard. ASU No. 2018-11 also provides a practical expedient for lessors to combine the lease and non-lease components under certain circumstances to simplify lessor's implementation of the new guidance.
The Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842: Leases, or ASC 842, became effective on January 1, 2019. The Company adopted the new standards using the modified retrospective method on January 1, 2019. The optional transition method was elected during this transition, and comparative information is not restated and will continue to be reported under the legacy guidance. The Company also elected the package of practical expedients and will account for its existing leases under the new guidance without reassessing its prior conclusions of lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs.
Lessee Impact:
The Company currently leases several office copiers under 48-month lease terms. On January 1, 2019, an operating lease ROU asset and an operating lease liability were recorded on the consolidated balance sheets, both in the amount of $52,000, as a result of adopting the new guidance. The $52,000 was determined by calculating the present value of the future annual cash lease payments using a discount rate of 4.11%. The 4.11% discount rate represents the Company's incremental borrowing rate as of January 1, 2019. The implementation of the new standards did not have any impact on the consolidated statements of operations or the opening balance of retained earnings on the consolidated statements of equity.
Lessor Impact:
The Company elected the land easement practical expedient upon adoption of the new guidance and is thus permitted to continue its current accounting policy for land easements that exist or expired before the effective date of the adoption. The Company will evaluate new or modified land easements under ASC 842 beginning on the adoption date of the new guidance.
Additionally, the Company elected the lessor's practical expedient and combined the lease and non-lease components due to the following criteria being met: (i) the timing and pattern of recognizing revenue for the lease components are the same as its associated non-lease components, (ii) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease, and (iii) the lease component is the predominant component within the contract. The Company believes that combining the lease component, which is the lease revenue, and non-lease components such as common area maintenance revenue and provisions of real estate taxes and insurance, will provide more meaningful information as it is more reflective of the predominant component in the lease contracts.

10



We expect no significant differences in the timing and pattern of revenue recognition under the new lease guidance for all our existing leases from the lessor's perspective. For new leases originated after the adoption date, we expect to capitalize less initial direct cost, as the definition of initial direct cost is narrower under the new guidance. Certain costs, such as legal costs incurred, were eligible for capitalization under the legacy guidance, but are no longer eligible for capitalization under the new standards. The amounts capitalized as legal costs have been de minimis in the past and would not have a material impact to our results of operations.
Derivatives and Hedging
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities," which amends the hedge accounting model and allows entities to better portray the economics of their risk management activities in their financial statements. This guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and requires the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as hedged item. The Company adopted ASU No. 2017-12 on January 1, 2019 using a modified retrospective approach. The Company utilizes an interest rate swap to hedge its exposure to variable interest rate associated with borrowings based on London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). The interest rate swap is designated as a cash flow hedge, and the hedge has been highly effective since inception. Therefore, no cumulative effective adjustment of previously recognized ineffectiveness was required to be recorded as a result of adopting this new guidance. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-16, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Inclusion of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) Overnight Index Swap (OIS) Rate as a Benchmark Interest Rate for Hedge Accounting Purposes". This ASU identified SOFR as the preferred reference rate alternative to LIBOR. The Company adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2019, and the adoption did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. For a more detailed discussion of the benchmark interest rate, see Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, "Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income," which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income, or AOCI, to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the U.S. government’s comprehensive tax legislation enacted in December 2017, commonly referred to as U.S. Tax Reform. The guidance became effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, and the Company adopted the provisions of the guidance as of the effective date. The Company did not make an election to reclassify the income tax effects of the U.S Tax Reform from AOCI to retained earnings.
Please also refer to Critical Accounting Policies in Part I, Item 2 of this report for discussion on changes to critical accounting policies.

11



2.    EQUITY
Earnings Per Share (EPS)
Basic net income per share attributable to common stockholders is based upon the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. Diluted net income per share attributable to common stockholders is based upon the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and the weighted average number of shares outstanding assuming the vesting of restricted stock grants per ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share.”
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Common stock
25,992,374

 
25,912,819

Common stock equivalents
17,707

 
28,509

Diluted shares outstanding
26,010,081

 
25,941,328


12


3.     MARKETABLE SECURITIES
ASC 320, “Investments – Debt and Equity Securities” requires that an enterprise classify all debt securities as either held-to-maturity, trading or available-for-sale. The Company has elected to classify its securities as available-for-sale and therefore is required to adjust securities to fair value at each reporting date. All costs and both realized and unrealized gains and losses on securities are determined on a specific identification basis. The following is a summary of available-for-sale securities at:
($ in thousands)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Marketable Securities:
Fair Value
Hierarchy
Cost
 
Fair Value
 
Cost
 
Fair Value
Certificates of deposit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
with unrecognized losses for less than 12 months
 
$

 
$

 
$
250

 
$
248

with unrecognized losses for more than 12 months
 
4,012

 
3,991

 
3,861

 
3,812

with unrecognized gains
 

 

 

 

Total Certificates of deposit
Level 1
4,012

 
3,991

 
4,111

 
4,060

U.S. Treasury and agency notes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
with unrecognized losses for less than 12 months
 
4,064

 
4,058

 
3,112

 
3,105

with unrecognized losses for more than 12 months
 
19,472

 
19,391

 
23,564

 
23,415

with unrecognized gains
 
2

 
3

 
3

 
4

Total U.S. Treasury and agency notes
Level 2
23,538

 
23,452

 
26,679

 
26,524

Corporate notes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
with unrecognized losses for less than 12 months
 
14,780

 
14,760

 
13,696

 
13,665

with unrecognized losses for more than 12 months
 
9,383

 
9,334

 
12,542

 
12,431

with unrecognized gains
 
1,795

 
1,797

 

 

Total Corporate notes
Level 2
25,958

 
25,891

 
26,238

 
26,096

Municipal notes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
with unrecognized losses for less than 12 months
 

 

 
2,994

 
2,982

with unrecognized losses for more than 12 months
 
6,949

 
6,936

 
4,116

 
4,087

with unrecognized gains
 

 

 

 

Total Municipal notes
Level 2
6,949

 
6,936

 
7,110

 
7,069

 
 
$
60,457

 
$
60,270

 
$
64,138

 
$
63,749

We evaluate our securities for other-than-temporary impairment based on the specific facts and circumstances surrounding each security valued below its cost. Factors considered include the length of time the securities have been valued below cost, the financial condition of the issuer, industry reports related to the issuer, the severity of any decline, our intention not to sell the security, and our assessment as to whether it is not more likely than not that we will be required to sell the security before a recovery of its amortized cost basis. We then segregate the loss between the amounts representing a decrease in cash flows expected to be collected, or the credit loss, which is recognized through earnings, and the balance of the loss, which is recognized through other comprehensive income. At March 31, 2019, the fair market value of investment securities was $187,000 below their cost basis. The Company’s gross unrealized holding gains equaled $3,000 and gross unrealized holding losses equaled $190,000. The Company has determined that any unrealized losses in the portfolio were temporary as of March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, the adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive loss reflected an improvement in market value of $202,000, including estimated taxes of $42,000.


13


The following tables summarize the maturities, at par, of marketable securities as of:
 
March 31, 2019
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
Total
Certificates of deposit
$
2,212

 
$
1,799

 
$

 
$
4,011

U.S. Treasury and agency notes
13,414

 
10,173

 

 
23,587

Corporate notes
11,871

 
13,700

 
400

 
25,971

Municipal notes
4,951

 
2,000

 

 
6,951

 
$
32,448

 
$
27,672

 
$
400

 
$
60,520

 
 
December 31, 2018
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
Total
Certificates of deposit
$
2,311

 
$
1,799

 
$

 
$
4,110

U.S. Treasury and agency notes
17,574

 
9,174

 

 
26,748

Corporate notes
18,671

 
7,150

 
400

 
26,221

Municipal notes
5,111

 
2,000

 

 
7,111

 
$
43,667

 
$
20,123

 
$
400

 
$
64,190

The Company’s investments in corporate notes are with companies that have an investment grade rating from Standard & Poor’s.

4.     REAL ESTATE
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Real estate development
 
 
 
Mountain Village
$
138,521

 
$
137,571

Centennial
101,331

 
100,311

Grapevine
31,896

 
31,175

Tejon Ranch Commerce Center
15,696

 
14,328

Real estate development
287,444

 
283,385

 
 
 
 
Real estate and improvements - held for lease
 
 
 
Tejon Ranch Commerce Center
21,328

 
21,327

Less accumulated depreciation
(2,469
)
 
(2,374
)
Real estate and improvements - held for lease, net
$
18,859

 
$
18,953


14




5.     LONG-TERM WATER ASSETS
Long-term water assets consist of water and water contracts held for future use or sale. The water is held at cost, which includes the price paid for the water and the cost to pump and deliver the water from the California aqueduct into the water bank. Water is currently held in a water bank on Company land in southern Kern County. Company-banked water costs also include costs related to the right to receive additional acre-feet of water in the future from the Antelope Valley East Kern Water Agency, or AVEK. The Company has also banked water within an AVEK-owned water bank.

We have also been purchasing water for future use or sale. In 2008, we purchased 8,393 acre-feet of transferable water and in 2009 we purchased an additional 6,393 acre-feet of transferable water, all of which is now stored in the Company's water bank. We also have secured State Water Project, or SWP, entitlement under long-term SWP water contracts within the Tulare Lake Basin Water Storage District and the Dudley-Ridge Water District, totaling 3,444 acre-feet of SWP entitlement annually, subject to SWP allocations. These contracts extend through 2035 and have been transferred to AVEK for our use in the Antelope Valley. In 2013, the Company acquired a contract to purchase water that obligates the Company to purchase 6,693 acre-feet of water each year from the Nickel Family, LLC, or Nickel, a California limited liability company that is located in Kern County.
The initial term of the water purchase agreement with Nickel runs to 2044 and includes a Company option to extend the contract for an additional 35 years. The purchase cost of water in 2019 is $769 per acre-foot. The purchase cost is subject to annual cost increases based on the greater of the consumer price index or 3%.
The water purchased above will ultimately be used in the development of the Company’s land for commercial/industrial real estate development, resort/residential real estate development, and farming. Interim uses may include the sale of portions of this water to third party users on an annual basis until this water is fully allocated to Company uses, as just described.
Water revenues and cost of sales were as follows ($ in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Acre-Feet Sold
4,445

 
7,442

 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
5,026

 
$
7,992

Cost of sales
3,194

 
3,679

Profit
$
1,832

 
$
4,313

The costs assigned to water assets held for future use were as follows ($ in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Banked water and water for future delivery
$
25,208

 
$
24,597

Transferable water
2,927

 
36

Total water held for future use at cost
$
28,135

 
$
24,633



15



Intangible Water Assets
The Company's carrying amounts of its purchased water contracts were as follows ($ in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Costs
 
Accumulated Depreciation
 
Costs
 
Accumulated Depreciation
Dudley-Ridge water rights
$
12,203

 
$
(3,980
)
 
$
12,203

 
$
(3,860
)
Nickel water rights
18,740

 
(3,480
)
 
18,740

 
(3,320
)
Tulare Lake Basin water rights
5,857

 
(2,482
)
 
5,857

 
(2,421
)
 
$
36,800

 
$
(9,942
)
 
$
36,800

 
$
(9,601
)
Net cost of purchased water contracts
26,858

 
 
 
27,199

 
 
Total cost water held for future use
28,135

 
 
 
24,633

 
 
Net investments in water assets
$
54,993

 
 
 
$
51,832

 
 

Water contracts with the Wheeler Ridge Maricopa Water Storage District, or WRMWSD, and the Tejon-Castac Water District, or TCWD, are also in place, but were entered into with each district at inception of the contract and not purchased later from third parties, and do not have a related financial value on the books of the Company. Therefore, there is no amortization expense related to these contracts. Total water resources, including both recurring and one-time usage, are:
(in acre-feet, unaudited)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Water held for future use
 
 
 
AVEK water bank
13,033

 
13,033

Company water bank
37,316

 
35,793

Transferable water
5,999

 
500

Total water held for future use
56,348

 
49,326

Purchased water contracts
 
 
 
Water Contracts (Dudley-Ridge, Nickel and Tulare)
10,137

 
10,137

WRMWSD - Contracts with Company
15,547

 
15,547

TCWD - Contracts with Company
5,749

 
5,749

TCWD - Banked water contracted to Company

54,351

 
52,547

Total purchased water contracts
85,784

 
83,980

Total water held for future use and purchased water contracts
142,132

 
133,306

The Company entered into a Water Supply Agreement with Pastoria Energy Facility, L.L.C., or PEF in 2015. PEF is our current lessee under a power plant lease. Pursuant to the Water Supply Agreement, PEF may purchase from the Company up to 3,500 acre-feet of water per year from January 1, 2017 through July 31, 2030, with an option to extend the term. PEF is under no obligation to purchase water from the Company in any year but is required to pay the Company an annual option payment equal to 30% of the maximum annual payment. The price of the water under the Water Supply Agreement for 2019 is $1,120 per acre-foot, subject to 3% annual increases over the life of the contract. The Water Supply Agreement contains other customary terms and conditions, including representations and warranties, which are typical for agreements of this type. The Company's commitments to sell water can be met through current water assets.


16



6.     ACCRUED LIABILITIES AND OTHER
Accrued liabilities and other consists of the following:
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Accrued vacation
$
790

 
$
761

Accrued paid personal leave
428

 
416

Accrued bonus
647

 
2,071

Property tax payable1
1,022

 

Other
331

 
327

 
$
3,218

 
$
3,575

 
 
 
 
1California property taxes are paid every April and December.

7.     LINE OF CREDIT AND LONG-TERM DEBT
Debt consists of the following:
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Notes payable
64,908

 
65,901

Other borrowings

 
14

Total short-term and long-term debt
64,908

 
65,915

Less: line-of-credit and current maturities of long-term debt
(4,048
)
 
(4,018
)
Less: deferred loan costs
(111
)
 
(117
)
Long-term debt, less current portion
$
60,749

 
$
61,780

On October 13, 2014, the Company as borrower entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, a Term Note and a Revolving Line of Credit Note (collectively, the Credit Facility) with Wells Fargo. The Credit Facility added a $70,000,000 term loan, or Term Loan, to the existing $30,000,000 revolving line of credit, or RLC. Funds from the Term Loan were used to finance the Company's purchase of DMB TMV LLC’s interest in TMV LLC in 2014.
The Term Loan had outstanding balances of $61,561,000 and $62,483,000 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The interest rate per annum applicable to the Term Loan is LIBOR (as defined in the Term Note) plus a margin of 170 basis points. The interest rate for the term of the Term Note has been fixed through the use of an interest rate swap at a rate of 4.11%. The Term Loan requires monthly amortization payments pursuant to a schedule set forth in the Term Note, with the final outstanding principal amount due October 5, 2024. The Company may make voluntary prepayments on the Term Loan at any time without penalty (excluding any applicable LIBOR or interest rate swap breakage costs). Each optional prepayment will be applied to reduce the most remote principal payment then unpaid. The Credit Facility is secured by the Company's farmland and farm assets, which include equipment, crops and crop receivables; the PEF power plant lease and lease site; and related accounts and other rights to payment and inventory.
The RLC had no outstanding balance as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. At the Company’s option, the interest rate on this line of credit can float at 1.50% over a selected LIBOR rate or can be fixed at 1.50% above LIBOR for a fixed rate term. During the term of this RLC (which matures in September 2019), we can borrow at any time and partially or wholly repay any outstanding borrowings and then re-borrow, as necessary. We anticipate renewing the RLC in September 2019 at similar terms as the expiring terms.

17



Any future borrowings under the RLC will be used for ongoing working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes. To maintain availability of funds under the RLC, undrawn amounts under the RLC will accrue a commitment fee of 10 basis points per annum. The Company's ability to borrow additional funds in the future under the RLC is subject to compliance with certain financial covenants and making certain representations and warranties, which are typical in this type of borrowing arrangement.
The Credit Facility requires compliance with three financial covenants: (i) total liabilities divided by tangible net worth not greater than 0.75 to 1.0 at each quarter end; (ii) a debt service coverage ratio not less than 1.25 to 1.00 as of each quarter end on a rolling four quarter basis; and (iii) maintain liquid assets equal to or greater than $20,000,000, including availability on RLC. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we were in compliance with all financial covenants.
The Credit Facility also contains customary negative covenants that limit the ability of the Company to, among other things, make capital expenditures, incur indebtedness and issue guaranties, consummate certain assets sales, acquisitions or mergers, make investments, pay dividends or repurchase stock, or incur liens on any assets.
The Credit Facility contains customary events of default, including: failure to make required payments; failure to comply with terms of the Credit Facility; bankruptcy and insolvency; and a change in control without consent of the bank (which consent will not be unreasonably withheld). The Credit Facility contains other customary terms and conditions, including representations and warranties, which are typical for credit facilities of this type.
In 2013, we entered into a promissory note agreement, secured by real estate, with CMFG Life Insurance Company to pay a principal amount of $4,750,000 with principal and interest due monthly starting on October 1, 2013. The interest rate on this promissory note is 4.25% per annum, with monthly principal and interest payments of $36,000 ending on September 1, 2028. The proceeds from this promissory note were used to eliminate debt that had been previously used to provide long-term financing for a building being leased to Starbucks and provide additional working capital for future investment. The current balance on the note was $3,347,000 on March 31, 2019. The balance of this long-term debt instrument included in "Notes payable" above approximates the fair value of the instrument.

8.     OTHER LIABILITIES
Other liabilities consist of the following:
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Pension liability (Note 13)
$
2,133

 
$
2,148

Interest rate swap liability (Note 10)1
640

 

Supplemental executive retirement plan liability (Note 13)
7,709

 
7,750

Excess joint venture distributions and other
2,763

 
2,800

Total
$
13,245

 
$
12,698

 
 
 
 
1The Company's interest rate swap had an asset balance of $93,000 as of December 31, 2018 and is recorded under the caption Other Assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
For the captions presented in the table above, please refer to the respective Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for further detail.

18


9.     STOCK COMPENSATION - RESTRICTED STOCK AND PERFORMANCE SHARE GRANTS
The Company’s stock incentive plans provide for the making of awards to employees based upon a service condition or through the achievement of performance-related objectives. The Company has issued three types of stock grant awards under these plans: restricted stock with service condition vesting; performance share grants that only vest upon the achievement of specified performance conditions, such as corporate cash flow goals, or Performance Condition Grants; and performance share grants that include threshold, target, and maximum achievement levels based on the achievement of specific performance milestones, or Performance Milestone Grants. The Company has also granted performance share grants that contain both performance-based and market-based conditions. Compensation cost for these awards is recognized based on either the achievement of the performance-based conditions, if they are considered probable, or if they are not considered probable, on the achievement of the market-based condition. Failure to satisfy the threshold performance conditions will result in the forfeiture of shares. Forfeiture of share awards with service conditions or performance-based restrictions will result in a reversal of previously recognized share-based compensation expense. Forfeiture of share awards with market-based restrictions do not result in a reversal of previously recognized share-based compensation expense.
The following is a summary of the Company's Performance Condition Grants as of the three months ended March 31, 2019:
Performance Condition Grants
Below threshold performance

Threshold performance
186,366

Target performance
422,264

Maximum performance
640,981

The following is a summary of the Company’s stock grant activity, both time and performance unit grants, assuming target achievement for outstanding performance grants for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
 
March 31, 2019
Stock Grants Outstanding Beginning of Period at Target Achievement
538,599

New Stock Grants/Additional Shares due to Achievement in Excess of Target
115,426

Vested Grants
(82,112
)
Expired/Forfeited Grants

Stock Grants Outstanding End of Period at Target Achievement
571,913


19


The unamortized cost associated with unvested stock grants and the weighted average period over which it is expected to be recognized as of March 31, 2019 were $5,695,000 and 21 months, respectively. The fair value of restricted stock with time-based vesting features is based upon the Company’s share price on the date of grant and is expensed over the service period. Fair value of performance grants that cliff vest based on the achievement of performance conditions is based on the share price of the Company’s stock on the day of grant once the Company determines that it is probable that the award will vest. This fair value is expensed over the service period applicable to these grants. For performance grants that contain a range of shares from zero to a maximum we determine based on historic and projected results, the probability of (1) achieving the performance objective and (2) the level of achievement. Based on this information, we determine the fair value of the award and measure the expense over the service period related to these grants. Because the ultimate vesting of all performance grants is tied to the achievement of a performance condition, we estimate whether the performance condition will be met and over what period of time. Ultimately, we adjust compensation cost according to the actual outcome of the performance condition.
Under the Non-Employee Director Stock Incentive Plan, or NDSI Plan, each non-employee director receives his or her annual compensation in stock. The stock is granted at the end of each quarter based on the quarter end stock price.
The following table summarizes stock compensation costs for the Company's 1998 Stock Incentive Plan, or the Employee Plan, and NDSI Plan for the following periods:
($ in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
Employee Plan:
2019
 
2018
    Expensed
$
666

 
$
761

    Capitalized
319

 
346

 
985

 
1,107

NDSI Plan - Expensed
147

 
187

Total Stock Compensation Costs
$
1,132

 
$
1,294


20



10.     INTEREST RATE SWAP
In October 2014, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement to hedge cash flows tied to changes in the underlying floating interest rate tied to LIBOR for the Term Note as discussed in Note 7 (Line of Credit and Long-Term Debt). During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, our interest rate swap agreement was 100% effective. Changes in fair value, including accrued interest and adjustments for non-performance risk, that qualify as cash flow hedges are classified in AOCI. Amounts classified in AOCI are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period during which the hedged transactions affect earnings. As of March 31, 2019, the fair value of our interest rate swap agreement was less than its cost basis and as such is recorded within Other Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
We had the following outstanding interest rate swap agreement designated as an interest rate cash flow hedge as of March 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
Effective Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Interest Rate
 
Fair Value
 
Notional Amount
October 15, 2014
 
October 5, 2024
 
Level 2
 
4.11%
 
$(640)
 
$61,561

11.     INCOME TAXES
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company's income tax expense was $95,000 compared to $526,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018. Effective tax rates were 43% and 27% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase in effective tax rates resulted from tax shortfalls associated with stock compensation vesting. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had income tax receivables of $181,000. The Company classifies interest and penalties incurred on tax payments as income tax expense. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company did not make any income tax payments. The Company did not record a provisional adjustment for the three-months ended March 31, 2019.

21




12.     COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company's land is subject to water contracts with minimum annual payments, for which $10,156,000 is expected to be paid in 2019. So far in 2019, the Company has paid $7,038,000 for its water contracts. These estimated water contract payments consist of SWP, contracts with Wheeler Ridge Maricopa Water Storage District, TCWD, Tulare Lake Basin Water Storage District, Dudley-Ridge Water Storage District and the Nickel water contract. The SWP contracts run through 2035 and the Nickel water contract runs through 2044, with an option to extend an additional 35 years. As discussed in Note 5 (Long-Term Water Assets), we purchased the assignment of a contract to purchase water in late 2013. The assigned water contract is with Nickel and obligates us to purchase 6,693 acre-feet of water annually through the term of the contract. Our contractual obligation for future water payments was $253,040,000 as of March 31, 2019.
The Company is obligated to make payments of approximately $800,000 per year through 2021 to the Tejon Ranch Conservancy as prescribed in the Conservation Agreement we entered into with five major environmental organizations in 2008. Our advances to the Tejon Ranch Conservancy are dependent on the occurrence of certain events and their timing and are therefore subject to change in amount and period. These amounts paid will be capitalized in real estate development for the Centennial, Grapevine and Mountain Village, or MV, projects.
The Company exited a consulting contract during the second quarter of 2014 related to the Grapevine Development and is obligated to pay an earned incentive fee at the time of successful receipt of litigated project entitlements and at a value measurement date five-years after litigated entitlements have been achieved for Grapevine. The final amount of the incentive fees will not be finalized until the future payment dates. The Company believes that net savings from exiting the contract over this future time period will more than offset the incentive payment costs.
The Tejon Ranch Public Facilities Financing Authority, or TRPFFA, is a joint powers authority formed by Kern County and TCWD to finance public infrastructure within the Company’s Kern County developments. For the development of the Tejon Ranch Commerce Center, or TRCC, TRPFFA has created two Community Facilities Districts, or CFDs: the West CFD and the East CFD. The West CFD has placed liens on 420 acres of the Company’s land to secure payment of special taxes related to $28,620,000 of bond debt sold by TRPFFA for TRCC-West. The East CFD has placed liens on 1,931 acres of the Company’s land to secure payments of special taxes related to $55,000,000 of bond debt sold by TRPFFA for TRCC-East. At TRCC-West, the West CFD has no additional bond debt approved for issuance. At TRCC-East, the East CFD has approximately $65,000,000 of additional bond debt authorized by TRPFFA that can be sold in the future.
In connection with the sale of bonds, there is a standby letter of credit for $4,468,000 related to the issuance of East CFD bonds. The standby letter of credit is in place to provide additional credit enhancement and cover approximately two years' worth of interest on the outstanding bonds. This letter of credit will not be drawn upon unless the Company, as the largest landowner in the CFD, fails to make its property tax payments. The Company believes that the letter of credit will never be drawn upon. The letter of credit is for two years and will be renewed in two-year intervals as necessary. The annual cost related to the letter of credit is approximately $68,000.




22



The Company is obligated, as a landowner in each CFD, to pay its share of the special taxes assessed each year. The secured lands include both the TRCC-West and TRCC-East developments. Proceeds from the sale of West CFD bonds went to reimburse the Company for public infrastructure costs related to the TRCC-West development. At March 31, 2019 there were no additional improvement funds remaining from the West CFD bonds. There are $4,180,000 in improvement funds within the East CFD bonds for reimbursement of public infrastructure costs during 2019 and future years. During 2019 the Company expects to pay approximately $2,570,000 in special taxes. As development continues to occur at TRCC, new owners of land and new lease tenants, through triple net leases, will bear an increasing portion of the assessed special tax. This amount could change in the future based on the amount of bonds outstanding and the amount of taxes paid by others. The assessment of each individual property sold or leased is not determinable at this time because it is based on the current tax rate and the assessed value of the property at the time of sale or on its assessed value at the time it is leased to a third-party. Accordingly, the Company is not required to recognize an obligation at March 31, 2019.
Tehachapi Uplands Multiple Species Habitat Conservation Plan Litigation
In July 2014, the Company received a copy of a Notice of Intent to Sue, dated July 17, 2014 indicating that the Center for Biological Diversity, or CBD, the Wishtoyo Foundation and Dee Dominguez (collectively the TUMSHCP Plaintiffs) intended to initiate a lawsuit against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, or USFWS, challenging USFWS's approval of the Company's Tehachapi Uplands Multiple Species Habitat Conservation Plan, or TMSHCP, and USFWS's issuance of an Incidental Take Permit, or ITP, for the take of federally listed species. The TUMSHCP approval and ITP issuance by the USFWS occurred in 2013. These approvals authorize, among other things, the removal of California condor habitat associated with the Company's potential future development of MV.
On April 25, 2019, the TUMSHCP Plaintiffs filed suit against the USFWS in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, in Los Angeles (Case No. 2:19-CV-3322), or TUMSHCP Suit. The Company is presently not named as a party in the TUMSHCP Suit. The TUMSHCP Suit seeks to invalidate the TUMSHCP as it pertains to the protection of the California condor (an endangered species), as well as the ITP.
The primary allegations in the TUMSHCP Suit are that California condors or their habitat are “Traditional Cultural Properties” within the meaning of the National Historic Preservation Act and that the USFWS failed to adequately consult with affected Native American tribes or their representatives with respect to the impact of the TUMSHCP and ITP on these “Traditional Cultural Properties.”
Management considers the allegations in the TUMSHCP Suit to be beyond the scope of the law and regulations referenced in the TUMSHCP Suit, and believes that the issues raised by the TUMSHCP Plaintiffs were adequately addressed by the USFWS during the consultation process with Native American tribes. The Company intends to coordinate closely with the USFWS to vigorously defend this matter. The TUMSHCP Plaintiffs raised essentially the same arguments regarding the Native American consultation process and the California condor in state court litigation. In that litigation, the California Court of Appeal rejected the TUMSHCP Plaintiffs’ arguments as lacking merit. See Center for Biological Diversity, et al.v. Kern County, 2012 WL 1417682 (Case No. F061908). That state appellate court decision was issued on April 25, 2012.
The Company believes the TUMSHCP Suit does not impede on the ability to start or complete the development of MV development.

23



National Cement
The Company leases land to National Cement Company of California Inc., or National, for the purpose of manufacturing Portland cement from limestone deposits on the leased acreage. The California Regional Water Quality Control Board, or RWQCB, for the Lahontan Region issued orders in the late 1990s with respect to environmental conditions on the property currently leased to National.
The Company's former tenant Lafarge Corporation, or Lafarge, and current tenant National, continue to remediate these environmental conditions consistent with the RWQCB orders.
The Company is not aware of any failure by Lafarge or National to comply with directives of the RWQCB. Under current and prior leases, National and Lafarge are obligated to indemnify the Company for costs and liabilities arising out of their use of the leased premises. The remediation of environmental conditions is included within the scope of the National or Lafarge indemnity obligations. If the Company were required to remediate the environmental conditions at its own cost, it is unlikely that the amount of any such expenditure by the Company would be material and there is no reasonable likelihood of continuing risk from this matter.
Antelope Valley Groundwater Cases
On November 29, 2004, a conglomerate of public water suppliers filed a cross-complaint in the Los Angeles Superior Court seeking a judicial determination of the rights to groundwater within the Antelope Valley basin, including the groundwater underlying the Company’s land near the Centennial project. Four phases of a multi-phase trial have been completed. Upon completion of the third phase, the court ruled that the groundwater basin was in overdraft and established a current total sustainable yield. The fourth phase of trial occurred in the first half of 2013 and resulted in confirmation of each party’s groundwater pumping for 2011 and 2012. The fifth phase of the trial commenced in February 2014, and concerned 1) whether the United States has a federal reserved water right to basin groundwater, and 2) the rights to return flows from imported water. The court heard evidence on the federal reserved right but continued the trial on the return flow issues while most of the parties to the adjudication discussed a settlement, including rights to return flows. In February 2015, more than 140 parties representing more than 99% of the current water use within the adjudication boundary agreed to a settlement. On March 4, 2015, the settling parties, including Tejon, submitted a Stipulation for Entry of Judgment and Physical Solution to the court for approval. On December 23, 2015, the court entered judgment approving the Stipulation for Entry of Judgment and Physical Solution, or Judgment. The Company’s water supply plan for the Centennial project anticipated reliance on, among other sources, a certain quantity of groundwater underlying the Company’s lands in the Antelope Valley. The Company’s allocation in the Judgment is consistent with that amount. Prior to the Judgment becoming final, on February 19 and 22, 2016, several parties, including the Willis Class and Phelan Pinon Hills Community Services District, filed notices of appeal from the Judgment. The Appeal has been transferred from the Fourth Appellate District to the Fifth Appellate District.
Appellate briefing is scheduled to occur in 2019. Notwithstanding the appeals, the parties, with assistance from the Court have established the Watermaster Board, hired the Watermaster Engineer and Watermaster Legal Counsel, and begun administering the Physical Solution, consistent with the Judgment.

24



Summary and Status of Kern Water Bank Lawsuits
On June 3, 2010, the Central Delta and South Delta Water Agencies and several environmental groups, including CBD, or collectively, Central Delta Petitioners, filed a complaint in the Sacramento County Superior Court against the California Department of Water Resources, or DWR, Kern County Water Agency, or KCWA, and a number of “real parties in interest,” including the Company and TCWD, or Central Delta Action.  The lawsuit challenges certain amendments to the SWP contracts that were originally approved in 1995, known as the Monterey Amendments. The Central Delta Petitioners sought to invalidate the DWR's approval of the Monterey Amendments and also the 2010 environmental impact report, or 2010 EIR, regarding the Monterey Amendments prepared pursuant to the California Environmental Quality Act, or CEQA, pertaining to the Kern Water Bank, or KWB. Pursuant to the Monterey Amendments, DWR transferred approximately 20,000 acres in Kern County owned by DWR, or KWB property, to the KCWA.
A separate but parallel lawsuit, or Central Delta II, was also filed by the Central Delta Petitioners in Kern County Superior Court on July 2, 2010, against KCWA, also naming the Company and TCWD as real parties in interest. Central Delta II challenged the validity of the transfer of the KWB property from the KCWA to the Kern Water Bank Authority, or KWBA. The petitioners in this case alleged that (i) the transfer of the KWB property by KCWA to the KWBA was an unconstitutional gift of public funds, (ii) and the consideration for the transfer of the KWB property to the KWBA was unconscionable and illusory. This case has been stayed pending the outcome of the Central Delta Action.
In addition, another lawsuit was filed in Kern County Superior Court on June 3, 2010, by two districts adjacent to the KWB, namely Rosedale Rio Bravo and Buena Vista Water Storage Districts, or collectively, the Rosedale Petitioners, asserting that the 2010 EIR did not adequately evaluate potential impacts arising from operations of the KWB, or Rosedale Action, but this lawsuit did not name the Company; it only named TCWD. TCWD has a contract right for water stored in the KWB and rights to recharge and withdraw water. This lawsuit was moved to the Sacramento County Superior Court.
In the Central Delta Action and Rosedale Action, the trial courts concluded that the 2010 EIR for the Monterey Amendments was insufficient with regard to the EIR's evaluation of the potential impacts of the operation of the KWB, particularly on groundwater and water quality, and ruled that DWR was required to prepare a remedial EIR (which is further described below). In the Central Delta Action, the trial court also concluded that the challenges to DWR’s 1995 approval of the Monterey Amendments were barred by statutes of limitations and laches. The Central Delta Petitioners filed an appeal of the Sacramento County Superior Court Judgment, and certain real parties filed a cross-appeal. No party appealed the Kern County Superior Court Judgment in the Rosedale Action.
On November 24, 2014, the Sacramento County Superior Court in the Central Delta Action issued a writ of mandate, or 2014 Writ, that required DWR to prepare a revised EIR (described herein as the 2016 EIR because it was certified in 2016) regarding the Monterey Amendments evaluating the potential operational impacts of the KWB. The 2014 Writ, as revised by the court, required DWR to certify the 2016 EIR and file the response to the 2014 Writ by September 28, 2016. On September 20, 2016, the Director of DWR (a) certified the 2016 EIR prepared by DWR, as in compliance with CEQA, (b) adopted findings, a statement of overriding considerations, and a mitigation, monitoring and reporting program as required by CEQA, (c) made a new finding pertaining to carrying out the Monterey Amendments through continued use and operation of the KWB by the KWBA, and (d) caused a notice of determination to be filed with the Office of Planning and Resources of the State of California on September 22, 2016. On September 28, 2016, DWR filed with the Sacramento Superior Court its return to the 2014 Writ in the Central Delta Action.

25



On October 21, 2016, the Central Delta Petitioners and a new party, the Center for Food Safety, or CFS, or collectively, the CFS Petitioners, filed a new lawsuit in Sacramento County Superior Court, or CFS Action, against DWR and naming a number of real parties in interest, including KWBA and TCWD (but not including the Company). The CFS Action challenges DWR’s (i) certification of the 2016 EIR, (ii) compliance with the 2014 Writ and CEQA, and (iii) finding concerning the continued use and operation of the KWB by KWBA. On August 18, 2017, the Sacramento County Superior Court held a hearing on the response to the 2014 Writ and on the CFS petition filed in this action. On October 2, 2017, the Sacramento County Superior Court issued a ruling that the court shall deny the CFS petition and shall discharge the 2014 Writ. The CFS Petitioners appealed the Sacramento County Superior Court judgment denying the CFS petition. The Third Appellate District of the Court of Appeal granted DWR’s motion to consolidate the CFS Action appeal for hearing with the pending appeals in the Central Delta Action. Briefing on all of the appeals and cross-appeals is now complete. At this time, we anticipate having a ruling from the Court of Appeal on these consolidated appeals of the CFS Action and the Central Delta Action sometime in 2019 or 2020.
Grapevine
On December 6, 2016, the Kern County Board of Supervisors unanimously granted entitlement approval for the Grapevine project (described below). On January 5, 2017, the CBD, and the CFS, filed an action in Kern County Superior Court pursuant to CEQA, against Kern County and the Kern County Board of Supervisors, or collectively, the County, concerning the County’s granting of the 2016 approvals for the Grapevine project, including certification of the final EIR. The Company is named as real parties in interest in this action. The action alleges that the County failed to properly follow the procedures and requirements of CEQA, including failure to identify, analyze and mitigate impacts to air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, biological resources, traffic, water supply and hydrology, growth inducing impacts, failure to adequately consider project alternatives and to provide support for the County’s findings and statement of overriding considerations in adopting the EIR and failure to adequately describe the environmental setting and project description. Petitioners sought to invalidate the County’s approval of the project, the environmental approvals and require the Company and the County to revise the environmental documentation.
On July 27, 2018, the court held a hearing on the petitioners’ claims. At that hearing, the court rejected all of petitioners’ claims raised in the litigation, except petitioners’ claims that (i) the project description was inadequate and (ii) such inadequacy resulted in aspects of certain environmental impacts being improperly analyzed. As to the claims described in “(i)” and “(ii)” in the foregoing sentence, the court determined that the EIR was inadequate. In that regard, the court determined the Grapevine project description contained in the EIR allowed development to occur in the time and manner determined by the real parties in interest and, as a consequence, such development flexibility could result in the project’s internal capture rate, or ICR - the percent of vehicle trips remaining within the project - actually being lower than the projected ICR levels used in the EIR and that lower ICR levels warranted supplemental traffic, air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, public health and growth inducing impact analyses.

26



On December 11, 2018, the court ruled that portions of the EIR required corrections and supplemental environmental analysis and ordered that the County rescind the Grapevine project approvals until such supplemental environmental analysis was completed. The court issued a final judgment consistent with its ruling on February 15, 2019 and, on March 12, 2019, the County rescinded the Grapevine project approvals. Following the County’s rescission of the Grapevine project approvals, the Company has filed new applications to re-entitle the Grapevine project, or re-entitlement. The re-entitlement application involves processing project approvals that are substantively similar to the Grapevine project that was unanimously approved by the Kern County Board of Supervisors in December of 2016. As part of the re-entitlement, supplemental environmental analysis will be prepared to address the court’s ruling. Following a public comment and review period, the Kern County Planning Commission will hold a hearing to make a recommendation to the Kern County Board of Supervisors on the re-entitlement of the Grapevine project. Thereafter, the Kern County Board of Supervisors will hold a hearing to consider the supplemental environmental analysis and whether to act to approve the re-entitlement of the Grapevine project. We anticipate possible Kern County Board of Supervisors action occurring in late 2019. Following the Board of Supervisors’ action, further litigation could challenge the re-entitlement.
Proceedings Incidental to Business
From time to time, we are involved in other proceedings incidental to our business, including actions relating to employee claims, real estate disputes, contractor disputes and grievance hearings before labor regulatory agencies.
The outcome of these other proceedings is not predictable. However, based on current circumstances, we do not believe that the ultimate resolution of these other proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows either individually or in the aggregate.

27




13.    RETIREMENT PLANS
The Company sponsors a defined benefit retirement plan, or Benefit Plan, that covers eligible employees hired prior to February 1, 2007. The benefits are based on years of service and the employee’s five-year final average salary. Contributions are intended to provide for benefits attributable to service both to date and expected to be provided in the future. The Company funds the plan in accordance with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, or ERISA. In April 2017, the Company froze the Benefit Plan as it relates to future benefit accruals for participants. The Company expects to contribute $165,000 to the Benefit Plan during 2019.
Benefit Plan assets consist of equity, debt and short-term money market investment funds. The Benefit Plan’s current investment policy changed during the third quarter of 2018. The new policy is an investment strategy in which the primary focus is to minimize the volatility of the funding ratio. This objective will result in a prescribed asset mix between "return seeking" assets (e.g., stocks) and a bond portfolio (e.g., long duration bonds) according to a pre-determined customized investment strategy based on the Benefit Plan's funded status as the primary input. This path will be used as a reference point as to the mix of assets, which by design will de-emphasize the return seeking portion as funded status improves. At both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the investment mix was approximately 64% equity, 35% debt, and 1% money market funds. Equity investments consist of a combination of individual equity securities plus value funds, growth funds, large cap funds and international stock funds. Debt investments consist of U.S. Treasury securities and investment grade corporate debt. The weighted average discount rate used in determining the periodic pension cost is 4.2% in 2019 and 2018. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets is 7.3% and 7.5% in 2019 and 2018, respectively. The long-term rate of return on Benefit Plan assets is based on the historical returns within the plan and expectations for future returns.
Total pension and retirement expense for the Benefit Plan was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Earnings (cost) components:
 
 
 
Interest cost
(97
)
 
(91
)
Expected return on plan assets
131

 
146

Net amortization and deferral
(19
)
 
(16
)
Total net periodic pension earnings
$
15

 
$
39

The Company has a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan, or SERP, to restore to executives designated by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors the full benefits under the pension plan that would otherwise be restricted by certain limitations now imposed under the Internal Revenue Code. The SERP is currently unfunded. The Company in April 2017 froze the SERP as it relates to the accrual of additional benefits.
The pension and retirement expense for the SERP was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Cost components:
 
 
 
Interest cost
$
(76
)
 
$
(64
)
Net amortization and other
(16
)
 
(16
)
Total net periodic pension cost
$
(92
)
 
$
(80
)

28




14.    REPORTING SEGMENTS AND RELATED INFORMATION
We currently operate in five reporting segments: commercial/industrial real estate development, resort/residential real estate development, mineral resources, farming, and ranch operations. For further details of the revenue components within each reporting segment, see Results of Operations by Segment in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations".

Commercial
Commercial revenue consists of land and building leases to tenants at our commercial retail and industrial developments, base and percentage rents from our PEF power plant lease, communication tower rents, and payments from easement leases. The following table summarizes revenues, expenses and operating income from this segment for periods ended:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Commercial revenues
2,826

 
2,154

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures
876

 
167

Commercial revenues and equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures
3,702

 
2,321

Commercial expenses
1,792

 
1,319

Operating results from commercial and unconsolidated joint ventures
$
1,910

 
$
1,002


Resort Residential
The resort/residential real estate development segment is actively involved in the land entitlement and development process internally and through joint ventures. The segment incurs costs and expenses related to its development activities, but currently generates no revenue. The segment produced losses of $648,000 and $415,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Mineral Resources
The mineral resources segment receives oil and mineral royalties from the exploration and development companies that extract or mine the natural resources from our land and receives revenue from water sales. The following table summarizes revenues, expenses and operating results from this segment for periods ended:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Mineral resources revenues
6,132

 
9,131

Mineral resources expenses
$
3,832

 
$
4,231

Operating results from mineral resources
$
2,300

 
$
4,900


29



Farming
The farming segment produces revenues from the sale of almonds, pistachios, wine grapes, and hay. The following table summarizes revenues, expenses and operating results from this segment for periods ended:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Farming revenues
815

 
1,195

Farming expenses
$
1,598

 
$
1,838

Operating results from farming
$
(783
)
 
$
(643
)

Ranch Operations
The ranch operations segment consists of game management revenues and ancillary land uses such as grazing leases. The following table summarizes revenues, expenses and operating results from this segment for periods ended:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Ranch operations revenues
889

 
989

Ranch operations expenses
$
1,350

 
$
1,389

Operating results from ranch operations
$
(461
)
 
$
(400
)

30




15.    INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED AND CONSOLIDATED JOINT VENTURES
The Company maintains investments in joint ventures. The Company accounts for its investments in unconsolidated joint ventures using the equity method of accounting unless the venture is a variable interest entity, or VIE, and meets the requirements for consolidation. The Company’s investment in its unconsolidated joint ventures as of March 31, 2019 was $29,503,000. Equity in earnings from unconsolidated joint ventures was $876,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The unconsolidated joint ventures have not been consolidated as of March 31, 2019, because the Company does not control the investments. The Company’s current joint ventures are as follows:
Petro Travel Plaza Holdings LLC – is an unconsolidated joint venture with TravelCenters of America that develops and manages travel plazas, gas stations, convenience stores, and fast food restaurants throughout TRCC. The Company has 50% of the voting rights but participates in 60% of all profits and losses. The Company does not control the investment due to it only having 50% of the voting rights. Our partner is the managing partner and performs all of the day-to-day operations and has significant decision making authority regarding key business components such as fuel inventory and pricing at the facility. The Company's investment in this joint venture was $19,548,000 as of March 31, 2019.
Majestic Realty Co. – Majestic Realty Co., or Majestic, is a privately-held developer and owner of master planned business parks throughout the United States. The Company formed three 50/50 joint ventures with Majestic to acquire, develop, manage, and operate industrial real estate at TRCC. The partners have equal voting rights and equally share in the profit and loss of the joint ventures. The Company and Majestic guarantee the performance of all outstanding debt.
In November 2018, TRC-MRC 3, LLC was formed to pursue the development, construction, leasing, and management of a 579,040 square foot industrial building on the Company's property at TRCC-East. We anticipate construction to be completed in 2019, and plan to deliver the space in the fourth quarter of 2019 to a tenant that has entered into a lease agreement to occupy 67% of this rentable space. The Company's investment in this joint venture was $100,000 as of March 31, 2019. See Note 17 Subsequent Events for further disclosures related TRC-MRC 3, LLC.
TRC-MRC 2, LLC was formed to acquire, lease, and maintain a fully occupied warehouse at TRCC-West. The partnership acquired the 651,909 square foot building for $24,773,000 that was largely financed through a promissory note guaranteed by both partners. The promissory note was refinanced on June 1, 2018 with a $25,240,000 promissory note. The note matures on July 1, 2028 and currently has an outstanding principal balance of $24,877,000. Since inception, we have received excess distributions resulting in a deficit balance of $2,482,000. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, we reclassified excess distributions to Other Liabilities within our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We will continue to record equity in earnings as a debit to the investment account and if it were to become positive, we will reclassify the liability to an asset. If it becomes obvious that any excess distribution may not be returned (upon joint venture liquidation or otherwise), we will immediately recognize the liability as income.

31



TRC-MRC 1, LLC was formed to develop and operate a 480,480 square foot industrial building at TRCC-East. The facility is currently leased to Dollar General and L’Oréal USA, the largest subsidiary of L’Oréal. Since inception, we have received excess distributions resulting in a deficit balance of $275,000. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, we reclassified excess distributions to Other Liabilities within our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We will continue to record equity in earnings as a debit to the investment account and if it were to become positive, we will reclassify the liability to an asset. If it becomes obvious that any excess distribution may not be returned (upon joint venture liquidation or otherwise), we will immediately recognize the liability as income. The joint venture refinanced its construction loan in December 2018 with a mortgage loan. The original balance of the mortgage loan was $25,030,000, of which $24,943,000 was outstanding as of March 31, 2019.
Rockefeller Joint Ventures – The Company has three joint ventures with Rockefeller Group Development Corporation, or Rockefeller. At March 31, 2019, the Company’s combined equity investment balance in these three joint ventures was $9,855,000.
Two joint ventures are for the development of buildings on approximately 91 acres of our land and are part of an agreement for the potential development of up to 500 acres of land in TRCC that are tied to Foreign Trade Zone designation. The Company owns a 50% interest in each of the joint ventures. Currently, the Five West Parcel LLC joint venture owns and leases a 606,000 square foot building to Dollar General, which has now been extended to July 2022, and includes an option for an additional three years. For operating revenue, please see the following table. The Five West Parcel LLC joint venture currently has an outstanding term loan with a balance of $9,038,000 that matures on May 5, 2022. The Company and Rockefeller guarantee the performance of the debt. The second of these joint ventures, 18-19 West LLC, was formed in August 2009 through the contribution of 61.5 acres of land by the Company, which is being held for future development. Both of these joint ventures are being accounted for under the equity method due to both members having significant participating rights in the management of the ventures.
The third joint venture is the TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC joint venture that was formed in of 2013 to develop, own, and manage a net leasable 326,000 square foot outlet center on land at TRCC-East. The cost of the outlet center was approximately $87,000,000 and was funded through a construction loan for up to 60% of the costs. The remaining 40% was funded through equity contributions from the two members. The Company controls 50% of the voting interests of TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC; thus, it does not control the joint venture by voting interest alone. The Company is the named managing member. The managing member's responsibilities relate to the routine day-to-day activities of TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC. However, all operating decisions during the development period and ongoing operations, including the setting and monitoring of the budget, leasing, marketing, financing and selection of the contractor for any construction, are jointly made by both members of the joint venture. Therefore, the Company concluded that both members have significant participating rights that are sufficient to overcome the presumption of the Company controlling the joint venture through it being named the managing member. Therefore, the investment in TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC is being accounted for under the equity method. The TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC joint venture has a credit agreement with a financial institution for $52,000,000 that, as of March 31, 2019, had an outstanding balance of $46,341,000. The Company and Rockefeller guarantee the performance of the debt.

32



Centennial Founders, LLC – Centennial Founders, LLC, or CFL, is a joint venture that was initially formed with TRI Pointe Homes, Lewis Investment Company, or Lewis, and CalAtlantic to pursue the entitlement and development of land that the Company owns in Los Angeles County. Based on the Second Amended and Restated Limited Company Agreement of CFL and the change in control and funding that resulted from the amended agreement, CFL qualified as a VIE beginning in the third quarter of 2009, and the Company was determined to be the primary beneficiary. As a result, CFL was consolidated into our financial statements beginning in that quarter. Our partners retained a noncontrolling interest in the joint venture. On November 30, 2016, CFL and Lewis entered a Redemption and Withdrawal Agreement, whereby Lewis irrevocably and unconditionally withdrew as a member of CFL, and CFL redeemed Lewis' entire interest for no consideration. As a result, our noncontrolling interest balance was reduced by $11,039,000. On December 31, 2018, CFL and CalAtlantic entered a Redemption and Withdrawal Agreement, whereby CalAtlantic irrevocably and unconditionally withdrew as a member of CFL, and CFL redeemed CalAtlantic's entire interest for no consideration. As a result, the noncontrolling interest balance was reduced by $13,172,000. At March 31, 2019, the Company owned 92.32% of CFL.

The Company’s investment balance in its unconsolidated joint ventures differs from its respective capital accounts in the respective joint ventures. The differential represents the difference between the cost basis of assets contributed by the Company and the agreed upon contribution value of the assets contributed.
Unaudited condensed statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and condensed balance sheet information of the Company’s unconsolidated joint ventures as of March 31, 2019 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
Joint Venture
 
TRC
($ in thousands)
Revenues
 
Earnings(Loss)
 
Equity in Earnings(Loss)
Petro Travel Plaza Holdings, LLC
$
25,406

 
$
24,677

 
$
1,870

 
$
887

 
$
1,122

 
$
532

Five West Parcel, LLC
684

 
697

 
171

 
191

 
86

 
96

18-19 West, LLC
3

 
3

 
(28
)
 
(27
)
 
(14
)
 
(13
)
TRCC/Rock Outlet Center, LLC1
1,898

 
1,475

 
(785
)
 
(1,095
)
 
(393
)
 
(548
)
TRC-MRC 1, LLC
736

 

 
(5
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
(1
)
TRC-MRC 2, LLC2
984

 
978

 
154

 
202

 
77

 
101

Total
$
29,711

 
$
27,830

 
$
1,377

 
$
157

 
$
876

 
$
167

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Centennial Founders, LLC
$
122

 
$
87

 
$
64

 
$
(18
)
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Revenues for TRCC/Rock Outlet Center are presented net of non-cash tenant allowance amortization of $0.5 million and $0.4 million as of March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
(2) Earnings for TRC-MRC 2, LLC include non-cash amortization of purchase accounting adjustments related to in-place leases of $0.2 million as of both of March 31, 2019 and 2018.

33




 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Joint Venture
TRC
 
Joint Venture
TRC
($ in thousands)
Assets
Debt
Equity
Equity
 
Assets
Debt
Equity
Equity
Petro Travel Plaza Holdings, LLC
$
70,441

$
(15,284
)
$
53,247

$
19,548

 
$
69,096

$
(15,283
)
$
51,377

$
18,426

Five West Parcel, LLC
15,125

(9,038
)
5,922

2,777

 
15,157

(9,173
)
5,751

2,691

18-19 West, LLC
4,632


4,626

1,769

 
4,654


4,654

1,783

TRCC/Rock Outlet Center, LLC
74,062

(46,341
)
26,746

5,309

 
75,194

(46,826
)
27,531

5,702

TRC-MRC 1, LLC
29,629

(24,943
)
3,998


 
29,692

(25,030
)
4,018


TRC-MRC 2, LLC
20,358

(24,877
)
(6,281
)

 
20,362

(25,014
)
(5,763
)

TRC-MRC 3, LLC
$
3,866

$

$
200

$
100

 
$

$

$

$

Total
$
218,113

$
(120,483
)
$
88,458

$
29,503

 
$
214,155

$
(121,326
)
$
87,568

$
28,602

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Centennial Founders, LLC
$
94,397

$

$
94,002

***

 
$
93,840

$

$
93,188

***

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*** Centennial Founders, LLC is consolidated within the Company's financial statements.

16.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
TCWD is a not-for-profit governmental entity, organized on December 28, 1965, pursuant to Division 13 of the Water Code, State of California. TCWD is a landowner voting district, which requires an elector, or voter, to be an owner of land located within the district. TCWD was organized to provide the water needs for future municipal and industrial development. The Company is the largest landowner and taxpayer within TCWD. The Company has a water service contract with TCWD that entitles us to receive all of TCWD’s State Water Project entitlement and all of TCWD’s banked water. TCWD is also entitled to make assessments of all taxpayers within the district, to the extent funds are required to cover expenses and to charge water users within the district for the use of water. From time to time, we transact with TCWD in the ordinary course of business.

17.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
On April 1, 2019, the Company contributed land valued at $5,800,000 to TRC-MRC 3, LLC in accordance with the Limited Liability Company Agreement of this joint venture and recorded our investment in this joint venture at the aforementioned fair value. The land contribution meets the criteria of a land sale under ASC Topic 606, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" as such, we recognized profit of $1,700,000 and deferred $1,700,000 of profit in accordance with ASC Topic 323, "Investment - Equity Method and Joint Ventures" on the date the land was contributed.


34


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, including without limitation statements regarding strategic alliances, the almond, pistachio and grape industries, the future plantings of permanent crops, future yields, prices and water availability for our crops and real estate operations, future prices, production and demand for oil and other minerals, future development of our property, future revenue and income of our jointly-owned travel plaza and other joint venture operations, potential losses to the Company as a result of pending environmental proceedings, the adequacy of future cash flows to fund our operations, market value risks associated with investment and risk management activities and with respect to inventory, accounts receivable and our own outstanding indebtedness and other future events and conditions. In some cases these statements are identifiable through the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “can,” “could,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “likely,” and similar expressions. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth, and trends in our business and other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. We caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not a guarantee of future performances and are subject to assumptions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company, or industry results, to differ materially from any future results, performance, or achievement implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and important factors include, but are not limited to, weather, market and economic forces, availability of financing for land development activities, competition and success in obtaining various governmental approvals and entitlements for land development activities. No assurance can be given that the actual future results will not differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make for a number of reasons, including those described above and in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in this report and our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.
OVERVIEW
We are a diversified real estate development and agribusiness company committed to responsibly using our land and resources to meet the housing, employment, and lifestyle needs of Californians and to create value for our shareholders. In support of these objectives, we have been investing in land planning and entitlement activities for new industrial and residential land developments and in infrastructure improvements within our active industrial development. Our prime asset is approximately 270,000 acres of contiguous, largely undeveloped land that, at its most southerly border, is 60 miles north of Los Angeles and, at its most northerly border, is 15 miles east of Bakersfield.

35


Business Objectives and Strategies
Our primary business objective is to maximize long-term shareholder value through the monetization of our land-based assets. A key element of our strategy is to entitle and then develop large-scale mixed use master planned residential and commercial/industrial real estate projects to serve the growing populations of Southern and Central California. Our mixed use master planned residential developments have been, or are in the process of being, approved or re-approved, to collectively include up to 34,783 housing units, and more than 35 million square feet of commercial space. We have obtained entitlements on Mountain Village at Tejon Ranch, or MV. We are working with Kern County on re-entitlement efforts by preparing supplemental environmental documentation for Grapevine at Tejon Ranch, or Grapevine. Lastly, in December 2018, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors voted in favor of our plan to develop Centennial at Tejon Ranch, or Centennial, taking an additional step toward approving the mixed-use residential community. On April 30, 2019, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave final approval to the specific plan for Centennial. The specific plan includes 19,333 residential units and more than 10.1 million square feet of commercial space. We are currently engaged in entitlement, construction, commercial sales and leasing at our fully operational commercial/industrial center Tejon Ranch Commerce Center, or TRCC. All of these efforts are supported by diverse revenue streams generated from other operations, including commercial real estate, farming, mineral resources, ranch operations, and our various joint ventures.
Our Business
We currently operate in five reporting segments: commercial/industrial real estate; resort/residential real estate development; mineral resources; farming; and ranch operations.
Activities within the commercial/industrial real estate segment include: entitling, planning, and permitting of land for development; construction of infrastructure; construction of pre-leased buildings; construction of buildings to be leased or sold; and the sale of land to third parties for their own development. The commercial/industrial segment generates revenues from building and land lease activities, power plant leases, communications leases, and landscape maintenance services. The primary commercial/industrial development is TRCC. TRCC includes developments east and west of Interstate 5 at TRCC-East and TRCC-West, respectively.
We are also involved in multiple joint ventures with several partners that help us expand our commercial/industrial business activities within TRCC:
Our joint venture with TravelCenters of America, or TA/Petro, owns and operates two travel and truck stop facilities, and also operates five separate gas stations with convenience stores within TRCC-West and TRCC-East.
Three joint ventures with Rockefeller Development Group, or Rockefeller:
Five West Parcel LLC owns a 606,000 square foot building in TRCC-West that is fully leased;
18-19 West LLC owns 61.5 acres of land for future development within TRCC-West;
TRCC/Rock Outlet Center LLC operates the Outlets at Tejon, a net leasable 326,000 square foot shopping experience in TRCC-East;
Three joint ventures with Majestic Realty Co., or Majestic, to develop, manage, and operate industrial buildings within TRCC:
TRC-MRC 1, LLC was formed to develop and operate a 480,480 square foot industrial building in TRCC-East, which was completed during 2017 and fully leased as of September 30, 2018;

36


TRC-MRC 2, LLC owns a 651,909 square foot building in TRCC-West that is fully leased;
TRC-MRC 3, LLC was formed to pursue the development, construction, leasing and management of a 579,040 square foot industrial building in TRCC-East. During the first quarter of 2019, and prior to the completion of the building, the joint venture executed a lease for 67% of the building. We anticipate construction will be completed during the fourth quarter of 2019.
The resort/residential real estate development segment is actively involved in the land entitlement and development process internally and through a joint venture. Our active developments within resort/residential are MV, Centennial, and Grapevine.
MV encompasses a total of 26,417 acres, of which 5,082 acres will be used for the mixed-use development that will include housing, retail, and commercial components. MV is entitled for 3,450 homes, 160,000 square feet of commercial development, 750 hotel keys, and more than 21,335 acres of open space, and is approved for tentative tract map for the first four phases of residential development.
The Centennial development is a mixed-use master planned community development encompassing 12,323 acres of our land within Los Angeles County. Upon completion of Centennial, it is estimated that the community will include approximately 19,333 homes and 10.1 million square feet of commercial development.
Grapevine is an 8,010-acre potential development area located on the San Joaquin Valley floor area of our lands, adjacent to TRCC. Upon completion of Grapevine, the community will include 12,000 homes, 5.1 million square feet for commercial development, and more than 3,367 acres of open space and parks.
Please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, for a more detailed description of our active developments within the resort/residential segment.
Our mineral resources segment generates revenues from oil and gas royalty leases, rock and aggregate mining leases, a lease with National Cement Company of California Inc., and sales of water.
The farming segment produces revenues from the sale of wine grapes, almonds, and pistachios.
Lastly, the ranch operations segment consists of game management revenues and ancillary land uses such as grazing leases and filming.
For the first three months of 2019 we had net income attributable to common stockholders of $119,000 compared to $1,457,000 for the first three months of 2018. The leading driver for this decline is a $2,999,000 decrease for our mineral resources revenue resulting from fewer water sale opportunities in 2019. This decrease was partially offset by higher equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures of $709,000, resulting from the increase in our share of earnings from the TA/Petro joint venture, and improved commercial revenue of $672,000, which was primarily driven by higher lease revenue from the Pastoria Energy Facility.
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations provides a narrative discussion of our results of operations. It contains the results of operations for each reporting segment of the business and is followed by a discussion of our financial position. It is useful to read the reporting segment information in conjunction with Note 14 (Reporting Segments and Related Information) of the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of our interim financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP, requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We consider an accounting estimate to be critical if: (1) the accounting estimate requires us to make assumptions about matters that were highly uncertain at the time the accounting estimate was made, and (2) changes in the estimates that are likely to occur from period to period, or use of different estimates that we reasonably could have used in the current period, would have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, impairment of long-lived assets, capitalization of costs, allocation of costs related to land sales and leases, stock compensation, our future ability to utilize deferred tax assets, and defined benefit retirement plan. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, our critical accounting policies have not changed since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Please refer to that filing for a description of our critical accounting policies. Please also refer to Note 1 (Basis of Presentation) in the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in this report for newly adopted accounting principles.

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Results of Operations by Segment
We evaluate the performance of our reporting segments separately to monitor the different factors affecting financial results. Each reporting segment is subject to review and evaluation as we monitor current market conditions, market opportunities, and available resources. The performance of each reporting segment is discussed below:
Real Estate – Commercial/Industrial:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Change
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
$
 
%
Commercial revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pastoria Energy Facility
$
1,465

 
$
1,024

 
$
441

 
43
%
TRCC Leasing
452

 
407

 
45

 
11
%
TRCC management fees and reimbursements
235

 
213

 
22

 
10
%
Commercial leases
167

 
160

 
7

 
4
%
Communication leases
246

 
184

 
62

 
34
%
Landscaping and other
261

 
166

 
95

 
57
%
Total commercial revenues
$
2,826

 
$
2,154

 
$
672

 
31
%
Total commercial expenses
$
1,792

 
$
1,319

 
$
473

 
36
%
Operating income from commercial/industrial
$
1,034

 
$
835

 
$
199

 
24
%

Commercial/industrial real estate segment revenues were $2,826,000 for the first three months of 2019, an increase of $672,000, or 31%, from $2,154,000 during the first three months of 2018. The increase is primarily attributed to revenue increases from the Pastoria Energy Facility of $441,000, or 43%, resulting from higher than expected 2018 spark spread estimates. The spark spread represents contingent rent based on power generation.
Commercial/industrial real estate segment expenses were $1,792,000 during the first three months of 2019, an increase of $473,000, or 36%, from $1,319,000 during the first three months of 2018. This increase is primarily attributed to increases in Tejon-Castac Water District, or TCWD, fixed water assessments of $214,000 and bad debt reserve of $93,000.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we had no leases that expired, nor did we have any material lease renewals.
The logistics operators currently located within TRCC have demonstrated success in serving all of California and the western region of the United States, and we are building from their success in our marketing efforts. We will continue to focus our marketing strategy for TRCC-East and TRCC-West on the significant labor and logistical benefits of our site, the pro-business approach of Kern County, and the demonstrated success of the current tenants and owners within our development. Our strategy fits within the logistics model that many companies are using, which favors large, centralized distribution facilities which have been strategically located to maximize the balance of inbound and outbound efficiencies, rather than a number of decentralized smaller distribution centers. The world class logistics operators located within TRCC have demonstrated success through utilization of this model. With access to markets of over 40 million people for next-day delivery service, they are also demonstrating success with e-commerce fulfillment.

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Our Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) designation allows businesses to secure the many benefits and cost reductions associated with streamlined movement of goods in and out of the zone. This FTZ designation is further supplemented by the Economic Development Incentive Policy, or EDIP, adopted by the Kern County Board of Supervisors. EDIP is aimed to expand and enhance the County's competitiveness by taking affirmative steps to attract new businesses and to encourage the growth and resilience of existing businesses. EDIP provides incentives such as assistance in obtaining tax incentives, building supporting infrastructure, and workforce development. 
We believe that the FTZ and EDIP, along with our ability to provide fully-entitled, shovel-ready land parcels to support buildings of any size, especially buildings 1.0 million square feet or larger, can provide us with a potential marketing advantage in the future. We are also expanding our marketing efforts to include industrial users in the Santa Clarita Valley of northern Los Angeles County, and the northern part of the San Fernando Valley due to the limited availability of new product and high real estate costs in these locations. Tenants in these geographic areas are typically users of relatively smaller facilities. In pursuit of such opportunities, the Company is in process of constructing a 579,040 square foot distribution facility with Majestic. The Company and Majestic have successfully leased 67% of this distribution facility prior to its completion, with the tenant taking occupancy in the fourth quarter of 2019. This new construction is building on the success in 2018 of fully leasing a 480,000 square foot building to Dollar General and to SalonCentric, L’Oréal USA’s professional salon distribution operation, in a partnership with Majestic.
A potential disadvantage to our development strategy is our distance from the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach in comparison to the warehouse/distribution centers located in the Inland Empire, a large industrial area located east of Los Angeles, which continues its expansion eastward beyond Riverside and San Bernardino, to include Perris, Moreno Valley, and Beaumont. As development in the Inland Empire continues to move east and farther away from the ports, our potential disadvantage of our distance from the ports is being mitigated. Strong demand for large distribution facilities is driving development farther east in a search for large entitled parcels.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, vacancy rates in the Inland Empire fell 20 basis points to 3.7%, the lowest rate on record. Construction completions totaled only 4.4 million square feet in the quarter ended March 31, 2019, which is below the five-year quarterly average. The low vacancy rates have led to a year-over-year increase in lease rates of 12.1% within the Inland Empire. As lease rates increase in the Inland Empire, we may begin to have greater pricing advantages due to our lower land basis.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, vacancy rates in the northern Los Angeles industrial market, which includes the San Fernando Valley and Santa Clarita Valley, dropped 10 basis points to 1.4%. Rents have been increasing for the past six years and will likely continue to rise in future years as the vacancy rate is at historic lows and quality industrial space remains hard to find. Average asking rents increased 10.1% year over year, which have surpassed the historical peak which was seen in late 2007. Industrial demand remains high and infill industrial demand remains higher still. Future quarters will likely see greater construction activity as rents hit new highs and vacancy rates are at historic lows. Demand for industrial space in this market will also continue to be driven by domestic and global consumption levels. As industrial vacancy rates are at historic lows, industrial users seeking larger spaces are having to go further north into neighboring Kern County and particularly, TRCC, which has attracted increased attention as market conditions continue to tighten.
We expect the commercial/industrial segment to continue to experience costs, net of amounts capitalized, primarily related to professional service fees, marketing costs, commissions, planning costs, and staffing costs as we continue to pursue development opportunities. These costs are expected to remain consistent with current levels of expense with any variability in the future tied to specific absorption transactions in any given year.

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The actual timing and completion of development is difficult to predict due to the uncertainties of the market. Infrastructure development and marketing activities and costs could continue over several years as we develop our land holdings. We will also continue to evaluate land resources to determine the highest and best uses for our land holdings. Future sales of land are dependent on market circumstances and specific opportunities. Our goal in the future is to increase land value and create future revenue growth through planning and development of commercial and industrial properties.
Real Estate – Resort/Residential:
We are in the preliminary stages of development; hence, no revenues or profits are attributed to this segment.
Resort/residential real estate segment expenses were $648,000 during the first three months of 2019, an increase of $233,000, or 56%, from $415,000 during the first three months of 2018. The increase is primarily attributed to higher professional services of $252,000 incurred during the first three months of 2019. We expect to see a continual increase in professional services throughout the remainder of the year.
Most of the expenditures and capital investment to be incurred within our resort/residential real estate segment will continue to focus on the following:
For Centennial, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave final approval to the specific plan on April 30, 2019. The specific plan for Centennial includes 19,333 residential units and more than 10.1 million square feet of commercial space.
For Grapevine, the court ruled that portions of the EIR required corrections and ordered that the County rescind the Grapevine project approvals until such supplemental environmental analysis was completed in December 2018. The Company is working on filing new applications to re-entitle the Grapevine project in 2019.
For MV, we have a fully entitled project and received approval of Tentative Tract Map 1 for our first four phases of development. The timing of the MV development in the coming years will be dependent on the strength of both the economy and the real estate market, including both primary and second home markets. In moving the project forward, we will focus on the preparation of engineering leading to the final map for the first phases of MV, consumer and market research studies and fine tuning of development business plans, as well as defining the possible capital funding sources for this development. Over the next several years, we expect to explore funding opportunities for the future development of MV. Such funding opportunities could come from a variety of sources, such as joint ventures with financial partners, debt financing, or the Company’s issuance of additional common stock.


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Mineral Resources:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Change
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
$
 
%
Mineral resources revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and gas
$
555

 
$
538

 
$
17

 
3
 %
Cement
296

 
351

 
(55
)
 
(16
)%
Rock aggregate
208

 
202

 
6

 
3
 %
Exploration leases
26

 
26

 

 
 %
Water Sales
5,026

 
7,992

 
(2,966
)
 
(37
)%
Reimbursables and other
21

 
22

 
(1
)
 
(5
)%
Total mineral resources revenues
6,132

 
9,131

 
(2,999
)
 
(33
)%
Total mineral resources expenses
3,832

 
4,231

 
(399
)
 
(9
)%
Operating income from mineral resources
$
2,300

 
$
4,900

 
$
(2,600
)
 
(53
)%

Mineral resources segment revenues were $6,132,000 for the first three months of 2019, a decrease of $2,999,000, or 33%, from $9,131,000 during the same period in 2018. In contrast with the first quarter of 2018, strong winter rainfall during the first quarter of 2019, resulted in fewer water sales opportunities. Comparatively, the Company sold 4,445 acre feet and 7,442 acre feet of water as of March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Mineral resources segment expenses were $3,832,000 for the first three months of 2019, a decrease of $399,000, or 9%, when compared to the same period in 2018. The decrease in expenses is primarily associated with decreased cost of sales for water of $485,000 related to fewer 2019 water sales opportunities as discussed above.

As anticipated changes come in the future related to groundwater management within California, such as limited pumping in the over drafted groundwater basins outside of our lands, we believe that water banking operations, ground water recharge programs, and access to water contracts as we have purchased in the past will become even more important and valuable in servicing our projects. Water sales opportunities for the remainder of 2019 will be limited based on winter rain and snow levels as well as the California State Water Project, or SWP, water allocations being at a 70% level.
We do not expect increased oil production in 2019 if prices remain at current levels. We currently expect our largest tenant, California Resources Corporation, or CRC, to continue its program of producing from current active wells at lower levels with no near-term intent to begin new drilling programs until oil prices reach higher levels. CRC has approved permits and drill sites on our land and has delayed the start of drilling as it evaluates the market. A positive aspect of our lease with CRC is that the approved drill sites are in an area of the ranch where the development and production costs are moderate due to the depths being drilled.


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Farming:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Change
($ in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
$
 
%
Farming revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Almonds
$
376

 
$
924

 
$
(548
)
 
(59
)%
Pistachios
254

 
43

 
211

 
491
 %
Hay
122

 
87

 
35

 
40
 %
Other
63

 
141

 
(78
)
 
(55
)%
Total farming revenues
$
815

 
$
1,195

 
$
(380
)
 
(32
)%
Total farming expenses
$
1,598

 
$
1,838

 
$
(240
)
 
(13
)%
Operating loss from farming
$
(783
)
 
$
(643
)
 
$
(140
)
 
22
 %

Farming segment revenues were $815,000 for the first three months of 2019, a decrease of $380,000, or 32%, from $1,195,000 when compared to the same period in 2018. The changes are primarily attributed to:
Almond revenues decreased $548,000 resulting from fewer prior year crop carryforward units being sold. By comparison the Company sold 170,000 and 330,000 pounds of prior year carryover crop as of March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Additionally, we reduced estimated almond revenues on our prior year crop by $89,000 to reflect current market pricing. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had 155,000 pounds of unsold carryover almond inventory.
2018 pistachio crop yields exceeded 4,000,000 pounds, representing a record high for the Company. The Company carried over 558,000 pounds of inventory into 2019 and has since sold 140,000 pounds, resulting in a $211,000 increase in revenues over prior year.
Farming segment expenses were $1,598,000 for the first three months of 2019, a decrease of $240,000, or 13%, from $1,838,000 when compared to the same period in 2018. The reduction in farming expenses is attributed to the following:
The Company recorded $108,000 in bad debt reserve during the first three months of 2018, which did not repeat during the same period of 2019.
The Company experienced decreases in hulling costs and irrigation costs of $82,000 and $72,000, respectively, in the first quarter of 2019.
The above reductions were partially offset by higher fixed water costs with Wheeler Ridge Maricopa Water Storage District of $182,000.


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Our almond, pistachio, and wine grape crop sales are highly seasonal with a majority of our sales occurring during the third and fourth quarters. Nut and grape crop markets are particularly sensitive to the size of each year’s world crop and the demand for those crops. Large crops in California and abroad can rapidly depress prices. Crop prices, especially almonds, are also adversely affected by a strong U.S. dollar, which makes U.S. exports more expensive and decreases demand for the products we produce. The low value of the U.S. dollar in prior years has helped to maintain strong almond prices in overseas markets. Thus far in 2019, when compared to 2018, the U.S. dollar has weakened against the Chinese Yuan whereas the Euro remains consistent. The full potential impact of an increasing U.S. dollar to our pricing and revenue is not known at this time. Additionally, increased tariffs from China and India which are major customers of almonds and pistachios, can make American products less competitive and push customers to switch to another producing country.
Weather conditions can impact the number of tree and vine dormant hours, which are integral to tree and vine growth. We will not know the impact of current weather conditions on 2019 production until the early summer of 2019. Thus far, we have experienced extended heavier rain fall and colder temperatures during the almond bloom period when compared to the 2017-2018 winter, which could negatively impact 2019 almond production. In addition, 2019 is the alternative bearing cycle for our pistachio trees and a lower than average crop is anticipated, following our record high yields in 2018. It is too early in the year to determine the impact of the 2019 water supplies on 2019 California crop production for almonds, pistachios, and wine grapes.
Lastly, the impact of new state ground water management laws on new plantings and continuing crop production remains unknown. Water delivery and water availability continues to be a long-term concern within California. Any limitation of delivery of SWP water and the absence of available alternatives during drought periods could potentially cause permanent damage to orchards and vineyards throughout California. While this could impact us, we believe we have sufficient water resources available to meet our requirements in 2019.

Ranch Operations: